1. Floorcloth hand-painted reproduction on canvas (Robert Stewart, Museum
Curator; Beverly Stuart, Thelma Auge, Volunteers). Black-and-white
checkerboard pattern popular in 18th and early-19th centuries. Probably
an attempt to imitate marble.
2. Curtains reproduction of late-18th century printed French toile
(pronounced twal) pattern. Print shows France congratulating America on
her independence. Might have been adapted from bed-hangings, which would
have been useless in Florida.
3. Mantle mirror heavy, Empire-style mantle mirror. Ca. 1830-50. Gilded.
Hung high for greater visual effect. Modern glass.
4. Argand lamps ca. 1825-30. American. Relief-cast bronze. Signed by
maker: "B. Gardiner. N. York." Glass shades are somewhat later. Placed
in front of mirror to greater reflect light throughout room. Could have
been moved around house as needed.
5. Sofa early 19th century. American. Empire style. Mahogany. Plain linen
slipcover would cover what probably would have been horsehair upholstery
(ours is not in horsehair). Slipcover also would have helped keep street
dust off sofa. Slipcovers generally used in summer, but in St. Augustine
they might have stayed on all year.
6. Print 1839. American. "Washington." Colored engraving. Inscription
reads: "Painted by Cogniet, 1836. OFishel, Adler & Schwartz Co. N.Y. From
the Engraving by Laugier, 1839." Indicative of the veneration paid to
Washington in the early 19th century.
7. Clock ca. 1840-60. American, made in Connecticut (label inside "Wm. L.
Gilbert Clock Co., Winstead, Conn.) Gilt paint. False-grained pilasters.
8. Card table ca. 1815-30. American (New York or Baltimore). Also called
a Pembroke table. Sheraton style.' Mahogany and pine. Reeded legs.
Original castors. Use of castors and drop-leaf design allows for movement
around room as needed. Drawer with original brass pull (false drawer with
matching pull at other end). Sheraton style somewhat dated by late 1830's,
thus perhaps its relegation to a "secondary" parlor.
9. 3 cane bottom chairs early 19th century. American (probably Baltimore
area). Hitchcock-type chair. Black with polychrome seashell and floral
decoration (early but not original). Common occasional chairs which would
have been very inexpensive in their time and perfectly suited for a office
or informal parlor.
10. Bottle ca. 1790-1800. Irish (probably Cork). Finely cut floral designs.
Probably originally contained whiskey but has been saved by owner and re-
used for rum.
11. Pair of glasses ca. 1800-1810. English. Small blown and hand-turned
glasses for "flip" or other popular drinks. (Flip is made with rum and ale
which is sweetened and heated. Note the poker used for heating the mixture
in the glass weaker.)
12. Beaker ca. 1800. American. Blown glass beaker with 8 oz. capacity. May
have originally been used for medicinal purposes but has been adapted here
for mixing drinks.
13. Bottle mid-19th century. American. Typical stoneware bottle for beer or
14. Games board ca. 1800-30. English. Made as a pair of books (History of
Scotland, Vols. I & II). Designed for use in backgammon, checkers or chess.
Imitation marbling on edges. Modern chess pieces.
15. Playing cards 1830's reproductions. American (New York). Face cards
include national heroes (kings), classical goddesses (queens), famous
Indians (jacks). These reproductions are probably smaller than the originals
would have been..
1. Floorcloth plain green canvas floorcloth. Matches stair runner. Floor-
cloths commonly used in halls and on stairs.
2. Prints 1813. English. "Spanish Bull Fighting." Five from original set of
thirteen. Indicative of Northern newcomers' interest in St. Augustine's
Spanish heritage (almost like modern "tourists").
1. Matting straw matting laid wall-to-wall a common practice in early 19th
century. Matting listed in St. Augustine inventories. (This is tatami beach
2. Rug modern Oriental.
S3. Desk ca. 1840-50. American. Common type of mass-produced furniture. Could
have been used by businessmen, bankers, lawyers, and even small post offices.
Castors for easy movement.
4. Tin box painted cash box with lock.
5. Candlestick plain tin with adjusting device.
6. Mug reproduction of common redware mug.
7. Pipes.- reproduction clay pipes.
8. Tobacco modern. Twisted and looped in original fashion.
9. Ruler mid-19th century. American.
10. Spectacles early 19th century. American. Case included.
11. Inkwell reproduction of early 19th century stoneware type.
12. Book An Introduction to Natural Philosophy, Vol. I: Mechanics and Hydro-
statics (Denis Olmsted; 1838). Evidence of interest in science and mathematics.
13. Chairs mates to other three in Room 101.
14. Table ca. 1840. American. (Georgia). Pine. Single board top. Pegged.
Simple vernacular table that could have been homemade or constructed by a
local carpenter. Green paint is early but not original.
15. Case, bottles and glasses ca. 1830-40. American. Common liquor case with
blown bottles and pressed-glass glasses. Decorated with gold paint. A servant
has been cleaning the set.
16. Print "Barra y Puerto de Sn Agustin" (1808). "Bar and Port of St. Augustine.
17. Map modern facsimile of 1837 Florida map by J. Lee Williams, who produced it
in conjunction with a published travel account of the Territory. Shows towns
and road system, which would have been useful for a real estate dealer.
1. Barrel modern. Contains examples of original ceramics which have recently
been shipped down from the North to the family here. The white plate is cream-
ware, English, ca. 1840-70. The transfer-printed plate is ironstone, English,
2. Sconce reproduction of ca. 1800 tin candle sconce.
3. Net modern cast net. Represents type of net used to fish for mullet and
other fish around St. Augustine. Left to dry on shutters.
4. Painted chest ca. 1790-1800. Oriental. Painted camphor wood chest used for
shipping spices. Could have been adapted for shipping clothes or other
5. Leather chest 19th century. Spanish. We shall interpret it as simply a
common leather trunk of the 19th century, ignoring its Spanish provenance.
6. Flax wheel 19th century. Possibly Spanish. Again, ignore the Spanish
provenance'. Interpret as an outmoded tool by 1830; now consigned to storage.
7. Fabric late 19th century. American. Damask. Good fabric awaiting use for
upholstery, curtains or tablecloth.
8. Buckets, baskets, stool miscellaneous items put into storeroom.
1. Floorcloth and matting a combination often used under dining table. (Floor-
cloth painted by Robert Stewart, Curator, and Beverly Stuart, Volunteer.) It
reproduces a pattern illustrated in a New England painting of 1802 ("Portrait
of Ephraim Starr" by Simon Fitch).
2. Print ca. 1800. English. "Inhabitants of Minorca."
3. Print "Ponus Castle." English. 1836. Steel engraving by J.T. Willmore
after drawing by J.M.W. Turner (famous English landscape artist Burning of
the Houses of Parliament; Rain, Speed and Steam). Picturesque view of English
(Scottish?) countryside: hunter stalking water fowl in foreground; Ponus
Castle on hill in background. A eerie sort of romantic scene.
4. Table ca. 1840. American. Empire style. Note heavy, cumbersome form.
5. Tablecloth (and napkins) modern.
6. Chairs ca. 1840. American (Pennsylvania). Arrowback chairs. Painted and
stenciled designs very popular. Simple chairs which would have been fairly
inexpensive in their time.
7. High chair early 19th century. American (Florida). Pine. Hand-carved or
whittled primitive high chair with cowhide seat. Made in Florida.
8. Table ceramics reproduction of typical 19th century English ironstone ware
in "Blue Willow" pattern. Set for a simple dinner of soup and tea.
.9. Spoons reproduction 18th century English pewter soup spoons.
10. Platter ca. 1780-1830. English. Shell-edge pearlware.
11. Glasses reproductions of ca. 1820 American pressed-glass goblets.
12. Decanter ca. 1820-40. English. Molded glass decanter for wine or other
13. Sideboard ca. 1820. English. Mahogany. Regency style. Used for storing
table ceramics, flatware, table linens, etc.
14. Teabox ca. 1800-20. English. Original toile paper lining. Used for shipping
tea from Orient. (Would have been made in England, however.)
15. Bottle Irish cut glass (see Room 101, #10).
16. Pitcher 19th century. English. Transfer-printed design.
17. Decanter ca. 1820-30. English. Cat glass. Example of the finer furnishings
that probably would have been owned by an upper-middle class family.
1. Straw matting
2. Cot modern adaptation of simple rope bed.
3. Broom reproduction of 19th century hand-made straw broom.
4. Stools modern.
5. Crib early 19th century. American. Actually was probably originally a cradle,
but legs or cradle sawed off long ago.
6. Coverlet early 19th century. American (Pennsylvania). Hand-woven blue, red
and white coverlet in elaborate designs. Loaned to HSAPB by Mr. and Mrs. Welton
7. Table with cloth modern. Tablecloth in common green calico.
8. Candle sconce reproduction of ca. 1800 tin candle sconce.
9. Cupboard 19th century. Guatemala. Again, please ignore the origin of the
piece. Emphasize instead its design for hanging from ceiling to keep out
vermin (used for food storage). Its simple design is comparable to American
vernacular furniture of the period.
10. Broken dish transfer-printed dish (being repaired by servant).
11. Mug reproduction redware.
12. Platter ca. 1780-1830. English. Shell-edge pearlware.
1. Straw matting.
2. Rug modern creation based upon conventional colors, materials and patterns of
18th and early 19th century homemade American rugs. Wool and linen ("linsey-
woolsey"). Woven in strips and sewn together by Ann Lunestad, HSAPB weaver.
3. Curtains reproduction of 1830's printed chintz material. English. Pattern -
"Custom House Chintz." (Original in Society for the Preservation of Long
Island Antiquities.) Hung with wooden rods and rings painted gold.. Tied in
popular early 19th century arrangement.
4. Fireplace grate and fender ca. 1825. American (New York or Boston). Brass
and iron. The grate is early but not original.
5. Painting late 18th century. European, probably English. Sentimental, Rococo-
style still-life. Purchased through donation from Woodmen of the World Life
6. Candlesticks/prisms ca. 1800. Irish. Cut glass. Prisms removed at night;
7. Settee ca. 1830's. American (New Hampshire). Mahogany and pine. Empire
style. Rolled arms; cornucopia carving. Upholstery is a moire damask. Signed
by maker: "John Drew/Cabnet. Maker/Dover NH."
8. Table ca. 1840's. American. Mahogany. Empire style. Lyre base.
9. Chairs ca. 1830-50. American (New England). Pine. Fancy chairs. False
graining painted on back rails. Simple, cheap occasional chairs.
.10. Lamp ca. 1820-30. American. Pressed glass oil lamp with marble base and
original brass wick fittings and caps.
11. Book 1831. American. The Works of Cowper and Thomson. Indicative of reading
as leisure activity.
12. Palm fan modern. Reflects Florida climate.
13. Glass jar with shells early 19th century. American. Used for medicine, candy,
etc., but here adapted to contain shells collected locally.
14. Melodeon 1855. American (Worcester, Mass.). Rosewood. Though this one is
post-Territorial, melodeons were made much earlier and did not change much in
design. Pump organ.
15. Book 1839. American. Grigg's Southern and Western Songster. Published book
of popular songs.
16. Print 1840. American. "View of the Public Square in St. Augustine."
Lithograph; removed from magazine.
17. Piano 1832. American (New York). Pianoforte. Mahogany. Cabinetwork by
Thomas Loud Company. Indicative of music as important source of entertainment
in early 194h century.
18. Sheet music 1830's. American. "President Jackson's Grand March." Arranged
for the pianoforte. Autographed by the composer.
19. Secretary bookcase 1820-35. American (perhaps Virginia or Kentucky).
Mahogany and cherry. Original leaded glass doors a rare feature. Original
brass drawer pulls. The bow-front drawers and leaded doors reflect a
persistence o'f 18th-century forms in country furniture until well into the 19th
20. Book 1839. Panorama Universal: Chile (in Spanish). Like prints in hall,
reflects passive interest in Spanish culture.
21. Miscellaneous books in secretary early 19th century. All in French. Please
ignore the books, except as props or decorative embellishments.
22. Book: 1808. Edward's History of Redemption (Jonathan Edwards).
23. Lamp ca. 1820-30. American. Pressed glass oil lamp.
24. Armchair ca. 1790-1800. American (Southern, probably Charleston, S.C.).
Mahogany. Hepplewhite style. Fine carvings suggest this is a special piece
for the house. Extensive trade with Charleston dating back to 18th century.
Needlework seat is early but not original.
25. Carpenter lock (on doors to balcony) ca. 1815-30. English.
26. Rimlock (on door to stair hall) ca. 1820-30. American (New Y6rk). Sheet
iron with brass works. Original manufacturer's stamp.
Note: All of the locks except the one on the front door are original (though
not original to the house). They are either of the Carpenter type or the
regular rimlock type. (The latter have either all iron or iron and brass
construction.) All of the thumblatches and slidebolts are reproductions.
1. Straw matting.
2. Rug exact reproduction of an original ca. 1820-40 rug in the HSAPB collection.
Original donated and reproduction produced by Priscilla G. Johns, former H9APB
interpreter. Original from New England, probably Connecticut. Wool, cotton,
jute. Design consists of magnolia leaves and buds.
3. Chest of drawers ca. 1840. American. Mahogany and pine. Empire style.
Mirror missing might be interpreted as having been broken in transit from
4. Mirror ca. 1830-50. American. Pine. Empire style with ogee frame. Simple,
5. Dish ca. 1795-1820. English. Transfer print pearlware. Used here as a soap
6. Razor 19th century. French. Ordinary straight razor with blade removed.
7. Comb reproduction of 19th century tortoise shell comb.
8. Boxes early 19th century. American. Known as "Shaker boxes" because they
were manufactured (not exclusively) in Shaker community shops. Simple boxes
for jewelry or other personal effects. The small one would have held pills.
9. Bottles early 19th century. American. Common medicine bottles.
10. Candlestick early 19th century. American. Tin candlestick with adjusting
11. Bed early 19th century. American (Ohio). Walnut (?) and pine. Common
country-style bed of the period. Rope springs. Mattress stuffed with straw.
12. Bedspread modern. Made locally by Mrs. Owen D. Young. Hand-knit. Cotton.
Although not a reproduction, it is similar in style to the very popular
Marseilles quilts of the period.
13. Physician's bag early 19th century. American. Suggests illness in family -
might have been left there temporarily.
14. Bed wrench 18th century (?). American. Hickory. Used for tightening bed
15. Boot jack 19th century. American. Pine. Used for removing boots.
16. Potty commode ca. 1810-30. American (New England). Pine. A very rare and
important piece, featuring painted graining and painted imitation inlay and
cross-banding., Also contains its original earthenware chamber pot. Probably
an essential item for a family with an ill member.
Room 205 '.
1. Cupboard ca. 1825-40. American (probably Boston). Mahogany and pine. Also
called a "hall cupboard" because of its shallow depth, it features fine carving
and original hardware. Used here mostly for bed linens.
1. Straw matting.
2. Bed ca. 1830. American. Walnut, maple and pine. A small bed suitable for
one or probably two children. Rope springs.
3. Spread modern. Printed design similar to early printed cottons.
4. Wooden boat modern. Approximates the kind of toy boat which might have been
whittled by a boy. Design is that of an Indian canoe.
5. Writing slate 19th century. American. Writing slate with hickory frame.
Solid lead pencil is a reproduction of an 18th century type.
6. Bottles 18th century. English. Common wine bottles which might have been
found around St. Augustine and collected by a young boy.
7. Washstand ca. 1820-30. American (probably New England). Pine with mahogany
veneer. Common washstand cabinet.
8. Basin 19th century. American. Common creamware wash basin.
9. Mirror 19th century. American. Pine. Original glass.
10. Shell picked up off beach by young boy.
11. Trundle bed early 19th century. American. Pine. Unusual rope spring
arrangement (probably not very satisfactory.)