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The picture says quite eloquently what people have been saying unanimously since the 23rd edition of the UWI Fete took place on January 13. e Fete, Yalla!, met its own benchmark for success and surpassed all others, leaving patrons with a really high point in the Carnival 2013 season. (Please see Page 5 for some highlights.) AGRICULTURE 12From Farm to Fork A Pumpkin PlanSpiritof theFete EDUCATION 8Birdsong turns 40 e School in Pan LITERATURE 15Memory of the World Sam Selvon FOOD 6Rebuilding an Industry National Citrus Project PHOTOS: ANEEL KARIM
SUNDAY 27TH JANUARY, 2013 UWI TODAY 3 CAMPUS NEWS e University as an ENTERPRIS E FROM THE PRINCIPAL Managing a university is a very complex task, given that pub lic, not-for-profit educational institutions are not driven by the same kinds of bottom lines or values as the average private corporation or private university. What has been increasingly apparent in the last decade or so has been the rapid expansion of the higher education system, signicantly enhanced student intakes, more providers/ institutions, on-line delivery of programmes, Governments support for the education sector with a secondary school system that is also widening and enhancing its capabilities, together with the GATE Programme, have been tremendous drivers. Greater competition too, springing from every imaginable domain, has also increased the challenge to nd creative ways to make our education systems not only quality driven, relevant and meaningful, but sustainable in every possible way. It has meant recalibrating our instruments of planning and rethinking our roles and responsibilities as we rise to the demands of the times, as reected in our Strategic Plan for 2012-2017, University wide. As I humbly accept the vote of condence placed in me by the University Council in supporting another term as Principal of the St Augustine Campus, I am mindful that what lies ahead requires a more vigorous shi in thinking that moves away from the concept Two New AppointmentsProfessor Alan Cobley has been appointed Pro Vice-Chancellor for Undergraduate Studies with eect from February 1, 2013, succeeding Professor Alvin Wint who had served in the position for two outstanding three-year terms. Professor Cobley joined the UWI sta at the Cave Hill Campus in 1987 as Assistant Lecturer in the Department of History and rose quickly through the academic ranks, having been awarded tenure in 1991, been promoted to Senior Lecturer in 1995 and to a Professorship of South African and Comparative History in 2002. Global governance scholar, Professor W. Andy Knight, has been appointed Director of the Institute of International Relations (IIR) based at the UWI St Augustine Campus in Trinidad. A Barbadian by birth, Professor Knight has had a distinguished career as an academic and scholar in Canada, culminating in his heading the Department of Political Science at the University of Alberta. Professor Knight serves as Advisory Board Member of the World Economic Forums Global Agenda Council on the Welfare of Children and was a Governor of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) from 2007 to 2012. He co-edited Global Governance journal from 2000 to 2005 and was Vice Chair of the Academic Council on the United Nations System (ACUNS).UWI Press Marks 20 YearsLast ursday, the University of the West Indies Press celebrated its twentieth year of publishing Caribbean scholarship with an Author Awards Ceremony in Jamaica at e University of the West Indies Regional Headquarters. According to Director Linda Speth, e UWI Press Twentieth Anniversary and Author Awards Ceremony is designed to celebrate the contribution of all sixteen countries as it relates to the creation and dissemination of the Caribbean scholarship produced by the Press. Among the een award categories are the Chancellors Personal Award, the Vice Chancellors Personal Award, Bestselling Scholarly Monograph, Bestselling Textbook, Bestselling Edited Collection, Bestselling General Interest Book and Bestselling Kindle Book. e UWI Press is a not-for-prot scholarly publisher serving local, regional and international markets. e Press publishes in thirteen academic disciplines and is particularly well known for its work in Caribbean history, Caribbean cultural studies, Caribbean literature, gender studies, education and political science. e Press has over 350 books in print and has 60 of these books available in the Kindle and Kobo stores. Its books are peer-reviewed and approved by an editorial committee composed of local and international scholars. Established in October 1992, over the last twenty years UWI Press has won 42 international, regional and national book awards for scholarly, editorial and production excellence. EDITORIAL TEAMCAMPUS P RINCIPAL Professor Clement Sankat D IRECTOR OF MARKETING AND C OMMUNICATIONS Mrs. Dawn-Marie De Four-Gill D IRECTOR OF MARKETING AND C OMMUNICATIONS Ag.) Mrs. Wynell Gregorio EDITOR Ms. Vaneisa Baksh CONTACT US The UWI Marketing and Communications Ofce Tel: (868) 662-2002, exts. 82013 / 82014 Or email: email@example.com of managing an academy to one that sees it as managing an enterprise, without departing from our core academic values. With 19,000 students and 3,000 sta members, needs are as numerous as the possibilities to partner with the public and private sectors. We are going to do much more here. Our Strategic Plan narrows in on the realm of research and development initiatives such as the UWI-Trinidad and Tobago RDI Fund (Research and Development Impact) which provides funding and support for projects that can signicantly enhance the quality of life. We are also pushing ahead with plans to adequately resource and reward a vibrant research culture and innovation research that can translate into commercial activity is a priority. A more entrepreneurial approach means that where we can package and sell our services and resources, we will. No area is to be le untouched; from the new package of services being oered by the Chemistry Department, the chocolates we are processing at the Cocoa Research Centre, to the RDI Fund national citrus project we launched in December, as featured in this issue of the paper. A key resource in this undertaking is our UWI Graduates, our Alumni, leaders in all elds. We are going to mobilise them more than ever before. It is about making our resources and expertise available and making our resources and expertise work for us, that is, leveraging our assets: the essence of sustainable development. It is about transformation.
4 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 27TH JANUARY, 2013 RESEARCH e perennial problem of how to diversify Trinidad and Tobagos economy away from a hydrocarbon-based one can only be solved through a combined eort by the public sector, the private sector and research bodies such as e University of the West Indies, says UWI Pro Vice-Chancellor and St Augustine Campus Principal Professor Clement Sankat. As things stand, the few hundred researchers who are currently engaged in meaningful research in the country work on a wide range of disparate, unrelated projects. As to where and how their intellect should be engaged or harnessed to develop the country well, we must build consensus among the population about the kind of development that the country should pursue. ere is no reason why we shouldnt aspire to be like Singapore or even a South Korea, says Professor Sankat. Being small is a challenge for T&T but it also has its advantages. We should be able to manage and mobilise our people more easily than a larger country, for instance. To follow in the path of Asian tigers like South Korea, Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia, and make the leap from underdeveloped to almost developed, T&T must invest heavily in creating a fertile environment where research and development fuels creativity and innovation, with the aim of generating new infrastructure, products and services that can bring new value and support new policy formulation that enhances the quality of life of our citizens. Singapore has a population of ve million but less than one-eighth the land area of T&T; yet it has managed to raise the standard of living of its population to almost that of a developed nation. Space being the one thing that it didnt have, Singapore invested in creating an ecient transport system that minimises trac and compensates for the prohibitively high cost of owning a personal vehicle. Wouldnt that make sense in Trinidad, where every day thousands of people spend hours sitting usually alone in their own car in trac? By now, with the proper empirical data, and the will to execute, we should have been able to come up with measures to solve the trac situation across the country. Research should focus not only on wealth creation, but on treating behavioural and social issues, Professor Sankat pointed out. We need to put in place policies that can move us along from where we are now to where we want to be. In that vein, research should also be applied to governance issues including local government and constitutional amendments that would, for example, safeguard developmental projects, so they cannot be shelved by successive governments without good cause. Some think that constitutional change will be the be-all and end-all, that it will x all our problems, said Professor Sankat, but while this is important as we move forward, there are deeper social and cultural issues that will have to be dealt with. Social dependence on the State is one area that should be addressed and while social safety nets are important, and good criteria should be employed here, we should also be looking to build sustainable economies, he says. Resources ought to be channelled into creating an environment for private enterprise and entrepreneurial growth to ourish.We must stay focusedTo this end, R&D must take in all aspects of our society education, healthcare, crime, gender and discrimination, the creative sector and provide our leaders with evidence-based ideas on how to make positive change, and create exciting opportunities for the next generation of Trinbagonians, the Pro Vice-Chancellor says. He believes T&T should focus on creating new products and services for a global market place. Indigenous products, such as our world-class cocoa, Scorpion peppers, chadon beni spices and seasonings, can all be developed for export. So should be our music, our musical instruments, our carnival and other national festivals. An engineer by profession, Professor Sankat gave Grenada the nutmeg cracker, which he invented as a young researcher at e UWI. T&T gave the world the rst coconut dehusker, aer all, and a young UWI engineer rst developed the chataigne peeler. We developed a pigeon pea harvester and a pigeon pea sheller a long time ago. Have we developed industries around these? He noted that many in the private sector remain content with simply dominating the manufacturing sector in the Caribbean region, and are not rising quickly to the challenge of innovating and creating goods and services that are globally competitive. He noted the success of the SM Jaleels Chubby brand seen in many countries and an example of our possibilities. Even in the chemical and petrochemical industry, from which we produce methanol, ammonia and urea and are globally recognized, we are seen as primary producers, he pointed out. We must go deeper. We are not seen as a producer of high-tech goods. Meanwhile, Costa Rica, with a population of 4.3 million, is producing micro-processors for export. Our music and lm industries are also potential revenue earners. But are we doing enough to propel our creative industries to the top? Professor Sankat asked. Tourism in Tobago should be booming, not struggling. We must stay focused and determined to move these sectors. While endless reports have been commissioned and written over the years, implementation has bedeviled us. We must rst decide what we want Trinidad and Tobago to look like in ten years, Professor Sankat stated rmly. And once we agree on that vision and the projects that can get us there, let us rally around them and ensure long-term continuity in spite of leadership changes at the national and institutional levels. Otherwise this is going to signicantly retard our development and hurt our pockets! He suggests that a social compact between political parties (and perhaps the unions) to do what is best for the country would go a long way to ensuring that policies regarding long-term development cannot be changed, including, for example, food and agriculture, industrial and infrastructural development. We have to be building upon previous achievements for continuous improvement. In his view, transport and communications are two prerequisites for development. Building highways from San Fernando to Cedros and to Mayaro would open up the south of the island to investors, tourism and manufacturing, he suggested. Industry and enterprises will follow these highways! he insists. In a recession you ought to spend money to create new opportunities for wealth creation. But importantly, we will also bring relief to these distant, frequently underserved communities. While he agrees that wetlands and watersheds must be protected and other countries have done this, there is a lot of land that can and should be developed. In deciding how this development should take place, the government should draw on evidence-based research from UWI and other research institutions. T&T must move forward using a framework of knowledge and innovation that is research driven. Already we have some elements of the foundation that is needed to do this the UWI, UTT, SFC, CARIRI, CARDI, NIHERST, MIC, etc but these elements are not co-ordinated, directed or focused. If we could coordinate this group of 900 or so researchers, work with the private and other public sector agencies to address specic thematic areas, invest signicantly in this, then we would make a lot more progress, Professor Sankat concluded. We need to put a National Commission on Science, Technology and Innovation in place to manage all of this beginning with NIHERST for which a relevant study was already done. is was best practice in many countries, he said. As he gets going for his second term as Principal of the St Augustine Campus, Professor Clement S ankat talks to N azma Muller about pulling the countrys resources together. We must rst decide what we want Trinidad and Tobago to look like in ten years. And once we agree on that vision and the projects that can get us there, let us rally around them and ensure long-term continuity in spite of leadership changes at the national and institutional levels.
SUNDAY 27TH JANUARY, 2013 UWI TODAY 5 FUND-RAISER With a good-sized crowd, decent weather, fantastic food and top-class entertainment laid out in attractive and hospitable surroundings, the 23rd edition of the UWI Fete was once again reviewed as an outstanding aair on the carnival agenda. e Fete, noted as one of the primary fundraising eorts by e UWI through the UWI Development and Endowment Fund to help students in need, came o on January 13 at its traditional home, the grounds of the Oce of the Campus Principal. Among entertainers were Stalin and David Rudder, Roy Cape, Dil-E-Nadan, JMC Triveni and Kes the Band. e food fare was sumptuous, with many booths featuring cuisine with Arabic or Syrian/Lebanese avours to complement all the other culturally seasoned delicacies that were available. emed, Yalla!, a beautiful command (Lets Go!), the Fete did indeed encourage quite a few to obey its summons. Heres a sample of some of the images captured by photographers, Benedict Cupid Yohann Govia and Aneel Karim. was the cry
6 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 27TH JANUARY, 2013 Its not really the rst place youd go to for routine services requiring chemical analysis; it offers something more specialized than that. In fact, although it does oer some routine lab tests soil or water analysis, measuring chemical content and so on the Chemistry Department of the new Faculty of Science and Technology has come up with a practicable way to package its services that draws on a broad range of skills, equipment and technology to bring clients consultancy and analysis from one stop at UWI. The Department, headed by Professor Anderson Maxwell, has come up with a business plan that focuses on leveraging its competencies to generate revenue and broaden its impact in a way it has not done before. Over time, the Department realized that several clients from various industries seek their services, but do not always know what tests they need or how to use the results. e Chemistry Departments academic-led research service will be able to ll that need. Under the leadership of Dr Leonette Cox, clients from academic and industry areas will nd guidance from the Department as to what range of services will best serve their needs and once the model has been agreed, she will gather the requisite resources to ll them. Dr Cox feels the Department can be the incubator of scientic and technological answers to solve the regions socio-political and economic problems. ey have expertise in a wide range of areas including solid-waste management (environment, plastics, reclamation); public health and safety; environmental issues; renewable energy and new product development (eg, drug design), she says. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer (ICP-MS) used to determine very low metal concentrations in a variety of samples. MARKETING For further information, please contact Dr Leonette Cox, Department of Chemistry, In the past, she says, the services have been available but they were not oered as a package and were oen only used by people who happened to know of the Chemistry Departments capacity. Now, she says, they want the world to know they are a one-stop shop and theyre open for business. Dierential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC) used to measure heat ow in a sample in order to gain information about its structure. O NE STOP C H EMISTRYThe UWI, through the Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, has embarked on an initiative to assist in the revitalization of the Trinidad and Tobago citrus industry. is project seeks, amongst others, to develop a new, sustainable agronomic model for the re-development of the Citrus Industry in Trinidad and Tobago; to increase opportunities for agri-entrepreneurs and to increase domestic food and nutrition security. e project uses a demand-led approach where local farmers and processors can team up to get at least 25% of the $50 million frozen concentrated orange juice (FCOJ) import market and 50% of the apple and grapes market which has an import value of $25 million. e approach here is to increase fruit consumption across the youth population including through the School Nutrition Programme to augment the health of the nations children; develop a campaign to increase consumption of citrus juices across the population and to increase competition to capture market share for local juices. e project started with the nations school teachers since July 2012, encouraging them to simulate demand amongst school children. Dr Govind Seepersad, Citrus RDI (Research Development Impact) Fund Project Team Leader reminded participants that no longer does the citrus business reside on selling fruits in recycled bags and boxes, placed in heaps and looking for buyers. e world has changed and the way business is conducted has changed. Suppliers must recognize that they have produced a great, healthy, nutritious product, one which buyers are willing to pay good prices if presented properly. New marketing strategies are being developed to simulate demand. is includes highlighting the health benets as a major driver to simulate demand. Entrepreneurs are not to limit themselves by fresh fruit and juices alone. e project also highlighted emerging global trends such as new uses for lemon oil. On the juice side, they are looking at a new acidulant application of lemon juice on fruit juices and derivatives Govind Seepersad (Phd) is the Citrus RDI Fund Project Team Leader, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, UWI, St Augustine. Can the second mouse get the cheese?BY GOVIND S EEPERSADwith acid deciencies. Lemon juice is also being used as a preservative for baby foods and lime lends itself easily to industrialization. In the developing countries we found a range of new products. e trend of large companies is that of serving the food and beverage industry with the freshest best quality citrus avours and products. Companies are now using words such as: From the Named Fruit citrus avours designed to enhance the overall avour prole of your juices, fruit juice drinks or confectionery products. ey have recognized that successful avours provide the cornerstone of a quality brand by building into the juice product: a true and motivating dierence in kind. Marketing trends are using citrus as a specialty product. Integrating proven avoring components creates a synergistic result, providing and exclusive prole. Also, they are highlighting: Flavour is more than Taste. Flavours provide an emotion to the senses, and avouring preferences are unique for each customer. Even packaging and presentation have changed, making the products more user-friendly and attractive. us, local producers have a range of option and creativity to choose, from simple to innovative packaging to that of fresh juice and retail-sized concentrate packets. us, as we try to re-engineer the local citrus industry, can the second mouse get the cheese? We think they can.
8 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 27TH JANUARY, 2013 When the birdsong Academy was set up in 2004, it was another step in the vision of creating a global brand of music excellence that the organisation had set itself when it was founded 40 years ago. en, a group of mainly UWI students and sta, idealistic and full of seventies re had come together to make a dierence through pan. e Academy came to be with a solemn mandate to empower the next generation, and to this end, decided it would accept students from 11 to 18 years old. Its focus, while being the development of musicianship, would be constructed on platforms that nurtured development: life skills, counselling on social, academic and economic issues, leadership grooming and so on. Eight years later, its diary is impressive. From September to June, the Saturday programme runs from 8.30am to 4.30pm (and the ve-week vacation programme had 80 students last year). Every June, every October, students do the Associated Boards of the Royal Schools of Music eory and Practical examinations. Last year, they put on performances at both Divali and Christmas time, and this year, Andy Narell will be arranging his composition, e Last Word, for Panorama. On June 22, they are having a scholarship benet concert at NAPA, and a closing concert on August 10 at Queens Hall. The not-for-profit company, birdsong, with its 16-member board (chaired by UWI Prof Clement Imbert), actually has three distinct thrusts. One is the birdsong Steel Orchestra which brings the music and entertainment; another is the Academy and the third is the social enterprises that have been agents of income and employment. In 2002, using a business model with a board, they registered their Daily Environmental Services Ltd as a company and provided just that to a range of customers. In 2011, a similar company, bEnt was formed and the plan for this 40th year is to set up another with a dierent focus: food. With their eyes on ten acres at Orange Grove, the plan is for birdsong Agricultural Investments Ltd (bAgi) to get involved in agronomy and to continue the training along BIRDSONG TURNS 40e S chool in P an e name birdsong was chosen because the intention was to make music as sweet as the songs of birds and as with the songs of birds, dierent birds could be singing at the same time but the overall eect is harmonious music no individual is more important than the other. And so, lowercase to underscore that all are equal, all have the same weight. All have a valid voice. Amanda Joseph. Peter Minshall shares some of his theatre with students at the vacation camp in 2012. PHOTO: VIBER T MEDFORDA drum session at last years vacation camp. PHOTO: VIBER T MEDFORDthe lines of managing small businesses like farms. Dennis Phillip, an economist of many parts, is one of the founding members who is on the current board, and has been mainly responsible for the Academy. Apart from trying to raise funds and secure partnerships, he has been devising and implementing the programmes that seek to expose the youngsters to the world of possibility and to give them the skills to inhabit it. Two of their students are currently abroad on scholarships. Being at birdsong, he says, opens their minds to possibilities because of the range of their exposure and the nurturing and encouragement they receive. Even so, he says, it is still dicult for them to believe that they can step outside of the parameters their environments have imposed; but still, lives have been changed. Amanda Joseph, another board member, says the Academy is like a second home for some who live in challenging circumstances. Here, they can experience what it feels like to be good at something. One of the assistant tutors told her that the vacation camp hed attended when he was 15 saved him from just gambling on the block. Another who was not doing well at school, was so determined and dedicated that he is now a member of the Fire Services Band. Another students schoolwork was slipping through excessive Facebooking, she says. We were able, with their parents, to mandate an improvement in behaviour and grades as a condition of continued enrolment in the Academy; grades were up at the end of the next term and his parents were pleased to say he was behaving more politely at home. A consequence of having a free music education programme is that young people who would probably never meet, come together as equals to learn and make music and it is the very democratic measures of hard work, dedication, discipline and responsibility that determine who succeeds and advances. at they make friends despite dierent economic, social and academic circumstances is an added bonus, she said. (Vaneisa Baksh)
SUNDAY 27TH JANUARY, 2013 UWI TODAY 9 And so it was. e H omecoming. From Daaga Hall to Daaga Auditorium. Almost 36 years later, birdsong returned to e UWI St. Augustine campus, on the same spot that birthed it. Except that it was not the old gym and old Guild Hall, but the new, sophisticated Daaga Auditorium. And it was not the group of young, exuberant UWI students in our early twenties eager to learn this truly fascinating and addictive musical instrument, but rather, a group of school children of the Tunapuna community and beyond, who could read music, who were playing pan and standard musical instruments with a most varied and rich repertoire. What an achievement! e vision of the original birdsong nally fullled. On that Saturday in August 2009, it was an emotional, nostalgic feeling, indeed, a deep sense of pride that enveloped me as a founding member who had played on that same spot, on a Saturday evening in September 1973 when the then Chancellor of UWI, Sir Hugh Wooding had launched birdsong. It was hot and there were several speeches. We were perspiring with nervousness. We had practised long and hard for that moment, all through the long vacation (summer as it is now called!) on discarded pans from Phase II, under the instruction of Selwyn Jones (Joe Beetle) and the visionary leadership of Teddy Belgrave. Unlike the birdsong Academy of 2009, our repertoire for the night was no more than six tunes, including what became our signature tune: Memories by the Mighty Sparrow. Dressed in our dark pants and blue and white owered shirts that did not t too well, we were excited nevertheless: Freddie Lera (Bug), Eastlynne Greene, Anthony Bartholomew (Bartho), James Howard and Joseph Howard on tenor pan; Michael Adams, Leslie Callender, Dave Clement, Andre Moses, Rhoda Reddock and Albert Vincent (Vinco) on double seconds; Terrence Farrell, Gerry Kangalee and Cyril St. Louis on the six bass; Jerry Sagar, Charles Da Silva (Charlo) and Ronald Hinds on the double tenor; Johnny Slim Andalcio, Dennis Phillip and Margaret Hinds on the triple guitar; Cathy Ann Jones, Ronald Sandy and yours truly on the tenor bass, and the rhythm section comprising Teddy Belgrave, Henry Williams (Henny) playing iron with Panther from Canada Halls cafeteria as the drummer. (I apologise for any omissions or errors in the names.) For the Homecoming, Teddy, Dave, Jerry, Dennis and I from the original group were present, as were several others who had played in the band over the years. And what was that original dream, that vision that had so captivated us that we would head to the panyard three times a week and sometimes more? It was the dream that birdsong would make a dierence; that we would bring pan to the people; that, by virtue of our very presence on the campus and through our instrumentality, UWI would become the seat of pan research; that our music would be as sweet as the song of a bird; that the special brand of music we would be playing would have an everlasting impact on the society. Beholding the event of August 8, 2009 reassured us that the vision was alive. Dennis Phillip, leader aer Teddy Belgrave, has been determined, purposeful and relentless in his eort to ensure that birdsong makes that dierence. rough the creation of the birdsong Academy in 2004, the band is nally having that positive impact in our society that is crying out for organizations and people to reach out and help our youths. By providing a structured forum for young people to achieve music literacy, learn to play the national instrument as well as other conventional ones, birdsong has gone where no other steelband organization has dared to go. Birdsong has taken the lead and is deliberately using the national instrument as a medium that could restore, renew and revive Trinidad and Tobago; birdsong has achieved that vision for the music to be as sweet as the birds song; birdsong is successfully playing a brand of music that incorporates the national instrument and conventional instruments in a variety of musical idioms through the work of Raf Robertson, Richard Quarless, Terrence Sealey, Mark Hosten and others. rough the bands close association with Professor Clement Imbert, its current chairman, we can even claim to be part of the pan research that is taking place at UWI through Professor Imbert and Professor Brian Copeland. As Dennis articulated in his closing remarks at the Daaga Auditorium, the objective remains the same as it was in 1973 at Daaga Hall, we have to leave the world a little better than we met it. Jennifer Joseph is the University and Campus Librarian, based at the Alma Jordan Library, UWI St. Augustine. is 13 2009, celebrating birdsong. is year marks its fortieth anniversary.e S ong that S et Us FreeBY JENNIFER J OSEPH Founding Membere rst time the band made the national Panorama nals was in 1984, playing Mr. T, composed by Barbadian Gryner, and arranged by Corey Codrington. e band placed ninth. Jennifer Joseph played tenor. PHOTOS COUR TESY JENNIFER JOSEPH.University Librarian Jennifer Joseph on the track playing tenor bass with birdsong in 1980.
10 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 27TH JANUARY, 2013 e visit to Rutgers was one of the activities planned for my sabbatical years leave at UWI. It was a great privilege to be invited by Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, as our own history at UWI, though young by comparison, has some similarity. Today, with more than 58,000 students, distributed over ve dierent physical campuses located within New Jersey, Rutgers is one of the largest and most diverse public research universities in the nation. Women and Gender Studies and Caribbean Studies have been added to an impressive menu of scholarly oerings. e cross faculty connections that hosted my visit presented a good example of the contemporary interdisciplinarity in learning communities. My rst meeting with Puerto Rican born Y olanda Martinez-San Miguel (Professor in the Department of Latino and Hispanic Caribbean Studies, Jamaican born Professor Michelle Stephens, and Indian born Anjali Nerlekar of the Department of African, Middle Eastern and South Asian Languages and Literature threw some light on the nature of this collaboration. A relatively new programme called Critical Caribbean Studies supported by the Rutgers Presidents Oce had been initiated in 2011. is programme aimed to foster multi-disciplinary research about the Caribbean around four clusters of concern: 1) Critical Caribbean Studies, eory, and the Disciplines 3) Caribbean Aesthetics, Poetics and Politics, and 4) Caribbean Colonialities a critical revision of debates on colonialism, neocolonialism, postcolonialism and decolonial thinking. Patricia Mohammed, Professor of Gender and Cultural Studies, UWI St Augustine with Kayo Denda, H ead, Margery Somers Foster Center & Womens Studies Librarian, outside the Alexander Library, Rutgers.While we do not call what we do within our region Caribbean Studies, extracted from its geographical location, the umbrella of Critical Caribbean studies covers much of my work in lm, visuality and gender studies and that of many of my colleagues at UWI, especially those in the Humanities and Social Sciences. e weeks events comprised several dierent engagements. One was a public reception and screening where two of my lms Windows to the Past and e Sign of the Loa from the documentary series A Dierent Imagination generated a lively conversation on memory, belonging and history. Several key readings from my work had been circulated in preparation for this visit. My book, Imaging the Caribbean: Culture and Visual Translation, was a primary text in a graduate course called Caribbean Theorizing: Coloniality, Philosophy and Literature, taught by Professor Nelson Maldonado Torres and I had the pleasure of lunch and conversation with a group of graduate students from this course at the graciously appointed Rutgers Faculty Club. A second very exciting session was the Roundtable Panel in which I was joined by two other scholars, Professor Tatiana Flores (Art History and Institute for Women in the Arts, Rutgers) and Professor Aisha Khan (Anthropology, New Y ork University) as we addressed the broad theme of Approaches to Critical Caribbean Studies. Classroom visits to two courses, rst Introduction to Caribbean Studies taught by Professor Kathy Lopez and Caribbean Pluralities and Indo-Caribbean Literature taught by Professor Anjali Nelekar demonstrated the growing interest of a wide range of students, many not directly linked to the Caribbean in Caribbean studies. e Creation of N ew MythsBY P ROFESSOR P ATRICIA M OHAMMED Participants of the Roundtable: Approaches to Critical Caribbean Studies, Teleconference Lecture H all, 4th Floor, Alexander Library, Rutgers. From le: Anjali Nerlekar (Department of African, Middle Eastern and South Asian Languages and Literatures Rutgers); Tatiana Flores (Department of Latino and H ispanic Caribbean Studies); Yolanda Martnez-San Miguel (Critical Caribbean Studies Initiatives and Director, Institute for Research on Women, Latino Studies and Comparative Literature, Rutgers; Abena Busia (Department of Womens and Gender Studies, Rutgers); Patricia Mohammed (Institute for Gender and Development Studies, UWI St. Augustine); Aisha Khan (Department of Anthropology, New York University), David H ughes (Department of Geography, Rutgers). PHOTOS COUR TESY P A TRICIA MOHAMMED RESEARCH The visit allowed other academic explorations: a visit to the Mason Gross School of Arts which houses the prestigious lm programme of Rutgers; one to the Alexander Library where I was assisted by Rutgers librarian Kayo Denda for material related to my current research on Irish/ US/Caribbean migration. ere was also a chance to meet up again with Professor David Hughes a Rutgers geographer whod spent his sabbatical year at UWI. I returned to Trinidad, re-energized by the collegiality I found at Rutgers, by the generous sharing of ideas and the close and critical interrogation of my work by a group of distinguished scholars outside of the region. e exchange brought me back to a question that I had posed during my elected year as President of the Caribbean Studies Association in 2008. How do we centre the Caribbean in Caribbean Studies? e Critical Caribbean Studies Cluster at Rutgers opens up a valuable space for dialogue between scholars in the region and those who examine it from a distance, a middle ground for the meeting of perspectives and sharing of insights. Rutgers has opportunities for publishing and post doctoral visits that should appeal to Caribbean based scholars. Y olanda Martinez-San Miguel extended an invitation to manuscripts for the Rutgers University Press book series in Critical Caribbean Studies
SUNDAY 27TH JANUARY, 2013 UWI TODAY 11 In our selection of readings there were two texts that related to the visual arts, my area of expertise: the introduction to the tour de force book Imaging the Caribbean and Morality and Imagination Mythopoetics of Gender and Culture in the Caribbean The Trilogy by Professor Mohammed. Where the book constitutes an attempt to understand the Caribbean through a journey through images from the past, including some that have no discernible direct correlation to the Caribbean but are masterfully woven into the narrative nonetheless, the Mythopoetics article reads as a manifesto for the creation of images and other types of art forms in the future. In Imaging the Caribbean, we nd multiple images of the colonial encounter, including maps, representations of slavery and indentureship in various forms, the construction of the Caribbean picturesque, and the ever elusive subject of the native indigenous population that is to say, images of the Caribbeans subjects by its European colonizers in Mythopoetics Mohammed oers us ways out of what she calls the imploded world views of the Caribbean colonial experience. In this movingly utopian text, she writes: Our salvation lies in our capacity to create new and more inclusive mythologies, to move beyond the homeland myths of origin, as if return were at all possible one day, citing Earl Lovelaces proclamation that the task of the writer is to lead society out of despair, to constantly provide hope. She advocates a poetics of the transcendent, as opposed to realism and the rehashing of the familiar reductive binaries of African and European, rational self and irrational other, male and female, and tradition and modernity, in order to move these societies beyond the literalness of any single groups narrative to the melding of the historical experience which of necessity contains both the agony and ecstasy of survival. My own research cuts through the twentieth and twentyrst centuries, examining in particular the conceptualization of modernity and modernism in Latin America at the beginning of the twentieth century and also the construction and presentation of the art of the present. Earlier, it was common for writers to engage in a similar advocacy as Prof. Mohammed does in her Mythopoetics article. Artists and thinkers in Cuba, Mexico, Brazil, the Andes, and indeed throughout the region, called on like-minded individuals grappling with similar issues in their search for a collective identity to consider certain approaches, such as revalorizing the indigenous world, the rhythms of Africa, and the forms of vernacular culture in literary and artistic creations. at kind of advocacy is not at all common now. Although art in our era of globalization is more plural than it ever was before, it is also more individualistic, and the art world remains more interested in identifying individual What Binds Art and Language?BY P ROFESSOR T ATIANA FLORES RESEARCH The University of Calypso has such a charming ring to it, and the pairing with The University of the West Indies makes it irresistible, but that is not all there is to enchant about the evening of classic calypso on offer at the Learning Resource Centre at the St. Augustine Campus. Happening at 7pm on a night that is right in the middle of everything, this coming Wednesday, it promises to be an oasis. Andy Narell and Relator, two names that invoke a sense of the innovation and wit that mark true calypso will get together for a show that will feature classic calypsos by Lord Kitchener, Lord Melody, Mighty Terror, Zandolie and Relator, among others. The two have collaborated before, on a phenomenal album, University of Calypso and the 2-DVD set, Alive, of ve lms. Narell will be arranging his composition of The Last Word for birdsong Steel Orchestra for Panorama this year. Remember when he did Coffee Street for Skife Bunch back in 1999? Relator had done a marvellous medley of Kitchener tunes with Narell, and he was the perfect choice to perform these classics with the WDR big band. They will be performing with a band that includes Raf Robertson (who also teaches at the birdsong Academy) and the talented guitarist, Theron Shaw. And as if that is not enough for the night out, David Rudder and Lord Superior will also perform. Tickets for this classic concert are $250 and are limited, so call 662-3968 to order. The University of Calypso comes to The University of the West IndiesAndy Narell at the birdsong benet concert held at the National Academy for the Performing Arts (NAPA) in June 2012. PHOTO: VIBER T MEDFORD geniuses than with excavating generational or other kinds of collective narratives. Poetics has not had much of a place in the contemporary art world either. I think it has come to be seen as antiquated, relegated to a similar state of oblivion in contemporary culture as aesthetics. e most recent edition of the Sao Paulo biennial, however, which I had the great fortune to see last week, was decidedly anti-trendy and invoked poetics in full force. Indeed, its title is e Imminence of Poetics, a concept which was inspired by a conversation with none other than Homi Bhabha. Writing in the catalogue, Bhabha describes poetics in relation to language: Language never gets bogged down in reality; it hovers over the surface of the world and from that hovering height congures the making the poesis of the designs of our daily habitations and the horizons that point to our new destinations. Is this not why so many important liberatory thinkers feminist, anti-imperialist, postcolonial, ecological, gay nd their persuasive ethical values of freedom and fairness in the ight of language, its metaphoricity? Bhabha goes on to name Mart, Gandhi, Csaire, and Fanon, among others. As he continues, his commentary on the emancipatory potential of poetics resembles the power ascribed to it by Prof. Mohammed: Languages capacity for counterfactual expression and pre-gurative representation allows us the freedom to live paradoxically: to deeply identify with our embattled ways of being while envisaging, at the same time, the possibilities of reconstruction the ways and means of aliating with enlarged and inclusive conditions of life. e question to ask then, of the biennial and of Prof. Mohammed, is how do we congure the relationship between art and language? Does the image have the same liberatory possibilities as the written word? As an art historian, I nd time and time again that the word is privileged over the image, and, indeed, much of Prof. Mohammeds work is involved with justifying why images are important. Can a painting or another sort of artistic intervention have the same power as a manifesto? We nd an answer in Prof. Mohammeds writings in the following passage from the Mythopoetics article: I am attempting to link the idea of morality to the imagination, an imagination which gives primacy to the visual, to the collective unconscious of a piece of nature that we share amongst us and that has been entrusted to our preservation, and that which makes it possible for us to envisage beyond our present experience and perceptions. In the biennial, the reintroduction of poetics into the discussion of the visual arts was gratifying because it has not been a topic worthy of attention (at least in mainstream manifestations) for a long time. Since the chief curator, Luis Prez Oramas, is a poet himself, it is not surprising. As I read through Prof. Mohammeds work in Sao Paulo, I was struck by the wonderful synchronicity between her mythopoetics and the biennial. As she so rightly notes in her writings and lms, western conceptions of art have long relegated the Caribbean to a marginal status. e biennials reorientation of the art of the present towards poetics and other possible ways of seeing gives me hope that we can nd a space for the Caribbean in mainstream art discourse.
12 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 27TH JANUARY, 2013 ENERGY CAMPUS NEWS E NGINEERING HONOUR for Prof LewisProfessor Winston G. Lewis, Professor of Industrial Systems Engineering, has been elected Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). He is one of only 3179 Fellows, out of 117,503 ASME members, selected for this honour. Professor Lewis is the Deputy Dean of Graduate Studies and Research in the Faculty of Engineering. He is the immediate past Head of Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, and a former Deputy Dean of Enterprise Development and Outreach. He has also served as Deputy Dean of Undergraduate Student Aairs in the Faculty of Engineering. Professor Lewis lectures in the areas of Manufacturing, Ergonomics and Facilities Design to both Undergraduate and Graduate students. In recognition of his numerous contributions to the advancement of teaching and learning, Professor Lewis was awarded the UWI/Guardian Life of the Caribbean Premium Teaching Award in 2004. His research and development work is in the areas of Metallurgical & Industrial Engineering, Sheet Metal Forming, Manufacture of the Steelpan Musical Instrument, Applied Ergonomics, Workplace Design, Engineering Quality Management and Nano-technology. Professor Lewis is a Registered Professional Engineer and a Fellow of APETT. ASME is a not-for-profit membership organization that enables collaboration, knowledge sharing, career enrichment, and skill development across all engineering disciplines, toward a goal of helping the global engineering community develop solutions to benet lives and livelihoods. Founded in 1880 by a small group of leading industrialists, ASME has grown through the decades to include almost 120,000 members in 150 countries worldwide.Pumpkin Farmer ForumFrom farm to forkBY WEND YANN ISAAC e UWI, St Augustine, in collaboration with Mc Gill University, Canada has embarked on an ambitious project which aims at improving the nutrition and health of CARICOM populations with a systems approach to food availability, safety and quality. e four-year project: Improving the nutrition and health of Caricom populations by increased food availability and diversity through sustainable agricultural technologies, began in March 2011 and targets four Caricom territories: Trinidad, St. Kitts, St. Lucia and Guyana. e project is funded by the International Development Research Center (IDRC) and the Canadian International Development Agency through the Canadian Food Security Research Fund. e project was conceptualised with a farm to fork approach with agricultural diversication, conservation of water and the ecient use of land increasing farmer productivity and supplying the population, particularly vulnerable groups such as women and children. The research activities in this project revolve around three fundamental themes: Community nutrition and health; socioeconomic and market access, and water and land resources. e latter comprises a number of subthemes: protected agriculture and open field diversification, irrigation and water and soil conservation; small ruminant production; food safety and quality and postharvest technology. e project targets primary school children, women and small holder farmers as the agents of change, given the dominant role these groups have in inuencing household eating behaviour. is approach increases the likelihood of success in achieving food and nutrition security in the project countries. Under the subtheme protected agriculture and open eld diversication, the research team has evaluated various pumpkin varieties at the University Field Station and in collaboration with farmers from the Cunupia Farmers Association. Pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima) is an important traditional vegetable crop in Trinidad and Tobago and other Caribbean countries. It is a commodity loaded with vitamins A and E, minerals (iron, potassium, calcium and phosphorus), anti-oxidants such as leutin, xanthin, and carotenes, dietary bre and low calories. ese antioxidants decrease the risk of cardiovascular disease and lung cancer and help protect against age related eye disease. It is an important part of the local diet where it is mainly produced by small farmers. In 2004, Trinidad exported over 2200 tonnes of pumpkin which translates into substantial foreign exchange earnings. Production has since been declining. ere is a gap between actual and potential yields and hence there are opportunities for enhanced productivity through the adoption of improved varieties in the local production systems. Varieties suitable for the local market are determined by, taste and thickness of skin, whereas those suitable for the export market are the smooth skin and weight (about 25 kg). Many farmers grow pumpkins because it takes a relatively short time to produce fruits, between 3-3.5 months. Y ields are between 8,000-10,000 pounds per acre. Most farmers plant one crop in June/July and the other crop in October/November. Farmers who have access to irrigation systems can oen produce the crop year round. If pumpkins are harvested, handled and stored correctly, they can remain marketable for up to two months. e varieties under evaluation include Crapaud Back (popular local variety), Bodles Globe (new Jamaican variety) and Future NP-999 (Chinese variety). e project hosted a Pumpkin farmer forum in December, 2012 at the Frank Stockdale Building, St. Augustine Campus. e forum was opened by Dean, Faculty of Food and Agriculture, Prof Carlisle Pemberton and presenters included Dr Isabella Granderson, Dr Wendy-Ann Isaac, Dr Majeed Mohammed and Prof Neela Badrie. is forum allowed discussion on the major concerns facing the industry and share best practices in production. Farmers were also introduced to new trial varieties that would improve production. Representatives from the Agricultural Society of Trinidad and Tobago (ASTT), Cunupia Farmers Association, the National Agricultural Marketing and Development Company (NAMDEVCO), Trinidad and Tobago Agribusiness Association (TTABA), the National School Feeding Programme (NSDLS) and Ms Albada Beekham, Research Ocer from the Ministry of Food Production as well as UWI technicians and lecturers attended. ey participated in a consumer preference evaluation of ve pumpkin varieties, including three of the varieties being evaluated, Chinese squash (a new variety gaining popularity in local markets) and CES STARZ (a new variety developed by the Ministry of Food Production for the export market). ey evaluated the overall acceptability based on colour, texture, taste, sweetness and cooking quality and rated their preference for export and local markets. ey also sampled several pumpkin products including, bread, muns, cookies, patties, drinks, ice cream and soup. e Forum will be one of many planned outreach workshops to educate farmers about best practices to improve production both in scope and variety while conserving land and water. Pumpkin varieties on display from le: CES STARZ, Crapaud Back, Future NP-999, Bodles Globe and Chinese squash.PHOTOS: LEEVAUN SOLOMONParticipants in consumer sensory evaluation panel
SUNDAY 27TH JANUARY, 2013 UWI TODAY 15 ENERGY LITERATURE Students at the Couva South Government Primary School were thrilled when Methanex Trinidad Limited brought its 13 graduate trainees and vacation interns from UWI to give a faceli to the infants block and library facilities and installed state-of-the-art technology. Standard Five student Cristy Babwah said that coming to the new library makes us feel to read, discover and learn. Now we can see educational videos, use SEA soware and the new books are wonderful. Every year we challenge our vacation interns and graduates-in-training to conceptualise, plan and execute a social impact project, said Charles Percy, Managing Director and Chief Executive Ocer, of Methanex. is year they were able to transform a school, but even deeper was the transformation in the lives of the students and the volunteers themselves. Team leader, Gina Gosine, looks on as fellow members of the Methanex volunteer team interact with First-Year students in one of the renovated classrooms at the Couva South Government Primary School. PHOTO COUR TESY METHANEX Principal, Vidyawatee Lalla-Ramsammy said they were surprised because the oer was unsolicited. For two weeks in August they did all the work themselves, sometimes until very late at night. ey have made the school more alive and inspirational, especially for the infants. ey also donated a computer with projector, educational SEA soware, books, charts and a host of other resources that the entire school is benetting from. ey have changed the lives for everyone in this school community and we could never thank them enough, she said. Every aspect of the project was conceptualised by the team and implemented in accordance with their work-based training expectations. As part of the challenge, the Methanex volunteers were also responsible for raising funds for the project. e team was able to raise a record $17,000, a sum which was matched by Methanex.METH ANEX V OLUNTEERS BRIGHTEN STUDENTSFor too long, language barriers have limited the ways in which the Caribbean is read, perceived and interpreted. Border Crossings removes these barriers by ingeniously presenting all of its stories in English, French and Spanish. In this groundbreaking collection of short stories, the words of celebrated writers of the English-speaking Caribbean like Trinidad and Tobagos Shani Mootoo and Jamaicas Olive Senior stand side by side with those of storytellers from Guadeloupe, Haiti, Puerto Rico and Cuba. Edited by Dr Nicole Roberts, a lecturer in Spanish and Hispanic Literature, and Dr Elizabeth WalcottHackshaw, a senior lecturer in French and Francophone Literature, from the Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics (MLL), Faculty of Humanities and Education, UWI, St. Augustine, the anthologys oerings do not, by and large, have a comforting end. Instead, they suggest the possibilities and complexities of depicting the plurality of the Caribbean, one that is open-ended and without borders. Dr. Elizabeth Walcott-H ackshaw has published in Callaloo and Small Axe and has co-edited, with Martin Munro, two books on the H aitian Revolution: Reinterpreting the H aitian Revolution and Its Cultural Aershocks and Echoes of the H aitian Revolution 1804. H er rst collection of short stories, Four Taxis Facing North, was published in 2007. PHOTO: ABIGAIL HADEEDThe Memory of the World Committee for Latin America and the Caribbean (MOWLAC) has inscribed the Sam Selvon Collection housed at e Alma Jordan Library of e University of the West Indies, St. Augustine campus, on the regional Memory of the World register. The nomination was accepted during the Regional Meeting of MOWLAC, hosted by Trinidad and Tobago in October 2012, where the main item on the agenda was the assessment of 13 nominations of regional documentary heritage collections for possible inscription on the Regional Memory of the World Register. e Sam Selvon Collection spans the period 19481985 and consists of manuscripts of Selvons published works: poems, plays, short stories, articles and non-ction. It also contains correspondence and manuscripts of many unpublished items. e collection is signicant to the region as it provides documentary evidence of the work of an important writer who contributed to the development of Caribbean literature. In the renowned trilogy Lonely Londoners, Moses Ascending, and Moses Migrating Selvon captures class struggles; and the sociological and psychological experiences of the West Indian immigrant in Britain in the 1950s. UNESCO established the Memory of the World (MOW) Programme 20 years ago, following a growing awareness of the inadequate preservation of, and access to, documentary heritage (books, manuscripts, drawings, maps, films, etc.) in various parts of the world. The MOW Programme recognizes and maintains registers of documentary heritage of international, regional and national signicance. Trinidad and Tobago has the second largest number of collections on the international register from the Latin American and Caribbean regions, a total of six: the Derek Walcott Collection, the Eric Williams Memorial Collection, the CLR James Collection, the Registry of Slaves of the British Caribbean (1817-1834), the Constantine Collection, and the Records of the Indian Indentured Labourers of Trinidad and Tobago (1845-1917). ese collections are housed at the National Library, the National Archives and at e UWI, St. Augustine.SAM S EL V ON C OLLECTIONon Memory of the World Register PHOTO: OTTO KARMINSKIBORDER CROSSINGS:A Trilingual Anthology of Caribbean Women WritersEdited by Nicole Roberts, Elizabeth Walcott-Hackshaw ISBN: 978-976-640-251-8 Published: August 2012, UWI PressA CROSS B ORDERS Dr Nicole Roberts has published in Contexto:Revista Anual De Estudios Literarios, Journal of West Indian Literature, Small Axe and Poltica y Cultura. H er most recent publication is Main emes in Twentieth Century AfroH ispanic Poetry: A Literary Sociology. PHOTO: ROGER MCF ARLANE collection of short stories, speaking Caribbean like Trinidad and Tobagos Shani Mootoo and Jamaicas Olive Senior stand side by side Puerto Rico and Cuba.
16 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 27TH JANUARY, 2013 UWI CALENDAR of E VENTSJANUARY AUGUST 2013UWI TODA Y is printed and distributed for e University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, through the kind support of Trinidad Publishing Co Ltd, 22-24 St Vincent Street, Port of Spain, Trinidad, West Indies. ANDY NARELL & RELATOR January 30 Learning Resource Centre UWI, St. Augustine e Psychiatry Unit of the Faculty of Medical Sciences hosts Andy Narell and Relator, along with special guests David Rudder and Lord Superior, as e University of Calypso comes to The University of the West Indies. Limited advanced tickets cost $250 and include complimentary drinks & hors doeuvres. For further information and tickets, please call the POSTGRADUATE OPEN DAY February 21 UWI St. Augustine Campus An open day where you can obtain accurate postgraduate information pertaining to programmes and scholarships in order to help interested persons in advancing their personal and professional development. ere will also be the opportunity to meet expert research and teaching sta and do on-site applications. For further information on postgraduate applications JOUVAY AYITI Jouvay Ayiti is a mas camp-us: the band is a collaboration involving the Department of Creative and Festival Arts (DCFA), at e UWI. Curepe Scherzando Steelband, the Lloyd Best Institute of the West Indies and Studio 66. It winds up its programme of workshops and its Masters of the Mas series (the nal one is a tribute to Bill Trotman on 1 February at Studio 66). Its Jouvert 2013 production is Mamaguy and Pappyshow in a Family Bacchanal, with music from Scherzando. e cost is $150. For further informa tion, please email com or call 3200041. DISTINGUISHED LEADERSHIP AND INNOVATION CONFERENCE 22 March, 2013 Hyatt Regency, Trinidad e Arthur Lok Jack Graduate School of Business hosts its Distinguished Leadership and Innovation Conference featuring Marcus Buckingham, a best-selling author, leadership expert, strength strategist and founder of the Marcus Buckingham Company which specializes in the creation of tools and training to help managers and organizations access the untapped potential of their peoples strengths. To register, persons can access the registration form THE OLD YARD 3 February, 2013 UWI Department of Creative and Festival Arts Agostini St, St Augustine 11am The Old Y ard, the evolution of the Viey La Cou, is a dynamic mix of a journey into cultural history and a traditional carnival masquerade showcase within the format of a heritage fair. Set in this traditional environment, this years event features a Tobago Speech Band. For further information, please contact Roberta WORLD OF WORK 2013 INTER VIEW PREP AND NETWORKING ursday 31 January, SPEC SEMINAR Saturday 2 February, SPEC MOCK INTER VIEWS (FSA, FEng & FMS) Saturday 23 February, SPEC MOCK INTER VIEWS (FSS & FHE) Saturday 9 March, SPEC UWI DISCOVER TOURS BRAZIL 17 May-9 June INDIA 12 July 2 August Discover contemporary Brazil or India under the stewardship of e UWI. ese trips are open to sta, students, alumni and the community of tertiary institutions. UWI TODAY WANTS TO HEAR FROM YOUUWI TODA Y welcomes submissions by sta and students for publication in the paper. Please send your suggestions, comments, or articles for consideration to firstname.lastname@example.org