Title: History of Science Society newsletter
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00093941/00035
 Material Information
Title: History of Science Society newsletter
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: History of Science Society
Publisher: History of Science Society
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: July 2010
Copyright Date: 2010
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00093941
Volume ID: VID00035
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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E WVol 9, No July 2010

is S ci e Soc iet

Table of Contents

Notes from the Inside 3
News and Inquiries 5
Member News 12
Siraisi Delivers Haskins Lecture 16
Joseph H. Hazen Lecture 18
What UTeach and the Current
Replication Initiative Mean for the
History of Science 19
Lone Star Historians of Science 24
A Sampling of... 25
How to Equalize Access to Digital
Collections 28
Humanities Advocacy Day 2010 30
Humanities Enjoy Strong Student
Demand but Declining Conditions
for Faculty 32
HSS Preliminary Program 34
HSS Annual Meeting Childcare
Cooperative 54

Welcome To Montreal

Bienvenue h Montr6al! Founded on an island in the St. Lawrence
River in 1642 by Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve, Montr6al is one
of Canada's oldest cities. With a metropolitan-area population of more
than 3.5 million, Montr6al is the largest city in Qu6bec, and the second-
largest in Canada. It is also the Western hemisphere's largest French-
speaking city. Montreal is an academic city, with four large public
universities-two that teach in French (the Universit6 de Montr6al and
the Universit6 du Quebec i Montreal, UQAM), and two in English
(McGill University and Concordia University). With nearly a quarter of
a million enrolled in post-secondary education, Montr6al has a student
population to rival that of Boston.
Guidebooks to Montreal often describe it as one of the most
"European" of North American cities. This may have something to do
with its compact grid ofwalkable Victorian streets, but it is largely to
do with the city's unique linguistic and cultural heritage. Montr6al has
long been known as a place to embrace the good life. It has one of the
most exciting restaurant scenes in North America, with a wide variety
of cuisines and price ranges represented. The city has long boasted a
thriving arts scene, too, with outdoor music festivals in the summer
(the Jazz Festival being the most well-known), a strong theatre scene
(especially in French), as well as the opera company, the symphony
orchestra, a vibrant independent music scene, and-last but by no means
least-the Cirque du Soleil.
One of the most pedestrian-friendly cities in North America,
downtown Montr6al is easily navigable by foot. Bring a coat and an
umbrella, though, since the average high in early November is around
40 F (4.5 C). If it rains, visitors can take cover in the Underground City
(RESO), a large system of tunnels connecting the shopping malls and
subway stations below the city center. The m6tro (subway) and bus system
is efficient and extended, and will allow HSS and PSA guests to explore
the different neighborhoods of the city. Weather permitting, visitors
could take a leisurely walk up Mount Royal, or take a tour of some of
the city's architecture, which spans three centuries of history, from the
neo-Gothic basilica of Our Lady in the Old Port, via the downtown
modernism of I. M. Pei (Place Ville-Marie) and Mies van der Rohe
(Westmount Square), to Buckminster Fuller's geodesic dome built for the
Exposition Universelle of 1967 (now the "Biodome"), on Ile Ste-Helne.

History of Science Society Newsletter


The conference hotel, the Hyatt Regency Montreal, is located at the heart of downtown, in an area the city is
redeveloping and rebranding as the Quartier des Spectacles. This area centers on the Place des Arts complex (where
the city's opera and symphony orchestra have their homes) and the Museum of Contemporary Art, right across the
street from the hotel. New restaurants and cultural venues are being opened up this summer, which will be featured
in the guide to restaurants that will be posted in the early fall. The city has a range of museums (fine arts, modern
art, archaeology, local history), but of particular interest to HSS and PSA guests will be the Stewart Museum on ile
Ste-Helene (for early modern scientific instruments); the Redpath Museum on McGill's main campus (for history
of natural history); the Centre des Sciences in the Old Port; and the Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA),
which we hope will serve as host for the HSS's off-site reception on the Friday evening. Full details will follow.
If this is your first time in Montreal, we hope you will enjoy the city as we do. For those who have already
visited Montreal, we know why you are coming back! Enjoy your stay. Bonne conference.
Margaret Carlyle, Jean-Francois Gauvin, and Nicholas Dew (Margaret Carlyle is a doctoral candidate, Jean-
Francois Gauvin is a Mellon Post-Doctoral Fellow, and Nicholas Dew is an associate professor, all three in the
department of history at McGill University, in Montreal.)

Some websites of interest:
* Montreal tourism (http://www.tourisme-montreal.org/)
* Public transportation (http://www.stcum.qc.ca/English/a-somm.htm)
* List of museums (http://www.museesmontreal.org/en/Montreal_Museums)
* Museums nature de Montreal
(http://ville.montreal.qc.ca/portal/page?_pageid=5557,27853619&_dad=portal&_schema= PORTAL)
* List of restaurants (http://www.restomontreal.ca/index.php?lang=en)
* Montreal underground city (http://en.wikipedia.org/wikilUnderground_City,_Montreal)
* Quarter des Spectacles (http://www.quartierdesspectacles.com/)
* Place des Arts (http://www.laplacedesarts.com/index.en.html

History of Science Society
440 Geddes Hall
University of Notre Dame
Notre Dame, IN 46556
Phone: 574-631-1194; Fax: 574-631-1533
E-mail: info(@hssonline.org
Web site: http://www.hssonline.org/
University of Chicago Press
Phone: 877-705-1878; Fax 877-705-1879
E-mail: subscriptions@press.uchicago.edu
Or write: University of Chicago Press,
Subscription Fulfillment Manager, PO Box 37005,
Chicago, IL 60637-7363
Please notify both the HSS Executive Office and
the University of Chicago Press.

The History of Science Society Newsletter is published in January, April,
July, and October, and sent to all individual members of the Society.
The Newsletter is edited and published in the Executive Office. The
format and editorial policies are determined by the Executive Director
in consultation with the Committee on Publications and the Society
Editor. All advertising copy must be submitted in electronic form.
Advertisements are accepted on a space-available basis only, and
the Society reserves the right not to print a submission. The rates
are as follows: Full page (7 x 9.25"), $625; Horizontal or Vertical Half
page (7 x 4.6"), $375; Quarter page (3.5 x 4.6"), $225. The deadline
for insertion orders is six weeks prior to the month of publication
and should be sent to the attention of the HSS Executive Office. The
deadline for news, announcements, and job/fellowship/ prize listings is
firm: Six weeks prior to the month of publication. Long items (feature
stories) should be submitted eight weeks prior to the month of
publication. Please send all material to the attention of the executive
office: info@hssonline.org.
2010 by the History of Science Society

History of Science Society Newsletter

INotes from the Inside

HSS goes to Notre Dame
As those in academia know all too well, the pulse of summer in the northern hemisphere varies only slightly
from that of the academic year, with days filled with research, reading, writing, and, in some cases, moving. It is
the "moving" part that is dominating my life this summer as we prepare to transition from north central Florida
to northern Indiana.
As members will recall, the suspension of the graduate program at the University of Florida precipitated the
HSS's relocation of the Executive Office. Although the UF administration has remained strongly supportive
of the Office, the Executive Committee believed that the Office should be located at a school with an active
graduate program. And so we have found a new home at Notre Dame, and my ongoing discussions with the
staff and faculty there have convinced me that this relationship will benefit the HSS beyond measure.
The relationship will also benefit the membership in many measurable ways since some of Notre Dame's
generous support can be quantified. The university's help with computer expenses, moving costs, graduate
student stipends, and various other items has been a budget windfall for the HSS. Members may not realize
that the economic downturn was poised to hit us hardest this year because we use a three-year average when
calculating the draw from our endowment (our fiscal year begins 1 July). We thus faced some bleak numbers
and hard decisions due to the recession of 2008. But rather than enduring severe budget cuts, we were able to
create a budget that would have been but a dream 12 months ago. Because of Notre Dame's generosity, we
not only were able to limit our membership dues increase to a modest 1% (rather than the 5% called for in
earlier budgets), we also will be able take a far smaller draw on our endowment than previously planned, both
preserving and building the endowment for the future.

But what makes the move to Notre Dame most special are the people who are there and the dynamic
history and philosophy of science programs. Ernan McMullin and Michael Crowe are no longer
actively involved but Don Howard, Phil Sloan, Chris Hamlin, and many other scholars are building
up the program as they provide guidance for the many graduate students (for a list of faculty, go to
http://reilly.nd.edu/people/reilly_faculty.aspx). Of additional benefit is the strong presence of the philosophy
of science at Notre Dame, which aligns nicely with our partnership with the Philosophy of Science Association.
I predict wonderful things in our partnership with Notre Dame and will discuss those in the next Notes from
the Inside.
I am eager to begin this new chapter in HSS's future.
-Jay Malone
Executive Director, HSS

History of Science Society Newsletter

From the HSS President

Paul Lawrence Farber
Presidents come and go, and two years constitute a short time to effect
lasting change. The on-going work and direction of the Society depends upon /
its committees and dedicated membership, and Presidents therefore often
focus on specific areas for improvement or modification. For the past two
years, as Vice-President, I have helped the past president, Jane Maienschein,
in her effort to move the Society to a fully professional level. This effort
began some time ago with the establishment of a permanent Society Office
and the hiring of an Executive Director. In the past two years, we completed
a major revision of our financial operations and a search for a new location
for the Society's office. During my time as President, I hope to help our Executive Director set up new
quarters at Notre Dame and to help him review and revise how our Office functions. The Office has taken
on quite a number of responsibilities in recent years that make it valuable to our members and which reflects
the complexity of the Society. Central to the changes that are necessary for the Society to achieve its goal of
becoming a fully professional society is a robust website that can allow committees to operate at a greater level of
efficiency and that can better serve as a gateway for information. An ad hoc committee, headed by Mott Green,
will supply advice for this effort.
With a new office and new electronic capabilities, the Executive Committee will be able to refer important
issues to committees with the expectation that they will be discussed and acted upon in a timely fashion. The
Executive Committee, to save time, has in recent years taken upon itself many problems and questions that
might be better addressed by the broadly representative committees of the Society. Our discipline faces a
number of serious problems, many of them caused by our own successes. The growth of history of science, for
example, has resulted in an increasing specialization (like the sciences they study) which threatens our ability to
communicate with the larger public, and often among ourselves. The intellectual diversification of the historical
study of science has also made it extremely difficult to produce works that synthesize our different insights.
Add to the mix that academic funding and "restructuring" is causing havoc among a significant portion of
our members, and one gets a glimpse of the challenges that confront many of us. ( And, let us not forget that
publishing costs threaten the very existence of our ability to produce scholarly monographs, or at least get them
published, and libraries are straining to keep up with even the essential acquisitions that we want.)
The History of Science Society has served as a forum for the serious discussion of the issues facing our discipline,
and with enhanced tools for communication we can continue to help forge strategies that will address our
current concerns. That will take the efforts of a large number of our members, and I hope this brief statement
will serve as an invitation to volunteer to be part of an on-going set of dialogues which address the problems we
face. Each year the Executive Committee agonizes over filling slots on our permanent committees because of
the small pool of volunteers. Your officers can identify issues that are critical, but it is the larger membership
that can provide the expertise and experience to address them. You don't have to wait for the annual call for
volunteers; a simple email to me (pfarber@oregonstate.edu) or Jay (jay@hssonline.org) will put you in the
pool, and identifying your interests/strengths will help place you on a committee where you can be of maximum

History of Science Society Newsletter


ACLS Awards over $15 Million to
2009-10 Fellows and Grantees
ACLS announced the results of its 2009-10 fellow-
ship competitions. Over $15 million was awarded to
more than 380 scholars, both U.S.-based and interna-
tional. This represents an increase of nearly 50% over
last year's total of $10.2 million.
Among the awardees are the first ACLS New Faculty
Fellows. This program, supported by The Andrew
W. Mellon Foundation, allows recent Ph.D.s in the
humanities to take up two-year positions at universi-
ties and colleges across the U.S. where their particular
research and teaching expertise augment departmen-
tal offerings. This initiative addresses the dire situa-
tion of newly minted Ph.D.s in the humanities and
related social sciences who are now confronting an
increasingly "jobless market." Other programs of-
fering funding to young scholars include the Luce/
ACLS Dissertation Fellowships in American Art; the
Mellon/ACLS Dissertation Completion Fellowships;
and the Mellon/ACLS Recent Doctoral Recipients
ACLS fellowships and grants are awarded to individ-
ual scholars for research in the humanities and related
social sciences. "At a time of scarce funding for the
humanities, ACLS is proud to be a major source of
support for humanistic scholarship in the United
States," says Nicole Stahlmann, director of ACLS fel-
lowship programs.
ACLS fellowship programs include:
Traditional ACLS Fellowships
Charles A. Ryskamp Research Fellowships
ACLS Digital Innovation Fellowships
ACLS Collaborative Research Fellowships
American Research in the Humanities in China
Comparative Perspectives on Chinese Culture and
African Humanities Program

* East European Studies Programs
* ACLS Humanities Program in Belarus, Russia,
and Ukraine
Further Information: www.acls.org/fellows/new and
ACLS Fellows in the History of Science,
Technology, Medicine, and Environment 2010-2011
* Karl Appuhn, (New York University), "Meat
Matters: Epizootics, Science and Society in Eigh-
teenth-Century Venice"
Michitake Aso, (University of Wisconsin,
Madison), "Forest Without Birds: Ecology and
Health on the Rubber Plantations of French Colo-
nial Vietnam, 1890-1954"
Melissa A. Bailey, (Stanford University), "To
Separate the Act from the Thing: Technologies of
Value in the Ancient Mediterranean"
Katharine Breen, (Northwestern University),
"Engines of Thought: Allegory and Experimenta-
tion, 1200-1500"
William Cavert, (Northwestern University),
"Producing Pollution: Coal, Smoke and Society in
Early Modern London"
Elizabeth Anne Chiarello, "University of Califor-
nia, Irvine) "Pharmacists of Conscience: Ethical
Decision-Making Across Legal, Political, and
Organizational Environments"
Alex Csiszar, (Harvard University), "Regulating
the Scientific Machine: Print, Classification, and
Community in the Natural Sciences, 1889-1920"
Amanda Jop Goldstein, (University of Califor-
nia, Berkeley) Sweet Science': Poetic Biologies
around 1800"
Pablo Gomez, (Vanderbilt University), "Imagining
Atlantic Bodies: Health, Illness and Death in the
Early Modern African-Spanish Caribbean"
Toshihiro Higuchi, (Georgetown University),
"Nuclear Fallout, the Politics of Risk, and the
Making of a Global Environmental Crisis, 1945-

History of Science Society Newsletter

* Brooke A. Holmes, (Princeton University),
"Feeling Nature: Sympathy in Hellenistic Science,
Philosophy, and Poetry"
Nick Huggett (University of Illinois, Chicago),
Chritian Wiithrich (University of California, San
Diego) "Emergent Spacetime in Quantum Theo-
ries of Gravity"
Alvan A. Ikoku, (Columbia University), "The
Writing of Malaria: 1865-1935"
Catherine Kudlick, (University of California,
Davis), "Disability and the Hidden History of
Smallpox in France, 1700-1900"
Jonathan M. Livengood, (University of Pitts-
burgh), "On Causal Inferences in the Sciences and
Patrick McCray (University of California, Santa
Barbara); Mara Mills, (University of California,
Santa Barbara); Cyrus C.M. Mody, (Rice Uni-
versity), "Micro-Histories and Nano-Futures: The
Co-Production of Miniaturization and Futurism"
Marissa J. Moorman, Indiana University, "Tuning
in to the National: Radio Technology and Politics
in Angola, 1961-2002"
Christopher J. Phillips, (Harvard University),
"The Politics of the Mathematical Mind: The New
Math and the Creation of the American Subject"
Strother E. Roberts, (Northwestern University),
"Harvesting the Woods, Harnessing the Waters:
An Environmental History of the Colonial Con-
necticut Valley"
Adam R. Rosenblatt, (Stanford University), "Last
Rights: Forensic Science, Human Rights, and the
Victims of Atrocity"
Michael Rossi, (MIT), "The Rules of Perception:
American Color Science 1858-1931"
Hsiao-pei Yen (Harvard University), "Discovering
China: Science, Imperialism, and Nationalism in
the Chinese Frontier"

American Academy of Arts and
Sciences Commemoration
Over the past 230 years, the American Academy of
Arts and Sciences has accumulated a large collection
of documents, records, and objects that help tell the
story of the nation's intellectual development since
the latter part of the 18th century. Now the public

is being offered a glimpse into that history through
a new web-based feature, "From the Academy Ar-
chives". To commemorate its founding on May
4, 1780, the Academy announced the new online
resource, located on its web site.

Further Information: www.amacad.org

American Academy of Arts and
Sciences Launches Humanities
Indicators Prototype
The American Academy of Arts and Sciences has
unveiled the Humanities Indicators, a prototype
set of statistical data about the humanities in the
United States. The new on-line resource is available at
Organized in collaboration with a consortium of na-
tional humanities organizations, the Humanities In-
dicators are the first effort to provide scholars, policy-
makers and the public with a comprehensive picture
of the state of the humanities, from primary to higher
education to public humanities activities. The collec-
tion of empirical data is modeled after the National
Science Board's Science and Engineering Indica-
tors and creates reliable benchmarks to guide future
analysis of the state of the humanities. Without data,
it is impossible to assess the effectiveness, impact, and
needs of the humanities.
Further Information:

The American Association for
the History of Medicine Awards
Recipients for 2010
Elliot Weiss received the William Osler Medal, which
is awarded annually for the best unpublished essay
on a medical historical topic written by a student
enrolled in a school of medicine or osteopathy in the
United States or Canada.
Carin Berkowitz received the Shryock Medal, which
is awarded annually to a graduate student for an
outstanding, unpublished essay on any topic in the
history of medicine
Patrick Wallis received the J. Worth Estes Prize,
which is awarded yearly for the best published paper

History of Science Society Newsletter

in the history of pharmacology during the previous
two years, whether appearing in a journal or a book
collection of papers.
Warwick Anderson received the William H. Welch
Medal, which is awarded to one or more authors of
a book (excluding edited volumes) of outstanding
scholarly merit in the field of medical history pub-
lished during the five calendar years preceding the
Matthew Smith received the Pressman-Burroughs
Award, which is awarded annually for outstanding
work in twentieth-century history of medicine or
medical science, as demonstrated by the completion
of the Ph.D. and a proposal to turn the dissertation
into a publishable monograph.
Charles A. Rosenberg received the Lifetime Achieve-
ment Award, which is awarded annually to a member
of the Association who has retired from regular insti-
tutional affiliation or practice, with a distinguished
record of support of the history of medicine over
many years, and who has made continuing scholarly
contributions of a distinguished nature.
Martin Pernick will give the Garrison Lecture at the
2011 meeting in Philadelphia, PA.

Arner Awarded Research
Katherine Arner of Johns Hopkins University, was
awarded a research dissertation fellowship in the
Program in Early American Economy and Society at
the Library Company of Philadelphia.
Arner's topic is "Making Yellow Fever American:
Disease Knowledge and the Geopolitics of Disease in
the Atlantic World, 1793-1822."

Back Issues of Ambix Now Online
The digitization of the back issues of Ambix from
Volume 1 (1937) is now complete and they are now
available for download for those who have access to
the Ingenta Connect.

Further Information: www.ingentaconnect.com/

Call for Manuscripts HOPOS:
The Journal of the International
Society for the History of
Philosophy of Science
The editors of HOPOS invite manuscript submis-
sions for its 2011 inaugural issue. The history of
philosophy of science is broadly construed to include
topics in the history of related disciplines, in all time
periods and all geographical areas, using diverse
methodologies. The journal does not limit submis-
sions to members of HOPOS.

Further Information: www.journals.uchicago.edu/

CFP for KronoScope: Journal for
the Study of Time
Edited by an international board of scholars and
representing the interdisciplinary investigation of all
subjects related to time and temporality, KronoScope
invites critical contributions from all disciplines; sub-
missions are accepted on a continuous basis. As well,
KronoScope is planning a Special Topics issue on the
theme of SLOW TIME\FAST TIME, broadly inter-
preted to provoke discussion on the widest spectrum
of the subject, including but not restricted to "decel-
eration" and "resistance" to both speed and accelera-
tion, as well as forms of awareness-building, etc.
Further Information: www.brill.nl/kron and

Database Bibliografia Hist6rica
sobre la Ciencia y la Tecnica en
Espafa Updated
The Bibliograffa Hist6rica sobre la Ciencia y la T6cnica
en Espafia (Historical Bibliography on Science and
Technology in Spain) has been updated under the
direction of Maria Luz L6pez Terrada and Julia Osca
Lluch. The update of this database, developed by the
Institute de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia
L6pez Pifiero (L6pez Pifiero Institute for the History
of Medicine and Science), has been funded by the
Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation.
The database brings together the largest number of
works in the history of science and technology pub-

History of Science Society Newsletter

lished in Spain or by Spanish authors all over the
world. One of its main aims is to facilitate access to
the information produced in Spain on the history of
science and technology, as most of this research is local
or regional and, therefore, it is not always present in
national and international bibliographical databases.
Access to the new database is provided on-line for
free. The new version includes significant improve-
ments, such as a wider coverage, more fields for every
bibliographic record, different search options, and
new possibilities to export and download data in a
personalized way and in different formats (TXT,
Word, PDF or Excel).

Further Information:

Exhibit Opening-The Art
of Science: Exploring and
Documenting the Natural World
The collaborative work of three pioneering scientists,
who joined the Owen/Maclure community in 1826,
will be the subject of Historic New Harmony's 2010
exhibition, open 10 April through 30 December.
The Art of Science will feature original art, insect
specimens, 19th-century scientific equipment and
rare books borrowed from the collections of His-
toric New Harmony, the Working Men's Institute,
the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia,
Museum d'Histoire Naturelle du Havre, and other
institutions. Local, state and international presenters,
addressing a variety of related topics, will be featured
in the companion programming offered in New
Harmony throughout the nine-month show.

Further Information:
www.usi.edu/hnh/science.asp lsspradley@usi.edu

History of Medicine Website,
Science Museum London
The new history of medicine website of the Science
Museum London has now been completed. In all it
now presents 4000 new images of artifacts from the
collections linked to 16 specialized themes on medi-
cine across time, written by staff and other profes-
sional historians of medicine. Each theme is associ-

ated with bibliographies and interactive suitable for
teaching at several levels.
The themes are: Belief and medicine; Birth and death;
Controversies and medicine; Diagnosis; Diseases
and epidemics, Hospitals; Mental health and illness;
Practising medicine; Public health; Science and medi-
cine; Surgery; Technology and medicine; Medical
traditions; Treatments and cures; Understanding the
body; War and medicine.

Further Information:

History of Scientific Ideas Journal
Announcing the first issue of Almagest, the new
international journal for the history of scientific ideas
diffused by Brepols publishers. Please find a descrip-
tion of the journal and details for subscriptions at

Further Information:

IHPST Newsletter
The latest newsletter of the International History,
Philosophy, and Science Teaching group is available

Further Information:

In Memoriam: Edward Stewart
Kennedy (1912-2009)
by Christoph J. Scriba
Edward Stewart Kennedy was the world's leading
scholar in the history of Islamic astronomy and
mathematics in the second half of the 20th century.
Ted, as he was known to his friends, was born in
Mexico on 3 January 1912. His numerous books and
articles set the standard and provided the inspiration
for several generations of students. Among his most
noteworthy publications are his Survey of Islamic As-
tronomical Tables, featuring 125 such works, which
appeared in 1956; several books on the astronomy
and mathematical geography of Islam's greatest scien-

History of Science Society Newsletter

tist al-Biruni; the 1983 volume Studies in the Exact
Islamic Sciences and his 1998 Variorum volume As-
tronomy and Astrology in the Medieval Islamic World.
One of his most remarkable discoveries was that the
solar, lunar and planetary models of Ibn al-Shatir ca.
1350 were identical to those of Copernicus 150 years
A graduate in electrical engineering, after four years
of teaching at Alborz College in Tehran, where he
learned Persian, Kennedy obtained a doctoral degree
in mathematics at Lehigh University in Bethlehem
PA and taught at the University of Alabama. He
returned to Tehran with the US Army in 1941,
studied Arabic at Harvard after the war and in 1946
joined the faculty of the American University of
Beirut. Every fourth year he spent in the US where he
worked, especially with Otto Neugebauer at Brown
University and Princeton. In 1976 Ted began an
association with the newly-founded Institute for the
History of Arabic Science at the University ofAleppo,
assumed the editorship of the new journal published
there, and together with his wife Mary-Helen ned
Scanlon was responsible for the excellence of the first
few issues of their journal.
The Kennedys were forced to leave their home in
1984 when staying in Lebanon became too danger-
ous. Eventually they moved to Princeton in 1988 and
finally settled in Doylestown PA in 1999, where Ted
died on 4 May 2009.

The International Society for the
History of Philosophy of Science
2010 Meeting
Please note that the program for the 2010 Meeting
of the International Society for the History of Phi-
losophy of Science (HOPOS), which was held June
24-27 in Budapest, Hungary, is posted on the con-
ference website.

Further Information:
www.hopos2010.ceu.hu/node/2777 and

Lloyd Library Announces New
Online Exhibit
The Lloyd Library and Museum is pleased to an-
nounce its newest online exhibit "In Search of Birds
at the Lloyd." While the Lloyd is well-known for its
remarkable collection of botanical and pharmaceuti-
cal resources, perhaps only a handful of people know
that its collection also includes significant holdings
on diverse biological subjects. This exhibit opens a
window onto our vast resources of zoological materi-
als with a spotlight on ornithology.

Further Information:

New Journal: Philosophy &
The range of coverage is very broad and interdisci-
plinary. It includes classic problems in philosophy of
technology and original approaches to them, theories
of technology, methods and concepts in technology,
as well as theoretical topics and topics dealing with
practical problems concerning the nature, the devel-
opment and the implications of technologies. Par-
ticular attention is paid to new areas of philosophical
interest-such as nanotechnologies, medical, genetic
and biotechnologies, neurotechnologies, information
and communication technologies, AI and robotics, or
the philosophy of engineering-and the philosophi-
cal discussion of issues such as environmental risks,
globalization, security, or biological enhancements.

Announcing a Doctoral Program
in Cultural Astronomy and
Archaeoastronomy at Ilia State
Submitted by Irakli Simonia
The title of this new, four year program is "Cultural
Astronomy and Archaeoastronomy." The program
begins in October of this year and is free of charge.
It also has no age restrictions. All of the exams are
held in English and will focus on specialties (such as
astronomy). In order to be considered active in the
program participants must spend three months in
Georgia per year. The rest of the year can be complet-
ed elsewhere. However, participants may also spend

History of Science Society Newsletter

up to 8 months per year in Georgia if they so desire.
Additionally, the university will assist participants by
providing inexpensive accommodations.
The program's courses include cultural astronomy
and archaeoastronomy, landscape archaeology, a
special course in astronomy and history of the ancient
world. Possible subjects of research available include,
but are not limited to megalithic culture and astron-
omy, antique temples-cultural and astronomical
significance, ethnoastronomy-folk traditions, oral
stories, relict legends, medieval astronomy-obser-
vatories and manuscripts, from sun observatories to
calendar, astronomical thinking in Europe and Asia
at Bronze Age, ancient constellations in the Cauca-
sus, Europe, Asia, America. Upon completion of the
four-year program participants will obtain a normal
academic degree Ph.D. along with an Ilia State Uni-
versity diploma.

PSA Election 2009 Election
Governing Board
Stephan Hartmann of Tilburg University, Roberta
Millstein of the University of California-Davis,
Nancy Nersessian of the Georgia Institute of Tech-
nology, and Andrea Woody of the University of
Washington were elected to the Governing Board for
the PSA, where each will serve a two-year term from
January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2011. The
Officers of the PSA congratulate Professors Hart-
mann and Millstein, and congratulate and welcome
back Professors Nersessian and Woody for their
second terms on the PSA Board.
The Officers also offer deep appreciation and thanks
to Craig Callender of the University of California-
San Diego and Alan Hijek of the Australian National
Research University, both of whom are stepping
down from the Board after serving two consecutive
two-year terms.
Nominating Committee
Margaret Morrison of the University of Toronto,
C. Kenneth Waters of the University of Minnesota,
and Alison Wylie of Cambridge University/Univer-
sity of Washington were elected to serve as the new
Nominating Committee for the PSA, where each

will serve a two year term beginning January 1, 2009
and ending December 31, 2011. Along with a con-
gratulations to the new Nominating Committee, the
Officers of the PSA warmly thank the PSA's previ-
ous Nominating Committee, comprised of its chair,
James Joyce of the University of Michigan, Rachel
Ankeny of the University of Adelaide, and Roman
Frigg of the London School of Economics and Politi-
cal Science. The proposed amendment to the PSA's
By-Laws passed, 244-15. That means that in the
upcoming 2010 PSA Election new Governing Board
members will be elected to serve a single term of four
years, and also limited to serving one consecutive
term. The revised version of the PSA By-Laws will be
posted shortly on the website.
Of the 755 Full Members of the PSA eligible to
vote at the election's start, 267, or slightly more
than 35%, voted electronically in response to email
solicitations. This is a slight drop from the 38%
turnout for 2008, possibly to be attributed to this
being an odd-numbered, and thus non-Presidential,
PSA Election.

Further Information:

Join us in Montreal for the
2010 joint meeting with PSA

History of Science Society Newsletter

The Yale Program in History of Science and Medicine
is pleased to announce the appointment of William
Rankin as Assistant Professor of History effective July
1, 2011. Rankin is completing a joint doctorate at
Harvard in the History of Science and the History of

The Chemical Heritage Foundation is pleased to
announce the appointments of the Beckman Center
Fellows for the academic year 2010-2011. CHF will
welcome 6 long-term fellows and 10 short-term
fellows. Below are the fellows, their affiliations, and
the title of their research topics.
Long-Term Postdoctoral Fellows
1. Tayra Maria Carmen Lanuza-Navarro (University
of Valencia, Spain), Edelstein Fellow: "Alchemy,
Astrology and Books of Secrets: Ideas and
Practices before the Spanish Inquisition"
2. Donna Messner (University of Pennsylvania),
Cain Fellow: "The Origins of Medical Foods and
their Regulation"
3. Cesare Pastorino (Indiana University), Cain
Fellow: "'Minerall Tryalls': Metal Assaying and
Experiment in Early Modern England"
4. Nasser Zakariya (Harvard University), Haas
Fellow: "The Matter of Life: The Role of
Chemistry in the Scientific Epic"
Long-Term Dissertation Fellows
1. Melanie Kiechle (Rutgers University), Haas
Fellow: "'The Air We Breathe': Nineteenth-
Century Americans and the Search for Fresh Air"
2. Christine Nawa (Universitit Regensburg,
Germany), Price Fellow: "Robert Wilhelm
Bunsen's Research Style and His Teaching"

Short-Term Fellows
1. Jos6 Ram6n Bertomeu-Sinchez (University
of Valencia, Spain), Doan Fellow, 1 month:
"Between Science and Crime: Mateu Orfila and
Nineteenth-Century Toxicology"
2. Matthew Crawford (Kent State University),
Herdegen Fellow, 3 months: "Chemistry in the
Eighteenth-Century Spanish Atlantic: An Under
appreciated Imperial Science?"
3. William Goodwin (Rowan University), Allington
Fellow, 2 months: "Resolving a Controversy: The
Non-Classical Ion Debate"
4. Catherine (Cai) Guise-Richardson (Mississippi
State University), Ullyot Scholar, 2 months:
"Mind and Matter: the Development and
Marketing of Thorazine and Stelazine at Smith,
Kline & French"
5. Vangelis Koutalis (University of Ioannina,
Greece), Allington Fellow, 3 months: "The
Historical Significance of Chemistry as a
Philosophical Inquiry"
6. Jordi Mora Casanova (Universitat Aut6noma
de Barcelona, Spain), CHF Fellow, 3 months:
"Alchemical Reminiscences of Modern Chemists
in 19th Century"
7. Alexander Pechenkin (Lomonosov Moscow State
University, Russia), Allington Fellow, 2 months:
"The Social History of Quantum Chemistry in
the USSR (1950-1991)"
8. Linda Richards (Oregon State University),
Doan Fellow, 3 months: "Disrupting Hozho:
A Comparative History of Nuclear Science and
Radiation Safety in University Research and
Uranium Mining"
9. John Stewart (University of Oklahoma),
Allington Fellow, 2 months: "Beyond Chemistry:
Affinity as a Unifying Principle in Science at the
Turn of the Nineteenth Century"
10. Brigitte Van Tiggelen (M6mosciences / Universit6
catholique de Louvain, Belgium), Soci&~ de
Chimie Industrielle (American Section) Fellow,
3 months: "The Chemists' Blues: The History of
Prussian Blue and Modern Chemistry"

History of Science Society Newsletter

Warwick Anderson's The Collectors ofLost Souls:
Turning Kuru Scientists into Whitemen (Baltimore:
Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008) was awarded
the 2010 William H. Welch Medal of the American
Association for the History of Medicine (AAHM)
and the 2009 New South Wales Premier's General
History Prize. Warwick's New Guinea research was
featured in the October 2008 HSS Newsletter-

Carin Berkowitz has been named the new Asso-
ciate Director of the Beckman Center for the History
of Chemistry at the Chemical Heritage Foundation
in Philadelphia, PA. Carin will begin her duties in
August 2010 after completing her PhD disserta-
tion defense in the Science and Technology Studies
Department of Cornell University. She was a Phila-
delphia Area Center for History of Science (PACHS)
Fellow in 2009-2010.

Krishna Dronamraju's forthcoming book,
Haldane, Mayr and Beanbag Genetics, Oxford Univer-
sity Press, 2010, sums up the classic debate between
J.B.S. Haldane and Ernst Mayr on the significance
of the mathematical contributions of R.A. Fisher,
J.B.S. Haldane and S. Wright to the theory of evolu-
tion. The book includes the correspondence between
Haldane and Mayr.

Jim Endersby, senior lecturer at the University
of Sussex, has been appointed a Distinguished Inter-
national Scholar at the University of Pennsylvania.
He will be teaching and researching in the Depart-
ment of History and Sociology of Science during the
2010-11 academic year.

Mark Finlay (Armstrong Atlantic State Univer-
sity) won the Agricultural History Society's Theodore
Saloutus Memorial Prize for the best book on agricul-
tural history published in 2009, for his book Growing
American Rubber: Strategic Plants and the politics of
National Security (Rutgers, 2009).

Monica H. Green, Arizona State University,
and Florence Eliza Glaze, Coastal Carolina Uni-
versity, received a grant from the National Humani-
ties Center (Research Triangle Park, NC) to support
a project "Excavating Medicine in a Digital Age:
Paleography and the Medical Book in the Twelfth-
Century Renaissance." The grant will support an
intensive weekend of discussion of a group of histori-
ans and paleographers to examine the extant medical
manuscripts from ca. 1075-ca. 1225.

Also, Professor Green and Rachel Scott
(Arizona State University) have received $45,000
funding from the Institute for Humanities Research
at ASU to conduct a year-long project entitled: "The
Origins of Leprosy as a Physical Disease and Social
Condition in Medieval Western Europe." The project
seeks to create ways to open up dialogue between
the history of medicine and the historicist scientific
disciplines ofpaleopathology, genomics, and paleomi-

Piers Hale (University of Oklahoma) was
awarded the University of Oklahoma's 2010 General
Education Teaching Award. This award is given "to
the faculty member whose teaching is considered to
have contributed most to the University-wide general
education program." It is the first time this award,
inaugurated in 1994, has been given to a member of
OU's History of Science Department.

History of Science Society Newsletter
Rod Home (Emeritus Professor of History and Suzanne Moon has been granted tenure and
Philosophy of Science, University of Melbourne) was promoted to Associate Professor in the Department of
recently appointed a Member of the Order of Aus- the History of Science at the University of Oklahoma.
tralia (AM) "for service to education as a scholar and
archivist of the history and philosophy of science."

Susan D. Jones' (University of Minnesota)
book, Death in a Small Package: A Short History of
Anthrax, will be published this fall by The Johns
Hopkins University Press in time for HSS. Further

Rich Kremer will be spending the 2010-11 year
at the Max Planck Institute for History of Science
in Berlin, studying the history of the concept/collec-
tion/preservation of "data" in astronomy for a project
entitled "Sciences of the Archive."

Steven J. Livesey was honored by the Univer-
sity of Oklahoma with an appointment to the Brian
E. and Sandra O'Brien Presidential Professorship.
Presidential Professorships are awarded to OU faculty
members "who excel in all their professional activities
and who relate those activities to the students they
teach and mentor," and who exemplify "the ideals of a
scholar through their endeavors in teaching, research
and creative scholarly activity, and professional and
university service."

Roy MacLeod, Professor Emeritus of History,
University of Sydney, is this year's Charles A. Lind-
bergh Fellow at the National Air and Space Museum,
Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.

Adrienne Mayor's (Stanford University) book
The Poison King: Mithradates, Rome's Deadliest Enemy
(Princeton UP 2009) was one of five finalists in Non-
fiction for the National Book Award 2009. It also
won the Gold Medal for Biography in the Indepen-
dent Publishers' Book Awards 2010.

Bruce Moran has been named the Dibner Dis-
tinguished Fellow of the History of Science and Tech-
nology at the Huntington Library for 2010-2011.

Lawrence Principe (John Hopkins University)
was awarded the F. C. Donders Visiting Professorship
at the University of Utrecht, where he will spend four
months and, incidentally, but not randomly, escape
the Baltimore summer.

Gregory Radick has been promoted to a profes-
sorship in history and philosophy of science at the
University of Leeds.

Stephen Randoll received his Ph.D. from St.
Louis University this past May, along with the
Thomas P. Neill Outstanding Dissertation Award for
his dissertation titled "The Politics of Public Health
in Chicago, 1850-1930." This past June he ac-
cepted a one-year appointment teaching history at St.
Charles Community College in Missouri.

George Saliba (Columbia University) was ap-
pointed as a Carnegie Scholar for the years 2009-
2011, for a project to study "The Encounter between
Modern European Science and Islamic Societies." The
project will allow him to visit several European and
Middle Eastern Manuscript collections.

Darwin H. Stapleton has been appointed
Professor in the Department of History at the
University of Massachusetts-Boston. He will serve
as Director of and teach in the four-course archives
track within the department's M.A. in history.
Prospective students are invited to contact him at:

History of Science Society Newsletter

Wesley M. Stevens (History, University of Win-
nipeg) has accepted appointment as Visiting Profes-
sor of Classics at the University of Manitoba. He
has been awarded a Collaborative Research Grant
of $120,000.from the National Endowment for the
Humanities-for the project: "Latin Mathematical
and Scientific Terms before A.D. 1200." His collabo-
rators are Dietrich Lohrmann (Aachen, Germany)
and James Dobreff (Lund, Sweden). They expect to
produce a lexicon of 2200 Latin words which have
been omitted from Latin dictionaries or have been
poorly defined, neglecting their mathematical or
other scientific meanings, and thereby creating a
misunderstanding of Roman and medieval cultures
to the neglect of the sciences.

James E. Strick has been elected chair of the De-
partment of Earth and Environment at Franklin and
Marshall. His term runs from 1 July 2010 through 30
June 2013.

Edith Dudley Sylla (North Carolina State Uni-
versity) has been named by the Koninklijke Neder-
landse Akademie van Wetenschappen (Royal Neth-
erlands Academy of Sciences) Visiting Professor in
the Center for the History of Philosophy and Science
at Radboud University, Nijmegen. The appointment,
which began in May 2010, includes visits over the
period of the following year.

Ron B. Thomson and Menso Folkerts (Munich)
have created a list of the 600+ manuscripts in the
history of science and mathematics owned by Prince
Baldessaro Boncompagni (1821-1894), which was
dispersed by auction in Rome in 1898. They have
added current shelf-marks for over 200 of these items.
This list has now been posted at the website where
there is a link to "Boncompagni Manuscripts."

Further Information: thomson@chass.utoronto.ca
and www.warburg.sas.ac.uk/mnemosyne/

Virginia Trimble was awarded a Doctora
Honoris Causa from the University of Valencia in Feb
2010. She also received the Georges van Biesbroeck
Prize from the American Astronomical Society, which
was announced earlier this year.

Elly Truitt (Bryn Mawr) was awarded a Scholar's
Award from the NSF for the upcoming year (2010-11),
to finish her book on medieval automata.

Rienk Vermij has been promoted to Associate
Professor in the Department of the History of Science
at the University of Oklahoma.

Ron Rainger's Retirement Reward

Pictured from left to right: John Beatty, Gregory Good,
Mott Greene, Anita Guerrini, Keith Benson, Ron Rainger,
Helen Rozwadowski, Naomi Oreskes, Jane Maienschein,
Michael Osborne

To commemorate Ron Rainger's impending
retirement from the Department of History at Texas
Tech University, a number of his close colleagues
(many of whom were fellow graduate students) gath-
ered for a one-day meeting in Lubbock on 11 January
2010. Jane Maineschein (Arizona State), Mott
Greene (University of Puget Sound), Greg Good
(American Institute of Physics), Naomi Oreskes (UC
San Diego), John Beatty (University of British Co-
lumbia), Helen Rozwadowski (University of Connect-
icutt), Michael Osborne (Oregon State University),
Anita Guerrini (Oregon State University), and Keith
Benson presented short papers that often featured
reflections on Rainger's own work or his influence on
the work of his colleagues.

History of Science Society Newsletter

The idea for the meeting came from Jane Maien-
schein, who then coordinated the actual content of
the meeting with Mott Greene. Rainger's colleagues
at Texas Tech helped to organize the setting for the
meeting, to arrange departmental support for the
social events, and to serve as emcees for the actual
presentations. Financial support also came from
the Provost's Office at Texas Tech, the Department
of History, Arizona State University (Maienschein),
Hornung Research Fund (Guerrini), and several
Rainger's colleagues joined him the day before the
meeting for a wonderful meal in his home, arranged
by his wife Judy. The talks in Rainger's honor were
delivered the next day to a large audience in the
Student Union Building on campus, an audience
consisting of many of his former and current stu-
dents, his colleagues at Texas Tech, and many close
friends and family members. The celebratory day
also included a luncheon hosted by the Department
of History for the speakers and a fabulous reception/
dinner following the major event and hosted in the
home of two of Rainger's colleagues.
Perhaps the most poignant moment was at the end
of the day-long meeting when Rainger was asked to
come to the stage. There, one of his graduate students
presented him with a plaque commemorating his long
career as a teacher and scholar. It should be noted
that Rainger has won every possible teaching award at
Texas Tech. It was abundantly clear from the recep-
tion he received from the audience that he will always
be remembered as one the greatest teachers at the
University. As he grasped the award, Rainger was at
a loss for words...and there was not a dry-eye among
the audience. It was truly an honor for all of us to
acknowledge such a wonderful friend and colleague.
Keith R. Benson
Vashon Island, Washington

So Long and Thanks for All the Fish

Many of you have commented on the superb
work of Michal Meyer, who served as managing
editor for the HSS Newsletter for nearly 7 years. As a
graduate student in the HSS office, she taught herself
Quark and then InDesign so as to create a captivat-
ing look for the Newsletter. She introduced numerous
feature items-profiles of graduate programs, photo
essays, workplace viewpoints, and various other News-
letter standards-and worked tirelessly as she solicit-
ed, edited, and proofread hundreds of articles, cover-
ing some 26 issues of the Newsletter. Her new duties
as the Editor in Chief and as Manager of Public
Programming at the Chemical Heritage Foundation
will keep her from assisting with future issues of the
Newsletter, and she has our profound thanks for her
many years of work. She also is to be congratulated
for finishing her dissertation on Mary Somerville and
receiving her doctorate-well done, Michal.

The HSS Executive Office is
moving to Notre Dame!

Our new contact information,
effective 16 August 2010, is:

History of Science Society
440 Geddes Hall
University of Notre Dame
Notre Dame, IN 46556

Phone: 574-631-1194
Fax: 574-631-1533

Our email addresses and web site
URL will remain the same:

E-mail: info@hssonline.org
Web site: http://www.hssonline.org/

History of Science Society Newsletter

Siraisi Delivers Haskins Lecture

Most HSS members probably know the American
Council of Learned Societies best as the source of
high prestige fellowships in the humanities for which
they compete, often with great success. (See the list
of recent fellows in this Newsletter.) The ACLS,
however, does much more than fund research. Since
its founding in 1919, it notably provides a forum at
which leaders of its 70 constituent societies discuss is-
sues of significance for all scholars in the humanities;
for example, the 2010 ACLS annual meeting featured
a major session on the Google Book Settlement and
its implications for scholarship, and on how learned
societies and their members could take best advantage
of it.

Since 1983, however, the highlight of all annual
meetings has been the Charles Homer Haskins Prize
Lecture, presented by an especially distinguished
scholar nominated by one of the constituent societies,
who is asked to address "A Life of Learning." For
2010, ACLS's 28th Haskins Prize Lecturer was HSS
member and Sarton Medal Laureate Nancy Siraisi,
Distinguished Professor Emerita of History at Hunter
College and the Graduate Center of the City Univer-
sity of New York.

Historians of science know Professor Siraisi well.
They've studied and learned from her many books,
including Avicenna in Renaissance Italy: The Canon
and Medical Training in Italian Universities after 1500
(1987) and The Clock and the Mirror: Girolamo Car-
dano and Renaissance Medicine (1997). They've read
"A Visit with Nancy Siraisi," the insightful interview
conducted by Michal Meyer that appeared in the
HSS Newsletter in January 2004. And they've heard
her gracious and thoughtful acceptance speeches on
her receipt (in 1991) of the Watson Davis and Helen
Miles Davis Prize for Medieval and Early Modern
Medicine: An Introduction to Knowledge and Practice
(1990), and (in 2003) of the Sarton Medal.

From left to right: Pauline Yu, ACLS President; Nancy
Siraisi; Nobu Siraisi

Her Haskins Lecture appraisal of her "Life of
Learning" was equally gracious. After reviewing her
early education in England, she recounted the direct
and indirect impact, over the years, of her teachers
and collaborators. She first noted Pearl Kibre, long-
time Professor of History at Hunter College, who
served as her mentor, and whose encouragement first
inspired her to seek a scholarly career. Indeed, in
1970 she succeeded Professor Kibre at Hunter Col-
lege. Others whom she mentioned included Lynn
Thorndike (author of the 8 volumes of History of
Magic and Experimental Science, 1923-1958), Paul
Oskar Kristleller (himself a Haskins Prize Lecturer
in 1990), and Michael R. McVaugh, her co-editor of
Osiris 6 (1990), Renaissance Medical Learning: Evolu-
tion ofa Tradition. In characterizing her scholarship
as a matter of good luck rather than good manage-
ment, she noted the continuous support of her hus-
band, the artist Nobu Siraisi, and of her sons. She
also traced the evolution of her scholarly interests over
the years and highlighted her fascination with Giro-
lamo Cardano-whom she described as a great teller
of stories-who led her from the Middle Ages into
the Renaissance.

History of Science Society Newsletter
Throughout her lecture Professor Siraisi reiter-
ated a point she had emphasized when she accepted
the Society's Sarton Medal: that is, the importance of
public support for higher education and, especially, for
public universities. She thus emphasized the student-
ship that allowed her to study at St. Hilda's College,
Oxford (B.A., 1953) and then, after her migration to
the United States, the financial assistance from Hunter
College that supported her Ph.D. studies at the City
University of New York. Indeed, she noted, if one
were needed, this was the moral of her talk.

In first nominating Professor Siraisi for the
Haskins Prize Lectureship, the History of Science
Society was joined by three other ACLS constituents:
the American Association for the History of Medi-
cine (which awarded her its William Henry Welch
Medal in 1985 for Taddeo Alderotti and His Pupils.
Two Generations of Italian Medical Learning; 1981), the
Renaissance Society of America (which she served as
President, 1994-1996), and the Medieval Academy of
America, of which she is an Emeritus Fellow. In-
deed, in introducing Professor Siraisi's Lecture, ACLS
President Pauline Yu noted how unusual-perhaps
unique-were such multi-society nominations. She
also noted that, since Professor Siraisi had first been
nominated, she has been honored with a MacArthur

Addressing less celebratory and more routine mat-
ters, the 2010 annual meeting also reviewed the roster
of ACLS fellowship recipients. Over the years histo-
rians of science have competed successfully for just
about all of these fellowships, and we all would do well
to consider the range of support that ACLS provides
for scholarship through these programs.

Delegates and officers of the nominating societies. Front
Row: Margaret Humphreys, American Associationfor
the History ofMedicine; Nancy Siraisi; Peggy Brown,
Medieval Academy ofAmerica; Michael Sokal, HSS;
Nancy Partner, MedievalAcademy ofAmerica. Back
Row: Michael Allen, Renaissance Society ofAmerica;
John Monfasani, Renaissance Society ofAmerica, Jay
Malone, HSS. Photo courtesy of Marc Barag.



The Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at
Harvard University awards 40 funded residential
fellowships each year designed to support
scholars, scientists, artists, and writers of
exceptional promise and demonstrated

For more information, please contact:
Radcliffe Application Office
8 Garden Street
Cambridge, MA 02138

History of Science Society Newsletter

With a nod to Picasso, Richard W. Burkhardt, Jr.,
Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Illi-
nois, Urbana-Champaign, introduced the third bienni-
al History of Science Society Joseph H. Hazen Lecture
in New York City on April 28, 2010, with his original
reinterpretation of Picasso's 1955 painting, A Faun with
Stars. Burkhardt's composition of the French zoolo-
gist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, gazing at a giraffe, with
starfish overhead, was inspired by Picasso's grizzled
starry eyed faun (a symbolic romantic rendering of the
74 year-old artist), looking longingly at a nubile nymph
(representing 28 year-old Jacqueline Rouge, whom he
later married) playing the pipe while stars twinkled
around their heads. Picasso's work was given as a gift to
the Metropolitan Museum of Art by Joseph Hazen in
1970 and is featured in the Museum's recent exhibit of
its Picasso's collection.

The HSS Hazen Lecture was endowed in Joseph
Hazen's honor by his daughter, Cynthia Hazen Polsky,
a Met trustee, and is co-sponsored by the History of
Science Society with the Section for History and Phi-
losophy of Science and Technology of the New York
Academy of Sciences, the City University of New York
Liberal Studies, Bioethics, Science and Society Lecture
Series, the Metropolitan New York Section of the His-
tory of Science Society, Columbia University Colloqui-
um for Science, Technology, Medicine and Society and
the University Seminar in History and Philosophy of
Science, and New York University, The Gallatin School
History of Science Lecture Series. The Lecture was
hosted in the Skylight Room of the City University of
New York Graduate Center, located in the former B.
Altman Department Store landmark building on Fifth
Avenue at 34th Street.

In his paper, "Lamarck at the Zoo," Burkhardt dis-
cussed the early years of the Paris Museum of Natural
History, founded in 1793, and the significance of the
many momentous scientific contributions made by the
distinguished faculty of the Museum and the coinci-
dental, yet quixotic, founding under its aegis of the
first new zoo of the modern era. He also explored the
topic of the French as "collectors" of art and animals in

the late 18th century, describing the Museum's partici-
pation in a special "festival of liberty" that celebrated
the "triumphal entry" into Paris of art treasures confis-
cated in Italy, along with the arrival of various exotic
animals that had been confiscated in other countries or
collected in North Africa.

As professor of invertebrate zoology Lamarck first
announced his broad theory of organic evolution to his
students at the Museum in 1800. The following year,
he took on the task of overseeing the new menagerie.

His service in this capacity, which lasted only
thirteen months, showed Lamarck to be a good citizen
of the Museum, but it had no apparent influence on
his evolutionary theorizing. Ironically, the man who
is known for a theory that emphasized the transforma-
tive effects of animal habits focused in his practice on
specimens that were dead.

With this as a starting point, Burkhardt proceeded
to discuss how the question of what might be learned
from animals in a menagerie illuminates the relations
between theory and practice in French zoology in this
period. He contrasted Lamarck's efforts with those
of Frd&6ric Cuvier, the younger brother of Georges
Cuvier, the Museum's famous comparative anatomist.
Installed in the new post of menagerie superintendent
in 1803, Frd&6ric Cuvier sought over the next three
and a half decades to establish a new science of animal
behavior. As another irony, Frd&6ric Cuvier proved to
be a great champion of the idea of the inheritance of
acquired characters (the idea usually remembered as
the key feature of Lamarck's evolutionary theory), but
he neither credited Lamarck with this idea nor believed
that the inheritance of acquired characters could go so
far as to produce genuine species change.

Through the consideration of the provenance of
the Museum's specimens, the contingent events that
shaped the individual careers of Lamarck and Frd&6ric
Cuvier, and the relations between theory and practice,
Burkhardt illuminated a variety of key themes that
characterized the golden age of French zoology.

Joseph H. Hazen Lecture:
"Lamarck at the Zoo"

Richard W Burkhardt, Jr., 28 April2010

History of Science Society Newsletter

What UTeach and the Current
Replication Initiative Mean for the
History of Science
by Bruce Hunt andAlberto Martinez

What part should the history of science play in
science education? In particular, what part should
it play in the education of science and mathematics
teachers? These have been perennial questions in
our field, and ones that loom large in discussions of
how we might best reach a wider audience. These
questions also have a direct bearing on the job market
for historians of science.

Thirteen years ago, the University of Texas at
Austin launched a new program designed to improve
the training of secondary school science and math-
ematics teachers. Known as "UTeach," it offers a
coordinated set of nine courses, including substan-
tial student teaching opportunities, through which
students are able to complete their majors in science
or mathematics while earning a teaching certificate
in four years. UTeach has been very successful and
has grown rapidly. In 2006, the UTeach Institute was
established to replicate the program at other universi-
ties, backed by funding from the National Math and
Science Initiative and the ExxonMobil Corporation.
The first thirteen universities chosen as replication
sites each received $1.4 million grants, with another
$1 million per program after the first five years. Sub-
sequent sites have received different funding packag-
es. UTeach has recently attracted national attention,
notably from President Barack Obama and Education
Secretary Arne Duncan. With backing from several
foundations, efforts are now underway to replicate
the UTeach model at twenty-one other universities
across the country. [See box on next page.]

From the start, a special course in the history of
science has been an integral part of the UTeach pro-
gram, and is now a required component of the repli-
cation efforts. The course, "Perspectives on Science
and Mathematics," is designed to introduce future
teachers to the history of their subject, to encourage
them to think about how science and mathematics
have developed over time, and to give them ways to

Alberto Martinez (right) with students at the UTeach
Institute conference in Austin in May, 2010.

incorporate historical issues and materials into their
future classroom teaching. At Texas, the course has
mainly been taught by historians of science (initially
by Bruce Hunt, and later by Abigail Lustig and Al-
berto Martinez); in the past, philosophers of science
(including Fred Kronz and Jeff Leon) sometimes
taught it as well, though always with a strong histori-
cal focus. Approximately 44% of our students are
math majors, 22% are biology majors, 9% are chem-
istry majors, and the rest specialize in other sciences.
The course does not aim to turn our students into
historians, though of course we are happy if they are
drawn to the subject. Rather, our aim is to give them
a broader context to help improve their teaching of
science or mathematics, to equip them with tools and
materials they can later use in their own classrooms,
and to expose them to the idea that science and
mathematics have a history that is worth knowing.
Most of our students begin the course with little or
no background in the history of science or math-
ematics, and it often takes some "missionary work"
to convince them of the value and importance of the
subject. But it is very rewarding when students begin
to see how history can illuminate broader questions
in their fields.

By history of science standards, the numbers
involved in the UTeach program are large. Starting
from zero in 1997, the program now enrolls over 600
students at UT Austin, with over two thousand more
at just the first cohort of thirteen replication univer-
sities. (In just three semesters of implementation,

History of Science Society Newsletter

Original UTeach program: location

1. University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX

First cohort of replication sites:

2. Northern Arizona University Flagstaff, AZ

3. University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, CA

4. University of California, Irvine Irvine, CA

5. University of Colorado, Boulder Boulder, CO

6. University of Florida Gainesville, FL

7. Florida State University Tallahassee, FL

8. University of Kansas Lawrence, KS

9. Western Kentucky University Bowling Green, KY

10. Louisiana State University Baton Rouge, LA

11. Temple University Philadelphia, PA

12. University of North Texas Denton, TX

13. University of Texas at Dallas Dallas, TX

14. University of Houston Houston TX

Second cohort of replication sites:

15. University of Colorado, Colorado Springs Colorado Springs,CO

16. Cleveland State University Cleveland, Ohio

17. University of Memphis Memphis, TN

18. Middle Tennessee State University Murfreesboro, TN

19. University of Tennessee, Knoxville Knoxville, TN

20. University of Tennessee, Chattanooga Chattanooga, TN

21. University of Texas at Arlington Arlington, TX

22. University of Texas at Tyler Tyler, TX

program name



Cal Teach Berkeley

UCI Cal Teach

CU Teach





Geaux Teach


Teach North Texas

UTeach Dallas


UCCS Teach

CSU Teach

UTeach Memphis




UTeach Arlington

UTeach Tyler

Universities in the first cohort applied for and received their replication grants earlier, so that several of them are already

teaching the "Perspectives" course.

History of Science Society Newsletter

students' interest in UTeach at those thirteen sites
exceeded all expectations, growing from an enroll-
ment of 519 in 2008 to over 2,400 in the spring of
2010.) As the existing replication programs grow, and
as more programs are launched, these numbers will
increase substantially. Moreover, UTeach graduates
are now teaching in middle school and high school
classrooms and exposing their students to ideas and
approaches gained in the program, including the
"Perspectives" course. UT Austin estimates that, as
of 2009, UTeach graduates had already taught close
to a quarter of a million secondary school students,
and that number grows each year. The UTeach In-
stitute projects that by 2016, graduates of programs
modeled on UTeach will have taught an additional
1.2 million students, with that number also continu-
ing to rise thereafter. These numbers constitute one
of the largest audiences that historians of science
can hope to reach, and ensuring that future teachers
receive a sound and appropriate exposure to the field
ought to be a priority for our discipline.

For now, the UTeach replication effort presents
a pressing task to our discipline: the need to ensure
that the "Perspectives" courses in new programs
are taught by qualified historians of science, rather
than being left to instructors from other fields who
may be ill-equipped to carry out its goals. When
the UTeach program started in 1997, and as the
first group of replication programs began in 2007,
administrators assigned existing faculty members-
often but not always historians of science-to
teach "Perspectives." This sufficed at first, but as
enrollments have grown, new faculty members have
been hired, and more new hires will be needed. A
major problem, however, is that each local program
freely determines who will teach "Perspectives"
at that particular university. Accordingly, several
universities have assigned the course to be taught
by instructors in education, mathematics, or science.
Although it lays out certain supervisory criteria of
fidelity, the UTeach Institute does not oversee the
process by which individual faculty are selected at
each university. Therefore, we strongly encourage
anyone seeking to pursue one of these positions
to contact the directors of the particular program
directly with an expression of your qualifications and

interest. You may also seek information from one of
the site coordinators by contacting Kim Hughes at:

Moreover, there will very likely soon be a job op-
portunity in Austin. In 2003, the UT Department of
History hired Abigail Lustig specifically to teach "Per-
spectives," and over the next several years she contrib-
uted enormously to the evolution of the course and
to laying the groundwork for the replication effort.
Unfortunately, the complications of coordinating the
job in Texas with a husband and three small children
in France eventually led her to give up the position,
and this year the University of Texas plans to search
for a replacement, preferably with a specialization in
the history of the life sciences, to start in fall 2011.
Further information about the search will be issued

Among the replication programs, the only new
hire of a historian of science so far is Kristine Harper
at Florida State University. It is noteworthy that she
secured the position thanks to her own initiative, and
we encourage job seekers to contact program direc-
tors at replication sites now rather than waiting for
job listings that might never be posted. Historians of
science at universities where replication programs are
being launched should take steps to ensure that "Per-
spectives" courses are properly staffed, as called for in
the replication guidelines. This is not just a matter of
finding jobs for members of our discipline; it is about
ensuring that teachers of science and mathematics,
and the generations of students who will pass through
their classrooms, are given a sound and appropriate
foundation in the history of science.

In a time of budget cutbacks and an uncertain
academic job market, UTeach and the programs
modeled on it offer a promising avenue for the expan-
sion of our field. They also offer important opportu-
nities-and responsibilities-for our discipline as a
part of public education.

For further information, please
visit www.uteach.utexas.edu
and www.uteach-institute.org.

History of Science Society Newsletter

About UTeach

at The University of Texas at Austin

D he UTeach program at the University of Texas at
Austin began in 1997 as a new way of introducing
undergraduate math and science majors to
secondary school teaching. Dr. Mary Ann Rankin, Dean of
the College of Natural Sciences, made teacher preparation
a strong college priority and initiated a partnership with
the College of Education, the College of Liberal Arts, and
the Austin Independent School District to improve the
program for secondary mathematics and science teacher
preparation. UTeach's mission is to recruit, prepare, and
retain qualified STEM (science, technology, engineering,
and mathematics) teachers.

*560 students are currently enrolled in the UTeach Austin program.
*Since 2001, over 540 students have graduated from the UTeach Austin
88% of UTeach graduates enter the teaching profession.
More than 80o% of UTeach graduates who enter the teaching profes-
sion are still teaching five years after graduating.
The Program employs ten full-time, award-winning master teachers as
full-time clinical faculty to work with students preparing to be teachers.
*The Program works with 300 mentor teachers in local school districts.
On average, 100 students per semester receive internships, scholar-
ships, or local school district fellowships.
Approximately one-quarter (27%) of all UTeach students come from
two key underrepresented minority populations (i.e., Hispanic and
African American).

Collaboration between Colleges of Sciences, Education, Liberal Arts,
the Austin Independent School District and other area districts.
Active recruitment of science and mathematics majors to take the
two initial one-hour UTeach courses free of charge.
Early and continuous field experiences throughout the program.
Compact degree plans that allow most students to graduate with both
a degree and teacher certification in four years.
The UTeach course sequence integrates themes important to STEM
education, including technology, equity, assessment, and how stu-
dents learn mathematics and science.
Continuous support provided by experienced successful teacher lead-
ers hired as full-time clinical faculty in the program.
Courses taught by faculty who are actively engaged in research in
mathematics and science, history of mathematics and science, and/or
in the teaching and learning of mathematics and science.
Integrated pre-service courses that focus on teaching both mathemat-
ics and science and are based on recent research in STEM teaching
and learning.
UTeach offers two years of comprehensive induction support for
UTeach graduates.
UTeach offers a Master's program.


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Sof Graduates 2 33 46 40 66 74 74 70 66

College of Natural Sciences I The University of Texas at Austin
1 University Station-G2550 I Austin, TX 78712-0549
www.uteach.utexas.edu I Phone 512 232 2770

^^^^^^^^^^ UTEACH AUST^^^^IN 1 2000-2009 ^^^^^^^^

History of Science Society Newsletter

UTeach National

ReplicationSPRING 2010

U established in 2006, the UTeach Institute at the University of

Texas at Austin provides assistance and direction to institutions
of higher education to replicate the UTeach program. The
Institute employs a comprehensive approach to ensure full program
implementation and sustained, measurable success.

In 2007, the UTeach Institute, in partnership with the National Math
& Science Initiative (NMSI) and the Texas High School Project (THSP),
selected 13 universities to receive grants to replicate the UTeach teacher
preparation program. In just three semesters of program implementation,
interest in UTeach among students across this first group of universities
has exceeded all expectations with the number of new students growing
from 519 in the fall of 2008 to 1,113 in the fall of 2009.

InJanuary, 2010, a second cohort of eight universities began implementing
UTeach, further contributing to a growing national community working
to strengthen STEM teacher preparation nationwide.




Sof Graduates 541
Teacher Retained 486

Z 842812 1.289,261

492, 551



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o y
4 *'"

2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
685 698 712
616 628 641



"To continue to cede our leadership in
education is to cede our position in the
world....America's leadership tomorrow
depends on how we educate our students
today, especially in science, math and

Remarks by President Obama on the
"Educate to Innovate" Campaign and Science
Teaching and Mentoring Awards.
JANUARY 6, 2010.

*Funding models include nation-wide, state-level, and
local replication initiatives
SA grant of $1.4 million supports program implementation
at one university over a five-year period.
SThe grant funding structure promotes sustainability,
requiring university commitment to fund increasing
percentages of program costs over a five-year period,
working toward permanent institutional funding of the
SNational and Texas state-level replication initiatives
are funded by NMSI, the Texas High School Project,
the Greater Texas Foundation, ExxonMobil, and the
Michael and Susan Dell Foundation.
SThe Tennessee Higher Education Commission and State
Department of Education partnered to allocate federal
education block grants to fund a statewide replication

Cohort 1
Florida State University FSU-Teach (FSU)
Louisiana State University Geaux Teach (LSU)
Northern Arizona University NAUTeach (NAU)
Temple University TUteach (TU)
University of California, Berkeley Cal Teach Berkeley (ucB)
University of California, Irvine UCI Cal Teach (UCI)
University of Colorado at Boulder CUTeach (CU)
University of Florida UFTeach (UF)
University of Houston teachHouston (UH)
University of Kansas UKanTeach (KU)
University of North Texas Teach North Texas (TNT) (UNT)
University of Texas at Dallas UTeach Dallas (UTO)
Western Kentucky University SKyTeoch (WKU)

Cohort 2
Cleveland State University, CSUTeach (csu)
Middle Tennessee State University, MTeach (MTSu)
University of Colorado at Colorado Springs, UCCS Teach (uccs)
University of Memphis UTeach MEmphis (uM)
University of Tennessee, Chattanooga UTeaChattanooga (UT)
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, VolsTeach (UTK)
University of Texas at Arlington, UTeach Arlington (UTA)
University of Texas at Tyler, UTeach Tyler (ITT)


The UTeach Institute's mission is to support replication of
the UTeach teacher preparation program at universities
across the United States and to lead efforts toward con-
tinuous improvement of the UTeach program model. The
singular goal of these efforts is to increase the number
of highly qualified science, technology, engineering, and
mathematics (STEM) teachers nationwide.

The University of Texas at Austin
College of Natural Sciences
1 University Station G2550
Austin, TX 78712
512 232-2770

History of Science Society Newsletter

Lone Star Historians of Science

Bruce Hunt, 28 April 2010

From left to right: Tom Williams, Bruce Hunt, Frank Benn, Ludy Benjamin, Cyrus Mody, Steve Kirkpatrick, Victo-
ria Sharpe, and Anthony Stranges. Not pictured: Adam Jones, Gil Russell, and Ian Russell.

The Lone Star History of Science Group held its
twenty-third annual meeting on 26 March 2010 at
Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas. The
gathering was hosted by Professor Anthony Stranges of
the A&M History Department, with help from Profes-
sor Ludy Benjamin of the Psychology Department.

The speaker this year was Professor Adam Jones
of the Texas A&M Biology Department. Following
up on the topic of a paper he published last year in
the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,
Jones spoke on "Mate Choice and Sexual Selection:
What Have We Learned Since Darwin?" Drawing
on Charles Darwin's discussions of sexual selection in
both The Origin of Species and The Descent ofMan, and
Selection in Relation to Sex, Jones addressed the subse-
quent history of ideas about sexual selection and its role
in evolution, and discussed its relevance to his own re-
cent work on the formation of species in seahorses and
pipefish, in which the male carries the fertilized eggs
until they hatch, thus reversing the direction of many
of the usual factors in mate choice. After an interest-

ing discussion, the group went off to a local Italian
restaurant for dinner and more conversation.

Each spring, the Lone Star Group draws together
historians of science, technology, and medicine from
around Texas to discuss their shared interests and enjoy
a friendly dinner. Its constitution, adopted over dinner
in an Austin restaurant in 1988, provides that there
shall be "no officers, no by-laws, and no dues," and
the group remains resolutely informal. The next Lone
Star meeting will be held at the University of Texas at
Austin in March or April 2011. Anyone interested in
being added to the group's mailing list should contact
Professor Bruce J. Hunt of the University of Texas His-
tory Department at bjhunt@mail.utexas.edu.

History of Science Society Newsletter

A Sampling of ...

partial listings www. hssonline. org

A sampling of Jobs & Fellowships
For a complete listing, go to:

Junior Position in Science and Religion at
Harvard Divinity School
Deadline: 08/15/2010
Further Information:

Assistant Professor, Europe/Science at Missouri
University of Science and Technology
Deadline: 08/15/2010
Further Information:

Assistant Professorship at Missouri University of
Science and Technology
Deadline: 12/1/2010
Further Information:

Social History of Medicine: Post of Co-Editor
Further Information:

A sampling of Grants & Prizes
For a complete listing go to:

Arts and Humanities Research Council
Collaborative Doctoral Awards: Social and
Animal Histories of Bristol Zoo
Deadline: 10/01/2010
Further Information:

National Humanities Center Fellowships 2010-
Deadline: 10/15/2010
Further Information:

Wagner Fellowship in Philosophy of Risk
Deadline: 11/15/2010
Further Information:

A sampling of recent Lectures and
For upcoming talks and conferences go to:

20 May. Ms Anna Winterbottom (Queen Mary,
University of London) "Botanical networks and
material medical of Madras 1660-1720"

26 May. Naomi Oreskes (University of California,
San Diego) "Knowing Global Environments: New
Historical Perspectives on the Field Sciences"
Further Information:

Continued on next page

History of Science Society Newsletter

Continued from previous page
30 May. Annual Conference of the Israeli Society
of History and Philosophy of Science
Further Information: http://www.ishps.org/default.

3 June. James Delbourgo (Rutgers University) "Sir
Hans Sloane's milk chocolate and the whole history
of the cacao."

7-8 June. "Hans Sloane Conference," British
Further Information:

15 June. Kelly Joyce "Creating Networks and Social
Worlds: The Rise of the Category Autoimmune
Disease in the United States" AAAS-CHF History
Further Information:

16 June. Re-Envisioning the Science and Religion
Further Information:

22-27 June: "The International Society for the
History of Philosophy of Science (HOPOS) 2010
Meeting," Budapest, HU.
Further Information: http://www.hopos.org

26-30 June: 12th International Conference on the
History of Science "Multi-Cultural Perspectives on
the History of Science and Technology in China."
Further Information: http://english.ihns.cas.cn/ns/
am/200901/t20091014 45083.html

28 June-2 July. "Encounters of Sea and Land",
Turku, FI
Further Information:
http://eseh2011.utu.fi/cfp, timmyl@utu.fi

8-10 July. Circulating Ideas in Seventeenth-
Century Europe: Networks, Knowledge, & Forms
Further Information:

9-11 July. Australasian Association for the
History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Science
(AAHPSSS) Conference in Sydney
Further Information:http://www.usyd.edu.au/aahpss/

12 July-6 August 10 NEH Summer Seminar
Series "Descartes, Galileo, Hobbes: Philosophy and
Science, Politics and Religion during the Scientific
Further Information: www.princeton.edu/-neh

Conferences & Colloquia with
upcoming deadline submissions
For a Complete Listing Go to:

The 26th Boulder Conference on the History and
Philosophy of Science. 10/22/2010-10/24/2010
Special Keynote Speakers: Naomi Oreskes, University
of California (San Diego) and Peter Ward, University
of Washington (Seattle)
Papers should be of suitable length for a thirty-
minute presentation. Faculty and graduate students
are encouraged to submit. Graduate students whose
submissions are accepted for presentation will receive
$100 US towards their travel expenses.
Deadline: 9/1/2010

Continued on next page

History of Science Society Newsletter
Continued from previous page 11th EMBL/EMBO Science and Society
CFP: Berlin Roundtables on Global Health Conference The Difference between the Sexes-
Politics "Health Politics in an Interconnected From Biology to Behavior, 11/05/2010-11/06/2010,
World:The Production of Evidence-Negotiating Heidelberg, Germany.
Access The Politics of Locality" 12/01/2010- This well-established conference series brings together
12/05/2010 a wide range of scientists, philosophers, science
Up to 50 successful applicants of the essay communicators, policy makers, and members of the
competition will be invited to discuss their research public in engaging debate. In total, four sessions with
with prominent scholars at the Social Science keynote talks and panel discussions are planned for
Research Center Berlin. The Irmgard Coninx the two days at the 2010 conference
foundation will cover the costs for travel and Deadline 10/15/2010
accommodation. Further Information: ruth.hazlewood@embl.de
Deadline: 9/3/2010 http://intranet.embl.de/training/courses_conferences/
Further Information: http://www.irmgard-coninx- conference/2010/SNS10-01/index.html

Chemical Weather and Chemical Climate: Body,
CFP: 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Place, Planet in Historical Perspective, Gordon
Association for the History of Medicine Cain Conference on the history of atmospheric
04/28/2011-05/02/2011. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. chemistry at the Chemical Heritage Foundation in
Abstracts deadline 9/15/2010. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, March 31-April 1, 2011.
Further information: selederer@wisc.edu, The 2011 Gordon Cain Conference seeks papers
http://histmed.org and posters that present original research, examine
historiographical issues, and/or pursue historical
syntheses in the field of atmospheric chemistry
CFP: Uncovering the Tradition of Vitalism in (broadly defined). Special consideration will be
20th Century Literature, 04/07/201104/10/2011 given to contributions addressing issues of scale-for
This panel seeks to examine literary texts that example lungs, locales, and trans-boundary issues-
may be termed vitalistt," as well as to account for and exploring interdisciplinary perspectives involving
the historical rise of vitalism and its influence on literature, art, architecture, and related fields. Papers
modernist literature. may also involve case studies of chemical industries,
Deadline: 09/30/2010 governance, regulation, and litigation. Presenters
Further Information: plongo@gmail.com are encouraged to emphasize the social relevance of
their research and to communicate the results of their
research in forms accessible to the interested public.
Deadline 11/1/2010
Further information: Professor James R. Fleming,

History of Science Society Newsletter

How to Equalize Access to Digital

by Daniel Goldstein, University of California, Davis

It is no news that scholars at major universities
have better access to research materials than do their
colleagues elsewhere. But lately, there has been
growing concern that the imbalance is getting worse
because of the way that digitized collections are
being made available. It turns out that, in terms of
equalizing access, digitization is a mixed bag.

On the one hand, the great promise of digital
technology is that it makes it easy to create and
share endlessly perfect copies of an original without
any lessening of quality. But on the other, the real-
ity is that digitization of primary source materials is
expensive, and the variety of economic models un-
der which it is done lead to widely divergent levels
of access.

Some digitized collections (frequently those
produced by libraries or museums) are freely avail-
able to anyone with internet access. But many of
the largest, most important databases are commer-
cial products. Two distinct aspects of commercial
production affect the problem of access in two quite
different ways.

First, most databases are not sold at a simple fixed
price. Instead, price may be established on a sliding
scale according to the size of the subscribing institu-
tion. It's hard to know exactly what these products
cost, since the license agreements are confidential but
some vendors do publish scales that give you an idea
of how great the difference in relative cost can be.
For example the "Premium Collection" of academic
journals from Project Muse can cost as much as
$36,400 annually for a research university or as little
as $2,000 for a high school. Sliding scales like that of
Project Muse help equalize access-but only to a de-
gree. Most databases are priced high enough at every
level to strain a library's budget.

Second, libraries typically don't purchase a
database, only access to it. Even when "perpetual

access" is bought, use of the database is constrained
not only by copyright but by license agreements
that are typically more restrictive than the law. For
example, you can't interlibrary loan databases in the
way that you can microfilm sets. They are licensed
for use only by a defined population at the sub-
scribing institution. Thus, although digitization
technology makes widely distributed access easy, the
commercial context of database production actually
makes sharing more difficult.

One reason such restrictions are so detrimental
to scholars is that, in addition to providing access to
research materials, databases also facilitate their use.
Data that might require years of scrolling through
microfilm to assemble might now be retrieved in
hours. As one historian told me recently, she is at
a competitive disadvantage because her university's
library can't acquire a database that others working
in her field can use to their advantage.

Most historians of science (even those employed
in higher education) do not work at institutions
wealthy enough to purchase every database they
need. In order to facilitate their research we need to
encourage both the vendors of databases and those
who license them to think creatively about their
agreements. I think that universities and learned
societies both need to do more to extend and equal-
ize access to research databases to scholars regardless
of their employment situation.

Here are a few suggested steps that might be
taken in this direction. They are all based on two
propositions. First, we work in a capitalist context
so we must try to expand access to databases with-
out compromising the vendors' legitimate interest in
making a profit. Second, the expense of a database
lies in its production not its distribution; the real
cost of providing access to an individual is negli-

History of Science Society Newsletter

* More universities should sign licenses to permit
access to unaffiliated scholars. Typically, public
universities may do so now and private ones do
not. Most of the licenses signed by the Univer-
sity of California, for example, define a legal user
of a database as (in part) anyone who is physically
on the campus. In addition, where I work, we
have public access terminals in the library that
anyone can use.

* We know that most graduates of doctoral pro-
grams do not find jobs at research universities; is
it unreasonable to suggest that universities should
facilitate the ongoing research programs of their
Ph.D.s? (More than that, I believe it should be
their obligation). Libraries should negotiate
licenses that permit universities to provide access
for graduates of their doctoral programs who are
not working at research institutions. As long as
such access was limited in this way, it wouldn't
cut into the vendors' profits.

Learned societies like HSS could offer a similar
service. Perhaps they could contract with rel-
evant database providers to provide time-limited
access to a limited number of their members--on
condition that those members are unaffiliated
scholars or meet some other criteria. Again, such

an action would not cut into vendor profits. Al-
ternatively, of course, the database provider could
offer such access directly.

* Vendors should extend the sliding scale of sub-
scription costs to make time-limited access afford-
able on an individual basis to unaffiliated scholars.
Learned societies or some other agency could also
offer their members grants to offset those costs.

* Finally, England offers yet another type of model
to consider-but probably one that won't work
in the United States. There, a kind of national
consortial organization licenses research databases
for most of the publically funded Higher Educa-
tion and Further Education institutions in the
state. Depending on the license, these databases
are either free to the institution or available at a
cost (priced on a sliding scale) much below that
of a separate subscription.

Any of these ideas would help make research
opportunities more democratic and independent
of place of employment while at the same time
acknowledging the various economic realities in
which we work. All of them require universities and
learned societies to revise their sense of their obliga-
tions toward the alumni and membership.

History of Science Society Newsletter

Humanities Advocacy Day 2010

by Debbie Ann Doyle

On March 8 and 9, 2010, more than 200 college
and university teachers, museum professionals, librar-
ians, archivists, and independent scholars, gathered
in Washington, D.C., for the 2010 national confer-
ence of the National Humanities Alliance (NHA),
of which the AHA is a member. The conference was
combined with Humanities Advocacy Day, when 98
participants, including HSS Director, Jay Malone,
fanned out across Capitol Hill to visit 127 House and
Senate offices to urge support for federal agencies that
sustain research, education, public programs, and
preservation in history and other fields.

On Monday, participants gathered at George
Washington University to discuss the state of the
humanities and the role of the humanities in public

A keynote address by Jim Leach, chair of the
National Endowment for the Humanities, was a
highlight of the program. Speaking about the endow-
ment's new thematic emphasis, "Bridging Cultures,"
Leach argued that the humanities matter most in
trying times. Referring to the wars in Afghanistan
and Iraq, he asked, "Wouldn't it be wiser to have a
cultural component of understanding prior to enter-
ing a conflict rather than after?" Observing that we
are in a polarized political climate in which partisans
bandy about "truly history-blind conceptualizations,"
he suggested the necessity of studying the history of
American debates about how we can "come together
as a society and respect each others' views and yet
stay together as a people." The American people are
socially divided and don't understand what is hap-
pening in the world and in the country, he argued,
and in this situation, "not to advance the humanities
would be an inhuman judgment."

A series of policy briefings highlighted the NHA's
legislative priorities. A modest increase in funding
for the National Endowment for the Humanities

(NEH) is a primary goal. The endowment can cur-
rently fund only 17 percent of the grant proposals
it receives, indicating a tremendous unmet need; in
contrast, the National Science Foundation funds 32
percent of proposals. The alliance is also urging that
the NEH should receive funding for grants to gradu-
ate students, as it is one of few federal grant making
agencies that do not directly support student research.
Starting in 2010, students will be able to attend NEH
summer seminars and institutes, a response to sugges-
tions from the humanities community.

Speakers noted the current uncertainty about the
fate of the Teaching American History grant pro-
gram. The president's budget proposal consolidated
the grants with other education programs in the arts,
foreign languages, and civics into a new authority
called "Effective Teaching and Learning for a Well-
Rounded Education." Participants were urged to
advocate for preserving the largest single source of
federal funding for history education, either separate-
ly or as part of the new authority, and for maintain-
ing current funding levels.

The alliance is also requesting a modest budget
increase and reauthorization for the National Histori-
cal Publications and Records Commission, a small
and relatively inexpensive but vital program that has
faced elimination in the past.

NHA is partnering with the American Associa-
tion of Museums to urge reauthorization and a mod-
est increase to the agency's 2011 budget. Participants
in the upcoming Museums Advocacy Day will in
turn argue for increased NEH funding.

Other priorities include the Jacob K. Javits
Fellowship Program, which provides four years of
support for students pursuing doctoral degrees in the
arts, humanities, and social sciences. It is the only
federal fellowship for graduate students in the hu-
manities. The NHA is also supporting small funding

History of Science Society Newsletter

increases for the Fulbright Hays International Educa-
tion Programs and the Foreign Language Assistance

A common theme at the meeting was the urgent
need for calling attention to the need for humanities
funding in a difficult economic and political year.
Legislators are concerned about the deficit, but also
hesitate to cut popular programs. Although most
agree on the importance of education funding, there
is a temptation to focus more on vocational and
scientific fields. Martha Kanter, under secretary of the
U.S. Department of Education, suggested that ad-
vocates remind legislators that the humanities "teach
people to think critically and in context" and are
essential for a well-rounded education, an informed
citizenry, and for training the kind of flexible work-
force necessary in a changing economy.

At an evening reception at the Rayburn House
Office Building's Gold Room sponsored by History,

D,,1L6L mII I
the Humanities Alliance's immediate past president,
John Churchill, received an award for his outstanding
contributions to the humanities community.

The full tables at the conference demonstrated
that the humanities community understands the need
to communicate the importance of scholarship and
public programs in the humanities to Congress. For
more information about the National Humanities
Alliance and the policy issues discussed at the confer-
ence, see www.nhalliance.org.

Debbie Ann Doyle, the AHA's administrative man-
ager, also serves as the Association's Public History

Reprinted with permission from the American His-
toricalAssociation's Perspectives magazine (April 2010)

History of Science Society Newsletter

Humanities Enjoy Strong Student Demand but Declining Conditions
for Faculty: New Data Available on College and University Humanities

CAMBRIDGE, MA-The humanities continue
to play a core role in higher education and student
interest is strong, but to meet the demand, four-year
colleges and universities are increasingly relying on a
part-time, untenured workforce.

Those are among the findings from the Humani-
ties Departmental Survey, conducted by the American
Academy of Arts and Sciences and a consortium of
disciplinary associations. The survey includes data
collected from English, foreign language, history,
history of science, art history, linguistics, and religion
departments at approximately 1,400 colleges and
universities. It is the first comprehensive survey to
provide general cross-disciplinary data on humanities

The results are available on the Academy's Hu-
manities Resource Center Online at www.Humanities-
Indicators.org. All data should be cited as from the
American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Humanities
Indicators, http://www.HumanitiesIndicators.org.

According to the Humanities Departmental Survey:

* Across the humanities, but especially in English
and combined English/foreign language depart-
ments, the professoriate at four-year colleges and
universities is evolving into a part-time workforce.
During the 2006-2007 academic year, only 38
percent of faculty members in these departments
were tenured. English departments had the great-
est proportion of non-tenure-track faculty (49

* When minors are included, undergraduate
participation in humanities programs is about
82 percent greater than counting majors alone
would suggest. For the 2006-2007 academic
year, 122,100 students completed bachelor's
degrees and 100,310 completed minor degrees in

the three largest humanities disciplines-
foreign languages, and history.


* Reflecting the demands of a global economy, stu-
dent interest in foreign language is strong-during
the 2006-2007 academic year, foreign language
departments awarded 28,710 baccalaureate degrees
and had the largest number of students complet-
ing minors (51,670). Yet investment in a stable
professoriate to teach and study foreign languages
and literatures appears to be declining, with a
significant reduction in recruitment of full-time
faculty members (39 percent fewer recruitments
for full-time positions in 2008-2009 than hires
for 2007-2008) and fewer total graduate students
than faculty members, the only surveyed discipline
for which this was the case.

* Turnover rates among humanities faculty were
low (only 2.5 percent of humanities faculty left
the profession through departure, retirement, or
death during the two academic years preceding the
survey). Combined with recently instituted hiring
freezes on many campuses, career opportunities for
the next generation of scholars (there were approx-
imately 84,000 graduate students in the surveyed
fields during the 2006-2007 academic year) are

* Approximately 87 percent of humanities depart-
ments reported that their subject was part of the
core distribution requirements at their institution.

The survey results provide a snapshot of U.S.
humanities departments at the end of the first decade
of the 21st century. The survey covers a broad range
of topics, including numbers of departments and
faculty members, faculty distributions by discipline,
courses taught, tenure activity, undergraduate majors
and minors, and graduate students. The data provide

History of Science Society Newsletter

new information about each of the disciplines; they
also allow comparisons across disciplines. These data
are especially important because the U.S. Department
of Education has indefinitely suspended the only
nationally representative survey providing informa-
tion about humanities faculty (the National Study of
Postsecondary Faculty).

Several national disciplinary societies collaborated
with the Academy to develop, field, and interpret
data gathered by the Humanities Departmental Survey:
the American Academy of Religion; American His-
torical Association; College Art Association; History
of Science Society; Linguistic Society of America;
and the Modern Language Association. The Ameri-
can Council of Learned Societies and the American
Political Science Association also provided important
assistance. The survey was administered by the Sta-
tistical Research Center of the American Institute of
Physics, which also performed the basic data analysis.

Even though the humanities disciplines represent
an essential core of the liberal arts curriculum, they
have long been data deprived. The empirical data
now available in the survey, along with the rich col-
lection of information already found in the Humani-
ties Indicators, begin to fill that gap and to establish
baselines that will allow stakeholders to track trends
in the future. The Academy hopes that the Humani-

ties Departmental Survey can be expanded to include
additional disciplines and updated regularly, produc-
ing trend data that could be incorporated into the
Humanities Indicators.

The Humanities Indicators include data covering
humanities education from primary school through
the graduate level; the humanities workforce; humani-
ties funding and research; and the humanities in civic
life. Modeled after the National Science Board's Sci-
ence and Engineering Indicators, the Humanities Indica-
tors serve as a resource to help scholars, policymakers,
and the public assess the current state of the humani-
ties. Launched in January 2009, the Academy contin-
ues to update and expand the Humanities Indicators.

The Academy looks forward to working with the
National Endowment for the Humanities to advance
this critical work.

The Teagle Foundation provided support for the
Departmental Survey project and grants from the
William and Flora Hewlett, Andrew W. Mellon, and
Rockefeller Foundations have advanced the Acad-
emy's overall humanities data initiative.

Those who wish to receive announce-
ments of new data and research on the hu-
manities can subscribe to an email alert system at

History of Science Preliminary Program Thursday

HSS Preliminary Program
Montreal, QC 2010
Joint meeting with the Philosophy of

(Please note that institutional affiliations will be added
for the finalprogram. TBD = To be determined. For a
more recent version ofthe program, go to:
hssonline. org/Meeting/201 OHSSMeeting/index. html)

THURSDAY, November 4, 2010

1:00-5:00 PM
HSS Council Meeting

5:30 7:00 PM
Plenary: The Challenges and
Opportunities of Interdisciplinary
(Sponsored by the Committee on Education)
Chair: John Lynch, Arizona State University
Organizer: Kristin Johnson, University of Puget
1. Making Better Scientists: HPS in the Science
Curriculum, Hanne Andersen, University of
Aarhus, Denmark
2. Applied History of Science, Melinda Gormley,
University of Puget Sound
3. HPS in the Science Curriculum: History
and Philosophy at the Lab Bench, Andrew
Hamilton, Arizona State University
4. Why Do I Have to Take This STS Class?,
Kristin Johnson, University of Puget Sound

7:30 8:30 PM
Opening Reception
(joint reception with PSA, cash bar)

7:30 8:30 PM
Newcomers' Welcoming Reception and
Mentor-Mentee Gathering

Science Association

FRIDAY, November 5, 2010

7:30 8:45 AM
HSS Women's Caucus Breakfast

9:00-11:45 AM
Genes and Mechanisms in the Case of
Cystic Fibrosis: Philosophical, Historical
and Social Perspectives.
Chair and Commentator: Miriam Solomon, Temple
Organizer: Susan Lindee, University of Pennsylvania
1. A Disease About to Disappear, Susan Lindee,
University of Pennsylvania
2. Mechanisms, Mutations, and Rational Drug
Therapy in the Case of Cystic Fibrosis, Lindley
Darden, University of Maryland
3. Examining Problems with Using 'Mechanistic'
Evidence for Managing Cystic Fibrosis, Jeremy
Howick, University College London
4. Is My Sick Child Healthy? Is My Healthy
Child Sick?: Changing Parental Experiences
of Cystic Fibrosis in the Age of Expanded
Newborn Screening, Rachel Grob, Sarah
Lawrence College (Child Development

Community and Isolation in the Ancient
Chair and Commentator: Alexander Jones, Institute
for the Study of the Ancient World
Co-Organizers: Daryn Lehoux, Queen's University;
Serafina Cuomo, Birkbeck College
1. Accounts, Democracy, and Numeracy in
Classical Athens, Serafina Cuomo, Birkbeck
2. Authorial Immunity: Rethinking
Disembodied Knowledge in Early Greek

History of Science Preliminary Program Friday

Medical Writing, Brooke Holmes, Princeton
3. How is Praying to Statues like Talking to
Houses?, Daryn Lehoux, Queen's University
4. Mapping Ancient Science, Reviewl Netz,
Stanford University

Science and Popular Culture: Making and
Communicating Natural Knowledge
Chair and Commentator: Lynn Nyhart, University of
Wisconsin, Madison
Organizer: Lukas Rieppel, Harvard University
1. Genres of Synthesis, and the Works of George
Gamow, Nasser Zakariya, Harvard University
2. The Only Real Skeleton in Europe.
Diplodocus, Andrew Carnegie, and German
Rivalry, Ilja Nieuwland, Huygens Institute of
he Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences
3. Zen and the Art of Textbook Writing, David
Kaiser, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
4. Collectors for Hire: Charles Sternberg and the
Commercial Fossil Trade, 1870-1930, Lukas
Rieppel, Harvard University

Scientific Institutions and Nazism
Chair and Organizer: Mark Walker, Union College
1. The Research Program "The History of the
German Research Foundation, 1920-1970,"
Karin Orth, University of Freiburg, Germany
2. The Meaning of Apology. Survivors of Nazi
Medical Crimes and the Max Planck Society,
Carola Sachse, Max Planck Institute for the
History of Science
3. The German Physical Society During the
Third Reich, Richard Beyler, Portland State
4. The Deutsches Museum in National Socialism,
Stefan Wolff, University of Birmingham,
5. The Haber-Institute-No Place for Science
During National Socialism?, Dieter
Hoffmann, Max Planck Institute for the
History of Science

Predicting the Unthinkable: Sciences of
Natural and Social Crisis
Chair and Commentator: Matthias Dorries, University
of Strasbourg
Organizer: William Deringer, Princeton University
1. The Taming of the Volcano and the
Conquering of Climate, Karen Holmberg,
Brown University
2. Enumerating Mischiefs: The Mathematics and
Politics of Financial Prediction During the
1720 South Sea Bubble, William Deringer,
Princeton University
3. Typhoon Warning and Local Politics in
Shanghai's Inter-Port Meteorological Scheme,
1869-1882, Marlon Zhu, The State University
of New York, Binghamton
4. The Productivity of Weather and Climate
Prediction, Samuel Randalls, University
College London

Embedding the History of Mathematics in
the History of Science
Chair and Commentator: Karen Parshall, University
of Virginia
Organizer: Peter Pesic, St. John's College, Santa Fe,
1. Mathematical Matter, Amir Alexander,
University of California, Los Angeles
2. Algebraic Collisions: Challenging Descartes
with Cartesian Methods, Scott J. Hyslop,
Indiana University, Bloomington
3. Mathematical Models and the Mechanical
Philosophy in 17th-Century Physiology:
Comparing the Mathematical Theories of
Muscle Contraction of Giovanni Alphonso
Borelli and Johannes Bernoulli, Emil Sargsyan,
Indiana University, Bloomington
4. Calculating Possible Worlds: Calculus as Part
of the History of Scientific Possible Worlds,
Jacqueline Wernimont, Harvey Mudd College
5. Mathematics as Culture, or Getting Out of
the Ghetto, Massimo Mazzotti, University of
California, Berkeley

History of Science Pre
Friday, 09:00-11:45 AM
The War of Guns and Mathematics:
Miltary-Scientific Collaborations and
Methods in Ballistics from Euler to World
War II
Chair and Commentator: Matthew Jones, Columbia
Organizer: David Aubin, Universit6 Pierre et Marie
Curie, Paris
1. Off the Target? Exact Solution to Approximate
Differential Equations in 18th and 19th-
Century Ballistics, Dominique Tournes,
University de la Reunion, France
2. Doctrine, Virtues and the Scientific Method
in a Military Context: The French GAvre
Commission for Ballistics, 1829-1918, David
Aubin, Universite Paris 6
3. Mathematicians and Exterior Ballistics
in America, 1880-1940, Alan Gluchoff,
Villanova University
4. Trajectories After Aberdeen: Exploring
Effects of the WWI Experience on American
Mathematicians, Deborah A. Kent, Hillsdale
5. From Canon Shell Trajectories to Atoms:
Douglas Hartree and Ralph Fowler's WWI
Ballistics and the Calculation of Atomic
Properties, Edward Jurkowitz, Max Planck
Institute for the History of Science

Entanglements of Instruments and Media
in Investigating Organic Worlds
Chair and Commentator: Jan Golinski, University of
New Hampshire
Organizer: Joan Steigerwald, York University
1. 'Machina anthropometrica': Weighing
Perspiration in the Long 18th Century,
Lucia Dacome, Institute for the History
and Philosophy of Science and Technology,
University of Toronto
2. The Subject as Instrument: Galvanic
Experiments, Organic Apparatus and
Problems of Calibration, Joan Steigerwald,
York University

liminary Program Friday
3. A Brief History of Slime: Protoplasm, Ectoplasm
and the Instruments of Infra-Visibility, Robert
Brain, University of British Columbia
4. Surfing on the Sea of Brain Waves:
Electroencephalography in Performance Art,
Cornelius Borck, Institute for the History of
Medicine and Science Studies, University of
Liibeck, Germany

Rethinking Science and Race: Darwin,
Boas, and Dobzhansky
Chair: John Beatty, University of British Columbia
Organizer: Lisa Gannett, Saint Mary's University
1. Darwin's Explanation of Races by Means of
Sexual Selection, Roberta Millstein, University
of California, Davis
2. Racial Science and the Burden of Proof in
the Work of Franz Boas, John P. Jackson, Jr.,
University of Colorado, Boulder
3. Franz Boas's Interest in Human Genetics,
Evolutionary Biology and Physical
Anthropology, Veronika Lipphardt, Humboldt
University of Berlin
4. Races as Gene Pools: Reservoirs, Puddles, and
Playing Cards, Lisa Gannett, Saint Mary's

Creating and Crossing Disciplines
Chair: TBD
1. "Balkanizing Physics": Division vs. Unity
and the Establishment of American Solid
State Physics in the 1940s, Joseph Martin,
University of Minnesota
2. Measurement of X-Radiation: From Biology to
Physics and Back, William C. Summers, Yale
3. New Disciplinary Dynamics in Post World
War II Brain Research: The Case of Francis O.
Schmitt's Neurosciences Research Program at
MIT, Tara H. Abraham, University of Guelph
4. Velvet Revolution at the Synchrotron: Shifting
to Biology from Physics in Practice, Park
Doing, Cornell University
5. Data-Gathering, Professionalization, and

History of Science Prelimi
Specialization: Constructing a Paradigm in
Astrophysics During the First Half of the
20th Century, Erik P. Norquest, University of
Texas-Pan American

12:00-1:15 PM
Forum for the History of Science
in America, Business Meeting and
Distinguished Lecture,
Professor Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis, University of
Florida, "From 'The Good Earth' to 'Jungle Warfare':
American Botanists and their Plants at War, 1942-

12:00-1:15 PM
Forum for the History of Science in Asia
organizational meeting brown-bag lunch

1:30-03:10 PM
Museums and Popularization of Science
Chair: TBD
1. "You say museum, I say museum...," Martin
Weiss, Leiden University, the Netherlands
2. Science in Action: the New York Museum
of Science and Industry and the Politics of
Interactivity, Jaume Sastre Juan, CEHIC-
Univeristat Aut6noma de Barcelona
3. From Science to Propaganda: The
Americanization of Otto Neurath's Pictorial
Statistics (1929-1945), Loic Charles,
University of Rheims and National Institute
for Demographic Studies
4. On Display: Examining Contemporary
Exhibits of the 19th-Century Asylum, Jennifer
L. Bazar, York University

1:30-03:10 PM
Studies in Early Modern Science
Chair: TBD
1. Tracing the Industrial Revolutions to
its Origins: Scientific Knowledges and
Technological Innovations in Great Britain
(1713-1800), Fabio Zanin, Liceo ginnasio
2. What History of Discoveries/Inventions? The

inary Program Friday
Case of Leibniz's Calculating Machine, Florin
Stefan Morar, Harvard University
3. Visualizing Refraction in the Papers
of Thomas Harriot, Robert Goulding,
University of Notre Dame
4. Fixed Colors in the Works of Francis Bacon:
A Reappraisal, Tawrin Baker, Indiana
University, Bloomington

1:30-03:10 PM
Science in Modern Asia
Chair: Yoshiyuki Kikuchi, Massachusetts Institute of
1. Laboratory Studies in China: Mapping The
History of Modern Science in Contemporary
China, Christine Y. L. Luk, Arizona State
2. Historical Trajectory of the Development of
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Research in
the 'Other World': Case of India, Debasmita
Patra, Cornell University
3. Seeing Like Statesmen and Scientists: The
Role of Techno-Science in Making of Modern
India, Madhumita Saha, Iowa State University
4. Two Controversies, One Narrative: A Strange
Discursive Overlap of Scientific Fraud and
Risk Politics in South Korea, Dae-Cheong Ha,
Seoul National University

History of Science Prelim
Friday, 1:30-03:10 PM
Climate Change in the 20th Century
Chair: Jim Fleming, Colby College
1. Caught Between Absolutist Capitalism and
Blind Environmentalism?, Nils Randlev
Hundebol, University of Aarhus, Denmark
2. Helmut E. Landsberg: "Foremost
Climatologist" within Early Debates of
Global Climate Change Science, 1950-
1985, Gabriel Henderson, Michigan State
3. Producing Arctic Climate Change: Hans
Ahlmann's 'Polar Warming' Theory in the
Field and in the Media, 1920-1960, Sverker
S6rlin, Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden
4. Carbon, Oceans and the Future, ca
1900-1957, Maria Bohn, Royal Institute of
Technology, Sweden

Science in a Canadian Context
Chair: TBD
1. Drawing Canada Together: the Geological
Survey of Canada and the Formation of the
Canadian Visual Imagination, Peter Hodgins,
Carleton University
2. The Hospital of the 20th Century: Folk
Taxonomies and Contested Ideals, David
Theodore, Harvard University
3. "Just a Theory": The Atomic Theory Debate
and Ontario's High School Chemistry
Textbook, 1905-1909, Michelle D. Hoffman,
University of Toronto
4. Negotiated Landscapes: Land Grants and
Surveying in Upper Canada, 1826-1841,
Sarah-Jane Patterson, University of Toronto

Conceptions of Humanity
Chair: Benjamin Harris, University of New
1. The Rise and Fall of British Craniometry,
1860-1900, Elise Juzda, University of
2. Taking Fringe Science Seriously: Examining
the Connection Between Phrenology and

inary Program Friday
Evolutionary Theory, Sherrie Lyons, Empire
State College
3. Frozen Bodies: Representations of Catalepsy
in French 19th-Century Medical Texts,
Alexandra Bacopoulos-Viau, University of
4. When Apes Speak, Marta Halina, University
of California, San Diego

Early Modern Mathematics
Chair: TBD
1. Tutors and Textbooks: Vernacular Arithmetic
Education in Early Modern England, Jessica
Otis, University of Virginia
2. Descartes' Early Algebra, Kenneth Manders,
University of Pittsburgh
3. Mathematical Concepts in the 16th-Century:
The Case of Geometry and Ratio Conception
in Theoretical Music, Oscar Joao Abdonour
4. Mathematics at Young Universities,
Arjen Dijkstra, University of Twente, the

Cures and Drugs in the 17th Century
Chair: Matthew Crawford, Kent State University
1. Explaining How Drugs Work in the Late
17th Century, Saskia Klerk, Institute for
History of Science, University of Utrecht, the
2. Astrology, Talismans and Medicine in Jacques
Gaffarel's Curiositez Inouyes (1629), Hiro
Hirai, Radboud University Nijmegen. the
3. The New Chymical Medicine of Franciscus
Sylvius: Chrysopoeia, Experiment, Sensation
and Secrecy, Evan Ragland, Indiana
University, Bloomington
4. Allegrifying the Spirits': Scholarly Melancholy
and Study as its Cure in Robert Burton's The
Anatomy of Melancholy, Stephanie Shirilan,
Syracuse University

History of Science Preliminary Program Friday
Black Holes and Quantum Mechanics 1. "The Semblance of Transparency: Expertise
Chair: Scott Walker, Nancy University and the Ideology of the Public in the
Enlightenment," Thomas Broman, University
1. Projective Geometry and the Origins of the of Wisconsin, Madison

Dirac Equation, Thomas Pashby, University
of Pittsburgh

2. A Giant's Singular Struggle: Einstein, de
Sitter, Weyl, and Klein's Debate on an Alleged
Singularity, Christian Wiithrich, University
of California, San Diego

3. Whence the Banana Bond?, Julia Bursten,
University of Pittsburgh

4. How Do You Draw a Black Hole? Penrose
Diagrams in Theoretical Physics and
Cosmology, 1963-1973, Aaron Sidney
Wright, University of Toronto

Mathematics in the 20th Century
Chair: TBD

1. The Rise of Non-Archimedean Mathematics
and the Roots of a Misconception, Philip
Ehrlich, Ohio University

2. Problems of Abstraction: Defining
an American Standard for Collegiate
Mathematics Education at the Turn of the
20th Century, Andy Fiss, Indiana University,

3. Calculating Empire: How Mathematics
Education Standards Define Nationalism
in 20th Century U.S., Emily T. Hamilton,
University of California, Berkeley

4. Place and Space in the History of
Mathematics: A Comparative Study of the
University of Gbttingen and New York
University's Mathematical Institutes under
the Leadership of Richard Courant, Brittany
Shields, University of Pennsylvania

"Science and Modernity Redux"
Chair and Commentator: Robert Kohler, University of
Organizer: Kathryn M. Olesko, Georgetown

2. "Modernizing Easter: Astronomy, Foreign
Affairs, and Confessional Conflict," Kathryn
M. Olesko, Georgetown University

3. In "the Capital of all Geist": Helmholtz and
the Modernization of Science in Berlin,"
David Cahan, University of Nebraska

Science, Politics, and Agriculture in
Vietnam and China During the Long 20th
Chair: Fa-ti Fan, The State University of New York,
Organizer: Michitake Aso, University of Wisconsin,

1. Veterinary Science and Cattle Breeding in
Colonial Indochina, Annick Guenel, Centre
national de la recherche scientifique, Paris

2. Business as Usual? Agricultural Research,
the Rubber Industry, and Franco-Vietnamese
Relations at the Beginning of Decolonization,
1945-1954, Michitake Aso, University of
Wisconsin, Madison

3. Imperial Texts in Socialist China:
Republishing Agricultural Treatises in the
Early Maoist Era, Peter Lavelle, Cornell

4. Insect Control in Socialist China and
Corporate America: A Transnational Tale
of Science and Politics through the Eyes
of Three Entomologists, Sigrid Schmalzer,
University of Massachusetts, Amherst

History of Science Preliminary Program Friday
Friday, 03:30-05:30 PM 3. Dialectics Denied: Muller, Lysenko, and
Clues from Genesis: the Mosaic Account the Fate of Chromosomal Mutation, Luis
and Early Modern Natural Philosophy Campos, Drew University
<^'/- .* .-- 1--_ .Th *_ / -. .* T ..^.. 1 T 71L TT1 l--

Cnair anda organizer: iviaria rortuonao, ine johns
Hopkins University
Commentator: Ann Blair, Harvard University
1. The Biblical Cosmology of Benito Arias
Montano, Maria Portuondo, The Johns
Hopkins University
2. Ulisse Aldrovandi and the Science of
Scripture, Andrew Berns, University of
3. Isaac Newton and the Genesis Creation,
Stephen Snobelen, University of King's
College, Halifax

Concepts of Generation
Organizer: Shannon Withycombe, University of
Wisconsin, Madison
Commentator and Chair: Shirley Roe, University of
1. Generation from Putrefaction in Early
Modern Causes of Disease, Frederick W.
Gibbs, George Mason University
2. Growing Intelligence: Nicolas Hartsoeker's
System (1656-1725) and the Legacy of
Cambridge Platonism in Dutch-French
Scientific Thought, Catherine Abou-Nemeh,
Princeton University
3. Enveloped in Mystery: 19th-Century
Embryology Through Miscarriage Materials,
Shannon K. Withycombe, University of
Wisconsin, Madison

Chair and Commentator: Angela Creager, Princeton
Organizer: Jim Endersby, University of Sussex
1. Mutation and Utopia: America's (evening)
Primrose Path to the Future, Jim Endersby,
University of Sussex
2. The Promise of Mutation Under Japan's
Sericultural Empire, Lisa Onaga, Cornell

Environmental Histories of Science:
Knowing Nature, Transforming Nature
Chair: Christine Keiner, Rochester Institute of
Organizer: Jeremy Vetter, Dickinson College
1. Adaptation, Divinity, and the Agricultural
Landscape in New York, 1825-1850, Emily
Pawley, University of Pennsylvania
2. Capitalist Nature: The Sciences of
Development in the American West, 1860-
1920, Jeremy Vetter, Dickinson College
3. Assuring Uncertainty: Metals, Biology,
and Knowledge in the Deer Lodge Valley,
Montana, 1880-1920, Kent Curtis, Eckerd
4. What Is Habitat?, Peter Alagona, University
of California, Santa Barbara

Discourse and Discovery: Colonial and
Atlantic Encounters and Ideologies of
Modern Science
Chair and Commentator: Neil Safier, University of
British Columbia
Co-Organizers: Christopher Parsons, University
of Toronto; Matthew Crawford, University of
California, San Diego
1. Botanical Discovery in a Not So New World:
French North American Folk Taxonomies
in the Seventeenth and 18th Century,
Christopher M. Parsons, University of
2. Cataloging Discovery: Tobacco and
Encounter in Sixteenth Century Virginia,
Kelly Wisecup, University of North Texas
3. Transatlantic Hispanic Baconianism as a Tool
for Understanding Spanish Contributions
to Modern Science, Margaret Ewalt, Wake
Forest University

History of Science Preliminary Program Friday
Objects of Science, Objects of Culture: 2. Respiratory Physiology and the climbing
Models and Specimens in 19th Century of Mount Everest, both in and out of the
Natural History laboratory, Vanessa Heggie, University of
Chair. Liba Taub, University of Cambridge Cambridge
Organizer: Margaret Olszewski, University of Toronto 3. The Emergence of Concepts of Inner and
1. Fashioning Fruit Out of Wax and the Outer Milieus in anatomy, pathology and
Improvement of Italian Agriculture: The physiology (Cuvier, Blainville, Broussais,
Case of the Whipple Museum's Pomological Bernard) 1800-1860, Tobias Cheung,
Models, Lavinia Maddaluno, University of Humboldt University of Berlin
Cambridge 4. Evolutionary Morphology: A German success
2. Displays of Distinction and Decorum: Dr. in the Netherlands, L. de Rooy, University of
Auzoux's Botanical Models In The Growing Amsterdam
Educational Marketplace of Late 19th- 6:00-6:45 PM
Century America, Margaret Olszewski, 6 m
University ofTorontoHSS Awards Ceremony
University of Toronto

3. It's a Giant... It's an Elephant... It's a
Mammoth!, Taika Dahlbom, University of
Turku, Finland
4. Tusks at Tufts, Ruthanna Dyer, York

In the Mind's Eye: Technical Drawing in
France and England, 1800-1850
Chair and Commentator: Hamilton Cravens, Iowa
State University
Organizer: Andrew J. Butrica, unaffiliated
1. Technical Drawing and the Soci&d
d'Encouragement pour l'Industrie Nationale,
1815-1848, Andrew J. Butrica, unaffiliated
2. British Technical Draughtsmen in the First
Half of the 19th Century, Frances Robertson,
Glasgow School of Art
3. Arguing in Pictures: The Visual Rhetoric
of Mechanical Reliability in Restoration
France, Jennifer K. Alexander, University of

Physiology and Morphology in the 19th
Chair: TBD
1. Helmholtz's Curves. Imagery and Precision
in His Early Measurements of Physiological
Time, Henning Schmidgen, Max Planck
Institute for the History of Science

7:00-8:00 PM (TENTATIVE)

7:30-9:00 PM
WORKSHOP: The Legacy of Antiquity:
Books and Practice
Organizer: Alain Touwaide, Smithsonian Institution,
Institute for the Preservation of Medical Traditions

7:30-9:00 PM
Psychology in the 20th Century
Chair: TBD
1. The Birth of Information in the Brain: Edgar
Adrian and the Vacuum Tube, Justin Garson,
University of Texas, Austin
2. Narratives of the Unconscious: Henry
Murray, Literary Interpretation, and the
Thematic Apperception Test, Jason Richard
Miller, University of California, Los Angeles
3. Hugo Miinsterberg, Psychotechnics, and the
Psychologizing of Cinema, Jeremy Blatter,
Harvard Univeristy
4. "Murder of the Mind?" The Psychosurgery
Controversy of the 1970s, Brian Casey,
National Institute of Health

History of Science Preliminary Program Saturday
Friday, 7:30-9:00 PM Spencer F. Baird, Robert Kennicott, and the
Making the Sciences Humaines Scientific Hudson Bay Company, Matthew Laubacher,
Chair. TBD Arizona State University
1. The Language of Objects: Christian 2. Botany: Its Key Role in Imoerial Expansion,

Jiirgensen Thomsen's Science of the Past,
Kasper Risbjerg Eskildsen, Roskilde
University, Denmark
2. Lamarckism and the Constitution of
Sociology, Snait B. Gissis, Tel Aviv University
3. An Informant's Guide to Observing Man:
Ethnographic Questionnaires, and the
Development of Early Observational Practices
in 'the Field', Efram Sera-Shriar, University of
4. 'The Missing Link Expeditions', 1921-28: or,
How Peking Man Wasn't Found, Peter C.
Kjaergaard, University of Aarhus, Denmark

Techniques and Instruments for Science
Chair: Dana Freiburger, University of Wisconsin,
1. Mastering "the Play of Light and Shadow":
Retinoscopy and the Quest of Optometry
in Early 20th-Century America, He Bian,
Harvard University
2. Scientific Creativity in Peripheral Science:
C.V Raman and the Construction of a
Mechanical Violin-Player, Deepanwita
Dasgupta, University of Minnesota
3. Mechanical Objectivity or Instrumentalizing
Theory? Introducing Automatic Recorders in
Radio Ionospheric Sounding, 1930-39, Chen-
Pang Yeang, University of Toronto
4. Playing with Colour: Variants of
Newtonianism in London's Optical
Instrument Making Community, Karen M.
Buckle, University College London

Travelling and Collecting in the 18th and
19th Centuries
Chair: TBD

1. The Growth of Collaborative Collecting:

Elisabeth de Cambiaire, University of New
South Wales

3. Itinerant Savants: Dutch Humboldtians and
the Multiple Purposes of Travel, Azadeh
Achbari, Free University Amsterdam

4. Tradition and Innovation in the Production
of Natural Knowledge in Central America,
c.1780-1800, Sophie Brockmann, University
of Cambridge

SATURDAY, November 6, 2010

Saturday, 9:00-11:45 AM
Artifacts of Science
Chair: Benjamin Wilson, Massachusetts Institute of
Organizer: Teasel Muir-Harmony, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology
Commentator: Roger Launius, Smithsonian National
Air and Space Museum
1. IYA 2009-400 Years of Objects and the
Construction of their Messages, Mary Bolt,
Adler Planetarium and Museum
2. Re-examining Icons on Display, David
Pantalony, Canada Science and Technology
3. The Moon on Display: The Exhibition of
a Moon Rock at the 1970 Osaka World's
Fair, Teasel Muir-Harmony, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology

Spatial Knowledge: Writing and Drawing
as Epistemic Practices
Chair and Commentator: Seymour Mauskopf, Duke
Organizer: Matthew Eddy, Durham University,
1. The Space of Drawing, the Time of
Modeling: Representing Comets in the

History of Science Preliminary Program Saturday

Later 17th-Century, Matthew C. Hunter,
California Institute of Technology
2. Tools for Reordering: Commonplacing and
the Space of Words in Linnaeus' Philosophia
Botanica Matthew D. Eddy, Durham
3. John Herschel's 'Working Skeletons': A Look
at the Procedures of Drawing Nebulae,
Omar W. Nasim, Swiss Federal Institute of
4. The Portrait of a Species: A Case Study on
Biological Drawing, Barbara Wittmann, Max
Planck Institute for the History of Science

Thinking with Specimens: Collections-
Based Research in the Museum of
Vertebrate Zoology
Chair and Commentator: Cathryn Carson, University
of California, Berkeley
Organizer: Mary Sunderland, University of
California, Berkeley
1. Collections-based Research at the Museum
of Vertebrate Zoology, Mary Sunderland,
University of California, Berkeley
2. Taxon-Focused Research in Collections-Based
Biology, James R. Griesemer University of
California, Davis
3. Collections and Analyses in Lab and Field:
Some Problems with a Distinction, Elihu R.
Gerson, Tremont Research Institute

History of Mathematics: New Perspectives
from the Far East: China, Japan, and
Chair and Organizer: Joseph Dauben, National
Chiao-Tung University, Taiwan, and The City
University of New York
1. Mathematical Content of Newly-Published
Bamboo Strips of the Qin Dynasty, Yibao
Xu, Borough of Manhattan Community
College (The City University of New York)
2. Chinese Roots of Linear Algebra, Roger Hart,
University of Texas, Austin
3. Samurai Culture and the Fashioning of

Mathematics in Japan, Tomoko Kitagawa,
Harvard University
4. Proof, Trigonometric Tables in China Suanli,
and Mathematical Thinking in 17th-Century
China, Jiang-Ping Jeff Chen, St. Cloud State
5. Chinese Mathematics in Vietnam:
Transmission and Adaptation, Alexei Volkov,
National Tsing Hua University

The Science, Politics, and Publics of
Climate Change
Chair and Organizer: Jessica O'Reilly, University of
California, San Diego and Princeton University
Commentator: Keynyn Brysse, Princeton University
1. Climate Science, Truth, and Democracy,
Evelyn Fox-Keller, Massachusetts Institute of
2. Neo-liberalism, Resistance to Climate
Science, and the Legacy of the Cold War,
Naomi Oreskes, University of California, San
3. The Public Role of Climate Scientists,
Michael Oppenheimer, Princeton University
4. The History of a Typo: Himalayan Glacier
Predictions and the Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change, Jessica O'Reilly,
University Of California, San Diego and
Princeton University

History of Science Preliminary Program Saturday
Science and American Empire 1. The Origins of William Brownrigg's
Chair and Commentator: Paul Sutter, University of Theory of Airs: Links between Medicine
Colorado, Boulder and Pneumatic Chemistry, Leslie Tomory,
Organizer: Christine Manganaro, University of University of Toronto
Minnesota 2. Modernizing Medicine in the Enlightenment:
1. Sixty-one Years of Soledad: University and John Pringle and the Medical Place of
Corporate Science at Harvard's Research Chemical Knowledge, Erich Weidenhammer,
Station in Soledad, Cuba, 1898-1959, Megan University of Toronto
Raby, University of Wisconsin, Madison 3. Making Chemistry Matter: D'Arconville and
2. Baseline Archipelago: U.S. Insular Science the Problem of Putrefaction in Enlightenment
and the Re-mapping of the Philippines, Scott France, Margaret Carlyle, McGill University
Kirsch, University of North Carolina, Chapel 4. Measuring Airs and Virtues: Debating
Hill Eudiometry between the Medical
3. America's Rubber Empire: Ecology, Disease, Environment and the Experimental Sphere,
and Commerce in the Making of Firestone Victor Boantza, McGill University
Plantations Company, Gregg Mitman,
PlUnivery ons i C an, G g Mitman, Controlling Life in 20th-Century Biology:
A Session Inspired by the Work of Philip J.
4. The Social Science of Assimilation in the Pauly
Settler Colony of Hawai'i, Christine L.
SChair: Nathan Crowe, University of Minnesota
Manganaro, University of Minnesota
SOrganizers: Rachel Mason Dentinger, unaffiliated;

Rethinking the Emergence of Islamic Nathan Crowe, University of Minnesota
Science Commentator: Jane Maienschein, Arizona State
Chair. Sally Ragep, McGill University University
Organizer and Commentator: F. Jamil Ragep, McGill 1. Recasting "Chemical Warfare" in the 1960s:
University Coevolutionary Studies and the Evolution
1. Early Islam's Reactions to Astrology, Robert of "Natural Insecticides," Rachel Mason
Morrison, Whitman College Dentinger, unaffiliated
2. Narratives of Science, Keren Abbou 2. Science of Control?: A History of Nuclear
Hershkovits, McGill University Transfer Experiments, 1940s-1970s, Nathan
Crowe, University of Minnesota
3. Dead Texts Versus Living Teachers: Remarks
on the Transmission of Greek Mathematics 3. "A Modified Kind of Man and a Modified
into Arabic, Jan P. Hogendijk, University of Kind of Nature": Charles Elton's Vision of
Utrecht, the Netherlands Millennial Conservation, Matthew Chew,
Arizona State University
4. Why Greek Rational Sciences Were Needed
in the Abbasid Court, Taro Mimura, 4. "Live Animals in Museums: Refraiing
University of Tokyo the Science of Life, From 'The Watchful
Grasshopper' to 'The Insect Zoo', Karen
There is Something in the Air: Chemistry, Rader, Virginia Commonwealth University
Medicine, and Enlightenment Reform
Chair and Commentator: Trevor Levere, University of
Organizer: Victor Boantza, McGill University

History of Science Preliminary Program Saturday
Women as Subjects of Science 1:30-3:10 PM

Chair: Sheila Faith Weiss, Clarkson University

1. A Feminist Reproductive Health Coalition:
Feminist Health Activists and Emergency
Contraception in the United States, 1970-
2000, Heather Munro Prescott, Central
Connecticut State University

2. Regenerative Medicine in Context: Co-
evolving Conceptions of the Fetus and its
Worth, Andrew J. Hogan, University of

3. Between Healers and Jurists: Abortion
in Tridentine Italy, John Christopoulos,
University of Toronto

4. The Moons of Pregnancy: Measuring
Legitimacy in Early Modern France, Cathy
McClive, Durham University

5. 'Femmes fatales'. Examining Criminal
Women in 19th-Century France, Aude
Fauvel, Max Planck Institute for the History
of Science

Forum for the History of Human Science
Business Meeting and Distinguished
Mary S. Morgan, Professor of History and Philosophy
of Economics, London School of Economics and
University of Amsterdam, "Recognising Glass
Ceilings and Sticky Floors."

Graduate and Early Career Caucus (GECC) Business
Meeting (drinks and light snacks will be served)

"Investigating the History of Science on the Web:
History of Science in Latin America and the
Caribbean, World History of Science Online, and
Rational Sciences in Islam"

Research at the Frontier: Scientific
Practices and the Dynamics of Expansion
Chair: Bruce Hevly, University of Washington
Organizer: Tiago Saraiva, University of Lisbon

1. Terrestrial Physics as Investment in Frontier
Building, Bruce Hevly, University of

2. Malaria, Railroads and the Inner Exploration
of Brazil, Jaime Larry Benchimol

3. Frontier Organisms: Genetics, the Circulation
of Karakul Sheep and the Imperial
Landscapes of Fascism, Tiago Saraiva,
University of Lisbon

4. The Scientific Landscape of the Portuguese
Far-East: Port Wine, Phylloxera and Railways,
Marta Macedo, University of Lisbon

Rethinking the History of Organicism:
New Perspectives on Vital Science
Chair and Organizer: Phillip Sloan, University of
Notre Dame

1. "From Substantival to Functional Vitalism
and Beyond: Animal Economies, Organisms
and Existential Attitudes," Charles T. Wolfe,
University of Sydney

2. "The Organicist Moment at Cambridge and
Why It Was Nearly Lost," Erik Peterson,
University of Notre Dame

3. Biophysics and Holism at the University
of Chicago, 1928-1945: Resistance to
Molecularization, Phillip R. Sloan, University
of Notre Dame

4. The Organismic Critique of the Modern
Synthesis: its Roots and Varieties, Philippe
Hunemann, Institute of History and
Philosophy of Sciences and Technologies

History of Science Preliminary Program Saturday
Saturday, 01:30-03:10 PM of Julius Caesar Scaliger, Kuni Sakamoto,
Progressive Science? Embodiment and University of Tokyo
Reform in Progressive America 2. The Animation of the Heavens in Albert the
Chair: Jane Maienschein, Arizona State University Great's De caelo et mundo, Adam Takahashi,
Organizer: Robin Wolfe Schefler, Yale University Radbound University Nijmegen

1. The Metaphysical Club, Pragmatism, and
the Search for New Methods in American
Biology, 1880-1910, Keith R. Benson,
University of British Columbia
2. The Fate of a Progressive Science: The
Harvard Fatigue Laboratory, Athletes, and
the Science of Work, Robin Wolfe Scheffler,
Yale University
3. Biological Analogies in History: Theodore
Roosevelt, Nature, and National Character,
Henry Cowles, Princeton University
4. Female and Fowl: Eugenic and Euthenic
Conflicts about the Body and Reproduction
in Early 20th-Century America, Kathy
Cooke, Quinnipiac University

Practical Knowledge in the Early Modern
Chair: TBD
1. Privileged Knowledge. Patents, Privileges,
and the Legitimization of Knowledge in the
Dutch Republic (1584-1621), Marius Buning,
European University Institute
2. Diagramming the Sea: Depicting Charts
and Currents in 17th-Century Navigation
Textbooks, Margaret Schotte, Princeton
3. Natural Histories of State and Industry:
Proto-Industrial Artisan Production and
State Sciences in Eighteenth Century Europe,
Adelheid Voskuhl, Harvard University
4. Ars and Scientia in Venetian Shipbuilding
Practice During the Late Middle Ages and
the Renaissance, Lilia Campana, Nautical
Archaeology Program

Animating the Heavens and the Earth
Chair: Faith Wallis, McGill University
1. God, Intellect and Angels in the Cosmology

3. Ptolemy: Altering Data to Fit the Model,
Jacqueline Feke, Stanford University
4. A Tale of Two Astronomies: Late Renaissance
Astrology and Biological Rhythms, Jole
Shackelford, University of Minnesota

Pre-modern Medicine
Chair: TBD
1. Superstitious Doctors and Benevolent
Remedies: Healers and the Inquisition in
Late-Colonial Yucatan, R.A. Kashanipour,
University of Arizona
2. Healing by Incantation in Medieval China,
Yan Liu, Harvard University
3. The Medieval Hippocrates: a Late Middle
Ages Transformation of the Greek Medical
Tradition, Marco Viniegra, Harvard
4. Herophilus' Pulsating Medicine, Deirdre
Moore, University of King's College

Industry, Patronage and Science
Chair: TBD
1. Managing the Transition in Research
Patronage in the Early 20th Century, Tom
Scheiding, Elizabethtown College
2. Regulation and Evolution of the
Biopharmaceutical Sector: A
'Begriffsgeschichte' of Non-inferiority as a
Testing Standard for Antibiotics, Arthur
Daemmrich, Harvard University
3. Negotiating Scientific and Industrial
Management: The Micromotion Films of
Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, 1912-1924, Arlie
R. Belliveau, York University
4. "Selling the Research Idea": The National
Research Council's Promotion of Industrial
Research, 1916-1945, Eric S. Hintz,
University of Pennsylvania

History of Science Prelir
Biology and Ideology
Chair: Marsha Richmond, Wayne State University
1. From Organic Morphogenesis to Liberal
Socialism: Eugenio Rignano and the "Centro-
Epigenetic" Hypothesis of Heredity and
Development, Maurizio Esposito, Leeds
University, England
2. 'Falling in Love Intelligently': Eugenic Love
in the Progressive Era, Susan Rensing,
University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh
3. Mendelism and Eugenics in Vienna: Mendel's
Rediscoverer Erich Tschermak-Seysenegg
and his Active Involvement with Eugenics,
Veronika Hofer, University of Vienna
4. From 'Passive Confidence' to 'Neo-
Romanticism'? The American Socialist
Left and Popular Evolutionary Theory
in The International Socialist Review,
1900-1918, James Fiorentino, University of
Massachusetts, Amherst

Science in America before 1900
Chair: TBD

1. Electrical Debate: William Watson, Benjamin
Franklin, Nature and God, 1745-1763,
Christopher Baxfield, University of Leeds

2. "What is the consensus of opinion as to...?":
The Age of the Earth Debates and the
Meaning of Scientific Consensus at the End
of the 19th Century in America, Sylwester
Ratowt, American Philosophical Society

3. Lester Frank Ward v. Othniel C. Marsh:
Defining the Mesozoic, Debra Lindsay,
University of New Brunswick

4. Knowing Nature, Knowing Gender, and
Eating Turkey: Agriculture and Natural
History in 19th-Century America, Neil
Prendergast, University of Arizona

ninary Program Saturday
1:30-5:00 PM
Poster Session
1. An Analysis of Sturm's Theorem: A Rare
Example of Simplicity and Elegance
Emerging from a Network of Scientific
Inquiry and Informing Further Innovation
in Algebra, Frederick W. Sakon, Florida State
2. From J. Winthrop, Jr. to E.E. Barnard: The
Arduous Path to the First Sighting of the
Fifth Satellite of Jupiter, Francois Wesemael,
University de Montreal
3. Organizing Knowledge: The Periodic Table
in Popular Culture, Ann E. Robinson,
University of Massachusetts, Amherst
4. Development and Senescence: Growing Up
and Old and the Making of Biogerontology,
1900-1950, Hyung Wook Park, University of
5. Space Madness: The Dreaded Disease That
Never Was, Matthew H. Hersch, University
of Pennsylvania
6. "Why does a human, a mammal, have to
drink milk of cow, another mammal?"-Milk
Myth, A Study on Milk Phenomena in
Contemporary China Since 1980s, Song Tian
7. The Role ofInterferometry in the Aether
Debate throughout the 19th Century,
Roberto A. Pimentel and Carlos B. G.
Koehler, Universidade Federal do Rio de

History of Science Preliminary Program Saturday
3:30-5:30 PM Seeds of Change: Agricultural Production,
The Development of Biology in a Model Commercial Interests, and the Science of
Technocracy: Science and the Soviet Union Breeding, 1850-1940
Chair: Bruno Strasser, Yale University Chair and Commentator: Daniel Kevles, Yale
Organizer: William deJong-Lambert, The City University
University of New York and Columbia University Organizer: Helen Anne Curry, Yale University
Commentator: Miklos Muller, Rockefeller University 1. "Prolific": Valuing Proprietary Staple
1. The Cache Economy: Science, Capital and Varieties in 19th-Century America, Courtney
Socialism, Jenny Leigh Smith, Georgia Fullilove, Columbia University
Institute of Technology 2. From Farm to Can: The Canning Industry
2. Differing Scientific Visions Approach Climate and Agricultural Production in the Early
Change: The Development of the Stalin Plan 20th Century, Anna Zeide, University of
for the Transformation of Nature, Stephen Wisconsin, Madison
Brain, Mississippi State University 3. Breeding the Roentgen Regal Lily:
3. Youthful Perceptions, Foreign Illusions: L.C. Agricultural and Horticultural Research at
Dunn, J.B.S. Haldane, Julian Huxley and the the General Electric Laboratory, 1930-1940,
Soviet Union, William deJong-Lambert, The Helen Anne Curry, Yale University
City University of New York and Columbia
niversiy of New York and Columbia 17th-Century Amsterdam as a Site of
University Knowledge
Reexamining the Uneasy Partnership: Chair and Commentator: Harold Cooke, Brown
Economics, the Nation State, and the University
Public Welfare, 1920s-1980s Organizer: Fokko Jan Dijksterhuis, University of
Sponsored by Forum for History of Human Science Twente
Chair and Commentator: Sarah Igo, Vanderbilt 1. Cultures of Collecting and Communities
University of Discourse in 17th-Century Amsterdam,
Organizer. Mark Solovey, University of Toronto Eric Jorink, Huygens Institute (Royal Dutch
1. Re-Imagining Markets: The U.S. Consumer Academy of Arts and Sciences)
Movement and Federal Economists, 1920- 2. Maths and the City. Positioning the Teaching
1970, Thomas A. Stapleford, University of of Elementary Mathematics in 17th-Century
Notre Dame Amsterdam, Tim Nicolaije, University of
2. What Doesn't Kill You Makes You Stronger: Twente, the Netherlands
Patrons, Public Image, and Research in 3. Mobilizing Learning for Urban Affairs
Economics, 1970-1985, Tiago Mata, in Golden Age Amsterdam, Fokko Jan
University of Amsterdam Dijksterhuis, University of Twente, the
3. To Measure, Monitor, and Manage the Netherlands
Nation's Social Progress: U.S. Senator Walter From Wartime Experience to "Big Science"
Mondale's Initiative to Create a Council of in Asia (1931-)
Social Advisers, 1967-1974, Mark Solovey, Chair. Tae-ho Kim, Asia Research Institute
University of Toronto Organizer. John DiMoia, National University of
1. Patriots' Pancake: War and Nutrition Science
in Wartime China, 1931-1945, Seung-Joon
Lee, National University of Singapore

History of Science Preliminary Program Saturday
2. Dependent on the Enemy's Path: Japanese 4. Too Metaphysical or Too Naturalistic?
Fertilizer Factories and Synthetic Fiber Critiques of 17th-c. Aristotelianism, Craig
Industry in North Korea, Tae-ho Kim, The Martin, Oakland University
Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins University Industrial Food and the Biopolitics of
3. "Going Nuclear?": From AERI to KAERI, Nutrition Science
1955-1978, the South Korean Case of
Chair and Organizer: Helen Veit, Michigan State
Nuclear Energy, John DiMoia, National University
University of Singapore
SCommentator: John Waller, Michigan State Univer
4. A Space Science Virtuoso in Japan: The 1. E ric ir i
1. Electric Dairyland: Science, Technology
Historical Evolution of the Institute of
and Milk Production in Britain, 1850-194(
Space and Astronautical Science, Yasushi
Space and Astronautical Science, Yasushi Christopher Otter, Ohio State University
Sato, National Graduate Institute for Policy
Studies, Japan 2. The Cultural Algebra of Nutrition: Ration

Taming the Information Beast
Chair: Staffan Miiller-Wille, University of Exeter
Organizers: Isabelle Charmantier, University of
Exeter, and Bruno Strasser, Yale University
1. Natural History and Information Overload:
the Case of Linnaeus, Isabelle Charmantier,
University of Exeter
2. The Search for Order and the Order of
Search: Archiving Species in Print circa 1900,
Alex Csiszar, Harvard University
3. Staying Afloat in the 'Flood of New
Information:' Computers in America's Cold
War Scientific Data Crisis, Joseph November,
University of South Carolina
4. "The Fourth Paradigm?" Natural History in
Silico, Bruno Strasser, Yale University

Losing Arguments in Early Modern
Chair: James Byrne, Princeton University
Organizer: Craig Martin, Oakland University
1. Cure-All or Helpful Herb? Debates about
the Panacea in Early Modern Europe, Alisha
Rankin, Tufts University
2. The Sudden Death of the Burning
Salamander, Nicholas Popper, College of
William and Mary
3. 'Trials about the Art of Flying in the Air':
The Possibility of Flight in the 17th Century,
Natalie Kaoukji, University of Cambridge



Eating & Dietary Substitution in the
Progressive Era, Helen Veit, Michigan State
3. Killer Carbs? The Biopolitics of Amylophobia
from Graham to Gluten-Free, Aaron Bobrow-
Strain, Whitman College

Episodes in Early Science
Chair: TBD

1. Science and Instruments: Levi ben Gerson's
(1288-1344) Pinhole Camera, Yaakov Zik,
University of Haifa
2. "You Asked Me, Princess, how Thunder and
Lightning Happen": Byzantine Science and
Learning in the llth and 12th Centuries,
Anne-Laurence Caudano, University of
3. Determinism in Abu Ma'shar's Defense of
Astrology, Teri Gee, University of Toronto
4. Foundations of an Ancient Optical Textbook,
Al-Basa'ir Fi 'Ilm Al-Manazir, Comparing
with Today's Textbooks and Major Books
of Optics before It, Maryam Farahmand,
University of Tehran
5. Mechanics in the Aristotelian Physical
Problems, Jean De Groot, Catholic University
of America

History of Science Preliminary Program Sunday
Saturday, 3:30-5:30 PM 2. Newtonian Vegetables and Perceptive Plants,
Darwin on Reason and Method Susannah Gibson, University of Cambridge
Chair: TBD 3. "A Treatise of Buggs": The Use and Re-Use of
1. Darwinian Evolution: An Implication Natural History in 18th-Century England,
Reparding the Scientific Method Itself. Jennifer Steenshorne, Columbia University

-0 0 _
Arthur Mihram, University of Southern

2. The Rhetoric of Probability: How Darwin
Overcame the Argument from Design,
Daniel A. Newman, University of Toronto
3. The Evolution of Methodological Naturalism
in the Origin of Species, Stephen C. Dilley,
St. Edward's University
4. Charles Darwin and the Natural History
of Reason, Kathryn Tabb, University of
5. Darwin and Wallace on Morals and Ethics:
Two Different Views from Natural Selection,
Rosaura Ruiz Gutierrez, University of Leeds,

Revisiting the Beginning of Modern
Chair: Robert Westman, University of California,
San Diego
1. Thomas Hobbes on Simple Conceptions &
the Nature of Science, Marcus P. Adams,
University of Pittsburgh
2. The Scientific Revolution: The Master
Narrative Replaced, H. Floris Cohen,
University of Utrecht, the Netherlands
3. Kepler's Notion of Empirical Value, Jonathan
Regier, Universit6 Paris 7
4. The Reception of Descartes' Machine
Psychology in Medical Writers and Natural
Philosophy, Gary Hatfield, University of

Natural History, Bugs and Plants
Chair: TBD
1. Pansophy Revisited: Comenius's "Irenic"
Approach to Natural Philosophy, Brent
Ranalli, The Cadmus Group, Inc.

4. Between Love and Science: Apicultural
Research and Ethical Beekeeping in the
British Isles, c. 1750-1850, Adam Ebert,
Mount Mercy College

6:00-7:00 PM
HSS Distinguished Lecture: Nancy Siraisi,
What Was Medicine 1450-1620 and What
Did It Have to Do with Science?
Introduction by Michael R. McVaugh
7:30-9:30 PM
HSS/PSA Joint Dinner, 7:30-9:30 PM

SUNDAY, November 7, 2010

9:00-10:00 AM
HSS Business Meeting

10:00-12:00 PM
Opportunities and Challenges: Plants and
Evolution (1920-1950)
Chair and Commentator: Vassiliki (Betty) Smocovitis,
University of Florida
Organizer: Dawn Digrius, Stevens Institute of
1. Where Are the Plants? Simpson's 'Tempo and
Mode,' Evolutionary Studies and Paleobotany,
Dawn M. Digrius, Stevens Institute of
2. Systematics and the Origin of Species from
Edgar Anderson's Viewpoint, Kim Kleinman,
Webster University
3. The Sociology of Plants and Neo-Darwinism
in the 20th Century, Adam Lawrence,
University of California, Los Angeles

History of Science Preliminary Program Sunday
Medicine, Science, and the Stomach, 1540- Once Bitten, Twice Shy? Early Modern
1840 Naturalists, Insects, and Animals
Chair and Organizer: Elizabeth Williams, Oklahoma Chair and Commentator: Paula Findlen, Stanford
State University University
1. Fat, Dumb, Slow, and Prone to Sudden Organizer. Lisa Sarasohn, Oregon State University
Death: Obesity in Early Modern Medicine, 1. The Body of the Animal: 'Hunting

Michael Stolberg, Institut fur Geschichte der
Medizin, Wirzburg
2. The Ghastly Kitchen, Anita Guerrini, Oregon
State University
3. Martyrs to the Stomach: Self-Experiment
in the Science of Digestion of the Late
Eighteenth Century, Elizabeth Williams,
Oklahoma State University
4. The Burning Pleasures of Gastro-Chic:
Modern Stimulants, Health, and the
'Nervous Temperament' from Lorry
to Balzac, Anne C. Vila, University of
Wisconsin, Madison

Gendering the Human Brain: Science,
Language, and Sex Difference in the 19th
and 20th Centuries
Chair: Carla Bittel, Loyola Marymount University
Organizer: Kimberly Hamlin, Miami University of
1. Woman, Know Thyself: Gender, Phrenology,
and the Female Brain, Carla J. Bittel, Loyola
Marymount University
2. Helen Hamilton Gardener's Brain: Contested
Understandings of Brain Science and
Feminist Applications of the Scientific
Method, Kimberly A. Hamlin, Miami
University of Ohio
3. Silas Weir Mitchell's Nervous Malady and its
Influence on the Rest Cure, Anne M. Stiles,
Washington State University
4. Transgendered Cells: A History of
Metaphors about Astrocytes, Meg Upchurch,
Transylvania University

Epistemology' and the Study of Animals in
Early Modern Europe, Massino Petrozzi, The
Johns Hopkins University
2. John Donne's Flea and Robert Hooke's
Louse: What Vermin Meant in 17th-Century
England, Lisa T. Sarasohn, Oregon State
3. Insect Theology: Friedrich Christian Lesser,
Pierre Lyonet, and the Intersection of
Enlightenment Natural History and Natural
Theology, Brian Ogilvie, University of
Massachusetts, Amherst

Computers as Scientific Instruments:
Technologies, Scientific Practices, and
Social Structures
Chair: Adelheid Voskuhl, Harvard
Organizer: Ann Johnson, University of South
Commentator: Andrew Russell, Stevens Institute of
1. Recipes For Any Occasion. Computational
Chemistry and the Desktop Computer,
Johannes Lenhard, Bielefeld University,
2. Splitting and Optimizing in Mathematics
and Politics: the History of"Lions-Marchuk"
Cooperation in Numerical Methods
(1966-1993), Ksenia Tatarchenko, Princeton
3. A Not-so-Short History of Computational
Science: Building a Scientific Discipline in
the Digital Age, Ann Johnson, University of
South Carolina

History of Science Preliminary Program Sunday

Scientific Organizations and Research
Practices in Nationalist Times
Chair and Commentator: Jeffrey Johnson, Villanova
Organizer: Jeremiah James, Fritz Haber Institute
1. Research Divisions in Imperial Germany, an
Organizational Scheme for War and Peace,
Jeremiah James, Fritz Haber Institute
2. Survey as Resource: The Geological Survey
of China and Scientific Nationalism, 1928-
1949, Grace Shen, Princeton University
3. Materials, Methods, and Management:
the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institute for Physical
Chemistry Under the National Socialists,
Thomas Steinhauser, Fritz Haber Institute

Science, Identity and Race
Chair: TBD
1. "We can't relocate the world": Activism
and the Bravo Medical Program, Laura
Harkewicz, University of California, San
2. Gender Conservatism and Racial Liberalism
in US Psychiatry: Dr. Viola W. Bernard and
the Community Service Society of Harlem,
1943-1945, Dennis A. Doyle, Mississippi
State University
3. Personalized Medicine or Scientific Racism?
The Persistence of the Genetic Theory of
Race and its Modern Day Tuskegee, Andrea
Patterson, California State University,
4. A Brazilian Dilemma: UNESCO Studies
in Brazil and the Retreat from Race in the
1950s, Sebastiin Gil-Riafio, University of

History of Science Preliminary Program Sunday
Expeditions, Imperialism and Science *

Chair: TBD
1. Intersecting Worldviews: Ricci World Maps
in China, Ying Jia Tan, Yale University
2. Imperialism and Mathematics, Kevin
Lambert, California State University,
3. A School for Naturalist Voyagers in the Jardin
des Plantes: Field Science During the "Golden
Age" of French Natural History (1796-1850),
Antony Adler, University of Washington
4. "Botanical Monroe Doctrine" in Puerto Rico:
Contours of American Imperial Scientific
Expeditions and Research Stations, 1898-
1933, Darryl E. Brock, Fordham University

Knowledge and Politics of Climate in the
Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
Chair: Miruna Achim, Universidad Autonoma de
Organizer: Jean-Baptiste Fressoz, Harvard University
Commentator: Jean-Francois Gauvin, McGill
1. Climate, Biopolitics and the Environmental
Reflexivity of Modernity (18th and 19th
Centuries France), Jean-Baptiste Fressoz,
Harvard University
2. Hippocratism and Urban Reform: Mexico
City and Lima, Late 18th Century, Miruna
Achim, Universidad Aut6noma Metropolitana
3. Deforestation, Climate Changes and the
Environmental Heritage of the French
Revolution, Fabien Locher, Centre national
de la recherche scientifique, Paris

History of Science Society Newsletter

Childcare Cooperative
History of Science Society Annual Meeting 2010

To address a much talked about need at HSS
meetings, the Graduate and Early Career Caucus
and Women's Caucus of HSS are coordinating a
childcare cooperative for the HSS Annual Meeting
in Montreal, Quebec, November 4-7. For reasons
of liability, the Society cannot, legally, be involved in
coordinating or providing childcare, so it is up to us,
the members and conference participants, to do so.

We will be using a commons room in the
meeting hotel for our cooperative care arrangements.
Additionally, the local arrangements committee has
provided a list of local child care providers on its web
site for those who wish to use those services:

How the cooperative will work:

(1) Please email Gina Rumore
(grumore@umn.edu) with the following
information by October 1:
Number of children
Age of children
When you need childcare
When you are available to provide childcare
(you most certainly may volunteer to provide
childcare even if you don't require childcare!)

(2) After the deadline, we will compile the needs and
availability and circulate a spreadsheet to all those
who responded showing when we have coverage and
when we need coverage. We must have two adults with
the children at all times.

(3) Once we have heard back from everyone on
the childcare spreadsheet, we will circulate a final
schedule to all cooperative participants.

Please be aware that a request for childcare does
not mean that there will be childcare available.
Childcare will only be available during times we can
coordinate to have two adults in the room with the
children. We will do our best to accommodate, but it
is up to you, the members, to provide the service.

This cooperative is very much a grassroots effort
put together by several members of HSS who would
like to see regular childcare at our conferences. If
childcare is something you would like to have at
future conferences, please get involved. If the demand
this year is sufficient, we may be able to raise funds
for more formal childcare arrangements in the future.

Thank You,
The HSS Graduate and Early Career Caucus and
The HSS Women's Caucus

History of Science Society Newsletter

University of Vienna
Announces Position

The Faculty of Historical and Cultural Studies at
the University of Vienna announces the immediate
availability of a position in the rank of "University
Assistant (Postdoc)" at the Department of History.
The position is half time (20 hours/week); the
contract runs for six years (non-renewable).

Tasks include: independent scholarly work
within the framework of the Working Group in
History of Science at the Department of History;
teaching (maximum 4 hrs./week) in the B.A. and
M.A. programs in History and/or the Joint Master
in History and Philosophy of Science. Further
qualification (Habilitation or equivalent) is expected.

Qualifications: completed PhD in History or
History of Science is required. Preferred is a research
field in the history of science or history of knowledge
in the early moden period (1500 to 1900). Desired
also are experience in or willingness to undertake
independent teaching, languages (according to the
relevant research field) and electronic media skills,
experience in working or studies outside Austria,
cooperativeness and organizational ability.

Applications with a statement of motivation,
curriculum vitae, publication list and the names and
contact data for two referees should be submitted by
September 8, 2010 to the Jobcenter of the University
of Vienna (http://jobcenter.univie.ac.at/) using the
code number 1278.

History of Science Society Newsletter


University of Pittsburgh Press
in a partnership supported by

The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation

In an effort to support innovative research, the University of Pittsburgh Press is launch-
ing a new initiative to significantly expand its list in history and philosophy of science.
The press seeks 25 additional titles per year in order to amplify its already strong back-
list in philosophy of science and dramatically expand its list into fresh areas of promising
historical research. Historical titles that are globally informed and that reach across tradi-
tional disciplinary boundaries will be given special attention. The press welcomes proposals
that explore scientific thought and practice in any culture and during any era.

Funded by a major five year grant from the Mellon foundation, this new expansion is un-
dertaken in partnership with Pitt's Department of History and Philosophy of Science and
the Department of History's World History Center. In addition to producing books, the press
and its partners will cooperate in a number of activities to bolster the new acquisitions pro-
gram, including guest lectures, new conferences, fellowships, and a book prize.

Both experienced and new authors are strongly encouraged to submit proposals for
new books.

If you would like to make a submission, have suggestions, or would like
further information on the new initiative, please contact Beth Davis, editor
for history and philosophy of science at jedavis@pitt.edu or 412-383-2456.

Additional information on manuscript submission is available at our website:


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