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Water levels in artesian and nonartesian aquifers of Florida in ..
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00094053/00001
 Material Information
Title: Water levels in artesian and nonartesian aquifers of Florida in ..
Series Title: 1975-76-- Open-file report United States Department of the Interior, Geological Survey
Physical Description: v. : ill., maps ; 23-27 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Healy, Henry G
Healy, Henry G
Florida Geological Survey
Florida -- Division of Geology
Florida -- Bureau of Geology
Geological Survey (U.S.) -- Water Resources Division
Geological Survey (U.S.)
Publisher: State of Florida, State Board of Conservation, Division of Geology, Florida Geological Survey
Place of Publication: Tallahassee
Tallahassee
Publication Date: 1960
Copyright Date: 1960
Frequency: biennial[1961-62--]
annual[ former 1960]
biennial
regular
 Subjects
Subjects / Keywords: Water levels -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Aquifers -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Water-supply -- Periodicals -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: federal government publication   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Dates or Sequential Designation: 1960-
Issuing Body: Vol(s). for 1963-64 issued by: State of Florida, State Board of Conservation, Division of Geology; for 1965-66--1971-72 by: State of Florida, Department of Natural Resources, Bureau of Geology; for 1973-74 by: United State Geological Survey, Water Resources Division; for 1975-76-- by: United States Department of the Interior, Geological Survey.
General Note: Vols. for 1961-62-- have title: Water levels in artesian and nonartesian aquifers of Florida.
General Note: Editor: 1960-, Henry G. Healy.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management:
The author dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law and all related or neighboring legal rights he or she had in the work, to the extent allowable by law.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 35182007
System ID: UF00094053:00001

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FLRD GEOLOSk ( IC SUfRiW


COPYRIGHT NOTICE
[year of publication as printed] Florida Geological Survey [source text]


The Florida Geological Survey holds all rights to the source text of
this electronic resource on behalf of the State of Florida. The
Florida Geological Survey shall be considered the copyright holder
for the text of this publication.

Under the Statutes of the State of Florida (FS 257.05; 257.105, and
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the Florida Geologic Survey, as a division of state government,
makes its documents public (i.e., published) and extends to the
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The Florida Geological Survey reserves all rights to its publications.
All uses, excluding those made under "fair use" provisions of U.S.
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restricted. Contact the Florida Geological Survey for additional
information and permissions.










STATE OF FLORIDA
STATE BOARD OF CONSERVATION
DIVISION OF GEOLOGY

FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
Robert 0. Vernon, Director





INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33





WATER LEVELS
IN
ARTESIAN AND NONARTESIAN AQUIFERS
OF
FLORIDA IN 1960




By
Henry G. Healy,Geologist
U. S. Geological Survey





Prepared by the
UNITED STATES GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
In cooperation with the
FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY
and other
STATE AND LOCAL AGENCIES


TALLAHASSEE


1962










AGRI-
CULlTRAL
LIBRARy


Completed manuscript received
July 14, 1961
Printed by the Florida Geological Survey
Tallaha ssee








TABLE OF CONTENTS


Page
Introduction ....................... ............ 1


Figure
1

2
3




Table
1


ILLUSTRATIONS



Map showing extent of principal aquifers and
sources of ground-water supplies. ............
Locations of selected observation wells .......
Hydrographs of water levels in selected wells in
Florida in 1960 ..............................




Well data on selected observation wells .......


3).















































































































































































i











-i












WATER LEVELS IN ARTESIAN AND NONARTESIAN

AQUIFERS OF FLORIDA IN 1960


By
Henry G. Healy


The purpose of this report is to summarize the trends
and fluctuations of water levels in the principal artesian
and nonartesian (water-table) ground-water reservoirs or
aquifers of Florida during 1960.

Adequate water supplies are essential to the continued
industrial and municipal growth of the State. Since World
War II, particularly during the last decade, the demand for
ground water for industrial and municipal use has increased
yearly in many parts of the State. At present, the demand
has not exceeded the ground-water supply in most areas but
the supply is limited and if the demand for water continues
to increase as it has during the last decade, many areas
may have ground-water shortages in the future. In order to
prevent such future shortages, the present supplies must be
appraised and effectively utilized. The measurement of
water-level fluctuations in observation wells is an important
phase in the appraisal of ground-water resources of the
State.

The Floridan and Biscayne aquifers are two of the
most important aquifers in the State. The areal extent of
these aquifers is shown in figure 1. The Floridan aquifer
underlies most of the State and it is the principal source of
ground water in central, northern, and most of northwestern
Florida. Highly mineralized water precludes the usefulness
of the Floridan aquifer as a source of potable water supply
in sopne coastal areas and most of southern Florida. In these

















EXPLANATION



Biscayne aquifer 0




Floridon aquifer




Other aqulfers




FLORIDA

ee rrs a sr o rr l .



Figure 1. Map showing extent of principal aquifers and sources of ground-water supplies.


1___1___11_~_1__ _~__~___






INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33


areas, the shallow nonartesian (water-table) aquifers are
the chief source of ground water. The Biscayne aquifer
in southern Florida is the most highly productive of the
shallow nonartesian aquifers in Florida. In northwestern
Florida, unconsolidated deposits of sand and gravel yield
large supplies of ground water for industrial and municipal
uses.

The statewide observation well network is an integral
part of the Federal-State cooperative program for the
investigation of ground-water resources of the State. At
present, the statewide network includes a total of 7Z7
observation wells in 45 of the 67 counties of the State; of
these, measurements for 163 wells are published periodically
in U.S. Geological Survey water-supply papers. This report
presents hydrographs of water-level fluctuations in63 obser-
vation wells selected from the statewide network. Location
of the selected wells are shown infigure 2. Additional water-
level data for the wells used in this report and water-level
data for all other wells in the statewide network are available
from the office of the U. S. Geological Survey, Ground Water
Branch, Tallahassee, Florida.

Fluctuations of ground-water levels reflect changes
in the quantity of water stored in an aquifer. The annual net
changes of water levels during 1960, as shown by the hydro-
graphs, show that the amount of water stored in the principal
aquifers remained about the same in northern Florida,
increased in central Florida, and decreased in the southern
part of the State.

Water levels in artesian aquifers were above average
in most areas in northern, central, and southern Florida at
the beginning of the year and then declined tobelow average.
At the end of the year, water levels were above average in
most areas in northern and central Florida, but were near
or below average in most areas in southern Florida.

Water levels in nonartesian aquifers were above
average at the beginning of the year, and declined to near
or below average in many areas during the year. At the
end of the year, water levels were below average and lower
than water levels at the beginning of the year in most areas in






4 FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


Figure 2. Locations of selected observation wells.








INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33 5


southern Florida. Net changes of water levels were essen-
tially caused by below average rainfall during October through
December.


Table 1 contains the following pertinent information
on the observation wells: aquifer penetrated, the depth of
well, and the depth of casing. Hydrographs showing the
trends and fluctuations of water levels in observation wells
in the artesian and nonartesian aquifers in the State are
shown in figure 3.


The hydrographs show end-of-month water levels for
1960 which are compared to the maximum, minimum, and
average water levels computed from end-of-month water
levels for the period of record.


Table 1. Well Data on Selected Observation Wells


Well
County Number


Aquifer


Depth Depth
of well of casing
(in feet) (in feet)


BA 20 Floridan


BR 561
BR 616
CL 54
CL 131
CO 9
DA 18
DA 19


506 140 Water levels affected
by pumping from near -
by wells


Biscayne
Biscayne
Nonartesian
Nonartesian
Floridan
Biscayne
Biscayne


DA 39 Biscayne


DA 72
DA 179
DA 182
DA 196
DA 551

DA 596
DA 618
DA 620
DX 15


DU 206
ES 45
ES 62
ES 62A


Biscayne
Biscayne
Biscayne
Biscayne
Biscayne

Biscayne
Biscayne
Biscayne
Floridan


Floridan
Artesian
Artesian
Nonartesian


GF 30 Floridan


1,920
152
142
18


4



71

11
11
6



1,000
152
142
18


i1 Water levels affected
by pumping
6 Water levels affected
by pumping


Water levels affected
by pumping



Water levels occa-
sionally affected by
pumping
Reported depth


536 300 Water levels affected
by pumping from near -
by wells; reported
depth


Remarks


Bay


Broward
Broward
Collier
Collier
Columbia
Dade
Dade

Dade

Dade
Dade
Dade
Dade
Dade

Dade
Dade
Dade
Dixie


Duval
Escambia
Escambia
Escambia
Gulf







FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


Table 1. (Continued)


Well
County Number


Aauifer


Depth Depth
of well of casing
(in feet) (in feet)


Hendry
Highlands
Highlands
Highlands
Highlands
Highlands
Hillsborough
Hillsborough

Hillsborough


HE 3
HI 9
HI 10
HI 13
HI 14
HI 15
HL 13
HL 30

HL 500


Nonartesian
Nonartesian
Nonartesian
Nonartesian
Nonartesian
Nonartesian
Floridan
Floridan

Floridan


10
26
45
20
35
23
300
500

330


Indian River IR 25 Nonartesian 19
Lee LE 414 Nonartesian 94


Leon
Marion
Martin
Martin


Okeechobee
Okeechobee
Osceola
Osceola
Osceola
Palm Beach
Palm Beach
Pas co
Pine as
Pinel as
Pinellas
Polk
Polk
Polk
Polk
Polk


St. Lrcie
St Lucie
Santa Rnsa
Sarasota
Taylor



Volusia
Yolusia

Wakula


LN 36
MA 5
MN 140
MN147


ST.41A
ST.L4AZ
SR 102
SA 9
TA 35



VO 31
VO 905-
113-3
WA 2


Nonartesian
Floridan
Nonartesian
Nonartesian



Nonartesian
Nonartesian
Nonartesian
Nonartesian
Nonartesian
Biscayne
Nonartesian
Floridan
Floridan
Floridan
Floridan
Floridan
Floridan
Nonartesian
Nonartesian
Floridan


Nonartesian
Nonartesian
Nonartesian
Floridan
Floridan



Floridan

Floridan
Floridan


34 Flowing well; reported
depth
97 Water levels occa-
sionally affected by
pumping
13
60 Water levels affected
by pumping from near -
by wells
38
135 Flowing well
20
73 Water levels affected
by pumping from near -
by wells


sa3 --
351 93


Occasionally flows



Water levels affected
by pumping from near -
by wells



Occasionally flows
Water levels affected
by pumping from near -
by wells; occasionally
flows


Occasionally flows


65 22 Occasionally flows


Remarks


_






INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33


Figure 3. Hydrographs of water levels in selected wells in
Florida in 1960.



Explanation: Elevation in feet referred to mean sea level
(MSL) or land-surface datum (LSD); solid line indicates
elevations in 1960; unshaded portion shows maximum and
minimum of record; broken line indicates normal (average)
for period of record.











INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33


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FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


MIAMI SPRINGS


DA 19 RECORD BEGINS 1940


RECORD BEGINS 1940


OPA-LOCKA


DA 182


,E~I-~M-~








INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33 11



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FLORIDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


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INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33


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INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33


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FLOIIJDA GEOLOGICAL SURVEY


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RECORD BEGINS 1947







INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33


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INFORMATION CIRCULAR NO. 33 19



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