Group Title: Department of Soils mimeo report
Title: 1958-1959 fertilizer use in Florida
CITATION THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00091531/00001
 Material Information
Title: 1958-1959 fertilizer use in Florida
Alternate Title: Fertilizer use in Florida, 1958-1959
Department of Soils mimeo report 60-1 ; University of Florida
Physical Description: 7 leaves : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Pritchett, William L
University of Florida -- Dept. of Soils
University of Florida -- Agricultural Experiment Station
Publisher: Department of Soils, Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: August 1959
 Subjects
Subject: Fertilizers -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre: government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Statement of Responsibility: compiled by William L. Pritchett.
General Note: Cover title.
General Note: "August, 1959."
General Note: "Calculated from Florida State Department of Agriculture summary reports."--Leaf 1
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00091531
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 311081341

Full Text




IRWISrE~NT OF SOILS o Ns O REPORT No. 60o4


5 1000

U

I


I


fDeparteent of SoI
liorda AgriuMlturl Experdent Statios
Galnevilles norija


August, 1959






Department of Soils
Florida Agricultural Experiment Stations
Gainesville, Florida


1M8-19$9 FERTILIZER USE IN FLORIDA


1. Mixed FertilizersA A total of 1,296,611 tons of mixed fertilizers a mixture
oZ wo or more xertiliser materials were sold in Florida during the fiscal
year 1958-1959. This is a 0.2% decline from the previous year and a 1.6% decrease
from the record-high sales of 1956-57. These values were calculated from
reports by the fertilizer manufacturers to the State Department of Agriculture.
There were some 65 fertilizer manufacturers operating in the state during the
past year.
The graph on the cover page shows the consumption of mixed fertilizers during
the past 35 years.

The 15 Central counties used 596,790 tons or h6% of the total tonnage of mixed
fertilizesr.

The 18 South Florida counties used 471,787 tons or 36.4% of the total tonnage
The 34 North Florida counties the general farming area of the state used
228,033-ton or 17,F % of the total mixed fertilizers used in the state in 1958-59.

Fertilizer consumption in five counties, Polk, Lake, Palm Beach, Dade and Orangeq
accounted for more than 40% of the state total. Consumption in the respective
counties was 11,6, 7.8, 7.6, 7.0 and 6.6 percent of the state total.

There was a total of 78,385 tons of nitrogen, 83,787 tons of phosphoric acid
and 116,181 tons of potash sold in mixed fertilizers during the past year,
This represents a slight increase in nitrogen and potash use (1.3 and 2.7
percent, respectively) and a 2.0 percent decrease in phosphorus use, when
compared to the consumption in the previous year

The average content of N-PF205OK in mixed fertilizer sold in the state was
6o0-6.5-9,0. This is an average of 21.5 percent in primary plant food (Figure 1).

The 4-7-5 grade continued to be the most popular fertilizer grade, with 91,705
tons sold during the year. Other grades in the top 10 of which 30,000 tons
or more of each were sold are listed in order of sales:.)6-6-6; 0) 6-418;
)448-8;8 (5)4-12-121 (4)8-4-8; c()8-8=8 6(06-6-8; CW)6-88;g and O) 4-O107o
These 10 grades accounted for 43 percent of the total sales of mixed fertilizers.
llowever, there were 1030 grades of mixed fertilizers (containing 2 or more
primary plant nutrients) sold in 198319459.

Calculated from Florida State Department of Agriculture Summary Reports.
Compiled by William Lo Pritchett, Florida Agricultural Experiment Station,
Soils Departmento








There were 6,072 tons of id mixed fertilizers sold This was more than a
500 percent increase over the previs year

29 e-ria Fertilizer material is any substance containing nitrogen, phosphoric
acid, ptash, or any recognized plant food element or compound used primarily
for plant food There were some 753,196 tons of fertilizer materials sold for
direct application in Florida in 1958-1959. Agricultural limestone comprised
about three fourths of the total tonnage
Approximately 26,238 tons of N were sold as material for direct application.
This is about twent-five percent of the total amount of N (104,623 tons) used
in the state (Table )I7 .
Sodium nitrate continued to hold first position in total tonnage of nitrogen
materials (31,554 tons), with ammonium nitrate (2~,Il3 tons) supplying the
greatest amount of N for direct application. The consumption of calcium nitrate,
anhydrous ammoiia aTd nitrogen solutions continued to increase (Figure 3).
Approximately ten percent of the 93,202 tons of P20, used in the state was sold
as material (Table Z'-
Almost one-half of the P205 in materials was lderivd from the relatively insoluble
rock and colloidal phosphates
Only four percent of the 120,927 tons of K20 were sold as materials for direct
application (Table 3).
Nitrate of soda.potaah was the principle potash material used.

30 Lim~etoneWs There were 262 90 tons of calcitic limestone and 321 757 tons of
c-lB limestone used'i Florida for Agricultre poses in ye~ r 1958 1959
This total of 460 tons represents a twenty six percent increase over that used
in 1957-1958 (Figure L). Most of this increase was in dolomitic limestone sales,
The ten principle citrus producing counties (Polk, Lake, Orange, Hillsborough,
Saint Lucies Pasco, Highlands, Volusia, Pinellas and Indian River) consumed
107,I33 tons of high calcia and 195s651 tons of dolomitic limestone in 1958-1959o
This total of 33,O084 tons is fifty two percent of the consumption of agricultural
limestone for the state Daring the previous year (1957-1958) the consumption
in the same ten counties was 113,965 tons of high calcic and 124,075 tons of
dolomitic limestone for a total of 238,040 tons.






Table 1


Consmmption of Nitrogen Materials in Florida


Tons of Material. -J___ Tons
Prcont Nof
Somuces P ertrengen 9 195455 3.955-% 1956-57 1957-58 1958-59 1958-59
Ankarous Ammonium 82,0 152 1,087 1,727 3,19 3, 252 2,666,6
Ammonim Nitrate 33.5 13953. 13,357 18,326 19,331 2 24,412 8,178,2
AmonlIum Nitrate-La 20.5 5,9 i 5g,94 4,395 5,976 14,810 986.1
Ammoniua Sulfate 2o.0 2,820 2,53h 2,971 6,032 2,957 591.5
Aamonium Sulfate-Sitrate 26.0 1,701 625 6 47 1,100 286.0
Calcium Nitrate 155 l,181a4 10,92 6,077 93,148 109118 1,568.2
Castor Pomae $5. 3,322 1,681 2,595 2,563 4,169 225.1
Cottoaseed Haal 6.4 23 80 100 = 304 19o5
Cyanamid 20o6, 1,830 1,652 2,919 1822 1,9014 380.8
Manures, animal 1, 867 .765 883 1I836 3,267 b9.0
Nitrate of Soda 16.0 21,781 22,502 35,137 41,433 31,554 5,0o8,6
Nitrate of Soda-Potash 15o0 21,494 11,765 8,882 12,387 14,6U5 2,196.8
Nitrogen Solutions 32.0 2,728 7,043 5,928 7,043 2,253.9
3ieage Sludge 6.0 2,s50 5,298 5,921 6,96 695516 391.0
Tankage 6,0 1,987 2,319 2,612 3,102 187o3
Tobacco Stems 2,2 1,9347 1,599 4L691 703 881 19oi
Urea s5.o 2,602 2,812 3,848 2,816 2,185 983,0
MISC. MATERIALS (Amuoniated Superpphsphate, Dried Blood, Am!Ao-Phosphate, etc. 2,742 189.1



Total Materials 125,086 26,23745
Mixed Fertiliser 78 0


o0l,623.0


Total Nitrogen








Table 2


Consuaption of Phosphorus Materials in Florida


S .. ... .T. ons
Tons of Materials of
PeFoent P20g
Sources P20o 19515$U 1955-56j 1956-7 1 19S7-58 1 1958-59 19% 9

Ammoniated Superphosphate 16 6 77 37
AmornSated Triple Super*
phoepth-we 36 44a I I 101 3604
Amionium Phoshate 8 a 31 1 6 31 13oh
Basic Slag 12 3,51 4,ho08 3,156 4s71 5,317 638.0
Bone Meal 22 38 191 191 256 56o3
Raw Phosphate 32 14167 22,425 26,202 11,71 716 604 4,673o3
Superphosphates, ordo 19 6,821 8,719 8,566 7,060 7,7U8 1,472ol
Superphosphate, Trip.le 46 127 211 234 5190 3s900 1,794.0
MISC. (Calcium and Potassium Phosphatw'c Organic Materials, etc) 731o4


Total Materials
Mixed Fertilisers


Total f0 O


9,1l.9
83078720,
93,202.3









Table 3


Consumption of Potassium Materials in Florida


Tons of Materials of
percentt K20
Sources K20 1_ _5 1 955-.56 1956-57 1957-48 1 1958-9 .1958.9
Carbonate of Potash 62 88 110 136 137 154 95.5
ime-potash Mixture 16 1 1,282 205.1
Muriate of Potash 60 2, 63 2, 99 295 2,105 2,856 1,713,6
Mamk r salts 20 29 13 26 20 7 1o3
Nitrate of Soda-Potash 14 11,194 11,765 8,882 12,387 14,616 2,050.3
Sulfte of Potash 168 421 99 86 816 812 04.o2
Sulfate of Potash-eMagesia 22 887 583 $78 689 1,077 236.9
Tobacco Steaa 6,0 1,347 1,599 4,691 703 881 52.9
Wood Ashes 5.5 2,872 2,573 I 2,163 1,773 114 6,3
IaSC. (Potassium phosphates and organic mterials, etc.) 80.4


Total Materials
Mixed Fertilisers


Total K20


U,846o$
1162181.2
120,927.7





120


Figure 1 Consumption .of N, P20g and K20 in Mixed Fertilieas
in soridao


;O.


g~o0


o L-.....L.
Jul Aug
1958
Figure 2


Sept Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May JuiE Jm l
1959
Consumption of Mixed Fertilizer, Materials, and Agricultural
Limestone by months in Florida,, 19581959.




d


Sodumi Nil rate


= lr nium Nitra


Sitrats A. Am
0. So uj ionst fl
0 "
1938-39 19i84l9

Figure 3 nitrogen Materials Consumed in slorida


600





400






200 --





0

1938-39 19, -9
Figure 4 Consumption of Agricultural Limestone in Florida




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