THE UNIVERSITY OF THE WEST INDIES o ST. AUGUSTINE CAMPUS
SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009
HONOUR ROLL- 10
at the Movies
* Reel dreams
CAMPUS NEWS- 03
* Grande Riviere
part of study
HEALTH RESEARCH 11
The Burden of Illness
* Hidden costs can hurt
uw t LOVE 9 V
' LOE ARp R mg j
UWI Life Support
2nd September 2009
(For Parents, Guardians and Spouses Only)
UWI Life Extension
3rd September 2009
Evening and Postgraduate Students Only)
UWI Life Student
4th September 2009
(For First Year/First Time Undergraduate Students Only)
For further information contact
Student Advisory Services at 662-2002 ext. 2097
or visit www.sta.uwi.edu/uwilife
UWI U7 is the offal student orientauiOn programme of The Univeey of the West dies.
ST. AUGUSTIN CAMPUS
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009 UWI TODAY 3
UWI Team receives Can$ 2 million Grant
An international research team co-directed
by Professor Patrick Watson, Director of the Sir
Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic
Studies (SALISES) at The University of the West
Indies (UWI), will participate in a unique $2
million international research partnership that
will respond to pressing environmental issues in
Canada and the Caribbean.
In partnership with the Canadian Fisheries,
Oceans and Aquaculture Management (C-FOAM)
at the University of Ottawa, the UWI/SALISES
team will execute a project entitled "Managing
adaptation to environmental change in coastal
communities: Canada and the Caribbean"
The project was awarded the grant by the
International Community-University Research
Alliance programme (ICURA), a collaboration
between the Social Sciences and Humanities
Research Council (SSHRC) and the International
Development Research Centre (IDRC). ICURA
awarded a research grant of just under CAN $2
million over a five-year period. Approximately
half of the sum awarded will be allocated to UWI/
The UWI/SALISES team is headed by Professor
Patick Watson, and includes researchers Dr
Michael Sutherland, Dr Michelle Mycoo, Dr Sandra
Sookram, Dr Sonja Teelucksingh, Dr Aldrie Henry-
Lee and Martin Franklin A team of 16 researchers,
led by C-FOAM Research Associate, Professor
Daniel Lane and Professor Watson, along with 17
partner organisations, will work to develop new
insights on how protected areas can maximise
the delivery of equitable benefits, how to manage
human-wildlife interactions and improve the
governance of protected areas. Most importantly,
the project aims to mobilise knowledge-sharing
among academic researchers and community
organisations. The project will focus on vulnerable
coastal communities whose livelihoods will be
most affected by these changes. The selected
communities are located in the Caribbean and
in Canada's Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic regions.
Within these regions, particular attention is given
to the impact of rising sea-levels and storm surges.
The research teams aim to build the capacity of local
communities to face the inevitable consequences
of climate changes and will develop community
awareness of the environmental threat, proposals
for new infrastructure and tools for creating
adaptation and mitigation strategies.
"This initiative illustrates superbly how social
sciences and humanities research can have a
direct impact on societies through community-
university partnerships," said Chad Gaffield,
President of SSHRC. "The ICURA programme
is funding leading-edge international research
collaborations that will bring global perspectives to
the analysis and understanding of social, economic,
environmental and technological issues."
The SALISES/C-FOAM project was one of four
successful projects to receive funding from ICURA,
which was designed to benefit projects in the
developing world to undertake research on global
issues. The three other successful research projects,
selected from over 100 applications through a
rigorous peer-review process, will focus on the
impact of poverty on the environment, services for
at-risk youth, and mental health. (See Page 4)
At a team meeting in Trinidad, from left, Michael Sutherland, Sonja Teelucksingh, PatrickWatson, Sue Nichols (Canada), Sandra Sookram,
Sheldon Warner (AA), Michelle Mycoo, Dan Lane (Canadian co-director). Martin Franklin and Aldrie Henry-Lee are absent.
ALWAYS PUSHING BEYOND
In challenging financial times, areas earmarked for
cutbacks in developmental resources are those lowest on
the scale of need. Today, as countries rich and poor seek to
establish knowledge-based economies, educational needs
have been placed high on national priority agendas.
In mid-June, at the 17th Conference of
Commonwealth Education Ministers in Kuala Lumpur,
Malaysia, Education Ministers agreed that although
the global downturn had affected poorer countries and
small states more substantially, they countered that
recovery was only sustainable if knowledge and skills
The theme of the Conference was "Education in
the Commonwealth: Towards and Beyond Global Goals
and Targets." The Conference was opened by the Prime
Minister of Malaysia, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak, who
noted that, "Malaysia's new economic model will shift
a reliance from a manufacturing base dependent on
semi-skilled and low cost labour to one that hinges on
a modern services sector dependant upon skilled and
highly paid workers.'
To support this thrust, Malaysia spends 23% of
its budget on education. With 20 public and 32 private
universities, the country expects in 2010 to have 40% of
17-23-year-olds (1.3 million students) enrolled in tertiary
education with the ratio of Certificates and Diplomas to
Bachelor's Degrees being close to 2:1. Like Trinidad and
Tobago, Malaysia is determined to achieve world class
status and has focused on developing one or two of its
universities to achieve global ranking through research
and development and doing this by having the best
leaders, faculty, students and facilities.
Speaking at the Vice Chancellor's Forum, I
emphasized that investing in human capital development
can bring rich rewards, and that it is not only about
numbers related to access and outputs, but also about
quality. The utilitarian purpose of education must also be
tempered by the social development of individuals and
the need to build caring, tolerant and safer societies.
The UWI Strategic Plan 2007-2012 presents our own
framework for the St Augustine Campus and the other
three Campuses of The UWI to develop that distinctive
graduate who can take our country and region on the
trajectory for development. We are committed to making
this strategic vision a reality.
CLEMENT K. SANKAT
Pro Vice Chancellor & Principal
Professor Clement Sankat
DIRECTOR OF MARKETING
Mrs. Dawn Marie De Four-Gill
Ms. Vaneisa Baksh
The UWI Marketing and Communications Office
Tel: (868) 662-2002, exts. 2013. 2014
Or email: email@example.com
4 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009
The five-year project, "Managing adaptation to
environmental change in coastal communities: Canada
and the Caribbean," received a grant of around Can$2
million (see Page 3) after 104 applications were considered
and four selected.
Submitted by a multi-disciplinary team led by the Sir
Arthur Lewis Institute of Social and Economic Studies
(SALISES) and partner, Canadian Fisheries, Oceans and
Aquaculture Management (C-FOAM) at the University of
Ottawa, the project proposes to examine climatic changes
and their impact on eight communities in the Caribbean
The UWI/SALISES team is headed by Professor Patick
Watson, and includes researchers Dr Michael Sutherland,
Dr Michelle Mycoo, Dr Sandra Sookram, Dr Sonja
Teelucksingh, Dr Aldrie Henry-Lee and Martin Franklin.
With half of the grant available for the Caribbean aspect
of the study, the team, like its Canadian counterpart, has
identified four communities within which to locate its work:
Grande Rivibre, Trinidad; Bequia, Belize Barrier Reef and
The teams have developed what might be described as
a four-step approach to the project. In a nutshell, said Prof
Watson, the idea is to enter communities and identify their
assets ("What do they stand to lose?'), then to measure the
risks, determine the impact of climate change and finally,
to provide projections and mitigation strategies.
It is a complex task, requiring the technical expertise
to study climate change and the impact of storms and other
related activities, and then the sociological and economic
input to relate them to the existing natural, social and
economic environment to extrapolate data that could be
of planning value.
It is part of the reason that the projects under which the
grants fall are viewed as campus-community collaborations.
The work will entail research and educational components
that affect infrastructure, transportation and utilities, water
and sewage distribution and treatment systems, as well as the
management of resource sectors in agriculture, aquaculture
and fisheries. It is a truly broad scope and it comes from
the recognition that the global climate is changing, with
sometimes deleterious effects in various regions-and
Caribbean states are ranked among the most vulnerable
economies in the world.
The team has chosen to study the popular leatherback
turtle nesting site, Grande Riviere, on the north coast of
Trinidad. This is essentially a small, fishing village subsisting
on small crop farming, but is a well known eco-tourism
area as it is a protected nesting ground for the turtles. Any
changes in sea level will directly affect life in the community,
and the team will work with tourism and environmental
groups, once it has studied potential threats, to work out
It will also go into the archipelago of Bequia, whose
coral reefs and natural beauty epitomize the universal ideal
of "paradise." Bequia's reliance on its marine and eco tourism
makes it a vital area for this project's support.
Likewise, the Belize Barrier Reef, island atolls on a
300km section of the second largest reef in the world (the
Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System), would have its local
tourism and fishing industries suffer should there be storm
surges on its reefs.
Once the actual increases or drops in sea levels are
determined, it might be possible to provide some real
protection for the coastal city of Georgetown in Guyana,
which lies 14 ft below sea level, and is currently shielded
by the famous Sea Wall.
According to Prof Watson, although there is evidence
that the global climate is changing, it is not the intention of
the project team to enter the study with presumptions.
"We cannot ignore countervailing opinions in science,
we are not assuming any preconceived ideas of outcomes,"
he said. "Who knows? We might find nothing"
Either way, the research is important because among
the data to be gathered, will be information gleaned from
each partner community on their own specific coping
strategies, their ways of life, and what is termed their
The Canadian communities are Charlottetown, Prince
Edward Island, a coastal port city of historical value, which
is threatened by flooding; Iqaluit, Nunavut, a northern city
facing possible melting or destabilization of permafrost
areas of the shoreline, which could lead to coastal erosion;
Gibsons, British Columbia, a resort town largely depending
on eco-tourism, which could be at risk for beach erosion and
groundwater exposure to desalination, and Isle Madame,
Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, another archipelago of coastal
communities depending on fishing, aquaculture, and eco-
Prof Watson makes the point that each of these
eight communities share substantial characteristics with
countless others around the world, and thus the information
gathered and the recommended strategies can be shared
The project proposes to build capacity by training
university students and community participants in areas
relating to coastal environment impacts through regular
workshops, seminars, local field work and reports to the
communities. Community Adaptation Action Plans will
also be formed to provide templates for broader use,
and an electronic data base will enable the sharing of
The project then, stands to become a global model for
ways to evaluate the coastal environmental changes and to
do something about it. Funding that comes up to nearly
one million Canadian dollars may seem like a lot over the
five-year period, but when you consider the scope of work
and potential benefits, it may actually be just the tip of the
SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009 UWI TODAY 5
WINNER U UWI PELICAN MAGAZINE
WINS APEX AWARDS
The international Awards for
Publication Excellence (APEX) for
,APFX( 2009 are out, and The University of
SU the West Indies (UWI) is once again
PULuAT EXCEUE in winners row. The UWI Marketing
and Communications Office, under
the direction of Dawn-Marie De Four-Gill, tookhome APEX
Awards in two categories: Websites and Photography.
"We always look forward to entering APEX because
it is a chance not only to promote UWI's work, but also to
have our public relations and marketing activities assessed
and recognised by an international panel of experts," said
The international APEX Awards for Publication
Excellence recognise excellence in publications works by
communications professionals. Evaluated on the basis of
distinction in graphic design, editorial content and the
ability to achieve overall communications excellence, the
annual competition salutes outstanding entries in each of
the categories. APEX 2009 marked the 21st Annual Awards,
and with close to 3,785 entries, the competition in this year's
programme was exceptionally intense.
* ROYTEC JOINS WITH CANADIAN ACCOUNTING ASSOCIATION
Professor Clement Sankat (right), Pro Vice Chancellor and St Augustine Campus Principal of The University of the
West Indies (UWI) and John Reuben, President of the Certified General Accountants Association of Canada (CGA)
Caribbean signed a new agreement between the UWI School of Business and Applied Studies Limited (trading as
ROYTEC) at the Office of the Campus Principal, UWI, St Augustine on June 29, 2009.
* WHAT MOVED THEM
The Festival Dance Ensemble, Department of Creative
and Festival Arts Dance Alumni, returned home from
a successful performance at the World Dance Alliance
Americas General Assembly at the University of
Wisconsin, Madison. The two pieces performed were
"Caribbean Praise" and "The Hunt", dances that were
part of the 'Celebrating Dance 'showcase concert that
was held in January 2009 at the Learning Resource
The World Dance Alliance, a member-driven
organisation that provides information, advocacy and
communication for dance organisations and individuals,
was initiated in Hong Kong in 1990 with the founding of
the Asia/Pacific region. The Alliance serves as a primary
voice for dance and dancers throughout the world and
encourages the exchange of ideas and the awareness of
dance in all its many forms. The Americas joined the
Alliance in 1993 and Europe in 1997.
1 0 AMPU NEW
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SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009 UWI TODAY 7
1 0 CRIBBEN STUIE
Caribbean Studies Association President, Prof Patricia Mohammed with Prof Rex Nettleford.
BEING THE CENTRE
The theme, "Centering the Caribbean in Caribbean Studies"
conceptualized by Prof Patricia Mohammed and Dr Diana
Thorburn, was itself a subject of hot debate as participants
contested the multiplex definitions and identities of the
phenomenon known as "the Caribbean."
That alone might indicate the complexity and depth
of the 34th annual conference of the Caribbean Studies
Association (CSA), which took place in Jamaica in June.
In crafting the theme, Prof Mohammed's concern was
twofold: What contribution do successive conferences
make to Caribbean societies and to what extent have these
conferences captured the shifts and changing dynamics
which Caribbean Studies have undergone in the last three
"The continued relevance of a framework for thinking
about what is Caribbean Studies is not something that can
be answered by others but by us-by those of us who live
and breathe and work in the Caribbean dust and air, those
of us who absorb this long distance and come in to take
huge gulps and lungfuls," she said at the conference, where
she was named 2009 President.
Commenting on the theme, PVC of Planning, Dr
Bhoendradatt Tewarie, asked two questions. "What impact
has the decades of Caribbean Studies had on the Caribbean?
What has thinking, discussing and writing about the
Caribbean done for the Caribbean?"
The conference raised questions on whether traditional
definitions of the Caribbean as a geographical entity in
the United States' backyard and multiple identities due to
the historical experiences under British, French, Spanish,
Portuguese and Dutch colonialism still hold relevance or
should be revisited.
"There has to be a time when we come together
unselfconsciously and with self-confidence to celebrate and
endorse the condition of non-arrival for it is the fluidity of
exchange and diversity of the region that will keep it alive
and relevant to others and to ourselves. At the same time,
it is about locating the centre of this process at the point
from which Caribbean thought springs," Prof Mohammed
had earlier said.
This assertion that it was time to invert an old process
was not the only focus of the conference.
CSA launched other important partnerships with the
Inter-American Foundation, and the Organization of the
American States. At the close of the OAS General Assembly
in San Pedro, Honduras, OAS Assistant Secretary General,
Ambassador Albert Ramdin, hurried to catch the last day
of the CSA to host the plenary, "Centering the Caribbean
in Western Hemispheric Relations," which questioned what
the region will look like in 20 years.
The focus this year was also on adding to the mix
of graduates from the United States and Europe and the
participation of graduates from Cuba, Haiti, Suriname,
Guyana, Trinidad, Jamaica and Barbados to allow them
the opportunity to broaden their intellectual horizons and
to network with their peers. Principal of the St Augustine
Campus, Professor Clement Sankat, was particularly
instrumental in this drive toward student engagement and
facilitated the process through sponsorship of students to
attend the event.
Graduate students were also a priority of the CSA
organizers, with a Graduate Student Breakfast held at
the Courtleigh Hotel where lecturers bonded, advised
and nurtured graduate students. Another panel entitled
"Finishing the Ph.D and Getting a Job," was geared toward
assisting PhD students to understand the process of
completing their dissertation and preparing them for the
Caribbean scholars still need to respond to the piercing
questions of what impact has the decades of Caribbean
Studies had on the Caribbean and what has thinking,
discussing and writing about the Caribbean done for the
region. The answers may partly be found in defining and
understanding the role of our academic institutions and the
extent to which our intellectuals and scholars are engaged
in independent and critical thought and action. Another
useful exercise would be an assessment of whether the
decades of Caribbean discourse have been translated into
concrete policy and the real contributions it has made to
the region. Perhaps the most challenging endeavour would
be an evaluation of the extent to which personal interests,
ego, ambition, corruption and petty politics in the academic,
policy and political arenas have debilitated real progress
and posed obstacles to the social, political and economic
development of the region. Dr Indira Rampersad
Some of the CSA's 20 multi-lingual student Liaison officers from the Mona campus.
8 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009
It might be far fetched to link the recent death of Michael
Jackson and the conversations it stimulated globally to the
debates generated by the refashioning of the Administration
Building affectionately shorthanded 'Admin Building' on
The UWI, St Augustine campus. But what links these two
seemingly disparate events together is that they are both
icons, important for different reasons and equally so to the
groups they have touched.
The recent renovation and repainting of Admin
Building, from a cool institutional duck egg white trimmed
with maroonish brown to orangy peach columns, and walls
of terracotta red edged in bougainvillea leaf green (my
colour schema, not the architect's or paint manufacturers'),
generated a passionate conversation among colleagues about
the change of appearance. The debate was sparked by an
email written by one staff member who remonstrated the
choice of colours. A spate of emails followed on the campus
intranet. Sentiments were divided; the majority resented
the colour shift for a range of reasons including the widely
shared rationale that this amounted to tampering with The
UWI, St Augustine branding: "it was with great interest that
I looked on at the renovation of this majestic building. I
was happy to note that care was taken to maintain the
'look' So it was much to my horror to see the change of
colour," wrote one correspondent. "Posterity and history are
important things...and the Admin Building is useful brand
marketing," added another. Amongst these utterances was
concern about the consultative process by which the new
colours were selected.
On the opposing side were those who fully welcomed
the change of colour. "... our Caribbean warmth and
vibrancy as a people is reflected in the change in colours
associated with one of the most recognizable brands in this
country and the region itself" Some extended the matter of
branding beyond concrete and bricks to the services of The
UWI: "May our offerings to our stakeholders be as beautiful
as the new colours. Let us embrace and stop holding on to
I did not participate in this conversation because the
email chain missed me for some reason, and because I
guess I was still forming an opinion. The repainting job
is half finished, some of the facade is still obstructed, zinc
fences barricade the new extension under reconstruction.
It's difficult to imagine its majesty while it sits there with
parts like a broken limb still bound in plaster.
I was more curious about how the colours infused
themselves into my mood as I curved round the building
each morning on the way to my own relatively new, still-to-
be-named, glass and steel structure called the New Student
Administration Building that has as yet to achieve iconic
significance on the campus. The colour change caused me
to look more closely at the adjacent buildings, to see how
the new tonalities were picked up by the red trim of the
nearby Dudley Huggins Building and by the postbox red
roof of the old Agriculture building westward across the
green expanse of field, how the warm adobe feel of rustic
red and peach and green resonated with the shades of blue
and green student housing complex of Milner Hall spanned
by another expanse of greenery. Surrounded by leaves and
by a host of flowering trees, African tulip in one season,
yellow poui in the next, Admin Building begins to look like
a finely crafted terracotta pot set amidst a tropical garden,
the feeling of sun on faded red brick rather than the gray
of cold and rainy days.
It also brought to mind comparisons between St
Augustine and the other physical UWI campuses. The
iconic Year of the Child mural on the face of the Mona
campus administration building greets one and immediately
transmits the message of Jamaican art and creativity and is
the focal point of its branding. I thought of the relatively
new makeover of the Cave Hill campus, its centre of gravity
the manicured cricket oval and tropical pavilion ringed
by buildings of many colours, designs and hues added to
pick up meanings and significances for this generation of
decision-makers who will leave their signature, just as the
colonial empire had left its own mark on the horizon. What
does the present colour change say about this generation
of staff and students? What of our souls do we bring to the
aesthetic space of the St Augustine campus?
The structure we know as our Admin Building was
actually completed in 1935 as the permanent home of the
Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture (ICTA). Established
in the early twentieth century, ICTA was originally "regarded
as the main training centre in the (British) Empire at
which instruction covering the whole field of agriculture
and agricultural science under tropical conditions can be
obtained." (Hansard) The primary purpose of the College
then was for training personnel to fill positions on the
agricultural staffs of the Crown Colonies and Protectorates?
Along with its trained subjects, ICTA also left a handsome
colonial legacy in architecture, high columns and ceilings,
wide galleries and corridors, and tall windows, all of which
permitted the tropical breeze to wave its way past the
royal and other palms that signified its British heritage.
SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009 UWI TODAY 9
iconic significance and The University of the West Indies at
St Augustine itself has undoubtedly become one such icon
in Trinidad. This is why those of us who work at UWI get
so emotional when a tree dies or is cut down. Benches and
classrooms have significance to individuals, and names of
buildings like Daaga Hall rise up again like the phoenix
from the graveyard of the old.
The Admin Building has undoubtedly come to
represent the UWI St Augustine "flagship" as one email
respondent dubbed it or as another wrote, "...stands out as
a constant and timeless feature in comparison to all other
buildings that are located on this campus." Apart from the
continuous past on which it has built, its iconic significance
also lies in the functions it serves-the seat of the Registry
and Bursary, the main conference room where campus and
university meetings were held and PhD oral defences were
until recently heard, the repository where faculty went to
submit examination papers, and for many years the centre
of student administration. How many thousands of students,
large manila envelope in hand, have mounted the front steps,
nodded or not to the security guard sitting at the landing,
and climbed up to the second floor to face their fate?
UWI, St Augustine will turn 50 next year, another
coming of age. The UWI management has engaged the
campus in a discussion on a new plan to re-invigorate
the site, to create an environment more in tune with the
times, to offer a rewarding experience of work and study,
physically as well as intellectually, to welcome its visitors
with warmth. Admin Building serves as the cornerstone
of the new branding and there is a natural fear that this
shift in aesthetic values is more than just the re-colouring
of a building. That it signals a departure of the known and
familiar, of tradition and dependability. But icons are not
static; they are constantly made and remade. The revamping
of Admin Building requires us to refocus the lens with
which we have viewed the familiar. This does not imply
doing away with old forms, rather it sometimes means
reinventing their meanings and adding new dimensions
that did not exist before.
There is no reason why this discussion on an iconic
branding of the UWI related to and beyond Admin Building
should be contained within the campus. It would be good
for public, alumni, our present and future students to
engage with us in this conversation. Despite the notion
that icons are timeless, they are continuously reinvented
and made relevant with each new age, like Andy Warhol's
colourful reinvention of an iconic black and white photo of
Marilyn Monroe. With his death, Michael Jackson became
a household word to many youngsters who had not grown
up with his music. The test of his iconic significance will
lie in the inspiring new sounds, dances and imagery that
generations will make of his work, not only by the simple
rehashing of the legacy that he has left. The debates around
the painting of the Admin building are healthy, engaging
us in the passion that fuels iconoclasts and traditionalists,
both sides equally valuable for progress. Icons ultimately
are what we make of them, what we imbue them with, not
what they make of us.
The colours were sombre, authoritative, dignified, coolly
unemotional as the building and its functions were
conceived, never moving beyond the institutional whites,
grays and creams that resonated the solidity of marble and
stone. That The UWI has maintained the building's facade,
despite necessary interior changes, is a testament to its desire
to retain the continuities of history and tradition. A building
represents more than the stone and mortar from which it is
made. They are vaults of memory that predate us. As Derek
Walcott says "if a thought can go back for over seventy years
there is hope for us yet in the tropics."
Buildings are fundamental parts of our iconic
landscape, key passages in their creation in fact making them
into the iconic significance they become for a country. The
famous fire and rebuilding of the Red House (God forbid
that it be painted in any other colour, it is after all called the
Red House)-which parallels with Westminster in London
and the Capitol in Washington. These are the political
foundations on which we assume that the still elusive good
governance will one day prevail. Institutions also attain
10 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009
Do you have a pet project?
Gayelle was a pet project decades in the making and I
have to count my blessings that I have had a chance in my
lifetime to be able to confront the dream in reality. It is still
a pet project yet to be fully realised.
My other pet project has been to make a film of Harold
Sonny Ladoo's No Pain Like This Body. I've been working
on that for 35 years, ever since I read the bookin 1974. Tony
Hall, Errol Sitahal and I have a great screenplay but that
is as far as we have got. Meanwhile I have been working
on a documentary on Ladoo and have filmed about half of
it. Work on that stopped with the coming of Gayelle The
For the past30years your productions have helped us
to see ourselves, to better understand who we are as a
people. With the challenges Banyan and then Gayelle
have faced over the years, what do you think is the
future of film in T&T and of local programming?
The conditions for Caribbean motion picture
production are still difficult, but that is the nature of the
business. Making films is never easy, anywhere. But as
Cuban filmmaker Gloria Rolando says, 'you can't stop
artists dreaming, even though for nearly half a century of
television in the Caribbean we have had to dream other
Nevertheless there are hopeful signs: The Trinidad &
Tobago Film Company is a huge step forward despite the
fact that the Government has slashed its already inadequate
budget [by] 50% this year; there are film courses at UWI and
students are coming out of them with some promise. There
are many young people out there now who fancy themselves
as filmmakers. The technology is doing for film what it did
for audio recording twenty years ago, putting it within the
reach of everyone. When Gayelle started five years ago
people came to us with ideas, now they come with DVDs.
Do you think that subsidizing the industry would
help the progression of film or video productions
and raise the standard and does this come hand-in-
hand with censorship and regulations that may deter
Subsidies for film production are absolutely essential
if the state is serious about developing the industry. Our
market is so small [that] massive investment over a long
period is needed to kick-start the industry and establish
momentum. This includes investment in developing
marketing and distribution channels and infrastructure.
The industry will not develop if we don't increase the size of
our market and that takes real investment. It is a matter of
faith in the real resource we have in the region, the creative
drive of our people. This is what has filled the world with
Caribbean carnivals; it could be a world full of Caribbean
media tomorrow. But the record is more than dismal when
it comes to our governments having faith in the worth of
Where do you see Gayelle The Channel in five years?
Gayelle The Channel in five more years will have to still
be at the centre of Caribbean media origination one way or
the other. It has already radically changed our expectations
of our media. Compare the media environment when we
began to that of today: the explosion of channels, television
personalities, series, shows and people employed in the
industry. Yet we are still the only free to air station in the
region with close to 100% Caribbean content, 24 hours a
In the next few years you can expect a deepening
and sharpening of focus as economic realities are driven
home, but the shape of the industry in five years will be
unrecognisable compared to today. The glory days of
broadcast television are way past and the new media is
poised to turn established forms on their heads. I expect
Gayelle to be in the midst of that. At the very least we will
have been the main inspiration and model.
You've always seemed like such an even-tempered,
unassuming guy, are you excited about being
honoured by UWI, by being on stage, in front of the
camera for a while?
I have always been a backstage person. I guess I have
appeared unassuming because I know I am no genius and
it has taken 300 productions and many years of work and
self-analysis of my work to find my particular talent and
become secure in that.
I am not a flashy film-maker. If you see my hand while
watching a film of mine then I have failed in some respect.
The people in my films are the subject of the films not me.
"I have always been inspired by the giants ofour
Caribbean civilisation, James, Walcott, Naipaul,
McBurnie, Chang, those who I was privileged
to come to know as people as a young person
"I grew up in a house that was often filled with
such presences inspired by the dream of Federation
and I saw a whole generation crash and burn with
"I guess all youngsters want to make movies
butl firstseriously expressed the aim of becoming
a filmmaker at 19."
"I guess I have appeared unassuming because
I know I am no genius."
"I see my films like I see my father's buildings.
Ifyou walkinto a Colin Laird building, its elegance
and his exquisite sense of scale will make you
feel the dignity and infinite possibility of being
"I knew that I had a strong visual sense and a
strong sense of mission in terms of expressing the
You know, I see my films like I see my father's buildings. If
you walk into a Colin Laird building, its elegance and his
exquisite sense of scale will make you feel the dignity and
infinite possibility of being human. I like to feel you get the
same feeling when you watch my best work: the joy and
pain, the intelligence and enduring courage that it takes to
live our lives together in this world.
I am not alone in believing that in this society the fate
of the truly innovative and committed artist is vagrancy of
one sort or another, literally and/or figuratively. Our history
makes us so brutal with those who don't accept their station.
I have seen too many of our heroes talking to themselves in
the street to not take it as a caution and know that those who
have escaped that fate have done so because someone SAW
them, recognised them, loved them, usually a nurturing
friend or family member and they were wise enough to
accept that love as more important than their dreams.
Recognition and appreciation too often happens here
after death. So that The UWI has seen it fit to give me
this honour is wonderful. I am deeply appreciative, even
while I feel the accusing press of the legions of those still
unrecognised and restless warriors who precede me and
with whom I still walk.
Courage to make a dream of his own
SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009 UWI TODAY 11
By the age of five, nearly every child in the world has been
infected at least once with Rotavirus, the leading single
cause of severe diarrhoea among infants and young children.
With each infection, immunity develops and subsequent
infections are less severe. Adults are rarely affected.
Rotavirus falls into a category defined as Food-Borne
Diseases (FBD), caused by consuming foods and beverages
contaminated by disease-causing microbes, pathogens or
even toxic chemicals and other harmful substances. The
World Health Organization estimates that half a million
children die from Rotavirus infection globally.
Rotavirus infects cells that line the small intestine and
produces an enterotoxin, which induces gastroenteritis,
leading to severe diarrhoea and sometimes death through
In an attempt to prevent Rotavirus in the USA, a human-
bovine rotavirus vaccine, RotaTeq, was recommended for
routine use among infants from November 2007 to May
2008. The results indicated a delay in onset by 2-4 months,
and there was a reduction in magnitude by >50%. Although
hygiene and sanitation have improved generally worldwide,
Rotavirus diarrhoea has not been significantly reduced and
the vaccine may be the best way to protect infants.
However, for this vaccine to become available in
Trinidad and Tobago, we must determine the prevalence of
this virus in our communities as this is unknown. A study
on the Burden of Illness (BOI) is currently being done to
help ascertain the levels. Data from this study will help the
Ministry of Health to decide on whether this vaccine should
be introduced to infants as part of their routine vaccines.
Making Campylobacter media
The Burden of Illness (BOI) can be defined as the
incidence and prevalence of morbidity, disability and
mortality associated with acute and chronic manifestations
of diseases (WHO, 2006). Simply put, this is the burden
associated with having an illness.
This burden may be either direct or indirect costs.
Direct costs include expenditures for hospital or other
institutional care, drugs, physician care, or any additional
direct health expenses.
Indirect costs would be the value of economic output
lost because of the illness. These would include the value
of time lost, activity days lost due to short-term morbidity
costs, time lost from work (perhaps loss of a workday or
two) and leisure activities by family members or friends
who care for the patient.
The BOI related to FBDs and specific food-borne
pathogens is currently unknown in the Caribbean. To
determine its extent, a Caribbean Burden of Illness Study
is being conducted in seven Caribbean countries to find the
prevalence and estimate the burden of acute gastroenteritis
(the key syndrome related to food and water-borne
infections), undifferentiated fever and fever and respiratory
illnesses and the priority pathogens commonly transmitted
Data obtained from Trinidad and Tobago will be
presented in the larger Caribbean study. These studies form
part of a larger WHO initiative to understand the global
burden of food-borne diseases. It supplements ongoing
proposals implemented through CAREC, including:
PAHO's regional cooperation in Food Safety and Emerging
Infectious Disease program and WHO/Global SalmSurv
(GSS) activities in the Caribbean.
Carelene Lakhan looking at the morphology
THE BOI STUDY CONSISTS
OF TWO CORE COMPONENTS
A population based component: The popula-
tion-based component consists ofa population survey
based on self-reported cases of acute gastroenteritis,
acute respiratory illness and undifferentiated fever. It
was administered as a retrospective population based
survey with data collection via standardized question-
naires administered by trained interviewers.
A laboratorybased component:The laboratory-
based component includes a baseline survey of the
major public microbiology labs in Trinidad and Tobago
to determine laboratory testing protocols and the
proportion of specimens that are tested for specific
food-borne pathogens. Laboratory testing for a wide
range of food-borne pathogens will be done for one
year at the Trinidad Public Health Laboratory.
The study in Trinidad and Tobago is now in its second
year. The population survey has been completed and data
analysis is in its preliminary stage. The research also aims
to estimate the cost associated with food-borne illness,
its causes and related effects. A cursory look at the data
has revealed that the estimated direct cost associated with
having mild to severe forms of gastroenteritis in Trinidad
and Tobago ranged from $12-$700, with an average of $105
per case of gastroenteritis. This figure does not take into
account the indirect costs.
Currently there is consistent laboratory testing at the
Trinidad Public Health Laboratory for the suspected range
of pathogens. This testing is scheduled to end in December
However, the study has not been all smooth sailing
since the Trinidad Public Health Laboratory has not been
receiving sufficient diarrhoeal stool specimens to test for
the range of pathogens, although numerous efforts have
been made to encourage people to visit their nearest health
centre or hospital if they have signs and symptoms of
Discussions with key health representatives indicate
that one of the major reasons for the diminutive number
of stool specimens submitted to the lab was because people
are too embarrassed to submit samples. Physicians often do
not request that patients submit samples to determine the
cause of their conditions, instead they prescribe medication
to treat short term problems, leaving underlying causes
The only way we can find out what bugs are present in
the body is if a diarrhoeal stool specimen is submitted. The
information can then be used to explore risk factors for
infection, identify gaps in surveillance and provide the basis
for guiding appropriate prevention and control measures
for food-borne. The University of the West Indies seeks
the cooperation of the public to achieve the objectives of
the BOI study.
If you are experiencing signs and symptoms of
gastroenteritis (nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal
pain), please visit the nearest doctor, public health centre
and hospital and submit a diarrhoeal sample. Containers
for the collection of samples can be obtained at health
Carelene Lakhan is pursuing her M.Phil in Food Safety and Quality, Department of Food Production, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, The University of the West Indies; St. Augustine,
and is the Trinidad and Tobago coordinator of the BOI study. This research is being supervised by Dr Neela Badrie (Department of Food Production), Dr Adesh Ramsubhag (Dept of Life
Sciences) and Dr Lisa Indar (Caribbean Epidemiology Centre). For more information please contact Carelene Lakhan at 620-5998; or 662-2002 ext 2090.
12 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009
"Ethnography?" I was delighted to hear the word
ethnography used recently in a global television news
report. On the birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., a reporter
used the word to explain how well King understood his
community and how his observations, participation and
involvement in his community were essential ingredients
in the development of his ideas and actions.
What then, is ethnography? In a sense, people from
a very young age have some instinct towards the process
of ethnography. A baby bird hopping along the walkway
caught the attention of a young boy, and then myself. The
boy ran after the bird, studying it. Apparently, he had spent
the week observing the bird, feeding it, studying its nest,
observing its habits, the food it ate, the number of siblings
it had, and so on. The child then got a camera and began
to photograph the bird, its actions and its environment.
Without any formal training, we see these types of actions
in ourselves when we travel, go to the market, need to solve
a problem, design a space or even purchase an item for our
homes. This intuition and investment in a topic in a holistic
approach can be developed and transformed to enable us
to apply methodologies and skills to projects at work, in
business, in community and in the greater society.
"Human beings are by their very nature amateur
ethnographers. We observe others and our surroundings.
The skills taught in this course enable students to fine tune
natural human capacities and to learn to observe while
simultaneously participating and withholding immediate
and ethnocentric judgment. These multiple abilities
transform the amateur into a skilled qualitative researcher,"
explains Dr Diana Fox, the cultural anthropologist who will
teach the course.
Today, ethnographic studies inform many of the
services and facilities in numerous areas of work and
life such as in agriculture, arts, business, culture, design,
economics, education, film, health care, life sciences,
religion, science, sports and even theology. In recent times,
it has become key to the development of solutions and to
the design and creation of strategies, and has been used in
both governmental and non-governmental organizations
and in the private sector.
Seminar themes for the three-week course Doing
Ethnography: the Poetics and Politics of Qualitative Research
include: The crisis in representation: how to 'represent?';
Position Self; Writing power?; Writing ethnography; Writing
women's stories; Diachronic vs synchronic analysis of
observer and observed: the indigenous anthropologist; New
Theoretical Frontiers: Black Feminist Anthropology; Visual
Anthropology: Photography, Film and the ethnographic
gaze; Ethnography as a tool for policy making?
Dr Fox, Associate Staff of the IGDS, created this course
during her first Fulbright scholarship in Trinidad. She is
Professor of Anthropology and Chair of the Department of
Anthropology, at Bridgewater State College, Massachusetts,
USA. (Details in Calendar on Page 16)
Poetics and Politics
Doing Ethnography: the Poetics and Politics of
Qualitative Research is a summer course offered by the
Institute of Gender and Development Studies
beginning on August 6.
BY KATHRYN CHAN
Dr Diana Fox, Research Associate of the IGDS and Course Lecturer
of the Specialized Summer Course Doing Ethnography: the Poetics
and Politics of Qualitative Research, talking to Rose Rajbansee a key
informant while conducting ethnographic research in Plum Mitan,
SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009 UWI TODAY 13
He cannot climb steps, he cannot walk for even short
distances comfortably, but he is as dedicated and studious
as any Humanities student could be. How has he managed
to cope? In five letters: AADLU.
What is AADLU? Established in 2007 after The UWI
recognised that there was a need to provide adequate
support for students with disabilities, the Academic Advising
Disability Liaison Unit emerged from a new policy and has
helped champion the cause of students who would have
otherwise had a difficult time at the St Augustine campus.
AADLU exists primarily to smooth the way for students with
disabilities, to hear their woes and to liaise between them,
administration and faculty to provide solutions.
According to Jack,* AADLU has helped him
"immensely," and that is an understatement, he declares.
AADLU acted on his behalf to shift his upper level classes
to a ground floor and thus made his life easier.
The Unit currently operates out of offices just opposite
the entrance to the Library on the southern side of the St
Augustine campus. It is headed by Anthony Jackman, with
the assistance of three members of staff. It keeps a database
of students with disabilities, primarily gathered from
information provided by the students when they register
with the Unit. Currently there are around 180 students
registered, with disabilities ranging from dyslexia, the most
common, to cerebral palsy and physical impairments.
"Staff and students tended to look down on students,
but since the policy has been set up, there is a recognition
that the student population is changing. We have to meet
international standards" said Jackman.
And that is what they have been doing. Jack's story is not
an isolated one, in fact, the students we spoke with have all
said that the AADLU has played a large part in their ability
to settle into university life and has given them the support,
and at times, the necessary lifeline to deal with all that is
thrown at them daily.
Take Shamla who has Cerebral Palsy, she is passionate
in her appreciation of how much the AADLU has helped
her. Her experience at The UWI has been a wonderful one
where, because of the intervention of AADLU, she has
received the support she needs from both her lecturers and
friends, who have learnt how to accommodate her every
need and help her manage.
For Camille*, the AADLU has helped her write her
exams in comfort, despite her visual impairment and all her
requests have been met. Judging from responses, it won't be
a stretch to say that the staff at the AADLU act like family
to all of their students as they are continuously described
as considerate and approachable.
AADLU staff: Gabrielle Rousseau, Anthony Jackman, and Jeannette Reyes.
But AADLU is still young and its effect on the UWI is
yet to be fully felt by those who do not have direct contact
with them. Jackman himself knows that education is the key
to changing the atmosphere of the UWI to one that will be
less wary and more open to those with disabilities.
"We've embarked on educational programmes for staff.
We've had workshops, two on dyslexia. We take part at the
orientation programme, sometimes sharing a booth with
the Ministry of Social Development,' he said.
But still the reality is far from ideal.
"The system is still not fully operational" he concedes,
but they have not let this stop them from working towards
their goal of making campus life as smooth as possible for
students with disabilities.
"We have made some inroads in terms of bringing it
[awareness] to the academic and student population," he
said, but he acknowledges that it is difficult to change the
culture. "Some lecturers are still reluctant to accommodate
This is felt by all students who register with AADLU,
who know that to fully cope they need the support of the
unit. On countless moments they have all used this support
to try a little harder to overcome the obstacles.
Candace, a Criminology student who has Dyslexia,
knows this all too well. She credits the AADLU for helping
her understand her disability as well as showing her
strategies and mechanisms to deal with its frustrations.
"Most people believe that you can watch someone and
tell they have a disability. With me, you can't and people
need to understand that," she says.
She understands that she needs support; support from
family, support from AADLU and friends who at times act
as editors for her many papers. This is all necessary for her
to get through university and even though it is a hindrance
at times, it's something she needs to do to move forward. For
her each mistake and hindrance is just another opportunity
to work harder to achieve greater things.
Candace and the other students vehemently agree that
the university population needs to be sensitised about the
work of the unit as well as the types of disabilities there are so
as to prevent discrimination and insensitive behaviours.
To these students AADLU is their saving grace,
their champion, their support in times of frustration and
discrimination. AADLU provides the voice that they would
never have had and is in fact, a necessity, at a University
that is taking great leaps and bounds into the future. Just
ask them, they will tell you.
*Names have been changed for privacy.
14 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009
* PRESERVING PATOIS
A new songbook and CD, called Vini Chante an Patwa
(Come Sing in Patois) was launched at the Centre for
Language Learning (CLL) Auditorium, UWI, last month.
They were created to ensure the posterity of the French
Creole (Patois) language in Trinidad.
This songbook showcases 29 traditional Patois (Kwey6l)
songs, along with a monologue. Everything is translated
into English, alongside
explanations detailing the
modern spelling system
used for Patois. The project
was organised by Florence
Blizzard and Nnamdi
Hodge, and was made
possible by the grant of a
bpTT Spirit of Community
Award in Arts and Culture
to the organisation Women
Working for Social Progress
songbook also provides
readers with a brief history
of the language in Trinidad.
The CD, which accompanies the book, features the
voices of members of the Vini Chante choir, born out of
a Workingwomen Patois class taught by Hodge. He is a
graduate of UWI, where he read French-lexicon Creole
(Patois) in the Department of Liberal Arts. The songbook
is published by the UWI-based Society for Caribbean
NEW GUIDE FOR
Guidelines," a book
practitioners, especially in
terms of recent changes
in asthma care in the
Caribbean, was launched
at the end of June.
The lecture and launch
were hosted by The Faculty
of Medical Sciences, UWI in collaboration with The
Caribbean Health Research Council, and Professors Lexley
Pinto Perreira (Department of Para-Clinical Sciences) and
Terence Seemungal FRCP PhD (Department of Clinical
Medical Sciences) were there to speak on the updated
By Kevin Farmer
The relevance of
Myths and Realities of
Caribbean History in
.. relation to Caribbean
r*.; history syllabi, as well
B as CXC and CAPE
b emphasised during the
S book's launch, as well as
of by its author, Dr Basil
Reid during a public
lecture at the Barbados
Museum and Historical Society (BMHS) in April. Given
that the book is based on the most current archaeological
research, the author recommended it be included as a
required history text for secondary students throughout
the Anglophone Caribbean.
Both the launch and public lecture were attended
by members of the public interested in the history
of the Caribbean from 7,000 years ago to the period
of Spanish contact in the late 15th century and early
16th century. Dr Reid, a Lecturer in Archaeology at
UWI, St. Augustine stressed that contrary to popular
perceptions, the Caribbean did not begin with the arrival
of Columbus in the region in 1492, but with the arrival of
natives from South America who settled Banwari Trace
in southwest Trinidad in 5000 B.C.
The lecture debunked several assumptions about the
region's history relating to the use of the terms Arawak
and Carib, Ciboneys and Island-Carib cannibalism etc.
Dr Reid also placed scholarly spotlight on emerging
definitions of history, the multiplicity of cultural groups
that inhabited the Caribbean for thousands of years as
well as the origins and spheres of influence of these
groups. Dr Reid's presentation showed the continuing
relevance of archaeology in unlocking many narratives
of the Caribbean past.
The BMHS's lecture room was full to capacity
during the lecture which was followed by a very lively
30-minute question and answer session. Among those
attending were Ronald Jones, Minister of Education
and Youth Affairs in Barbados, Alissandra Cummins,
Director of the Barbados Museum and Historical
Society, and Maureen Grazette, Assistant Registrar of the
Caribbean Examination Council., all of whom received
complimentary copies of the book.
Kevin Farmer is Curator of History and Archaeology at
the Barbados Museum & Historical Society.
SA STARTING POINT
Sandra Gift, of the Quality Assurance Unit of the Office
of the Board for Undergraduate Studies, UWI, has
transformed her doctoral dissertation (she has a PhD in
Education) into the book, Maroon teachers: Teaching
the Transatlantic Trade in Enslaved Africans.
The book was featured in Choice a publication of
the Association of College and Research Libraries (US)
in a review by H.M. Miller of Mercy College.
Miller found that, "Teaching about slavery remains
a challenge for many educators, suffused as the topic is
with elements ofblame, shame, guilt, anger, and ongoing
issues of racial strife," and that in the US the focus is
primarily on the South and its plantation system with
slavery depicted as an evil of the past.
"A strength of this book is that it adds to the
literature by looking at slavery from an international
perspective-as viewed by educators in Africa, the
Americas, the Caribbean, and in Europe," he wrote.
The bookbuilds on descriptions and excerpts from
interviews with educators, and Miller recommends it
for graduate and research collections, though he felt it
lacked a "roadmap for slavery education that could be
adopted by classroom teachers." Overall, he found the
book full of insights into slavery studies and suggests
that it could be the starting point for curriculum
development in this area.
The book is available from Keith Khans Books Etc.
58 Frederick St Port of Spain and 14 Navet Road, San
Fernando. It is also available from Ian Randle Publishers
* LEARNING AND TEACHING
The School of Education (SOE) has published Volumes 16
(1), and 16(2), 2009 of its journal Caribbean Curriculum.
Volume 16(1) is a special issue containing selected, refereed
papers from the 2007 Biennial Cross-Campus Conference
in Education. Vol. 16(2) contains the following articles:
"Secondary Science Teachers' Metaphors: A Case Study,
Parts 1 & 2," by Susan Herbert; "Lower Secondary Science
Students' Misconceptions of Ozone Depletion and Global
Warming," by Rawatee Maharaj-Sharma; "A Qualitative
Evaluation of the Lower Secondary SEMP Science
Curriculum of Trinidad and Tobago" by Dorian Barrow
and Jerome De Lisle; and "Factors Impacting on Student
Learning: A Preliminary Look at the National Test of
Trinidad and Tobago" by John O. Anderson, June George,
and Susan Herbert.
The School has also published the following monograph
in its Monograph Series: "Reading-Challenged Fourth
Formers' Perspectives on Schooling" by Permilla Farrell
(Monograph No. 11).
Copies of all three publications are available from the
School of Education: Issues of Caribbean Curriculum from
the SOE Library a cost of TT$20. Enquiries to (868) 662-
2002, Ext. 3718.
Copies of the Monographfrom the Caribbean Educational
Research Information Service (CERIS) at a cost of $35.
Enquiries to Leah Gordon, (868) 662-2002, Ext. 4048.
J I I
SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009 UWI TODAY 15
How misinformation feeds discrimination
Dr Derek Chadee makes his presentation to the audience.
The ANSA McAL Psychological Research Centre, the
Department of Behavioural Sciences, UWI, and the Tobago
HIV/AIDS Coordination Committee Secretariat (THCCS)
hosted a seminar on HIV/AIDS Stigmatization and
Discrimination in June.
The seminar aimed at fostering collaborations and
networks with and among stakeholders in Tobago on
HIV/AIDS related issues. The audience included health
care professionals, HIV/AIDS advocates, stakeholder
organisations and representatives from the public and
Among presenters were Dr Derek Chadee, Senior
Lecturer and Director, ANSA McAL Psychological Research
Centre, Rosanna Yearwood, and Jannel Philip, two MPhil
candidates researching HIV/AIDS stigmatization and
Presentations focused on research pertinent to HIV/
AIDS-related attitudes, in particular HIV/AIDS-related
stigmatization. According to the World Health Organization,
"stigma and discrimination are the major obstacles to
effective HIV/AIDS prevention and care." Additionally
the UNGASS country report for Trinidad and Tobago
reported that "Stigma and Discrimination remains pervasive
particularly against persons living with AIDS and most at-
risk groups and thus create barriers to accessing testing and
Dr Chadee's presentation HIV/AIDS Knowledge Beliefs
and Attitudes highlighted findings from research in Tobago
such as the role of attitudes in the expression of stigma
towards people living with HIV/AIDS. He pointed out
misconceptions of modes of HIV/AIDS transmission and
the importance of the media (in particular television) in
disseminating HIV/AIDS related information.
More specifically, the study revealed that the majority
(92%) of the sample population thought that people were
discriminated against because they have HIV/AIDS. Of
the respondents, 31% were unwilling to interact with
persons with HIV/AIDS in a social capacity. This included
attending social gatherings and eating next to an individual
with HIV/AIDS. Furthermore, 35% had negative attitudes
towards persons with HIV/AIDS, saying they would not
employ the individual, rent an apartment to them or live
next door to them.
Over 10% of respondents were misinformed about
HIV/AIDS transmission via casual contact and interaction.
Some of the misconceptions were that HIV can be spread by
sharing plates, forks or glasses with someone infected and
that HIV/AIDS can be spread by using public toilets.
Concerning the importance of the media in
disseminating information on HIV/AIDS, television
and newspapers combined accounted for 70% of HIV/
AIDS information. People got most of their HIV/AIDS
information from the television (50%) and newspapers
Jannel Philip's presentation, Health Care Providers'
Attitudes towards People Living with HIV/AIDS and
Perception of Occupational Risk, focused on health care
providers' willingness to treat people living with HIV/AIDS.
The research captured the expressed concerns of health
care providers for occupational exposure to HIV/AIDS.
The availability of resources to deal with accidental HIV
exposure as well as providers' awareness of post exposure
prophylaxis and care were other concerns. These concerns
influence health care providers' willingness to interact with
patients with HIV/AIDS.
Research has shown that health care professionals have a
tremendous influence on the physical and emotional welfare
of people living with HIV and AIDS. An understanding
of health care workers' concerns is important to improve
provider-client relationships. This research hopes to
provide an opportunity for dialogue with health care
workers to determine these concerns and to subsequently
make meaningful contributions towards addressing issues
affecting interaction among health care providers and
patients living with HIV.
Rosana Yearwood's presentation, HIV/AIDS:
Stigmatization, Fear, Perception of Risk and Barriers to HIV
Testing, examined how blame contributes to stigmatizing
attitudes directed at people living with HIV/AIDS. Fear of
contracting HIV/AIDS, and perception of risk of contracting
HIV through non viable routes were expressed as two
critical factors contributing to the stigmatization. Social
and psychological barriers to HIV testing and the stigma
that accompanies them were presented as critical elements
impeding the reduction of the spread of HIV/AIDS.
This study hopes to provide information integral
to breaking the cycle of misinformation, fear, blame and
stigma. It addresses the psychological barriers to HIV
testing. Testing has been sighted as a major factor in fighting
the HIV epidemic.
Participants asked questions at the end of the
presentation and discussions moderated by Father Phil
Isaac Chairman of THCCS ensued. Among the attendees
were experienced nurses and a doctor, who shared some of
In the lead-up to the Commonwealth Heads of
Government Meeting (CHOGM) in November 2009,
Professor Timothy Shaw, Director of The University
of the West Indies (UWI) Institute of International
Relations (IIR), has been appointed to the new
Advisory Committee for the Commonwealth People's
CHOGM, which is the meeting of the supreme
body of the Commonwealth, will be hosted in
Port of Spain, Trinidad from November 27th to
29th, 2009. Held every two years, CHOGM brings
together Commonwealth leaders to discuss global
and Commonwealth issues, to agree upon collective
policies and initiatives, to review global, political and
economic developments, and to conduct a strategic
overview of the Commonwealth's work in support of
the interests of member countries.
"I'm proud to be associated with advancing the
CPF here, having been part of the previous pair in
Kampala and Malta. The Forum and related People's
Space provide a unique opportunity to showcase the
rich diversity of Commonwealth networks, concerns,
contributions and possibilities," said Prof Shaw.
The People's Space, a component of this
year's CPF programme, is an interactive area
with performances and mini-workshops, open to
participants and visitors alike. The programme will
also include an opening plenary session, workshops
on key issues and the CHOGM theme, and field
trips. The CPF assembly themes include deepening
democracy, environment and climate change,
financial crisis, gender, health & HIV/AIDS, HR, peace
& conflict. The CPF, which will take place in the week
preceding CHOGM, aims to raise the profile of civil
society organisations and to strengthen links between
them. It also seeks to create opportunities for dialogue
between civil society and government ministers on
priority issues in the Commonwealth. Inputs from
the CPF are eventually presented to CHOGM at the
round table with Foreign Ministers.
The CPF is organised by the Commonwealth
Foundation, together with civil society and the
Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
(GORTT). Prof Shaw is engaged as a continuing
member of the Civil Society Advisory Committee to
the Commonwealth Foundation in London.
For more information, please visit the CHOGM
website at http://www.chogm2009.org/cpf.htm, or
contact the Institute of International Relations at The
University of the West Indies, StAugustine, Trinidad &
Tobago at (868) 662 2002 Ext. 2010 or 2011, or visit
the IIR website at www.sta.uwi.edu/iir.
1 0HELT RSERC
16 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 26TH JULY, 2009
UWI CALENDAR of EVENTS
Turtle Conservation and
Sustainable Development Conference
July 28th-29th, 2009
Learning Resource Centre (LRC), UWI
The Sir Arthur Lewis Institute of Social &
Economic Studies (SALISES) will host the
conference, "Turtle Conservation, ecotourism
and sustainable community development." The
conference will serve as a forum for ideas on the
critical issues related to the environment and its
link to sustainable development.
For more information, please visit
or call (868) 662-2002 Ext. 2391.
UWI Life 2009 .Lou5M e
September | Wa- r.3-
2nd-4th,2009 i "-1a
UWI SPEC, I IM
St Augustine UWI LIFE
The UWI official student orientation programme
is set to kick off in September. The three-day
event is expected to welcome the estimated
5,000 undergraduate students entering the
institution in the 2009/2010 academic year. The
programme consists of three sessions geared
towards family and supporters of the enrollees,
part-time and mature students and first-year
UWI Life Support: September 2, 5.30pm
For parents, guardians and spouses
UWI Life Extension: September 3, 5.30pm
For mature, evening and postgraduate students
UWI Life Student: September 4th, 9am
For first year/first-time undergraduate students
Guild Orientation 2009
September 7th-12th, 2009
St Augustine Campus
As is customary, the Guild of Students has a
week-long slate of activities for new students.
There's something for everyone, with activities
ranging from aerobics, a 5K run, debates, all-
fours and video games. There is also a heavy
cultural aspect with tassa and African drums
presentations, a Caribbean delicacies tasting, a
comedy show, karaoke and gospel presentations,
and the annual fresher's party. Orientation week
will draw to a close with 'UWI Style, a show
dedicated to fashion and featuring some of the
local fashion industry's best.
Strategies to Cope with Global
September 4th, 2009, Kingston, Jamaica
The Caribbean Centre for Money and Finance
will host a seminar entitled "Strategies to
Cope with Global Uncertainty-Choices for
Caribbean Business and Finance" This seminar
is intended to assist Caribbean CEOs and top
managers of business and financial companies
in planning strategies to cope with global
financial and economic turmoil. The seminar
will feature presentations by Prof Avinash
Persaud, Member of the UN Special Committee
on the Global Financial Crisis; Dr Auliana
Poon, Founder and Chief Executive Officer of
Tourism Intelligence International (Germany
and Trinidad & Tobago), Dr Andre Gordon,
Managing Director of Technological Solutions
Limited (Jamaica), Mr Suresh Sookoo, Chief
Executive Officer of RBTT Financial Group.
For further details, please call the Caribbean
Centrefor Money and Finance at (868) 645-1174
or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Doing Ethnography: the Poetics and
Politics of Qualitative Research
Tuesdays and Thursdays
August (6,11,13,18 and 20),2009
Seminar Room, Institute of Gender and
Development Studies, UWI.
Five seminars including lectures, discussions
and a research component. The cost of this
course is TT$1200, plus a Registration Fee of
TT$50, that includes course packages.
For more information and to register, email or
call: Kathryn Chan: Kathryn.email@example.com
Phone 662 2002 ext 3566, or Avril Patterson-
Pierre, firstname.lastname@example.org. Phone 662 2002 ext
3549, Institute of Gender and Development
Studies, UWI, St. Augustine.
Campus Film Classics Continues
June 9th-August 18th, 2009
Centre for Language Learning (CLL), UWI
The UWI Film Programme is continuing its
Campus Film Classics' series. The free, public
screenings of classic films features some of the
best films from the Caribbean, India, China,
Senegal, the USA and more.
July 28: Hoop Dreams
Two African American boys struggle to become
college basketballs players in hopes of becoming
August 4: Rue cases negres
An adaptation of Joseph Zobel' novel about a
young boy growing up on a cane plantation.
August 11: Affair in Trinidad
A night-club singer and her brother-in-law try to
find her husband's killer.
August 18: Amores Perros
Alejandro Gonzilez Ifidrritu/
A horrific car accident connects three stories, each
involving characters dealing with loss, regret, and
life's harsh realities, all in the name of love.
Films start at 5.30; except asterisked films which
start at 4.30.
For more information, visit the Campus Film
Classics blog at www.uwifilmseries09.blogspot.
com or find it on www.Facebook.com, or contact
Dr Christopher Meir at Christopher.Meir@sta.
uwi.edu or (868) 662-2002 Ext. 4233.
UWI TODAY is printed and distributed for The University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, through the kind support of Trinidad Publishing Co Ltd, 22-24 St Vincent Street, Port of Spain, Trinidad, West Indies.