i i... ..... ...... .....
Waldemar Klassen and Carlton G. Davis
University of Florida
Institute of Food and Agricultural
On behalf of the
Caribbean Invasive Species Coordinating Committee
CARDI, CABI, CDB, CARICOM, FAO, IICA, UWI, UF & USDA-APHIS
Meeting of Forum of Ministers of Agriculture, Kingston,
Jamaica. Jan 13-14,2005.
J1. Invasive species include disease pathogens, weeds, insects, snakes, etc.
2. Agricultural trade & pest interceptions at ports of entry have been doubling
every 5-6 years.
3. As east west trade has increased many invasives now come from Asia.
4. All regions of the globe have operational regional safeguarding
organizations except the Greater Caribbean hence the need for CAHFSA +
5. Small island states & peninsulas such as Florida are especially vulnerable.
5D. Almost 1/3 of introduced species become damaging economic pests, i.e.
alien invasive species.
~P Shift toward combating pests before they arrive at port of entry.
.A LNI\ERSIl OF
y. WTO enforces the rules of IPPC-OIE-CODEX. FLORIDA
AI H-_ G IA i LI I A IMP R IS AN D
Tonnage of agricultural imports
Number of pests intercepted
Pest-Free Areas of
Th rough Biocontrol,
Cer ification at
PREC LEAR AN CE
(Incipient or Localized
(Wid spread I nfesta i on s)
NAPPO, ETC. ADVOCATE INTERVENTION AT POINT OF
PRODUCTION OR PORT OF EXPORT SO THAT CLEAN
PRODUCTS ARRIVE AT PORT OF ENTRY. % IERSI OF
AREA-W IDE PEST
'J. Can be catastrophic: loss of domestic or export market, e.g.
soybean rust, classical swine fever, etc.
2. Need to eradicate citrus canker: $600 million spent &
exported to Bahamas.
I Avian diseases need to depopulate entire flocks millions
4. Permanently increased cost of production.
I. Cessation of production.
L. Loss of feral bees, etc.
~i UNIVERSITY OF
kMg in N IAI E / HALL NG S T
1. Form international partnerships & mobilize resources to upgrade
and establish new safeguarding facilities and capabilities
(quarantine, surveillance, diagnostic, communication, etc.)
2. Establish pest- free areas of production, e.g., Israel -medfly; Chile -
medfly; Florida caribfly; northern Mexico all fruit flies, etc.
3. Organize area-wide programs to suppress all foci of infestation -
highly effective but requires all producers to cooperate fully, sound
management + some high tech.
4. Implement trace back systems + other modern technologies.
j. These changes require training, modernization and organization at
all levels. ., UNIVERSITY OF
J. Formation of CAHFSA
November 1999: CARICOM Ministers of Agriculture initiated planning of
CAHFSA to replace the FAO CPPC.
Formation of Caribbean Regional Invasive Species Strategy
S At Caribbean Food Crops Society 2003 Grenada Symposium CARICOM
(Byron Blake) appointed 2 groups: (1) Policy ["CRISIS"] and (2) Technical
S Initiative continued at Port of Spain, June 2004, Workshop with major
contributions from CARDI, CABI, CDB, FAO, IICA, MALMR, UWI, UF &
USDA-APHIS. CRISIS document was upgraded.
S The workshop planning committee has remained active, and a follow up
symposium in CFCS meeting is to be held in Guadeloupe in July 2005.
S Cooperative programs with UDSA-APHIS, USDAID-CRSP
S FAO & CAP, etc. L.u ERSI OF
The 2004 Trinidad Workshop recommended:
J A Greater Caribbean Basin wide approach is necessary to meet invasive
SCAHFSA should coordinate regional safeguarding (CRISIS), & partner with
SMobilizing technical, institutional and financial resources would be
facilitated by strategic partnerships with various states including USA.
J CAHFSA should also address safeguarding environmental, natural
resources & biodiversity components of trade.
J CAHFSA should urgently implement 2 region-wide projects: (1) Timely
Internet Tracking Of Invasives & (2) Diagnosis Via Distance Digital Imaging
& Internet Communication.
SUN DIVERSITY OF
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
CENTER FOR TROPICAL AGRICULTURE
Located at: The University of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.
Tropical Research and Education Center 18905 SW" 280 Street Homestead, Fl 33031