Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: De Mesa Plans
Title: [Letter to Marsha re purchases for interpreter library]
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00091264/00041
 Material Information
Title: Letter to Marsha re purchases for interpreter library
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: De Mesa Plans
Physical Description: Correspondence
Language: English
Creator: Susan
Publication Date: 1989
 Subjects
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
43 Saint George Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
de Mesa-Sanchez House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 43 Saint George Street
Coordinates: 29.896429 x -81.313225
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00091264
Volume ID: VID00041
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution.
Resource Identifier: B7-L6

Full Text








February 12, 1989


TO: Marsha

FROM: Susan

RE: purchases for interpreter library


These would be good training materials for the deMesa House:


Beecher, Catherine. A TREATISE ON DOMESTIC ECONOMY
AT HOME AND AT SCHOOL. New York, 1841 (reprint:


FOR THE USE OF YOUNG LADIES
New York, Schoken Books, 1977).


Strasser, Susan. NEVER DONE: A HISTORY OF AMERICAN HOUSEWORK. New York,
Pantheon, 1982.


Scott, Anne Firor. THE SOUTHERN LADY:
Chicago Press, 1970.


FROM PEDESTAL TO POLITICS.


University of


I checked Jimmy Smith's monograph on San Marcos Pottery and there is no location
of clay deposits mentioned. I can try Gayle but you might have better success
than I. Stan or Valerie might know too.

By the way, I am interested in preparing some training materials for the deMesa
House especially concerning social history of the period; education, women's roles,
child rearing, etc. Esther and I talked on Sunday about this and thought we could
work up a better system of interpreting the house. The guided tours are OK but not
the most effective way. I have some ideas if you want to hear them. I really like
what you and Valerie have done with the kitchen.












DE MESA HOUSE FURNISHINGS
AND INTERPRETATION



Some sources for more information:


Susan Hanson
or
Donna Barron
Henry Ford Museum
(804) 672-5123

American Furniture and the British Tradition
by John T. Kirk
(HSAPB library)

DeMesa House file
HSAPB library

The American Frugal Housewife
by Mrs. Lydia Maria Child
(1836 facsimile edition)
HSAPB library

Debra Reid, Director of Interpretation
The Farmer's Museum
New York State Historical Association
800 Lake Road
Cooperstown, NY 13326
(607) 547-2593

ALSO: Books by Harriet Beecher Stowe or
Catherine Beecher

ALSO: History texts on American life in the 1830's




/A iF ?'7 e-


Importance of a Convenient Kitchen. Floor should bx
Sink and Drain. Towels. Washbasins. Dishcloths
ing Dishes. Conveniences needed. Rules. Kitchen I
Crockery. Iron Ware. Tin Ware. Wooden Ware
Ware. Other Articles. Miscellaneous Directions. O0
of the Cellar and Storeroom. Modes of Destroying Ip
Vermin.

IT is very important, for every man who
to have his daughters brought up with goo
tic habits, to secure a light, neat, and a
kitchen. Such an arrangement will make i
of the house more attractive to his daughtq
comfortable for his wife, and better secure
tentment of domestics. For this reasono
kitchens are undesirable, besides being
healthful. -i
A kitchen should have either a smooth'i
floor, or else an oth, as this saves m
and Too s much neater man a bare floor
cloth is best, because it can be remove
repainted, whereas when a floor is newlj
it has to be used, before the paint is si
hardened, and consequently it wears off nmu
so that the oil-cloth is cheaper in the ends
this as cheap as possible, make up a kithe
of coarse tow cloth, have it nailed to the-
of a barn, and put on it a coat of thin -
Then hire a painter to put on a coat o0
yellow paint, and let it dry for a fortnight
have a second coat of paint put on, and at
of another fortnight a third coat. Let it
for two months, and it will last many,.


ON THE CARE OF THE



CHAPTER XXXIII.

OF THE KITCHEN, CELLAR, AND
ROOM.


ON THE CARE


KITCHEN, CELLAR, AND STOREROOM.


ful to have the paint well mixed, with a proper
,ly of drying ingredients.
Kitchen should always have a sink with a
a to carry away all slops; and this drain shouT
r empty on the surface of the ground near the
ie, as it is both unhealthful and uncleanly. It is
to whitewash the walls of a kitchen, as it makes
ghter, and tends to remove all bad smells. A
xr-towel, to be changed twice a week, and two
k-tin basins, one for common onfor nicer
:are very necessary, in every kitchen. A nicer
el should also be hung near one of these basins.
[he sink should be thoroughly washed every day,
'Often scalded with ley or hot suds. eep a sup-
bfnice dish-cloths hanging near the sink, fhemme,
rised wit oops. There should be one for
s tat are not reasy, one for greasyishes, and
or pots and kettles. ieseshiould all be put in
wash every ~asi ng day. If the mistress of the
_ly will insist on this, she will be less annoyed by
Pg her dishes washed with black, dirty, and
iy rags. Under the sink should be kept a slop-
and on a shelf, close by, should b`eplace-d t
pr-pailsd one orar ndne for soft water. A
ettle of warm soft water should always _
or the fire, and a hearth-broom -and bellows
Sng beside the fireplace. oc n or near
Kitchen is very important, to secure regularity
daily arrangements.

1 Washing Dishes.
wireless domestics are very apt to fail in washing
5 properly. A full supply of proper convenien-
Jand considerable watchfulness from the lady
he house, will remedy this. A swab, made of
ale-wick, or strips of linen, and tied to the end of
ck, is useful to wash small deep dishes. Three
cloths, as before described, and two towels,








368 ON THE CARE OF THE


should always be used in washing up the familyi
dishes. Two large tin tubs, painted on the outside
should be provided, one for washing and one fo
insin'g; an"d a large od waiter, ou which to drani
dishes. Asoap-dish, with hard uap sop
ail, should also be furnished. Then, i directions
like the following, are written, in a large hand, an(
put up near the sink, they will be some aid in se
curing the desired care and neatness.
1. Put all the food remaining on the dishes, ani
which is good, on plates, and set it away for use
Scrape the grease into the soap-grease pot, and thi
scraps into the slop-pail; and put the tea leaves inti
a bowl for use. Save all bits of butter.
2. Make a strong hot suds, in the wash-dish, atn
wash the nicest articles with a swab, or the nices
dish-cloth, and lay them in the rinsing-dish, whiil
should also be filled with hot water. This i3
better than to pour hot water on them after the sut
is partly dried on. Then take them out of tIi
rinsing-water, and lay them to drain on the waited
Then rinse the dish-cloth, and hang it up.
3. Pour in some more hot water, take another
dish-cloth, and wash all the greasy dishes, rinsinj
them, and setting them to drain. Then take tw4
towels, and wipe all the dishes, and set them away
Put the knives and forks into a vessel made for thj
purpose, and wash and wipe them; or, if no suci
article is provided, wash them in the water with -th
other greasy dishes, taking care not to put :t.
handles in the water. Wipe them, and put them
the knife-tray, to be scoured.
4. Get a fresh supply of hot suds, and wash thi
milk-pans and buckets, and then the tins. The]
rinse and hang up the dish-cloth, and take another
and wash the roasters, gridiron, pots, and kettle
Then empty the slop-bucket, and scald it. Dry thl
teapots (if of metal) and the tins by the fire. TIM
^~~^ A


KITCHEN, CELLAR, AND STOREROOM. 369

scald out the chamber-bucket, and set it out of
doors, to air. Then sweep and dust the kitchen and
put the fireplace in good order.
A Kitchen Furniture.
Crockery. Brown earthen pans are said to be best,
for milk and for cooking. Tinans are lighter, and
more convenient, but are too cold tor many purposes.
Tall earthen jars, with covers, are good to hold
butter, salt, lard, &c. The red earthen ware should
never have acids put intoitas there is a poisonous
ingredent in the glazin w ae
Stone ware is better and stronger and safer, every
yay, than any other kind.
Iron Ware. Many kitchens are very imperfectly
supplied with the requisite conveniences for cooking ;
and when a person has sufficient means, the follow-
ing articles are all desirable. &.nest of iron pots, of
different sizes (they should be slowly eatedwhtre
new;) a long iron fork o take out articles from
boiling wa er ; iron hook, with a handle. to lift
pots fromthe crane' a large .d omall gridirzf with
grooved bars, and a trench to catch the grease; a
Dutch oven. called, also a bakepan ; two skillets, of
different sizes, an a ir o t skillet, for frying;
a griddle, a waffle-iron, tin and iron bake and bread-
a.ns; two ladles, of different size*' a skimmer; iron
skewers; a toasting-iron; two teakettles, o
and one large one two brass kettles, of different
izes, for soap-boiling, &c. Iron kettles, lined with
porcelain, are better or reserves. The German are
the best. Too hot a fire will crack them, but with
care in this respect, they will last for many years.
Portable furnaces, of iron or clay, are very useful,
in Summer, in washing, ironing, and stewing, or
making preserves. If used in the house, a strong
draught must be made, to prevent the deleterious
effects of the charcoal, A spice-box, spice, pepper,








370 ON THE CARE OF THE


and coffee-mill, are needful to those who use sui
articles. Strong knives and forks, a sharp carvin
knife, an iron cleaver and board, a tne saw, stein
yards, chopping-tray and knife, an apple-parer, stE
for sharpening knives, sugar-nippers, a dozen jr
spoons, also a large iron one with a long handle, 5
or eight flatirons, one of them very small, two iro
stands, a ruffle-iron, a crimping-iron.
in Ware. Bread and cake-pans, a colander,
egg-boiler, a dredging-box, a pepper-box, a large a
small grater, large and small pattypans, cake-pai
with a centre tube to insure their baking weip
dishes, of block-tin, a covered butter-kettle, cover
kttles to hold berries, two sauce-pans, a tin oven
tin-kitchen a tin apple-corer, an apple-roaster
large oil-can, wit a cock, a lamp-filler, a tin
tern, broad-bottomed candlesticks for the kitchen
candle-box, a funnel or tunnel, a tin reflector, -
baking warm cakes, two sugar-scoops, and flc
and meal-scoop, a set of tin mugs, three tin dipped
pint, quart, and gallon measure, a set of scales a
weights, three or our tin pails, painted on e 0
sdiie, a tin slop-bucket, with a tight cover, paint
on the outside, a milk-strainer, a gravy-strainer,
tn bo, I ich to keep cheese, also a large o
for cake and a still larger one or read, wit tit
covers Bread, cake, and cheese, shut up in tl
way, will not grow dry as in the open air.
Wooden Ware. A nest of tubs, a set of pai
wooden-bowls, a large and small sieve, a ee
for mashing potatoes, a spad or stick for stirri
tter and sugar, a bread-board, for moulding bre
and king piecrust, a coffee-stick a clothes-stio
a mush-stick, a meat-beetle, to pound tough me
an egg-beater, a woo en lale or ng
a brmd^-troih (for a Inr famil,) flour-bucke
bwith liig to hbold ifte flanr and Tndlian m a
boxes, sugar-boxes, starch and indigo-boxes, spi


KITCHEN, CELLAR, AND STOREROOM. 371

boxes, a bosom-board, a skirt-board, a large iron-
-board, two r three thes-rames and six o
lotthes-pins. '
SBasket Ware. Baskets, of all sizes. for eggs,
fruit, marketing, clothes, &c., also chip-baskets.
When often used, they should be washed in hot
suds.
Other Articles. Every kitchen needs a box con-
tinig a ball of brown thread, a ball of twine, a
large and small darning-needle, a roll of waste-paper,
a roll of old linen and cotton, and a supply of com-
mon holders. There should also be another box,
containing a hammer, carpet-tacks, and nails of all
sizes, a carpet-claw, screws and a screw-driver, gim-
lets of several sizes, a bed-screw, a small saw, two
chisels, (one to use for button-holes in broadcloth,)
two awls, pincers, two files.
In a drawer, or cupboard, should be placed cotton
tablecloths, for kitchen use, i'ce crash towels, for
tumblers, marked, T T; coarser towels, for dishes,
marked, T; six are toiler-towels; a dozen hand
towels, marked, H T; and a dozen dish-cloths,
hemmed and having loops. Also. two puddin or
duplling-cloths, of thick linen, a gelly-bag, made of
whit flannel, to strain gelly, a starch-strainer, and a
bag for boiling clothes. These last should be put in
the washing-closet, if there is one. In this, or
another place, should be kept a cotton and woollen
ironing-sheet, two iron-wipers, three iron-holders,
nsome beeswax and spermaceti, the common irons
-anrdth nffile and crimping-irons, the bosom-board
_skirt-board. and the cases or covers that slip on
hem. and if there is room, the clothes-frames and
large ironing--hoard
In a closet, should be kept, arranged in order, the
following articles. The dust-pan, dust-brush and
.stin-cloths, old flannel nd cotton for scouring
and rubbing, pnnge- for washing windows and








372 ON THE CARE OF THE


king-glasses, a long brush for taking down co,
webs, whisk-brooms, and common brooms coa
room or brush, a whitewash-brush, a stove-rus
shoe-brushes and blacking, articles fo clean
tin and silver lather for cleaning metals. bottl
containing stain mixtures and other articles use"dr
.cleansing.
Miscellaneous Directions.
Clean gold ornaments with hot suds and a soft
brush, and then rub with magnesia. Never wash
pearls, nor wear them on damp hands. Repol-.
ish tortoise-shell combs with sweet-oil and fine rot-
tenstone. Cleanse combs and brushes with pearl.
ash-water, wiping them dry. Nothing looks more
slatternly, than a dirty fine-tooth comb. It can b`
best cleaned with thread slipped between the'
teeth.
India-rubber, melted in lamp-oil, and put over.
common shoes, keeps water out, perfectly. Garden.
ing shoes should be thus protected. It can be black-'
ened with ivory-black or lampblack.
Keep small whisk-brooms wherever gentlemen
hang up their clothsi either up stairs or down.
Also at the back door. Provide a good supply of
mats. -
If a house takes fire, at night, wrap a woollen
blanket around you, to keep off the fire. If you
cannot get out of your room, draw the bedstead to a
window, tie the corners of your sheets together,
fasten them to the bedpost, and let yourself down
out of the window. Never read in bed, lest you fall
asleep, and the bed be set on fire.
When a stable is on fire, blind the horse, and then
he can be led out. Keep young children in woollen
dresses, in Winter, to save from risk of being burnt.
If your dress catches fire, do not run, but lie down,
and roll over till you can reach some article, or the


KITCHEN, CELLAR, AND STOREROOM. 373

edge of the carpet, in which to wrap yourself tight,
and this will put out the fire.
Boil new earthen in bran-water, putting the arti-
cles in when cold. Do the same with porcelain ket-
tles. Never leave wooden vessels out of doors, as
they fall to pieces. Lift the handle of a pump, and
cover it with blankets, to keep it from freezing.
Broken earthen and china can often be mended,
by tying it up, and boiling it in milk. Diamond
cement, when genuine, is very effectual for the same
purpose. Old putty can be softened by muriatic
acid. A strong cement may be made, by heating
together equal parts of white lead, glue, and the
whites of eggs. A cement for iron is made of six
parts potter's clay and one part steel filings, formed
into a paste, as thick as putty, with linseed oil.
Stop cracks, at the bottom and sides of doors, by
nailing down strips of wood covered with baize,
tight against the door on the casing. Stuff raw
cotton into other cracks. Nail slats across nursery
windows. Scatter ashes on slippery ice at the door;
or rather, remove it. Clarify impure water with
powdered alum, a teaspoonful to a barrel. In thunder
storms, the centre of the room, or a bed, is safest,
shutting doors and windows. A lightning-rod, if
well pointed, and run deep into the earth, protects a
circle, whose diameter equals the height of the light-
ning-rod above the highest chimney, and no more.
ON THE CARE OF THE CELLAR.
A cellar should often be whitewashed, to keep it
sweet. It should have a drain, to keep it perfectly
dry, as standing water.in a cellar is a sure cause of
disease in a family. 'The following articles are de-
.irable in a cellar. A safe, which is a moveable
closet with sides of wire or perforated tin, in which
cold meats, cream, and other articles are kept If
ants are,troublesome, set the legs in tin cups of








SOld Sturbridge Village
STURBRIDGE, MASSTTs 01566
i Tel. (617) 347-3362
A LIVING MUSEUM OF EARLY NEW ENGLAND

December 11, 1979


Donna R. Braden
Ass't Curator, Domestic Arts
Greenfield Village & Henry Ford Museum
Dearborn, MI 48121

Dear Donna Braden:

Your problem sounds like a challenging onel The kind
of source I would use for reconstructing a New England kitchen
of the early nineteenth century is the probate inventory.
In such a listing of the household furnishings at the death
of the owner a man, in the case of a married couple, is the
most complete actual description of cooking implements,
storage containers, food supplies on hand, etc. Unfortunately,
the probates are not explicit about arrangements, but it is
possible to make inferences.

I shall enclose xerox.copies of inventories from houses
at widely differing ends of the social scale to give you an
idea of what I mean.

Our kitchens at Old Sturbridge Village are set up now
for cooking demonstrations, with one exception that is all
antiques (the upper kitchen in the Salem Towne house). As
a result, our current slides show interpreters actually
working with tin reflector ovens, redware pie plates and
other cooking utensils. If you would be interested in
having me select some slides of kitchen and household
activities, I should be glad to do so. Slide duplicates
are two dollars apiece.

A book you might find useful is Miss Leslie's, The
House Book, published in Philadelphia in 1841. Women were
curiously silent about their kitchens in their correspondence.
But come to think of it,I never tell my mother about my
housekeeping when I write to her, either!

Please get back to me if you would like slides.

Sincerely,



CS:nb Caroline Sloat
Enclosures Researcher


AN INDEPENDENT NONPROFIT EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION















December 6, 1979







Ms. Caroline Sloat
Research Department
Old Sturbridge Village
Sturbridge, Massachusetts 01566

Dear Ms. Sloat:

Mark Sipson suggested I write to you. I am presently doing
research on kitchens and cooking artifacts of the 19th century
for a lecture I am giving in the spring. I was wondering what
kinds of sources -- primary and secondary -- you might have on
early 19th century kitchens. I am especially interested in such
materials as diaries, journals and accounts of the early 19th
century, since Michigan is obviously weak in primary sources of
this time period. I am looking more for information on kitchen
arrangements and artifacts used in cooking and food preparation
rather than actual recipes.

Also, if there are any kitchens in the Village that you think
might exemplify this time period, do you think you could send me a
slide or slides? We would, of course, pay the cost of reproduction.

Thank you very much. I look forward to your reply.

Sincerely yours,



Donna R. Braden
Assistant Curator
Domestic Arts


DRB/gf


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CONTAINING ALL THE MODERN, AND MOST APPROVED METHODS IN
COOKERY, PASTRY, & CONFECTIONARY,
WITH AN EXCELLENT COLLECTION OF
VALUABLE RECIPES,
TO WHICH IS ADDED, THE
WHOLE ART OF CARVING, ILLUSTRATED.


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Figure 229. Attributed to August Kollner. Country Life,
Pennsylvania, 1840. Water color. Courtesy, Chicago
Historical Society, Chicago, Ill.

This water color represents a simple country kitchen before
breakfast. The fireplace lacked andirons or a crane, though
the coffee was warming in a pot before the fire. A simple
storage cupboard appeared at the left, and a gun and powder
horn were stored at the right. The furniture was simple and
probably homemade.












Beecher and Stowe's efficient storage
and food preparation areas


'I










[Aua. 1tfl


surplus of carbonic acid begins to wor. the inijll- gained at the enrl f' the yenr, at least, the price
ry. Tho nwld of applicn;.,ji is to Ittil thii ini f tile labor-saving mnaclinls, :nd the following
a bag, an;l walking up and down tie furirws. i var, there will Le a clear profit.of money as
sow '.'era -s you do gramn. wveil as time, that can be spent more profitably in
If the season is such that much carbonic acid lighter and equally useful occupations. If in the
and anmmnia is formed jlst at the time the wheat above mentioned wood-housea row o barrels be
is most liable to be injured, it may be necessary placed close to the kitchen door one for ready
to repeat the application at an interval of. say niade goap, one ior soap-at into which is pre-
two weeks or less. And a very bad season may viousiv placc twenty-six pounds of potash, and
require the applications to he repeated several two barrels of water, one lor pig-slop, another
times. These operations, however, will not only for bones and all the worthless scraps and sweep-
save the grain from rust, but will make fine, ilns of the hou and another or chicken-feed,
large, full heads of plump wheat, and will also the following results will take place :-The soap
be useful to the succeeding crops-particularly being close at hand, can be used, when it is want-
the charcoal. Care must be taken not to sow ed, and there will be no excuse for things not be-
the preparations too thick-in one place, for they ing kept perfectly clean. If the barrel of potash
may kill the plants. A top-dressing of ground and water be kept close at hand, ten.times as
charcoal at the time of sowing the wheat, har- much soap-fat will be gathered and saved, as if
rowed in with the wheat, and rolled over with a the barrel were not there ; for it will take no
heavy roller, will be found highly efficacious in more time to throw it there than into the pig's
preventing the rust. It should be put on at the barrel, or to the dog. The potash will prevent
rate of twenty-five bushels to the acre. the fat from becoming mouldy, or filled with skip-
The preparations I have recommended are pers, which it is apt to do when collected in the
very efficacious in preventing the smut in wheat, usual way. The soap will make itself, if stirred
CuEMIco. once or twice a week. Potash, instead of ley, is
most economical,' as it is more certain in its re-
Economy ofLabor-saving Utensils in a ititchon suits; and the ashes are more valuable on the
., or on a .arm. land than what the soap is worth. The pig-slop
A little reflection will show that to save time is will Ie under the mistress's eye, and ingredient
a great gain, while a liberal, though economical neither too good nor too bad will be put in. The
expenditure of money is equally so. Labor-sa- bones and scraps, now so highly prized as ma-
ving machines in a farm kitchen are, therefore, nure, may all be saved; and last, not least, dirt is
of the utmost importance, as they not only save not made, and the time and strength that would
time, but strength; for instance, if a farmer ex- otherwise be taken in cleaning and scouring are
pendsa few dollars in the purchase f no saved foerbetter purposes; and the chickens may
constructed that it will bring butteiIn br be regularly fed without waste of time.
ten, or twenty minutes, and afterwards work the On a farm, as in a bee-hive, al should be work-
butter fit for printing, and this only by turning ers, and the drones sent off. The women as wel
the handle (and there are such churns now in as the men, should work ; but all will find that
use,) he will soon perceive that he has gained the best economy is to save, whether it be in time
more than at first sight he could think possible. or money, or strength, though all should be dill.
If he adds to this, pans for hot water, in which gently, carefully, and liberally used, if the farm.
the milk pans can eo-placed to prevent the new er wishes to thrive. If from a careful manage-
milk from cooling too rapidly, he will find on ment of time, you save one hour a day, either
churning day, that he has gained one-fifth more from unnecessary sleep, pleasure, or ignorance,
butter than by the ordinary method. If such lib- you will gain in five years, seventy days and
oral conveniences are allowed the farmer's wife two hours bor profitable improvement of mind or
and dnno-htrs n tlh mondrn .nan .rhnnn,. means.-Amer. Agriculturist. ..;


that noiseless friend to the farmer's wile, that will
silently do in two hours what it would take a man
a whole day to accomplish by his single arm, or
if a wood-shedcin which the kitchen _shallpoir,
where a ace cn be portionedafiLfor.1.arrels
and boxestliif areTobe receptacles for all sorts
of-tliiigs that the women should have in use close
to the scene of their labors, an to receive trash
that otherwise would be thrown out, itterim the
ard and giving an air o untht that is always
disgusting and if saved in barrels and caretullv
elected n a comosthep, will serves a ma-
S. -n forthe garden or farm, of the best quality,
the farmer himself will find in a short time, that
in:saving his strength, time, and health, he has


Ccnada Thistle.

Some persons suppose that this plant is only
propagated by root, not from seed. The idea is
unquestionably erroneous, and leads to a care-
lessness which permits the increase of the pest.
It is true that it spreads rapidly by roots; but
where it is seen to spring up, as it frequently
does, at a considerable distance from where it
had previously grown, it may be known to have
sprung from seed. It should therefore be made
a rule to prevent its seeding in all cases. We
believe a law requiring the periodical'cutting of
Canada thistles on the public highways.,in..thi


. *


-- _- ---~-PI-~6LB"~iI~-r~PIIYII I


I'- ------


N I I CI I I G A N FA R Al E' It -


7



i~s-i
~~:e
+i




/

/ /Fortunatus Harrington Shrewsbury Ak-s

27247 A UJo.. P9 -

Will

1. 'To Adam Harrington my beloved son I bequeath the farm
on which I now live it being the same which my Hon
Father Isaac Harrington formerly purchased of Stephen
Parker . containing by estimation 100 acres
. except the small lot I agve to the town of
Shrewsbury for a burying ground. I also bequeath to
him all my right in the tomb in the burying ground.

2. son, Jubal Harrington $5 which with the expense of
his education is the full share in the estate.

3. daughter Polly Thayer, wife of Lewis Thayer 1/2
of household furniture. The other half to 4 grand
children. Oliver H. Wheelock, Nancy M. Wheelock,
Mary E. Wheelock & Caroline E. Wheelock children
of my late beloved daughter Anna Wheelock, late
wife of Gardner Wheelock deceased.

Residue 1/4 to Adam, Polly, son Oliver
1/4 between grandchildren Charles A. Harrington,
Oliver Wheelock, Nancy M. Wheelock, Mary E. Wheelock
& Caroline E. Wheelock.

Adam to be excutor

Oct 26,


Inventory


Real estate,- home lot 100 acres 4800
Clous lot 40 acres 800
Wheeler & Bigelow lots 60 acres 1560
1 pew in first Baptist Meetinghouse
in Grafton 45.00
1 shed attached to sd meetinghouse 15.00
1 pew in First Restoration Society's Meetinghouse in Shrewsbury 5.00


7125.00


personal

1/2 of 2 oxen 60.00
1/2 of 2 3 yr old steers 33.00
1/2 of 2 yearling steers 17.50
1/2 of a gray cow 16.00
1/2 of a speckled cow 14.00








atus Harrington


Shrewsbury


personal (cont'd)


1/2'of mottled faced cows
'1/2 of an old.yellow cow
1/2 of one young yellow cow
1/2 of one yellow cow
1/2 of a heifer 2 yrs old
1/2 of a yellow calf
1/2 of a brindled calf
1/2 of a yearling bull
1 white horse
1/2 of 2 swine
1 one horse wagon
1 single sleigh
1 chaise & harness
1/2 cart body & wheels
1/2 two hay bodies & wheels
1/2 of a sled
1/2 of a harrow
1 beetle & 3 wedges,
1/2 three ploughs
1 corn tub
1 lot dry casks
1 winnowing mill
1/2 grindstone
1/2 6 cider hogsheads
9 cider barrels & keg


hay knives
pr horse chairs
lot of scythes & snaths
buffalo robe


1 wagon harness
3 iron bars
3 chairs
3 ox yokes
-->1 iron shovel
->1 manure fork
->3 rakes
2 meat tubs
2 hay forks
1 desk
1 chest
1 cupboard
1 work stand
1 lot of crockery ware
-1 pr brass andirons
lot knives & forks
bottles & waiter
1 basket & box
1 large silver spoon
11 silver tea spoons
1 lot glass ware
1 mirror


-2-


2
1
1
1


11.00
14.00
18.00
14.00
9.00
4.00
5.00
10.00
50.00
10.00
1.50
.75
15.00
4.00
4.00
1.50
.75
.67
3.00
.75
1.00
1.00
2.00
3.00
3.25
1.00
.30
2.00
1.50
.50
2.00
1.75
3.00
.50
.50
.25
1.00
1.00
3.00
.75
2.00
.75
3.00
1.00
1.50
.50
.12
2.00
5.00
1.25
.50




-3-


hatus Harrington

rsonal (contd)
rsonal (cont'd)


Shrewsbury


1 lot of books
'1 Raisof,
1 bed bedstead & being
i 1 i
1 bedstaed, chord & 2 pillows
1 bedquilt
1 bedquilt
1 bed coverlet
1 bed coverlet
1 bed coverlet
1 bed coverlet
1 bed coverlet
1 "I

1 "

1 bedquilt
1 comforter
7 pair woolen sheets
8 pair cotton sheets
8 pair pillow cases
4 table cloths
7 towels
1 mirror
1 chest & drawers
1 chest
1 woman's saddle
1 man's saddle-
1 set brass andirons
2 baskets
1 spinning wheel & reel
1 soffia
1 clock
1 four feet table
1 bed stead
1 light stand
- 1 warmingpan
3 rocking chairs & cushing
2 arm chairs
9 dining chairs
-8 kitchen chairs
1 pair bellows
1 pr andirons
2 pr tongs & shovels
lot of tin & pewter ware
1 mirror --
3 pair window curtains
1 lot iron ware
1 large. & small brass kettle
1 pair flat irons
2 axes


2.00
.12
15.00
12.00
4.00
1.00
1.25
3.00
1.75
2.50
1.75
1.50
1.25
.75
.50
.50
.50
.75
14.00
4.00
1.00
4.50
1.75
.13
2.00
.75
2.00
.25
1.25
.75
.12
3.50
1.50
1.00
.50
.25
1.00
2.00
.67.
2.25
2.00
.25
.50
.50
2.00
.25
.37
1.00
2.00
.50
1.25







Fortunatus Harrington


Shrewsbury


27247


personal (cont'd)


1 copper tea kettle & stone apparatus
5 .tea trays
1 bc..ta & wedges
1 drill


Total Real & personal

10 Feb 1841


Auction Account


"1 copper kettle
1 tea kettle
1 large boiler
1 iron pot
1 tin baker -
1 tin boiler
lot of tin
-_l1 spinning wheel
.-l barrel churn
9 bed blankets
bedstead & cord (2)
Bed
bed cord
window curtain
hard brushs
bed quilt 11
coverlett
19 woolen bed blankets
9 towels
1 table cloth
6 cotton sheets +10+1
window curtains
14 pillow cases
straw bed tick
feather bed, pillows & bolster
light stand
warming pan
rocking chair
8 dining chairs
fire set
straw tick
light stand
rocking chair 11
3 arm chairs
5 chairs
cushion
mirror
spinning wheel


'basket
table
sofa
chest
'tin kitchen
--od pewter dishes
-5 pewter plates
3 platters
1 silver spoon
1/2 doz silver teaspoons
1/2 "
1 looking glass
1 tray
2 bowls
1 bowl
1 toast dish
1 tea set
1 "
3 bowls
1 platter
7 plates
1/2 tea set
1 doz plates
7 plates
2 doz plates
1 decanter
1 salt cellar
->1 bottle
1 basket
1 doz knives & forks
1 candle stick brass
knives & forks I
1 bedstead
Law Books Wm H. Knowlton
World as it is
6 books & lot do diff buyers
case of drawers
decanter


-4-


.25
.50
1.50


7624.50






Fortunatus Harrington


Shrewsbury


27247


Auction Account (cont'd)

1 Bottle
'2 pitchers
tray
2 waiters
1 glass cupboard
1 pr bellows
2 pr tongs
1 shovel & tongs
1 pr dogs
1 bag & contents
Desk
Table
Bedquilt
cotton quilt
woolen quilt
bed, pillows & bolsters
straw bed
bedstead & cord
burvis
razor &c
tumblers (2 lots & 5)
1 sugar bowl.
1 mug &c
2 chests
booklet
clock
brass kettle
8 bottles
table
->2 wash tubs
2 flat irons
feather bed & pillows


Farm tools sold sep 343.50


total realized


(inc. livestock)


Addl inventory

this estate at time of first appraisal was in the city of St. Louis.

1 set of carpenters tools 21.66
wearing apparel of the deceased 28.33


one mortgaged dated Feb 1841
one note dated April 1841
S Feb 1841


49.99

280.00
25.00
16.00


Closing Ann Harrington retains $241.63 which she is to retain
as necessary for her use


i I


-5-


123.03







Calvin Harrington
Shrewsbury A 27175

Ann Harrington Admr

one'undivided half of 157 rods of peat land 10.83
situated in SW part of Shrewsbury

personal estate

one horse harness 7.64
a lot of old harnesses 2.33
one wagon body 4.00
i--carpenter's tools 1.58
a lot of old iron 1,17
>--one scythe 1.00
--~shovel & hoe .66
--7 fork & rake .53
-5one old wagon 1.33
one sleigh 2.00
1 gig 3.66
a lot of lumber 1.33
one bed & bedding 11.00
one bed & bedding 6.17
one bureau 5.66
one clock 4.00
one stove 11.66
one pine table & light
stand 1.25
,-one sink 1.50
a lot of crockery 4.83
13 chairs 2.75
2 tables- 2.66
one chest 1.25
,-shovel & tongs & flats .42
one brass kettle & iron ware 1.75
92.96



Aug 11, 1841




Gerry Dudley (cordwainer) 17742 A 0.
Shrewsbury, MA

Admrs. Betsy Dudley & Nathan Howe
Feb 20, 1835

Inventory

1 outside cloak .21 2 pairs of pantaloons .90 1.01
1 strait coat 92 3 shirts and 1 diskno,[?2 1.34
1 vest .12 pair of boots & one of shoes .70 .82
2 pairs of sheats 1.33 3 pairs of pillow cases .33 1.66
5 towels 50 one table cloth .40 1 pr sheats .67 1.57
1 old feather bed & covering 2.50 1 bedquilt .80 3.30
best bed pillows and bolster 4.00 1 straw do .50 4.50'
3 old bed quilts .75 1 trunk 1.33 3 chairs .30 2.38
2 bed steds and ropes 3.50 2 tables & 1 light
stand .75 4.25
1 Bureauqh 1.02 1 old chest .25 l tin oven .25 1.07
1 stove & funnel 2.00 1 decanter & glass ware .50 2.50
1 tea set & other crockery .75 pui & tin ware .25 1.00
1 pair steelyards .25 brown earth en1' ug & pots .65
2 crains & hooks 1.02 1 pair of dogs .30 1.65
2 fire shovels & tongues .40 1 pair of flatts ,25 .65
1 brass kittle 3.25 tea kittle & iron ware 1.00 4.25
2 axes .50 1 pail .25 L-ho.,.20 .95
1 set of shoe makers tools 2.75 1 case of knives
& forks 3.00
1 looking glass 2 window curtins .30

37.57
Real Estate 300.00
337.57

Feb. 26, 1835

Daniel Fales
Henry Baldwin
Lucius S. Allen

Gerry Dudley's estate represented insolvent
due Nymphas Pratt on mortgage and interest 158.00

etc 296.83

license to sell real estate June 2, 1835

a decent dwelling house; a good never failing well of water, with
about half an acre of the first rate land lying about half a mile
easterly of the congregational meetinghouse in said Shrewsbury
and near the old post road from Boston to Worcester and is one of
the most convenient stands for a mechanic in this vicinity and in one
of the most florishing villages in these parts For further information
enquire of the subscribes one of which is living thereon
Betsy Dudley
Nathan Horne


___ __I ___




erry Dudley (cordwainer) (cont'd) 17742 A


advts posted Samuel Woodburn jr. Shrewsbury
Thomas Harrington "
James H. Benchley Grafton
Eben D. Blake Northborough

..List of privileged claims

Dr. A. K. Phelps for medicine and attendance in his last
sickness I 6.50
Stephen Bull Jr 7.35
Samuel A. Pratt Coffin & Grave 6.00
taxes for 1834 2.87/
taxes on real estate for 1835 .06
Commis on insolvency for their services 6.50
Admrs for settling the estate 18.00

47.86

due Col. Nymphas Pratt on his mortgage to April 1, 1836 68.00

215.86

Cr. personal estate appraised 37.50
by sale of real estate at auction 355.00

392.50
privileged demands brought up 215.86

176.64

April 1, 1836 Betsy Dudley widow of the late Gery Dudley
prays the Hon Judge . to take her situation into consideration.
She being destitute of any property but what his in the foregoing estate
with four small children, the oldest about six years and the youngest
about four months old and allow her the balance of said estate after
paying the mortgage & the privileged demands . .

Judge ordered $176.64 remaining be turned over to the widow
"the same being necessary for her support"




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