Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: De Mesa Plans
Title: Sign-out for DeMesa
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Sign-out for DeMesa
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: De Mesa Plans
Physical Description: Research notes
Language: English
Publication Date: 1990
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
43 Saint George Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
de Mesa-Sanchez House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 43 Saint George Street
Coordinates: 29.896429 x -81.313225
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00091264
Volume ID: VID00033
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution.
Resource Identifier: B7-L6

Full Text

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San Agustin Antiguo Foundation, Inc.

Post Office Box 1987
St. Augustine, Florida 32085
(904) 824-3355

21 March 1950

TO: E. Newton
FROM: Anthea Churchman
SUBJECT: Copying machine in the Cerveau House

I am in the process of pulling together existing research material
in the H.S.A.P.B. library to form a Training syllabus for employees
in the Museum. I am copying a great deal of material and thought it
prudent to advise you of this extra expense.I am careful to use both
sides of the paper, but realizing there is a quota for copies made,please
be advised of my efforts.
I also needed three-ring binders for this project,I spoke with
Betty G. and she explained that the State sold the Binders for $2.85 cents,
I called Vinyl Industrial Products,a local company and was quoted a
price of $1.80 each.The purchasing agent, Tim Fleming offered to donate
these binders, I was given one dozen red binders, if possible could
you please write a note acknowledging our appreciation.
Thank you for the prompt attention I know you will give this request.



From 1818 to 1858, the United States
fought three wars with the Seminole Indians.
Itis possible, for those with a special interest,
to follow the course of these conflicts by
visiting some selected historic sites that are
managed by the Florida Park Service.
Fort Gadsden State Historic Site, in the
Florida panhandle, interprets the opening
round of the first war against the Seminoles.
Sfort overlooking the Apalachicola River
Built by the British during the War of
1812. It was occupied by Indians and their
Negro allies and became known as the "Negro
Fort." When an American vessel coming up
the river was fired upon in 1816, U.S. troops
from Georgia (Florida was still a Spanish
colony at that time) moved south to attack
the fort. In the one-sided battle that followed,
a hot American cannon ball landed in the
fort's powder magazine and blew the install-
ation to pieces, killing all but 30 of the more
than 300 occupants. .. :
; Border incidents between Americans in
Georgia and Seminoles in Spanish Florida ,
Sntinued. The First Seminole War began
cially in 1817 when U.S. troops attempted
est Neamathla, a Seminole chief. Gen.
I Andrew Jackson led an expedition against
the Indians and destroyed Seminole power :
west of the Suwannee River. During the :
course of this campaign, a fort was built at
the site of the old British fort to serve as a
supply base for the expedition. It was named
Fort Gadsden. The earthworks of these forts
can still be seen at the site. An interpretive
center houses exhibits that explain the his-*
toric events that occurred there.
Gen. Jackson then moved south, seized
the Spano ort at St. Marks and executed

two captured British citizens whom he sus-
pected of inciting Indian raids, thus creating
a diplomatic crisis between the U.S., Great
Britain and Spain. Jackson then withdrew
from the area, which is now San Marcos de
Apalache State Historic Site. Itis located on
the coast south of Tallahassee and features a
visitor center with exhibits that explain the

site's historical significance.
Florida became part of the U.S. in 1821.
As settlers poured into the new territory,
friction with the Indians 'continued and a
second war with the Seminoles began in
1835. It lasted seven years and was the
longest and costliest of the American Indian
Wars, a fact reflected in the number of sites

in the Florida Park System that interpret
this conflict.
Paynes Prairie State Preserve near Gaines-
ville was named after King Payne, a Semi-
nole chief whose village was nearthere. Sev-
eral engagements were fought on and around
the prairie, including one known as the
Battle of Black Point, in which Osceola
attacked an army baggage train on Dec. 18,
1835. Additional information is provided at
the Paynes Prairie visitor center.
In the Daytona Beach area, there are three
state historic sites that preserve the ruins of
sugar plantations destroyed by Indians early
in the Second Seminole War. AtNew Smyrna
Sugar Mill Ruins State Historic Site, most of
the coquina walls have survived since aban-
doned under Indian attack in December
1835. The large chimneys at Bulow Planta-
tion Ruins State Historic Site indicate the
scale of the.sugar operation before the mill
was burned in January 1836. Aninterpretive
center describes the history of theplantation.
Addison Blockhouse State Historic Site, the
site of a skirmish in March 1836, has earth-
works and the ruins of the plantation kitchen
which served as a blockhouse. The plantation
was plundered in the same wave of Indian
attacks that destroyed New Smyrna and
Bulow. Addison Blockhouse can be reached
by boat from Tomoka State Park.
Dade Battlefield State Historic Site at
Bushnell marks the spot where Indians anni-
hilated a force of 108 U.S. troops under the
command of Maj. Francis Dade. This was
the first major military action of the Second
Seminole War. There are interpretive exhib-

its in a visitor center, and commemorative
activities are held each year on the Sunday
nearest to Dec. 28, the date of the battle
in 1835.
Fort Cooper State Park near Inverness is
S the site where U.S. troops withstood a two-

week siege by a laIp Seminole force. In early
April 1836, a few amy artillerymen and 380
ninety-day Georgia volunteers hastily con-
structed a log foet under the direction of
Maj. Mark Anthoy Cooper. This was the
only major engagement in Gen. Winfield
Scott's elaborate but fruitless campaign to
surround the Semimoles in the swamps and
hammocks knowns the Cove of the Withla-
coochee. An interpretive sign is placed where
the fort formerly stood. Historic talks are
available upon request. Each year on a
weekend in early April, a Fort Cooper Com-
memorative Day is held, featuring park and
volunteer staff in period clothing re-creating
the event.
A historic lighthouse stands at Cape Florida
State Recreation Area in Key Biscayne. On
July 23, 1836, attacked and set afire by
Seminoles, it endured what may have been
the only lighthouse siege in history. The
assistant lighthouse keeper miraculously
survived the attack, although his
assistant was killed. Rangers provide tours
through the restored lighthouse and
reconstructed keeper dwelling.
San Felasco Hammock State Preserve, near
Gainesville, was de location of a Sept. 18,
1836, battle by the same name. Indians at-
tempted to overpower a 100-man Florida
militia unit underCoLJohn Warren but were
kept at bay by annon fire and mounted
The year is 1837 Construction of a series of
log forts, a day's march apart, is helping to
secure a wildernessterritory and surmount the
great logistical problems of food and equip-
ment supply to the troops. One of their new
supply depots andrest stops is Fort Foster.
Visitors can peertirough the gun port where
the fort's six-poed cannon protects the
bridge over the Hiborough River. Seminoles
at this moment nay be moving through pine
trees and palmetts just beyond view.

The Florida Park Service has made it
possible to re-live this moment of history. An
exact replica of a real fort-Fort Foster-
has been reconstructed on the original spot at
Hillsborough River State Park. It is open to
the public on weekends. Park rangers are
dressed as soldiers of the period and they act
the part. You may talk to them and even
drink from the pot of coffee that they keep
over the cooking fire. A nearby interpretive
center contains exhibits that provide addi-
tional information on the Second Seminole
War. The center is open daily.
The Battle of the Loxahatchee River took
place Jan. 24, 1838, near Jupiter at the
present-day location of Jonathan Dickinson
State Park. A sign in the park explains the
battle, and an interpretive activity brings the
historic event to life through a park ranger
dressed as a mounted horse soldier of the
In December 1838, in an imaginative but
futile attempt to terminate the war, Cherokee
Indian chiefs were brought to Florida to
persuade the Seminoles to move west of the
Mississippi River. The initial meeting occur-
red at a place now identified as Tosohatchee
State Reserve.
Indian Key State Historic Site, an island
in the Florida Keys, was a thriving settle-
ment until attacked and burned by Seminoles
Aug. 7, 1840. There are trails on the island
and signs that explain the significance of the
settlement ruins. Visitors must supply their
own boat to reach the park. Arrangements
can be made for a park ranger to lead a tour
for an organized group.
By 1842 the majority of the Seminoles had
been killed or removed from Florida and the
war was declared ended. In 1849 Seminoles
attacked and killed settlers at a trading post
on the Peace River near present-day Wau-
chula. Federal troops were rushed back to
Flor in anticipation of renewed fighting,

but the Indian murderers were renegades
who were turned over to the U.S. govern-
ment by the Seminoles. War was thus averted
that year, but continued friction finally re-
sulted in the Third Seminole War (1856-
1858). The events described above are inter-
preted in a visitor center at Paynes Creek
State Historic Site.

The Florida Department of Natural Resources is an
equal opportunity agency, offering all persons the benefits
of participating in each of its programs and competing in
all areas of employment regardless of race, color, religion,
sex, national origin, age, handicap or other non-meritfactors.


Division of Recreation and Parks

Marjory Stoneman Douglas Building
3900 Commonwealth Blvd.
Tallahassee, FL 32399

This publication was produced at a cost of
$1,471.00 or $0.029 a copy to distribute
information about Florida State Parks
and the Seminole Wars.


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