Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
n... Uiersitv f Flnrida. Gainesville
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JG 09 13
Univ. of Florida
Anemone Flower Production
C. A. Conover1 and T. J. Sheehan2
The poppy flowered Anemone
coronaria used by florists is native
to the Mediterranean region where
tubers are planted in the fall and
produce flowers the following
spring and early summer.
Commercial flower production of
anemone is centered in the warmer
regions of New Zealand. In Eng-
land, tubers are planted in the
field from June to August for win-
ter production and protected dur-
ing cold weather. Florida's climate
is similar to that of Mediterranean
regions, and therefore, anemones
have good potential as a commer-
cial cut flower and bedding crop.
Temperatures as low as 18*F.
have not been a serious problem
in anemone production in the
Gainesville area. Freezing tempera-
tures have caused injury to open
flowers, but have not injured buds
or foliage. In these cases, anemones
have resumed growth and flower
production as soon as the cold has
Anemone flowers come in several
vivid colors, primarily shades of
red and lavender. The flowers, due
to the intense colors, lend them-
selves readily to use in floral ar-
rangements and corsages.
Research on anemones, conduct-
ed by the Florida Agricultural Ex-
1Associate Professor, Ornamental Horticulture, Agricultural Experiment Stations.
2Pofessor, Ornamental Horticulture, Agricultural Experiment Stations.
periment Station at Gainesville,
indicates a potential yield of over
one million blooms per acre.
Anemone tubers planted between
November 1 and 15 will produce
flowers from early January to mid-
Tubers can be planted in beds of
various dimensions, but beds 4
feet wide are commonly used or
recommended for easier harvesting.
Soil should be sterilized to control
soil-borne fungi and weeds. Tubers
should be planted in beds 6 inches
on center, 2 tubers per hole, or 3
inches on center, 1 tuber per hole.
This spacing will yield 35 to 50
flowers per square foot at the re-
commended fertilization rate.
Tubers should be planted % to 1
inch below the soil surface. Surface
soil must be kept moist while tubers
Anemones should be fertilized at
the rate of 25 pounds of 8-8-8 or
equivalent per 1,000 square feet of
bed area every two weeks during
the growing season. Start the fer-
tilization program 2 weeks after
tubers are planted. Stop fertilizing
after foliage starts to turn yellow
(usually during April).
Cut flowers daily to insure top
quality blooms for market. When
picking flowers, select those that
are half to two-thirds open and cut
stems at the ground line. Take
care when cutting not to injure
young buds just emerging around
the crown of the plant. Cut flowers
can be bundled, 12 or 25 to the
bundle, placed in containers with
water and stored for at least 4 to
6 hours at 40 F. They can be
shipped to market in standard
florists' boxes after the hardening-
While flowers are in storage they
will close, but once removed from
storage and placed in warm water
(100 F) at room temperature they
will open within 1 to 2 hours.
Tubers should be dug and stored
in early summer after tops have
dried. Since the effect of storage
at room temperature is not now
known, storage in a cool place or
in a 45 F refrigerator is suggested.
Fig. 1-Anemone flowers. Left to right, Anemone fulgens, 'Wicabri' and 'St. Bridgit'
Homeowner Care and Usage
Anemones are useful and attrac-
tive in home landscapes. They pro-
vide color during winter and early
spring months and flowers for
home use. They make their best
showing when planted in fore-
grounds or shrubbery borders and
base plantings, and when used in
Except for those points discussed
below, homeowners should follow
commercial recommendations pre-
Tubers may be planted between
October 15 and December 15, but
the period between November 1-15
is considered best.
When solid bed plantings or edg-
ings are desired, tubers should be
planted 4 to 6 inches on center
since greater planting
since greater planting distances
will not produce solid beds. When
anemones are used in front of
shrubbery borders, 6 to 12 tubers
should be planted in a group to
provide a satisfactory show.
Soil sterilization is usually un-
necessary in small homeowner
plantings. If commercial production
is planned, however, sterilize with
methyl bromide at a rate of 1
pound per 100 square feet.
Fig. 2-Anemon tubers actual s. Left,
34's (circumference in centimeters); right, 4-5's.
Fertilization rates listed under
commercial production methods
produce the maximum number of
flowers per square foot. Therefore,
homeowners may use less fertilizer
and still produce excellent ane-
mones. In home plantings ane-
mones should be fertilized every
2 weeks with 1 to 2 pounds
of 8-8-8 per 100 square feet. Good
anemones may also be produced
with 3 to 3% pounds of 8-8-8 per
month. Fertilization should be
started 2 weeks after tubers are
YOUR FUTURE ORNAMENTAL
Ji LET T)
UNIVERSITY OF FLORID
Living plants are becoming more and more important in our
urbanized society. Personnel with technical and scientific training in
the propagation, production and marketing of foliage plants are in
demand in this multi-million dollar segment of Florida's expanding
ornamental horticulture industry.
The Department of Ornamental Horticulture of the University of
Florida can train you for an exciting career in
Foliage Plant Production
You can also prepare for a career in research, teaching and
extension in the field of Ornamental Horticulture.
For further information, write
Dean Charles B. Browning, College of Agriculture
University of Florida,.Gainesville, Florida
This public document was promulgated at an annual cost of
$219.86, or .0219 cents per copy to inform gardeners on anemone
COOPERATIVE EXTENSION WORK IN AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS
(Acts of May 8 and June 30,1914)
COopertive Extenion Service, IFAS, Univerity of Florida
and United State Depotment of Agricultue, Cooprating
Joe N. Bu&by, Dean