VOLUME 36 NUMBER 1
The Bibliographer's Fund Grows
Ss of December 2006, we have raised, in cash
and pledges, over $150,000 toward endowing
the HSS t.ii i...~I Ipl..I As members will recall, the
National Endowment for the Humanities awarded
the HSS an NEH Challenge Grant to endow the
',.ii._., Ipl..I position, so as to ensure that the
Isis Current t. .'-.. ,'i and HST Database
would be available to scholars for generations to
come. Our "Campaign for the History of Science:
Securing the Past for the Future" has 18 months
remaining and this will be a crucial period. We
will be turning to the alumni of history of science
departments to provide leadership in the effort
to reach the goal. Fred Gregory, past president of
the HSS, has generously agreed to lead this por-
tion of the campaign and we hope that all of the
alumni "captains" whom he contacts will respond
enthusiastically to his request. By reaching out to
historians of science who trained at the same insti-
tution, we hope to reach our financial goal, as well
as lift us toward the higher objective of enhancing
community among historians of science.
There is much reason for optimism. In ad-
dition to Fred Gregory's help, the illustrious John
Neu, who, for over 30 years, compiled '.,iil.. ipl.
after '.hi.i i.I ipli. as a volunteer, has agreed to
serve as honorary chairman for the campaign and
Marc Rothenberg, our long-time, recently retired
treasurer, has offered his services as the cam-
paign's Director. Marc is one of those rare persons
who can marshal the efforts needed to make the
campaign a pleasant success.
The progress to date is remarkable, especially
considering that past giving patterns saw the HSS
typically take in $2,000 to $3,000 US per year.
The response from our membership has been
overwhelming, and we hope that our members
will continue in their generosity. (For a Help us
list of donors to the NEH campaign, please complete our
see page 17). Remember that your gift Bibliographer
will not only secure the future of the HSS
L.ii .. i ,Ipl. position, it will also
help the HSS further interest in the
history of science by publishing the
best work in the field; by recognizing
exceptional scholarship through prizes,
lectures, and awards; by hosting annual
conferences; by supporting graduate students
and recent Ph.D.s; by l""..i"..il. awareness of
the profession among the public and government
officials; and through numerous other avenues. If
you would like to contribute to the fund and secure
a matching contribution from the NEH, or if you
would like to give to any number of HSS programs,
I hope that you will take a few moments and
direct your browser to hssonline.org and click on
"Donate to the Society" at the bottom of the page.
Your gift will be much appreciated.
News and Inquiries 3
Awards, Honors, and
and Prizes 7
Graeme Gooday and
the Teaching of History
of Science 8
Robin Marantz Henig 10
Mary Jo Nye Wins
2006 Sarton Medal 12
Future Meetings 14
Simon Reif-Acherman 16
Donors to NEH
Call for Papers/
Isis Books Received
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
Notes from the Inside
By Jay Malone, Executive Director
W ith this new year, please allow me to share some news that is
on and over the horizon. During our recent meeting in
Vancouver, several events took place that will affect the Society in the
near and distant future. Two graduate student gatherings a "jam
session" organized by HSS President Joan Cadden, and a job-hunt
presentation by Don Opitz were great successes. The students felt
energized, and we hope to see renewed activity on our new gradu-
ate-student forum at hssforum.org. Our first new-attendee reception
in Vancouver was also well received, providing me a chance to meet
many new members of the HSS (a personal high point). Finally, our
long-range planning committee, chaired by Bruce Hunt, met for the
first time and for over three hours discussed some of the many ideas
that we will explore over the next 5-10 years.
In the nearer future, 2007 promises to hum with activity. It is
the last full year of our NEH Challenge Grant, and we will spend the
year improving relationships with the alumni of history of science
programs. We have almost completed the paper work for a yearly
fellowship in space history, which is being sponsored by the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) history division,
headed by Steve Dick. A new online syllabus sampler, coordinated by
Committee on Education member, Julie Newell, is planned, as is a
revised edition of our "Introduction to the History of Science in Non
Western Traditions," edited by Douglas Allchin and Robert DeKosky.
The HSS Web site will feature a new look in 2007 including improved
ADA compliance and enhanced navigability. The 07 meeting in
Arlington, Virginia (across the river from Washington DC) should be
one of our larger meetings, with an expected attendance in excess of
900. Program chairs Marsha Richmond and Anita Guerrini are eager
to review proposals (the CFP is on p. 18) and Marc Rothenberg, our
local arrangements chair, will ensure that this is a memorable meet-
ing. Coinciding with that meeting is a new initiative to improve com-
munication between officials in Washington DC and our members.
There is much more and none of it would be possible without our
members. Thank you.
Correction: In the Octobe 2Y""11.. i .1 ,; -r ("Physics Reaching
Out," p. 10), Charles Weiner's name was spelled incorrectly.
In addition, he left the directorship of the Center for History of
Physics for MIT in 1974, not 1971. We regret the errors.
Reminder: The Isis Bibliography from 1975 to the
present is available online with the Research Libraries Group
(RLG). Members of the Society may access the RLG Web site
and the History of Science and Technology Database (HST)
through the HSS homepage at http://hssonline.org. RLG has
assigned us "Y6.G19" as a "User Name" and "HSSDEMO"
as a "Password."
History of Science Society Executive Office
PO Box 117360
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611-7360
3310 Turlington Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611
E-m ail: iif. l,,-- ...ili.. .. ..-
W eb site: lirp ,-*,-, l ...,,hin, ..I.. ,.
Subscription Inquiries: ISIS, OSIRIS, and HSS Newsletter
Please contact the University of Chicago Press directly, at:
,,'1,,, iiih',,1..I .. ,,:: lii, ,.,d.,i 877-705-1878/877-705-1879
1i.1.II. fi I toll free for U.S. and Canada.
Or write University of Chicago Press, Subscription
Fulfillment Manager, PO Box 37005, Chicago, IL
', m1, .7-7363.
Please notify both the HSS Executive Office and the
University of Chicago Press at the above addresses.
Editorial Policies, Advertising, and Submissions
The History of Science Society Newsletter is published in January, April, July,
and October, and sent to all individual members of the Society; those who reside
outside of North America pay an additional $5 annually to cover a portion of
airmail charges. The Newsletter is available to nonmembers and institutions
for $25 year
TheNewsletter is edited and desktop published in the Executive Office on an Apple
system using Microsoft Word and InDesign. The format and editorial policies are
determined by the Executive Director in consultation with the Committee on Pub-
lications and the Society Editor. All advertising copy must be submitted in elec-
tronic form. Advertisements are accepted on a space-available basis only, and the
Society reserves the right not to print a submission. The rates are as follows: Full
page (9 x 7.5"), $400; Horizontal or Vertical Half page (4.5 x 7.5"), $220; Quarter
page (3 x 5"), $110. The deadline for insertion orders and camera-ready copy is
six weeks prior to the month of publication (e.g., 20 November for the January
Newsletter) and should be sent to the attention of the HSS Executive Office at
the above address. The deadline for news, announcements, and job/fellowship/
prize listings is firm: The first of the month prior to the month of publication.
Long items (feature stories) should be submitted six weeks prior to the month of
publication as e-mail file attachments or on a 3.5" disk ,1,,._. ,,1 , ii 1i1 copy).
Please send all material to the attention of Michal Meyer at the HSS address above
(e-mail or disk appreciated).
2007 by the History of Science Society
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
News and Inquiries
HSS Welcomes New Treasurer
The Society welcomes Rachel Ankeny, School of
History and Politics at the University of Adelaide, as
its new Treasurer, effective 1Jan 2007. Dr. Ankeny is
an alumna of the HPS program at the University of
Pittsburgh and is a long-time member of the HSS.
We will feature a profile of Dr. Ankeny in the April
da Vinci Manuscript: Content
The British Library seeks a translator and online con-
tent developer to work 1.1 pi!,.':i i.1 iii.. i"'. the Codex
Arundel, a notebook of Leonardo da Vinci. Contact:
Katrina Dean, Curator of the History of Science, The
British Library, 96 Euston Road, London, NW1 2DB. Tel:
Eureka Database Transition
to OCLC FirstSearch
OCLC will be integrating the databases that cur-
rently reside on the Eureka service with OCLC's
FirstSearch service. The Eureka databases that
are moving are scheduled for availability on
FirstSearch by June 2007. OCLC currently plans
to provide a window of time during which da-
tabases will be available on both services. The
following 10 Eureka databases will transfer to
FirstSearch: iiilii..pl,1,.-: l1 Index, Royal An-
1ip,,l,,1 .-: : 11 Institute ,il....l..1'i: : 11 Litera-
ture nilii.,1l...I- Plus *Avery Index toArchi-
tectural Periodicals *!..1ii..ji ,pli. of the History
of Art *Chicano Database *FRANCIS (interna-
tional humanities and social sciences) *History
of Science, Technology, and Medicine *Index to
19th-Century American Art Periodicals *Rus-
sian Academy of Sciences .1.-i...ji l pl..... (social
sciences). FirstSearch features not currently pro-
vided by Eureka that will be available following
this transition include: *Cross-database search-
ing of up to three databases *Multiple interface
languages (Arabic, traditional and simplified
Chinese, English, French, Japanese, Korean, and
Spanish) *Search options that include operators
for proximity and plurals, stopwords and wild-
cards *Highlighting of search terms in search
results -Display of worldwide library holdings
for resources identified in OCLC and non-OCLC
databases *Links to full text within the First-
Search service. Visit www.oclc.org/firstsearch/ to
learn more about FirstSearch.
The History of Science Society ex-
presses its deep appreciation to
Marc Rothenberg for his ten years
of distinguished service as Treasurer
and Executive Committee member,
Proceedings of Museum
Boerhaave Conference Avail-
able: "Who Needs Scientific
In October 2005 Museum Boerhaave organized a
three-day conference on instruments and their us-
ers. To inform everyone who was unable to attend
the conference, a compilation of 27 contributions
was created, divided into three themes: Status of
Instruments, Location and l 1i- ,i iii.ii of Instru-
ments, and the Innovation of Instruments. The
proceedings are available as: Museum Boerhaave
Communication no. 315, "Who Needs Scientific
Instruments?" Conference on Scientific Instru-
ments and Their Users. Cost (including admin-
istration and postage): Euro 30 (Netherlands),
Euro 35 (Europe), Euro 40 (Outside Europe).
To order, write to: Museum Boerhaave, PO. Box
11280, 2301 EG Leiden, The Netherlands. Fax to:
(+31) 071.512.0344, or e-mail Administratie@
News from Division of History
of Science and Technology
Anyone wishing to receive news of the Division of His-
tory of Science and Technology of the International
Union of History and Philosophy of Science may
register at http://www.dhstweb.org/.
The Gutenberg-e Prize and
History of Science
Between 1999 and 2004, the American Histori-
cal Association awarded Gutenberg-e prizes to
exceptional dissertations from various fields and
topics in history. Each prize consisted of a $20,000
fellowship to be used by the author to convert
the dissertation into an electronic monograph of
the highest quality to be published by Columbia
University Press. The 2003 Gutenberg-e Prizes
were awarded to projects that focused on women's
history and the history of gender. Maria Rentetzi's
dissertation "Gender, Politics, and Radioactiv-
ity Research in Vienna, 1910-1938," (Virginia
Polytechnic Institute and State University, 2003),
was one of those prize-winning works. The judges
described Rentetzi's dissertation as "a complex,
creative, and fascinating study" of women in
Vienna working as independent researchers. The
work includes documentary research, material
culture and built environment analysis, and oral
histories that examine the culture of radioactivity
researchers during the early twentieth century. By
legitimizing electronic publishing, the AHA hopes
to change attitudes toward e-books. The program
may also contribute to a new conception of books
as a vehicle of knowledge. The first phase of this
project, designed to last six years, is now complete.
The AHA will announce future competitions.
Call for Papers/Manu-
Museum History Journal
The Museum History Journal, a new, refereed
international publication of critical evaluative
histories relating to museums, is soliciting manu-
scripts. The term '11.1,,. i.ii 'will be interpreted to
include not only a broad range of museum types,
including natural history, iiilii.|I...l.._ archaeol-
ogy, fine art, history, medical, and science and
technology, but also related cultural institutions,
such as aquaria, zoos, botanical gardens, arboreta,
historical societies and sites, architectural sites,
archives, and planetariums. Articles of 25 to 30
manuscript pages are requested in all catego-
ries. Manuscript preparation guidelines will be
available on the Left Coast Press, Inc. Web site at
www.lcoastpress.com or from the editors. To be
considered for the inaugural issue of the journal
(January 2008), manuscripts should be submit-
ted by 1 March 2007. All communications will be
electronic. Send to firstname.lastname@example.org.
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
X NASA History of the Scientific
6L Exploration of Earth and
In celebration of NASA's upcoming 50th an-
niversary, scholarly histories of NASA's activities
in the scientific exploration of Earth and space
Shave begun, organized by the History of the Sci-
Sentific Exploration of Earth and Space (HSEES)
program element. The primary objective of the
HSEES program element is to engage, inform
and inspire diverse public audiences by sharing
historical knowledge about NASA's scientific
Z exploration of the Earth and space, and by com-
Smunicating NASA's unique contributions to the
advancement of Earth and space science during
the past 50 years. More information on the
HSEES solicitation is at: http://nspires.nasaprs.
Z Midwest Junto for the History
The fiftieth annual meeting of the Midwest Junto
for the History of Science will be held April 13-
15, 2007, at Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.
The 2007 program committee invites paper
submissions on any aspect of the history and
philosophy of science, technology, or medicine.
Graduate students are especially encouraged
to participate, and by Junto tradition, lodging
for graduate-student presenters will be partially
subsidized. Junto organizers are working to
make this fiftieth-anniversary meeting of the
Junto particularly exciting, with some special
events and celebrations of the Junto's history.
A short abstract (100-150 words) of proposed
papers or sessions should be submitted by March
1, 2007, to the program committee chair: Amy
Bix, 633 Ross Hall, History Department, Iowa
State University, Ames, IA 50011; abix@iastate.
edu. Abstracts may be submitted electronically
by e-mail or as attachment, or by paper mail.
For further information, please contact Amy Bix
at the address above or visit http://www.history.
Victorian Studies seeks essays for a special issue
on "Victorian Emotions." Possible topics include
the role of the emotions in Victorian notions of
psychology, physiology, science, history, politics,
or art. This special issue will provide a forum
for discussing Victorian concerns about the
emotions that remain at issue today Deadline:
February 1, 2007. Direct all queries to guest edi-
tor Rachel Ablow (email@example.com). Essays
may not exceed 8,000 words. Send hard copies of
each submission to: Rachel Ablow, Department
of English, University at Buffalo, SUNY, Buffalo,
M.A. & Ph.D. in History at
Montana State University -
The Master's program is built upon the
faculty's strengths in the history of modern
American, the history of the North American
West, environmental history, the history of sci-
ence and technology, and the history of women
in a multi-cultural context.
Doctor of Philosophy Degree in History
- emphasizes the history of science and technol-
ogy, environmental history, the history of the
American West, and public history, and offers
advanced students opportunities for interdis-
ciplinary study. Applications are available at
For additional information visit: http://www.
montana.edu/history. Please direct questions to
Diane Cattrell, Graduate Program Coordinator:
firstname.lastname@example.org. Tel: 406.994.4396.
M.A. in HPSM at Durham
Durham University's Department of I lii.....pli
Centre for the History of Medicine and Disease
(CHMD), and School for Health are now ac-
cepting applications for the 2007/08 class of
their M.A. Program. The wide variety of topics
include: History and Philosophy of f.1,1...-
and Evolution, History and Philosophy of the
Physical Sciences, History of Medicine and
Public Health, Medical Ethics and Bioethics,
Medical Humanities, History and Philosophy of
Environmental Thought, History and Philoso-
phy of Sex, Gender and the Body, History and
Philosophy of Science and Religion, Metaphysics
and Science, History and Philosophy of Psychol-
ogy, Theories of Matter from Alchemy to the
Electron. For further information: http://www.
dur.ac.uk/hpsm.ma/ or e-mail Matthew D. Eddy
at email@example.com or e-Lutz Sauerteig
New Program in Vienna
A new doctoral program, "The Sciences in His-
torical Context," has been launched at the Uni-
versity of Vienna, Austria. The program is based
on a cooperative arrangement among five uni-
versity faculties: Historical and Cultural Studies,
Philosophy/Education, Mathematics, Physics,
and Life Sciences. Current international collabo-
rators include history of science programs at the
Humboldt University Berlin, The Goethe Univer-
sity Frankfurt/Main, The Ludwig-Maximilian
University Munich, Cambridge University in
England, and Arizona State University, as well as
the Max Planck Institute for History of Science
in Berlin. The aims of the program are to offer
a structured interdisciplinary curriculum in
History and Philosophy of Science with the col-
laboration of international visitors, and to make
possible the joint supervision of dissertations
by historians/historians and philosophers of
science and natural scientists/mathematicians.
For further information contact: http://www.
univie.ac.at/HPS/ or: http://forschung.univie.
,I: II ii p .I I .1 1 1 11 ii 1..11, .. '.
Opening of the Carl Gustav
The papers of Carl Gustav Hempel are now
open to research at the Archives of Scientific
I lIl ..plh Special Collections Department,
University of Pittsburgh Library System. The
papers include biographical material, cor-
respondence, research and lecture manuscripts,
and teaching documents, mostly stemming
from his p,',i-iii ,-l i iiIii period in the
U.S. For further inquiries, please contact the
Archives at i''"-' i il', 11, ..ii
Durham University Creates
HPSM Network for Northeast
Durham University's Department of Philosophy
manages the new HPSM listerserv, intended to
create a network for researchers based in the
north of England interested in topics broadly
relevant to HPSM studies (and relevant topics in
bioarchaeology, ]' i1 I.".' il..1,...- and human
geography). At present, the list has over one
hundred academic subscribers (both from Brit-
ain and abroad), as well as students reading for
an M.A. or Ph.D. in HPSM-related subjects. To
join, please send an e-mail to Matthew D. Eddy
Libraries and Collec-
Wellcome Library Special
The Library is returning to the refurbished
183 building. Special Collections, Rare Books,
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
Archives and Manuscripts, and
Asian Collections have returned.
Iconographic collections will be
moved early this year. The rest of the
Library will move over the Easter
period. The Library will be closed
from March 26, reopening on April
16, 2007. For further information:
The Lloyd Library plans to reopen on
15 January 2007 after renovations.
Further Information: http://www.
11 , li ,, ,i ,,,' .
Sixty Years of Science at
UNESCO 1945-2005: Visit
World's First Global Science
Museum TryScience Launches
New Look: New features include,
Sri- 11 i,, ,1 tools to explore the
site without leaving the home
page, language translations that
include German, Spanish, Chinese,
Japanese, French, Italian, Arabic and
Portuguese, enhanced, more-acces-
sible content for parents, teachers,
and scientists and engineers. Visit:
http://www.tryscience.org or contact
the Hall's public relations office at
718.699.0005, ext. 342.
History of Communication
Research Online Bibliography
Available: A searchable, online
..'I.il,, Iplh of published works
on the history of communication
research has been recently posted
University of Michigan
Launches site on 1918 Flu
Pandemic. The Center for the
History of Medicine at the University
of Michigan Medical School has un-
veiled a Web site of primary source
materials covering the 1918-1920
influenza pandemic. http://www.
X udrey Blyman Davis, former
curator of medical history at the
Smithsonian Institution's National
Museum of American History, died
29 August 2006 at her home in
Baltimore, Maryland. She was 72.
Dr. Davis was one of the pioneering
female curators in the Department
of Science and Technology at the
museum. She earned a bachelor's
degree (1956) in chemistry and
education from Adelphi College,
received a fellowship to study at the
Harvard School of Education (1959-
1960), and took her Ph.D. (1969)
in the history of science fromJohns
Audrey taught science in the
New York and Boston public school
systems from 1956-1962. In 1967,
she began a twenty-six year career
at the Smithsonian as curator of
medical sciences. Among her many
publications Davis was best known
for her pioneering work, Medicine
and Its ..;. ..'. i I ,Introduc
tion to the History of Medical
7.- .'. (1981) and The Finest
Instruments Ever Made: A S.''.', -
raphy of Medical, Dental, Optical
and Pharmaceutical Company
Trade Literature (1986) with Mark
From 1982 to 1985, Audrey
was the Secretary of the History of
Science Society and editor of the
History of Science Society Newsletter,
which she helped transform. She was
a past president of the Smithsonian
Institution's Women's Council.
In 1985 Audrey and her
husband Miles Davis established
The Watson Davis and Helen Miles
Davis Prize, "named in honor of the
long-time director of the Science
Service to honor books in the history
of science that are directed to wide
public audiences or to undergradu-
After her retirement from
the Smithsonian in 1993, Audrey
helped curate exhibitions for the
Dr. Samuel D. Harris National
Museum of Dentistry in Baltimore,
Maryland. She was an avid book
collector and active in many com-
munity ,.- i,, ,i.i,.,i Besides her
husband of forty-six years, Audrey is
survived by her two children, Laura
Davis Beilstein and Alan Watson
Davis, a sister, two brothers and four
Judy M ..
"Humanists, Artisans, and Laboratories" was held in
memory of Owen Hannaway, historian of chemistry and
of early modem science atJohns Hopkins University from
1967 to 1999. Papers by Simon
Schaffer, Mary Henninger-Voss
and Pamela Smith explored
themes that revealed Owen's in-
tellectual range and reflected on
what he taught us about how
to place the history of science
in its cultural context. Owen's
diverse interests included the
pedagogic origins of chemistry
in the 16th century, the changes r
in material culture and econ-
omy that lay behind Georgius
Agricola's woodcuts, the differing ideologies of Tycho
Brahe and Andreas Libavius, and the laboratory culture
of America's first research university. Pamela Smith's talk,
"Butter and Mercury, Lizards and Vermillion: Artisanal
Views of Nature in Early Modern Europe," examined two
artisanal practices of 16th-century European metalworkers
involving butter and mercury, in order to draw out the
underlying principles by which these craftsmen organized
their work and viewed their world. She developed the
theme that workshop practices were underpinned by a
broad and coherent body of beliefs about nature and the
behavior of materials, a body of knowledge that we might
think of as "vernacular science." Mary Henninger-Voss,
in "Mathematicians and the Word," explored the ways in
which 16th-century mathematicians employed human-
ist histories of magical traditions in order to express the
possibilities that mathematics
might fulfill in understanding
both God's creation and human
creativity. Simon Schaffer's
paper "Laboratory Work and the
Spaces of the'.:.,, ii took us to
Glasgow to examine the labora-
S tory workplace and its changing
relationship to philosophy.
Thinking of laboratories not
1 as fixed or stable places, but
as nodes in dynamic global
networks, Schaffer underscored
the relationship between the emergence of the research
laboratory and the broader transformations occurring in
the modern world. We were intrigued to see photographs
of the 19th-century chemistry laboratory of the University
of Glasgow (modeled on the medieval Abbot's Kitchen of
Glastonbury Abbey), which survived to 1957 when Owen
began as an undergraduate there. Schaffer drew attention
to Owen's experiences and scholarly insights as he led us
via Glasgow into a wide-ranging discourse on the history
of chemistry and chemical pedagogy. Barbara Becker
ended with a slide show and commentary on Owen's life
-By Sharon Kingsland
Vancouver Meeting Notes: Memorial for Owen
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
Awards, Honors, and Appointments
Marcia Allentuck, professor emerita at the
Graduate Center, City University of New York, has
been elected to the Royal Society of Literature in
Monica H. Green, Professor of History at Arizona
State University, has been appointed as a mem-
ber of the Commissione Scientifica dell'Edizione
Nazionale "La Scuola Medica Salernitana." This
international commission is charged with establish-
ing critical editions and other scholarly tools for
research on the so-called "School of Salerno," the
most important medical center in Europe in the
The winner of the British Society for the History of
Science 2006 Outreach essay, "Why should anyone
need to know about the history of science?" is Mi-
chal Meyer, a graduate student at the University
of Florida. Her entry, along with further information
about the competition, may be found at http://www.
'i, l,h.i ..i i.l 1J, '. ..,il. .i:i, '.. _com petition/.
Peter Pesic was recently awarded the Peano
Prize forAbel's Proof An Essay on the Sources
and Meanings of Mathematical Unsolvability
(MIT Press, 2003). He was also just elected a Fel-
low of the American Association for the Advance-
ment of Science.
Marc Rothenberg is the new Historian for the
National Science Foundation. His contact infor-
mation is (e-mail) :iii..il.:.., if .-..v, (phone)
703.229.7729, (address) Office of Public and Legis-
lative Affairs, National Science Foundation, Room
1245, 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Arlington, VA 22230.
Robert E. Schofield has been awarded the Chemi-
cal Heritage Foundation's first Roy G. Neville Prize
in, I.I i-.-- l 1.1, i. i...i i, l f. -.i his books The En-
lightenment ofJoseph Priestly and The Enlightened
Joseph Priestly. The Neville Prize recognizes either
a monograph that contributes to the ',il . ,iiilji
knowledge of the chemical and molecular sciences or
a major biographical work in those sciences.
Michael M. Sokal (Worcester Polytechnic
Institute, Emeritus) has been awarded the Lifetime
Achievement Award for 2006 given by the Society
for the History of Psychology (Division 26 of the
American Psycli....-'l : 1 i ,... 11iii '
S The following announcements .. ..'..'for space. For full descriptions and for the latest announcements, please visit
Jo http://hssonline.org. The Society does not assume responsibility for the accuracy of any item, and interestedpersons should all details.
Those who wish to publish ajob announcement should send an electronic ., :. ...' ; to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute invites applications and nominations
for the position of Head of the Humanities and Arts Department, to begin 1 July
2007. Review of applications will continue until the position is filled. Appli-
cants should send a letter of application with r6sum6 to: Humanities and Arts
Head Search Committee, Office of Human Resources, Worcester Polytechnic
Institute, 100 Institute Road, Worcester, MA 01609-2280.
The Center for Society and Genetics at UCLA seeks a co-director.
Applicants should send a letter of application, c.v, statement of research and
teaching interests, names of referees, and samples of scholarship to: Chair,
CSG Co-Director Search Committee, UCLA Center for Society and Genetics, Box
957221, 1323 Rolfe Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095-7221. For more information
contact Norton Wise: email@example.com, or Ed McCabe: emccabe@
Chemical Heritage Foundation invites applications for the position of
Historian in the Roy Eddleman Institute for Interpretation and Education
(REI). Applicants should e-mail cover letter, c.v, and contact information for
three references to: firstname.lastname@example.org. Review of applica-
tions will continue until the position is filled. Further Information: http://www.
Oregon State University invites nominations and applications for ap-
pointment to the Thomas Hart and Mary Jones Horning Professorship in the
Humanities (to be filled by an historian of science). Nominations and applica-
tions should be sent to: Paul Farber, Chair of the Horning Search Committee,
Oregon State University, Department of History, 306 Milam Hall, Corvallis, OR
97331-5104. Further information: http://.i..- I..ma ,i I.1i.i ,:1, iiii..i '. Applica-
tions must be received by 31 January See advertisement on p. 16.
University College London seeks two full-time historians of medicine.
Minimum requirements are a Ph.D. in hand, and a track record of publica-
tion in the proposed field of research. Applications are due by 9 February 2007,
and may be submitted electronically or by post. Send letter outlining previous
research and teaching and lines of future research, together with a c.v and the
details of three persons who can be contacted for letters of reference, to Harold
J. Cook, The Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at UCL, 210
Euston Rd., London NW1 2BE, UK; or to email@example.com. Further informa-
Rutgers University invites scholars at the beginning of their career studying the
history of electrical technology and computing to contact the IEEE History Center
to be considered for a paid Internship at the Center's offices on the Rutgers Univer-
sity campus. To apply, mail a c.v il.,,;- .. ili a cover letter describing the proposed
project by 1 March 2007 to: Internship, IEEE History Center, Rutgers, The State
University of NewJersey, 39 Union Street, New Brunswick, NJ 08901-8538. Further
information: 1i rlr % I- .... ... ii. ii,.. i nii. I.i-, _center/finsupport.html.
Cornell University offers a two-year, post-doctoral fellowship for a candi-
date with an outstanding record in the area of science & technology studies. A
Ph.D. in science & technology studies or a related field is required. To apply,
send a letter of application, c.v, writing sample, and the names and addresses
of three references to: Mellon Fellowship Search, Department of Science &
Technology Studies, 306 Rockefeller Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853.
Review of applications will begin immediately and continue until the position
is filled. Further information: http://www.sts.cornell.edu/.
Stony Brook University's Women's Studies Program invites applica-
tions for the position of Chair, effective 1 September 2007. To apply, send a
c.v, statement of research and teaching interests, samples of publications, and
three letters of reference to: Search Committee, Women's Studies Program, 105
Old Chemistry, Stony Brook University, SUNY, Stony Brook, NY 11794-3456.
Further information: http://www.stonybrook.edu/cjo.
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
Grants, Fellowships, and Prizes
.... I' .. . r .-space. Forfulldescrptionsandfor
the latest announcements, please visit our Web i- i- ';' ... ,. TheSociety
does not assume responsibilityfor the accuracy of any item, andpotentialapplicants
, ./, all details, ,.... dates, with the organization or foundation
of interest Those who wsh to publish a grant, fellowship, or prize announcement
. .. ,, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Lawrence Memorial Award
The annual Award i I 1, is given to support travel for doctoral dissertation research
in systematic botany or horticulture, or the history of the plant sciences, includ-
ing literature and exploration. Professors are urged to nominate students who have
achieved official candidacy. Letters of nomination and supporting materials, including
seconding letters, should be received by the Committee no later than 1 May 2007 and
should be directed to: Dr. R. W Kiger Hunt Institute, Carnegie Mellon University 5000
Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890 U.S. Tel. 412-268-2434.
The H. Richard Tyler Award
This award sponsored by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) encourages
historical research using the AAN Rare Books Collection at the Bernard Becker
1,'i.,i: i1 i lh ir at the '.: 11 ii :i.. I University School of Medicine in St. Louis,
MO. The award provides up to $1,200 for research expenses. Applications can be
submitted online from the AAN Web site at: http://www.aan.com/awards. For more
information, visit the Archives and Rare Books section of the Becker Library Web
site at http://becker.wustl.edu/aan.
The Bakken Library and Museum
The Bakken Library and Museum offers two kinds of assistance for the purpose of
facilitating research in its collection of books, journals, manuscripts, prints, and
instruments: Visiting Research Fellowships and Research Travel Grants. Visiting
Research Fellowships (up to $1,500) are to be used to help to defray the direct costs
of conducting research. Deadline: 16 February 2007. Research Travel Grants up to a
maximum of $500 (domestic) and $750 t. i .-11 are to be used to help to defray the
direct costs of conducting research. Contact: Elizabeth Ihrig, Librarian, The Bakken
Library and Museum, 3537 Zenith Avenue So., Minneapolis, MN., 55416; tel. 612-
926-3878 ext. 227, fax. (612) 927-7265, or e-mail I1.-: il. 1, 1-1i,. i. ,, -
The Victor and Joy Wouk Grant-in-Aid Program
California Institute of Technology Grants-in-Aid offers research assistance of up to
$2000 for work in the Papers of Victor Wouk in the Caltech Archives. The Maurice A.
Biot Archives Fund and other designated funds offer research assistance up to $1500
to use the collections of the Caltech Archives. Please visit: http//archives.caltech.edu.
Applications are reviewed onJanuary 1, April 1,July 1 and October 1 of each year.
The University of Oklahoma Travel Fellowship Program
The Andrew W Mellon Travel Fellowship Program helps visitors to make use of
the University's History of Science Collections. Proposals from scholars at both
predoctoral and postdoctoral levels are evaluated continuously upon receipt, and
funds awarded shortly after the decision is made. E-mail: email@example.com or
i,,,.il i..... ,i ,.,ii. i Web site: http://libraries.ou.edu/etc/histsci/mellon.asp.
Grants in Aid for History of Modern Physics
The Center for History of Physics of the American Institute of Physics has a pro-
gram of grants-in-aid for research in the history of modern physics and allied sci-
ences and their social interactions. Grants can be up to $2,000 (for reimbursement
of expenses for travel and subsistence to use the resources of the Center's Niels
Bohr Library in College Park, Maryland, or expenses to tape-record oral history
interviews or microfilm archival materials). Apply to: Spencer Weart, Center for
History of Physics, American Institute of Physics, One Physics Ellipse, College Park,
MD 20740. E-mail: sweart@ aip.org. Phone: 301.209.3174. Fax: (301) 209-0882.
Deadlines:15 April, 15 November.,, 1111 '"- : 1 li.. i.
INA Grant-in-Aid Program
The International Neuropsychopharmacology Archives (INA) announces the avail-
ability of grants of up to $1,500 to support research at the INA at the Vanderbilt
University Medical Center Archives, Nashville, Tennessee, U.S. Grants will be given
four times a year. Deadlines are:l March, 1 June, 1 September, 1 December. Com-
pleted applications should be sent by the deadline to: INA Grant-in-Aid Program,
c/o CINP Central. Office, 1608 17th Avenue South, Nashville, TN, 37212, U.S.
2007 Jerry Stannard Memorial Award
The $1,000 award is given by the University of Kansas for an outstanding pub-
lished or unpublished scholarly study in the pre-1700 fields of material medical,
medicinal botany, pharmacy, folklore of drug therapy, and the ',il,.,. .- il'. of
these areas. The competition is open to graduate students and to recent recipients
of a doctoral degree. Manuscripts must be in English, French or German, and
should include a one-page abstract in English, a current c.v, and a letter of recom-
mendation from an established scholar in the field. Deadline: 15 February 2007.
Address manuscripts and correspondence to: The Stannard Award Committee,
Attn: Prof. Victor Bailey, Dept. of History, University of Kansas, Wescoe Hall, 1445
I i1 .,1i- .1 1 Room 3001, Lawrence, KS 66045-7590, U.S.
Ph.D. Studentships: Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine
The Wellcome Trust Centre anticipates being able to -it.. r ....r three research
studentships worth about19,000 p.a. plus the payment of "home" fees for
Ph.D. studentships/scholarships in the History of Medicine at University College
London. Inquiries may be made to the Centre's Graduate Tutor, Helga Satzinger,
firstname.lastname@example.org. For further information and application forms, please
contact Adam Wilkinson, email@example.com. Application deadline is 31 January
2007. For further information: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/histmed.
NYAM Student Essay Prize
The New York Academy of Medicine invites entries for the third annual New York
Academy of Medicine Student Essay Prize, awarded to the best unpublished essay
by a graduate student in a medical, nursing, pharmacy, or public health program
in the United States. The winner will receive $500, and the winning essay will
receive expedited review for possible publication in -1I,. i. rnal of Urban Health.
For more information, please call us at 212.822.7314, or visit: http://www.nyam.
org/grants/studentessay.shtml, or e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Scientific Instrument Society Research Grants
The Scientific Instrument Society awards small grants for research on the history
of scientific instruments. The grants are worth up to 500 each, and the Society
will commit a maximum of 1,500 in the calendar year. Grants may be used to
cover any costs of research, includingtravel aiill l i.-. plh. ppl..: all,|: ,i be
submitted at any time and will be reviewed by the Society's Committee. Success-
ful applicants are expected to report on the results of their research to the Society,
either at a meeting or through publication in the Society's Bulletin. Application
forms and further details are available at http://www.sis.org.uk/grants.htm.
Beckman Center Visiting Scholar Program Travel Grants
The CHF Beckman Center Visiting Scholar Program offers grants to help defray the
direct costs of conducting research in the Chemical Heritage Foundation's Othmer
Library and archival, artifact, and art collections in Philadelphia. Travel Grants
of approximately $750 per week can be used to cover travel, l...1 I..i-- and other
research expenses including photocopying. Applicants must electronically submit a
c.v, a one-page statement outlining the research project, the amount of time they
will need, and materials to be used, and one letter of reference sent directly from
the source to CHF There is no deadline for applications. For more information
visit: http://www.chemheritage.org or e-mail: 1i r ,.11., i 1 ii- :li, il l..,. .._1
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
An Educational Humour
Graeme Gooday and the Teaching of History of Science
From Gary Larson cartoons to terrible puns, Graeme Gooday aims to edu-
cate. "Humor helps to open up the possibility to students that science's
past is more complicated and interesting than they might expect. Cartoons
offer an unthreatening and (usually!) entertaining way of launching a
class discussion." The stage and the classroom are inseparable for Gooday,
who likens teaching to a branch of theater. "The dedication that goes into
teaching is comparable to the dedication that goes into stage productions; it
has somehow got to be both painstakingly prepared and yet also spontane-
ous." It's humor with a point. For Gooday, education is not about passing on
wisdom, but about nurturing active learners who can think for themselves.
Achieving that tricky balance of effort and ease won Gooday the 2006
Joseph H. Hazen Education Prize for excellence in teaching. Since 2000, this
senior lecturer in the history and philosophy of science at the University of
Leeds, U.K., has organized conferences, both national and international, on
teaching; has published papers on effective pedagogic practices, includ-
ing the pitfalls and pleasures of teaching science students; and has helped
formulate standards for the teaching of undergraduate history of science,
technology, and medicine in British universities.
Originally, Gooday planned on a career in physics. A stint as a lab as-
sistant between high school and university brought home the gap between
science as study and science as practice. i.. -. I i, I was suspicious of the
way that scientific pedagogy gave people entirely misleading views about how
science worked," Gooday says. Halfway through an undergraduate science
degree at Cambridge University he discovered a discipline called history and
philosophy of science. Unable to imagine himself as a future physicist, but
still fascinated by science, Gooday swapped the lab for the library. "I was
taken by the critical angle on science. I found that the experience of working
in a physical laboratory was much less tidy and convincing and much more
full of flaws and problems than [described in] any of the textbooks I read."
In the lab Gooday's numbers never came out right. Answering the why of that
led him into the nineteenth century and thence to graduate school at the
University of Kent at Canterbury, where he wrote a thesis on the founding of
physics-teaching laboratories in Britain. "I was trying to explain where this
peculiarly quantification-obsessed culture of physics education came from
in the 1860s and 1870s, when students went out measuring and were told
there was a fixed right answer to ev-
erything." Gooday found that physics
pedagogy had originally set out not
so much to mimic the practice of
science, but to make it easy to decide
who was right and who was wrong.
Researching the teaching of
science in the late Victorian and Ed-
wardian period gave Gooday a strong
sense of the history of education, one
relevant to his own teaching. "Un-
less you understand how people are
trained you can't properly under-
stand what their preoccupations and
agendas are, and what they think a
problem is," he says. "Very different
styles of teaching can produce very
different results." Shaping teaching
to the different experiences students
bring with them, whether from
science, medicine, or the arts, makes for more meaningful teaching. For that
reason it is technology, rather than science, that now plays the largest role in
Gooday's teaching, as his students find it easier to evolve views on airplanes or
computers compared to atomic theory or pangenesis.
Both Gooday's parents were high-school teachers, and both jovially
warned him of the perils of taking up teaching as a profession. But growing
up with their passion f.. ,I. i.: iii.: later reinforced by an extra-curricular
initiation in performance stagecraft, made education a natural career
choice. On the first day of a class on gender and science, Gooday might, for
example, begin by asking his students, 'Has science been dominated by white
men? What do you think?' Such an approach, he says, helps students think
both of the tellingly uncommon counter examples like Marie Curie and of
their own multi-faceted experiences of science in the classroom and labora-
tory. "They already have half formed inside their heads the basic phenom-
enon of gender, but they need to articulate it in their own words to appreciate
the reality of it."
Students learn best by listening and talking to their peers, Gooday
believes. "I don't think it's ever effective to teach by going into a class and
1. .:.in ih,: ill declaring 'here's the topic and this is the big issue."' Evolving
student views requires a delicate balance of authority and encouragement,
linked by humor. Gooday maintains that a student usually wants assurance
that a teacher knows what he or she is talking about. On the other hand,
teachers can't afford to overplay their own n.,l.,ii, r otherwise their students
will never get far beyond mimicry. "When I began teaching in 1989 I was
too decisive about what was the r,.i I, ..... I says Gooday "Back then I
thought there had to be a clear punch line, but now I reckon that's not the
best approach. If students think all they have to do is guess what the teacher
thinks is the right answer, or find out somehow what it is that you want to
hear, then you end up in a game that's detrimental to their personal develop-
ment. The point is to encourage them- with your n.Ili.IIr '...ilii .-, in their
favor that they are good, intelligent people, who are fully capable of work-
ing out what good answers might be. They can't really be educated effectively
unless they gain the conviction that they have views and understandings
worth sharing with others."
'What's 1t..,: l i..l.. is a typical question i.."..I ..1 iuse to start a
class in history of technology, both as a
way to start a conversation and to gauge
class participants' world views. 'So does all
technology bring us progress then?' he'll
ask later. "A few will nod, and others will
look at me, cautiously formulating their
thoughts; so I'll ask them what they think
about nuclear weapons and landmines, and
let them draw their own conclusion about
whether technology has a fundamentally
troubled relationship with progress." With
the right sorts of cues students can work out
considered views, without their teacher's
opinion getting in the way.
With its links to chemical weapons,
nuclear warfare, multinational drug cor-
porations, and genetically modified crops,
science seems no longer so cool for many
students, reflects Gooday on the chang-
.' ing nature of the audiences he has taught
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
in the past seventeen years. "They seem increasingly unimpressed by it, and
some even quite alienated: the challenge is to put that process of disenchant-
ment in reverse. Fortunately, learning the history of science doesn't require
students to love science. Maybe the history of science will give young people a
way of articulating their concerns about science by showing how in the past
it has changed in response to criticism from both scientists and the public."
Although the 11 "-ii.i ii": need to get swiftly through a crowded curriculum can
lead scientific pedagogy to distort some major issues, Gooday feels the gap
thereby opened up between pedagogy and practice creates a vital role for his-
tory of science in science education. "It opens up to students a view of science
as constantly changing and a view of themselves as potential future partici-
pants in that process of change."
History of science is not guaranteed a future, believes Gooday, unless histo-
rians of science go out of their way to promote it to the next generation.
"It takes effort, time, and trouble. The old stories about great male European
heroes like Einstein, Newton and Darwin don't have the same pull for young
people." One example of that effort is the "Bone Trail" project, organized
by Emm Barnes, Gooday's predecessor as Chair of the British Society for the
History of Science (BSHS) Education and Outreach Committee. In this lively
classroom enterprise, high school students reconstruct dinosaurs from copies
of their bones, and learn that there is a lot of important and interesting inter-
pretive leeway in trying to reconstruct the past from its vestigial remains.
"Our job is to attract people to learn our subject," says Gooday. "History of
science is not a default option. No one who is asked at age five what they want
to do is likely to say, 'I want to be a historian of science."' A related challenge
facing the discipline is the comparative and -.'', i.- i1"'.i'1 .1 ir of history of
medicine and history of technology. Without a case for relevance, history of
science may well lose out. "These weird notions of pure science as driving
civilization and technological success are largely a twentieth-century myth:
we all know now that much so-called "pure science" in the Cold War was sup-
ported by military funding. We have to get away from the concept that science
was ever pure at the risk of antagonizing scientists who believe that even if it
wasn't, it ought to have been." Presenting science as having always been part
of a wider political economy makes it easier for outsiders to appreciate what
science is about and why it matters.
A committed member of the BSHS, Gooday has been in turn a council
member, treasurer, and a committee member of the education section, not to
mention secretary of the history of science section of the British Association for
the Advancement of Science, and now chairs its outreach group. "I thrive in
.1- i I, iai.. ii says Gooday, "I like 1,. 11,, %., l. For example, choral singing
provides a counterbalance to the isolation of teaching. "As a singer in a chorus
you become part of the team and learn to share things," says Gooday. "I think
it's vital that teachers regularly put themselves in a position where they learn
something new from somebody else. The further you get in your career the
harder it is to reconstruct what it's like to have the extraordinary experience
of encountering history of science for the first time. As a teacher you have to
remind yourself of what it is to be part of the learning process. Choral singing
does that for me." As a keen collector of satirical Victorian songs on science
and technology, he entertains in his rare idle moments the prospect that one
day a class of his students or perhaps an HSS conference panel? will sing
some of them to rediscover the humorous possibilities that the new-fangled
telephone and electric light presented to out great-great-grandparents.
By Michal Meyer
would like to thank the
ll1w iiw donors for their
generous support of r.'_ dir te
students at the 2ln.i; annual
rneethiiiz. Over $1,2.1111 was
raised to subsidize ._,rdIute
Elizabeth Green Musselman
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
Robin Marantz Henig and the Children of Knowledge
W hen Robin Marantz Henig set out in 2000 to write a book about the
world's first test tube baby, she was surprised to find an even more
complex history than she had remembered, a story both ambiguous
and archetypal. The story of the early days of in vitro fertilization research is,
she discovered, about pushing the boundaries of science and helping people.
It's about a scientist attempting to regain lost stature, who may (or may not)
have created the first successful test tube pairing of egg and sperm. It's about a
woman desperate for a baby, and the court case she instigated when she didn't
get that baby. And it's about the domestication of technology, of making the
the kind of concerns that made the news, Henig dug out old newspapers and
magazines from libraries. Being the first to accomplish something ensures a
person a place in history, so while the name of Louise Brown stuck in people's
minds, much of the prior story had slipped away Shettles, an IVF pioneer on
the verge of retirement and looking to make good on a career long on promise
and short on results, was a part of that story. "It's not deep dark history, it was
just in the Seventies," says Henig, "but even so things were still hidden away."
In explaining her lifelong fascination with science, Henig recalls that her
mother always expressed amazement at the laws of nature. "We were secular
unnatural natural. Jews," she says, "so God was never the explanation
Pandora's Baby: How the First Test Tube Babies "The federal government hasn't for how or why science was." Henig's brother went
Sparked the Reproductive Revolution reached learned how to promote this on to study medicine and Henig grew up thinking of
the bookstores in 2004. The book won the History kind of promising research. science as an answer to how the world works. At Cor-
of Science Society's 2006 Watson Davis and Helen nell University she majored in English and then went
Miles Davis prize for the best book aimed at a broad They've abrogated [ responsibil- for a degree in journalism at Northwestern. A career
audience, and led to a PBS documentary called Test ity] yet again, and this time left as a magazine staff writer turned into freelance writ-
Tube Babies. Both of Henig's most recent books, The it to the states. It seems again ing over twenty years ago, after the birth of her two
Monk in the Garden, and Pandoras Baby, grew out to be something that the NIH is daughters,Jessica and Samantha.
of contemporary concerns: the sequencing of the hu- not going to take the lead on. Communicating science turned into a career
man genome in the late Nineties for the Monk in the that began with books on health, babies, and aging.
Garden; embryonic stem cell research for Pandoras We haven't learned; I think new "Sometimes my mother will tell me, 'that was an
Baby. "I feel that if we clearly understand a moment technology goes through this interesting article; I didn't understand it.' I feel then
in history that is similar to the moment we are going arc every single time." as though I didn't do my job, which is to make my
through right now, then we will be able to deal with mother, who is interested and smart but uneducated,
the current iteration of whatever that is," says Henig. understand what I'm talking about. I want people
Focusing on one story, and all the issues involved in that historical period, will not to shy away from science just because it is science. The concepts can be
help us make better decisions now, she believes. Decisions that today involve pretty 'II I.l lif. ,. 11.1 if you explain it clearly then people should not only
designer babies, cloning, and gene therapy understand it but get excited about it." Here, adds Henig, a cautious optimism
Louise Brown, the world's first test tube baby, was born in 1978, but Henig's may be in order. "I'm seeing little bits of movement in the direction of making
history begins in 1973 with a woman named Doris Del-Zio and her overwhelm- science seem less scary There's a movement towards putting science into the-
ing desire for a child. More than twenty years after the events, Del-Zio refused atrical productions and into TV shows. If that keeps going then maybe people
Henig's request for an interview, but her husband, John, spoke about the IVF won't turn off science quite so quickly, and they might be a bit more rational
attempts, and the court case that followed after Raymond Vande Wiele, chair- when looking at some of these complex issues."
man of obstetrics and gynecology at Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center, While Henig has no emotional stake in the natural versus unnatural
ordered the destruction of the contents of the test tube that contained the Del argument in baby making, she finds the discussion fascinating. "That's what
Zio's eggs and sperm. Landrum Shettles, the Columbia Presbyterian doctor who makes reproductive technology so interesting- here we are imposing a harsh
attempted the IVF procedure, also spoke to Henig. At the time, Shettles was in scientific reality onto something that is the essence of what makes us human."
a nursing home and only months away from dying, burdened by a sometimes During the writing of the book she found herself a little more sympathetic to
erratic memory. As a journalist, Henig would rather talk to people than pore the 'slippery slope' point of view. "It did make me see that there was a certain
over old papers, but in the case of her book research she value to that argument, because we wouldn't be talking
found interviews less useful than the documents. Histori- about cloning or designer babies if we hadn't taken
cal records, such as depositions, were always more reliable that first step of perfecting IVF. One thing does lead
than people's memories. ii, ..h.. I. ,,,.-, to see that the to another. The question is at what point do you start
archival research was where the accurate information imposing restrictions on it?" Henig rejects the position
was," she says. "People's memories are colored by their of bioethicist Leon Kass, who wanted restrictions from
preferences, by what they hope to remember, and by the the very beginning, and who wrote that IVF was part of
passage of time." a "new holy war against human nature." Indeed, Henig
Henig remembers her time in the archives as a slog. uses Kass to draw a connection between the old debate
Boxes and boxes of legal documents were brought to the on IVF and the current debate on cloning and designer
national archives in New York. Henig set up a desk and = babies. "He was the same individual making the same
paid for her xeroxing in bulk as she sat with nine huge complaint [then and now], and sometime using the
boxes of court records. To get the flavor of the times and same language. He's a hard liner and he's unusual in
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
I, that he didn't ease up in his feelings about IVF;
the kind of guy who objects to the morality of
eating ice cream cones on the street."
Doris del Zio told the court in 1978 that
Vande Wiele killed her baby. "The emotional
,. content of that trial was also due to its timing
PII 11A IIT with the birth of the first test tube '. ii says
S... ..... Henig. One week after the trial began, the
contents of the destroyed test tube were given
extra reality with the arrival of a healthy Louise
Brown extinguishing fears that IVF, by tread-
ing in the domain of God and nature, would
lead to monstrous births. Loaded language
still drives much of the emotion about reproductive technology, Henig says.
"Today the first mistake was calling embryonic stem cells embryonic. When
you ask people what an embryo is, they think in
terms of a fetus, not a four- or eight-cell blastocyst."
Therapeutic cloning also brings up worrying images
of humans grown for body parts. Says Henig: "Sci- calling embry
ence lost from the beginning by having the wrong embryonic. W1
1t.-I 11111 pie what an
The Del-Zios won the court case against Vande think in term<
Wiele. Soon IVF moved into mainstream science in
America, with Vande Wiele one of its leading propo-
nents and co-director of New York's first IVF clinic. Science lost
( 1l,.iii.. i11 h.llow the same route as IVF, Henig ning by having
believes, remaining apart from mainstream federally minology."
funded American research until success produces
irresistible forces. "Once there are good results, a cure for diabetes or even
a healthy clone, I think the objections will start to fade away I don't think
it will be common, as there aren't that many reasons to work really hard to
clone i I ii, A successful new technology gradually becomes part of life,
accepted and mostly unquestioned. "Fifty years fl..,i i .. ,, predicts Henig,
"people won't worry about it much."
Yet to the extent that we've learned any lessons from the mainstream-
ing of IVF, we've learned the wrong ones, argues Henig. Like embryonic stem
cell research, IVF never received any federal money. Rather than regulation,
attempts were made to impose sanctions on embryonic stem cell research, in
an effort, says Henig, to avoid dealing with the issue. "The federal govern-
ment hasn't learned how to promote this kind of promising research. They've
abrogated [responsibility] yet again, and this time left it to the states. It
seems again to be something that the NIH is not going to take the lead on.
We haven't learned; I think new technology goes through this arc every single
time." The regulatory void gave the marketplace a
major role in shaping IVF To increase pregnancy
t mistake was
success rates fertility clinics put more embryos in
nic stem cells women's uteruses, leading to more multiple births.
n you ask peo- "Sometime these commercially driven decisions
nbryo is, they are bad scientific decisions," Henig says. And while
of fetus, not a national bioethics commissions have traditionally
provided thoughtful advice in an attempt to balance
Sblastocyst.. research and restrictions, their advice is mostly
om the begin- ignored, she adds. "I don't think we've learned any
the wrong ter- lessons from that, either. We are going to be reactive,
no matter what."
By Michal Meyer
Request for Prize Nominations
(Book Nominations are due 1 April and
can be made online at http://hssonline.org
- click on Society Awards)
Nathan Reingold Prize (formerly known as
the Schuman Prize) for the best graduate-
student essay (deadline 1 June)
Margaret W. Rossiter History of Women in
Science Prize for the best book on women
in the history of science. (Books published
from 2003 to 2006 are eligible)
Joseph H. Hazen Education Prize for
exceptional educational activities in the
history of science (Deadline 1 April)
Watson Davis and Helen Miles Davis Prize
for the best book in history of science intended
for a broad audience, published 2004-2006
Pfizer Award for the best book aimed at a
scholarly audience in history of science,
Sarton Medal for exceptional scholarship
over a lifetime. Nominations are due 1
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
A Life in Mosaic
Mary Jo Nye Wins Sarton Medal
Sary Jo Nye's academic life was formed at the University of Wisconsin-Madi-
son during the turbulent Sixties. She studied at a time when externalism
in history of science had shifted from being thought of as Marxist to being
considered exciting. Her first research trip to France coincided with the outbreak
of the 1968 revolution, transportation strikes, and student-occupied universities.
"My generation was the Vietnam generation," says Nye. "There was a shift as
more and more people began looking ii il... i. -ovemment fund some sci-
ences and not others, and why they fund them. A lot of people became interested
in studying the Manhattan Project and its aftermath."
A career that began with the study of the French physical sciences expanded
to England, Germany, and then to the United States. Nye's publications include
Science in the Provinces (19 ,), I ./. ,.,: Physics, War, and Politics in the
Twentieth Century (2004), papers on Linus Pauling and Michael Polanyi, and
editing projects, such as volume 5 of the new Cambridge History ofScience
I I 1 :*. I i. r career led her from the University of Wisconsin to the University
of Oklahoma, and then to Oregon State University as the Homing Professor of
the Humanities and Professor .fi i..r i.i i. i:.: il it led her to Vancouver,
British Columbia, where Nye was awarded the 2006 Sarton Medal, the Society's
highest award, at the HSS annual meeting.
Along with many other students studying history of science in the Six-
ties, Nye's background lay in science. Starting at Vanderbilt University, she
finished her chemistry undergraduate degree at Wisconsin. Like many science
undergraduates of the time, she took a history of science course as part of the
chemistry degree, 11i i 1 111 if the tradition that goes back to the nineteenth
century," Nye says, "when philosophy of chemistry included history of chemistry
and was part of standard chemistry. Professors thought it was important for
their students to study the history of chemistry as part of what we would call
chemical education." Such courses continued to be a regular feature until
after World War II. Nye was part of the last generation offered history as part
of science. Now, she says, with history rarely making an appearance in science
curricula, science students need to be taught science as a part of history.
History of science began serendipitously for Nye. In her senior year she chose
history of chemistry class (with Robert Siegfried) over inorganic chemistry and liked
it. After graduation Nye worked in a spectroscopy lab over the summer and thought
about job options mainly chemistry and science journalism. She bumped into
her history of chemistry teacher on campus, who, of course, asked what she was
doing. Nye told him she had made no decisions yet, and Siegfried suggested that she
enter the history of science program. Nye enjoyed the Master's program so much
that she went straight into the Ph.D. track as Erwin Hiebert's student.
"Erwin was remarkable in terms of his influence on me and a lot of other
people. It was a while before I caught on to the fact that there were a lot of us, a
succession of women over the years. The proportion of his students who are wom-
en was quite high (one of his early students was Carolyn Merchant). He gave us
confidence, and he treated women like he treated the men. He always supported
us in what we did, and I'm talking about the Sixties and early Seventies." Hiebert
had the habit of holding seminars at his home, part of the German tradition,
says Nye, of the l.-: .it. ii i1. i Discussions ranged widely. Hiebert's own interests
encompassed all kinds of chemistry all kinds of physics, the intersections between
the two, philosophy of science, religion, figures such as Ernst Mach, Max Planck,
and Lise Meitner, and literature (Nye's minor field). i.. 1i 1 : learned from
him was the whole gamut of European science and British science," she says. "I
found that working with Erwin, I could do all those things and pick and choose
among them. I didn't think of myself as specialized Erwin's breadth of interest
is so great that he gave that breadth to us." It's a world view that extends to mu-
sic. At the 2006 Vancouver meeting Hiebert and his wife, Elfrieda, a musicologist
and director of the Chamber Music Program at Harvard University, each gave a
talk on the links between science and music to an audience that included some
of their ex-students. For Hiebert's sixtieth birthday in I t iH. ,'i'. Mathemat
ica dedicated an issue to him, with contributions by ex-students Joan Richards
and Roger Stuewer In 1992 Richards, Stuewer and Nye published a Festschrift
volume, which they co-edited, The Invention of Physical Science: Intersections
of Mathematics, 7.. -' i- andNatural Philosophy since the Seventeenth
Century. Essays in Honor of Erwin M. Hiebert.
When Nye began her graduate career, Wisconsin expected many of its history
of science students to work in the physical sciences. "When I came in, the em-
phasis was on the ancient, medieval, early modem, and 18th century; those of us
doing work in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries were a minority. There was
all this talk about the internal and external debate, and a lot of that was rooted
in the politics of the Fifties. If you were interested in how economic circum-
stances and social need determined how science was done and how institutions
operated, that was consistent with Marxism and materialism. In the Fifties that
was regarded as left wing." Nye's generation, the Vietnam generation, gradually
produced a shift in how science was studied historically. Her own work started
out fitting within the internalist tradition, but soon included a larger perspective.
i .. .:. .111 11... ii to be interested in the political views of scientists and the way
political regimes support or don't support certain kinds of science. I think a lot of
people identify Wisconsin in the Sixties with the internalist approach, but looking
at the people who came out of that program, something was going on there."
After the first research trip to France in 1968, Nye and her husband Bob
finished writing their dissertations in the summer of 1969. Out of three possible
dissertation choices Nye picked the French one, partly as a result of her hus-
band's field of French history. After graduation, Nye received a National Science
Foundation funded postdoc in history of science, and Bob landed a job at the
University of I ii-i ,il i ., 1 .,. taught part time for a fewyears until she received
a tenure-track appointment at OU, by which time she had already published her
first book, Molecular Reality: A
Perspective on ... .. Work
ofJean Perrin. Their daughter
Lesley was born in 1971, and al-
most immediately the Nyes packed
up and returned to France for eight
months. "We traded .it i i,11.
care of .11 .1i I.i. 1il. saysNye,
"depending on who had to go out
and do research. By the late 1970s
I was working on a book on French
provincial science. In addition to
being in Paris, I was doing a study
of five other cities in France. When
we went to these places, Bob took
lion's share of caring." Back in
Oklahoma, they made sure to live
close to their offices, only a twenty-
minute walk from campus, and
never taught at the same time. The Nyes' also held classes in their home, but soon
gave that up with young child in the house.
Trips to France were frequent, most summers and once for an entire year. Then
Nye's interests broadened to include England and PM.S. Blackett, so they began
going there as well, and Bob started work on a comparative study of France and
England. Then Germany made it onto the academic itinerary After the move to OSU
in 1994, Nye's interests extendedto the U.S and Linus Pauling, whose papers are
held at OSU. Pauling's sheer amount of correspondence and broad compass of work
- crystallography to quantum mechanics and biochemistry to disarmament fas-
cinated her. "It spans the whole twentieth century," says Nye, "and it spans all the
sciences." Mary Jo and Bob Nye now share the same department at OSU, and their
offices are next to each other. "I have a husband who shares my interests," says Nye.
I... ... ,i I. ... 11 research together, we read everything the other has written, and we
talk all the time about what we're doing. We've supported each other."
Currently, Nye is working on the physical chemist and philosopher Michael
Polanyi, both on the technical aspects of his work and on how his experiences as a
scientist in Berlin during the Twenties and early Thirties influenced his philosophy.
Polanyi's concerns with issues of centralization grew out of his fear that the model
being set up in the Soviet Union would proliferate, says Nye. "What I find interesting
about him were his political views in the big European context in the period before
World War I to the Cold War, and looking at how this one man's career mirrors all the
different lives he was living." A recent paper of hers compared Karl Popper, Thomas
Kuhn, and Polanyi. "Popper and Polanyi had fundamental disagreements; Polanyi
taking the view about how scientists in fact operate, while Popper's work was more
about how scientists should operate in an ideal world," says Nye. "A lot of people
make use of Polanyi, particularly his ideas on tacit knowledge. What he did was to
shift talk about the nature of science from scientific logic to scientific practice. And
the philosophers weren't too happy with that." Polanyi, however, had less influence
than Kuhn for two reasons, says Nye: A lack of clarity as a writer and a religious
dimension to Personal Knowledge (1958) that put off a lot of scientists and philoso-
phers. "His argument was a fideist argument; doing scientific work requires scientists
to make a commitment of belief. Scientists wouldn't do the work they did seeking
to understand order and understand what is there if they didn't have faith that they
could understand it, that there is a guarantee in the order of things. In many respects,
he seems to be introducing the notion of a god who ensures the order of things, and a
guarantee that what we know can be relied upon."
A long-time and involved member
of the HSS, Nye served as vice president
in 1987, and then an extended term as
president when president Bill Coleman
fell sick. In 2000 she presented the HSS
Distinguished Lecture. Nye's husband
and daughter sat in the audience when
the Sarton Medal was presented, and she
thanked them for their many years of
encouragement. Of the award she says:
"I'm thrilled by it, and one of the things
I want to emphasize is that I see it as
1 ",':II,._. of the institutions I've been a
part of, and all the support they've given
me, and my teachers, my colleagues, and
my students. I like to think that they are
receiving some i..,:. .-, i.i.I, as well."
By Michal Meyer
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
Cosmology & Cosmetology
CONTINUED FROM P. 24
Allied with garden design, collections and clas-
sification suited genteel temperaments, and Linnaean
vocabulary, Graeco-Latin cognates, provided convinc-
ing chat. The global task of naming all species seemed
possible and suddenly important.
Plants beautified and scented unplumbed spaces,
and patrons sought out reliable collectors in the colo-
nies. Looking from the top down, they did not view
specimen procurement as the first step of scientific
process. In contrast to showy plants of established tra-
ditions in India and Asia, clients took risks with North
American species, but their triumphs were rigged:
glories of the god of British gardens, stamped on the
medal of the Royal Horticultural Society, were the
results of decades of colonial experimental endeavor.
North American flora and fauna heightened Eng-
lish understanding of natural history, and this gain
required a new scientific force, the workforce, untold
numbers of enslaved Native Americans and Africans.
Patrons closed their eyes, and wonders rather than
organized surveys kept natural history patronage in
good repair. Looking from the bottom up, experienced
collectors maximized the impact of wonders and
timed their returns. Dead or alive, wonders allowed re-
cess for men sipping madeira in big wigs and buckled
shoes. When colonial botanistJohn Bartram shipped
London merchant Peter Collinson an assortment of
turtles, he included a surprise, a large snapping turtle.
Angry in confinement, this creature, awesome at six
stone, earned its name when Collinson opened the
crate. In truth, wonders in England were not marvels
in the colonies. To the contrary, settlers regarded
pouched 'possums, hypnotic rattlesnakes, and attack
turtles as vermination and destroyed them.
For the London elite, Linnaean science, like antique
marbles, tinted plaster casts, andpoufs, was an
imported pastime. Honorific names for species and
genera provided fictive kinship binding participants to
the scientific community and binding the Linnaean
enterprise to real estate, language, and classical arts.
As Bartram realized, disregard for the hard facts of
collecting needed a rude American shake-down of
powder dusting wigs.
In their one falling out, Collinson called Bartram
poufed up, a dreadful insult between two old pen-pals
of Quaker heritage. Bartram's desire fi i...:.._.,in...
had come between the two, patron and collector sepa-
rated by an ocean, imminent revolution, and different
visions of the natural world.
-By / .' M. Porter, Ph.D.
Florida Museum ofNatural History
P 0. Box 11 ,,,
University of Florida
( FL, 32611-7800, USA
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
Calls for Papers
.:,.. ... ... i .. ..... : Forfull descrtions and the
latest announcements, please visit our i. I rg). The Society
does not assume responsibilityfor the accuracy of any item; interestedpersons should
,j all details. Those who wish to publish a future meeting announcement should
send an electronic . ..;. to email@example.com
Joint Atlantic Seminar for the
History of Biology will take place
at the University ot Pennsylvania on
Saturday, 17 March 2007. Graduate
students and recent graduates interested
in the history of the biological and
biomedical sciences are encouraged
to submit abstracts (of no more than
:.I 11 ... I 1,) by e-mail (pdf, rtf, or Word
format) addressed to Joanna Radin
1, ,1._1. , 1"' iii. 1 ...,1 ) and Jessica
Deadline: 29January 2007.
Fourth Augustin Cournot
Doctoral Days (ACDD). 10-12 April
2007. Abstract Deadline 1 February
2007. Further information: http://
cournot.u-strasbg.fr/acdd or e-mail:
Securing the Ultimate Victory -
Exploring the History of Military
Medicine and Health Care. 12-13
April 2007 at the Army Medical Services
Museum Mytchett, Surrey.
CSHPS annual meeting 2007.
The University of Saskatchewan,
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. 28-30 May
2007. Submission deadline: 1 February
British Society for the History
of Science Annual Conference.
University of Manchester, UK. 28June-
1 July 2007. Submission deadline: 4
February 2007. lirp ...1,1 ...
Networking in Science, The
Gender Perspective Conference.
Ermoupolis of Syros, Greece. 6-9 July
2007. Abstract deadline: 28 February
Eighth Biennial History of
Astronomy Workshop. University
of Notre Dame, South Bend, Indiana.
25-29 July, 2007. Deadline for Sessions
and papers: 1 March 2007. Deadline
for posters: 1 May 2007. http://www.
The 11th International Con-
ference on History of Science
and Technology. 20-24 August
2007 Nanning, P. R. China. Abstract
deadline: 31 January 2007.
Sixth Conference on the History
of Chemistry. Leuven, Belgium. 28
August-1 September 2007. Abstract
Deadline: 1 February 2007. http://
Eighth Maritime Heritage
Conference. San Diego, California,
9-12 October 2007. Abstract deadline: 1
June 2007. 1lir I- d l iiiii ,. i ,..
SHOT's 50th Anniversary
Meeting to be held 17-21 October
2007, "..Jtllii,,.ii, DC. Deadline
for abstracts 16 March 2007. www.
Sound in the Era of Mechanical
Reproduction. 2-3 November 2007
at the Hagley Library in Wilmington,
Delaware. Submission deadline: 31
March 2007. For more information
contact Carol Lockman: clockman@
Second International Con-
ference in the History of
Medicine in Southeast Asia.
F,.. I, 'i ,I I -l.- 1 inuary 2008.
I'. ,liiIh t..i il.i11 11 '1 I 1, 2007. For
more information contact shakila@
usm.my or visit: http://www.usmmy/
Workshop The Robert Koch-
Institute Tor Infectious Diseases
and its Role During National
Socialism. To be held 19-20 January
2007 in Berlin. http://www.medizin.fu-
Energy and Culture. To be held 7-
8 February 2007 in Esbjerg, Denmark.
Knowledge that Matters. To be
held 8-10 February 2007, Arizona State
University, Tempe, Arizona.
Historicide and Reiteration:
Innovation in the Sciences,
Humanities and the Arts. 9-10
February 2007, Maastricht University,
the Netherlands. Contact Lies Wesseling
epiSTEME-2. To be held at the Homi
Bhabha Centre for Science Education
(TIFR), Mumbai, India 12-15 February
Gender & Technology Plenary
Session. To be held 14-17 February
2007 atthe HyattRegency, Albuquerque,
Living on the Edge: Human
Desires and Environmental
Realities. To be held 28 February 2007
through 3 March 2007 in New Orleans.
SAHMS 2007. To be held 2-3 March
2007 in Charlottesville, VA. http://www.
Forum on History of Physics. To
be held 5-9 March 2007, Denver CO,
and 14-17 April 2007, Jacksonville FL.
Medicine and Culture: Chinese-
Western Medical Exchange from
the Late Imperial to Modern
Periods. To be held at the University
of San Francisco on Friday, 9 March
Technological Innovation and
the Cold War. To be held 9-10 March
2007 at the Hagley Museum and
Library, Wilmington, Delaware.
Precarious Matters. The History of
Dangerous and Endangered Substances
in the 19th and 20th centuries. To be
held 22-24 March 2007 at the Max-
Planck-Institute for the History of
Perspectives on Mathematical
Practices. To be held 26-28 March
2007, Vrije Universiteit Brussel,
First International ESEMP
Congress. To be held 26-30 March
2007 in Essen, Germany http://www.
Teaching and Learning in
the Maritime Environment:
A Conference on Pedagogy &
Scholarship. To be held 28-30
March 2007 at The California Maritime
The Second Annual British
Society for Literature and
Science conference to be held in
central Birmingham hosted by the
University of Central England, from
29-31 March 2007.
The Business ofRace and Science.
To be held 30-31 March 2007, at
Massachusetts Institute of Technology,
Second Annual History of
Women's Health Conference.
Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia,
PA. 11 April 2007.
Securing the Ultimate Victory
- Exploring the History of
Military Medicine and Health
Care. To be held 12-13 April
2007 at the Army Medical Services
Museum, Mytchett, Surrey Contact:
Authority and Authorities
in Thomas Browne and His
Contemporaries: A Symposium.
Saturday 21st April 2007, University
of Leeds. http://www.bbk.ac.uk/
Rethinking Health, Culture and
Society Physician-Scholars in
the Social Sciences and Medical
Humanities. To be held 21-22 April
2007, University of Chicago. http://
The Other Animals: Situating the
non-Human in Russian Culture
and History. To be held 17-19 May
2007 in Roanoke, VA.
American Association of
Geographers Annual Meeting,
San Francisco, 17-21 April 2007.
The American Association for
the History of Medicine 80th
Annual Meeting to be held in
Montreal, Quebec, 3-6 May 2007. For
further information, contact Philip M.
Teigen ii lii. .n.i "' ili,, -.v.
Knowing Global Environments:
Field Scientists and the Multiple
Scales of Nature. American
Philosophical Society & University of
Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia. 10-12
E.N. Brandt Oral History
Conference. The Chemical Heritage
Foundation, Philadelphia, PA. 16 May,
The North American Society
for Oceanic History and The
National Maritime Historical
Society 2007 Annual Meeting.
17-20 May 2007 at Kings Point, New
York l ir1 ,- .., ,..II .._.
ESEH Conference: Environ-
mental Connections Europe
and the Wider World. Amsterdam,
The Netherlands, 5-8 June 2007. http://
Invitation to the Launch of"Inventing
Europe" for the Third Plenary
Conference of the Tensions of Europe
Network. 7-10 June 2007. Rotterdam,
The Netherlands. lrl1 ..-.....-/
Geographies of Nineteenth-
Century Science: An International
Interdisciplinary Conference. Uni-
versity of Edinburgh, UK, 18-21 June
2007. See lirp .. ...., ...1 1/
History. Meeting of the Agricultural
History Society will be held at Iowa
State University, Ames, 21-23 June
2007. http://agriculturalhistory ndsu.
SICU2: An International Workshop
on Historic Scientific Instrument
Collections in the University. 21-24
June 2007, Oxford, MS. http://www.
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
Cheiron and ESHHS First Joint
Meeting. To be held 25-29June 2007
at University College, Dublin, Ireland.
111lll. I ., .,: ,1,.I 1 ,,.11 ,i : .u. /eshhs/.
Varieties of Cultural History.
University of Aberdeen, 5-8 July 2007.
The 2007 International
Conference on the History of
Cartography will be held 8-13 July
2007 in Berne Switzerland. http://
Society for Philosophy and
Technology 2007 Biennial
Meeting. 9-11 July 2007, Charleston,
Sexual Histories: Bodies and
Desires Uncovered. To be held 23-
25 July 2007, Xfl Centre, University of
Science and Religion Con-
ference. To be held 23-26 July 2007
at the University of Lancaster, U.K.
Biennial Meeting of the
International Society for the
History, Philosophy and Social
Studies of Biology (ISHPSSB).
Exeter, UK, 25-29 Juy 2007. http://
Third International Congress
on Traditional Medicine and
Materia Medica. The event will take
place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 14-
16 August 2007. http://www.h-net.org/
ICOHTEC Symposium 2007. The
International Committee for the
History of Technology will hold
their symposium 14-18 August 2007
in Copenhagen, Denmark. http://www.
Nature Behind Glass: Natural
Science Collections Conference.
To be held 6-8 September 2007
Manchester Museum, England. http://
www. arts. mancheste r. ac. uk/
European Association for the
History of Medicine and Health:
Environment, Health and
History. To be held in London, 12-15
September 2007. http://www. Ishtm.
Les Mots et les Choses au XVIIIe
siecle: La Science. To be held 21-22
September 2007 in Lyon, France.
The Legacy of Ramon y Cajal.
Chestnut Hill College, Philadelphia,
PA, 5-7 October 2007. E-mail Cajal@
Workshop. To be held in Toronto,
15-16 October 2007. Send questions
to Sergio Sismondo at sismondo@
Making Science Global:
Reconsidering the Social and
Intellectual Implications of
the International Polar and
Geophysical Years. Smithsonian
Institution, ': ,liJihr.l..I D.C., October
31 October 1 November 2007.
Bicentenary of the Geological
Society (of London). 12-13
November 2007. r1 .- .... ...
Kinship and Blood, European
Social Science History
Association Conference. Lisbon,
Portugal, 27 February 1 March 2008.
Fifth International Congress of
Maritime History. Greenwich, UK,
23-27June 2008. For more information
Fifteenth International Con-
ference on the Origin of Life.
Florence, Italy, 24-29 August 2008. For
more information visit: http://www.
The list below reflects information provided by Dr. Jonathon Erlen (only dissertation titles
placed in Dissertation Abstracts are included) and others and was current as of 1 July
2006. Please send any missing titles to ii if -1 il1... i . i ,
Audrain, Susan Connor. "Ethics in Technical
Communication: Historical Context for the Human
Radiation Experiments." University of North Texas,
2005, 197 pp. 3196132.
Brower, Matthew Brady. "The Fantasms of
Science: Psychical Research in the French Third
Republic, I -l.i i-1' 5." Rutgers, The State University
of New Jersey-New Brunswick, 2005, 372 pp.
Burba, Juliet Marie. '.:.hi.i,:.: Came the
American Indians?': American iliiI...lu-: and
the Origins Question, 1880-1 '.:. i 1 r. ,,t of
Minnesota, 2006, 294 pp. 3206116.
Colman, John. "Science, Politics, and Poetry:
A Study of Lucretius' 'On the Nature of Things'."
Boston College, 2006, 306 pp. 3194595.
Cooke, Grayson. "Bio/Techno/Logo: ''.:.i ii11: i.1
the Face in the Human/Machine Relation. I .I I:. |. I
University (Canada), 2005, 370 pp. NR09979.
Doyle, Bret J. Lalumia. "The Logic of Descartes'
Scientific Method in the 'Rules', 'Geometry' and
'Optics'." Boston University, 2006, 447 pp. 3202552.
Edwards-Ingram, Ywone. .i..: 1ii,1.: Slavery:
Motherhood, Health Care, and Cultural Practices in
the African Diaspora." The College of William and
Mary, 2005, 269 pp. 3201115.
Fowler, Philip A. "The Longitudinal Treatment
and Structure of Plate Tectonics in Introductory
'nllpto-Level Physical i.,,1.... Textbooks: 1974 -
':i Ball State Univers.r, 111 1, 185 pp. 3194872.
Furlow, Christopher A. "Islam, Science, and
Modernity:FromNorthernmN'i .-n ii.i 1..i i. I 1I.plI I
University of Florida, 2005, 173 pp. : 2' I-.-..
Greenfield, Daniel. "The Land as the Forgotten
Teacher: How a Naturalistic Land Ethic, as
Exemplified in Thoreau, Leopold, and Wilson,
Informs Environmental Education." Kent State
University, 2005, 260 pp. 3203443.
Hoefer, Bernadette. "'I feel, therefore I am':
Psychosomatic Manifestations in Seventeenth-Century
French literature." Rutgers, The State University of
NewJersey-New Brunswick, 2005, 338 pp. 3195689.
Howard, Jeremy Royal. "The Copenhagen
Interpretation of Quantum Physics: An Assessment
of its Fitness for Use in Christian Theology and
l,,.....i.:" The Southern Baptist Theological
Seminary, 2005, 212 pp. 3194782.
Kent, Matthew Alexander. "Prime Matter
According to St. Thomas Aquinas." Fordham
University, 2006, 383 pp. 3201130.
King, Timothy David. "The Constellation System
of the Ancient Maya." Stanford University, 2005, 189
Kirby, Jeremy. "Material i,.- iII.', and
Aristotelian Metaphysics." Florida State University,
2005, 107 pp. 3198231.
Kumar, Prakash. "Facing Competition: The
History of Indigo Experiments in Colonial India,
1897-1920." Georgia Institute of Technology, 2004,
412 pp. 3199295.
Lambert, Kevin Thomas. "Mind Over Matter:
Language, Mathematics, and Electromagnetism
in Nineteenth Century Britain." University of
California-Los Angeles, 2005, 265 pp. 3202806.
McCaul, Edward B. "Rapid Technological
Innovation: The Evolution of the Artillery Fuze During
the American Civil':. II Ohio State University, 2005,
371 pp. 3197775.
Parish, Joseph MacLean. "An Analysis of the
1875-1877 Scarlet Fever Epidemic of Cape Breton
Island, Nova Scotia." University of Missouri-
Columbia, 2004, 240 pp. 3204333.
Pearl, Sharrona Hyla. "As Plain as the Nose
on Your Face: 11i ,...-1i..i, in Nineteenth Century
England." Harvard University, 2005, 387 pp. 3194443.
Rankin, Alisha Michelle. "Medicine for the
Uncommon Woman: Experience, Experiment, and
Exchange in Early Modern i... ii i Harvard
University, 2005, 371 pp. 3194447.
Rivera-Medellin, Gregorio. "An Evolutionary
Learning Community: How 'Artscience' Fmoeres
Through Evolutionary Systems Design." I lit..,,, I
Institute of Integral Studies, 2004, 583 pp. 3192301.
Robinson, Martha K. "'They Decrease in
Numbers Daily': English and Colonial Perceptions
of Indian Disease in Early America." University of
Southern California, 2005, 262 pp. :, I''.-.,
Scharle, Margaret Elizabeth. "The Place of the
Elements in Aristotle's Natural '.. i,..i,.* University
of California-Los Angeles, 2005, .11.'' :.196367.
Shelangoskie, Susan. "Transmitting the Home:
h.,.,i..l ,ipl1 Telegraphy and Victorian Domestic
Narratives." The University of Utah, 2006, 194 pp.
Smith, Jennifer. "Mysticism as an Escape from
Scientific Discourse: Eluding Female Subjectivity in
Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth-Century Spain."
Indiana University, 2006, 269 pp. 3204287.
Von Burg, Ron. "The Cinematic Turn in Public
Discussions of Science." University of Pittsburgh,
2005, 207 pp. 3206843.
Yearl, Mary Katherine Keblinger Hague.
"The Time of Bloodletting." Yale University, 2005,
231 pp. 3194729.
Zajacz, Rita. I...:ji.i..'I.i: ,i Change, Hegemonic
Transition and Communication Policy: State-MNC
Relations in the Wireless Toleoriph Industry, 1896-
1934." Indiana University, -:i,,,, i:.. -pp. 3195577.
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
Sponsor A Scholar: A First-Person Narrative
By Simon Reif-Acherman, (University of Valle, Cali, Colombia)
Sy name is Simon Reif-Acher-
man. Since 1980, I have
worked as a chemical engineer and
professor at the School of Chemical
Engineering at the University of
Valle, in Cali, I li d, ,ii.i Through-
out my career; I have been inter-
ested in how ideas, theories, and
different classes of equations have
evolved. The first book I read in
the history of science ,' i,.. .,
I~. nll .. ', '.fPhysics,
in a Spanish edition, a gift from
my father. Although physics was
not my favorite field of study at the
time, I can say now without any
doubt, that I learned to love physics
by reading books on the history of
physics. But during my education, I
had few opportunities to read about
the history of science.
I studied chemical engineering
in college but our university library,
and maybe all of the libraries in my
country, had almost no materials
on the history of science. Today, the
situation is a little bette; although
far from ideal. From the mid 1980's,
I was aware of the Dover classics in
the history of science and began to
buy my first books in the field from
that company. At the time, I thought this
was one of only a few publishing houses
to publish books on this subject. Itwas
not until the 1990's that I began to learn
about other publishers in the history of
science. What I saw interested me, and I
learned more about scholars
in the history-of-science
world. I began to contact
some of them by mail, and
in this way established some
With the appearance
of the Internet, many more
doors were opened, and
I was able to learn about
the almost infinite (in
proportion to those I knew PHOTO COURTES
before that) resources in the
history of science. One of the first persons
I contacted". I ,l 'I I I- .. .. I r. i.I.. at
that time the editor of Iss. Besides giving
me important recommendations for my
researches, Dr. Rossiter took note of my
personal circumstances and suggested
that I join the History of Science Society's
Sponsor a Scholar Program. From that
time, I began receiving s (a journal
that I had seen referenced many times)
and gained access to the HST database.
I also received the Directory of Members
and the Current . 7.. ./- which
kept me informed about publications.
All these resources have enriched my
research, as well as my academic and
personal knowledge. There is no doubt
that my association with the History of
Science Society has been the
best thing that could hap-
pen to me in carrying out
my historical research.
Currently, our Faculty
of Engineering has no of-
ficial courses devoted to
the history of science.
Although there have been
some detectable changes
among students and faculty
SIMON REIF- ACHERMa regarding the importance
of the history of science
within the curriculum, there still remains
a long way to go. My own historical work
has focused on the content of my courses,
which are related to different theories of
physics, thermodynamics and technol-
ogy during the second part of the 19th
century and the first decades of the 20th
century I examine not only the different
theoretical and experimental develop-
ments, but also the people behind them.
In 2004, I published my first article in the
history of science, entitled "In Apprecia-
Il tdiYA d I il T arIi i i hM ru I) I., h
TV-mai Flo r bl on-1 "ilar_ r Jon."
IhrWrnl l n me ih I Lvun im iic i Ilni ndwuci r ji-1 r rJ iin id3r or !,f Ihe IK I nIr nn I iinal i kti
Fiu& IP III f ih r I k tiri ri-. _r:11 ;ir :, in I.wir Icc. k II iiIi -I I-lWtf o -I 'Ail, h %I ehd in
I1I WIn .I I t~~ I J I', %J i Jwfl ~II iIc I I 1L rI Lm ~I LIii. I C hi Ik V L d I I 'r Jiu: I 1, 4i V Q,
Tkrih Iii r.tF- I I I 11 1 1 -. hI; IIht II I ` i I & mJ L'n 1: L f lo th h iir i I I EIj:uAm 1i[I0., i l J
o Fit1 4- 1 ;P~ ni 0, 1 kuiE -ir .1 11 IJUIH IUA I 141 1 L It ~ I IM aJ -I I .I I I iiP rffl u~i ;rl. ~id oiWjl LL h e
1 Lir.h Ii.r elt. 11 7 U&i rsd pr rm -n n 1 I-. i I i E, I IF1'I'll Ih Ik I C kldr kN. ol h
ILIfi pp .,I ~h.=x : i tL Jr L.td1%i. ii1L n11 1k~ pt~rX ~ id nIC rw0,I: imi t, lk- z d ir bri,1 %UC i ,kr n I r,;
'Aifil Ill "I0[ u I 1 'L L wu 1.1 1 &- O 11 -lh LAild Ii j i l d kU r H.11-11111. I~ VnI uI" tu I 1 I'
lkInfjh.N- 111-4i-n Il Lik0 b Ji I K N 1 11, 1d Lh I J iH k rJ-C I nrn# If N b l 4 Iv m r1I JI dt I i 0t~ I fr i1 t
Ih f trif 4 I j ,:, I i r II m Jnx, -iIIs wprail. Ct% rti~al l PLittI ViniM LILLL ik;, 1%n l
~ iL.JI.U Yl R .Ii.'ul ;t41~k, ii r iiL 'V IleLI ro n [be th a Shiit ii h oTh-f llt I. I 3 llf T Vlhm me-, I nulM t iwhim n
.1" 1 1 1i i,1 ;.5llC 111 Jjp I F lJI lr% J i[ C tV 1 1Y -,c Ioiav, ktll K hv-d sm A
.%..V 11L.11-W) IWIsd l1n'.1o-. A 10no ..I IIILYL. I-Q J *1ud+ 4 J-JjWli fl i `, I i i rllU illje. iJ lilt'i r ijlle ~
.,I.hI itn I: '. F r rcr zcr-1 izronc u. it 1 '(1 11-11 IC..- I2 IiI Ih. H.Ir-IrIL: S C -4 7 IIICCr'-B11. CiWfrr d rnl1dit
IJti1d !hr ~IA1 IirrpZ. Flr ~ft~#~ ilil (L wd~t~MFIn a1P~&fclh~dII -iiiimi ml r=At ir u:I %1 kh, 1i td I U (h
,i ni% I, ai -4Airmiri'll: Ani qil i 1 Ip11,1i1) I mOd9r
tion: Heike Kamerlingh Onnes: Master of
Experimental Technique and Quantita-
tive Research." Itwas published in the
joumalPhysics in Perspective in 2004
and was the result of a long effort- al-
most four years during which time I
had the great fortune to count on not only
the help of scholars in different countries
(The Netherlands, Germany, USA, France,
United Kingdom, Japan, etc.), but also
from many institutions around the world.
I learned the importance of making
contact with the scholarly community.
I have also learned some important
rules about historical research in
general. One of them is the absolute
necessity to search all the available
primary sources, together, with second-
ary sources. However, the need to consult
such sources creates a difficult obstacle
in countries such as mine because it is
almost impossible to find them in our
university or public libraries. Com-
pounding this difficulty is the almost
total lack of economic support for
historical research here.
Although I am only a beginner
in the history of science, my 25 years
of experience in teaching chemical
engineering have convinced me of the
need and the usefulness to join history
and chemistry to help students learn.
Currently, I am in a sabbatical year so
that I can write a textbook for beginners
in chemical engineering. The textbook
will cover the subjects of traditional
textbooks but with three main focuses: to
be as strong as possible in demonstrating
through everyday examples chemical
and physical concepts, to emphasize
the most appropriate equations that
represent these concepts, and to show the
historical evolution of those concepts,
with an emphasis throughout on the
general historical and social contexts of
the concepts and how ideas have evolved
over time. I am not sure that I will be
able to do it, although I will try As far
as I know, few textbooks in chemical
engineering include historical informa-
tion. My intent is that the historical
information will increase my students'
motivation, and, perhaps, help them
learn to love the history of science as
much as I do.
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
The HSS Bibliographer's Fund
The production of the 2006 Isis Current Bibliography has been made possible in part through income provided by the HSS
Bibliographer s Fund, created late in 2003 b a $125, 000 Challenge Grant to the History of Science , .', !,from the National
Endowment or the Humanities. When fully funded, this endowment will pay most of the Society 's expensesfor the Bibliography
each year. The full amount of the NEH (A 11,, ,. Grant will not be paid unless the ,. ., matches it on a four-to-one basis
by the end ofjuly 2008. To date, approximately $150, 000 has been donated to the Bibliographer s Fund in response to the
NEH's challenge. Contributors to this fund, through the end of November 2006, are listed here. It is an honor and pleasure
to recognize and record here their most welcome generosity.
& ane Maienschein*
Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation
Michele L. Aldrich
irginia P. Dawson+
Douglas Allchin I
Clar A. Elliott+ S
Judith & David Goodstein J
Hanne Andersen I
\ l tl l .... 'I ll.. 1 i H F
Peder Anker I
AdamJ Apt A
Jean-FI i '.r.. -r R
ose A. Bach A
Peter Barker F
D1onald deB. Beaver
Jean Beetschen J
John Blackmore A
Ann Blair 1
Muriel Blaisdell K
JamesJ. Bono F
,Ir. Prlli., ,P.,.wden E
Y. ilh l I.I J;
Janet Browne P
Stephen G. Brush* N
oe D. Burchfield
Ronald( il- ,h,.,.,
Toni V Carey
David i ii.1. A
Peggy Champlin S
David Channell+ E
Terry Christensen F
H. Floris Cohen (
N.G. Coley E
In honorof -
in honor ofJohn Neu
Sarton Circle ($2,500 and Above)
The Furumoto Research Foundation John A. Neu
Charles C. Gillispie* '.l II,- ,.. Osler*
In Honor and memory of11 1,ii 1 i lI.. Lisbet Rausin Trust
John C. Greene* River Branch Foundation
Council of Friends of the Society ($1,000 $ 2,499)
Frederick i.,..-i .1
Frances Coulborn Kohler
Robert E. Kohler
Sally Gregory Kohlstedt*
Richard Kremer & Jane Carroll
MaryJo & Robert Nye*
John A. Popplestone
Sustaining Members ($500 $999)
,i Iitl, II, Coopersmith
n,eh N H Creager
oseph W Dauben
'eter R. Dear
llen G. Debus
udith &Jonathon Erlen
Raymond E. Fancher
bm & Uma Ferrell
obert Marc Friedman
anet Bell Garber
Mary Louise Gleason*
ara S. Gronim
& Michael Osbome~
Ronald L. & Karen S. Numbers Alan Rocke
EJamil Edward G. Ruestow
& Sally Palchick Ragep Michael Shank
Contributors (Up to $499)
Katherine Haramundanis Donna Mehos
n M. Harkness Everett I. Mendelsohn
oseph E. Harmon ',1 II-: 1i1. 0. Meredith
oohn L. Heilbron Michal Meyer
Kenneth Hellyar Ronald E. Mickens
Pamela Henson Joseph A. Moyzis
avier Herrero Fernandez NancyJ. Nersessian
Bruce Hevly Sheila Coune Nicklas
Erwin Hiebert* Jeremy Norman
Anne Hiskes n Nhat
David A. Hollinger Brian W Ogilvie
Roderick Home Marilyn Ogilvie
Karl & Sally Hufbauer Naomi Oreskes
BruceJ. Hunt Leonello Paoloni
MargaretJacob Katherine Pandora
DerekJensen John Parascandola
,I adi", .. j .... Karen Parshall
David Joravsky Diane B. Paul
David Kaiser PhilipJ. Pauly
VictorJ. Katz Sharrona Pearl
Peggy Kidwell James A. Pittman
Wilam Kimler Theodore Porter
Sachiko Kusukawa John K. Pribram
I. l. .N ...I1 ,,I.. Mary Quinlan-McGrath
Jack Lesch SheilaRabin
Bruce V Lewenstein Karen Rader
Albert C. Lewis Nicolas Rasmussen
David Lindberg* Sylwester Ratowt
Steven Livesey Karen & James Reeds
Pamela Long Barbara Reeves
William & Marie Longton Joan L. Richards
Phillip Loring Robert J. Richards
Kenneth M. Ludmerer Robin E. Rider
Elizabeth Lunbeck Michael Robinson
Pamela E. Mack* George Rosenstein
Robert I 11, I .. Marc Rothenberg*
Michael Massouh+ James Ruffner
James E. McClellan III Andrea Rusnock
Stephen C. McCluskey & Paul Lucier
Sylvia McGrath H. Darrel Rutkin
Laurence S. Rockefeller Fund
M. Virginia & ohn W Servos*
Charlene & Michael M. Sokal*+
Heinrich & Eve von Staden
Arnold W Thackray*
Thomas R. Williams
Joella & William Yoder
Nancy G. Siraisi
Laurence D. Smith
Morton L. Schagrin
ames A. Secord
ole R. Shackelford
Aan E. Shapiro
Pamela H. Smith
Darwin H. Stapleton
Peter E Stevens
James E. '.ni.l
Edith D. .,II
Kenneth L. Taylor
A. Bowdoin Van Rier
Sharon'. ..- iii -Lahman
Jessica '. Ii.-r
Joan' n in -[.1.. .. ri
Marjorie K. Webster
Karin E. Wetmore
L. Pearce &
Sylvial v.ill 111i,
Roger L. \', II1 11h .
Thomas 1ll 11 ii
I ~ l.I.., Yamada
Please send corrections to firstname.lastname@example.org
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
Call for Papers
Arlington, Virginia, USA
1-4 November 2007
The History of Science Society will hold its
2007 Annual Meeting in Arlington, Virginia, across
the Potomac River from '.:,iirl...i, D.C., from
Thursday, 1 November through Sunday, 4 November
2007. Proposals for sessions and contributed papers
must be submitted by 2 April 2007. Note that the
deadline for the submission of paper proposals that
are part of a session is 9 April 2007. Proposals
submitted after these dates will not be accepted.
HSS members are asked to circulate this
announcement to colleagues who may be interested
in presenting a paper at the Annual Meeting
(membership in HSS is not required, but all
participants must register for the conference).
Submissions on all topics are requested. Proposals
must be submitted via the HSS Web site (http/ww~.
hssonline.org) or on the annual meeting proposal
forms that are available from the HSS Executive
Office (see contact information, below). Only one
proposal per person may be submitted. In
order to ensure broad involvement, an individual
may appear only once on the program, and prior
participation at the 2005 or 2006 meetings will be
taken into consideration. Quality of the proposals,
however; is paramount.
Abstracts should be no longer than 250 words;
those fewer than 100 words will not receive serious
consideration. Preference will be given to session
proposals that include: a mix of men and women;
diversity of institutional affiliations; and/or a balance
ofprofessionalranks i'. .- m,,,i i .M. I i 1.i.1 i. ,,11,
junior scholars and graduate students). Individuals
who are interested in chairing a session in lieu of
presenting a paper are encouraged to submit this
information on the submission form. Individuals are
also asked to identify any special audio-visual needs.
[.,.f.,,I. ,,.,il,,,,,,.- I 1I. ."" 1 i recommended
that individuals read the "Guidelines for Selecting
Papers and Sessions" prepared by the Committee on
Meetings and Programs on this page (also available
on the HSS Web site: brr1 i..I,,ii, .....I These
guidelines will be used in i 11.r1.11- session and
paper proposals. The 2007 program co-chairs are
MarshaRichmond i i. ,ii'.. ,i i,,r i" andAnita
Guerrini (University of California, Santa Barbara).
For additional information concerning the 2007
meeting, contact the HSS Executive Office: info@
hssonline.org, PO. Box 117360, University of Florida,
Gainesville, FL 32611-7360; phone: 352-392-1677;
r Arlington, VA
History of Science Society
Committee on Meetings and Programs
Guidelines for Evaluating Proposals
1. In .. ,1., iim.-i individual proposals for possible
inclusion in general sessions created by the Program
Chairs of "contributed papers":
(a) The principal criterion will be the quality of the
(b) A second factor of substantial weight will be the
need to bring balance to the program.
(c) No person, but for the most exceptional cir-
cumstances (to be cleared with the chair of CoMP),
may appear on the program twice (as presenter of a
paper, commentator, discussant, or chair). A person
may, however, serve more than one function in a
single session e.g., as chair and presenter or com-
mentator or discussant or as a presenter in a panel.
Also, a person is exempt from the stricture against
duplication if he or she serves only as an organizer
of another session or a presenter in a special gather-
ing such as a workshop or plenary session.
(d) Priority will be given to people who did not ap-
pear on the two previous years' programs.
(Note: The Program Chairs will reserve a block of
sessions for "contributed papers," primarily, but not
solely, by graduate students. Graduate students are
also encouraged to apply as participants in regular
2. In .. i,1., iiii,. sessions that organizers submit as
wholes and whose proposals support unified themes:
(a) The principal criterion will be the importance of
the topic and the perceived quality of the proposals and
their integration into a meaningful and useful session.
(b) Another criterion will be the need for balance in
the subjects covered on the program.
(c) Another factor will be sponsorship by an official
HSS interest group or committee (one session only).
(d) An additional factor will be involvement of par-
ticipants representing diversity of institutional affili-
(e) Priority will be given to people who did not ap-
pear on the previous year's program.
(Note: For inclusion on the official program, the
following activities require regular applications as
* public forums or speakers sponsored by HSS inter-
est groups and committees
* honorific sessions sponsored by members' col-
* commemorations of historic events
* plenary sessions
* other special gatherings
Program Chairs will judge these submissions along
with other sessions on their merits. (Of course, of-
ficial HSS interest groups and committees remain
welcome to mount special programs in the time-
slots normally allocated for their business meet-
ings. ...ii il Il HSS members remain welcome to
organize private activities independent of the of-
3. In i11., iii r..- ...illJ.- field trips, or site visits:
(a) The principal criterion will be the activity's rel-
evance to the society's collective goals.
(b) A related issue will be the activity's 1._.ii.: 11
(c) Another factor of importance will be the need to
bring balance to the program.
(d) A final aspect will be sponsorship by an official
HSS interest group or committee, including the local
(Note: The program chairs will reserve periods dur-
ing Thursday afternoon and Friday evening for work-
shops, field trips, site visits, and related activities.)
Audio Visual Needs: Those who propose a paper are
asked to identify their a/v needs. Due to the high
number of requests for LCD projectors and their
limited r ,, iil.ihr preference will be given to those
who make their request first and who demonstrate
a significant need for a visual component in their
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
WASHINGTON, DC PIrrBUGH PA
(1-4 Nov. 2007) IsBUR PHOENIX AZ
(Joint Meeting with PSA, 6-9 PHOENIX, AZ
Nov. 2008) (Mid-November 2009)
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
IN \ I
The History of Science Society would like to thank the
following volunteers whose term of service ends this
year. Without their thousands of hours of intellectual
labor, the Society could not possibly function.
Treasurer Joseph H. Hazen Education Prize
Marc Rothenberg (1997-2006) Committee
Barbara Becker (2003-2006, chair 05-06)
Peter Dear, David Hollinger, Bruce Hunt, Committee on Meetings and
Naomi Oreskes, Andrea Rusnock Programs
Liba Taub & John Krige (co-chairs
Committee on Education 2004-2006)
David Rhees i(3, N-2006, chair 05-06)
Committee on Honors and Prizes
Steven Livesey (2111 3-2006)
Derek Price/Rod Webster Award
Karen Reeds ( 111 3-2006, chair, 05-06)
Nathan Reingold Prize Committee
Ann La Berge (23) 13-2006, chair 05-06)
Margaret W. Rossiter History of
Women in Science Prize Committee
Elizabeth Lunbeck (211 3-2006, chair
i ',-i 11 ,
PhlZer .\ ard
1' li Ii I.1il \\.lInler (2 31 -2006, chair
\ tLson IaiL is and Helen Miles
I)at is PIize Committee
I'l:,I i.I.i il. 11 1 003-2006, Chair 05-06)
Nominating Committee (2005-
Pam Mack (chair), Bruce Hunt, Robert
E. Kohler, Diane Paul, Lawrence Principe
Committee on Publications
Bruce Hunt (:I 11-2 11 u, chair 05-06)
Committee on Research and the
Michael Osborne (i211 -21" 11, chair
Committee on Finances
Ken Ludmerer (2003-2006)
Pamela Mack (1997-2006)
Darwin Stapleton (i211 -2111 i)
Adam Apt (1997-2006)
American Council of Learned
Arnold Thackray (1999-2006)
Women's Caucus Co-Chair
Elizabeth Green Musselman (2004-2006)
HISTORY OF SCIENCE SOCIETY NEWSLETTER JANUARY 2007
Isis Books Received
Prior to the publication of each Newsletter, the HSS Executive Office receives from
the Isis Editorial Office a list of books received by that office for potential review.
This list appears here quarterly; it is not compiled from the annual Current
. 7..r'. , 0.r. You may also view this list and prior lists online at http://www.
Allen, Paul L. Ernan McMullin and
Critical Realism in the ...
(Ashgate New Critical Thinking in
i 1,. 1 and Biblical Studies). Xi +
201 pp., bibl., index, : .,,I,.I VT Ashgate,
2006. **. (cloth). 9780754652830
Andersen, Hanne; Baker, Peter; Chen,
Xiang. The .. Structure of
Revolutions. xv + 199 pp. Figs, ref, index.
I ,,,i.. 1 .. Cambridge University Press, 2006.
$70 CAN (cloth). 0521855756.
Anderson, Warwick. C-. .- .
American Tropical Medicine, Race, and
S thePhilppines ix + 355pp., figs.,
bibl., index. Durham: Duke University Press,
2006. $84.95 (cloth). 0822338041.
Bala, Arun. The
the Birth of Modern Science. xii + 230 pp.,
bibl., indexes. New York: i1 .- .- MacMillan,
2006. $65.95 (cloth). 1-4039-7468-3
Barras, Vincent (Editor in Chief). Gesnerus,
Swiss .- .* .* r cof Medicine and
Sciences: Theme Issue: Melancholy and
Material I 'Man, 17th 18th Centuries.
(Volume 63, Number 1/2.) (Swiss Journal of
the History of Medicine and Sciences.) 176 pp.
bibls. Basel: Schwabe & Co AG ,i ... Basel,
2006. Euro 47.50 (paper). 0016 9161.
Battista Amid, Giovanni. Edizione Nazion
ale delle Opere e della Corripsndenza di
Giovanni Battista Amidc National Edition of
the Works and Correpondence of Giovanni
Battista Amici. Edited by Alberto Meschiari. 2
Volumes. 1085pp. : II I.I- .. I. Napoli:
Bibliopolis, 2006. Euro 25 (cloth). 88 7088-521-6.
lhlillahal.'i,. lallio', i ariola:
The Control and Eradication of Smallpox
in India, 19471977. (New Perspectives in
South Asian History) xv + 327 pp. figs., table,
,,1 1 ,, I Ih. ,, ,,l l ,, , ,d I
Rs. 750 (cloth). 81 250 3018 2.
Blackwell, Richard J. Behind the Scenes
at Galileo s Trial: the First ,
Translation ofMelchior Inchofers Tractatus
xiii + 245 pp. index., Notre Dame,
IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2006. $35
Blanc, Paul D. How Everyday Products
Make People Sick: Toxins at Home and in the
Workplace x + 374 pp., figs., index. Berkeley:
University of California Press, 2007. $19.95
Blank, Paula. Shakespeare and the
Mismeasure of Renaissance Man. 214 pp.,
bible index. Ithaca: Cornell University Press,
2006. $39.95 (cloth), 9780801444753.
Blesser, Barry; Salter, Linda-
Ruth. Spaces Speak, Are You Listening?:
, . I I + 437pp.
figs., bibl., index. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press,
2007. $39.95 (cloth). 0-262-02605-8
Boniolo, Giovanni; De Anna, Gabriele
SEdited by Michael Ruse. i ....i. ...
Studied in Philosophy ,,, i I 1 ix + 207 pp.,
index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press,
2006. $75 (cloth) 0-521-85629 9.
Breidbach, Olaf Goethes Metamor
phosenlehre. 334 pp. figs., bibl., indexes.
Paderbom: Wilhelm Fink .i ,. 2006. Euro
S...... PP' 3770541979.
Bribiescas, Richard G. I
and ; .. 306 pp., figs., bibl., index.
Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2006.
$28.95 (cloth). 067402293-9
Brock, Adrian C. (Editor). Intern-
. .. vii+260
pp., fig., index. New York: New York University
Press, 2006. $50 (cloth). 0-8147-9944-2.
Broks, Peter. Popular
Science. Foreword by Stuart Allen. (Issues in
Cultural and Media Studies). x + 183 pp., bibl.,
index. New York: Open University Press, 2006.
Euro 17.99 (paper). 0 335 21548 3.
Brown, Neville. Engaging the Cosmos:
Astronomy, 1 - ; I and Faith. x + 367
pp., index. Brighton: Sussex Academic Press,
2006. $32.50 (paper). 1-903900-67-0.
Buescher, John Benedict. TheRemarkable
of John Murray Spear: I .. -for the
Spirit Land x + 368 pp. index. Notre Dame,
IN: University of Notre Dame, 2006. $30
Byers, Nina; Williams, Gary (Editors) Out
of the Shadows: Contributions of Twentieth
Century Women to ; Foreword by
... .. I Dyson. xxv+471pp., figs., indexes.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
$35 (cloth). 0-521-82197-5
can der Vleuten, Erik; Kaijser, Arne
(Editors). Networking Europe: Transnat
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Caiiizares-Esguerra, Jorge. Puritan
Conquistadors: Iberianizing the Atlantic,
1550 1700. xiv + 327 pp. figs., bibl., index.
Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2006.
$24.95 (paper). 9780804742801.
Caiiizares-Esguerra, Jorge. Nature,
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Cantor, Geoffrey; Swetlitz, Marc
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1940. xvii + 401 pp., tables, notes, index.
Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006.
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2006. i I r t', 229601061x.
Conway, Erik M. Blind Low
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1918 1958. xiv + 218 pp., illus., notes, index.
Baltim ore: TiL. I 1.. ii 11i 1,, i i i.i.. Press,
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Curth, Louise Hill (Editor). From *'
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S ... ,.i ,. VT Ashgate, 2006. ..... (cloth).
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1752). Edited by Michelle Chapront-Touze
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Press, 2005. $25 (paper). 0231130392.
Dear, Peter. The -r of Nature.
How Science Makes Sense World xii +
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Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press,
2006. $29.95 (cloth). 0674022998.
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Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006.
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Berkeley/Los Angeles: University of California
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2006. 24.95 (cloth). 0691125902.
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Edelman, Gerald M. SecondNature: Brain
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Einstein, Albert. The Collected Papers of
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Supplementary Correpondence, 1909 1920.
Edited by Dian Kormos Buchwald; Tilman
Sauer; Ze'ev Rosenkranz; Josef Illy; ....
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+ 683 pp., illus., figs., bibl., apps., indexes.
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.
$110 (cloth); $45 (paper). 069112826x.
Eisenstaedt, Jean. The Curious .. r- of
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Princeton: Princeton University Press,
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French, Steven; Krause, Decio.
I in .I A Historical,
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France, 2006. Euro 24 (paper). 2130552692.
Gall, Y.M.; Kolchinsky, E.I. (Editors);
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3.) 270 pp., figs., tables, bibl. St. 1 ...
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L'ternel Retour de Edited
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Trento: Editrice 1 ... i 1 i i .I. i i, di Trento,
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Giere, Ronald N Perspectivism.
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$35 (paper). 9781597261067.
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Greenberg, Arthur. From i ,. i- to
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Gribbin, John. The Origins of the Future:
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Seebacher, Felicitas. "Freiheit der
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Network, andthe .' Utopianism.
x + 327 pp., figs., bibl., index, i... 1. The
University of 1... .. Press, 2006. $29 (cloth).
Turner, J. Scott. The Tinkerers Accomplice:
How Design Emerges from .' 282 pp.,
figs., bibls., index. Cambridge, MA Harvard Uni
versity Press, 2007. $27.95 (cloth). 0-674-02353-6.
Uglow, Jenny. Natures Engravers: A
of Thomas Bewick. xix + 458 pp., figs, illus.,
index. London: Farber and Faber, 2006. 20
Van Slyck, Abigail A. A Manufactured
ofAmerican Youth, 1890 1960. (Architecture,
Landscape, and American Culture Series.) xvii
+ ."* ,i rr I. app., bible index. Minneapolis:
University of Minnesota Press, 2006. $34.95
Vermeij, Geerat J. Nature: An Economic
.. I xiii + 445 pp., bible index. Princeton,
NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004. $19.95
Vlahkis, George N.; Malquias, Isabel
Maria; Brooks, Nathan M.; Regourd,
Francois; Gunergun, Feza; David
Wright. Imperialism and Science: Social
Impact and Interaction. Edited by Mark A
Largent. (Science and Society) xii + 384 pp.,
illus., figs., bibl., index. Santa Barbara: ABC
CLIO, 2006. $75 (cloth).1851096736.
Wagner, Marsden. Born in the USA. How
a Broken i System Must be Fixed to
Put Women and Children First, ix + 295 pp.,
notes, index. Berkeley: University of California
Press, 2006. $24.95 (cloth). 9780520245969.
Wailoo, Keith; Livingston, Julie; Guar-
nacia, Peter (Editors). A Death Retold
Jesica Santillan, the Transplant,
and Paradoxes of Medical Citizenship. 378
pp., figs., index. Chapel Hill: University of North
Carolina Press, 2006. $55 (cloth); $21.50 (paper).
Weeks,John M.; Hill,Jane A. (Editors).
The Carnegie Maya: The Carnegie
Institution of I Maya Research
Pl...-' ., 1913-1957. CD-ROM. Boulder:
University Press of Colorado, 2006. $200
Westwick, Peter J. Into the Black JPL and
the American pace F?.. I. .,, 1976-2004. xviii
+35-. ,ll I, I . .. NewHaven, CT Yale
University Press, 2006. $40 (cloth). 0300110758
Williams Jr., Vernon J. he Social Sciences
and Theories of Race. ix + 151 pp., index.
Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006. $20
Wollgast, Siegfried (Editor).
berichte der Leibniz Soziett 133 pp., Berlin:
Leibniz-Sozietat E. V, 2006. Euro 16.80 (paper).
Wolpert, Lewis. Six Impossible -
.. The r Origins
o .. xii + 243 pp. index. New York: WW
Norton & Company, 2007. 14.99 (paper).
Matthew Darly (active c. 1756-1780).
hI/ I lolleri fardlen, 1777
T he themedpouf made famous by Marie
Antoinette, debuted in 1774 as a personalized r
headdress, a cosmetic collection space not unlike
a cabinet of curiosities. Adorned with vines and
giant sausage curls in a 1777 cartoon drawn by
Matthew Darly, the powderedpouf shown here
holds a lady's English flower garden, complete
with hired gardener, hedges, and garden house, a .
faux classical temple. Defying Newtonian physics,
rivalpoufs required props, concealed cotton pads
and wire apparatus, even liveried pages with poles. ,II.
Eighteenth-century English natural history
was top-heavy: participants included more patrons l h
than collectors, and shortages of manpower Ii ,,-.u, I ,t I -
caused costly delays. At the same time, estate
gardens provided competitive recreation for an .lh.ll I ,II 1 i ,,,I h111 '
"upper crust" game to acquire and maintain new I ,~1" 11 111 Ill
species. In a trend eventually called the American t,,: ,,t ,I I,, tI l, I 111. :
Garden, patrons procured North American plants, I I III. l hIIII* .1 *
turtles, and frogs to enhance promenades and symbol ...... 1 ,,,,,,,, ,11.. II,, '
Garden parties and soirees allowed hosts and guests to, ,,-,,-1.1 11
continental plant experts such as John Frederick Gron., ,,.' i,,,I I,,, I ..
Solander, students of Karl von Linne' of Sweden.
Garden fashion received additional scientific bolster ., ,,,,,,, ( ho' I 13 .
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