Front Cover
 Front Matter
 Table of Contents
 Letter of transmittal
 Biennial report of the president...
 Florida State University president's...
 Biennial report of the Florida...
 Biennial report of the president...
 Back Matter
 Back Cover

Group Title: Report of the Florida Board of Regents
Title: Report of the Board of Control
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094136/00010
 Material Information
Title: Report of the Board of Control
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Florida. Board of Control.
Publisher: Board of Control
Place of Publication: Tallahassee, FL
Publication Date: 1950/1952
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094136
Volume ID: VID00010
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: electronic_oclc - 55693843

Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Front Matter
        Front Matter 1
        Front Matter 2
    Table of Contents
        Page A-1
        Page A-2
    Letter of transmittal
        Page A-3
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    Biennial report of the president of the University of Florida to the Board of Control
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    Florida State University president's report
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    Biennial report of the Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College
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    Biennial report of the president of the Florida State School for the Deaf and the Blind to the Board of Control
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    Back Matter
        Back Matter 1
        Back Matter 2
    Back Cover
        Back Cover 1
        Back Cover 2
Full Text
~qso 153
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Membership of Boards ......................... 2

L better of T ransm ittal .................... ......... ........... ......... ................. 3

Report of Chairman of Board ........................... 4

Enrollm ent in the Several Institutions ....... ....................... ..... ...... 9

G rad u atio n s .................................................... ................................................... 10

Report of Board's Executive Secretary ...... ............................. 13

Report of A architect to the Board .................. .................... ........... 19

Report of Director of John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art ................ 21

Printed Reports from Institutions under the Administration of the Board
of Control.

State Board of Control
Institutions of Higher Learning

FRANK M. HARRIS, Chairman ......... ............... St. Petersburg
H OLLIS R INEHART ............. ......................................................... M iam i
E LI H F IN K ....................................... .. ......... ........... Jack son ville
GEORGE J. W HITE, SR. ............ ........... .. ........... M ount Dora
W G LENN M ILLER ............. ......... ..... ........... M onticello
GEORGE W. ENGLISH, JR. ........... ................... Ft. Lauderdale
MRS. JESSIE BALL DUPONT ....................... .............. Jacksonville


State Board of Education

DAN MCCARTY, Chairman ......................................Governor
R. A. GRAY .. ................. .... Secretary of State
J. E DW IN LARSON .............. ....... ....................... T treasurer
RICHARD W ERVIN .......... ............... ................ Attorney General
THOMAS D. BAILEY .... State Superintendent of Public Instruction

Letter of Transmittal

St. Petersburg, Florida
March 15, 1953

Governor of Florida


I have the privilege of submitting herewith the biennial report of the
Board of Control for the period beginning July 1, 1950, and ending June 30,
1952, for transmittal by you to the Legislature. This report is handed you in
compliance with the provisions of Chapter 5384, Laws of Florida, 1905.

Respectfully submitted,

BY Frank M. Harris, Chairman

Report of Chairman of Board

The past two years have seen great progress made in the various institutions
under the supervision of this Board. Our institutions of higher learning are
making a place for themselves in many fields in the academic world, and the
basic programs of public higher education-instruction, research, and services
-are being fulfilled.
The Board of Control has instituted a program which is directed toward
the end of better coordination of higher education in Florida. When all
parts of this program are completed, we feel that our organization will be
even stronger than it is today, and we will be in a more advantageous position
to offer the people of Florida the type of higher education of which we can all
be proud. A statement of the program and the progress made will be found
elsewhere in this section.
The Board of Control would be derelict in its duty if it did not point
out that a substantial increase in enrollment, possibly as high as 50%, is
anticipated by 1960. We should begin now to prepare for this anticipated
increase by providing: (1) adequate class room space, and (2) an academic
staff which can provide the type of instruction the boys and girls of Florida
should receive. The Board of Control has adopted this two-point objective
and with the cooperation of the Legislature and the Budget Commission,
our purposes can be accomplished.

Program of the Board of Control for Coordinating the
Activities Under its Supervision and the Establishment of
Uniform Operational Policies and Procedures
The Board of Control adopted the following program for improving the
overall control of higher education in the State of Florida. Most of the
points outlined below are under way at the present time. It is hoped that
the following biennium will see the fruition of this proposed program.
(a) Assemble and arrange in systematic and orderly manner the present
policies of the Board.
(b) Study these polices in order to determine adequacy of existing
policies, and need for additional policies.
(c) Assemble and arrange in final form for ready reference policies which
shall govern the various institutions in future financial and edu-
cational activities.
(a) Review the Constitution of the institutions with reference to:
(1) Organization of the institutions
(2) Authority delegated
(3) Operating policies


(b) Approve such changes as are necessary to:
(1) Increase effectiveness of organization
(2) Obtain more uniformity in organization
(3) Obtain standard operating policies
(a) Require adequate financial records and reports in conformity with
generally accepted college and university standards:
(1) Adequate double entry system
(2) Budget preparation
(3) Budget operation and control
(4) Periodic financial and budgetary statements and reports
(b) Other financial, cost, and statistical analyses and reports relating
to instruction and operating activities, including analyses of:
(1) Administrative cost
(2) Instructional cost
(3) Maintenance cost
(4) Other miscellaneous cost
(c) Comparative cost studies with institutions of other States.

(d) Establishment of adequate controls of physical property and supplies:
(1) Inventory records
(2) Identification of equipment
(3) Working capital fund for central stores
(a) Require that institutions follow generally accepted purchasing pro-
cedures of public agencies.
Cause a study to be made of the curricula, degrees, and programs of study
and research which are being offered at each institution to determine
the advisability for additional offerings or the curtailment of present

Progress of Proposed Program
The following portion of the above program has been initiated or com-
Board Policies
A policy manual has been written and adopted containing the basic
policies of the Board. There is still much work to be done, but we feel a
great deal has been accomplished by furnishing those we supervise with a docu-
ment by which many questions of policy may be answered.


Institutional Constitutions
All of the institutions of higher education have developed constitutions
for their internal management. There still remains the project of stan-
dardizing the constitutions and making such changes as are necessary to
have them conform to the written policies of the Board of Control.

Financial Records and Reports
The greatest progress has been made in this particular phase of the
the program outlined above. Dr. David M. Beights, a certified public accountant,
was employed as an accounting consultant to make recommendations for
more adequate financial records to be maintained by our institutions. His
recommendations have been, or are being, instituted. We are glad to report
that items 3(a) and 3(b) above are about 75% installed. A working capital
fund for central stores has been instituted at Florida State University. It
is hoped that such a system will soon be in operation at the University of
Florida and Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College.
Items 3(b) and 3(c) are still in the formative stage. If funds are pro-
vided as requested, further progress will be made in the next biennium.

Adequate controls have been installed and generally accepted purchasing
procedures are now in use.

Academic Salaries
One of the problems of the Board of Control and the various institutions
under its control has been to obtain and retain an outstanding faculty. Com-
petition in salaries comes both from other institutions of higher education and
from government and business. Every study which has been made of salaries
paid to academic personnel reflects the fact that Florida needs to increase
the salaries paid. Provision for increased salaries has been made in our requests
to the Legislature. Adoption of the salary schedule as presented would be of
great benefit in attracting competent academic personnel to our campuses.

Building Program
The Florida Legislature has been very helpful in providing funds for
our building program, but this fact must be emphasized: Classroom space has
to be provided for our students. As stated in Dr. Miller's portion of this
biennial report, classroom space per student at the University of Florida is
less than ninety square feet per student, whereas the average for the land
grant colleges is one hundred and forty-nine square feet. Twenty per cent of
the student body at Florida State University is forced to commute between
the main campus and the temporary campus at Dale Mabry Field, a distance
of three miles. This is expensive, inefficient, and destructive of student and


faculty morale. Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College has many students
attending classes in temporary wooden buildings.
Revenue Certificates
The outstanding funded debt of the Board of Control as of June 30,
1952, (See Exhibit "B" of the Executive Secretary's report) amounted to
$11,903,000. The Board has been forced to issue revenue certificates to
construct dormitories or other auxiliary buildings, because insufficient money has
been appropriated to adequately house and care for our student bodies.
Applications for admission have had to be refused because of lack of dormi-
tory space to house women at the University of Florida. Many students have
to live in town in "order to be able to attend Florida State University and
Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College. This situation will be alleviated
at Florida State University as soon as the project now under construction
is completed.
In order to carry on this vast building program, it has been necessary to
pledge our income from other auxiliaries. It is not financially feasible to
construct additional dormitories by the issuance of revenue certificates unless
a portion of the construction cost is provided by legislative appropriation.
We are once again asking that funds be appropriated for dormitories at
the University of Florida and the Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College.
Since the first dormitories were constructed in 1939 with the aid of
revenue certificates, thirty-one different buildings have been constructed in
whole or in part, from proceeds derived from the sales of these certificates. To
date, $12,322,000 worth of revenue certificates have been issued. Plans are under
way at the present time for three additional issues as follows-
University of Florida-Dormitory-$1,000,000
Florida State University-Demonstration School-$500,000
Florida A. & M. College-Dormitory-$900,000
Validation of these issues will increase the amount of revenue certificates
issued to $14,722,000.

Student Enrollment
The leveling off in student enrollment was caused by: (1) Smaller high
school graduating classes resulting from lower birth rates during the depression
years, and (2) Entry into military services of many young men who wanted
to get their service behind them.

While there has been a slight decrease in enrollment, the decrease has
not been as great as was anticipated, nor has the decrease been as great at
the national average of 7.8%. The Korean veterans returning to school,
our population increase due to new residents, as well as the high birth rate
will all be factors in increasing enrollment at our various institutions of
higher learning.

Long-range predictions of enrollment forecast an increase of as much
as 50% in students at our three institutions of higher learning by 1960.


Plans should be made now for adequate instruction and training of our future
citizens. This includes additional class room space, dormitories and service
facilities. If these enrollment predictions are substantially correct, we could
cas lv find a student body of 15,000 by 1960 at the University of Florida, 8,000 at
Florida State University and 3,000 at the Florida Agricultural and Mechanical
College. With these predictions, it is hoped that the Budget Commission
and the Legislature will begin immediately to provide class room space for
the present student bodies, as well as to develop plans to adequately care
for future enrollment. The following table presents enrollment statistics
from 1905 to the end of this biennium:



Regular Session

1906-07 ..
1909-10. ...
1910-11 ......
1911412 ..
1912-13 ..
1914-15 ......
1915-16 ......
1916-17 ..
1924-25 .....
1926-27 ....
1927-28 ....
1928-29 .....
1929-30 ......
1930-31 .....
1937-38 ..
1938-39 ....
1939-40 ...
1940-41 .
Civilians ..
|st Semr
2nd Sem
Trainees ..
1944-45 ....
1945-46 ..
1946-47 ....
1948-49 ...
I 1950-51.....
1951-52 ...

U. OF F.









D. & B.

A. & M.



Summer Session
U. OFF. F. S. U. D. & B. A. & M.

...783 39 .... ........... 187

895 512 .................................225
...........1028 585 ........... ...........182
9 28 526 ........... ........... ........... ... 200
...987 529 ... ..... ... ....... 250

..1289 69 2 ........ ........... .......... .... 23

...........1686 786 ... .... .......63
161743 76423 ........... 5248
14783 39 ... 49187
18 95 512 ... 7 5.......
1699 955 ........... 1076
10928 526 .......... 84200
131098 7 529 ........... 25027
1 289 2 ........... 3235
168706 78628 .......... 10655
1613 766942 ........... 3587
1480 872 ........... 72498

2591 872 72..... 14
1520 913 .......... 715
1690329 955 ........... 1026
1086 72660 ........... 84
61 3 74012 ........... 1027
160 2 87 3 ........... 10 1

2631 872 ... 96724
259155 972 ........... 7241
280571 1085 ........... 17846
2445 1189 ........... 1 13

2463278 17 .......... 14018
1032 3 ...........3 7 10629

593627 ........... 81763
632 404 ........... 272

3555 972 ........... 1215
5711 1608 ........... 1456
6278 3030 ........... 1403
6643 3977 ........... 1629
5927 5071 ........... 1763
5927 5323 ........... 2025
47041 28581..... 1936



Regular Session

Summer Session

U. OF F.
1934-35 448
1935-36 ..... 487
1936-37 469
1937-38...... 451
1938-39 459
1939-40 451
1940-41. 472
1941-42 ... 485
1942-43...... 487
1943-44 .... 479
1944-45 501
1945-46...... 522
1946-47 ..... 504
1947-48...... 500
1948-49.... 521
1949-50. ... 519
1950-51..... 517
1951-52 .... 518


Year ary

1940-41..... 2
1941-42.... 2
1942-4 3 ............
1943-44 3
1944-45 1
1945-46. 3
1946-47 .. 1
1947-48 .... 5
1948-49 ... 1
1949-50 .... 8
1950-51 .... .....
1951-52 3

Ph.D. Master Bach-
Degrees Degrees elor
5 74 585
6 39 525
6 32 475
1 38 212
1 46 135
3 52 247
1 77 446
.. ........ 132 1079
5 195 1638
18 287 2385
36 452 1729
38 436 1479

Two- High
Profes- Year School
sional Certi- Di-
Degrees ficates plomas
2 539 45
1 497 48
.............. 280 50
... 72 36
1 62 58
1 240 72
............... 1 0 3 4 ................
1 127 2 ................
2 1160 .............
......... 1184
8 9 55 ............ ..


1940-4 1 .... ......... ............... 12 34 5 .. ........... 8 3 29
1941-42 ..........5.... 5 380 .............. 24 11
1942-43 .... .......... .. 10 386 ............... 11 23
1943-44 ..... .... ..... 3 331 ......... ... 8 14
19 4 4 -4 5 ..... ....... .. . 6 36 1 ....... ....... ........ ...... ..............
1945-46 .... ............ .. 7 366 . .....
19 4 6 -4 7 ............. ..... ......... 1 5 39 2 ............... ........... ... ................
19 4 7 -4 8 .. ............. .. 2 5 50 2 ................ ......... .. ............
1948-49 ..... ........ .... 68 672
1949-50 .......... . 149 943
19 50-51 ........... ......... . 202 10 53
1951-52 ... 1 .3 192 942 .

D. & B.
........ .
. .... . .

... .. .. .
I. .. .. .. .

........ .
.. .... .. .


......... I

kM. U. OFF.
222 51
200 49
316 102
276 114
239 106
249 136
275 177
328 217
411 251
435 220
471 162
388 64
4 17 ..........
419 114
403 113
380 130
446 130
458 95

F. S. U.

D. & B.
. . .. I
. ... ..

... .. .

....... ..
. . . . .

F. S. U.

A. & M.




Two- High
Year School
Certi- Di-
ficates plomas
......... .. 1 0

. 14


10 4 ....... ...
9 5 ...... . .
5 2 ........
36 ........

Board of Control


There was only one change in personnel of the Board during the period
covered by this Report. Honorable N. B. Jordan, Quincy, was succeeded by
Honorable W. Glenn Miller, Monticello.

The 1951 session of the Florida Legislature amended Section 240.01
of the Florida Statutes to provide for two additional members of the board.
Honorable George W. English, Jr., Fort Lauderdale, and Mrs. Jessie Ball
duPont, Jacksonville, were appointed to fill these two positions.


Appended hereto are the comprehensive reports of the several departmental
and institutional executives. Their reports are very informative of the events
which transpired during this biennium.






1940-41 ...
1941-42 ....
1942-43 ....
1943-44 ....
1944-45 .....
1945-46 ....
1946-47 .....
1947-48 ....
1948-49 .....
1949-50 .....
1950-51 .....
1951-52 ...

1940-41 .............
1941-42 .. ... ..........
1942-43 ... ...........
1943-44 ... ... ..........
1944-45 ... .. .........
194 5-46 ... ................
1946-47 ..............
1947-48 .............
1948-49 .............
1949-50 ...............
1950-51 .. .. ...... ...
1951-52 ..........


.. .. .. .. ..

.... ....... ..
. . 1. I ... 1 .0
..... ... . .. .... .. 1..

... .... 10
..... ... 1 2



As we begin another biennium, the Board of Control dedicates itself to
the provision of an even finer educational system. It is cognizant of its growing
responsibilities as the governing body for public higher education, as well as
the ever increasing research and service programs so vital to the people of the
State of Florida.
The Board desires to express it appreciation to the Governor, the State
Board of Education, the State Budget Commission, and the individuals com-
prising these boards for their assistance and cooperation during this biennium.

Frank M. Harris, Chairman


Tallahassee, Florida
March 15, 1953



I have the privilege of transmitting to you the financial report of the
various funds administered by the office of the Board of Control, for the
biennium ending June 30, 1951, and 1952.
Exhibit "A" is a "Summary Statement of Operations," and reflects
transactions during the biennium for the operating and administered funds.
Schedule "I-A" is a Statement of Fund Balances" explaining the assets
of the funds contained on Exhibit "A."
Exhibit "B" is a statement of "Interest and Sinking Fund Balances and
Revenue Certificates Outstanding as of June 30, 1952." This exhibit is
presented for information as to the funded indebtedness of the Board of

Respectfully submitted,

Executive Secretary



Total General Administration
Total Department of Architecture
Scholarship & Loan Funds:
University of Florida:
John & Ida English Loan Fund
Albert W. Gilchrist Scholarship Fund
Arthur E. Hamm Scholarship Fund
Ramsaur Memorial Fund
John G. & Fannie F. Ruge Memorial Funds:
General William Loring Spencer Memorial
Scholarship Fund
Frank H. Wade Estate Fund
Cecil Willcox Memorial Scholarship Fund
David Yulee Scholarship Fund
David Yulee Lectureship Fund
John & Ida English Loan Fund
Albert W. Gilchrist Scholarship Fund
Mrs. Sarah Levy Scholarship Fund
John G. & Fannie F. Ruge Memorial Funds:
Estate of James D. Westcott
Albert W. Gilchrist Scholarship Fund
Millard Caldwell Loan Fund
John & Ida English Loan Fund
Hart Hospital Fund
Mrs. Sara Levy Scholarship Fund
J. C. McMullen Scholarship Fund
Miscellaneous Gifts for A. & M. Hospital
Educational Opportunities for Children of
Deceased Veterans
Ex-Confederate Soldiers & Sailors Home
Endowment Fund
Racing Scholarship Fund
Regional Educational Program
Annual Payment to Accredited Medical Sch.
State Medical School Planning
Tufts Scholarship Fund-Principal
Tufts Scholarship Fund-Univ. of Florida
Tufts Scholarship Fund-Florida State Univ

Fund Balance Receipts & Total
July 1, 1950 Appropriation Available

$ 305.01











$ 443,804.81
$ 479,260.53

$ 16,860.00*




................. .........



$ 17,165.01



Reverted to Fund Balance
Expenditures Gen. Revenue June 30, 1951

$ 16,968.00


.............. ..........

$ 197.01

........... 84...........

42,712.35 24,082.00 ........................
8,281.99 7,100.00 .......................






8,000.00* 12,800.00


$ 545,451.83
$ 769,597.95


$ 989,256.64
$ 1,275,858.48

142.04 ....................


3 50. 0 ... ..... ... .. . ..
320.00 ....................

7,10 0 .50 ........... ......
4 ,0 50 .0 0 ......................
19 ,6 52 .00 .......... ..........




$ 452,123.78
$ 601,734.67

............... . . .









9,973.54 ....... ........
....... ...... .. .7. 04 .9 9
............ .... .. 262.8 58 .84
48,000.00 ......... .. ......

.... ....... 6,99 1.0 5
........... . 397 .0 31
....................... 5 9 7 .5 6
$ 57,973.54 $ 479,159.32
$ 67,542.64 $ 606,581.17

Receipts &

$ 30,480.00







.................... ...


$ 977,382.13
$ 1,092,447.95


$ 30,480.00



Fund Balance
Expenditures June 30, 1952

$ 29,710.00


. ... ..... ....... .... ..

54,139.36 20,350.00
5,772.47 2,574.50







7,658.24 ......... ......



6,000.00 2,250.00

1,274.9) 600.00
502,006.58 241,960.34
321,500.00 320,250.00
225,000.00 ... .. ........
100,000.00 .. ..... .. ....
7,613.30 ....
791.53 350.00
992.06 300.00
$ 1,456,541.45 $ 631,038.64
$ 1,699,029.12 $ 806,597.40

*Ceneral Revenue Appropriation.
*Transferred to Florida A. & M. Hospital Construction Fund.


$ 770.00











$ 825,502.81
$ 892,431.72



. ... ... ... .. ... ....

. . . . . I ' .

I l l . . . . . .




Total General Administration

Total Department of Architecture
Scholarship and Loan Funds:
University of Florida:
John & Ida English Loan Fund
Albert W. Gilchrist Scholarship
Arthur E Hamm Scholarship Fund
Ramsaur Memorial Fund
John G. & Fannie F. Ruge
Memorial Funds:
General William Loring Spencer
Memorial Scholarship Fund

Fund Balance as of June

Cash Investments

$ ................. $ ..... .... $


628.68 .........



8,630.35 10,000.00
1,18 1 .9 9 ..................... .

30, 1951

... .......... 127,421.85

........ ... .. ..... 127 ,4 2 1.8 5




Fund Balance as of June 30, 1952




$ ......... ....... .

646.28 ........................



$ 770.00*






23,789.36 10,000.00 33,789.36
3,197.97 ...... ....... .... 3,197.97

108.50 3,400.00 3,508.50


233.62 3,400.00



University of Florida (Cont'd)
Frank H. Wade Estate Fund
Cecil Willcox Memorial Scholar-
ship Fund
David Yulee Scholarship Fund
David Yulee Lectureship Fund
Florida State University:
John & Ida English Loan Fund
Albert W. Gilchrist Scholarship
Mrs. Sarah Levy Scholarship Fund
John G. & Fannie F. Ruge
Memorial Funds:
Estate of James D. Westcott
Florida School for the Deaf & Blind
Albert W. Gilchrist Scholarship
Florida Agricultural & Mechanical
Millard Caldwell Loan Fund
John & Ida English Loan Fund
Hart Hospital Fund
Mrs. Sara Levy Scholarship Fund
J. C. McMullen Scholarship Fund
Miscellaneous Gifts for A. & M.

Fund Balance as of June 30, 1951-

Cash Total
1,589.45 13,053.14








16.27 ...........



1,658.24 7,458.15









Fund Balance as of June 30, 1952

Cash Investments Total
1,253.14 11,800.00 13,389.45



16.27 ........................

380.31 10,000.00
373.90 ........................








6,000.00 7,658.24

21,977.81 .....................
110.80 ........................


175.00 175.00 ...............






Fund Balance as of June 30, 1952

Educational Opportunities for
Children of Deceased Veterans
Ex-Confederate Soldiers and Sailors
Home Endowment Fund
Racing Scholarship Fund
Regional Educational Program
Annual Payment to Accredited
Medical School
State Medical School Planning
Tufts Scholarship Fund-Principal
Tufts Scholarship Fund-University
of Florida
Tufts Scholarship Fund-Florida
State University


704.99 .... ....... ......
262,8 58.84 .......... ... .....





Investments Total

3,7 50.00 ..................

674 .99 ............. ..
260,046 .24 .......................
1,2 50.00 .... ......

..................... ...................... ..... 2 2 5 ,0 0 0 .0 0
.... .. .. ... ...... ........... .......... ....... 1 300 ,0 0 0 .0 0
2,491.05 4,500.00 6,991.05 3,113.30

39 7 .0 3 ................ ........

$ 495,006.17

$ 111,575.00
$ 111,575.00
$ 111,57 5.00


$ 479,159.32
$ 606,581.17


44 1.53 .......... ...


$ 720,627.81
$ 787,556.72

$..... 104,875.00
$ 104,875.00
$ 104,875.00






$ 825,502.81
$ 892,431.72

*General Revenue Appropriations
tTransferred to Florida A. & M. Hospital Construction Fund after June 30, 1951.
In addition to cash and investments, there is real estate with an estimated value of $105,500
*Real estate valuation increased to $118,122.00 due to exchange of property.

Fund Balance as of June 30, 1951


Interest and Sinking Fund Balance as of
June 30, 1952

Revenue Certificates

1938 Dormitory Issue
1948 Dormitory Issue
Florida Field Stadium
Student Hall
Total University of Florida
Dining Hall*
Landis Dormitory*
Bryan Hall (Recondition)
Senior Hall
1950 Revenue Certificate Issue
Total Florida State University
1938 Dormitory Issue
A. & M. Hospital

Total Florida A. & M. College

Total Board of Control-
Revenue Certificate Funds


$ 158,093.67

Cash Investments

$ 30,593.67 $ 127,500.00
185,092.63 ....... ....
264,922.96 127,500.00

8,644.31 42,500.00 51,144.311
3,503.69 96,000.00 99,503.69)
37,306.35 58,500.00 95,806.35
2,114.00 2,114.00
303.25 303.25
228,390.64 .......... 228,390.64
280,262.24 197,000.00 477,262.24



52,000.00 74,234.82
.... ... 5,556.51
.... .. 28,671.80





372,000.00 $ 41,000.00
3,628,000.00 125,000.00
550,000.00 42,000.00

392,422.96 6,548,000.00 208,000.00 6,340,000.00

404,000.00 114,000.00
58,000.00 21,000.00
115,000.00 9,000.00
200,000.00 12,000.00

5,087,000.00 156,000.00

202,000.00 31,000.00
60,000.00 8,000.00
425,000.00 16,000.00

687,000.00 55,000.00

$ 601,648.33 $ 376,500.00 $ 978,148.33 $ 12,322,000.00 $ 419,000.00 11,903,000.00








Gainesville, Florida
March 15, 1953



The Architect to the Board of Control has, during the 1950-52 biennium,
designed and supervised construction of the following buildings at the various
institutions under the Board of Control:

The following buildings were designed and contracts awarded:
Stairway Addition to Horticulture Building
Engineering and Industries Building
1951 R. 0. T. C. Unit
1951 Poultry Unit
Storage Building, Mobile Unit No. 3, Marianna
Office and Laboratory, Quincy
Residence for Beef Cattle Research Unit
Meats Laboratory, First Unit
Livestock Barn and Judging Laboratory
Small Dormitory for Women, Unit S 1
Student Hall

The total value of the work above enumerated at the University of Florida
amounts to $3,289,435.20.


The following buildings were designed and contracts awarded:
Residence Hall for Men
1950 Women's Dormitory
Student Activities Building
Three Dormitories for Men Group "A"
Three Dormitories for Men Group "B"
Two Dormitories for Men Group "C"
Extensions to Central Heating System
Extensions to Electrical Distribution System
1950 Library Addition
Recording Studios Music Building
The total value of the work above enumerated at Florida State University
amounts to $3,589,437.38.



The following buildings were designed and contracts awarded:
Storm Water Drainage West Campus
Underground Ducts and Manholes for Signal System
Repairs to Building T-2
The total value of work above enumerated at Florida Agricultural and
Mechanical College amounts to $32,484.49.


The following buildings were designed and contracts awarded:
Alteration to old Laundry Building
Dormitory for Negro Girls
The total value of the work above enumerated at Florida School for the
Deaf and the Blind amounts to $518,881.67.

Respectfully submitted,
Architect to the Board of Control


Sarasota, Florida

March 15, 1953



The two year period covered by this report has been one of continuing
growth and progress. In spite of the doubling of the entrance fee to the
Art Museum, the attendance has increased from 69,300 in 1949 (at 50 cents)
to 75,500 (at $1.00) in 1952; the attendance at the Residence from 37,600
in 1949, to 59,355 in 1952. There were 6,300 people who visited the Circus
Museum alone. There were 38,000 visitors to the Museum in 1952 on the
free Mondays. The gross receipts have increased from $81,342 in 1949, to
$147,709 in 1952.

The program of restoration and rehabilitation of the galleries has been
continued and made substantial progress. Jalousie windows were installed in
the south galleries, making a vast improvement in the lighting and ventilation,
and the walls of those galleries have been sheathed in wood and covered with
fabric in rich colors. This procedure is not only of great value in keeping
the pictures away from the destructive dampness of the plaster walls, but has
spectacularly enhanced the appearance of the pictures themselves.
Forty-five pictures have been cleaned and restored, the most important
of these being the Rembrandt Portrait of a Lady, and the two Rubens,
Flight of Lot and Pausias and Glycera. The Ringling pictures continue to be
in demand for important loan exhibitions all over the country, and even in
Europe. In this period, the collection was represented in sixteen important
shows, including one in Naples, Italy, and the Philadelphia Museum's
75th Anniversary Exhibition where the Rubens Flight of Lot won the public's
vote for the most popular picture in the show.


The most important single acquisition was the unique 18th century
theater from Asolo, Italy, which was installed in the former auditorium. (See
Activities, below). The painting collection was increased by the purchase of
eight 17th century pictures, outstanding among them being the large Tiepolo
fresco, Two Allegorical Figures. In addition, the Museum received as a gift
from Robert C. Paine and Mrs. Thomas N. Metcalf the El Greco, St. Martin
and the Beggar, valued at $60,000. The Circus Museum also benefited by
the purchase of the important Chambers Collection of original source material
on the circus, containing some 25,000 items, many of them very rare.



The installation of the 18th century theater, originally in the Castel of
Caterina Cornaro in Asolo, near Venice, was completed in February 1952.
It was opened with six gala performances of two 18th century operas, La Serva
Padrona by Pergolesi and Bastein et Bastienne by Mozart. The operas were
produced by Laszlo Halasz with singers from the New York City Opera Company.
The settings and costumes for the Pergolesi work were designed by Eugene
Berman, perhaps the foremost opera designer in this country at the present
time. Not only were the performances themselves enormously successful, but
the theater has been of the greatest interest to the museum visitors. In the
lobby, a small exhibition of theatrical material has been arranged to explain
further the historical and architectural significance of the theater and to
contribute to the visitors' enjoyment.
Six small loan exhibitions were held in the museum galleries during the
two winter seasons. The program of films from the Museum of Modem
Art Film Library was continued through 1950-51. Lectures by Pavel Tchelitchew
and John Kent Tilton, and four musical events in the Residence and the
Museum Court, three plays by students of Florida State University and Florida
Southern Cellege and the annual seminars held in conjunction with Florida
State University complete the list of special activities.

Three illustrated booklets were produced in this period: The House That
John and Mable Ringling Built, The Museum of the American Circus, and
The Asolo Theater. An Annual Bulletin was produced in 1950 and a catalogue,
Reflections of the Italian Comedy, 1951. A popular guide to fifty pictures
in the collection is ready for printing.

The Library in the Museum now contains over sixteen hundred volumes
on various phases of art history. These volumes are always authoritative and
often rare. It is open to all students and visitors who wish to consult books
on art and the hundreds of sales catalogues, art museum bulletins and related
material. Additional volumes are added every year.


During this biennium, news of the Ringling Museums has been spread
more widely than ever before, both through reports of visitors and by means
of material prepared here for dissemination. There has been particular interest
in the Asolo Theater. The museums have been mentioned in thousands of
newspapers throughout the country and abroad; in scores of magazines; on
radio stations including the Voice of America to Germany; in films, and in
talks to various groups.


Among the newspapers that have run features within this period are:
The New York Herald Tribune, the Baltimore Sun, the Winston-Salem
I Journal-Sentinel, the Hartford Times, Diario de la Marina in Havana, and
papers in Vienna and Salzburg, Austria. Among the important magazines
are: Time; Pic; Photograph Annual; House and Garden; Better Homes
Sand Gardens; Interior Design; Mademoiselle; McCall's; Metropolitan Opera
News; the publication of La Scala Opera, Milan, Italy; Radio TV; Hobbies;
Harpers Bazaar; and White Tops and other publications for circus fans.

For a summary of the financial activities of the John and Mable Ringling
Museum of Art, see exhibit "A" which follows.

Respectfully submitted:




Capital Outlay-Seawall

Total General Revenue

Interest of Trust Fund
Principal of Trust Fund*

Total Trust Fund


Fund Balance Receipts &
July 1, 1950 Appropriations


$ 229.04 $ 40,000.00 $ 40,229.04 $ 40,060.50
20,982.57 32,553.50 53,536.07 52,966.00





72,553.50 93,765.11



$ 479,914.56



S 730,727.28

Reverted to Fund Balance Receipts &
Expenditures General Revenue June 30, 1951 Appropriations

$ 168.54 $....................
570.07 .............. ... ...

93,026.50 738.61 .... ...... .........



$ 518,660.66

$ 738.61



$ 211,328.01

$ 30,000.00




$ 383,471.74


$ 30,000.00





Fund Balance
Expenditures June 30, 1952


66,046. 70.........



99,497.98 116,213.59
29,469.95 7.643.23
..... .... ....... .. 236,975.00t

128,967.93 360,831.82

195,014.63 399,785.12

*Under the terms of Mr. John Ringling's will, this fund must remain intact and only the interest used.
tIn addition to the cash balance, $800,000 was invested in government securities as of June 30, 1951.
fOn addition to the cash balance, $800,000 was invested in government securities as of June 30, 1952.


: I-



July 1, 1950 June 30, 1952

Presented By
President, The University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida






The Provost for Agriculture ----------

The Dean of the College of Agriculture .....------- --

The Director of the Agricultural Experiment Station ---

The Director of the Agricultural Extension Service .-----

The Dean of the College of Architecture & Allied Arts

The Dean of the College of Arts & Sciences --------.------

The Dean of the College of Business Administration --

The Dean of the College of Education .......------------..

The Dean of the College of Engineering -----

The Director of the Engineering & Industrial Experimen

The Dean of the Graduate School ------

The Director of the School of Journalism -------....

The Dean of the College of Law --- -----

The Dean of the College of Pharmacy ----------.--------

The Dean of the College of Physical Education, Health,

The Dean of the University College -- ----------------

The Dean of the General Extension Division -.......---

The Coordinator of Military Departments ------... ----

The Director of the Division of Music -.--------------

The Director of Alumni Affairs --------

S The Director of Athletics -......- .

The Business Manager ---------

The Director of the Cancer Research Laboratory

The Director of the Institute of Inter-American Affairs

The Director of Libraries .-. ------------------

The Acting Director of the Florida State Museum

The Director of the University of Florida Press _---- --

The Director of Public Relations -------------....





Director of Radio Station WRUF ----

Registrar ----------------------

Dean of Student Personnel ---------...... ---

University Examiner ---- ----




and At----


_ - - -


- - _- -

. . . . .

- - - - -


----------------------------- 5


...-------- 51

-.-.-------------- --.- 53

----- -- -- -- 74

-- -- 97

-.-.-.-.-.. ---..--- 104

.-- ..... .---- --- -......- 111

.-.-- ..... .---- 120

-..-- ---........ 123

on -.- ----135

.- .--------- ------- 166

---.-.------- 168

.------ .- ------- 171

---------.--------- 176

hletics -- 179

-------.--------- 183

----------.-------- 184

.-------...... ----... 190

.----- 191

-....-.-........------ 193

------ 194

--------- 199

-- 210


....- . 224


.................------ 229

.----.---....--------. 230

.-- ---------. 231

--------------.- 232


----. --........ --.------- --- 247

he Honorable,
The Board of Control of the State of Florida

We pause once again at this season of the year to make our biennial inventory.
indeed, to its credit that a wise Florida legislature many years ago envisioned the
ility of having institutions of higher learning render, through their governing
a periodic accounting of their activities, and included within the framework of
State's educational laws provision for the filing of biennial reports. This educational
-taking" is a healthy procedure. It serves the interests of the people of the State
3lrida and the Legislative bodies whose legislative enactments support the institu.
the governing boards who are charged with supervisory responsibility, the presi-
and administrative officers who have direct responsibility, and finally, the in-
onal, administrative, and research staffs whose labors and contributions are subject

The biennial reports constitute a cumulative record of day to day activities, efforts,
vements, discouragements, and yearnings of many people, all working for a com-
purpose-the education of Florida youth, and the building of a greater and better
rida. Viewed in this light, the reports assume a very special significance.

In reviewing the departmental reports of the University of Florida for the biennium
1, 1950 to June 30, 1952, one can measure the distance travelled and the goals at.
ked with a fair degree of accuracy. The cumulative story is, indeed, an interesting
The achievements are noteworthy. However, progress has not been made without
Nstantial sacrificial effort. Unfilled needs have necessitated devious and costly detours
M.d delays, and inevitably stand as road blocks to maximum progress.

I To the Chairman, Honorable Frank M. Harris, and members of the Board of Control,
9e are greatly indebted for patience, understanding and helpfulness in the solution of
at problems. To the Governor, Honorable Fuller Warren, and members of his cabinet;
ad to the heads of the several agencies with which we have had friendly and profitable
relations, we would express our deep gratitude for fullest cooperation at all times.

The rather remarkable record of achievement appended hereto could not have been
possible without the encouragement and support of these splendid public servants. It is,
therefore, with a sense of appreciation and also of pride that I present herewith the
Biennial Report of the University of Florida.

Respectfully submitted,
J. Hillis Miller, President
University of Florida


reviewing the work of the biennium ending June 30, 1952, certain high points of
hment and progress stand out boldly. Some have been accented by design;
have gained ascendency because of unexpected turns of events. Several experi-
projects have been acclaimed with greater enthusiasm than anticipated. Con-
le emphasis has been placed on research, graduate work, and the planning of a
medical center. One new and important unit has been added, the Institute of
logy, and the work of another has been expanded with a change of designation,
School of Inter-American Studies. I should like to review these items in some
while covering in briefer outline the work of the various academic and adminis-
units of the University. In doing this I respectfully invite the reader to turn
detailed reports of the deans, directors and other administrative officers, as sub-
to the President. There is no substitute for reading these reports if the reader
Sa dear picture of the progress of the University.


When World War II drew to a close, student enrollment at the University of Florida
a dramatic upward swing which was to place it within four brief years in the
of the largest state-supported institutions in the country. The peak was reached
year 1948-1949 when 11,340 students were enrolled in the regular academic session
6,643 in the summer sessions, making the total enrollment for the year 17,938. The
1949-1950 witnessed an even larger increase in the enrollment for the regular
to-wit, 11,709, but a slight tapering off during the summer session, with regis-
n standing at 5,927, gave a total for the year of 17,636.
Enrollments have declined slightly with the exodus of the G.I.'s who constituted the
of the post-war group. The decrease by 1952 over a four-year period was approxi-
y 2,000 under the peak total enrollment of the regular and summer sessions referred
above. The percentage decrease is considerably smaller than that experienced by the
ority of institutions of higher learning in the nation.
Six hundred and one women enrolled in the University of Florida in the fall of 1947,
First year the institution was made co-educational. In that year, and in the two
hequent years, the University rejected many applications because of the lack of
sing and other facilities to accommodate them. It was necessary for the University
lease a number of apartment buildings in the city to house the women students.
e old barracks at nearby Alachua Air Base served as housing quarters for many
Students. There were 1,659 women for the regular session of 1948-1949 and 1,458
the summer session of 1948; 2,033 women enrolled for the regular session of 1949-1950;
44 in the summer session of 1949; 2,433 women in the regular session, 1950-1951;
55 in the summer session of 1950; 2,532 in the regular session of 1951-52, and 1,232
h the summer session of 1951. (See Enrollment Report Appended as Exhibit 1.)


Because plant, housing and teaching facilities were sorely inadequate for a pre-war
enrollment of 3,500 students, the University administration and State Government were
Confronted with problems of first magnitude to provide for the trebling of the student
body. The utilities such as the electric system, the telephone system, sewerage disposal,
water supply, etc. were completely inadequate, and new installations became necessary,

which meant that the building program of the University had to start not at the surface
or ground level, but underground. A magnificent new sewerage treatment plant, with
a capacity of 700,000 gallons a day, an auxiliary sewerage treatment plant providing a
sanitary research laboratory, and a campus incinerator were among the first units to be
The State provided generously for new construction projects during the legislative
sessions immediately following World War II, and construction of buildings amount
to approximately $20,000,000.00 paid from State, Federal and auxiliary funds during t
period 1946-50. However, the 1951 session of the legislature adjourned without making
any provision for educational buildings. Despite the expenditures above noted, th
University has only about one-half of the educational space it needs for 10,000 student
In 1950, the University of Florida had 86 square feet per student, whereas the average
for other land grant colleges in the nation stood at 149 square feet per student.
A number of building projects in the previous biennium have been brought to
completion during the present biennium and some of the University's more pressing
needs have been met by renovations and additions made possible for the most part
from Federal and other sources.
In the spring of 1952, contracts were let for the erection of new student residential
halls costing $2,106,000.00 which will be financed almost entirely from the sale o
revenue certificates. Since funds were not provided by the State, it has been necessary
for the University to borrow money to erect these necessary housing facilities for its
students. This procedure has necessitated a general increase of rents for the residential
halls and is a real handicap to many worthy Florida students of moderate means whose
families are unable to meet the increased costs. With the completion of the new dormi-
tories, the University will then have permanent housing accommodations sufficient to ae-
commodate only 3,000 students. A minimum of 60% of the student body should be
accommodated on the campus in University residence halls. This means that the present'
available space should be doubled by the construction of new residence halls within the
near future.
The new ROTC Building, costing $210,000, affords good quarters for our important
military and air force units and will enable them to maintain their traditional record
of efficiency, which was seriously threatened with the inadequacy of space prevailing
during the past biennium. The renovation of Science Hall at a cost of $125,000 has
brought relief from an impossible overcrowded situation which developed when the hall
was declared unuseable.
A new official residence for the President of the University, now under construction,
has been made possible through savings from other housing and building projects on
campus. The completion of this residence will serve a useful purpose by providing a
place near campus where Alumni and friends of the University may gather from time to
time; for the entertainment on occasion of large segments of the faculty and student
body, and as a headquarters for distinguished guests of the University. Nothing can en-
hance the public relations of an institution or have more enduring influence in promot-
ing friendly relationship between administration, faculty and students than such a
congenial setting.
We are also pleased to report the acquisition of 830.1 acres of land during the
biennium at a cost of $58,305. (See complete list of buildings and land acquisitions ap-
pended as Exhibit 2.)


following statement of income by sources during the biennium covers the fiscal
ns of the University of Florida and its several important units:

1950 Amount 1951 % 1951 Amount 1952 %
and County Appropriations 9,720,762.00 60.06 10,148,431.82 59.89
SAppropriations 598,968.53 8.70 762,745.57 4.50
t Fees 1,886,314.55 11.65 1,426,096.98 8.42
Enterprises 3,053,619.39 18.87 2,933,282.69 17.81
and Grants from
private Sources 145,697.34 .90 457,897.53 2.70
tural Sales 303,111.74 1.87 554,221.63 3.27
and Services of
S educational Depts. 827,868.81 2.03 520,131.00 3.07
ent 8,548.13 .05 6,431.79 .04
eous 141,115.20 .87 135,921.67 .80
16,186,000.69 100.00 16,945,160.68 100.00

It should be pointed out that because of the shift in student enrollment from GI to
enrollment, there was a very substantial reduction in revenues from federal
a covering tuition fees of GI students in the last biennium. All educators and
ent agents realized that it would be necessary for the State governments to
rb the additional cost of education due to terminating federal funds, when the GI
had been reached and federal subsidies were no longer available.

Board of Control
The Board of Control was augmented during the biennium by two new members ap-
ited pursuant to legislation creating two additional congressional districts in Florida.
keeping with a commitment by the Honorable Fuller Warren, a woman was named
membership on the Board for the first time in history. Mrs. Alfred I. duPont of Jack-
ille was selected for this appointment and the selection met with instant response
all sections of the State in view of Mrs. duPont's well known interest in education and
wide business experience. The Honorable George W. English, a graduate of the
University of Illinois and Harvard University, and a prominent Fort Lauderdale banker
nd lawyer, was the second member to be added under the provisions of the new legisla-
tion. These members, together with the formerly constituted Board, have been ex-
needingly helpful in assisting the administration to solve numerous and difficult problems
arising from time to time.
The Board of Control has, within recent months, perfected policies and procedures
which not only will greatly simplify the presentation of recommendations by the admin-
stration, but which, in our opinion, will greatly add to the effective functioning of the
Board in its relationships with the various institutions of higher learning. Action upon
many trivial matters, which in the past required much time-consuming attention, has now
been delegated to the Secretary of the Board and to the administration. These small
items may now be cleared between Board meetings, thus avoiding delays. Interim actions
will, of course, be ratified at subsequent Board meetings.
The Board has also been instrumental in helping the University to evolve procedures
and fiscal policies for the handling of its vast business operations. In cooperation with
the Business Office, a modern and up-to-date accounting system has been installed, which
we feel will have lasting benefits.

Departmental biennial reports seem to stress Faculty and Staff Improvement more.
than any other feature of the academic-research profile of the biennium. Rotation of
membership on the University Personnel Board twice annually brings constant new
thinking and concentration on personnel and faculty nominations. Department heads
have become aware of the fact that their candidates will be scrutinized by an impartial
University-wide group who have no favors to ask nor axes to grind. They consider each
nominee not only from a standpoint of adaptation and suitability in the department con-
cerned, but to the entire University community of scholars. There is a realization that
the reputation of the University is affected with each appointment. If the candidate has
a high and scholarly reputation, his coming will enhance the reputation not only of his
college, school or department, but that of the University. The reverse would apply to
poorly prepared or trained candidates. The same is no less true of the research staff.
Money invested in incompetent research workers is money wasted.
Consequently, there has been a careful plan of selectivity with respect to new per-
sonnel. We wish time and space permitted a detailed list of the scholarly individuals
who have been brought to the University during the biennium. Moreover, numerous
members of the staff have pursued further graduate or post-graduate work in the great
graduate centers of the nation and there is not a single unit which has not boasted of
one or more staff members completing or undertaking work on their doctor's or master's
Improved salary scales have gone far in retaining many of our most promising
younger faculty members and men of science and have enabled the University to compete
for the services of outstanding rather than mediocre teachers and researchers. While
the present salary scale has improved the position with respect to competition among
Southern institutions, it still falls far short of permitting free competition for staff re-
cruitment among the majority of the great colleges and universities of the nation. To
this end, we propose to bend our every effort in the new biennium. We are hopeful that
a far-sighted people will not be satisfied with less than the best trained personnel obtain-
able to teach the youth and future citizens of this great State and to continue in the
development of its great natural resources.
Modern society in both peace and war depends upon scientific studies in basic prob-
lems in a great variety of fields. Unfortunately for the nations of the world and the
human race, much more attention has been devoted during the past century and especially
during the past three and a half decades (which embrace World War I and World War
II) to scientific studies and research relating to war and war activities than to those areas
revolving around the social sciences and the humanities. Many of the staff members
of the University of Florida are interested in pure, i.e., basic or fundamental research
in their particular fields of endeavor. It would be difficult to predict the possible future
uses of knowledge derived from this fundamental research. Utilitarian aspects are usually
left for future consideration.
Present international tensions have induced a great interest on the part of the Fed-
eral government and many industries in both basic and applied research in practically
all the fields covered by the staff of a modern university. These Federal agencies have
set aside certain funds for applied research and other funds for fundamental research,
of which the University of Florida has been a recipient in rather large measure.
The University of Florida has offered the use of its staff and facilities for the benefit
of the nation in this period of tension. In addition to our teaching responsibilities, we

made substantial contributions to the advancement of knowledge in both funda-
and applied research related to national defense. There is every evidence that
type of service will be greatly expanded.
anticipation of and preparation for our own larger participation in research activ-
'we named a Committee on Research Contracts in the spring of 1951 consisting of
owing people: John S. Alien, Chairman; Ralph E. Page, R. B. Eutsler, R. A.
J. Wayne Reitz, with Stanley L. West and George F. Baughman as ex officio
s. This Committee has developed procedures for handling research proposals
ted by staff members of the University of Florida. It advises staff members
r or not the University will'be prepared to make an application to a corporation
1 federal agency for particular research projects, assists staff members in preparing
s for submission to the appropriate agencies, and gives assistance to persons
ted by the University to follow these proposals through to final consideration by
,various agencies. This action provided the initiative and channel through which
t and unusual proposals came to light, sometimes from unexpected sources.
During the two-year period under review, the University has greatly expanded its
ch activities. It has received grants from the Federal government, research
ets and grants in aid from private sources amounting to nearly two million
ar. The research programs have, in fact, been carried on largely from non-State
ial sources.
Closely allied to our research program is the matter of patents and copyrights. In-
sed research has logically resulted in more and more patentable proposals. After
screening by our Research Council, the most promising proposals are processed
patent applications. Several patents have been issued in recent years but the Uni-
Ity and inventors were handicapped because of the inadequate outlets or means of
iing the new patented processes or discoveries. Fortunately, a contractual arrange-
t with the Research Corporation was consummated during the biennium which pro.
an excellent channel through which patent applications may be processed and also
sed of, if subsequent patents are issued by the Patent Office. The Research Cor-
ration is nationally known, and has wide contact with American industry. We antici-
that our contract and patent relationship with it will prove very fruitful in the years
d. Suffice to say, the biennium has witnessed an almost phenomenal upsurge in
rch activities on the campus of the University of Florida. The volume and quality
-work has been equalled by only a relatively few institutions in the nation.
A true University is both a center of learning and a center for increasing knowledge.
ere is no adequate measure of the contribution which the University research has
de to a more effective teaching program, to an expansion of the frontier of knowledge,
4 to the practical solutions of everyday problems. Suffice to say that a formidable
st of research projects, concluded during the past four years, and others that are being
instantly studied, have done much to make the University of Florida a significant factor
the lives of the people of Florida and in the progress of the State. Research papers,
icles, and books published, within the period 1949-1951, total 1,506 while graduate
ses total 634 in number. These publications are indicative of the constructive effort
which has been put into this important phase of the University's functions.
SAs we have already indicated, detailed departmental reports will accompany and be
made a part of this biennial report. However, I should like to present in brief summary
Rte high points of our academic and research programs as revealed by the deans and
Directors of the professional schools and research divisions.


University College
In view of the fact that the University College serves the entire University in
all students are required to complete the first two years of undergraduate work in
University College before proceeding to the College of Arts and Sciences or special
tion in the professional schools, we shall review the program of this college first.
Two years ago the University College reported its part in the National Evaluation
General Education as conducted by the American Council on Education. This work
moved along in a desirable way. The College has sent six faculty members to the
tional workshop this summer.
In the midst of re-examining materials of study, it appears desirable to indicate
creative work that has come from members of the College staff. Only the books
textbooks of such import that they have been published by the leading publish
companies of the country are cited:
The Social Science staff, under the able leadership of its Chairman William
Carleton, has published thirty or more articles concerning the work of this area in lea
ing periodicals the country over. The other staff groups also have published m
articles. Dr. Carleton and Dr. Hanna are under contract with the Dryden Press for
social science textbook for college use in 1953. Dr. Carleton is also under contract wi
the same publishing firm for an American cultural and anthropological history.
Lewis Historical Publishing Company of New York has just completed a two-volum
500,000 word, history of Florida by J. E. Dovell, a staff member. Arthur L. Funk,
other staff member, has just completed editing a source book in modern European hi
tory to be published this coming winter by the American Book Company. Dr. Geor
C. Osborn has just published a book manuscript covering the life of James K. Vardamo
of Mississippi. Mr. Samuel Proctor has published with the University of Florida Pree
a biography of Napoleon Bonaparte Broward. He is currently at work on a history
the University of Florida to be published in June 1953. Another staff member, Dr. Osca
Svarlien, has finished his manuscript of a textbook in international law, to be published
this coming spring by the McGraw-Hill Company. Dr. Clyde B. Vedder is currently a
work on a textbook in criminology to be published by the Dryden Press.
Dr. L. W. Gaddum, the Chairman of the Physical Science group, with Dr. Knowle
has completed the manuscript for a physical science textbook for publication by Houg
ton Mifflin Company in 1953. Dr. Elliott, a staff member of this group, has complete
the manuscript for a high school text to be published by Harper Brothers Publishin
Company in 1952. This staff too has a number of leading articles appearing in national
Dr. J. Hooper Wise and his colleagues in the English division have just received
(1952) from Harcourt, Brace and Company College English: the First Year. This monui
mental work of nearly 1,000 pages collects in one volume the materials for a complete
course in freshman English. An exercise manual accompanies the volume. The Uni-i
versity of Florida Press is publishing this year J. E. Congleton's book, Theories of Pasi
toral Poetry in England. Stephen F. Fogle of this same staff had A Brief Anthology of
Poetry published by American Book Company in 1951. The University of Oklahoma
Press published A Petroleum Dictionary by staff member Lalia P. Boone. Wise, Congle-
ton, and Morris are completing the revised edition of Meaning in Reading to be pub-
lished by Harcourt, Brace and Company in 1953.
Dr. Robert F. Davidson, Chairman of the Humanities division, has just received from
the Dryden Press (1952) his new text for use this fall, Philosophies Men Live By. Pro*

A. D. Graeffe's text Creative Teaching in the Humanities, published by Harpers in
has been highly praised and widely discussed.
new revised text Man and the Biological World by Rogers, Hubbel, and Byers
by McGraw-Hill in 1952 will be ready for class use the coming semester. We
mention here that two members of this biology group, Dr. Berner and Dr. Carr,
leave working for the British Military Government on an entomological problem.
have stressed in previous biennial reports one of our primary aims-the develop-
of an outstanding Graduate School on the campus of the University of Florida. I
eased to report substantial progress in this direction, though we still lag in some
a. With the retirement of Dr. Thomas M. Simpson on July 1, 1951, following
and notable service of 34 years as Head Professor of Mathematics, thirteen of
were coupled with the deanship of the Graduate School, the administration of the
te School was entrusted to Dr. C. F. Byers as Acting Dean, pending a search for
sor to Dean Simpson. It may be said that the nation was canvassed with a view
ing the most able person available for this important position. We were exceed-
fortunate in securing Dr. L. E. Grinter, formerly Vice President and Dean of the
te Division of Illinois Institute of Technology, who will assume his responsibili-
beginning August 1, 1952. Our expanding program of research, which is gaining
n-wide attention, and which we have dealt with in another section of this report,
ded top-level direction by an outstanding man of research, training and experience.
rdingly, Dr: Grinter was appointed to the dual role of Dean of the Graduate School
Director of Research, his qualifications being ideal for this double responsibility.
Grinter is a native of Kansas, and after receiving an undergraduate degree at the
versity of Kansas, was awarded the M. S. and Ph. D. degrees at the University of
is. He returned to the University of Kansas to receive the degree of Civil Engi-
g in 1930. He holds membership in many educational societies, and is author of
erous scientific monographs and a half dozen books in the fields of structural
sneering and mechanics. Dr. Grinter has been consultant to the Board of Control
Southern Regional Education, and is now a member of the Board's Commission on
uate Studies which has its headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia.
In April of 1950 a Graduate Advisory Committee, consisting of representative faculty
ers, was appointed to study the graduate administrative procedure of the University
to evaluate the graduate program. Dr. Byers rendered service above and beyond
call of duty in supervising and pressing the work of this Committee. The Graduate
cil approved reports and recommendations of the Committee establishing the duties
the Graduate School, Graduate Council, and the Graduate Dean. In fact, the entire
administrative machinery has been reorganized and the Graduate School has been made
Wponsible for the overall university standards for graduate work and coordination
Bong the programs of the various colleges and divisions of the University. The re-
ponsibility for the details of the graduate programs is now vested in the respective
alleges and divisions through their deans and established graduate administrative de-
tees. A graduate faculty has been designated and a policy established relative to such
utters as staff loads, appointment of the Graduate Council, supervisory committees,
Mdget, admission, registration, and candidacy.
The following areas were approved during the biennium to offer the degree of Doctor
d Philosophy: agricultural economics, Inter-American Area Studies, pharmaceutical
chemistry, plant pathology, sociology (Latin American), and soils. The doctoral pro.


gram in speech and business administration has been expanded to include new arei
The Graduate School now offers the master's degree in fifty-one fields and the Ph.D.
twenty-four, as well as the Doctor of Education degree.
Enrollment for graduate study continued to expand during the first year of th
biennium with 2,863 students in the year 1950-51 and 1,629 students in the summer sessis
of 1951. The second year of the biennium showed only a slight decline in enrollment
with 2,257 students registered for 1951-52 and 1,274 registered for the 1952 summer se
sion. During the biennium, 922 masters, 11 Doctors of Education, and 47 Doctor 4
Philosophy degrees were conferred.
Sample illustrations of progress in graduate work and of methods used by the seven
colleges and schools in implementing the reorganization of the Graduate School ar
interesting at this point.

The Dean of the College of Agriculture states:
During the biennium there was a considerable increase in enrollment of
graduate students. Facilities and staff were taxed to the utmost to offer the
desired quality of training on the graduate level. One hundred and sixty
graduate degrees were awarded to students majoring in some phase of agri-
culture as follows: 77 Master of Agriculture, 45 Master of Science in Agri-
culture, 32 Master of Science and 6 Doctor of Philosophy degrees. At the
beginning of the biennium the Doctorate was being offered in Frit Produc-
tion, Vegetable Production, and Animal Nutrition only. Farm Management,
Agricultural Marketing, Plant Pathology and Soils qualified as additional
areas for offering this degree. The Department of Agronomy has submitted
its proposal for offering the Doctorate to the Graduate Council for considera-
tion. There are several areas in the College of Agriculture where the staff
is well qualified to offer work leading to this degree, but laboratory facilities
and equipment are the limiting factors for making the request up to the present
time. It is the hope that these handicaps may be overcome at the earliest
practicable date. Many well qualified students are being turned down and
sent to other graduate schools because of this lack of physical essentials for
high quality training.

The Dean of the College of Architecture and Allied Arts reports:
The graduate work of the Department of Architecture is substantial in
quantity and scholarly in quality. Graduate work in Architecture, first
undertaken in 1929, is at the highest level of any school in the South. In
the important work in Community Planning, four candidates are working on
their Master's degrees. In Building Construction, established in 1948, an
unusually high level of scholarship is evident. In this fundamental field,
graduate courses have recently been instituted to provide means of study of
advanced building technology, and research work has been added to encour-
age experimental studies.
The work of students in the new graduate program in the Department
of Art has been of distinguished character. This program, organized in
1950, has developed remarkably and is meeting a previously unfilled need
in Florida. During the biennium the graduate degree, Master of Fine Arts,
has been awarded to seven candidates.

SThe Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, in speaking of the new graduate
ization, says:
S The College of Arts and Sciences has assumed its obligations under this
new plan for the organization of graduate work at the University of Florida
.. The Office of the Dean is in the process of setting up a record system
for the keeping of detailed academic records of graduate students, determin-
ing admissions, effecting registration, and processing other routine matters.
Graduate student advisement is being organized in terms of assigning re-
sponsibility to department heads or their departmental graduate committees
or advisors.
The responsibility of the College Curriculum Committee has been en-
larged to include all matters of graduate curricula. This organization permits
a single agency of the college to evaluate and approve the total programs
of instruction of each department.
The Dean of the College of Business Administration reports:
The number of graduate students was few before the second World War,
but the enrollment rose to 57 in 1948-49, 76 in 1950-51, and 72 in 1951-52.
S Admissions already approved for the year 1952-53 indicate that the enroll-
ment for the coming year will be as high, if not higher than during
the past two years. Of the graduate students registered during the year 1951-
52, 18 were candidates for the Ph.D. degree, 9 the M.A. degree, and 35 the
M.B.A. degree.... Three M.B.A. and M.A. degrees were conferred in June,
1952. One Ph.D. degree will probably be conferred in June, 1952. One
Ph. D. degree will probably be conferred in August, 1952. Several candidates
for the Ph.D. degree have completed all course and language requirements
for the doctorate and expect to receive their degrees during 1952-53.
In order to accommodate the increased demand for graduate work, the
College has broadened its offerings in the graduate field. Fifty-eight graduate
courses are now offered in various fields. Offerings in the following fields
provide sufficiently broad training for the Ph. D. candidates in accounting,
economic theory, finance, foreign trade, insurance, labor, public finance,
management, marketing, real estate, transportation, and public utilities.

SThe Dean of the College of Education reveals that in 1952, the number of students
receiving advanced degrees or certificates exceeded the number receiving bachelor de-
grees, and introduces the following figures by way of substantiation:
1950-51 1951-52 Total
Bachelors -- 262 232 494

Masters ---- -- 189
Doctorates -------- 8
*Post Graduate Certificates 38
**Advanced Post Graduate
Certificates 22 257
*Thirty-six semester hours graduate work
**Master's degree plus 36 hours graduate work

34 301

The Dean of the College of Engineering says:
Instruction on the graduate level has been enriched by the procurement
of additional staff members who are experts in certain phases of Chemical

Engineering. Since July, 1950, two students have met the requirements for
the Doctor of Philosophy degree with major work in chemical engineering.
A graduate program in both Sanitary and Structural Engineering leading to
the Ph. D. degree in these fields has been developed and awaits formal ap-
proval. Ten courses at the graduate level are offered by the Department of
Engineering Mechanics. These are taken for major credit by graduate
students pursuing work toward a Master's degree in Engineering Mechanics
and also for minor credit by graduate students in other fields of engineering
or science. It is planned to introduce additional graduate courses in the
future as additional staff is added, and ultimately build up these offerings,
staff, and equipment to enable offering a doctorate in this field.

The Dean of the College of Pharmacy reports:
During the past two years, graduate degrees granted by the College
were 15 Master of Science degrees and 5 Doctor of Philosophy degrees.

Dr. Robert D. Calkins, Director of the General Education Board, in his annual
report for 1951, reviews fifty years of education in the South and points so clearly to
certain factors with which we are concerned that they bear repetition here: "To look
back over the progress that has been made in southern education is itself an invitation
to look forward to the next half century," he says, and adds:
In the path ahead are a number of serious obstacles that an ambitious
South can ignore only at great penalty to its own future. One of these is
the failure of the Southern people to recognize fully that really good educa-
tion is the bootstrap by which they can and must lift themselves. The mind,
more than any other human resource, is the power from which progress
proceeds. In a nation that demands ever greater and greater educational
qualifications, the South can overtake the national procession only by devel-
oping its intellectual resources as rapidly as possible, and this requires a
speeding up of its educational advance .. In recent years, the South has
taken a new interest in expanding and strengthening its graduate instruc-
tion . it is now recognized that the South has lagged behind the nation
in this branch of education, and that a catching up is necessary if the rap-
idly developing South is to obtain the manpower required for its own
progress. The result has been a great multiplication of graduate programs
... The South undoubtedly needs more graduate facilities and more students
in graduate schools. Unless it builds strong programs and maintains high
standards of preparation, however, the benefits will be meagre and the result
may be to weaken rather than strengthen the educational system.
The new Dean of the Graduate School will not be bound by any traditional adminis-
trative procedures or experimental work undertaken to date, but will be given every
opportunity to consider every aspect of the graduate program and to make recommen-'
dations relative to further reorganization or implementation of the existing programs.
It is significant to point out that the addition of two wings to our Central Library
at a cost of approximately $2,000,000, and the enlargement of our Library holdings were
designed at least in part to meet the requirements of an expanding graduate program.
We like to point with pride to the fact that within a decade, the University of Florida Li-
brary has risen from 13th to 7th place among 40 college and university libraries in the south-
ern states with respect to volumes, and has risen from 7th to 1st place, within the same

period, in annual expenditures for new acquisitions. Today it stands 16th among 22
selected college and university libraries in the nation with respect to holdings, and 9th
with respect to total library expenditures. We propose to move forward in the national
group within the coming decade as we have in the southern group within the past decade.
If a personal reference is not inappropriate, the President of your University has
been serving as Chairman of the Committee on Graduate Studies for the Southern
Regional Board of Education during the past year and, together with selected members
of the staff, has given a great deal of time and study to graduate problems, not only of
the University but of the southern region generally. He is prepared to say that there
is nothing of greater importance to the ongoing of the University and hence to the
ongoing progress of the State than a continuous emphasis upon our graduate program.



February June Summer
School Year 1st Sem. 2nd Sem. Summer Master DEd PhD Master DEd PhD Master DEd PhD









































8 130

7 146

2 134

0 82

0 47

1 25

2 12

1 30

0 24

1 26


Since assuming the presidency of the University of Florida, only a few statements
have been made by me touching upon the need and character of health education
services for the State. The most important of these statements may be summarized as
follows: (a) the State of Florida needs a program of health education at the higher and
professional level; (b) if such a center is established, it should be of the highest quality;
(c) it should be established at the seat of our great state university where so many
ancillary scientific, library, and educational facilities are already available, and (d)
it should not be established at the expense of the needs for our existing professional
schools and colleges.
In connection with this statement, it was emphasized that medical, dental and nursing
education are the most difficult kinds of education to establish on a sound and lasting
basis. We are dealing here with the health of our people and with the conditions under
which they remain healthy and under which they are treated when they are ill. This
is not a matter with which we deal in a superficial manner. The worst thing in the
world is to establish a poor medical school, which can so easily happen if in its estab-
lishment we do not first assess the health needs of the State and the need for adequate
physical facilities in order that the school will meet the specific health problems of our
The time has come when we should move in on this problem in a thorough-going and
intelligent way. The Legislature of the State of Florida has not only given us a mandate
to go forward toward a solution of this problem, but over the last few years, it has dem-
onstrated the care with which we should proceed. In this connection, a historical state-
ment would seem to be in order.
In 1945 the Florida Legislature provided, under Senate Concurrent Resolution Num-
ber 3, for a comprehensive study and survey of education in the State of Florida. Honor-
able Millard F. Caldwell, then Governor of Florida, by Executive Order, appointed a
committee, known as the Florida Citizens Committee on Education, to make a compre-
hensive study and survey of education in Florida, including medical education, and to
report the findings and conclusions of their study. This Citizens Committee consisted of
a number of Florida's outstanding citizens from all sections of the State.
The Citizens Committee filed its report in March 1947, and under Chapter XXIII
devoted to Education in Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Nursing, reached the con-
clusion, after considering all sites in the state proposed by persons interested in a medical
school, that such a school should be located at the University of Florida in Gainesville.
At the 1947 session of the Florida Legislature, House Resolution 43 and Senate Reso-
lution 16, authorized and directed "the Board of Control and the State Board of Educa-
tion to make a survey and investigation and report thereon with reference to the
establishment of a medical and dental college in the State of Florida." In October 1948,
pursuant to the above-mentioned resolutions, the Board of Control and the State Board
of Education of Florida appointed a Committee to make a Medical Survey and selected
as director of this Committee, Dr. Vernon W. Lippard, then Dean of the School of Medi-
cine, Louisiana State University, New Orleans, and now Dean of the Medical School of
the University of Virginia. The Report of the Director of the Survey and Advisory Com-
mittee was filed February 1, 1949. The Committee strongly recommended the location
of the Medical School at Gainesville.
The 1949 session of the Legislature passed a bill designating the University of Florida
at Gainesville as the site for the State Medical School. The bill was Senate Bill 329

entitled "A Bill to be entitled an act to create and establish a school of medicine and
nursing at the University of Florida." The companion House Bill was No. 537.
The 1951 Session of the Legislature appropriated the sum of $100,000 to defray the
cost of initial plans for a medical center at the University of Florida and, upon the
request of the Board of Control and with the approval of the State Budget Commission,
this sum has been released for the purpose intended.
Following the designation of the University of Florida as the site of the new medical
school, the Board of Control and the University officials, through the Florida State Im-
provement Commission, sought funds from the Federal government for the development
of plans for the school. The Federal government made an initial contribution of $10,000
for further study of the overall needs for medical education in the State, and Dr. Vernon
W. Lippard, already identified as chairman of the Survey Committee and now Dean of
the Medical School of the University of Virginia, and Dr. Basil C. MacLean, Director of
the Strong Memorial Hospital, the University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, were
invited to serve as consultants and to give consideration to the type of medical school or
medical center that might be established, with the understanding that a further report
would be made to the Federal government and that the additional money would be
sought to complete the plans.
In a memorandum prepared after consultations with the Board of Control architects,
and representatives of the State Improvement Commission, it was recommended that the
medical center be developed as an integrated unit for instruction of medical, nursing and
other health personnel, for the care of all types of short term illness of hospitalized and
ambulatory patients and for research. In addition to the major clinical services of a
community hospital, it should embrace all the specialties or sub-specialties and be pre-
pared as a teaching hospital to accept a higher than average percentage of complicated
cases. The comprehensive services offered should include a dental clinic, pending the
development of a dental school. There should be a division of psychiatry, not for the
custodial care of psychotic patients but for the treatment of emotionally disturbed
patients, including alcoholics. Such a center would permit many opportunities for re-
search in various fields.
Cancer research, the report went on to say, which is now being carried on in temporary
quarters at the University (and which has already attracted over $200,000 from private
sources), could be more intense and productive if supplemented by clinical or hospital
facilities. The study of degenerative diseases (which would relate the Medical Center
to the Institute of Gerontology now in operation at the University) is another field which
claims more attention as the average span of life increases. Facilities for the use of
radioactive isotopes (now being used in connection with cancer and other research at
the University) in diagnosis and treatment, and for modern care of infantile paralysis
and other communicable diseases should also be provided.
Notwithstanding the excellent spade work which has been done to date, other vital
steps seemed necessary to assure the people of this State that the medical program
which it is embarking upon is the very best from the standpoint of need, economy and
finance, and sound medical principles and objectives. An additional study was essential
before the State could be ready to define its health objectives, to blueprint its physical
plant, to determine its curriculum in the several health disciplines, to design its labora-
tories, and to determine its medical research program. Such an overall study required
an allocation of funds, which I am pleased to advise were provided by the Commonwealth

Fund in the amount of $96,500. Leading medical men of the State have been called upon
for consultation and advisory service, and their services have been generously offered.
Following receipt of the Commonwealth grant, Dr. Russell S. Poor of the National
Science Foundation was persuaded to take a year's leave of absence in order to direct
the study. Dr. Poor has specialized in the natural sciences and received a Doctor of
Philosophy degree from the University of Illinois. In recent years, he has been Director
of the University Relationships for Oak Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies, and therefore
has a rich background of experience for undertaking the survey. Dr. John M. Maclachlan,
head of the University's Sociology Department, has been relieved of his duties to serve
as Chief of Staff for the Commonwealth Fund Survey.
An Executive Committee of leading United States educational and medical experts
and a sixteen-man medical advisory board have been appointed to serve as consultants
and to assist with the survey.
It is contemplated that the study will point up definite proposals, which may be
available for the consideration of the 1953 session of the Legislature.
The State Medical School should be considered the apex of the medical care program
of the State and the members of the staff should be able to assist practitioners throughout
the State. Ways and means of establishing such a consultation service will be a major
consideration in the study. The advisability of establishing a tropical medical depart-
ment, the availability and means of selection of a competent medical staff, the formulation
of up to the minute graduate and pre-medical curricula, the administrative orientation
of the center in the structure of the University are illustrative phases to be studied.

School of Inter-American Studies
The University of Florida for more than two decades has assumed a leading role in
the field of inter-American cultural relationships. The Institute of Inter-American Affairs,
which came into existence in 1930, was superseded during the biennium by the School of
Inter-American Studies. We were fortunate in securing Dr. A. Curtis Wilgus, Professor
of Hispanic-American history at George Washington University, and long a well-known
exponent of Inter-American relations, as Director of the School. The School aims to
foster intelligent understanding and mutual appreciation among the peoples of the
Western Hemisphere. The School undertakes to stimulate specific studies on subjects
common to the Americas, to encourage research projects and publications dealing with
Latin America, to stimulate interchange among the Americas of lecturing professors and
other specialists. and to advance inter-American interests in all fields of human endeavor.
The School is a service division of the University, having its own administrative
officers. but no faculty of its own. The faculty serving the school includes those members
of the faculties of the various departments and colleges who are engaged in teaching
courses having inter-American content.
Two annual Caribbean conferences have been sponsored by the School. Program
participants have included a roster of eminent diplomats, scholars, business men, and
government officials well known in two continents by virtue of their contributions and
interest in Latin-American affairs. The University's leadership in this area of activity,
so natural to Florida because of its geographical location, is recognized as outstanding.
As the nation comes more and more to realize the dependency of North and South Amer-
ica upon each other and the urgency of Western Hemispheric solidarity in the uncertain
years ahead, this program will begin to bear fruit. Meantime, the foundation stones
have been laid and the structure of a very important program of International relations

in the area of Latin American affairs is rising at the University of Florida. No person
can now foresee the ultimate importance and destiny of this program.
To date, special master's degree and/or doctor's degree programs with inter-American
emphasis are available in many disciplines, including architecture, art, business, eco-
nomics, geography, history, international affairs, language and literature, Latin American
area studies, political science, sociology, Spanish, and certain areas of agriculture, animal
industry, biology, education, and engineering. Other areas in which regular graduate
programs also are offered and in which one or more courses having specific Latin Amer-
ican content or application are available are anthropology, botany, journalism, pharmacy,
public administration, and zoology.
You are invited to examine with care the more detailed report of the Director.

The College of Agriculture, The Agricultural Experiment Station, The Agricultural
Extension Service, and the School of Forestry
The College of Agriculture (including the School of Forestry), the Agricultural Ex-
periment Stations, and the Agricultural Extension Service continued during the biennium
to improve the quality of services rendered to the ever-expanding agricultural and for-
estry economy of the State. By conducting agricultural and forestry research, training
men in agricultural and forestry sciences, and disseminating the findings of research
throughout the length and breadth of the State, these closely coordinated units of the
University continue to pay rich dividends.
The College of Agriculture, including the School of Forestry, has made progress in
training young scientists to serve the varied demands of the expanding and increasing
technical agricultural and forestry industries. During the biennium 415 and 61 bachelor
degrees were awarded in agriculture and forestry, respectively. In agriculture 154 mas-
ter's degrees were awarded and in forestry, there were 9. At the beginning of the
biennium only two departments offered the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. In these two
departments, six doctoral degrees were awarded.
To provide for further training at the graduate level, three additional departments
have now qualified for offering the doctorate. This graduate program would not be
possible without full cooperation between the College and the staff of the Agricultural
Experiment Station.
Emphasis is being placed on improving the quality of instruction and evaluating cur-
ricular offerings. Two new curricula have been developed for training students to
qualify for the highly specialized work in the citrus industry. A forest products tech-
nology curriculum has been added to meet the growing demand for specialists in
wood-using industries.

Agricultural Extension Service
As the off-campus education arm of the total agricultural program of the University,
the Agricultural Extension Service performs a vital function. Without the Agricultural
Extension Service results of research findings would lie dormant and ineffective. With
it farmers, homemakers, and forest operators are kept currently informed in the latest
scientific developments coming from the Agricultural Experiment Station and federal
and private agencies.
Today 64 of Florida's 67 counties have county agents and 47 have home demonstration
agents. Seventeen specialists serve as the link between county and home agents and
sources of research information. In 1949, 87,820 Florida families were served by some

of the Agricultural Extension program and in 1951 the number increased to 93,305.
and girls enrolled in 4-H Club work increased from 26,095 to 28,695 in the same
2These increased demands on the extension service reflects a rapidly growing State,
rapidity with which new research discoveries are being made, and in increasing
r of requests for assistance on gardening and homemaking coming from urban
rs and people on retirement.
jacreased demands on the Agricultural Extension Service have not been met with a
ponding increase in personnel to handle the work. The result has been greater
to supply information on problems of immediate concern at some expense to an
sive program in agriculture and home economics designed to meet problems of a
term nature. There are serious gaps in the corps of extension specialists. These
must be filled if Florida families are to receive maximum benefit from all that is
wn about their agricultural and home economics problems.

Situral Experiment Stations-Research
Inasmuch as Florida's economy over the years has been largely dependant upon agri-
iture, vast segments of the Florida population are, of necessity, vitally interested in
organized agricultural research programs conducted by the Agricultural Experiment
ions. The effect of agricultural experimentation conducted by the University of
rida has revolutionized Florida's economy and has greatly enhanced the wealth of the
te. It has placed the State in a most favorable position with respect to per capital
me among the states of the Union. Cash income to Florida farmers, citrus growers,
e owners, vegetable producers and allied interests amounted to less than $250,000,000
r annum two decades ago. Today income from these sources is about one-third of the
tal income of the State, and has reached almost astronomical figures by comparison
dth a decade or two decades ago, to-wit, $1,000,000,000.00 per annum.
The people of Florida will, therefore, be interested in a brief resume of some of the
er developments of the Agricultural Experiment Station during the past two years.
any problems have been investigated and are being investigated separately or coopera-
ly by the twelve departments of the Main Station at Gainesville, by the nine branch
tions in the several localities of the State, and by the five field laboratories of the
sttion's system. Two hundred thirty-seven active projects are now under consideration
iind study.
SAt the main station in Gainesville, a dairy research unit has been completed except
for certain auxiliary buildings, and has been placed in full operation. A beef research
mnit is being developed on a tract of 700 acres where most of the area was cleared, miles
of fences built, some necessary buildings constructed, and a herd of cattle acquired for
the research project. A new poultry unit, complete but for an office and classroom build-
lng, consisting of laying houses, skid houses, breeding houses, a laboratory building, and
a superintendent's cottage, has been established; a meats laboratory and a livestock
pavilion are nearing completion, including a tobacco-curing barn, and several small
greenhouses for plant virus research, were provided for the Veterinary Science, Agron-
omy, Plant Pathology, and other departments.
During the biennium, the Suwannee Valley Station at Live Oak was activated and
another unit, officially named the Indian River Field Laboratory, was established, to-
gether with buildings and equipment near Fort Pierce for research on citrus, vegetable


and field crop in that area. This laboratory is operated jointly by the Citrus Station for
citrus research, and the Everglades Station for vegetable and farm crop research.
Intensive frost and weather forecasting service was conducted in cooperation with
the United States Weather Bureau covering the whole of the Florida peninsula. In the
administration of the forecasting and temperature survey work, the peninsula is sub-
divided into ten field districts with a meteorologist in charge of each district under the
supervision of a central Lakeland office. These ten districts were equipped with a total
of 400 temperature survey stations, all in operation during the biennium, most of which
were equipped with thermometers and thermographs so that the duration of critical
temperatures could be measured.
Research on cost of producing citrus fruits, important vegetable crops and dairy
products was conducted in the Division of Agricultural Economics and findings of these
cost studies have been used extensively by growers in determining the most profitable
production practices. Cost data of producing dairy products is considered essential in
fixing the price of milk in the important cities of the State.
Among tests in the field of agronomy, the Early Runner peanut, a new variety devel-
oped from an artificial cross, was released to growers in 1951. It is twenty days earlier-
than the common Florida Runner-an advantage for early feeding-and produces higher
yields and better quality of dug peanuts for market. Floranna clover was selected by
researchers of the department and released to certified seed growers in 1951. It is sig.
nificantly better adapted in Florida than any other variety of annual white sweet clover
for pastures on higher lands. Alfalfa hay production of three to five tons per acre has
been obtained with adequate liming and fertilization for four years.
Approximately 500 new forage crop introductions of grasses and legumes have been
received from the USDA each year, planted in the.nursery, and growth and other charac-
ters recorded. A few of these appear promising.
In the field of animal husbandry and nutrition, considerable progress is reported.
More intensive research has been made possible by adding to the staff an animal breeding
and genetics specialist. This addition, together with the meats laboratory, livestock
pavilion, and a new beef research unit strengthens the department materially. Much of
the research in animal nutrition has attracted the interest of commercial firms, who are
cooperating through grants-in-aid or the donation of materials. These firms fully realized
the benefits which may accrue to them from new discoveries. The use of radioactive
isotopes to investigate the function of trace minerals in farm animal nutrition has brought
national and international recognition to the Nutrition Laboratory.
The Agricultural Experiment Station of the University of Florida has been a leader
in the. new and many developments which have occurred on the role of antibiotics in
animal feeding. Antibiotics are now used in swine, poultry, and calf feeds throughout
the world. The adoption of the use of antibiotics in animal feeds by most, if not all,.
feed manufacturers are following very rapidly after the Florida Station showed their
beneficial role in swine feeding.
Studies have shown that antibiotics are needed throughout the growing-fattening
period of the pig. The Florida Station was the first to show that aureomycin would lower
the protein needs of the pig. The Florida Agricultural Experiment Station was the first
to show that the new vitamin B13 was of benefit to the pig. This vitamin is needed for
its rapid growth.
Research in dairy production has been expanded and now includes effects of aureomy-
cin on the growth of dairy calves when fed the antibiotic. Tests have been developed

for the detection of antibiotics in milk. Other studies have been continued, and one of
them expanded to include results obtained in artificial breeding. New and improved
insecticides are being made available to Florida agriculture through the Department of
Entomology, and effective methods of controlling pests have been effected. Tests on
flue-cured tobacco proved that TDE in the form of dusts, wettable powder and emulsion
sprays is extremely effective against hornworms and budworms. This insecticide is now
recommended as a standard control for these pests in Florida, as well as elsewhere in the
flue-cured tobacco belt.
SVery significant advances were made in research investigations relating to the pro-
cessing by canning and/or freezing of vegetables and fruits. Black Valentine, Tender
SGreen, Top Crop and several numbered varieties of beans were found satisfactory for
,processing by canning and/or freezing, as were several varieties of sweet corn, cauli-
Slower, broccoli, and Korean peas. Smith's Perfect cantaloupe, with approximately 25%0
syrup solution, made a good frozen product.
Many new varieties of fruits and vegetables have been introduced in various locations
of Florida. Breeding work was started with roses and hibiscus for better and hardier
materials for Florida. The Plant Pathology Department is continuously investigating
Virus diseases which cause reductions in yields and are detrimental to Florida agriculture
R and horticulture.
SIn fine, the main station, all of the branch stations and field laboratories have made
: significant contributions of inestimable value to Florida agriculture and to the State's
economy. Space permits only the barest mention of the accomplishments at each sub-
station in recent years.
At the Citrus Station, the introduction of concentrated sprays and the necessary work
V '*'ith the industry to train operators in their use is deserving of mention. Work on
S-slow decline was greatly expanded and soil treatment with DD prior to replanting af-
- fected areas has shown remarkable results. In cooperation with the Florida Citrus
Commission, a method of control in the marketing of fresh fruit was developed.
SAt the Central Florida Station at Sanford, a new cantaloupe is being developed and
studies on cotton varieties have indicated that Sea Island cotton can be grown successfully
SIn that area.
At the Everglades Station at Belle Glade, intensive investigations have been in
process in the breeding of both sweet and field corn, the culture of rice, and on fiber
crops. As heretofore indicated, the Indian River Field Laboratory at Fort Pierce was
Established as a part of the Everglades Station program.
At the Gulf Coast Station at Bradenton, a new tomato hybrid is now ready for
Release as a new variety.
S At the North Florida Station in Quincy, tle relea;ie of southland oats in 1950 was
instrumental in increasing production in Florida from 283,000 bushels in 1950 to 1,080,000
bushels in 1952. A new variety of cigar wrapper tobacco, having appreciable resistance
Sto root knot and certain leaf spots as well as to blacksiank, was made available to a few
growers in 1952.
At the Range Cattle Station at Ona, Pangola has proed to be the most productive
improved grass grown on the sandy soils of central Florida. Yield of forage and cattle
gains are closely correlated with fertilizer rates and date of application. Pensacola Bahia
Swas found second to Pangola with wide adaptation and high grazing value.
At the Sub-Tropical Station at Homestead, field tests and extensive cooperative grower
trials of the Southern Tomato Exchange Program's number 89 led to release by USDA

of a wilt resistant variety tomato under the name HOMESTEAD. A practical method of
propagating sapodilla was developed and a superior variety of this fruit was released
under the name PROLIFIC. The Mysore raspberry was proved adapted to South
Florida. Nurseries have already sold hundreds of bushes. Hybrids of this purple fruited
raspberry x Latham, Sunrise and Taylor red raspberries have produced red fruits for
further study.
The Suwannee Valley Station at Live Oak was activated November 1, 1950, to investi-
gate some of the problems of agriculture in that section of Florida. The leading projects
outlined for study are on tobacco and pastures. Other subjects considered during the
year were swine, field crops, legumes, soil management, several horticultural crops and
other crops common to the section. All research was conducted cooperatively with
farmers on farms owned by them.
The West Central Florida Station at Brooksville has revised its cattle breeding re-
search program. In this program, herds of Angus, Hereford, Brahman, Santa Gertrudis
and Brahman-Angus will be used in an attempt to obtain information on the proportions
of European and Asiatic blood which are best suited for different conditions in the
At the West Florida Station at Jay, progress has been made in corn production and
pasture establishment, and at the Field Laboratories work continued on pecan investiga-
tion, potato investigation, strawberry, watermelon and grape investigations.
The foregoing constitutes only the briefest resume of the vast work of the Agricultural
Experiment Station. As one agricultural leader recently observed: "As goes the progress
of the agricultural program of the University, so goes the progress of Florida's agricul-
ture," while another declared at a public meeting that the "Agricultural divisions of
the University of Florida are the money-makers for all educational programs of the
The immensity of the contribution of the agricultural research staff of the University
of Florida over a period of years can better be realized when it is pointed out that the
total costs of higher education, i.e., the cost of building, operating and maintaining all
of the institutions of higher learning in the State and their respective plants, from the
date of their beginning to the present could be paid for from the increased yield in State
income during the past biennium over that of a similar two year period in the early
1920's and 1930's.
To put it another way, if the State had been deprived of the genius, the tireless efforts
and final accomplishments of the research staff of the University of Florida, its economy
would be hopelessly lagging today and it would be totally handicapped and without ade.
quate income and/or a supporting tax structure with which to operate its education and
eleemosynary institutions. The "money making divisions" of the University have there-
fore not only repaid a hundredfold every cent invested in them, but have furnished the
wherewithal to support the State's activities.
A particular service rendered by the Station during the biennium was the complete
revision of the Handbook of Pesticides and Their Uses in Florida's Agriculture. This
handbook, based on experimental tests conducted in Florida, is of inestimable value
in using, under Florida conditions, the large number of recently released pesticides.
It is because of the many intricate problems of agriculture and the widespread recog-
nition by producers and lawmakers that research can and will be of value and vital
assistance to agriculture that the work and productivity of the agricultural experiment

stations have increased year after year. Such research will not and must not become
V:static. It is one of the foundation stones upon which agriculture in Florida rests.

The College of Architecture and Allied Arts
The biennium has been among the most significant in the history of the College,
for mankind is turning to the arts for leadership in the compelling task of shaping a
decently humanized world.
The building industry, now largest in the nation, looks to the architectural profession
for leadership in new building types, new materials, and new systems of construction.
Last year, student enrollment in Architecture at Florida was the largest in the South and
sixth largest in the country. Programs of student organizations have been revitalized,
and such men as Frank Lloyd Wright, William Lescaze and George Nelson have served
as visiting lecturers.
The contributions of art to human welfare are becoming well understood. Last year,
course registrations in Art were the highest in the history of the Department. A notable
addition to the staff has been the appointment of Stuart R. Purser, head of the Depart-
ment. A program in Costume Design has been organized, and the new program of
graduate work is meeting a previously unfilled need in Florida. Visiting artists and
lecturers have included Lester Longman, Arthur Osver and Gyorgy Kepes.
Building in semi-tropical areas like Florida poses many unanswered problems. Fur-
thermore, Florida towns and cities need to find ways to eliminate ugliness and disorder
in their physical design in order that tourists may find them pleasing places in which to
live. Research in those fields would pay rich dividends.
A beginning has been made of a great University Center of the Arts, a place for
Teaching and research, and where students, faculty and the general public can study
examples of the best contemporary work in the visual arts. During the biennium, 47
exhibitions and more than 50 films have been brought to the campus. The slide collection
numbers almost 10,000 slides, covering every field of visual design.
It should be pointed out that exhibition and work space for The Center is among
the most deficient in the nation.
The College occupies all or part of five different buildings. All of the space is make-
shift in character, and 80 per cent of it is in temporary wooden buildings. Facilities for
-the study of architecture and the arts ought, in themselves to be an inspiration and a
means of instruction. Florida looks to the College for leadership in the task of shaping
human environment and enriching human life through the arts. The provision of ade-
quate physical facilities for the College, therefore, would pay rich dividends to every
person in Florida, and will be given special consideration in our requests for the bi-

College of Arts and Sciences
During the past two years, the College of Arts and Sciences has devoted considerable
time and energy to the task of evaluating its place and function in the overall educational
program of the University. An extensive revision of curricular offerings has resulted
from this study. The College has also restated its primary objectives in the field of
liberal education. A serious attempt has been made to modify the academic program
and procedure so that these objectives can be fulfilled effectively and efficiently.
As a result of these investigations, 129 courses were deleted from the College offerings,
78 new courses were introduced, 121 courses were renumbered, and new degree require-

ments consistent with the current philosophy of the College were adopted. I am ple
to report that these changes have materially strengthened the academic program of
College. The graduate program will be discussed in connection with the work of
Graduate School.
During the academic year 1950-51, 2,162 students were enrolled in the College. 1
of this group were undergraduates and 926 were graduate students. During the seco
year of the biennium the student enrollment was 2,092. This drop of three per
appears to compare somewhat significantly with the national and University trend
student enrollment. During 1951-52, 1,228 undergraduates and 864 graduate students
rolled in this College.
During the biennium, the faculty of the College recommended 955 for Baccalaure
degrees. This represents an increase of 43 per cent over the number of similar degr
recommended during the preceding biennium. During this same period, 181 Master
Arts degrees, 80 Master of Science degrees, and 53 Doctor of Philosophy degrees we
awarded to students who had received their graduate instruction in this college.
There were 159 full time faculty members on the budget of the College during t
academic year 1950-51. During the second year of the biennium the staff was increa
to 166.
Members of the faculty have published 29 books and 213 monographs, articles
abstracts. This list of publications does not take into account the numerous papers an
research reports prepared by members of the staff for presentation before various pr
fessional meetings. In addition to the publications and research papers mentioned above
various members of this faculty supervised the preparation of 114 graduate theses.
Two faculty members were awarded honorary degrees. Foundation awards we
granted to five members of the College faculty. Members of the instructional staff a
serving in editorial capacities for 13 scholarly publications, and many are currently se
ing as officers in 12 national, regional, and State societies and associations.
Problems inherent in the training of secondary school teachers are of mutual conce
to colleges of education and colleges of liberal arts. Throughout the country several ver
significant experiments have been undertaken which are designed to furnish pertine
data regarding this function. The College of Arts and Sciences would welcome an o
portunity to participate in this type of study and steps have been initiated toward thi
The function of a liberal arts college on the campuses of large universities is, o
necessity, conditioned by its environment. Under such conditions, the college is quit,
properly expected to concentrate on needed and desirable "service" functions. It is
difficult, if not impossible, for any college to develop a "pure" program of liberal arts
Plans are now under consideration whereby the College of Arts and Sciences would be
authorized to formulate a proposal for the creation of a branch of the University of
Florida which would serve as an experimental college of liberal arts. Available data
indicate that an educational innovation of this sort could make an extremely worthwhile
contribution to the overall development of the State of Florida.

College of Business Administration
A comprehensive analysis and re-evaluation of course offerings and curriculum group.
ings, both on the undergraduate and graduate levels, has brought the course offerings1
into line with present day needs and demands of business. The College has added one
new curriculum, Industrial Relations, divided the management curriculum into two

dustrial Management for those interested in management problems in general
rt and Club Management for those interested in resort and private club man-
SNew graduate offerings have already been referred to.
3Bureau of Economic and Business Research has continued to issue Economic
a monthly publication with over 2,500 names on its mailing list. On a contract
Federal Housing and Home Finance Agency, it completed a study of the Jackson-
rtgage market. On a contract for the Gainesville Chamber of Commerce, it com-
and published "Gainesville Economic Survey." It has completed its study of
Manufacturing started in 1949 from a grant of the General Education Board, and
listed three reports thereon. It is now engaged in a study of incomes, by
Sa study of municipal finance (in cooperation with Public Administration Clear-
'ce), a study of commodities manufactured in Florida with an estimation of
's consumption of such commodities, and a study of Florida's commercial fisheries.
Placement Service of the College has functioned effectively. It has prepared a
to help students in seeking jobs, has developed a program for faculty evaluation
eating students, and is now serving alumni in job placement. The students in
liege have shown a high degree of interest in it and its activities. The student
tions have formed a Business Administration Student Organizations Council,
sponsors an annual "Business Day" and also publishes by and for the students a
called the "Bus Ader."
annual Florida Southeastern Business Conference, sponsored jointly by this Col-
mad the General Extension Division, has continued to attract to the campus each
an imposing array of speakers and participants in a conference theme designed to
business men understand better the conditions, both internal and external, which
bear largely on the future of our expanding economy.
significant and paramount importance to the College was the recent Board action
'ng for the erection of the first portion of a Business Administration Building.
d for an early start, this part of the building will permit the College to house its
and hold its classes under one roof for the first time. It is hoped that the next
fum will see an appropriation to permit the building to be completed in its entirety.
College of Business Administration celebrated its silver anniversary in February
and received tributes from many business interests in the State including bankers,
estate operators, managers of numerous industrial concerns, as well as a host of
dians engaged in accounting, economics, finance, and other types bf business opera-
SA Council of Alumni and Advisors prominently identified with Florida business
was named for the purpose of aiding and advising the College of Business Admin-
tion with respect to its future needs and growth.

ge of Education
'The peak registration in the College of Education for all times occurred in the spring
ester of 1951. There was a slight decline in the spring semester of 1952.
,There is serious need for more qualified students to become teachers. If all the
iduates from the teacher education programs of all institutions within the State in 1952
nept teaching positions, Florida will still be short more than 1,000 teachers needed to
I normal replacements. The shortage is very acute in the elementary schools.
Graduate work in education continues to increase and has already been alluded to.
The percentage of members of the Education staff with doctor's degree has increased
m 48 to 60 per cent during the biennium. All staff members participate in a week


of intensive pre-planning prior to the opening of the fall semester. This has proved to
be a valuable experience.
Two cooperative research projects are under way: one relates to desirable methods of
integrating audio-visual education into a pre-service program of teacher education,
financed by Teaching Films Custodians of New York; the other is a study of the influ-
ence of the different types of educational leadership on the school programs, financed by.
the Kellogg Foundation. The total of the grants which will be received for these two
projects is $68,400.00.
The College plays an important role in providing field services for the schools of the
State. However, lack of staff prevents it from meeting many of the demands for this
service. During the biennium, staff members responded to 408 requests within the State
for services such as high school evaluations, county surveys, talks, and consultant services;
and eighty-two requests for consultant services or participation in regional or national
programs of professional organizations. Moreover, they took part in sixty-five special
projects carried on within or without the State. All of these services are rendered in
addition to full teaching loads.
Extension class teaching is another type of field service provided. During the period
covered by this report, requests were received for 105 extension classes, but only 70 were
taught enrolling 1,581 teachers.
College of Engineering and Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station
The College of Engineering continues to meet the current impact of the rise of tech.
nology. Its expanded facilities are being used by an efficient staff for research that has
been of value to the State and nation. But research has been considered not as an end
in itself but as a vital part of our instructional program.
The students of the college have received many awards in regional and national compe*
titions. The Florida Engineer which they have published has brought much favorable
comment from engineering educators throughout the nation. It is believed that the&
education which the Florida student receives comes not only from his formal classes, but
also through the intimate contacts which occur with a staff actively engaged in research
on Florida's problems. Such students receive inspiration which upon graduation evi.:
dences itself in a desire to help build a greater Florida.
Employees who have interviewed students have commended our form of engineering
education-one in which the man receives not only a broad basic technical training but
also education in the principles of good citizenship.
Research (Engineering)
Research by the Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station has also been signifi-
cant. Work has been greatly facilitated during the past year as a result of the completion
of the first unit of the Engineering and Industries Building.
A large expansion of the research program resulted from the establishment of labor.
stories for research in the field of fluorine sciertee and technology, for the study of radio-i
active substances, for secret defense work on electro-chemical devices, and for research
activities in pulp and paper technology. Since these laboratories were established, the
Chemical Corps of the Federal Government has entered into a contract with the Unin
versity for research on gaseous substances containing fluorine.
Laboratories for research in radioactive substances were also established in 1951, and
two projects in this field are now in operation sponsored by government agencies. The
objective of both projects is the prevention of tropical deterioration of materials.

Work done by the laboratory to demonstrate that scrub oak can be converted to pulps
suitable for making book and bond paper, rayon, cellophane and plastics, and a wood
substitute for boxes, has created a tremendous amount of interest, because scrub oak has
always been considered a worthless tree. The adoption by industry of the techniques
Developed in the laboratory will make scrub oak a cash crop in Florida and in other
Southern states where there are vast acreages of the tree.
S The Southern Regional Education Board is now setting up a regional program of
training and research in the field of pulp and paper. Two institutions of higher learning
in the region have been recognized by the Board as members of the regional program
because of extensive work in pulp and paper that they are now doing. They are the
SUniversity of Florida, where emphasis is placed on graduate training and research, and
North Carolina State College, which has an undergraduate training program. Cooperation
.between the member institutions and with other institutions in the region is expected to
result in the establishment of a few strong, well-equipped laboratories for training and
research in pulp and paper.
A new ceramic tile plant was put into operation in the central part of the State in
1950 as a direct result of the research being conducted by the ceramic section of the
Department of Chemical Engineering. Aid given by staff members in this area made
this plant possible.
In a cooperative program between the staff and the State Road Department, several
significant contributions were made. As a result of studies, a new paint specification for
bridges and other structures on the highway was developed and approved by the Road
,Department. Present studies on pre-stressed concrete are now making progress and the
result should be of value to the State Road Department during the coming biennium.
In the area of sanitary research, progress has reached the point where the Engineering
-Divisiori of the State Board of Health has changed its specifications in accordance with
Sthe research findings of the Station. The result has been a saving to many communities
'ia the installation of new sewerage disposal systems. In addition, this program has at-
tracted financial support from the Winn-Lovett Foundation, one of the civic minded com-
mercial establishments of the State.
The storm location and storm protection work has continued as a service to all the
citizens of the State. The new storm protection laboratory has developed methods for
'testing building components against high velocity winds and seepage of rain driven water
umder storm conditions, while the radar storm tracking program has developed apace with
the installation of another radar unit at the Weather Station at Tampa.
While making contributions to aid industries, the basic research program has not
been overlooked. The studies on heat transfer in gasses to clouds of particles have at-
'tracted rather wide attention and the results will be of eventual value to the development
of engines for high speed aircraft.
The research on space charge wave studies has given a better understanding of the
action of electrons in high vacuum tubes of special design. While the present program
is one of basic research in the study of the behavior of the electrons, the research will
eventually be translated into more power and better performance in radio, television
and other electronic devices.
The Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station is the research laboratory for
Florida industries. Cooperating with the teaching activities of the colleges, it is furnish-
ing engineers to the industry of the State and their leadership will pay great dividends in
the future.

School of Journalism:
Enrollment in the School increased 25 per cent last year but even then it was unable
to meet the growing demand for its graduates in Florida and neighboring states.
Following its accreditation in 1950, national recognition came through the adoption
by the Associated Press of its Style Book, and the selection of faculty members to four
national committees. Greater State recognition came in selection of the School for the
headquarters of the Florida Press Association. In addition, the school is completing a
readership and market survey for State and national distribution.
The School sponsored four high school conferences and participated in some 14 State
meetings and conventions. Advertising and Radio News Sequences were added and a
new faculty member assigned to head up the advertising program. The typography lab-
oratory was enlarged and a laboratory added for radio news and advertising.

College of Law
The pre-law academic training of students admitted to the College of Law has im-
proved very substantially during the biennium. It is interesting to note that 32.5 per cent
of the students entering in the preceding biennium had Baccalaureate degrees, whereas
53.5 per cent of the students entering during the past two years had such degrees. The
curriculum reorganization begun four years ago has been substantially completed, and
the revised and enriched curriculum will be announced for the 1953-54 academic year.
The biennium has been marked by an internal strengthening of the faculty, rather than
by an increase in size. Over 6,000 volumes have been added to the library, which now
totals 38,586 volumes. During the biennium, the College was host to the Sixth Annual
Law Review Conference and the Southern Regional Elimination Round of the National
Inter-Law School Moot Court Competition. One of the most important and gratifying
developments during the past two years has been the pronounced increase in faculty par-
ticipation in the legal activities of the State. Members of the faculty have spoken at
approximately sixty professional meetings and acted as advisors to many committees of
The Florida Bar.

University Libraries
Subsequent to the completion of the two new additions to the University Library, a
browsing room and divisional rooms in the humanities, the social sciences, and the
natural sciences were set up in 1950, in an attempt to overcome some of the barriers to
reading which are so common in large libraries. Something over 40,000 volumes and
1,004 current magazines have been placed in these rooms. Since September, 1951, stack
permits have been granted to undergraduate students as a means of facilitating their
work and conserving the time of staff members. Library reading rooms have been estab-
lished in the men's and women's dormitories and in the College of Health and Physical
Education. Circulation records indicate an increase in book use from 664,390 for the
biennium 1948-50 to 771,181 for the past two years.
In April 1951 the headquarters and library of the Florida Historical Society were
moved to the University and are now established on the fourth floor of the Library. The
rare volumes and manuscripts in this collection constitute a very important addition to
the University's materials on Florida's history.

Division of Music
The Division of Music was given authorization by the Board in March, 1952 to grant
a B.A. degree with a major in music in the College of Arts and Sciences. Registration


Sfor such a comparatively new division of activity appears unbelievable. There were
2,901 registrations for credit, an increase of 1,187 over the previous biennium and a regis-
tration in ensemble music without credit of 1,343. Faculty research and creative pro-
i diction has been significant with sixteen music manuscripts produced, four of which have
Already been published, twenty-eight original arrangements for public concert, and ten
Published magazine articles. There has been a marked increase by way of contribution
; to the State's educational structure through in-service Clinic-Credit-Conferences courses
Sfor public school music teachers, through the General Extension Division, in cooperation
With the Florida Music Educators Association. Campus and State service for advancement
Sof music included 541 faculty appearances as concert performers, lecturers, adjudicators,
and conductors; 490 student appearances in public performance; 97 Florida communities
thus served; 2,504,181 recorded public attendance.

SCollege of Pharmacy
SIncreased enrollments on both the undergraduate and graduate levels placed the
College third in size as compared to seventy-four schools and colleges of pharmacy in the
nation. The reputation of the College of Pharmacy for its high standards has attracted
many men and women from other states and foreign countries, many of whom are pursu-
ing the undergraduate pharmacy curriculum although they hold degrees in other fields.
The number of degrees granted reached a new high, and the demand for graduates con-
Stinued to exceed the supply.
Progress in the graduate program of this College is attested to by its increased enroll-
Sment, now twenty-eight students. Fifteen annual grants-in-aid totaling about $25,000.00
were received from pharmaceutical firms, the U. S. Army, and the American
. Foundation for Pharmaceutical Education. Including work in the Medicinal Plant
I Garden, the research projects have covered a wide range of subjects of interest to the
people of Florida.
SAppreciation of the service which the College of Pharmacy is rendering to the pharma-
tists of the State is evidenced by two $5,000.00 grants from the Florida State Board of
Pharmacy to aid the Bureau of Professional Relations and by the operation of two stu-
Sdent loan funds by the Ladies Auxiliary of the Florida State Pharmaceutical Association.

SCollege of Physical Education and Health
Outstanding in the progress of the College of Physical Education and Health has
been the activation of a department for the training of physical therapists. Of consider-
able significance in this respect has been recognition of the University of Florida by sev-
enteen nationally known medical centers in accepting University of Florida students for
preparation in this work which is accepted as partial requirements for their degrees.
The Department of the Professional Curriculum has had a rapid rise in the demand
for graduate education so that since 1950, some 290 graduate students have received in-
struction. Undergraduate instruction was given to 4,523 students last biennium.
Noteworthy among the accomplishments of this department has been the fact that
since the year 1948, the enrollment of women in the elementary school training program
has increased from 28 to 58.
A complete revision of the Department of Student Health has been effected. Note-
worthy improvements have been (a) reorganization of the operating system, which elim-
inated the position of superintendent; (b) production of a Manual of Operating Pro-

cedures; (c) Expanded and detailed monthly reports to the President, the Board
Control; and (d) addition of psychiatric and physical therapy services.
Evidence of results of the program of physical fitness and sports for men is indica
by the fact that tests showed in 1950 some 70 per cent of students failed the physical
ness test in September, while the end of the year showed less than 10 per cent fail
The year 1951 found the physical fitness failures reduced to 8 per cent. While subje
to less objective measurement, the program of sports education for women included ar
of the dance, aquatics, personal grooming and hygiene that were so satisfactory that
tendance has consistently moved upward.
Intramural sports for men and women served approximately 75 per cent of all student
with a program of nineteen sports and twenty-three clubs and interest groups. In ad
tion, some five hundred faculty and three hundred seventy-five faculty and employee
children have been provided a program of recreation.

The General Extension Division
As Florida grows and develops, the problems of her people change with the trend
and direction of progress. Citizens have discovered that the University can use i
specialized skills and resources to help them and they ask for that help in increasingly
large numbers.
To serve the public, the General Extension Division (I) conducts adult education
programs; (II) provides leadership training for high school youth; (III) extends Uni.
versity instruction for credit; and (IV) offers statewide visual, library, consultant services
and loan materials.
The University adult education programs are specifically designed to help Floridians
with their problems of the family and home; to enable them to meet new requirements
on their present jobs or to prepare for new positions; to help businessmen adapt them-
selves to new conditions and train their workers; to bring professional men up-to-date;
to aid voluntary organizations active in welfare; to assist civic groups in community
development; and to up-grade the employees of State agencies. Interested Floridians
are being informed concerning current economic, social, governmental, and international
problems, how these problems affect them, and what they can do about them. They are
given help in developing their talents, skills and appreciation in more worthwhile cul-
tural-avocational activities.
Through the youth programs, an effort is being made to provide activities in forensics,
drama, and scholarship which once involved all of the better schools of the State. To
train leaders in group activities, youth clinics have been held on student council, student
publications, discussion and parliamentary procedure, and outdoor education. All of this
work is being coordinated in a total, recognized University leadership program for high
school youth.
In extending University instruction, the General Extension Division makes available
to the people of Florida certain University experiences and courses which can be con-
ducted successfully away from campus. This work is conducted through classes and
workshops and by correspondence study.
The General Extension Division of Florida established the Florida Film Library and
the State Extension Library more than thirty years ago. The loan materials, all of which
have been purchased with money collected as fees and service charges, now have a re-
placement value exceeding $140,000. The central location of the Division at Gainesville
enables citizens of every county of the State to receive materials with dispatch.

ing the past biennium, the General Extension Division, using all facilities of the
ity available to it, was able to give instruction to 41,922 Floridians. Of these
3 were registered in extension courses for University credit, 28,288 were enrolled in
courses, seminars and institutes, and 1,741 were entered in extension activities for
school youth. In addition, there were 159,872 participants in programs conducted
organizations with the help of the General Extension Division. The Florida Film
of the Extension Division booked 50,961 units of visual aid materials, and the
Extension Library had a circulation of 146,747 from its reference and children's
&The construction of a General Extension Division building on the campus, especially
ped to house the departments of the Division and to accommodate its programs,
t be designated as the "Citizens' Center." Until such a building is available, it will
impossible to meet the needs of adult Floridians who wish to come to the University
information and instruction offered through the Division.

Military Departments
The Army ROTC Department with its Professor of Military Science and Tactics and
Air Force ROTC Department with its Professor of Air Science and Tactics collectively
termed the Military Departments. Solely for University administrative purposes, the
ident designates one of the professors as "Coordinator of Military Departments."
By the end of the biennium, all activities of the Military Departments had been con-
ted into a single ROTC area. This concentration was made possible by the comr
on of a very fine three-story masonry building housing the offices of the two depart.
ts and providing a total of six classrooms. A portion of the old facilities was modi-
to provide excellent accommodations for the office of the University Military Property
odian and for the storage and issue of all military property under conditions afford-
maximum protection from loss by fire, hurricane, or theft. The overall facilities
vided the University of Florida ROTCs most probably excel those of any comparable
diversity in the South. At the beginning of the 1950-51 school year, the total enroll-
nt in the departments was 2,728; for 1951-52, the total enrollment was 3,061. Each
r the departments have markedly increased their enrollments; since 1948 the enroll-
sent has increased about one thousand.

The Army ROTC
The Army ROTC includes three units: Infantry, Field Artillery, and Transportation
tCorps. In 1950-51 the total enrollment was 1,665. One hundred sixteen Advanced Course
Students received their commissions in the Army Reserve. Under the Distinguished
MIilitary Graduate program, five cadets were preferred commissions in the Regular Army.
In 1951-52 the total enrollment was 1,466. One hundred sixty-one Advance Course stu-
dents received their commissions in the Army Reserve. Under the Distinguished Military
Graduate program, fourteen cadets were preferred commissions in the Regular Army.
Department of the Army Annual Formal Inspections and Technical Inspections have re-
tulted in most favorable reports of this Army ROTC. At the end of the period, fourteen
Army officers and seventeen noncommissioned officers were with the department.

The Air Force ROTC
The Air Force ROTC offered instruction in four options: Administration and Logis-
tics, Flight Operations, Air Installations, and General Technical. In 1950-51 the total
enrollment was 1,063. One hundred thirty-eight Advanced Course students received their

commissions in the Air Force Reserve and four were proffered commissions in the Re'
ular Air Force. In 1951-52 the total enrollment was 1,595. One hundred fifteen Advanced
Course students were commissioned in the Air Force Reserve. Annual Inspection reports
have classified this ROTC unit as comparing most favorably with other Air Force ROTCs.
At the end of the period, sixteen Air Force officers and fifteen noncommissioned officer
were with the department.
Intercollegiate Athletics
The splendid program of Inter-collegiate Athletics under Coach Bob Woodruff dis.
closes that we have broken even on football games won and lost. Attendance jumped.
from 211,123 in the 1950 season to 284,896 in the 1951 season. The new addition to the
Florida Field Stadium, costing $707,000, increased the seating capacity by 13,000 seats,
which enabled the University to handle the record crowds coming to Gainesville for the
several home games. During the 1950-51 season, we won eleven and lost twelve basket.
ball games, while in 1951-52, we won fifteen and lost nine. In the 1951 baseball season,
we won sixteen games and lost nine, whereas in 1952, we won twenty-one, lost two, and
tied two, emerging as the winner of the Southeastern Conference. In 1951-52, four track
meets were held and we lost none. During the 1950-51 swimming season, we won four
and lost five meets, and in the 1951-52 season, we won four and lost three. We rated
fourth place in the Southeastern Conference in the tennis tournaments in both the 1951
and 1952 seasons.

The Board of University Examiners
The Board of University Examiners reports that 328 progress tests were given and
comprehensive examinations were administered in the biennium to 128,639 individual
students. The Board continued its statewide service of conducting The Florida State.
wide Twelfth Grade Testing Program and the total number of white and negro schools
tested was 559 while the total number of Florida high school students tested was 32,386.
The Museum has been studied carefully during the past year by a strong faculty com-
mittee with a view to utilizing this magnificent unit with greater effectiveness, both for
instructional and exhibition purposes. Recommendations of the Committee are now in
process of being put into effect. A new director, chosen from the faculty of the Uni-
versity, has been selected and will undertake a reorganization of the museum in the fall.
Significant new acquisitions have been reported by Mr. Niles Schaffer, who has served
as Interim Director for several years, and who will now resume his former duties as
curator. During the biennium, accessions valued in excess of $25,000.00 were acquired
and approximately 63,000 persons visited the Museum.
Radio Station WRUF
WRUF, converted to a frequency modulated station in 1948 now operating programs
as WRUF and also WRUF-FM, continues the training of students for the radio industry.
It has not been possible for the station to supply the demand for young people who have
received their training and actual experience in the station laboratories.
University Press
Few units of the University can boast of richer accomplishments the past two years
than the University of Florida Press. Recognition of the excellence of the work of the
Press brought it into membership in 1950 of the Association of American University
Presses. Fifteen major books or publications have been brought out during the biennium

and the Press has been designated by the Library of Congress as publisher of Volumes
S14 through 17 of the Handbook of Latin American Studies.
SAlumni Affairs
The University of Florida is proud of the increased interest manifested in its activi-
ties by hosts of alumni throughout the State. The Division of Alumni Affairs reports
that there were 54 University of Florida local alumni clubs at the conclusion of the last
biennium and today we have a total of 63 clubs. All are on an active basis. The local
clubs have sponsored university programs including appearances by faculty and staff
members before civic groups, high school audiences, and alumni groups, and have pre-
Sseated interesting programs pertaining to the University of Florida over local radio sta-
S The Division of Alumni Affairs has continued to publish four issues of the Florida
SAlumnus Magazine. Over 93,000 of this publication have been sent to alumni during
the past two years. In addition, the friends of the University financed the publication
at the Division and distributed many thousands of copies of a series of brochures entitled
The University of Florida Looks to the Future.
An up to date filing system has been put into effect which now carries the correct
addresses of 19,000 alumni. Active membership in the Alumni Association has reached
a 33% average, comparing favorably with averages at similar institutions of higher learn-
Sing in the country.
During the spring of 1952, Mr. D. R. (Billy) Matthews, who has served so capably
as the Director of Alumni Affairs, resigned in order to announce his candidacy for the
Democratic nomination as a representative of Congress from the 8th Congressional Dis-
ttict of Florida. After consultation with leading alumni of the State, it was unanimously
felt that Mr. Leland W. Hiatt, a prominent alumnus then serving as the Superintendent,
Apalache Correctional Institution, would be the most suitable successor to Mr. Matthews.
Accordingly, Mr. Hiatt was approached and tendered the offer jointly by the Alumni
Association and the Board of Control.
V Mr. Hiatt attended the University of Florida and Colorado A. & M. College. He has
served as a past president of the Alumni Association and has become well and favorably
known throughout the State because of outstanding service rendered as State Welfare
Commissioner and Superintendent of the Correctional Institution.
Alumni of the University continued to assume important roles in'every area of State
activity. We are again honored to have an alumnus of the University named for the
high office of Governor of the Commonwealth. The Honorable Dan McCarty of Fort
Pierce received the Democratic nomination in the primaries of June, 1952, which nom-
ination is tantamount to election in Florida. He will succeed another Florida alumnus,
Fuller Warren, to the governorship. Dan was awarded the Bachelor of Science degree
in Agriculture in 1934. His brothers, Brian and John, are also alumni of the University,
the latter having served as president of the student body.
D. R. (Billy) Matthews will take his place in the new Congress in January, 1953,
having been designated congressmen-elect in the recent June Democratic primaries. The
Board and the public generally will be interested in perusing a list of Florida Alumni
Swho are public officials, appended hereto as "Exhibit 3."
Student Activities
The decline in the proportion of veterans in the student body during the biennium
Shas resulted in a transition of student life toward a pattern more typical of the prewar

years. Students of typical college age are rapidly assuming important positions of
leadership in the student body. This trend will continue although a few veterans from
the Korean War should soon begin study at the University.
This biennium has seen increasing calls upon members of the student body for service
in the Armed Forces. Practically all of our men face a call to service. They are, how-
ever, very uncertain as to when they shall be called. It is our feeling that the uncertainty
of calls to military service has been reflected in changed student morale and attitudes.
These forces will continue to affect college youth in the following ways:
There will be increased pressure on men students to achieve scholastic success in
order to have their Selective Service deferments continued. In instances where men
have low scholastic aptitude, or are otherwise unable to succeed, this is likely to produce
negative reactions toward fellow students and toward the University. There is evidence
that during the 1950-52 biennium this particular pressure has resulted in considerablei
negative response from the students.
For many college youth, choices such as early marriage versus prolonged postpone-
ment until after military service will continue to create serious personal problems. Unless
satisfactorily resolved, these uncertainties will result in lowered student morale. The
University can help with these problems by making available advice and counsel from
experienced staff members. To do this will involve greater effort and expense than has
hitherto been available.
In order to meet the needs of the student body for help with their personal, social,
educational and vocational problems, the following developments have occurred in the
Student Personnel program during the biennium:'
Coordination and cooperation among faculty and staff groups who work closely with
students has increased. This has resulted in better services to students. An effort has
been made to acquaint members of the faculty and staff with the services which are avail-
able for students on campus and there is an increasing trend for our staff to utilize the
specialists who are available.
Academic advisement services have improved and increased. In some colleges, marked
increases in faculty time available for advisement have occurred. There has been an
increase in emphasis placed upon student advisement throughout the University.
The residence halls personnel program has increased in effectiveness during the bien-
nium. Favorable results are already evident. In units where adequate personnel staff
has been available, there have been considerably fewer student problems in evidence.
Inevitably major difficulties have arisen out of housing units where trained staff is not
available and where student morale and conduct are dependent entirely upon the feeling
of individual students.
The social and recreational program has increased in scope. A more diversified pro-
gram has been developed for all students.
The clinical services of the University have been coordinated in a Center. Quality
and quantity of these services have improved although many students were necessarily
denied these services because of inadequate staff available.
Plans were completed for the employment of a University psychiatrist whose primary
responsibility will be in the Student Health Service, but who will work cooperatively
with the other clinical services.
Coeducation has largely become a fact at the University of Florida during this bi-
ennium. Women students have entered all aspects of academic and student life. They

represented in all of the colleges of the University and have organized a Women
te' Association, two honor societies, and an inter-sorority council.
The program of counseling of women students has been strengthened by the em-
ent of an Assistant Dean of Women.
Approximately 3,960 students were given financial aid during the biennium amount-
to $195,833.
Scholarships were awarded to 2,313 students totalling $647,466.
New scholarship funds became available amounting to $286,408. (See tabulation
jMany worthy students were enabled to continue their education by accepting part-
employment. It will be seen from the following figures that a major portion of
students engage in some type of self-help:
I No. of students interviewed for jobs --- 7,654
O.No. of students on work scholarships
S A. Athletic ----.--------..-- ......... 83 $ 30,541.49
B. Cafeteria ---....--.. .. 790 358,800.00
, No. of students employed as student assistants - 5,268 $1,335,000.00


--. --- -- 6,151 1,725,341.49

Much time and attention has been given by the President to student relationships.
r the most part, these have been constructive and wholesome. Certain incidents
ve marred a record of perfect concord but these have proved beneficial, we hope,
Both the student body and the administration. They have tended to bring the
resident and the student leaders into closer contact and association, and augur for
&proved relationships in the future.

erican Institute of Real Estate Appraisers $.. ------- $----$ 240.00
architecture and Building Construction - -- ..... ................. 1,500.00
!te Forest Rangers School ...... ........- -._....._...._ 1,420.00
illiam H. Bridges Fellowship in Pulp and Paper Research _- 1,000.00
lifornia Veterans Institute ------4-------. _- ____ 65.00
lahan Scholarship ---. -----..------..... ................ ...................... 300.00
orida Farm Bureau .. ---- ..- ---- ...... ......_ ............................... 50.00
orida Gladiola Growers Association ---- -------.- -.. ...-. ....---..- .................. 1,200.00
nulf Life Insurance Company ..... --.. ............. ----- ...................- .............. 300.00
Jaksonville Claim Men's Association --.. --.... -... ...--- ..... .- ...................... 250.00
john H Perry ......-............................ . ... .......... ........... 3,000.00
property and Casualty Insurance Short Course ---------.------------.-...-------- 750.00
riverside Lions Club -- ------- -..-.---..---------...........................-.................. 300.00
John Parker Welch Scholarship .....-----.... --------------------....................... 250.00
M aude K Towson .. ...---.... -..-.-.-- .. .. ... ......... .... . .... ......... ....... 1,500.00
Buckner Scholarship -......-------------.--- ...................... ... ...........--------------- 1,500.00
Idella M. Williams -------.......--- ---- -----....... ........................----........-. 100.00
H. A. Wyckoff ....---- -------------------....... ................................................................... 100.00
Clinton Foods, Inc. ..-----------.... ----..-...........-.. ........-------------- 2,000.00
V. R. and R. O. Crabtree .._..--.--------- ---------.-- ------.... 100.00

Dad's Club of Ft. Lauderdale -. ---.. -.............. ......... 900.00
Pauline Dillenback -- __--. ...._.... ................................ . ... 500.00
Senate Bill 944-Racing Fund ------.. -----.- ..- --- -- -----...... .. ...... ... 268,682.00

TOTAL ----------------------.------...--- -..................... $286,407.00

Institute of Gerontology
Florida is a state where many people come to live after they retire. Sociologists
at the University, familiar with migrations, pointed out that preliminary studies indi-
cated the entire Gulf and South Atlantic coastal regions are on the receiving end of
a heavy and rapidly swelling current of immigration of elderly persons; furthermore,
that Florida seems to be getting the lion's share of such migrations. They cautioned
that the problems of this group of citizens are problems which are important not
only to themselves but to all the people of the State of Florida. Accordingly, the
University administration took cognizance of the matter, and more than two years
ago instituted a serious study under the leadership of Dr. John S. Allen, Vice President,
and several outstanding members of the faculty familiar with sociological and economic
aspects of aging populations. The findings of this committee led to recommendations
for the establishment of an Institute of Gerontology which was realized by the Board
of Control's approval on April 17, 1951. Dr. Allen was named director of the new
Institute. Announcement of the creation of this new unit met with almost instant and
widespread public interest both within and outside the State, especially in those areas
having large migrations of aged persons. Substantial financial assistance from non-
state agencies made possible the First Southern Conference on Gerontology, which was
held on the Campus of the University in March, 1951. This Conference and Proceed-
ings, subsequently published, aroused widespread national interest, creating a large
demand for detailed information respecting the work of the Institute and copies of
the Conference Proceedings.
Research in many of the University departments has continued at an accelerated
pace on many vitally important phases such as the nutritional needs of aged persons;
housing for retired persons; the compilation of migration statistics involving age,
sex, social composition, and areas of settlement of the migrants; social and economic
patterns of retirement towns; to what extent Florida communities have become aware
of community programs and civic activities designed to meet the special needs of re-
tired persons who settle in Florida; income maintenance after retirement; and others.
The success of the First Conference led to a second, and a third is scheduled for
the beginning of 1953. Outstanding speakers and experts on Gerontology from the
United States and abroad have accepted program assignments in these conferences,
bringing a wealth of information of immeasurable help to the Institute and to re-
sponsible authorities in the State. Florida organizations continue to support the
Conferences with substantial financial assistance. It is clear that the coming of these
aged persons to the State may mean much to the commonwealth and be advantageous
to the nation as a whole, but their presence in great numbers in a limited area may also
give rise to not a few serious problems. For this reason it seemed prudent for Florida
and her neighboring states to have available a rich store of tested information for
guidance in formulating policies and programs that may be put into effect. This scientific
approach we hope will make the programs as realistic and beneficial as possible.

SCultural Gifts
In addition to the very substantial gifts and grants for research and training programs
Sat the University, a number of significant cultural gifts were received which have
more than monetary value. They include:
A collection of paintings by the Scotch artist, Tom Currie-Bell, presented by his
widow and valued at $12,000.00.
The congressional papers of Honorable J. Hardin Peterson, distinguished alumnus
of the University.
S A collection of valuable books from the library of the late U. S. Senator Duncan
*U. Fletcher, presented by his daughters, Mrs. Thomas J. Kemp and Mrs. Nelle Smith
SGordon, and by his nieces, Mrs. E. G. Baxter and Mrs. Fred Yerkes.
A collection of 1,000 books presented by Dr. Arthur B. Moelman.
The gift of several lots in Gainesville by Senator and Mrs. W. A. Shands.
A gift of a bronze plaque by the Senior Class of 1951 for the entrance gates of the
Papers of Judge Nathan Philemon Bryan, First Chairman of the Board of Control
m a gift from his widow, Mrs. Julia S. Bryan of Jacksonville.
A collection of 552 volumes from the library of the late Dr. J. N. Anderson, Dean
' of the Graduate School, as a gift from his widow, Mrs. J. N. Anderson.
A cash gift of $100.00 from the Florida State Federation of B'Nai B'rith to the
Library for the purchase of books for the Judaica Collection.
Two cash contributions of $1,000.00 each from Honorable Walter B. Fraser of St.
SAugustine for publications in the field of Latin American areas.
Two contributions of $1,000.00 and $500.00 respectively from Mr. F. B. Adams of
SNew York for publication of unique volumes relating to Florida's history.
A contribution of $2,500.00 to the University Press from the Chase Investment Com-
pany of Sanford.
A collection of valuable journals for the Architectural Library as a gift from
Mr. Mellen C. Greeley of Jacksonville.
A gift of $1,000.00 from a former alumnus, Mr. Cecil Hastings, Jr. of Santa Monica,
California, for the purchase of needed equipment for the Department of Mathematics.
A presentation of 2,000 Bibles by The Gideons International to the University.

Honorary Degrees Conferred
S During the biennium the University conferred honorary degrees upon three dis-
tinguished men prominent in the business life of the nation, as follows:
James C. Downs, Jr., of Chicago, Illinois, DCS, February 2, 1952. Mr. Downs is a
banker, author, lecturer, and real estate economist. At the time the degree was con-
Sferred, he was senior partner of Downs, Hohl and Company of Chicago, Illinois.
S. Kendrick Guernsey of Jacksonville, Florida, DCS, February 2, 1952. Mr. Guernsey
is a leader in business and former International President of Rotary. At the time the
degree was conferred, he had been Vice President of Gulf Life Insurance Company
for over twenty years.
Thomas J. Watson of New York, New York, LLD, February 2, 1952. Mr. Watson
is a business executive and an industrial leader. From 1919 to 1951, he was President

of International Business Machines Corporation. At the time the degree was con-
ferred, he was Chairman of the Board of Directors of that Corporation.

Extra Curricular Activities of the President
The President of the University of Florida made 56 local addresses to campus or
city groups during the biennium, including national associations or conferences coming
to Gainesville, alumni, faculty, fraternal and student groups. He made 31 addresses
within the State and 6 major addresses in various parts of the nation. Invitations
representing more than twice the total of these speaking engagements, were declined.
He has, therefore, had an opportunity to inform large segments of the citizenship of
the State and educational groups in the Nation about the program of the University.
A dozen articles were published in magazines or educational journals during the
The President served as Chairman of the March of Dimes Campaign for the State
of Florida during both the 1950 and 1951 campaigns.
He has accepted membership on the following national or regional boards and
committees and/or commissions:
Member, Committee on Religion and Public Education, American Council on Educa-
Director and Chairman, Jacksonville, Branch, Federal Reserve Board of Atlanta.
Member, Board of Trustees, Institute of International Education.
Member, Commission on Development of Graduate Studies, Southern Regional Board
for Education.
Member, Committee for Cooperation in Higher Education, Southern University Con-
Member, Radio Committee, National Association of State Universities.
Member, Executive Committee, National Commission on Accrediting.
Member, Executive Committee and Vice President, Southeastern Conference.
Member, Planning and Policies Committee, American Council on Education.
Chairman, Executive Committee, National Selection Committee for the Institute of
International Education.
Member, National Committee on Faculty Fellowships for the Fund for the Ad-
vancement of Education (Ford Foundation).
Honors conferred during the biennium included the conferring of the honorary degree,
Doctor of Science, by the University of Tampa, and the L.L.D. by the University of

Faculty and Staff
As we bring this resume of the biennial activities of the University of Florida to a
close, we would be remiss if we failed to acknowledge a deep sense of appreciation to
the splendid men and women of the staff for their diligence, loyalty, and indefatigable
efforts. The record of achievements, which the reports in their entirety reveal more
conclusively than is possible in this brief review, speaks eloquently in their behalf.
Several of the best beloved members of the staff have been removed from our ranks
by death, others by retirement. We should like to acknowledge our debt of gratitude
to them, whose names appear on the list appended hereto as "Exhibit 4."

This report brings to a conclusion not only the activities of the University of Florida
for a two-year period encompassed by the dates beginning July 1, 1950 and ending June
30, 1952, but also those of a century. I am sure no person now living could possibly
have visualized the extraordinary growth of the State or the processes of higher educa-
tion within the State, when it was determined to establish the East Florida Seminary,
the earliest antecedent of the present University of Florida, at Ocala in the year
1853. Within less than a decade after the East Florida Seminary came into being, the
SMorrill Act was passed by the United States Congress, creating land-grant colleges by
"donating public lands to several states and territories which may provide colleges
for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts." Eight years after the passage
of this act, the second important and component part of what now constitutes the great
agricultural activities of the University of Florida came into existence through the
establishment of the Florida Agricultural College in 1870. Another thirteen years went
by before the Florida Agricultural College was finally located and commenced
Operation at Lake City, Florida. The Buckman Act of 1905 consolidated the East
Florida Seminary (which had been transferred from Ocala to Gainesville in 1866) with
Sthe Florida Agricultural College at Lake City, and transferred the activities of these
combined institutions to Gainesville. At that time, the University of Florida became
a combined State university and land-grant college, for men students, and for women
Sin certain professional and graduate fields. Thereafter, no significant change in the
organization occurred until the institution was made coeducational by an act of the
Florida Legislature in 1947.
The University now has a plant investment of $30,000,000.00.
Its average post-war enrollment has been approximately ten thousand. No other
Agency has contributed so largely to the upbuilding of the State, of which it is a part,
Than the University of Florida.
Preparations have been underway for the past two years to celebrate in an appro-
priate fashion the University's Centennial. A history of the institution is being writ-
ten to record the dramatic growth of this great institution.
S We are now entering upon not only a new biennium but a new century. Although
the attainments have been extraordinary to date, they are but a part of what might have
been accomplished had the institution enjoyed through the years more generous sup-
port from the State. If there is an awareness on the part of the people that their own
well-being and happiness are largely dependent upon the progress of the University
of Florida, it is safe to predict that the development of the State, at the end of another
century, will be infinitely greater by comparison than it is today.

JULY 1. 1950 TO JUNE 30. 1952
Amount Authorized
Name of Project or Expended
R. 0. T. C. Building ................................... ............ ................................. .... $ 209,688.11
Water Tower ................................................ ..........-...................................................... 130,000.00
Meat Products Lab. (Univ. Portion) ............................................................................ 20,341.00
Fraternity Row .............................................................................................................. 65,155.93
Drainage System ................................................................... .............................. 47,700.81
Renovation Anderson, Bldg. D and E .......... .......................................... ............... 19,486.26
Extension of Utilities South of Stadium Road ......................................................... 24,623.03
Rehabilitation Temporary Dorms .................................. .......................................... 15,000.00
Conversion Building R and curtains for P. K. Yonge ................................................ 5.340.49
Air conditioning P.K. Yonge Cafeteria ................... ......................................... 10,000.00
Lab. for Agronomy Dept. (Univ. Portion) ..................................... ................ 4,000.00
I. B. M. clock system ......................................................................................... ...... 6,000.00
Garage and Lumber Shed .......................................................................................... 15,552.85
Renovation Science Hall ........................... ........................................................ 125,000.00
Special drilling equipment .......................... ............................................................. 5,000.00
Official Residence and Reception Center ............................................................... 125,000.00 '
Radar- Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station ........................................ 20,000.00
Soda Fountain--Tolbert Hall ...................................................................................... 1,542.62
Rehabilitation Grove Hall ..................................................................................... 2,900.00
Repainting interior of Grove Hall ................................................................................ 5,200.00
1952 Student Hall construction ...............................................................................- 2,106,000.00 *
Grove Hall Sprinkler System .......................................................... ......... ........ 7,100.00
Rehabilitation Dorm I .................................................................................................. 814.12
Air conditioning P. K. Yonge Library ........................................................................ 7,500.00
Additional facilities and equipment Student Service Building ................................ 100,000.00**

Total $3,078,925.11
* Revenue in the amount of $1,998,000.00 obtained from the sale of revenue certificates.
**This amount obtained from the operation of the University auxiliary activities.

r~~~rihf~-y- -s~~~ II~ .- ~J4~ .~ T~.~~t-.---e '$f+s ~ ~p -ri -r

Date Author- Yea
NAME OF BUILDING LOCATION ized or Con- Corn- COST Source of Funds
traced pleted

Main Station--Gainesville
Plant Virus Greenhouse # 3 ....................................Main
Plant Virus Greenhouse #4 .................................... Main
New Poultry Unit .................................................Main
Tobacco Barn #2 .......................................................Main
Plant Virus Laboratory ...........................................Main
2 Plant Virus Greenhouses ....................................Main
Isolation Barn ....................................... .............Main

Station Farm
Station Farm
Station Farm
Station Farm
Station Farm
Station Farm
Station Farm

Feed Storage Barn .............................. ................ Beef Research Unit
Main Station Greenhouse ........................................Main Station Campus
Vegetable Products Laboratory ..............................Main Station Campus
Hay Dry Barn ................... ................. ...... Main Station Farm
Newell Annex .................. .............................. Main Station Campus
A Residence ........................... ................... .... Hague Dairy Unit
3 Cattle Feeding Sheds ...........................................Hague Dairy Unit

Residence ...................... -................... Hague Dairy Unit
Residence ...................................... ..................... Hague Dairy Unit
Dairy Lab. and Barn .............................................Hague Dairy Unit
Parasite Barn ..................................................... Archer Road
Calf Barn ............................ ..................... .... Hague Dairy Unit

Machinery and Feed Storage Shed ........................Beef Research Unit

Meats Laboratory ..............................................Main Station Farm

Livestock Barn and Judging Lab. ........................Main Station Farm
Residence ........................ ...... ...............Beef Research Unit

Central Florida Experiment Station-Sanford
Greenhouse and Headhouse ................................ Sanford, Florida








$ 1,175.00



State appn.-Res. release
Federal Res. and Mktg. Funds
Federal Res. and Mktg. Funds
State appn.-Special release

Special State-Develop. Beef Unit
State Bldg. Fund
State Bldg. Fund
State Expense
Grant, General Education Bd.
State Bldg. Fund
State Bldg. Fund

State Bldg. Fund
State Bldg. Fund
State Bldg. Fund
State appn.-Special release
Funds transferred from Fla. State
Milk Commission

4/49 1949 1,800.00 Spec. State Appn. Develop. New
Beef Research Unit

9/51 1952 27,190.00 $6,000 paid by Station (Appn. Res.
Release) from State-Rest by Uni-

6/5/51 1952 145,235.59 State Appn.-Res. release
4/17/51 1952 12,500.00 State Expense

11/16/51 1952 1,706.00 Incidental

1 31 1 ,_ --e I,_ 1811 rr

Date Author- Year
NAME OF BUILDING LOCATION ized or Con- Cor- COST Source of Funds
tracted pleted

Citrus Experiment Station-Lake Alfred
Shop and Laboratory .............................................Lake Alfred, Florida
Implement Shed and Plant Shelter ........................Lake Alfred, Florida

Everglades Experiment Station-Belle Glade
Office and Laboratory .......................................... Belle Glade, Florida
Pump House .................................... ..... .......... ... Belle Glade, Florida
Headhouse .......................................................... Belle Glade, Florida
3 Greenhouses ........................ ............................... Belle Glade, Florida

Gulf Coast Experiment Station-Bradenton
Storage and Implement Shop ................................Bradenton, Florida
Laboratory ....-..............- ..- .. .....................--Bradenton, Florida
Greenhouse ................................ ..................... Bradenton, Florida

North Florida Experiment Station-Quincy
Dwellings ........................... ..... .. .. ................... Quincy, Florida
Office and Laboratory Bldg. ....................................Quincy, Florida

Range Cattle Experiment Station-Ona
Office and Laboratory ...........................................Ona, Florida
Feed Room and Pens .................... ....................Ona, Florida

Sub-Tropical Experiment Station-Homestead
Insectary ...................................... .................... Hom estead, Florida

West Florida Experiment Station-Jay
Storage Building ..........--........ ---...--....---.Jay, Florida
Storage Building ..................-- ..............-- ....Jay, Florida

Potato Investigations Laboratory-Hastings
Addition to Machine Shed ......................................Hastings, Florida

Mble~.--c __ _ Unt-area aaar-r, .I: i..irc: - Marann,,- florida ...'~---. l.~_,, i- --i~-~,,,.. ~ _~~_, _~_

12/12/47 1948 $ 33,000.00 Incidental
4/20/50 1950 9,600.00 Incidental


1948 151,000.00
1948 7,862.00
1951 4,212.00
1951 7,500.00

State Bldg. Fund
State Expense
State Expense
State Expense

8/27/46 1948 8,000.00 State Bldg. Fund
11/5/49 1950 2,100.00 Grant-in-Aid
11/5/49 1950 1,000.00 Grant-in-Aid

2/18/49 1949 7,560.00 Incidental
11/17/50 1952 44,950.00 Incidental

7/15/47 1948 28,000.00 State Bldg. Fund
8/10/50 1950 2,000.00 Incidental

1/26/51 1951

650.00 State Expense

5/18/50 1950 2,000.00 State Expense
8/24/51 1951 1,500.00 Incidental

10/18/51 1952 1,600.00 Incidental

4/17/51 1952 9.000.00 Incidental

Mobile Unit--Martua

Marianna, Florida


Description Location Date Acreage Value

Experimental Timber Tract ................................Alachua County 1951 22.4 $ 265.00

Residential Property .............................--- ......... Gainesville 1950 0.3 3,500.00

Experiment Station
(Indian River Field Laboratory) ....................St. Lucie County 1950 400.0 8,000.00
(Indian River Field Laboratory) ....................St. Lucie County 1951 320.00 12,800.00

Experiment Station
(Citrus Experiment Station) ............................Polk County 1952 1.5 80.00

Recreation Area
(Devil's Millhopper) ..........................................Alachua County 1952 48.5 5,000.00

Arboretum (NW 23rd Road) ................................Gainesville 1950 2.1 2.500.00

Medical Center Site
(adjacent to campus) ........................................Gainesville 1951 15.0 22,500.00

Perry Property
(adjacent to campus) ........................................Gainesville 1951 .3 8,000.00

Experiment Station ................................................ Hardee County 1952 20.0 660.00

Total 830.1 $58,305.00

A use permit was also granted to the University of Florida by the Federal Government on
' April 15, 1952, for Sea Horse Key.

Exhibit 2



1951- 52

Government Other Total

Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station ............ 654,921 121,100 776,021
'Agricultural Experiment Station ........................... 32,940 66,400 99,340
-Physics Department ...................... .... .. -------------... 104,162 645 104,807
SCancer Research Laboratory --...........-- ..................... ...... 36,744 41,347 78,091
Pharmacy College ........................------------- ............. 5,500 3,140 8,640
SChemistry Department ...................- ................. ....--.. 92,435 5,980 98,415
M medical School ................................... .............................. 96,500 96,500
Mathematics Department ----------........ .... ............... ........ 26,000 26,000
Biology Department .-.......... ......................... ...... .... 23,304 9,685 32,989
Bureau of Economic and Business Research ....--........- 22,890 1,676 24,566
College of Education ......--..-.--...... ...... ........ ................ 52,400 52,400
Miscellaneous .---.--..-..--------... ..------..----.-. 1,440 17,550 18.990

Totals 1,000,336 416,423 1,416,759



1950 51

Government Other Total
Engineering and Industrial Experiment Station ......... 447,456 63,480 510,986
Agricultural Experiment Station .................................. 26,500 43,084 69,584
Physics Department ........................ ............... ... 98,607 98,607
Cancer Research Laboratory ...................................................... 39,900 10,000 49,900.
Pharmacy College .................................... .............. 5,200 3,600 8,800
Chemistry Department ...................... ....... .......... 46,000 46,000
Totals 663,663 120,164 783,827

Fuller Warren, Governor (term expires Jan. 1, 1953) Tallahassee, A&S, 1928
Dan McCarty, Governor-elect (takes office Jan. 1, 1953) Ft. Pierce, BSA, 1934
J. Ed Larson, Treasurer, Tallahassee, LLB, 1933
Richard W. Ervin, Jr., Attorney General, Tallahassee, LLB, 1928
Robert A. Gray, Secretary of State, Tallahassee, Journalism, 1903
Thomas D. Bailey, Superintendent of Public Instruction, MAE, 1939
Alfred A. McKethan, Chairman of State Road Dept., Tallahassee, BSBA, 1931
James T. Landon, Hotel Commissioner, Tallahassee, BSBA, 1935
Arch Livingston, Motor Vehicle Commissioner, Tallahassee, A&S, 1927
H. L. (Tom) Sebring, Tallahassee, LLB, 1928
B. K. Roberts, Tallahassee, LLB, 1928
U. S. Senators
Spessard L. Holland, Bartow, LLB, 1916
George Smathers, Miami, LLB, 1938
U. S. Representatives
A. S. Herlong, Jr., Leesburg, LLB, 1930
Charles Bennett, Jacksonville, AB & JD, 1934
Chester B. McMullen, Clearwater, LLB, 1924 (Retiring Jan. 1, 1953) Mr. McMullea
is being replaced by Courtney Camp
bell who is not an alumnus of the
U. of F.
William Lantaff, Miami, LLB, 1936
D. R. "Billy" Matthews, Congressmen-elect, Gainesville, BA 1929 and MA 1948
Duval Circuit Edwin Ladd Jones, 1354 San Mateo Ave., Jacksonville, LLB, 1933
5th Circuit F. R. Hocker, Ocala, LLB, 1913
6th Circuit John Dickinson, 2555 Third Ave., St. Petersburg, LLB, 1926
6th Circuit Orville L. Dayton, Jr., Dade City, LLB, 1932
8th Circuit John A. H. Murphree, Gainesville, LLB, 1928



Terry B. Patterson, Court House, Orlando, LLB, 1936
William A. Herin, 219 N.E. 20th St., Miami, LLB, 1933
Francis Lynn Gerald, Court House, Ft. Myers, LLB, 1935
W. T. Harrison, Bradenton, LLB, 1912
I. C. Spoto, 2914 Aquila St., Tampa, LLB, 1928
E. Clay Lewis, 385 Bunkers Cove Road, Panama City, LLB, 1929
George W. Tedder, Jr., Blount Building, Ft. Lauderdale, LLB, 1948
Joseph S. White, Box 46, West Palm Beach, LLB, 1923
Aquilino Lopez, Jr., 1426 Reynolds, Key West, LLB, 1933

State Senators
Philip D. Beall, Florida National Bank Building, Pensacola, LLB, 1937
C. H. Bourke Floyd, Apalachicola, AB, 1930
Dewey M. Johnson, Quincy, LLB, 1930
Harry E. King, Beymer Building, Winter Haven, Law 23-25
James E. (Nick) Connor, Inverness, Ed. 22.24
W. T. Davis, Madison, LLB, 1924
Evans Crary, Stuart, LLB, 1927
C. LeRoy Adams, Live Oak, A&S, 29-31, deceased. (Dr. Adams was shot and killed by
Ruby McCullom, negress, on
Wayne E. Ripley, 1016 Lynch Building, Jacksonville, LLB, 1929
J. B. Rodgers, Jr., P. O. Box 417, Winter Garden, LLB, 1939
S. D. Clarke, Monticello, East Florida Seminary
James A. Franklin, P. O. Box 1111, Ft. Myers, LLB, 1921
Doyle E. Carlton, Jr., Wauchula, GC, 1943
E. William Gautier, 1200 Magnolia St., New Smyrna Beach, LLB, 1933
George W. Leaird, 210 Blount Building, Ft. Lauderdale, LLB, 1935
Verle A. Pope, P. O. Box 519, St. Augustine, A&S, 24-25
W. A. Shands, 207 N. E. 9th Ave., Gainesville, Law 1906-10 and 1926-28
George C. Dayton, P. O. Box 244, Dade City, LLB, 1933

tRouse of Representatives
,Ralph D. Turlington, 1904 N. W. 13th St., Gainesville, BSBA, 1942
J. Emory (Red) Cross, P. O. Box 411, Gainesville, BSBA & LLB, 1945
SJohn J. Crews, P. O. Box 264, Macclenny, LLB, 1949
J. Ed Stokes, 200 Harrison Ave., Panama City, Law 15-16
Doyle E. Conner, Starke, BSA, 1952
John S. Burwell, 720 S.W. 12th Avenue, Ft. Lauderdale, Ed. 1925
Thomas E. (Ted) David, 2206 Funston St., Hollywood, BA 1942
Marion B. Knight, Blountstown, Law 20-21
George S. Okell, 902 Biscayne Bldg., Miami, Law, 1930
Wm. Lacy Mahon, Jr., 702 Graham Bldg., Jacksonville, LLB, 1949
SRobert L. Floyd, 607 Biscayne Blvd., Miami, UC 1936-37
Cecil G. Costin, Jr., Port St. Joe, LLB, 1948
J. W. McAlpin, White Springs, Ag. 1919-20
James S. Moody, Plant City, 1BSBA & LLB, 1939
SThomas Johnson, 310 Tampa St., Tampa, LLB, 1948
Sam M. Gibbons, 918 First National Bank Bldg., Tampa, LLB, 1947

Sherman N. Smith, Jr., 1601 20th St., Vero Beach, Extension Div. Courses, 1941
Hugh Dukes, Cottondale, BSA, 1934 & MSA, 1939
Prentice P. Pruitt, Monticello, LLB, 1950
J. A. (Tar) Boyd, Leesburg, Bus. Ad., 1937
Carl E. Duncan, Tavares, LLB, 1923
Frank Marshburn, Box 69, Bronson, A&S, 1912-15
Walter O. Sheppard, P. O. Box 1910, Ft. Myers, LLB, 1950
Joe Bill Rood, 1209 14th St., Bradenton, BA, 1941
C. Farris Bryant, 1016 E. Palm St., Ocala, BSBA, 1935
Willard Ayers, P. O. Box 591, Ocala, BA & LLB, 1936
Ferrin C. Campbell, P. O. Box 235, Crestview, LLB, 1950
Henry W. Land, Apopka, BSA, 1933
James E. Keezel, Box 506, Winter Park, A&S and Law 25-31
Owen S. Allbritton, III, Bank of Clearwater, Clearwater, LLB, 1951
F. Charles Usina, P. O. Box 177, St. Augustine, A&S, 1936
Charles E. Shepperd, St. Augustine, Honorary Member
Frank Fee, Ft. Pierce, LLB, 1935
Mack N. Cleveland, Jr., Atlantic National Bank Bldg., Sanford, GC 194243
J. C. Getzen, Jr., Bushnell, LLB, 1930
Jeff Webb, P. O. Box 66, Chipley, BSA, 1942


Deceased Faculty
Beal, John Walter, Shop Foreman, Engineering Experiment Station, April 14, 1951
Clover, George William, Coordinator, Veterans Administration Accounts and Head
Cashier, March 14, 1951
Howard, Everett Edmunds, University Physician, Physical Education, May 15, 1951
Reed, Harold Merrill, Chemist, Vegetable Processing, Horticulture, Agriculture
Experiment Station, May 21, 1951
Tomlin, Robert Franklin, Assistant Professor of Law, December 23, 1951
Warner, Jacob Dewey, Vice Director in Charge, North Florida Experiment Station,
November 17, 1951
Bau, Daniel Tshu-Eng, Assistant Professor of Architecture, May 23, 1952
Heath, Fred Harvey, Professor of Chemistry, January 26, 1952
Miller, Herbert Leroy, Collier County Agent, Agricultural Extension Service, January
23, 1952
Jackson, Vestus Twiggs, Professor of Chemistry, November 25, 1950
Keown, Mary Ellen, State Home Demonstration Agent, August 11, 1950
Nola, Louise, Assistant Professor of Accounting, June 4, 1950
Otis, Merriam Cope, Interim Professor of Pharmacognosy & Pharmacology, January 28,
Powell, P. J., Associate Meteorologist, June 29, 1950
Wilmot, Royal James, Assistant Horticulturist, Agricultural Experiment Station, May -
7, 1950

Faculty on Retirement

Ayer, Althea F., LI, Negro Madison County Home Demonstration Agent, November
11, 1951
Bless, Arthur Aaron, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus of Physics, August 31, 1951
Brush, Warren David, Ph.D., Instructor in Dendrology (Silviculture), June 30, 1951
Newins, Harold Stephenson, MF, Director of School of Forestry, and Professor of
Forestry, June 30, 1951
Simpson, Thomas Marshall, Ph.D., Dean Emeritus of the Graduate School and Pro-
fessor Emeritus of Mathematics, June 30, 1951
Ziegler, Edwin Allen, ScD, Professor of Forest Management and Economics, June 30,
McCarty, Martin E., MA, Interim Assistant Professor of Freshmen Mathematics, June
15, 1952
Roesel, Tillie A., MSA, Sumter County Home Demonstration Agent, June 30, 1952
Smith, Arthur Alien, Interim Instructor in Architecture, June 30, 1952
Atkin, Ernest George, Ph.D., Professor of French, July 1, 1950
Crago, Alfred, Ph.D., Head, Veterans' Guidance Center, June 30, 1950
Dunn, Charlotte Delia, MA, Instructor in Elementary Education, June 30, 1950
Leake, James Miller, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus of History, June 30, 1950
Mowry, Harold, MSA, Director Emeritus, Agriculture Experiment Station, January 31,
Stevens, Frederick Delos, BS, Sugar Cane Agronomist, Agricultural Experiment Sta-
tion, June 30, 1950
Stevens, Grace Adams, MA, Instructor in Elementary Education, June 30, 1950

To the President of the University
Sir: I submit the reports covering the activities of the College of Agriculture, in-
cluding the School of Forestry, the Agricultural Experiment Stations, and the Agricultural
Extension Service for the biennium ending June 30, 1952. Also included is the report
for the Conservation Reserve at Welaka. These reports not only summarize accomplish-
ments, but also point up the ever-increasing importance to the state of the University's
program of teaching, research, and extension in the fields of agriculture and forestry.
Director H. S. Newins of the School of Forestry retired June 30, 1951, after 16 years
of service. During this period he developed the School from a one-man department in
the College to a fully accredited one among the forestry schools of America. Dr.
Clemens M. Kaufman, professor of forestry at North Carolina State College was appointed
to succeed him, effective July 1, 1951.
Respectfully submitted,
J. Wayne Reitz
Provost for Agriculture

To the President of the University
Sir: I have the honor to submit the following report for the Resident Instruction
Division of the College of Agriculture for the biennium ending June 30, 1952.

During the biennium there was a gradual decrease in enrollment of under-graduate
students in the College of Agriculture from the peak reached in the 1948-50 biennium,
but a considerable increase in enrollment of graduate students. There were 415 Bachelor
of Science in Agriculture degrees awarded during the biennium compared with 559
during the preceding biennium. Work with graduate students was much heavier, how-
ever, and the facilities and staff were taxed to the utmost to offer the desired quality of
training on the graduate level. During the biennium 160 graduate degrees were awarded
to students majoring in some phase of agriculture as follows: 77 Master of Agriculture,
45 Master of Science in Agriculture, 32 Master of Science, and 6 Doctor of Philosophy
degrees. At the beginning of the biennium the Doctorate was being offered in Fruit
Production, Vegetable Production, and Animal Nutrition only. Farm Management, Agri-
cultural Marketing, Plant Pathology and Soils qualified as additional areas for offering
this degree. The Department of Agronomy has submitted its program to offer the'
Doctorate to the Graduate Council for its consideration. There are several areas in the
College of Agriculture where the staff is well qualified to offer work leading to this
degree, but laboratory facilities and equipment are the limiting factors for making the
request up to the present time. It is the hope that these handicaps may be overcome at
the earliest practicable date. Many well qualified students are being turned down and
sent to other graduate schools because of this lack of physical essentials for high quality
There has been but very slight change in the number of staff members in the College
of Agriculture during the biennium. Emphasis has been placed on quality rather than
on quantity. At the beginning of the biennium there were 63 staff members, including
24 who were engaged in part-time research or extension work in the Agricultural Ex-
periment Station or the Agricultural Extension Service. At the present time the staff
numbers 69, but 35 of these men are part-time employees of the research or the extension
divisions. It is essential for a good teacher to keep abreast of the research in his
particular field, and much better results in the teaching program are attained when the
instructor, can offer first hand the results of his research.
During the biennium two of our staff members were called back into military service
and were granted leave for an indefinite period. Three members of the staff were
awarded their doctorate degrees at outstanding universities, and five other members
have been granted leaves for varying periods of time for graduate study. Professor John
R. Greenman was granted leave from September 1, 1950 to August 31, 1951 to serve with
the Point-4 Program in Europe where he rendered outstanding service in assisting with
the establishment of Agricultural Extension Service work in Holland, Turkey, Greece,
Italy and Portugal. Dr. John T. Creighton, Head of the Department of Entomology, is
currently on leave for one year with the Economic Cooperative Administration to assist
with the organization of a College of Agriculture in Bangkok, Thailand. Particular
note is made of the work of Professor W. F. Callander who was a special lecturer on the
staff of the Department of Agricultural Economics for the biennium. He made a great
contribution to the work of that department in offering an advanced course in agricul-
tural statistics and to the University as a whole in the establishment of a much needed
Statistical Laboratory. Professor Callander was for over a quarter of a century at the
head of the Crop and Livestock Estimates work for the Nation and is recognized inter-
nationally as an outstanding authority in the field of agricultural statistics.
The only change in the departmental setup of the College of Agriculture during the
biennium was the approval of the recommendation to establish a separate Department
of Bacteriology. In the past, the Division of Botany has administered the teaching

. programs in Bacteriology, Botany and Plant Pathology. This separation of the work
S..will be mutually beneficial. This change became effective on July 1, 1952 and plans are
Snow in progress to strengthen the program in Bacteriology.
The Rockefeller Foundation made a three-year grant of $30,000 to the College of
SAgriculture for the setting up of a Counsellor Program for Latin-American agricultural
Students. Professor Albert S. Muller, a graduate of Cornell University and with 27
Years of teaching, research and administrative experience in educational institutions in
Puerto Rico, Brazil, Venezuela, Guatemala and Honduras, has been engaged to head
This program and will report for duty on September 1, 1952. Professor Muller is a
plant pathologist and plans to offer courses in his field along with his duties as
Counsellor to our ever-growing number of Latin-American students in agriculture.
Although the great need for additional office, laboratory and equipment for per-
-forming better work in the training of agricultural students is not to be minimized,
Such progress has been made, particularly in laboratory facilities, during the biennium,
but the use of most of these facilities is just becoming available at the beginning of the
1952-53 academic year. Partial completion of a new Poultry Husbandry Unit will assist
materially in the teaching of poultry practices. The completion of an Agronomy Field
Laboratory with the use of adjoining land for essential practice work and the installation
Sof new equipment has given much needed relief to previous overcrowded conditions.
SThe first unit of a Meats Laboratory has been completed and a Livestock Pavillion has
been partially completed. Even these uncompleted laboratories will give much im-
mediate assistance to the work in the Department of Animal Husbandry and Nutrition
Sfor handling students in meats and in livestock judging. The work in Dairy Husbandry
has improved rapidly since the completion of the dairy research unit near Hague. The
Present dairy herd of 216 animals has been improved materially through breeding and
purchases and is available for student laboratory training, including judging, breeding,
''milk secretion, feeding and management studies. Also, the Department of Horticulture
"moved into its new greenhouse area in January, 1951, and has made much progress in
,adapting this new area for the more adequate training of horticultural students. Early
'in the spring of 1952 it was learned that the Men's Garden Club of Gainesville was
experiencing difficulty in finding a suitable location for the projected Wilmot Memorial
Camellia Garden, in honor of the late R. J. Wilmot of the Agricultural Experiment
Station Horticulture Department and nationally known as Secretary of the American
Camellia Society. Camellia plants had been donated for this project by friends from
all over the camellia-growing areas of the United States. The Department of Horticulture
offered a site in its new area which was eagerly accepted by the Men's Garden Club.
'It is the hope that this Memorial Garden will serve as the beginning of a more extensive
arboretum and that it will prove a real asset to the University of Florida campus.
Respectfully submitted,
C. V. NOBLE, Dean

To the President of the University
Sir: Florida's growth and development are very rapid at the present time. Her econ-
omy rests largely on her agriculture, and organized research is the main prop of this large
agricultural industry. It is interesting to speculate what the State's economy might be
now if the vast Everglades, since 1925, had remained unproductive; if her citrus groves,
since 1935, had yielded less and less, and if her beef production, now twelfth in the USA

had remained static during the last several decades. The loss or severe curtailment of
production of one or more of Florida's major crops such as citrus, tomato, potato, to-
bacco, watermelon, or others, or of her livestock would prove disastrous. However, such
dangerous situations have confronted the agricultural enterprises on numerous occasions
and in these research has pointed the way to renewed satisfactory and increased output.
Organized agricultural research has made progress. During the past biennium fifty.
seven new research projects were initiated. These, including many problems of numer-
ous agricultural enterprises, are investigated directly or cooperatively by the twelve
departments of the Main Station, by the nine branch stations or by the five field
laboratories of the station system. In addition, during this time thirteen other projects
were completely revised and brought up to date; many others were continued, but
twenty-four were closed either because sufficient data had been obtained, or because
changing situations no longer warranted their continuance. The total number of active
projects at the close of the biennium is 237.
Many problems of agriculture are not merely those of single areas of investigation but
require the combined and cooperative effort of researchers of different specialized fields
of training. In agricultural research there is a tendency more and more toward coopera-
tive effort. In this, Florida's organized program is no exception. Many of the present,
and particularly newer of the 237 active projects are cooperative in that they cut across
departmental lines. In directing such a program of research it is of primary importance
to encourage team work; such commendable cooperative effort is not infrequent in the
Florida Stations and it is productive of results.

Improvements and Additions
Many changes, additions and improvements occur in the physical equipment and
facilities during the course of a biennium in an institution as large as the Florida
Agricultural Experiment Stations. At the Main Station the dairy research unit, men-
tioned in the previous report, has been completed except for certain auxiliary buildings
and placed in full operation; a beef research unit is being developed on a tract of 700
acres where most of the area was cleared, miles of fences built, some necessary buildings
constructed thereon, and a herd of cattle acquired for this research program; a new
poultry unit, complete except for an office and classroom building, consisting of laying
houses, skid houses, breeding houses, a laboratory building, and a superintendent's
cottage, has been established; a meats laboratory and a livestock pavilion are nearing
completion, and additional facilities, including a tobacco curing barn and several small
greenhouses for plant virus research, were provided for the Veterinary Science,
Agronomy, Plant Pathology, and other departments.
Implement and grain storage sheds were constructed at the Potato Investigations
Laboratory, the Citrus, Everglades, Range Cattle and West Florida Stations; a labora-
tory and office building, several tenant houses, and other needed buildings were con-
structed on the properties of the North Florida Station (including the Mobile Units).
Water wells were drilled and pumping units installed at several of the field laboratories
and branch stations, and various items of equipment for laboratory or field use were
During the biennium the Suwannee Valley Station at Live Oak was activated and
another unit, officially named the Indian River Field Laboratory, was established together
with buildings and equipment near Ft. Pierce for research on citrus, vegetables and field
crops in that area. This Laboratory is operated jointly by the Citrus Station for citrus
research, and the Everglades Station for vegetable and farm crop research.

Editorial and Mailing
In keeping with the ever-expanding research work of its staff members, the Station
issued its largest number of publications ever published in a biennium. These included
31 new bulletins, 1,085 pages and 275,500 copies; six bulletins reprinted, 212 pages and
103,500 copies; 32 new circulars, 254 pages and 351,500 copies; and seven press bulletins
were reprinted, including 28 pages and 31,500 copies. The six page bulletin list was
printed five times for a total of 10,000 copies. In addition to these Station publications,
individual staff members of the Station system published, as listed in the two annual
reports of the biennium, about 535 articles in outside scientific journals and periodicals.
Hundreds of thousands of new and old bulletins were distributed from the Mailing
Room on request.
Station staff members other than Editors presented 231 radio talks on the Florida
Farm Hour over WRUF. Of these, 207 were revised and forwarded as farm flashes to 37
other radio stations. Station workers were quoted in the weekly Florida Farm Review
script prepared here and distributed by the Associated Press and in the monthly Florida
Gardens script by the same agency, which began in September, 1951.
A library of taped features, ready for distribution on request, was started with eight
talks taped at the Citrus Station. A number of talks were put on tape and sent to radio
The Station was covered frequently in news stories to daily and weekly newspapers
and Florida, Southern and national farm journals.

Library space in a growing institution is constantly at a premium. By transferring
1500 volumes of duplicates or little used material to recently acquired but temporary
additional storage it was possible to secure some relief for the crowded shelves, and to
Reduce some of the physical load on the staff. All of the shelves were rearranged to the
Advantage of patrons and staff.
The Library has 27,799 bound volumes. It added 3,777 volumes of which 2,222 were
purchased through the College of Agriculture book allocation and 1,555 out of the
Agricultural Experiment Station Library's budget. The latter were fully cataloged by
this Library's catalogers as were 16,575 domestic and foreign documents. Parts of
Periodicals totalling 11,503 were received, cataloged and shelved. The catalogers pre-
Siared and typed 45,911 cards, and made notations and corrections on 5,609, while the
University Library furnished 4,964 cards covering the books purchased from the College
tf Agriculture book fund. Altogether 56,484 cards were added to the catalog during the
biennium. This Library also furnished 251 main entry cards to the University Central
Catalog. Progress is being made on cataloging Latin-American documents and to
-increase the holdings of such material.
Circulation: 1821 pieces of material were lent to the branch-stations while 38,020
pieces were lent on the campus. Beside staff and faculty using the Library for which no
record was kept, 19,037 students used it.

Federal- State Frost Warning Service
Intensive frost and weather forecasting service was conducted in cooperation with the
United States Weather Bureau covering the whole of the Florida peninsula. In the ad-
ministration of the forecasting and temperature survey work the peninsula is subdivided
into ten field districts with a meteorologist in charge of each district under the super-

vision of the Lakeland Office. Each field meteorologist made his winter residence within
the local area under his supervision. These ten districts were equipped with a total of
400 temperature survey stations, all in operation during the biennium, most of which
were equipped with thermometers and thermographs so that the duration of critical
temperatures could be measured. Results of the temperature survey and research work
were published in ten mimeographed volumes each season.
Specialized frost and minimum temperature forecasts were issued from the Lakeland
headquarters during the winter seasons for the ten districts, for groves, and truck fields
so that the temperature forecast could easily be adapted to individual farms. The fore-
casts for both seasons proved highly accurate. The 1950-51 season had 65 nights on
which frost and/or freezing temperatures were recorded while the 1951-52 season experi.
enced 41 such nights. Specialized shippers' forecasts, operational weather forecasts and
localized rain forecasts were furnished daily to interested shippers and growers. Consid-
erable research in frost protection was conducted at sites in the field and at the meteoro-
logical laboratory at Lakeland. Research in temperature forecasting in Florida is a
continuing project, and research results are reflected in forecast verifications.

Agricultural Economics
Research on cost of producing citrus fruits, important vegetable crops and dairy
products, which has been conducted for a number of years, was continued in the biennial-
ending June 30, 1952. The findings of these cost studies are used extensively by growers
in determining the most profitable production practices. Vegetable farmers are concerned
over the increasing per acre cost of producing vegetables. These costs have risen more
than the prices received for vegetables in the past few years. This research indicates
that the use of higher yielding varieties than commonly used, mechanization of farms
and proper fertilization and cultural practices will materially assist in keeping per unit
(package) cost down. Costs data of producing dairy products is considered essential in '
fixing the price of milk in the important cities of the State.
In cooperation with the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station and the Farm Credit
Administration, USDA, costs and factors affecting costs of harvesting, packing fresh citrns
fruit, and processing citrus products were obtained on Florida and Texas citrus.
In cooperation with the Crop and Livestock Estimating Board of the USDA, growers
in Florida were kept advised as to supplies and market conditions at different seasons of
the year.
A study of the preference for citrus fruit, conducted at the household level in a small
southern city, was begun in 1950. The study showed that consumers have distinct pref-
erences for certain types of fresh fruits and processed citrus products. In most cases,
if the preferred product cannot be had, consumers will accept another citrus product but
in reduced quantity. In some cases apples, bananas and other fresh fruits are substituted
when the desired citrus product is not available or if the price is considered out of line
Most consumers believe that citrus has valuable health qualities but they are unfamiliar
with what these qualities are. The results of this study, now in the hands of the printers,
will be of material assistance in guiding advertising programs on citrus fruits.
The demand for citrus fruit in the Memphis, Tennessee, market was conducted in;
cooperation with the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. The work carried on at
Memphis in 1951 and at Jacksonville, Florida, in 1950 yielded important data on'
merchandising techniques but was disappointing in determining the effect of price on
quantity purchased. Because of this it was necessary to develop a new approach to this
problem. An experimental design, which is a novice in economic research, was devised

:by Dr. Marshall R. Godwin of our department and has been used in a study of demand
on the Lexington, Kentucky, market. While the field work was only completed in early
june, 1952, preliminary results are most gratifying.
A study of part-time farming in the Jacksonville area has been undertaken to deter-
mine the contribution and factors affecting contribution of farming to people engaged
in industry. Preliminary results indicate that food for home needs and relaxation are
the chief contributions of part-time farming. A study of farming by retired people,
closely related to part-time farming, has recently been initiated. Because of Florida's
climate and other advantageous conditions, much interest is being manifested in this
Cooperating with the Farm Credit Administration, USDA, analyses have been made
of the sales programs used by firms handling California walnuts and California lemons
to determine if the sales programs used with these commodities are applicable to Florida
The effect that waxing of Florida potatoes had on demand for potatoes was determined
In research conducted on the Baltimore market. Customers preferred waxed potatoes to
vnwaxed in a ratio of 4 to 1. Furthermore, waxing increased the sales of Florida pota-
etoe. In the biennial 1948-50, losses resulting from potato spoilage were found to be
gely due to improper equipment and handling. During the biennial just closed,
'harvesting and packing house equipment and improved methods of handling which re-
Sduces the injury of potatoes in the marketing processes have been determined partly.
Under a Bureau of Agricultural Economics, USDA, contract of approximately $14,000,
'a study to determine the characteristics of movements by type of carrier and reasons
fbr shippers to choose one type of transport rather than another for shipment of fresh
'ithrus, is being conducted.
Through cooperative arrangement with the Bureau of Agricultural Economics work
'as been initiated on the potential utilization of land for grazing and alternate uses.

Agricultural Engineering
During the biennium, research was continued on previously reported projects relating
i' curing hay in Florida, and irrigation, fertilization and culture of flue-cured tobacco.
4Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin No. 477, "Artificial Drying of Hay and Seed
ith a Slatted Floor System," and Circular No. S-27, "Fumigation and Equipment for
flematode Control in Soils for Flue-Cured Tobacco," report the results of some of the
work done on these two projects. The initial phase of flue-cured tobacco irrigation
searchh has been completed and a publication reporting the results is being prepared.

Three additional projects were initiated during the biennium. They are: Design
aind Operation of Heat Exchangers for Farm Drying Equipment; Determination of Opti.
flum Air Deliver, Air Temperature and Depth of Seed for Mechanical Drying; and,
Irrigation of Permanent Pasture for Lactating Dairy Cows. Considerable data have been
accumulated relative to these projects. A manuscript, entitled "Mechanical Drying
*of Peanuts" is in press.
SA full time Assistant Research Agricultural Engineer has recently been added to the
jtaff in order that the research program could be expanded. As a result, preliminary
work and plans have been made for the following projects: A Study of Seed Scarifi.
cation; Flat-Woods Pasture Irrigation; Equipment and Methods for Pasture Renovation,
,and Methods of Reducing Harvester Damage to Irish Potatoes.

Progress was made in continuing investigations of nutrition and management of field
crops and pastures, and development of improved varieties. Additional personnel and
facilities would provide for more rapid solutions of some of the many problems arising
Among tests of legumes the Early Runner peanut, a new variety, developed from an
artificial cross was released to growers in 1951. It is twenty days earlier than the common
Florida Runner-an advantage for early feeding-and produces higher yields and better
quality of dug peanuts for market. Floranna clover was selected by researchers of the
department and released to certified seed growers in 1951. It is significantly better
adapted in Florida than is any other variety of annual white sweet clover for pastures on
higher lands. Alfalfa hay production of three to five tons per acre has been obtained
with adequate liming and fertilization for four years. The Hairy Peruvian variety was
used in these trials and the hay was fed by ANIMAL HUSBANDRY in tests where it
compares favorably with other hays. Big trefoil has shown good herbage production
throughout the year on wet or moist soils of Central and North Florida and is recom.
mended for pastures. Imported white clover seed, particularly New Zealand, has proven
decidedly inferior and Southern White and Ladino produce the most grazing.
Jumbo peanuts are not grown in Florida although they are now in very great demand.
Usually they do not fill well under Florida conditions, but heavy yields have been pro.
duced in test for two years on the better peanut soils, where gypsum dust was used at
early bloom stage and where harvesting was earlier than that of common runner peanuts'
to prevent shedding of nut in the soil.
Among more than 3,000 selections of sweet lupines, none were satisfactory in
disease resistance nor as vigorous as common bitter varieties. Attempts to break the
repulsion linkage of sweet type and vigor with X-ray treatments have been initiated.
Approximately 500 new forage crop introductions of grasses and legumes have been
received from the USDA each year, planted in the nursery, and growth and other charac.
ters recorded. A few of these appear promising.
Extensive work to obtain rootknot resistance combined with good flue-cured tobacco
leaf type has failed so far because of an apparent tight repulsion linkage in available
material. Attempts to break the linkage with X-ray treatments are in progress.
Marked responses in growth to the sulfate ion have been obtained with peanuts,
tobacco and corn on Arredondo and Hernando fine sands. Sulfur seems of greater im-
portance than usually believed. More investigations on this point have been started.
Development of white-bud of corn and correction with zinc depend somewhat on
weather factors and season of the year.
Studies with radioactive calcium strongly suggest that calcium deficiency in any part
of the root zone will inhibit plant growth.
Clipping trials indicate more forage from wheat than from oats in the cooler
winter months.
Yields of nearly all crops are improved by addition of organic matter to the soil
such as turning cover crops or crop residues.
A turf specialist added to the staff in 1951, has surveyed turf problems throughout
Florida. This research program is beginning with evaluation of a number of grass
varieties, and systems of management including fertilization, irrigation and pest control

Animal Husbandry and Nutrition
Considerable progress was made in this department during the biennium through
'research conducted either directly or cooperatively with many other of the station's
i,-departments and with several of the branch stations. In addition to the new facilities
mentioned above, provision was also made for more intensive research by adding to the
.:'taff an Animal Breeding and Genetics specialist. This addition together with the meats
'laboratory, livestock pavilion, and a new beef research unit strengthens the research
ief the department materially.
Much of the research in animal nutrition has attracted the interest of several com-
'mercial firms, who are cooperating through grants in aid, or the donation of materials.
SThis too has aided in furthering the research of the department. The use of radioactive
aisotopes to investigate the function of trace minerals in farm animal nutrition has brought
'national and international recognition to the Nutrition Laboratory. During the period
[1950-1952 use of radioisotopes has made possible (1) the demonstration that levels of
l.molybdenum such as occur naturally in the state cause abnormally rapid loss of phos-
Tphorus from cattle body stores; (2) that copper counteracts molybdenum through enzy-
bpmatic pathways and not direct combination; (3) that calcium is excreted in the small
Sintestine and then reabsorbed so that high calcium to phosphorus ratios as occur with
Seitrus products on winter ranges accentuate a phosphorus deficiency and should be
"corrected by feeding additional phosphorus; (4) older animals, as in a breeding herd,
! require minerals at levels comparable to rapidly growing young animals; (5) zinc, at
much higher levels than occur in Florida products and pastures, is not a hazard to cattle
r. because it is not absorbed from the intestine; (6) that dairy cattle and poultry obtain
a large proportion of the calcium and phosphorus from the feed of the day corresponding
to the production of milk and egg, thus emphasizing the need for a constant supply
.af a balanced mineral intake; (7) that thyroxine is the only hormone of the thyroid
required by chickens for growth and production; (8) that in swine, blood volume, per
100 pounds of live weight, decreases with increasing age and size.
Trace mineral studies, in addition to those involving radioisotopes, have demonstrated
(9) that heart failure (falling disease) of cattle apparently is due to a concurrent copper
d phosphorus deficiency; (10) that bulls once made severely deficient in copper may
be permanently or partially sterile; (11) that monstrosities in calves occur with ab-
.ormal frequency in copper deficiency-molybdenum toxicity areas and may be prevented
y high levels of copper in the ration.
New feeds have been evaluated and dehydrated celery tops, bean vine meal, ammo-
ited citrus pulp, sweet potato feed, protein enriched sweet potato feed, and dehydrated
para and carib grasses have been shown to be valuable livestock feeds when incorporated
proper amounts in the rations. As a by-product of the studies with dehydrated grasses
Shas been shown that muck-produced grasses are abnormally rich in carotene, (pro
tamin A), chlorophyll, and protein at certain stages of production.
SThis department, along with Lederle Laboratories, was among the first to show that
antibiotics were beneficial for animal feeding. The Florida Station has been a leader
'in the new and many developments which have occurred on the role of antibiotics in
animal feeding. Antibiotics are now used in swine, poultry, and calf feeds throughout
the world. The adoption of the use of antibiotics in animal feeds by most, if not all,
feed manufacturers followed very rapidly after the Florida Station showed their beneficial
role in swine feeding.
Studies have shown that antibiotics are needed throughout the growing-fattening
period of the pig. If the antibiotic is taken away from the ration after the pig reaches

100 pounds in weight, the rate of gain is decreased. The Florida Station was the first to
show that aureomycin will lower the protein needs of the pig. Investigations of thil
type now conducted by numerous experiment stations throughout the country confirm
the Florida work. This will result in a saving of thousands of tons of protein supplements
in swine and poultry feeding throughout the United States as well as other countries.
It has been shown that a new processed cottonseed meal made by the USDA SoutherA
Regional Laboratories of New Orleans can be fed as the sole protein supplement for
growing fattening pigs in dry-lot. Previous to this finding, cottonseed meal was used
only at a maximum level of 10 per cent in the ration. The Florida studies show thai
levels as high as 35 per cent of the new processed meal can be used with excellent result
The Florida Station was the first to show that the new vitamin, B13, was of benefit tj
the pig. This vitamin is needed for its rapid growth. Tests have shown that a factor ia
soybean meal which pigs need for growth is destroyed when the meal is over-heated; alsu
that urea will give excellent results as a protein substitute when added to citrus molasseO
for beef cattle feeding.
Preliminary trials showed that the addition of a small amount of dry hay is of ca
siderable benefit when fed to cattle when grazing oats. It helps in rate of gain and
preventing scouring. Pangola and Bermuda grasses produced good hays for beef cattle
Inasmuch as they compare very favorably with prairie hay in feeding value, these local
grown hays can be used to replace some of the approximate ten million dollars worth o
hay which is imported into Florida each year.

Dairy Science
Research in dairy production has been expanded and now includes effects of aure,
mycin on growth of dairy calves when fed the antibiotic. Other studies have been cot
tinued and one of them expanded to include results obtained on artificial breeding. T
young bulls have been selected to correct off-type of mammary system and udder
tachments revealed in an official classification of 35 young Jerseys. Of 647 complex
records of bulls formerly in artificial service over 75 per cent were 5 to 10 years
when inducted into artificial service. The average gain for the period of 61 through
days of age of 6 calves receiving aureomycin supplementation was 74.9 pounds as co
pared to 62.7 pounds for 6 other calves on the control ration.
Dairy manufacturers research conducted on ice cream indicates that undesira
effects of hard water minerals contributed to the mix when water is used as a dilu
can be overcome by the use of emulsifying materials. Softening of the hard water
means of a sodium ion exchanger also corrected difficulties due to hard water. T
have been developed for the detection of antibiotics in milk. Standard plate counts
milk showed only a two-fold increase during storage when raw milk contained 0.1
penicillin per milliliter as compared to a 20-fold increase in the control. In additi
to inhibiting growth of Streptococcus lactis penicillin in concentration of 0.3 to 0.6
per milliliter reduced acid production of Lactobacillus acidophilus, L. bulgaricus and
case by about 50 per cent.

New and improved insecticides are still being made available to Florida agricult
and much of the work of this Department was related to these materials and their ev
nation as controls for the various pests. Tests on flue-cured tobacco proved that T
in the form of dusts, wettable powder and emulsion sprays is extremely effective aga
hornworms and budworms. This insecticide is now recommended as the standard co

Pol for these pests in Florida as well as elsewhere in the flue-cured tobacco belt. Several
lsecticides and miticides were tested on a variety of ornamental plants. Parathion
hu proven effective against most of the scales, whiteflies, aphids and other pests that
ack ornamentals.
SHoney plant investigations were begun on a two and a half acre area which can be
rigated when necessary. More than a hundred potential honey plants were introduced
borage, ever-flowering locust, and a few others promise to be of considerable value
sources of honey.
Work was started on projects related to insecticide residues on vegetables and other
duce, control of pasture pests, and the use of systemic insecticides in the control
insects and mites attacking ornamentals and other cultivated plants.
The department took an active part in the grasshopper research program and helped
Formulate control recommendations which are proving effective in the affected areas.
Members of the department took leadership in the revision of the entomological
tons of the Handbook of Pesticides which is being used so widely throughout Florida.
h many occasions they have given advice and help to farmers, county agents, seed and
icides dealers, and others confronted with insect problems.

Home Economics
During this biennium four bulletins and one technical paper were published from
Department of Home Economics. These publications dealt with the thiamine, ribo-
Sand niacin content of Florida-produced foods; the effect of processing on the
ritive value of milk; the nutritive value of various breads and supplements; and the
d preferences, together with some aspects of aging, of Florida men.
The present experimental work consists of studies of lasting effects of deficient diets
early life which may carry over on the subsequent life pattern of both animals and
s. Investigations indicate that a vitamin A deficiency in the early life of the
has profound effects on skeletal structure and on kidney and lung efficiency in later
Diets deficient in calcium and phosphorus in early life produced skeletal ab-
ities which were not corrected during realimentation on a complete diet. It
found also that a deficiency in bone building materials, of which calcium and
sphorus are the primary ones, is the chief cause of retardation of carpal develop-
tand of light mineralization in school children. Data now available indicate that
Deficiency began very early, perhaps even in prenatal life and extended over a
od of years.
Sweet corn prepackaged and non-packaged required rapid pre-cooling and low
perature storage (32 F.) to hold the sugar content. At higher temperatures, double
sugar loss frequently resulted in sealed packages compared with those ventilated.
Tomato transportation studies were conducted on a laboratory-built transit simula-
Swhich duplicated rail car shock and fruit injury. Market quality and shipping in-
es were closely correlated with maturity, with an increase in softening in the two
preceding pink stage. Bruising and off-flavors increased greatly when softening
ed in transit. Injuries to fruit caused by rough inner surfaces of the container
reduced by the use of a proper paper liner. Mature-green fruit borne in sunny
tions on vines ripened faster than in shaded, but the latter were firmer and had
gher total pigment when ripe. Number 89 of the Southern Tomato Exchange Pro-
and Jefferson tomatoes proved equal, or slightly superior, to Rutgers in yield

of marketable mature-green fruit. These and Urbana were equal to Rutgers in ripening
Black Valentine, Tendergreen, Top Crop and several numbered varieties of beans'
were found satisfactory for processing by canning and/or freezing, as were several'
varieties of sweet corn, cauliflower, broccoli and Korean peas. Smith's Perfect canta-
loupe, with approximately 25 % syrup solution, made a good frozen product.
Canned celery cuts could be maintained in good condition if packed in acidified.
liquid made with 2% salt, 0.3% citric acid, and the cans exhausted for five minutes and
processed for twenty minutes each at 212 F.
Vine killing and delayed harvest reduced skinning of potatoes.
An increase in growth and yield of beans and tomatoes was obtained with soil fumin
gation and no harmful residual soil effects were noted during three growing seasons.
Irrigation proved to be essential in high production of quality vegetables. No beneficial
effects and advantages were gained by foliar nitrogen sprays over soil applications in
greenhouse cultures.
The use of Korean Crowder Southern pea has been extended for breeding purposes
in attempts to develop better strains for home and commercial production. Several of
the English pea lines have shown up favorably, and Purple Florida 501 is one of the
several beans that show promise. Several cantaloupe crosses (Smith's Perfect and other
varieties) are being grown in an effort to develop a variety satisfactory for Florida pro,.
Vegetable work has been expanded to include pesticide residues. Research initiated
includes investigations in removal of DDT, parathion, chlordane and toxaphene ant
techniques involved in field and packing house sampling.
Trees of 21 low-chilling peach varieties have been planted at five locations in North-
ern Florida, and several plum varieties are under observation. Varieties of Ness berri
show promise as do some of the new blueberries. An organic mulch has proven itr
value in fruit plantings in combating nematodes.
Pecan trees (Moore) at Monticello and Quincy showed significantly less cold damage
when grown with potash in the fertilizer than where potash was omitted. Extensive
foliage samples contained less nitrogen in low than those from high-yielding pecan tree
which emphasizes the value of leguminous green manure crops grown in orchard maw
agement as determined by Station research.
Tung research showed that zinc sulfate applied within two feet of the tree trunk wa
effective in correcting bronzing. The importance of a proper nitrogen-potassium balance
in fertilizers has been established. Trees were not improved by boron which proved te
be toxic in relatively small amounts. Budded nursery trees and seedlings can be banker
to prevent cold injury when necessary.
It was found that certain tulip varieties would flower successfully following bl
storage for 60 days in 40" F. Hand-pollination and sulfuric acid treatment, or both, di
not increase germination of Phoenix roebelenii O'Brien, seed.
Mulching proved effective in maintaining an acid soil condition for camellias. Co
tinuous mist was found to be very effective in rooting cuttings of woody ornamentals i
both greenhouse and outside propagating benches.
Breeding work was started with roses and hibiscus for better and hardier material
for Florida. Several species of roses were assembled along with varieties for use in th

research. Tests to determine the best stocks for rose varieties have been started along
with general nutritional requirements of the plants.
SThe development of cards and selection of an accession system for plants has been
installed in the Department.

r Plant Pathology
Research during the biennium included investigations of virus diseases and damping-
Off of vegetables, diseases of small grains and pecans.
Work on virus diseases consisted of their identification, and determining their host
range and relative importance on certain crops. Three different viruses were found
which affect cucurbits growing in Central Florida. Two of these, cucumber mosaic and
watermelon mosaic viruses, evidently occur in several strains. Several distinct viruses
were found on pepper, and certain weeds have been implicated as sources of one or
more of the pepper viruses. In a test of approximately 450 kinds of peppers obtained
from various parts of the world for resistance to viruses, certain ones showed some re-
sistance or tolerance to cucumber mosaic and to tobacco mosaic. These will be used
in a breeding program in an effort to incorporate resistance in commercial varieties.
Virus diseases reported in 1950 have been causing material reductions in yields of
n weight and in seed of lupines. No satisfactory control has been found. Alta
blue, a bitter blue lupine, released in 1950 has produced greater yields of green weight
and seed in north Florida and Georgia than the commercial variety.
"Damping-off" and other diseases of cuttings in the propagation of nursery stock are
major problems and losses have been high. The organisms largely responsible are
species of the fungi Rhizoctonia, Phytophthora, Pythium and Fusarium. Tests show
these problems can be minimized by supplying cuttings with a continuous mist of water
-nder normal outside light intensity. Methyl bromide as a soil fumigant has been ef-
fective in greatly reducing the incidence of soil-borne diseases of nursery plants.
. Certain soil-inhabiting fungi which are antagonistic toward each other, when grown
:o artificial culture media, seem to offer little antagonism in builder's sand as measured
by the degree of pathogenicity to snap bean plants.
Methyl bromide has given satisfactory control of damping-off of celery seedlings in
plant beds where certain parasitic fungi are involved.
.Better stands and yields of snap beans were obtained when the vegetation was turned
nmder two or more weeks before planting the seed than when the seed was planted
immediately or one week after turning under the vegetation.
Surveys were made to determine prevalence and severity of small grain diseases,
ad the findings will be used as a basis for developing control methods. Methods have
been devised for maintaining the major parasites of small grains, including the obligate
4nes for year-round study in the laboratory. Field and laboratory epiphytotics have been
established for comparing various lines and progenies for resistance to diseases.
Staff members in the department took leadership in the revision of sections on plant
disease control in the Handbook of Pesticides. This manual has proven most valuable
a a guide in pest control.

Poultry Husbandry
The construction of the poultry unit on the Experiment Station tract along State
'Highway 24 was completed in the Spring of 1952. Buildings included in the new unit
are: a laboratory building, superintendent's dwelling, four large permanent poultry

houses, and 22 portable all-purpose poultry houses. This new unit although complete
except for an office and classroom building should permit research to meet the needs
of the poultry industry in Florida.
The flock of approximately 500 Single Comb White Leghorns, 400 Single Comb Rhode
Island Reds, 100 Light Sussex, and 200 New Hampshires has been maintained to provide
young stock and mature birds for experimental purposes and demonstrations.
Close cooperation with the Marketing Bureau and Poultry and Egg Inspection Division
of the State Department of Agriculture, the State Live Stock Sanitary Board, and other,
departments of the University of Florida in promoting the welfare of the Poultry In.
dustry of the State has been maintained.
Further efforts to detoxify citrus seed meal in order to render it satisfactory as a
source of vegetable protein for poultry feeding have been made, but without success.
High efficiency formulas for growing broilers in batteries were tested; these produced
birds averaging 3.25 pounds at 10 weeks of age on 2.6 pounds of feed per pound of body
Techniques in the use of radioactive calcium and phosphorus were developed at their
Station to study the uptake of these elements from the various segments of the ali-i
mentary tract. These isotopes were used to trace the secretion and deposition of calcium
and phosphorus in laying hens.
Sunflower seed meal was compared with soybean meal as a vegetable protein and
proved satisfactory for laying birds. Only one experiment using this product was con-
ducted. Results from this one trial indicate it was satisfactory for use in the diet of
young stock also.
Citrus molasses was added to the diet of young stock with very variable results.
More work must be done with this product before definite recommendations can be
Dehydrated para and carib grass were compared with alfalfa leaf meal as a component
of the diet for young stock in only one experiment. Results indicate that these products
can be used as a satisfactory replacement for alfalfa leaf meal.

The mapping of soils in the field was continued with 784 square miles being mapped
in detail in Sarasota, Escambia and Orange Counties; and 5,222 square miles of recow
naissance survey in the Kissimmee and Upper St. Johns Valleys. A soil association map
of Hillsborough County was published.
Experiments showed that the amount of anhydrous ammonia held by a soil was r
lated to the moisture content and the pH; also, that large losses of ammonia may resu
if applications greater than 50 pounds per acre are used on many of the sandy soils.
application of nitrogen for winter legume establishment in grass sod resulted in a sti
ulation of the grass and a decrease in stand of clover. Survival of clover plantings wa
increased by use of the minor elements, copper, zinc, manganese and boron on acid
flatwoods soils. Most soils in Peninsular Florida are critically deficient in sulfur an
the fertilizer for mineral soils where clover is grown must contain a source of sulfur
Experiments with radioactive phosphorus showed that superphosphate applied to
surface soil in fescue grass was more available than that applied three and six inch
deep; also, that 70 to 90 per cent of phosphorus uptake by corn on Greenville san
loam was from residual rock phosphate in the soil. No response to various sources

boron was obtained by summer-grown field crops, such as corn, cotton, peanuts and
SExperiments with DDT, Chlordane and Aldrin applied at normal rates as insecticides
had no effect on microbiological action in Arredondo fine sand. Soils fumigated three
C consecutive years with D-D and Dow-W40 produced beans that were poorly nodulated.
SNematode population in soil was larger under corn grown on the same land year after
year than in soil under peanuts grown successively in Norfolk fine sandy loam.
A new device called a "Water Picnometer" which indicates the per cent of moisture
i'in the soil was invented for use in large scale irrigation control.

Veterinary Science
Investigations are being continued on the nature, cause, agents of transmission, reser-
voir hosts, methods of diagnosis, treatment, prevention, control and other phases of
Janfectious, contagious, parasitic diseases, ailments and conditions which are of major
economic importance to the livestock and poultry industries of the State.
During the biennium several new and potentially dangerous diseases were diagnosed
among livestock and poultry on Florida farms and ranches. Included among these are:
anthrax, vibriosis, trichomoniasis, and leptospirosis of beef and dairy cattle; leptospi-
Srois, erysipelas and virus pneumonia of swine; infectious bronchitis, Newcastle disease,
trichomoniasis and "air-sac" disease of poultry. Investigations and cooperative experi-
I 'ents are being conducted on some of these newly discovered diseases.
A simple, practical technique was developed and suitable apparatus designed to
facilitate performing blood transfusions under field conditions in cattle and horses re-
'quiring this form of therapy.

Citrus Station
(Lake Alfred)
Improvements in the physical facilities consisted of new laboratory equipment, the
overhauling of the old building and the conversion of some storerooms into laboratories.
,n order to compensate for the shortage of greenhouse space a concrete floor with a
protective wall was constructed to provide protection for pot work for investigations
of decline and nutrition. A shortage of laboratory space is a continuing handicap and
the converted storerooms can be considered as temporary only. The-old building which
is a considerable fire hazard should be replaced. Additional grove area is badly needed
for long time experiments which can not be handled satisfactorily on a cooperative basis.
Much time of staff members was devoted to discussing recent findings before schools
of growers and various trade meetings, to answering many inquiries received through
the mail regarding some phases of citrus culture, and to explaining the Station's ex-
Stensive research program to many visitors from other nations. Considerable field work
rWas done to start the practical use of numerous new developments.
Research developments have been numerous and only a few of the more important
'ones will be mentioned herein. The use of parathion has been established to replace
6il emulsion sprays for scale control; this results in improved quality of the fruit.
Some very fine work on the medical aspects of the problem and the establishment of
blood testing as a means of identifying parathion poisoning and as an indicator of ap-
i preaching toxicity has greatly reduced the hazards from the use of this material. An-
'other development was the successful introduction of concentrate sprays and the


necessary service work with the industry to train operators in their use. Concentrate
spraying, following the techniques developed at the Citrus Station, are now widely used
with great saving to the industry. A very efficient duster was perfected; a hedging
machine was developed which replaces much hand work.
Work on leprosis or nailhead rust confirmed the Argentine findings that a mite
belonging to the genus Brevipalpus is responsible for the lesions. It was found that
control of this mite controlled the disease.
Work on slow decline was greatly expanded and soil treatment with DD prior to
replanting affected areas continues to give good results. Recent work indicates that
much of the root damage may be below one foot depth and that the killing of feeder
roots below this depth takes place very rapidly. No causal organism has been success-
fully isolated to date.
In the field of plant nutrition there have been two outstanding developments. Yellow
spot, known in Florida for many years, was recently identified as molybdenum de-
ficiency. A spray containing 1 Oz. of sodium molybdate per 100 gallons was found to
control this deficiency. Iron chelates were found to be highly satisfactory sources of
iron on the acid soils and also to be effective at higher concentrations on alkaline soils.
This offers the first practical method for controlling iron chlorosis which has plagued
the industry from its inception. This finding, which has attracted wide interest through-
out the country, is of great fundamental significance since it is possible that the same
sort of combination will be useful in the nutrition of many kinds of crops used for
irrigation revealed that the usual method of titrating the chloride and calculating the
results as sodium chloride was incorrect since in many such waters there was only suf-
ficient sodium to account for 40% of the chlorine. Other chlorides including calcium,
and magnesium chlorides were present in large amounts; strontium was also found
in considerable quantities in some waters.
Clarification and gelation, two undesirable conditions sometimes occurring in frozen
citrus concentrates were found to be due to the action of pectinesterase on the pectin
in the juice. The effects of juice yield, extraction methods, inclusion of pulp, and the
conditions for heat inactivation. of the enzyme were determined and findings of this
research are applied now in many processing plants. Following successful research on
essential oils, further studies were made on the possible by-products obtainable from
citrus wastes. A study of the glucosides, hesperidin and naringin, resulted in the de-
velopment of excellent dyes for wool and wood using the glucosides as intermediates.
Studies are now in progress to establish a method of recovering these chemicals during
the concentration and refinement of citrus molasses. Much interest has been aroused
in groups interested in glucosides as chemical intermediates and these may very well
lead to other excellent by-products to increase the income from the cannery and con-
centrate plant refuse.
Fruit decay has been a major problem in the marketing of fresh fruit since the
beginning of the Florida citrus industry. In cooperative work with the Florida Citrus
Commission a method of control was developed using Dowicide A plus examine which
acts as a preventative of peel burn. The value of Dowicide A has long been recognized
but it had been impossible to use it at concentrations sufficiently high to give good
results without severe peel burn. Hexamine was found to prevent this burn making it
possible to use Dowicide up to 2 % concentration for two minutes immersion with a
decay control of 75 to 85%. This method is being installed in packing houses at the
present time.

Central Florida Station
Studies on the nutrition of vegetable crops, improvements in disease and insect
control, testing of new varieties and crops adapted to this area, breeding for disease
resistance and improvements of cultural practices, constituted the activities of this Sta-
The cooperative celery breeding project with Cornell University was continued. The
released early blight resistant variety, named Emerson Pascal, has shown a tendency to
bolt, especially during prolonged cool weather.
In seedbed studies the use of the product MC-2 gave excellent control of nematodes,
weeds and damp-off organisms: it also greatly stimulated the growth of celery seedlings.
Further studies on the poor growth of vegetable crops in some fields indicated that
accumulation of copper residues from copper sprays may cause injury.
All mineral fertilizers continued to produce larger yields of celery than the usual
mixed fertilizer containing substantial amounts of organic materials.
A new cantaloupe, resistant to downy mildew, is being developed from selections
made at this Station, and offers considerable promise.
Work is progressing on the control of nematodes with some of the newer organic
Studies on cotton varieties have indicated that Sealand Cotton can be successfully
grown in this area, producing better than one bale per acre when properly cared for.

Everglades Station
(Belle Glade)
The research program has advanced steadily with considerable emphasis on virus
disease investigations, the breeding of new varieties of both sweet and field corn for
better adaptability to local conditions, the culture of rice, and on fiber crop investiga-
tions. In this latter effort kenaf, a satisfactory substitute for jute and ramie, and also
for linen, has received most attention. However, because of interest of the U. S. Navy
in the hard (leaf) fiber from Sansevieria (spp.) as a locally produced alternate for
abaca (Manila hemp) some work was done also with this plant. The fiber work is being
conducted cooperatively with the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
The Indian River Field Laboratory at Ft. Pierce was established during the biennium
as a part of the Everglades Station program. A fair start has been made on essential
buildings on a 40-acre tract that has been cleared and drained. A total area of more
than 700 acres was made available to the State by local interests for this work. Citrus
Research, also at the Laboratory, is under the supervision of the Citrus Station.
The breeding and selection work with snap beans has resulted in two varieties of
promise which are now undergoing extensive field tests.
In trace element research the most important findings were, (1) the necessity of
the application of some form of soluble iron to rice, especially where earlier use of the
peat lands for vegetable crops has left traces of arsenic and, (2) the tendency of cobalt
to improve the accumulation of copper in the liver of cattle under otherwise identical
conditions of diet.
Work with pasture grasses and grain crops, along with the animal gains obtained,
have encouraged rapid development of the cattle industry now under way in the Ever-

Improved facilities both in personnel and equipment have opened the way for
research in the field of pesticide residues that has gotten under way during the past year,
In agricultural engineering the research consisted of the mechanical handling of
soft bastt) fiber crops, especially through the stages of harvesting, decorticating and
degumming of the fiber, important because of the continuing rising cost of labor.
Work was continued on the methodology of soil and tissue testing and the application
of these methods to a large number of samples growing out of an ever-expanding soil
fertility program on both organic and mineral soils, and to the increasing number of
soil samples brought in by growers and County Agents.

Gulf Coast Station*
Research during the biennium at this Station has continued to emphasize fundamental
as well as practical studies dealing with vegetable and gladiolus production.
A new tomato hybrid, resistant to four important diseases (leafmold, Alternaria, gray
leafspot and Fusarium wilt), is now ready for release as a new variety. This stock
which produces large, deep fruits of fine quality, has given high yields in six different
tomato-growing areas of the State.
Cooperative tests have shown that the disastrous Helminthosporium leaf blight disease
of sweet corn can be held in economic control by spraying with either nabam or zineb
Further investigations were made on the compatibility of insecticides, fungicides and
nutrients for certain vegetable crops in order to determine what spray combinations when
mixed together perform satisfactorily from the chemical, biological and physical stand.
The control of nut grass was shown to be possible by the use of 2, 4-D sprays.
Greenhouse trials have shown that (1) celery plants with severe blackheart can be
restored to normal growth by sprinkling a solution of calcium salt on the tips of the
plants and (2) crease-stem of tomato is associated with insufficient copper and rapid
growth prior to fruit setting on the first fruit cluster. These findings are being extended
to field trials.
A three-year study dealing with the cumulative effect in soil of certain insecticides
and soil fumigants on crop yields and various soil microbiological processes has been
In breeding gladiolus resistance to Fusarium corm rot, 169 seedlings were selected
from more than 34,000 for propagation and more critical evaluation. This disease, causing
an annual loss estimated at one and one-half million dollars, continues to be severe.
Control measures to date are unsatisfactory because of latent infections in practically
all planting stocks. Post-harvest dusting of corms with wettable Spergon gives partial
control. Greenhouse studies indicate that plants supplied with nitrate nitrogen are'
more resistant to the disease than plants supplied with ammoniacal nitrogen.
Dolomitic limestone fertilization had no effect on gladiolus flower production but
high levels of potash significantly increased the quality of the flower spike. Soft growth
of flower spikes, especially on new land, was traced to copper deficiency.

Formerly known as the Vegetable Crops Laboratory

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