W UNIVERSITY of
St. Lucie County Extension 8400 Picos Road, Suite 101, Ft. Pierce, FL 34945-3045
772 462-1660 http://stlucie. ifas.ufl.edu
Treasure Coast Citrus Notes
2009 Indian River Citrus Seminar
The 2009 Indian River Citrus Seminar is scheduled for January 28 and 29, 2009 at the
new Havert L. Fenn Center in Ft. Pierce. The Fenn Center is located at 2000 Virginia
Avenue in Ft. Pierce. This facility is just east of the St. Lucie County Administrative
Complex and just west of the Lawnwood Sports Complex. This new venue will allow all
of the citrus industry suppliers to exhibit in one area with seminar presentations just
across the hall in one of the large meeting rooms.
The seminar planning committee has set up an excellent program with 4 general
sessions titled; New Citrus Varieties, The Grove of the Future, HLB International
Perspectives and Research Initiative, and Grove Management Practices (emphasis on
Asian Citrus Psyllid management). To pre-register for the program, view the program
itself and get directions, go to the Florida Grower Magazine events webpage at:
Indian River Citrus League Banquet
The 2009 Indian River Citrus League/Citrus Seminar Banquet will be held on
Tuesday evening, January 27, 2009, prior to the seminar. The banquet location will be
the Inn at Ocean Village on South Hutchinson Island, 2400 South Ocean Drive (A1A),
Ft. Pierce. For more information or to purchase tickets ($35), contact the Indian River
Citrus League at 772-562-2728 or info(@citrusleague.org or the Citrus Seminar website.
It should be a great evening, so order your tickets early and join your industry
professionals for a sumptuous meal and door prizes.
Ag Worker Training Day
The 2009 Ag Worker Training Day is scheduled for Tuesday, January 27 at the St.
Lucie County Fairgrounds. This is the day prior to the Indian River Citrus Seminar
which is a change from years' past. Training programs will include Fire Safety, First
Aid, Hazmat and Spill Control, Worker Protection Standard, Equipment Safety,
Pesticide Application Safety and Personal Hygiene in the Workplace. There will also be
a Tractor Rodeo and a Canker/Greening Contest.
Pre-registration is required to facilitate planning for a large crowd and for lunch which
will be provided. The cost is $5 per person with checks payable to the St. Lucie County
4-H Foundation. Contact Maria Solis at (772) 468-3922 ext 100 or at masolis(@ufl.edu
to register your employees. For more information and to check out the program
schedule, visit the Citrus page on the IFAS/St. Lucie County Extension website:
International Research Conference on Huanglongbing (HLB)
This conference was held in Orlando in the first week in December. It was a busy four
days as researchers from every citrus producing area in the world gathered to present
papers regarding their research findings related to HLB. The presenters included plant
pathologists, entomologists, plant geneticists and citrus horticulturists. It quickly
became apparent that there are many great minds working on this citrus greening
problem. I would suggest to you that we have a number of "scary smart" researchers
working here in Florida at IFAS in Gainesville, at the IFAS Research and Education
Centers and at the USDA Horticultural Research Lab. You're probably aware of the
huge research effort being funded this year (with grower $), and I'm confident that this
group of scientists is going to solve this Citrus Greening disease problem in the not-too-
So, what did we bring home from the Conference? Given that a huge amount of
information was presented, here are a few observations on a small part of what was
Costs for HLB management can add about $450 per acre to production costs in
Florida. This includes additional inputs for scouting, psyllid control and tree
The application of a dormant season (January-February) spray for psyllids is an
effective and critical part of the control program of the insect for the rest of the
year. All of the pesticides recommended for psyllid control were effective at this
time of year.
Psyllids are more effective vectoring the disease during the cooler months of the
year, placing even more importance on controlling the insect in the spring and
removing infected trees that are easier to spot in the fall and winter months.
The concept of interplanting guavas with citrus is not workable in Florida. One
paper was presented with data that showed interplanting (without pesticides) was
not effective in one site in Southeast Asia, which caused quite a bit of discussion.
However, the guava component that repels psyllids disulfidee) has been isolated
by researchers at the CREC and a commercial product could soon be developed
and available for use by the industry.
While biological control of the psyllid is not currently an effective method of
control in producing groves, research needs to be conducted to develop
strategies for biological control in abandoned groves and in dooryard citrus.
Several research projects documented the "edge effect" of HLB finds. That is,
the incidence of positive HLB trees tends to be higher along roadways, drainage
or irrigation ditches, ponds, etc. Some have theorized that this is a result of
quicker disease expression that is related to horticultural stresses induced by
poor drainage, soil compaction, high pH or other factors.
Although many have been searching for years in all of the areas of the world
where HLB has been present, no apparently resistant citrus trees have been
found. There have been trees located that have some tolerant characteristics
and these may prove helpful in breeding efforts.
Genetic engineering to produce HLB resistant rootstocks appears to have
considerable promise. Resistant rootstocks would be subjected to a much
shorter agency approval process than scion varieties that might be developed.
More information is going to be presented at the Indian River Citrus Seminar.
Click on the following web address to access the proceedings of the conference:
http://www.doacs.state.fl. us/pi/hlb conference/Proceedings. pdf
And, just to recap the current IFAS recommendations for HLB management:
1. Use HLB-free planting/reset material. Current citrus nursery regulations
require that trees be grown in a screened greenhouse to effectively
exclude psyllids, in addition to other requirements.
2. Scout frequently for HLB and remove or kill infected trees to reduce the
source of disease inoculum in your grove.
3. Control Asian Citrus Psyllids to reduce the possibility of spread by the
4. Maintain the nutritional health of your trees. In general, healthy trees are
able to better withstand the effects of disease.
2009 HLB & Canker Research Efforts Funded
In mid-December, the Florida Citrus Production Research Advisory Council (FCPRAC)
met to review the recommendations of the National Academy of Science peer review
panels regarding some 260 research project requests for funding. 83 research
proposals dealing mostly with HLB and citrus canker were ultimately funded with some
$16 million grower dollars. This level of funding is unprecedented and comes from a
portion of the Florida Citrus Commission advertising budget. The grower members on
the FCPRAC have invested a huge amount of time and effort to make this research
push a reality. For more information about how this all came about and what the future
holds, go the Florida Citrus Industry Research Coordinating Council (FCIRCC) website
and read the current IN THE LOOP newsletter. http://www.fcircc.org/
The Citrus HLB (Greening) Database
The Citrus Greening Database is a cooperative effort between the University of
Florida/IFAS and the Florida Center for Library Automation (FCLA). The objective is to
compile and centralize worldwide information related to HLB in a user friendly database
that can be accessed by everyone. The HLB database is a worldwide compilation of
published articles, memos, proceedings and extension material related to HLB. This
database is a dynamic project that will be expanding over time.
Disclaimer: The i'rng *n n,.r puii.co,'c n ooe'. nr .n3o.are ge0 ro' or specific endorsementorexclusion of product or service, nor does it
indicate approval by the University of Flrida, the Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, or the Florida Cooperative Extension Service.
If you would like your company information to be added to this list please contact lJmie Votes, email@example.com or 863-956-1151.
Circle H Citrus, Inc.
P.O. Box 14049, Ft. Pierce, Florida 34979
Contact: Hoyt Howard
Email: h-ytjr@bellsouth net
Counties: Indian Ri.er. Martin. Okeechobee, St. Lucie
Florida Citrus Service, Inc.
PO Box 295, Arcadia, Florida 34265
Contact: Matt Moye
Counties: All Florida counties
Krause Grove Service, Inc.
2807 Ralph Johns Road, Wauchula, Florida 33873
Contact: Bobby Krause
Methods: Walking, ATV, Elevated platform
Counties: Desoto, Hardee, Highlands, Manatee, Polk
Lennon Grove Service
2701 Dean Ridge Road, Orlando, Florida 32825
Contact: Bill Lennon
Counties: Brevard, Lake, Marion, Orange, Osceola,
I I. I % l % I I I
11f L tsio n
Nuvee Enterprises, Inc.
8501 SW 10m Lane, Okeechobee, Florida 34974
Contact: Bruce Sutton
Methods: WValking, Elevated Platform
Counties: Collier, Desoto, Hendry, Highlands, Indian
River, Okeechobee, Manatee, Martin, Palm Beach, Polk,
Smoak Groves, Inc.
1025 CR 17 N., Lake Placid, Florida 33852
Contact: Holly Chamberlain
Email: hlcharrberlain@ernbarqrmail com
Methods: Walking, ATV, Elevated Platform
Counties: All Florida counties
Statewide Harvesting and Hauling, L.L.C.
PO Box 1804, Dundee, Florida 33838
Contact: Todd Holtsberry
Email tholtsberrvc'statewideharvesting corn
Methods: ATV, Elevated platform
Counties: Brevard, DeSoto, Glades, Hardee, Hendrv,
Highlands, Hillsborough Indian River, Lake, Manatee,
Orange, Osceola, Pasco, Polk, Seminole, St. Lucie,
For ore information, please '
contact your local multi-county
citrus extension agent
httpr://dtrusgents.ifas uf. edu
Predicting the 2009 Bloom Period
For the last 10 years, Dr. Gene Albrigo, Horticulturist at the CREC in Lake Alfred has
provided time of bloom predictions based on a Flower Bud Induction Overview and
Advisory model. This model basically utilizes the number of hours accumulated below
68 degrees to predict when our trees are going to bloom. As I'm sure you've noticed,
we've had an abnormally cool fall period followed by some warmer temperatures in
December. The result is that the current advisory model indicates an early bloom
starting the first week of February in St. Lucie County. A bloom at this time would have
to be regarded as "early" and would unfortunately be subject to the threat of frost. Be
advised that the bloom dates indicated by this model are modified weekly, depending on
current weather conditions. At this time, Dr. Albrigo advises that growers be aware of
the potential frost danger and perhaps utilize an irrigation schedule that withholds
supplemental water and will perhaps retard this early bloom possibility. Of course,
rainfall and warm weather are beyond your control if it occurs.
It has been my observation that many growers apply more irrigation than necessary
during the winter period, denying trees that have already been harvested a chance to
rest and build up carbohydrate reserves for the next year's crop. The result is a lengthy
and weak bloom. Trees that have not been harvested require more supplemental
irrigation to avoid the "soft fruit" that our harvesting partners are quick to bring to our
Florida Automated Weather Network (FAWN)
Since we've just mentioned weather, let's not forget the IFAS FAWN weather system
that provides real time weather data at 35 locations across the state. By monitoring
weather conditions at sites at other locations, one may be able to better predict the
ultimate weather outcome at your grove site.
Also on the FAWN site, Chris Oswalt, Polk County Citrus Agent, generates a page with
Citrus Leaf Freezing Point Data that is updated on a regular basis during the winter
season. There is also an AgroClimate tab that offers long-range forecasts and weather
data for the Southeast U.S.
Florida's Minimum Wage Increased Jan 1
Florida's minimum wage will be $7.21 per hour, effective January 1, 2009. This is up
from the $6.79 per hour minimum wage in 2008. On November 2, 2004, Florida voters
approved a constitutional amendment which created Florida's minimum wage. The
minimum wage applies to all employees in the state who are covered by the federal
minimum wage. Florida law requires the Agency for Workforce Innovation to calculate a
new minimum wage each year and publish the new minimum wage on January 1. The
current minimum wage represents a 6.2 percent change in the federal Consumer Price
Index for urban wage earners and clerical workers in the South Region for the 12-month
period prior to September 1, 2008.
In deciding whether the federal or state minimum wage applies, federal law directs that
businesses must pay the higher of the two. The Florida minimum wage will prevail over
the federal rate until such time as the federal minimum wage becomes higher than the
state rate. The federal minimum wage will increase to $7.25 on July 24, 2009. On this
date, Florida employers must increase the minimum wage from $7.21 to $7.25.
Employers must pay their employees the hourly state minimum wage for all hours
worked in Florida. The definitions of "employer," "employee" and "wage" for state
purposes are the same as those established under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act
Florida Statutes require employers who must pay their employees the Florida
minimum wage to post a minimum wage notice in a conspicuous and accessible
place in each establishment where these employees work. This poster requirement
is in addition to the federal requirement to post a notice of the federal minimum wage.
The Florida and federal minimum wage will increase as follows:
$7.21 January 1, 2009 Florida New Minimum Wage
$7.25 July 24, 2009 Federal and Florida New Minimum Wage
2009 Notice to Employees Poster (English)
2009 Notice to Employees Poster (Spanish)
2009 Florida Certified Pile Burner Courses
The Florida Division of Forestry and University of Florida IFAS are cooperating to offer
Certified Pile Burners Courses in 2009. This course will show you how to burn piles
legally, safely and efficiently. Most importantly, it could save a life by decreasing risks
associated with smoke on roadways. If you burn piles regularly, don't put off registering
for this training. When the weather is dry, certified pile burners will receive priority
for authorization to burn. Also, certified pile burners are allowed to burn up to two
hours longer per day and get multiple day authorizations. Don't wait. The number of
training offered and attendance at each training is LIMITED. The cost of the course is
$50 per person and includes all course materials, test and lunch.
February 24, 2009; Highlands County Extension Office in Sebring, FL
http://www.fl-dof.com/calendar/cal pdf/pile burner sebrinq Feb2009.pdf
I have been trying to schedule a course in St. Lucie County but have not been able to
convince the Florida Division of Forestry that we have sufficient local demand for such a
program. The courses have historically filled up quickly. If you are unable to get
registered in Sebring or are unwilling to travel to Sebring for the course, give me a call
or send me an email so that I can document a local need for this program.
Updated State Canker/Greening Map
Click on the following web address to download a current map of Citrus Canker and
Greening finds in the state. Greening has now been found in all of the citrus producing
counties in the state, with the higher concentrations of finds in the southern half of the
http://www. doacs. state.fl. us/pi/chrp/ArcReader/CC HLB.pdf
Certified Pesticide Applicator Training
General Standards (CORE) Training and Exam. Preparation for the General Standards
Exam required for all of the Pesticide Application Categories. 2 General Standard
CEU's will be offered for individuals who are current license holders. This course will be
offered on January 7th and then again on February 3rd, 2009. Pre-registration is
required and the cost is $15.00. Call (772) 462-1660 for details and to pre-register.
Just for Fun
Two rednecks, Bubba and Earl, were driving down the road drinking a couple of bottles
The passenger, Bubba, said "look up ahead, Earl, it's a police roadblock!! We're gonna
get busted for drinking' these here beers!!"
Don't worry, Bubba", Earl said. "We'll just pull over and finish drinking' these beers, peel
off the label and stick it on our foreheads, and throw the bottles under the seat".
"What for?" asked Bubba.
"Just let me do the talking', OK?" said Earl.
Well, they finished their beers, threw the empty bottles under the seat, and each put a
label on their forehead. When they reached the roadblock, the sheriff said, "You boys
been drinking? "
"No, sir", said Earl. "We're on the patch"!
Tim Gaver, Extension Agent II Citrus
St. Lucie County Cooperative Extension for yoUT LIFE
The Foundation for The Gator Nation
An Equal Opportunity / Affirmative Action Institution