Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Executive summary

Group Title: Quarterly report (Farming Systems Support Project)
Title: Quarterly report
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00091285/00012
 Material Information
Title: Quarterly report
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Farming Systems Support Project
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Office of International Programs, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: July-September 1985
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00091285
Volume ID: VID00012
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Title Page
        Title Page
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents
    Executive summary
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
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        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
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        Page 19
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Full Text


July 1 to September 30, 1985





Executive Summary . . . . . . . ... .

Main Report

I. Setting . . . . . . . . .

II. General Accomplishments . . . . .

III. Conclusions . . . . . . . .

IV. Activity Reports . . . . . . .

Poats/E. Africa/07/13 to 08/05/85 . .

Andrew/Hawaii/07/15 to 07/23/85 . . .

FSSP/Costa Rica-CATIE/07/23 to 08/31/85

Fotzo/Egerton-Kenya/08/19 to 08/23/85 .

Jones/Honduras/09/08 to 09/13/85 . . .

Starkey and Apetofia/Nepal-Indonesia/09/17

Bernsten/Philippines/09/21 to 10/03/85 .








. . . . 16
. . . . 18

to 09/30/8 . 2

. . . . 425
. . . . . 5

. . . . . 5

. . . . . 9

. . . . 13

. . . . 16

. . . . 18

to 09/30/85 . 20

. . . . 25


The development and delivery of training units continued during
this quarter with workshops held both domestically and
internationally. These workshops provided a forum for the evaluation
of the training units. Considerable attention was directed toward
general program planning for 1986. Due to restrictions in FSSP's
financial base, a number of decisions were made concerning program
staff and delivery. These decisions included the reduction of staff,
the downgrading of both the Asian and Latin American programs, and a
focusing of support on the African program (specifically in West

With the reorientation of FSSP toward primary support to the
African program, future training and assistance can be adapted from
the experience gained in the Latin American and Asian programs to meet
the needs of the African region.

1985, Third Quarter


Training development and delivery continued with vigor in the
third quarter. The on-farm experimental design and analysis training
unit was used in the delivery of a domestic workshop. Not only did the
training materials enhance the workshop, but the workshop afforded
development and testing opportunities for the training unit. A
regional FSR/E workshop for sub-saharan Africa was held at Egerton
College in Kenya and included nine FSSP participants. Participants in
the Asian Farming systems Monitoring Tour/Workshop held at IRRI
reviewed the training materials and offered some constructive
recommendations. Major emphasis was given during the quarter to
planning for 1986 with a core three day planning session.
Unfortunately at the last moment Science & Technology was unable to
send a project manager or representative to this effort.


Development of training and learning materials continued with the
"Agronomic Experimental Design and Analysis Domestic Workshop". This
one week short course for US based participants on the topic of design
and analysis of on-farm research was delivered in Gainesville from
July 14-19, 1985. The sixteen participants included representatives
from the support entity community and from national programs in
developing countries. The course, which was led by core staff and
involved additional resource persons, provided further opportunity to
monitor and develop materials for the training unit.

The workshop, entitled, "Methodologies, Practical Approaches and

1985, Third Quarter

Potential Contributions of Farming Systems Research to Rural
Development", was held at Egerton College from August 19 to 23, 1985.
Nine African participants as well as FSSP staff member, S. Poats, were
funded by FSSP to attend the regional workshop.
The general planning effort of the FSSP directed toward 1986 and
beyond was specifically initiated in late August by the core staff.
Input available for that effort particularly included information
concerning restrictions on the financial base of the FSSP. Major
decisions had to be made relative to reducing staff and reducing
program delivery operations of the FSSP. For 1986 the actual budget
reduction is more than 50% of the anticipated budget spelled out in
earlier documentation within the cooperative agreement. The
uncertainty attached to budget levels and to gaining further support
for the overall program involved a considerable amount of the
Director's time in this quarter and the previous two quarters.

Specific planning goals entailed design of an overall program for
West Africa to be consistent with the forthcoming Africa Bureau
program and the general needs assessment work of the FSSP prior to
this time. It was expected that the FSSP external evaluation would be
available by the end of August for purposes of this meeting. The
meeting was established based upon an indication by the evaluation
team leader that the material would be available by August 15. No
information was available at that time with the exception of a brief
summary in the form of a memo from the project manager.
Recommendations relative to the West Africa and the West Africa
program were not forthcoming in that particular document. Refinement
of the work accomplished at the planning session continued throughout
September with a focus toward being prepared to generally discuss the
program at the annual meeting and symposium at Kansas State
University. The evaluation report was not available at the close of
September for final planning of the annual meeting.

In summary the FSSP core staff is being restructured including
downgrading the Asian and Latin American programs and the presence of
core staff in Washington, D.C. Two positions in particular will be

1985, Third Quarter

reduced including those held by Jim Jones and Ken McDermott. The plan
is to reduce the contribution to FSSP made by each to 25 % in the 1986
program. The Dan Galt position is redefined to include nearly full
attention to West Africa and program development activities generally
focused on world wide concerns but specifically oriented toward
delivery in West Africa. The Poats position remains for work in West
Africa. The Steve Kearl position will be cut by 50% with orientation
toward the publication program soley and thereby reducing his
contribution to overall FSSP program efforts. Adjustments are being
made in the support staff base which includes Walecka and Dean. This
support staff has in part been funded by the University of Florida and
provides a significant input into bio-data management, management of
visitor programs, and overall leadership in the programming of
training unit development.

III. Conclusions

A reorientation of the FSSP is well underway directed toward
support primarily to the Africa program. This does not entirely
exclude support for Asia and Latin America but does require that all
activity be funded either from mission or Bureau buy-ins as
appropriate and possible. Given the mounting enthusiasm for effort in
Asia as registered by trips in which Dan Galt has worked with the Asia
program, and the continuing enthusiasm in Latin America which has been
manifest in delivery efforts since the beginning of the FSSP, it
remains unfortunate that project funding does not allow for continuing
effort in Asia and Latin America at levels anticipated within the
cooperative agreement. For purposes of overall programming the
continued experience in Latin America and Asia is essential to making
the best effort possible fo- AID in Africa. Not all of farming
systems is generic but numerous experiences can be evaluated, adapted,
and considered when new programs are being established in Africa where
the overall research and extension experience is several decades
behind that of Latin America and Asia. This dilemma and challenge
face the FSSP as it proceeds into the last two years of the project.

1985, Third Quarter


Poats/East Africa/07/13 to 08/05/85

Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi
Assignment: Invited by CIMMYT to collaborate in the design of
several training and networking activities to involve East, West,
Central and Southern African countries.
Name: Susan V. Poats
Date of Activity: 07/13 to 08/05/85
Team: S. Poats only
Home Institution: FSSP

Address: 3028 McCarty Hall
University of Florida
Gainesville, FL 32611


1. To meet with CIMMYT East Africa Programme staff to plan
collaborative training and networking activities; specifically, the
Egerton workshop August 19-23, and the Rwanda orientation workshop
November 4-10.
2. To meet with the Egerton workshop steering committee to
finalize FSSP supported West African participants, FSSP core staff
contribution, overall budget, and to discuss potential avenues for
future networking activities which could grow out of the workshop.
3. To attend portions of the NGO Forum '85 at the UN End of the
Decade of Women Conference in Nairobi.
4. To travel to Rwanda and Burundi with Dr. Anandanjayasekeram,
CIMMYT, to help plan the November 4-10 orientation workshop for
Rwanda, Burundi and the Kivu region of Zaire. This trip will include
visits to USAID Kigali and Burundi, PNAP/CIP project in Ruhengeri,
Maize Program in Tamira, Rwanda, and Kizosi, Burundi, CIAT bean
program at Rubona, Twanda, IVRAZ and ISABU in Burundi, and the
Burundi/CIP potato program in Kizosi, Burundi.
5. To discuss the FSR/E Case Studies (FSSP/POP COUNCIL) with case
writers Diane Rocheleau and Louise Buck, ICRAF, and with other persons
who submitted expressions of interest from the region. I will also
discuss the possibility of a CIMMYT regional workshop in 1986 on case
studies .and methods of intra- and inter-household and gender analysis.
6. To v:.sit ICIPE to discuss the AGG5505 Plant Protection in
Tropica. ,Developing Countries with the director and training program
officer I shall be looking for materials for the course as well as
possible guest lecturers who might be in the US on other business.
7. To meet with USAID REDSO/ESA staff to discuss FSSP's
collaborative work with CIMMYT in the region.
8. To meet with Louise Fresco, Agricultural University,
Wageningen, Netherlands, to review a chapter we are writing jointly on

1985, 3rd Quarter 5

FSR/E in Africa and to determine whether she is available to
participate in training courses during the 1985-86 year.
9. To possibly make a side trip to Zaire for an exploratory visit
with the USAID mission concerning a request received the day before my
departure. This will only take place if arrangements are received in
Nairobi from AID/Kinshasa before departing for Rwanda and Burundi.
Accomplishments: All of the above objectives were accomplished.
1. Was brought up to date on CIP's and CIMMYT's activities in the
a. CIP- programs continue to grow
Rwanda's PNAP and new PRAPAC program very successful
Angelique Hagerud's variety research is going well
Mike Polts is completing his third year with Burundi
potato program
b. CIMMYT- adding 3 new agronomists into the region
increasing training programs
continuing the network'shop schedule
major program emphasis given to Ethiopia and
Tanzania (non-AID funds) and to Kenyan program
2. Met with Collinson concerning the arrangements for the Egerton
Workshop (08/19 to 08/23)
a. Egerton upgraded to full university status
b. Egerton has been conducting a small FSR project for over a
year with CIMMYT funding
c. Workshop planning conducted by workshop steering committee
d. Obtained tentative program of Egerton Workshop
e. Obtained agenda for senior administrator's networkshop
3. Visited Egerton College
a. Was briefed on current state of preparations for the
b. Discussed the workshop program, participants, and key
at a steering committee meeting (see main report for
c. Suggested women representation at workshop
d. Discussed the idea of a University-based FSR network
4. Met with Carolyn Barnes, REDSO/ESA
5. Met with Mike Collinson
a. Discussed Lesotho workshop and the need to examine the
of institutionalization
b. Discussed FSSP/POP COUNCIL FSR/E case studies. S. Poats
proposed that CIMMYT could sponsor a workshop on the topic of
intra-household and gender analysis
6. AID meeting
7. Visited Tamira ISAR station
8. Met with Martin Bicimupaka, PNAP
a. Briefed us on current potato development work and turn
over to
complete natural control
b. Briefly discussed Arkansas project
9. Met with Dr. Gahamanyi, ISAR, to discuss planning the November
orientation workshop

1985, 3rd Quarter

10. Meeting at IRAZ
11. Finalized arrangements for Egerton Workshop
12. Met with Diane Rocheleau, ICRAF
13. Met with Bob McCollough, APO REPSO/ESA to discuss lack of
on extension
14. Met with Tom Golder, ILIPE Tsetse fly program and discussed
Barfield/Poats course
Needs/Problems: See attached report.


Mike Collinson, CIMMYT
Sylvester Nganga, CIP, regional representative
George Hunt, CIP, regional post-harvest scientist
Ann Stroud, CIMMYT, agronomist and training consultant (will be
joining REDSO/ESA in September as regional agronomist)
Doug Tanner, CIMMYT, small grains agronomist
Dr. R. Musangi, Principal, Egerton College
Dr. Juma Ngogo, Egerton Collee, ag. economics department and chairman
of the steering committee for the workshop
Joel Ranson, CIMMYT, regional maize agronomist
B. Gelaw, CIMMYT, maize breeder
Joachim Voss, CIAT, anthropologist
David Dupras, Arkansas FSR project, project officer
Ed Robins, AID anthropologist
Rosmarie Fuchs-Carsch
David Fuchs-Carsch, ADO
Dr. Gahamanyi, DG ISAR Rwanda
Gene Chiavarolli, mission representative
Mr. Callixte Ntambabazi, station director, Tamira ISAR
Martin Bicimupada, PNAP
Zata Vickers, Minnesota Bean Storage Project
Mr. Nsabimana Dismas, Tamira Maize Program
Ms. Tessina, ISAR, national coordinator for maize
Oscar Ndabikngiye, ISABU, Director General
Ferdinand Ntirurumusi, Kisozi Station,.director
Dr. Maletano, IDRC, Kisozi Station
Louise Buck, CARE consultant
Bob Mc Cullough, ADG REDSO/ESA
Tom Golder, ICIPE, Tsetse fly program
M.E. Smalley, Academic Coordinator for the African Regional
Postgraduate Program in Insect Science (ARPPIS)
Achola Pala, anthropologist, ICIPE
Coring, head of REDSO
Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:


1985, 3rd Quarter

Demands on FSSP:
1. CIMMYT and Egerton will meet total costs of the Egerton
workshop and FSSP will reimburse them against the prepared budget.
2. Collinson hoped FSSP would support two participants to the
senior administrators' networkshop in November to be held in Lesotho.
S. Poats feels there should be an FSSP core representative, and
identify two West Africans (Anglophone/francophone) to attend the
3. Steering committee suggested strongly that S. Poats return for
the senior administrators' networkshop.
4. A formal request from FSSP/POP council should be made to
CIMMYT to sponsor workshop on intra household and gender issues.
5. S. Poats to participate as resource person in ISRA workshop.
FSSP commitment-promised responses:

Materials collected:
1. ICIPE Annual Report 1984
2. Project Paper for Burundi Small Farming Systems Research
3. Large road map for Burundi
4. Proceedings of IARD Inter-center Consultation on On-Farm
Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, Nairobi, October
1984, CIMMYT
5. Regional FSR Workshop FSSP Budget
6. List of Participants (appears in Egerton Trip report)
7. Regional Workshop Agenda
8. Networking-Progress and Needs in On-Farm Research with a

1985, 3rd Quarter

Andre'w/Hawaii/07/15 to 07/23/85

Region: US
Country: US
Assignment: Present a paper and attend the 1985 Summer Work
Conference, Resident Instruction Section, Division of Agriculture,
National Association of State University and Land Grant Colleges
Name: Chris O. Andrew
Date of Activity: 07/15 to 07/23, 1985
Home Institution: University of Florida
Address: International Programs
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, FL 32611


Present a paper titled "A Systems Based Educat-ion: Advancing the
Development and Use of FSR&D Methodologies" and participate in a
workshop titled "Food and Agricultural Systems Education: An
International State-of-the-Art Workshop".

Communication with the Agricultural Systems people will provide a
basis for further advancing knowledge and understanding of the role of
farming systems in the broader conceptual frame work of agricultural

Continued dialogue is needed so that some of the agricultural systems
concepts can be brought to bear on farming systems thinking and
methodology. This will help place farming systems work in the greater
systems context so that more macro and policy oriented considerations
can be linked to farm level production, welfare and potential.


Most US land grant universities were represented by their Deans of
resident instruction, University of Reading, University of Lancaster,
Khon Kaen University, University of Guam, East-West Center, Hawkesbury
Agricultural College, University of the Philippines.


1985, 3rd Quarter

Chris Andrew
B. Byrd Archer
Vernon Armbrester
Judy Barber
Dan Bartell
Ralph Barwick
Richard Bawden
Robert Blanchard
John Brand
Karl Brandt
Larry Branen
Annye Buck
James Carpenter
Eloise Carter
Patrick Casula
Peter Checkland
Chauncey Ching
Allene Chun
Kavi Chutikal
George Conneman
K. Jane Coulter
Brad Craig
Ted Darrow
David Fish
Dave Ford
Jack Fry
Doug Gelinas
Bill George
Chris Gibbs
Ed Glazner
Leslie Glover
Al Goecker
Glen Hall
Vivian Halverson
Glenn Hardy
Ted Hartung
Bob Heath
Don Howard
Luther Hughes
Paul Hummer
Ted Iyechad
Willie Jackson
Bonnie Johnson
Taylor Johnston
Ned Kefford
Bill Kelly
George Kent
Joe King
Yuki Kitagawa
Bruce Koppel
Joe Kunsman
Bob LaPrad
Ken Larson

University of Florida
Virginia State
University of West Virginia
University of Vermont
Montana State
University of Delaware
Hawkesbury Ag. Coll., Australia
University of New Hampshire
University of Connecticut
University of Idaho
University of the Dist. of Columbia
Mississippi State
Tuskegee Unive'rsity
USDA, Off. of Higher Education
University of Lancaster, England
University of Hawaii
University of Hawaii
Khon Kaen University, Thailand
Cornell University
USDA, Off. of Higher Education
North Carolina State
Ohio State
University of Hawaii
University of Florida
University of Maine
University of Illinois
East-West Center, Hawaii
North Carolina State
University of Arkansas, Pine Bluff
University of Tennessee
University of Hawaii
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville
University of Nebraska
University of California, Riverside
North Carolina State
Western Kentucky University
Oklahoma State
University of Guam
Alcorn State
Washington State
Michigan State
University of Hawaii
University of Vermont
University of Hawaii
University of Hawaii
East-West Center, Hawaii
University of Wyoming
Michigan State
Iowa State

1985, 3rd Quarter

Chuck Lindley
Gene Love
Ian Maw
Dick Merritt
Larry Miller
Gary Minish
Wally Mitchell
George Morren
Richard Morse
Ken Mortimer
Dave Mugler
Pat Naughton
George Nieswand
Roland Norman
Jim Oblinger
Joe O'Reilly
William Paty
Perry Philipp
Terry Rambo
Fred Rauch
Ken Reisch
John Robertson
Peter Rotar
Percy Sajise
Kobe Shoji
James Shufford
Mark Singley
George Sledge
Chris Smit
Robert Sowell
Colin Spedding
Dale Stansbury
Teresa Summers
Dwayne Suter
Bill Thomas
Gene Trotter
Phil Upchurch
Don Victor
Bob Voitle
Leo Walsh
Ross Wilkinson
Wen Williams
Kathy Wilson
Sylvia Yuen
Jerry Zachariah

Mississippi State
Pennsylvania State
USDA, Joint Council
University of Hawaii
East-West Center, Hawaii
Pennsylavania State
Kansas State
University of Hawaii
Tennessee State
University of Missouri
University of Hawaii
Castle & Cooke, Hawaii
University of Hawaii
East-West Center, Hawaii
University of Hawaii
Ohio State
University of Kentucky
University of Hawaii
University of the Philippines
Alexander & Baldwin, Hawaii
Alabama A & M
University of Wisconsin
University of Georgia
North Carolina State
University of Reading, England
Louisiana State
Texas A & M
Colorado State
Michigan State
University of Arizona
Texas A'& M
University of Wisconsin
North Dakota State
University of Georgia
University of Hawaii
University of Hawaii
University of Florida

Of particular importance. foi our work were:
Peter Checkland, University of Lancaster
Colin Spedding, Univers:ty of Reading
Terd Charsenwotana, Khoi, Kaen University
Richard Bawden, Hawkesbury Agricultural College

Potential Trainers: none specified
Publication Potential: none specified

1985, 3rd Quarter


Demands on FSSP:
Richard Bawden requested a set of the slide tape modules indicating
that they are outstanding. This comes from a long term educator who
has lead major changes in agricultural education in Australia.

FSSP commitment-promised responses:
No major commitments.

Materials collected:
Papers from the conference are on file.


1985, 3rd Quarter

FSSP/Costa Rica-CATIE/07/23 to 08/31/85

Region: Central America
Country: Costa Rica
Assignment: To carry out a final evaluation of CATIE Small Farm
Production Systems, project funded by ROCAP, Project 596-0083
Name: David Zimet, Agricultural economist, team leader
Joseph Conrad, Animal scientist
Edwin C. French III, Agronomist
Federico Poey, Agronomist

Date of Activity:
Home Institution:



1. Assess the effectiveness of the organizational and
administrative structure of CATIE and national institutions to
carry out multi-disciplinary research on crop/animal mixed
farming systems on a continuing basis.

2. Evaluate if CATIE, through the project, has been effective in
stimulating national interest and improving national
capability in farming systems research outreach and if it has
measurably enhanced cooperation and collaboration between
national and regional entities.


1. Completed evaluation and wrote report. Recommendations
In order to advance the state-of-the-art at CATIE so that CATIE can
render the best service to its member nations we recommend that:
a CATIE develop an FSR/E training strategy that includes principal
staff of all other projects. This would introduce staff to the
concepts of FSR/E and make them aware of possible application.
The strategy should also include permanent training activities at
the practitioner level including extension personnel. Effective
participation in international farming systems symposia should be
part of the strategy. This would increase the exchange of ideas
with other planners and practitioners, in effect broadening the
CATIE experience.

1985, 3rd Quarter

b Farming systems as a project be discontinued at CATIE but should
be incorporated farming systems components in other projects.
Integration can be supported via the training discussed above.
In addition, the first three stages of the farming systems
methodology site selection, characterization and design of
alternatives could be adapted to project design as well as
implementation. For example, a characterization would help
better orient the Integrated Pest Management Project.

c That CATIE retain core research staff competent to assist member
nations (and others) in their FSR/E projects as well as to supply
FSR/E support to CATIE projects.

d Farming systems be included in the academic curriculum at CATIE.
The training should include surveying producers in the field.

e Characterization documents should be divided into two parts. the
static characterization process should be shortenend and the
appropriate summary document be produced in a shorter time than
is currently utilized. The dynamic characterization summary
(mostly farm registers) should be separate and also produced more
quickly. These are part of the pre-validation phases.

f That static characterization document should get wider
circulation. Recipients should include those who perform an
extension function. The extension function does not have to be
performed by a national extension institution.

g That, in general, more documents produced by CATIE should be
directed towards extension personnel rather than towards the
scientific community. (IDIAP of Panama, a research institution,
does produce such documents.) Personnel specialized in that area
should be employed by CATIE.

h That efforts should be made to avoid projects that are
independent of existing organization. CATIE should work through
them in order to assure continuity of project activities.,

i That technology components (versus package or modules) be
researched in order to increase the number of trials.
Recommendations would then be alternatives that farmers could
incorporate according to their needs and capabilities.

j That CATIE concentrate it participation in the areas where it has
comparative advantage or much greater knowledge. These are
generally products with which other international institutions
have little experience. Amongst the products are livestock and
tree crops.

k That CATIE consider developing a seed project which would attempt
to enhance the production and marketing of seed to benefit the
small farmer.


1985, 3rd Quarter

Because of the effort that was made by CATIE, the countries that
participated in the CATIE-ROCAP farming systems project are now better
able to run their national farming systems research and extension
project. Despite this we feel that CATIE staff has become isolated
from developments in FSR/E. Among the evidence of the isolation are
the following:

over centralization of the diagnostic phase (yet we believe the
diagnoses were well-done);

lack of interaction with national institution in order to
establish the proper organization for responsive FSR/E field
teams; and

great emphasis on formal documentation.


Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:


Demands on FSSP:
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:

1985, 3rd Quarter

Fotzo/Egerton-Kenya 08/19 to 08/23/85

Region: East Africa
Country: Kenya
Assignment: Participation in Egerton workshop on "Methodologies,
practical approaches and potential contribution of Farming Systems
Research to Rural Development.
Name: Pascal Fotzo
Date of Activity: 8/19 to 8/23/85
Team: FSSP-supported participants(9).

Fotzo/Kenya-Egerton (from Cameroon) 8/1'8 to 08/24/85 (Taal-The
Gambia; Ongla-Cameroon; Aithnard-Togo; Dahniya-Sierra Leone;
Doumbia-Ivory Coast; Abalu, Olunga, Olukosi-Nigeria)

Home Institution:



a) The preparation and the presentation of a lead paper entitled
,"How Adaptive Research and Pre-extension Testing: The Case
of Upland Rice in West Africa".

b) My participation in a group discussion on the theme: "FSR
Approaches to Technology Generation, Programme and Policy

c) Chairmanship of the plenary session dealing with the
presentation of the results and recommendations stemming from
group discussion on "FSR approaches to technology generation,
programme and policy formulation".


1. Successfully reached above objectives.


None noted



1985, 3rd Quarter

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:


Demands on FSSP:
My participation in this workshop was sponsored by FSSP to whom I
am here expressing my sincere gratitude. But beyond this particular
sponsorship, I want to seize this opportunity to express my
appreciation to FSSP for the work they have been doing in West Africa
for the past two years (from Ouagadougou, Sept. 1983 to NJORD, August
1985). My association with FSSP during that period has been very
positive and their support to my FSR activities has been very
instrumental in facilitating my contact with other FSR practitioners
and getting access to the FSR fugitive literature. I am looking
forward to a more fruitful collaboration with FSSP.

FSSP commitment-promised responses:

1985, 3rd Quarter

Jones/Honduras/09/08 to 09/13/85

Region: Central America
Country: Honduras
Assignment: (partially funded by FSSP) To consult Escuela Agricola
Pan americana de Zamorano and visit the USAID office in Tegucigalpa.
Name: James C. Jones
Date of Activity: 9/8/85 to 9/13/85
Home Institution: University of Florida

Address: Int'l Programs/FSSP
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Fl 32611



1. To assist Dr. Keith Andrews, IPM specialist at Zamorano to
develop farming systems research program for the school.
2. To approach USAID/Honduras for funding the program.


1. Met with Simon Malo and Jorge Roman schools director and dean
respectively. Discussed developing FSR/E program for school.
Seemed that FSR/E did not have the endorsement of the

2. Drafted a general plan for an FSR/E program at Zamorano and
left it with Keith Andrews.

3. Visited the USAID/Honduras mission in Tegucigalpa and talked
with Richard Owens,the IPM project manager. Discussed the
proposed project and learned of the plan to create a
semi-autonomous institute that would be charged with research
and extension.



* Dr. Keith Andrews: integrated pet management specialist on Zamorano
staff (his secretary: Aleida).
* Margoth Chavez de Andrews: Salvadoran wife of Keith Andrews, now
finishing a Ph.D. in soil microbilogy at U. of Florida.
* Dr. Tom Dean: recent Ph. D. in IPM from Florida, at Zamorano doing

1985, 3rd Quarter

research and a prospect to replace Andrews during his sabbatical in
* Dr. Simon Malo: Ecuadorian director of EAP and graduate of the
school. Worked at Homestead(South Florida) for 16 years on research
* Jeff Landsdale: assistant to Simon Malo and charged with public
relations and fund raising for the school.
* Dr. Jorge Roman: Ecuadorian academic dean of EAP.
* Dr. Alfredo Montes: new Peruvian head of horticultural department.
Former assistant director of INIPA in Peru.
* Roberto Marenco: Nicaraguan and recent graduate of EAP, he is now
working as technician with Andrews' IPM project in Honduras.
* Dr. Leonardo Corral: new Ecuadorian head of agronomy department.
* Lic. Hector Barletta: communications supervisor of Andrews' IPM
* Ing. Richard Fisher: American agronomist(who formerly worked with
the Florida Ecuador contract) with the EAP IPM project in Honduras.
* Ing. Alfredo Rueda: Colombian and recent graduate of EAP who now
supervises extension part of EAP IPM project.
* Dr. Mauricio Salazar: Salvadorian head of livestock department at
* Dr. Miguel Velez: Colombian and professor in livestock department of
* Dave Joslyn: agricultural officer at ROCAP, Costa Rica; at Zamorano
to talk with the administration.

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:


Demands on FSSP: Do not anticipate requests from USAID/Honduras
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:

1985, 3rd Quarter

Starkey & Apetofia/Nepal-Indonesia/09/17 to 09/30/85

Region: Asia
Country: Nepal and Indonesia
Assignment: To participate in the second Crop-Livestock Research
Systems Tour of Nepal and Indonesia.
Name: Paul H. Starkey and Kossivi V. Apetofia
Date of Activity: 9/17 to 9/30/85
AdZress: Paul Starkey Kossivi Apetofia, Direc


Specialist in
Animal Traction

2 Wynchwood Cresent
Earley, Reading
RG6 2RA, U.K.

Project por la Promotion de
la Traction Animale

BP 82, Atakpame, Togo




To participate in the second Crop-Livestock Research Systems Tour
of Nepal and Indonesia to observe relevant implications for
animal traction programs in West Africa.


1. Completed tour and report. Table of Contents follows:


1. INTRODUCTION.................................................1


General................................... ................
Asian Rice Farming Systems Network...........................
West Africa Integrated Livestock Systems Network............
Crop Livestock Systems Research Monitoring Tour of Nepal
and Indonesia......................................... ....

2. CROP-LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS IN NEPAL ............................... 4


General description.........................................
Animal traction in Nepal.....................................
Farming systems research in Nepal............................

3. CROP-LIVESTOCK SYSTEMS IN INDONESIA..........................7

1985, 3rd Quarter

3.1. General description. .......................................... 7
3.2. Animal traction in Indonesia.................................. 8
3.3. Farming systems research in Indonesia ........................ 8

4. LESSONS FROM FIELD VISITS....................................10

4.1. The intensity of agricultural production....................10
4.2. Terraced hillsides ............................................10
4.3. Erosion. .................................................... 10
4.4. Stall feeding ................ .................... ...........11
4.5. Use of fodder trees.......................................... 11
4.6. Manure utilization.......................................... 12
4.7. Communal grazing.............................................12
4.8. Plow designs.................................................12
4.9. Yokes and other equipment........................................ 13
4.10. Control of working animals ..................................13
4.11. Use of cattle in swamp conditions... ......................... 14
4.12. Banteng or Bali cattle ......................................14
4.13. Waste disposal and fish farming..............................15
5. LESSONS FROM THE TOUR ORGANIZATION..........................16

5.1. Itinerary. .................................................. 16
5.2. The balance of tour activities...............................16
5.3. Field Visits.................................................17
5.4. Plenary Sessions................................................. 17

6.1. Research methodology ......................................... 19
6.1.1. General...................................................19
6.1.2. Assessment of draft power ................................19
6.1.3. Measuring the weight of cattle...........................20
6.1.4. Measuring feed intake................................... 21
6.2. Research and extension teams................................. 21
6.3. Lessons from Burma, China and the Philippines...............22

7. CONCLUSIONS ...............................................24

8. REFERENCES.. ................................................25


Institutions: ARFSN Asian rice Farming Systems Network.
West Africa Integrated Livestock Systems Network


Rosendo K. Palis IRRI/Burma Coop. Research Project Burma
Animal Scientist Ministry of agriculture, Burma
Cao Wenjie Vice-Director, agricultural modernization
Institute Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural

1985, 3rd Quarter


Yuan cong-yi

Yang Rui

Saleh Pandang

Uka Kusnadi

Aman Djauhari

Bambang Prawirodiputra

Iru Gandana Ismail

Iswandi Hasan Basri

Shyam Prasad Paudel

Dambar Bahadur Tamang

Braj Kishore P. Singh

Thierry C Delobel
Celestino Tampil

Janet Dabu

Agapito Ronduen

Perla L. Lopez

Domingo B. Roxas

Eusebio P. Mariano

Esteban L. Godilano

Director, Agricultural Modernization
Vice-Director, Institute of Animal
and Veterinary Medicine
Head, Agronomy Department Maros Res.
Institute for Food Crops
Livestock Specialist
Research Institute for Animal Production
Bogor, Indonesia
Central Research Institute for Food Crops
Bogor, Indonesia
Livestock Specialist Research Institute
for Animal Production Bogor, Indonesia
Cropping Systems Agronomist
Central Research Institute for Food Crops
Bogor, Indonesia
Head, Agronomy Division
Sukarami Research Institute for Food
Padang, Indonesia
Assistant Livestock Officer
Dept. of Livestock & Veterinary Services
Pokhara, Nepal
Agronomist, Division of Agronomy
Dept. of Agriculture
Khumaltar, Nepal
Agronomist, Integrated Cereals Project
Khumaltar, Nepal
Socio-Economist French Nepal Project
Research Coordinator, ARO
Ministry of Agriculture and Food
Research Coordinator, ARO
Ministry of Agriculture and Food
Research Coordinator, ARO
Ministry of Agriculture and Food
Professor, Institute of Animal Science
UPLB, Philippines
Asst. Professor, Institute of Animal
UPLB, Philippines
Asst. Professor, College of Development
Economics and Management
UPLB, Philippines
Research Coordinator, ARO-MAF

1985, 3rd Quarter

Serene Sanchez

Guindolino Gerona

Lambert Dissanayake

Aran Patanothai

Natavudh Bhasayavan

Wacharin Boonpakdee

Pilai Panumatmonton

Paul Starkey

Bai Kanu

S Apetofia Kossivi

Hugo Li Pun

M. Avila

B. Ndimande

Virgilio R. Carangal

Arsenio D. Calub

Marlin G. Van der Veen

Julian A. Lapitan

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:

International Rice Research Institute
Asst. Professor, Visayas State College of
Asst. Professor, Visayas State
College of Agriculture
Livestock Specialist
Agricultural Research Station
Maha Illupallama, Sri, Lanka
Professor, Faculty of Agriculture
Khon Kaen University
Agronomist, FSRI
Dept. of Agriculture
Bangkok, Thailand
Animal Nutritionist
Dept of Crop-Livestock Development
Bankok, Thailand
Economist, Office of Agricultural
Bangkok, Thailand
Adviser to Livestock Coordinating
Sierra Leone, West Africa
Representative, Work Oxen Project
Sierra Leone, West Africa
Directeur du Projet pour la Promotion
de la Traction Aminale (PROPTA)
Atakpame Togo
Program Officer
IDRC, Bogota, Columbia
Farming Systems Research Team Leader
Dept. of Research & Specialist Services
Deputy Director of Research
Dept. of Research& Specialist Services
Coordinator, ARFSN
International Rice Research Institute
Senior Research Fellow
International Rice Research Institute
International Rice Research Institute
Visiting Associate Field Specialist
International Rice Research Institute

1985, 3rd Quarter


Demands on FSSP:
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:

1985, 3rd Quarter

Bernsten/Philippines/09/21 tolO/03/85

Region: Asia
Country: Philippines
Name: Richard Bernsten
Date of Activity: 21 September 3 October, 1985
Team: N/A
Home Institution: Michigan State University
Address: Agricultural Economics Department
Agriculture Hall
Michigan State University
East Lansing, Michigan 48824


Objectives: The objectives of the trip were to:
1. Attend the Asian Farming Systems Monitoring Tour/Workshop.
2. Present to participants the FSR training material that have
been developed by the FSSP and obtain comments, suggestions for
3. Provide feedback to the FSSP regarding -training materials used
by the AFSN that may be appropriate for use in FSSP supported training

Accomplishments: All of the above objectives were accomplished.
Detailed information is provided in the trip report.

Needs/Problems: See attached report for details. Specific
comments/recommendations are made about the three training units and
the Paraguay Case Study.


Institutions: Representatives from all national prorams.participating
in the Monitoring Tour/Workshop, and staff of the International Rice,
International Center for Maize and Wheat, USAID, and the International
Development Research Centre.

Dr. Noel Magor, IRRI-BRRI Cooperative Project, Bangladesh
Mr. Afzal Hossain, IRRI-BRRI Cooperative Project, Bangladesh
Aktal Hassain Khan, IRRI-BRRI Cooperative Project, Bangladesh
Dr. Rosendo Palis, IRRI/Burma Cooperative Research Project, Burma
Dr. Kyow Shim, IRRI/Burma Cooperative Research Project, Burma
Dr. H. G. Zandstra,Director, IDRC, P.O. Box CP 8500, Canada
Dr. Gho Yi-Xian, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Peoples
Republic of China

1985, 3rd Quarter

He Guiting, Chinese Academy of Ag. Sciences, Peoples Republic of China
Dr. R. K. Pande, IASRI, New Delhli
Dr. D. D. J. Nagabhusanam, APAU, Hyderabad, India
Mr. S. S. Acharya Sukhadra, University of Udaipur, India
Ir. Heriyanto, Malang Research Institute for Food Crops (MASRIF),
Ir. Aman Jauhari, Central Research Institute for Food Crops, Indonesia
Dr. Sultoni Arifin, Agency for Agricultural Research and Development,
Mr. Ketut Djati, USAID, Indonesia
Iswandi H. Bashtri, Indonesia
Kee-Chai Chong, IADS, Indonesia
Mr. Rasolo Francois, FOFIFA, B.P. 1690, Madagascar
Mr. Randrianasolo Henri, FOFIPA, B.P. 1690, Madagascar
Dr. Shaban Shahar, MARDI, Serdang, Malaysia
Dr. Mian Islam, Pakistan Agaricultural Research Council, Pakistan
Dr. Arturo Gomez, Office of the Minister, Quezon City, Philippines
Glenn Paraico, ARO Region VI, Iloilo City, Philippines
Benjamin Carriaga, ARO Region XI, Davao City, Philippines
Flor Gagni, ARO Region, San Fernando, La Union, Philippines
Nestor Garcia, ARO Coordinator, UPLB, Philippines
Ms. Ranee Abadilla, Ministry of Agriculture & Food, Iloilo City,
Mr. Inocencio Bolo, IADS, San Agustin, Pili, Camarines Sur,
Mr. Pelagio Lavapie IV, RIARS-Farming Systems Research and Development
Activity, Camarines Sur, Philippines
Romulo Yanzon, RIARS-Farming Systems Research and Development, Pili,
Mr. Arnulfo Mascarinas, RIARS, Region V, Camarines Sur, Philippines
Ms. Emma Escover, ICLARM, Metro Manila, Philippines
Arsenio D. Calub, Rice Farming Systems
Julian A. Lapitan, Training and Tech. Transfer Department
Marlin G. Van Der Veen, Agricutural Economics
Tirso B. Paris, Agricultural Economics
Dan R. Minnick, TTTD
Richard A. Morris, Multiple Cropping
K. Moody, Agronomy Department
Leslie Laufer, Dept. of Ag. Economics
Anita L. Frio, Dept. of Ag. Economics
Thelma R. Paris, Dept. of Ag. Economics-
Raymundo Gonzaga, Dept. of Ag. Economics
Clem Gonzales, Dept. of Ag. Economics
Pedro B. Bueno, Dept. of Ag. Economics
Constancia Maranan, Dept. of Ag. Economics
Abraham Mandac, Depts. of Ag. Economics
M. Genesila, Dept. of Ag. Economics
J. A. Litsinger, Entomology Dept.
D. J. Greenland, Deputy Director General
T. W. Mew, Plant Pathology Dept.
Dr. Roberto Ranola, CDEM, UPLB
Dr. Domingo Roxas, Institute of Animal Science, UPLB
Dr. Jerry Sison, CDEM, UPLM
Prof. Eusebio Mariano, CDEM, UPLB

1985, 3rd Quarter

Dr. Dolores L. Alcober, Visayas State College of Agric., Bayba, Leyte
Ms. Leonila S. Parilla, VISCA
Ms. Amelia Alberti, VISCA
Mr. Tully R. Cornick, VISCA, Leyte
Dr. Clive Lightfoot, VISCA, Leyte
Dr. Aida Librero, Director, Socio-Economics Research Department,
PCARRD,Los Banos, Laguna
Dr. Beatriz del Rosario, Planning and Devlopment Office, PCARRD
Dr. Patricio Faylon, Director, Livestock Research Department, PCARRD
Dr. Rodolfo Arce, Central Luzon State University, Munoz, Nueva Ecija
Mr. P. M. Shrestra, CLSU
Dr. Ruben Sevi'lleja, CLSU
Dr. Kenneth MacKay, IDRC, Singapore
Dr. Christopher MacCormac, IDRC, Singapore
J.A.T.P. Gunawardena, Department of Agriculture, Sri Lanka
Dr. Larry W. Harrington, Economics Program, CIMMYT, Thailand
Dr. Methi Ekasingh, Chiang Mai University, Thailand
Dr. Supote Dechantes, Ministry of Ag. and Coop., Thailand
Mr. Supachai Bangliang, Department of Agriculture, Bangkok
Dr. Yves Crozat, Coordinator of Thai-French FSR Project, Thailand
Mr. Suriya Smutkupt, KSU-USAID Farming Systems Research Project,
Dr. Philip E. Church, Chief, USAID, USA
Dr. Timothy Frankenberger, USDA
Dr. Pervaiz Amir, Winrock International
Dr. Richard Bernsten, Michigan State University

Potential Trainers: Among the participants, there were a large number
of individuals with considerable experience and expertise in FSR.
Among the IRRI staff, key persons include Dr. Marlin Van Der Veen,
Noel Magnor (Bangladesh), and Anita Frio. If the FSSP plans to
follow up with regional training, Dr. Van Der Veen should be
contacted to identify individuals who could provide leadership in
a specific country.
Publication Potential: N/A


Demands on FSSP:

1. The IRRI staff would like to receive the revised FSSP training
material so they could select components to use in their training
activities and make this available to national programs.

,2. Snme participants requested that they would like to be added to
the FSSP mailing list and receive the revised training materials
(see attached for names and addresses).

FSSP commitment-promised responses: Provide the above noted material
when it is available.

Materials collected:

1985, 3rd Quarter

1. Monitoring Tour/Workshop schedule with names and addresses of

2. Compendium of papers presented at the Workshop (two volumes).

3. Syllabus for "The Farming Systems Socio-Economics Training
Course, IRRI, 1984".

4. Completed evaluation sheets for the various FSSP training


1985, 3rd Quarter

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