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IOLI'ZI~ Qt Sylv~in P~jultry Farro arid na:chory I! '' I
iOldest and Best Poultry and All Small Stock Magazine I
, Published in the Soutkeastern States
ii ! F1 -r~
E.r~L ~ :i~~~l: ?
DI i ,%
-1. J_.,- rl I II rl- r.~~
r~J .e .u'~Y
Southern Poultry and Small Stock
p C. ......... ... .. : -~'
Droppings Easily Salvaged
and Sold at Profit.
By J. C. Taylor, Extension Poultryman, N'ew
Jersey College of Agriculture.--
Poultry manure is a profitable
source of revenue that can be mad~e
to increase the income of every
poultryman. As an aid to the proper
handling of manure, one poultry-
man has a large shed with a con-
orete floor. When the laying houses.
and brooder houses on the plant
'are cleaned, the floor manure or
litter is placed in one corner of
the shed and used for mixing with
the moist manure from the' drop-
ping boards which are cleaned ev-
The floor manure is spread out in
a flat pile about six inches deep
and the fresh manure from the
dropping boards is spread upon it.
The pile is then shoveled over and
the dropping board manure of the
next day is spread over the heap.
The presence of the floor manure
or litter and the frequent shoveling
rapidly dries out the dropping board -
manure. A week's accumulation of .
dropping board manure mixed with
the floor nianure is set aside and
a new pile started.
Following this method of handling
and processing poultry manure, the
dsuptrsmngfth mt ria locu ly
vegetable growers. During the last
few years one poultryman has been
pulverizing some of this mixed nia-
nure and selling it to home owners
for their gardens and lawns. The
practice has been follov.-ed by oth-
ers with equally good results.
ESHELIMAN FEED STORE
Sewell's Corner, South Dixie & Michigan
C. F. ELLER, Manager
as Since 1842 as
ELLER'S BARRED ROCKS
B OOd Lines
AUDITORIUM WHERE THE 1937 I.B.C.A. CONVENTION WILL BE HELD
i.~A B C. S.MetS In Dalbn10ft
The~ I. B. C. A. executive committee,
incl!uding all Offi(Cers of the ass cia_
tion, Te n::y mct~ 81 SenledB~c1 Bl-
timore, Md., as the place of 1987 me~et-
Over 40 state representatives were
present. wIao cidjes askedc for the
converticn-Blrimore- and St. P,-ul.
Either city w-ould have been accep-
table from standpoint of facilities and
convenience. It will be recalled that
all I. B. C. A. conventions have been
held in the middle west since 1923,
when the meeting was held in Wash-
ington, D. C.
The dates selected for the 1937
conference and exposition are July
19-22 inclusive. Baltimore is only a
short distance from Washington, D.
C. and in driving from Washington to
Baltimnore one passes the National
Research Center at Beltsville, where
the world's finest poultry experiment
plant is located.
From time to time this magazine
will present information about this
year's convention plans, points of in"
terest in and around Baltimore and
other details about convention facili-
ties, hotels, amusements, etc.
U. S. NAVAL ACADEMY, ANNAPOLIS, MD.
Air view of the U. S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. Thousands annually
visit this historic spot that is located just a few miles from Baltimore.
Many poultrymen will take advantage of this c opportunity to visit this beau-
Small Stock Florida, OUo galHES uth Caro-
lina, Alabama and Mississippi.
ltry Quarterly and a
F. M. Clutter, Editor-Publisher.
fields United StS rl6 er ___$ .25
United States-5 years ___ 1.00
Interest of Foreign Countries-1 year .50
ment Make remittance by check,
money order, cash or stamps
(nOt larger than 3c denomina-
ARY, 1937 No. 7 tion.) -
5 Vol. Ill
uthern TIolutry amb
With which is combined the Georgia Pou
Published Monthly in the
A CLUTTER PUBLICATION
ORLANDO, FLORIDA, FEBRU
HATCHERY CHICKS ARE
The hatchery is a real asset to any
community and does much in the way
of community development. The
breeding of better poultry causes the
extra profits from better poultry to
be spent in the
,, bui 1 ding it;
-i-' ,1' making it a
better place in
which to live.
The hatchery first secures the par-
ent stock, taking into consideration
the background of the various breeds
and varieties that the management
selects for his breeders, his flocks
are thence carefully and expertly
supervised to assure him of quality
Each year hatcherymen purchases
male birds to head these flocks--male
birds of known quality. In this way
he injects new blood and quality with
th mre ult that bt rehi e
parenthsto ultry raiser should pur-
chase these male birds to head his
individual flocks in order to secure his
thexc he etnht reost swouldt
baby chicks from your hatchery.
The scientifically modern hatchery
equipment plays no small part in pro-
ducting a quality baby chick.
Visit your hatchery. Get your
hatcheryman's expert advice on your
poultry problems. And boost your
hatchery-it is a real community en-
When a man is able to own a cor-
ner of good American soil and there
bring up his children among proper
social, economic, and educational sur-
roundings, he anay count himself for-
tunate indeed.-Chas. E. Pynchon.
SAMPLE COPY-PASS ON!
This issue of S. P. and S. S, may
be a sample copy-please read it
thoroughly. If you are not a sub-
scriber, we hope soon to have you
as one of our regular readers. The
price of this journal is within reach
of everyone. Just think only 25 cents
for 12 months-one full year.
After you have read this magazine,
will you please show it to your neigh-
bors. It is impossible for us to send
a sample to everyone interested in the
various industries to which this maga-
zine is devoted, and in the south-
eastern states wherein it is circulated.
May we hear from you soon? Just
put a quarter in an envelope with
the subscription blank properly filled,
and to be found on another page, drop
in the corner mail box and there you
are! Your subscription will begin
with the next issue.
The 1936 holiday trade was approx-
imately 500 turkeys produced in
Hernando county and payed $1,800 to
81,500 tiA(arieultural Agent
Lawton says 160,000 turkeys raised
in Florida bring the state aprpox-
imately $500,000 year.
Nearly one million boys and girls
in the United States are now enrolled
in 4-H club work under the direction
of their county and home demonstra-
tion agents. More than 12,000 of
these are in Florida.
2VIaximum egg production is not
possible unless the hens get enough
eMae ila 1 r hee 1 kwat I m ad
One hundred hens will drink about
four gallons of water daily.
When writing to advert isers
please mention Southern Poultry
and Small Stock.
"Time to Hatch for Best Results"
is the caption of an article by Super-
intendent E. F. Stanton of the Flor-
ida Egg Laying Contest. Mr. Stan-
ton is in a position which well quali-
fies him to give the poultrymen the
best advice along the lines of breed-
ing and hatching.
And another most interesting and
instructive article from the pen of
Secretary Resse Hicks, of the Inter-
national Baby Chick Association is
at hand. His subject: "How Qual-
ity Eggs and Poultry are Developed
Through Hatcheries" is most ably
handled, and only as can Mr. Hicks
But why go into detail-these spe-
cial features will be printed in the
March issue of S. P. and S,. S.-Be
sure and have your name placed on
our mailing list ere March rolls
around. Hundreds of other good ar-
ticles will be printed through 1937.
To get rid of colds that have
doindoa ipoultr o oteek at1heb Ir
showing signs of a cold, states a
North Carolina State college expert.
As this trouble is usually caused
th o v ildt rf
and overcrowding, the next thing
is to look for and eliminate the
Check carefully on the feeding
schedule and give the flock Epsom
salts at the rate of one-half pound
to each three gallons of water,
Keep a good germicide in the drink-
ing water while there is evidence
of thehtoouble. 'Dre hobusdi i eu
Where the trouble is well established
it is not economical to treat the in-
dividuals and these should be de-
stroyed. Where commercial sprays
for colds are used the directions
should be carefully followed.
Florlda Sjunnyfields, February, 1937
The prinia O as of blindness
in hens is worms.
Be sure to feed the old hens
plenty during their molt.
A new British machine tests and
grades 3,000 eggs an hour.
Young turkeys, or poults, require
more attention than nearly any oth-
It takes from 4 to 12 weeks to
tell whether a baby chick is male
The first medication of a hen quit-
ting is a comb starting to dry up
and old feathers easily pulled out.
A Legohorn hen in Japan is cred-
ited with a world record in egg-
laying. According to reports this
hen allowed herself only four holi-
Saysd and shelled out 361 eggs in
Have plenty of nests. Nests are
easily built but too often neglected.
DR. W. M. LYN N
Phaset Jefrson St. ORLANDO
Matthew A rilt
GOAT DA IR Y
FtreCh Alpine Goats
Does For Sale-Bred Yearling and
9-months Old Does
All letters cheerfullly answered.
2 711 Twenty-Second St. Tampa, Fla.
ON'S BABY CHICKS
a Certified Officially Supervised
ce Strong, Uniform Chicks, with Elec-
ncubators, a Modern Plant where
QUA ~ITY RULES.
By Mrs. S. F. Matthews
Capensis Goat Dairy, Homstead, Fla.
There is no "best" breed of milk
goats. Judging from a five years'
experience with the principal milk
breeds, and a wide reading on the
subject, (we take three goat jour-
nals) we believe each breed has its
good points, and some traits that are
not so desirable. Of course. we have
our preference, else we would not be
specializing in one breed. But we
see no reason why others may not be
smecere and satisfied in their learn-
mng toward other breeds.
There are four principal milk
breeds in the U. S., the Toggenburgs,
Saanens and Alpines, being originally
from Switzerland, and the Nubian, of
African and Indian origin.
There are more Toggenburgfs in
America than any others, probably
because more were imported, and so
got a better start. They are a me-
dium-sized animal, and are various
shades of brown, from pale fawn to
almost black, with white markings on
face and legs. They are good milkers,
many being in the "Advanced Regis-
try," usually have nicely ;haped ud-
de~rs, and are probably the most pro-
lific breed, often having triplets.
The kids of this breed are very
winsome; and a herd of fine Toggen-
burgs, such as that of the Tropical
goatery, near Miami, is exceedingly
attractive. The most famous doe of
this breed was Polly Mack, whose
milk record was 14.6i pounds per day.
bTehde pSrn taee lanotherofS ss
hnedbig mil reh -ds 1aPancaan auoduiall
an imported Saanen, has the world's
cord ofa 20 trounds lIothunce t r
breed crowd her record closely.
Saanens are usually white or cream,
ihug tdaee-ecaoe soccasionally those
milk has not as high a fat content
as the Nubians, it might be pointed
out that it is not the butter fat that
is its most valuable ingredient, but
its mineral content.
Saanens ar~e not perfect. A point
not often mentioned or admitted, is
that they often have just one kid
when they freshen. And like the
sote sn s s bge eIdm, heirtob ed in
and winter month. There are, of
course, exceptions to this rule. Being
Ilarge, Saanens are ordinarily very
qu el. itlot tahnert1 us b e|1s red,
are much like the Saanens. Some
breeders contend that they are iden-
tical with the Saanens, except for
color (they may be almost any color)
and that a larger percentage of them
seem to have horns. (About 30% of
other breeds are horned).
Nubians, originally from East Cen-
tral Africa, and India, were first im-
ported into England, where they were
crossed with the English dairy goat.
Hence the term often applied to them,
of Anglo-Nublians. They are char-
acterized by their long lop ears, Ro-
man noses, and their short, wavy,
glossy coats. They may be any color
or combination of colors. While they
give the least of the dairy breeds,
their milk is high in fat content. And
we are told by several Nubian dairies
that their milk will keep longer, and
retain its fine flavor longer than the
Swiss breeds. They are medium to
large in size. One point in their
favor, is that they will breed at al-
most any season of the yrear, thus
enabling the owner of several does
to have a supply of milk at all sea-
sons. And the bucks, as a rule, have
less objecionable odor than do those
of other breeds.
A fifth and little known breed, is
the Murciana, from Spain. They are
a small breed, with a deep red or
mahogany color, short hair, and have
the reputation of giving a large
amount of milk for their size.
All these milk breeds, when
healthy and well cared for, are at-
tractive, andi the baby kids are truly
i any nultrymen stl rhaverfaid
cins It astils ra sac tatf aInt
die at d cddA fle rmfu S du
bicarbonate,ao bkmn re da, is p i
harmfu~l to adults under certain cir-
cumstances. This fact was brought
to at en ion svereal yarstaso 2aadn
says thle Pacific Rural Press.
r-- "n... "' ,mn ....~~ ""' ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
mf e produl
-s e- sr/4 wr tric II
Barred Rocks--Reds--White Leshorns w ""'"s'NoOWRIggrO'LDR
Bronze furkeys-B~reeders, Eggs, Baby Poults
Every Bird bred and grown on the HYLTON FARM
Hy (On Poultry Farms Orange, Virginia
Breeding of Milk Goats *
Southern Poultry and Small Stock
Laying Masth and Grain
in Hopprrs for Pullets
The conventional system cd Yeed-
ing well matured pullets is either to
keep a good laying mash and grain
beoe t itn tpene yopeateel
ing it once or twice daily, advises
a writer in Wallaces' Farmer.
If satisfactory production can not
be obtained by these methods, one
may feed a crumbly mash and use
In any case, a flock owner should
not attempt to follow definite feed-
ing instructions, but rather should
feed enough grain' to maintain satis-
factory body weight.
Normally, a hundred hiens will eat
twenty-two to twenty-five pounds of
feed daily, of which seven to ten
pounds is mash and twelve to six-
teen pounds is grain. Since grain is
more palatable than mash, there is
no dangerhof the flock eating too
much mas .
*. T, *
Homes, Giroves, Rentals
53 East;Church Street
Other agricultural highlights of
Madison county include terracing
work---over 15 miles of terrace lines
having been built--and the prospect
of the 1937 4-H club enrollment be-
ing the largest in the history of the
work in this section.
Special prizes are offered for ex-
hibits of either steers or breeding ami-
mals by 4-H club members, and in-
dications are that around 50 entries
will be made in this class. Club boys
of Madison county alone are feeding
For the first time in several years,
4-HI club work is under way in Brad-
ford county. Under the leadership
of County Agent T. K. McClane, Jr.,
4-H1 clubs have been formed at Hamp
ton, Brooker, Lawtey, and Starke.
Miriam Miller of Winter Park was
elected president of the Orange
County Junior Council for 4-H1 club
eirlat a recent meeingm an SO lad
Conway, vice-president; Frances
Broome of Conway, secretary; and
Ethel Dale of Union Park, treasurer.
Mrs. Nellie W. Taylor, home agent,
is in charge of 4-H club work in
Orange county. ***
Do not feed your hens on any one
given feed. Variety is always ad-
A poultry calendar, with hints for
every month of the year, has been
prepared by the New York State col-
lege of agriculture.
Old eggs are known by their shad-
ows. Poultry experts at Ohio State
university say the eggs who-,e yolks
throw a distinct shadow when\ the
eggs are candled are no longer
lId Thrift Chicks
.YS PROFITS + BIG EGGS
We Know How to Breed and Hatch Chicks
NINE STANDARD BREEDS:
ICK White Leshorns Buff Leghorns Ancones
White Plymouth Rocks New Hampshire
Barred Plymouth Rocks Australorps
FROM Buff Minorces Rhode Island Reds
1+2,~Prices from $6.95 to. $8.90 per hundred
B. W. D.Add le per chick if less than 100echicks
TESTED Don't delay I Place your order now with
full confidence. We stand back of every
FL OCKS chick we sell; youlmust be sattisfied,
100%/ live delivery. Write us your wants
R OntMERi~OSO -HAGTCHIERY
Telephone 278-2 BROOKSVILLE, FLA*
V enuill nd no ee se eetlno-sers
a eiitifoe uid edti yoto n ollts e\T Ctht aedst
*HOW TO GETI better hatching o~-Better
bnEarlie c athLrn al ain .n ritb
*(f*e Ob ess-ae *EN 8 ke a
broilers, etc., ete.
otnlLr Mm at "ee
duc.o eoka-- ew an epa in
LetthM book show the wy to bet-
hel sup9,nyto s over-ret b
Order Your Copy Today from
orannd Small Stock
4-H Polr I d
Corn SOWS tcaturel
Closing day of the Central Florida
Exposition, Fe~bruary 4O, has been
named 4-H1 Club Day by the fair
management, and all 4-H club boys
and girls in Central Florida are ex-
tended an invitation to be guests of
the management on that day. Spe-
cial 4-H club displays are featured
throughout the exposition.
The 4-H poultry show is one of
the outstanding events at the expo-
sition. Dan F. Sowell, assistant ex-
tension poultryman with the State
Agricultural Extension Service in
Gainesville is superintendent. Prizes
are offered for best single birds en-
tered by 4-H1 boy or girl, and for best
displays from counties. Similar in-
dividual prizes are offered for the
e sh w
eg po ltry judging contest, with
teams of three members from a coun-
ty, is attracting a great deal of in-
terest among 4-H club boys and girls.
Grand prize is a $100 scholarship to
the State College for Women or Uni-
versity of Florida.
In addition to the poultry show and
judging contest, there is a 4-H corn
CATTLE ON FEED FOR
FLORIDA STOCK SHOW
Madison county farmers and 4-H
club boys are evincing much interest
in the Fat Stock Shdw to be held in
Jacksonville in March. Farmers are
feeding 620 steers, while 4-H club
boys are feeding 24 steers for the
event, County Agent S. L. Brothers
BIG BIRDS QUALITY PA
Southern Poultry and Small Stock
Grow Healthy Chick Plan KAY & COMPHY, Inc.
4 blades. Mighty handy.
Sell only six packages Lib-
ert nlk Pouwders 25 ith inPac age
to Sell. Wiritetoday. Bend no money
---we trust you.
The Liberty Company
Station D, Box 4200 -Cleveland, Ohio
If you do not find listed in this
department what you
want, write us
Information Dept., this Miagazine
All About Game Chickens
Breeding, raising, preparing for
battle. Games are raised all
over the country for profit, plea-
s gaainnd tlse you alils mu w
Sto know. Sample copy 10 cents,
or year's subscription one dollar.
GAME FOWL NEWS
develops rapidly during the summer
and comes into production in early
fall, when egg prices are rising.
Early-hatched broilers are also ready
to sell when prices rise.
Hatching eggs and baby chicks
should be obtained from strong, vig-
ourous flocks that are free of disease
and are of high production and stand-
ard breeding. Quality is foremost in
this matter, Mr. Mehrhof says.
The interior of each brooder house
should be thoroughly cleaned and dis-
infected before a new crop of chicks
is put into it and before it is moved
to new land. The house should be
cleaned regularly and syistematically.
As soil contamination has been re-
sponsible for a large percentage of
chick mortality, the p~oultryman should
rotate his land every three or four
years for chick and pullet production.
To grow and develop normally, baby
chicks much receive a balanced ration.
Pullets should be separated from
cockerels as soon as possible. If the
cockerels are to be used for~l broilers,
they should bekept in limited quar-
ters and fed a fattening ration until
sold. Growing pullets should be
placed on clean range, housedl in range
helt develop nto tron vir o2u b r
The improved methods that are now
being practiced by Madison county
farmers are the result of the efforts
of various agricultural agencies and
, few undeividualsa entrn mm c sa
During the last five years the numn-
,00 tofhick ns has increased frona
"I believe that a continued interest
will be shown throughout the county
and with the experience the average
tame ha 1incrnianrd t poultry, th t
the county and the numbers will be
increased," said Mr. Brothers
Memphis Hen Adopts K~ittens
Mrs. R. H. Reese's hen had gone
through the hot summer days placid-
ly hatching her eggs. She was con-
tent for a few days when Mrs. Reese's
cat became the mother of qluadruplets.
The hen set and brooded, but later
began sittingT on and taking care
of the kittens.
There is little profit in keeping
pullets that do not lay at least 140
eggs per year. It takes that many
eggs to pay for feed and other ex-
Ladies' and Gentlemen's Wrist Watches
You may pay with Old Gold
A good place to buy Engagement
and Wedding Rings
53 E. CHURCH ST.
By Pror. N. R. MehrhoF
Extension Poultryman, ~Floridat State
Reduction of chick mortality and
production of high quality pullets are
the primary aims of the 1937 Grow
Healthy Chick Program sponsored by
the State Algricultral Exteniion
Service, according to Norman R. Mehr-
hof, extension pcultryman,
For most Florida producers, the
chick season will get' under way this
month and will run
through March and
April and, accordingly,
the Extension Service
will stress its Grow
Healthvr Chick program
during these three months.
The program, Mr. Mehrhof ex-
plains, has been developed around six
fundamental points t be considered
in poultry production: early hatching,
hatching eggs and chicks from sound
and vigorous flocks of standard breed-
ing and high production, sanitary
brooder houses, clean land, balanced
rations, and separation of pullets from
co et eoo st tt be re hoth eate ,
MADISON COUNTY FARMERS
SHOW POULTRY INTEREST
Poultry in Madison county is be-
gmnning to receive mol~ attention fom
10 to 20 years ago, according to S.
c re asgie tao th purcas of bao
chicks, method of feeding and hous-
ing of poultry as compared to the
past. Until recent years, the aver-
age farmer thought little or nothing
from which hatchery he purchased his
baby chicks, nor was he interested as
to the production records that wer~e be-
hind the baby chicks that he was buy-
ing. In Madison county today it is
not an uncommon thing to see on
number of farms a homne-made
brooder and a considerable impr~ove-
ment in types of feeders.
Some- form of artificial heat is used
so that an early pullet crop can be
had whereas a few years ago brooder
houses were given no consideration
neither was artificial heat considered
as most chicks were raised under a
mother hen and were hatched at a
much later date. Mature hens were
allowed to roost in trees or nearby
out-buildings, fences, etc.
Ashe~ville, N. C.
Sn ta m B00 S
COrniSh S itiS
J 8pa Re 8S
These Books are Illustrated and
Fully Describe Three Good
Breeds. Size 3x8 inches
Price 50c Each Postpaid
Published by the Bantam World,
Only Magazine on the Bantam
Families in the United States
Orders Booked by
and SMALL STOCK
Florlda Sunnyfields, February, 1937
Sussestions Rabbat Breeders
S--TIBBARE SIAR MAKE MONEY
We furnish breeding stock at low
cost and contract for all you raise.
Mfake $100.00 Month and More
Write for free literature and
Our Plan to Sucess
I. W. Taylor Rabbit Co. Inc
"The South's Leading Rabbitry"
3338 Lang Ave., Hapeville, Ga.
-' ~"'"''" """" "" " "" """"""""""" """
SRAB BITS frYSa I
Red and White New Zealands,
Havanas Champagne, Heavy
Weight Chinchillas and
Write for prices.
Jess J. Strosnider, Prop.
Rfd. 8. Mount Washington, O.
MAKE MORE MONEY WITH
47They alre year around layers of
SHigh-Grade,, Hnow-White Eggs
that brings Top Prices throughout
the year. They are easily raised and
are not subject to poultry diseases.
I~ritp for prices on
Matured Stock and Hatching Eggs
C. M. REECE
DONNOHA, NORTH CAROLINA
s Latest Revised
is not the way to keep rabbits, and
breeders who raise and keep stock in
this way are taking a chance, which
may result in the loss of the entire
herd. Disinfectants are good and
there are many of them, but the best
of them will be of little use unless
the hutches are cleaned before dis-
Many breeders wean the young too
soon, that they may start breeding
again, but I would rather have ten
good rabbits than twenty culls. I
know that there are a great many w~ho
are in favor of weaning early, but
my experience has been that if real
large, vigorous stock is wanted it is
advisable to leave the young with the
doe for two~ months or ten weeks.
A great difference will be noted be-
tween those that are weaned e-?rly
and late. And there is some diffr~-
ence in does about weaning their
and naturally the young have to look
and naturally th young have to look
elsewhere for food. In this case it
is best to feed them milk for a while.
either cow's or goat's milk, the latter
is much preferred. It has always
ben my practice to keep the rabbits just
a. little hungry by feeding only what
they will clean up within a reasonable
length of time, say twenty minutes
to about one-half hour.
alanofrddonublingenhe average out-put
Sees Cash in Frogs
Dr. J. D. Chunn, Osceola county
physician and pioneer medical at St.
Cloud, has developed a large frog
farm, east of that city, and estimates
35,000 young frogs now growing in
nth pso 1swill be ready for market
He has a large artificial pond well-
stocked with breedingf frogs and
spawning of these the past summer
promises a far greater number for
By V. M. Couch
Recognized Authority on Various
Farm Industries, Ithaca, N. Y.
When feeding green stuff to rab-
bits it is necessary to use more cau-
tion than with dry food, and only
the best of any kind should be used.
Clean oats, whole or crushed, bright-
well-cured clover or alfalfa and some
green food daily make up the ration
for most rabbitries.
There are many kinds of rabbit
foods on the market. After using one
kind for scme time. be careful when
making a change. Feeding seems to
be the greatest problem the rabbit
breeder has. There are so many ways
of feeding that no one seems to be
just right at all times. The one that
has proved best should be continued,
rather than to experiment with the
hope of improving the ration and per-
haps result in a costly experiment.
In a warm climate or during the
summer season, it is quite necessary
to clean the hutches often, say three
or four times a week, if they are
kept sanitary. The writer has seen
butches that looked as if they never
had been cleaned; and still the owner
had very few losses, nevertheless, it
POULTRY COUNCIL MEETS
Election of officers and reports on
various phases of poultry work were
features of the recent meeting of
the Florida Poultry Council in Or-
lando. New officers are Lawrence
Irvin. Callahan, chairman; Francis
Corrigan, Brade~nton, vice chairman;
and Norman R. Mehrhof State Exten-
sion poultryman, secretary.
LARGE EGG SHOWN
A seven-months' old New Hamp-
shire pullet, one in a flock owned by
B. M. Barnhill, of St. Augustine road,
near Jacksonville, by producing re-
cently four eggs weighing a total
of 18 ounces in two weeks, is believed
to have established a record along
An egg was displayed which from
end to end measured nine inches,
while the egg was an even four
inches in diameter. Candling in-
dicated that the shell enclosed two per-
fectly formed yolks. The first giant
egg, Barnhill declared, was Cegarded
as an oddity but he is now inclined
to believe he has a super-fowl cap-
The Stanrdard of P$
Indispensable Tko All Breeders And
Judges of Standard-Bred Poultry
Published or t he American Poultry Association and the only rec-
ogn~ized authority. Follow-ed by all judges in all poultry shows- in
thle U. S. and Canada and by all sucessful breeders. Describes the
requirements for shape and color of every, section of every variety
of Standard-bred fowls, turkeys, duchr, sc:-se and bar.tams.
suserrn ,hn soci Il aretinl tiv ser ierat tor litana
page? glsry ri tehicot fra tmq wit crmnsr olDrlctu andoetect ve
combs, backed talls, color patterns, ete., discounts for defects, etc. Study
tPthi o ald kno elth 2.Iualtt $nd value dt your owls. 500 pages.
AM~ERICAN PouLTRY Ass'N, FD-og wge,~'
Florlda Sunnyfields, February, 1937
Lee's Southeastern Champion Bronze
BETTER THAN EVER
Placed nine out of ten at Southeastern Fair,
Atlanta--45 Turkeys in Show.
25 Young Toms, with Large Spots and
Bands, Standard Weights and Above
$8 and $10 Each
First Young Tom Texas Centennial heads
our BEST PEN. Booking EGG ORDERS.
LEE'S TURKEY FARM, RED 0AK, GA.
R DON'T MISS AN ISSUE OF
Sold lefH P0llity aHQ Small Stock
Send your subscription today, please
Each issue chock full of interest and color
CLIP, SIG N AND MAIL
SOUTHERN POULTRY AND SMALL, STOCKS,
Here's the 2D5 ents for on yar' subscription to S.P. and S.S. I will
be looking for next month's issue.
Name ..---- -- ------ Date --.-----.------------------199
In Michigan eggs are sold by the
It is a severe drain on a bird to
go through the molt.
Hens that grow broody often are
likely candidates for culling.
Dry mash made of mixed grains
can be kept before the birds in
hoppers all the time profitably.
Bantams, being small, require but
minimum space. A 4 by 12 foot in-
closure six feet high will be found
Barley alone may not be too h~eat-
ing but has not the proper quahi-
ties for a balanced ration. Use
some wheat and oats, as well as
the barley; also green feed and
During the winter hens cannot
keep up a high egg production un-
less they are properly managed,
according to C. F. Parrish, exten-
sion poultryman at North Carolina
State college. Feeding, he points
out, is perhaps the most important
item. No hen can be expected to
do her best unless fed the proper
grains, mashes, and green feeds.
Then the poultryman must pay
strict attention to the housing prob-
lem. Poorly constructed and drafty
houses are not conducive to high
egg production. The houses must
be comfortable or the birds will suf.
fer and a consequent decline in the
number of eggs will be noted.
Inferior birds should be culled
from the flock. These poor produc-
ers, if allowed to remain, will bring
the average of the flock down
Street or Rfd. ~. ~.
--- - -------------- -- ~.~~~ State ~.------------------
You can send four subscriptions at 25 cents each, and receive your
own paper free.
May Be Checked
Nation-wide recognition has come
to research workers at the Cornell
poultry department for their work
on the cause and prevention of per-
osis, a bone deformity in young
kteto .of sieni to hrouhoaus t te
country for years.
The Cornell investigators have
been experimenting for the past two
years on the relation of certain in.
organic elements to this disorder
in chicks.utThe rdo no eannloneu sa
elements have in the cause and
prevention of this disorder.
The scientists announce that per-
osis is due to the lack of certain
inorganic elements, of which man-
ganese is notable, and that an ex-
cess of calcium and phosphorus
makes the condition worse. They
discovered that the perosis-prevent-
ing property of common feed stuf~fs
was roughly in proportion to their
manganese content. By means of a
spectroscopic analysis, considerable
manganese and traces of iron were
detected in substances used in their
studies. Aluminum also entered into
Centering attention on manganese,
the investigators had to work with
measurements as fine as 0.0025 per
cent, which is 25 parts to a million,
adding that amount to a diet al-
ready containing 0.0010 per cent-
This amount was found to be quite
effective in preventing perosis
where 1.0 and 1.2 per cent of calcium
was present in the ration. It also
worked with similar levels of phos-
Alumlinum and zinc were shown to
have similar but less effective pre-
ventive action. A mixture of man-
ganese, aluminum, and zinc pre-
vented the disorder at the lower cal-
cium and phosphorus levels and, in
addition, benefited growth slightly.
The Cornell research workers say
results have merely demonstrated
the importance of manganese and
certain other trace elements-in pre-
venting perosis. Now they intend to
'determine the quantities of the el-
ements needed to best handle the
Millions of pounds of liquid eggs
are shipped into the United States
every year from China, where poul-
try production is of nondescript
character, and these are used main-
ly by bakeries and candy manufac-
turers-these imports despite the
need of this domestic market for
the domestic pJoultry men. Now
comes w~ord that these imported
eggs are a mo~nace to heah~h, even
it cooked; cooking; does not destroy
all disease-producing organisms.
Southern Poultry and Small Stock
Saarnen M~illk Goats
The Big White Swiss Breed
Buff Orping~ton Poultry
CapenSIS Goat Dairy
Mr. & Mrs. S. F. Matthews, Haometead, Fla.
4 HI club work offered ~the larger
part of the inspiration as well as part
of the finances necessary.
The GOAT WOR LD
Official organ of
The American Mill< Goat
Oldest and largest Milk Goat Magazine
published. Broadest circulation. Art-
icles by best authorities. Subscription
rate one year, $2.00; three years, $64.00;
five years, $6.00. Three months' trial
subscription, 50c. Sample copy 20c
THE GOAT WORLD
R. W. Blacklock,
State Boys' Club Agent, Gainesville
This is the twentieth year for 4-H
club work in Florida and it might be
timely to give a brief report of what
has been accomplished during this time
for the benefit of the farm boys in
Since 1914 over 75,000 projects
have been carried on by our club boys.
Over half a million bushels of corn
have been raised with an average
value of 75 cents per bushel. About
10,000 bales of cotton were grown
worth another half a million. 50,000
pigfs have~ been grown out until today
there is hardly a herd of hogs in 1
Florida that does not carry the blood
of a club pig. The first carload of
breeding hogs to be shipped into the
state was for pig club work. Over
300 purebred heifers were brought
into Florida for the! dairy club boys.
is not to be compared in true value
with the profit as shown in educa-
tion, training and inspiration. The
true worth of 4-H club work is in
the effect upon the future lives of
our members. The inspiration to
achieve and the training in meeting
the problems of day by day living
which club work ha:; given its mem-
bers for thle past 20 years cannot be
measured in dollars, still it stands out
as the greatest achievement of the
4-HI club program in aiding: Flroida
One yardstick for measuring the
result of the inspiration imparted to
farm boys is the member who has
been inspired to get a college educa
tion. We cannot say just how many
boys went to college because of club
w/orkl but we do know that six~ty boys
have been awarded scholarships to
the college of agriculture as prizes.
We know that very few of these boys
4-H CLUB CAMPS TRAIN FOR CITIZENSHIP AND USEFULNESS
Many of these are now high produc-
ing sows. Thousands of acres of
peanuts, sweet potatnes and truck
crops werle raised by our mem~bers.
Thousands of dollars worth of chickens
and eggs: have been produced. The
value of all products g~rowin by club
members for the past tweint~y years
would total in the millions. Not all
projects wereF profitable some ev~en
showing a slight loss but the nert
profits to our members would b at
last one million dollars.
The financial profit, while large,
w-ould have thought of going to col-
lege had it: not been for 4-H club
aork. Ma~ny boys have 'attended
Other colleges bceause of the inspira-
tioin received from club wocrk. we
have old 4-H elub boys who are nowv
lawyers, doctors,, mluisiter~s. bu:,im sf
m~en, editors anrd bankers as well as
count:: agrnts, agricultura-l scientists
and farmers.: The present county
agent staff in Florida has seven
agents wh~o were once 4-II club boy;.
Something gave these farm boys in-
spirati n and we likeC to thinkl that
4-H ub ork Melps r arm Boys
~ ~ r
9~9~~~''~2hA ~ ~ ~~h ~~r4~c
Southern Poultry and Small Stock
White Holland Utility Breeding Stock
MARNCH AND APRIL HATCHED
HenS (14 Ibs) $5 Toms (26 Ibs) $8
Unrelated Trio $18 and $20,
Limited Number Early Eggs, $25 per Hundred
NOWSGELL TURKEY FAR M, Maitiand, Fla.
For information relative to
Write E. S. CENTER, JR., General Agricultural Agent
Atlanta and West Point Railroad Company
The Western Railway of Alabama
Potatoes for Chickens;
Fattening, Egg Producers
When unrixarketable potatoes are
available, they can be used to ad-
vantage for poultry feeding, either
for fattening poultry or for egg pro-
duction, according to a writer in
Potatoes should not be regarded
as a succulent feed or as a green
feed even though they contain ap-
proximately 80 per cent of water.
They must be cooked before feed-
ing and simply served as a partial
substitute for grain. Their value
becomes apparent when the solids
or dry matter content of corn and
wheat is directly compared with
that of potatoes with a similar mois-
In other words, if 70 p~er cent of
the water is removed from pota-
toes, the composition of the remain-
ing residue becomes practically the
same as that of corn and wheat in-
sofar as protein, carbohydrates, and
digestible nutrients are concerned.
It is because of the high water con-
tent (80 per cent) of potatoes, as
compared to that of corn and wheat
(about 10 per cent), that 4 to 5
pounds of potatoes are required to
substitute for 1 pound of grain.
Hence, a simple, convenient meth-
o~d for calculating the approximate
feeding value of a bushel of po-
tatoes is to divide the current price
per bushel of corn or wheat by 4.1:.
Culling Layiing Flock
cunling is almost a continuous
process and should be practiced
throughout the year. For the laying
flock, however, says a North Caro-
lina State College authority, the
most rigid culling is done toward
the end of the laying period which,
ur-der normal c~ondit'ions begins in
midsummer and continues through
the fall months. Watch the flock
carefully and cull out these birds
that go into a molt during the warm
season. It is sometimes stated that.
when a flockr, especially in the sum-
mler months, falls below 30 percent
production it is time to cull the
entire flock. However, the prit'e re-
ceived for eggs, the price of feed,
and the feed cos;t per dozen eggs
will determ~ine the t me and mnten-
sity of culling.
ToJiZ tta~l Feed aten Counts
Whether it be the all-mash meth-
od, hoppe-r feedmer of grain and
Inash, or hopper feed~ingb of mash
alnd hand feeding of grain, the im-
portant thing is the total pounds
of feed eaten each day. MyS stand-
ard is not less than 30 pounds of
total feed a day to each 100 Reds
or Rockcs, and slightly less for Leg-
horris. You can get the results
with any of the methods, says a
poultry expert writing in the Boston
4 Hunter Street S. E.
Feed High; Cull
By Roy 8. Irearstyne. Head of Poultry De
apartment, North edr lie Sate col-
The high price of feedstuffs is
leading to a critical situation in the
poultry industry. Small flock owners
are especially hard, hit.
But regardless of price, the poul.
tryman cannot compromise with
balanced feeding if he hopes to
maintain the quality of his flock.
Very cheap mashes are usually
low ;In digestibility and thus are
costly in the long run.
If you have inferior birds in your
flock cull them out and spend your
money only to feed the really good
birds. If you cannot afford to feed
all your birds well, keep only those
you can afford to feed.
If there has been a time during
the past ten years when poultry.
men had to cull very carefully,
now is that time.
To meet high feed prices, thle aver,
age production per bird in th~e flock
must be increased, and this can be
done by keeping only the highest
The lesson of this year should be
sufficient to prove to all poultry.
men that a better breeding program
for the future is imperative. If more
attention had been paid to breeding
in the past poultrymen would not
be so bothered by high prices now.
br ddih rnow isutheetirnVt star!
ing the breeding birds, place the
males in the pens inl time to adapt
themselves to new conditions be-
fore eggs are saved for hatching.
Be sure that only vigorous,
healthy, standard males of gooud type
are placed in the breeding pens.
There should be one male for every
14 to 16 females of the American
Care of Mu!scovv Ducks
The general management of Mus-
covy ducks is the same as that of
other breeds. In a few points there
is a slight difference. They are
more of a meat eating variety, and
the addition of 5 per cent beef meal
to their ration will take care of that
part of the management. They will
breed in trios or one male to four
females, just the same as other
birds. They require houses which
are considerably warmer than do
ordinary ducks, because they are a
tropical breed and will not stand
very cold weather.
W~hen writing to advert isers
please mention 'Southern Poultr~y
and Small Stock.
Florlda Sunnyfields, February, 1937
up to market at a cost not to ex-
ceed $1.00 per bird for feed purchased.
The raising of turkeys in confine-
ment has not been successful. Ex-
ercise in the open field is very nee-
essary tr their health and the brood-
ing of young poults requires too much
time d**J personal attention, and in
confinement it is almost impossible
to keep down "Black Head" and
other diseases, There is compara-
tively little danger from "Black Head"
in Florida, because it is a soil borne
disease and the greatest infestation
is fund where turkeys and hens and
chickens are allowed to roam together.
It is not good practice for Leghorns,
Plymouth Rocks, Rhode Island Reds
and other hens to range with turkeys,
even in Florida.
Of the six varieties of turkeys
Whiedin lorida n(Bronzce, Nrag adn
Bourbon Red), the Bronze is no doubt
the best. They are heaviest and most
T Whi Hn ar tel bestnlnreeders.
and the Bourbon Reds are rather more
domestic. The Bronze is the nearest
to the wild Florida turkey, as stated
above. Some turkey raisers in Flor-
ida have succeeded in breeding the
Bronze to our native wild bird, and
have developed a very hardy and pro-
li s xac safe and economical way
to make a start is to buy eggs and
hatch and rear them under an ordi-
nary chicken hen. Eight or ten poults
can be raised by one hen. Turkeys
as a side line are most profitable, as
well as most fascinating to anyone
so inclined. Randall's Magazine.
Protect th~e Poultry House
If the poultry house is badly ex-
posed to north winds, banking it
with a wall of straw or corn fodder
'will give added protection even if it
is insulated inside. If lack of time,
inclination, money, or uncertain
tenure makes inside insulation out
of the question, remarkably ef-
fective results may be obtained
through the use of liberal quantities
of corn fodder or straw be packed to
the eaves and krept in place by boards
or fencinlg.--Wallaces' Farmer.
The average egg production of
hens in the United States in 1934 was
Nevada's poultry anld egg co-op-
eratives report business increased
366 per cent during the 1935-56 mar-
When turkeys eat feathers the
vice may be controlled by feeding
clover, alfalfa, or soybean hay. A
supply of fibrous grains, such as
oats, barley and buckwheat, help
to curb the habit.
The fact that wild turkeys are quite
abundant in Volusia county is good
evidence that this section is well
adapted to the raising of domestic
The sandy soil and warm sunshine
of Florida is conducive to successful
turkey industry. Turkey raising is
an agricultural activity especially
adapted to the women folks of the
farm. The natural motherly qualities
and the aptitude which they possess
to attend to the details of the caring
for the young turkeys makes them
better fitted to raise turkeys success
fully than the men folks.
To one who has not been accus-
tomed to the raising of turkeys it is
well to begin with a small flock. Eggs
can be bought and hens can be nested
and brooded near the house. It
would be difficult to name any other
farm side line which would yield
better returns. With prices as at
present a flock can be reared from
fifteen to twenty hens that will give
a net profit of four to five hundred
dollars annually. The cost of rais-
ing turkeys is relatively small if they
are given good range, as by habit
they range wide, depending somewhat
on the specific breed of turkey.
The Bronze turkey, which is more
closely allied to Florida's wild tur-
key, is the most rangy bird of all,
while the White Holland is more do-
mestic, and does not range as wide.
Bugs, grasshoppers, seeds, acorns,
and green feed, if the birds are giv-
en wide range, will give them 75 per
cent of their needed ration; even with
the high price of grain, turkeys if
given a good range can be raised
MII~V ~ IIrurrun
On t o o fo n it f
FOg VB Oh ag fsxmnh a
pigds atd thege ofam six monts was
Weight according to age, number of
pigs in the litter, and economy of pro-
duction were among the points con-
One of the litters was grown by
'Walton Wingard of Grady, Ala., who
belongs to the Ramer 4-H club and
F. F. A. chapter. He bought a Duroc-
Jersey sow from H. C. Gardner of
Ramer and bred her to a Poland
China boar. A litter of ten pigs, one
being born dead, was dropped March
27th. The nine live pigs grew stead-
ily from birth. At the age of three
months the nine weighed 810 pounds,
and when sixteen weeks old averaged
130 pounds each.
Walton has been a 4-H Club mem-
ber six years and a vocational student
for three. His brother, Samuel, is
also a 4-H boy and the two together
have bought two registered Duroc-
Jersey gilts and plan to raise reg-
istered pigs for sale. Their father,
Mr. E.F. Wingard, is a prominent
farmer of Grady community.
Through the efforts of Mr. Johnson
fifteen registered Duroc gilts have
been brought into Montgomery coun-
ty. during the past few months and
placed with farmers and 4-H mem-
bers. From these pure-bred pigs will
be produced to improve the hogs in
the coun~ty. .
___I_~~~~ ~ ~ ~ Il_R_:__-mYi
1--Pine Level 4-H Club Boys. 2--Ton Litter, owned by C. V. Heath.
3--Ton Litter (9 pigs farrowed March 27, 1936), owned by Walton Wingard,
Grady, Ala., 4-H Club Boy and F. F. A. member. 4--Registered D-zroc
Jersey gilts owned by Walton Wing~ard.
Farmers and 4-H Boys Tur I< e y Raisins +
I H B d.
NOW IS THE. TIME TO 'ORDER YOUR
:C ~our Orer NOW will give you chick's right when you want them.`
: The Flocks Behind Our Chicks1
SFOR 18 years in Tampa; we have been breeding,
hatching and raising from the Best Strains Money can
Buy, and have choice flocks of the Rest Breeds in the
South. No matter which breed you select for your
Flocks, you are sure of getting a High Quality start ,~;YW":rB&j%?$
: from chicks produced here.
.We hatch every chick we sell and every ji
:: chick is hatched in our two big Smith
.Incubators of 52,000 egg capacity each.
: They are bigger chicks. Result: Better
.chicks, bigger checks. i
We have the Largest and IMost Modern Equipped flatchery i he Solith:
: WE HAVE TWO -BIG HATCHES OFF EACH WEEK
:` AAA English White Leshorns ~ I('\ Black Australorps
.,AA English White Leghorns n ORDER -t Wiite WIyandottes
PtMisner White Leghorns 'I YOPI Buff Orpingtons
: New Hampshire Reds CHICK(S White Minorcas .
1 Rhode Island Reds BuFF M~inorca-ilte G sn .
~_Brown LeghornsAD W teGat
* Buff Leghorns ii PULLETS: I Black Giants,-'
. .Barred Rocks NOW B~uFF Rocks
: White Rocks Anconas
Rhode Island Reds and Games Crossed
Nothing has been left undone to give you READ THIS LIBERAL GUARANTEE
~ite greatest value ever offered in Baby Chicks,
, ig Husky Fellows; full of Pep and Life. We guarantee 100% LIVE DELIVERY on every shipment and
pay postage to your door. Just count your live chicks- have yo~ur
. Go after and get the Bigger Earnizigs that postman verify and sign your claim if y'ou do not; get full 100% ive
hh3IZfg 1asl 1 r g-B d PDllts raiseY from delivery, and we will either send chicks to replace. or refund your
OULTRYBL POTSwhSYLVAN' toney coeOig enu prefer. (Wel always put in a few extras; an,
igUPER QUALITY CHICKS. Send in your
"order today. Send for price-list. Don't "Keep Chi~ckens" L
: SPECIAL PRICES TO DEALERS Let Sylvain's Quality Chickens "Keep You."
Sylvain Poultry Farm and Hatchery
G. Sylvain. Prop. Ybor City Sta. E. Lake Ave. & 42nd St. Tampa, Fla. i