Title: Toledo Howler
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094063/00012
 Material Information
Title: Toledo Howler
Physical Description: Newspaper
Language: English
Creator: Marta Hirons; Rob Hirons
Publisher: Toledo Chapter of the Belize Tourism Industry Association
Place of Publication: Punta Gorda,Toledo District, Belize
Publication Date: April 2010
Edition: Rev.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00094063
Volume ID: VID00012
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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The Toledo Howler


Newspaper of the Toledo Chapter of the Belize Tourism Industry Association


APRIL 2010


YEAR 3, ISSUE 4


FREE


The Three Kings Are Coming


INSIDE THIS ISSUI


Toledo Cacao
Fest: The Three
Kings
Archaeology:
Wild Cane Cay
Calendar of
Events

Wat's Cookin?

Restaurant
Guide

Natural History:
The Whale
Shark
Map of PG

Bladen Nature
Reserve

Tour Operator:
Blue Belize

BTIA Members
List

Accommoda-
tion: Machaca
Hill Lodge

Transport
Schedules

Arzu on Medici-
nal Plants
Southern Voices
Interview:
Robert Pennell

Craft Focus:
lxchel Womens
Group

Birding Hot-
spots with Lee
Jones

Map of Toledo

Classified Ads


They won't be waiting until
Christmas but they will be bear-
E ing the gift of their combined
musical talents. These are the
three kings of Belizean music.
1 Wilfred Peters from Belize city
and Paul Nabor and Florencio
Mes from Toledo itself.
2 They will be headlining the festi-
val's closing concert perform-
ance along with Carlos Perotte.
3 The Three Kings is the title of a
newly released award winning
3 DVD which features their culture,
lives and music.
S The fourth Toledo Cacao Festival
promises to be better than ever!
It will be held over the Common-
4 wealth Day Holiday weekend and
is a celebration not only of cacao
















10
but also the rich mix of cultures
11 of the Toledo District.
The Festival opens with its signa-
12 ture Wine & Chocolate evening
on Friday 21st May, held on the
rooftop terrace of the University
of Belize. Guests will enjoy fine
14 wine and food, live music from
Pablo Collado, and a specially-
commissioned performance by
15 the National Dance Company of
Belize, choreographed by Greg-
ory Vernon Director of the Insti-
tute of Creative Arts.
16 Saturday sees the return of the
Taste of Toledo fair, this year in
16 its new seafront location at
Petillo Park and the grounds of


the Father Ring Parish Hall. The
Fair showcases local and na-
tional artisans work, local food
and cookery demonstrations by
local chefs, as well as music and
dance performances and master
classes, and a special screening
of the newly released award-
winning "Three Kings of Belize"
DVD.
New Cacao for Kids activities will
include a sock-puppet class, and
also creating the longest rainfor-
est mural in Belize, with a chalk
pavement art scene along Front
Street. We can't hope to com-
pete with the current world re-
cord 75,000 square feet crea-
tion, but will be setting a record
for Belize!
The Sea Toledo kayaking, snor-
kelling and boat trips will depart
from the Fisherman's Co-op
wharf, giving everybody the
chance to appreciate the beauti-
ful coastal waters of Toledo. The
inland Cacao Trail tours take you
through the or-
ganic cacao or- Call
chards in Toledo,
to learn how the Be part
pods are grown,
harvested and If you woul
processed before Toledo fair
being turned into a
chocolate the
food of the Gods! information.


On Sunday the focus moves
inland to the ancient Maya site
of Lubaantun the place of the
fallen stones and you can
learn more about the current
excavations being led by Dr
Geoff Braswell as part of the
National Geographic sponsored
Toledo Regional Interaction Pro-
ject.
As in previous years, a Maya
dance will be performed in the
plaza, with a special introduction
by Dr Jaime Awe, Director of the
Institute of Archaeology. This
year sees the villagers of San
Jose perform the Monkey Dance
a tradition that goes far back
in time, and performed to influ-
ence the corn harvest. Six danc-
ers dress as 'batz' and six as
max' howler monkeys and
spider monkeys respectively -
with the thirteenth dancer repre-
senting the devil and the father
of the monkeys.
Visit www.ToledoChocolate.com for

ling all craft makers!

of the Toledo Cacao Festival
d like to be part of the Taste of
then contact Sulma Hernandez
Information Centre for exhibitor
(Toledo based craft makers only)


______________________________________________________________________________ U ______________________________________________________


BTIA's distinctive octagonal Informa-
tion Center on Front street in Punta
Gorda All you need to know about
Toledo is inside

Join BTIA and displayyour promotional
materials in the information center

Join BTIA and make a difference


Contact Toledo BTIA at the Tourism Information Center,
Front St., Punta Gorda Tel. 722-2531
E-mail btiatoledo@btl.net
Secretary: Karel Kuran, Treasurer: Dona Scafe

Contact The Howler Editorial Team
Tel. 722-2531 E-mail btiatoledo@btl.net. Features Editor: Marta
Hirons 671-7172 or marta@thelodgeaatbigfalls.com.
Advertising and Production Manager: Rob Hirons 671-7172 or
IO nL,,' oI. 1i DL Li f 11.. ,:' 11


Deer dance performers at Lubaantun 2009







Archaeology:


Wild Cane Cay: Ancient Maya Trading Port

From 1982 to 1992 I excavated at sidian blades were used for ritual bage), excavation of the coral archi-
Wild Cane Cay, a major port for an- bloodletting. There are images of tecture distinctive to southern
cient Maya sea trade. The island was leaders letting blood to conjure a coastal Belize, and excavations off-
first settled in the Early Classic pe- spirit to gain access to supernatural shore in the shallow waters and man-
riod (A.D. 300-600). Animal and fish powers and divine knowledge. Conch groves that surround the island. We
bones from our excavations indicate and other shells, coral, manatee excavated 172 shovel tests offshore
they were proficient mariners. They bone, and fish also were traded at regular intervals to evaluate the
fished in the nearby coastal waters inland. size of the ancient sites. We found
for barracuda, deeply buried parts
manatee, turtle, of the site to a me-
and snappers, ter below the sea-
hunted up rivers floor (where we
and on the reached the limit of
mainland for deer, excavating in waist
agouti, and jute deep water!). Two
snails, and tray- startling conclu-
eled farther off- sions came of this
shore for parrot- hard labor in 1990
fishes and other and 1991: The an-
salt water fish. cient site was 10
The ancient bones acres and has been
were identified by submerged and
comparing them eroded to its mod-
with bones from ern 3 1/2 acre size.
modern fish and Sea-level has risen
animals. We found at least a meter
stone and clay since the ancient
weights used for settlers lived on the
fishing lines and Aerial view of Wild Cane Cay showing natural harbor and coconuttrees thatonce covered the modern island and cay. In fact, our on-
for nets. Although Wild Cane Caywitnessed its hey day going fieldwork in
no boats have yet been reported, we I Paynes Creek National Park indicates
as a port during the Postclassic (A.D. i
know the ancient Maya traveled by 900-1500) after the nearby inland sea level rose closer to 2 meters
canoes. However, we found the ca cites and the Paynes Creek salt since the Early Classic period.
noe paddle from K'ak' Naab' in y
ay a aorks were abandoned. As mer-Excavations in the mounds from
nearby Paynes Creek National Park.si
Inearby Paynes Creek l national Park. chants, the Wild Cane Cay Maya 1982 to 1992 revealed a distinctive
in he Cassic erid the Wild Cane found new trading partners, acting as building tradition not reported in the
Cay Maya notched the sides of:
piees af potter. In the Pstassio a port for sea trade around the Yuca- Maya area outside the south coast of
pieces of pottery. In the Postclassic,
Sstan and beyond. Payment for ser- Belize: Coral rock was mined from
they formed clay into sinkers. Most of::
the diet was probably from vices may have been in trade goods, the sea for use as a platform for pole
:The obsidian that litters the surface and thatch buildings. In one mound,
foods. We excavated corn cobs, na-
foods. We excavated corn co)bs, naof the island comes from volcanic Fighting Conch, we excavated the
tive palm fruits coyoll and cohune), remains of six buildings, each built
remains of six buildings, each built
mamey apple, and crabbo/nance.
They used calabash containers and on the foundations of its predeces-
They used calabash containers and::
sor. The coral platform was leveled
grew avocado trees, likely eating its with finger coral and then a hard
fruit. The modern trees on Wild Canewith finger coral and then a hard
Cay are not indigenous, but werepacked dirt floor was made for the
Cay are not indigenous, but were::
:building. The Wild Cane Cay Maya
planted by 19th century historic set-il ne
used locally available stone, just as
tiers of the cay: Breadfruit, tamarind,
Sthe inland Maya used locally avail-
coconut palms, and citrus are not the inland Maya used locally avail-
native to the Americas. able limestone and sandstone.
native to the Americas.
Wild Cane Cay became a major port IVisiting Wild Cane Cay The island is
privately owned, but managed by
in the Late Classic (A.D. 600-900), privately owned, but managed by
supporting the rising inland cities ofTIDE Visitors should check in with.
Lubaantun and Nim Li Punit with *. the TIDE rangers at the Port Hondu-
ras Ranger Station on nearby Aba-
goods from the coast and imported A Tohil Plumbate vessel in a private collection in the lone Cay. The government of Belize
from farther away along the sea US, collected before the 1971 Antiquitles legisla- Institute of Archaeology prohibits the
trade route around the Yucatan. Wild tion in Belize
Cane Cay may have managed the excavation or collection of artifacts
Cane Cay may have managed the::
inland transport of salt from the outcrops in the highlands of Guate-without a permit from their agency,
nearby Payne's Creek salt works, mala, Honduras, and Mexico. Obsid- so take photos, not artifacts!
which I have been investigating since ian is more common at Wild Cane Contributed by Heather McKillop,
2003. In addition to salt, various ma- Cay than at most other Maya sites, Louisiana State University
rine resources were traded inland for which I attribute to its role as a port. (hmckill@lsu.edu)
rituals and food, shown in artwork
My archaeological research at Wild
and found in burials of nobles at
Cane Cay included excavation of
inland cities: Stingray spines and ob-
household middens (ancient gar-








Calendar of Events
Date Event Venue / Time Other Info

Friday 21 Wine & Chocolate evening, with live music by Pablo University of Belize, Rooftop Ter-
May Collado, and a special performance by the Belize Na- race, Punta Gorda
tional Dance Company
Saturday 22 Taste of Toledo Cookery and Craft Fair Petillo Park and Father Ring Par-
May ish Hall and grounds
Saturday 22 Cacao for Kids Activities Petillo Park and Father Ring Par-
May ish Hall and grounds
Saturday 22 Sea Toledo Marine Trips Departure Fishermen's Co-op
May Wharf
Saturday 22 Cacao Trail Tours Departure from Petillo
May Park
Sunday 23 Monkey Dance performed by the villagers of San Lubaantun, San Pedro Columbia
May Jose Village
Sunday 23 Concert by Wilfred Peters, Paul Nabor, Florencio Lubaantun, San Pedro Columbia
May Mes and Carlos Perrotte Village

Details of times and prices will be published on the Festival website at www.toledochocolate.com




What's Cookin? 2. Pour enough oil into the glass jar so 2 t b Dr i e d f I a k e s
that it completely covers the lemon- 4 c up Boi I i ng water
grass. Do not cover the jar. enough sugar to taste
Lemongrass 3. Heat up some water in a large pot Method
until it begins to steam. *Turn it down Add lemongrass to boiling water, boil
to a gentle simmer. Place the uncov- for one minute and allow to steep until
ered jar (with lemongrass and oil) in cool and strain. Sweeten to taste, and
the simmering pot and allow standing serve in tall glasses over crushed ice.
for at least an hour, the longer the Makes four servings.


or double boiler for immersing the jar species are members of the same
in the bottom pan to make sure it has
.....not all. eva prorated. taken for Lemongrass and for good
reason; they are first cousins. The two
*NOTE: you can also use a crock-pot plants look almost identical and both

Lemongrass Oil (Infusion) Alternatively, you can expose the glass grass family. So how can one tell them
Ingredients Lemongrass, a glass jar jar to full sun for a few weeks until oil apart? The smell emitted after crush-
with lid, extra virgin olive or almond oil, s yellow and completely infused with ing the leaves is very different. Lemon-
and a pot of boiling water. lemongrass, grass has thinner blades and the stem
Method 4. Cool the oil down and strain the is green. Citronella has wider leaves
herbs through a mesh strainer. Use and the stems are red. The thing to
1. Crush up a bunch of lemongrass the oil as a topical ointment or as remember is that Lemongrass is good
and stuff into glass jar. Do not wash soothing massage oil. to eat, and Citronella is NOT.
the lemongrass before you put it in the
jar. Do not let any water get into the Iced Lemongrass Tea Contributed by Ana Arzu See her arti-
cle on the medicinal uses of lemon-
jar. If your lemongrass is wet, allow to Ingredients 1/4 cup Chopped fresh
drybeforeusing. grasswh e grass on page 11
dry before using. lemongrass-whole leaf or


The Lod e at Big

Falls

A tropicalparadise awaits you
just 18 miles fom PC!
Phone: 671-7172
Email: info@thetodgeatb6ifalls.comr


Tour Southern Belize with

The Lodge at Big Falls
Air-conditioned 15 seat van Experienced
Mayan guide with onboard PA system *
belts on every seat tinted windows *
out of district transfers

Safety, Comfort and Adventure!


Phone
671-7172
For
Information
Reseatons
Reservations








Restaurant Guide

Name Address Cuisine Phone Opening Hours
Coleman's Cafe Big Falls Village, near the Belizean 720-2017 Daily: 11:30- 4pm & 6- 9pm [ Res-
rice mill ervations Preferred ]
Earth Runnins' Caf6 and Main Middle Street, PG Belizean/ 702-2007 Wed-Sun: 7am-2pm & 5-11pm
Bukut Bar International 600-9026
Gomier's Restaurant and Alejandro Vernon St, near Vegetarian / Seafood 722-2929 Mon-Sat: 8am-2pm & 6-9pm.
Soy Centre PG welcome sign Closed Sundays
Grace's Restaurant Main St. PG Belizean/ Interna- 702-2414 Daily: 6am-10pm, including holidays
tional
HangCheong Main St, PG Chinese 722-2064 Daily: 10am-2pm & 5pm-midnight
Restaurant
The Lodge at Big Falls Big Falls Village, near the International/ 671-7172 Daily: 11:30am 2pm & 6:30 -
rice mill Middle Eastern 9pm [ Reservations Required ]
Machaca Hill Lodge Wilson's Road International/ Carib- 722-0050 Lunch: noon-2:30pm. Dinner: 7:30-
bean Fusion 10pm. [Reservations preferred]
Mangrove Restaurant Cattle Landing, by the curve Belizean/ Interna- 722-2270 Daily: 5pm-10pm. [Reservations
tional preferred]
Marenco's Restaurant& Ice 57 Main St, PG Belizean/Seafood/ 702-2572 Mon-Sat: 9am-2pm & 5-10pm. Sun-
Cream Parlor Ice Cream/ Snacks & days: 5-10pm
pastries
Marian's Bay View Restau- Front St, south of the mar- East Indian/ Belizean 722-0129 Mon-Sat: 11am 2pm & 6 10pm
rant ket by the sea Sun & Hols: noon 2pm & 7 9pm
Martina's Kitchen BTL parking lot, PG Belizean 623-3330 Mon-Sat: 7am-3pm. Closed on Sun-
days
Mom's Restaurant Queen St, PG, by the park Belizean 620-1607 Mon-Sat: 6 am-2 pm &
661-1359 4-9 pm Closed Sundays
Rainforest Cafe Big Falls Village, just south Belizean 669-0080 Daily: lOam-lOpm
of the bridge
Reef Bar & Restaurant Front St, upstairs by the International/ 625-8652 Daily: 10am-2pm & 4pm-midnight.
market Belizean Closed on Tuesdays
Sho's Local Restaurant& Entrance to Blue Creek Belizean/ Catering 668-6540 Mon-Sat: 7am-8pm. Closed Sun-
GroceryShop Village days. Group reservations required
The Snack Shack BTL parking lot, PG Breakfast & lunch/ 702-0020 Mon-Sat: 7am 4pm. Closed Sun-
Snacks, shakes, days
juices & pasties
Waluco's Opposite TIDE pier in Hope- Belizean/East In- 670-3672 Mon-Thurs: 7am-2pm & 5-10pm.
ville dian/Seafood/ Weekends: 7am-late
Catering



Natural History: The Whale Shark


The whale shark, Rhincodon typus,
is a transient resident of the Meso-
american Barrier Reef and passes
through Belizean waters every ye
ar between April and June to feed
on eggs from aggregations
of spawning snappers.
Whale sharks are easily
identified by the pale yel-
low stripes and spots that
cover the animals' skin.
These patterns are unique
to each individual and can
be used to identify and
count the number of indi-
viduals within a popula-
tion or area. However,
population data remains
scarce and as a result
whale sharks have been
listed as vulnerable to ex-
tinction on the IUCN red
list of threatened species. Since
2003, whale sharks have been a
protected species in Belize and no
individual may be caught or killed
in the waters of Belize (GOB SI 56).
Whale sharks are slow moving fil-
ter feeders, straining suspended
matter and food particles from the


water using their gill plates. They
take water in through their mouth
and then force the water out over
their gills, trapping food particles
on the gill plates. Whale sharks are


the largest living fish species, with
the biggest confirmed individual
measuring 20m (66ft) in length. It
is estimated to take whale sharks
20 to 25 years to reach sexual ma-
turity and they can live between 70
to 100 years. Females retain eggs
within their body and give birth to
live young, with newborn pups


ranging from 40 to 60cm (16 to
24") in length. Despite their size,
whale sharks can be surprisingly
gentle and curious and divers and
snorkelers can swim with these
large fish, although caution
should be taken around the
large tail fin.
Whale shark interaction
tours have become increas-
ingly popular in Belize over
the last decade, running
from late March though June
at Gladden Spit, and less
predictably at the Sapodilla
Cayes, on the Barrier Reef.
However, in order to protect
the whale shark populations
and minimise stress, strict
regulations have been devel-
oped in recent years to gov-
ern the number of tourists
and boats that can visit an area at
one time and the activities that
can take place. All Tour Guides
must be 'whale shark certified' and
operate from properly licensed
boats,


Continued on page 15











































o M .co..L Olfd Roin 1res Cny Ltody, In the heaut of fth lush

coastal rainforest of southern Belize, is the centerpiece of our 12,000-acre

private reserve. Enjoy total luxury in a setting of jungle and riverine. environments;

observe 'exotic wildlife and contemplate

the reliquarles of ancient Mesoamerican

civilizations. We are dedicated to providing

every-maginable courtesy and cofot, from

fine cuisine and spa indu)gences to the simpte

pleasu s of sharing our natural sources.

And the ultimate luxury: splendid isolation.



12 PNAVAT TE-TOP TERRAc SUItES MAW LooS WrTH VERAWAS, LWRAaY, DOweo Room, Lo E, GrFTSHP EXoutwrE CwVSEw
Tn MH PsaoN ,oAUS Guoar ExPSw..s Poot ,SPA Crawnonw Fine Pir, Pr nrvr RAlpoMesr Li"r




%l


P.O Box 135. Punta Gardp,
Toledo District, Belfza, C.A
macharahil/.cotm


RAINFIRCST CANOPY LOOEc
Gfumal Ovmw bnmwnw4IL FOuCwOUR M#PwfiwCts


s(50-722-0650 or 672-050
Fax (S1-722-0QQ1
kftibieh cahr&.om








Punta Gorda


Services
A Texaco filling station
B James Bus Line
C Police Station 722-2022
D BTL office Public phones
E Post Office
F Customs & Immigration
G Belize Bank
H Tropic Air
I Maya Island Air
3 Hospital 722-2026 or 722-2161
K Toledo Travel Centre


N
W--E



S


A- ..


BTIA Members in Punta Gorda
1. Beya Suites
2. Garbutts Marine Investment
3. The Sea Front Inn
4. Toledo Ecotourism Association
5. Requenas Charter Service
6. Maya Bags, Belize Crafts Ltd.
7. Blue Belize Guest House & Tours
8. Coral House Inn
9. Hickatee Cottages im south of PG
on Ex-ervcemen't Road
10. Scotia Bank
11. TIDE Tours


>*


Ten Things you should know about Bladen Nature Reserve

1. Bladen was designated a Nature Reserve through a rangers employed by Ya'axche handle the day-to-day man-
careful planning process that took into consideration its agement of the area by rigorously patrolling, protecting
extremely high Iand monitoring the
level of biodiversity "n n Le d area. There are rang-
and unique topog- . --*-..." i ers present at BNR 24
raphy. The expan- ." hours a day, 7 days a
sive piece of land. m ... week.
covers ecosystems 4 Even with Ya'ax-
ranging from pine che's diligent efforts to
savannah to broad- conserve and protect
leaf forest to par- .. the area, Bladen is still
ticularly unique threatened by over-
features of the hunting and fishing,
southern Maya .. illegal development,
Mountains. "". de-reservation, and
2. Bladen is the illegal entry by foreign
largest and most xateros (gatherers of
effectively man- "-",1 ..u- the xate palm used by
aged of only three so. "' *... florists in flower ar-
Nature Reserves in tin* h:'" rangements).
the country. As 5. Due to the unique
such, nature re- composition of the
serves are legally reserve, Bladen is of
bound to the high- supreme value for re-
est classification of Location of Bladen Nature Reserve in northwest Toledo search and educa-
protection in Belize tional purposes Na-


allowing for only research, education and conservation
activities. These strict standards are to be upheld in order
to conserve areas of particular interest to the protected
area system of Belize.
3. Bladen is co-managed by Ya'axche Conservation
Trust, a community oriented non-profit organization. Local


tionals, as well as foreign visitors, are permitted to enter
Bladen under strict guidelines enforced by Ya'axche and
Belize Forest Department. All visitors must apply for re-
search or education permits and may do so by contacting
Ya'axche at 722-0108 or vaaxche.info@gmail.com.
(Continued on Page 13)


Join BTIA and Put Your

Business on the Map
BTIA is businesses work-
ing together to promote
Toledo district as a tour-
ism destination.
Join now and get a FREE
blank copy of the PG town
map. Use the map to pro-
duce your own promo-
tional literature for your
business.
The BTIA membership
year runs from January to
December. Make sure
your business gets on the
map for 2011.


How Do I Join BTIA?
Visit www.btia.org to read
about BTIA and all the
other membership bene-
fits and to download an
application form. Com-
plete the form and hand it
in to Sulma Hernandez at
the Tourism Information
Center on Front St.
BTIA meets monthly on
Wednesday at the Tour-
ism Information Center on
Front Street. Be a part of
BTIA and make a practical
contribution to the eco-
nomic development of
Toledo District.


Information Center


, ,l' "


o
~ o








Tour operator: Blue Belize


Blue Belize tours has been in opera-
tion since 2006 and is a marine and
river based tour operator offering a
range of activities from fishing to div-
ing.
The tour operation is run by Dan Cas-
tellanos a native of Monkey River
Town. Growing up at the river mouth
the sea has been Dan's life and he
possesses the depth of knowledge
that comes from a lifetime learning
about and understanding the sea
and all its flora and fauna.


Dan takes guests up the jungle clad Moho riv
of Punta gorda
Dan comes from a fishing family and
began fishing himself at the age of
four. As he grew older he began to
free-dive for lobster, conch and other
fish. Since then he has taken a path
that many conservation organizations
encourage, moving from being a
commercial fisher to a tour guide and
tour operator with an emphasis on
educating visitors and protecting the
marine environment for future gen-
erations.
Apart from his naturally acquired
knowledge Dan has been a licensed
tour guide for the past seven years
and has eight years experience as a
skipper of catamarans off the coast
of Belize and Guatemala and the Bay
Islands off the north coast of Hondu-
ras. He speaks Creole, English and


Spanish and now runs
tours throughout the Belize
barrier reef system and
also into Guatemala's Rio
Dulce and Lake Izabal re-
gion on the southern coast
of the Bay of Amatique.
When he is not guiding
visitors at sea, Dan has
gained extensive experi-
ence providing technical
and logistical support to a
number of research pro-
grammes relat-
ingto marine pollu-
tion, fish, sharks
and reef fish spawning
aggregations in Belize.
These programmes have
been funded by the Wild-
life Conservation Society,
The Nature Conservancy,
Smithsonian Institution
and a variety of other
organiza-
tions.
Dan is a skil-
er south
ful boat captain
and fisherman
and won two trolling com-
petitions during 2009
when his boat took first
prize for the largest fish.
In the first competition it
was a 21 pound barra-
cuda and in the second a
32 pound black grouper.
Dan offers both flyfishing
tours and tours that in-
clude trolling or bottom
fishing with hand lines for snapper
and other species.
Dan has two new tour offerings. The
first combines natural history and
culture taking guests up the Moho
river and then continuing south to
the Garfifuna village of Barranco
where another local guide takes the
guests around the village, its mu-


Email: solarbelize@gmail.com


Dan and a guest hold a barracuda


seum and Garifuna temple.
North of Punta Gorda Dan is taking
guests up the coast by sea to do the
Monkey River tour and stop for lunch
before meandering back down to Pg
looking out for manatees along the
way.


Picnic on West Snake Caye


For more information
Phone: 602-2483 or 722-2678
E-mail: info@bluebelize.com
Website www.bluebelize.com


For
-Southern all
SSolar your
Solutions olar

needs


Designing and installing solar electric
solutions for schools, farms, parks,
remote homes and other purposes

Phone: 702-2198







BTIA TOLEDO MEMBERS 2010

Business Name Email Phone Contact Person
Belize Crafts Ltd, Maya Bags belizeexecutivedirector@mayabags.org 722-2175 Desiree Arnold
Beya Suites info@beyasuites.com 722-2188 Lisa Avila
Blue Belize Guest House & Tours info@bluebelize.com 722-2678 Dan Castellanos & Rachel Graham
Coral House Inn coralhousebelize@yahoo.com 722-2878 Rick & Darla Mallory
Cotton Tree Lodge chris@cottontreelodge.com 670-0557 Chris Crowell
Cuxlin Ha Retirement Village cuxlinha@hotmail.com 501-614-2518 Dona Lee Scafe
Dem Dats Doin demdatsdoin@btl.net 501-722-2470 Yvonne Villoria
Garbutt's Marine Investment Co. garbuttsmarine@yahoo.com 604-3548 Dennis Garbutt
Hickatee Cottages cottages@hickatee.com 662-4475 lan & Kate Morton
The Lodge at Big Falls info@thelodgeatbigfalls.com 671-7172 / 614-2888 Marta & Rob Hirons
Machaca Hill Lodge info@machacahill.com 722-0050 Brian & Jane Gardiner
Maya Ant and Bee Group mayaantandbee@gmail.com 662-1139 Ofelia Cal
Requena's Charter Service watertaxi@btl.net 722-2070 Julio Requena
Romero's Charter Service rcharters@btl.net 722-2625/2924 Frances Romero
Scotia Bank elvis.perez@scotiabank.com 722-0098/0099 Elvis Perez
The Sea Front Inn larry@seafrontinn.com 722-2300 Larry & Carol Smith
Sun Creek Lodge suncreek@hughes.net 600-8773/614-2080 Bruno & Melissa Kuppinger
TIDE Tours info@tidetour.org 722-2129 Karel Kuran
Toledo Eco-Tourism Association teabelize@yahoo.com 722-2531 Vicente Sackul / Reyes Chun
Toledo Tour Guides Association info@toledotourguides.org 665-6778 Bruno Kuppinger
Tranquility Lodge info@tranquility-lodge.com 677-9921 Sheila & Rusty Nale
Tumul K'in Center of Learning tumulkin_tourism@yahoo.com 608-1070 Rosemary Salam


Where to get your copy of

The Toledo Howler


* BTIA Tourist Information Center,
Front St in Punta Gorda
* Tropic Air and Maya Island Air
terminals throughout Belize
* Business premises of BTIA
members in Toledo (see list
above).
* Tropic Air office in Puerto Bar-
rios, Guatemala.
* Requena's Charters office in
Puerto Barrios, Guatemala.
* Placencia Tourist information
Center, Placencia Village
* Gas stations on Southern and
Western Highway
* Online at:
www.belizefirst.com;
www.ecoclub.com;
www.ambergriscaye.com
www.expatbelize.com
www.thelodgeatbigfalls.com
www.tidetours.org
www.guidetobelize.info/en/
media/toledo-howler-
newspaper.shtml







Accommodation:


Machaca Hill Rainforest Canopy Lodge


Machaca Hill Rainforest Canopy
Lodge, located 5 miles northwest of
Punta Gorda, is a luxurious all-
inclusive hideaway for discerning
travelers seeking a pristine eco-
retreat. Nestled atop a steep hill
overlooking the Rio Grande River
and surrounded by a private nature
reserve, the resort offers panoramic
views east to Port Honduras and
west towards the Maya Mountains.

Each of its twelve treetop suites is
beautifully designed with floor to
ceiling windows, private screened
veranda, oversized bathroom with
double vanity sinks and rainforest
shower area. There are also a multi-
tude of small luxuries such as a cap-
puccino machine, personal water


One of 12 beautifully designed tree house s

purification system, walking sticks,
hair dryer, safe and air conditioning.
Each suite has two queen beds,
with the exception of the honey-
moon suite which offers a king sized
bed.


The decor is a fascinating mixture of
Belizean and African designs. This
isn't surprising given that the pre-
sent managing couple who oversaw










Managers Jane and Brian Gardiner
the renovations in 2008 are Brian
and Jane Gardiner, both originally
from Africa. Brian was born in Zim-
babwe and Jane in South Africa.

Machaca Hill originally opened as El
Pescador in 2002 and was subse-
quently purchased by Out-
post International in 2007.
The Gardiners came on-
board in July 2008, bring-
ing with them 20 years of
experience managing sa-
fari lodges in places like
Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia
and Botswana.
uites The dining experience at
Machaca Hill is led by Chef Ken
Gundu, also originally from Zim-
babwe. Chef Ken creates an exciting
menu, fusing African, Belizean and
international flavors. Many ingredi-
ents come from Machaca Hill's own
organic garden.


Adding to the uniqueness of the din-
ing experience, the resort also
boasts a riverside dining complex at
the base of the hill which offers in-
teractive cookery classes for guests.
A 30 foot catamaran equipped for
dining cruises adds yet another di-
mension.

The newest addition to Machaca Hill
is the Jabulani Spa (Jabulani means
"joy" in the South African Zulu lan-
guage). The spa was created with
two goals in mind: to further pro-
vide guests with luxurious services
in a tranquil environment and to


Jubalani Spa with massage bed


create a one-of-a-kind treatment
space using renewable, natural
materials. Spa treatments are
available to the public. Bed &
breakfast rates are also available.

For more information & reserva-
tions call: 722-0050 or from the
US: 1-888-299-9940.

Email: info@machacahill.com.

Website: www.machacahill.com


The Added Touch

New Stock with expanded lines in hotel supplies


Newll Oneida flatware now in stock at great prices "r
Linens: Blankets, mattress protectors, pillow protectors, towels and NEW ITEMS
all sizes bed linens
Amenities: Mini sizes, dispensers & gallon sizes in body wash, shampoo and conditioner
Libbey Glassware Over 55 styles of glassware in stock
Coffee: In-room coffee!
Now distributing Bio-degradable sunblock, postcards, field guides, books!
7155 Cleghorn St., Belize City, Te/Fax 223-1461, E-mail rrobin@btl.net or addedtouchbz@gmail.com
www.theaddedtouchbelize.com






TRANSPORT SCHEDULES

Schedule of Flights from Punta Gorda To Belize City and from Belize City To Punta Gorda

Flights stop at Placencia & Dangriga
Depart Punta Gorda Arrive In Belize City Service Provider Depart Belize City Arrive In Punta Gorda Service Provider
6:45am 7:45am Maya Island Air 8:00am 9:00am Maya Island Air
7:00am 8:10am Tropic Air 8:30am 9:30am Tropic Air
9:30am 10:30am Maya Island Air 10:00am 11:00am Maya Island Air

9:40am 10:50am Tropic Air 10:30am 11:30am Tropic Air
11:30am 12:30pm Maya Island Air 12:30pm 1:30pm Tropic Air

11:35am 12:40pm Tropic Air 2:30pm 3:30pm Tropic Air

1:35pm 2:45pm Tropic Air 2:30pm 3:50pm Maya Island Air

4:00pm 5:00pm Maya Island Air 4:30pm 5:30pm Maya Island Air

4:00pm 5:00pm Tropic Air 4:50am 6:00pm Tropic Air

Schedule of Buses leaving Punta Gorda
Departs from Punta Gorda Arrives in Belize City Service Provider Type of Service
4:00am 10:00am James Bus Une Regular
5:00am 11:00am James Bus and Usher's Bus Une Regular

6:00am 11:00am James Bus Une Express
6:00am 12:30pm James Bus Une Regular
8:00am 2:30pm James Bus Une Regular
10:00am 4:30pm James Bus line Regular
12noon 6:30pm James Bus Une Regular

1:30pm 7:30pm Usher's Bus Une Regular
2:00pm 7:30pm James Bus Une Regular
3:00pm 8:30pm James Bus Une Regular
5:00pm To Dangriga El Buen Pastor Daily

Boats To Puerto Barrios and Livingston, Guatemala
Service Provider Dep. Punta Gorda Arrive in Puerto Barrios Dep. Puerto Barrios Arrive in Punta Gorda

Requena's Charter Service 9:30am 10:30am 2:00pm 3:00pm

Pichilingo 2:00pm 3:00pm 10:00am 11L00am

Marisol 4:00pm 5:00pm 1:00pm 3:00pm

Boats to Livingston depart on Tuesdays and Fridays at 10 a.m.


Coral House Inn
BED, BREAKFAST AND BICYCLES

Step off of Main Street in Punta Gorda and
experience the intimate atmosphere of the
Coral House Inn, with spacious verandas
overlooking the Caribbean Sea.

Amenities include Swimming pool, conti-

nental breakfast, wireless internet, poolside

bar and use of bicycles.

www.coralhouseinn.net 722-2878








Arzu on Medicinal Plants: Lemongrass or Fevergrass


Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citrates) released when you crush the leaves
is tall decorative aromatic grass that of the Lemongrass. The leaves can
could very well be the most popular be stored dry or frozen, and retain
home remedy in Central America,
and for good reason. It is an at-
tractive, low maintenance, easy
to grow plant, and quite effective
in the treatment of many com-
mon ailments. It acquired the
name Fevergrass because tradi-
tional folk medicine reveres this
plant as the master home remedy
for treating colds and fevers. Like
most grasses in Belize, once
planted, Lemongrass will con-
tinue to grow without any further
assistance from you. It grows with
just as much ease in other parts
of the world, which include India,
Brazil, Philippines, Malaysia, Viet Lemon or Fevergrass (Cymbopogon citrates)


Nam, Madagascar, New Guinea,
Africa, and South America.

The lemongrass variety found in Be-
lize is the Cymbopogon citratus, also
known as the West Indian lemon-
grass, a perennial tropical grass that
looks very much like common field
grass. What differentiates the two is
the rich lemon-like aromatic essence


their aromatic essence, until you are
ready to use them. As soon as you
pick them, tie the blades into a bow,
place them inside a plastic bag, and
freeze at once. Alternatively, you
can dry the leaves, cut them up with
scissors, and store the cuttings in a
glass jar.


In cooking with lemongrass, use only
the bottom third part of the grass -
slice it or dice it real fine before add-
ing it to your foods. It makes an
excellent addition to tikini,
chicken broth, and even to coco-
nut milk for slightly different fla-
vor. You can use the fresh leaves,
and wrap them around shrimp,
fish, and any other seafood be-
fore cooking to enhance their
taste. Use it in your barbecue. Lay
a clump of lemongrass on the grill
under your fish or your chicken or
duck or goat or gibnet, or any bar-
becue meat for that matter. You
can use the tender young shoots
to enhance the flavor of stir-fried
vegetables with meat or no meat.

Medicinally, herbalists use a
strong lemongrass infusion to treat
colds, fevers, and digestive com-
plaints. They use Lemongrass oil as
a body rub to relieve muscle pains,
cramps, rheumatic pain, and
spasms.


(Continued on bottom of Page 12)








Southern E

Voices
Robert Pennell

Robert Pennell has been "
the Station Manager for
Tropic Air in Punta Gorda
for the last nine years. He
is also the Chairman of the
Liquor Licensing Board,
Central Park Committee
and Toledo Community I
College Board.

Have you always lived in Toledo? Yes I've lived here my
whole life, 46 years, apart from two years at college in Belize
City. I went to St Peter Claver Primary School in PG and then
Peter Claver High School which became Toledo Community
College.
What are the most significant changes you have seen in
Toledo in your lifetime? The paving of the Southern Highway
is definitely the biggest change and the full impact of this
has yet to be felt. This will really open up the district. Toledo
is no longer cut off. They started paving around 1996 and
back in those days I had a construction company which was
involved in the project. We built the concrete culverts for
some sections of the highway. Now that the highway is
paved, it has made it easier for government to open feeder
roads and by extension more land is accessible in the dis-
trict. Now that we have the Southern Highway, government
says they will begin paving the road to the border at Jalacte
in April but we will have to wait and see.
What makes you optimistic about the development of tour-
ism in Toledo? Tourism has been growing at a slow, steady
pace. People talk about an explosion of development but I
don't think that will happen because the pieces are not all in
place. Stakeholders are not united enough. We must decide
what we want for Toledo. We are an attractive destination
because we are off the beaten path. We should emphasize
smaller, up market properties catering to tourists looking to
get away from the mainstream. For example, because we
are less developed, visitors can enjoy birdingfrom any place
in the district, including town, which is wonderful.
What could the government do to promote tourism in
Toledo? Government needs to work together with the Minis-


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100% PURE ORGANIC COCOA POWDER

BULK COOKING CHOCOLATE

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for prices & more information, please contact

TCGA OFFICE MAIN STREET 722-0109


try of Tourism so there is synergy in their policies and vision.
They can't for example be giving out marine product export
licenses on one hand while local demand from restaurants
and residents is not being met. Restaurants are forced to
ship food down from up north. I can see how much is
shipped down since a lot of it comes down on the planes.
Government needs to have a long term plan in place which
all departments and ministries understand.
What can PG Town Council do to support tourism? I don't
think PG Council understands tourism and so it's up to the
private sector to show them the benefits of supporting tour-
ism development. For example, more tourism means more
restaurants, which means more employment which in-
creases construction of homes and businesses which in-
creases revenue from property taxes, trade and liquor li-
censes. So the Council stands to gain a lot from tourism
development.
Which do you prefer, reef or rainforest? Definitely rain forest.
The big trees and wildlife are beautiful and there is so much
to learn in the forest.
If a tourist has time to visitjust one place in Toledo, where
would you suggest? Blue Creek Cave
Which is your favorite month or season? March, in a normal
year, because it's between the wet and the dry not too hot
and not too wet.
What is your most memorable encounter with a wild animal?
When I was first working at Tropic Air, I used to watch a
white hawk from my window, hunting over the field outside.
It would hover effortlessly and then suddenly dive to the
ground in one motion. It was beautiful.
Do you use any herbal medicines? Not really although I
sometimes swallow a garlic clove for general health.
What is your favorite Belizean dish? Anything with corn. I
especially like dukunu with stewed chicken.
Does Tropic Air have any development plans you can share
with us? They are hoping to start regional flights to Guate-
mala or Honduras, from Placencia or maybe PG.
Tell us something about PG our readers may not know. The
last hurricane to hit Toledo before Iris (in 2001) was back in
1945. The boat which used to transport people up and down
the coast was moored in town but after the hurricane, the
boat was seen floating in the middle of Hopeville which was
completely covered by the sea.
[The views expressed in this interview are those of the interviewee and do not necessarily
reflect the opinions of the editorial team or the Belize Tourism Industry Association]


Lemongrass (Continued from Page 11)



The oil is also used topically to relieve toothaches, treat
fungal infections, and as hair dressing to enliven the
hair and relieve migraines. Lemongrass has the Magi-
cal ability to repel snakes and attracts love like a mag-
net- but only if you plant it around your own home or in
your own garden. Mystics and metaphysicians include
lemongrass oil in the potions they use to increase fi-
nancial fortune, and to develop psychic abilities.



Call 600-3873 for more information







Bladen Nature Reserve
(Continued from Page 6)

6. Conservation target species such as jaguar, puma, ocelot,
margay, jaguarondi, tapir, spider and howler monkey, and
harpy eagle are found throughout the reserve. Although there
are many species already known to exist in Bladen, still more
are as yet undiscovered.
7. Bladen protects the headwaters of the Monkey River, the
largest watershed of the Toledo District and a very important
river for several communities. It also serves as a very valuable
wildlife corridor as part of the Maya Golden Landscape.
http://www.vct.bz/mava landscape.html
8. It is understandable that people want to experience the
natural beauty of Bladen through tourism but this natural
beauty has arisen out of the lack of historical human interfer-
ence. There are many areas available for tourism in Toledo
and we must not be tempted to sacrifice the quality of Bladen
for short-term economic goals.
9. The pristine wilderness, Mayan artifacts, and primary
growth forests found within Bladen are valuable for their exis-
tence alone but further to this their role in the natural cycles of
the environment we live in here in Toledo cannot be over-
stated.
10. It is our duty to protect our resources for the benefit of
current citizens of Belize and future generations. The preser-
vation of Bladen is our gift to our children, and our children's
children.

This feature was submitted by the Ya'axche Conservation Trust. The
Howler welcomes other contributions in response to this feature or
articles advocating alternative approaches to conservation, tourism
and development


Bladen Reserve's famous Blue Pool


Primary forest with huge trees in the reserve


Disco eer
The Unique Indigenous Experience
Homestays in
Aguacate, San Jose & Na Luum Ca
villages


Owner/Manager: Francis Romero

Forest Home Village .L
Toledo District, Belize CA _
Phone: 501-720-2042
Cell: 501414-3998 or 6625791

Email:rcharters@btl.net
For comfort, style and reliability,
ride with us! Services offered are in
customized packages tailored to
meet the needs of our customers. i an.


King's Texaco Service Stations
Punta Gorda & Big Falls

Proudly serving Toledo for 25 years
King's welcomes all visitors to the beautiful
south



Fuels, lubricants, tyres, batteries &c.
Tyre repair, oil changes, vehicle & engine wash
Snacks & beverages
Maps & tourist information
Clean rest rooms


Punta Gorda 24-hour service
All night self-serve cash only
Marina with fuel service & docking facilities






Tek 722-2126 or 722-2926

Fax: 722-2104 b


-----~---- -~~-





14

For all your real estate

needs contact

Tony Monsanto

Century 21

Representative

in Southern Belize
Cell: +501-624-3734

Fax: +501-722-0303

Email: amonsanto@century21 belize.com or
monsantony@yahoo.com


JUST REDUCED from
$950,000 to
$385,000.
This is now less than
$350 per acre!!


1110 acres of lush
green rolling hills
where the former
Seven Hills Estate
meets the left bank of
the Rio Grande River. This beautiful property has two
large creeks and approximately two miles of river front-
age. It is approximately 3
miles from the sea. This
property has an abundance
of birds, fish and wildlife ....,
making it an exceptional
setting for eco-tourism. It is
going for about one quarter
of the price of similar prop-
erties in the area.


JUST REDUCED
from $600,000 to
$499,998.
60 acres of pristine
forest land, on the
edge a beautiful em-
erald lagoon. Situ-
ated in the heart of
.. the Payne Creek's
-- Nature Preserve, this
- ---.= - -. property has a su
perabundance of
fish, birds and other indigenous wildlife. These factors make the
property ideally suited for nature lovers, sport fishermen, and sail-
ing enthusiasts. Its proximity to the sea and coral reefs makes it
great base for scuba divers. The property is comprised of 6 10-
acres parcels of land. Its strategic location makes the lagoon a
natural haven for yachts, sailing sloops, catamarans and other
pleasure crafts. The natural beauty, serenity, size and strategic
location of the property make it a great choice for : quiet family
retreat, tourist resort or residential and/or recreational subdivision.
The asking price is a mere $499,998 for entire 60 acres, or
$150,000 for each of the six 10 acres parcel.


Craft Focus: Ixchel Women's Group, Indian Creek


The Ixchel women's group in Indian
Creek consists of ten women from
the village who have worked together
for the past fifteen years making and
selling their crafts as well as offering
visits demonstrations.
Their crafts include jippi jappa bas-
kets, cuxtals, embroidered bags,
carvings, necklaces and bracelets.


1.

i
i










.

Ixchel with an entwined serpent as head
dress and carrying an upturned jar. Woven
onto a bag by one of the group members

Their baskets range in price from $5


for the smallest items
up to $150 for the larg-
est pieces.
The group takes its
name (pronounced
Eesh-chel) from the
aged jaguar goddess of
midwifery and medicine
in ancient Mayan cul-
ture.
The group also offers
craft making demon-
strations showing
guests how to weave
the jippi jappa or sew a Grindi
cuxtal (the traditional shoul-
der bag used by farmers to carry
their food to their plantations).
The group also offers lunch and
guests will then have the opportunity
to grind corn on a stone, form and
cook tortillas on a comal (heavy
metal grill plate used over an open
fire). Guests may also roast and
grind cacao beans before making a
traditional cacao drink or get some
exercise outside squeezing sugar
from the raw cane as it is put though
a mangle to extract the juice.


ng corn on a stone to make tortillas


They have recently built a thatched
palapa next to the waterfall behind
the village where all of these demon-
strations and tasting now take place.

Contact Tecla Acal to arrange a visit
Telephone 709-2006 or 630-4184
A meal and demonstrations cost $10
per person.
The Ixchel women's group has a sign
by the highway opposite Indian Creek
Primary School.


r









Birding Hot Spots with Lee Jones


In my first article on Birding Hotspots
back in July, I mentioned that most
migrants concentrate on the cayes,
but I did not mention why, saving that
intriguing phenomenon for a later
article. Now that spring migration is
upon us, this would be a good time to
address that question. If the sight of
the handsomely patterned and
brightly colored jewels that are the
warblers, tanagers, orioles, buntings,
and thrushes gives you pleasure,
and you have an opportunity to visit
the Sapodilla Cayes Marine Re-
serve or the Snake Cayes in April or
May, by all means, drop everything
you're doing, clear your schedule
for a weekend, and go! When the
weather conditions are right this
can be a passing cold or warm
front, a low overcast sky or morning
ground fog, or strong westerly
winds the result can be what in
birding parlance is called a
"fallout" of birds. On a good day,
you can see as many as a dozen
species of warblers on one small
caye, and 15-16 is not unheard of.
Although the sheer numbers of birds
are much smaller in springthan fall, it
is still routine to see on a single caye
a dozen or so catbirds or wood
thrushes or rose-breasted grosbeaks
or indigo buntings or redstarts or....
Well, you get the picture.
But why not just stay home and enjoy
the same remarkable "fallout" of
birds in P.G. or Placencia? True, you
are likely to see more migrants along
the coast than inland, but nothing on
the mainland can compare to a good
migrant day on the cayes (and the
smaller and more isolated the caye is,
the better). Why is this so? The first
clue is that most songbirds, including
all the groups of birds mentioned
above, migrate at night. That's right,
they migrate under cover of darkness.
There are a number of reasons why it
makes sense for a small bird to mi-
grate at night. Among these are the
reduced risk of hyperthermia and
dehydration at night when it is cooler;
the decreased likelihood of encoun-
tering headwinds or crosswinds at


night, the lack of predation by hawks
and falcons; and by migrating at night
they can spend the daylight hours
tanking up on food for the longjour-
ney ahead.
For navigating at night, birds use the
general terrain below them, (e.g.,
mountains, valleys, rivers, or coast-
line), the fixed star pattern in the
northern sky, and perhaps most sur-


1 -1 ..
A. t ; W1 2


IL


A migrating American Redstart rests and refuels on
Half Moon Caye

prisingly, their remarkable ability to
detect the earth's magnetic field. So,
in a very real sense, birds are glori-
fied, winged compasses!
The second clue is that despite all of
the navigation tools at their disposal,
birds are imperfect navigators. A
number of factors can intervene to
throw them off course: an overcast
sky, steady crosswinds during the
night, ground fog, and in rare cases, a
defective genetic "compass" that can
cause the bird to head out in entirely
the wrong direction.
The third clue is what I will call "dawn
surprise". And the fourth clue that
goes hand in hand with the third is
the funnel effect. Under normal condi-
tions the bird navigates its course
accurately and, at dawn, finds itself
over a lush green rainforest, a marsh,
a cornfield, or just about anywhere on
the mainland. It then comes in for a
landing, finds the nearest tree, bush,
flower, or corn stalk and resumes its
daily routine. But if it has been


cloudy, foggy, or windy, it may find
itself over open ocean as dawn ap-
proaches. This is the "dawn surprise".
The bird will change course if neces-
sary and make a beeline for the near-
est point of land. As often as not, this
land on the horizon is an island or a
promontory on the mainland. And if
no land is visible? Several controlled
studies have demonstrated that the
bird will reverse course and start fly-
ing back in the direction it came
from. That way, it is sure to reach
land eventually if it has enough
energy reserves to last that long.
A good way to visualize the fun-
nelingeffect islands have on mi-
grating birds is to imagine 1000
birds migrating over 1000 acres
of terrain. When dawn comes,
those migrating over land, let's
say 500 of the 1000 migrating
over 500 acres of land, drop
Down to the earth below them to
start their daily routine. That
comes out to one bird for every
one acre of land. One small bird in an
acre of rainforest can be exceedingly
hard to locate, so this would not be a
particularly good place to go to look
for migrants. But the other, less fortu-
nate 500 find themselves out at sea
at dawn. The only land below them is
a small island. All 500 birds head for
that one piece of real estate. Now,
500 warblers, orioles, and buntings
on, say, tiny Nicholas Caye all at one
time would be quite an impressive a
sight!
One last tidbit in case you're not yet
sold on a trip to the cayes this spring.
Many of these birds are exhausted
when they finally reach land after
flying all night and half the morning.
Some don't make it at all. But the
ones that do are more concerned
about finding a morsel to eat than
avoiding potential predators and
that includes you. There are times
when I have had exhausted birds hop-
ping on the ground at my feet, even
gleaning gnats and flies off my shoes
and pant legs. And that, to me, is the
magic of islands.


The Whale Shark Continued from page 4
and once in the water all persons must remain 15 feet away in any direction from a whale shark. Touching, chasing
or molesting whale sharks is strictly prohibited. Through the use of these guidelines, whale shark tours have al-
lowed people to experience the natural beauty of this magnificent species in its own habitat.
If you would like more information about whale sharks please contact TIDE at the details above. Alternatively, con-
tact the Southern Environmental Association (SEA) in Placencia who
co-manage Gladden Spit and Silk Cayes Marine Reserve and Sapo-
dilla Cayes Marine Reserve, and work directly with whale sharks in
Belize (info@seabelize.org, Tel: +501 523-3377).

Contributed by
Dr. Nicola L. Foster, Senior Marine Biologist., TIDE
nfoster@tidebelize.org,
Tel: +501 722-2274.
Dr. Rachel T. Graham,


Ocean Giants Program, Wildlife Conservation Society


Look! Don't touch! Keep your distance!









TOLEDO DISTRICT


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SPORTH S SaCaye 5. (Fria'n5 Cay
MARINE RESERVE Nwihlas Cayc ;,
Nihlolas Cayee :
Landing BTIA Members Htilg ca~re c
ra 1. The Lodge at Big Falls timi e Cave
2. Sun Creek Lodge
3. Dem Dat's Doin', San Pedro Columbia
4. Tumul K'in, Blue Creek village
Water taxi to 5. Machaca Hill Lodge
Guatemala 6. Romero's Charters, Forest Home
7. Cotton Tree Lodge
8. Cuxlin Ha
9. Tranquility Lodge


Classified Ads


Acupuncturist US certified, oriental diagnosis, pain problems, tune-
up stress. Classical Guitar- Private lessons ( Guitar Rental)
Tai Chi Club Starting Ted Berlin- 660-0740 Hopeville, Toledo

International Medical Insurance US$5,000,000 worldwide cover, "A"
rated underwriter, 4700 US hospitals in network. Age 30-34 as low
as $35 monthly. www.protexplan.com, info@protexplan.com, +1-604-
724-7384

Tour Van Rental Self-drive 15-seater tour bus. Full A/C, powerful
diesel automatic. $200BZ/ day plus fuel. $500BZ refundable de-
posit. Call 632-8803

Casa Placencia and THE BAKERY Garden rooms, $50US One BR
Oceanvu Apartment, $75US Two BR Gardenvu apartment, $100US
Include A/C, wifi, cable TV, bicycles. Longterm avail. 503-3143, 630-
7811, 669-4842

Jungle Kayaking The Lodge at Big Falls offers kayaking trips on the
Rio Grande, both guided and unguided. Our Hobie sit-on-top kayaks
are easy to maneuver and very stable. By far the best way to stay
cool while enjoying Toledo's wildlife! For more information and reser-
vations call the Lodge on 671-7172

Joyce Cal Qualified masseuse. Relaxation and therapeutic mas-
sage; facial, foot, half or whole body. $60BZ hour $30BZ half hour.
Also after-care and home nursing services. 664-9031

Tropical Plants for Sale variegated gingers, sago palms, heliconia
and many other varieties. Call 671-7172 or visit the nursery at The
Lodge at Big Falls.


Great Value Advertising in The Howler! Promote your busi-
ness or sale items in our classified section for just BZ$25 for
up to 21 words. Make sure your message gets to the people
who need to see it! Phone 722-2531


Emergency Numbers



PG Police station: 722-2022

PG Hospital: 722-2026 / 722-2161/ 722-2145

PG Fire Department: 722-2032

National Emergencies (NEMO): 822-0153

Belize Tourism Board: 227-2420/ 227-2417

BTIA Main Office Belize City: 227-1144






'Responsibility is our Motto.
Watertaxi Daily Runs


Punta Gorda

To

Puerto Barrios


Tel/Fax:(501)722-2070

Email:watertaxi@btl.net

Site:www.belizenet.com/


Charters to Fulfill Your
teeds
Contact Jullo Requena


Leaves 9am

Returns 2pm


12 Front Street

Punta Gorda Town


Toledo, Belize,
C.A.


tubamitun


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- 0171,9

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