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Group Title: Quarterly report (Farming Systems Support Project)
Title: Quarterly report
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00091285/00002
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Title: Quarterly report
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Farming Systems Support Project
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Office of International Programs, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: January-March 1983
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Bibliographic ID: UF00091285
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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QUARTERLY REPORT #2


JANUARY MARCH 1983

THE FARMING SYSTEMS SUPPORT PROJECT

SUBMITTED BY:
INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES-
OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

SUBMITTED TO:
U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

















TABLE OF CONTENTS

Executive Summary...............................................

Main Report

I. Setting.... ........ .. ..................... ............. 2

II. General Accomplishments ... .............. ..... ........2

III. Conclusions............................................. .

IV. Activity Reports

5. Jones/Nigeria-IITA/O1/10 to 02/03/83....................4

6. Jones/Ivory Coast/02/03 to 02/05/83 ...................6.

7. Schmehl/Nigeria/02/20 to 03/18/83 .......................8

8. Jones/Nigeria-IITA/02/27 to 03/18/83...................11

9. Zuidema/Sri Lanka/02/27 to 03/03/83 ...................13

10. Jones/Liberia/03/22 to 03/25/83 ......... ... .......... 15








Second Quarter-Executive Summary


Development of the 1983 Workplan, the primary emphasis of the
beginning of the second quarter, was difficult due to the lack of
information on the anticipated demand from AID missions for FSSP
services. An effort put forth in fall of 1982, however, led to some
general guidelines. The Advisory Council assisted the Director in two
presentations of the 1983 Workplan to the regional Bureaus in
Washington.

Structure emerged through the creation of the Memorandum of
Agreement (MOA) between Support Entities and the FSSP. The MOA,
developed by the Advisory Council in cooperation with the Director,
provides a base for stimulating FSR/E activity at each of the
cooperating institutions. An institutional base was established
calling for a list of Program Associates, a designated Program Leader,
and an Administrative Coordinator at each support institution.

Staffing progressed as rapidly as possible. Although, being a
slow process it began to hamper project development. Recruitment for
the three remaining coordinator positions continued. Steve Kearl was
hired, but did not come on duty during-this-quarter, as-editorial..
assistant.

Varied programmatic activities occurred during the second quarter.
In response to an IITA request for development of a training course,
Dr. Jones prepared materials and made preliminary visits to IITA. Jim
Jones and Bill Schmehl assisted in the preparation and delivery of the
said workshop for Ivorian and Nigerian researchers at IITA. Jim Jones
visited the Ivory Coast and Liberia to initiate contacts. An initial
visit was made to Sri Lanka by Larry Zuidema. Arrangements were made
with Kansas State University to support a Farming Systems
Documentation program through the FSSP.- The first FSSP Newsletter was
produced. Capacity of the project to respond to requests for speaking
engagements and visits by project staff was taxed by the enthusiasm of
the Universities.







I. SETTING


The second quarter began with the Director placing emphasis upon
the 1983 Work Plan. The Project responded to a request by IITA to
developing a training course that involved Jim Jones in preparing
materials and in preliminary visits to IITA to establish the course.
Development of a Work Plan was difficult because there was no way to
anticipate a demand from AID for FSSP services. Nevertheless, a cable
sent to Missions in the fall of 1982 by Project Manager Wendell Morse
led to some general guidelines. Numerous Missions responded to the
cable, some with requests with insufficient lead time for response,
others with requests that were not appropriate for inclusion under the
FSSP. Several requests needed further refinement to determine whether
farming systems was the major interest and how a response should be
structured. A few requests were for services a year in the future
which allowed the FSSP to adequately plan. Some Missions merely
expressed an interest asked for further information about the project.
These responses and the planning/policy results of the annual meeting
of SEs were used as guides to structuring the 1983 Work Plan.

Early guidelines for the general structure of the request response
mechanisms were spelled out as an appendix to the Work Plan on policy
established with the SEs and AID.

II. GENERAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS

During the second quarter, the project assisted IITA in the
preparation and delivery of a training workshop at IITA for Ivorian
and Nigerian researchers. Materials used in the course were gathered
rapidly owing to limitations of time and human resources. The
results, however, were positive and a relationship was established
with IITA upon which other activities could be built as appropriate.
Jim Jones initiated contact with Liberia.
With reference to the SEs and the "supply side" for the FSSP, a
structure emerged through the Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) between
the FSSP and each interested support entity. This document was
developed by the Advisory Council in cooperation with the Director and
became the instrument for cooperation in program delivery for AID.
The instrument itself, while relatively short and not particularly
demanding, provides a base for stimulating farming systems research
and extension activity at each of the cooperating institutions. By
calling for a list of program associates, the designation of a program
leader and an administrative coordinator, an institutional base was
established for farming systems work, not only with the FSSP, but in
support of other activities. In early visits to potential SEs the
Director emphasized that they should not sign a Memorandum of
Agreement only to work for the FSSP. They were told that at least
four activities merit the establishment of a farming systems program
on SE campuses. These include: 1) support of bilateral contracts
that include emphasis on a farming systems approach to research and
extension; 2) strengthening participant training programs and courses
for international and domestic students concerned with international
development issues; 3) interest in the implications of an FSR/E
2






program for domestic agricultural concerns; and 4) support of the
FSSP.

The Advisory Council assisted the Director in two presentations of
the 1983 Work Plan to the Asia, Africa and Latin American Bureaus in
cooperation with the Bureau of Science and Technology. This effort
began to establish communication and cooperation with the bureaus,
essential for program delivery and development.

During this quarter recruiting continued in order to fill the
three remaining coordinator positions and the position of editorial
assistant. It was decided that all of the positions would be located
in Gainesville for purposes of maintaining close program coordination.
Earlier considerations had been to locate one or more of these
positions on other university campuses or possibly in Washington.

Steve Kearl was hired to fill the position of editorial assistant
but did not come on duty during the quarter. The first newsletter was
produced with the assistance of IFAS International Programs and
specifically of Mr. Van Crowder. It became evident that the
newsletter itself, requiring the establishment of a mailing list and
the publication of four issues a year in English, French and Spanish,
would be a considerable undertaking.

Arrangements were made with Kansas State University to support a
farming systems documentation program through the FSSP. Kansas State
assumed responsility for developing a 100-item FSR/E publications list
for DIU as specified by the cooperative agreement. It was further
decided that the Kansas State Farming Systems Symposium would become a
part of the FSSP network with some project support to the effort, and
also that the annual meeting of FSSP support entities would be held in
conjunction with the Symposium in Manhattan, Kansas.


III. CONCLUSIONS

Staffing of the project began to hamper development but moved as
fast as possible, given difficulties associated with identifying
top-quality people with interests in the diverse, yet intense, program
under the FSSP, and the considerable amount of international travel
associated with it. It became evident that the signing of MOA's might
take longer than anticipated because the participating private
institutions and universities give very serious thought to overall
program development and concerns prior to bringing the instrument
forward. This is a heartening result that was not fully anticipated.
The enthusiasm of the universities is taxing the capacity of the
project to respond in terms of speaking engagements and visits by
project staff to help initiate the development of supporting documents
for the MOA.







IV. ACTIVITY REPORTS


5. Jones/Nigeria-IITA/01/10 to 02/03/83

Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Date of Activity: 01/10 to 02/03/83
Assignment: Farming Systems Program (IITA)
Team:
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611


PROGRAM ABSTRACT

Objectives: 1. To assist IITA in the preparation of a farming systems
workshop to begin in late Feb.

2. To describe the Farming Systems Program at IITA

3. To establish a basis for collaboration in the areas of farming
systems training and networking between FSSP and IITA....

Accomplishments:
1. Workshop planned to begin on March 7 and last for two
weeks(shortened from original 3 wks).

2. Workshop program under revision to fit the new timeframe.

Needs/Problems:
1. Internal resistance to the OFR (on farm research) subprogram
and the reorientation effort has been considerable.
a. The approach is an obvious demarche from past practice at IITA
and is not well understood by some of the long-time and influential
researchers in the Farming Systems Program.
b. Much scepticism of OFR unit as well as of the farming systems
approach in general exists.
c. Some long term researchers have adopted a wait-and-see
attitude.
d. At least one researcher sees the task of the OFR unit as one of
testing on farmers fields technologies already developed at IITA.

2. Personality clashes (perhaps rivalry) results in tension within
the FS program.







3. FSSP suffers the disadvantage of trying to operate in a very
complex and heterogeneous region from considerable remove.

4. There is the need for a plan which will help both FSSP and
IITA fulfill their mandate.


CONTACTS-

Institutions: IITA- International Institute of Tropical Agric.
Individuals: Kuhn Terkuile, FSR program head
Hank Mutsaers, OFR subprogram
Malik Ashrof, Agricultural economist, head.
Peter Ay, Agricultural economist
Akabundu, I.O., Weed Science
Gowman, M.A., Weed Science
Juo, A.S.R., Soil Chemistry
Lal, R., Soil Physics
Wilson, G.F., Agronomy
Okoli, P.S.D., Agronomy
Kang, B.T., Soil Fertility

Potential Trainers: FSSP could use IITA staff to assist with
training and technical assistance work in the region (linguistic
and other expertise in Francophone West Africa is extremely scant
in U.S)Hank Mutsaers- stategically situated for networking and
other activities.

Dr. Ed Lawson- climatologist, Ph.D. University of
Wisconsin.
Publication Potential:

FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP: Participation in planning of the training
workshop.


FSSP commitment-promised responses: Agreed to help Mutsaers
search for a W. African Social Scientist for OFR. No commitments
made.
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Attended a Farming Systems Research Mini workshop- Moor Planta-
tion, Ibadan, Nigeria. Additional report information available
in Nigeria file.






6. Jones/Ivory Coast 02/03/83 to 02/05/83


Region: West Africa
Country: Ivory Coast
Date of Activity: 02/03 TO 02/05/83
Assignment: Meeting in the Ministry of Scientific Research
and Technology.
Name: James C. Jones
Team:
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611


PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Objectives: 1. To promote the organization of on-farm research
(farming systems research) in the Ivory Coast.

2. To draft an outline of a work proposal which the Ivorians
must give to the Ford Foundation and for Ivorian'farming
systems in general.

Accomplishments:
1. Obtained a partial (and tentative list) of Ivorian
participants in the upcoming IITA workshop.

2. Decided that a farming systems research team of three
should be formed for each region(North,Center, and South).

3. Discussed outline for the On-Farm-Research plan that
Ivorians are to submit to Ford Foundation.

Needs/Problems: Ivory Coast must soon select a farming systems
research national coordinator.

CONTACTS


Institutions:



Individuals:


IITA (OFR sub program)
FACU- Federal Agricultural Coordinating Unit
Ministry of Scientific Research and Tech, Ivory C.

Hank Mutsaers, OFR IITA, Head
Chris Oputa, FACU supervisor of FSR (IITA)

Dr. Gnamma H. Godo, advisor to ministry
ORSTON B.P. V51
Abidjan, Ivory Coast







(Ph.D. Univ. of California, Davis


Mr. & Mme N. Diaye Alassane
Professeur
Conseiller Technique charge de la
cooperation
International
B.P. V 151
Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:


FSSP INFORMATION


Demands on FSSP: Jones attended mainly as
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:


an observer.









7. Schmehl/Nigeria-IITA/ 02/20 to 03/23/83


Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Assignment: Consultancy for On-Farm Research Training Workshop
conducted by IITA.
Name: W.R. Schmehl
Date of Activity: 02/20 to 03/23/83
Team: W.R. Schmehl, Jim Jones
Home Institution: Colorado State University
Address: Department of Agronomy(Soils)
Colorado State University
Ft. Collins, Colorado 80523

PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Objectives:
1. To assist Dr. Henk Mutsaers, IITA Workshop leader, in
developing the program. This included: a) scheduling
activities, b) discussing subject matter, c) visiting the
ODEDA farm sites, d) assembling secondary data resource
materials.

Accomplishments:
1. Attended a "Workshop for Planning On-Farm Research in
Nigeria "NCRI, Moor Plantation, Ibadan, Jan.26, 27.

2. Attended "Eleventh conference of Package of
Recommendations for food crops in Southwestern Nigeria"
IAR&T, Feb 24-26.

3. Participated in "IITA-IADP Training Program for Research
Assistants," Feb 24-26.

4. Made two presentations at the OFR Training workshop: "The
ON-Farm Research Process" and "Purpose of the Diagnostic
Field Survey."

5. Served as resource person for the OFR Training Workshop
team activities on: a) Analysis of the On-Farm Survey, b)
Design of On-Farm Trials and Studies, c) Methodological
Issues.

6. Participated in on-farm survey at Odeda.

7. Worshop judged as successful by participants.

Needs/Problems:
1. Because the course was shortened to two weeks, some of the
areas were not covered adequately.

2. The four-day on-farm survey should not be shortened.

3. The Farming Systems Program (FSP) and On-Farm Research
8







(OFR) should be integrated so that more of the FSP research
is in response to an OFR effort. Recommend OFR program to be
interdisciplinary effort.

4. OFR needs to gain experience in diagnostic steps and
conducting on-farm trials.

5. The on-campus IITA research staff should respond to needs
coming form the OFR.

6. Needs to be greater effort to develop an understanding of
methodologies and practicums for the next phases of OFR.


CONTACTS

Institutions: IITA
Individuals:
Resource Persons:
Dr. J.C. Jones, Anthropologist, FSSP
Dr. N.V. Nguu, Agronomist, IITA
Dr. M. Ashraf, Agricultural Economist, IITA
J. Faye, Sociologist, Institute Senegalais de r. Agricoles
Dr. D. Ngambeki, Agricultural Economist, IITA
Dr. P. Ay, Socio-economist, IITA
N. Fisher, Agronomist, Institute for Agricultural Research
G.O.I. Abalu, Farm economist, D. of Agric. Econ & Rur
Sociology
in Nigeria
H.J.W. Mutsaers, Agronomist, IITA (FSP)
H.C. Ezumah, Agronomist, IITA (FSP)
Dr. D.T. Lawson, Agroclimatologist, IITA
Dr. B.T. Kong, soil fertility specialist, IITA
Dr. G.F. Wilson, Agronomist, Cropping Systems, IITA
Dr. A.S.R. Juo, Soil Chemist, IITA
Dr. R. Lal, Soil Physicist, IITA

Participants:
M.P. Zekeng, Agronomist, Cameroon
C.F. Yamoah, Agronomist, Ghana
K. Attiey, Plant Breeder, Ivory Coast
N'Guessan Yoboue, Plant Breeder, Ivory Coast
K. Tanoh, Agricultural Economist, Ivory Coast
S. Doumbia, Agronomist, Ivory Coast
G.H. Godo, Soil Scientist, Ivory Coast
Dr. M. Diomande, Plant Pathologist, Ivory Coast
T. Eponou, Agricultural Economist, Ivory Coast
Dr. A. 0. Agungbile, Agricultural Economist, Nigeria
Dr. S.O. Odurukwe, Agronomist, Nigeria
E.O. Ubi, Agronomist, Nigeria
0.0. Vaughan, Agricultural Economist, Nigeria
Dr. O. Ajayi, Entomologist, Nigeria
Dr. M.O. Omidiji, Plant Breeder, Nigeria
Dr. B.A. Olunuga, Weed Scientist, Nigeria






Dr. J.B. Oyedokun, Agronomist, Nigeria
Dr. K.A. Elemo, Agronomist, Nigeria
Dr. S.T.O. Lagoke, Weed Scientist, Nigeria
Dr. A.B. Bello, Agronomist, Nigeria

Potential Trainers: All the participants in the workshop
Publication Potential:



FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP: IITA requested another workshop covering
On-Farm research.
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected: Outline of IITA workshop (has been submitted
by Mutsaers).
Contributions to Inventory:







8. Jones/Nigeria-IITA/02/27 to 03/18/83


Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Assignment: On Farm Research Training Workshop
Name: James C. Jones
Date of Activity: 02/27 to 03/18/83
Team: J. Jones, W. Schmehl (CSU)
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: .Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611


PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Objectives: 1. To assist IITA with the preparation and delivery
of the On-Farm Research training workshop.

Accomplishments: 1. Completed workshop.

2. Participated in meeting to discuss the future of the
relationship between IITA and the FSSP.

3. Discussed training.


Needs/Problems: 1. The workshop was a itovel one for several of
the resouce people who took an active part. Some confusion
and resistance existed on occasion but were in no way
disruptive.

2. Need for FSSP and IITA to mutually inform each other of
AID requests for assistance in the region.

3. Must coordinate endeavors.

4. Mutsaers notes that there must be some follow-up on
current workshop.

5.'Perhaps diagnostic surveys could be conducted in Nigeria
and Ivory Coast.

6. Communications are slow and unreliable.





CONTACTS


11





Institutions:
Individuals:


IITA; NCRI; IART; NRCRI
Hartmans, Director General of IITA
Dr. C.H.H. Terkuile, IITA farming systems program
W.R. Schmehl, OFR (IITA)
Hank Mutsaers, IITA
Malki Ashraf
Dr. Neil Fisher
Dr. George Wilson, IITA
Dr. Tony Juo, IITA Soilsman
Dr. Olunuga, NCRI
Dr. Omidiji, IART
Dr. Humphrey Ezumah, IITA
Dr. J.U. McGuire, IITA, biometrician
D.S. Ngambeki, IITA, agricultural economist


Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:


FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP: FSSP could provide resource people for possible
diagnostic surveys.
FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:







9. Zuidema/Sri Lanka/02/27 to 03/03/83


Region: Asia
Country: Sri Lanka
Assignment: Visit USAID/Colombo Mission for initial visit
Name: L.S. Zuidema
Date of Activity: 02/27 to 03/03/83
Team:
Home Institution: Cornell University
Address: Cornell University
International Agriculture Program
384 Caldwell Hall
Ithaca, N.Y. 14853

PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Objectives:
1. To review with the USAID/Colombo Mission how the FSSP
might provide assistance with on-going and proposed Mission
activities in Sri Lanka.

Accomplishments:
1. Visits, meeting with AID officials, and a review of the
draft PID made it possible to provide general reactions to
the PID and suggestions as to how the FSSP project could
help.

Needs/Problems:
1. Define Target group- recommendation: Need to identify the
target group in relation to a resource base, not a crop.

2. Cropping System vs. farming system--recommendation:
Develop as a farming system project with support for
institutions involved based on their commitment to and their
performance in the project.

3. Project approach- recommendation: The project should be
designed to allow for design changes based on "in-project"
awareness.


CONTACTS

Institutions: USAID/Colombo Mission
Individuals:
Mike Kerin, USAID
Charles Uphaus, USAID
Herb Blank, USAID
Sarah Jane Littlefield, USAID

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:






FSSP INFORMATION


Demands on FSSP:
1. The report recommended that the Mission request FSSP to
provide two professionals (a social/economic scientist and an
agricultural scientist) to assist them in preparing a project
paper.

2. The report recommended that the mission be kept informed
about training opportunities in farming systems research nd
will likely recommend candidates. They should be added to
the mailing list.

FSSP commitment-promised responses: Relates to the above.
Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:

Additional information: The level of institutional and
agricultural development in Sri Lanka is excellent for FSR.





10. Jones/Liberia/03/22 to 03/25/83
Region: West Africa
Country: Liberia
Assignment: Respond to AID mission request for assistance with
CARI/USAID/LSU Project.
Name: James C. Jones
Date of Activity: March 2-25,1983
Team:
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611

PROGRAM ABSTRACT
Objectives: 1. To respond to AID mission request for assistance
with the CARI/USAID/LSU Project. The project involves the
testing of new crop varieties, mainly rice and cassava, in
different climatic zones of the country.

2. To gather information (not engage in technical assistance)
to help determine the role of FSSP in project assistance.


Accomplishments: 1. Gave a brief presentation on the FSSP and
emphasized its role in methodological support.

2. Responded to questions on the FSSP and specific requests
for technical assistance from the project team.

3. Explained that the requests were beyond the role of the
FSSP and re-emphasized the FSSP concern with
methods.

4. Discussed the problems with all factions of the program.


Needs/Problems: 1. Apparent lack of communication between FSU,
AID/Monrovia, and CARI.

2. Considerable fighting hampered project efforts.

3. Lack of knowledge by LSU of the AID mission request for
FSSP assistance.

4. Requests of FSSP for technical assistance were beyond the
scope of the FSSP.






CONTACTS


Institutions: Louisiana State University Project(LSU Team is
based at Central Agricultural Research Institute (CARI).
Individuals:
Eugene Hodgkins: Team Leader(LSU)
Marvin Allen: former coordinator of research (LSU)
Bill Boltoni: Team agricultural economist(LSU)
Ray Lockard: Head of Crop Sciences (LSU)
Joyce Lockard: Librarian, Secretary (LSU)
Joe Suba, Ph.D., Iowa State Soils, agronomy
Othelo Brandy: Extension liaison officer.
Sizi Morris: counterpart of Ray Lockard.
Andrew Paye: director of CARI
Billy Jadwin: AID manager of LSU project at CARI
Jack Cornelius: ADO (USAID)
John Pielemeyer: Mission Deputy Director (USAID)
Lois Richard: Mission Director (USAID)


Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:



FSSP INFORMATION

DEMANDS ON FSSP: 1. Elements within the AID mission wanted the
FSSP to come to the aid of the project in distress.

-2. CARI-requests for short term technical assistance. Type of
request by team could not be accomdated by FSSP because it
was beyond the scope of "method."
FSSP commitment-promised responses: 1. Agreed to report situation
to superiors.

2. Suggested improvement in internal communications then, to
resubmit request to FSSP via Washington.
Materials Collected:
Contributions to Inventory:




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