--..---------. -----.---.... -.--- -------- A CLUTTER PUBLICATION ------------ ...........
April, 1937 ORLANDO, FLORIDA Five
A Section of Sylvain Hatchzry, Show and Sales Room>
Oldest and Best Poultry and All Small Stock Magazine
Published in the Southeastern States
)vI- C .' ,--"_ C' 2 -J- -_~__ '_~_~_- -.----- - -----_, -. :---
- Z-1 7- 1? r
Iwo Southern Poultry and Small Stock
Sylvain s Poultry Farm *
George Sylvain, of the farm bearing
his name, states that orders for baby
chicks are coming in quite rapidly,
and he has ever reason to believe
the's will be the banner season in Flor-
ida. In fact- Mr. Sylvain has installed
another 52,000 incubator (giving a
capacity of 104,000 baby chicks) to
meet the demand for his 19 breeds of
Mr. George Sylvain
the best strains money can buy. For
18 years the Sylvain Poultry Farm
and Hatchery Tampa, Fla., has been
breeding, hatch.'ng and raising choice
flocks, and at that early period a 65-
egg incubator was installed and oper-
ated for several years. From a modest
beginning, one now inspects an ultra
modern plant w'th every convenience
for the proper incubation and care of
baby chicks. Mr. Sylvain states that
this is the largest hatchery in the
south. Two hatches are made each
The quality of the strain is best ap-
Florida poultrymen meeting at Sem-
inole High School, Sanford March 26,
formed a Central Florida Poultrymen's
Association, for the purpose of stabil-
izing poultry and egg prices, and de-
ciding on a uniform marketing pro-
Election of officers was as follows:
D. L. Hendricks of Lake Mary, presi-
dent; L. D. Walters of Lake Monroe.
vice president, and Alex R. Johnson,
secretary-treasurer. Appointment of a
preciated when the prize cups and
ribbons which have been won by this
hatchery are inspected. One can see
this fine display of about 600 ribbons,
nine silver cups and one gold cup in a
large wall case which is located in
the hatchery. They date back 16
years and because of their constant
succession seem to represent the mile-
stones in the progress of this fast
Twenty percent pf the hatching,
which averages over 200,000 annually
for the past 18 years, is custom hatch.
Thl's indicates the extent of confi-
dence being placed in the methods
and, ability employed by Sylvain's
Hatchery by people all over the south-
east, West Indies, and other fo.eign
That you may better know Mr. and
Mrs. Sylvain, owners of the Sylvain
Poultry Farm and Hatchery, Tampa;
we. are pleased to reproduce their
Mrs. George Sylvain
committee to draw up a constitution
and by laws was: B. T. Tiller of Paola,
J. H. Houghton of Lake Mary and Mr.
Just One of Many!
Editor S.P. and S. S.-Please ac-
cept my subscription to your valuable
paper. The sample copy sent me in-
dicates a live, big-little magazine.
There is nothing like it in this part
of the world.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) N. L. Tampa, Fla.
The conventional system of "feed.
ing well matured pullets is either to
keep a good laying mash and grain
before them in open hoppers at all
times, or limiting the grain by feed-
ing it once or twice daily, advises
a writer in Wallaces' Farmer.
If satisfactory production can not
be obtained by these methods, one
may feed a crumbly mash and use
artificial lights. -
In any case, a flock owner should
not attempt to follow definite feed-
ing instructions, but rather should
feed enough grain to maintain satis-
factory body weight.
Normally, a hundred hens will eat
twenty-two to twenty-five pounds of
feed daily, of which seven to ten
pounds is mash and twelve to six-
teen pounds is grain. Since grain is
more palatable than mash, there is
no danger of the flock eating too
When writing to advertisers
please rent'on Southern Poultry
and Smoll Stock.
A. T. KAY
Homes, Groves, Rentals
53 East Church Street
HERE IS the book every
profit has been wanting.
An official guide on pro-
duction bred poultry. It
takes the guess work out of
culling and flock selection-sets
definite guide for you to follow-one that leads to
better flocks and better profits. Let this book tell you-
SHOW TO GET: Better hatching eggs-Better
baby chicks Less losses on producing henp
-Earlier feathering strains.
HOWV TO PREVENT: Small eggs-
-'^4 h,--a-Bare backed
e03-oCRIBES: All important
breeds--How to select pro-
ducticn flocks-How an egg is
formed, etc., etc.
Let this book show the way to bet-
ter is--lnr r i m for you.
Get your co: :' -r. a .11 pay for
Itself many tines over-yet the
cost is very low.
Order Your Copy Today from
and Small Stock
A CLUTTER PUBLICATION
ORLANDO, FLORIDA, APRIL, 1937 No. 9
Soutbern'polutry an Small Stock
With which is combined the Georgia Poultry Quarterly and
Published Monthly in the Interest of
WHOPPING HENFRUIT PRODUCING FRYERS PET HEN CAN SING
Pahokee News tells of an unusually
large egg laid in that section: A
Rhode Island Red pullet in a flock
owned by L. M. Carver laid an egg
last week that was something to crow
* about, for it was an unusually big
egg. It was so big that it deserved
the attention it got, but the first story
developed into a second-the circum-
stance that the three scales on which
it was weighed did not agree in their
weights. When Mr. Carver exhibited
the egg at the office of the Paholiee
News he said that one of the scales
gave it a weight of six ounces, the
others slightly less.
National Pigeon Prize
A pair of White King pigeons own-
ed by Theo. Titus, Jr., of Thomasville,
Ga., and entered by him at the Nation-
al Young Bird Show, Dallas, Texas
was' awarded first g-ize. Pigeon
raising has been a hobby with Mr.
Titus for a number of years, and for
the past two or three years he has
been raising the show-type breed of
pigeons, having some 15 or 20 of this
iMaiy poultrymen beat the heat in
summer by dipping eggs in a thin,
white mineral oil. This seals the
pores of the shell and helps the egg
to retain its fresh, quality.
Recent tests by the United States
Department of Agriculture show that
oiled eggs also stay fresh much better
in cold storage than un-oiled eggs.
Egg production increases almost in
direct proportion to increase consump-
tion of water. Approximately nine
pounds of water are required for each
dozen eggs laid. These statements
are 'based on records of daily intake
of 60 White Leghorn pullets at th.a
University ol Illinois.
Do not allow pullets to come into
production too early.
In order to make a profit from
broilers and fryers, two things in par-
ticular must be thoroughly under-
stood-one is the time of hatching,
and the other is the weight at which
the chickens should be sold.
If 80 percent or more of the chick-
ens are raised and rapid growth is
secured, the writer has never known
a broiler raiser who has failed to make
money on chicks hatched between
December 1 and March 15, with the
best three months of the year being-
December, January and February.
The highest prices are normally reach-
ed in March and1 April, and thfe chick-
ens are usually sold at twelve weeks
of age, weighing from 2 1-4 to 2 3-4
The second lesson that. must be
learned is that it is practically im-
possible to make money where broil-
ers weighing from 12 to 2 pounds
are produced and that, it is much eas-
ier to make money with chicks aver-
aging 2 1-2 to 2 3-4 pounds.
Broiler and fryer production re-
quires good chicks, high livability and
strains that have been developed for
rapid feathering and growth; reason-
ably satisfactory equipment (this is
usually colony houses, such as spring
brooders used, or laying houses, di-
vided into 12 to 30 foot pens) coupled
with good feeding and management.
In feeding chickens and turkeys
for market, it is advisable to elimi-
nate fish and codliver oil from the
feed during the last few weeks to
avoid fishy taste and odor in the meat,
according to nutrition specialists.
Many turkey hens left over from
the Christmas-New Year holiday sea-
son have been sold by Citrus county
farm women to the government for
stocking the game preserves at Aithla-
Mr. Jesse Callahan of Brooksville,
Fla., claims to have a pet hen that
sings long or short songs, loud ones
and soft ones as she is told to do.
Many residents of the community have
visited Mrs. Callahan to attend the
"concerts" given by "Happy Ann,"
Mrs. Callahan states she has been'the
hen's only teacher. The chicken is a
cross between Rhode Island Red and
Plymouth Rock, is seven months old
and lays an egg a day.
The regular chicken louse, some-
times called "the feather louse", may
be controlled by dusting sodium fluo-
ride on the birds. A small pinch of
the powder should be placed under
each wing and on the rump, head, and
breast of each bird. Usually, if chick-
ens can find dry dust in which they
may fluff around, they will free them-
selves of lice.
Sulphur dust is a good material for
controlling mites on chickens, while
stick-tight fleas may be destroyed by
daubing the infested spots with vase-
An annual mid-winter inventory
just completed by the U. S. Bureau of
Biological Survey shows that for the
second consecutive year more wild
ducks and geese wintered in the
United States than last year. Pre-
viously depletion of the waterfowl
supply had continued for many years.
The 'tiny hummingbird, which
weighs less than a penny, has more
energy in its migratory flight than
any other bird. It annually migrates
to the coast of Florida and other Gulf
states from whence it flies many miles
across the ocean to South America.
An unfavorable feed-egg ratio means
that poultrymen must watch their
flocks more closely, cull more rigidly,
and either increase production or
maintain it at high level.
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. . ....... ........................ ......... ....n1111 .11 -11. 11 .........a, 1 l
Florida, Georgia,, South Caro-
lina, Alabama and Mississippi.
F. M. Clutter, Editor-Publisher.
United States-i year _-$ .25
United States-5 years 1.00
Foreign Countries-1 year .50
Make remittance by check,
money order, cash or stamps
(not larger than 3c denomina-
Notes for the Cavy Breeder
By V. M. Couch
Recognized Authority on Various
Farm Industries, Ithaca, N. Y.
S Our present breeds of cavies or
Guinea pigs, probably belong to a fam-
ily 'of rodents known as the Cavidae
or wild &vies which originated in
South America, where they are very
plentiful. They have stout bodies,
short incisor teeth, uncleft upper lip,
legs of nearly equal size and short
tails. The front feet are four-toed and
the hind ones threetoed. Unlike the
domestic cavy or guinea pig, they
have constant colors add breed but
once or twice a year.
The person who wisbhs to engage
in a business that will turn the back
yard and empty building or room into
Sa permanent business that will pay
well for the time and money invested
should try breeding cavies. There
are very few animals more economi-
cal or easier raised. These little an-
imals are prolific aind the cost of pro-
ducing is very small. Any one breed-
ing rabbits will make no mistake in
raising some cavies also, as their feed
-and care is quite similar, with the ex-
ception that the cavies require warm-
er winter quarters than rabbits.
The writer has had no trouble in
disposing of all stock raised at the
University here for good prices, 'but
the laboratories raise more or less of
their own stock and some claim that
the country is already overstocked
with cavies for laboratory purposes,
and on this account some have dis-
couraged the breeding of so many cav-
(es for this use. This, no doubt will
cause some to go out of the business
and others to lesson their production,
and the result will be that we will
wake up some day to find a large
shortage of laboratory stock. But the
fancy or exhibition branch offers the
iame markets for the disposal of stock
that does not qualify for the show
room as that offered to the commer-
cial, but with the advantage of bet-
ter satisfied customers willing to pay
higher prices with repeat orders, be-
cause of the higher vitality and qual-
ity of animals. The initial or first
cost of engaging in raising fancy ca-
vies, is some higher than the commer-
cial branch,but th.e ones interested in
fancy stock will be doubly repaid for
the ,higher initial cost and extra at-
For the beginner, a trio, two females,
and a male, mabe a good start. The
short haired or English, is the only
kind used in laboratories, so if the
breeder wishes to follow the commer-
cial side of the business, keep only
the short haired variety. There is a
market for both the short and long
haired as pets. Some prefer tbh latter,
thinking the Abyssinian, with its
rosette a very pretty and attractive
pet. Its hair is not very long, hence,
seldom becomes soiled. Tbhe Peru-
vian takes a little more care. How-
ever, for ordinary pets the long hair-
ed cavies are not recommended, as
their coats require too much attention
and care. The smooth haired require
less attention and for me they make
equally attractive pets. They have
the advantages of being easily, kept
and of never biting when handled.
Take for instance, a well bred Silver'
Agouti, there is nothing more attrac-
tive in the small animal class.
The main thing is to start out right,
buy stock from a reliable breeder only,
for it some times happens that animals
used in hospitals for experimental
purposes, but not killed, are after-
wards found in stores where pet stock
and birds- are sold.
Bob Whites, or Florida quail, said'.
to be the best destroyers of crop-eating
bugs and worms of all the birds, are
destroyed by the thousands in this
.state during the
legal hunting sea-
son, which lasts
90 days. I. N.
S tive secretary of
the Florida Game
Sand Fresh Water
figures the annual kill at 617,500. He
based his estimates on reports which
hunters make when they apply for
licenses. The law provides that a,
hunter must report the game he killed \
the season previous to his applying
for a license. Kennedy compiled the
figures obtained from judges in 47
counties. With these in hand. he esti-
mated the game killed by hunters in
the other 20 counties, and f-gured it
this way: Quail. 617.500; doves,360,-
000; squirrels, 175,000; ducks, 60,000.
deer, 2350 and geese 500.-Times-
Emerson's Day-Old Thrift Chicks
BIG BIRDS QUALITY PAYS PROFITS BIG EGGS
We Know How to Breed and Hatch Chicks
NINE STANDARD BREEDS:
I White Leghorns Buff Leghorns Anconas
I White Plymouth Rocks New Hampshire
Barred Plymouth Rocks Australorps
FROM Buff Minorcas Rhode Island Reds
i i A B.* W D Prices from $6.95 to $8.90 per hundred
g Add Ic per chick if less than 100 chicks
T E TESTED Don't delay I Place your' order now with
s full confidence. We stand back of every
FLOCKS chick we sell; you must be satisfied.
100% live delivery. -Write us your wants
| HJMEDSON HiTHACHI-RY
STelephone 278-2 BROOKSVILLE, FLA.
= ,,,, ,,, ,, ,,,, ,,,,,,,,, n, , ,,,,, ,.. ............
The Standard of Perfection
Indispensable To All Breeders And on
Judges of Standard-Bred Poultry
Published by the American Poultry Association and the only rec-
ognized authority. Followed by all judges in all poultry shows in
the U. S. and Canada and by all successful breeders. Deescribes the
requirements for shape and color of every section of every variety
of Standard-bred fowls, turkeys, ducks, geese and bantams.
More Than 20P Illustrations ol Perfect (or Standard)
Specimens, Perect and Defective Sections, Feathea.s, Etc.
Contains Instructions to judges; complete list of disqualifictlions: 16-
page glossary of technical terms with 41 drawings of Verfect and defective
combs, bac tas, color matters. etc discounts for defects, etc. Study
this book a know the quality and *ealue of your lowl. 500 pages.
Postpaid, in cloth $.0: leather. $3.50. Address
AMERICAN POULTRY ASS'N, FOIRDIAANE
Southern Poultry and Small Stock
Turkey Breeding Stock +
By Z. J. Lee
Lee's Turkey Farm, Red Oak, Georgia
Selecting stock for the breeding
pens should begin early in September,
and if possible put on a separate
range from the birds that are to be
fattened for the holiday markets.
These breeders should be fed so
as not to become too fat. We feed
growing mash up until they are placed
in the mating pens, (which is about
January) with one-half oats one-fourth
yellow corn, and one-fourth wheat,
with plenty of oyster shells and coarse
grit. The grain is fed in late after-
noon, about the amount that they will
Pointing to a need for two extra
state veterinarians, members of tirp
Central Flofida Poultry Producers
Association, meeting in Orlando April
1, were urged to contact legislators in
an attempt to have appropriations
set aside to pay salaries of such
A letter from Orange County Agent
K. C. Moore, calling for poultry raisers
to volunteer their services in a cooper-
ative scientific program of research
which would be of mutual benefit to
all poultry producers, was read at the
President Joe Williams conducted
A number of ex-soldiers of Pinellas
county have gone or are planning to
go back to the farm with their bonuses.
Liking the outdoors and wanting to
invest their bonus money in some-
thihg substantial, the veterans have
sought the advice of county agent
and other authorities on the possi-
bilities of poultry and dairy products
in that section.
clean up in ten minutes.
Turkeys should be wormed, deloused
and carefully gone over just before
placing them in the pens. They are
selected according to type and feather
characteristics 'to produce the best
possible results for each pen. As soon
as they are in the breeding pens, we
change from growing mash to laying
mash, containing the grains.
Apple barrels make good nests and
these should be placed in pens early
so they will become custom to the
nests very little trouble will be had
with hens trying to hide their nests.
Where two pens are side by side,
we rip the seams of burlap sacks, and
tie the portions on the division fence
so the toms cannot fight through the
wire; these bags also prevent the
hens from seeing the toms in the
adjoining pens, and thus they will
not try*.to get from one pen to the
Editor's note-The pictrue shown
in connection with this article is that
of the first young tom, Texas Centen-
ial, All World Turkey show held in
SDallas last fall. Mr. and M 's. Lee
were awarded many first and second
prizes on their Southeastern Cham-
pion Bronze turkeys, at Madison
Square Garden, New York City;
Charlotte (N.C.) fair and the Atlanta,
(Ga.) state fair. Wilite for tbhiir
mating list and prices on eggs and
THE EMERSON HATCHERY
C. M. Emerson of Brooksville. Fla.,
states that this will be a good hatchery
season, and that the Emerson Hat-.
chery is in much better shape to han-
dle business than heretofore. This
poultry farm now has nine standard
breeds that are culled, banded and
blood tested by the Florida Livestock
Eggs only from blood tested flocks
are used in the Emerson incubators,
and all flocks are U. S. Florida approv-
ed. This hatchery which was estab-
lished in 1926, has two hatches week.
Thanks for the attractive calendar
which shows the Emerson nine breeds
in natural colors. The calendar con-
tains valuable information and hints
on the care of baby chicks.
If you do not find listed in this
department what you
want, write us
Information Dept., this Magazine
When writing to advertisers
please mention Southern Poultry
and Small Stock.
CAPENSIS GOAT DAIRY
The many friends and acquaintances
of Mrs. S. P. Matthews, Homestead,
Fla., will be pleased to learn that she
is able to sit up after several months'
of severe illness. Mr. and Mis. Mat-
thews are owners of the Capensis
Goat Dairy, which includes the big
white Swiss breed of goats. We are
advised they recently sold their herd
buck, and have just purchased another
from the Mile High Goatry of Colorado.
Also they have sold eight milkers and
seven kids in the past few months.
Be sure to feed the old hens
plenty during their molt.
A new British machine tests and
grades 3,000 eggs an hour.
Young ttirkeys, or poults, require
more attention than nearly any oth-
It takes from 4 to 12 weeks to
tell whether a baby chick is male
The first indication of a hen quit-
ting is a comb starting to dry up
and old feathers easily pulled out.
A Leghorn hen in Japan is cred-
ited with a world record in egg-
laying. According to reports this
hen allowed herself only four holi-
days and shelled out 361 eggs in
Have plenty of nests. Nests are
easily built but too often neglected.
listed, BOOKS on outdoor sub-
jects. State your interests.
Dairy Goat Journal, monthly 50c
year, 10c copy.
Am. Fruit Grower, monthly 50c
year, 10c copy.
Gasoline Retailer, weekly $1.00
year, 12c copy.
The Milk Goat, Vol. 2, 35c.
New Pigeon Standard on
Cage, Game Birds, Cavies, etc.
Circulars. 1937 Magazine Puile
0 oucb A nc
ITHACA, N. Y.
Florida Sunnyfields, April, 1937
ren Southerd Poultry and Small Stock
-Sex of Baby Chicks Is
Told by Their Markings
A practical method of determining
S sex of baby chicks, although limited
to Rhode Island Reds, has been de-
veloped by poultry specialists of the
United States Department of Agri-
In a study of more than 1,100
Single-Comb Rhode Island Red
Chicks, T. C. Byerly and J. P. Quinn
of the Bureau of Animal Industry
were able to tell the sex of 81 per
cent correctly. Female chicks were
ri arked with spots and stripes of
black down on the head or back.
Males lacked such markings.
A total of 524 chicks had black
markings. Of this .number 444, or
84.9 per cent, were females. Of the
unmarked group 450, or 77.8 per
cent, were males. Thus the poultry-
men were able to distinguish the sex
of.894 chicks, or'81. per cent, cor-
rectly. A similar sexing study of
663 chicks in a commercial flock
of Single-Comb Rhode' Island Reds
showed the same general results.
Sexing of chicks is comparatively
recent in origin. Commercial poul-
trymen, especially in the far West,
have shown much interest in its
development. The method used by
many hatcheries was introduced by
the Japanese, and has grown
To Avoid "Grass Eggs"
Hens that eat too heavily ot
green feed'often produce eggs hav-
ing dark yellow yolks, often re-
sembling red more than yellow.
These are called grass eggs, says
'Pathfinder Magazine. Laying poul-'
try showing such tendency should'
be confined until noon each day
and supplied with a good mash
placed in open hoppers. Poultry
experts say hens having all the
mash they want seldom eat enough
green food in the afternoon to give
their eggs this reddish color.
In the Poultry Yard
The ordinary duck is not expected
to lay more than six months.
Pullets that are decidedly under.
sized for their age may well be
culled, as they seldom become good
layers; the same may be true of
pullets that are very large and
In general, the gander is larger,
bolder and more masculine in car-
riage than the goose.
Many poultrymen dip eggs in a
thin, white mineral oil which seals
the pores of the shell and helps
retain the. fresh. quality, of th egg.
Grain to Develop Birds
In feeding grain the poultryman
should bear in mind that birds will
not develop normally on grain
alone, and that a balanced develop-
ing mash should be before the
birds at all times. Good results
have been secured by having both
grain and mash available to the
birds- at all times. Other poultry-
men give a liberal feeding of grain
in the morning and again in the
evening. Both systems have given
good results and the main thing to
remember is that grain should be
fed more liberally during the devel-
oping period than at any other time
and that the grain mixture should
consist of equal parts, of yellow
corn and wheat.
Substitute for Green Feed
A good grade of cod liver oil
that has been tested for potency and
vitamin content may be substituted
in part for green feed, says North
Carolina State college poultry ex-
pert. One pound or one pint should
be added to each 100 pounds ol
mash when the substitution is made
or it may be fed on the grain in-
stead of mixing with the mash when
more convenient. Where possible,
some cured alfalfa hay or lespedeza
should be provided.
Should there be no listing in a par-
tcular section where you
wish to buy;
we shall be pleased to give your
name of broker handling proper-
ty in the desired location
Information Dept., this Magazine
Replacing Mash Mix
Skimmed milk contains approxt.
lately 90 per cent water. Dry
skimmed milk contains usually-a
little over 8 per cent of moisture.
TIurning it the other way around,
the milk solids in dry milk amount
to 92 per cent, in liquid milk 10
per cent; in other words it should
take nine times as much skimmed
milk by weight to equal the same
amount of milk solid as in dry,,
skimmed milk. Now as to how
much milk is used in any of the
standard mashes, says the Pacific
Rural Press, your guess is as good
as mine unless the amount is de-
clared on the feed tag, which is
not the usual case, since it is not
required by law.
The GOAT WORLD
Official organ of
The American Milk Goat
Oldest and largest Milk Goat Magazine
published. Broadest circulation. Art--
ieles by best authorities. Subscription
rite one year, $2.00; three years, $4.00;
five years, $6.00. Three months' trial
subscription, 50c. Sample copy 20c,
*THE GOAT WORLD
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Name ...... -- .~-....------------ ..--.-..--........------..... --... Date ---.... :--......-...193 -
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+* EHONW W
Florida Sunnyfields, April, 1937
Feared in 1937; Are Host
'for Three Parasites.
By J. D. Mizelle, Parasitologist, College ol
Agriculture, University of Illinois.-
Warnings of a'possible heavy in.
festation of grasshoppers in 1931
hold a menace to poultry flocks as
well as a field crops.
Grasshoppers have been found tc
be the intermediate host for at leasi
three poultry parasites, chief ol
which are tapeworms and round
Poultry losses cost Illinois farm.
ers approximately $4,000,000 annual-
ly. And 20 per cent of the annual
poultry mortality, as judged by au.
topsy findings, is caused by tape.
worms which, spend a part of their
life cycle in such intermediate hosts
as grasshoppers, houseflies, stable-
flies, dung beetles, ground beetles,
earthworms, snails, slugs, ants and
It has also been found that poul.
try becomes invested with round.
worm parasites by eating grass-
hoppers, earthworms, cockroaches,
snails, pill bugs, waterfleas and dung
beetles. However, few parasites are
able to develop directly without
spending a part of their life within
an intermediate host.
While proper sanitary measures
will not prevent the grasshopper
menace, good poultry management
will go far toward the control ol
' parasites with both direct and in-
direct life. histories.
Poultry owners will find that it
pays to have clean, well constructed
Houses and equipment, clean yards
and ranges, clean, well balanced
feed'and water. It is also importaat-
to dispose of diseased fowls and
see that houses, troughs and water-
ing utensils are kept clean. These
measures combined with any other
steps that will destroy intermediate
hosts or prevent their access to farm
flocks will cut down the heavy an.
nual poultry loss and raise egg and
Pullets need to be graded and
put into different pens according to
The whites of fresh eggs are thick
enough to diffuse the light so the
yolks to not appear so distinctly
Mites in chicken houses may be
held in check by painting the roosts,
dropping boards and walls-after
their, have been thoroughly cleaned
with crude oil, waste crankcase oil
or a concentrated disinfectant.
Cost to Raise Pullet
Raising a pullet to the laying age
of 20 weeks now costs $1.04, ac-
cording to accounts kept by 38 poul-
trymen in co-operation with the de-
partment of farm management at
Cornell university. This pays the
way from a day-old chick to the
In reaching the laying age, the
chick needs 12 pounds of grain and
19 pounds of mash. About 46 per
cent of the total cost is for feed,
14 per cent for labor, 25 per cent is
the original cost of the chick; and
the remainder for use of buildings,
equipment, fuel, interest, and other
Poultrymen had a better year in
1935 than in 1934, the economists
say. The improvement was due
mainly to better prices for eggs.
Returns for each hour of labor
averaged 48 cents and represent
the best showing since 1930.
It cost 27 cents to produce a doz-
en eggs in 1935, or two cents a dozen
less than in 1934. This reduction in
cost, together with a four-cent im-
provement in price, made possible
an average profit of three cents a
Production on these cost-account
farms averaged 146 eggs to the
hen, or about 44 more eggs than
the average for the state. One-
fourth of the birds died or were
lost or stolen during the year. High
mortality, say the economists, is
one of the most important causes
of failure in the poultry business.
Putting all the pullets into the
same laying house at the same time
is not always a good practice for
The bureau of animal industry
says that it costs the average mid-
western poultry plant 2V2 cents a
pound to dress poultry. This cost
depends partly on the volume of
the business done.
F|REE "Combination Scout Knife
F 4 blades. Mighty handy.
Sell only six packages Lib.
erty Ink Powder at 25c each. Package
makes 16 ounces fine writing ink. Easy
to Sell. Write today. Sendro money
---we trust you.
The Liberty Company
Station D, Box 4200 Cleveland, Ohio
KAY & COMPANY, Inc.
Ladies' and Gentlemen's Wrist Watches
You may pay with Old Gold
A good place to buy Engagement
and Wedding Rings
53 E. CHURCH ST.
Saanen Milk Goats
The Big White Swiss Breed
Buff Orpington Poultry
Capensis Goat Dairy
Mr. & Mrs. S. F. Matthews, Homestead, Fla.
, ,,,, ... ...........h .. ... ..,,.....I.... .
French Alpine Goats
Does For Sale-Bred Yearling and
9-months Old Does
All lettra cheerfully answered.
2711 Twenty-Second St. Tampa, Fla. i
. ..... ... ............ ..................
White Holland Utility Breeding Stock
MARCH AND APRIL HATCHED
Hens (14 Ibs) $5 Toms (26 Ibs) $8
Unrelated Trio $18 and $20
Limited-Number Eadly Eggs, $25 per Hundred
NOWELL TURKEY FARM, Maitland, Fla.
Eiirht Southern Poultry and Small Stock
Duval County Poultry Classified Advertisements
and Egg Exhibition
The first Duval County Poultry Show
held in Jacksonville, March 18-20 was
well attended. Approximately 500
baby chicks and 91 dozen eggs were
on display. Miss Amiee Eby of Jack-
sonville Heights, was named grand
prize winner in the entire fiem of egg
en-nires. She captured first prize with
a brown egg entry.
The grand prize in baby checks
went to Reid's Poultry Farm and Hat-
chery, Arlington, who took first place
w'th New Hampshires.
POINSETTIA FARMS ADD
K. C. Smith of the Poinsettia Farms,
Inc., has removed his hatchery into a
recently remodeled and more adequate
building on the main street of Pine
Castle. The hatchery is running to
capacity with three large incubatos,
the latest to be added is a jamesway.
A full line of brooders, poultry sup-
plies, poultry and dairy feeds; also
fertilizers have been stocked.
The Poinsettia Farms has spme of
the best breeds of poultry in the state.
All birds have been blood tested for
pullorium disease, and baby chicks are
U.S. Florida approved. In connection
with the farm are many hutches of
fine pedigreed and meat rabbits. A
rabbit meat cannery is also operated.
NOWELL TURKEY FARM
When our representative called at
the Nowell Turkey Farm, located, just
west of Maitland at Forest City, Fla.,
Mr. -Nowell and his assistant were
busy, yes, busy indeed "butchering"
big plump 25 to 32-pound White Hol-
land turkeys, of which this farm makes
a specialty. At this time there are
about 900' finest quality toms and hens
ranging over the grounds bordering a
/ large lake, which is dotted here and
there with domestic ducks. At least
another 1,500 turkeys will be raised
for the winter markets.
Mr. Nowell has four large incubators
hatching to capacity, and the poults
until quite well developed, are raised
on wire In enclosed runs-later are
turned on range with the younger
Carl C. Walker, State conservation
agent, has been requested by state
headquarters to procure as many t4me
black bronze turkeys, both goblers and
hens, as possible, paying the market
price for them. The birds will be
used by the state in up-breeding Floa-
ida wild turkeys.-Dade City Banner.
Advertisements for this department, without display type or illustrations,
accepted at rate of 2 cents per word. Two initials or three figures one
Sword. Minimum charge 25 cents per insertion; cash with order on tran-
sient advertising. We reserve the right to decline any order. Copy of
S.P. and S.S. containing advertisement will be mailed advertiser.
For sale-Buckeye incubators. One
5,376 eggs; one 10,732 eggs-like new
and at half price. Terms. Sylvain
Poultry Farm and Hatchery, Ybor
City, Tampa, Fla.
Wanted-Trio Embden geese, White
African guineas, pair Ringneck pheas-
ants and pair peafowls. State price
and age. Edgewood Poultry Farm,
Rfd 1, Box 100-1, Orlando.
Wanted-From two to five pai'-s
young White King pigeons; must be
mated and working. State price
crated. Address W. K. care this
Printing-..iGet our prices on hat-
chery records, letter heads and envel-
opes and all commercial, printing.
Two color work a specialty. Submit
your wants and samples for lowest
prices. Clutter Publications, Orlando.
For sale-Buff Orpingtons, the duo
bird-good meat fowl and good lay-
ers. S. F. Matthews, Homestead, Fla.
For Sale-Few choice Alpine bucks,
two weeks old. All letters answered.
Matthew Aprile, 2711 Twenty-second
Street, Tampa, Fla.
Bulletins 25 cents each, five bulle-
tins $1.00-see advertisement on an-
other page. Irvin W. Dietr'ich, Kutz-
SALES PEOPLE WANTED
Make BIG money selling subscrip-
tions to Southern Poultry and Small
Stock, the oldest Florida magazine
published devoted to the several in-
dustries-poultry, pigeons, rabbits,
goats, etc. Address Subscription
Department, this publication.
Should there be no listing in a par-
ticular section where you
wish to buy,
we shall be pleased to" give your
name of broker handling proper-
ty in the desired location
Information Dept., this Magazine
For information relative to attractive
Write E. S. CENTER, JR., General Agricultural Agent
Atlanta and West Point Railroad Company
The West Point Railway of Alabama
4 Hunter Street S. E. Atlanta, Ga.
Lee's Southeastern Champion Bronze
Extra Special No. Headed by First Young Tom Txas Cen-
tra Special tennial "All the World Turkey Show."
EGGS $1.00 EACH; AFTER MAY 10th 50c EACH
PEN No. 2-First Yearling Southeastern Fair; Eggs March, 60c each,
April 50c each; May 40c each.
Flock Matings headed by 30-lb Young Toms of Good Type and Color.
Eggs March 35c each, $30 per 100; April $25 per 100; May 25c each; $50
per 100. FREE FOLDER
LEE'S TURKEY FARM, RED OAK, GA.
Southern Poultry and Small Stock
Florida Sunnyfields, April, 1937
DAMP HOUSES ARE
Poultry Contracts Colds and
By H. H. Alp, Extension Poultryman, Uni-
versity of Illinois.-WNU Service.
Just as humans have more colds
and pneumonia during periods of
damp weather, so damp poultry
houses during winter months favor
the development of roup, bronchitis
and other respiratory diseases of
chickens which affect the efficiency
of poultry production.
One of the most common causes of
dampness in poultry houses is wet
litter. Wet litter is in turn caused by
too many birds in the house, floor
mixture and leaky roofs.
Birds are overcrowded in houses
having less than four square feet
of floor space to each fowl. Unless
a poultry house is equipped with
mechanical ventilation, and few of
them are, crowded pens will soon
Cement floors which have no sub-
floor of gravel, crushed stone or
similar material will usually sweat
sufficiently to make wet litter a
problem. In some houses spillage
from-water pails and poor surface
drainage are factors along with
In addition to these causes the
poultry flock itself voids and ex-
hales enough moisture to be a fac-
tor in the problem. If dropping
,boards are left uncleaned for
two weeks, experiments have shown
that for each 100 birds there would
be approximately three to four bar-
.rels of water left in the house during
While it is impossible to keep
poultry houses absolutely dry, flock
owners can help by cleaning off the
dropping boards at least every other
day. Frequent changing of the litter
is another chore generally justified
by the results obtained in more
Keeping windows open to provide
-fresh air aids in keeping down damp-
ness, and artificial heat is needed
in many instances. Many poultry-
men have found that heat from
brooder stoves has helped in houses
where colds and roup have been
The flock is entitled to clean, sun-
ny, well ventilated quarters this
winter, without drafts, kept free
from lice and mites. Then, given
a good ration, we have a right to
expect eggs enough for profits.
When writing to advert i s e rs
please mention Southern Poultry
and Small Stock.
Control of Coccidios's
With Sulphur Treatment
Practic" l studies looking to con-
trol of coccidiosis, dread disease
of chickens, with use of a sulphur
treatment have produced results
that augur well for the country's
poultry farmers, according to re-
cent surveys by the agricultural re-
search advisory bureau.
Pointing to the experiments suc-
cessfully conducted by Dr. C. A.
Herrick and C. E. Holmes, of the
University of Wisconsin, the bureau
declares that regular feeding of a
mash mixed with sulphur gives evi-
dence of providing a method of con.
trol for this scourge of the poultry
raisers. During these tests it was
found that different degrees of con-
trol could be obtained by varying
the amount of sulphur fed. In the
broiler section of the East where
coccidiosis is widely prevalent a
modification of the method used by
Herrick and Holmes has been found
B. F. Jarvis, poultry technician
working independently in Maryland
and Delaware, has found that 10
per cent of sulphur added to grow-
ing mash and fed a full day each
week is effective in controlling coc-
-cidiosis in broiler flocks confined to
houses. Other experiments point
to the value of the daily feeding of
two or three per cent sulphur in
the mash as a method of control.
Blue Andalusian Chicken
The Blue Andalusian chicken is
one of the Mediterranean breeds,
like the Leghorn, but it has never
been developed to any extent com-
mercially. It is quite possible, of
course, says a writer in the Pacific
Rural Press, that there may be
birds of the breed which will be
satisfactory producers. However, so
much more work has been done by
way of breed improvement that it
would hardly be wise to start out
with an uncommon breed.
When writing to advert i s e r s
please mention Southern Poultry
and Small Stock.
DR. W. M. LYNN
8 East Jefferson St. ORLANDO
* Read our advertisements
All About Game Chickens
Breeding, raising, preparing for
battle. Games are raised all
over the country for profit, plea-
sure and sport. This monthly
magazine tells you all you want
to know. Sample copy 10 cents,
or year's subscription one dollar.
GAME FOWL NEWS
Asheville, N. C.
These Books are Illustrated and
Fully. Describe Three Good
Breeds. Size 3x8 inches
Price 50c Each Postpaid
Published by the Bantam World,
Only Magazine on the Bantam
Families in the United States
Orders Booked by
and SMALL STOCK
HYLTON'S BABY CHICKS
SVirginia Certified Officially Supervised
,., --. We produce Strong, Uniform Chicks, with Elec-
,. '-, tric Incubators, a Modern Plant where
Barred Rocks-Reds-White Leghorns o WRITEOR FRE FL ER
Bronze Turkeys-Breeders, Eggs, Baby Poults
Every Bird bred and grown on the HYLTON FARM
Hylton Poultry Farms Orange, Virginia
Ten Southern Poultry and Small Stock
f I t MAKE MORE MONEY WITH
There Isn t A ny est Breed White Indian Runner DUCKS
By C. S. Barnhill
Experienced Goat Breeder and Dairy-
man, 'Millbrook, N. J.
After twenty years of study and
experience with the more popular va-
rieties of milk goats, I would say,
"there isn't any best breed." Usually
this is the first question asked ,by an
interested person. It is quite natural
for one to want a goat which can
truly bef said to be one of the best, so
it is assumed that there must be a
best breed. In a general way this is
a wrong conclusion. In many parts
of the world the milk goat has been
'brought to, aigh standard of excell-
ence. For a very long time skilled
husbandmen have exerted themselves
in the improvement of several breeds.
So that at the present time the best
milk goats come to you as individuals
representing more than one distinct
It is true the Saanen variety has
some very heavy milkers. Quite a
number, it is claimed, have produced
from seven quarts up to very nearly
ten quarts in 24 hours.
It is equally true that Toggenburgs
Shave made high records-so close to
the Saanen high, the difference isn't
worth quarreling over. Mind you,
these outstanding individuals. The
great majority of both Saanens and
Toggenburgs never approach .such
high production. From three quarts
to six quarts each 24 hours will in-
clude most of them. Either a Saanen
or Toggenburg will do this; so will
,an Alpine or a Nubian. And there
are still ot.er excellent milking
If you fancy a white goat and have
a place where a goat can be kept clean
and white, you are making no mis-
take in selecting the Saanen, if you
select a good one.
Possibly you may have seen good
Toggenburgs and the dark color, with
pretty white trimmings appeals to
you. If so, then hitch your wagon to
a Toggenburg, you will find them
good pullers: especially if you get
some of the best. But like the Saanen,
it takes some money to get this kind,
because they are worth it.
If you find that you fancy the beau-
tiful black and white combinations
of color smart Alpines are appearing
in, then choose that breed. But not
every Alpine doe is going to fill your
six-quart pail in 24-hours. While the
best Alpines will do better than that.
The picturesque Anglo-Nubian with
its pendulous ears and Roman nose
appeals to many persons. This varie-
ty of milk goat comes in many color
schemes from all-black, black and tan,
red with white spots and other mix-
tures to pure white. If, after looking
over the Nubian, you feel that this is
the goat you like best, then choose
this 'breed, but you, may have to look
'round a bit to find the best Nubians.
When you find a goat giving six
quarts of milk daily at the age of
four years or younger, you have found
one to be porud of and worthy of your
best care and attention be she of what
breed she may. Ordinary specimens
of most breeds sell at fair to low
prices. But when it comes to the
best it is a matter of individual merit
and money. If you are willing to pay
the price, you can get satisfaction in
any of the popular breeds.
Let us assume you have selected
four goats, a Nubian, a Saanen, a
Toggenburg and an Alpine. Each of
these goats give, let us say, five quarts
of milk daily on an equal amount of
feed. You have four good goats. But
which one is the best? That is for
you, and you alone to decide. It may
be shape; it may be size or color, or
it may be the ability to hold up longer
in production that lures you to a pref-
erence. And you say, "this one is
best." We will agree that from your
point of view, she'is of the breed
that is best for you. But how can
she be the best for others with dif-
ferent likes and dislikes? Especially
when there are best goats in all
breeds. Don't forget that it is what
YOU think is BEST that you are look-
ing for-something the mass of' goat
breeders never can agree upon. When
it comes right down to fine points
in health, hardiness, low cost of main-
tainance and value of milk, no one
breed has all the honors The best
for you will be the breed you like best.
In whatever breed you may select
there will be room for improvement,
and unless you make improvement,
you will not continue long to possess
the best milk goats.
It is estimated that there are 400
million hens in the United States.
They produce 36 billion eggs per year,
an average of 90 eggs for each hen.
They are year around layers of
High-Grade, Snow-White Eggs
that bring Top Prices throughout
the year. They are easily raised and
are not subject to poultry diseases.
Write for prices on
Matured Stock and Hatching Eggs
C. M. REECE
DONNOHA, NORTH CAROLINA
RABBITS for Sale
Red and White New Zealands,
Havanas Champagne, Heavy
Weight Chinchillas and
Write for prices.
Jess J. Strosnider, Prop.
Rfd. 8. Mount Washington, O.
. .lmlm m .....m...mll.l...ml Ulll ....... ... .........imm .i ..........llll ..ll .
RAISE RABBITS--MAKE MONEY
We furnish breeding stock at low
cost and contract for all you raise.
Make $100.00 Month and More
Write for free literature and
Our Plan to Sucess
I. W. Taylor Rabbit Co. Inc
"The South's Leading Rabbitry"
3338 Lang Ave., Hapeville, Ga.
A .w f '? :: *A* A* '* *. *A -*A
.n.mm...... ....n.... u. ....lm.. u. ...........l...... iml-. ... u.unmJ. m monJ.il .unmmon ...tmensu n n ....lm ..
-Tormented with An Acid Stomach?
THEN TRY OUR
Primest Brown Whey Goat Cheese
Rich in Calcium, the Very Chemical Needed to
Correct that Condition.
80c a Pound Postpaid, worth More
JOHN HAFER, SIBLEY, ILL.
.. . .. . .. .. .. . .. . .. . ... .. . .. . .. ... . .. . .. . ... .. . ... . .. ... . .. . . .. .. .. . .. . .. .. . .. . .. . .. .. .. . ... ... .. .. .
4-H BOYS AT STOCK SHOW
BEST SHOWMAN AMONG 4-H CLUB BOYS
When it comes to handling his animals in the show ring Sidney Allen
of Live Oak, shown with his steer, excelled all other 4-H club boys com-
peting. He was awarded a loving cip for his prowess.-Courtesy Times-
Thirteen girl's 4-H clubs were or-
ganized in Madison county last montlL
Plans for Palm Beach county's 4-H
alumnae camp next June were made
at a recent meeting of the alumnae
The girl's 4-H club at Baxter, the
first standard club in Suwannee coun-
ty, received its certificate of stan-
dardization last month.
POULTRYMAN TAKES OVER
BIG FEED BUSINESS
Chas. F. Eller, Orlando, breeder of
the better lines of dark and light Ply-
mouth Rocks, has engaged in the feed
business at South Dixie and Michigan
avenue, having leased a section of the
Sewell building. He has stocked a
complete supply of the well-known
Eshelman's feeds, and with, Mr. Eller's
pleasing personality and long business
experience, he will undoubtedly enjoy
a large business. He will continue in
poultry raising and hatching.
The Fifth Annual Georgia Baby
Chick Show sponsored by the Poultry
Science Club, a student organization
of the University of Georgia, and the
Georgia Baby Chick Association held
Georgia Baby Chick Association was
held in Atlanta March 25-26.
Approximately 700 of the best fat
cattle of Florida and Georgia paraded
in the show-ring at the third annual
Florida Fat Stock Show and Sale at
the National Stockyards in Jackson-
ville March 9 and 10. Tremendous
advances, not only in number but also
in quality of animals shown, were
noted over the past two years, ind-
cating the marked progress now under
way in Florida's cattle industry.
Boys and girls of the 4-H- club, with
their special exhibit of nearly 50 ani-
mals, attracted no little attention at
the show. Four-H judging teams of
three members each from around a
dozen counties participated in a judg-
ing contest Tuesday afternoon.
Commencement of 4-H club work in
Starke, Lawtey, Brooker. and Hamp-
ton has been announced by T. P. Mc-
Clane, Jr., Bradford county agent.
Bay county 4-H club boys have form-
ed a forestry club and have plane.
20 acres of slash pine seedlings. Ten
acres of seedlings were donated to
the boys by a commercial corporation,
while others have signifie 1 their
willingness to do likewise. When
completed, the plantings of the 13
members of the 4-H forestry club will
total 50 awres.
SELECTED CHAMPION CALF OF STATE
Well on his way to the grand championship of the state, the above young-
ster took the championship calf prize at the Fat Stock Show and Sale at
the National Stock Yards. The animal shown with its owner, Joe Var, a
4-H club boy from Bonifay.-CeurtesyTimes-rnion.
Florida Sunnyfields, April, 1937
N .. .
I NOW IS THE TIME TO ORDER YOUR
SSYLVAIN SUPER QUALITY CHICKS|
Delay in ordeing can gain you nothing. Prices are RIGHT. Quality can't be beat. :
Your Order NOW will give you chicks right when you want them.
The Flocks Behind Our Chicks
FOR iS y-cars in Tanpa: or hav been brc u. i i
hatching and raujinri frJn the Ik t Strainarit I.rv ,111
Bu,, an r h ti chwer fl,:ck s of the IlRet Br- dl ii, tir ..
S south. N,, Iatter hllbLh Lrc-.(.I y,;,lj el,,r 1'..r \.,ur
: floek. y.u art- -ure of g tting a High Q1.:it; start W .
from chiLeks produced here.
We hatch every chick we sell and every -
chick is hatched in our two big Smith
incubators of 52,000 egg capacity each.
They are bigger chicks. Result: Better
chicks, bigger checks.
We have the Largest and Most Modern Equipped Hatchery in the South -
WE HAVE TWO BIG HATCHES OFF EACH WEEK
AAA English White Leghorns Black Australorps
AA English White Leghorns ORDER White Wyandottes
Misner White Leghorns YOUR Buff Orpingtons
New Hampshire Reds CHICKS White Minorcas
Rhode Island Reds Buff Minorcas
Brown Leghorns AND White Gaints
Buff Leghorns PULLETS Black Giants
Barred Rocks NOW Buff Rocks
White Rocks Anconas
Rhode Island Reds and Games Crossed
NN.thing ha. been left undone to ei\ you READ THIS LIBERAL GUARANTEE
thegreast- 1 viluev.ri .4-t-red. in Babv C( .i ks. ,k.
S Bi Husk F-ll,..-r ; fuIe r ,frPep and L ,l We guarantee 100 ', LIVE D)ELI\VEL Y .n .,-v-rr a.hll.,mp -nt and
Bg H k F l ; full P r Lf Pay poqtage toi yv ur dl..-r. .Iujt .'iurit ,iur lic chi'k--have your :
Go after and g, ti he Bigger Earningo that p,,t man erif\ an.l ..gn ,our ..il if .,ou ,. n,,r get rull IIll i iv'
High Quality Eec Bred Purllet rai d fri -thr nind .hick- t, t .-pla.e ,,r r-fund vour
our c.hlck will bring Ln.-u. DOU .BLE ( R iney v.cv ringn you pr.r- r. \V We al, ,, ,n .. I, \. ,r.,, ea
POU LTRY PH111ITS vth SYLV'.IN'S Count the LIO'en-- ,
SUPER QUALITY CHICKS. Send it yuur
order today. Send for price-list Don't "Keep Chickens"
SPECIAL PRICES T3 DEALERS Let Sylvain's Quality Chickens "Keep You."
Sylvain Poultry Farm and Hatchery
SG. Sylvain, Prop. Ybor City Sta. E. Lake Ave. & 42nd St. Tampa, Fla.
N. ... +.;'