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Vol. 2, No. 5 ^ 7 Zuril, JL Price $1.00 Per Year
VERO'S NEW DEPOT.
The Florida East Coast Railway recently enlarged
the station facilities at Vero made necessary
by the increase of the traffic and freight
business in this growing town.
SCome and Settle in the Thriving Indian River Farms
~^ ^^ ^-v 09.
2 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
WHAT FLORIDA HAS TO OFFER
CLIMATE GREAT ASSET
Spends Winters in This State and Is
Therefore Able to Write Instruct-
ive Article on the Subject.
E. W. Barber, editor of the Jack-
son (Mich.) Patriot, is wintering at
Crooked Lake, Polk county, and writes
his paper the following interesting
Probably there are more erroneous
impressions prevalent concerning Flor-
ida as a crop and wealth producing
State than in regard to any one of the
47 other States that with it form the
great American sisterhood. Nothing is
more persistent than prejudice, unless
it be inherited error. Even census
facts cannot overcome it, if they prove
that the cultivated land in Florida pro-
duces much more in value per acre
than do the same number of acres in
any other State-seven to eight times
as much as the best of our agricultural
States.' Why is it? Simply because
of its favoring soil and climate-sun-
shine, rainfall and temperature, as
well as land, being the factors in pro-
As a State or national asset Flor-
ida's climate is as valuable as Ala-
bama's iron and coal, and it is inex-
haustible. Only in recent years have
we come to a realization of climate as
an economic factor. Generally people
think of it merely as a matter of pref-
erence or in relation to health. If
Florida had no other material advan-
tages, still it would have in its climate
an asset sufficiently great to enrich
the State; but when added to this are
'its many splendid resources, it pre-
sents advantage-that none who know
fimjbout. them can gainsay.
In the Year Books issued by the
national agricultural department, accu-
racy of statement is sought in all
cases. In a recent one this language
occurs: "The semi-tropical climate of
Florida gives rise to conditions exist-
ing in no other State. No eastern State
receives the same amount of winter
sunshine. Florida produces the most
delicate fruit and vegetable crops in
the dead of winter." These crops are
among the State's great assets.
This tongue of land, named Florida
more than four hundred years ago,
which reaches down for five hundred
miles between the Atlantic ocean and
the Gulf of Mexico, is so narrow that
it is swept by water-cooled breezes,
no matter from which direction the
prevailing winds may come. Its win-
ter climate has long been appreciated
by ailing and nerve-wrecked north-
erners, and many are now learning to
appreciate its summer climate and
beauty. Mrs. Maud Welling Hunt, who
has lived over a year at Crooked
Lake, her home a Ruby steel cottage
and cooking and eating in a tent, last
summer having been one of the hot-
test ever experienced, tells me: "You
ought to spend the summer here, as
everything is more enjoyable and
beautiful than in the winter." Again,
sne said: "If I was driven from this
,place I would not think of going north
to live, as I like the summer as well as
The winter sun shines down upon
the earth fully an hour longer here
each day than it does in Michigan; in
the summer this solar condition is re-
versed; for in the summer the sun
bakes the earth at least an hour longer
in Michigan .than it does in Florida;
which is only another way of saying
that in the north the earth is heating
longer and cooling a shorter portion
of the twenty-four hours than in this
part of the south. This helps to ex-
plain the prevalence of sunstrokes
and heat prostrations in the northern
States and the entire freedom from
them in Florida. Consult an official
tablet-prepared-by -the -Unted-States
weather bureau and you will find that
the highest temperature ever reported
at Tampa, Florida, in forty years was
96 degrees in the shade, and at De-
troit 101 and at Marquette 108 in
But there are other reasons than its
climate, for an increase in value of
over 204 per cent of farm lands in
Florida between 1900 and 1910, ac-
cording to the thirtieth census, with
less than one-eighth of its area under
cultivation. In the percentage of in-
crease in value of farm property Flor-
ida ranked eighth among the States;
in the value of farm buildings, the sev-
enth; in livestock, the ninth, and these
proportional values are not due to the
rise in prices, as these affected all
States alike. A most significant indi-
cation of Florida's prosperity is the
fact that, according to a recent state-
ment of the per capital deposits in
national banks, it stood second of the
thirteen southern States, Texas being
first with $40.09 for each inhabitant
and Florida next with $39.11.
If perchance there are those who
think that Florida owes' its prosper-
ity largely to the money spent by
winter tourists, to its early vegeta-
bles and its superior citrus fruits,
facts controvert this idea. Of course,
tourists in large numbers come to this
greatest American peninsula in the
winter, escaping from the ice-bound
north to enjoy its genial climate. More-
over, becoming personally acquainted
with its resources, many of these win-
ter visitors invest large sums here,
and thus in two ways aid in its de-
velopment. Its grapefruit, oranges and
early vegetables-the latter including
nearly all that are grown in the north
-bring millions of dollars annually,
but these are only a part of its re-
The cigar industry amounts to mil-
lions of dollars yearly, and it grows
tne highest grade and most expensive
cigar wrapper produced in the United
States. Some of the tobacco land is
worth $1,000 and over per acre; it
produces an average of 65,O000 ales
of the famous sea island cotton of
the finest quality; more than five mil-
lion dollars' worth of fish are shipped
from its waters each year; it fur-
nishes the finest sponge in the west-
ern hemisphere and thousands of per-
sons are engaged in this industry; of
turpentine and rosin its forests yield
more than the same area anywhere
else in the world, these two articles
of commerce bringing about $35,000,-
000 a year; it is great for lumber,
and is said to have more virgin stand-
ing timber than any other State east
of the Rocky mountains, having more
than a hundred varieties of trees; it
has some of the most extensive api-
aries in the world, shipping honey by
the carload and by steamers; it is
excellent for poultry, eggs fetching the
highest prices, the markets being fur-
ther south as well as north; it is noted
for its pecans, one man having 5,000
trees; and one orchard of camphor'
trees, near Palatka, has recently
shipped five carloads of camphor gum
to northern markets.
For mining phosphate, Florida leads
the world, and Polk county takes the
lead in Florida, the yearly value of
its output, according to the Industrial
Index, amounting to about $50,000,000.
At the close of almost every week
we hear the explosion from blasting
the rock at Fort Meade, eighteen
miles distant. And besides all this
Florida is a great cattle State.
These are some of the resources of
Florida, in addition to its magnificent
climate, and only a beginning has
been made. No wonder that becom-
ing known, its population increased a
fraction over 42 per cent in the dec-
ade from 1900 to 1910, while the
United States, as a whole, increased
21 per cent during the same period.
For healthfulness no State of the
Union excels Florida.
Florida, endowed with splendid wa-
terways, excellent harbors and the
pathway, with the opening of the Pan-
ama canal, of the mightiest commerce
the world has ever known, cannot
help feeling the vivifying impulse of
This new trade route for the eastern
and tlie western hemispheres. With
each ten acres of land capable of fur-
nishing more freight than is possible
from many more acres in colder cli-
mates, more people are coming to this
land of lakes and sunshine to live
than ever before in the history of any
southern commonwealth.-St. Lucie
YOUR FIRST STOP SHOULD
BE AT VERO, FLORIDA.
In the past year, that is, in the
twelve months from March 15, 1913, to
March 15, 1914, Florida has undoubt-
edly made greater progress than in
In the first place, Florida grew and
marketed, in that twelve months' pe-
riod, more citrus fruits than in any
other twelve months' period. She pro-
duced and sold more winter vegetables
than in any other twelvemonth pe-
riod. She raised more corn, more hogs,
more cattle, and sold them for better
prices than in a like period in any
- part of her past. Millions more of dol-
lars in cash have been brought into
i.lorida in the twelve months just
passed than in any year previously.
More has been paid out for labor. More
has been paid out for transportation
and more for supplies of various kinds
than ever before.
The state has developed more in the
twelve months' period from March to
Marcn than in any other previous year.
There have been built more good
roads; there has been more improve-
ment of waterways; more farm and
grove development; more improve-
ment in livestock conditions and pro-
duction; more acreage planted to cit-
Winter Trucks and Vegetables-Indian River Farms, Vero, Florida.
rus fruits, to vegetables, to general ing lands. But that is a thing of the
farm products. The physical and finan- past. The state is going ahead now
cial condition of Florida and her peo- on a substantial basis. The get-rich-
ple should be better today than it has quick propositions have been elimi-
ever been.' & nated. Florida is appealing to the peo-
i'lorida has been adversely adver- ple of other states because she has
tised and injured by people who have something substantial to offer. She
not scrupled to injure her fair fame has inducements for capital and la-
for the furtherance of their own ends. bor, and for enterprises. She has mil-
Deception has been practiced in sell- lions of acres of productive lands in
which there has never been a plow-
share. She has millions of acres of
virgin timber. She has millions of
acres fit for groves and orchards,
farms and gardens. She has the fin----
est climate in the world. She is the
only state with a sub-tropical climate
just outside the gates of the great
centers of American population. She
is within twenty hours of practically
sixty millions of people. She has the
land to produce it, and the water and
rail transportation to get it to market.
There are thousands of acres in
Florida that produce annually over
$1,000 per acre of fruit or vegetables.
There are millions more of acres that
will produce that much. There are no
sections of the world where the land
is so productive, so close to market,
and can be had at so low a price.
Florida isn't anxious for land invest-
ors. 'v hat Florida needs is more home-
makers. We need the people more
than we need their money. Brains
and brawn are more in demand than
great sums of money to be invested in
land and allowed to lie for decades,
awaiting the growing values. We need
the small farmers with capital enough
to buy small farms, equip themselves,
and put their farms into a productive-
state, For those there is room for
Advertising is the self-starter of sales.
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 3
St. Lucie County's Vast Resources and
ot. Lucie county is one of the busi- development, thereby opening up more
est, most enterprising and most pros- and greater possibilities each day.
perous counties of South Florida. Its Until yesterday we were pioneers,
towns and cities have sprung into ex- we were conquering a continent, win-
istence in a very few years, remind- ning a wilderness, pushing railroads.
ing one of the great building of the Reckless, bold, dashing men have been
West. in the saddle. Aggressiveness, cour-
Many men of millions came here a age, initiative and strenuousness have
few years ago and saw the vast pos- been the qualities of leadership. De-
sibilities of investing their money; be- struction has been the keynote-de-
ing convinced of the climate, loca- struction of forests, soil, fertility, min-
tion and soil, they purchased more eral deposits, game, fish and human
than 500,000 acres of land and began energy. Today we have won our wil-
developing it, making it ready for set- derness. Now construction and up-
tlement. Since then, there has been building must be the keynotes. Con-
pushed onward as fast as possible servation is the cry of the age, and St.
great canals running through the vast Lucie county is leading in this new
prairies, together with hundreds of order of things.
miles of laterals and farm ditches, Her roads are one of the many evi-
converting this wild land into groves, dences of her faith in the future.
truck fields and gardens. Nearly two hundred miles of hard sur-
Where three years ago land that faced roads, of which the most im-
was inaccessible in almost every di- portant one runs the entire length of
reaction, is now the scene of thousands the county, forming a link in the great
of families engaged in the work of in- chain of the Montreal to Miami Na-
tensive farming, groves and pineapple tional highway, sixty miles long, over
fields, of unrivaled productiveness tona highwousands of automiles long, over
And tuese people are only the advance ch of automobiles tour
party of the great main body, which is every year-a driveway unsurpassed
on the march to take up its permanent in beauty. The tourist is surprised at
station on St. Lucie county's broad every turn, passing through groves,
acres, garden and glen, then sees opened up
Beginning the 28th day of February, before him the vast pineapple planta-
J. G. White and a party of distin- tions and for thirty miles he passes
guished bankers and business men of plantations of untold wealth. Then
the East, toured our county, for the from the splendid little city of Fort
purpose of personally observing the Pierce he runs parallel with the fa-
wonderful development going on, and mous Indian River for several miles,
the great progress made in converting the finest river drive in the world.
this land into farms. These men are The pineapple income means one
men of affairs, who have left behind and one-half million annually; or-
them. substantial evidences of their anges and grapefruit, nearly one-half
ability to take this old world in its million; the fishing industry, when
primeval crudeness and convert it into normal, several hundred thousands,
a modern field of adventure for the and numerous enterprises bringing a
better living of the whole race. They tremendous lot of money to this city
play "with gigantic engineering prob- each year.
lems as the child on the sand heaps, The prevailing wind is from the
building his escarpments and leveling southeast, off the Atlantic ocean,
his hillock to a seemly miniature ter- bringing the ozone and coolness, la-
raine. dened with the tang of salt and the
There is being spent in the county odor of pine, to our residents, having
nearly five millions of dollars on its a great healing and preserving effect.
Fort Pierce High School, Fort Pierce, Florida.
NEW HIGH SCHOOL BUILDING
FOR FORT PIERCE.
The new high school building which
is to be erected at Fort Pierce at a
cost of $75,000, when completed, will
be one of the finest school buildings
in this section of the state. It will be
of ordinary structure, 390 by 160 feet,
tile roof, steam heat and electric
A great deal has been written lately
regarding the schools and school
buildings of Florida. It must be ad-
mitted that heretofore some of the
buildings in all parts of the state have
been poor. The high class of people
who have been coming into this sec-
tion of the country tne last few years
are demanding better schools and bet-
ter equipment for the schools than
ever before. With thoehew building at
Fort Pierce great educational advan-
tages will be offered the children of
St. Lucie county. As a county is
usually judged by her school buildings,
this means much for the development
of St. Lucie county ana vicinity.
Think of raising 275 bushels of sweet
potatoes on an acre of prairie land,
that was submerged for years, before
it was drained, and selling them for
$1.50 a bushel. That's what an enter-
prising West Virginia man has just
done on one of the Fort Pierce farms,
west of the city. He is also raising
an orange grove on this same acre.
That is a sample of what can be done
almost anywhere in St. Lucie county.
LET US TELL YOU ABOUT
SOME THINGS WHICH WILL IN-
Corner Osceola Boulevard and Seminole Avenue, Vero, Florida.
Northern Cash is Developing Lands at Vero]
Forty-Four Thousand Acres of Fertile that there is a company that is making
Lands Are Being Drained and good on its representations. It has not
Hard Surfaced Clay and sold land "sight unseen," but has
Shell Roads Built. brought the purchasers to Florida and
sold to them on the ground. Accord-
More than $250,000 of good north- Ing to the records of the company, 98
ern money is being spent by the In- per cent of the people who have come
dian River Farms Company of Daven- to inspect the proposition have pur-
port, ia., in draining and building roads chased before leaving. From $65 to
through 44,000 acres of land at Vero, $100 is being received for the land,
141 miles north of Miami, according depending on its proximity to canals
to a report brought back yesterday and roads.
by Ben Johnson, who drove overland Twenty miles of canal are under
to the scene of the big development contract now, and more than this
operations to inspect work on eleven amount in addition will be contracted
miles of canal which he is dredging within the next few weeks. About
there under contract. 100 miles of sublaterals are to be con-
Vero at present is not a large town, tracted in the near future. It is the
but is growing mighty fast as the intention of the company to not only
northern families pour in to locate thoroughly drain the land, but to pro-
near land which they have purchased tect it from overflow from the back
from the Indian River Farms Corn- country by erecting dykes entirely
pany. Many new farmers are farming around the tract under improvement.
tnis year on land which was never
tilled before and which never before Hard Surface Roads
has been in a condition to be tilled. More than this, hard surfaced roads
The town boasts of the finest and best are to be built throughout the tract,
hotel between West Palm Beach and using shells and clay. It is claimed
Daytona, according to Mr. Johnson. that this combination is highly satis-
Many Improvements Along Coast factory as a road material. The com-
"Unless one actually drives up and pany has put up $60,000 as a perma-
down the east coast of Florida and nent drainage fund, and while it is
sees for himself the splendid develop- being constantly depleted by the drain-
ment work that is going on, he can ing operations now going on, a per-
hardly realize what is being done, and centage from the land sales is turned
the magnitude of the undertakings back into the fund which keeps it al-
that are under way," said Mr. John- most constantly at $60,000. Nearly
son. "The Indian River Farms Com- twenty thousand acres nave now been
pany is only one of the large con- sold.
cerns that are transforming the east The soil is a sandy loam, a mixture
coast from a wilderness into pro- of sand and muck. It is claimed to be
ductive areas." excellent for oranges, and many groves
Mr. Johnson declared that the vis- are being set out, according to Mr.
itor to Vero is impressed with the idea Johnson.
ST. LUCIE COUNTY WILL DO IT.
Under the heading, "What Will St.
Lucie County Do?" the East Coast
Homeseeker in March issue says:
"St. Lucie, one of the best produc-
ing counties in the state, has thus far
made no attempt to have a county
fair, but from recent utterances it is
probable that next winter St. Lucie
county will have formed a fair asso-
ication and will bring together the
products of that county for the pur-
pose of demonstrating to the ever-
increasing numbers the real value of
the soil and the favorable climate for
producing almost everything grown in
temperate and semi-tropical zones.
Long ago St. Lucie county became
noted for its oranges and pineapples
and now its products cover all varie-
ties. A midwinter fair is the greatest
demonstrator a county can possibly
have-an advertisement that carries
St. Lucie county is beginning to
realize the value of a fair and will
have one next winter, sure. If we
could have one just at the present
time we could show almost all of our
sister counties some of the particulars
in which St. Lucie county leads. While
less fortunate members of the sister-
hood are replanting many of their ten-
der vegetables, St. Lucie county is
daily sending into the markets of the
North large numbers of crates of
beans-one of the tenderest of "garden
sass"-and within two weeks will be
sending to market several carloads
each day of Irish potatoes, tomatoes,
cabbage, onions, etc. We are now
reaping an $8 bean market, and will
ship on an $8 potato market all of our
But why wait for a county fair?
Visitors to Florida can see thousands
of acres of the finest orange and
grapefruit groves, and the most pros-
perous vegetable farms in one-half day
automobile ride through the county.
Come and see them.-St. Lucie County
Tribune, March 27, 1914.
Are the new families in Indian River Farms buying from you?
4 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
-' i FLORIDA COULD EASILY SUPPORT HENRY WARD BEECHER'S CREED.
S.. Shortage in M eat Supply FIFTEEN MILLION PEOPLE.
S-- -- We believe that soil likes to eat as
The present cost of production has probably in- Florida is growing so rapidly that well as its owner, and ought, there-
meat supply of creased more rapidly than the increase those who do not know possibilities of fore to be liberally fed.
the United States in the selling price of livestock, the state may suspect that the growth We believe in large crops which
is more than 18,- "The shortage of meat animals is is too rapid. No state in the Union leave the land better than they found
000,000 animals probably due to a number of contrib- has ever grown more rapidly than Flor- it-making the farmer and the farm
short of the num- uting causes. Some of the more im- ida could grow and grow soundly, both glad at once.
Sober necessary to portant of these are: What other states can produce, Flor- We believe in going to the bottom of
feed nearly 99,- "The encroachment of farms upon ida can produce, but she does grow things and, therefore, in deep plowing
000,000 people, ac- the range territory, such products only to a limited extent, and enough of it. All the better with
c o r d i n g to an "The shortage in iLe corn and for- because she can grow products that no a subsoil plow.
S estimate by the age crop due to the severe drought in other state on this side of the conti- We believe that every farm should
department of Kansas, Nebraska and Oklahoma in nent can grow, and these are much own a good farmer.
agriculture, based 1913. more profitable than the products that We believe that the best fertilizer
lon the supply per "The increase in the value of land are shared by other states. Florida for any soil is a spirit of industry, en-
on the s ly p and the increased cost of labor and has all kinds of tropical fruits in ad- terprise, and intelligence. Without this,
capital in 1910 he- stock feed. edition to the farm products of other lime and gypsum, bones and green
fore the tremend- "The decline in stock raising on states. * By the last census manure, marl and guano, will be of lit-
ous increase in farms in the East and South because Florida had three-quarters of a mil- tle use.
the cost of living of poor marketing facilities, lion people, and now has nearly a mil- We believe in good fences, good
began. "The temptation to sell livestock at lion. If six million people lived in the barns, good farm houses, good stock,
The increase in the prevailing high prices rather than state, the opportunities of each would good orchards, and children enough to
population and to continue to carry them with high- not be less than now. In fact, Florida gather the fruit.
the shrinkage of priced stock feed. could easily support fifteen- million We believe in a clean kitchen, a
meat supply have "Enormous losses from hog cholera, people, and if she had twice that num- neat wife in it, a spinning wheel, a
operated to in- "The competition of higher prices ber would not be more thickly settled clean cupboard, a dairy, and a clean
crease the farm for other farm products." than England.-Times-Union. conscience.
value of animals
nearly $400,000,000 in four years, yet
the farmers, the department says, are
not profiting to thdt extent on ac-
count of the prodigious increase in
the qost of production of meat for the
In a bulletin issued today the de-
partment shows a decrease of 5,230,-
000 cattle and 2,729,000 sheep and an
increase of 747,000 hogs since 1910.
The department estimates the pres-
ent population of the United States at
98,646,000. In order to maintain the
per capital ration of 1910, 18,259,000
more cattle, sheep and swine would be
Notwithstanding the fact that the
estimates show there is actually a de-
crease of 7,305,000 food animals since
the census of 1910, the estimated farm
value of the cattle, sheep and swine
on farms on Jan. 1, 1914, shows an in-
crease, because of higher prices, of
The estimates show that the farm
value of beef cattle has increased from
$19.07 to $31.13 a head, or 63.2 per
cent, an average annual increase of
over 15 per cent. Swine have in-
creased in value from $9.17 to $10.40
per head, or 13.4 per cent. Sheep have
decreased from an estimated average
farm value of $4.12 in 1910 to $4.04 in
"This increasing average value of
meat animals, however," the depart-
ment says, "does not necessarily mean
that farmers or stock raisers are mak-
ing more profit. On the contrary, the
BIG MONEY GROWING
The new wonder plant." Beats ginseng or
anything else that grows. Thrives in any soil
or climate. Write for full particulars.
BURGESS SEED CO.,
3 I. R., Allegan, Mich.
A Stimulus to Cattle Raising
The new era in Florida agriculture
is proceeding rapidly. Its possibilities
are attracting the attention of capital-
ists in other States. The railroads are
no longer content with merely trans-
acting the business which comes their
way, but they are giving their atten-
tion more than ever before to uevel-
oping whatever will be the means of
bringing them an increasing volume of
business in the future; chief among
these is agriculture. One of the latest
instances of this is the movement of
the Seaboard Air Line Railway Com-
pany to develop the dairy business
along its lines. One of the early re-
sults of this has been the preparations
to establish a modern aairy at Live
Oak to supply that city with milk,
cream and butter and to ship the sur-
plus to Jacksonville. Parties from Tal-
lahassee have been looking over the
field to ascertain what Jacksonville
has to offer Leon county. dairymen in
the way of a market.
One of the most important acces-
sions to the business of this city and
one that will make it a still greater
factor in the development of Florida
and of the Southeast will be the stock
yards that it is announced will be es-
tablished-in a very short time on three
and a half acres of land leased on En-
terprise street and convenient to the
railroads; that the contracts for
buildings, stock pens and dipping
vats, with all the other appliances
necessary for a complete plant, were
to be let immediately. Here cattle and
live stock generally will be handled
en route to other markets, and horses,
mules, cows, sheep and hogs will be
sold, while a modern abattoir to fur-
nish fresh meats to local dealers will
What this proposed new enterprise
means by way of incentive to the
farmers of Florida can hardly be ex-
aggerated. With a market within the
state for all he can produce, the Flor-
ida farmer will be inspired to raise
meat animals, knowing that he will
not have to send them long distances
to find purchasers. Many will see a
We firmly disbelieve in farmers that
will not improve; in farms that grow
poorer every year; in starving cattle;
in farmers' boys turning into clerks
and merchants; in farmers' daughters
unwilling to work, and in all farmers
ashamed of their vocation or who
drink whisky until honest people are
ashamed of them.-Colman's Rural
reason for raising a beef or two, the
grower converting his crops into meat,
whereby they bring him greater re-
turns, while the fertility of his farm
is increased; he will know that he
can well afford to raise more'ho
sheep, with a good market near at
hand. We have learned, too, that in-
quiries are coming in as to what ad-
vantages Florida offers for large breed-
ing farms, the only obstacle in the way
being the prevalence of the cattle tick
and the apathy of many of our farm-
ers regarding the eradication of the
This will give Sacksonville the first
dipping vat built at this leading rail-
road center. We believe the lack of
one here, in conjunction with the large
shipments of cattle through this point
last year, had much to do with the in-
ception of this project. An authority
on this subject informs us that letters
are arriving from persons in all parts
of the country asking how purchases
of cattle can be got out of the State,
quarantined as it is; and from these
letters he draws the conclusion that
the cattle shipments this year will be
much larger than in 1913.
The inference is that the raising of
cattle is becoming a more promising
industry than ever before. With all
the advantages of a mild climate and
a wealth of grasses and forage plants
that grow luxuriantly in this state, it
needs but a determination to be rid of
the tick to make this a cattle raising
state of the highest importance. This
makes for further diversification and
the employment OC larger areas in the
state in agricultural industries.-Flor-
ida Times Union, Jacksonville.
Our readers need stock. Tell them about your stock farm, Mr. Advertiser.
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
It's Shnd That Will Make Florida
By EMIL HELD, Feature Editor, "Florida, the State of
a Thousand Wonders"
When I listen to the croaker who
asks me in surprise why I ever came
down here, where the sand is all right
for those who want to spend a little
while, recreating in Florida's sunshine,
provided it does not rain forty nights
in succession, I wonder if he has ever
traveled in other parts of these blessed
Sand-Nonsense; that's the only
thing I have found lacking in the
croakers in spite of the superabun-
dance of this useful gift of God in
this state. If it were only well enough
known, thousands upon thousands
would find new vigor and health-
without medicine-by judicious lolling
Sin the sand dunes of this state, where
and whenever the sun strikes the
sand. The "hot sands" of the desert,
and around which one of the great fra-
ternal bodies has woven an interesting
net, are not to be compared with the
hot sands of Florida as a health cure
within the reach of even the man of
Sand-Again this is the uppermost
topic of today's diversion of my mind.
It's sand that has made some men
wealthy who knew how to mould it
for their requirements, and some day
al of the sand of this great state will
find its respective use and well earned
place in the upbuilding of this, the
"greatest state-to-be" in the Union.
Sand-Did it not require sand on the
part of the citizens of Portland, Ore.,
to remain and build a commercial city
of strength, in spite of the fact that it
rains there on the slightest provoca-
tion, as some say, and I know? Yet
Tom Richardson, who foresaw its
great opportunities, boosted for his
city from the moment he reached it as
secretary of the Commercial Club, un-
til now he has the reputation of being
one, if not the foremost booster of the
United States. And Portland not only
a leader of the coast cities, but rec-
ognized everywhere else.
Sand-If you did not have men of
sand who can see the disadvantage
that might arise from any failure, re-
gardless of whether it may bring the
benefit some give it credit for, the
city of Jacksonville would not hold the
Confederate reunion, but mark in its
records the first step backward. And
I believe that she will hold it suc-
cessfully without the aid of the rest
of the state. Just sand, maybe at first
only of a few men, but steadily arous-
ing the spirit of pride that has made
the cities of the Pacific coast, and
therefore the Pacific coast states..
Sand-Yesterday I was told by a
citizen: "This state will never be
what it is cracked up as going to be
some day by some. Why, all we get
here in this city is tourist trade." If
this were so, but it is not, why not
put the shoulders to the wheel and
make that tourist trade what it has
made for the city of Los Angeles, a
basis for the permanency which now
rivals at least in strength the great
c'ty of San Francisco. Tourist trade,
bosh. Not until you give the tourist
an idea that he can spend more than
three months down here, or rather not
until you get real tourists down here
on short jaunts, often and during the
greater part of the year, do you get
real tourist trade. Now, we get any
number of people who spend a little
while down here or a season of ninety
days in the months of January to
March. Forget it and have the sand
to let people know that this state is
worth living in all the year, or being
in for a short time practically all the
year and then prove it.
Some say that's all there is down
here, sand. And I repeat that it is a
good thing. It takes sand for the real
estate men to talk about bringing their
1916 convention down here, when there
has been so much talk about the Con-
federate reunion deal barely being put
over. But you will find these same
real estate men putting their shoulders
to the wheel and helping make both.
It taKes sand, but there is some here.
Window-car tourists, those who
come down for a few days, look the
country over from a car window, al-
ways know more about it tnan the
man who has been here all his life.
He does not know that the Florida
sand which he despises will grow all
kinds of forage crops, and that with
the elimination of the tick, we can
raise enough cattle so that our citrus
and vegetable business, big as it is,
would look small in comparison. It
will all come in time, and then men
such as this one will look foolish, but
in the meantime they can do a cer-
tain amount of damage by the reports
they will spread in the North. This
man's listeners will be just as cock
sure that they know Florida as Is the
man himself, and they will complacent-
ly say to themselves, "It's no good."-
NIEMANN BROS. MFG. CO.,
Mt. Olive, Ill.,.
Manufacturers of Poultry Buildings
Mt. Olive, Ill., Jan. 31, 1914.
Mr. John LeRoy Hutchison,
In answer to your letter of the 28th,
will say, the object of our organiza-
tion is to work in co-operation to get
our land developed and planted to
trees. Seeing that it was rather ex-
pensive to get our land plowed and
disked with animal power in a short
time, there being' not enough stock
around Vero to do it, we decided to
buy a small tractor, get started to
plowing about the first of July and
after a month's plowing for the com-
pany we will be reaay to take on out-
side plowing for about two months,
giving the company's land a chance to
sweeten up and rot, and then we will
disk the land and ridge it up for the
We have styled ourselves the "Co-
operative Developing Company" of Mt.
Olive, Illinois, and Quay, Florida.
Louis Whitehouse, president; Win. L.
Niemann, secretary and general man-
ager; Edward Prange, treasurer; and
w alter Bernreuter, assistant manager,
at Quay, Florida.
We all intend to set out more or
less acreage of trees and do some
truck farming, and we wish that all
our neighbors around us in the north-
ern part of the township would do the
same, for we would all be largely ben-
efited, in that our land would be worth
double the price we paid for it and
more too. Very truly yours,
Co-operative Developing Company,
Wm. L. Niemann, Secy. & Gen. Mgr.
Ocklawaha Nurseries have the
only known early variety of
Grapefruit, Conner Prolific.
Get them from
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES, Tangerine, Fla.
Write for catalog
AN APPRECIATION OF
INDIAN RIVER FARMS
Read What Mr. Otis Jones, Prominent
Pharmacian of Lansing, Michigan,
and Purchaser of Indian River
Farms, Says About His Land and
the Work Being Done by the Indian
River Farms Company.
102 So. Washington Ave.,
Lansing, Michigan, Jan. 7, 1914.
F. P. Rundell, President,
Gary Bond & Mortgage Co.,
I returned a few days ago from a
visit to Vero, Florida, where I went to
inspect the Indian tiver Farms and
the wonderful system of drainage, that
I have heard so much about. I was
more than surprised to see such a
mammoth enterprise nearly completed,
and, as far as I was able to judge, all
of the promises made to me by your
representative, and in the literature
of the company, have been more than
While in Vero I visited several fine
groves on and near your land, every
tree being loaded down with beautiful
fruit. I am satisfied that your land
will produce the finest of citrus fruits,
as well as vegetables. I have always
lived in the North, so you can imagine
how I appreciated the ideal climate at
I purchased twenty acres of your
company last July and wish that I
could buy twenty acres more at the
advanced price. Under your plan of
development I am looking forward to
the time when in the near future my
twenty acres will be yielding me a
large income, and I hope to become a
citizen of the fast-growing town of
Vero, in the near future.
I do not hesitate to recommend your
Wishing you the abundant success
you deserve, I am,
Yours very truly,
Rhodes Grass on the Demonstration Farm.
Advertising in the Farmer pays.
The most indispensable and valu- serene hearts and quiet faith in God."
able asset for the conduct of life is When that prayer Is answered, living
a' CO U RA GE II ii D C 'j that prayer is answered, living
courage-courage to endure, courage deserves a song and dying becomes
to construct and reconstruct, courage an episode in the history of a man.
to go on. Without these how shallan episoe story of
we do more than drag out a miser- If religion did no more than make
able existence, moving from place to slouch along unpremeditated ways? ters of ourselves, courage to swim this forward looking courage pos-
place, like tramps and beggars, living Could there be a better prayer than against the stream, courage to drown, sible, it would deserve our reverence
on the doles fate offers us as we this? "Give us courage to be mas- when our due time is come, with and pursuit.-Boston Transcript.
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
WHAT THEY ARE DOING AT VERO
Resident Engineer R. P. Hayes did
a fast piece of bridge building when
the floating dredge "Panama," which
is throwing a dike around the north
half of the Indian River Farm Com-
pany's tract, crossed the Ft. Drum
road. This road being a United States
mail route, had to be kept open for
traffic. Mr. Hayes had the bridge tim-
bers all prepared, and as soon as the
dredge passed through the road they
were thrown into place and by night
the forty-five foot bridge was ready
About 108,000 cubic yards of exca-
vation in March brings the grand total
up to 800,000 cubic yards. Only a mile
and a half section of the main canal re-
mains to be cut and by June first it
will be completed. Excavator No. 11
is due to start north on Lateral A
about April 15. With the breaking of
the dam at the junction of the main
canal and the range line canal being
cut by the floating dredge 4% miles
of canal were opened. The profiles
are all in and bids will soon be asked
for on Laterals B, C, D and R and 100
miles of sublaterals.
A townsite has been staked out at
The Florida East Coast Railway has
extended its water tank intake to the
lower pool of the spillway, where there
will be an abundant supply of water
to keep the tank filled at all times.
A mile and a half of road has been
finished on top of the main canal spoil
The company has now completed
1,200 feet of concrete sidewalk, curb
and gutter in the Vero townsite.
Work on the concrete house being
erected by the -company at Vero is
progressing rapidly, and it will be
ready for occupancy about June 1.
J. J. Roberts came to Vero twelve
Fred W. Hamley has completed a
house and barn on his forty-acre farm
six miles southwest of Vero. He has
four acres of flourishing tomatoes and
is preparing to set out a grove. Mr.
Hamley is a Toledo business man who
came to Florida in February for his
health. On his way south he heard
of Vero and decided to go there. He
was so attracted by ,the Indian River
Farms Company's land that he pur-
chased forty acres and began at once
to improve it.
"If I should never make a cent on
my land I will consider my investment
a good one, says Mr. Hamley. "I
have been more than repaid for every
cent I have spent by the improvement
in my health and the pleasure I have
obtained from developing my place.
However, I expect it to yield me a
good financial return, too, and I be-
lieve it was a lucky day for me when
I first heard of.Vero."
"I believe there is more money to be
made here in stock raising than any
other way," says N. O. Penny, who has
long been one of Vero's most success-
ful fruit growers. "Cattle and hogs
would both yield big returns to the
man who goes into the business prop-
erly. In no other section of the Unit-
ed States can so many kinds of feed
be grown so cheaply. The expense of
providing shelter does not come into
consideration because none is needed.
Feed crops can be kept growing dur-
ing the entire year and they produce
prolific yields. It would not be wise to
bring northern or western cattle to
Florida and expect them to do well at
once and the best results would prob-
ably be obtained by crossing good
breeds-with native cattle. But there is
no doubt that cattle which are ac-
climated can be fattened successfully
here and at a big profit. The same is
true of hogs. If I had any experience
with stock I should not hesitate to en-
gage in the business on a large scale."
years ago and purchase tweny acre Winter haymaking is one of the un-
of land on the sand ridge a mile from usual sights seen by the newcomer at
town, paying $6.50 an acre for it. Vero. Florida hay grows all the year
Today, with an eight-acre orange 'round and may be cut at any time.
and grape fruit grove on his farm, he Haymaking was in progress on the
values it at $40,000 and is not anxious Indian River Farms Company's dem-
to sell, even at that price. Three onstratlon farm early in March for the
years ago, when his oldest trees were second time this year. A crop of Para
only nine years of age, he refused an grass was cut and stored in the barn
offer of $23,000 or the place. for feed. A previous crop had been
This ear Mr. Roberts received cut from a part of the land in January
$4,192 for his five acres of grape fruit and the rst crop was taken from the
and has a good many boxes left to remainder. op was taken from the
sell at high prices when the seasons s probably the best of
grows latenjoying an independent the numerous hay crops that the land
Although enjoying an independent at Vero is capable of producing. It
income from his eight-acre grove, Mr. yields as much as twenty-four ons of
ioberts is setting out more trees on hayeldsto the acre ana in the spring and
his home place and has purchased sy to ca be cut once a month. The
forty acres on the Indian River Farms s r cis not so rapid during the win-
Company's tract, where he will estab- growth s not so rapid during the win-
lish another grove. ter. Para grass rivals timothy in feed-
ing qualities and its rapid and prolific
growth makes it particularly desira-
Guests at Sleepy Eye Lodge can now ble for the small farmer who does not
Guests at Sleepy Eye Lodge can now ^ir to dev muc ground ^ row-
obtain a drink of artesian water with- desire to devote much ground to grow-
out walking to the flowing well half a ing hay for feeding his stock.
block distant. The well has been con-
nected with the hotel reservoir, pro- After spending most of the winter
viding a water system at absolutely at Vero, Fred M. Crane, who has the
no expense. An inch and a quarter contract for the north drainage project,
pipe attached to the well will maintain departed for his home in Council
a four-foot water level in the big tank Bluffs, Iowa, March 18. He was ac-
above the hotel and furnish enough companies by Mrs. Crane, their son,
water to supply the house as well as Ward, and neice, Miss Catherine
for sprinkling purposes. The hotel wa- Crane. Before leaving Mr. Crane made
ter supply has been drawn from a shal- a number of improvements at his cot-
low well by a gasoline engine. A good tage, which is occupied by Mr. Frank
sized flow continues from the artesian Higgins, his superintendent. Cocoanut
well and those who prefer to drink the trees, rose bushes and other shrubbery
water as it comes from the ground can were set out in the lawn and a cement
do so as in the past. walk was built out to the sidewalk.
Not only does Vero have the prom-
ise of a prosperous future as a result
of the development work being done
by the Indian River Farms Company,
but she is the possessor of a most
A never-failing source of interest,
especially to newcomers, are the shell
mounds opposite Vero on the strip of
land that separates, the Indian river
from the ocean. At this point is lo-
cated the burying place of a prehis-
toric race of people, concerning whom
local tradition tells nothing. Even the
Indians can throw no light on the sub-
ject. An anthropologist should be able
to find a fruitful field here.
But a small amount of digging is re-
quired to uncover the remains of the
race that once had their being along
the Florida coast, and selected this as
one of the places to deposit their dead.
Many of the skulls are in a fair state
of preservation, but only fragments re-
main of most of the other bones. The
skulls are of the Indian type and the
teeth are ground flat, indicating that
they subsisted largely on grain. The
huge piles of oyster, mussel and clam
shells near the burying mounds show
the source of a part of their food sup-
ply. Tons of the shells have been
hauled away for surfacing roads and
tons more remain.
A few articles of baked pottery have
been found among the skeletons and a
stone zelt or kind of hunting knife was
dug up not long ago. No other stone
like that from which the zelt was fash-
ioned now exists south of Canada.
The vicinity of Vero offers as inter-
esting a field for the geologist as for
the anthropologist. In cutting the
main canal near the spillway the
dredge bucket uncovered a veritable
mine of geological remains, even older
than the prehistoric men who lie
buried on the opposite side of the
river. I. M. Wild, a Vero man, has
collected a large number of these
bones. Some of them he forwarded to
tne state geologist at Tallahassee, who
identified them as the remains of an
elephant, a mastodon, an animal sim-
ilar to the sloth and a lizard-like rep-
tile, remains of which have been dis-
covered in South America. All of
them lived in the latter Paleozoic age,
the last of the geological ages. The
strangest feature of Mr. Wild's find
was his discovery of a bone from a
bird's wing and a deer horn mixed
with the other remains. At another
place Mr. Wild dug up several masto-
don vertebrae and others have been
found at the same place. He expects
to continue his investigations and will
make an effort to have the state geol-
ogist go to Vero for a personal in-
spection of the strange forms of ani-
mal life which formerly inhabited this
part of Florida. J. HILL.
Dr. E. E. Rollins was up from Fort
Pierce Monday to examine candidates
for the new Ben Hur Court organized
here last week. By starting with a
membership of 50 this court will re-
ceive a free set of officers' regalia.
E. B. Walker sold his fruit crop to
a St. Louis concern this week, receiv-
ing $2.75 a box for grapefruit and
,2.00 a box for oranges.
Prospects for a big fruit crop in this
vicinity were never better than they
are at present. Growers say they have
never seen the trees so full of bloom.
Fears that they would be affected by
the dry weather were dissipated by
the heavy rains of Saturday and Sun-
lay, which also proved a great bless-
ing to the vegetable growers.
J. M. Jones has received notice of
his appointment as postmaster at Vero
and he will succeed J. L. Knight in the
office as soon as his commission ar-
The easiest money made this year
by J. L. Knight, who conducts a gen-
eral store at Vero, was from his grape-
fruit grove. Mr. Knight received $765
for the crop from 88 trees, covering a
little less than an acre. He sold his
fruit was $2.12% a box on the trees,
which means that the purchaser
picked, packed and shipped them. Mr.
Knight's grove is eight years old and
it now requires practically no atten-
N. O. Penny has 1,500 boxes of late
grapefruit in his grove at Vero, for
which he expects to receive from $5
to $l a box. They will be ready to
ship in June. Mr. Penny makes a
specialty of off-season fruit and he has
to his credit an early shipment of 100
boxes, which brought him $556. Three
acres of five-year-old grapefruit trees
in Mr. Penny's grove were so full of
bloom this spring that he is counting
on 2,000 boxes from them next year.
W. T. Humiston has returned to his
home in Cleveland, Ohio, after spend-
ing several weeks in Vero and will
come back in the fall to begin develop-
ing a 120-acre tract purchased from
the Indian River Farms Company. Mr.
Humiston is associated with his father
in the operation of large farms in Ohio
and New Jersey. He is strongly im-
pressed with the agricultural possibili-
-ties of this section and expects to en-
gage in stock raising.
A quick piece of bridge building was
performed here last week when the
floating dredge, which is building a
dike around the north half of the In-
dian River Farms Company tract,
crossed the Fort Drum road. The
bridge frame was put together before
the dreage started to cross the road
Friday morning, and by night it was
open for traffic.
Eli Walker surprised Vero a few
days ago by driving through town in
a new automobile.
Mr. Walker's little gray pony and
high buggy have long been one of the
familiar sights in Vero and they are
known to almost everybody who has
visited the Indian River Farms Com-
pany's lands. Although about every
other fruit grower in the vicinity
drives an automobile, Mr. Walker de-
clared that a horse and buggy were
good enough for him. But when the
company completed a hard road all
the way to his farm, he succumbed,
and the gray pony is now for sale.
C. V. Post of St. Louis has moved
into his new house on his Vero farm.
Mr. Post is a confirmed bachelor, but
this did not deter him from building
a house and moving onto his farm. W.
E. Patton of Bedford, Ind., and J. F.
Wycoff of Davenport, Ia., who own ad-
joining farms, are living with him.
Among the recent improvements at
the company's demonstration farm are
a new help house, which will house
J. T. Mayfield has started develop-
ment work on his forty acres four
miles west of Vero. Mr. Mayfleld will
return to his home at Tulsa, Okla.,
soon to arrange to bring his family to
Vero to reside.
You're standing still if you're not advertising.
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 7
E. D. Ingham, a Lincoln, Neb.,
banker, started in life as a farmer, but
he thought he was weaned away from
the soil until he went to Vero and saw
the Indian River Farms Company's
It didn't take him long to decide
that he wanted a farm in Florida, and
being a man of action, he selected
eighty acres of raw land and paid for
it on the spot. Then, instead of go-
ing home to wait until the country be-
came more settled, Mr. Ingham started
in to transform his eighty acres into
an up-to-date farm.. He bought a
wagon and a team of mules and hauled
out lumber for a barn. While building
the barn he lived in a rough shelter
made from the lumber. When the
barn was completed the banker and
his carpenter moved into the loft and
lived there until his house was fin-
Witn an attractive house to live in
and a comfortable barn for his mules,
Mr. Ingham began to whip his land
into shape. Besides fencing most of
his land, clearing a portion of it, set-
ting out three acres of tomatoes and
preparing ten acres for fruit trees, Mr.
Ingham has found time to earn $90
plowing and hauling for neighboring
farmers. Only two working days have
been lost since Mr. Ingham began de-
veloping his place and then he and
his man were kept indoors by rain.
Mr. Ingham thinks so well of the
Indian River Farms Company's land
that when an opportunity came to buy
ten acres across the road from his
eighty-acre tract, he immediately em-
The experience of the Lincoln
banker constitutes a valuable lesson
for the tired business man. Mr. In-
gham's business judgment tells him
his undertaking is a profitable invest-
ment, but better than that is the
pleasure it has given him. He de-
clares he has had the time of his life
in Florida and the knowledge that he
is developing a farm that will be a
credit to the state and a testimonial
to its great agricultural possibilities
is a greater source of satisfaction than
will come from his profits in dollars
Mr. Wm. C. H. Heuck of Davenport
went snipe hunting at Vero, Florida.
Very meager news advises us that the
catch was simply marvelous. This no
doubt places "Billy" in Class "A" as
a snipe hunter. While "Billy" had
lots of help in the hunt, we are au-
thentically advised that it was "Bil-
ly's" party and that his "bag" was the
best of the season.
Vero Court, No. 8, Tribe of Ben Hur,
was organized on the night of March
17 and on the following night the new
organization gave a benefit dance at
the Vero hall, which was largely at-
tended. Thirty-two memberships were
received the opening night and the
court starts with the promise of a
most successful future. C. E. Wilkin-
son, state manager of the order, was
present from Jacksonville. The court
elected officers as follows: Past chief,
O. Roach; chief, Ralph P. Hayes;
judge, F. M. Smith; teacher, Mrs. Lela
Long; mother, Mrs. O. Roach; scribe,
H. L. Conway; keeper of tribute, Miss
Luba King; master of ceremonies, J.
H. Huey; Ben Hur, Kenneth C. Hus-
ton; Arrius, J. C. Rogers; Tirzah, Miss
Mattie Tooten; captain, Quintius
Bobo; guide, Walter Kitching; keeper
of inner court, Miss Mary Roberts;
keeper of outer court, J. W. Knight;
physician, Dr. E. E. Rollins.
St. Patrick's Day was celebrated in
Vero with an alligator hunt, which was
enjoyed immensely by everybody but
the "gator" and "Tony" Young, one of
whose lots was extensively dug up in
the search. But the "gator" had the
last laugh. After spending one day as
the first attraction in the Seminole
Park zoo, he climbed over the fence
of the enclosure that had been hastily
constructed to receive him and made
off to dig him a new hole.
A gang of workmen engaged in
clearing Mr. Young's lot discovered
ithe alligator's cave and loud grunts
and roars issuing from the interior
indicated that it was inhabited. R. P.
Hayes immediately organized a hunt-
ing party. After much digging, which
was participated in by most of the
male population of Vero and watched
by a large part of the female contin-
gent, Mr. Gator was drawn to the
mouthof his hole by a hook attached
to a long pole and a rope was slipped
around his neck. After being dragged
into the open he was carried to a pen
SLATE GRAPEFRUIT for April to July
market assured the planter of Bowen,
Florida, Standard and Marsh Seedless
varieties. Sold reasonable prices for
A No. 1 stock at
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES,Tangerine, Fla.
Write for catalog
that had been built of chicken wire at
the side of the artesian well. He hid
under a board all day, but when night
came and Vero was asleep he quietly
climbed over the fence and hurried
Fifteen years of successful vegeta-
ble growing at Vero has convinced
Frank Ayres that this part of Florida
stands on a par, if it does not surpass,
any other agricultural section in the
Not only has Mr. Ayres made a suc-
cess at Vero, but he believes every
other man who goes there has an op-
portunity to do the same.
"One of the big advantages of this
section is the great variety of crops.
that can be produced here at a profit,"
he says. "The farmer here does not
need to connne himself to one or two
crops. He can make money growing
nearly all kinds of vegetables and
cane, corn, cotton and hay as well. I
believe that sugar cane can be made
to yield an average profit of $300 an
acre and $400 can be realized from
Bermuda onions. They can be grown
as successfully here as any place in
"My crop from 1% acres of English
peas this year brought me $608. I
shipped 152 crates, which sold for an
average price of $4 a crate. The big-
gest watermelon I ever saw was grown
on my farm. It weighed eighty pounds
and sold for $1.25."
Three brothers, James, Louis and
Charles Harris-all native Floridians
have demonstrated convincingly what
can be accomplished by intelligent
farming at Vero.
They started in business for them-
selves about twenty years ago without
a dollar in the world and in debt. To-
day the three own 225 acres of good
land near Vero and are adding to their
holdings every year.
"The only mistake we ever made in
land in this locality was to sell it,"
Vegetables and pineapples have been
their main sources of revenue. They
have 2,000 grapefruit trees, 500 of
which are in bearing. This year's
fruit crop netted them $3,000.
Charles Harris is the most extensive
vegetable grower of the three.
"My average profits from tomatoes
are $500 an acre and beans have net-
ted me an average of $100 an acre,"
he says. "Sweet potatoes bring me
$200 an acre and I have made $250 an
acre on Irish potatoes. Energy and
common sense are the only things
necessary to make a success of farm-
Among the recent purchasers of an
Indian River farm and living within a
few miles of Vero, are three ladies
who are distinguished by their talents,
Mrs. M. J. Bartell, who has been
a well-known piano player in many of
New York's leading theaters and also
for the motion picture plays.
Mrs. Watts' pretty daughter, Miss
Leah Watts, who acted for the motion
pictures while in St. Louis, and who
is also a musician and sweet singer.
Mrs. M. J. Travis, who writes for
several well-known magazines and pa-
pers, and among them the Florida
Grower and Indian River Farmer. Mrs.
Travis also writes the Motion Picture
Plays and composes her own songs,
and three are now being published.
Eli Walker's eight-acre orange and
grapefruit grove at Vero netted him
$4,000 this year. His bearing trees
range from five to seven years of age.
"I expect the revenue from my
grove to increase $1,000 a year from
this time on, until it brings me from
$1,000 to $1,500 an acre," says Mr.
Mr. Walker owns 160 acres of land
in the heart of the Indian River Farms
Company's tract. His grove is con-
ceded to be the finest one in the vi-
cinity of Vero. The company still
owns hundreds of acres of land exact-
ly like Mr. Walker's.
March 20th, 1914.
Indian River Farms Co.,
609 Putnam Bldg.,
I have visited Vero and inspected
Indian River Farms, looked over the
drainage and road system and also
made a careful inspection of the soils,
all of which I found to be fully satis-
factory. I visited a number of citrus
fruit groves and pineapple fields in
and around this property and was
specially well pleased with the qual-
ity of fruit I found there. I consider
the climate of this section of Florida
to be ideal; altogether, I found Indian
River Farms fully as good and better
than I expected. I consider your
proposition one of merit.
Wishing you the success that you
deserve in this great undertaking, I
am, Sincerely yours,
(Signed) E. E. GENTZLER.
Readers of the Indian River Farmer will go to you, Mr. Advertiser, when they want something you have to sell.
8 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Do as Much Today as You Are Going to Do Tomorrow-
Luke McLuke S S S S S S S
MOTHER AND DAUGHTER RUN
Vero, Florida, April 3 1914.
As we are among the many satisfied
purchasers of Indian River Farms, I
will just drop a line to let you know
how we are prospering and to let you
know that some women are capable
of managing and running a farm alone.
On May the first we purchased a
twenty-acre tract of land near the
demonstration farm, and in December
after a few pleasant weeks spent at
Sleepy Eye Lodge (the cozy little ho-
tel here at Vero) I and my daughter
moved into our bungalow beneath the
pines in January, and started farming
in good earnest.
I purchased a horse and light wagon,
also a registered flock of 38 Rhode
Island Reds, which are doing well;
have built a small barn, also hen-
house and yard.
We have our tract all fenced,, and'
eight acres under cultivation, planted
as follows: Two acres of Rhodes
grass, two kinds of millet, 8,000 thriv-
ing tomato plants, also a splendid va-
riety of garden vegetables, and we in-
tend planting out our citrus fruit trees
as we go along,, later on.
I have done all of my own hauling
of lumber, fence posts, fertilizer and
household supplies; we did all of our
own harrowing and helped with all of
the hardest work and all of the over-
We will be pleased to talk to and
show our skeptical brothers or any one
who thinks or says that a woman is
not capable of running her own farm.
We are pleased and happy with our
purchase, and hope prosperous tract,
and have gladly exchanged a thriving
.business in the great dusty city for a
free and ideal spot in which to en-
joy God's beautiful handiwork, far
away from snow and ice.
And now with the southern fruits
and fields around us, the perfume of
the fragrant orange blossom mingled
with the aroma of flowers and the
fresh, gentle breeze from the Atlantic,
with our health and strength, what
.more could we ask?
I would like to thank the Indian
'River Farms Company's agents here
in Vero for their kind advice to us,
also for their courteousness extended
to myself and daughter while at the
hotel, and we will be proud to show
any would-be purchasers our humble
little cottage beneath the swaying
tropical pines at any time in the fu-
Wishing every success to the Indian
River Farms Company, I remain,
MRS. F. M. WATTS.
At an age when most men are ready
to retire from active life, Henry Ride-
nour went to Vero and started on one
of the biggest jobs of his long career
as a farmer and mine operator.
That was five months ago. Today
Mr. Ridenour has sixty acres of his
.60-acre farm under cultivation, with
excellent prospects of clearing enough
money from his first crops to more
than pay for his land.
.Visitors to the Ridenour place find it
difficult to believe that so much could
have been accomplished in so short a.
period of time. There is nothing to
indicate that the cultivated' portions
of the farm had never been touched
by a plow until last November. The
soft, mellow fields covered with rows
of tomatoes, beans, peppers, cabbage,
Irish potatoes, sweet potatoes and corn
bear eloquent testimony to the readi-
ness with which the land at Vero can
be brought under submission.
It was just a year as,, that Mr.
Ridenour, then sixty-nine years old,
made his first visit to Vero. He had
a lifelong experience as a farmer in
several states behind him, but at that
time was operating a gold mine in Col-
and tomatoes are planted side by side,
some of the rows being half a mile in
length. By the time the tomatoes are
picked the beans will be ready to bear.
Mr. Ridenour has twenty-five acres in
tomatoes and more than half as many
beans. In one field cucumbers are
planted with the beans and tomatoes.
A curiosity on the Ridenour farm is
a year-old grapefruit tree with a small
grapefruit on it. The tree was set out
W. B. Bohart. F. C. Burke.
Mr. Burke is manager of structural elevated railroads in the city ofr
Chicago. Photo taken in the E. C. Walker Grove, Indian River Farms, Vero,
orado. The condition of his health
made it necessary for him to seek a
lower altitude and reports of big op-
portunities in Florida led him to that
state. At Vero he found development
work on the Indian River Farms Com-
pany's 44,000-acre tract well under way
and most of the land awaiting settlers.
iis experienced eye quickly convinced
him of the quality of the land and
after looking over the tract for a loca-
tion that exactly, suited him, he pur-
chased a quarter section seven miles
northwest of Vero and 2/4 miles west
of Quay, which is his. shipping point.
Having ouilt- a house and barn he re-
turned to Colorado for his family and
in November they came back to Flor-
ida to live.
Since that time but few days have
been lost on the Ridenour place. The
entire farm has been fenced outbuild-
ings have been erected and the biggest
vegetable crop ever seen in tne vicin-
ity of Vero has been planted. Within
a month after their arrival the Ride-
nour family was eating vegetables out
of their garden. Plants and seeds
that were put into the ground sprang
into bearing almost over night. A
small patch of tomatoes set out near
the house were bearing fruit large
enough for use at the end of six
weeks. In his vegetable garden Mr.
Ridenour has tomato vines that, when
supported, stand as high as his head,
and he is six feet tall. Sweet pota-
toes, peas, beans, sweet corn, onions,
lettuce and radishes are some of the
other products of the Ridenour garden
that supplied the family table during
most of the winter.
Out in the fields the garden may be
seen reproduced on an extended scale.
Notwithstanding his large acreage Mr.
Ridenour believes in intensive farm-
ing, and wherever practical the same
land is made to produce two or even
three crops at the same time. Beans
by Mr. Ridenour when he first arrived
and it has had a remarkable growth.
He expects to begin setting out a
large grove next fall.
The Ridenour farm is the best exam-
ple on the Indian River Farms Com--
pany's tract at present of what can be
done by a practical farmer at Vero.
It has taken hard work, lots of it, to
accomplish what Mr. Ridenour has
done, but in no other place would the
same amount of work produce such
great results. Four o'clock in the
morning is the regular time for start-
ing the day's labors on the Ridenour
farm and Mr. Ridenour works harder
and longer than any other man on the
place. Strong of frame and rugged of
feature, he is the kind of a man who
does things in all walks of life, and
the type whose lives knock Dr. Osler's
theory into a cocked hat. Pioneering
presents no terrors for men of his
stamp. Mr. Ridenour served in the
union army throughout the Civil War
and had reached the rank of first lieu-
tenant when a wound caused him to
leave the army. But for the wound he
would still be a soldier, he declares.
In addition to being the biggest, Mr.
Ridenour is one of the most enthu-
siastic Vero settlers. He believes in
the future of Florida and the Indian
River district particularly.
"All we need to do is to work and
stick to it and success is assured, in
my opinion," he says. "The land and
the climate are here and the only thing'
needed is men to reap the benefit from
them. My advice to the settlers is to
keep a stiff upper lip until they have
given the country a fair trial. I have
made some mistakes and done things
which I would not do again. Any man
who attempts to farm in a country
that is new to him must expect this.
My crop prospects at present could
hardly be better and I am full of con-
fidence as to the outcome..'
In twelve years E. B. Walker has
made himself independent by growing
fruit and vegetables in the neighbor-
hood of Vero. During that time he
has acquired and paid for 415 acres of
good land, about 80 acres of which is
now cleared and under cultivation.
Mr. Walker is one of the most ex-
tensive and successful of the older
Vero farmers. He recently put down
artesian wells on two of his farms and
purchased an automobile.
One of the most significant facts in
connection with the development of
the Indian River Farm Company's
lands at Vero is the type of men who
are purchasing property there. A large
percentage of them are shrewd busi-
ness men or experienced farmers-
men who do not rush into a business
proposition blindly and are not likely
to be carried off their feet by first im-
The Indian River Farms Company is
not afraid to have men of this kind
go to Vero to investigate the property.
On the other hand it is making a spe-
cial effort to induce them to come.
The company believes that the better
business judgment a man has the
sooner will he recognize the value of
an investment in its lands.
That this assumption is sound has
been fully demonstrated and it is re-
sulting in the company's lands being
taken up by probably the most sub-
stantial class of purchasers that ever
became interested in a similar propo-
The excursion of March 17 was typ-
ical of the class of men who are buy-
ing land at Vero. It included such
men as D. Kennedy, superintendent of
the Colorado Light, Heat & Power
Company of Colorado Springs; James
K. Kennedy, a large wholesale paint
dealer of St. Louis; Thomas P. Daly,
of Carlinville, Ill., a member of the
Illinois State Senate and a practical
farmer and stock grower; William
Amerman and J. L. Marshall, large
retail grocers of St. Joseph, Mo.; F.
C. Burke, superintendent of a large
structural iron construction company
in Chicago; Dr. O. A. Olson of Con-
cordia, Kans., and E. Grast of the
Missouri Valley Trust Company, St.
These men purchased land and all
of them went away enthusiastic boost-
ers for Vero. They were not long in
deciding that the Indian River Farms
Company's proposition is a sound one
and that it is an investment which
they could not afford to overlook.
The type of men being brought to
Florida by the Indian River Farms
Company means much to the future
of the state. They are men who have
done things in their own communities
and are capable of equal accomplish-
ments amid the more favorable condi-
tions that Florida affords.
Vegetables have brought Mr. Walker
most of his money. Beans and toma-
toes are his principal crops. Four
acres of beans brought him $900 last
December and this is a fair indication
of his average profits. Recent experi-
ments with Irish potatoes lead Mr.
Walker to believe that they can be
grown as profitably at Vero as in any
other section of Florida, not excepting
the famous Hastings potato district.
Six acres of bearing orange and
grape fruit trees have also been a
big money maker for Mr. Walker and
he is etxending his grove as rapidly as
Readers of the Farmer will purchasethe goods herein advertised.
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 9
AS OTHERS SEE INDIAN RIVER FARMS
Chicago, Milwaukee 4 St. Paul Railway Company
Chicago, Ill., February 4th, 1914.
Mr. A. M. Hill,
My dear Mr. Hill:
We arrived in Chicago Saturday morning in the midst
of a very heavy snow storm, which was a great contrast to the beauti-
ful weather we experienced while in Floridas
I wish to thank you for the kindness shown us and your
efforts to make our stay while in Vero pleasant and afford us the oppor-
tunity we desired in securing pictures and seeing your land and want you
to know that we appreciate very much, the courtesies shown us by your-
self, Mr. Young and others.
Mr. Dennis made our stay in Palm Beach, St. Augustine
and Jacksonville much more pleasant than had we made these cities alone.
The pictures I got were no good from the fact that
I was an amateur instead of an expert photographer.
We were greatly pleased with our trip to Florida and
with your land; in fact I do not believe you have in any way exaggerated
the opportunities and the value of your lands.
Wishing for yourself, yr. Young and Judge Andrews
all success, I am
Yours very truly,
Asest Supt. of Terminals
Vero, Fla., March 23, 1914.
Mr. E. W. MacFarland,
My Dear Sir:
Some time ago you asked myself,
Mr. Alfred Ahlberg and Mr. Andrew
Seller and others to make a trip to
Vero, Florida, and look over the lands
of the Indian River Farms Company,
whom you represented. I did not think
about it very seriously, in fact,
thought your proposition was another
fake land proposition, but you insisted
on my coming so hard and I made the
trip down and want to say that I was
never more surprised in my life to
find such a splendid country and to
find so many of our people down in
this country who are raising fine crops
of oranges and grapefruit and pine-
apples and all kinds of farm truck,
and getting good prices for what they
They are entirely satisfied here and
they are not only making a good liv-
ing but they are saving money because
they can farm here the year around
and are able to get the very highest
prices, as they are getting their pro-
duce on the market when our people,
farther. north, are paying coal bills
and waiting for spring to come to be
able to go to work.
I can recommend these lands to any
of my friends, in fact, I am buying a
tract of it myself, in Section 24, Town-
ship 33, Range 39, which is near Mr.
A. O. Helseth and a number of other
Swedish people who are the most suc-
cessful citrus fruit and pineapple grow-
ers in this country.
I wish you every success and hope
that you will be able to get a number
of these Swedish people down here, as
I believe they can do much better here
than they can in the North.
(Signed) O. A. OLSON.
Residence, Concordia, Kans.
ORCHARD VIEW FARM.
Stock and Fruit.
Jerseys, Berkshires, White Wyan-
Proprietor, Dr. W. H. Humiston, 536
Rose Building, Cleveland, O.
Manager, W. T. Humiston, Wickliffe, O.
March 18, 1914.
The Indian River Farms Co.,
In February this year your Mr. Sex-
ton, while stopping in Cleveland, Ohio,
met me one day with the stories of the
wonderful possibilities of a farm he
had purchased from your company in
Having been a close friend of his
for several years and in the same busi-
ness, I knew I could trust in his judg-
ment, although the claims he made
seemed rather extravagant.
Thanks to our shorter growing sea-
sons of the North, I was able to get
away and make the trip to Vero, for
which I feel amply repaid.
On arriving I first saw the drainage
canal near the outlet and, looking on
the spoil banks, found that the dredges
had been bringing up marl and shell
testing from 16 to 50 per cent calcium
carbonate. In our cold and sour soils
of the North we are paying from ten
to fifteen dollars an acre every seven
to ten years to supply this one element
which no maximum crop can be raised
without. Later I covered nearly the
total length of the canal and did not
find a foot of spoil bank that did not
contain marl and shell. In fact, the
officials of the company assured me
that this valuable material underlies
every tract of the property.
The drainage work was being carried
on in a very extensive scale. Each forty-
acre tract in the property will have a
ditch and road, on one side of it. Ar-
tesian wells appeared on some of the
more improved farms, so between the
rainfall, the wells and the drainage,
the moisture content of the soil can be
controlled to a very fine degree.
The soil varies from a light sand
that the pineapple growers prefer,
through a yellow sand which produces
the excellent citrus fruits, to a dark
sandy clay loam and muck that will
grow anything that we have in the
North besides the Southern crops-
especially the winter truck crops I
found some of the wild grasses over
six feet high and wild vetch growing
During my stay I covered most of
the property and did not find a tract
that would not produce greater and
more valuable crops than my own sec-
The Government report shows 350
growing days for the past year and a
variation of from 60 to 92 degrees is
the average difference between winter
and summer for this section. This
appealed strongly to me, as I have
often experienced a greater range of
temperature between the rising and
setting of the sun.
The only remaining thing to con-
sider was the company back of the
project and whether they could carry
out their extensive plans. I am thor-
oughly convinced that they can and
With the location, soil, climate,
drainage and roads all considered, I
-do not know of a better place for a
farming investment in this country
and have rarely found a more friendly
and congenial people and climate.
I have selected 120 acres which, in
my opinion, is as good as any land in
the country and will start development
early next fall.
I wish to thank the company for
their courteous treatment in explain-
ing the proposition and taking me over
the tract, and especially Mr. Sexton
for telling me there was such a place
as Vero. Yours,
W. T. HUMISTON.
Vero, Fla., March 23, 1914.
Messrs. Kenyon & MacFarland,
We have been at Vero several days
looking over the holdings of the In-
dian River Farms Company, which you
Everything you told us about this
country is true; in fact, it is much
better than you told us.
We find a great many Swedish peo-
ple here who are very successful
growing oranges and grapefruit on
soils not as good as yours, and find
that they are the best pipeapple grow-
ers in the South. They are not only
making a good living on these lands,
but are making a lot of money."
It looks so good to us that we are
buying and advise anyone who would
like to make a good investment to buy
some of this land.
We wish you success.
We will be home within a few days
to tell you more about this country.
(Signed) ANDREW SELLER,
Mr. George T. Tippin, of Nichols,
Missouri, has purchased a forty-acre
tract in Indian River Farms at Vero,
Florida. Mr. Tippin served twenty
years as propagator and fruit grower;
was for twelve years buyer and ship-
per for a wholesale commission busi-
ness operating in twenty-two states.
During twenty years of this time, he
was a member of the executive board
of the Missouri State Horticultural So-
ciety and served during that time as
Secretary of that Society; also served
as Secretary of the Missouri State
Board of Horticulture; is an honor-
ary member of the American Pomo-
logical Society and at the present time
is Vice-President of this Society and
is also on the lecture department of
the Missouri State Board of Agricul-
We feel very confident that Mr. Tip-
pin will find in Indian River Farms
or in the tract that he purchased there
opportunities unknown to him in any
other section of the United States,
and thus we add to our long list of
fine developers one more man who will
help make that country what it is ca-
pable of being made. Mr. Tippin is a
man of very wide acquaintance and
very great experience, and no doubt
within a year's time will have a very
wide following of his friends and ac-
quaintances to Indian River Farms.
Men's Best Successes Come After Their Disappointments-
Henry Ward Beecher
ILet your courage be as keen, but
at the same time as polished, as
If you knew the results you would try it, Mr. Advertiser.
Re has not learned the lesson of
life who does not every day sur-
mount a fear.-Emerson.
10 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Master minds may study on the
proposition of what ails this country,
seeking the cause for a lack of pros-
perity and a business paralysis that
seems to have struck the northern
business world a blow that has
brought on dizziness, but the fact re-
mains, and is well known that Florida
is not suffering with any of the symp-
toms, the cause for which is being
Florida is one of the greatest users
of fertilizers of any State in the
Union, and it is most significant that
the greater the consumption of fer-
tilizer becomes, the greater is the
prosperity of her people.
It is not long since philosophers
spoke in almost poetic terms of the
man who could make two blades of
grass grow where but one grew be-
fore. That is no longer a modern
wonder. In Florida bounteous crops
are made to grow and mature by the
use of fertilizers, and without which
there would be naught.
The fact that there are many in the
business, and that many are of a high
order, and of much efficiency, should
not blind the people to the tact that
these institutions are in great meas-
ure responsible for the prosperity
which we now enjoy, and for which
we should be thankful.
Just as lawyers may excel in learn-
ing and in knowledge, physicians ex-
cel in their skill in surgery, and men
excel one another in the attainment of
proficiency in the various arts and
sciences, just so is it true that one
fertilizer may excel another in effi-
CITRUS FRUIT IN DEMAND.
The Kansas City Market Stronger-
Cranberry Season About Over.
Kansas City, March 6.-Trade in
fruits has been of better volume dur-
ing the past week, but as the offerings
were liberal few price changes were
noticed. Offerings of oranges from
Florida were the heaviest in some
time, but demand held up well and
they continued to bring a good pre-
mium over the California navels. The
latter sold at an advance of 10c a
box in some instances owing to an
improved demand. Lemons were no
higher in price, but the call showed a
marked improvement and general tone
to the market was firm. Very few
limes were available.' These were held
for $1.50 a hundred.
Trade in grapefruit was active at
steady prices. Offerings were fairly
liberal. A car of pines from Cuba, the
first of this fruit here for several
weeks, was offered for sale this week.
Call was fairly active around $2.50@
3.00 a case. Kumquats sold well when
fancy stock was available, but the
bulk of the light offerings was only
choice and trade was rather quiet.-
Grows anywhere, prolific producer, most lus-
cious taste. Keeps all winter. Only a limited
amount of seed for sale, so you will need to buy
now if you grow any next season. Small sample
package 10c; large package 25c; Descriptive
circular free. Burgess Seed & Plant Co.,
13 1. R., Allegan, Mich.
St. Petersburg Vitrified Brick Company
CAPITAL STOCK $25.000.00
BUILDING BRICK, PRESSED-BIICK, PAVING BLOCKS
OAAL 9 oD.A A iG^ycqu1,
t- ca Z ., .
IS REAL SUCCESS
Invention of Cocoa Man Will Be Wel-
comed by Those Clearing Land.
Grubbing palmetto roots will soon
be a thing of the past. A palmetto
rubber in the form of a peculiar look-
ing plow has been invented by a Mr.
Hart of Cocoa, and it does the trick
The Jackson-Luce-Gladwin Company
had a sample here ror some time, but
could not induce any one to try it un-
til this week, when Mr. Hard and Mr.
Demmer, who recently bought thirty
acres west of this city, bought it and
started grubbing out the palmetto on
Tuesday morning a number of peo-
ple visited the place where the work
was being done and all pronounced it
an unqualified success. An acre a day
can be cleared with one horse, where
it usually costs from $30 to $60 per
acre to have the land grubbed by hand.
Immediately after the demonstration
several orders were placed with the
dealers and they in turn placed an or-
der with Mr. Hart for the grubbing
plows, and soon the palmetto roots
will .e flying out of the ground in
every direction.-Ft. Pierce News.
Spring City, Tenn.,
March 30th, 1914.
Indian River Farms Co.,
609 Putnam Bldg.,
I have visited the greater part of
Florida, first taking in the West
Coast from near Ft. Myers to fifty
miles north of Tampa, and I have now
seen a great part of the East Coast,
have visited many groves and truck
patches, have examined the kinds and
character of the soil, have studied the
territories I have visited as to the
drainage necessary and the necessity
and possibility of such irrigation as
might be needed and, from all this, I
am of the opinion that the country
around Vero possesses more natural
advantages than anything I have seen
in the "Land of Flowers."
I have no object in writing this let-
ter. I have not yet bought anywhere
and am not under obligations to any-
one, but have told the truth as I have
(Signed) W. P. McDONALD, M. D.
"What is frenzied finance?"
"Financing your friends."
The new Melon. Not a watermelon-not a musk-
melon-but better than either. If you want to grow
any next season you better order seeds now, as the
supply is limited, and you may be unable to secure any
in the spring. Sample package of seeds lDe; large
package, 25e. Only a few at this price. Descriptive
circular free. Burgess Seed & Plant Co., 8 I.
R., Allegan, Michigan.
THE COLORADO SPRINGS LIGHT,
HEAT & POWER COMPANY.
Colorado Springs, Colorado.
April 1st, 1914.
The Indian River Farms Co.,
My dear Harris:
I arrived home Thursday, March
26th, from my trip south and through
eastern Florida. Harris, I stopped off
at about all the principal towns where
they are selling farming land. Walked
and rode through and by several or-
ange, grapefruit, pineapple and truck
gardens. Not being a farmer, I know
very little about land, but almost any-
one can tell a good looking grove
when he sees it. In my opinion, the
orange and grapefruit groves about
Vero compare favorably, if they are
not the best of any I saw in Florida.
The truck gardens I did not pay any
Vero was the last place I visited,
and I made up my mind that I did
not want any Florida land as an in-
vestment, but as I promised you to
stop off and see the 20 acres you had
picked out for me, I did so, and was
very much pleased to get to one place
where the agents did not want me to
buy on sight; in fact, I was not asked
to buy at all, and had to inform Mr.
Hill that I would take the 20 acres
south of yours. My trip was very
pleasant, and I think that Florida has
a great future. I am,
Very respectfully yours,
(Signed) D. KENNEDY.
Indian River Farmer readers want seeds, implements, stock, lumber, etc. Who gets their business?
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER .. 11
FLORIDA NEEDS POULTRY.
There is no country better adapted
to the production of poultry than is
Florida. This state has the climate
and every condition that goes to mak-
ing poultry raising profitable.
There are many poultry producers
in the state, and every one of them is
making a profit out of it. There is
room for thousands more. In Duval
county alone, within a radius of fif-
teen miles of Jacksonville, there could
be located 10,000 families who would
do nothing but produce poultry and
eggs, and sell them through Jackson-
ville dealers to be shipped to northern
markets, and all of them get rich.
The past winter saw prices for poul-
try and eggs go to unheard-of heights.
There was never a time when eggs
cost so much money, or poultry in
greater demand at greater prices.
There isn't a likelihood that there will
be any lower prices, or any lessened
demand for poultry or poultry prod-
ucts within the lifetime of the present
generation. Before prices go lower
they will go higher. The man with a
poultry farm has something more in
demand than the maker of an automo-
bile or the president of a bank.
Poultry growing in many Northern
states has been reduced to a science.
There are more people making money
out of poultry than almost any other
line, getting a steady income the year
'round. In northern countries it costs
much more for six months of the year
to raise poultry than it costs in the
South. Records show that the per-
centage of hatching eggs in Florida
is greater than in northern states.
They show that the loss because of
weather conditions is smaller in Flor-
ida than in northern states.
Florida is just as accessible to mar-
hbt as 'Indiana. Chickens can be
sbtp'a fr~i .-thi. ltte'to New York
by water for less than they can be
shipped to the same market from In-
diana by rail. The Florida poultry
raiser can net more from his fowls
sold, in New York than the Hoosier
can net for his. Yet Indiana produces
twenty times more poultry under more
adverse, conditions than Florida can
KEEP THE HENS BUSY
(A Poetic Tribute to Poultry.)
Tell me not in mournful language
Poultry is an idle dream;
All one needs is perseverance
To make things as they seem.
hens are faithful, bright and earnest,
And to eat is not their goal,
But to pay for care and rations
When the weather's bleak and cold.
Not in laziness and languor
Will they idly sit around;
Just provide them plenty scratching,
Keep them off the damp cold -round.
In the world's broad field of action,
In the labyrinth of life,
Keep the poultry ever foremost,
Be a power in the strife.
Trust no future, though 't be pleasant,
Trust thy poultry work instead.
Act-act in the living present-
You'll be winner far ahead.
Let us then keep trust in poultry,
With a heart for any fate,
Still achieving, still pursuing,
Learn to labor and to wait.
-Mrs. Oliver T. Payne, in Practical
Money slips through the fingers so
easily and smoothly that it doesn't
even wear blisters on them.
A "BURN-OUT-ABLE" POULTRY
Building Made of Concrete-Can Be
Burned Out Whenever Necessary
to Clean-Desirable Types for
A very clever idea of a poultry
house is given in the Farm and Fire-
side by Gladys V. Holden. Read what
"I have always liked chickens, but
have objected to the conditions of the
average poultry house. We have solved
the problem by erecting a concrete
house. It has not one faulty feature.
It is absolutely free from drafts. Rats,
skunks, and foxes cannot get in, and,
there being no cracks or crevices,
lice, bedbugs, and other vermin are
unknown. When we want to clean it,
we spray it with oil and burn it out.
In the yard there is a small concrete
drinking trough which aids greatly in
keeping away cholera and roup.
"The dimensions of the house are
12 by 20 feet. It is seven feet high
in front and five feet high in back
and houses 50 fowls. The house has
a shed roof. This allows the windows
to be placed high up, thus enabling
the sun to penetrate to every corner
of the room. This shed roof also
throws all the rain to the back of the
house. The house has a southern ex-
posure and the door is at the end
of 'the house. A roof sloping to the
north is Wiuch cooler in summer,, as
the roof is not exposed to the vertical
rays of the sun. The windows are
screened instead of using glass, this
being not only cheaper, but far more
satisfactory. There is a burlap cur-
tain at each window which can be
let down and securely fastened. If
the house is correctly built, there is
no danger of dampness. Contrary to
the general belief, a concrete floor is
very dry when properly made. The
floor will not be chilly or hard on the
feet of the fowls if it is kept well
covered with litter.
"The mixture used consisted of one
part Portland cement, two and one-
half of sand and five parts of stone
"The cost, as near as we can esti-
mate it, was $42.75. We have used
it for over a year with entire satis-
Thousands of people have come to
Florida the past winter to investigate
and invest. Most of them will remain
to develop and add to the products of
the state. One man who comes to pro-
duce and develop is worth a dozen
tourists who come to get the benefit of
our climate for a few weeks or months,
and are gone.
Florida has been enjoying strawber-
ries all winter. She has also been en-
joying an income from this delicious
fruit, which has been shipped to
Northern cities and sold at fancy
prices. There is room in Florida for
a million more growers of strawber-
Ocklawaha Nursery trees of
Valencia Late Orange, every one
perfect, and budded from best
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES,Tangerine, Fla.
Write for catalog
POULTRY IN FLORIDA.
By M. A. Bunnell.
Did you ever visit the home of a
"chicken crank"? They are varied and
many. One bright crispy winter morn-
ing I visited a "chicken crank" in In-
diana and was invited to enter the
kitchen. His wife was an excellent
housekeeper, that was apparent at a
glance, the stove was polished, and the
kettle steaming on the fire was as
bright as the utensils hung up the
kitchen wall. A bright rag carpet,
fresh and clean, covered the floor, and
there was a round braided rug near
the pine table, whose top was white
from frequent scrubbings. Through
the clear panes of the window the sun
shone brightly on the snow outside,
and at one of the windows with its
freshly ironed white curtains there
bloomed a single bright red geranium
of which the wife was justly proud. I
noticed also that the wood-box was
covered with a white wall paper with
gilt veins upon it, probably left from
last spring's housecleaning. As I sat
on a split-bottom chair and glanced
around that cheerful room, I wondered
at the immense amount of home feel-
ing and charm that it contained, the
charm that many an elegant parlor
and living room lacks.
As the "chicken crank" removed a
pot from the stove, and left for the
poultry yard, the wife remarked: "I'll
swan! Hiram will cook small 'taters
and turnips for them chickens; I never
was very strong on turnips and I
don't like the smell."
"But his hens lay well, don't they?"
"Oh, yes," she replied. "They do lay
to beat the band, but I ain't so par-
ticular about eggs as some, and I'd
most as lief do without as to have
Hiram trackin' in an' out, and that
there incubator, he says, "won't work
nigh as well anywhere as in this here
I could understand that, for "Hiram
tracking in and out" admitted all the
fresh air the incubator needed, and
the warmth and humidity of the at-
mosphere, that caused the plant to
bloom on the window sill was also con-
ducive to' a good hatch.
I learned in later years that Hiram
made a success of his poultry busi-
ness, and the new 150-feet hen house
he built was fitted with a furnace
room in one end to heat the hot water
pipe system and to cook the hot mash.
Thrift, care and perseverance were in
evidence everywhere, and his sur-
roundings and methods, even then, al-
most spelled success. As I left him, I
drew a mental picture of the same
man in Florida, where he need not
trouble the good wife with his pots
to boil, as any one here would have
made a fire out of doors, like a true
frontiersman. It seemed to me as if
a fire there in the snow would have
been a treat, but there probably had
never been one, while they are com-
mon in the South.
No Florida poultry "crank" would
ever had the hardships to contend
with that he had, and as I trudged
through the snow I thought of Florida
as the poultryman's paradise.
I learned one remedy from the same
"chicken crank" that has stood me in
good stead ever since. Do not doctor
or give chickens medicine if it can be
avoided. Practice prevention instead
Always keep poultry supplied with
fresh pure drinking water, empty and
clean the vessels every morning and
use a little permanganate of potash
solution in the drinking water every
day in the year. Put one ounce of the
crystals in a quart glass jar or bot-
tle and fill with water, one ounce to
the quart. Put enough of this solu-
tion in the drinking water to color it
a claret color and no germs will sur-
vive. This is non-poisonous and its
regular use in the poultry yard will
go a long way towards preventing
losses and sickness. This has proved
cheap and effective for maintaining
health among poultry of all ages.
Scaly legs are caused by a form of
mites. It is contagious, but does not
spread rapidly. Dip the legs in a solu-
tion of lard and kerosene; it will effect
a cure in a few days. Some recom-
mend carbonated vaseline applied in
the same manner.-Miami Metropolis.
THE CLUCKIN' HEN.
The old gray hen has thirteen
chicks, and round the yard she claws
and picks, and toils the whole day
long; I lean upon the garden fence,
and watch that hen of little sense,
whose intellect is wrong. She is the
most important hen that ever in the
haunts of men a waste of effort made;
she thinks if she should cease her toil
the whole blamed universe would
spoil, its institutions fade. Yet vain
and trifling is her task; she might as
profitably bask and loaf throughout
the year; one incubator from the store
would bring forth better chicks, and
more than fifty hens could rear. She
ought to rest her scratching legs, get
down to tacks and lay some eggs,
which bring the valued bucks; but, in
her vain perverted way, she says, "I'm
derned if I will lay," and hands out
foolish cluks. And many men are just
the same; they play some idle, trifling
game, and think they're sawing wood;
they hate the work that's in demand,
the jobs that count they cannot stand,
and all their toil's no good.
(Copyrighted 1914 by George Mat-
THE NEW SOUTH.
"Oh! dearie, let us go to the South,"
old Count Charles Bozenta used to say
to his wife, Mme. Modjeska, when the
rigors of travel on the one-night stands
of the northern circuits had nearly
"But, Charlie," she would reply, "the
South is dead."
es, my love, I know, but she is
such a beautiful corpse!"
Well, tne South, theatrically speak-
ing is no longer dead. Mrs. Fiske
has found it alive and prosperous dur-
ing her tour there this season.
"The theatrical blight," she writes,
"which, I am told, has settled on the
theaters in the East this season, had
not affected the South and I noticed a
wonderful progress there. The audi-
ences were more brilliant than I had
ever seen them, and the cities had im-
proved wonderfully. Great hotels have
sprung up in nearly all the old places
where the hotels were proverbially ter-
rible, and now the South is really a
match for the North and East in many
ways. It was quite remarkable."-
Ocklawaha Nurseries, Home of Flor -
ida's best fruit trees, easily reached
from all parts of Orange, Lake, Semi-
nole, Osceola and Volusia Counties by
auto over hard surfaced roads, most
convenient for all planters and most
reliable in Florida. Write for catalog.
OCKLAWAHA NURSERIES,Tangerine, Fla.
The people settling in your midst won't know you if you don't advertise, Mr. Advertiser.
12 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
By LEE LATROBE BATEMAN
SMALL HOLDINGS IN FLORIDA
The tendency of the present age is,
for those who turn to Mother Earth
for their means of livelihood, to small
farms, rather than to large acreages.
In Florida this should, and I trust al-
ways will, be the desideratum of all
settlers, whether new or old.
Nor is this confined solely to Amer-
ica. The same idea, the same trend of
thought, exists among many of the
older civilized nations of the world,
especially in Great Britain and in
France, aand the preference for small
holdings is becoming daily more uni-
But the cause is not the same. In
Europe the old days of landlord and
tenant are fast' disappearing-that is,
the landlord of an immeasurable num-
ber of acres with an infinity of ten-
ants. It is a growing feeling of inde-
pendence-a word so dear to the Amer-
ican-that has gained root among the
peasant and tenant class. It is not a
revolution for independence, but an ev-
olution from dependency and the old
serfdom to greater freedom and indi-
viduality. So little by little the old-
time tenant is evolving into the owner
of the land he tills. He works for him-
self, not others, and what he earns
and gains by that work is for himself
In America the farmer has always
been more or less independent. His
gains and his losses are his own, and
he has been and still is our -greatest
pioneer. But until quite recent times,
as a class, he has never- been a good
farmer. He has never really gotten
out of the soil its full productivity. In
the old pioneering days land was
cheap, the horizon was broad, and the
aggregate of what he made was pro-
cured not from so much per acre, but
rather from so much per total amount
The really small yield per acre from
his crops, which the farmer seemed
only capable of raising, necessitated
many acres to reach a point, where
farming became a lucrative business.
It was quantity not quality that filled
the purse. Everything was on a large
scale except the profits per acre,
.which were exceedingly small.
Gradually, due in part to a better
understanding and a higher aim in
farming and due also to the teaching
of many an American school of agri-
culture, to the activity of experiment
stations, and to the support and scope
of investigations by the U. S. Depart-
ment of Agriculture, the lesson has
been learned that fewer acres well and
scientifically cultivated will in the end
pay better than many acres farmed in
a hap-hazard manner. In the end qual-
ity pays better than quantity.
But be all this as it may, what I
want to get down to is the question of
OF A LIFETIME
small holdings in preference to large
acreages in Florida. Nowhere else in
the whole of the United States can
more .money be made per individual
acre than in this state, and this is
especially the case in the citrus belt.
To earn this amount with any degree
of certainty each year, how many acres
would the northern, eastern or west-
ern farmer have to till and cultivate?
That is to say, an average farmer on
an average farm. In those sections of
the country it is quite an exception-
ally good farm that would, year in and
year out, yield to the owner $40 per
acre revenue over and above all ex-
penses. It would be better to count
on not more than $20 an acre, clear
net profit. A farmer, then, must have
at least 100 acres from which to be
certain of an annual income of $2,000,
and in those climates no one knows
better than the farmer himself what
strenuous labor it entails to approxi-
mately even reach that amount.
Ten acres in Florida are equivalent
to 100 acres in the North, East and
West, for if properly and intelligently
farmed, the annual net income, clear
and above all expenses, from such
acreage, should easily reach $200 an
This is by no means an excessive
estimate. On the contrary, it is based
on figures showing facts and yields per
acre considerably in excess of this
amount. But it is based on the suppo-
sition that each acre will yield at least
two crops in a twelvemonth. Three
and sometimes four crops are obtained
from one acre of land without any
special call for extra strenuous labor.
Elsewhere in the Union this feat is
As an illustration of a three-crop
rotation on a farm of ten acres devot-
ed just simply to farm crops, leaving
out for the moment the question of
fruit culture. Commencing in May or
June, with the summer forage crops,
the owner can raise at the very least
one to one and a half tons of hay to
the acre, besides a considerable
amount of forage for stock if he has
any, but of this it would not be out
of the way to estimate seven tons of
hay for sale, which, at $20 a ton (a
low average price), amounts to $140
ready cash without taking into account
the value of what he has used up for
his own requirements, nor the esti-
mated value the crops will have had
as soil renovators and improvers. So
we will consider the $140 net profit.
Next, he can get in two crops of veg-
etables, early and late, as for instance,
lettuce followed by tomatoes. It would
be-a poor crop of lettuce that wouldn't
net him $150 an acre, and a worse
crop of tomatoes that wouldn't give
him a hke amount. What does this
total up to? Three hundred and four-
teen dollars an acre. Ten acres are
enough if you keep at it and have the
There are so many combinations pos-
sible both regarding the various crops
and their rotation, and relative to sub-
division of even ten acres, that it
would be impossible to treat them
within the space of a weekly article.
In fact, there is material enough for a
book. We can, however, consider one
of the many subdivisions feasible to a
10-acre tract. This is one-half vege-
table and the other half citrus culture.
I mentioned earlier in this article
the item of life insurance that is prob-
ably or should be one of the many
calls on a mian with a family. With a
citrus grove you not only have an en-
dowment policy, but you have an an-
nuity for old age, and furthermore a
secured income for life for those you
leave behind and for their children's
Still keeping to our ten acres, we
can subdivide these into two halves-
one for citrus fruit, one for vegetables.
Five acres in citrus fruit will com-
mence to yield considerable revenue
after the fourth year. It is true there
is a waiting time of three years, but
that is not long, and in the meantime
we'have as before the whole ten acres
under grass for hay, say $14 to $20 an
acre net and clear. For the first three
years we can have at.least eight acres
under vegetables, which should net
$1,600 to $2,000 a year. After the third
year we must be content with five
acres in vegetables, netting, say $1,500
(this is not out of the way), and five
acres in grove, netting the fourth year
some $200 an acre or say $1,000, but
with an ever increasing revenue year
by year. A grove in its tenth year
should yield a net revenue of $500 to
$600 an acre or even more.
Here is your insurance; here is your
old age annuity; here is your pro-
vision for your family, and your grand-
children. What other state in the
Union can offer such opportunities,
such certainties for easily gained live-
lihood; And with it all your home.
This is indeed the climax. Your
home. No rent, no need for mort-
gages, no interest. With such a reve-
nue assured any mortgages raised or
capital borrowed with which to make
the start can soon be paid off and
after that comes the supreme satisfac-
tion of untrammelled ownership. All
you have, all your surroundings are
yours, your own possession, disputed
by no one.
Our readers need your goods. Let them know about it.
Put Your Shoulder to the Wheel
e, Fla., Feb. 16, 1914.-(To the to work with as we have in our days,
a Grower)-Many newcomers also remember that Abraham Lincoln
or people venturing into Florida was once a farmer lad; put your shoul-
ut a few hundred dollars, and der to the wheel and if at first you
of them with much less means, don't succeed, try, try again. Now,
ng it is enough perhaps to get tnen, if you should happen to run en-
with, as they term it, to start a tirely short of money and get down to
and make a home. the bread-and-butter end, there are
e is where the new settler is up your neighbors, who are sometimes a
t it, for after he arrives here little better fixed than you are at preb-
must be a small home for the ent, who will want some extra help
outbuildings, also provisions fencing, grubbing, building and ditch-
Scrop can be raised, and a good ing, and while your first crop is grow
f hard work before the ground ing you can always have a few days'
sape to plant, which takes at work to spare for the cash it will
three months of faith athful labor bring, which will add to the mite re-
ee of these people do not stop to I have heard and talked to old Flor-
er.l The raw ground should be idians who settled here a number pf
I up and left to the sun and air years ago with much less cash than
e to sweeten before planting, or the new settlers of the present time,
led lightly with lime, which is and who have made a grand success,
tter for the new land, then again some of. them had the small sum of
perhaps come in with no horses, $13 after their fare was paid to dei-
le consequences are they must tination, and they are just the ones
11 plowing and harrowing done, who have made good.
; the land ready, which again I would suggest to all those that di
on the small account, not find an orange grove awaiting
e of them bring their horses and them on their arrival, to stick tothe
along and nothing to feed them ship, and, lo! a few years go by and
Sthe wild grass, which of course the citrus grove dreamed of and
Enough, for a working team planned for is yours at last.
have their grain. After the Remember every dollar you put inmp
a in shape to plant there is the your land will double and treble in the
oer to buy, also their plants and crop you take out, and while we live
in this God-given country of flowers
a sure if they come with good and birds, water and sunshine all tie
and intentions of making Florida year round, surely we have the season
tome they can, if they will (for and none could be better, and while
there is a will there is a way) our northern relatives are burning
good, even if their bank account their money up in wood and coal to
up into the thousands, keep themselves warm, and their lands
)uld suggest to those who come are covered with snow and ice, we are
ith small means to build a small planting our crops and enjoying the
just enough to live comfortably blessed privileges of an ideal climate.
il better can be afforded. Gto A poem is running through my mind
and clear and plow enough to from somewhere out of.the past; affl
one or two acres of tomatoes, I think it would be a good thing to re-
le other crop which does well in member by those who are easily i4-
.w land, fertilize this thoroughly lined to be discouraged:
iake a big success of this crop,
yhen this is sold or shipped you Smile and the world smiles with you,
at in a second crop immediately, Knock and you knock alone,
rith the money from the first- For the cheerful grin will let you in,
g get your trees and shrubs here the kicker ws never known.
et them in the same place be-
the rows of tomatoes, or what- Groan and the way looks dreary,
ou wish to plant next. Laugh and the path looks bright,
ou cannot get 100 trees at a For the welcome smile brings sunshine
get a dozen; be content to pur- while-
them in small lots, and it won't A frown shuts out the light.
g until you can have your foot
First rung of the ladder, and Kick and there is trouble brewing,
st will be easy. Whistle and life will be gay,
[ember, that our fathers and And the world's in tune like a day in
fathers were settlers once like June,
ses, and did not have one-half And the clouds will roll away.
means or the machinery or tools SUBSCRIBER.
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 13
JOHN TAYLOR, FACTORY HAND, VS. OLD AGE
The following is a letter received
from John Taylor; we thought it so
far-reaching and of so great impor-
tance to the many who are in the
same position today as John Taylor,
that we decided it would be of inter-
est to out readers, and therefore pub-
lish John Taylor's letter and our an-
swer to the same.
The man who tills the soil or spends
his days in the country gets into closer
toucn with the real and vital things
of this life, for it is for him that the
birds sing and the trees blossom and
the seed sown in the well-plowed field
ripens into golden grain. The man
of the city will find the way to health
and contentment through seed time
Indian River Farms Co.,
Your letters and adv. matter recd.
For your information I will state that
I am a factory worker and have been
for 30 years.
By dint of careful saving I have
been able to rear a family and have
accumulated $2500 in the savings
bank. This is a nest egg we intended
to place in a home. Now, I realize
that I am not as able to work now
as was when I first went into the
factory. it is inevitable that soon some
younger man will take my place. What
then? If I have a house and lot paid
for I do not have to pay rent, 'tis true.
But what about the living for the fam-
I should net write you regarding this
except that there are literally thou-
sands here in the city situated as I
am. I want you to tell me candidly
and frankly whether you believe that
I would better purchase an Indian
River Farm and whether you hon-
estly believe, if I put $2500 into one
of your ten-acre tracts, that is, in
purchase price and improvements, that
it will make my family and myself a
living and a home in our old age.
Do not answer me without giving the
matter your careful consideration, as
this is a matter of great importance to
hundreds of others as well as myself.
The best I can figure from what in-
formation I can gather is that I should
in five years have an income of no
less than $1200 per year and that I
could reasonably expect this income
to increase until it reached $3000 or
,tO00 per annum. Am I right? If I
am, the problem of thousands of me-
chanics is solved.
We desire to so arrange that our
old age can be spent amid peace and
plenty. We can hardly hope for more.
What we are looking for is just
enough to live comfortably on. I see
the men who were in the factory when
I came let out every day and younger
men take their places. Some of them
are janitors, some street sweepers,
some more mow lawns in the summer
time and shovel snow in the winter.
This is what we want to guard against.
The question is how? Your proposi-
tion looks good; maybe it's the solu-
tion. I hope so.
Please answer fully.
To John Taylor, Factory Hand:
You are today thinking as thousands
of other men in your position in life
are thinking; they see the handwrit-
ing on the wall. Younger men are
coming forward to take their places.
It is not going to be long until you
are not needed in that factory.
But as you say you have raised a
family and have accumulated by care-
ful savings $2500, which you call your
nest egg and which you say you in-
tended to place in a home. I say to
you, "Place it in a home," but make
the home in a country which is beau-
tiful to live in, where the sun shines
a greater percentage of the 365 days
in the year than it does in any other
section of the country. Where you
can be outdoors without your coat on
in the winter time just the same as
you can in the summer time. Where
the birds sing to you and the roses
talk to you with their fragrance.
You say you realize that you are
not as able to work now as you were
when you first went into the factory;
you mean that you are not able to do
the factory work. How many years
do you suppose you can put on to
your life by going into the country
I am telling you about, where you can
be outdoors practically all the time,
where you can enjoy that which Na-
ture intended you to enjoy, where it
won't be a constant, steady grind from
seven in the morning until six at
night every day and Sunday, but
where you will be your own boss.
Years ago, away back in 1849, there
was a gold excitement in California.
California at that time was practi-
cally a barren waste; men got the
gold craze, they started across this
immense country in a prairie schoon-
er; they knew when they started that
they would have to contend with all
kinas of hardships and would have to
fight Indians every step of the road,
but they had the nerve and the quali-
fications to win. They eventually got
there, and in a little over a half cen-
tury these men and their descendants
have built up a marvelous country, ar-
tificially-it was not naturally a beau-
tiful country. It has all been made
through the efforts of man, the man
with the energy and the stickumm,"
the man who was capable of putting
up with a lot of hardships, but in the
country I am talking to you about you
will not have any of that to con-
tend with, for there are no winters,
no great barren country to cross, no
Indians to fight; it is only a matter
of hours in getting to this country-
not a matter of weeks and weeks and
weeks. It is a country that is within
less tnan sixty hours of seventy-five
millions of the hundred millions of
people who live in the United States,
and on account of its close proximity
to this great population and to these
great markets it is termed The Win-
ter Garden of America, for it's the
section of the United states which is
to be depended upon for the growing
of citrus fruits the orange and the
grape fruit, for in that country is
grown the brightest, juciest, sweetest,
thinnest skinned orange in the world,
and in its grape fruit industry it has
no competition elsewhere in the
It was just a few years ago that
grape fruit was practically unknown,
but today is becoming universally
used. There are millions and millions
of acres of land in the United States
upon which to grow apples; compara-
tively speaking there are but a very
few acres on which to grow oranges
and grape fruit and this acreage is
never going to increase; this country
is not only suited to the growing of
citrus fruits, it is a cattle, hog, poul-
try and dairy country.
Cattle have green pasture twelve
months in the year and no hard win-
ters to stand, therefore no occasion
for their running off in the winter time
all the fat they have accumulated in
the summer time. An immense ton-
nage of forage crops can be produced
per acre on account of the 365 grow-
ing days in the year, but that is not
all. When this northern country is
frozen up, and the people are hun-
gry for fresh vegetables, we place be-
fore them, beginning about Christmas
time, potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers,
strawberries, lettuce, celery, peppers,
egg plant, and I could go on and enu-
merate hundreds of things which we
place in these northern markets at the
time of year when they command an
immense big price.
Knowing all these things, John Tay-
lor, don't you think that I can say to
you, candidly and frankly, that you
should purchase an Indian River Farm
of ten acres? This would cost you on
an average of $700, for our lands
range in price from $50 to $100 per
acre, and I am taking the general
average; that would leave you $1800
to build your home and develop your
acreage. With the balance you can
start in and build a little cottage
which would be suitable for you to
start with, for about $500. You un-
derstand, of course, that we don't need
to build against the cold, consequently
the majority of people just starting
in don't plaster their cottages. We
don't need any expensive heating ap-
paratus and building materials are
much cheaper than in the north, there-
fore the cost of building is very much
You could build a few outbuildings
suited for you to start with, fence
your lands, get them cleared, plowed
and ready for cultivation; you could
set a few acres the first year to or-
ange and grape fruit, using the bal-
ance of your land and in between the
trees for trucking purposes for produc-
ing tomatoes, potatoes, lettuce, celery,
etc., for these northern people when
they are willing to pay you a big price
for them. Then eaCh year you can
continue to add to your grove until
you have practically all of the ten
acres set to oranges and grape fruit
and various other tropical fruits.
These will start to bear for you and
the fourth year enough for them to
pay for themselves; the fifth year they
will start to pay you and each year
they will get better, paying you more
and more, and in a few years I think
you can be independent, for it is not
unreasonable to expect your grove to
pay you not less than $300 and from
that up to $1000 per acre per year
after full bearing.
The high cost of living today can
be attributed mostly to the few people
producing; too many of us are con-
sumers, too few of us are producers.
In conclusion, I say to you, John
Taylor, for health, wealth and happi-
ness, go to the farm in the country
whereof I speak.
Ocklawaha Nurseries at Tanger-
ine, Florida, for Genuine Carney
Parson Brown Orange trees,Early
Conner Seedless Orange trees.
OCKLAWABA NURSERIES,Tangerine Fla.
Write for catalog
The three greatest ever-bearers ever produced. Also a few
Northern Grown HARDY ENGLISH WALNUT trees forl
sale. Send today for descriptive circulars.
BURGESS SEED & PLANT CO.
18 I-R, ALLEGAN, MICH.
Don't miss the opportunity, Mr. Advertiser.
14 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
Forage and Grass Plants
Florida Can Lead the World in the Production of Hay
While all know that Florida, of all Equally important and valuable in The new sensational sweet hay
states in the Union, has shown the Florida is beggar weed, a legume, plant, Sudan grass, does well in the
most remarkable growth of fruits, Coming up in June in all cultivated state, and it will soon have a large
vegetables and tobacco culture, it is fields, re-seeding itself each year and following in Florida. It stools twenty
not so well known that she is far practically a perennial, good for hay, to forty stools per seed, grows six to
ahead of other states in her great or pasture, or green manuring, grow- ten feet high, three or four cuttings
wealth of forage and grass plants. ing eight feet high and making more of hay which cattle, through its sweet-
Time was when it was not thought than 40,000 pounds of green stuff per ness, eat ravenously, makes four and
possible to grow grass in the state. acre, and rich in feeding nutrients, one-half to six and one-half tons of
That seems a great while ago. Cer- niorida could not and does not want hay per acre and requires only five
tain it is that Florida is the richest any better crop than beggar weed. pounds of seed per acre, planted in
grass and forage state in the Union. In cow peas the wilt-resistant vari- the spring in eighteen to thirty-inch
So many of these grasses and forage eties, the Iron and the early two crop rows.
plants are, too, perennials-once Brabhams do well and serve best. In Bermuda, the perennial, does well
planted, always planted, and so many Florida the peanut (legume) which is too in the state, as do also the re-
are legumes and soil enriching, as much of a forage as a nut plant, is markable perennial and green-all-the-
Here is a partial list: The velvet just as much at home as in North year grasses, St. Augustine, St. Lucie
bean (legume) has its best habitat in Carolina or Virginia. Johnson grass and Carpet grass
Florida; Speckle Velvets, Whites, Ly- does well in Florida. So does the le- The two latest arrivals but firmly
ons, Early Yokohama and New Chinese. gume, kudzu. wished t latt aivas but firmly
And since the Yokohama ripen in A wonderful product whose best established hay plants in Florida are
September and mature as far north habitat is Florida, too, is Japanese itnodes grass and Natal grass-both
as North Carolina, Florida should sugar cane, a perennial with ten or from Africa. Rhodes is a perennial,
build up a good industry in growing fifteen stools or suckers from each the seeds are fine-five pounds. per
these beans for the latitudes farther joint of the stalk as planted, making acre in the sowing has yielded often
north where other velvet beans will ten or twelve tops of cane per acre, ten tons per acre and three cuttings.
not do well The Speckle Velvet, as good for forage or making fifteen gal- The Florida literature of this grass
is well known, produces more vine and Ions of finest syrup per ton. reads like fiction. Natal grass is called
stores more nitrogen in the soil than The African hob goober is also incorrectly in Florida Red Top. It re-
any other known plant. For winter adapted to the state, as also are chu- seeds itself, stools heavily-sometimes
grazing and for humus making and fas. Teosinta, fifteen feet high, stool- see es ey ad sts
land upbuilding it has no equal. The ing thirty to fifty stools per seed, 100 to see s early and stays
White Chinese, a month earlier, and twenty tons or more green stuff pet late and blooms all the time, good for
more prolific in beans and equally pro- acre, making 225 pounds of green stuff hay or pasture and the hay is as good
lific in vines, may supplant in time the from one seed. Florida is the home and only requires five pounds of seed
Speckle. of this wonderful plant. per acre.
Springfield, Mo., March 27th, 1914.
Indian River Farms Co.,
I have just finished investigating
your lands at Vero, Florida, and find
the proposition really better than you
represent. We' visited a number of
fine groves bordering the land on the
east on soil not nearly so fertile as
yours and find the owners all making
money. We also visited the various
settlers on the land and find their
crops in fine shape.
In fact, it looks so good to me that
I am buying a tract to develop for a
(Signed) N. M. POPEJOY.
March 30th, 1914.
Indian River Farms Co.,
609 Putnam Bldg.,
If it is farming or fruit land in an
ideal climate, among sociable people
that you are looking for, I don't think
you would make any mistake in com-
ing to Vero to live. If you can't come
to stay with us, I consider it a good
place for investment.
Yours very truly,
(Signed) GEO. T. CUNNINGHAM.
Spring City, Tenn.
A great many become dissatisfied
with farming because they do not
know how much money they handle
through the year unless they keep an
account. When a checking account is
kept the farmer's salary will gener-
ally compare favorably with that of
any other business man.
COWPEAS FOR HOG PASTURE.
The following timely article by J.
M. Scott on the advisability of Florida
farmers raising cowpeas for hog pas-
ture, should be read with interest by
every man in the state who desires
to give this feature of farming indus-
try his attention. Hogs can be raised
in Florida as profitably as any other
state in the Union and if more atten-
tion was given to it, enormous profits
could be realized annually by the hun-
dreds of thrifty farmers and stock
raisers in the state.
Mr. Scott says:
It will be most profitable for the
average Florida farmer to supply his
hogs with an abundance of green pas-
ture. Hogs kept on dry feeds the
greater portion of the year are not as
thrifty and do not grow as rapidly as
those that are given a liberal allow-
ance of green feed. It requires from
14 to 24 months for the range hog
to grow to market size. A hog of the
same size can be grown in 8 to 10
months when properly fed.
The cowpea is a crop that does best
S in a soil of warm, sandy loam. Hence
it is a crop well suited to Florida's
conditions. It is a short season crop,
requiring from 60 to 90 days to ma-
ture, according to the season and the
variety. Therefore, it can be planted
as a catch crop or as an after crop.
By this we mean it may be planted
after the spring and summer vegeta-
bles are harvested, or it may be plant-
ed in between the rows of corn at the
When grown to be used as a pas-
ture for hogs, cowpeas can be planted
at any time from the middle of March
until the first of August. To get the
best results from cowpeas as pasture,
they should be planted at intervals of
two weeks. By planting every two
weeks, fresh pasture can be had for
the hogs at all times during the spring,
summer and early fall. When one plot
of ground is pastured off it can be
plowed and replanted, so that the same
piece of ground will grow two or three
crops during the year.
Cowpeas should be planted in a well
prepared seedbed. This can be pre-
pared by thoroughly plowing the
ground and then using a gooa tooth
harrow. When a good seedbed hds
been prepared, mark off the rows two
or two and a half feet apart. Plant
the seed at the rates of about one-
half bushel per acre. As soon as the
young plants are one to two inches
high, give good cultivation. Perhaps
two cultivations will be all that is
necessary. When the crop reaches a
height of 15 to 18 inches, it will be
time to begin pasturing. Under fa-
vorable conditions, the crop will be
ready to pasture in about six or eight
weeks after planting.
Some prefer to sow the seed broad-
cast. If sown broadcast, one bushel
or a bushel and a half of seed should
be sown per acre.
When cowpeas are planted between
the rows of corn at the last cultiva-
tion they may be allowed to mature,
or kept until about the time the first
pods begin to turn yellow. When fed
to hogs at this stage of maturity along
with corn it will be found that the
hogs will make rapid gains and will
produce pork of good quality.
There are many varieties of cow-
peas. There are, however, some va-
rieties better adapted to our condi-
tions than others. Out of over 150
varieties tested at the experiment Sta-
tion we found that the Bradham and
Iron gave the best results.
"What are you going to select as a
birthday gift for your wife?"
"I don't know yet. She hasn't had
time to promenade me past the jew-
elry store windows and murmur her
special admirations." Washington
Rely Less on Fate and More on Faith and You've Set Your
Feet on the Ladder to the Stars-herbert Kaufman
Your competitor's business is smaller than yours because he does not advertise.
To Thoroughly Squelch a Lie Smother It With Silence-
Elbert Hubbard 4 4 4 4 t 0
HOW TO START A GROVE
WILSON & TOOMER FERTILIZER CO.
Manufacturers of IDEAL FERTILIZERS, Jacksonville, Fla.
Kindly Send Free Book Entitled "How to Start a Grove"
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 15
You Must Run The Gauntlet
750,000 BOXES OF FRUIT LEFT.
Close figures in and out of the Ex-
change believe that there are not more
than three-quarters of a million boxes
of citrus fruit in the state, and R. P.
Burton, sales manager of the Ex-
change, is authority for the statement
that 90 per cent of the oranges and 60
per cent of the grapefruit still left are
in the hands of the Exchange.
As the fruit outside is in the hands
of people not antagonistic to the. Ex-
change, and as Florida fruit is now
bringing excellent prices in both new
and old markets.
Up to March 14, 17,565 cars of citrus
fruit had been shipped out of the
state this year. As the average of
boxes to the car is now in the neigh-
borhood of 330, this means 5,796,450
boxes of fruit have left the state. With
750,000 boxes still on the trees, the
total crop this year will run to 6,546,-
450, which is about what the estimates
at the opening of the season fore-
The number of boxes to the car is
oeing steadily increased by the good
methods of packing introduced by the
Exchange. The average last year was
307 boxes to the car, which was an in-
crease over the year before. The num-
ber of boxes in the Exchange cars will
average 860, while it.4e believed that
the average for the state will run to
330 all right.
Many advantages in the closer pack-
ing are pointed out by the citrus ex-
perts. Fewer cars are needed to han-
dle the same quantity of fruit, which
in case of a car shortage is a mighty
important matter not only to the rail-
road, but to the shipper as well. The
sale of a carload of oranges means
the sale of more boxes of fruit, thus
cutting down the cost of sale, and the
fruit is apt to make the journey to
market in better shape if well packed
than if the reverse is true.-Tampa
"I hear your daughter married
against your wishes?"
"Well, it wasn't exactly against my
wishes. I just want to be able to say
I told her so if anything goes wrong.-
MUNSEY'S MAGAZINE SAYS FLOR-
IDA MOST PROGRESSIVE STATE
IN WHOLE NATION.
The following extract from Munsey's
Magazine should prove of great value
to Florida. It is merely a portion of
an extended article the whole tenor of
which was praise for this state, and
should be read and circulated by many
of the residents of Florida. Here is
"Florida is one of the busiest, most
enterprising and most prosperous of
American states. Its towns and cities
have in five years doubled their size.
No other state produces so much phos-
phate, cypress lumber, resin or tur-
pentine. No other state makes so
many Havana cigars or grows so much
long staple cotton. And perhaps no
other region, in any part of the world,
has so happy a blending of the joys of
life with the business energy that cre-
ates material progress and modern
"Men are now finding gold in Flor-
ida, not in mines, but in the forests,
farms, fisheries and factories. Not all
the gold that was found in Nevada and
Arizona last year, for instance, would
equal the wealth that went to Florida
for her fruits and vegetables; nor
would the total output of Alaskan gold
mines be enough to buy the cigars of
Tampa and Key West.
"There are enough golden oranges
and grapefruit in her groves this win-
ter to pay back the price-five million
dollars-that the United States paid to
Spain for the territory in 1821. She
will have enough cotton and tobacco,
both of the highest quality, to bring
five million more; and the lumber that
Floridians shipped from their five sea-
ports in one year was sold for ten mil-
"Phosphate is probably the most
precious natural product of the state.
It is a plant food, used to enrich the
soil. A village doctor was the first to
discover it, thirty years ago, and
since then Florida has sold sixty mil-
lion dollars' worth, mostly to Germany
and to other European countries. This
sum seems large enough, but it is a
trifle compared to what Florida will
mHIJiiUiilllm lU IIEllmlllllullll iliI illUl llllllll lIillll i i I IIIlH H ilIill
Before you can begin the big fight that will win
or lose success for you-you must fight many
smaller battles, battles that will give you strength
and experience for the real and inevitable struggle.
The first and most important engagements will be
with the enemies that lie in your own self. When
you have conquered them you can go forth
reasonably assured that you will accomplish
any worthy object to which you may aspire.
Fort Pierce, Fla., Jan. 30, 1914.
Mr. New Settler, Vero, Fla.
Dear Sir:-We have lived in this State for
the past thirty years and can advise you intelligently
about the line we carry and the adaptability to this
country's needs. Hardware, Furniture, Farming
Implements, Studebaker Wagons and Buggies.
Dynamite in stock.
Write, or better still, call and see us.
What Have You Put Aside for Tomorrow?
LET US HOPE YOU MAKE MONEY!
INDIAN RIVER FARMS
The successful business man advertises.
ST. LUCIE COUNTY BANK
FORT PIERCE, FLORIDA
COURTESY and SECURITY
A Strong Institution with Enlarged Facilities
to Accommodate YOU.
Four Per Cent Interest Paid on Savings Ac-
counts. Safe Deposit Boxes for Rent.
make from her phosphate when she
learns to use every ton of it at home,
enriching the soil of her own farms
"What with this buried treasure of
phosphate, the riches of her soil and
trees and waters and workshops, and
the earnings of the tourist season, the
people who now live in Florida have
a yearly income of more than $125,000,-
000. This amount, we may observe to
countrymen of Ponce de Leon, is very
nearly equal to the present govern-
mental revenue of the kingdom of
"It can be said that no other state
is farther from the gates, of death
than Florida. Her average annual
death rate is about nine a thousand,
and she has 71 veterans who have
rounded out a full century and are
still in the land of the living.
"She allows the soil and the sun-
shine to work for you every day, so
that farming becomes a continuous
performance. If one crop fails there
is no need to wait until next year.
You can plant a new crop tomorrow."
FLORIDA'S SUMMER CLIMATE.
All of us have talked about Flori-
da's winter climate, and the great ad-
vantage of being here in the winter
season, but few of us have ever laid
stress upon the summer climate of
the land of flowers.
16 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
IF YOU LAY THE FOUNDATIONS FOR SUCCESS YOU CAN,
ALWAYS GET CREDIT WITH WHICH TO GO ON BUILDING
SUITED TO A FRAZZLE.
Fort Pierce, Fla., Feb. 20, 1914.-
(To the Florida Grower.)-After four-
teen years residence in Florida I took
a vacation up north to my old home, to
find out if the flesh pots held out any
attraction after so long an absence. I
took in 'the theatres, the public libra-
-'es, second-hand book stores, public
perks, and places of amusement and
after seven weeks of excitement re-
turned to "the dear old Indian River,"
contented and satisfied in my mind
that Florida is good enough for me
and that the "deadly grind" has
passed out of my life forever. In 1899
I broke down with nervous prostra-
tion as a result of the grind of solicit-
ing life insurance for several years.
Florida attracted me as being a place
where I could live a lazy life, work
and live in the open, be lazy when I
wanted to and in fact make an easy
living without having a boss. That I
have succeeded is without question.
I work when I want to, which is most
of the time, and be lazy when I want
to, which is not much of the time. I
make an easy living, but have not
been able to get away from the boss.
I am married.' It used to be told me
that when a northern man came to
the south, he would get lazy and lose
energy. This has not proven so in
my case, as I do as much work as
ever, but the work is different from
what it was when I came to the state.
When I first came to the state I could
not do a good day's labor; physically
unable. I had very -little capital to
employ negroes and had to do the
best I could, so got a job at light work
in the fields till I gained strength
enough to do harder work. Naturally
a man with ambition will not be con-
tented with hard physical labor when
Ne can accomplish more by directing
*+)b hard work that can be aone by
unskilled hands. In time I promoted
myself to the skillful work, like pack-
ing fruit and putting the personality
in the package, and using my brains
toward marketing the products to bet-
ter advantage. After the regular.car-
lot season is over I leave all the-pine-
apples on the plat to ripen and mar-
ket them on the mail-order plan. The
plan is a hard one, as it calls for
every crate to be packed personally
ond the correspondence-is enormous.
along the west bank of the Indian
River is a high, narrow strip of sandy
ntil about twenty-five miles in extent,
and this is the far-famed Indian River
pineapple belt through which the Flor-
ida East Coast railroad passes. West
of this high ridge lies some fine lands
suitable for citrus growing, trucking
and some pineapple land. The lands
there are generally low, some of which
requires draining, some of it drained
and some in process of being drained.
Like in all sections of the state, some
of the land is good and some poor.
One piece of land good for grove, an-
other for trucking. Hard-pan lands,
lands with clay subsoil, muck land and
hammock land. There are good lands
for potatoes, celery, tomatoes, and in
fact suitable for any product grown in
a sub-tropical country. I believe that
every product grown in the state of
Florida can be found growing in St.
Lucie County. Where home is that's
the place for hmet The pineapple sec-
tion suits me to a frazzle, and I
would not exchange for any other loca-
tion, but it is not the only place. I
have been over a good part.of Florida
and I will say this: If I was taken up
in a balloon and landed in any part
of the state where I have been, let
me make a selection of land within
fifteen miles of where I landed. I
could not only make a living, but could
acquire a competence in ten years. I
have lived in eight states, and Florida
has got them all skinned a block when
it comes to 'making a living easy. In
the pineapple belt there 'is generally
no natural fertility in the soil, as it is
sand all the way down. Humus and
fertility may be added to the soil, so
that a home garden may be grown
with the aid of irrigation. Fourteen
years of residence in Florida have dis-
pelled some of the illusions that real
estate literature puts in one's head.
For instance, a northern man receives
literature from all parts of Florida,
and the information therein contained
is shuffled around in his subjective
mind, and "the subjective mind never
forgets." Then friends who have seen
Florida tell him all about it. When
he gets to Florida he expects to find
cantaloupes, watermelons, pineapples,
corn, cassava, oranges and alligator
pears, and running around among the
vines alligators, snakes, mosquitoes-
all this in the family garden in any
place and any time. He expects to
step into. a boat, cast in a line and
catch tarpon, mullet, eels, shark, por-
poise and oysters, with the possibility
of landing a manatee. He looks for a
rainy season'and the heavens to open
and flood everything, even the sandy
roads so he can use a motor boat to
go to the postofiloe to get his mail.
tie wonders just how dangerous the
Florida crackers are, and looks for
razor-back hogs at every station along
the road, and would not be surprised
to 'see some long-haired son of a gun
who totes a pistol jump from the side
of the road to start a circus just to
see a sick Yank run like blazes. He.
expects that a wild cat might start a
rumpus under the house any night,
and there is a possibility that he could
keep the St. Louis market supplied
with coons, opossum, hides and aigrets
as a side line.
Yes, lots of illusions to lose for the
Says a man to me recently, "Why
don't you grow some sweet potatoes
on your pineapple ground?" My an-
swer was: "My friend, that piece of
ground produces five times as much
profit in pineapples and I can afford
to buy my sweet potatoes and have
money enough left over to pay for
gasoline to run to town in the motor
boat or automobile after them. See
the pointer' He saw.
I used to try to attract people to the
state by telling them about all the
nice things to be found here, but I
have I found that people do not al-
ways see things as I do, and some-
times they criticise the one who told
them such flowery stories about the
land of perpetual 'sunshine, of beds of
ease. and the charms of an earthly
My advice is now to any possible
future resident, is to come, look, lis-
ten at the worst time of the year. In
the pineapple section the worst time
is from June to October. Mosquitoes
come at periods in these months. The
heat in the fields is nearly as bad as
it is in Massachusetts, and along in
September we get wind storms almost
as strong. as the ones along the New
England states. Worst of all is the
fact that we have to work in harvest-
Ask us for Advertising Rates.
WHAT THE FARMER SAID
A FARMER who was carrying an
express package from a city
mail order house was accosted
by a local merchant: "Why didn't you
buy that bill of goods from me? I
could have saved you the express and
besides you would have been patron-
izing a home store, which helps pay the
taxes and build up this locality."
With characteristic frankness the farm-
er asked: "Why don't you patronize
your horb paper and advertise? I
read it and didn't know you had the
goods I have here, nor do I ever see.
your name in the paper inviting any-*
one to come to your store"
ing our crop of pineapples as much as and animals, is made more certain by
ten hours a day, six days a week for thievlsits of tNie bdes. So well is the
six weeks and do not have time to go useful agency of the bees understood
fishing more than a couple of days a in many parts of the North that fruit
month in the busy time. growers maintain bee colonies in their
AN EAST COAST OPTIMIST. orchards-not so much for the honey,
S which is regarded rather as a by-
KEEPING BEES IN FLORIDA IS product, but for the sake of Increas-
VERY PROFITABLE. ing the yield of the trees.-Florida
Tallahassee.-If the office bees took
in increasing yield from plants were HOMESEEKERS' CATECHISM.
fully understood, there would be many
more apiaries in Florida than. there Question: Are not mosquitoes a per-
are at present. It is said that encour- feet pest in Florida?
agement of bee-keeping in a certain Answer: This seems to be another
district of Nebraska, where much al- bug-a-boo for the knocker. Mosquitoes
falfa is grown, resulted in the addi- there are, but they are not nearly so
tion of more than 200 per cent to the prevalent as in almost any part of the
yield of good seed of high germina- northern states. On the high lands
tive powers in the fields of that valu- they are conspicuous by their absence,
able legume and hay plant. We have while on the lower lands, especially
heard of a citrus grove in South Flor- near the coast, they may at times be
ida which bore well for some years. a little troublesome, but never what
Year before last someone discovered might be called a pest. In these latter
*a bee tree near this grove, cut it sections it depends very much on the
down and thus dispersed its inhabi- direction of the wind. If it blows from
tants. The following year there was the land there may be some annoyance
almost no crop from- that grove, from them, but if the breeze is from
Not only fruit growers, but observ- the sea then they are hardly notice-
ant truckers, are aware that they are able. For comfort have your windows
much indebted to the bees. The lit- screened and one end of your porch,
tle honey gatherer dives into the but there are many people who never
depths of a blossom in search of a screen their porches and do not seem
nectar, and, emerging, carries off to see the need of it
much pollen on its fuzzy coat. Within Question: Is lumber easily procured
the next blossom of the same species for building purposes?
it visits it rubs much of this pollen Answer: Yes; there is hardly a
on the pistils, securing the fertiliza- spot where you would not be in close
tioq of the ovules and the consequent proximity to a saw mill 'tha'i~i arH
formation of fruit. Cross fertilization, out all the lumber for an ordinary
so essential to the stamina of plants house.
Question: What Is the best building
material in Florida?
The Florida G o Answer: Lumber is the most univer-
SThe ri a Grower sal as it is so easily obtained. Brick
For truckers and fruit gower. For folks who can be procured in many sections
want to knowaboutFoda. Weekly, $1.0per where it is made. But we believe that
year; monthly, 50c. Send 10 for a 2 months
s o mripion. Snapp, bright and ole concrete will be found the most satis-
THE FLORIDA GROWER factory and cheapest in the end where
306M CASS STREET TAMPA, FLA. permanency is desired.-Flida
---- ; ; r.
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 17
Dame Nature has favored all sec-
tions of our country, so that one or
more staple crops can be relied upon
at all times, and while many of these
industries have lain dormant for
years before their true values have
been determined, in no section has the
industry of sugar cane growing been
neglecLt; as much as in Florida, when
it should be the leading staple Indus-
try, from the fact that a crop failure
has never been known, and no other
crop offers as good returns for labor
and money invested.
Then, again, the demands for syrup
and sugar are greater than the Ameri-
can supply, as evidenced by the enor-
mous imports each year, thus proving
that a good market at good prices
awaits those who will give this indus-
try their attention.
As to the possibility of growing
sugar cane in all sections of Florida,
successfully, one can see in every sec-
tion small patches growing luxuriantly
and with a minimum cost for labor
One of the noticeable facts is that
there are a number of different kinds
of sugar cane grown and, strange to
say, they all do well, regardless of
soil conditions, whether planted on
sandy, clay, loam or muck ground. It
is true the yield will be greater in
some soils than in others. This may
be due to intense cultivation and
heavy fertilization. Still, the fact re-
mains that sugar cane is a marked
success in Florida. This is, to a great
extent, due to the climatic conditions,
as nowhere in the United States will.
be found a country so favorable for
sugar cane cultivation as Florida. We
nave an ideal climate, with sufficient
moisture, and a scarcity of insect life
that is marked.
For the benefit of those intending
planting sugar cane the following table
of costs can be relied upon as being
the average cost for three years, and
has been compiled from reports of
tnose who are today considered an
authority on this question. Assuming
that the land has been cleared and
ready for the crop we have, figuring
on the basis of one acre:
Four tons of seed cane at $4 per
ton ...................... $16.00
Breaking ground and planting... 12.00
Four plowings at $1.50 each.... 6.00
Fertilizer and applying same.... 20.00
Stripping, topping and cutting 25
tons of cane, average crop per
acre 50c per ton............. 10.00
Hauling cane to mill, 20 tons at
50c per ton.................. 10.00
Total cost per acre for first
year ................... $74.00
On the second and third years there
is no seed cane to buy, nor the ex-
pense of planting, which effects a sav-
ing of $28.00 per acre, so we have a
net cost for the second and third
years of $46.00 each year, making a
total cost as follows:
First year .................... $74.00
Second year ................. 46.00
Third year ................... 46.00
Total cost three years.....$166.00
or an average cost of $55.662-3 per
year; thus delivering the crop of 20
tons per acre to the mill at a cost of
less than $3 per ton.
Now, as to the value of this cane,
this depends entirely on the amount
of juice extracted. vvith animal and
small power mills, the extraction rarely
exceeds 50 per cent, while with mills
capable of extracting an average of
75 per cent, we have 40,000 pounds
of cane, with 75 per cent extraction
would yield 30,000 pounds of juice at
an average of 9 degrees Beaume. To
reduce this to 36 degrees Beaume
syrup will require 80-91 per cent, or
24,273 pounds of water to be evapo-
rated, leaving 5,727 pounds of syrup,
or 572 gallons, at a gross delivered
cost of 10c per gallon. In other words,
we have produced in three years on
one acre of land 1,716 gallons of
syrup at a cost for three years of
In reference to cost of converting
this sugar cane into syrup, will say
this will be covered fully in another
article. The reader can readily see
by this what the average cost and re-
sults are from sugar cane, and, as
stated above, there is no other staple
crop offering such attractive profits
as found in sugar cane which will, in
the near future, be the leading in-
dustry in this State.
WHAT MAY BE PLANTED IN APRIL
Doubtless many of the new settlers
are wondering what can be planted to
the best advantage in Florida, in April.
For central Florida, beans, canta-
loupes, cowpeas, cucumbers, eggplant,
Irish potatoes lettuce, onion plants,
parsley, parsnips, peppers, pumpkins,
radishes, squash, sweet potatoes, tur-
nips ana tomatoes are good.
For southern Florida, beans," cow-
peas, cucumbers, eggplant, okra, pota-
toes, tomatoes, onion plants, peppers
and pumpkins. To this list may be
added many more of the early vegeta-
bles which are planted in the early
gardens in the North.
Big Increase Shown in Citrus Fruit Crop
One Thousand Per Cent Gain in Ten Years-St. Lucie
County the Center of Indian River
.Oranges and Grapefruit
The citrus fruit industry has grown
so rapidly in St. Lucie county that
even the old residents do not fully
realize what an important factor it now
is in the advancement of this section.
Fifteen years ago there were no
oranges or grapefruit being shipped
out of this county and ten years ago
there were not more than 1,500 boxes
a year shipped from here.
A conservative estimate of the fruit
grown in St. Lucie county this year
and that will be shipped before May
15, places the number of boxes of or-
anges and grapefruit at 150,000, with
a probable output of 100,000 boxes of
oranges and 50,000 boxes of grape-
fruit, although the percentage of grape-
fruit is undoubtedly larger than that.
With the great number of additions
to the groves already established and
the many new groves that have been
planted in the past two or three years,
these figures will easily be doubled in
the next two years and it will not be
very long before St. Lucie county will
be shipping half a million boxes of cit-
rus fruits yearly.
Probably the largest number of
boxes of fruit to be shipped by an in-
dividual or one concern will be
shipped by Mr. Eli Morgan, whose
grove is one of the oldest in the coun-
ty. He will ship from 9,000 to 10,000
boxes of fruit this winter.
Probably one of the largest groves
in the county is that of the Allapata-
hachee Citrus Fruit Company, which
is located on Ten Mile Creek, about
seven miles from Fort Pierce. This
grove now covers over seventy acres
and has many young trees, which are
just starting to bear or have not yet
begun to bear. This season about
6,000 boxes of choice fruit will be
shipped from it. Fourteen years ago,
when this grove was started, Manager
Williams says there was very little
fruit raised in this county and none
being shipped. This company now has
a veritable village on the plantation,
there being a fine residence for the
manager, an immense packing house,
large barns for the big auto trucks,
wagons, stock, tools and farm imple-
ments, etc., and about a dozen houses
for the employees.
Another large grove that has been
very successful is that owned by Mr.
Dan McCarty, whose father was one
of the most ambitious developers in
this section and who did much toward
interesting men of means in this
county. Mr. McCarty is now install-
ing one of the most expensive irriga-
tion plants ever put into a grove in
this state. The main pipes leading
from the pump house are six inches in
diameter and the outlying pipes are
four inches. These are steel pipes and
will enable him to flood every section
of the sixty-acre grove in case of a
Along the Indian River, north and
south for a distance of twenty miles in
each direction, there are many good
groves. At Viking, Oslo, Vero, Quay,
Wabasso, Sebastian and Roseland on
the north are found some of the best
groves and the finest fruit. At Eldred,
Ankono, Walton, Eden, Jensen and
Waveland on the south there are a
number of good groves and some
choice fruit is shipped from that sec-
At Fort Drum, Okeechobee and other
sections of the west side of the county
there are several large groves and
more are being constantly developed.
Modern methods of packing and
shipping are now employed by the ma-
jority of the groves and the packing
houses and equipment represent an
investment of many thousands of dol-
Indian river fruit has always been
famous for its delicious flavor and all
indications point to this county being
the center of this great industry and
the leader in its output in the near
future.-Ft. Pierce News.
AN .ACTIVE CITRUS DEMAND
DELIVERIES LAST WEEK DOUBLE
THE WEEK PREVIOUS
Many Shippers Are Turning Their At-
tention to Other Commodities-
Prices Probably Will Remain
Firm for the Season.
FLORIDA CITRUS SHIPMENTS.
Cars moved last week......... 567
Cars moved week before last... 272
Total cars moved to last Sat.... 17,744
Jacksonville, Fla., March 27.-The
market on citrus fruits is again look-
ing up. The movement last week was
over twice as heavy as the week pre-
vious, a total of 567 cars moving for
the week. Several cars of late Valen-
cias went to northern markets and
the demand for this variety as well
as other varieties of oranges and
grapefruit is fair. Most every car of
fruit was sold while rolling, leaving
very few cars at diverting points. The
demand for oranges exceeds the de-
mand for grapefruit despite the fact
that there is only ten or fifteen per
cent of the grapefruit crop left in the
The large distributing firms of the
state are not giving their attention to
the citrus fruit deal, as they are deep
in the tomato, celery and cabbage deal
and these crops also are moving free-
ly. Tomatoes and celery are command-
ing very good prices on almost every
market. It is believed that with warm
weather in the north that citrus fruit
will take on a new lease of life and
prices will be considerably better and
fruit in good demand in all large mar-
There is no doubt, it is thought by
many shippers, that oranges will re-
main reasonably firm for the balance
of the season, as the crop now moving
is of excellent quality, running mostly
to brights and good stock. While it
is anticipated that other fruit may
come in to take the place of grape-
fruit, which will materially decrease
the consumption, yet it appears to be
the consensus of opinion that prices
will remain about the same as they
are now, maybe advancing a little for
good grade and pack.
Mrs. Muggins-Your husband seems
very vigorous. The older he gets, the
stronger he grows.
Mrs. Muggins-Yes; but like his
REDSTONE & SON
ROUGH and ITUIUDC
The Farmer accepts advertising only from legitimate business houses.
Sugar Cane as a Staple Industry
By F. W. Johnson
Kills Every White Fly Larva, Scale, Red Spider and Rust
SMite that are hit. Removes s pty mold completely
and does not harm the tenderest growth. L sures clean, healthy
trees and bright fruit. Satisfactory Results Guaranteed or Money
State Agents for the Famous
Bean Power Sprayers and Hand Pumps
State Agents for GRASSELLI'S ARSENATE of
LEAD AND LIME SULPHUR SOLUTION
J. SCHNARR & CO.,
18 THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
The mango is without question the
best of all tropical fruits. Its im-
proved strains excel both in flavor,
richness, beauty and aroma. The best
peach is insipid compared with the
best mango, lacking in richness, and
watery. It is like comparing "canned"
fruit to old-fashioned preserves, put up
"pound for pound." Then there is no
fruit which possesses the delicacy and
quality of perfume when ripe that
some of these do, and there can be no
fruit more beautiful than some of the
golden yellow mangoes with their bril-
liant carmine cheeks. Their rough rind
makes them good shippers, as the fact
that they have long been shipped from
Bombay to London proves. The tree
is a very vigorous grower, thriving on
land too. wet for almost any other
fruit tree, or too high, dry and poor.
Its tough, leathery foliage and springy,
elastic branches enable it to stand
wind well, and the fact that its fruit
is all formed and matured before the
windy season renders it well adapted
to use as a windbreak for citrus and
other trees that have to hold their
fruit during the autumn and early win-
ter. The trees generally commence to
bloom in January, and bloom along at
irregular intervals often into April,
some few occurring as late as June.
Not all of this fruit sets or reaches
maturity, owing to the attacks of the
fungus known as wither-tip, which is
so destructive in citrus orchards.
A recently published bulletin from
the agricultural department on this
subject details the investigations made
and conclusions drawn, and everybody
interested in the matter should at once
send for a copy. It seems that this
wither-tip fungus militates against the
crop in all countries where this fruit
is grown, and wherever there is much
damp, rainy weather during the bloom-
ing and early fruiting period the crop
is damaged or destroyed before it can
mature. As the fruit gets larger and
the skin thicker and tougher, it is
more resistant to the entry of the
spores, so that if any one of the vari-
ous sets of inflorescences that have
occurred from January to April (or
June) happens to hit a comparatively
dry time, the fruit gets a start enough
to pull through and make a crop. This
generally occurs so as to make the
crop come in June, but last year we
had fruit in April from January bloom,
a larger and more general crop in
June, and some in August and again
in October, the last from June bloom,
and mostly confined to the Sundersha
variety. On the whole, however, the
crop was very short, almost a failure
with most of the best imported varie-
The Bastian "Oregon"
Operates with a simple pump-gun ac-
tion upon a powerful compound lever
which forces the sharp, Sheffield Steel
cutting blade through a limb an inch
thick with but little effort. Makes a
smooth, clean cut. No side-strain on
the pole-handle. The natural position
of hands gives the operator ease, speed
The Bastian "Oregon"
Have the same easy-working but pow-
erful compound action as the pruning
hook. They are especially handy for
cutting out water sprouts, heading
back young trees, trimming hedges,
berry bushes, etc.
JOHN B. BEACH
ties, owing mainly to rainy weather
and the consequent wither-tip. For
some unaccountable reason the best
of all, the Mulgoba variety, did not
even bloom. In this section but one or
two trees bloomed at all, and men only
a chance branch on a tree. This year
all varieties are blooming profusely,
and while we are having altogether too
much rain and heavy dew to give the
trees much chance unassisted, many
are following the directions advised in
the department bulletin, and we look
for a good crop of fruit in spite of the
natural conditions. So far all trees
sprayed are setting and holding fruit
nicely, and conditions are the same as
the past two seasons, in which the
crop was a practical failure. The de-
struction of the crop so frequently has
led to much restricted planting of
mango trees of late years, and now
they are being generally uset as a
windbreak all around groves of the
winter varieties of avocado, or citrus
trees. If they fail to set a crop, they
still serve as a most effective wind-
break for the grove, and in case they
do make a crop it is off before the
season of stormy winds. In these past
three trying seasons several varieties
that had been overshadowed in popu-
larity by others, are coming to the
front because they make a crop in
spite of the fungus, when the trees be-
side them succumb.
There are as many varieties of man-
go as there are of any other fruit that
is propagated by grafting or budding
and they vary greatly in size, appear-
ance and flavor. Some are specially
valuable for cooking (like the Sunder-
sha), while some are considered great
keepers (like the Alphonso). The lat-
ter can be gathered and allowed to
ripen in the house; in India they say
that they keep them two months in a
cool place after gathering.
The finest of all is the Mulgoba, yet
it seems to be the most uncertain pro-
ducer. The department bulletin re-
ported it to appear quite as resistant
to the fungus as the other sorts. This
may be so in a general way. I would
modify it by saying that it is as re-
sistant as the average. But then if a
tree fails to bloom at all as they did
last year there Is no hope of any fruit.
However, it makes a good windbreak,
and it is so fine that people who know
it will always want to have them
Just a word to the new settler: The
mango and avocado require just the
same treatment as do the citrus trees,
will grow on the same soil, planted the
same distance, cultivated the same
way, and fertilized in the same man-
The Bastian "Oregon"
picks the choice fruit that's "out of
reach" without bruising it in the least.
It soon saves enough to pay for itself.
Try These Orchard
Bastian "Oregon" Orchard Tools
are made of the very best materials-
they are powerful, durable and handy
to use. Reasonable in price and
guaranteed. Made in all lengths. If
your dealer has no Bastian "Oregon"
Tools in stock, do not accept substi-
tutes, but write to us and we'll send
prices and name of nearest dealer who
can supply you--or we'll ship direct.
Write now for descriptive circular.
STOREY MFG. CO. M,.d., Rd. Portland, Oregon
ner. The latter begins to bear as soon
as the grapefruit, or often one year
earlier, and it grows faster. It will
yield as much fruit as a grapefruit the
same time and hold it almost as long,
and the fruit will sell for from two to
three times as much as the grapefruit
will. When the tree gets to bearing
crops it requires about twice as much
fertilizer as the grapefruit, but then
that is a small item. The cause of it
is very likely the difference in the nu-
tritive value of the two fruits, the
grapefruit being little else than water,
while tne avocado is almost equal to
its weight in eggs.
The mango is the ideal windbreak to
be planted all around the grove, trees
set 10 to 15 feet apart, or, better, a
double row 20 feet apart breaking
joints, the two rows 10 to 15 feet apart.
The tree will not stand as much cold
as the citrus trees, but with the aid
of the crude oil heaters there is no
reason in the world why they cannot
be grown safely in the latitude of
In California in the latitude of
Charleston, they had fruit last sum-
mer, I am told, on both these trees,
even after passing through the sever-
est freeze that has ever visited the
state, and the demand for nursery
stock is so great that trees that here
are hard to sell at $1.50 each there
readily command $3.50. If we fail to
make the most of our advantages in
this line and let California with her
tremendous handicap get ahead of us
on the cream of this new industry, it
is because we are too slow, too dead-
Florida will ship a bumper potato
crop and get a bumper pile of money.
,, --. -..
SOME INTERESTING FACTS
According to the thirtieth census
Florida farm lands increased in value
over 204 per cent from 1900 to 1910,
with less than one-eighth of its area
under cultivation. In the percentage
of increase in the value of farm prop-
erty Florida ranks eighth among the
states; in the value of farm buildings
she ranks seventh, in livestock, ninth.
According to a recent statement of
the per capital deposits in national
banks it stood second of the thirteen
southern states. Texas came first with
$40.09 for each inhabitant, and Florida
second with $39.11 deposits per capital.
More than five million dollars' worth
of fish are shipped from Florida wa-
ters every year.
According to the Industrial Index
Florida sends out $50,000,000 worth of
phosphate every year.
The vegetable and garden products
for 1911-12 was $8,056,685, as against
$6,825,912 in 1909-10.
The value of the fruit products for
1909-10 was $5,905,727, while the value
of the same products for 1911-12 was
$9,689,774, showing a gain of $3,784,074
above the value of the crop for 1909-10.
ABIDING BY THE DECISION.
In a Connecticut court not long ago
an old farmer was the defendant in a
suit for a piece of land, and his lawyer
had been making a strong fight for it.
Then the plaintiff's attorney began
"May it please the court, I take the
The old farmer jumped to his feet
excitedly: "What's that? What's
that?" he exclaimed.
The judge called him to order.
"May it please the court," began the
attorney again, not noticing the inter-
ruption, "I take the ground-" '*
'No, you don't, neither,"
shouted the old farmer;
"anyhow. not till the jury
o ,r decides the case!"
Indian River Farmer readers will need Doctors, Lawyers, Banks, Teaths, Carpenters. Let them know who you are.
Are Made for Florida Soil,
and Always Produce Results.
WRIT FOR BOOKLET.
INDEPENDENT FERTILIZER CO.
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER 19
WOeMA8s FIOBIDA AND
PI .OBZDA'S WOMAN
The state is full of women who
a"e doing real things and making
S a snoess of them; others are let
starting, and in a fair way to de-
velop a lving; others are man
homes for themselves; recent ar-
rivals have their perplezlties in
adjusting themselves to a sub-
tropical life. The Grower wants
to meet these women and their
interests. Correspondence is in-
vited in regard to all that concerns
and interests the women of the
VEGETABLE SEED CHAINS.
A Record Collection Made by Mrs.
Hardly a tourist who has come into
Sthe confines of winter Florida but has
become familiar with the chains made
from the crab-eye vine brilliant red
seeds or the smooth dead black seeds
Sof the Spanish bayonet. Both of these
Shave had an immense vogue which
seems to show no signs of dying out.
Either in combination with metal
beads is seen, and probably the really
Most gorgeous chain is that in which
the two kinds of seeds are used, possi-
bly with metal beads at intervals.
But it is likely that Mrs. Stella
Gould, who is librarian of the public
library at Punta Gorda, has made the
biggest assortment of vegetable seed
chains yet achieved. Of course any-
one can string seeds of various kinds,
but to do so with an eye to artistic
effect and make them attractive
Seu h, to el readily is another thing.
SMrs. y livea i' "dr little cot-
tage set in a garden that is continu-
dally visited by flower lovers, and it is
r especially interesting for the 35 dif-
1, ferent sorts of vines Mrs. Gould keeps
v growing. When the government was
Looking into eucalyptus matters in
Florida before starting on its euca-
r-lyptus developments, it was in this
'garden they found one of the finest
trees they had seen. Some of the most
peculiar and attractive chains made
by Mrs. Gould were inspired by the
seed pod of,this tree. It is a peculiar
cupshaped affair of a light wood color,
and when combined with the red crab-
eye vine seed and some little black
beads it has been peculiarly success-
ful and many have been taken north
There is a coarse meaty round green
leaved vine trailing over miles of
Florida sand commonly along creeks
and rivers. Out on. the keys there are
acres.and acres covered with its coarse
fink morning glory-like bloom. It is
pn of those much talked-of Ipoemeas.
Any lapd-owner will testify that this
"gqatst foot vine" is a pest once start-
ed. But when the seeds are caught at
Jst the right stage they look as if
vefed with seal brown velvet, and
when strung in combinations or even
by themselves are extremely artistic.
Possibly some of the recalcitrant
small things, who are more to be pitied
than censured in their rebellion, might
be less opposed to castor oil if they
Should see the lovely effects of the Rici-
'.us seeds in chains. Most of the seeds
used by Mrs. Gould are dark brown,
flecked with grayish white, and have a
Rather high natural luster which makes
their shape more effective. One of
Mrs.' Gould's neighbors has ricinus
seeds that are nearly black and look
like some imported novelty.
The'odd-shaped brown seeds of the
pink antigonon often styled Mexican,
sometimes popularly referred to as
eChinese, paper vine, and the yet more
peculiar roselle or Jamaica sorrel
PORC g------------- r. ,a
l i HaOW-Room
H i'o j7'"o"
seeds both appear in chains that ap-
peal to women who appreciate unusual
Then tie large moon-uower seeds in
various stages of color are used and&'
wierdest of the wierd, the mottled
'flecked seeds of the much prated for-
age velvet bean.
There seems to be no limit to the
Most of the seeds are very hard to
pierce when thoroughly ripened, but
there seems also to be some stage in
the ripening of all when they may be
fairly easily strung on a heavy cord to
facilitate their handling when required
for actual use.
The method of preparation of the
china berry seeds, desired by a lady of
Zephyrhills, is this, as near as I can
get hold of it. The seeds with their
rough coat are soaked for a time and
then placed on a piece of wire screen
cloth, stretched taut. The seeds are
rubbed hard over this screening until
the undesirable coating is removed,
after which they are dyed. They are
rather difficult to dye and require sev-
eral boiling, it is said, to deepen col-
ors to any great tone. Black ones are
prepared similarly by one woman, who
strings them during me process on a
heavy cord, and when as deep black as
she wisnes she brushes them with a
stiff short bristle brush until they are
all but polished. Most of those dis-
played in the novelty curio shops for
sale, however, show only dead effects
in color, but those in the natural color
are really highly effective, and are
much seen strung with various black
jet beads. ,
Dh tr A LINE.
Dearest friend, I just write
To say all's well with us.
The summer's here, we had no freeze,
Nor floods to make a fuss.
Our fruit sells well, truck the same,
Lots of money coming.
No walking hordes of workless men
Swarm our cities, bumming.
Our tourist crop was mighty good,
And now the fishing's fine;
Put a layer of canned salmon in a
shallow baking pan, cover with soft
areadcrumbs, sprinkle with salt an
pepper; repeat until the pan is full,
with crumbs on top. Pour over it a
cupful of sweet cream and bake until
brown. Instead of the cream, white
sauce may be served over each layer
Mince finely one can of salmon
drained from the oil, add one cupful
of soft breadcrumbs, two beaten eggs
and half a cupful of sweet cream.
Season with salt and pepper and lemon
juice, if desired. Put in a buttered
mold, set in a pan of hot water and
bake about half an hour. This may be
served cold in slices, or served hot
with a sauce made of two level table-
spoonfuls of flour, two of butter, a
cupful of milk, one-quarter of a tea-
spoonful of salt and pepper to suit
the taste. Parsley, onion, or any other
flavoring may be added to the sauce.
Daily Household Hint
An inquiry comes for directions for
cleaning white shadow lace blouses.
This may be done, but it requires
much care and perhaps more trouble
than the average woman is willing to
undertake. The results are worth
while, however, as the home process
is much cheaper than sending the
waist to a professional cleaner. The
waist should be -taken apart, and the
separated pieces laid taut on a piece
of white cloth. With a rather soft,
clean brush rub into every mesh a
mixture of two parts talcum and one
part borax. Turn each piece, that
both sides may be thus treated. Shake
gently and repeat the process. Leave
the second supply on the lace for two
days, shutting it up in a box to exclude
dust. Shake and brush the lace then.
If you wish to have the waist cleaned
whole, send to a professional cleaner,
otherwise wash it in gasoline, using
two or three rinsings until all danger
of streaks is removed.
EGGLESS SALAD DRESSING.
This recipe has been printed before,
but as eggless recipes are much need-
ed just now, we are giving it: One ta-
blespoonful of butter, two tablespoon-
fuls of good vinegar, one-half tea-
spoonful of salt, one tablespoonful of
sugar, two tablespoonfuls of flour, one
cupful of good rich milk. Beat until
smooth and cook until it thickens.
(Sugar is well omitted.) A salad
dressed with this and with a few pre-
served cherries or English walnuts
used to decorate it is splendid.
LUNCHEON MENU WITH RECIPES.
Fillet of beef offers a valuable sug-
gestion for the home cook who makes
a specialty of meats. There is a de-
lightful flavor to beef prepared in this
way. White potatoes should be served
with the fillet and scalloped tomatoes
are excellent as a side dish. Try this
new recipe for prune slump.
Celery and Olives
Fillet of Beef
White Potatoes. Scalloped Tomatoes
Fillet of Beef.
Although very expensive, a fillet of
beef is really cheaper than an ordi-
: nary roast, as there is no waste; the,
butcher will lard it for you, and for
twelve persons about four pounds will
be ample. It is probably better to se-
lect two small fillets, as they will be
more tender. After being well sea-
soned, place in a covered baking pan,
add just a very little water and cook
about thirty-five minutes to be a little
rare-longer if you want it well done.
'When serving cut uneven rounds, leav-
ing the ends, as tney will be rather-
dry. Fillet may also be cut into thick
rounds and broiled, but that will re-
quire close attention just at the crit-
Boil and peel six potatoes, cut them'
in halves and place in a vegetable
dish. Have ready the following sauce:
Put in a saucepan one cupful of milk,
melted butter and two chopped hard
boiled eggs, adding salt and. pepper to
taste. Heat together thoroughly and
pour all over the potatoes. Serve hot.
In the bottom of a buttered baking
dish put a layer of tomatoes (peeled
and cut in small slices); a sprinkling
of sugar, salt and pepper; then a layer
of chopped onion and green pepper.
Add a few bits of butter, cover with
bread crumbs, then another layer of
tomatoes, etc., until the dish is filled,
the top layer of fine bread crumbs.
Cover the dish and bake in a moderate
oven about four minutes to brown the
top. Remove the cover ten minutes be-
fore the tomatoes are done.
Pick over one pound of prunes, wash
well in warm water, then drain, cover
with cold water and let soak over
night. Put in a double boiler and cook
slowly until very soft. Add sugar to
sweeten to taste, turn into a sauce-
pan which is rather wide than deep
and stand where the contents will just
boil. Mix together one cupful and a
half of flour, one teaspoonful and a
half of baking powder and one-third
of a teaspoonful of salt; add sweet
milk to make a soft dough. Turn out
on a floured board, roll out until just
large enough to fit in the saucepan.
Lay it carefully over the boiling
prunes, cover closely and cook for
twenty minutes without uncovering.
Lift out on a platter, pour the prunes
round it and serve with cream and
Tell our'readers what you sell. They need it.
THE INDIAN RIVER FARMER
.THE. INDIAN RIVER_ FARMER
W E' RE
TO SEE INDIAN RIVER FARMS
IN THE HEART OF THE FAMOUS INDIAN RIVER COUmNt.i
WHERE OPPORTUNITY WAITS!
WHERE TWtE ROWING SEASON LASTS 12 NW
WHERE THERE IS NO COLD WINTER! '
WHERE THERE IS NO EXCESSIVELY HOT SUMMER!
WHERE LIFE IS WORTH LIVING ALL THE TIME!
BE YOUR OWN BOSS!
DON'T BE CAGED TEN HOURS A DAY!
OWN YOUR OWN FARM!
BREATHE THE GOOD, FRESH AIR!
and while you are alive, LIVE!-
Don't Just Exist-LIVE!
BUY AN INDIAN RIVER FARM!'
PRODUCE FOUR CROPS A YEAR.
INSURE YOURSELF AGAINST the FUTURE
THERE WILL COME A TIME
when younger blood will tae
place-WHAT THEN? .
LET US TELL YOU ABOUT INDIAN RIVER FARMS AND VERO, FLORIDA, AND
SEE IF YOU DON'T WANT TO JOIN US ON OUR NEXT EXCURSION AND.
VISIT THE LAND OF OPPORTUNITY AND SEE FOR YOURSELF WHAT E fi'f
SUNNY SOUTHLAND HAS IN STORE FOR YOU. q LOW RATE EXCURSIONS :
FIRST AND THIRD TUESDAYS. q "YOU CAN LOOK WITHOUT BUYING-
DON'T BUY WITHOUT LOOKING!" q LET US TELL YJ WHAT IS THE BEST
AND SAFEST INSURANCE ON EARTH.
s INDAI RIVER FARMS COM PANY
SUITE 609 PUTNAMi UILING i DAENPOR, i
I- &W. 3 A A *';