Title: Bibliography of research on variation and interrelationships of milk constituents
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Title: Bibliography of research on variation and interrelationships of milk constituents
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Creator: Wilcox, Charles J.,
Publisher: Florida Agricultural Experiment Station,
Copyright Date: 1963
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FLORIDA AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION
Gainesville, Florida


Dairy Science Mimeo Report 63-6
/June 10, 1963



Bibliography of Research on Variation and
Interrelationships of Milk C6nstituents

C. J. Wilcox and W. A. (rienkea.


Reports of research on milk composition have appeared in the literature
since the early 1800's. An attempt has been made in this report to
list pertinent technical articles to enable researchers to search the
literature more easily in the future. Material concerning the milk
of dairy cows only is included, especially that appearing since 1957.

Listed are modern references on genetic influences, and such environmental
factors as age, season and year of freshening, stage of lactation and
pregnancy. Also included are references on the interrelationships of
various milk components, especially solids-not-fat, protein and chloride.

Not included are references concerning the effects of specific nutritional
or climatological factors on.composition, those dealing with pathogenic
effects, those on protein or lactose fractions, those on colostrum, or
those on methodology. Popular articles have been excluded, except in a
few cases where thought to be appropriate. Preliminary reports have \
not been listed when full reports by the same investigators were given
at a later date. *

BIBLIOGRAPHY

1. Akmal'khanov, Sh. Composition of milk in the Tashkent province.
Mol. Prom 23:34. 1962.

2. Akmal'khanov, Sh. Variation in composition of milk at the hot and
cool seasons in Uzbekistan. Int. Dairy Congr., A:265. 1962.

3. Alexander, W. H., and Leech, F. B. A quantitative evaluation of
some factors affecting the non-fatty solids of cows' milk. J. Dairy
Res., 27:19. 1960.

4. Anagama, Y., and Kami, T. Seasonal variation in the protein, lactose
and mineral content of cows' milk. J. Fac. Fish. Anim. Husb.,
Hiroshima Univ., 2:79. 1958.

5. Anagama, Y., and Kami, T. Seasonal variations in the casein and whey
protein content of milk. J. Fac. Fish. Anim. Husb., Hiroshima
Univ., 3:191. 1960.


a.
aAssistant Dairy Husbandman and Associate Dairy Technologist,
respectively. Department of Dairy Science.







6. Anagama, Y., and Kami, T. Seasonal variations in the solids-not-fat
content of cows' milk. J. Fac. Fish. Anim. Husb. Hiroshima Univ.,
1:373. 1958.

7. Aristova, V. P., and Barabanshclukov, N. V. Composition of milk
and quality of its products as related to the age of the cow. Izv.
Timiryazev. sel'skokhoz. Akad. (4):222. 1961.

8. Aristova, V. P., Gul'ko, L. E., Kruglova, L. A., Ermakova, M. A.,
Gal'tseva, V. P., and Bekhova, E. A. Technological properties of
milk and quality of milk products in relation to the age of cows.
Dokl. vses. Konf. moloch. Delu. p 215. 1958.

9. Armandola, P., and Brezzi, G. S.N.F. content of milk produced in
Novara. Latte. 35:584. 1961.

10. Armstrong, T. V. Variations in the gross composition of milk as
related to the breed of the cow: A review and critical evaluation
of literature of the United States and Canada. J. Dairy Sci;,
42:1. 1959.

11. Auriol, P., and Grosclaude, F. Changes in cows' milk composition
with age. Ann. Zootech. 9:121. 1960.

12. Auriol, P., and Grosclaude, P. Changes with age in the composition
of cows' milk. Butterfat, protein and calcium content of Montbeliard
cows. Anim. Breed. Abstr., 29:32. 1961. See (11).

13. Azarme, E. Variations in the protein content of milk during
lactation. J. Dairy Res., 9:121. 1938.

14. Azarme, E. Errors involved in the estimation of the lactation yield
of protein according to the intervals between sampling. J. Dairy
Res., 9:147. 1938.

15. Bagnall, H. H. City of Birmingham. Annual report of the city
analyst for the year 1954. Analytical Dept., Birmingham, England.
1955.

16. Bailey, G. L. Studies on variation in the solids-not-fat content
of milk. I. Variations in lactation yield, milk-fat percentage and
solids-not-fat percentage, that are due to the age of the cow.
J. Dairy Res., 19:89. 1952.

17. Bailey, G. L. Studies on variations in the solids-not-fat content
of milk. II. Variation due to stage in lactation. J. Dairy Res.,
19:102. 1952.

18. Bailey, G. L. Studies on variations in the solids-not-fat content
of milk. III. Seasonal variations. J. Dairy Res., 19:109. 1952.

19. Bailey, G. L. Studies on variations in the solids-not-fat content
of milk. IV. Longterm trends. J. Dairy Res., 19:115. 1952.
20. Bailey, G. L. Studies on variations in the solids-not-fat content
of milk. V. Variations due to winter feeding practice. J. Dairy
Res., 19:169. 1952.





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21. Bailey, G. L. Variations in the solids-not-fat fraction of milk.
Dairy Sci. Abstr., 14:894. 1952.

22. Bakalor, S. Investigations on the composition of South African
milk. V. The relationships between the various constituents of
milk. Union S. Africa, Dept. of Agric., Bull 297. 1948.

23. Bakalor, S. Investigations on the composition of South African
milk. V.(b) The ratios of the percentages of other constituents
to the percentage of fat in milk. Farming in S. Africa, 23:415.
1948.

24. Bakalor, S. Investigations on the composition of South African
milk. VII. The compositional quality of the South African city
milk supply. Union S. Africa, Dept. of Agric., Bull 377. 1958.

25. Bakalor, S., and Labuschagne, J. H. The composition of milk
produced in a semi-arid area in South Africa. Int. Dairy Congr.,
195S(1):225. 1959.

26. Baker, A. G., and Cranfield, H. T. Variation in the composition
of milk in certain midland districts of England during the years
1923-31. J. Dairy Res., 4:246. 1933.

27. Ballarin, 0. Chemico-physical equilibrium systems in milk.
Milchw. 6(1):6; (2):30. Illus. 1951.

28. Barabanshchikov, N. Protein content of milk of cows of different
breeds. Mol. Prom 20:45. 1959.

29. Barry, J. M., and Rowland, S. J. Variations in the ionic and'
lactose concentrations of milk. Biochem. J., 54:575. 1953.

30. Bartlett, S. Variations in the solids-not-fat content of milk.
I and II. J. Dairy Res., 5:113. 1934.

31. Bartlett, S. Variations in the solids-not-fat content of milk.
III. The lactation yield and factors affecting it. J. Dairy
Res., 5:179. 1934.

32. Bartlett, S., and Kay, H. D. Milk quality. J. Royal Agric. Soc.,
111:87. 1950.

33. Bateman, J. U., and DeAlba, J. -Relative protein content of milk
produced by four breed groups in a tropical environment. J. Dairy
Sci.., 44:1190. 1961.

34. Bayoumi, M. S. Effect of season and stage of lactation on the
yield and composition of milk in two herds of University College
of Wales, Aberystevyth. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 12(3-4). 1959.

35. Bednarczyk, W., Dabrowska, W., Laskowski, K., Lewandowska, B., and
Nowak, E. Chemical composition of cows' milk in Poland in 1954-56.
Prace Inst. Przem. Mlecz. 8(1):45. 1961.
36. Berge, S. Variations in the yield and chemical composition of milk.
Tidsskr. Norsk. Landbr. 68:390. 1961.





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37. Bergman, T., and Joost, K. Variations in the protein content of the\
cheese milk and its composition during different periods of the year.
Int. Zuivelcongr. Den 1aag, 2:32. 1953.

38. Bezenko, T. I. Heredity of solids-not-fat fraction of milk from
Kholmogor cows. Zhivotnovodstvo 21:67. 1959.

39. Bezenko, T. I. Heredity of solids-not-fat and butter-fat content of
milk in cows. Dokl. vses. Lenina Akad. sel'skokhoz. Nauk 24:37. 1959.

40. Bonnier, G. A contribution to the genetics of milk gland activity
in cattle. Hereditas, 33:101. 1947.

41. Bonnier, G., Hansson, A., and Folke, J. Studies in the variations
of the calorie content of milk. Acta Agr. Suecana, 2:159. 1946-47.

42. Bonnier, G., and Hansson, A. Studies on monozygous cattle twins, VII.
On the genetical determination of the interdependency between the
percentages of fat, protein, and lactose in the milk. Acta Agr.
Suecana, 2:171. 1946-47.

43. Brakel, W. J. Repeatability estimates of monthly solids-not-fat
tests. J. Dairy Sci.,.43:880. 1960.

44. Brathie, 0. Milk quality changes during the last stages of lactation.
Meieriposten 43:55 and 48:83. 1959.

45. Brouwer, E. Variations in the nutritive components of milk due to
factors such as stage of lactation, diet and heredity. Voeding,
17:163. 1956.

46. Brown, M. A., Vanderzant, C., Parker, B. A., and Rupel, I. W. Some
factors affecting milk fat and protein levels in milk from dairy
herds in Central Texas. J. Dairy Sci., 44:1196. 1961.

47. Budslawski, J., Damicz, W., and Tomasik, M. The composition of bulk
milk in the north of Poland. Int. Dairy Congr., 1959(l):232. 1959.

48. Campbell, I. L., Flux, D. S., and Patchell, M. R. Factors affecting
the non-fatty solids in milk, with particular reference to the New
Zealand town milk industry. Proc. N.Z. Soc. of Anim. Prod., 15:132.
1955.

49. Castillo, L. S. Factors affecting solids-not-fat of Guernsey milk.
Diss. Abstr. 21:3214. 1961.

50. Castillo, L. S., Trimberger, G. W., Herrington, B. L., Henderson, C. R.,
and Turk, K. L. Factors affecting chloride content and relationship
of chloride, protein, and solids-not-fat in Guernsey milk. J. Dairy
Sci., 44:1961. 1961.

51. Caulfield, W. J., Whitnah, C. H., and Atkeson, F. W. Variations in
the fat and solids-not-fat content of milk. The Assoc. Bull., Int.
Assoc. of Milk Dealers, No. 6. Feb. 28, 1939.

52. Cerosvsky, H. Relationships between the butterfat and protein content
of cows' milk. Dtsch. Milchw. 8:4. 1961.





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53. Chanda, R., McNaught, M. L., and Owen, E. C. The effect of thyroxine
and thiouracil on the composition of milk. Biochem. J., 51:543. 1952.
54. Claesson, 0., and Hansson, A. The influence of the frequency of
milking on the yield of milk and milk constituents. Int. Dairy Congr.,
1959. 1:59. 1959.
55. Cobble, J. W., and HIermarn, H. A. The influence of environmental
temperatures on the composition of milk of the dairy cow. Mo. Agr.
Exp. Sta. Res. Bull. 485. 1951.
56. Comberg, G., and Hahnel, B. Milk composition of Spotted Mountain
cows. Arch. Tierzucht 1:294. 1958.


57. Comberg, G., and Voigtlander, K.-H.
of milk of Black Pied Lowland cows
and the influence of environmental
71:164. 1958.


Investigations on the composition
in the course of several lactations
factors. Z. Tierz. ZuchtBiol.


S8. Comberg, G., and Voigtlander, K.-H. The protein and S.N.F. contents
of cows' milk and their determination. Arch. Tierzucht 2:317'. 1959.
59. Combs, T. N., Reaves, P. M., and Graf, G. C. The fat and solids-not-
fat content of individual cows. J. Dairy Sci., 38:620. 1955.
60. Corrado, F. Solids-not-fat content of milk from the valley of
Pescara. Latte 35(12):908. 1961.
61. Cosgrove, C. J., and Cobble, J. W. Comparison of methods for the
determination of butterfat, solids-not-fat and total solids in milk.
J. Dairy Sci., 40:599. 1957.


62. Cox, C. P., Hosking, Z. D., and Posener,
composition and viscosity of cows' milk.


L. N. Relations between
J. Dairy Res., 26:182. 1959.


63. Cranfield, H. T. Variation in the percent of non-fatty solids in
milk and its importance in milk production. Agr. Prog., 3:33. 1926.


64. Cranfield, H. T.
quality of milk'.
65. Cranfield, H. T.,
of milk. Part I.
content of cows
17:62. 1927.


Effect of abnormal weather conditions on the
J. Ministry of Agr., 37:347. 1930.


Griffiths, D. G., and Ling, E. R.
Variation in the solids-not-fat,
milk, and their relationship. J.


The composition
fat, and protein
Agr. Sci.,


66. Cranfield, H. T., Griffiths, D. G., and Ling, E. R. Part II.
Variation in the percentage of mineral constituents in cows' milk,
and their relationship with the solids-not-fat and protein content.-
J. Agr. Sci., 17:72. 1927.
67. Cullity, M., Hood, J. C., and Needham, K. Composition of milk. A
preliminary investigation into the seasonal trend of chemical quality
of milk from cows in a herd with a reputation for substandard fats
and solids-not-fat.\J. Dept. Agr.,.W. Australia, 26:49. 1949.
68. Czako, J. Study of some factors affecting the protein and S.N.F.
contents of milk. Allattenyesztes, 10:203. 1961.


69. Czako, J., and Csukas, A.
required for estimation of
tes, 10:289. 1961.


The number of determinations of protein
lactation yield of protein. Allattenyesz-


70. Dastur, N. N. Present-day problems posed by variation
not-fat content of milk. 7th Int. Congr. Anim. Husb.,
1956.


in the solids-
1956. 8:107.





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71. Davidov, R. B. Composition and technological properties of milk in
relation to breed. Dokl. vseoyuz. Konf. moloch. Delu., p 81. 1958.
72. Davidov, R. B. Factors affecting the content of protein in milk.
Vestn. sel'skokhoz. Nauki 8:70. 1963.
73. Davies, W. L. The distribution of nitrogen in milk with reference to
the solids-not-fat content. J. Dairy Res., 4:142. 1932.
74. Davies, W. L. The composition of the isotonic diluent in samples of
milk low in solids-not-fat. J. Dairy Res., 4:273. 1932.
75. Davis, J. G. The chemical composition of milk between 1900 and 1950.
The Analyst, 77:499. 1952.
76. Davis, R. N., Harland, F.G.,Caster, A. B., and Kellner, R. H.
Variation in the constituents of milk under Arizona conditions. I.
Variations of individual cows within breeds by calendar months.
J. Dairy Sci., 30:415.. 1947.
77. Davis, R. N., Harland, F. G., Caster, A. B., and Kellner, R. H.
Variation in the constituents of milk under Arizona conditions. II.
Influence of the month of lactation of cows of different breeds.
J. Dairy Sci., 30:425. 1947.
78. Davis, R. N., Harland, P. G., Caster, A. B., and Kellner, R. H.
Variation in the constituents of milk under Arizona conditions. III.
Variation in milk from Jersey, Guernsey, Holstein, and mixed herds.
J. Dairy Sci., 30:435. 1947.
79. Dentler, K., and Kiermeirer, F. Variations in the protein content
of milk. Z. Lebensmitt Untersuch, 109:146. 1959.
80. DeVleeschauwer, A., and Heyndrick, G. V. Investigations into the
relationship between butterfat and proteins in milk. Ned. Melken
Zuiveltijdschr., 10:10. 1956.
81. Drakeley, T..J., and White, M. K. The influence of the stage of
lactation and the breed of the cow on the yield and quality of milk.
J. Agr. Sci., 17:118. 1927.
82. D'yachenko, P., and Khlopotova,.N. Relationships between freezing
point, composition and specific gravity of milk. Mol. Prom.,
23:34. 1962.
83. Eckles, C. H., and Shaw, R. H. The influence of the stage of lactation
on the composition and properties of milk. U.S.D.A. Bur. Anim. Ind.,
Bull. 155. 1913.
84. Eckles, C. H., and Shaw, R. H. The influence of breed and individual-
ity on the composition and properties of milk. U.S.D.A. Bur. Anim.
Ind., Bull. 156. 1913.
85. Eckles, C. H., and Shaw, R. H. Variations in the composition and
properties of milk from the individual cow. U.S.D.A. Bur. Anim.
Ind., Bull 157. 1913.
86. Edwards, R. A. An investigation of fourteen herds producing sub-
standard milks in the east of Scotland. J. Dairy Res., 25:9. 1958.
87. Eisses, J. The protein and solids-not-fat content of milk in the
Netherlards. Neth. Milk Dairy J., 14:352. 1960.
88. Erb, R. E. Influence of breed and variations in percentage fat.of
individual cows when estimating SNF with the plastic bead method of
Golding. J. Dairy Sci., 45:686. 1962.





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89. Ferguson, G. S. Factors affecting non-fatty-solids in milk. Vet.
Rec., 69:407. 1957.
90. Filipovitch, Dj., and Filipovitch, D. Study of the correlation-
between the yield of milk and the chemical composition of milk in the
course of lactation. Proc. Int. Assoc. Vet. Fd. Hyg., p 377. 1960.
91. Fletcher, J. L. Solids-not-fat content of the milk of Holstein,
Jersey, and Sindhi-Jersey cows in a Louisiana herd. J. Dairy Sci.,
42:916. 1959.
92. Flux, D. S., Patchell, M. R., Campbell, I. L., and McDowall, F. H.
Variations in the composition of milk. Dairy Res. Inst. (N.Z.),
Publ. 277. 1955.
93. Fosgate, 0. T. Certain factors affecting the solids-not-fat and
total solids in milk. J. Dairy Sci., 44:980. 1961.
94. Freeman, T. R. Effect of breed, season, and stage of lactation on
certain constituents and properties of milk. Ky. Agr. Exp. Sta.
Bull. 667. 1959.
95. Freiman, G. E. Composition of milk of Latvian Red cows and the
possibility of improving its quality. Sborn. Trud. Latvian nauch.- '\
issled. Inst. Zhivotn. Vet., 11:23. 1960.
96. Pricker, A. On the problem of butterfat-protein ratio in individual
milk samples. Dtsch. Molkereiztg, 81:978. 1960.
97. Gaines, W. L., and Overman, 0. R. Interrelations of milk-fat, milk-
protein, and milk-energy yield. J. Dairy Sci., 21:271. 1938.
98. Gardner, R. H., Thomas, W. R., and Willard, H. S. A study of solids-
not-fat variations in different portions of milk drawn. J. Dairy
Sci., 39:1400. 1956.
99. Gaunt, S. N., Corwin, A. R., Gilmore, H. C., Birdsong, E. H., and
Russell, S. Protein, SNF, and fat variations in lactation milk
records. J. Dairy Sci., 45:687. 1962.
100. Golding, J., Mackintosh, J., and Mattick, E. C. V. Investigations
on the milk of a typical herd of Shorthorn cows. J. Dairy Res.,
4:48. 1933.
101. Golding, J., Mackintosh, J., and Mattick, E. C. V. Investigations
on the milk of a typical herd of Shorthorn cows. II. J. Dairy Res.,
6:6. 1935.
102. Goreglyad, Kh. S., and Koneva, 0. I. Properties of milk on collective
markets in Vitebsk. Trud. Nauchn.-issled. Vet. Inst., Minsk.,
1:296. 1960.
103. Gorrie, C., and Harvey, W. R. Some causes of variation and covaria-
tion in fat and solids-not-fat percent of milk from Holstein cows.
Proc. 34th Ann. Mtg., West. Div., A.D.S.A. p 71. 1953.
104. Gowen, J. W. Variations and mode of secretion of milk solids. J.
Agr. Res., 16:79. 1919.
105. Griffiths, T. W., and Featherstone, J. Variations in the solids-not-
fat content of milk. Investigations into the nature of the solids-
not-fat problems in the West Midlands. J. Dairy Res., 24:201. 1957.
106. Groh, J., Knez, V., Likar, 0., and Wolfschutz, V. Correlations
between some major constituents of milk. Sborn. csl. Akad. Zemed.
Ved. (Zivocisna Vyroba), 31:415. 1958.





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107. Hadland, G., and Solberg, P. Review of the present day problems
posed by variations in the solids-not-fat content of milk. 7th Int.
Congr. Anim. Husb., 5:85. 1956.
108. Hanset, R. Variations in the content of the principal constituents
of milk. Ann. Med. Vet., 102:307. 1950.
109. Hansson, A. Arvets betydelse for mjolkens sammansattning. (The
importance of inheritance for the composition of milk). Svenska
Mejeritidningen, 40L147. 1948.
110. Hansson, A. Genetic variation in the content of milk constituents.
7th Int. Congr. Anim. Husb., 5:111. 1956.
111. Hansson, A., and Bonnier, G. Further studies on the genetical
determination of the composition of cows' milk with regard to fat,
protein, and lactose. Acta. Agr. Suecana, 3:179. 1949.
112. Hansson, A., Claesson, O., Brannang, E., and Gustafsson, N. Studies
on monozygous cattle twins. XVI. Milking intervals in relation to
yield of milk and milk constituents. Acta Agr. Scand., 8:296. 1958.
113. Hansson, A., Skjervold, H., and Carli, B. Den dgaliga variationen i
mjolkens sammansattning. (The daily variation of milk composition).
Kungl. Lantbruksakad. Tidskr. 88:287. 1949.
114. Hansson, A., Skjeivold, H., and Carli, B. The genetical determination
of the compositionof lacto-protein. Acta Agric. Scand., 1:112. 1950.
115. Haring, F. The inheritance of important milk constituents. Zuchtungs-
kunde, 27:270. 1955.
116. Hart, P. C., and Minkema, D'. Uniformity test with monozygous twin
cows. Veet.-en Zuivelbericht, 5:164. 1962.
117. Harvey, W. R., Hansen, H. C., and Boyd, J. C. Interrelations among
lactometer readings, Westphal balance readings, formol titration
test, Hart casein test, percent protein, casein, solids-not-fat, and
butterfat of milk from individual cows. Proc. 35th Ann. Mtg. West.
Div. A.D.S.A., p 317. 1954.
118. Herrmann, L. F. Indirect estimates of the solids-not-fat content of
milk. U.S.D.A. Marketing Res. Div. (AMS), Bull. March 1954.
119. Heyns, H. S. The growth of the Afrikaner calf in relation to the
production and composition of the milk of its dam. I. The production
and composition of the milk. S. Afr. J. Agr. Sci., 3:349. 1960.
120. Hill, H. Der einfluss der ernahrung unserer nutztiere auf die
qualitat der von ihnen stammenden lebensmittel. Deut. tierarztl.
Wochenschr., 64:49. 1949.
121. Holland, M. G. Keeping up the winter SNF percentage. Canterbury
survey reveals weak spots in winter feeding of some town milk herds.
N.Z. Dairy Exp. 35. 1960.
122. Holliday, A. C., and Thompson, N. R. Some findings of a survey of 50
Virginia dairy herds relative to milk solids-not-fat. J. Dairy Sci.,
44:1196. 1961.
123. Honer, C. J., and Herzer, F. H. A study of the composition of milk
produced in different areas of Mississippi. Miss. State Coll. Agr.
Exp. Sta. Bull. 474. 1950.
124. Horn, A. Jersey crossbreeding experiments in Hungary. Nemzet.
Mezogazd. Szemle, Szofia-Budapest, (4):66. 1961.







125. Houston, J. The influence of the stage of lactation on the natural
acidity of milk. J. Dairy Res., 2:179. 1930.
126. Houston, J., and Hale, R.'W. The yield and composition of milk with
special reference to the influence of climatic conditions and other
factors. J. Dairy Res., 3:294. 1932.
127. Intrieri, F. S.N.F. content of milk with particular regard to the
province of Naples. Latte 36(3):186. 1962.
128. Ivannikova, A., Tsvetkova, E., and Merzametov, M. Some data on milk
composition in Dagestan. Mol. Prom., 23:18. 1962.
129. Jack, E. L., Roessler, E. B., Abbott, F. H., and Irwin, A. W.
Relationship of solids-not-fat to fat in California milk. Calif.
Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 726. 1951..
130. Jacobsen, D. H., and Wallis, G. C. Factors affecting the composition
of milk. S. Dak. Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull. 331. 1939.
131. Janse, L. C. Composition of Friesian milk. .Neth. Milk Dairy J.,
4:9. 1950.
132. Jarrige, R. Variations de la teneur en matieres azotees des laits
individuals. 7th Int. Congr. Anim. Husb., Subj. 5:119. 1956.
133. Jarrige, R. Variations in the nitrogen content of individual milks.
Congr. Int. Zootech. 1956.
134. Jepma, J., Bierma, A., Posthmus, G., and Booy, C. J. The protein
content of milk of Red Pied and Black Pied Lowland cows in'
Overijssel. Cattle Imp. Comm. Pub., Dairy Fact., Gelderland,
Overijssel, Netherlands. Undated.
135. Jepma, J., Bierma, A., Posthmus, G. and Booy, C. J. New Dutch
research on milk protein content. Nord. Mejeritidsskr. 25:70. 1959.
136. Johansson, I. Studies on udder evacuation in dairy cows. II. The
amount and composition of the residual milk after normal milkings.
Acta Agr. Scandinavica, 2:82. 1952.
137. Johnson, K. R. Heritability, genetic and phenotypic correlations
of certain constituents of cows' milk. J. Dairy Sci., 40:723. 1957.
138. Johnson, K. R., Fourt, D. L., Hibbs, R. A., and Ross, R. H. Effect
of some environmental factors on the milk fat and solids-not-fat
content of cows' milk. J. Dairy Sci., 44:658. 1961.
139. Johnson, K. R., Ross, R. H., Fourt, D. L., and Hibbs, R. A. Causes
of variation in the solids-not-fat and butterfat content of cows'
milk. Idaho Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. Bull. 34. November 1961.
140. Kahlenberg, 0. I., and Leroy-Voris. The percentage of fat as a
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