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Group Title: Quarterly report (Farming Systems Support Project)
Title: Quarterly report, the Farming Systems Report Project
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Title: Quarterly report, the Farming Systems Report Project
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Farming Systems Support Project
Publisher: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Office of International Programs, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: October-December 1982
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Bibliographic ID: UF00091285
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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QUARTERLY REPORT #1

OCTOBER DECEMBER, 1982

THE FARMING SYSTEMS SUPPORT PROJECT

SUBMITTED BY:
INSTITUTE OF FOOD AND AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
OFFICE OF INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

SUBMITTED TO:
U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

















TABLE OF CONTENTS

Executive Summary...............................

Main-Report

I. Setting........... .................................... 2

II. General Accomplishments.. ........................... ..... 2

III. Conclusion ............................... ..............3

IV. Activity Reports

1. Andrew/Nigeria/-IITA/ 10/25 to 10/30/82...............5

2. Meiman/Nigeria-IITA/ 10/25 to 10/30/82 ................7

3. Andrew/Nigeria-IITA/ 11/15 to 11/19/82..............9

4. Jones/Nigeria-IITA/ 11/13 to 11/20/82.................11





















Executive Summary


Initial program emphasis focused on consensus building and
consistency in thought relative to numerous methodologies in what
was termed FSR/E. Consensus centered on client-oriented research
and extension with farmer involvement in the research process.
Training, Networking, Techinical Assistance, and State of the Art
were discussed for establishing general priorities, with a West
African regional priority.

Much of the quarter's effort focused on establishing basic
groundwork within which the FSSP would function. The FSSP
established an office with one secretary, hired Jim Jones to work
with all programs, and obtained staffing support from Pete
Hildebrand and Bob Waugh. Efforts to establish a support entity
network comprised of institutions interested in establishing
affiliations with the FSSP lead entity, and to identify each
institution's capability and faculty involvement materialized. A
.provisional Advisory Council was named and the establishment of a
Technical Committee as well as the use of a Task Force concept
were discussed.

The director, accompanied by a representative of Colorado
State University attended two meetings at IITA relative to the
relationship between FSSP and IITA in the region and the
development of the West African Farming Systems Network(WAFSRN).











I. Setting


The Cooperative Agreement designated as the Farming
Systems Support Project (FSSP) became affective October 1, 1982.
At that time the Agreement itself had not been signed but funding
had been allocated for the program.The Agreement documents were
in final preparation in Washington to be sent to the lead entity
in the project, the University of Florida. These documents were
completed, inclusive of budgets, by the close of October with
negotiations complete at the University of Florida.
Implementation began in mid-November, 1982.

The program setting within which the FSSP was placed was
a challenging one. Some of the concerns: 1. the role of Farming
Systems in international development work; 2. the degree of
understanding about farming systems in terms of program activity;
3. the varied debates about methodologies; 4. the significant
emphasis and investment in bilateral contracts that embody
farming systems work throughout the world, but particularly in
Africa; 5. the weak knowledge base relative to the role of
farming systems research in the overall research and development
process; and 6. the lack of guidelines associated with the
formulation of the FSSP coupled with a strong mandate to provide
support to the overall AID farming systems area.

With these challenges a series of opportunities was
apparent. These opportunities included optimism by the lead
institution and several other interested universities concerning
the establishment of a viable support base for farming systems
based optimism regarding the director of FSR the dispersed
thought concerning precise methodologies notwithstanding. It was
recognized that no single institution could perform the task at
hand, indeed, most any combination of three or four institutions
would still not be sufficient to meet AIDs needs. Thus, a
relatively open-door policy was established for involving
institutions in the early phases of the planning activity for the
FSSP.

II. GENERAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS

Initial program emphasis under the FSSP focused on
consensus building and consistency in thought relative to
numerous methodologies involved in what was termed Farming
Systems Research/Extension (FSR/E). It was recognized in the
first Annual Meeting called by the lead entity in Atlanta and
attended by those institutions (Universities and consulting
firms) initially responding to the AID/S&T request for proposals
(SIMC's) on the project, that consensus was possible regarding
the overall philosophy/approach of Farming Systems. That
consensus centered on client-oriented research and extension with
farmer involvement in the research process. The consensus did
not expand beyond but nonetheless was strong enough to propell










the entities toward better understanding of the varied
methodologies associated with FSR/E. It was recognized that
numerous methodologies are appropriate for varied situations of
Farming Systems Research. It was also recognized as well that
these methodologies are not fully tested and will be evolving for
a number of years into a form appropriate for consideration by
national institutions in developing countries.

Emphasis was given first and foremost to West Africa
because of its priority within the cooperative agreement and of
concerns by AID for support to bilateral contracts and farming
systems efforts in that region. The Director, accompanied by a
representative of Colorado State University, attended two
meetings at IITA relative to the relationship between the FSSP
and IITA in the region and the development of the West African
Farming Systems Research Network(WAFSRN).

Efforts to establish a support entity network to include
those institutions interested in becoming affiliated with the
FSSP Lead Entity materialized with the First Annual FSSP Meeting
in Atlanta in December. A Provisional Advisory Council was
named, composed of three leaders from potential support entities
(SEs): Dr. Jim Meiman, Chairman, Colorado State University, Dr.
Wendell McKinsey, University of Missouri, and Dr. Larry Zuidema,
University of Cornell. Other structural issues discussed
included the establishment of a Technical Committee, the use of
the Task Force concept, the establishment of a SE structure
including a Memorandum of Agreement, and identification of SE
capabilities and faculty for involvement with the FSSP.

Program related discussions centered on two major
topical areas. Training and Networking were discussed in the
same general context from a programmatic point of view with
general thoughts presented relative to the establishment of a
training program. Technical assistance and state-of-the-art
research comprised a second area of concern. Discussions were
fruitful as modes for establishing consensus and some general
priorities. The results of the meeting were useful as the
Director began drafting the 1983 Work Plan.

The year closed with the hiring of Jim Jones to work
with all programs generally in cooperation with the Director
until other staff were named at which time he would become
Training Coordinator. Other staffing support was directly
forthcoming from the University of Florida, including that of
Pete Hildebrand and Bob Waugh. An office was established that
included one secretary.

III. CONCLUSION

Early activity now made clear the significant task that
lies before the FSSP. While the flexible approach to developing
3











programs differs markedly from that structured under the CRSP
effort, it will serve to address the broad-based FSSP mandate.
It is evident that substantial expectations are placed upon the
program by both the universities and USAID. Along with this,
however, sincere cooperation emerged among all those attending
the Atlanta Meeting as well as a strong desire to bring this new
mode of support into full production for AID. It is also clear
that AID management within S&T is going to be very cooperative in
assisting to mold the overall program and to manage the effort
day-to day.











IV. ACTIVITY REPORTS


1. Andrew/Nigeria-IITA/10/25 to 10/30/82

Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Assignment: Convene with IITA (International Institute for
Technical Agriculture) administration concerning the interface
between the FSSP and IITA for purposes of farming systems
research training and networking in West Africa.
Name: Chris 0. Andrew
Date of Activity: 10/25 to 10/30/82
Team: Chris Andrew, Jim Meiman (CSU)
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611




PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Objectives:
__l. To negotiate relationships with IITA concerning the
development and presentation of Farming Systems Workshops,
general training courses, and technical assistance within
West Africa.

2. To establish contact with IITA for further strengthening
ties with S&T/Agriiculture through the FSSP for purposes of
assisting AID missions with farming systems oriented
technical assistance and training programs.

Accomplishments:
1. It was agreed that cooperation would evolve around the
areas of training programs. Specific plans were made to
support a training effort for Nigeria and Ivory Coast in
early 1983. This activity was to serve as a basis for further
development of cooperative training efforts.

Needs/Problems:
1. Considerable discussion surrounded the need for expansion
of IITA training facilities and for the FSSP to locate the
training coordinator at IITA.

2. It was understood that the FSSP had no role to play in
negotiations between IITA and AID relative to expansion of
the training facilities on the IITA Campus.












3. It was understood that the IITA proposal for location of
the FSSP training coordinator on the IITA campus would not be
possible given the worldwide mandate of the FSSP for
training. The need to locate that person in Gainesville
where the development of materials and access to support
entity services would be most effective was noted.


CONTACTS

Institutions: IITA, visits were made to separate program areas
for purposes of informing these programs about the FSSP.
Individuals:
E.H. Hartmans- Director General, IITA
Hank Mutsaers-IITA/Ford Foundation FS Agronomist
M. Ashraf-Agricultural Economist
Juo,Tony- Soils Program Leader
W.H. Reeves- Assistant director and head of programming.
Phil Church- AID representative in the meetings
Potential Trainers: It is clear that Dr. Mutsaers and Ashraf have
considerable interest in the training area and desire to
cooperate and collaborate with FSSP training efforts.
Publication Potential:


FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP ---- -----
1. To assist with the forth coming training workshop in early
January through provision of a person for six to eight weeks
to assist with the effort.

2. The FSSP is to be represented at the organizational
meetings of the West African Farming Systems Research Network
(WAFSRN) in November.

FSSP commitment-promised responses:
1. To provide materials and professional assistance with the
forthcoming workshop.

Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:


Additional information:
1. It is clear that there is some need for further
structuring and organization within the IITA Farming Systems
research program. There is considerable dedication to that
process and that it is not an easy one as is true in many
institutions.












2. Meiman/West Africa-IITA/10/25 to 10/30/82


Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Assignment: Trip to International Institute of Tropical
Agriculture.
Name: James R. Meiman
Date of Activity: 10/25 to 10/30/82
Team: James Meiman, Chris Andrew
Home Institution: Colorado State University
Address: Colorado State University
International Programs, University Services
Ft. Collins, CO 80523

PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Objectives: 1. To assist in negotiating relationships with IITA
concerning development and presentation of Farming Systems
Workshops in early 1983.

2. To explore possibilities for long-term collaboration
between IITA Farming Systems Research and FSSP.

Accomplishments:
1. Agreement was obtained that FSSP would support the
d-evelopment and presentation of the Farming Systems workshops
in 1983 by supplying one or more short-term personnel to work
with IITA.

2. Observed IITA:
a. Farming Systems research is geared very heavily to on-farm
adaptive research.
b. There are strong possibilities of ties between their
Farming Systems project and several agricultural development
projects that are currently underway in Nigeria with World
Bank support.
c. IITA has a well developed training division. They have
simultaneous translation capability for French.
d.In state of the art concept development IITA offers an
opportunity to evaluate the linkages between an international
research center, national government programs and
agricultural development programs.
e. Interesting work in the corn breeding program related to
the color preference in corn.
f. Some interest in using trees as forage supply.
g. Anticipating serving a network role for West Africa. It
would be an important contact point in terms of a global
networking system by FSSP.
h. Open to graduate student involvement in all areas.











Needs/Problems: No specific problems identified.


CONTACTS

Institutions: IITA
Individuals:
Phil Church, USAID, S&T, Chief Economist
E.H. Hartmans, IITA, Director General
-T.M. Wormer, Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam
W.H. Reeves, Assistan Director and Head of Training
A.P. Uriyo, Training Officer
H.J.W. Mutsaers, IITA/Ford Foundation, Farming S. Agronomist
M. Ashraf, Agricultural Economist, Farming Systems
P. Ay, Socio-Economist, Farming Systems
A.S.R. (Tony) Juo, Soils, Farming Systems
R. Lal, Soils, Farming Systems
George Wilson, Agronomist, Farming Systems

Potential Trainers:
Publication Potential:



FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP:
1. Relationship with IITA would require assistance primarily
in developing training materials and in training
implementation. Technical assistance will be aimed at the
needs in national government programs that would develop as a
result of training.

2. FSSP needs to identify an individual to help design the
short course to be offered in Feb. or March, 1983.

3. Need to identify additional persons who could serve as
backstops to the individual going to IITA.

FSSP commitment-promised responses: To identify persons requested
above.

Materials collected:
1. Summary of meeting
2. Farming Systems at IITA

Contributions to Inventory:










3. Andrew/Nigeria-IITA/11/15 to 11/19/82


Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Assignment: To attend a conference called by IITA of farming
systems specialists in West Africa.
Name: Chris 0. Andrew
Date of Activity: 11/15 to 11/19/82
Team: Chris Andrew, Jim Jones
Home Institution: FSSP (University of Florida)
Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611




PROGRAM ABSTRACT:

Objectives:
1.To represent the FSSP at a meeting designed to provide for
the establishment of a Farming Systems network in West
Africa.

Accomplishments:
1. Attended the session and successfully maintained a neutral
stance for the FSSP in establishing the West African Farming
Systems research network.

2. Opportunities were taken to meet with other donor
institutions, in particular IDRC, relative to joint or
collaborative support to training and networking in the
region.

Needs/Problems:
1. Please refer to the Jim Jones report.

2. Concern was met that the FSSP and AID might be taking or
planning to take too strong a role in the region. For this
reason, among others, we elected not to be active voting
participants in the establishment of the WAFSRN. Our
position was that the committees directed to steering the
network should be composed entirely of west African nationals
and that the donor entities should support that structure.
The effort did not result in such a steering committee.
Nevertheless, the FSSP maintained a neutral stance so that we
can work successfully with the donors and the national
institutions.











CONTACTS


Institutions: IITA, IDRC, GTZ, IRAT
Individuals: See Jim Jones report
Potential Trainers:

George Abalu, Nigeria
Djock Phi, Senegal
Hank Mutsaers, IITA

Publication Potential:



FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP: Continued planning for the forthcoming training
workshop.
FSSP commitment-promised responses: Agreed to cooperate with the
steering committee for purposes of forthcoming network
activities and to communicate with the steering committee
concerning any FSSP training or workshop activities in the
region.

Materials collected:
Contributions to Inventory:


Additional Information:
1. A meeting was held with Andrew Kerr of IDRC and with
representatives from IITA including Kuhn Turkail, Hank
Mutsaers, and Tony Juo relative to the posting of a Ford
Foundation/IDRC person at IITA to assist with training under
the IITA On-Farm Research program. No conclusions were
formally reached but it would appear that the negotiations
will continue.

2. We observed that cooperation with IDRC will be quite
beneficial and welcome on the part of the FSSP and IDRC.











4. Jones/Nigeria-IITA/11/13 to 11/20/82


Region: West Africa
Country: Nigeria
Date of Activity: Nov 13,1984
Assignment: Organizational Meeting (IITA)
Name: James C. Jones
Team: James C. Jones, Chris Andrew
Home Institution: FSSP(University of Florida)

Address: Farming Systems Support Project
International Programs
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences
University of Florida
3028 McCarty Hall
Gainesville, Florida 32611



PROGRAM ABSTRACT


Objectives: 1. To attend and participate in the
organizational meeting at IITA of the West African Farming
Systems Research Network.

2.-To gather usefuL-information for the soon to begin
Farming Systems Support Project(FSSP).

3. The purpose of the workshop: "...the formation of a West
African Farming System Research Network, designed to
facilitate exchange and communication between scientists on
methods and results of research aimed at the development of
improved farming systems and the resultant improvement in
crop production, especially by small farmers in the region."

Accomplishments: 1. Discussed with people from IITA their plans
for training and networking in West Africa.

2. Designated correspondents for the network to communicate
information relative to FSR and to training at the workshop.

3. Set a series of objectives for the network.

4. Proposed activities for networking during 1983 (see
"Problems/Needs" below).

Needs/Problems: 1. A series of objectives set for the network:
Short-term: An inventory of researchers in West Africa
involved in FSR work. An inventory of FSR Training
facilities available. An inventory of sources of financing.
11









The improvement of flow of information via newsletter,
workshops, seminars,etc.
Medium-term: Demarcation of homogeneous zones for West
Africa. Provide for technical backstopping of FSR projects.
Stimulation of collaborative FSR research among researchers
of W. African states.
Long-term: Design and implementation of regional FSR Trials.

2. The steering group proposed specific activities to
accomplish the above mentioned objectives.
a. Inventory of institutions engaged in FSR work;
On-going FSR projects and names of scientists involved; FSR
publications; funding sources; training facilities--to
include a published report.

b. To finalize work on FSR taxonomy.

c. Plan training seminar for late Feb., 1983.

d. Form working group on publications.

e. Complete zonification of W. Africa.

f. Plan another workshop(region-wide) for fourth
quarter of 1983.

CONTACTS

Institutions: IITA, IRAT(France), GTZ(Germany), and ICRISAT.
Individuals: M.R. Tourte, IRAT
K. Wolpers, GTZ
P. Matlon, ICRISAT (Ouagadou, Upper Volta)
Virgilio("Pexey") Carangal, IRRI cropping system

Potential Trainers: Dr. Jacques Faye, Senegal (only French)
Publication Potential: Inventory reports.

FSSP INFORMATION

Demands on FSSP: It is suggested that one important task of FSSP
might be to coordinate FSR activities of donor agencies in
the field so that no overlap might occur. Aid from USAID,
from Germany, from France, from Canada, etc. should be
coordinated so that effort not diffuse and no overlap.
The need for a listing of all agencies involved in FSR
research cited.

FSSP commitment-promised responses:
Materials collected: Report notes, workshop program, list of
participants, several IITA papers on FSR in
region.
Contributions to Inventory:




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