Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Executive summary

Group Title: Quarterly report (Farming Systems Support Project)
Title: Quarterly report
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00091285/00015
 Material Information
Title: Quarterly report
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Farming Systems Support Project
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Office of International Programs, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: April-June 1986
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00091285
Volume ID: VID00015
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents
    Executive summary
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
Full Text


April June, 1986





Executive Summary . . . . . . . . ... ...... .1

Main Report

I. Setting . . . . . . . . ... ..... . .2

II. General Accomplishments . . . . . . . . ..2

III. Conclusions . . . . . . . . ... .... .3

IV. Activity Reports
Waleka/The Gambia/04/07 to 04/21/86 . . . ... .4
(Caldwell, Taylor, Norem)

Jones/Haiti/04/20 to 04/26/86 . . . . .... .7
(Gaudreau, Broekhuyse, Lichte, Locker)


A major highlight of the quarter was the successful Farming Systems
Research and Extension Methods workshop conducted in Gambia utilizing the
complete volumes of the FSSP training. The positive feedback from the
workshop suggests the potential for future training of national
practitioners in adaptive research and extension work.

Collaboration and the establishment of linkages between the IARCs/CRSPs
and FSSP continued during this quarter. The role of collaborator emerged
as a potentially important one for the FSSP, one which strengthens FSR/E
methodology development and application.

Another important contribution during the quarter was the anticipated
FSSP input into the preparation of the OTA Report on Farming Systems
Research and Extension. Finally, work continued in Latin America under
total mission buy-ins. Work focused mainly on the Paraguay project and the
Haiti ADS-11 evaluation.

1986, Second Quarter


The quarter began with enthusiasm for the initial complete training
course in Farming Systems Research and Extension methods to be offered in
English in the Gambia. That enthusiasm was based on the fact that, for the
first time, we would be using the complete volumes of the FSSP training
unit development program and putting them to a field test. A good training
team was developed and provided the basis for a very successful venture.

Emphasis was also placed on Advisory Council planning following the
rather difficult period of time in getting the FSSP annual work plan
approved. Budget considerations were paramount and discussions were well
underway concerning how budget revisions could be made effectively.
Scaling down of the core staff was taking its toll generally on the overall
operational capability of the program as the editor was now half time and
McDermott and Jones had been cut back to 25%. Dan Galt had announced that
he would be leaving the project in June.


The Gambia workshop was a success involving Gambians as well as others
from the region. It provided an opportunity to fully evaluate the
effectiveness of the training program and for further refinements in the
training materials. The success of the venture was such that plans were
made for other activities and the networking process was well underway. It
provided an opportunity to interact with some of the participants involved
in various other West African activities. Susan Poats was involved in
making plans for those activities, such as the Livestock Networkshop and
the French course to follow sometime in the Fall.

Linkages with various other entities in the farming systems community
were illustrated once again by various interactive experiences with the
CRSPs,IARCs and other networks. Steve Kearl attended a Latin American
communications network meeting in Cali, Columbia which appears to be
opening up possibilities for strengthening the communication and extension
linkage to the FSR work. It is time that this area be investigated. The
communicators are interested in developing a program at Kansas State
University within the Symposium. Pete Hildebrand has been involved in the
external evaluation panels of both the soil management and bean and cowpea
CRSPs. This involvement has provided for solid linkages and communication
on methodologies. The follow-up from the February conference that Andrew
attended at ICRISAT with the IARC's provides another basis for
communication with the International Agricultural Research Centers.
Collaboration continues particularly with ILCA in the overall livestock
area, focusing on the Livestock Networkshop. FSSP works with CIMMYT
relative to training and utilization of some of their materials in the
training unit development process. Close communication continues with IITA
relative to West African program activities. Mature program and
institutional linkages are beginning to emerge between the FSSP and these
diverse activities. This appears to be an important role for the FSSP, and
the contribution can be made to strengthen FSRE methodology development
and application.

1986, Second Quarter

The FSSP agreed to participate in the development of a document for the
Congressional Office of Technology Assessment delineating progress and
overall methodological considerations related to FSR/E. This task, while
somewhat extensive, provided an opportunity to achieve further synthesis.
The review process for this document will include OTA dissemination of the
document to key farming systems research and extension leaders. The
overall activity, when released, will be a document that can be used for
various purposes by the FSSP and others. Dan Galt contributed
significantly to this effort prior to his departure from FSSP for an
assignment with Winrock International in Nepal. Susan Poats served as the
leader for the total contribution by the core.

Work continues in Latin America under total mission buy-ins. The
Paraguay effort has been reported earlier and continues with major research
and extension activities in farming systems underway through the presence
of an advisor with backstop support by the FSSP. Also the Haiti mission
made arrangements for a major FSSP buy-in to evaluate a project underway in
that country through the University of Arkansas and SECID. Four evaluators
were selected from consultants and one Support Entity, the Royal Tropical
Institute in Holland, from Canada and the U. S. The evaluation itself was
accomplished and provided insights into the evaluation task force's
instrument developed for this purpose. Suggestions were made for improving
the instrument. Also, the report was well received by Haiti and can be
used as a basis for restructuring and strengthening that program.


The FSR/E synthesis and consensus process is achieving considerable
success through the overall FSSP training program the development of the
training materials themselves, and their distribution on a worldwide basis
- and through activities such as preparation of the Office of Technology
Assessment Report on Farming Systems Research and Extension.

The actual training efforts will have the long term multiplier effects
that will result from the trainees who participate in FSSP short courses
such as in the Gambia. This leads to potential opportunities for
programming other work in West Africa and the implications of the work
suggests the significant interest for developing a training base in West
Africa to assist in preparing young professionals for adaptive research and
extension work. The Gambia experience also points to the potential for
developing long term national training strategies to deal with continuing
education needs.

1986, Second Quarter

Walecka/The Gambia/04/07 to 04/21/86

Region: West Africa
Country: The Gambia
Assignment: To act as a resource person, evaluate the workshop and to
monitor the use of the training materials.
Name: Lisette M. Walecka
Date of Activity: 04/07 to 04/21/86
Team: John Caldwell, VPI, Lead Trainer
Dan Taylor, VPI, Workshop Coordinator
Rosalie Norem, ISU
Lisette Walecka, FSSP

Home Institution: University of Florida
Address: International Programs
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Fl 32611



1. To monitor the use of the training materials and to evaluate the
2. To participate on the training team as a resource person.


Reported evaluation results and recommendations which will be included
in the workshop final report to be prepared by Dan Taylor and John
Caldwell. Specific recommendations are stated in the evaluation report and
only a brief statement follows:

Generally, the three week workshop format was very successful and
should be continued. Establishing objectives that can be realistically met
within each segment of time is helpful in planning for such a workshop.
More focused workshops may be requested following this type of workshop,
covering specific aspects in as much follow-up detail as is needed.

Week one and two (diagnosis and design) went quite well with minor
needs to reschedule some presentations. Generally, the only recommendation
to be made about the first two weeks is to try to define and prioritorize
the tasks assigned in the practical sondeo and design activity to allow
for completion of the work at the designated time. By allowing
participants to continue to try to finish up one task at the same time that
they are beginning to work on another task, detracts from the success of
both tasks.

Lack of time and too much information were the major factors limiting
the overall success of the third week. Decisions on "core" content and

1986, Second Quarter

priority objectives need to be made. What is absolutely essential for the
participants to leave the workshop with in order to be better able to
practice farming systems effectively? What can realistically be covered in
the period of time that is available?

The analysis portion of the workshop should be integrated (biological,
social, economic) as much as possible and adequate time should be planned
for all aspects of analysis. This requires alot of planning among
presenters and some working examples with appropriate data for all
necessary analyses. The trainers in this workshop attempted this and
introduced the analysis section with a conceptual framework based on the
intra-household case studies and referred back to the evaluation framework
presented at the beginning of the design week. However, planning time and
time for presentation was limited, and trying to cover too much resulted in
some frustration for the participants. More attention is needed in
provided guidance and materials in teaching analysis with an integrated

noted above


Institutions: GARD

Individuals: Workshop Participants (addresses included in trip report)
N.Y. Baldeh
A.B. Banhura
I. Diallo
A. Fall
D. Gaines
F.B. Nee Gaye
G.O. Gaye
A. Gibba
I. Jack
Y.H. Jallow
J.O. Jobe
C. Mpopi Jonas
P. Kudiatu Jusu
A.J.S. Kanteh
M.T. Lahai
M. Marcin
D. Morre
J.E.O. Thomas
E. Bandeh
M. Darhoe
M. Nyang
C. Bojang
S. Sanneh
M. Dahaba
B. Bayo

1986, Second Quarter

S. Fatajoh
A. Udealor
P. Okyere
L.A. Jaiteh

K.M. Drameh
A. Mballow

C. Barfield
J. Caldwell
R.H. Norem
D. Taylor
L. Walecka
S. Sail
S. Fall
I. Jack
G.O. Gaye
P. Francis
J. De Pedro
F. Poey

Potential Trainers: none noted

Publication Potential: Workshop report including the case results of
the group activity sondeo and design exercises.


Demands on FSSP:

1. John Caldwell stated that there is a desire on the part of the Gambians
to hold another workshop in July or August('87 I think). The workshop
would be two weeks on Analysis and might included TI-59 or IBM-PC
methods as well. He was wondering about possibility of FSSP support
for 5 to 10 participants. The amount of GARD support/FSSP support
would be negotiable. The "revised" TU should be ready by then. May
also be good place for "Economic Analysis Unit" testing.

FSSP commitment-promised responses:

1. COA response to above statement: "It would be great if we could
continue with the workshops. From now on ALL country level workshops
must be 100% buy-in (no core funds are available). Also, by Aug '87 we
will probably (don't know '87 funds for sure) be out of funds for
regional workshops."

Materials collected: All supporting materials for the workshop.

1986, Second Quarter

Jones/Haiti/04/20 to 04/26/86

Region: Caribbean
Country: Haiti
Assignment: Evaluate Agricultural Development Support Project in Haiti
(ADS-11 Evaluation)
Name: James C. Jones
Date of Activity: April 20-26, 1986
Team: Uli Lochner, Mimi Gaudreau, John Lichte, Jan Broekhuyse
Home Institution: FSSP
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, FL 32611


Objectives: To organize and initiate the evaluation of the Agricultural
Development Support Project (ADS-11) for FSSP.

Accomplishments: Above objective was accomplished.
Visited on-farm research sites (Jacmel and Les Cayes)

1. FSR is not well integrated in Haiti. Institutions have overseen
agricultural developments in the past, but with rampant corruption.
2. Great interest expressed in the use of CRIES (Computerized Resource
Inventory and Evaluation System).
3. Haiti needs reliable national agricultural statistics.
4. Opposing viewpoints regarding collection of socio-economic data.
5. Lack of personnel to fulfill AID's expectation for an FSR program ,
a national survey and an agricultural data base.
6. Lack of socio-economic expertise on FSR team is weakness of
7. Information gathered for use with the CRIES software is neither
necessary nor sufficient for FSR/E operations.
8. Tendency to try to convince farmers to adopt technologies, leaning
toward a "top-down" approach.
9. May be a tendency to divorce data gathering from


Institutions: none noted

Richard Swanson
Mike Bertelsen
M. Baulieux
John Lewis
Vince Cusumano
Richard Bias
Daniel Cesar
Abdul Wahab

Extension, Haiti
AID manager of ADS-11 project
ADO, Haiti
AID project officer for agriculture
AID mission evaluation officer
Former ADS-11 project manager

1986, Second Quarter

Holly Chandler Peace Corps Volunteer

Potential Trainers: none noted

Publication Potential: none noted


Demands on FSSP:
FSR could have a major role in the thrust toward working in targeted
FSR should not be separated from the establishment of information base
(through CRIES).

FSSP commitment-promised responses: none noted

Materials collected: none noted


1986, Second Quarter

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