• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Front Cover
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Technical Cooperation Network (TCN)...
 TCN on food crops production
 TCN on post-harvest grain...
 TCN on rational use of fuel in...
 TCN on African oil palm
 TCN on tropical fruits process...
 TCN on veterinary research and...
 TCN on alternative sources of energy...
 TCN on agricultural marketing and...
 TCN on food and nutrition surveillance...
 TCN on aquaculture
 TCN on watershed management
 TCN on national parks, other protected...
 TCN on agro-forestry systems
 TCN on dendroenergy
 Subregional Technical Cooperation...
 Caribbean Technical Cooperation...
 Caribbean Network of Cooperation...
 Caribbean Technical Cooperation...
 Caribbean Technical Cooperation...
 Back Matter
 Back Cover














Title: Technical Cooperation Networks System
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Title: Technical Cooperation Networks System
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Publisher: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations
Copyright Date: 1990
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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover 1
        Front Cover 2
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        Title Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents 1
        Table of Contents 2
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Technical Cooperation Network (TCN) on development of low lands subject to flooding
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
    TCN on food crops production
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
    TCN on post-harvest grain technology
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
    TCN on rational use of fuel in agriculture
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
    TCN on African oil palm
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
    TCN on tropical fruits processing
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    TCN on veterinary research and diagnostic laboratories
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
    TCN on alternative sources of energy for fural development
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
    TCN on agricultural marketing and food supply
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
    TCN on food and nutrition surveillance system
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
        Page 67
    TCN on aquaculture
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
    TCN on watershed management
        Page 72
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
    TCN on national parks, other protected areas and wildlife
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
    TCN on agro-forestry systems
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
    TCN on dendroenergy
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
    Subregional Technical Cooperation Network on utilization of natural resources in the semi-arid Chasco region
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
    Caribbean Technical Cooperation Network on agro-industrial development
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
    Caribbean Network of Cooperation in small animal development
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
    Caribbean Technical Cooperation Network in artisanal fisheries and aquaculture
        Page 101
        Page 102
        Page 103
        Page 104
    Caribbean Technical Cooperation Network on upper watershed management
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
    Back Matter
        Page 109
        Page 110
    Back Cover
        Page 111
        Page 112
Full Text





























REGIONAL OFFICE
FOR LATIN AMERICA
AND THE CARIBBEAN


TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORKS SYSTEM


RECO-6/REV.5









RLAC/85/11-RECO-6/REV.5


TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORKS SYSTEM

RECO-6/REV.5










Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Santiago, 1990











INDEX


Page

INTRODUCTION ....................................................... 1

I. Technical Cooperation Network (TCN) on Development of
Low Lands subject to Flooding ................................ 3

II. TCN on Food Crops Production ................................. 8

III. TCN on Post-Harvest Grain Technology ......................... 19

IV. TCN on Rational Use of Fuel in Agriculture ................... 26

V. TCN on African Oil Palm ...................................... 31

VI. TCN on Tropical Fruits Processing ............................ 35

VII. TCN among Veterinary Research and Diagnostic Laboratories .... 39

VIII. TCN on Alternative Sources of Energy for Rural Development ... 47

IX. TCN on Agricultural Marketing and Food Supply ................ 56

X. TCN on Food and Nutrition Surveillance System ................ 63

XI. TCN on Aquaculture ........................................... 68

XII. TCN on Watershed Management .................................. 72

XIII. TCN on National Parks, other Protected Areas and Wildlife .... 78

XIV. TCN on Agro-Forestry Systems ................................. 84

XV. TCN on Dendroenergy .......................................... 88

XVI. Subregional Technical Cooperation Network on Utilization of
Natural Resources in the Semi-Arid Chaco Region .............. 91

XVII. Caribbean Technical Cooperation Network on Agro-Industrial
Development .................................................. 94

XVIII.Caribbean Network of Cooperation in Small Animal Development 97

XIX.Caribbean Technical Cooperation Network in Artisanal
Fisheries and Aquaculture .................................... 101

XX.Caribbean Technical Cooperation Network on Upper Watershed
Management ................................................... 105






















TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORKS SYSTEM


January 1990 -



This document presents a synthesis of basic information on the
Technical Cooperation Networks that integrate the system which has been
developed in Latin America and the Caribbean, under the sponsorship of the
FAO Regional Office.


For each network, a brief summary
activities carried out, either through the
activities that led to its establishment. In
the institutions that participate in them and
national, subregional and regional level.


is presented on the main
network itself or as TCDC
addition, mention is made of
coordinate their work at the


In spite of the efforts that have been made in this 5th Revision of
Document RECO-6, it is possible that the information on associated
institutions, in each country, is incomplete or susceptible to amendments.
To this end, we would like to request the collaboration of the
institutions participating in the System.








- 3 -


I. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON DEVELOPMENT OF LOW LANDS SUBJECT TO
FLOODING


A. Main Activities

1980-81

A round-table was held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, in May 1980, at
which the network was established. The guidelines for the
activities of this Network were:

a) Train the technicians of the national institutions associated to
the Network in the implementation and management of development
programmes in low lands, by means of visits to projects, courses
in training centres and preparation of feasibility studies.

b) Exchange experiences and information through visits of mutual
cooperation.

1982-83

Two study tours to PROVARZEAS (Brazil) which provided training to
23 technicians and producers from seven countries, were organized.

Argentine and Brazilian specialists visited Colombia, Paraguay and
Argentina for the purpose of collaborating in the identification of
projects and providing technical assistance.

As follow-up of this cooperation, a project was drawn up in
Paraguay in the Piribebuy River Valley, Eusebio Ayala District.

A meeting of the network coordinators was organized and the
publication of Technical Notes was initiated.

1984-85

Six specialists from six countries were trained in Brazil.

A third study tour was organized to get familiarized with Brazilian
experiences.

Three countries received technical assistance from the coordinator
and from a specialist.

The project initiated in Paraguay was completed with a feasibility
study, final design and document of specifications. Later, the
project was executed with national and IDB financing.















- In 1985, specialists from five countries received in-service
training at the PROVARZEAS Training Centre (Brazil).

- During the month of January 1985, the Coordinator of this Network
visited Peru, Ecuador and Colombia to identify areas of activities
in which the local authorities are interested and wish to mobilize
cooperation among countries.

- In addition, six directors of national institutions of five
countries visited Brazil to examine experiences in this field.

- In July 1985, the Regional Land and Water Development Officer
visited Peru, Ecuador and Colombia in order to organize the
activities of the Network.

- The publication of the Circular Letter of the Network was
initiated.

1986-87

- From 6 October to 8 November, a training course on management and
implementation of development projects for low lands subject to
flooding for high-level technicians, was carried out in the
PROVARZEAS Training Centre in Ararangua, Brazil. Ten specialists
from 7 countries participated.

- From 6 July to 8 August 1986, an in situ training course on
projects for low lands subject to flooding was organized in
projects that PROVARZEAS is operating or developing in the States
of Santa Catarina and Minas Gerais, Brazil. Technicians and
professionals from Colombia and Peru participated.

From 3 November to 3 December 1986, an in situ training course was
held in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, on various projects
that PROVARZEAS is developing or already operating. This course
was aimed at technicians from Argentina, Chile and Honduras.

The Coordinator of the Network and four technicians of PROVARZEAS
cooperated as instructors at a Round Table on "Main problems that
are affecting the utilization of low lands for rice production",
which was held from 9 to 13 September 1986 in Suriname, for
technicians from Suriname and Guyana.

In 1987, the "First Latin American Journeys on Low Lands" were
organized in collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture of
Brazil, with the participation of representatives from 7 countries,
for the purpose of:.








- 5 -


a) Exchanging experiences of the participating countries in
development of low lands; and

b) Evaluating the technical cooperation among Latin American
countries, within the Network which has promoted several
activities since its establishment in 1980.

Six issues of the Circular Letter of the Network were published.

1988-89

From 17 October to 16 November 1988, a course on Irrigation and
Drainage was held in the PROVARZEAS/Ararangua Training Centre, with
the participation of five countries.

In 1989, the Regional Coordinator of the Network collaborated as
instructor in the Seminar on Irrigation and Drainage held in
Chillan, Chile.

Three specialists from Brazil visited Peru and two visited
Argentina in order to expand and exchange knowledge on development
of low lands.

The development of an experimental area has been initiated for
improvement of the compaction of low lands with cultivation of
rice, by means of other crops. In order to achieve good drainage
for the crops, the special drainage system known as "Sheetpipe" was
used, through a joint activity with Project GCP/RLA/084/JPN
"Prevention of Land Degradation in Agricultural Development
Involving Irrigation and Drainage Schemes in Latin America".

Six issues of the Circular Letter were published.

B. Coordination

Regional Coordination

Program Nacional de Desarrollo de Tierras Bajas
(PROVARZEAS NATIONAL)
Ministerio de Agricultura
Esplanada dos Ministerios, Bloco D, Sala 209
Brasilia, (DF) BRAZIL CEP 70047









- 6 -


- FAO, Responsible Regional Officer


Mr. Matias Prieto-Celi
FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile


- Coordination


Argentina




Brazil





Chile



Colombia



Costa Rica


Ecuador


Guatemala




Honduras


at the National Level


Institute Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria
(INTA)
Rivadavia 1439
1033 Buenos Aires

Program Nacional de Desarrollo de Tierras Bajas
(PROVARZEAS NATIONAL)
Ministerio de Agricultura
Esplanada dos Ministerios, Bloco D, Sala 209
Brasilia

Corporaci6n Nacional Forestal (CONAF)
Av. Bulnes 285
Santiago

Institute Colombiano de Hidrologia, Meteorologia y
Adecuacion de Tierras (HIMAT)
Bogota

Servicio Nacional de Aguas Subterraneas, Riego y
Avenamiento (SENARA)
San Jose

Institute Ecuatoriano de Recursos Hidraulicos
(INERHI)
Quito

Direcci6n General de Servicios Agricolas
(DIGESA)
Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia y Alimentaci6n
Ciudad de Guatemala

Direcci6n de Recursos Hidraulicos
Ministerio de Recursos Naturales
Tegucigalpa









- 7 -


Mexico Instituto Mexicano de Tecnologia del Agua (IMTA)
Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulicos
(SARH)
Ciudad de Mexico

Panama Instituto Nacional de Recursos Naturales
Renovables (INRENARE)
Apartado 2016
Paralso, Correg. de Anc6n
Ciudad de Panama

Paraguay Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia (MAG)
Asunci6n

Peru Direccion General de Aguas, Suelos e Irrigacion
(MINIAGRI)
Lima

Uruguay Direcci6n de Uso y Manejo del Agua
Ministerio de Agricultura
Montevideo









- 8 -


II. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON FOOD CROPS PRODUCTION


A. Main Activities

This Network initiated its activities as the Cooperative Programme
on Food Crops Production, which operated as such between 1982 and 1986.
As from 1 January 1987 and following the interest expressed by the
participating countries during various consultations, this programme was
expanded to include other crops thus becoming the Technical Cooperation
Network on Food Crops Production.

1980-81

A study on the situation of food legumes production in the region was
prepared and discussed at an Expert Consultation where the basis for
the subregional programmes were established.

Studies on the production of food legumes at the country level were
undertaken as well as the organization of subregional programmes in the
Southern Cone, Andean Countries, Central America and the Caribbean.

Several national training courses were organized using the "Learning by
Doing" methodology.

Exchange of genetic resources among countries was initiated.

1982-83

The cooperative programme was structured in five subregions : Southern
Cone; Andean Countries; Central America, Mexico and Panama; English-
Speaking Caribbean Countries and Suriname; Latin Caribbean Countries.

In each subregion a round-table was organized during which the
coordinators were nominated, focal points established and programmes of
activities defined.

Studies were undertaken on: post-harvest losses in food legumes;
culture and utilization of "tarwi"; effects of root diseases on food
legumes; etc.

Three training courses on the production of food legumes at the
regional level and several at the national level, were organized.

A manual on the transfer of technology based on the "learning by
doing" methodology was prepared, and was published in Spanish and
English.









- 9 -


- The exchange of technicians within each subregion and among subregions
continued being promoted.

- Several publications were prepared and distributed (a total of 18).

- A workshop on tissue culture was held in Barbados.

1984-85

- A regional training course on production and use of innoculants was
organized in Uruguay, with the participation of 26 technicians from ten
countries.

- A subregional course was organized in the Dominican Republic on
biological nitrogen fixation.

- Four regional courses were organized on the transfer of technology for
producers and extensionists, based on the methodology of "learning by
doing".

- A second round-table of the Southern Cone was held in Montevideo.

- Three meetings of specialists on food legumes were held in Argentina,
Colombia and Costa Rica.

- Eighteen technicians from different countries participated in a study
tour to Brazil, Chile and Mexico.

- An international training course on sanitary analysis of seeds was
carried out at the Biological Institute of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

- Project TCP/RLA/4404 "Pigeon Pea Development", in Antigua and Barbuda
with extension to the English-speaking countries of the Caribbean and
Suriname, was approved.

In 1985, three round-tables of national coordinators were held in the
following subregions: Southern Cone; Andean Countries; Central America,
Mexico and Panama.

Also in 1985, under the subregional programme of the Southern Cone, a
training course on research for bean production and two national
"Learning by Doing" courses on beans were organized. Likewise, three
study tours to Argentina and Brazil were carried out by technicians
from Argentina, Chile, Paraguay and Uruguay.

Under the subregional programme for the Andean Countries, four
technicians from Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru, carried out
exchange trips to different countries.








- 10 -


- Under the subregional programme for Central America, Mexico and Panama,
two "Learning by Doing" courses on beans were held in Costa Rica and
Nicaragua, and one course on micropropagation and tissue culture was
held in Mexico.

- Under the subregional programme for the Latin Caribbean countries, a
subregional course on roots and tubers was held in the Dominican
Republic and two "Learning by Doing" national courses on beans were
organized; various exchange trips were also carried out.

- Under the subregional programme for the English-speaking Caribbean
countries and Suriname, a subregional workshop on the pigeon pea pod
borer was held with the support of TCP/RLA/4404, and various exchange
trips were carried out.

- The publication of the Circular Letter of the Network was initiated.

1986-87

- Under the subregional programme for the Southern Cone countries, 5
technicians from three countries carried out exchange visits on
research and production of beans, lentils and chickpeas, to three other
countries. One Argentine technician participated in a training course
on research and production of cowpea in Brazil. In addition, a
national "Learning-by-Doing" course on lentils for extension
technicians and farmers was carried out in Chile.

- Under the subregional programme for the Andean countries, seven
technicians from five countries carried out exchange visits on research
and production of peas, broad beans, beans and "haba pallar" to four
other countries. In addition, a "Learning-by-Doing" course on beans,
for farmers and extensionists, was held in Peru.

- Under the subregional programme for Central America, Mexico and Panama,
9 technicians from this subregion carried out a study tour on beans to
Mexico.

- Under the subregional programme for the English-speaking Caribbean
Countries and Suriname, technicians from two countries received
training on roots and tubers in the University of Puerto Rico, and 1
technician from Dominican Republic effected an exchange trip on pigeon
pea to Antigua.

- With the support of TCP/RLA/4404, several coordination and exchange
visits were carried out in the Caribbean region, as well as the
training of two technicians from Antigua and Barbuda and Barbados in
ICRISAT, India, on improvement and entomology in pigeon pea production.
In addition, work continued on the development of the three programmes









- 11 -


of this project, namely: subregional trials of selected pigeon pea
cultivars, collection and evaluation of pigeon pea germplasm and
evaluation of the damages caused by pod borers in pigeon pea
production.

- In order to examine the basis for expanding the Cooperative Programme
on Food Legumes Production to other crops, 23 countries were visited
and a systematic survey was carried out covering both national
coordinations as well as other institutions related to research,
extension and production of food crops. The background gathered was
evaluated and presented at a round-table attended by subregional and
national coordinators of the Cooperative Programme. This same meeting
proposed the basis for organizing the Technical Cooperation Network on
Food Crops Production, which commenced its activities in January 1987.

- In 1987, training activities were organized on research and production
of beans, carried out in Brazil with participants from 5 countries; and
on research and production of vegetables, in Brazil, with participants
from 10 countries. In addition, three national courses on bean
production were held using the "learning by doing" methodology.

- The first Regional Trial of Tomato Cultivars for Fresh Market was
initiated with the participation of 22 countries, in 68 localities.
The trial included cultivars supplied by horticultural research
programmes of the Region, international centres, universities and
private companies.

- A varietal trial of pigeon pea for semi-arid zones was implemented in
18 countries, starting from genetic resources being developed by
project TCP/RLA/6769 "Pigeon Pea Development Phase II".

- Project TCP/RLA/6768 on "Yam and Cassava Development" was approved,
with headquarters in Trinidad and Tobago and extensive to the English-
speaking Caribbean countries and Suriname. With its support, various
research activities were carried out, as well as in vitro propagation,
exchange of germplasm and training in tropical roots and tubers.

- Within the same TCP/RLA/6768 and in complementation with CIAT and IPC,
a training video was edited on micropropagation of tropical roots and
tubers for the English-speaking Caribbean countries, which was
translated into Spanish in view of its interest.

- Eight publications and 5 issues of the Circular Letter were prepared
and distributed.

- Four specialized bibliographies were prepared on root and tuber crops
and tomatoes.








- 12 -


- Project TCP/RLA/6769 "Pigeon Pea Development Phase II" was completed.
Its activities included a regional trial of pigeon pea varieties, an
evaluation of the biological control of the pigeon pea pod borer, and a
course on pigeon pea production and research. This was held in
Trinidad and Tobago, with the participation of experts from 12
countries.

1988-89

- In 1988, training activities were organized on: research and production
of tropical roots and tubers, in Cuba, with the participation of 10
countries; application of new technologies for agricultural development
in semi-arid zones, in Brazil, with the participation of 7 countries;
and research and production of vegetable seeds, in Chile, with the
participation of 8 countries.

- The distribution of in vitro germplasm of cultivated garlic clones to
16 national vegetables programmes in 9 countries, was implemented.

- The results of 24 tests of the Regional Trial of Tomato Cultivars were
collected and analyzed. A complete report on the results was prepared
for distribution.

- Within Project TCP/RLA/6768 "Yam and Cassava Development", a tissue
culture laboratory was implemented for the Ministry of Food Production
of Trinidad and Tobago, as well as the Tissue Culture Laboratories of
CARDI in Barbados and Dominica.

- The Network also collaborated in the organization of a training
workshop on technologies for agricultural development of semi-arid
zones, with emphasis on a multidisciplinary approach, which was held in
Mexico.

- A technical document on bean physiology and tolerance to water deficit
was prepared and will be printed and distributed to the national legume
programmes which are members of the Network.

In 1989, a training course was held on production of tropical roots and
tubers for the English-speaking Caribbean countries, with the
participation of 11 countries (TCP/RLA/6768).

An exchange of yautia germplasm was initiated to evaluate promising
cultivars of this crop in the Caribbean and Central America. Eight
countries participate.

An exchange of cucurbitaceae germplasm was prepared in order to share
genetic resources, generated by national programmes, of a vegetable of
massive popular consumption and high nutritional value. Fourteen
countries participate.









- 13 -


An exchange of pea germplasm was initiated, to share genetic resources
generated by national programmes. Nine countries participate.

A survey was carried out on plant biotechnology in 159 laboratories of
14 countries. Its results were preliminary discussed at a meeting held
in Brazil with the participation of 22 experts from 8 countries.

A round table was held to exchange appropriate technologies for the
production of underexploited Andean crops, with the participation of
technicians from 6 countries.

Preparation of documents on: yield and tolerance to stress of beans;
production of horticultural seeds; and production of sorghum.

Publication of the manual on production of tomatoes and six issues of
the Circular Letter.

B. Coordination

Coordination at the Subregional Level

Southern Cone:

Institute de Investigaciones Agropecuarias
(INIA)
Fidel Oteiza 1956 Piso 12
Casilla 439-3
Santiago, CHILE

Andean Countries:

Institute Nacional de Investigaciones
Agropecuarias (INIAP)
Avda. Eloy Alfaro y Amazonas
Edificio del MAG Piso 4
Casilla 2600
Quito, ECUADOR

Central America, Mexico,
Panama and Latin Caribbean:

Secretaria de Recursos Naturales
Danli, El Paralso
HONDURAS









- 14 -


English-Speaking Caribbean
Countries and Suriname:

Production and Extension Division
Ministry of Agriculture
Hope Gardens
P.O. Box 480
Kingston 6, JAMAICA

FAO, Responsible Regional Officer

Mr. Juan Izquierdo
FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile

Coordination at the National Level


Southern Cone:


Argentina Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia
Agropecuaria (INTA)
Rivadavia 1439
1033 Buenos Aires

Brazil Asesoria de Cooperaci6n Internacional
(ACI)
Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropeouaria
(EMBRAPA)
Venancio 2000-Q08-Bloco B N! 50
92 Andar Sala 905
70353 Brasilia D.F.

Chile Instituto de Investigaciones Agropeouarias
(INIA)
Fidel Oteiza 1956 Piso 12
Casilla 439-3
Santiago

Paraguay Direcci6n de Investigaci6n y Extensi6n
Agropecuaria y Forestal (DIEAF)
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
Pte. Franco 479
Casilla de Correo 825
Asuncion









- 15 -


Subdireccion General
Ministerio de Agricultura y Pesca
Calle Constituyente 1476
Montevideo

Direcci6n de Programacion y Politica
Agropecuaria (DIPYPA)
Montevideo


Andean Countries:


Institute Boliviano de Tecnologia
Agropecuaria (IBTA)
Av. Camacho 1471, Piso 5,Cajon Postal 5783
La Paz

Division Cultivos Multiples
Institute Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA)
Apartado Aereo 151123, El Dorado
Bogota

Institute Nacional de Investigaciones
Agropecuarias, (INIAP)
Av. Eloy Alfaro y Amazonas
Edificio del MAG Piso 4
Quito

Universidad Agraria La Molina, (UNA)
Apartado 456
Lima


Venezuela


Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones
Agropecuarias (FONAIAP/CENIAP)
Apartado Postal 4653
Maracay 2101


Central America, Mexico,
Panama and Latin Caribbean:


Costa Rica


Direccion General de Investigacion
y Extension Agricola
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
Apartado 10094
San Jose


Uruguay


Bolivia




Colombia




Ecuador


Peru









- 16 -


Cuba


Dominican
Republic


El Salvador


Direccion de Cultivos Varios
Ministerio de la Agricultura
Av. Independencia Conil y Sta. Ana
Plaza de la Revolucion Cubana
La Habana


Subsecretaria
Secretaria de
Santo Domingo


de Producci6n
Estado de Agricultura
D.N.


Centro de Tecnologia Agricola
(CENTA)
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
Apartado Postal 885
San Salvador


Institute de Ciencia
Agricola (ICTA)
Ciudad de Guatemala


y Tecnologia


Haiti Centre de Recherche et de Documentation
Agricoles
Faculty d'Agronomie et de Medicine
Veterinaire (FAMV)
University d'Etat d'Haiti
Damien
Port-au-Prince


Honduras


Mexico


Nicaragua


Panama


Secretaria de Recursos Naturales
Danli, El Paraiso

Institute Nacional de Investigaciones
Forestales y Agropecuarias (INIFAP)
Insurgentes Sur 694 91 piso
Col. del Valle
03100 Mexico D.F.

Direcci6n de Semillas
Direccion General de Tecnologia
(DGTA/MIDINRA)
Km. 12 Carretera Norte
Managua

Direcci6n de Investigaciones Agricolas
Institute de Investigaciones Agropecuarias
Panama (IDIAP)
Apartado 6-4391
El Dorado


Guatemala









- 17 -


English-Speaking Caribbean
Countries and Suriname:


Antigua and
Barbuda



Bahamas



Barbados



Dominica




Grenada



Guyana



Jamaica


Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries,
Lands and Housing
Long Street
Saint John's

Ministry of Agriculture, Trade and Industry
P.O. Box N-3028
Nassau

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries
P.O. Box 503
Bridgetown

Ministry of Agriculture, Industry,
Tourism and Trade
Government Headquarters
Roseau

Mirabeau Agricultural Station
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
St. George's

Ministry of Agriculture
P.O. Box 1001
Georgetown

Production and Extension Division
Ministry of Agriculture
Hope Gardens
P.O. Box 480
Kingston 6


Saint Christopher Ministry of Agriculture, Lands,
and Nevis Housing and Development
P.O. Box 186
Basseterre,

Saint Lucia Ministry of Agriculture, Lands,
Fisheries and Cooperatives
Castries










- 18 -


St. Vincent and
the Grenadines


Suriname




Trinidad
and Tobago


Research Division
Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Labour
Kingstown

Ministry of Agriculture, Animal
Husbandry and Fisheries
P.O. Box 1807
Paramaribo

Ministry of Food Production and
Marine Exploitation
Saint Clair Circle
Centeno PO Arima









- 19 -


III. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON POST-HARVEST GRAIN TECHNOLOGY


A. Main Activities

1982-83

Prior to the formation of the Technical Cooperation Network, the
Latin American Association on Post-Harvest Grain Technology
(ALAGRAN) was established at a round-table organized in Brazil
under the auspices of FAO. Institutions from 18 countries
participated in the round-table.

During this same biennium, the organization of ALAGRAN was
strengthened by supporting the trips of the President of the
Association to different countries and through a consultant.

A publication in Spanish called "Poscosecha" was edited in
CENTREINAR, Brazil, for the purpose of activating the exchange of
information.

1984-85

Support to ALAGRAN, particularly in the constitution of national
associations was continued.

At a second round-table carried out in Brazil with the
participation of 18 countries, it was agreed to establish the
Technical Cooperation Network.

Six pamphlets on grain harvest, grading and quality factors,
storage, pests and their control, were published.

A national workshop on the use of business administration
techniques in post harvest grain management was carried out in
Chile.

The publication of "Poscosecha" with the collaboration of
CENTREINAR was continued.

In 1985, as a follow-up to the 1984 round-table, national workshops
in seven countries and training courses in two countries were
carried out. Several study tours were organized.

Two round-tables one on bean storage problems, in Costa Rica and
the other on storage and conservation of roots and tubers in Puerto
Rico, were held.









- 20 -


- A meeting of directors of institutions carrying out research in
post-harvest of grains was held in Colombia.

- A video on grain losses before, during and after harvest, was
prepared.

- The publication of the Network Circular Letter was initiated.

1986-87

- As a result of the support provided to ALAGRAN, National Post-
Harvest Grain Technology Associations have been constituted in
Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Honduras, Mexico and Uruguay.

- In order to elaborate an outline on the problems of grain storage
institutions a meeting of their directors of operation was
organized in Brazil, with the support of CENTREINAR and CIBRAZEM,
and the participation of 10 countries.

- The 3rd Latin American Round-table on Prevention of Post-Harvest
Grain Losses was held in Colombia with the support of ACOGRANOS,
and was attended by institutions from 21 countries.

- Within a TCDC framework, Brazilian technicians provided technical
assistance to Uruguay, Mexican technicians to Guatemala, Costa Rica
technicians to Nicaragua and Chilean technicians to Brazil.

- As support to the dissemination of knowledge, member institutions
issued several publications on grains post-harvest.

- The Network Circular Letter was consolidated as a mechanism for
periodical information on present and future activities of the
Network, with the publication of 4 issues.

- In 1987, a Latin American meeting was held in Mexico on storage and
conservation of basic grains, and on operational problems in
management and storage of rice and maize, with participants from 15
countries.

- A workshop on grain quality control was held in Colombia, with
participants from 10 countries.

- Various training and technical assistance activities were organized
within a TCDC framework, which involved 6 countries, covering the
following subjects: identification and control of insects that
damage stored grains, and improved system of grain storage for
small farmers.









- 21 -


- The Network's member institutions carried out 17 round-tables,
seminars, workshops and meetings to deal with various matters of
post-harvest technology and imparted over 20 courses on the
subject.

1988-89

- In Brazil, the Brazilian Association of Post-Harvest of Grains
(ABRAPOS) was established and in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, the
Departamental Network on Post-Harvest Technology. In Mexico, the
Research Unit on Grains and Seeds was organized.

- In support of grain storage institutions, two theoretical-practical
courses were imparted on management and conservation of grains, one
in Bolivia and another in Peru. Technicians from Argentina,
Colombia, Costa Rica and Mexico acted as instructors.

- With the participation of 11 countries, a Round Table was held in
Mexico on Technical Cooperation, Training and Transfer of
Technology on Post-Harvest of Grains, to analyze progress achieved
in these activities and to propose follow-up actions.

- The Network member institutions continue promoting the holding of
courses on post-harvest technology. In 1988, nine courses were
held. Argentina established a course using the Distance Training
method.

- Publications continue, with eight issues of the periodical
"Poscosecha" and various technical booklets.

- In 1989, a workshop was held in Costa Rica to exchange experiences
and knowledge on grain post-harvest technologies adapted to the
small farmer level, with the participation of technicians from 10
countries.

- Likewise, a workshop was organized to exchange experiences and
knowledge on reductions and provisional management of grains, which
was held in Colombia, with the participation of technicians from
eight countries.

- A regional round table was held in Mexico on post-harvest losses,
with the participation of technicians from 17 countries.

- The Network's Regional Coordinator visited Colombia, Ecuador,
Guatemala and Peru.









- 22 -


Mexico provided technical assistance to Guatemala, in the
determination of grain humidity and in operation of grain driers.

Mexico provided technical assistance to Honduras, in maintenance of
platform scales for reception of grains and humidity meters.

Mexico provided technical assistance to Ecuador, in organization of
storage and distribution of commodities at peasant level.

SA workshop on identification of promising techniques in processing
and storage of tropical fruits was held in Honduras, with the
participation of eight countries. A joint activity with the TCN on
Tropical Fruits Processing (TCP/RLA/8960).

Establishment of national networks in Ecuador and Mexico.

Publication of four issues of the Circular Letter and a manual for
the improvement of post-harvest management of fruits and
vegetables.


B. Coordination

Regional Coordination

Compaila Nacional de Subsistencias Populares
(CONASUPO)
Direcci6n de Operaciones
Avda. Insurgentes Sur 489 piso 9
Col. Hip6dromo Condesa
Delegacion Cuauhtemoc
06140 Mexico, D.F.
MEXICO

FAO, Responsible Regional Officer

Mr. Ciro Arias
FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile









- 23 -


- Coordination at the National Level


Argentina




Bolivia




Brazil




Chile




Colombia




Costa Rica


Cuba


Dominican
Republic



Ecuador


Institute Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria
(INTA)
Alsina 1407
1088 Buenos Aires

Centro de Investigaci6n Agricola Tropical
(CIAT)
Av. Ejercito Nacional 131
Santa Cruz

Centro Nacional de Treinamento em
Armazenagem (CENTREINAR)
Campus U.F.V. Caixa Postal 270
36-570 Vigosa Minas Gerais

Institute de Investigaciones Agropecuarias
(INIA)
Fidel Oteiza 1856
Santiago

Institute de Mercadeo Agropecuario (IDEMA)
Carrera 10 N* 16 82
Apartado Aereo 4534
Bogota

Centro para Investigaciones en Granos y
Semillas (CIGRAS)
Universidad de Costa Rica
San Jose

Institute de Investigaciones de la
Industrial Alimentaria
La Habana

Departamento de Economia Agropecuaria
Secretaria de Estado de Agricultura (SEA)
Plaza Independencia
Santo Domingo

Empresa Nacional de Almacenamiento y
Comercializacion (ENAC)
Av. Eloy Alfaro y Amazonas
Edificio del MAG Piso 2
Casilla de Correo 3325
Quito








- 24 -


El Salvador






Guatemala


Secci6n Especializada de Granos y Semillas
(SEGRAS/CENTA)
Km. 33 1/2 Carretera a Santa Ana
Apartado 885
Departamento de la Libertad
San Salvador

Unidad Coordinadora de Postcosecha
(DIGESA)
La Aurora, 7a Avenida 3-67 Zona 13
Ciudad de Guatemala


Proyecto MRN/COSUDE
Direcci6n Nacional de
Apartado 459
Tegucigalpa


Agriculture, MRN


Compania Nacional de Subsistencias
(CONASUPO)
Direcci6n de Operaciones
Avda. Insurgentes Sur 489 piso 9
Col. Hip6dromo Condesa
Delegaci6n Cuauhtemoc
06140 Mexico D.F.


Populares


Nicaragua





Panama



Paraguay





Peru


Empresa Nacional de Abastecimiento
(ENABAS)
Carretera Norte
Apartado 1041
Managua

Institute de Mercadeo Agropecuario (IMA)
Apartado 5638
Ciudad de Panama 2

Direcci6n de Comercializaci6n y Economia
Agropecuaria, Ministerio de Agricultura y
Ganaderia
President Franco y Alberdi
Asunci6n

Empresa Nacional de Comercializaci6n de
Insumos (ENCI)
Camino Real N 111
Casilla 1834
San Isidro
Lima


Honduras




Mexico




















Uruguay



Venezuela


25 -




Empresa Comercializadora del Arroz S.A.
(ECASA)
Los Laureles 214, San Isidro
Lima 27

Direcci6n de Sanidad Vegetal (MAP)
Av. Millan 4703
Montevideo

Almacenes y Dep6sito Agropecuarios,
C.A. (ADAGRO)
Edificio Nuevo Centro, Piso 5 Of. B
Av. Libertador
Caracas









- 26 -


IV. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON RATIONAL USE OF FUEL IN AGRICULTURE


A. Main Activities

Since its constitution in 1983 until December 1986, this Network
operated under the name of Technical Cooperation Network on
Conservation of Energy. As from 1 January 1987, upon the request of
several member institutions its name has been changed to Technical
Cooperation Network on Rational Use of Fuel in Agriculture, with the
purpose of better reflecting its specific objectives which have been
taking shape during its operation in the last years.

1983

The constitution of this network was agreed upon at a round-table
held in Argentina (December 1983) in which eight countries
participated.

1984-85

Five Brazilian technicians visited INTA, Argentina, and three
Argentine experts visited Brazil.

Two experts from Brazil and one from Argentina visited Uruguay and
Chile.

In 1985, an international training course and a national seminar
were held in Chile, with the collaboration of Argentine
instructors.

A course on agricultural mechanization for extensionists was held
in INTA, Argentina, with the participation of 22 technicians from 6
countries.

The network participated in the seminar on minimum tillage of the
Network on Utilization of Natural Resources in the Semi-Arid Chaco
Region.

Also in 1985, eight technicians from six countries received in-
service training, in Argentina, on mechanization with emphasis on
rational use of fuel.

An Argentine specialist provided technical advice on agricultural
mechanization to the University of Concepcion, Chile.

The publication of the Network Circular Letter was initiated in
1985.








- 27 -


1986-87

- A round-table on criteria and standards for trials of agricultural
machinery and implements was organized in Montevideo, Uruguay, with
the participation of technicians from 6 countries. A document on
trials of agricultural machinery was prepared for this meeting.

A second training course on agricultural mechanization for
extensionists was organized in INTA, Argentina, with the
participation of twenty-one technicians from 7 countries.

A manual for agricultural producers, entitled "%Que tractor elegir?
Parametros de comparacion para tractores agricolas engomados". This
was the first in a series on subjects related to the rational use
of fuel. A manual for farmers was published as the second number
in this series, entitled "Segadoras Descripci6n y Utilidad".

- The preparation of video-cassettes on management and operation of
farm tractors and seed drills was initiated.

- Three technicians, from Chile, Peru and Uruguay, visited the
"Centro Nacional de Ingenieria Agricola" (CENEA) in Brazil. They
visited later the Rural Engineering Department of the Research
Centre of INTA, Argentina, for the purpose of exchanging opinions
on the establishment of such centres for trials, and on the
operation and management of their facilities.

- In 1987, a third training course on agricultural mechanization for
extensionists was organized in INTA, Argentina, with the
participation of 19 technicians from seven network member
countries.

- The preparation of four video cassettes on subjects related to the
rational use of fuel in agriculture was completed.

- The N 3 of the series of manuals for producers titled "Maquinas
Sembradoras de Grano Grueso" was published.

- Six issues of the Network Circular Letter were published.

1988-89

- A fourth training course on agricultural mechanization for
extensionists was carried out in collaboration with INTA,
Argentina, with the participation of 20 technicians from 5
countries.








- 28 -


Numbers 4 and 5 of the series of manuals for producers were
published with the titles "Arado de Rejas de Traccion Libre.
Pautas de Eleccion y Metodologia de Enganche de Campo" and
"Selecci6n y Dimensionamiento de la Maquinaria Agricola en Funci6n
de la Potencia o Condiciones de Trabajo".

In 1989, the fifth Latin American Course on Farm Mechanization for
Extensionists on selection and use of farm machinery was organized
jointly with INTA, Argentina. Technicians from 8 countries
participated in the course, which lasted one month.

An engineer from the "Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina" of
Peru, visited the INTA Research Centre in Castelar, Argentina, to
discuss standards and criteria for trials of farm machinery and the
instruments that are used for the purpose.

The Regional Coordinator of the Network visited Ecuador to learn
about the National Farm Mechanization Programme.

Three INTA technicians participated as instructors in a course on
farm machinery at the "Centro de Mecanizaci6n Agricola" (CEMA) of
Paraguay.

Publication of N* 6 of the series of manuals for producers, titled
"Fertilizadoras Centrifugas: La Importancia de la Correcta
Elecci6n, Uso y Mantenimiento".

Six issues of the Circular Letter were published.


B Coordination

Regional Coordination:

Departamento de Ingenieria Rural
Institute Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria
(INTA)
Casilla de Correo 25
1712 Castelar
Provincia de Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA

FAO, Responsible Regional Officer

Mr. Matias Prieto-Celi
FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile









- 29 -


- Coordination


at the National Level


Argentina





Bolivia




Brazil




Chile




Guatemala


Honduras



Mexico


Nicaragua



Paraguay


Departamento de Ingenieria Rural
Institute Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria
(INTA)
1712 Castelar
Provincia de Buenos Aires

Institute Boliviano de Tecnologia Agropecuaria
(IBTA)
Ministerio de Asuntos Campesinos y Agropecuarios
La Paz

Centro Nacional de Engenharia Agricola (CENEA)
Caixa Postal 568
CEP 18100 Sorocaba
Sao Paulo

Depto. de Ingenieria Agricola
Universidad de Concepcion
Casilla de Correo 537
Chillan

Institute de Ciencia y Tecnologia Agricola
(ICTA)
Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia y Alimentaci6n
Ciudad de Guatemala

Proyecto de Mecanizaci6n Agricola
Ministerio de Recursos Naturales
Tegucigalpa

Institute de Investigaciones Forestales y
Agropecuarias (INIFAP)
Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulicos
Apartado 6-882 y 6-883
Ciudad de Mexico


Direcci6n General de Ingenieria y
Fomento Agropecuario
Managua

Centro de Mecanizaci6n Agricola
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
Asuncion









30 -




Peru Facultad de Ingenieria Agricola
Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina
Apartado 456, La Molina
Lima

Uruguay Facultad de Agronomia
Universidad de la Repiblica
Av. Garz6n 780
Montevideo

Venezuela Ministerio de Energia y Minas
Caracas









- 31 -


V. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON AFRICAN OIL PALM


A. Main Activities

1980-81

The network was established at a round-table held in Peru in which
representatives from 12 countries participated.

One Brazilian expert and two who are working in Africa provided
assistance to Peru. Also, a Brazilian and one Peruvian specialist
visited Costa Rica.

1982-83

A second round-table was held in Honduras focussing on subjects
defined at the first meeting and on which two consultants presented
a document each.

Brazilian technicians provided technical assistance on the use of
fuels of vegetal origin, in Costa Rica and Honduras.

Technicians from Costa Rica visited Honduras to analyse cooperative
organization of oil palm production.

A British consultant provided assistance in the region on
processing of oil palm in small and medium-sized industries.

1984-85

A third round-table was held in Brazil on the processing of oil
palm in small and medium-sized industries, a subject identified at
the second round-table.

Advice was provided in the construction of equipment for extraction
of oil palm for small industries.

In 1985, four exchange trips were organized between Brazil,
Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Panama and Peru.

The publication of the Network Circular Letter was initiated and
the proceedings of the third round-table were edited.









- 32 -


1986-87

The fourth round-table of the Network was organized, in Colombia,
focussing on the role of oil palm in the population's food and
nutrition, especially in tropical zones. Experts from 10 countries
participated.

A document was prepared on extraction and processing of oil palm in
small-scale plants.

In 1987, two national seminars were held in Costa Rica and
Honduras, respectively, on small-scale processing of oil palm and
identification of export strategies.

1988-89

The fifth round table of the Network was held in Ecuador. The main
subject was the role of palm oil in Latin American nutrition.
Twelve countries participated.

In 1989, a regional workshop was held in Honduras for exchange and
training of development models for the palm industry, with the
participation of experts from 6 countries (TCP/RLA/8960).

Production of a video on the role of African oil palm in the
agricultural development of Latin America and the Caribbean.

Publication of 3 issues of the Circular Letter and the Proceedings
of the V Round Table held in Ecuador.


B. Coordination

Regional Coordination

Federacion Nacional de Productores de
Palma Aceitera, FEDEPALMA
Carrera 9 N" 71-42, Of. 501
Bogota, COLOMBIA

FAO, Responsible Regional Officer

FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile









- 33 -


- Coordination


at the National Level


Coordinadoria de Agroenergia
Ministerio de Agricultura
Esplanada dos Ministerios
Brasilia, CEP 700432


Colombia




Costa Rica



Ecuador





Guatemala


Honduras



Mexico


Nicaragua



Panama


FederHci6n Nacional de Productores de Palma
FEDEPALMA
Carrera 9 N* 71-42 Of. 501
Bogota

Institute de Desarrollo Agrario (IDA)
Caja Postal 5054
San Jose

Institute Nacional de Investigaciones
Agropecuarias (INIAP)
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
Av. Eloy Alfaro y Amazonas
Quito

Institute de Ciencia y Tecnologia Agricola
(ICTA)
Ciudad de Guatemala

Institute Nacional Agrario (INA)
Colonia Alameda
Tegucigalpa

Direcci6n General de Desarrollo Agroindustrial
Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulicos
(SARH)
Ciudad de Mexico

Direcci6n General de Tecnologia Agricola
(MIDINRA)
Managua

Ministerio de Desarrollo Agropecuario
(MIDA)
Apartado 926
David, Chiriqui


Brazil









34 -




Instituto Nacional de Investigaci6n Agraria
Agroindustrial (INIAA)
Ministerio de Agricultura
Avda. La Universidad 595
La Molina, Lima

Fondo para el Desarrollo del Coco, de la Copra y
de la Palma Africana (FONCOPAL)
Caracas


Peru


Venezuela








- 35 -


VI. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON TROPICAL FRUITS PROCESSING


A. Main Activities

1980-81

A round-table was held in Costa Rica in 1981 with the participation
of representatives from nine countries where the Network was
established.

1982-83

Mexican technicians visited Ecuador and Peru, and Peruvian
specialists visited Costa Rica.

1984-85

A second round-table was held in Colombia in February, 1985, with
the participation of representatives from thirteen countries.

Exchange for promoting small and medium agroindustries was
organized among Costa Rica, Ecuador and Peru.

The publication of the Network Circular Letter was initiated.

1986-87

The proceedings of the second round-table of the network were
edited and published in a valuable text of 325 pages.

A workshop on transfer of technology in food processing was
organized in Lima, with the participation of experts from 8
countries.

A document on food processing technologies was prepared.

In February 1987, a seminar on applied technology for tropical
fruit exports, was organized in Colombia with participants from 7
countries.

1988-89

The Network collaborated in a Latin American Round-Table on
Management, Post-Harvest and Exports Development of Fruits and
Vegetables, held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, with the participation
of 8 countries: Germany, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Chile,
Ecuador, Mexico and Peru.









- 36 -


A document of 262 pages, on the subject dealt with at the seminar
held in Colombia in 1987, was prepared and distributed. This
document resulted of great interest for countries which are
promoting their exports of tropical fruit.

In 1989, the Third Round Table of the Network was held in Colombia.
The main subject was progress and experiences in management and
processing techniques of fruits and vegetables for export.

Jointly with the Network on Post-Harvest Grain Technology, a
Workshop was held to identify techniques for management and
processing of tropical fruits in Honduras, with the participation
of experts from 8 countries (TCP/RLA/8960).

Publication of three issues of the Circular Letter.


B. Coordination

Regional Coordination

Gerencia Desarrollo y Diversificaci6n de
Zonas Cafeteras
Federaci6n Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia
FEDERACAFE
Apartado Aereo 3938
Bogota, Colombia

FAO, Responsible Regional Officer

FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile

Coordination at the National Level

Bolivia Corporaci6n Regional de Desarrollo de
Santa Cruz (CORDECRUZ)
Casilla Postal 218
Santa Cruz de la Sierra

Brazil Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisas Agropecuarias
(EMBRAPA)
Ministerio de Agricultura
Brasilia








- 37 -


Colombia Gerencia Desarrollo y Diversificaci6n
de Zonas Cafeteras
Federacion Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia
(FEDERACAFE)
Apartado Aereo 3938
Bogota

Chile Secretaria Regional I Region
Ministerio de Agricultura
Arica


Costa Rica





Ecuador



Honduras


Mexico


Nicaragua




Panama


Centro de Investigaciones en Tecnologia de
Alimentos (CITA)
Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica
Ciudad Universitaria Rodrigo Facio
San Jose

Escuela Politecnica Nacional
Casilla 453-A
Quito

Proyecto de Diversificacion Agricola
(PRODIVERSA)
Secretaria de Recursos Naturales
Apartado 309
Tegucigalpa

Direccion General de Desarrollo Agroindustrial
Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulicos
Ciudad de Mexico

Institute Mexicano de Tecnologia
de Alimentos (IMITAC)
Calzada Legaria 694
Ciudad de Mexico

Empresa Agroindustrial Claudia Chamorro
(IFRUGALASA)
MIDINRA
Managua

Ministerio de Desarrollo Agropecuario
(MIDA)
Ciudad de Panama









38 -




Instituto Nacional de Investigaci6n Agraria y
Agroindustrial (INIAA)
Ministerio de Agricultura
Lima

Centro de Investigaciones para el Estado de la
Producci6n Agroindustrial (CIEPE)
Av. Andres Bello, Edif. Centro Andres Bello
Caracas


Peru


Venezuela








- 39 -


VII. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK AMONG VETERINARY RESEARCH AND
DIAGNOSTIC LABORATORIES (*)


A. Main Activities

1982-83

The network was established at a round-table convened specially for
this purpose in Uruguay. The directors of the participating
laboratories agreed to concentrate the efforts of the network on
three problem areas: Aujeszky's disease, tick-borne diseases and
the neonatal diarrhoeic complex.

It was agreed that the institutions that had these problem areas as
a national priority should act as coordinators. This resulted in
the following distribution of coordinators, by programme:
"Laboratorio Nacional de Referencia Animal", LANARA of Brazil,
Aujeszky's disease; "Centro de Investigaciones Veterinarias", CIVET
"Miguel C. Rubino" of Uruguay, tick-borne diseases; and "Centro de
Investigaciones en Ciencias Veterinarias del Instituto Nacional de
Tecnologia Agropecuaria", CICV INTA of Argentina, the neonatal
diarrhoeic complex. Considering that most of the laboratories
working in Aujeszky's disease also work in other swine diseases
caused by viruses, it was decided in 1987 to extend the Programme
to Viral Diseases of Swine. Likewise, the Programme on Diarrhoeic
Complex was expanded to Viral Diseases of Bovines, as from 1989.

1984-85

Training material on the collection and dispatch of pathological
specimens was published.

A TCP project was prepared to support an active exchange within the
network.

In 1985, three round tables convened by the coordinators of the
three programmes were held with the participating laboratories.
Workplans for each programme were agreed upon.






(*) Upon request of several member institutions, in the period 1986-87 it
has been decided to include in this network not only diagnostic
laboratories but also veterinary research laboratories. This has been
reflected in the name of the network.









- 40 -


- A bibliographic review on Neonatal Diarrhoeas and Hemoparasites was
prepared and distributed.

- A draft of a manual on techniques for the identification of
infectious agents associated to Neonatal Diarrhoeas, was
distributed for comments.

- A consultant provided assistance to the Neonatal Diarrhoeas
Programme on the transfer of seroneutralization techniques for
rotavirus.

- The publication of the Network Circular Letter was initiated.

1986-87

- The Manual of Techniques for the Identification of Infectious
Agents of Bovine Neonatal Diarrhoeas was published.

- Round-tables were held by laboratories participating in the
neonatal diarrhoeas and hemoparasites programmes.

- The bibliographic review on neonatal diarrhoeas and hemoparasites
was continued.

- A kit for Rotavirus diagnosis by means of the ELISA techniques was
prepared and distributed.

- The participating laboratories were provided with standardized
reference strains of Babesia bigemina, Babesia bovis and Anaplasma
sp.

- The directory of professionals of the hemoparasites programme was
completed and a questionnaire was distributed in order to gather
the necessary information to prepare the directory of professionals
of the neonatal diarrhoeas programme.

- In 1987, round-tables of the three programmes were held and an
active exchange of technicians was organized for the purpose of
training and assistance within a TCDC framework.

- The organization of the reference services of the Network continued
with the offer of in-service training, in addition to production
and distribution of reagents and bibliographic information.

- The name of the Network was changed to Technical Cooperation
Network Among Veterinary Research and Diagnostic Laboratories, and
the Programme on Aujeszky's disease was expanded to Viral Diseases
of Swine.









- 41 -


- Various manuals and audiovisual material in support of the three
programmes were prepared.

1988-89

- The Internal Regulations of the Network were approved and the Group
of Experts of each Programme were established and organized. The
Reference Services available to the Network members were
systematized and Liaison Laboratories were defined in each one of
the countries that have requested to become part of the Network.

- The 1988 round-tables of the Programmes on Neonatal Diarrhoeas,
Hemoparasites and Viral Diseases of Swine were carried out.

- The following Reference Services were consolidated and made
available to the Network member institutions:

System of evaluation and registration of scientific personnel.
This consists of a registry of professionals and specialists who
work in the different laboratories of the Network. Information
may be obtained for each one on their field of speciality, main
work carried out, different indicators of research and assistance
abilities, as well as the institution in which he works and his
postal address.

In-Service Training Programmes:

In the Programme of Neonatal Diarrhoeas, four institutions of
the Region offer training in nine diagnostic techniques.

In the Programme of Hemoparasites, nine institutions of the
Region offer training in 15 diagnostic techniques.

In the Programme of Viral Diseases of Swine, three institutions
offer training in 28 diagnostic techniques.

Standard Diagnostic Reagents:

In the Programme of Neonatal Diarrhoeas, two institutions of
the Region offer 20 products.

In the Programme of Hemoparasites, 10 institutions of the
Region offer 17 products.

In the Programme of Viral Diseases of Swine, three institutions
of the Region offer 22 products.









- 42 -


- In 1989, the Round Table of the group of experts of the programme
on hemoparasites was held in Argentina, for the purpose of
evaluating the services provided and programming future activities.

- The Round Table of the group of experts of the programme on viral
diseases of swine was held in Mexico for, the same purpose.

- The Round Table of the group of experts of the programme on
neonatal diarrhoeas complex was held in Brazil, and it was then
decided to propose the expansion of the programme to all viral
diseases of bovines.

- Information on the reference services provided by each laboratory
(courses, reagents, bibliography, etc.), was kept up to date and
support was provided to the laboratories in the use of the
reference services, particularly as regards training in new
techniques and obtention of reagents.

-The system of evaluation and registration of scientific personnel
in the institutions working in animal health in the Region, was
expanded and up dated. This system allows the evaluation and
classification of personnel for cooperation and exchange purposes,
and at the same time, the evaluation of the capacity of the
institutions as to their productivity and scientific level. Up to
date there are 934 specialists registered.

- As from 1989, the action of the Network has extended to the
English-speaking Caribbean countries, which have been organized as
a Subregion.

- Publication of:

GAN-24 System of Evaluation for Scientific Personnel of the
Veterinary Research and Diagnostic Laboratories;

GAN-25 Symposium on Experiences in the Control of Neonatal
Diarrhoeas in Bovines and Swine;

GAN-28 Action and Toxicity of Drugs Utilized against Babesia
bovis and Babesia bigemina;

Manual on Virological Diagnostic Techniques; and


Six issues of the Circular Letter.








- 43 -


B. Coordination

Regional Coordination

The coordination of this
programmes.


Viral Diseases of
Swine:




Hemoparasites:




Viral Diseases
of Bovines:


network has been organized in three



CENID Microbiologia/INIFAP
Institute de Investigaciones Forestales
y Agropecuarias
C.P. 051
Mexico D.F. MEXICO

Institute Nacional de Tecnologia
Agropecuaria (INTA)
Casilla de Correo 228
4.400 Salta, ARGENTINA

Centro de Investigaciones de Ciencia
Veterinaria (CICV)
Institute Nacional de Tecnologia
Agropecuaria (INTA), Castelar
Casilla de Correo 77 1706 Moron
Provincia de Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA


- FAO, Responsible Regional Officer

Mr. Carlos Arellano-Sota
FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile

- Coordination at the National Level (Liaison National Laboratories)


Argentina







Brazil


Centro de Investigacion de Ciencias
Veterinaria (CICV)
INTA, Castelar
Casilla de Correo 77
1706 Moron
Provincia de Buenos Aires

Direcci6n General
Sistema de Laboratorio do
Ministerio de Agricultura
Esplanada dos Ministerios Bl. "D" S/403 Anexo
Brasilia








- 44 -


Chile


Colombia





Costa Rica




Cuba


Dominican
Republic


El Salvador



Guatemala








Honduras



Mexico


Servicio Agricola y Ganadero (SAG)
Sucre 2397
Santiago

Laboratorio de Investigaciones
Medico Veterinarias (LIMV/ICA)
Apartado Aereo 1007
Centro Narifo, Edificio B1
Bogota

Centro de Diagn6stico e
Investigaci6n en Salud Animal
Apartado 10094
San Jose

Centro Nacional de Sanidad Agropecuaria
Carretera de Tapaste y Autopista Nacional,
Apartado 10
San Jos6 de las Lajas
La Habana

Division de Laboratorios
Direccion General de Ganaderia
San Crist6bal

Centro de Desarrollo Ganadero (CDG)
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
San Salvador

Direccion General de Servicios Pecuarios
(DIGESEPE)
Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia
y Alimentaci6n
Edificio Galerias Reforma
Avenida de Reforma 8-60, Zona 9
Ciudad de Guatemala

Institute de Investigacion
Medico Veterinaria
Tegucigalpa

Institute Nacional de Investigaciones
Forestales y Agropecuarias (INIFAP)
Apartado Postal 206
Km. 15.5 Mexico-Toluca, Palo Alto, D.F.
Ciudad de MIxico









- 45 -


Nicaragua


Direcci6n de Sanidad Animal
Direcci6n General de Tecnicas
MIDINRA
Managua


Pecuarias


Paraguay


Peru


Uruguay




Venezuela






English-Speaking


Barbados




Grenada



Jamaica


Program Ganadero San Lorenzo
Km 10 1/2
Asuncion

Laboratorio de Diagn6stico Animal
Tinajones N2 270
Urbanizacion Tambo de Monterrico, Surco
Lima

Centro de Investigaciones Veterinarias
"Miguel C. Rubino" (CIVET)
Casilla de Correo 6577
Montevideo

Institute de Investigaciones Veterinarias
del Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones
Agropecuarias (FONIAP)
Apartado 70
Maracay

Caribbean Subregion

Director of Veterinary Research
Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory
The Pine
St. Michael

Chief Veterinary Officer
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
St. George's

Central Veterinary Laboratory
Linton McDough Memorial
Hope Gardens P.O. Box 309
Kingston


St. Vincent and
the Grenadines


Chief Veterinary Officer
Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Labour
Kingstown















Trinidad and
Tobago


Director of Veterinary Service
Ministry of Food Production and
Marine Exploitation
St. Claire Circle
Port-of-Spain


- 46 -









- 47 -


VIII. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF ENERGY FOR
RURAL DEVELOPMENT


A. Main Activities

The Technical Cooperation Network on Alternative Sources of
Energy for Rural Development was constituted the 1 January of 1987, as
a result of the integration of the Technical Cooperation Networks on
Biogas, Solar Energy and Eolic Energy. This integration was proposed
by the Regional and Subregional Coordinators of these networks and was
analyzed in several seminars and consultations held during 1986. For
this reason, the summary that follows considers activities carried out
independently by each one of the three mentioned networks during the
period 1980-86. Activities mentioned for 1987 and after, however,
correspond to those organized by the new network.

1980-81

The network on Biogas was constituted at a round-table held in
Brazil, in 1981, in which representatives from nine countries
participated.

A biodigester was constructed in Panama with the assistance of a
Brazilian technician.

1982-83

Itinerant seminars on biogas were organized in four countries which
allowed the training of 65 technicians at the national level.
Likewise, five technicians from four countries received training on
the same subject in different courses and seminars in Brazil.

The coordinator of the Network on Biogas provided assistance to
different countries through three trips to Central America, the
Southern Cone and the Andean Countries. Two Brazilian technicians
provided assistance to Chile, Honduras and Guatemala.

Several biodigesters were built in Argentina, Chile, Ecuador and
Uruguay. A video on the subject was prepared in Brazil.

The Network on Eolic Energy and the Network on Solar Energy were
established at two different round-tables carried out in Argentina
in 1983. Representatives from 9 countries participated in each
round-table.









- 48 -


1984-85

- A second round-table on biogas was held in Brazil, with the
participation of representatives from 15 countries.

- A study tour to China was organized with the participation of 28
national technicians from 17 Spanish-speaking countries.

- Two technicians from Chile and the Dominican Republic received
training in Brazil, and a biodigester was built in Paraguay.

- A second round-table on solar energy held in Mexico, established
priorities for technical cooperation and the promotion of projects.

- The purchase of equipment for measuring the effects of solar energy
in the drying of agricultural products was supported, and exchange
of technicians was initiated between Argentina, Chile and Peru.

- A second round-table on eolic energy held in Brazil, established
priorities for technical exchange. As follow-up, projects were
prepared to disseminate the use of the Savonious Rotor in Chile and
the Darrieus-Filippini Turbine in Brazil.

- In 1985, through the Network on Biogas, four manuals were prepared,
one for each subregion, on building and operation of biodigesters.

- In April 1985, a training course on construction of biodigesters
was held in Barbados, with the support of TCP/RLA/4406. Nine
countries of the English-speaking Caribbean Subregion participated.

- Most of the participants in the study tour to China organized
seminars at the national level with the purpose of transferring
acquired knowledge.

- A round-table of subregional coordinators of the Network on Biogas
was carried out.

- During 1985, the Network on Solar Energy organized three training
seminars on grain drying by solar energy, in Argentina, Mexico and
Venezuela, with a total participation of 60 technicians.

- During 1985, the Network on Eolic Energy carried out a training
seminar on the use of eolic energy on small farms for extensionists
and agricultural technicians, in collaboration with ITINTEC in
Peru. The coordinators of the Network on Solar Energy also
participated in these activities and held a meeting on the
technical subject of their network.








- 49 -


- Five extensionists from Costa Rica, Chile, Ecuador, Mexico and Peru
received training on the integrated use of alternative sources of
rural energy in Brazil.

- The regional and subregional coordinators of the Networks on
Biogas, Solar Energy and Eolic Energy proposed the promotion of
joint actions of the three networks, through an approach that would
allow integrating the use of the different available sources of
energy for rural development.

1986

- The Regional Coordinators of the Networks on Biogas, Solar Energy
and Eolic Energy met on occasion of a Seminar on Integrated Energy
Systems carried out by EMBRATER, in Brasil, for the purpose of
establishing the basis for integrating the action of these three
networks.

- A training course on building of solar dryers was organized in
Mexico, with participants from 8 countries. Likewise, the Network
participated in the V Latin American Congress on Solar Energy, with
a paper on experiences within the framework of TCDC. The building
of a demonstration solar dryer was completed in Argentina.

- A manual and an audio-visual on solar drying techniques were
prepared.

A subregional training course on construction of artisanal airpumps
was organized in Peru, with participants from 6 countries. The
preparation of a manual and an audio-visual on the use of eolic
energy in rural development was initiated.

A workshop on anaerobic biodigestion and use of effluents was
organized in Honduras with participants from 8 Mesoamerican
countries. In Colombia, a subregional round-table on biogas and
other sources of energy was carried out with participants from the
five Andean countries. A round-table on biogas was organized in
Paraguay with participants from 4 Southern Cone countries.

With the support of TCP/RLA/4406, a training course on operation
and maintenance of biodigesters was held in Jamaica with
participants from 10 countries. Likewise, in Suriname, an in-
service training course on construction of biodigesters was held
with the support of instructors from Barbados and Venezuela.

In November 1986, a round-table to analyze the basis for
integrating the three existing networks into a new Network on
Alternative Sources of Energy for Rural Development, was held in








- 50 -


Brasilia with the support of EMBRATER. The round-table was
attended by regional, subregional and national coordinators of the
Networks on Biogas, Eolic Energy and Solar Energy.

1987

- A training course on evaluation of demands and inputs of rural
energy was organized in Uruguay, with participants from 5
countries, and the Network participated in a workshop on the use of
solar wells for rural development in Mexico.

- A round table on integrated use of rural sources of energy was held
in Brazil, with the participation of the subregional coordinators
of the Southern Cone, Andean Region and Mesoamerica, and
representatives of Brazil, Argentina and Mexico. The regulations
of the Network were approved on this occasion, the programme of
work for 1988 was agreed upon and the Regional Coordination Council
(COLAC) was established.

1988-89

- An international seminar was held in Guatemala on the use of
alternative sources of energy for rural development in Mesoamerica,
with the participation of specialists from 9 countries.

- The first session of the Coordinating Council of the Network
(COLAC) was held in Peru and was attended by the four Subregional
Coordinators.

- A workshop on alternative sources of energy for rural development
in the Andean region was held in Peru, with the participation of
specialists from 5 countries.

- In Argentina, the round table of national coordinators of the
Southern Cone was held to examine possibilities of exchange and
defining a plan of action.

- In 1989, a subregional workshop was held in Trinidad and Tobago, to
exchange experiences on the efficient use of local sources of
energy in rural areas, with the participation of specialists from
11 countries.

- A subregional workshop for exchange of experiences on the use of
alternative sources of energy for rural development was held in
Mexico, with the participation of specialists from 14 countries.
On this same occasion, the meeting of subregional coordinators of
the Network (COLAC) was carried out.








- 51 -


Two training workshops on the integrated use of energy in rural
areas were carried out in Brazil, with the participation of
specialists from 10 countries.

Publication of 6 issues of the Circular Letter.

B. Coordination

Subregional Coordination for the Southern Cone

Institute Nacional de Tecnologia
Agropecuaria (INTA)
Casilla de Correo 25, Castelar
Provincia de Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA

Subregional Coordination for the Andean Countries

Institute Tecnico Industrial y de
Normas Tecnicas (ITINTEC)
Avda. Guardia Civil 400, San Borja
Lima, PERU

Subregional Coordination for Central America,
Mexico, Panama and Latin Caribbean Countries

Direcci6n General de Fuentes Nuevas y
Renovables de Energia
Apartado Postal 1421
Ciudad de Guatemala, GUATEMALA

Subregional Coordination for the
English-Speaking Caribbean Countries and Suriname

Institute of Applied Science and Technology
University Campus
P.O. Box 101050
Turkeyen, Greater Georgetown
GUYANA

FAO Responsible Regional Officer

Mr. Helmut Haufe
FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile









- 52 -


- Coordination at the National Level

Southern Cone:

Argentina Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia
Agropecuaria (INTA)
Rivadavia 1439
1033 Buenos Aires

Secretaria de Ciencias y Tecnica
de la Nacion (SECYT)
Cordoba 831
Buenos Aires

Brazil Empresa Brasilera de Asistencia Tecnica y
Extension Rural (EMBRATER)
W 3 Norte Q 515
Brasilia

Chile Facultad de Ingenieria
Universidad Federico Santa Maria
Casilla 110
Valparaiso

Departamento de Ingenieria Mecanica
Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas y Matematicas
Universidad de Chile
Avda. Beauchef 850
Casilla 2777
Santiago

Paraguay Instituto Nacional de Teenologia y
Normalizaci6n (INTN)
Casilla de Correo 967
Asunci6n

Uruguay Direcci6n de Programaci6n y Politica
Agropecuaria (DIPYPA)
Ministerio de Ganaderia, Agricultura y Pesca
Colonia 892 Piso 51
Montevideo

Andean Countries:

Bolivia Programa de Asistencia Agrobioenergetica al
Campesino (PAAC)
Casilla 4740
Cochabamba









- 53 -


Colombia




Ecuador



Peru




Venezuela


Corporaci6n Aut6noma Regional del Valle
del Cauca (CVC)
Apartado A6reo 2366
Call

Institute Nacional de Energia (INE)
Av. Mariana de Jesus N. 2307 y Martin de Utrera
Quito

Institute de Tgcnico Industrial
y de Normas Tecnicas (ITINTEC)
Av. Guardia Civil 400, San Borja
Lima

Division de Nuevas Fuentes de Energia
Ministerio de Energia y Minas
Piso 17 Torre Oeste/Parque Central
Caracas 1010-A


Centro Ingenieria Mecanica
Fundacion Instituto de Ingenieria
Apartado 40200
Caracas

Central America, Mexico, Panama
and Latin Caribbean Countries:


Costa Rica


Direcci6n Sectorial de Energia
Ministerio de Industria y Energia
Apartado 126/2120
San Jose


Cuba


Dominican
Republic


El Salvador


Program Nacional de
Comision Nacional de
Calle E N" 216
La Habana

Comisi6n de Politica
Av. M6xico, Edif. El
Santo Domingo


Biogas
Energia


Energetica
Huacal, Piso 14


Division de Investigaci6n Agricola
Departamento de Investigaciones Especiales
Centro de Tecnologia Agricola (CENTA)
San Andres









- 54 -


Guatemala





Honduras




Mexico





Nicaragua


Direcci6n General de Fuentes
Nuevas y Renovables de Energia
Ministerio de Energia
Apartado Postal 1421
Ciudad de Guatemala, C.A.

Program de Extensi6n Agropecuaria
Secretaria de Recursos Naturales
Apartado 309
Tegucigalpa

Direcci6n de Fuentes Alternas de Energia
Secretaria de Energia, Minas e Industrias
Paraestatales (SEMIP)
Francisco Marquez 160 piso 3
06140 Mexico D.F.

Direcci6n de Fuentes Alternas de Energia
Institute Nicaraguense de Energia (INE)
Managua


Panama Comisi6n Nacional de Energia
CONADE IRHE
Apartado 5285
Panama

English-Speaking Caribbean
Countries and Suriname:


Antigua
and Barbuda


Ministry of Agriculture
Fisheries, Lands and Housing
St. John's


Ministry of Agriculture,
P.O. Box 3028
Nassau

Ministry of Agriculture,
P.O. Box 505
Bridgetown


Trade and Industry



Food and Fisheries


Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
Belmopan

Division of Agriculture
Ministry of Agriculture, Industries,
Tourism and Trade
Roseau


Bahamas



Barbados



Belize


Dominica









- 55 -


Grenada


Guyana




Jamaica


St. Chritopher
and Nevis




Saint Lucia




St. Vincent and
the Grenadines

Suriname



Trinidad and
Tobago


National Science and Technology Council
St. Andrews

Institute of Applied Science and Technology
(IAST)
University Campus, P.O. Box 101050
Turkeyen

Science and Technology Division
Ministry of Agriculture
Hope Gardens
Kingston 6

Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Housing
and Development
Department of Agriculture
Church Street
Basseterre

Ministry of Agriculture, Lands,
Fisheries and Cooperatives
Mancel Street
Castries

Ministry of Agriculture, Industry and Labour
Kingstown

Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry
and Fisheries
Paramaribo

Ministry of Food Production and
Marine Exploitation
Mansica Road, Centeno
Port-of-Spain









- 56 -


IX. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON AGRICULTURAL MARKETING AND FOOD
SUPPLY


A. Main Activities

1982-83

The establishment of the network was agreed upon at a round-table
on Agricultural Marketing and Food Supply, held in Brazil.

The programme of this network regarding Training in Planning and
Operation of Wholesale Markets started operating at a second round-
table, on the subject, held in Colombia.

The coordinator of the wholesale markets programme visited and
provided assistance to seven countries.

Exchange trips to learn about different experiences in wholesale
markets were organized for a total of 26 participants.

At a third round-table held in Lima, the network's programme on
Credit for Agricultural Marketing was initiated. This event was
organized under the FAO/ALIDE agreement.

1984-85

SAt an international workshop held in Brazil, with the participation
of nine countries, the programme on Promotion and Organization of
Voluntary Chains was activated.

Thirty technicians from nine countries received training at a
training course on planning and operation of wholesale markets.

Two exchange trips with three participants were organized.

In 1985, a subregional workshop on planning and operation of
wholesale markets was held in Venezuela, with the participation of
technicians from Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador,
Honduras and Mexico.

Several exchange trips were organized regarding the subjects of the
programme.

The publication of the Network Circular Letter was initiated.









- 57 -


1986-87

- A round-table was held on development, evolution, prospects and
experiences of voluntary chains, in Mexico, with participants from
12 countries who represented agencies and firms linked to marketing
of food and essential products.

- A subregional round-table on improvement of food supply through
wholesale central markets was held in Guatemala. Representatives
from 11 countries participated in this event.

- A round-table on food marketing and supply was organized in
Ecuador. Specialists from Argentina, Brazil and Colombia attended
as invited lecturers.

- A round-table was held in El Salvador on policies and practices of
food storage in which the initiation of a programme on supply of
basic grains, within the framework of the Network, was recommended.

- Several exchange trips were organized.

- In 1987, a round-table on improvement of marketing of products
through wholesale markets was organized in Brazil, with the
participation of Argentina, Colombia, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela.

1988-89

- A round table on planning and operation of wholesale markets was
organized and held in Barranquilla, Colombia, with the
participation of six countries of the Latin American Region.

- An ad-hoc working group was established within the Programme on
Training in Planning and Operation of Wholesale Markets, in the
area of fisheries, with the participation of Brazil, Colombia,
Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.

- Within the framework of the Programme on Exchange of Bibliography
on Agricultural Marketing and Food Supply, an extensive
bibliography was collected on the subject through the Froilan
Alvarez Yepez Library, with the coordination of the "Fundaci6n para
el Desarrollo de la Region Centro Occidental" of Venezuela.

- Technical exchange was achieved among several Network members,
through technical reports and video tapes on programmes of food
distribution for low income populations and study tours financed by
the Network members themselves, from various countries.









- 58 -


In April 1989, a round table was held in San Salvador on techniques
for export development of fruits, vegetables and ornamental plants,
with the participation of specialists from 8 countries.

A workshop for exchange of experiences on information of
agricultural markets was held in Honduras, with the participation
of specialists from 9 countries.

Trips of national technicians were organized to become acquainted
and to share experiences and knowledge on the organization and
management of food and agricultural markets at the rural and urban
level, among 8 countries of the Region.

In Barquisimeto, Venezuela, a technical consultation was organized
on marketing and commodities, with the help of the "Fundaci6n para
el Desarrollo de la Region Centro Occidental" (FUDECO).

Preparation of a technical document on classification and packing
of fresh fruits and vegetables.

Support was given to the subregional round table on science and
technology in marketing of food, organized by the "Asociacion
Latinoamericana de Mercadeo Agropecuario" ALDMA, ACOABASTOS and IAN
of Colombia, in July 1989.

Publication of 5 Circular Letters.


B. Coordination

Regional Coordination

This Network is at present organized in two programmes.

Training in Planning and Operation of Wholesale Markets

Corporaci6n de Abastecimientos del
Valle del Cauca S.A. (CAVASA)
Apartado Aereo 6187
Cali, COLOMBIA

Exchange of Bibliography on Agricultural
Marketing and Food Supply

Fundaci6n para el Desarrollo Centro
Occidental de Venezuela (FUDECO)
Apartado 523
Barquisimeto, VENEZUELA









- 59 -


- FAO, Responsible Regional Officer


Mr. Guilherme Schuetz
FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile


- Participating


Argentina


Institutions at the National Level

Bolsa de Cereales de Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires


Mercado Cooperativo
D.F. Sarmiento esq.
Mendoza


de Guaymallen
Belgrano


Camara Argentina de Fruticultores
(CAFI)
Buenos Aires


Spartina S.A.
Buenos Aires

Corporaci6n del Mercado Central de Buenos Aires
Buenos Aires

Direccion de Mercadeo Agropecuario
Ministerio de Asuntos Campesinos y Agropecuarios
La Paz


Camara Agropecuaria del Oriente (CAO)
Santa Cruz


Companhia Brasileira de
Alimentos (COBAL)
SGAS Quadra 901 Conjunto A
70390 Brasilia


Prefeitura do Municipio de Jundiai
Juindai, SP

Associacao dos Varejistas do Espiritu Santo
(AVAES)
Cariacica, ES


Integrados


Bolivia


Brazil









- 60 -


Chile Oficina de Planificaci6n Agricola
(ODEPA)
Santiago

Colombia Asoclaci6n Latinoamericana de Mercadeo
de Alimentos (ALDMA)
-Bogota

Corporaci6n de Abastecimientos del
Valle del Cauca S.A. (CAVASA)
Cali

Corporaci6n de Abastos de Bogota
(CORABASTOS)
Bogota

Costa Rica Direccion Nacional de Mercadeo Agropecuario
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
San Jose

Centro Nacional-de Abastecimiento y
Distribucion de Alimentos (CENADA)
San Jose

Consejo Nacional de Producci6n (CNP)
San jose

Cuba 'Direccion de Relaciones Internacionales
Ministerio de Agricultura
La Habana

Dominican Asociacion para el Desarrollo (INC)
Republic Santiago de los Caballeros

Ecuador Mercado Mayorista de Quito
Quito

Empresa Nacional de Comercializacion (ENAC)
Quito

Federaci6n Nacional de Comerciantes
Minoristas y de los Mercados del Ecuador
(FENACOMI)
Quito









- 61 -


El Salvador


Direcci6n de Economia Agropecuaria
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
San Salvador


Guatemala


Institute Nacional de
Agricola (INDECA)
Ciudad de Guatemala


Comercializaci6n


Secretaria de Recursos Naturales
(IHMA)
Tegucigalpa

Suplidora Nacional de Productos Basicos
(BANASUPRO)
Tegucigalpa

Consejo Metropolitano, Distrito General
Tegucigalpa

Institute Hondurefo de Mercadeo Agropecuario
Tegucigalpa

Coordinaci6n General de Abastos y
Distribucion del Distrito Federal
Ciudad de Mexico


Direcci6n General de Organizaci6n de
Desarrollo de la Comunidad Rural
Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos
(SARH)
Ciudad de Mexico


Productores y

Hidraulicos


Ministerio de Economia, Industria y Comercio
Managua

Mercado de Abasto de Panama
Ciudad de Panama

Empresa de Mercados Mayoristas S.A.
(EMMSA)
Lima

Direcci6n General de Agroindustrias y
Comercializacion
Lima

Mercado Modelo de Montevideo
Montevideo


Honduras


Mexico


Nicaragua


Panama


Peru








Uruguay









- 62 -


Fundacion para el Desarrollo de la
Region Centro Occidental de Venezuela
(FUDECO)
Barquisimeto

Mercados, Silos y Frigorificos del
Distrito Federal C.A. (MERSIFRICA)
Caracas

Universidad Centro Occidental
Barquisimeto

Municipalidad del Distrito de Maturin,
Estado de Monagas


Venezuela









- 63 -


X. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON FOOD AND NUTRITION SURVEILLANCE
SYSTEMS


A. Main Activities

1984-85

Eight exchange trips were organized in which the persons
responsible for food and nutrition surveillance in Argentina,
Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico and Panama
learned of the experiences in two other countries. Each
participant prepared three reports: one regarding his own country
and two additional reports on the countries visited.

On 1985, the First International Round-table on Food and Nutrition
Surveillance System (SISVAN) was organized in Santiago, Chile, with
the participation of eight countries, PAHO/WHO, INCAP and INTA, as
well as FAO/RLAC and FAO/HQ.

In August a workshop was held in Lima on analysis and design of the
economic policy in the food and agricultural sector. Twenty seven
technicians from several countries of the region participated, as
well as the Board of the Cartagena Agreement (JUNAC), the Joint
FAO/ECLAC Agricultural Division (JLAC), FAO/RLAC and FAO/HQ.

Three technicians from Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela participated
in study tours to exchange experiences on SISVAN.

1986-87

Thirteen technicians of the region were trained in data management
and analysis for food and nutrition surveillance at an
international workshop on the subject held in Chile, in October
1986.

The persons responsible for food and nutrition surveillance in the
Dominican Republic and El Salvador participated in study tours.

A document was published on the Role of Food and Nutrition
Surveillance in Food Security, which had been prepared by a
consultant, the previous year.

-In December 1986, the II International Round-table on SISVAN for
Latin America and the Caribbean was held in Bogota, with the
participation of experts from 12 countries, the SELA Action
Committee for Support to Economic and Social Development of Central
America (CADESCA), PAHO/WHO, the Joint FAO/ECLAC Agricultural









- 64 -


Division (JLAC) and FAO/RLAC. On this occasion the Technical
Cooperation Network on SISVAN was officially established.

- Following the previous event, an FAO/RLAC/PAHO/WHO Technical
Meeting on Food, Agricultural and Socioeconomic Indicators for Food
and Nutrition Surveillance, was held.

- During 1987, the exchange of experiences on SISVAN will continue.
For this purpose, technicians from Bolivia, Honduras, Guatemala
Peru and Uruguay participated on a study tour to Cali (Colombia).

- In Venezuela, a workshop on the Introduction of the Agricultural
Sector in SISVAN was held with the participation of experts from
Colombia, Costa Rica and Venezuela.

- Thirteen documents were published on experiences of the SISVAN in
the countries of the Region. The Circular Letters of the Network
were also published.

1988-89

- In August 1988, the Meeting among Users and Generators of
Information for Surveillance of the Availability and Access of Food
was held in Panama City. Fifty technicians participated from Costa
Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama,
Venezuela, FAO/RLAC, FAO/ESN, PSA/CADESCA-EEC, INCAP and ECLAC.

- On occasion of the above event, a meeting of coordination of the
SISVAN Network was held, with the presence of six National
Coordinators, the Regional Coordinator and the Technical Secretary
of the Network.

- In October, a technical exchange in SISVAN was carried out in
Venezuela, during which experts from Brazil and Paraguay had the
opportunity of exchanging experiences.

- Through a consultancy, the Practical Manual for the Installation of
a SISVAN was prepared.

- The III International Round Table on Food and Nutrition
Surveillance Systems was held in Havana, Cuba, from 9 to 13 October
1989. The purpose was to analyze the present and potential use of
the food basket in food and nutrition surveillance, and to
determine the medium-term plan of action of the SISVAN Network.
Experts from 16 countries, PAHO/WHO, UNICEF, INCAP and PSA/CADESCA
participated.
















Publications: "Manual practice para la instalacion de un sistema de
vigilancia alimentaria y nutricional"; "Vigilancia alimentaria y
nutricional y seguridad alimentaria. Un enfoque funcional para
America Central"; six issues of the Circular Letter of the Network;
and the final report of the III International Round Table on
SISVAN


B. Coordination

Regional Coordination


Institute Nacional de Nutricion
Av. Baralt esq. El Carmen
Caracas, VENEZUELA

FAO, Resposible Regional Officer

Dr. Cecilio Moron
FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile

Coordination at the National Level


Bolivia





Brazil




Chile

Colombia


Departamento de Vigilancia Nutricional
Direcci6n Nacional en Nutrici6n y Alimentaci6n
Ministerio de Prevision Social y Salud Publica
Edificio Loteria, piso 8
La Paz

Institute Nacional de Alimenta9ao e Nutrigao
W-3 Norte 510
CEP. 70.000
Brasilia D.F

Pending designation

Ministerio de Salud
Calle 16 N. 7-39
Bogota


Costa Rica


Area de Vigilancia Nutricional
Departamento de Nutrici6n
Ministerio de Salud
San Jose


- 65 -








- 66 -


Cuba


Dominican
Republic



Ecuador





El Salvador


Guatemala





Honduras





Nicaragua


Panama


Departamento Nacional de Higiene de los
Alimentos y Nutrici6n
Ministerio de Salud Publica
Calle 23 y N
Vedado, La Habana

Direccion General de Nutricion
Secretaria de Estado de Salud Publica y
Asistencia Social
Santo Domingo

Division de Investigaciones Operativas
Institute Nacional de Investigaciones
Nutricionales y Medico Sociales (ININMS)
Buenos Aires 340 y Juan Larrea Piso 31
Quito

Departamento de Nutrici6n
Ministerio de Salud Publica y Asistencia Social
Calle Arce N! 827
San Salvador

Unidad Sectorial de Planificacion Agropecuaria
y de Alimentacion (USPADA)
Ministerio de Agricultura, Ganaderia y Alimentacion
Via 2, 4-34 "B" Zona 4
Guatemala

Direcci6n General de Planificacion y Programacion
Secretaria de Planificaci6n, Coordinacion
y Presupuesto (SECPLAN)
Apartado Postal 1327
Tegucigalpa

Direcci6n de Vigilancia Alimentario Nutricional
Program Alimentario Nicaragiense (PAN)
Planes de Altamira
Managua


Departamento de Nutrici6n
Ministerio de Salud
Apartado 2048
Panama 1









- 67 -


Peru


Uruguay


Venezuela


Secretaria Tgcnica de la Comisi6n Especial
de Seguridad Alimentaria (CESA)
Institute Nacional de Planificaci6n
Lima

Departamento de Nutricion
Ministerio de Salud Publica
Eduardo Acevedo 1538
Montevideo

Division de Nutricion en Salud Publica
Institute Nacional de Nutricion
Av. Baralt esq. El Carmen
Caracas









- 68 -


XI. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON AQUACULTURE


A. Main Activities

1982-83

A meeting of the Advisory Committee of the Regional Aquaculture
Centre was held in Brazil with the participation of representatives
from ten countries.

A study tour was organized to learn from the Cuban experience in
aquaculture in which technicians from four countries participated.

A consultant organized all the information available on cultivation
of the Colossoma species.

1984-85

Six seminars were organized, at the national level, on cultivation
of Colossoma species based on the information gathered by the
consultant.

A round-table on management of fisheries in lakes and dams was held
in Chile with the participation of representatives from 12
countries.

A second study tour to Cuba was organized with participants from
four countries.

In 1985, national seminars on subsistence aquaculture were
organized in four countries; a document containing criteria for
the preparation and evaluation of subsistence aquaculture projects
was prepared.

A round-table for aquaculture planners was held in Panama with the
participation of representatives from eleven countries.

A document on aquaculture and rural development (promotion and
training) was prepared.

1986-87

At a round-table held in Panama, with the participation of 9
countries, the Technical Cooperation Network on Aquaculture was
formally established. Since then, four countries have become
incorporated in the Network.









- 69 -


- A training course on transfer of technology of oyster and
Portuguese oyster breeding was held in Chile with 22 participants
from nine countries.

- A document with case studies on aquaculture development in three
countries (Colombia, Costa Rica and El Salvador) was prepared.

- A document on the situation of fish culture using effluents of
biodigesters was prepared.

- In 1987, a training course on planning of aquaculture development
was held in Mexico, with participants from 9 countries.

- A training course on ichthyopathology was held in Venezuela, with
participants from 9 countries.

- A workshop on integrated management of lakes and dams was held with
the participation of specialists from 7 countries.

- The Network Circular Letter was published periodically.

1988-89

- A seminar-workshop was held in Panama on Peneidae prawns, with
participation of specialists from twelve countries.

- Material was prepared on the experience of Panama in production of
seeds of five species (fish and crustaceans), suitable for
cultivation.

- As a joint activity in the framework of COPESCAL and the Regional
Project AQUILA, and with the support of a technician from
Headquarters, a workshop was held in Cumana, Venezuela, with the
participation of 7 countries.

- A training course on limnology and its connection with watershed
management was held as a joint activity with the TCN on Watershed
Management (Santiago, 27 November to 1 December 1989), with the
participation of 10 countries. A practical experience was carried
out in a field visit to "Embalse Rapel", for one day.

- A technical exchange was carried out between Cuba and Costa Rica on
the installation of a gene bank of Tilapia (July 1989).


- Five issues of the Circular Letter were published.









- 70 -


B. Coordination

Regional Coordination

Direccion General de Acuacultura
Secretaria de Pesca
Mexico D.F., MEXICO

FAO Responsible Regional Officer


Ms. Elda Fagetti
FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile


- Coordination


at the National Level


Centro de Desarrollo Pesquero
Avda. Camacho N* 1471
Ministerio de Asuntos Campesinos y Agropecuarios
La Paz

Subsecretaria de Pesca
Valparaiso


Costa Rica


Direccion General de Recursos
Pesqueros y Acuicultura
San Jose


Asociaci6n Bananera Nacional de Costa Rica S.A.
(ASBANA)
San Jose


Cuba


Dominican
Republic


El Salvador


Empresa Nacional de Acuicultura
Ministerio de la Industria Pesquera
La Habana

Departamento de Recursos Pesqueros
Secretaria de Estado de Agricultura
Santo Domingo D.N.

Centro de Desarrollo Pesquero
Ministerio de Agricultura
San Salvador


Bolivia




Chile









- 71 -


Guatemala




Honduras












Mexico



Nicaragua


Panama



Uruguay


Venezuela


Direcci6n Tecnica de Pesca y Acuicultura
Direccion General de Servicios Pecuarios
Ministerio de Agricultura y Alimentacion
Ciudad de Guatemala

Direccion General de Recursos
Naturales Renovables
Secretaria de Recursos Naturales
Apartado Postal 1309
Tegucigalpa

Institute Nacional Agrario
Tegucigalpa

Universidad Nacional Aut6noma de Honduras
Tegucigalpa

Direccion General de Acuacultura
Secretaria de Pesca
M4xico D.F.

Direccion General de Acuicultura
Corporacion Nicaraguense de la Pesca
Apartado 2020
Managua

Direccion Nacional de Acuicultura
Ministerio de Desarrollo Agropecuario
Santiago de Veraguas

Institute Nacional de Pesca
Montevideo

Direcci6n Sectorial de Pesca y Acuicultura
Ministerio de Agricultura y Cria
Caracas









- 72 -


XII. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON WATERSHED MANAGEMENT


A. Main Activities

1980-81

The establishment of this network was agreed upon at a round-table
held in Colombia, in which representatives from seven countries
participated.

1982-83

A workshop on watershed management was held with the participation
of 18 technicians from eight countries.

Eleven technicians from the Dominican Republic visited CVC
(Colombia); five Brazilian technicians visited the Cadastral
Commission in Chile; two ITC experts (Brazil) visited Colombia and
another two specialists from Brazil provided assistance to Bolivia.
Technicians from four countries visited CVC (COLOMBIA) and
specialists from two countries visited Colbun-Machicura (Chile).

A seminar on watershed management was held with the participation
of technicians from 11 countries and a second round-table was
organized with the participation of representatives from 7
countries.

Five specialists from four countries provided assistance to Ecuador
in the preparation of a project on the Paute River Basin.
Likewise, a consultant from Costa Rica provided assistance to
Colombia.

1984-85

An emergency mission of five specialists from four different
countries provided assistance on flood control in Argentina.

A meeting was held in Chile to analyze the problems of the Mapocho
River Basin, with the participation of nine specialists from six
countries,

In 1985, a support mission was carried out to the state of
Paraiba, Brazil, to start a watershed programme, and another was
organized in Chile as follow-up to the 1984 mission.

Five extensionists from three countries were trained at CVC,
Colombia, and a training course on soils conservation was held in









- 73 -


Peru. Likewise, Chile provided technical assistance to Bolivia on
training programmes.

- A mission was carried out in Argentina as support to a TCP project
in the Rio de la Plata Basin, and two missions provided assistance
to Colombia and Honduras, respectively.

- A round-table of the network coordinators was held in Chile for
programming future activities and approving operational procedures.

- The publication of the Network Circular Letter was initiated.

1986-87

- A regional workshop of specialists in planning and integrated
management of demonstration watersheds was organized in Colombia,
with the participation of 23 technicians from 11 countries. A
meeting of coordinators was held simultaneously to examine the
progress of the workprogramme and plan actions for 1987.

- An itinerant seminar on watershed management was organized in
Chile, Panama, Peru and Venezuela, for the purpose of supporting
the establishment of national networks on the subject.

- In Brazil, a workshop on rural extension in watershed management
was held with participants from 9 countries.

- A training course on remote sensing in watershed management was
organized in Chile.

- Several trips were organized for exchange and technical assistance,
within a TCDC framework.

- Great emphasis was laid on the need to increase exchange of
information and publications among the countries.

- In 1987, the following activities were organized: a regional round
table on management of pilot watersheds in Costa Rica, with
participants from 11 countries; a workshop on integrated management
of natural resources in watersheds in Mexico, with participants
from 11 countries; and a workshop on hydro-forestry models in
Brazil, with participants from 5 countries.

- Active technical exchange among all the participating countries was
organized.

- Emphasis continued being laid on exchange of information, and the
directory of institutions related to the subject was completed.








- 74 -


1988-89

- A workshop on Management of the Panama Channel Watershed was
organized between 7 and 16 November, with participation of
specialists from 10 countries of the Region.

- A meeting of the Network Coordinators was held in Panama to
evaluate the 86-88 programme, formulate the programme for 1989-91
and prepare a work programme for 1989.

- Documents on watershed management were distributed and exchanged in
all countries of the Region.

- Several technical exchanges were carried out, including one on
planning of the Rimac River in Peru, with the participation of
specialists from Colombia and Chile.

- In 1989, a workshop was organized on management of pilot watersheds
in Bolivia, with the participation of experts from 10 countries.

- The preparation of the First Latin American Congress on Watershed
Management, to be held in 1990 in Brazil, was initiated.

- A training course on management of torrents and utilization of low
lands was held in Brazil, with the participation of technicians
from 4 countries.

- A training course on the use of agro-forestry systems in watershed
management was held in Honduras.

- A training course on limnology and its relation with watershed
management was held in Chile, with the participation of technicians
from 6 countries.

- Exchange of knowledge and experiences through visits and assistance
within a TCDC framework, was organized.

- The establishment of a directory of specialists, institutions,
bibliography and training opportunities to facilitate and promote
exchange in watershed management was initiated.

- Publication of 6 issues of the Circular Letter and other documents.









- 75 -


B. Coordination

Regional Coordination


Program de Manejo de Cuencas
Corpocacion Nacional Forestal (CONAF)
Avda. Bulnes 285
Santiago, CHILE

FAO Responsible Regional Officer

Mr. Kyran Thelen
FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile

Coordination at the National Level


Argentina




Bolivia


Brazil






Chile




Colombia


Departamento de Investigaciones Forestales
Institute Forestal Nacional
Avda. Pueyrred6n 2446
1119 Buenos Aires

Direccion de Cuencas Hidrograficas
Ministerio de Asuntos Campesinos y Agropecuarios
Avda. Camacho 1471
Casilla 20479
La Paz


Coordinaci6n Nacional de Conservacion
Suelos y Aguas
Secretaria de Recursos Naturales
Ministerio de Agricultura
Brasilia

Program de Manejo de Cuencas
Corporaci6n Nacional Forestal (CONAF)
Avda. Bulnes 285
Santiago

Subdireccion de Desarrollo
Corporaci6n Aut6noma Regional del
Valle del Cauca (CVC)
Carrera 56, N 11-36
Apartado Aereo 2366
Cali









- 76 -


Costa Rica





Dominican
Republic


Ecuador







El Salvador


Guatemala



Honduras



Mexico



Nicaragua


Panama





Paraguay


Program de Cuencas Hidrograficas
Direccion General Forestal
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
Apartado 10094
San Jose

Institute Nacional de Recursos Hidraulicos
(INDRHI)
Santo Domingo D.N.

Comisi6n Nacional Permanente para la
Proteccion y Manejo de las Cuencas
Hidrograficas (CONAPCHID)
Direcci6n General Forestal
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
Quito

Centro de Recursos Naturales (CENREN)
San Salvador

Institute Nacional Forestal (INAFOR)
7a Avenida 7-09, Zona 13
Ciudad de Guatemala

Secretaria de Recursos Naturales
Apartado Postal 309
Tegucigalpa

Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos Hidraulicos
(SARH)
Mexico D.F.

Direccion General de Recursos Naturales
y del Ambiente (DIRENA MIDINRA)
Managua

Departamento de Aguas y Suelos
Institute Nacional de Recursos Naturales Renovables
(INRENARE)
Apartado 2016, Paraiso, Corregimiento de Anc6n
Ciudad de Panama

Ministerio de Agricultura
Asuncion















Peru


Venezuela


77 -




Direccion General de Aguas, Suelos e Irrigaciones
Ministerio de Agricultura y Alimentacion
Jr. Washington 1894
Lima

Division de Conservacion de Cuencas
Direccion de Manejo de Cuencas
Ministerio del Ambiente y de los Recursos
Naturales Renovables (MARNR)
Caracas








- 78 -


XIII. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON NATIONAL PARKS, OTHER PROTECTED
AREAS AND WILDLIFE


A. Main Activities

1982-83


- The establishment of the network was agreed upon at
on the subject held in Chile, in which experts from
participated.

- A FAO/UNEP project proposal was prepared to support
of this network.


a round-table
seven countries


the activities


1984-85


- The National Parks Service of Argentina organized a one-year
training course for forest rangers, at the Forest Rangers School,
which was attended by five rangers from four countries (Panama,
Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay).

- A training course on economic analysis of national parks was held
in Argentina which was attended by twelve planners from eight
countries.


- In 1985, a workshop on
Latin America was held
specialists from seven
on the subject.


the use of wildlife for rural development in
in Peru, with the participation of
countries; a consultant prepared a document


- A workshop on planning of the Torres del Paine national park was
organized in Chile and a reconnaissance of the national parks on
the Chilean-Argentine border was carried out with the participation
of Chilean and Argentine technicians. Another workshop was held in
Argentina on planning and management of frontier areas, attended by'
Chilean technicians.

- A workshop on planning of wildland systems was held in Paraguay,
attended by 15 technicians from Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay.

- The publication of the Network Circular Letter was initiated as
well as the preparation of a directory of technicians and
institutions working in the subject of the network.

- The network coordinator visited several countries of the region, to
promote the incorporation of other countries into the network.









- 79 -


1986-87

- With the approval of the FAO/UNEP Project on "Wildlands, Protected
Areas and Wildlife Management in Latin America" strong support was
given to the activities of the network.

- An international workshop on planning national systems of wildland
protected areas was organized in Venezuela with the participation
of specialists from 17 countries.

- A workshop on integrated management of protected frontier areas was
held in Panama with the support of the FAO/UNEP project.

- The publication of the bulletin "Flora, Fauna y Areas Silvestres"
was initiated, within the framework of the FAO/UNEP project, and
the Network Circular Letter continued being published.

- Several activities were organized for exchange and technical
assistance within a TCDC framework.

- The directory of professionals and institutions linked to the
subject of the network was computerized for easy reference and to
expedite communications.

- In 1987, a workshop was organized in Argentina on management of
natural resources, for persons responsible for national parks and
other protected areas, with the support of the FAO/UNEP project. A
workshop, sponsored by the same project, was held in Peru on in
situ conservation of genetic resources, and a workshop on planning
of protected coastal areas was organized in the Dominican Republic.

- A training workshop was held on wildlife management for rural
development.

-Technical exchange for training and assistance purposes was
organized and the publication of the bulletin "Flora, Fauna y Areas
Silvestres" as well as of the Network Circular Letters continued.

1988-89

- With the approval of the extension of the FAO/UNEP project on
"Wildlands, Protected Areas and Wildlife Management in Latin
America and the Caribbean", support to the Network's activities was
continued.

- A meeting of all the Network member countries was held in order to
discuss the programme for 1988/89.









- 80 -


An International Workshop on Management of Ecosystems in Mountain
Areas was organized in Cuba, with the participation of specialists
from 9 countries.

-An International Workshop on Environmental Interpretation in
Protected Wildlands was held in Chile, with the participation of
specialists from 15 countries of the Region.

In 1989, a workshop was held in Ecuador on Research in Protected
Wildlands, with the participation of specialists from 13 countries.

A workshop on development of projects for national parks and other
protected areas was held in Dominica, with the participation of
experts from 15 countries.

In Costa Rica, a workshop on protected wildlands and local
communities was held with the participation of technicians from 19
countries.

In Colombia, a workshop on Protected Wildlands in the Amazon
Watershed was held with the participation of specialists from
Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela.

A workshop on management of guanaco (llama guanicoe) was held in
Argentina, with the participation of experts from 6 countries.

Exchange of experts to learn experiences and provide assistance to
different countries was organized within a TCDC framework. The
following countries have participated in these activities:
Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador,
El Salvador, Guatemala, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela.

Publication of 6 issues of the Circular Letter; 6 of the bulletin
"Flora, Fauna y Areas Silvestres"; 6 manuals and technical
documents and other training material.

Publication of a directory of specialists and a directory of
institutions.


B. Coordination

Regional Coordination

Institute Nacional de los Recursos Naturales
Renovables y del Ambiente (INDERENA)
Apartado Agreo 13458
Bogota, COLOMBIA









- 81 -


- FAO, Responsible Regional Officer


Mr. Kyran Thelen
FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile


- Coordination


Argentina


at the National Level

Administraci6n de Parques
Santa Fe 690
1059 Buenos Aires


Nacionales


Bolivia



Brazil







Chile




Colombia






Costa Rica



Cuba



Dominican
Republic


Liga de Defensa del Medio Ambiente
(LIDEMA)
La Paz

Departamento de Unidades de Conservagao
de Diretoria de Ecossistemas
Institute Brasilero do Meio Ambiente e
Recursos Naturais Renovaveis
Sain Av. L-4 Norte, ED, IBDF/Minter
Cep. 70.000 Brasilia D.F.

Departamento de Areas Silvestres Protegidas
Corporacion Nacional Forestal
Avda. Bulnes 285 Of. 604
Santiago

Division de Parques Nacionales
Institute Nacional de Recursos Naturales
Renovables y del Ambiente (INDERENA)
Apartado Aereo 13458
Bogota

Servicio de Parques Nacionales
Apartado 10094
1000 San Jose

Comisi6n Rectora del Gran Parque Nacional
Sierra Maestra
La Habana

Direccion Nacional de Parques
Apartado Postal 2487
Santo Domingo









- 82 -


Ecuador


El Salvador




Guatemala


Direccion Nacional Forestal
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
Quito

Centro de'Recursos Naturales
(CENREN)
Apartado 2265
San Salvador

Consejo Nacional Areas Protegidas
(CONAP)
Presidencia de la Republica
7a Avenida 4-00 Zona 1
Ciudad de Guatemala


Departamento de Vida Silvestre y
Recursos Ambientales
Ministerio de Recursos Naturales
Apartado Postal 309
Tegucigalpa


Renovables


Secretaria de Desarrollo Urbano
y Ecologia (SEDUE)
Ciudad de Mexico

Direcci6n'General de Recursos
Naturales y del Ambiente (DIRENA)
Apartado 5123
Managua

Parques Nacionales y Vida Silvestre
Institute Nacional de Recursos Naturales
Renovables (INRENARE)
Apartado 2016
Ciudad de Panama

Direcci6n de Parques Nacionales, Manejo
de Bosques y Vida Silvestre
Casilla de Correo 3303
Asuncion

Institute Nacional de Investigacion
Agraria y Agroindustrial (INIAA)
Apartado Postal 11-0150
Lima 11


Honduras






Mexico



Nicaragua




Panama





Paraguay


Peru









83 -




Direccion General de Recursos Naturales
Renovables
Ministerio de Ganaderia, Agricultura y Pesca
Montevideo

Oficina de Desarrollo Profesional y
Relaciones Internacionales (ODEPRI)
Ministerio del Ambiente y los
Recursos Naturales Renovables
Apartado 6623
Caracas 1010-A


Venezuela









- 84 -


XIV. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON AGRO-FORESTRY SYSTEMS


A. Main Activities

1982-83

Three consultants and three national institutions collected and
organized the existing information of agro-forestry systems in 18
countries of the region. The results of this study were published
in a book entitled "Sistemas Agroforestales en America Latina y el
Caribe".

1984-85

A round table was held in Colombia on agro-forestry development
with the participation of specialists from 13 countries.

As a follow-up of this first round table, a second one was held for
the Central American countries, which was attended by technicians
from six countries.

In 1985, a study tour was organized for technicians from six
countries to acquire field knowledge on agro-forestry operations in
Brazil. Technical exchange activities were also organized in
Central America and Panama.

A third round table was organized in Colombia to discuss the status
of research and design of statistics on the subject.

1986-87

In April 1986, the network was formally established, with the
official participation of 9 countries. At present, 15 countries
integrate the network.

One technician from Colombia visited Brazil to see the agro-
forestry trials being carried out by CPATU in the area.

In collaboration with the "Corporacion Nacional Forestal" (CONAF)
of Chile, a video entitled "Project for the Integrated Development
of Small Rural Communities through Agro-Forestry Cultivations", was
prepared.

In collaboration with the "Centro Nacional de Pesquisa de
Florestas" EMBRAPA/IBDF, a Workshop on Statistical Design and
Economic Evaluation on Agro-Forestry Trials, was held in Curitiba,
Brazil. Technicians from 10 countries participated in this event.









- 85 -


The publication of the Network Circular Letter was initiated.

1988-89

A workshop on agro-forestry systems was held in Valdivia, Chile,
with the participation of specialists from 5 countries.

In Cali, Colombia, a workshop was organized on phytosanitary and
abiotic aspects in agro-foretry systems, with the participation of
experts from 7 countries.

In 1989, a workshop was held in Nicaragua to exchange experiences
on agro-forestry systems at the level of small and medium-scale
producers, with the participation of specialists from 7 countries.

A round table on application of agro-forestry systems in watershed
management was held in Bolivia, in collaboration with the Technical
Cooperation Network on Watershed Management.

Publication of 3 issues of the Circular Letter.


B. Coordination

Regional Coordination

Corporaci6n Nacional de Investigacion y
Fomento Forestal (CONIF)
Calle 84 N 20-05
Apartado Aereo 091676
Bogota, COLOMBIA

FAO, Responsible Regional Officer

FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile

Coordination at the National Level

Argentina Instituto Forestal Nacional (IFONA)
Pueyrredon 2446
1119 Buenos Aires

Bolivia Centro de Desarrollo Forestal (CDF)
La Paz









- 86 -


Brazil



Chile



Colombia




Costa Rica



Cuba


Dominican
Republic


Ecuador



El Salvador


Guatemala




Honduras




Mexico


Centro Nacional Pesquisas Florestales (CNPF)
EMBRAPA/IBDF
Curitiba

Corporacion Nacional Forestal (CONAF)
Avda. Bulnes 285
Santiago

Corporaci6n Nacional de Investigacion y
Fomento Forestal (CONIF)
Calle 84 N0 20-05
Bogota

Direccion General Forestal
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
San Jose

Institute de Investigaciones Forestales
La Habana

Subsecretaria de Recursos Naturales
Secretaria de Estado de Agricultura
Santo Domingo

Direccion Nacional Forestal
Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganaderia
Quito

Centro de Recursos Naturales (CENREN)
San Salvador

Direcci6n General de Bosques y
Vida Silvestre (DIGEBOS)
7a Avenida 6-80, Zona 13 01013
Ciudad de Guatemala

Departamento Forestal, Pesca y
Medio Ambiente
Ministerio de Planificacion
Tegucigalpa

Direccion General de Normatividad Forestal
Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos
Hidraulicos (SARH)
Ciudad de Mexico









- 87 -


Nicaragua



Panama




Peru



Uruguay


Venezuela


* Direcci6n General de Recursos
Naturales y del Ambiente (DIRENA)
Managua

Institute Nacional de Recursos Naturales
Renovables (INRENARE)
Apartado 2016
Paraiso, Correg. de Ancon

Institute Nacional Forestal y de Fauna
(INFOR)
Lima

Institute Nacional de Colonizacion
Montevideo

Compafia Nacional de Reforestacion
(CONARE)
Caracas









- 88 -


XV. TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON DENDROENERGY


A. Main Activities

1984-85

A round-table was organized in Chile with the participation of
specialists from eight countries. It was agreed to develop
activities through two focal points: Mexico for traditional
technology and Argentina for modern technology.

As follow-up, two round-tables on the above-mentioned subjects were
held in Mexico and Argentina.

In 1985, a study tour to Brazil was organized in order to learn
from the experiences of the "Instituto de Pesquisas Tecnologicas de
Sao Paulo" and various industries applying advanced technology.

Technicians from Central America and Mexico visited Peru to examine
extension experiences in community forestry activities.

Three technicians from Uruguay visited forestry plantations grown
for energetic purposes in Brazil.

1986-87

The Network was formally established in April 1986 with the
official participation of 9 countries.

An in-service training course for Latin American technicians was
carried out at the "Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia Industrial",
(INTI) of Argentina.

-In collaboration with the "Instituto de Recursos Naturales
Renovables", (INRENARE) of Panama; a Round Table on Dendroenergy
was held with participants from 12 countries. Besides discussions
on technical matters, suggestions were made for the programme of
activities of the network in the 1987-88 biennium.

In 1987, in-service training on possibilities of replacing fossil
fuel with wood or vegetable coal was provided in Costa Rica to
technicians from 5 Central American countries.

A workshop on generation of electricity in plants that use wood or
charcoal as fuel, was organized in Brazil.








- 89 -


In-service training on dendroenergy for technicians from 8
countries was provided by the INTI, Argentina.

The Network Circular Letter continued being published.

1988-89

-, In 1989, a workshop was held in Mexico on operation and benefits of
wood gasifiers for rural development, with the participation of
technicians from 6 countries.

One issue of the Circular Letter was published.


B. Coordination

Regional Coordination

Institute Nacional de Tecnologia Industrial (INTI)
Leandro N. Alem 1067 piso 5
1001 Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA

FAO, Responsible Regional Officer

FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile

Coordination at the National Level


Argentina



Chile



Costa Rica


Dominican
Republic


Institute Nacional de Tecnologia Industrial (INTI)
Leandro N. Alem 1067 piso 5
1001, Buenos Aires

Corporaci6n Nacional Forestal (CONAF)
Avda. Bulnes 285
Santiago

Ministerio de Industria, Energia y Minas
San Jose


Institute Superior de Agricultura
Apartado 1166
Santiago de los Caballeros
Santo Domingo









- 90 -


El Salvador




Guatemala



Honduras







Mexico




Nicaragua


Panama






Peru


Uruguay


Comision Ejecutiva Hidroelectrica
del Rio Lempa (CEL)
El Salvador


Institute Nacional Forestal
(INAFOR)
Ciudad de Guatemala

CONSUPLANE
Tegucigalpa

Secretaria de Recursos Naturales
Apartado Postal 309
Tegucigalpa

Direccion General de Normatividad Forestal
Secretaria de Agricultura y Recursos
Hidraulicos, (SARH)
Ciudad de Mexico

Direcci6n General de Recursos Naturales
y del Ambiente (DIRENA)
Managua


Institute Nacional de Recursos
Naturales Renovables
(INRENARE)
Apartado 2016
Paraiso, Ancon

Consejo Nacional de Energia
Lima

Ministerio de Industria y Energia
Montevideo









- 91 -


XVI. SUBREGIONAL TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON UTILIZATION OF NATURAL
RESOURCES IN THE SEMI-ARID CHACO REGION


A. Main Activities

The Network was created in November 1979 in Itapua/Paraguay, and
started operating in May 1981. The main activities of this Network
refer to exchange of experiences in agricultural experimental
stations, development projects as well as information and documents on
the subject.

1982-83

A workshop on deforestation carried out in Argentina was attended
by 40 technicians from Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay.

Forty technicians from Paraguay received in situ training on land
use planning from an Argentine expert.

Two Argentine experts trained 15 Bolivian specialists in irrigation
techniques.

Forty technicians from Bolivia and Paraguay received in-service
training in Argentina.

An Argentine expert provided technical advice in Bolivia.

1984-85

In-service training on rain water collection was given to 35
technicians from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay and
Peru.

In 1985, in-service training on tilling techniques in semi-arid
zones was given in Argentina to specialists from four countries.

A technician from INTA/Argentina provided technical assistance on
agrometeorology to Chile.

The publication of the Network Circular Letter was initiated in
1985.

1986-87

A workshop on deforestation and habilitation of lands in semi-arid
zones of the Chaco was held in Argentina with 13 participants from
Argentina; 4 from Bolivia and 4 from Paraguay.









- 92 -


- Active technical exchange was organized: two Bolivian professionals
visited an experimental station in the Argentine Chaco region; five
Argentine professionals visited development locations in the
Paraguayan Chaco; one Argentine professional visited a programme in
Bolivia; and four Paraguayan professionals visited another
experimental station in the Argentine Chaco region.

- The preparation of a video-cassette on minimum tillage in the semi-
arid Chaco region and a manual on deforestation of semi-arid lands
was initiated.

- Collaboration was provided to FAO Headquarters in a meeting on
minimum tillage in the semi-arid Chaco region, held in Buenos
Aires, with the participation of 30 professionals from Argentina,
Bolivia and Paraguay.

- In 1987, a workshop on use of natural resources in the semi-arid
Chaco region was held in Paraguay, with the participation of 27
technicians from Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay and one from
Chile.

- The publication of the Circular Letter of the Network continued.

1988-89

- A Workshop on "Fodder crops and crops suitable for the Semi-Arid
Chaco Region" was held in La Rioja, Argentina, aimed at university
technicians.

- In 1989, a training course on Conservation and Management of
Natural Resources in the Semi-Arid Chaco Region, was organized in
Argentina with the participation of 30 technicians from 3 member
countries.

- The following exchange visits were carried out:

Visit of a specialist in soils management from INTA, Argentina,
to central Chaco in Paraguay.

Visit of a technician from Bolivia (CORGAPAI) to the INTA station
in Santiago del Estero.

Visit of a technician from the "Comision Nacional de Desarrollo
Regional Integrado del Chaco de Paraguay" to the INIA stations in
Salta and Santiago del Estero.

Visit of a specialist in agro-forestry management of the "Centro
de Estudios Ecol6gicos del Chaco", Argentina, to PROVISA in
Bolivia.









- 93 -


Visit of a technician from Bolivia to the Microbiology Institute
of INTA, for training i selection of Rhizobium strains.

Four manuals on soils management in semi-arid zones and 6 issues of
the Network Circular Letter were published.


B. Coordination

Regional Coordination


Departamento de Edafologia
Centro de Investigaciones de Recursos Naturales
(INTA)
Casilla de Correo 25
1712 Castelar
Provincia de Buenos Aires, ARGENTINA


FAO, Responsible Regional Officer

Mr. Matlas Prieto-Celi
FAO Regional Office
Avda. Santa Maria 6700
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile

Coordination at the National Level


Argentina







Bolivia




Paraguay


Departamento de Edafologia
Centro de Investigaciones de Recursos Naturales
(INTA)
Casilla de Correo 25
1712 Castelar
Provincia de Buenos Aires

Proyecto Villamonto Sachapera
(PROVISA)
Casilla 1136
Tarija

Comision Nacional de Desarrollo
Regional Integrado del Chaco
Ministerio de Defensa Nacional
Avda. Mariscal L6pez y Vicepresidente Sanchez
Asuncion








- 94 -


XVII. CARIBBEAN TECHNICAL COOPERATION NETWORK ON AGRO-INDUSTRIAL
DEVELOPMENT


A. Main Activities

1982-83

A consultant prepared an overall assessment of the situation of
small and medium agro-industries in the sub-region.

1984-85

A subregional workshop was held in Jamaica on small and medium
agro-industries in which it was agreed to establish the Technical
Cooperation Network on Agro-industrial Development in the English-
speaking Caribbean Countries (CAIDEN).

In support to the work of the network, a TCP project on processing
of agricultural products at the farm and community level, hosted by
the Government of Jamaica, was approved.

In 1985,-with the support of the above-mentioned project, a first
training course on basic technical elements of food processing was
held in Jamaica, with the participation of 11 technicians who made
presentations on the agroindustrial situation in their countries.

Also in Jamaica, a second practical training course on food
processing was held, with the participation of 12 technicians from
the different member countries. Participants made demonstrations
on processing techniques developed in their respective countries.

Based on the information gathered at the first course, a text on
basic food processing techniques was published.

1986-87

The Regional Coordinator of the CAIDEN Network visited Colombia to
examine possibilities of cooperation between the Caribbean and
Latin America, to accelerate agro-industrial development.

Based on material gathered at the second course held in 1985, a
text on applied technologies for food processing was published and
a video-cassette on the subject was prepared and distributed.

Two volumes of practical guidelines for food processing in small
industries were prepared and the publication of the Network
Circular Letter was initiated.




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