UWI today
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094180/00039
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Title: UWI today
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Language: English
Publisher: UWI Marketing and Communications Office
Place of Publication: St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Publication Date: 03-25-2012
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MENTAL HEALTH 10e End of Optimism Reality check BOOKS 14e Priest who Preached Slavery Barry Higman reviewed ECONOMY 08Putting Food on the Table Culinary Tourism ESSAY 15What a Good Education means Ian McDonaldTake a closer look is the invitation that is the theme of e UWIs 2011 Annual Report which is being presented at the annual Campus Council meeting in two days. For an accountant it could oer the scrutiny of an audit; for a scientist, it might be associated with the magnication required for the study of minutiae. While it connects to transparency and accountability essential concepts in the forelock of good governance it is also driven by the recognition that sometimes our gaze can be so xed at whats happening at eye level that we miss out on whats happening underfoot. Unseen, there is an energetic, focused community going industriously about its business of building. To see it, you just have to take a closer look. Take a CLOSER LOOK


SUNDAY 25TH MARCH, 2012 UWI TODAY 3 EDITORIAL TEAMCAMPUS PRIN CIPAL Professor Clement Sankat D IRECT O R O F MARKE TING AND CO MMUNICA TI ONS Mrs. Dawn-Marie De Four-Gill E DIT OR Ms. Vaneisa Baksh C ONT A CT US The UWI Marketing and Communications Ofce Tel: (868) 662-2002, exts. 82013 / 82014 Or email: uwitoday@sta.uwi.edu FROM THE PRINCIPAL CAMPUS NEWSProfessor R hoda R eddock was conferred with an Honorary Doctorate by one of the leading tertiary level institutions in S outh A frica earlier this month. e UWI Deputy P rincipal for the S t. A ugustine Campus is well known for her research, scholarship and community service, which has been recognized by the University of the Western Cape in Bellville. P ast honorees include N elson Mandela, Basil Davidson, O liver Tambo and G raca Machel. The Universitys Chancellor is A rchbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu. Rhoda E lizabeth Reddock is professor of G ender, S ocial Change and Development and former head of the Centre for G ender and Development S tudies at The UWI S t. A ugustine Campus. Her research and teaching interests have been multidisciplinary but have been concentrated in the broad areas of development studies, women, masculinities and gender. S he has served as consultant to a number of regional and international agencies, including the CARIC O M S ecretariat, E uropean Union ( E U), Food and A griculture O rganisation (F AO ), the International L abour O rganisation (I LO ), United N ations Development P rogramme (U N D P ), the United N ations Development Fund for Women (U N IF E M), A WID and the G overnment of Trinidad and Tobago. S he holds a B S c S ocial A dministration from e UWI (S t. A ugustine and Mona Campuses), a Masters of Development S tudies from the Institute of S ocial S tudies, e Hague and a Doctorat S ocial S ciences ( A pplied S ociology) from the University of A msterdam. A graduate of Bishop A nstey High S chool, P rof Reddocks academic career began as a lecturer at Cipriani L abour College and associate lecturer at the Institute of S ocial S tudies, e Hague. S he began her UWI career as a research fellow at the Institute for S ocial and E conomic Research of the UWI S t. A ugustine Campus in 1985; then became a lecturer in the Department of S ociology in 1990. S he was actively involved in the process leading up to the institutionalisation of gender studies at UWI and assumed her former position as head, Centre for G ender and Development S tudies, S t. A ugustine in 1994. P rof Reddock was a founding member and rst chair of the Caribbean A ssociation for Feminist Research and A ction (C A FR A ); an advisor to the G lobal Fund for Women and a member of the Regional A dvisory Committee of the G lobal Coalition on Women, G irls and A ID S established by U NA ID S S he is also a founding member of the Caribbean N etwork on S tudies of Masculinity. In addition she has served as deputy chair and Chair of the personnel committee of the Board of NIHERS T (e N ational Institute, Higher E ducation S cience and Technology) from 1996-2003 and on the board of the Mount Hope P atients Trust Fund. More recently she has been lead researcher of the action /research project Breaking the Silence: Child Sexual Abuse and Implications for HIV which is spearheading a national campaign.HONORARY DOCT ORA TEfor P rofessor Reddocke UWI Deputy Principal for the St. Augustine Campus has been recognized by the University of the Western Cape in BellvilleDo Take a Closer LookWeve just come to the end of the reporting period for 2010-2011 at the S t. A ugustine Campus and in just two days our Campus Council will meet to review the year and plan for the next. The Campus Council functions practically as a board of directors does for a corporation, and at this meeting, we are required to present our A nnual Report and our A udited Financial S tatements for 2010/11 for discussion with key stakeholders in the public and private sectors as well as the regional UWI. e year under review added many dimensions to the Campus some of which are described on the following page and was not without its challenges. From broad external factors such as the national, regional and international nancial climate to those more specic to the management of tertiary level institutions; weve weathered many changes. ey have been instructive in shaping how we perceive and plan for the future. We set our sights on a few key areas of development: Responsibility, Responsiveness, Relevance and Impact and Repositioning, and these broad frames have been a guide to our development. It is reected in the nancial prudence we applied to campus management. It is reected in our eorts to respond to the calls for greater access and to expand our presence and oerings to a wider group, especially at the post-graduate level. It is reected in the nature of the research that has been conducted, in diabetes, for instance, that answers to a growing malaise in Caribbean society that has dire repercussions for the regions health and human resources. It is there in the repositioning of key oces to intensify their focus and impact, such as the transformation of the Business Development O ce to the Research Development and K nowledge Transfer O ce and the International O ce becoming the O ce of Institutional A dvancement and Internationalisation. It is there in working towards the creation of a Faculty of L aw, a Faculty of Food and A griculture and a Faculty of S cience and Technology to continue to enhance quality through institutional accreditation by A CTT and programme accreditation through various international and regional bodies. It is there in many dierent things we accomplished over the past year, many of which may have passed under the radar of the general public. is is why we urge you to take a closer look, and to discover or perhaps, re-discover the many ways in which your university, the UWI S t. A ugustine Campus, is continuing to build on its 52-year-old tradition of academic excellence and to shape national and regional development for the future.C LEMEN T K S ANKA TPro Vice Chancellor & Principal


4 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH MARCH, 2012 CAMPUS NEWS EXPANDING A CCESS The UWI has a mandate to expand access to communities across the region. In February 2011, the G overnment of Trinidad and Tobago granted 100 acres of former Caroni sugar lands for the construction of what will be the S t. A ugustine S outh Campus. L ocated in Debe, construction was scheduled to begin this year with the rst intake of students from the Faculty of L aw to come in A ugust/S eptember. ere were important developments in Tobago as well, albeit not as dramatic. S tudents in Tobago have for many years been able to pursue programmes at the UWI S t. A ugustine using distance learning technology. While it has made tertiary education more aordable and accessible, it is not the ideal. e campus expanded the number of faceto-face options available to persons interested in pursuing the Diploma in E ducation, and for the first time, the International Masters in Business A dministration (IMB A) was delivered this way in Tobago. Regionally, using distance learning technology, the rst S ummer P rogramme in the OECS (S t. K itts) was oered and the number of programmes delivered in conjunction with universities in S uriname and G uyana continues to grow. RELE V ANT RESEARCH In 2008, in implementing our 2007-2012 S trategic P lan, we paid particular attention to the need to improve support for and supervision of our graduate researchers and to encourage more students to choose to pursue postgraduate research degrees. While progress was steady in the rst two areas, in 2011, despite only minor uctuations in the overall campus population and the number of postgraduate students (increases of 3% and 7% respectively), the number of graduate students pursuing research degrees was up 33%. We have sharpened our research focus on projects that are relevant to the current and future demands of our region and where there are potential partnerships local, regional and international. Two excellent examples of such partnerships in 2011: DERPI A er testing almost 70,000 school children aged 517 years in Trinidad during 2009 for urine glucose, the ndings of the Diabetes E ducation Research and P revention Institute (D ERP i) P roject were presented. e P roject was established through a $5m grant from Mrs Helen Bhagwansingh to provide information about the prevalence of diabetes among children and adolescents in Trinidad and Tobago and to determine early preventative measures. With the incidence of childhood diabetes increasing three-fold locally over the last decade, this important partnership between private sector donors and e UWI has the potential to save the lives and improve the quality of life for thousands across the Caribbean. m-Fisheries e m-Fisheries project, a collaboration between the UWI and MIT, put smart-phones in the hands of more than four dozen sher-folk and created mobile applications that could help them catch more sh, get better prices on the local market, and maybe even save their lives. C ALL AND RESPONSE During the 2011 reporting period, current students, graduates, employers and readers of publications like S T AN P elican and UWI Today were surveyed to nd out more about them and how they could be better served. N ew partnerships were formed with organisations such as the Trinidad & Tobago Bureau of S tandards and the A CC A and earlier partnerships bore fruit with the introduction of new programmes in E ducation, Journalism, A ccounting and Creative Design Entrepreneurship. Within the UWI family itself, the S t. A ugustine Campus has been working closely with our colleagues at Mona on the establishment of a Faculty of Engineering there to meet the growing need for qualied persons in that locale. FINANCES e Campus understands the nancial constraints facing regional economies and the eect that is having on our key funding agents and supporters, sta and students. We continue to focus on increasing efficiency in both academic and administrative areas, and while sacrices have been asked and made, we have not compromised the quality of our output or our level of service to our stakeholders. O ur ability to meet the challenges we face depends heavily on our sta and our ability to transform the leadership and culture of the campus. In one related initiative the Works Department has been designated the Facilities Management Division, with its new Director expected to have a dierent approach to the maintenance and management of the physical infrastructure of the Campus. A nother seemingly unrelated change was the removal of almost all of the fences on the main campus. e physical eect has been to bring administrative support sta into more direct contact with students. A dministrative changes ranged from campus tours as part of our recruitment drive, to testing an online examination system and the introduction of a new costeective IP/Voice P BX solution. C OMMITTED TO OUR STUDENTS S taff have been enrolling and qualifying in the S cholarship of Teaching and L earning programmes at a steady pace and attendance at workshops and seminars related to Instructional Development continues to be high. is should result in a steady improvement in teaching and learning. While work continues on the construction of teaching spaces, new CCTV cameras are helping to improve oncampus security, an ambulance service has been introduced, and digital screens installed at key locations on the Main Campus and at Mt. Hope now provide students and the general campus population with up-to-date information on admissions, registration, examinations, services and events. C OMMITTED TO OUR STAFF During the period under review, wage negotiations were concluded with the West Indies G roup of University Teachers (WI G UT) representing A cademic, S enior A dministrative and P rofessional S ta. N egotiations with the Oilelds Workers Trade Union (O WTU) representing A dministrative and Technical S ervices S ta ( A T SS ) are ongoing. Recruitment and retention of academic sta remains a challenge, particularly in areas such as Medical S ciences and E ngineering and among sta recruited internationally. O ne new initiative in this regard is a partnership with the Ministry of N ational S ecurity to quickly resolve immigration issues. is facility is also available to international students. C OMMITMENT TO OUR C OMMUNITY e UWI is well known for its conferences, seminars and forums on current issues. e names C O TE, BBF and the popular SAL I SES Forums are familiar in local and regional business circles and attract speakers and attendees considered to be at the top of their elds. A part from these, this year we also hosted forums that touched on issues such as road accidents, and the sustainable development of coastal communities. e Tele-health programme and others from the Faculty of Medical S ciences bring relief to citizens while providing practical experience to students. A ll Faculties are increasing opportunities for the integration of community projects into coursework. e expansion of the online resources of the Campus L ibraries and the launch of online journals in various elds, apart from providing avenues for publication, also make the research and knowledge of the campus more widely available to the general public. C OMMITTED TO QUALITY O ur local accreditation exercise was completed at the end of 2010, and the Campus was awarded institutional accreditation by the A ccreditation Council of Trinidad and Tobago ( A CTT) in May 2011 for a period of seven years. We submitted to the accreditation process not only to provide public assurance, but to take advantage of an opportunity to re-examine and rene what we do and how we do it. We celebrated 50 years of research with a publication showing the work of 50 top researchers on the campus, and with the TT Chapter of the A lumni A ssociation, we recognised 50 Distinguished A lumni. In addition, a number of UWI buildings now bear the names of some of those who made sterling contributions to the development of the campus and the University. S mall, elegant signs dot the landscape, succinctly telling the stories of each landmark, and providing daily reminders to the campus population that they are the inheritors and custodians of a proud legacy. At the annual Campus Council meeting of the St. Augustine Campus of The UWI, the Annual Report is presented. This meeting, chaired by Central Bank Governor Ewart Williams, is scheduled to take place on March 27. Discussions will include a review of the reporting period, 2011, and plans for the year ahead. The following is a summary of some of the activities of 2011, which form part of the Annual Report. ANNUAL REPORT 2010/2011What we did last year


SUNDAY 25TH MARCH, 2012 UWI TODAY 5 ENVVIRONMENT SS treets transformed by rising water, strewn bits and pieces of plastic and various forms of waste surface aer just a few minutes of rainfall. We expect it; we complain about it; but what are we doing about it? is much-too-familiar scenario should be enough to convince even the most uninterested observer that Trinidad and Tobago is nowhere near where it should be with respect to recycling. While there are some who are aware of the importance of recycling and do in fact recycle, their numbers are way too few. How do we encourage our country to start recycling, and more, to make it a habit? Why recycle? Did you know that the Beetham L L andll in Trinidad accounts for approximately 65% of this countrys waste? Did you know that the average person generates approximately 4 lbs of waste every day, and this amounts to roughly 1,000 tons reaching the landll daily? Its no wonder this is found overowing into our rivers, seas, drains, roadways and just about everywhere! Recycling immediately reduces the quantity of waste that reaches the dumps and this alone has obvious benets. Research conducted by the Trinidad and Tobago Forestry Division estimated that the forest is home to 678 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles, and at least 2,259 species of plants, of which 10.4% are endemic. e G G overnment should develop a sustainable material management system; waste paper and cardboard boxes can be recycled. is would alleviate the pressure on our natural resources such as our forests, reducing the number of trees destroyed and hence, the extent of destruction and disruption to our very sensitive wildlife. While this may seem an insignicant point to some, let us remember where food chains begin and the domino eect that may result from disruption at just one level.S S o, what can the average citizen do to help alleviate this problem? A A simple thing like composting is another way to encouraging recycling. A A great deal of food matter is deposited into the landll from food processing, preand post-consumer utilization, and institutional locations. Most landlls are not designed to break down organic waste. In their present condition, decomposition of food and other waste material produces methane, a greenhouse gas that has a global warming potential that is 72 times over that of carbon dioxide (over 20 years). E E ndorsing a compost system would reduce the volume of noxious greenhouse gases emitted into our atmosphere, thus contributing to a cleaner and healthier environment. Compost is a great source of minerals essential for good plant growth. In this light, organic waste can alternatively be collected by an assigned body, from businesses, households and various institutions and be deposited at a designated site. e mulch can then be distributed or reasonably sold to farmers to produce organic and healthier agricultural products. e media can assist in creating awareness of recycling. O O ur local newspaper and television stations provide an ecient way of broadcasting this message and are able to design it to appeal to dierent categories of people. With the revolution of technology, information can be transmitted on popular social networks such as Facebook and Twitter in a straightforward and speedy manner. The Ministry of E E ducation can also introduce the concept of recycling to the school curriculum in the form of seminars, dramatization, competitions and school eld trips. ey can also promote the development of environmental clubs in schools in which various recycling projects can be undertaken. A A llowing students to become proactive and understanding the signicance of recycling would lead to a cleaner and eco-friendly T&T. Communities need to work together and take responsibility for their negative actions towards the environment. Waste is oen discarded on roadsides and in drains, contributing to constant ooding. Individuals should take up this matter with their local councillor, who will be able to direct them on the measures that should be taken to initiate recycling programmes in their community. The deposit refund system is also good. Basically, this involves returning all cans and bottles to the relevant companies and receiving cash in return. In order for this system to work, the G G overnment can issue subsidies or grants to companies that would compensate for the additional cost that the company incurs when the products are recycled. is may indirectly give manufacturers an incentive to design products at a lower cost. Imagine a world where a single person from every community, no matter how big or small, took steps to encourage recycling in their community in their own way. is would certainly prove to have an immense eect on the way that the world tackles the importance of recycling. Students in the Faculty of Science and Agriculture doing a Semester I course in Environmental Economics were asked to work in groups and produce papers on various environmental issues. is is an extract from the paper presented by a group comprising Anastasia Ramsaroop, Samantha Seepersad, Srilana Amarnath, Sarissa Narine, Sarvani Churai and Julia Miller.Recycling Our Minds PHOTO BY: AFDERA SCOTT


6 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH MARCH, 2012 CAMPUS NEWS e Department of C ivil and Environmental Engineering has been advised by its accreditors, the Joint Board of Moderators (JBM), U K (Institutions of Civil, S tructural & Highway E ngineers) that they have recommended the accreditation of all ve programmes submitted. A ll these programmes have been deemed compliant with the Here is the status of accreditation for other programmes within the Faculty of Engineering. Chemical Engineering BSc Chemical & Process Engineering 2011-2015 intakes (IChemE, UK) BSc Petroleum G eoscience 2010-2016 intakes (e G eological S ociety, UK) 2009-2013 intakes (Energy Institute, UK) MSc Chemical and Process Engineering 2010-2015 intakes (IChemE, UK) MSc Petroleum Engineering 2010-2014 intakes (Institute of Materials, Minerals & Mining, UK) 2009-2013 intakes (Energy Institute, UK) 2011-2013 intakes (IChemE, UK) Electrical and Computer Engineering BSc Electrical & Computer Engineering Up to and including 2012 intake (Institution of Engineering and Technology (IE T), UK) G eomatics Engineering & Land Management BSc Geomatics Up to and including 2017 intake (Chartered Institution of Civil Engineering S urveyors (CICES), UK) Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering BSc Industrial Engineering BSc Mechanical Engineering BSc Mechanical Engineering (minor in Biosystems) MSc Manufacturing Engineering MSc Production Engineering & Management MSc Production Management MSc Engineering Management Up to and including 2015 intake (IMechE, UK) UK-SPEC. e programmes are BS c Civil Eng; BS c Civil with Environmental Eng; MS c Civil Eng; MS c Civil with Environmental Eng, and MS c Construction Management. is is the rst time the MS c Construction Management has been accredited in the history of the Department. A ccreditation cover all intakes between 2009-2012.Engineering all accredited e UWI Faculty of M edical S ciences has begun work on a S tudent S tudy/Recreational Centre to be built at the Eric Williams Medical S ciences Complex at Mt Hope. S t. A ugustine Campus Principal Professor Clement S ankat noted that expansion at Mt Hope has not been at the same pace in recent times as at the S t. A ugustine Campus, but the medical students needs were the same. He explained that the S t. A ugustine Campus did not own the facilities where the Faculty of Medical S ciences was housed. is is the second building which the campus has constructed at Mount Hope. e rst was the Veterinary S chool, said P rofessor Sankat. He said the recreational centre will be outfitted with computer labs, study rooms, meeting rooms, and recreational facilities for lawn tennis and table tennis and a minimart.M EDICAL STUDENTS GET THEIR OWN SPACEOn March 12, 2012, a sod-turning ceremony was held to herald the beginning of construction of the Student Study/Recreational Centre at Mt Hope. e occasion was attended by (from le) Dr. Vishi Beharry, Past president of the T&T Medical Students Association, the Honourable Dr. Fuad Khan, Minister of Health, Senator the Honourable Fazal Karim, Minister of Science, Technology and Tertiary Education, Professor Clement Sankat, and Dr. Ian Sammy, Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Medical Sciences. PHOTO: ANEEL KARIM


8 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH MARCH, 2012 e C aribbean has long been attractive to those who seek sun, sea and sand. But sun, sea and sand no longer oer a competitive advantage. Too many destinations oer the same amenities, and consumers are more interested in acquiring unique and memorable experiences. N ew ways have to be found to lure tourists. One such way is through food, the growing niche market of culinary tourism. e A corn Consulting P artnership, in a report prepared for the Caribbean Tourism O rganization, denes niche tourism marketing as a specic market segment that can be tailored to meet the interests of the customer. Culinary tourism, which describes travellers who visit an area specically for its food, is a growing tourism market that has the potential to generate millions of dollars in the economy. It includes food festivals, cooking schools, wineries, restaurants, visits to farms (local markets), food shows, and epicurean retreats. is type of tourism, already popular in the restaurants of Vietnam, ailand, Canada, and other nations, is growing in the Caribbean, but not at the rate of its potential. Caribbean tourist destinations recognize the importance of food to Caribbean culture and the need to promote something more than the sun, sea and sand, but need to invest in creating a new niche for cultural tourism that can diversify their tourism product. N iche tourism marketing is not new to the Caribbean. e Caribbean oers a wide variety of cultures, which is evidenced in the diversity of food on the dierent islands. is diversity is due to the historical connections with A fricans, Chinese, Indians, S panish, E nglish, French, G ermans, Middle E asterners and Dutch. e variety of dierent ethnic foods and the increase in the interest of dierent foods, allows for a perfect marriage of food and tourism in the Caribbean in the form of niche tourism marketing. Culinary tourism became popular as the steady increase in interest in food channels, travel shows featuring local and regional cuisine, food documentaries and online culinary travel shows, and recipes, prompted more consumers to visit destinations specically to avail themselves of a new food and wine experience. E rik Wolf, president of the International Culinary Tourism A ssociation, has dened cultural tourism as the pursuit of unique and memorable culinary experiences, oen while travelling. His denition does not restrict culinary tourism to travel far from home, but include such activities as trekking across town to try out a new restaurant. In an unpublished thesis, Food Tourism and the Culinary Tourist, Sajna S henoy identied ve dimensions (activities) of culinary tourism, which include: dining at restaurants known for local cuisines, purchasing local food products, consuming local beverages, dining at high quality restaurants, and dining at familiar chain restaurants and franchises. S henoy described the culinary tourist as the tourist who, at the destination, frequently dines and purchases local food, consumes local beverages, dines at high-class restaurants, and rarely eats at franchised restaurants. In addition, the culinary tourist segment was more educated, earned higher income and was characterized by its variety-seeking tendency towards food. Culinary tourism in the Caribbean is generally associated with food festivals. e Caribbean has a longstanding tradition of food festivals that target the natives. is practice has been extended overseas where Caribbean festivals, with a strong emphasis on food from the islands, are held in major cities worldwide. ese festivals mainly attract Caribbean expatriates living in the cities and surrounding areas, but in recent years have been promoted to the larger population in those areas. Islands that are dependent on tourism can use festivals as an opportunity to capitalize on the culinary tourism market. S ome islands, such as S t. Maarten and Barbados, recognize the benets of the new niche in culinary tourism and are promoting their countries as the top food destinations in the Caribbean. However, other islands, such as Jamaica and Puerto Rico, are beginning to use food to attract the tourist, but have not tracked the success of the promotions. Festivals were one of the niches identied in the A corn 2008 report. A ll of the countries identied were listed as having a niche festival market. In the Caribbean, over 100 festivals are held annually. However, the music festivals some of which showcase food, are the ones mainly promoted to foreign tourists, while the food festivals are particularly designed for local residents. Tourists are always welcomed, but these festivals are not usually promoted externally. Yet, the tourists who attend these festivals can be used as an eective conduit for word-ofmouth promotion. In addition, there are numerous globally held Caribbean festivals, such as the Jerk Festival, that promote Caribbean food. e festivals expose dierent people to the food and culture of the Caribbean and serve as a good market place for Caribbean immigrants in dierent parts of the world. Trinidad and Tobagos annual carnival is a strong draw for returning natives and a large number of tourists who return each year not only for the music but also for the Time to put Culinary Tourism on the tableBY MARCI A TA YLO R Plish e SlverwaCulinary tourism became popular as the steady increase in interest in food channels, travel shows featuring local and regional cuisine, food documentaries and online culinary travel shows, and recipes, prompted more consumers to visit destinations specically to avail themselves of a new food and wine experience. Dr. Jo-Anne Tull from the Department of Creative and Festival Arts, UWI. PHOTO: RICHARD SPENCE


SUNDAY 25TH MARCH, 2012 UWI TODAY 9 local cuisine. O ther islands such as S t. Maarten, Jamaica, Barbados and Puerto Rico are including festivals in their promotional communications. ey are creating a niche that focuses on the tourist that travels for food. e promotion of food or culinary tourism in the Caribbean is relatively new and is usually included in the promotion of the local festivals. In nineteen of the twentythree countries, based on the prole presented in A corns report, culinary tourism is already available. However, the report cautioned that the level of product development and sophistication varies. More is needed to promote culinary tourism in the Caribbean. In comparing the culinary activities in the Caribbean, I focused on the islands of S t. Maarten (promoted as the top culinary tourist destination in the Caribbean), Jamaica, P uerto Rico and Barbados. I tried to identify the promotional activities of the four islands to assess the cultural tourism gaps in the promotion of the destinations. I looked at the islands ocial websites for culinary/ food promotions and how the information was incorporated into their marketing. A s most travellers use the internet for finding destination information I looked at online information on Caribbean food festivals and events. To compare the websites, an inventory of the countries listed by the Caribbean Tourism Organization was used to rst identify countries that list culinary tourism as one of their target markets. e next step was to inventory the countries main tourism websites to identify the extent of promotion on culinary tourism. e third step was visiting major travel websites that promote food travel, including food festivals, events, and tours. e two sites used were FoodReference. com and A bout.com that are both known for their promotion of culinary tourism events (food festivals). The final step involved unstructured telephone interviews with tourism officials in S t. Maarten and Jamaica, to learn what marketing strategies were used to promote culinary tourism in both islands and how it was promoted outside of the Internet. e Jamaica interview revealed that culinary tourism, a niche they are actively pursuing, is done mainly through familiarization trips, visits to countries, food and music festivals overseas and public relations agencies. Familiarization trips are organized for travel writers, travel agents and tour operators to give them a rsthand experience of the culinary talents and the variety of local foods. e tours include cooking lessons, visits to the local markets to plan menus, visits to the coee plantation, locally recognized restaurants, and time with the hotel Jamaican chefs. e Jamaica Tourist Board also invest part of their promotional dollar in specic countries, such as China (where they had just ended a six-month promotional trip). ey set up portals in busy malls and city centres and handed out promotional material and gis as a way to stir interest for the island. e other strategy used was to promote the foods of the island. e ocial website lacked information on the rst visit, but had a lot more subsequently. It is clear that eorts to develop culinary tourism marketing have been made in the Caribbean islands that were the focus of this exploratory study. However, two gaps in these eorts were obvious: inconsistency in promotion and lack of clarity about what culinary tourism entails. e lack of consistency was obvious from the type of information available on websites known to promote culinary travel activities and the link back to tourist agencies that could provide further information for potential travellers who visit such sites. e lack of clarity became evident in the conversations with tourism ocials. While some destinations have brought travel agents to their destinations and included culinary tourism in some promotional material, the culinary tourism products are not well dened and so the tourist coming to Time to put Culinary Tourism on the tableBY MARCI A TA YLO R Plish e SlverwaThis is an edited extract of a paper presented by Marcia Taylor PhD called Culinary Tourism in the Caribbean: Promotional Gaps and Opportunities in Creating a Niche Market, which was delivered at the 2nd International Tourism Conference in January 2012. e conference was themed: Tourism, Culture and The Creative Industries: Exploring the Linkages, and was hosted by the Department of Management Studies, UWI, St. Augustine Campus, Trinidad in collaboration with The Ted Rogers School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Ryerson University, Canada and London Metropolitan University, UK. Niche tourism marketing is not new to the Caribbean. e Caribbean oers a wide variety of cultures, which is evidenced in the diversity of food on the dierent islands. One of the Exhibitors brought in by the Ministry of Arts and Multiculturalism. PHOTO: RICHARD SPENCE Marcia Tayloran island for the culinary experience might not receive the experience and amenities expected. Culinary tourism holds tremendous potential for Caribbean tourism destinations, but there must be more than just a declaration that an island is a culinary destination. e islands must conduct substantial research and product development so that they are able to give tourists a sophisticated and full experience that would be comparable to other destinations in A sia and even E urope. A dded to the sun, sea and sand, the Caribbean now has to sell its sweet hand.


10 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH MARCH, 2012 MENTAL HEALTHProfessor N ouriel R oubini, of the S tern Business S chool, N ew York, has been dubbed Dr Doom because of his gloomy but accurate prediction of the economic crisis in the United S tates in 2008. He continues to predict dicult times ahead for the global economy, suggesting that it might take this entire decade to recover from the fallout of the current economic crises facing the world. Among the responses to help solve the current dire world economic situation is a return to optimism. It is argued that the crisis has made people, encouraged by P rof Roubini, to view the future too pessimistically. Behavioural economics purports that mental states are germane to economic activity and economic decision-making is never completely rational or indeed logical. ere is a negativity dominance, according to N obel E conomics laureate Daniel K ahneman in his book Thinking Fast and S low. He suggests that the brains of humans contain a mechanism that is designed to give priority to bad news. Because of this, the self is more motivated to avoid bad self denitions than to pursue good ones. However, Barbara E hrenreich in her book Brightsided: How positive thinking is undermining A merica (2009), argued that in fact, mindless optimism was at the core of a variety of ills in the US including the economic crash. S he argued that spending more than you earn and fooling oneself with the belief that things would always work out well was at the heart of the decline in U S fortunes. is runs in direct contradiction to the era of positive psychology and the growth of a billion dollar self-help industry, all founded on the idea that the adoption of optimism and the law of attraction will at best solve or at worst help us to cope with every life problem. O ptimism as a personality trait has been described as a belief in positive outcomes, the capacity to see the glass as half full instead of half empty regardless of the present circumstances. Its polar opposite is pessimism where the belief is for negative outcomes, again in spite of the circumstances. ey therefore reect a way of looking at the world. While optimism and positive psychology have been blazing a trail, depression has been gathering steam as the illness that best summarises the contemporary life experience. This is leading younger people to commit suicide and engage in destructive behaviour as they try to cope with unprecedented access to information and inuence. S elf worth is taking a battering. In some ways this is not surprising as it has been shown by researchers that raising self esteem decreases materialism while increasing materialism decreases self esteem. The use of material possessions as a strategy for coping with feelings of low self worth is thus easily established. In addition, there is copious health psychology literature linking optimism with improved outcomes in a variety of illnesses and also in preventing or delaying the onset of these illnesses. It has been reported that people who score highly on optimism scales have 55% decreased all cause mortality and have decreased morbidity from cardio and cerebrovascular disease: that is, heart attacks and strokes. ey also survive longer with breast cancer and generally report less distress with a range of cancers and other serious chronic illnesses. O ptimism is now being replaced by conscientiousness as the best health protecting and reinforcing personality trait. Being able to do and persist with the work to maintain health and attend to the details that would optimize health behaviour seems to be the key to good health. is also implies discipline and long term adherence to best evidencebased practice. Here in Trinidad, optimism is never in short supply as people ignore global problems with the familiar yet ludicrous refrain that G od is a Trini. It is unclear where and how this originated, but in other cultures, particularly those is is the third in a series on mental health issues by Professor of Psychiatry, Gerard Hutchinson. Professor Hutchinson is the head of Department, Clinical Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Faculty of Medical Sciences, EWMSC, UWI.The End ofO PTIMIS MBY PR O FESSO R GER ARD HUTCHINSONwith a high tolerance for alcohol and religious rituals, it has also been reported. It probably reects an intrinsic fear of mortality which is also related to negative perceptions of self. In psychoanalytic terms, it is a kind of reaction formation. at may be changing as a combination of the negative world economic situation and the seemingly intractable social and political problems in the country are beginning to undermine this perspective. Trinidadians are remarkably adept at holding two and sometimes several contradicting position at the same time. is has prompted some to suggest that we would rank quite high in a world hypocrisy index. The non-communicable chronic disease statistics in Trinidad, which show high rates for diabetes and Here in Trinidad, optimism is never in short supply as people ignore global problems with the familiar yet ludicrous refrain that God is a Trini.


SUNDAY 25TH MARCH, 2012 UWI TODAY 11 hypertension and high rates of the complications of these diseases, would then suggest that our brand of optimism has been in short supply. A lternatively, other habits arising out of mindless optimism such as excessive drinking, non compliance with treatment and preventive regimens, and a lack of conscientiousness are responsible for the persistence of negative outcomes. G iven the economic crises and our health situation, the key might be to develop judicious optimism and more closely correlate our behaviour with observable reality as against wishful thinking. S urveying the newspapers, that barometer of zeitgeist, I have found that on a daily basis between 55% and 65% of news stories carry bad or negative news, whether they are related to crime, economic problems, international hostilities or accidents like the recent crash of a cruise liner. is also undermines a sense of optimism, and in a year where predictions have been made about the end of the world, it is no surprise that optimism may be on the decline. ere is the pervasive sense that the pie is shrinking, whether it be economic or physical resources. is makes loss aversion even more powerful. When this is allied to a sense of entitlement, as in a society where people have been led to believe that the S tate is directly responsible for their income-earning, then acrimonious battles are far more likely. E ven the guru of positive psychology Martin S eligman who authored the much touted book A uthentic Happiness is rethinking the approach. He writes in his latest book (Flourish) that the idea that optimism is always good is a caricature and it misses the importance of negative emotion. He suggests it must be paired with reality testing to ensure that overly positive expectations are not misplaced. Reality testing is perhaps the most important function of our minds and reects the capacity to accurately gather information from both the internal and external world, then to interpret this information eectively and adaptively and so inform decisions and actions that would be appropriate and ultimately benecial. A ccording to K ahneman however, most of us view the world as more benign than it really is. K ahneman also notes that we tend to exaggerate our ability to forecast the future, which in turn fosters overcondence. The ability to test reality effectively is the necessary accompaniment if positive results from optimism are to be obtained. It also ensures that that behaviour, both individual and group, can be consonant and adaptive. is will be what is necessary to overcome the optimism bias that might be intrinsic to so many people and prevent them from acting in ways decrease the greater good. Roubini himself at the World E conomic Forum in Davos recently concluded has called for a change in policy priorities in order to fashion a response to the economic crisis. He suggested a greater focus on human capital to give growth to skills, jobs and education in order for workers to compete. He also suggests that rising inequality between the rich and poor is the greatest source of geo-economic, social and political instability. He called for solutions to the worlds economic problems to be derived from a comprehensive assessment of the situation for all of the worlds inhabitants. is resonates with Trinidad and Tobago where, while the education system has sought to create opportunities; it has not been sensitive to those with social and developmental problems that would deny them the facility to utilize the available opportunities. e result is crime and social instability and the need for a welfare state which seems increasingly out of sync with the economic realities of the modern world unless it minimizes the gap between rich and poor. In the light of recent reality, a dose of pessimism might be necessary to counter the likely pain of loss that will inevitably occur if we continue on our present path. P revention by helping our youth and general population to view the world more realistically and set their expectations accordingly is what is needed to diminish the spread of depression as the archetypal illness of the twenty-rst century. G od might be depressed too, as a survey of the worlds situation is not comforting, even with the optimism bias that comes from sharing nationality with Trinis. e end of optimism is here. When several buildings of the Faculty of E ngineering were given new names in N ovember 2011, it was no surprise that one of themBlock 13was renamed in honour of G.M.Richards, currently the P resident of the Republic of Trinidad & Tobago. L ike K en Julien, Richards was one of the small group of men (no women yet, it seems) who built up the Faculty from its humble beginnings at the start of the 1960s. L ike Julien, too, he began his working life in the nations oil industry. S till a teenager, on leaving school he became a sta trainee at UB O T (later taken over by S hell) in 1950. He went to Britain for his tertiary education, gaining B S c and M S c degrees in chemical engineering from Manchester in 1955 and 1957, and a P hD from Cambridge in 1963. ( O nly the best universities for him.) Once he had obtained his rst degrees, he held management posts at S hell in the late 1950s and the early 1960s. But Richards soon felt the lure of the new Faculty of Engineering, joining the Department of Chemical Engineering in 1965. He became part of the dynamic team of West Indians who entered the Faculty soon after it opened its doors in 1961Julien, Harry P helps, Compton Deane, G eorge S ammy, Desmond Imbert. ese relatively young men were catapulted into leadership positions in the Faculty aer most of the senior British academics, the Facultys founders, le S t. A ugustine. Richards served as Head of his department, and in 1974 he succeeded Julien as Faculty Dean, holding that position until 1979. During those years, aided by oil boom money and the strong support of the E ric Williams government, the Faculty forged ahead: student numbers rose steadily, new buildings were planned and construction started, new programmes and disciplines were brought on stream. Colleagues from the less favoured faculties looked on with awe as the splendid new edices began to rise before our envious eyes. Both as departmental Head and as Dean, Richards built up the Department of Chemical E ngineering, established strong links with the British Institute of Chemical Engineering, secured international accreditation for the Departments programmes, and developed its capacity in process industry. In general, he helped to make the Faculty an internationally recognized body, whose graduates came to hold leadership positions nationally, regionally and abroad. In 1980, Richards was plucked out of the Faculty of E ngineering to become S t A ugustines first Deputy P rincipal, and also a P ro-Vice-President and Principal but rst of all EngineerBY PR O FESSO R B RID GE T B RERE T ONChancellor within the regional UWI system. A nd in 1985 he succeeded L loyd Braithwaite as Campus P rincipal, holding that post until his retirement from UWI in 1996. It fell to him to steer the campus through some very dicult years, years of nancial stringency and constant worries about how the bills (including staff salaries) would be paid from month to month. But his characteristic calm, geniality and good humour helped to bring the campus through to better days by the early 1990s. A er he le UWI he was called to higher realms of service, becoming P resident in 2003, a post he still holds. But the P resident has remained very close to the campus and to his Faculty, returning very frequently to attend functions and to participate in its varied life. It seems you never cease to be an engineer and a S t. A ugustine man, however elevated you may become. Bridget Brereton is Emerita Professor of History and author of the 2010 From Imperial College to the University of e West Indies. CAMPUS HISTORY


12 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH MARCH, 2012 ENER GY CAMPUS MAKEO VER For further information, contact the Director, Dr. David Rampersad at david.rampersad@sta.uwi.edu Tel: (868) 222 3721. e S t. A ugustine C ampus of e UWI is no stranger to research. S ince the Imperial College of Tropical A griculture became a place of scholarship and learning aer the First World War, this Campus has been involved in signicant research, relevant to the needs of the wider society. e enhancement of the overall research eort of e UWI requires intensication of sourcing funds through an improvement in the capacity for grantsmanship and proposal writing. P reparing proposals for funding, as well as a sound research management system, including project management, financial management, reporting to funders and monitoring and evaluation, are critical. S imilarly, the identication, protection and potential for commercialisation of Intellectual P roperty that results from such research are required. This will redound to the expansion of e UWIs intellectual capital and its national and regional impact in a signicant way. It is in this context that the S t. A ugustine Campus has created a Research Development and K nowledge Transfer O ce. is replaced the Business Development O ffice which connected UWI researchers and professionals to international opportunities for funding and research application, acted as the interlocutor between e UWI, industry and the wider community, and facilitated partnerships with the public and private sector that generated revenue and new `knowledge for all its partners. G iven that research and innovation are identied as priorities in e UWI S trategic P lan, the new oce will continue to provide support to researchers in identifying and winning funding for both blue skies research as well as research with commercial potential, the outcomes of which will be expected to have a positive impact on national and regional development. e Oce will thus be the focal point for collaboration between UWI technical experts and organisations in need of their expertise. It will identify suitable experts and work Of C ollaboration and C ooperationTHE NE W RESEARCH DE VELOPMENT AND KNO WLED GE TR ANS FER OFFICE BY D R DA VID RAMPERSADe oce will collaborate with the University O ce of Research in these matters including issues relating to research ethics. It will thus engage in the following activities: Operate as a clearing house for networking with donors and sharing of technical and funding information with staff Support researchers in identifying, proposal preparation and winning research funding Ensure that UWIs standards and policies relating to research, commercialization, resource mobilisation, protection of Intellectual Property and Technology Transfer are adhered to Establish a comprehensive Research Information Management System Gather and analyse Research intelligence Train and mentor staff in all aspects of research development Nurture and oversee university/industry/public sector Research and Knowledge Transfer To ensure that these outcomes materialise, the new Ofce will engage senior stakeholders across the St. Augustine Campus to strategise and establish mechanisms that support all aspects of the research management life cycle, including knowledge creation, acquisition, storage, organization, distribution, dissemination, and application by leveraging technology as appropriate. The Ofce will undertake the following: Oversee implementation of a knowledge management system to enable individuals and teams to locate appropriate content quickly and easily Manage the system, continuously adding new materials and improving the way they are organized to support users Train and educate staff on the use of the knowledge management system and provide and/or facilitate ongoing support for users of the system Act as the internal expert on what information is most useful for a given project, and where it can be found Define and co-ordinate a process for continuous knowledge acquisition and development to support the Campus goals Continuously identify the Campus proprietary materials, including client service deliverables and methodologies, for inclusion in knowledge management system Continuously identify third party content of value to researchers and other users as appropriate Provide support for research teams undertaking project research and in creating project deliverables Keep staff informed of new proprietary and third party knowledge available, providing updates and/or training as necessary Contribute to Campus initiatives and developments in the area of research and knowledge managementwith partners to formulate projects, ensure sound project management including negotiation of contract terms and conditions, arrangements for use of University facilities, and other administrative and nancial matters. It will also facilitate knowledge transfer including technology transfer and will be responsible for the protection of intellectual property and the negotiation of licences and other agreements with industry. A s part of its industry liaison function, the O ce is working with one of the E ngineering Departments to organize sessions that bring together industry managers with UWI researchers. Companies are invited to discuss what they are looking for in terms of research and development. S uch sessions are expected to lead to possibilities for internships for UWI students, sponsored research opportunities for the University and joint projects. e O ce is also looking to establish, in the medium term, an Innovation Forum, that will bring together researchers, technology transfer professionals and companies. The encouragement of sound research requires the appointment of outstanding researchers, sound research practices, adequate funding, and a robust support infrastructure. In addition to support for researchers, the O ce will facilitate engagement with the wider community of scholars. The development of a culture of collaboration and cooperation involving a community of peers and researchers who can develop new ideas and, through collaboration, strengthen each other and form networks with regional and international colleagues and their work in other parts of the world is therefore imperative to the work being done at e UWI. e strengthening of partnerships with other regional institutions as well as with other universities beyond the region will be a major aspect of the work of the new Oce. Companies are invited to discuss what they are looking for in terms of research and development. Such sessions are expected to lead to possibilities for internships for UWI students, sponsored research opportunities for the University and joint projects.


SS t A A ugus tine N N ews (SS TAN AN) Cover P P hotography Competition was presented with a $2,000 cheque courtesy Republic Bank LL imited and a gi hamper on March 13, 2012. RBL L UWI Branch Manager, Maria Fraser, presented the award to Rhoda Bharath (who accepted on behalf of the winner, SSarah Bass). e photo which is entitled You-We: e Canvas of Culture, was the top choice from scores of entries in the 2011 competition. e portrait of a young man whose face is dusted with gold and blue abeer, aer taking part in the annual Phagwa festival in K K endra Village, Trinidad, was featured on the AA pril-July 2011 SS TAN AN magazine cover. A A postgraduate student in the Faculty of Humanities and E E ducation, S S arah Bass (who is currently abroad) felt the image spoke poignantly to UWIs reach, and the immersion and inuence of the student body in the cultural expression of Trinidad and Tobago as they extend beyond the physical boundaries of the university. It was not an easy choice for the judges, UWI S S TAN AN EE ditor AA nna Walcott-Hardy explained. We were pleased with the interest the competition generated, as well as the technical prociency and versatility shown by the photographers. Choosing a winner was a dicult process because the students and sta at UWI provided such engaging images. e good news is that the Marketing and Communications Department has decided to expand the oerings to winners of the 2012 competition to include a rst prize of $4,000, as well as a second prize of $1,500 and a third prize of $1,000. We are pleased that in the past, corporate sponsors such as Republic Bank L L imited have supported these creative initiatives and look forward to continuing this tradition in the future. The UWI S S TAN AN seeks to encourage the Campus Community to appreciate the landscape, architecture, people and/or special events that are linked to UWI and capture this in a high quality digital photograph. e 2012 competition is open to students and sta at the S S t. A A ugustine Campus entries are welcome from 26th March-1st June 2012 at 4pm. To read more about UWI STAN and the photography competition for 2012 please visit: www.sta.uwi.edu/stan. Canvas for Photos CAMPUS NEWS Sarah Bass


14 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH MARCH, 2012 BOOK RE VIEW For a research-oriented university like UWI, its major scholars people whose work is internationally recognized as cuttingedge help to make and sustain its reputation in the academic world. In my own discipline, history, they dont come more eminent, or more prolic, than Barry Higman. Higman is A ustralian, and in 1967, a young history graduate, he won a Commonwealth S cholarship and took the unusual, even brave, decision to take it up at the Mona Campus of UWI. He stayed there for nearly 30 years. He was one of the early UWI P hDs, then a member of the Mona Department of History, becoming an innovative and excellent head of that department and P rofessor of History. ough he took up a prestigious appointment at A ustralias leading university in 1996, Higman remained deeply engaged in research and writing on Jamaican and Caribbean history, and (as a UWI Emeritus P rofessor) in the work of the regional university. Hes the single author of 12 scholarly books, 10 of them on Jamaican or Caribbean history. Hes the internationally recognised authority on the demographic history of British Caribbean slavery, and on the Jamaican plantation economy during the era of slavery (roughly the 1680s to the 1830s). Proslavery Priest, his latest book published by our own UWI P ress is not at all typical of his work. Higman is essentially an economic and demographic historian, and these varieties of history are generally what we call structural concerned with economic and social structures, broad groups of people and signicant trends, prone to deal with statistics and gures and their analysis. His work has been mostly concerned with material life (production, crops, plantation regimes, food) rather than with ideas or individual lives. e biographical approach to the past is almost the polar opposite to this kind of history. It deals with one named individual, not broad classes; it follows one persons life, not general trends; it is usually narrative in style rather than analytical. S o this is a departure for Higman, his rst biography. But as he makes clear in the books preface, he is interested less in his subjects life, more in what his published and unpublished writings on many dierent subjects tell us about his mental universe. Its a life and writings rather than a life and times kind of biography. John L indsay, born in S cotland in 1729, travelled widely in the A tlantic world the interconnected world of Britain and Western E urope, N orth A merica, the Caribbean and West A frica. His travels included a voyage on a British N avy ship to West A frica, about which he published an account. He came to Jamaica as an A nglican priest in 1759, and remained there until his death in 1788 (except for a few trips back to Britain). He married into the Jamaican plantocracy and was involved in the management of plantations and enslaved people, as well as serving as parish priest in several places, including S panish Town, then the islands capital. L indsay wrote a great deal, though he published only two books, and his extensive unpublished manuscripts have fortunately survived. Higman has used these writings to explore L indsays intellectual universe, as a window to the worldview of eighteenth-century planters and others who lived with slavery as a fact of life and sought to justify it on various theological, philosophical and practical grounds. How could a Christian priest be proslavery? E asily: L indsay wasnt a missionary, he ministered almost entirely to the white Jamaican population, and he lived in the island at the height of its prosperity as a plantation and slave economy. He himself owned estates and enslaved people. He died (1788) just before the British antislavery movement really got under way. In his earlier book about his trip to S enegal in 1758-59, L indsay was surprisingly open-minded and indeed respectful about the A frican men and women he encountered. But by the time he wrote the long manuscript le unpublished at his death, his views had hardened. Much of this work is in eect a theological justication for the perpetual enslavement of A fricans. L indsay believed in polygenesis, the view that G od created the several races of mankind separately, making them dierent at the moment of the Creation. is, of course, conicted with the Biblical story in the Book of G enesis, as well as the present scientic view of the evolution of modern human beings. But it suited L indsays purpose, for polygenesis implied that G od had created some races as inherently inferior to others, tted by G od to be slaves to the superior ones. It justied, in theological and philosophical terms, a hierarchical world, in which some races were enslaved, some were free and dominant and all by divine will. L indsay did propose reforms in the slave system as practised in Jamaica in the 1780s, including manumission for deserving slaves, and limited schooling and religious instruction for these persons. But his major contribution was to help to create theological and pseudo-scientic racism at its origin it was really to ourish in the nineteenth century, long aer his death. A s Higman puts it, he erected intellectual systems consciously designed to justify wrong. But L indsay had other intellectual interests. L ike many of his contemporaries, he was fascinated by Jamaicas ora and fauna. He was one of a small group of British men who saw Jamaica at the time as an exotic place at the forefront of scientic observation. He wrote extensively on the plants and animals of the island, illustrating his writings (which were never published) with oen exquisite drawings, some beautifully coloured. (Many are reproduced in the book in full-colour plates). He was a talented artist and a keen observer, though not a major scientist. is is a superbly researched, meticulously referenced and well written book on an interesting man and a crucial time in the history of Jamaica and of Caribbean slavery. Higman has done it again!e Priest who Preached SlaveryBY PR O FESSO R B RID GE T B RERE T ON PROSLAVERY PR I EST : e A tlantic World of John L indsay, 1729-1788 Barry Higman (Kingston: UWI Press, 2011) Bridget Brereton is Emerita Professor of History and author of the 2010 From Imperial College to the University of e West Indies.Look out for... Bocas Lit Fest!L ook out for the 2012 edition of the NGC Bocas L it Fest, which takes place from A pril 26-29, 2012. P artly sponsored by the Faculty of Humanities at e UWI, the second edition of the literary festival features books, writers and writing. e O CM Bocas P rize for Caribbean L iterature will be presented on 28 A pril. e prize includes an award of U S $10,000, sponsored by One Caribbean Media. e inaugural O CM Bocas P rize, presented in A pril 2011, was won by Derek Walcotts White E grets. e judges for the 2012 OCM Bocas Prize for Caribbean Literature have announced a longlist of ten books: POETRY e Twelve-Foot N eon Woman, by Loretta Collins Klobah (Puerto Rico) Tantie Diablesse, by Fawzia Kane (Trinidad and Tobago) is S trange L and, by Shara McCallum (Jamaica/USA) FICTION e L adies A re Upstairs, by Merle Collins (Grenada) N ear O pen Water, by Keith Jardim (Trinidad and Tobago) Is Just A M ovie, by Earl Lovelace (Trinidad and Tobago) V ital S igns, by Tessa McWatt (Guyana/Canada) NON-FICTION O lympian: 75 Y ears of Trinidad and Tobago in O lympic S port, by Basil Ince (Trinidad and Tobago) C olour M e E nglish: oughts A bout Migrations and Belonging Before and A er 9/11, by Caryl Phillips (St. Kitts/UK) George Price: A L ife R evealed, by Godfrey P. Smith (Belize)


SUNDAY 25TH MARCH, 2012 UWI TODAY 15 L et us consider what is meant by imparting a good education. A ny university must be constantly alive to what is involved. E ducation is important not simply for providing information about specic subjects but, more importantly, for the passing on of a whole culture of learning, attitudes and behaviour a variety of distinct languages of understanding, including self-understanding. A s Michael O akshott, the E nglish philosopher, writes, A man is his culture. What he is, he has had to learn to become. e good school or university teacher initiates the student into an inheritance of human achievements. is inheritance consists of a variety of abilities. E ach of these abilities combines information and judgement. When united with specific information, judgement generates knowledge or ability to do, to make, or to understand and explain it becomes, in the end, that ability to think easily and compassionately. What should we look for in the well-educated person? What should we expect for our children in the educational process from nursery school through university into maturity? First, you should have enough knowledge of your cultural tradition to know how it got to be the way it is. For us in the West Indies the acquisition of such knowledge is not straightforward and indeed the right balance in imparting such knowledge is still being worked out. is is because there are various, closely interwoven, strands in our cultural tradition. ose strands neglected in the past our A merindian and in particular our A frican and Indian heritages are being given greater prominence as our historians and educators deepen their ability to impart their importance. In the meanwhile the E uropean tradition remains of great importance and it is immature to see something embarrassing or lamentable about the fact that many of the prominent political, scientic, literary and intellectual gures in the tradition which still inuences our culture are E uropean, even though the huge majority of us are not ourselves E uropean. is is simply a historical fact whose causes should be explored and understood. To deny or to attempt to suppress the work of such thinkers is not so much racist as unintelligent. S econdly, the well-educated person needs to know enough about the natural sciences so that he or she is not a stranger in this world of computers and high technology. is means at least knowing enough about physics and chemistry to understand how the physical world is constituted. is would include some knowledge of the general and special theories of relativity and an understanding of why quantum mechanics is so philosophically challenging. A t a minimum, also, you should know enough biology to understand the Darwinian revolution and recent developments in genetics and microbiology. irdly, you need to know something about economics that is, you need to know enough about how the world works so that you understand, for example, what a trade cycle is, or how interest rates will aect the value of your currency, or how uncurbed government expenditure leads to that biggest of all frauds in any society: ination. Fourthly, you need to know at least one foreign language well enough so that you can read the best literature which that language has produced in the original and so that you can carry on a reasonable conversation in that language. O ne reason, out of many, why this is important is that you can never fully understand one language unless you understand at least two. Fihly, you need to know enough philosophy so that the methods of logical analysis are available to you to be used as a tool. O ne of the most depressing things about educated people today is that so few of them, even among professional intellectuals, are able to follow the steps of a simple logical argument. Finally, and I believe very importantly, a well-educated person needs to acquire the skills of writing and speaking with candour, rigour, and clarity. You cannot think clearly if you cannot speak or write clearly. ese are the specics of a good education through school and university. ere are two other requirements which need to be instilled into young people so that they ENER GY ESSAYEDUCA TI ON FOR LIFEBY IAN M CDONALDIan McDonald is a writer and thinker, among other things. In November 1997 e UWI, St. Augustine Campus conferred on him the Honorary Degree of Doctor of Letters (D.Litt.) in recognition of his services to Caribbean sugar, sport and literature. His award-winning novel, e Humming-Bird Tree was rst published in 1969. there are various, closely interwoven, strands in our cultural tradition. ose strands neglected in the past our Amerindian and in particular our African and Indian heritages are being given greater prominence as our historians and educators deepen their ability to impart their importance.can grow into maturity enjoying to the full the marvellous potential of each of their unique lives. ere should be an awareness that the body, in good health and nely tuned, is a source of abounding joy. S uch an awareness not only ensures that you appreciate the importance of maintaining physical well-being in yourself but also opens up the prospect of a lifetime in which the enjoyment of games, either as a player or spectator, provides a pure and immensely fullling satisfaction. Finally, the spiritual must nd a secure place in your reckoning of the world and your life. is does not, should not, involve dogmatic religion which leads to fanaticism, the cultivation of competing hatreds, and communal strife. It does mean accepting that there is a dimension in life which will always be beyond the explication of scientists and that in this dimension dwells a presence, a force, a law, a G od, call it what you will, which establishes an ultimate morality and gives us all recourse ultimately to the hope that everything we do, and everything the world is, is not meaningless. A ll this may seem an E verest-tall order but it should not be considered out of reach. N o parent should want less for his or her child. E ven in these times of increasing economic crisis our educators should never lose sight of the ideal of the welleducated person for all citizens. A nd all of us, as parents, must do our part to give substance to that ideal in the lives of each of our children. Dr Orlena Broomes, lecturer in the S chool of E ducation at e UWI, S t. A ugustine, has received Recognition of Merit in the 2011-2012 P D K International O utstanding Doctoral Dissertation A ward programme. Her dissertation, More an a N ew Country: E ects of Immigration, Home L anguage, and S chool Mobility on E lementary S tudents A cademic Development, investigates the challenges of immigrant children and how these challenges aect their academic performance. Broomes explored individual student performance on two of O ntarios provincial assessments related to three factors: a students immigration status, whether the student changed schools since starting 1st grade, and whether the student spoke English at home. is study shows that Canadian immigrant students appear to perform similar or better than nonimmigrant students and speaking a language other than E nglish does not inhibit academic prociency, said Broomes. CAMPUS NEWSOutstanding dissertation


16 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH MARCH, 2012 UWI CALEND AR of EVENT SMARCHJUNE 2012UWI T O D A Y is printed and distributed for e University of the West Indies, S t A ugustine Campus, through the kind support of Trinidad Publishing Co L td, 22-24 S t Vincent S treet, P ort of S pain, Trinidad, West Indies. UWI T O D AYW ANT S T O HEAR F ROM YO UUWI T O D A Y welcomes submissions by sta and students for publication in the paper. P lease send your suggestions, comments, or articles for consideration to uwitoday@sta.uwi.edu DCFA 25TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS 1-28 April, 2012 UWI St. Augustine The Department of Creative and Festival A rts (DCF A ) celebrates its 25th A nniversary with a series of events, including concerts and a tour to Barbados. DCFA 25TH ANNIVERSARY SCHEDULE OF E VENTS PERCUSSION ENSEMBLES IN C ONCERT 1 April, 2012 Daaga Auditorium UWI St. Augustine is concert features the UWI P ercussion E nsemble and the UWI Drumming Ensemble. is concert is carded for 6 pm. UWI ARTS CHORALE AND UWI STEEL T OUR TO B ARBADOS 7-15 April, 2012 Barbados e UWI A rts Chorale and UWI S teel visit Barbados and perform at the Frank Collymore Hall and the UWI Cave Hill Campus. UWI GUITAR ENSEMBLE IN C ONCERT 21 April, 2012 Department of Creative and Festival A rts, G ordon S treet, S t. A ugustine. is concert begins at 4 pm and features a guitar ensemble repertoire. MUSIC OF THE DIASPORA 28 April, 2012 Daaga Auditorium UWI St. Augustine Music of the Diaspora begins at 6 pm. It incorporates a variety of the Departments musical groups, including the UWI Intermediate S t eel E nsemble, the UWI Indian Classical Ensemble and the UWI Caribbean Contemporary Ensemble. For further information, please contact Josette Surrey-Lezama at 645-0873, or via e-mail at Josette.Surrey-Lezama@sta.uwi.edu. FOREIGN L ANGUA GE FILM FESTIV AL 22 March-15 April, 2012 Centre for Language Learning UWI St. Augustine This film festival is an initiative undertaken by the Department of L iberal A rts and the Centre for L anguage L earning (CLL) to foster an interest in learning foreign languages and to provide an opportunity to delve further into the cultures of the people who speak these languages. S chedule: is event is free and open to the public. To nd out more, please contact Ms. Miriam Futer, Foreign Language Film Festival Committee (Chair), at 662-2002 Ext. 84047, or via e-mail at Miriam. Futer@sta.uwi.edu, or foreignlanglmfest2012@ gmail.com, or contact Ms. Vanessa Williams at 6622002 Ext. 83896, or Vanessa.Williams@sta.uwi.edu. NATION DANCE 16 March-1 April, 2012 Continuing in the 25-year tradition of e UWIs Department of Creative and Festival A rts (DCF A), this years P roduction II class will mount N ation Dance. is unique performance is a collaborative production between DCF A and various communities in Trinidad and Tobago, in celebration of the nations 50th anniversary of independence. N ation Dance S chedule Waterloo For further information, please contact Marissa Brooks at Marissa.Brooks@sta.uwi.edu or Roberta Quarless at 663-2222 or Roberta.Quarless@sta.uwi. edu. HEAR MALCOLM GLADWELL 29 March, 2012 Hyatt Regency Hotel, Port-of-Spain e A rthur L ok Jack G raduate S chool of Business ( AL J GS B) features internationally acclaimed author, Malcom G ladwell, at the 10th installment of its Distinguished L eadership and Innovation Conference (D L IC). emed What Makes the G reat O nes G reat? this conference aims to positively reshape business and society. It will examine how talent is shaped and create opportunities to achieve success in any eld. For further information, please contact ALJGSB at 662-9894 ext. 299, or via email at conferencing@ lokjackgsb.edu.tt. SALALM L VII C ONFERENCE 16-19 June, 2012 Hilton Trinidad and Conference Centre Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago e A lma Jordan L ibrary hosts the S eminar on the A cquisition of L atin A merican L ibrary Materials ( SALAL M) L VII Conference. is conference is themed P opular Culture: A rts and S ocial Change in L atin A merica. For further information, please contact Ms Elmelinda Lara, SALALM Conference Coordinator, at 662-2002 Ext 83414, or via e-mail at elmelinda. lara@sta.uwi.edu. BIOLOGISTS C ONFERENCE 25-28 June, 2012 Daaga Auditorium UWI St. Augustine The Department of L ife S ciences hosts the 5th E uropean Conference of P oeciliid Biologists. is conference is held every two years and this year, for the rst time since its inception, it will be held outside of E urope. A pproximately 100 delegates from U SA Canada, Mexico, S outh A merica, Britain, E urope, India and A ustralia will visit e UWI S t. A ugustine Campus to attend the conference, scheduled to take place from 8 am-5:30 pm each day. For further information, please contact Dr Amy Deacon or Professor Indar Ramnarine via e-mail at poeciliid2012@sta.uwi.edu.