National Wildlife Refuge
Steve Klett, Refuge Manager
Phil Frank, Project Leader-NKDR
Crocodile Lake NWR
(managed as a staffed satellite of
National Key Deer Refuge)
P.O. Box 370
Key Largo, FL 33037
Phone: 305/451 4223
Fax: 305/453 4151
* Established: 1980.
* Acres: 6,600.
* Located in: Monroe County, FL.
* Refuge covers significant portion
of north Key Largo, FL.
* Location: The refuge is located in
north Key Largo, less than 40
miles south of Miami off SR 905
(Card Sound Road).
* Administered by National Key
* Refuge includes disturbed man-
* Upland portions include the last
stands of high tropical hardwood
hammock and are critical habitat
to Key Largo woodrat and cotton
mouse and the only federally
listed endangered insect in
Florida: Schaus' swallowtail
* Estimated acreage: upland
hammock 1,805 acres; mangrove
forests 4,213 acres; open water
Financial Impact of Refuge
* Refuge received one staff
member in 1997, prior years it
was unstaffed and managed as a
satellite of National Key Deer
* The refuge is currently closed to
general public use.
* FY 05 budget for National Key
Deer Refuge and satellite
* To provide habitat and protection
for Federally listed threatened
and endangered species.
* Provide habitat and protection
for migratory birds.
* Protection of the globally
endangered tropical hardwood
hammock plant community.
* Provide future opportunities for
environmental education and
public viewing of refuge wildlife
* Mechanical/chemical control of
invasive exotic plants.
* Routine wildlife monitoring.
* Law enforcement.
* Partnerships, both locally and
* Volunteer assistance with
projects and programs.
* Friends group-Friends and
Volunteers of Refuges (FAVOR).
Calendar of Events
March-October: American co( ,i Inl!l
April: National Wildlife Week.
April-July: Schaus' swallowtail
May: Migratory Bird Day.
October: National Wildlife Refuge
Questions and Answers
Where is the refuge?
The refuge is in north Key Largo,
FL, off Card Sound Road, on the Gulf
W hat is the l'i;T ...-". betw een
alligators and crocodiles?
Alligators and cn ,i I !ill. are the two
native north American crocodilian
species in the U.S.. ('C ii,,, IIl. inhabit
salt or brackish water, and alligators
prefer freshwater. American
(Ce i' lilv!, have a long, t:,i, 'i -L. v-
shaped snout-opposed to the u-
shaped snout of the alligator. Also,
crocs have a distinguishing fourth
tooth that protrudes prominently
outside of the lower jaw when closed.
The largest American c, it,' 11 Ill* was
15 feet, but they are routinely found
at lengths of 8 to 12 feet.
Are crocodiles dangerous?
The stories of man-eating (e -.n i Ii ,
don't originate from the United
States. New world e, i, ,' III are
timid reptiles and are especially wary
of people. Female crocs are known to
completely abandon their nests after
just a single disturbance. For these
reasons the ci iwii. I*II!. habitats are
completely closed to public access,
except for the scientists studying
their population and behavior.
Can we see a crocodile?
The refuge is closed to public access,
and it is difficult to see a (e, i, i 1 il.
from the roads bordering the refuge.
(',i-.1 n il *, may be seen at nearby
Everglades National Park.
11, 'i is the refuge closed to the
I ., /,;li .
C('!i.ii ilIt 1. Lake NWR is closed to
general public use due to its small
size and the sensitivity of the habitats
and wildlife to human disturbance.
Access to the refuge is by Special Use
Permit only. The six federally
endangered and threatened species
indigenous to the refuge are highly
susceptible to noise disturbance. The
habitats they rely on for their
survival can be adversely impacted
by human traffic. The refuge staff are
studying ways of providing for public
use that are compatible with the
refuge's primary purpose. This may
include a wildlife observation
platform, hardwood forest boardwalk
and roadside butterfly meadows.
Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge I I~il~lII I