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Preterm Infants and Maternal Voice, Family Visitation, and Discharge Timing
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 Material Information
Title: Preterm Infants and Maternal Voice, Family Visitation, and Discharge Timing
Series Title: Journal of Undergraduate Research
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Cimino, Jillian
Krueger, Charlene ( Mentor )
Publisher: University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2009
Abstract: The purpose of this pilot study was to describe the combined effect of exposure to a recording of maternal voice and family visitation on discharge timing in preterm infants cared for within a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) without an ongoing program of developmental care. Using a retrospective comparative design, a convenience sample of 67 preterm infants participated. Experimental infants participating in a larger ongoing study listened twice a day to a recording of their mother’s voice. Control infants received routine NICU care. The median number of family visits (3 per week) was used to differentiate between high (≥ 3) versus low (< 3) levels of visitation. A near significant reduction in the number of episodes of feeding intolerance (F = 3.16; p = .08) was noted between infants who heard the maternal voice recordings and whose families visited more often (experimental mean = 2.8; control mean = 5.5). A significant, yet counterintuitive finding, was noted in the number of days to discharge (i.e., the length of stay), independent of exposure to the maternal voice recordings (F = 8.42; p<.01). The number of days to discharge were fewer if family members visited less frequently (mean = 44.4 days) compared to those infants whose family visited more (mean = 61.3 days). Findings suggest that the combination of maternal voice and family visitation may have a positive effect on decreasing the number of days to discharge. Future research is needed to verify this combination's effect on discharge outcomes in preterm infants.
 Record Information
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
System ID: UF00091523:00575

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