Title: UWI today
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Title: UWI today
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Language: English
Publisher: UWI Marketing and Communications Office
Place of Publication: St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Publication Date: May 24, 2009
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Volume ID: VID00008
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UWI
ST. AUGUSTINE
CAMPUS


UWI TODAA
THE UNIVERSITY OF THE WEST INDIES o ST. AUGUSTINE CAMPUS

SUNDAY 24TH MAY, 2009A


Days after the Fifth Summit of the Americas,
and against a canvas of flaming red, burnt orange,
earthy ochre and flamboyant yellows inspired by the
First Nations, the earliest known inhabitants of the
Americas, Professor Rex Nettleford received the
Chancellor's Medal, amid drums, dance, steel and
song in a ceremony hosted by UWI Chancellor Sir
George Alleyne.
Honoured for an immeasurable contribution
to cultural development in the Caribbean region,
Professor Nettleford sat front and centre in the St
Augustine Campus' newest facility, named Daaga
Auditorium, smiling as Pat Bishop's Lydian Singers


IV PEOPLES'SUMMI1
OFTHE AMERICAS -
This is what 1
* Cultural Night


enchanted with voice and Allan Balfour entranced
with movement.
"If there is one person who completely embodies
The University of the West Indies, that person is Rex,"
said Professor Clement Sankat, Pro Vice Chancellor
and St Augustine Campus Principal, as he welcomed
the guests at the memorable occasion.
Professor Nettleford's soft-spoken successor,
Professor E. Nigel Harris shared personal reflections
on his own interaction with the legacy of Nettleford,
one of the region's leaders in the performing arts and
an international cultural icon.
When his turn came to speak, after he received the


r RESEARCH 12
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18-carat medallion, the Vice Chancellor Emeritus at
UWI, Mona, Jamaica seemed pensive, full of thought,
reflecting perhaps on a lifetime of substantial and
enduring contribution to the development of the
region's premier University, but he ended with his
trademark flair.
"Chancellor, Vice Chancellor, friends and
Colleagues, how could I not graciously accept this
prestigious honour with the deepest appreciation,
humility and gratitude which I owe this flagship
Caribbean institution of growth and instrument of
development?"
(More on Page 15)


GAMES

2009
CAMPUS NEWS-03
UWI Games
* The Games are on!


CAMPUS NEWS 13
Giant Flower
* The extraordinary Talipot Palm


N)C











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SUNDAY 24TH MAY, 2009 UWI TODAY 3


The current global economic crisis has
begun to affect the Caribbean region as
well. We have already seen a few alarming
symptoms manifest in our financial
circles. Production in the energy sector
has been declining, there have been
news of layoffs by several
firms (especially in the energy,
construction and service
sectors), the CL Financial
Group, among the largest
of financial conglomerates
in the region, encountered
serious problems with its asset
management and had to be
rescued by a Government
bailout, and retail sales have The H
Prime
declined sharply, to name a few Patrick
warning signs.
As a leader in tertiary
education and research, The
University of the West Indies
(UWI) has a central role to play
in responding to the crisis. We
are hosting the Third Biennial
Conference on Business,
Banking and Finance from May
27-29, 2009 with the theme:
Financial Services in Emerging Dr Kenr
Economies: Surviving the
Global Economic Meltdown. Various
departments: Caribbean Centre for Money
and Finance, Sir Arthur Institute of Social
and Economic Studies, Management
Department and the Economics
Department are staging the forum to
facilitate those vital discussions.
This conference will focus on the
opportunities and challenges arising
from the current international financial
order, its functioning and maladies as
well as explore the concept of business


no
Mi
:M


ly


competitiveness and financial stability.
A wide range of speakers and
participants will address the conference.
The Honourable Prime Minister Patrick
Manning will provide the initial impetus
followed by panel discussions and paper
presentations by an assembly of
experts including Mr Marlon
V. Williams, Governor of the
Central Bank of Barbados,
Dr Kenny Anthony, Former
Prime Minister of St Lucia, Mr
Eric-Vincent Guichard from
GRAVITAS Capital and Mr
Ron Allerby from the Bank
of Canada
urable The University of the West
inister
anning Indies, along with its sponsors,
CMMB/First Citizens,
Scotiabank and RBTT, has
attempted to ensure that we
provide a comprehensive,
innovative-perhaps even
radical-approach to the issues
identified for the Conference.
This is critical if we are to deal
with the issues that confront
this country and region as
Anthony we face the challenges of an
economic downturn, our
survival as small economies and our ability
to ensure that our populations are provided
with the business and financial services
that will help ensure their prosperity.
It is imperative that the wider
community benefits from the proceedings
of this Conference. We encourage members
of the public to actively participate in
the event and share ideas on issues on
regulatory framework, economic stimulus
and how the civic society is and can be a
vital part of the recovery process.


3rd Biennial International Conference
on

Business, Banking&Finance





'eIF.ni


EDITOR
Ms. Vaneisa Baksh

CONTACT US
The UWI Marketing and Communications Office
Tel: (868) 662-2002, exts. 2013. 2014
Or email: uwitoday@sta.uwi.edu


SIBLING RIVALRY AT ITS FINEST

Not many students will remember the last time the UWI Games were held
at this St Augustine Campus, because the biennial Games have been rotating
among our three Campuses since 1979, so six years would have passed since
they were last here.
Those of us who are old enough will recall that the Games first started
as the Inter Campus Games in 1968 and were annual events, but within ten
years they were restructured and reconfigured as biennial Games.
With sport now recognised as a substantial area of human development,
and with sport industries being among those that flourished in recent times, it
is much easier to make the case for investment in sport in the Caribbean.
As a University, we believe that by providing the world class sporting
facilities and sport-related academic programmes that we are doing on our
various Campuses, we are giving students and staff also, new opportunities
to engage in recreational sports which contribute towards building healthy
lifestyles. Additionally, students with special talents in sporting disciplines
benefit from the exposure to competition and can go all the way to the top.
In fact, we were quite pleased with performance of our Combined Campuses
Cricket (CCC) Team which participated in the recent regional cricket
tournament. We are striving to develop and deliver academic programmes
in the sports related areas also, so as to build top flight leaders and managers
who can take sports to new heights in the Caribbean.
All our campuses are committed to high academic quality, and we
continue to stress the emphasis on excellence as we introduce our sport
programmes. We want to see our students emerge as well-rounded
individuals, and so our challenge is to balance this nexus between sport
and scholarship, and we are going to build systems to effectively manage
this component.
At the same time, we at the UWI carry the flag of regionalism proudly
and work hard to engender camaraderie and common purpose among our
staff and students. Athletes representing the campuses of Mona, Cave Hill,
St. Augustine and the Open Campus have gathered in their hundreds for the
games and are competing in that spirit of healthy competition and sibling
rivalry. As the games approached, a number of students were asked how
they would base their support for teams. Many on the St Augustine Campus
come from the other West Indian islands, and it was warming to see that
in most instances, students chose to support their friends no matter where
they had come from, and that they also felt a special affinity to the Campus
they called home, even if temporarily.
This is the spirit of togetherness that The UWI has tried to foster
throughout its decades of existence, and as one of the only institutions that
can still truly claim to be West Indian in its nature, we are proud that regional
bonds continue to be formed and nurtured within our grounds, even within
competitive parameters.
Let the Games continue and I urge staff students and the community to
lend their support.

CLEMENT K. SANKAT
Pro Vice Chancellor & Principal





CAMPUS PRINCIPAL
Professor Clement Sankat

DIRECTOR OF MARKETING
AND COMMUNICATIONS
Mrs. Dawn Marie De Four-Gill


As a leader in tertiary education and research,
The University of the West Indies (UWI) has a central
role to play in responding to the crisis.






4 UWI TODAY SUNDAY 24TH MAY, 2009


Bridging the Gap between Research and Policy


The Sustainable Economic Development Unit (SEDU)
of the Department of Economics, The University of
the West Indies (UWI) recently hosted its 12th Annual
Conference, with the support of the UNESCO Kingston
Cluster Office for the Caribbean. In opening the Conference
and welcoming regional presenters and participants, PVC
Sankat underscored the need for the UWI to continue to
play a leading role in research relevant to the sustainable
development of the region and congratulated SEDU
for having dedicated all its conferences to showcasing
research.
The conference concluded that among the challenges to
bridging the gap between policy and research were: (i) the
lack of political will (ii) inability of politicians/policy makers
to maintain an appropriate balance between immediate goals
and sustainable long term plans (iii) financial constraints
and improper funding arrangements (iv) bureaucratic
processes and ad hoc policy, driven by external directives
(v) an absence of reliable data and the euro-centric nature
of research which is often not contextualized to small island
developing states and (vi) competition for resources between
ministries.


Recommended strategies for bridging those gaps
included: greater information sharing; strengthening
regional partnerships between sustainable development
agencies; undertaking policy-relevant research; the creation
of more opportunities for dialogue and communication
between policy makers and researchers; implementing
a more interactive model of stakeholder consultation
and building and enhancing local capacity to conduct
research.
Another highlight of the Conference was the launch
of the SEDU publication,"The economics of an integrated
(Watershed) approach to Environmental Management
in SIDS: from ridge to reef." The book is co-authored by
Professor Dennis Pantin (SEDU Coordinator), Dr Marlene
Attzs, Mr Justin Ram and Mr Winston Rennie, and is a
compilation of research undertaken by SEDU over its 13
years of existence. The book covers varied dimensions of
sustainable development research: economic valuation and
cost benefit analysis, policy instruments for internalising
externalities, and socio-economic determinants of priority
setting for environmental management in many Caribbean
case studies.


PVC Sankat and SEDU Coordinator, Prof Pantin in Regional public policy presenters (left to right): Aaron Moses (Grenada), Christopher
discussions at the Conference Cox (St. Lucia), Navin Chandarpal (Guyana) and Colin Bullock (Jamaica)


Agriculture and
Rural Development


The Business Development Unit of The University oftheWest
Indies (UWI) is now offering a course certificate, postgraduate
diploma and Master of Science (MSc) in Agriculture and Rural
Development by distance teaching. These programmes will
be introduced under the Faculty of Science and Agriculture
in September 2009.
They are designed for the advanced training of graduates
and experienced professionals in Agricultural and Rural
Development, and aim to provide advanced training in
economics, planning, management,gender issues, technology
and rural development. Participants will be kept abreast
of current developments and innovations that affect the
agricultural and rural sector. Graduates of the programmes
will have a broadened skills base and an enhanced capacity to
discern issues and problems in the agricultural sector from a
developmental context.
Nationals of Trinidad and Tobago are eligible for support
under the GATE programme. Online applications will open
on April 30, and will continue until June 1,2009. For details of
application procedures and documentation, please visit the
official website at http://sta.uwi.edulpostgradlapply.asp.

* PROGRAMME ENTRY REQUIREMENTS Applicants for the
Course Certificate and Postgraduate Diploma should possess a
first degree in Agriculture,or any other relevant discipline from
an approved University. Previous education and experience
may also be considered acceptable.Applicants for the Master's
programme should possess a Bachelor's Degree of at least
Lower Second Class Honours standing in Agriculture,Agronomy,
Agricultural Economics, Biological Science, Management or any
other related discipline from an approved University.

* FOR MORE INFORMATION, please contact the UWI Business
Development Unit at (868) 662 3719 or 662 2686 or 662 2002
Ext.2686/3719.


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0 NEW PRGRMM






SUNDAY 24TH MAY, 2009 UWI TODAY 5


RESURRECTING IMPLEMENTATION STUDIES


During the recent announcement of the downturn in
the world economy, nearly all the conversations were
directed to the economic aspects: the stock markets,
interconnectivities, energy and OPEC and the role of
governments. Academics and street pundits began with a
discussion on neoliberal policies, and this time suggested
that the challenges were not the fault of developing
countries but had its origins within the more developed
ones, such as the USA. They suggested that the problem
had to do with the relaxation of regulations, something
which had almost disappeared under the new paradigm,
New Public Management. But the challenge was not only
based on the absence of regulations, sometimes even
when regulations exist or are improperly administered,
the outcomes are not the expected ones. The more critical
aspect then, what is sometimes seen as the missing link,
is "implementation."
In both private and public spheres it is sometimes
taken for granted that if the rules, regulations and policies
are articulated then the goals of the project will be
achieved. However, it is evident that in both the private
as well as the public sector, projects are often delayed for
reasons including the unclear or ambiguous articulation
of the project itself, labour issues, or sometimes the
even more mundane, the tardy delivery of material and
supplies.
This conference focused on the issues and challenges
of "Implementation" in a number of sectors. The aim was
to probe the case for the resurrection of implementation
studies in the practice of Public Sector Management,
to identify the problems that traditionally plagued
the processes of implementation, to clarify their
theoretical foundations and to propose some solutions
for overcoming some the barriers and obstacles involved.
Thirty persons represented different sectors and the
challenges in implementation in these sectors were
discussed over the two days. Speakers from a number of


The Governance Unit of the Department of
Behavioural Sciences hosted a conference on
implementation in March. Coordinator of
the Unit, Dr Ann Marie Bissessar, Senior
Lecturer, UWI, St Augustine, facilitated the
conference and filed this report.


countries including Jamaica, Guyana, Barbados, Grenada
and even the Cameroons, focused on the following areas:
disability, tourism, leadership, poverty eradication, public
sector challenges, education, health, decentralization and
international relations.
Unfortunately, though, many offered an academic
viewpoint of the challenges of implementation and the
conference failed to attract public officers who were more
in touch with the reality of the challenges. One major
advantage of the conference, apart from the comparative
experiences on which it touched, was its guest speaker,
Professor Deborah Stone. Deborah Stone is a Research
Professor of Government at Dartmouth College and
a founding editor of The American Prospect. She is
the author of three previous books, including Policy
Paradox: The Art of Political Decision-Making, which
has been translated into five languages and won the
Aaron Wildavsky Award from the American Political
Science Association for its enduring contribution to
policy studies. It was therefore fitting that if the person
whose book "implementation" is the 'classic' in the field
could not have been at least in person with us for this
conference (Professor Aaron Wildavsky unfortunately
passed on some years ago), then someone who carries
on his tradition could have been there. It was a profound
experience for students to meet her.
By the end of 2009, papers from the various
presenters as well as partners who were unable to
be present will be compiled in an edited collection.
Hopefully, when the book is published, governments
both in the region and elsewhere would be guided by
not only the challenges raised but the solutions offered to
overcome these implementation challenges in the various
sectors. The conference closed to a lovely cocktail which
was sponsored by the Office of the Campus Principal, Prof
Clement Sankat, and to the sound of steel pan, speakers
from other countries were bade farewell.


RBL



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6 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 24TH MAY, 2009


ONLY GOVERNMENTS CAN MAKE

RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS A REALITY

BY PROF CHANDRABHAN SHARMA


Although the Fifth Summit of the Americas (VSOA) has
long gone, there is still a paucity of published information
on the discussions on energy security. The joint Declaration
of Port of Spain, which was signed by only Trinidad and
Tobago's Prime Minister, Patrick Manning, speaks in Article
13 to the promotion of"diversified economic activity in the
energy, transport ...and agricultural sectors." However, a
Policy brief of the VSOA, distributed prior to the Summit,
suggested that energy security would be one of the main
pillars for discussions.
The first Summit, held in Miami in 1995, adopted a
strategy for partnering for sustainable energy use. The second
summit, held in Santiago, Chile in 1998, acknowledged that
the development of energy links amongst the countries of
the Americas, would contribute to sustainable development.
The third Summit, held in Quebec City in 2001, declared
a commitment to pursue renewable energy (RE) initiatives
and promote energy integration and enhance regulatory
frameworks. The fourth summit, held in Panama City in
2007, declared that there was a need for supporting the use
of cleaner energy as well as RE.
As can be seen, the common thread of the Summits was
to enhance energy security amongst the member states while
simultaneously encouraging the development of a common
policy framework for RE.
The major hindrance to this noble ideal is that the
countries that make up this club of the Americas are at
different stages of development, and hence priorities for
the citizenry would be different. It is further complicated
in that some countries are net exporters of energy whilst
others, being net importers, are subjected to the vagaries
of the energy futures market.
RE is seen as the method for reducing this dependence
on imported energy and also a necessary requirement for the
reduction of the carbon footprint of these countries, most of
which are signatories to the Kyoto Protocol. The Caribbean
is particularly susceptible to the effects of global warming as
most of the population live close to the sea and hence would
the first to feel the effect of a rise in the sea level.
It is agreed however, that all attendees are interested
in energy security. Energy security means different things
to different countries and can be grouped under four
headings:

1) Stability offossilfuel prices
2) Long-term availability of energy resources
3) The impact of energy use on the environment and
4) Susceptibility of energy infrastructure to acts of sabotage
and natural disasters.


"In Trinidad and Tobago

for instance, 2020 means

first world status in 2020.

In the EU, 2020 means,

at least 20% of electricity

generation should come

from renewable energy by

the year 2020."

PROF CHANRABHAN SHARMA


For the English-speaking Caribbean archipelago,
the option of utilising RE as a source for grid power is
limited. Biofuels, solar and wind require large land masses
for capturing the energy for commercial use. In Jamaica,
because of the size of the island and the population
distribution, on can find RE being applicable to remote,
isolated villages. In Trinidad, where the electrification rate is
above 95%, the application of RE in the current environment
is a non-starter.
In all countries however, the enabling regulatory
environment has to be established prior to the private
sector becoming interested in exploiting the RE potential
of these tropical islands. In countries where RE is now
part of the generation mix (the sources from which
you get your electricity, such as natural gas, coal, diesel,
solar, wind, nuclear, etc.), it was financial incentives as
well as the establishment of a government policy of a
mandatory RE portfolio that provided the necessary fillip
for the introduction of RE systems as part of that country's
generation mix. In Trinidad and Tobago for instance, 2020
means first world status in 2020. In the EU, 2020 means, at
least 20% of electricity generation should come from RE by
the year 2020. Many states in the USA have more aggressive
standards than this. Therefore, before RE can take root, the
country must set a renewable portfolio standard and then
provide the financial incentives to the generators to meet
this standard.
In the interim, countries can control their energy
appetite, without reducing their standard of living, by
implementing policies on electricity demand response and
the implementation of an efficient mass transport system.
Demand response can be broken down into three areas:
conservation, improvement in efficiency and load-shifting.
In Trinidad and Tobago in particular, because of the low cost
of electricity, demand response is difficult to implement and
hence RE systems would find it impossible to financially
survive under private ownership.
Only a Government policy can make RE systems a
reality in Trinidad and Tobago. This policy can be developed
under two objectives; the reduction of the greenhouse gas
footprint as required by all signatories of the Kyoto Protocol
and establishing an appropriate RE portfolio standard. This
would then inform the planners in the development of the
required regulatory framework so as to ensure that the
necessary enabling environment is established to sustain
the RE systems in its embryonic stage.

Prof Chandrabhan Sharma is a professor of electrical and
computer engineering, Faculty of Engineering, St Augustine
Campus, The University of the West Indies


"Hopefully in this debate, we can correct this document that is being debated so that
we can sign it. But if those corrections aren't made (the issue of bio fuels), then our
government, the government ofBolivia, will not sign this document. To implement bio
fuel policies means that it is more important than human life. I think that we should
go for human life rather than the scraps of the US. I don't want to be an accomplice
of implementing these policies that are going to harm human lives so much."

Bolivian President Evo Morales
(from a translation during a press briefing featuring Bolivian President Evo Morales at the VSOA on April 18, 2009).











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MOTORS
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8 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 24TH MAY, 2009


IOg THMRICAS


Mothers of Nature

BY NICOLE HOSEIN


Consciousness Raising was one of eleven groups chosen
from a pool of both local and international applicants to
host a workshop at the IV Peoples' Summit held at UWI
SPEC on Friday 17 April, 2009. The workshop entitled
Understanding the Woman's Role in a Sustainable
Environment: A practical skills workshop was co-
hosted with Akilah Jaramoji and the Fondes Amandes
Community Re-forestation Project (FACRP). The panel
of speakers consisted of Prof Jane Parpart, Dr Grace
Sirju-Charran, Gillian Goddard and Akilah Jaramoji.
Prof Parpart, a guest lecturer at the Centre for
Gender and Development Studies, opened with a
discussion on Eco Feminism and its ideology. She defined
Eco Feminism as a feminist approach to environmental
ethics. Eco Feminists see the oppression of women and
the domination of nature as interconnected. She cited
examples of Eco Feminist movements across the globe,
from India to Kenya, and critiqued them as she offered
possible solutions to their problems.
Dr Sirju-Charran, the Acting Head of the Centre for
Gender and Development Studies, discussed agriculture
and water use. She emphasised the need to reinforce
traditional ways of preventing pest infestation, such as
crop rotation. She highlighted current problems with
agriculture in Trinidad and Tobago and offered possible
solutions. She remarked that water is used differently by
both men and women and thus each would be affected
differently. She stressed the need to educate people on
how to recycle water, especially women doing domestic
work.
Gillan Goddard is the former proprietor of a

Nicole Hosein of Consciousness Raising addresses the workshop.


local organic grocery named Sun Eaters. She shared
her experiences as a single mother setting up her own
business selling organic produce, while lacking the
business knowledge needed for such aventure. Speaking
about the challenges, she said they would be different
for everyone and individuals would need to find ways to
cope with them based on their specific circumstances.
Akilah Jarmoji, the Managing Director of Fondes
Amandes Community Re-forestation Project (FACRP)
in St Ann's, spoke at length about their activities,
which include educating rural communities on
forest fire prevention, encouraging the replanting of
indigenous trees and fruits, and distributing seedlings to
communities. The FACRP is also organising a Disaster
Awareness Caravan which deals with issues of land
degradation and encourages the use of organic fertilisers.
Its main focus is women and children.
The workshop attracted just over 40 participants,
both male and female, some of whom took part in a
lively discussion after the presentations. Concluding that
there was a need for greater environmental awareness
in Trinidad and Tobago and throughout the Caribbean,
the participants agreed that many people do not
understand that they are active players in preserving
the environment. They suggested implementing
environmental programmes in schools that focused
on preservation and conservation. Many attendees felt
there was also need for more groups like the FACRP that
would focus on community outreach with educational
programmes on how to recycle, re-use and reduce.


This is what

The St Augustine Campus of The University of thi
Summit of the Americas, held by the Federation of
Organisations (FITUN), led by David Abdulah ii
and the Assembly of Caribbean People. It attracted
Abdulah discussed the ideas behind it with Vanei:


What was the intent of
the IV Peoples' Summit?

Essentially, to bring social movements from throughout
the hemisphere together. Since 1998, social movements
have used the opportunity of heads of government meeting,
because there is so much attention focused on the heads, to
have an alternative event. There's a long tradition of social
movements meeting simultaneously with official meetings.
It gives the opportunity to interact, to share experiences to
do current analyses of the situation: economic, social and
political, depending on what the event is; and also to come
together to put forward a common position which could
then be communicated one way or the other to heads of
government or institutions.
This particular Peoples' Summit was crucial because
of the crises globally. We've focused a lot on the financial
meltdown but that is just one dimension of what is really far
more fundamental. It really is a crisis of the global capitalist
system. Then there are the other crises: of environment, of
energy, of food, of governance, and so on. We thought it
would be a really important moment for social movements
to discuss these, as we have been doing through the years,
with the changing geo-political map of Latin America,
with so many governments left of centre now being elected,
and at the same time a new opening in the United States
with Obama being elected, and not the very dogmatic
ideological rigidity of a George Bush. All of those things
combined to say that this IV Peoples' Summit was going
to be important.


Several of the events took place at the St
Augustine Campus of UWI. What value
do you think it brought to The UWI and
to the Summit?

There was a comment at the closing plenary that it was
a pity that we didn't have more University students taking
part in it. I think it was not great for UWI students because
it was the week before exams.
(Laughing) In my day, it wouldn't have deterred us.
Exams or no exams, we would have shown up. I know there
were a lot of make-up lectures that week. There were some
students, but not many. I think the University missed the


Left, David Rudder, and Brother Resistance join hands with David
Abdulah (centre) at the cultural night hosted by the IV Peoples' Sum-
mit of the Americas.






SUNDAY 24TH MAY, 2009 UWI TODAY 9


we believe in

SWest Indies (UWI) was the site of the IV Peoples'
Independent Trade Unions and Non Governmental
i partnership with the Hemispheric Social Alliance
about 700participants for its various activities. David
;a Baksh. This is an excerpt of that conversation.


Members of the audience at the Workers' Forum, which kicked off the
IV Peoples' Summit of the Americas held at The UWI in April. Few
students attended. Photos: Aneel Karim
opportunity of interacting. On the other hand, we did have
some students who worked as volunteers, and that was
positive. Some of them I think got very excited by what
they heard and the people they met. We are hoping that we
can keep some of those young people active and get them
into the social movements and develop their awareness and
consciousness.
We also benefited from having a number of University
professors and lecturers taking part actively. Prof Norman
Girvan led a plenary, and Prof John Agard co-facilitated
one and Prof Dennis Pantin facilitated another on energy
sustainability. Dr Olabisi Kuboni facilitated a self-organised
group on constitutional reform experiences in the Caribbean
and Latin America, and Dr Wayne Kublalsingh facilitated
one on resource protection, and there were others.

If you reflect on your time as a UWI
student and the environment you
inhabited then on the campus, what do
you see as the diference today?

Social activism was much greater in my day (1972-
1976). My first year I was treasurer of the Students' Guild and
in my second year I was its president. I continued to be very
active even after. Social activism was clearly much greater.
Over the last seven to eight years, there has been some
attempt to reinvigorate social activism and consciousness.
I know that because I have interacted with a number of
young people who are trying to change campus politics.
For example, there was a period in the nineties, and the
early part of the century when Guild elections were being
fought purely on party electoral lines, UNC/PNM, which
also translated into ethnic politics.
I got involved with some students, who were very
unhappy about that type of thing, and they themselves
had tried to contest and lost elections and they actually
started a group called Students United Front which was a
takeoff from the very group that we had on campus in the
seventies. We started doing political education about the
labour movement, of youth activism which goes back to
the forties and fifties, about social movements and giving
them a sense of history which they did not have. It was a
complete awakening for them.
The social activism is still very small. It is a process.
Certainly the campus of today is not the campus of 35
years ago in terms of social activism and awareness of
social issues.


What implications are therefor the region
arising from the cluster of summits?

As host country, Trinidad and Tobago, with Caricom's
agreement, should have put forward a clear set of policy
proposals to deal with the global crisis, or hemispheric
issues, and so on. We should have come to the table and said
this is what we believe in, this is what we are advocating,
this is what we are demanding, then the summit could have
made sense.
In that sense the labour movement failed, because we
ought to have put forward our agenda to our governments
before and agitated for that agenda beforehand and have
people in our countries know that this is what we are
doing.

Given the recessionary climate, what
recommendations would you make to
alleviate suffering?

There are some people who have argued for a social
compact.. interesting that nearly all of them, certainly the
business groups and the politicians, are only calling for it
now and they didn't think of calling for it in the time of
boom. We believe those who are calling for it now really
want to use the social compact as an instrument of getting
trade unions to agree to moderate our positions in terms
of job security, in terms of collective bargaining, and so on.
They now realise that they are in trouble and they want a
way out.
Before we come together to have a social compact, you
have to have some kind of framework, an agreement in


Demanding Accountability in Public Spending: Feminist student group
'Consciousness Raising' makes a statement at the Rally held at the Sport
and Physical Education Centre (SPEC) as part of the IV Peoples' Summit
of the Americas held at The UWI in April. Photo: Amy Li Baksh


Several Caribbean and Latin American groups were part of the social
movements attending the Workers' Forum of the IV Peoples' Summit
of the Americas held at The UWI in April.

terms of what kind of society we wish to build. If we want
to have a society dealing with equity and social justice, then
employers' associations, business groups, cannot condone
their members violating the Minimum Wage Law or the
Maternity Act. It has to mean that the Government cannot
use Chinese or non-Caricom labour on projects when local
labour is being shelved. Until we don't change our position
on those things, we can't come to the table and talk.
There are solutions, for example, to keep the employment
level up, all the Chinese on those construction projects, if
they are not there, that's 2,000 more jobs in construction... If
Government expenditure is taking place on infrastructure
projects, then those projects as a matter of principle have to
be given to local business people to enable taxpayers' money
to generate successive rounds of economic activity locally.
The government cannot engage in mega projects like
Rapid Rail, we have to say no to those because they are all
going to be foreign content.
We have to look at projects that impact on people's lives.
So let us look at making sure that in every community there
are sidewalks for schoolchildren to walk to school safely on.
Making sure the schools are properly repaired, that the health
centres and the hospitals are okay, that all the recreational
facilities are in place and properly maintained.
Let's do those things, things that don't have huge
demands on our foreign exchange and can continue to be
sustained in terms of employment within the communities
and improve the quality of life for people.
These kinds of projects are what we need to be doing,
micro not macro.






10 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY24TH MAY, 2009


RHETORIC AND REALITY

SUMMING UP THE 'BENEFITS'

BY DR MARLENE ATTZS


The Fifth Summit of the Americas (VSOA) hosted by
the Government and people of Trinidad and Tobago
had as its overarching theme "Securing Our Citizens'
Future by Promoting Human Prosperity, Energy Security
and Environmental Sustainability". One can surmise that
selecting this theme was meant to reflect key elements
of sustainable development; that is, seeking to maximise
economic benefits, ensuring purposeful and meaningful
environmental management while seeking to address social
priorities.
In that context, an analysis of the VSOA in terms
of national and/or regional benefits might well focus on
whether the "benefits" of the VSOA will contribute to
sustainable development of Trinidad and Tobago and the
wider Caribbean region.
There has been much talk about the benefits of the
VSOA. Prime Minister Patrick Manning was recently quoted
as saying that there "can be no doubt about the gains to our
country and the region from this undertaking..." "Tourists
arrivals will increase...and it will certainly be much easier to
market our region as a single tourism destination'. The PM
also spoke confidently of the benefits that could accrue to the
business community of the Americas since they would be
now "more aware than ever of the investment opportunities
in Trinidad and Tobago ... and the flow of investment will
certainly grow."
Let's first look at the economic benefits of the VSOA.
What, if any, are the short, medium and long term economic
benefits that may be identified? The first bit of tangible
economic information is the cost of the VSOA-reportedly
somewhere in the region of TT$400m, but with the
speculation that the final cost may actually be much higher.
Aesthetically, the people of Trinidad and Tobago can enjoy
the newly constructed Waterfront in Port of Spain, as well
as the freshly painted walls and roads throughout various
parts of the country.
In terms of anticipated economic benefit to the country,
let's begin by taking a cue from the Prime Minister on an
increase in tourist arrivals. If such an increase in tourist
arrivals does materialise, it will be quite welcomed by
those Caribbean countries that are heavily dependent on
tourism, such as Jamaica and Barbados and the smaller
OECS countries. These have been bracing for, and already
are facing, a decline in arrivals as many international tourists
from North America and Europe (the main source of the
region's tourism market) are reprioritizing their holiday
options: Should I splurge on a trip to the Caribbean or stay
closer to home, just in case things get worse in the economy
at home?
From the national perspective, 40% of our economic
wealth (GDP) in 2008 was derived from petroleum. This
suggests for us certainly, that any increase in tourist arrivals
may not yield a significant national economic benefit given
that we are not as heavily dependent on the tourism industry
as some of our other Caribbean neighbours. Regarding the
investment benefits, presumably many discussions were


"Regarding the investment

benefits, presumably many

discussions were held

behind closed doors among

the private sector members

who participated in the

VSOA. Only time will tell

if those discussions will

yield public (vs private)

economic fruits."


DR MARLENE ATTZS




So steep has been the decline in tourist
arrivals that some Caribbean locations
have reported a drop of more than
two thirds in visitor flows and hotel
occupancies."

Belizean Prime Minister Dean Barrow
at the Opening Ceremony of the
Fifth Summit of the Americas.


held behind closed doors among the private sector members
who participated in the VSOA. Only time will tell if those
discussions will yield public (vs private) economic fruits.
The environment was featured in the theme of the
VSOA (and it is referenced repeatedly in the Declaration of
Port of Spain). However, it is not immediately clear what, if
any, tangible decisions were taken at the VSOA that could
redound to the benefit of countries such as ours, which rely
heavily on the environment but which also face the ravages
of the environment, sometimes on an annual basis.
The US President, Barack Obama, has signalled
the intention of his new administration to deal with
climate change as a clear and present danger to economic
development, and to also intensify their initiatives in the
area of renewable energy. The environment is central to
our national and regional sustainable development-the
environment feeds us and provides us with much of the
region's economic wealth via petroleum, agriculture and
tourism. Fossil fuels (from petroleum, for example) are
a main source of greenhouse gas emissions responsible
for climate change. Developing countries, such as ours in
the Caribbean, will also be hardest hit by the impacts of
climate change and our capacity to adapt to these anticipated
impacts is limited, at best.
From where I sit perhaps the greatest opportunity
for a tangible benefit to our country and region from the
VSOA is in the commitments made by the Canadian Prime
Minister, Stephen Harper, who announced, among other
things, Canada's new Emerging Leaders in the Americas
Programme (ELAP) which will "provide up to 1,600
scholarships for students and researchers" to develop their
knowledge and skills for the benefit of Caribbean people.
Not a short-term, finite investment but an investment in
human capital and research with the potential to contribute
to truly sustainable development.
I think Canada's initiative could provide additional
resources for institutions such as The University of the West
Indies (UWI) to continue our research contributions to the
regional quest for sustainable development.
Work on alternative energy strategies; on sustainable
agriculture and sustainable tourism policies; on climate
change adaptation and disaster risk management policies,
and on how to survive the global economic crisis (without
repeating the mistakes of the 1980s) would be included in
my list of top ten research priorities.
Amid the mixed pre- and post- reactions to the VSOA
comes the sobering message from T&T's Central Bank that
the country is about to face trying economic times. Not the
kind of news one would think consistent with the much
touted "benefits" of the VSOA. But I do recognise that the
"benefits," if there are to be any, may not materialise in the
short or medium term.
Alas, in the short and medium term, we, the people
of the Caribbean, are concerned with more mundane day
to day, relevant issues of our sustainable development,
including unemployment, inflation, access to quality health
care, crime, flooding and our youth.
Based on what has been published as the Declaration of
Port of Spain, it would appear, sadly, that the VSOA fell short
of addressing and assuaging John and Jane public's concerns,
mine included, of any immediate solutions, "benefits" as it
were, in these areas. But maybe if we can survive the hard
times ahead, we might be able to say, like Dr Stalin, that
"better days are comin... and dey comin and dey comin."

Dr Marlene Attzs is a Lecturer, in the Department of
Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, at The University of
the West Indies.






SUNDAY 24TH MAY, 2009 UWI TODAY 11


CRAWLING UNDER RACE'S SKIN
BY RHODA BHARATH


The abrupt exit made by the students was distracting. It
appeared to be a rude protest against the lecture taking place
upstage at the LRC Lecture Auditorium. The lecturer was Dr
Carlos Moore, Cuban-born ethnologist and political scientist.
The topic was "Race and Culture in the Modern World."
On a good day, surrounded by friends with your favourite
drink at hand-on even such a good day-race can be a
touchy issue. In a lecture theatre with students from different
racial and ethnic groups, it can be an explosive topic. Moore,
a former lecturer in the Institute of International Relations
at The University of the West Indies (UWI), was on a dual
purpose trip to Trinidad: to launch his memoir Pichon and
give a public lecture on race and society.
He broke the ice by recounting his first memory of
racial discrimination. As a child, a little white girl called him
"pichon,' a word unknown to him, yet her tone conveyed the
weight of its historic hatred. Later that day, his mother would
make its meaning clear to him: a Spanish word meaning a
nigger who eats dead flesh. Young Moore and other Caribbean
folk like his family, who had migrated to Cuba for work, were
nothing more than flesh-eating corbeaux.
Moore recalled how scarred he was by this and other slurs,
and the intense racism that existed in a pre-Fidel Castro Cuba.
It was this stratified society that led him to become a Marxist
and an ardent supporter of La Revolucion.
"You couldn't love Castro more than I did," he said.
But the Revolution did not bring a change in the status
quo, and Moore realised that although the government had
changed, racism was still very much alive in a Cuba that
purported to be both race-less and class-less. Moore protested
against Castro's government, was imprisoned and soon found
himself in exile in Egypt. His term of exile would last 34 years,
during which, he spent time in Africa, South-East Asia and the
South Pacific. He now lives in Brasil; and said it is a result of


"You couldn't love Castro more than I did."
his nomadic nature that he speaks five languages fluently.
Within his first year in Egypt, Moore again encountered
racism. Blithely greeting Egyptians he met on the street, he
would only find out a year later-when he was more fluent
in Arabic-that they too were tossing racial slurs at him and
addressing him as a slave. This revelation set him to thinking
about the history of race and he began to research an area that
would become a life's obsession.
Moore's lecture challenged the way people tend to view
and think about race. Many books have been written about
race, he says, but fewwriters have probed the topic enough and
they give the faulty impression that racism is a recent product
of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. Moore's subsequent research
dates racism back thousands of years. He cited information
that pointed to a time as early as 1700 BC. He sees racism as
a "pre-existing order" that was perpetuated by Arabs, Greeks,
Romans and Sumerians. He also took an extended look into
the invasion of the Middle East and other parts of Asia by the
Aryans and its importance to the development of a Eurocentric


notion of racial dominance.
His theories did not sit well with all members of the
audience.
But his lecture and research didn't rely only on historical
data. Moore engaged the area of genetics to ground his
argument. An obvious believer in evolution theory, Moore
linked the beginnings of racism to the early human struggle for
resources. Looking at the migration habits of early civilisations,
he concluded that the formation of tribes stemmed from
people sharing the same phenotype. They banded together,
formed communities and shared their resources with each
other. Tribes who differed in their phenotypic appearance
would be viewed with suspicion. Resources were few during
mankind's hunter-gathering phase and tribes would try to
lay claim to as much food as they could. Moore believes this
struggle for one race to control the world's resources continues
even today. In the back of my mind, echoes of author, George
Lipsitz, and former lecturer at UWI and African historian, Dr
Fitzroy Baptiste came calling.
Moore believes that race is not an ideology as much as a
historically created consciousness; and because of this, it is a
permanent feature of our society. He went so far as to declare
race a positive thing for those who use it, and negative only for
those groups who are denied access to resources. According
to him, this is why we need to challenge the issue and the way
it is used.
From this train of thought he made the move to its
contemporary uses and touched on the topic of the current
President of the United States and what a Barack Obama
presidency means for the world. His rise to power did not mean
that racial prejudices no longer exist, but that they continue
to be challenged.

Rhoda Bharath is a PhD research student in Cultural Studies.


SIMPLE SPACES




15X7


1 0PUBICLECUR






12 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 24TH MAY, 2009


Fresh


If you can imagine the implications of a 1994 study
showing that female guppies "may experience up to one
forced copulation attempt (a sneaky mating) from males
every minute" and how it makes them miss out on feeding
opportunities, you might understand why researchers
delved even deeper into the sexual behaviour of guppies.
The latest study now reveals the extent to which sexual
harassment from males can damage relationships between
females. This study, carried out by the Universities of Exeter,
Bangor and Bath, in collaboration with The University of
the West Indies (UWI), was published in Proceedings of the
Royal Society B, in April 2009.
The research, led by the Centre for Research in Animal
Behaviour at the University of Exeter and funded by
the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC),
uncovers the effect of sexual harassment on the ability of
female fish to form social bonds with each other.
Guppies, a popular aquarium fish, had been observed
to display a very high level of sexual harassment from
males towards females. The researchers found that male
harassment not only breaks down female social structures
but also affects females' ability to recognise one another.
The research provides an insight into the effect of male
sexual harassment on female social networks and social
recognition. According to researchers, the findings could
have relevance to other species.


is


Lead author, Dr Safi Darden of the University of
Exeter, explains the link, "Sexual harassment is a burden
that females of many species ranging from insects to
primates suffer and the results of our work suggest that this
harassment may limit the opportunities for females to form
social bonds across a range of species."
The research team, which included Prof Indar
Ramnarine of the Department of Life Sciences at UWI,
worked with a population of wild guppies taken from the
lower portion of the Turure River in Trinidad. They isolated
the females and introduced males to change the sex ratio
so they could identify the effect of males on female social
behaviour. Monitoring the guppies kept in semi-natural


Female harassed by two males


pools at the Department's orchid enclosure, they tested the
females' ability to recognise their peers and form bonds
with other members of the group. The study showed that,
after experiencing a high level of sexual harassment, females
were less able to recognise the other females in the group.
They were also more likely to form bonds with new females,
introduced from outside their network. "This is an extremely
interesting result as it appears that females that experience
sexual harassment actually prefer to avoid other females
with whom they associate the negative experience," said
co-author Dr Darren Croft of the University of Exeter.
"The health and well-being of an individual is
dependent, in part, on having strong social bonds with
others and females that have weakened socialbonds maybe
less likely to survive in the wild, said Dr Safi Darden. "This
makes the effect of male harassment quite significant, but it
is an area that has not previously been studied'.
The researchers do not know exactly why sexual
harassment from males has such a marked effect on female
social interaction. They speculate it is possible that the sheer
amount of time spent by females dealing with unwanted
male attention prevents them from forming relationships
with other females. They believe females from groups with
more males may have bonded with females from outside
in order to try to establish themselves in a more favourable
environment.


He wants to see The University of the West Indies
(UWI) increase its presence in Tobago, said St Augustine
Campus Principal, Professor Clement Sankat, during the
signing of a new Memorandum of Understanding with
Buccoo Reef Trust on May 8, 2009.
Recognising the past achievements ofthe partnership,
including significant increases in collaborative research
on the science and management of reef systems in
Tobago, Prof Sankat said he believed it was now the
ideal time to push the partnership to a higher level of
interaction.
Dr Richard Langton, who signed on behalf of the
Buccoo Reef Trust, said he was "extremely excited"
about the range of collaborations being discussed and
developed with UWI. These include opportunities for
undergraduate and postgraduate teaching and research,
field courses and outreach activities with the local
community on aspects of science and sustainable use
of Caribbean coral reefs and their resources.
0


St Augustine Campus Principal, Professor Clement Sankat (left),
signed the MOU on behalf of The University of the West Indies, while
Dr Richard Langton signed for the Buccoo Reef Trust.
On the list of priorities for the partners is the involvement
of the Buccoo Reef Trust in the delivery of aspects of the new
MSc in Science and Management of Tropical Biodiversity.


Professor Andrew Lawrence, Director of the new MSc
programme said "a key component of the new MSc will
be the opportunity of students to meet and learn from
professionals working in the industry on aspects of the
management and exploitation of terrestrial and marine
tropical environments." Dr Langton said that BRT hopes
to offer some teaching and research projects to students
registering for the new course.
With courses including environmental legislation,
environmental impact assessment, data analysis and
management and geoinformatics, UWI the new MSc
can meet the needs of a wide range of professionals in
the environmental management sector.
"We are hoping to advertise the new MSc in the very
near future," said Prof Lawrence, but if anyone wants
more details about the course they can currently register
their interest with Course Administrator, Mrs Velda
Ferguson-Dewsbury at: aabio.edulink@sta.uwi.edu


The study showed that, after experiencing a high level of sexual harassment,

females were less able to recognise the other females in the group.




~NE MOUU [ WLSITH U UCO RE TRSeZ~IJI I ISUST


0 REEARC






SUNDAY 24TH MAY, 2009 UWI TODAY 13


WATER WORLDS


"If you train the men, you train the men; if you train the
women, you train the village," said Paul Hinds the regional
coordinator of Global Water Partnership Caribbean, at
the end of the workshop on Gender, Water and Ecosystem
Management held by the Women Gender Water Network
(WGWN) at The University of the West Indies (UWI)
earlier this month.
He was talking about the realisation that in order for
many policies to really take root in communities, the word
needs to be spread via the women, because they are the ones
carrying the responsibility for much of community life.
The conference was chaired by Dr Fredericka Deare,
who said they tried to cover a number of areas.
"The Network (WGWN) has been trying to increase
the awareness of water and gender," she said, and to that end
they have been conducting training programmes.
"It is an ongoing process," she said. "When you say
gender, people say WOMEN!" But it doesn't mean that
people are not sensitive to the issues, they don't always
understand how gender differences can affect outcomes.
"So, to me always there is a need to move from research
that neglects a gender component. We want gender to be a
natural part of research," she said.
WGWN's focus is on training, trying to get people
to see that there are differences in needs and approaches
that are gender-based and they need to be factored in at
planning stages.


One of the consultants attending, Jalaludin Khan,
agrees and points to how planning processes miss this key
element.
"We have a gender-dysfunctional pipeline:' he said.
"At every critical point, gender is absent. We have to do a
gender audit, and examine the critical points where gender
is important and affects thing', he said.Niala Maharaj had
earlier read a short story she'd written on commission from
the Dutch government for the World Summit on Sustainable
Development Prepcom III, which though based on an
Indian village, was felt to reflect all the concerns of water
and community life.
The WGWN, which falls under the Centre for Gender
and Development Studies, emerged out of the Nariva Swamp
Project-The Nariva Swamp: a Gendered Case Study in
Wetland Resource Management-where water was a key
variable in the communities life but we felt not adequately
addressed in that project.
It was also felt that water in all its complexity was a
good theme around which a range of interested scholars,
researchers and practitioners, could collaborate from their
different disciplinary standpoints. Gender Studies is by
definition multi-disciplinary or even trans-disciplinary
and the Centre (now the Institute) always sought to
collaborate with colleagues in other disciplinary locations
in collaborative research. The WGWN works closely with
the Global Water Partnership-Caribbean, Caribbean Water-
Net and WASA.


An MBA in Health Management is now available to
students enrolling in the September 2009 International
Master of Business Administration Programme (IMBA) at
the Arthur Lok Jack Graduate School of Business of The
University of the West Indies (UWI).
The IMBA specialisation in Health Management seeks
to broaden the knowledge base necessary for managing
and achieving effectiveness within a modern health sector.
The idea for the specialisation arose out of the growing
urgency to address the educational and training needs of
the health sector.
The specialisation is designed to improve the
efficiency and effectiveness of the health sector's limited
resources and train the people needed to match the
proposed expansion of the sector as outlined in the Vision
2020 National Development Plan. It includes courses
in Health Care Management, Service Quality in Health
Care, Human Resource Management in Health Services,
Healthcare Accounting and Financial Management,Strategic
Management, Health Economics and Health Management
Information Systems.
Students must do at least five of these courses in order
to be awarded the specialisation in Health Management.
Graduates of the programme are expected to be equipped
with the skills for institutional strengthening and support
for a sector which continues to be subjected to significant
outward migration.
The International MBA programme is accredited
by the UK's Association of MBAs. Apart from the Health
Management Specialisation, students enrolled in the IMBA
may choose to specialise in Human Resource Management,
Innovation and Entrepreneurship, International Finance,
Energy Business Management and International Marketing
Management.

* FOR MORE INFORMATION,contact the UWI Arthur Lok
Jack Graduate School of Business Communications Unit
at 645-6700 Ext. 154.


Health
Management MBA


Largest


inlorescence


in the world


Its majestic inflorescence is a poignant invocation of
the meaning of life. The extraordinary Talipot Palm
(Corypha umbraculifera L.) which bears the largest
inflorescence in the plant kingdom, 6-8m long is
monocarpic: it flowers only once in its lifetime when it
is between 30 and 80 years old. The fruits take a year to
mature, after which the plant dies.
We were fortunate to find two flowering Talipot
Palms. The one at the top of the page, photographed
by Aneel Karim, stands at the Evans Street boundary
of the St Augustine campus of The University of the
West Indies and the other, which seemed to be in fuller
bloom (see cover shot) in San Juan was taken by Amy
Li Baksh. They will soon be no more as the flowering
indicates they are nearing their life's end.
It is native to southern India and Sri Lanka. One of
the largest palms in the world, it has reached heights up
to 25m with stems up to 1.3m in diameter, leaves up to
5m in diameter and up to 130 leaflets.
It bears the largest inflorescence of any plant (that's
the complete flower head, including stems, stalks and
bracts). It produces thousands of small, round, yellow-
green fruit before dying.






14 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 24TH MAY, 2009


The Criminology Unit of The University of the West Indies
(UWI) recently hosted a Criminology Conference entitled
"Developing a Caribbean Criminology" to evaluate the
contributions of researchers to a Caribbean Criminology.
It was intended to set foundations for the development of a
Caribbean criminological school of thought.
The keynote speakers were the immediate past Director
for the Centre for Criminology and Criminal Justice,
Professor Ramesh Deosaran and the first Commonwealth/
UNESCO Regional Chair in Education (HIV Health
Promotion), Professor David Plummer.
Many criminological, criminal justice, safety, and
security issues were raised; though the main themes were:
* The relationship between gender and crime
* Distrust between the public and the police
* The need to seriously address crimes against children
* Penal reform
* Guns, drugs and gang related activity and
* Uniform crime reporting

GENDER AND CRIME
Many presentations connected the high level of street
crimes to "machismo." Prof Plummer defined machismo
as the male's desire to prove his manhood by violence.
He recommended holistic education that emphasises that
violence does not equate to manliness, and that education
is not a female "thing:' as a likely solution.

PUBLIC AND POLICE
Ethnographic and survey research show a high level of
distrust between the public and the police. Members of the
public believe that the police's response time is slow and their
overall honesty questionable. Prof Deosaran said citizens
fear retaliation when they report crimes. Recommendations
included a democratic policing strategy, a system for citizen
feedback, courteous police and community policing.

CRIMES AGAINST CHILDREN
Some contended that there is a relationship between
being victimised as a child and being a perpetrator of crime
as an adult. Others simply drew attention to the paucity of
legislation to protect the rights of the child. All agreed that
increased child protection was necessary and needs State
and academic attention.

PENAL REFORM
Presenters suggested overhauling the penal system,
which was described as archaic and counterproductive
and failing to rehabilitate prisoners while in fact producing
criminals because of its environment.
A proposal to adopt a restorative justice model was
recommended by Dr Dianne Williams, Assistant Professor
at North Carolina A&T State University. Ironically, a
Cabinet-appointed Task Force on Penal Reform and
Transformation agreed to adopt a similar proposal in 2002,
as the ideal concept to guide penal policy and practice in
Trinidad and Tobago. To date it is unclear as to what level
this has been implemented.

GUNS, DRUGS AND GANG-RELATED ACTIVITY
Tahereh Mirsadoo, an Asst Professor of Islamic Azad
University, Iran, related the detrimental impact of drugs in
her country. She provided statistics regarding the correlation
between criminal activity and the increasing cost of keeping
addicts incarcerated. She identified some measures used to
alleviate these social ills, such as treatment centres, guidance
counselling, youth employment and informative mass media
advertisements.
Mr Darius Figueria, an Assistant Lecturer at UWI,
and Dr Thomas Bruneau, Lecturer at the Civil-Military
Relations, Naval Post Graduate School of Monterey,
California, warned of a shift in Central American gang
activity to the Caribbean, a trend that Mr Figueria believes
we may be unable to control. Prof Plummer refuted this,
suggesting that we could intervene by empowering the
region's young men to refrain from a life of what he termed
"gangsterism'.


he Dilemma of


CARIBBEAN



CRIME

BY KERON KING











Professor David Plummer delivering his keynote address: When it
is Cool to be Bad: Gender as a Lens for Understanding the Social
Construction of Crime in the Caribbean.


Prof Onwubiko Agozino, Coordinator of the UWI
Criminology Unit, briefly noted that youth in Caribbean
societies are better behaved than those in the United States
and the United Kingdom. He added though, that Caribbean
youth seem to lack the positive community influences
needed to keep them safe from illegal drug use, trafficking
and criminal gang activity. He suggested decriminalising
drugs and using education to help youth to say no to drugs
as is the case with tobacco and alcohol.

UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING (UCR) MODEL
A plea was made by Inspector McDonald Jacob of
the Crime and Problem Analysis Branch (CAPA) of the
Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS) for the adoption
of a (UCR) model. He lamented that crime reporting
was not unified throughout the region and proposed
that this be changed. Ms Kim Ramsay, Senior Research
Officer, at the National Task Force on Crime Prevention


in Barbados applauded the proposal and admitted that
the Barbadian Police Force suffered from crime reporting
inconsistencies.
Dr Nathan Pino, a Fulbright scholar based at UWI's
Criminology Unit, proposed a more democratic way of
policing based on his interviews with members of Trinidad
and Tobago's society. He suggested a radical system where
the police are in "subordination to civil authority" and the
"people and their elected representatives dictate police plans
and behaviours."
One trend that permeated most presentations was
the need for the State, civil society and The UWI to join
hands in addressing crime, security and justice issues. The
proceedings of the Conference will be released either in the
form of a book or as a journal article.

Keron King is a Research Assistant at the Criminology Unit,
UWI, St Augustine.


From left to right: Prof Onwubiko Agozino (Criminology Unit Coordinator and Deputy Dean Graduate Studies), Dr Nasser Mustapha
(Head, Department of Behavioural Sciences), Professor Clement Sankat (PVC and UWI St Augustine Campus Principal) and Dr Hamid
Ghany (Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences)


0 CAMPUS NEWS






SUNDAY 24TH MAY, 2009 UWI TODAY 15


"There is no doubt
in my mind that the
UWI presence over
the past six decades
has provided for the
region tremendous
intellectual depth,
productive skills
of talent and
sophistication, with
our rich North
Atlantic neighbours
being decided
beneficiaries of that
output."


of thWs Inde Chnelr Si Gerg Aleye A s wfetrsoepotogaps tae by Valde Brok ofth
y 0e w d 0o le 0o s e 0 e es f m 0 0


"The sixty-year collective investment in our human
resources has provided dividends not always
as bountiful as one would wish but which have
remarkably been at hand to meet many of the
challenges which building a nation and shaping a
society demand."


"But it is the education which the likes of us received
at the University of the West Indies which has driven
so many of us to innovative initiatives and to serious
investigation of the complex nature of our cultural
diversity and the dynamic cross-roads civilization
it engenders."


From left, Prof Clement Sankat, PVC and Campus Principal, UWI St. Augustine,
Prof Rex Nettleford and Mr C. William Iton, Director of Administration/
University Registrar.

"It is people who decide on trade, aid, healthcare,
social development and foreign relations, not
summits."


From left, Mrs Elizabeth Nivet-Mc Comie, Events Coordinator/Personal Assistant
to the Campus Principal and Sir George Alleyne, Chancellor.

"For the real resources of our regional university
lie in the people who teach, conduct research and
reach out to the wider society which it was set up
to serve."


From left, Prof Magaret Rouse-Jones, Former UWI Librarian, and Mrs Karen
Lequay, Campus Librarian, Open Campus.


Allan Balfour, dancer/choreographer.

"Paradox ofparadoxes: while countries
like Cuba and the Dominican Republic
are anxious to join us, a number of us
are aching to disengage."


From left, Mrs A. Missouri Sherman-Peter, UWIAA Representative, Bahamas,
Prof E. Nigel Harris, Vice Chancellor.


1 0 AMPU NEW






16 UWI TODAY- SUNDAY 24TH MAY, 2009


UWI CALENDAR ofEVENTS

MAY JUNE


GAMES

2009


UWI Games 2009
Wed 20th- Fri 29th May 2009
UWI SPEC

It's UWI Games time again! The St Augustine
Campus is in the middle of hosting the 2009
UWI Games, biennial student games which are
rotated among the three main UWI campuses
Over 400 athletes from the three main campuses
at St Augustine, Mona (Jamaica) and Cave Hill
(Barbados) are taking part in this year's Games,
which include track and field, football, netball,
cricket, volleyball, basketball, 6-a-side hockey,
swimming, table tennis and lawn tennis,
culminating in a festive Closing Ceremony on
Thursday 28th May, 2009. The St Augustine
Campus invites you to attend and root for your
favourite teams in this event which only comes
around to our doors every six years.

For further information, please contact UWI
SPEC at (868) 662-2002 Ext. 3555.






S*^learn

Elearn 2009 Conference
Monday 8th -Wednesday 10th June 2009
The Hyatt, Port of Spain.

The Elearn 2009 Conference, to be held from
June 8th to 11th, 2009, marks ten years since
the Educational Technology conference held by
The University of the West Indies, St Augustine
Campus, in March 1999. Elearn 2009 will
provide a forum for the UWI St Augustine
Campus to showcase progress, understanding
and creativity in using technologies in action
in classrooms and libraries.

For more information on the Elearn 2009
Conference visit: http://elearn2009.com or call
(868) 662-2002 Ext. 3985, 2611, 2214.


3rd Biennial International Conference
on
Business, Banking Finance

Wednesday 27th-Friday 29th May 2009
UWI Learning Resource Centre (LRC)

The Third Biennial International Conference
on Business, Banking and Finance will be held
from Wednesday 27th to Friday 29th May,
2009. This conference is entitled "Financial
Services in Emerging Economies: Surviving
the Global Meltdown" This event is a forum
for the exchange of ideas on critical business,
banking and financial issues facing emerging
economies in the context of a global financial
and economic meltdown of unprecedented
proportions. Presenters and panelists include
Mr. David Dulal-Whiteway, Mr. Larry Howai,
Senator Mariano Browne and Mr. Ron Allenby.
The feature address at the Opening Ceremony
on May 27, 2009 will be done by the Hon Prime
Minister Mr. Patrick Manning

For further information and registration please
call (868) 645-1174 Ext. 2549 or email bbf3@
sta.uwi.edu



CTLPA 12th Annual Conference
Monday 22nd-Wednesday 25th June 2009
Grafton Beach Resort & Le Gran Courland,
Tobago.

The Caribbean Tertiary Level Personnel
Association (CTLPA) will host its 12th annual
conference from the 22nd to 25thJune 2009.The
conference will be held at the Grafton Beach
Resort & Le Gran Courland, Tobago. The theme
of this conference is "The Power to Imagine, The
Courage to Act: New Directions in Caribbean
Higher Education Development"

For more information please visit http://
www.ctlpa.org.jm/About.htm or contact Mr.
Chandar Gupta Supersad at 662-2002 Ext 2360


First they must be Children:
the Child and the Caribbean Imagination
Thursday 21st-Friday 22nd May 2009
The Learning Resource Centre (LRC), UWI

This conference seeks to facilitate
interdisciplinary dialogue on social experiences
and representational patterns related to the
Caribbean child and childhood. It invites
analysis of ideological perspectives and
discursive practices in relation to children
as social and imaginative subjects; the roles,
symbolic codes and identities they have
been assigned; their acts of resistance and
transgression as cultural agents; and the multiple
meanings of their presence in traditional and
contemporary Caribbean mythologies of being
and becoming. Presentations will cover a vast
range of topics including childhood and the
literary imaginary, Citizenship, migrancy and
transnationality, being and belonging, the
child in Caribbean folk and popular culture,
Caribbean parenting, and ways of learning: the
school, pedagogy and education.

For further information, please visit the website
at: http://sta.uwi.edu/conferences/09/first/ or
call (868) 662-2002 Ext. 3567, 3028, 3025.



ACUNS (Academic Council on the United
Nations System) Annual Meeting
Small, Middle, and Emerging Powers in
the UN System
June 4-6,2009
Institute of International Relations
UWI, St. Augustine Campus

One of the most striking developments of the
last 20 years is the redistribution of power in the
International system. While the United States
remains powerful in many domains, states with
burgeoning economic and/or military might,
sometimes combined with regional influence,
are demanding our attention. The ACUNS
Annual Meeting will address this, while giving
special attention to the challenges of migration,
security, regional prosperity and development,
energy, and environmental sustainability in the
Caribbean context. Registration for all from the
Caribbean is TT$100.

For further information please contact the
Institute of International Relations
UWI, StAugustine, Trinidad & Tobago
(868) 662-2002 ext 2010/2011. To download
the programme please visit http://www.acuns.
org/programsan/acunsannua


UWI TODAY is printed and distributed for The University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, through the kind support of Trinidad Publishing Co Ltd, 22-24 St Vincent Street, Port of Spain, Trinidad, West Indies.




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