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Water levels in artesian and nonartesian aquifers of Florida in ..
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094053/00003
 Material Information
Title: Water levels in artesian and nonartesian aquifers of Florida in ..
Series Title: 1975-76-- Open-file report United States Department of the Interior, Geological Survey
Physical Description: v. : ill., maps ; 23-27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Healy, Henry G
Healy, Henry G
Florida Geological Survey
Florida -- Division of Geology
Florida -- Bureau of Geology
Geological Survey (U.S.) -- Water Resources Division
Geological Survey (U.S.)
Publisher: State of Florida, State Board of Conservation, Division of Geology, Florida Geological Survey
Place of Publication: Tallahassee
Tallahassee
Publication Date: 1962-
Copyright Date: 1960
Frequency: biennial[1961-62--]
annual[ former 1960]
biennial
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Water levels -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Aquifers -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Water-supply -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1960-
Issuing Body: Vol(s). for 1963-64 issued by: State of Florida, State Board of Conservation, Division of Geology; for 1965-66--1971-72 by: State of Florida, Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Geology; for 1973-74 by: United State Geological Survey, Water Resources Division; for 1975-76-- by: United States Department of the Interior, Geological Survey.
General Note: Vols. for 1961-62-- have title: Water levels in artesian and nonartesian aquifers of Florida.
General Note: Editor: 1960-, Henry G. Healy.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management:
The author dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law and all related or neighboring legal rights he or she had in the work, to the extent allowable by law.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 35182007
System ID: UF00094053:00003

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    Main
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Full Text






FLRD GEOLOSk ( IC SUfRiW


COPYRIGHT NOTICE
[year of publication as printed] Florida Geological Survey [source text]


The Florida Geological Survey holds all rights to the source text of
this electronic resource on behalf of the State of Florida. The
Florida Geological Survey shall be considered the copyright holder
for the text of this publication.

Under the Statutes of the State of Florida (FS 257.05; 257.105, and
377.075), the Florida Geologic Survey (Tallahassee, FL), publisher of
the Florida Geologic Survey, as a division of state government,
makes its documents public (i.e., published) and extends to the
state's official agencies and libraries, including the University of
Florida's Smathers Libraries, rights of reproduction.

The Florida Geological Survey has made its publications available to
the University of Florida, on behalf of the State University System of
Florida, for the purpose of digitization and Internet distribution.

The Florida Geological Survey reserves all rights to its publications.
All uses, excluding those made under "fair use" provisions of U.S.
copyright legislation (U.S. Code, Title 17, Section 107), are
restricted. Contact the Florida Geological Survey for additional
information and permissions.









STATE OF FLORIDA
STATE-BOARD OF CONSERVATION





DIVISION OF GEOLOGY
Robert 0. Vernon, Director







INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52






WATER LEVELS IN ARTESIAN AND NONARTESIAN
AQUIFERS OF FLORIDA, 1963-64






By
.Henry G. Healy





Prepared by the
UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
in cooperation with the
DIVISION OF GEOLOGY
FLORIDA BOARD OF CONSERVATION
and
OTHER STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES


TALLAHASSEE
1968






F63"



AGRI-
CULTURAL
LIBRARY










CONTENTS


Introduction .................................. .............


Well-numbering system .................. .......
Principal aquifers ...............................
Northwestern Florida ............................
Pensacola area................................
Fort Walton area...............................
Panama City area.............................
Northern and north-central Florida .................
Tallahassee area.......... ..................
Fernandina-Jacksonville area ..................
Central Florida .................................
Tampa-St. Petersburg area.....................
Lakeland area................................
Orlando area................................


Cape Kennedy area ...........................
Sarasota-Bradenton area.......................
Southern Florida ................................
Ft. Myers area ...............................
Stuart-West Palm .........
Stuart-West Palm Beach area ...................
Ft. Lauderdale area...........................
Miami area...................................


............. 20
............. 22
............. 23
............. 23
............. 27
............. 29
............. 29
............. 32
............. 35
............. 36
............. 38
............. 42
............. 47
............. 51
............. 52


ILLUSTRATIONS


Figure
1 Observation-well network, December 1964, and the extent
of principal aquifers and sources of ground-water supplies
in Florida.............................................
2 Well-numbering system..................................
3 Piezometric surface and areas of flow of the Floridan aquifer,
in Florida, July 6-17, 1961 ..............................
4 Locations of observation wells in northwestern Florida for
which hydrographs are given.............................
5 Graph of total yearly pumpage, City of Pensacola ..........
6 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Escambia 45 at Cantonment, 46 near Ensley, and
62 at Pensacola, Pensacola area...........................
7 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in well Escambia 62 and departures from monthly normal
precipitation at Pensacola, 1960-64. ......................
8 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Okaloosa 3, 25, and 31, Ft. Walton Beach area.....
9 Map showing net change of ground-water levels, Pensacola
and Ft. Walton areas, May 1951 to May 1962 ...............
10 Map showing net change of ground-water levels, Pensacola
and Ft. Walton areas, May 1962 to May 1964. ...... .......
11 Graph of total yearly pumpage, Panama City ................


3
21

22

24
25


26


27

28

30

31
32









12 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Walton 13 at Point Washington, Bay 7 at Panama
City, and Washington 4, at Caryville ...................... 33
13 Map showing locations of observation wells in northern and
north-central Florida for which hydrographs are given ....... 34
14 Graph of total yearly pumpage, City of Tallahassee ......... 35
15 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in well Leon 7 and departures from monthly normal precipita-
tion at Tallahassee, 1960-64 ............................ 36
16 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Leon 7 at Tallahassee, Madison 18 near Madison,
Columbia 9 at Lake City, and Nassau 12 near Fernandina ... 37
17 Graph of total yearly pumpage, City of Jacksonville ........ 38
IS Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Nassau 51 at Callahan, Duval 122 at Jacksonville,
Duval 164 near Mayport, Marion 5 near Ocala, and Putnam
29 at Palatka........................................... 39
19 Maps showing net changes of ground-water levels in
Jacksonville and Fernandina areas, May 1951 to May 1962
and from May 1962 to May 1964 .......................... 40
20 Map showing locations of observation wells in central
Florida for which hydrographs are given ................... 41
21 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Pasco 13 near Ehren and Hillsborough 13 near
Citrus Park, Tampa area ................................ 42
22 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in well Hillsborough 13 and departures from monthly normal
precipitation at Tampa, 1960-64 .......................... 43
23 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Hillsborough 30 near Ruskin, Pinellas 13 at Tarpon
Springs, and Pinellas 246 at Clearwater ................... 44
24 Graphs showing changes in chloride content in wells Pinellas
592 at Bay Pines and 166 at Dunedin, St. Petersburg area... 45
25 Graph showing total yearly pumpage, City of Lakeland ...... 46
26 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in well Polk 45 near Lakeland and departures from monthly
normal precipitation at Lakeland, 1960-64 ................. 47
27 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Polk 44 and 47 near Davenport and Polk 45 near
Lakeland, Lakeland area ................................ 48
28 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Polk 49 near Frostproof and Polk 51 at Frostproof,
and Highlands 10 near Sebring ........................... 49
29 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Highlands 13, Osceola 183, and Okeechobee 3 in
the Kissimmee Valley .................................. 50
30 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Orange 47 and 47B near Orlando and departures
from monthly normal precipitation at Orlando, 1960-64....... 51
31 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in well Orange 47, near Orlando ........................... 52










32 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
near Cape Kennedy and eastern-central coastal Florida ..... 53
33 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Manatee 92 and Sarasota 9, Sarasota-Bradenton
area........................... ....................... 54
34 Map showing location of wells in southern Florida for which
hydrographs are given .................................. 55
35 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in well Lee 246 near Ft. Myers and departures from normal
monthly precipitation at Ft. Myers, 1960-64 ................ 56
36 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Lee 246 near Ft. Myers, Collier 131 near Immokalee,
and Martin 147 at Stuart.................................. 57
.37 Graph of total yearly pumpage, City of Stuart .............. 58
38 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in well Martin 147 and departures from monthly normal
precipitation at Stuart, 1960-64 .......................... 59
39 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in well Palm Beach 88 and departures from monthly normal
precipitation at West Palm Beach, 1960-64 ................ 60
40 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Palm Beach 88 near West Palm Beach, Broward
G561 and G617 near Ft. Lauderdale, and Dade G553 near
M iam i ................................................. 61
41 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Broward F291 at Hollywood, Dade S18 near Miami,
Dade S196A near Homestead, Dade F179 at Miami, and
Broward S329 near Ft. Lauderdale....................... 62
42 Hydrographs showing changes in chloride content of water
in wells Broward G514 and S830 near Ft. Lauderdale, and
Dade F296 and F64 near Miami .......................... 63
43 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in well Dade S196A, and departures from monthly normal
precipitation at Homestead Experimental Station, 1960-64 ... 65
44 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Dade S19 and G10 near Miami, and Dade G72 north-
west of Opa-locka....................................... 66
45 Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Dade G596, G618, G613, and G620 in central Dade
County ............................................... 67
46 Hydrographs showing changes in chloride content of water in
wells Dade G354 and G580 near Miami and Dade G469, S529,
and G212 in southeastern Dade County .................... 68

Table
1 Well and water-level data for selected observation wells in
Florida............................................... 4









WATER LEVELS IN ARTESIAN AND NONARTESIAN
AQUIFERS OF FLORIDA, 1963-64

By
Henry G. Healy

INTRODUCTION

This report summarizes the trends and fluctuations of ground-
water levels in the principal aquifers in Florida during 1963-64 and
includes the following: (1) hydrographs of ground-water levels in
the several aquifers; (2) maps showing changes in ground-water
levels during specific periods; and, (3) a table summarizing the
principal data on selected observation wells. Observation wells
for which records are available are listed in the "Index to Water
Resources Data-Collection Stations in Florida, 1961", Florida
Geological Survey Special Publication No. 11, which includes
the location, aquifer, and type and period of records available for
about 3,600 observation wells.
Since World War II, and particularly during the last decade,
the demand for fresh water for industrial, municipal, and agricul-
tural use in Florida has increased yearly. Although ground-water
supplies have been adequate for the increased demand in most
areas in Florida, water levels have declined appreciably in some
areas. Because demand for ground water continues to increase,
shortages will occur and may become critical in some areas. In
coastal areas, declining water levels may allow salt water to
encroach and shortages could result from deterioration in quality
as well as from the reduction of quantity of water available. In
order to prevent future shortages, the supplies of ground water
must be properly appraised before they can be effectively utilized.
Records of trends and fluctuations of ground-water levels have
long formed a basis for such an appraisal.
The principal objective of the Water Resources Division of
the U.S. Geological Survey is to appraise and to evaluate the
Nation's water resources. Although many types of ground-water
investigations are conducted throughout the Nation, the collection
and compilation of basic hydrologic data constitute an important
part of the water-resources studies.
Objectives of the hydrologic data program include: the eva-
luation of available ground-water supplies; the prediction of trends






DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


of water levels; and the delineation of present or potential areas
of detrimentally high or low ground-water levels. Water levels are
also used to predict the base flow of streams, to portray the effects
of natural and man-induced forces that act on a water-bearing
formation, and to furnish information for use in research. The
hydrologic data program is an important adjunct of the several
types of geologic and hydrologic methods of study used in water-
resources investigations.
The hydrologic data-collection program of the U. S., Geol-
ogical Survey is part of the cooperative investigations of the
ground-water resources of Florida, in cooperation with the Div-
ision of Geology, Florida Board of Conservation, and other state
and local agencies and municipalities. The observation-well
network in 1964 included about 1,000 observation wells in the
67 counties of the State. Figure 1 shows the locations of these
observation wells and Table 1 lists data for 329 observation wells
selected from the statewide network.
The hydrologic-data program consists of the collection, tab-
ulation, interpretation, evaluation, and publication of water-level
and related data. Water levels for selected wells are published,
at present, once every 5 years in the U. S. Geological Survey
Water-Supply Papers.
Information pertinent to ground water is also published in
interpretative reports of investigations published by the Florida
Geological Survey and the U. S. Geological Survey. Data collected
during an investigation and subsequent to publication are available
from the District Chief, U. S. Geological Survey, P. O. Box 2315,
Tallahassee, Florida 32304.
The water-level data used in this report represent measure-
ments taken from automatic water-stage recorder charts, pressure
gages, and made by wet tape. In general, water-level measurements
made by tape and stage recorder are shown to the nearest hundredth
of a foot, and those made with a pressure gage are shown to the
nearest tenth of a foot.
Table 1 summarizes well-data and water-level information for
the several aquifers. Well data include the aquifer, depth of well,
and depth of casing. The items: "Year record began" and "Fre-
quency of measurements" are included as part of the well data.
In the water-level portion of the table, levels for May or June are
used because records are available for these months for a large
percentage of the wells. Also, ground-water levels generally are
lowest during May or June in many areas and records during that






INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


UNITED


/


EXPLANATION
Observation well
@ Chloride simple
PRINCIPAL AOUIFERS
[oD Sand-ond-grovel

W Floridan

SFlondon ond/or others

SBoscoyne

---- Approxmoate oqulfer boundary
13
"-- Chloride wells


Central and Southern Flordo
Flood Control Project

Southwest Flordo
Woter Monogemenl District


0 o 20 30 40..50mles


Figure 1. Observation-well network, December 1964, and the extent of
principal aquifers and sources of ground-water supplies in Florida.









4 DIVISION OF GEOLOGY










Table l.--Summary of well data and water levels in selected-observation vells.

Well number: Well numbers are based on county numbering system e.g. Bay County well Bay 20, or on the lati-
tudinal and longitudinal system e.g. well 008-537-2. Both numbers 20 and 008-537-2 are given where this
well has been reported previously in a publication under the county number. Letters prefixed to well
numbers in Broward and Dade Counties; G, Geological Survey wells,; S, supply wells; F, fire wells; and
NP. National Park Service wells. Letter suffix A, shallow well adjacent to deep well.
Aquifer: B, Biscayna; F, Floridan; G, sand-and-gravel; H, Hawthorn; NA, nonartesian; S, shallow sand.
Depth of well: Measured unless otherwise noted. R, reported depth.
Frequency of measurement: Refers to current biennium. B, bimonthly; C, continuous; M, monthly; S, semi-
annually; W, weekly.
Prior to 1963: When only one measurement is available prior to current biennium, measurement is arbitrarily
Listed as a low level.
Water level: To hundredth of a foot if measured by vet-tape method or taken from recorder chart; to nearest
tenth of a foot if measured by pressure gage or airline.
Annual range: Based on measurements available during year. For wells equipped with recorder, range is
based on every 5th day measurements.
Remarks: B, water level below measuring point; D, measurements discontinued on date shown in Remarks;
L. lowest water level; M, water level with reference to mean sea level; P, water level affected by
pumping of nearby wells; R, recorder installed on date shown in Remarks; S, water level affected by
seasonal or regional pumping; T, water levels affected by ocean tides.



SWater level above (+) or below (-) land surface
S(feet)
0 >S Prior to 1963 Highest water
Well number o C 4 level in May Annual Remarks
-.a aC L M.ay or June or June Range
s a2 a (High Law 1963 1964 1963 1964
a- Ol A 0 P (year) (year)

ALACHUA COUNTY


F 252 136 1958 C -23.48 -30.34 -31.68 -29.46 2.05 11.48
1960 1962

F 447R 175 1957 B -88.52 -93.04 -94.19 -91.62 1.42 5.31 P
1961 1957

F 300R 250 1960 B -37.34 -39.17 -39.36 -37.90 0.66 10.98
1960 1962

BAKER COUNTY


S 13 18 1958 C +0.17
1959


-5.21
1962


F 168 --- 1957 B -100.48 -100.5 -
1962 1957


F 595R 459 1945 B -55.4
1945


-71.27
1962


R 198 102 1960 B --- -18.95
1962

BAY COUNTY


-2.48 -0.60 4.03 3.08


101.74 -95.06 2.68 8.30


-71.45 -67.58 1.60 5.86 P


-20.13 -14.98 4.07 4.06


-78.36 -62.35 11.11


+1.30 ---


6.17 P


1.48 0.40


-10.37 -6.65 2.80 1.95


0.91


7 (010-541-1) F 253 --- 1936 B -42.33 -77.58
1947 1962


8 (016-538-1) F 435R 300 1936 B +1.80
1952

10 (014-536-1) p 300R --- 1936 B -6.76
1950

12 (017-551-1) F 290R --- 1961 B +0.72
1961


+1.08
1955

-10.67
1962


+0.50 +0.33 +1.82 1.11
1962


-- --- P; D,d1963


20 (008-537-2) 7 457 140 1951 C -117.81 -139.0 -133.6 -
1952 1955


936-236-1


942-216-1


949-235-2




011-227-1


014-226-1


016-207-1


026-214-1









INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


43 (004-535-1) F


53 (012-552-1)


65 (006-525-1)


68 (023-526-1)


69 (025-525-1)




000-210-2




19 (805-045-1)


20 (795-043-2)


79 (847-051-1)


148 (821-045-1)


159 (834-039-1)


759-045-1


807-039-2


814-048-2


822-047-2




7291


G561


G616


0617


0820


G053


8329


645 238 1946 B -62.8 -128.7 -102.9 -82.2 37.0 --- P
1948 1962


G 134 114 1961 B --- -8.97 -9.32 -8.37 0.51 --- D, 1964
1962

F 200R --- 1961 B --- +4.30 +2.3 --- 4.0 --- D, 1964
1962

F 160 158 1961 B --- +1.81 +1.6 +3.30 1.57 1.90
1962

G 153 136 1961 B --- -13.76 -13.14 -8.25 3.26 --- D, 1964
1962

BRADFORD COUNTY

F 294 247 1959 B -69.52 -73.96 -75.69 -73.47 1.29 4.95
1959 1962

BREVARD COUNTY

F 413K 80 1934 B +27.3 +19.6 +15.2 +21.6 8.7 4.2 P; D, 1!
1950 1961

F 447R 125 1934 B +28.7 +19.8 +20.0 +20.6 3.7 3.1 S
1947 1962

F 160R 85 1946 B +5.1 -0,55 --- +3.12 1.78 1.56 S
1947 1962

F 206R 105 1946 B +10.9 +4.3 +5.04 +7.1 3.62 2.3 S
1953 1962

F 210 144 1946 B +14.9 +8.2 +9.2 --- 3.8 0.6 S; D, 1
1953 1958

S 9 4 1958 C -4.4 -7.2 -6.2 -3.5 3.2 2.8
1958 1962

S 50 4 1958 C -6.5 -8.4 -7.6 -6.1 3.4 2.3
1959 1962

S 9 4 1958 C -0.9 -3.1 -2.1 0.0 2.8 3.1
1959 1961

F 129 4 1960 C +32.6 +29.9 +27.9 +30.2 4.5 3.60 M
1960 1960

BROWARD COUNTY

B 107 --- 1939 C +4.3 +0.4 +1.61 +2.90 4.09 2.76 M
1958 1952

B 20 20 1948 C 44.1 +0.2 +2.05 +2.97 4.40 3.45 M
1958 1956

B 25 19 1952 C +12.90 +8.72 +11.66 +11.28 4.06 3.36 M
1957658 1956

B 29 28 1950 C +6.6 +2.57 +4.54 +5.96 2.13 3.40 M
1954 1962

B 224 215 1956 C --- -0.70 -0.70 +1.15 7.45 5.87 M; Pros
1962 vell fi

B 22 21 1960 C --- +2.80 +3.40 +3.75 5.82 4.15 M; Pomp
1962 vell ff

B 68 --- 1940 C +5.5 +0.5 +1.59 +2.58 4.48 5.3 M; Dixii
1955 1954 field


964











964


pect
eld

ano
eld

e well






DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


a Water level above (+) or below (-) land surface
(feet)
a -M -0 -- - ------ ---- ---- -----
% i Prior to 1963 Highest water
Well number Ma or level in May Annual Remarks
eh nb I3ay or June 1or June Range
C. 1- High (Lowr
in o^ 5 M&. ( (year) (year)


CALHOUN COUNTY

1 (026-502-1) F 212 36 1961 B -2.27 -3.05
1961 1962

7 (026-509-1) F 188R 64 1961 B +8.0 +7.4
1961 1962

II (014-511-1) F 147R 47 1961 B +11.7 +10.9
1961 1962

CITRUS COUNTY

15 (902-228-1) F 78 --- 1933 B -8.62 -19.83
1959 1956

856-223-2 F 91 --- 1961 B --- -48.36
1962

CIAY COUNTY

5 (006-148-2) F 530R 157 1940 B +35.5 +21.0
1947 1957

948-202-6 H 144 80 1960 B -45.33 -47.72
1960 1962

948-202-7 NA 42 40 1960 B -28.38 -30.94
1960 1962

948-202-8 F 250 193 1960 C -55.02 -58.15
1961 1962

COLLIER COUNTY

54 B 9 8 1951 C +13.1 +8.05
1958 1962

131 B 54 22 1952 C +26.2 +20.90
1958 1962

164 B 51 20 1958 C +5.5 -0.85
1959 1962

271 B 38 --- 1959 C -2.18 -4.9
1962 1960

296 B 45 --- 1959 C -7.2 -7.65
1962 1962

COLUMBIA COUNTY

9 (010-238-1) F 8361 680 1942 C -79.60 -97.02
1948 1957

DADE COUNTY

F45 B 85 --- 1939 C +3.9 +1.6
1960 1960

I79 B 77 -- 1940 C +6.0 +0.9
1958 1945

I240 B 60 -- 1939 C --

7319 B 17 13 1940 C +5.4 +0.5
1958 1945


-3.00 -0.43


+7.4 +10.6


+10.8 +13.6


2.40 1.92


1.6 2.0


3.1 1.8


-19.87 -15.01 2.00


-48.58 -45.38 1.79


+21.3


-51.06


-35.70


-59.33




+11.34


+22.24


+2.60


-1.97


-6.4


+26.1


-49.43


-31.53


-59.80




+12.96


+23.10


+0.73


-3.02


-5.9


3.0


2.00


1;82


2.16




3.54


3.90


3.95


3.58


5.7


-92.93 -90.30 1.84 8.51


-2.32


+1.97


.--


+2.30


+2.28


+2.42


3.15


3.05


2.87


+2.73 +2.77 1.89 1.81 M


10.57


14.05




2.4


4.40


6.12


4.72


M


M


M; Naples well
field-

B


2.18


3.67


3.36


3.75


5.2


3.05


2.48


3.57


M; R, 1959


M


M; R, 1961
Rt..








INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52 7



S Water level above (+) or below (-) land surface
S(feet)
4 a. Prior to 1963 Highest water
Well number ay or June level in May Annual Remarks
Sw 0 M ay o jr Jor June Range
Ss High ly 1963 1964 1963 1964
4 0) S'- fa (year) (year)




7358 B 54 --- 1940 C +6.70 -0.04 +1.27 +2.30 6.10 4.31 M
1954 1962

G3 B 20 11 1940 C +3.00 -0.50 40.08 -0.16 3.25 4.17 M; P
1958 1951

G10 B 6 6 1940 C +6.00 +0.50 +2.76 +3.00 2.50 3.31 M
1958 1945

SG39 B 6 6 1939 C +7.20 +0.94 +2.33 +2.73 3.19 3.07 M; P
1958 1962

G72 B 5 4 1940 C +6.50 +1.20 +3.85 +5.11 2.89 1.81 H
1958 1945

G476 B 24 19 1947 C +5.50 +0.40 +1.38 +1.33 2.15 1.65 H
1958 1950656

0553 B 91 79 1947 C +8.60 +0.97 +2.42 +2.53 5.44 2.71 M; Casing
1958 1962 slotted 36'-79'

G580A B 22 4 1960 C -4.84 +0.95 +2.32 +1.98 3.45 2.86 M
1961 1962

G595 B 14 11 1949 C +8.50 -1.88 +2.09 +1.46 6.34 3.30 H; P
1958 1962

G596 B 13 11 1949 C +8.40 +2.11 +2.68 +3.56 5.45 4.09 M
1958 1962

G613 B 21 18 1950 C +5.50 -0.98 +1.98 +2.50 6.50 3.87 M
1954658 1962

G614 B 20 18 1950 C +8.20 +0.37 +1.50 +2.28 7.80 4.53 M
1958 1962

G618 B 20 11 1950 C +8.40 +2.84 +5.01 +5.60 2.99 2.04 M
1958 1962

G619 B 12 6 1950 C +8.30 44.3 +6.83 +7.29 2.53 1.96 H
1958 1956

G620 B 16 6 1950 C +7.0 +3.6 +5.81 +5.62 3.83 2.13 M
1958 1952

G757A B 20 10 1957 C +9.30 +1.50 +1.90 +2.80 6.96 4.35 M
1958 1962

G789 B 20 10 1956 C +7.30 +1.15 +1.80 +3.65 6.97 6.04 M
1958 1962

G799 B 20 10 1956 C +7.80 +1.65 +2.82 +2.80 3.62 3.53 M; P
1958 1962

G850 B 20 10 1959 C +2.30 +1.20 +2.40 --- 3.61 --- M
1960 1959

G851 B 18 11 1959 C +2.90 +1.80 +3.63 +4.15 1.95 3.00 M
1960 1959

G852 B 20 10 1959 C +2.40 +0.40 +2.20 +2.87 3.75 4.30 H
1960 1959

0855 B 20 10 1958 C --- -9.10 -8.10 -7.70 4.70 3.8 8
1962

0857 B 19 135 1959 C +3.70 +1.30 +2.40 +2.75 3.88 3.10 H
1960 1962

C858 B 20 11 1959 C +6.30 +1.82 +2.65 +2.70 6.25 2.95 H
1960 1962








DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


S? Water level above (+) or below (-) land surface
a I" a (feet)
S Prior to 1963 Highest water
Well number 0au .Jun level in May Annual
a a a: May or June
Sor June Range
S196 1963 196
1 S.. 0. s igh a 0 6 1964 1963 1964
.C noZ-' a'. e(year) (year) 96


G859


G860


G861


G863


G864


G865


G968


G968A


G970


C972


G973


G974


G975


G976


G978


C1045


G1165


G1166


G1133


NP44


MP46


IP57


8P62

NP67


11 1959 c +5.8
1960

11 1959 C +5.0
1960

11 1961 C ---


6 1961 C ---


11 1959 C +5.3
1959

13 1959 C +1.8
1960

--- 1960 C -


--- 1961 C --


10 1958 C +4.0
1960

10 1958 C +5.5
1960

10 1958 C 44.5
1960

10 1958 C +5.4
1960

10 1958 C +6.9
1960

10 1958 C +6.0
1960

10 1958 C +6.7
1960

12 1960 C +2.3
1960

11 1961 C ---


I 11 11 1961 C +5.60 --- +4.75 +5.80 3.23 2.92 H; Do
1962

S 25 --- 1961 C --- -1.00 +2.35 +1.73 4.25 1.95 M; Do
1962

S 33 --- 1960 C 44.50 +0.2 +3.08 +3.75 6.35 4.60 M
1961 1960

B 25 --- 1960 C +1.3 -0.30 +0.85 +1.55 3.83 2.55 M
1960 1962

B 54 8 1961 C --- -0.05 -1.10 --- 3.75 --- M
1962

a 20 9 1962 C --- --- --- +2.58 --- 2.74 M; R, Oct. 196

B 20 6 1962 C +2.88 --- +1.99 +1.70 4.20 2.25 M; Do
1962

a 20 6 1962 C --- --- +4.05 --- 4.55 M; Do


+1.20 +1.90 +2.12 6.20 4.35 M
1962

+1.15 +2.02 +1.70 4.17 3.58 M
1962

+2.25 +2.90 +4.05 4.78 3.95 M; R, Nov. 1961
1962

+1.49 +1.95 +3.90 6.03 5.14 M; Do
1962

+0.45 +1.43 +2.30 6.52 4.27 M
1962

+0.9 +1.70 +1.85 2.00 1.49 M
1960

+3.05 +3.87 +5.45 2.55 2.47 M
1962

+3.60 +3.85 +5.80 3.24 3.92 M; R, Nov. 1961
1962

+2.18 +3.52 --- 2.25 1.66 M
1962

+3.50 +3.80 +5.37 2.76 2.27 M
1962

+1.68 +2.93 +3.04 2.71 2.51 M
1962

+2.68 +4.05 +4.56 3.22 2.78 M
1962

+4.20 44.28 +4.95 3.29 2.85 M
1962

+2.90 +4.10 +4.61 2.85 2.38 M
1962

+2.90 +4.23 +44.25 2.92 2.73 N
1962

+1.51 +2.21 --- 1.61 --- M
1962

+1.45 +3.17 +3.65 3.26 3.07 M; R, Oct. 1961
1962


1M72








INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


Well number


I Water level above
0 bo 0
Prior to 1963
I j S May or June

SS Q S (D High Low
CZ S^ 0 W (year) I(year)


S(+) or below (-) land surface
(feet)
Highest water
level in Hay Annual
or June Range
1963 1964 1963 1964



+2.86 +2.58 1.69 2.08


+0.60 40.68 3.54 3.52


-1.84 -1.44 2.88 4.06


+1.98 +1.80 3.63 2.03


+1.15 +2.35 8.28 5.33




+ 32 05 +-n or n z on


S18 B 52 --- 1939 C +3.2 +0.10
1942 1945
S19 B 95 91 1939 C +7.3 -1.30
1958 1962
s68 B 61 51 1939 C +3.2 -2.97
1958 1962
S182 B 51 --- 1"940 C +9.5 0.0
1958 1945
S196A B 20 --- 1932 C +8.5 -1.0
1958 1945

DESOTO COUNTY

703-157-1 F,H 468 189 1962 B --- +25.0
1962
704-147-1 F,H 460 112 1962 C --- +5.26
1962
720-148-1 F,H 478 137 1962 C -

DIXIE COUNTY
15 (937-306-1) F 215R 105 1957 B -2.77 -9.12
1959 1962

DUVAL COUNTY
12 (019-140-1) F 785R --- 1938 B +27.5 +15.1
1947 1962
18 (018-140-1) F --- --- 1938 B +39.9 +20.1
1947 1962
102 (019-133-1) F 875R 400 1930 B +6.4 -20.94
1931 1)62
107 (023-136-1) F -- --- 1939 B +53.2 +34.4
1939 1962

115 (016-142-1) F 729R 476 1930 B +36.2 +11.6
1938 1962
118 (018-143-1) F 900R --- 1939 B +32.9 +11.9
1947 1962

122 (023-138-1) F 905R 571 1930 M +44.9 +25.6
1947 1962
123-(019-142-1) F 1,075R --- 1930 B +39.0 +15.7
1931 1962

129 (015-141-1) F 600R 470 1940 B 440.4 +17.4
1947 1962
145 (028-137-1) F -- --- 1940 B +24.2 +5.58
1947 1962
149 (024-136-1) F 800R --- 1940 B +25.7 +9.8
1947 1962
151 (023-139-1) F 700R 560 1940. B +43.4 +31.0
1952 1962

152 (027-133-1) F 642R --- 1940 B +29.9 +19.6
1952 1962


+3.85


-10.53


4.46


7.41


-9.10 -5.00 2.72


+18.0


+24.7


-18.39


+35.0


+15.6


+14.-B


+25.4


+18. 3


+21.4


+4.97


+8.8


+32.4


+19.6


+22.0


+28.1


-12.90


+40.4


+19.8


+19..8


+30.6


+23.1


+26.6


+9.7


+11.6


+36.8


+24.0


3.48


7.6


8.4


5.62


3.2


6.4


3.6


3.6


3.0


6.8


3.13


3.6


2.4


3.0


154 (013-135-1) F 625R 461 1940 B +29.6 +10.5 +12.3 +17.5 4.2 3.2 S
1947 1962


Remarks


M; P


M; P


L; M; P


M


M


+3.90


-12.60








10 DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


I Water level above (+) or below (-) land surface
S %4 a (feet)
-. Prior to 1963 Highest water
WelL number or June levef in May Annual Remarks
a 51 n Ma or Jum or June Range
0 " a High"I 1
a. 5.S S ay 1963 1964 1963 1964
< n-' a'-' a b. C (year) (year)




160 (018-123-1) F 585R 357 1934 B +41.7 +20.2 +23.9 +28.9 6.0 4.2 S, T.
1934 1962

164 (025-125-1) F 840R 450 1930 8 +43.8 +25.8 +26.9 +30.5 3.6 0.6 S, T
1931 1962

206 (015-145-1) F 1.920R 1,000 1941 C -2.06 -16.75 --- -12.95 2.30 5.03 S
1948 1962

262 (026-135-1) F 1,393R 584 1951 B +37.0 +23.5 +23.4 +28.0 2.6 3.6 S, T
1951 1962

263 (026-135-2) F 1,025R 850 1951 B +35.5 +24.2 +24.0 +28.6 3.0 1.8 S, T
1952 1962

264 (026-135-3) F 700R 450 1951 B +35.3 +23.2 +23.2 +28.0 2.6 1.6 S, T
1952 1962

265 (025-136-1) F 556R --- 1951 8 +39.4 +22.3 +19.4 +33.6 9.0 4.2 S, T
1952 1962

ESCAMBIA COUNTY

39 (023-716-2) G 244 --- 1940 M -4.59 -12.00 -12.16" -10.66 5.16 10.68
1940 1955

45 (036-719-1) G 152 129 1940 C -69.30 -111.82 -100.60 -103.98 3.03 1.57 P
1941 1956

46 (031-716-1) C 239 239 1939 W -58.09 -82.12 -73.27 -67.22 2.43 6.79
1948 1956

62 (024-715-I) G 142R 142 1940 C -6.50 -23.84 -12.96 -11.00 4.13 5.41
1949 1955

62A (024-715-2) G 18 18 1940 W -10.22 -13.05 -11.12 -8.66 0.75 3.26
1944 1962

73 (035-715-3) G 306 198 1951 C -39.03 -56.66 -52.65 -53.90 5.26 4.07 P
1953 1958

74 (036-716-1) G 352 350* 1951 C -77.37 -89.52 -87.97 -86.53 1.59 2.74 P*Screened from
1952 1959 260 to 270 feet
and 340 to 350 feet
83 (035-714-3) G 301 --- 1954 C -36.10 -42.45 -37.97 -40.38 7.09 4.19 P
1955 1962

026-713-5 C 149 144* 1959 W -58.15 -60.35 -63.57 -59.92 2.20 4.82 *Screened from
1960 1962 144 to 149 feet

026-713-6 G 65 60* 1959 W -51.78 -52.56 -56.81 -53.75 2.99 5.72 *Screened from
1960 1962 60 to 65 feet

032-724-1 G 170 165* 1959 M -91.18 -91.93 -93.04 -92.20 1.35 1.73 *Screened from
1960 1962 165 to 170 feet




054-726-1 G 206 201* 1959 B -82.95 -89.48 -87.90 -90.06 2.98 3.00 *Screened from
1962 1959 201 to 206 feet

054-726-2 G 107 102* 1959 B -65.21 -74.92 -72.50 -76.15 3.79 4.78 *Screened from
1962 1959 102 to 107 feet

FIAGLER COUNTY


14 (927-115-1) F 417 --- 1936 B -3.4 -8.19 -7.55
1937 1962


-6.62 2.32 2.11










INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


44 (928-122-1)


10 (950-439-1)


31 (943-458-1)


947-446-1


957-443-1


SWater level above (
D t so 0
U U Prior to 1963 I
S0. S. S2 May or June
W LS SSu High Low
0 gd Z, &S (year) (year)


F 159 --- 1956 B -7.67 -13.42
1959 1962
FRANKLIN COUNTY
F 380R --- 1958 B -1.80 -4.45
1961 1962

F --- --- 1949 B +3.95 40.40
1950 1952

F 98R --* 1961 B ---- -11.26
1962

F --- --- 1961 B --- +2.97
1962

GADSDEN COUNTY

F 406R --- 1961 B --- -90.96
1962

F 525R 381 1961 B --- -143.96
1962

GULF COUNTY

F 522 475 1946 C -7.11 -27.22
1956 1950

F 595 487 1961 B --- +1.29
1962

F 578R 248 1961 B --- -10.0
1962

HAMILTON COUNTY

F 273R 60 1961 B --- -101.78
1962

HARDEE COUNTY

F 450 39 1962 C --- -33.60
1962

HENDRY COUNTY

S 10 8 1941 +0.3 -5.76
C 1958 1962

S 13 8 1941 C -0.81 -6.3
1959 1956

HERNANDO COUNTY

F 140R --- 1961 B --- -20.46
1962

HIGHLANDS COUNTY

S 26 22 1948 C +130.4 +126.0
1953 1949

S 45 41 1948 C +90.7 +83.9
1958 1956

S 10 8 1956 C +48.3 +43.71
1957 1962

S 20 16 1948 C +28.9 +20.57
1957 1962

S 35 29 1948 C +122.19 +114.7
1960 1951


-91.40







-9.40


+0.96


+9.5


+) or below (-)
(feet)
highest water
Levef in May
or June
1963 1964


-11.38 -9.31


-2.33 -0.35


+1.75 +3.4


-11.35 -9.67


+3.87 44.87


-90.76 9.86


--- 1.71




-7.82 3.31


+0.99 0.62


--- 4.5


2.15


1.15


-107.05 -84.73 11.03 23.83




-33.24 -29.56 11.08 16.00


-1.15 -2.62 3.95


-3.42 -3.29 1.73


4.33


2.7


035-435-1


039-425-1




30 (948-518-1)


33 (939-521-1)


34 (006-511-1)




036-305-1




731-145-1




3


5




838-215-1




9


10


11A


13


+128.32


+88.45


446.37


+24.16


+129.34


+87.06


+47.99


+23.72


+120.25 +118.75 2.73 2.28 M


Remarks


P, prior to
1954


-19.35 -16.30 1.55 3.72


--- P; D, 1964


land surface


Annual
Range
1963 1964



7.13 2.72


2.43 3.27


0.65 1.20


1.03 1.22


0.90 1.00


-








12 DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


Water level above (+) or below (-) land surface
a a e (feet)
1 Prior to 1963 Highest water
ell number May or June level in ay Annual Remarks
,: r 1: 3 a H or June Range
y a Ur) (y ar) L 1963 1964 1963 1964
0 C. E (year) (year)






15 S 23 19 1948 C +58.3 +53.8 +56.67 +54.65 3.49 3.96 M
1953 1956

440 S 22 18 1956 C +116.9 +111.3 +113.9 +113.1 1.7 3.9 M
1958 1962.

HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY

13 (807-230-3) F 347 46 1930 C -6.70 -12.72 -13.24 -15.76 6.76 6.95 P
1931 1962

30 (744-225-39) F 500R 34 1950 C +8.70 +1.66 +3.56 +7.53 6.94 5.03 P
1959 1952

500 (742-219-1) F 330 97 1951 B -50.82 -57.98 -56.85 -56.54 5.10 4.63 Recorder re-
1958 1956 moved 1/10/6

751-203-1 F 211 65 1957 B -42.52 -61.05 -61.35 -55.53 9.58 10.12
1958 1962

801-213-15 F 417R 67 1958 C +0.55 -10.04 -4.61 -4.08 4.99 5.48
1959 1962

HOIZES COUNTY

4 (043-556-1) F 187R --- 1938 B +4.92 +1.82 +2.80 +6.90 1.82 2.40
1960 1956

7 (058-535-1) F 205R 170 1938 B -8.09 -15.66 -13.35 -11.18 0.83 1.67
1949 1956

7A (058-535-2) NA 13 10* 1960 B -3.83 -5.99 -8.34 -1.34 4.06 5.57 *Screened fr
1960 1961 10 to 13 feet

050-548-1 F --- --- 1961 B --- +3.90 +1.40 +5.5 3.07 2.40
1962

051-556-I F 260R --- 1961 B --- -205.76 -209.10 -205.20 6.12 4.81
1962

052-545-2 F 300R --- 1961 B --- +13.8 +11.2 +17.6 2.4 3.0
1962

INDIAN RIVER COUNTY

25 S 19 13 1950 C +30.2 +25.4 +26.62 +27.98 5.02 3.13 M
1957 1956

JACKSON COUNTY

23 (042-453-1) F 475R 100 1950 B -22.54 -38.15 -26.60 -17.37 2.39 7.21
1958 1951

044-506-1 F 210 94 1961 B --- -76.05 -76.79 -62.98 5.60 16.67
1962

046-515-1 F 180 --- 1961 B --- -99.78 -102.95 -86.82 5.00 17.58
1962

053-527-1 F 341 260 1961 B --- -86.70 -87.20 -77.72 13.20 11.40
1962

058-503-1 F 83 --- 1955 B --- -26.53 -29.11 -14.98 3.29 10.41
1962
JEFFERSON COUNTY

022-356-1 F 216 169 1960 S -140.57 -142.62 --- -139.57 --- 3.32
1960 1962









INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


00
SWater level above (+) or below (-) land surface
ca s 44 M (feet)
n Prior to 1963 Highest water
Well number o y or June level" in May Annual Remarks
....- -- W S May or June
U. .3 = n. m_ or June Range
( ). rr u High 4 1
S ~,r CU ( 1963 1964 1963 1964
< 0:V 4 z (year) (year)


038-336-1




008-317-1


958-312-1




18 (857-138-1)


20 (900-123-1)


22 (909-131-1)


822-149-1


822-149-2


832-154-1


832-154-2


841-156-1




246


414




7 (027-416-1)


36A (037-410-2)


115 (031-420-1)


024-420-1


024-420-2


026-417-1


034-407-1


-22.92 --- 6.44


39.16 -35.53 4.83


-7.61 -4.23 3.45


F 183 147 1960 S -19.10 -24.36
1960 1960

LAFAYETTE COUNTY

F 106 --- 1961 B --- -44.04
1962

F 146 112 1961 B --- -8.89
1962

LAKE COUNTY

F 190R --- 1936 B -50.52 -59.82
1960 1957

F 252R --- 1936 B +9.9 +5.52
1942 1956

F 254R --- 1936 B -0.80 -3.54
1959 1962

F 192 100 1959 S -1.80 -5.25
1960 1962

S 23 18 1959 S -0.36 -4.54
1960 1962

F 160 63 1959 C -1.88 -5.47
1960 1962

S 30 17 1959 C -1.65 -5.03
1960 1962

F 754 483 1961 B --- -22.82
1962

LEE COUNTY

S 27 19 1945 C +19.13 +10.5
1959 1949

H 94 60 1948 C +18.8 +11.1
1957 1955

LEON COUNTY

F 314 165 1945 C -149.05 -169.91
1948 1955

H 41 38* 1935 M -1.42 -33.14
1948 1956

F 194 104 1950 B -76.9 -93.3
1959 1957

S 57 57 1960 C -7.88 -13.64
1960 1962

S 15 12* 1960 B -4.98 -6.19
1960 1962

F 296 106 1960 M -74.64 -77.26
1961 1962

F 231 --- 1960 C -163.92 -170.70
1960 1962


-58.52 0.41


+6.9 1.95


-0.72 1.89


-2.85 0.33


-2.73 0.94


-2.70 --


-1.66 ---


--- 1.20




+14.72 4.18


+15.54 6.92




-159.12 5.02


-7.45 11.99


-83.8 3.1


-11.40 3.15


--- 1.56


-74.40 2.76


-173.24 -168.15


4.11


28.00


3.10




3.28


1.2


1.93


0.69


1.28


3.08


3.57


2.49




5.68 M; P


4.70 h; P




12.05 P


17.56 *Screened from
38 to 41 feet

10.0


10.21


5.66 *Well point 12
to 15 feet

5.57


7.98 Recorder re-
moved 1964


+5.45


-3.82


-3.61


-1.65








-23.01




+16.57


+18.40




-163.73


-18.80


-87.4


-15.81


-9.32


-78.37








DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


r Water level above (+) or below (-) land surface
10 (feet)
a Prior to 1963 Highest water
Well number a. or 0 un level in May Annual Remarks
S ( -a' a 16. M May or June
*W U- V or June Range
no. gCU6s u a High L 1963 16 164
a".r 1963 ya 1964 1963 11964
,1CIY -a cc b (year) [year)


LEVY COUNTY

902-241-1 F 58 --- 1961 B --- -8.34
1962

919-245-1 F 96R --- 1961 B -- -0.55
1962

LIBERTY COUNTY

14 (001-459-1) F --- --- 1955 B -4.68 -7.12
1961 1961


15 (022-841-I) F 395 242 1960 C -23.05 -25.96
1961 1962

010-440-1 F 118 89 1961 B +7.2 +6.8
1962 1961

023-447-1 F 160R --- 1961 B +2.90 +2.8
1962 1961

028-456-1 F 360 --- 1961 B -84.73 -85.64
1961 1962

MADISON COUNTY

17 (028-325-1) F 320 300 1953 B -20.16 -38.12
1959 1955

18 (028-325-2) F 322 307 1952 C -18.18 -34.87
1960 1955

MANATEE COUNTY

92 (726-218-1) F 600 154 1941 B -37.10 -52.65
1947 1962

MARION COUNTY

5 (911-159-1) F 135R 135 1933 C +13.62 +3.35
1960 1957

47 (902-156-1) F 179 --- 1936 B -13.84 -24.26
1960 1956

48 (859-150-1) F 152 --- 1936 B -0.82 -10.23
1961 1956


49 (910-138-1) F 175 --- 1936 B -25.0 -31.19
1942 1957

51 (911-210-1) F 106 --- 1935 B -26.04 -34.39
1960 1956

MARTIN COUNTY

140 S 31 20 1950 C +20.2 +15.77
1957 1961

147 S 74 73 1952 C +9.8 +2.12
1958 1962

928 S 11 10 1957 C +32.4 +28.40
1957 1962


-7.99 -5.80 1.31 6.89


-0.65 -0.68 0.06 0.02




-6.62 -3.60 3.17 2.23


-24.91


+8.-60


+3.40


-85.50


-21.81


+13.0


+4.80


-83.82


3.38


1.8


1.25


0.40


-34.04 --- 3.93


-28.59 -17.16 5.34


3.09


4.0


1.70


1.88




20.43


19.10


-49.35 -46.76 9.52 2.41 S


+5.99


-22.53


-7.35


+9.24


-19.55


-5.75


1.16


0.97


0.68


-30.53 -28.37, 1.10


-32.89 -29.11 1.58


+18.89


+2.28


+28.05


+18.40


44.61


+30.90


4.19


6.09


2.40


8.57


6.44


4.42



3.38


11.11




3.27


6.45


2.80


15 14 1957 C +23.4


+21.05 +20.40 +21.60 4.20 3.60 M


1960 1962


Well flowed
April 1960 -
April 1961


M


M; P


M









INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


580R 350 1939 B


680R --- 1939 B


640R --- 1939 B


191 --- 1939 B


1,00OR 450 1934 B


569R --- 1940 B


580R --- 1940 B


540R 504 1940 B


2 (035-127-2)


8 (032-126-1)


12 (038-127-1)


27 (040-126-1)


44 (037-136-1)


50 (036-142-1)


51 (033-150-1)


55 (037-130-1)




3 (024-636-1)


23 (034-626-1)


25 (038-631-1)


27 (030-635-2)


29 (035-637-1)


31 (037-645-1)


34 (028-629-1)




2


3




47 (832-128-1)


47B (832-128-3)


47C (832-128-4)


500 1936


409 1947


456 1947


422 1948


524 1947


527 1948


--- 1947


1949


1948




1930


1948


1948


NASSAU COUNTY

442.0 +20.8
1947 1962

+41.1 +20.6
1947 1962

+24.0 -17.23
1947 1956

+10.1 -26.10
1946 1957

+19.8 +0.26
1947 1962

-40.5 +22.1
1940 1962

+42.0 +26.2
1947&48 1962

+33.1 +8.5
1947 1957

OKALOOSA COUNTY

+20.1 -70.26
1950 1962

-93.3 -115.0
1948 1961

-108.1 -124.8
1949 1962

-27.9 -65.2
1951 1962

-102.3 -126.4
1948 1962

-46.8 -66.5
1948 1962

+26.6 -9.22
1950 1962

OKEECHOBEE COUNTY

+46.7 +38.82
1957 1962

+61.3 +56.7
1959 1950

ORANGE COUNTY

-2.22 -14.30
1960 1962

+3.04 -10.01
1960 1962

-27.47 -39.35
1960 1953


+18.4 +24.6 4.4 2.0


+21.4 +26.0 3.0 1.2


-18.26 -7.93 22.15 3.89


-29.34 -23.06 9.97 13.41


-2.13 --- 3.05 ---


+19.8 +21.0 4.0 0.8


+25.2 +29.8 1.8 3.3


+4.9 +12.1 3.6 2.8


-72.19


-125.2


-127.5


-64.0


-127.0


-68.8


-7.04


-52.99 40.20 40.25 S


--- --- --- s


-126.6 1.7 2.8 S


--- 2.2 4.1 S


-126.8 3.9 3.0 S


-68.8 2.2 1.6 S


-1.80 13.26 12.80 S


+42.87 +42.77 3.34


+59.98 +60.60 3.60


-11.11


-9.46


-35.68


-8.86


-6.77


-32.96


5.83


2.71


2.29


3.68 M


2.99 M




7.01


4.48


1.48


F 492 151 1960 M -26.51 -28.33
1961 1962


800R


652R


609R


591R


766R


690R


540




21


22




350


17


50


832-105-1


-28.67 -25.64 .4.30 3.75 E








DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


Water level above (+) or below (-) land surface
P t (feet)
S Prior to 1963 Highest water
S ay or J level in May Annual
eJ may or June
S_ or June Range
oUs 0 High 16 1963 1964
(year) (year)964 1963 1964


1950


1949


1948


1949


1948




1944


1948


1950


1950


1951


1956




1934


1959


+31.26


+46.82


+74.99


+61.02


+71.10




+5.80


+7.07


+17.51


+16.86


-3.7


-2.65


+31.20


+46.90


+76.25


+60.86


+73.04


4.25


3.18


4.28


3.17


4.03


OSCEOIA COUNTY

+32.1 +27.8
1957 1956

+47.1 +43.27
1960 1962

+77.9 +71.72
1957 1962

+61.3 +56.7
1957 1950

+73.2 +68.3
1957 1956

PALM BEACH COUNTY

+8.6 +3.6
1948 1956

+10.0 +5.5
1957 1956

+17.00 +14.30
1957 1951

+18.9 +15.0
1957 1956

-2.6 -6.0
1962 1962

-2.10 -4.3
1957 1960

PASCO COUNTY

-4.77 -10.1
1959 1945

-9.97 -22.75
1960 1962

PINELLAS COUNTY

-8.29 -10.70
1948 1950

-64.41 -68.01
1959&60 1949

-26.56 -29.53
1959 1962

-12.18 -18.34
1951 1953

-25.12 -28.72
1948 1956

-1.53 -4.24
1948 1962

-20.12 -24.55
1959 1955

-53.32 -56.68
1959 1955


-7.20 -6.41


-18.76 ---


-9.14


-65.69


-28.35


-12.64


-26.78


-3.6


-21.58


-54.59


3.55


3.15


4.90


3.65


3.39


4.60 M


4.33 M


--- M; D, 1964


2.46 M


3.1 B


--- B; D, 1964


3.69


4.19


-8.93 1.15


--- 1.70


--- 1.78


-10.74 4.29


-25.98 1.81


--- 2.12


-21.31 1.61


--- 1.73


1.72 T


--- D, 1964


D, 1963


5.21


2.13 T


--- D, 1964


2.30


--- D, 1964


Well number


+6.36 4.18


+8.15 4.28


--- 2.6


+18.01 3.59


-3.6 3.5


--- 1.85


13 (315-226-1)


826-211-1




13 (808-245-1)


77 (804-245-1)


105 (803-246-1)


166 (800-247-1)


246 (758-247-1)


561 (750-240-1)


665 (758-244-4)


667 (759-243-1)


33 1947


--- 1947


25 1947


--- 1945


--- 1945


--- 1947


81 1954


--- 1954


r
9)
ur

~(y~
~r~p)
crlru
~lnY








INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52 17


aI Water level above (+) or below (-) land surface
m I. u (feet)
Prior to 1963 Highest water
Well number S May or June level in May Annual Remarks
u. 4 .- o u. m I, or June Range
n 0.5 S .S uS S e SS High Low 16 o
41 ( a ( e ) 1963 1964 1963 1964
SS e (year) (year)


POLK COUNTY

44 (810-136-1) F 195 81 1945 C -1.70 -5.74 -4.37 -2.48 1.80 1.89
1960 1962

45 (759-158-1) F 643 325 1948 M -63.65 -84.82 -79.17 -78.86 5.93 11.20 g
1948 1962

47 (810-136-2) S 67 60 1948 C +111.7 +106.9 +108.26 +109.52 1.22 3.01 M
1960 1962

48 (732-131-1) S 62 59 1949 C +100.8 +96.2 +96.97 +97.45 0.84 2.41 M
1954 1956

49 (748-119-1) S 17 14 1949 C +104.7 +98.99 +100.99 +101.80 3.72 3.50 M
1957 1962

51 (744-131-1) H 319 208 1949 C -5.08 -17.25 -11.80 -11.86 12.85 8.94 P
1958 1962

753-158-311 F 710 237 1955 C -15.88 -38.57 -33.25 -29.10 10.43 13.29 S
1958 1962
802-132-1 F 463 137 1959 B --- -7.65 -11.68 -10.15 1.97 1.99
1961

805-145-2 F 311 82 1956 B -15.18 -25.64 -21.07 -19.56 4.95 3.92
1959 1962

805-155-3 H 72 62 1955 B -12.52 -21.73 -18.15 -16.52 4.24 3.64
1959 1962

806-156-1 S 11 8* 1955 B -3.69 -8.86 -9.73 -7.91 1.35 3.38 *Screened from
1959 1962 8 to 11 feet

806-156-2 H 103 63 1956 B -16.89 -29.66 -23.58 -23.99 5.09 4.65
1959 1962

PUTNAM COUNTY

28 (925-138-1) F 159 --- 1936 B -6.2 -9.81 -9.76 -7.33 2.03 2.26
1944 1962
29 (939-138-1) F 300R --- 1936 B +10.8 +2.02 +2.37 +5.92 2.93 2.90
1936&47 1962

937-153-1 F 303R 300, 1934 B -29.51 -35.65 -32.74 -30.26 1.12 1.68
1961 1957
939-134-11 F 547 113 1958 B 44.26 -1.75 +0.06 +2.10 6.80 1.31
1959 1962
943-152-1 H 124 --- 1956 B -43.20 -46.66 -46.18 -44.14 1.86 2.46
1961 1957

ST. JOHNS COUNTY

5 (007-123-1) F 350R 180 1934 B 443.9 +35.0 +33.8 +38.0 2.2 5.0
1951 1962

8 (005-129-1) P 336R 240 1934 B +36.5 +23.3 +22.7 +24.3 1.2 1.8
1947 1962

9 (953-118-1) F 1,400 170 1930 B +34.2 +19.5 -- -- -- -- D, 1962
1947 1962

000-123-2 F 258 --- 1957 B +4.72 -0.57 +0.27 +2.66 4.65 2.01
1959 1962

937-122-1 F 622 142 1958 C -17.30 -21.68 -21.51 -19.10 3.30 3.02
1959 1962







DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


Sa Water level above
'a 0
1 1 Prior to 1963
.o 0 0 0
S. S May or June
) a a
-= "C 6 S ^ High Lov
-c .9- A c I (year) (year)


+10.1 +1.52
1959 1962

-1.55 -10.86
1958 1962

ST. LUCIE COUNTY

+28.2 +25.2
1957 1956

+26.9 +23.76
1951 1961

SANTA ROSA COUNTY

-80.1 -91.3
1948 1957

-4.43 -9.52
1960 1955

-82.84 -85.77
1961 1959

+4.83 +2.11
1961 1959


(+) or below (-) land surface
(feet)
Highest water
levef in May Annual
or June Range
1963 11964 1963 1964


+3.69 +5.6 12.25 3.00


-6.99 -6.23 20.04 2.96


+27.56


+25.06




-87.7


-7.26


-89.10


+1.28


+26.86


+25.12




-85.5


-4.00


-85.94


+4.00


2.41


3.97




1.7


2.39


1.84


1.57


3.17


3.59




5.1


4.41


5.85


3.26


041-649-1 G 98 93+ 1959 B -56.34 -59.72
1960 1961

SARASOTA COUNTY

9 (719-225-1) F 730K 101 1930 C +4.51 -9.36
1931 1962

SEMINOLE COUNTY

125 (841-122-1) F 158 74 1951 C -34.18 -42.60
1960 1962

257 (847-113-6) F 206 --- 1951 B +5.10 +0.27
1953 1962

SUMMER COUNTY

852-201-1 P 125 45 1961 B ---

SUWANNEE COUNTY

019-249-1 F 138 135 1961 B --- -33.02
1962

TAYLOR COUNTY

35 (003-330-1) r 245 189 1946 C -1.00 -30.9
1949 1962

36 (004-331-1) S 35 --- 1947 C -5.10 -23.95
1948 1957

UNION COUNTY

001-224-1 256 198 1959 B -89.54 -92.57
1961 1962


-61.90 -61.30 2.62 6.20 *Screened frc
93 to 98 feet



-7.88 -3.10 8.78 5.12 S


--- -38.79


+1.09 +3.10


4.43


2.92


-33.26 -29.94 2.42 10.13



-35.31 -18.94 4.03 18.07


-24.0


-11.06


-16.2 7.1


-5.05 4.81


20.63 P


10.77 P


-93.57 -90.73 1.10 5.67


F 724 694 1958 C -86.92 -93.00 -92.69 -89.52 2.72 6.69
1959 1962


Well number


941-129-7


947-126-1


10 (032-648-1)


102 (021-709-8)


035-706-1


040-708-1


--- 1955


-- 1956




13 1950


13 1950




140 1947


31* 1950


206* 1959


123* 1959


M
H










*Screened frm
31 to 41 feet

*Screened frm
206 to 211 feet

*Screened frm
123 to 128 feet


007-222-1









INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


n Water level above (+) or below (-) land surface
e a u a (feet)
0 C o 60 0AU _
e u U Prior to 1963 Highest water
Well number y or Je level' in May Annual Remarks
e Z aor June Range
0 V W High I Low
S(yr) (yer) 1963 1964 1963 1964


VOLUSIA COUNTY


29 (911-125-1)


30 (917-128-1)


31 (856-105-1)


32 (919-125-1)


905-113-3


909-106-1


909-106-4


909-106-9


910-105-1


911-104-4


911-104-9




2 (009-412-1)


11 (000-426-1)


005-417-1


011-410-1




13 (022-606-1)


17 (029-607-2)


019-610-1


029-614-1


043-612-1


107


180R


113


138R


351


235


234


496


220


235


500




65


70


77


80


-- 1936


--- 1936


--- 1936


-- 1936


93 1955


102 1955


102 1955


480 1955


152 1955


115 1955


483 1955




22 1937


45 1946


-- 1961


--- 1961




--- 1936


--- 1947


188 1961


--- 1961


-11.86 -
1951

+11.2
1959

-4.72
1953

-1.2
1937&38

-0.22
1958

-5.25
1959

-4.95
1958

-6.62
1958

-12.84
1958

-15.72
1955

-10.26
1948

WAKULIA

-0.86
1958

-5.58
1955

-2.02
1961

-0.96
1961

WALTON

+15.8
1950

+30.7
1948


-.--


P DUV 323 1961 ---


-18.57
1962

+6.7
1948

-8.60
1962

-4.94
1962

-3.66
1956

-5.87
1955

-10.21
1962

-7.18
1960

-19.73
1962

-20.81
1958

-12.63
1956

COUNTY

-3.05
1951

-8.25
1960

-2.43
1962

-1.87
1962

COUNTY

+11.1
1956

+25.4
1957

+12.5
1962

+20.5
1962

-148.2
1962


-18.73


+8.2


-6.83


-5.11


-1.74


-8.07


-7.15


-9.55


-15.36


-25.85


-13.89




-2.15


-5.70


-3.48


-1.72




+10.6


+23.9


+11.6


+19.5


-146.0


-16.69


+10.0


-6.05


-2.86


-0.70


-6.25


-5.56


-7.71


-13.53


-21.82


-11.85




-1.42


-6.90


-1.13


-0.12




+13.1





+14.7


+21.0


-144.2


1.76


1.8


2.58


2.24


2.56


2.90


3.85


2.33


5.48


7.27


2.32




0.96


1.83


2.40


1.48




0.5


0.8


1.1


0.6


1.2


2.05


2.2


3.33


2.09


3.27


2.37


4.38


1.86


7.23


9.75


2.20




1.68


0.39


1.03


1.63




2.3


D, 1964


WASHINGTON COUNTY

4 (046-548-1) F 785R --- 1935 B -9.47 -15.09


F 206 202 1961 B


-14.05 -7.20 3.71 5.26


1953 1954

---19.65 -20.20 -13.72 2.07 4.31
1962


037-542-2






DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


period constitute a base for comparison from year to year. Highest
and lowest water levels of record for May or June prior to 1963 are
given in the table. Generally, highest and lowest levels are highest
daily levels if taken from recorder charts. The range of fluctuations
for 1963 and 1964 are shown under "Annual range"

WELL-NUMBERING SYSTEM

Two well-numbering systems are used in this report. 'Obser-
vation wells in Florida are numbered serially by counties and/or by
a grid-coordinate system on latitude and longitude of the well
location. Frequently, both numbers are assigned to a well e.g. a
well number may be shown as 20(008-537-2). This affords a tie-in
with water-level data published previously under well number 20
in Bay County with data that may be published for the same well
under number 008-537-2.
Some wells used in table 1 have numbers with a letter prefix
or suffix. In Broward and Dade counties, the letter prefixes G, S,
F, and NP denote Geological Survey wells, supply wells, fire
wells, and National Park Service wells, respectively. In Dade,
Escambia, Highlands, Holmes, and Leon counties, the letter
suffix A denotes a shallow well near a deeper well having the
corresponding number without the letter suffix. In Orange County,
the letter suffixes B and C denote shallow wells drilled in the
vicinity of well 47.
The grid-coordinate well-numbering system in Florida is
derived from latitude and longitude coordinates. The latitude and
longitude prefix north and west and the first digit of the degree
number are not included in the well number.
The well number is a composite of three numbers separated
by hyphens: the first number is composed of the last digit of the
degree and the two digits of the minute that define the latitude on
the south side of the 1-minute quadrangle; the second number is
composed of the last digit of the degree and two digits of the min-
utes that define the longitude on the east side of a 1-minute quad-
rangle; and, the third number gives the numerical order in which
the well was inventoried in the 1-minute quadrangle. For example,
well number 835-105-1 is the first well inventoried in the 1-minute
quadrangle north of the 28035' parallel of latitude and west of the
81005' meridian of longitude. The location of well 835-105-1 is
shown diagrammatically in figure 2.






INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


Figure 2. Well-numbering system.


28040'


28030' 1
81010


28037'




28035'
81


835
!





DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


PRINCIPAL AQUIFERS

Ground-water supplies for industrial, agricultural, and mun-
icipal use in Florida are available from three principal aquifers:
the Floridan aquifer in central and northern Florida; the Biscayne
aquifer in southeastern Florida; and, the sand-and-gravel aquifer
in the extreme northwestern part of Florida. The generalized
areal extent of the aquifers supplying most of the ground water
is shown in figure 1.
The Floridan ,aquifer, which underlies all of the State, is
the principal source of water in central, northern, and most of
northwestern Florida, as shown on figure 3. Highly mineralized


Figure 3. Map showing piezometric surface and areas of 'flow of the
Floridan Aquifer, in Florida, July 6-17, 1961.






INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


water precludes the usefulness of the Floridan aquifer as a source
of potable water in some coastal areas and in most of southern
Florida. In those areas, shallow artesian and nonartesian aquifers
are the source of supply.
The Biscayne aquifer in southeastern Florida is the chief
source of water supply for industries, municipalities, and irrig-
ation. This aquifer, one of the most highly productive aquifers in
the world, underlies about 3,500 square miles of Broward, Dade,
and Palm Beach counties. The usefulness of the Biscayne aquifer
is sharply restricted in areas adjacent to the coast because of the
presence of saline waters.
The sand-and-gravel aquifer in extreme northwestern Florida
is the principal source of water supply, yielding large quantities
of water for industries and municipalities. The aquifer underlies
all of Escambia and Santa Rosa counties and part of western
Okaloosa County.
This report of ground-water conditions has been divided into
four geographical areas as follows: (1) northwestern Florida,
(2) northern, northeastern, and north-central Florida; (3) central
Florida; and, (4) southern and southeastern coastal Florida.


NORTHWESTERN FLORIDA

Northwestern Florida as used here includes the Panhandle
region extending from the Apalachicola River westward to the
Florida-Alabama line, figure 4.
The principal sources of ground-water supply in the region
are the sand-and-gravel aquifer in Escambia and Santa Rosa
counties and the Floridan aquifer in the rest of the region. Minor
supplies of ground water are obtained from shallow nonartesian
aquifers.
The Florida Panhandle includes three rapidly growing areas
of industry and population: the Pensacola area, the Ft. Walton
Beach area, the Panama City area.

PENSACOLA AREA

The Pensacola area includes Escambia and Santa Rosa coun-
ties. This area, like many others in the State, is undergoing rapid
economic development. Industrial and municipal water uses are
increasing. Pumpage in the Pensacola area in 1964 was about five
times that in 1940. Figure 5 shows pumpage for the City of Pensa-
cola, 1933-64.

































Figure 4. Locations of observation wells in northwestern Florida for which hydrographs
are given.






INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


4,
8V00
o 200.- ________ ____ __________ --------------- S ------- ---v

0 3,400




1,00. .. . ..





60.
6' 6' -' i i n

Figure 5. Graph of total yearly pumpage, City of Pensacola.

The observation-well program in the Pensacola area began in
1939 as part of the investigation to determine the adequacy and
permanency of ground-water supply in Escambia County. Figure 4
shows locations of the observation wells selected from the hydro-
logic-data network for which hydrographs are given in this report,
and table 1 presents data on 13 wells in Escambia County and
5 wells in Santa Rosa County. Figure 6 shows fluctuations and
long-term trends of artesian water levels in the sand-and-gravel
aquifer in the Pensacola area from 1940 through 1964.
Comparison of the hydrographs for the period of record reveals
that while water levels at the end of 1964 declined in central
Escambia County, water levels in the southern part of the county
near the coast were above 1940 levels. Declines of artesian
water levels in the sand-and-gravel aquifer ranged from a maximum
of nearly 35 feet in well Escambia 45 at Cantonment to a minimum
of less than 2 feet in well Escambia 46 near Ensley during 1941-
64.
In the coastal area, at Pensacola, the artesian water level
in well Escambia 62, at the end of 1964, was about 2 feet above
the 1942 level. The trends and fluctuations of artesian ground-
water levels in well Escambia 62 and departures from monthly
average rainfall at Pensacola, 1960-64 are shown in figure 7.







DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


ESCAMNIA 45 DEPTH 152 FT. CASED 129 FT. SAND-AND-GRAVEL AQUIFER


(ARTESIAN)


68
70
72

76
79
80
82- --

84 -----
as---- -
88
90

94
96
96
100-
102 ---- ---
104
106--
108
110 -
i1 ----- -- - -

114 Wter levl is affected by pumping of nearby wells
16 I I I I I I I I I L I I I -


ESCAMBIA 46 DEPTH 239 FT. CASED 239 FT. SAND-AND-GRAVEL AQUIFER (ARTESIAN)
56

60
62
64
56 ----- ------ --- -- -
58------------ ----- ---- -- ---- -- -- --- -- --




62---- ---- ----- ----L---^-----------
T64- --------- -- --- 2^---_-_--_________ -
66

70



6o --- -- -
T0-----------^-------"------------
72--------------------
T4 \ -- --- - - ----







82
84
86-


6 ESCAMBIA 62 DEPTH 142 FT. CASED 142 FT. SAND-AND-GRAVEL AQUIFER (ARTESIAN)
I8 -
10


12
14
16
18
IO2 - - - --'- - _ _ _ _




24 ------ --- ---- -

28
30
32 ------ -----------
30 -------- --- --L ---- ----- -__--- --
32' - I -- I I I I - I I I -| | I I 1 1 1 1 - 1 1 I -


1940


1945


1950 1955


1960


1965 1970 1975


Figure 6. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels in
wells Escambia 45 at Cantonment, 46 near Ensley, and 62 at Pensacola,
Pensacola area.







INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


1961


1962


1961


Figure 7. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of
in well Escambia 62 and departures from monthly normal
at Pensacola, 1960-64.


water levels
precipitation


FT. WALTON AREA

The Ft. Walton area includes the Ft. Walton Beach area and
Eglin Air Force Base at Niceville. The rate of growth of industry
and population is accelerating. Pumpage from the Floridan aquifer
for all uses is about 10.0 mgd (million gallons per day). As a
result of continuing heavy pumping, water levels have declined in
about a 640 square-mile area.
The hydrograph of well Okaloosa 3 at Ft. Walton Beach,
figure 8, shows a maximum decline of 98.3 feet from 18.5 feet
above land surface in 1947 to 79.8 feet below land surface in
1964. In August 1936, the artesian water level was 46 feet above
land-surface datum. During the period from August 1936 to July


SAND-AND- GRAVEL AQUIFER (ARTESIAN)
12 D6OEPTH 142FT.






18 J FMAMIJ J AIS ONDJ F M MJ ASON JIJ IAISOND FMAMJ J IAS OND J FMAMJ JA S ON DJJ F.MAMJ ASOND


1960


1960







DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


OKALOOSA\ 25 DEPTH 609 FT. CAUSED 456 FT


FLORIDAN AQUIFER


Water level is affected by regional pumping




OKALOOSA 31 DEPTH 690 FT. CASED 527 FT FLORIDAN AQUIFER









o

4 Water level is affected by regional pumping

2
j '^ ^ -











8 = I l I I I I I I I H H : : = +


1975


1980


Figure 8. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels in
wells Okaloosa 3, 25, and 31, Ft. Walton Beach area.


28


*24
*20
*16
*12
*8

-4
0


z -12
-i -16
= -20
S -24
U.
n -25
z -32

-40


^ -52
-56

-6e


-72
-76
,-


i04
108
'" 112
SiP 116
_; 120
7 224

- 132
t136
t 140
144
14

4A
48
52
56


6C


0 s
S84
8
9


1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970






INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


1964, the water level in well Okaloosa 3 declined 125 feet, from
46 feet above land surface to 79 feet below land surface. The
areal extent of the decline in artesian levels in the vicinity of
Ft. Walton Beach is shown by the net change of water levels
map, figures 9 and 10. Water-level changes during 1951-62 are
shown by figure 9. Changes of groundwater levels for the current
period May 1962-64 are shown by figure 10.

PANAMA CITY AREA

The Panama City area includes 250 square miles in Bay
County, including Tyndall Air Force Base.
The Floridan aquifer supplies most of the water for munici-
pal, industrial, and military needs in the area. Figure 11 shows
total pumpage from the Panama City well fields at St. Andrews
and Millville for the period 1944-64. Pumpage of ground water for
municipal use declined from an average of 1,200 mgy (million
gallons per year) in 1961-62 to an average of 860 mgy in 1963-64.
To some extent, reduced pumpage by Panama City and a change
in locale of source of water by the pulp industry allowed water
levels to rise sharply during 1963-64. Instead of the usual fall
and winter rise of 2 to 7 feet, water levels rose 24 feet from 78
feet to 54 feet below land surface from June 1963 through Dec-
ember 1964. The alteration of the pattern of fluctuations of water
levels was probably also the result of above average annual rain-
fall in the area during 1964.
The long-term trends and fluctuations of ground-water levels
at Panama City are shown by the hydrograph of well Bay 7, figure
12. The decline of water level in well Bay 7 represents the max-
imum known decline in the area and is caused by pumping in near-
by wells. In August 1936, the water level in well Bay 7 was about
36 feet below land surface, while in June 1963, it was about 78
feet below land surface, a maximum decline of 42 feet.

NORTHERN AND NORTH-CENTRAL FLORIDA

Northern and north-central Florida as used in this report
extends from the Apalachicola River eastward to the Atlantic
Ocean and from the Georgia line southward to the latitude of
Ocala, figure 13, and includes 24 counties and parts of Levy
Marion, and Volusia counties. The Floridan aquifer is the prin-
cipal source of ground-water supply in areas along the coast in















A L A B A M A
... L. 0-' R~0~ ~ ~.~T- --- --

ESCAMBIA SANTA ROSA OKALOOSA WALTON __-n-ao
LLn of equl nMt change of ground
bv elr levels In the iForidan squi er,
S 'Interval 2 tot.,

LiLn of equal net change of ground. r
S qutfer. Interval 2 tIet.
Obtervation well and

991













Figure 9. Map showing net change of ground-water levels, Pensacola and Ft. Walton areas, May 1951 to
May 1962.












AS NTA R 0 S A


A B A M A mPIATIO
7- D '-;_---- -'-
L -DI LLine of equal net change of ground*
SI A water level in the Floridan aquifer.
a I Interval 2 feet
0A I KAL)0SA W AA I T0 __ N


/ . 2 J ..... .. I . .. '
I Line of equal net change of ground-
water level in the sand-and-gravel
A aquifor. Interval 2 feet. o
023
Observation vell and number.


t ,I I )



-/ /- z



4* o



0 5 10 20 30 40
SCALE MILES




Figure 10. Map showing net change of ground-water levels, Pensaoola and Ft. Walton areas, May 1962 to
May 1964.






DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


e T a s






Figure 11. Graph of total yearly purimpage, Panama City.

central and eastern St. Johns, Flagler,this and Volusia counties.
Another source of water in these areas is a shallow, nonartesian,
sand-anducati-shell aquifer.

TALLAHASSEE AREA

The Tallahassee area includes central Leon County and the
City of Tallahassee. The area is primarily residential and only
sparse light industry is located in this area.
The principal water user, the City of Tallahassee, supplies
water for municipal use to the most rapidly growing residential
and educational complex in the Big Bend. Since 1945, annual
municipal pumpage at Tallahassee has increased 365 percent
from about 850 mgy to 3,100 mgy. Figure 14 shows pumpage during
1933-64 for the City of Tallahassee.
Fluctuations of water levels in the Floridan aquifer at Tall-
ahassee are shown by the hydrograph, figure 15, of well Leon 7,
which shows a downward trend during 1960-63 and an upward trend
in response to above average rainfall during 1964. The graph
shows characteristic seasonal trends with high levels in the spring
and low levels in the fall. Figure 16 shows water levels in well
Leon T for the period 1945-64.








INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


WALTON 13 DEPTH 450 FT


FLORIDAN AQUIFER


26
24
S22
20
18
16
14
12
i 10
8
6
4

36
38
40
42
44
46
L 48
50
S52
S54
D 56
S58
o 60
62
- 64
S6E
z 68
- 7(
7;


a 71


8
81
81
81
91








U I
2



_r





z2
_.



n 2

2
5 3



_1
Of


1955


1960


1965


197/ 1980U


Water level is effected by regional pumping


BAY 7 DEPTH 253 FT. FLORIDAN AQUIFER




_ ------------------ -- --
-- L









L I



^_ _-. - -- - --------------1,i
-v---__
I
























Waoler level affected by pumping of nearby wells
I 1 94 through 1963
IV I I ILiI








WASHINGTON 4 DEPTH 785 FT. FLORIDAN AQUIFER

2 -
4
8 -------------------


4-.-------------p---------------



68 ------ - - - - - - - -
8: -------------------------------------------
6

0



:2 -


2 ----------------------
4



6
6 -----------------------------
28
80


Figure 12. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels in
wells Walton 13 at. Point Washington, Bay 7 at Panama City, and Washing-
ton 4, at Caryville.





















0

0
r

Q

0
0
0
cC


Figure 18. Map showing locations of observation wells in northern and north-central Florida for which
hydrographs are given.






INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


- r0__ _







Figure 14. Graph of total yearly pumpage, City of Tallahassee.
600



Figure 14. Graph of total yearly pumpage., City of Tallahassee.

FERNANDINA-JACKSONVILLE AREA

The Fernandina-Jacksonville area is one of the largest indus-
trialized areas in the State, with water use increasing as a result
of the rapid economic expansion. Figure 17 shows total yearly
municipal pumpage for Jacksonville from 1921-64.
Ground-water levels in the Fernandina-Jacksonville area
have been declining for a considerable period of time. Trends and
seasonal fluctuations of the. water levels in the Floridan aquifer
at Jacksonville are shown for well Duval 122 and for well Duval
164 near Mayport. IHydrographs of wells'in the Floridan. aquifer
in Nassau and Duval counties are shown in figures 16 and 18.
Water levels declined to near record low levels in many wells
in the area during 1963. Maximum decline of water levels occurred
in well Nassau 12 in the Fernandina area. Levels, in this well,
declined 47 feet from 29 feet above to 18 feet below land surface
during 1946-63. The maximum decline was 59 feet for the period
of record 1939-63. In contrast, water levels in well Nassau 51,
approximately 20 miles inland, declined only .about 13 feet during
1945-46. Water levels in well Duval 122 at Jacksonville declined
nearly 22 feet from 1930 to 1964, while along the coastal area in
Duval County water levels generally declined about 18 feet in
well Duval 164. These declines are part of the broad regional






DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


1960 196


1963


1964


Figure 15. Hydrograpbs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in well Leon 7 and departures from monthly normal precipitation at
Tallahassee, 1960-64.

lowering of water levels as may be seen in figure 19, which shows
the net change of ground-water levels in several counties.


CENTRAL FLORIDA

Central Florida, as used in this report, includes 20 counties
and covers about 18,000 square miles. The extent of this region








INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


LEON 7 DEPTH 314 FT. CASED 165 FT.


FLORIDAN AQUIFER


152-
155
158- ,I I N I I
161- -
164
167
170
173 Water level is affected by pumping of nearby wells
176 I 1


MADISON 18 DEPTH 322 FT. CASED 307 FT. FLORIDAN AQUIFER
14 ----- --
17
20
23
26
29
32
35
38
41 __ I I

COLUMBIA 9 DEPTH 836 FT. CASED 680 FT. FLORIDAN AOUIFER
66
69---
72
75 ----------------------


84 1

87
90
93
78---- -- -------------------


8i:: :------^ ------ -


96
99-
102
105

NASSAU 12 DEPTH 640 FT FLORIDAN AQUIFER

_27
I24 Water level on Mr 99 was
-18 I40.9 feet above land surface
-18------------------------------------------
.15
.12- - -----------------------------
12

16


0


-39 \ '
-6
-9
-12
-15-- ----------
-18
-21 -
-24
-27 Water level is affected by regional pumping
-30- -7
-339 -- ------ S>7 197- -


1945


1950


1955


UJ




_J
3


0
-a

hi
UJ




U-1
CD

hU


I-
-a
u-i



cr


Figure 16. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Leon 7 at Tallahassee, Madison 18 near Madison, Columbia 9 at

Lake City, and Nassau 12 near Fernandina.


.


I960U


1 653


I 1%/





DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


16.000 . . . . . .





I X000










Figure 17. Graph of total yearly pumpage, City of Jacksonville.

and location of observation wells for which hydrographs are given
are shown in figure 20.
The principal source of ground-water supply in western coas-
tal and central peninsular Florida is the Floridan aquifer. In the
eastern coastal area, the nonartesian shallow-sand aquifer is the
chief source.
Central Florida includes four rapidly growing centers of pop-
ulation and industry: the Tampa-St. Petersburg area, the Lakeland
area, the Orlando-Cape Kennedy area, the Sarasota-Bradenton area.

TAMPA-ST. PETERSBURG AREA

This area, particularly in the vicinity of Tampa and St. Peters-
burg, is undergoing a rapid expansion in both industry and popul-
ation.
The long-term trends and fluctuations of ground-wations of ground-water levels
in the Floridan aquifer in the Tampa-St. Petersburg area are
shown in figure 21. The hydrographs show a similarity of water-
level fluctuations in well Pasco 13 near Ehren and well Hillsbor-
ough 13 near Citrus Park, during the period 1945 through 1962.
Drought conditions and increased pumping during 1961-64 caused
water levels in Hillsborough 13 to decline to the lowest levels of
record in 1964. Rainfall recorded at Tampa and the fluctuations
of the water level in well Hillsborough 13 for the period 1960-64
record ______ _______ _______ _______ _______ _____ _^ ^
oftS wxx> ______ _______ _______ _______ _______ ~ ^ ^ri d 19^ ^-6







INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


N4SSAU 31 UfDEPH 58 ri. rLO rUINMi A4ulirrE
44 i
42
40
38
40 _ ^,- "-^ ^ -! - - - - - -


36
34 ----
32
30
S Wlter level is affected by regional pumping
24 -------
22
DUVAL 122 DEPTH 905 FT. CASED 571 FT. FLORIDAN AQUIFER
45
43
41
39
37- I ---
35-
33 -
31
2 Water level is affected by rei naol pumping I
25 I I I I I V
25 -4 - - - - - - - - --i'-.i- -


DUVAL 164 DEPTH 840 FT. CASED 450 FT. FLORIDAN AQUIFER
45
43 .

39
37
35
33
31
29
27 I
2 Waier level is affected by tides
25 'nd regional pumping
23
211 1

MARION '5 DEPTH 135 FT. CASED 135 FT. FLORIDAN AQUIFER

14
8 -4---m z __ _- _-1
12







PN,2 29 DEPTH 300 FT. FL-R FR
10





, 8 ------ -J __-,,,v \-^.- I--\ --
4
2
o.
PUTNAM 29 DEPTH 300 FT. FLORIDAN AQUIFER
L 142




, 4 I-- -
10

6
4


1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 I1b3


Figure 18. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Nassau 51 at Callahan, Duval 122 at Jacksonville, Duval 164
near Mayport, Marion 5 near Ocala, and Putnam 29 at Palatka.


C1 I" Bli L' AIIA/WII Irl'


rrrrr r


rr~r c~rr r~


1930 19



















EXPLANATION

S\.1 -Now 1 -



PUTNAM .._._l. .= s PUTNAM *

cL- FLAGLER \ CLAY LER
S/ I I CL
I Z Old are *.S


Figure 19. Maps showing net changes of ground-water levels in Jacksonville and Fernandina areas, May
1951 to May 1962 and from May 1962 to May 1964.


I


0
0
0
0
0






INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


Figure 20. Map showing locations of observation wells in central Florida
for which hydrographs are given.

is shown in figure 22. Near Ruskin, in southern Hillsborough Coun-
ty, water levels in well Hillsborough 30 declined to the lowest
level of record in 1963, shown in figure 23. This decline is part
of an extensive regional lowering of water levels which extends
from southern Hillsborough County into Sarasota County. (See
figure on page 54).
Water levels in two Pinellas County wells, Pinellas 13 and
246, are shown in figure 23. No apparent trend is noted for Pinellas
13. However, a slight downward trend from 1946 through 1956 can
be noted for Pinellas 246. This downward trend .was reversed dur-
ing the latter part of 1956 and levels continued to rise through
1959 and were about average for the period of record 1963-64.
The changes in chloride content of water from two wells in
the Floridan aquifer in Pinellas County are shown in figure 24.





DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


H TPED 49 FT CASE T


OLF RIDAN AQUIFER


LU
1~
- w












4

D
Uj






uj0
-1
ir

3
Q
5

Il
Lu
03




-1


I


Figure 21. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Pasco 13 near Ehren and Hillsborough 13 near Citrus Park,
Tampa area.


The chloride content of well Pinellas 592 at Bay Pines ranged
from 1,000 ppm (parts per million) to 2,200 ppm from 157-64. The
chloride content of well Pinellas 166 at Dunedin ranged from about
20 ppm to 1,000 ppm during the same period. The chloride content
in both wells decreased during 1957-61. During 1963-64 the chlor-
ide content in well 592 increased nearly to the 1959 concentration.
In contrast, the chloride content in well 166 remained low during
1963-64 and at the end of the year was well below the 1959 con-
centration.


LAKELAND AREA


In the Lakeland area, like others in Florida, ground water is
being pumped at an increasing rate commensurate with the econb-


1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965


PASCOm


o-------- ,- - - - - - - ----
0

2------------
3
3---------- - - - - - - -
4 ----( -





1- -- -
2 II i I I I I I I I I I L I
II


HILLSBOROUGH 13 DEPTH 347 FT. CASED 46 FT FLORIDAN AQUIFER
----------------------- -------- --. ----- --- *


2------ ----- ------- ---- ---_---J-- -- --

3- -----_-------------- ---------
D------------------------------------------------




1I-----------------------------------------------------I-
2----------------------------------------------- -- -
13 ----- ----------------------- ---I--




48 -
I I I I I
2
1
5
6











Water level is affected by Iumo_ of nearby wells
It I
19 I I I I
1 1 1 1 1 I I I I I I


2






INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


n t


0.. 14



3:-
NDEPTH Of


JFMAMJJA SODJ i F MAMJJASOND JFMAM. J JASO NDO JFMAMJ JASONDJFMAMJ J A SO NDI



a,. -




i








6at T 1960-64.











mic growth of the area. Municipal pumpage at Lakeland increased
about 118 percent during the 12-year period 1953-64. Figure 25
shows the total yearly municipal pumpage at Lakeland for 1928-64.
Annual industrial pumpage in Polk County is presently (1964)
about 68,000 million gallons.
The marked decline of water levels in the Floridan aquifer in
the vicinity of Lakeland is shown in figure 26. A maximum decline
about 9 feet in well Polk 45 occurred during May 1960 through
May 1962.
-* rwhofteae.Muiia upaea aean nrae

abQ 1 ecn uigte1-ya eid15-4 iue2

shw h oa ery uiia upg t aeadfr12-4










LIH LSBOROUGH


DEPTH 500 FT.


CASED 34 FT.


FLORIDAN AQUIFER


DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


U,













UJ<



w- o
CL -3:












UJ 0


1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980

Figure 23. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Hillsborough 30 near Ruskin, Pinellas 13 at Tarpon Springs,
and Pinellas 246 at Clearwater.


Precipitation recorded at Lakeland shows deficient rainfall in
the Lakeland area during the years 1961 through 1964.
In many areas in northern Polk County, water levels after
declining to new record low levels during 1960-62 rose sharply in
1963 and declined slightly in 1964. From record low water levels
of May 1962, levels in the Floridan aquifer recovered nearly 12
feet in well Polk 45 in the heavily pumped area south of Lakeland
and nearly 3 feet in well Polk 44 near Davenport in northeastern
Polk County. Levels in the nonartesian aquifer in well Polk 47
near Davenport rose about 2 feet in 1963. Although water levels
rose during 1963, downward trends of levels in artesian and noni-
artesian aquifers continued. During 1964 water levels ranged from


I:


4
4 I I-i -I-- - - - -I I - - - -

2




7




e e
S- - - -
0-- -- - -- - - -------- --











PINELLAS 13 DEPTH 141 FT. CASED 33 FT. FLORIDAN AQUIFER













25





26
Io I I -I I I 1 1 #

----------------------------------------------------------------
22 --- -- - - - - - - -


24 -- ----- --- - - - -

Water level is affected by tides
25_--




22-- -- I --
27- --- -- -- ---- - - - -


29----







INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


Figure 24. Graphs showing changes in chloride content in wells Pinellas
592 at Bay Pines and 166 at Dunedin, St. Petersburg area.






46 DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


3.600-____ I
32C00 ______ ____________ ___________













Figure 25. Graph showing total yearly pumpage, City of Lakeland.

8.5 feet below 1960 highest levels in the Floridan aquifer near
Lakeland to 1 foot lower than 1960 levels in the shallow-sand non-
artesian aquifer near Davenport. Long-term trends and fluctuations
of ground-water levels in the Lakeland area are shown in figure 27.
Water levels in the artesian aquifer, in southern Polk County,
and in the shallow-sand aquifer, in southeastern Polk County and
in central Highlands County, are shown in figure 28.
The most prominent .features illustrated by the hydrographs in
figure 28 are the fluctuation of water levels in the artesian aquifer
and in the shallow-sand aquifer caused by the droughts of 1955-56
and 1961-62 and subsequent recovery of levels during post-drought
periods.
In southern Polk County at Frostproof, water levels declined
about 11 feet in the artesian aquifer in well Polk 51 from January
1960 to May 1962. In central Highlands County near Sebring, levels
declined nearly 6 feet in the nonartesian aquifer in well Highlands
10 during the same period. During 1962 ground-water levels rose
sharply. However, in most wells, the recovery of levels in 1963-64
did not exceed those of 1960. Water levels during 1964 ranged from
1.5 feet below 1960 highest levels in the artesian aquifer at Frost-
proof to 5.1 feet lower than 1960 levels in the nonartesian aquifer
in central Highlands County. In southern Osceola and southeastern
Highlands counties, 1963-64 water levels in the nonartesian aquifer
ranged from 1 foot lower in wells Osceola 183 and Okeechobee 3
to 2.4 feet lower than 1960 levels in well Highlands 13. Figure'29
W -.4CC
2iue2.Gahsoigttlyerypmae iyo aead
2.000. eo 90 ihs lvl n h lria qifrna































to 2.4 feet lower than 1960 levels in well Highlands 13. -Figure'29








INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


bU

6 FLORIDAfN AQUIFER
64
DEPTH 643FT.

68 \---------
U
i
SPOLK 45
72
z
0 76
Wm

80

84 ______________ _

8 -


J FMAMJJ A SONDJIFMAMJ J A SON D JFM AMJ JASON.D JFMAMJ JAS OND JFMA M J J A S 0 ND


Figure 26. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in well Polk 45 near Lakeland and departures from monthly normal pre-

cipitation at Lakeland, 1960-64.


shows fluctuations of water levels in the shallow nonartesian

aquifer in Highlands, Okeechobee, and Osceola counties.


ORLANDO AREA


The Orlando area includes the cities of Orlando, Winter Park,
and Maitland in north central Orange County. The Floridan aquifer
supplies most of the water for municipal and industrial needs in
the area. Trends and fluctuations of ground-water levels in the







DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


POLK 44 DEPTH 195 FT. CASED 81 FT.


FLORIDAN AQUIFER


O




-I --- --- --- -- -

-6 -- ---FT-.-
-6
-7
-8

POLK 45 DEPTH 643 FT. CASED 325 FT. FLORIDAN AQUIFER
58----
59
60
61 1 A
62
59------------------------------------------------
60--- ----------------------------------------- --------
61----------------------J-------_- _ --_--- __-_ -_-_ __.
62--------------------------------------------- --
63
64
65
66------------------------
67 -- ---------------------
68



71




75



78
79
80

825

a4
86-----


88 I I I I I I I I I I I


3F K 47 DEPTH 67 FT. CASED 59 FT. SHALLOW SAND AQUIFER (NONARTESIAN)


40
41
42
43
TI-----------------------------------------------__-__--__ -___-
72------------------------------------------y-------------------
73-------------------------------------------L-------------------
74----------------_--------- -- - - -
75----------------------------------------------------"'yn _-_----------_ -----
.6----------------------------------------4-----------------------




39- ---- -------------------------

8 3--- - -- - - -------










44 - -
45
46
46 - - - - - - - - - -


438-------------------------------------------------- -- -
34 --------------------------.---- --- -- - -- -
40---------------------------------------

42---------------------^ -----. -- - - - - -



47-
48 ----------- --------------
48
49
50
51
449---------"-|-----------------
45-----------------------------------_------- --- -

48-------------------------- ------------_------ -


1945


1950


1955 1960


Figure 27. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Polk 44 and 47 near Davenport and Polk 45 near Lakeland,
Lakeland area.






INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


DEPTH 17 FT. CASED 14 FT.


SHALLOW SAND AQUIFER (NONARTESIAN)


+2
+1
0-




.- I- -- _--b- __ _ :
-2
-3
-4
-5
-6
-7
-8
-9
-10

POLK 51 DEPTH 319 FT. CASED 208 FT. HAWTHORN FORMATION (ARTESIAN)



3
4
5
6
7
O ----:---------------------::1:1:



6--------------j-- --------





8 --___ ------------------- -- - - --
S- ----------- -------------

10 ---------------
III


,6------------------------------------------j--------------------

,38------------------------------------^-----------------
16
17
S18- -
19
20
1 W er level is affected by regional
22 -----------
23 i---
24
2 HIGHLANDS 10 DEPTH 45 FT CASED 41 FT SHALLOW SAND AQUIFER (NONARTESIAN)
22---- ------------------------------------
25 I I 1 1 1 1 1 -- - - - - - - - -

23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32 ---
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
43------------------
35------------4------------- ------------------


39-_--- ----- --- - -- ------ -----------


1945 1950


1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980


POLK 49


Figure 28. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Polk 49 near Frostproof and Polk 51 at Frostproof, and High-
lands 10 near Sebring.






DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


DEPTH 20 FT. CASED 16 FT.


SHALLOW SAND AbUIF R


)NAISETRANON(


.--4

z











U >
WL U
-Z












_J
tt >-
SLU




U>
I

LLU








LU4


1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980


Figure 29. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Highlands 13, Osceola 183, and Okeechobee 3 in the Kissimmee
Valley.


Floridan aquifer and nonartesian aquifer near Orlando are shown
in figure 30. The long-term trend of artesian water levels in the
Floridan aquifer in the Orlando area is illustrated in figure 31.
The hydrograph of well Orange 47 shows levels declined from the
highest of record in the spring of 1960 to a new low of record in
1962. A maximum fluctuation of 22 feet was recorded during this
period. From May 1962 to September 1964 levels rose about 8 feet,
however, they remained below the average level of previous years.


GIH LANDS


30 -
29
2 -



2 ?, L- - - L --------------
26
25- I-
S24- 11 ---- IL-- --
23- -
22
21---
20
19
18




Is --j- :2:r ~~ -- -- -- -- --m
OSCEOLA 183 DEPTH 27 FT. CASED 22 FT. SHALLOW SAND AQUIFER (NONARTESIAN)
76 - - - -
75-- --










56---------- -------------------------------
55--------------------.----- --------------_
74



70 r









68---- -------------------------------

66------ ------------------------------- ,
OKEECOBEE 3 DEPTH 22 FT. CASED 19 FT. SHALLOW SAND AQUIFER (NONARTESIAN)

63
62

S61 I
60 ------
59
58-- -- -


55
54
53


1945





INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


1960 1961 1962 1963 1964
Figure 30. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Orange 47 and 47B near Orlando and departures from monthly
normal precipitation at Orlando, 1960-64.

CAPE KENNEDY AREA

The Cape Kennedy area, one of the most rapidly growing areas
in the State, includes the cities of Cocoa, Cocoa Beach, and
Titusville in Brevard County. Water in the Floridan aquifer in the
area is generally brackish and is used primarily for irrigation.
Figure 32 shows water-level fluctuations in eastern coastal Flor-
ida in Brevard, Indian River, and St. Lucie counties.
Hydrographs of wells in Brevard County generally show a






DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


U0 'ANGE 4'7 DETH 35U F. CASEDU i32 I. FLORIDAN AQUIFER





,a _ _ - _ _ _- - - 4 --_ _ _

.- 4------------- --- --- L- -
-.7- --| :-:|- -
O !


-7
-6
-5
-4
-3











- 9o - ---------- -
-0









-17----------------- --- ---i-- -

-19 - - - - - - - - - - - -4- --
-1 I
-2 1I




-7









-20-- i --- --



1930 1935 1940- 1945 1950 1955 1960 196
-8.- .i .
-9


Figure 31. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations
in well Orange 47, near Orlando.


of water levels


long-term downward average trend of artesian levels in the Flori-
dan aquifer. Since 1946, artesian water levels have declined about
6 feet in well Brevard 19 near Melbourne and Eau Gallie and about
8 feet in well Brevard 148 at Cocoa. Levels have declined about 4
feet in well Brevard 79 in northern Brevard County about 28 miles
northwest of Cape Kennedy.
Hydrographs of wells in the shallow-sand aquifer in Indian
River and St. Lucie counties indicate no apparent downward trend
of ground-water levels during the period of record.


SARASOTA-BRADENTON AREA

The Sarasota-Bradenton area includes Manatee and Sarasota
counties in southwestern coastal Florida. The principal economic
activities in the area are agriculture and stock raising. The coastal
section, however, is rapidly developing as a retirement and year-
round tourist center.
Figure 33 shows the trends and fluctuations of water levels in
observation wells Manatee 92 and Sarasota 9. Hydrographs of








INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


dItVBRVAKU 1 UDEPH 413 FT. CASED 80 FT. FLORIDAN AQUIFER
30
29- -------
28 1 a
27------- --l I
26--- --

24 I
23
22---- -
21 -- -
20
19-----
18
17
16
15
14--

, BREVARD 79 DEPTH 160 FT. CASED 85 FT. FLORIDAN AQUIFER











---0--T -------------------------r
+4 r A

+2


0
- -

BREVARD 148 DEPTH 206 FT. CASED 105 FT. FLORIDAN AQUIFER
14
13 ---- -









320------------------------------1 ---4---------- - - -
I ------- I ---------------























ST LUCIE 42 DEPTH 8 FT. CASED 13 FT. SHALLOW SAND AQUIFER (NONARTESIAN)
10 --- --- ----- I












8---------------------------------------
6
5
4
3








3---- -- ----------------------.-----------------
INDIAN RIVER 25 DEPTH 19 FT. CASED 13 FT. SHALLOW SAND AQUIFER (NONARTESIAN)
32
31
30 1 -A A I I
29
28
27
26 -,,
25

ST. LUCIE 42 DEPTH 18 FT. CASED 13 FT. SHALLOW SAND AQUIFER (NONARTESIAN)

30
28
.. . . . .. . .


25 -4
25--------------- ------- -
24
23-----------


1945


1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 19W


wu


-: 0
L

U_
Cz







-I--
LLU
W-J
a: LUa







LU>

Z WJ
_z

>- I
LL LU
LU>




I-0

..I



"-.M
I w
CC ll


Figure 32. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels

near Cape Kennedy and eastern-central coastal Florida.


""""^~ '^


~'^"' "-" ^~^-- -- --


A







DIVISION OF GEOLOGY

MANATEF 92 DEPTH 600 FT. CASED 154 FT.


FLORIDAN AQUIFER


36

38
39
40- - - - -
41 -- --- -
42 -
43-
44
45
46
47
















4------------------------------------------------::::::- -
48- -- -----------------------------------


















5---------.---_-------------------- -----H---
49
50

52 1 Wbaerlevel is affected by regional pumping
53
54
55


SARASOTA 9 DEPTH 730 FT. CASED 101 FT. FLORIDAN AQUIFER


+4




0
S-I N r 10 l l -

-3--- -


-6 F 111-- - - - -
-7


5 i I I is affee r I ur "


-12
-13
-14


1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965

Figure 33. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels

in wells Manatee 92 and Sarasota 9, Sarasota-Bradent on area.


both wells show declines of artesian water levels in the Floridan

aquifer in Manatee and Sarasota counties. Levels in well Manatee

92 have declined 17.09 feet from 37.10 feet below land surface in

May 1947 to a new record low of 54.19 feet below land surface in

April 1963. Water levels in this well have been declining at an

average overall rate of about one foot each year since 1947. Levels

in well Sarasota 9 have declined 8.45 feet from 0.95 foot above

land surface in May 1947 to a new record low level of 9.40 feet

below land surface in May 1963. Water levels have been declining


Ul
0


tr
-
0


-1



UA
m
Q






UJ
t-

U-
2
_r
IU
>
UJ





INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


Figure 34. Map showing location of wells in southern Florida for which
hydrographs are given.

at an average rate of 0.4 foot per year in well Sarasota 9 since
1931.
Comparison of the hydrograph of well Manatee 92 to that of
well Sarasota 9 shows that the decline is accelerating in Manatee
County. The regional extent of the decline is shown by hydro-
graphs of well Hillsborough 30 (fig. 23) and wells Manatee 92 and
Sarasota 9 (fig. 33). The decline includes an area of about at least
600 square miles extending from southern Hillsborough County
to northern Sarasota County.






DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


Figure 35. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of
in well Lee 246 near Ft. Myers and departures from normal
cipitation at Ft. Myers, 1960-64.


water levels
monthly pre-


SOUTHERN FLORIDA

The southern Florida region includes all counties south of a
line through Desoto County and covers an area of about 17,500
square miles. The region and the locations of selected observation
wells for which hydrographs are presented are shown on figure 34.
In southern Florida, nonartesian aquifers are the principal
source of water supply. In the coastal areas of Martin and Palm
Beach counties, a nonartesian shallow-sand aquifer is the chief
source of supply; in Broward and Dade counties, the Biscayne
aquifer is the principal source; and in southwestern coastal Flor-
ida and inland areas, nonartesian shallow-sand and shell aquifers
are the main sources.


NONARTESIAN AQUIFER
DEPTH 27FT




LEE 246


JFM J J 1 SON IJ' F' M JJ A t SONDJ FMAMJ J ASOND J FMAMJ JASO N 0J FMAMJ'J AS ONO







INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


0 LEE 246 DEPTH 27 FT. CASED 19 FT. TAMIAMI FORMATION (NONARTESIAN)



I
y, 4 - __
2 V Al Al I IV YI V 1 I I I








S26
2 7


















s 20--------------- ------------------
27-----------------------------------------_-----------------
> Is I
12 m -Woter. levels affected by pumping of nearby wells




















> ;13--*-l- ::
-Id II--------
28COLLIER 131 DEPTH 54 FT. CASED 22 FT. TAMIAMI FORMATION (NONARTESIAN)

Sj 26























16 MARTIN 147 DEPTH 74 FT. CASED 73 FT. SANDSTONE AQUIFER (NONARTESIAN)
S215












14

12
17








w II














1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980

Figure 36. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels in
wells Lee 246 near Ft. Myers, Collier 54 Everglades area, Collier 131
near Immokalee, and Martin 147 at Stuart.
3 <






















nM
Miue3.Hdorpssoigted n lcutoso ae eesi





DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


Slx----
130











Figure 37. Graph of total year pumpage, City of Stuart.

FT. MYERS AREA

The Ft. Myers area includes Lee and Charlotte counties, and
like the Bradenton-Sarasota area to the north is developing rapidly
as a winter tourist and retirement center.
The principal source of ground water in the Ft. Myers area is
the nonartesian aquifers. Figure 35 shows the seasonal fluctua-
tions of ground-water levels in well Lee 246 and rainfall at Ft.
Myers for the period 1960-64. Generally, seasonal fluctuations of
water levels in nonartesian aquifers closely correspond to seasonal
fluctuations in the amounts of rainfall. Figure 36 shows the trends
and fluctuations of water levels in nonartesian aquifers for selec-
ted wells in southern Florida.

STUART-WEST PALM BEACH AREA

This area includes coastal parts of Martin and Palm Beach
counties and is a segment of the rapidly growing, populous, coastal
complex extending from Jacksonville southward through the Keys.
Average yearly municipal pumpage at- Stuart increased nearly 450
percent between 1941-45 and 1961-64 as shown in figure 37.
The principal source of water'supply in the Stuart area is the





INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


Figure 38. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in well Martin 147 and departures from monthly normal precipitation at
Stuart, 1960-64.

nonartesian shallow-sand aquifer. Trends of water levels in the
nonartesian aquifer at Stuart are shown in figure 36. The hydro-
graph of well Martin 147 shows a downward trend of nonartesian
levels. Levels declined to a record-low level of about 2 feet above
mean sea level in the spring of 1962 and 1963. The declines during
1961-63 were caused, in part, by increased pumping in the Stuart
well field. Although pumpage increased during 1964, water levels
rose in response to above average rainfall. Figure 38 shows trends
of water levels and rainfall recorded at Stuart, 1960-64.





DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


960 1961 1962 1963 1964


Figure 39. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels in
well Palm Beach 88 and departures from monthly normal precipitation at
West Palm Beach, 1960-64.


The Biscayne aquifer is the chief source of water supply in
southern Palm Beach, Broward, and Dade counties. Figure 39
shows the trends and fluctuations of end-of-month water levels in
well Palm Beach 88 and rainfall data at West Palm Beach. Fluct-
uations of water levels for several selected wells are shown in
figures 40 and 41.


FT. LAUDERDALE AREA

The Ft. Lauderdale area includes the populous coastal part
of Broward County, extending from the Deerfield-Boca Raton area
in the northern part of Broward County, to the Hollywood area in
the southern part of the county. Long-term downward trends of
water levels in the Biscayne aquifer in, and adjacent to, the Ft.
Lauderdale area are shown by the hydrograph of well Brow'ard
S329 at Ft. Lauderdale (fig. 41).
The Biscayne aquifer contains salty water in areas adjacent


T

0
SI



r
3 *
St
a1
1
O

J -a
















LU>
W W
U.LJ
z 4
W



cr
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1-





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W
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J01
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wM




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LQ
zZ







JaL
S



J m


1945


1950


INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52 61


PALM BEACH 88 DEPTH 17 FT. CASED 16 FT. BISCAYNE AQUIFER
13 :---::: : :








6r

4






SBROWARD 6561 DEPTH 20 FT. CASED 20 FT. BISCAYNE AQUIFER
910 ---------
9
8 A- A1 1 1 - - - - - - I - - _








Prior to 1951 records were published with reference
S to. nd urfa c 4. 1 ft. obove mean level




-l






1 BROWARD G617 DEPTH 29 FT. CASED 28 FT. BISCAYNE AQUIFER
II - -I I I II-_ -I I__ I i_ -I I I I I I I I I _









12------------------- -------- --------- ---~
II------------------------------------

9


8 --- --.- _-_-- -- -___-__ ----__ --
8
r A" Prior to 1951 rircod dse uwere- ubhished with referee nce
r to- t 9ndo durf2ce. _abovel abon_ mean_ e level





















5





71-------_--_-_----------------------- --_ __--_



2-----------------------------------------------

08--------------------- ------------------
BDADE 6553 DEPTH 91 FT. CASED 79 FT. BISCAYNE AQUIFER
+1i 4




S1 _|to land surface 12.111t1 obove .mean sea level.
+3 -- -- --1


+8
+1
0------------ or"- to"195 ... wer " -il reference- -
-I----------- - -' --- - - : -- - -
0



- -A
... .. ..0, r


Figure 40. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Palm Beach 88 near West Palm Beach, Broward G561 and G617

near Ft. Lauderdale, and Dade G553 near Miami.


IIoU


1965 1r U


%







DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


E NYACSIB AQUI R


o RJOWA 29l DrETn Iv0 r. rl rulrvn
7
6
5
4
3




2
DADE Sl8 DEPTH 52 FT BISCAYNE AQUIFER






. 3








DAOE Si96A DEPTH 20 FT BISCAYNE AQUIFER




6
5
4 ..




0
C\ '---- - - - -Ill i~ii












-2 - l-

CADE FI79 DEPTH 77 FT BISCAYNE AQUIFER












10 i I I I I I I I I I I
llBROWAIRD S329 DEPTH 68 FT. BISCIYNE AIUIER
9 -
o I Waer le I IIl il offectId by Iu I'n
Inearbj weIIs

7

5
4
3
3-----------------------
- ,,,--I-N--
-. ----I---------- I
0- -111- --I --ll ll lllllll


1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965

Figure 41. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in wells Broward F291 at Hollywood, Dade S18 near Miami, Dade S196A
near Homestead, Dade F179 at Miami, and Broward 8329 near Ft. Lauder-
dale.


LU

QZ
"--(Cd

X LU
Wik








Lfl
LL ;
U <



SC
-j
>r
L 1



L->*

w-I
IL
> wi s
a:
'I


Qamuran mfti


l "U iri7 l Ir







INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


BROWARD S830 DEPTH 119FT. BISCAYNE AQUIFER
4000- 1 1 - 1 1
3500
500 --------

20 0 0___
1500c
r- -----------------


1000- -------------------------
500-----------
0-
10-------------------^c --- -7 - -- -- -- -


DADE F296 DEPTH 47FT. BISCAYNE AQUIFER
1400- - -
1400 -- -- ------------ ---- ----- -------- -------- ---------- -- ----- -- __ ____ _
1200-----------------------------
800 i
600 ----
400 A I
C-------------------------------^ ------- ---_-_________
200 M--


DADE F64 DEPTH 114FT.BISCAYNE AQUIFER
1400-
1200-- -
1000 A I A r
400- ,-r
200 - _ _
0-------- ---------------
200 ---------+ -------------------------


------I--'E----------
- - - - -I I


6 49 W r195 95o6 1965 1970 1975 190w
Figure 42. Hydrographs showing changes in chloride content of water in
wells Broward G514 and 8830 near Ft. Lauderdale, and Dade F296 and
F64 near Miami.


to the coast and along tidal canals. Figure 42 shows graphs of
the chloride content of water in wells Broward G514 and S830 in
the vicinity of the Ft. Lauderdale Dixie well field and in wells
Dade F296 and F64 in North Miami Beach and Miami. The chloride
content in well Broward S830 declined from about 3700 ppm in
1947 to the lowest chloride content of record in 1958. The chloride
content increased from the low of 1958 to nearly 2000 ppm in 1963.





DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


MIAMI AREA

The Miami area includes Broward and Dade counties and is
the most populous area in the State. The principal source of water
supply is the Biscayne aquifer, the extent of which is shown on
figure 1.
The locations of selected observation wells in the Miami
area for which hydrographs are given, are shown by figure 34.
Water-level observations were made as early as -1933 near
Homestead in well Dade S196A. Long-term record of water-level
fluctuations at Homestead are shown in figure 41. Figure 43 shows
trends of water levels and rainfall recorded at Homestead Experi-
mental Station 1960-64.
Except for the relatively narrow coastal strip, most of the
Miami area is occupied by the Everglades. Fluctuations of ground-
water levels in the Everglades are shown by hydrographs of wells
Dade G72, G596, G618, and G620, figures 44 and 45.
Fluctuations of ground-water levels in the Biscayne aquifer
in the vicinity of Miami are illustrated by hydrographs of wells
Dade G10 about 5 miles west of Miami, Dade S19 at Miami Springs
(fig. 44), and well Dade F179 at Miami (fig. 41). The water level
in well Dade S19 is affected by pumping in the municipal well
field of the City of Miami.
In the Miami area, as in other coastal areas, the presence of
salty water in an aquifer is signalled by high chloride content of
the ground water. The seaward reaches of the Biscayne Aquifer
contain sea water and some encroachment of sea water into the
aquifer has occurred through the years. Water control measures
have checked the encroachment and as a result a freshening of
the ground water has occurred in some areas.
Generally, chloride content of ground water decreased in the
Miami area and in southern coastal Dade County during 1963-64.
Figure 42 shows fluctuations of chloride content of ground water
in the Biscayne aquifer in the Miami area. Chloride content of
ground water in well Dade F64 in Miami decreased to the lowest of
record since 1947. During 1963-64, chlorides ranged from 250 to
550 ppm in this well. Chloride content of ground water in the
Biscayne aquifer ranged from 400 to 700 ppm in well F296 on the
coast north of Miami. Chloride content was generally lower during
1963-64 than during 1962. Near the eastern edge of the Miami well
field area in Miami Springs, chloride content decreased from 900





INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


1960 1961 1962 963 1964


S-4

JFMAMJ J ASONDJ FMAMJ J ASO NDJ FMAM J J ASONO JFMAMJ J ASON DJ FMA M J JASOND
1960 1961 1962 1963 1964
Figure 43. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels
in well Dade S196A, and departures from monthly normal, precipitation
at Homestead Experimental Station, 1960-64.

ppm in 1946 to 100 ppm in 1962 in well Dade G354. During 1963-64,
chloride content decreased to the lowest of record in this well.
In southern coastal Dade County, chloride content of ground
water in the Biscayne aquifer generally decreased or remained at
low concentrations in several areas during 1963-64. Chloride
content decreased to less than 500 ppm in well Dade S529 on the
coast and that of well Dade G212 southeast of Homestead remained
at less than 200 ppm during 1963-64. In sharp contrast, the chloride
content in well Dade G469 near the coast south of Miami increased
from about 20 ppm in 1961 to about 8600 ppm in 1964 as a result
of new canal construction in that area.
In the Miami area, as in other coastal areas, the contamination
of the Biscayne aquifer by the encroachment of salty water is an
ever-present problem. Through intensive practice of water control
the problem of prevention of salt-water contamination has been
solved. In many areas where contamination existed the situation






DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


DEPTH 95 FT CASED 91 FT


sse CAYNE AQuiF R


+'o f I I I 1 1 I I I I I I I I I I I l I I I I










DACE GIO DEPTH 6 FT CASED 6 FT BISCAYNE AQUIFER











r ADE G72 DEPTH 5 FT CASED 4 FT BISCAYNE AQUIFER

10
6, -A/- -I -
















1940 1945 1950. 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975
i I -------------

















in wells Dade S19 and 6GO near Miami, and Dade B72 northwest of Opa-
locka.

has been alleviated by water control. The effectiveness of the
IA































method of control is illustrated in figure 46 by the chloride graphs
of wells Dade G212, G354, and 1529.
1940 1945 1950. 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975


040E SI9









INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 52


DADE G596 DEPTH 13 FT. CASED II FT.


BISCAYNE AQUIFER


LI. -)


wz

wJ

4-


1945


1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980


12
II

10
9
8
7
6


4-


2--





DADE G618 DEPTH 20 FT. CASED II FEET BISCAYNE AQUIFER
II
10
9
8



5
4
3
2


O
-I



DADE G613 DEPTH 21 FT. CASED 18 FT BISCAYNE AQUIFER

+5
+5




-1




-2
-3ml

DADE G620 DEPTH 16 FT. CASED 6 FT. BISCAYNE AQUIFER

9
8



5
4
3
2
7--


") -I
> lU
0 >



>>
m w


LUU



WO
2
-j 5
>5




S


Figure 45. Hydrographs showing trends and fluctuations of water levels

in wells Dade G596, G618, G613, and G620 in central Dade County.







DIVISION OF GEOLOGY


DADE G354 DEPTH 91FT. CASED 88FT. BISCAYNE AQUIFER







goo







CIO
90
90r- -----------------------------__ __ _--------------------------

\---------------------------------------------------------

TO- -- ---- -----------------------_ _ ----------------------------




3'.00















!CC-- -I--- ---------------------------._ _-----_ _--------------------
COC--- -



4CO'--I-- ~ ~-- --------- --- ------ ------------ --------------- ------------- ____----------------
DADE G469 DEPTH 137FT CASED 92 FT BISCAYNE AQUIFER












2 -0- jJ J


2- - -



4 H IW --------------_ _^* _ _-_- _--------------------
DADE G529 DEPTH 19FT. BISCAYNE AQUIFER









3500

0 0
3200
3CO2000- - - _ _ _










:::::::::::::::::0

DfO 22DPH 9F.___________ISAN Q IE
2 000 _ _ _ _ _ _ _
3 0 0 - - - - - - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -
ICO 950 - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _


955 1960 865 1970


19i7 1980


Figure 46. Hydrographs showing changes in chloride content of water in
wells Dade G354 and G580 near Miami and Dade G469, S529, and G212

in southeastern Dade County.


n ~au