Title: Southern poultry and small stock
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 Material Information
Title: Southern poultry and small stock
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: F.M. Clutter
Place of Publication: Orlando, Fla.
Publication Date: February 1940
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00091572
Volume ID: VID00016
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Full Text





Southern T oultr

With which is combined the

-Yort6a S

Published Monthh
Agricultural
SA CLUTTER

Vol. VI' ORLANDO, FLA

a.


P an Small Stock

Georgia Poultry Quarterly and

'unnyfiel&b

y in the Interest of
Development
PUBLICATION


., FEBRUARY, 1940


No. 5


4 11 111 I I I 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 11 0 1I 1 4 I II II II 1 1 0 I1


OUR FIELD:
Florida, Georgia, South Caro-
lina, Alabama and Mississippi.

F. M. Clutter, Editor-Publisher.
Subscription
United States-1 year _.$ .25
United States-5 years -.. 1.00
Foreign Countries-i year .50
Make remittance by check,
money order, cash or stamps
(not larger than 3c denomina-
tion.)


The market receipts of dressed
poultry were greatly increased to take
care of the holiday demand. The into-
storage movement for poultry at the
26 major storing cities on November
25, were six percent larger than at
the same time in 1938. Supplies of
poultry duirng the remainder of 1939
and early 1940 will continue larger
than in the corresponding peirod of
the 1938-39 marketing season.
Receipts of eggs have about reached
their low point. The out-of-storage
movement of shell eggs during the past
two months has been materially above
that of the corresponding two months
of last year. As a result, stocks of
shell eggs at 26 cities on November 25
were only one percent above a year
earlier as compared with ten percent
above on September 16. The out-of-
storage movement of frozen eggs has
been about equal to that of last year.
Feed costs in relation to egg prices
continue above a year earlier and the
10 year average. During the first half
of 1939.
Prices received by farmers for
chickens and eggs are following their
usual seasonal movements, but on
November 15 they continued well be-
low both a year earlier and the 1928-37
November average. The effect of larg-
er supplies on prices during the first
half of 1940 will be at least partly
offset by the effect of larger consum-
er incomes as compared with the same
period in 1939. The farm price of tur-
keys on November 15 was about one
per cent below the price on, November
15, 1938.
The seasonal increase in the num-
ber of layers per farm flock from Aug-
ust 1 to November 1 was greater in
1939 than either last year's or the 19-
28-37 average increase. Laying flocks
on November 1 were four percent larg-
er than a year earlier and the largest
for November 1 since 1930.
As a result of the expected less
favorable feed-egg ratio, hatching in.
1940 may be smaller than in 1939.-
Summary released January 12, by the
the U. S. Department of Agriculture.


The Agricultural Department at
Washington predicts a record turkey
crop of 31,957,000 head this year.

The largest money making crop in
and about Sarasota is celery. Scores
of carloads leave daily for the north-
ern markets. At one of the co-opera-
tive farms with 1,000 acres under
cultivation, will ship on the average
of 15 carloads daily.

According to the study and report
given by the Mortgage Bankers Asso-
ciation of America with an estimate
based upon data submitted by mem-
bers in 64 leading cities and in 31
states, the average city house this year
to build is at a cost of 10 per cent
more than last year.

Animal lovers are starting a cru-
sade to abolish the use of the horse
in warfare. And in "Punch" they
say "all we need is that lovers of
men should start a crusade against
war".

According to reports from the vari-
ous Chambers of Commerce the great-
est number of Florida visitors into
the state is the highest in years. From
various sources who contact those com-
ing into the state give the same ry-
ports. And each year Florida offers
more for the sight-seer!

Recent formation of the Northeast
Florida Poultry Improvement Associa-
tion is reported by Frank M. Dennis,
assistant Duval county agent and poul-
try specialist. All poultry breeders
who are cooperating with the national
poultry improvement plan in Duval,
Baker, Clay, Nassau, and St. Johns
counties are members of the organi-
zation.
The new organization will cooperate
with the Duval County Poultry Pro-
ducers Association in staging a state
wide egg and baby chick show here
March 5-8, inclusive. The show is be-
ing planned to have a special appeal to
consumers.


'This season of the year the minds
of many in Florida react to express-
ions such as the Orange Festival in
Winter Haven, the Gaspiralla in
Tampa, and then moving day comes
along with some of our northern visi-
tors making plans and leaving for
their respective homes, long too early.
It is a good idea to remind these who
start homeward along the first of
March and April they had better pro-
long their stay until at least the "legal-
ly known, moving day" which is May
first; however this does not imply that
all folk move on that day.
Speaking of moving, the idea of
moving objects in the home is an in-
teresting habit. If the things surrond-
us are never rearranged we begin, to
form routine habits. Our daily moves
become mechanical and uninteresting
and our ambitions remain almost dor-
mant. It is good to get a "jolt"
sometimes by changing the furniture
and create a different scene in the
home. It is really astounding how much
interest is aroused. And especially so
if the bed is moved to the opposite
side of the room and pa is "asleep at
the switch" when the phone rings and
he makes haste to answer, and in do-
ing so bumps into the closet door. But
laying all jokes aside an occasional
change in arrangement in the home
surroundings is enjoyed, not only by
the family but by the friends who visit
in the home.
We all like vacations principally
for a change of scene.
After we have seen a certain pic-
ture seldom do we wish to see it again.
We seek variety. So it is with the
change in our homes. The husband and
children coming in later in the day
may look somewhat bewildered for a
moment and then a smile will play
over their lips and all in a flash they
voice their approval.--M.O.C.

The Forest Service estimates that
790,000 persons passed through the
Ocala forest in the year 1939, of which
112,000 visited the forest sightseeing
hunting, fishing and other recreation.


1


.--I






For ouhen outy ndSmllStc


Cotton Versus Hens a

By E. F. Stanton endar flocks", 6r average records sent
Sup r F a N l Eg in each month by poultry keepers over
Supervisor lorida National Egg the state, indicate an average of 171
Laying Contest eggs per hen. When figured on this
basis the labor income on 200 hens in
Florida would be $454.00. The gross
A income on 15 acers of cotton, which
N interesting debate on the was the acreage considered in, our de-
above subject was held at the Annual bate, was $300.00, and it was admit-
Farmer's Institute, Camp Timpoochee ted by those who know that at least
in West Florida. One of the men. in one-half of this would be off set by
charge of extension work in Florida expenses. In other words, there would
asked me to hunt up what data I easily be $300.00 more labor income
could in favor of the hens, and after in a year from 200 hens than from 15
going to considerable trouble along acres of cotton.
this line, I feel that it might be a good Another set of figures which we
idea to give a little more publicity to found showed that 30 cents per hour
the matter, was the labor income on a number of
Some of the most conclusve data was Florida poultry farms. A very sur-
obtained from a bulletin, put out by prising insight into labor income on
the state of South Carolina in 1938 an, average Florida far was given by
comparing 100 hens with five acres a survey made on 51 farms n Okaloosa
of cotton. They gave 948 records on and Walton counties. On these farms
poultry flocks over a 10-year period, cotton was the main income, averag-
These records showed a gross income ing -$245.00 per farm. These farms
per year per 100 hen, including sale showed an actual labor income for
of broilers and cull hens, of $473.00. the operator of only $112.00 per year.
For the same period they figured 4698 A,.e know that there were not many
cotton records which showed a gross hens kept, as the total livestock pro-
income of five acres of $422.14. This ducts sold only amounted to $35.00
gave a difference in favor of the hens per year. One dozen hens could have
of $50.86. At the same time it is shown done better than that.
that the poultry records weer based On 12 poutlry farms near Jack'son-
on the whole poultry flock, while the vile a summary was made over a three
cotton records were usually on the best years' period. The average labor in-
five acres on the farms considered. come on 900 hens was $964.00. This is
They do not give any costs in the above addition to products used at home. An-
comparison, but it was stated that it other set f figures gave an average
was questionable if the cotton would rate for man labor of $563.00 on an
give as high a labor income as poul- average of 570 birds on 60 poultry
try. They did bring out the fact that farms.
the yearly labor income per hen dur- Some estimates received from the
ing the 10-year period was $1.65. This state of Mississippi showed a net val-
was left after fed costs, brooding costs, ue of $9.20 per acre on cotton. This
five percent depreciation on. buildings, would be $13.00 for 15 acres, or bare-
six percent interest on money invest- ly one-half the gross income shown
ed, and all other costs, except labor, for Florida. Several points in favor
were deducted from the gross income. of the poultry side of the argument
It was not possible to get this informa- can be given as follows:
tion from the cotton records.
One interesting thing about these 1. Poultry uses labor straight
South Carolina records was the tab-tthrough the year-cotton only part of
ulation which showed a labor income the time, and when it can be truth-
per hen in. heavy breed flocks of $1.90, fully said that the poultry labor is
as compared to $1.45 for light breeds. profitable, it adds weight to this point.
It was also shown that the major por- The cotton farmer must hunt other
tion of income, especially in light work during the off season.
breeds was derived from the sale of 2. Cotton makes land poorer each
eggs and that feed costs make up about year, even, with commercial fertilizers
80 percent of the cost of keeping added-hens help build up land ferti-
chickens, exclusive of labor. lity.
Interpreting the South Carolina fig- 3. The income from cotton comes
ures for Florida we find that South only once during the year, and then.
Calolina averaged 572 pounds of lint is usually due someone for fertilizer,
cotton per acre on the farms consid- seeds, etc., needed to grow the crop-
ered. The average for Florida is 150 the income from hens stretches out
pounds of lint cotton per acre. In over the whole year with something
South Carolina the hens averaged 142 coming in practically every week,
eggs per bird, w h i 1 e averages thereby taking care of small purchases
shown by records kept in the Universi- which every farmer has to make.
ty of Florida on what they call "cal- 4. Chickens and eggs are very nu-


tritious, and should be used more ex-
tenssively on, most all farms.
5. Poultry combines well with cows,
adn a combination of the two will
certainly mean more profit to the
average farmer in the south.
6. Two hundred take one acre of
land or less, as against 15 acres, which
is always required for 15 acres of of
cotton.
7. The extra 14 acres of land could
be used very profitable for many other
crops, each of which would bring in a
better income than, cotton. A good pas-
ture for cows or hogs would be a bet-
ter venture than cotton.
8. One point brought out in the de-
bate was the fact the cotton farmers
were getting a certain amount of
money from the government to help
out their income from cotton. We were
glad to state in this case that the poul-
try farmer was able to support him-
self.
9. The clinching argument on the
whole matter is the fact that in 1938
ninety million bales of cotton were pro-
duced in the world, and the demand
for cotton is about forty-eight million
bales per year. Why try to produce
twice as much of any product as we
have demand for? Better change over
to the production of chickens and eggs,
which are always in demand at a very
good price.


4-H Poultry and Egg Show

Plans for the annual 4-H Club Poul-
try and Egg Show and Judging Con-
test to be held in cooperation with the
Central Florida Exposition, Orlando
February 19-24 are now being com-
pleted, according to D. F. Sowell, poul-
try specialist with the State Agricul-
tural Extension, Sevrice.
Exhibits of eggs and poultry will be
displayed by 4-H club boys and grls
from various counties in the state dur-
ing the exposition. Counties to be re-
presented by three-member teams in
the judging contest to be held on Sat-
urday, February 24, include Alachua,
Lake, Marion, Orange, Brevard, Dade,
Baker, Suwannee, Columbia, Pasco,
Seminole, Hillsborough, and Levy.
The winning team in the judging
contest will be awarded a trip to the
National Club Congerss in Chicago
next December to compete with other
winning teams from over the country
in the National 4-H Poultry Judging
Contest
The 4-H poultry and egg exhibits
and the judging contest have attracted
a great deal of attention in past years,
and this year's dispaly and contest are
expected to be more complete and
interesting than ever before.

New Smyrna Beach is one of the
24 Florida cities entitled to a new
post office building.


Four


Southern Poultry and Small Stock






and loria Snnyfeld, Feruay, 140.Five


Leg Weakness of .Chicks


By L. L. RUSOFF
With Florida State Experimental Sta-
tion, Gainesville.


C HICKS given succulent green feed,
good roughage and whole grain, wheat
and milk by-products-and fish liver
oil if they do not get plenty of sun-
shine-will seldom suffer from leg
weakness, according to L. L. Rusoff,
animal nutrition research worker with
the State Experiment Station.
The various types of leg weakness
in chicks are caused by a deficiency of
some essential nutritional substance
in the ration and these can, be avoided
by giving them feed containing ma-
terials that have been found neces-
sary, Mr. Rusoff explained.
Polyneuritis, in which the nerves
are affected and the chick is unable
to stand and lose control of its mus-
cles, is caused by a lack of vitamin
B-Oe. Whole grain, cereal and their
byproducts are best natural sources
of tihs vitamin,
"Crazy chick" disease, in which the
chick looks drunk and runs backwards
or sideways to maintain balance, re-
sults from a deficiency of vitamin
B-Four. A change in ration, espe-
cially the ceral portion, will prevent
this condition.
Lack of vitamin A, richest sources


The galax leaves used so extensi-
vely in the season's decorations are
surrounded with human interest.
When the frost is on. the pumpkin,
mountaineers begin their "galack-
ing". Before the break of day, entire
families with lunch in hand and a
sack over their shoulders disappear
away into the forests to bring back
to their cabins these galax leaves;
where they assort them into bundles
and deliver them to evergreen, com-
panies who weave them into various
designed wreaths.
The pickers get from 25 cents to


of which are fish liver oil, green feed,
and yellow corn, causes a leg weak-
ness characterized by a zig-zag, unr
steady gait.
Rickets in chicks, as in humans, is
caused by a deficiency of vitamin D,
the bone-building vitamin. Bones of
the chick fail to harden and it walks
stiff-legged, its bones weaken and
finally become bowed. In, severe cases,
the chick's legs cannot bear its bodily
weight. Practically all rations a've de-
ficient in this vitamin, which is known,
as the "sunshine" vitamin, but direct
sunshine in Florida will provide
enough of it to prevent rickets-if the
chicks are exposed to the sun. If
chicks are kept indoors, a good quality
fish liver oil should be given them to
insure normal bone formation.
Other leg weaknesses of chicks re-
sulting from deficiency of necessary
vitamins include nutritional leg paral-
ysis or "curly toe," clacked and tender
feet, and slipped tendon. Nutritional
leg paralysis, Mr. Rusoff explained,
is due to vitamin G deficency and
may be avoided by feeding milk and
milk byproducts and alfalfa. Cracked
and tender feet may be prevented by
feeding milk and alfalfa. Slipped
tendon results from lack of manr
ganese in. the ration and may be pre-
vented by feeding rice bran, wheat
germ, wheat bran, or oats, which are
rich sources of manganese.


30 cents a thousand for the plants
when they are packed in bundles of
25. An expert picker able to locate
good beds can pick and assemble ap-
proximately 7,000 in a day. These ga-
lax leaves are found in quantities on-
ly in. North Carolina and Virginia.

Printing-Get our prices on hat-
ch.ery records, letter heads and envel-
opes and all commercial printing.
Two color work a specialty. Submit
your wants and samples for lowest
prices. Clutter Publications, Orlando.





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HICHOLgDO

FOUNDATION LEGHORN MALES

DOUBLE 300 EGG PEDIGREE.

Your own selection at the Farm. Delivery March 14.

GEO. E. NICHOLSON

BOX 562 -PINE CASTLE, FLA.

---------------------------------------- ---- -------------------- -


and Florida Sunnyfields, February, 1940.


Five


RABBITS for Sale!


New Zealand Reds and

Whites, heavyweight

Havanas, Chinchillas


J. L. STROSNIDER,
Route 8 Mt. Washington, Ohio



BIRDS Various Breeds
My CANARIES include Rollers, Chop-
pers, Cinnamons, Golden Operas,
Nightingales and Pure White.
Approximately 100 birds from which to
select, Males and Females.
MRS. D. B. FULLER
810 Michigan Avenue, Orlando, Fla.


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Complete set of Five Mint Air-
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in honor of Will Rogers. Only 5
cents to approval applicants. ._
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VINCENNES, INDIANNA





Six E Southern PoulLry and Small Stock


The Charm of Florida Bird Life


By ALDEN H. HADLEY

Lecturer on Wild Life and Con-

servation.


I SOMETIMES wonder whether
the people of Florida are suffi-
ciently appreciative of the tre-
mendous value to the state of the
wild life resources. Florida, from
the very first, has occupied a unique
place among the states of the Union
by reason of her many attractions,
and among these none has been more
prominent in, the mind of the public
than the rich and varied flora and
fauna.
From the earliest days, when Wil-
liams and John, Bartram came to
Florida, on down to the present time,
Florida has been a Mecca for natura-
lists, both professional and amateur.
Moreover, to many thousands of win-
ter visitors, the bird life is an at-
traction that looms large in any ap-
praisal of the state's natural resour-
ces, and its absence would represent
a distinct loss to countless numbers
of visitors. What would be the end-
less, gleaming surflines without their
strings of brown pelicans winging
their way with military precision,
over the combing breakers? And
what would be our innumerable lakes,
lagoons and marshes without the
stately and picturesque herons, egrets I
and ibises?
A. H. Howell, in his splendid and
authoritative treatise, "Florida Bird
Life," lists 423 kinds of birds as oc-
curring in Florida. Of these 362 are
distinct species and 62 are described I
as sub-species, or geographic races.
This last means that Florida by rea-
on of her special or peculiar environ-
ment conditions, over a very long
period of time, has caused certain
birds to become modified in, one way
or another. So we have a Florida
bob-white, a Florida wren, a Florida
screech owl, a Florida crane, and
other forms which have undergone
changes by long residence in this par-
ticular region.
I suppose that no group of birds
is of more interest to the casual win-
ter visitor than the various members
of the heron family. These birds, by
reason of their size and statuesque
appearance are among the first to
attract the notice of even the most
casual observer. A marsh or savanna,
flecked with the snow-white forms of
egrets, always presents a picture
that should be pleasing even to the
most indifferent. Florida is especial-
ly rich in these so-called marsh birds.
The most stately and exquisitely
beautiful of them all is the American


egret. As is well-known, years ago
this species was almost exterminated
Sby the plume-hunters, but today, by
reason of years of protection afford-
ed by wardens in the employ of the
National Audubon, Association, these
picturesque birds have increased
amazingly and, generally througlj-
out the southland, are reasonably
safe from persecution.
The snowy egret, a lesser relative,
is also a splendid attraction about
the marshes and lakes of most parts
of the state. It too was formerly
slaughtered in countless numbers in
the old days of the plumage trade.
Other members of this group of birds
which are commonly distributed over
the state are the little blue, Louisi-
ana, and the black-crowned and yel-
low-crowned night herons. It remains
to mention the largest and most
stately of all the members of this
family, the great white heron of the
Florida Keys. This magnificent bird
for many years has been subjected
to constant persecution by the natives
along the Keys until a few years ago
it was discovered that its numbers
had almost reached the vanishing
point. The Audubon Association em-


played wardens to insure its protec-
tion, and recently President Roose-
velt, by Executive Act, has created
a sanctuary within the limits of its
range.
Among other marsh or water birds
that add charm to a Florida land-
scape is the white ibis, often called
"curlew" by the natives. Now and
then congregations of these birds
may be seen performing a series of
amazingly beautiful aerial evolutions
over lakes or marshes, at the conclu-
sion of which the entire flock will
drop out of the sky, describing in its
descent a slight curve, and the air
rushing past multitudes of wings
sounding like a gale through a leaf-
less winter wood.
The most unique and colorful of
all Florida marsh or water-loving
birds is the roseate spoonbill. Under
constant protection of Audubon war-
dens it probably numbers less than
300 within the limits of its restricted
range in extreme South Florida.
Of the birds thus far mentioned all
occur within other states of our
southeast with the exception of the
great white heron and the roseate
spoonbill. The former occurs only in
Florida while the latter is found in
both Louisiana and Texas.
No account of Florida bird life
would be complete without mention
of that strange and weird member
of the nightjar family, the chuck-
wills-widow. Of summer nights
throughout most of the southland
the woodlands and copses resound
with the eerie calls of this bird. It is
distinctively a bird of the southland.
Mocking birds and cardinals are
at their best and find their most con-
genial home within the limits of our
southern states although both birds
range well north even now and then
to New England.
All these birds, whether egret,
pelican or cardinal, add an interest
and charm to our southland which
nothing else could replace.

Please mention this magazine when
writing advertisers.


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s


I,






and lorda unnyiels, ebrary,194. 8x I


Don't Shoot Quail <


I WANT to present this subject
again in time to save at least a
few of the old bob whites of our
boyhood days- the English partridge
and quail today. There will soon be
many hunters roaming our praries
r.nd woodlands in search of game. If
you are not careful of your coveys
there will be many
S> quail carried a-
A way in the capa-
' : cious pockets of
S../.. the hunter instead
r'.- of being free to
v. 'dart under a
\- grass clump at
suspicious a p-
proach or sing
their opmistic song, "Bob White, is
your wheat ripe? No, not quite."
Some of our states have quail pro-
tection and some have this bird on the
song bird list thereby protecting them
against the hunter. But there are
many states where the farmer must
himself, protect any bird or animal
on his farm and the quail should be
one of these by all means. Refuse to
allow your coveys of quail to be shot
at and stand by your objection.
In one instance I know of, the farm-
er was informed by the young hunters
that "All wild game were their m at
without any interference from any-
one." Well, this farmer acted very
decisively and the hunters left at once.
Left to himself the poor little quail


has plenty of enimies aside from the
gun. Snakes, hawks, dogs, and stray
cats get dozens each year.
No one bird is more useful to the
farmer than. is the quail. He is "death"
to the Colorado beetle, the potato bug,
and worms.
Quails are prolific breeders. Gener-
ally there are eighteen eggs in the
nest under some immense clump of
grass in early spring. Snakes are the
worse enemy of the very young quail
and as a nest robber. Last May I saw
a mother quail followed by sixteen
babies and I knew they had been
hatched near by. Later I saw the same
bird and she had five young quail
with her. Others had been lost.
If there were no open season on
quail, for say three years the coveys
might come into their own again.
Once on accidently killing a sitting
quail, I found in her craw 42 small
worms. 14 Colorado beetles (young)
many flies (cattle stingers) and many
weed seeds. So you may see her value
as an insect destroyer. Boys, the
quails will help you more in getting
potato bugs than a man can get in a
full day. They love the baby bugs and
the yellow eggs on the underside of
the leaves. Just scatter a little grain
in the patch until the covey learns
what is waiting for them and you're
fixed for free helpers against bugs.
Don't let hunters shoot your quail.
I'm sending this plea for a gentle,


H. and H. PHEASANTRY
IMPORTEit and BREEDERi of

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Mailing address: 902 Victoria Ave., Los Angeles, Calif.
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harmless, little bob white that can-
not plead for himself. Instead, build
some loose piles of brush in a warm
sheltered place where these birds may
hibernate, and then throw feed there
ever so often,. It's so little to do and
you will reap a big reward. Next
spring your covey of quail will be fat,
disease resistant and ready for good
breeding and full nests of eggs and
young birds. Boys, make up your
minds to do this thing this winter.-
Reprint from Dumb Animals.

The U. S. bureau of plant indus-
try warns that many of our wild
flowers will be extinct in 25 or 50
years unless measures are taken to
conserve and increase then..

Separating the cockerels from the
pullets gives the latter a better
chance at the fee( hoppers. Cock-
erels usually grow faster and get
more than their share at the
feeders


MAGAZINES--BOOKS
All kinds listed. State your
interests
All-Pets Magazine 75 to 100 pages,
$1.00 yearly, 15 cents copy.
The Karakul Fur Sheep Breeder $1.00.
10c a copy.
Bantam Culture 24 to 30 pages,
50 cents yearly.
Rabbit Monthly (commercial) 50
cents.
Southern Poultry and Small Stock with
Poultry Tribune, one year 60 cents.
The CAVY book, illustrated, 30 cents.
RATS and MICE for PLEASURE
and PROFIT, illustrated, 30 cents.
Picturesque Southland, monthly magazine
well-written, illustrated southern arti-
cles. Fifteen months $1.00.
Circulars, Catalogue Free

Couch Magazine Agency
ITHACA, N. Y.




RAISE PHEASANTS
FOR
PLEASURE OR PROFIT

Send Three-cent Stamp
for Pamphlet

Rainbow Farm Pheasantry
Barrington, Illinois


and Morida Sunnyfields, February. 1940.


J


Sovnll


American Bee Journal






Eight Southern Poultry and Small Stock


~-------------- .---- ---------------

CAVY DEPARTMENT
This department is under the direction of, and by the offices of the
National Cavy Federation. The S.P. and S.S. Editor is not responsible for
their views or writtings appearing herein.
-------------------------------------- -------------- ---------------


An Open Letter to

All Cavy Breeders

Dear Friend Cavy Breeder:-
You are all urged to read this as
though it wer addressed to you per-
sonally, like you would a letter that
comes to you by first class mail. It is
YOUR letter.
As a cavy breeder, you and all who
are interested in cavies, have some
mighty perplexing problems facing
you. Naming but a few we can list
the surplus of cavies, especially the
inferior and cheaper grade, the pro-
blem of developing a better quality
cavy, the elimination of the racketeer,
huckster and chiseler, elimination of
unfair competition, lack of standard
prices, lack of understanding all
around, riding ourselves of all that is
undesireable to a desirable and legit-
imate business. Last but not least,
comes the unitng of all cavy breeders
into one sound organization, working
for the common, cause of all and the
establishment of good-will and co-op-
eration among the breeders through
out the nation.
Before all else should come the ne-
cessity of uniting, working together as
a unit to accomplish fair play, good-
will in the business. We must unite to
get anywhere. What can be said to
impress that fact upon, your mind?
Why be content to let things go on as
they are, letting a certain chque gath-
er in, all the honey while you are
left 'holding the bees and getting stung
to boot. Every breeder, large, small
and indiffeernt should join the ONE
outstanding Cavy Federation in Am-
erica. No other organization has run
a continuous battle on behalf of the
breeder such as N. C. F. has. N. C. F.
battles against all the necessary
evils that mar and blemish the entire
cavy field. At times because of lack of
support, lack of interest of breeders
in the business and in their own genr
eral welfare, the battle has been
hard, uphill fight, carried on by one
man, to re-establish prestige, honor
and respect to the cavy business. Yet,
the harder he fights for some of you
breeders, the harder you work, per-
haps unwittingly, to build up opposi-
tion. by an attitued of aloofness, silence,
unconcern or perhaps mislead by false
whisperings. Get on the bandwagon
to a better cavy business by joining
N. C. F. now. Your membership alone
will add moral support to our battle
for all that is good and jpst.
There is today, a certain publisher,
who is taking it upon himself, to or-


ganize a cavy organization in direct
opposition to ours, the publisher will
strongly deny that the hidden reason
for this movement is the fact that N.
C.F. would not permit him to assume
dictatorial powers in our organiza-
tion. The N.C.F. would not permit
him to command all its members to
buy their printing needs from him.
He thus had hopped to monopolize the
cavy printing business. So the gentle-
man in mind, decided to start an or-
gaization of his own. He has named
himself as president and various mem-
bers of him family to other offices. He
will no doubt recieve the backing of
the very element that is undesireable
to the cavy business. He boldly de-
clares that members of his outfit will
do thus and so at his command. This
amounts to "Heil Hitler" and "Vive
Duce" tactics. Who wants a dictator
to assume control of the cavy busi-
ness. Such dictatorial practices
are an insult to all cavy breeders com-
mon sense. It is a direct inference
that cavy breeders haven't enough
sense to run their own business with-
out an overload or mastermind to tell
them what they should and should
not do, especially at one man's com-
mand.
News has just reached me that
the publisher referred to above, once
made the statement that he, "didn't
know the difference between a cavy
and a chipmunk." And this, friends,
is the man who would have you follow
him and his organization, and permit
hm to be your dictator. The present
officers of N.C.F. do know the differ-
ence between a cavy and a chipmunk
and between quality and inferior
stock. You are the judge, you must
decided which way you want to go.
Follow one group and you will be rais-
ing chipmunks as cavies, follow the
other and you will be raising quality
cavies with a capital Q.
The N.C.F. does not boss the breeder.
It has no dictatorial aims. It is work-
ing for YOUR benefit and the good
of all who believe in fair play and
co-operation, with a fair profit for all.
It is endeavoring to help YOU help
YOURSELF.
You don't want a dictator. You
don't want an organization to dictate
commander and bulldoze you around
as though you were too ignorant to
think for yourself.' The N.C.F. is a
democratic organization, allowing all
members the right to express his or
her opinion if they will but take the
initiative to use that prerogative. It
is open to all constructive suggestions
and criticisms the members care to
make. We urge members to use their


voice, and they have done so in re-
moving some undesireable elements
from the association. We do not dic-
tate, but we endeavor to make helpful
suggestions. We try to solve your pro-
blems and to point the right way out.
We campagin against the evils in the
cavy-field today and try to abolish
them once and for all.
If our members use letterheads and
other printed matter, we merely sug-
gest they use the pharse, "Member,
National Cavy Federation" somewhere
on them. We suggest, but do not conr
mand nor compel a member to do so.
We are not organized to sell printing
to you. The use of the phrase adds
prestige to a members business. We
have no flashy, gaudy emblem, that
perhaps would blind you to the evils


ATTENTION, Poetry Lovers!
New Books
You Should Not Missl


HOLD OFF THE SUN .................. $1.25
by Kathleen M. Richardson
THIS TRANSIENT HOUR ............ $1.50
by William V. Sielled
WILD MAD ACRES ........................ $1.50
by Lotton Rogers Pitts
SELFWARD JOURNEY ............ $1.50
by Dorothy R. Byard
Order early
to get first editions
JOHN H. HARVEY
314 Swan Street DUNKIRK, N. Y.


Genuine Red Cedar Nesting
We manufacture Genuine Red Ced L
Nesting and offer same as follows:
One bale $1.00
Three bales 2.00
Cedar keeps away Lice and Mites.
We have Genuine Red Cedar Dog Bed-
ding, and offer same as follows:
25 Ib. bales $1.00
50 lb. bales 1.50
100 Ib. bales 2.75
All of these are Bargain Prices.
It's worth a lot more.

EXCELSIOR MILLS CORP'TION
Box 3236 Jacksonville, Florida.



RAISE RABBITS--MAKE MONEY
We furnish breeding stock at low
cost and contract for all you raise.

Make $100.00 Month and More

Write for free literature and
Our Plan to Sucess
I. W. Taylor Rabbit Co. Inc
"The South's Leading Rabbitry"
3338 Lang Ave., Hapeville, Ga.


Eight


Southern Poultry and Small Stock





and Florida Sunnyfields, February, 1940. Nine


of a dictatorship. We do not compel you
to make your letterheads gaudy affairs
by the use of an emblem. The state-
ment of the fact of membership in
N.C.F. is sufficient trade mark to inr
form anyone that you believe in fair
play, fair prices and all that is good
and just. N. C. F. needs no flashy em-
blem to attract attention. The name
itself is a mark of quality.
Now to the elimination of the racke-
teer, junk peddler and jockeys. How
can they be wiped out? The first big
step is the systematic use of the Regis-
tration of breeders. The second is
boycott. It is regretable that the pick-
et system won't work in, this business.
If a concern or individual hoodwinks
you, co-operate by making the deal
public. Don't hide it. Refuse writing
letters of recommendation for them,
better to condemn than recommend.
Don't be scared of the bullying tactics,
for their bark is worse than their bite.
Call their bulff. Defy them, date
them and they will backdown, in a
hurry.
The question of surplus will not be
settled in a hurry. It will not be set-
tled in a week, a month, nor perhaps
a year's time. It is a problem that
wll take time and whole hearted co-
operation. The best way to prevent
further excesses in the present sur-
plus is by cutting down on the breed-
ing schedule. In some cases a com-
plete shut-down on breeding is advisa-
b e. You don't reduce a surplus by
producing more. We really need a
Fairy god-mother or an Uncle Sam
to pay us to plow every other one un-
der, or to pay us for those we don't
raise. That would be an ideal setup.
But having neither in our case, we
must unite and organize into one big
club, get our heads together, and at-
tack this problem, as well as all other
problems of the day, in a sound, sensi-
ble way. It is the aim. of N.C.F. to
solve these problems and others that
may arise from time to time. But it
will take whole hearted co-operation
from all of you for us to accomplish
lasting good. You are urged to join
today, get in and fight for better
things all around. United we can
fight, divided we fall by the wayside
to become victims of the leeches, who
would drain you of all your profits
and the cavies of quality, to fatten
their own purses and well being.
Don't be a stander by and a do-nothing.
Sincerely yours,
John H. Harvey, President,
National Cavy Federation.
314 Swan Street Dunkirk, N. Y.


Saanen Milk Goats

The Big White Swiss reed
Buff Orpington Poultry

Capensis Goat Dairy
S. F. Matthews, Owner, Homestead, Fla.


Much of the success of next year's
table-egg producing flock depends
upon the way in which the young
pullets are being grown this sum-
mer. Future layers must be pro-
tected against adverse conditions
during the warm summer months.
A much too common fault among
poultrymen is to crowd the pullets.
Constant and too close contactQ tend
to injure the health of developing
pullets and increase the risks L.
disease.
It is recom rnended that pullets be
divided into colonies or flocks for
handling on summer ranges or field.
Sixty pullets make a desirable unit
and is the number which can be
taken care of economically and
efficiently in one standardized col-
lapsible summer shelter. These
shelters are light in weight and can
be easily moved from place to
place over the range. This means
that each colony of pullets can be


-0



i-
.. ... .* *L

I '




Lee County Ala. 4H Club boys and
their projects. 1-Jack Earnest, Beula
club, with 'his flock of New Hampshire
pullets. 2-Hugh Bedden, Bleecker club


givenl not" only ample space or area
over which to roam, but also fresh,
clean ground throughout the season.
Each colony should be handled
as a separate unit and supplied with
its own water troughs or fountains
and its own mash and grain hop-
pers. Five such units can be ef-
ficiently managed on each acre of
range, particularly if the range is
covered with some green, growing
crop, such as gra;s or alfalfa. In
this way, each acre of range will
accommodate 300 grown pullets to
advantage. Such an arrangement
will obviate overcrowding and mini-
mize disease problems.
It may seem, during the early
summer season, that the shelters
could easily accommodate more
than 60 pullets, but as the weeks
advance the fast growing pullets
will soon use the available space
and prove 11;e wisdom of having
allo\,d tr amount.


..r. 4




ii
2-


jr'


and his D&PL 11 cotton acre which
produced 1200 lbs. seed cotton. 3-
Gordon Jackson,, Smith's Station club,
and a part of his Leghorn flock, from
which he realized a profit of $454.43.







Ten Southern Poultry and Small Stock


Marcia Oral Chimes In-


CINCE early childhood a clock al-
ways has held its share of curiosity
and interest stored away in, my mind.
The first I recall was the grandfa-
ther's clock which belonged to the
"folk next door". As a child I
thoroughly enjoyed calling upon, the
lady, a friend of my mother's, and
sit by the hour with one eye on a pic-
ture book, and the other screwed on,
the grandfather's clock. My mother
told of how I always wiped my shoes
with a handkerchief before entering,
and when her friend invited me to
sit on the floor, I would ask if her
carpet was clean. How I wished for
a grandfather's clock. On Saturday
night when, daddy would bring the
usual bag of candy for we children,
I often would ask, "why don't you
bring me a grandfather's clock? One
clock he did bring was a cuckoo, and
this I did like much-"Listen to the
birdies sing".
When living in New York City I
recall an old watch and clock maker
in a tiny shop. The windows were
filled with quaint and curious clocks
and watches. My nose was flattened
against the window pane many a
time eager to see what it was all
about, for others found interest there
also. He was called the "Wizard
Wall Street", and he not only collect-
ed all kinds of clocks but he had a
hobby for making interesting and un-
usual designs. He had one of an old
man, in a painted background. The
man was dressed in peasant clothing
with a plumed hat in one hand, and
he held a small clock in the other.
This was to depict a clock peddler.
As the clock would tick the old man's
head turned from one side to the
other.
He had a large collection, of watch-
es which had been made in centu-
ries gone. Watches when the kings
and other so privileged had these in-
tricate works. Some of them were
the clumsy affairs, and others the
delicate, thin time pieces of the day.
"The Clock of Time" turns but
once, and I wonder? For the days in,
which I enjoyed the ramble down
this way has gone on, into years.
'This man was not young, for the
wrinkles which come often with age
played noticeably about his face and
forehead.
The clock made for the United
States naval observatory is described
as the nearest perfect time keeper
in the world. It regulates all official
clocks and also signals the daily
broadcasts over the government ra-
dio stations. They claim it will not
lose more than, one second in five or
six years. It operates on a slender
bar of crystal quartz a few inches


long which is suspended with very
slender threads in an, air chamber
with temperature never varying
within a few hunndredths of a speci-
fied degree.
The clock on Independence Hall
must never stop. On the longest re-
pair job some time ago, (if memory
serves correctly) it required eight
hours. One man was employed to
push the hands of the timepiece every
minute, while another man hammer-
ed out the hours on the great bell
which was to replace the cracked
and historic Liberty bell.
Of course now all folk do not need
to wind a clock-for there's the elec-
trified clocks. There is a Mr. War-
ren who first worked out this idea
in a little red barn up in a New Eng-
land state. He organized a company
with a very modern plant.
'Then there is Mose who surely
must have an alarm clock. Rastus
said to him, "Mose what's de mattah
wid you, yo' ain't actin lak yo' self".
To which Mose replied, "ah's got in-
somnia, ah keeps wakin' up ev'y two
or three days."
* *
My eyes fell upon a success story
of a donkey making its debut in the
M-G-M studios in Hollywood. So with
this came the memories of girlhood
while living in; a suburb, and society
editor on the county seat weekly.
The mail sex seemed to enjoy lining
up along the walk Sunday evenings
and await his opportunity to choose
and ask permission to accompany some
fair sex to her home. This really was
not only amusing, but ridiculous to
see our school boy friends in such a
"drill". Consquently I undertook to
write them up, and giving them the
title-"donkey club", mentioning that
they would meet as usual all along the
walk just around the corner, next
Sunday evening immediately after
church services.
As the incident would be, this young
damsel had for an escort a young chap
(home from college for the holidays)
and from a near by city. When we
started on our leisure stroll-the "don-
keys" how they did bray. Well, I ex-
pect my face was red! The young man
became quite frustrated and interested
to know how these home boys had
learned of the purchase his father had
made, having shiped to his large ranch
three very fine mules. Needless to say
the mystery was solved when the pa-
per I produced.

Recently I saw two little chaps,
each with a toy pistol. I said, address-
ing the older one, "sonny you are a
nice looking little boy, but what are
you doing with that pistol?" He


pointed it directly at me, and said,
"shooting people". Then took to his
heels.
If ever I wanted to crusade it was
then, by taking a hatchet and start
at the dime stores; but not being in-
terested in a jail cell and prefering
not to enter the movies, I decided to
remain seated in the car.
Why do parents encourage their
children to grow up with the gloat
of blood. If they would only conduct
their purchases in humane lines and
help to banish the toys of war and
murder.
It is interesting to note that the
humane society in Jacksonville urged
parents not to give children firearms
for Christmas.

This month added to my museum
collection is an interesting memento
sent from Bombay, India. A letter
with the enclosure left there on Nov-
ember 8, and after censorship Was
received here on January 18. The
sender, is a soldier 25 years of age,
born. in London, England; his parents
were killed in Fance in 1917, his fa-
ther a Cavalry officer, and his mother
also in service driving an ambulance.
The boy writes me that he is awaiting
orders to be called to France, and if
he comes out of it all in one piece, I
may see him.

Just a smilin' and thinking' of girl-
hood days when we used quince seed
juice, and some times sugar and wa-
ter to make a "beau catcher". Then
when we combed our hair, it was tru-
ly starched. I was the guest of a
friend whom I knew had a bottle of
"juice". I proceeded to "starch" my
straight locks, when they immediate-
ly turned white and stiff. Calling for
help, I learned the "juice" "was
freckle remover.
*
It won't surprise me to have some
one say that our kitchen, is a "para-
dise for a grafter". I have learned
how to have angle food cake each week
and not break a dozen eggs for that
purpose to get the whites. Knowing
that the whites have no food value,
I serve only the yolks and "tuck" the
whites away in the refrigerator until
along about Friday, when there is a
sufficient amount of whites to supply
the angle food. Now comes a friend
from the north and informs me that
the egg is poisonous when served with-
out the full combination! So-o-O!
the cake which I had pronounced the
cheapest of all cakes, since it requires
no butter, and no milk, perhaps will
be considered a luxury!

A dinner table without a floral dec-
oration has a decidedly unfinished ap-
pearance. Even a bit of greenery will
brighten up a table and its occupants






and lorda ufnyiels, ebrary.194. 51.1aveon


wonderfully in the winter and will
also give one a relish for the plainest
meals.
There seems to be a steady increase
of interest in floriculture; this is
due to the increased intelligence and
refinement of people. Every home
should have plants and flowers in
and around, and a genuine love of
flowers should be instilled in the
young. They should be taught the
mysteries and marvels of nature as
illustrated in all plant life.
Many a soul has been born into the
kingdom of God through the revela-
tion He has made of Himself in the
world of nature.

Don't Forget to-
Forget the slander you have heard,
Forget the hasty unkind word,
Forget the quarrel and the cause,
Forget the whole affair, because-
Forgetting is the only way.
Forget the trial you have had,
Forget the weather if it's bad,
Forget the knocker, he's a freak,
Forget him seven, days a week;
Forget you're not a millionaire,
Forget the gray lines in you hair;
Forget the coffee when it's cold,
Forget to knock, forget to scold,
Forget to even get the BLUES,
But don't forget to SUBSCRIBE to
SOUTHERN IOULTRY and SMALL
STOCK for the NEWS.


Moist Feed Aid to Production

Rclationshlps between prices for'
eggs and prices for feed call for
all the skill that can be used in
poultry feeding on farms.
Moist-mash feeding of pullets dur-
ing cold months is one aid to pro-
duction. The usual practice of many
successful poultry producers is to
moisten some of the regular laying
mash with milk. Amounts fed are
never large, only about what the
flock will eat in five or ten minutes.
Exact hour of day for moist-mash
feeding is probably immaterial.
However, the one thing to keep in
mind is that it pays to feed the
moist-mash at a time when not too
many hens are on the nest. All
birds in the flock should have a
chance to get some of the mash.
By beating a few pounds of dry
wheat bran. taking care not to burn
it, cod liver can be added rather
easily. This concentrated mixture
may then be included in the mash
mixture. One quart of oil to each
100 pounds of mash is a common
recommendation.
Shelled corn and four gallons of
skim milk a day for each 100 hens
with alfalfa hay fed in racks woula
make a fairly good production ra-
tion to be supplemented by the
moist-mash.


INFERTILE EGGS FROM FLOCKS
Wnile a poultrymanr cannot arway-
be sure that every egg selected from
his breeding stock will hatch, he
can achieve greater economy in
chick production by taking steps to
reduce the number of infertile eggs
produced by his breeding flock.
There are several factors which
result in infertility of hatching eggs.
One is an inherently selective ten-
dency on the part of certain male
S"-rds. Poultrymen should watch
breeding males to make sure they
are active and non-selective as
breeders.
Over-use of males is another res-
son why some eggs are iif2trtile.
Sometimes too many hens are al-
lowed per male or else the lreedin!,
males are not given a rest p3r'o
during spring. One way to avoel
this is to remove the breed'rng rnaes
for two days after they have been
running with the hens for three or
four days. Another way is to have
alternate lots c/ breeding males, us-
ing one lot for a week and resting
the other during that week, but this
method cannot be used where pedi-
gree breeding is being done.
When the weather is cold male
birds stand around inactive and use-
less. This can he avoided by re-
moving choice males from the
breeding pens in the late afternoon,
keeping them in protected quarters
for the night and returning them
to the pens the following day.
When these suggestions and other
schemes which may occur to the
experienced poultry breeder are
properly worked into the manage-
ment of the breeding flock, a consid-
erable increase in the percentage of
egg fertility can be brought about.
Fertility is probably affected only
in a small part by inherited charac-
teristics. One of the most important
steps is keeping the breeding males
healthy strong, vigorous, well fed
and not over-used during the spring
season. Allow only one male for
every 10 hens at the most. This often
involves having more males than
one may have planned for. but an
extra male bird or -o may more
than mak!e up for the cost by the
increased fertility obtained.


During the winter nens cannot
keep up a high egg production un-
less they are properly managed,
according to C. F. Parrish, exten-
sion poultryman at North Carolina
State college. Feeding, he points
out, is perhaps the most important
item. No hen can be expected to
do her best unless fed the proper
grains, mashes, and green feeds.
Then the poultryman must pay
strict attention to the housing prob-
lem. Poorly constructed and drafty
houses are not conducive to high
egg production. The houses must
be comfortable or the birds will suf-
fer and a consequent decline in the
number of eggs will be noted.
Inferior birds should be culled
from the flock. These poor produc-
ers, if allowed to remain, will bring
the average of the flock down
sharply.

When writing to advertisers
please mention Southern Poultry
and Small Stock.


Attractive Brochures!

Me and Pa In Florida in an attrac-
tive cover, and with 48 pages of
delightful reading and illustra-
tions. There are authentic facts
of 62 towns, and humor.
Me and Pa's Florida Farm with
42 pages. This gives much data
relative to vegetation. Humor also
runs through the lines.
Dog Tails Wag True Tales 42
pages. Very attractive and a book
the adult will thoroughly enjoy
and also the youth. True stories
and facts, as told by the author's
collie Sunbeam.
Price 15 cents, two for 25 cents
postpaid.
Also these brochures come in
50-cent editions-these are popular
gift brochures
Address the author

Marcia Oral Clutter
ORLANDO, -- FLORIDA


The Standard of P
Indispensable To All Breeders And
Judges of Standard-Bred Poultry
Published by the American Poultry Association and the only rec-
ognized authority. Followed by all judges in all poultry shows in
the U. S. and Canada and by all successful breeders. Describes the
requirements for shape and color of every section of every variety
of Standard-bred fowls, turkeys, ducks, geese and bantams.
More Than 200 Illustrations of Perfect (or Standard)
Specimens, Perfect and Defective Sections, Feathers, Etc. /
Contains instructions to Judges: complete list of disqualifications; 15-
page glossary of technical terlis with 41 drawings of perfect and defective
combs, backs, tails, color patterns, etc.: discounts for defects, ete. Study
this book and ko the quality and value of your fowls. 00 pages.
Postpaid. In cloth $2.50; leather, $3.50. Address
AMERICAN POULTRY ASS'N, -OT WAYNEA
INDIANA


erfection


and Florida Sunnyfields, Februiary, 1040.


ElAven






Twelve Southern Poultry and Small Stock


TheBrownLeghorn

By V. M. COUCH
Recognized Authority on Various
Farm Industries, Ithaca, N. Y.


I OR the fancier Who is looking
for a fascinating study, I believe there
is no breed that offers a better oppor-
tunity than the Brown Leghorn. A
well bred Brown Leghorn is a beauti-
ful bird and one that always attracts
much attention in the show room.
They require no washing of the plum-
age which would ruin the lustre, and
they may be left on the range until
nearly time for exhibiting, then if
given porper handling and trained,
they will be in fine shape for the show
room.
The Brown Leghorn seems to have
lost out in popularity as a utility breed.
In looking over the New England
states egg laying contests, the White
Leghorn and Rhode Island Reds lead
in. numbers, not a Brown Leghorn
entered, while forty or fifty years ago
it was a very popular egg breed. The
White Leghorns have been transplant-
ed and entered into nearly every egg
laying contest in the country and have
always made a good record, while the
breeders of Brown, Leghorns seem to
have become more interested in breed-
ing for the fancy.
There is not a question but that the
Brown Leghorns can be bred to lay
just as large and white eggs as the


White Leghorns and just as many of
them. As they are bred now some
strains do not produce as large or as
' white an egg as some of the other,va-
rities of Leghorns, but this is no fault
of the bred.
My experience with the Brown Leg-
horn has been, that when they are pro-
perly bred and handled, are the most
vigorous variety of any of the Leghorn
family. Of course, commercial poul-
try rasers are not in favor of the
dark colored pin, feathers showing
when dressed for market. However,
they have an advantage when raised
on the farm range, as the chickens
are nearly the same color as young
quail, a color that blends in with its
surroundings, and are not as easily
noticed and picked up by crows and
hawks. The Brown Leghorn was first
choice in poultry when I commenced
breeding sixty years ago.

A "hen language" of nine
"words," all essential to her "so-
cial life," was described by Dr.
David Katz, formerly professor of
psychology at Rostock university
in Germany, when he lectured to a
child-audience at the Royal Society
of Arts in London. Dr. Katz said
scientists have found that hens
have one "word" for danger, an-
other to brow-beat a rival, and a
third to encourage her family to
feed. In addition, they have a
song of triumph to sing over a new-
laid egg, and the cocks have an-
other song which they sing at
dawn.


--------------------------- i


Baby Chicks

... Double 306-309, Pedigree Sire S. C. W. L.
Chicks, W. B. D. tested, no reactors. Also Double 300-309 egg Dam
and Sire Pedigree Chicks.


GEO. E. NICHOLSON


BOX 562


PINE CASTLE, FLA.


SUBSCRIPTION COUPON

Here's the 25 cents for one years) subscription to S.P. and S.S. I will
(Dollar for five years')
You can send four subscriptions at 25 cents each, and receive your
own paper tree.

Name -....---------------- ------------ ---Date ..--------- .....19

Street or Rfd. ........_....-----..---------- -- -------

City .-..-...--.-.---.----- -- State


Classified Advertisements

Pigeons for Sale-Storng, Florida
raised birds are year round producers.
Racing Homers: Mated pairs or single,
beautiful birds and good flyers. Par-
lor Tumblers, great performers. Large
White Kings, producers of large
plump squabs. Mated pairs only. If
you want good birds give me a trial
order. Prices are right. All birds
guaranteed. M. L. Root, Rfd. Box 415,
Lake Worth, Fla.
For Sale-Buff Orpingtons-200 to
273 egg records. Stock, eggs and baby
chicks for sale. Mrs. Amos Bostick,
Box 121, Rotan Texas.
For Sale-Finest heavy weight
.Flemish Giant rabbits, mature and
young for sale. Reasonable prices.
Write today: Steve Meluck, 637 Sum-
mit Avenue, Monessen, Pa.
For Sale-English cavies pure bred,
solid and broken colors. Laboratory
and breeding stock. C. & M. Rabbitry,
330. E. Fayette Street, Celina, Ohio.
For sale-Buff Orpingtons-200 egg
records. Stock, eggs and baby chicks
for sale. Mrs. Anna Bostick, Box 121,
Rotan, Texas.
For sale-Rocks and Minerals.
Write Wheeler, Boswell, New Mexico.
TRAPPERS' SUPPLY CATALOG
FREE Listing traps, snares, pack-
baskets, snowshoes, skis, canoes, ani-
mal lures, ingredients, Anti-Freeze
Compound, Fear Eliminator, etc. In-
formation about big photo contest in
catalog. Free trapping methods if
you mention this magazine. E. J.
DAILEY, OGDENSBURG, N. Y.

SQUAB PLANTS Season's Surplus
Twenty Carno for $20.00.
Bred from Show Birds, mostly Whites
and Splashes, including a few Reds,
Yellows and Blacks, both sexes, two
months to two years of age. Branded
N.P.A., Blood lines of fast producers
of pound and over Squabs. Adolph
Besche, 5704 Roland, Ave., Baltimore,
Md.
From the Bradenton Herald we
learned that thousands of ducks in
groups of hundreds were strung along
the Manatee river for nearly a mile.
People witnessed the spectacle, but
the species of ducks were not known.
At any rate they were safe, as hunt-
ing is not permitted in that section.


$2,500 a Year
and better raising PET STOCK.
Folders 10 cents.
DEEDIE'S PET SHOP
488 BROADWAY, NEWARK, N. J.
...................... IIII II II )It II II ..... .... ..... ......... .... ..... .... ..... .. ..... .... ..... .... ..... .... ....


Twelve


Southern Poultry and Small Stock






and F'oridri Sunnvrields Februiary. 1940Tire


Southeastern Rabbit

Breeders' Association


At a regular meeting of the South-
eastern Rabbit Club (Georgia) re-
cently held, the annual election took
place and the following were elected
to office for 1940:
President, C. A. Stone, 138 Lyle
Ave., College Park; vice-president, R.
H. Dominick, 129 Clearmont, East
Point; secretary-treasurer, I. W. Tay-
lor, 3338 Lang avenue, Hapeville; Di-
rectors, S. L. Webster, 1072 Shelby
Place S. E., Atlanta; B. N. Anderson,
468 Grant street, Atlanta; P.O. Gar-
mon, 863 Vera street S. E., Atlanta;
Douglas Peace, 914 W. Cambridge,
College Park; E. M. Bradley, 718
Brownwood S. E., Atlanta.
The Southeastern Club covers Rab-
bits and Guinea Pigs, as well as other
small animals and pets. For informa-
tion on raising or caring for rabbits,
guinea pigs, or other small animals,
write any of the above officers. For
information on canaries, love birds,
wild game etc., write Vice-President
Dominick.
Every household should keep a few
rabits for fresh meat, for the table.
Most delicious meat you can, eat. Costs
little to raise, easy to care for.

We were pleased indeed to have a
caller this month in the person of
Geo. E. Nicholson of the Nicholson
Poultry Ranch, Pine Castle. Mr. Nich.
olsonhad just returned from the Vet-
erons' Hospital, St. Petersburg, where
he was under treatment for several
months. During his absence the plant
was under the careful and success-
ful management of his wife.


INTERNATIONAL
Poultry Guide
for
FLOCK SELECTION
Profi.LF.Payne,H.M.Scott
HERE IS the book every
Spersonraisingpoultryfor
profit has been wanting.
Anofficial guide on pro-
duction bred poultry. It
takes the guess work out of
culling and flock selection-sets
a definite guide for you to follow-one that leads to
better flocks and better profits. Let this book tell you-
*HIOW TO GET: Better hatching eggs--Better
baby chicks Less losses on producing ben
-Earlier feathering strains.
SHOW TO PREVENT. Small eggs-
Crooked breasts-Bare backed
broilers, etc., etc.
ODESCRIBESI All Important
breeds--How to select pro-
duction flocks-How an egg Is
formed, etc., etc.
Let this book show the way to bet-
ter results-larger profits for you.
Getyour copy now-it will pay for
Itself many timo ever-yet the
edot iV ry low.
International Baby Chick Association
Kansas City, Missouri


DR.W. M. LYNN

VETERINARIAN
Phone 7312
1009 N. Magnolia Ave. ORLANDO


JIM PIERCE
Breeder and Exhibitor of
BLUE KINGS EXCLUSIVELY
Winners in All Large Shows.
FEW FOR SALE AT ALL TIMES!
P.O. BOX 5206 .. MEMPHIS, TENN
NPA * AKC


Quality Squab Breeders
150 pairs French Gros Mondians $2.00
to $2.50 pair.
50 pairs Homers $1.50 pair.
These are 1936-37-38 birds and all
guaranteed breeders.

T. P. GRAY & Son
SISTERVILLE, W. VA

Novelty Costume

Sterling SILVER Jewelry
In INDIAN TYPE.

OLIVER Manufacturing Co.
231 E. 4TH ST. LOS ANGELES, CALIF.


SQUAB BREEDING

WHITE KINGS
EXCELLENT PRODUCERS
Mated Pairs $3.50; 3 Pairs.$10.00
1939 N.P A. Banded Youngsters
$1.00 Each, $11.00 per Dozen
SATISFACTION GUARANTEED

Paul L. Coogler, Jr.,
CHESTER, S. C.
............................. ............ ........~ ~~.~ ~ .... .....~ ~ ~ ..........~,,,~,,,,


No. 35 Feeding & Raising Cavies with
out Greens
No. 40 Ten Methods for Hutching
Cavies
No. 50 Wintering Cavies
No. 55 Cavy Diseases and Their Treat
ment
No. 60 Cavy Experts-Cavy Humbugs-
Every Breeder a Salesman


Salt Additions Desirable
Good chicks have been grown with
rations that did not contain any
common salt (sodium chloride) ad-
dition. Rations that carried as much
as 5 per cent of common salt ap-
pear to be mildly injurious. It is
true, says the Wisconsin Agr-&d-
turist, that generous supplies of
chlorine are needed to make hydro-
chloric acid in the stomach which
aids in protein digestion. The re-
sults secured seem to show quite
definitely that it is well to add from
one-half to one pound of salt to each
hundred pounds of chick mash.




U. S. FLORIDA
Approved












POINSETTIA

We hatch several breeds, but
specialize on New Hamp-
shires. Nothing Finer will
be found at any price. State
Pu loru m-tested for many
years. Hatchings twice
weekly.


HATCHERY

PINE CASTLE, FLORIDA


No. 65 Figurng the Costs
No. 70 Caring For Baby Pheasants
No. 75 The Racing Homer
No. 80 Self Cleaning Hutches
No. 85 Mice Housing-Feeding-Breeding
No. 94 Dog Feeding Formula

Pirce 25 cents each. Five for $1.00.


Deedie's Pet Shop, 486 Broadway, Newark, N.J.


BULLETINS FOR BREEDERS


Thirteen


ann ~nrirlrr Sunnvfi~!lds.RPhrnnrv. la~n






Fourteen Southern Poultry and Small Stock

In Washington the Merchant Ma- apprentice seamen, training station. The Nash hotel in Miami has com-
irne Committee recommended to the The city of St. Petersburg has donat- pleted a dining room at the costs of
House legislation authorizing the Ma- ed the land valued at $40,000. The $10,000. The interior decoration enr
ritime Commission to acquire a 10- buildings which the commission plan tirely in blue with blue mirrors and
acre tract at St. Petersburg for its to erect will cost $750,000. marine murals in blue on the walls.


History of Nicholson's Leghorns

In 1925 I bought 15 large two-year-old Tom Barren
hens for home use; 1929 decided to enter poultry business,
had five hens left (age six years) wonderful layers;
bought a large cockerel and mated them.
Trapped 1929-1932.
From October 1, 1929 to 1933 trapped every hen and
pullet on farm. No hen was kept that didn't lay 20 eggs
per month as a pullet.
First Year's Breeding Progress
February 1, 1930 selected six largest pullets with
highest trap-nest record and large egg size 24-30 ounces
per dozen. Purchased two-year-old male, full brother of
the one used in 1929.(Never have I mated cockerels with
pullets.)
More Production Improvement
In 1931 bought ten large five-year-old pedigreed hens.
Trapped them, No. 97 weight 6 pounds, laid 177 eggs, 25-
27 ounces per dozen. Some eggs for sixth laying year!
Line Breeding
From 1933 through 1936, one of No. 97's son was mat-
ed with three to five five-yeai or older hens. November 15
molters, their first and second molts. These produced all
my individually pedigreed cockerels for pen matings. (I
never flock mate.)
1933 a Disappointment
In 1933 bought 300 baby chicks (breeder highly recom-
mended for high egg production). All this improvement
was not for selling baby chicks, only for my commercial
laying flock. I raised 175 large pullets, but these were a
disappointment. I nearly went broke, they did not lay
enough eggs to pay their feed, much less support my fami-
ly. Males were of no use to me, as I never use the brothers
of hens that do not produce well. (I progeny test). Every
bird raised that year went to the market. Next year I
raised my own stock again.
Disappointed Again
In 1935 I bought pedigreed chicks (breeders adver-
tised large birds and heavy egg production of large eggs).
Another disappointment-they laid eggs-yes, plenty of
them-BUT small, runty pullets 3 to 3Y pounds. Cock-
erels 4 to 5 pounds. My pullets MUST weight 4 to 5%
pounds and cockerels 6 to 7y pounds. Couldn't use them
for breeders.
1936 W. B. D. 1940
Started W. B. D. testing all breeders in. 1936, have
blood tested them every year since, only in January tested
every breeder on farm with no reactors.
Tom Barron Strain
In 1937 I bought a large male which was hatched on
Tom Barron's poultry farm in England. This bird weighed
8% pounds at one year of age. His blood is now in many
of my finest layers.
1938 Double 300 Eggs Stock
February 28, 1938 I bought individually wing banded
baby chicks, doubled 300-309 egg pedigree. Both sire and
dams from two well-known breeders-one in Michigan,
other in Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania breeder's pullets
had not played an egg up to December 2, marketed all pul-
lets and cockerels. Michigan breeder's pullets were extra
good and commenced laying in June.
Trap-nest Record on Michigan Stock
Trapped July and August (hottest months) 1939. No.
83 weight 6 pounds, laid July 30 eggs. August-30 eggs,
46 days in succession; eggs averaged 25-27 ounces per
dozen. No. 97 weight 5 pounds, July-27 eggs, August-
28 egps; 25-27 ounces per dozen. No. 100 weight 54 pounds,
July-29 eggs, August-27 eggs, 29-30 ounces per dozen.
No. 61 weight 4/2 pounds, July-25 eggs, August-25 eggs,


26-27 ounces per dozen. Total 221 eggs, 4 pullets 62 days,
very high record.
More Famous Males
In 1939 I bought two, two-year-old J. A. Hanson's
males with pedigree papers showing their high producing
ancestry. Pedigreed males are a breeder's assurance of
quality stock every year.
Vitality! Production! Large Eggs!
My rule for breeding: Strong, large, vigorous males;
individually pedigreed from old vigorous, large hens with
a large egg size-heavy producers. The male in my view-
point is the most important bird in the breeder's flock-
you either improve or go backward. Use of one wrong male
takes years of correcting. My rule for insuring vitality
is: Males, when taken from brooder house as chicks, go
straight to a yard with only a tree for shade and roosting.
It takes a vigorous male to survive the hot summer, nasty
itll and cold winter months and live through it, (should
one become sick it is destroyed) without even a rain shel-
ter. For proof visit my farm and see for yourself.
This Year's Breeding Males
Two J. A. Hanson's two-year-old males, one of my
own pedigreed two-year old male; three, two-year old,
double 300-309 egg individually pedigreed males; 12 one-
year old cockerels nine of these are sons of No. 83; all dou-
ble 300 egg pedigreed. One male per yard mated with 15,
two to ten year old large hens. late molters. Only one pen
of 15, double 300 egg pedigreed, pullets 4% to 6 pounds
mated with two-year-old 309 egg sired male. As stated
before never pullet and cockerel matings.
New Way to Buy My Baby Chicks
I do not sell chicks, (only eggs) : If you prefer some
of my fine stock, simply send order for eggs, together with
cash for same, five weeks before chicks are wanted, and
I will pay hatchery to hatch-cull chicks-then ship to
you. Eggs set every Thursday, chicks shipped Friday.
Chicks of Best Breeding I Can Produce
No breeding pens reserved for my own use as some
other breeders do. Every chick you get will be exactly like
my own., they come from the same breeding pens. To aver-
age person, my prices may seem high, but to an experi-
enced poultryman who knows value of high-bred-stock, my
prices are extremely reasonable. Ask your county agent's ad-
vice as to prices and breeding on better poultry farms, and
compare them with mine.
Price List
50 eggs $7.00; 100 eggs $12.00 200 eggs $23.00; 360
eggs $39.60; 720 eggs, $72.00; divided in two hatches if
desired.
Extra Special Pedigree Chicks
Double 300 eggs pedigree-male and dams-double
above prices. Pen pedigreed, wing banded-limited num-
ber. These are for Florida poultrymen only-none sent out
of the state.
Quality Tells
The only way to ascertain what my pullets will do
for you is to try them this year. Raise them right and I
think you will be greatly pleased. Poorly reared pullets are
always a failure.
Service
If you decide to try my chicks, and wish my rearing
and feeding program which I have used successfully for
the past five years, just request it with your order. If at
any time you wish to call at my farm for information,
please do so. I can't give you any information on sick birds.
I don't treat them; I kill mine. Diseases are detrimental to
the success of the flock.
-adv.
Geo. E. Nicholson Poultry Farm


Box 562


Pine Castle, Florida







'id: Sunnyfi(


i ftoon


ssified Advertisements
PAY FOR TWO ADVERTISE /ENTS--GET THE THIRD FREE.
; ertisements for this department, without display type or illustrations,
-cepted at rate of 2 cents per word. Two initials or six figures one
word. Minimum charge 25 cents per insertion; cash with order on tran-
sient advertising. We reserve the right to decline any order. Copy of
S.P. and S.S containing advertisement will be mailed advertiser.


-'OUJLTRY
Champion Roundhead,
'~s old. These are
n:newy, proud
C. Gewalt,
.ureet, Jacksonville,


)r sale-Buff Orpingtons, the duo
t-gooo meat towl and good lay-
S. F. Matthews, Homestead, Fla.
PHEASANTS-GAME BIRDS
taise Pheasants-Pleasure or prof-
lend three-cent stamp for pam-
at. Rainbow Farm Pheasantry,
trrington, Illinois.
PIGEONS
or Sale-Belgian Racing Homers, all
Dlors, proven flyers, breeders and win-
srs. Also black English cavies of
quality. Prices reasonable. Richard
lohler, 914 Linden street, Burlington,
-wa.
CAVIES
SSale---English cavies, chocolate
N.C.F. registered stock. Also fine
nd broken colors; priced to sell.
I. Clark, Iberia, Mo.
-. r Sale-California's largest cavy
dealer offers limit: number laboratory
cavies. He also will let go few best
English imported. Robert W. Camp-
bell, 6414 Second avenue, Los Angeles,
California.
For Sale-English, Abyssinian,
leruvian cavies: white, black, cream,
silver, mixed 40 cents to $3. Mice-
black, chinchilla, circus, beaver, white
25 cents up. H. W. Palmer, Green-
ville, Ohio.
Bargain Sale--English cavies, famous
O'Kade strain. Murphy Caviary, 118
Branch street, Marlin, Texas.
For Sale-English cavies, all sizes
and colors. Write for prices. C. G.
Schryver, Lafargeville, N. Y.
For Sale-Breeder and exhibitor of
English cavies for breeding; for pets;
for laboratory. Carlton F. Thomas,
33 Hussey street, New Bedford, Mass.
For Sale-English cavies, fancy and
utility; young and breeders, Califor-
nia's largest and finest caviary.
Love's Caviary, 2029 Atlantic avenue,
Long Beach, Calif.
For Sale-English cavies, fancy and
utility stock. Frank M. Emerson,
Johnsburg, N. Y.
For Sale-Buy northern grown ca-
vies: Breeders and laboratory stock.


Solid and broken colors. Heavy, ma-
ture stock. Get our prices. Arthur
Spaulding, Box 207, Hartland, Maine.
For Sale-Guinea-pigs, breeders and
young stock at sensible prices. Order
from me and let me please you. Grace
Azbill, 121 Cambria Ct., Dayton, Ohio.
For Sale-Guinea pigs, plain or
fancy, solid or spotted. Write us your
needs. Monroe Street Caviary, Parry
& Mays, Proprietors, Brookfield, Mo.
For Sale-English cavies and bro-
ken colors. Breeders and young stock
for sale at decent prices. Sam Patrick,
Box 164, Campbelltown, Pa.
RABBITS
For Sale-Angora wool rabbits, pro-
duction stock direct from breeding
source. Moderately priced; personal
information furnished. Maurice B.
Sixby, (Pioneer Breeder) 94 Melrose
street, Buffalo, N. Y.
For Sale-Registered stock N. Z.
white, also N. Z. Reds; senior and
young for sale. Write today. Ethel
Dayton, Rushville, N. Y.
For Sale-New Zealand white
bucks, ready for service from prize
winning stock. Also younger stock.
Your business is solicited. Thos. J.
Parker, Franklin, Ohio.
DOGS
For Sale-Collies, Shepherds, Bull
Pups, mange medicine. Bob Tonn,
Dallas, Texas.
For Sale-Toy Fox Terrier pedi-
greed puppies, beautifully marked,
reasonably priced. Mrs. D. B. Fuller,
810 Michigan avenue, Orlando, Fla.
GOATS
AT STUD
The Pinebreeze Toggenburg Farm
offers at stud one of the most out-
standing bucks in the south. No kids
for sale at this time. Foundation stock
from the famous W. 1). Stambaugh
heid. Write for prices of registered
breeding stock, and kids in season.
B. I). Vaughan, Lecanto, Florida.
MISCELLANEOUS
Pet Stock---$2,500 a year and better
raising pet stock; folder 10c. Deedie's
Pet Shop, 486 Broadway, Newark, N.J.
FREE for the asking; sample copies
of clean publications, including Gos-
pel Tracts. Boyd's Distributing Ser-
vice, 845 West 95th St., Los Angeles,
Calif.


WHITE MICE
For Sale-White mice at 50 cents
each, male or female. Special price
to laboratories. Ed. Schwing, P. O.
Box 71, Harrison, Ohio.
LET'S SWAP
Cash for your swap articles; many
things wanted quickly. Cash in on
swap things! Information 25 certs.
Richard Markle, Haines, Oregon.
PLANTS
Cacti-Twelve blooming size cacti;
all different; labeled; $1.00 postpaid.
Westex Cactus Gardens, Box 624, Cis-
co, Texas.
Cactus Book-142 pages; 110 Cac-
tus in colors; 100 illustrations. Treats
all subjects, $1.00 Rainbow collection,
15 plants or 500 mixed seed, $1.00
Exchange for anything. Hummel's
Exotic Gardens, Inglewood. California.
QUARTZ and SHELLS
For Sale-Scientifically labelled
shells-25 colorful Cuban shells $1.00;
40 California shells $1.00. Catalogue
free. Sea Shell House, 1611 South
Elena, Redondo Beach, Calif.
For Sale-Rose Quartz and othel
Black Hill specimens, for rock gar-
dens, fire places, bird baths, etc.
Jewelry, beads, etc. from Rose Quartz.
Send stamp for price list. Scott's
Rose Quartz Co., Box 516, Custer;
South Dakota. (Wholesale and Retail.)
For Sale-Beautiful Abalone sheL
Jewelry and Novelties. Red, green,
yellow, black Abalone shells; 5 cents
to 25 cents each. Polished 50 cents
to $1.00 each. Mexican pearl shell,
white and thin pink 5 cents and 10
cents each. Shark teeth 5 cents and
10 cents each, F. O. B. Naylor, P. 0.
Dox 163, San Diego, Calif.
For Sale-Twenty-five specimens
for $1.00 (plus postage); beautiful
for display or gem cutting. Includes
Carnelian, Cloud, Ribbon, Moss, Moon-
stone, Red-Brown Jasper and. other
colored beach pebbles. Beautiful
coast glass floats-all sizes, 25 cents
up to $25.00 (plus postage). Helena
Jones, Florence, Oregon.

Get S.P. and S.S. prices on your
printing-we will save you money.

Make BIG money selling subscrip-
tions to Southern Poultry and Small
Stock, the oldest Florida magazine
published devoted to the several in-
dustries-poultry, pigeons, rabbits,
goats, etc. Address Subscription
Department, this publication.

uioEnroute to or from Bok Tower,
be sure and stop atMarcia's Museum,
four miles from Orlando postoffice,
Tampa Highway.


Fifteell


:y, 1940.




,Ii

NOW IS THE TIME TO ORDER YOURS!

SYLVAIN'S QUALITY CHICKS
Delay in ordering can gain you nothing. Prices are Right. Quality can't be Beat.
Your ORDER NOW will give you chicks when you wpnt them.
We HATCH en'ry chick that we cell, and every chick is hatched ii une of our Tiwo BBig Sr-.h Incubaiors
52.0oo, Eggs n Each Machine.
RESULTS: BIGGER CHICKS . BIGGER CHECKl. .'1
S ff'he Stc&as B ehind tSut Chicks: For 21 years in Tampa '.ve have- u....
Hat:hing and Raising from the Best Strains that money can bu,', and ha/e choice Flocks o-r ,..-.
Breeds in the south. You are sure of getting the high-quality start From chicks purchased here.
AI' Chicks Are from Blood Tested Flocks.
WE HAVE THE MOST MODERN EQUIPPED HATCHERY IN THE SOUTH
We have Two Big Hatches Off Each Week, Consisting of the Following Breeds:
White Wyandottes AAA English White Leghorns Barred Rocks
Buff Orpingtons AA English White Leghorns White Rocks
White Minorcas Misner White Leghorns Buff Rocks
Buff Minorcas New Hampshire Reds White Giants
Brown Leghorns Rhode Island Reds Black Giants
Buff Leghorns Black Australorps Anconas
Day Old Pullets and Cockerels. PRICE $2.90 per 100 UP DELIVERED.
We are fully '-quippel with the All Inquiries Prcmptly Answered Don't "Kicp Chickeins," Let
latest and .osl moiudern equip-
ment to proJu.e the Largestand Ta > Sylvain's qualityy Chickens
Healthiest Baby Chicks known to Send for Our Price List Today
Scientific IncLbation. Special Price; to D-alers. "Keep Tou."

















Only a rew I.f the Hund'redls Bliue Rihborns hri:l Cup; awE arded' S% Ivara P uhltry Fai m iandi Hatcher.

Sylvain Poultry Farm and Hatchery
Phone Y 4056 East Lake and 42nd Street Tampa, Florida, ,
*! IS^^JJ^- ^SS-- v----L -^~^*-*-"- -----------.--




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