UWI today
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094180/00045
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Title: UWI today
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: UWI Marketing and Communications Office
Place of Publication: St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Publication Date: 11-25-2012
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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System ID: UF00094180:00046


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BOOKS 31With Farmers in Mind Smell the Soil ENTREPRENEURSHIP 03Chocolate gets a New Centre Cocoa Research DOCTORS 1822 New PhDs Proud Graduates LECTURE 30e Past is the Future Federal DreamsWHO THE CAP FITFr. Harvey craved the indulgence of the company. H e noted that when he was rst invited to accept the honorary doctorate, he had indicated to the University Registrar that he would need a large mortarboard. On the previous evening, a fellow honorary graduand told him that she had had diculty getting a good t. H is late mother used to tell him in her nal years, while stroking his large head, that she was fortunate that he was born two months premature. If he had come to term, she might have died. Fr. H arvey said that, in the early hours of the graduation morning, he awoke very uneasy about the possibility of a mortar board disaster. H e decided that he would bring along the only cap which ever t him properly a rasta cap. H e told the company that the mortarboard made him feel that he would be speaking from a compressed cranium. H e removed the mortar board and donned the rasta cap, much to the delight of the graduates. H e invited the Chancellor to substitute such a cap for the mortar board and so complete the Universitys Caribbean identity. See Page 8 for the full text of his address in this special Graduation issue with photos by Benedict Cupid.


SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 3 EDITORIAL TEAMCAMPUS P RIN CIPAL Professor Clement Sankat D IRECT O R O F MARKETIN G AND COMMUNICATI ONS Mrs. Dawn-Marie De Four-Gill D IRECT O R O F MARKETIN G AND COMMUNICATI ONS Ag.) Mrs. Wynell Gregorio EDIT OR Ms. Vaneisa Baksh C ONTACT US The UWI Marketing and Communications Ofce Tel: (868) 662-2002, exts. 82013 / 82014 Or email: uwitoday@sta.uwi.edu CAMPUS NEWS Its ocial. e UWI Cocoa Research Unit is a thing of the past, and in its place is the Cocoa Research Centre. e CRC was launched on N ovember 2, as part of the Spirit of Chocolate series of events that have been marking the 50 years since the Cocoa Research Unit emerged from the Cocoa Research Scheme that was born in 1930 under the Imperial College of Agriculture. The CRC chose the occasion of the launch at the JF K Auditorium to also present their rst signature bar, a 70% cocoa rich, dark chocolate that is worth waiting 50 years for. Although the limited rst edition was lapped up in no time at all, the CRC plans to enter the business of chocolate production and is currently exploring funding possibilities that its new status as a Centre allows it to pursue. O n that weekend, the CRC also put on a festival, Fte de la cocoa, which featured chocolate sampling, displays, tours, a storytelling session on the CRUs history, games and competitions, including a chocolate mun eating competition and the amusing balance cocoa on your head race. Fte de la cocoa, which sought to garner support for the creation of a new cocoa industry, shone light on the long history of cocoa in Trinidad and Tobago and its contribution to the world. It also highlighted the unique place that Trinidad and Tobagos cocoa occupies in the world and cocoas role in the economic diversication eorts of this country.New Chocolate Centre e Cocoa Research Centres rst foray into chocolate making: a bar worth waiting for. Principal of the St. Augustine Campus, Professor Clement Sankat congratulates Professor Pathmanathan Umaharan, Head of the Cocoa Research Centre at its launch. Onward Transformation FROM THE PRINCIPAL e winding down of a year invites reection and planning for the future. e thread that linked activities on this St. Augustine Campus over the past year has been the continuous movement to develop at all levels: physically and intellectually. During the year, two faculties emerged from the Faculty of Science and Agriculture: the Faculty of Food and Agriculture and the Faculty of Science and Technology. Another has been created in the Faculty of L aw; all in the quest to make our oerings more suited to the broadening needs of the 18,000 students currently enrolled. e Strategic Plan for 2012-2017 was approved by the University Council in April, and it favours a business model. e times call for change and the capacity to transform is what we have been working most assiduously to hone to meet the challenges of the future. e rampant demands for agility and speed in these times sometimes overlook the corresponding need for due care and considered action. O ur former Vice-Chancellor, the late Rex N ettleford, oen quipped that UWI is not a sprint, it is a marathon. ere is a balance that must be struck as we pursue our own quest for transformation. We need to learn how to do things dierently, but we also need to understand that change can be just as traumatic as it can be rewarding and we will be moving ahead mindful of the sensitivities of all concerned. But all the sensitivity in the world will not remove the imperative to keep our eyes xed on continuously improving what we do and how we do it. I am committed to that process and will be working on ensuring high quality in our curricula, our graduates, our service, our nancial status, our research, our campus enrolment, etc. We are also building a new future for our campus and university as we expand our research into Orange Grove, into the South Campus at Penal-Debe and soon into Tobago. I see research as one of our strengths that sets us far apart from our contemporaries. ere are many members of sta, Units and Centres of our University that are engaged in internationally respected research. We will continue to encourage high standards and impact for our research and recognising this through our assessment and promotions system and Research Awards for Excellence Scheme that was just initiated. It is where I plan to lead this St. Augustine Campus as we negotiate the future together. CLEME N T K. S ANKA TPro Vice Chancellor & Principal


4 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 ENERGY COMPETITIVENESS FORUM By participants accounts, the Caribbean Centre for Competitiveness (CCfC) successfully hosted the Caribbeans rst Competitiveness Forum on N ovember 5-6th at the H yatt Regency, Port of Spain. From a foreigners perspective, said M elissa M archand, M anaging Director, Global N ews M atters, the CCfC has put together a world class event. You have really started a new conversation of our greatness, our boldness, our creativity and our leadership. It is also a conversation of our responsibility in taking action if we want to see progress here in the region, she said, really summarizing what CCfC sought to do: to create an independent solutions space for accepted competitiveness challenges. To have many participants echo positive sentiments validates the eort. This forum was indeed a regional event, with participation from all four of the UWI campuses, regional businesses (large and small), policy makers and multilateral institutions. O perating from the premise that to get new outcomes we must do things dierently, the CCfC infused interactive clinics into the process. is drastically changed the rules of engagement for participants from passive observers and listeners to active discussants. is experiment proved tremendously eective and the practical recommendations coming from this will nd their way into the post forum agenda which the CCfC has committed to take to the level of implementation, by working with relevant partner stakeholders. K eynote speaker was U K entrepreneur Alex Pratt, holder of the Queens L ifetime Award for business and the author of Austerity Business: 39 tips for Doing M ore with L ess. Pratts lessons strongly resonated with participants. A NEW C O NVERSA TI O NBY INDERA SAGEWANALLIH e started as an entrepreneur at the age of seven when his longed for toy was stolen. Instead of playing victim, he set out to earn the money to replace it. By his 20s he was a millionaire. Pratt dismissed the regions victimhood mindset and challenged us to adopt a solutions attitude. If school kids today can make millions from their bedrooms in the face of daunting global competition, then the Caribbean can win in world markets.If Jamaica can foster the fastest men the world has ever seen, then it can foster more economic winners from its enterprising people. If Singapore can top the world competitiveness league, then so too could Barbados or Trinidad and Tobago. In the connected age, small is the new black. Its time to unleash a more colourful, prosperous and competitive future (for the Caribbean), was his parting shot. Vice-Chancellor of e UWI, Professor N igel H arris, noted that an increasingly borderless world both simplies and complicates development, creating challenges and opportunities for all countries, regardless of size and statue. H e acknowledged that the University must provide practical solutions by responding to emerging needs with international best practices and cutting edge solutions. H e believes that the CCfC will become a regional centre of excellence actively involved in applied research, building market-driven technical capacity in innovation and competitiveness tools and techniques, and working with the private and public sector to meet their competitiveness needs. is forum was one such response by the CCfC. The region has hosted conferences with great presentations as par for the course, but with little followup action. We can no longer aord talk for its own sake. It is time for action. e clock is running ahead of the region. Indera Sagewan-Alli is Executive Director of the Caribbean Centre for Competitiveness. For more information, please visit the website at http://uwi.edu/ccfc It is not about how we articulate commitment to improving competitiveness, but how fast we actually improve our competitiveness. Every country in the world is in this race, many already ahead of the curve. e imperative for the region is to move from rhetoric to implementation. As the CCfC moves this agenda along, it looks to the support of all major stakeholders; private, public, academia. ere is no quick x; the requisite market analysis must be done upon which competitiveness strategies must be built. is is where the CCfC will play the strongest role. Along with the Vice-Chancellor, speakers at the formal opening of the forum included Senator L arry H owai, M inister of Finance and the Economy, Trinidad and Tobago; UWIs Pro Vice-Chancellor, Planning and Development & Chairman of the CCfC, Professor Andrew Downes; Pro Vice-Chancellor and Campus Principal, UWI St. Augustine, Professor Clement Sankat; Ambassador Arthur Snell of the British H igh Commission; Ms L ouise Clement, H ead of the Canadian International Development Agency (Caribbean); Ms. Flora M ontealegre Painter, Chief of the Competitiveness, Technology and Innovation Division, Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and M rs Arlene M cComie, Permanent Secretary, M inistry of Planning and Sustainable Development, Trinidad and Tobago. CCfC hosted 200 participants in a massive brainstorming event on solutions to key competitiveness challenges facing the region, with emphasis on debottlenecking access to nancing and the Internationalization of S MEs. Amongst invited guests were the Central Bank Governor of Trinidad and Tobago, M r Jwala Rambarran, members and representatives from the diplomatic corps of Germany, USA, Japan, M exico, and Peoples Republic of China.It is not about how we articulate commitment to improving competitiveness, but how fast we actually improve our competitiveness.


SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 5 In O O ctober, e UWI Zoology M M useum (UWIZMM) helped host the annual conference of the M M useums Association of the Caribbean (MMAC) in conjunction with the N N ational M M useum and Art Gallery (NM NM AG). Delegates from 13 countries came to attend the conference, titled Collecting the Caribbean: A closer look at Collection Policy and M M anagement. e rst day of the conference, held at the NM NM AG, started with a brief tour of the collections, the highlight of which was the newly installed display of artwork by Jackie H H inkson. Several presentations followed, starting with museum consultant L L isa Dillon, from L L ord Cultural Resources, Toronto, Canada, who talked about the need for and development of a collection policy for a museum. Consultant N N igel Sadler from Sands of Time Consultancy, England had a session on documentation as part of a museums emergency plan particularly important in a region prone to hurricanes and earthquakes. e day nished with presentations by two sta members from the UWI M M ona Campus, Jamaica. First was Sherene JamesWilliamson who spoke about the UWI Geology M M useum and how she has improved the displays and instigated many projects to make it more accessible. e last speaker of the day was Suzanne Francis-Brown, curator of the brand new UWI M M useum based at the UWI Regional H H eadquarters, who spoke about the development of the museum and what she hoped for the future. e second day of the conference at the St. Augustine Campus was opened by Deputy Principal Professor Rhoda Reddock, who gave a preview of the brand new webpage for the M M useums and Collections of UWI St. Augustine. As curator of the UWIZMM, I spoke about the development of an online database for the campus collections and my work over the last three years of overseeing the cataloguing of over 5,000 objects. is was followed by Dr. Glenroy Taitt, H H ead of the West Indiana and Special Collections Division, ENERGY CAMPUS NEWSA Gathering of CollectorsByY Mi MIKeE G. Rut UTHerfERFOrd RD talking about a recent project to catalogue the Eric Williams M M emorial Collection using the new database. Finally Yasmin Baksh-Comeau, curator of the N N ational H H erbarium, told everyone about the botanical collections and how they have been curated over the years. The last day of the conference was a chance for delegates to tour some of Trinidads sights; they started at the Angostura Distillery and M M useum where they were told about the secretive manufacturing process of the world famous bitters followed by a tour of its M M useum, which contains the colourful Barcant Buttery Collection. Aer an all too brief rum-tasting session they headed down to the Indian Caribbean M M useum at Waterloo where the curator, Saisbhan Jokhan, gave them a tour aer lunch. N N ext were quick stops at the Waterloo Temple in the Sea and the H H anuman M M urti statue. e group then headed up to Caroni Swamp for a boat tour and a chance to see the national bird. Aer a light rain shower the skies cleared and the delegates were treated to a wonderful display of the scarlet ibis coming home to roost. N N ext year the M MAC conference will be hosted by the M M useum of Belize & HH ouses of Culture in Belize. Delegates on the rst day of the conference.


6 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 is is a historic moment for the Association of Commonwealth Universities. One hundred years ago, in 1912, the Inaugural Congress of the Universities of the British Empire was held in L ondon. In an upcoming book, celebrating the hundredth anniversary of the ACU entitled Universities for a N ew World (edited by Professor Deryck Schreuder), Tamson Pietsch in his chapter entitled the Universities Bureau and Congress of the Universities of the British empire (1913-1936), describes that 1912 Congress as a grand aair, where delegates who had travelled for weeks to get to Britain had a full programme of events, including tours to universities, dinners, lunch with the Prime M inister and other dignitaries and so on. Topics such as reciprocal recognition, teacher and student interchange, entrance requirements and remuneration were discussed. Reading all this was a source of some amusement because some of the same topics that exercised vice-chancellors and their academics at that time remain with us today. It was out of that Congress that a decision to form a Bureau was made, and in the next year, in January 1913, the Universities Bureau of the British Empire was established. It is this Bureau that is the predecessor of the Association of Commonwealth Universities and this meeting will kick o a year of celebration of the many contributions made over the past century to people of the Commonwealth by our organisation. at the ACU has survived the epochal changes of the last century is a considerable achievement. In addition to technological advancements, changes in life style and life expectancy, the last century has witnessed massive geopolitical shis in power. It has been argued that the changes of the last century have been more profound than all of previous human history. O ne important advance is that vast sectors of the world have gained access to education and we are riding the crest of a global revolution that aims to make primary and secondary education universal, and to enable entrance of a majority of these people into some form of post-secondary education. In the English-speaking Caribbean, the rst full-edged university was established only in 1948 it was this one, e University of the West Indies established here in Jamaica at this M ona site. In those early post World War II years, universities were also founded in many parts of Africa, India, Pakistan and South-east Asia in anticipation of the end of the British Empire. ose newly established universities, like their counterparts in the UK and industrialised dominions of the British Commonwealth catered only to a small elite. Today, all that has changed. The rapid pace of technological advances in a globe dominated by the ethos of market capitalism and competition, in which competitive advantage is driven by knowledge creation and capacity has resulted in countries investing in new universities and the expansion of university enrolments and both have grown at an astounding rate. ese circumstances have themselves changed the environment in which universities operate and the expectations of them. Governments, students and their families as well as the private sector and public in general are demanding programmes that are more aligned with workplace needs. Driven by hopes of advantage in commerce and the need for evidence-driven assistance in policy making, applied research is now favoured over more basic, abstract investigation. As competition for students has intensied, public relations and marketing departments are becoming as prevalent in publicly funded not-for-prot institutions as they are in their for prot competitors. It is precisely in these circumstances that the theme of this Conference University Rankings and Benchmarking: do they really matter? becomes vitally important. M ost of us are asking ourselves how we might better measure up to the needs of our stakeholders and indeed, what are the measures and deliverables that can best demonstrate value. The larger universities in more industrialised nations may count global ranking as a measure of their standing, but this does not necessarily answer the question of whether true value is provided to their communities. For the vast majority of universities, particularly in the developing world, the possibility of winning a place in the rst 500 is unlikely, but they too must nd some means of quantitatively assessing their own productivity, either by internally derived measures or by benchmarking themselves against other institutions nationally, regionally or globally. O ur institutions are struggling to dene productivity and value to their communities by measures that do not rely on publications in journals such as Science and N ature, or on assessments by peers from elite universities. I hope this conference can provide us with new insights into these questions and that the ACU can build on these presentations to provide guidance in dening and measuring productivity in the diverse settings in which Commonwealth Universities operate. ese remarks were made by Professor Nigel Harris, Vice Chancellor, The UWI at the opening ceremony of the Association of Commonwealth Universities 2012 Conference of Executive Heads at Mona, Kingston in November.How Do We Measure True Value?BY P R O FESSO R NIGEL HARRIS, VICECH AN CELLO R THE UWI ENERGY CONFERENCE OF THE ASSOCIATION OF COMMONWEALTH UNIVERSITIESe larger universities in more industrialised nations may count global ranking as a measure of their standing, but this does not necessarily answer the question of whether true value is provided to their communities.


SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 7 ENERGY CONFERENCE OF THE ASSOCIATION OF COMMONWEALTH UNIVERSITIES ere can be no doubt that a primary purpose of higher education in our society is to equip learners to engage critical thinking and develop practical skills. Both tasks must enhance quality leadership that enables eective problemsolving in society. To solve complex societal problems, higher education must take account of social responsiveness. at means, ensuring that our universities address major social challenges. It means they must engage meaningfully with communities. e task of social responsiveness also involves sensible allocation of university resources to research: Put another way, we cannot evolve or contemplate a relevant university ranking system unless it is aligned to the capacity building role of higher education in our region and elsewhere. Whether or not university rankings matter, we should be sceptical of those benchmarks that do not take into account the risks or threats of brain drain. e performance and contributions and ranking of, for example, The University of the West Indies, could be grossly under-rated unless account is taken of persistent leakage of its highly trained graduates. is migration of trained capacity is not merely a UWI problem. It is a regional problem; a problem of developing countries. So we must take the surrounding situation into account when we rank universities. But university ranking must relate to broader issues of problem solving. In practical terms, our universities would be ranked by their capacity to address core problems in our time. eir focus on high quality teaching and research must lead to critical thinking, innovation and strategies that bring solutions to societal problems. In short, external ranking systems should not dictate our university policy. Caribbean and other new universities should be ranked by society. M ay I also suggest that one of our most urgent university and societal needs relates to securing better quality among the growing quantity of universities, particularly in our region. Equally, there is need to enable better pooling of privatepublic skills and resources in the education sector. L ikewise, we think that credible quality assurance mechanisms would push us towards post-modern university status. At the societal level, the immediate challenges to be confronted include industries, including the cultural and creative sectors which can yield great economic and developmental LR Prof. E. Nigel Harris, V ice Chancellor, UWI; M ost Hon. Portia Simpson-Miller, Prime Minister of Jamaica; Sir David King, Director, Smith School for E nterprise & E nvironment, University of O xford and Prof. John W ood, Secretary General, Association of Commonwealth Universities following the opening ceremony of the ACU 2012 Conference of E xecutive Heads at the UWI Regional Headquarters in Kingston in November. relations and networks. Yet, we must act together to solve such problems. To be sure, Jamaica and other Caricom states are anxious for meaningful responses. H ere, at least, my Government has taken some steps to build certain responsive institutions. anticipate and deal with the changing and unpredictable weather patterns. with the mandate to raise standards in the tertiary sector. formed to examine, among other things, the training needs to facilitate development of those industries. mechanisms by which universities operate in society. Partly these steps are intended to correct imbalances in the competition within the higher education sector. Jamaicas general education policy addresses issues and standards such as quality and equity, networks and partnerships of creative cooperation across the system. I urge you to understand that this is not a self-serving account. Rather, it represents a call for help from our universities; a call for stronger public-private partnerships that recognize and solve societal problems. It is when our universities become involved in such partnerships that they should be highly ranked and be deemed as becoming world-class. Yet, that is not enough. O ur universities must continue to discharge their traditional functions of excellence in teaching and research while responding to the developmental needs and circumstances of context. O ur universities must also be student-centred and focus heavily on student engagement. Firstly, we celebrate the Association of Commonwealth Universities for its vision and the bright standards of its performance over many years. In particular, we recognize the ACU for its focus on themes that assist universities in its jurisdictions to achieve world-class standing. at contribution now has worldwide resonance. Further, we are grateful to all involved for bringing this important conference to Jamaica. We welcome any occasion that holds prospects for promoting the Jamaican brand. Secondly, the idea of assessing and ranking and benchmarking universities is appealing. e real meaning and ecacy of that process would rest in the ability to bring needed transformation to societies through higher education. In other words, for us, the ranking standards must be indexed against the needs, circumstances and conditions of particular contexts. We understand that programmes of university ranking are one way of animating the academy towards remaining relevant. To be relevant, Government, the private and notfor-prot sectors, and all stakeholders must enable our universities to focus on creating knowledge, promoting engaged leadership and citizenship, as well as building real capacities for problem solving. e fact is any country, if it is to become and remain strong, must have a strong university base. ere is another message for regional universities and governments here. e world-class vision of our universities may not be immediately possible within existing institutional silos. O perating within the existing framework may appear inecient, wasteful and costly. It evidently weakens our universities capacity to compete. Did I hear a prominent voice in the local tertiary sector advocating for a single regional university system? M y own view is that there is a case for optimism. It is something to think about. L et the debate begin. is is an excerpt from an address by Jamaicas Prime Minister, Portia Simpson Miller, to the Conference of the Association of Commonwealth Universities, themed University Rankings and Benchmarking: Do ey Matter? held at the Mona Campus, UWI in November. Overcoming Challenges in Higher EducationBY P RIME MINISTER PO RTIA S IMPSONMILLER J AMAICA


8 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 ENERGY HONORARY GRADUATE ADDRESS: CLYDE MARTIN HARVEYHuman and Citizen M y mandate this morning is not to thank the University for this award, although I am very grateful, though apprehensive about the honour. M y mandate from Principal Sankat is to speak to the graduating class for not more than ten minutes. anks be to God, no more than ten minutes. I want to begin with two sets of questions. Firstly, how many of you are human? Especially aer three or four years at St. Augustine? H ow many of you have reected long and deeply enough to be able to know whether the experience of university education has made you more or less human? H ow many of you, having looked at yourself at this stage of your lives, are clear that you are human, but have no intention of ever being humane? e second set of questions is how many of you consider yourselves citizens of your native or adopted land? Do you have a deeper and clearer sense of what such citizenship means at this stage of your tertiary education? H ow many of you have a committed sense of being a citizen because you have benetted from free, subsidized or scholarship education? Do you have any sense of connection or obligation to the citizens and the state which made this education possible? M y young and not-so-young friends, I ask you, as you graduate this morning, to hold two words in your hearts and minds today and for the rest of your lives HU MAN and CITIZEN. Are you a human being? Will you be a good citizen of Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, St. L ucia, and Dominica, a faithful son or daughter of the Caribbean? To be human is more than a biological given. Some of you will have already experienced enough of the ecstasy or the pain of your bodily existence to know that you are more than your body. ree things distinguish us from other species: self-consciousness, choice and the moral imperative which ows from this, and our capacity for creative relationship with our environment, with the other and with the Transcendent. You who have studied the humanities ought to have developed a deeper consciousness of the complexity of being human, of the mysteriousness of every human being, especially as revealed through great literature, universal and West Indian. I hope that these studies have expanded your horizons in such a way that you will always stand in awe before common vision of what is best for us as human beings, of what qualities we expect in the best human being. e discourses about our socio-political life falter all the time because we have no agreement as to what we understand about human being, what our society should see as its fruit. Whenever I observe violent, disruptive behaviour on the streets or view it on the television, whether it happens in our underprivileged areas or in the hotspot to which Parliament itself is sometimes reduced, such behaviour in word or deed speaks of a lack of respect for self and for the other as well as deep wounds in individuals and groups which N u Respect does not heal. Violence and boisterousness trump reason and dialogue most times. Anger seems to become more and more acceptable in our relationships even when it leads to violence, even against our own children. Yet it is the very antithesis of full humanity. Can the class of 2012 be the harbingers of a new humanity as you take your places in your families, in the workplace, and in the halls of power throughout the land? Can you be honest about your own dysfunctions so that you do not dump it on others in your search for recognition or acceptance? Such honesty draws us beyond self-consciousness to self-transcendence. For me as a Christian, it draws us to God in Christ. For others, to Brahman, to Allah, to O lodumare, to who or whatever we consider to be the ultimate source of our deepest fullment. BE HU MAN! To be human must also mean to have a sense of humour. Archbishop Anthony Pantin of revered memory always used to say, You cant be a saint without a sense of humour. I say to you, you cant be human without a sense of humour. Especially, you have to be able to laugh at yourself. When I went to tell the Archbishop that I had completed my undergraduate studies at UWI and was ready to move on, he said to me, So now you have your BA? Remember that BA can mean Bachelor of Arts. Clyde, it can also mean Big A double S and we all have the potential to be both. We both had a good laugh. H e was one of my mentors. I could not resist the question, Does that mean you do not want me to do my MA? To which he replied, It would have to be yours, not mine. Be H uman! L augh at yourself oen. the wonder of your own humanity and the humanity of others. Yet we live in a reductionist world. M any of our human interactions are being commercialised. For years now, our leaders have betrayed us by throwing money at both our problems and our successes and hoping that that will suce. I have never forgotten a line which I heard in a junior calypso contest several years ago, If we dont know how to go deep, deep, deep, we will never scale to de heights. Scaling to the heights invites us to have some FR. CL YD E MAR TIN HAR VEY


SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 9 You are also called to be Citizens. e idea of citizenship takes us back to ancient Rome. A citizen was basically someone who was not a slave. In 1976, we said to the world that we wanted to be no longer subjects of a monarch, but rather citizens of a Republic. e French were very clear about the principles of the Republic, libert, galit, fraternit. I would like to translate that today as freedom, equality, community. M y generation has tended to take these for granted as we wallowed in oil and gas. Your generation must see these as tasks yet to be achieved in law and in life. ere can be no freedom without responsibility, no equality without justice and no community without respect. Even if achieved, none of that will endure unless there are citizens willing to promote and defend them. Archbishop Rowan Williams, soon to demit oce as Archbishop of Canterbury, once said that a good citizen has a good nose, a certain instinct for the dishonest, the shabby, the evasive in public life. e good citizen picks up the scent readily and acts in defence of freedom, equality and community. H ow is your nose? Is it only about food, pleasure and self-interest? O r will you live your life responsibly, justly and with respect for all? If you are at all aware of the state of this nation, and I dare suggest of other islands as well, one of the daunting tasks awaiting you is to play your part as citizens in the restoration or reformation of every major institution in our society. A word to the citizen-teachers who will enter the classrooms of the nation: We hope that you will be more deeply human and humane than the average citizen. Yours is the greatest burden for the future of our society. People love to speak about how bad, how dicult our young people are. ey are just dierent. ey are certainly dierent from my generation. I suspect that they are also dierent from you. See the mystery that is each one of them. Reverence them even as you seek to engage them. Find in yourself the courage, the faithfulness, never to give up on anyone who is given to you as mentor and friend. So, my dear graduates. Be H uman. Be Citizen. O ur country, this region needs human and humane citizens more than ever. I was a young St. M arys College student singing in the N ational Childrens choir at the O val on the eve of Independence. Today, I look back on the past 50 years with gratitude for all the opportunities which this nation has given me, for the history which has shaped me; of which history this university has been an integral part. Fiy years from now, when Trinidad and Tobago celebrates its centenary, I pray that your own life experiences will enable you to know a similar sense of gratitude and deeper commitment. There will be one big difference. It has been customary to say to graduates: e world awaits you. Todays world is waiting for no one. e future comes at us faster than ever. e world is not waiting for you to develop or transform it. It will transform you even as it develops in ways beyond your imagining. M ay you be so deeply human, so engaged as a citizen that the transformation and development will be mutual. In such an experience, you will nd your destiny and your joy. God bless you. I thank you. is address was delivered on October 27 to the graduating class of the Faculty of Humanities and Education.


10 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 Avoid your comfort zone tell truth to power L et me talk a bit about the comfort zone. You can easily become the victim of circumstance, the victim of other peoples expectations, even the victim of privilege. You can take the rst job that comes your way. You can decide that Trinidad and Tobago is the centre of the universe and not pursue opportunities to work in world renowned centres of excellence, where you will be challenged. You can short-sightedly insulate yourself from world-class competition. e alternative is to become your own hero, create your own dreams, and persistently pursue your true calling even if it means going to the ends of the world. FULL TEXT AVAILABLE ONLINE AT http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/default.aspe explosion of data does not always equate to wisdom, and wisdom will always need the moderation of expertise, experience and responsibility, attributes that you graduates bring to the table. Weve all heard of mauvais langue, a penchant for gossip, for spreading lies, hearsay, or in my world as a journalist, to report a story without the full set of facts, a half-story if you will. It is something my grandmother warned me about. We see examples of this every day, especially right now as our politicians duel with one another, spinning and tailoring facts to suit their purposes and intentionally and inadvertently misleading and misdirecting the electorate. FULL TEXT AVAILABLE ONLINE AT http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/default.asp ENERGY ENERGY HONORARY GRADUATE ADDRESS: MICHAEL MANSOOR HONORARY GRADUATE ADDRESS: DAVAN MAHARAJ


SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 11 take science to the people Your personal brand Live the other life In 1979, some years aer graduating, I joined the newly established NIHERST the N ational Institute for H igher Education, Research, Science and Technology. A big part of the NIHERST mandate is to promote and develop Trinidad and Tobagos capacity in science and technology. O ur main focus in the 1980s was to fund research and development projects, in sectors that were of importance to national development. at emphasis on R&D and innovation is an even greater imperative today, with the increasing pressure to diversify our economy and compete in knowledge-driven global markets. FULL TEXT AVAILABLE ONLINE AT http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/default.aspDream of a country where infrastructure, roads, telecommunications, ports, etc. are developed which enable citizens to enjoy a quality life, enjoy their beautiful Trinidad and Tobago and make protable business. is is the fundamental responsibility of the society to which you belong. Play your part. Dream of a country where there is teamwork and collaboration that optimize human resources and artistic and intellectual talents. is is the foundation of our future. Dream of a country that has mutual respect for each other, the laws and the environment and litter not on these. FULL TEXT AVAILABLE ONLINE AT http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/default.aspI have two degrees in engineering and although it is my eld of endeavour in a professional and career sense, I am only a small dot in that sphere, as there are hundreds of engineers who hold down jobs at the highest level in their respective areas. e University of the West Indies honours me today not because as an engineer I have shaken up the world, or have created anything that I could patent and sell to the world and make the richlist of Forbes magazine, but because I have pursued a life outside of engineering. FULL TEXT AVAILABLE ONLINE AT http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/default.asp ENERGY ENERGY ENERGY HONORARY GRADUATE ADDRESS: MAUREEN MANCHOUCK HONORARY GRADUATE ADDRESS: RONALD HARFORD HONORARY GRADUATE ADDRESS: DEOKINANAN SHARMA


12 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 An evergreen dragon Pioneer of print Chancellor, people have been reading newspapers for 400 years; for 300 of those years the papers have been written in the English language. H ere in Trinidad and Tobago people have been reading newspapers for 95 years, and for the last 25 of those, the local newspapers have been edited by the indomitable erese M ills. Among those who practise the art of writing, we are told that journalists are the professionals who enjoy the most intimate relationship with society. Ms M ills relationship with our society spans 55 years. It has not always been a womans world. So imagine what it took for one born in the 1920s to rise to the top of her profession. One can guess that such a groundbreaking ascent would have required courage, commitment and perhaps even some small quantum of cunning! ese personal and social virtues notwithstanding, pale in comparison to her prodigious use and natural gi for the pen. She has authored three books for young readers: Great West Indians, L ife of N orman M anley and e Caneeld Fire. H er prolic pen has also produced nine volumes for children. Two other publications were commissioned and published by the M inistry of Education for instruction in schools across the country: Peggy in Santa Cruz and Ramesh of El Socorro. In 1989, erese M ills assumed the mantle as Editor-inChief of the countrys long established daily newspaper, the ENERGY ENERGY HONORARY GRADUATE CITATION: ALLOY R. LEQUAY HONORARY GRADUATE CITATION: THERESE MILLSGuardian having worked her way up from feature writer, senior feature writer, news editor and Sunday edition editor. For the last two decades she has been at the helm of another leading daily, the N ewsday, for which she has been founding Editor and director. e path she has carved out has paved the way for the current vibrant role and leadership that women now exert in the industry in other words: a small step for erese M ills has produced a giant leap for womankind. roughout her productive career, M rs M ills has covered events ranging from the Commonwealth H eads of Government conferences, to US presidential elections, to Grenadas political turmoil surrounding the upheaval of O ctober 1983. H er work has been recognised by numerous awards including the Caribbean Publishing and Broadcasting Associations M ost O utstanding Award for Caribbean Journalists, which she had received for three successive years. In 1987, she was honoured by the Republic with the H umming Bird M edal for Service to journalism. Chancellor, for her pioneering role in local and regional journalism, I now present erese M ills and invite you, by the authority vested in you by the Council and Senate of e University of the West Indies, to confer upon her the degree of Doctor of L etters, honoris causa. No creature more dominates Chinese folklore and mythology than does the dragon. It symbolizes power, virtue, honour, industry and excellence. And no other man has for longer or to a greater degree dominated the sporting and socio-cultural landscape in Trinidad and Tobago than Alloy Regimus L equay. One might say he is an evergreen dragon. At age 20, he had already founded the O xford Club San Fernando. At 30, he was General Secretary to the Trinidad and Tobago Table Tennis Association; at 40, President of the Rahamut Cricket Cups Competition; at 50, Chief Delegate of the Trinidad and Tobago Table Tennis Team to China; at 70, on the West Indies Cricket Board of Control; at 80, Chief Executive Ocer of the Trinidad and Tobago Cricket Board and now on the verge of 90, we are here to celebrate him with our Universitys highest honour. What about at age 60, you might inquire? Well, at 60 he was simply holding strain. e Dragons perspective is always broad and with a large and all-encompassing world view. It was easy for him, therefore, to look towards ancient Greece and put sport at the epicentre of his existence and as a means to a successful and productive life. What is more, he had an innate understanding of the value of sport as a vehicle for social transformation. But this was not enough. H is skills as an organizer and motivator, which he so successfully deployed in sport, quite naturally launched him into national politics. H e was elected M ember of Parliament for South N aparima in the general elections of 1966, was later twice nominated to serve as Senator of our Republic and then chaired the evanescent but idealistic N ational Alliance for Reconstruction. Alloy L equay has published his lifes work in an autobiography entitled Winning Against e Tide and his tales of struggle and conquest in three other volumes leave a rich legacy for future dragons. H is work has been ocially recognized with numerous awards, including the Chaconia M edal Gold, the M illennium Award for Sport Administration as well as the Stollmeyer M edal for Sport Administration for which he was its rst recipient. Chancellor, I invite you to invoke the authority vested in you by the Council and the Senate of e University of the West Indies and confer upon this dragon, Alloy Regimus L equay, the degree of Doctors of L aws, honoris causa.


14 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 I am always pleased to see so many persons beside the graduands at these ceremonies as it is a welcome indication of interest in the University and the manner in which we mark and celebrate the progress, especially of the young people entrusted to our care. All graduations are special to us even though they occur annually. ey are times of reection and congratulation on achievement. ere are sometimes moments of sweet sadness as friendships that have been fashioned and nurtured over the years seem to be coming to an end. But I can assure you, young graduands, that the friendships formed at the University are among the most durable you will ever make. But this year is special. is is the ieth year of the independence of Trinidad and Tobago and it also represents 50 years since we ceased being the University College of the West Indies, a College of L ondon University and became the independent University of the West Indies. is Campus, which a year ago celebrated its own jubilee, has marked the anniversary of the Independence of Trinidad and Tobago in many ways. I was taken by the tree-planting ceremony with its symbolism of growth and continuity. e Alma Jordan L ibrary mounted an impressive display entitled Forging the N ations Identity: Trinidad and Tobago in 1962. C O TE, the annual economics conference, focused on the theme 50 years of M anaging for Development in an Ever Changing Economic Environment: L essons learnt and the way forward, and these are only a few of the events which have signalled our commitment to accompanying this country and helping it to realize its development objectives. M y own reection on these two anniversaries takes me back to some of the events that marked the birth of these two entities and to ponder on how their paths are intertwined. Dr Eric Williams, as the rst Prime M inister of the newly independent country, spoke to the nation on the rst day of independence and charged the citizens to see that the small new nation played its part in international aairs and insisted that their rst responsibility was the promotion and protection of their democracy which meant more than just the right to vote. H e called on them to live up to the slogan Discipline, Production and Tolerance. H e could well have been formulating a slogan for the new University as these are characteristics that should embrace what ought to be part of the academic credo discipline of thought and practice, production of new knowledge and the tolerance of disparate views. ENERGY UWI GRADUATION CEREMONIES 2012CHANCELLOR GEORGE ALLEYNE ADDRESSCelebrating the Fiftieth Dr Williams also spoke at the rst graduation ceremony of our new University and his words have echoed with me ever since I heard them. I quote him: University came on the scene too late. In conception it was too narrow. It was too rapidly overtaken by the political evolution in the area it served. It grew too slowly. Its period of tutelage lasted too long, but that chequered career, ladies and gentlemen is now behind us. H e returned to theme of democracy and said: the goal of the university in this world in which we live should be a university symbolic of the democratic freedoms in the entire Caribbean area. As I examine the progress and development of our University, of its deliberate eorts to be inclusive, open to and responsive to the several critical comments it receives, internally and externally, I wish to believe that we are striving to be symbolic of Caribbean democratic freedoms. Dr Williams obviously could not have imagined the changes that would take place in the past 50 years and how the forces of globalization would sometimes nip away at the democracy he prized and how those forces would force small countries to examine carefully their traditional factors of production. In spite of the presence of natural resources, or perhaps because of them, there would be increasing dependence on knowledge workers for the kind of production he might have welcomed. is knowledge economy will require much more attention to those products which are the quintessential stock in trade of our University. I refer to the established ladder of data, information and knowledge all the output of research. us, I was enormously pleased to read a presentation given by our Principal, Professor Clement Sankat, to the 5th Geological Conference of the Geological Society of Trinidad and Tobago (GSTT) entitled Towards a R&D Culture in Trinidad and Tobago. H e emphasized what is clearly an important issue for Trinidad and Tobago in its next 50 years in that it will have to harness the research of our Universities and take advantage of the innovations that derive from them. I referred to this topic at Cave H ill and pointed out that the University, business and government can and must be intertwined and closely engaged to represent a triple helix of innovation. e possibility of this occurring here is enhanced by the creation of the R&D Impact Fund which I hope will deliberately and intentionally involve ere is no shortage of new discoveries in our University and no shortage of possibilities for entrepreneurship and innovation.


SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 15 the business sector as an active and equal partner. e fund has been established to support research in six areas: climate change and environmental issues; crime, violence and citizen security; economic diversication and sector competitiveness; finance and entrepreneurship; public health and nally technology and society. ere can be innovation in all of these areas, and because innovation is always a product of entrepreneurship, I would propose that it should be possible to nd entrepreneurial activity in each of the six areas. ere is growing realization in the developed world that the Universities, especially the research Universities such as we aspire to be, must become entrepreneurial institutions or rather institutions that stimulate and value entrepreneurship. According to the management guru, Peter Drucker, innovation is the specic function of entrepreneurship. e issue is how entrepreneurs create new value from existing resources or create new resources. This will become easier as the information revolution puts the best of it at the disposal of vast numbers of people through the internet and information access becomes more and more democratized. It is said that the English language Wikipedia has four million articles, 2.5 billion words and is 50 times the size of the largest encyclopaedia, Encyclopaedia Britannica. Part of the problem we face in universities is the belief that entrepreneurship relates only to the commercialization of knowledge and somehow this is contrary to the seless pursuit of knowledge for its own sake. is thinking smacks of the ideas of Cardinal N ewman and is not appropriate for the modern academy. Entrepreneurship can be found in all parts of academia and is complementary to the critical thinking that is or should be our norm. us I was pleased to learn that Principal Sankat organized for the rst time this year an entrepreneurship boot-camp in which persons from various disciplines were introduced to the need for this way of thinking about change. I wish to thank the N ational Entrepreneurship Development Co. L td. ( N EDC O ) for supporting this development and hope it becomes a regular feature of Campus life. I also noted the UWI/WIP O Seminar on the management of intellectual property. I hope this kind of thinking will so permeate the University that every student will know the elements of a business plan before graduating. ere is no shortage of new discoveries in our University and no shortage of possibilities for entrepreneurship and innovation. I wonder how many of you know the story of research on peppers yes, peppers, done here. I learnt from an article in UWI Today the excellent campus magazine, entitled Two Trini peppers battle for hottest title. e pepper called the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper captured the title of the hottest pepper in the world in 2011. But a few months ago the Trinidad M oruga Scorpion pepper set a Guinness World record for hotness. It was about seven times hotter than the average chilli pepper. So Trinidad and Tobago has not only the worlds champion javelin thrower, it also has the worlds hottest pepper! It is research done here that has traced the origins of these strains of peppers and is pointing towards developing high-yielding disease-resistant varieties that can aect the world market, which 10 years ago was worth about US$1.76 billion. It will need the other two strands of the helix business and government to ensure that this new knowledge does generate the kind of economic value proposition that benets the Trinidadian pepper growers. I was also pleased to learn that one of this campus outstanding Units, the Cocoa Research Unit, is celebrating its 50th anniversary, although its legacy goes back to 1930 as the Cocoa Research Scheme and it has supported cocoa not only in this country, but globally as well. It is the custodian of the International Cocoa Genebank, the largest and most diverse collection of cocoa in the world. is collection consists of over 2,400 varieties of cocoa and the germplasm and information regarding the varieties are shared with the worlds cocoa producing countries. It supports local, regional and international training and research. I am told that Trinidadian chocolate from local cocoa is among the nest in the world. Research and innovation are the stock in trade of universities and other institutions of higher education and there is frequent debate as to the attitude of e University of the West Indies to the development of other institutions of higher education in the region. I have stated oen that UWI welcomes the growth of higher education in the Caribbean especially indigenous institutions. UWI cannot and must not try to provide all the trained persons needed. I was pleased to see our Vice-Chancellor proposing a profound analysis of tertiary education in the region with a view to rationalizing the varied oerings. In this context I have two main concerns. First, I look to the day when there will be in fact a functioning Caribbean system for accreditation of all such institutions. e second concern is with what is called academic dri, which refers to the tendency to change the focus of institutions particularly concerned with technical and vocational training to becoming institutions that embrace the full range of academic disciplines. I believe that dierentiated educational systems can provide for students with dierent and varied skill sets and aptitudes and offer them a successful life. A Brazilian professor commented to me recently with special reference to his country, of course, that academic diversity is critical for all societies. It oers dierent alternatives for entry into higher education and indeed, favours social mobility. I sincerely hope that our countries resolutely resist the temptation to create and sustain one single category of higher education, but instead pursue the more functional and nationally appropriate diversied system. is is to the benet of the country and the young people it incorporates into its trained workforce. An impressive number of young persons are leaving us for this workforce. ere are 3,643 graduates this year, with one-third coming from the Social Sciences. ere are 2,710 with rst degrees and 933 with higher degrees; 168 of the rst degrees are graduating with rst class honours and 13 with distinction, while 617 of the higher degrees have achieved distinctions. We should congratulate them warmly on this achievement. I think it is impressive that over the past 10 years this campus has graduated 23,560 students with rst degrees. I think our faculty should be congratulated for this. e total enrolment at this campus stands at about 18,000 and these come from 16 Caricom countries and there are 36 other nationalities represented on campus, but nationals of Trinidad and Tobago account for 92% of the students here. I am pleased to note that as in other years, UWI is the preferred place of study for the scholarship winners from Trinidad and Tobago. is year, of the 372 government scholarship winners, 64 % are registered at St Augustine. I am grateful to those institutions, both domestic and international which have made grants to the campus this year. e largest partner has been the European UnionACP Caribbean with grants to the Faculty of Science and Agriculture totalling just under one million Euros. You will be pleased to know that work is proceeding apace on the new South Campus in Penal/Debe and the projected completion date is February 2014. The new Teaching and L earning Complex is scheduled for occupation early next year. Several of our current or former sta received national honours in 2012, these included Dr H amid Ghany, former Dean of Social Science, retired Professors Selwyn Ryan and John la Guerre who received the Chaconia M edal (Gold). It was gratifying to see so many of our sta receiving the NIHERST Awards for Science and Technology and I wish to congratulate them on receiving this recognition for their contribution in their respective elds. L et me now congratulate you young graduands and make a request I make every year to you. I do not wish to put it too strongly, but you have an irrevocable responsibility to this University. ere are some who would wish to deny it, but contribution of the people of the Caribbean and specically those of this country to your education to date is a fact of which you must be cognizant. e principal return I ask of you is that you be good ambassadors for the institution and join those of your alumni who continue to make us proud and certainly make me proud to say that I am a graduate of this institution. Please get to know your alumni organization and please continue to show interest in what is done here. I also wish to thank your parents and loved ones who join with you here in the celebration of this passage. I hope they are pleased with you and share with us of the administration some of the pride we feel at seeing another group of young men and women take up the challenges of a new kind of life. We like to think that they are much better equipped because of the tools they have acquired here.UWI is the preferred place of study for the scholarship winners from Trinidad and Tobago. is year, of the 372 government scholarship winners, 64 % are registered at St Augustine.


18 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 ermal performance of a simultaneous charging and discharging packed bed energy storage system AD EYANJU ANTH O NY AD EMOL Ae study is focused on a system which provides an uninterrupted continuous supply of energy in the absence of or availability of solar energy using concrete storage medium. Concrete storage is a regenerative storage concept where the storage module is cyclically passed through by a hot and cold heat transfer uid. A tubular heat exchanger with a dened tube pitch is imbedded in the storage concrete for conducting the heat transfer uid in simultaneous charging and discharging mode. e technology is applicable for solar trough plants, industrial waste heat, poultry brooding and combined heat and power systems.Sign language used in the Caribbean KEREN CU MB ERBA T CHSign languages around the world are not the same. M y thesis is the rst scientic description of a sign language used in the Caribbean. e thesis identied and explained the rules governing Jamaican Sign L anguage (JS L). ese rules include how JS L signs are made, how words behave, and how noun phrases, verb phrases and simple sentences are structured. e thesis validates JS L as a language. Since sign languages in the English-speaking Caribbean are closely related to each other, the thesis can be used to create much needed educational material for deaf education in Jamaica and throughout the Caribbean.e Mitigation of Industrial Disasters in the Caribbean with respect to the rapid growth of the Chemical Industry RO GER DEOSmall island developing states are more vulnerable to the eects of industrial accidents. A soware package was created to simulate and predict the eects of res, explosions and toxic releases on small island states. A number of release scenarios were simulated, and the physical and consequential eects were then analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. e scenarios were examined further to determine the response times, available response options, magnitude of the physical eects and available mitigation measures. e information generated was useful for the evaluation of risk, planning for future industrial developments and the development of strategies in mitigating possible accidents.e Folie Construct in the works of Francophone Caribbean writer, Gisle Pineau S HAR O N ROS L YN MANSINGHD UBAYW hile politically-charged male writings of the Francophone Caribbean explore slavery, colonization, and departmentalization as a legacy promoting morbidity and collective decadence, a glaring silence shrouds the impact of history on the female identity construction. e distinctive psychoanalytical discourse of Guadeloupian female writer Gisle Pineau, however, plunges readers into the machinations of the deant female psyche that transgresses rigid normative behavioural codes of insular Antillean society. is work (re)denes female sexual deviance, acts of violence, and self-alienation as therapeutic resistance or folie against Antillean male machismo and resignation. e thesis on folie culminates in an aesthetic investigation of Crole poetics and the Pineaulian numerical subtext. UWI GRADUATION CEREMONIES 2012: POSTGRADUATES T he role of cholesterol in A lzheimers Disease; techniques for drying papaya and pumpkin purees; the lovely basil plant; what drives customers knowledge; emotional exhaustion; heavy metals in cocoa, renal dietetics management, depression, H IV / AI DS and many other areas were the subjects of dissertations that were awarded doctoral degrees this year. For the rst time, the St. A ugustine Campus of T he UWI presented 22 doctoral graduates at the 2012 commencement ceremony. With a wide range of research interests that reects the thrust to encourage study in areas that are of critical relevance to development, our new PhDs most of whom are featured here are more reasons to celebrate the regions maturity.


SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 19 Public Policy and Management for Culture and the Arts in Post-independence Trinidad and Tobago: A Crisis of Concept, Value and Incremental Indierence LES TER EFEB O WILKINSO NT rinidad and T obago is noted for the diversity and uniqueness of its culture. e country gained political independence from Britain in 1962. Against the background of emerging theories on Cultural Policies for Development and generally accepted notions of best practice in Arts and Culture M anagement, this dissertation examines the role played by successive Trinidad and Tobago Governments since Independence, in initiating and encouraging support for the arts and culture through the design and implementation of eective Public Policies for Culture and the Arts. e study concludes that ill-informed concepts of culture held by successive governments since 1962 resulted in an undervaluing of the role to be played by culture in the countrys development, which, in turn resulted in the culture sector in general the arts, artists, indigenous festivals, cultural education, culture workers, cultural industries being treated, from the Public Policy standpoint, with increasing disrespect and indierence.e Field Dependence/Independence Cognitive construct: the relationship between assessment and performance in the ESL classroom KEISHA SAL A EV ANSD IXO Nis research investigated the relationship between the main eects of school, cognitive style, as well as school by cognitive style interaction and performance in second language learning, using traditional and alternative modes of assessment. Data were obtained from 102 students enrolled in ES L programmes in Trinidad and Canada. An ANO VA and Two-Sample T-Tests were employed. e results indicated that dierent cognitive styles performed better in dierent learning environments. Factors such as teaching methodologies, course materials, types of teaching and learning strategies, as well as teachers and students attitudes towards alternative assessment signicantly aected the overall performance of the language learners.Transformations in the Trinidadian Sugar Industry: Caroni, State Intervention and the Sugar-Sub Sector in Trinidad LOVELL FRANCISis study is important because it focuses on the sugar industry in Trinidad. Before its emergence in the 1780s, Trinidad lacked a formal economy. H ence the islands development (or lack thereof) has mirrored the travails of sugar. e period 1970-2005 is signicant because this was the era during which the state purchased Caroni and took control of sugar in Trinidad. is proved unsuccessful for many local and international regions but successive governments failed to take corrective measures to salvage the industry. is study illustrates the many mistakes made in the hope that if fully understood they will not be repeated.e Foaming and Foam-Mat Drying of Papaya and Pumpkin Purees LISA P. H ARRYNANANStudies on papaya and pumpkin purees were conducted to investigate their foaming and subsequent drying behaviour in the development of a dehydrated product which could readily lend itself to value addition. Foam-mat drying technology basically involves pureeing; foaming the purees with the aid of a suitable foam inducer and whipping for a desired time to form low density heat stable foams; drying a thin layer and grinding into a powder. Drying times were considerably reduced; energy savings realized through a higher dryer throughput, product quality retained and a microbiological safe readily rehydratable powder was produced. e powders can be substituted in many recipes that call for the fresh product. UWI GRADUATION CEREMONIES 2012: POSTGRADUATES


20 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 Extraction Studies with Basil S HARAD MAHARAJis study evaluated the potential for the production of the essential oil of basil in Trinidad and Tobago. Basil oil is a high-value product which is utilized in the avour and fragrance industry. e project compared the processes of Steam Distillation Extraction (SDE) and Supercritical Fluid Extraction using carbon dioxide (SFE), the results showing that the SDE process is preferred. e project combined a broad range of speciality areas such as SDE and SFE extraction techniques, mathematical modeling, analytical chemistry, cell biology and statistical analysis, and is one of a number of projects on dierent indigenous plant materials geared towards setting up a national essential oil industry.Unravelling the Role of Cholesterol, Metal ions and Low Cytochrome c Oxidase Activity in Relation to Alzheimers Disease NEET U MO HANAlzheimers Disease (AD) is a complex neurodegenerative disorder that aects primarily the elderly. Along with some signicant pathological markers, the disease is characterized by low activity of the mitochondrial enzyme cytochrome c oxidase (C O X). is study found associations between low activity of brain C O X and both elevated metal ions and high dietary cholesterol the latter two are also associated with the diseases progression. A number of possible causes for the reduced C O X activity were also determined. is investigation was particularly illuminating since reduced brain C O X can lead to development of several early AD markers such as free radical damage.Renal Dietetics Management in the End Stage Renal Dialysis Population in Trinidad and Tobago K AREN A. P IERREis baseline study provided novel data, describing relationships between macronutrient intake and indicators of nutritional status in the maintenance dialysis population in Trinidad and Tobago. Poor nutritional biochemical prole and grossly inadequate energy and macronutrient intake highlight the need for early and regular nutritional assessment of all persons initiating dialysis and those on dialysis at risk of malnutrition. e potassium content of local fruits was also investigated in connection with nutritional counselling. e potassium content of local fruits is variable, but approximately half of the local fruits assayed had comparable potassium content to that of the routinely recommended apple. Recommendations relating to the more eective management of patients (assessment and treatment), professional training/retraining and research, have signicant implications for the QoL and health outcomes for these patients, their families and national health expenditure.Health-care students willingness to interact with patients living with HIV/AIDS: the inuence of attributions, emotions, prejudice and perception of occupational risk. J ANNEL P HILIPCare and treatment of persons living with HIV (P LHIV) are critical to stemming the HIV/AIDS epidemic and healthcare practitioners are the primary point of care for P LHIV. is research examined the factors that inuence health-care practitioners (i.e. student: nurses, dentists and doctors) willingness to interact with P LHIV. e ndings indicated that blaming patients for contracting HIV, fear, and prejudices towards HIV patients were some key factors hindering positive patient-provider interaction. Conversely, empathy towards patients, and close contact with HIV patients and their families, enhanced the patient-provider relationship. Emotional regulation and sustained social contact are some recommendations for best practice.Armative Action and Justice: e Cases of the United States of America, India, Malaysia, Fiji and Trinidad and Tobago WENDY Q UAMINA YO RKEis research in armative action and justice provides a discourse in which various systems of justice and cases were examined to assess whether it is justied for the state to develop and implement policies, programmes and initiatives to assist disadvantaged, oppressed, less fortunate or needy persons in the society. e advantages and disadvantages were highlighted. Trinidad and Tobago has had only limited structured discussion on the issue and there is no written commitment by the state for armative action. H owever, given the discussions of crime and poverty and allegations of marginalization and discrimination, national dialogue is required and appropriate action taken to address the needs of the disadvantaged/oppressed, needy/chronically poor. UWI GRADUATION CEREMONIES 2012: POSTGRADUATES


SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 21 UWI GRADUATION CEREMONIES 2012: POSTGRADUATES Modeling Service Brand Equity through Cognition and Emotions: An Examination of aspects driving customers knowledge MEENA R AMB O CASis study investigated the factors that explained why customers preferred one bank over another, in other words, brand equity. e ndings revealed that customers depended on both emotional and rational thought processes when they assigned preference to banks. H owever, the impact of these two processes varied when specic customer demographical characteristics were taken into consideration. ese ndings will allow retail banks to identify and understand the key variables which are important in shaping customers preferences. It also provides a reasonable and objective measurement standard to monitor customer perceptions over time.e Inuence of Resource Saliency, Perceived Organizational Support and Attachment Style on Emotional Exhaustion for Employees in Trinidad and Tobago R AM CHAND R AMP ERSADis research examined the causes and degree of emotional exhaustion experienced by Trinidad and Tobago employees. It found that the quality and type of caregiver support received at the formative childhood age determines how individuals value organizational resources such as wages, status, supervisor and co-worker relationships. e research revealed that employees experience a relatively high degree of emotional because of the absence of valued resources. e ndings have implications for recruitment, turnover, performance, job satisfaction and well-being, by providing the resources that are salient to employees, a better person-organization t is realized, and the experience of emotional exhaustion is reduced.Investigations of heavy metals in cocoa in Trinidad and Tobago GID EO N MICHAEL R AMT AHALTrinidad and Tobago produces ne/avour cocoa, which is in high demand and fetches premium prices on the international market. H owever, continued export of our cocoa beans may be aected by increasingly stringent regulations by chocolate-manufacturing countries, governing its safety from harmful contaminants such as heavy metals, It was therefore essential that steps be taken to protect the local cocoa industry, through evaluation and subsequent mitigation of these heavy metals in cocoa beans. Geared towards ensuring that we meet world market standards, this research will also allow for the continued export of this highly valued commodity, on which many families depend for their livelihoods.Minimization of Ochratoxin A in Cocoa and Cocoa Products using a Food Safety Approach JILLIAN CASSIAN RO B ER T Se fungal toxin ochratoxin A is highly toxic and strictly regulated in cocoa and cocoa products. Research conducted into toxin contamination and susceptible stages in cocoa processing identied storage of cocoa beans to be critical in controlling contamination. Investigations into the eects of novel modied storage atmospheres of cocoa beans resulted in improved toxin control, extended shelf-life and avour of cocoa beans. ese storage techniques can provide safe and natural extended storage for many other foodstus. A food safety system has been developed for the local cocoa industry to ensure consistently high quality of beans for export.Examining the Impact of Fear and Perception of Risk on Stigma towards Persons Living with HIV/AIDS and HIV Testing Intentions. ROSANA P. YEAR WOO DO ver the years, several HIV/AIDS campaigns targeted stigma reduction and promotion of HIV testing, which are among key priority areas for prevention and control of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. e research examined attitudes towards persons living with HIV/AIDS (P LHIV) and HIV testing, among residents in a community in Trinidad. e ndings oered several valuable insights. For example, that stigmatizing and discriminatory attitudes towards P LHIV develop from fear and notions about contracting HIV through nonviable transmission routes. Additionally, that awareness of HIV testing and treatment information and having had an HIV test in the past, are important predictors of HIV testing intentions.


22 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 ENERGY UWI GRADUATION CEREMONIES 2012VALEDICTORIANS ADDRESSOver-comers Denilson Christopher Faculties of Engineering and Law I stand before you today, not as a lecturer, so do not expect 100 slides per hour. I stand before you not as a politician, so dont expect me to make promises I cannot deliver. I stand before you not as a lawyer, so could someone please explain to me Section 34? I stand before you not even as a professional engineer, so please dont expect me to integrate into my speech any 1st or 2nd Principles that would have xed out persons from understanding y they were here. Please, if I say anything you dont understand, welcome to the life of an engineer. Good aernoon again. M y name is Denilson Christopher and I have completed a BSc in Chemical and Process Engineering. I do stand before you today as a student, a graduate, a voice for the Graduating class of 2012 for the Faculties of Engineering and L aw. I am honoured to be addressing you this evening and I congratulate all of you on this golden occasion. With golden in mind, I also wish to congratulate Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago on celebrating their 50th Anniversary as independent states this year. For most of us, this journey began with looking for our names on a sheet of paper or receiving mail saying that we have been accepted. O ur rst few days in UWI were spent in bank lines and registering for courses that all had peculiar names and numbers. ere are some courses we hope never to see again. N evertheless, we registered and began to attend classes. We smiled with all the lecturers, put on our best attire that we had just bought some weeks ago and most importantly attended all our classes. By week four, we realized that there was no need for ironing our clothes for class, no need for our smiles with the lecturers, and no need to attend all our sorry, attending all our classes was still a need. M y first year was filled with sleepless nights, stressed-out mornings, unbearably cold classrooms, and microwaved food! I had hoped one day that this would be a thing of the past but it became my UWI-experience. But there was a ip side to this. M y three years were also lled with meeting lifelong friends from dierent countries, being educated with great knowledge, living on the only hall in UWI, M ilner H all, being actively involved in the Intervarsity Christian Fellowship club, and pursuing various sporting disciplines. I thoroughly enjoyed these past few years: from wearing unorthodox clothes in the promotion of H all concerts, to singing at my class thanksgiving to hosting a small-goal football competition for all the halls. I was torn in several dierent directions, attempting to lead a balanced life. Today, I also wish to highlight some of your memories. It was interesting to hear from students, the adventures and activities that your classes were involved in. For the L aw students, L egally Insane Week and L aw Week were the two major memories. L aw week showed the Cave H ill campus that the Faculty of L aw was the best faculty and L egally Insane week gave the law students the opportunity to dress wacky. If L aw didnt work out for you, what would you be? was the theme for one of the days. Students dressed in vagrant clothes, and other professions that I am not allowed to say. e ora and fauna from the pond next to the civil building, M aths 1 class with Dr. Wahid and N at Sci pies would always be remembered by the Engineering students. But it was nal year which brought a wonderful ending to their journey. Seeing your classmates vent for the rst time while working on nal year projects, realizing your lecturers were just like you (minus the experience) and nally getting to relax and go out as a class was probably one of the most rewarding feelings at the end of the year. Im sure you can all agree with me when I say that it was not always smooth sailing. Firstly the pressures of academics grew exponentially as the years progressed and we were forced to make sacrifices. Social limes, quality time with our


SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 23 ENERGY UWI GRADUATION CEREMONIES 2012VALEDICTORIANS ADDRESS Called to service Kiron NealeFaculty of Science and AgricultureDo you remember the M ichael Jackson karaoke session with Jason Williams? Well if you do, do you also remember a young man in a blue polo and surf pants spinning, gliding and moonwalking whilst struggling to sing Billie Jean? Well if so, you remembered me. at was my rst experience as a UWI student and it is quite ironic that my last experience would also be on the very stage that I danced upon. e young man standing before you today is not the same as the one who sang his heart out three years ago. L ike many, if not all of us, we are not the same individuals that entered the gates of this institution however long ago. FULL TEXT AVAILABLE ONLINE AT http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/default.asp girlfriends or boyfriends, and even time with our family had to decrease to make room for studying. N ot only was there pressure from academics but also from life itself. We had to mourn the passing of persons like Toromba from Chemical Engineering and Shara, the beloved secretary from Civil Engineering. We battled through all of these, and we victoriously sit here today. Judging from all these experiences, I can safely say, Venimus, vidimus, vicimus! We came, we saw, we conquered! I realized that we are more than students in a school environment, we are actually O ver-comers. I say to this graduating class of 2012, that you are O ver-comers! And you should all applaud yourself for a job well done. We are all here today because we kept pressing, because we kept running and because we had faith. I know for sure that it is because of faith, I am standing here. I know without a doubt that the recipe for my success was hard work and faith in God. Even as we move forward towards careers and further studies, we must keep having faith and working hard. You can also use your experiences to help others be an O ver-comer. It was M artin L uther K ing Jr who said, L ifes most persistent and urgent question is: What are you doing for others? We are products of the help and support that others gave. I take this time to thank our lecturers who day aer day taught us in the best way they could. anks to our friends who became our teachers, punching bags, and sometimes even our elder brothers and sisters. I thank our families who have supported us behind the scenes making sure we were emotionally stable, properly fed and nancially sound. I want to thank my parents especially for all their sacrices and I dedicate this speech to them as they celebrate their 29th anniversary on the 29th of this month. Finally, I want to thank God. Without H im we can do nothing and with H im, we can do all things.


24 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 ENERGY UWI GRADUATION CEREMONIES 2012VALEDICTORIANS ADDRESS Working together as equals Sameer AlladinFaculty of Social Sciences Today we must recognize that being educated here at e UWI is not a disadvantage, but rather, it places us at the forefront of Caribbean development. We do not have to consider ourselves the future leaders of the region. e future our future begins today. We are already leaders. Being educated here in the Caribbean aords us the opportunity to understand our culture and our context even better. Who else can lead the Caribbean region into a brighter future other than ourselves? FULL TEXT AVAILABLE ONLINE AT http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/default.aspLearning how to learn Nara Anderson-FigueroaFaculty of Social SciencesI was also amazed at how close the Antiguan accent sounded to my Jamaican one and how some of the islands seem to have the same foods but with dierent names or foods with the same name that were completely dierent. Trinidad and Tobago began seeping into my way of talking. For the rst time I felt a connection to the Caribbean as a whole and there wasnt even a cricket match happening at the time. FULL TEXT AVAILABLE ONLINE AT http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/default.asp


SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 25 ENERGY UWI GRADUATION CEREMONIES 2012VALEDICTORIANS ADDRESS Make the time to live M aryam M ohammedFaculty of Medical Sciencese professions we have chosen represent some of the most highly respected worldwide. Along with this respect comes a mountain of responsibility which we have to be prepared to shoulder. e community now places its trust in us. We will be viewed as role models. We will nd ourselves being conded in about everything from their personal relationships to their nancial troubles. When you nd yourself frustrated and tired, as you will 80% of the time, think back to the beginning of UWI when you were asked why you wanted to be in the medical eld. Do you remember the answer? H as it changed? FULL TEXT AVAILABLE ONLINE AT http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/default.aspGo beyond the call Nayaatha T aittFaculty of Humanities and Education One thing is for certain, UWI has not le us without memories. e question now stands, Where do we go from here? To those sitting here who believe that this academic milestone is the pinnacle of achievement, you need to stop, reect and reconsider that idea. Academics alone can never dene us. What you hold in your hand is but a piece of paper, eeting proof of time spent attending classes and handing in assignments. H anging up on a living room wall, it will tell nothing of who we are. Rather, to go forth and leave a mark, that duty is our own. FULL TEXT AVAILABLE ONLINE AT http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/default.asp




28 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 Universities from Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacic (ACP) involved in various Intra-ACP academic mobility schemes projects which seek to promote sustainable development in the ACP regions took part in the 2012 Intra-ACP Coordinators M eeting at Stellenbosch University, South Africa, in O ctober. As the coordinating institution for the Caribbean-Pacic Island M obility Scheme (CARPI M S), e UWI was thrust into the spotlight for its role in successfully managing the largest South-South academic mobility program ever funded by the European Commission. CARPI M S came to fruition in 2011 when the Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA) called for Caribbean and Pacic academic mobility projects. e UWI was successful in its proposal and in 2012 the inaugural CARPI M S consortium convened. is consortium includes several Caribbean and Pacic Partner Universities, including the University of the South Pacic, University of Papua N ew Guinea, N ational University of Samoa, Universidade da Paz Timor L este, University of Guyana, University of Belize and Universite DEtat D H aiti. CARPI M S also benets from a Technical Partnership with the University of Porto (Uporto), and an Associate Partnership with the Association of Universities and Research Institutions of the Caribbean (UNICA). The CARPI M S programme was born from the realization that increased cooperation between Caribbean and South Pacic higher education institutions could lead to the resolution of common developmental issues faced by Small Island Developing States. CARPIMS has now created an invaluable platform for advancing institutional capacity, with 41 postgraduate and 16 sta mobilities being awarded in its rst cohort. e programme is spearheaded by the O IAI at St. Augustine, which is an amalgamation of the e new call for CARPIMS Scholarship Applications opens in December 2012. For more information log on to http://www2.sta.uwi.edu/carpims or contact the CARPIMS Coordinators at carpims@sta.uwi.edu L eah Fouchongs life has changed for good. In September, she le her home in Trinidad to begin a M asters programme in Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Development at the University of Belize. A former secondary school Geography teacher and nature lover, Fouchong was craving a change of environment when she learned about the scholarship opportunities oered by the Caribbean-Pacic Island M obility Scheme (CARPI M S). She applied for a postgraduate scholarship, stressing her passion for her eld of study, as well as her goal of furthering her studies in order to make a signicant impact on her home. Fouchongs drive to contribute to the advancement of Trinidad and Tobago was coupled with her desire to learn more about a dierent culture. H er dream of becoming ENERGY CARPIMSACP Universities Unite AD VENTURE IN BELIZES T O RIES BY B IAN CA B EDD O E CARPIMS CoordinatorInternational Oce, the Alumni Aairs and Fundraising Oce and two new departments, Commercialisation and Institutional Development Projects. Speakers at the meeting included the EACEAs Joachim Fronia, Dr Berene K ramer of the European Union and Dr John K akule, ACP Secretariat. e UWI was represented by Sharan Singh, Director of the O ce of Institutional Advancement and Internationalisation ( O IAI) and CARPI M S Project L eader, M iguel Dindial, CARPI M S Coordinator. CARPIMS was the focus of the meetings presentation on technical partnership and sustainability, which was conducted by M r Singh, and illustrated how the partnership between e UWI and UPorto (Coordinators of the M undus ACP programme) has ensured the success of CARPI M S through the sharing of best practices and technical training. Singh also detailed the consortiums focus on securing the sustainability of CARPI M S via measures such as the creation of guidelines for mobility management, institutional research and development collaborations, the creation of an online CARPIMS course, and promotion at international conferences. At the meeting, the CARPI M S team was asked to provide technical counsel to several African consortiums and shared their expertise on mobility management, partner relations and measures to promote project sustainability. e team also met with the ACP Secretariat and members of the European Union, where they discussed practical issues aecting Caribbean and Pacic H igher Education and the Intra-ACP scheme. With the opening of a new call for applications in December 2012, CARPIMS is poised to transform the landscape of regional education as it redenes the sphere of international academic cooperation. a key player in Caribbean environmental conservation became closer to reality when Fouchong was selected for the CARPIMS scholarship. She acknowledges that leaving the buzz of home for the peaceful, untouched plains of Belize took some getting used to. At first it was hard, she admits. Coming from Trinidad thats so busy then being thrust into this new environment, having to adapt to the changes in conditions, climate especially food! But everyone has been so friendly and so welcoming that I really feel good now. Fouchong said once she grew more comfortable, she began to appreciate Belizes laidback lifestyle and was fascinated by the countrys traditions and celebrations of its indigenous cultural roots. I love that the Belizean people are so proud of their culture and hold on to their indigenous traditions, she says. Unlike Trinidad, its not uncommon in Belize to hear people speaking in their aboriginal tongues of M ayan or Garifuna. ey pay tribute to their indigenous culture with celebrations such as the Festival of Drums, which commemorates the settlement of the Garifuna tribe. She was pleasantly surprised to encounter touches of Trinidadian culture in Belize. For Belizes Independence celebration there was a big street parade with dierent oats. I was so surprised to see a oat with a steel pan band! she exclaims. H er experience speaks to the importance of programmes like CARPI M S, which strive to highlight the common bonds between island nations, and the great benet to be derived from regional cooperation. Fouchong has recently been oered the chance to learn how to free dive in the Belize Barrier Reef, the largest barrier reef in the Western H emisphere and the second largest in the world. She is extremely excited about the opportunity to live out her dream, one which would not have been realized had she never lled out her CARPIMS application. With a broad smile she oers the following advice to students, Applying for a scholarship like CARPIMS is a wonderful way to not only develop life skills, but to discover your own sense of self. PHOTO: MIGUEL DINDIAL The Department of Modern L anguages and L inguistics of the U niversity of the West I ndies ( U W I ) St. A ugustine will introduce a Minor in B razilian Studies beginning in January for the second semester of the academic year 2012-2013. T his Minor will meet the demands of students seeking to increase their knowledge of Brazil and of the Portuguese language and help them to become more marketable. T he Minor focuses on two main areas: Portuguese L anguage and B razilian Culture. Courses include I ntroduction to Brazilian Culture at L evel O ne; B razilian Society and Culture at L evel T wo and Business Portuguese and Modern Brazilian Literature at L evel T hree. Minor inBrazilian Studies


SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 29 A gricultural Cooperatives Key to Feeding the WorldWorld Food Day was commemorated in O ctober with a display by the Division of Science and T echnology, Food and A griculture at the A lma Jordan L ibrary, Faculty of Food and A griculture booth displays and demonstrations at the T obago House of A ssembly Week of A griculture, sale of produce from the U niversity Field Station and a video: World without Food Science. T his years theme was A gricultural Cooperatives Key to Feeding the World. I t was chosen to highlight the role of cooperatives in improving food security and contributing to the eradication of hunger. A mong the mandates of the N ational A ction Food Plan of T rinidad and T obago 20122017 are the reduction of the food import bill, and ination driven by food prices, and improvement of the countrys food security status. T here are many examples of local cooperatives such as the T rinidad and T obago Goat and Sheep Society Cooperative, Cunupia Farmers A ssociation Cooperative Society L imited, Citrus Cooperative Growers A ssociation, Coconut Growers A ssociation and Cedros Fishing Cooperative, which all play roles in meeting the growing demand for food on all markets. The FF A is collaborating with the Cunupia Farmers A ssociation Cooperative Society in the I nternational Development Research Centre (IDRC)/C ARIC OM Food Security project on the theme I mproving the nutrition and health of C A R I C O M populations by increased food availability and diversity through sustainable agricultural technologies. T here is a general agreement that smallholders provide much of the extra food needed to feed more than nine billion people by 2050. I n T rinidad and T obago about 87% of agricultural holdings are on plots of land of ve acres or less. One of the major strategic initiatives for the FF A will be to increase food production through the discovery of new technology and the translation of that technology into valued added products via the promotion of agribusiness. One major area of investment in the new FF A is the relocation of the University Field Station to Orange Grove. T he development of the 200 acres would involve commercial activities. JUJUB E SO RREL WINES H OT P EPP ERS TOMA TOESThe L aw Society of The UWI, St Augustine Campus, launched its inaugural magazine, at the N oor H assanali Auditorium at the Faculty of L aw on O ctober 11. The magazine: STALA St. Augustine Legal Aairs carries the reader on a journey from the expansion of the Faculty in September 2010 to the formation of the rst L aw Society in M arch 2011, and thereaer, to the achievement of full faculty status in April 2012. e editorial committee comprising a group of law students began to brainstorm at the end of second semester examinations in M ay. e aim was to create a magazine which would showcase the success of the Society during the year and a half since its inception, and which would equally document the wealth of creativity that the Faculty had to oer. Following the ocial launch, STAL A was distributed to various libraries: the Alma Jordan and H ugh Wooding L ibrary, the N ational L ibrary and those at the H igh Court in Port of Spain and San Fernando and the Caribbean Court of Justice. ENERGY CAMPUS NEWSNew L aw M agazineBY NURA ALIFrom le: M embers of the E ditorial Committee: Stephanie Rajkumar, Nura Ali, St Augustine Campus Principal, Professor Clement Sankat, Radeyah Ali, Kavell Joseph and Miguel V asquez. Abike Doughty Youth O pposition Chief W hipe aim was to create a magazine which would showcase the success of the Society during the year and a half since its inception, and which would equally document the wealth of creativity that the Faculty had to oer.e 10th National Youth Parliamentary Debate took place on O ctober 29th, 2012. UWIs Abike Doughty and Isaiah Eastmond were selected as O pposition Chief Whip and Speaker of the H ouse, respectively. e two undergraduate students are majoring in International Relations. The N ational Youth Parliament is held under the auspices of the Trinidad and Tobago Branch of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association (CPA). The Debate examined the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI). e proposal put before the H ouse was BE IT RESOL VED that the Government of Trinidad and Tobago take all measures to become a full member of the EITI by adopting the systems and procedures of the EITI to facilitate transparency and accountability in the management of the countrys non-renewable natural resources. 10th National Youth Parliamentary Debate


30 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 ENERGY ANSA CARIBBEAN AWARDS UWI PUBLIC LECTURE e death of the Caribbean Federation half-century ago still echoes today, and many of the causes of its demise persist, said Dominican historian and anthropologist, Dr L ennox H onychurch. Dr H onychurch, the Anthony N Sabga Caribbean Awards for Excellence L aureate in Public & Civic Contributions for 2011, was delivering the third annual A N SA Caribbean Awards UWI Public L ecture at the L earning Resource Centre on N ovember 5. e idea and praxis of Caribbean federation has existed since the 18th century, said Dr H onychurch, but the rst modern West Indian federal initiative was in 1932, at the Dominica Conference. e conference comprised 17 delegates, including Captain A.A. Cipriani of Trinidad, and unlike previous attempts, it was indigenously generated. And there was the element of the delegates having similar experiences of crown colony rule, and sharing a guiding philosophy H onychurch called the spirit of the Enlightenment which meant a belief in progress, rationality, and science guiding human aairs. Despite its conveners enthusiasm, it was not until 1947 that the rst ocial federation conference was held in M ontego Bay. Federal Elections were held a decade later, in 1958, and Grantley Adams was elected the rst Federal prime minister. But from the start, said H onychurch, failure seemed to loom. e issues included the choice of L ord H ailes, a British peer as governor general, and the site of the capital whether Trinidad or Jamaica. And there were nancial problems. e federal government had budget of a mere $9 million less than the annual budget of the Port of Spain city council at the time, H onychurch said. O utside of the administrative woes, small-island insularity took a toll. L ocal aairs took prominence over federal aairs, and apathy among the masses in various islands grew. e conicts peaked in Alexander Bustamantes using the issue as a political weapon, and forcing N orman M anley to call referendum on the issue in Jamaica in 1961, which led to Jamaicas withdrawal and Bustamantes taking the Jamaican premiership. In 1962, aer Eric Williams withdrew Trinidad and Tobago, the Federation died. It had lasted barely four years. Upon the breakup, said H onychurch, the political leaders of the Windward Islands and Barbados began discussions for a political union, the L ittle Eight, which became the L ittle Seven, when Errol Barrow withdrew because of the delays and vacillations of the others, and took Barbados to independence in 1966. By 1969, only M ontserrat remained a colony, and the rest became associated states to Britain. In 1974, Grenada became the rst associated state to acquire independence. Dominica in 1978, St L ucia and St Vincent in 1979, Antigua and Barbuda in 1981, and St K itts and N evis in 1983. In 1981, these islands formed the O rganisation of Eastern Caribbean States, which remains the most successful model of Caribbean unity, unlike Caricom, which H onychurch described as an inecient, unresponsive bureaucracy. As for the future of Federation, H onychurch was not optimistic. H e identied several problems which inhibit federation, and which would make the exercise unworkable if enacted. M any issues persist from the early days, which include administrative ineciency, insularity in smaller states, a dumbing down of the public, complemented by a growth in US materialism, and the decline of education. ere is a lot of talk about the Singapore model, said H onychurch. But it is the demand for eciency that creates that model. But things seemed to be moving in the opposite direction in the region. H onychurch pointed to the present decline of the Enlightenment idealism which characterized the generation the 1930s. is, he said, is accompanied by the growth of anti-scientic and anti-intellectual fundamentalist religions in all the islands which put political power into the hands of religious leaders. e decline of intellectual life had serious long-term consequences for the region and individual countries, primary among which are food security and energy needs. A casualty of the new dispensation is e UWI, which can be of great assistance in addressing these issues, he said. But UWI is being starved of money as local governments divert their resources to local community colleges which grant degrees in conjunction with what he termed thirdrate US universities. To further frustrate the notion and eectiveness of Federation, said H onychurch, Caricom had become an unwieldy bureaucracy which is swamped by a number of responsibilities on many levels. is had generated a tone of impatience with Caricom among leaders like St L ucia Prime M inister, K enny Anthony, and St Vincent Prime M inister, Ralph Gonzalves. H e quoted Anthony as saying: e Caribbean seems stalled at a crossroad of indierence, so much so that it is becoming out of step with the rest of the world. In looking forward, Dr H onychurch oered a glimpse of optimism provided by the O ECS which is more ecient than Caricom, and whose members share a currency and many other political and legal connections. It is likely, he said that in coming years, we shall see a more rapid evolution of the O ECS while the three larger entities, Jamaica, Guyana and Trinidad plod along. (Raymond Ramcharitar)Dr L ennox Honychurch with HE Arthur Snell, British High Commissioner at the ANSA Caribbean Awards UWI Public L ecture.FED ERAL D REAMS:e Past is the Future


SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 31 You wouldnt knowingly give your child poisoned food, would you? Arent you concerned about the quality of the environment we will leave for our children? If you are, then greater attention must be paid to the manner in which our food is produced in the Caribbean. What quality of water and soils are we going to leave? Would there be any topsoil le for farming in the future? What about our indigenous species of crops and livestock?, ese are some of the burning questions addressed in the book Sustainable Food Production Practices in the Caribbean, which was launched in early O ctober. e 458-page to me is like a splash of cold water in your face: it wakes you up immediately. Farmers in the region, especially local farmers are known for their injudicious use of synthetic pesticides to protect their crops from disease and insects, and their overuse of fertilisers. A lot of farmers over-apply fertilisers. ey waste money and they contaminate the soil, explained Dr. Wayne Ganpat, co-editor of the book, and a lecturer in the Department of Agricultural Extension at e UWI. Ganpat, who joined the Faculty of Agriculture three years ago, is a former Deputy Director of Extension Services in the M inistry of Agriculture, Trinidad and Tobago. Unfortunately, these particular chickens are coming home to roost in terrible places: theres a high incidence of cancer among the farming community in Trinidad and their relatives, conrmed his co-editor, Dr Wendy-Ann Isaac, a lecturer in crop production. Dr Isaac did her PhD thesis on the use of organic pesticides and fertilisers by Fair trade banana producers in St Vincent. Consumers in the developed world are demanding that their food be safe to eat and produced in environmentally sound ways, pointed out Dr Ganpat. If [Caribbean] consumers demand the same, then farmers would have to produce safer food. As a result, extension ocers in M inistries of Agriculture across the region would have to provide farmers with the technological knowledge to do so. As it is, many of the extension ocers are not adequately trained in sustainable techniques, and oen only up to diploma level. e book is aimed primarily at extension ocers and technicians, in the hope that once they have learned the practices they will pass on this information to farmers. It is also a valuable resource for students of agriculture. This is why the 20 chapters, authored mainly by lecturers and some graduate students from the Faculty of Food and Agriculture at UWI, as well as UTT lecturers, is written in an easy, accessible style with little technical jargon. It focuses on how to grow crops on hillsides, using contouring to reduce erosion and runo; integrated pest, disease and weed management; how to integrate biological, chemical and cultural practices, and more. The book opens its discourse with soils and soil management practices appropriate for the region. M uch of the opening deals with farming on hillsides, since much of the land available for agriculture in the region with the exception of Guyana, Jamaica, Belize, and Trinidad is hilly and steep. e use of heavy machinery is not sustainable. Tilling the soil with heavy machinery has negative eects on the soil, including loss of nutrients, and the ability to store water. Tilling also results in a higher rate of runo of fertilisers and chemicals. It reduces the amount of organic matter in the soil, such as microbes, carbon compounds, earthworms, ants and other benecial inhabitants of the soil. If we lose our topsoil, said Dr Ganpat, if we contaminate our soil and water, and we progressively decimate all our biodiversity, what will happen to us? e book covers livestock production with a focus on sustainable feeding practices. M arketing strategies, quality assurance practices and appropriate post-harvest production practices are also discussed. M any of the practices are already being used in the Caribbean, but on a small scale. e authors consistently advocate crop and livestock production techniques that require an ecological approach, aimed at reducing the use of water, chemicals and pesticides and the preservation of the regions soils, ora and fauna. e book seeks to popularize methods that are already in use: for example, how to use garlic as a natural pesticide, how to establish contours and rubble drains; how to do a soil test as a rst step to determine the amount of fertiliser needed and discusses leaf-nutrient analysis as an eective agricultural practice. The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA), a well-known joint international institution of the African, Caribbean and Pacic (ACP) countries and the European Union, based in the N etherlands supported the book, and has ordered 500 copies to distribute in ACP countries. The UWI also provided financial support. While some countries in the region, including T&T do have policies in place restricting and regulating the use of chemicals in agriculture, they are not strictly enforced. We need more monitoring, more certication programmes, said Dr Ganpat. Policies that regulate how food is produced needs to be revisited, he said. Instead of oering subsides on spraying equipment, which is associated with the use of synthetic pesticides, the Government should oer, for example increased subsidies for contouring and the use of safer pesticides, he suggested. Its a hard job to convince farmers to change their ways, admitted Dr Ganpat. is is why consumers need to demand that food is produced in an environmentally sustainable manner. This book is to prepare the food producers for the way forward, he said. e days of food production at any cost those days are gone. We must be resolved to leave our environment in a better condition than it is at present. O ur children deserve no less! Sustainable Food Production Practices in the Caribbean (Ian Randle Publishers, 2012) is now available at e UWI Bookshop and Keith Khans Books Etc. ENERGY BOOKSW ake Up and Smell the SoilA Book with Farmers in MindBY N AZMA MULLER Cabbage as crop cover in soil conservation on a steep slope.


32 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH NOVEMBER, 2012 UWI CALENDAR of E VENTSNOVEM B E R 2012 JANUARY 2013UWI T O DAY is printed and distributed for e University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, through the kind support of Trinidad Publishing Co L td, 22-24 St Vincent Street, Port of Spain, Trinidad, West Indies. U W I TO DAY W ANT S TO HEAR FR OM Y O UUWI T O DAY welcomes submissions by sta and students for publication in the paper. Please send your suggestions, comments, or articles for consideration to uwitoday@sta.uwi.edu VISUAL ARTS STUDIO SALE & EXHIBITION Sale: November 30, December 1 Exhibition: December 9-15 Department of Creative and Festival Arts Gordon St, St. Augustine e Visual Arts Unit of the Department of Creative and Festival Arts is celebrating its 25th anniversary this year, and will end 2012 with a Visual Arts Festival. e Show and Sell Studio Sale, which marks the start of the activities, will take place on N ovember 30 and December 1 from 10am-4pm, and the Exhibition will open on Sunday December 9 at 3pm and run till December 15. e aim of these activities is to highlight the work of students, alumni and faculty of the Visual Arts Unit. e two dierent types of activities take into consideration the range of work that is anticipated, which includes drawings, paintings, sculpture, functional and decorative ceramics, decorative textiles, including scarves and handbags. For further information, please contact Lesley-Ann Noel at lesleyann.noel@sta.uwi.edu or visit the Visual Arts Facebook page at: www.facebook.com/ UWIVisualArts LIGHT F ALLING ON B AMBOO November 28, 2012 Centre for Language Learning Auditorium UWI St Augustine UWIs Faculty of H umanities and Education, through its MFA Creative Writing programme, hosts the book launch of L awrence Scotts L ight Falling on Bamboo. is event will take place from 6-8pm, at the Centre for L anguage L earning auditorium and will end with a cocktail reception. For further information, please contact Serah Acham at 662-2002 ext 83806. DISTINGUISHED LECTURE DR JAMIL SALMI 24 January, 2013 UWI St. Augustine The O pen L ectures Committee will be hosting a Distinguished L ecture to be presented by Dr. Jamil Salmi at the St. Augustine Campus. Dr Salmi is an independent expert for education and the former education sector manager for The World Bank in the L atin American and Caribbean region. H e was previously professor of education economics at the N ational Institute of Education Planning in Rabat, M orocco. For further information, please contact Patricia Sampson at patricia.sampson@sta.uwi.edu or (868)662-2002 ext.82392 P ATHWAYS OF A UTONOMY 29 November 1pm-3.30pm Noor Hassanali Auditorium UWI St. Augustine Students at the Faculty of L aw and the Guild of Students at e UWI host a panel discussion entitled, Pathways of Autonomy, which explores the achievements of Trinidad and Tobago in the past 50 years of Independence and 36 years of Republicanism. For further information, please contact Shane J Pantin at sjpantin@hotmail.com, or Sheldon Mitchell at citizensforthegreen@gmail.com HEALTH C ARE QUALITY AND DELIVERY 17-19 January, 2013 Hyatt Regency Trinidad Port of Spain In light of the countrys recent challenges regarding quality health care, the Faculty of M edical Sciences recognises the need for the creation of a committed workforce within the Caribbeans health sector. As this is one of its major responsibilities, the Faculty will address these challenges with its conference, titled Improvement in H ealth Care Quality and Delivery: M aking a Dierence. For further information, please contact the Conference Secretariat, at 663-6311, 645-3232 Exts. 5020 or 5025 or conferencehcq@sta.uwi.edu. THE LEGACY C ONTINUES January 30, 2013 The Pierre Hotel NYC e 16th annual fundraising gala celebration hosted by the American Foundation for the University of the West Indies takes place at the Pierre H otel in N ew York City, USA at the end of January. ere will be a reception from 6pm, with the dinner and programme at 7.30pm. At the Gala the prestigious L egacy Awards are conferred on notable individuals who represent high levels of achievement within their respective elds of industry and enterprise. For further information, please contact Ms. Ann-Marie Grant at (212) 759-9345, or via e-mail at amgrant@ afuwi.org. W ORLD OF W ORK 2013 RE SUME WRI T ING ursday 24 January, Daaga Auditorium I N TE R V I EW P R E P & NETWO RKING TH EO RY ursday 31 January, SPEC For further information, please contact UWI Student Advisory Services, 662-2002 ext 82326. YALLA UWI FETE 13 January, 2013 Noon to 8pm e 23rd edition of the UWI Fete put on by the UWI Development and Endowment Fund to raise funds to assist students in need, has an early start this year. e Fete will feature entertainment from K es the Band, Dil-E-N adan, Roy Cape, JM C Triveni and DJ Crosby. Brunch will be available from noon to 2pm and lunch from 2pm to 6pm. Tickets are $950 but Early Bird Tickets are available at $900 from N ovember 26 to December 14. For tickets and further information, please contact UWI Student Advisory Services, 662-2002 ext 82326 or pepper advertising at 622 -6502/2762.