Title: Belize ag report
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094064/00002
 Material Information
Title: Belize ag report
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Publisher: Belize Ag Report, Beth Roberson
Place of Publication: San Ignacio, Cayo, Belize
Publication Date: July 2009
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Bibliographic ID: UF00094064
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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RET T7J AG REPORT


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from all of Beliz

Special BLPA Meeting has Directors smiling as
prospects for beef trade with Mexico
near realization.

After decades of frustration with surplus animals and no
place to go with them, news that a very logical solution is
near at hand trade with our neighbor to the north is
sweet music to BLPA's Directors. At an extraordinary meet-
ing held June 24th, Directors were updated by Chairman
Dr. Errol Vanzies on proposals being hammered out be-
tween countries at the technical level. Dr. Vanzies, being a
cattle rancher himself with extensive public health experi-
ence, is uniquely qualified to sit at BLPA's helm now. The
association's main task at hand is to disperse relevant infor-
mation to producers, who will need to be ready for the up-
coming testing phase.
BLPA will announce in July the schedules for meetings with
livestock producers in every district which will be held dur-
ing August. Learn the particulars for your area meeting
from BLPA or on page 21 page of our online edition, (as
soon as they are available).

The first step to export is being officially accepted by Mexico
as an importer of beef to Mexico. Directors are told that
Belize should be 'on the list' in a matter of weeks. Proposals

Mission Statement;

The Belize Ag Report is a monthly
purpose is to collect, edit and disse
to the Belizean producer, large or s
1 1 | on issues, which are not necessarily
IBelize Ag neither solicits nor accep


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Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 1 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize


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are to begin the national sweep of TB and Brucellosis tests
in Corozal, Orange Walk, and Cayo Districts, as they are
home to over 80% of Belize's bovines. SENASICA, the Mexi-
can equivalent to BAHA, plans to bring in professionals to
train Belizeans and assist us with this undertaking. Testing
could begin in September, and will be an ongoing proc-
ess. Every animal will be ear tagged with a numbered metal
tag, and the database will record the breed, sex and age of
that animal, with its unique number, which will be kept by
GOB in a master database. This is a vital component, as
TRACEABILITY is one of the key issues in the transac-
tion. All ranchers should have their corrals and chutes in
good working order, as all animals will need to be proc-
essed in these. Restrictions on animal movement will be im-
plemented as 'disease free' farms and zones are identified.
Exports could begin before the entire country sweep is com-
plete, that is, towards the end of 2009. Bovines to be ex-
ported must comply with the health requirements, which
include the following:

1. official ear tag as above
2. negative to the caudal TB test within 60 days of shipment
3 negative to Brucellosis test (card or rivanol test)
4. treatment for ticks, to guarantee that animals entering
Mexico are free of ticks
The testing phase will provide a new cattle census for Belize.

The testing phase will provide a news cattle census. The cur-
rent estimate of 70,000 head is exactly where we stood 25
years ago. Current prices $1. to 1.10 BZ$/lb livewt, discour-
age development. (current U.S.prices are $.95 to 1. US$/lb.)
When the cattle inventory dropped a few years ago and
there was not longer a glut, prices reached $1.25 to 1.35
BZ$/lb. Currently, there is an estimated surplus of 8,000
head in Belize. This is the number available for export an-
nually from the existing national herd, without threatening
disruption of the local market. Export will empower existing
ranchers to upgrade and encourage new ranchers to enter
the field. Other advantages include improved pastures,
more A.I., more importation of live animals and embryos,
new slaughter facilities, and new and upgraded products for
the local market too.

Mexico's 110 million population needs and wants our prod-
uct; Belize wants and needs to service that market. Mr. Rene
Montero, Minister of Agriculture, BAHA and GOB person-
nel have all been on the same track working diligently
to coordinate Belizean and Mexican requirements. Belizean
cattle producers have found a strong advocate in Mexico's
Ambassador to Belize. H.E. Luis Manuel Lopez Moreno, a
gentleman well respected in the diplomatic and business


Continued on page 12

culture newsletter. Our
ate information useful
l. We invite opinions .i a 1, ., lt l.
r own. Mile 52.1 Western Hig~TaT.Toiakettli
political ads. 628-9040
F.or" the ilh l ri n i () i c F liking


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From the Editor
Congratulations and thanks to all who worked hard for the
success of the recent National Agriculture and Trade Show.
We share with you some of the comments we heard about the
2009 show.

All agree that Agriculture and Trade industries overlap, and
have been served fairly well in the past with one inte-
grated annual show. However, due to the growth of both sec-
tors, is it time to consider separation, and a distinct show for
each? Questions arose in the planning of this show, stemming
from the divergent marketing philosophies of these groups.
Belize Ag Report heard several suggestions to split up and re-
organize, from the Ag. sector. Although no formal survey was
conducted, positive comments were expressed by trade sector
individuals too. Splitting the show might have avoided some
controversy with the 2009 show, and could result in some
positive changes for future NATS.

Proposals and plans were made by the NATS Committee to re-
zone the show ground's exhibitor areas. Many of the more
rambunctious and noisier attractions, and notably the alcohol
vendors would have been placed apart from the agriculture/
livestock section. Indications were that as a result of this, one
of the larger Mennonite groups would have infused a large
amount of capital to renovate the very rundown livestock
barns, etc. of the existing showground's. Belize Ag Report
heard only praise and enthusiasm for this proposal. People
not previously interested in either attending or participating in
the show were looking forward to experiencing the new envi-
ronment. Reports to us are that after the Committee had
agreed to the new zoning, for some reason the zoning decision
was negated. It was business as usual or, as some describe it,
'noisy confusion'.

Revision of the show's management system would enable fu-
ture committees to better meet the hefty challenge in-
volved. The existing system, with the heavy oversight from the
top is a lingering legacy from the colonial system, shunned
vociferously by most people. The NATS management system
as it stands now and in the past, is a committee appointed by
the government of the day through the Ministry of Agriculture.
This committee of management usually changes when we have


Belize Ag Report, P.O. Box 150, San Ignacio, Cayo

Phone: 663 6777/664 7272

Editor: Beth Roberson
Technical Manager: Jane Beard
Submissions as follows:

Ads: ads@belizeagreport.com
Articles: articles@belizeagreport.com
Letters to the Editor: editor@belizeagreport.com
Deadline date-12th of every month
Printed by BRC Printing, Benque Viejo


a GOB party change. This disrupts the continuity necessary for
improvements in long term planning. In order for our NATS
to compete with other Agricultural shows, it takes decades of
time and hundreds of thousands of dollars. We need a new
type of board make-up, one with industry stakeholders who
stay involved no matter what the outcome of National Elec-
tions. This would of course include Government input as well.
Trust and respect between GOB and the private sector are es-
sential for growth. A more modern democratic approach will
lead to improvements beneficial to all through a revitalized
show.

With the delays from pandemic flu causing a rescheduled
NATS, controversies cooled and cooperation reigned in an at-
mosphere infused with relief that Belize was spared from the
brunt of the flu. Agriculturalists from all parts of the country,
many who only see each other annually at the show, discussed
business, visited and shared ideas for future shows. Discus-
sions covered the possibility of shows focusing more on agri-
culture, to be held throughout the calendar year at the GOB
showground's or on private lands. Some stakeholders are sug-
gesting that the show be held in late summer or early spring,
when more crops are available for display (this could compli-
ment the high tourist season). Transport difficulties in the
past, during the rains with the roads at that time had caused
NATS to be set for late May. With our improved roads, that
obstacle is removed.

As rapid global ramifications of the flu so clearly showed, the
modern world demands the cooperation between the public
and private sectors. To make the strides in agriculture neces-
sary to meet the future, Belize must also follow this path. The
agriculture industry surely needs a smooth functioning Na-
tional Show. It's up to the private sector to see if they are
ready to organize some additional shows.

As rapid global ramifications of the flu so clearly showed, the
modern world demands the cooperation between the public and
private sectors. To make the strides in agriculture necessary to
meet the future, Belize must also follow this path. The agriculture
industry surely needs a smooth functioning National Show. It's
up to the private sector to see if they are ready to organize some
additional shows.


Letters to the Editor

Dear Editor,

My name is Arnulfo Perrera, am a Belizean student at
Escuela Agricola Panamericana, El Zamorano, Honduras.
Am currently on my final year of a 4 year course for a
Bachelor's Degree in Science and Animal Production.

I think this is a wonderful idea to have to some actual in-
formation about the agriculture sector in our beautiful
jewel of ours. Since producing our own food is an impor-
tant key to our development as a country. I think there is
plenty more that can be done on our productive sector, for
example things that would be good to include are views of
the important crops such as Sugar Cane, Bananas, Citrus
amongst others.
Continues on page 3


Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize


Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 2







Continues from page 2

As well as to how we as a country are taking
advantages of Genetically Modified Crops.
How are we dealing with climate change: in the
productive sector, with the excess use of pesticides and
artificial fertilizers.
Do our famers have had information on Biological
Control agents as an option to pesticides

Once again I think this was a wonderful idea and there should
be an issue in Spanish as well. So that this information may get
to our small farmers for their knowledge.

Thanks,

Arnulfo A. Perrera
4th Year Student
Science and Animal Production
El Zamorano, Honduras


Dear Editor,


On a recent trip to Belize from Canada I noticed many back-
yard goaters. I was curious if there is any commercial goat
farming in Belize? In your publication there was an article
about raising sheep and the fact that demand outweighs
supply. It seems to me that the climate and terrain of much of
Belize would be more suited to the production of meat goats.
Considering the numerous backyard goats I would have to as-
sume there would be a market for goat meat. In much of Cen-
tral America and most of the Caribbean countries the vast ma-
jority of red meat consumption is goat, so there would be the
possibility of an export market as well. Great to see your new
publication, I will be looking forward to your next issue on the
internet, keep up the good work.

Stephen Blank
Alberta, Canada

Note

A very common but erroneous assumption is to mistake 'hair
breed' sheep, such as Barbados Black Belly sheep,for goats.
Another easy identifying trait is the tail. Sheep's tails are 'down,
and goats' tails are 'up'.

Goat population is minimal countrywide, perhaps because
Belizeans don't seem to share their Caribbean brothers' taste for
the meat. The potentialfor goat meat production, and export to
the Caribbean does seem viable though.


Dear Editor:
I have recently received emails like the following excerpted be-
low, on the subject of DIOXIN CONTAMINATION FROM BOT-
TLED WATER LEFT IN CARS. I am wondering, if these carcino-
gens can leak out so easily in North American cars, in their tem-
perate clime, what about contamination possibilities of the 5 gal-
lon plastic bottles here in tropical Belize? These sit for weeks (or
longer?) in the sun and extreme heat outside many business es-
tablishments. Is the Government of Belize able to test bottled
water here for Dioxin contamination? Have they done so?
Please look into this and print answers in your newsletter. I ex-
pect that bottled water is also as dangerous to men and children,
as it is to women- they just haven't pinned it down yet. Carcino-
genic is carcinogenic.
'women should not drink bottled water that has been left in a car.
The heat reacts with the chemicals in the plastic of the
bottle which releases dioxin into the water. Dioxin is
a toxin increasingly found in breast cancer tissue.
So please be careful and do not drink bottled water that has
been left in a car. Pass this on to all the women in your
life.'

Thank you.
Sincerely,
worried in Belmopan (name withheld by request)

Note

The Belize Ag Report has forwarded your concerns to BAHA.
Unfortunately at the time of going to press we had not received
a response. Hopefully, we will have one by our next issue.




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Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 3 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize







Organic Production


The Balance of the Seesaw...

I know that by now you are asking what an article about
Seesaws is doing in an agricultural paper, but a Seesaw has
more to do with agricultural practices than you would
imagine.

The Seesaw is a device that is operated on balance. Thus
agriculture is a practice that operates on balance. As a skinny
child sitting on the Seesaw, I would always lose the balance
when a healthier child would join the opposing seat. This
taught me a lesson that I would like to share. The balance
that must be maintained in any agricultural field is the
balance of nutrients, the balance of insects and the balance of
microbes. To obtain the balance there are two seats on the
Agricultural Seesaw. One seat is weighted with chemical
fertilizers, chemical pesticides and chemical fungicides; the
other seat is weighted with compost, organic pesticides and
microbial propagation. Which seat is correct? The truth is
that both are correct. The correctness is dependent on the
prospective of the farmer and the choices they will make prior
to starting a crop.

The land preparation costs are the same for both choices;
each method is dependant on fuel costs for plowing and har-
rowing. The ph adjustment is very similar; the difference is
that organic requires dolomitic lime. The dolomitic lime is
slower to release, but will continue release over a longer pe-
riod of time. With the cost comparison, the price per acre is
similar. The increased variance in costs begins with the next
processes. Chemical fertilizers compared to organic fertilizers
in the Belize market is usually a minimum of a 2 to 1 price
difference. The addition of insecticide application further
adds to the initial planting stage for conventionally produced
crops. For organic produced items, no insecticide is applied
at this stage to protect the micro-organisms used in fertility
breakdown. The micro-organisms biologically convert miner-
als into plant useable states for growth. As you see, the appli-
cation of a pesticide at this point will remove the natural con-
versions for plant fertility use, and this process must be re-
placed with a chemical amendment to replace the nutrient
availability. To state in a different way, the cost of the pesti-
cide further requires the added cost of a chemical fertilizer for
the crop to grow. Weed control takes two different methods;
In conventional farming, the use of a pre-emergence or herbi-
cide maintains weed suppression: and in organic methods
cultivation is required on a more continual basis. A cost com-
parison between the two methods discloses that the conven-
tional method requires the fuel and herbicides at a cost,
where the organic method requires the fuel cost, and both
costs are very similar over the crop season. With organic cul-
tivation methods, the nitrogen, which is contained within the
weeds, is turned under to allow the micronutrient fertility
conversion for use by the current crop. Harvest pricing be-
tween the two different methods is identical.


The final comparison for the Seesaw is from the USDA data-
base. Currently conventionally produced feed grade Soybeans
are priced at US$10.79 per bushel and organically produced
Soybeans are US$28.71 per bushel. This pricing difference
has been maintained historically. With this final comparison,
I have to ask the question, which seat of the Seesaw do you
see your farm taking?


For further information on pricing see the following links:

Organic Pricing: http://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/
gx gr120.txt

Conventional Pricing: http://www.cbot.com/


Greg Clark

Organic@belizeagreport.com


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Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 4 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize







Esperanza Fertilizer Established 1984
Call: 628 9301 or 620 1351
Severing Belize the Fertilizer It Needs

Save 50%-70% on all fertilizer!!!

100% Belizean Organic Fertilizer and Slow Releasing Rock Fertilizer

Dolomite 18 MgO 36.00/ton
Rock Fertilizer 0-1-17 $90.00/ton
Rock Fertilizer 0-3-4 $90.00/ton

Blended Mixes Supplying Trace Mineral and MgO, Calcium, and NKP

2-4-14 $260.00/ton
6-3-6 General Purpose $200.00/ton
0-1-16 $190.00/ton
2-1-6 $200.00/ton
5-5-5 Flowering mix $250.00/ton

All prices by Metric Ton in Bulk. In bags, add $20.00 per ton. Delivery $15 to $40 per ton
Depending on location.
Organic fertilizer mix based on a 5,000 year old Chinese recipe!

COMPARE & SAVE!

Chemical fertilizer Organic Fertilizer Chicken Manure
19-9-19 6-3-6 1-0.5-1
1 Ton Chemical Fertilizer 3.16 Ton 19 Ton N.P.K
N.P.K Organic fertilizer N.P.K Chicken Manure

General recommended application N.P.K
1201bs Nitrogen Chemical
60 Nitrogen organic or Manure
501bs Phosphorus chemical or organic
1201bs Potassium

Thus total then to =
6.3 bags chemical fertilizer 19-9 bags organic 6-3-6 114 bags chicken manure
19-9-19 per acre Fertilizer per acre Per acre

Cost per acre Organic fertilizers Chicken manure
Chemical fertilizers $200.00 $684
$510.30
504 per acre
330 SAVED!!! SAVED!


Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 5 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize







Bissy For Sale


I have been driving the Hummingbird Highway for many
years and have a favorite fairy tale house that I admire.
One day a few months ago a sign appeared outside saying
"Bissy for Sale". I asked around and no one had the answer
as to what bissy was. After driving passed several times
curiosity got the better of me, I stopped, honked the horn
and finally got to meet the owner of this pretty house.
"What exactly is bissy ?" I asked. I learned that her father,
originally from Jamaica, had brought it here. It is a cure all
for everything and a little grated and put under the tongue
a few times a day will fix you up in a hurry for whatever
ails you. "Ok but what exactly is it?" "I really do not know
it as anything but bissy dear, but all I know is it works. $1
bought me 3 hard somewhat triangular shaped nuts .
Looked a little like a cross between a chestnut and a nut-
meg. So off I went and once home tried it. Not unpleasant,
no real taste, so could not really imagine it doing anything
beneficial. Got on the internet and found it to be Kola nut,
Cola nut ,Guru nut, originally from Africa, many species
but all touted as a miracle cure. Weeks later I took ill with
fever and headache .The next day was even worse. On the
third day feeling like death I dragged myself up to go seek
medical attention. Got as far as the kitchen and saw the
bissy. Grated it to a powder and put some under the
tongue following the dosage instruction. Would you be-
lieve it by the evening I was not only better but fully recov-
ered with renewed energy. So now I too am a bissy be-
liever. In a nutshell this is what I have found out about it:
Stimulant similar to caffeine. Used to be in Coca Cola.
Said to be a good heart regulator, pick me up tonic, cure
jaundice ,control diabetes, headaches, menstrual cramps,
nausea,vomiting ,diarrhea and also improves digestion
Ways to take:
Add 1 teaspoon of fine grated bissy and 1 teaspoon of
grated dry ginger to a flask of white rum. Leave for time to
cure. Sip for upset stomach or belly ache.
Chew for alcohol poisoning or bad hangover.
Infusion of 1-2 teaspoon of powder in one cup of water
bring to a boil and then reduce heat to a simmer for 15
minutes. Drink when needed. This can also be used as a
tincture.
Safety: well I imagine as with anything caution should be


the word. Do not overdose.
Not for anyone allergic to caffeine Anyone with heart
problems and epilepsy should definitely consult a doctor
and pregnant or nursing mothers avoid.
The tree comes originally from the Sierra Leone and Congo
regions of Africa and these evergreen trees grow to about
40 feet.........
I do not know what varieties can be found in Belize but I
expect Central Farm could tell us this.

If anyone has something interesting to add to this please
e mail me Jenny Wildman: spectarte@gmail.com
or pass on to the newsletter:
Editor@belizeagreport.com


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Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 6 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize






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Newsletter,
Tell Others.


If you think of a suggestion
for future issues
Tell us!
editor@belizeagreport.com


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Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 7 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize


a : i i,~,~~ I ;I r ra iOII,"







Off the Grid
By
Belize Communication & Security Ltd.

Alternative energy is more than wonderful when the wind is
blowing or the sun is shinning or the creek is rushing. How-
ever, when the air becomes still, clouds are gathering and the
creek becomes dry it is difficult to regress by pulling out the
kerosene lanterns.

The words, "Alternative Energy" is not very descriptive and
has differing definitions based upon one's experience. While
wind, solar and hydro sources seem to be the common under-
standing to some, others consider alternative energy as walk-
ing rather than driving. Walking not only gets you somewhere
but it also allows you to live longer and have a moment to look
around at things you do not usually see and have time to visit
with the person who may walk with you.

There are certainly other forms of alternative energy around
and used in Belize and other countries. Biogas interest seems
to be growing and those using biogas have good things to say
about it. Then there is the more complex power systems such
as solar thermal energy. As far as we know there are no solar
thermal energy systems used in Belize but some have men-
tioned its value.

Alternative energy is not cheap which is why everyone does not
participate. One would think with all the interest in solar or
wind, mainly in developing countries, that the prices would
drop. One reason that prices do not become more affordable is
the increase in demand. Another reason is that developing
countries have tax benefits for those using something other
than fossil fuel (oil). We know that some States in the U.S.
have tax deductions up to almost 50% of the first cost. Need-
less to say folks that could not afford the 1oo% price may be
able to justify 50% of the original cost, thus more demand. Of
course, in Belize, we do not have such substantial benefits and
therefore pay the first price followed by shipping cost, duty,
environmental tax and finally, sales tax.

BCSL has been using alternative energy for almost 20 years
and has a great deal of experience, most of which involved in
what not to do. And, we are still learning as technology
changes. On the positive side you can reduce your power con-
sumption compared to fossil fuel. But (there is a "but") you
must do your home work and change your habits. We recom-
mend to all our customers that they must learn how (and make
it a habit) to switch something off when it really is not needed.

If you live in the bush and do not have any power, the motiva-
tion and justification grows and power becomes extremely
important. If your budget is tight, start small and plan for the
future. Four solar panels and a solar controller with an aver-
age of 170 Watts each will produce 765 Watts a day assuming
you have sun and no clouds. Solar power does not start charg-
ing significantly until around 10:oo AM and starts decreasing
around 2:30 PM. If you live in a remote area without power
you can start your alternative energy effort by acquiring bat-
teries and run your lighting using 12Volt Direct Current Lights.
(Yes, Spanish Lookout still offers 12VDC bulbs).


When funding is available you can make your solar system
more robust. In additional to a controller, batteries and solar
panels you may wish to run l20Volt AC loads. For this you
require an inverter to convert a 12VDC battery power (24V and
48V is also available) to noV AC. Inverters are different in
quality and price. We see China offering inverters for as little
as US$200.00. However, our experience with customer's
bringing in low quality inverters is not good. Parts may not be
available and technology is not sound. The best inverters have
followed technology and have real sine wave inverters just
like mains power. Sometimes paying a bit more will save
money in the long run.

About 15 years ago we discovered wind power. It is great if you
have wind. Use of wind more or less limits those living inland.
However, if you are on the coast or high in the mountains it is
a joy. Small wind turbines will produce 400 Watts if the wind
is blowing at 26mph. Turbines are not loud and obnoxious as
they were in the times past. Our first wind turbine made so
much noise that we were afraid to go outside thinking it might
fall apart. But, today it is different. The names of the best tur-
bines express the lack of noise or and vibration The Whisper,
Air Breeze, Skystream just to mention a few.

Regardless of need there is a wind turbine to match almost
everyone's individual need from 400 Watts to 10,000 Watts.
Turbines need to be installed in a clear area, away from or sub-
stantially above trees or other obstructions. The smaller tur-
bines have voltage controllers built in the unit so no additional
devices are required, except a mast or tower to raise the tur-
bine to a higher level. We do not recommend attaching a wind
turbine on a house. When the turbine is installed (yes, you can
do it yourself if you read the directions) all you need to do is
connect the wires to a battery and you are making power. As-
suming wind speed is around 17 mph you can provide/produce
up to 60 kWh per month. Of course, the wind must keep blow-
ing which is not always the case.

Should you invest in wind or solar? Just a few thoughts.
Solar's first cost is more expensive than turbines but turbines
have a greater chance for maintenance. After all, turbines are
mechanical but solar is passive with no moving parts.

We have found that solar and wind have a partnership when
installed together. During the sunny day, the solar panels do
their job. And, as the sun goes down, wind increases and takes
care of nighttime power storage. While this does not happen
all the time we have experienced this event often.

We mentioned that just installing alternative energy does not
complete the alternative energy formula. You must take time
to understand how wind and solar power works. Now that we
have Internet it is not difficult to find numerous articles, in-
structions and anticipated and real results.

Continues on page 9


Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 8 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize







Continues from page 8


Keep your own counsel and visit with those who have the
experience. Buy products that have a warranty in Belize and
select a vendor you can trust and fix the problems.


If interested, start your investigation now; don't wait. Wind
and sun are just waiting for you.





















tricity. The next step is to find out what the manufacturer in- ne e d s
dicates what appliance draws. It will be expressed in Watts or
Amps. All electrical devices nowadays have a plate on the rear
or bottom that gives you this information. (It's a good idea
that you also write down the model and serial numbers which
is usually near the power statement.)

Your final job is to estimate how long you use the load Beca use Communica tion Sa ves Lives
(appliance) during a 24 hour period 15 minutes, 1 hour, etc.
With the data you have collected you can estimate how many Two Un ity BI vd Be mo pa n
Watt hours you need to run your house or business, office @bo I iz c orn m u n ical ion .c om
T1:822-214 9
Once your alternative energy system is in place it is important T 22-2
to monitor, measure, and meter (the 3M's) your system for
optimal results. Living with alternative energy is a life-style.
Knowledge of your systems performance statistics, combined
with experience of local weather conditions and your family's
seasonal energy needs becomes a part of that life-style.

Finally, we must address generators and fossil fuel. While we
encourage the investigation and use of alternative energy, we
do have recommendations which have worked for us. Install
solar and wind power (if you have dependable wind) AND
have an adequate generator in standby mode. In Belize we
anticipate November through January. If the days are cloudy
and wind is less than expected the ability to start a generator
may save you from dark nights.

Alternative Energy will NOT take over power replacement
right away, if ever in our lifetime. If you watch TV, listen to
the radio or read the newspaper you will hear the "experts" tell
us that alternative energy is the answer to money and power
problems.


Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize


Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 9








Wholesale
Supplier


Specialty Organic Items:
*Round Zucchini
*Seedless Watermelons
*Grape Tomatoes
*Leaf Lettuce
*Romaine Lettuce
*Yellow Cauliflower
*Organic Peanuts
*Fresh Herbs
*Cucumbers
*All Peppers
*Carrots


Certified

Organic


Producer of

Fruits and


Vegetables.
Continuous Supply Available
for Restaurants, Resorts and
Markets.
Contract Grower for Menu
Planning Months in Advance.


Sol Farms, Ltd.
Mile 52.1 Western Highway, Teakettle
628-9040
.... .... .... ... .... .... .... ... .... .... .... ... .... .... ...


sales@s olfarm s ltd.com


Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com to Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize











Agriculture Prices at a Glance -$$$$$

A & 8 dates thedlM ce a I prac btwn flmt preacera s amcod prefera m
Trend (H) higher (L) MOwer(8) S


July 1, 2009


Young bWllt Sa, "e hlmfs r uslaur Mr L I 1.- I. 0.9" -1TO
Afed CfWt L O. 0.S! 0.7!- 0A0
Cld B1l L 0.1- 1.0 I 0.0- 0-.
H frs hr brmedlrq by the hed L $800 to $1900
YornW grm ss ca ( -Sabs) L I 1 0I-1.10I 1.00 1.09

WMnmw prI per head l 0 O bIb S $75.00 to I $.00
ritr Hrn. aW Ib. 125 200b 1.7 1.75 1.65 1.70

YoWng La* mbr sliguhtbr, pr lb. L 225 S- 2-0 2 .r 232
M tula SUe w Ib. L 1.70 1.73 1.0 1.70

A & B a-trdirM to she- wr raw of 3 0 9jj73 9

BHIle- IM per Br. s 5 $1-
ald njj 906j 9j0

Onrngn pnr so b H M.02 (fin eati mftl d pnM)
GralfR M s0 lb. box H 13.0 ial e tImed airfl

C m per Ib.(high quay, cldad & wsnittlnre bmggd, nuhMa tih dmRfceI) L .2 -.2 .21 .23
Mb per Ib. L .20-22 .10 .20
IK%, BidCs & LUttl Reds- pr 10b0 a(wthmah) S 125 -1S0 115 125
Blac r pa S 1. 1.20 71 1's S.P.
RLM Pld pr lb. L 90.3p .3i
mhialmti mad per b. L $I1.2
RtUl Cetttrl wl 1b L 1

lut PhymnR (Canr) S t 38 1 134 5O
Atr 2nMd Pafmint (Cft<&) S 48.00 t 4B00 ItL
Prodnmad Suga WhltI (112fackd)I 1 a contftlid so rtil
PrOicmSMd S mr B om 112ack) S .3M9 contlled AS I a rill

Export Pril per 40 Ba S s. 42 U-S.
Mlhalrk per 40 Bax S $8.B 2
IgiMll ON 10 9 1S.00 BZ


Tomuttn

Cuasnber

CWTaft


M-50- 7 1.00 1.5
.30 M .75 1.25
.30- .S .75- 1.2
1.25 -2O 2M 3.50
.75 1.00 1.25 1.SO


The supplies vary aceor g to the time of the ear, weathe ad imports. so the wholesale to rail price mark ups
vary as welL The prices and tems ae best est imes from ar best sm es and simply praiide range t aist uyers
and sellers in negotiations. I iduded a tried line t give and de out the supply and dend price results.
Notes: It see that we in agricukure are being cajht by the economic wisis dtt is affecting us, our neighbors ad
the wrld. In past similar eras Belie seemed to be less effced. As I talk to rmers and liestck producers around
the coumry, everybody is feeling the pinch. The com answer seems tw he hat we meed to seek marelr with our
neighbors who have high poputiaons and are seek imports. To tha end it will only happen Ad o Gowemment and
private ser join together establish relasimships with e users about BELIZEAS PRODUCTS I am very
encouraged amd I see it begiing t happen- Thanks Miister and GOB
iMatadS l0 I0IbrS past a i mr pJ- Carr


Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 11 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize







Ask Rubber Boots

Hi there, Rubber Boots,

Question: How can I prevent grasshoppers, leaf-cutter
ants and other leaf-eating insects from eating my plants?

Answer: Use 3 tablespoons of garlic oil with 3 drops of
detergent in a quart of water and pour solution into a
spray bottle. The spray does not harm the plants but de-
ters insects. The recipe for garlic oil is the following:

1 whole bulb of garlic, minced
1 cup of vegetable oil

Mix the garlic and oil together in a glass jar with a tight-
fitting lid. Put the mixture into the refrigerator to steep
for a day or two. (If your eyes don't water when you
open the lid, add another bulb of minced garlic and wait
a day.) Strain out the solids; pour the oil into a fresh
jar. Keep it in the refrigerator until you are ready to use
it.

R.B.


If you have any questions or tips for Rubber
Boots, please send them to;
rubberboots@belizeagreport.com


Stallion Service
'.,J9 Nats Champ

3/4 Thorou glhbred

1/4 Quarter Horse

$500.00
Cedar Bluff Ranch
664-7272

Belize Ag Report


Looking for oldest

working tractor

in Belize.

Please call 664-7272
or Email editor(cDbelizeaoreoort.com


( Sweet Ting


Cheesecakes
Over 30 Gourmet Flavors Available!
S Cakes & Party Trays
-


lime Vega

H10-4174


Continued from front page


community, is known as one who does not hesitate to set
priorities, roll up his sleeves, and follow things through. He
has attended BLPA meetings and is a valued friend to
Belizean agriculture. His efforts are deeply appreciated at
this critical juncture.
Ranchers and members of the public wanting more infor-
mation from BLPA can reach the executive Secretary, Mr.
Harry Parham or Office and Field Manager Mr. Roger Cal,
at BLPA's headquarters, Mile 47 Western Highway. BLPA
reminds ranchers to be current with the Annual Fee of
$1oo., prerequisite to qualify for voting privileges at the
2009 Annual Meeting. Directors are Mr. Frank Remple, Mr.
Leo Sanchez, Mr. Rudy Crawford, Mr. Fred Hunter, Mr.
Edmond Longsworth, Mr. Abdala Bedran, Mr. John Carr,
Treasurer, Mr. John Dyck, Secretary, and Dr. Errol Vanzies,
Chairman.
By B. Roberson
for more information, go to pages 21-23 of our online
edition to read the Oct. 08 article, "Belize cattle producers
work to open markets ",from The Western Livestock
Journal.


Come and join us at


Best Restaurant in town!

Located on Burns Ave,

San Ignacio, Cayo


Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize


Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 12













BtL;teNatipoa yo~4th C4LeS foD4WtRoi~.
.5AP SkV~iem~~






TIlEKI AUIVMTVKEILM OF



During the past two years the Belize Naional Youth Chess Foundatian has developed a
rnabor wide pl-ny y'uut dhess pngani, teaching chess as a "RMrjia*rNd wid Fducatiaial
12UE to ptiiny chdrms twou~ipm the Natin.

At this lime, over 400) hidrem are now ptayiug members of oawr 50 chess kn sthmsxiojtA
the country arid 120 wioweefs haw been trained as enry level dcess coaches-

Aithmigl all dildren are encouraged to join chess clubs sparosoced by BNYCF, the
Founmabous goal is working with dserntrcdhised mad at-4is ypttrs fkvn throughout the six
Cisncts of Beliz-a

Chess is tm- more then W a game. It ta t correctly, as an educaiiaial and mcftarmi
tool, dcess will benefit a duiild in mare rays than can posstly be knagiied.

Developing the C~hess In Belize" nalianal prforn leaiches lie chikrern Disciplire, Cdfticaf thinUidrg,
Logical thinking, Merory development, Abit I arltyze actians aid cosequnces, Pattern
recognition, Cregivity, PrAblen song, Planrirng ahad, the a~iity to setting" up short and
lkng ternns gods, sportanaistp and Iritellectul mid ernotionaI mathilty and development of
Cognilliv skills All sils tugt dil erlunce a child's future diity to be successfii Uirhughout
their lhe&

The Belize Naioand Youth Chiess Foundation is now dose to endirig its full second year of
pramotkiig dcess throu~1oIA Belize and is holding b seacrd ainud 'Belize Chess Olympiad,
2OW on Saturday, Api 25", stating at &00J am at the Beirnopan LM Gyrmwrrin. We iwite
donalions to support the efforts of the BNYCF in the orgnrziig of the Chesw Ciyrriu
2OiF and to have al1 interested in supporting Mte BNYCF to attend the OIyiqiad ou the 2P5-'

For mom ilaunatuion, please writ to: BNYCF, beizecheskran n.c To see the
current evnts krlonTaiirl and pictLres fimn the previous events, please vimt our aebsite at
ymw-beliirchess.ara ard we hope that you wi1 get inklved and join us in th lgeat aderiwre
Ofchess-


Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 13 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize







Profitable Ag Markets

The Key to One of the Twin Pillars.

I mention one of the twin pillars as we have heard for years
about the Twin Pillars of our economy ***Tourism and
Agriculture*** You can talk to about anyone involved in
the tourism industry at about any level and they will proba-
bly say they are in a business slow down phase (some tour-
ism aspects have nearly stopped). How we market what we
have produced determines our future, affecting: 1. Local
food sustainability 2. Expansion 3. Foreign exchange. 4. Debt
repayment 5. Government revenues and 6. Improvement of a
progressive standard of living for all of us. On the other
hand, if we produce agricultural products and are unable to
sell them or we have to sell them at below cost of production,
we will be a non-contributor to all of the above.

We must take care of and support the Agriculture
Pillar which includes sugar, citrus, bananas, corn, beans,
rice, pigs; we will also include shrimp and fish farming as
well. Needless to say we all eat vegetables everyday and
those producers also need markets and profits.

Often times we farmers (all inclusive by name) get so in-
volved in crop production that we forget to put an equal or
appropriate amount of time to seek a fair and ready market.
One thing is for sure, that farm production takes months and
even years of preparation and it requires a continuous flow of
labor, sweat, sleepless nights and not to mention money you
must use (often times borrowed) to succeed. All of the above
applies to a farmer whether he works ten acres of vegetables
or a citrus/corn/beans farmer with several hundred acres-
we are all in the same boat. Because of unpredictable


weather, insects, fungi and hurricanes, we always face the
risk of low production or disaster. We compensate those
problems by sometimes having a good year in which we pay
our bills and maybe have some left over.

I am talking to farmers, GOB officials and other business
men who believe we can expand our food product by
ten times over the next ten years. This will only happen
if we develop a trade relationship with our neighbors -We
must export to survive. We have close neighbors in
Mexico, Guatemala, Salvador, Honduras and the Caribbean
who all import corn and other products from the U.S. We are
closer to many of these destinations and in many cases we
feel we have an equal or better product.

We have to form relationships locally- producers and
government- and convince our neighbors that it is to their
advantage to trade with us. We must lobby together which
includes the Ministries of Agriculture, Finance, Trade,
Health, Customs and certainly BAHA. We must develop a
changed attitude that says "Here's what we can do to
facilitate the export market". Often times there exists an
attitude of "Here's the reason we can't do it". For many of us,
positive marketing or lack of the same leads us to success or
failure.

Let's all join hands and share ideas that promote
two way trades with our neighbors.

By John Carr, Banana Bank Ranch


Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 14 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize






Wholesale and Retail
Gasoline &k Diesel
NNe Delivei


_ rmnti E


Home Construction
""-;; li -"""~;Zi~


SMile Iguana Creek Bridge
Spanish Lookout / Cayo
Belize / Central America
4-2673
Sft -. .com


Innovative Wood and Concrete Houses A Variety of Construction and Service.
Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 15 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize


Tel: 824-2199
Cell: 610-1970


qrb


~II


mm
M 11L0











Belize Agriculture & Adventure Package



Package Description



Every morning you will start your day with a delicious Caribbean breakfast of eggs, beans, tropical fruits, fry jacks
or pancakes, fresh squeezed orange juice, coffee or tea. All the farm tours are personally conducted by the owner
or our qualified guides who know and have been a part of the culture and history of Belize and Banana Bank.
During river activities you can see birds, iguanas and monkeys. Our river activities can be fishing with a local
(bring your own pole) boat tour, river tubing or kayaking. Our horses are trained as per horse whispering methods.


..... .


ICii::iiiiiiiiiiiiiiii ".


For a clearer image in colour go to www.belizeagreport.com July/Aug issue


Learn about the German descent Mennonites, their farming methods then and now. They produce 90% of the coun-
tries dairy and poultry products as well as export grains and beans. Central Farm is a government centre where the
agriculture school and many labs for soil & seed testing are based. During the course of the tour, information and
discussions will include: *Tropical climate farming with year round 80 degrees plus and 80 inches of rain *Soil
types and how they are managed, maintained and improved. *Cattle breeds that are successful in the tropics
*Markets both local and export *Niche crops specific to the tropics and the biodiversity of Belize *Farming prac-
tices yet emerging from the Stone Age to mechanization *Land ownership and retirement

7 days / 6 nights includes meals tours, transfers, accommodations entry fees, guides & taxes

$1305.00 per person (based on double occupancy)


Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 16 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize







BELIZE-MICHIGAN PARTNERS MORINGA TREE
NUTRITION PROJECT

Dr. Chris Bennett, President

I first heard of Moringa in August, 2005, when Dr. Don Harter
visited Belize. Dr. Harter is a retired Professor of Agriculture
from Idaho, U.S.A. and a member of the Partners of the
Americas. I was excited to hear about the nutritional and
health benefits of Moringa and I was immediately convinced
that Moringa could have tremendous benefits in Belize.

The National Moringa Tree Nutrition Project was launched in
November, 2006, during the Partners of the Americas 2006
International Convention, which was being hosted in Belize by
the Belize-Michigan Partners. Belizeans are very nutrition and
health conscious and were therefore easily convinced of the
great benefits of Moringa.

The Moringa Tree is actually referred to as a'Miracle Tree' and
it originates in Asia/Africa. It provides a boost in energy, nu-
trition and health. In fact, in the Philippines they refer to it as
'mother's best friend' because of the great health and nutrition
benefits the tree has to the whole family. Research has shown
that ounce per ounce, the leaves of the Moringa Tree have
seven times the amount of Vitamin C that would be found in
oranges. It has four times the Vitamin A found in carrots,
three times the Iron found in spinach, four times the Calcium
in milk, two times the protein in milk and three times the Po-
tassium in bananas. Besides the nutritional benefits, interna-
tional research has also shown that it affects high blood pres-
sure, diabetes, arthritis and the immune system.

In March, 2007, 5000 young Moringa plants, along with
Moringa Tree Information Leaflets were distributed FREE of
cost to families in villages, towns and cities throughout Belize.
The Moringa Tree Information Leaflet described methods of
using the Moringa leaves, the Pods, the Peas, the Flowers and
the dried seeds. The various nutritional and medicinal bene-
fits were also highlighted.

The plant was later put on sale and the general population
continued to secure their Moringa plants. We received re-
quests from people from high, middle and low socio-economic
backgrounds. They were using the leaves raw or in their fa-
vourite recipes. As their plants matured, they were making
Moringa drinks with the leaves. Others were drying the leaves
and grinding them to make Moringa Powder. This was then
sprinkled on their prepared foods to obtain the immense bene-
fits. Charlie's wine is now producing Moringa wine. Perhaps a
pleasurable way to get health benefits.

In March, 2009, in Punta Gorda Town, a Moringa Tree Nutri-
tion Workshop was conducted to expand the Moringa Tree
Nutrition Project, in the Toledo District. More than 100 com-
munity leaders, from various communities in the Toledo Dis-
trict, were given 9,000 Moringa seeds and 9,000 nursery bags.
The leaders would then form Committees and plant the seeds,
and so instead of distributing the Moringa seeds to the fami-
lies, two young Moringa plants will be given to each family in
the Toledo District, along with a Moringa Tree Information
Leaflet. The participants gave an undertaking that they will
encourage the families in the Toledo District to use the
Moringa on a daily basis.


The Belize-Michigan Partners is hoping that Moringa will be-
come a household name and a staple food in Belize.

It should be mentioned that Moringa Oil is of an excellent
quality (73% Oleic Acid) similar to Olive Oil. Again Agricul-
tural Research has shown that Moringa leaf extract contains
growth hormone, Moringa shoots can be used as a green ma-
nure, and Moringa leaves improve milk yields and daily weight
gains in cattle and pigs.

For further information or to purchase Moringa plants at $10
each, please contact

Dr. Chris Bennett, Tel: 223 0404 email: bennett@btl.net.


Partners of the Americas was formed in 1965, by U.SA
President, John F. Kennedy, as the people-to people compo-
nent of the Alliancefor Progress. The Partners of the Ameri-
cas works by linking 45 U.S. States with Mexico, Caribbean,
South American and Central American countries. Belize is
linked with Michigan to form the Belize-Michigan Partners.
Partners promotes broader citizen participation, train lead-
ers and mobilize hemisphere collaboration. Partners
Programs include different aspects of citizen participation,
education, youth, agriculture, health,family life, economic
development, culture, etc.


BRC PRINTING
DESKTOP PUBLISHING LTD.


Nazarene St. Benque Viejo
Tel: 823-3139 Fax: 823-3082
E-mail: brc@btl.nel


Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 17 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize


r

~







ADVERTISER INDEX



AG SUPPLIES/PRODUCTS Page


Agro-Vet Jiron
Allen's Hardware
Esperanza Fertilizer
James Brodie & Co.
Running W
Sol Farms Ltd.


BUILDERS


Tobar's Home Construction

FARMS/RANCHES


Banana Bank Ranch


GALLERIES/GIFTSHOPS


Spectarte


HOTELS/RESTAURANT/CATERING/TOURISM


Agriculture adventure tours
Banana Bank Lodge
Cheers
KO-OX HAN -NAH (lets go eat)
Moms Restaurant
Sweet Ting

LIVESTOCK/ANIMALS

Stallion Service
German Sheppard Puppies
Belize Bird Rescue

REAL ESTATE BROKERS


If you see an injured wild bird, or an
abused or poorly cared-for captive bird
report it to the Government of Belize
Forestry Department, 822 1523/4
contact Belize Bird Rescue if you
would like advice on
caring for your pet or wish to
enter your bird into our
Rehabilitation Program


SBelize
SBird Rescue
Bird Sanctuary and Rehabilitation Centre
Cayo District, Belize
Phone: (+501) 822 1145
Cell: 610 0400 / 602 4291
E-mail: info@belizebirdrescue.com


Injured bird? Unwanted or problem parrot?
Consider donating him to Belize Bird Rescue's Rehabilitation
Program.
Our aim is to rehabilitate and return the bird to the wild. See
www.belizebirdrescue.com or call 602 4291 for details


Black pure bred German Shepherd
pups for sale


Born May 11/09. 2 males, 2 females

$650 Bz


Contact Nadege at 678-6700


Bayshore Ltd.
Ceiba Realty
Diamond Realty
Holdfast Ltd.


SERVICES


Across
Belize Communication & Security Ltd.
CP Gas


11011)1 ASI


I .1,


Cedar Bluff
Riverfront Community
Macal River Common Area
Security, Underground Utilities
1 mile from San Ignaclo



662-700 663677


Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 18 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize


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"'2usaIly 1Pwvadu~tv A~t 'rthw M mt Prl=c&m In Uhfte =cx.ntry"'



Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 19 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize








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S..lA. gricultural Productsj
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Jul/Aug 2009 BelizeAgReport.com 20 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize


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