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Imagination Encircles e WorldBringing a fresh perspective on challenges facing institutions of higher learning worldwide, Dr Jamil Salmi was riveting when he spoke at the Distinguished Open Lecture at the St Augustine Campus on April 3. His presentation, World Class Universities or World Class Higher Education Systems? was an eye-opener. See Page 4. PHOTO: ANEEL KARIMLITERATURE 14Amazing Night Bringing Down e Show SAFETY 10On the Alert Beeng up Safety ENVIRONMENT 11Guanapos Woes Investigating a Landll RESEARCH 13Whose Morality? Ethics of Our Times
SUNDAY 28TH APRIL, 2013 UWI TODAY 3 EDITORIAL TEAMCAMPUS P RIN CIP AL Professor Clement Sankat D IRECTO R O F MARKETING AND C O MMUNICATIO NS Mrs. Dawn-Marie De Four-Gill D IRECTO R O F MARKETING AND C O MMUNICATIO NS Ag.) Mrs. Wynell Gregorio EDITOR Ms. Vaneisa Baksh ACTING EDITO R For the period from May 1 to August 2, 2013, Mrs Maria Rivas-McMillan will be editing UWI TODAY, please address all correspondence for the paper to her at email@example.com u during this time. CAMPUS NEWS Research Brings Creative Knowledge FROM THE PRINCIPAL It is all too common to hear complaints that funding for research is misdirected if it turns out that the ndings conrm what might be considered general knowledge. M any researchers will tell you that this betrays a fundamental misunderstanding about the purpose and value of their work. What makes the difference between what might be called street knowledge and methodical research data is the capacity to use that information in a systematic, thoughtful and meaningful way. F or instance, it is not enough to declare that the country is besieged by violent crime; that is the kind of knowledge that should initiate an investigation into why that is so and what can be done about it. Without accurate data and analysis, there can be no proper planning or interventions in matters relevant to policy-making. Initiatives to bring about change cannot be designed based on hearsay. e researchers lot is always fraught with the possibility that the research may have yielded results that do not sit well with the public or with industry or with special interest groups but it should not cause a serious scientist to detour from the path to knowledge. R ecently our Campus invited tertiary education specialist, Dr Jamil Salmi, to be part of the Distinguished Open Lecture Series, and as he described challenges faced by U niversities such as ours worldwide, we recognised those landscapes immediately. Yet, by bringing a vision that had been calibrated by extensive study of these environments, he was able to oer relevant and nuanced solutions that were creative and feasible. At the heart of all these transformative moves, Dr Salmi insists that research and knowledge have to be the driving force for successful change. Economies have radically transformed their wealth and viability by focusing on competitive strategies. Dr Salmi discussed U niversity frameworks for those transformations: quality, relevance, financial sustainability, institutional diversification and exibility to change. He noted three fundamentals to build a leading institution; the ability to attract talent, abundant resources and good governance. Challenging yes, but at the UWI, and for the future of the Caribbean, we must continue to work at achieving the optimal mix of talent, resources and governance to support our strategic vision. ese are all elements of the UWIs strategic plan, and in the case of the St. Augustine Campus, balancing talent, resources and governance is what underpins our continuous eorts to review and enhance what we do, so that we can bring greater value to our country and region.CL E M E NT K. SAN KATPro Vice Chancellor & Principal Science, People and the Environment was the theme of this years R esearch Day held by the Department of Life Sciences to show o the work being done at all levels by students. F or the third year, students got a chance to demonstrate the relevance of their work to societies, particularly in relation to biodiversity, and to have it critiqued. M igrant songbirds in the Caroni Swamp, seabirds on the north and east coast, spiders and guppies; youd be surprised at how their ways of life aect you. P articipants presented research on our forests, our cocoa, our rivers and beaches and looked at what aects our water quality, the impact of quarries, and even the economic value of the recreational resources provided at the Caroni Swamp Bird Sanctuary. One of the nal elements of the days agenda was a video presentation called e Bioethics of horsemeat consumption in Trinidad, which must have sparked quite a lot of interest given the global furore over unexpected horses at the table (more of that at a later date). UWI students looking at departmental displays and Solomon the Snake courtesy Mr Mike Rutherford of e University of the West Indies Zoology M useum (UWIZM) and UWI Biological society respectively.PHOTOS: ANEEL KARIMPRIZES WERE AWARDED FOR THE PRESENTATIONS AND THE WINNERS ARE: PG ORAL PRESENTATION 1st place Ms Lena Dempewolf 2nd place Mr Ryan Mohammed 3rd place Mr Maurice Rawlins PG POSTER PRESENTATIONS 1st place Mr Mike Rutherford 2nd place Ms Kerresha Khan 3rd place Mr David Gopaulchan BEST VIDEO The Bioethics of horsemeat consumption in Trinidad Kerresh Khan, Hema Ramdial, Maurice Rawlins and Akilah Stewart.Science and P eople N icole A dimoolahs presentation was on the eect of inbreeding on populations of eobroma cacao L. (cocoa tree). She is a student doing the new regional online MSc Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development in the Caribbean. is MSc is in partnership with University of Belize, A nton de Kom Universiteit van Suriname and University of Guyana.
4 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 28TH APRIL, 2013 Should we build World Class Universities or World Class Higher Education Systems? is was the question Dr. Jamil Salmi posed at the two events held on April 3 by e UWI, St Augustine, in his honour. At a breakfast forum hosted by Campus Principal P rofessor Clement Sankat at the Hilton Trinidad and Conference Centre, Dr. Salmi, a global tertiary education expert, discussed what it means to establish world class universities and other institutions. He noted that traditionally world class universities have been distinguished for having top graduates, leading-edge research initiatives and dynamic knowledge and technology transfers. ey attract and manage distinguishable faculty, sta and student talents, have an abundance of resources, are successful in fund-raising, and have governance systems that are apolitical and autonomous and strong leadership teams. He described what he termed a higher education ecosystem, pointing out the dierences between prestige and excellence. He cautioned against using world rankings as the basis for development, remarking that their dierent methodologies are not entirely objective or supportive of the unique mission of a distinctive university. He noted that there is danger in homogenization in that all institutions within a sector are not the same. Dierentiated systems in higher education, that is, dierent institutions which focus on their strengths and the purpose for their existence, are important. He cautioned against academic dri, where institutions shi in their primary purpose/mission too quickly, causing an unnecessary strain on national and institutional resources and increased competition for markets and funds which contributes to what he terms the global talent war. P rofessor Sankat underscored the comments raised by Dr. Salmi, particularly noting the leadership and economic challenges in building world class universities, whilst others raised challenging issues such as assuring and enhancing quality through accreditation, methods for raising funds, talent recruitment and management, nancial challenges in current economic times, developing the ecosystem concept with dierentiated institutions and focusing on relevance over ranking. Later, at the UWIs Distinguished Open Lecture Series, Dr. Salmi drew a vivid picture of the future of tertiary education. He challenged participants with investing in futuristic open universities that relied on the best academics to facilitate students learning in truly needs-driven programmes that are technology-mediated, negotiated content and primarily conscious of the career and personal developmental needs of students. Is your tertiary education system ready? he asked. Dr. Salmi spoke of the importance of knowledge, changing educational needs and practices and new challenges for small states as they embrace policy reforms and institutional changes in tertiary education. He discussed the dierences between poverty and wealth through creation of new knowledge economies. By dierent economies making the transition from primary to tertiary education access, he said, highly technological societies have developed niche products which have radically transformed their economic competitiveness, wealth and viability. He outlined the changing skills and competencies that would be required in societies, from routine manual tasks being performed by machines to highly complex knowledge jobs done by innovative persons. He asked tertiary educators and institutions to consider what would be needed to develop these competencies as the new talent for economies. He referred to new pedagogical practices focused on the learner and the importance of re-training and re-tooling careers through continuing professional development. is means that for small island developing states, a new paradigm for tertiary education needs to be considered; one centred on quality, relevance, nancial sustainability, institutional diversication and exibility to change, he said. Dr. Salmis work has taken him around 80 countries world-wide as a tertiary education policy expert with the World Bank, as an academic researcher and a policy and strategic management consultant to governments and universities in Europe, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean. He has published many reports and books which have given developed, developing and transition countries much to consider in their policy reforms in tertiary education and strategic transformations within universities. At the end of his lecture, there seemed to be a consensus from listeners that while nancial constraints present limitations, leadership at all levels in the system should focus more on entrepreneurship, risk-taking, creativity and innovations as absolutely critical ingredients for institutional change and progress. In our sector, information technology is not seen as the core business for change but an additional component. If we have to do what Dr. Salmi suggests we need to reprioritize, realign and re-engineer, was one comment. How do we make the transition? asked one academic. ere is a dierence in the response of corporate versus academic adopters. Academics generally want change but administrators are not willing to contribute or entertain these changes. U ndoubtedly, Dr. Salmis presentations provoked thought into how the tertiary education sector and corresponding institutions should embrace transformation from policy-making and leadership to academic cultures. What would now be needed are measures for such changes that the tertiary education sector would have to dene, enable and deliver.Dare to be D IFFERENTJamil Salmi Challenges Tertiary EducatorsB Y DR E D U A R DO R A LIDr. Eduardo R. Ali is Programme Manager, Institutional Eectiveness, at the Oce of the Campus Principal, e UWI, St. Augustine. PHOTO: ANEEL KARIM CAMPUS NEWS
SUNDAY 28TH APRIL, 2013 UWI TODAY 5 ENERGY THEATREe Department of Creative & F F estival Arts (DCF F A) of e U UWI just completed its run of M M aria Antonia at the Little Carib eatre, and from all accounts, it was a success. As part of the requirements for the BA in eatre Arts, P P roduction II students of the DCF F A are brought together as a company to perform in and produce a full-length play. Dr. Jorge M M orejon a Cuban-American dance lecturer at the Department, worked on the production as both translator and director. M M aria Antonia, the 1967 Cuban classic written by Eugenio Hernandez Espinosa, is the tragic story of an Afro-Cuban woman who dees the men, women, and traditions of her community in search of self and meaning. rough her trysts with men, her deance of religion, and her thirst for change, she presents the struggles of a post-revolutionary Cuba one where women are forced to re-evaluate their roles in society. It employs Afro-Cuban culture for example Santeria, a syncretic religion of West African and Caribbean origin; and RR umba dance as part of its aesthetic. e play, therefore, presents itself as an opportunity, not simply for the teaching and honing of necessary skills in theatre, but for students to be exposed to Cuban culture and familiarize themselves with the history of the Caribbean region. Syntyche Bishop played the role of M M aria A A ntonia, with a supporting cast that included T T afar L L ewis, Robert N N oel, Kareem Durity, Ketisha Williams, Daniella Johnson, Dernelle Smith, M M erlisia M M cIntosh, Khadein Benn, L L equacia Renee Quash-De Suze, Jarell A A kini A A lder, A A dam Pascall, L L alonde Jay Ochoa, M M arvin Dowridge, Ion-Iee F F armer, M M arcus Waldron, Shanice James, Simeon Chris M M oodoo, Kirsten Shade, Candace Sturge Dunbar, Gabrielle Jade L L e Gendre, A A lana A A sh and Ruzanne Gustave. You can catch the nal dance performance of DCFF As Sole to Sole today at the Little Carib eatre from 6pm. Here are some images from the production captured by Wesley NN icholls.When M M aria AA ntonia went to Town
6 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 28TH APRIL, 2013 CAMPUS NEWS e Department of M odern L anguages and Linguistics was pleased to host the 6th Conference of P atois Speakers of Venezuela and the Caribbean as this was the rst time that Trinidad & Tobago has acted as the host nation. Since 2005, all previous conferences have been held in Venezuela, either in G iria (Estado Sucre) or El Callao (Estado Bolvar), where P atois is barely alive and highly endangered, even more than it is in T&T. e conference aimed to highlight the historical, social and linguistic links between T&T and its nearest neighbour, the Bolivarian R epublic of Venezuela. e focus of one of these links was the P atois language (F rench Creole), still spoken on both sides of the G ulf of P aria, as are Spanish, English, English Creole, and at least three Amerindian languages, including Warao. During the conference, issues of language resources, vitality, documentation and revitalisation, and the necessity of central and local government support and legislation were discussed. Community elders and language practitioners were honoured and they engaged in all of the matters, as P atois-speaking communities in both countries chart their way forward. is sixth conference was organised by Dr Jo-Anne F erreira and N namdi Hodge, who have been part of the conferences since the rst in 2005. eir P atois project involved documenting speakers and P atois traditions in Trinidad and Venezuela, and is now also a part of an RDI-funded project based in D MLL and focusing on three autochthonous languages of T&T. e Conference was made possible because of grants from the G overnment of Venezuela, especially the M inisterio del P oder P opular para la Cultura, the M inisterio del P oder P opular para R elaciones Exteriores and the Embassy of Venezuela, as well as support from the Asociacin de P atuaparlantes de P aria, the Sociedad Conservacionista de G iria, and the Instituto Venezolano para la Cultura y la Cooperacin (celebrating 50 years in T&T this month). The one-day U WI segment of the conference was well attended and took place at the Centre for Language Learning and the School of Education on April 10, in conjunction with the Society for Caribbean Linguistics (SCL), the Caribbean Yard Campus (CYC) and the Centre for Latin America and the Caribbean (CE N LAC). e Santa R osa First P eoples Carib Community was represented by Cristo Adonis, and P aramin was represented by Errol F elix, Bernard F ournillier, K enneth R omain and Cecil St. Hillaire. e Embassy of the Bolivarian R epublic of Venezuela was host to more workshops on ursday morning, and the rest of ursday as well as F riday were taken up with eld trips and community visits. At the UWI leg, entirely in Spanish and interpreted by UWIs own CITB (Caribbean Interpreting and Translation Bureau), Her Excellency Ambassador Coromoto G odoy gave the feature address, Dr. R amn M ansoor focused on Trinidad as a microcosm of Venezuela, and Dr. Lancelot Cowie of CEN LAC looked at the histories of AfroVenezuelans. Anthropologist Omaira G utirrez M arcano gave an overview of the Venezuelan governments initiatives to preserve Venezuelan languages and cultures, and of the constitution which protects all languages, spoken or signed. P rofessor Emilio M osonyi of the U niversidad Central de Venezuela spoke on Venezuelas P atois (P atu), while Saturnino and R osa Olivino de Briceo shared their experiences as native P atois speakers. Workshops were given by Dr. Joseph F arquharson (multilingual lexicography), Cristo Adonis (Trinidadian folk medicine, which uses a number of P atois words for our ora), and at the Embassy, by R osa Bosch Teris (F ranco-Creole Venezuelan cuisine) and R ondel Benjamin of the Bois Academy (Stickghting). Visitors were also treated to singing by the Vini Chant choir at the Caribbean Yard Campus, and were welcomed by the communities of P aramin and Blanchisseuse. e conference is expected to grow to include all the Crolophone territories of the region: Brazil, Venezuela, Trinidad & Tobago, G renada, St Lucia, M artinique, Dominica, G uadeloupe, Haiti and the U SA, and any country that has a P atois-speaking community.Patois M eets PanyolVenezuela is closer than you thinkTo learn more, visit the Annou Pal Patwa (Lets Talk Patois) page and group on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/groups/annoupalekweyol/ and visit the Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics: http://sta.uwi.edu/e/dmll/ 6TH C O NFEREN CE O F PATOIS SP EAKERS O F VENEZUELA AND THE CARIBBEAN S IZYM ASANBL M O UN KI K A P AL PATWA/KW Y L KI S TI VNZWL P I KAWAYIBLA 6A A SAMBLEA DE HABLANTES DE PATU DE VENEZUELA Y DEL CARIBE Venezuelan Patois contingent on eld trip in Blanchisseuse, from le: Prof E. Esteban M osonyi (V), Juan Valdez (V), Rosa Olvino de Briceo (V), N namdi Hodge (T&T), F elix Savary (T&T), Saturnino Briceo (V) and Concepcion (T&T).PHOTO: ANDREINA CARABALLO
8 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 28TH APRIL, 2013 RESEARCH A nyone living in T rinidad and T obago could not have failed to notice that dengue is a major and all too oen overwhelming problem for our region. Each year, millions of people in the Americas experience the debilitating and, in some cases, life-threatening effects of dengue virus infection. A very conservative estimate suggests that dengue costs the Caribbean about US$321 million annually. is does not even consider the costs of surveillance, mosquito control and public education programmes or the impact of disruption to the rest of the healthcare system when an outbreak occurs. Dengue has a long history in the Americas, with accounts of dengue-like illness as early as 1780 in P hiladelphia, USA. However, outbreaks of the disease were few and far between up until the 1960s and s, when large epidemics of dengue fever swept through the region. In the 1980s outbreaks with large numbers of cases of the more severe and life-threatening forms of dengue rst appeared. Since then the size, frequency and severity of outbreaks in the Caribbean and the wider Americas have been increasing steadily. This trend is expected to continue and to be exacerbated by climate change. It is cold comfort to learn that we are not alone in this regard. Dengue, which is caused by any one of four types of dengue virus (i.e. dengue virus serotypes 1, 2, 3 and 4), is the most rapidly spreading mosquito-borne viral disease and currently one of the most important emerging diseases. P rior to the 1950s, dengue as a major public health problem was eectively restricted to Asia. Today, the four dengue viruses and Aedes aegypti (the main mosquito species involved in transmitting the viruses from person to person) are found throughout the tropics. R ecent estimates published in the journal Nature suggest that about 390 million people around the world are infected by dengue viruses annually. Approximately 75% of these infections result in no symptoms, or symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed. However, for about 96 million people, disease is apparent. It may range from a mild, non-specic febrile syndrome to classic dengue fever (characterized by fever, headache, rash and severe muscle and joint pains), to lifethreatening dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. So why did dengue suddenly emerge in the Americas? Where did it come from? Why has the disease pattern changed, and what can we expect in the future? R esearch has shown that dengue viruses originated in the forests of the Old World where up to today, in West Africa and South East Asia, a sylvatic or wild form of the virus is transmitted between non-human primates (monkeys and apes) by forest dwelling mosquitoes. Although humans are not their preferred host, given the opportunity, some of these mosquito species will feed on humans. Hence, humans living in forest fringe regions can occasionally become infected with sylvatic dengue viruses. ese spillover events do not usually result in sustained onward transmission of sylvatic dengue viruses in human populations. However, analysis of the evolutionary relationship between currently circulating sylvatic and human dengue viruses indicates that this has happened at least four times (most likely in South East Asia) giving rise to the four known human dengue serotypes. While another Aedes species of mosquito was likely the original vector for human dengue, sustained transmission of dengue in human populations is undoubtedly a consequence of the subsequent involvement of A. aegypti, which prefers feeding on humans and breeding around man-made environments. The earliest evidence of a disease with symptoms consistent with dengue is of water poison, documented in China during the Jin Dynasty over 1500 years ago. Dengue virus eventually spread to Africa and then to the Americas during the Atlantic Slave Trade. However, the dramatic global expansion of dengue virus out of Asia, beginning in the 1950s, has been attributed to troop movements and population displacement at the end of World War II. Expansion of the airline industry, increasing human population sizes and urbanization further facilitated global dissemination. ese factors provided opportunities for rapid, long-distance movement of infected humans and mosquitoes into high-density human populations and conditions that favour the creation of breeding sites suitable for A. aegypti. As a consequence, in the Americas where for almost 200 years only dengue virus serotype 2 existed, within 18 years (from 1963) the three other dengue virus serotypes were introduced from Asia and very rapidly spread throughout the Americas. N ew strains of existing serotypes have continued to appear. ere is currently no cure for dengue, although early D EN GUE:P ast, P resent and F utureBY PR O FESSO R CHRISTINE CARRINGTO NProfessor of M olecular Genetics and Virology, Christine Carrington stands under a phylogenetic tree showing the evolution of dengue virus serotype 4 in the A mericas. PHOTO: ALEX SMAILES
SUNDAY 28TH APRIL, 2013 UWI TODAY 9 detection and appropriate management of individuals who show warning signs of developing severe dengue can reduce case fatality rates from 10% to as low as 1%. Several vaccines are currently in clinical trials, but none is yet approved for use. In the absence of a cure or a vaccine, reducing dengue virus transmission depends entirely on reducing mosquito populations and breeding sites, and interrupting contact between humans and mosquitoes, but these interventions must be well targeted. Access to accurate and timely information on the number and distribution of dengue cases is critical. U nfortunately, this is not as straightforward as it sounds because a large proportion of dengue virus infections occur without symptoms. Even when individuals show signs or symptoms of the disease dengue can only be conrmed by laboratory testing since it is generally clinically indistinguishable from a range of other u-like illnesses. Determining how much dengue is around and where it is, is further complicated in settings such as ours, where reporting systems tend to be slow and inecient, where regulatory and quality control on diagnostic laboratories are variable and where the public health infrastructure is easily and oen overwhelmed. F ortunately, while we humans have been struggling to obtain and document this type of information, dengue viruses (like all other organisms) have been doing a good job of keeping a record of their own past imprinted in their genetic material. U sing our knowledge of how viruses evolve (i.e. how their genetic material changes over time), it is possible to estimate when and where a given epidemic began or particular strains of a virus arose, the order and timing of transmission events, how virus population size has changed over time and even the patterns and rates of virus movement between geographic regions. e genetic material required for these types of analyses may be relatively easily obtained from patients blood or from infected mosquitoes. R esearchers at The U WI, St Augustine have been using this type of molecular phylogenetic approach to reconstruct the histories of the four dengue virus serotypes in the Americas (including when and where each serotype was rst introduced) and to investigate how factors such as patterns of human movement between countries, the size of human populations and the geographic distances between countries and major population centres inuence the rates and directions of movement amongst countries. Our results suggest a signicant time lag between the arrival of each of the serotypes to our region and when it was rst reported. is indicates that for some time aer arriving viruses remain below our detection threshold (which may be quite high due to poor surveillance in many countries in the Americas). We have also found that dengue virus in a given location is more likely to move to a nearby and larger human population than to a smaller or more distant population. However, while most of the strongest links (in terms of dengue virus movement) are between neighbouring countries, there are a few countries (including T&T) that act as major hubs for virus dispersal throughout the region. P resumably, this reects human movement patterns, which would be expected to play a more signicant role in dispersal of dengue on a regional scale than movement of infected mosquitoes. Investigations continue into whether airline trac patterns can predict dengue virus spread within the Americas. is molecular phylogenetic approach cannot replace good epidemiological data. However, it complements traditional approaches and provides insights into the evolutionary dynamics underlying how epidemics behave. HOW DO I KNOW IF I HAVE DENGUE?Dengue can only be conrmed by laboratory testing but if a person lives in or has travelled to a dengue endemic region and they have fever plus at least two of the following symptoms then they probably have dengue: Aches and pains Tourniquet test positive (i.e. evidence of minor pin point bleeding under the skin after a blood pressure cuff is applied to the arm and inated for 5 minutes) Leukopenia (low white blood cell count) Any warning sign (see below) Severe, life-threatening dengue occurs in only a minority of cases but it is difcult to distinguish between those who will and will not proceed to severe dengue. There are however warning signs that a patient is at increased risk of severe disease. Warning signs include: Abdominal pain or tenderness Persistent vomiting Clinical uid accumulation (i.e. uid accumulation in the lungs or abdomen) Mucosal bleeding (e.g. bleeding gums) Lethargy / restlessness Liver enlargement >2cm Laboratory tests detect increase in haematocit (HCT) with rapid decrease in platelet count Patients with these warning signs require strict observation and medical intervention. Severe dengue (also known as dengue haemorrhagic fever / dengue shock syndrome) is characterized by: It can contribute towards improved surveillance and development of models to predict the spread of viruses, particularly when coupled with other sensitive and specic molecular tools for rapid detection of both known and unknown viruses. Work in this area (funded by the UWITrinidad and Tobago R esearch and Development Impact F und) is currently underway at e UWI. e aims are to determine the rate of dengue virus infection among patients who present with fevers at selected healthcare institutions in T&T, to identify viruses associated with those cases that cannot be attributed to dengue virus, and to identify factors that best explain the behaviour of dengue virus outbreaks within T&T. The overall goal is to facilitate improved surveillance and develop models to predict (and ideally prevent) the spread of dengue in T&T. e World Health Organisations recently published strategic plan for dengue prevention and control aims to reduce morbidity and mortality by at least 25% and 50% respectively by 2020. ey believe that these targets are achievable using already existing tools. However, they emphasise that research continue(s) to play an important role in reversing the trend in dengue... As the cost and time required to retrieve and analyse genetic data continue to decline, one can envisage a time in the not too distant future when real-time analysis of genetic, clinical and demographic data from patient specimens collected at the point-of-care will be routinely incorporated into surveillance strategies for dengue and other viruses. Christine Carrington is Professor of Molecular Genetics and Virology, based at the Department of Preclinical Sciences, UWI St. Augustine. Severe plasma leakage leading to shock and uid accumulation with respiratory distress (difculty in breathing) Severe bleeding Severe organ involvement (e.g. liver damage, impaired consciousness, abnormalities in the heart and other organs) WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF DENGUE?Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, dengue disease used to be divided into undifferentiated fever, dengue fever and the severe, life threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever. Dengue hemorrhagic fever was further subdivided into grades IIV in order of increasing severity, with grades III and IV being dengue shock syndrome. This has now been simplied so that patients are classied as having (i) dengue without warning signs, (ii) dengue with warning signs and (iii) severe dengue. ARE SOME DENGUE VIRUSES WORSE THAN OTHERS? There are four types of dengue virus known as dengue virus serotypes 1, 2, 3 and 4. All of them can cause severe dengue so none of the viruses is really worse than the others. HOW MANY TIMES CAN I GET DENGUE?A person can be infected only once by each serotype because infection with a given serotype causes their body to produce an immune response that provides lifetime protection against future infection with that particular serotype. Unfortunately the immune response to one serotype increases the risk of severe disease upon infection with a different serotype. So the good news is that a person can only get infected by dengue viruses four times, however there is a higher risk of severe disease when a person is infected for a second, third or fourth time. WHAT SHOULD AND SHOULDNT I DO IF I THINK I HAVE DENGUE? naproxen (Aleve). If you need a pain reliever take acetaminophen (or paracetomol ) e.g. Tylenol, Panadol. Rest and drink plenty of uids Avoid mosquito bites while febrile Consult a doctor Watch for warning signs (especially after your fever begins to decline, usually 3 to 7 days after symptoms began). Go IMMEDIATELY to an emergency room or the closest health care provider if any of the following warning signs appear: skin, nose bleed, bleeding gums)
10 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 28TH APRIL, 2013 CAMPUS NEWS e UWI St. A ugustine campus has partnered with the Disaster U nit of the Tunapuna P iarco R egional Corporation (TPR C) to develop its capabilities to respond to emergency and disaster type situations. The campus represents a sizeable and unique entity within the jurisdiction of the Corporation and the emergencies may not be similar in nature to other places in the country. e TPR C delivered CER T training for 80 participants from various departments across the campus and members of e U WI Security Services. e CE R T programme is one by the F ederal Emergency M anagement Agency (FEMA), U S Department of Homeland Security, and it has been adopted locally by the OD PM and Disaster U nits of the various R egional Corporations. is programme educates people about disaster preparedness for hazards that may aect their area and trains them in basic disaster response skills such as fire safety, light search and rescue, team organization and disaster medical operations. U sing the training from the 5-day programme, CER T members can assist following an event when professional responders are not immediately available. This training ended with an emergency response exercise on April 8, simulating smoke, explosions and injured persons in the Alma Jordan Library. CE R T members were required to establish an Incident Command Team, manage the emergency and treat victims. All of this was carried out under the guidance of external agencies such as the Trinidad and Tobago Fire Service (Fire P revention Officers, Search and R escue Teams), the Trinidad and Tobago P olice Service (Canine Division and the St. Joseph and Tunapuna P olice Stations), the Trinidad and Tobago R ed Cross Society and the Disaster U nit of the TPR C.A nother wounded being taken for treatment.PHOTOS: ANEEL KARIMO N THE R OAD TODISA S TER READINESSBY RAJESH KANDHAIe exercise tested the Campus readiness to respond to emergency situations; the preparedness of internal emergency services such as the Division of F acilities M anagement, the Health Services U nit, the UWI Security Services; the response time of the CE R T members; the availability of equipment to access the building and search for and rescue injured persons. The exercise allowed us to understand where our strengths lie as well as identify opportunities for improvement. Rajesh Kandhai is Manager, Occupational Health, Safety and the Environment, UWI St. Augustine. NEW POSITIONST hree senior lecturers at The UWI have been promoted to the rank of Professor based on their academic qualications, research achievements and active involvement in the University community. They are Michael McFarlane, Yasodananda Kumar Areti and Rajendra Ramlogan. Professor Michael McFarlane joined the University in 1986 and was awarded indenite tenure in 2006. He was promoted to Senior Lecturer in 2007 and simultaneously held the post of Consultant Surgeon in the Department of Surgery, Radiology, Anaesthetics and Intensive Care at UWIs Mona Campus in Jamaica. Before his Professorial appointment Yasodananda Kumar Areti was promoted to the post of Senior Lecturer in the Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care at UWIs Cave Hill Campus in Barbados in 2009. Professor Rajendra Ramlogan has lectured in the Department of Management Studies at the St. Augustine Campus since 2001 when he joined the University. He was promoted to Senior Lecturer in 2005. The UWI has also appointed Mrs Laleta DavisMattis as University Counsel and Head of the Legal Unit, succeeding Dr Beverley Pereira, who has retired. A Jamaican, Mrs Davis-Mattis rst joined the academic sta at the UWI Mona Campus as an Adjunct Lecturer in 2002 in the Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences and more recently, the Faculty of Law. Even the dogs were out as part of the drill at the St. A ugustine campus. N o, they arent about to toss Rajesh Kandhai over the top of the Alma Jordan L ibrary; he was one of the injured being rescued.
SUNDAY 28TH APRIL, 2013 UWI TODAY 11 RESEARCH How do you shut down a dump? is was one of the questions coming from Stetson M alchan of the G uanapo Community and Environmental Development Organisation (G-CEDO) during a lively town-hall style meeting held in M arch between residents and members of a U WI-led project team at a community church. e multi-disciplinary team, from the F aculties of Science and Technology, Engineering and M edical Sciences at U WI and the Caribbean Institute of M etrology and Hydrology (CI M H) along with partner institutions, the Solid Waste M anagement Company Limited of Trinidad and Tobago (SWM COL) and the Water R esources Agency (WR A) came together to address issues expected to crop up as their project unfurls. This project, funded by the Trinidad and Tobago R esearch and Development Impact F und ( R DI F und), called e impact of the contaminants produced by the G uanapo Landll on the surrounding environment has been set up to assess the extent of contamination from the G uanapo Landll to the air, water and soil, as well as identify the potential impacts of this contamination to ecological and human receptors. is was one of the rst community activities and there was an excellent turnout by residents, and even Arimas MP R odger Samuel, was there. e programme began with greetings from U WI by Dr Denise Beckles, SWM COL by M r R hyan Hanoomansingh, Communications Sales and M arketing G eneral M anager and from WASA/WR A by Dr Sharda M aharaj, Consultant. Dr. Beckles outlined the project, highlighting goal and positive impacts to the community. is was followed by a few short presentations. Dr. Andy Ward of CI M H ( G round water hydrology and landll modelling) described the structure of landlls and using an example of the type of model that would be developed, showed residents how the information would allow managers to predict the movement and concentration of pollutant chemicals from the landll. Dr. M onica Davis also made a short presentation on the likely public health eects of landll emissions, and the methodology she would use to determine the severity of any health impacts on residents of the area. is was followed by a presentation from M r. Stetson M alchan, of G-CEDO. M r. M alchan gave some information about the water quality sampling that G-CEDO members are doing as part of the WR As Adopt-a-R iver programme. Aerwards Dr. Beckles, Dr Ward and M s M aria Allong, Quality Health and Safety M anger (SWM COL) answered questions from the audience. Concerns included queries about the level of pollutants in the water, problems from both the landll and the quarries in the area, information about how to shut down a landll, where will the information from the study go and how will it be used. MP Samuel indicated his desire to close the landll entirely. M r. R oger Belix said he had done tests at his own expense in 2010 and found mercury in the river water. He was concerned about the health impact from the landll, and wanted to see the involvement of the M inistry of Health in this project. He also noted the presence of quarries upstream, and asked about the impact of this on the water. He was told that in her role as a public health specialist, Dr Davis would be assessing the likelihood of a serious public health impact, and what action should be taken. Quarrying would aect the rivers in the area, but in a dierent way from the landll. A suggestion was made that the study should include some indication of bioaccumulation of the chemicals in the organisms of the river, because people in the area consumed sh from the rivers. It was also suggested that a recycling cooperative be considered, so that the activities of the community who scavenge could be more controlled (similar to what obtained in the Beetham a short while ago), but SWM COL said there were safety concerns relating to people being allowed on the landll site. e meeting was assured that all information would What have we done to GU ANAPO?Report on the launch of the RDI funded project on the Guanapo LandllA suggestion was made that the study should include some indication of bioaccumulation of the chemicals in the organisms of the river, because people in the area consumed sh from the rivers.be readily available to the public, as this was a requirement of the RDI fund. ere would be a nal symposium, where the data and conclusions would be presented, along with articles in the press and academic journals. Dr. Beckles also undertook to ensure that there would be literature that would be also accessible to the informed layperson. It was noted that the primary reason for the project was to obtain useful data, data that could be used to tell SWM COL and WASA what would be the best action to mitigate problems at the dump.
12 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 28TH APRIL, 2013 ENERGY CAMPUS NEWS Child Sexual A buse (CSA) is one of the most under reported criminal acts against children. It violates childrens rights and perforates their sense of security and normalcy; a perforation further enlarged by the colluded silence of those who have the responsibility to protect them. Caribbean societies are not untouched by the scourge of CSA and while the subject remains largely taboo, our societies live with its eects daily. In their report on the study P erceptions of, Attitudes to, and Opinions on Child Sexual Abuse in the Eastern Caribbean, Jones and Trotman Jemmott (2009) say that child sexual abuse has not only multiple layers but increasingly severe consequences for Caribbean societies. In Trinidad and Tobago, guidance ocers and social workers within the education system regularly encounter instances of CSA. M andated to report all instances of disclosure, and to do therapeutic interventions, it is a challenge to be proactive in relation to an issue that usually comes to them aer the fact. But there are measures that can help; one is in the area of information sharing, that is, creating awareness and building knowledge among parents, teachers and students. W orkshops or seminars for parents and teachers can focus on: behaviour and saying NO dialogue with children sleeping over at a friends house I nformation sessions with students can focus on: being abused CSA Information sessions may also involve watching movies or videos on CSA, or reading stories and newspaper articles on CSA, followed by discussions on the stories presented. Students can also be engaged in developing a safety protocol for themselves for dierent contexts: at home, the mall, at a party, a friends house. is is a good group/classroom activity. W hen talking to children remember to: Use concrete examples What if you are at a friends house and her older brother asks you to play a game that makes you feel weird or uncomfortable or involves something like touching or taking o your clothes? Model healthy boundaries Help students to practice setting healthy boundaries. M odel saying no. T alk about touch R emember that sexual touch can be very confusing. In a strictly physical sense, sexual touch can feel good and for a victim of sexual abuse, this can create more shame and confusion about the situation. Explain about tricks Some people who sexually abuse children use tricks, bribes or threats to keep them from telling. e abusive person might promise gis, they might tell the child that it is their fault or that no one will believe them, or that if the child tells anyone they will hurt their family or pet. Explain these tricks to students. Assure them that what the perpetrator is doing is wrong, even if a child did not object to the sexual interaction at the time. Highlight helpers Engage children in a deliberate discussion about who are the persons in their space that they may be able to go to for help.THE W ORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION defines Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) as, the involvement of a child in sexual activity that he or she does not fully comprehend, is unable to give informed consent to, or for which the child is not developmentally prepared and cannot give consent, or that violate the laws or social taboos of society. Child sexual abuse is evidenced by this activity between a child and an adult, or between a child and another child who by age or development is in a relationship of responsibility, trust or power, the activity being intended to gratify or satisfy the needs of the other person. This may include but is not limited to, the inducement or coercion of a child to engage in any unlawful sexual activity; the exploitative use of [a] child in prostitution or other unlawful sexual practices, and the exploitative use of children in pornographic performances and materials. (pp. 15-16, Report of the Consultation on Child Abuse Prevention, Geneva, 29-31 March 1999, World Health Organization, Social Change and Mental Health, Violence and Injury Prevention)Be approachable By having conversations about healthy sexual boundaries and answering questions accurately and respectfully, you send the message that you are someone students can talk to even when something has already happened. O ther proactive strategies can include: of a CSA prevention policy for your school. through the schools PTA. of CSA to provide training at the community level for parents. of working with CSA victims Child victims of sexual abuse oen suer in silence, trying coping strategies that may result in more harm and can oen go through life struggling with issues of intimacy and trust. As helping professionals, approaching CSA in a proactive way empowers children, gives them a voice and a say in their own safety and protection and forces those who have responsibility for them to be accountable for their care, protection and maintenance of their rights. is paper was presented by Lorita Joseph, a G uidance Ocer with the M inistry of Education who is currently pursuing a P hD in Social Work at UWI, St. Augustine. Her research focus has been in the area of children and trauma, looking at childrens responses to natural disasters and more recently, childrens responses to the loss of family members through homicide.UWIs Department of Behavioural S ciences and the S ocial W ork Unit hosted a workshop in February titled, Understanding Child S exual A buse: P erspectives from the Caribbean, for early years, primary and secondary school teachers, school social workers and guidance ocers. This was one of a series of activities funded by the British High Commission. Eighteen schools from the St George East District were represented.P RO TECT OUR CHILDRENSome ways you can take steps to make it saferB Y L O R ITA JOSE PH
SUNDAY 28TH APRIL, 2013 UWI TODAY 13 ENERGY CAMPUS NEWS Surendra Arjoon, Professor of Business and Professional Ethics at UWIs Department of Management Studies, T he prevalent moral climate of the 21st century is characterized by our inability to distinguish between right and wrong; truth becomes a matter of taste, morality is about individual preferences or about obeying rules, everything (including truth) is negotiable; thats why it is sometimes asserted that politics has its own morality (though its more accurate to say that politicians have their own morality). ese views are reected in the U S Supreme Court Justice Anthony K ennedys notorious mystery passage: At the heart of liberty is the right to dene ones own concept of existence, of meaning of the universe and of the mystery of the human life. In other words, what is good for us is up to us! History repeats itself as this reects the recurrence of P latos and Socrates denunciation of the relativism of the Sophists maxim man is a measure of all things ( P rotagoras) the Sophists were the academics of that period. We have therefore become a society of (lovers of opinions) rather than philosophers (lovers of wisdom). Opinion has replaced truth! e study of philosophy, according to omas Aquinas (not our P resident!), is not for the sake of knowing the opinions of people, but for the sake of knowing the truth of things; which forms the mission of the U niversity: to discover and disseminate truth and put it at the service of society. e idea of the University is derived from universal knowledge or universal truth, so it is therefore more accurate today to call universities multiversities or relativersities as the notion of truth becomes a matter of opinion or relativized some believe that their research can create new truths as opposed to gaining insights into an objective moral order. C.S. Lewis points out that people appeal to some standard of behaviour when quarrelling: howd you like it if give me a bit of come on, you promised. Society has lost its moral language and its ability for rational deliberation and so is incapable of arriving at a consensus on moral issues (capital punishment, abortion, same-sex union, same-sex marriage, cloning, contraception, euthanasia, in vitro fertilization, and so on). It often prescribes incompatible solutions that promote a culture of relativism and subjectivism (that is, one cannot impose moral demands on others) which leads to the denial that moral judgments can be true or false but are simply expressions of preferences. In other words, it presupposes the use of freedom in which one does what one wants based on what one nds pleasing, convenient, expedient, politically-correct or useful. Autonomy has replaced authority! e nal outcome spawned human-centred ideologies and political movements into all aspects of todays culture, culminating in a practical militant atheistic materialist secularism in which, according to Voltaire, it was originally believed that God created man in his own image and likeness, and now man has proceeded to return the favour: he wants Whats the M atter with the World?BY PR O FESSO R SUREND R A ARJOO Nto determine when life begins (in vitro fertilization and cloning) and when life ends (abortion and euthanasia). M an has replaced G od!M odern Social Sciences: Dangerous and Misguided?Leon K ass ( U niversity of Chicago) and Harvey M anseld (Harvard U niversity) observed that the social and behavioural sciences have a long history of being shaped and driven by political ideologies. F or example, they cited that at one time psychiatrists almost universally considered homosexuality as a mental disorder based on scientic evidence as was classied in the Diagnostic and Statistical M anual of M ental Disorders (DS M ). Aer a sustained political campaign, the American P sychiatric Association voted in 1973 (majority vote of 58%) to remove homosexuality from the DS M not because of new scientic ndings, but in response to external political pressure and political manoeuvring within the Association. P olitics has replaced science! K ass and M anseld further noted that the political climate has strongly influenced much of the existing research on many other issues such as same-sex marriage. N orval G lenn of the U niversity of Texas wrote: G iven the widespread support among social and behavioural scientists, it is becoming politically incorrect in academic circles even to suggest that arguments being used in support of samesex marriage might be wrong. Apart from measurement limitations, one needs a large amount of data to come to any meaningful scientic conclusion. e data simply does not exist. Science has replaced common sense!Beyond our Competence: A M oral CliIt is interesting to note that the moral dimensions of issues such as same-sex marriage, in vitro fertilization, abortion, and the death penalty have been largely ignored. ose who argue in favour of legalizing abortion because of unsafe practices have missed the point. ere is no right way of doing the wrong thing! Empirical social sciences cannot lay claim to be a normative for human behaviour, but remain descriptive, indicative and conjectural. F or example, if a longitudinal survey nds that a majority of women are taking contraceptives, one ought not to conclude that this is a trend so it must be morally permissible. is reects a scientic and metaphysical blunder as the conclusion falls under the eld of moral philosophy and beyond the competence of the social sciences. e moral blindness and legalization of actions based on subjective preferences while ignoring an objective moral order would be disastrous and plunge society over a moral cli. Advocacy has replaced morality! e Ethical Challengee ethical environment is characterized by humancentred ideologies propagated by analytical intellectuals who indoctrinate the masses with their gnostic enlightenment. What is required is a sincere search for truth which is the aim of all intellectual eorts in order to address the ultimate questions on the meaning of life and happiness based on a philosophy transcending what is time-bound to what is eternally-valid and permanent. In the words of philosopher Joseph de Torre, unless wiser people are forthcoming, the future of the world stands in peril!Society has lost its moral language and its ability for rational deliberation and so is incapable of arriving at a consensus on moral issuesPHOTO: ANEEL KARIMSurendra A rjoon, Professor of Business and Professional Ethics at UWIs Department of M anagement Studies
14 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 28TH APRIL, 2013 LITERATURE Each year UWI celebrates Caribbean literature with its Campus Literature Week, hosted by the F aculty of Humanities and Education (FHE), through its Department of Literary, Cultural and Communication Studies. All writers in Trinidad, whether new to the game or old hands, are invited to share their work with anyone whod like to listen. F or four days during the week, the Alma Jordan Library opens its doors to members of the bookish public who ock in for these lunchtime readings. is year, from M arch 18th21st, the Campus was host to popular names in Caribbean literature, like M onique R oey, G erard Besson and Lisa Allen Agostini. We also heard from new writers, many of them members of U WIs MF A Creative Writing programme, as well as budding poets. The week ended, on F riday M arch 22nd, with a Gala R eading featuring UWIs Writerin-R esidence, award-winning author of several novels and short story collections R abindranath M aharaj. e evening began with opening addresses, which included remarks by the F HEs Dean, P rofessor F unso Aiyejina, who emphasised the need to recognise and appreciate Caribbean literature, particularly the talents of its creators, and, more so, the need to nurture creators of literature lest our stock run out. One day aer the death of Chinua Achebe, one of most important gures in African literature, this message was even more powerful who will tell the world of the Caribbean, of our history, our present, our future, when the N aipauls, Lovelaces, Seniors and Lammings are no longer of this earth? Who will write of the Caribbean experience then? us began Campus Literature Week in 1999, said P rof Aiyejina. F ourteen years later, the celebration continues. is L earning the RopesGala brings Lit Week to a close BY S ER AH A CHAMyears gala showed that literature isnt just about books. M aharaj stepped up to the stage to deliver his reading, the audience was treated to an entertaining monologue from a lm he is currently writing. Still to be titled, it is set in Trinidad and tells the story of a man who opens his home and heart to a little Canadian boy he found stranded at the seaside. e monologue was performed by world-famous Trinidadian actor, Errol Sitahal, who had the audience captivated throughout the entire performance. It was then time for R obins reading and the mark of a truly loved book was clear when a few audience members cracked open their own copies of e Amazing Absorbing Boy so that they could follow along with him. F or the next half-hour or so, the audience found itself following 17-yearold Sam through Canada as he struggled to nd a life for himself there. By the time Sam knew the ropes, the audience was in ts of laughter as he tried to explain the Canadian customs to his U ncle Boysie, who was visiting from M ayaro although the woman behind the counter at the coee shop called him hon as she handed him their drinks, its not something that youd call another man, for example. e question and answer session was just as lively, with audience members trying to soak up as much of M aharajs knowledge and experience as possible. He told of how he ended up in Canada and became the world-renowned writer he is today, his inspiration for e Amazing Absorbing Boy and his writing routine, with many techniques and tips thrown in for anyone who wished to grab them up. ough there seemed to be more questions than there was time for, no one was le in the cold as the conversation continued at the cocktail reception which followed. e monologue was performed by world-famous T rinidadian actor, Errol Sitahal, looking quite dierent from the Gayelle years. Rabindranath M aharaj reading from the e A mazing A bsorbing Boy. PHOTOS: ANEEL KARIM
SUNDAY 28TH APRIL, 2013 UWI TODAY 15 ENERGY CAMPUS NEWS 25 Y E A RS IS NO T HI NG M I NORPortuguese and Brazilian Studies Growing More Popular BY D R JOANNE S. FERREIR ABrazil has captured the imagination of U WI students, largely because of its fame in football, music and Carnival. Interest in the P ortuguese language is growing, with both students of the F aculty of Humanities and Education ( F HE) and students and members of the public at the Centre for Language Learning (CLL) clamouring for courses that would help them to go to Brazil and P ortugal as tourists, study or do trade in Brazil, or reconnect to P ortuguese roots. e F aculty has hosted a Brazilian F ilm Week, and Brazilian lms are featured in the annual F oreign Language Film F estival. UWI, St Augustine will next visit Brazil as part of its B RICS country tours, and so Brazil continues to play an important part in campus life. e new M inor in Brazilian Studies (see sidebar) complements the M ajor in Latin American Studies and other M ajors. e programme stands to benet from a new sta and student exchange agreement between U WI and the U niversidade do P orto ( UP orto), one of P ortugals most prestigious teaching and research institutions. e U WI has joined the U niversity of P orto in a partnership with the European Commission that funds postgraduate studies in countries such as Belgium, F rance, G ermany, Italy, P ortugal, Spain and Sweden. e M undus AC P II project is managed by UP orto. P rof F tima M arinho, Dean of the F aculty of Arts and Humanities at UP orto, came during the first week of Semester II, 2012-2013 to develop links, particularly with the Department of M odern Languages and Linguistics (D M LL), and the Department of History. She gave two guest lectures on the P ortuguese historical novel of the 19th and 20th centuries, and visited the Alma Jordan Librarys P ortuguese and Brazilian Studies Display. e future of P ortuguese and Brazilian Studies at e U WI is bright, with great international scope and prospects and its value today has to be credited to the foresight of Dr Lancelot Cowie, currently Director of the Centre for Latin America and the Caribbean (CENLAC). In 1987, when the Luso-Brazilian Studies language and culture programme started at St Augustine (the rst UWI campus to introduce P ortuguese language studies, and its own society and magazine), Dr Cowie was the visionary behind it, and the key gure in forging signicant links with the U niversidade de Braslia (U nB), located in Brazils capital. Working with former Heads of Department, Dr Ena omas and P rof Barbara Lalla, Dr Cowie saw the need to develop links with more Latin American universities. en PVC P rincipal G.M. R ichards held discussions with Brazilian and Argentine envoys, focusing on collaboration in methodology, materials and curriculum development in the teaching of P ortuguese, Spanish and English as foreign languages, and on joint research in the areas of wood technology, bre optics, fuel alcohol, biotechnology and computer soware development. The P ortuguese language programme started with support from the Embassy of Brazil in P ort of Spain, which lent St Augustine the rst teachers: Sonia R egina R eis da Costa, and later attach P rof Yeda P essoa de Castro, a Brazilian specialist in African languages trained at the N ational U niversity of Z aire. e Embassy of Brazil continues its support with prizes for outstanding academic performance, donations of books and lms, and cultural events and receptions hosted at the Embassy. P ortuguese is a heritage language that has been spoken in the Caribbean and G uyana for over 175 years by M adeirans and their descendants (whose history has been documented in two P hD theses in the F aculty of Humanities), and others. In Trinidad, informal classes actually started at the Associao P ortuguesa P rimeiro de Dezembro on R ichmond Street in 1905, and in the 1980s, the NIHERST School of Languages was probably the rst since to teach P ortuguese formally. Of the 16 teachers since 1987, 14 have been Brazilians, and U nB has been the main source. ese include Elias Jorge R odrigues Siqueira N unes (now deceased), Anglica Costa M aha, P rof M aria Jandyra Cavalcanti Cunha, Helber Vieira and M iriam K urcbaum F uter, current instructor. Since the P ortuguese teachers have either been temporary or part-time, the programme has been supported by a cadre of examiners from Education, F rench, Linguistics and Spanish. P rof Cunha came in 2004 to renew the language programme, and her students participated in the InterCampus F oreign Language eatre F estival for the rst time. Cunha also published research into Trinidads Brazilian community. In 1999, the CLL started delivering P ortuguese language courses to the U niversity community and wider public (not for credit), and now has ve part-time instructors, including three Trinbagonians. Students majoring in Latin American Studies, Spanish and Linguistics have been among those reading P ortuguese language courses, with total numbers over the last 25 years reaching 450. F our students of the rst UWI class of seven went on an exchange to U nB, which was reciprocated with four U nB students, two of whom stayed on as teachers ( M r N unes and Ms Costa M aha). Students of P ortuguese have visited the states of R oraima and P ar in Brazil, and students of other departments, including DCF A, have also gone to Brazil. Six former U WI students have gone on to study at various institutions in Brazil with Dr R achael R adhay completing her M asters and P hD at U nB, and others completing their BAs in Spanish and P ortuguese, translation and other elds at a number of other institutions. Several other Trinbagonians have gone to Brazil to T he Minor in Brazilian S tudiesThe Minor in Brazilian Studies, launched in November 2012, is the brainchild of Ms Miriam Kurcbaum Futer, and the product of a dedicated team, in particular Mr Helber Vieira, the rst Visiting Lecturer from the Government of Brazil, and Dr Nicole Roberts (current Head, DMLL), who together developed the courses, with Dr Anne-Marie Pouchet and Ms Futer completing the project. The team included Eric Maitrejean, Dr Maarit Forde, Prof Valerie Youssef (then Head of Liberal Arts), and the current coordinator. Cave Hill has a similar programme and Mona has oered Portuguese language courses. The first new course, PORT 1003 Introduction to Brazilian Culture, has met with rave reviews from students, all keen to know Brazil better. The other new courses focus on society and culture, Portuguese for business and Brazilian literature, and begin in 2013-2014. A BA in Portuguese Studies is in preparation.T rinis who have studied and worked in Brazil, from le: Christobel M aynard, Brent Joel, Vinola Grith, L esley-A nn N oel and Jo-A nne F erreira. pursue their studies in areas such as dentistry, medicine, architecture and geophysics, or on cultural exchange trips through other universities, and to a number of conferences. The U WI has links with a number of other Brazilian universities, and plans to develop these and others. St Augustine currently oers P ortuguese and Brazilian Studies in the D MLL with two full-time teachers, M iriam F uter, instructor and Eliete Sampaio F arneda, visiting lecturer, both from Brazil. One former teacher is the current coordinator of Visual Arts at the DCF A, Lesley-Ann N oel, who obtained her BSc in Industrial Design from the U niversidade F ederal do P aran and a postgraduate diploma in furniture design from the U niversidade N orte do P aran. e current programme coordinators (Dr AnneM arie P ouchet and the author) both did postgraduate work in P ortuguese, the former at the Ohio State U niversity, the latter at the M useu N acional, U niversidade F ederal do R io de Janeiro. Find out more at http://sta.uwi.edu/fhe/dmll/P ortuguese.asp Dr Ferreira is a Lecturer in Linguistics and Coordinator for Portuguese and Brazilian Studies at the Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics, Faculty of Humanities and Education, UWI St Augustine.
16 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 28TH APRIL, 2013 NOT BUSINESS AS USUAL May 2 3 UWI St. Augustine campus e Department of M anagement Studies, in collaboration with the Caribbean Centre for M oney and Finance (CCMF), Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago and the Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies (SALISES) hosts the 5th Biennial International Business, Banking & F inance Conference themed R e-engineering growth: Doing business in the new global environment. This years conference serves as a forum for the exchange of ideas on critical business, banking and financial issues currently facing the Caribbean region. For more information, please contact the BBF5 Conference Secretariat at bbf5@sta. uwi.ed uUWI CALENDAR of E VENTSAPRIL JULY 2013UWI TODAY is printed and distributed for e U niversity of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, through the kind support of Trinidad Publishing Co Ltd, 22-24 St Vincent Street, P ort of Spain, Trinidad, West Indies. SPORTS TALK June 26 28 Institute of Critical Thinking, UWI St. Augustine campus e U WI Sport and P hysical Education Centre (S P EC), in collaboration with First Citizens Sports F oundation host their rst sports conference entitled Science, Higher Education, Business: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Sport Studies, R esearch and Development. G eneral P re-registration $400 On-the-day: $450 Student P re-registration: $100 On-the-day: $125 R egistration Day R ate: $150 For more information or to register, please firstname.lastname@example.org u GROWING SECURITY June 30 July 6 Hyatt Regency Port of Spain e 30th West Indies Agricultural Economics Conference, themed Agribusiness Essential for F ood Security: Empowering Youth and Enhancing Quality P roducts will be held jointly by the Caribbean Agro-Economic Society, the Caribbean F ood Crops Society (CFCS) and the International Society for Horticultural Science (ISHS). For more information, please contact info@caestt. com or email@example.com m GOLFAID 2013 June 9 Millennium Lakes Golf and Country Club, Trincity e F aculty of M edical Sciences is hosting this fund-raiser, which is meant to support various organisations, such as the U WI Student Support F und, Autistic Society of T&T and P ersons Associated with Visual Impairment (P AVI). e cost is TT$3,500 per team, inclusive of dinner and drinks at the prize-giving ceremony. For further information, please contact the Secretariat at the Faculty of Medical START ME UP May 22 24 JFK Auditorium UWI St. Augustine campus The F aculty of Engineering at U WI, St Augustine in collaboration with the Engineering Students Society host the rst Startup Weekend Trinidad. e event provides hands-on experience through realtime entrepreneurial activity to soware developers, designers, marketers, product managers and startup enthusiasts and aims to initiate aspiring entrepreneurs in the use and practice of lean methodologies when starting their businesses. For further information, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org m, visit or m. You can also visit their Facebook page: StartupWeekendTrinidadTobago MISS MILES May 17 19 Learning Resource Centre UWI St. Augustine M iss M iles woman of the world, written by Tony Hall, is a powerful vehicle to engage young Trinidad & Tobago in the ght against corruption. e G ene M iles character created by Cecilia Salazar portrays the values of courage, patriotism, honesty and integrity. On F riday, M ay 17, at 11 am there will be a special secondary schools performance sponsored by R epublic Bank and on Saturday M ay 18, the show will be at 8pm while on Sunday, M ay 19, it begins at 6pm. Cost: UWI Students: $75 with Student ID; $100 for other persons. For further information, please contact Transparency, anika@transparency. or g email@example.com m UWI T OD AY W ANT S T O HEAR F RO M Y OUUWI TODAY welcomes submissions by sta and students for publication in the paper. P lease send your suggestions, comments, or articles for consideration to firstname.lastname@example.org