Title: Key West National Wildlife Refuge
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00093508/00001
 Material Information
Title: Key West National Wildlife Refuge
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Creator: United States Fish & Wildlife Service
Publisher: United States Fish & Wildlife Service
Place of Publication: Big Pine Key, Fla.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00093508
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Key West

National Wildlife Refuge

Anne Morkill, Project Leader
Key West NWR
(managed as a satellite of National
Key Deer Refuge)
c/o National Key Deer Refuge
179 Key Deer Boulevard
Big Pine Key Plaza
Big Pine Key, FL 33043
Phone: 305/872 2239
Fax: 305/872 3675
E-mail: keydeer@fws.gov

Refuge Facts
* Established: 1908.
* Acres: 189,497 owned, 154
managed for the U.S. Coast
Guard (all 2,019 are designated
Wilderness), 206,289 acres of
marine waters managed with the
state of Florida.
* Located:Monroe County, FL.
* The uplands portion of Key West
NWR is on unpopulated islands,
west of Key West, FL.
* The refuge is located 140 miles
southwest of Miami and
immediately west of Key West,
FL. It is accessible only by boat.
* Administered by National Key
Deer Refuge.
Natural History
* Refuge includes mostly
mangrove islands, with a few
sandy beaches and dunes that are
critical nesting habitat for
endangered sea turtles.
* Other habitat includes saltmarsh
and coastal berm hammocks, plus
sea grass and coral reef
* Refuge, along with the Great
White Heron Refuge, represents
the last of the offshore (and
raccoon-free) islands in the lower
Florida Keys available as critical
nesting, roosting, wading and
loafing habitat to over 250 avian
species particularly
wading birds.
* The area managed is
overwhelmingly (99 percent)
marine environment including
large sand flats surrounding the
islands that are used extensively
by foraging wading birds.
Financial Impact of Refuge
* Refuge has no dedicated
personnel. It is managed as a
satellite of NKDR.

* No quantitative data is available
for public use of the refuge. It is
estimated that 180,000 people use
the managed waters of the
* Analyses of generated income for
the Florida Keys Refuges only
take into account the number of
people that visit the headquarters
on Big Pine Key a fraction of
the people that cross into the
boundaries of all four refuges.
Current estimate is: resident and
non-resident visitors generated
$2.1 million in expenditures in
FY 94.
Refuge Objectives
* To manage as a preserve and
breeding ground for native birds
and other wildlife.
* Provide habitat and protection
for endangered and threatened
fish, wildlife, plants and
migratory birds.
* Protect the character of the
designated wilderness.
* Provide opportunities for
environmental education and
public viewing of refuge wildlife
and habitats.
Management Tools
* Mechanical/chemical control of
invasive exotic plants.
* Interpretation/education.
* Routine wildlife monitoring.
* Law enforcement.
* Partnerships, both locally and
Public Use Opportunities
* Fishing.
* Wildlife observation.
* Environmental education.
* Photography.

teer Recognition
National Wildlife Week.
tory Bird Day.
lee birthday.

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