CONSULTANTS IN DEVELOPMENT
2130 P Street, N.W, Suite 803, Washington, DC. 20037 Telephone: 202, 223-8466
September 28, 1982
TO: Mr. Frank Morriss, Deputy Director, USAID/Jamaica
FROM: Elsa M. Chaney, Consultants in Development
SUBJECT: Meeting with Dr. Lloyd Hunter and Mrs. Daphne Graham
This memo is to report on my meeting September 22 with Dr. Lloyd Hunter and
Mrs. Daphne Graham, whom Dr. Hunter arranged to join us. Mrs. Graham serves
on the boards of both the National Development Foundation of Jamaica and the
Small Business Association. I believe that Dr. Hunter will be in touch with
you, but I shall sum up briefly the main points of the meeting as it unfolded.
1. In principle, Dr. Hunter and Mrs. Graham agree that programmes to
assist small business enterprises should be expanded across the
island, to the towns and to rural Jamaica. They also indicated that
this is not yet happening, although the board members of NDF have
been encouraging the organization to work towards an expansion to
2. They also agree that women should be included more directly and
specifically in programmes to assist micro-businesses.
3. The principal reason that programmes are not yet reaching rural
Jamaica and rural women is not only funding, but trained personnel.
This lack is not only at the level of field staff, but at the plan-
ning and policy level. There are too few Jamaicans in policy-making
positions talking to too many people with good ideas, and there is a
danger of spreading themselves too thin.
4. Nevertheless, Dr. Hunter and Mrs. Graham are interested in pursuing
the ideas expressed at the meeting and in the "Green Hills Enterprises"
concept paper. They agree that the rural areas and women should be
included in the NDF and SBA programmes, and they are disposed to con-
sider such expansion seriously.
5. An add-on or amendment to an already-existing OPG would make such
expansion more feasible.
6. A possible next step would be for Consultants in Development (Chaney
and/or Dulansey) to make a presentation to the combined boards of NDF
and SBA -- since they meet on the third Thursday of the month at the
same venue, this would be quite manageable. October 21 and November 18
were mentioned as possible dates.
7. If the boards) were to respond favourably, a subcommittee might be
formed of several of the board members of whichever organization it
was agree might be the vehicle for the expansion (Mrs. Graham leaned
New York Office: 298 West 11th Street. NewYork. NY 10014 Telephone: (212)255-1686
California Office: 501 Hill Street. Santa Monica.CA 90405 Telephone: (213)396-4241
Florida Office: 2780 Atlantic. Box 174. Melbourne Beach, FL 32951 Tel (305)724-6593
Mr. Frank Morriss September 28, 1982 Page 2
towards NDF as more appropriate, while Dr. Hunter thought SBA might
be preferable -- with the added attraction that organizationally
SBA already has a direct relationship with USAID/Jamaica).
8. Consultants in Development would then work with the subcommittee
members and, if possible, a prospective director of the subproject
so that (s)he would have input in shaping the expanded programme.
Consultants in Development would do the "donkey work" of preparing
the proposal, documents, etc., working in close collaboration with
the subcommittee. Except as a catalyst, the present "Green Hills"
document would be set aside so that the subproject would evolve from
the beginning as a Jamaican enterprise. If a decision to go ahead
were to be approved, Consultants in Development would be contracted
for an agreed-upon time to provide technical assistance to the sub-
project, both for planning and for implementation, drawing as much
as possible on Caribbean and Jamaican talent.
9. The subproject proposal would emphasize women's needs and contribu-
tions through citing such facts as rates of male out-migration from
the rural areas; the increasing incidence of the female-headed house-
hold; the need of women to earn income, and the lack of employment
opportunities in the countryside. The subproject would in no way be
exclusively a women's endeavour, and it would not be cast in a "women's
liberation" framework, which has limited relevance to rural Jamaica.
10. Some financial mechanism for bringing Chaney and/or Dulansey back
to Jamaica for the initial presentation to the NDF/SBA boards must
be identified, as well as for a follow-on for the design phase if
the boards) agrees) to going forward with a proposal. Ten working
days would probably be sufficient, allowing time to talk to the sub-
committee members, become familiar with what already has been accom-
plished, and draft a subproject proposal.
cc: Dr. Lloyd Hunter
Mrs. Daphne Graham