Title: Belize ag report
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094064/00009
 Material Information
Title: Belize ag report
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Belize Ag Report, Beth Roberson
Place of Publication: San Ignacio, Cayo, Belize
Publication Date: October/November 2010
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Bibliographic ID: UF00094064
Volume ID: VID00009
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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The Belize Ag Report o0ec10
Belize's most complete independent agricultural publication ISSUE 9


Belize's State-of -the-Art Cobia Fish Factory
Hatchery to Offshore Fish Cages: Delighting
Export and Local Markets with a Gourmet
Omega-3 Fish.
By Feucht/Roberson
PART 1, The Hatchery
Tucked away in Dangriga, sits one of Belize's modern marvels:
a state-of-the-art cobia hatchery. Marine Farms Belize Ltd is
a subsidiary of Marine Farms ASA, a Norwegian firm which
started operations in Belize in 2006, and since 2007 has
been selling its omega-3 rich cobia fish (mainly in 'bullets'-
headless, tailless, and gutted) to the U.S., Mexican and Belize
markets. (As an EPZ, there is a limit of 5% sold in country.)
Cobia, Rachycentrol canadum, is a pelagic fish (indicates
does not live mainly on the sea bottom) and is native to Belize.
Other Caribbean pelagic fish are mahi mahi, tuna and sharks.
The brood fish in the hatchery were caught in the wild waters
of Belize, inside the reef.
Continues on pg. 26

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or TEAK

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FOR SALE
To Order Call:
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Technical mission of
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1 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com







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2 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com






Neem, The Miracle Tree
by Karin Westdyk
The Latin name for Neem is Azadirachta Indica, which
literally means "Free Tree of India" where it has been revered
for centuries because of its many agricultural and medicinal
properties. Neem is a botanical cousin of mahogany belonging
to the Meliaceae family and like mahogany, neem trees thrive
in Belize and can live between 150 200 years.
From tiny seeds, they grow slowly the first year and then bolt,
reaching heights of 70-100 feet within 3-5 years, at which
time they begin to bear fruit. Neem timber, like mahogany,
is termite resistant but can be harvested after only 5-7 years.
Needing little water, but lots of sun, the neem tree grows in
almost any soil including clay soils. With a tap root that can
be twice the height of the tree, it provides shade and repels
insects wherever it grows. Some say that between 2 neem
trees is the perfect place to hang your hammock.
Agriculturally, neem produces a very effective and safe
natural organic fertilizer, but most importantly, an oil from
the seed produces a safe insecticide that affects approximately
200 insect species, many of which are difficult to control
with traditional pesticides. At a time when we are beginning
to see the negative effects of using chemical fertilizers and
pesticides, neem's importance and value are dramatically
gaining attention throughout the world.
Neem leaves can protect stored grains from insects for 3 to 6
months. Neem cake fertilizer protects crops against parasite


nematodes while enriching the soil. It slowly releases
nitrogen, aerates, nourishes, and promotes plant growth as
well as resistance. Neem cake is the residue obtained from
neem seed kernels which have been crushed to extract the oil.
Rich in N-P-K, it is an excellent organic fertilizer. Earthworm
populations have been known to increase wherever neem cake
has been applied to soils.
Agricultural chemicals are increasingly expensive, crippling
many small farmers and eating into their profits. The need for
stronger and more powerful pesticides each year is another
factor to consider. Natural predators of the bugs we wish to
eliminate are also destroyed with chemicals, and the fittest
of the most destructive insects will survive and reproduce a
stronger and more resistant generation.
Neem does not work in the same way as chemical pesticides. It
is not an instant kill everything pesticide and it only eliminates
the chewing and sucking insects that destroy, not the beneficial
insects. It works by intervening at various stages of the life
of an insect incapacitating it in several different ways. When
neem enters the body of an insect larva, it is prevented from
feeding and moulting and will die. If concentrations of neem
are not sufficient at this stage, the insect may enter the pupal
stage, but then die. But, if it should reach the adult stage, it
will be completely malformed and incapable of reproduction.
Because insects will not feed on a leaf sprayed with neem and
will not reproduce, populations are drastically reduced. Some
plants will even "take-up" the applied neem systemically and
in effect, become inoculated against feeding insects.


Continues on pg. 23


,, YOUR KEY TO HIGHER PRODUCTION...

.


Notice to Readers of
the Printed Issues:


Please thank the Belize Ag Report
advertiser. in whose business you foSr
your copy.
Their ads are what make this all possi

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3 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


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Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com


~~~~~--~~I--- -~-------rr-------- 1







FROM THE eD{ITOQ
Ag Shows, School Garden Projects, Seed Authority
Time to again be thinking about NATS and the Spanish Lookout
Expo. We share with you a report on last year's NATS by MAF's
CAO Mr. Eugene Waight, in our ONLINE ANNEX. Farmers
were looking forward to two ag shows in Cayo District in 2011,
NATS and the EXPO, but will be disappointed in the latter, which
will not be held in 2011. The Spanish Lookout community, after
extensive review and discussion, have decided that there is too
much controversy to forge ahead with plans for this February
2011. There was no debate about whether the community's
businesses had prospered in the immediate months after last
year's fine show. The controversy was over the indirect effects
to them as a community, and 'too much interaction' with the
outside world. Also, fears about potential negatives, including
increased crime exposure led to the conservative decision. So,
no show will be held this coming winter over there. We hope that
some compromise way can be found perhaps a large piece of cleared
farmland can be found closer to the Western Highway, where they
might 'host and manage' a winter agriculture fair in 2012 ?? Farmers
and businesses servicing the ag community enjoyed and appreciated
the quieter and more pastoral management style of last year's Expo
there. We certainly have room for 2 big ag shows a year!!
Toledo was host on October 29, at Union Field in Punta Gorda,
of the 2nd National Organic Fair. Slightly less farmers/business
persons participated, perhaps because the fair was held on a
Friday (thinking to enable more school children to visit). Also,
late planning and less advertising may have been factors. We
encourage the organizers, Sustainable Harvest International and
Plenty Belize, to schedule next year's before the end of this year,
and keep this fine tradition going.
Plenty Belize shared with us their news of primary school garden
project. They have been instrumental in getting many gardens
going, which then are taken over by the schools themselves -
'graduated schools' they are called, once they have the knowledge
and tools to continue on their own. Plenty Belize offers plans
and the know-how to get schools started. They offer to share
this with any and all interested schools/groups countrywide.
Those interested in replicating their success just call the Plenty
Belize office in P.G. We note that there seems to be an inverse
relationship between 'grass roots agriculture' and crime. The
benefits are so much more than food... children learning to be
and feel useful. The Samuel Haynes Center for Excellence in
Belize City has a great garden project too We are pleased to see
agriculture included in the school agenda and invite you to share
your success stories in our TREASURE CROP section which will



SNOW OPEN!

KO-OX HAN-NAH MEAT SHOP
Quality Meat and Diary Products
at reasonable prices. across
the street from Ko-ox Han-nah
Retaurant, San Iganacio
Tel: John 8244014


start in issue 10 and ONLINE.
We understand discussion is under way regarding a Nationa
Autonomous Seed Authority for Belize, which would be ar
independent (non-political) group which would make decision,
on seed policy, etc. It is our view that the GMO issue, among othei
hot topics with incredibly long-term and wide ramifications to th(
country and culture, should be discussed and decided at this level
not Cabinet. Food is an essential and non-political issue; let's
keep it that way.
We wish all affected by Richard the best in clearing up and carry-
ing on. Warm holiday wishes for a healthy and prosperous new
year to our readers and advertisers.



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Office: (501)668-9828 Cell: (501) 600-4652 / (501) 662-2624
Email: starssbelize@yahoo.com

The Belize Ag Report, P.O. Box 150, San Ignacio,
Cayo District, Belize, Central America
Telephones: 663-6777 & 664-7272
Editor: Beth Gould Roberson
Assistant Editor: John Carr
Special Editor: Dottie Feucht
Web Design: Gregory Grant, zionfx.com
Printed by BRC Printing, Benque Viejo, Cayo District, Belize
Submissions as follows:
Letters to the Editor, Ads & Articles to:
editor@belizeagreport.com
Deadlines for submissions: loth of the month prior to
publication.
We are bi-monthly, skipping of January & August.
Distributed in Belize & Southern Mexico

NOTICE: If you would like to share our publication,
kindly do so by sending the link to our website.
Neither the pdf downloaded versions nor articles
may be posted online or reproduced in any
publication without permission from The Belize Ag
Report.

Subscription Information:
Belize Addresses: 5 issues (one year) $24 Bze.
Receive your newsletter in a flat envelope by first
class mail. Kindly send check to The Belize Ag Report
P.O. Box 150, San Ignacio, Belize Please call or email
for rates to other countries. 663-6777 or 664-7272
editor@belizeagreport.com


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 4


K


Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize







TO Tie C I91TOR
While We're Starving, Blame GMO?
Some Long-Term Considerations about
Introducing GMO Seed into Belize
Dear Editor,
If a radio company in the 1920s claimed that it had mastered
the new art of electronics, we would in retrospect regard
such a claim as ridiculous. After a century, electronics has
matured well beyond what it was in the 1920s, and the new
field is now bioengineering. It too is no more refined in the
manipulation of genomes than electronics companies were
in the 1920s. Yet in their effort to spread manipulated crop
genomes worldwide, Monsanto and other companies have put
everyone who eats food at risk, using what are crude, early
methods for tampering with life itself.
Bioengineering uses viruses and bacteria to introduce genes
into the nuclei of cells so that for some of them, the DNA
- the programming of life itself is altered. DNA is a long
sequence of genes, the components of DNA that determine
characteristics of the organism. While much effort is spent
trying to avoid gene alteration in humans, as does cancer,
similar mechanisms are being applied in bioengineering.
The result is the genetically-modified organism (GMO). The
technology has advanced to the point that what some genes
do in an organism such as corn can be identified and replaced
with other genes that alter the characteristic. For instance, a
gene can be introduced that makes the corn plant capable of
surviving with less water. However, this replacement process is
not well-controlled and genetic side-effects are unavoidable.
The biotech effort in the long-term holds promise for the
future, and will eventually be desirable when more is known
about genetics, biochemistry, and life generally but not now.
Here's why:
1. Biochemists who do not share in the profits or the
control of crop seeds have pointed out some harmful
side-effects of altering plants and the extent of damage
is unknown. Some of these mutations, under further
testing on laboratory animals, have led to colon cancer.
Other ill effects include severe allergic reactions to GMO-
based food that are beginning to appear in the American
population. Crop yields might be increased, but so might
colon cancer. Is more cancer worth higher crop yields?
The farmer, seed distributor, and Monsanto reap the
increased profits while the population suffers from greater
cancer risk and allergic reactions which could develop
into chronic diseases.
2. GMO crops, like any other, release pollen into the air
where it can pollinate native varieties of corn or other
crops and alter them. Once altered, the native variety,
which over the centuries has been optimized by natural
selection, is threatened with extinction. Once lost, those
who eat crop food become dependent upon Monsanto
and others to supply their daily bread or tortillas. Is this
a dependency we want to find ourselves in? Whoever
controls the food supply controls those who depend on it
for their very lives.
3. Monsanto is also putting "terminator genes" in its seed
so that it cannot reproduce. Consequently, farmers must
come to Monsanto every year to buy their seed. They cannot
any longer use naturally reproducing varieties optimized
for their growing conditions and capable of being grown
year after year by them. They lose their independence as
farmers as they pay several times the price of ordinary seed.


Continues on pg. 22


Hello,
I had read and posted a reply in the July Belize News about
the visit from the U.S. to push GM (genetically modified)
foods. I am a U.S. citizen planning to relocate to Belize one
day (hopefully soon!). This information from Dr. Mercola's
website should be of interest if your organization will take
a stand against this insanity. Please, I hope this never, ever
gets implemented in Belize. My rhuematoid arthritis, thyroid
issues and other matters are proof positive that GMOs are
never a good option. Your feedback is most appreciated.
Many thanks,
Laurie Surla
http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/
archive/2010/10/04/watch-out-there-are-more-problems-
with-genetically-modified-foods-than-youre-allowed-to-
know.aspx

Do you have some knowledge or opinion that
you would like to have printed in The Belize Ag
Report? We welcome contributed articles, as well
as letters to the editor and ideas for articles. Your
contributions will improve the paper. Kindly send
to or call Beth at
663-6777. Thank you.

Link to article on Brazilian Agriculture:
We received a note from the Embassy of Brazil in Belize,
advising us of the link below, for a great article about
Brazilian agriculture in the August 26, 2010 issue of The
Economist. Titled, "The miracle of the cerrado: Brazil
has revolutionized its own farms. Can it do the same for
others?", we were very keen to share this by posting in our
ONLINE ANNEX. The Economist did grant us permission
to do so, but at a fee of $6,900. USD. Regrettably, we
were compelled to decline. However, below is the link to
the article on their site.
http://www.economist.com/node/16886442


Mission Statement:

The Belize Ag Report is an independent bi- monthly
agriculture newsletter. Our purpose is to collect, edit
and disseminate information useful to the Belizean
producer, large or small. We invite opinions on
issues, which are not necessarily our own. Belize Ag
neither solicits nor accepts political ads.


5 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


Nov-Dec 2010


BelizeAgReport.com







Organic Production
The Other Use of Moringa...
By Greg Clark

Many articles have been written, touting the benefits
and nutrients for Moringa as a food source; but we have chosen
to utilize the tree for "Other Uses"... The ascension from seed
to a twenty foot tall tree in one year caught our attention.
We were spending tons of money on building shade cloth
covered structures to block the intense heat that bears down
on the vegetables in the field, and decided that there could
be a greener and more cost effective solution. Thus, entered
Moringa, both PKN1 and Oleifera. We brought in seeds from
India that we were utilizing in a test program for a high protein
source in Belize. The trees are amazing at the rate of growth
and the ability to maintain leaves in the dry season. This
gave us the clue to the expensive shade cloth dilemma. We
planted the trees in rows at 10 foot spacing to allow for 2 four
foot beds of vegetables to be between the rows of Moringa.
Within 2 months of planting the trees, shade was being
provided on the vegetables. Our spacing was also important
to ensure that we could still get the tractor between the rows
of trees for deep cultivation. At the base of the Moringa trees
we planted our climbing vegetables to allow the Moringa to
be the stake for support of the vines. Between the trees we
tied horizontal pieces of wood to further enhance the surface
area for the climbing vegetables. When I am referencing
climbing vegetables, I specifically targeted the legume family
of vegetables; peas, beans, etc. With this method we are able
to increase the square footage utilization, and revenue, from
the same space of growing area. This utilization yields in an
efficiency increase that is seen in less labor for weed control,
less input costs for the capital expenditure of purchasing
shade cloth, and creating the benefits of companion planting.
The amount of shade the tree exhibits on the vegetables
can easily be adjusted with a pair of pruners. One concern
of the planting of the trees so close to the grow beds for the
vegetables was the issue of the trees absorbing excessive water
from the vegetables, but inherently, the Moringa has a deep
tap root that is its drinking straw. The tree easily grows in
many conditions and has multiple methods of propagation,
even after eight months from seed, the tree began blooming
and producing seeds (and attracting the honey bees for the
pollination of the veggies). Secondarily, cutting a limb and
pushing it into the ground eighteen inches, allows roots to
form and a new tree is formed. When we decide to take out
the rows of trees for full field plowing or conversion, we are
not concerned since we have the cuttings and seeds to follow
behind the conversion and recreate the same shaded area as
we had before, without the costly labor and materials of shade
cloth and the supports required for the cloth structures.
On another note, I will tout about one of the other
benefits of the Moringa, and that is for utilization as biomass in
a compost pile. Due to the high level of proteins contained in
the plant, it is a wonderful source of nitrogen for the compost
process. The woody structure of the tree is very low density
and will decompose in a very short period of time in the pile.
If you would like to see the example of the above
described method, just send me an email at Organics@
belizeagreport.com.


Increasing Crops
Natural Soil Fertility and Nutrient
Availability
by Dottie Feucht

Belize farmers searching for ways to reduce production costs
without sacrificing yields now have a product available to
them called Agri-Gro. Agri-Gro is a natural biological growth
activator in a liquid concentrate form that contains enzymes,
amino acids, plant growth hormones, complex carbohydrates
and micronutrients that have been tested extensively for crop
yield quality and increase and soil improvement. Plants require
16 essential nutrients including phosphorous, potassium,
calcium, magnesium, ammonium, nitrate, boron, manganese,
copper, iron, zinc and molybdenum. Many of these nutrients
may be in the soil but not available to the crop. Some of them
are in applied fertilizers that may not be entirely efficient.
The increased enzymatic and microbial activity stimulated
by Agri-Gro works to release these unavailable nutrients in
the soil and convert them into a soluble form that the plant
can use and improves the uptake and availability of applied
fertilizers. Stimulating the production of beneficial bacteria in
the soil results in more carbon dioxide which expands to break
down clods and improve soil structure and combines with
soil moisture to produce carbonic acid which stimulates root
development. Increasing mycorrhizal fungi in the root zone
maximizes nutrient and water uptake, disease resistance, and
the potential for the highest quality produce. By stimulating
microbial life in the soil, the decomposition
Continues on pg. 14


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6 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com

















Agri-Gro Marketing, Inc.

* Increases yields and crop quality


* Increases fertilizer uptake
and efficiency
* Builds humus, speeds up
the breakdown of organic
matter
* Reduces salt buildup and
chemical carryover
* Increases root development,
mycorrhizal activity
* Improves plant resistance


Microbial Test Results


Sample 1:



Sample 2:


Non-treated soil sample checked for
microbial activity.
Results: 31,800,000 SPC/GM

Same soil as used in sample # I except
treated with Agri-Gro 3 days prior to
analyzing for microbial activity.
Results: >600,000,000 SPC/GM


Summary: The Agri-Gro stimulated a 2000%
increase in microbial activity within
three days!
Tests conducted by Morning Star laboratories Inc. Moonpark, C/


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Agri-Gro can be used in both
conventional and certified organic
production systems.

Agri-Gro is a natural bio-stimulant in
liquid concentrate form.

Agri-Gro can be applied to the soil,
seed, and plant foliage.

Agri-Gro is compatible with most
solution and suspension forms
of fertilizer and can be applied in
conjunction with most herbicides,
insecticides, and fungicides. (Do ajar
A test to ensure compatibility.)


Agri-Gro is available in 2.5 gallon containers, 55-gallon drums, and 275-gallon minitotes
and can be applied through standard ground or aerial application equipment and properly
equipped irrigation systems.



Local Distributor Midwest Steel Agro Supplies Spanish Lookout


7 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


M
am


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com







BEYOND THE BACKYARD
SAVE TE PENGUINS
By Jenny Wildman
I was discussing my garden project with a friend who is a
phythologist eager to pick his brain on plant behaviour. Now if
you (like wikipedia) tell me that this is not a word I will indeed
beg to differ. It is a very old word that has been lost from language
along with the knowledge of the importance of symbiosis and
common sense. A lost "ology". Anyway it will be back. We chatted
about garden pests. You may spray everything with chemicals,
yes, or you could make a concoction of soapy, garlicky, pepper
spray if you need ammunition. Alternatively, if you consider that
mostly everything in life has a purpose you could try to pay more
attention to what the plants and insects are actually doing and
where they live. They could be transporting pollen and seeds
and doing a little pruning not intending to destroy your prized
produce. Pollen and nectar attract the good guys who make a
very effective team of pest controllers. Beetles feed on slugs and
maggots, flies on larvae and aphids. Spiders feed on insects and
usually the outside varieties are not dangerous. Snakes, frogs,
birds, lizards are all part of this harmonious equation. Birds and
insects pollinate allowing seed formation and I am told that in
pineapples, the seeds affect the quality of the fruit adversely;
therefore, in areas where they are cultivated on a grand scale
hummingbird importation is prohibited. Oh dear! Bring in the
bird feeder. But wild pineapples are often bat-pollinated so they
flower at night and close during the day. Going to have to check
this out with a headlight.
My friend and I were discussing how to attract the beneficial
insects by adding flowering plants and allowing veggies to
bloom and seed. These recruits need a safe place to live such
as clump-forming grasses so why not make those edible, such
as lemon grass? I could also use another dumper "pinguin"
which harbours many insects and feeds little rodents and
makes a fairly decent living fence. He was not familiar with
this species. I showed him a picture and he thought it was
probably a wild pineapple but had never seen the fruit.

I first came across this plant whilst being a surveyor's assistant
once in awhile. Now with all the construction going on, cutters
hack them out with no reverence for their charm, beauty and
utility, as its fibers can be used as a substitute for jute to make
nets etc. Its stiff, strong, fibrous foliage does indeed look like a


pineapple but it grows into an attractive rosette. In the summer
months the leaves change to a more reddish orange and its pale
pinkish flowers become a central cluster of fruits which rather
look like the pineapple flower. If you want to get to the fruit,
you must dig into the centre of the plant through the collection
of leafy debris and straw-like fuzzy stuff hiding the jewels. Each
fruit in the center is the size of a thumb individually "wrapped'
in a tough papery skin. Underneath the skin is a white crunchy,
acidy fruit, sweet and sour a bit like unripe pineapple but with
seeds. Plucking out the fruit one by one and brushing off the
sharp thin hairs at each end of its banana shape, you must be sure
not to get hairs on your mouth as they can sting and blister. The
fruit can be eaten raw or roasted and makes a very tasty drink full
of vitamin C and calcium. Incidentally that fuzzy stuff is a great
instant bandage to use for stopping bleeding from bush cuts.
There seems to be a lot ofimmunochemical studies on pinguinain
classified as a sulfhydryl plant protease. Very important sounding.
Actually, the pinguin is a source of a proteolytic enzyme,
pinguinain whose amino acid composition resembles papain
(from unripe papaya) and can be used as a meat tenderizer or to
aid digestion. Pineapples contain proteolytic enzyme bromelain
- really almost the same uses. Now I would not recommend
eating a whole lot at once, because you could expect a cleansing.
Pinguinain is a anthelmetic used for expelling parasitic worms,
as is garlic, raw cabbage, cloves, moringa, tres puntas tea, honey
and vinegar, and the relative of this false pineapple ......ananas
comosus, the REAL pineapple.
Everything around us has a purpose. Whilst eaten locally pinuelas
are gathered and perhaps cultivated mainly for fiber. They do not
contain very much pulp and it takes a lot to make the tasty juice.
There may well be several varieties; the pictures I found differ
slightly as to the height of the fruit. Those growing around me
stay close to the heart of the plant. They are fairly hardy tropical
terrestrialbromeliadswitha shallowroot system which reproduces
by runners along the ground as well as by seeding. Often they are
found around oaks in dry partially shaded areas. They die about a
year after fruit formation but are constantly creating offspring.
For a long time I thought the pinguin was called ping wing. It
is called false pineapple, pseudananas, pinguin, viru, pinuelas in
Mexico or Maya as it is called in Puerto Rico; it is all the same
plant. As to the etymology of pinguin it is a bit of a mystery since
it is close to pinguino Spanish for penguin, pingue pink, pingue
- fat and plentiful. Looking up penguin you run into similar
Continues on pg. 9


8 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


Nov-Dec 2010


BelizeAgReport.com






































Beyond the backyard, Continued from pg. 8
unresolved theories including the welsh pen (head) and gwyn
(white). Our fruit is pinkish white and inside fat and plentiful, at
least this week. Halt that machete!

In case you are wondering, you can find this pretty prickly plant
listed in Wikipedia, with a one liner for bromelia penguin, but it
is not featured in many Bromelia family albums.
I thank my friend for his time and stimulating conversation and
continue the reflective stroll around the yard.
Belizeans will perhaps fondly remember this plant and for
posterity I would truly love to hear any stories you would like to
share about our beloved pinguin.
Thank you.
Jenny Wildman spectarte@gmail.com


GOSS CHOCOLATE
ORGANICALLY CROWN, 100% NATURAL
DARK, MILK, & WHITE FINE CHOCOLATE
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100% PURE ORGANIC COCOA POWDER
BITI.K COOKING CHOCOLATE
MADE IN BEI.IZE
FOR PRICES AND INFORMATION ABOUT
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AREA, PLEASE CALL 523-3544, MAIN OFFICE


STourist Information


Great Bird Watching
Walk in Our Garden


Cone c
We're c
of the


heck out our Gift Shop
nly 2 & 1/2 Miles West





Western Highway

Belize l 501-22-


twist
Local Specialties as
well as Burgers,
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And lots more..
All at very reasonable
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We have Cabanas too!
Mon -Sat 6 am-8 pm

Sun: 7 am-7 pm


8014


E-mail: aniita@cheersrestaurant.bz
chrissy@cheersrestanrant.bz


9 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com







Oceans of Orchids at The Taiwan Technical Mission


Central Farm, Cayo District

TAIWAN
Orchids are the #1 potted flower
in the world, especially in the
foreign markets of Taiwan, Japan
and the U.S.A. (formerly the pointsetta held this position).
The Phalaenopsis, a native to S.E. Asia, also known as
the butterfly or moth orchid, is the most popular type of
house orchid. (Phaluna is Greek for 'moth'.) Total world
production is estimated at 250-300 Milion plants/yr, and
of this, Taiwan, known as Kingdom of the Phalaenopsis,
produces about half.

In 2008 Taiwan produced 135M Phalaenopsis plants. Of
these, main export markets were 3oM to the U.S., 3oM to
Europe, and 15M to Japan. Formerly Taiwan composed 50%
of the world market, but the U.S. market now purchases
60-70% of Taiwan's potted phalaenopsis production.

The wild species, phalaenopsis amabilis, var Formosa was
officially recognized in Taiwan in 1897. For approximately
90 years, hobby breeders created many varieties from
that original cultivar, which is white in the wild. Now a
spectrum of colors from very dark purple down to yellow
and white, exist and some have a strong fragrance. There
is a popular variety known in Taiwan, as 'notice you at
lunch' which emits a strong fragrance at mid-day. Orchids
are an easy and three dimensional decoration favored also
for their longevity (lasting from 2 to as long as 6 months).
December to May is the normal blooming season, but some
bloom two times a year.

As cold weather induces flowering in this variety,
historically orchids would be moved to 1,ooo m elevations
in Taiwan, to force flowers. The combination of growing in
a hot environment, then inducing to bloom in a cool one,
formerly was a difficult combination but is now facilitated
by the miracle of air conditioning.

At the Taiwan Technical Mission headquarters at Central
Farm, sits a climate controlled greenhouse chock full of
Butterfly Orchids. Mr. Frank Lin heads the orchid and rice
sections of the mission, although one surmises orchids are
his passion. The TTM has identified orchid production for
Belize as very promising.

Belize is well situated climatically and geographically to
enter and become a main player, if she chooses, on the world
stage with orchid production. Not only could phalaenopsis
be cultivated here commercially, but Belize's wild species
offer, in Mr. Lin's opinion, "more than 5 good local varieties
which have great potential to propagate by tissue culture.
With the North American market well established and only
a reasonable 3 day road trip away, marketing from Belize is
quite competitive.

Belize has the lab facilities to propagate by tissue culture,
and U.B. students are learning the necessary horticultural
skills in U.B.'s own tissue culture labs. Since the 1990's,
world expansion in the field has been due to new varieties,


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improved cultivation techniques, and uniform virus-free
material available from tissue culture.

Cooperation will be needed between producers here to
make coordinated overseas shipments viable. The TTM
encourages cooperatives, women's groups, and the private
sector to consider this enterprise. The TTM can offer
training sessions (recommend 4 weeks duration) and
assistance, for both co-ops, NGO's and the private sector.
TTM estimates approx 6 groups, (less if larger players
enter the market), would be needed to produce sufficient
quantity for export to be attractive.
By B. Roberson

Note: The Taiwan Technical Mission's orchid expert in
residence is Mr. Frank Lin. With over 20 years experience
in the private sector, he built the first glass computer
automated greenhouse in Taiwan, and won in 2005
the prestigious Grand Champion International Orchid
Award. He has created over 1,000 varieties of orchids.
Belize is fortunate to have such a world leader in this field
here to share his skills.


"To accomplish great things, we must
)not only act, but also dream; not only
plan, but also believe"

Anatole France


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 10 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


3"Kfte







Marketing Strategy For Modern Agriculture
By Romaldo Isaac Lewis,MBA & Agronomist
In these modern times ofAgribusiness, which is the application
of business principles to the production of agricultural
products and services, Agri-Marketing is one of the most
important strategies that entrepreneurs invest in to guarantee
that their products will get to the consumer at the right time,
place and price. It is obvious that our producers in the rural
communities need marketing skills in order to survive in this
competitive market.
Agri-marketing strategy requires the application of the
4 P's: Product, Price, Promotion and Physical
Distribution.
Product vegetables, grains, fruits, etc or services (rentals,
sales, materials supplies, etc). Some products are more
perishable than others. A marketing strategy must include a
consideration of product perishability as well as losses due to
inappropriate technology, poor agronomic management and
effects of undesirable natural disaster.
Price. The marketing strategy includes determining the
minimum price that we can sell the product or offer the
service based on product cost, competition and desired
return on investment (ROI). Key elements to be considered
in the strategy of establishing a price are determining what
consumers can afford as well as the quantity they desire.
Promotion. The marketing strategy to promote products
and services includes effective communication to reach
niche clients or market segments as well as persuading and
influencing a consumer's purchase decision. Agencies such
as BELTRAIDE collaborate with industries to promote and
develop products. However among rural farmers is a need for
improvement through product development, segmentation,
pricing, packaging, and labeling.
Physical Distribution. The logistics in the distribution of
our agricultural products from rural communities to urban
towns can be complicated because of poor or inadequate
infrastructureorunreliabletransportmechanism.Nevertheless
there should be a strategy for delivering products to their final
destinations. Typically there are four types:
Producer -> Consumer, the shortest and most simple
distribution channel.
Producer -> Wholesaler->Consumer, a scenario whereby the
wholesaler buys directly from the producer and then sells to
the consumer.
Producer-> Wholesaler-> Retailer-> Consumer, the most
traditional one whereby the producer sells at wholesale prices
and in large quantity. The wholesaler then commercializes
to the retailer, who sells the product or service to the
consumer.
Producer-> Agent->Retailer-> Consumer, a medium
producer, who commercializes to an agent who earns a
commission. The agent then commercializes to the retailer
who sells to the consumer.
LEAD CONSULTANT "AGRICONES"
Website: http:www.agricones.com


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For all your consultancy needs in

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* ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT


Visit us at our website
http://www.agricones.com/
or Email: info@agricones.com

TELEPHONE: 501-822-2618
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Corn
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Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 11


hiessen Liquid Fertilizer
Box 208, Route 35 West,
Spanish Lookout, Belize
nail: liquid panishiookout bz
Tel: 670-4817 or 672-2404
www.agroliquid.com

*yMVRG.N"


Sure-M


cJbqjjfl


Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize







FROM THE MEXICAN SIDE
Restoring the ancient trade routes

Translated by Maruja Vargas
For Spanish Original See ONLINE ANNEX

EXPORTATION
Roxana Lili Campos Miranda
Licensed to practice law in Mexico
roxanacamp@yahoo.com.mx
There exists a false belief that conducting business outside
one's country is reserved for those few entrepreneurs who
have large amounts of capital and that it is a difficult and
complex process. This belief is far from reality. This sequence
of steps is for those who wish to export from Belize to Mexico
for the first time.
The sequence of the export operation is very important.
Attempting a different order can cause problems to the
destination country that you must attend to before the
commodity leaves the country of origin.
The first thing to do after you have a buyer in Mexico is to
draw up a contract to decide the conditions of purchase and
international commerce terms (InCoTerms). If you have
interest in sending plant or animal commodities to Mexico, you
need to establish the requirements of Mexico's official norms
for this type of product. Once the requirements are fulfilled
for the point of entry it is necessary to solicit a phytosanitary
or zoosanitary certificate corresponding to the type of export
product.
The procedure with Mexican Customs involves (a) payment
to the supplier, (b) clearance with the customs office and (c) a
contract for local freight.
Contract with the Provider and Seller
The first thing to consider for exporting a product is whether
there is a company in Mexico that can transact for the same
product. You may locate a manufacturer or provider of your
commodity in Mexico by your own network or consult with
a company that can put you in contact with companies, that
are certified and of known good reputation. Usually the
international contract of buy/sell results in a purchase order,
signifying acceptance of the contract and containing an offered
quotation of the Mexican provider or manufacturer.
Price Quotations
The price quotations of most international commerce contracts
based on the InCoTerms are ExW, FOB, or CIF:
* Ex Works (ExW) means in the factory" that is, the
commodity is to be delivered in the provider's factory, and
the rest of the costs to bring it to the business of the buyer
falls to the buyer. In this case, the buyer must acquire help of
a company to transport the commodity from the factory to
the point of embarkation and contract the freight, whether
land, air or sea.
* FOB means "Free On Board" that is, the price of the
commodity includes all of the costs encountered to be
loaded on the ship at the point of origin, and the balance of
the costs for cargo are the cost of the buyer.
Continues on pg. 20


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 12 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize






Caribbean Agro-meteorological Initiative (CAMI)
Project
By Gary Ramirez
The Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology
(CIMH) in partnership with the Caribbean Agricultural
Research and Development Institute (CARDI), World
Meteorological Organization (WMO) and National
Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS) of ten
Caribbean member states including Antigua and Barbuda,
Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, St.
Lucia, St. Vincent, Trinidad and Tobago have received a grant
from the European Union through the African Caribbean
and Pacific Group of States (ACP) Science and Technology
(S&T) Programme for CAMI. The objective of the project is to
increase and sustain agricultural productivity at the farm level
in the Caribbean region through improved dissemination
and application of weather and climate information using an
integrated and coordinated approach.

The project was launched in February 2010 and will run for
a three-year period. A regional network of meteorological,
agricultural and research institutes plan to prepare and
distribute a weather and climate information newsletter to
include predictors of the rainy season potential and effective
pest and disease forecasting. In addition it is planned to
organize forums with the farming community and agricultural
extension agencies to share information and obtain feedback
to provide better products from the meteorological services
for use by the farming community.

For more information contact Mr. Dennis Gonguez Chief
Meteorologist, National Meteorological Service at 501-225-
2012, dennis_gonguez@yahoo.com or Mr. Gary Ramirez
- Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries counterpart on this
initiative at 501-804-2079, garyramrezbz@hotmail.com.
You can also contact Mr Adrian Trotman, Agrometeorologist
and Chief of Applied Meteorology and Climatology (Ag.),
CIMH, atrotman@cimh.edu.bb or visit their website at www.
cimh.edu.bb and view documents and presentations from
previous workshops in the CAMI corner.


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Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 13 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


-_ A







A Conversation with Maury Boyd

By Timothy M. Spann

Reprinted with permission of Citrus Industry magazine; see
www.citrusindustry.net for subscription information.


There's probably not a person in the Florida citrus industry
that hasn't at least heard of Maury Boyd, but just in case,
here's a bit of background: When greening was first found in
Maury's grove in Felda in 2005, he made a conscious decision
not to remove infected trees. Bear in mind, this was not a mi-
nor decision the grove is nearly 400 acres. Instead, Maury
chose to take steps to maintain the health and productivity
of his trees in spite of their greening infection and developed
what has become known as the "Maury Boyd cocktail." To
date, he has not removed a single tree because of greening.

As a testament to the success of his program, Maury points
to a block of young Valencia trees in his grove. The block was
heavily infected early on in the epidemic. Many of the world's
greening experts visited the block during those early days of
2005 and 2006 and signed its death certificate, saying it would
be dead within a year or two. Today, the block is still alive,
growing and bearing a good crop. In Maury's words, "It looks
better than it has ever looked." This year, Maury says the fruit
are good and no drop is occurring. He credits part of his suc-
cess in this young block to the addition of boron and TurfPro
(an organic soil amendment) to the program last year.

In addition to good nutrition, Maury is a staunch proponent
of psyllid control. "It has to be 100 percent. I knowthat's not
achievable, but that's the benchmark I use," he says. Trying to
achieve that goal with only the use of pesticides causes Maury
concern about residues. That is why he has taken up the new
challenge of promoting the development of a psyllid-repellent
system based on dimethyl disulfide (DMDS), the repellent
discovered through research on guava.

Maury has been consulting with engineers and working al-
most single-handedly to find funding for the development of
a repellent-delivery system. The system, as he envisions it,
would be a simple network of small diameter tubing with a
few nozzles per acre throughout the grove not unlike an irri-
gation system that would release DMDS or other repellents
automatically 24/7, 365 days a year. A computer control sys-
tem would regulate flow based on wind and could completely
shut down the system if necessary. Such a system would be
particularly beneficial for solid set blocks of new trees. Wind-
breaks would enhance the system's efficacy.

Maury knows that he is criticized by some for leaving infected
trees in the ground, potentially making it nearly impossible
to bring new trees into production without them becoming
infected. However, some would be surprised to learn that
Maury doesn't disagree with his critics. In fact, he's not sure
that a new grove can be planted and kept greening-free for


any considerable amount of time whether trees are removed
or not, given our current psyllid control methods. "Look at
the Ben Hill Griffin block in Frostproof [at the corner of U.S.
27 and Hwy. 17]. Steve Farr's an excellent production man-
ager, you can't get much better, and still it has 1 or 2 percent
infection already."

That's precisely why Maury is pushing for the development of
a repellent system. Such a system, he believes, coupled with
judicious, well-timed pesticide applications, is the only way to
control psyllids well enough to keep new, solid blocks of trees
greening-free, and preserve the integrity of the juice and fruit
by products. If the system were very effective, it may even
allow for the restoration of much of the biological control we
have lost over the past few years.

Maury's final thought on how to win the greening battle sums
things up pretty well: "We're gonna have to think outside the
box."

Note: The Belize Ag Report thanks Dr. Thomas Mathew of
Golden Stream Spice Farm/Belize Botanical Gardens, Toledo
District, for sharing this article with us.


nolllor inl. rnotl in,11l m.mi].Il .', 11111

Cha\a *
"Tree Spinach" the Maya miracle plant


Anin od o E G

PiaaMamld
PiaaChte


Pastry illing


Agri-Gro, Continued from pg. 6

of crop residue is increased which releases nutrients and
adds organic matter to the soil. Agri-Gro can also be applied
directly on to plants, increasing photosynthesis and the plant's
continued ability to metabolize carbohydrates, proteins,
and other growth compounds contained in the leaves and
transfer them to the root system. From the root system these
compounds move out into the rhizosphere, feeding bacteria,
algae, fungi and protozoa which in turn produce beneficial
enzymes, organic acids, antibiotics, growth hormones and
other nutrients. These growth stimulants are then re-absorbed
by the roots and transported back through the plant system
producing higher yielding healthier crops. The crops specific
to Belize which were tested by researchers and found to have
increased yield and quality using Agri-Gro over those which
had no application of Agri-Gro are: bell peppers, broccoli,
cantaloupes, carrots, cayenne peppers, celery, corn, jalapefio
peppers, lima beans, okra, onions, pineapples, poblano
peppers, potatoes, rice, snap beans, soybeans, squash, sugar
cane, tomatoes, and watermelon.


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 14 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize






Minor-Use Authorizations (Pesticides)


A provision under the Pesticide
/ % Regulations of Belize to facilitate
\K the importation of unregistered
a, 'A pesticides by and on behalf of
a g pesticide end-users
\Miriam Serrut, MA
AS/ Registrar of Pesticides, Pesticides
Control Board

The Pesticides Control Board is the regulatory body in Belize
mandated with the enforcement of the provisions of the
Pesticides Control Act of 1985, and its ensuing Regulations;
which include the Pesticide Registration Regulations of 1995,
and amendment Registration Regulation of 2003.

The Registration Regulations of 1995 established Belize's
formal registration scheme of pesticides by trade name and
formulation (as opposed to approval of active ingredients).
This system of registration is established by the international
standard on pesticide management, the International Code
of Conduct on the Distribution and Sale of Pesticides. Only
pesticides duly registered by the Pesticides Control Board are
allowed importation and use in the country of Belize.

It became evident after 1995, however, that a gap needed to be
addressed to facilitate the importation of unregistered pesticides
which were needed by end-users but not registered or readily
available locally. Belize has a relatively small overall pesticide
market size (annual import value of BZ $15 $20 million).
As such, the technical and economic investment necessary to
pursue and obtain registration of pesticide products of minor
use potential is at times not considered feasible by pesticide
manufacturing companies.

It is to this end that the amendment Registration Regulations
of 2003 addressed this gap with the establishment of a
provision for minor-use authorizations, to allow for the
importation of unregistered pesticides by end-users. Pesticide
users may apply for a minor-use authorization, providing
minimal information, which includes primarily a justification
as to why pesticides registered or locally available in Belize are
not suitable to their specific pest control need.


AJV^^a <


Minor-use authorizations are issued to end-users only, and an
authorization is valid for a single importation consignment of
an approved quantity. While there is currently no restriction on
the consignment size, the user must also provide information
such as acreage, dosage rate and application timing to justify
the quantity requested for importation.

For more information, such as the relevant application form
and application requirements, contact the Pesticides Control
Board at pcbinfo@btl.net, or call 824-2640.


Z -- l.. " I; +" i .
4l-air ,I


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 15 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize








estrac


Authorized Dealer For:

John Deere
Ariculturc & Compact
Lawn & Garden
Equipme nt
Parts & Service


Westrac Ltd
job, lli,


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I s a '"I
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www.westracbelize.com
Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 16 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


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Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com







Light Rein
By Marjie Olson

Conditioning the Horse for the
TRIPLE CROWN ENDURANCE RACE
Before you consider actually competing in any long distance
ride, the horse must be up to the task. It can take many weeks,
and sometimes months, of consistent, careful, work to condition
a horse to do 15-25 miles of serious competition in a day.
Conditioning needs to start easy and gradually build until the
horse can physically and mentally handle the stress. If you can
work your horse on natural terrain, including hill, this is certainly
the best scenario.
Your conditioning program needs to get the horse's pulse and
respiration levels elevated at least 3 times per week, but you need
to be aware of his normal parameters in his day to day routine
before you can assume his elevated levels are ok. This can be
accomplished with a routine for a few days or over a week or so of
checking his heart rate, temperature and respiration. I recommend
morning and night as they will often change lightly and then you
will be comfortable knowing this before it surprises you on the one
day you check in the morning instead of evening and your mare's
rate is up, probably due to anticipation of getting fed or turned
out.
After you have figured her normal range, nowyou can start working
her. If she is a routinely ridden horse to start then go to a 10 min
vigorous workout, working up to a vigorous 20-min workout, or a
long, slower, but consistent 4-hr ride. Please use common sense
and don't run her into the ground for twenty minutes...use a slow
warm up to a vigorous work out and back to a slow cool down with
trotting till her breathing is slowed to normal. The horse's pulse
and respiration should be monitored as it is being worked to ensure
that the workout creates an appropriate amount of physical stress,
but not too much. It is all about that happy medium you hear me
say all the time: what's too much and what's not enough...
During this vigorous phase of training, the horse's speed and
duration of exercise should allow for steady state heart rates below
150 to 170 beats per minute, which is the anaerobic threshold.
Your horse's heart rate will remain the same as his speed increases,
IF, he is getting more and more fit, if your program is working.
Recovery heart rates should occur quicker as the horse becomes
more fit. A horse in good aerobic condition will have recovery heart
rate around 1oo beats per minute at two minutes post exercise
when exercising at rates to induce heart rates near the anaerobic
threshold. Recovery heart rates at 10 minutes post exercise should
be less than 60 beats per minute.
KNOW YOUR HORSE! You should know her resting and working
heart rate and respiration and in varying temperatures of weathers
if possible. What is her routine body temp? This will allow you to
know when your horse is getting stressed or just excited. This is
an important part of the conditioning routine. Don't leave it to
the guess factor of "you think" her rates are ok. It could kill your
horse.
As horses bones, organs and mental health grow well into their
young adult years, the U.S. has many rules regarding age limits to


Ecotel Four, Ecotourism Jungle Lodge
ne of tte 1000 Places to See Before ou Die.

Horseback riling tours, hiking, bird watching,
butterfly gardens, walerafs, river cave
exploration, and vehicle tours to Caracol,

unanlunich. Cabal Pech, 8 PMar, Pacbitun & Ti .

Phone: 669-1124
metbelize@pobox.com www.metbelize.com

Mile 8 Mountain Pine Ridge Road. Cayo, Belize

start endurance racing with 5 yr being the youngest and 7yrs being
the norm. We at the TCER realize we are running a 'conditioning
style' race and are offering less distances with a build up to the 25
miler, so we have considered lowering the age to 4 yrs old. The
vet/steward will check your horses teeth for age. PLEASE, do not
bring a horse whose age will be questionable as there will not be
refunds in this instance and use common sense. If you are unsure-
have a vet look before you enter.
We look forward to having a great event. And hope you will join
us either as a TVER contender or an entry in the OPEN HORSE
SHOW, or to come and just watch the excitement.
Please check BelizeAgReport.com, Belizehorses.com and the
http://poozieswicked.blogspot.com for more info and entry and
sponsor forms. Have a safe Oct/Nov.
Thanks for reading and enjoy the ride".
Marjorie Olson, Light Rein Farm, 5 mile Mtn. Pine Ridge Rd,Cayo
Dist. Belize
All comments are the opinion of Marfie Olson and are in no
manner expected to be the only way to train a horse but have
proven to work for her.


Marjie Olson has brought


"M. Olson Farrier Services"
To the Cayo District
20 years of shoeing experience-36 years professional horse trainer
Available for farrier, training, lessons, clinics
Specialize in -herapeutic shoeing and a light handed approach to training and teaching. Western, huntseat, showmanship, trail and speed events.
W~My not learn something new-get your horse more comfortable-get more comfortable on your horse-enjoy the ride even more!
Yes its Belize But that doesn't mean you can t advance you and your horse.
Email: Snotzy08@live com or 663-4609, please be aware, email and phone services are limited at this time, it could be a day or two to get back with you

Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 18 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize













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~L;LIt Rein Fa~rm.


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THE ULTIMATE TEST '
"THE TRIPLE CROWN OF ENDURANCE RACES"
The most amazing horse event Belize has seen in years!!!


GRAND AND RESERVE CHAMPIONS CRO WNED AT THE END
OF THE THIRD RACE! Min. Grand $1ooo & $500 Reserve
See Belizehorses.com or e-mail shotzv08i.. live.com for more info/rules and
of course check the Belize Ag Report Web site
November 27rh, 2010 January 80, February 19th. 2o0i


These races will be run in laps with periodic Vet checks
Digital Heart Monitoring
Each race pays out 70% ofenlry fees and awards..
Open Horse show on race days!
Excitement and entertainment for the whole family...
Location: Belize Equestrian Academy
.il 3 WlTi n U-h,- ur u. r.-


Don't miss the chance to h
your Business represented ,
Ihis exciting event!!/

p -I pui


Contact: 4N
Marjie Olson 663-4609
Trey Roberson 667-5684


L~G~IL


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Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 19 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


[I VBBfl41


"i<


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Mexican Side, continued from pg. 12
* CIF means "Cost, Insurance and Freight" that is, the price
includes all the freight costs encountered from the point of
origin to and including the port of destination. All that is
the cost of buyer is the handling in the port of destination.
These are the costs of unloading the commodity from the
ship and loading into the delivery truck, the customs costs
such as permits for importation, taxes, custom fees and
the freight to the warehouse of the buyer.
Size of Shipment
The most common shipping containers are large metal
boxes in either 20 feet or 40 feet lengths for dry cargo. If a
shipment is not large enough to fill an entire container you
may contact a shipping company to arrange international
freight for smaller volumes, sharing the container with other
commodities. This is called consolidated cargo. You may
also contact other exporters and arrange the consolidation
yourself.
Contract a Customs Broker
A customs broker is a professional that can advise you of the
regulations that correspond to the type of commodity that
you desire to export and help you analyze the viability of the
operation. On the Mexican side a customs broker is required
by law. A customs broker with patent validity can expedite
the exportation process with customs authorities. A Mexican
broker reviews the customs documentation corresponding
to the importation of commodities into Mexico. Part of this


documentation is elaborated at the moment of arrival of the
cargo at the port of destination and is controlled and validated
by customs authorities. It is critical to have a shipment in
order, listed and clarified to be sure that the commodity can
be imported. There are many commodities that require prior
permission to import and some that require an exact count
before embarking the commodity from port of origin. A
customs broker can advise you of these special conditions.

The Belize Ag Report announces a new
section starting in issue 10, February-
March 2011, and we request your assistance
and participation. The column name is
THE TREASURE CROP:
Young Belizeans in Agriculture.
We ask teachers, community leaders and
anyone who has something to contribute about
this to contact usbyphone at 663-6777, or email
roberson.elizabeth@gmail.com We will also
host a TAB on our website, with ample room
to post pictures, artwork, compositions, and
information on exciting agriculture projects
going on countrywide. Thanks for your help.


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 20 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


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Corn Yields Falter
By John Carr


The latest 2010 corn harvest is 98% finished. I estimate that
the average is 37 bags per acre compared to 42 bags per acre
in 2009.This is a 11.9% lower yield compared to 2009 2010.I
estimated my numbers at 15% at 50 bags per acre or higher -
55% at 40 bags and 30% at 35 bags .To reach an average I did
not include 12.5% of the highest yields or 12.5% of the lowest
yields. Based on corn exports on raw and processed forms we
can expect our 2011 carry over to be 50% less in 2011.Corn
went up right here at harvest which is very unusual. Corn has
increased from 19 cents to 23 cents which caused a farmer to
go from a break even to a small profit of approximately $120-
$150 an acre. Because it is more or less 11 months to the next
harvest, we could expect a continued upswing (Guatemala
imports almost 13,000,000 bags of corn from the United
States each year.)
Our yields were 12% lower because of heavy rains that cause
some flooding and water to stand on the fields. Although the
harvest time was the most dry and beautiful ever, the joy
stopped there in most cases. The ears were small and in many
cases were damaged by earworms, insects, birds and rain
went in. Most of this begins with an earworm that damages
the top wrap or husk and lets invaders into the ear. When
rain enters the ear the damage is significant ranging from 10
to 1oo%. The harvester combines and grain cleaners find it


almost impossible to separate the damaged kernels from the
good kernels and the bad kernels find their way into the food
chain (if you looked at those shriveled up fungusy -black
and gray kernels which you would not want to eat). Many
of us commercial farmers believe that if we had been able to
purchase modern selected "Genetically Modified Organism",
corn seed we would have cut our losses and increased our
quality. A group of us went to Honduras a few weeks ago and
witnessed GMO corn that had no earworms and right beside
it, the same non GMO corn that we have to use here and there
were earworms in almost every stock.
A headline in the October 9t 2010 issue of the Wall Street
Journal reads "Harvest Shocker Rattles Wall Street" .The
USDA announced a 3.8% corn harvest reduction from August
to September. This caused corn to go up 6% in one day in
Chicago. The experts are saying that the supply and demand
ratio is very tight. They predict that when the corn harvest
starts in the US in the fall of 2011 there will be a 47% shortage as
compared to the 2010 carry over. Between worldwide weather
phonemes, bio-fuel usage and increased export demand to
almost everywhere in the world, this will cause shortages in
corn, wheat and soy bean supplies. Some calculations show
that corn prices leaving the gulf port area to Belize is at 22
cents a Belize a pound F.O.B Missippi. All of this market
and production enthusiasm will probably double our grain
production potential in Belize over the next 5-8 years.

Continues on pg. 30


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Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 21 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize







While we starve, continued from pg. 5
4. Monsanto is a litigious company with a long history of
lawsuits, including against farmers, and even those who
did not use Monsanto seed that drifted into their fields.
Monsanto has patents on their products so that if farmers,
knowingly or otherwise, end up with Monsanto-variety
crops in their fields, they can and have become subject to
prosecution by Monsanto. Once the Monsanto genomes
start spreading with the wind, any farmer raising crops
from natural seed can become legally liable. Are Belize
farmers immune from such liability? To put it a different
way, do you think the GoB is immune from the deleterious
effects of transnational-corporation money?
5. Monsanto sales claims about increased crop yields are a
hit or miss proposition, despite the sales hype. Thousands
of farmers in India have committed suicide because
they bit the hook of increased yields from Monsanto,
borrowed to pay for the overpriced seed, and went broke.
Because of both the oversell of high-priced GMO seed
and the aggressive treatment Monsanto has given the
market, India is turning against GMO products, as has
the European Union. As the world is finding out about the
dark side of GMO and rejecting it, this is hardly the time
for Belize to be introducing it.
The best GMO can do is to put some extra profit in the pockets
of seed distributors and farmers. It could also give distributors
a bad reputation if GMO seed does not deliver in Belize, and
because of its high price, it could put some Belize farmers in
a similar financial situation to those in India. It could pollute


the native seed genome so that yields with native seed are
less than before. It can also potentially sterilize Belize's crop
seed base, leaving the country in search of what native seed
elsewhere is available. The search for corn would probably
be in Mexico, where Mexicans are also turning against GMO
seed. It could spread GMO genomes to farmers not wanting
it and placing them in danger of a lawsuit from Monsanto.
Once GMO and Monsanto, who has been promoting the sale
of GMO seed to Belizeans, are in the country, it will be much
harder to remove both the effects of GMO on native crop seeds
and also the predatory damage of a transnational corporation
seeking control of the food supply.
It is well-known to those who study the global social order
that the American elitists on Wall Street, in high government
positions, think tanks, and policy formation institutes, and
the heads of large transnational corporations are attempting
to build a New World Order by gaining control of critical
infrastructure, such as transportation and communication,
energy sources, and the food supply. (See www.globalresearch.ca
for more on the geopolitical aspect of GMO companies like
Monsanto.)
The GoB, seed importers, distributors, farmers, and anyone
who eats in Belize should take heed to this issue, for it can
affect everyone significantly in a few years. Now is not the
time for Belize to become another transnational corporation
market experiment with the primitive level of bioengineering
at present. The promised benefits do not outweigh the known
risks.
Dennis Feucht


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Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 22 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize







Fire Safety I
By Glenford Baptist
A fire can send
yourjob )
your income
your health
even your life
up in smoke
Fire kills an injures many people of all ages and economic
status. It also causes pain and suffering, destruction of
property and financial stability?
Have you taken out time to evaluate what you can do and your
preparedness to deal with a fire situation .
Fire can destroy in a matter of minutes what you have taken a
lifetime to build. Do not be a victim, be prepared.
Most fires are caused by
poor judgement
human error
ignorance
failure to follow instructions
The best way to fight a fire is to prevent it from starting.
Start by developing an awareness of your surroundings.
Know how fires start and be aware of the surrounding hazards
that can cause fires.
It is very important that one develops an attitude that is all
about safety first starting at home and the workplace.
Develop a fire safety plan for your home and ask about one at
your work place. Teach it at home and study the one at your
work place. When in a public area or on public transportation
ask about their fire safety plan and pay attention to it for your
safety.
Finally be active; take the necessary action to remove fire
hazards before afire starts. Learn how to use afire extinguisher.
Get one for your house, car, boat, truck, business if there isn't
one available.
Fire safety starts with you having an awareness of your
environment, having a safety first attitude and being active to
stop any fire from starting or extinguishing it quickly.
More will follow in our next issue.

Note: Glenford Baptist is the Manager of Fabrigas Belize Ltd.

Neem, Continuedfrom pg. 3
An experiment involving 2jars, each with aleafand a grasshopper,
further demonstrates how neem works. One leaf is sprayed with
a chemical insecticide, the other with neem. The grasshopper in
the first jar eats the chemically poisoned leaf and dies instantly.
The grasshopper on the neem sprayed leaf refuses to eat the
leaf and starves to death. Which is better, a half eaten poisoned
cabbage, or one that is whole, organic, and safe to eat?
Neem is so safe that it is used in many products including
toothpaste, mouthwash, soaps, shampoos and many very
effective medicines.
In India, it is often referred to as "the village pharmacy" and has
been used in treating numerous health conditions for nearly


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5,000 years. All parts of the tree are used in treating a variety of
ailments such as skin diseases including acne and psoriasis. It
is used as an effective treatment for parasites, rheumatism and
arthritis. It has antiviral as well as anti-malarial, antibacterial,
and antifungal properties. It is also used in the case of poisonous
bites. The bark reduces fever, is a powerful diuretic and contains
the anti-inflamatory properties. Neem can lower blood sugar in
diabetics by approximately 5o%, and is used to lower cholesterol
as well as blood pressure preventing heart disease. It is used as a
blood purifier and detoxifier. Research is ongoing and promising
results have been found in treating as well as preventing AIDS and
some cancers. It has been used effectively for hundreds of years
as a safe alternative birth control by women and current research
promises the first male birth control pill from neem. Neem is also
an indispensable remedy for pets and farm animals, preventing
tick and flea bites, as well as treating mange in dogs.
The US based National Research Council's Board on Science and
Technology for International Development released a report,
entitled "Neem: A Tree for Solving Global Problems". This report
released in 1992 claims that neem is one of the most promising of
all plants and that it may eventually benefit every person on the
planet. "Probably no other plant yields as many strange and varied
products or has as many exploitable by-products as neem."
Neem oil is available at some agricultural product stores including
Prosser's in Belmopan. Neem trees can be purchased at several
nurseries in Belize including Central Farms and DuPlooy's. If seeds
are planted, they must be planted within a few weeks of harvesting
the ripened fruit or they will not germinate.
Karin Westdyk is a former environmental journalist and grants
writer, now retired, living in Belize and growing neem trees.


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 23 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize







A Bit of History

Reimer Feed Mill, Spanish Lookout, Cayo
District

In 1959, one year after the settlement at Spanish Lookout
began, Peter and John Reimer, two brothers who had worked
at a feed mill in the Mennonite colony at Chijuajua, Mexico,
partnered to create what is now one of the industry giants
of Spanish Lookout. With a humble beginning on 3 acres,
their first 'equipment', as their long time manager, John
Dueck tells us, was 'a shovel'. They began sales with almost
all imported feed, slowly augmenting with some locally
produced corn. In the first years, the volume was around a
ton per day. Next, Reimer's Feed procured a grinder (not a
hammer mill), which ground the corn with plates, just like
the Maya Indians, only of metal). Still the feed was mixed
via shovel, and loaded into the sacks with the same shovels,
as there were no bagging machines either.
After a year of growth, the mill purchased a vertical mixer,
which they still have but is not in use. Their current mixer
is of horizontal type. Their main products were chicken
feed, comprising 90% of volume, and then dairy feed, then
pig feed. As the Mennonite colony pioneered the broiler
industry in Belize, most of their sales were within the colony,
with increasing sales to outsiders as time progressed.
So, for 20 years, everything was in bags. Farmers each dried
their own corn in cribs, and delivered to the mill in sacks.
Only in 1972 were the first 2 silos purchased from Koop


Sheetmetal. The capacity of each was 15 tons. (These have
been sold now, but are still in use.) With continued growth,
now Reimer's has a capacity to store 13,000 tons of corn.
With the advent of silos the days of primarily bagging all
feed declined. Larger customers put up storage facilities
on their own farms, and Reimer's purchased their first bulk
delivery trucks in 1981.
Also in 1981, ownership changed. Inkeepingwith Mennonite
tradition of family businesses, of the new 4 partners, all
were related to the original partners. The fifth was John
Dueck, who was the manager then as well as now.
Around that same time, dryers were purchased. The
first were batch dryers, with kerosene burners. As these
transmitted some of the taste and smell to the corn,
Reimer's soon upgraded to butane gas dryers. These dried
in a slightly shorter time,but mainly improved product
quality. Today's dryer is continuous flow dryer which
can dry up to 10,000 bags or 500 tons in one day!
Grain products handled today at Reimer's are approximately
70% corn, 25% soybean meal, and 5% byproducts -
millfeed(bran), feathers, etc. Feeds today comprise about
80% of Reimer's sales, with veterinary and pet products at
roughly 20%, but growing. An interesting trend is that, of
the approximately lo% of feed sales that are 'bagged' (as
opposed to bulk), bag sales are expanding, roughly 5% per
annum, indicating increases in small scale family farming
again.


By B. Roberson


gLY&z''


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 24 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize







Dear Rubber Boots
We are very happy to know that you
have returned. Welcome back!
I have three questions concerning
plant toxicity saved up for you:
1. We have been told not to
eat green cored carrots as they are
toxic. Is it true?
2. Also we were warned long time
ago that chaya has toxins so that
one should boil them and discard
the liquid before eating them. I know many people consume
chaya raw in juice, etc. Do you have any information on it?
3. What is the scientific name for the vine locally called "spinach".
Are there any information on this plant? Our neighbour got sick
every time he ate them, so he no longer eats them.
Toshi Schwerdtfeger, Cayo

Dear Toshi,
1. Carrot greens are categorized as 'mildly toxic', byJudith Sumner
in American Household Botany, due to certain alkaloids. The
carrot's exposure to the sun, can cause these same alkaloids to
be present in the top of the carrot itself too. This also happens to
potatoes that are inadvertently exposed to the sun, and they also
are mildlytoxic. We make no recommendations as to eating or not,
but note that we also found many recipes online for using carrot
greens in moderation in salads, etc. Ms. Sumner notes that some
of the effects from consumption of (vegetable) alkaloids include
"slightly elevated blood pressure, slightly elevated alertness, and
slightly elevated heartbeat".
2. Chaya is incredibly nutritious, but yes, must be cooked before
eaten. Raw chaya contains glucosides that can release toxic
cyanide, similar to raw cassava. 20 minutes cooking renders the
chaya safe as the poison is released as a vapor, so the liquid may
be safely eaten too. Recommendations are not to cook chaya in
aluminum pans, as a reaction may occur which can cause stomach
problems (Wikepedia). Organic columnist Greg and our chaya
writer, Maruja, both advise against drinking the juice raw!!
3. Both callalou and chaya are called 'spinach' locally (chaya
called 'tree' spinach). Did your neighbor eat this spinach raw or
cooked?
We ask our readers, help us with scientific name for the vine
spinach, and will print in issue 10.

Dear Rubber Boots and A. Schiemann,
This is how I controlled the drunken bayman on my pitaya.
Take empty 1/2 gallon milk carton, just under the lid on
the shoulder of the bottle cut a round circle about the belize
dollar, Only cut out about 90% of the circle, leaving it attached
at the top near the lid. this keeps the rain out of the bottle.
Put in the bottle 1 Tablespoon of Belize 'brown' or unrefined
sugar, and 1 teaspoon of this insecticide powder: Sulban
5 DP. It comes in Kg package and costs less than $5.
Available at Mid West Steel in Spanish Lookout.
You may have to renew the contents every 3 to 4 weeks. Depending
on the size of the tree, you may need more than one bottle. the
insect seems to be attached to the sugar, and then takes in the
poison.
MarujaVargas


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25 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


Nov-Dec 2010


BelizeAgReport.com






Cobia, Continued from pg. 1


MFB's hatchery, situated on 119 acres north of the Dangriga
Airport, is dependent on a sea water intake system which
pumps fresh seawater into the facility from a depth of 7 m, at
a distance of ooo1000 m offshore. Four thousand gal/minute is
the combined capacity of 4 submersible pumps. Each pipe is
anchored to the seafloor every 12 feet, with 250 kg concrete
saddle weights. Three types of filters insure water purity,
starting at 100 micron filters, then sand filters down to 10
microns and the final filters UV filters for bacteria, etc.
The water is likewise treated on its exit from the facility to
minimize pollution.
The brood-stock fish, which begin to produce eggs at 3 yrs of
age, can begin spawning at approx. 20 Ibs, and can attain a
weight of over 100 lbs. Each fish has an imbedded microchip,
which can be read from a hand held scanner. Detailed records
are kept on each fish, including a spawning log indicating the
quantity of eggs per spawning (which can be between 1 to
4 million). An 80% fertility rate is considered good. Lower
rate spawns (eggs) are discarded. Each brood fish can spawn
approx. every 3 weeks. MFB is finding that Belize's favorable
climate can increase the limited spawning season of the wild
to year around. The 27 brood fish currently at the hatchery are
fed once daily, with rotation of shrimp, squid and sardines,
and custom vitamin supplements (imported, except the
shrimp which is purchased from a local producer).
Note, these are all natural spawns, occurring at sundown,
and male fish are kept in the tanks for egg fertilization. There
is only a one minute window for fertilization to occur! The
healthiest of the lipid-laden golden colored eggs (similar to
caviar), float to the top of the tank and are harvested approx.
12 hrs after spawning. At 30 C (86 F) these hatch in 24 hrs.
Within 40 minutes of fertilization, there is cell division, and
by 12 hours later, there is an embryo, and in another 12 hrs.,
(24 hrs. age), larvae.
For the first 3 days the larvae feed on a yolk sac. From day 3-10,
these infant fish are fed 50-200 micron sized rotifer, which is
an organism similar to plankton, which itself filter feeds micro-
algae in the water. Quite easy to cultivate, MFB maintains
a rotifer department in the hatchery for this production: 1
B of them can increase to 1.6 B within 24 hrs. Next on the
menu (from day 8-24) these young fish eat artemia aka
'sea monkeys' or 'brine shrimp'. These are between 160-400
microns, hatched from dehydrated cysts that are imported in
cans. When cysts are placed into sea water, they immediately
hatch. MFB enriches them for one day, before feeding them
to the hungry cobia larvae.
The larvae grow from being pre-metamorphosized larvae (1-10
days post hatch) to post-metamorphosized larvae (10-25 days
post hatch), to fingerlings (once on pelleted diets appox. 30
-40 days post hatch) to juveniles. Cobia have a survival trait
that allows them to ONLY strike (and eat) a moving target.
This is true from the moment they are born; so live rotifer and
artemia are critical. The process of transition from live feed
(rotifer/artemia), to pelleted diets is called "weaning", and can
be considered training the fish to recognize the pellets as food
and learn to strike them and put them into their mouths.
Continues to pg. 27


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In More Places




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Weh [o [ Iii
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Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 26


Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize







Cobia, Continued from pg. 26
At day 15 or 16, the fish are introduced to pelleted feed, and on
day 18 they undergo the first size grading which is done manually
to reduce cannibalism. By day 30 they are up to 1 gm bod weight,
and at approx. 40-50 days have grown to 3-4 grams, and are
sent to the nursery cages. If larvae are sold to another fish farm,
the sale is made as one day old larvae. The hatchery presently
is producing approx. 200,000 fingerlings per year, and could
easily expand to over 1 million with minor modifications.
Cobia are among the fastest growing marine species with a
growth rate up to three times that of Atlantic Salmon.
Part 2 will cover Marine Farm Belize's cage farming operation in
our next 'regular' issue, Feb-Mar 2011. (January will be FRUIT-
only issue.)
Note: Belize Ag Report greatly appreciates the tours given to
our staff at both the hatchery and offshore (inside the reef)
operation. Madrid native, Mr. Jorge Alarcon, the general
manager, on both occasions reorganized to enable us to see
as much as possible even holding back a batch offingerlings
from their trip to the sea, so we could view them in their tanks.
As a youngster growing up in Spain, Mr. Alarcon was afan of
Jacques Cousteau, and he developed a great respectfor the sea.
He has a bachelors degree in Marine Biology and a Masters on
Marine Affairs and Policy /Aquaculture Management from U.
of Miami.
We were impressed with MFB's concern not only forfinancial
interests, but also for our marine environment. The staff of12
at the hatchery, under the management ofMr. Samuel Choc of
Toledo, are Belizeans who are highly trained and committed to
run the day-to-day operations.
More photos in our ONLINEANNEX.


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BelizeAgReport.com 27 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


Nov-Dec 2010







Belize Ag Report's

AG NEWS BRIEFS
Belize Livestock Producers Association
- AGM; On October 30th some 100 cattlemen
gathered for their AGM and discussed cattle
marketing problems. The members unanimously
approved that the Tuberculosis/ Brucellosis sweep
be initiated in the Corozal/Orange Walk Districts followed by
the entire country. The details will be worked out by MAF -
BAHA Mexico and BLPA soon so we can ship cattle from
these two districts. A 'designated corral' system may be
used to speed things up. The Minister of Agriculture, Hon.
Rene Montero gave an inspiring message of support to the
ranchers of Belize. He also recognized 6 deserving cattlemen
with plaques and carvings as a show of appreciation for long
time service to the industry. Those receiving awards were:
Joe Freisen Sr., Edmund Longsworth, John Roberson, Rudy
Crawford, Fred Hunter Sr. and John Carr. An election was
held and the following persons now comprise the board of
directors: Fred Hunter, Frank Rempel, Abdula Bedran, John
Dyck, Dr. E. Vanzies, Abe Reimer, Rudy Crawford and John
Carr. Officers will be chosen at their first meeting.
Farmland sales, increase to-fold worldwide: The World
Bank reported that during the years 1998 to 2008, worldwide
annual 'large farmland' sales were approx. 4.5 M ha. Then for
2009, it jumped to 45 M ha.! Media have called farmland, 'the
original asset', and players from around the world, are entering
into this land-buying frenzy. Brazil, recognizing this before the
study was released, already put some restrictions on foreign land
ownership. Foreign land buyers and lookers are active in Belize
as well. In North America, new investment groups are forming to
both purchase farmland and administer farms.
While we were sleeping, someone took out the milk fat OUT of
most brands of condensed milk, and 'filled' it with vegetable a
and palm oils... Not that these are not also healthy fats, but what
happened to the days of milk fat in milk? Read your labels!
Holland is assisting Panama to develop ethanol from cassava.
As a country which imports all of its fuel, Panama hopes to both


Local and Regional
Fuel Prices


Belmopan,
Belize


Quintana Roo,
Mexico


Peten,
Guatemala


REGULAR $9.41 Bz/Gal t 8.29 pesos/Lt Q 29.98 /Gal
$5.16 Bz/Gal $7.63 Bz/Gal

PREMIUM $9.80 Bz/Gal t 9.63 pesos/Lt Q 30.48/Gal
$6.00 Bz/Gal $8.02 Bz/Gal

DIESEL t 8.72z/Gal t 8.69 pesos/Lt Q 24.98/Gal
$5.42 Bz/Gal $6.57 Bz/Gal


I


alleviate the foreign fuel dependence and create more
uses for its local cassava. They hope to have over
looo ha in production within 3 years. The first plant
will be in Veraguas, Panama.
Who are the two net exporters of food in
CARICOM? IF you said Belize and Guyana, you are
right. Both countries share a bounty of arable land
and water, and low population densities.
Excerpt from USDA ARS(Agricultural Research
Service) bulletin: Scientists at Ft. Pierce have evidence that
suggests that guava, interplanted with citrus, prevents
the spread of greening[HLB]. Scientists in Japan and Viet
Nam discovered that HLB did not occur in citrus groves when
intercropped with guava, while control plots had over 30 percent
infection. The mechanism maybe volatile compounds produced
by guava which disrupt the ability of the psyllid vector of HLB
to locate its citrus host. Studies are underway in field plots to
validate these preliminary findings and to identify the potential
volatiles." More info, see article pg 14, reprinted courtesy of
Citrus Industry magazine.
Although North America may experience turkey shortage this
holiday season, we should be ok in Belize. The heat wave in the
U.S. made it more difficult for suppliers to find turkey eggs for
importation. Local producers expect that those importers who
traditionally import finished turkeys may not be as successful
this year. In other poultry news, Quality Poultry Products is
expanding their processing area, and will soon add processed
turkey items to their product line.
RETURN of PRESS RELEASE/NOTICES and EVENTS
CALENDAR TABS to our website: A change to JOOMLA will
enable us for more timely uploads. Check out the our new look
at www.BelizeAgReport.com



UPDATE TO THE RAIN CHART
We thank the family of Mr. David J. Thiessen
of Friesen Hatcheries, Spanish Lookout, for sharing these
figures with us. They have kept rainfall records continuously,
for 41 years.
The figures shown are for rains in Spanish Lookout, Cayo
District. For the chart showing May 1968 to April of this year,.
go to page 14 of issue # 7, June-July 2010. Available online. *


Per
Mo.

Avg

Var


2010


Aug. Sept. Oct. (

6.60" 7.76" 5.29"

ddd
6.71" 6.85" 6.10" J

nation +0.11" -0.91" +0o.91"

I


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 28 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


W






Red Ring Disease: You may be encouraging the spread of this disease, affecting coconuts, oil palms, and most palm species, by
pruning your palms, which creates an entry site for the vector. This nematode has been identified in Belize primarily at resorts which
tend to manicure their grounds thereby, in a way, 'killing the palms with kindness'. Palm leaves should be left on the plant until they
are dry enough to be removed by pulling. (That also allows the palm to re-absorb moisture from the frond, which is recycled in the
plant.) Red Ring Disease is a serious economic problem in areas with heavy commercial coconut or oil palm production. Read more
in next issue of the Belize Ag Report.

SXVII Feria International de Ganaderia Tropical,
SX'Matkuil, Del 12 Noviembre al 5 de Diciembre 2010,
SMerida, Yucatan, Mexico. ganadoyucatan@hotmail.com
Steel (+52 999) 948 1130 y 948 1110
IM -M -M -M IM- -M IM IM AM IM- -M -M Ah -h -h - M I M IM I M I M If M I M I A


Plenty Belize
Saving ocal seeds for
Bellzean rood security
(among many other
program s)
Tel: 702-2198
Emall: plentybzb bll.nei


-- I"Soulhem
^<-' ( Solar


Declining and Installing
solar electric solutions for
agriculture and
other purposes
Tel: 702-2198
Email:
solarbelilza r gmail.com


Small Business
Resource Center
Helplug you meet your farm or
garden business goas
Tel: 662-33S3
Erlalh: brcenterg&amaiLcom


u ATLANTIC BANK Local Credit Card


ONLY


lowest interest rate
in the market


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, interest rate ends Dec. 31, 2010


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 29 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


\l







Classifieds
Classified prices:
2-3 lines= $24; 4-5 lines=$32; 6-7 lines=$4o

FOR SALE: ROYAL PALM TREES: $10.
Per tree. At Glenn Schrock in Upper Barton
Creek tel 650-0636, or email grschrock@live.com
FORSALE: TeakofMahogany Seedlings: Large quantities of
young Teak or Mahogany seedlings are now available to purchase
and ready to plant. To order call 666-9020.
FOR SALE: 2005 Harley Davidson, 1340 cc, 662-5263
CANOE WANTED: lifejackets & paddles (2 ea) email:
k.ray@mac.com
go Ac Great Bottomland for sale or lease, Banana Bank
area, North side on Belize River. Former Caricom Farms land.
663-6777, holdfastbelize@gmail.com
FARM FOR SALE, BARTON CREEK: 74 ac on creek, approx
700 ft creek frontage, at $249k USD, or 380 ac (includes above
with creek), for $51ok USD. Productive farm, estate or resort
potential. 664-7272, holdfastbelize@gmail.com
RENTAL PROPERTY: luxury rural, Cristo Rey Rd, to mins
from San Ignacio, 1 bdrm, 2 bath, includes yard work, wkly
maid, security. Very fine, on working farm. Call 664-7272 or
holdfastbelize@gmail.com
450 Ac RIVERFRONT, approx 3300 ft on Belize River, Banana
Bank area, Bmp, $2,500 USD/ac. Priced for investment or
development, prime location! 663-6777, 664-7272,holdfastbelize@
gmail.co
SUNDAY FUN: Great market on the first Sunday of each
month at Spectarte Art and Garden Gallery, Maya Beach, Placencia.
Something old, something new, Buyers and sellers very welcome.
533-8019
BELIZE BIRD RESCUE is dedicated to the care,
rescue and rehabilitation of all bird species in Belize,
especially parrots. 822-1145/610-040o/602-4291
info@belizebirdrescue.com www.belizebirdrescue.com

Volunteer Vacations: "Pause"suites and cabafia
- where animal lovers stay. Come stay with us for
a good cause. www.pawanimalsanctuarybelize.com
pawanimalsanctuarybelize@yahoo.com Telephone: 624-7076

Property for Sale: 76 acres of luscious fertile land, 15
minutes to Belmopan, 3000' beautiful riverfront, good road
and utilities.$4,500oo.oo per acre. Call now 664-7272, 663-6777
or visit our website www.holdfastbelize.com or email roberson.
elizabeth@gmailcom
Residential Lots for Sale: Beautiful residential lots for sale
in Cayo's Iguana Creek area. Lots starting at $35k USD and up.
Acreages range from 1.07 acres to 3.06 acres, 5 lots available.
For more information visit our website www.holdfastbelize.com,
email roberson.elizabeth@gmailcom or call 664-7272 / 663-6777.

Do you have some knowledge or opinion that
you would like to have printed in The Belize Ag
Report? We welcome contributed articles, as well
as letters to the editor and ideas for articles. Your
contributions will improve the paper. Kindly send
to or call Beth at
663-6777. Thank you.


P


Banana Bank Report, Continued from pg. 21
According to a September 25th article in the Wall Street
Journal page A8 there is an article entitled "High -Tech
Harvest-Genetically Modified Crops are Growing Up". It
lists the following countries as planting over one million acres
of GM Food planted in 2009. United States --158.1 million
acres in corn ,soybeans, canola, squash ,papaya ,alfalfa ,and
sugar beets Brazil-- 52.9million acres in corn soybeans
and cotton Argentina 52.6 million acres corn, soybean
and cotton India --20.8 million in cotton Canada 20.3
million acres in corn, soybeans, canola sugar beets China
--9.1 million acres cotton, tomatoes, papaya, sweet pepper and
poplar South Africa - 5.2 million acres in corn, soybean,
cotton Paraguay-- 5.4 million acres in soybean Uruguay
-- 2.0 million acres in corn and soybeans- Bolivia--2.o million
acres soybeans Philippines -- 1.2 million acres in corn. This
total acreage adds up to 329.6 million acres and does not
include lots of countries that are planting GMO crops.
John Carr


Wholesale and Retail
Gasoline & Diesel
We Deliver


Tel:824-2199
Cell:610-1970


Suita Elnema



24 Hjr s.


30 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


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ICE-COLD BEERS
HOT LUNC _ESm
*BBBSBSI


Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com




































































Nov-Dec 2010 BelizeAgReport.com 31 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize

































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Nov-Dec 2010


BelizeAgReport.com 32 Harvesting Ag News from All of Belize


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