THE UNIVERSITY OF THE WEST INDIES ST. AUGUSTINE CAMPUS
SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER, 2010
ST. AUGUSTINE CAMPUS 50TH ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATIONS
PAGE 12 PAGE 15
The Mature Lady and A Student Remembers
the 12-year-old Boy 0 Professor Nazeer Ahmad
* Professor Bridget Brereton
The First Principal
* Sir Philip Manderson Sherlock
SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010 UWI TODAY 3
Joining the Family
Students at the Matriculation Ceremony recite the following Academic Vow: "I solemnly promise that, as a member
of The University of the West Indies, I will strive to follow the ideals of academic life, to love learning, to advance
true knowledge, to show respect to the staff of the University and my fellow students, to lead a seemly life and set
a worthy example of good behaviour wherever I may be."
"Today's Matriculation Ceremony marks
an important milestone in your lives. It is the
beginning of a new and exciting journey, one
that will provide you with knowledge, skills and
a foundation for contributing to your personal
development, as well as the development
of Trinidad and Tobago and the Caribbean
region:' said Prime Minister of Trinidad and
Tobago, Mrs Kamla Persad-Bissessar to the
2500-plus students who entered the University
as first-year undergraduate students on
September 16, 2010.
Professor E. Nigel Harris, UWI Vice
Chancellor and Professor Clement Sankat,
UWI Pro Vice Chancellor and St Augustine
Campus Principal, also recognized these
incoming students as new members of the
university's academic community.
"We ask that you begin preparing yourself
from now to be a distinctive UWI graduate--a
creative and critical thinker who is socially
responsive, innovative and entrepreneurial
and a competent leader in your chosen field,"
Professor Sankat stated. Mr Mark Regis,
President of the UWI Alumni Association,
also encouraged the students to join the UWI
Alumni Association after graduation.
The matriculation ceremony included
a formal procession of the University
Council, which included Ewart Williams,
St Augustine Campus Council Chairman
and Central Bank Governor, as well as
members of Campus Management, Faculty
Deans and other members of academic and
administrative staff. As part of the ceremonial
tradition of welcoming new students as
members of the university community, one
new undergraduate student, Mr. Tichard
Manwah, signed a symbolic register on behalf
of the new students, and all new students were
invited to sign the Matriculation Book.
Mr Hillan Morean, UWI Student Guild
President, led the students in the Academic
"It is the beginning of
a new and exciting
journey, one that
will provide you with
and a foundation
to your personal
development, as well
as the development of
Trinidad and Tobago
and the Caribbean
Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar donned an
academic gown to address incoming students at the
A Golden Jubilee is a remarkable achievement
under any circumstance and in a youthful
B region where most of our territories have not
yet reached fifty years as independent nations,
it is an even more treasured milestone for the
UWI St. Augustine Campus. It is a privilege
to be the steward of this Campus at such a
grand moment in its history. A UWI graduate
myself from the class of 1969, I am honoured
to have joined an illustrious line of Campus
Principals that started with Sir Philip
Sherlock in 1960, and included Professor
Dudley Huggins in 1963, Professor Lloyd Brathwaite in 1969, Professor
George Maxwell Richards in 1985, Professor Compton Bourne in 1996
and Dr. Bhoendradatt Tewarie in 2001.
Over the years, the Campus had to expand to accommodate a wider
range of programmes and the large increase in the number of students and
staff. New buildings have altered the landscape, and while we have had to
give up much of the green space that this Campus has been celebrated for
as part of its ICTA legacy, we have done our best to maintain its aesthetic
value, in keeping with the holistic vision of our Campus Master Plan.
At fifty, the UWI St Augustine Campus is entering a mature phase, and
while the first half-century experienced significant physical growth, my
vision is that the focus of the next fifty years will be on building a financially
sustainable Campus, extending our reach beyond our walls particularly
to south Trinidad, to Tobago and to our Caribbean neighbours and
deepening our impact on society through the outputs of our teaching,
research, scholarship and service.
Our students, staff and alumni are our ambassadors of excellence who
will pass the torch to each successive generation, while preserving and
enhancing the unique brand that is UWI. By continuing to nurture strong
partnerships with all our stakeholders, the UWI St. Augustine Campus will
continue to be the preeminent tertiary education institution, an intellectual
leader and shaper of Caribbean identity and development.
Indeed, on the occasion of this fiftieth anniversary, as we celebrate our
achievements, give thanks to those who have helped to build this institution
and salute all our UWI graduates, we reaffirm our commitment to our
tradition of academic excellence and distinction. We will not rest on our
laurels but rather, as our founders envisioned for this 'ight rising from the
West,' keep rising as we forge ahead.
CLEMENT K. SANKAT
Pro Vice Chancellor & Principal
Professor Clement Sankat
DIRECTOR OF MARKETING AND COMMUNICATIONS
Mrs. Dawn-Marie De Four-Gill
Ms. Vaneisa Baksh
The UWI Marketing and Communications Office
Tel: (868) 662-2002, exts. 2013. 2014
Or email: email@example.com
4 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010
11 IN SECONDARY ENTRANCE ASSESSMENT (SEA) TOP TEN
Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, Mrs Kamla
Persad-Bissessar congratulated eleven secondary school
students on their performance in the 2010 Secondary
Entrance Assessment (SEA). The eleven students gained
the top ten marks (there was a tie) in the SEA exams and
were formally recognized by Persad-Bissessar in her feature
address at The University of the West Indies (UWI), St
Augustine Matriculation Ceremony on September 16th,
The eleven are Adilla Bekele (Hillview College),
Charisse Alexander (Naparima Girls'), Joshua
Manickchand (Presentation College, Chaguanas), Ashaish
Mohammed and Timothy Bally (Naparima Boys'),
Priyanka Kissoonsingh and Sonya Mulchansingh (Holy
Faith Convent), Khendrea Sambury, Amanda Mitchell,
Anushka Ramharrack and Caitlin Boodram (St Augustine
Girls' High School).
The students posed with the Prime Minister, the
Minister ofScience, Technology & Tertiary Education Fazal
Karim, and UWI officials: The Vice Chancellor, ProfNigel
Harris, Campus Council President, Ewart Williams, and St
Augustine Principal, PVC Professor Clement Sankat.
MAKE YOUR OWN CHEAP DIRT
BY PATRICIA JAGGASAR-CLEMENT
As I tried to understand how a bag of soil, no bigger than a
251b sack of flour, could cost $35, it hit me that this was not
dirt cheap, this was Mr Dirt! The high cost of soil in a garden
shop on a busy highway in East Trinidad is a symptom of a
problem that is global in scope.
The theme of World Food Day: "United Against
Hunger" (October 16) indicates thatfood production is on
the international agenda. One way to manage sustainable
food production is for people to grow some of their own
food. However, the high cost of soil and other agricultural
inputs can make the cost of producing food at home
prohibitive. The UWI Environmental Committee has
embarked on a small scale composting project to assist
persons to produce some of their own "cheap dirt."
With its roots in the Imperial College of Tropical
Agriculture (ICTA), it seems natural for the St Augustine
Campus to respond to the challenges of the agricultural
sector in the region through research and development.
The Environmental Committee's composting project aims
to encourage persons to use their compostable waste to
create nutrient rich soil.
I am part of a sub-committee with Dr Christopher Starr,
Dr Gaius Eudoxie and we are coordinating the Committee's
efforts in this area. We are creating a home composting kit
that comprises a small bucket with a secure cover and a
handle for the kitchen counter; a large barrel with a cover for
the outdoors; and a small shovel for scooping the compost
from a window in the barrel.
* ABOUT COMPOSTING
* Composting is a natural process that transforms
organic material (such as fruit and vegetable waste from
the kitchen) into a dark rich soil that can be used for
* Material that can be composted: vegetable peelings,
fruit skins, tea bags, egg shells (wash shells before
putting into bin), bread, leaves, lawn clippings
* Do Not compost: Meat, oil or fats, diseased plants, pet
manure, milk, cheese, bones
* GETTING STARTED
(based on home composting experience of Environmental
* You need a small bucket or plastic container (2 to 4
litres) with a lid. This container can be kept on the
kitchen counter or below the sink. Place all vegetable
peelings and waste in the container and keep securely
covered. You may also place egg shells, tea bags, leaves
in the container. Remember; do not put oils, fats or meat
in your compost container. Material from the kitchen
container can be emptied into a larger container every
* You need a larger container (perhaps a barrel) with
a secure cover. The container should have holes at
the bottom for drainage and a space for access to the
* Concrete wash sinks make ideal compost bins. You will
need to cover the top securely. Soil can be scooped from
under the bin.
* A compost pile can be started in a partially shaded
area in your yard. Piles can get very hot so be sure to
avoid placing a pile against a wooden structure. Open
composts need wetting and turning.
* To avoid odour and insects, especially in open piles,
you may cover fresh kitchen scraps with dried leaves
and grass clippings.
For further tips on composting, email the UWI Environmental Committee at Environment.Committee@sta.uwi.edu.
SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010 UWI TODAY 5
UWI's new students received a warm welcome to campus
during the week-long UWI Life student orientation
programme, from September 1-6, 2010. Encompassing
UWI Life Support, Extension, Student and the new
Postgrad segment, this year's UWI Life had something for
The orientation event began with a night dedicated to
the parents, guardians and spouses of new UWI students-
UWI Life Support, aptly named to recognize the strong
support system needed to succeed at the university level.
At UWI Life Support, parents flocked to the UWI Sport
and Physical Education Centre (SPEC), where they were
reassured that they made the right choice in sending their
children to The UWI, and were encouraged to help them
by becoming engaged in their lives.
"Do not control, but provide support," advised Dr.
Dianne Douglas, clinical and community psychologist and
feature speaker at all of the UWI Life sessions. She helped
prepare parents for the journey by warning them not to
coddle their children, but to "let go. Release your hold, but
set good boundaries."
The following night, the new cohort of Evening
University (EU) students gathered at the UWI SPEC to
learn how to manage their own journeys through university
life at a session tailored specifically for them-UWI Life
Extension. The new EU students listened intently as they
were advised on how to juggle full-time careers, family
UWI Life Student attracted a large turnout of students.
responsibilities and academic studies, and were told of the
services offered by The UWI, to help them balance various
elements of their lives.
UWI Life Student on the Friday was dedicated solely to
the campus' biggest group of incoming students, first-year
and first-time undergrads. Hosted by comedienne Nikki
Crosby, this all-day event was the highlight of the week.
After hearing from UWI St. Augustine Campus Principal,
Professor Clement Sankat; Deputy Principal, Professor
Rhoda Reddock; Student Guild President, Hillan Morean,
and feature presenter, Dr. Dianne Douglas; students were
treated to entertainment in the form of interactive games,
led by the staff of the UWI Marketing and Communications
Office and comedienne Rachel Price, and a short concert by
calypsonian, Nadia Batson. Lunch was also provided and
during the lunch break the new students were invited to
explore the Information Village which consisted of booths
set up to inform them about campus services. Students were
invited to paint their own key chains at the International
Office's booth, scope out the new scooters at the Campus
Security booth and get free water bottles and stationery at
In an effort to address the specific needs of all its new
students, this year UWI Life was expanded to include an
event specifically for incoming postgraduate students- UWI
Life Postgrad. Taking place on the last day, this session
introduced new postgraduates to life as a graduate student at
UWI. "This is a different ball game. This is going to be much
more challenging:' warned Professor Sankat. He assured
them however, that there are facilities available on campus
to help them balance their work and academic lives, so not
to worry, but be happy.
1 0 AMPU NEW
6 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010
* GRADUATION HONOUR ROLL
The UWI will be conferring 15 honorary degrees at the
annual Graduation Ceremonies to be held throughout its
four campuses over the next month.
This year, the St Augustine Campus ceremonies will
take place over three days, from October 28-30, a sign of the
growing number of graduates.
The ceremonies begin on October 16th at the Open
Campus Graduation, where Mrs Beverley Steele, CBE,
MH and Professor Caryl Phillips will receive the honorary
Doctor of Laws (LLD) and Doctor of Letters (DLitt) degrees
On October 23 at the Cave Hill Campus in Barbados, Rev.
Dr. Donald Henry Kortright Davis, The Honourable Elliott
Mottley, QC, Professor Naana Jane Opuku-Agyemang and
Charles Straker will receive the honorary LLD.
From October 28-30, the ceremonies will take place at
the St Augustine Campus in Trinidad and Tobago, where the
honorary LLD will be conferred on Mr Doddridge Alleyne,
Mr Hans Hanoomansingh, Mrs Diana Mahabir Wyatt, and
Mr Thomas Gatcliffe will receive the honorary Doctor of
Sciences degree (DSc.).
Finally, on November 5 and 6, the Mona Campus in
Jamaica will host the closing celebration, where Mr George
Neville Ashenheim and the Honourable William Mc
HAITIAN STUDENTS ARRIVE
On September 17, students who had arrived from Haiti
the previous day, attended a simple orientation ceremony
at the St Augustine Campus of The UWI. The students
were warmly greeted by Campus officials and briefed on
the measures that had been put in place as part of the
"UWI for Haiti" initiative which has been running since
the January earthquake devastated the island.
The Haitian Student Fund has focused on hosting
Connell, OJ, CD will receive the LLD, while Dr. Knox Hagley
and Dr. Renn Holness will receive the DSc., and Professor
Edward Alston Cecil Baugh the DLitt.
The 2010 valedictorians for the St. Augustine Campus
have been named for each session. On October 28, Nakita
Noel will be followed by Robert Shirley. On October 29,
Nicholas Seemungal will be followed by Vandana Siew
Sankar, and on the final day, Erle Wright will be followed
by Priya Sahadeo.
displaced Haitian University students so they can complete
their studies at UWI Campuses in Jamaica (Mona), Barbados
(Cave Hill) and Trinidad (St Augustine). While tuition costs
have been waived, accommodation and other costs have to
be met, and fund-raising is ongoing.
At the St. Augustine Campus, 69 applications came
(via the UWI Vice Chancellor's Office) from the State
University of Haiti. Forty-one final-year undergraduate
Engineering students have applied to spend one semester
* BERMUDA MAKES 16
Bermuda is now the 16th country to officially join The
University of the West Indies family. Bermuda's status as an
associate contributing country was approved by University
Council in April 2010 and officially promulgated with
the ceremonial signing of the new Statute defining the
Associate Contributing Country' status for Bermuda by Vice
Chancellor of The University of the West Indies, Professor
E. Nigel Harris and Bermudan Premier Dr. the Honorable
Ewart Brown. The ceremony took place on August 25,
2010 at the Premier's official residence, Camden House, in
Bermudan students will now-like other students of
UWI contributing countries who are sponsored by their
government-be eligible for a subsidy on tuition fees to
study at any of The UWI's four campuses. This will become
effective for Bermudian nationals from the academic year
As he welcomed Bermuda into the UWI family, Vice
Chancellor Harris noted that the process had been a long
one, going back to the early 1990s when attempts were
made to link Bermuda to the West Indies. He expressed
his pleasure that at the initiative of the Government of
Bermuda, the process was rekindled in 2008, culminating
in the accession of Bermuda as an associate contributing
country of The University of the West Indies.
completing their final projects. Twelve final-year
undergraduate Science and Agriculture students <
have applied to spend up to one year completing l
their final projects. Five Veterinary Medicine <
students have applied to spend two years completing 8
Master's degrees (nominated by the Chief Veterinary -
Officer of Haiti). Eleven final-year Dental students
have applied to spend up to one year completing
0 CAMPS NEW
8 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010
Biodiversity and sustainable development are very closely
linked, and our eco-indigenous agricultural knowledge could
provide the key to managing both.
"The indigenous knowledge systems of the peoples of the
South constitute the world's largest reservoir of knowledge
of the diverse species of plant and animal life on earth:' said
Mervyn Claxton, international consultant, researcher and
He was delivering the Third Lecture in The Cropper
Foundation's Distinguished Lecture Series on the
Environment. Themed "Indigenous Knowledge and
Sustainable Development," this free and public lecture took
place on September 1st at The UWI Faculty of Engineering.
"Ecological agriculture, organic agriculture, and
conservation agriculture are the names employed by modern
science to describe the methods, techniques, and practices
which the indigenous peoples of the South have applied for
many centuries. Ecological agriculture, or to use its original
.name, indigenous agricultural knowledge, is recognized by
a growing number of scientists as the most effective method
of promoting sustainable development,' he said.
Held in collaboration with The Ministry of Housing
A,. and the Environment and The University of the West Indies
(UWI), St Augustine Campus, Faculty of Science and
Agriculture, the lecture was meant to contribute to public
awareness and education on the multiple dimensions and
: ;issues of sustainable development. Claxton identified industry,
conventional agriculture, deforestation and transport as the
S. four major sources of greenhouse gases which contribute to
climate change, and he explained that ecological agriculture
.; sequesters carbon from the atmosphere more cheaply and
'' more effectively than CCS (carbon capture and storage).
c .... "Eco-indigenous knowledge should possibly be
considered the essential factor in solutions for the problems of
preserving biodiversity, promoting sustainable development,
0. .. and mitigating climate change. Those three problems,
arguably, constitute the most important challenges that
confront mankind today," he said.
.X "Claxton was a college teacher in West Africa for five
years, a diplomat with the Trinidad and Tobago Foreign
R.Service for twelve years, and an international civil servant for
"q nineteen years with UNESCO, where he served in a number
of senior positions, including that of UNESCO Representative
to the Caribbean.
The evening included the launch of "Moving Right
Along'", compiled by Professor Funso Aiyejina, Dean of The
UWI St Augustine Faculty of Humanities and Education.
"Moving Right Along" is an anthology of short stories from
participants in The Cropper Foundation's Caribbean Creative
Writers' Residential Workshops, held between 2000 and
2008. The anthology is dedicated to the late John Cropper,
Mervyn Claxton, international consultant, researcher and author.
co-founder of The Cropper Foundation.
Any kind of investment in art is worth
celebrating, especially in an environment that
is lethargic at best in its response to artistry.
"Moving Right Along," is self-described as a
"collection of Caribbean stories in honour of
the late John Cropper," and in that sense it is a
touching tribute to the memory of someone who
invested his time, energy and love generously to
The writers in this collection were all
graduates of the Cropper Foundation Residential
Writers' Workshop, an initiative undertaken by
John and Angela Cropper just over ten years
ago in memory of their son, Dev, with the
collaboration of the Faculty of Humanities and
Education at The UWI.
The twenty stories were edited by Dean
of the Faculty, Prof Funso Aiyejina with Judy
Stone, and offer a wide range of skills, styles
and subjects. The collection is evidence that
there is a lot of potential among these budding
writers, and like all embarking on any journey,
they would benefit from continual guidance and
encouragement, such as the Cropper Foundation
workshops have offered.
"Moving Right Along" is inriiilli/C
at The UWIBookshop.
SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010 UWI TODAY 9
* ON THE BALL
The President of international football's governing body,
FIFA, Joseph "Sepp" Blatter, delivered a Distinguished
Lecture on "Sport as a Catalyst for Promoting National
Development and Solidarity" on September 25 at the LRC on
the UWI St. Augustine Campus.
Mr Blatter, left, shared a moment with UWI's Director
of Sport and Physical Education, Dr Iva Gloudon, while the
FIFA Vice President and Works Minister, Austin Jack Warner
looked on. FIFA and SPEC jointly run an Executive Sport
*A FIRST FORTOBAGO
In late August, faculty members at the St. Augustine
Campus of The UWI visited Tobago to launch the
Arthur Lok Jack Graduate School of Business (GSB),
International Master in Business Administration
(IMBA) programme the first face-to-face Masters
programme to be held in Tobago.
The launch of the programme "marks a significant
milestone in our efforts as a university to continuouslybe
of service to both Trinidad and Tobago," said Professor
Clement Sankat, UWI St Augustine Campus Principal
and Chairman of the Board of GSB. This partnership
between The UWI and Tobago is especially significant as it
demonstrates the university's commitment to address "the
demands, needs and interests of traditionally underserved
communities" in the region, Sankat said, stressing that
the programme's incoming students must contribute by
using their skills to "develop your communities in a way
that speaks to moral ideals, ethical principles, and honest
SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010 UWI TODAY 11
FROM THE CHANCELLOR
Relevant, Responsive Research
a Priority for the next 50
This St. Augustine Campus, the second-born child of The
University of the West Indies, grew from rich agricultural
stock. Its forerunner, the Imperial College of Tropical
Agriculture (ICTA), was an internationally respected
institution of teaching and research, attracting scholars from
all over the world.
Even as the fledgling St. Augustine Campus deepened its
pristine roots in agriculture, it began to seed new disciplines-
engineering and the social sciences being among the first.
Over its fifty years, several more have joined this orchard. The
additions have been diverse and fascinating as the region has
developed and The UWI has sought to keep abreast of and
respond to the changes that have come to the Caribbean. In
its fiftieth year, after such considerable expansion has taken
place that the physical space-save for the Administration
Building-would be practically unrecognizable to an ICTA
student; the Campus has renewed its commitment to
In its first fifty years, regional needs demanded that
the Campus expand access to tertiary level education, and
this has been done at a more than satisfactory level through
expansions of physical infrastructure and degree offerings. St
Augustine can feel proud of its achievements in service and
teaching. While research has always been an integral part of its
academic remit, the next fifty years must see an even greater
effort in fostering research that is relevant and responsive.
The societies of today that have positioned themselves on
knowledge-based platforms are the best poised for success
There are several tertiary level institutions providing
foundation programmes, and the St. Augustine Campus
will collaborate with them to the best of its ability, but it
is determined and committed to exploit its comparative
advantage in nurturing research and teaching, particularly
at the postgraduate level. This has to be one of the essential
ingredients in any recipe for academic institutional
My congratulations to St. Augustine!
Sir George Alleyne
FROM THE VICE CHANCELLOR
Shaping the Future Together
My warmest congratulations are extended to the entire
team at the St. Augustine Campus as they celebrate its 50th
Principal Professor Clement Sankat and Deputy
Principal Professor Rhoda Reddock and their colleagues
are to be highly commended for the wonderful programme
of events that has been arranged to commemorate this very
special anniversary. As we celebrate, we should also take the
time to reflect on the remarkable journey that began with
the transition in 1960 from the Imperial College of Tropical
Agriculture. That history is told in a book by Professor
Bridget Brereton, herself a former Deputy Principal of the
campus, and I commend the book, From Imperial College
to University of the West Indies: A History of the StAugustine
Campus, Trinidad & Tobago, to each of you as a wonderful
The St. Augustine Campus now boasts the largest
enrolment among our four campuses. This is a significant
achievement, but it also brings challenges of infrastructure
and human resources to support that enrolment. The
Principal and his team have reaffirmed their commitment
to ensuring that the hallmark of quality is maintained in
the provision of all services on the campus and I have every
confidence that they will meet that promise.
The campus is the southernmost point of the University's
geographical reach and, together with its sister campuses
Cave Hill in Barbados, Mona in Jamaica and the Open
Campus serving all sixteen contributing countries, they
afford The University of the West Indies its unique regional
character. This organic structure allows for creative ways to
infuse regionality into our teaching, our co-curricular and
teaching programmes and to use information technologies
to create a single virtual university space in which each
member of the community will have access to resources
from any point within the region.
Over the 50 years of its existence, the St. Augustine
Campus has produced many thousands of graduates who
have gone on to be leaders in their respective fields of
endeavour. Our faculty members have produced research
that has been impactful at the national, regional and
international levels and has brought much acclaim to the
regional University. Our contributing Governments have
also been very supportive and I thank the Government of
the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, past and present for its
ongoing support for our University. To our dedicated faculty
and staff, to our alumni who continue to support us, to our
current student body to whom we look for great things in
the future, I say a hearty thank you. You are the collective
heart and soul of our regional University and together we
must continue to shape the future of our region.
Professor E. Nigel Harris
12 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER. 2010
The Mature Lady and
the 12-year-old Boy
BY PROFESSOR BRIDGET BRERETON
Professor Bridget Brereton's book, From Imperial College to University of the West Indies:
A History of the St Augustine Campus, Trinidad & Tobago, will be launched as part of the
celebrations of the 50th Anniversary of St Augustine on October 12, 2010
On October 12, 1960, an impressive ceremony took place
at the brand new Queen's Hall in Port of Spain: the handing
over of the Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture (ICTA)
to the University College of the West Indies (UCWI.) Present
were a veritable Who's Who of the day: the Governor-
General and Prime Minister of the West Indies Federation;
the Governor and Premier of Trinidad & Tobago; ministers
of both the Federal and the local governments; and, of
course, the top officials of UCWI and ICTA.
The speech of the day was by Arthur Lewis, Principal
of UCWI, the future first Vice-Chancellor of UWI (1962)
and Nobel Prize winner. He described the 'marriage' being
celebrated as one between a mature lady of forty and a
twelve-year-old boy, and advised that the boy must be
willing to learn and the lady to be tolerant. This was the
union which made St Augustine the second campus of the
regional University and launched fifty years of steady growth
in tertiary education at this site.
The Imperial College had opened its doors to students
in 1922. In its 38 years of operation, it never offered degrees;
instead, students (mainly West Indian school-leavers)
studied for a Diploma which was roughly equivalent to
an undergraduate degree, while others (mostly British)
obtained postgraduate qualifications. Its main purpose was
to prepare British men for posts in the empire's agricultural
services, and to do research on the cultivation and
processing of tropical crops; training young West Indians in
agriculture was secondary. Bythe 1950s ICTAs student body
After a visit to the Campus in April1958, this photo appeared in the Trinidad Guardian with the following caption: HRH Princess Margaret
receives a bouquet from Patricia Khelawan. Standing in the background are student representatives from each of the West Indian territories
participating in the ICTA.
was very international, with West Indians outnumbered by
postgraduates from Britain and from virtually every colony
in the tropical empire.
ICTAs weaknesses were that it never offered degrees, its
student body was always small, its links to the country and
the region in which it was located were weak, and it was a
distinctly colonial institution at a time when colonialism was
on its way out. Its strength lay in its international reputation
for high-level research and its impressive group of research
scientists at St Augustine.
This formed the core of the first Faculty at the new
UCWI campus, the Faculty of Agriculture (1960), followed
in 1961 by the Faculty of Engineering. Under the leadership
of Philip Sherlock and Dudley Huggins in the 1960s, the
fledgling campus was transformed as part of the regional
University, which gained its 'independence' as UWI in
1962. In 1963, undergraduate teaching in the arts, social
sciences and natural sciences began under the umbrella of
a 'College of Arts and Sciences'. From a total student body
of 67 in 1960, all in the Faculty of Agriculture, the campus
had 1270 students in 1969, studying many different subjects
During the 1960s, St Augustine was still dominated
by the buildings and facilities inherited from ICTA: the
Administration Building, the Frank Stockdale Building, and
many other structures located in the northern half of the
campus. But new structures soon appeared, starting with the
first Engineering Block (1962-63) and Canada Hall (1964),
the second student residence (Milner has been opened in
1927-28 as ICTAs student hostel). Trinity Hall, for women,
was opened in 1972. Much of the new building in the
1960s was located in the southern half of the campus-the
area used as the College Farm in the days of ICTA-and
the impressive, if hardly beautiful, structures of the JFK
Complex were erected here. By 1968-69 the Complex was
occupied, providing much-needed space for teaching in the
arts, social sciences and natural sciences, along with a lecture
theatre, an auditorium, a cafeteria and student amenities,
and-above all-a new Library. From its desperately
cramped quarters in the Administration Building, the Main
Library, under the inspirational leadership of Alma Jordan,
moved to its present location in 1969. It was to undergo two
major extensions in the 1980s and 1990s. In the northern
area where most of ICTAs facilities had been taken over
SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010 UWI TODAY 13
"ICTA's i'calkicsscs i\'crc that it lilever
ofcrcdl delgr"CC its stmicit boit' I'l5s
uli tl)'s sumil, its links to the coliitriv iilli
the reQioll ill i'llich it i'als 10ocLatCd I'crc
I'ckll, alnit it IW'as a distilctl/' cololial/
institution ait a1 time 'licn coloniiaisul
'alS1 on its iW\'i' lut. Its st'rcli,th /lli ill
its ilntclniltional l r-cputltiion or 11li/ ,-
IC Icl research c i llat its illmpressie group of
research scientists at St A ugustinc."
by the Faculty of Agriculture, the new Dudley Huggins
Building (1969) provided more space for that Faculty.
In universities all over the world, the late 1960s
witnessed considerable political activism by students, and
St Augustine was no exception. Indeed, it can be said that
between 1968 and 1970, the campus was more at the centre
of national events, and more intensely present in the public's
consciousness, than ever before or since. The Rodney
Affair, the local repercussions from the Sir George William
University events in Montreal, the swiftly developing Black
Power Movement, largely led by St Augustine students
or recent graduates, the formation of NJAC-all placed
the campus at the centre of events. Student leaders like
Geddes Granger (Makandal Daaga), Dave D'Arbeau
(Khafra Kambon) and others became household names.
Several members of the academic staff were prominent in
the movement and two were detained during the State of
Emergency (1970), along with several students or recent
graduates. All in all, 1970 was a tense time for the campus,
whatever people's individual opinions about Black Power.
Political activism on campus waned in the 1970s,
and the campus entered another period of expansion,
presided over by Lloyd Braithwaite, Principal 1969-84. The
College of Arts and Sciences was disbanded and replaced
with Faculties of Arts & General Studies, Social Sciences,
Natural Sciences, and Education, replicating the structure
at Mona, and joining the original Faculties of Agriculture
and Engineering. The oilboom (1973-81), coupled with the
determination of Prime Minister Eric Williams to create
a petrochemicals and heavy industry sector in Trinidad,
made possible a spectacular expansion of the Faculty of
Engineering, funded by the national government, in the late
1970s and early 1980s. This was the 'Empire of Engineering',
much envied by less fortunate sections of the campus.
The oil boom also funded the huge Mount Hope Medical
Complex, and drove the government's decision to set up a
new Faculty of Medical Sciences in Trinidad which would
teach dentistry and veterinary science as well as medicine.
This was a painful and difficult process; but at last (long
after the end of the boom), in 1989, the new Faculty based
at Mount Hope opened its doors to students.
Just like the nation itself, St Augustine has suffered
from recurrent periods of'boom and bust' After the heady
years of the oil boom, from which the campus benefitted
tremendously, a period of hard times set in from the
mid-1980s, which lasted more or less a decade. It fell to
Principal G.M. Richards (1985-96) to bring the campus
through these difficulties. Many new developments had
to be put on hold, but the growth in student numbers, and
in programme and course offerings, never stopped. By the
mid- 1990s, the financial situation had improved, and a new
era of building and general expansion began, funded in part
by massive loans from the IDB, as well as subventions and
capital grants from the national government. Important new
structures went up in this period of renewed expansion,
presided over by Principals Compton Bourne (1996-2001)
and Bhoendradatt Tewarie (2001-07), such as the Learning
Resource Centre, the Student Activity Centre, the Sport
and Physical Education Centre (SPEC), the extensions to
the Natural Sciences and Chemistry blocks, the Centre for
Language Learning, the Joyce Gibson Innis Hall at Mount
Hope, and others. Student numbers increased steadily,
and dramatically from about 2001, when the national
government first pledged to pay half of all tuition fees for
undergraduates, then (2004) a hundred per cent (GATE).
Many new programmes, undergraduate and
postgraduate, were introduced in this period and some
departments or programmes were seriously stretched
to accommodate the rapidly rising enrolments. Some
developments were not universally welcomed, such as the
move to the two-semester system, carried out in the early
1990s; and the decision in 1996 to merge the Faculties of
Arts and Education to create the Faculty of Humanities &
Education, and the Faculties of Agriculture and Natural
Sciences to create what was eventually named the Faculty
of Science & Agriculture. This last merger, eliminating the
first Faculty to be established at St Augustine, the inheritor
The speech of the day was by Arthur Lewis, Principal of UCWI, the
future first Vice-Chancellor of UWI (1962) and Nobel Prize winner. He
described the 'marriage' being celebrated as one between a mature lady of
forty and a twelve-year-old boy, and advised that the boy must be willing
to learn and the lady to be tolerant.
SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER. 2010
of the ICTA tradition, was especially difficult, creating
reverberations which exist to this day.
Yet unquestionably the last few years have been an
exciting time of expansion-in student numbers, staff,
buildings, programmes, support services, centres or
institutes-with the campus enjoying another boom period
up to the onset of the world-wide depression in 2008.
Stresses and strains there inevitably were (and are) but
the sense of forward movement was palpable. Impressive
new buildings went up, such as the Lloyd Braithwaite
Student Administration Building, the Daaga Auditorium,
the Sir Arthur Lewis Hall of Residence on St John's Road,
Engineering Block 13, and the still incomplete six-storey
Teaching and Learning Complex. While the present
financial situation is again difficult, the forward movement
is not likely to be reversed, with the continuing support of
the national government despite its own challenges, and
under the leadership of Principal Clement Sankat (2008)
and his team.
As we walk around the campus today, we can read
its history in the buildings, trees, green spaces and roads.
ICTA's legacy is strong on the northern side, with the grand
old Administration Building (rededicated earlier this year
after a thorough refurbishing inside and out) still presiding
over the landscape. To the south the JFK Complex and the
Main Library, the creation of the 1960s, along with the many
and massive Engineering buildings, dominate. The newer
structures, erected in the 1990s or later, are to be found
everywhere, with the Daaga Auditorium perhaps standing
out particularly. Its name recalls our history: On its site,
in 1927, the ICTA Dining Hall was opened, a two-storey
building with dining facilities and kitchens downstairs, club
and recreation rooms upstairs. When St Augustine became
a UWI campus, this structure became the Guild Hall, the
centre of student activities. In the period of student activism
of 1969-70, it was renamed Daaga Hall after an African
ex-slave soldier who led a mutiny at St Joseph in 1837. The
building was destroyed by fire in 1980, and the present
Auditorium stands on the same site. And the history of
our campus going back even before the creation of ICTA is
recalled by our oldest building: the Principal's Office, up to
1996 the Principal's residence, is the original Great House
of the St Augustine sugar estate, built in the middle of the
EARLY DAYS: An aerial view of the ICTA. The main building is at the centre, the new L-shaped biology building is at right (Frank Stockdale
laboratories), and the new sugar laboratories and Soil Sciences Chemistry. The Experimental Sugar Factory is in the foreground.
For the first years of its life, the Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture functioned in converted army huts. Photograph shows an early council meeting in an army hut.
Bridget Brereton is a Professor of History at the History Department, UWI, St. Augustine.
t .. --- .-I -
14 UWI TODAY
SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010 UWI TODAY 15
A SON OF THE SOIL
BY PROFESSOR NAZEER AHMAD
He toiled in the ICTA fields and planted his roots at UWI, now this
Professor Emeritus tells of early campus life and a different landscape
When I came to the Imperial College of Tropical
Agriculture as an undergraduate student in 1949,
the campus consisted of the original Administration
Building, the Principal's House (now the Principal's
Office), and a building which had been constructed
as a hospital (Yaws Hospital) located at the present
car park east of the Bookshop. This building housed
the Department of Agriculture, Botany and Plant
Pathology and Entomology, classrooms and teaching
laboratories. South of this building was the Chemistry
and Soil Science Building, now known incorrectly as
the CFNI Building. The original building of Milner
Hall existed at its present location with a student
dining hall and common room located approximately
where Daaga Auditorium is today. All the lands now
occupied by the sports complex [SPEC], Canada
Hall, the Library, Arts and Social Sciences, the car
park, Engineering, Land Surveying, CARIRI, Natural
Sciences and Chemistry were experimental farms for
the College (ICTA). The cemetery is where it is today.
The College Campus as such, was complete with the
cricket field as it is today, and the rest of the grounds
was used as a golf course.
By 1949, the College was already established as the
premier centre in the world for teaching and research
in tropical agriculture. Its library was also recognized
as the most comprehensive on the subject anywhere.
There were commodity research programmes for crops
such as cocoa, cotton, sugar cane, and bananas, and
important advances were also being made in areas
such as plant propagation and storage and processing
of plant products.
The academic programme was also well established
by that time and it consisted of three components. One
was a three-year undergraduate diploma programme
(DICTA), and two postgraduate programmes: a one-
year Diploma in Tropical Agriculture (DTA) started
in 1948, and the other, normally a two-year associate
programme (AICTA). This course was inaugurated
from the inception of the College. The AICTA was
recognized as the most prestigious qualification in
Tropical Agriculture at the time and graduates from
many countries were enrolled.
The selection process for admission to this course
was rigorous, particularly for graduates of the College
itself, since these graduates did not have to apply
for admission, but rather, if you were considered
admissible, you were invited by the Principal to enroll
for the course. Very few graduates from the College,
who were mostly West Indians, received such an
invitation, having failed to meet the required academic
The undergraduate agriculture programme was
really high quality professional training carried out
by qualified and experienced staff, some of whom
were world authorities in their fields. Over three
years, it progressed from pure sciences to applied
sciences impacting on agriculture, then to agricultural
sciences in the final year. Practical work at all stages
was emphasised, with hands-on experience in all
For instance, during my studentship, the present
University Field Station was acquired and developed.
It was formerly a bamboo plantation where an
international publishing company was experimenting
in the use of bamboo for making paper. In the
development of that site, we had practical experience
in clearing bamboo with a bulldozer, fencing the lands
and making the first roads. We also had the experience
of land preparation: sowing, harvesting and processing
the first crops grown on it.
During the second year of the course, each student
had to maintain five plots with different crops. The
plots were located where the Faculty of Engineering
now stands. The now weedy pond in the quadrangle of
the Faculty was our irrigation pond. It collected waste
water from the entire campus, including the swimming
pool, which was merely a small "cement pond" where
the present pool is now located.
"One of the course requirements of this rigorous academic system
was that the classes were very small. If my graduation group consisted
of eight students, the one before had only four! "
16 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010
The academic standards established by the College
were very high. There was no accommodation for
failing any courses since there were no supplemental
examinations or repeats. Students were actually
allowed to fail in one subject in any year, but this
subject could not be Agriculture, Botany or Chemistry.
Once a student was deemed unsuccessful, he had
to leave and we were saddened to see some of our
colleagues go as the course progressed. The rate of
failures was always high. In my year for instance,
we started with 20 students, but eight graduated.
Our year had the largest number of admissions at
the college. One of the course requirements of this
rigorous academic system was that the classes were
very small. If my graduation group consisted of eight
students, the one before had only four! Clearly, with
such small numbers of students, we had individual
and personal attention from the lecturers and this
was a great learning privilege, especially in laboratory
classes. Since there were no demonstrators or tutors,
our lecturers performed these functions and were in
attendance throughout practical classes.
The undergraduate course was essentially
residential since students at various stages had to
begin their day at 6am. Exceptionally, permission was
given to live off-campus, but the accommodation had
to be approved and located in the St Augustine area.
From 1922, when the first students were admitted, to
1950, no female students were enrolled at the College.
In 1950, four were admitted for the first time, two
undergraduates and two in the DTA programme.
During my studentship also, there was significant
physical expansion of the College. The Sir Frank
Stockdale and the Sir Francis Watts (Soils) Buildings
were constructed and commissioned. The College
celebrated its Silver Jubilee in 1951, when these
buildings were commissioned. Milner Hall was also
extended with the construction of the North and
There was significant social life on the Campus,
even though the academic programme was so intense.
Participation in sports was encouraged and facilitated.
Students were invited to visit staff members and their
families socially in the evenings at their homes in a
kind of "open house," when we had the chance to see
our lecturers from a different perspective. Since the
staff lived on the College property, these visits were
convenient and usually pleasant.
Although numbers were small, the student body
was very international in composition and to live and
work with students from all these countries and cultural
backgrounds was itself an enriching experience.
When I returned to the Campus as staff in 1961,
recall how surprised I was at the extent of the physical
deterioration of the facilities. This was because of the
reduction of financial support for ICTA by the British
Government during the period of negotiations with
UCWI for the transfer of the College. I then fully
understood a statement I heard from Sir Arthur Lewis,
Principal at UCWI, at a lecture he gave at the Town
Hall in Georgetown, Guyana in 1958, when he said
that ICTA was almost too good a gift to UCWI, which
simply did not then have the resources to take over,
maintain and improve the facilities.
However, as we know, this situation changed at
the take-over. The Faculty of Engineering was added
and Agriculture was incorporated as a Faculty with
no additional building space. Arts and Sciences came
later. These other disciplines were added with little
additional resources and I recall the serious differences
of opinion at the time among staff members at the
advisability of expanding into these new areas under
the existing economic conditions and the likely
consequence of lowering academic standards. Some
members of the largely expatriate staff even resigned
their positions in protest.
Student numbers increased slowly at the beginning
of The UWI, with only Agriculture and Engineering
being offered, but with the addition of Arts and
Sciences this changed. The student body comprised
a high percentage of more mature students than
at present, and I believe there was also a closer
connection between the students and the university
One of the consequences of the rapid expansion
of the University in more recent times is the slow
but steady decline of Agriculture as an academic
discipline. It was undoubtedly the solid academic
foundation upon which the campus was built, but
now it is not even a Faculty on its own. In this regard,
I vividly remember a remark made by one of our most
distinguished agriculture graduates at an international
conference in Port of Spain recently, when he said that
Agriculture at St Augustine is disappearing. We can
hope that the discipline will not actually disappear,
and Agriculture will again experience better times if
one of the important regional goals is food security
and if the University is to regain its pre-eminent status
in this field.
Professor Nazeer Ahmad, was born in 1932
in Guyana and is one of the few surviving
Associates of the Imperial College of
Tropical Agriculture (AICTA).
He was an undergraduate student from
1949-1952 (DICTA), and postgraduate
(AICTA) from 1952-1953. He went on to
do his M.Sc. in Canada (Mc Gill University
and the University of British Columbia),
and then did his PhD in the UK. Having
completed his PhD in 1957, Dr Ahmad
returned to what was British Guiana to take
up the position of Agricultural Chemist and
Head of the Division of Soil Science in the
Ministry of Agriculture.
In 1961, he returned to Trinidad to take
up a position as lecturer, and he became
a professor of Soil Science in 1969. At 79,
he is a Professor Emeritus, attached to the
Department of Food Production in the
Faculty of Science and Agriculture.
Professor Ahmad's work in Tropical Soil
Science is internationally acclaimed and he
has travelled the world, acting as a consultant
and advisor in soil and land use problems.
He was awarded the Inter-American Institute
for Cooperation in Agriculture (IICA) Gold
Medal for his contribution to research in
Soil Science in the Caribbean and Latin
Yaws Hospital, which also once housed the library, was converted into classrooms.
18 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010
Sir Frank Worrell greets Queen Elizabeth II at the St. Augustine Campus of The UWI in February 1966. Just a year later, he died at the age of 42.
Looking on are the Campus Principal, Dudley Huggins (1963-1969) and her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh.
Sir Frank Worrell and CLR James
ONCE IN A BLUE MOON
This is an edited excerpt of a speech by Vaneisa Baksh at a function to
mark the Fiftieth Anniversary of Sir Frank Worrell becoming captain
of the West Indies cricket team in 1960. The event was organised
by the Sir Frank Worrell Memorial Committee and took place on
September 8, 2010 at the Central Bank Auditorium, Port of Spain.
Sir Frank Worrell was a warden at The University of the West Indies.
This occasion celebrates the fiftieth anniversary of Frank
Worrell becoming captain of the West Indies cricket team,
and I have been asked to talk about the role of CLR James
in that seminal event, which came 32 years after Test status
Technically, Worrell was not the first black captain of
the West Indies, George Headley had captained a match
in 1948, and even Learie Constantine had acted briefly as
captain during a match in 1935 when Jack Grant injured his
ankle on the fourth day. But he was the first to be appointed
captain for a series, and it came after considerable lobbying
by CLR, because the West Indies Cricket Board of Control
was set to re-appoint Gerry Alexander to lead the Australian
tour of 1960-61. Worrell, as one of the legendary three Ws,
which included Clyde Walcott and Everton Weekes, who had
already established their status for a decade, was thought
the best qualified for the position.
In 1958, CLR returned to Trinidad after 26 years outside,
and became editor of the People's National Movement party's
newspaper, The Nation. He used its pages to make his case,
which was partly, in his words, an "attempt to dislodge the
mercantile-planter class from automatic domination of
West Indies cricket."
SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010 UWI TODAY 19
"Alexander Must Go," was the headline of one piece
insisting that the very idea of Alexander captaining a side
including Worrell was "revolting." "The best and most
experienced captain should be captain, what has the shade
of one's skin anything to do with it?" CLR systematically
laid out Worrell's qualifications for the post. In England in
1957, he said, "His bearing on the field, all grace and dignity,
evoked general admiration. In every sphere, and others
beside myself know this; the opinion was that he should
have been the captain."
In The Nation of March 4, 1960, he famously wrote,
"Frank Worrell is at the peak of his reputation not only as a
cricketer but as a master of the game. Respect for him has
never been higher in all his long and brilliant career"
He said Australia wanted him. "Thousands will come
out on every ground to see an old friend leading the West
Indies. In fact, I am able to say that if Worrell were captain
and Constantine or George Headley Manager or co-manager,
the coming tour would be one of the greatest ever."
He cited tours to India with Commonwealth sides in
the 1940s, where Worrell, who captained the team on three
occasions, was esteemed as "one of the greatest cricketers of
the age." Incidentally, those tours comprised multi-national
teams, which had never before been seen, but is now the
norm in Twenty20 tournaments of today.
CLR waged a relentless campaign, and the outcome was
that Frank Worrell was appointed captain for that series,
which reconfigured the way the game was played and which
saw a new captaincy paradigm for the West Indies. After a
dozen white captains, Frank Worrell came, and fifty years of
West Indies Test cricket have now gone by without another
white face leading the team. We've had 17 or so captains
since, although the number of times the captaincy has
been changed is a bit more, with some serving more than
once. But we haven't had another white captain, and the
emergence of Brendan Nash is the first time in a long time
that there has even been a white player on the team. Have
our white players retreated? Dismissed the game? Or have
they been wilfully excluded? Why that is so, is a matter for
a different discussion.
Why CLR took up cudgels for Frank Worrell is
more pertinent here. CLR perceived his ideal qualities of
leadership in Worrell. I'd like to focus on them because it is
important to know what they were or else Worrell's identity
becomes shadowed and all that our future generations will
know is that Sir Frank Worrell is the name on a building.
From as early as 1933, when he published The Case for
West Indian Self-Government, CLR was setting out what he
thought to be a West Indian identity. In a 1967 article for
The Cricketer, called "Sir Frank Worrell: The Man Whose
Leadership Made History," he painted this portrait of
"If his reserve permitted it, this remarkable intelligence
could be seen in his views of West Indian society. To us who
were concerned he seemed poised for applying his powers
to the cohesion and self-realization of the West Indian
people. Not a man whom one slapped on the shoulder, he
was nevertheless to the West Indian population an authentic
national hero. His reputation for strong sympathies with the
populace did him no harm and his firm adherence to what
he thought was right fitted him to exercise that leadership
and gift for popularity which he had displayed so notably
in the sphere of cricket. He had shown the West Indian
mastery of what Western civilization had to teach. His wide
experience, reputation, his audacity of perspective and the
years which seemed to stretch before him fitted him to be
one of those destined to help the West Indies to make their
own West Indian way"
They were the makings of the leader CLR felt was
necessary at the time, but his was not blind loyalty to
Worrell. He was concerned with what he felt was best for
In the course of my research on West Indian cricket, I
came across a document which had never been published,
and which is included in my thesis. Written by CLR in 1961,
following the celebrated tour of Australia, it was called "After
Frank Worrell, What?" and it raised several issues about how
to sustain West Indies cricket and its cricketers.
As forceful as ever, CLR began, "I am absolutely and
militantly opposed to Frank Worrell being made captain
of the 1963 team to England." Arguing that not only had
Worrell indicated he did not want to do it as he felt he was
not fit enough anymore, James insisted that Worrell had
already shown the world all the qualities it needed to see,
and it was time to let Conrad Hunte take up the mantle.
"Worrell has shown what we are capable of. He had to
wait a long time. The English people know all about Worrell
now. He can add nothing to our and his reputation. But he
can lose a lot of both." He suggested that he go in another
"Send Frank as manager; send him as special
correspondent for the West Indies press; send him as
Ambassador or Special High Commissioner to the Court
of St. James. But not as 1963 captain, thank you."
We know that Frank went to England, and that series
would be the last one of the three in which he captained the
West Indies. He had led for 15 matches against Australia,
India and England, won nine, lost three, tied one, and drew
two-and for those of you interested in statistics, he had a
60% win record, as compared with Clive Lloyd's 48.6% and
Viv Richards' 54%, or Steve Waugh's 71.9%, and even Gerry
Alexander's 38.8%. In that short time he had done more to
alter the international game of cricket and the way players
saw it and themselves.
In the 1970 book John Arlott edited, Cricket: The Great
Captains, James wrote ofWorrell, "I was amazed to find that
his main judgement of an individual player was whether he
was a good team-man or not. It seemed that he worked on
the principle that if a man was a good team-man it brought
the best out of him as an individual player"'
Worrell was an exceptional manager, and a major aspect
of this was his insistence on fair play, on the field and off it.
He was an egalitarian, and in his resolute and diplomatic
way, commanded respect for his beliefs.
Worrell's emergence at the time of the nationalist
movement in the English-speaking Caribbean singled
him out. For a time he was known as a cricket Bolshevik,
following his letter to the West Indies Cricket Board of
Control before the 1948 tour of India to negotiate payment,
and to work out the continuation of his league cricket in
England during the summers. The Board refused to discuss
the matter, fully expecting that he would back down. He
did not, and opted out of the tour, making a statement that
cricketers too were professionals and should be treated with
due respect. So you see, Worrell stood on the side of players
when it came to Board negotiations.
The great bowler, Wes Hall refers to the nurturing
quality of his leadership in his autobiography, Pace Like
Fire: "Even when Gerry Alexander was skipper it was Frank
who solved every player's problem, negotiated his league
contract and advised on his play" It was within this concern
for players' welfare that Worrell stood up to inequitable
systems of remuneration.
Worrell also helped to foster a mentoring programme
by dismantling the practice of senior players remaining
aloof from the newcomers. "Normally junior members
of any touring party automatically refrain from mixing
with the experienced Test players, partly because they are
overawed by them, but Worrell and Gaskin wiped away this
distinction," wrote Hall.
There is also the little known story of Roy Marshall, of
whom Michael Manley wrote, "there are those who think
that Roy Marshall and Gordon Greenidge, both Barbadians,
maybe the two most accomplished openers the West Indies
In his autobiography, Test Outcast, Marshall talked
about privilege and prejudice, "Being a white West Indian
myself, the son of a planter and living a fairly sheltered life,
I suppose I did grow up with slight racialist feelings." He
goes on to say, "As a result of my fair skin I was able to enjoy
membership of special clubs, make use of special privileges
which are not enjoyed by the coloured people. I was brought
up in an atmosphere which gave the impression that the
white man was superior."
He wrote that these feelings were altered through his
interaction with Frank Worrell, who was not yet captain, but
whose leadership qualities were so evident that the younger
players naturally looked to him for guidance.
"I lost all such feelings and impressions when going on
tour-and the man I have to thank most for this was Frank
Worrell. When I started touring I was only nineteen and
Frank was six or seven years older. He had already travelled
fairly extensively and knew the way of the world. He held
no such views. To him every man was entitled to equal
consideration, whatever the colour of his skin. Being around
with Frank and seeing how he treated everybody, you could
not help but come to the same conclusion."
These were some of the characteristics of Sir Frank,
qualities that made him an excellent leader. They are
qualities not generally associated with contemporary
leadership inside or outside of West Indies cricket in recent
times; but to me they are worthy of emulation even as we
acknowledge that West Indies cricket no longer represents
a model of excellence for this generation.
There were many similarities between CLR James
and Sir Frank Worrell, and perhaps this further aligned
their fates. They believed in West Indian-hood and were
federalists to the bone; yet they were both maligned in their
home countries for being too arrogant and outspoken, and
had to live elsewhere. They were well-read and had both
been newspaper columnists in England.
There was yet another compelling bond. All who saw
Worrell, remark on the beauty and grace of his movements,
the polish of his manners, the elegance of his dress and
deportment, and his almost languid ease in any social
circumstance. CLR, himself an artist, analysed everything
through a lens that was perpetually seeking the crafting
hand of art. In Worrell he found the perfect subject. For Sir
Frank Worrell was nothing short of a work of art, and CLR
was a connoisseur.
"After a dozen white captains, Frank Worrell
came, and fifty years of West Indies Test cricket
have now gone by without another white face
leading the team...Have our white players
retreated? Dismissed the game? Or have they
been wilfully excluded?"
20 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER. 2010
SIR P H I L I P
MAN D PERSON
THE FIRST ST AUGUSTINE PRINCIPAL
Sir Philip Manderson Sherlock was the first principal of the
new St Augustine campus of the University College of the
West Indies (UCWI). He had been a member of the Irvine
Commission that in the late 1940s had recommended the
establishment of the UCWI, and is regarded as one of the
founding fathers of the university.
He served as St. Augustine principal from 1960 to 1963,
before taking over as Vice Chancellor (1963-1969) from Sir
Arthur Lewis-the first West Indian to hold the position.
The UCWI was now formally known as The University of
the West Indies (UWI) and its expansion in the sixties was
fairly rapid. By 1963, the Cave Hill Campus had joined Mona
and St. Augustine, and faculties were being restructured
or created, and Sir Philip was a fundamental figure in
that expansion. He introduced Extra Mural Studies to the
University and was its first Director.
Born in Jamaica on February 25, 1902, into a Methodist
household (his father was a minister), he went on to study in
England, graduating from the University of London in 1927
with a first-class honours degree in English and literature.
As an eminent Caribbean scholar, he was esteemed
as an historian, with a great passion for folklore. He was
either author or co-author of around 15 books primarily on
West Indian folklore, such as "Ears and Tails and Common
Sense: More Stories From the Caribbean" and "Anansi, The
Regarded as a Caribbean man, he received the region's
highest honours: the OCC, Jamaican Order of Merit, and
a knighthood from the Queen of England. He died in
December 2000, at the age of 98, and he was still writing
at the time.
* AMONG THE FIRST
Dr Dyanand Rajkumar (left), and Mr Anthony
Farrell, two of the early alumni of the UCWI,
attended the media launch of the week of 50th
Anniversary celebrations at the Office of the
As she presented a brief outline of the St
Augustine story, History Professor Bridget
Brereton singled out Dr Rajkumar as one of
the very first students to enrol in the new BSc
Agriculture of the University College of the West
Indies (UCWI). As a student, he took part in
the procession at the Queen's Hall event in 1960
where the Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture
(ICTA) was officially handed over to the UCWI.
He graduated in 1964.
Sir Philip Sherlock at left, with Lloyd Braithwaite, who became Principal in 1969, after Dudley Huggins retired.
SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010 UWI TODAY 21
"Hollywood," said Yao Ramesar dismissively, "is a small
town in L.A," but yet, it is taken as the producer of all that is
quintessentially American cinema. This, and other factoids,
formed the central themes of Ramesar's Public Lecture at
UWI's LRC, on September 13. It was the first event in a
partnership between the University of the West Indies and
the Anthony N Sabga Caribbean Awards for Excellence.
We, the narrative consuming world, according to
Ramesar, seem to be trapped in Hollywood's conception
of "linear narrative and romanticism", and more recently,
Bollywood's equally narcoleptic escapist themes. These
preoccupations lead to neglect, if not a degeneration, of
indigenous identity and self-understanding.
Ramesar placed the blame not only on environmental
but human factors, noting that the country that had
produced the only new musical instrument of the
twentieth century had fallen to eighty-fourth place (out
of 139) in global competitiveness and fifty-fifth place in
global innovativeness. He was also critical of attempts by
the Trinidad & Tobago Film Company, and governments
past and present, to establish the country as a location for
international films, which meant conventional Hollywood
action films, at the expense of other genres. "There is a
conception that art films are not commercial. But the most
successful Trinidadian action film made $60,000 at the
box office over months in Trinidad," he said. "Abroad, one
screening of one of my films makes $120,000."
Likening his films to unconventional Latin American
and Caribbean writers, he said "People [abroad] read Wilson
Harris and Garbriel Garcia Marquez and call it 'magical
realism' but they don't understand that here, it's everyday
life'. And that life is becoming increasingly chaotic because
it is lived, but not recorded, or commented upon. The
post-independence period in the Caribbean, he reminded
the audience of about 300 people, produced an enormous
amount of literature and artistic work directed at things as
they were in that period in the Caribbean. But the present
generation "seems to have lost that urge". They are not
making use of the medium of the times: film. "Both Naipaul
and Walcott have said if they could do it over again, they
would write for the movies," he said.
Ramesar used clips from his films and a generous
sampling from his Sista God, the only Trinidadian film
to be selected for the Toronto Film Festival. He spoke of
the use of existing landscape and architecture, people and
natural light. For example, scenes from Sista God were shot
in a bar called "Desert Storm" in Pasea Road, Tunapuna,
owned by an American soldier who had been a combatant
in the first Desert Storm. One of the actors in the film was
a former American Marine, who now lived here, and who
appeared in his authentic uniform. Another portion of the
film was shot in the slum community of Bangladesh, and
used a woman from the area as the central character (in
that part of the film).
Ramesar is a UWI Lecturer in its Film Studies
programme, and was the inaugurallaureate in the Anthony N
Sabga Awards in 2006. His fellow laureates were Monsignor
Gregory Ramkissoon (who was this year awarded the Order
of Jamaica), and Prof Terrence Forrester.
The lecture was prefaced by remarks from UWI
Principal Prof Clem Sankat, who expressed satisfaction at
the partnership between UWI, and the ANSA Caribbean
Awards. Awards Programme Director, Maria Superville-
Neilson also remarked that the partnership was "desirable
and natural" since three of the ten laureates were UWI
academics and lecturers (Ramesar lectures at UWI, and the
other two are Profs Kathleen Coard and Terrence Forrester
of Mona). It is expected that more lectures featuring
Caribbean Awards laureates in partnership with UWI are
Caribbean cultural researcher, lecturer and
programme coordinator for The UWI's Arts and
Cultural Enterprise Management Programme
(ACEM), Dr. Suzanne Burke, recently launched
her book, "Policing the Transnational: Cultural
Policy Development in the Anglophone
Inspired to unearth the source of under-
performance in the Caribbean's cultural sector,
Burke suggests that success of this sector
has been elusive because of a lack of cultural
confidence, which ultimately determined the
type of policies that were formulated and the
manner in which resources were deployed over
the period under review. In the book, Burke
dissects the current predicament facing the
region's cultural industries which, according
to her research, remain under-developed due
to a shaky policy regime. The book, which was
born out of Burke's doctoral research in the field
of Sociology from 2003 to 2007, analyses four
key sectors (book publishing, the performing
arts, popular music and the Trinidad overseas
Carnival complex) within Barbados, Jamaica
and Trinidad and Tobago.
"There is a conception that art films are not commercial.
But the most successful Trinidadian action film made
$60,000 at the box office over months in Trinidad," he said.
"Abroad, one screening of one of myfilms makes $120,000."
22 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010
* ENGINEERING ACCREDITATION
The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering of
the Faculty of Engineering, UWI, has secured international
accreditation of the Bachelor of Science programme in
Electrical and Computer Engineering for intake years 2010
to 2012. The Faculty and Department received accreditation
from the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET)
of the United Kingdom.
Professor Stephan Gift, Head of the Department of
Electrical and Computer Engineering, stated that he was
"quite pleased" with the development. The programme fulfils
the educational requirements for Chartered Engineering
when presented with an accredited MSc. The programme
also meets the educational requirements for registration as
an Incorporated Engineer.
Professor Clement Sankat, UWI Pro Vice Chancellor
and St Augustine Campus Principal, stated, "Being
recognized in this way puts our university at a competitive
advantage. In the environment in which we operate, and
especially with students, graduates and staff constantly
crossing national boundaries, meeting global output
benchmarks for our programme is extremely desirable:'
* NEW PRE-ENGINEERING PROGRAMME
A new programme at The UWI will bring some relief
to Caribbean students interested in Engineering, but not
having qualifications to enter the Faculty of Engineering.
The UWI St Augustine Campus has launched a Pre-
Engineering programme, the latest addition to its family
of pre-professional programmes.
The Pre-Engineering programme is a "special mix of
educational components ... put together specifically to
provide an alternative path for potential regional candidates,"
into the BSc programmes offered by the Engineering Faculty,
explained Professor Brian Copeland, Dean, Faculty of
Engineering. He was one of the key speakers at the launch,
which took place on Tuesday 7th September, 2010.
The programme is a collaboration between the Faculty
of Engineering and The UWI Open Campus. Students of the
programme will take classes in Mathematics, Introduction
to Engineering, Introduction to IT and Technical Drawing,
with a special focus on the practical skills necessary for the
T-e pro -gr - e e *ao
R. T pSog. me th- e
'" "'%" ';i
Iasn I h croa t IEngi ner .
L I i lIL
* WANT TO WRITE FOR HISTORY JOURNAL?
The Department of History at The UWI, St Augustine is
soliciting contributions for the second issue of its Online
Journal, History in Action.
The annual journal is available via the UWI
institutional repository (UWISpace) and should benefit
scholars, students, libraries and members of the public
interested in history.
The Journal's Editorial Committee invites
contributions on documentary history, archaeology,
personal narratives (based on oral interviews),
ethnography, historical geography, historical linguistics
and cultural landscapes.
Contributors are encouraged to submit multimedia
data in support of their respective papers, should the
need arise. To expedite the process of publication,
this journal is not being peer-reviewed. However, all
submissions will be assessed by the Editorial Committee
to determine their suitability for publication. The Editor
reserves the right to edit submissions.
Contributors, especially students, are urged to
guard against plagiarism and copyright violations. Full
paper submissions must be no more than 2,500 words
and must each have a bibliography and endnotes.
Paper submissions must adhere to the Chicago
Manual of Style http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.
Abstracts of no more than 150 words should be
submitted to the Editor, Dr Basil Reid, Senior Lecturer
in Archaeology in the Department of History, UWI, St.
Augustine no later than October 30, 2010. Once the
abstracts are approved, full paper submissions should be
made no later than December 31, 2010. Dr Reid's e-mail
contacts are Basil.Reid@sta.uwi.edu and breidster@
The members of the Editorial Committee are:
* Dr Basil Reid (Editor)
* Dr Claudius Fergus
* Professor Bridget Brereton
* Dr Michael Toussaint
* Mr Frank Soodeen
(UWI Main Library's Representative)
Dr. Basil Reid, Senior Lecturer in Archaeology
0 CAMPS NEW
24 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER 2010
S.AUUTN CAMU.0H ANNVESARY CLBATIN
4TH 15TH OCTOBER
9:00 a.m. 4:00p.m. Exhibition "An array of photographs, paintings, memorabilia
and selected audio visual work at the Main Salon, Office of the Campus Principal"
SUNDAY 10TH OCTOBER
(Daaga Auditorium, UWI St. Augustine Campus)
OPEN TO THE PUBLIC
MONDAY 1 1TH OCTOBER
"The Future of The University"
(Daaga Auditorium, UWI St. Augustine Campus)
OPEN TO THE PUBLIC
TUESDAY 12TH OCTOBER
From Imperial College to University of the West Indies
A History of the St. Augustine Campus
Trinidad and Tobago
(Central Bank Auditorium)
OPEN TO THE PUBLIC
SUNDAY 17TH OCTOBER
12.00noon to 7.00p.m.
All Inclusive Fete
(Grounds of the Campus Principal)
For further information
and to reserve your space
please call: 662-2002
ext. 3635, 3942, 3722,2635,
484-9574 or follow us
UWI TODAY is printed and distributed for The University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, through the kind support of Trinidad Publishing Co Ltd, 22-24 St Vincent Street, Port of Spain, Trinidad, West Indies.