Report for 2003
Technical Paper 135
This technical paper was supported by the National Sea Grant College Program of
the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,
under Grant No. NA16RG-2195.
For additional copies or information:
Florida Sea Grant College Program
University of Florida
PO Box 110400
Gainesville, FL 32611-0400
Rich Novak, Charlotte County's Florida Sea Grant marine extension agent, died
unexpectedly on January 21, 2004, while working on a research vessel out of Morehead City,
Novak, 56, joined Florida Sea Grant in 1997, after working as a Sea Grant agent in North
Carolina. His outreach programs in Charlotte County focused on the development of artificial
reef habitat, and increasing survival of catch-and-release marine fish. He was an avid sport
fisherman, hunter, and diver, and organized frequent underwater clean-up dives in the Charlotte
County area. Rich was an integral part of the team of Florida Sea Grant faculty and made major
contributions to Florida Sea Grant's and Charlotte County's fisheries and fisheries habitat
programs. He died just as this implementation plan was being completed. To share his
involvement, and as a professional tribute, we have left his planned activities listed in this
document. While others will come behind Rich, and assist in completing the work he had
planned, his influence and impact on the work of all of us and those who benefit from the work,
will not be forgotten.
Novak held a bachelor's degree in parks and recreational administration from Western
Illinois University, and a master's in forest and range management from Washington State
University. He had completed doctoral work in continuing and adult vocational education at the
University of Wisconsin. He was a native of Illinois.
Rich Novak will be missed by the entire Florida Sea Grant College Program family. He
was a loved and appreciated colleague, and he was a friend.
Gustavo (Gus) Antonini, Florida Sea Grant professor emeritus, University of Florida, died
February 7, 2004, in a hit-and-run bicycle accident near High Springs, Florida, while participating
in a 190 mile bike trip to Georgia.
Antonini was the creator and motivator in Florida Sea Grant's nationally recognized
Urban Boating and Waterways Management Program. In 2003, the program was named the top
outreach effort among the nation's 30 Sea Grant programs by Sea Grant Extension leaders across
the nation. In 2000, the program earned a Sustainable Florida leadership award representing a
best management practice for sustainable development in Florida.
Antonini had recently retired after 30 years with the University but remained active in Sea
Grant's waterways management program. He helped form a multi-disciplinary team of
geographers, biologists, legal experts, planners and Sea Grant extension faculty that had been
working since 1986 to improve recreational boaters' access while reducing the detrimental
impacts of boating on the marine environment.
Antonini earned an undergraduate degree in geography and geology from Columbia
University in 1961; a master's degree in geography and coastal geomorphology from Columbia in
1962; and a doctorate in geography with an emphasis in Latin America from Columbia in 1968.
He was the author of numerous boating publications, including two in a series of
historical perspectives of boating and waterway development in the southwest Florida area, "A
Historical Geography of Southwest Florida Waterways," Volume I and Volume II. He was
working on the third installment in the series at the time of his death. He had envisioned writing
more. In addition to being an expert boater, Antonini had in recent years become a passionate
cyclist. He had completed the Camino de Santiago, a cross-country ride in Spain, during the
summer of 2002, and chronicled his trip through photos and journal entries.
Gus Antonini will be missed by the entire Florida Sea Grant College Program family. He
was a loved and appreciated colleague, and he was a friend.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2. Program Accomplishments and Benefits
3. Program Funding From All Sources
4. Institutions Involved
5. Projects Funded
8. Program Awards
9. Outreach Activities
10. Self Evaluation
11. Advisory Process
The Florida Sea Grant College Program is committed to enhancing the practical use and conservation of
coastal and marine resources for a sustainable economy and environment in a state whose coastline stretches for
over 1,300 miles. 2003 represents the 33rd year for Sea Grant in Florida. The program operates through a
statewide, research, education and extension partnership of state and federal agencies, businesses and citizens. All
eleven public universities, three private universities, and two private non-profit research laboratories constitute
this virtual college without walls. The University of Florida serves as the host campus. Florida Sea Grant is one of
31 Sea Grant programs nationwide that together form the National Sea Grant College Program as authorized by
federal legislation. It is the only university-based, statewide coastal research, education, extension/outreach and
communications program in Florida.
This annual progress report for 2003 is the sixth annual progress report submitted by Florida Sea Grant
under the program evaluation procedures adopted during 1998 by the National Sea Grant College Program. This
report covers the year 2003, but some historical data are included to provide baseline information for subsequent
annual progress reports.
Florida Sea Grant had 11 different NOAA grants in effect during 2003. This annual report covers work
completed and ongoing under all 11 grants.
Florida Sea Grant awards from NOAA activities during calendar year 2003.
Number Keyword Identifier Start Date Current End Date
NA76RG-0120 Omnibus Research, Extension, 02/01/97 09/30/03
NA16RG-1398 30th Meeting of Aquaculture 09/01/01 08/31/03
NA16RG-1720 Aquatic Nuisance 10/01/01 09/30/03
NA16RG-2195 Omnibus Research, Extension, 02/01/02 01/31/06
NA16RG-2198 Oyster Decontamination 03/01/02 02/28/04
NA16RG-2258 Coastal Storms Project #8 03/01/02 11/30/04
NA16OC-2649 Coastal Data Server System 09/01/02 08/31/04
NA17RG-2992 South Florida Marine Ecosystem 09/01/02 01/31/05
NA16RG-2225 Knauss Fellow E/ST-27 02/01/02 01/31/03
NA03OAR-4170035 Knauss Fellow E/ST-28 02/01/03 01/31/04
NA17FD-2367 Gulf of Mexico 04/01/03 11/30/04
Every Florida Sea Grant activity and accomplishment reported on in this progress report satisfied three
simple but tough criteria: 1) it was based on a strong rationale; 2) it demonstrated scientific or educational merit;
and 3) it produced results that are clearly useful and applicable in industry, management or science. A number of
core values allow Florida Sea Grant to deliver results based on these criteria: 1) Excellence; Research was funded
on a competitive basis, with scientific merit as the most important criterion. Extension programs were based on
reviewed faculty plans of work. Communications efforts use the latest technology to achieve maximum output,
visibility and citizen receipt of our science-based information; 2) Participation; High value was placed on the
involvement of a large number of participating institutions in research, education and extension programs.
Graduate student involvement was high and a diverse male and female faculty was involved, from assistant to full
professors; 3) Accountability; Both external and internal processes were used to measure a wide range of
achievements. These included tracking the scientific publication output of faculty and students, understanding the
contribution to society of scientific discovery, measuring the way citizens receiving educational programs
changed their behavior, and determining the economic impact or level of new business activity resulting from a
research project; 4) Connection with Users; A strong advisory process was used to define research priorities, to
plan extension programs, and to measure the impact of programs. It was also used to build public and private
support for Florida Sea Grant; 5) Partnerships; Faculty, students, and citizens all benefited from functioning in a
partnership mode. Scientific results and education projects reached greater success levels and were implemented
when partners, from agencies to businesses, provided financial support to an activity.
The 2003 annual progress report in the context of Florida Sea Grant's four-year cycle strategic plan,
implementation plan and annual work plan.
2002 2003 2004 2005
< Four-Year Strategic Plan
< Two-Year Implementation Plan -- > Two-Year Implementation Plan -
<- Annual Work -> <- Annual Work -> Annual Work _> Annual Work -
Plan Plan Plan Plan
Report of Report of Report of
Prior Year (2001) Prior Year (2002) Prior (2004)
A summary of 2003 Florida Sea Grant accomplishments and highlights follows, with details for 2003 in the
remaining ten sections of this progress report.
1 Representation of this document on the timeline.
Summary of Highlights for 2003
A total of 11 NOAA grants were active during 2003. This covered 59 individual projects.
2.0 Accomplishments and Benefits
Florida Sea Grant documents its accomplishments and benefits each year for research projects ending
during that year and for extension and communication results achieved during the year. The following are
examples for each of FSGs 10 goal areas. The complete list of accomplishments and benefits is in Section 2.0.
Goal 1: Marine Biotechnology
At least four genes have been identified that may be regulated in pancreatic cancer cells treated with
lasonolide. This may have important implications for cancer treatment and will help understand the
genetic basis for the production of marine natural products.
A "corporate report" on Florida Sea Grant contributions to marine biotechnology is underway.
A statewide, virtual academic department of about 75 individuals for marine biotechnology continues
to function and thrive.
Goal 2: Fisheries
Shelf-edge habitat mapping in deep water habitats combined quantitative estimates offish density and
spatial habitat features for grouper in the Gulf of Mexico. Gag and scamp grouper were documented
as more abundant inside protected areas than outside protected areas when habitat was similar.
A model on marine ornamental species was developed that incorporated the conflicting effects of
density dependent settlement and survival on reef fish dynamics and the influence of harvesting.
Some collectors with live-rock lease sites now view these sites potentially more valuable for
ornamental aquarium species production than for live-rock production.
Over 100 attendees including 50 local lobster fishermen attended a Florida Keys spiny lobster
workshop. Nine scientific presentations were made followed by a panel discussion on future research
needs. Seventy-three percent of the attendees said they learned information useful to their fishing
business. A dialogue was developed among the fishermen, scientists and managers.
Sixteen scoping workshops for 200 blue crab fishermen were held. The opinions and concerns of the
fishermen will be used by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission in developing a
management plan for blue crabs in Florida.
Florida Sea Grant fisheries Extension faculty continue to serve on the scientific committees of the
Gulf of Mexico and South Atlantic Fishery Management Councils. Direct input was provided relating
to management plans for reef fish, coastal pelagics, snapper and grouper.
About 3,000 recreational anglers were taught proper fish venting techniques, catch and release
practices and proper hook utilization to increase undersized released fish survival. One survey of 77
anglers indicated that 66% of them were using the techniques three months later.
Goal 3: Aquaculture
It was determined that typical spawning techniques used in clam hatcheries will also produce blood
ark and ponderous ark clam seeds with minimal operational changes in early hatchery stages. This
may provide species alternatives for clam growers.
Digital high-speed videography was used to determine the feeding performance of hatchery reared
marine fish larvae. Based on this research, pilot studies are being conducted at a commercial hatchery
to determine the feasibility of commercial application of the technology.
* The 14th International Scallop Biology and Culture Workshop was held in St. Petersburg, Florida, and
attended by 122 participants from 21 countries.
* Clam growers were taught how to use Sea Grant developed CLAM software for record-keeping and
management decisions. Eight workshops enabled 42 clam growers (91% of the statewide total) to
refine their business and recordkeeping practices.
* CLAMMRS water quality monitoring stations are located in seven "Big Bend" counties. Over 25% of
the active growers in these counties reviewed the "real-time" continuous water quality data posted to
a web site. "Farmer-friendly" graphs were used by growers in comparing annual clam production and
documenting crop insurance claims.
Goal 4: Seafood
* Three guides for processing of seafood in retail operations were completed. The guides include
advice, illustrations and recording forms that can be used in commercial retail practices for sushi,
smoked seafood and reduced oxygen packing for seafood. Participants in preparing the guides
included representatives from major retail supermarket chains (Krogers, HEB, Wal-Mart, Publix,
Winn-Dixie), national trade associations (Food Marketing Institute, National Restaurant Association,
Association of Food and Drug officials, National Food Processors Association) and individuals from
state agencies and universities.
* An oyster post harvest treatment (PHT) program has compiled the current use of PHT in operations
and will serve as a benchmark of industry performance in order to meet pending regulatory goals for
2008. The initial survey indicates the Florida oyster industry will be able to comply with the first
regulatory goal in December 2005.
* The annual Sea Grant Shrimp School was attended by 30 participants representing 20 processing
firms from nine nations with shrimp commerce based in the USA. The school was taught jointly with
the FDA. The school is recognized as the leading school for education and training in shrimp quality
and safety about the world. The school has been invited to conduct similar sessions about the nation
and world. Attendance for 2004 and 2005 already exceeds available space.
* The Seafood HACCP Alliance remains the national training program for mandated HACCP for
seafood processing and importing in the United States. Training through 2003 occurred in every state
in the nation, every USA territory, and over 20 nations shipping seafood to the USA. The course in
both classroom settings and through the internet serves as the benchmark for seafood HACCP
training for any seafood commerce and it satisfies mandatory training requirements for inspectors in
both the State and Federal regulatory programs. The Alliance HACCP publications, based and
distributed from the University of Florida with coordination with the Florida Sea Grant Program,
remain the most successful and demanded UF/IFAS publications and were downloaded electronically
10,995 times from the Sea Grant Pell Depository during 2003.
Goal 5: Water-dependent Business
* A project sponsored by the NOAA Coastal Services Center to enhance and standardize field
collection methods for bathymetric data was completed. This will result in standardized data
collection procedures for use in the Southwest Florida regional waterway management system,
provide a reliable and recurring source of data for areas not covered by NOAA surveys (while
ensuring the data met NOAA standards for nautical charts) and document procedures for use by third
party organizations in data collection.
* Florida Sea Grant and the Tampa Bay Estuary Program hosted a workshop for 30 regulatory and
governmental personnel from the Tampa Bay area. The purpose was to present and discuss the
historical and contemporary waterway analysis methods developed by Sea Grant for southwest
Florida and the implementation of General Environmental Resource Permitting for maintenance
dredging by the state of Florida.
* A two-day conference was held in November 2003 in Captiva Island to examine the problems and
issues in providing water access and maintaining water dependent uses in Florida's coastal areas.
More than 100 resource managers, marina operators, coastal property owners, boaters and developers
attended. Attendees came from all parts of Florida, and five states. Discussions are now underway to
hold a regional or national conference on the issue in 2005. The conference was co-sponsored by
Florida Sea Grant, the Southwest Florida Marine Industries Association, and the West Coast Inland
* Seventy-eight clean marinas and 23 clean boatyards were designated in 2003, with 130 more in
process. Sea Grant Extension faculty participate in this program along with the Marine Industries
Association and the Florida Department of Environmental Education.
* ArcView GIS training in coastal resource management applications was provided in Fort Myers to ten
Florida Department of Environment South District and Aquatic Preserve managers. The training is
part of a process to develop a Noticed General Permit for maintenance of Lee County waterways that
is based on three completed applications of the Regional Waterway Management System in Lee
Goal 6: Water Quality
* In-service training for 25 Extension faculty was provided on "Watershed Water Quality: Non-Point
Source Pollution." The training raised the participants' knowledge by 30% according to pre and post-
tests, 38% will use the information to create educational programs, 25% to address watershed issues
and 19% to address regulatory issues.
Goal 7: Coastal Habitats
* A workshop with 75 attendees was held on "Invasive Species: Where We Are and Where We're
Going." Participants were educators, researchers and managers from universities, governmental
agencies, non-governmental groups and consulting firms. A set of priorities was developed with a
focus on education and outreach.
* A six-hour teacher workshop on invasive species in the south Florida ecosystem was held for 16 K-12
teachers and environmental educators. Knowledge gained was determined by an increase from 60%
pre-test score to an 80% post-test score.
* Ten planning meetings were attended and educational programs were conducted for the 21st Annual
Cortez Commercial Fishing Festival. The Festival is the major source of income for the purchase of
FISH Preserve. The 2003 Festival generated approximately $45,000 in profit. To date, approximately
$190,000 has been raised towards the total purchase price of $250,000. Additionally, approximately
1,200 citizens increased their understanding of local marine resource management issues. As a result
of a presentation to the Sarasota Bay National Estuary Program Citizen Advisory Program, the
Estuary Program has committed to helping sponsor the 2004 Festival.
Goal 8: Coastal Storms
* Florida Sea Grant Extension continued its second year outreach activity as a component of the
Southeast Atlantic Coastal Ocean Observing System (SEA-COOS). The four Sea Grant programs
(North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida) are cooperating in this regional project. The
goal is to establish a dialog with non-scientific users, identify their information needs and the
preferred formats and methods of information delivery. Florida Sea Grant Extension faculty were
trained on SEA-COOS, a Florida Sea Grant-based regional SEA-COOS coordinator was hired and
SEA-COOS materials were presented at a major conference.
Goal 9: Highly Trained Workforce
* Five applicants (of seven total) were submitted to the Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship Program and
one was selected. Forty-three percent of all FSG research funds supported graduate students. Three
graduate students and one undergraduate were given privately funded FSG scholarships. One
applicant was submitted and chosen as a NOAA Coastal Services Center Fellow.
Fourteen different academic departments and 12 different disciplines at seven Florida universities
received core FSG funds in 2003.
Four FSG sponsored seminars were held at four Florida universities.
Goal 10: Informed Citizens
Florida Sea Grant ranked first among all 30 Sea Grant programs in electronic downloads (38,750)
from the National Sea Grant Library. This represented 40% of all downloads from the top ten (in
funding) Sea Grant programs.
The South Florida Ecosystem Project was developed and implemented. A needs assessment was
conducted through three focus groups held in the Florida Keys. This initiated an education and
outreach partnership funded by the South Florida Water Management District to create and distribute
educational materials dealing with coastal issues surrounding the Comprehensive Everglades
A statewide 4-H poster contest was organized and held for Oceans Day 2003 in the State Capitol.
Each winner was introduced to the legislator from their district.
3.0 Program Funding
Florida Sea Grant program effort for the 2003-04 fiscal year was $5.816 million. The source of funds from
eight sources are shown in the chart.
NOAA Core SG
3.8% NOAA National
O Faculty Match
O Other Federal Grants
E Non-federal Grants
n State Appropriations
19.2% 15.0% E Florida Counties
O Endowment Revenue
Sea Grant federal funds plus all extramural grants were 4.2 times the amount of state appropriations
received by Florida Sea Grant.
4.0 Institutions Involved
Ten (of 16) academic institutions (both public and private) participated through the receipt of Sea Grant
funding for projects and programs. In addition, ten cooperating institutions and laboratories, four NOAA offices,
two state agencies, two regional management districts, five foundations and non-governmental organizations,
seven companies and 37 counties participated by providing support or matching funds.
5.0 Projects Funded
A total of 57 different Florida Sea Grant projects were in process during 2003. This includes 20 research,
three Extension/Communications/Management and 16 program development projects within FSG's core program.
In addition, 20 national strategic investment projects and four other non-federal extramurally funded projects were
A total of 53 different publication items (with thousands of copies) were completed and 122 are in various
stages of completion. Ten web pages are being maintained. The National Sea Grant Library indicated that FSG
publications showed 38,750 PDF downloads (a 41% increase from 2002) and far more than any other Sea Grant
Forty-three percent of FSG's core program research funding supported graduate students. This equates to
22% of all FSG's core program funds and support for a total of 27 students.
8.0 Program Awards
Nine different (of 21) county faculty/state specialists received a local award. FSG received two statewide
awards, one regional award and two national awards for various programs. One state specialist received a national
9.0 Outreach Activities
FSG continued major organized statewide or regional outreach activities in marine biotechnology, marinas
and boatyards, sustainable marine fisheries, Gulf of Mexico Center for Ocean Science Education in Excellence,
Coastal Storms Initiatives, Southeast Coastal Ocean Observing Systems, urban boating and waterway
development and marine ornamentals. Membership continued in the Florida Ocean Alliance, a statewide
consortium of university, industry and agency organizations.
Faculty continued involvement in international programs by providing leadership for the Gulf and
Caribbean Fisheries Institute and on various activities in Cuba, the Virgin Islands, Brazil and Australia.
Participation was provided to eight major international conferences including the hosting of the 15th International
More than 20 posters and displays were produced. The FSG website was redesigned and expanded.
Over the two year period of 2002 and 2003, a total of 841 educational events were conducted.
The leading Florida Sea Grant goal areas of activity are fisheries (22.1%) and coastal habitat (20.7%). Audience
type has also been documented with industry education, the leading audience type (28.3%). Finally, 82% of all
activity has occurred within Florida.
25 -.1 20.7
10 3. 5.2 4.5 5.1
Percent of educational events by Florida Sea Grant goal area for 2002 and 2003.
Youth, including 4-H
O Scientific and Professional
O Agencies and
16.9 0 Formal (K-12)
Percent of educational events by Florida Sea Grant audience type, 2002 and 2003.
m Within U.S.
O Outside U.S.
Percent of educational events by Florida Sea Grant geographic area of delivery.
10. Self Evaluation
FSG's success rate in National Sea Grant competitions for full proposals was 75%, compared to the
national average of 58%. The success rate for full proposals being invited on the basis ofpre-proposals submitted
was 25%, compared to the national average of 24%.
Fourteen of the 15 FSG institutions submitted core program research proposals and eight of the 15 received
funding. Sixty-three percent of the principal investigators did not receive funding in the previous cycle.
FSG participated in seven regional projects.
The Director, Associate Director, Assistant Director for Extension and statewide Extension faculty
provided service statewide, regionally and nationally by representation on both academic and non-academic
boards or activities as follows: international (6); national (19); regional (3); state (7). The Director, Associate
Director and Assistant Director participated in 26 publications and presentations in addition to managing the
11.0 Advisory Process
Three statewide advisory committees and 16 county advisory committees provided input to FSG.
2.0 ACCOMPLISHMENTS AND BENEFITS
Goal 1: Create Products and Processes from Florida's Coastal Resources Using
1.1 This project provides leadership in a new direction to expand and enhance natural products
research. It focuses the latest advances in biotechnology to identify and determine the mechanism
of action of marine-derived compounds with pharmaceutical potential. It demonstrates the power
of cross-species array technology for the development of unconventional model systems, such as
marine invertebrates, to address questions in marine, cell and molecular biology. (2003).
Results to date have identified at least four genes that may be regulated in pancreatic cancer cells
treated with lasonolide. Several of these genes may have important implications for cancer
treatment and may indeed help to identify the mechanism by which lasonolide inhibits the growth
of cancer cells. In addition, there are 15 genes in Tedania ignis that may be regulated by
lasonolide and that will provide important insights into lasonolide function in sponge and
mammalian systems, and an understanding of the genetic basis for the production of marine
1.7 A statewide faculty coordinating committee organized by Florida Sea Grant to advance marine
biotechnology will continue to operate. The goal is to partner with industry in a way that will
yield both state and industry funds to support marine biotechnology research, education and
economic growth in Florida. (Seaman/Cato)
Individuals from the committee were active in developing outreach materials and efforts, while
the committee will be utilized as a whole in 2004 to facilitate strategic planning for Sea Grant.
1.10 To promote industry awareness of Florida marine biotechnology opportunities and constraints,
outreach will communicate a profile of existing commercial activities and interests in Florida via a
publication, and also in a proposed session at a national biotechnology conference (in cooperation
with the national theme team) and a proposed executive continuing education workshop.
A science writer completed profiles of about 1,000 words for each of 24 FSG research projects, as
the first step in developing a "corporate report" summary of FSG contributions in the field.
Funding of the FAU Center of Excellence gave that institution leadership for executive--and
teacher--education, and FSG will participate in the effort.
1.11 To promote faculty cooperation and exchange to enhance research and training, a statewide
marine biotechnology listserve will be continued, planning for the fourth statewide summit will
commence, and the feasibility of an ad hoc faculty advisory panel will be determined. (Seaman)
The faculty list-serve has continued, in affect creating a statewide, virtual academic department
for Florida marine biotechnology. Plans are underway for a 2004 summit. Individuals for an
industry panel have been identified and contacted.
1.12 To promote awareness and understanding of marine biotechnology by Extension faculty (for a
topic for which no State Major Program [SMP] exists), an information packet of relevant
materials and resources will be assembled and the possibility of establishing an SMP design team
The options for a design team in marine biotechnology will be deferred until the IFAS Extension
long-range plan is completed and a new system of focus areas is established. Meanwhile,
informational materials were drafted for use on two websites and will be available in 2004.
Goal 2: Determine Production and Management Techniques Which Make
Florida's Fisheries Sustainable and Competitive
2.1 West Florida shelf-edge reefs are of major importance to reef fish fishery production in the Gulf
of Mexico, yet little is known of the biological and geological characteristics of these reef
systems. The commercial reef fish fishery of this region concentrates its effort on these shelf-
ledge reefs. Virtually all of the important reef species are considered overfished; some are
considered threatened. In 1999, the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council set aside two
100 nautical-square-mile shelf-ledge areas for experimental purposes, providing opportunities to
monitor fish demographics in protected areas. (Koenig/Coleman/Levitan: R/LR-B-51)
This work on shelf-edge habitat mapping is the first of its kind in such deep-water habitats; it
combines quantitative estimates of fish density and spatial habitat features including
geomorphology, habitat structuring organisms, and percent coverage. The project also developed
a protocol for such mapping using either submersibles or ROVs. Data show that gag and scamp
were both more abundant inside protected areas than they were outside protected areas,
specifically in areas with similar types of habitat. Based on problems observed with poaching in
the marine reserves, the U.S. Coast Guard and the National Marine Fisheries Service Law
Enforcement Division have become more actively engaged in fisheries enforcement in closed
2.2 Artificial reefs are a potentially powerful management tool that can be used to enhance fish
production and divert deleterious impacts away from natural habitat. To date, their use is limited
by some interests due to a scientific controversy over attraction-production. Solutions to this
problem must quantify the negative effects of attracting fish away from natural reefs, and the
positive effects of providing new habitat. (Osenberg/St. Mary/Bolker: R/LR-B-52)
The theoretical advancements of the project include a model on marine ornamental species
dynamics, parameterized with previously collected field data, which incorporates conflicting
effects of density-dependent settlement and survival on reef fish dynamics and the influence of
harvesting (no such model had previously been developed). Field data led to quantification of the
strength of density-dependence of reef fishes and a comprehensive description of settlement and
migration patterns of 100 species of reef fish. Meanwhile, study of the use of live-rock lease sites
as production sites for marine ornamentals has been promoted at several workshops and meetings.
As a result, some collectors with live rock lease sites now view these sites are potentially more
valuable for ornamental aquarium species production than for live-rock production.
2.3 Diamondback terrapins range along the eastern and Gulf coasts of the US and prefer the same
habitat as blue crabs. Large numbers of terrapins enter crab pots and drown as bycatch. The use of
bycatch reduction devices that limit the entrance size of trap funnels. (Butler/Heinrich: R/LR-B-
This is the first data set concerning the use ofbycatch reduction devices (BRDs) on crab pots in
Florida. Results suggest that BRDs can prevent some terrapin bycatch and mortality. Findings
demonstrate that BRDs on crab pots have no adverse effect on crab capture. The project has
formulated recommendations to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission for
regulations that reduce turtle bycatch mortality in Florida waters.
2.6 A number of research projects and programs have been completed on the spiny lobster fishery of
south Florida over the last two decades. Most of the research results have been published in
scientific journals or presented to management agencies. This workshop is designed to present the
results to the commercial and recreational fishing industry and participants. The goal is to increase
their knowledge about the fishery, exchange ideas, and promote collaboration between the
fishermen and the scientific community. (Gregory: PD-03-4)
A Florida Keys Spiny Lobster Workshop was conducted in Key West during June, 2003. The
workshop was co-sponsored by Florida Sea Grant, Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission and
Monroe County Commercial Fishermen, Inc. (MCCF) The purpose of the workshop was to bring
lobster scientists and fishermen together to discuss the current state of lobster research and to
identify future research needs. Over 100 attendees included at least 50 local lobster fishermen.
Nine scientific presentations on lobster biology were provided, followed by a 1.5 hour panel
discussion on future research needs. About 85 percent of the attendees who completed a workshop
evaluation (n=45) said the workshop was very good and they would like to see similar workshops
on other fishery issues. Seventy-three percent said they learned information useful to their fishing
business. And 80 percent felt the panel discussion was useful in identifying future research needs.
The workshop was successful in developing a discussion between researchers and fishermen
about the current state of knowledge about lobsters and to identify information needs and in
increasing collaboration between researchers and fishermen. This information will be a helpful
guide to funding agencies in evaluating lobster research proposals and the increased
collaborations should lead to improved research and acceptability to industry. A summary of the
scientific presentations are available upon request
(http://monroe.ifas.ufl.edu/lobster conference.htm). The panel discussion comments will be
2.9 Participate in the development of a Gulf-wide strategy of dealing with blue crab "ghost traps."
This effort will be lead by the Louisiana Sea Grant program, but Florida Sea Grant will assist in
identifying the methods and justification for addressing this issue in the Gulf of Mexico region.
This work was not done. The state-level initiative has not progressed to the point that FSG has
gotten involved. It is anticipated that this effort will develop further in 2004 if FWC adopts a
strategy to deal with this issue.
2.10 Complete and submit the final report of the Blue Crab Facilitated Workshops to the Florida Fish
and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC). The report will detail findings of the 17
workshops held in 2002. The findings will serve as a basis for public hearings to be held by the
FWC for blue crab permit holders in an attempt to develop a draft management plan for blue crab
in Florida. (Adams)
The Blue Crab Facilitated Workshops Final Report was submitted to FWC in March, 2003. The
140-page document provided a summary of the concerns and opinions of those commercial blue
crabbers who took the time to participate in the process. A total of 16 workshops were held.
Approximately 200 crabbers attended. The report has served as a basis by which the FWC has
conducted public hearings leading up to the development of a Florida Blue Crab Management
2.11 Serve on the Sheepshead Technical Task Force for the Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission.
The Task Force will develop a Fishery Profile and Draft Management Plan for the commercial
and recreational harvest of sheepshead in the Gulf of Mexico region. (Adams)
Adams serves as the Chair of the Sheepshead Task Force of the Gulf States Marine Fisheries
Commission. Two meetings were attended and a section of the management plan that addresses
the economic characteristics of the commercial sheepshead industry in the Gulf of Mexico region
was written. Participation on the Task Force will continue until 2005.
2.12 Deliver a formal presentation addressing the current situation in the Gulf and South Atlantic
shrimp industry at the UF-sponsored Trade Disputes Conference. The paper will be co-authored
by Walter Keithly and Sal Versaggi, and will be published in a book derived from the Conference
A formal presentation concerning the current domestic shrimp market situation with respect to
imported shrimp was given at the University of Florida-sponsored Trade Disputes Conference,
Gainesville, Florida. Presentation co-authors were Sal Versaggi (Versaggi Shrimp Company) and
Walter Keithly (LSU). A manuscript was adapted from the presentation and is currently being
published as a chapter in the conference proceedings being published as a book.
2.13 Complete an analysis of the fair market value of a vessel currently participating in the commercial
shark fishery in the Gulf and North Atlantic region. This project will be funded by the Gulf and
South Atlantic Fishery Foundation. The project will be a component of a larger study that will
provide guidance for the development of a shark vessel buyout program for the region. (Adams)
The project, which is being funded by the Gulf and South Atlantic Fisheries Foundation, is
currently ongoing. The primary project objective is to estimate the fair market value for a
commercial shrimp vessel participating in the shark fishery within the Gulf of Mexico or Atlantic
Ocean. Progress has been hampered by the delays associated with data requests. The project is
scheduled to be completed by November 2004, but an additional request for extension may be
2.14 Travel to Havana, Cuba and renew relationships with contacts at the Ministry of Fisheries. Present
seminars addressing topics such as release mortality of reef fish, and sponge biomass assessment.
Adams gave a presentation at MarCuba 2003 in Havana, Cuba, on the use of zero-water exchange
systems for shrimp culture. The presentation was attended by about 30 individuals. This has lead
to ongoing dialogue with individuals involved with government sponsored shrimp culture
research in Cuba.
2.15 Participate in the Second Biennial Meeting of the North American Association of Fisheries
Economists, serving as a moderator for at least one technical paper session. Also, will serve on
Nominating Committee that selects names for balloting to elect the first officers of the
The 2nd Biennial Meeting of the North American Association of Fisheries Economist was held in
Williamsburg, VA. Adams served as a moderator for a session that addressed recent research on
the economic impact of commercial and recreational fishing industries in the U.S. Service was
also provided as a member of the Nominating Committee for the Charter Officers of the
2.16 Continue to serve on the Scientific and Statistical Committees of the Gulf of Mexico and South
Atlantic Regional Management Councils. Attend various meetings and provide economic input in
the derivation and selection of management options. (Adams)
Membership on the Scientific and Statistical Committees (SSC) of the South Atlantic and Gulf of
Mexico Regional Fisheries Management Councils continued through 2003. Three SSC meetings
were attended that covered fisheries management plan amendments for reef fish and coastal
pelagics. This activity provides an opportunity to ensure that economic considerations and current
research findings are incorporated into the management decisions taken by the Councils.
2.17 Develop workshops and individual outreach activities on proposed fishery management actions
that can have a major impact on local marine resources or fishermen. (Gregory)
One fisheries management workshop was conducted, at the request of the Governor's office, to
help 50 shrimp fishermen evaluate the utility of various financial assistance programs available
from the State. In addition, at least 25 different consultations with industry leaders and fishermen
were conducted to explain proposed management measures and to explain stock assessment
results. Similar information was presented through the mass media on nine occasions. (See 2.26
2.18 Continue to serve on the Scientific and Statistical Committees of the Gulf of Mexico and South
Atlantic Fishery Management Councils. Membership will also continue on the Coastal Pelagics
Stock Assessment Panel. (Gregory)
The Monroe County Sea Grant Marine Extension Agent was reappointed to the Gulf of Mexico
Fishery Management Council Scientific and Statistical Committee, the South Atlantic Fishery
Management Council Scientific and Statistical Committee and to the joint Gulf and South Atlantic
Coastal Pelagics Stock Assessment Panel. In addition, Gregory was invited by the National
Marine Fisheries Service to serve on two stock assessment review committees (SEDAR II South
Atlantic Black Sea Bass and Vermilion Snapper Stock Assessment Review Panel and SEDAR III
Gulf and South Atlantic Yellowtail Snapper and Goliath Grouper Stock Assessment Review
Panel. (SEDAR = Southeast Data and Assessment Review).
Two Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council Scientific and Statistical Committee meetings
were attended to review the 2003 red grouper stock assessment and the essential fish habitat draft
amendment. FSG involvement indirectly led to a reassessment of red grouper that concluded the
Gulf population was not over fished as had been previously determined. Gregory was also an
invited participant to the black sea bass and vermilion stock assessment review panel meetings in
Raleigh, NC and Cocoa Beach, FL for the South Atlantic Fishery Management Council and
National Marine Fisheries Service and was an invited participant by the Gulf of Mexico Fishery
Management Council and the National Marine Fisheries Service to represent the Scientific and
Statistical Committee on the Yellowtail Snapper SEDAR Assessment Review Workshop to
review and comment on the yellowtail stock assessment conducted by the Florida Fish and
Wildlife Conservation Commission. Florida Sea Grant input was directly responsible for
establishing the parameters that led to a conclusion that the yellowtail snapper fishery was healthy
and not over fished after outside reviewers (from New Zealand, England and New England) had
tried to make a case for the fishery to be over fished.
2.19 Develop two brochures that explain statewide and local bycatch allowances for lobster and stone
crab trap fishermen. (Gregory)
The bycatch brochures were not produced during 2003.
2.20 Participate in Gulf of Mexico (GOM) Shrimp Summit that will address current economic, social
and political problems affecting the GOM Shrimpers. (Adams, Gregory, Stevely, Sweat, Wasno,
All six Sea Grant representatives attended the Gulf of Mexico Shrimp Summit, organized by
Texas Sea Grant, in Houston, Texas. This summit meeting was attended by about 100 industry
and government agency leaders, including members of the Mexican shrimping industry. The
outcome of this meeting was a prioritized listing of industry concerns with possible solutions.
Adams served as a note taker for all Sea Grant delegates and participated in a post-summit mail-
out survey follow-up. Stevely served as discussion session recorder.
2.21 Continue to serve and execute duties as Executive Secretary of the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries
The agent served as Executive Secretary to the GCFI, and in that capacity, was responsible for
day-to-day activities of the Institute, which include responding to inquiries about fishery issues,
provide information about GCFI conferences and publications, and distribution of the 54th GCGI
Proceedings to members (200), 82 libraries, and three international scientific databases.
2.22 Conduct fish survival workshops for recreational fishermen, charter boat operators and fishing
tournament organizers that address such topics as fish venting, circle hooks, proper handling and
release, and fishery management issues. (Combs, Crane, Creswell, Diller, S. Jackson, McGuire,
Novak, Stevely, Sweat, Verlinde, Wasno)
One hundred thirty-five anglers were taught proper fish venting techniques, catch and release
practices, and learned the benefits of using circle hooks to minimize gut-hooking fish during
fishing events and workshops. Of the 77 anglers who were taught fish venting practices, a mailed
survey after three months indicated 66% said they used the tool while fishing.
The Monroe County marine agent conducted a one-hour presentation on catch and release fishing
and demonstrated how to vent fish retrieved from deep water at the Breeze-swept Community
Civic Association (15 in attendance).
The Manatee County agent and six volunteers staffed Sea Grant Extension exhibit featuring catch
and release techniques at Florida Fishing College. A total of 210 venting tools were distributed as
well as 195 newcomer fishing kits. Distributed 71 fish venting tools at two fishing tournaments
(Fishing the Islands, Pete Turner Classic).
The Central Florida agent conducted fish survival workshops (circle hooks, fish venting) in
Homosassa and St. Petersburg. Total attendees approximately 150.
The Santa Rosa agent provided 20 fish venting tools and instruction to local fishermen.
Fish Survival Workshops- The Lee County agent conducted proper fish release workshops at 10
fishing tournaments. Curriculum includes how to protect fish in the live well, how to handle fish,
using circle hooks, how to properly vent fish. 2417 participants attended.
Over 100 participants at the 56th Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute became familiar with the
need to vent fish that are retrieved from depth and the proper use of the fish venting tool. Fifty
fish venting tools were distributed to commercial and recreational grouper fishermen for their use.
Fish venting tools were provided only to those fishermen that catch grouper at depth and
expressed a willingness to use the tool regularly.
Weigh master (for the sixth consecutive year) of Annual Blue Water Open Deep Sea Fishing
Tournament in Brevard County. Spoke at Captain's meeting about Monofilament Recovery
program, and Clean Boating program (90 attending). Educated Tournament organizers, during
post-tournament review meeting, on importance of FMRI wahoo research in future fishery
management of this species, and importance of continuing to support this research during future
tournaments (20 attending).
2.23 Continue to conduct educational programs and provide materials and technical assistance for the
maintenance and development of artificial reefs off Florida's coast. (S. Jackson, Novak, Stevely,
Sea Grant Extension provided support to fledgling volunteer reef monitoring organizations in
Okaloosa County. Sea Grant Extension organized a meeting with representatives from the Scuba-
tech Dive Shop, Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission, Okaloosa County, Florida Sea Grant
Extension, and Eglin Dive Club met to discuss opportunities for diver stewardship. Eglin dive
club members initiated a website devoted to the discussion of Okaloosa County Reef sites,
including visual reports from recreational dives. The site has been a successful tool with 139
members making 1281 posts in 16 forums. (http://ecra.emeraldcoastboating.net).
Okaloosa County Sea Grant Extension facilitated negotiations between user groups and regulators
in December 2002 and January 2003. The results were a new Okaloosa County Ordinance
governing private reef deployments. Improvements in private reef deployment procedures
streamlined this process and allowed multiple deployments per inspection and permit. Charter
boat representatives and regulators are reporting a high point of satisfaction, compliance, and
stewardship among private reef builders. Private Reef Deployment Summary: 2002 Okaloosa
County Private Reefs 78 permits issued with 58 deployed 305 units, 2003 (through November
2003) Okaloosa County Private Reefs 57 permits issued with 36 deployed 408 units
The Monroe County agent assisted a local homeowner with an application for dealing with the
permitting process with FDEP and USACOE to install a reef ball mini-reef beneath his dock in
Tavemier. He prepared supplemental information to FDEP, FKNMS, and the USACOE on the
proposed artificial reef project.
Agents Stevely, Novak and Wasno, planned and coordinated the annual workshop for artificial
reef coordinators and their staffs in Southwest Florida.
The Lee County agent conducted artificial reef educational presentations to local interest groups.
Total participants are 562. Attended West Coast Artificial Reef Coordinators meeting in Sarasota.
2.24 Continue to assist team of researchers from Stanford University, Duke University, Monterey Bay
Aquarium and the National Marine Fisheries Service on a national blue fin tuna tagging program.
This work continued but no report included due to the untimely death of Rich Novak in January
2.25 Continue activities with REDstart, a redfish enhancement project at Tarpon Bay on Sanibel
Island. (Novak, Stevely, Wasno)
The Manatee County agent chaired two meetings of the REDstart Scientific Advisory Board.
Creation of the Scientific Advisory Board has pulled together technical resources from a variety
of sources (Fish & Wildlife Commission, South Florida Water Management District, U.S. Fish
and Wildlife, Sanibel-Captiva Conservation Foundation, Mote Marine Labs, Florida Sea Grant) to
provide technical guidance for the REDstart Program.
REDstart Fisheries Enhancement Project- Successful release of first cycle of fish. These fish were
released into a land-locked lake on USFWS Ding Darling National Wildlife Refuge. All fish were
tagged and released with assistance from Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission,
Sanibel Captiva Conservation Foundation, South Florida Water Management District and Mote
Marine Lab. Volunteers scored 100% on technical survey on water quality analysis, determining
fish feed rates and emergency management. Also presented results at the World Aquaculture
Conference in Hawaii. Co-authors on this presentation included Sea Grant Agents LeRoy
Creswell, John Stevely and Don Sweat.
2.26 Coordinate shrimp gear/TED workshops for local Shrimpers with Gary Graham, Texas Sea Grant,
and Lindsey Parker, Georgia Sea Grant Fishing Gear Specialists to demonstrate new turtle
excluder designs and discuss new regulatory requirements. (Gregory, Mahan)
At the request of the Governor's office we helped organize and chair a shrimp industry assistance
meeting in Marathon. Fifty shrimp fishermen/businessmen attended and learned that existing
social service programs were not useful in their current plight of low dockside prices caused by
cheap shrimp imports from Southeast Asia. A series of newspaper articles were arranged for in the
Miami Herald about the plight of the shrimp industry. A Turtle Excluder Device demonstration
workshop was organized for 15 local shrimp fishermen. Invited speakers from Texas and Georgia
Sea Grant demonstrated the changes needed to existing nets to comply with new regulatory
requirements. Standard Marine Hardware hosted the meeting and is holding two demonstration
TEDs for use by local shrimp fishermen. Special net webbing made from Dyneema synthetics was
provided to Mr. James Phelps to test for Texas Sea Grant. This new webbing significantly reduces
fuel consumption while fishing. Thirteen fishermen were assisted with permit and regulatory
issues that required facilitation with a regulatory agency.
The Franklin County Agent worked with Dr. Gray Graham, Fisheries Specialist with the Texas
A&M Sea Grant Program to teach a series of nine TED workshops/meetings over a two-day
period in Franklin and Gulf Counties. A total of 44 people from Franklin and Gulf Counties
participated in the workshop/meetings.
Goal 3: Develop the Food and Hobby Segments of Florida's Marine
3.1 Certain marine algal species make up an important part of the natural diet of Atlantic surgeonfish,
which have economic importance in Florida, and are traded globally for the aquarium trade. An
experimental diet that approximates the natural diet of these fish will be developed and tested. The
goal is to develop diets that can be used to improve the health and management of Atlantic
surgeonfish and to enhance efforts for captive propagation. (Francis-Floyd/ Phlips/ Berzins/
This project encountered problems ranging from manufacturing experimental diets, changes in the
availability of lab space suitable for replicated study and subsequent lab modification problems.
However, this line of research still is likely to result in significant advancement. There is a great
deal of interest in this work by the aquarium community, as tangibly demonstrated by Walt
Disney World's willingness to invest in the project. The scientific community has also expressed
significant interest. The project has demonstrated that diet affects growth rate of captive
surgeonfish, that fatty liver syndrome does not seem to be a problem in fish fed the diets tested,
and that HLLES-like lesions developed in fish fed one diet but not another. Success in
demonstrating that either vitamin A or ascorbic acid are playing a role in these observations, will
be a huge step forward. There have been almost no controlled studies on the effect of nutritional
management on captive maintenance of reef fish. It is essential to improve longevity of captive
specimens and a prerequisite for successful culture. There is every reason to believe that the
scientists are on the threshold of making a major contribution to this new line of research.
Historically, the development of HLLES-like lesions is one of the most common health problems
of captive marine fish, and acanthurids are an excellent model for this anomaly because they seem
to develop the lesions relatively quickly. There have been numerous hypotheses proposed as the
etiology of HLLES-like lesions, including nutrition, nitrate toxicity, stray electrical voltage and
virus. Very little work has been done that has used controlled laboratory experiments, yet one of
the most compelling papers on HLLES etiology involved a very small scale study evaluating
ascorbic acid deficiency. The paper was very weak for a number of reasons including a very small
number of animals, poor controls and premature death of the animals due to water quality
problems. None-the-less, there was some intriguing data that were developed. The line of research
currently in progress should provide a definitive answer as to whether that investigator was on the
right track or not. That contribution alone will be a significant advancement to the field.
Two graduate and one undergraduate students worked on the project. Eight publications and four
presentations were made with some at the request of major aquaria.
3.2 Depletion of bay scallops in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico is largely due to loss of seagrasses that
form an essential habitat. Seagrasses are recovering, but bay scallop spawning stocks are at an all-
time low abundance in Tampa Bay. The goal is to significantly advance developing hatchery-
release technology to replenish bay scallop populations on the Florida West Coast and to test the
relative efficiency of cage versus free-planting cultured scallops in the field.
(Leber/Halstead/Arold/Blake: R/LR-A-34 [TAQ-99-104])
Scallops planted in Sarasota Bay during 2000 grew rapidly and effectively doubled in shell height
between late July and mid-October. Survival was poor especially between planting and the first
sampling date in early September. Those scallops that did survive appeared to develop normally
and spawn during fall as is typical for naturally occurring scallops in Florida waters.
A more coherent planting and monitoring effort was initiated during 2001, and the success was
considerably improved relative to 2000 restoration activities in Sarasota Bay. Scallops were
planted during spring, rather than summer, during the 2001 effort. Although shell growth was not
rapid during 2001 relative to 2000, mortality was considerably reduced at two of the three study
sites and over 30% of the scallops remained alive at those two sites by late August. Although
those mortality rates appear high, they compare favorably with mortality rates reported for other
scallop restoration projects.
Results indicate that scallops planted in Sarasota Bay initiated spawning during summer,
suggesting that a large proportion of the scallops planted during 2001 had an opportunity to spawn
prior to death. It was unfortunate that a severe bloom ofK. brevis penetrated Sarasota Bay waters
during early September and killed all of the scallops in the various treatment plots. Although no
evidence of successful recruitment was detected during that time, these results support the
feasibility of scallop restoration in Sarasota Bay.
Genetic assessment efforts did not produce positive results, but sample sizes were very small and
essentially no recruits were collected. Linking recruits captured during late summer or fall, 2001,
with adults planted during May 2001 would have provided the most direct and definitive evidence
of a contribution from the planted stock to the wild population.
Future scallop restoration efforts in Sarasota Bay will benefit from a more careful,
hydrodynamically based selection of planting sites. That approach will allow for a risk assessment
of exposure to K. brevis and a hydrodynamic model also can be used to predict spatfall and from
those locations chosen for deployment of recruit collectors. A hydrodynamic model of Sarasota
Bay is available and should be applied to this task. Additionally, a more intensive recruitment
monitoring program, closely linked to a genetic assessment effort, will be needed to better
ascertain any contribution from the planted stock to the following year class. Otherwise, scallop
restoration efforts should be continued in Sarasota Bay in an effort to determine if and under what
conditions a viable bay scallop population can be returned to this urbanized coastal estuary.
Results from bay scallop restoration programs throughout the eastern and Gulf of Mexico coasts
of the United States indicate that success is a long-term proposition.
3.3 Clam aquaculture is currently focused on a single species. Diversification is needed to allow the
industry to grow. This project will help determine the production feasibility of two marine bivalve
species. Limited stocks of these species have prevented the development of major fisheries, but
aquaculture could provide a source of seed for both species. This project will focus on spawning
and larval rearing technologies. (Baldwin: R/LR-A-37-PD)
One hypothesis was that blood ark and ponderous ark clam seed can be obtained from a hatchery
and subsequently reared to harvestable size by shellfish growers using culture methods similar to
those employed by the hard clam industry. To test this hypothesis, early development events,
embryonic and larval development were documented and described since little information exits
on the reproductive cycle of these mollusks. The findings indicated that typical spawning
techniques used in the hard clam hatcheries and the early embryonic development events of the
blood ark, A ovalis and ponderous ark, N. ponderosa are congruent with that ofM mercenaria.
As a result, it is expected that these two native ark species could supplement current hard clam
production with minimal operational changes in the early hatchery stages.
The UF Cooperative Extension Service and the Florida Sea Grant Extension Program each
provided extension assistance via a network of specialists and publication distribution. Copies of
the extension publication will be provided to agents in coastal counties. This report can also
become an offering at the Florida Sea Grant web site (www.flseagrant.org). The findings of this
project will provide information necessary for one to make an informed decision regarding
investing in the commercial culture of these alternative molluscan species. Interested shellfish
growers will be able to compare the projected performance of ark clam culture with that of hard
clam culture in Florida.
This project's goal is linked to that of USDA Special Grants project (Baker, Sturmer, Nunez and
Creswell, 2001) which allows for an experimental shellfish hatchery to be established at the
Whitney Lab, as well as preliminary investigation of ark clam to determine hatchery, nursery, and
growout production in 2001-02. The USDA project and this Florida Sea Grant proposal do not
overlap in terms of their specific objectives, but are complimentary to each other. This
coordinated collaboration and partnership among the hard clam farming community, the
University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, the Whitney Lab, and Florida
Atlantic University was developed to focus and leverage available resources to enable the
sustainable development of shellfish aquaculture. The results of both studies are expected to be
combined into a hatchery manual for ark clams upon the completion of all research projects.
3.4 This study utilizes a novel approach to understanding key factors about a major problem in
aquaculture. High mortality rates occur during the first-feeding stage of hatchery-reared marine
fish larvae. Development of techniques that will increase the survival rate is critical.
This is the first time that digital high-speed videography has been used to investigate the feeding
performance of cultured fish or any aquacultured species. This state-of-the-art technology allowed
the investigators to directly observe the interaction between the larval-fish predator and its prey.
Based on the results of this study, pilot studies at a business will be conducted to explore the
feasibility of scaling up the experimental nature of this study for the aquaculture industry.
Recommendations for setting up the criteria for choosing the right copepod prey for a particular
species and developmental stage of marine fish being raised in hatcheries have been proposed.
3.6 The 30th Joint Meeting of the U.S.- Japan Natural Resources (UJNR) Aquaculture Panel was held
in Fall 2001 in Florida. The proceedings of the symposium on stock enhancement and marine fish
aquaculture will be published. (Leber: PD-01-3)
The volume "Ecology of Aquaculture Species and Enhancement of Stocks: Proceedings of the
Thirtieth U.S. Japan Meeting on Aquaculture" was published in 2003 in the UJNR TP-128
3.7 The objective of the 14th International Scallop (Pectinid) Biology and Aquaculture Workshop is to
provide unique opportunities for researchers and managers to exchange new information. About
125 people from 25 countries are expected to attend the Conference to be held in Florida.
University of South Florida researchers and Florida Sea Grant Extension faculty are organizing
the conference. (Blake/Sweat: PD-01-08)
The workshop was attended by 122 participants from 21 countries. It was held in St. Petersburg
April 23-29, 2003. Twenty two of the participants were students and awards were made to the
students making the best oral and poster presentations. The book of abstracts of the 53 oral
presentations and the 53 poster presentations was provided to each participant. Interest in scallops,
which belong to the family Pectinidae, is rapidly expanding especially as the world demand for
the meats has increased and natural stocks have dwindled.
3.11 A series of workshops will be held to demonstrate record keeping principles and practices to clam
growers in Florida. (Sturmer/Adams) Conduct a nation-wide survey of agricultural and
aquacultural organizations and associations, targeting the association's directors. The survey will
assist the Florida hard clam growers as they intend to start their own association. (Adams,
The agricultural/aquacultural organization survey was completed. The findings have been
published as a Final Report, with a version of this report to be published as a Sea Grant report. A
summary workshop was held in Ocala, Fl during October 2003, which was attended by
approximately 50 individuals representing the shellfish culture industry in Florida. The findings of
the survey have provided the shellfish culture industry with alternative organizational strategies
some of which have been recognized by industry as having potential for a statewide shellfish
growers association in Florida.
Taught clam growers how to use the CLAM software program during training sessions and
individual consultations. Sessions were conducted on June 23, June 24, and June 25 in Cedar Key
(Levy County); on October 2 in Carrabelle (Franklin County), on October 21 in Sebastian (Indian
River County), October 22 in Cocoa (Brevard County), December 3 and 9 in Cedar Key (Levy
County), and December 11 in Cross City (Dixie County). A free copy of the CLAM software
program and a companion User's Guide was provided at these sessions. These efforts resulted in
42 clam growers, or 9% of the growers in that state, to better refine their business and record
keeping practices through an understanding and adoption of computerized spreadsheets. In
addition, 2 Sea Grant agents in counties (Brevard and Franklin) where clam farming is ongoing
were trained in the use of the software program to provide support to growers in their area.
A mechanism was developed and implemented with which to obtain information from successful
agricultural and aquacultural organizations in Florida and the nation. A 23-item descriptive survey
was utilized to gather essential information from these organizations. A 35% response rate was
obtained from 85 organizational representatives. The analyzed survey results were the basis of an
extension-style report that provided information on the following categories: respondents,
structures, revenue generating strategies, inter-organizational structure, membership, initial
consideration for organizing, possible roadblocks, measurement of success, and recommendations
from organizations. The report also revealed several options and alternatives the Florida clam
aquaculture industry could evaluate in determining how to organize through a unified industry
approach. These suggestions provide a starting point for industry leaders to consider, adopt or
reject. Further, the report can be used in providing guidance and suggestions for other individuals
or industries that are interested in organizing.
3.12 Complete the USDA-funded study that is developing a low cost investment strategy for inland
shrimp culture in Florida. The study will provide an assessment of the investment and operating
costs of a one-acre, dug-pond system. The final report will provide investors with a strategy for
trying shrimp culture with a low-cost method. (Adams, Sweat)
This USDA-funded study is on-going, but scheduled to be completed by May 2004. The study has
developed a pro-forma financial analysis for a hypothetical inland, earthen pond shrimp culture
system. The system provides a low-cost, low-tech strategy for the culture of shrimp in low-salinity
water in an inland environment. Given the current market conditions, however, the system is not
financially feasible. Completion of USDA-funded study for inland shrimp culture in Florida not
yet complete, but lacking only publication which is pending.
3.13 Participate in the Aquaculture America 2003 meetings in Louisville, KY. Present a paper on the
economic impact of commercial hard clam culture in Florida. The paper will be included in a
special edition of the Journal of Applied Aquaculture. (Adams)
A presentation discussed the economic impact of the hard clam culture industry in Florida. The
paper has been adapted into a journal article that is currently in-press with the Journal of Applied
3.14 Participate in the World Aquaculture Association 2003 meetings in Salvador, Brazil, and co-
present a paper that describes the Florida Sea Grant-funded study that assessed the market
potential for culture sturgeon products. (Adams)
A presentation was co-authored (given by former student Marco Palma) on the market potential
for cultured sturgeon in the southeast U.S. This presentation was adapted into an article that was
published in the popular journal Global Aquaculture Advocate.
3.15 Develop educational program, technical assistance and materials and provide educational support
to local agents on sustainable hard clam aquaculture production throughout the state. (Sturmer)
Continued to establish a network within those counties where clam farming is ongoing by
working with county marine agents and providing technical assistance and educational materials.
Efforts during the third program year focused on Charlotte County (Novak) and Lee County
(Wasno) in southwest Florida where growers have faced significant crop losses and on Franklin
County (Mahan) where new leases have recently been established. Continued to deliver
educational workshops, demonstrations and research results, previously delivered only in the Big
Bend area, to these other areas of the state. (3.15 and 3.16 are really the same)
3.16 Continue to establish an extension network in counties where clam farming is ongoing, or
projected. Counties involved will include Levy, Dixie, Charlotte, Lee, Brevard, St. Lucie, Indian
River and Apalachicola. (Sturmer, Novak, Wasno, Combs, Creswell, Mahan)
The Franklin County Agent continued to network with UF-IFAS Clam Aquaculture Agent Leslie
Sturmer to provide clam aquaculture education programs and technical assistance to the clam
farmers in Franklin County. (see 3.28)
The St. Lucie County Agent continues to work with clam growers as requested and to facilitate
workshops conducted by the state-wide shellfish aquaculture specialist.
The Brevard County agent worked with Sea Grant Clam Specialist, Leslie Sturmer to assist local
clam farmers and hatchery and/or nursery facilities (approximately a dozen).
3.17 Continue to provide technical assistance to the 4-year Clam Lease Assessment, Management, and
Modeling using Remote Sensing (CLAMMRS) project. This USDA-funded project allows for
adoption of remote sensing technology for the calm aquaculture industry. (Sturmer)
This year continued to work with clam industry members in an effort to make them aware of the
CLAMMRS water quality monitoring stations located in 7 counties. Over 25% of the active
growers in the Big Bend area reviewed the "real-time" continuous water quality data posted to a
web site. With archived water quality data available for 2002-3 developed procedures to graph
monthly data of selected parameters for each CLAMMRS station. These "farmer friendly" graphs
were used by growers in comparing annual clam production and documenting crop insurance
claims. In addition, participated in over 120 office visits, telephone conversations, and e-mail
discussions with clam farmers for the purpose of providing information on how to access the
water quality data, providing monthly water quality graphs of archived data, how to interpret the
values, and to discuss their implication on clam production. Growers are beginning to identify
trends in environmental conditions critical to clam health and production. This information will let
the industry begin to refine and improve management practices. The need to become efficient and
cost-effective in making management decisions has become imperative as profit margins have
3.18 Provide technical assistance on the Expert Assistance and Distance Identification Network
(EADIN), a USDA-funded project that establishes protocol and implementation procedures for
the rapid distance identification of biological samples, specially focused on phytoplankton.
With Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences faculty (Phlips, Baker) continued efforts to
develop a system and protocol for rapid identification of biological samples, in particular
phytoplankton, through the EADIN: Expert Assistance and Distance Identification Network, a
USDA-funded project. Microscopes equipped with digital imagery at both the Department in
Gainesville and at the Shellfish Extension Office in Cedar Key were field-tested using the
proposed protocol and samples were archived for future reference. Further efforts to implement
this project have been stymied.
3.19 Establish a health monitoring program that will provide baseline information on important
shellfish pathogens. (Sturmer)
Participated in a week-long (January 26-30) continuing education program, entitled "Health
Management and Introduction to Shellfish Diseases," in which both public and private aquatic
health professionals in the state were introduced to shellfish issues. In addition to conducting a
workshop in Brevard County, specifically for the clam seed suppliers in the area; provided a tour
of clam aquaculture facilities in the county for program participants. During lectures and "hands-
on" laboratory sessions conducted at the Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences provided
samples of shellfish for program participants to dissect and initiate diagnostic procedures. Also
provided a presentation on the current status of clam farming and a tour of commercial clam
operations in Cedar Key. Public and private aquatic veterinarians gained expertise on current
conditions and diagnostic techniques appropriate for support of the clam industry. Prior to this
program, there were few trained shellfish pathologists in the state available to assist the industry.
Through these efforts, a better understanding was also gained by the industry of ongoing
diagnostic support as well as the development of a preliminary health monitoring program for
Provided aquatic veterinarians at the College of Veterinary Medicine (Francis-Floyd and Riggs)
with samples of cultured clams from 3 growing areas in the state during February for a "winter"
sample and during August for a "summer" sample. Baseline information on the presence and
absence of important shellfish pathogens in Florida is being determined.
3.20 Develop and coordinate at least four water quality monitoring workshops for the clam farming
Although water quality monitoring workshops were not conducted this year, continued to work
with clam growers in 7 counties in an effort to make them aware of the CLAMMRS water quality
monitoring stations. About 30%, or 49 out of 170, of the active clam growers in east central
Florida, southwest Florida and the Florida panhandle were keep informed of the latest information
on the water quality monitoring equipment and weather stations deployed at their lease areas.
Growers viewing water quality data are able to make immediate decisions on whether to plant
seed or transfer nursery seed based on current salinity and water temperature readings. Further,
the weather information recorded at the lease areas allows growers to decide if conditions are
favorable to work on their farm site.
Met with growers in Charlotte and Lee Counties and the county marine agent (Novak) to set up a
volunteer team to assist in the efforts of the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
field personnel in maintaining CLAMMRS stations at their lease areas and in collecting water
samples for validation of the chlorophyll probes. Engaged four growers from southwest Florida,
or about 5% of the industry located in this area, to participate. High fouling of the probes in this
area requires timely changing of the sondes in order to obtain valid measurements of dissolved
oxygen and other parameters.
3.21 Conduct six crop record keeping workshops for clam farmers. (Adams, Sturmer)
Reported as part of 3.11.
3.22 Provide technical assistance to the UF Whitney Lab to establish an experimental shellfish
laboratory and initiate investigations of alternative molluscan species for possible aquaculture
production. (Sturmer, Creswell)
This work has not been done. However, Leslie Sturmer continues to address questions by industry
with respect to crop insurance programs in Florida.
Continued to assist Nunez with the Department of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences and Creswell
with Florida Sea Grant in conducting spawning, larval rearing and nursery rearing trials for ark
clams at an experimental molluscan shellfish hatchery located at the UF Whitney Laboratory in a
USDA-funded project. Further, continued to collect live ponderous and blood ark clams from
several wholesalers across the state and hold for use as brood stock. These species, both
promising aquaculture candidates, naturally set in clam bags at selected lease areas. Preliminary
results were obtained by about 20%, or 5 out of 27, of the clam seed suppliers in the state. In
addition, 3 growers are participating in the study by providing a portion of their lease and time in
growing out the ark clam seed produced during these trials.
Utilizing skills learned from the St. Lucie County Agent, project staff collected broodstock of
blood ark, Anadara ovalis, and ponderous ark, Noetia ponderosa, from clam leases in St.
Augustine and Cedar Key, Florida, and successfully spawned them in the hatchery. The spawning
process and larval development were videotaped to be used in the preparation of educational
materials. Post-set juvenile arks were cultured in nursery tanks located at the hatchery. In the fall
of 2003 seed arks were distributed to clam farmers on the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic coast of
Florida to evaluate growth and survival in hard clam growout areas.
3.23 Continue development of workshops and materials to shellfish growers who are participating in
the USDA pilot crop insurance program. (Sturmer, Adams)
On 56 occasions met with growers, insurance providers, field supervisors and loss adjusters to
review various crop losses and policy provisions. Information provided included water quality
data from the CLAMMRS monitoring stations or meteorological data from the NOAA buoy
stations. At the request of the USDA Risk Management Agency met with their staff and
representatives from reinsured companies who service the clam policy in Florida to 1) discuss
problems with the policy in the state, 2) consider how to deal with insurance claims, and 3) review
risk factors and risk avoidance factors. Provided input on the identified issues of concern as well
as issues identified by growers participating in the pilot program. Provided information at the
request of RMA insurance specialists on current pricing information to use in adjusting actuarial
values. Reviewed proposed policy revisions, additions and endorsements drafted by RMA staff.
Suggested provisions to RMA staff, for example grower experience and increased reporting
requirements, that may assist in redirecting the program back to what it was intended to be.
Informed all eligible growers of the significant changes to the pilot clam crop program for crop
year 2004 through newsletter articles. Further, requested RMA staff to review policy changes at
the 2003 Hard Clam Industry Meeting. Over 55 growers and 5 reinsured company representatives
were provided with this information. Through technical support and serving as a liaison for clam
growers involved in the pilot crop insurance program was able to assist the USDA RMA in
making significant changes to the policy and actuarials. These will be under evaluation during
2004. The continuation of a sound program is necessary to assist clam growers in the event of
catastrophic losses and ultimate adoption of a permanent program to benefit U.S. aquaculture.
3.24 Develop a shellfish aquaculture research and demonstration center in Cedar Key. This will be the
first salt-water running laboratory on Florida's Gulf of Mexico that will allow UF faculty to
address the research needs of the clam farmers. (Sturmer)
The construction of a shellfish aquaculture research and demonstration facility in Cedar Key was
completed. Installation and fine-tuning the operation of a saltwater delivery system, an effluent
discharge system, aeration system, and fiberglass tanks were also completed. The facility became
operational this year, providing educational opportunities to tour groups, students, and others. In
addition, the facility was used by university faculty and students as a remote field station.
Research efforts underway are evaluation of genetic diversity in clam strains and development of
alternative molluscan shellfish species for culture.
3.25 Conduct workshops and tours on the fundamentals of shrimp farming and specific technical and
economic criteria established from data collected at the Ft. Pierce shrimp demonstration farm.
Also present and publish results from demonstration project at professional association conference
and publication. (Creswell)
Construction of the demonstration shrimp farm met with delays in construction engineering,
permitting, and administration during 2003 so that stocking of the ponds has been delayed until
spring 2004 (stocking later than July would not have provided a realistic representation of a
shrimp production cycle at the site). Despite the delays, the demonstration aquaculture farm has
made significant progress, and indeed, is being expanded for potential future use, including a
nursery greenhouse and additional pond construction. Construction to date includes: 1) land
clearing of approximately 15 acres; 2) construction of 5 acres of ponds; 3) pond interiors lined and
berms sodded; 4) electrical systems and backup generator in place; 5) storage facility for
equipment and feeds; 6) signage; and 7) 1,000 ft. artesian well. In-kind contributions to the project
during 2003 exceed $100,000. With completion of the nursery greenhouse, stocking of the ponds
is scheduled for February 2004. Inquiries about shrimp aquaculture and the project have been sent
materials, and a mailing list has been compiled for distribution at workshops scheduled in spring
3.26 Provide technical assistance that includes startup considerations to new and existing
aquaculturalists in Florida and South Alabama. (S. Jackson)
Seventeen participants registered for the Growing into the Fish Business Aquaculture program in
Crestview. Financial sponsorship for the event was provided by Three Rivers Rural Conservation
and Development Inc. and the Yellow River Soil and Water Conservation District. Programming
for this event was provided by Sea Grant Extension, Florida Division of Agriculture, and
University of West Florida Small Business Support Center. Thirteen participants evaluated the
program. All reported knowledge gained and overall satisfaction with the program quality.
3.27 Conduct annual Oyster Industry Workshop for oyster dealers, providing them with latest
technology, products and regulations. (Otwell, Mahan).
The Franklin County agent helped coordinate and teach this year's FL Oyster Industry Meeting
with Dr. Steve Otwell and Victor Garrido at the Hut Restaurant in Apalachicola in July. The focus
of the meeting was post harvest treatment options that the industry can use to help reduce the
illness rate of Vibrio vulnificus in Florida and the upcoming Interstate Shellfish Sanitation
Conference. Fourteen oyster dealers from around the state attended the meeting.
3.28 Conduct workshops for new clam farmers who are developing their farms on new clam lease sites
in the Apalachicola Bay. (Mahan, Sturmer)
The Franklin County Agent worked with Leslie Sturmer (UF/IFAS Shellfish Aquaculture Agent)
to plan, organize and teach a series of three educational workshops for the 46 clam farming
families in Franklin County and one workshop for the certified shellfish dealers in the county to
introduce them to clams. An average of 14 farmers attended each of the workshop sessions. As a
result of the dealer's marketing clams workshop, three of the dealers agreed to begin marketing
Alligator Harbor clams.
Organized and taught 2 workshops on "The Basics of Handling and Harvesting Clams" in June at
the FSU Marine Laboratory. 15 growers were introduced to the "rules of the road" that must be
followed in these activities. Information on aquaculture certification requirements, shellfish
harvesting classification and management plan for Alligator Harbor, boat and vehicle
requirements, and other state and federal rules pertaining to molluscan shellfish was provided.
Organized and taught 2 workshops on "The Basics of Processing and Marketing Farm-raised
Clams" in August. Thirteen growers and 3 wholesalers were advised about current marketing
efforts for cultured clams by staff from the Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services
(DACS), Bureau of Seafood and Aquaculture Marketing and the regulations pertaining to
harvesting, processing and distribution of clams by staff from the DACS Division of Aquaculture.
The county marine agent (Mahan) hosted these workshops. About a third of the clam growers in
Franklin County participated in these workshops. In doing so, the industry in this new growing
area gained a better understanding of these activities.
3.29 Continue to provide local workshops and technical for potential and existing clam farmers.
(Sturmer, Mahan, Novak, Combs)
(See 3.28 also.)
A forum held with clam growers, researchers and resource managers in southwest Florida during
March opened up a dialogue among these groups to determine what information is available to
clam growers, and discuss what clam growers may need to assist them in their business
operations. It is anticipated that cooperation between growers and representatives of these
institutions, universities and agencies in this area will continue as a result of this meeting in an
effort to address the clam aquaculture industry's needs. As a way of follow-up to the March
meeting, a written synopsis of each participant's program areas and activities was compiled and
provided to 43 clam growers in Charlotte and Lee Counties. The report provides information on
12 universities, institutions, and agencies, specifically pertaining to whom to contact, what
activities are being conducted, and how to access additional information via web sites. Further,
through this forum created an awareness of research needs to address summer-related mortality
problems and development of alternative management practices that can be applied to improve
clam production in subtropical conditions.
The Brevard County agent coordinated Clam-industry tour and Clam-disease Workshop with
Leslie Sturmer and Dr. Smolowitz (MIT) (38 participants), participated in clam aquaculture
management seminars with Sea Grant Clam Specialist, Leslie Sturmer, in Micco and Cocoa (25
clam farmers). Continue working with local clam farmers, clam hatcheries/nurseries.
3.30 Continue to participate in regional and national Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference
committee meetings to provide technical support to the industry. (Mahan)
The Franklin County Agent attended the Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference's Biennial
Meeting in Portland, Oregon. During the meeting the agent provided technical information to Gulf
of Mexico oyster industry representatives and participated in committee assignments (Biotoxin,
Post-Harvest treatment, Education, and Vibrio vulnificus Education Subcommittee). A total of 175
people from the ISSC's 28-member states in addition to members representing shellfish
producers, regulators and scientists for Canada, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, and Taiwan attended
3.31 Provide educational programs on aquaculture to local k-12 teachers. (Creswell, Mahan, Stevely,
This program was not conducted due to a change in science teachers at Apalachicola High School.
The new science teachers at the school were not interested in doing aquaculture education.
The Aquaculture Agent assisted the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission staff, the
Suwannee River Water Management District staff, and the City of Cedar Key by providing
educational materials and displays on clam farming for various school groups touring Cedar Key.
Continued to assist the Cedar Key High School Marine Biology class in maintaining small plots
within the Levy County management lease agreement in the Gulf of Mexico for farming clams.
Participated in Career Fair at the Hilltop Alternative School in Bronson. Provided a 1-page
description about the occupation of clam farmer with information on educational requirements,
skills level, related jobs, and salary range to 35 high school juniors and seniors. Finally,
introduced 20 juniors and seniors from the Alle High School to clam farming by giving a
presentation and a tour of several shore-based commercial facilities in Cedar Key.
The St. Lucie County Agent did not complete this objective due to lack of funds for teacher in-
Goal 4: Improve the Product Quality and Safety of Florida's Seafood Products
4.6 Convened an industry Steering Committee to develop handbooks on HACCP and "variances" for
retail processing of foods. Participants include representatives from most major retail supermarket
chains (Krogers, HEB, Wal-Mart, Publix, Winn Dixie), various national trade associations (Food
Marketing Inst., National Restaurant Assoc., Assoc. Food & Drug Official, Conf. Food
Protection, and National Food Processors Assoc.), and individual expertise from selected state
agencies and academic programs (over 12 universities involved). Six Retail Advisories (Sushi,
Smoked Seafood, Reduce Oxygen Packaging, Fresh Juices, Fresh Cut Produce and Specialty
Meats) are currently in development through assigned Subcommittees. The anticipated products
will be made available in text and on the AFDO website for use by all segments of the nation's
retail industry that are processing foods in retail settings, plus for guidance of regulatory programs
in every state. (Otwell)
The project was completed with production of 9 Guides for Processing of Foods in Retail
Operations. The Guides include advice, illustrations and recording forms to direct commercial
retail practices in processing of Sushi, Smoked Seafood, Reduced Oxygen Packaged Seafood,
Fresh-cut Produce, Fresh Juices, Cured & Smoked Ham, Cured & Smoked Sausage, Fermented &
Dried Sausage, and Beef Jerky. The Guides were compiled, reviewed and indorsed by technical
advisory committees including participation by major, national and regional supermarket chains
(Krogers, Wal-Mart, HEB), including Winn Dixie and Publix based in Florida; plus the respective
regulatory programs with federal and state based authority (FDA, USDA and numerous State
Departments of Agriculture), the retail trade associations (Food Marketing Institute, National
Restaurant Association, etc) and collaborating academic expertise.
The Guides are being posted on the national website for the Association of Food & Drug Officials
(AFDO) for reference by all state agencies and pertinent retail operations.
4.7 Trials continue with post harvest treatment (PHT) methods in actual commercial settings in
Apalachicola, FL to determine potential utility in Florida. A survey of the entire Florida oyster
processing industry has been completed to assess commercial capacity to adopt mandated PHTs.
Methods under investigation include freezing, high pressure, cool pasteurization and irradiation.
The oyster PHT program involves significant efforts in advancing the implementation of
mandated post harvest treatment methods to reduce potential microbial pathogens in oysters
destined for raw consumption. Accomplishments to date include: 1) completion of an industry
survey to record the initial capacity for PHT in current operations. The survey will serve as the
benchmark to measure industry performance in order to meeting pending regulatory goals dictated
through 2008. The initial survey indicates the Florida oyster industry will be able to comply with
the first regulatory goal for potential PHT capacity set for December 2005. The project is ahead of
regulatory expectations; 2) an assessment of all existing and potential PHT options has been
completed relative to the values and character of oyster operations in Florida. The results
suggested freezing as the most appropriate approach if it can be employed in a manner to
effectively reduce the pathogens at a reasonable cost. The assessment involving site visits the
existing PHT operations and performance calculations. The compared results were given to the
industry and the commercial advisory board for the project in support of decisions to proceed with
freezing trials. 3) validation of freezing methods, both ultra -freezing and blast freezing as
appropriate methods to suit the commercial character in Florida have been proceeding monthly
since Summer 2003. Results indicate certain cost-effective freezing methods will suit regulatory
guidelines. Commercial adaptation is addressing issues involving storage and economics of
marketing from a frozen inventory; 4) technical support is being established with the design and
location of a microbial certification lab in Apalachicola. The build space for the lab was provided
by the Franklin County Commissioners through cooperation with the County Extension Director
& local Sea Grant Agent, Bill Mahan. The lab services are intended to provide evidence for
commercial performance in the order of certificates that can accompany commercial invoices. The
utility of this lab is beginning necessary verifications with rapid analytical procedures, i.e., real
time PCR, in collaboration with FDA and the FL Department of Agriculture; and 5) concurrent
sensory assessments for the PHT oysters involve a very extensive Sensory Profile project funded
by the Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Program (ISSC). University of Florida is heading the project
with collaboration from Louisiana State University, Mississippi State University, and Oregon
State University. This collaboration is being maintained by a first-every-attempted 'virtual
sensory training' program based on internet connections during the Fall 2004. This form of virtual
training could set the stage for future collaborative sensory programs for all seafood across USA.
4.8 Conduct annual international Shrimp School for industry and agencies. (Otwell)
The Annual UF/Sea Grant Shrimp School included attendance by 30 participants representing 20
processing firms from 9 nations with shrimp commerce based in the USA. The school was taught
jointly with the FDA. The school is recognized as the leading school for education and training in
shrimp quality and safety about the world. The school has been invited to conduct similar sessions
about the nation and world. Attendance for 2004 and 2005 already exceeds available space. The
UF Shrimp School represents the benchmark for training about the nation and world.
4.9 Conduct annual hard Clam School for industry and agencies. (Otwell)
No clam school conducted in 2003.
4.10 Conduct annual Oyster School for industry and agencies. (Otwell)
Oyster schools are provided quarterly as project progress reports in conjunction with the PHT
project and as part of the periodic meetings for the Industry Advisory Board for the Oyster PHT
projects funded by the USDA.
4.11 Continue role as National Coordinator role for the Seafood HACCP Alliance that has provided
seafood safety training for all federal FDA seafood inspectors in the nation, most state based
inspectors and over 90% of all nationally based seafood processing firms, plus over 5,000
international participants from 30 nations. The training now includes the traditional 3-day
HACCP courses and 1.5 day sanitation courses taught biannually in Florida, plus a special one-
day support course taught for individuals that complete an established Internet course developed
by the Seafood HACCP Alliance based at Comell. (Otwell)
The Seafood HACCP Alliance remains the national training program for mandated HACCP for
seafood processing and importing in the United States. Training through 2003 occurred in every
state in the nation, every USA territory, and over 20 nations shipping seafood to the USA. The
course in both classroom settings and through the internet serves as the benchmark for seafood
HACCP training for any seafood commerce and it satisfies mandatory training requirements for
inspectors in both the State and Federal regulatory programs. The Alliance HACCP publications,
based and distributed from the University of Florida with coordination with the FL Sea Grant
Program, remain the most successful and demanded UF/IFAS publications.
4.12 Continue to serve on a technical committee developing an innovative, interactive Internet system
recently titled, "Fish Port" (based on main frame ECOPORT). This technology support system
is being developed in collaboration with FAO/World Health Organization. The next meeting and
developments occur in Iceland in June 2003. (Otwell)
The FAO "FishPort" program remains in the development stages. The FL Sea Grant Seafood
Specialist serves on the Technical Board of Program Directors trying to advance the program
across international users. Planning meetings were held in Rome during September 2003.
4.15 Continue in leadership positions with number of seafood technology organizations. (Otwell)
4.15.1 National Seafood HACCP Alliance, 2001-2003, National Coordinator
4.15.2 Seafood Sciences & Technology Society of the America's, Executive Director
4.15.3 U.S. Representative to International Assn. of Fish Inspectors
4.15.4 National Academy of Science's Committee on the "Use of Scientific Criteria and Performance
Standards for Safe Food."
All listed assignments (4.15.1 4.15.4) required attention through 2003.
4.16 Coordinate workshops and seminars at local festivals that provide home seafood consumers with
seafood safety information. (Sweat)
Presented seafood consumers with seafood safety information at Homosassa and Cortez seafood
festivals and St. Petersburg Boat Show.
Goal 5: Increase the Economic Competitiveness and Environmental
Sustainability of Coastal Water-Dependent Businesses
5.3 There is a need among state and local decision makers to achieve effective sustainable
development solutions that resolve conflicts between boating and the environment of Florida's
urban bays and waterways. This project will develop Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
technology to educate decision makers, planners, and the boating industry. (Spranger/Swett: PD-
The program goal was to provide science-based information, planning models, innovative tools
and methods to state and local decision-makers that help balance waterway use with coastal
resource conservation. Applied research and outreach, combined with Geographic Information
Technologies (GIT) were used to educate state and local decision-makers and planners about the
impacts of the boating public, and to provide potential solutions in conflict areas. Several efforts
were completed using a multidisciplinary team that included geographers, biologists, planners,
and marine extension agents.
I. Develop and disseminate boating guidelines used to implement anchorage and waterway plans
that protect critically endangered resources while allowing for sustainable use.
A) A Five-Year (2002-07) Strategic Plan was developed for the West Coast Inland Navigation
District (WCIND). The plan presents goals and objectives for priority areas that encompass the
broad range of WCIND responsibilities to the Southwest Florida community as mandated in
Florida Statues, Chapter 374 (2000) and Florida Laws 98-526 (1998). The document was
developed with the dual purpose of providing 1) agency planning guidance, and 2) the public with
an easy to read and understandable document that describes the many community benefits derived
from maintaining waterways and beaches.
B) Three Regional Waterway Management System instructional workshops were held for
personnel from the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP), including the
Environmental Administrator, Aquatic Preserve managers, Environmental Specialists, and
Biologists; the Executive Director of the West Coast Inland Navigation District; and county
representatives. The FDEP has adopted the regional waterway management system protocol
through a memorandum of understanding. An outcome of the system will be to reduce
maintenance dredging permitting delays and expense while minimizing environmental impacts.
C) A Regional Waterway Management System workshop was held to instruct the Lee County
Natural Resources Manager and five staff, and the Executive Director of the West Coast Inland
Navigation District, on the methods used to collect field data, the information content of the GIS
datasets delivered, and the analytical results obtained. The Lee County Division of Natural
Resources uses, on a daily basis, the Florida Sea Grant Regional Waterway Management System
and the accompanying geographic information data sets to prioritize their management activities,
the siting of waterway signs, and planning for maintenance dredging in the most ecologically
sensitive and cost-effective manner possible.
D) A Marine Protected Areas needs assessment focus group facilitated by the NOAA Coastal
Services Center was attended. The goal of the focus group was to identify current needs of and
possible roles for a National Marine Protected Areas Center.
E) Two workshops were conducted to determine existing data needs and applications for boat and
boater information: at the Florida Wildlife Conservation Commission Florida Marine Research
Institute in St. Petersburg and at the International Game Fish Association Hall of Fame in Dania,
Florida. Attendance totaled 50 individuals representing a wide range of interests that included law
enforcement, county government (natural resources, tax collectors,) inland navigation districts, the
marine industry association, and private data vendors. The results obtained from the workshops
and the coalitions formed will be used to implement changes in the way that boater information is
collected at the state and county level.
F) A 'data rescue' project titled "Information Resources (IR)-Coastal Data and Information: A
Coastal Data Server System for the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway and Adjoining Bay Waters of
Southwest Florida," which is sponsored by the NOAA Coastal Services Center was initiated.
G) ArcView GIS training in coastal resource management applications was provided in Fort
Myers to staff members of the Florida Department of Environment South District and to Aquatic
Preserve managers. Ten persons were in attendance. The training is part of a process to develop a
Noticed General Permit for maintenance of Lee County waterways that is based on three
completed applications of the Regional Waterway Management System in Lee County.
II. Prepare detailed evaluations of the current state of Florida's recreational anchorages and
waterways; to monitor rural, suburban, and urban locations; and to design management tools, such
as water use zones, to reduce negative environmental impacts and conflicts between boaters and
A) The fourth phase of the Charlotte Harbor Recreational Boating Characterization, for the
Florida Wildlife Conservation Commission Florida Marine Research Institute was completed.
B) A project was initiated to determine the utility of Florida's Vessel Title Registration System
(VTRS) to accurately locate vessel and characterize boat populations in Florida (See 5.4).
C) The State of Florida added a new administrative code "Chapter 62-341.490 Noticed General
Permits for Dredging by the West Coast Inland Navigation District (WCIND)." The rule applies
to fifty Manatee and Sarasota county trafficsheds with high priority maintenance dredging needs
as identified in four FSG applications of the Regional Waterway Management System: TP-83,
TD-1, TD-2, and TD-2a. To qualify for the general permit, the rule explicitly states that
environmental restoration or enhancement projects must comply with the science-based
procedures and methods of the FSG Regional Waterway Management System (RWMS) outlined
in the four FSG technical documents listed above. The general permit will result in savings in real
dollars and staff time.
III. Prepare comprehensive waterway system management plans.
A) Two separate applications of the Regional Waterway Management System (RWMS), which
address a principal waterway management issue in Florida-balancing phenomenal growth in the
boating population with conservation and management of coastal and marine resources were
completed. The third and final phase of the Lee County RWMS was competed, covering the
Caloosahatchee River and adjoining canal systems and tributaries; the remaining portion of
Manatee County was finished for Bishop Harbor, the tidal Braden River, and the upper Manatee
River. Both counties and the WCIND were provided with GIS applications, information, tables,
and maps for approximately 343 miles of navigable waterways, 15,524 boats, 31,692 moorings,
15,815 shore facilities, 3,553 boating-related signs, and channel centerline depths. The RWMS
provides the counties with a planning tool and decision options to prioritize and evaluate
management alternatives on a regional scale.
B) Completed a manual of methods and procedures for the Regional Waterway Management
System (RWMS) that details the necessary procedures to complete a RWMS for Florida's coastal
canals and waterways. The purpose of the Regional Waterway Management System is to provide
the WCIND and coastal counties with a scientific approach that allows for boat channel
maintenance while protecting resources.
C) A project sponsored by the NOAA Coastal Services Center to enhance and standardize field
collection methods for bathymetric data was completed. This standardization will assist the
coastal resource community's management of southwest Florida's waterways. The goals of the
project were to 1) enhance and standardize the bathymetric data collection procedures in use by
the West Coast Inland Navigation District and Florida Sea Grant during prior implementations of
the Regional Waterway Management Project; 2) to provide a reliable and recurring source of
bathymetric data for areas not covered by NOAA surveys, while ensuring the data meet NOAA
standards for inclusion on NOAA nautical charts; and 3) to evaluate survey equipment and
procedures for use by third-party organizations such as the Coast Guard Auxiliary or U.S. Power
Supply Squadrons when collecting bathymetric data for the West Coast Inland Navigation District
or the Florida Sea Grant.
IV. Develop educational materials, including maps and related products, that foster stewardship
and a better understanding of boating geography, and that encourage better resource use practices.
A) 4000 copies of A Historical Geography of Southwest Florida Waterways, Volume 2: Placida
Harbor to Marco Island were published. This new book (FSG document SGEB-56), a companion
to Volume 1: Anna Maria Sound to Lemon Bay (SGEB-47), published in 1999, extends the first
volume's study area seamlessly to the south and up the Caloosahatchee River. The emphasis is on
Pine Island Sound, Charlotte Harbor, Estero Bay, Naples, Marco Island, the Caloosahatchee
River, and 17 inlets. Content includes historical development of waterways, inlet dynamics (with
detailed maps and histories of the presently open passes), altering the Caloosahatchee for land and
water development, and how historic maps are used in modem computer systems. Copies were
provided to elected and appointed officials and state/county/municipal government staff in the
B) A pilot study mapped the historic extent of oyster reefs in Little Sarasota Bay for the Sarasota
Bay National Estuary Program (SBNEP).
C) A project concept was developed to improve the navigation/habitat river/waterway
management system for the Caloosahatchee River/Okeechobee Waterway. There are some 40
detached, remnant river meanders and oxbows in a state of deterioration due to poor water
circulation and upland land use. The system is in a collapse mode due to low water levels in Lake
Okeechobee, which have also restricted cross-Florida boat traffic. The Okeechobee is a federal
project under the aegis of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, but there is no local sponsor. Lee
County staff were assisted in developing a resolution that the Board of County Commissioners
adopted, calling for Lee County as local sponsor, and requesting the Florida Congressional
Delegation to direct the Corps of Engineers to undertake a reconnaissance survey of the
waterway. The County has also requested assistance from FSG and the Southwest Florida
Regional Planning Council in coordinating management and institutional networking elements.
This effort was undertaken with the collaboration of the Caloosahatchee River Citizens
Association (River Watch) and the Southwest Florida Marine Industries Association.
5.4 Complete a 17-month collaborative effort with local, regional, and State entities, including the
Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Marine Research Institute (FMRI); the
Florida Marine Patrol; and the Marine Trade Association of Florida, to enhance the content of and
linkage between existing databases, such as the Florida Vessel Title Registration System, for use
in inventory, management, and planning tools. The techniques to be developed have the potential
to replace or augment existing field survey methods used for the Regional Waterway Management
System. (Swett, Sidman: R/C-P-25PD)
The study area encompassed over 12,000 salt-water accessible parcels in Lee and Manatee
Counties. For the study, a total of 5023 vessels were logged during on-the-water boat censuses
and 6970 VTRS records were linked to study area parcels based on vessel owner mailing
addresses contained in the VTRS and physical address information contained within county parcel
and street reference datasets. VTRS records that corresponded to on-water-census (OWC) vessels
were determined based on registrant information and OWC vessel characteristics logged in the
field, such as bow numbers and vessel make/model. Overall, the congruency proportion for the
study area was approximately .438-that is, a perfect match between the VTRS record and an
OWC vessel occurred 43.8% of the time. The propensity for VTRS/OWC congruence was
statistically similar in both counties. A link to a VTRS record was established for 84% of OWC
vessels; in contrast, a corresponding link was established for only 44% of the 6970 VTRS records.
The results, in conjunction with the phone survey described below, indicate that the VTRS was
more reliable in capturing a greater proportion of the boat population that resided within the study
A telephone survey of 490 respondents provided the basis to estimate, for the study area, the
proportion of the boat population that (1) the VTRS accurately reflects, (2) the proportion that the
VTRS would miss, and (3) the proportion that would result in false positives (e.g., boats
improperly assigned to the study area). Population proportions were derived for five separate
cases to allow for better assessment of the VTRS. Case one observations included instances when
a VTRS record geocoded to the physical address of a study area parcel (or street), but no
corresponding OWC was logged; Case two observations included instances when an OWC vessel
was logged at a parcel, but no corresponding VTRS record geocoded to the parcel physical
address; Case three treats situations where a VTRS record matched the characteristics of an OWC
vessel (e.g., vessel registration number), but geocoded to a different location; Case four includes
instances when a VTRS vessel record matched a parcel owner's mailing address (as opposed to
the parcel physical address), but no corresponding OWC boat was logged at the parcel; and Case
five includes 'null' parcels-those parcel where no OWC vessel was logged and to which no
VTRS record was linked by either the parcel physical address or the parcel owner's mailing
An analysis of the telephone survey results indicates that the VTRS can be relied on to provide the
correct geographic location (e.g., parcel where the vessel is moored) for 80-82 percent of the boat
population that normally would be kept within the study area. Using the VTRS, an additional
quantity of boats (6-7%) would be incorrectly assigned to the study area (false positives).
The results demonstrate that the VTRS is a more than adequate replacement for an on-the-water
census (OWC) of boats, as described below. There were 4104 OWC vessels for which a draft
value was recorded (DRAFT), thus allowing them to be used in the draft analysis; 3024 matched a
VTRS record (DRAFTC) and 1080 did not (DRAFTNC). The distributions of all three
populations were determined to be non-normal and they appeared largely uni-modal and
positively skewed. There was no statistical difference at the 95 percent confidence level in the
means, medians, or distributions when comparing all OWC vessel drafts (DRAFT) to the subset
of OWC vessels that matched a VTRS record (DRAFTC). The same result held when comparing
vessel drafts within each of 43 trafficsheds (boat source) located in the study area. In all cases
(i.e., trafficsheds), there was sufficient statistical evidence to suggest that the means, medians, and
distributions of the variables DRAFT and DRAFTNC were not significantly different from one
another at the 95 percent confidence level.
Two workshops were held to determine existing VTRS-related data needs and applications for
boat and boater information; one in St. Petersburg and the other in Ft. Lauderdale. Attending were
50 individuals representing a wide range of interests that included law enforcement, county
government (natural resources, tax collectors,) inland navigation districts, the marine industry
association, and private data vendors. Four principal types of information requirements/issues
were identified: vessel locations, data standards and consistency, data accessibility, and vessel
Workshop participants suggested a few strategies to obtain boat- and boater-related information.
Most strategies mentioned will not succeed alone, but need to be implemented in concert with
other approaches. Accessing vessel registration information through the DHMSV is a
cumbersome process. A potential solution is to provide on-line web access to VTRS information.
If the DHSMV is unable to institute this solution, a possible remedy is for a third party entity,
such as Florida Sea Grant, to establish an agreement with the DHSMV and provide an access
point to vessel information. Prior to employing such a strategy a number of topics need to be
addressed: including potential legal ramifications and implementation costs. Caution was urged
before attempting to request additional information during the vessel registration process. Some
participants argued that too much information is currently requested when registering/renewing
vessels. A suggested solution is to encode more data (e.g., draft, make/model) within the hull
identification number (HIN). This would reduce the amount of information that is requested
directly from registrants and, theoretically, would help standardize and increase data reliability.
To provide information not contained within the VTRS, potential linkages (cross-references) to
other databases should be explored. Commercial databases (e.g., BUC, ABOS, Boats.com) often
have detailed vessel information that may be accessed by linking key fields (e.g., make and
model) contained within the VTRS.
Alternative methods to collect information at the county or state level should be examined.
Potential efforts, which can be implemented as pilot studies, include supplemental information
forms with registration mail-outs or implementation of Web-based registration forms that include
voluntary input of information.
There is a diversity of groups whose support will be necessary to implement changes in current
data collection techniques. Resistance is to be expected and, thus, a marketing/public relations
effort will be necessary to demonstrate the need for and benefits of any proposed changes. An
objective of the workshops was to develop a statewide coalition to 'champion' the cause that
includes participants from various sectors, such as law enforcement, marine industry, homeland
security, resource management, tourism, tax collection, and the insurance industry.
Specific recommendations include the following:
Owner Address: A boat owner who changes address is required to provide the State with the new
address and check the Address Correction box on the decal renewal form. If the box is not
checked, the new address will not be recorded in the State file. Eliminate the box and always
check to see if an address has changed.
Propulsion: Categories are not mutually exclusive. Example-a common class of sailboat is
auxiliary-powered. The classification allows for sail (only), inboard, outboard, but no combination
(i.e. sail inboard, sail outboard). Allow for combinations.
Manufacturer Name-Limitless variations in the spelling of the manufacturer names exist in the
VTRS. This impedes linking the State file with BUC and other national boat indexing systems,
and with marine internet databases. Standardize the naming convention.
Location: Include the street address where the boat is located for wet slip boats, or the principal
waterway and ramp used by trailered boats.
Type: Characterize boat into meaningful pleasure boat categories (e.g., row, day sail, cruise sail,
race sail, speed, fish, cabin cruise, etc.)
Draft: Make entry of draft mandatory. Include Sail (fixed keel, centerboard (up/down), power
Use: Power engine hours (month/year); sail days (month/year).
Address elements: Separate out address elements when entering the data within the VTRS.
Conform to standard US Postal service address elements (prefix, house number, etc).
Error checking: Implement error checking routines where possible (e.g. suffixes, street names,
The project analysis provided a statistically valid assessment of the proportion of the boat
population within coastal residential canals and waterways that can be accurately mapped using
the Florida Vessel Title Registration System. In particular, the project provides measures that
allow the use of the VTRS for planning and management applications that require knowledge of
vessel locations and characteristics. The availability of this information is important given the
rapid increase in the number of boats in Florida and their environmental impacts and social
effects. Comprehensive, up-to-date, accurate, and spatially-referenced boat population data
facilitates planning efforts to sustain Florida's economic vitality and natural environment, while
allowing for recreational boating uses. Prior efforts to characterize the boating population, boat-
use patterns, and boat locations in Florida have relied on expensive, time-consuming survey
methods that include aerial surveys, mail and telephone surveys, and on-the-water censuses by
GPS-equipped field crews. The study proves that the VTRS can be a reliable and cost-effective
source of spatially-based boating information. In particular, the study demonstrates that the VTRS
is preferable to an on-the-water census for categorizing coastal boat populations.
5.7 A sample survey of recreational boats in prominent Manatee County marinas and waterways will
be completed to (1) determine rates of change in the location and types of recreational vessels and
(2) categorize the transient boater population. (Swett, Sidman)
A sample of vessels inventoried as part of the Manatee County Regional Waterway Management
System were resurveyed, using an analysis of 1990 U.S. Census Data to select a stratified sample
of Manatee County boat trafficsheds on the basis of socio-demographic considerations. Over 2500
vessels were re-surveyed within 15 canal systems and at 13 prominent marinas. The survey
information is being used to (1) update existing boat locations and characteristics, (2) add the
locations and characteristics of 'new' boats or boats not present during the initial census, and (3)
determine rates of change in the location and types of vessels. The resurvey is part of a research
effort, funded by Florida Sea Grant and the Florida Marine Research Institute, to determine the
utility of Florida's Vessel Title Registration System to accurately locate and characterize Florida's
boat and boater populations (See 5.4).
5.8 Cooperative work with the Florida Marine Research Institute will be completed by conducting a
boating characterization study for Tampa and Sarasota Bays. The study will include a survey of
8000 recreational boaters to estimate boat traffic potential for Tampa and Sarasota Bays as a
function of trip origins, destinations, and travel routes. (Sidman, Swett)
A Recreational Boating Characterization for Tampa and Sarasota Bays was completed. This
project goal was to characterize the preferences, activities, and use-patterns of Tampa Bay and
Sarasota Bay boater populations. A map-based questionnaire was mailed to a random sample of
6800 area boaters. The boater population was stratified first by County (Sarasota, Manatee,
Hillsborough, Pinellas) and second, by trip origin type (marina wet-slip, dry-storage facility,
ramp, private dock). Over 2000 questionnaire recipients marked the start and end point of their
last two recreational boating trips, traced their travel routes, identified their favorite boating
destinations, and the primary activities that they engaged in while at a particular destination. Data
collected from returned surveys was digitized into a GIS. This information is to be used for
resource management and planning applications, and as the basis for developing map-based
products intended to improve boating experiences and instill resource stewardship.
5.9 A workshop will be held in support of a National Sea Grant initiative to develop a national
strategy on dredging shallow draft harbors and waterways. Workshop objectives are to (1) build a
constituency and gather information about the dredging needs for shallow draft navigation
projects, (2) add information to state-of-the knowledge reports, (3) and gather ideas and input to a
proposed national dredging strategy. (Swett)
Rhode Island Sea Grant, project leader for the National Dredge Initiative, opted to conduct a
Web-based questionnaire to obtain stakeholder input instead of hosting regional workshops.
5.10 Technical and scientific support will be provided to local, regional and state governments, in
implementing regional waterway management efforts. Thirty community leaders will be educated
through three workshops, one extension bulletin, five meetings with state and local governments,
and 15 individual consultations and meetings. (Swett, Antonini)
a) Florida Sea Grant and the Tampa Bay Estuary Program hosted a workshop for regulatory and
governmental personnel from the Tampa Bay area (30 present). The purpose was to present and
discuss the historical and contemporary waterway analysis methods developed by Sea Grant for
southwest Florida and the implementation of General Environmental Resource Permitting for
maintenance dredging by the state of Florida. A roundtable discussion was held to consider the
application of Sea Grant methods in the Tampa Bay region. As a result of the workshop volume
three of the Historical Geography series was to be produced for the Tampa Bay area.
b) ArcView GIS training in coastal resource management applications was provided in Fort
Myers to staff members of the Florida Department of Environment South District and to Aquatic
Preserve managers. Ten persons were in attendance. The training is part of a process to develop a
Noticed General Permit for maintenance of Lee County waterways that is based on three
completed applications of the Regional Waterway Management System in Lee County.
c) Extension bulletin: The Boating and Waterway Management Program: Working for Sustainable
Boating and Coastal Communities. SGEP 151, Florida Sea Grant.
5.11 The Florida Sea Grant model for waterway management and state policy modifications will be
presented at a special National Sea Grant session of the Coastal Zone 2003 conference titled
Dredging for Recreational Ports and Harbors: Changing the Policy Paradigm. (Swett)
"Florida Regional Waterway Management Model, A New Approach," invited presentation at
Coastal Zone '03, Baltimore, 13-17 July 2003.
5.12 Presentations on boating related coastal waterway management will be made at the Biennial
Coastal GeoTools '03 Conference in Charleston, South Carolina. (Swett, Sidman)
"Determining the Utility of Florida's Vessel Title Registration System to Characterize Florida's
Boat and Boating Populations," presented at GeoTools '03, Charleston, South Carolina, 6-9
5.14 A Florida Sea Grant extension bulletin will be developed to show the benefits of undertaking
waterway improvements statewide using Notice General Permit and regional waterway
management approach. (Swett)
Bulletin was completed in 2004.
5.15 A conference sponsored by Florida Sea Grant, the Southwest Florida Marine Industries
Association, and the West Coast Inland Navigation District will examine the problems and issues
in providing water access and maintaining water dependent uses in Florida's coastal areas.
A two-day conference was held in November 2003 on Captiva Island. More than 100 resource
managers, marina operators, coastal property owners, boaters and developers attended this
meeting. Attendees come from all parts of Florida, and five states. Discussions are now underway
to hold a regional or national conference on the issue in 2005.
"Recreational Boating Characterization for Tampa and Sarasota Bays," presented at the Water
Access-Water Dependent Use Conference, Sanibel Island, Florida, 6-7 November 2003.
5.16 Continue working with Clean Boating Partnership that will establish 100 clean marina
designations and 25 clean boatyard designations in 2003. (Combs, Crane, Creswell, Diller, S.
Jackson, McGuire, Novak, Stevely, Sweat, Verlinde, Wasno Spranger, Jackson).
Participated as member of the Clean Boating Partnership State Advisory Committee. Attended
quarterly meetings of the partnership and served as member of the education, marketing and
promotion committee. In 2003 78 clean marinas and 23 clean boatyards have been designated,
with more than 130 in process. (Spranger)
The Dade County agent worked with Miami-Dade County marinas and a total of eight marine
facilities have implemented one or more of the program's BMP as measured by phone survey and
site visit. After a workshop and several site visits, two marinas are ready to become certified as
"Clean Marinas: in Miami-Dade County. They were certified officially in February 2004.
The Escambia County agent was speaker at a Clean Marina/Boatyard Workshop for marinas in
the Florida Panhandle. Assistance was provided by Rod and Reel Marina in Pensacola as they
worked to achieve designation. Best management practices were taught for boaters and free
lifejackets provided to those who signed the Clean Boating Pledge at the Pensacola Boat Show.
Don Jackson attended all quarterly meetings of the Clean Boating Partnership, chaired the Visions
Committee, and made presentations on two topics (1. Monofilament Line Recycling Containers -
200 now being constructed and paid for by the CBP, and 2. Presentation on bilge socks $35,000
worth now purchased and being distributed through clean marinas statewide).
The Monroe County agent provided Hurricane Hole Marina with Clean Marina materials and
assistance with making progress in obtaining a "Clean Marina" designation.
Conducted seven Clean Marina site visits and participated in four Clean Marina reviews.
Represented Sea Grant and spoke at six Clean Marina Designations in NE Florida. Made Clean
Marina presentations to Florida Association of Environmental Professionals (NE region) and
Leadership Nassau. The Clean Marina Program was included as part of another 37 presentations
to a variety of audiences.
The Central Florida agent provided information to Magic Manatee Marina to assist them in
procurement of Clean Marina designation.
Provided Clean Marina information to Santa Rosa Boat and Yacht Club. The marina was
designated a clean marina in 2003.
Clean Boating Partnership- Conducted eight marina reviews with program partners Florida Dept
of Environmental Protection and Marine Industries association-Ft Myers. Three marinas were
designated Clean Marinas in Lee and Collier Counties. Conducted an open-house style workshop
for all marinas not involved in the program. Twenty-seven marinas attended the day-long
workshop. All marinas attending signed the marina pledge card towards becoming a Clean
The St. Lucie County Agent participated in two "recruitment" workshops attended by marina
managers and served on four evaluating teams for designation of clean marinas and boatyards.
Workshops were conducted to introduce marine and boatyard operators to the "Clean Marina
Program", establish certification criteria, and distribute program literature. Follow-up visits were
conducted for each facility that entered the 18 month program. A certification inspection was
carried out by the agent, Florida DEP staff, and a representative of the Marine Industries
Association, followed by a public designation program.
Clean Marina program, Brevard Sea Grant: (1) Patrick Air Force Base, Manatee Cove Marina,
was designated a Clean Marina/Clean Boatyard. Assisted Mr. Steve Peffer, Brevard County Asst.
County Manager in drafting a Resolution, for the Brevard County Commissioners, resolution
recognized the five clean marinas and two clean boatyards in Brevard County. Each facility was
presented large, framed Resolutions by Commissioners. Provided on-going assistance to
approximately a dozen local marinas as they pursue Clean Marina/Clean Boatyard designation.
Obtained commitment from Brevard County Commission Marine Advisory Council (BCCMAC)
to include specific identification of Clean Marinas on charts in their Brevard Boating Guide, to be
published soon. Working with Clean Boating Partnership and Rockledge High School in grant-
funded ($2500 from Clean Boating Partnership) purchase of materials, and construction by 80
Rockledge High students of up to 100 Monofilament Recovery bins, to be awarded by Clean
Boating Partnership to Clean Marinas around the state of Florida. Invited "Presenter" concerning
Clean Marina Program (with co-presenters, Jan Delaney and Charles Johnson, FDEP/DLE) at
annual Pollution Prevention Conference, Orlando, approximately 100 attendees educated.
5.17 Develop and distribute a manual for boaters that will provide information on how to prepare their
boat for severe storms or hurricanes. (Crane)
A 17 page Hurricane Manual for Marine Interests for recreational boaters was developed with a
grant from the Miami-Dade County Office of Emergency Management. The manual includes
information on the nature of hurricanes as well as actions to take prior to, during, and after a
hurricane strike. The manual also includes a boat owner's preparation checklist, resource directory
for Law Enforcement and Marine Patrol, drawbridge operational procedures, and hurricane storm
surge evacuation zones for Miami-Dade County. 14,000 copies have been distributed to marinas,
boatyards, boating and fishing clubs, marine supply stores, and at boat shows.
5.18 Continue developing educational programs and materials on impacts of feeding large fish to
pelicans at marine-related facilities. (Crane)
Pelican posters printed on 5-gallon yellow buckets were given to boaters/anglers at boat ramps
and fishing events. Of the 72 anglers who responded to a mailed survey, 43% said they had gained
knowledge on not to feed large fish bones to pelicans. About 133 English and 16 Spanish pelican
posters were distributed to marinas, boat ramps, and other marine facilities. Volunteers distributed
an additional 200 signs to bird/wildlife hospitals and sanctuaries statewide.
5.19 Develop a recreational guide that will educate boaters about local waterway issues, such as
manatee zones, shorebird nesting areas, right whales, and exotic species, while also providing
them with a navigational aid for boating. (McGuire, Novak)
Prepared text and secured funding for a boater and angler guide for Duval County. Continuing to
work with FMRI to develop the complete guide.
5.20 Design a boater component to the Florida Yards and Neighborhoods Program. (Stevely, Antonini)
During 2003 Dr. Antonini and Stevely arranged for approximately $120,000 for production of
Volume 3 (Tampa Bay) of the Southwest Florida Watering Historical Geography series. This was
to provide an important resource to augment the Florida Yards and Neighborhoods Program. Due
to tragic death of Dr. Antonini in early 2004, the future of this program is uncertain. Not
Coastal Ecosystem Health and Public Safety
Goal 6: Protect and Enhance Coastal Water Quality and Safety
6.3 Pursue resources to support an in-service training program for extension agents on specific
aspects of how activities in watersheds affect water quality (Jacoby)
Watershed water quality: non-point source pollution IST 23036 attracted 25 county faculty who
work on agriculture, natural resources and coastal issues. The IST raised the participants
knowledge by 30% according to pre and post-tests, and faculty will use this information to create
educational programs (38%), address watershed issues in counties (25%), and address regulatory
issues (19%). Participants agreed on the need for further in-service training, which are being
6.4 Explore partnerships with education and outreach personnel from the Water Management
Districts, National Estuary Programs and National Estuarine Research Reserves. (Jacoby)
Several meetings were held to discuss potential partnerships. Partnerships were formed to create
extension products and activities dealing with coastal issues associated with the Comprehensive
Everglades Restoration Plan and invasive species.
6.5 Develop an interdisciplinary workshop for extension agents that focus on the rural/urban issues.
The urban-wildland interface IST 23009 was held. It attracted 20 county faculty and generated a
set of recommendations to be used by developers of the Harmony subdivision.
6.7 Work with volunteers and local community leaders to develop water quality monitoring programs.
(Diller, S. Jackson, Verlinde)
Stormwater education was presented to Blue Angel Lake homeowners association in Pensacola.
The association was assisted in joining the Florida Lakewatch Program as a way to sample and
monitor water quality in their lake.
The Okaloosa/Walton County agent is serving as an Ex-officio member advising citizens serving
on Coastal Dune Lakes Advisory Board and has provided educational opportunities to interact
with citizens where they live, (i.e. presentation to the Eastern Lake Homeowner Association) both
for the agent and Choctawhatchee Basin Alliance (CBA) Water Quality Volunteer Coordinator.
Support and organization of this board has led to a proposed second site for a FYN landscaping
model for the Coastal Dune Lakes at Camp Creek. Currently, all 17 Coastal Dune Lakes in
Walton County are consistently being monitored each month by volunteers. Monitoring provides
important base-line information as these lakes are subject to the pressures of additional tourism
and development. The coordinated LakeWatch/CBA program is in its second year of existence
and has received funding for 2003 operation from the Walton County Board of County
Commissioners, along with Grant funds from US Fish and Wildlife, and private donations from
the Northwest Florida Planning Foundation, Seaside Institute, and private citizens. The volunteer
position and volunteer program were the result of collaborative efforts between Sea Grant
Extension and CBA in 2001.
The Santa Rosa County agent provided Lakewatch water quality sampling training to
homeowners of the Ski Watch subdivision. Continue to coordinate Lakewatch sample and
supplies collection and drop offs, in addition to supporting the program through literature
6.8 Continue regional fish extension activities that focus on topics of derelict fishing traps, mercury in
fish, shrimp management, marine protected areas, essential fish habitat and fish management.
(Adams, Creswell, Diller, Gregory, S. Jackson, Mahan, McGuire, Novak, Spranger, Stevely,
Sturmer, Sweat, Verlinde, Wasno)
Mike Spranger served as P.I. for regional fish extension efforts. FSGEP faculty named above
continued development of education and outreach activities on identified topics.
A presentation was made on the Pensacola Recreational Fisherman's Association local cable
television show. Proper fish venting techniques and other catch and release methods were
demonstrated and fish management questions were answered. A shark education program was
presented to various community groups.
Sea Grant Extension collaborated with Okaloosa Family and Consumer Science Extension to
provide support and assistance to the Governor's Office. Information was provided to commercial
shrimping clientele to help them as they confronted hardships related to depressed wholesale
The Northeast Florida agent represented Florida Sea Grant on the US Fish and Wildlife Service's
Manatee Entanglement Working Group which made recommendations to the FWCC regarding
derelict crab traps and cleanup.
The Central Florida agent met with blue crab producers (fishermen) in area of responsibility to
discuss FWC management plans and derelict traps.
The Santa Rosa County agent attended Mercury in fish presentation by Alabama/Mississippi Sea
Fish Extension Activities- Coordinated Boca Grande Pass Clean-Up (April 2003). Two-day event
that had a total of 57 divers and 28 captained boats remove debris from the bottom of this famous
tarpon fishing spot. Over 7,250 pounds of debris was collected and properly disposed of. An
educational workshop was held for all participants on proper identification and reporting protocol
for the invasive green mussel. I have also been elected President of the Boca Grande Pass
Enhancement Fund, Inc. Funding agencies included South Florida Water Management District,
Mote Marine Lab, Florida Guides Assoc. Boca Grande Guides Association and private donations.
Three monofilament recycling containers were installed along high-use boating and angling areas,
along with appropriate signage in St. Lucie County.
6.9 Obtain funding from Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission's Marine Research
Institute to continue longitudinal survey on sponges in the Florida Bay, and provide workshops
and presentations at several professional organizations. (Stevely, Sweat)
In addition to the TED and oyster industry meetings/workshops the Franklin County Agent
organized and taught a number of fishery management-related workshops this year. These
included; NOAA's Blue Crab Trap Dolphin Interaction Meeting; Blue Crab Processing Residue
Disposal Options; Southeastern Shrimp Industry Antidumping Petition; Shrimp
Fishermen/Families Assistance Workshop; Shrimp Skimmer Trawl Workshop; Calico Scallop
Management Plan; In addition; the agent wrote six newspaper columns (circulation 6,000) on
fisheries-related topics including mercury in fish and shrimp management issues.
The Central Florida agent, with John Stevely, procured funding and contract from FWC to
provide them with annual update of commercial sponge abundance in Florida Bay. Presented
findings at Florida Bay Conference, Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute and Maricuba 2003
Goal 7: Protect, Restore, and Enhance Coastal Ecosystem Habitats
7.4 Invasive species represent a serious challenge, with tradeoffs related to accidental and purposeful
introductions. Preliminary estimates indicate that problem species cause annual losses of $179M
in sales and expenditures of over $90M on management. This workshop will summarize all work
on invasive species, determine needed public services to deal with them, prioritize approaches to
provide the service and develop an overall management strategy. (Jacoby: PD-02-07)
This program was attended by about 70 individuals from key agency and academic programs. A
report of the meeting includes a description of priorities to address problems with invasive coastal
A workshop, Invasive species: where we are and where we're going, was held. It attracted 75
participants from educators, researchers and managers from universities, governmental agencies,
non-governmental groups, and private consulting firms. A set of priority projects was developed,
with a focus on education and outreach. A report was distributed to participants, and the priorities
have guided further work on educational materials.
7.8 Florida coastal counties have proceeded mostly independently of one another to build artificial
reefs that in aggregate represent about one-half of the national total. The practices of counties for
monitoring reef performance and reporting data, including by means of Geographic Information
System (GIS) practices will be characterized as the first step in developing procedures to
coordinate regional comparison and application of reef evaluation data. (2003). (Seaman)
Of 35 coastal counties, 32 operate artificial reef programs. Of these, 22 actually monitor reefs.
Their practices were characterized in this project, and summarized in a manuscript.
7.11 Form a working group that deals with invasive species in Florida's saltwater systems. (Jacoby)
A working group was not formed because state level governmental agencies planned to form such
7.12 Develop a one-day in-service training workshop on marine invasives for Extension agents.
A training session on invasive species was held for ten FSGEP agents. In turn, these agents used
information and materials to develop local programs on invasive species. (see 7.13)
7.13 Conduct local workshops for K-12 teachers and interested citizens on marine invasives. (Combs,
Crane, Creswell, Diller, S. Jackson, Mahan, McGuire, Novak, Stevely, Sweat, Verlinde, Wasno)
A six-hour teacher workshop for K-12 teachers and environmental educators on invasive species
(plants and animals) affecting South Florida ecosystem was held. Knowledge gained was
determined by an increase from 60% pre-test score to an 80% post-test score for 16 participants
who completed the workshop and each earned 8 Teacher Education Credits and a $50 stipend.
The Escambia County agent received marine invasives training from Florida Sea Grant and used
the training to conduct a marine invasive workshop for secondary teachers in Escambia County on
January 6, 2004.
Sea Grant Extension led teaching and restoration efforts at Turkey Creek, a coastal wetland
servicing Choctawhatchee Bay. In three events, participants were taught how to identify and
control invasive non-native plants. Information on marine invasives was also presented.
Participants included workers from the Cities of Niceville and Valparaiso, Okaloosa County
Master Gardeners, USDA Earth Team Volunteers, and Horticulture Students.
The Franklin County agent did not teach an invasives workshop this year. However, a newspaper
column on invasive species (6,000 circulation) was written. In addition, the agent was interviewed
three times by local mass media on invasive species (The Apalachicola/Carrabelle Times, The
Franklin Chronicle and WOYS Radio).
Facilitated three FWCC educator aquatic collecting permit workshops (exotic species are
discussed as part of these), conducted a teacher workshop at Florida School for the Deaf and
Blind which included activities involving invasive plants and animals.
The Santa Rosa County agent presented an aquatic nuisance species presentation for 21 in-formal
educators at a Project WET workshop.
This object was not achieved in 2003. Several workshops are being advertised for spring/summer
Workshops on marine invasives throughout Brevard County: (1) Ten multi-agency workshops
mandated by Florida State Legislature for commercial clammers, held during 2003, 82 clammers
educated (2) Educated ten members and three professional staff of Brevard County Commission
Marine Advisory Council about marine invasives problems in Brevard County (3) Ongoing
project with Citizens for Florida's Waterways (CFW), Florida Inland Navigation District, and
Florida DEP in adopting Bird Island in Mosquito Lagoon to address invasive exotics (Brazilian
pepper) removal and replacement with native plant species, CFW active membership
approximately 75. (4) Two presentations (in Micco and Titusville) on marine invasive exotics as
addressed by Clean Marina program (30 citizens educated). (5) Four 4-H marine science field
trips (40 participants), (6) Boy Scout field training including invasive exotics (60 participants) (7)
National Estuary Day table-top display concerning Marine Invasive Exotics (500 citizens) (8)
Riverwalk field trip (55 participants) (9) County fair displays, 585 educated over 10 days (10) 4-H
Marine Ecology Contest at Camp Ocala (91 participants from 10 counties).
7.14 Work with Dr. Kevin Johnson, Florida Institute of Technology on studies of marine plankton in
the Indian River Lagoon (IRL) that may help in early identification of invasive species that could
pose a threat to the IRL ecosystem. (Combs)
Worked with Dr. Kevin Johnson, FIT, on IRL marine plankton, no local Sea Grant activity in
7.15 Develop coastal restoration programs such as sea grass planting, dune restoration and beach
renourishment that will improve coastal ecosystems. (Crane, Creswell, Diller, S. Jackson,
Volunteers with the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation
Service "Earth Team" partnered with Sea Grant Extension to restore dunes and beaches at Beasley
Park in Fort Walton Beach. In conjunction with Earth Day, volunteers installed native vegetation
including panic grass and sea oats. Local ABC Affiliate Television Station WEAR reported the
activities. USDA media reporters recorded the event to provide future public service
announcements and instructional information.
Walton County 4-H and area Boy Scouts relocated several sea oat plants from a local residence.
The resident offered the plants for restoration after they became a nuisance. As an alternative to
herbicides and plant destruction the plants were transferred to a local county park, which has
critically eroded beaches. Expert advice and additional plant materials were provided to the youth
by Dr. John Hovanesian of Coastal Native Plant Specialists in Milton, FL. The project was
successfully completed under the guidance of Florida Sea Grant Extension agent Scott Jackson
and Choctawhatchee Soil and Water Conservation Service Agent Tommy Hinote.
With UF/West Florida Research and Education Center researches received $4000 for 2004 dune
restoration project from UF School of Natural Resources. Grant funds were matched with $3000
form Santa Rosa County. Continue to support Project Greenshores, a habitat restoration project in
the Pensacola Bay System. In 2003 the project received one often national Coastal America
Program Partnership Awards. Coordinated two stream restoration workshops for 48 agency
personnel and private consultants.
Through initiation of the mangrove restoration program. Several hundred mangroves were planted
in the Indian River Lagoon in 2003 and are currently being monitored. During two summer camps
students planted native plants on spoil islands from which invasive plants had been removed.
7.16 Provide technical assistance to National Estuary Programs and local governments in the
implementation of Comprehensive Conservation and management Plans. (Stevely)
Chaired six meetings of Sarasota Bay National Estuary Program Technical Advisory Committee
and attended four Management and Policy Committee meetings. This involvement resulted in the
development of the annual work plan and progress in reorganizing the Estuary Program as an
independent organization. Presented results of technical work on mapping oyster reefs to provide
guidance for oyster reef restoration program to be conducted in 2004.
7.17 Continue working with the Florida Institute for Saltwater Heritage (FISH), a Cortez community-
based organization to purchase and preserve 95 acres of environmentally sensitive lands, as well
as continue to assist in coordination of the 2003 Cortez Commercial Fishing Festival. (Stevely)
Assisted in planning (ten planning meetings) and conducted educational program for the 21st.
Annual Cortez Commercial Fishing Festival. The Festival is the major source of income for the
purchase of FISH Preserve. The 2003 Festival generated approximately $45,000 in profit. To date,
approximately $190,000, has been raised towards the total purchase price of $250,000.
Additionally, approximately 1,200 citizens participating in educational presentations increased
their understanding of local marine resource management issues. As a result of a presentation to
the Sarasota Bay National Estuary Program Citizen Advisory Program, the Estuary Program has
committed to helping sponsor the 2004 Festival.
Goal 8: Prepare and Respond to Coastal Storms
8.6 Assistance will be provided Sea Grant Extension programs in Washington and Oregon in planning
outreach efforts for the Pacific Northwest NOAA Coastal Storms Initiative. (Don Jackson)
Traveled to Astoria, Oregon to meet with Sea Grant Extension personnel who will be involved
with the Pacific Northwest Coastal Storms Initiative at the mouth of the Columbia River. Also
met with these same people in Washington, DC for the same purpose to pass on information and
experiences based on the St. Johns River Watershed study that may be useful in their work in the
8.7 Florida Sea Grant Extension will continue its second year outreach activity as a component of the
Southeast Atlantic Coastal Ocean Observing System (SEA-COOS). The four Sea Grant programs
(North Carolina to Georgia) are cooperating in this regional project. The goal is to establish a
dialog with non-scientific users, identify their information needs and the preferred formats and
moods of information delivery. Florida will train its extension faculty, focus on regional groups
(e.g., ports, hazards) and local sectors (e.g., fishers and emerging response offices), host sector
workshops and convene three instate meetings with user groups. (On-going).
(Spranger/Jackson/various county faculty)
Poster presentation was provided at SEACOOS meeting in Charleston, SC to 350 attendees, to tie
the NOAA Coastal Storms Initiative efforts to those of SEACOOS. (Don Jackson)
The Monroe County participated in a Florida Sea Grant statewide meeting in Gainesville to plan
educational programming for the Southeast Atlantic Coastal and Oceanic Observing System
(SEACOOS) and Florida marine invasive species. The SEACOOS is a federal effort to
substantially increase the number of moored ocean observing systems to aid with weather
prediction and to monitor other environmental factors relevant to ocean research.
(1) Served as member of planning committee for semi-annual SEACOOS meeting held May
2003 in Jacksonville, FL. (2) Conducted training session on SEACOOS for Extension faculty in
August, 2003. (3) Had educational display and informational materials at annual conference of the
Florida Association of Extension Professionals in September, 2003. Over 300 Extension Faculty
attended the conference. (4) Initiated hiring process for a SEACOOS Educational Coordinator,
working with SG Extension Program Leaders from NC, SC and GA. A national search was
undertaken. Final candidates were interviewed in early January, 2004. The position was filled in
February, 2004. (Spranger)
The Northeast Florida agent represented Florida Sea Grant at SEACOOS planning meeting,
serving on SEACOOS education subcommittee.
The Brevard County agent participated in SEA-COOS meetings in Charleston, Jacksonville and
Education and Human Resources
Goal 9: Produce a Highly Trained Workforce
9.1 A minimum of two qualified applicants will be submitted annually to the Sea Grant John A.
Knauss Marine Policy Fellowship national competition. Over each five-year period, an average of
one Knauss Fellow per year (of 30 nationally) will be from Florida. (Cato: E/ST-26; E/ST-27;
For the 2004 Class of Fellows, five (of 7) applicants were submitted. One was chosen to receive a
Chosen: Carl Childs (FSU)
Submitted: Patrick Gensler (FSU)
Mark Black (UM)
Kelly Denit (UM)
Jocelyn Karazsia (UM)
From 1999-2003, a five-year period, seven Fellows from Florida have been selected, an average
of 1.4 per year.
9.2 At least one national Sea Grant Industrial Fellow candidate (of 2-4 per year nationally) will be
successful every three years. (Cato)
There was no Industrial Fellows competition during 2003.
9.3 At least 25 percent of the annual Florida Sea Grant federal core program research budget will be
used to support graduate students. (Cato)
For 2003, 43% of all research funds supported graduate students (see Section 7).
9.4 A minimum of five graduate students will receive scholarship funding through private funds in
cooperation with the Ay klsi\\ oth Foundation for the Advancement of Marine Science and the Old
Salt Fishing Club. (Cato)
A total of three students were on Ay lc~ tii1h (2) and Old Salt (1) Scholarships during 2003. The
total was below the goal due to reduced endowment income resulting from the 2001-02 decline in
the stock market.
9.5 One high school student will receive a college scholarship through the Chuck Skoch Florida Sea
Grant Scholarship. (Cato)
One high school senior (Eric Thomas) received a one-year scholarship and enrolled at Lake City
9.6 A minimum of $400,000 per year in non-national Sea Grant CORE program funding will be
received from extramural funding sources to support Sea Grant programs. (Cato)
A total of $874 thousand in non-core Sea Grant funds were received in 2003.
9.7 Florida Sea Grant will participate in National Strategic Investment, National Outreach and
National NOAA/Sea Grant proposal competitions when available. Funding data will be analyzed
to measure the success rate of Florida Sea Grant against the other Sea Grant programs. (Cato)
See Section 10.0 (Self Evaluation), 1.B., for the analysis.
9.8 At least 15 different academic disciplines and six different Florida universities and research
laboratories will receive Florida Sea Grant funding in each proposal cycle. This can only be
achieved through the encouragement of competitive proposals from many participants because
peer review determines actual funding. At least six institutions participating in Florida Sea Grant
will be visited each year to meet faculty and students to keep a high level of participation in
Florida Sea Grant. Six faculty progress reports will be distributed annually to 800 faculty
statewide to inform them of Sea Grant activities and opportunities. (Cato/Seaman)
For the 2002-03 core Florida Sea Grant two-year program, seven of the 15 participating
institutions were successful in competing for research funds.
Florida Atlantic University Nova Southeastern University
Florida Institute of Technology University of Central Florida
Florida State University University of Florida
Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution
A total of 14 different academic departments and about 12 different disciplines are receiving
Agricultural and Biological Engineering (UF)
Chemistry and Biochemistry (FAU)
Civil and Coastal Engineering (UF)
Civil Engineering (FIT)
Environmental Horticulture (UF)
Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences (UF)
Food Science and Human Nutrition (UF)
Mechanical and Aerospace (FIT)
Oceanography (NSU; FSU)
Pharmacology and Therapeutics (UF)
Analysis of faculty receiving funding in Florida Sea Grant
Core program research competition, 2002-2003
Total Number of Investigators Receiving 31
Investigators Receiving Funding in the 11 35
Previous Two-Year Core Program
Male 25 81
Female 6 19
Investigators Academic Rank
Professor or Above 11 35
Associate Professor 4 13
Assistant Professor 10 32
Post-doc 0 0
Other 6 26
a Includes Principal Investigators, Co-Principal and Associate Investigators.
b Includes such academic titles as senior scientists (at research labs), lawyers and veterinarians (at
professional schools, etc.
A total of nine campuses were visited, with the visits ranging from meeting faculty to discussing
funded research or potential research to attending FSG seminars or presenting seminars on FSG
opportunities. Campuses visited were Florida International University, University of Miami,
Florida Atlantic University, Mote Marine Laboratory, Florida State University, University of
Central Florida, University of North Florida, University of South Florida. Four of the nine had not
been visited during 2002.
In addition, a statewide meeting of Sea Grant Campus Coordinators was held in 2003. All 16
institutions were represented as well as the National Sea Grant College Program Office (Dr. Jim
Six bi-monthly faculty progress reports were written and distributed.
9.9 An average of four Florida Sea Grant supported seminars will be funded annually as a way to
increase the skills of faculty and students in ocean and coastal related academic disciplines.
Five seminars were sponsored in 2003:
Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution
Florida's Red Tide: A Whiff, A Sniff and a Sneeze
Daniel G. Baden
University of North Carolina at Wilmington
University of Florida
Ecolabeling Seafood Products: A Market Approach to Fisheries Management
Cathy A. Roheim
University of Rhode Island
Florida Gulf Coast University
Genomics, Salmonids, and the Promise of Improved Diagnostics and Therapeutics
Christopher J. Bayne
Oregon State University
Pfiesteria of Fungus? Biotoxicity and Pathology in Fish Exposed to Pfiesteria shumwagae
College of William and Mary
Florida Institute of Technology
Simultaneous Hermaphroditism in Lysmata Shrimps
Raymond T. Bauer
University of Louisiana
9.10 A minimum of two qualified applicants will be submitted to the NOAA Coastal Services Center
Competition each time it is held. (Cato)
Only one applicant was received in 2003. Ms. Rebekah Walker (NSU) was submitted and won
placement with the South Carolina Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management.
9.11 Conferences, workshops and travel to conferences and workshops will be supported for Florida
Sea Grant researchers and potential researchers and Florida Sea Grant Extension and
Communications faculty. The activity will be supported when consistent with priorities in the
Florida Sea Grant Strategic Plan: 2002-2005. (Cato/Seaman: PD-03-2)
During 2003, five faculty and others attended conferences or workshops using program
9.12 There is a need for qualified, affordable help to assist in providing environmental education
programs at parks, beaches and elsewhere in Florida. The Florida Master Naturalist Program
(FMNP) training develops knowledge, critical training and interpretive teaching skills to assist in
environmental education statewide. This project will assist in developing the coastal module of
FMNP. A minimum of eight instructors and 120 coastal naturalists will be trained. (Main: PD-02-
Four videos were developed for the Florida Master Naturalist Program Coastal Module.
A. Florida's Coastal Uplands
B. Florida's Estuaries
C. Florida's Nearshore Environment
D. Coastal Systems and Modem Human Society
Twelve instructor-slide presentations on CD-ROM for the Florida Master Naturalist Program
Coastal Module were developed.
A. Ecology of coastal systems
B. Marine and estuarine habitats
C. Coastal dune systems
D. Marine invertebrates I
E. Marine invertebrates II
F. Saltwater fish
G. Coastal birds I
H. Coastal birds II
I. Coastal mammals
J. Coastal amphibians and reptiles
K. Environmental ethics
L. Naturalist interpretation
Instructor and student workbooks for the Florida Master Naturalist Program Coastal Module were
A. FMNP Coastal Systems Instructor Workbook (1 vol., 56 pp.)
B. FMNP Coastal Systems Student Workbook (2 vol., 1173 pp.)
Instructor certification training programs for instructors of the Florida Master Naturalist Program
Coastal Module were held:
A. During 2002, four 2-day instructor training workshops were conducted. Workshop locations
included the Florida Keys, Vero Beach, St. Petersburg, and Cedar Key, Florida.
B. A total of 74 instructors representing 42 organizations (includes four Sea Grant agents) from
27 coastal counties in Florida were certified to teach the Coastal Systems module.
Teaching of the Florida Master Naturalist Program Coastal Module in January 2003 was initiated
via twelve coastal system courses (24 participants) in January and February 2003.
9.13 Extension faculty will attend at least 4 days of inservice training workshops or conferences that
will support their educational programs. (All Agents)
An in-service workshop was held on Sustainable Marine Fisheries topics at the Keys Marine Lab
in Layton, FL. The workshop was attended by 10 FSG Marine Agents. The workshop lasted one
full day. A variety of topics were addressed that covered on-going projects and efforts related to
marine fisheries management and utilization in Florida.
The Miami-Dade county marine extension agent attended the SEACOOS meeting in Charleston,
SC for two days; gave a presentation at the Florida Marine Science Educators Association
Conference in Marathon; gave a presentation at the Florida Association of Extension
Professionals Conference and attended the FCOSEE workshop in Dania Beach.
The Escambia County agent attended: 1) COSEE and Florida Sea Grant training "Bridging the
Gap: The Changing Paradigm in Science and Education"; 2) Florida Sea Grant Southeast Atlantic
Coastal Ocean Observing System (SEA-COOS) workshop; 3) Annual Florida Sea Grant planning
and in-service training meeting; 4) Florida Association of Extension Professionals (FAEP)
conference and presented abstract entitled "Environmental Education Coordination Team:
Cooperative efforts in natural resource education and grant writing".
Don Jackson attended the annual fall Sea Grant Extension agent training program (3 days), and a
portion of Florida Association of Extension Professionals workshop and made presentation to a
portion of the attendees (2 days).
The Okaloosa/Walton County agent attended Wetlands Instructor Module for the Florida Master
Naturalist Program; A Watershed Approach to Water Quality; Florida Sea Grant Extension
Program Annual Staff Meeting; Red Cross Open Water Lifeguard, First Aid, and Automated
Electronic Defibulator Certification; SEACOOS and Coastal Storms Initiative training that
introduced the technology of coastal observation systems. Also attended Multi-State Natural
Resources Program Implementation Team Professional Improvement Tour and the Florida
Association of Extension Professionals annual meeting.
The Franklin County Agent attended and participated in the following in-service training or
conferences totaling 15.5 days:
Writing Program Objectives In-service, Panama City, 0.5-days
23038 CED Planning In-service, Gainesville, 2-days
FL Sea Grant Extension Program Staff In-service, Gainesville, 3-days
Coastal Management Workshop Coastal Water and Sediment Quality: Impacts, Analyses and
Trends Apalachicola Bay, 1-day
Coastal Management Workshop, Visitor Use Issues In Marine and Coastal Protected Areas, 1 day
Interstate Shellfish Sanitation Conference, 7-days
Coastal Management Workshop Effective Buffers Associated With Development for Natural
Resource and Wetland Protection, 1-day
The Aquaculture agent participated in the annual Sea Grant Extension Program Staff Meeting
during October and attended the National Shellfisheries Association Annual Conference during
April as part of in-service training to support my educational programs.
The Northeast Florida agent attended annual Sea Grant Extension in-service training, county
training for Microsoft Publisher and Microsoft FrontPage. Completed intermediate sign language
The Central Florida agent attended in-service training: FSG Annual Planning meeting, SMP-317
The Manatee County agent attended and presented at three international professional meetings
and three statewide professional meetings.
The Brevard County agent participated in In-Service/annual meetings in Gainesville.
9.14 Coordinate annual in-service meeting for Extension faculty that provides status of on-going
research and extension activities, and organizes program planning efforts. (Spranger)
The annual FSGE Faculty meeting was held in October, 2003. Administrative updates were
provided by the Vice-President for UF IFAS; Dean for Extension and FSGEP Assistant Director.
Researchers from National Marine Fisheries Service and Florida Museum of Natural History,
provided information on fishery management and shark issues. Sea Grant Extension program
leaders from Mississippi and Alabama also provided an overview of the "mercury in fish" issue.
Extension long-range planning activities, changes in FAS reporting system were also discussed.
9.16. Serve as Extension Administrative Liaison in planning activities for annual Florida Association of
Extension Professionals conference. (Spranger)
Served as FAEP Liaison. A successful FAEP Conference was held in September, 2003 in
Jacksonville, FL with more than 300 Extension faculty attending.
9.17 Continue coursework toward Master's Degree in Environmental Studies at University of West
Preparing for Master's Program at University of West Florida. Will begin classes in September,
9.18 Continue coursework toward Master's Degree in Environmental Studies at Florida Gulf Coast
Graduate Program- The Lee County agent was accepted into the Florida Gulf Coast University
Environmental Sciences Master Program (Oct 2003). Currently taking my 14th credit.
Goal 10: Create a Scientifically and Environmentally Informed Citizenry
10.1 A number of educational activities are implemented under the previous goals. The following ones
cross many goals and are implemented in general.
10.1.1 Produce high quality publications and productions that effectively communicate results of
Florida Sea Grant activities to both general and specialized audiences. Productions include
Sea Grant Reports, Sea Grant Extension Fact Sheets and brochures, Sea Grant Technical
Papers, books, book chapters, staff papers, conference proceedings, newsletters, posters
signage and electronic formats including CD-Roms and videos. (Kearl/Zimmerman)
These accomplishments are reported in Section 6.0 (Publications).
In addition, Florida Sea Grant compares its productivity each year when possible to other Sea
Grant programs. In 2003, Florida Sea Grant ranked 7th in core program funding (see Table
10.1) among all Sea Grant programs. Data provided by the National Sea Grant Library make
it possible to compare FSG's publication productivity with that of the top ten (in funding) Sea
Grant programs (Tables 10.1 and 10.2). In every category, FSG ranked higher (from 1 to 4)
than its funding level for number of reprints submitted, number of thesis/dissertation abstracts
submitted, all other documents and total documents submitted. FSG ranked 1st in total
documents submitted and number of electronic downloads. In fact, FSG had 40 percent of the
electronic downloads from all top ten programs in funding and submitted 23 percent of the
reprints submitted by the ten programs.
Table 10.1 Core funding and selected National Sea Grant Library data for top ten Sea Grant programs
2003 Reprints Thesis/ All Other Total Number of Number of PDF
Core Received Dissertation Documents Documents Electronic Downloads from
Funding Abstracts Documents NSGL Server
$000 Number Per Number Per
in Core in
California 3,859.5 58 12 28 98 2.5 17 9,342 242
Washington 2,595.0 15 3 16 34 1.3 5 2,223 86
New York 2,414.0 11 18 16 45 1.9 2 3,054 127
Oregon 2,282.0 19 4 21 44 1.9 22 8,766 384
Rhode Island 2,060.0 4 0 31 35 1.7 19 4,408 214
MIT 2,048.5 20 0 5 25 1.2 1 2,126 104
Florida 1,990.0 53 18 18 89 4.5 24 38,750 1,947
Wisconsin 1,914.0 24 0 16 40 2.1 0 587 31
Texas 1,886.0 4 0 13 17 0.9 2 21,604 1,146
Hawaii 1,780.0 25 2 6 33 1.9 1 6,121 344
TOTAL 22,829. 233 57 170 460 2.0 93 96,981 425
Floridaas % 8.7 22.7 31.6 10.6 19.3 125.0 25.8 40.0 358
Source: National Sea Grant Office
National Sea Grant Library
Table 10.2 Comparison of Florida Sea Grant core funding level rank with documents submitted
by top ten (by core funding) Sea Grant programs.
Florida Rank by Category Compared Rank Florida as % of Top Ten
Core Funding Level 7 9
Reprints Submitted 2 23
Thesis/Dissertation Abstracts 1 (Tie) 32
Electronic Submitted Documents 1 26
All Other Documents Submitted 4 11
Total Documents Submitted
Number 2 19
Per $100K Core Funds 1 NA
PDF Downloads From NSGL
Number 1 40
Per $100K Core Funds 1 NA
Calculated from Table 10.1.
10.1.2 At least ten print or broadcast news releases will be produced. (Kearl/Zimmerman)
These accomplishments are reported in Section 6.0 (Publications).
10.1.3 The Florida Sea Grant Internet home page and website will be upgraded and maintained.
These accomplishments are reported in Section 9.0 (Outreach), web pages.
Complete a primer on invasive species for k-12 teachers (Jacoby)
A primer on invasive species for K-12 teachers is in press.
Complete a publication on marine protected areas in collaboration with other Sea Grant programs
in the South Atlantic Region. (Gregory, Jacoby)
The Monroe County agent shared existing Marine Reserve Bibliographic Database with Dr.
Jacoby but no other activity occurred.
The information for publications on marine protected areas was gathered through a series of
interviews, but publication has been delayed, in part due to political issues surrounding the
establishment of marine protected areas.
Complete a publication on the effects of activities in watersheds on coastal fisheries in
collaboration with other Sea Grant programs in the South Atlantic region. (Jacoby)
A publication dealing with watershed effects on coastal fisheries has been delayed due to other
Contribute to formulating and implementing a work plan for the South Florida Ecosystem Project.
The South Florida Ecosystem Education Project has developed and implemented a work plan. In
particular, a needs assessment was conducted through three focus group meetings held in the
Florida Keys. These 'summits' generated a range of issues that could be addressed through
education and outreach. In addition, the project initiated an education and outreach partnership
that was funded by the South Florida Water Management District. This partnership will create and
distribute educational and outreach materials dealing with coastal issues surrounding the
Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan.
10.6 Develop educational programs for teachers, boaters and interested citizens on marine debris and
monofilament line recycling. (Combs, Crane, Creswell, Diller, Gregory, S. Jackson, McGuire,
Sturmer, Verlinde, Wasno)
The Miami-Dade agent taught 64 boaters the impacts of debris on marine wildlife by providing
them a yellow 5-gallon "Don't Splash Your Trash" bucket to collect trash while on the water. Of
16 who responded to a mailed survey six months later, 77% said they used the bucket to collect
trash on their boat.
The Miami-Dade county agent taught 1,034 K-12 students on the impacts of marine debris to
marine wildlife. Of 409 students responding to an oral survey, 67% said they increased their
knowledge on the impacts of debris to the environment.
Twelve marine stores and/or marinas were taught the impacts of fishing line to the environment
and are participating in collecting discarded fishing line for recycling. In addition, over 70
volunteers donated 700 volunteer hours in the installation and maintenance of 27 outdoor fishing
line recycling bins at marinas and boat ramps and conducted angler surveys and shoreline clean-
A monofilament recycling program was developed for Santa Rosa and Escambia counties. The
program resulted in over 60 recycling bins being placed throughout the two counties by the end of
2003. Early data indicates the potential for removing/recycling hundreds of miles of
monofilament line annually.
An educational exhibit displaying the problem of litter and monofilament in the marine
environment was provided at the Walton County Fair during October 2003.
Support was provided for Okaloosa and Walton County 4-H teen councils as they promoted
monofilament recycling through exhibits at the North Florida Fair and Northwest Florida Fair.
The Monroe County agent was an invited guest to the Keys Association of Dive Operators
monthly meeting in Marathon to discuss the proposed regulations for the spiny lobster
recreational and commercial fisheries. Their leadership was successfully encouraged to work with
the commercial fishing industry to address issues before they became controversial. A Florida
Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission stone crab workshop in Marathon and a spiny lobster
workshop in Key West were attended. Testimony was provided on the need for instituting a
license program for both commercial divers and the recreational mini-season. A monofilament
recycling workshop was held and placement of monofilament recycling stations and pelican
informational signage was accomplished at Hurricane Hole Marina on Stock Island. Three days at
sea were spent as a special trap removal observer for the Florida Fish Commission to assist two
local fishermen in retrieving their lobster traps.
A monofilament recycling and recovery program was initiated in Cedar Key (Levy County) this
year. The 5 recycling bins provide a message not only to the community but also to its visitors
that the area is proactive in the stewardship of their valuable coastal waters. Local public
awareness was raised through a series of newspaper articles, presentations, brochures and exhibits
about the problems of fishing line in the marine environment and the location of recycling bins to
properly dispose used line. A volunteer network was established with 14 high school students
participating in the program as part of a marine science research project. These local youth have
become engaged in providing community service at an early age through this program as well as
recognizing the need to protect the area's marine environment.
Gave two monofilament recycling presentations. Promoted monofilament recycling during 37
other presentations and in displays at the Water Education Festival (4,000 attendees), Whitney
Lab Open House (500 attendees), Greater Jacksonville Agricultural Fair (482,000 attendees), and
Jacksonville Earth Day. Held monofilament recycling poster contest to raise awareness of
monofilament recycling. Winning posters were displayed at Greater Jacksonville Agricultural
Fair. Designed monofilament recycling calendar for 2004; printed and distributed 90 copies. The
calendar features artwork from the poster contest. Installed eight new monofilament recycling
containers in three counties. Provided monofilament recycling information and/or materials
(including stickers and signs) to people from ten Florida counties, North Carolina, Puerto Rico,
Portugal and Bermuda. These included three marinas, extension agents in two counties and the
Citrus County Solid Waste Department.
The Santa Rosa County agent through media (radio and newspaper) reports provided
monofilament-recycling information to the public. Utilize an eight-foot marine debris display at
various educational programs and events.
This agent, in collaboration with the St. Lucie Cooperative Extension Natural Resource Agent,
initiated a public awareness campaign for monofilament recycling utilizing mass media outlets,
such as newspapers and radio.
The Brevard County agent conducted educational programs on marine debris/monofilament
recovery at Blue Water fishing tournament (400), 4-H club members (50), Boy Scout troop (50),
Clean Marina programs (30-40 marina operators, Dockmasters, staff).
10.7 Work with volunteers in annual fall coastal clean-up campaigns. (Combs, Crane, Creswell, Diller,
S. Jackson, Mahan, McGuire, Novak, Verlinde, Wasno)
The Miami-Dade county agent worked with 200 volunteers for International Coastal Cleanup in
the fall. Participants donated over 600 volunteer hours by removing 1,720 pounds of trash within
3 miles of the shoreline filling 151 trash bags.
The Escambia County agent served as an information source for the Annual Coastal Clean-up by
posting information on the Escambia County Marine Extension website, answering phone calls
and e-mails, and distributing clean-up supplies to volunteers and organizations.
Provide support, coordination and materials for the 19th annual Santa Rosa Rivers clean-up and
the annual coastal clean-up at Navarre Beach.
The Brevard County agent participated in annual national trash-pickup day, with Boy Scout 10-
mile "country" dirt-road bike hike that included trash-collection along roadside (12 scouts, 6
adults); on-going unscheduled mini-events (50 citizens).
10.8 Work with Extension 4H agents in the development of marine environmental programs for local
clubs. (Combs, Crane, Creswell, Diller, Gregory, S. Jackson, Mahan, McGuire, Novak, Stevely,
Sturmer, Sweat, Verlinde, Wasno)
The Miami-Dade county agent worked with several 4-H agents to develop educational programs
on marine debris, sea turtles, sharks, seagrass and coral reefs habitats reaching approximately 950
youth. Factsheets, activities, slides and games have been developed to teach youth about marine
debris, sharks and coral reefs.
The Escambia County agent was a speaker at multi-state 4-H Leadership training workshop at
Weeks Bay National Estuarine Reserve in Alabama. Marine educational programs and projects
were presented that could be utilized by 4-H clubs and programs in Florida and Alabama. The
Escambia County 4-H Environmental Summer camp program at Camp Timpoochee was attended
to teach marine science and shark programs. The agent partnered with the National Park Service
at Gulf Island's National Seashore to offer half-day Junior Ranger Camps for youth.
A program for Home Grown Kids 4-H club regarding artificial reefs was organized. Marine
education programming and assistance with administration of 4-H camp for Okaloosa, Walton,
and Washington counties was provided as well as marine education programming and assistance
with administrative support for two State Marine Camps at 4-H Camp Timpoochee.
The Monroe County agent sent fish scales and ear bones to a New York 4H Extension Agent for
use in youth educational programs on fisheries. Scales and ear bones are used to age fish much
like foresters use tree rings to age trees. As CED, took over leadership of local 4H program after
the 4-H agent resigned.
Submitted a proposal entitled "A Day in a Clam Farmer's Life" to the 2003 4-H Youth Congress.
On July 23, offered an interactive learning experience to 22 youth by making a presentation on
clam farming, providing "hands-on" activities such as planting and harvesting clams at a "mock"
clam farm at a local beach, and touring commercial operations in Cedar Key. In addition,
provided brochures and posters describing the clam farming industry, along with product for a
taste test, as part of the Levy County Exhibit at the 4-H Southern Regional Leaders Forum held in
Rock Eagle, Georgia during October.
Provide 4-H program with marine activities and materials about beach ecology, the adopt-a-shore
program, monofilament recycling and the Resource Ranger club. Provide marine activities at
county and state 4-H camps.
"4-H Coastal Naturalist Camp" This Indian River Lagoon Exploration Camp provides
environmental education opportunities pertaining to the Indian River Lagoon ecosystem and
important indicator species in this biodiverse estuary. the 5-day program included seining, fishing,
revegetation of native plants, sea turtle egg counts, canoeing, identification of native plants and
animals, and other activities.
The Brevard County agent provided four 4-H marine sciences field trips (30 adults, 10 adults),
seining, dip-netting (including species ID), applications and explanations of field instrumentation
(refractometer for salinity, wind-gauge, compass, pH meter, DO meter, GPS), visits to Seafood
processors, view manatees, dolphins, snook in Canaveral Locks.
10.9 Provide technical assistance and support for annual statewide 4H Marine Ecology Contest.
Assisted with creation and delivery of the Resource Ranger Program, a curriculum based
environmental education program for grades 5 through 8. The program includes video/television
series (two videos produced in 2003, three more in 2004), classroom visits, web site, and activities
for teachers. Information on the program was presented to all secondary science teachers at the
Escambia County School's teacher in-service training day for the 2003-2004 school year. Several
school field trips were conducted in association with the program.
Helped revise and provide materials for the statewide for the statewide 4-H Marine Ecology
Judging Event; held workshops in St. Johns County for interested youth. Provided study materials
to 34 youth in Nassau, Duval and St. Johns counties. Provided specimens and helped run
competition at Camp Ocala.
The Brevard County agent provided 38 species living plants, dry corals, mollusks to supplement
other species brought from other locations in support of 2003 contest.
10.10 Develop marine environmental programs for local K-12 teachers. (Combs, Crane, Creswell,
Diller, S. Jackson, Mahan, McGuire, Novak, Stevely, Sturmer, Sweat, Verlinde, Wasno)
The Miami-Dade county agent developed marine environmental programs on coral reefs,
seagrass, marine debris, and invasive species for approximately thirty K-12 teachers. Teachers
received these materials by attending a teacher workshop or through an educational site visit.
Inspired by a local teacher, Dr. Diane Culver, Sea Grant Extension developed the "Dunes in
Schools" program to teach environmental responsibility and stewardship of community coastal
dune natural resource assets. The "Exploration" Class at Seaside Charter School propagated dune
plant materials in their classroom for restoration. Instruction topics focused on dune vegetation,
sand erosion, sea turtle biology, and wildlife habitat. Lessons were correlated to Sunshine State
Standards. The entire Student Body participated in a dune restoration project on a critically eroded
beach "their" plants along with other donated materials. Approximately 3,000 plants were
installed to restore 1,000 feet of Gulf front beach.
Service to schools
--Coastal Dune Stewardship And Careers in Science Walton High School, DeFuniak Springs,
Florida -- Presented an in classroom education program and touch tank display to teach the
importance of dunes and associated habitats and ecology. Also lead a discussion with students
regarding career opportunities in Science.
--Butler Elementary School Completed Dunes in Schools Service Learning education program
by students planting native dune vegetation and celebrating their successes.
--Freeport Elementary School Assisted in teaching, organizing and supporting "Give Forest a
Hand" with numerous activities and instruction in cooperation with 4th grade teachers, extension
agents, and other outside agency support. Students planted trees at the Government and Education
Center in South Walton County.
--Walton County School District Area Science Fair- Served as a judge for the junior biological
--Seaside Neighborhood School Dunes in Schools program for students involved in "Classroom
--Provided Community Service and Learning opportunities regarding control of invasive non-
native plants for students from Okaloosa-Walton Community College and Horticulture Students
from local technical program in Fort Walton Beach.
Presented workshops at annual conferences of League of Environmental Educators of Florida and
Florida Association of Science Teachers. Conducted teacher workshop at Florida School for the
Deaf and Blind. Made presentations at FAEP, National Marine Educators Association. Provided
technical assistance to invertebrate group at the Rose Bay Legacy Program (through Mainland
High School, Volusia County).
Contributed to writing and production of the Resource Ranger video series on stormwater,
watersheds and seagrasses. In addition, provided beach ecology field trips for approximately 300
elementary and middle school students. Presented marine ecology and Resource Ranger club
opportunities to 60 Santa Rosa science teachers.
Provided to Marine Environmental program K-12 teachers: Riverwalk County Park field trip (40
elementary students, 15 adults). This included instruction on marine invasive exotics.
10.11 Coordinate statewide 4H poster contest celebrating Oceans Day at the State Capitol. (Combs,
Crane, McGuire, Spranger)
The Miami-Dade county agent assisted in the development and distribution of a Statewide Poster
Contest for 4-H program for Oceans Day 2003. Theme for the posters was "Conserving Florida's
Ocean Resources". Prizes for the winners included trips to Tallahassee for Oceans Day.
A successful statewide 4-H poster contest was conducted. Florida Sea Grant Communications
developed an educational exhibit and posters that were displayed during Oceans Day held in April
2003 in Tallahassee. More than 500 youth attended this event. The winning 4-h youth traveled to
the state capital, where they met and had their picture taken with their local state legislator.
The Northeast Florida agent developed guidelines and registration materials for Oceans Day
The Brevard County agent participated in publicity and solicitation of 4-H poster contest at
Oceans Day. One Brevard 4-H club statewide winner, John Fred, Palm Bay.
10.12 Develop online or hard-copy newsletter or newspaper articles on local marine/coastal topics that
are distributed to interested citizens. (Combs, Crane, Creswell, Diller, Gregory, S. Jackson,
Mahan, McGuire, Novak, Stevely, Sturmer, Sweat, Verlinde, Wasno)
Developed online and hard-copy newsletter titled "At the Waters Edge" on local marine/coastal
topics that are distributed to 500 interested citizens bi-monthly.
Continued to develop and update the Escambia County Marine Extension web site as a source of
marine resource educational information. Interviewed by local media for articles on sea turtles,
Project Greenshores, fish venting, and other topics.
A fact sheet on sea turtles of Walton County and a CD-Rom on information for beginning
aquaculturists were produced by the Okaloosa/Walton County agent.
A CDROM on Informationfor Beginning Aquaculturists was developed and distributed in the
Florida Panhandle. (Scott Jackson)
Newspaper articles by Monroe County agent included: 1) The need for cautious boating in the
shallow-water backcountry areas of the Florida Keys, 2) Hypothermia and the dangers of cold
winter waters around the Keys, 3) Seagrass-friendly backcountry boating required skill and
caution, 4) Yellowtail snapper is the Keys' premier fish, 5) The importance of protecting your
household papers from loss during a hurricane, 6) The early life history of lobsters, including their
planktonic larval life and early benthic stages in the Keys.
The Monroe County agent was interviewed by the Key West Citizen on two occasions for an
articles concerning 1) new recreational billfish regulations and 2) the new lobster regulations
affecting commercial and recreational divers.
Radio programs by Monroe County agent:
WWUS, "Morning Magazine", Big Pine Key. Issues: Shrimp disaster assistance; Florida Keys
Lobster Workshop; Yellowtail fishery status; Loss of working waterfront; Conflicts between
commercial trap and diver fishermen.
WFFG, "On the Water", Marathon. Issue: Catch and release techniques and a description of a fish
venting tool for releasing air trapped in the body cavity of fish caught from deep water.
WKEZ, "Keys Roundtable", Islamorada. Issues: Florida Keys Lobster Workshop; Educational
resources available from Florida Sea Grant (appeared twice, once jointly with Alex Score);
Was interviewed by Florida Public Radio about the status of the goliath grouper population and
the feasibility of allowing a limited recreational harvest. Goliath grouper was once over fished and
harvest has been prohibited since 1992. Its population is gradually recovering but it is still not at
the level where harvest can be allowed.
Web: See http://monroe.ifas.ufl.edu/mces3.htm for FSG marine extension information on Seafood
Safety and HACCP, the lobster workshop, clean boating, archived newspaper articles, the Sentinel
lobster project results, and hurricane preparedness.
Created a new format and title for a quarterly newsletter addressing issues concerning the shellfish
aquaculture industry in the state. Three issues (January, May and September) of The Bivalve
Bulletin were sent to over 700 producers, nursery operators, equipment suppliers, wholesalers and
distributors in 11 counties, as well as to state agency representatives, elected officials and
Produced four quarterly newsletters which are sent in hard copy or electronically to over 700
Created the Pensacola Bay Watershed News, newsletter of the Pensacola Bay watershed.
The agent provides information about free publications related to marine issues available through
his website as part of the St. Lucie County Cooperative Extension program. In addition, two
newspaper articles were written and an aquaculture fact sheet was produced.
Brevard Sea Grant agent quoted in front page newspaper articles, Florida Today, "Challenge,
solitude offset obstacles for clammers", Florida battles Brazilian menace", "Tourney may crack
secrets of the tarpon", Brazilian pepper article widely distributed in Florida, and was concurrently
published in Miami Herald, Jacksonville Times-Union, Orlando Sentinel, and in Naples -
circulation greater than 2 million.
10.13 Provide Master Naturalist Programs featuring wetlands and coastal systems to interested citizens
and establish a volunteer coastal program for marine extension. (Crane, Diller, S. Jackson,
The Miami-Dade county agent has established partners for conducting a Spring 2004 Coastal
Module Course for the Florida Master Naturalist Program. Partners will assist in teaching the
students and organizing field trips in 2004.
Organized, instructed, graduated, and evaluated the first coastal systems course of the Florida
Master Naturalist Program in the Florida Panhandle. Seven students received over 40 hours of
instruction and are now available as volunteers to the marine extension program and other natural
resource educational efforts.
A 40-hour educational extension program featuring Florida's Coastal Ecosystems was presented
to residents of Walton and Bay Counties. Educational activities included classroom instruction,
field trips, and practical interpretive experience related to general ecology, habitats, vegetation
types, wildlife, and conservation issues of coastal systems in Florida. In addition the program
enhanced naturalist interpretation skills and addressed environmental ethics. Students created new
educational programs and resources as part of their final projects for the class. These projects
were influenced and directed at addressing local issues and needs in natural resource stewardship
and education. Examples of project work include: Children's activity book for the Mammals of
Topsail Hill State Preserve, a field guide for a beach walk in Camp Helen State Park, introduction
of Audubon conservation principles to Camp Creek Golf Course (St. Joe Arvida), and a display
depicting the problem of marine debris and litter. All these projects have been utilized to teach
others in our community. The newly trained Master Naturalists are also involved in a variety of
volunteer and career opportunities which allow them to share their knowledge and sills with
The Santa Rosa County agent taught the Florida Master Naturalist wetlands module to 10
10.14 Assist local agencies in development of sea turtle awareness programs. (Combs, Diller, S.
Work was conducted with the National Park Service at Gulf Islands National Seashore to monitor
sea turtle nesting activity in Escambia County. NPS scientists were assisted in attaching a satellite
transmitter to a female loggerhead turtle. Continue to update the Escambia County Marine
Extension web site with nesting activity and turtle tracking updates. Received a grant from the
Florida Sea Turtle License Plate grant program for "Turtle Friendly Beaches" educational
The Santa Rosa County agent, with Andrew Diller, continues to develop Sea Turtle friendly
The Brevard County agent had no involvement in sea turtle programming in 2003 intends to re-
establish involvement in 2004 as in years past.
10.15 Conduct Central Gulf of Mexico Center for Ocean Science Education Excellence summer
teacher training institute that will involve middle school teachers and scientists in field-based and
online training. (Spranger)
A week-long field-based COSEE Teacher Training Institute was held in Cedar Key and
Gainesville in June, 2003. The online, internet training was held July-August 2003. Topics
covered included harmful algal blooms, coral reefs, hypoxia, sharks, invasive species, marine
technology, marine and coastal processes, marine and coastal habitats. 11 teachers and 5 scientists
10.16 Conduct Central Gulf of Mexico Center for Ocean Science Education Excellence fall
conference that will involve informal educators, agency representatives, and scientists in
discussions on ocean science education in the State of Florida. (Spranger)
An informal educator conference was held in Gainesville in December 2003. More than 80
individuals attended. Topics included invasive species, sharks, marine biotechnology, ocean
observation systems and marine ornamentals. A panel discussion was also developed on
"Bridging the Gap between science and education". The panel included representation from the
University of Florida, Florida Institute of Technology, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation
Commission and Duval School District.
10.17 Continue to provide technical assistance to the Florida Marine Mammal stranding Network and
Florida Feasibility Study. (Wasno)
Conducted a statewide workshop for all state marine mammal stranding network leaders to review
proper reporting protocols and necropsy techniques. Workshop was conducted at the Florida
Marine Research Institute's Biopathology Lab in St. Petersburg. 22 participants representing six
networks attended. Post workshop knowledge surveys indicated 150% increase in overall
stranding network competency.
Key to Individual Responsibilities
A dam s ............................................................... ......... ...... 4, 5, 6, 7, 13, 14, 16, 34
Antonini ............. ............................. ........ ............... 29
A rn o ld ................... ................... ................................................................. .. 1 0
B a ld w in ................... ................... ................... .........................................1 1
B e rz in s ................... ...................................................................................... . ..... ..... 1 0
B lak e ......... .......... .............0 12............................
B olker ................................................ 3
Butler .................................................................. 3
Cardeilhac ........... .... ..... ......... ........................................ 10
C a to ................................................................................................................................... 1 4 0 4 1 4 2 4 3
C olem an ............................. ................ ......................................... 3, 12
Combs .................................................... 7, 14, 18, 30, 36, 37, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55
Crane....................................................... 7, 30, 31, 36, 37, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55
Creswell ........................................ 7, 12, 14, 16, 17, 19, 30, 34, 36, 37, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53
D a m ro n ........................................................... . .. .... .... .. .................................. 4 8
Diller................................................ 7, 30, 33, 34, 36, 37, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55
F ran cis-F loy d .................. ...................1.................0..........
Gregory .......................... .......... ................ ......4, 6, 7, 9, 34, 48, 49, 51, 53
H alstead .... ........................... ...................................................................................... .............. ..... 10
H einrich ............................................................................. . . 3
J a c k so n ........................................................................................................................ . . .......... 3 0 3 9
Jacob y ............................................................................ 3 3 3 6 4 8 4 9
Jacoby: .......................... ........................................ 36
K e arl ......... ......... ..............7 4 8............................
K o e n ig ........... ............................................................................................................................................. 3
Leber........................................................................ 10, 12
L ev ita n ................. ................... ...................3..........
M ahan ..................................................... .............. 9, 14, 18, 19, 34, 36, 50, 51, 52, 54
M a in ......................................................... .. .. .. .... .... .. ........ .......... ............... 4 3
McGuire ......... .... ..... ....... ........ 7, 30, 32, 34, 36, 37, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54
Novak................................................. 7, 8, 9, 14, 18, 30, 32, 34, 36, 50, 51, 52, 54
O senberg ................................... ......... .............................................. . . 3
O tw ell ............................................................................ 18 2 0 2 1, 2 2
P h lip s ...................................................................................................................................................... 1 0
Pom poni ............. .... ..... ......... ........................................................... 1
S. Jackson .............. ...... ........................................ 7, 8, 17, 30, 33, 34, 36, 37, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55
S e a m a n .......................................................................................................................... 1 2 3 6 4 1 4 2 4 3
S id m an .................................................................. ................................. .......... ................... 2 6 2 8 2 9
Spranger.............................................................................. 7, 23, 30, 34, 36, 39, 45, 53, 56
St. M ary ............................................. .. .. ....... ..... ............. 3
Stevely ......................................................................... 7, 8, 9, 19, 30, 32, 34, 36, 38, 51, 52, 54
Sturmer ................................... .............. 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 34, 49, 51, 52, 54
Sw eat............................ .................. ........ .. .............. 7, 8, 12, 13, 22, 30, 34, 36, 51, 52, 54
Sw ett ..................................................................2 3 ,2 6 ,2 8,2 9 3 0
Turingan............................... .............. 12
Verlinde ............................... 7, 30, 33, 34, 36, 37, 45, 49, 50, 51, 52, 54, 55
Wagner.............................. ................................... 48
Wasno .............................. ..... ............... 7, 8, 9, 14, 30, 34, 36, 46, 49, 50, 51, 52, 54, 56
W h iteh ou se ................................48.............................
W illou g hb y ................................................... ............................... 1
Z im m e rm a n ................................................................................................................ .............. ...... 4 7 4 8
3.0 PROGRAM FUNDING FROM ALL SOURCES
Level federal funding during the 1980s and early 1990s for the National Sea Grant College Program has clearly
impacted Florida Sea Grant core programs. While some increased funding has been received in recent years, the
level of effort or "buying power" of core program funds is still woefully short of early 1980 levels. When inflation
is taken into account, the peak buying power year was 1980. Significant core program increases began in 1997, but
buying power for 2003 was still 34 percent below the peak year. With 2003 core program funds at $1,990K, and
adding funds awarded to Florida due to national competitions of $874K, the overall 2003 buying power of the
program was still 17 percent below the peak year, as noted in Table 1.
The number of full time equivalents (FTEs) budgeted for the core program from 1986 through 1988 ranged
from 55 to 58. This is a level much lower than that of the late 1970's and early 1980's. The pattern of decrease has
been repeated in faculty and graduate student research and in the extension program. Education programs (other
than graduate student support and those conducted within Extension) were virtually eliminated in 1985 with
attempts made to obtain funding for that component from other sources. For the last decade, FTEs supported with
core program funds are about 45 as shown in Table 2.
While FTEs have declined, the cost of operating research, education and Extension programs per FTE has
increased. In terms of current dollars, the cost per FTE has increased from a low of $13,000 in 1976 to a high of
$49,000 in 2000. Clearly, level or slowly growing budgets and a higher cost per FTE have driven downward the
number of FTEs the program is able to purchase. On a real dollar basis (accounting for inflation), the cost per FTE
has risen from a low of $27,000 in 1984 to $45,950 in 2003 as shown in Figure 1.
Florida Sea Grant historically matched federal funds on an approximate 1:1 basis. During 1989 and 1990 this
ratio was reduced and since 1991, our core program proposal has been matched on a 2:1 basis as required by federal
law. University policy now mandates that matching funds may only be included at the rate prescribed by the
Florida Sea Grant's recent funding history indicates an increased reliance on funding other than federal Sea
Grant dollars. A comparative analysis of all Sea Grant funding sources for 2001-2002 to 2003-2004 indicates that
the federal NOAA Sea Grant core program funds represented from 35 to 44 percent of total Florida Sea Grant
program effort as shown in Table 3. Florida Sea Grant's use of federal Sea Grant program funds has consistently
met national guidelines that at least 50 percent be used to fund research as shown in Table 4. A listing of all funding
sources for the Florida Sea Grant College Program funds for the last three years is shown in Table 5, 6 and 7.
Sea Grant federal funds plus all extramural grants generated 9.7 times the amount of state appropriations
received through the Education and General budget of the University of Florida for 2003-04. Including faculty
salaries dedicated to the program by UF/IFAS, 4.2 grant dollars were generated per state dollar of 2003
appropriations as shown in Table 8.
Table 1. Federal Sea Grant funding ($1,000's) for Florida Sea Grant College Program, 1972-2004e
Current Reala Percent Below
Year Core Funding National Competitions Total Core Total Core Total
1972 378 1188 58
1973 600 1786 37
1974 740 2022 29
1975 900 2248 21
1976 975 2305 19
1977 1125 2499 12
1978 1260 2612 8
1979 1450 2775 3
1980 1627 2852 0
1981 1575 2525 11
1982 1575 2377 17
1983 1428 2073 27
1984 1458 2041 28
1985 1458 1973 31
1986 1506 b 2000 30
1987 1506 1941 32
1988 1386 c 1728 39
1989 1489 1788 37
1990 1530 1769 38
1991 1652 1843 35
1992 1652 1799 37
1993 1500 86 1586 1595 1686 44 41
1994 1500 127 1827 1562 1903 45 33
1995 1620 626 2246 1653 2292 42 20
1996 1620 455 2075 1620 2075 43 27
1997 1880 194 2074 1844 2034 35 29
1998 1780 322 2102 1724 2036 40 29
1999 1846 444 2290 1762 2186 38 23
2000 1907 1125 3032 1784 2836 37 1
2001 1965 463 2428 1796 2219 36 22
2002 1990 535 2525 1798 2282 37 20
2003 1990 504 2494 1884 2360 34 17
2004e 1990 874 2864
a Deflated using Gross Domestic Product Price deflator, 1996=100.
b Includes MAREP add-on and GRH reduction.
c After NOAA overall budget cut of seven percent from base of $1,489K.
d Beginning in 1993, total Sea Grant federal funding includes various initiatives and other funds provided through
special national competitions.
e As of March 2004.
Table 2. Individuals and full-time equivalents (FTEs) supported by federal Sea Grant core program
Research Number Education Advisory Total
Year Faculty Students Total FTE Number FTE Number FTE Number FTE
1972 14 25 47 13 0 0 6 1 59 15
1973 29 39 93 32 0 0 10 8 103 40
1974 32 34 17 36 0 0 29 10 136 46
1975 44 55 151 49 8 b 4 13 204 62
1976 38 50 109 40 17 12 26 22 152 74
1977 32 54 108 40 24 14 74 27 206 81
1978 28 37 115 42 23 4 59 26 197 77
1979 34 41 99 49 31 2 115 32 245 83
1980 46 38 128 48 7 1 111 28 246 77
1981 53 39 153 46 4 1 120 31 277 78
1982 39 35 91 44 12 3 108 34 211 81
1983 29 30 75 33 1 1 102 32 178 65
1984 48 44 108 39 5 2 102 29 216 70
1985 48 48 118 37 2 b 89 26 209 64
1986 39 35 83 30 0 0 90 26 173 55
1987 44 23 86 30 4 4 79 27 181 58
1988 53 30 96 31 0 0 79 27 181 57
1989 48 24 87 28 9 2 37 15 133 44
1990 45 23 81 28 7 1 36 15 133 44
1991 44 26 85 26 0 0 29 22 114 48
1992 43 25 80 25 0 0 29 22 109 47
1993 29 20 61 19 0 0 29 22 90 41
1994 25 14 48 18 0 0 32 22 80 40
1995 38 16 54 19 4 6 22 22 96 45
1996 39 14 53 19 0 0 22 22 97 45
1997 54 24 101 24 0 0 23 19 124 43
1998 46 21 70 20 0 0 34 24 104 44
1999 44 21 68 21 0 0 33 23 101 44
2000 55 24 82 20 0 0 29 19 111 39
2001 65 31 99 26 0 0 28 19 127 45
2002 39 30 71 20 0 0 34 25 105 45
2003 36 27 64 20 0 0 34 25 98 44
2004 37 21 58 15 0 0 35 26 93 41
Table 3. Florida Sea Grant funding effort by source for fiscal years (1 July 30 June)
2001-2002 to 2003-2004
Source 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04
$000 % $000 % $000 %
Federal NOAA Sea Grant Core 1,990 44.3 2,000 42.6 1,990 34.2
Federal NOAA Sea Grant National 500 11.1 504 10.8 874 15.0
Faculty Match (Core + National)a 755 16.8 794 16.9 1,114 19.2
Other Federal Grantsc 155 3.5 277 5.9 327 5.6
Non-federal Grantsd 133 3.0 97 2.1 400 6.9
State Appropriationsb 754 16.8 810 17.3 849 14.6
Florida Counties 205 4.6 208 4.4 220 3.8
Foundations/Endowments NR NR NR NR 42 0.7
Total Program Effort 4,492 100.0 4,690 100.0 5,816 100.0
a This includes all match except state university system appropriations used as match.
b This includes state appropriations to Florida Sea Grant via the Education and General budget of the University of Florida and
via the UF/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences used as match in extension, communications and management.
' Does not include a $418K USDA special award in 2003 coordinated by S. Otwell. Does not include a $25K award from
NMFS in 2003 coordinated by C. Adams.
d Does not include a $75K Interstate Shellfish Coordinating Committee award in 2003 coordinated by S. Otwell. Does not
include a $30K GSAFDF award in 2003 coordinated by C. Adams.
NR Not reported prior to 2003-04. Became more significant in 2003-04.
Source calculated from data in Tables 5, 6 and 7.
Table 4. Percentage of Florida Sea Grant core and total sea grant federal funds used for research, extension,
communications and management, 2001-02 to 2003-04.
2001-02 2002-03 2003-04
Program Function Core (%)
Research 51.1 51.3 51.1
Extension 31.1 31.0 31.1
Communications 8.3 8.3 8.3
Management 9.5 9.5 9.5
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 100.0
Research 55.8 51.6 59.2
Extension 30.0 35.7 28.4
Communications 6.6 5.9 5.8
Management 7.6 6.8 6.6
TOTAL 100.0 100.0 100.0
Source: Calculated from data in Tables 5, 6 and 7.
Table 5. Florida Sea Grant College Program funding from all sources, July 1, 2001 to June 30, 2002.
Federal Sea Grant Core: Federal Match
Research $1,016,000 $518,690
Extension 620,000 310,000
Communications 165,000 85,000
Management 189,000 94,500
TOTAL SEA GRANT CORE $1,990,000 $1,008,190
Federal Sea Grant National Competitions:
E/NS-2 ANS Education $27,000 $13,500
E/ST-27 Knauss Fellowship -Sbeih 38,000 0
R/C-E-46 Swamp Eel Biology 91,006 50,235
R/LR-Q-23 Gulf Oyster Products 200,000 100,000
R/LR-Q-21 Oyster Decontamination 144,300 72,150
TOTAL FEDERAL SEA GRANT NATIONAL $500,306 $235,885
Other Federal Grants
PD-02-04 Florida Bay $25,000 $0
PD-01-03 US/Japan Natural Resources 10,000 0
PD-01-04 Marine Ornamental '02 10,000 0
TBD Coastal Storms Initiative 109,729 0
TOTAL OTHER FEDERAL GRANTS $154,729 $0
TOTAL FEDERAL GRANTS $2,645,035 $1,244,075
MATCH COVERED BY STATE ($489,500)
NET MATCH $754,575
Florida Keys Sponge Populations $5,000 $0
Manatee County Waterway Management 39,500 0
WCIND (Five-Year Comprehensive) 40,000 0
FMRI 2002 Blueways Charlotte Harbor 23,340 0
FMRI Vessel Registration Study 25,000 0
TOTAL NON-FEDERAL GRANTS $138,840 $0
TOTAL GRANT FUNDING $2,777,875 $754,575
Counties $205,160 0
E&G $319,440 $0
IFAS (Dedicated to SG) 435,000 0
TOTAL SEA GRANT FUNDING $3,737,475 $754,575
Table 6. Florida Sea Grant College Program from all sources, July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2003.
Federal Sea Grant Core: Federal Match
Research $1,026,000 $504,089
Extension 620,000 310,000
Communications 165,000 87,500
Management 189,000 98,500
TOTAL SEA GRANT CORE $2,000,000 $1,000,089
Federal Sea Grant National Competitions:
E/INDST-2 Industry Fellow 30,000 30,000
E/ST-28 Knauss Fellowship Childs 38,000 0
E/T-8 Sharks in Perspective 67,426 33,713
R/LR-Q-23 Oyster Market Research 200,000 100,000
R/C-E-46 Swamp Eel Introduction 88,196 42,735
E/FishExt-SA So. Atlantic Fish Extension 37,608 18,804
E/FishExt-GM Gulf Fish Extension 27,300 13,650
E/Fish-Ext-FSG Sea Grant Extension 15,000 7,500
TOTAL FEDERAL SEA GRANT NATIONAL $ 503,530 $ 246,402
Other Federal Grants:
CDI-Fann Coastal Data Service 50,900 0
E/T-9 So. FL Marine Ecosystem 80,000 0
PD-02-08 Urban Bays & Waterways Mgmt 41,280 0
COSEE Gulf of Mexico 48,556 0
SEA-COOS U. of North Carolina 29,500 0
COSEE Dauphin Island Lab 27,000 13,500
TOTAL OTHER FEDERAL GRANTS $ 277,236 $ 43,500
TOTAL FEDERAL GRANTS $2,780.766 $1,289,991
MATCH COVERED BY STATE APPROPRIATIONS $(496,000)
NET MATCH $ 793,991
Florida Keys Sponge Population 5,000 0
Oyster Habitats in Southwest Florida 4,830 0
Recreational Boating 69,450 0
FMRI Vessel Registration Study 18,000 0
TOTAL NON-FEDERAL GRANTS $ 97,280 0
TOTAL GRANT FUNDING $2,870,046 $ 793,991
Counties $ 208,315 0
E&G 363,180 0
IFAS 446,964 0
TOTAL SEA GRANT FUNDING $3,888,505 $ 793,991
Table 7. Sea Grant funding July 1, 2003 to June 30, 2004.
Federal Sea Grant Core: Federal Match
Research $1,016,000 $ 480,846
Extension 620,000 310,000
Communications 165,000 85,000
Management 189,000 123,500
Other 0 0
TOTAL SEA GRANT CORE $1,990,000 $ 999,346
Federal Sea Grant National Competitions:
E/INDST-2 Industry Fellow 30,000 30,000
E/ST-29 Knauss Fellowship Childs 38,000 0
E/T-11 146,792 79,777
R/C-E-47 80,003 40,000
R/C-E-48 146,922 73,461
R/MI-12 100,000 135,158
E/TP-3 45,000 22,846
R/LR-Q-25 100,000 139,358
R/LR-Q-26 157,700 93,586
R/C-E-49 29,158 19,289
TOTAL FEDERAL SEA GRANT NATIONAL COMPETITIONS $ 873,575 $ 633,475
Other Sea Grants:
Manatee Protection NA04NOS4730008 98,274 0
COSEE Gulf of Mexico 48,556 0
SEA-COOS University of North Carolina 175,000 0
EPA 5,000 0
TOTAL OTHER FEDERAL GRANTS $ 326,830 0
TOTAL FEDERAL GRANTS $3,190,405 $1,632,821
MATCH COVERED BY STATE APPROPRIATIONS $(518,500)
NET MATCH $1,114,321
South Florida Waterways Management District 400,000 0
TOTAL NON-FEDERAL GRANTS $ 400,000 0
TOTAL GRANT FUNDING $3,590,405 $1,114,321
Foundations/Endowment Revenues $ 42,174 0
Counties $ 220,425 0
E&G 07/01/03 06/30/04 371,721 0
IFAS 07/01/03 06/30/04 476,928 0
TOTAL SEA GRANT FUNDING $4,701,653 $1,114,321
Table 8. Florida Sea Grant total grants generated per dollar of state appropriations,
2002-2003 program year.
UF Appropriations UF/IFAS Faculty
Through Education Dedicated to Sea Grant Total
and General Budget ($476,928) ($848,649)
Sea Grant Federal Funds 7.7 6.0 3.4
All Other Extramural Grants 2.0 1.5 .8
TOTAL 9.7 7.5 4.2
Source: Calculated from Table 6.
Figure 1. A comparison of Florida Sea Grant core program FTEs
and current and real funding per FTE, 1972-2003.
72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 00 01 02 03
72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86
88 90 92 94 96 99 00 01 02 03
4.0 INSTITUTIONS INVOLVED
Florida has a unique network of public and private marine academic institutions (see Figure 1).
Florida's academic institutions are rapidly coming of age. They are finding their niche and are being challenged and
are responding to that challenge of providing national leadership. Florida scientists are coming to the forefront in
pulling the land, sea, and air sciences together and integrating science and politics to find out what science means to
the people. For 2003 ten (of 16) institutions (both public and private) participated through the receipt of Sea Grant
funding for annual projects. In addition, ten cooperating institutions and laboratories, four NOAA offices, two state
agencies, two regional management districts, five foundations and non-governmental organizations, seven
companies and 37 counties participated. A complete listing is in Table 1.
Table 1. List of Florida Sea Grant program participants in NOAA funded core,
national competition and pass-through projects, 2003.
Florida Atlantic University
Florida Institute of Technology
Florida International University
Florida State University
Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution
Mote Marine Laboratory
Nova Southeastern University
University of Florida
University of Miami
University of South Florida
University of Central Florida
Dauphin Island Sea Laboratory
Naval Postgraduate School
University of Groningen Netherlands
University of Illinois
University of North Carolina
University of South Alabama
University of Southern Mississippi
Virginia Institute of Marine Science
South Florida Water Management District
West Coast Inland Navigation District
Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida
Marine Research Institute
Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services
NOAA, National Ocean Service
NOAA, National Marine Fisheries Service
NOAA, Coastal Services Center
NOAA, Strategic Environmental Assessments Division,
Office of Ocean Resources Conservation and
Foundations and Non-governmental Organizations
Curtis & Edith Munson Foundation
Gulf and South Atlantic Fisheries Development
Harbor Branch Oceanographic
National Audubon Society
National Fisheries Institute
National Geographic Society
ABC Research Co.
Disney Animal Kingdom
*All coastal counties participate via the Florida Cooperative
Extension Service. However, eight lack specific Sea Grant
Figure 1. Florida Sea Grant's Academic Community of Marine Research, Education and Extension
(Locations shown are approximate)
University of West Florida, Pensacola
Florida A&M University, Tallahassee
Florida State University, Tallahassee
University of North Florida, Jacksonville
University of Florida, Gainesville
University of Central Florida, Orlando
Florida Institute of Tecl,...- i .
University of South Florida, Tampa & St.
Mote Marine Laboratory, Sarasota
Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, Ft.
Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton
Nova Southeastern University, Ft. Lauderdale
University of Miami, Miami
Florida International University, Miami
Florida Gulf Coast University, Ft. Myers
New College of Florida, Sarasota
i 'L'.I (I.lllr I-l l'-I,,I. ( t11111 1i-.lultl
0 Santa Rosa
SCitrus, Hernando, Levy, Pasco,
*Hillsborough, Manatee, Sarasota
SSouth Florida Ecosystem, Miami-Dade
UNassau, Duval, St. Johns, Flagler
li I IdI.I .i I l r ( .1.1 p al.ll' .ll
Florida Sea Grant Management
( I. l1111c I 1 III lIt l --.I N\.
Grant Extension County
Dr. James C. Cato, Director
Florida Sea Grant College
University of Florida
PO Box 110400
Gainesville, FL 32611-0400
(352) 392-5870 x227
Fax: (352) 392-5113
email: jcato @ifas.ufl.edu
5.0 PROJECTS FUNDED
List of Florida Sea Grant Projects That Were Active During 2003 and Funded by Sea Grant/NOAA and
Extramural Sources, in Three Major Categories
I. CORE PROGRAM PROJECTS
(This list includes projects that were completing or in process in 2003)
R/LR-B-53, Bioenergetic Response of Gag Grouper to Reef Habitat Configuration - Gag grouper is a
highly prized fish in the Southeast United States. The fishing is under intense management, scrutiny and pressure.
This project will link the importance of essential fish habitat to gag grouper population dynamics. This will allow
management agencies to make science-based decisions related to essential fish habitat.
R/LR-B-54, High-throughput Molecular Genetic Identification of Shark Body Parts for Forensic
Applications in Conservation, Fisheries Management and Trade Monitoring - Declining shark population
worldwide have prompted concern about the sustainable health of the resource. Management on a species-specific
basis is under consideration. This is currently not possible due to considerable difficulties in identifying shark
carcasses and fins. The development of false identification methods is needed before valid data can be obtained
and management measures developed.
R/LR-B-55PD, The Effectiveness of Bycatch Reduction Devices on Crab Pots at Reducing Capture and
Mortality of Diamondback Terrapins and Enhancing Capture of Blue Crabs - Diamondback terrapins
range along the eastern and Gulf coasts of the U.S. and prefer the same habitat as blue crabs. Large numbers of
terrapins enter crab pots and drown as bycatch. Much of the mortality is avoidable with the use of bycatch
reduction devices that limit the entrance size of trap funnels. This project is designed to test bycatch devices
which can reduce turtle mortality.
R/LR-A-36, Solving a Bottleneck: Identification and Production of Copepods Suitable for Rearing the
Early Life History Stages of Marine Ornamental Fish and Invertebrates - Suitable food for early life stages
of cultured fish is a bottleneck for raising them for the ornamental fish hobby-based market. The goal of this
project is to scale-up production of copepod species as food for rearing tropical ornamentals.
R/LR-A-37, Diversification for the Hard Clam Aquaculture Industry Through Investigation of Blood Ark
and Ponderous Ark Reduction and Development - Clam aquaculture is currently focused on a single species.
Diversification is needed to allow the industry to grow. This project will help determine the production feasibility
of two marine bivalve species. Limited stocks of these species have prevented the development of major fisheries,
but aquaculture could provide a source of seed for both species. This project will focus on spawning and larval
R/LR-A-38PD, Development of Feeding Kinematics and Performance in Marine Fish Larvae: A Novel
Approach to Understanding Food Requirements of Marine Ornamental and Food Fish - This study uses a
novel laboratory and photographic approach to understanding key factors about a major problem in aquaculture.
High mortality rates occur during the first feeding stage of hatchery-reared marine fish larvae. Development of
techniques that will increase the survival rate is critical.
R/LR-MB-14, Development of a Biotechnological Production Method of Elisabethadione -- A Potent
Marine Anti-inflammatory Agent - A number of natural compounds from marine sources are now being used
as anti-inflammatory agents in medicines and other products. Elisabethadione is a biosynthetic intermediate that
leads to natural agents. The goal of this project is to develop a biotechnical production method of elisabethadione,
which in nature comes from the sea whip.
R/LR-MB-15, Quantitative Real-time PCR Probes for Pathogenic Vibrio Species - PCR is a quantitative
molecular methodology that offers higher throughout potential from current types of analysis, providing results
within hours, not days. The goal of the project is to develop a real-time PCR for rapid, quantitative, cost-effective
technology for enumeration of Vibrio spp. in oyster. The methods will be developed for practical applications in
shellfish monitoring and for evaluation of post-harvest treatments.
R/LR-MB-16, Nemertine and Sponge Pyridyl Marine Natural Products as Anti-Fouling Agents -
Protection of marine surfaces against fouling organisms is a big business, but a difficult process to make
environmentally friendly. These natural products will be characterized and tested for barnacle larvae settling
inhibition, lethality, and crustacean chemoreceptor activities. These anti-fouling compounds will be tested in both
laboratory and field settings.
R/LR-MB-17, Investigation of the Molecular Target of the Lasonolides, Potent Anti-tumor Agents Isolated
from the Marine Sponge Forcepia Sp. - Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States.
Lasonolides appear to have a novel, but undefined mode of action to kill tumor cells. This project will help define
the utility of the compounds by identifying the primary protein target for the compounds.
R/LR-MB-18, Isolation and Characterization of Novel Pharmacological Agents from Atlantic and Panamic
Cone Snails - Conopeptides are powerful neuropharmacological agents that can be used for a wide variety of
applications. More than 100,000 conopeptides exist; however, few have been sequenced to date. The goal is to
obtain a novel set of Conopeptides and evaluate their potential as a therapeutic agent.
R/LR-MB-19PD, Molecular Basis of Marine Natural Product Function and Production for Improved
Utilization of Bioactive Compounds - This project provides leadership in a new direction to expand and
enhance natural products research. It focuses the latest advances in biotechnology to identify and determine the
mechanism of action of marine-derived compounds with pharmaceutical potential. It demonstrates the power of
cross-species array technology for the development of unconventional model systems, such as marine
invertebrates, to address questions in marine, cell and molecular biology.
R/C-E-44, Assessment of Sewage Impacts via Groundwater Discharge into Two Coastal Bays - The
potential for nitrogen and other inputs reaching coastal water via groundwater contaminated with sewage
discharge is high. State of the art techniques will be used to access the potential for sewage contamination of an
urban bay (Sarasota) and a less populated bay (Apalachicola). The results will be useful to help manage the use of
septic tanks in Florida's coastal zone.
R/C-E-45, Impact of Boat Wakes on the Eastern Oyster in the Southeastern U.S.: Maximizing
Sustainability and Restoration - Large human populations along Florida's coast have created conflicts
between human uses of the waterways and natural resources, such as oysters. This project will determine the
impact of boat wakes on intertidal oyster reefs and will provide coastal managers with data on which science-
based management decisions can be based.
R/C-S-41, Enhanced Commercial Selection and Micropropagation of Sea Oats for Dune Stabilization -
Commercial sea oats micropropagation for dune restoration is limited by absence of a protocol for efficient
production of multiple genotypes. Removing this limitation is critical for this technology to be used for
commercial application of the technology for dune stabilization and restoration. The goal for this project is to
develop an efficient protocol.
R/C-S-42, Conditions for the Occurrence and Stability of Rip Current - About 36,000 beachgoers are
rescued from rip currents annually. About 30 rip current-related deaths were reported in Florida in a recent year.
The goal of this project is to develop rip current threshold criteria for rip current channels, identify conditions
under which significant rip channels develop, and determine ways the beachgoing public can be warned of
R/C-S-43, Hurricane Wind Gusts Structures: Movement, Characterization and Coastal Damage Mitigation
- Florida coasts are impacted by hurricane winds which create structural damage and public hazards. Affordable
solutions to mitigate damage can only follow from an accurate quantification of the wind forces causing the
destruction. This project will develop new instrumentation for ground-level wind fields, create tools to analyze the
data and develop models to predict the effect of winds over a building.
R/C-P-24, Coastal Communities Waterways Management Program - Intensive boating by over one million
boaters in Florida waterways places tremendous environmental pressure on them. This project will use technical
and science-based education methods to educate Florida boaters. The goal is to have boaters become self-
regulatory in order to maintain boating as an economically valuable enterprise while at the same time eliminate
boating-related environmental damage.
R/C-P-25PD, A Method to Determine the Utility of the Vessel Title Registration System to Characterize
Florida's Boating Population - The rapid increase in the number of boats in Florida has created environmental
issues, while at the same time, boats create huge economic impacts for the state. Currently, expensive on-the-
water surveys are needed to compile data sufficient for boat traffic management use. This project will determine
the feasibility of modifying the Florida vessel registration system to make it more usable for research purposes.
R/LR-Q-22, Verification of Science-Based Controls for the Safe Use of Vacuum and Modified Atmosphere
Packaging of Seafood - The use of reduced-oxygen packaging continues to expand for seafood despite
warnings of potential food toxicity problems. This project will develop "smart-labels" for time-temperature
integration and packaging film permeability. Unbiased, scientifically based controls can then avert regulatory
interaction or product safety issues.
SGEP-13, Florida Sea Grant Extension Program - This work will continue to provide effective and
responsible extension education programming that promotes the wise use of coastal and marine resources in
Florida, with impacts that extend to the Southeast and the nation. Currently, Extension has 17 agents and 4
specialists that serve the 80% of Florida's population that live in the 36 coastal counties of the state. In
cooperation with industry Florida Sea Grant has made a significant impact on improving seafood quality and
seafood safety, for example through state, regional and national leadership in development of the Hazard Analysis
and Critical Control Point seafood inspection program. This effort has been recognized by the "Hammer Award"
of the Vice President of the U.S. for achievement by partnerships. Other efforts include guidance to local
government in developing artificial reefs, development of shellfish mariculture, assisting fishers and their families
deal with the impacts of the net ban in Florida, and use of rural tourism as an economic development tool.
COMM-5, Florida Sea Grant Communications Program - Although traditional publication efforts were
continued and enhanced, popular communications products were also produced with funding received from other
agencies. Recent accomplishments include: the production of more than 50,000 publications; the establishment of
an automated radio station in the Keys featuring current research information for Florida Bay; four stories
featured by CNN for use in the evening news and Science Desk segments; articles featured in the Washington
Post, USA Today, Miami Herald and the Chronicle of Higher Education highlighting Sea Grant research and
personnel; and the creation of listserves and homepages in support of regional and national Sea Grant projects.
I.C. Program Management and Development
M/PM-13, Florida Sea Grant Management - To meet the programmatic goal of Florida Sea Grant, i.e., the use
and conservation of the marine resources of Florida and the nation in a way that leads to a sustainable economy
and environment, this project works to coordinate and administer the State University System of Florida Sea
Grant College Program. Management activities have been judged against quantitative and qualitative
performance goals as mandated by the University of Florida and the National Sea Grant College Program Office.
M/PD-11, Coastal Science and Technology Innovation with Limited Funds: The Florida Sea Grant
Program Development Portfolio - This project continues to give Florida's universities and academic
laboratories, through Sea Grant, the unique capability to respond even in the middle of a fiscal year to timely
marine issues and demonstrations essential to coastal user groups. Projects are low budget with limited
objectives. All proposals are peer reviewed to insure technical merit and relevance. Projects are conducted if
they demonstrate a likelihood of rapid success and meet at least one of six criteria: (1) offer solution to clearly
defined timely problem; (2) address problem in opportunistic research area; (3) pilot study to see if longer project
justified; (4) provide information to attract support elsewhere; (5) Extension demonstration project; (6) timely
exchange of scientific information. Projects that were completing from earlier years and new projects started in
01-3 National Sea Grant Support for the 30th Meeting of the Aquaculture Panel of UJNR
01-4 Urban Bays and Waterways Management Program
01-8 14th International Scallop Aquaculture and Biology Workshop
01-10 Development of a Report "Legacy of Florida's Beaches"
02-7 Invasive Species in Florida's Saltwater Systems: Where We Are and Where We're Going?
03-1 Florida Sea Grant Elise B. Newell Seminar Series
03-2 Timely Marine Issues
03-3 Marine Biotechnology Outreach and Communication Foundation Using Florida Sea Grant
03-4 Spiny Lobster Technology Workshop for the Florida Lobster Industry
03-5 Toxic Sulfide Concentrations in the Sediments and Water Column of the Suwannee River
Estuary and its Influence on Hard Clam Survival
03-6 Support for Marine Ornamentals '04
03-7 Validation of Fatty Acid Signatures in Diet Analysis of Elasmobranch Fishes
03-8 Sub-cellular Localization of Enzymes Involved in Pseudopterosin Biosynthesis
03-9 Lariculture of Ornamental Emerald Crab and Caribbean and Reef Lobster
03-10 Strengthening the Collaborative Partnership of the Florida Sea Grant Boating and Waterway
03-11 Assessment of the Potential for an Invasive Macroalga (Caulerpa brachypus) to Establish
Populations in the Indian River Lagoon, Florida Based on Salinity Tolerances
II. ADDITIONAL PROJECTS FROM SPECIAL INITIATIVES AND NATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES
(Either in process or started in 2003)
II. A. Research
R/LR-B-51, Fisheries Habitat: Evaluating Gag Spawning Aggregations and Benthic Habitat in the West
Florida Shelf- West Florida shelf-edge reefs are of major importance to reef fish fishery production of the Gulf
of Mexico. Almost all the important reef fisheries are overfished and some are threatened. This project will
monitor changes in gag grouper spawning aggregations, determine movement patterns, reef fish populations and
describe habitat characteristics. These results will allow management to occur using science-based information.
R/LR-B-52, Field Assessment of the Effects of Artificial Reefs and Their Role in Fisheries Management -
Artificial reefs are a potentially powerful management tool that can be used to enhance fish production and divert
deleterious impacts away from natural habitat. To date, their use is limited by some interests due to a scientific
controversy over attraction-production. Solutions to this problem must quantify the negative effects of attracting
fish away from natural reefs, the positive effects of providing new habitat, and the compensatory responses
mediated by reducing density-dependence on natural reefs. Impact assessment, experimental design and a
statistical framework will be developed for long-term studies of fish dynamics, using important ornamental reef
fish species in the Florida Keys. These small reef fishes comprise an emerging fishery, and provide a tractable
model system in which to explore the efficacy of artificial reefs.
R/LR-A-34, Sea Grant Technology Program: Development of Bay Scallop Stock Enhancement Technology
-- Depletion of bay scallops in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico is largely due to loss of seagrasses that form an
essential habitat. Seagrasses are recovering, but bay scallop spawning stocks are at an all-time low abundance in
Tampa Bay. The goal is to significantly advance developing hatchery-release technology to replenish bay scallop
populations on the Florida West Coast and to test the relative efficiency of cage versus free-planting cultured
scallops in the field.
R/LR-Q-23 [FL-GOIP-5], Integrated Oyster Market Research, Product Development and Evaluation,
Promotion and Consumer Education for the Gulf of Mexico's Oyster Industry - Millions of U.S. consumers
eat oysters. However, for a small segment of the population, eating raw or undercooked oysters can cause serious
illness or death from Vibrio vulnificus. The goal of this project is to educate consumers, conduct new oyster
product research and processing techniques and educate medical groups so that human safety risks can be
minimized or eliminated while maintaining an industry.
R/LR-Q-24 [FL-GOIP-3], Strategies for the Decontamination of Oysters Infected with Vibrio vulnificus -
Bacteriophage have been proven to be effective in the prevention and treatment of diseases in humans and
animals. Previous Sea Grant research has shown that phage specific for V vulnificus can prevent lethal disease in
mice caused by this organism. This project extends that work to test scale-up systems for phage treatment to
eliminate V vulnificus from oysters.
R/LR-Q-25, Testing the Feasibility of Red Tide Remote Sensing -- Current on-site sample collection and
laboratory-based analysis is costly and time consuming in regards to approving coastal waters for shellfish
growing for human consumption. Red tide is often a problem which requires constant sampling. This project will
test the accuracy and effectiveness of satisfying red tide monitoring methods using remote sensing equipment
rather than labor-intensive on-site sampling.
R/LR-Q-26, Improved Methods for Molecular Detection of Vibrio vulnificus -- Vibrio vulnificus remains the
leading cause of seafood-associated deaths. Current detection assays are consuming (2-7 days), labor intensive,
expensive and not always reliable. FDA has increasingly turned to molecular detection, but problems have been
reported with available assays. The objective of this project is to evaluate and improve molecular detection and
typing methods for V vulnificus in order to standardize evaluation of oyster and seawater samples.
R/C-E-46 [ANS-20], Genetic, Distributional and Ecological Characteristics of Recent Swamp Eel
Introduction in Florida - In the last seven years swamp eels have been discovered in aquatic habitats in
Georgia and Florida. These are large amphibious predators capable of dispersal over land with the potential to
disrupt ecosystems. The goal of this project is to discover how eels are introduced and how this can be prevented
and describe their ecology and life history, etc., and suggest methods to control them.
R/C-E-47, A Multidisciplinary Investigation for Determining MPA Baselines at Bimini Bahamas and
Essential Fish Habitat for the Lemon Shark Negaprion brevirostris (Poey 1868) at the Three Nursery Sites -
- Habitat loss and degradation pose serious threats to the long-term sustainability of coastal marine fish and
shellfish resources. NOAA's Strategic Environmental Assessments Division has recently embarked on a program
to map and analyze fish and invertebrate habitats and distribution using a geographic information system in
conjunction with habitat suitability index models. At present, these models generally lack mathematical and
statistical rigor. This project will develop a practical, biologically-sound, and statistically robust methodology for
quantitative assessment of what constitutes 'essential habitat' for economically and ecologically important coastal
R/C-E-48, Multiple Habitat Utilization by a Coastal Fish: Diel, Seasonal and Ontogenetic Movement of
Gray Snapper (Lutjanus griseus) -- Many reef fishes are thought to make diel, seasonal, or ontogenetic
migrations among multi-habitats. But most evidence of such movements is indirectly inferred from density and
size-structure differences among the habitats. This project will provide quantitative results (time and spatial
range) which will have direct utility for resource managers charged with designing and implementing
management plans for tropical and subtropical coastal habitats and fisheries.
R/C-E-49, Killer Algae: Preventing Florida from Becoming the Next Invasion Location of Caulerpa
taxifolia Mediterranean -- Since 1984, aquarium releases of Caulerpa taxifolia Mediterranean strain have led
to this "killer algae" becoming established in coastal waters in Europe, California and Australia. In all cases, the
ecological and economic costs have been substantial. The goal of this project is to significantly reduce the
likelihood that Caulerpa taxifolia will become established in Central Florida.
R/MI-12 Development of an Advanced Underwater Video Telemetry and Data Collection Instrument for Remote
Observation of Aquatic Organisms and Underwater
E/ST-28 Knauss Fellowships - One student is currently spending one year in Washington, D.C. working in
E/INDST-2, (Industrial Fellowship) ABC (Aquaculture, Biology and Conservation) of Marine
Ornamental Shrimp - The great increase in the popularity of saltwater aquaria has dramatically stimulated the
worldwide fishery for small, colorful coral reef fishes and invertebrates. People involved in this fishery utilize a
variety of techniques, ranging from hand-operated nets to extremely damaging application of toxins and
explosives to stun fishes so survivors can be easily caught. All of these techniques can have deleterious effects on
the reef ecosystems. The goal of this project is to develop the technologies for culturing more ornamental species
in order to minimize wild collection while, sustaining the aquarium industry and creating new commercial
E/INDST-3, (Industrial Fellowship) Captive Nutritional Management of Atlantic Surgeonfish: Effect of
Ascorbic Acid Deficiency on Development of HLLES-related Pathology - The production of freshwater
ornamental tropical fish was a $57M industry in Florida in 1997. This figure includes limited farm production of
tropical marine fish for the ornamental trade, but does not include collection of free-ranging animals that were
sold through Florida's industry into the pet trade. Wild marine fish are harvested throughout the year from the
Florida Keys and coastal waters of the southern part of the state and sold as aquarium specimens to public and
private aquariums. Head and lateral line erosion syndrome (HLLES) may be the most prevalent disease of captive
marine fish. The goal of this project is to determine whether there is indeed a correlation between dietary ascorbic
acid and HILLES in acanthurids.
II. B. Extension
E/NS-2, Southeast Regional Aquatic Nuisance Species Education and Outreach Network - Science
education in the U.S. is undergoing fundamental change and reform directed at the kindergarten through high
school (K-12) levels or precollege system. This project will focus on nonindigenous species by addressing content
and attitudinal needs of classroom teachers and informal education and outreach personnel, who would in turn,
incorporate the latest scientific content knowledge in these areas in their classrooms or outreach efforts. Teachers
will learn about nonindigenous species, their regional and national impact, and management attempts.
E/T-9, NOAA South Florida Marine Ecosystem Outreach Project - Restoration and long-term sustained
water quality of the South Florida Ecosystem is a priority among federal, state and local agencies, with billions of
dollars being expended on a variety of projects over the next 25 years. The ultimate success of these projects will
depend on the awareness, knowledge and decisions of citizens, business owners, and community leaders that are
based on sound science. This project will serve as the link between science-based information developed by
NOAA agencies and Sea Grant-supported research and the citizenry of South Florida.
E/T-10, Coastal Storms Initiative Outreach Project - More than half of the population of the U.S. lives in the
coastal area. Storms in coastal areas are more severe and are less predictable than in the interior of the country.
Coastal storm losses have an economic as well as an environmental impact, with damages estimated at between
$10 billion and $50 billion dollars each year. The Florida pilot is the first regional pilot program in what is
planned to be a series of national pilot programs. Because of recent storm events, the coastal communities in
Florida are highly motivated to see improvements in prediction and tracking of storm paths.
E-T-11, Online Outreach Designed to Demystify Marine Biotechnology: marnebiotech.org -- There is a
general lack of understanding of marine biotechnology by non-scientists. The goal of the project is to draw upon
Sea Grant's vast national network of research, education and outreach resources to build an effective marine
biotechnology website. It will be an effective tool for increasing awareness of this field among government
officials, policymakers, students, educators, scientists, journalists, the general public, and industry professionals.
E-TP-3, Educational Workshops for the Florida Medical Community on the Risks Associated with the
Consumption of Shellfish That May Contain Naturally-Occurring Vibrio Bacteria -- One of the primary
strategies to reduce the number of illnesses in the high risk population for Vibrio vulnificus is to educate and
inform the medical community. The result will be that appropriate information will be transmitted directly to the
high-risk patient at the time of treatment and/or counseling for the high-risk condition. This project will conduct
30 regional workshops at local chapters of the Florida Dietitians Association and Florida Nurses Association to
provide educational materials developed by trained health educators.
III. MAJOR EXTRAMURAL (NON-SEA GRANT-FUNDED) PROJECTS
A number of other projects indicate the reliance of other organizations upon Florida Sea Grant, and are in addition
to the partnerships reflected in the projects listed above. Certain projects supplement salary requirements for
Extension. These are projects that are funded from the agency to Florida Sea Grant, but are not funded through
NOAA. A brief listing of those projects active during 2003 by funding sources is presented below.
E/T-12, Southeast Atlantic Coastal Ocean Observing System -- Florida Sea Grant Extension will continue its
second year outreach activity as a component of the Southeast Atlantic Coastal Ocean Observing System (SEA-
COOS). The four Sea Grant programs (North Carolina to Georgia) are cooperating in this regional project. The
goal is to establish a dialog with non-scientific users, identify their information needs and the preferred formats
and methods of information delivery. Florida will train its extension faculty, focus on regional groups (e.g., ports,
hazards) and local sectors (e.g., fishers and emerging response offices), host sector workshops and convene three
instate meetings with user groups.
E/T-13, Southeast Regional Aquatic Nuisance Species Education and Outreach Network -- The need for
enhanced ocean education is clearly recognized by scientists in the oceanographic community, including both
classroom and informal educators. One specific need is public education on aquatic nuisance species. As part of a
four-state southeast regional effort, Florida will conduct a number of public school workshops and publish a
report with lesson plans. This effort will present science-based information on aquatic nuisance species to
community leaders, resource managers, students and the public through outreach, information and technology
transfer programs conducted by Sea Grant extension agents; federal, state and local public information officers;
K-12 classroom teachers, and other outreach educators.
COSEE-GOM, Florida Portion. Regional Center for Ocean Education Excellence (COSEE) Gulf of
Mexico -- This program is designed to strengthen ocean sciences education through interpretation of research
results. The audience is the general public, pre-college teachers and students, informal educators and university
and community college faculty and students.
SFWMD-CERP-1, Florida Keys CERP and Water Conservation Outreach Partnership -- The goal of this
project is to deliver an outreach program for the overall Comprehensive Everglades Research and Outreach
Florida Sea Grant issues Publication and Communication Support Guidelines to all Sea Grant project
collaborators, and has an organized process for printing and tracking publications. Documents published "in-house"
include Sea Grant Reports, Sea Grant Extension Publications, Sea Grant Technical Papers, thesis or dissertation
abstracts, staff papers and other items such as Extension newsletters. Each is numbered and tracked in an appropriate
series. Books and journal articles are published elsewhere, but tracked for completion and credit by Communications
staff. All publications are distributed to the Pell Library at the University of Rhode Island. A total of 58 different
publication items (with thousands of copies) were completed in 2003, and 122 are in various stages of completion. A
listing of Communication publications and products from 1999 through 2003 is shown in Table 1.
Table 1. Summary of Florida Sea Grant Publications and Other Educational Products, 1999 to 2003.
2003 2002 2001 2000 1999
Sea Grant Reports 0 1 3 2 1
Sea Grant Extension Publications 4 9 8 17 30
Sea Grant Technical Papers 5 7 12 9 6
Books 2 2 1 2 0
In Press 0 0
Book Chapters 7 2 6 4 3
Scientific Journal Articles 16 a 20 28 17 21
In Press 9
Graduate Thesis or Dissertation 6 19 9 21 11
In Process 45
Staff Papers/Conference Proceedings 10 a 66 24 9 10
In Press/Submitted 14
Extension Newsletters 7 7 5 5 6
CD-Rom 0 5 0 0 0
WWW Pages Maintained 10 1 c 1 5
a Number reflects totals prior to processing all 2003 project final reports.
c Does not include website maintained by county faculty. Most have a "local" website that links with the
Florida Sea Grant main website.
Publications of the Florida Sea Grant College Program, 1999 2003
CALENDAR YEAR 2003
I. Florida Sea Grant Report
II. Florida Sea Grant Technical Paper
Deyle, R.E., and R.E. Smith. 2003. The Costs of Hurricane Emergency Management Services: A risk-
Based Method for Calculating Property Owners' Fair Share. TP-121. Also available in Edis #
Florida Sea Grant College Program. 2003. Florida Sea Grant College Program Year 2003 Work Plan.
Florida Sea Grant College Program. 2003. "Performance Counts." Annual Progress Report for 2002.
Nakamura, Y., J.P. McVey, S. Fox, K. Churchill, C. Neidig, and K. Leber (eds.). 2003. Ecology of
Aquaculture Species and Enhancement of Stocks: Proceedings of the Thirtieth U.S. Japan
Meeting on Aquaculture. Sarasota, FL, 3-4 December, 2001. UJNR. TP-128. (PD-01-03)
Sturmer, L.N. Adams, C.M., and J.E. Supan. 2003. Enhancing Seed Availability for the Hard Clam
(Mercnaria mercenaria) Aquaculture Industry by Applying Remote Setting Techniques. TP-125.
III. Books and Book Chapters
Adams, C., and S. Versaggi. 2003. Shrimp Trade Dispute. In: International Agricultural Trade
Disputes: Case Studies in North America. (SGEP-13)
Cato, J.C. and C.L. Brown. 2003. Marine Ornamental Species: Collection, Culture & Conservation.
Iowa State Press. (PD-00-04)
Corbin, J.S., Cato, J.C., and C.L. Brown. 2003. Marine Ornamentals Industry 2001: Priority
Recommendations for a Sustainable Future. In: Marine Ornamental Species: Collection, Culture &
Conservation. Iowa State Press. Pp. 3-9. (PD-00-04)
Greenawalt, J.M., Frazer, T.K., Jacoby, C.A., and W.S. Arnold. 2003. Managing bay scallops along
Florida's west coast: the importance of interactions among scallop biology, recreational fishing
effort and fisheries management. In: 14th International Pectinid Workshop. Pp. 199-200. (SGEP-13)
Jacoby, C.A. and M.S. Spranger. 2003. Invasive Species: partnership and programs. In: Florida
Association of Extension Professionals Conference. (SGEP-13)
'The project from which the publication originated is indicated by the code number in parentheses at the right side of
the last line of each entry. For each year, titles are listed in order of appearance as FSG Reports, FSG Extension
publications, books or book chapters, journal articles, graduate theses and dissertations, FSG Technical Papers,
miscellaneous papers including conference proceedings, videos, CD-ROM releases, posters and home pages.
Larkin, S. 2003. The U.S. Wholesale Marine Ornamental Market: Trade, Landings, and Market
Opinions. In: Marine Ornamental Species: Collection, Culture & Conservation. Iowa State Press. Pp.
Larkin, S.L., Bodisco, C., and R. Degner. 2003. Wholesale and Retail Break-Even Prices for MAC-
Certified Queen Angelfish (Holacanthus ciliaris). In: Marine Ornamental Species: Collection,
Culture & Conservation. Iowa State Press. pp. 125-137. (R/LR-A-29)
Otwell, W.S. 2003. Use of Carbon Monoxide for Color Retention in Fish. In: Trans-Atlantic Fisheries
Technology Conference. (Reykjavik, Iceland). (SGEP-13)
Otwell, W.S. and D.R. Ward. 2003. Scientific Criteria to Ensure Safe Food. National Academy Press.
402 pp. (SGEP-13)
Tilghman, G.C., Francis-Floyd, R., and E. Klinger. 2003. Captive Nutritional Management of
Herbivorous Reef Fish Using Surgeonfish (Acanthuridae) as a Model. In: Marine Ornamental
Species: Collection, Culture & Conservation, J.C. Cato and C. Brown (Eds). Iowa State Press: pp. 101-
IV. Journal Articles
Adams, C., Palma, M., and F. Wirth. 2003. Buying Cultured Sturgeon. Global Aquaculture Advocate.
6/6 Pp. 31-32. (PD-02-06)
Coursey, Y., Ahmad, N., McGee, B.M., Steimel, N., and M. Kimble. 2003. Amebocyte Production
Begins at Stage 18 During Embryogenesis in ILimulus polyphemusI, the American Horseshoe
Crab. Marine Biological Laboratory. 204:21-27. (PD-00-08)
Chanton, J.P., W.C. Burnett, M. Taniguchi, H. Dulaiova, and D.R. Corbett. 2003. Seepage rate
variability in Florida Bay Driven by Atlantic tidal height. Biogeochemistry 66: 187-202.
Chapman, D., D. Abercrombie, C. Douady, E. Pikitch, M. Stanhope and M. Shivji. 2003. A streamlined,
bi-organelle, multiplex PCR approach to species identification: application to global conservation
and trade monitoring of the great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias. Conservation Genetics. 4:
Deyle, R.E. and M.K. Falconer. (2 I1 1 ) Revenue Options for a Risk-Based Assessment of Developed
Property in Hurricane Hazard Zones. Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law, 18 (2), 299-330.
Douady, C.J., M. Dosay, M. S. Shivji, and M. J. Stanhope. 2003. Molecular phylogenetic evidence
refuting the hypothesis of Batoidea (rays and skates) as derived sharks. Molecular Phylogenetics
and Evolution 26:215-221. (R/LR-B-54)
Grizzle, R.E., Adams, J.R., and L.J.Walters. 2002. Historical Changes in Intertidal Oyster (Crassostrea
virginica) Reefs in a Florida Lagoon Potentially Related to Boating activities. Journal of Shellfish
Research. 21:749-756. (R/C-E-45)
Kem, W.R., Soti, F., and Rittschof, D. 2003. Inhibition of barnacle larval settlement and crustacean
toxicity of some hoplonemertine pyridyl alkaloids. Biomolecular Engineering 20:355-361(R/LR-MB-16)
Larkin, S. and C. Adams. 2003. Facilitated Blue Crab Management Workshops: Stakeholder
Preferences and Lessons Learned. Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 35/2: 453 pg.
Lawrence, J.M., Plank, L.R., and A.L. Lawrence. 2003. The effect of feeding frequency on consumption
of food, absorption efficiency, and gonad production in the sea urchin Lytechinus variegates.
Comparative Biochemistry a Physiology Part A 134:69-75 (R/LR-A-21)
Otwell, W.S. 2003. Construction of Shrimp Cooking Charts Using Previously Developed
Mathematical Models for Heat Transfer and Yield Loss Predictions. Journal of Food Engineering.
60 Pp. 107-110. (SGEP-13)
Otwell, W.S. 2003. Effect of different carbon monoxide and filtered smoke treatments on the quality
and safety of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus alabacares) muscle. Journal of Food Science. (SGEP-13)
Otwell, W.S. 2003. Reduced oxygen packaging of fresh seafood. Journal of Food Science. (R/LR-Q-22)
Otwell, W.S. 2003. Kinetic parameter estimation of commercially available time-temperature
integrators for safe use with seafood packaged in reduced oxygen atmospheres. Journal of Food
Smith, S., Jacob, S., Jepson, M., and G. Isreal. 2003. After the Florida Net Ban: The Impacts on
Commercial Fishing Families. Society and Natural Resources. 16:39-59. (R/LR-E-14)
Vanderklift, Mathew A., Jacoby, Charles A. 2003. Patterns in fish assemblages 25 years after major
seagrass loss. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 247: Pp. 225-235. (SGEP-13)
V. Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Campbell, M.S. 2003. Development Of Real-Time Pcr Assay For Detection And Enumeration Of
Vibrio Vulnificus In Oysters. Thesis. Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition. University of
Dillon, K.S. 2003. The Use of Stable and Radioactive Isotopes in Tracing Nutrient Sources and Sinks
in tow Urbanized Coastal Environments of Florida: The Florida Keys and Sarasota Bay.
Dissertation. Dept. of Oceanography, Florida State University. (R/C-E-44)
Engle, J.A. 2003. Formulation of a Rip Current Forecasting Techniques through Statistical Analysis
of Rip Current-Related Rescues. Thesis. Dept. of Civil and Coastal Engineering. University of
Hutchinson, S.D. 2003. An economic analysis of multi-fishery participation among commercial fishers
in South Florida. Thesis. Food and Resource Economics. University of Florida. (R/LR-E-18A)
Kohl, A.C. 2003. Identification of the Diterpene Cyclase and Elucidation of Early Steps in the
Pseudopterosin Biosynthetic Pathway. Dissertation. Chemistry and Biochemistry. Florida Atlantic
MacMahan, J.H. 2003. Field Observations of Rip Current Dynamics. Dissertation. Dept. of Civil and
Coastal Engineering. University of Florida. (R/C-S-42)
VI. Florida Sea Grant Extension Publications
Florida Sea Grant College Program. 2003. Commercial Suppliers of Sea Oats in Florida. SGEF-150.
Florida Sea Grant College Program. 2003. Florida Sea Grant. SGEF-154. (M/PM-13)
Florida Sea Grant College Program. 2003. Internet Directory of Marine Education and Research
Organizations in Florida. SGEF-132. Revison (COMM-5)
Sweat, D. E. 2003. Recreational Harvesting of the Florida Bay Scallop. Florida Sea Grant, 2003. SGEF-
VII. Extension Newsletters
Crane, M.G. 2003. Homestead: Miami-Dade County Cooperative Extension Office. (SGEP-13)
At the Water's Edge. 4 p.
Vol. 3(1) Oct. Nov. 2003.
Gregory, D. 2003. UF/IFAS/Monroe County Extension (SGEP-13)
Educating with Extension. 4 p.
Vol. 2(10) October 2003.
Vol. 2(12) December 2003.
McGuire, M.P. 2003. St. Johns County (SGEP-13)
Aqua Notes. 3(4) November 2003. 4 p.
Novak, R.L. 2003. Charlotte County Extension Newsletter. (SGEP-13)
Spotted Seatrout Stay at "Home"- Oct., Nov., & Dec. 2003.
Stevely, J.M. 2003. Manatee County Extension Services (SGEP-13)
The Marine Scene. Six Editions-Bimonthly. 6 pg.
November December 44(6)
Sturmer, L. 2003. Levy County: Cooperative Extension Service (SGEP-13)
The Bivalve Bulletin. May 2003. 6 p.
Sweat, D.E. 2003. Pasco County Extension Newsletter. (SGEP-13)
Marine Times. 8p.
Vol. 26(1) January-March, 2003
Vol. 26(4) October December 2003.
VIII. Miscellaneous Papers, Articles and Conference Proceeding
Adams, C., and L. Sturmer. 2003. Economic Impact of the Florida Cultured Hard Clam Industry. In:
Aquaculture America Vol. February (SGEP-13)
Adams, C., and D. Sweat. 2003. The Financial Characteristics of a Zero-Water Exchange Shrimp
Culture System. Havana, Cuba. Vol. December. (SGEP-13)
Cato, J.C. and S. Subasinge. 2003. Case Study: The Shrimp Export Industry in Bangladesh. In: Food
Safety in Food Security and Food Trade, 2020 Focus 10:9 of 17. (M/PM-11)
Creswell, L.R. 2003. 54th Proceedings of the Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute. 799 pg.(SGEP-13)
Hodges, A., and C. Adams. 2003. Values Associated with the Apalachicola Bay Maine Economy.
Gainesville: Food and Resource Economics. 5 Pg. (SGEP-13)
Otwell, W.S., Garrido, V., and A. Lahsen. 2003. Validations, Verifications and Audits. Rome, Italy
Novak, R., Stevely, J. Adams, C., Sweat, D., and M. Crane. 2003. Increasing Survival of Recreationally
Released Fish. In: Florida Association of Extension Professionals Vol. September (SGEP-13)
Palma, M., Wirth, F., Adams, C., and B. Degner. 2003. Market Preferences Toward Farm-Raised
Sturgeon in the Southeastern United States: A Conjoint Analysis. In: World Aquaculture Society
Vol. May. (PD-02-6)
Ruth, A., Sturmer, L., and C. Adams. 2003. Organizational Structures and Strategies for the Hard
Clam Industry in Florida. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida, November 60 Pg.
Seaman, W., Smiley, B., Pitcher, T., and L. Wood. 2003. Research and Monitoring of Marine Reefs
Using Volunteer Divers. Fisheries Centre Research Reports 2003, Vol 11(2). Proceedings of the North
American Practitioners Workshop, Sidney, British Columbia, Canada. June 2002. (M/PM-13)
Florida Sea Grant Home Page
Non-Native Invasive Aquatic and Wetland Plants in the United States
http://plants.ifas.ufl.edu/seagrant/aquinv.html. Vic Ramey.
Escambia County Marine Extension. http://escambia.ifas.ufl.edu/marine. Andrew P. Diller
The Miami-Dade County Sea Grant Extension Program. http://miami-
dade.ifas.ufl.edu/programs/seagrant.htm. Marella Crane.
REDstart Fisheries Enhancement Project. hli ii . lee-county.com/extensionservices/marine.htm. Bob
UF/Monroe County Extension Service. http://monroe.ifas.ufl.edu/mces3.htm. Doug Gregory
St. Johns County Northeast Marine Extension. http://stiohns.ifas.ufl.edu/sea/seagrant.htm. Maia P
CALENDAR YEAR 2002
I. Florida Sea Grant Reports
Letson, D., and J.W. Milon. 2002. Florida Coastal Environmental Resources: A Guide to Economic
Valuation and Impact Analysis. SGR-124 (M/PM-13)
II. Florida Sea Grant Technical Papers
Cato, J. 2002. An Investment in Florida's Future: Sea Grant Sponsored Graduate Education. TP-117.
Florida Sea Grant College Program. 2002. Florida Sea Grant College Program Year 2002 Work Plan.
Florida Sea Grant College Program. 2002. "Performance Counts." Annual Progress Report for 2001.
Fann, D. A., R.A. Swett, L.C. Alexander, G.A. Antonini. 2002. Regional Waterway Management System
for Lee County, Phase 3. TD-5. (R/C-P-24)
Stephan, K.E., Stein, Taylor V., and Kristianna J. Lindgren. 2002. Rookery Bay Estuarine Research
Reserve Visitor Study. TP-120. (PD-99-11)
Sturmer, L., M. Zylstra, and C. Adams. 2002. C.L.A.M. Computer Logbook and Management: A user's
Guide for Commercial Hard Clam Growers. TP-122. (SGEP-13)
Swett, R.A., D.A. Fann, G.A. Antonini. 2002. Regional Waterway Management System for Manatee
County: Bishop Harbor, Tidal Braden River, and Lower Reaches of the Upper Manatee River.
III. Books and Book Chapters
Adams, C., Mulkey, D., and A. Hodges. 2002. Economic Importance of the San Carlos Island Shrimp
Processing Industry to the Lee County Economy. In: Florida Coastal Environmental Resources: A
Guide to Economic Valuation and Impact Analysis SGR-124. Pp. 131-144. (SGEP-13)
Creswell. L.R. and R. Flos. 2002. Perspectives on Responsible Aquaculture for the New Millenium.
World Aquaculture Society. (SGEP-13)
Douglass, S.L. 2002. Saving America's Beaches: The Causes of and Solutions to Beach Erosion.
World Scientific Publishing. (PD-01-09)
Otwell, S., Garrido, L., Garrido, V., and Benner, R. 2002. Methods for Improving Shrimp Farming in
Central America. In: Good Aquaculture Practices for Product Quality and Safety. Pp. 169-228.(SGEP-13)
IV. Journal Articles
Antoine, F.R., Wei, C.I., Otwell, W.S., Sims, C.A., Little, R.C., Hogle, A.D., and Marshall, M.R. 2002.
TVB-N Correlation with Odor Evaluation and Aerobic Plate Count in Mahi-Mahi. Journal of Food
Science. 67/9: 3210-3214. (R/LR-Q-21)
Benetti, D.D., J.A. Matera, O.M. Stevens, J.F. Alarcon, M.W. Feeley, F.J. Rotman, Y. Minemoto,
G.Banner-Stevens, J. Fanke, S. Zimmerman, and L. Eldridge. 2002. Growth, Survival, and Feed
Conversion Rates of Hatchery-Reared Mutton Snapper, Lutjanus analis, Cultured in Floating Net
Cages. Journal of the World of Aquaculture Society. 16(3): 349-357. (R/LR-A-35)
Burnett, W.C., M. Lambert, J. Christoff, J. Chanton, M. Taniguchi, W. Moore, L. Smith, S Krupa, E.
Kontar, C. Smith, R. Paulsen, and D. O'Rourke. 2002. Assessing Methodologies for Measuring
Groundwater Discharge to the Ocean. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union. 83 (11):
117, 122-123. (R/C-E-42)
Bums, K.M. and V. Restrepo. 2002. Survival of Reef Fish after Rapid Depressurization: Field and
Laboratory Studies. American Fisheries Society Symposium 30: 148-151, 2002. (R/LR-B-40)
Cerveny, K.E. DePaola, A., Duckworth, D.H., and P. A. Gulig. 2002. Phage Therapy Of Local And
Systemic Disease Caused By Vibrio Vulnificus An Iron-Dextran Treated Mice. Infection and
Immunity. 70 (11):6251-6262. (R/LR-Q-20)
Coleman, F.C. and Williams, S.L. 2002. Overexploiting Marine Ecosystem Engineers: Potential
Consequences for Biodiversity. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 17 (1): 40-44. (R/LR-B-51)
Collins, T.M., Trexler, J., Nico, L., and T.A. Rawlings. 2002. Genetic Diversity in a Morphologically
Conservative Invasive Taxon: Multiple Introductions of Swamp Eels to the Southeastern United
States. Conservation Biology 16 (4):1024-1035. (R/C-E-46)
Corbett, D.R., K. Dillon, W. Burnett, and G. Schaefer. 2002. The Spatial Variability Of Nitrogen And
Phosphorus Concentration In A Sand Aquifer Influenced By Onsite Sewage Treatment And
Disposal Systems: A Case Study On St. George Island, Florida. Environmental Pollution. 117: 337-
Donaldson, K.A., D.W. Griffin, and J.H. Paul. 2002. Detection, Quantitation and Identification of
Enteroviruses from Surface Waters of the Florida Keys Using Real-Time RT-PCR. Water
Research 36:2505-2514. (R/LR-MB-12)
Duckworth, D.H. and Gulig, P.A. 2002. Bacteriophages: Potential Treatment for Bacterial
Infections. Biodrugs. 16 (1):57-62. (R/LR-Q-20)
George, S. B. and J. M. Lawrence. 2002. The Effect Of Carotenoids On Egg Production And Larval
Development Of The Edible Sea Urchin, Lytechinus Variegates: The Role Of Adult And Larval
Diets. World Aquaculture. 33: 55-61. (R/LR-A-21)
Jackson, S.L., Robinson, E.H., Li, M.H., Wolters, W.R., and D. McKee. 2002. Restricted And Satiate
Feeding Of Two Genetically Isolated Strains Of Juvenile Channel Catfish Ictalurus Punctatus
Reared On 28% And 32% Protein Diets. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society. (SGEP-13)
Kimble, M., Y. Coursey, N. Ahmad, and G.W. Hinsch. 2002. Behavior Of The Yolk Nuclei During
Embryogenesis, And Development Of The Midgut Diverticulum In The Horseshoe Crab,
Limulus Polyphemus. Invertebrate Biology 121(4): 365-377. (PD-00-8)
Lin, J., and P. Shi. 2002. Effect of Broodstock Diet on Reproductive Performance of the Golden
Banded Coral Shrimp Stenopus scutellatus. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society. 33(3): 383-
Lopez, M., Russ, A., and C. Adams. 2002. Projected Cost Comparison of Semi-intensive Zero-
Exchange Culture Systems in Nicaragua. Global Aquaculture Advocate. 5/6: Pp. 88-89. (E/INT-1)
Seaman, Jr. W. 2002. Unifying Trends And Opportunities In Global Artificial Reef Research,
Including Evaluation. Journal of Marine Science. 59: S14-S16 (M/PM-12)
Shivji, M.S., S. Clarke, M. Pank, L. Natanson, N. Kohler and M. Stanhope. 2002. Genetic Identification
of Pelagic Shark Body Parts for Conservation and Trade-Monitoring. Conservation Biology 16(4):
Sturmer, L.N., Supan, J.E., and C.M. Adams. 2002. Enhancing Seed Availability for the Hard Clam
Aquaculture Industry Through Application of Remote Setting Techniques. Journal of Shellfish
Research. 21(1), June 2002 385. (R/LR-A-27)
F. Thornton, R.S., and R.G. Kerr. 2002. Induction of Pseudopterogorgia Biosynthesis in the Gorgonian
Pseudopterogorgia elisabethae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, Vol. 28, No. 10, October 2002.
Wirth, F., Garrido, L., Davis, K., and Otwell, S. 2002. Combining Taste Panels with Focus Groups to
Elicit Consumer Preferences Toward a New Shrimp. Journal of Food Distribution Research 33(1):
V. Graduate Theses and Dissertations
Alarcon, J.F. 2002. Development of a Breeding Program for Mutton Snapper Lutjanus analis with
application to other marine fish species. Thesis. Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric
Science, University of Miami. (R/LR-A-35)
Behringer, D. 2002. The ecological ramifications of disease and density in the Caribbean spiny lobster,
Panulirus argus. Dissertation. Ecological Sciences. Old Dominion University. (R/LR-B-45)
Brooks, R.A. 2002. Plant-Animal Interaction Within The Red Mangroves, Rhizophora Mangle L., Of
Tampa Bay: Mangrove Habitat Classification And Isopod, Sphaeroma Terebrans Bate,
Colonization Of A Dynamic Root Substrate. Dissertation. Dept. of Biology. University of South
Brown, J.J., 2002. Comprehensive Sediment Budget for the East Coast of Florida. Thesis. University
of Florida. (R/C-S-39)
Chesnes, T.C. 2002. Responses of Subtropical Seagrasses to Fluctuations in Salinity within an
Experimental Facility. Dissertation. Environmental Engineering Sciences, University of Florida.
Cobb, J., 2002. A Dietary Comparison of Offshore and Near-shore Populations of the Co-occurring
Sea Urchins Lytechinus Variegatus and Arbacia Punctulata (Echinodermata) Along the Central
Florida Gulf Coast. Thesis. Department of Biology, University of Florida. (R/LR-A-21PD)
Coursey, Y. A. 2002. Hemopoiesis in Limulus polyphemus. Thesis. Dept. of Biology. University of
South Florida. (AFAMS/OS & PD-00-08)
Dukeman, A.K. 2002. The Reproductive Cycle of the Flame Scallop, Lima Scabra Scabra (Born 1778),
From the Lower Florida Keys, USA. Thesis. College of Marine Science, University of Florida.
Felkey, K.D. 2002. Optimization of Chlorine Treatments and the Effects on Survival of Salmonella
spp. On Tomato Surfaces. Thesis. Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Florida.(Aylesworth)
Garcia, M.A., 2002. Market Preferences Toward Farm-Raised Sturgeon in the Southeastern United
States: A Conjoint Analysis. Thesis. Dept. Food and Resource Economics, University of Florida.
Hahm, C.M., 2002. Chemical investigations of the marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas clarkii.
Thesis. Department of Chemistry. University of South Florida. (R/LR-MB-10)
Hale, J.A. 2002. Changes In Coverage Of Submersed Aquatic Vegetation Along Florida's Gulf Coast:
Applying Image Processing Procedures To Aerial Photograph Interpretation. Thesis. College of
Natural Resources and Environment, University of Florida. (R/LR-B-46)
Hart, M.K., 2002. Habitat-Mediated Direct and Indirect Effects Among Three Serranid Fishes. Thesis.
Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Department. University of Florida. (R/LR-B-49)
Heisig, J. 2002. Male Reproductive Dynamics in the Caribbean Spiny Lobster, Panulirus argus.
Thesis. Biological Sciences. Old Dominion University. (R/LR-B-50)
O'Connell, T.J., 2002. Identification and Genetic Analysis of Marine Invertebrate-Associated
Bacteria. Thesis. Department of Biological Sciences, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne,
Ramlakhan, R., E., 2002. Isolation and Characterization of Nevel Cenopeptides from Conus nux.
Thesis. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida Atlantic University. (R/LR-MB-18)
Rotman, F.J. 2002. Studies on Proactive Health Management as a Tool for Sustainable Marine
Finfish Hatchery Techniques. Thesis. Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science,
University of Miami. (R/LR-A-35)
Stephan, K.E., 2002. Rookery Bay Recreation Management Strategies: An Exploratory Study. Thesis.
School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida. (PD-99-11)
Stevens, P.W. 2002. Test of Salt Marsh as a Site of Production and Export of Fish Biomass with
Implications for Impoundment Management and Restoration. Thesis. Environmental Engineering
VI. Florida Sea Grant Extension Publications
Adams, C., Jacob, S., and S. Smith. 2002. What Happened After the Net Ban? SGEF-110. Also available
in Edis # FE123. (R/LR-E-17)
Antonini, G.A., D.A. Fann, and P. Roat. 2002. A Historical Geography of Southwest Florida
Waterways. Volume Two. SGEB-56. (R/C-P-24)
Florida Sea Grant College Program. 2002. Science Serving Florida's Coast: Florida Sea Grant Program
Directory 2002-2004. SGEF-145. (SGEP-13)
Jackson, D. 2002. NOAA Coastal Storms Initiative. SGEF-147 (E/T-10)
Novak, R. 2002. Boater's Guide to Charlotte Harbor. SGEB-52. (Revised) (SGEP-12)
Novak, R. 2002. Circle Hooks. SGEF-108. (SGEP-13)
Novak, R. 2002. Los Ansuelo Circulares. SGEF-109. Also available in Edis # SG043. (SGEP-13)
Seaman, W., and R. Scott. 2002. Biotechnology's New Wave in Florida. SGEF-149 (PD-02-3)
Zimmerman, D. 2002 Common Sharks of Florida SGEF-146. Also available in Edis # SG062. (SGEP-13)
VII. Extension Newsletters
Crane, M.G. 2002. Homestead: Miami-Dade County Cooperative Extension Office. (SGEP-13)
At the Water's Edge. Vol. 1(3) February 2002. 4 pg.
At the Water's Edge. April 2002. 4 pg.
At the Water's Edge. June 2002. 4 pg.
At the Water's Edge. August 2002. 4 pg.
At the Water's Edge. Vol. 2(1) October 2002. 4 pg.
Florida Bay Project Staff. 2002. Florida Bay Watch Report.
Acquiring a Taste for Florida Bay June 2002.
McGuire, M.P. 2002. Marineland; St. Johns Ag. Center. (SGEP-13)
Aqua Notes. 2(1) February 2002. 6 pg.
Aqua Notes. 2(2) May 2002. 6 pg.
Aqua Notes. 2(3) August 2002. 6 pg.
Aqua Notes. 2(4) November 2002. 6 pg.
Novak, R.L. 2002. Charlotte County Extension Newsletter. (SGEP-13)
Stevely, J.M. 2002. Manatee County Extension Services (SGEP-13)
The Marine Scene. Six Editions-Bimonthly. 6 pg.
Sturmer, L. 2002. Levy County: Cooperative Extension Service (SGEP-13)
Shellfish Aquaculture Newsletter. February 2002. 6 pg.
Shellfish Aquaculture Newsletter. July 2002. 6 pg.
Shellfish Aquaculture Newsletter. October 2002. 6 pg.
Sweat, D.E. 2002. Pasco County Extension Newsletter.
Marine Times. 4 editions, 8 pg. (SGEP-13)
VIII. Miscellaneous Staff Papers and Conference Proceeding
Adams, C. 2002. Zero-Exchange Demonstration Posts Good Results in Nicaragua. Global Aquaculture
Advocate 5/5: Pp. 50-53. (E/INT-1)
Adams, C. 2002. Economic Consequences and Public Awareness of Red Tide Events in Coastal
Florida Communities. In: 3rd Natural Resource Extension Professional Conference Abstracts. p. 64.
Adams, C., Larkin, S., Mulkey, D., Hodges, A., and Ballyram, B. 2002. Measuring the Economic
Consequences and Public Awareness of Red Tide Events in Florida. Gainesville, University of
Florida. 150 pg. (SGEP-13)
Adams, C. 2002. The Commercial Bottom Trawling Industry in Florida: Balancing Environmental
Impact with Economic Contribution. Gainesville, UF IFAS. Also Available In Edis # FE345. 6 Pg.
Adams, C., Herman, J., and J. Burkhardt. 2002. The 3rd Annual FRE Graduate research Symposium.
Gainesville, UF Food and Resource Economics Dept. TLP 02-23 November: 28 Pg. (SGEP-13)
Adams, C., Andrew, C., and J. Herman. 2002. The 2nd Annual FRE Graduate research Symposium.
Gainesville, UF Food and Resource Economics Dept. TLP 02-2328 November 2002. (SGEP-13)
Adams, C., Larkin, S., and D. Gregory. 2002. Effect of Import of Caribbean Spiny Lobster on the
Dockside Price of Panulirus argus in Florida. In: International Institute of Fisheries Economics and
Trade, Proceedings No. 194. (SGEP-13)
Adams, C. 2002. Economic Consequences and Public Awareness of Red Tide Events in Coastal
Florida Communities. In: Proceedings of the 18t International Conference of the Coastal Society.
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