Form No. 10-300 (Rev. 10-74)
UNITED STATES DEPAR .NT OF THE INTERIOR R NP. SEONLY
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC iLAC1P S RECEIVED
INVENTORY -- NOMINATIONS ORM DXTE ElTERED _
SE INSTRUCTIONS IN HOWf" COMPLETE NATIONAL REGISTER S
-, s TYPE ALL ENTRIES -- OCbMLEtEAPPLICABLE SECTIONk., _..
'- Cathedral of Saint Augustine..__.
Thw '0&th4- (aG f Sa&IL, iti= "-.
. -thedral Place _NOT FOF. b iCAT(Qin'
CITY, TOWN CONGR'S NAt. D(i RICT
St. Auggsj ..aiTY ... 004 -----_________
STATE CobE COUNTY CODE
S Flori Saint JE ,A .
CATEG1IV d iiER IW STATUS' r'ls!EN T U'
_DlTliC" PUBLIC OCCUPIED -AGRICULTURE -MUSEUM
BUILDINGS) PRIVATE -UNOCCUPIED -COMM E 1iL FP
-STROCTURtE _BOTH -WORK IN PROGRESb -EDUCAAbiBiL PRpVATE-RRSIDEiNCE
-SITE PUBLIC ACQUISITION ACCESSIBLE -ENTERT I'NMENT' X.R'ELGIOUC
_OBJECT _IN PROCESS -YES RESTRICTED _GOVERNiMENT' C~4GI NYFIC
_BEING CONSIDERED -YES UNRESTRICTED -INDUST'I&L -TRANSPORTATION'
-2NO MILITAkY OTHER
The Diocese of Saint Augustine
fi- of the Bishop g_ fte 1648, Calf Life Tower
COTY: TOW6', STN -
Jackionville VICINITY OF Florda
LOCATION OF tLMGAUWWfWTION
REGISTRY OF DEEDS, ETC. Cldfk of the Gireui-t Court
STREET & NUMBER
P. 0. Dfawer 299
CITY, TOWN STA~E
Salat Ai &ine 4.i .. -y
a-REPRES.ENsAIWtN IN EXISTING SUIRVIYS
Uistdofd Ai icai flidaiis _rvy
,2oI0At _STATE _COUNTY AL .........
SURY TWRECO6DS DSiTiaf tfs-a Pi d atotrapC s, if
CITY. TOWN STATE
CONDITION CHECK ONE CHECK ONE
EXCELLENT _DETERIORATED _UNALTERED ORIGINAL SITE
_GOOD _RUINS X-ALTERED _MOVED DATE_
DESCRIBE THE PRESENT AND ORIGINAL (IF KNOWN) PHYSICAL APPEARANCE
The Church of Saint Augustine (The Cathedral after 1870), comprises portions from two
building periods, 1793-97, and 1887-88. The earlier building was a simple two-story
rectangular one, 120' x 42', designed by Saint Augustine's Royal Engineer and planner,
Mariano de la Rocque. Construction of the church in the eighteenth century was super-
vised by Miguel Iznardy.
The thick stone walls were covered with coquina, and the roof had wooden shingles. The
elevation as well as the plan was very simple, and typically 18th century Spanish-colonial,
but a somewhat elaborate South front graced the side facing La Plaza de la Constitucion.
There, beside a neoclassical entrance, was, and is, a collection of baroque curves, orna-
mental mouBings, recesses, and cornices. Twin doric columns on either side of the round
arch entrance, support an entablature with broken triangular pediment. A stage above
this is a graceful ogee-curved wall, at the center of which we see a niche and statue of
the patron saint, Augustine. Finally, above this are the four bells in round arch recesses,
surmounted by a metal cross. The tower to the west of this south nave front, is completely
When the fire occurred in 1887, the interior was completely gutted and only the four walls
were left. James Renwick became the architect of the subsequent reconstruction and
partial restoration. Retained from the old plan was the nave facade and 75 feet of the
nave walls. The rectangular plan was at this time changed to a cruciform oae by the
addition of a pair of 37' x 35' transepts. Beyond the 75 feet of old nave wall retained,
all was demolished, with a new wall being added, which then extended 12 feet beyond the
original north wall. A six story bell tower was constructed at the south side, and the
wood shingle roof was changed to one of clay tile.
The Victorian stained-glass windows, and the whole of the interior were added during this
time too. Transepts, bell tower, and extended nave, were added in poured concrete, rather
than the old coquina.
The church is maintained in excellent condition by the Diocese of Saint Augustine, and
is open to the public daily.
AREAS OF SIGNIFICANCE -- CHECK AND JUSTIFY BELOW
ARCHEOLOGY-PREHISTORIC -COMMUNITY PLANNING -LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE
ARCHEOLOGY-HISTORIC _CONSERVATION _LAW
AGRICULTURE _ECONOMICS _LITERATURE
ARCHITECTURE _EDUCATION -MILITARY
-ART _ENGINEERING -MUSIC
-COMMERCE _EXPLORATION/SETTLEMENT -PHILOSOPHY
_COMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY _POLITICS/GOVERNMENT
SPECIFIC DATES 1797, 1887-88
STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE
BUILDER/ARCHITECT Mariano de la Rocque (1797) and
James KenwlcK 1855/)
The parish of Saint Augustine is the oldest one in the United States, with records going
back to 1594. Even before that however, this "cradle of christianity" in America;, adja-
cent to La Plaza de la Constitucion, witnessed the celebration of religious services.
Don Pedro Menendez de Aviles, Spain, on first seeing this land in 1565, named it for
his favorite saint, Saint Augustine of Hippo, and a few days later, he and his followers
attended a mass celebrated by Padre Francisco Lopez de Mendoza Grajales. When the Dio-
cese of Saint Augustine was established in 1870, the parish church became the Cathedral
of Saint Augustine.
The current structure was built 1793-97, and largely destroyed by fire in 1887. All but
the south front and 75 feet of the nave walls were modernized at that time by noted
architect James Renwick, who enlarged the structure, added a high tower, and changed
the plan from rectangular to cruciform.
_ L I
MAJOR BIBLIOGR 7 CAl REFERENCES
American Guide Series, Seeing Saint Augustine (SAint Augustine, Florida, 1937).
American Guide Series, Florida, A Guide to the Southernmost State (New York, 1947).
Albert C. Manucy, "The Cathedral of Saint Augustine, A Historic Site Report",
National Park Service report, June 1946.
Hugh Morrison, Early American Architecture (New York, 1952).
ACREAGE OF NOMINATED PROPERTY
A L 7 141|6. 91| 84,01 13,310, 67,8,01 Baj I I I. II I I 1I
ZONE EATING NOTHING ZONE EATING NOTHING
c iJ l I I , l l l I l , IoLG I I i , I I I I i
VERBAL BOUNDARY DESCRIPTION
The Cathedral of Saint Augustine is closely surrounded by buildings on the north and
east sides. On the south side, the main entrance, the building is only a few feet
from the street there, Cathedral Place. On the west side, a small patch of land stretches
between the church and Saint George Street (Calle Real).
See continuation Sheet
LIST ALL STATES AND COUNTIES t-OR PhurERTIES OVERLAPPING,- -bh .ujNTY BOUNDARItL
STATE CODE COUNTY CODE
STATE CODE COUNTY CODE
E FORM PREPARED BY Landmark ., J,,-
NAME/TITLE Lon. .k i:.7'
James Dillon, Architectural Historian Designated ..........
National Historic Landmarks, OAHP BouJ Certifi
STREET& NUMBER o L]" .
TRETNUMR1100 L Street N.W. j
CITY OR TOWN STATE
ESTATE HISTORIC PRESERVATION OFFICER CERTIFICATION
THE EVALUATED SIGNIFICANCE OF THIS PROPERTY WITHIN THE STATE IS:
NATIONAL STATE_ LOCAL
As the designated State Historic Preservation Officer for the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-6651
hereby nominate this property for inclusion in the National Register and certify that it has been evaluated according to the
criteria and procedures set forth by the National Park Service.
FEDERAL REPRESENTATIVE SIGNATURE . "DMAEKS)
Form No. 10-300a
N I ITI r CT A TrC' frn A i T r. .r -'-\r -rif- i r.r-r. n i,-,
u -Ii IT SLTES DEPA rTI ivirLc I Ojr I THE. Il ERIOU FOR NPS USE ONLY
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES
INVENTORY -- NOMINATION FORM DATE ENTERED
The Cathedral of
ITEM NUMBER 10
At the intersection of Cathedral Place and St. George Street on the east curb line of
St. George Street, proceed north approximately 185' to a point; thence easterly to
a point 20' east of the church; thence south to the north curb of Cathedral Place;
thence west along the northern curb to the point of origin. Less than one acre of
land is enclosed by this boundary.
GPO 892 455