ECONOMICS 3 Prof. Lino Brigulio Vulnerability and Resilience HONOURS 13For Doing What ey Love 2 National Awards EDUCATION 5 Intellectual Emergencies Early Childhood Care RESEARCH 8 Brain Activity Novel BypassIn my fathers kingdom there are many houses of music. ere are no locks on those doors and no keys either. Pat BishopPHOTO BY DEREK GAYTHE FORMIDA B LE M S BISHO P I consider myself fortunate to have had Pat Bishop as a teacher. She taught me Art and History while at Bishop Anstey High School. Her classes were like entertainment as she had an amazing way with words. Being chastised by Ms Bishop was a dierent experience; you almost admired her language while she was dressing you down. She continued to be an inspiration to me even though in her presence I always felt like a naughty student. I admired her forthrightness, her condence, her brilliant use of language and her sense of humour and always wished that I could be like her. I know now that that was never to be. ere could only be one Pat Bishop. It was an honour to have known her. Professor Rhoda Reddock,Deputy Campus Principal and Professor of Gender Social Change and Development, e UWI, St. Augustine(More on Pat Bishop on Pages 10&11)In My Fathers Kingdom Dont go for Gold. e Black Notes sound better. Try em! Pat BishopPHOTO BY DEREK GAY
SUNDAY 25TH SEPTEMBER, 2011 UWI TODAY 3 Our Private Sector Partnerships FROM THE PRINCIPAL EDITORIAL TEAMCAMPUS P RINCIPAL Professor Clement Sankat D IRECTO R OF MARKE TIN G AND CO MMUNICA TI O NS Mrs. Dawn-Marie De Four-Gill EDI TOR Ms. Vaneisa Baksh C O NT ACT US The UWI Marketing and Communications Ofce Tel: (868) 662-2002, exts. 82013 / 82014 Or email: email@example.com A month ago, at the F ounding F athers Event hosted by the Arthur L ok Jack G raduate School of Business (GSB) I took the opportunity to discuss the unique partnership between e U WI and the private sector. L et me once again congratulate, Joe Esau, omas Gatclie and the late G ordon Draper for their roles in building this Institution, formerly the UWI Institute of Business. In 1989, a joint venture between e U WI and the private sector of T rinidad and T obago, was set up to provide primarily postgraduate education and training in business and management via the GSB. I think this institution has and continues to serve T rinidad and T obago very well, but signicant changes in the global and local landscape have since emerged in the economy, in the needs of our private sector companies, in the composition and prole of our student population, in the growth of external providers of business education, etc. ese and many other factors therefore impinge on the objectives, strategy and positioning of any institution. e spirit of the partnership to support indigenous capacity in business management is still vibrant, but we need to adjust to the changes in the environment, including growth at the St. Augustine Campus itself. We also cannot ignore the important role of academic quality and brand in such a partnership. Having a brand that represents high academic quality is something we have worked hard to attain and understandably, we are protective of this brand. e regional character of e U WI adds another dimension for our students and our partners in the private sector and brings a whole new opportunity for them. F or instance, we have had great relationships in the past with bpTT and BhP Billiton in Petroleum G eoscience and with other energy and manufacturing companies. is spirit of the U WI partnering with the private sector continues to evolve. We begin the new academic year with a new undergraduate programme in Journalism, made possible through the private sector and I thank K en G ordon, Anthony Sabga, Dawn omas and Sunity Maharaj, all leaders of the industry for their support. ere are exciting opportunities available at e U WI for win-win partnerships with the private sector as the Campus grows and expands into Penal-Debe, T obago and O range G rove; opportunities that go beyond teaching and learning opportunities for research and development and for the provision of services to our nearly 18,000 students. It is through a partnership with our G overnment and the private sector that we can build a university that is sustainable and delivers on its mission. CLEMEN T K. S AN KA TPro Vice Chancellor & Principal Professor L ino Brigulio of the U niversity of Malta, presented a guest lecture at the St. Augustine O ce of the Campus Principal on September 12, which was titled, Economic Vulnerability and Resilience in the Caribbean Small States. Prof Brigulios presentation began looking at structures, dependence on international trade, and growth rates and the impact of the recession on Caribbean Small States, and then explored the concept of economic vulnerability and resilience. He outlined a framework for the measurement of economic resilience, which he developed in collaboration (Cordina, Vella and F arrugia) in 2006, where they constructed a resilience index, consisting of four broad components: macroeconomic stability; microeconomic market eciency; good governance (and good institutions); and social development. G ood governance is essential for an economic system to function properly and hence to be resilient. G overnance relates to issues such as rule of law and property rights. Without mechanisms of this kind in place, it would be relatively easy for adverse shocks to result in economic and social chaos and unrest. Hence the eects of vulnerability would be exacerbated. O n the other hand, good governance can strengthen an economys resilience, he said. He presented an index of good governance, which had been modied from the Economic F reedom of the World Index with an additional component apart from those covering judicial independence; impartiality of courts; the protection of intellectual property rights; military interference in the rule of law; and political system and the integrity of the legal system. His collaborators have included institutions and soundness of the banking system. GOVERNAN CE AND EC ONOMI C RESILIEN CESocial development is another essential component of economic resilience. is factor indicates the extent to which relations within a society are properly developed, enabling an effective functioning of the economic apparatus without the hindrance of civil unrest. Social development can also indicate the extent to which eective social dialogue takes place in an economy, which would in turn enable collaborative approaches towards the undertaking of corrective measures in the face of adverse shocks, he said. Prof Brigulio outlined some aspects of their resilience index and country categorization which revealed that countries which fall in the best-case quadrant are mostly the large developed countries; countries which fall in the self-made quadrant include a number of small states with a high vulnerability score, including Malta; countries which fall in the prodigalson quadrant include mostly large third world countries; and countries which fall in the worst-case quadrant include a few vulnerable small countries with weak economic governance. Confessing that they did not have much data on the resilience scores of Caribbean Small States, Prof Brigulio noted that they only had for six countries, and according to our updated calculations he concluded that Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, T rinidad and T obago (but marginally) would fall in the self-made category very vulnerable and somewhat resilient; Jamaica and G uyana would fall in the worst cast category very vulnerable and not suciently resilient. He however warned that these results should be interpreted with some caution. CAMPUS NEWS S itting with Campus Principal, Prof Clement S ankat (le) is Professor L ino Brigulio of the University of M alta, who presented a guest lecture on S eptember 12, titled, E conomic V ulnerability and R esilience in the Caribbean S mall S tates.PHOTO BY ANEEL KARIM
4 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH SEPTEMBER, 2011 GRADUATION 2011 Mr. Donald Jackie HinksonI am grateful. I appreciate the honour. Its always nice to be honoured. But any artist, particularly of a fairly advanced age, like where I am now, is acutely conscious of the need to focus on his work, is increasingly aware that peripheral things like awards and honours are just that, peripheral things. But I am very happy to receive this honour in particular since it is possibly the only one that I respect. In fact, over the past few years I have been telling my family that I do not want them to accept honours on my behalf. But one or two persuasive friends have convinced me that awards are not only about the recipient, they also have meaning for the wider public. It is an argument that I could not refute. So in the end I am happy.The UWI will formally recognise the contributions that 20 Caribbean icons have made to regional development when it confers honorary degrees at the annual Graduation Ceremonies to be held across its four campuses in the months of October and November. From October 27 to 29, the celebrations will be at the St. Augustine Campus in Trinidad, where the honorary LLD will be conferred on Mrs. Helen Bhagwansingh, Professor Anantanand Rambachan, Mr. Reginald Dumas, Sir Fenton H. Ramsahoye, Mr. Brian L ara and Ambassador A T ribute to Hard Work Kamaluddin Mohammed, while Mr. Donald Jackie Hinkson and Mr. Roy Cape will receive the honorary DLitt. The ceremonies begin on October 15th with the Open Campus Graduation to be hosted this year in Antigua, where Dame Pearlette L ouisy, Governor-General of St. Lucia and Mr. Alwin Bully, Cultural Administrator will receive the honorary Doctor of Laws (LLD) and Doctor of Letters (DLitt) degrees respectively. Graduation ceremonies at the Cave Hill Campus in Barbados will claim the spotlight on October 22nd, when The Most Rev. Dr. The Hon. John W. D. Holder and Professor Compton Bourne receive the honorary LLD and Professor Kwesi Prah, Professor Emeritus Keith A. P. Sandiford the honorary DLitt and Dr. Shirley Brathwaite the honorary Doctor of Sciences (DSc) degree. Finally, on November 4th and 5th, the Mona Campus in Jamaica will host the closing set of graduation ceremonies. At Mona, Ms. Minna Israel, Mr. Earl Jarrett and The Hon. Usain Bolt, OJ will all receive the Honorary LLD while Professor L enworth Jacobs and Dr. Erna Brodber will receive the DSc and DLitt respectively.Anna Walcott-Hardy, editor of STAN magazine, asked three of the eight St. Augustine awardees how they felt about being conferred this honorary degree. Mr. Kamaluddin MohammedWell I feel very humbled about it I feel greatly honoured that the university authorities have recognized my contribution and following on the granting of the highest award of the country, which was the [Order of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago], which I got last year I feel very humbled but very gratied that they have recognized the work and I would say it is a tribute not to me, but to the people who contributed to my success. Mrs. Helen BhagwansinghI feel very honoured. It shows that when you work hard it helps and you could be rewarded for it. Why did you decide to support Diabetes research by investing substantially in the D iabetes E ducation, R esearch and Prevention I nstitute (DERP I) at UWI? Because Diabetes is spreading a lot now and a lot of people have diabetes, a lot of kids, and its a silent killer. And with Diabetes I think you can help, you can help somebody a lot, you can change their diet from when theyre young, give them medicine instead of amputating a lung or giving a kidney [instead] you can go to the schools and educate the [children] from young you can tell the parents what they should eat and shouldnt eat and whoever we have found with Diabetes we follow-uponce we diagnose a child with diabetes we go to their home and we check every member of the familyI think its a marvelous thing, the [Foundation] and the research is doing so well.
SUNDAY 25TH SEPTEMBER, 2011 UWI TODAY 5 DD uring the period September 4-9 2011, the F F aculty of Humanities and Education, School of Education, in collaboration with U U NICEF F conducted its rst International Study Visit (ISV) to the U U WI F F amily Development and Childrens Research Centre (UUWI-FFDCRC). e theme of the visit was Intellectual Emergencies in Early Childhood Environments: An Assessment of eory, Culture and Practice. e keynote address was given by Dr L L ilian K K atz, a leader in early childhood for more than 25 years. Policymakers and Early Childhood Care administrators and practitioners from 11 countries were given the opportunity to be part of the U U WI-F F DCRC experience. Participants came from Antigua and Barbuda, St. K K itts and Nevis, St. L L ucia, G G uyana, St. Vincent and the G G renadines, Jamaica, India, Sweden, Holland, Venezuela and T T rinidad and T T obago. Visitors accessing the study visit had opportunities to observe projects undertaken by the U UWI-FFDCRCs children and sta. e ISV also permitted persons to examine and reect on the context of culture and heritage on high quality early education in their various communities. e programme culminated with an exhibition which focused on the unique documentation of childrens work at the centre which has made it a quality practice site globally. is day also marked the ocial launch of the Caribbean Research Collaborative. CAMPUS NEWSIntellectual Emergencies in Early Childhood Environments The following four themes guided the weeks activities and learning events: 1. Teaching in Perspective and the Rights of the Child 2. Multiple Intelligences and How Children LL earn 3. The Environment as a Source of LL earning 4. Reflection and Documentation: Respecting the L L earner. DD ancing at the farewell lunch with live Parang entertainment hosted by UNINI CEEF
6 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH SEPTEMBER, 2011 Kirie I shmael, a student of the Visual Arts U nit of the Department of Creative and F estival Arts (DCF A), of e U WI, was adjudged the Best Young Designer at the Design Caribbean show which took place from September 1-4 in Santo Domingo, in the Dominican Republic. K irie won this award for her Design 3 project, Ibis-inspired jewellery. e DC F A was well represented at the show, as ve students (including K irie) displayed work at the design fair. e other four students (and recent graduates) with work at the show were Jade Achoy, Anyah McNeill, Natrisha G angapersad and Ann Marie Samsoondar. e students benetted from the opportunity to discuss their work with practitioners, international buyers and meet creative people from all over the Caribbean. e Visual Arts U nit of the DCF A also played a major role in the Contemporary Caribbean Collection project which was very well received at the show, through the collaboration of design lecturer, L esley-Ann Noel and Italian design consultants G iulio and Valerio Vinaccia, and eleven local artisans and designers. is was made possible through a collaborative effort between the International T rade Centre (IT C), the Caribbean Export Development Agency, the National Entrepreneurship Development Company (NEDC O) and the Visual Arts U nit of the DCF A. is collaboration has already begun to bear fruit, with some of the artisans and designers being invited to work more closely with the students during the semester through guest lectures and joint product development. Ms. Noel and Mr. Vinaccia will also continue to work together, as Ms. Noel will spend two weeks in Canada in O ctober doing research with Mr. Vinaccia and Dr. Anne Marchand of the U niversity of Montreal through the F aculty L eadership Pilot Programme.Kirie I shmael won with her I bis inspired jewellery.Best YoungD esigner CAMPUS NEWS STUDENTS GET A KICK OUT OF BOOT CAMPIn the last week of July 2011, The UWI hosted its rst annual Computer Science and IT Boot Camp for secondary school students. Dr. Permanand Mohan, a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Computing and Information Technology (DCIT), had envisioned a month-long camp in computing for high school students. It was meant to expose students to the Departments degree options and to provide hands-on experience with some leading technology trends. Organized by lecturers and postgraduate students from DCIT, this rst camp covered a wide variety of areas, including Programming, Web Development, Mobile Development, Wireless Networking, Database Systems, Hardware and Software, Mental Mathematics and Computer Forensics. From 9am to 4pm, each day was lled with a mixture of seminars, hands-on labs and demonstrations. This years participants were also exposed to information technology (IT) companies, namely Microsoft Trinidad and Tobago and Fujitsu Caribbean, whose representatives offered insight into their business functions as well as IT job opportunities. The Trinidad and Tobago Computing Society also gave a presentation on the organization of the society and explained its major functions. Apart from the classroom and lab activities, a eld trip was organized to the Fujitsu Data Centre and Trinidad and Tobago Electricity Commission, so participants could observe their daily operations: how data was stored and secured for some major IT applications and how the electricity bill is generated periodically. There was also a social evening where participants were able to see technology at play through various Local Area Network (LAN) games and the popular Kinect Xbox station. At the end, all the participants said they would recommend this camp to their friends and family. What did they like most? One said, The friendly nature of the camp, and the insights into the applications of what was learnt in school to the real world of computer science and IT. Another student was most excited by robots, web page designs, the mental mathematics and parts of the eld trip and yet another was impressed by its interactive nature. I liked how everyone in the UWI was involved, said this student, and the practical aspect as well as the way it related information to people not accustomed to dealing with computers on a more advanced level. For the next camp, DCIT seeks more involvement and collaboration with other academic institutions and partners in the industry. The Department is also exploring the possibility of a stay-on-campus option to get more participation from students throughout Trinidad and Tobago. For news on the 2012 DCIT Boot Camp, please visit the DCIT website at http://sta.uwi.edu/fsa/dcit/Participants racing some robots using programming e students benetted from the opportunity to discuss their work with practitioners, international buyers and meet creative people from all over the Caribbean.
RESEARCHI t is common for patients in the late stages of the neurodegenerative disease, Amyotrophic L ateral Sclerosis (A L S), to suer a total loss of neuromuscular control that renders the individual incapable of using his/her limbs. When this happens, A L S patients can still perceive the world around them, but they are unable to move and communicate. ey are said to be locked in and their only recourse is to rely on an attendant for assistance in performing daily activities. However, Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) can allow locked in and similarly disabled individuals, such as quadriplegics and recovering accident victims, to communicate and interact with their environment, which reduces the need for an attendant and returns a measure of independence to the individual. BCIs are a relatively new and exciting technology that allows individuals to control external devices using only their inherent brain activity. External devices in this regard can be virtual keyboards and wheelchair navigation systems, and using a BCI to control such systems creates a class of assistive technology for the disabled. e signicant upside to BCIs is that they do not require the user to possess any pre-existing muscular control. e BCI system uses the patients brain waves to identify their instructions. In January 2009, a BCI research laboratory was established within the Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, F aculty of Engineering, at e U WI St. Augustine Campus. Collaborative research was undertaken with the U niversity of Essex BCI G roup which is a premier BCI group in the UK. e links with premier international research groups was instrumental in collecting brain data for analysis and obtaining training on a data acquisition system which was needed for research at UWI.Novel computer interface offers another wave of communicationBY P R OFESSO R CHANAN S YANSpeaking fromthe BrainT he U WI BCI uses Electroencephalography (EEG) to register the users brain activity. A range of other data collection methods can be used, but EEG is cheaper, more portable and requires less technical support for operation. EE G involves the collection of electric potentials at multiple points on the scalp. e measured electric potentials reect the electrical correlate of brain activity. e EEG itself is a widely used tool in the clinical setting. It is commonly used for the diagnosis of mental conditions such as epilepsy and dementia. (P I CTURE 1 & 2) However, BCIs are not one size ts all. e BCI needs to be tuned to the users unique brain activity and this is done using dedicated subject training sessions. In general, these training sessions are time-consuming. In the context of BCI operation, lengthy subject training times are problematic because prolonged exposure to BCI Paradigms induces mental fatigue in BCI users, which degrades the quality of recorded brain data. e BCI research at UWI mainly focuses on the reduction of subject training times as well as the improvement of command identication accuracy. Misclassied subject P I CTURE 1g.tec g.MO B ILAB EEG acquisition apparatus8 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH SEPTEMBER, 2011
Novel computer interface offers another wave of communicationBY P R OFESSO R CHANAN S YANBCI Research was established in the Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, at the UWI St. Augustine Campus when Professor Chanan Syan joined the University in October 2006. e BCI research group comprises Professor Syan as the leader and Mr. Randy Harnarinesingh, a research assistant, with a number of part-time researchers. P I CTURE 2Collection of EEG (E lectroencephalogram) for Brain-Computer I nterfacing at UWI P I CTURE 3Quanser Qbot A utonomous V ehicleP I CTURE 4S creenshot of the S timulus Presentation Paradigm users view during BCI usage commands are problematic since they either result in the execution of the wrong command or they require corrective action, which is very time-consuming and prohibits a wider use of the BCI approach for health, business and commercial applications. Hitherto, the research has succeeded in addressing these two main issues. e research led to an average classication performance increase of 19.33% and a 67.5% reduction in subject training time. ese subject training times are the lowest reported in the BCI literature. e U WI BCI research is therefore state-of-the-art with regard to subject training time requirements. T hese findings are significant as the obtained performance benets are application insensitive. is means that they apply equally to BCIs used for mouse and keyboard control and for wheelchair navigation. T hey therefore impact signicantly on the entire BCI eld. e current focus of the research is to integrate an autonomous vehicle controller shown in the image below to the existing BCI. e BCI will be used to wirelessly drive the vehicular system using commands sent from the user. As vehicular control systems are scalable, the successful completion of this segment of the research will serve as a proof of concept for the control for larger vehicular systems such as wheelchairs using the U WI BCI. is application platform also spotlights the applicability of BCI technologies for the able-bodied in the form of novelty consumer electronic items such as BCI-driven remote-controlled vehicles. (P I CTURE 3) e UWI BCI utilises the P300 wave as a carrier of information to relay subject instructions. ere are other brain signals that could be used for this, however the P300 is advantageous because it can be evoked with little subject training and minimal stress. e Stimulus Presentation Paradigm (SPP) that is used to evoke the P300 wave to relay user instruction in the UWI BCI is embodied in the screenshot below. is screenshot is used to explain how the P300 is used in conjunction with nine symbolic commands (the Speller Matrix) for an autonomous vehicle controller. (P I CTURE 4) e SPP presents the user with a collection of nine symbolic commands. e subject is instructed to focus on a particular command and all nine commands are ashed in a random sequence. e P300 wave is elicited when the command at which the user is gazing is highlighted. e BCI inspects the post-stimulus segments of the EEG in order to identify the presence of the P300 waveform and therefore the subject command. e system therefore allows the user to select a command visually without the need for any signicant mental and/or physical exertion. In the UWI BCI example, these commands are motive instructions sent by the user to an autonomous vehicle controller. However, the commands and target device can be changed to allow for BCI-based mouse control or virtual keyboard control. Additionally, since there are no limitations on the type of device that can be controlled by the BCI, the applicability of BCI technology is not limited to assistive and rehabilitative uses. Current research in the BCI eld focuses on application areas that cater to the able-BCIs are a relatively new and exciting technology that allows individuals to control external devices using only their inherent brain activity.bodied population, such as virtual reality, gaming and home environmental control. F or example, the NEI L ab group at Italy have managed to integrate the classic two-player competitive game Pong to their BCI using EEG. Control signals are extracted from the recorded EE G and are translated into vertical paddle position that replaces the joystick input from the original game. Additionally, g.tec ( G uger Medical Engineering, Austria) has developed a virtual reality research system that allows a user to navigate and select objects within a virtual environment using BCI. is technology could be tailored for the control of smart homes. SUNDAY 25TH SEPTEMBER, 2011 UWI TODAY 9
10 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH SEPTEMBER, 2011 IN MEMORY OF PAT I need you to look at these paintings and talk to me about what I am doing. I need a crit, Pat said a few weeks ago. She was preparing for the Schuberts Winterreise production. Her painting connects to the music rehearsal process. It was her way of discovering Shuberts intentions, painting informed her searching for the ways his music may be conveyed in the connections between Eddie Cumberbatch the tenor, and L indy-Ann Bodden-Ritch the pianist. She knew this collaboration between instruments, people, musical score and perceptions of an audience was key to joining the dots in musical performance as painting is to drawing out the possibility of a form in art. Painting was her private practice, in the sense it activated a space at the heart of her artistic practice. It provided the inner point from where her wide ranging cultural work was to do everything and more than that everyone wanted her to do. She thought it was her responsibility to Beryl McBurnie that the L ittle Carib T heatre return as an outstanding performance space. She knew it was her ocial duty to work with Ministerial committees; to supervise academic research at the Carnival Institute and the Department of Creative and F estival Arts. It was her pleasure to make music with the Desperadoes and Exodus steel orchestras, especially to sit in the engine room knocking her cowbell to get players to hear themselves. She assumed that it was her responsibility to provide the best examples of world musical heritage to the L ydians, as well as to listen to Robert G reenidge, Boogsie Sharpe, Raf Robertson, Hyacinth Nichols and whoever was making sophisticated music. is inner point was also a departure into a seclusion in which she felt most vulnerable. F or example, I knew she would ask L eroi Clarke to look at her paintings, but never on the same day that I was expected. T wo critical opinions would be too much bruising. I had a long association with Pat Bishop, not as long as Robert L as Heras or Peter Minshall or Jackie Hinkson or L eroi Clarke; I met her during her time with the Solid Waste Company. She was the driving force of the public education campaign to clean up T rinidad and T obago. Everyone was familiar with her Charlie character. She acknowledged that for a little time Chasing Charlie away entered the public attention and animated a genuine concern for the physical state of the surroundings. I rst met and co-opted her into a committee to recover public interest in the T rinidad Art Society. e ensuing event at the T ent eatre on the same day Maurice Bishop died was an inspiration for her painting of the G renada T rilogy. A three-panel mural. I remember her tears of sadness in the central panel, the thirty pieces of silver, which addressed the tragedy of political betrayal. In that moment, she felt free to unburden herself; painting is too hard. Her recent sad, but unsurprising death awakens a memory of her interpreting Boogsie Sharpes Pan Rising music and me taking the painting opposite onto the neighbors fence so that he could see the crescendo in the shape of her painting. e Pat Bishop of a few weeks ago was no dierent, incisive and profound. e mural size of her earlier paintings has come to whatever she could make on the table she constructed over her bed. I wryly joked it was her last, in the sense of a cobblers workbench from where she painted, wrote, read, ate, met, planned, phoned, rehearsed and counselled so many persons. It was from there she created the collection of paintings she named She sells on the sea shore. We spoke of comparisons between this collection and an earlier show in Barbados. She was anxious not to be thought of as doing the same thing again. She was not; this upcoming presentation was full of her memories. I observed this in her process of long introspections about her growing up with G illian, Ena and Sonny in Woodbrook, her happy days at T ranquillity School and riding to Bishop Anstey High School, learning oil painting from sessions with Cicely F orde, her meeting with Billie Miller of Barbados in northern England. She was a source of information about art history, Caribbean politics, G illians designs, the disposition of pianos and personalities from all over the region. She was quite brutal in the review of her work. I have watched her eviscerate perfectly reasonable paintings. She never let up on herself, always questioning her expectation of how a painting should look or how it was to be seen. Pat felt a strong anity between her art and the heritage of masmaking: she connected her practice of a thing well-made is a thing worth making to the work of dress-makers like her mother, Meiling and Claudette from L aventille. She was uncommonly adept at seeing relationships between art, writing, speaking, music, cooking, penmanship and nearly everything else. She wanted her work to look outward, but never too far inward. Art was for people to see reections of themselves. She knew that her birth in Woodbrook and life as artist was to reach out to others in her last days, even as her soul seemed to be weighed down, terminally exhausted. She persevered to live up to the expectation of a cultural icon. Some have wondered why, given the many ways those in authority could dumb-down the place without even raising a sweat. She never answered. She dreamed instead of curating an exhibition of the art and designs of the several graduates of the Visual Arts course of e UWI. She imagined their work could be the best celebration of our 25th anniversary within the national 50th anniversary of Independence at the renovated Museum of Port of Spain. She thought that the national community needs to know more of our graduates. I agree.The Joiner of DotsBY KENWYN CRICHLO WKenwyn Crichlow is an artist and a lecturer at the Department of Festival and Creative Arts, e UWI, St. Augustine. e Keys to the Keys of the S ongs in the many Keys of L ife (with apologies to S tevie Wonder) e Mississippi delta was shining like the national guitarA formidable speaker, perhaps because she had access to so many dimensions of the artistic mind, Pat Bishop would write to her God-given brother Derek Gay in 2007, If I cannot speak it, I can paint it. And Derek would photograph the images she made, lovingly transferring them from one medium to another.On this page (and the cover) are paintings photographed by Derek Gay (a civil engineer and lecturer at The UWI) and taken from her 2007 exhibition, I belong to the house of music.
SUNDAY 25TH SEPTEMBER, 2011 UWI TODAY 11 IN MEMORY OF PAT ere are many who can claim Pat Bishop as friend and mentor. I consider myself to be one of those persons so privileged, for the past 40 plus years. Pat was rst my teacher at Bishop Anstey High School in the 1960s. She taught me both History and Art. I was really hopeless at the Art but certainly benetted from her teaching skills and guidance in History in h and sixth forms. She provided us with what she called the perfect formula for writing papers and passing history exams, advising that it was not sucient to have knowledge of the subject matter, but that the opening paragraph/statement was most important and must carry the analysis and answer to the question posed; this then had to be topped o with an excellent conclusion. She drilled us in this art of writing instead of merely documenting facts. anks to her, we all did well in the exams. I adopted it as a lifelong formula. But I think it was during the period 1966-1967 when she was my form mistress that the foundation for the long years of friendship and mentorship was laid. Pat was no ordinary form mistress. On the rst day, she strenuously advised the group of us (27) who were repeating h form in order to get better grades in general or better grades for our sixth form subjects that Dey really dont want all yuh in dis school so we have to show dem. She proceeded to take a personal interest in each one of us, advising that she would deal with any teacher who was giving trouble. She assisted each one of us in developing a study plan and we had to give her weekly, individual reports of our progress or heaven forbid, the lack thereof. Some of those sessions were really tough as Pat was always a hard taskmaster and didnt T eacher, F riend and MentorBY JENNIFER JOSEPHput water in her mouth to say anything! Nevertheless, she provided us with invaluable guidance and support and we were motivated to succeed through that personal interest and the fact that we were, in eect, co-conspirators. e small group of us who went on to pursue history in sixth form continued to benet from her vast knowledge and expert teaching skills. We were her girls and she was our friend. We were privileged to be invited to her house and to meet her parents, not simply as students, but as friends. She le shortly thereaer for Jamaica. When Pat returned from Jamaica a few years later in 1974, we reconnected. I was then a nal-year student at UWI and she was tutoring in History. I was a member of the birdsong Steel Orchestra that comprised UWI students and sta. Practice sessions took place at the old G uild Hall, now Daaga Auditorium. I dont recall exactly how Pat came to birdsong, but I suspect that it may have been the Hilarian connection since there were several of us from Bishop Anstey whom she knew. ere began a long relationship between Pat and birdsong. Even before the revival of the national steelband festival in the 1980s, she was trying to teach classical music to birdsong. We struggled with Malaguena, and a few other pieces. She also wrote an opera for pan and voice entitled e Swamp and we were the chosen band. U nfortunately, that particular opera never got to the stage but she continued to persevere. O ur friendship consolidated in those early years of birdsong. We shared a common interest in music and pan in particular. We were both living in St. James and most times, would drive up to Campus together. In 1982 and 1984, Pat conducted birdsong for the National Steelband F estival and we made it to the nals and were adjudged winner of the Best T est Piece. And this, I think, is one of Pats greatest strengths her eye for detail and her drive for perfection which, no doubt propelled L ydians and Despers to great heights and enriched her work as an artist. As a frequent visitor to her house, I have been privileged over the years to listen to her as she developed the germ of an idea for a painting, an art exhibition, or a L ydians concert; or to listen to classical music as she chose items for Despers and any other band that asked her. Sometimes I would receive an urgent call to nd some remote bit of information in a library as she worked on her various projects (which also included people!). I was really pleased and proud to have assisted her as she took Despers through the paces for their return to the national steelband festival in 1986. And while I never sang a note in the L ydians, I occasionally turned pages for the accompanist or, on Pats insistence, played the glockenspiel in the orchestra for one of the operas! O ne could never say no to Pat. But then, she also appeared incapable of saying no to her friends or to any cause that she considered noble. I really dont know how she made the time, but Pat was always available to assist me in my own activities and endeavours, ranging from writing speeches, preparing music for my Sunday School children, or planning L ibrary Association activities during my tenure as president to developing a fund-raising project to restore the pipe organ at the T ranquillity Methodist Church. We spent many hours discussing life, local, regional and international issues. Pat possessed a wry sense of humour and a dry sarcasm which she brought to many a discussion. In moments of depression and despair, she has provided that word of comfort and Jennifer Joseph is the University and Campus Librarian at the St. Augustine Campus of e UWI. inspiration as well as the reprimand. I remember her once literally ordering me not to pamper myself over seeming illness because there was so much work to be done in the society. is, of course, was the way she lived her life to the very end. In eect, I would say that Pat Bishop has had a very positive inuence on my life, teaching me that through perseverance and commitment, one can achieve what may have seemed impossible; that one should never settle for mediocrity but should always strive for excellence; and that friendship means sharing and support. E very valley shall be exalted ...and so they were one jouvay morning on Bertie M arshalls electric pan. is painting was specially chosen by Pat Bishop for the author when she moved into her new home, e Pansion. H anging in the M ain S alon of the Oce of the Campus Principal, e N ew M oon R ises.Pat was no ordinary form mistress. On the rst day, she strenuously advised the group of us (27) who were repeating fth form in order to get better grades in general or better grades for our sixth form subjects that Dey really dont want all yuh in dis school so we have to show dem.
SUNDAY 25TH SEPTEMBER, 2011 UWI TODAY 13 ENERGY NATIONAL AWARDS I f you do things because it is a good thing to do, it will come back to you, says Dr Noel K alicharan with karmic satisfaction. His oce is piled with books and papers, some authored by him on programming, and the general ambience is that of an academics den. Dr K alicharan has a somewhat public voice, if not face; he is a regular writer of letters to newspaper editors on diverse subjects, including cricket and, of course, education. He oen pops up on internal university communication channels, sharing information, scolding colleagues, and oering suggestions to improve eciency. It can range from eating habits to teaching methods, and the responses can be just as varied. O ne way or another, Dr K alicharan provokes thought, and perhaps that is the educator in him. Hes not cocooned by theories; he considers himself an innovative, practical man, empowered by academic training. Im practical, he says. eory has value when you put it to practical use. I always like to do things that benet others. Sometimes the research that is done is merely in pursuit of academic advancement. ats why Ive written books rather than papers, he says with typical bluntness. irty-ve years ago, he was the rst person to be appointed as a full-time lecturer in computer science at U WI. It was 1976, computer science was a edgling subject, and although mathematics remains his rst love, he jumped into this newish eld enthusiastically. He helped formulate the rst version of the computer science degree which started formally in 1979 with an intake of 53 students, and remained involved in all revisions as well as the introduction of new programmes such as the BSc in Information T echnology and the MSc in Computer Science. Practically everyone who has graduated in computer science from e UWI has passed Dr K alicharans way. My role an an educator is to produce learners. My goal is to empower others to learn how to learn. Part of that process is to emphasize principle rather than fact. It is far better to learn a principle from which many (perhaps, innitely many) facts can be derived than to learn a few isolated facts. e world is constantly changing and only those who can adapt easily to change will survive. Having said that, it is becoming more and more dicult to teach principle. In my early years of teaching, it was very easy to teach principle, to produce thinkers. I remember one graduate going to an interview for a programming job. He was asked if he knew the programming language CO B OL He said no but he could learn it (on his own) if he was given two weeks. ats because he learnt the principles of programmingthe language was almost irrelevant. He was a learner. e modern graduate would simply say no. He would be happy to attend a workshop on C O B OL where he might gain some supercial knowledge of the subject, but no deep understanding. ats because hardly anyone learns principles any more. F rom primary school, the emphasis is on producing regurgitators. Such students have to learn everything from scratch. ey cannot build on previous principles because they have not learnt any. Its almost like learning the answer to every addition problem rather than learning how to perform addition. With his strong views on the way people learn, Dr K alicharan has willingly sat on several committees dealing with computer science education at the secondary and tertiary levels. Among these were the NIHERS T Steering Committee, the National T raining Board Advisory Committee and the Ministry of Education Advisory Committee in the 1980s. ese committees formulated policy and laid the foundation for computer science education in the country outside of UWI. Dr K alicharan has been heavily involved in the assessment of computer science/information technology at all levels. Apart from his role as examiner at UWI, he has been the moderator for computing courses examined by the National Examinations Council (1984-1993) and NIHERS T (1989-1993). F rom 1992-2000, he served as the Chief Examiner in Information T echnology for the Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC). In 1998, the Ministry of Education approached Dr K alicharan to formulate a programme of training for high school teachers to enable them to teach CXCs Information T echnology. He has done this as well for G renada. Since 1993, Dr K alicharan has been almost solely responsible for T rinidad & T obagos participation at the International O lympiad in Informatics (I O I). is is an annual computer programming competition for high school students. He runs the local leg of the Prof S urujpal Teelucksingh is congratulated by Prime Minister e H onourable Kamla Persad-Bissessar, aer receiving the Public S ervice M edal of M erit (Gold) from President of the R epublic, H is E xcellency M axwell R ichards at the N ational A wards Ceremony on I ndependence D ay. I n the congratulatory line is Dr Gregory Bissessar, and Chief Justice I vor A rchie. PHOTO COURTESY THE TRINIDAD GUARDIANcompetition (sets the problems and grades the responses), trains the top few students and acts as Delegation L eader to the I O I. In 1988, he was commissioned by T rinidad & T obago T elevision to develop, produce and host a 26-programme series entitled Computers Bit by Bit. In 1996, he was commissioned by the G uardian newspapers to write a 26-part series of articles on the Internet. In the 1990s, he developed a computer program to process the results of competitions run by the National Carnival Commission (Calypso Monarch, K ing and Queen of Carnival, etc.). Dr K alicharan has won many major competitions with his work. Among these are the National Macintosh O pen Competition sponsored by Apple Computer, the NIHERS T T echnology Innovators Competition, Prime Ministers Awards F or Invention and Innovation in 2000 and 2002 for the invention of games designed to teach thinking/numeracy skills and the G oogle Placement Challenge organised by BrightHub, open to entries from all over the world. In 1985, Dr K alicharan published his rst book, Computer Studies Fundamentals Plus. is was also the rst book on the subject by a Caribbean author. Since then, he has written 14 more books on computer science. His rst major international successes were Introduction to Computer Studies and Computer Studies for GCSE, published by Cambridge U niversity Press, 1988. ey later published his widely-acclaimed success, C By Example. In 2010, NIHERS T designated him a Trinidad & Tobago Icon in Computer Science. Part of his citation read: A pioneer in computer science education in T rinidad & T obago and the wider Caribbean, Noel K alicharans contributions in diverse areas have had a lasting impact on the standard and quality of Information T echnology locally, regionally and internationally. F or the little boy from rural L engua, who had to spend three years in Standard Five because he was too young to do the 11-plus examination, who came from a place where even a trip to Princes T own was a big excursion; to become a computer science expert is a marvellous story of the wondrous things that come from a mind willing to learn. A T THE ANNUAL NATIONAL AWARDS CEREMONY held on Independence Day, August 31, two members of The UWI family were presented with the Public Service Medal of Merit (Gold). Surujpal Teelucksingh, a Professor of Medicine, and Dr Noel Kalicharan, a Senior Lecturer in Computing and Information Technology were recognised for their contributions to medicine and education, respectively. In our February issue, we carried a prole of Prof Teelucksingh, who is also the Public Orator for the St. Augustine Campus, which can be read at http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/archive/february_2011/article11.asp. In this issue, we take a look at Dr Kalicharans role as an educator at The UWI.Doing Good Things for the Love of It President of the R epublic, H is E xcellency M axwell R ichards, pins the Public S ervice M edal of M erit (Gold) to the lapel of Dr N oel Kalicharan at the N ational A wards Ceremony on I ndependence D ay.PHOTO COURTESY GISL
SUNDAY 25TH SEPTEMBER, 2011 UWI TODAY 15 D espite Trinidads undeniable Pan legacy to the world, a burning question has remained since the mid to late 1980s about who would ultimately reap the benets for the continued development of Pan. Most of the actual degrees in Pan Studies are abroad (at places like Northern Illinois U niversity, USA, where L iam T eague is on the faculty). And despite the continued role of Panland T rinidad and T obago LTD (formerly T rinidad and T obago Instruments LT D) and other more individual entrepreneurs, even Pan production is oen located abroad. Nevertheless, T rinidad sustains its impregnable position both as the inventor of Pan and as the unique culture that best showcases the instrument. Sanch Electronix, under the direction of Simeon Sandiford, has established the world standard for recording Pan, an instrument that because of its acoustic nature has presented huge challenges for those who wish to record, as well as amplify, it. Even with these achievements and advantages, it remains to be asked how T rinidad can establish its leadership in the multiple areas of Pan development, education, and distribution. It is in this context that we must welcome aer eight years of development the nally unveiled project known as PIE, or Pan in Education. Produced by Sandiford and engineer, composer and arranger Mark L oquan, PIE is a hybrid educational and marketing programme. It is an indigenous ICT -derived innovative product, soon to be available on interactive CDs fully compatible with both PC and Mac operating systems. e double-CD set contains 13 music arrangements (disc 1) with scores, curriculum, a National O ccupational Standard (N OS) for creating Music Producers, tasks, assignments, and associated material (disc 2) that work to educate students, not only in music literacy, but also in much broader areas of literacy and skill. e overall programme covers the areas of music, business, technical English, IC T audio engineering and social studies. Each area provides a curriculum in itself. ere are, for example, 40 curriculum modules presented in PowerPoint format to support the 44unit N OS. e newly upgraded second CD provides backward linkages to an already existing, self-instructional interactive software developed by Sandiford and produced by Sanch Electronix, in which an animated instructor called Pete the Panstick (PE TE) walks students through introductions to the Steelpan replete with musical examples, scores, denitions and other aids to a large number of musical genres, including of course Calypso and Soca. Much credit is due to T rinidadians Martin Haynes, who created the dual Mac/PC compatibility as well as the PIE interface and to animator Camille Selvon Abrahams who created PE TE. In addition to basic music instruction, one of the key features of PIE is the way it links music and business, an important bridge in a nation that sometimes does better at inventing than at developing and protecting its own interests. The Business of Music curriculum is divided into Music L iteracy and Entrepreneurial Development. In keeping with the T rinidad base and electronic sophistication of PIE, the acoustic Steelpan and the Percussive Harmonic Instrument (PHI) are the preferred instruments for use in the Music Literacy component of the curriculum. While students are learning music, they are also honing the skills that enable them to sustain ownership of and develop the national musical instrument of T rinidad and T obago. F ollowing the Business of Music curriculum, they will learn and nurture the entrepreneurial skills that will enable them to play the G lobal Music Industry with a wide range of Caribbean rhythms. But the aim of this educational venture is broader than simply learning to understand and create music. e T echnical English component of the curriculum has been developed specically to improve English literacy across the board in all other curricular areas. And the business skills emphasized are also those that can be used in many dierent contexts and situations, not just the development of Pan. In this sense, while PIE is training students particularly in music education and marketing, it is also oering them skills that are transferable to other areas of interest. Even in their anticipatory stage, PE T E and PIE have received not only recognition but some initial funding support by grants from the Centre for Development of Enterprise (CDE), the Caribbean Export Development Agency (CEDA), T rinidad and T obago F ilm Company, and the Ministry of T rade. Endorsements have come from the U nited Nations Development Programme ( U NDP), European U nion (E U ), e U niversity of the West Indies (UWI), e U niversity of T rinidad and T obago ( UTT ), Inter American Development Bank (IDB), the Commonwealth Secretariat (C O MSEC), the Economic Commission for L atin America and the Caribbean (ECL AC), and Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC). Milla Cozart Riggio is James J. Goodwin Professor of English, Coordinator, Trinity-in-Trinidad Global Learning Site. is is an edited excerpt of her review of PIE; the full text can be read at http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/default.asp is PIEis not in the S ky INNOVATIONBY MILL A COZ AR T RI GGI O The Sport and Physical Education Centre (SPEC) of The UWI, St Augustine Campus launched its signature UWI SPEC International Half-Marathon on September 20, 2011 at the at the Ofce of the Campus Principal. First Citizens is the presenting sponsor of the UWI SPEC International Half-Marathon 2011, which is carded for Sunday October 30, 2011. Ms. Lystra Francis, Director of the UWI SPEC (Ag.) and Race Director welcomed guests and the Honourable Anil Roberts, Minister of Sport, then addressed the gathering. Mr. Warren Sookdar, Chief Information Ofcer (Information and Communication Technology) at First Citizens, then presented the $450,000 sponsorship cheque to host Professor Clement Sankat, St. Augustine Campus Principal. An estimated 1,000 local, regional and international athletes will compete in the 2011 race, which includes specic categories for UWI students, UWI staff, and physically challenged competitors. The Half-Marathon, which is the only trafc-free race in the region, has grown tremendously from 300 participants at its inception in 2004 to 1,000 in 2010. The race will be electronically timed and any records broken in this Association of International Marathons and Distance Races (AIMS)-certied, and International Amateur Athletics Federation (IAAF)accredited race will be recognised worldwide. Another important feature is the recognition by the National Amateur Athletic Association (NAAA) of the UWI SPEC International Half-Marathon as its ofcial halfmarathon championship. Race registration takes place from September 20 to October 25, 2011. There will be no registration on race day. Local participants may register at any First Citizens branch throughout Trinidad and Tobago by presenting valid picture identication and their registration fee. Race waivers will now be signed at the First Citizens branch when completing the registration. Only athletes residing outside of Trinidad & Tobago can register online at www.active.com. The deadline for online registration is October 20, 2011. To download photos of the UWI SPEC International Half-Marathon, click http://www.ickr.com/photos/theuwi/ collections/72157622102695777/ For more information contact e UWI SPEC at (868) 662-2002 Ext. 83771, 82660, 83556 or 83571 or firstname.lastname@example.org PUT ON Y OUR R UNNING SHOES
16 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 25TH SEPTEMBER, 2011 UWI CALENDAR of E VENT SSEPTEMB ER OCT O B ER 2011UWI TO DAY is printed and distributed for e U niversity of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, through the kind support of T rinidad Publishing Co L td, 22-24 St Vincent Street, Port of Spain, T rinidad, West Indies. e UWI St. Augustine Campus will once again host its signature UWI SPEC International HalfMarathon sponsored by First Citizens. is year the 13.1 mile route of the Half-Marathon remains unchanged. T he race will continue along the trac-free Priority Bus Route (PBR) to the L a Resource junction in DAbadie, before doubling back to UWI SPEC. e course will be complete with markers and water stops at every mile for the running convenience of the athletes from around the world including the Caribbean, USA, L atin America and Europe. For further information, please call 662-2002 ext. 83771, 82660, 83556 or 83571 or e-mail email@example.com COTE 2011 5-8 October, 2011 Learning Resource Centre UWI St Augustine Campus is years Conference of the Economy (C OT E 2011) pays tribute to Dr. Eric St. Cyr, a former L ecturer and Head of the Department of Economics. It will focus on the challenges facing regional economies as these seek to establish a path to sustainable growth and development in the existing volatile economic environment. C OT E 2011 will highlight the key economic, and related developmental issues facing the region in this context. For further information, please contact e Department of Economics at 662 2002 ext. 83231, 83582, or via e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. UWI ST A UGUSTINE GRADUATION 2011 27-29 October, 2011 SPEC UWI St Augustine Campus THURSDAY 27TH OCTOBER, 2011 F aculty of Science & Agriculture/Pure & Applied Sciences F aculties of Engineering & L aw FRIDAY 28TH OCTOBER, 2011 graduands of the F aculty of Social Sciences ( F SS) with surnames beginning with the letters A-L and graduands of the Arthur L ok Jack G raduate School of Business (ALJ GSB) graduands with surnames beginning with the letters MZ and Postgraduate graduands from the Departments of Management Studies, Economics, Behavioural Sciences, Institute of International Relations and Centre for G ender & Development Studies SATURDAY 29TH OCTOBER, 2011 F aculty of Humanities and Education F aculty of Medical Sciences For further information, please contact Examinations at 662-2002 ext 82155 or 83008. W OMEN IN LEADERSHIP C ONFERENCE 2011 18 October, 2011 Hyatt Regency Trinidad e Arthur L ok Jack G raduate School of Business hosts another instalment in its Women in L eadership Series, the Women in L eadership Conference 2011: Advancing Women in Business. is conference features world renowned speakers, Dr. Carol K insey G oman and Dr. L ois F rankel, and aims to oer insight into how women can excel in the workplace and assume even greater leadership roles. For further information, please e-mail email@example.com. 30TH ANNUAL WEST INDIAN LITERATURE C ONFERENCE 13-15 October, 2011 e UWI Department of L iberal Arts hosts the 30th Annual West Indian L iterature Conference, themed I Dream to Change the World: Literature and Social Transformation. is conference will take place from the 13th-15th O ctober, 2011. For further information, please contact Dr. Geraldine Skeete at Geraldine.Skeete@sta.uwi. edu, or Dr. Giselle Rampaul at Giselle.Rampaul@ sta.uwi.edu UWI/GUARDIAN LIFE PREMIUM OPEN LECTURE 2011 30 September, 2011 Daaga Auditorium UWI St. Augustine Campus T he Instructional Development U nit at T he U WI, collaborates with G uardian L ife of the Caribbean L td, to host the U WI/ G uardian L ife Premium O pen L ecture 2011. is lecture is themed Maximum Impact: Using Feedback to Drive Assessment, and will feature key speaker Dr. Maryellen Weimer, Professor Emeritus of T eaching and L earning at Penn State U niversity, Pennsylvania, USA. For further information, please visit www.gloc.biz or Instructional Development Unit at 662-2002 ext 82611, or via email: firstname.lastname@example.org UW I T ODA Y W AN T S T O HEAR F ROM Y O UUWI TO DAY welcomes submissions by sta and students for publication in the paper. Please send your suggestions, comments, or articles for consideration to email@example.com INTERNATIONAL HALF-MARATHON 30 October, 2011 UWI SPEC St. Augustine Campus