Group Title: Historic St. Augustine: De Mesa Sanchez House, Block 7 Lot 6
Title: The De Mesa - Sanchez house
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00091263/00144
 Material Information
Title: The De Mesa - Sanchez house
Series Title: Historic St. Augustine: De Mesa Sanchez House, Block 7 Lot 6
Physical Description: Report
Language: English
 Subjects
Subject: Saint Augustine (Fla.)
43 Saint George Street (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
de Mesa-Sanchez House (Saint Augustine, Fla.)
Spatial Coverage: North America -- United States of America -- Florida -- Saint Johns -- Saint Augustine -- 43 Saint George Street
Coordinates: 29.896429 x -81.313225
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00091263
Volume ID: VID00144
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution.
Resource Identifier: B7-L6

Full Text
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THE DE MESA-SANCHEZ HOUSE:
HISTORY, RESTORATION AND INTERPRETATION


I. SYNOPSIS OF BUILDING HISTORY

A. First Spanish Period, 1763-64

1. Owner Antonio de Mesa ( ? 1766) Born in Veracruz, Mexico;

died in Havana. Married, seven children. Employed as a Shore

Guard in St. Augustine (customs official)

Structure: One-story stone house on St. George Street

B. British Period, 1764-84

1. (1764-68) Owner: William Walton ( ? 1768) Resident of

New York but fourth largest property owner in St. Augustine

in British Period (1765). Head of major export company which

supplied St. Augustine.

Structure: Walton made no changes

2. (1768-71) Property reverted to British crown

3. (1771-84) Owner: Joseph Stout. Native of Philadelphia.

Lived on Lake George south of St. Augustine but owned property

in town. Married, four children born while in East Florida.

Prosperous indigo planter. Moved to Bahamas in 1784-85.

Structure: Stout probably enlarged the structure to the south

but probably did not add second floor.

C. Second Spanish Period, 1784-1821

1. (1784-1802) Owner: don Juan Sanchez. Born in Puerto Real,

Andalusia, Spain. Married, two children, one stepchild. Em-

ployed as Chief Master Caulker of the Royal Works. Later pur-

chased schooner for use in coastal trade and with Havana.


* For a detailed history see Mike Scardaville's report, "Historical Outline
of the DeMesa-Sanchez (Spanish Inn) Site" (1978)




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(1803-1832) Owner: heirs of Juan Sanchez

Structure: Sanchez apparently added a partial second floor (west

wing). Rocque map (1788) shows a three-room stone house with an

outbuilding (kitchen) and loggia. By 1791 second floor over entire

building. Kitchen may have been enclosed by 1821 or 1833.

D. American Period, 1821-present

1. Owners: From 1832 (post-Sanchez heirs) to the present there

have been 21 owners.

Structure: Kitchen possibly enclosed between 1835 and 1837

(Evidence is increased sale price) Various uses for the building

but no substantial alterations since that period.

II. RESTORATION OF THE BUILDING

A. Decision to restore structure to its appearance ca. 1837. Rationale:

1. Preserve as much of the original fabric as possible. Various

documentary and architectural evidence points to 1830's as

period of enlargement and renovation of building:

a.) Sale price of 1837

b. Vertical-sawn boards and cut nails in rafters and joists

(probably 1820-60)

c. Renovation of building unlikely after Sanchez's death in

1802, until after his heirs sell the house in.1832

d. Greek Revival architectural elements (roughly 1820-60),

including mantels, door and window trim, ashlar scoring,

evidence of large ceiling molding

2. Restoration to earlier period would involve demolition of much

of East Wing and complete reconstruction of freestanding

kitchen.








3. Large amount of information available regarding the appearance

of the building in the 1830's

B. Paint Color

Determined by microscopic analysis of scrapings taken from walls

known to have been added ca. 1830's. Matched to universal Munsell

Color System.

Spectrographic analysis performed on paint samples, which could

not reveal definitive age of the paint, but did reveal its chemical

make-up.

III. INTERPRETATION OF THE BUILDING

A. Combination historic house museum and (tentatively) space for

museum exhibits

1. Historic house museum

Will seek to depict a home of a middle-class Eastern family

recently relocated in St. Augustine in the late 1830's.

House recently remodeled and furnished according to tastes

and means of the day, with some older pieces. Furnishings

will be, as much as possible, authentic period antiques.

Interpretation will center around daily family life and will

hopefully include a strong emphasis on commercial life of the

period.

2. Museum exhibits (NEH grant submitted). To be housed in

several rooms. Will include a slide-tape presentation

focusing upon research and restoration of house (perhaps also

serving as a general orientation to San Agustin Antiguo).

Will also include panel and case exhibits focusing upon

different owners or residents of the house between 1763-1845,




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using their lives or careers as starting points for discussions

of social and economic life of St. Augustine. Funding for

exhibits will probably depend upon awarding of grant.

For more information, see the following reports on file in Government House:

Scardaville, Michael, "Historical Outline of the DeMesa-Sanchez (Spanish

Inn) Site" (1978)

Fisher and Shephard, "Research Report: Restoration of the DeMesa-Sanchez

House for the St. Augustine Preservation Board" (1977)

Deagan, Kathleen, "1977 Excavations of the deMesa-Sanchez House Interior"

(1978)

Bostwick, John, "Further Excavations in the deMesa-Sanchez House,

1977-1978" (1978)

Harper, Robert, "Interpretive Furnishing Proposal for the DeMesa-

Sanchez House" (1979)

Stewart, Robert, NEH grant proposal (1980)

In addition, we have on file literally piles of photographs, slides,

drawings, maps, furnishing lists, floor plans, paint samples, etc., etc.




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