A a e
John Carr speaks, and Belize Ag listens.
Mechanized Farming compared to Sustainable Agriculture
Mechanized Farming compared to Sustainable
Agriculture requires different inputs and training.
Mechanized Farming needs to include tractor type
equipment and you must be able to dry, package, trans-
port via containers and semi-trucks.
Sustainable Agriculture Usually we think of mostly
labour to prepare the ground, plant, fertilize, spray, har-
vest and delivery usually in bags.
Production Principles and examples
TO INCREASE SOMETHING YOU SUBSIDIZE IT.
In agriculture, we need to occasionally have very
reasonable profits to offset minimum or sometimes
total losses due to hurricanes, too wet, too dry, worms,
weeds, insects or a loss of market where prices are below
production costs. (Locally produced vegetables are often
in this category) This results in an incentive to plant next
year. We need government to help pave the way, import
wise, market wise and financing.
TO DECREASE SOMETHING YOU TAX IT.
By regulating markets, controlling prices and implement-
ing unreasonable taxations, you hamper profits and hence
production efforts and investment decreases. The result is
little or no hope or incentive to plant next year.
(Continued on page 19)
The Belize Ag Report is a monthly agriculture newsletter. Our
purpose is to collect, edit and disseminate information useful
to the Belizean producer, large or small. We invite opinions
on issues, which are not necessarily our own .
Belize Ag neither solicits nor accepts political ads.
BelizeAgReport.com 1 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
Inside this issue:
.Ag Profile-Spanish Lookout
*Greg Clark on Organic Production
.Know the Breeds in Belize Nelore Cattle
.Is Sheep Faming for You? P. Margesson
*Alternative Energy; What about it?
.Book review- grow native Belize
* 1850 Steam Tractor
* Agricultural Prices at a Glance
I01 111 I 1
From the Editor
Allow us to introduce ourselves. We are The Belize Ag
Report, a monthly newsletter, headquartered in the Cayo
District, but covering the entire country of Belize.
How did we come into existence? As a result of an exas-
perating conversation asking a friend,' Where is the agri-
culture news?', given that it is the largest sector of the Be-
lizean economy. Simply put, it's an astounding situation
here! Even the agriculture sector itself, in a way, feel 'un-
We do not claim to be the official voice of agriculture
Please read our mission statement printed on front
page. To the other members of the Belizean media, we
say 'Please listen to agriculture.' What is more important
than the food we eat? Isn't food the new 'oil' in the world
economy? What good is oil or money if you don't have
Agriculture is about growth, the next generation, the next
crop, for us, that is, the next issue we look forward to
growing and serving you. We thank all our sponsors for
advertisements. We will be contacting more of you poten-
tial advertisers. If we have more supporters, then we can
also have more articles. Our goal is to maintain a com-
patible ratio enough ads to support the
Our goal is to cover agriculture countrywide we fell down
on this a bit, we apologize to the cane farmers. HUGE
THANK YOU to all our contributors. Please keep us in
mind when you feel like writing again. If you enjoyed a
feature, please tell us, and we will relay your thoughts.
The heart of the paper, the commodities prices is new to
us but in the future look for weekly updates
online, graphs to show history and trends, and prices from
Peten, Guatemala and southern Mexico.
We invite farmers, and the public to communicate with us
- note the columns with 'write in' sections q and a for
Organic Production, Vet Column, Alternative Energy, and
Ask Rubber Boots the catch all column for all q and a ...
Please write us with your ideas for topics you would like
covered, and let us hear from you. Our format is fluid We
are all ears.
Until the next issue, keep well and enjoy the rural life.
See you at the NATS!
Table of contents
Front Mechanized Farming compared to Sustainable
Page Agriculture John Carr
2 From the Editor
Agricultural Prices at a Glance
3 Compiled by BasGroup
Organic Production Greg Clark
4 Vet Column-Equine Grass Sickness
Hard times for Citrus Growers Frank Redmond
History & Structure of Spanish Lookout
10 Ask Rubber Boots
11 Ken DuPlooy, The Man Behind the Green Screen
Sheep Farming-Is it for you?
14 Peter Margesson
Book Review- Grow Native Belize
15 Belize National Chess Foundation
Now & Then-185o Tractor
6 Alternative Energy-Hugh Leyton
17 Nelore Cattle-Beth Roberson
Belize Ag Report Spanish Lookout
available at: San Ignacio/Santa Elena
Orange Walk Dangriga
Belize City Big Creek
Belmopan Punta Gorda
Belize Ag Report, P.O. Box 150, San Ignacio, Cayo
Phone: 663 6777/664 7272
Editor: Beth Roberson
Technical Manager: Jane Beard
Submissions as follows:
Letters to the Editor: firstname.lastname@example.org
Deadline date-12th of every month
Printed by BRC Printing, Benque Viejo
Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
Agriculture Prices at a Glance -$$$$$
A & B denotes the difference between flesh, weight,age quality and yield
Young Bulls, Steers, Heifers for slaughter
Heifers for breeding by the head
Young grass cattle (300-5501bs)
Weiner Pigs, per head 30 to 501bs
Butcher Hogs, per lb. 125 2001bs
Young Lambs for slaughter, per lb.
Mature Sheep, per lb.
A & B according to size- per tray of 30
Broilers- live per lb.
Oranges per 90 Ib box (most growers say these estimated prices
Grapefruit per 90 lb. box are below the cost of production)
Grains, Beans & Rice
Corn per lb.
Milo per lb.
RK's, Blacks & Little Reds- per 100 Ibs (wholesale)
Rice: Paddy per lb.
Wholesale milled per lb.
Retail Control per Ib
1st Payment (Cane)
After 2nd Payment (Cane)
Processed Sugar White (112#sack)
Processed Sugar Brown (112#sack)
Export Price per 40 Ib Box
Wholesale per 40 Ib Box
Retail per 10
Fruit & Vegetables
1.05 1.10 0.95 -1.05
0.80 0.90 0.70 -0.80
0.95 1.05 0.85 0.95
$1200 to $2500
1.20 1.30 I 1.10 1.20
$75.00 to $90.00
2.15 2.25 I 2.05 2.15
2.75- 3.50 2.25- 2.75
2.25 2.75 1.75 2.25
$5.75 I $5.25
.25- .27 .23 .25
.23- .25 .21 .23
125-150 115 125
Corozal Orange Walk
46.00 est. 46.00 est.
.45 controled .50 retail
.39 controled .45 retail
.50-75 1.00- 1.50
.30 .60 .75 1.25
.30 .50 .75 1.25
1.25 -2.00 2.50 3.50
.75 1.00 1.25 1.50
The supplies vary according to the time of the year, weather and imports. Also the wholesale to retail price
markups vary as well.
These prices and terms are best estimates from our best sources and simply provide a range to assist
buyers and sellers in negotiations.
PRICES AS OF APRIL 13-20 2009
BelizeAgReport.com 3 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
Visiting the Bank
When farmers are presented the question of what crop
they grow, the typical answer is "Corn, Beans, Rice, etc."
When an Organic Farmer is asked the same question, their
answer is always "The Soil." For the Organic Farmer, the
soil is the primary product for their farm, it is their farm.
The growing of the soil is really a simple process, and we
want to explain the process with the comparison of a bank.
Banks provide two types of savings yields, a short term
return on money that is deposited and a long term return.
The short term can be withdrawn at anytime, which pro-
vides a lower return to the depositor. To obtain the higher
rate, long term return, the depositor is required to commit
their deposit to a certain time period. This procedure is
identical in the farming process. Using conventional
methods, the crop is chosen to be grown and then the fer-
tilizer, insecticides and fungicides are added to produce
that specific crop for that specific time. This process re-
starts again at harvest time for the next crop. In this proc-
ess, the soil is mainly used as a pillar to support the plant
while growing. All requirements for promoting the growth
is provided externally of the soil. Using the organic meth-
ods, the crop is chosen due to what is currently available
for the soil to yield. The soil contains the majority of the
components to provide the prolific growth of the plant.
To grow soil, the process is quite simple. There are 3 ma-
jor items that are required to promote the growth of soil;
Compost, Rotation and Microbes. Compost is a process
that returns the nutrients back to the soil that was bor-
rowed by the plant in the previous growing cycle. The ma-
jority of the nutrients borrowed are still maintained in the
green material after the crop harvest. Compost will allow
the nutrients to break down and return to revitalize the
soil. Rotation is the process of maintaining the nitrogen
cycle. Selection of proper plants during crop rotation pro-
vides an adequate nitrogen level for growth of crops.
Maintaining legumes in the rotation will allow for these
small nitrogen pumps to pull nitrogen from the atmos-
phere and place it in the soil for use by the following crop.
Plants in the legume family are peanuts, and various
beans. Following the legume crop, the crop will have ex-
cess nitrogen for use in growth.
Microbes are soil borne organisms that will convert min-
eral nutrients into organic materials that the crop will be
able to utilize directly. Microbe health is one of the most
important aspects of the health of the soils, and further
health of the plant that is grown in the soil.
In following articles, we will break down the entire process
of soil development and the process to achieve the growing
of soil in detail.
In a closing note, the most fertile soil in the world today,
termed Terra Preta, was created over 2000 years ago by
farmers who grew soil as their crop, and harvested the by-
products to feed a nation. For further information see:
If you have any questions you would like to have answered
concerning Organic Farming methods, please email me at
the link below.
Equine Grass Sickness
While trying to diagnose what suddenly and eventually
claimed the life of one of our best brood mares,( daughter
of the well know ranch & race horse, Popcorn
(Palomino). we learned of a newly diagnosed disease,
Equine Grass Sickness. We invite our readers to learn
about this new sickness in the following arti-
cle from Wikipedia.
Beth Roberson, Cedar Bluff Ranch
Grass sickness is a polyneuropathy affecting the central,
peripheral and enteric nervous systems. The majority of
visible clinical signs are related to paralysis within the
digestive tract although nerve damage occurs throughout
the body. There are three forms of grass sickness:
acute grass sickness (AGS) horses display signs of
colic and require euthanasia or die within 48 hours
subacute grass sickness (SAGS) horses display
clinical signs similar to AGS but with less severity and
may survive up to 7 days
chronic grass sickness (CGS) horses present with severe
and rapid weight loss and a selected portion of these
cases may survive.
Clinical signs common to all subsets include: depression,
anorexia, colic (moderate with AGS/SAGS and mild with
CGS), excess salivation, constipation, nasogastric fluid
secretion, patchy sweating, muscle tremors and eyelid
Continued on page 17
4 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
Esperanza Fertilizer Established 1984
Call: 628 9301 or 620 1351
Severing Belize the Fertilizer It Needs
Save 50%-70% on all fertilizer!!!
100% Belizean Organic Fertilizer and Slow Releasing Rock Fertilizer
Dolomite 18 MgO
Rock Fertilizer 0-1-17
Rock Fertilizer 0-3-4
Blended Mixes Supplying Trace Mineral and MgO, Calcium, and NKP
6-3-6 General Purpose
5-5-5 Flowering mix
All prices by Metric Ton in Bulk. In bags, add $20.00 per ton. Delivery $15 to $40 per ton
Depending on location.
COMPARE & SAVE!
Chemical fertilizer Organic Fertilizer Chicken Manure
19-9-19 6-3-6 1-0.5-1
1 Ton Chemical Fertilizer 3.16 Ton 19 Ton N.P.K
N.P.K Organic fertilizer N.P.K Chicken Manure
General recommended application N.P.K
1201bs Nitrogen Chemical
60 Nitrogen organic or Manure
501bs Phosphorus chemical or organic
Thus total then to =
6.3 bags chemical fertilizer 19-9 bags organic 6-3-6 114 bags chicken manure
19-9-19 per acre Fertilizer per acre Per acre
Cost per acre
Chemical fertilizers Organic fertilizers Chicken manure
$510.30 $200.00 $684
504 per acre
BelizeAgReport.com 5 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
lamond Realt Tourist Information
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BelizeAgReport.com 6 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
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BelizeAgReport.com 7 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
Hard Times for Citrus Growers......but there is a
The world economic crisis is having a severe effect on citrus
prices. World stocks of orange juice are at an all time high,
and prices are unbelievably low. This year for example, Beliz-
ean citrus growers will receive $5.50 a box for oranges and
$3.25 for grapefruit. It costs about $7 to grow and deliver a
box of oranges and $5.50 for grapefruit.
No one can predict the turnaround in the world markets and
it could get even worse. After two profitable years, in 2006
and 2007, the Citrus Industry decided to invest in a "value
added juice line", in order to be able to produce and sell di-
rectly to the consumer, what the consumer wanted....a shelf
stable citrus juice in a package that does not require refrigera-
tion. For too many years, Belize has been producing and sell-
ing a commodity which had to be sold to juice processors who
packaged the juice and sold it to consumers.
The most successful soft drink company in the world, Coco
Cola, produces and sells soft drinks which can be distributed
and stored without refrigeration. The fresh juices and not
from concentrated juices that our Industry presently produce
require refrigeration, so that retailers can only buy what they
can store in their refrigerator. Even the commodity concen-
trated juice has to be shipped and stored frozen. Far better to
have a product that can be stored and distributed under nor-
This year will mark the start-up of the "Tetra-pack" line at the
factory in Pomona. It should start to produce significant re-
sults and better prices for growers next year. It is an invest-
ment of $1o million at a time when many question the viabil-
ity of the Industry. This is an Industry which has continually
been Belize's leading agricultural earner of foreign exchange
and directly affects over 5,000 Belizeans.
This year will be a very bad year with lots of belt tightening,
brought about by world market conditions over which we have
no control. The Tetra pack line will enable growers to share in
all the profits in selling the juice to the consumer, and most
importantly, the Industry will be producing the juice in a
package which will be consumer friendly and much easier to
distribute and store.
How can one be so confidant that this venture will be profit-
able and give growers a profitable price for their fruit? The
answer lies in what has traditionally be the core reason why
juice producers have been willing to buy Belizean concen-
trated juices.......because of our high quality, they buy our
juice to blend upwards their lower quality products.
Belize has the quality product. Soon, with the right packaging
and distribution, our citrus farmers will be able to receive a
profitable return on their citrus investments.
By Frank Redmond-Chairman of the Citrus Growers Assoc.
Feters B rake Service
RFt ui7ir and P.-Iile of hrcik's and citltchcs
i wn.vr i *, .
(0 -2 -, :
S II ~J 'Ii
There is no place like
Spectarte for paintings,
lighting, and unique
treasures for home and
gifts crdttcd by Bclican
xuu rmnwarcxvanuu jLuau, L ai arian.n,
Placentla, Stann Creek, Belize
We are open Thurs Smn
10 am 6pm or by appointment
spectarli, lc gmil.com
BelizeAgReport.com 8 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
Introduction to history and structure of
When we came to Belize, then British Honduras in 1958
we did not ask for land grants or tax exemptions but
agreed to pay all duties and taxes. We asked for the
freedom to educate our children in our own schools,
exemption from military service and compulsory social
There is a big falsehood about tax payments. Many
government officials and others believe or used to
believe that Mennonites don't pay taxes. This is not
true. We have had no income tax exemption or any
other exemptions except for immigration head tax as
offered by the government.
Primarily the elders of the church and community
leaders started the community. Each church district
has its own elders, which have general meetings to
obtain unified management of the mainline church
affiliation. We used to elect trusties for the mundane
administration at a brotherhood meeting. Now there
are so many different church affiliations that we elect
the trustees at a general meeting for the sake of
democracy. We elect a three-member executive
committee for the oversight of all committees and
representation before the government. Each village or
school district elects a member for the school, road, and
land committee. Each village elects a chairman.
Overseers are elected for community-wide committees.
We have various committees which are elected for gen-
eral community projects. The last Saturday of each
month there is a general committee meeting, where all
aspects of the management are planned. The chairman
of the executive committee chairs the meeting.
Financial needs are met by a membership and income
fee. 2% is charged on all crops, 1% on livestock sales,
and 0.25 % percent on all business sales. You have to
pay a road-use fee for every tractor and vehicle as well
as an acreage fee and a heavy fee for pavement road
There are four revolving plan CO-Ops in the
community, Farmers Trading Center Western Dairies,
Quality Poultry Products and Farmers Light Plant.
Dividends are paid out to community members five to
eight years later for the amount of business you have
done this year.
Today I will again quote the prophet Jeremiah when
he advised the children of Israel on their conduct in the
captivity of Babylon. (We will call ours the liberty of
Belize) "Build houses, plant trees, let your children
marry, and increase. Work for the well of the country. If
it goes well for the country, it will go well for you."
Today we can honestly say it has gone well for the
country and us.
Menno Loewen Spanish Lookout
100 Embarcadero Road,
Maya Beach, Placencia,
Stann Creek, Belize.
S Telephone: 501523 19
Cels 6722255, 604.8910
P. O. Box 248
# 3 Shopping Unit
Belize, C. A.
Member BATA & BTIA
You have seen our signs, come visit us at Maya Beach.
Check out our website for updates at
BelizeAgReport.com 9 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
C^~a^ A *rtt
Ask Rubber Boots
Hi there, Rubber Boots,
What kind of flour is best for bread? Why does bread
sometimes come out with a "heavy" texture?
High gluten flour is best for bread. High gluten flour,
which is high in protein, at least 15% per cent, is milled
from hard spring wheat. Robin Hood flour and Hi-Rise
Whole Wheat flour are two brands that are high in pro-
If flour is left too long in a humid climate, sometimes
even in a sealed container, such as Tupperware, it ab-
sorbs moisture and makes bread come out with a
"heavy" texture. Buy flour in smaller quantities or use it
while it's fresh (before it absorbs too much moisture) to
ensure a light texture.
Dear AG Reader,
Anybody have a good way to get those annoying geckos
out of your house, that is without lots of poison? Send
them in and we'll print the best solutions.
Dear Creative Cooks,
Belize AG would like to hear what novel uses our read-
ers have found for Cassava flour, Breadfruit flour and
Ramon nut flour. Please submit your ideas and recipes,
with your name and address. Belize Ag will print the
most interesting, along with sender's name and address,
unless requested not to.
If you have any questions or tips for Rubber
Boots, please send them to;
Burns Ave, San Ignacio, Cayo.
BelizeAgReport.com to Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
. tM C zSw 4 I. 4 0 .
Z4K lWd 4r i* W 4,lt 4W'& -
SpCel^J 5 teiMrr se at m twMwm o k
r. ...4 < 'i L A
i(s (cr- 67t?
Ke dnPlooy, Te Ma Behind ae Green Scree
Just 15 yms a wht is now tse 45-acre Belie Bo-
nic Gardns was norbing bt acres of geared irt at
had jusbeen plowed for planting. Ken duPlony who
lived ne door to e property saw the potential for
somedig greater and purnwased the farm and began
plmnting... platig ... am plg p g.
Today it is still a marvel in comenmplae the tbouads
of planS tat he acquired for the garden. Specimens
were traded ith othe gardeers and collected frm
ie wild in Belhz, purchased from as far a feld as As-
tralix, donated fiaummserymen, botank g auen em-
ployees o fellow fmnatics. No fie o family member
re% evit un a jammey wih t a request ftr a crying
or seed to be briug~ t bck to Belize Everytling Went
=ino de garon and thE prdEn filled our qdidkly.
The very yer hat Km begam woe on his dream pro-
ject he was diagnosed wilk cangestit heat f-ihn aund
given 6 mamts mro e. Inredibly. 7 yarms lte up
until dae final wek of his hfe in Augut of2001, Ken
was active mvolved i the da day inning and
fture plmaning for the ga Every even he would
make his mmads of the garden, wah a special stp at
his bird hide on fe p~md where he would checl on te
goings on of the i ds it would visit and nest de
The dthill of watching dncks on apond was mainly a
simple final please for a mn known fr the wild
tles he told of his younger sel Bon in Sonth Africa
and raised in Ziuimbiabw, Ken always sougt amntume.
From a youig age e began exploring ad hiaing in
the Afiica busk His activities included ctchig
snakes for a rsearclhir o his way to clss and brewing
pmempple beer at boading shooL Momg from dhe
bh to the sea he became a skld spear fishemm a
sailor. Afl seeing him in a skn diving contest t age
17, a camercial dive company coviced him tjin
&ae He nleaed to dite nmd worked a wedding as-
me uzderwamer pipelines and the constmntion ofthe
Karib Damin Zimbabwe. As this as the early days
of diving the w was tense and dangerous, o afer
getting his fi1he took to sailing aid dining this tmna
crossed the sewn sea and iinrolved himself in many
escapades He was even ce arrested offthe coast of
Brazil as his bot was in sch bad shape goveme
officials decided that anyone saig ir had m be crazy
He last aihng adventure landed him m Nanlucket,
Mass cbsetf from where he made his way to the
snow covered slopes of Aspen Colorad. It was thee
that he met Judy Rwe, a lovely lady wh became Judy
duPlcy just 6 weeks later. Between moves to South
Afritca Gu al and the USA, the two nnaed t
raise a family of 5 girl In 19M Ken and Judy packed
up the children aged 4-16 far teir final. mrn to elia.
Here they started dnPlooy's Jngle Lodge in Cayo and
a NIe ud.she Ne
1a Tmifr DiAx T^Ctn
Jinlie qzI a^I~ bous
it was th1en dt Ke got inleressd m tropical plants. Imneest pgrew t
passion an- d me passion grew into Belien Botanic Gardens.
Though dere hma been a few new turs, 8 years after his deaB th
garen is still n te path cat by Ken. I s amazing m thir that when
the ideas were deWloping the trees ere oy small saplings. All the
onginal pans far programmes for education conervalian ad research
are sti ~a'id and bemig worked towards in ne frm or anomr.
Classes of school children from Co mzal n Puna Gords have isited
the garden and Kenwuld have been dlilled to know that his ision
Whenyon take a walk in e garden mat Ken waked irelessly to ce-
a it is af opportunity to reflect o the power of plants. On ow rei-
ance on the sermces duy pronde ad also an the wonder that their
beauty insts. The enjoymenr of teir beauty ad dirsity is a call to
coutemplaiee rem ratnsh6 with plants and our ensimnunt and
think a hit e harder on the decision we make that affect them.
Wlat is a botaic garda?
A botanic gardens mre an just a collection of planE Botai gar-
dens arebeantiul places to visit and spend the day, bu thee is a lot
moe that goes oI. The collection SW vemaes fr research, educrtio
and conservation Recordeeping is the most imp itant aspect of bo-
tac gardens and all plranht e n bered and recorded. lTis givs the
wid collected speLes great genetic value because of te infimatin
stoed aboat dem and where they ae fhLm. BElta g-des am vai-
able resources for a country.
Betaic gardens such as Belime Botanic Gardens are kedup with
other botanic garden oganiztio so hat their wek can be mmre
effective. Our botanic gardens is a member of the Botanic Gardens r
Conservation lleumtiona a s wel as de reagp al Caibbeam Bnic
Gaulens for Conservammnn
But botanic gdens arentjut 6rc scietists. The Betke Botanic Gar-
dens in the Ca district is an excellent destination for individuals,
couples family irdes, plant ensnsEt, godeneso nd fDlks from
all walks of life to enjoy tfe day.
BelizeAgReport.com 11 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
Spanish Lookout Belize City Orange Walk Belmopan
823-0107 224-6660 322-0150 822-0390
Depend on Caribbean Tire for all your... ..
ichelin, Firestone, Goodyear, Titan, Alliance, BKT)
*Diesel Engine Oils
Chevron, Texaco, Optimus)
*Hydraulic Fluids & Hoses
(Texaco, Optimus, Winoll, Eaton)
batteries for Heavy Machinery
B The Ag Calendar
B Belize B
SNATS April 30- May 3 Belmopan www.agriculture.gov.bz click on the NATS webpage. B
B Expo Fair Late July Managua ,Nicaragua B
B Fiesta Santa Domingo (Horses) Aug 1-1o Managua, Nicaragua
B Feria Yucatan,X'matkuil Mid Nov. Merida, Yucatan, Mexico B
STizimin Livestock Show Early Jan 2010 Tizimin, Yucatan, Mexico B
B If you have an event you would like added to our calendar, send it to; email@example.com B
BelizeAgReport.com 12 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
BelizeAgReport.com 13 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
rr~l -YI-Ilr 411-
Is Sheep Faming for You?
In recent years the price of sheep has skyrocketed.
Some farmers think this may be the answer to improved
profits in farming. Many whom attempt raising sheep
are disappointed in the results.
Sheep farming requires much higher levels of manage-
ment than does beef cattle. Those wishing to incorpo-
rate sheep into their operations need to carefully con-
sider the pitfalls. This article will attempt to give brief,
basic guidelines to those who may be considering rais-
Fencing and sheep security is critical. Regular cattle
fencing will not be sufficient, unless you do not have a
problem with the sheep moving where their will takes
them. Sheep can squeeze through spaces in regular
barbed wire fences where you might think it is not pos-
sible for them to go through. The most economical
choice is to use a four strand electric fence.
If you are inexperience in the use of electric fences, ask
for advice. If the system you use not powerful enough or
incorrectly installed, you will waste your money.
If electric fencing is not possible then the use of perma-
nent type fence with small spaces such as square fenc-
ing or chicken fencing can be an alternative choice al-
though it will be more costly.
Not only will your choice of fencing need to keep the
sheep contained, it will also keep predators out. Preda-
tors are a major problem. Correct fencing of pastures
will need to keep animals such as marauding dogs out.
If other predators such as humans (thieves) or the large
cats are a problem, then special consideration will have
to be made. This may involve bringing the sheep into a
more secure area at night to a holding facility such as a
shed or suitable corral. This will be expensive.oth types
of livestock in a grazing operation
If theft, or wild animals are a major problem, think
carefully, sheep are probably not suitable for you. Dogs
and similar pests can be controlled.
Sheep consume different foods to cattle and having
both types of livestock in a grazing operation is prefer-
able. Greater productivity can be obtained. Sheep con-
sume a higher ration of broadleaf plants than grasses in
their diet. Typically sheep consume 60% broadleaf
plants to 40% grasses. Whereas with cattle the ratio of
grass consumed is much higher. This is an important
consideration when using natural range land as your
feed source. Quality improved pastures in the country
do not traditionally offer much in the way of broad leaf
component and are mostly grass. Sheep will do well
grazing mostly grasses but for adequate levels of per-
formance, grass management will need to be good. On
the other hand sheep will not do well under conditions
where there is no grass.
Sheep need to be kept healthy so as to make a profit. A
common complaint from inexperienced (and sometimes
experienced) sheep farmers is "My sheep keep dying,
what's happening?" Usually the answer is that your
sheep are sick. Sheep can be very prone to illnesses and
disease. Higher levels of management are needed to
keep losses in check.
Sheep need to be medicated on a regular basis for para-
sites. Consulting an animal health specialist is very im-
portant in setting up a control program for both inter-
nal and external parasites. Failure to maintain your
flock's health will result in unacceptable losses. Sheep
are not as easy going as cattle. Other health problems
often seen in sheep in Belize include problems with the
mouth and feet( orf, foot rot etc.)Each of these can lead
to deaths if not taken care of.
Sheep do not need any special facilities for lambing.
They can lamb successfully in the pasture. However
attention must be paid to the care of the lamb and its
mother. Sheep tend to have more multiple births than
cattle and as a consequence they have increased nutri-
tional needs. Unless your pastures are of a very good
quality, many ewes need additional feed. This helps en-
sure a good milk supply for the young. Supplementary
feeding of the lambs after about three weeks of age will
reduce lamb mortality and result in a healthier, faster
Lambs are more susceptible to illnesses and disease
than adult sheep and no matter how well fed, losses can
and will occur. Lamb mortality is usually the difference
between profit and loss in sheep farming and is the rea-
son why many farmers quit.
There is a good reason why lamb meat commands such
a good price. It is delicious and demand far outstrips
supply. Sheep farming is not easy. Consider your man-
agement capabilities, your financial resources and your
location before taking the plunge.
14 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
A review of Grow Native Belize I I
A gardener's guide to using native plants,
a Belize Botanic Garden booklet
by Katie Ghantous
Today's gardener has a continually growing selection of orna-
mental plants available them in Belize. When choosing
plants, we are drawn to them for their beauty bright flow-
ers, showy leaves, unusual characteristics. This guide
prompts the gardener to look beyond the skin deep beauty of
our landscape plants, and to reflect on other aspects and im-
pacts of plant selections.
The emphasis of this booklet is that native plants should be
considered as a primary choice in gardens for a variety of rea-
sons. The guide discusses the benefits of native plants, such as
being well adapted to the growing conditions here in Belize.
The local plants have evolved over thousands of years to be
survivors in this specific climate meaning they typically have
better water use efficiency, and resistance to local pests than
introduced plants. Natives also have relationships with other
living things such as birds, butterflies, and other wildlife that
can enhance the beauty of your garden as well. The guide pro-
vides a list of native plants commonly cultivated with scientific
and common names, information on growing conditions, basic
plant information, and tips on composting and organic pest
In addition to information on some popular native plants, the
guide also discusses the danger of certain introduced plants to
become invasive. This means some non-native plants have the
potential to escape gardens and compete with native plants in
the wild. This can have devastating effects, even local extinc-
tion of native species. Included is a list of plants to avoid.
This guide is by no means a comprehensive list or resource for
all native plants. It is however, a good basic introduction to
gardening with native plants, and makes a solid argument for
their integration into gardens by raising awareness of the ef-
fects gardeners can have on the environment beyond their own
Buy at; the Belize Botanical Gardens store, West St. San Igna-
cio. Call them at 804 4500
B. aFL pelize National youth chess Foundiation
"6- "C&M < dM (owe
THE ADVENTURE OF CHESS ..
During the past two years the Belize National Youth Chess
Foundation has developed a nation wide primary youth chess
program, teaching chess as a "Motivational and Educational
Tool" to primary children throughout the Nation.
At this time, over 400 children are now playing members of
over 50 chess teams throughout the country and 120 volun-
teers have been trained as entry level chess coaches.
Although all children are encouraged to join chess clubs spon-
sored by BNYCF, the Foundations goal is working with disen-
franchised and at-risk youths from throughout the six districts
Chess is far more than just a game. If taught correctly, as an
educational and motivational tool, chess will benefit a child in
more ways than can possibly be imagined.
Developing the "Chess In Belize" national program teaches the
children: Discipline, Critical thinking, Logical thinking, Mem-
ory development, Ability to analyze actions and consequences,
Pattern recognition, Creativity, Problem solving, Planning
ahead, the ability to setting up short and long terms goals,
sportsmanship and Intellectual and emotional maturity and
development of Cognitive skills. All skills that will enhance a
child's future ability to be successful throughout their lives.
The Belize National Youth Chess Foundation is now close to
ending its full second year of promoting chess throughout Be-
lize and is holding its second annual "Belize Chess Olympiad,
2009" on Saturday, April 25th, starting at 8:00 am at the Bel-
mopan UB Gymnasium. We invite donations to support the
efforts of the BNYCF in the organizing of the "Chess Olympiad
2009" and to have all interested in supporting the BNYCF to
attend the Olympiad on the 25th.
For more information, please write to: BNYCF,
firstname.lastname@example.org To see the current events in-
formation and pictures from the previous events, please visit
our website at www.belizechess.org and we hope that you will
get involved and join us in this great adventure of chess.
15 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
Now and Then
1850 Ransomes Simms & Jefferies Steam Tractor
John Roberson & the 1850 Ransomes Tractor
The manufacturer of the tractor in this picture has
been in dispute since it was rediscovered some
years back. I contend that it was built by Ransomes,
Simms &Jefferies and not Fowler as is the more common
belief. Mick Bell has told Francis Woods, who is now in pos-
session of the machine, that it is a Fowler. I certainly re-
spect his well earned opinion. I remember around 1984 one
of the men telling Barry Bowen and myself about two old
tractors out in the bush. We decided to take a walk to see if
we could find them. We did locate them but not even close
to where the man had sent us! Seems as though we walked
for hours, but that is the way of bush directions. We
climbed all over them looking for clues of their origin. Barry
removed a brass plate from one of the machines that had
the name Ransomes, Simms &Jefferies on it. There were
two tractors and they may have been different manufactur-
ers but one of them had that plate. I do not know which of
them is now on display at Old Belize. It would seem to me
that Belize Estates would have purchased identical tractors
for all of the obvious reasons but do not know. These trac-
tors were designed in England for the single purpose of
ploughing. One machine on each side of a field and would
winch the plough between them. I am sure some innovative
logger immediately saw the advantage of such a machine,
fired by bush chopped on site, as a major improvement to
using steers for skidding logs.
I do know that both machines had winches and more than
likely were used to skid Mahogany out of the bush to a road
where they could be loaded and taken to Hillbank for raft-
ing onto Belize City. I measured the boiler tubes and using
Mick Bell's ten square feet of boiler tube to one horsepower,
estimated this tractor to have approx. 10 H.P. Does not
seem much now but I am sure that it was very impressive in
those days. I also venture to guess that the reason they were
abandoned in the bush as were many other machines is that
technology in newer faster machines quickly overtook them
rendering them useless in maybe one year! -
John Roberson Jr.
Alternative Electrical Power Sources
by Hugh Leyton
This is just an introduction to the various Sources of Electrical
Power, their advantages and disadvantages. It gives some
background information for Choice Considerations which are
normally very site specific.
There can be no clear Choice of best Power Sources, it depends
on many local conditions, power requirements, environmental
considerations and so on. As a very general guide, Power
requirements from a few Watts up to 200 400 Watts, Solar
Panels are worth serious consideration. For Power of say 300
Watts up to about 3000 Watts, or even more, Wind Turbines
are worth considering. For Power way up in the lokW to
lookW then Diesel Generation is probably the best choice.
Diesel Generators are expensive to buy and install, complex
installations, requiring special out buildings and careful envi-
ronmental considerations, relatively frequent, expensive main-
tenance procedures, noisy, smelly and requiring regular fuel
deliveries. But they produce large amounts of electricity at a
the most economical price, this is why they are the best choice
for large power requirements, or perhaps as back-up when
other sources can not meet the short term requirements. The
other advantage of Diesel Generators is they are complete in
their own right, providing continuous power at a constant
steady voltage and frequency.
Solar Power, on the other hand is silent, clean and free, after
the initial purchase and installation, only requiring cleaning
from time to time. But the cost of panels for over several hun-
dred Watts becomes very expensive and the space require-
ments gets large. The other consideration is that solar panels
can not provide power when there is little or no sun light, so
Batteries are also required adding to the complexity and for
normal Mains power AC Voltages, Inverters are also required.
Wind Turbines provide much more power for the same physi-
cal size and initial purchase cost. They do require similar
Battery storage, Regulators and Inverters to provide Mains
power AC Voltages. Their operation is dependant on regular
wind and are hampered by trees and other obstructions, the
use of Wind turbines is very much more dependant on local
conditions. One condition worth considering is that wind is
often more likely when the sun is covered by cloud.
Hydro-Generation is another alternative worth considering.
If good steady water is available, it can produce good economi-
cal electricity, generally without much, if any, Battery storage
requirements. But these are less common and good water is
often not available.
The choice is not easy and depends on many factors, very much
dependant on local conditions. It is perhaps best not to put
all eggs into one basket. Perhaps using some Solar power,
some Wind power, backed up to cover shortfalls and or extra
heavy loads by using a Diesel Generator. Building a system in
a Modular form so that it can be expanded as required in ways
which are proven to be most economical in the light of actual
site conditions. This maintains flexibility and protects the
overall system from individual failures. The other advantage
of a Modular system is that it can start small and grow as site
16 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
So, you assume that all the white bos indicus (humped)
cattle that you see scattered around Belize are Brah-
man, right? Well, not quite, as there are several pure-
bred Nelore herds in country, as well as many Nelore
bulls servicing commercial herds too.
The Nelore breed originated in a region in India of the
same name. The breed it is most closely related to is the
Ongole of India. Brazil has become the world leader in
this breed. The first Ongole arrived in 1868. The
Nelore Herd Book was established in Uberaba, Brazil in
1938. Brazil unquestionably dominates worldwide. In
April of every year, the cattle show in Uberaba draws
cattle aficionados from all over the planet.
So what characteristics distinguish this breed? Smaller
ears, relatively smaller bones ( note the smaller legs),
less dewlap flap, cleaner underline (less reproductive
problems in pastured animals), hardy, long breeding
life (normal for cows to be calving regularly past 16
years of age: yes they start breeding young, too), meta-
bolic efficiency, small calves at birth ( 55 to 60 pound
calves, which can shock an unsuspecting rancher -
petite, but rapid gainers. One of larger breeders here
states he has not pulled a single Nelore calf in 17 years
with the breed), and meat which is leaner and of excep-
tional high quality and palatability are just some of the
virtues of Nelore.
Continued from page 4
Diagnosis of grass sickness in the live animal requires a
thorough clinical examination including a rectal examina-
tion. Definitive diagnosis can only be made at surgery
(where biopsies of the gut are taken) or at post-mortem
(where biopsies from the nerves are taken). Differential
diagnoses for grass sickness are varied and include: any
other cause of colic and weight loss, tying-up, laminitis,
botulism, choke and dental problems.
There is no treatment for grass sickness. All cases of AGS
and SAGS should be euthanized upon diagnosis as the con-
dition is fatal. A proportion of CGS cases can survive follow-
ing periods of intensive nursing. Overall the mortality rate
of equine grass sickness is considered to be over 95%.
The cause remains unknown, however present research
suggests that toxin production from the bacterium Clostrid-
ium botulinum type C is involved.l1
Clostridium botulinum is a soil-borne bacterium, which
may be better known for producing clinical signs of botu-
lism. Research has suggested that Clostridium botulinum
Continued on page 20
Although you can go to Brazil to see this breed at its
finest, for a look closer to home, try visiting some of the
large sophisticated ranches in Yucatan State in the
Tizimin area, or around Merida. Mid November of each
year, the Feria X'macuil outside Merida has about 600
head of beef cattle, most of which are Nelore, horned
and polled (shown separately). Up there, the slaughter
houses greatly prefer Nelore, paying approx 5cents/lb
more for that breed. (Higher dressing %)
At the NATS, there will be several Nelore. Herds exist
in Cayo and in the Blue Creek Mennonite community
up north. One of the larger commercial cattle ranches
in Cayo, now has a growing crossbreeding program,
utilizing Nelore and Black Angus, with satisfying re-
sults. Visit them at their stalls at the 2009 NATS.
Learn why 100 million of Brazil's 160 million cattle are
Nelore, and why this breed is finally catching on in Be-
B. Roberson, Editor of Belize Ag. Note: Roberson is
wife of Nelore breeder, John C. Roberson, of Cedar
Bluff Ranch. She soundly acknowledges her favorable
bias toward this breed.
We Bii & Sell attll for Breeding and Slaulglilr
Friesen Livestock Traders
Joe ioesen jir.
S7 Iguana Creek Area
Caye District I Belize
Phone: 82 0362. Cell: 670 6128
I.i erstIok Tra II prla ti i, onlil r %\% iii,
17 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
I 4 -7 -. ,
RUNNING W BRAND
* Fres cts and processed uleat
* BeaE A Por4
* 7he Running W store at Miee 63
Western g1k4 way offers factory
outlet prices on add products
BelizeAgReport.com 18 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
Continued from page 1
FIVE NECESSARY CONCEPTS THAT REQUIRE
CREATIVITY and the REMOVAL of NEGATIVE CON-
Marketing and Exports-
Because of our small population it is easy to over produce and
without exports the price will decrease to below production
costs and an agriculture recession will result. The GOB needs
to help us obtain markets in Mexico, Guatemala and the rest
of Central America, the Caribbean and the USA. Often times
they want to buy our products and a price is agreed upon, but
we are limited because of permits, unnecessary health and
environmental issues. Several years ago we were crossing
corn, beans, sugar and cattle at Calla Creek to the Guatema-
lans (all illegal) Different exporters and importers tried to get
permits in Guatemala City and were not successful. The GOB
can help us meet and secure private to private buyer/seller
connections. It is mandatory that we use the best production
methods, grading standards and acceptable packaging to help
establish long term business relationships.
Extension and Training -
To develop a more professional approach to mechanical and
modern farming methods. We need the Belize School of Agri-
culture, 4H and Central Farm to train workers for field pro-
duction and not only be office workers. They need to under-
stand tractor and machine skills, fertilizers, pesticides, herbi-
cides, and real agronomy (what, where, when and how.) Mod-
ern agriculture requires computer skills and the ability to do
math in order to be a good farmer.
We need to invite major seed companies to do seed produc-
tion trials in order to determine yield, quality, lodging (corn
falling down), resistance to disease and other factors. We
need to combine private farmers, Ministry of Agriculture,
Cardi, and the other like organizations to assist in these trials
- We need seed plasma that is particular for Belize.
Most of the major producing countries are using GMO prod-
ucts seed (at this point it is illegal in Belize) There must be
some very significant production advantages to GMO meth-
ods or the major producing countries of the world would not
be moving in that direction. We need to investigate and con-
sider GMO as a genetic tool to reduce cost and increase pro-
GOB as an Expeditor -
The agricultural business community needs help when they
import machinery, seeds, fertilizer, chemicals at border and
custom housing. Occasionally we need to hire workers from
outside of Belize and work permits are expensive, quite hard
to get (it usually takes a lot of correspondence and several
trips to immigration in a n attempt to hire legal workers).
GOB needs to consider ways to reduce taxes on farming and
processing fuels (butane costs that same whether you are dry-
ing corn or cooking eggs- it costs from $2.00 to $2.50 a bag
or approx lo% of the value of the corn to lower the moisture
from 26% to 13% so it will store).
This tax consideration could apply to tractors, dryers, and
stationary engines but not necessarily cars and trucks. We
need government's assistance to help us increase production.
Government might consider an agriculture hotline to assist
farmers in the more desperate situations.
Financing and Interest-
Our competitors in other countries are borrowing money at
5% to 8% and we are at 11% to 16%. This is almost an impos-
sible rate for agriculture financing-growth will be difficult or
nil. We need to establish an Agricultural Bank for farmers
only with beginning assets of 25 to 50 million. The board of
directors need to consist of private farmers, experienced
bankers and government representation. Rules must state
that all loans must be paid back. (no grants or soft loans to
end users). Loans will be broken up as short term(6 months
to 2 years) medium term(2 years to 6 years) and long term(7
years to 15 years). Interest and principle payments will have
to be kept up to date. These loans must be unable be manipu-
lated by politicians, cronyism, or corrupt accountants that
may cause the bank to fail.
This bank must stay on a sound financial track. It should be
required that all borrowers have 5% of their loan amount
invested as stock in this bank (based on the high end of the
borrower's loan) The borrower can sell his stock only when
he quits doing business at the bank. Annual reports and
board of directors elections need to be held every year. This
concept comes from the US PCA's (Production Credit Asso-
ciation), who received their money from The Federal Inter-
mediate Credit Bank.
If we are able to achieve the above goals we can expect an
increase in agriculture production from 5 to to fold over the
next 10 years. This will positively affect all facets including
increased revenue from taxes, increased exports and provide
foreign exchange earnings as well as increased employment.
The growth will come in rice, corn, beans, cattle, tilapia, tree
crops and other commodities too numerous to mention. The
necessary vision has already begun with production from pa-
paya, corn, tilapia, black-eyed peas, and on and on. In other
words-the train is already in motion and going down the
track; it is up to us to determine the speed and how much the
train will carry.
John Carr, Banana Bank Lodge
19 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
CEDAR BLUFF f\
Pure Bred Nelore Bulls and Sweet Ting
Heifers for sale Cheesecakes
Over 30 Gourmet Flavors Available!
I to Cakes & Party Trays
Contact 663 6777 'A
People in Agriculture
First Place picture
1st, 2nd, 3rd Place pic-
The deadline for digital
submissions is 12th of each
Continued from page 17
may cause grass sickness when the spores of C. botulinum
type C are ingested and produce their toxin locally within the
The main risk factor for grass sickness, as the name may
suggest, is grass. The disease is almost always seen in graz-
ing animals, although there are isolated reports of the condi-
tion occurring in stabled horses. Grass sickness is most fre-
quently seen in young horses aged between two and seven,
and is particularly prevalent during April, May and June,
and later in the autumn, after a spurt of grass growth.
Research has identified a number of other risk factors which
may increase the likelihood of a horse developing grass sick-
ness including: soil disturbance, worming with Ivermectin
based de-wormers, movement to new pasture, stress, grazing
on a field which has previously produced a case of grass sick-
Photo Competition Prizes
1st Prize Specialty cake of
choice, up to $50
2nd Prize-Cheese cake of
3rd Prize-Pastries of
choice up to $15
Prizes donated by
Sweet Ting, The best desserts in
All photos become the property of Sweet Ting &
Current research in equine grass sickness includes develop-
ment of a nationwide surveillance scheme for grass sickness
in Great Britain. This scheme hopes to identify all cases of
grass sickness which occur from 2000 onwards. This scheme
is run by the Animal Health Trust, in collaboration with the
Equine Grass Sickness Fund, the University of Edinburgh
and the University of Liverpool, following funding from The
Horse Trust. More information on this scheme can be found
at the dedicated website [www.equinegrasssickness.co.uk]
The Equine Grass Sickness Fund
[www.grasssickness.org.uk] are a dedicated charity raising
funds to tackle the disease. Their website contains useful
information regarding all aspects of grass sickness including
management of chronic grass sickness cases.
BelizeAgReport.com 20 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
AGRO-VET JIRON page 23
Allen's Hardware page 6
Caribbean Tires page 12
Esperanza Fertilizer page 5
James Brodie & Co. Ltd page 24
Prossers Fertilizer page 13
Running W page 18
Tobar's Home Construction page 7
Cedar Bluff page 20
Belize Botanic Gardens page 11
Spectarte page 8
Banana Bank Ranch page 23
Cheers page 6
Ko-ox Han-nah (Let's go eat) page 10
Mystic River Resort page 10
Perkup Restaurant, Coffee & Wine Bar 822-0001
Sweet Ting page 20
REAL ESTATE BROKERS
Bayshore Ltd page 9
Ceiba Realty page 6
Diamond Realty page 6
Holdfast Ltd. Page 22
Across page 6
CP Gas page 7
Elisa Travel page 9
Friesen Livestock Traders page 17
Peters Brake Services page 8
Belize Bird Rescue page 22
Belize National Youth Chess Foundation page 15
Belize Natural Energy page 18
Articles and stories
If you have an article on any subject in
Agriculture or have a story to tell,
It to us at;
To arrive no later than the 12th of the
If you enjoyed this Newsletter,
If you think of a suggestion for future
issues, tell us!
Find us online
BelizeAgReport.com 21 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
CAYO-36 Acres, 5000' Mopan River frontage, Huge trees,
$299,000 usd, HOLDFAST Ltd. 662-5263/664-7272
Magnet Hill-Amazing 16 Acres, 1/2 hr from Belmopan
on Hummingbird Highway. Creek, fruit trees, river, backs on
to Sibun Forest Reserve. On Electric grid. Have to see to
believe, Hill where your car rolls "up" HOLDFAST Ltd 662-
188 Acres, 1500' Mopan River, 3/4 cleared, fenced. $1,ooo
usd per acres. HOLDFAST Ltd 662-5263/664-7272
500+ Acre Farm, Cayo, Citrus, home, miles River, all or
part. All $2.3m usd. HOLDFAST Ltd 662-5263/664-7272
Rural feel to this 'City' rental. 3bdrms/2 bath home on 4
lots overlooking all of San Ignacio/River valley. On W.Hwy.
Asking $1200Bz per month. Call Sandra- 662-5700
Upper Macal River, 20+ Acres, High Ridge, 1100' river
front $199,ooo O.N.O HOLDFAST Ltd 662-5263/664-7272
WANTED: Does anyone have QUAILS? Would like to raise.
Please call 523 8002 daytime
WANTED: Guinea Hens..... Please call 523 8002 daytime
FOR SALE: WELL ESTABLISHED Restaurant business
plus 2 cabanas for sale in Placencia Village.
Call Bayshore LTD. 523 8019 www.bavshorebelize.com
FOR RENT: CONCRETE HOME ON PLACENCIA
LAGOON AVAILABLE FOR 6 MONTHS
Call Bayshore Ltd. 523 8019
Distributors wanted- If you would like to became a
distributor for The Belize Ag Report, please contact us at;
email@example.com, or call 663 6777
* If you wish to advertise in our classified section,
email us at; firstname.lastname@example.org
each classified ad costs $20 for a 2 line entry.
If you see an injured wild bird, or an
abused or poorly cared-for captive bird
report it to the Government of Belize
Forestry Department, 822 1523/4
contact Belize Bird Rescue if you
would like advice on
caring for your pet or wish to
enter your bird into our
Bird Sanctuary and Rehabilitation Centre
Cayo District, Belize
Phone: (+501) 822 1145
Cell: 610 0400 / 602 4291
Injured bird? Unwanted or problem parrot?
Consider donating him to Belize Bird Rescue's Rehabilitation
Our aim is to rehabilitate and return the bird to the wild. See
www.belizebirdrescue.com or call 602 4291 for details
Macal River, Common Area
Security, Underground Utilities
1 mile from San Ignacio
662570 / 63-77
22 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
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BelizeAgReport.com 23 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize
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BelizeAgReport.com 24 Harvesting the Ag news from all over Belize