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UWI today
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094180/00044
 Material Information
Title: UWI today
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Publisher: UWI Marketing and Communications Office
Place of Publication: St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Publication Date: 09-30-2012
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Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UF00094180:00044

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From le: Kavita and Karissa Singh are twins, not identical, but sharing a zest for life so evident in their eyes. e two were part of the hundreds of matriculating students attending the formal ceremony on September 13. Kavita is in the Faculty of Medical Sciences, and Karissa, the new Faculty of Law; both received Additional Scholarships. PHOTO: VALDEZ BROOKSECOLOGY 11 e Call of the Wildmeat Forest food COCOA RESEARCH UNITS 50 13Naughty Pleasures True trouble BOOKS 14Your Fingers will never be the same Arithmetic solvedWeve got the whole world... HONORARY GRADUANDS 08Pioneer of the Newsroom erese Mills

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SUNDAY 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 3 EDITORIAL TEAMCAMPUS P RIN CIP AL Professor Clement Sankat DIRECT OR O F MARKE TING AND CO MMUNI CATIONS Mrs. Dawn-Marie De Four-Gill DIRECT OR O F MARKE TING AND CO MMUNI CATIONS Ag.) Mrs. Wynell Gregorio E DI T OR Ms. Vaneisa Baksh C ONTACT US The UWI Marketing and Communications Ofce Tel: (868) 662-2002, exts. 82013 / 82014 Or email: uwitoday@sta.uwi.edu Two years aer the Memorandum of Agreement was signed, the rst UWI/G uardian Life P remium Teaching Award was presented in 2000. Signatories were the then P resident of G uardian Life, Mr. R ichard Kellman and P ro Vice Chancellor P rofessor Compton Bourne, P rincipal of The U W I St. Augustine. They were supported by ecient teams led by Mrs. Betty Ann R ohlehr, former P rogramme Coordinator of e U W I s I nstructional Development U nit (ID U) and Mrs. Maria Mc Millan, herself a U W I graduate, and former Manager, Corporate Communications, G uardian Life of the Caribbean Limited. e awards, under the leadership of Dr. AnnaMay E dwards-Henry, ID U s Director, now occupy a premier position on the Campus calendar. is years awards were presented on September 28 at Daaga Auditorium on the St. Augustine Campus to ve members of the academic sta. The awards are given to lecturers who inspire independence, control and critical or original thinking in students; encourage intellectual interests in new students and stimulate senior students to creative work, and exhibit concern and respect for students. e 2012 awardees are Dr. Geraldine Skeete, Dept. of Literary, Cultural & Communication Studies; Dr. Gelien Matthews, Dept. of History; Professor Surendra Arjoon, Dept. of Management Studies; Dr. Sandra Reid, P sychiatry U nit, Dept. of Clinical Medical Sciences; and Dr. Chalapathi Rao, P athology and Microbiology U nit, Dept. of P ara-Clinical Sciences. Dr Skeete is co-editor of e Child and the Caribbean Imagination and has been published in the Caribbean Review of Gender Studies and e Caribbean Teaching Scholar. Dr Matthews is the author of two major publications, Caribbean Slave Revolts and the British Abolitionist Movement and History of the Church of the Nazarene Trinidad and Tobago P rofessor Arjoon is recognized internationally as a leading author in business ethics research Dr R eid has received several international grants for research in substance abuse and HIV, gender sexuality and HIV, and addiction education. She pioneered the Caribbean R egional Certicate P rogramme in Addiction Studies, and is Director of the Caribbean I nstitute on Alcoholism and O ther Drug P roblems. Dr R ao has taught for more than 25 years. He pioneered the pathology museum and clerkship manual at the Faculty of Medical Sciences, which has served as a teachinglearning and assessment resource for more than a decade. CAMPUS NEWSREW ARD IN G P REMIU M TEACHIN G Dr. Gelien Matthews Dr. Chalapathi Rao Dr. Geraldine Skeete Professor Surendra Arjoon Dr. Sandra Reid Starting a New Journey FROM THE PRINCIPAL Two weeks ago, this St. Augustine Campus formally received just over 5,000 new students at our traditional matriculation ceremony. I t was an occasion of great solemnity that we hoped conveyed the signicance of the transition from secondary school to university. I n addition to building technical and professional competence, we recognise our duty in the academic community to instil a strong set of values and civic responsibility in our young charges, who we hope will be good citizens who carry themselves purposefully into their societies so as to improve the quality of life in whatever discipline they may have been trained. We try to accommodate students with good, upper-level matriculation qualications, but unfortunately in some programmes, and because of intense competition, many qualied students are not accepted or may be given deferred entry. I t is all very competitive, but it is the way of the world, and resilience and perseverance are virtues. ey are the cornerstones of leadership, which is what Vice-Chancellor, P rofessor N igel Harris asked students to aspire to at the Matriculation Ceremony. O ur goal, he said, is to create graduates who will be lifelong learners, who will have the people and leadership skills to cope with whatever the world throws at them. e P ermanent Secretary of the Ministry of Tertiary E ducation and Skills Training had reminded students of the G overnments major investment in their education but cautioned that, GATE is not a right, it is a privilege which students in many developed countries do not have. e economic climate will certainly demand agility at many levels. As we welcome our new students onto our Campus, and build a cadre of leaders for the next y years of our journey as an independent nation, it is important that we instil the virtues of discipline, respect and hard work. We become what we repeatedly do and thus values that are embedded in our UWI philosophy and that can build and sustain a great nation: integrity, honesty, generosity and care for those less fortunate, must be practised.CLE M EN T K. S A N KATPro Vice Chancellor & Principal

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4 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2012 ENERGY MATRICULATION 2012 PioneersL loyd Andrew Philbert, of Curaao, received a scholarship from the G overnment of Curaao, which, his parents say is part of a pilot programme to have a group of 25 students study in the region. Lloyd is the only one coming to the St. Augustine Campus, where he has been accepted to the Faculty of Science & Technology to do a BSc in I nformation Technology. Another singular gure is Ji Hwan P ark, whose family relocated to Trinidad last year. A Korean national, Mr. P ark is the first Korean national to apply to e U W I where he has been admitted to read Sociology in the Faculty of Social Sciences. Research Awards The inaugural UWI St. Augustine R esearch Awards Ceremony takes place on O ctober 3, 2012 from 5.30pm at the Daaga Auditorium. is ceremony is an initiative organized by the O ffice of the Campus P rincipal in collaboration with the various Faculties, the School for G raduate Studies and R esearch, Marketing and Communications Department and other Departments of the U W I St. Augustine Campus. I t celebrates outstanding and accomplished researchers (both sta and graduate students) from the various Faculties. I t is also about building awareness of the research at the Campus in the minds of our wider communities. Two types of R esearch Awards will be presented at the ceremony: Faculty Awards and Campus Awards. e recipients of grants under the highly competitive U W I -Trinidad and Tobago R esearch and Development I mpact Fund will also be recognized. is Fund is supported by dedicated funding from the G overnment of Trinidad and Tobago. She signed her name in full R ebecca-Ann Shania Jattan at the end of her hand-written responses to some questions wed asked. e careful script and the orderly presentation suggested that she had laboured somewhat over it because it was a grand moment of her life which was e UWI s intention when it rst began honouring the top S E A performers ten years ago at its Matriculation ceremony. I am extremely honoured to be a guest of honour at the UWI Matriculation Function because to be only eleven years old and to be honoured by such an institution, I truly am grateful, wrote the countrys top placed S EA scholar. Shed maintained a continuous study pattern, that did not mean shutting down extra activities. And what does R ebecca-Ann see for her future? For now, I am thinking about becoming a veterinarian, this is because I love animals and the science eld. I also like Law and French. R ebecca-Ann was one of 16 students celebrated by e UWI at the Matriculation ceremony on September 13. Deputy P rincipal of the St. Augustine Campus, P rofessor R hoda R eddock presented her with a token from the U niversity she might one day attend. S EA Matriculatione annual Matriculation ceremony is one of the UWI traditions that seeks to imbue incoming students with a sense of the gravitas of their status as university students and of academic life. e ceremony, which was held on September 13, at the JFK Quadrangle on the St. Augustine Campus, was led by the Vice Chancellor, P rofessor E N igel Harris, and UWI P ro Vice-Chancellor and St. Augustine Campus P rincipal, P rofessor Clement Sankat, who formally recognised incoming students as new members of academia, invited them to sign the Matriculation Book (the symbolic signing was done by John Lee) and to take the Academic Vow, led by Kevin R amsewak, UWI Student G uild P resident. Addressing the students, P rofessor Sankat told them that the nation needs value-based leadership and exhorted them to be dedicated to moral values and ethical principles. R emember that every time we move away from solid principles we contribute either directly or indirectly to the ills of society, he said. e Vice Chancellor too gave them solid advice. Work hard, commit to learning new things throughout your life, try to be inventive and seize opportunities as they come, re-invent yourself as the moment may demand, but whatever you do, preserve your integrity; commit to doing what is right; speak up against the corrupt and unethical. Strive for success, but do what is right to achieve that success and to preserve your soul, said P rofessor Harris. A formal procession of the U niversity Council opened and closed the ceremony. A Dening Moment R emember that every time we move away from solid principles we contribute either directly or indirectly to the ills of society.P R OFESSO R CLEMENT SANKATUWI Pro Vice-Chancellor and St. Augustine Campus PrincipalL loyd Andrew Philbert, of Curaao (le), is welcomed by UWI Pro Vice-Chancellor and St. Augustine Campus Principal, Professor Clement Sankat

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SUNDAY 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 5 ENERGY CAMPUS NEWS The Vice Chancellor of The U U WI I has approved the appointment of Dr Kusha Haraksingh as the foundation Dean of the Faculty of Law at St. Augustine. He will act in this position for the period of one year. is follows the decision of the U U niversity Council to establish three full faculties of law in Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, and Barbados with eect from August 1, 2012. Dr Haraksingh is a graduate of the prestigious School of O O riental and African Studies, U U niversity of London and is a Barrister of Lincolns I I nn. He was a postdoctoral fellow at the U U niversity of Michigan, a visiting scholar at the U U niversity of Warwick, and a Senior Fulbright Fellow at Harvard U U niversity. At e U UWII, Dr Haraksingh has taught a variety of multidisciplinary courses including Law and Society, Law and Business History, and E E thics and Jurisprudence in the Faculty of Medical Sciences. At the G G raduate level, he has taught Spatial I I nformation Law and P P olicy in the Faculty of E Engineering, Advanced Caribbean I I ntegration Law in the Faculty of Law, for more than 10 years has conducted the G G lobalization Seminar in the I I nstitute of I I nternational R R elations, and has produced several doctoral students. Dr Haraksingh is an experienced university administrator who has been Chairman of the I I nstitute Dean of NN ew FF aculty of LL awof African and Asian Studies, Head of the Department of History, a member of the U U niversity Council and Senate, as well as Chair of a variety of U U niversity committees. He advises the U U niversity on P P ensions law and chairs the U U niversity Standing Committee on O O rdinances and R R egulations. I I n public life Dr Haraksingh has been a trade union leader as P P resident of the West I I ndies G G roup of U U niversity Teachers, a Senator in the P P arliament of Trinidad and Tobago, Chairman for many years of Caroni Limited, Chairman of the Central R R egional Health Authority, and Chairman of the Sugar Association of the Caribbean. Dr Haraksingh is also a member of the Cariforum and Caricom College of N N egotiators and the regions Lead N N egotiator for legal and institutional issues and for dispute settlement. He has been involved in a number of lobbying missions on behalf of the Caribbean, especially in Washington, Brussels and G G eneva. Dr Haraksingh has been engaged as a consultant with several international organizations including UN UN CTAD, FAO O the Common Fund for Commodities, I I LE E AP P [I I nternational Lawyers and E E conomists against P P overty], and the Commonwealth Secretariat. I I n a series of successful arbitrations on behalf of West I I ndian cricketers Dr Haraksingh helped to establish their right to the ownership of their own intellectual property, paving the way for a revolution in their earning capacity. For ve years, Dr Haraksingh was a Caricom Arbitrator and Conciliator under the R R evised Treaty of Chaguaramas. He has been a Commissioner and founding Chairman of the Caricom Competition Commission since 2008, an appointment which he holds from the R R egional Judicial and Legal Services Commission.

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6 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2012 BOTANY Be it the thick, ripe clusters hanging invitingly from the shrub, the spectrum of colours in glistening market heaps, or a ne mince liberally sprinkled over a mango chow, to a true West I ndian there seems to be no other that can put that special gleam in the eye or drool to the mouth like hot peppers. As reported in the June 2011 issue of U W I Today, the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper surged into the international spotlight as the ercest stinger, capturing the title of hottest pepper in the world, and setting a blistering record in chemical tests. A few months ago, Trinidad peppers were once again thrust into the world news, as the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion, dethroned the former and took its place as the Stinger R oyale, setting a new G uinness World R ecord of 2,009,231 SH U on the pungency scale. e frenzy that it created worldwide can be gleaned by simply G oogling the word scorpion. But can this siren heat that beckons both researcher and the general public at large, improve the livelihood of our peppers farmers today? We believe it can. I f you are one of the diehard enthusiasts who believes that no other pepper in the world smells, tastes and burns quite like what is found in the Caribbean then you would be absolutely correct. West I ndian varieties such as Scotch Bonnet, Congo, Seven P ot, Scorpion, P imento, Tiger Teeth, Bonda Majaque and Bazouka belong to a dierent class or species to the mainstream peppers like chili, sweet pepper, jalapeo, banana pepper, serrano and cayenne, commonly consumed around the globe. Scientifically, local peppers are called Capsicum chinense, a misnomer from the days when the fruits were believed to have originated in China or when the West I ndies were thought to actually be China (depending on which book you read). R ecent research at e UWI, featured on the cover of the July 2012 issue of the Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science, has firmly established these peppers as native to the Caribbean and northern parts of South America, giving us every reason to be proud of this heritage. This landmark article using molecular (D N A) ngerprinting techniques clearly establishes the existence of a distinct Caribbean cluster or gene pool, which is a reservoir of raw genetic potential that can be used to build novel varieties. e article traces the Caribbean peppers origin through historic contributions from the U pper Amazon gene pool, indigenous to the region encompassing P eru, Bolivia, E cuador and Colombia and extending into the G uianas and Venezuela. Another distinct Lower Amazon gene pool from Brazil has also been identied for the rst time. is may not sound particularly earth-shattering to the average reader but to the plant breeder this information is exactly what is needed for the ecient conservation of this genetic wealth and to devise strategies to create better pepper varieties. Like building a jigsaw puzzle, the publication also pieces together the molecular ngerprinting data with archeological evidence gathered by UWI s History Department, to trace the likely dispersal pathways for pepper from South America into Central America and the Caribbean. O ne such pathway takes pepper from its Amazon basin through the G uianas into Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago and the Lesser Antilles by the early migrating I ndians. Another pathway takes the pepper northwards through the P anamanian neck into Central America and the G reater Antilles. Amidst all these exciting discoveries, researchers at the U niversity are mainly occupied with the question of how these native varieties can be used to build a hot pepper industry that Trinidad and Tobago can be proud of; just as we are proud of our petrochemical industry that exploits our oil and gas reserves. U W I researchers are committed to using the unearthed genetic resources to develop high-yielding, disease-resistant varieties capable of spawning a profitable hot pepper industry in the Caribbean and a global seed industry. What better way to paint the world red, white and black, than to build a future on the proud heritage of our natural resources! e work on hot peppers is carried out by a team from the Department of Life Sciences of the Faculty of Science and Technology led by P rof. P athmanathan U maharan and including Dr. Winston E libox and graduate students Marissa Moses, Sarah Bharath, Khalil Ali and R abindra R amjattan. Marissa Moses is doing a P hD in P lant Science and is interested in investigating the diversity and population structure of Capsicum Chinense. She was the author of the article featured on the cover of the July 2012 issue of the Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science ( http://journal.ashspublications.org/content/137/4/250. full.html?ijkey=VhQgO hho6d8m1sn&keytype=re f )T W O TRINI PEPPER SBattle for Hottest TitleResearch traces the trail of the heat BY MARISSA MOS ES A few months ago, Trinidad peppers were once again thrust into the world news, as the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion dethroned the former and took its place as the Stinger R oyale, setting a new Guinness W orld Record of 2,009,231 S HU on the pungency scale.W est I ndian peppers are in a class of heat by themselves.PHOTO COURTESY THE RESEARCH DIVISION, MINISTRY OF FOOD PRODUCTION

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8 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2012 ENERGY UWI GRADUATION CEREMONIES 2012HONORARY GRADUAND THERESE MILLSe UWI St. Augustine Campus will confer an honorary DLitt on journalist, Mrs. erese Mills, during its graduation ceremonies in O ctober 2012. Mrs Mills shared some of her pioneering journey with UWI Today.When did you know journalism was your calling? I sat the Cambridge School Certicate, as it was then called, in 1944. I was 16 and I simply wanted a job to earn some money. My school principal was an I rish nun who taught E nglish Literature and who frequently gave me an A for school essays. She knew the editor of the Catholic News, an I rish priest and gave me an excellent recommendation to him. He was friendly with another I rishman who was then E ditor of the Port of Spain Gazette. I t seemed the word of one I rish nun to an I rish priest to an I rish layman was good enough to get me a job at the Gazette, even though it was not as a writer. I was assigned to the Library, which meant I had to do a great deal of ling of newspaper stories. To le, I had to read, and being naturally curious I became very involved in all that was happening in Trinidad. I believe it was that curiosity that hooked me. I t became my wish to be a good reporter (the word journalist was yet to emerge). I wouldnt use the grand name calling, I just wanted to write stories. Youve seen newsrooms from decades ago to now. Aside from the technology, what changes would you say have been the most signicant? e rst major change is the role of women, who have taken the lead in the modern newsroom. U nfortunately this role does not always equate with senior management status. When I started writing I was conned to covering weddings, tea parties, fashion shows. The hard news coverage was the prerogative of men. at has changed over the years and women now hold their own in every area of the media today. I n fact, good male reporters are an endangered species, which is not in the best interest of the country generally. Another major change is the way reports have to be concise, which means it is a good thing I was taught the importance of being able to prcis. I n the old days, verbatim reports were required for coverage of courts, legislative council and city council meetings and these reports lled long, boring columns. R eaders certainly had more time than they have today. E ven funerals required detailed reports of who attended, who were pall bearers, who sent wreaths, etc. Long lists of the attendees were included and all names had to be correctly spelt. Today, reporters pay little attention to the correct spelling of names, even when just two or three names are mentioned. I n addition to poor spelling, grammar has sadly fallen by the wayside. Anything goes and there are times when I pity the poor reader who tries to gure out exactly what the facts are in any report. R eports that should be the essence of simplicity are now confused, convoluted diatribes that raise more questions than provide information. R eports seem to want to impress rather than inform; but that is not surprising, since many in the media today tend to see themselves as personalities rather than as news reporters. Frequently, the reporter makes himself/herself the news inserting personal opinions in reports and leaving the reader sometimes at sea as to where the report begins and the reporters opinion takes over. What were the biggest challenges of being a woman, a mother and an ambitious journalist? Women today are saying that you really cannot have it all My biggest challenge was holding my own among a bunch of men, who, in the mid-1940s, considered themselves utterly superior to women. Work done by hopeful women reporters like myself was scoed at and dismissed and frequently never made it to a page, unless it was a fashion show or wedding or a good recipe for pelau. I refused to be cast in a mould and decided the route to the newsroom was via feature stories about people of interestwhich were reluctantly acceptedbut fortunately, which readers liked. So my plan appears to have worked and acceptance of my work began. I paid close attention to what was going on in the country, whether politics, business, social issues, even sports. I tried to keep my eye out for an interesting story to tell and went out of my way to get to know people, and what they did, from the highest to the poorest. My real challenges began when I got married and had three children. My husband, Ken Mills, was what today we call the academic or intellectual with two rst class honours degrees in P hilosophy from London and O xford U niversities. e family was my responsibility not his. is put extreme pressure on me as I was determined to have my own career as a journalist. (By now we were no longer reporters.) ere are times when I question whether I had bitten o more than I could chew! My work was growing more demanding. I was working longer hours. I got tremendous support and help from my widowed mother, but there are days when I rmly believe I should have given more time to my two daughters and son. ey all did well at school, all graduating with Masters degrees. My rst daughter is now completing the P hD in E ducation at Bristol U niversity. I am very proud of them and their achievements, but I do believe I lost a lot of their growing up because of the time, eort and attention that I had to give to my career. N ow, if I had had a dierent type of husband well, who knows! But I thank G od for my children who have been such a source of joy and happiness. I thank G od for my seven grandchildren and now I even boast of great-grands! I think women can have it all, but they need support from their partners. Do you believe the standards of journalism have fallen as many complain? Y es, standards have fallenterribly. But it goes back to the education in our schools today. We are reaping the eects of poor teaching, poor parenting, and indeed and ironically, the technology that has made everything so instantly attainable. Take the ancient art of letter writing with pen and paper, where handwriting was practised as seriously as grammar, spelling and punctuation. N ow one sends text messages which invariably allow no room or time for expression much less spelling or grammar. I am of course very old fashioned. Do you believe that increased social media threaten the life of print? I do not believe this at all. What a lot of social media has done is help to spread misinformation which is taken as gospel truth. P eople believe then can say anything about anybody and get away with it. I dont see how this can go on much longer as people will begin to sue for libel. Social media encourages instant response without thought and consideration or analysis. is is also true of course of print media but not to the same extent and hopefully the pleasure of holding a good newspaper in ones hand will always be available. What does this honorary DLitt mean to you? I t means a lot to my family who have never accepted my fears that my career deprived them in any way. I personally have never been interested in awards or even recognition for doing a job that has given me so much pleasure for so many years. N o other career could have given me the excitement, the satisfaction I have experienced. Do you know what it is to wake up every day, leave home for work and not know what the day will bring in terms of drama, excitement, good news, bad news?I just wanted to write stories MRS. THERES E MILLS

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SUNDAY 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 9 ENERGY UWI GRADUATION CEREMONIES 2012HONORARY GRADUAND DEOKINANAN SHARMAThe U W I St. Augustine Campus will confer an honorary LLD on cultural activist, Mr. Deokinanan Sharma, during its graduation ceremonies in O ctober 2012. Mr Sharma talked about the assimilation of I ndian culture into the national psyche.You returned to Trinidad from your studies in India in 1962, the year of Independence. In those fty years you have been involved in opening a wider space for Indian culture within the society. What was its public space like during the rst decade after Independence? O n my return from I ndia in 1962, where I was a student for six years, I had little information of what had happened in Trinidad and Tobago. My only contacts over those years were through letters, the blue aerogram kind, from my father and brother and were mainly news of family matters essentially. ere was no internet, television, telephone so I had virtually lost touch. Once home I discovered that the I ndian cultural group that I had started in Debe, my home town, called Society of I ndian Art and Music (S I AM), and the I ndian orchestra bearing the same name had vanished. I nadequate leadership, lack of interest and funding were some of the major reasons given to me. I discovered that key persons from the groups had migrated to greener pastures in N orth America. My village had shown remarkably little growth. I t was still a very agricultural village growing watermelons, bodi, pumpkins, tomatoes, and so on, with employment still hinged around the sugar industry. Telephones and television had not yet invaded Debe. E lectricity was available and radio, through R adio Trinidad and R ediusion, was accessible for those who could have aorded the costs. A half-hour I ndian cultural programme on radio had been minimally increased to one hour per week. A gas station and a primary school, the Debe Hindu School, were new additions to the Debe landscape. e Hindu school was the former Krishna Mandir built by my father and handed over to the Sanatan Dharma Maha Sabha in the latters frantic drive to build as many schools as possible to take care of the still largely neglected education of the Hindu/east I ndian children. Business in the village comprised a Chinese-run grocery and rumshop, two smaller versions of the Chinese shop run by east I ndians, a blacksmith and a shoemaker run by Africans. at is what I met in the months following I ndependence in my village and which I later found out mirrored to a large extent the situation in many of the rural areas in our country. I ndian culture was still on the backburners of the cultural mainstream with little or no recognition given by G overnment ocially. A trophy or two would have been the major contribution by the G overnment to E ast I ndian cultural ventures. E ast I ndian culture was le largely to those persons who, for the love of the culture, ensured that it did not pass into oblivion. ese activists in 1964 formed the N ational Council of I ndian Music and Drama, later to emerge as the N ational Council of I ndian Culture (N CI C). I ndian culture was mainly a small village affair, practised at weddings, village temples, and at religious gatherings like Y agnas, Pujas, Divali celebrations, and so on. I t was exclusively within the E ast I ndian community with little eort made to go beyond. Then came the declaration of Divali as a national holiday in 1966. e Maha Sabha through Bhadase Sagan Maraj organized the rst national celebration of an E ast I ndian festival at G opaul Lands in Marabella, taking it out of the connes of the E ast I ndian village. I was an active member of the organizing committee. I t was a tremendous success, ran for three consecutive years, and had the eect of alerting the wider community that there were other strong cultural practices in our nation. For the 10th anniversary celebrations of our I ndependence, the N C I C organized a series of cultural performances throughout the country. We approached the G overnment for nancial assistance, and a delegation comprising Hans Hanoomansingh, N arsaloo R amaya and myself met with the Minister responsible for the celebrations. He oered the princely sum of $10,000 with the proviso that at no time were we to announce that the G overnment had supported the N CI Cs programme as E ast I ndian culture was not considered as part of Trinbagonian culture. is was the public space in which E ast I ndian culture operated during the rst decade aer independence. What would you most like to see in the development of Indian culture in Trinidad and Tobago? I would like to see our culture in its traditional forms retained and propagated alongside the new developments in our cultural practices. Too many of our cultural traditions have been lost forever. Local I ndian classical singing is one of our traditional cultural forms that has thus far survived, but is in danger of being lost. is has been recognized and strenuous eorts are now being made to ensure its survival. I would also like to see the N C I C cultural complex in Chaguanas develop fully, making it a cultural mecca second to none, where patrons and visitors can come, experience and participate in the rich culture of the I ndo-Trinbagonian in all its glory. Finally, I would like to see equitable treatment of the culture. e policy of multiculturalism is a step in the right direction but I would like to see this policy properly dened, explained, debated and made ocial government policy. What does this honorary degree mean to you? To me it means that I ndian culture is taking its rightful place in the cultural space of my country, Trinidad and Tobago, as premier institutions such as e U niversity of the West I ndies take note of the eorts of those who have toiled voluntarily for most of their lives to ensure the survival and growth of an intrinsic part of the culture of our beloved homeland. I am the son of an E ast I ndian indentured labourer who came to Trinidad in search of a better life, a labourer who was totally unlettered in the E nglish language and who toiled on the sugar plantation at Williamsville. at his son today is being honoured by such a prestigious institution is cause for much satisfaction to me personally, my family and my ancestors. I have been taught to live by the dictum enunciated by Lord Krishna in the Bhagwat G ita as follows: Y our right is to work only, but never to the fruit thereof. I have followed this injunction as faithfully as I could and though I never looked for rewards, I gratefully and humbly accept the honorary degree as recognition of my lifelong voluntary work in the promotion and preservation of our culture. ere is much more to be done and I vow to continue as long as I can. (Please visit our website at http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/ default.asp for the full version of this article) Opening a wider space for Indian culture MR DEO KIN AN AN SH ARMA

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10 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2012 ENERGY UWI GRADUATION CEREMONIES 2012HONORARY GRADUAND MICHAEL MANSOORe UWI St. Augustine Campus will confer an honorary LLD on banker, Mr. Michael Mansoor, during its graduation ceremonies in O ctober 2012. Mr Mansoor shared some thoughts on a country that may have come of age.As a former Campus Council Chairman, you probably take a close interest in the development of The UWI, if you had to identify two areas where you think it needs to put special attention in terms of regional development, what would they be? First of all I believe UWI is a Caribbean success story and one of the institutions that is a source of West I ndian pride. UWI has over the decades met and oen exceeded reasonable regional expectations. That said, U W I like all developing organizations, is a work in progress and therefore has to continually adjust and adapt its strategic objectives programmes and initiatives to remain relevant in a globalized and ever changing world. O ne major challenge is the reality of global competition and the obvious need to ensure that our educational output is world class and prepares our graduates for the ercely competitive arena that globalization has created. e reality is that in just about every eld of endeavour our graduates have to match their skills and acumen with the best in the world because the world has become a small village and more and more, customers have ready access to global choices. E ven cultural artefacts and mementoes get manufactured elsewhere because of quality, cost and scale. I have no doubt that our students have the ability and the smarts to be among the worlds best. e challenge for UWI today and the future is to ensure that our students get the best in terms of course content, faculty, research opportunities, and the oen very costly infrastructure that having the best entails. For us with limited size and scale and island economies that are oen stressed, this is oen not readily achievable and requires that we do more with less. e choices and decisions are however, not simple and straightforward, and even obvious solutions like specialization in this or that eld have to be rationalized with the need to be all things to all men in a region where students have limited opportunities. Another area of opportunity is to explore the eciencies of more integration among the various campuses. We have seen the phenomenon of several business houses in the region attempting to create West I ndian organizations rather than a series of individual businesses in dierent countries with some degree of success. e possibilities and the problems are similar to those that have bedevilled other attempts to regionalize trade, economics, jurisprudence and the hugely more complex mineeld of political governance. However, I sense that U W I is perhaps one of the few major organizations that can benet greatly from the exploration of this option as in the end it will make it easier for us to compete globally because of the benets of specialization, scale and focus. N one of this however makes me alter my view that U W I has achieved far more than we could have hoped for over its relatively short history. What or who would you say has been the most powerful inuence on your life? An accurate answer about the single most powerful influence in ones life perhaps requires a level of self knowledge and introspection that may have eluded me. I n my case, my dear mother was the greatest teacher and motivator and perhaps understood best how to get me to stay on the narrow road. She taught the values and the qualities of the heart that guide me to this day. She also knew and taught lifes skills, and indeed I remember clearly the exact time and place when she nally impressed upon me that doing well academically was the only way I could make a success of life. I f I had to single out one teacher who altered my outlook and perspective on lifes possibilities, it was Father P edro Valdez at St. Marys College. Despite his over arching responsibilities as P rincipal of the College he had the ability to reach and motivate individual students at critical turning points in their journey. Clearly there were others and I am particularly grateful to Father Knolly Knox and Fr Toba Valdez for their most signicant interventions. e early inuencers are the most powerful, but of course, lifelong friends, mentors and most importantly, Maureen, my wife of 42 years, and our two children, Allan and N atalie, mould and shape lifes experiences. I am grateful to all. At 50, where would you say Trinidad and Tobago has done its best? At 50, Trinidad and Tobago has done well to preserve our democracy and has managed well the fundamental diculties of diversity in ethnicity, religion and relative achievement, broadly dened. Clearly we had our skirmishes with disorder, but we can be proud of the maintenance of the most important of our political institutions in those times of stress. e peaceful transfers of executive power between the major political groups over the years in all this diversity constitute a major accomplishment. We can also, I think, be very proud of our economic and cultural achievements. e deeper monetization of our natural resources, the creation of the petro chemical sector and our credible successes in light manufacturing and the service economy are major achievements and we can be very proud of the people who made this possible, both from the public, and local and international private sectors. Culturally, we are easily dened and easily dierentiated and the evolution of our art forms and modes of expression attests to the richness and uniqueness of our core identity and our innate creativity. I n the end, it is our people that we have to be most proud of and the talents and acumen and the diversity that they individually bring to the table and I am thinking of so many of our citizens who have done so well right here in T&T and abroad. Y ou have not asked the question as to whether we can safely say that we have done our best or what we could have done better. at of course is a much more challenging question particularly if one is asked for precise and detailed prescriptions to remedy any perceived deciencies more challenging, but more in line with the national discourse and dialogue as I hear it. What does this honorary LLD degree mean to you? ere are the usual emotions of surprise, humility and gratitude. I n the end one gets to a realization that to those whom much is given, even more is expected. E ssentially the award is a challenge to do more and to contribute more. A challenge indeed! TO do more with less M R MIC H A EL M A N S OO R

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SUNDAY 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 11 ENERGY ENVIRONMENTWise Use of Our WaterBy Rajesh KandhaiThe environmental issues associated with water consumption include resource depletion as well as the impacts associated with treating water to bring it to a quality t for consumption. In Trinidad and Tobago, this involves chlorination (destroying pathogens in the untreated water) and use of occulants (removing sediment). Additionally the impacts of water shortage are well known. We have experienced severe dry spells in the past. According to the ODPM, a severe drought was experienced in the last three months of 2009 extending into the rst quarter of 2010. Individuals should adapt lifestyles to more fully integrate water conservation practices into daily routines as these can ease the eects of a drought. In many parts of Trinidad we are still paying xed water rates domestically. There are now efforts to install meters and charge consumers based on actual consumption, which will eventually drive consumption behaviors. The following are tips from the Water and Sewerage Authority (WASA) regarding domestic water conservation. CHE C K F OR LE A KS possible. the tank. If the toilet is leaking, colour will appear in the toilet bowl within 30 minutes. one drop per second wastes 10,000 litres per day. THE UT ILI T Y ROO M with full loads. quantity of low sudsing detergent. Pre-soak very dirty items overnight. uses the least water per pound of wash and check energy consumption. THE K I TC HEN foods. Defrost food overnight in the refrigerator or use the defrost setting on your microwave. bursts of water. dish meals. W ASTE GENERATION According to the Sustainability Report 2012 for Trinidad and Tobago, approximately 1000 tonnes of waste reaches our landlls daily. The waste generated per person ranges from 0.55kg in rural areas to 1.75kg in commercialised areas reducing our domestic waste generation can be achieved in the following ways: water bottles instead of a new one everyday; reuse bottles, smarter purchasing, choose items with less packaging, use and install recycle bins (many recycle collection companies operate locally now). home). Reducing our impact on the environment is a collective effort and requires people who care and who are informed. Rajesh Kandhai is M anager, Occupational H ealth, S afety and the Environment, UWI, S t. Augustine. Trinbagonians are connoisseurs of wild meat: agouti, lappe, wild hog, deer, manicou. I t matters not the price; which ranges from $40 per pound for agouti to up to $150 per pound for wild hog. Trinidad and Tobagos population looks forward to the hunting season (O ctober to February) every year to acquire their portion of wild meat. Hunter return cards for 2010 to 2011 at the Forestry Division indicate that over 7,167 agouti, 2,797 lappe, 1,193 wild hogs and 3,081 deer were harvested from our forests. e gures are unsustainably high. E ven the hunters complain that it takes longer to catch an animal and they have to go further into the forests to do so. On September 8, Minister of Environment and Water R esources, Ganga Singh, revealed that the reported overall figure for the past year was 20,000, but said this was more realistically around 50,000. e Minister noted that these were unacceptably high gures that threatened the ecological balance of the islands and recommended that we look towards neighbours like G uyana as possible sources for importing the popular meat. ere are other options as well. P rofessor G ary G arcia, a Livestock P roduction Specialist in the Department of Food P roduction at UWI s Faculty of Food and Agriculture, has been rearing and encouraging the rearing of wildlife since 1994. He has had the foresight to initiate research and collaboration with several local wildlife farmers and neo-tropical countries in Latin America to share and discuss information on some of the animal species indigenous to this region. He and 10 of his graduate students, together with four UTT sta and students, attended the 10th Conference on Amazonian Wildlife [XCIMFA UN A] in Salta, Argentina recently. C I MFA UN A is the I nternational Congress on the Management of Amazonian and Latin American Wildlife, which was organized to help advance and improve the management of wildlife or neo-tropical animals (nondomesticated animals of the N ew World: Central America, South America and the Caribbean). This is the only conference of its kind in the world which focuses solely on neo-tropical animals. P rogress in wildlife management has been made through a variety of initiatives that focused attention on studies and management programmes that integrated information on wildlife populations with the socio-economic human population around them, recipients of direct wildlife resource use, in order to benet from the lessons learned, evaluating the achievements and constraints encountered in developing them. This year, the organizing committee approved the unanimous recommendation for Trinidad and Tobago to host the X I C I MFA UN A in August 2014. e X I C I MFA UN A will be hosted by e UWI, under the new Faculty of Food and Agriculture in collaboration with UTT as well as other stakeholders.Where e Wild ings Are Prof. Gary Garcia (centre) and the contingent celebrate aer winning the bid to host the next conference. F ieen persons comprising lecturers, PhD and MSc students, journeyed to Salta, Argentina in May 2012. is was the largest contingent from a non-Spanish speaking country to ever attend the CIMF A UN A since its inception in 1992.

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SUNDAY 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 13 She opens the door to the tiny workshop just o her kitchen and instantly my spirits leap. e smell is divine. I feel like a child walking into G rannys kitchen, the scent of her famous chocolate cake waing from the oven. For G ina Hardy entering the Trini chocolate scene was accidental; I think it was fate. Let me put out some chocolates for you, she says. A minute later she sets down a plate holding a row of three little balls: her chocolate trues. O oh La La, she begins, indicating the pink speckled one. I ts made with cranberries and currants which have been soaked in apricot brandy and then rolled in pink powdered sugar. I soak it for a couple of days, let it get all nice and plump and it just avours the chocolate so well. I ts incredibly fruity. e P om P om, her newest, is a vegan version, made with organic coconut oil, cayenne pepper and P AMA P omegranate Liqueur, rolled in pure chocolate and cranberries. e Death by Chocolate is made with 70 per cent cocoa, scotch whiskey and double cream and rolled in cocoa. G o ahead. Try it, G ina says, and for a few minutes, I m in heaven. I t has to be fate. How else would a Singaporean who studied law and economics in England, then worked at a bank there, become a chocolate true maker in Trinidad? I dont know, G ina says. I suppose I fell in love with a Trinidadian and here I am. She met her husband while working in England and came to Trinidad with him in 2007. I t was a chance to do something completely dierent, and like so many things Trini, it all began with a party. Her mother-in-law decided to throw a dinner party in honour of their move to Trinidad and she asked me what I was going to contribute to the party and I said well I ll make some chocolate trues. R ather arrogant, she reects, because I never made trues in my life. N onetheless, she tried her hand at it and can now tell the story of the unplanned conception of G inas Chocolate Trues. My rst batch of trues I made for that party, and that was what would become the Trini True, made with rum, almonds and rolled in toasted coconut. I t was a success at the party, she says, and, lled with condence in her newly discovered talent, she made more. I would start packaging them up to take as little gis, like to someones house for a party, or as a gi to the hostess. One day, a friend suggested that she should start taking orders, and I said no, its just something I m dabbling in. I t took some inveigling on her friends part, but I nally started taking my orders in December 2008 and its just kind of gone from strength to strength from there. I ve always loved chocolate, she says. E ven as a child I would save my pocket money to buy really good quality chocolate, French, Swiss and dark chocolate, thats what I love. ough she had no formal training, her interest in the culinary arts was all she needed. She did lots of research and loads of experimenting with dierent ingredients and techniques, to create the trues that have been described as the best I ve ever eaten by Brian MacFarlane and likened to sex and candy by one Facebook fan. G ina says her trues are all handmade and she uses local ingredients as far as possible. I use Trinidadian rum in my Trini Trues and I use organic coconut as well which is also from Trinidad, which I toast and process myself, she says, and you know you cant live in Trinidad for very long without nding out that Trinidads got some of the nest cocoa in the world. Trinitario cocoa beans. I nitially it was impossible for her to nd rened chocolate made from Trinidads cocoa beans, so she imported chocolate from Belgium. However, the plan was always to use Trinidad cocoa eventually, she says and so, once she was able to secure a supply of ready-made Trinidadian dark chocolate from Cocobel, she was happy to make the switch. My trues have denitely improved, she says, from the avour and the texture, to the feedback that I ve been getting from my customers. ey absolutely love it ... its obviously of a much higher quality. She didnt know about Trinidads cocoa when she rst started out, much less the Cocoa R esearch U nit (CRU) at e UWI. I t was during her research that she encountered the name. When people learned that she was living in Trinidad and making chocolate trues, theyd immediately mention Trinidads high quality Trinitario beans. I t seems to be embedded in the national psyche that Trinidad has the best cocoa in the world ... so I just thought well, let me try it out. But she needed to learn more. She went online, did some research and came upon a professor in the States, who told her that UWI s CRU is one of the best in the world and referred her to Dr. Darin Sukha. She gave him a call and set up a meeting. at was in 2009. I remember taking a sort of amateurish looking box of chocolates to him, she recalls, and we just had a good old chat about what was going on in the Cocoa R esearch U nit and how they could help me. From then on, she worked intensively with the CRU to develop G inas Chocolate Trues and theyve been invaluable in their support and guidance. G ina has gotten a lot out of her relationship with the CRU including making connections with other chocolate makers in Trinidad who share her passion for Trinidads cocoa and helping to rejuvenate the countrys cocoa and chocolate industry and to further the name of Trinidad cocoa internationally. I f we all work together, she says, we can market it as a tremendous product, which is what were trying to do. is year, the CRU celebrates its 50th anniversary and G inas looking forward to being a part of the festivities. Shes especially excited about participating in the training sessions on the use of chocolate in cooking. A selection of Ginas personally handmade truesPHOTO: MARK GELLINEAUBY SER AH A CHAM COCOA RESEARCH UNIT MARKS 50 YEARS Ginas Chocolate Trues can be found at Malabar Gourmet Shop in Maraval, Stetchers at Piarco, and Petit Gourmet in St. Clair. She also takes direct orders via her Facebook page or e-mail (ginastrinidad@gmail.com). Death by ChocolatePHOTO: MARK GELLINEAUGina H ardy, the accidental chocolatierPHOTO COURTESY ISLANDS MAGAZINEDeath by Chocolate

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14 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2012 ENERGY BOOKSNew chairs Indian studies The UWI has signed a Memorandum of held for periods of two academic years at a time with an option to extend for another year. purpose to develop and strengthen the relationship between India and Trinidad and Tobago, which itself is part of a wider focus with various countries and higher education institutions. To this end, the Office of Institutional Advancement & Internationalisation has been involved in arranging several interactions in partnership with foreign institutions. In the case of India, this has included conferences on the have also been research collaborations with various institutes, such as the medical sciences have come and gone, through exchanges such studies, and Indian academics spending time at sta in dierent disciplines. The exchanges have been many, with cultural programmes featuring Indian artistes from dierent genres and lm festivals that weaken the concept that Indian lm strictly follows a Bollywood formula. Dr N oel Kalicharan, Senior Lecturer in Computer Science, recently published his seventeenth book, DigitalMath Math I n Y our Hands. His other 16 have been in computer science, this being his rst in mathematics and, in particular, arithmetic. And even though some of his computing books are used at several universities around the world, he thinks that DigitalMath could be his most important work. Why? Because it has the potential to revolutionize the way everyone, of all ages, does arithmetic. Weve all grown up with the notion that we can count to ten on our ngers. By counting the joints, we can go a bit further. With DigitalMath, you can easily and quickly count up to 99 and beyond without taking o your shoes. But its not really about counting. I ts about being able to do real arithmetic (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division) using only the ngers of both hands. For example, can you add the numbers: 4, 9, 5, 8, 3, 7, 9, 8, 8, 6, 5 as fast as they are called or multiply 48 x 8 or 89 x 7 quickly? Aer just a few hours with DigitalMath, you will be able to do these and more quickly and accurately, in fact, faster than someone using a calculator, says Dr Kalicharan. He worked with nine and ten-year-old students of Jordan Hill P resbyterian School during the last week of the school term and the rst few weeks of the vacation, two to four hours per week. A video of the students doing fairly complex calculations with amazing speed and accuracy is impressive. (Y ou can see it here https://docs.google.com/o pen?id=0BzCwv8V O4MpY enZ2a1F6dHN oVTA) Two things stood out. O ne was that almost all the children were giving the correct answers to the problems. is was a far cry from the typical class where only the brighter students usually answer. e second was that they all seemed to be enjoying what they were doing. How oen can you say that about a typical math class? N umbers play a big part in our everyday lives and those who are good with numbers are normally regarded A Revolutionary W ay to Count as more intelligent than those who arent. is becomes a self-fullling prophecy. e book gives everyone a unique opportunity to become good with numbers, says Dr Kalicharan. He believes that those who say they dislike, or even hate, mathematics really hate the idea of not being able to do it well. Most likely, they had diculties early on and these were never resolved. I f we try our hand at something and we fail, we dont try so hard the next time, especially if our eorts are ridiculed and discouraged by teachers, parents and peers. So we fail again. Aer a little while, we give up, thinking we are no good at this. I t is this emotional and mental road-block, not lack of ability that prevents most of us from doing well in mathematics, he says. e state of numeracy in most countries is abysmally low. U ntold billions of dollars have been spent trying to redress this, but the problem seems to be getting worse. DigitalMath is the new fun kid on the block and, with it, Dr Kalicharan hopes to have everyone tapping away on their ngers while they learn to perform the elusive operations of arithmetic with speed and accuracy. St. Augustine Campus Principal, Prof Clement Sankat, signs the M OU with I ndian H igh Commissioner, Malay Mishra. F rom left: Huanggang N ormal University A Confucius Institute roll out the scroll that was presented to St. Augustine during a recent visit. and is run as a partnership between the local university, a

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SUNDAY 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2012 UWI TODAY 15 ENERGY CAMPUS NEWSCOTE 2012Life after 50By Timothy Woolford I t has been said that an expert is not someone who is highly trained, qualified or even ably skilled, but rather someone who has made every possible mistake and so knows exactly what not to do. It may be argued that one never truly reaches the mark of being an expert, but rather standpoint the same can be said of the concept of development. Much has been said on this concept and yet no denition of the term has come to be universally accepted as a norm to which all countries aspire. Instead many nations are called to answer the simple question posed you grow up? 50 years of M anaging for Development in an E verchanging E conomic E nvironment: L essons L earnt and the Way F orward, highlights its signicance, particularly as the nation marks its golden anniversary of independence. Trinidad and Tobago Ewart Williams. The honoree last year in featuring an essay competition for secondary schools as well as a debate competition for undergraduate students of the in a poster competition. Department of Economics will take place at the 11 and 12. There will be evening sessions each and Social Economics. The evening sessions are free and open to all. Only a few weeks into his appointment, Associate Director of the I MFs Western Hemisphere Department Saul Lizondo faced what must have been his most tenacious audience yet as the new IMF engaged a young generation of critical thinkers at e UWI. On September 5, collaborating with e UWI, a panel of representatives from the I nternational Monetary Fund (IMF) sought to give the nations tertiary students an unprecedented opportunity to actively contribute to the discourse on key economic issues facing the region. More importantly, the Town Hall format gave the nations budding economists and commentators the chance to ask the IMF all the tough questions. I n summary they all amounted to one common position; an outright challenge of the notion of a new IMF. The panel consisting Associate Director Lizondo; Deputy Division Chief of the Western Hemisphere Department, Therese Turner-Jones; the I MFs Senior R esident R epresentative in Jamaica, Dr. G ene Leon and U W I St. Augustines E conomics Department Head, Mr. Martin Franklin was eased into the discussion as they were invited to speak on the role of the IMF and regional perception of the Fund. Mr. Lizondo outlined three key functions of the Fund as surveillance, and the provision of nancial and technical assistance noting that the Caribbean receives approximately 11% of the technical assistance provided by the IMF. I n his contribution, Dr. Leon quickly dispelled the perception of the Fund applying cookie-cutter policies in various regions. He explained that countries coming to the IMF when crisis has already hit are likely to receive similar treatments, he argued that this was signicantly dierent to the approach of the IMF when the Fund is engaged outside of situations of economic crisis. Fielding the rst question from the audience seemed to put the Associate Director a little on the backfoot. e panel was asked to present an example of how the new touchy-feely I MF has taken a dierent approach to treating Students leery of new IMFBY TERRIANN TH O MPSONwith a Caribbean country within the last ve years, citing the approach applied in Trinidad and Tobago in the 1980s. Mr. Lizondo found himself conceding that his opening statement I think some things do not change was not the ideal way to begin; the student audience certainly agreed. He did however go on to explain that the new IMF is developing more exible policies and paying particular attention to protecting social spending in the countries in which the Fund intervenes. Dr. Leon, anticipating that the recent Jamaica intervention must have been on the minds of many attendees, provided evidence of a new IMF by referencing the Funds policy in a Jamaica where 140% of GD P represented the countrys debt. e policy applied in the Jamaican context included debt exchange to reduce the payments on interest and containment of G overnment spending among other strategies. He noted there was no devaluation of the Jamaican dollar and the Fund insisted that expenditure on social protection programmes was actually increased rather than decreased as part of overall expenditure. Whether the students were satised with the evidence supporting the concept of a new IMF remains unclear as many of them asked, only in dierent ways, whether a leopard can indeed change its spots. What was obvious, however, was that the new generation came prepared to say to the IMF that it was well informed of the Funds history in the region and would continue to hold it up to close scrutiny. e sizeable IMF contingent, including the panelists welcomed one-on-one engagement with attendees at the end of the session. e I MF/ U W I Town Hall Meeting was held at the Daaga Auditorium, U W I St. Augustine. I t followed a similar forum hosted at the U W I s Cave Hill campus in Barbados. Campus P rincipal, P rofessor Clement Sankat brought welcome remarks and the forum was moderated by journalist, Vernon R amesar.F rom le: Associate Director of the IMF s W estern H emisphere Department Saul L izondo, UWI St. Augustines E conomics Department H ead, Mr. Martin F ranklin, Deputy Division Chief of the W estern H emisphere Department, erese Turner-Jones, St. Augustine Campus Principal, Professor Clement Sankat, IMF s Senior Resident Representative in Jamaica, Dr. Gene L eon and Dr Marlene Attzs, L ecturer Sustainable E conomic Development U nit, UWI.PHOTO: RICHARD SPENCE.e discussions went on outside as well as students connected with the Deputy Director of the IMF s F iscal Aairs Department. Gilbert Terrier. PHOTO: RICHARD SPENCE.Whether the students were satised with the evidence supporting the concept of a new IMF remains unclear as many of them asked, only in dierent ways, whether a leopard can indeed change its spots.

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16 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 30TH SEPTEMBER, 2012 UWI CALENDAR of EVENTSAU G U ST OCT O B E R 2012UWI T O DA Y is printed and distributed for e U niversity of the West I ndies, St Augustine Campus, through the kind support of Trinidad Publishing Co Ltd, 22-24 St Vincent Street, P ort of Spain, Trinidad, West I ndies. UWI T O DAY W ANTS T O HEAR F R O M Y OUUWI T O DA Y welcomes submissions by sta and students for publication in the paper. P lease send your suggestions, comments, or articles for consideration to uwitoday@sta.uwi.eduA NATIONS IDENTITY 3 August-12 October, 2012 The Alma Jordan Library UWI St Augustine Campus The Alma Jordan Library marks the 50th anniversary of Trinidad and Tobagos I ndependence with a special display titled, Forging the N ations I dentity: Trinidad and Tobago in 1962. All are invited to view the display at the ground oor of the Library until 12th O ctober, 2012, as well as online until December, 2012. For further information, please contact the Alma Jordan Library at 662-2002 ext 82132, 82131, 84030. UWI SPEC INTERNATIONAL HALF-MARATHON 28 October, 2012 Sports and Physical Education Centre UWI St. Augustine Campus The U W I St. Augustine Campus once again hosts its signature U W I S PE C I nternational Half-Marathon sponsored by First Citizens. is year the 13.1 mile route of the Half-Marathon remains unchanged. e race will continue along the trac-free P riority Bus R oute (P B R) to the La R esource Junction in DAbadie, before doubling back to UWI S PEC. e course will be complete with markers and water stops at every mile for the running convenience of the athletes from around the world including the Caribbean, USA, Latin America and E urope. For further information, please contact e UWI SPEC at (868) 662-2002 Ext. 82660, or 83556 or specinfo@sta.uwi.edu. GLOBAL V ALUE CHAINS 8-12 October, 2012 Institute of Critical Thinking UWI, St. Augustine Campus The Caribbean Centre for Competitiveness (CCfC) hosts a workshop titled G lobal Value Chains and I ndustry Competitiveness in the Caribbean; I dentifying O pportunities for G rowth, at the I nstitute of Critical Thinking. At this workshop, participants will gain an understanding of how to map value chains and identify lead rms, key markets and trends occurring in specic industries, in addition to other skills. For further information, please contact the CCfC Secretariat at 662-2002 ext 83938, 84134, 85481, or via e-mail at ccfc@sta.uwi.edu. COTE 2012 11-12 October, 2012 Learning Resource Centre UWI St Augustine Campus e Department of E conomics hosts its sixth annual Conference on the E conomy. C O TE 2012 is an annual landmark event of the Department at which ndings from quality research and other studies are presented to inform stakeholders on economic and social policy. This year, C O T E 2012 coincides with the 50th Anniversary of Trinidad and Tobagos I ndependence and the conference will focus on the theme years of Managing for Development in an E ver Changing E conomic Environment: Lessons learnt and the way forward. For further information, please contact the Conference Secretariat at 662-2002 Exts 83231, or via e-mail at cote@sta.uwi.edu. WILDLIFE C ONSERVATION IN AFRICA 15 October, 2012 Eric Williams Medical Sciences Complex Mt Hope U W I s School of Veterinary Medicine hosts a seminar by Dr. Wouter van Hoven, P rofessor in Wildlife Management, U niversity of P retoria, South Africa, titled The Future of Wildlife Conservation in Africa and the I mportance of Veterinary Services. is seminar will focus on the threats to wildlife and the decline in numbers of most species on the African continent. For further information, please contact Dr. Karla Georges at 645-2640 ext. 4226/4341, or via e-mail at karla.georges@sta.uwi.edu. UWI ST A UGUSTINE GRADUATION 2012 25 October, 2012 UWI-SPEC, St Augustine Campus THURSDAY 25TH OCT O B ER 2012: STRI CTL Y for graduands of the Faculty of Science & Agriculture/ P ure & Applied Sciences STRI CTL Y for graduands of the Faculties of Engineering & Law FRIDAY 26TH OCT O B ER 2012: STR I CT L Y for U ndergraduate graduands of the Faculty of Social Sciences (FSS) with surnames beginning with the letters A-L and graduands of the Arthur Lok Jack G raduate School of Business (ALJ GSB) STRI CTL Y for FSS U ndergraduate graduands with surnames beginning with the letters M-Z and P ostgraduate graduands from the Departments of Management Studies, E conomics, Behavioural Sciences, I nstitute of I nternational R elations, Sir Arthur Lewis I nstitute of Social & E conomics Studies and the I nstitute of G ender & Development Studies SATURDAY 27TH OCT O B ER 2012: STRI CTL Y for graduands of the Faculty of Humanities and E ducation STRI CTL Y for graduands of the Faculty of Medical Sciences For further information, please contact Examinations at 662-2002 ext 82155 or 83008