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Group Title: Quarterly report (Farming Systems Support Project)
Title: Quarterly report
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Title: Quarterly report
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Language: English
Creator: Farming Systems Support Project
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Office of International Programs, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: October-December 1983
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Volume ID: VID00005
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FIFTH QUARTERLY REPORT

1983 4th Quarter

OCTOBER DECEMBER 1983

THE FARMING SYSTEMS SUPPORT PROJECT

SUBMITTED BY:
INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

SUBMITTED TO:
U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY










TABLE OF CONTENTS

Executive Summary..................................................

Main Report

I. Setting ............ ....................................... 2

II. General Accomplishments ..................................... 2

III. Conclusion ...... .............................. ................ 3

IV. Activity Reports

25. French/Honduras/lO/0 to 10/10/83........................4

26. Poey/Paraguay/10/10 to 12/23/83..........................6

27. Jones/Peru/10/09 to 10/15/83................ .......... .9

28. McDermott/E. Africa-CIMMYT/10/14 to 10/29/83............11

29. McDermott/CIMMYT-Zimbabwe/10/83......................... 15

30. McDermott/CIMMYT-Swaziland/10/83......................17

31. McDermott/CIMMYT-Lesotho/10/83......................... 19

32. McDermott/CIMMYT-Malawi/10/83...........................21

33. Jones/Peru/11/7 to 11/13/83............................ 23

34. Andrew/Zimbawe/12/6 to 12/9/83....................*.....25







Fifth Quarter-Executive Summary


The primary task, early in the fifth quarter, was to develop the
1984 Workplan and the 1983 Annual Report. It is apparent that more
time was needed for development of the Workplan and this acquired
knowledge will be applied to development of the 1985 Workplan. The
1984 Workplan drafts were presented by the Director in Gainesville and
in Washington.

FSSP held the 1983 FSSP Annual meeting in Manhattan, Kansas which
offered the first opportunity to bring together all individuals
involved in the FSSP network. A basis for establishing and
strengthening a domestic support network materialized.

FSSP activities occurred in both Africa and Latin America. In
Africa, the Director attended the African ADO/RDO conference in
Zimbabwe and Dr. McDermott participated in an evaluation of CIMMYT
projects in Lesotho, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, and Malawi. In Latin
America, Dr. Jones made an initial and follow-up visit to Peru in
response to AID/Lima's request for assistance. The FSSP sponsored a
seminar on the Farming Systems approach to the generation, evaluation,
and adaption of technology in Paraguay.

Program management moved forward. An FSSP visitors program was
begun and Mr. Jim Dean was hired to assist with the program, as well
as to perform other support activities. The impact of the first two
newsletters and other communication efforts were evidenced this
quarter. Further effort is required on the financial and budget side
of the operation.






I. SETTING


A major goal of the Director at the beginning of this quarter was
to bring forth the 1984 Work Plan and the 1983 Annual Report before
the end of the calendar year. The flurry of activity surrounding
orientation workshops and technical assistance--including the travel
of several Core Staff at the very beginning of their initiation
period--created an environment of near chaos for planning purposes.
It was evident that further experience with the FSSP was needed as a
basis for detailed planning time was at a premium due to the pressure
for delivery on technical assistance and orientation programs.


II. PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS

While the desire for planning and reporting was strong, the
activity took its course in a slow but positive way leading toward the
1983 FSSP Annual Meeting in Manhattan, Kansas. This annual meeting
was meaningful because it brought together for the first time FSSP/SE
program associates, program leaders and administrative coordinators
for the Farming Systems Symposium. The Third Annual Symposium focused
on livestock, was generally well attended and quite successful. Those
who had attended earlier symposiums at Kansas State were pleased with
the progress in terms of improved quality in presentations and
knowledge of farming systems. The FSSP Annual meeting provided a
forum for eliciting interests, problems and needs that could be
addressed in the-1984 Work Plan relative to SE involvement. Several
small workshops of the Technical Committee, Advisory Council, a
management group, program leaders and enthusiasts for domestic
programming, yielded results that provided a basis for establishing
and strengthening a domestic support network.

Evident by this quarter was the impact of the Newsletter and other
communication efforts associated with strengthening and focusing
concepts in farming systems toward greater consistency in thought.
Early Newsletter articles were points of reference for various
discussions and indicated the important role this communication piece
can play in the future.

An FSSP visitors program began at the University of Florida with
some support from the FSSP and support from IFAS International
Programs. These visitors are attracted to Florida because of the FSSP
and the North Florida FSR/E project. Mr. Jim Dean was hired to assist
with the effort. Mr. Dean also broadened his skills and knowledge
regarding data-base management for purposes of strengthening the
communication capability of the FSSP internally and externally.
Visitors to the University of Florida were given an opportunity to
review training modules, to visit with Core staff and other
individuals having international experience in farming systems, and to
visit the North Florida Farming Systems Project. A fee schedule, to
be paid by visitors, has been established to help support this effort,
providing a precedent for a visitors procedure that will facilitate a
program, yet not strain the domestic efforts. At the same time it






provides a solid base for productive visits by international and
domestic visitors to the University.

Late in the quarter, emphasis was given to the development of the
1984 Work Plan, a draft of which was presented in Gainesville to the
Advisory Council, Dr. Hugh Popenoe and Dr. E.T. York. Comments from
this presentation were embodied in a second draft for presentation to
the AID Bureaus in Washington.

The Director and Ken McDermott attended the Africa Bureau
conference in Harare,Zimbabwe for Agriculture and Rural Development
Officers. Contacts were made which will enhance the support available
to AID Missions from the FSSP.

III. CONCLUSIONS

It is evident that more time should have been allotted to the
development of the 1984 Work Plan. The Work Plan for 1985 will
benefit from the implementation efforts and strategy sessions that
brought the 1984 Work Plan into realization. The FSSP was neither
afforded the luxury through AID programming nor through having a
seasoned Core Staff to provide all of the necessary refinements in the
1984 Work Plan that might have been expected. Nevertheless, the
effort was earnest and achieved significantly greater specificity and
depth than that of 1983. The effort was of a building nature and the
accompanying tribulations were to be expected, given the very
rudimentary beginnings of the FSSP. It was also evident in the
development of the 1983 Annual Report that formatting and careful
guidelines would have further facilitated the process and will be
necessary in 1984 as the 1984 Annual Report is developed. The
appendices associated with the 1983 Annual Report brought much of the
activity of the FSSP into focus and provide a solid reference base
from which to evaluate the flow of the program over time.

Further effort needs to be given to the financial and budget side
of the operation. The budget, however, as initially developed by S&T,
served effectively as a general guide for the program. The
flexibility with which it was developed and the ends for which it was
designed--including complete line item and program
flexibility--provide a strong support structure. Careful attention
needs to be given to overall budget procedures and to the "buy-in"
procedures for AID Missions during 1984.








IV. ACTIVITY REPORTS


25. French/Honduras/lO/01 to 10/10/83

Region: Latin America
Country: Honduras
Assignment: To carry out a Sondeo for USAID/Florida project in
Honduras.
Name: E. C. French
Date of Activity: 10/01 to 10/10/83
Team: E.C. French, G.E. Goodell, S. Ruano
Home Institution: University of Florida
Address: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
Department of Agronomy
University of Florida
Gainesville, Florida 32611

PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Obj ectives:
1. To serve as the team leader and agronomist of a farm
survey team carrying out an abbreviated Sondeo in support of
the on-going USAID/Florida proj ect "Integrated Pest
Management in Honduras." The Sondeo was carried out in three
geographical areas, including the Danli valley and two
locations in the Comayagua Valley.

2. To evaluate the three areas using sondeo methodology :
a) Derive criteria to be used in selection of areas for
continued work.
b) Derive criteria to be used in the design of a
comprehensive integrated pest management program to be
carried out by Dr. Keith Andrew (director of the proj ect).
The focus was on insect pests in corn and beans with an
emphasis on slug control and other insect complexes in beans
and corn.

Accomplishments:
1. Met all objectives.

2. A comprehensive report was to be published- "Pre-Sondeo
de las Areas del Projecto 'Manejo integrado de plagas en
Honduras'".

Needs/Problems:
1. Follow-up Sondeo carried out as part of midway and /or
final project evaluation.

2. Diagnostic techniques should have been employed earlier in
the project.

CONTACTS







Individuals:
Dr. Simon Malo, Director of Zamorano
Dr. Jorge Chung, Head of Agronomy Section
Dr. Keith Andrew, Director of Project and professor of
entomology at Zamorano

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential: The socioeconomic colchon, an important
consideration preceding technology generation.

FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP: Simon suggested that a FSSP short course be
held at Zamorano. Invitation could be sent to Central
American countries.

FSSP commitment-promised responses: None
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:






26. Poey/Paraguay/12/12


Region: South America
Country: Paraguay
Assignment: Seminar on FS approach to the Generation, Evaluation
and Adaption of Technology in Asuncion, Paraguay.
Name: Frederico Poey
Date of Activity: 12/12 to 12/16/83
Team: Dr. Frederico Poey, Plant Breeder Agronomist, AGRIDEC
Dr. Sergio Ruano, Socioeconomist, ICTA
Dr. Edgardo Moscardi, Economist, CIMMYT

Home Institution: AGRIDEC

Address: 1414 Ferdinand Street
Coral Gables, FL 33134
PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Objectives: Through consultation with FSSP headquarters in
Gainesville:


1. To organize programs and identify personnel to carry on a
seminar.

2. To follow up necessary logistics and financing.

3. To coordinate activities with AID mission and Servicio de
Extension Agropecuaria in Asuncion.

4. To identify and prepare audiovisual and reading material
for the event.


Accomplishments: 1. Met all objectives.

2. SEAG and USAID/Paraguay agreed to extend the life of the
project for one more year.

3. The consultants' terms of reference for a one year Farming
System's specialist contract and tentative program and dates
for the seminar and short course were agreed upon.

Needs/Problems: 1. Suggested to carry on a Seminar at a
decision-makers level with Servicio de Extension
Agropecuaria(SEAG) and other national institutions.

2. Should follow-up with an applied short course to field
staff.

3. Contract a full-time consultant with ample experience on
the farming systems approach.

4. Weak point- is the needed cooperation between research and


to 12/16/83







extension institutions which, the team feels, can be achieved
by the international support given by CIMMYT and FSSP to the
research and extension local institutions separately.

CONTACTS

Institutions: USAID/Paraguay SEAG
Individuals: Coordinators:
Juan Molinas
Pedro Lino Morel
Migfuel A. Ruiz Arce
Nimia Achar Vargas

Panelists:
Federico Poey
Edgardo Moscardi, CIMMYT
Sergio Ruano, ICTA

Participants in Seminar:
Jose Carlos Galeano, Chief CRDR Pilar, SEAG
Candido Bogado, Chief CRDR Cuel Bogado, SEAG
Leoncio Quintana, Chief CRDR Ira, SEAG
Guillermo Cespedes, Ibycui SEAG
Juan Ignacio Corales, Chief CRDR San Juan Bta.SEAG
Roberto Rodriguez, Chief CRDR Caazapa. SEAG
Juan Bernal, Supervisor North Zone(Concepcion)SEAG
Alicia S. D Pedrozo, Cajutan Miranda, CRIA
Porfirio Riqueline, Cajutan Miranda, CRIA
Roberto Blanco Gonzalez, PRONIEGA
Dario Balinotti, PRONIEGA
Jose Casaccia, PRONIEGA
Celso Regunega, F.C.V.
Marios Villalba, Caacupe, IAN
Luis Alberrto Caceres, Caacupe, IAN
Gilberto Gonzalez, SEAG/CREDICOOP
Pedro Lino Morel, General Supervisor of SEAG
Julio Bruno, Pjt. Coor. of Urban and Rural Dev't
Roberto Jaia, Project Coordinator, Alta Panama
Rinaldo Moreno, Technical Coordination of PTPA
Juan Audry Morel, Program Coor. of Rural Admin.
Antoliano Lopez Portillo, Program and Eval., SEAG
Pedro Jimenez, Coordinator PAC (SEAG)
Cesar Rodriguez, Technical coordination of PAC
Miguel Angel Ruiz Arce, Coordinator PTPA (SEAG)


Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:



FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP: Suggested that FSSP and CIMMYT sponsor two







additional short in-service courses using a two man team (one
from each) to:
a. physically define, prepare, and plant some
field trials.

b. analyse and interpret results of said
trials.

FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:





27. Jones/Peru/10/09 to 10/15/83


Region: Latin America
Country: Peru
Assignment: Initial response to AID/Lima request.
Name: James C. Jones
Date of Activity: October 9-15, 1983
Team:
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611


PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Objectives: 1.To make an initial response to AID/Lima's request
for assistance from FSSP with plan MERIS(mejoramiento de
riegos en la sierra).


Accomplishments: 1. Had informational conversation with Mr. Ray
Waldron, MERIS Project Manager.

2. Attended a meeting of MERIS Project Review Committee.

3. Exit visit with USAID.


Needs/Problems: 1. Based on the recent internal USAID evaluation
of Plan MERIS, the project is officially deemed a failure
and faces possible cancellation.

2. Waldron disagrees with the conclusions of the evaluation
and feels that the evaluation was inadequate. He feels that
it did not concentrate on specific project accomplishments.

3. Desire to reprogram the remaining funds of the MERIS
project away from infrastructure toward agricultural
development.

4. If the program is required to start over it will loose
valuable time and money.

5. Limited money dispersal because of institutional
instability in Peru.

6. Friction between INIPA and UNA exists (George Naderman).







7. Land division after agrarian reform problematical in
small plots(Waldron).

8. Too little attention has been given to institutional
linkages or socio-economic aspects of the impacted
areas(Sanbrailo).

9. Mission should express its dissatisfaction with the
Washington evaluation and request that another evaluation be
done soon(Sanbrailo).

CONTACTS

Institutions: USAID/Peru; MERIS
Individuals: Mr. Ray Waldron, MERIS
David Hess, USAID anthropologist
David Bathrick, ADO USAID
John Sanbrailo, USAID director of mission
George Naderman, NCState extension specialist
George Hill, USAID deputy mission director
Fred Mann, University of Missouri ag economist
Publication potential:
Potential Trainers:






FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP: Help with institutional linkages understanding.
There was talk of fielding a technical assistance team.
FSSP commitment-promised responses: Return Visit-- to visit
project sites; conduct a one day seminar to expose
Peruvian staff to the farming systems approach.

Materials collected: 1. Waldron will send Jim Jones an outline of
the paper he wants FSSP to write requesting an extension of
Plan MERIS.

2. Waldron will send Jones a copy of the original Project
Paper and evaluation of project conducted in 1981.

Contributions to Inventory:







28. McDermott/E.Africa-CIMMYT/10/14 to 10/29/83


Region: East Africa
Country: Regional separatee reports filed for individual
countries: Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland, Zimbabwe)
Assignment: CIMMYT East Africa Economic Grand Project(evaluation
Name: JKMcDermott
Date of Activity: October, 1983
Team:
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611

PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Obj ectives: 1. To participate in a comprehensive evaluation of
the CIMMYT projects in East Africa.

CIMMYT PROGRAM: The system emphasizes direct contact with
farmers in research activities. The project has four main
components:

a. Training- designed for the professional
level worker.

b. Direct Assistance- includes counsel on
reorganizing the research system.

c. Networking- includes a newsletter, recurring
seminar of research administrators, series of
technical workshops, and inter-country visits.

d. Institutionalization- will be a function of
all other activities.

EVALUATION OF CIMMYT: As contained in the cable to the field
Unclassified state 279487, Sept. 29,1983.

1. Assess the effectiveness of the CIMMYT inputs provided
under the project and the impact these have had on achieving
project outputs and purpose.

2. Examine the relationship of CIMMYT's efforts to ongoing
and planned programs of other international centers (ICRISAT,
IITA, CIAT) in Eastern and Southern Africa to the various
Title XII research programs (both bilateral and Coolaborative
Research Support Project (CRSP), and to the S and T Farming
Systems Support Project being implemented through the
University of Florida.







3. Review project implementation and rate of expenditures to
determine further accomplishments which reasonably can be
expected through remaining life of project or probable
shortfalls against targets. Provide a brief up dated
implementation schedule.

4. Evaluation should address programmatic issues with respect
to further support to FSR program in Eastern and Southern
Africa.

5. Examine the relationships between CIMMYT and AID contract
universities.

6. Review financial and project progress reports to
REDSO/ESA, RFMC/NAIROBI, and AFR/RA reports in light of
reporting requirements of the grant.

7. Assess the utility of CIMMYT's rapid assessment survey
techniques in terms of acceptance, strengths, and weaknesses.

8. Examine the success of CIMMYT's methods used in training
sessions.

9. Rewiew the status of the International Institute for
Tropical Agriculture (IITA) research agronomist involvement
in the CIMMYT project. (This position never materialized)


Accomplishments: 1. Completed evaluation and wrote report
"CIMMYT East Africa Economics, Grant Project 698-0444."

2. Made recommendations:

a. Project should be extended continuing in the present
format and under current administrative arrangement.

b. Program should be expanded to include an agronomist.

c. CIMMYT's greatest impact may be early in project history,
therefore recommend assistance to Rwanda and Burundi even at
the expense of delay inb certain calls in other countries.

d. Should continue as a grant which gives CIMMYT operational
flexibility and does not place heavy management burden on
AID.

e. Needs to be some strategic planning between AID and
CIMMYT.

f. AID needs to give CIMMYT a reasonably long planning
horizon in order to offer some security to its clients and
collaborators.

g. Little reason exists to merge FSSP and CIMMYT. FSSP and







CIMMYT should be encouraged by AID to hold a joint seminar to
assess the state of the art, to explain each its own program
to the other, to explore various means of collaborations, and
to analyze needs in further development of the FSR are of
competence.

h. CIMMYT and REDSO should develop a networking strategy for
the region.




Needs/Problems: 1. CIMMYT has given some countries more
attention than others.

2. Given the great number of donor entities involved, a
strategy of collaboration between institutions is needed.

3. The technical workshop may shortfall schedule.

4. Perhaps a more vigorous promotion of the inter-country
visitations in the Newsletter would increase special interest
networking.

5. Some U.S. University personnel do not take readily to the
CIMMYT system, however, the problem is not widespread.

6. CIMMYT is being urged to deal more explicitly with
livestock. It will likely work out a collaboration with
ILCA.

7. Needs to bring extension into FSR.

8. Needs to make more use of agronomists, however, up until
now the lack of agronomists on the CIMMYT team has not been a
limiting factor.

9. Networking possibilities are perhaps not fully exploited.

10. Expatriate personnel expressed needs for contact with
other countries--both expatriates and nationals.

11. More attention is needed for news items of what is
happening in the region.

12. CIMMYT reports to AID have been skimpy.

13. Until now CIMMYT has emphasized the professional worker
in its programs. There is a need for training the
sub-professional.








CONTACTS


Institutions: CIMMYT, FSSP, AID, IITA,ICRISAT,CIAT
Individuals: See the following individual country reports for
listings of individuals:
Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Potential Trainers: CIMMYT offers an excellent knowledge and
understanding of East and South African research
institutions.
Publication Potential:



FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP: 1. FSSP and CIMMYT have had considerable
contact. Discussions have centered on ways to work together.

2. FSSP has networking responsibility, but will not likely be
active in this region except in collaboration with CIMMYT.

3. FSSP can "support" CIMMYT as well as any other entity.

4. AID should expect increased collaboration between FSSP and
CIMMYT as FSSP gathers momentum.
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:








29. McDermott/CIMMYT-Zimbabwe/ 10/83


Region: Southern Africa
Country: Zimbabwe
Assignment: CIMMYT evali
Name: JKMcDermott
Date of Activity: Oct
Team:


Home Institutio
Address:


nation

1983


n: FSSP (University of Florida)
Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611


PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Obj ectives: 1. To review the farming systems program which was
started with CIMMYT help and with a close collaboration
between the Research and Specialist Services Division (RSS)
of the Ministry of Agriculture, The Ministry Extension
Service, and the Faculty of Agriculture of the University of
Zimbabwe.

Accomplishments: 1. Review completed.

2. The Ministry of Agriculture has kept in touch with CIMMYT
from the beginning and is confident in its work. Wants
further CIMMYT attention.

Needs/Problems: .1. CIMMYT is working with the Land Management
Department to put on two training sessions a year for the
region. This is not technically part of the training program
but would be in the Agency's interest.

2. There are no RSS economists available to work in FSR.

3. Over-zealous reception of FSR creates fear that too much
is expected.

4. RSS has no plans to increase its investment in FSR.




CONTACTS

Institutions: SADCC/ SACCAR/RSS of the Ministry of Agriculture/
The Ministry of Extension Service/ University of Zimbabwe.


Individuals: Marc Winter, USAID
Phillip Chigaru, Ministry of Ag., RSS







Ephraim Whingwiri, RSS, head of agronomy institute
Enos Shumba, Agronomy Institute
Malcolm Blackie, Faculty of Ag. Univ. of Zambia
Mandie Rukuni, Dept of Land Management, UZ
Sam Muchena, Ministry of Agriculture, Dept. Sec.

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:



FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP:
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:







30. McDermott/Swaziland-CIMMYT/10/83


Region: Southern Africa
Country: Swaziland
Assignment: To evaluate the CIMMYT activity in Swaziland.
Name: JKMcDermott
Date of Activity: Oct 1983
Team:
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611


PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Objectives: 1. To evaluate the CIMMYT activity in Swaziland.

Accomplishments: 1. Completed evaluation. In general the PSU
team has found CIMMYT assistance to be very helpful.

Needs/Problems: 1. Training of sub-professionals in FSR.

2. Work to adapt the system to irrigated commercial vegetable
production in one area.

3. Most of the research service has not been closely-involved
in FSR learning.

4. Extension has not been integrated into the on-farm trials.

5. More networking wanted.





CONTACTS

Institutions: USAID, PSU
Individuals: Robert Huesman, USAID Director
Jimmy Philpott, USAID
Paul Daley, USAID
Shane McCarthy, USAID
Gale Dunn, PSU, irrigation economist
Christopher Seubert, PSU, agronomist
Tom King, PSU
D. Greroble, PSU, horticulturalist
Roland Freund, PSU, economist







Norma Themba, Director of Research and Planning *
Frank Buckman, Chief Research Officer*
Robert Thwalla, Senior Agricultural Officer*
Basil Maphala, research economist*

Government of Swaziland

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:



FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP:
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:







31. McDermott/Lesotho-CIMMYT/10/83


Region: Southern Africa
Country: Lesotho
Assignment: CIMMYT Evaluation
Name: JKMcDermott
Date of Activity: Oct. 1983
Team:
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611


PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Objectives: 1. To evaluate the CIMMYT project (for further
details see CIMMYT East Africa regional report).

Accomplishments: 1. Two CIMMYT visits have been made.

Needs/Problems: 1. Although some confusion existed within the
project, no help was requested.
2. Need for assistance with on-farm trials, including
development of an on-farm trial strategy, design of trials,
and analysis and interpretation of on-farm trial results.

3. Need to foster communication among technical people in the
region with common interests.

4. Need for training of top level sub-professionals in basic
research technologies.

5. The evolution of the CIMMYT (as well as FSSP) does not
handle extension adequately.

6. One set of needs addressed help in subject matter.

7. Seemed to be a hesitance to call on CIMMYT (perhaps
because of a lack of information).

8. More attention needed to the training of some extension
personnel up to a level equal to that of most researchers.


CONTACTS

Institutions:
Individuals: Edna Borady, USAID Mission Director







Barry Hill, USAID
Jim Dunn, SAID
Winston Ntsche, Director
Abraham Sefeame, Research Division
Clark Ballard, WSU Team
David Holland, WSU Team
Gordon Van Eps, WSU Team
Earl Klosterman, WSU Team
Peter Wyeth, WSU
David Youmans, WSU
Mark Wood, Peace Corps


Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:



FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP:
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:







32. McDermott/Malawi-CIMMYT/10/83


Region: Southern Africa
Country: Malawi
Assignment: CIMMYT regional
Name: JKMcDermott
Date of Activity: Oct 1983
Team:


Home Institution:
Address:


evaluation


FSSP (University of Florida)
Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611


PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Objectives: 1. To examine the present state of agricultural
research which is being reorganized to bring FSR in as an
integral part of the research program. There are plans to
adopt the CIMMYT system.

Accomplishments: 1. Overview and evaluation completed.

2. Visited two Agricultural Development Divisions (ADD's).

Needs/Problems: 1. Director of extension felt somewhat left out
of the adaptive research effort.

2. Disappointment in that CIMMYT does not work with
livestock.

3. Need for ample training opportunities.

4. DAR does not want to share its training resource with
extension.




CONTACTS

Institutions: USAID/Malawi; CIMMYT, DAR, Lilongwe Agricultural
Development Division, Kasumbo Agricultural Development
Division, Bunda College


Individuals: Bill Judy, USAID
David Garms, USAID
Willie Lipato, Ministry of Agriculture
Gilbert Chirwa, Planning Division, Min. of Ag.







Terry Legg, Ministry of Agriculture
M. Muwilo, Ministry of Ag. (extension)
Henry Mwandemere, Ministry of Agriculture
Tony Standen, Controller, Ministry of Agriculture
Richard Bolt, Ministry of Agriculture
M. Erez, Ministry of Agriculture
SS. Kamvazuba, Ministry of Agriculture(Livestock)
F.M. Kangaude, Lilongwe Ag. Development Division
G.S.Z. Jere, Lilongwe Ag. Development Division
Perine Jere, Lilongwe Ag. Development Division
Nick Sichinga, Kasumbo Ag. Development Division
P.N.H. Zulu, Kasumbo Ag. Development Division
M.E. Geake, Kasumbo Ag. Development Division
A.G. Khum ban yina, Kasumbo Ag. Dev. Division
Ray Billingsley, Bunda College

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:



FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP:
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:






33. J.Jones/Peru/Nov 7-13,1983


Region: South America
Country: Peru
Assignment: Plan MERIS
Name: James C. Jones
Date of Activity: Nov 7-13,1984
Team:
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University Of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611


PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Obj ectives: Continuation of activities in Peru Oct 9-14,1983.

Accomplishments: 1. Visited several of the MERIS subprojects in
the Mantaro Valley.

2. Discussed the project in that region with personnel both
at the jefatura in Huancayo and at the subproject level.


Needs/Problems: 1. MERIS was barely discussed since there was
some friction between INIPA, which wants to take over
Plan MERIS, and MERIS.



CONTACTS

Institutions: INIPA; MERIS
Individuals: Bruce Anderson, retired engineer from Utah State and
former CID director of Water Synthesis II Project.
Ray Waldron, Meris Project director at USAID mission
Alfredo Montes, deputy director of INIPA
Pedro Sanchez, director of the North Carolina State Research,
Extension and Education project in Peru.
Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:


FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP: Wanted to know how FSSP could cooperate with
Water Synthesis II in order to reorient MERIS along farming






systems lines.


Montes would like the FSSP to design viable farming systems
in these regions.
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:








34. Andrew/Zimbabwe/12/6 to 12/9/83


Region: East Africa
Country: Zimbabwe
Assignment: Attend the African ADO/RDO conference
Name: Chris Andrew
Date of Activity: 12/6 to 12/9/83
Team: Ken McDermott, Chris Andrew
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611

PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Objectives: 1. To present the FSSP roles and responsibilities and
opportunies to the ADO/RDO participants in a seminar and informal
sessions.

2. To assess needs where possible for forthcoming FSSP activities.

3. To participate in discussions relative to the strengths and
weaknesses of Farming Systems Research and Extension as a tool for
development -in Africa.

4. To learn about the overall programs and concerns in the ADO/RDO
offices in Africa.


Accomplishments: 1. Numerous informal meetings were held and contacts were
established that will be of value to the FSSP in the future.

2. The presentation and the seminar was well received and fit into some
of the discussions in the day long session that was devoted to FSR/E.

3. The successful contact and communication established earlier in the
year with CIMMYT was continued in discussions with Alan Lowe of CIMMYT.


Needs/Problems:
1.lt is clear that continuous contacts of this nature are essential and
we should be brought into such conferences at every opportunity.

2. Problems relative to understanding FSR/E seem not to prevail as much
in the field as in Washington.

3. Several excellent presentations were made relative to farming system
programs particularly in Senegal, Sierra Leone and Zambia where at the
program level, confusion and concern seem to be less significant.








4. At the conference we met specifically with contractors while the AID
people were in another session.

5. It is clear that there is a need for further communication among our
bilateral chiefs of party and their staffs. This was one of the
primary recommendations made in the sessions chaired by Fred Hutchinson.
Those in attendance at this session included people from Tanzania,
Zambia, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Niger, Senegal, Lesotho, Swaziland,
Malawi, Uganda, Zaire, Cameroon. The FSSP should address this
networking concern.




CONTACTS

Institutions: Numerous contacts were made and a list of about 100
participants is available in the files.
Individuals:
Alan Lowe, CIMMYT
Cal Martin, AID/W
Nile Brady, AID/W
Jack Robbins, AID/W
Fred Hutchinson, BIFAD
John Becker, AID/Upper Volta
John Bayless, AID/Senegal
Bill Litwhiler, AID/ Cameroon
Harry Gwit, AID/Sudan
O M. Akshraf, IITA

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:



FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP: Country program demands are tracking into the overall
operation of the FSSP but specifically included the countries of
Senegal, Gambia, Upper Volta, Cameroon, Zaire, Zambia, Liberia,Sierra
Leone. Many of these were at the discussion stage and will be followed
up either by the AID mission or by our office as appropriate.

FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:

Additional information: While at this conference I took this opportunity
to visit the University of Zimbabwe and Dr. and Dean Malcolm Blackie.
He briefed me on the overall program in the faculty of agriculture
which has a strong FS orientation. He indicated interest in using tyhe
training modules and in the connection between the FSSP amnd MSU which
is a bilateral contract beginning in 1984 for strengthening the overall
training of the University. The university, however, has a strong








program and would be one with which the FSSP should consider working
where possible. UOZ is a point for training for CIMMYT and is
inclusive of a supportive faculty and curriculum to include farming
systems training.




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