3w_______ _- __EI.
Vol. 2, No. 12 NOVEMBER, 1914 $1.00 Per Year
By DR. FRANK CRANE.
"For which of you, intending to build a tower, sitteth not down first and
counteth the cost, whether he have sufficient to finish it?"
Did you sit down, 0 kings and rulers of Europe! and count the cost, before
you unsheathed the sword? Did you reckon these items? Seventeen million
men, the strongest, the fittest, healthiest of Europe, are withdrawn from the
work of creation and set at the business of destruction. They leave the plow,
the saw, the pen, and seize the rifle, the bayonet and the cannon.
The houses in which were happy families, the buildings where commerce
thrived, the cathedrals centuries old, the works of art, the structures that were
the joyous boast of cities and that strangers came to admire from the ends of
the earth, bringing their gold and silver with them to enrich you, are battered
down, blown up, or burned to the ground. You have darkened what thousands
of homes and set a guard of terror there. Many are the races and tongues of
men, but the sobs of mothers are of one language. From all Europe comes
that pitiful voice, ancient as the world's blood-lust, "the voice of lamentation
and weeping and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children and refusing
to.be comforted, because they are not." What'is the itch of your miserable
'' hLonor compared to the abysmal woe of these women? The shrill wails of
S millions of fatherless children, accusing you to heaven.
W And the boys, the handsome, brave hope of all, lying piled up on battle-
fllelds, their fair bodies chewed by the Minotaur of War; some dead, some
anguishedd by thirst and wounds.
Commerce paralyzed, mills still and vacant, shops closed, banks barred,
schoolhouses empty, mines deserted, fields and vineyards rotting, forests aflame,
cities looted, the armies of contented laborers gone back to the jungle-business
of man hunting; the cry everywhere of race-hate, "Kill, kill, kill!"
Did you count the cost?
Drained Muck Lands on Judge Andrews' Place
in Indian River Farms Showing Growth of
Yellow Daisies in October
Vero Will Have Citrus Exchange Packing House This Season
In only a little more than a week after the movement was started to establish an Exchange Packing House in
Vero, the growers met and organized the Vero Citrus Growers' Association. With enough money already
promised to build and equip the house, work will be started as soon as possible. About 10,000 boxes
of fruit were signed up at the meeting to go through the house and enough more has been
promised to assure a successful season. N. 0. Penny, F. Charles Gifford, and Louis Harris
of Vero, J. H. Helseth of Viking and W. R. Copeland. of Quay, were elected directors of the
Association. The Board then elected Louis Harris, President; N. 0. Penny, Vice-President and
F. Charles Gifford, Packing House Manager, and employed W. B. Davis as Packing House
Vero has the honor of being the first locality in St. Lucie County to organize a branch of
the Florida Citrus Exchange. Not only will it be' a big benefit to the Citrus Growers,
W but to the growers of vegetables as well, because the house can be
used for packing tomatoes and. other vegetables.
r r '-7
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- 4 .
You are born to victory.-Emerson
2 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
RELIEF FROM SHORTAGE IN
The United States must look to the
south for relief from the present short-
age in beef, according to the Year
Book of the department of agriculture,
which has just been issued. Not only
has beef production in this country
decreased until the imports are more
than one and one-half times greater
than the exports, but the number of
sheep and hogs sold has also been
greatly reduced, which will prevent
the public from turning to them as
substitutes for beef.
Only in the south are conditions
favorable for the development of cat-
tle raising, according to department
authorities. Argentina and a few
other South American countries may
be looked to for some help, but the
writers agree that the south must
shoulder the burden of keeping the
supply somewhere near the demand
in the beef industry. In regard to the
south's possibilities, W. F. Ward, of
the bureau of animal industry, says:
"There is an urgent demand for
more cattle, but where are they to
come from? Not from the corn belt,
where the land is worth from $75 to
$200 per acre and corn has advanced
from 25 to 60 cents or more per
bushel; not from the ranges of the
west and southwest, for the supply of
these sections is decreasing yearly
and the large ranches are being cut
up for the homesteaders and the small
farmers, who are not giving their at-
tention to beef production.
"There is one section that can pro-
duce more cattle, and produce them
By Elisha Hanson, Special Wa
more cheaply, than any other section
of the whole country, for the lands are
still cheap, the grazing is good, the
pasture season is long, feeds can be
produced at a minimum cost, and inex-
pensive shelter only is required. That
section of the country is the south.
"Many of the plantations of the
south are so large that there is much
of them which can not be utilized for
raising crops. These lands should be
used for producing cattle. Other
lands which are at present laying idle
and upon which taxes are being paid
could easily be converted into pasture
of such a quality as to give high re-
turns on the valuation of the land
when grazed by cattle.
"Publications from the census
bureau indicate that in the south in
1910, 63.1 per cent of the total land
area was in farms, of which 42.5 per
cent was improved farm lands. Of the
total land area there was in 1910 but
26.8 per cent which was classed as
improved land to be used for cultiva-
tion, etc. This means that 57.5 per
cent of the farm lands, or 73.2 per
cent of the total land area, of the
south is made up of grazing land,
wood, or waste lands, and a very large
proportion of this amount would pro-
duce excellent pastures for cattle. In
1910, however, the whole south pro-
BEEF MUST COME FRO
fore, doubtful. Imported beef must
come from Mexico and Canada, and
LJTH the amount which may be contributed
shington Correspondent annually from these countries will
shington Correspondent probably not greatly exceed the pres-
but 31.6 per cent of the cattle ent imports for several years. The
e United States, while the north number of cattle imported from Can-
ced 53.5 per ent. This ratio of ada will be small, for there arare not
action should not hold true, for many more produced there than are
er cent of the farm land of the necessary for home consumption, and
was improved and was chiefly most of these are sent to England,"
for cultivation. A. D. Melvin, chief of the bureau of
quetion of poucngt te animal industry, writing upon the pos-
Squestion of producing enough abilities in Argentina, as established
*o supply the demand is now rec- by his recent investigation, says:
ed as one of world-wide im- "In September, 1913, cattle in A
nce. There is at present a short- Spte r1 913, Cattle in Ar-
ver the entire civilized wat shorldt- gentina that would dress about 800
)ver thei nie cled l to 820 pounds were selling on the hoof
tina, which once loomed large at $70 to $80 gold, with freight. This
the horizon as a .rival of the grade of Argentina beef, which is of
d States in the supply of beef, very high quality, was selling in Eng-
d to have but 28,766,168 cattle land for from 8 to 9 cents a pound"'
ding to the 1911 census, or fewer wholesale. Besides the price received
than were in the country in for the meat there is a considerable
when 29,116,625 were enumer- return from the hide and offal, and
since the entrance of American pack-J
Le United Kingdom, which for- ers into the South American trade
depended very largely upon the these by-products are being carefullyR
d States to furnish its imported prepared and utilized.
has been forced to look to Aus- "While statistics show that Argen-
SArgentina, and Canada to sup- tina is already slaughtering up to the
his commodity. At the present limit of its present stock of cattle,
Great Britain is consuming prac- that country has such great resources
y all of the surplus output from for cattle raising that it is easily pos-
countries and any additional sur- sible for the stock raisers to bring
produced will be readily absorbed about a large increase in the meat
their European countries. The output if present prices are main-
bility of the United States im- stained, which, with the opening of the
ng much beef from these coun- United States market seems very
in the next few years is, there- probable."-Davenport Times. ,
"Big Bill" we called him. He drifted in
Wit' th' rush back in '79.
Scrap? Ye Gods, he wallowed in gore,
"I'm Carpenter Bill!" he'd jump up an' roar,
Then he'd git down ter bizness an' measure th' floor,
An' his foot-rule wuz somebody's spine!
"I'll show yuh who's Boss here!" he'd holler at us,
An' he did!
Time ran along, an' Bill he got soft
On little Mehitabel Lee-
A meek little ninety-five pounder she were,
Wit' watery eyes an' pale yaller hair,
"Ain't very much doubt who'll rule th' roost .there,"
Grins Jimmy the Gambler t' me.
"Yuh'll soon see who's Boss around my home," sez Bill,
An' we did!
The honeymoon over, the pair settled down,
An' Bill felt it time to assert
His authority! ! Say, he jes' started t' speak,
When "Spang" comes th' rollin' pin square on his beak,
An' Bill goes t' jelly, all wobbly an' weak
An' fer once in his life hits the dirt!
"I'll show yuh who's Boss!" she screeches at him,
An' SHE DID!
The bully of the camp!
A great, two-fisted moral coward, is
This Boss-and all other Boss Bullies.
He uses his God-given strength to an
evil purpose-the cowing of his fellows.
And like all those of his tribe, he "hits
the dirt" the very first time his brutal
mind crosses the path of Intelligent
Goliath, you know, was a Boss Bully
until he met the Little David armed
with righteousness and sober judgment.
We have, from time to time, con-
fronted all manner of Boss Bullies.
The great Boss of Finance; the Big
Boss of our Political Destines; the ove*
bearing boss of the Business World; tha
Social Boss-but why run the endles l
gamut of Bosses?
All of them have met the "meek little
ninety-five pounder" "Big Bill" met.
Mehitabel Lees, in the form of the
Free People, are legion in this country
of Independent Thought.
These Free People refuse to be Boss-
ridden for long. They may tolerate the
Boss Bully for awhile.
But in the end: "Spang! comes the
rolling pin-square on his beak."
And the doom, like' the dome of that
Boss, is shattered.
J. R. N.
The Rev. Fr. Augustine P. Heinmann,
Pastor of the Catholic Church at
Piqua, Kansas, Prepares to
Move to Indian River
Farms, at Vero,
Fr. Augustine P. Heinmann who was a recent visitor in Indian River
Farms at Vero, purchased a tract from the Indian River Farms Company
and has returned to Piqua, Kansas, to complete his arrangements preparatory
to leaving for Vero, where he expects to begin development of his tract and
where he expects to continue religious duties among the Catholics in Vero and
in Indian River Farms.
Fr. Heinmann's health has necessitated his resigning his Kansas parish
and the rearranging of his affairs. There are a number of Catholic families
in Piqua, Kansas, who contemplate locating in Florida and it is presumed
they will decide to join their pastor at Vero. Some months ago, the Indian
River Farms Company donated to the Catholic diocese a very valuable site
in the town of Vero for Catholic school and church 'purposes. Fr. Heinmann
will undoubtedly take up the work of the immediate building of a church and
school and the establishment of a Catholic colony in that vicinity.
e on the Demonstration Farm, Indian River Farms
Facts for the man interested in the development of the most wonderful State in the Union.
VnT. 2 No. 12
1$1.00 PER YEAR
Powerful Car Ferry Boat for Florida
East Coast Railway Launched
S-lenry M. Flagler, Greatest Car Barge in World, Will
T Soon Be Ready for Service
Officials of the Road Present at Ceremony
| Freight Will Be Handled Intact from Cuban Points to Destina-
tions in This Country
Miss Florence Marie Beckwith,
daughter of Vice-President J. P. Beck-
with of the Florida East Coast rail-
way, the Flagler system, broke the
bottle over the bow of the big new
seagoing ferryboat and as it glided
p;nto the water christened it Henry M.
The launching, at the Cramp yards,
Philadelphia, was made the occasion
of real interest to officials of the Flor-
".ida East Coast and its invited friends
because of the nearness of all of them
to the man who built the road and
L,whose dream of ferry connection be-
.ween the Florida keys and Havana
ire about to be realized.
Practically all the executive family
.L )f the company were present and the
)aunching was a success. The great
,t ship is now ready to have the interior
fittings and engines installed and as
soon as completed will be brought to
Florida and placed in commission be-
tween Havana and Key West.
When the Henry M. Flagler is ply-
ing between the southern terminus of
the Florida East Coast road at Key
West and Havana, freight cars will be
loaded in Cuba, sealed, and sent
through direct to destination any-
r where in the United States, without
reloading, transferring or handling en
It is understood that bulk sugar will
Se carried direct from the Cuban sugar
nills to the great refineries of the
P last, saving more than enough in bag-
Sing and handling cost, to pay the
Sreight in bulk.
to Key West and incorporate a freight
service direct between the United
States and Cuba. To do this it was
necessary to transfer the loaded
freight cars from Key West to Hava-
na. As there is a strip of some ninety-
six miles of ocean between the two
points, the only possible way is by
means of a car ferry line.
The vessel launched has a capacity
of thirty of the largest freight cars,
loaded, and will make the trip be-
tween Key West and Havana in eight
hours. The general dimensions are
as follows: Length over all, 350 feet;
length between perpendiculars, 336
feet; beam, molded, 57 feet; depth, 22
feet; breadth of deck, 57 feet; speed,
loaded with 2,300 tons dead weight,
The hull is built of steel, conforming
in every respect to the rules of the
bureau veritas for a vessel of this spe-
Four Railroad Tracks.
The cars are carried on the main
deck, which is fitted with four railroad
tracks. The stern of the vessel is of
such shape as to fit neatly in the docks
provided at Key West and Havana,
whereby the cars are loaded onto the
vessel at the stern. Every appliance
has been fitted for the securing of the
cars at sea. When the cars are stowed
the weight of the cars is taken upon
jacks fitted to jack rails, thus reliev-
ing the trucks from the surge and
weight due to the rolling of the ship
in a seaway.
On the shelter deck provision is
Outboard view of the steamer Henry M. Flagler. This powerful craft
will have capacity for transporting thirty large freight cars over ninety-six
miles of, ocean. Only vessel of her type in the world. Built of steel and
will have a speed of twelve knots per hour.
Later it is proposed to handle pas-
senger cars direct to Cuban points and
then it will be that a tourist party
taking a sleeper in Montreal or Bos-
ton or the Northwest will not be trans-
ferred from his sleeper until he
reaches his destination in the Cuban
Beginning of New Era.
The Henry M. Flagler marks the be-
ginning of a new era in sea ferry steam
vessels. It will be followed later by
a sister ship for the Florida East
Coast railway, the two being planned
to give a double service between Key
West and Havana.
In building the Florida East Coast
railway it was the .dream of Henry
M. Flagler to carry h'is road through
made for the quarters of the officers
The machinery consists of two triple
expansion reciprocating engines of
standard marine design, having cylin-
ders 20, 32 1/2 and 54 inches by 36-
inch stroke. The engines are to de-
relop 3,000 horsepower at 100 revolu-
tions per minute.
The boilers are of the Scotch type,
being single-ended return tubular,
cylindrical boilers 13 feet 2 inches
diameter by 12 feet long, fitted with
two furnaces 48 inches in diameter
of the corrugated type.
Electric Light Plant.
The vessel is fitted with an electric
light plant, mooring winches actuated
(Continued on page 14.)
The Farmers Bank Building at Vero
The Farmers Bank of Vero is now at home in the new bank building
erected by them, which contains banking room for the bank, a large store-
room, which is to be occupied by the Vero Grocery Company, another store-
room to be fitted up as a drug store and a third storeroom to be used as an
office for the List & Gifford Construction Company and the Vero Groves
The new banking room is one of the most attractive banking rooms in the
state; the fixtures, are of mahogany and marble with bronze gratings, tile
floor covers the bank lobby. Back of the banking room is a Directors' room,
which is fitted up with mahogany furniture.
The new bank continues in a highly prosperous manner, its deposits for the
first thirty days having exceeded all guesses. The officers and directors of the
bank are all men of high standing in the community and of good business judg-
Florida Products and Florida Needs
In the year 1913, according to esti-
mates compiled by the United States
census reports, the corn, hay, oats,
Irish potato, cotton, tobacco, rice and
sweet potato crops of Florida amount-
ed to $19,688,000. This, added to the
value of the citrus fruit crop, some-
where in the neighborhood of $13,000,-
000, makes the total production for
this state last year of about $32,688,-
000. This, of course, doesn't take in-
to account a great many minor items
of production, nor does it cover, doubt-
less, the actual production in the state.
The census figures, however, are the
only ones we have, and may be used
as a basis for argument.
Suppose Florida would secure farm-
ers and plant 2,000,000 aces of her
more than 20,000,000 acres to corn.
Suppose that land would average a
corn production of forty bushels to the
acre. Then suppose that corn would
average 50 cents per bushel. We
would, by. putting in less than 10 per
cent of our tillable acreage in corn.
produce at the lowest estimate of pro-
duction, and sold at the lowest price
that could be figured, bring into the
state more money than the present
production of crops of all kinds.
Florida is something of a corn pro-
ducing state already. According to
the census figures, the corn crop in
1913 was worth $8,302,000. This, next
ARRIVE ON STREET
Florida Fruit Growing in Popularity and
Dealers Are Offering Product at Nine
LOWER PRICES FOR
Excellent Weather Will Stimulate Spud ,Digging
and Supply Will, Consequently, Be Increased
Chief among fruit arrivals on West-
ern Avenue this morning was a ship-
ment of Florida alligator pears. The
increased demand for this fruit has
caused dealers to import as many ship-
ments already this season as were con-
sumed throughout the year on other
occasions. A few years ago one small
consignment of the fruit comprised the
season's imports but four consignments
have already been received so far this
to the citrus fruits, was the biggest
crop produced in the state.
We need the corn here. They need
it elsewhere. The world will be cry-
ing for corn and corn products as long
as there is a Florida. There will be a
good market, and a good price. Mil-
lions of farmers who know all about
corn growing would listen to Florida's
claims, if they were presented prop-
This is a matter worthy the atten-
tion of every board of trade or other
body or organization in the state, in-
terested in bringing people to the
state. It is a practical proposition,
and easy enough of solution, if we
once get at it in the right way.
Suppose every newspaper in Florida
would gather all the statistics obtain-
able in its section, and send the papers
to corn growers in other states, whose
names could be had from people now
living in Florida, and on the same date
every newspaper would send copies of
the paper to such lists, telling about
corn growing possibilities here, what
would be the effect?
It isn't at all unreasonable to expect
that there would be enough people in-
duced to the state to put in a million
acres of corn within the next two
years. It could be done at such a
small cost of time and money to every
newspaper in the state as to not be
year and many more are ordered. Deal-
ers offer the pears at $9 a dozen.
Ample consignments of Concord
grapes were also received on the
street and because of the very excel-
lent quality of the fruit, good sales
were made. Malaga and Tokay grapes
were also among the best sellers. The
price on Tokays stiffened to $1. this
morning, due to the fact that the sea-
son for the fruit is nearing its end and
shipments are becoming smaller on
each receipt. The season for apples
presented evidences of having begun
this morning, for buyers evinced more
than usual interest in the fruit. Good
eastern Washington fruit can be
bought at from $1 to $1.50. A shipment
of bananas, which arrived yesterday,
was in good condition, but too green
for immediate sale and the small sup-
ply of ripe stock on hand is rapidly
decreasing. Because of the absence of
peaches, pears and many others of the
softer fruits, bananas and apples are
Dealers are optimistic over the pros-
pects for a decrease in the potato mar-
ket soon, as the excellent weather
of late, they declare, should stimulate
potato digging. Tomatoes are plenti-
ful but are moving slowly. Local corn
and celery is moving well.-The Seat-
tle Daily Times.
If you want to sell our stock advertise in the Farmer.
A Lesson of the Times-
Diversify Your Crops.
Never before was the wisdom of diversified farming and fruit
S growing so apparent as now. The foolishness of putting all
'--s one's eggs in a single basket, so to speak, has been given new |
.. .^-d Semphasis by recent events. Among the farmers of the Southland the
i.'40, ::ill-effects growing out of the one-crop policy have been so acute as to 0 ,
forcibly impress upon them the truth that it pays to diversify.
': But a small,portion of Florida has been seriously affected as yet by the dull- '
ness in the cotton market. The lesson taught by the experience of the cotton farmers ;,, _.
should not be lost with the people of this State, however. In their farming and fruit growing, diversifica- ^ '.i ;:.
tion may be practiced at small expense and with assurance of profit, no matter what are the general con- ..,
editions. And should the time ever come when citrus fruits and vegetables show a production greater than
the demand, the grower of figs, pecans, etc., will be in the position of having something else on which he can realize.
Pecan Culture Means Ready Money For Farmers
Every farmer should have at least a few pecan trees. While coming into
maturity, these trees will not interfere with other crops. They will begin
to bear within five to sevenyearsfrom plant-
ing and if properly grown will produce twenty-
wV five to thirty pounds a tree by the tenth year:
The big pecan orchard may or may not prove profitable-much depends
upon the management. There always will be a good market for pecan
nuts, however, and the farmer who grows the trees
along his drives, around his buildings and with other
crops will find them a fine investment year after year.
Good Profits May be Made From Figs
There is no section of the citrus or cotton belts in which figs do not thrive. Figs are increasingly in
demand and the fruit is destined to become an important commercial factor in Florida and all the
Gulf Coast Country. Plant figs now-they are today in much greater demand than there is supply.
Even in the heart of citrus Florida it will be found profitable to grow some fruits other than oranges and
grapefruit. Many tropical fruits, also figs, persimmons, plums, pears and peaches, should be planted. In
many instances these can be interplanted in citrus groves and a good income derived from them without
injury to the citrus trees. They will nicely "round out" any grower's operations.
Griffings' Citrus Fruit Trees Are Good
This year Griffing Brothers have for sale only a limited number of
citrus fruit trees. All of these have been produced in their nurseries at
McClenny-citrus stock will not be offered by them from any other of
their Florida nurseries. All over the State there are orange and grape-
fruit groves now bearing which splendidly testify to the quality of
Griffings' trees. They make thrifty, early maturing and highly pro-
ductive groves because of the fine root systems given them by the cul-
tural methods practiced in Griffings' nurseries. This |
season's McClenny stock is as good, if not better, than
anything ever offered by Griffings-vigorous, healthy
and clean. These trees have been grown under ideal
soil and climatic conditions, by men who have made the production of
citrus stock their life work. Every one has the root growth and gen-
eral vigor required for quick maturity. A
Cotton and Turpentine In Exchange for Trees
Griffing Brothers realize the difficulties which now confront the pro-
ducers of cotton and naval stores. They are confident as to the
./ future of these staples, as they are assured of the importance of the
diversification of the production of every farmer and fruit grower.
To connect the two things in such a way as will enable immediate
planting of figs, peaches, persimmons, plums, pecans and other nut
l and fruit trees, Griffing Brothers have arranged to take cotton and naval
stores in exchange for trees. Full particulars of the terms on which they
will dispose of nursery stock in exchange for cotton and turpentine may be
obtained on application to Griffing Brothers, at McClenny, Fla.
Griflings' 1915 Tree Book---A Planting and Cultural Guide
All previous catalogues issued by this firm have
been eclipsed in this year's edition. As heretofore, it gives in condensed form the ripe
experience of men who have solved the difficulties which confront the grower of fruits,
nuts and ornamentals in the Gulf Coast States. It not only describes the varieties of
oranges and grapefruit and other citrus fruits that are best, but it tells you how to know
good trees and the soil and climatic conditions that should govern your choice of varie-
ties. In it are listed Eight Service Bulletins covering trees and tree planting in the
South that are free to patrons of Griffings' Nurseries. Every phase of fruit and nut grow-
ing in the South. is treated in these bulletins, in a practical way and from a standpoint
that makes them valuable to amateurs and to persons of experience.
These bulletins tell how and when to plant, prune, spray,
fertilize and the profits and uses of the varied line of trees ,
adapted to the South. They cover the culture of figs, ,t'1'' j
peaches, plums, persimmons, and other deciduous fruits.
They go into details regarding how pecans may be made
profitable, giving instructions as to the pl nting, care and
culture of these and other nuts that farmers should more generally grow. In short, the
book and the bulletins make a complete planter'slibrary offered you by a firm that would
like not only to sell you trees but which wishes to help you succeed with what you buy
and plant. For free copy of catalog, illustrated in colors from
original photographs, write today to ,,ZEUU
313-E FORSYTH ST.,JACKSONVILLE, FLA.
Never do today the things you will have to undo tomorrow
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 5
Prof. Myron E. Hard.
Snbian ttIber farm$ Xoe; One
of lt5 0oat Arbent supporter
Vero lost one of its most highly respected and prominent
residents when Prof. M. E. Hard passed away at the Rogers
sanitarium in Jacksonville October 7. His death followed
an operation for appendicitis the day before and was the result
of general peritonitis.
Prof. Hard was taken ill at Sleepy Eye Lodge in Vero on
the Wednesday preceding his death. In spite of the best of
care his condition became rapidly worse and on Saturday
evening he was taken to Jacksonville on the advice of his
physician, Dr. E. E. Rollins of Fort Pierce. Mrs. A. W. Young
and Mr. W. T. Humiston of Vero accompanied him to the hos-
pital. There his illness was diagnosed as appendicitis and an
operation was performed Monday. The patient recovered from
the operation, but peritonitis had set in and death came the
Prof. Hard had been a resident of Vero only a little more
than a month. He came from Kirkwood, Mo., where he had
been superintendent of public instruction and was engaged in
developing a grove northwest of town. He was also having a
house built in Vero, where his family was to reside. His wife
and daughter were to join him as soon as the house was com-
Prof. Hard was widely known throughout the country as
an educator and an authority on mushrooms. He was the
author of a 600-page book entitled "Mushrooms, Edible and
Otherwise," which was recognized as one of the most valuable
works ever written on that subject. He knew mushrooms as
a florist knew flowers and could tell the name of any of the
numerous varieties almost at a glance. Several varieties that
were discovered and classified by him bear his name.
As a Mason Prof. Hard was prominent both in Ohio, his
former home, and in Missouri.
He was 63 years of age at the time of his death, although
he appeared much younger. His wife and two daughters sur-
vive him. Since coming to Vero Professor Hard had endeared
himself to all who made his acquaintance. He was a most
companionable man, an excellent conversationalist and made
friends easily. Kindliness and courtesy were two of his most
marked characteristics and they won for him the affection and
respect of all who knew him.
Prof. Hard was a sincere lover of Florida and an untiring
student of nature. He had given up his life work in order to
spend the remainder of his days in growing fruit and studying
the semi-tropical plant life that appealed to him so strongly.
In view of the enthusiasm with which Prof. Hard looked for-
ward to .getting established here and his love for the things it
had in store for him, his death at this time is doubly pathetic.
The funeral was held October 9 in Gallipolis, 0., where
Prof. Hard formerly resided and where he was married.
Of course if you want t' keep your present stock, don't advertise.
Florida's Unusual Rain Conclusively
Proves the Value of the Indian River
Farms Company's Ditch System
The immense rainfall since the last week of September has proven beyond
a question of doubt the immense worth of the ditch development system
being constructed by the Indian River Farms Company in Indian River Farms
at Vero, Florida. The rainfall during the past two or three weeks has ex-
ceeded any similar amount in a number of years or since the ditch system
being constructed by the Indian River Farms Company was started; that the
system planned and being constructed will. handle the most extraordinary
rainfall is proven beyond a question of doubt.
The lands covered under the completed portion .of the ditch development
system are thoroughly drained and no damage to crops occurred on any of
these lands; in fact work on the farms was not even stopped because of ex-
cessive water, which was carried away almost as rapidly as it fell. The
farmers who were thus protected continued work without interruption except
while the rain was actually falling.
One thing, however, which was forcibly demonstrated by the recent rains
was the necessity of farm ditches connecting with the company's system of
ditches; the farm ditches are necessary and without them it will be im-
possible to obtain the best results from the drainage system. While without
them the land is kept in good condition under ordinary conditions, when the
unusually heavy rains come the waters cannot escape fast enough by see-
page; it is then that the farm ditches, which need be small, are needed to
carry it off the fields into the sub-lateral ditches.
But the heavy rains of several days duration will no longer be feared in
any part of Indian River Farms when the drainage system is completed; it is
now proven beyond a question of doubt, even to the satisfaction of those who
were inclined to question the efficiency of any system under such conditions.
Much of the lands away from sub-lateral ditches or in sections where the sub-
lateral ditches were not complete, gave the growers some trouble; fortunately,
however, not many of them had started putting in their fall crops and where
they had, the Indian River Farms Company lent every possible assistance by
the construction of temporary ditches dug by hand to give temporary relief.
It is, however, against the policy of the Indian River Farms Company to have
its settlers go on their lands until after the ditching work is completed by
the company and any who go on, do so at their own risk.
Indian River Farms are being sold at very low prices; it is the policy of
the company to advance its prices as the ditch development system pro-
gresses on the lands adjoining these completed ditches. While the lands
not yet covered by the, ditch system are worth equally as much as the
other lands, they are being sold by the company at $100 per acre and
less, which goes to indicate to the men of foresight Now Is the Time to
The Lord's Prayer
The following beautiful composition was captured during the war at
Charleston, S. C. It was printed on heavy satin, July 4, 1823. It was picked
up by A. P. Green, of Auburn, Ind., at Corinth, Miss., the morning the Con-
federate forces evacuated the town, May 30, 1862:
To the mercy seat of our souls doth gather,
To do our duty unto Thee .............. Our Father,
To whom all praise, all honor should be given;
For Thou art the great God ..............Who art in heaven,
Thou by Thy wisdom, rul'st the world's whole frame
Forever, therefore ......................... Hallowed be Thy name;
Let nevermore delay divide us from
Thy glorious grace, but let ................. Thy kingdom come;
Let Thy commands opposed be by none,
But Thy good pleasure and ................ Thy will be done
And let our promptness to obey, be even
The very same ...............................On earth as 'tis in heaven
Then for our souls, 0 Lord, we also pray
Thou would'st be pleased to ............... Give us this day
The food of life, wherewith our souls are fed,
Sufficient raiment, and .................... Our daily bread,
With every needful thing do Thou relieve us,
And of Thy mercy, pity .................... And forgive us
All our misdeeds for Him whom Thou did'st please
To make an offering ........................Our trespasses
And forasmuch, 0 Lord, as we believe
That Thou will pardon us ................... As. we forgive
Let that love teach, wherewith Thou dost acquaint us to
Pardon all ............................... Those who trespass against us,
And though sometimes Thou find'st we have forgot,
This love for Thee, yet help .............. And lead us not
Through soul or body's want to desperation,
Nor let earth's gain drive us ................ Into temptation.
Let not the soul of any true believer
Fall in the time of trial .................... But deliver,
Yea, save them from the malice of the devil,
And both in life and death, keep ........... Us from evil.
Thus pray we, Lord, for that of Thee from whom
This may be had .......................... For thine is the kingdom,
This world is of Thy work, its wondrous story
To Thee belongs .......................... The power and the glory,
And all Thy wondrous works have ended never,
And will remain forever and ................ Forever,
Thus we poor creatures would confess again,
And thus would say eternally ............... Amen.
Today's work is the thing which shows up the biggest in tomorrow's profits.
6 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
My Travels Through Florida and Else-
where and My Study of Florida
Products and Possibilities
There is a demand for the products
of Florida in foreign lands. If Florida
oranges could reach European markets
a little earlier in the season, they
would sell at an immense big profit.
Particularly is this true of the St.
Lucie County orange. If this orange
were shipped into English markets
from the middle of September to the
middle of November, immense profits
would be realized.
There are, however, many things
grown in Florida which will find a
ready market not only in English mar-
kets, but in continental Europe. If the
Fruit Growers' Association in Florida
would give this matter some attention,
they would find a ready market in con-
tinental Europe for a great variety of
I want to make special mention of
one Florida product which is in favor
with the European markets. It has
been produced but a short time and is
only handled by a few of the best deal-
ers of those countries; if properly
pushed, it would require the present
output from the State of Florida to
supply the demand across the water
alone. I refer to the Florida grape-
fruit, which has a world-wide reputa-
tion and no competition. It can be
shipped at almost any time during the
year. This fruit will stand shipping a
long distance and without decay or
loss of flavor.
The Guava, sometimes referred to
as the apple of Florida, bears heavily
and with little care, is the greatest of
all jelly fruit. The ripe fruit has an
odor which does not appeal to the
newcomer, but is rather pleasing when
one gets familiar with it. Guava jelly
is shipped to every state in the Union
as well as European markets and
brings many thousands of dollars to
the State of Florida.
There seems to be hundreds of
things grown in Florida which are not
known outside of that state. The cas-
sava, few, if any, people outside of the
state of Florida, excepting a percent-
age of those who have visited the
state, ever heard of this. It grows
very much like a sweet potato except
it is very large; it makes fine feed for
poultry and cattle and-hogs. It con-
tains about 90 per cent starch, which
is manufactured into the tapioca of
commerce. The Spanish yam, another
tropical plant, a staple food for the
people of the tropics, looks very much
like a sweet potato, but in taste you
cannot tell it from the Irish potato at
first. It grows very large, from six to
eight pounds. The vine is a very rapid
grower and splendid for making arbors
About the middle of April this year,
Mr. Thomas Keller of Carterville, Mis-
souri, paid a visit to Indian River
Farms, at Vero, Florida, and purchased
quite an acreage; he brought home
with him a number of samples of prod-
ucts grown in that country, among
which was a Spanish yam. In the
spring of this year this yam was set
into the ground and on September 18th
the vine had grown 37 feet, having
been trained up the side of a brick
The pineapple, a very important
fruit which is grown only in Florida
and the Southern Islands, is a popular
fruit with the people of the United
States, both fresh and canned and pro-
duces possibly as much value to the
acre as anything else grown in the
state of Florida with the exception
possibly of celery. It is confined large-
ly to the growers in the Indian River
section in St. Lucie County. According
to the agricultural report something
over 70 per cent of the state output
comes from this section.
Pineapple slips are set about 12
inches apart each way and produce
two main crops each year. Pineapples
are picked every month and pineapples
once. started will bear from eight to
twelve years without resetting the first
crop; they bear eighteen months after
setting. They are a delicious fruit
when purchased in northern markets,
but to be fully appreciated they must
be picked right from the stalk. Pine-
apples are picked green so as to carry
well during shipment. To know a real
pineapple, with its real flavor and its
real taste, it must be ripened on the
plant. A ripened pineapple may be
located in a patch by its fragrance,
which it spreads far and wide.
Another fruit which is considered by
many the best of all tropical fruits is
the mango. Had I the space, many
pages could be written in regard to
its delicacy and its flavor. Another
fruit in which Florida excels and which
is coming into general use is the lime,
which in recent months has reached
the fabulous price of $20.00 per barrel.
There are many staple products
grown in the state of Florida. One
county produces more than $2,000,000
worth of tomatoes; another county
more than $1,250,000 of Irish potatoes,
while another county produces more
than $500,000 worth of celery. All of
these products are produced in mid-
winter and shipped to northern mar-
kets when this northern country is in
the Grasp of the Winter King. At that
time of year these products are all con-
Florida is sometimes referred to, or
at least portions of it as "'The Winter
Garden of America." It is truly named,
for it produces much and at a time of
year when it is absolutely impossible
except in greenhouses to produce
these various products which it
does at that time of year, so it must
be largely depended upon to supply the
greater percentage of the population
of this country with these delicacies
in mid-winter. The peanut crop of the
state of Florida is more than $2,000,-
000, while the corn crop in the state
exceeds $5,000,000. Its resourcefulness
along various lines is immense and to
begin to tell ab6ut it would take pages
and pages. It must not be forgotten,
however, its delightful summer and its
mild winters, as it is possible to go
from New York City, leaving there
when the thermometer registers below
Zero and in thirty hours' time reach
a point of beautiful summer sunshine,
where the trees and flowers are in
bloom and the birds are singing, where
the people are enjoying the best that
is in life and enjoying it out-doors and
in their shirt-sleeves.
So, we must conclude that the pe-
ainsula must of necessity be considered
a veritable garden spot, containing in-
numerable possibilities both for wealth
C. E. Weeks,
Nice Little Catch for One Day
A FIVE HOURS' CATCH IN FLORIDA WATERS.
Seventeen giant tarpon weighing from 110 to 193 pounds each. This
party of fishermen have the record of having caught forty-four tarpon in five
nights, an unprecedented record. These huge catches were made with
a line so light that it would not support the weight of the tarpon, which
were strong enough to tow an ordinary launch at the rate of twelve miles
an hour. -Leslie's Weekly.
Eli C. Walker, Owner of Possibly the
Finest Grove in All Florida,
Is Preparing to Build a
The Walker Grove, located in the heart of Indian River Farms at Vero,
has the largest crop of fruit this year that it has ever produced. The Walker
grove is not only noted over the state of Florida, but practically all over the
United States; it is unquestionably the finest young grove ever brought to
bearing. The beautification of Mr. Walker's place is now paramount in his
mind. Mr. Walker is at the present time completing the clearing of the
ground at the junction of Osceola boulevard and King's Highway, at which
place he intends building his new residence during the early part of this com-
ing year. Mr. Walker has just completed the building of a driveway from
King's Highway and Osceola boulevard right to his present house. Along each
side of it he has set Australian Oaks and Hibiscus. Just south of the spot
which has been selected for Mr. Walker's new home he has now prepared
ground for the building of another grove.
Let Us Do Your Work
We are prepared to take contracts for
clearing, plowing, hauling, fencing, build-
ing and planting.
-For Estimates See or Write-
J. V. ATKINS
ATTENTION, FIGURE EXPERTS.
Just let us give you a few figures to
think over for a little while.
There is room and opportunity in
Florida for a billion hens. Suppose
there were that many hens in the
state, and that each hen produced 200
eggs per annum. That would mean
200,000,000 eggs a year. It would
mean more than 16,000,000 dozen eggs
a year. If that many eggs could be
marketed at the average price of 30
cents, that would mean an income to
Florida of $4,800,000,000 per annum!
Can you beat it? Do you question
it? If you do, take a piece of paper
and figure it out how many acres of
land in this state could raise chickens,
how many hens to the acre could be
raised and fed.
And do you know the amount of
money from hen fruit alone would
mean an income to Florida half as big
as the entire income of .America to-
day? We'll give a prize to anyone
who will prove it can't be done. Now
figure your heads off.-Jacksonville
There is another kind of silence to T R L| TH E I M A I N A T I O N imagination so as to fix it on the
be cultivated, besides that of the CO N TRO L TH E IM A G IN A TIO N duty and occupation actually exist-
tongue, as regards others. I mean ing, to the exclusion of the crowd
silence, as regards one's self-re- what we have heard or said, not in- or future. Be sure that you have of thoughts which are perpetually
straining the imagination, not per- dulging in the phantasmagoria of made no small progress in the spirit- sweeping across the mind.-Jean N.
emitting it to dwell overmuch on picture thoughts, whether of the past ual life when you can control your Grou.
You can't expect people to buy what you have if they don't know what you have.
Many a man thinks he is in a hole when it is merely a rut
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 7
Success in a New Climate Depends
Upon Two Things
The Location and the People Who Locate
) In building a home and accumulat-
ing money in a new climate the suc-
cess of the family or individual de-
pends upon two things, namely, the
location and the people who locate.
If you are looking for a location,
which way will you go, East, West,
North or South? A family with very
little money would scarcely give the
east a thought on account of the dens-
ity of the population of the eastern
states and the high prices of land. It
is a well-known fact that where the
population is dense the land is high.
Some consideration might be given
to a location in the North, as Canada,
especially the northwestern part, is
now being given considerable atten-
tion and some very attractive offers to
settlers are being made; but when we
consider the long Canadian winters in
which the summer's crop is entirely
consumed and the farmer starts out
in the spring where he started the
spring before, very few care to con-
sider this location further.
The West looks good, but the price
of land in the extreme western states
again bars out the man of small means.
This is also true of the middle states
such as Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri,
Iowa and Illinois. Here twenty-five
years ago land could be bought in
large or small quantities at from $15
to $50 per acre with all the time the
buyer wanted to pay for it. Now this
land sells all the way from $100 to
$500 per acre and since it takes at
least eighty acres to make a farm,
the man with little means is again
forced to look elsewhere.
He can go South, but for years cot-
ton has been the crop of the south
and cotton land is almost as high as
corn land and the average farmer
knows little, if anything, of raising
cotton and controlling the negro on
whom he must depend for most of his
labor. He must strike a country where
he can grow more than one crop and
those crops must be crops with which
he is familiar, such as corn, oats, al-
falfa, cane, etc., with the vegetables
such as tomato, potato, lettuce, onion,
turnips, carrots, beets, celery, beans
and peas and to the one who has been
used to a farm life, he must strike a
country where he can grow fruits. The
place t6 do all this is on a farm in
Here practically every known fruit
and vegetable can be grown at a time
when the rest of the United States is
without them, hence, all he raises com-
mands the highest prices.
With the sunshine, the climate, the
365 growing days and with almost
every conceivable crop to be grown
and at a time when it brings the high-
est prices, who could ask for a better
place to farm than in Florida. Florida
is the location for the new farm.
Shall he buy or rent this Florida
farm? By all means he should buy.
Living on his own farm, or a farm
which in the future he hopes to own,
every thing that he plants, every ani-
mal that he raises and every nail that
he drives will enhance the value of his
own property and unless one has had
the experience he cannot realize the
happiness to be gained and the satis-
faction received from building a home
of his own. It will be a place that
can be called lhome and which can be
handed down to his children as the
result of his thoughts, his plans and
To pay for this home the family
will have to work, but who is not
happier with a plan in his head, the
means and health to carry it out and
the satisfaction of knowing that it is
his and he will be the benefactor of it
when it is completed? Work never
hurts anyone. It is the idle man,
woman or child who is unhappy. To
be up before the sun with a task to
do is one of God's greatest blessings.
But the day of drudgery for the
farmer is past. If he needs help in
any line of his work he has only to
write to the agricultural department
of the state and secure it. Modern
machinery helps him prepare, plant
and cultivate his fields, and harvest
his crops. The good roads, fine horses
and automobile trucks take it to mar-
ket, the exchange helps him to sell it
and all the world pays for it and pays
a good price.
The social life of the farmer is the
very best. His telephone connects
him with his neighbor, rural mail
reaches him every day and his auto-
mobile carries him to church and on
the quick business trip. His children
have the best of educational advan-
tages and yet are away from the call
of city life. With the outdoor life
they live, the pure air they breathe
and the wholesome life they lead they
are prepared to fight life's battles.
The idea that young people do not
like the farm is passing. Ask the
average young man in the factory, in
the mill, in the office, on the road or
in any of the various pursuits of life
where he would rather be. Ten to
one of them will tell you that he would
rather be on a piece of land of his
own. Ask the average young woman
in the school room, the office, the fac-
tory or any of the positions the city
has to offer where she would rather
live and she will tell you that the
happiest days of her life were spent on
the old farm where she was raised or
where she spent a few vacations with
her country cousin.
The tendency of today is BACK TO
THE FARM. Young people want
work, they want life and they want
freedom. These cannot be obtained
in the city. The day of the Lord and
the Lady is passing and it is passing
because the young people in this great
land of ours want it to pass. They
want to get down to work and do
something. They will do it if they
are given a chance. BACK TO THE
FARM is the solution of the problem,
but since the old farms are occupied
by others they must go elsewhere.
They are coming to Florida and they
are bringing with them their educa-
tion, their youth, their hopes and their
ambitions. These will all be fulfilled,
for nowhere does nature respond so
quickly, produce so lavishly and pay
such wondrous returns. Florida is
the land where dreams come true,
where the flowers bloom twelve
months in the year, where the water
is pure, soft and plentiful, where the
greatest variety of products can be
grown, where the rain fall is well dis-
tributed, the climate the very best,
where the winter does not consume
what the summer produces, where the
country is advancing and property
values rapidly increasing and where
land that will produce more can be
bought cheaper than in any other state
in the Union. Come td Florida and
work. -M. N.
I LATE GRAPEFRUIT for April to July
market assured the planter of Bowen,
Florida, Standard and Marsh Seedless
varieties. Sold reasonable prices for
ANo.1 stock at
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES, Tangerine, Fla.
Write for catalog
Great Variety of Crops Being Grown
on Demonstration Farm of Indian
River Farms Company
Mr. Fred Mueller, superintendent of the Indian River Farms Company's
Demonstration Farm, intends to experiment with several new forage crops
this fall. He has obtained a quantity of Egyptian wheat-corn seed. Egyptian
wheat-corn is new to Florida, but the climate and soil of this section Superin-
tendent Mueller believes to be excellently adapted to its growth. It is espe-
cially desirable because of its high feeding value. Burr clover is a forage crop,
which will be given a trial on the demonstration farm this season. None of
this has ever been grown here. Other forage crops which Manager Mueller
intends to put in are red clover, alfalfa, timothy hay, orchard grass, red top
and white Dutch clover and dwarf Essex rape. All kinds of vegetables are be-
ing planted on the demonstration farm, which will mature along about the
first of the year. Summer crops on the demonstration farm have all been
growing satisfactorily. Hawaiian yam, a substitute for the potato, planted in
the summer from very small tubers will mature early in November. Sweet
potatoes planted in June are 'producing and have completely covered the ground
and a big crop is being harvested.
Upland rice, German millet and Kaffir corn are all doing nicely. The
Japanese cane is more than twelve feet high and still growing. The dasheen,
a substitute for the potato, thrives well in a sandy soil. In hot weather with
frequent showers, this plant rivals all others of its kind in rapidity of growth.
The young tubers should be planted in March and mature in about nine months.
After the tubers are matured, they can easily be harvested by hand. The
stocks of the mature plant are grasped in both hands, and if the soil is moist
or sandy, one strong pull usually brings up the entire root system. If some
tubers break off from the rhizome and remain in the ground they are readily
brought out with the hoe. If the soil is hard it may be necessary to loosen it
with the hoe on one side before pulling. A vigorous shake after removal from
the ground generally serves to break off all the matured tubers from the main
root stock, their weight causing the narrow, brittle base to snap off close to
the parent root. The dasheen resembles the Elephant Ear, so much used as an
ornamental plant in the north. The height of the plant ranges from 2 to 2%
A registered Hampshire boar has been purchased from Mr. T. J. Larson of
Ravenwood, Missouri, for the Demonstration Farm. The foundation is being
laid for pure-blooded stock. All the hogs on the Demonstration Farm are
Hampshires, a breed especially adaptable to Florida conditions.
In Mrs. Walker's Flower Garden in Indian River Farms
To weigh the material in the scales of the practical, and measure life
by the standard of love; to prize health as contagious happiness, wealth
as potential service, reputation as latent influence, learning for the light
it can shed, power for the help it can give, station for the good it can do;
to choose in each case what is best on the whole, and accept cheerfully
incidental evils involved; to put my whole self into all that I do, and in-
dulge no single desire at the expense of myself as a whole; to crowd out
fear by devotion to duty, and see present and future as one. To treat
others as I would be treated, and myself as I would my best friend; to
lend no oil to the foolish, but let my light shine freely for all; to make no
gain by another's loss, and buy no pleasure with another's pain; to harbor
no thought of another which I would be unwilling that others should know;
to say nothing unkind to amuse myself, and nothing false to please others;
to take no pride in weaker men's failings, and bear no malice toward those
who do wrong; to pity the selfish no less than the poor, the proud as much
as the outcast, and the cruel even more than the oppressed; to worship
God in all that is good and true and beautiful; to serve Christ wherever
a sad heart can be made happy or a wrong will set right; and to recognize
God's coming kingdom in every institution and person that helps men to
love one another.-William DeWitt Hyde.
- ,I I
If your competitor sells more go ds than you it is because people know what he has.
Science is directing men to treasure-troves of which our fathers did not dream. The national debts of the universe could
be paid with the valuable products which we, for centuries, cast aside as useless.-Herbert Kaufman
8 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Just now, when there is a world-
wide scarcity of sugar, owing to the
war in Europe, and the demand is be-
coming increasingly acute in conse-
quence, it seems like a waste of good
material to make syrup out of sugar
cane. But there is many a farmer who
has a small patch of cane and is not
concerned with the condition of the
sugar market, which he could do noth-
ing to relieve, anyhow, who would like
to know the best method of turning his
cane into good syrup. Then, too, the
peculiarly rich flavor of Florida syrup
has made a distinct demand for it.
The following directions are furnished
by the bureau of chemistry of the
United States Department of Agri-
In the making of syrup from sugar
cane on a small scale, the farmer
must use some form of mill, either an
upright, two-roller or three-roller mill
driven by horse power, or a vertical
three-roller mill driven by horsepower,
gasoline or steam. In some cases a
group of cane raisers on a small scale
can establish a mill for common use,
or the owner of a mill may grind cane
for others at a fixed charge. In the
use of them it is necessary for some
one to feed the stalks one or more at
a time into the mill. The residue
cane known as bagasse is too wet to
be used directly for fuel.
The juice from the mill should be
caught in a barrel or tank and can be
taken in buckets to the boiling appara-
tus, or may be caught in a wooden
evaporator. Before the juice is put in
the boiling pan it should be strained
through a cheesecloth or a wire-mesh
sieve somewhat finer than ordinary
window screen. This removes the
solid particles from the cane and helps
to improve the color and flavor of the
The simplest form of evaporator,
and yet one that will produce good
syrup is a large, shallow, oblong pan
which may have a metal bottom and
wooden sides. This is placed imme-
diately over some form of furnace.
This pan may be divided by numerous
partitions into separate small pans,
or a number of separate pans may be
used. The juice as it is heated up to
the proper point and skimmed is then
ladled into the next pan, so that the
fresh juice starts in at the beginning
and the last pan contains the finished
In no case should fresh juice be
added to cooked juice after it has
boiled down, as this will produce a
dark, ill-flavored syrup and prevent
the proper removal of all scum
re of Syrup from
through the successive pans. The
lightest colored and best-flavored
syrup is produced by boiling the juice
as rapidly as possible and removing
the syrup as soon as it has properly
thickened. The best practice is to
keep the juice boiling so as to have
not more than an inch of boiling syrup
in the successive pans in order to in-
duce clear boiling.
Removing the Scum.
As soon as the fresh juice begins to
boil in the first pan, which should be
over a hot part of the fire, a certain
quantity of scum rises to the surface.
This scum should be raked to the side
and scooped out. Removal of this
scum is absolutely necessary to pro-
duce a fine-flavored and good-colored
syrup. This scum results from the
fact that the juice of the sugar cane
contains albuminous substances, like
the white of an egg, which curdle on
heating and by curdling take up the
floating material, and clear the juice.
The boiling of the juice in the first
pan should be continued until the
heavy scum no longer comes to the
It should then be ladled into the
second pan or partition. The purpose
of the first pan is to clarify the juice.
Boiling in the second pan or partition
should be continued until the juice
has become a thin syrup. The further
heating which the juice receives in
the second pan will cause other mat-
ter in solution in the juice to come
to the top and this, again, should be
skimmed. When the juice has become
a thin syrup and skimmings no longer
rise to the surface, it should be ladled
into the third pan which is back to-
wards the stack of the furnace. In
this pan the syrup should be boiled
until it is sufficiently thick.
Testing the Syrup.
Those familiar with syrup making
can tell, from a peculiar breaking of
bubbles on the surface of the liquid,
when it has reached the necessary
thickness. Others determine this by
dropping a little of the syrup from a
cup and noting the way in which the
liquid drops and the size of the drops.
.This method, however, can not be
recommended to beginners in syrup
making. These should provide them-
selves with a Baume hydrometer (a
closed glass tube weighted at one end
so as to float upright; on one side of
the tube is given a scale, like the
scale on a thermometer and the point
to which the tube sinks in the liquid
shows the density of the liquid; the
scale is divided from 0 up to 50.) A
suitable hydrometer can be obtained
It is impossible to enjoy idling thoroughly unless one has plenty of work to do
It is impossible to enjoy idling thoroughly unless one has plenty of work to-do
A Big Thanksgiving Day Picnic for the
People Living in Indian River Farms
and the New Town of Vero
This is a Get-Together occasion where all the new settlers can meet and
shake hands with each other. New people are coming in so rapidly and are so
very busy after their arrival that they don't have an opportunity to get ac-
quainted with each other. Thanksgiving day is a day not only to be devoted
to the giving of Thanks for the opportunities supplied in the new country but
it is also being given over to Around the Festive Board and Feet Under the
Table; a big dinner is going to be given at noon. Mr. A. W. Young of the
Indian River Farms Company expects to start on a hunting trip on November
20 and has promised to supply deer and wild turkeys for the feast; Fish and
oysters from the Indian River will be provided. Celery, lettuce, cucumbers,
new potatoes and every vegetable imaginable will be supplied from Indian
River Farms. The Horn of Plenty will scatter the fruit. The site of the hold-
ing of the picnic has not yet been selected, although several have been
In all probability this affair will be made an annual event and an organi-
zation will be perfected to take charge of the arrangements.
on order through any drug store.
Place the syrup in a deep tin cup and
allow the hydrometer to settle in it.
The point on the scale at the top of
the liquid can be read upon the stem
of the tube. When the hydrometer
comes to rest at from 12 to 35 on the
scale, the syrup has reached its proper
density. It must be remembered, how-
ever, that the hot syrup is thinner
than the same syrup after it is cold.
One can readily experiment for him-
self and determine the density at
which to stop boiling his particular
Cans or other containers should be
sterilized by scalding in boiling water.
The syrup should be poured in these
hot, and the container immediately
sealed. It is then best to cool the
syrup as rapidly as possible by the
use of cold water around the cans,
as syrup allowed to cool gradually
often gets darker.
Sometimes when syrup is not ac-
curately made it shows crystalization
into sugar after standing a week or
so. This crystalization results either
from evaporating the juice to too
thick a syrup, or from the fact that
the cane from which it was made was
very ripe. Crystalization can be pre-
vented by taking it out of the final
pan while it is slightly less thick.
Another method is to cut the cane
and not run it through the mill for
one or two days, as this allows some
of the sugar to break up. Others al-
low the juice from the cane to stand
for some time before boiling, but this
involves danger of having the juice
ferment too far with the result that
the flavor of the syrup may be spoiled.
Keep Everything Clean.
Makers of syrup should exercise
great care in seeing that the barrels,
buckets, troughs, or other containers
used to handle the cane juice, and the
cheesecloth or screens used for strain-
ing it are kept clean. They should be
washed frequently with water. In the
event that the buckets and barrels
have been allowed to stand for some
time after use and have become sour,
they should be washed out with lime-
water, made by slacking about two
pounds of lime to a bucket of water.
This lime water should then be washed
out carefully with cold water.
In these directions it must be borne
in mind that .the methods described
are designed for the small maker,
though they can be used in manufac-
turing syrup on a somewhat larger
scale. Indeed, the home-made syrups
which may be prepared by these direc-
tions, are not surpassed in flavor and
desirability by the products from
large mills though the latter may be
able to manufacture syrup more eco-
Hammock Land, Indian River Farms
Texas and Arkansas usually make
'long-in-advance' contracts at a certain
"As for prices, there are two such:
Either the syrup is shipped in tank
cars to wholesalers who themselves
pack it in quart, half gallon and gallon
cans, when the usual price is 22 cents
per gallon average. If packed by the
factory itself in tins, as much as from
50 cents to 75 cents can be secured.
With modern equipment as much as 25
gallons average high grade table syrup
can be secured per ton of cane. I
have records of heavy mills getting
as much as 28. The best colors and
quality are produced at about 25 gal-
lons per ton. The higher results en-
tail much chemical clarification, ow-
ing to fiber and impurities secured by
the higher pressures at the mills. I
strongly advocate a modern syrup
(NOTE:-Florida syrup is said to
excel all others in quality and should
easily command the highest market
prices at all times, provided modern
methods are adopted.) Everglade
If it's salable The Farmer can sell it.
THE TRADE-MARK OF WAR.
Permit me to make myself known.
I am a soldier's uniform.
I have the power to transform a
man from a man into a slave. I am
the symbol of lust, the badge of
bondage, the boon companion of bay-
onet and torch, and the trade-mark of
Without me murder would be mur-
der; butchery, butchery, and diplo-
macy a dead letter. With me indi-
viduals perish, personality is a mock-
ery, and cruelty a synonym of justice.
Women follow me in crowds. I
fascinate them. They smile at me,
blind to the knowledge that through
me are their sorrows multiplied a
With me there can be no peace.
Without me man is man, woman is
woman, and God is God.-Life.
UNLIMITED MARKET FOR CANE
"There is certainly a market for all
the syrup Florida can turn out if it
is put in an attractive way and the
sale is properly advertised and pushed.
Once Florida syrup is taken, they al-
ways 'come again.' We are convinced
there is a magnificent future for the
sugar industry in Florida. This should
be one of the coming industries and a
profitable one for the state, says the
"From the syrup point of view it
is more than practicable to begin with,
say 200 acres and increase same
yearly from 1,000 to 1,200 in say three
to four years, by which time you shall
have developed your own market and
also made your brand known, the lat-
ter being a very important feature of
the business. Once the brand is
known, there is nothing that moves
like a perfect syrup and nothing that
yields the same great profits in sugar
"Yes, there is already a very great
market established for known brands
and it will be only a question of mak-
ing one's brand known. However,
there are no particularly difficult fea-
tures about this-the rightkind must
be produced and uniformly and the
rest depends merely on the proper
"The great markets are the southern
states generally, but specifically so, is
Texas; it being the most extraordinary
consumer of that commodity in the
entire world. Not enough syrup could
be raised to supply Texas alone, not
considering the state of Arkansas,
which is also an enormous consumer.
"Centers like Chicago, St. Louis,
Cairo, Kansas City, are the great dis-
tributing points. The great grocery
companies to be found all through
To move forward constantly in a straight line, without capitulation or compromise, has never been granted to any man
born of woman. The white flags of truce flutter from every citadel.-Michael Monahan
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 9
The southern farmer has the advan-
tage in raising hogs because of the
variety of crops he produces. These
include peanuts, chufas and sweet po-
tatoes. This fact should emphasize
the profitability to be derived from hog
' raising. Yet does he take advantage
of his situation? At least not to the
extent he should. There has been too
long a disposition to grow one crop
only-cotton-and no live stock hardly
at all. Butter and meats from Kansas
and Iowa and canned goods from Illi-
) nois do not bring the southern farmer
into the atmosphere of wealth that a
different attitude with regard to home
production would give. More horses,
more cattle, more hogs, would supply
his own needs and more corn and
other small grain would supply feed for
them as well as give the needed rota-
All reports indicate that Florida
* crops are in better condition today
than the average for several years,
and that there will be a good general
production, not only of citrus fruits,
but of everything else that grows in
In this connection, it is well to illus-
trate some of the things that can be
done in this state, that are not done
on a large scale, nor, in fact, on a prof-
itable scale, to make the crop one of
Corn can be grown here as profita-
bly as elsewhere, and, in fact, more
profitably than in the majority of
places. * You will see many
little patches of corn. No great fields
of it, like one may see in "the corn
belt," to be sure, but plenty of small
patches of it. There are many of these
patches that show corn in as flourish-
Ling condition as will be seen in the
corn belt of the North. Many of these
patches will show cornstalks bearing
two and three large, well developed
.ears. There are thousands of acres of
land * that will produce corn
like this. And yet we pay a dollar a
bushel for corn shipped here from
There are tens of thousands of acres
of land on which as good hay can be
produced as is grown anywhere. This
country could produce hay to take care
.of all the live stock now here, and
thousands and thousands of head of
cattle, horses, mules, sheep and goats
in addition, and yet not have a very
large percentage of our land employed
,in the production of hay. Yet we are
paying exorbitant prices for hay, and
high prices for dairy products, when
we can produce all of them more
B. P. Wagner
tion of crops to conserve the fertility
of the land. Hogs and cattle are per-
haps the most important live stock
here mentioned for the purposes of this
article-to show how a proper appor-
tionment means a net profit from cot-
ton and his expenses paid by the re-
mainder of his crops.
Granting that only a tenth of a farm,
or plantation, is given over to the pro-
duction of the cotton crop, what be-
comes of the additional nine-tenths?
Could it not be made to pay a dividend
in addition to supplying the farmer's
needs? It has done so in a number
of instances that have come to my
g Poland China
notice. And here is where the hog
comes in. This animal is quickly
raised for market, growing sleek and
weighty quickly on cow-peas, clover
and the aforementioned crops so easily
cheaply and better than almost any
part of the country. * *
We are today shipping potatoes into
Jacksonville from other places, and
they are being bought at prices two to
three times as high as our potato pro-
ducers sold potatoes for earlier in the
season, and there are tens of thou-
sands of acres of good land that will
produce the finest kind of potatoes
cheaply. The land is lying idle, we are
contributing profits to build up other
communities that we should keep at
home, in fact, we should be selling
millions of dollars' worth of potatoes
to other sections, bringing more money
in, instead of sending it out of the
We are buying eggs from other
states, and paying fancy prices for
them when Florida is the ideal poultry
state. No country can produce poul-
try or eggs at a better profit than we
can. Duval county alone could produce
enough poultry and eggs to supply the
state year in and year out, and never
lose a dollar's worth to any other sec-
tion or state.
These are just a few of the items
that we are neglecting. Just a few of
the things we are overlooking. It is
bad business, and gross carelessness.
What we have said of Du*l cIunty
applies with equal force to all of Flor-
ida. Every county in the state can
furnish tens of thousands of acres of
good land to produce the things Flor-
ida now buys from other states.
We need a campaign of education.
We need an awakening among our own
people that would put on foot the
movement that would people this state
with busy farmers and producers, and
make Florida the richest state in the
grown in the South. The Berkshire
and Essex are the favorite breeds for
this section. They are not only hardier
than the Poland-Chinas but they bring
larger litters. The Essex are finer
boned but more delicate. No white
hog will long survive in the South and
experiments with them have in nearly
all cases proved a disappointment.
As the hog is a rapid grower it is
economy to push him from the start.
A variety of food delights him and it
pays to gratify his appetite. Milk
from the dairy, to which is added mid-
dlings, makes a good slop, corn being
used to finish off and harden the flesh
for market time. Grasses and fallen
fruit give growth early, the shoats
making rapid headway when turned
into the clover field or where cow
peas or ground nuts are growing. There
is no profit in keeping a hog until it
is a year old before marketing. 'The
success of the Boys' Pig Club grow-
ers, who have outstripped their fathers
in many instances, will attest this
In keeping them over winter, it is
economy to provide clean quarters and
warm bedding. The old policy of al-
lowing swine to range the woods,
which once seemed to be a cheap
method of growing them, is now in
disrepute. The farmer has realized
what care and feeding will do. Good
milking sows should be selected for
raising pigs and they should be fed
well until weaning time. An advant-
age in having the pigs come in March
or April is that they will run on grass
with their mothers from the start.
-Journal of Agriculture.
HIGH PRICES FOR CANE.
"Places that have made money this
past year of low prices and bad cane,
will reap a harvest of gold this fall.
We are just now facing $7 to $8 cane.
All our contracts are made 90 cents
on 96 test sugar, and 96 test sugar in
New York at this writing is nearly 5
cents, making a ton of cane cost right
now $4.50. With sugar at 8 cents, one
ton of cane will cost $7.20.
"As Russia, Austria, France and
Germany are the largest beet growers
and beet sugar makes our cane sugar
prices, this war will destroy all beet
fields for not one year but it will be
five years before they again get the
same acreage if ever. So sugar has
by someone's misfortune become the
greatest money making crop in this
THE BOMBS OF OBSCURITY.
I've got a peach of an idea.
I can do twice as well if I only try.
One of these days .
I'm not as much of a dub as you
I'm out of practice.
If I only had a little pull.
There's no use buckin' tough luck.
Do I look like a sucker?
I'll take a chance with the best of
-New York Evening Sun.
Ocklawaha Nurseries at Tanger-
ine, Florida, for Genuine Carney
Parson Brown Orange trees,Early
Conner Seedless Orange trees.
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES,Tangerine Fla.
Write for catalog
PORK PRODUCTION IN THE SOUTH
Good Crops in Florida
Self defense is the first I v of nature; are you defending yourself ?
FLORIDA ROADS TALK AND PRIDE
OF OTHER STATES.
Industrial Index Editorial Boosts Com-
monwealth for Work Accom-
Interest in the progress Florida is
making in building and keeping up
good roads is noticed far and wide
and is most favorably commented on in
many of the leading industrial and
trade papers and journals of the coun-
One of the resumes of the situation
is contained in the following editorial
taken from a recent issue of the In-
A total of 2,848 miles of good roads
were built in Florida last year at a
cost of more than $1,000,000, accord-
ing to an official report just made pub-
lic. Half of the roads were surfaced
with sand-clay, 857 miles with marl
or crushed stone and of the remainder
8.5 miles were constructed of brick.
A number of Florida counties have
voted bond issues for road construc-
tion in recent months, and it is esti-
mated that the expenditures this year
for improved highways will amount to
$3,000,000 or more.
Nothing has demonstrated more not-
ably the progress that Florida is mak-
ing than the building of good roads
in that state. These roads are paying
handsome returns on the money in-
vested in them. They would pay a
very satisfactory return if nothing but
the increase in the value of lands
which they cause was taken into ac-
count. We have in mind the case of
a farm-owner who attempted to sell
his farm for $1,800 and was unable to
secure that amount for it. A first-
class highway was built through the
farm and he then refused an offer of
$3,000 for the farm, though there had
been no change in the status of the
farm except the building of the road.
Not only is Florida building roads,
but it is constructing very substantial
ones, brick being used for the purpose
in some counties.-St. Lucie Tribune.
VIEWS OF MR. INGRAHIAM.
Now comes J. E. Ingraham, vice-
president of the Florida East Coast
Railway Company, with the following
open letter: '
"The wars abroad, in all probability,
will practically exhaust the resources
of the countries of Europe in the way
of food products, in very short time,
and they will necessarily be obliged to
look to the United States for food.
"It would, therefore, seem to be wise
to encourage in your vicinity, with all
the influences that you can bring to
bear, the idea that food must be raised
not only for our own consumption, but
for export to these warring nations.
"The crops of this year, abroad,
will probably be in a large measure
destroyed by the armies, or lost by rea-
son of the absorption in the armies of
the men necessary to harvest them;
so it would seem as if there would be
a period of at least a year and a half
before, even under the most favorable
circumstances, they can again begin to
raise a food supply which will help
support them, hence there should be
no time lost in preparing lands and
getting them ready for crops, that ev-
ery acre possible be prepared to pro-
duce some demand for supplies far
exceeding anything heretofore known
in this country.
"It seems to me that Florida will
have eight months or more of advan-
tage in time over any other section of
the South in which to raise crops of
Luck doesn't mind dropping in
without an invitation-but he's a
mighty lukewarm friend to rest
your entire weight against
THE COURA GE THA 7 SUCCEEDS The courage to be just; the courage to be honest
order of manhood and womanhood-it is the coZ
10 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER _.
One of the greatest hardships that
can be worked on any country is to
send all its money out for food and
clothing supplies, as well as for luxu-
Florida is like practically every State
in the Union. You could build a wall
around the State, and the people could
live within the State on what is pro-
duced here. There is cotton enough for
cotton clothes, wool enough for woolen
clothes, grain enough for breadstuffs,
and enough live stock could easily be
produced for meat, and enough poultry
for the poultry and egg supply, and
the streams abound in fish, so that we
would always have plenty of fish and
sea food. Then we would have all
the citrus fruits we needed and to
spare, all the vegetables, melons and
other luxuries that could possibly be
used, and to spare.
It is said that Florida sends more
money out of the state for poultry and
eggs than the citrus fruit crop amounts
to annually. If that even approaches
the facts, it is a solemn reproach on
the state and the intelligence of our
people. Florida could be the biggest
poultry producing state in the Union.
We could, at less expense, far sur-
pass Iowa in this respect. We buy
corn and hay from Northern states.
We can raise two crops of corn and
from one to twenty crops of hay, cer-
tainly in some parts of the state, every
year. This is money thrown away.
In one year, for instance, we could
be living off the chickens and eggs
produced here. It doesn't take long
for chickens to grow from the eggs to
laying hens. It doesn't take long from
the hatching of an egg to the produc-
tion of eggs. Every back yard in Flor-
ida is an incipient poultry farm. Every
housewife can cut her living expenses
half in two by utilizing the back yard
for raising chickens, instead of allow-
ing it to grow up in weeds and grass.
Let's start a movement for a "Let's
Live at Home" club in Florida, and see
what good we can accomplish.
We buy butter and cheese from the
outside. We ought to be big shippers
of butter and all dairy products, in-
stead of buyers from other states.
If Florida would keep the money at
home that she sends out of the state
annually for such things as these, it
would be the most prosperous state
in the Union.
Why wouldn't it be a good idea for
the newspapers and the Boards of
Trade in the state to make up and
organize some "Let's Live at Home"
clubs? Suppose there was such a cjub
in every town in Florida. Suppose
that clubs were working all the time
to keep money at home, to live on
things that are produced in Florida,
what a tremendous effect it would
The Gadey Excavator No. 1, which
has been rebuilt and strengthened
throughout, will resume work next
week on the south sub-laterals. The
other Gadey machine is still at work
on sub-lateral A. 5, which will be fin-
ished this week. It will give drainage
to the Barber, Bodine, Richey and
other places along that road. This'
machine will also be rebuilt, after
which it will be taken back to dig sub-
lateral A 4.
Mrs. Hanna Noble is making im-
provements on her tract and is getting
her land in shape to plant a crop for
the early market. They are expecting
Let's Live at Home
I -"2 -
~ -p -
The Toll of Death in War
In countless homes throughout Europe are heard lamentation and bitter
weeping. Millions-yes, hundreds of millions-refuse to be comforted be-
cause their loved ones have gone down into the Valley of the Shadow of
Death, from which many will never return. Husbands, fathers, brothers,
sweethearts have said good-bye, and to millions perhaps it will be earth's last
good-bye to all that they hold dearest, to all that is more priceless to them
than all material things. On many a battlefield the Grim Reaper will take
his heavy toll. Thousands, perchance a million or more, will die in awful
suffering without any loving hand to ease the pangs of torture, while many
other millions will be maimed for life-some with limbs shot away, some with
eyesight gone, some doomed to agony as long as life lasts.
When our loved ones pass from us after everything that science can sug-
gest has been done to lengthen their stay and ease their pain, we bow before
the awful visitor, Death, and with burdened hearts and bowed heads, even
though we have ain that eternal life beyond the grave, take
up life's work again. But on the battlefield the dying, torn and shattered by
the awful power of the weapons that man's ingenuity has furnished for kill-
ing man, must suffer the tortures of agonies of pain amid the horrors of the
dead and the dying all around them.
* For every death of the body on these battlefields there are many deaths
of the hearts broken by the fearful strain and the overwhelming sorrows of
mothers and wives and sisters and sweethearts and other loved ones who will
go down to the grave with bitter weeping, unable to find comfort in any
thought of tender ministrations or last words of love and hope of a meeting
beyond the grave.
This war, so unspeakably unnecessary, so awful in its magnitude, so
incomprehensible in any real reason for its existence, ought surely to give
pause to the nations of the earth, and men and women ought everywhere to
unite in prayer that in some way its fearful march be halted and in some
way peace be brought back to Europe and tens of millions be made to
rejoice that their loved ones are to be saved from the useless sacrifice which
has already cost so many lives and broken so many hearts. And surely we
should pray that this country may forever be saved from any spirit of war,
and that its people and its officials may forever remember that a soft answer
turneth away wrath, and that the world is to be conquered not by might, but
by right. Worthless is the commerce and the wealth of the world when
weighed in the balance against death and broken hearts.
Peace hath her victories no less renowned than war, and the victories of
peace lift mankind to a higher life; they bring joy instead of sorrow to every
heart and home. Well may this nation and every theirr on bended knees
pray that peace may soon come to Europe, and that we shall forever be
known as a peace-loving and peace-preserving nation.-Manufacturers' Rec-
ord, Aug. 27, 1914.
Sleepy Eye Lodge and
their son from Texas City here to
spend Christmas with them.
A. E. Conway is able to be about
once more after a bad case of car-
buncle blood poison in his hand. Mrs.
M. J. Travis, who was a practical nurse
in the North, treated it without the aid
of a doctor.
Mr. M. J. Travis has purchased a
Ford auto and says it beat walking
all to pieces. He intends to put in a
crop of beans soon and other winter
Mr. P. Caselton has purchased a fine
span of mules and is building an addi-
tion to his home here; his sister from
Illinois, will spend the winter here.
T. P. Ray has sold his interest in
the Vero Grocery Company to his
partner, E. J. Wood, and his brother,
F. P. Wood. Although the business
has been highly successful since it was
established several months ago, Mr.
Ray was compelled to retire because
of his other interests in Vero. He has
contracts for concrete and brick work
and plastering that will occupy his
time for several months.
Leon Chambers has taken charge of
the tailoring establishment at the
Campbell barber shop. He does clean-
ing and pressing and takes orders for
made-to-measure clothing. Mr. Cham-
bers came to Vero several months ago
with his mother.
Recent improvements of the Vero
townsite by the company include the
planting of a row of eucalyptus trees
entirely around three sides of the ho-
tel block in the space between the
sidewalk and the curb. A row of
Washingtonia palms and oak lines
the front space.
J. A. Voight, a St. Louis young man,
Hotel Patk, Vero, Fla.
Mr. Gore is connected with the
Bond & Mortgage Company of
Ind., which has large holdings in
dian River Farms.
Miles McNece of Terre Haute, -
arrived in Vero recently to spend
winter. He has purchased a t
which he will develop this winter.
Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Jewell and A
and Elias Merriman of Valpa
Ind., have arrived to begin develop
their land on the Indian River Fai
George Mustermann and F. H.
Combes of St. Louis, are recent
rivals among the new settlers on
Indian River Farms.
Mrs. J. H. Baker was hostess
small company at her home in
recently. The guests were Mrs. 1
Penney, Mrs. Walter Baker and -
W. N. Hendry of Fort Pierce; Mr.
Mrs. A. R. Brady and Miss Josepl
Brady of Titusville, and Mrs. J. E.
drews and Mrs. William Atkin of V
Mrs. M. E. Hard and daughter
expected to arrive in Vero soo
make their home. The large resi
being built by Prof. Hard at the
of his death is about ready for o
Word has been received in Ve
the death of William C. Fick of Qu
Ill., an owner of forty acres of la
Section 11. Mr. Fick was a large
dealer in Quincy. He intended t
his entire forty acres in citrus
and had recently asked for bi s
clearing and preparing the land.
Fick had visited Vero and was k
to a number of people here.
J. T. Mayfield and M. J. Travi
Vero have formed a partnership in
building contracting business.
Mayfield came from Oklahoma
The December will carry a lot of new Feature Stories. It will be our Biggest, Livest,
Newsiest: Number. DON'T FAIL to Read Every Word in it. Some of the
Farmer words are going to be misspelled-pick out the words that are spelled in-
correctly; we will tell you what to do with them in the December Number
of THE FARMER.
Vero A New Railroad Stat:
Has Modern Hotel, Substa
walks, Pure Water, I
One advertiser cancelled his advertising because he had more D
who purchased a tract on the Inc
Riyer Farms last spring, has retur
to Vero to begin developing it.
Frank Harris has returned to
home southwest of Vero from Q'
burgh, Ill., where he went to att
the funeral of his father.
Miss Ethel Schneider of Fort Pid
was a guest of Miss Louise Santaai
Sleepy Eye Lodge for several d
H. L. Keehner of Deer Plains,
has taken a position as house mar
Sleepy Eye Lodge. .
Mr. and Mrs. C. J. Gore of Chic,
spent several days at Vero recent
aurage to resist temptation; the courage to do one's duty: this is the moral courage that characterizes the highest
without which no great, permanent success in life is achieved.-Samuel Smiles.
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 11
Ir. Travis from Kansas City. Both
re experienced carpenters and build-
Mr. and Mrs. Lee Jones of Alex-
adria, Ind., and little daughter, have
arrived in Vero to spend the winter
rith Mrs. Jones' mother, Mrs. Flora
Ar. and Mrs. A. C. Hodges of Kirk-
rood, Mo., are here to begin develop-
g their land two miles west of Vero
Osceola boulevard. They are re-
ding temporarily on Mrs. A. W.
ng's place near their own land.
Mr. and Mrs. T. W. Radinsky, and
o children, accompanied by Mrs.
adinsky's mother, Mrs. F. Harrington,
rived to take charge of Mr. E. D.
igham's place, a part of which Mr.
adinsky has rented. Mr. Radinsky
ame through with a car bringing two
horses, a cow and some farming imple-
Mr. and Mrs. R. P. Hayes have
Moved into a new bungalow recently
pleted on Cherokee avenue by the
tian River Farms Company. Judge
nd Mrs. J. E. Andiews will occupy
ae house they vacated until their new
puse in the country is completed.
J. Renick of Salt Lake City, and his
other, Charles Renick of Kansas
ity, arrived last week and are living
tent in Vero. They came without
intention of staying, but liked con-
itions here so well that they decided
|H. W. Meldrum of East St. Louis
'anted to get to Vero so badly that he
Ilked all the way from Jacksonville
) get here. He has a contract for ten
cres and started down to spend the
Huckeby of Kirkwood, Mo., has about
completed a house on the same street.
A bridge has been completed across
Lateral A at Bodin's place and three
others will be built immediately.
Judge Andrews and W. T. Humiston
are having artesian wells drilled on
their farms. Judge Andrews will soon
begin the construction of a $5,000 resi-
dence at the junction of Osceola boule-
vard and Kings Highway.
Mr. and Mrs. T. F. Wilson and little
daughter have arrived in Vero to take
up their residence on the W. T. Hum-
iston farm west of town. Mr. Humis-
ton has a handsome stucco bungalow
about completed on his farm.
Mr. and Mrs. Sanford Tubbs and
daughter arrived in Vero, October 18,
from Gary, Ind., in an automobile. Mr.
Tubbs is owner of a tract of excellent
muck land west of town, which he has
already started to develop. The fam-
ily will reside in Vero in a house be-
ing built on a lot Mr. Tubbs purchased
A dozen fig trees set out eight
months ago by John Shallcross on the
Kerr place, northwest of Vero, are sup-
plying him with more figs than he can
eat. Conditions on the Indian River
Farms are peculiarly adapted to fig
growing and while none have ever
been raised here on a commercial scale
it has been demonstrated that they
do remarkably well.
A. W. May, who arrived recently
from Kirkwood, Mo., with his family,
has purchased a lot on Mohawk avenue
and will live in town while developing
his place in Section 29.
The Vero Board of Trade will hold
. .> .- r-_. .
ne ot Nw u awa--. e r
1 One of the New Bungalows at Vero, Fla.
Farmers' Profits Will Be Large Is Be-
lief of Drover
Pablo Beach Man Is Enthusiastic Over Agricultural
L. L. Mizelle, who operates a stock
and grain farm two miles south of
Pablo Beach, was a visitor in the city
here following a trip to southern
Georgia to dispose of a carload of
hogs. "It's goin to be a big year for
the farmer," he said. "Some of the
hogs in the carload just sold netted
me over $18 a head-that is actual
profit, deducting costs of raising and
Mr., Mizelle said he had 120 acres,
only twenty of which was under culti-
vation, however, and that when he
started in a few years ago he bought
eight hogs. That was all he ever pur-
chased, and in addition to the car just
sold he has 250 head left now. Besides
building up this huge flock he has
made a good annual income in the
"The Poland China is by far the best
type of hog for Florida," he said. "My
experience has been that they need no
crossing with native stock. They have
a long nose, are an excellent woods
hog and will fatten on grass or almost
anything. They will raise as high as
four litters a year, though three is
about the average, and the litters will
run about seven pigs each."
Mr. Mizelle was in business as a con-
tractor and builder in Boston for many
years. He believes that the agricul-
tural possibilities of Florida are almost
unlimited and that, any one who is will-
ing to attend to business can make a
handsome profit. "But you must raise
stock," he adds. "Sell your grain and
feed on the hoof."
He also has a comfortable little side
line in a smoke house, which he uses
for curing a certain amount of hams
and bacon every year. "They always
bring the top price and I never have
any difficulty in getting from 20 cents
to 25 cents a pound for my surplus,"
he said. The smoke house, he believes,
is another adjunct to farming which
has been but little developed and offers
another big field.-Miami Metropolis.
What Does a Million and Quarter Cubic
Yards of Dirt Look Like?
The total excavation to date exceeds one and a quarter million cubic
yards. Do you realize what a million cubic yards of dirt is? Take for instance
a city block, 300 feet square, if dug out 300 feet deep would be one million
cubic yards. Look at a city block; stand it on its end and try to realize what
a million cubic yards of earth is? Excavate it 300 feet deep and put all of that
up in one pile before your mind's eye and picture the enormity of it.
The Fred M. Crane Company of Council Bluffs, Iowa, has completed their
contract for the construction of the main canal, Lateral A, and the range line
ditch canal. The machines which were doing the work have been dismantled
and moved out.
The List & Gifford Construction Company of Kansas City has the con-
tract for the balance of the work, which is Laterals B, C, D and E, and all of
the sub-lateral ditches. Lateral B is going along nicely and is passing through
the heavy muck section. Two Gady machines are making fairly good speed.
The List & Gifford Company contemplate adding some improvements to these
machines to enable them to do the work within the period of time covered
under the contract.
Mr. William H. Kimball, chief engineer of the Indian River Farms Com-
pany, spent the summer and early fall in the New England states; he has
now returned to his home in Davenport, Iowa. Mr. R. P. Hayes, the resident
engineer at Vero, has now returned to Vero to assume active charge of the field
work which has been in charge, during Mr. Hayes' absence, of W. B. Worrall,
a veteran civil engineer and well-known west of Chicago; Mr. Hayes having
relieved Mr. Kimball during the time of Mr. Kimball's absence. The arrange-
ment in the exchange of positions during the' summer season was most satis-
factory to the engineers who have all enjoyed the change, except that Mr.
Hayes and family longed for the cool weather and the delightful climate of
Vero. Mr. Hayes now being back on the job, let the dirt fly!
Anter. Arriving at Jacksonville, his
nuances gave out and ten days later
reached Vero, almost exhausted
om his long hike.
A. W. May, who arrived recently
om Kirkwood, Mo., has begun the
section of a house on Mohawk ave-
e. Mr. May has a team and is tak-
contracts for hauling and plowing.
he attractive bungalow built by the
pmpany at Cherokee avenue, was
bmpleted this week and is being oc-
upied by Mr. and Mrs. R. P. Hayes.
'he finishing touches are being placed
n W. G. Graul's bungalow on Osceola
boulevard, which is being occupied by
!r. and Mrs. George Roth. R. G.
a meeting Monday night to discuss the
matter of issuing a booklet and con-
sider the proposed packing house.
H. Clemans and sons of Rock Island,
Ill., have completed a house on forty
acres in Section 4, which Mr. Clemans
traded for a tract in Section 85. They
intended to begin developing their
original tract at once, but the lack of
drainage made it necessary for them
to change to Section 4.
W. T. Humiston and E. D. Ingham
both have new artesian wells on their
farms. Mr. Humiston had his well
made so he can turn the water on and
off. This is much more desirable than
a continuously flowing" well.
COME TO FLORIDA.
A man passed through Kansas in an
emigrant wagon with this inscription
painted on its side: "Colorado and ele-
vation, Kansas and stagnation, popu-
listic admiration and damnation. I
am going to my wife's relations and
make no further explanation." To im-
migrants and tourists we offer this
suggestion: "Come to Florida, correct
in elevation, where a man of education
can engage in speculation, bring along
your wife's relations, have good times
and free salvation, with no danger of.
starvation. This is worth considera-
tion and is no prevarication."
THE SWEET POTATO.
The Sanford Herald calls attention
to the lowly Florida sweet potato
which, it says, was once classed with
the razorback in the category of hu-
mility. The same despised tuber is
now bringing sixty cents a peck in
Sanford. That's the kind of stuff to
hand 'em! Florida can raise the best
sweet potatoes in the world and she
can raise them at a big profit, and
yet the crop in 1913 was estimated at
only $1,732,000 in value. It might
easily be ten or twenty times that
amount, and bring prosperity and
profit to the growers.
kStrong Bank, An Exchange Packing House, A
Swellings, Paved Streets with curbing and side-
[led Climate, Good School, Churches, Congenial
Vero An Opportunity for Investment that You Can't Afford to Pass By; with its
Thousands of acres of Land as rich as the Lands in the Valley of the Nile,
Offtters Vero is firmly started on its way to become the Center of a Thriving Com-
munity. Vero Lots are Cheap Today; Buy a Lot in Vero NOW and Watch
Your Dollars Grow.
press in sight than he could handle. /Did it ever happen to you?
You can till the desert until eternity without result. Industry is sterile without intelligence.-Herbert Kaufman
12 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Cattle Supply Less, Consumption
(To the Editor.) countries which have an excess, at
We are appending hereto what in- better prices than this surplus can be
formation we have to offer with refer- disposed of in the United States. Of
ence to the demand and supply of course, if the shortage in the United
cattle. This is in connection with an States, which is indicated below, in-
editorial appearing in your issue of creases, prices here will tend to rise
September 14, entitled "Deal Honestly to the point where we shall bid on
With the Public," in which the infer- fairly equal terms for the surplus of
ence was suggested that the supply of other producing countries.
cattle has not been so decreased as to The facts with reference to the sup-
influence the price of beef to the con- ply in the United States are as fol-
sumer. The facts with reference to lows: Population increase last 10
the supply of cattle and the demand years, 20 per cent; cattle decrease
for beef products are too important to last 10 years, over 32 per cent.
the interests of the producer, dis- Cattle exports have decreased from
tributor and consumer to be carelessly 500,000 head in the same period to 46,-
dealt with. The figures offered here- 000 head annually. Exports of beef
in may be verified by consultation products for the same period have de-
with reports made by the United creased from 500,000,000 pounds to 50,-
States Census Bureau, the Bureau of 000,000 pounds. On the other hand,
Animal Industry of the Department of imports of live cattle were as follows:
Agriculture, and United States con- 1907, 32,000 head; 1913, 430,000 head,
sular reports. largely from Mexico.
Showing, first the supply of cattle Indicating that the production in
in proportion to the population of the this country is still decreasing, re-
world, it is estimated that in the past ceipts at six domestic markets for the
10 years the population of the world year 1914, up to September 12, as corn-
has increased 20 per cent, while the pared with 1913, were as follows:
supply of cattle in the same period 1913, 4,809,000 head;. 1914, 4,045,000
has increased only 4 per cent. There head; decrease, 866,000 head.
are a few nations only who have such It will be noted above that the in-
an excess supply of beef that the crease in population has evidenced it-
United States might reasonably be self pretty largely in the country east
expected to make up from them any of the Mississippi River, which is the
shortage within its own boundaries, consuming part of the country, while
And the facts with reference to these two-thirds of the cattle are held west
countries are as follows: of the Mississippi River, in the pro-
Russia. during region.
Population increase, 10 years, 14 It would seem that an unprejudiced
per cent; cattle decrease, 10 years, 12 study of the figures and statements
per cent. above would indicate a continuing de-
Brazil. crease in the supply of cattle in pro-
Population increase, 10 years, 20 portion to the population of the coun-
per cent; cattle decrease, 10 years, 20 try, which will make the question of
per cent. meat foods a very serious one to the
Australia. consuming public in a short time. The
Larger cattle increase than popula- accumulated shortage with reference
tion increase, but total supply only 11,- to population since 1910 is 19.2 per-
750,000 (one year's slaughter in the cent. The shortage has become a
United States). worldwide matter.
Mexico. The United States, which used to
No reliable figures available, but it be a great producer, has itself reached
is well known that the northern half the importing stage, and why? Be-
of the country is stripped of cattle, cause we have been creating a great
and it will take Mexico years to bring consuming population at the expense
its stock up to its own requirements. of that portion of our people who have
Argentina. been producers of foodstuffs. The
Cattle, January 1, 1908, 29,750,000; high prices are an exact reflex of the
cattle, January 1, 1913, 28,750,000; de- law of supply and demand, and our
crease, 1,000,000. own desire to have a highly compli-
Four-fifths of the Argentina ship- cated social life, which demands ex-
ments go to Europe. Total Argentina pensive methods of distribution. If
beef imported "by the United States some millions who now insist on the
October, 1913, to March, 1914, inclu- artificial and unnatural life of the
sive, 49,565,935 pounds. This is equiv- cities will go out into the great open
alent to about 100,000 cattle, or one country, put the acres to work in the
week's receipts at the United States intensive European way, which means
domestic markets, an intelligent and diligent combina-
September 2, London market, Ar- tion of grain and live stock farming,
gentina beef, 15 cents per pound. Sep- the consumer will shortly pay less for
tember 2, New York market, Argen- his foods, including beef, and, inci-
tine beef, 11 cents per pound. dentally, we shall have a far higher
Much Argentina beef now received average of citizenship.
in the United States is being re- Yours very truly,
shipped to Europe. Wirt Wright,
The facts given above indicate that President, National Stock Yards
the demand from the large consuming National Bank.
European countries would pretty near- September 23, 1914.
ly take the excess production of those -St. Louis Republic.
J. G. Coats & Co.
FT. PIERCE, FLA.
Horses and Mules for Sale
Canals and Ditching
Indian River Farms Best of All Florida
After looking at land at several other points along the East Coast of
Florida, F. T. Currier of Worcester, Mass., came to Vero and purchased a
tract west of town. He has built a house and will grow vegetables while
starting a citrus grove.
"I saw no land at any place in Florida that appealed to me as much as
this does," says Mr. Currier. "None of the land companies seem to be doing
as much or as thorough development work as the Indian River Farms
Company. The clearing on the other lands I looked at was heavy, yet the
prices are as high as for the lands here. I will be able to start growing
crops on my land with practically no expense for clearing and the manner
in which the drainage system is being put in assures me that I need not
fear any trouble from water."
Grapefruit Trees in Walker Grove Near Vero
FLORIDA NEEDS MORE PEOPLE.
Fort Myers Press-Yes, there are
millions of acres 'of land in Florida
that are tillable, and these acres should
be put under cultivation at the earli-
est possible moment. In order to do
this, it is necessary that more people
be brought to Florida. To bring the
people here it is necessary that more
advertising, systematic advertising, be
done. The time to act is now, and
there should be a concerted effort on
the part of every one to see that the
glad tidings of Florida are heralded
to the world in the most forceful man-
ner and without delay. There is plenty
of room for thousands of people, and
the principal kind needed are farmers.
There are excellent opportunities of-
fered for those who will come and
make an honest effort to better them-
selves, and at the same time they
will be doing a good thing for the bene-
fit of humanity. There is no time like
the present. The newspapers of the
state are doing their share, but they
should not be alone, and the people
should do theirs. Let us bring the
people to Florida, and then let us feed
REDSTONE & SON
ROUGH and I
FLORIDA HORSES BECOME
Washington.-The Florida horse is
now worth $122 per head, according
to a report just issued by the United
States department of agriculture,
while a year ago his average value
was $118. There are 55,000 on the
farms of this state, and they are val-
ued at $6,710,000. In 1910 the num-
ber of horses in this state was 46,000
and had an aggregate value of $5,014,-
000. In the entire United States there
are 20,962,000 horses and they are
worth $2,291,638,000, or $109.32 each.
INDEBTEDNESS OF FLORIDA,
UNITED STATES AND WORLD.
The United States Department of
Commerce and Labor has just com-
piled a report giving the indebtedness
of the different states of the Union,
the nation and the world. The data
contained in the compilation relates to
the year 1912. The state debt of Flor-
ida is shown to be $619,000 that year,
compared with $1,325,000 thirty years
previous, which is a decrease of $705.-
100. The per capital state debt of this
state in 1912 was 77 cents and $4.36 in
1880. At the present time about
eight-tenths of one per cent of the
population of the United States is in
Florida and two-tenths of one per cent
of the total debt is credited to this
The national debt of the United
States is $1,028,000,000 and the indebt-
edness of all countries of the world is
$42,000,000,000. The European coun-
tries owe about two-thirds of the world
debt and their proportions are rapidly
increasing, as the present war, accord-
ing to experts, is costing on an average
of $50,000,000 per day.
i Ocklawaha Nurseries have the
only known early variety of
Grapefruit, Conner Prolific.
Get them from
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES, Tangerine, Fla.
Write for catalog
NINE MILLION BOXES.
While the Florida Citrus Eichange
has not received estimates from all
the Florida territory regarding the
coming citrus crop, Manager Jones
states that there will probably be
more than 9,000,000 boxes of fruit this
coming season; the largest crop in
the history of Florida. This conclu-
sion is agreed to by railroad officials
and box manufacturers, who are also
in touch with the situation and inter-
ested in making correct estimates.
There will be a particularly large crop
of grapefruit.-Florida Farmer and
You had better get some new business before your competitor gets it all.
More things come to those who are too busy to wait for them
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 13
Greatest Season for Homeseekers
Florida Is Mecca for Thousands This Year, Says L. D
War and Talk of Hard Times Has No Effect
Transportation Man Advances Facts Why This Year Will Bring
Prosperity to Florida
Talk of hard times on account of the ness to all enterprises and firms in
war and a decrease in the value of Florida. The homeseeker comes and
Florida land is disproved, according to buys land, settles here and becomes a
the opinion of L. D. Jones, commercial citizen, thereby helping the State in
agent of the Merchants' & Miners' prosperity and growth.
Transportation Company. Mr. Jones is "There are fully over a thousand
on the road in Florida practically homeseekers in the State now who
' twenty days of each month and is in a have arrived within the past two
position to talk on the conditions in months. The transportation and rail-
the State, and the promise of a big road companies have brought them
I season this winter, here and one-half will buy homes and
"In view of the fact that the war farms and settle. They will return for
prevents tourists going abroad," said their belongings and tell their friends
Mr. Jones, "I can conceive of no rea- of the bright prospects here, probably
son why Florida shouldn't have the causing them to come also, or at least
greatest year for tourists and home- advertising the State further.
seekers that it has ever had. Already "The tourist has everything desir-
two-thirds of the travel in the State at able here in the way of comfortable
present is being done by _opple from hotels, traveling facilities, entertain-
other States, who have come to Florida ments, scenery and climate. The peo-
this early in the season that they might pie are hospitable and the tourist re-
avoid the rush and pick some quiet turns home with a good impression of
spot. the State. He tells his friends and
s "The general belief prevails through- next year returns with others.
iout the State that the homeseekers "Some come here merely with the
will come in greater numbers than idea of looking up business prospects.
ever before. The extensive advertis- This class generally buys land or in-
ing given the climate and land in vests in some enterprise, finally be-
Florida by real estate people and the coming a resident and booster. of
transportation companies has tended to Florida.
"v interest thousands, who will come to "When I hear a man talking of what
see for themselves, a poor season this winter will be, I
"At present half of the farms in want to take him aside and give him a
Florida are owned and operated by few facts. People who talk like this
former citizens of Western and North- either do so from ignorance or preju-
ern states, who at some time or other dice. This man is a constant knocker
came here as homeseekers and pur- and is not to be tolerated.
chased land. Places that have been "The business men, hotel proprietors
barren and uninhabited have been and real estate people in the State are
bought and neat homes and farms preparing for the rush and expect to
started. do a big business. Of course, this is
"The Florida farmer is selling just done only by those who have the fore-
as much now as before the war, and I sight to see what is inevitable, and the
can see nothing in this talk of hard man who is unprepared should get
times. The hotel proprietors are be- ready.
ginning to smile as the early tourist "A hundred reasons could be given
arrives. This is one man that keeps why this year will be the greatest, but
posted on what's going on. He knows I think those already advanced and
that they will come in big numbers and this statement of facts should convince
is preparing for them. the most skeptical of coming pros-
"Last year was the biggest season in perity."-Florida Metropolis.
the State's history and, judging alone
from past facts, it can readily be seen
that this winter will be greater.
"The tourist comes and brings busi-
Sept. 20, 1914.
6. Indian River Farms Company,
Gentlemen: Will say that I have
been over a great deal of Florida and
think that this is as good a proposi-
tion as there is in Florida. Am well
pleased with the land and conditions
and the drainage system is immense
and is being carried out very rapidly.
In fact, there is a great deal of land
already drained here and ready for
Vero is splendidly located and is
i surrounded by some of the best grape-
fruit and orange groves I have seen
in Florida. I believe that everyone
would be satisfied with conditions here.
Yours very truly,
Oscar 0. Monce,
1557 Third Ave.,
Terre Haute, Ind.
I-- -- --- -----
Ocklawaha Nursery trees of
Valencia Late Orange, every one
perfect, and budded from best
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES, Tangerine, Fla.
Write for catalog
Hawaiian Yam Trained Up Side of
Mr. Keltner's Home. This Yam
Was Planted Last May; the Vine
Is 35 Feet High.
When our spiritual motor begins
to skip explosions we've got to do
the repairing ourselves!
First Real Estate Office in the New
Town of Vero Has Been Established
Joe Hill, for a number of years connected with the Indianapolis Star at
Indianapolis, Indiana, and who for a number of years followed real estate and
advertising lines, wended his way to Vero, Florida, about a year and a half
ago; this, after having gone over various portions of the state with the pur-
pose in view of establishing himself permanently in Florida.
Mr. Hill selected a tract of land in Indian River Farms and immediately
set about developing it to grove. Seeing the wonderful possibilities of the
country and realizing full well the great future for it, he has devoted con-
siderable of his time, thought and energy to the things which are largely
responsible for the building of a satisfied community. Mr. Hill has given
much of his time to the formulating and perfecting the plan of the Indian
River Growers' Association. He was instrumental to a certain degree in the
establishing of the Vero Board of Trade, of which organization he is secre-
tary. The influence of this organization has already been felt in the new
town of Vero and its work is yet in its infancy. It looks very much as though
a packing plant for the Florida Citrus Exchange would be established in the
new town of Vero. In the event that this plant is secured, much of the credit
for its being placed there must go to Mr. Joseph Hill and Judge Andrews,
president of the Farmers Bank of Vero.
Mr. Hill contemplates spending much of his time in educating the people
of the north to the fact that in Vero are to be found wonderful opportunities.
He believes that by being in the real estate business in Vero that he can do
much good. He has opened an office and expects to devote most of his atten-
tion to the sale of town lots in and around Vero and improved property; he
also expects to handle farm lands.
. Florida could raise enough to supply ducers to do the planting, the cultivat-
the armies at war in Europe. All we ing and the harvesting.-Florida Me-
need is the army of farmers and pro- tropolis.
T rlrUlTht Don't buy an engine of any make, kind, or at any price
LIS.T| EN until you first get our new 1915 proposition and sliding
scale, price-reducing schedule, because the more we
sell, starting in September 1, 1914, and ending September 1, 1915, the more
we still reduce our price figured on the volume of oursales for that period of time and you get
the benefit. This schedule is of special interest to every man buying an engine. This special
rebate based on a large volume of engines is worth looking into, to say nothing of the fact
that we sell you a better engine on account of the volume we put out which enables us to
manufacture them and make prices with which nobody can successfully compete.
All other sizes from 1 3-4 h. p. up to 15 h. p. proportion-
ately low in price.
The Galloway Masterpiece 6 h. p. at our new A-
low price is the power sensation olI
the year. It's positively the .:.,I e -n -.. ..:___
ine for the money ever offered bc. l,:.. 1 1 kr n
body, any place, anywhere, at an'. t.m. ,
It's positively Al in high quality .:1 I
trial, finish, design and workman r,. h p.
Absolutely supreme in power.
simplicity nd design, noti_
over-rated, nor high-speeded, .
but large bore and stroke, and
plenty of weight, low speed,
built for long, hard, continu-
ous service. 1
Our engines are made in our
own great modern factories by
the thousands, from the very
finest materials, on automatic
machinery, all parts standard-
ized and alike and sold to you d ir.:-.r r.mn ,.
the factory for less money than 7r. 1 .1
can buy engines no better at whcl.: hi Sr.,i
in many cases not nearly so good. in oid -
carloads for spot cash.
Don't Get Fooled
hl, tIh lh htl h,ch r.:e.-1. c h.-.rt-1i, .- ( her v n r,In nor by
till I,- h i~r,- ,. or,1,- na r -, r. 'h, i r riiil mt-n -' i rroi-
i; ., ti. only excuse :,r i n rt or. ( k nr n.i m ,-
fo.r r.-,nt man ti,.i all. -iour.- |rl, b'".r. a .1' itra e, It put
Inem .-.n itre _ctll f,. cwre, .:v irem Ill ir. ior smlr ,liry.
r,,r,, t "ir Oul I O t 1-1- %, ii1 E ,- r ,'i .k, an hkind. re--
gar.ile ;-.i %ho r l- s it or r h t rI ih.%- a A ard er
S1 I abl at-.- iir-i ,, i.OU lobe the judge. Sol inirty
SValuable Engine Book FREE
.)' Srd .,. l dl a for oar 015 lrop, ,llnon rnd valuable en-
in1 10t,.A i IAis riull Of irF, in-,r ation:i p,:br-" and le friirs from
sati.ia di Fi,:,n, r In! l h bth L ab isolut ruin about Galloway
Wm. Galloway, President
S The Wnm. Galloway Company
S 178 Gallowvay Station. Waterloo, Iowa
If you don't advertise, what's the use of living-nobody knows you.
There may be a sterner test of friendship than the dollar, but no one has yet taken out caveat for it.-"MOUHMA
14 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 4-
THE INDIAN RIVER
Vero, Fla. Davenport, la.
A monthly publication devoted to agri-
cultural interest of Florida in general
and the Indian River country in par-
Subscription Price... .$1.00 Per Year
Sample Copies on Request.
Advertising Rates on Request.
The Editors will be pleased to re-
ceive contributions of interest on any
subject pertaining to agriculture in
Florida. Questions of subscribers or
readers, if of general interest, will be
answered in these columns.
Address all communications to Ed-
itors, Indian River Farmer, Daven-
All of the articles from other publi-
cations and sources other than our
own staff will be reproduced In full
or in part as current news matter only,
and without any attempt at official
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER has
a circulation of about 12,000 copies. It
is placed in the homes of: those who
have already decided to move to
Florida. Advertising rates furnished
upon application Indian River Farmer,
FALL TIME IN FLORIDA.
Fall time in Florida-Pass the merry
Fall time in Florida, hear the jolly au-
Soon the golden oranges a-shining in a
To the chilly Northland in carload lots
Oh, the sweethearts all are happy as
they start the highland fling-
Oh, it's fall time in Florida-so let us
Fall time in Florida-see the leaves of
red and gold,
And the yellow autumn sunshine kisses
cheeks in manner bold.
Oh, the roses nod a greeting and the
blue is in the sky
And my ,sweetheart's lips are rosy and
a sparkle's in her eye.
When the morns are getting cooler,
oh, it fills my heart with cheer,
For fall time in Florida's the gladdest
time o' year.
New Artesian Well -on Demonstration
Farm in Indian River Farms
POWERFUL CAR FERRY BOAT
(Continued from page 3)
by electricity and winches for han-
Two deep tanks for carrying molas-
ses are also provided, with necessary
pumping apparatus for handling this
cargo. Certain portions of the vessel
are fitted with double bottom for feed
water, with large ballast tanks in case
the vessel is running light.
In addition to the purely commercial
aspect of the vessel, attention has been
paid to the possibility of fitting it out
as a gunboat and transport in case of
war, there being ample arrangements
to mount rapid fire guns of 5-inch cali-
ber and smaller battery as may be re-
Valuable as Transport.
As a transport this boat would be a
most valuable acquisition to the gov-
ernment, as in an emergency it could
carry a force of 2,500 to 3,500 men, a
very valuable consideration in case of
war. Originally this vessel was
planned to carry thirty-six loaded
cars and when its capacity was limited
to thirty the original specifications as
to strength, etc., were still carried out,
making it exceptional in its class and
the most powerful car ferryboat in the
world. Its construction has been
watched with the keenest interest by
railroad and steamship men and the
Florida East Coast people, confident of
its undoubted success, believe it will
be the nucleus of a fleet of boats on
her route and greatly increase the
amount of freight carried to and from
the island of Cuba.
The officials of the Florida East
Coast railway in their desire to honor
the memory of the genius who created
that line have wisely named this boat
the Henry M. Flagler, just as after his
death they called the road he had built
the Flagler System, which in his mod-
esty he would never permit while he
Facing One's Work
VACATIONS are over for most men and women and work has begun
again or will soon begin in home and school, in college, office and
workshop. The rest and change so essential to the highest and freest
putting forth of individual energy and skill ought to be the prelude of a
new and nobler chapter in the active life of all who read these words.
It is of the first importance to keep the feeling for work and-the interest
in it fresh and keen; when interest declines and joy goes out of the doing
of work, efficiency inevitably sinks to a lower level. To do the best work
a man must be at his highest level of courage, energy, insight, faith;
these are the qualities whence inspiration flows, and when they fade the
vitality and individuality of what a man does with his brain or his hand
are lowered as the heat is diminished by the sinking of the fire which pro-
duces it. To keep work fresh and individual a man must put his soul into
it, saturate it with ideas, fertilize it by his imagination, keep it in closest
relation with the life of his spirit. When work is detached from char-
acter and becomes simply an external activity, it drops to the level of
mechanical execution and becomes a matter of routine instead of an
outflowing of life; it loses its spiritual quality and becomes mere drudgery.
The First House Ever Built in the Big
Slough Is Now Ready for Occupancy
The Indian River Groves Company, whose lands are located in Section 31,
Township 32, Indian River Farms, has just completed the first house on their
property, which is located right in the heart of what has been known for years
innumerable as the Big Slough. The Indian River Farms Company's ditch de-
velopment system has now extended and includes these lands in its drainage
area and they are now ready for setting to grove or for general farm purposes.
The plans of the Indian River Groves Company includes the fencing of
this tract into five-acre tracts, using sawed fence posts, which are to be painted
white. There will be a house on every five-acre tract in this entire acreage,
which the Indian River Groves Company is developing to fruit. The Indian
River Groves Company is at the present time engaged in the construction of
farm ditches to connect with the sub-lateral ditches of the main system of the 4
Indian River Farms Company. It is expected that the setting of trees will
begin next month.
Vero, Fla., Sept. 18, 1914.
Indian River Farms Co.,
Gentlemen: Some days ago I re-
ceived a very nice letter from Mr. Hill,
asking for information from this "Neck
of the woods." To tell you the truth
I have been so busy I have not been
off my place but once in a month-
but I do know that things have been
humming here-ditching done the
whole length of the farm, the land all
cleared ready for the plow but a half
acre, fence posts got and set ready
for the wire, 3% acres plowed and
disked, %-acre planted to potatoes
(Irish), and the same to sweet, and
18 sorts of garden truck planted-
not so bad, do you think, considering
that I have been here not a month on
the land? My little house is good and
tight and we-that is-wife and I are
getting stronger all the time; she has
gained 14 pounds since coming. I
have lost from 199 to 185, but it has
all been from around the waist. I
never felt better in my life, and when
you consider that I have done nearly
all this work alone and was soft as
jelly when I came, it speaks well for
this climate, which is about perfect.
We need the ditch and need better
roads up here, but I suppose they will
be up here in a short time. All in all,
I am much pleased with the outlook
and I think I can give a good account
of myself at marketing time.
There are a number of my friends
coming down soon. Yours very truly,
(Signed) H. N. Gray.
Muck Lands Near Vero
No other name
To Burbank's fame
Could ever hold a candle,
If that wise gent
Would but invent
A melon with a handle.
His fame we'd write
In letters bright,
Our praise we'd always render,
If he would scheme
To fill our dream
With chicken always tender.
HUNTING SEASON BEGINS NOV. 20. '
Licenses are required for all hunt-
ing in the State of Florida, and licenses.
only give the right to hunt from No-
vember 20 to February 20, inclusive.
To hunt in the county in which the
license is issued, the state requires a
fee of $1; to hunt in as many counties
as one likes, a state license is pro-
vided, at cost to the hunter of $3; and
for non-ry~ident hunters a $15 license
is require d.
The game birds, designated by the
act of 1913, as swans, geese, brant, 1
and river and sea ducks; rail, coots,.
mud hens, and gallinulas; shore birds,
plovers, surf birds, snipe, woodcock,
sandpipers, tattlers and curlews; wild
turkey, grouse, pheasants and quails.
and turtle doves. \
The open season on wild turkey gob-
blers, quail, turtle doves, swans, geese,
brant ducks, rails, coots, mud hens,
sandpipers, curlews, snipe and plover
from November 20 to February 20.
Ruffled grouse or pheasant, Monog-
noes, Chinese or English pheasants
and all imported game birds are pro-
tected up to December 1, 1915, and
thereafter a thirty-day open season on
pheasants is established from Novem-
ber 20 to December 20.
Sndps, snares, deadfalls, baiting and
poisoning of game birds, night hunt-
ing and hunting on Sunday is prohib-
ited by state laws.
The open season to hunt deer is
the same as that for quail, from No-
vember 20 to February 20. The use
of artificial lights in deer hunting is
also prohibited. The squirrel season
is from November 20 to February 20.
The quantity of game is limited by '
law, to one deer to a person, two tur-
keys, twenty quail or twenty-five birds
of any other species in one day, and to
three buck deer, five turkey gobblers
or five hundred of any other game
bird species during the open season.
The sale of game is prohibited, as is
hunting without a license, or shipping
the game from place to place within "
the state or to a point out of the state.
State laws protect the robin, pro-
hibit the use of firearms on Sunday,
prohibit the killing or capture of a
sea cow or manatee, except with a
permit from the county commission-
ers, and then only for scientific pur-
poses, prohibits the catching of beav-
ers, except from November 1 to Febru- r
(Continued on page 17.)
trucking, livestock and poultry rais-
ing and fruit growing are all im-
mensely profitable in Florida. To
know about Florida send today for
a free sample copy of the Florida
Farmer and Homeseeker or 10 cents
for three months' trial subscription.
Florida Farmer and Homeseeker
Drawer 22 St. Augustine, Fla.
An advertisement in The Farmer will bring you results and lots of them.
In this year of our Lord, 1914, anybody can write his own price ticket and only a better man than himself can
alter the figures.- Herbert Kaufman I
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 15
BUMPER GRAPEFRUIT YIELD EX-
PECTED IN THIS COUNTY.
Judging by reports coming from
every part of the county it is apparent
that this season's grapefruit yield will
,easily surpass all past records for St.
Lucie county. The trees are literally
loaded down with large, healthy fruit,
which should begin to move to market
within the next three or four weeks.
Most of the groves in this section
are comparatively young, very few be-
ing over ten years old, and as a result
they are just now coming into their
own, while the first shipments will be
made this season from quite a num-
ber. The trees are apparently free
from all diseases and in excellent con-
Sdition in every respect.
Writing in the Country Gentleman
of Sept. 12 on "How the War Affects
the Farmer," Roger W. Babson, lead-
ing authority on business conditions in
k the United States, describes the prob-
able influence of the European conflict
upon the Florida citrus industry as
"The present time is a golden oppor-
tunity for growers of citrus fruits,
such as oranges, lemons and grape-
fruit, particularly the first two men-
tioned. A few years ago it was
0 thought that the best oranges and lem-
ons came from the Mediterranean
countries, but the concerted and coop-
erative efforts of the growers of citrus
fruits have largely driven that, idea
out of the heads of the American. pub-
lic, although a large quantity of for-
eign lemons are still used in this coun-
try. To drive the foreigner entirely
from the American market all that is
needed now is to produce in this coun-
try oranges and lemons in sufficient
quantities to meet consumption de-
Although bumper yields are expect-
ed from all parts of the state-9,000,-
000 crates being the estimate-it is the
general opinion that the market will
not be "slumped," but that good de-
mand and prices will prevail for Flor-
ida fruit. The Florida Citrus Ex-
change is spending twice the money
k ever spent before in advertising Flor-
ida citrus fruits, and this will no doubt
serve to increase the demand for them.
This state is located much nearer the
large consuming sections of the United
States than any other place where cit-
rus fruit can be produced, and the
popularity of our products is growing
at a rapid and encouraging rate.-St.
Lucie County Tribune.
FLORIDA IS PREMIER STATE IN GREAT WINTER
GARDEN OF THE SOUTH, WEATHER REPORT SHOWS
Map of Southeastern States Showing Length of Growing Season
Seaboard Air Line Issues Unique Map
Showing How Many Growing Days There Are in Differ- by this striking illustration of what
the department of agriculture has told
ent Parts of the Country Compared With Florida in bare words, is resulting in con-
Northern Florida has 100 more grow- it is not growing green and flourishing vincing many of the doubting Thom-
ing days for crops than has the great crops of various kinds. cases of other states that here is the
trucking region of the eastern shore of The winter garden of the South is place to grow crops, and grow them
Virginia. and the south central part in reality Florida, and the Seaboard, all the year.-Times-Union.
of the state has forty-eight more grow-
ing days than has the area around
These figures are from the reports
of the United States department of
agriculture and speak strongly for
what the department calls: "The
great winter garden of the South."
The Seaboard Air Line Railway
Company, through its industrial de-
partment, has taken advantage of these
figures to make an optical showing of
its territory that is both striking and
J. A. Pride, general industrial agent,
has had prepared a map of the six
states through which the road runs,
from Virginia to Florida and Alabama,
and across this map, in heavy lines,
is indicated the average growing sea-
son for every section from Virginia to
Coming down the coast, where most
of the truck raising is done in all the
states above Florida, one finds that off
the eastern shore of Virginia the aver-
age growing season is 200 days; Nor-
folk has 230; eastern North Carolina,
to Georgetown, S. C., 250 days; Char-
leston 260; Brunswick, Ga., 270 days;
Fernandina, Fla., 290, and Jackson-
The growing season lengthens as
one goes down the state of Florida
irrespective of coast or interior posi-
tion, and so rapidly, that by the time
the northern rim of Lake Okeechobee
is reached there is an average of 348
growing days in the year.
Florida, therefore, is shown official-
ly by the government to be capable of
growing something of value every day
of the year with the exception of less
than a month; and in reality the south-
ern part of the state knows no period
during the 365 days of the year when
Citrus Culture Vedetables
Melons and Cucumbers
Irish Potatoes Strawberries
Sent on request
WILSON & TOOMER FERTILIZER CO.
Manufacturers of IDEAL FERTILIZERS JACKSONVILLE. FLA.
I always like a pig.
His appetite is big,
But he isn't like the chicken with its
dig, dig, dig;
p-And he isn't like some men
Who are only happy when
They have grabbed the choicest mor-
sel in the other fellow's pen.
A pig's not overneat,
And his food's not always sweet;
And his highest aspiration is to
eat, eat, eat.
.'He's the synonym for greed,
But, unlike the human breed,
He doesn't keep on piling up a lot he
Now a hen will scratch around
Over forty leagues of ground,
And holler: "Come and look at what
I've found, found, found."
And a man is much the same,
With his thirst for empty fame;
But a pig just fills his stomach, caring
naught for praise or blame.
Making an imposing front,
Is the human's favorite stunt;
While a pig dismisses pretense with a
grunt, grunt, grunt.
No, his figure isn't trig;
His mentality's not big;
And he's apt to be untidy. Still I al-
ways like a pig.
- -- --- -
Fort Pierce, Fla., Jan. 30, 1914.
Mr. New Settler, Vero, Fla.
Dear Sir:-We have lived in this State for
the past thirty years and can advise you intelligently
about the line we carry and the adaptability to this
country's needs. Hardware, Furniture,- Farming
Implements, Studebaker Wagons and Buggies.
Dynamite in stock.
Write, or better still, call and see us.
The Farmer goes to people you do 't know and who won't know you if you don't advertise.
There is no failure of life so terrible as to have the pain without the lesson, the sorrow without the softening.- LAs C
16 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
A Colony of the Amish and Dunkard
Faith to Be Established in
Indian River Farms
A number of queries are coming to the Indian River Farms Company's Vero
office from people of the Amish and Dunkard faith, who desire to locate in this
particular section of Florida. In practically every query they want to know
whether or not there are any Dunkards in the vicinity of Vero. Wabasso, just
a few miles north of Vero, on the north edge of the Indian River Farms Com-
pany's tract is a Dunkard settlement. Some of the finest groves in this section
are located there. Mr. E. E. Smith is one of the prominent Dunkards at
Wabasso and is a very successful grower.
Unto Whom Much Has Been Given
Across the fertile fields of our blessed land, where in peace and sunshine
we. are harvesting abundant crops, no armies march, sweeping them, as in
Europe, with a "besom of destruction"; no reign of terror spreads through
country, town and city of advancing hosts with their awful carnage; no fields
are covered with the dead and the dying; no agonizing cries of the wounded
often alone and unattended are heard; no rivers are choked with the bodies of
the dead too many to be numbered; no streams run red with human blood;
no farms are devastated and no vampires with their hell-born bombs fly by
night bringing to mankind a hitherto unknown terror.
Here peace holds sway.
Against the blood-red soil of Europe we contrast the snow-white fields
of millions of acres in cotton; against the ungathered crops and the fields
swept bare of horses to move the armies and of cattle to feed them, where
old men and women bowed with sorrows seek to do the work of loved ones
who have been called to the stupendous struggle of slaughter, we look out at
the wide reaching grain fields with their splendid yields, at the cattle upon a
thousand hills, at orchards and vineyards and groves yielding in abundance,
and upon towns and cities whose inhabitants work in comfort and sleep in
peace. Instead of the bitter, relentless hatred of the nations of Europe as they
grapple at each other's throats, we have the fullness of peace at home and we
see all the nations of the earth viewing with each other to secure our goodwill
and to win our friendship.
Earth has never afforded a contrast so striking on a scale so stupendous
between Europe's conditions of suffering and sorrow beyond any human mind
to comprehend or any human pen to picture and that of America flowing with
"the milk and honey" of peace, of freedom from war's alarms and of abundant
And yet we fret and fume at the petty business troubles of the hour.
"Unto whom much has been given of him shall much be required."
Where Orange Blossoms Grow.
A gray-haired couple sit along
Up in the Frozen North.
The father bad with "rheumatis"
And mother with a cough.
Why can't their days be longer
Away from ice and snow?
Come, bring them now to Vero
Where orange blossoms grow.
A widow and her only son
Sit in a chilly blast,
Their income small but plenty
Will soon be going fast.
He reads a sample paper
Says, "Mother, we must go
Down on Indian River Farms
Where orange blossoms grow."
A mother sits beside a cot
Of an invalid child.
Her cheeks are flushed in fever,
Her eyes are bright and wild;
"Oh, mamma dear, a letter?"
"Yes, news, my darling Zoe,
We're going to St. Lucie
Where orange blossoms grow.
Down in this free, wild country,
Where birds are singing gay,
Where fruits and flowers mingle,
There's happiness today.
Health and wealth a-plenty,
In every breeze that blows.
Come, join the crowd that's going,
Where orange blossoms grow.
-Mrs. Mabelle Travis.
The Florida Grower
For truckers and fruit growers. For folks who
want to know about Florida. Weekly, $1.50 per
year; monthly, 50c. Send Joc for a 2 months
trial subscription. Snappy, bright and clean.
THE FLORIDA GROWER
306% CASS STREET TAMPA, FLA.
UNDER THE SHADED LAMP.
"Mary," said Jack, pushing back
some papers he had been busy mark-
ing on, "How much longer do you sup-
pose I can work?"
"Why, Jack!" Mary exclaimed, paus-
ing with her needle high above her
sewing. "What's the matter?-I have
been telling you to take a vacation."
"Vacation, fiddlesticks; I don't want
a vacation. I want to know just how
much longer I can work."
"I don't quite see what you mean,
Jack. Are you tired of working?"
"Well," said Jack with a grin, "I
never did care much about this work
business, but I rather like to eat; but,
seriously now, Mary, this is what I
am driving at: Here I am twenty-eight
years old and as the days go on, I cer-
tainly shall not grow any younger.
Barring sickness there are just so
many years I will be able to work.
In these modern days, I may get run
over by an auto, injured in a subway
wreck or smashed by a trunk from an
airship; maybe I can collect damages
and maybe, I can't-it's safer to bet I
can't. But barring all that, how much
longer do you think I can work and
what will I have laid up against the
rainy day when I can't work?
"Each month I am putting $15 or
$20 in the savings bank, which draws
4 per cent interest; in ten years, I
will have $1,500 or $2,000 plus the
interest, if I don't get extravagant and
blow part of the year's savings for
Christmas presents. At the end of
twenty years, I will have say about
$4,000 if I keep up my present habit
of saving. $4,000 at 4 per cent gives
me $160 a year; that won't pay house
rent and if we didn't pay house rent,
we couldn't live on that. If I save for
twenty years longer (provided I can
work that long), making forty years
to work and save, I wouldn't have
enough to live on without drawing con-
tinually on the principal and when I
draw on the principal, there is the
danger that I may last longer than
the money which makes a sad finish
for me." .
"We can buy our own home here,
paying for it just like rent and then
save the other money to buy a couple
more houses," suggested Mary.
"All right. Suppose we buy this
house; the price is $4,000 and interest
on the deferred payments. We pay
$500 down and $25 a month; it takes
us twelve years to pay for the house
and in the meantime we pay for the
repairs, painting, plastering, roofing,
plumber's bill, interest on payments,
insurance and taxes. Now, when we
have paid for all these things, we
haven't much left to save. I may
make more money-if I do, we will
probably spend more, so that about all
we can figure on saving is what we
are saving now, if that. So in the 12
years we are paying for this house,
we are saving $2,000. We can't buy
much of a house for that and suppose
we should buy a house, we have the
up keep of that house, the insurance
and taxes; we have to repair all the
damage done by one tenant before we
can get another and the house may
stand vacant part of the year; we
may just make expenses out of that
"Some people make money on rent-
ing houses," said Mary.
"Yes, the agents who get a commis-
sion on collecting the rent," answered
"Old man Brown"-began Mary.
"Old man Brown," said Jack, "has a
dozen houses and he doesn't care who
he rents them to nor what state of re-
pair they are in. If we could have a
dozen houses, we could make money
enough to live on but we would have
to save for a hundred years to get a
dozen houses and then we wouldn't
"Well, the way you have it figured
out," remarked Mary sarcastically,
"We had better follow Dr. Osler's ad-
vice when we get that age."
"Is that so," said Jack with a smile,"
"you being five years younger than I
am could collect my insurance and live
happy ever after, eh; nice for you and
doesn't hurt me?"
."Well, what's on your mind, you are
not talking all this just to end by or-
dering the crape put on the front
door, are you?" asked Mary.
"No, I am not," Jack said, "I am
going to buy a farm."
"We are going to buy a farm,"
amended Jack hastily.
"What are you going to do with a
"Well, the first thing I will do is to
get it paid for. That will probably
take five years, say; then we will save
for house, barns, implements, etc. In
ten years, we will go on the farm; we
will have money enough to go on in
good shape. The very first year we
can make a living and something be-
sides maybe. The next year, when I
know more about farming, we will be-
gin making money, but all the time,
Mary, we have a living and a good
living, fresh vegetables, plenty of milk,
we can be out in the open air. In ten
years, we can have that and I know
I can work ten years longer here, bar-
ring accidents of course. Twenty years,
I may not be able to work and if I
should, as I said a while ago, at the
end of forty years, we wouldn't have
enough to live on without drawing on
the principal all the time. On the
farm, the principal is safe. The
change of work and climate will do
us both good."
"Change of climate?" asked Mary,
somewhat surprised, "where are we
going to buy the farm."
"Oh, indeed, going to buy it by the
quart?" asked Mary.
"No, I am not," said Jack quite
Artesian Well in Pocahontas Park,
Fate doesn't intrude very much
in the affairs of folks who really
face the facts of life!
P. A. McMILLAN & SON
EXPERT WELL DRILLERS
Three Machines in [Operation
EAU GALLIE & VERO FLORIDA
firmly. "All some Florida lands need
is a good drainage system and when
that is put in, it is up to the man and
being the man in this case, I am going
to make good."
"How will you know whether the
drainage is any good and how are you
going to know if the land is any good.
even if the drainage is.
"Well, I guess I have sufficient in-
telligence to know from investigation
whether the drainage system looks as
if it would do the work and some of
the best agricultural experts in the
United States have reported as to the
fertility in Indian River Farms. Lee
Latrobe Bateman went down to in-
spect the land of a fellow who bought
without looking and wanted to be sure
the land was all right. You can read..
Mr. Bateman's report for yourself, and
I guess Indian River Farms are all
right when one of the best grapefruit
groves in Florida is right in the center
"Well," said Mary, folding up her
sewing, "all that listens good, but are
you sure you can make a living on a
"Absolutely. There are men there
now who went there without a dollar
and are now independent; I don't pro-
pose to go down handicapped like that
and I simply can't fail. I will have
money enough before I go to put up
the buildings, fence the place, plow
and have some money left after the
crop is put in. Why, Mary, on one
acre of that land I can raise and fatten
for market five head of cattle; pork
can be raised in that country at a cost
of 2 cents a pound; I can raise straw-
berries and put them on the market
at Christmas time, fry chickens, too.
One of the biggest chicken companies
in America has a place in Florida. I
can-but what's the use of talking,
Mary, you can get our summer duds
ready, for we are going to Vero on the
17th of November."
Whether you want a wife or a new hat you have to let it be known or you don't get anywhere.
Advertising is like a trip to Europe. The second day out you'd go back if you could, but by the time you |
reach Liverpool you are glad you came
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 17
500 Homeseekers in Two Days Come
Via Southern Ry.
Royal Palm Running in Two Sections-Extra Coaches on Each
Approximately 500 Western and
Northwestern homeseekers have ar-
. rived in Florida, to be nearer accurate
493, the majority reaching here yester-
day and the others to arrive .today.
These all arrived on trains of the
Southern railway; from the Western
gateways, being brought in on fourteen
extra cars attached to the Royal Palm,
which was run in two sections yester-
day, and will arrive in two sections
In addition to these homeseekers, the
passenger travel frbo the West and
Northwest was so hea:,' (bhat the Royal
ROUND TRIP HOMESEEKERS'
RATES TO VERO, FLORIDA.
Excursions First and Third Tuesdays
Los Angeles, via New Qilean-..$77.60
Los Angeles, via Kan 1 Cit:..: 80.30
Denver ...... . ...... ... . 74.20
New Haven ................... 42.60
Gary .... ......... . . .........
Lafayette .................. . .
Logansport ................. . .
P eru ...................... . .
Fort W ayne ................ . .
M uncie .................... . .
Indianapolis ................ . .
Terre Haute ................. .
Chicago . . . . . . . . . . . .
Joliet . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Kankakee .................. . .
Decatur ........ ............ . . .
P eoria ..................... . .
Danville ................... . .
Council Bluffs .................
Davenport .................. . .
Des M oines ................ . .
K eokuk ........................
Topeka ........................ 48.28
New Orleans .................. 44.80
Boston via New York........... 49.50
Baltimore .. ... ...... ... 33.50
Detroit ........................ 40.30
Grand Rapids .................. 41.70
Kalamazoo ................ ... 39.80
Lansing .................. . ... 41.05
Saginaw .................. . ... 42.60
Minneapolis .......... . .... ... 58.40
St. Paul .................. . ... 58.40
Palm is being operated in two sections
to accommodate the traffic. Both sec-
tions of the train yesterday were
crowded with people coming to Florida,
many of them for the purpose of re-
maining until spring.
From every source comes informa-
tion of heavy travel. Knoxville de-
clares Florida will. have its greatest
year; Chicago sends word that the
travel through that gateway will be the
heaviest known, while from St. Louis
.comes every indication of a bounteous
harvest of tourists.-Florida Times-
Kansas City .............. . ... 45.15
St. Joseph . .... .......... ... 47.36
St. Louis ...................... 34.15
Falls City ..................... 49.35
Nebraska City ................ 51.45
Om aha ...................... 53.15
NeW York City ................ 40.80
Akron ......................... 39.60
Bowling Green .............. . 37.30
Bucyrus ................. . 36.20
Cincinnati .................... 29.80
Cleveland ..................... 40.30
Colum bus ...................... 34.30
Dayton ........................ 32.00
Findlay ....................... 36.30
Gallipolis ...................... 36.40
Lim a .......................... 35.10
Orville ....................... 38.70
Toledo ........................ 37.90
Van W ert .................... 33.60
Philadelphia ............... . 35.60
Pittsburgh, via Washington, D. C. 45.50
Pittsburgh, via Cincinnati ...... 42.70
Chattanooga .............. . ... 34.05
Cleveland ................ . ... 32.50
Pikeville ...................... 38.35
M adison ................... . .
M ilwaukee ................. . .
R acine .................... . .
LaCrosse ................... . .
It's Summer-time in the Winter-
time, and nice all the time at Vero,
HUNTING SEASON BEGINS NOV. 20.
( Continued from page 14.)
ary 1; prohibits the killing, capturing
or molesting of the loggerhead and
green turtles during the period from
May 1 to September 1.-St. Lucie
Opening of the Panama Canal Land
It was appropriate that the first ves-
sel to pass through the Panama canal
to officially open it to the world's com-
merce was a Southern-built ship, for
the Panama canal will fulfill Mathew
F. Maury's prediction, made more
than half a century ago, to the effect
that an Isthmian canal would concen-
trate the world's commerce in the
Gulf of Mexico. But the Panama canal
is today infinitely broader than its re-
lation to the South and to its tremen-
dous influence for the advancement of
the South. This canal, the mightiest
material achievement ever wrought by
man, has been opened to the world's
trade at the most crucial period in the
world's history. Never before on the
pages of recorded history was it pos-
sible to write such a story as that
which is now being written by sword
and saber, by aeroplane and battleships,
in the blood of millions of men. From
this awful tragedy as it is being played
on the battlefields of Europe and wher-
ever the enemies' ships are meeting
the world has recoiled as though the
very gates of hell had been opened
and we had been permitted to look
into an inferno more awful than Dante
ever painted. But, standing out as a
Colossus far removed from this mighty
battlefield, the United States has been
called upon by the course of events to
show to the world that the victories
of trade are better than the victories
of the battlefield; that commerce and
industry upbuild individuals and na-
tions; that they are the bread of life
on which must be founded the develop-
ment of education and ethics. At this
crucial hour in the world's history,
when the world faces a condition
which mankind has never before seen;
at this hour, when millions of men are
destroying what tens of millions have
for generations sought to create in
wealth, in addition to the fearful de-
struction of life, the Panama canal
cones into play in world activities as
the gift of this nation to world com-
merce. It will crystallize and central-
ize the thought of all mankind outside
of the battlefields of Europe upon the
closeness of that relation which should
exist and which is destined to exist
between the countries of North and
About twenty years ago the Manu-
facturers Record sent a correspond-
ent through Central and South Amer-
ica, whose writing in regard to the
potentialities and the development al-
ready under way of those countries
commanded the widest attention. From
1896 to 1907 this country was so busy
trying to take care of the insatiable
demand at home for the product of
its factories that it could give compar-
atively little attention to the develop-
ment of its foreign trade, and espe-
cially to carving out new lines of
trade in Central and South America.
Since the panic of 1907 our people
have been too busy trying to protect
their interests and to find a home mar-
ket for their products- to be able to
find time or the capital needed to en-
ter upon a broad campaign for the de-
velopment of an export trade with
Central and South America. Euro-
pean conditions, however, have driven
us to a quick realization of the situa-
tion, and the opening of the Panama
canal crystallizes tne thought of the
nation, as of other nations, upon the
almost limitless potentialities of trade
between the countries south of us
with this country.
With the return of peace in Mexico,
which may be hoped for, there will be
a wonderful revival in the business
activities of that most marvelously en-
dowed land. The opening of the Pan-
ama canal will start new activities in
the development of Central America,
of Brazil and Chili and the Argentine.
Cut off from their accustomed trade
with Europe, these countries are al-
ready looking to the United States as
a market in which to sell the bulk
of their products and a market in
which to buy the things for which
they have heretofore looked to Eu-
rope. It is fortunate, too, that at
this time our financial system has
been put into better shape. A new
currency law makes possible the ex-
pansion of our financial forces at home
and the strengthening of our financial
situation in South America and else-
If we would adequately understand
the present situation, we must have an
adequate understanding of the amaz-
ing size and resources of the coun-
tries south of it. We are apt to for-
get that Brazil alone is larger than the
United States, and that it is a coun-
try wonderfully endowed with min-
eral and timber and agricultural capa-
bilities. We are apt to forget that
Buenos Aires, a city of 1,750,000 peo-
ple, is one of the most rapidly grow-
ing cities in the world, that in a good
many things it ranks foremost in the
world, and that the Argentine is a
country whose people, numbering less
than one-quarter the population of the
South, have made their country one
of the most prosperous and most pro-
ductive on. earth. If we would com-
prehend the Central and South Amer-
ican situation, we must recognize that
the countries south of us are richly
endowed by nature, and that their peo-
ple have demonstrated by the vast
industries and the wealth which they
have created that they are worthy
business friends and worthy business
competitors whose abilities are a pret-
ty good match, judging by what has
been achieved, of the best business
abilities of this country.
And while thinking of the Panama
canal and its influence on trade in
Central and South America we must
not forget its influence on the devel-
opment of the Pacific coast of the
United States and Canada, nor should
we forget that Canada, with an area
equal to that of the United States,
cut off from a large part of the trade
which it has had with continental
Europe, must turn to the United States
for many manufactured products
which we are able to supply.
As the great business leaders of the
country broaden their horizon and
step out into world markets, the Influ-
ence of this will be to stimulate home
consumption, necessitating increased
home production. We are entering
upon a period fraught with tremen-
dous possibilities. We are living in a
time "when to live is sublime," even
though the poet when he voiced that
thought never imagined that we should
have to look with horror upon such
an awful scene of wreck and ruin as
that throughout Europe.-Manufactur-
ers Record, Aug. 20, 1914.
F R A LE 25 ft. Lead Pile Driver, built of best
SSA LEheart pine. Equipped with Lidgerwood
10 H.P. Single Cylinder, single drum
and Gipsy Head Hoisting Engine, with 1600 pound drop hammer. Full set of
skids and rollers. MrT,
INDIAN RIVER FARMS COMPANY
Are Made for Florida Soil,
and Always Produce Results.
WRITE FOR BOOKLET.
INDEPENDENT FERTILIZER CO.
There's a lot of things you can do, but one thing you ought to do is advertise.
A cynic is a man who knows the price of everything and the value of nothing.-Wilde
/18 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
This Winter Promises to Be Florida's AMERICA'S RESOURCES.
S t TG America is the richest and most re-
Greatest ourist Season sourceful nation on earth and while
All over Florida preparations are being made for the biggest tourist season the war in Europe is not going to ben-
the state has ever had. The East Coast, especially, is making ready for an efit us, we produce so much and of
unprecedented number of visitors and every town and hotel that makes the i such vast variety that we can't starve
slightest pretense of catering to the winter travelers is being gotten in shape nor even go hungry. Europe will cease
for a record breaking season. to be our customer for the time being,
These expectations are based on two reasons. The European war will but our own home market is the big-
keep thousands of people in the United States this winter. Instead of enjoying gest and best in the world and what
themselves in the balmy climate of Southern Europe many of them will come we don't consume at home is a sur-
to sunny Florida to escape the rigors of the northern winter. '. plus increasing in value every day. A
The other condition that is expected to work to the advantage of Florida few months hence when the intoler-
during the coming winter is the business depression throughout the north. able burden of the war has compelled
More and more are people turning their attention to the south and to Florida the nations to cease fighting, the cot-
in particular, as the place that affords them the best opportunities of becoming
independent of business conditions. Florida is pre-eminently an agricultural ton and wheat and lumber and phos-
state and the demand for the products of its groves and farms is bound to phates and other products we haven't
increase with the population of the country. Along with the throngs of pleas- sold will bring largely increased
ure-seekers will come thousands with the serious intention of seeking a new prices. Th&e unmarketed cotton dur-
home in this land of promise. ing the ciril war brought 50 cents and
Vero, the headquarters of the Indian River Farms company's big develop- more a pound after hostilities had enid-
ment work is certain to profit from the expected Florida invasion. Situated ed, and for the same reason our un-
on the main line of East Coast travel, only 75 miles north of Palm Beach, the marketed products-which are not per-
most famous winter resort in the world, it has a climate and natural advantages ishable, will bring sky-high prices
that cannot fail to attract attention. Some Cabbage Palms on Muck Lands when the Europe is over And
To the person in search of land Vero offers as much as any place in No man ever ot nervous prostra- modern wa on'tlast long. A year
Florida. This is true whether the landseeker wishes to engage in the growing tion pushing his business; you get at most is )%ty sure to see Europe
of citrus fruits, vegetables, live stock or general farming or all of them. Here it only when the business pushes at peace agabi-sDsibly six months.
(Continued on page 19) you -Lakeland'legra X.
NEW SHIP LINES WILL BE GREAT
HELP TO STATE.
(By R. S. Carver.)
One of the best boosts that can be
given Florida is, without doubt, to as-
sure her of the best shipping facil-
ities to the best markets of the world,
and at reasonable rates.
To improve the waterways of the
State, to enlarge and broaden her har-
bors, and to make the drainage canals
through the Everglades big enough
for boats, are ways and means to ac-
complish much at small expense. The
drainage project in itself should pro-
vide not only the necessary drainage
to reclaim what is now waste land,
but it should also be made to be util-
ized in highways of commerce, so that
everything that is handled in that sec-
tion, when the country becomes pro-
ductive and prosperous, may be sent
to the seashore or nearer markets, by
boat, unless there are railroad lines to
handle it at a competitive rate as com-
pared with water rates.
But all the internal improvements,
all the harbor improvements and all
the work that can be done along that
line, important as it is, is not as impor-
tant as getting more people to. the
State to develop our resources.
If Florida were a State where gold
or other precious metals had been dis-
covered, the people would be flocking
to it in great streams. Yet Florida
has more than any gold state in the
Union. In gold fields the people who
rush in and try for gold discovery are
a large percentage of them ruined in
the effort. Less than two per cent of
the people who flock to gold fields get
rich, and less than five per cent of
them prosper. Of the people who come
to Florida there is less than five per
cent who do not prosper. In this land
of sunshine and opportunity every
man with a family may prosper and
many of them will grow rich.
Ocklawaha Nurseries have the
finest strain of Pineapple Orange
trees, warranted to produce
strictly fancy fruit.
Write for catalog
Then away with Longing, and ho!
And ho! for Love-each one for
For a life of Labor and Study and
Is the Life that fits for the Joy
Buckeye Trees in Greater Demand than Ever Before
Place Your Order Now to Make Sure It Can Be Filled
BUCKEYE NURSERIES are having a much greater summer inquiry for trees
than ever has been the case. Orders for something like two hundred thousand
orange and grapefruit trees have been booked already. Notwithstanding the
much greater quantity of trees the Buckeye Nurseries will be able to supply this
season than in any preceding one, every indication at this time points to an
excess of demand over supply. Growers who wish to be sure that they can ob-
tain Buckeye trees at planting time will do well to take the precaution of booking
their orders now, as in this way all possibility of disappointment can be avoided.
Why Buckeye Trees Are So Popular
For thirty-odd years Buckeye Nurseries
have been propagating and growing citrus
fruit trees. In all this time trees of quality
have been the end sought in their efforts.
Never have they permitted sacrifice of
strength and vigor for the sake of economy or
to save work. Throughout the State groves in
bearing which were planted with Buckeye
trees bear ample testimony to this vigor and
dependability. It is on the trees sent out in
the past that has been built the reputation
which now culminates in a demand beyond
our capacity to supply. We will send out
only trees grown to the same standards.
Why Only Limited Number Are Grown
Every one of the many hundreds of thou-
sands of trees now growing in Buckeye Nur-
series has been cared for as carefully and
painstaking as when we were producing less
than one-tenth of the present number. It is a
cardinal principle with us that there shall be
no slightest deviation from the methods
proved by long experience to be the best and
that every care will be exercised to maintain
and improve the quality of Buckeye trees. It
is not possible with such standards as these to
grow an unlimited number of trees and every
season the production of Buckeye Nurseries
is restricted accordingly.
The New Buckeye Catalog-Send for free Copy'
This book reflects the principles of the Buckeye Nurseries and the quality of Buckeye trees in
every page. Cleanly printed, beautifully illustrated, written from the standpoint of practical service to
the grower of citrus fruits, the Buckeye Catalog of this year will be generally regarded as the popular
text book of the citrus industry. Because we believe that such a catalog is a part of the service that
we should render the purchasers of Buckeye trees, no expense has been spared in making it complete iln
every respect and helpful to the utmost degree. The book has too much value to be promiscuously dis-
tributed, but any grower of citrus fruits is welcome to a copy, and yours will be mailed on application.
Better write today for it, as the edition is limited and the make-up of the book. is such that when the
present supply is exhausted it will take a good while to get out another edition.
BUCKEYE NURSERIES, 1030 Citizens Bank Bldg., Tampa, Fla.
If you will only advertise, the Farmer ill sell your goods.
For the first time in the history of the world, machinery has made it possible for the world to get into the hands
of the weak.- Gerald Stanley Lee
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 19
( More Artesian Wells Being Put Down
in Indian River Farms
Two well-drilling machines are at work on the Indian River farms,
drilling artesian wells. P. A. McMillan of Eau Gallie, after completing a well
at the demonstration farm, moved to Judge J. E. Andrew's place, and from
there will go to the E. C. Walker farm. This will be Mr. Walker's second
well. It will be put down near the site of the new house, which he intends
to build next year. The Eau Gallie Well Drilling Company had the contract
for a flowing well on W. T. Humiston's place.
THIS WINTER PROMISES TO BE FLORIDA'S GREATEST TOURING
SEASON (Continued from page 18.)
can be found land adapted to any agricultural purpose. Within the confines of
the 44,000-acre tract being developed by the Indian River Farms Company are
growing all the crops that can be produced in south Florida and their num-
ber and variety are such as to surprise any stranger to this part of the state.
In the vicinity willbe found some of the finest citrus groves in the Indian River
section, which means the best in Florida and the best in the world. The
great system of drainage canals and hard surfaced roads will be another revela-
tion, to the visitor and he will be further surprised when he learns that the
4.attractive town. with its sidewalks, good streets and attractive houses has
sprung up in little more, than a year.
Vero has been entertaining northern visitors so long that they are no
longer a novelty nor is the tourist season here confined to the winter months.
Twice a month all summer brought a party of landseekers, who were as much
) surprised and .delighted with the summer climate of the lower East Coast as
are the v inter visitors with the change from the northern cold.
The pleatiure features of a trip to Vero are prominent at any time of the
year and fihinireds of landseeker. from every section of the country bear
pleasant reroll'-.':tions of the days spent there. "You can look without buying,
but don't ii.y wrhout looking." is the motto of the Indian River Farms Com-
pany and every visitor is assured of a hearty welcome and the best entertain-
ment the town affords.
The welcome begins at the Vero depot where automobiles from Sleepy
Eye Lodge meet all trait Guests of the hotel are conveyed from the station
free of charge. At the hotel they are shown to comfortably located and at-
tractivly furnished rooms, with bath rooms at their disposal. The meals at
Sleepe Eye Lodge are admittedly above the average of the smaller southern
hotels. Fresh vegetables from the Indian River Farms are always on the tables
and grapefruit from the neighboring groves are served for breakfast every
morning in the year.
Sightseeing for the landseekers begins the morning after their arrival if
they come at night, or the same day if they arrive on the morning train. A
string of automobiles line up in front of the hotel, the party is disposed in
them and the trip over the Indian River Farms begins. An inspection of the
drainage system with a visit to the outlet canal and the big spillway gives the
visitors an idea of what the company is doing to protect the lands from ex-
cessive water. Next follows a visit to the company's demonstration farm,
where they can see most of the crops that can be grown on the farms. Visits
to some of the improved places and a few of the neighboring groves follows.
E. C. Walker's grove, almost in the center of the Indian River Farms gives the
stranger his first impression of an Indian River Grove and it is one not soon
to be forgotten, especially after he has tasted one of Mr. Walker's superb
oranges. The Walker grove is a revelation, even to those who are familiar
with citrus fruits in other parts of Florida and in California, because of the
quality of its fruit and the thrifty and healthy appearance of the trees.
.Dinner at the hotel follows and the afternoon program usually begins with
a run "down the ridge." The ridge is a strip of high, sandy land, only a few
hundred feet wide, which extends from a short distance above Vero to the
lower edge of St. Lucie county. On it are grown eighty-five per cent of the
pineapples produced in the United States and also on the ridge and within four
miles of Vero, are some of the finest orange and grapefruit groves in Florida.
The Helseth Brothers' groves are usually visited and here can be seen the
results of a few years' work in Florida.coupled with good judgment and a
desire to succeed. Large, attractive houses provided with all the conveniences
and surrounded by flowers, tropical shrubberry and orange trees testify to the
material success that has been achieved by these industrious brothers who
came to Florida with nothing but a willingness to work. Another interesting
grove, because it illustrates what can be done on the very poorest of St. Lucie
county land, is owned by J. J. Roberts. Twelve years ago Mr. Roberts bought
twenty acres on the ridge for a song. Now he values it at $40,000 and reaps
an annual income from his eight acres of citrus fruit sufficient to pay ten per
cent interest on that amount.
Having visited most of the points of interest in the vicinity, the actual
inspection of the land begins. Visitors are encouraged to investigate thor-
oughly and every assistance is given them to that end. The Indian River
Farms Company believes in its land and in its development work to the extent
that it courts investigation instead of seeking to avoid it.
One of the most pleasant features of the entire stay for the northern
visitors comes on Sunday afternoon, which is given up to a trip to the ocean
beach. The excursion is replete with interest and enjoyment for all new
comers and particularly so for those who have never been to the seaside.
Automobiles convey the party to the Indian River along a road lined with
orange groves and cabbage palm trees. There gasoline launches are waiting to
take them across the beautiful Indian River, with its perpetually green shore
lines, jumping fish and strange birds, to the house of refuge. This is one of
a number of such places maintained by the government along the Florida
coast for the relief of shipwrecked mariners. A short distance north of it,
overlooking the ocean, is the Indian River Farms Company's bath house, where
bathing suits may be obtained by those wishing to take a dip in the surf.
Along the coast of south Florida the waters of the Atlantic neve/' become too
cold for bathing and few, if any, Sundays pass during the year without a party
from Vero enjoying this most invigorating and healthful of all .sports. It is
6 o'clock by the time the party again reaches the hotel, all as hutigry as bears
and ready for the bountiful supper that is always awaiting the n.
With the arrival of Monday the excursion parties begin to break up. Some
start home, while others continue on their way to see more of the Wonder
State. And after they have all gone, Vero settles down to imi atiently await
the arrival of the next excursion. JOE HILL.
PRODUCTION OF CITRUS FRUIT
(East Coast Advocate.)
Fifty growers were asked the ques-
tion as to what ,a grove would produce
under good care and cultivation, at
from three years to twenty-five years
Thirty-five answers were received
from the inquiry, and below we give
the average yield per tree of grape-
fruit at the various ages. Oranges, it
is estimated, would run about 25 per
cent less. This being the average, it
shows what can be produced with aver-
age skill and industry:
At 3 years from 0 to 2/3 of a box.
At 4 years from 1 to 1% boxes.
At 5 years from 1% to 3 boxes.
At 6 years from 2% to 4 boxes.
At 7 years from 33/ to 5% boxes.
At 8 years from 5 to 7% boxes.
At 9 years from 61/4 to 91 boxes.
At 10 years from 8 to 111 boxes.
At 12 years from 10 to 13 boxes.
At 15 years from 12 to 16 boxes.
At 20 years from 14 to 21 boxes.
At 25 years from 17 to 26 boxes.
GOODS EQUAL TO
BEST IN MARKET
This Is Belief of J. D. Rooney, Secretary
of the Marion County Board of Trade.
TOMATO COMPARISON MADE
Florida Product Is Said to Be Superior to the
That Florida canners can claim the
same trade equality with those of
Maryland and other states is the
,opinion of J. D. Rooney, secretary of
the 1MIarion County Board of Trade.
Cited as his authority is Secretary
Wiley of the W tern Association of
Truck Growers. VBeing an official .of
the American Canners' Association,
Secretary Wiley some months ago
made a trip to Ocala.
At that time he compared tomatoes
grown and canned in this state with
those from Maryland. He is reputed
to have stated that the Florida prod-
uct was superior to that of Maryland.
Just at present the plan of getting
the Florida wholesalers and brokers
to push the sale of the state canneries'
products is the general problem. It is
believed to be a fact that nearly all of
the canned tomatoes and other vege-
tables used in Florida are brought in
from other states.
Several members present here at
the recent organization meeting of
the Florida vegetable marketing bu-
reau said that the overripe product of
Florida's vegetable farms should be
directed to canning plants. Owing to
the fact that Florida tomatoes com-
pare well with those of other states,
it is believed this should encourage
such industry, together with the estab-
lishment of canning plants.
It is the belief of Mr. Rooney that a
'canning community in many sections
of the state will soon be a reality.-
in Mr. 0. 0. Helseth's Grove _
Florida Photographic Concern
and Picture Framing
Films and Finishing for Amateurs
.-m.-r mD-C .- -
JAMES E. ANDREWS
Ocklawaha Nurseries have the
finest strain of Pineapple Orange
trees, warranted to produce
strictly fancy fruit.
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES, Tangerine, Fla.
Write for catalog
C. J. REAMS
FARMERS BANK OF VERO
Capital Stock, $20,000
A New and Up-to-date Bank with all facilities
Get the Banking Habit-It's a Good One
Save Your Money Now-It will Save You Later
OPEN AN ACCOUNT TODAY WITH
7HE FARMERS BANK
Right now is a mighty good tife to send in that ad for the December Farmer.
c1 rl iItA
If I could give the young people
of America but one word of advice
it would be this: "Believe in your-
self with all your might." That is,
THE MIRACLE OF SELF-CONFIDENCE
believe that your destiny is inside of
you, that there is a power within you
which, if awakened, aroused, devel-
oped and watched with an honest ef-
fort, will not only make a noble man
or woman or you, but will also make
you successful and happy.-Orison
20 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Indian River Farms
CAPITAL STOCK $1,000,000.00
Indian River Farms
Building the Town of
OFFICERS AND DIRECTORS
President, J. H. HASS
President Scott County Savings Bank
Vice-President, F. W. MUELLER
President Mueller Lumber Co.
Sec'y Christian Mueller Timber
and Land Co.
Treasurer and General Manager
HERMAN J. ZEUCH
President Morton L. Marks Co.
CHAS. DUNCAN, Secretary
Secretary Crossett Timber Co.
General Sales Manager
JOHN LeROY HUTCHISON
Superintendent of Agents
A. M. HILL
A. W. YOUNG
J. E. ANDREWS
President Farmers Bank of Vero, Florida
E. W. THOMPSON, Capitalist
Thompson & Jackson
General Offices: Vero, Florida
General Sales Offices:
Putnam Bldg., Davenport, Iowa
Scott County Savings Bank
Iowa National Bank, Davenport, Iowa
St. Lucie Co Bank, Ft Pierce, Florida
Bank of Ft. Pierce, Ft. Pierce, Florida
Colorado Springs National Bank
Colorado Springs, Colo.
Address All Communications to the
GENERAL SALES OFFICE:
Putnam Bldg., Davenport, Iowa
Opportunity, it is said, knocks once
at every man's door. While it is al-
ways knocking at the doors of Floridi-
ans, it is hammering now with an in-
sistency that should not be ignored,
says the St. Augustine Record. The
war in Europe will, as everyone knows,
create a tremendous extra demand for
food supplies of every character.
While the United States has at pres-
ent an abundance of everything in
storage, the continual drains upon
these supplies is certain to reduce
them to an extent that will boost
prices, not a fictitious advance as at
present, but an increase due to actual
shortage. Florida can raise practically
everything except wheat, and in quan-
tities sufficient to meet the demand of
Potatoes form a staple and nutri-
tious diet and will be in enormous
demand. Florida, due to its unequaled
climatic conditions, can rush a fall
crop and can follow this with a spring
crop. The area can be increased
twentyfold without overdoing it. Po-
tatoes will be largely used in baking
bread as well as a distinct article of
food and too many cannot be grown.
Sugar will also offer to the Florida
farmer extra inducements. The colo-
nies of the warring nations will be un-
able to supply more than a fraction of
what is demanded after the surplus is
exhausted. The big sugar plantations
in Louisiana have been cut up into
small farms and will no longer be a
factor in the production of sugar. In
Florida vast areas are awaiting culti-
vation. Hundreds of thousands of
acres will produce sugar. Always a
good paying crop sugar cane should
now prove a veritable gold mine.
Beans, another staple article, with
but a limited supply now on the mar-
ket, ranks with meats in nutritious ele-
ments. Beans can be grown on almost
every acre in Florida, and in quick
order. Many other crops offer equal
opportunities. Let everyone get busy
and produce enough to feed the world.
Of all the crops Florida can grow
successfully and profitably, corn just
now leads all the rest. We are buying
corn from the Argentine republic,
when we have millions of acres of as
good corn land as there is in the world
The Panama canal earned $55,000
during the first week of its operation.
And this in war times, when ships
have quit the seas, like rats leaving a
sinking boat! With peace over the
world and general prosperity, what
enormous figures might not be
Master of Human Destinies am I,
Fame, Love and Fortune on my footsteps wait,
Cities and Fields I walk; I penetrate
Deserts and seas remote and passing by
Hovel and mart and palace, soon or late
I knock unbidden once at every gate;
If sleeping, wake; if feasting rise before
I turn away. It is the hour of fate,
And they who follow me reach every state
Mortals desire, and conquer every foe
Save Death; but those who doubt or hesitate,
Condemned to failure, penury, and woe,
Seek me in vain, useless implore,
I answer not and return no more.
.- -John J. Ingalls.
1 j~~te~l^Ra~ '-hi^^~jiit
Newly Cut Rhodes Grass in Indian
by buying a&lot "ni4Mo.,
You Should Have 1915 Catalog
of the Royal Palm Nurseries
Reasoner Brothers, proprietors of Royal The ornamental trees, plants, shrubs,
Palm Nurseries, have just received from vines and bulbs growing in the various
their printers their 1915 catalog-the divisions of Royal Palm Nurseiiesinclude
most complete plant directory ever pub- everything that is beautiful to the eye
listed by these well-known nurserymen. and pleasing to the sense of smell. Fruit
Its contents are compiled into seventeen growers, farmers and home-builders may
chapters, covering about seventy pages. obtain from these nurseries plants with
The pages are generously illustrated- which to ornament and beautify their
covers in color by the latest processes- surroundings, indoors and out. No less
and the text describes perhaps the greatest complete is the Royal Palm stock of citrus
variety of stock ever assembled in one and other fruit trees adapted to all por-
nursery, anywhere in this country. tions of the Gulf coast country.
Famous Foster Grapefruit
Only Pink-Fleshed Variety
The famous Foster grapefruit-that with the rose-pink tinted flesh-comes from Royal Palm
Nurseries. This citrus fruit is so attractive that it is sure to be a money-maker for many years
tocome. Other trees of the citrus family groNn in Royal Palm Nurseries include the Tangelo,
a hybrid between a tangerine and pomelo. In the grapefruit list is Pernambuco and Waiters,
two of the very best varieties. In oranges, among other kinds, there is an especially good stock
of Centennial, Homosassa, Lue Gim Gong, Parson Brown, Pineapple, Ruby and Valencia Late.
A Nursery Catalog That is a Horticultural Text-Book
Makers of homes, growers and farmers, aind those who in tits look Reasoner Brothers also ,make announcement
desire to besuitify their porches and grounds will find nil of their Service D)i,partincetthroaugh which customers may
their requirements described in The Royal Piilm Nuirseies receive accurate information on planting, fruit-growing.
catalog. The data has lbeen. coi' piled with infii ite arei. tile ntlakine of ecotoisa i crops, gardening, ornamental
furnishes a text-book of untold worth to the laymian, home-planting and landscaping. For free copy write to
REASONER BROS. 176 Benedict Ave., ONECO, FLA.
You're standing still if you're ot advertising
^ * ^ * ... **'. **, . ; ) ^ .. ;^-%
-t 5. 5
The Biggest Fortunes have
been founded on the increase
in the value of Real Estate.
Are you laying the founda-
tion for a Fortune ?
IF NOT, WHY NOT?
Lots in the Thriving, Rapid-
ly Growing Town of Vero are
cheap today. Lay the foun-
dation of your future fortune
ANOTHER GOOD FRIEND &ONE4. -
In the death of William C. Fick, October 5th, Indian River
Farms have lost another good friend. Mr. Fick's death at his
home in Quincy, Ill., caused by neuralgia of the heart,- was a
great shock to all who knew him, as it was e rely unexpected.
Mr. Fick was manager of the Fick Coal Company, a direc-
tor of the Chamber of Commerce, interested in all projects for
the betterment of his city and a loyal and sincere friend. Mr.
Fick's sincerity and earnestness endeared him to all who met
him and his death has caused sorrow to his many friends.
* 5,' 'ii