UWI today
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094180/00030
 Material Information
Title: UWI today
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: UWI Marketing and Communications Office
Place of Publication: St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Creation Date: May 29, 2011
Genre: newspaper   ( sobekcm )
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Holding Location: University of Florida
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System ID: UF00094180:00030


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-o 0V


I 4


West Indian or What?
UWI leaders outline the role of the university as a regional institution

At midnight on May 29, 1962 - 49 years ago to the
day - the West Indies Federation ceased to exist after
running for four years (from 1958) with ten participating
territories. It was primarily a political union involving
Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada,
Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla, St. Lucia,
St. Vincent and Trinidad and Tobago.
A few months later, a Common Services Conference
was convened to work out areas of continued cooperation
and The University of the West Indies (in April 1962,

Institutionally Accredited
* Another benefit to student mobility

the University College of the West Indies was converted
from a college to a university), along with the Caribbean
Meteorological Service and the Regional Shipping
Service became the only three major entities to continue
providing service to the region.
The ensuing years have seen independent nations
formed, and the birth of community organizations like
CARIFTA and CARICOM. Later would come movements
to establish the CSME and the CCJ, still works in progress
as far as implementation and acceptance go.


Towards a Borderless Region
* Dr Lester Henry

Nearly fifty years since the failed Federation, it is still
unclear to many whether there should be an entity that
could be identified as a West Indian nation. In today's
special issue of UWI Today, we asked the leadership of
the institution most qualified to bear the regional mantle,
for their views on regionalism in the 21st century and
their thoughts on where The University of the West Indies
should locate itself in that context.

to Jamaica.GAMES
Cave Hill Arena
0 Inter campus
rivalry at its finest



Dr. Michael Dowlath, Chairman of the ACTT presents PVC and St. Augustine Campus Principal,
Prof Clement Sankat with the letter of Accreditation.

The St. Augustine Campus of The UWI was
awarded institutional accreditation by the
Accreditation Council of Trinidad and Tobago
(ACTT) on Tuesday 3rd May, 2011.
Members of the Campus administration,
including Professor Rhoda Reddock, Deputy
Principal; Mr. Jeremy Callaghan, Campus
Registrar; and the Deans and Heads of the various
faculties and departments, gathered at the Campus
Principal's Office to witness Dr. Michael Dowlath,
Chairman of the ACTT, handing over the letter of
accreditation to St. Augustine Campus Principal
Professor Clement Sankat.
Those attending the ceremony were informed
that, not only has the Campus been accredited,
but The UWI St. Augustine Campus was granted
institutional accreditation for a period of seven
years, the maximum length of time possible.
"The evaluation team did find The UWI
St. Augustine Campus to be a model university
among similar types of universities which they had
evaluated in the Caribbean, in Asia and in the UK
and US," said Mr. Michael Bradshaw, Ag. Executive
Director of the ACTT.
Two years ago, on Friday 15th May, 2009,
The UWI St. Augustine Campus launched its
accreditation candidacy with the ACTT. The
Campus then embarked upon a rigorous process
of self-examination and reflection driven by Mr.
Jeremy Callaghan, who was also the Chair of the
Self-Study Steering Committee; Dr. Sandra Gift,
the Institutional Accreditation Co-ordinator; and

Mrs. Deborah Souza-Okpofabri, the Campus'
Self-Study Co-ordinator. The findings were
documented in the "UWI St. Augustine Campus'
Institutional Accreditation Self-Study Report,
2010" which was submitted to the ACTT.
In February 2011, following the submission
of this report, a team of evaluators appointed
by the ACTT made a comprehensive site visit
to the Campus. The results of this visit were
documented in the "External Evaluator Report
on the Application for Institutional Accreditation
for The University of the West Indies - St.
Augustine Campus." This report highlights
the strengths of the Campus as well as gives
recommendations for needed transitions, critical
to attaining and sustaining excellence in all areas
of institutional life. Thus, "developing an action
plan for realizing these transitions is a priority"
said Professor Sankat.
At the end of the seven-year accreditation
period, in 2018, the Campus will seek
reaccreditation and in preparation, it will be
expected to submit to a "focused site visit" in
2015. This visit will be carried out by another
evaluation team appointed by the ACTT, and
is aimed at supporting the Campus in further
preparations for its reaccreditation exercise.
The purpose of accreditation is to assure
the public of the quality of an institution and
its dedication to high standards, as well as its
commitment to continuous improvement.

A New Kind of Federation

During my inaugural address as Principal of the
St. Augustine Campus in 2008, I thought it was
important to set out what I saw as a necessary
role for The University of the West Indies in a
rapidly changing higher education landscape.
The role I envisioned was one of leadership in
what could be called a federation of tertiary
institutions. I felt that it had become a vital
position given legitimate national aspirations
and the increasing number of tertiary institutions in the region which
have created a competitive environment, unlike anything the founders
of The UWI could possibly have imagined sixty odd years ago.
There is no question that the rise of state-funded, national tertiary
institutions and the concurrent growth of the regional UWI have
demanded significantly more of Caribbean Governments in one form or
the other. UWI has had to grow to respond to the needs of its national
constituents. UWI has had to replicate programmes in its various
campus countries, for example in Law and Medicine. The recent decision
to offer degrees in Law at Mona and St. Augustine, for instance, despite
recognizing the excellence of the Cave Hill programme, was because
of the great demand in Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago. We had to
respond but will do so in a manner which ensures the regional element
remains intact: one programme across Campuses.
Given the geographical spread of the Caribbean community and
the economic limitations, UWI campuses have always had to balance
regional responsibilities with national priorities - especially when
funding comes almost totally from national budgets.
Yet we have to be mindful of overlaps, duplications, wastages
and inefficiencies in an environment where so many institutions are
competing for the same market and the same resources.
But The UWI alone cannot meet the wide tertiary education
expectations of our countries. There must be space for others. It seems
to me that the issue is how The UWI can use its strengths and experience
in relation to governance, quality and academic programming to
benefit these institutions. UWI can act as the centre of a federation,
the fulcrum for complementarity rather than competition of tertiary
institutions, establishing policy and standards, and setting relevant
outputs and research agendas. This is not to sacrifice their autonomy,
but to build coherence and sustainability, collaboration and cooperation
- establishing a framework of specific roles and responsibilities for
higher education institutions which can be held together in the same
way that UWI has held its campuses together for several decades.

Pro Vice Chancellor & Principal


Professor Clement Sankat

Mrs. Dawn-Marie De Four-Gill

Ms. Vaneisa Baksh

The UWIMarketing and Communications Office
Tel: (868) 662-2002, exts. 2013. 2014
Or email: uwitoday@sta.uwi.edu



A fundamental aspect of the accountability of The University of the West Indies is the annual meeting of the Campus Council, where Annual and Faculty Reports are presented. For
the St. Augustine Campus, this meeting took place on March 29, and there, Pro Vice Chancellor and Principal, Prof Clement Sankat gave an account of the previous year's activities.
The 2009/2010 academic year marked the 50th anniversary of the St. Augustine Campus as a part of The UWI. Among the areas highlighted by Prof Sankat to the Campus Council,
were the following.

In mid-2009 the Campus started its institutional accreditation
process. The Campus had registered with the Accreditation Council
of Trinidad and Tobago (ACTT) in 2008, becoming one of the first
tertiary institutions of its size and reach to bid for institutional
accreditation. The process was completed by the end of 2010 and
was used as an opportunityto conduct a self study assessment of its
entire operations within the framework of the UWI Strategic Plan,
2007-2012 and against the background of the specific accreditation
criteria and standards. The Accreditation was received in May 2011
for a seven-year period.

Total enrolment on the Campus climbed to 17,656, an
increase of more than 8%. The largest rate of increase was in the
Faculty of Law which doubled in size from 80 students in the
previous year to 166 in 2009/2010. The Faculty of Medical Sciences
grew by 11% while the Faculty of Science & Agriculture and the
Faculty of Social Sciences both grew by 9%.
The Campus participated in institution-wide instruments
such as the Speak Your Mind student experience survey, and an
Employer Survey to acquire employer feedback on the graduate
skills and attributes that the employers considered the most
important and the extent to which UWI graduates demonstrated

them. For the first time a survey on the Prevalence of Alcohol Use
Disorders was done on the Campus. The information from this
survey will inform future policies on the availability of alcoholic
substances on the Campus and the further development of health

Wage negotiations with the two entities representing staff
at various levels began for the period 2008/2010, and though
difficult at times, by late 2010 a settlement was reached between
the Administration and the West Indies Group of University
Teachers (WIGUT), the body representing Academic and Senior
Administrative and Professional (ASAP) staff. Negotiations
with the Oilfields Workers' Trade Union (OWTU), representing
Administrative, Technical and Service Staff (ATSS) continued
throughout 2010 and are ongoing.

At the Undergraduate level the Campus introduced four
new programmes, including two new BA degrees in Geography
and Dance. At the Postgraduate level however, there were 16 new
programmes including new Diploma and MSc programmes in
Sports Management, which are the result of partnerships with the
world football governing body, FIFA and the International Centre
for Sports Studies (CIES) based in Switzerland.

The Campus continued to share the research output through
public lectures and scholarly publications. In the reviewyear there
were six professorial lectures and five Distinguished Open Lectures
including one by Nobel Prize winner in Economics, Joseph
Stiglitz. One other important criterion applied by the University
in assessing the level of research output is the number of works
published in peer-reviewed journals or presented at conferences.
During the 2009/2010 academic year the campus produced 274
peer-reviewedjournal publications, 16 books, 27 chapters in books,
and 258 conference presentations.

In the midst of the 50th anniversary celebrations however,
the Campus community is aware of the new realities facing
higher education institutions around the world and here in the
Caribbean There is always a need to explore new initiatives to meet
ever increasing demands. It is with this in mind that the Campus
looks forward to developments that would see an expansion of
our offering with regard to the full establishment of an arm of the
Faculty of Law, and a physical expansion that would satisfy the
particular needs of future students in South Trinidad and on the
island of Tobago.


No need to be Blue about Green Issues


The International Day for
Biological Diversity was celebrated
on May 22, on the theme Forest
Bio diversity, in recognition of the
UN's designation of 2011 as the
International Year of Forests.
On the website of the
Convention on Biological
i i Diversity (CBD) is a video clip
of Edward Norton (of In, rIL'ibil
Hulk fame and therefore, I guess,
in keeping with the "green"
theme) who is the UN Goodwill
Ambassador for Biodiversity. In
this clip Edward asks viewers if
they would prefer to give up a lung or take away all clean
water from our children, rather than pay a little more for a
shrimp cocktail or a cheeseburger? He says that with respect
to our choices about nature as a global community, even
though the choice seems obvious, we consistently make the
wrong decision: destroying millions of acres of forest each
year for non-essential industries such as cheap beef and
shrimp. His point is that forests provide essential services
to us, including clean air and water and that without forests
these fundamental needs would be lost.
This is a good point and, I felt, rather well made.
However, it highlights for me something that is becoming
an increasing frustration. Over the 20 plus years of my
professional life, I have delivered and listened to a continual
stream of negative "doom and gloom" messages delivered
by well-intentioned and committed individuals and groups.
Unfortunately, there comes a point where people become
so disheartened by these messages and feel too small or
incapable of making any real difference, that they just give
up listening.
As a consequence I would like to make some positive
observations about Trinidad and Tobago, with respect to
forest biodiversity. As an Englishman coming from an island
which has removed all but 2-3% of its ancient forests, the
first thing that I noticed when I arrived in Trinidad was how



beautiful, green and forested the country appeared. The view
of the Northern Range from the airport is one that stays
with me. In addition, the number of national conferences,
meetings and other events recently held on environmental
conservation issues, demonstrate that there is an increasing
groundswell among the people for positive environmental
and green initiatives.

I have met a wide range of highly committed men and
women who give their time voluntarily for local NGOs
and CBOs. I have also seen the increasing environmental
education of Trinidad's young people and school children,
which embeds a real sympathy for the environment. I have
been impressed by how groups and families appear to
enjoy their natural environment, be it walking in forests
or playing in rivers, and this again indicates a fundamental
empathy with nature. Finally, the Government will shortly
be introducing a new policy for the protection of Trinidad
and Tobago's forests and for the establishment of a national
park system for the country.
All of this bodes well for the future. However, I also hope
that the current leaders, managers and users of Trinidad and
Tobago's forests recognize this groundswell of opinion and
act now to learn the lessons of countries like the UK, which
destroyed their forests before their fundamental value to its
people was appreciated. Unfortunately Trinidad's forests and
biodiversity are still under pressure from a variety of sources.
For example, a paper, shortly to be published, indicates
that the density of agouti in the Central Range is much
lower than densities in other countries, possibly indicating
over-hunting of this important game animal. Agouti are a
keystone species in Trinidad and Tobago's forests because
they distribute a variety of tree seeds and help to ensure
their regeneration.
In truth, we do not have sufficient data to know for
sure whether or not agouti are being over-hunted. But do
we have to wait until they are gone for confirmation of this?
Before the hunting community gets upset, I would like to
suggest that we come together to resolve the situation. Why
not agree on a voluntary ban on hunting agouti for a year or
two? Continue to hunt, but shoot them with cameras rather
than guns and help to improve the baseline information
available on the populations of this species. This form of
photo-hunting is becoming increasingly popular in other
parts of the world and we, as scientists, could certainly
benefit from the additional, voluntary manpower that the
hunting community could provide for this type of survey

Professor Andrew Lawrence holds a Chair in Environmental Biology at the Department of Life Sciences,
and is a member of the Environmental Committee St. Augustine Campus, UWI.


0 *-M Reen Developmns Crsrod an Fu.ur Prspct

Towards a Borderless Region


The 4th Biennial Business, Banking
and Finance Conference will feature
an array of regional academics and
policy makers. It is useful, therefore,
to reflect on the key issue of the
state of regional integration. For
the past four decades, economic
and regional integration has been a
central goal of the Caribbean region.
The drive for unity in the region has
moved from the British West Indies
Federation, to the Caribbean Free
Trade Association (CARIFTA), to CARICOM and now the
CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME) and the
Single Development Vision. The main goal of CARICOM
was to have a common market; for the region to act as
'one entity'. The objective was to coordinate the economic,
industrial and foreign policies and to have convergence
between the 'less developed countries' (LDCs) with the
'more developed countries' (MDCs). Trade would continue
to expand along with the intention to improve individuals'
standard of living, increase productivity and enhance
international competitiveness. By 1989, the CARICOM
model was extended to CARICOM Single Market and
Economy (CSME). The CSME was expected to act as a large
market for member countries with free movement of labour,
capital and goods and services. Other elements included
the harmonization of legislation (e.g. company, intellectual
property and other laws), coordinated external trade,
monetary and macroeconomic policies and a Common
External Tariff (CET).
The latest quest by the Community for integration is the
Single Development Vision by Member States and the Strategic
Plan for Regional Development (SPRD). Various discussions
have been undertaken with the Heads of Government
and regional stakeholders to set targets for achieving the
integral goal. In 2007, a report entitled "Towards a Single
Development Vision and the Role of the Single Economy"
was adopted by the CARICOM Heads of Government. This
was a broad framework for addressing the development
needs of CARICOM and identified many drivers of
regional economic growth. In fact it is a CSME roadmap
which foresaw implementation of the Single Economy
by 2015. In November 2010, the regional stakeholders in
CARICOM held a conference on The Strategic Plan for
Regional Development in which the main highlight was
the provision of Regional Public Goods (RPGs). RPGs
are services or resources whose benefits are shared by the
member countries, are used freely or at subsidized prices
and whose use result in accelerated regional development.
According to the Strategic Plan, examples of RPGs
include, "(i) non-country picL ifi investments in knowledge,
research, training, negotiation to promote international
competitiveness; (ii) inter-country mechanisms for managing
adverse cross-border externalities or creating beneficial ones
(i.e. policies, legislation, institutions/organisations); (iii)
investments in cross-border infrastructure to enhance the
preconditions for growth/development through trade and
integration among countries and external competitiveness
of commodities/sectors; (iv) creation or re-organisation of
regional institutions to fiJ ditaIte solutions in a range of areas
(finance and banking stability, environmental stability,


"The reality is

that after 40+ years,

the region is far

from operating

as one collective


etc)". Generally, RPGs are policies, institutions, legislation,
regulation and infrastructure.
The Caribbean Trade and Investment Report 2010
was also launched at the conference. The publication,
in its third edition, focused on Strategies for Recovery,

Renewal and Reform and covered regional issues such
as intra-regional trade, conglomerates and cross border
investments, reducing disparities in the region, tourism
and the indebtedness of CARICOM Governments. The
influx of Ponzi schemes in Jamaica and Grenada and the
debacle of the CL Financial Group magnified the regulatory
issues concerning the non-bank financial sector which is
of increasing significance in the region. Therefore, there
has been a keen focus on firm weaknesses - the concept
of "too big to fail" and regulatory reform of the non-bank
financial sector highlighted this issue. Also emphasized
was the vulnerability of the region to external shocks. The
recent financial and economic crisis caused a decline in
remittances, government revenue, investment, employment
activity and the overall growth rate. In addition, the crisis
strained the process of reducing the disparities between the
LDCs and the MDCs. The decline in economic activity is
dampening efforts to harmonize policies as countries have
to implement their own stabilization methods to shield and
restore their own economy.
A devastating earthquake in January 2010 deeply
affected the latest of the 15-member Community, Haiti.
With a population of 9.7 million, it accounts for more than
half of the total population of CARICOM. CARICOM is
committed to assisting and announced in February that a
Haiti-CARICOM Development Fund would be launched.
The reality is that after 40+ years, the region is far from
operating as one collective body. The regional stock exchange
proposed in 1989 is still not realized. Moreover, compliance
by all member states to the targeted schemes is still an issue.
A study by Norman Girvan on C,1 ri''ein1 Community: The
Elusive Quest for Economic Integration, showed that of some
of the existing targets, the introduction of the CET was
met by 11 of 13 participating member states. With respect
to the removal of legal restrictions on services, there is a
'legislative compliance gap' of 56 per cent. Abolition of
exchange controls is required to facilitate the free movement
of capital but, with a fixed exchange rate still implemented
in some countries, this objective is yet to be achieved.
Moreover, there is little headway in policy coordination
(macro-economic, fiscal and financial policy, to name a
few). For the CSME to be successful a commitment must
be made by each of the Heads of Government to harmonize
and comply with the agreed targets. The mentality must
change to one of coordination and teamwork. A collective
effort has to be made by all involved as each country must
make a borderless region its foremost goal.
The 4th Biennial International Business, Banking &
Finance Conference themed "Restoring Business Confidence
and Investments in the Caribbean" will include a discussion
on "CARICOM at cross-roads
fr) and future prospects". The
f. '.11/ r 'S. , issues mentioned previously,
/i *) Y among others pertaining to
SCthe implementation of policies
1 /) / ] t '{ and the progress towards the
CONFERENCE Single Development Vision
F R11 E E will be discussed.
\ 2011 y

Dr. Lester Henry is a lecturer in the Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, The UWI, St. Augustine Campus.




Tapping into Innovative Financing Mechanisms

This is a synopsis of a paper to be presented at the International Conference on the Global South Asian Diaspora
2011, by Jwala Rambarran,Chairman, National Institute for Higher Education, Research Science and Technology
(NIHERST) and Prakash Ramlakhan, Lecturer in Banking and Finance, UWI, St. Augustine.

1- Ju e,01
UW t.Agusin

Conference Launch
Feature Address: Dr. Leela Sarup
Divali Nagar,Chaguanas

Learning Resource Centre, UWI
8.00am - 9.00am
Conference Registration

Although Caribbean countries are now starting to show
some signs of recovery from the global economic crisis that
began in the summer of 2007, many continue to encounter
difficulties in obtaining external financing, a situation
which jeopardizes their prospects for long-term growth
and employment generation. Some Caribbean governments
have reluctantly turned to the International Monetary Fund
(IMF) for financial support. Others have relied mainly on
fiscal stimulus accompanied by borrowing on the regional
capital markets, which further increases the risk of public
debt distress. Inevitably, the Caribbean will need to consider
and adopt more innovative and more stable forms of
financing that target previously untapped investors.
Using data from the World Bank's Migration and
Remittances Factbook 2011, the stock of the Caribbean
diaspora is estimated at around 3.5 million people or
more than one-fifth of the region's population. This is
not surprising since the Caribbean has one of the highest
emigration rates in the world. Preliminary estimates place
the annual savings of the Caribbean disapora at about
US$10.3 billion or more than 15 percent of the region's GDP.
These estimates are based on assumptions that members
of the Caribbean diaspora with tertiary education earn
the average income of their top three host countries, that
migrants without tertiary education earn a third of the
average household incomes of the top three host countries,
and that both skilled and unskilled migrants have the same
personal savings rates as in their home countries.
As expected, savings are higher for countries such as
Haiti, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago that have more
migrants in the advanced economies. Most of these savings
are invested in the host countries of the diaspora, especially
the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. Indeed,
if Caribbean countries were to design proper financial
instruments and incentives, it is quite possible that a fraction
of these US$10 billion in annual savings could be mobilised
as investment in the Caribbean.
Diaspora bonds are one such mechanism for tapping
diaspora wealth. The governments of India and Israel have
issued diaspora bonds, raising about US$40 billion, often
in times of financial crisis. Lebanon and Sri Lanka have
also issued diaspora bonds. Even Jamaica was at one time
considering the issue of a diaspora bond. A diaspora bond
is a retail savings instrument marketed only to members
of a diaspora. Beyond patriotic reasons and the desire to
contribute to economic development of their origin country,
a diaspora investor may be willing to buy diaspora bonds
at a lower interest rate than the rate demanded by foreign

investors. This is a "patriotic" discount. Migrants are usually
more loyal to their origin country than the average foreign
investor in times of distress. By making available a reliable
source of funding that can be tapped in both good and
bad times, a diaspora bond market improves a country's
sovereign credit rating.
Diaspora bonds also provide the opportunity for risk
management. Migrants typically have better knowledge of
their origin country and are less likely to worry about the
risk of currency devaluation since they can often find other
ways to send money back home. They are also less likely than
purely dollar-based investors to be unduly concerned about
the issuing country's ability to make debt service payments
in hard currency.
In summary, the potential for disapora bonds in the
Caribbean is enormous. In the wake of the devastating
January 2010 earthquake, Haiti requires substantial sums
to fund its reconstruction effort. International donors
generously pledged aid to help build a better Haiti, but actual
disbursements have been slow, stymieing the economic
recovery process. If the million-plus Haitian diaspora
were to simply invest US$500 each in diaspora bonds,
the resulting sum of US$500 million would go a long way
in helping to finance spending on relocation of families,
education, energy and transport infrastructure. Part of
the incentive for such investments by the Haitian diaspora
would come from patriotism and part from higher returns.
A five percent tax-free US dollar interest rate, for example,
is far more attractive to Haitian investors who are getting
close to zero interest rate on their deposits. Apart from the
Haitian diaspora, the pool of potential investors could even
be expanded to include foreign individuals and charitable
institutions interested in helping Haiti.
Despite their obvious potential as a financing vehicle,
the actual issuance of diaspora bonds, however, remains
limited to a few countries for a number of reasons. First,
there is limited awareness about diaspora bonds and many
governments are usually deterred by the complexities of
bond instruments. Second, many countries still have little
data on the capabilities and resources of their respective
diaspora. Finally, countries with political insecurity and
weak institutional capacity would find it hard to market
diaspora bonds unless credit enhancements are provided by
more creditworthy institutions. In the end, while patriotism
would motivate the Caribbean diaspora to provide funding
at discounted rates, they must be confident that the funds
would be used prudently.

9.00am - 10.30am
PANEL 1: The Civilizational Heritage
PANEL 2: The Historical Context

10.45am - 12.15pm
PANEL 3: Cultural reconstruction in
diasporic communities: resistance,
accommodation and survival
PANEL 4: Embodied Rhythms and Poetics

1.15 - 3.00pm
PANEL 5: Family/Institutional Histories and
PANEL 6: Leadership and Power relations in the
South Asian Diaspora

8.00am - 9.00am
Conference Registration

9.00am - 10.30am
PANEL 7: Gender issues in the South Asian
diaspora: Critical challenges of feminism
and masculinity
PANEL 8: Voices from the South Asian Diaspora:
On V.S. Naipaul

10.45am - 12.15pm
PANEL 9: Voices from the South Asian Diaspora
PANEL 10: South Asians in Popular Culture, Media
and Material Culture

1.15am - 3.00pm
PANEL 11: South Asian Religions in the Diaspora
PANEL 12: Diaspora Influences on South Asia
Across Time

9.00am - 10.30am
PANEL 13: Economic Enterprise &Technology in
the South Asian diaspora
PANEL 14: The Abolition of Indenture

1.00pm - 6.00pm
FILM: Features from Canada,the Caribbean,
USA, and South Africa
VENUE: National Academy for the Performing
Arts, Port of Spain


Dr.AmarWahab (Conference Secretary)
Tel: 662-2002 ext.4422; E-mail: 2011 gsad@gmail.
com; Conference website: http://sta.uwi.edu/

The Conference on the Global South Asian Diaspora 2011 takes place from June 1-4, 2011
at The UWI, St. Augustine (see Calendar on Page 24)



If not West Indian, then what?

"Before we can have Caribbean literature, we need a
Caribbean," said BC Pires, throwing out a line that could
easily hook any regional endeavour. BC, the writer, was
winding up a discussion on the subject at the recent Bocas
Lit Festival in Port of Spain, but his poignant jest fingers a
gnawing sensation that Caribbean threads are broken, and
not just in a literary sense.
A few months ago, UWI Vice Chancellor, Prof Nigel
Harris, circulated to members of the university community
the text of an enormous lecture given by a former Chancellor
of this University, Sir Shridath Ramphal.
I was intrigued by its title: "Is the West Indies West
Indian?" and the question he asked in its wake: "Worse still,
are we less so than we once were?" The lecture never let up
as Sir Shridath addressed the issue without euphemism
or equivocation and with that authoritative candour that
eventually alights on public figures in their gloaming.
I was similarly intrigued by the Vice Chancellor's
decision to circulate it, given his reticent veneer. Was it a
rallying call?
I thought it was.
The Caribbean air has been full of noises that, as
cacophonous as they are, tell us that neighbours are still
shouting across their fences at one another. On the ground,
people recognize blood relations and business partners,
lovers and limers, and they intuitively feel commonalities.
But political megaphones have been designed to drown out
that orchestra of daily life. And so, from 1956 when active
steps towards a federated West Indies began, to its official
end on May 29, 1962 (49 years ago today), the union of
our spirits has been obstructed by inscrutable political
Many groups, political and otherwise, have been
formed; few have survived with their purposes intact.
True, it is evolution's mandate that survival is wrought by
the capacity to adapt; but it is also true that few of these
organizations established to represent West Indians have
done what they have been set up to do.
So CARIFTA (the Caribbean Free Trade Association),
segued into CARICOM after the Georgetown Accord of
1973 and in between came the Commonwealth Caribbean
Regional Secretariat in 1968 and the Caribbean Development
Bank the following year. The state of CARICOM, operating
now with an interim Secretary General, has distressed the
West Indian desire to see movement rather than stasis
in Caribbean affairs. To the average person, the CSME
(CARICOM Single Market and Economy) is a recent
addition to the package of integrating instruments. Yet,
though it was born in 1989 it really began coming to life
when the former Prime Minister of Barbados, Owen Arthur,
took it to be his legacy.
Global considerations make its implementation
increasingly urgent, but who is driving it? In 2008, the late
David Thompson had predicted a single economy by 2015,
and announced that its watchword was harmonisation,
which would depend on deeper social partnerships.
"As our people move throughout the region, there is
legitimate concern about the access of CARICOM Nationals

Editor, UWI Today

to social services in the host territory, said Prime Minister
Thompson. It is not only access to services that causes
concern, but the very access to countries. In an April 3
editorial, the Jamaica Observer, commenting that "Caricom
is in an advanced state of fragmentation," complained that,
"Nowhere is the lack of community spirit more evident than
in the treatment meted out to Caribbean people as they try
to move around the region. The immigration officials are
among the most destructive elements undermining the
goodwill for integration."
They could not be acting in isolation, as a most
unseemly discourse between government officials from
Barbados and Jamaica about whether someone's hand was
legitimately probing someone's privates demonstrated.
The reluctance to make the Caribbean Court of Justice,
inaugurated in 2005 and located in a country which has not
even accepted it as its final appellate court, baffles by its
narrow-minded dismissal of integration.
Dispassionately, we must assess how far political drivers
have taken us. For those with a sense of the fullness of time,
this post colonial collective is still young, grappling as many
blocs (and couples) have done before us to find ways to live
together harmoniously and respectfully, even on the days

r '

when it seems easier to chuck it all in, leaving nought. To
allow this journey to be defined in purely political terms
denies our rich heritage and our deep intellectual waters.
The circulation of Sir Shridath's lecture created an
opportune moment to solicit the views on regionalism of
the leadership of The University of the West Indies - one of
the first to be still considered a necessary regional institution
at the end of the Federation of the West Indies. In the
context of the challenges to higher education in a changed
global circumstance that is more competitive and where
the economic downturn in the region has had a powerful
impact on tertiary level institutions, it seemed important to
know the thinking of its leaders.
In recent times, many questions have been raised
about the institution's feasibility as a regional creature.
Has each campus become so autonomous in terms of their
offerings that they no longer need each other? Are campuses
competing with each other? Has the cost for students,
despite subsidies, made it too difficult to consider studying
away from home? What strategies are there to meet the
challenges of the times?
And so, to the Chancellor, Sir George Alleyne, the
Vice Chancellor, Prof Nigel Harris, and the four Pro Vice
Chancellors who are also Campus Principals: Prof Hazel
Simmons McDonald (Open), Prof Clement Sankat (St.
Augustine), Prof Gordon Shirley (Mona) and Professor
Sir Hilary Beckles (Cave Hill), I asked the following

1. It is nearly fifty years since the Federation project;
independent nations have passed their infancy, but
perhaps have not reached full maturity, the needs of then
are not the ones of today. The federation was ofa 'Ii, ,il
nature, how would you define regionalism in this 21st
2. The UWI has proclaimed itself a regional institution,
often declaring itself as the only one that still is. Is that
still ipphintlie'?
3. What is your ideal regional UWI?
4. Should it still be a regional institution?

The Chancellor's contribution comes from his recent
inaugural Rex Nettleford Memorial Lecture, "Cultivating
Caribbean Cultural Regionalism" in Jamaica.
This special issue of UWI Today, then, is a gathering
of their individual ideas - not as a collective - on a subject
that is concerned not only with how we see ourselves, but
where we want to go and
how we can get there.
Hopefully, it will be
the start of a continuous
dialogue that must intrigue
. .us all, because no matter
where we locate ourselves,
the question remains: if we
are not West Indian, then
what are we?


The heraldic description of the Coat-of-Arms of The West
Indies Federation as given to the Court of St. James on 1st
August 1957 read,

"ForArms: Or a Pile Gules thereon another Argenta
Bordure Barrywavy of the last and Azure and
Berzanty on a Chief also Gules a Lion passant
guardant gold: And upon a representation of Our
Royal Helmet mantled Gules doubled Argent, for
the Crest: On a Wreath Argent Sable Azure or Vert
and Gules Adexter Cubit Arm sunburnt proper
holding erect a Torch or enflamed Gules: And for the
Supporters: On either side a Brown Pelican wings
elevated and addorsed Gold: together with the motto
'To dwell together in unity'...

Courtesy: The W.I. Federal Archives Centre/ Cave Hill Campus
Archives and the Office of Public Information, Cave Hill Campus.


E1WestIndian, then what?

Cultivating Caribbean Cultural


( hi , i, I The University of the West Indies

I referred briefly to my concern for regionalism in my
graduation addresses of 2010 when I expressed sympathy
with the sentiments in a paper that the Guild of Students
presented to the Finance and General Purposes Committee
in which they emphasized the importance of a Caribbean
unity and bond.
"The Inter Campus Guild Council believes that the
true essence of the UWI - its history of developing regional
strength, Caribbean oneness and a vibrant exchange of West
Indian cultures, which should be at the pinnacle of our
student mandate - has been dormant to our operations,"
they said.
Their excellent paper also asserted that, "As the leaders
of this University, we believe that an effort should be made
to restore the West Indies back to The University of the
West Indies."'
I was moved and impressed by this call from the
students to have the University become a more vocal and
persuasive advocate for the Caribbean regionalism, which
was one of the main reasons for its establishment and indeed
watered the roots of its very beginnings. I am taking their
call seriously and can find no better occasion than a lecture
in honour of Rex Nettleford to explore the nature of what
regionalism should mean to us and how it can be promoted.
I do this with some nostalgia, as in those days when Rex and
I were undergraduates at Mona, the nature of Caribbean
regionalism and the aspirations of the Caribbean people to
establish their particular identity and claim their place, if
not pride of place in the company of the world's nations as
an identifiable region, was the stuff of vigorous debate. There
was no doubt that we had to be exploring - in sport, the arts
and education - the ties that should bind us together. With
the passage of time I have become perhaps less starry-eyed
about many of the things I debated when I was young, but I
am even more convinced now of the notion of a Caribbean
regionalism and the benefits it confers.
There is an undisputed nexus between regionalism
and Caribbean health that runs in both directions and the
importance of critical institutions in protecting the latter has
never been clearer. I will cite some examples of collective
Caribbean action in health because they are in some way
an expression of the Caribbean cultural identity factors
and values such as sharing, kinship and reciprocity, and
cultural identity is one of the foundations of regionalism.
I am conscious of and comforted by Rex's concern that
there needed to be "a greater appreciation of the centrality
of cultural variables in the development equation." He
would include matters related to health as proper dwellers
beneath his umbrella of cultural studies. But I focus not on
health itself, but on cooperation in health matters as such
cooperation is another one of the prisms through which we

see the light of our cultural Caribbean selves.
The Caribbean has a long history of regional cooperation
in health, perhaps longer than in any other area. Initially
most of the cooperation was in the field of control of
communicable diseases. The fear of contagion is a powerful
stimulus to cooperation. The achievements of this region
in the control of childhood infectious diseases such as
poliomyelitis and measles and more recently, German
measles, have been nothing short of spectacular. The plans
and strategies in this area have been codified as a formal
programme of Caribbean Cooperation in Health.
But more recently attention has been turned to the
non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease,
which includes heart disease and strokes; diabetes; cancer
and chronic respiratory disease, which share a set of
common risk factors, such as tobacco use, alcohol abuse,
unhealthy diets and physical inactivity. The burden of these
diseases weighs heavily on the Caribbean - the leading seven
countries for prevalence of diabetes in the Americas are in
the Caribbean. It is estimated that about one in every seven
Barbadian adults is diabetic. The region has recognized that
control of this new plague cannot be achieved by pious and
not-so-pious admonitions to individuals to change their
naughty behaviours. There has to be action by governments
so that the healthy choice is the easy choice. The governments
have to alter the environment to facilitate the decrease in
the prevalence of the risk factors. For example the increase
in taxes on tobacco must be employed as the most effective
method of reducing tobacco use and inhibiting the young
from beginning to smoke.
So seized were they of the importance of regional
collective action that the Heads of Government met in a
Summit in Port of Spain in 2007 to discuss these diseases
and the approach to their control. That summit was a global
first of its kind. But the collective action went further. Ably
led by the Prime Ministers of St. Kitts/Nevis and Trinidad
and Tobago, the Commonwealth Heads of Government
when they met in Port of Spain in 2009 adopted a major
declaration [the Port of Spain Declaration: Uniting to
Stop the Epidemic of Chronic Diseases] on the approach
to prevention and control of these diseases. But collective
action has gone even further and Caribbean governments
have spearheaded the adoption of a Resolution at the United
Nations calling for a United Nations high level meeting
with the participation of Heads of State and Government to
address this scourge. This is historic as an achievement. It is
only the second occasion in the history of the UN that there
has been a meeting at this high level to address a health issue
- and it was initiated and promoted by collective Caribbean
regional initiative.


"Attention will no doubt be given to facilitating the

interaction of students from the region to create that sense

of that identity which is essential to regionalism."

The collective action in health is not only in advocacy,
but there is good evidence of action in the region. One of the
more recent developments is the formation of a Caribbean
Public Health Agency that will be a major advance in
providing a Caribbean response to the shared Caribbean
health problems in such areas as disease surveillance and
control, nutrition and environmental health.
I will cite one final example of a successful, collective
Caribbean health enterprise. Everyone knows that the
Caribbean has suffered and continues to suffer grievously
from the plague of HIV and the consequent AIDS. But
the Caribbean approach is less well known. Ten years ago,
five of us affixed our signatures in Barbados to a formal
document creating the Pan Caribbean Partnership against
HIV/AIDS (PANCAP). That Partnership has survived and
thrived and has been recognized globally as a best practice.
It has mobilised approximately US$80 million in support
of the programmes in the Caribbean Regional Strategic
Framework and has supported the training of over 200
professionals in HIV related areas. Of course, there is a
lot more to be done, but they have been 10 years of solid
I have spoken mainly about health, partly because I
believe that things cultural go beyond attention to the visual
and performing arts and also because it is the field I know
best. It is a source of a little pride that no other region in
the world can claim the number of successful collective
and cooperative health initiatives as we have seen in the
Lest I be accused of disciplinary jingoism let me hasten
to say that there are other areas such as education, in which
many of the same arguments could be made and examples
of regionalism drawn. Most of this would not have been
possible without the competent support of the CARICOM
Secretariat. When brickbats are thrown at CARICOM and
there is lamentation over inaction or slowness of action in
political or economic issues, it is well that we also note those
areas in which there has been effective action and strategic
support for regionalism.
I have contended that it is in this area of the cultural
regionalism that the functional cooperation that underlies
the work of the Caribbean Community is best seen; although
there is no doubt that there is functional cooperation in
other aspects of the Community's work. It is functional
cooperation in this area that can touch the lives and hearts of
the Caribbean citizens and have them accept that they have a
stake in this Caribbean enterprise. There maybe skepticism
over the possibility of economic regionalism and discussion
over whether the instruments necessary for it, such as the
CCJ should be adopted, but there is no opposition to the
premise that collective regional action in health as an aspect
of cultural regionalism is beneficial to every state and bears
fruit for every one of its citizens.
What is the role of The University of the West Indies in
stimulating regionalism and the search for the answers to
the solution of those problems which prevent us from going
further and faster? The Vice Chancellor has established

a Task Force to examine the barriers that inhibit the
University strengthening its regional character, and as the
students phrased it, "putting the West Indies back in UWI."
No doubt there will be a menu of suggestions as to how
the work done here and the organisation of scholarship
can contribute to a better appreciation of its West Indian
origin. Attention will no doubt be given to facilitating the
interaction of students from the region to create that sense
of that identity which is essential to regionalism. Given the
vertiginous growth of the technology of communication
which has fed the interconnectedness that is the essence of
globalisation, it cannot be beyond us to reduce the capacity
of physical distance to inhibit the creation of a common West
Indian purpose and identity. I do know that our paradigms
of connectivity will change for the better to facilitate the
capacity to interact. The young of today have become adept
at navigating the digital cosmos in such a way that they
will make obsolete our formal networks and licenses and
utilise an information architecture that allows them to defy
distance and tether time, coupling it with social software
that allows a fluidity of intercourse at which persons of my
generation can only marvel.
But there are other dimensions to restoring the West
Indies in UWI besides creating the opportunities for
reducing the physical separateness that is an inescapable
consequence of our spread all over the Caribbean. Creating
knowledge in our University about our own reality and our
products is essential for several reasons. First, the application
of local evidence to local problems gives more assurance of
the relevance of the solutions proposed. But in addition, the
University can burnish its brand and strengthen the feeling
of institutional and regional identity through promoting and
disseminating knowledge about its products - specifically its
heroes. I know I am not alone in feeling a certain pride in
and identification with the Caribbeanness of Rex Nettleford
and Derek Walcott and Eddie Baugh and Ken Standard and
many others like them. Good institutions create indigenous
pride by having the young identify with great men and
women who once walked where they now walk and played
where they now play.
It must be obvious that I have a deep and abiding
faith in this regional enterprise of ours and hold that we
can foster the many aspects of cultural regionalism that
strengthen it. I am confident that our University will find
ways to address the concern of putting the West Indies back
in UWI. This is not beyond the capacity of that Caribbean
creative spirit which Rex espoused so well and the virtue
of which he articulated in so many ways. We continue to
be indebted to him for his creativity and compassion, and
especially for his commitment to cultivating Caribbean
cultural regionalism.

This is an abridged version of the inaugural Rex Nettleford
Memorial Lecture, "Cultivating Canb//ifi cultural
regionalism" which was dthi'vred by Sir George Alleyne,
ChII ei, ,r of The University of the West Indies on February
17, 2011, in Kingston, Jamaica.

"Good institutions create indigenous pride by having the young

identify with great men and women who once walked where they now

walk and played where they now play."


1WestIndian, then what?

University to drive



Vice Chi7 ihiLL';I, The University of the West Indies


Sir Shridath Ramphal's comprehensive discourse on the
uncertain state of the regional integration movement in
a talk entitled "Is the West Indies West Indian?" [see full
text http://sta.uwi.edu/uwitoday/default.asp] is certainly
one of the most powerful, informed, moving and elegantly
assembled presentations on this subject. It is true that a
number of West Indian statesmen, scholars, newspaper
commentators and prominent citizens have written or
expressed similar sentiments, but there are few who can
match Sir Shridath's authoritative account of the travails
and frustrations of the integration movement over several
decades. His dissertation is not a cry of helplessness but
a call to arms to all those who understand the value and
importance of a united and productive CARICOM.
While there is ample reason for alarm about the
regional movement on the political front, one must reflect
on other regional sectors within the Anglophone Caribbean
that have withstood the test of time and brought value in
ways that would not have been possible separately. These
are usually assembled under the banner of functional
cooperation and include education and training, health,
sports, meteorological services, disaster and emergency
management, shipping and air transport, among others.
It is true that the achievements of some of these areas
are questionable (West Indian cricket remains the most
notable example) but the value that many of these collective
groupings bring cannot be disputed. In my association
with three regional organizations as Vice Chancellor of
The University of the West Indies, and Chairman of the
Caribbean Examinations Council (CXC) and the Caribbean
Epidemiology Centre (CAREC), I have had the opportunity
to see both the triumphs and challenges of these entities.
The University of the West Indies began as a fledging
College of the University of London in 1948 and in the
course of its 62 years, has grown into an enterprise with
46,000 students (having doubled in size in the last decade),
and an academic and administrative staff of a few thousand
drawn from all parts of the Caribbean. There are in excess
of 100,000 alumni who comprise a significant portion of
the leadership and educated workforce of all sectors of
Caribbean society and among this "bounty" are 60 Rhodes
scholars, 18 prime ministers and a Nobel Prize winner.
The institution accounts for an overwhelming proportion
of research and scholarly publications emanating from the
Caribbean and many of its academics serve on various

"In my view The UWI can only
be regional if its constituents
are truly imbued with a culture
of regionalism so that they
automatically seek alliances with
counterparts on sister campuses
to address problems, whether
these are regional or national."

statutory and corporate boards in the countries where
they reside. In one ranking system of 12,000 of the world's
universities, The UWI ranks within the top 10%. Of course,
this recitation of accomplishments does not detract from
some of the same concerns voiced by Sir Shridath.
The UWI is in many ways a collection of campuses
in Jamaica (Mona), Barbados (Cave Hill) and Trinidad
and Tobago (St. Augustine) - each with an overwhelming
number of students from the countries in which the
campuses are located, each funded largely by their host
Governments and each with varying degrees of development
depending on the fortunes of their host Governments. This
three "national" campus circumstance resulted over the years
in the marginalisation of the 12 countries without campuses
and raised legitimate questions about the "regionality" of
The UWI. It was to address this tremendous challenge
that a fourth campus, the Open Campus, was established
to address the educational and development needs of the
12 "non-campus" (now referred to as the UWI-12 because
the term "non-campus" may have come to mean "none-
campus") countries. Despite the challenges mentioned,
most of the constituents of The UWI if questioned, would
subscribe to the tenets of regionalism. Unquestionably, there
has been progress in terms of cross-campus collaboration
in the context of our 2007-2012 Strategic Plan, but
fragmentation along national lines has been so considerable
that out student leaders joined in a call to re-examine the
"regionalism" of the University. This has led to the formation
of a Task Force to address this question and to suggest ways
to redress the "perceived drift" apart. In my view the UWI
can only be regional if its constituents are truly imbued
with a culture of regionalism so that they automatically seek
alliances with counterparts on sister campuses to address
problems whether these are regional or national.
While I have not addressed the question frontally,
the rise of national universities is increasingly challenging
the value of a regional university and it is in this context
that we have argued that there should be a regional and
even national tertiary education policies that recognize
differences between tertiary institutions and rationalises
them according to their varying missions - teaching at
undergraduate levels; provision of postgraduate education
in broad areas; research and outreach.
The Caribbean Examinations Council is certainly
another success of the Caribbean integration movement.

First formed in 1972, it is now the major examining
body for high school students at the 10th and 12th grade
levels throughout most of the Caribbean. In 2010, CXC
administered 34 CSEC subjects to 208,313 students and 24
subjects at CAPE to 25,766 students. By establishing syllabi
for the various subjects, CXC has a profound influence on
what West Indian students learn and this has resulted in an
infusion of Caribbean material into the content of nearly
all its offered courses. An unrecognised benefit is that the
preparation of syllabi and marking of exams brings together
university and high school teachers from across the West
Indies, thus building a regional collective, a university
without walls that strengthens and enriches that sense of
"West Indian-ness." The CXC has benefited from exceptional
leaders at the helm, the current Registrar, Dr. Didacus Jules,
preceded by Dr. Lucy Steward, who in turn was preceded by
Ms. Irene Walter, all distinguished educators and thinkers
who have overseen the progressive growth of this remarkable
body. Despite its achievements, CXC has not escaped the
pull of nationalism and it is not uncommon that one or
other of our "family of nations" threatens to pull out of CXC,
choosing to return to the UK for one or other of their exams
- this reminiscent of the conundrum of the CCJ alluded to
in Sir Shridath's talk.
Perhaps one of the triumphs of recent years has been in
the area of collaboration in health, and it is in this context
that the "invisible hand" of another Caribbean "giant" Sir
George Alleyne, former Director of the Pan American
Health Organisation (PAHO) and current Chancellor of
The UWI, has been most influential. In a recent address
entitled "Cultivating Caribbean Cultural Regionalism," [see
Page 10] Sir George points out that "the Caribbean has a
long history of cooperation in health, perhaps longer than
in any other area. It has achieved globally recognized success
in the elimination of childhood infectious diseases such as
poliomyelitis, measles and German measles." More recently,
Caribbean government leaders mobilised themselves to
address non-communicable diseases such as diabetes,
hypertension, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases.
In an unprecedented move, the Heads of Government of
CARICOM held a Summit in Port of Spain in 2007 to discuss
approaches to the control of non-communicable diseases
and in 2009, issued a declaration on approaches they would
take. That these have not been only declarations are manifest
by enactment of heavy tobacco taxes in several countries to
reduce tobacco use, a major contributor to cardiovascular
disease. Sir Shridath alluded to a time when the Caribbean
as a collective assumed global leadership roles in struggles
to assert the rights of third world peoples and perhaps this
is manifest today in the success of the CARICOM Heads
of Government in influencing the United Nations to have a
high-level meeting on non-communicable diseases.
However, even in the field of health there have been
challenges, manifest particularly by the diminution of
CAREC, which plays a major role in disease surveillance and

... the rise of

national universities

is increasingly

challenging the

value of a regional

university and it is in

this context that we

have argued that there

should be a regional

and even national

tertiary education

policies that recognize

differences between

tertiary institutions

and rationalises

them according

to their varying

missions - teaching

at undergraduate

levels; provision

of postgraduate

education in broad

areas; research and



epidemiology in CARICOM, but which had been withering
over the past decade because of lack of resources. These
circumstances have changed in the last three years because of
a major initiative led by the CARICOM Ministers of Health
to merge CAREC with other regional health agencies (CFNI,
CHRC, CEHI, CRDTL) to form a Caribbean Public Health
Agency (CARPHA). Initial resources have been obtained to
launch this enterprise and to provide appropriate facilities.
This initiative promises to rebuild regional public health
and to expand research and knowledge development in
unprecedented ways in the Caribbean - one hopes that this
magnificent undertaking will be assured sustainable support
from regional governments.
In viewing the state of the regional enterprise, it
is important to reflect both on the successes and the
shortcomings. The distress felt by Sir Shridath and other
thought leaders in the Caribbean is well placed because
without political and economic collaboration, our chances of
fashioning a more thriving economy and social growth will
be stymied. Whatever the gains of functional cooperation, if
these sectors are not posited on a platform of economic and
social growth, they will surely wither on the vine. Prospects
for substantial economic growth in the Caribbean remain
elusive, the productive base to foster that growth remains
narrow and we are beset by the dark horsemen of social
deprivation, insufficient educational attainment, crime and
gun violence, and susceptibility to natural hazards. These
are not problems that can be solved by tiny "nations and
principalities" acting individually in their scattered place in
the Caribbean Sea. That there can be successes gained when
we act regionally are manifest in the examples alluded to
above in the areas of health and education - we should not
give up on cricket. If we are to prevail, there is an absolute
need for recommitment by our leaders and by ourselves to
a more unified regional enterprise.
The UWI has begun to prepare for its 2012-2017
Strategic Plan. In fashioning that Plan, our leaders have
started meeting and discussing how we might forge a path
that will better position the University to drive regional
integration and regional development - it is a vision in
which we shall strive for a community of students, academics
and staff committed to a more competitive, sustainable and
integrated Caribbean. The creation of a Competitiveness
and Innovation Center, funded by the IDB and launched a
few weeks ago, will be one of several initiatives to achieve
that vision. The initiation two years ago of an Open Campus
that can provide access and intellectual growth to students
in countries where campuses do not exist, and in rural areas
of countries where campuses exist, is another step taken to
forge regional identity and social and economic growth.
The future of Caribbean integration can only be successful
when regional institutions like UWI, CARICOM, CXC and
even cricket become robust, meaningful instruments that
reaffirm our oneness, even as they provide the ingredients
for our societies to flourish.


- -1.W. Indian, then what?

Is Regionalism


PVC and Principal, Open Campus, The University of the West Indies

In a recent conversation about regionalism a colleague
observed that, "History teaches that history does not teach."'
Another colleague, interpreting the statement literally,
thought it paradoxical and untrue because in his view the
business of History is to teach and he could think of no
circumstance in which History does not teach. He was right
in the sense that the business of History, the subject, is to
teach by presenting a record of the events related to human
and public affairs across time. Yet the statement can also
be understood to acknowledge that we do not always learn
from the events and circumstances of the past (the history)
and use our understanding of those events to avoid making
the same or similar mistakes in the present; or even, that we
do not use the very rich analysis of the events presented to
us formally in History to shape a different circumstance in
the present. In this sense it would be true to say that History
does teach that history does not teach, or, that we do not
(always) learn from history.
The aphorism takes on particular significance when
we review the circumstances that led to the demise of the
Federation and our staggered efforts to create unity of
Caribbean states through CARICOM and a "Single Market
Economy." In this context we may well ask whether inertia
has become so inbred in our modus vivendi (and operandi)
that we cannot generate the political will necessary to drive
us towards a union that is manifested in ways more tangible
than periodic meetings of heads of government where the
same subjects are rehashed and decisions postponed to
subsequent meetings in a cycle of deferrals and indecisive
The point has been made that it took European countries
several decades to forge an economic and political union in
which a system for free trade and common external tariffs is
negotiated. The implication is that we probably expect too
much from a relatively young CARICOM.
But have we wisely used the lessons from our history
to capitalise on opportunities to design the architecture
for a political and economic framework of a regional bloc
that would have the strength of voice and vote in the global
marketplace to negotiate better terms for each and all?
History teaches that we may not have done so, and
history demonstrates that we have actually lost ground by
pursuing policies formulated within the scope of narrow
national perspectives that inhibit gains to the collective and

individual states within it. In the Eleventh Sir Archibald
Nedd Memorial Lecture, [see full text http://sta.uwi.edu/
uwitoday/default.asp] Sir Shridath Ramphal cites several
examples from history that illustrate how and where we
have fallen short and why political decisions continue to
hinder our economic development. However, even as he
delineates the pitfalls that have resulted from the lack of a
robust political and economic cohesion, he acknowledges, as
we all do, the existence of a regional identity ingrained in the
collective psyche, and which leads us to celebrate or lament
the successes or failures respectively of the West Indian
cricket team. It is also that sense of a West Indian identity
that cautions against the further erosion of The University
of the West Indies (UWI) as a regional institution.
West Indies cricket and The UWI continue to be regarded
by many as regional establishments. The waning fortunes
of WI cricket have resulted in some disaffection among
our publics if not ardent fans. Likewise, the duplication of
professional Faculties has created the perception that The
UWI is now less of a regional institution than it once was;
that it has become fragmented and approximates three
national universities in countries with established campuses;
that it created an Open Campus intended to be primarily
virtual and to serve countries without established campuses,
but which is held at arm's length and regarded with a large
dose of scepticism in certain quarters in the University.
The duplication of certain professional Faculties and
programmes on the three established campuses has been
undertaken in the climate of a world recession and it has
become increasingly difficult for some students to travel to
a campus outside their home country. The result of this is
the population at a given campus tends to comprise mainly
students from that country and the rich cultural blend when
students from different parts of the Caribbean gathered at
one campus to study has been diluted.
The incursion of foreign institutions into the educational
landscape as well as very aggressive marketing and
promotion strategies by foreign universities to attract
students to study abroad have also affected the UWI
student population overall. Many students who may have
selected one of the UWI campuses now study in the United
States and elsewhere if they can afford to do so or if they
get scholarships. The education landscape is now very
competitive and UWI has to make certain adjustments if it

"The education landscape is now very competitive and UWI has to make certain

adjustments if it is to attract a fair market share across the region."


"Recent trends also indicate that when The UWI is considered as a regional

institution, its ranking among world and regional universities is higher than if

ranking was based separately on the performance of individual campuses."

is to attract a fair market share across the region.
We learn from history that the evolution of The UWI
has been positive and one might say meteoric, if one
considers that a mere 62 years ago the institution started as
a college at Mona with just a handful of students enrolled to
study medicine, and today over 40,000 students are enrolled
at its various campuses.
Recent trends also indicate that when The UWI is
considered as a regional institution, its ranking among world
and regional universities is higher than if ranking was based
separately on the performance of individual campuses.
This is a positive indicator for the institution to preserve a
regional identity. Unfortunately, changes in the governance
structure have tended to erode the regional framework. For
example, year-end cross-faculty meetings were discontinued,
resulting in increased variation in courses with identical
codes and titles. The effect on students has been negative
if credit is denied for some of these courses when students
seek transfers from one campus to another.
UWI has taken some steps to foster regionalism, such
as the establishment of centres that draw on the expertise of
staff across the campuses. It has also created a Millennium
Fund to facilitate student exchanges across campuses and the
proposal for one virtual space promises to create a cohesive
framework for the institution. Yet, much more needs to be
done if The UWI is to reshape itself into a harmonised and
collaborative entity. As examples, I will mention four points
in summary from among several that merit consideration.
First, the governance structure of the University
has to be reviewed to allow for a collaborative and not a
competitive co-existence among the four campuses. As Sir
Shridath has pointed out, our history should teach that the
lack of a common foreign policy or lack of adherence to
an existing one can lead to the perception of the region as
being scattered and uncoordinated. Similarly, if The UWI
has created policies to guide delivery of programmes by its
campuses, then it is counterproductive if different campuses
ignore the policy and negotiate with various entities to offer
the same or similar courses at the same location. When this
happens, The UWI is perceived as an institution in which
its entities compete against each other, and in fact it is UWI
competing with UWI.
Second, in its marketing thrust The UWI needs
to present itself to the world as unified, organised and
cohesive. A distorted view of The UWI is presented when
advertisements speak to the benefits of attending one specific
campus. The UWI might consider forming a unit that will
consider promotion of all its campuses from a unified
perspective that highlights the particular strengths of the
several parts and the benefits to be derived from them.


Third, the entire region would benefit if The UWI
formed productive and mutually supportive partnerships
with national colleges and help to build a network for higher
education that would make for (i) capacity building; (ii) a
shared platform for delivery of courses virtually based on
an appropriate model for cost and revenue sharing and
with the application of approved quality standards; (iii)
facilitating 2+2 arrangements that allow students with
the required qualifications to transition seamlessly from
college to university; (iv) partnerships with the public and
private sector to provide lifelong learning opportunities for
workers and to ensure their continued employability; (iv)
making available, through the Open Campus, a wider slate
of courses and programmes that address the needs of the
communities UWI serves.
Fourth, in creating an Open Campus, The UWI sought
to respond more effectively to the needs of countries in
the UWI-12 and underserved communities. It was also
considered that the OC by virtue of its scope and reach
would bring University services to people in communities
across the region without access to a university education.
In so doing, the OC would itself provide internal cohesion
through ongoing collaboration with the established

campuses to provide a slate of quality UWI courses to
the world. To realise this, an attitude of acceptance of The
UWI Open Campus would be more productive than one
of rejection and ostracism.
Considering the current economic climate as well as
the several changes in The UWI over the last few years, it
is impractical to expect that the experience of regionalism
is going to be exactly as it was some decades ago and
about which alumni speak with nostalgia. While this may
be so, it is important to ask whether regionalism must be
accepted as history - a thing of the past - or whether The
UWI can draw on its considerable resource of gifted and
creative intellectuals to fashion a model of regionalism that
is sustainable and that will make it much stronger.
Perhaps recent histories of institutions similar in
some respects to UWI (e.g. Global Campus, Urbana
Illinois) might teach us how a more inclusive posture and
harmonious environment would strengthen the institution
as it transforms itself to utilise technologies that position it
to continue to be relevant in a rapidly changing educational
environment and to respond more effectively to regional

Some of our proud achievements...

S year-old tradition
of excellence in
and research

Campuses Students


of only two
in the world



Our latest achievement...

awarded to the St Augustine Campus


- 9rrin *~ , S

Nobel Prize

As UWI continues to be recognized both regionally and internationally for its academic and research excellence, we take pride in our
most recent achievement - the accreditation of the St. Augustine Campus by The Accreditation Council of Trinidad & Tobago.


U&Wt Indian, then what?

An Enduring Symbol of


PVC and Principal, St. Augustine Campus, The University of the West Indies

Although it can be said that Caribbean nations have
passed the infancy stage, I would agree that they have not
yet reached full maturity as nations or as it relates to the
integration experience. While the developed world has had
the benefit of over a century of economic conditioning to
prepare for viable existence in today's globalized economy,
Caribbean economies have had to carry out the equivalent
adjustment to their systems in hardly more than a couple
of decades. I would say the Caribbean has had to contend
with more challenges in considerably less time (such as the
erosion of preferential treatment and the liberalization of
world trade) than the developed world. Caribbean countries
have been vulnerable to these trends and many are still
uncertain of the future, for instance, in agriculture and
meeting the demands of increasingly competitive markets
and economies of scale.
The need for integration then (50 years ago) is certainly
not the need for integration now. The factors driving the
need for integration in the region have changed significantly.
While the predominant motivating factor for integration
then was the goal of attaining self-government or formal
independence, the motivating factor for integration now,
not only is the realization by states that further cooperation
can potentially enhance the region's capacity to attain
development, but also the realization that the region
can better respond to the challenges and opportunities
presented by globalization in the 21st century. Integration
of our economies is therefore now seen as an opportunity
to overcome the harsh realities and challenges of smallness
and vulnerability.
One must also note that regionalism in the 21st century
is remarkably different from that which existed in the 20th
century. Traditionally, countries dealt with specific narrow
cross-border objectives, primarily people, security and
trade oriented issues. However, regionalism in the 21st
century has to be considered as a more comprehensive and
multidimensional process. The concept of regionalism today
must encompass other important facets such as ecological,
environmental and natural resource management, cultural,
gender, energy and societal elements like education, in
addition to the traditional political, economic and security
Also to consider, while the process of the past
particularly focused on the relations between governments,
the requirement of today is much more encompassing and
brings into play a host of non-state actors (including but
not limited to non-governmental organizations, non-profit
organizations, civil communities and other institutions, etc.)
which operate at various levels of the global system.
In short, regionalism of today goes far beyond the goal
of creating region-based free trade regimes like CARIFTA or

CARICOM. Instead, the political ambition of establishing
regional solidarity, coherence, mobility and identity,
especially as small states, seems to be of primary importance
in a rapidly changing world order but this regionality must
also be built upon respect and trust, recognizing the diversity
of the Caribbean people.
While The University of the West Indies may not be the
only regional entity which has stood the test of time (there
are others such as the Caribbean Examinations Council
(CXC) and the West Indies cricket team), I would argue
that The UWI is the most visible and solid sign of "West
Indian-ness" in the world and unmistakably a major driver
of Caribbean development, shaping Caribbean identity.
No other institution in the region can boast of producing
thousands of graduates who are now respected leaders in a
range of disciplines across the Caribbean - prime ministers
and members of parliament, leaders in a wide range of
disciplines, academics and scholars, etc. We are indeed the
pre-eminent institution which serves diverse communities
across all territories of the entire Caribbean region, whether
through our three physical Campuses or through our Open
Campus. Further, while some regional institutions may be
considered to have a temporal nature in forging Caribbean
identity, such as the West Indies cricket team - and in recent
years even this may be questioned - The University of the

West Indies is an institution that has forged Caribbean unity
and identity for 63 years, day in, day out and will continue
to do so in the future with the continued support of the
Caribbean people. That we have done this should be a matter
of pride for all West Indians.
My ideal regional UWI is an institution that is able
to adequately respond to the contemporary challenges of
the region; impacting on our individual Caribbean States
with one standard, one quality and in the broader context
of West Indian development; an institution that is globally
acknowledged and recognized as a key engine of Caribbean
development in all spheres of society; an institution which is
able to demonstrate knowledge and excellence in all things
Caribbean - our rich history, heritage, culture and diverse
people - and promote it to the world.
An institution, where both our students and faculty
are engaged in creative thinking, problem solving and
research so as to develop sustainable regional responses
to the peculiar needs of our Caribbean countries - the
challenges of sustainable development, sea level rise and the
environment, disaster-preparedness, wealth creation, crime,
male under-achievement, alternative energy development,
food security and an efficient transport network are just
some of the main areas that loom high on the Caribbean
agenda. Therefore our premier regional institution, The
UWI, must be able to respond constantly to the changing
dynamic environment with the main intention to contribute
to a better way of life for Caribbean people.
While we all have national aspirations, it is important to
remember that Caribbean States were forged by a common
history of colonization and we are all surrounded by the
common waves that lap our shores. We may be separate
nation states but we are inextricably linked. It still goes
without saying that The University of the West Indies,
undoubtedly to my mind, must remain a regional entity. It
is by our very distinct regional character that we are defined
by the world. But we may wish to expand the concept of
The UWI with respect to higher education - possibly into a
new federal structure. This can combine both national and
regional aspirations.
I must also say that The University of the West Indies
is an enduring and proud symbol of Caribbean identity and
unity. And in this context, for our institution to continue
to advance the greater goal of regional solidarity, common
understanding and Caribbean integration, we must remain
a relevant regional institution.
The UWI through its Campuses and other organizations
will continue to impact on our national communities and
hence serve the region in a comprehensive way bringing its
unique aspirations of West Indian-ness, independence and
standards of quality as benchmarks for all. We cannot fail!


SWest Indian, then what?

Finding Balance on a


PVC and Principal, Mona Campus, The University of the West Indies

While many offer geographic and economic space as the
essence of and justification for the brand of regionalism
we experience in the Caribbean, I am of the view that it
is more than that. West Indian regionalism refers to the
intuitive recognition of the fact that there is value to be
gained by a group of countries, small in land mass and/or
population and bound together by a common geography in
the Caribbean Sea, acting collectively in response to evolving
challenges and emerging opportunities. This collective
action is particularly valuable in a global environment
dominated by the actions and interests of much larger and
more powerful nation states and by multinational firms
commanding financial and other resources much greater
than those of the region.
The capacity to act collectively is enhanced by the West
Indian sense of oneness of purpose derived from a common
heritage, history and experiences of the citizens of the
Caribbean states. It is underpinned by a shared value system
which informs a sense of civic and personal responsibilities,
a sense of right and wrong and a sense of equity.
West Indian regionalism is reflected in the common
belief in the region's human capital and the ability to
harness it in an effective and efficient manner for the good
of its citizenry. This excellent management of our human
resources is demonstrated by the ability of the region's people
to perform outstandingly on the global stage regardless
of the domain of endeavour. It is also demonstrated in
the capacity of West Indian law makers to rise above the
circumstances of the region and provide leadership to
much larger groupings of developing countries in their
negotiations with stronger groups of developed nations;
this continues to occur in multiple forums.
West Indian regionalism is embodied in the common
dream of an individual and collective future which is better
than the present and the past which derives from the ability
to think creatively and act collectively.
The essential resource of the West Indies is its people.
The University of the West Indies has played an important
role in the development of the human capital of the region.
Established to educate leaders of government, civil service
and the private sector, it was founded at a time when the
accepted view was that it was sufficient to educate 3-5%
of the population at the tertiary level for these leadership
roles. Given the targeted number of students, a regional
enterprise was recognized to be a more cost-effective and
efficient approach than establishing individual national
institutions. It was also accepted that it would allow for
the consolidation of the best cadre of faculty members and
for improved management of the quality of graduates, of
research output and of policy advice and public service
from the institution.
The UWI 'experiment' has been largely successful with

respect to its initial mandate. It has emerged as an institution
of high international repute for the quality of scholarship of
its faculty and researchers. Its graduates are highly regarded
and have emerged as leaders in every sector of the islands'
Since the time of establishment, however, there have
been substantial changes in the higher education sector. This
accelerating pace of change has been influenced by rapidly
evolving technologies, rapid globalization and the highly
liberalized trading arrangements in many of the West Indian
nations for goods and services including higher education.
Today, many developed and some rapidly developing
countries routinely educate over 50% of each age cohort at
the tertiary level. Several governments of the region have
embraced similar objectives in an effort to accelerate the
pace of development. To be effective, the expanded provision
of tertiary education must be economical and in the areas
of high demand.
In response, The UWI has expanded its enrolment
in all three land-based campuses and introduced an open
campus to better respond to the needs of underserved
communities. The objective of cost-effectiveness has meant
that the University has had to provide candidates with the
opportunity to pursue the degrees of choice close to home.
In turn, it has meant that the land-based campuses have
had to broaden the range of programmes offered at each
location to allow nationals to pursue the full range of degree
In this new and evolving dispensation, the regional

character of the enterprise has been maintained by
continuing to ensure that more than 10% of the student
population at each campus is made up of candidates from
other countries of the region. It has been reinforced by the
continued effort to maintain faculty membership from
across the region at each campus and by employing modern
communication technologies to facilitate cross-campus
lectures. It is reinforced by the quality control systems
implemented bythe Boards of Undergraduate and Graduate
Studies, which have regional representation and which
ensure regionally relevant content delivered at uniformly
high standards across the campuses. The regional character
continues to be evident in the research objectives and public
service endeavours of the faculty at all of the campuses.
The UWI is committed to the preservation of its
regional character through the strengthening of its core
values, important considerations in the formulation of its
University-wide strategic plans. The extensive involvement
throughout the region of all stakeholders in the planning
process is a cogent testament of this commitment.
In the context described above, the ideal regional
institution is one which provides equal opportunity for
West Indian students to pursue a world-class education at
an affordable cost in the areas of specialization of relevance
to their communities. It continues to ensure that all strata
of West Indian society are able to avail themselves of the
opportunities for growth and mobility through education
and in particular that members of the community from
lower income groups participate.
The ideal regional institution produces graduates
who are critical thinkers, innovators and leaders, effective
communicators who are knowledgeable and fully exposed
to global and regional developments. It takes advantage
of the most modern technologies in the delivery of
its programmes while ensuring that its students are
technologically competent. Lifelong learners, the students
are socially and culturally responsive, ethical in behaviour
and entrepreneurial in orientation. The institution produces
research in a wide range of areas which is of the highest
international standards but which is of particular relevance
to the nations of the region. Its faculty are engaged in
policy analysis and in formulating advice relevant to the
regional leaders of the public and private sector and which
can contribute to the continued growth and development
of the region.
UWI should remain clearly focused on its regional
mandate adjusted for the realities of the current environment
described above. It must emerge as an agile institution,
embodying the aspirations of the West Indian people and
societies, but capable of refocusing and restructuring itself
in response to challenges and opportunities which are
rapidly evolving.


- " "1W..tIndian, then what?



PVC and Principal, Cave Hill Campus, The University of the West Indies

Universities everywhere are established to serve nations.
They are not expected to focus on a narrow self-perspective,
or to commit to hegemonic sectional interests. Their mandate
is to drive agreed processes of nation-building such as social
tolerance and upliftment, economic development, cultural
sophistication and political freedom. These objectives are
critical to the enhancement of humanity and implemented
within the imagined construct referred to as 'nation.'
The mandate of The University of the West Indies
is consistent with this pedagogical understanding. It
was established in 1948 to serve a very specific process:
the emergence of a post colonial consciousness within
Caribbean civilization. It was agreed by its founding
thinkers, that despite the political balkanization of the
region, caused by multiple imperial trajectories, a unifying
historical process had created coherent cultural experiences
that expressed themselves as an undeniable civilization. All
agreed, furthermore, that a university, regional in scope
and ideology, would best enhance this erupting empire
of the mind that was countering the dominant vision of
communities as home to servile labouring hands.
In addition, the historians among the founders
emphasized that this common, cultural legacy was crafted
upon an indigenous cosmology that had long imagined the
region as a common survival space - a sea warmly embracing
a settled sense of self, despite its dramatic turbulence and
turmoil. Eric Williams especially, was insistent: a regional
university should be created embedded within a nativist
Caribbean epistemology. Nothing else would suffice!
It was not simply Williams' persuasiveness that won the
day. After all, he was speaking to a gathering of believers
long converted to the philosophy of a singularity of sea and

society. To this end the proclamation that called into being
the regional university was not prophetic, but an expression
of a common sense. The Caribbean was forged against a
background of native genocide, African enslavement, Asian
indenture, and is determined to rise from this colonial rubble
as a unified force of familiarity and, hopefully, family. UWI,
then, was launched as a missile into a self-possessed future
with a distinct mission: to conquer colonialism, transcend
imperialism, and liberate the Caribbean imagination.
This mission is far from complete. Caribbean unity
remains the vision of most inhabitants despite the
persistence of a parading parochialism. Citizens increasingly
are insisting upon the right to live in the Caribbean as their
home though divisive governance has institutionalized the
celebration of segregation that has no historical integrity
and discernible future. The region's politics, as a result, is
best characterized as crippled by the unhappy circumstance
of State versus Society that problematizes the journey to
At no moment in the conception of The UWI was it
imagined that the roots of five hundred years of European
imperialism would wither and die within less time, or that
the emerging mentalities ofpostcolonialism would possess
abundant and persistent passion to drive the project. It was
understood that ebb and flow, advance and retreat - the
dynamics of historical change and continuity - would be
a continuing feature of transformation. The lessons of the
legacy of Caribbean liberation had shown this much, and
The UWI would be subject to these laws.
Men and women of commitment to the ancestral vision
would come and go, while The UWI navigated this turbulent
sea. This much I understood on becoming a part of the

"Caribbean unity remains the vision of most inhabitants

despite the persistence of a parading parochialism."


"Spawning a new generation of national universities and colleges

should be a top agenda priority for UWI, whose parenting role will be

a vital resource in the years ahead."

University's senior management over 15 years ago. There
I 'roots' with such unwavering men and women - Alister
McIntyre, Rex Nettleford, Elsa Goveia, Keith Hunte, Sonny
Ramphal, Bunny Lalor, Compton Bourne, Max Richards,
Woodville Marshall, Roy Augier, Marlene Hamilton
- a powerful intellectual force harnessed by an activism of
regionalism. And it was all very personal. These were citizens
who loved their Caribbean - all of it - and were giving their
lives in its service. Their passion was devoid of parochialism,
and enhanced by their desire for things Caribbean which
they claimed as their very own.
The work of The UWI as imagined by these stalwarts
is still in its formative stages. In some ways it has only just
begun. Preparations for another thrust are being laid. There
have been a few setbacks, and some terrible errors, but the
focus remains and the commitment no less certain.
The ideal of the regional university also remains as
fresh as it was articulated in the '40s. Rationales for regional
governance have changed, so too have the structures
of economic institutions, and frameworks for resource
management. But these are not central to the evolution
of Caribbean civilization - that powerful binding sense of
history that pushes against gravity in order to forge new
depths for the restless and rebellious.
Lloyd Best was in his richest vernacular vein when
he insisted that The UWI should never succumb to the
temptation of being a validating elite of academics. Rather,
it should be a site of continuing resistance to the root causes
of our impoverishment and marginalization. In this regard,
he stands as abeacon along the way - as did Williams, Walter
Rodney, McIntyre, Nettleford and others.
The UWI, then, a site of resistance for the region,
holds direct relevance for the future imagined. When,
for example, our economic industries are threatened by
global capitalism, in which corner of the region should
the loudest voices of resistance be heard? When petty,
domestic politics threatens to rip our fragile peace apart
with racial and ethnic recklessness, where should we find
an arena of opposition? When our youth are ravaged by
locally produced and imported narcotics that enrich a few
and outrage many, whose hearts and minds should rally
the outraged? A regional university that transcends insular
agendas is best suited to mend or remove broken fences and
serve Caribbean society at the level of the collective interests
of multiple communities.
But there is more, of course, much more. Reading the
time, and seizing the season, constitute the mandate of all
high quality academic fraternities. As we examine this third,
communications-driven phase ofglobalization, for example,
we see that it is very much a contradictory process which
we misread to our peril. On the one hand the global agenda
speaks to openness and borderlessness. But on the other
hand, we see that its fundamental building block remains
the 'nation-state.'
Powerful economies push for access to Caribbean
markets while closing their political borders to our citizens.



The politics of globalization promotes a dialogue of strong
nations versus weak nations. The Caribbean nation,
weakened because of its political fragmentation, cries out
for UWI's activism as imagined by its founders. Arguably,
then The UWI has a compelling moment to demonstrate
its pertinence to the needs of the people. Many cases can
be made in support of its continuing relevance, and in all
circumstances they serve to validate the visionary quality
of its founders.
A tertiary education revolution in the region is a
prerequisite for sustained economic and social development.
Currently, the English-speaking sub-region has the lowest
enrolment rate in this hemisphere within the 18-30 age
cohort. A shortage of relevant skills, more than capital,
holds back the region on many fronts. The combined efforts
of the regional university and national tertiary institutions
represent the most efficient way to deal with this challenge.
Spawning a new generation of national universities and
colleges should be a top agenda priority for UWI, whose
parenting role will be a vital resource in the years ahead.
There are many aspects of this expectation that will
require the mobilization of the collective research capacity
of UWI. This is where it has a special niche as the regional
embodiment and repository of our best efforts in search
for new and innovative ideas to remove obstacles to
development. Our challenges are regional in scope and
nature and require collective engagements. Indeed, if we
consider five pressing issues facing each Caribbean society
- HIV/Aids, economic decline, political fragmentation,
social decay, cultural stasis - each requires a regional answer
best prepared by the institutions of The UWI. The roles and
functions of national universities as strategic partners should
be enhanced within the context of a regional university
system in which The UWI, given its wealth of experience
in building regionalism, has a continuing overarching
Imaginative leadership within The UWI is a critical
requirement. This is not a time in its journey for bureaucratic
celebration and excessive administrative tinkering. It
is a moment for a revitalization of intellectualism, and
rededication to the activism of regionalism.
Building consensus among regional stakeholders on
the way forward will require research-based leadership
strategies from the premier research institution. In this
context the fidelity of UWI's voice, and the integrity of
its utterances, are crucial to envisioning the 21st Century
Our region still wrestles with accepting institutions
dedicated to its integrated identity. This suggests the need
to aggressively assert the historical character of UWI. But
such a legacy cannot be presented to the next generation as
a right to be respected. Rather, UWI has to reinvent itself
as a moral and cultural force within an ancestral stream
that has brought us thus far safely, and remains forceful
and fertile.

"Our region still wrestles with accepting institutions

dedicated to its integrated identity."




UWI FinalYear Students you have successfully
completed all 5 steps of the WOW 2011 Programme
and now you are ready for the World of Work!
Over 50 local and regional corporate entities together with more than 1,200 students,
participated in the highly anticipated World of Work (WOW) program from
3rd February to 18th March 2011. From this, they received invaluable
experience and feedback, which they will now use as they enter the job market.
The University is deeply grateful to Republic Bank Limited, the title sponsor this
year and main supporter for the past 10 years. Republic Bank's contribution to
WOW 2011 is a major part of the Bank's ongoing social investment initiative -
The Power to make a Difference - which has embraced an overarching vision of
youth empowerment through education.
The University would also like to thank our supporters - The UWI Alumni
Association (TT Chapter), Ms. Catherine Gordon of Catherine Gordon &
Associates, Mrs. Giselle La Ronde-West, Ms. Karel Mc Intosh, Mr. Derek Chin
of Movietowne, Mr. Kama Maharaj of Sacha Cosmetics, Ms. Krista Thompson
of Anise Resort and Spa and JCD & Associates.
The World ofWork (WOW) Programme is an annual professional development series
offered to all students of The University of the West Indies and focused mainly on
providing career guidance to final year students.



91P q


to Dr Tewarie

The UWI congratulates Dr. Bhoendradatt Tewarie on
his appointment as Minister of Planning, Economic and
Social Restructuring and Gender Affairs. Dr. Tewarie has
served the University for over two decades in a number of
leadership roles including Executive Director of the Institute
of Business, St. Augustine Campus from 1992 to 2001,
Principal of the St. Augustine Campus from 2001 to 2007
and Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Planning and Development
from 2007 to May 2011. The UWI wishes him all the very
best in his new role as Cabinet Minister.
Professor Andrew Downes has been named Pro-
Vice-Chancellor of Planning and Development to replace
Dr Tewarie. In his role as Pro-Vice-Chancellor, Professor
Downes will oversee the final year of implementation of the
University's 2007-2012 Strategic Plan and will coordinate
the construction of the 2012-2017 Plan.
Best Wishes

to Dr Gloudon

Dr. Iva Camille Gloudon, former Director of Sport and
Physical Education at The UWI, was presented with
her Instruments of Appointment on February 24, 2011,
making her the High Commissioner of the Republic of
Trinidad and Tobago to Jamaica and Ambassador to
Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
Dr. Gloudon has worked for decades in several
capacities in the area of sport and physical education
and was instrumental in having the first cohort of
physical education teachers to complete the Bachelor
of Education Physical Education - Secondary degree at
a local institution.
Her accomplishments have been many, and her
service to The UWI outstanding, and the University
community wishes her continued success in her new
diplomatic position.

Victory in Palo Seco

Members of the UWI Cheerleading team pose after winning the Palo Seco Cheerleading Dance Competition 2011
held by the Palo Seco Village Council on Easter Monday. This is the second year of the competition and the UWI
Cheerleaders have won the title on both occasions. This year they also won the Best Uniformed Team category.
The cheerleading team was actually formed for the last UWI Games, which was hosted by the St. Augustine
Campus in 2009 (The biennial games were hosted by the Cave Hill Campus this year.), but has continued as a
competitive sports team. Their training routine includes dance, gymnastics and fitness training.


a -





UWI Games

on at Cave Hill

A large team, comprising 135 athletes and 23
cheerleaders represented the St. Augustine Campus
at the 2011 UWI Games held at the Cave Hill
Campus, Barbados from May 18-27.
This major sporting event provides an
opportunity for hundreds of students from across
the three campuses to come together as one
university. This year, the St. Augustine contingent
competed in basketball, cricket, football, hockey,
lawn tennis, netball, swimming, table tennis, track
and field, and volleyball.
Two of the St. Augustine representatives,
Shervon Penco and Mauricia Nicholson, both
Master's students at the Campus, are no strangers
to competition.
Though this is his second year representing
St. Augustine in the UWI Games, Shervon was
just as excited as he was for the first. "It's fun for
me because the games give me an opportunity to
compete against the guys I usually play alongside.
I like the shake up!"

Shervon currently plays for the Combined
Campuses and Colleges cricket team that plays in
the regional West Indies First Class Tournament, so
he was familiar with some of his opponents.
At the Games, Mauricia represented St.
Augustine in hockey, netball and football. It is
her first time competing in the UWI Games, but
Mauricia has represented Trinidad & Tobago in
football at the Under 19 and Senior Team levels
and at the most recent Commonwealth Games held
in Delhi, India.
Mauricia and Shervon are just two examples
of the talented people who represented the St.
Augustine Campus at the 2011 Games, some other
familiar names include Brent King (tennis), Kjorn
Ottley (cricket), Niveeta Ramcharan (table tennis)
and Keon Francis (shot put/discus).

For more on the just concluded UWI Games 2011,
please visit http://www.cavehill.uwi.edu/sport/




13- 15 Octobei, 2011
St Augustine, UWI

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Leai ning Resolice Centle
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Lady Young Road, Poi t of Spain

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UWI TODAY is printed and distributed for The University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, through the kind support of Trinidad Publishing Co Ltd, 22-24 St Vincent Street, Port of Spain, Trinidad, West Indies.

B usiss,'



l 2011