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Finding Guide: A Guide to the May Mann Jennings Papers
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Subject: Jennings, May Mann, 1872-1963.
Florida Federation of Women’s Clubs.
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Mrs. William Sherman Jennings
First Vice President of the

General Federation of Women's Clubs

The Florida Federation of Women's Clubs is honored in presenting the
First Vice President of the General Federation of Women's Clubs for election
to the presidency at the Biennial Convention,
June, Nineteen hundred and twenty-four
Los Angeles, California.


:.


'








Y RS. WILLIAM SHERMAN JENNINGS, (May Austin Mann), Florida's candidate for election as President of the General
Federation of Women's Clubs at the Biennial Convention, Los Angeles, California, next June, is one of the most inter-
esting and many-sided personalities among the club women of the Country.
Mrs. Jennings father, Austin Shuey Mann, a native of Ohio, moved to Florida from Ohio. He took an active part in
the development of the State, and will be long remembered as "Senator Mann, the father of good roads". Her mother,
Elizabeth Rachel Kline Mann, was born in Pennsylvania. On both sides Mrs Jennings is descended from distinguished
colonial ancestry.
In 1891, at Tallahassee, Austin S. Mann was attending the legislature as Senator from his district, and May Mann
was with him. That period marked the beginning of her exceptional career of wide experience and varied usefulness.
During that year she married William Sherman Jennings. He was born in Illinois, came to Florida as a boy, and was
destined to become one of Florida's greatest governors, serving from 1901 to 1905. Their son, Sherman Bryan Jennings,
who is one of the promising young lawyers in the state, and who served in the Navy during the war, is the father of Mrs.
Jennings' three beautiful grandchildren.

It was Governor Jennings' message to the legislature in 1903 that first recommended the drainage and reclamation
of the Everglades, one of the greatest undertakings of its kind in the world. Afterwards, as attorney for the State Board
which had those lands in charge, he caused the surveys to be made and the canals to be laid out, toiling unceasingly for
the success of this great project.
Throughout Governor Jennings' long service to Florida, Mrs. Jennings was her husband's "right hand man", so to
speak. They worked together, and yet she never allowed public affairs to interfere with her love of home and its interests.
She is a gracious and delightful hostess, dispensing true southern hospitality; she is a student of the great outdoors, a
recognized authority on forestry and conservation, having saved to Florida and the country at large, Royal Palm State
Park, which is the greatest tropical jungle in the United States. She is in addition a lover of music, painting, flowers-her
garden of lilies is a joy to behold.
Her wonderful tact and intuition were invaluable to Governor Jennings, just as the training in politics she received
from him and her father is now invaluable to her, in the vast arena of club work she entered before Governor Jennings'
death. He was proud of her talents, her diplomacy and discernment; her ready power of appreciation and endorsement
of the good work of others.
It was Mrs. Jennings' executive ability, her large grasp of state and national affairs, and her complete freedom from
party politics which caused her to inaugurate and carry to a successful conclusion the campaign for the appointment by
President Harding of Mrs. Thomas G. Winter as a member of the Armament Conference, which brought to the General
Federation of Women's Clubs the greatest recognition it has ever enjoyed.
The best way to characterize this unusual woman is to point to the strange blending in her of political training,
statesmanship and charm. In her, Florida offers her best to the General Federation, a combination of sound qualities
from a background of several states, the dominant essence and flavor being Florida's.

If Mrs. Jennings is elected President of the General Federation of Women's Clubs, in this honor conferred on her, will
be a recognition by the rest of the country of the loyal part the South has taken in Woman's work for women in the
United States.


MRS. JENNINGS' RECORD OF SERVICE

GENERAL FEDERATION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS:
1918-20 Florida Director, G. F. W. C., two years.
1920-24 First Vice President, G. F. W. C., Re-elected 1922-24, 4 years.
1918-24 Member Board of Directors, G. F. W. C., 6 years.
1920-24 Member Executive Committee, G. F. W. C., 4 years.
1920-22 General Federation of Women's Clubs Director of Home Economics Demonstration Extension Work, in co-operation with the
States Relation Service, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, organizing 39 states in 22 months. Leading publications designated this
as; "Most significant work of the hour." Slogan was: "A Home Demonstration Agent in every County."
1921- Presented the name of Mrs. Thomas G. Winter, President of the General Federation to President Warren G. Harding for
appointment as member of Armament Conference. Initiated and planned entire campaign, and carried it to a successful
conclusion.
1918- Moved to consolidate the Bureau of Information with the Service Office at Washington, as recommended by Mrs. Cowles,
President.
1920-24 Mrs. Jennings, Mrs. Schermerhorn, Chairman and Mrs. Burdette, named first committee to purchase Headquarters in Wash-
ington. With Mrs. Winter, ex-officio, assisted by Miss Hafford, present Director, selected the Headquarters, which was
ordered purchased by Board of Directors, 1921. The above are serving on larger committee with Mrs. Winter, Chairman.
1922-24 In charge with second Vice President, Mrs. Wallace T. Perham of campaign to complete $150,000.00 Fund for National Head-
quarters at Washington.
1923-24 Chairman Medical Loan Scholarship Fund.
1922-24 Represented General Federation as member of National Committee, working for the creation by Congress, of a Federal
Department of Education, with a Secretary in the President's Cabinet.
1923-24 Vice Chairman Woman's National Committee for Law Enforcement, and Chairman of the division of Nine Southeastern
States.
Member of State Presidents of 1916 Club.
Member of General Federation of Women's Clubs State Presidents Club.

FLORIDA FEDERATION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS:
1912-14 State Chairman Education.
1914-17 State President.
Procured Charter.
1915- Secured Royal Palm State Park (960 acres) through State Legislature; secured Endowment Land (960 acres); built
Park Lodge. In recognition of this service, the Park paths were named for Mrs. Jennings. Only park owned by a Fed-
eration and among the First State Parks established.








1921- Mrs. Jennings assisted in securing the Park appropriation of $2,500.00 per annum and 2080 acres additional from Legis-
lature.
1915- Founded State Federation Endowment Fund.
State Federation membership doubled during her administration.
1917 It was a direct result of Mrs. Jennings' work and report as President of the Florida Federation, to President Wilson, Secretary
of War, Baker, Secretary of Navy, Daniels and to the Governor of Florida, of the exceedingly undesirable and deplorable
moral condition surrounding the United States Air and Naval Stations, and Military Camps in Florida, that sanitary zones
were finally established, and maintained around same. This brought a warning from the Government of an intention to
remove the Military Camp from Jacksonville unless requirements demanded were met. This caused the calling of a wet
and dry election, which placed the largest county in the state in the prohibition column, assuring the submission of the
State Prohibition Constitutional Amendment, which later was ratified.
1917-19 State Chairman of Conversation. Besides directing the work usually included in this department, raised $600.00 with which
wool was bought and garments knitted by the Florida club women and given by the Federation to the United States
Naval Station at Key West to be distributed to the men on ships.
1914-19 Chairman, Florida Joint Committee, G. F. W. C., and N. E. A. School Patrons Dept., and Chairman N. E. A. School
Revenue Committee.

CLUB WORK:

First Club office, Secretary Whittier Club, Brooksville, Florida.
President Springfield Improvement Association, 1912-14; re-elected 1920. Revised Constitution and By-Laws; procured
Charter, later Chairman of Conversation, Finance and Legislation.
Organizing Chairman Duval County Federation of Women's Clubs and Jacksonville Federation of Mother's Clubs.
Assisted in organizing State League of Women Voters.
Member of Daniel Memorial Orphanage Association.
Member of Ladies Friday Musical, Jacksonville.
Member of Jacksonville Woman's Club 12 years. Chairman Legislation, Chairman Civics and Conservation.
1919-24 Member Executive Committee State Audubon Society.
1919-23 Director State Anti-Tuberculosis Association.
1921-24 Organized Duval County Law Enforcement League and served as President.
1922-24 Served as member of Executive Committee Citizens Memorial Committee, Inc., of Jacksonville, erecting monument to Marines,
Sailors and Soldiers, who made the supreme sacrifice in World War.
1922-23 Only woman member, Forum Committee, Jacksonville Chamber of Commerce.
1917-24 President 1914-17 State Club.
1921-23 Member Woman's Advisory Board, Georgia State Fair, Atlanta.
1922-24 Charter member and Director Florida State Historical Society.
1922- Charter member Florida Forestry Association.
1923-24 Charter Member Springfield Garden Circle.
1924- Charter Member Jacksonville Chapter National Aeronautic Association of U. S. A.
1923-24 Member American Legion Auxiliary.

YOUNG WOMAN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION:

Chairman Committee Coistitution and By-Laws organizing Y. W. C. A., Jacksonville. Secured Charter, served as member
Board of Directors four years.

DAUGHTERS AMERICAN REVOLUTION:

Served Katherine Livingston Chapter D. A. R., Vice Regent; State Chairman Old Trails Roads, and State Chairman
Library Committee.

LEGISLATIVE WORK:
1915-17 To no other one influence in Florida, is due more than to Mrs. Jennings for the following state legislation:
Rebuilding Boys' State Industrial School; establishing Girls' School and cottage plan for both; Constitutional Amendments
for school bonds; ten mill school tax; Prohibition; Compulsory Education; Good Roads Law; Federal Forestry State En-
abling Act.-1921.
1921-24 Organized the Florida Legislative Council, of six state organizations, with membership of more than twenty-five thousand,
and served as President, 1921-24.
1921-24 Chairman Legislation for State League of Women's Voters.

ACTS OF 1923 LEGISLATURE, Covered by Legislative Council Program, (Mrs. Jennings, President):

Children's Code Commission; Temperance and Health Day in Public Schools; Substituting Electrocution for Hanging as
Capital Punishment; State Wide Compulsory Dipping of Cattle for Tick Eradication; County Stock Laws; Acceptance
Sheppard-Towner Appropriation; Abolishment County Convict Lease System and corporal punishment, regulating punish-
ment administered to prisoners, requiring more stringent inspection of convicts, camps and jails; Regulating use of Flag;
Exempting Women's Club Houses and American Legion Headquarters from Taxation; Teaching in Public Schools the
Humane treatment of Animals and Nature Study of Bird Life; Constitutional Amendment for State Reapportionment.

FEDERAL LEGISLATION:

Worked for:
Federal Constitutional Amendments for Prohibition and Woman's Suffrage.
Sheppard-Towner Act.
Separate Citizenship for Women.
Advocated $2,000,000.00 additional appropriation for Home Economics Demonstration Extension Work.
Protection of Indian Claims on Government Reservations.

Opposed:
Granting Water Power privileges in National Parks.

WAR WORK:

First Chairman Florida Belgian Relief.
1917-18 Member Executive Committee; Chairman Utilization and Economy, State Food Commission and Council of Defense, appointed
by the Governor.
Organization Chairman Woman's Committee Council of Defense; Member Executive Committee, State Library War Council.
1918-19 Member Executive Committee National War Savings.
State Chairman Woman's Division Five Liberty Loans; Florida's 54 Counties, with less than a million population, had
100 percent organization with over 2,000 Women Chairmen, who sold, in practically last three drives, $17,140,897.00.
Women sold in one year over five million dollars in War Saving Stamps under Mrs. Jennings' direction.
Member Executive Committee United War Work; Armenian, Syrian Relief.
State Chairman Woman's Land Army.
1920-21 State Chairman Near East Relief.








MRS. JENNINGS' STAND ON THE MOST IMPORTANT
NATIONAL ISSUES

"Permanent World Peace is undoubtedly the paramount international issue. Our greatest mission as a nation is to
be the leading factor in the movement toward this end. That the organized women of the world should concentrate upon
this question until the ideal relationship of Nation with Nation be established and maintained.
Advocates the entrance of the United States into the World Court.
Recognizes law enforcement as all important, as the underlying principle upon which permanent peace is to be founded.
Favors international co-operation in the suppression of the use of narcotics and the opium traffic.

MRS. JENNINGS IS SUPPORTING:
The Bill to create a Federal Department of Education with a Secretary in the President's Cabinet.
The Child Labor Constitutional Amendment, which will give Congress the power to regulate and prohibit Child
Labor.
The Uniform Marriage and Divorce Amendment.
The bills establishing an Industrial School for Federal Women Prisoners; a Reformatory for Young Men, first
offenders; and development of adequate employment for every Federal Prisoner.
The placing of Prohibition Officers and Agents under Civil Service.
The McNary Bill, S. 1182. "To Provide for the protection of Forest Lands, for reforestation of denuded areas, for
the extension of National Forests, and for other purposes, in order to promote the continuous production of timber
on lands chiefly suitable therefore."
Creating a Government Reservation in the upper Mississippi Valley, on account of its great value to the conserva-
tion of wild life.
A movement for the purchase of Mammouth Cave of Kentucky by the Government as a National Park.
MUSCLE SHOALS: In June, 1922, during the Chautauqua Biennial, in Mrs. Jennings, final report as Director of
Home Economics Extension Work, she recommended the endorsement of the development of Muscle Shoals as vital
to the farming interest of the entire country. It was at her insistent urge that the resolution was finally presented and
unanimously adopted by the Convention. The present plan being worked out by Congress has her hearty support.
MRS. JENNINGS IS UNALTERABLY OPPOSED TO:
The Federal Constitutional Amendment, known as the "Blanket Amendment", reading: Men and women shall
have equal rights throughout the United States, and every place subject to its jurisdiction." It would either repeal
or make inoperative all special and Federal legislation for the protection of women and children, sponsored by women's
organizations covering a period of many years work, and would be of exceedingly doubtful benefit otherwise."
In the great crisis of the world's history, guides have appeared who, through a life time of special training and ex-
perience, have been prepared for the duties of leadership. In the solution of the tremendous national and international
problems which America faces today, the women of America must play an important role; and the womanhood of our
land will look for direction to the General Federation of Women's Clubs.
With an unusual talent for business and the handling of large affairs; with the ability to sense a situation and to think
things through quickly and clearly; with a forceful legal mind and the masterful grasp of a stateman added to broad
sympathetic and worldwide vision, Mrs. Jennings seems to be the woman of the hour, and to be peculiarly fitted, by en-
dowment and experience, to hold the important office, at this critical time, of President of the General Federation of
Women's Clubs.

MRS. WILLIAM F. BLACKMAN, President,
Florida Federation of Women's Clubs.

March, Nineteen hundred twenty-four. MRS. T. PICTON WARLOW, Corresponding Secretary,
ORLANDO, FLORIDA. Florida Federation. of Women's Clubs.














STnE FLORA BULLETIN






VOLUME III SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924 No. io


The Los Angeles Biennial Convention


A TRIBUTE
Beloved Florida Club Women:
No mode of expression seems to present itself by which I
can in the smallest degree convey the depth of my gratitude,
appreciation and love to you, for the presentation of my
name and the loyal support of my candidacy for the presi-
dency of the General Federation of Women's Clubs at the
Biennial Convention in Los Angeles.
Your hearts would have swelled with pride had it been
possible for you to have followed Florida's fifty-nine dele-
gates-your splendid and able representatives. They did
full credit to Florida, the State Federation, your candidate,
and themselves, under the magnificent leadership of our very
efficient, indefatigable and brilliant president-our Lady
Lucy, or the Duchess, as I love to call her. You know with-
out my telling you that she looked the part; she was by far
the most distinguished-looking woman on the platform at
all times, acquitting herself with grace and dignity and a
charm of personality unequalled. We were always proud of
her.
I was bursting with pride over our beloved delegation-
the gallant fifty-nine. It was said of them, even by our
opponents' supporters, that not a single unkind word in
regard to any candidate or her supporters was traceable to
them. Our campaign was entirely devoid of bitterness,
and at the close of the convention every act of our Florida
delegation might have been laid before the Convention with
credit to them and to you. I have been to many Biennials,
but it remained for Florida to conduct her campaign on the
highest plane, and to raise club politics to the highest, clean-
est standard that it has ever attained in the history of the
General Federation. We feel confident that those who come
after us, while emulating our example, will have to tip-toe,
as it were, to reach the standard we have set, as a no mean
contribution to the future elections of the General Federa-
tion.
We know the ethics of politics touching elections and
"played the game square." We sincerely hope that the price
which Florida paid by withdrawing from the race left a
lasting impression with the club women, which will maintain
the standard for candidates and their supporters for all time
to come; if so, ve will have reached the ideal of which we
often talk so lightly and freely, and Florida will feel in a
measure repaid.
We found the election pretty well fixed when we reached
California, and the neutrality promised an entirely differ-
ent variety from that produced in our climate; I would call
(Continued on page 11)


I, AS THE PRINCESS CANTACUZENE SEES US
he Princess Cantacuzene has contributed the best ob-
servations on the Biennial that we have seen, to the Septem-
ber issue of the Ladies' Home Journal. The Princess
Cantacuzene was one of the half dozen most noted and' most
admired women at the convention. Since she is.one of our
own Federation, being a member of the Sarasota Woman's
Club, it gives us peculiar pleasure to quote the following
from her article in the Ladies' Home Journal:
"The two vice-presidents occasionally relieved Mrs. Win-
ter in the chair, and it was interesting to note the differ-
ences between these three women. Both vice-presidents were
candidates for the first place, and there was a third candidate
for president in Mrs. .John D. Sherman, who was eventually
elected. The campaign was an interesting episode. of the
convention, a game of politics in feminine hands which seemed
well worth watching. All three women had done excellent
work, had fine characters and able minds, with splendid records
and attractive personalities; but they were totally different
one from the other.
V Mrs. Jennings, the first vice-president, dark haired and
gentlee, had a low voice and soft manner. She is the widow
of an ex-governor of Florida, and her state delegation stood
solidly behind her. She commanded also the loyal affection
of many other southern states. s. Perham, a civil engineer
in her own right and a partn r in her husband's firm, was
blond and massive, with an imposing personality, a delight-
ful smile and a deep voice. The complete devotion of her
state, Montana, was hers, and she commanded most of the
western votes. Mrs. Sherman, head of the department of
applied education, with its divisions of conservation, pub-
lic parks, and so on, had done admirable work; she came
from Colorado, and seemed equally popular with the northern
and eastern delegates. Smaller and more fragil in frame
than either of her opponents, she had an air of cosmopoli-
tanism.
The nominating committee could propose only two cani-
didates, according to the Federation's by-laws. A third nom-
inee could be put in the running by nomination from the
floor. When the report of the nominating :.-.-,mnttiee waq
read out from the platform the two candidates chosen were
Mrs. Sherman and Mrs. Perham. Florida's dl.I,-;atijon im-
mediately 'nominated its favorite daughter from the floor.
However, within fifteen minutes, the head of the Florida
delegation came to the platform to announce that the nom-
ination of Mrs. TJe.;lni', was withidri.n by the candidate's
own wish. .... ..... ... .
-.-.-- ."""' (Continued on page 12)


\ I








THE FLORIDA BULLETIN SEPTEMBER-OCTQEER, 1924


ALL ABOARD FOR LOS ANGELES!
Dr. Grace Whitford, Ozona
We started from Jacksonville on the night of May 25,
in our special coaches, that for eight days were to be home
to us, and arrived in Montgomery early the next morning.
Not too early, however, to be surprised by a delegation
from the Montgomery Federation of Women's Clubs, bear-
ing for each of us long-stemmed pink roses, each with a
heard saying, "A gesture of welcome from Montgomery, the
Rose City of the Southland."
When we went to our train in the evening, we found
delegations of club women from North Carolina and Ar-
kansas in their coaches, as part of our tour. We went out
of Montgomery sixty-six strong, I believe.
In New Orleans for breakfast. Here we were joined by
the Mississippi delegation, only two in number, but such a
delightful couple of young women, Mrs. Ralston, the state
president, and Mrs. Johns, a district vice-president. We
forgot that they were from Mississippi, for they became
part of the Florida delegation from the moment we saw them.
San Antonio was our next stop. A drive showed a truly
lovely city with wonderful parks and a charming Japanese
garden in one, made from an old rock pit (Floridians take
notice!)
En route to El Paso that night. A drive before break-
fast, viewing the city from a mountain road far above it,
raised the blood pressure of the timid and an appetite for
breakfast in all. The members of the Chamber of Commerce
took us driving over the city. Across the border into old
Mexico for a Mexican dinner in Juarez, with wonderful
Spanish music as we ate in a hall that looked like a set in
a "movie." It was "first communion" day in the old town
which was decorated for the fiesta. A stroll through the
large, picturesque public market, back to El Paso, to leave
for Albuquerque.
Here we were so fortunate as to be guests at the last ses-
sion of the National Good Roads Association annual meet-
ing. Members of the Chamber of Commerce drove us about
the city and they sent its band to wish us "bon voyage" that
evening. We reveled in old buildings, Indian villages, curio
shops, and many began here a wild orgy of bead-buying that
was to continue for thousands of miles!
In Albuquerque we began to encounter tours of club women
from other states. thousands of them!
On to Williams and from there to the Grand Canyon with
the rim drive at sunset. And let it be recorded that no one
tried to describe this "glory that is God!" Some stayed
behind at the El Tovar for the afternoon dance of the Hopis
in their village across from the hotel. We had an opportunity
to see some of the southwest Indians on the trip.
Up early for sunrise over the Canyon. Back to Williams
and on to Riverside, California, with a drive around the city
and its environs and to the Glenwood Mission Inn, our first
visualization of California. One cannot too highly praise
the industry and courage of those who have made the desert
to bloom nor the patient persistence of those who keep it
blooming.
On to Los Angeles, where the Alexandria was to be our
home for twelve days. Here our delegation was increased
to fifty-nine actual voting members.
After the convention we went to Santa Cruz by train with
some time at this resort on the sea on a lovely evening, leav-
ing again in time to reach the "Big Trees" Sunday morning.
(Continued on page 12)


FLOWERS ALONG THE WAY TO LOS ANGELES
Mrs. Katherine B. Tippetts, St. Petersburg
We had blossoms most of the way, beginning with the
fragrant welcome from the "Rose City of the Southland,"
Montgomery, where the Florida delegation was greeted most
graciously at the station by the club women with gifts of
exquisite roses.
The rural bit of color was given later during rides amid
fields which were rampant tides of wild flowers, the wild
primrose, Hartmannia Speciosa, predominating.
The "Blue Bonnets" of Texas were our next thrill. La-
belled Lupinus Texasis scientifically, they are also locally call-
ed Buffalo Clover. El Paso will long dwell on memory's
walls as the "Hollyhock Town." Through the concerted ef-
fort of the club women these colorful stalks shot up in nooks
and corners and glorified the back fences.
The Saltcedars. with their exquisite rosy racemes set in
delicate green, aided greatly in stamping Albuqglerqlc, New
Mexico, as beautiful.
From the car window, there on, travelling so fast that all
scenery looked beautiful. could be glimpsed the desert sages.
creosote bushes, cacti, buffalo grasses, and the mesquite with
its lacy form and rich color, beloved of the bees.
The stop at the Grand Canyon gave time to identify flow-
ers till then seen from afar-the Indian Paint Brush (Castel-
leja Augustifolia) making vivid splashes of crimson by arroya
or mesa and creating its own picture of the desert; the Fern
Bush (Chamaebotalaria Millefolium) pungent and decorative;
the gay Blanket Flower (Gillardia Pinnatifida) a joy to be-
holders, and the Cliff Rose (Cowanis Stansburiana) hugging
the Canyon's rim. The Desert Lily (Hesperocallis Un-
dulatus) near the Canyon, forms an important part of the
diet of the Hopi Indians. and is related to the edible camass,
a cousin of the onion.
The beautiful Mariposa Lily of flaming vermillion (Cal-
ochortus Kennedyi)lends color for miles to otherwise "God-
forsaken" sun-scorched wastes in Arizona. The Desert
Trumpet (Eriogonum Inflatum) was also found growing at
the canyon. Its inflated stalks swell upward from a cluster
of heart-shaped leaves, resembling a musical instrument and
the Indians eat it raw as pickles.
There is not space to name all the flowers found, much less
describe the thrills of their vivid appeal. For instance, in
California, who will ever forget the first sight of the chap-
parral Yucca, called "Our Lord's Candle?" Its huge panicle
of creamy, fragrant flowers forms a gleaming spike of fifteen
feet in height, visible for long distances when projected
against the dark background of the shaggy hills, and can be
considered one of the dramatic plants.
The Joshua Tree (Yucca Arborescens) the "old man of
the desert," belongs to the same class, with its grotesque
formation. It furnishes a straggling forest on hillside or
desert.
The checkered Mission Bells (Fritillaria Lanceolata,
Fritillaria being Middle-Age Latin for checker-board) adorn
the woodlands in vast numbers.
The showy Soap Plant (Cil. r. a.'i,,' Pomeridianum) has
played a conspicuous part in the human activities of Cali-
fornia. Its bottle-shaped bulb, hidden in a fibrous brown
jacket, was utilized for brushes by the aborigenes, who boiled
the thick juice down into glue and made poultices of its
bulbs, roasted. They also crushed the mature bulbs, rich
in saponin, and obtained a cleansing lather.
Space is up, the other wild flowers will form another story.


SEPTEMBFR-OCTOBER, 1924


THE FLORIDA BULLETIN







SEPrEMeER-OCTOBER, 1924 THE FLORIDA BULLETIN


STATE PRESIDENTS' EVENING
The subject which appeared upon the official program for
this event was, "The Greatest Asset of 'My State to Federa-
tion Work," and each officer was requested to confine her
three-minute talk to this one item. There was a further
admonition that "You present it to Youth, who will be
represented by one of our Junior Auxiliary girls accompany-
ing you, dressed as the official flower of your state."
At the meeting of state presidents in the afternoon, before
their eventful evening, it developed that most of them were
quite hazy as to what was expected of them. It was ex-
plained that "asset" must not be confused with accomplish-
ment; that the Federation referred to was the General
Federation, and that whether the "it" which was to be
presented to Youth was one's speech or something more in
keeping with the tastes of a young lady decked out as a
posey, was left to the imagination of the individual presi-
dent.
Florida's president solved the problem for herself by play-
ing safe to both possibilities, and addressed her remarks to
her Youth, beautifully arrayed as an Orange Blossom, and
then presented her with a five-pound box of candy as the
universal symbol of Youth and the youthful spirit, which
she claimed as the greatest asset of her state in Federation
work. Mrs. Blackman said, "Beautiful blossom of the
golden orange, they ask me to tell you what is the greatest
asset which the daughter from Florida brings to the Mother
Federation. Listen: Once upon a time a splendid Spanish
nobleman sailed away in his gorgeous galleons from his
native shores in quest of the Fountain of Perpetual Youth.
After many days he came to a land all lovely and fragrant
and alluring, with the bluest skies and shiniest sun-shine
he had ever seen-and he called the land Florida.
Although Ponce de Leon had not found the fountain of ever-
lasting youth, he had come to the land where the vigor of
youth lingers longest in the earthly temple, and where the
full, vibrant, enthusiastic youthfulness of the spirit never
ages!
It is this spirit of joyous, undaunted courage which is the
outstanding characteristic of the Florida Federation, and
in which it approaches its problems and faces its most
serious work.
Surely such an attitude toward life and work in one of
her daughters must be an asset of value to the great Mother
of us all, especially when it comes to her freighted with
pride in the Mother's wonderful accomplishments, with loy-
alty to her great aims and with devotion to her high ideals."




FURCHGOTT'S
JACKSONVILLE

Florida's

I I Best
SMail
Order
Service
-


BIENNIAL NOTES
We believe that few women have ever given a more splen-
did exhibition of intellectual grasp and physical strength
and endurance than did Mrs. Winter in the ten days during
which she presided over that vast throng of wide awake and
eager thinking women at Los Angeles.
Never for an instant did she hesitate in meeting a situation
or lose her complete dominence over the convention. The
strain upon her voice alone was immense, but her words
were as clear and distinct at the close as at the opening of
the convention. She saw the tiniest woman who rose in
the farthest corner of the highest gallery, and she heard
her faint pipings as well, something no one else could do.
The program went along like clock-work. She spoke at
several luncheons every day and hastened from dinner to
banquet in the evenings, and it was always an appropriate
and worth-while word. These things were before the cur-
tain and one could only guess at the multitude of details that
must be hers behind the scenes. It was a gruelling ten
days performance, met in a superb and masterful manner.

Our State president put in full time. She met the Florida
delegation every morning at 8:30 o'clock in their conference
room at the Alexandria and hastened to the daily meeting
of the Board of Directors of the General Federation at 9
o'clock; the morning sessions began at 9:30. Besides the
three sessions of the convention, our madam President was
found every noon at a special luncheon, and each evening
at a dinner or banquet. She represented the state on Presi-
dents' Evening, reported at the Directors' Session and was
a member of the nominating committee. The conferences
pertaining to the election and the distribution of our Flor-
ida literature were, naturally, without limit. Among the
social events enjoyed by Mrs. Blackman were the dinner for
Mrs. Winter's official family, which included the Board of
Directors, and at which the Alice Ames Winter Club was
formed; the dinner given by the California local Biennial
Board to the General Federation Board of Directors; state
Presidents' supper; Board of Directors luncheon; breakfast
for the nominating committee; Massachusett's state dinner;
International Relations' dinner; Press and Publicity, Educa-
tion, Music, American Citizenship and several other Depart-
ment luncheons; receptions to Mrs. Winter, Mrs. Sherman,
Mrs. Perham, Mrs. Alvord and the beautiful fiesta, typical
of the early days of California at the Ebell Club. Then there
was our own delightful banquet and the afternoon reception
to honor the first vice-president, Mrs. Jennings, at which
Mrs. Blackman received the guests, and presented them to
%rIs. Jennings.

r --


Established 1870 Phone 6278

J. GUMBINGER CO.


OPTOMETRISTS .S and OPTICIANS


DR. S. P. HILL, Prop.


EYES EXAMINED
ii Laura Street


GLASSES FITTED
Jacksonville, Fla.


~-------------~---~


SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 19:24


THE FLORIDA BULLETIN


i








THE FLORIDA BULLETIN SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924


DIDN'T YOU HEAR US?
Mrs. Jack Pryor, Haines City
Way down South in the land of flowers,
Orange groves and flame-vine bowers,
Look to May, look to May, look to May, look to May,
She's an honor to her State and Nation
And the General Federation.
Look to May, think of May, bank on May, vote for May.

May Jennings, she's a wonder,
Hooray, Hooray,
We'll vote for her, like thunder,
And we know we'll make no blunder,
Hooray for May, Hooray for May,
May Jennings from old Dixie.

Two, four, six, eight,
Whom do we appreciate?
Blackman! Blackman!

These are samples of the many songs and calls composed
for the occasion, which the delegation made constant and
vociferous use of as it sang its way across the continent and
back again. The evening song service in the "Presidential
Car" going to Los Angeles, when the delegates from several
Pullmans packed themselves into one car for an hour of song
and stunts, truly beggars description.
When met in Los Angeles by the local club women, they had
no trouble placing us, for we greeted them singing, "We are
the Jennings crowd."
On the convention floor, we had to be quick to give them,
or some other states, enthusiastic for their candidates, would
get in ahead. Our "Dixie" and "Suwannee River" were always
received with applause, the delegate body usually joining with
us. It was amusing to see the consternation among some
forces on state Presidents' night, when "Suwannee River"
was first sung and the entire audience joined in, something
that did not happen to any other song.,
Florida felt the need of a good state song using the name
Florida. Oklahoma, Iowa and Missouri had splendid state
songs.
The night before nominations, we stormed the Biltmore
Hotel, doing a serpentine dance, winding ourselves in arnd
out among the club women of our nation, telling them in
songs and calls of our fair state that "May Jennings is
a wonder, Hooray."
Mrs. Hampton of Ocala sang as a solo the verse part of
the keynote song of the campaign, "Should Worth and Merit
be Unsung," the rest of us joining most heartily on, "May
Jennings then for President."
With two such women as Mrs. Jennings and Mrs. Black-
man representing us, the Florida delegation could not be
silent. We wanted the whole convention to know they be-
longed to us. We would rise up in the pride of our posses-
sions and enthusiastically sing their praises, even though
Mrs. Winter's gavel threatened to fall.
It was a conceded fact that Mrs. Blackman was the hand-
somest and most distinguished of all the state presidents
present, and that Mrs. Jennings proved herself in more
ways than one "the big woman of the convention." Wouldn't
you have been happy to have sung, too, if you had been
there?


THE ELECTION
Mrs. M. M. Burton, St. Petersburg
The election of officers of the General Federation of Wom-
en's Clubs was conducted in a very efficient manner. Each
state was represented upon the Board of Elections, such
representatives being appointed by the state Presidents.
These appointees, with Mrs. David L. Murray of Pasadena,
General Chairman of Elections since 1910, constituted the
Board. In one of the rooms in the Auditorium were arranged
the regulation voting booths, loaned by the city of Los An-
geles, for this occasion.
In the adjoining room, eight tables were arranged. Over
each table was a placard bearing the name of a state; no
representative was allowed to sit at her own state table. I
was assigned to the position of Inspector of Election, a
delegate from Pennsylvania being the other Inspector. The
Judge of Election at our table was from Illinois. The polls
opened at eight o'clock in the morning. Those at the tables
were directed not to hold conversation with any person other
than the ones at her own table. The polls were declared
closed at four o'clock in the afternoon, and we were permitted
to move about.
A light lunch had been served us af eleven o'clock, and
at four-thirty a substantial luncheon was served us at our
tables, thus obviating the necessity of leaving the room. As
quickly as possible after eating we were provided with tally-
sheets, and the work of counting the vote at each of the
eight tables were earnestly taken up, everyone working at
top speed. Shortly after nine the count was completed, and
we left the Auditorium in a body, subject to the call of the
Chairman, having previously been cautioned not to discuss
the result of the vote with each other, thus making it im-
possible for the members of the election board to form a
definite opinion of the results. The returns were to be an-
nounced from the platform the next morning at ten o'clock.
Yet in spite of all this secrecy, the returns, fairly ac-
curate, appeared in the early morning papers.


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MRS. J. A. McKEE


CORSETERIE

Lingerie and Negligies

12 N. Duval St. .. Telephone 5436

Jacksonville, Florida


THE FLORIDA BULLETIN


SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924







Sar'rnMaaa-OcroBxa, 1924 THE FLORIDA BULLETIN


OUR COLORADO SPRINGS DAY
Mrs. E. C. Brown, DeLand
Mid-afternoon, June 24, we reached Colorado Springs.
Here we were pleased to greet our president, Mrs. Black-
man, who had preceded us some days and while getting a
bit of rest had been renewing a former friendship, while the
rest of us had been enjoying the Yellowstone Park trip. We
found cars waiting to take us for our sight-seeing trip. We
visited first Colorado's most famous watering-place, Manitou
Mineral Springs, named after the Indian deity Manitou. Here
the medicine men of years agone directed the disabled war-
riors to the healing waters; today physicians and scientists
tell of their medicinal properties and the benefits to be
derived from their use.
Some of the party partook of the water and visited the
souvenir, art and pottery shops, or were entertained by
'"Chief Manitou" who sang, danced and sold his picture post-
cards. We were taken through beautiful Williams Canyon.
Temple Drive leads through the rugged rocks of the canyon
and always in winding ascent, until we reach the Cave of
the Winds. Here we were placed in the care of guides who
told us the story of the discovery of this cave by some boys,
and how later more rooms and chambers had been discovered
leading out from the original, making a series of rooms con-
nected by narrow passages, decorated by nature in beautiful
colors and furnished by formations of stalactites and stalag-
mites resembling soires. altars, thrones, etc.. a. trin sair to


Forget-me-not,) of which we were presented a sprig by our
conductor. Here the air grew so cold that all windows were
closed and extra wraps brought into use. The ascent is
more marked, the view broadens, and our engine halts, we
have reached the summit. Most of us feel awed into silence
by the sublime spectacle spread before us, the grandeur of
the sunset-hour, the purple shadows deepening, stretches of
endless plains, far to the west other snow-capped peaks,
beneath us the Bottomless Pit, the Abyss of Desolation, and
great rents where the sun never finds its way and the snows
of centuries lie; through a strong glass Denver, eighty miles
away, can be recognized. The altitude is 14,109 feet and the
mercury stands at forty degrees, while at Colorado Springs,
but fourteen miles away, the temperature is eighty-two.
To describe the magnificence and sublimity of the scene is
impossible; silently we turned away and again responded to
the "All Aboard" and were soon creeping down the mountain
side through the shadows of night, relieved by the singing
of patriotic and folk songs. After dining at Manitou we
returned to Colorado Springs, tired enough to enjoy the
night's rest.
The following morning was spent in rides to Cheyenne
Mountain, Broadmoor, the parks, and seeing the town-a city
of broad boulevards and substantial buildings, essentially a
city of homes. An air of friendliness pervades the at-
mosphere; it would seem an ideal place in which to spend a
vacation.


be a mile long. We were glad to emerge into the open air (/ AS "HE" VIEWS US
where we again took autos for the return trip over the / Wetake the privilege of publishing extracts from a letter
Canyon Rim road, descending Agate Mountain where eight coming from Hollywood, California, to the Madam Presi-
elevations of the road are seen one above the other; farther dent:
down through Ute Pass; later passing the Big Chief bubbling When a delegation, with one of its very own members as
iron spring; back to Manitou; then on to the Garden of the candidate for the highest possible office, travels many miles
Gods. The roadway enters through a gateway of two gigantic to the point of convention and succeeds in electing its can-
didate to office that delegation deserves congratulations.
rocks of red sandstone. As we wind round we are constantly When a delegation has its candidate defeated that dele-
confronted by marvelous rocks of every conceivable size and nation deserves sympathy.
shape, many of them named because of their striking like- AAt the 1924 convention of Women's Clubs held in Los An-
ness to people or objects. Again we are whirled away, and geles, California, last month a certain state delegation over
three thousand miles from home learned that its candidate for
our next stop is the station of the cog railroad. All day we president of the General Federation had withdrawn her
had been climbing and at various altitudes, ranging from name from the ballot. The candidate did this in order to
6,000 to 7,000 feet. We confess we approached the crowning promote a harmonious election. Her state delegation con-
event of the day, the ascent of Pike's Peak, with some tinued to go about its duty of voting for one of the two re-
maining candidates. And every delegate voted with a smile.
trepidation, for several times we had noticed a shortness of It was not a smile of triumph. It was not a smile of defeat.
breath and some peculiar little quakings inside our anatomy, It was a smile of sacrifice to a cause. There was no talk
but we had been assured that it was "all right." Our party of bolting the convention. No talk of creating a new organ-
of forty-four, mainly Floridians, were soon "All Abroad," ization. No talk of resigning. But there was much sincere
Stalk in reference to carrying out the future work of the or-
and with a few snorts, jerks and a whistle from our sturdy ganization under the leadership of the newly elected president.
locomotive we were off, bound for the summit of this moun- That delegation and its original candidate deserve the high-
tain, familiar by our early studies of geography, history est possible reward from each and every club woman in the
and traditions of song and story, and of which we had been United States-praise for loyalty.
The state delegation I refer to was from Florida.
catching glimpses for days. h-he candidate I refer to was Mrs. W. S. Jennings.
At the start we were especially interested in our manner I want to thank you, Mrs. Blackman, for the privilege of
of travel but we adapted 'ourselves to this, and soon be- being present, as your guest, at the dinner given by the Flor-
came absorbed in our surroundings. Passing through Engle- ida delegation at the close of the convention. As a member of
several lodges and clubs I wish to state that never before
man's Glen, we became aware that we were climbing, on the have I witnessed a scene of such sincere loyalty to an organi-
one side a deep ravine, on the other the wall of the canyon, zation, to an equally loyal ex-candidate, to just as loyal
gigantic rocks, massed in irregular confusion. There are fre- a state president and, I am forced to add, to the "south-
quent breaks in the chasm and park-like vistas open up. At an easternest" state in the Union. How those "cracker ladies"
altitude of 10,000 feet a printing office is perched on the I don't know just when Mrs. obrt and I will return to
mountain side where is printed the Pike's Peak Daily. Soon Daytona but one of our first pleasure trips in Florida will
the trees and plants become dwarfed and at 11,500 feet dis- be to take the little sixty-mile journey to your home.
appear altogether, though some low flowering plants, pos- In closing let me say that this Florida cracker is proud of
sibly a dozen varieties, still persist, the most attractive be- being affiliated with the Federation of Women's Clubs-even
ing the brilliant blue Eritrichiun Argenteum (Pike's Peak Sincerely Doty Hobart.


SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924


THE FLORIDA BULLETIN








THE FLORIDA BULLETIN S.zrrEMaga-OcroaaR, 2924


The Florida Bulletin

Official Organ of the Florida Federation of Women's Clubs
Published monthly at Printery Park, DeLand, Florida, and
Federation Headquarters, Soresis House, Orlando, Florida
Copyright 1522, by Florida Federation of Women's Clubs
I Price 25 cents per year
Representing 210 Clubs and 14,000 Club Women
Mrs. Ernest M. Galloway, Chairman Press and Publicity,
Sanford, Florida -------------------------------------Editor
Mrs. Walter L. Morgan. Sanford, Florida ---Business Manager
Mrs. William E. Watson, Sanford, Florida ------- Associate Editor
Advertising Rates Upon Application
Entered as second class matter at the post office at DeLand,
Florida
Department of Press and Publicity, Florida Federation
of Women's Clubs-Mrs. Ernest M. Galloway, Sanford, Flor-
ida, Chairman, and Editor of Bulletin.
Federation Pages, Mrs. Agnes Adams, Chairman, Inter-
bay, Tampa, Florida.

SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924

BY WAY OF SALUTATION
To My Dear Co-Workers and Valued Friends:
I salute you at the opening of a new club year and I
wish you success in your undertakings together, and felicity in
the paths that lead out through the year before each one
of us. May we, singly and together, have the inspiration of
a great objective and a worth-while goal.
The most impressive thing at the Biennial Convention in
June was the fact of the great convention itself. That seven
or eight thousand women, nearly three thousand of them
officers and delegates, should travel thousands of miles and
spend many thousands of dollars in order to confer together
upon the best way to meet the tremendous obligations that
today are upon the women of America, and to take counsel
as to a sane state of mind toward many bewildering problems
-this was the most impressive, the most inspiring and hope-
ful, note of the great event. This gathering, standing for
three millions of our thinking women, was a prime en-
couragement for the things of good report in our midst, and
an alarm and warning to the evil therein.
Of this great influence, the Florida Federation of Women's
Clubs is a part, and every woman in our clubs is an important
factor.
Shall we not come together at our annual meeting in
November with a determination to find the best ways in
which we may use our woman power for the upbuilding of our
glorious state and for its moral and spiritual uplift? And
finding, shall we not return to our homes to labor with re-
newed zeal, remembering that what we do, especially for our
Iouth, must be done quickly, for the night threatens.
May the year before us be dedicated to service for others
and to a close watchfulness over ourselves.
Most cordially yours,
Lucy Worthington Blackman.

The Editor pro tern has received imperative orders to keep
her blue pencil away from certain lines in this issue referring


to the state president. After all, was it not the mother
crow who bragged that her offspring was the whitest baby
at the convention? Or was it a scare-crow?
This number of the Bulletin is issued without the careful
supervision of its Editor, Mrs. Ernest M. Galloway, who is
still too ill to assume even consulting duties. From her re-
treat in the North Carolina mountains comes the cheering
word that she suffers less pain, and is better. She is our
well beloved and much admired Laura Galloway, and every
club woman whispers a prayer for her speedy return to
health.
The Bulletin staff is further broken in upon, by the neces-
sity of a second operation upon the eye of Mrs. Walter L.
Morgan, the business manager. Mrs. Morgan underwent an
operation last spring for cataracts on both eyes, a very
unusual thing in a young woman, and one eye requires another
operation. It will be some time before she will be able to
use her eyes. Our profound sympathy goes to our capable
and careful co-worker.
Mrs. Blackman, the state president, is responsible for this
issue and she will assume the duties of Editor and manager
of the Bulletin until the annual meeting. The delay in is-
suing a Bulletin has not been due to this change in man-
agement, but to the distressing lack of dollars in the Bulletin
fund. It has been necessary to get enough advertisements
to pay the printer's bill. Look carefully over the ads. and you
will see that this is largely a Jacksonville number, and it
is not difficult to guess who the friend in need was who
corraled these splendid paying pages for us. You will find
that several of these advertising friends have come to spena
several months with us, and one at least, a full year. Be
on the lookout for them, and commend them to your neigh-
bors.
A plan for securing advertisements for the Bulletin which
will make possible a sixteen page edition every month, will
be recommended to the Federation at the annual meeting.
The next number of the Bulletin will be issued November
1, and will contain details of the annual meeting to be held
in Orlando, November 18-21, and also suggestions from chair-
men of departments and divisions.

The Bulletin does not attempt to cover the Biennial Con-
vention. Much has already appeared in the public press and
current magazines regarding it, and the full printed pro-
ceedings will soon be in the possession of every club in the
state. We present certain intimate accounts of the doings
of the delegation, a sort of afternoon visit with "you-all."
At the annual meeting in November a much more com-
prehensive story of the great event will be given through
the reports of the president-director, officers of the state Fed-.
eration, and delegates appointed to observe special features.

We rejoice that Miss Skinner put aside her many activities
and went forth for a real vacation among the glories of the
Yellowstone and Glacier National Parks, where, with a
congenial party, she has been hiking for a month. "Our
Elizabeth" has given unsparingly of herself to the work of
the Federation and to public service in the state for a long
period, and she will take up with refreshed energy the work
of the Children's Code Commission upon her return. In
this she will have the loyal support and sympathy of the State
Federation.


SEPTFMDER-OCTOBER, 1924


THE FLORIDA BliLLETIN






SEPT.EMBER-OCTOanR, 1924 THE FLORIDA BULLET I N


THE GENERAL FEDERATION PRESIDENT
The Florida Federation pledges its utmost loyalty to Mrs.
John D. Sherman our new chief. Her fine mind, broad
sympathies, wide and varied experiences, and quiet dignity
well qualify her for the high office to which she has been
called. Not aggressive or dominating or picturesque, "Mary
Sherman" is the steady, careful, safe and sane leader in
whom we may well put our trust, and who will command
our admiration and affection long. before her term of office
expires.-L. W. B.
ROYAL PALM STATE PARK
The July issue of the Ladies' Home Journal contains a de-
lightful article from Mrs. Winter on "The Land God Gave
Us," in which she tells of the fine conservation work being
done by the wometi's clubs in Florida on behalf of Paradise
Key-a part of our wonderful Park. She gives a short
history of the Park and of its acquisition by the Federation,
and speaks most appreciatively of Mrs. Kirk Munroe and Mrs.
W. S. Jennings and their efforts on behalf of its preserva-
tion, and does not forget the "most devoted and interesting
of wardens."
At the Division of Conservation of Natural Resources
luncheon given at the Biltmore on Conservation Day, and
presided over by Mrs. Francis E. Whitely, our chairman of
State Beautification, Mrs. Jack Pryor, was invited to speak
for three minutes on the Royal Palm State Park. Mrs.
Pryor placed one of the attractive Park folders at each place,
and presented a fine medal to the presiding officer and the
other speakers, including Mrs. Sherman, then Chairman of


Conservation of the General Federation, now its honored
president. Being the only State Park in the country owned
and controlled by a group of women, Mrs. Pryor naturally
had a unique subject, and, as always, she did the proper
thing in the most approved fashion.
There has been leased for the raising of tomatoes this
season, two hundred acres of Park land at $5.00 per acre,
which adds a snug sum to the Park income. It will make
possible some repairs and needed improvements on thle
Lodge.
Warden and Mrs. Wheelock are enjoying a well earned
vacation with friends in the North.
There were 10,500 visitors to the Park between November
I, 1923 and April I, 1924. We congratulate every one of
them!
The newly installed engine and pump presented to the Fed-
eration by the Fairbanks-Morse Company for the Park
Lodge is doing fine service.

"The Garden Year in Southern Florida" is an art calendar,
eight by fifteen inches in size, written and issued by Mrs.
Henry Wight, president of the Sanford Woman's Club, and
one of the first authorities on flowers and gardening in our
state.
It is the hope of the Woman's Club of Sanford, which has
the calendar for sale, that it may prove of immediate value,
as the season for the making of a garden properly begins late
in September in Florida. The price of the calendar is one
dollar; ten cents extra for postage.


Qreenleaf & Crosby Co.
41 LU. Bay Street

Jacksonville Florida.


Diamonds

Jewelry

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receive


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I jIl


SEPT-EMBER-OCTOBER, 1924 ,


THE FLORIDA BULLETIN







THE FLORIDA BULLETIN SEPTEMaER-OCTOBER, 1924


MY TRIP TO "MOVIE LAND"
Mrs. H. M. Hampton, Ocala
While in Los Angeles it was my privilege to go with a
S party of club women through some of the studios, and visit
the stages where actual filming was in progress. We first
visited the studios of Hal Roach. Mr. Roach had arranged
everything possible for our entertainment. We visited sev-
eral groups making pictures. Among them was "Our Gang"
comedies, which is an all-child cast. I met each of them
personally, and they were very attractive. Each child has
its mother or guardian with it, and they have certain hours
for study, work and recreation.
Another group, and one that pleases wherever they ap-
pear on the screen, is that of "The Spat Family" in their
laughable comedies. We met them also, and found each or
them to have a charming personality.
We saw some of the wonderful horses and dogs of the
screen that we all love. It was at this Studio that we were
served a beautifully appointed luncheon, with Mr. Roach at
the head of the table, and the movie stars serving. After
luncheon Mr. Roach had a picture made of the party, and
mailed each club woman present one as a souvenir.
We next visited the United Studios, and were given a
guide and an itinerary of the trip. At the top of the paper
was "First National Pictures, Inc. welcomes the delegates
of the American Federation of Women's Clubs, with the
thought that every undertaking is consecrated to a higher
purpose by the influence of American womanhood, and that
the endorsement of First National Pictures by this dis-
tinguished group is a boon worthy of the sincerest effort to
achieve constructive artistry in motion pictures; signed, John
McCormick, Western Representative, First National Pic-
tures."
The next on the itinerary was an invitation from the fol-
lowing gentlemen; Mr. Earl Hudson, in charge of First Na-
tional Productions; Mr. Joseph M. Schneck, President of the
Norma and Constance Talmadge Productions, and Mr. Sam-
uel Goldwyn, who gave us an invitation to visit the stages
where their units were at work. In that way we saw many
of the stars. I will just mention a few of them; Corine Grif-
fith, Milton Sills, Coleen Moore, Conway Tearle, Norma
Talmadge, Eugene O'Brien, Bessie Love, Lewis Stone and
many others.
We visited the warehouse where you may find the thou-
sands of small articles used to "dress the sets." These articles,
from a needle to an anchor, are known as "hand props,"
since they are small enough to be carried by hand. We also
saw the remarkable collection of furniture of every historical
period. In this collection are many antiques of historical
value; it is inventoried at $400,000.
I suppose most of us have an idea that the flowers we see
on the screen are artificial, but that is not true, for they
have green houses right there where the flowers are grown
to order, to comply with the theme of the various stories.
Another interesting place was the "Staff Shop" where artists
and sculptors are employed to fashion the intricate and
artistic friezes used in decorating the sets, and the repro-
duction of famous statuary. We were then escorted to
where we had a view of the different street scenes, one a
New York street, then a scene in London, a suggestion of
India, a village on the Cornwall Coast, a. flash of a French
street, a trip through the 'Algerian Slave Market, and many
other places of interest.


We visited the tank where bathing scenes are occasional-
ly made, and where captive marine life is studied and re-
corded by cameras, by the use of diving bells.
It was also my privilege to attend the "American Citizen-
ship Luncheon" where four of the prominent speakers were
movie stars, Lois Wilson, Mrs. Wallace Reid, Charles Ray
and Ernest Torrence. Each gave a most interesting talk.
Miss Wilson said, "So many people have an idea that we
movie stars have nothing to do but drive around in our
limousines and have a good time, but that is a mistaken
idea, for we are just like your boys and girls, out trying to
make an honest living, and we need and appreciate the co-
operation of you club women of the world."
Since my return home, I received a letter from Mr. Will
Hays, President of Motion Picture Producers and Distributors
of America, in which he spoke of how pleased he was that
some of the club women had visited the studios, and he
said, "besides the things you saw, I want you to be assured
.always of the earnest endeavor which is being made by the
leaders of the industry continually to improve the quality
of the pictures."
I hope that each club woman, if she is not already deep-
ly interested in this "new art", for it is an art, will become
so, and let us co-operate with the producers, so we may have
better pictures.

PERMANENT HOLIDAY TREES
Mrs. Doty Hobart, Daytona
It was gratifying to note, among the many valuable
thoughts brought out at the 1924 Biennial in Los Angeles,
that one which received decided attention and led to much
instructive discussion pertained to tree-planting and forest
conservation. An impression received in reference to the
conservation of evergreen trees is hereby passed on as a sug-
gestion which should be worthy of consideration by the wom-
en's clubs of our own State.
Each year, as we all know, thousands of young 'evergreen
trees are cut down for municipal, society and family use as
Christmas trees. These trees are killed-rather are they
murdered-because an age-old custom has so decreed.
Is this necessary in Florida?
Why cannot the municipal tree be a sturdy, live evergreen,
a part of the town or city for 365 days out of the year in-
stead of just "over the holidays?"
Why cannot the school, church, lodge or club tree be a
permanent adornment to the property on which it is planted?
Why cannot most Florida homes have their Christmas
trees growing somewhere in their yards?
The answer is-they can.
And how much more generous will be the spreading of
good-will if these lighted messengers of Christmas cheer be
where all who pass may see than when hidden away within
four walls for a selected few.
One more question; would this permanent holiday tree
object to being used as a living candelabrum of red, white
and blue electric lights on the evening of our Nation's In-
dependence Day?

Go to
CHAS. MARVIN CO., 21 West Bay
for
Hauan & Son and other standard makes of new
Fall patterns.


THE FLORIDA BULLETIN


SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924






THE FLORIDA BULLETIN


IMPRESSIONS OF THE CONVENTION
Mrs. Meade A. Love, Quincy
Having always enjoyed the Florida Federation meetings,
I was very glad that I had the privilege of attending one of
these great meetings when our own state had a candidate for
an office. There was a thrill about the election Biennial that
does not come from the years when there is no election, but
one would probably get more inspiration and help for the
regular club work when there was not so much enthusiasm
put into the election campaigns. We had loads of fun plan-
ning the yells and songs for our candidate as we made the
trip out to Los Angeles, and whether the outsiders did or not,
we enjoyed sitting on the observation platfrom of the train
and singing our Florida songs. And then our orange ear-
rings; they were great, even if an El Paso club woman did
wonder why so many otherwise well dressed women should
be wearing those cheap looking- ear-bobs, but when informed
as to the intent of those orange balls she agreed that they
were "cute."
Never in my life have I seen anything more lovely than
the scene in the Los Angeles Auditorium when the Biennial
Convention opened with that procession of women who took
their places on the platform, with those gorgeous flowers
amid the other beautiful decorations, and the Florida dele-
gation were proud of their representatives as they sat in
front and looked so distinguished and handsome-surely all
club women know that our members of the General Federa-
tion Board on that occasion were Mrs. W. S. Jennings and
Mrs. W. F. Blackman.
Well, we did not elect our candidate, but I do believe that
Airs. Jennings, Mrs. Blackman and Florida had more popular-
ity by the action that was taken, than if the race had gone
on with three candidates. One of the joys of the convention
to my mind was the singing of the state delegations, from all
parts of the great auditorium. I wondered as I watched
those thousands of women and realized the influence they
could have in the world, if we gave much real thought and
investigation to the big questions that came up for our en-
dorsement. We recommended policies that were advocated
by the chairmen of the departments, yet upon investigation
into the far-reaching effects of some of those resolutions
many of the women would have voted differently. It seems
hard to stand up and give expression to one's difference of
opinion in a great crowd; I hope our Florida women will feel
more at liberty to discuss matters freely in our own con-
ventions.
The one big impression that every delegate to the National
Conventions must get, is the oneness of our country, even in
its distances. It was inspiring to see all those women from
states that have such different material interests come to-
gether to try to work out ways for best handling the questions
that relate to all of us, education, child welfare, health,
citizenship, and so on, and all having that friendly feeling
that they are all loyal to home, children and country.
The big task as I see it is now, is to get every man, woman
and child to realize that they are a vital part in the program
of "carrying on" for America. No matter if they are never
heard from, they can help by their one vote, by their indivi-
dual effort, by obeying the laws in every case whether con-
venient or not, and by keeping themselves as fit as possible
physically, morally, and mentally for the benefit of this won-
derful America of ours.
A great gathering like that Biennial Convention does all of
us good by tl,.- very fact of arousing in is a greater love of


our country. And after all, this is brought about by per-
sonal contact with other individuals who make up the nation;
the friendships formed, the songs sung together, and the
laughs enjoyed together, all make us feel like one big family.
I am glad I went to the convention at Los Angeles, and I
will never forget the good times we had going and returning
with the Florida, North Carolina, Arkansas and Mississippi
women.
I hope we will have a good attendance at our next Flor-
ida Federation Convention in Orlando in November, and that
all of our Biennial delegation will be there so that we can
enjoy talking over many of the happenings of the trip.
And I hope some one will tell about the cherries we ate, but
not how many!


FURTHER IMPRESSIONS
Many types of women met in this 1924 Federation.
For the most part they were of the kind that spell power,
who get things done in their own communities and are eager
to be part of the great force in the greater communities, the
true wife and mother type who go steadily on working for the
general good with a never-swerving purpose.
This was my first Federation meeting since the one held
in Chicago in 1914 and the change in the methods as well
as in the delegate body was quite marked. We have grown
up since then, we are of age and can vote; we know and others
know that we aie of more importance in the world. There
was much business but it was handled in a businesslike way
and was never tedious.
The programs were all interesting, some intensely so. One
evening's program appears just now as one of the high
lights. Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt gave the lecture of the
evening, and her subject was as usual some phase of the
peace question. Strangely the only sentence in the whole
ten-days session I could quote was this, "The freedom ac-
corded women in this generation has lowered the waistline,
lifted the skyline and lengthened the lifeline." Now you all
know that that was the important part of her lecture as it had
nothing at all to do with peace.
The memorial service held Sunday afternoon was most
impressive. It was held in one of Nature's great auditoriums,
the Hollywood Bowl, with the blue sky for a ceiling and
mountains for the sidewalls. Every word that was said and
every note that was sung seemed to reach the hearts of the
twelve thousand listeners who had assembled to honor those
who had left us since last we met.
It seems to me that the most effective work of the con-
vention was done by the resolutions committee. Every
morning their report was read and truly there seemed to be
a resolution to stand by every good movement and to fight
every bad one in our whole wide country. There were
resolutions for measures to conserve the trees, plant more,
and to educate the children to love them. There was a
resolution tending toward better laws governing affairs of
women and children; a resolution to strengthen the enforce-
ment of the eighteenth amendment, and if anyone had any
doubt of the stand the General Federation would take on
that subject, she should have stood, as our president did,
while representatives from one state after another asked
for recognition from the chair so that her state might go
on record as seconding the motion to adopt that resolution.
Yes, there were resolutions concerning every thing of
moment everywhere and it does seem true that our Gen-


SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924








I0 THE FLORIDA BULLETIN SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924


eral Federation with ramifications in every ,hamlet and
country place has constituted itself a great watchdog for the
nation. It has a friendly yelp and wag for each kind friend,
but the enemies that prey upon our institutions have learned
that there is a real bite behind the growl of warning.
Representatives from our outlying possessions formed a
very interesting group who often took part in the discus-
sions.
It is no small task to eare for so large a convention, but the
California women know how it is done. They were so
thoroughly organized and so everlastingly on their job that
one had to willfully ignore their offers of help if she was
not cared for. I lost a pair of gloves one morning, and know-
ing how many articles of all kinds must be lost by seven
thousand women, supposed they were gone forever, but stop-
ped to inquire at the "lost and found" booth when lo! I had
no more than finished the description when a sweet-faced
woman produced them with the remark, "I am so glad you
called for them, we have several hundred pairs here now."
One of the very nice things the California women did for
us, was to prepare for each delegate a dainty basket filled
with native fruits and nuts. The baskets had been ordered
from an institution for soldiers of the late war who, incap-
acitated for hard labor, had learned basketry as a means of
livelihood. I feel sure that most of the several thousand dele-
gates either took or sent these home and will tell again and
again of the thrill it gave them when they entered the audi-
torium and found them in their seats. The oranges, cherries,
apricots and plums looked very tempting through the shin-
ing cover of glazed paper, and the fluffy bows of yellow
ribbon made them things of beauty.
The sadness of the good-byes was tempered by the fact
that there were many unexplored beauties of Los Angeles
before us to enjoy. In only two short years another meeting
of the General Federation will be called, and each one hopes
that she may be sent again to represent her club.
Mrs. J. I. Conklin.
Miami.

The Invasion of Los Angeles by the Federated Women of
America! It won't be soon forgotten.
The siege lasted two weeks, produced much brilliant
thought and oratory, and ended in a complete rout of all
who doubted the extent or value of women's work along
national lines, in addition to their unquestioned local
achievements.
It was thrilling and inspiring to see that vast throng of
women assembled together, working for the betterment of
their country; to listen to the splendid, forceful speakers
voicing genuine gems of thought; to witness the general
enthusiasm; to hear the stirring state and campaign songs,
which burst out whenever possible.
The Florida songs were fine, and we used them to the limit,
under the best cheer-leader ever. But we need a state song
that fairly screams Florida, and does not suggest anything
else.
It was a tremendous task, that of entertaining such an im-
mense crowd, and a task perfectly performed by our Cali-
fornia Club hostesses.
Everybody knew that Florida was at the Convention. Our
badges attracted a great deal of attention and admiration.
The signboard nuisance was attacked vigorously. Florida
has accomplished much in this line, but there still remain
many hideous blots on our beautiful landscape. In Hawaii,


the club women refused to buy anything so advertised, and
won a complete victory.
Unanimous disapproval of the proposed blanket equality
amendment was voted.
Not a single bobbed head was noted among that throng of
7,000 women!
The Florida delegation, with some exceptions, went to the
convention "a la Elliott," in special cars. It soon became
like one big family. It was a fine trip, a happy, congenial
crowd, and a good time was had by all. A pleasant reunion
is anticipated in Orlando in November.
Mrs. Elmer C. Haines,
Altamonte Springs.

There was no more inspiring moment for me at the Con-
vention than that in which all of the delegates from all of
the states rose as one person in unanimous declaration for
law enforcement, and in opposition to any lowering of the
effectiveness of the Eighteenth Amendment and the Vol-
stead law, for I believe with Mrs. Edward Franklin White
that "when women go to the polls this fall they are going to
use the ballot carefully. They are going to use it to kill
politically every man who aspires to office on a light-wine
and beer program."
Mrs. Clara C. Needham.
Port Orange.

Mrs. Jessie S. Goode of Melbourne has remained in Cali-
fornia for the summer and writes of her doings most de-
lightfully. No member of the delegation was more faithful
to her duties or more keenly appreciative of the opportunities
the convention afforded than this dear woman, whose brim-
ming youthfulness and wide sympathies have endeared her to
us all. She writes:
"How I wish that more of our Florida club women could
have taken that delightful trip to Los Angeles, where such
splendid work was dpne by the Florida delegates-where one
learns what splendid work the clubs are doing all over the
United States.
To Mrs. Blackman, Dr. Grace Whitford, Mrs. Tippetts
and Mrs. Pryor, is due much credit for the splendid parts they
took and the hard work they. did."


The great event for those who returned by the Central
Route was the trip through the Yellowstone Park. They
were members of the "First In" party which left Salt Lake
City amid the blare of a brass band and a speech by the
Governor of Utah. Each member of the party was ornament-
ed with a sort of Chief of Police badge-very handsome-
making known to the world that she was one of the "First
Ins" of 1924.
The party did the usual sight-seeing in the Park, and
emerged after three days having passed through snow storms,
earthquakes, hurricanes, volcano-eruptions, narrow escapes
from being devoured by wild beasts, etc. 'Anyhow, they had
a wonderful time which sounded astonishing and horrifying
to one who was not there and who may have forgotten the
details she heard related.
We regret that no authentic account of this part of the
trip has reached the Bulletin.
Every wife made good use of the stop in famous Reno to
send a significant message by wire or mail to the man she had
left behind in Florida. It is whispered that even our presi-


SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924


THE FLORIDA BULLETIN


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SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924 THE FLORIDA BULLETIN


dent informed the lonely one at home that she had stopped
long enough to take out citizenship papers.

The only fatality reported was the convulsive demise of a
bellhop at the Alexandria when one of the delegation reck-
lessly gave him a silver quarter tip.

When that charming delegation from Mississippi left us
they sang:
Somewhere the skies are bluest,
Birds sing in every dell.
Somewhere the hearts are truest,
Somewhere kind friends dwell.
Florida! Florida! Beautiful State of Florida!
Friends ever true,
We sing to you,
Goodbye, dear friends from Florida.

KEYNOTE SONG OF THE FLORIDA DELEGATION
Tune-Auld Lang Syne
Should worth and merit be unsung
Or unrewarded stay?
Then praise the splendid worthiness
And merit of our May.
May Jennings for our President!
Achievement, charm and cheer!
To carry on the Winter's Work
The fruitful Maytime's here!

Her record stands for all to read,
Performance through and through,
A tale of work and victory,
Of lofty dreams made true.
May Jennings for our President!
Achievement, charm and cheer!
For every law and plan we need
Make her the engineer!

North and South, and East and West,
One womanhood we stand,
And loyally uphold the best
For home and native land.
May Jennings then for President!
Achievement, charm and cheer!
Her splendid service let us crown
With faith and vision clear!

In her our hopes and dreams are safe,
Our seeking meets an end;
Her past is ours, our future hers.
Hail, champion and friend!
May Jennings then for President!
Achievement, charm and cheer!
From coast to coast we pledge our faith
To the Miaytime of the Year! M. B. W.

ANOTHER IMPRESSION
Mary E. Apple, St. Petersburg
My first Biennial has brought a fuller realization of the
benefits enjoyed by each individual member and delegate, the
wide differences of opinion in various sections are adjusted
and stabilized by the frank, sympathetic and instructive dis-
cussions; responsibilities are assumed; and one is impressed
by the fact that a better-informed womanhood is one of the
instruments for improving world conditions.


A TRIBUTE
(Continued from page 1)
it an intermittent kind. The withdrawal of your candidate
was the only big thing to do and Florida does not do small
things, or things by halves, you will agree, and we certainly
put Florida on the map in a most enviable manner. The
west has had the presidency of the General Federation for
the past twenty years; the end of this administration will
make twenty-four years, and of course the west could not
be expected to relinquish willingly a position of such leader-
ship without a stiff fight. If the south or east ever ex-
pects to secure the presidency, they will have to stand to-
gether as the west does, campaign in earnest, and announce
'their candidate in time. My candidacy should have been
announced a year ago last January, not after every other
candidate had practically secured all pledges of support.
Personally, I had no ambition in the matter except for you
and for Florida. I was not unmindful of the honor attached
to the office, but I also was not unmindful of the hard, tax-
ing and exacting work which goes with the office. I only
coveted the honor for you and Florida. Personally I am
just as happy knowing that you love me, and I would not ex-
change that knowledge for all the offices in the world. I am
yours to do with as you wish, now and always, whether to
serve Florida in the ranks, or as a leader of some special
assignpaent; it is for you to say.
If we do say it ourselves (and should not), I want you to
feel sure that our literature was passed on by experts and
pronounced the finest of its kind. Our campaign songs, lead
by Mrs. H. M. Hampton of Ocala, and our cheers and yells,
lead by Mrs. Jack Pryor of Haines City, were also said to
have been the most clever of the Convention. "Suwannee
River" was the only state song joined in by the entire con-
vention. The songs were written by our president's talented
son and daughter. These songs and yells were practiced on
your candidate all the way to California. At one place even a
local band at a station got "enthused" and played a number
of southern airs in honor of the delegation. It took a good
deal of grit and self-possession to stand at attention, with
a group of splendid women singing about one; I was not sure
of your candidate's conduct under the stress of such occasions
but she managed to meet the expectations of the delegation,
though fully aware of her unworthiness to be the object of
such demonstrations and filled with the proper humility,
be assured; reminding herself that all this was being done
for our beloved Florida.
Mrs. Katherine B. Tippetts, vice-president at large, was
very much "at large" and constantly on the job with all of
the delegates. I wish space permitted me to mention each
of these by name. Dr. Grace Whitford, chairman of the
campaign committee, awake to every advantage for Florida's
candidate, finally nominated her from the floor, seconded by
dear Mrs. Poole of California. This was necessary because
the by-laws of the Federation discriminate against the of-
fice of president, permitting more than two names to be
brought in for all other offices. The change in the by-laws
was recommended by the revision committee, of which Mrs.
Sherma-n was a member, and approved by the Board of Di-
rectors in the January meeting, but was opposed by Mrs.
Winter on the floor of the Convention, ahd defeated. Your
candidate took no part in the matter during the Board meet-
ing nor at the Convention. Mrs. M. L. Stanley, a member of
the campaign committee, who had been ever active and al-
ways in evidence where your candidate's interest was at


SEPTEMBR-OCTOB(ER, 1924


THE FLORIDA 'BULLETIN







THE FLORIDA BULLETIN SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924


stake, came west with the eastern delegations from her sum-
mer home in Maine. Last but not least, I mention Dr. Julia
Larmoyeoux Kline, who was the room-mate and special
custodian of your candidate. She kept her pressed, properly
dressed in keeping with the 'wishes of the delegation, and
decked with flowers according to the demand of the hour.
When after a meeting of the delegation in the morning, a
decision was reached that your candidate was to wear white,
white was worn.
It is only fair that you should know that your candidate's
room was so full of flowers at all times that it was difficult
to find places for them and that they were even sent by one
of the opponents' supporters, showing the splendidly friendly
spirit maintained.
Our Florida reception was admitted to be the most beautiful
and our Florida dinner a fitting climax to th- twelve days
of very hard and difficult work, though entirely interesting
and enjoyable. I was rather overwhelmed when Mrs. Black-
man and I were each presented with a beautiful string of
pearls by the delegation on the latter occasion. You can well
imagine that mine is among my most treasured possessions
and will ever be, as it represents the loving thought of the
blessed group of dear women of the Florida delegation. I
was too deeply touched for words. Come to the State Con-
vention in Orlando in November, and I will share them with
you by letting you see me wear them.
With a heart full of love and gratitude that you should
have selected me, and given me the great privilege of serving
in high places, and with the hope that I have in a measure
lived up to your ideals and met your approval.
Faithfully,
May Mann Jennings.


\/ AS THE PRINCESS CANTACUZENE SEES US
(Continued from page 1)
M Mrs. Jennings then rose, asking the chair's recognition,
and amidst tense silence she said in her quiet, even voice:
'Please don't think I'm not grateful to you all, who are my
friends and love me. I love you, too, and I love our or-
ganization; but our by-laws say two candidates are to be
presented by the nominating committee for election. Nonm-
inations from the floor are constitutional, I know, but I don't
think they are ethical, and mine would only make confusion
and trouble. So I've had it .withdrawn. Instead, I want to
say that I'll go on serving this Federation loyally in any
way I can and always, and that I now pledge my support to
whoever is our president. Thank you.'
As she closed her- informal speech the house rose in respect
and admiration, and the applause given her was spontaneous
and long. Florida was proud of her, and from that day on,
even among her political opponents, Mrs. Jennings had won
personal admiration and warm friends. Everyone sang her
praises.
On the day the election results were announced, Mrs. Jen-
nings and Mrs. Perham got quite as much applause as the
new president, and that though Mrs. Sherman was given a
tremendous demonstration. I liked the whole atmosphere
that day, and the fine attitude of loyalty it expressed among
these leaders."


ALL ABOARD FOR LOS ANGELES
(Continued from page 2)
Here in sight of the giant redwoods we breakfasted, and
left by train for a remarkable daylight trip to San Fran-
cisco; we were told that we were in sight of the ocean for
one hundred miles.
San Francisco fascinated us all. A gay, cosmopolitan city,
built on the hills, overlooking the wonderful Golden Gate
and the Pacific Ocean. Golden Gate Park, with its made
land and transplanted palms and trees, is remarkable, es-
pecially to us coming from a land where "God grows every-
thing and we do so little to help him."
In San Francisco the party broke up, the larger part going
with that young man of remarkable tact and good temper
and judgment, Mr. Wallace Elliott for the return trip by the
Central route, others to Alaska, Honolulu, or for longer
stays on the coast, to join later Elliott Tours for the return,
and four of us-Mrs. Jennings, Mrs. Capen, Mrs. Patterson
of Wilson, North Carolina, and -:. :!--.*ff for the Canadian
Rockies.
We four left San Francisco for Portland, reveling in the
greeness of the mountains, the marvelous trees and the
streams that we saw increase in beauty through Oregon and
Washington. In Portland, we toured the city and then had
that incomparable Columbia River drive to the Bonneville
Fish Hatcheries. Miles of boulevard with high mountains,
mountain streams, and cascades on one side, and the wind-
ing Columbia River below us on the other.
On our return, we explored the "Rose City of the West"
more carefully; it was a week after the annual rose festival
and the city squares and triangles, planted to masses of
roses every few blocks, were still glorious as were the
private gardens.
From Portland to Seattle, with drives and sight-seeing in
this beautiful city which was our point of departure by
boat for Canada. A splendid daylight trip on the Canadian
Pacific boat, crowded with women from other states, took
us to quaint Victoria, a bit of transplanted England; then
on to Vancouver, larger and different from Victoria, but
still old-world and very English.
From there, we started by train for that crowning glory
of the trip, the Canadian Rockies. Miles of green snow-
capped mountains, mountain streams and water-falls, kept
everyone exclaiming. Besides the observation cars, there
were observation cars without tops, giving an unbroken view
of the sky and peaks.
Our first stop was at Glacier which, with Lake Louise and
Banff, is in the Dominion National Park, with splendid auto
roads and good footpaths. Here the Illecillewaet Glacier is
the justifiable attraction.
We left on the motor 'bus for a two A. M. train to Lake
Louise. Day-light had merged into moonlight and moonlight
into dawn imperceptibly, and one did not realize which was
which. The trip to Lake Louise seemed a dream of white
loveliness, and the ascent from the station to the Chateau
at Lake Louise by trolley seemed unreal, white magic. The
great hotel suddenly stood before us, a feudal castle in the
peaks, snow-clad mountains encircling the sapphire lake ex-
cept for the site of the buildings, golden Iceland poppies grow-
ing in the emerald grass, and it was snowing through the
sunlight.
On to Banff, where a quaint town greets one with a variety
of people on the streets, the sombrero-topped country man,


THE FLORIDA BULLETIN


SEPTE1MBER-OCTOBER, 1924


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SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924 THE FLORIDA BULLETIN


the Indian, the rancher, the swank English tourist, and just
folks like ourselves. Another feudal castle is the Banff
Springs Hotel, and other wonderful drives through the Do-
minion Park and to the Banff Springs awaited us. Mr.
Thomas Meighan and his company were filming "Alaska"
there, so see it when it comes to your town and gain your
own impression of the Canadian Rockies.
From Banff via St. Paul to Chicago, where our congenial
little party separated after a trip of 8,500 to 9,000 miles.
We are all going again, someday, staying as long as
we want, where we want, and that means a long, long stay
at Lake Louise, the calm, serene, lovely queen of the Canadian
Alps.

JOYCE PRITCHARD WINS SCHOLARSHIP
Mrs. Katherine B. Tippetts, Vice-President at Large
Two years ago the Vice-President-at-Large, then Mrs. E.
M. Galloway, of Sanford, and the eleven sectional vice-presi-
dents voted to finance a scholarship which should cover a
two-year normal training course for some worthy girl who
otherwise, for financial reasons, could not prepare herself for
teaching.
The expense of this scholarship was to be divided equally
and the section bringing in the greatest number of new clubs
was to have the privilege of selecting the girl, who should
be known as the Vice-Presidents' Scholarship Girl. Mrs.


Katherine B. Tippetts, vice-president of Section Eight, won
this privilege.
,There were over a dozen applications received in response
to the published requirements, and Mrs. Tippetts submitted
all applications to a number of educators who reported
separately on the merits in each case. The majority were
so excellent it needed some fine winnowing to pick the win-
ner, but it may be of interest to know that the choice was
unanimous.
Of the five counties comprising Section Eight, Hillsboro,
Pinellas and Polk furnished four candidates each. The
others were from Pasco and Hernando. Miss Joyce Prit-
Schard, when awarded the scholarship, lived in Pinellas coun-
ty, and was a graduate of the Tarpon Springs High School.
Her family has since moved to Plant City, which is in the
same section.
Miss Pritchard's school record was of unusual interest,
showing as it did a fine development in all directions as she
advanced. She held many posts of honor, while maintaining
the average required, and graduated as Salutatorian of her
class.
To Mrs. E. E. Galloway, who originated the idea when
Vice-President-at-Large, is due the credit for the scholar-
ship. Her loyal Sectional family only carried out her sug-
gestions and the vice-president of Section Eight, who was
fortunate enough to bring in the greatest number of clubs,


How can there be


HEALTH

without running water?
H ERE is running water,under pressure, for kitchen
sink, modern bathtub, washbowl, toilet, wash-
tub; for watering stock, washing motor car or truck;
for sprinkling lawn and for fire protection.
Think of the sanitation-the health-the ending of old "pump,
carry, and sloppy pail" methods. It means less work-more com-
forts-and at so low a cost you can not.afford to be without it.

Its Automatic

FAIRBANKS-MORSE

HOME WATER PLANT
Operates from any electric light socket or home lighting plant
circuit. Pumps from cistern, shallow well, spring, stream or lake,
under pressure. Quiet running. Pressure automatically maintained.
Entirely automatic-no adjusting. Not even a switch to turn.
Has galvanized steel tank, and dependableFairbanks- Morse pump.
Capacity 200 gallons per hour. Be sure to come and see it.

Dealers in all the Principal
Cities of Florida


I -----~ --'


-I -


SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924


THE FLORIDAA BULLETIN








THE FLORIDA BULLETINSEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924


and who is now her successor, joins with the other members
of that family in paying her homage.
Miss Pritchard enters the State College this fall, and the
Federation will have one more connecting link with that well-
known seat of learning.
It may serve to arouse ever greater endeavor when it is
known that as the other candidates were eliminated some
of the club women in the town in which the unsuccessful girls
lived banded together and created a scholarship to send their
home girl also. This was a source of much satisfaction to
all concerned and worthy of imitation. Let all county fed-
erations consider creating a similar scholarship fund.

THE FLORIDA RECEPTION AND BANQUET
The delegation had two social events which were much
enjoyed, the afternoon reception to honor Mrs. Jennings,
and the banquet.
The reception was held in the music room at the Biltmore,
and was delightful in every respect. Mrs. Blackman received
the guests and presented them to Mrs. Jennings, and the
state officers and chairmen acted as hostesses. The hotel
orchestra played southern airs, in which the guests joined,
and the flowers were wonderful. The special feature of the
reception was the favors, these being the prose-poem, "The
Floridian's Creed and Covenant" written by Dr. W. F. Black-
man, printed on a card in the federation colors of green and
gold, and tied with gold cord.
Of the banquet, Mrs. M. P. Capen, chairman of the com-
mittee of arrangements, writes: "After a number of changes
as to date and hour, the banquet was held in a private dining-
room of the Alexandria, with forty-two delegates present
and several invited guests. Mrs. Blackman presided, with
Mrs. Jennings at her right. The convention was nearly over
and our candidate for the presidency had not been elect-
ed; but judging by the fun and laughter at this party, the
Florida delegates were not down-hearted. Everybody was
called upon for speeches, those of the men guests being
especially witty. Mrs. Tippetts, vice-president-at-large, pre-
sented in-her graceful way the strings of pearls which the
delegates had chosen as a token of their love and apprecia-
tion for Mrs. Blackman and Mrs. Jennings. Both of these
women responded in their usual happy way, but refused to
sing 'the Rosary,' as was suggested."
The Biennial of 1926 will be held in Atlantic City with
New Jersey and Pennsylvania as hostesses. The delegations
from these two states had some of the cleverest songs of any
heard at the convention. Here are some samples:
There's a long, long trail a-winding
To the city of our dreams,
Where the wondrous waves are rolling
And the white sand gleams;


Oh, Atlantic City's waiting,
Until our dreams all come true,
Till the day when we'll be going down
That long board-walk with you.

Pack up your dresses in your old kit bag
In '26 and smile;
Atlantic City will not let time lag,
That's a place worth while.
Jersey State is calling you-
Pennsylvania by our side,
So-pack up your dresses in your old kit bag
And to that city ride.

NEAR EAST RELIEF
As we were going to press, there came a personal visit
from Dr. E. H. Curtis, a director in the Near East Relief,
soliciting the further co-operation of the Florida Federation
of Women's Clubs in this great work. A glance at a few
figures will convince any one not only of the magnitude and
importance of this American undertaking, but that the time
is not yet come when we can withdraw from this enterprise.
During the last year, 40,984 children under ten years of
age have been cared for, not one of whom had any known
relative to look after it; thirty-nine orphanages are main-
tained in Greece, Syria, Palestine and Persia; one hundred
and forty American nurses and thirty-seven American doctors
are connected with the work in sixty-two hospitals with
3,439 Greek and American helpers. The number to receive
medical treatment during the year was 353,500, and 15,000
boys and girls were "graduated" from the dependents, to
positions of self support.
The Near East Relief wishes to be better organized in
Florida, and is .::lling upon the various women's organiza-
tions to get together in every community to form a local body
for the presentation of the needs of the Near East Relief,
for the gathering of clothing and for the purpose of keeping
in touch with the Florida Division, having headquarters at
Hotel Jackson, Jacksonville.
I take this means of asking that the president of every
federated club in Florida will consider herself appointed by
her state president to see that this request is met in her com-
munity. This does not mean that she is asked to assume the
responsibility of leadership in every case. This is left to the
local situation. But the call to do is urgent and immediate.
Will you not act at once, and notify Dr. Curtis at the
address given above with whom he may correspond as your
representative ?
'A few of the larger cities are already organized, and this
request does not apply to those places.
Lucy Worthington Blackman.


Read

THE FLORIDA TIMES-UNION



H ME C.O. PAINTER PRINTING co.oLANo.r FL> A-B946


THE FLORIDA BULLETIN


SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924








SzPrEMnza-Ocronaa, 1924 THE FLORiDA BULLETIN


EXCERPTS FROM THE GENERAL FEDERATION NEWS,
JULY-AUGUST
Dear Club Women:
From my cabin in the Rocky Mountain National Park,
9,000 feet above the sea, I send you greetings. How 1 wish
you might be with me to enjoy the beauty of Tahosa Valley
and the majesty of the rugged mountain peaks, as I enjoy
them daily from my porch and the window where I work.
There is nothing I would appreciate more than the privilege
of knowing ever one of you-of meeting you face to face on
the common ground of our Federation service.
Mary Sherman.

A total of 7,372 club women of which 2,407 were delegates
and 4,965 visiting club women were registered at the Los
Angeles biennial, according to final report of the credential
committee.
Direct membership of individual clubs, in addition to
membership with the club's respective state federation, has
more than doubled during Mrs. Thomas G. Winter's adminis-
tration as president. Mrs. Florence C. Floore, treasurer, in
making her. biennial report announced that four years ago
there were 2,114 clubs having direct membership and that to-
date there are 5,519 of which only 78 are not paid up.

The women who succeeds Mrs. Thomas G. Winter, who has
so brilliantly led the women of the land in every organized
endeavor for the past four years, is in many respects not un-
like Mrs. Winter herself. She is modest, unassuming, demo-
cratic, brilliant of mind, big of heart, kindly in word and deed,
a leader in educational effort, a writer of ability and a rela-
tive of writers of considerable reputation. For fifteen years
she has been actively, engaged in work for the General Federa-
tion and during that time she has served in many departments
and in many capacities.
She assumes the leadership of America's 2,800,000 club wom-
en directly from directorship of the largest department of work
in the federation, that of Applied Education, which is a mat-
ter of 23 separate federations in itself, composed of national,
state, county and club workers. As founder of Garden
Week and a co-worker in the Better Homes movement, her
name has been largely before the public during the past two
years. But in Washington she is known chiefly as the
National Parks' Lady who has stood guard over America's
playgrounds, blessed by nature, to protect them from constant
encroachment of commercial interests.

In a demonstration in holding a club institute during the
biennial it was agreed that qualifications for leadership and
the holding of office in club are: Executive ability, fairness,
open-mindedness, initiative, knowledge of club terms, parlia-
mentary procedure, civic affairs, business methods and power
to infuse enthusiasm and vision. The leader, it was brought
out, should be honest, have a love of community, an open
mind, a big heart, and one sensitive to the currents of life
of her own time. "Keep still in club, then go out and tell
the world what should have been done" is one way to kill
a club, it was stated. A card-file index of members, listing
also what each member can do, what she wants to do, how
much time she has and other qualifications was suggested as
a club help.

Women now vote on equal terms with men in 26 countries.
They have in addition, municipal suffrage in half the nations
of the world. Nothing can now stop their march to complete
freedom. The latest suffragist victories are municipal suffrage
in Spain, the most conservative country in Europe, and in
the city of Constantinople, the most unfriendly to women.
The province of Mysore, India, has just granted full citizen-
ship rights to women. Catholic, Mohammedan and Hindoo
countries have thus caught step with us in our march for
world emancipation of a sex.
And who knows but that you are come into the kingdom of
freedom for such a time as this? It was no chance that
women have so quickly come into power. I think it is for
world peace working together with men for fruition.
But if we women are honest we will admit that few women
are qualified to take high office or even enter seriously into
politics, but we know that men are equally incompetent.


The man or women, not interested in politics, is not a
good citizen. It is only through the ballot, which is but legis-
lation and the pressure of the ballot upon legislators, that any
reform can be brought about. Thus, in their welfare work
women are working "hind part before."
Become serious, voting citizens first. Take your citizenship
as a sacred trust, and through it all reforms for which you
now long can be brought about.
Carrie Chapman Catt.

More than forty-two resolutions were adopted, showing as
many interests, all having to do with future activities of
the General Federation. The need of getting out the woman
vote was stressed as the most immediate one and citizenship
was held to be that through which all desirable things from
peace down to prohibition enforcement may be obtained.
There was a spectacular re-affirmation of the Federation's
stand on prohibition and enforcement of the Volstead Law.

(1) Each woman should form an intelligent, individual
opinion as to public matters; should attend precinct meetings
and primaries, thus helping to shape policies and to procure
desirable candidates; should cast an intelligent, conscientious
vote.
(2) Each club should have two members present when the
naturalization court is called, and should discuss the new
immigration law.
(3) Each club should strive to put "unity" into com-
munity.
(4) Each club should do some special work for at least
one ex-service man, and work with the Legion for impartial
justice and equal opportunity.
(5) Each club should work for clean, recreational motion
pictures.
(6) Above all, each club should do educational work for
lasting peace.

We believe in the Constitution of the United States. We
believe in both its essential form of government and in the
high ideals of human relation that brought this Government
into being and must continue to actuate it if it is to be kept
vitally alive.
We recognize in the ideals that lie behind the Constitution
of the United States a wonderfully wise adjustment that is
meant not only to secure liberty to every citizen and every
.community, but also to lay on every citizen and community
a sacred responsibility to play their individual parts, while
at the same time, it ties us up together in the mightiest far-
flung Government that lies upon this whirling globe.
Every man or woman, every town or state that fails to
live up to its responsibility jeopardizes that imperial great-
ness. Our country is a demonstration that brotherhood is
not an idle phrase or a far-off dream, but that it is the only
practical solution of the world's difficulties. And there is
no brotherhood that does not entail duties as well as privileges.
Alice Ames Winter.

Insurance, long a question of vital interest to every man,
has only recently become an interesting one to women. But
a national survey was made in which it was found that only
one woman in ten was not dependent upon others after she
is sixty. Many women are taking out insurance and build-
ing clubhouse with the underwritten policies, while many
others are providing for old age, endowment, disability, ac-
cident or the college education of their children.

SKINNER SCUFFLE HOE
The Skinner Scuf-
fle Hoe is made of
first class mate-
rial and twill be
found strong and
durable. It is an
ideal implement
for surface culti-
vating and weed-
ing for use In the
grove and garden. 'rite for prices.
SXKINNER MACHINERY COMPANyl2
Washington Street
DUNEDIN, PLORAID


SEPTFMBER-OCTOMMR, 1924


THE FLORIDA BULLETIN









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SEPIEMBER-OCTOBER, 1924


THE FLORIDA BULLETIN








uCristmas


in tMe


(merican


{ome

Mrs. Frank J. Pratt
American Home Chairman

"Home, the seat of domestic life
and interests. A place or abode of
affection, peace, rest, a congenial
abiding place." This, of course, is a
dictionary definition of the word
home, which becomes true in our
experience, in the varying degrees of
the ability of those who make the
home.
But add the word Christmas, and
we practice magic with our memories
and our anticipations. The family
taking turns reading aloud "The
Other Wise Man," by Henry Van
Dyke, or Dickens' "Christmas Carol,"
perhaps reading to the younger chil-
dren the "Birds' Christmas Carol,"
the family singing the lovely songs of
the Christmas season together in the
evening, all this during the days be-
fore Christmas; the fragrance of the
decorations which nature has given
us from the outdoors, the festive prep-
aration for the gathering of the en-
tire family and of those invited guests
who perchance have no family, the
particular warmth of the Christmas
greeting, all these celebrate the
birth ever renewed, of the Christ
thought within us, the manifestation
of the love of God in the world. These
are the real and substantial memories
of Christmas. which we anticipate.
Is it possible that the desire to ex-
press friendship and love by the be-
stowal of gifts has grown to such pro-
portions, that not only the giving but
the exchange of material gifts among
adults has often detracted from the
fundamental spiritual renewal which
Christmas really is?
This Christmas of 1947 can be a
true Christmas in our homes. We who
have homes in America have so much
to share. We do have hungry neigh-
bors in the one world which we are
trying to build, neighbors who are in


need of food, and of the spirit of
Christmas. In sending the greatly
needed gifts, remembering that .the
"gift without the giver is bare," we
as families and individuals will feel
the spirit of the Christ. Our family
group, our communities, and our na-
tion can be a heavenly host singing
"On earth Peace, Good Will toward
men."
To our Youth may we give the per-
fect gift,-the Christ spirit reflected
in our homes and our lives, so that
we may inspire them, as well as our-
selves, to be very sure that the "Gov-
ernment shall be upon His shoulder,
and His name shall be called Won-
derful Counsellor, the mighty God,
the everlasting Father, the Prince of
Peace. Of the increase of His govern-
ment there shall be no end."


A woman who creates and sustains
a home, and under whose hands chil-
dren grow up to be strong and pure
men and women is a creator second
only to God.-HELEN HUNT JACKSON.
It takes real work to make a home;
it takes real brains to make a home
but most 9f all and best of all it takes
a great heart to make a home. It
takes a woman who walks and talks
with God, and thereby gains quiet-
ness of spirit and sweetness of soul,
so that she is able to meet with
serenity all the petty trials and daily
vexations that menace the peace of the
home.
The mother who reads to her chil-
dren at bedtime in that half-hypnotic
hour may build into their personality
the best she knows or is or can find
in the world's life.-E. C. HAYES.


DECEMBER, 1947


,.' i.



















A Christmas Tree, decorated to portray the story
of the Prince of Peace, shows the Star for Hope;
the Dove for Peace; Bluebird for Happiness; Christ-
mas Lights signify Christ, Light of the World;
Fruits, Nuts, Sweets for Abundance at Christmas
Time; Santa Claus as Love and Generosity; Ani-
mals, the lowly birth of the Saviour; Dolls show
Peace on Earth, Good Will to All Men; Creche for
the Spiritual Awakening; Spheres for International
Unity and Universal Peace. (Design by Alma Mar-
garet Higgins.)
^^^^^^9weasonamanament a es awv wtonww^^^







N:,e %"
0, .


Florida Clubwomen See Dream


Realized in Everglades Park



By MILDRED WHITE WELLS
Past President, Florida Federation of Women's Clubs


"I do hereby dedicate this park to
the perpetual use and enjoyment of
the people of all the world." These
words, spoken by Mrs. W. S. Jen-
nings, president of the Florida Fed-
eration of Women's Clubs, on Nov.
23, 1916, will be echoed on Dec. 6,
1947, when formal dedication of the
Everglades National Park takes place
in Florida. Then truly will this tropi-
cal area be preserved forever for all
the people. \ .
These first dedicatory words were
spoken on the occasion when the Par-
adise Key hammock was given into
the custody of the Florida Federation
of Women's Clubs and named Royal
Palm State Park. In the 31 years
which have elapsed since that day,
these acres of lush tropical growth, a
haven for rare bird and animal life,
have been preserved and developed
by this group of Florida clubwomen
with the ever-present hope that their
efforts would be rewarded by the es-


tablishment of the Everglades Na-
tional Park in that area.
As plans for the establishment of
the National Park developed, Federa-
tion officials were directed by resolu-
tion of the organization to turn over
the property to the Federal govern-
ment when such a park was author-
ized. This authorization took place
on June 20, 1947 when Secretary of
the Interior Julius A. Krug signed
the papers which created Everglades
National Park. In an interview at
that time, Krug declared that dona-
tion of the Royal Palm State Park
by the Florida Federation of Wom-
en's Clubs gave impetus to the federal
project. So on Oct. 10, 1947, formal
transfer of the deeds for the Park
was made by Mrs. L. J. McCaffrey,
president of the Florida Federation
of Women's Clubs and were accepted
by Dan Beard, who has been desig-
nated as superintendent for the new
national park.


SMost majestic plant of the Ever-
glades primeval park is the royal
palm which attains heights up to
100 feet.






Pictures of the Everglades through courtesy
of Devereux Butcher and National Parks
Magazine.






In the early years of the 20th cen-
tury, reports had come from the heart
of the inaccessible lower Everglades
of a beautiful hammock with impene-
trable jungle and towering Royal
palms, which later proved to be Para-
dise Key. Perhaps the first explora-
tion of this area was made by J. E.
Ingraham of St. Augustine and Fred-
erick Morse of Miami to report to
Henry M. Flagler if the land could
support a railway. It was during this
pioneering trip that Mr. Ingraham
saw the Royal Palms towering over
the glades. When this beauty was re-
ported to Mr. and Mrs. Flagler, their
interest was aroused and they prom-
ised support to the preservation of
this primeval tract. In a move to
clear up ownership of the land, to
which the East Coast Railway held
some certificates, an agreement was
entered into with the State of Florida
and the railway received deeds to
tracts of land south of the Royal
Palm hammock and the State got pos-
session of solid tracts of land includ-
ing the hammock and areas north of
it. This agreement was drawn up
with the understanding that the Royal
Palm hammock should be withdrawn
from sale until such time as interest
could be created in the establishment
of a State Park.
Clubwomen became interested in
the preservation of this natural beau-
ty spot and during the first year of
Mrs. Jennings' administration as
president, 1914, the Florida Federa-


THE GENERAL FEDERATION CLUBWOMAN



























Mrs. W. S. Jennings, president of
the Florida Federation of Women's
Clubs, 1914-1917, First Vice President,
GFWC, 1920-1924, now honorary Vice
president.
Mrs. Jennings was the founder of
Royal Palm State Park, and in charge
of the Park for approximately 18 years.
It was Florida's only state park for 21
years. Mrs. Jennings secured the enact-
ment of the law creating the Florida
Board of Forestry and also the first law
authorizing the creation of state and
county parks in Florida. The Forestry
Board and Park Division have since
been consolidated. She is known as the
Mother of Forestry in Florida.
The above picture was taken 14 years
ago in front of a very rare palm, which
she caused to be planted near Paradise
Lodge in Royal Palm State Park. It
is a "Bactris utilis," known as the
Peach Palm, from the upper northern
part of South America. There are very
few growing in the United States.

tion passed resolutions for the estab-
lishment of such a park. The 1915
Florida Legislature was asked to pass
a bill ceding the desired land to the
Federation with an appropriation for
its upkeep. After much prodding on
the part of Mrs. Jennings and her
aides, the Legislature deeded 960
acres to the Federation on the condi-
tion that an equal acreage would be
given by the Flaglers, but omitted the
appropriation.
Unique in the annals of legislative
lobbying was Mrs. Jennings' pressure
on individual legislators. It became
a question of "Pie or Park." In a let-
ter to each club president, Mrs. Jen-
nings urged them to write their mem-
bers and relatives in the Legislature
that "if they don't get that bill
through for Royal Palm Park, they


won't have any pie for two years."
The strategy worked; the legislators
got their pie and the women got their
Park. Mrs. Flagler gave another 960
acres to the Federation and Royal
Palm State Park was a reality, the
first and only state park in Florida
until 1934, and the only state park
owned by a Federation of Women's
Clubs.
Not daunted by the lack of an ap-
propriation from state funds, the club-
women went to work to raise money
on their own. An annual appropria-
tion of $1,000 by the Dade County
Commissioners was obtained and the
Commissioners also worked night and
day shifts to complete a road through
the Park to Cape Sable in time for
the official dedication. This road was
appropriately named in honor of J.
E. Ingraham and was dedicated at the
same time as the Park. The first 10
miles of trail leading through the
Park was later named in honor of
Mrs. W. S. Jennings.
After coming into possession of the
Park acreage, the Federation lost no
time in developing it and soon built
the rustic Lodge which has served
during the years as a home for the
warden, a guest house for visitors
and the center of Park work. It was
built on the area which had been
cleared for the dedication ceremonies
in 1916 and according to plans
sketched by Mrs. Jennings.
In 1921 the Federation secured a
further grant of land from the Flor-
ida Legislature bringing the total in
their possession of 4,000 acres. An
annual appropriation of $2,500 was
also granted by that Legislature


With fronds tossing in the warm
south wind, a royal palm thrusts its
head aobve the surrounding jungle
of the Everglades. Only here in all
the United States does this tree grow
wild, for only here at the tip of Flor-
ida does the tropic zone touch our
shores.

which has been administered ever
since by the Federation through its
Park committee. Mrs. Jennings
served as chairman of this committee
for 18 years. Many other well-known
Florida women headed this commit-
tee, among them Mrs. T. V. Moore of
Miami, who was vice-president in
1914-17 and active in the establish-
ment of the Park, and state president
in 1934-36.
A C.C.C. camp was established in
the Park in 1933 and a wider devel-
opment of the area was accomplished.


The Seminoles represent the only established dwellers of the Everglades to
which they retreated with the advance of the white man's civilization. They
now live on a reservation but a small camp may be established in the national
park.


DECEMBER, 1947





























Miami Herald
Florida club women show their joy as they turn over deeds to Royal Palm
State Park. From left to right are Mrs. Paul Sears, Park Chairman; Mrs.
L. J. McCaffrey, Federation President; Dan Beard, Superintendent of the
National Park, and Mrs. C. M. Long, Federation Secretary.


New trails were cut and the boundary
lines marked for the entire 4,000
acres. A fire tower was built as well
as a natural rock two-car garage and
power house; paths were rocked,
thatched shelters built and many oth-
er improvements made. A value of
$200,000 was placed on the actual
work done at the Park by this C.C.C.
camp.
So it is a going concern that the
Florida Federation of Women's Clubs
has turned over as its contribution to
the Everglades National Park, now
the property of all the people of the
United States.


The Royal Palm hammock is truly
named Paradise Key. Nature has lav-
ished her best in creating this year
round paradise. The area is said to
be the richest in plant and wild life
of any other within the United States.
The Everglades is a prairie, sub-
merged half of the year and more or
less dry the other half. There are
numerous hammock islands and the
higher land around the Everglades
supports dense hardwood forests
where grow unusual trees, many air
plants, royal and coconut as well as
other palms, orchids, cactus and
ferns.


Here birds are found that are sel-
dom seen elsewhere on the continent.
The roseate spoonbills and the snowy
egrets are few in number but still
reward the effort of locating them.
There is a great variety of herons and
the white ibis is plentiful. Many land
animals make their home in the Park
and the amphibians, the sea cow, the
otter, the crocodile and the alligator,
intrigue the interest of all explorers.
With the care that will be given these
species by the National Park Service,
the rare varieties will increase in
numbers and protection will be given
to all.
This area is farther south than any
other in the United States. The Gulf
Stream flows closer to the southern
tip of the Florida peninsula than to
any other part of this country, tem-
pering the climate, which is rated by
the U. S. Weather Bureau as climati-
cally tropical.
With the transfer of this long-cher-
ished and preserved land grant to the
newest national park, Florida club-
women have reached the goal they
set themselves so many years ago.
They are proud of their accomplish-
ment and of the cooperative spirit of
the people of Florida which brought
the Everglades National Park from a
dream to reality. This was signalized
by a state gift of $2,000,000 to the
Federal government to complete ac-
quisition of lands needed to round
out the park boundaries.
So all the people of Florida bid
welcome to the peoples of the world
to visit this paradise, which is truly
called, "God's Own Garden."


Watery expanses of the Everglades are grown with sawgrass and are picturesquely
dotted with clumps of cabbage palms.


THE GENERAL FEDERATION CLUBWOMAN











JACKSON\TLLE JOURNAL, J ACKSONVILLE. FLA.


Various Honors Have Enriched




Life Of Mrs. W. S. Jennings


By JYVNE DRIUMLEY
Plorida's "Mother of Foretr.,"
Jacksonville's 'Woman of the
Year," first lad:' of the state,
recipient of a Doctor of L-.'.s
decree irom Stetson Urji.ersit,'-
here are eome of the honors
that. have enriched the lifetime
of Mhrs. W\. S.
? .. Jeniiings, one of
the stateA m'.nlst
d i tt nrgulhed

As I-lli' Au--
tin M Inii. sae
,.1 f".4 wa.Fi the dauch-
k ter of a IR:' er
;v h o b e a li e
knov n as "the
father of cood
BitlMLEY xo ds". In Flor-
ida, Austin S iu-
ey Mann. Mr. Mann nias a mem-
ber of the State Le;islture And
a member of the Constitut.ioial
convention in Florida.
She married another lawyer,
William Sherman Jenninss. who
was governor of Florida hfom
1'01 to 1905, the last govern.r'r
of tlhs state to be nominated
in a state- lide convention! n iMi.
JenninJs was a first Cou.ii of
Wi.lliani Jelninis Bryan, "the
Eilvered tongued orarot of the
Flatte."
When his term as go', cinn
was completed, Mr. JenninEs
brought his beautiful bride to
Jackson-ille, and blult liei the
Isrge white house on the then
quiet shaded Main Stieet
Mrs. JerniingEa till occupies
that house althotiah the bus','
thoroughfare she nowu lives on
hardiv resembles Main Street,
circa 1910.

She has been a widow now for
many years bitt she has not
been a. 'mdow content to live
on memories of a colorful p',at.
Since 1691 when she attended
a meeting of the Florida Legis-
lature in Tallaa&see vlth her
senator father her rdeiot.on to
her adopted state and good leg-
i.latiron for that tLate nas been
constant
Her husband fIrnreed the
reclamation program for Florida
and as early as 1911 went to
Holland to stuidv the Dutch
renal and dr.unaze systeni
Mrs Jennings has never tired
of efforts to keep Florida beau-
tiful and verdant. If this centle
soft-spot-en lady has airn .hing
to Eis about it "bugs" will be
w med out in Florida. litter bugs
and firebugs at leastt
She is president of the Du':al
Cruinty Highway Beautification


t.,
"'it
.: .14
;.:d
*^tel


4LK


Holds Many Honors
Mrs. W. S. Jennin.s, one of Jacksonville's most outstanding citizens. has many honors to her
credit, not only heie in Jracsonillie, but throughout Duvsl County and the state.


A.soclation, a citizen's organiza-
tirn. For niotie than 20 years
she has neen the oily woman
conunattee chairman of the
Flo!ida State Cnminuer of Com-
nieice, as top authority o0n beau-
tificition of the state.

Mlles of planted roadsides.
rri =, of p.: ks. n'ltlioi6s of trees
v.'ulci not be viablee t to tunrits
or ledr-ents had It not been for
LM. Jenning?
She wvaa founder of Royal
Palni State Park below Hr-np-
stead, Fla. The project gpew into
ha t is now Everglades National
Pa rri..
Mas. Jenni-r-s won't dicu.cs
her ace, in fait she refuses to
Fen think about it. "w'hy, I
knu.c p,:.pip t ho ha''e ruined
omne of the be-t years of their
lives wheii all the',' thioilht about
'vas tlat tn.y were too old to
do this, that or the other thing,"
s 'e iaugllh
\V.'l' S t tao n U-ivle'. ity's
pre.ciernt (ornfered the h.-nor-
ail\ Doc'tr of La deagee on
iJL Jerinini s he jo'a3li;y addert
thit sle 1hia earned it as "'he
lhai dcixtned mnlie ID".'" tian
anyone lie KRneie.
In 1927, 24-1 ,ars after Gov.
Jel'innas' nie, -e to thie Let-
islatuie rlt:;Csin1 the need for
frio s'. Con El tion, -Mr'. Jr-n-
nnlue' led in s''virins pisacge,
after a naid f!;hlt, of the law
ctratinlg he present Fliniro
Board or For-s!trv. The bill f...r


the law nas drawn up by her
onl. son. Sherman Bryqn Jen-
nmias, and it was sponsored by
the Florida Forestry Association.
Her son later v..s appointed to
the Board of Forestrv for 10
:ears. see.:n of which he serv'ed
r'i chairman. '

For this work. Mrs. .lenIngss
recev'edl a citation flameri u,
c\lvress, ash, oak and pine from
the rssoclation. Eich side of
the frame Is done in a different
.wood
Lait y'-ar. Mrs. Jenningcs vis
named "Woman of the Year' bv
the Siroptimist Club of Jackson-
ville
She vas an orgardizer 'if the
Duval County Federation of
Wonimn's Clubs and a,-r'ed as
n:itiuii-il ;ve president of the


Genclal Federation of Woman's
Clul?- as well'as president of the
state assoCiation.
She worked for the establish-
rnint of the YWCA. served as a
iiembner of the boaid of direc-
tor, for four years, and was
chairinan of the constitution
nnd lv.-lp.vs committee.
rl'u Jennings is a former vice
pre.sclent of the Florida State
Hi-torical Society.
Her contributions to the ctlv,
state and country ranse ovbr
main decades and touch many
fields of endreao.or The organ-
i]ntenns and projects shp has
vcioked for have never been
paswiig faicies but have re-
mained cs a permanent. and ar-
cepteo part in the liveF of every
citizen of acksionrville and.of
the state of Florida.


Inauguration Dress
Mrs. N S. Jenniigs, onE f thP state's most ncrlve w.orkPrs,
has manm plea.:ant m rrnoiles but the picture aoove brings
back one of her mo:t dear r membranese. Mrs. Jenni.'s is
sho-'n in the most fpihionable attire of the time on the day
her husband too office as goeinor of Florida in 1901.
-- ~Y








Inauguration Dress
irhs. \V S. Jenrings, on. l the state's no-.t r.rl,'e workers,
hasr mRanv pleasant mle'nriules bltt the picttue aoov'e brings
back one of her mnot dear rememnbranres. Mrs. Jenruntus is
sho' n in toe mioet fashionable attire of the time on the day
her husband toos: oirhe as go,,eanor of Florida In 1901.


SUNDAY.I' OCTOBER 6, 1137


EIGHT












Soroptomist J nternHatiolal
of Jacksonville


Womanof the Var


]n recognition of outstaning seaiice to her community tis~ afoarb
is presented to


Mrs. b1. jennings



PIhasoe effort and accomplie ment present a challenge to the citizens
of ]acksontille ab pulital fonntV for continue progress

A. .Dated this 22nd day of October, 1956


'/ .. -


PRESIDENT
SOROPTOMIST INTERNATIONAL OF JACKSONVILLE














m d.cur.t e i.y,.r..k r nc


'Jsta ( fLub of t. jdtersburg, la.
0-. / V W2/
C j- :/)(J(~/ f /~ ((j~ / (j


4~ ~f4j (~2{( (gp~' 7 //e~.9j ~7/ ,f (/~~I ~f~'a/e.


2


M N PERKINS C IAWDRNCE MAS






l rIntiurity ot f Niluriba
at its
Gentrnnial gelebration
prrro ig confers
this
fitth I
Gertifniate of ferit
upon

Ag sltitn Anm inningg
iror outstainding leaberntip an hbfitiguisb


serbit to


1~resibent


iiben t is
tfhentietl4 bag of ,ffarrry, 1953
at (ainesefille, 3iloriba


to people of ,loriba












RESOLUTION
unanimously adopted at
STATEWIDE BEAUTIFICATION CONFERENCE
sponsored jointly by
BEAUTIFICATION COMMITTEE
FLORIDA STATE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
FLORIDA FEDERATION OF GARDEN CLUBS
FLORIDA FEDERATION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS
DAYTONA BEACH
JULY 30, 1954


The Beautification activities of the Florida State Chamber

of Commerce date back to 1921 and, since 1927, it has sponsored such

statewide Beautification meetings as this conference, holding, that

year, seven regional meetings throughout the State.

The importance of roadside and community beautification has

long been recognized in this great tourist state whose natural

glories have been maintained and expanded to justify our claim to the

title "America's Most Beautiful State."

Down through the years, no one person has contributed more

to the success of this Beautification movement than the ever-blooming

hardy perennial who is our chairman that lovely First Lady who once

graced the Governorts Mansion in Tallahassee Mrs. W. $. Jennings of

Jacksonville.

In grateful recognition of a lifetime devoted to the beauti-

fication and general improvement of Florida, for her untiring and unre-

lenting efforts to make and keep Florida Beautiful, for her leadership,

for her inspiration to succeeding generations and for her great and

lasting accomplishments -

BE IT HEREBY RESOLVED THAT THE members of the Beautification

Committee of the Florida State Chamber of Commerce and those of cooperat-


Al' I I









-S-





ing organizations who have worked with her in such harmonious relation-

ship down through the years, and all those in attendance at this state-

wide conference to further those ends to which she has devoted herself

so generously for nearly half a century salute irs. Jennings with a

rising vote of thanks with the sincere wish and prayer she be spared

to her beloved State of Florida for many more useful, fruitful years.




FU-ikIDA STATE CAiMBER OF CWiERCE
BEAUTIFICATION COMrITTES



Executive Vice President


I I .





2 4-_*%.- s" -'* -- ** -- --- -
S fl yt AJitia anam jalig was bena April 25th. 1872 in Ceaterville,sWe
IFersoryByae proveoneear Bergen oinat, Her father and Nether rmvew to
Crystal River.Plerid a an iapg gr+ve a mile fre the villageia 1874.
Stay Jenalisg was raised and educated in Florida.She was the eldest of
five children ,three daughter mad two seasbt ealy Mrs. Race Mana Bell
also living near Jacksonville ,at Neptune Beaehand Mrs. Jenaings ar
living.However ,there is a half brother ,Austai S.Nara Jr,,liTving
Mrs, Jeasings either died tha she was inae years old aad with her Fwang
sister Grace ,weuo sent to St. Jeseph's Coaveit ,*tAuvg;ast xaie ae she
war eleven..l 188 she graduated with a degree as valedieterian of her
slass.She wa five pld medals for out i vork and tie fr two
thezrV hboors. She return d the fellowtag year for peat graduate work
and seatitued with the ruired, eourar.alse Prewmhbpy lIamzovie art and
frian delorkEst i hish she had the gddaat of Prafht an.aN5er lanug
rl dars a ,as the first lady of Floridawas BtnmsBnd ta lwee that she
madf with No.1000 lines thrdao er omnaaeg~r llamas are the pride *o her
home as well as Iher paiatiagpE he is a great lever of birds ad plant
life.
Ia 1931 John B,.at~sem University of DeAtassfenorred n a May Mtan
Jonaa gs the haomeary degree of Deter of Law- 'I.L.D.e.Thra the yearw
she hba specialized In legislatle a d in making the)f award the late Dra,
Lioaeela H ulley,-said that he was amaferria g the degree for diastiangathet
Sserieo to Flerida upe aoe hte had deaterd eore laws than any sem
else in the State.rs. Jeni~nga is a Bap tilst
Governor aanings and family m*de their home in Brrekavillo ,loeri
fram 1891 untl. he was elected Goverrner in the all eo 19is f when they
*moved to Tallhbasee for the four year teraeoaing to #acke;rville to
rmid* l 1905.Bevernor J mas ng father nad Willtam Jsaa ng Brya' a mnoth-
or woe biwthor nad ister a ad these two dist Ilu shed first oeawst
w~ere always very eloesohataig btee raised Lely twelve mils apartl Mr.
Brynm titled his mothers asides amne and Oweenr A -rS. JIaniangs
sia eoarlet the S ryan naue,r0seraer alnaag asoeempsated r. ari er
hi tr.p thru the States ia his l t eampetg, for prestdet.
o -





9wimewr atiag Mat aS. at.mteI r&rurwt nnefy 80 r w, l4ea
















S a ne? V" , "r pyteaaer of M.e
OIewAn PAfslsnta a aI e a0e ftme L" nsg bee pwaHnetdt MeW


deem .X* 0a. Sam4 ast bar thatoi pa*as sWe b 3stt whi easNO aa m lM
the M)g wma atf tbhe eeavenatsa.





aarps of )sLgtaItt and aeat be to alanise fl durt eaSfA wf S
of that measle to seause *a approplatim of V .flONO.O&evr sewtea*c
the appreptatla md "atde the aptang of et OItletd eap to
retipatla tf MUM rs ent enansib. e SanS eesdd. to huis adm
MA eamt her ndrtla aas tahe rltm ts wash hi. demand a4k On of te
etAr mebm e t awd ian asim dtcht thoy ad12k. nawmr stead te
Mfl sat appfrTteda flrtend trir. hi hosme tam emctetwI Seianim at We
spent *0.0WOO vf te isppr3pautu In hgalafee. thea1t te yean a
stilltl u deinIteo stap tcain Zoa U4e eacqutia Oxt ei& Park lasaike
r". xtaeo Ss cctlaintt aher Ai=ftue Ler hti creatine &tfh ea pearl
Wosil one of
beltltag it Wf be@Ah seatest &.eqpiatenB to few Stais ta4 aqtraen
ties..
s.. renee alp Kra*. alagse reem loa siet we
eut AaeMOIete a it a eaSpatp to b meptify lm#fj urf etgpass #aflR
,tlttlh iides the Maia part at das taem fekesulle taw 8pragge .
The Creek wtad ts thi the 4Oui Se a 4itse eaA A halt bakn It Ses to
to toe F. amom iYt9he Asseat In made MaP. lteianfti liamoeXet.
wmted IS yam beate nm r t aw samed a bhat ls3etta AiM a nit mlU.Im
defUrs for the pat *at SB toe te pyawn aM bWfta t od&y et p r *
aedo the city aossaiaslea to n0lX tOw toate aft Ia"n :Ia v rst JnotfiagR
tally msenrd tae esgtmeer fted fe ste nwea eat it iasm e meaetm
the amet Mtstanfdiag waft at s ntd Ia thi tale math wft M wit h Ust
b ba&eeaBenete lk/ fEa11hlstes and lSltting -aatc. beaamt tabtl
tbars the U pptye aprlangsttd lnnnat A&seaiattai saum a"ad Eataoev.
snemlags a abrle to Bdedato At theeat tf apval eat 9sa tog m0 4e
itfats.e ea& s A.t.
b i s the al. au Itfey SUfaONSlbm Ateunatiea a
*rmpasei st repene toe peptiar d60A" with 1rs. Jag ass e m eat theof
leadig pIrtSaIfte mf e afteBra at ae presitwet and has senrsd 1 Weans.
The AieMsLa ittm has meh waer to ne ermsaufuag thee amlk tapeteat
weastU api; t m-m aeaze






LS ales of the KtmRtfb Deal of rans iawRseam f5ree t nalwgrdi ad Paro beaI. taUt Uiet w fft PSet
SalLtef wwse f tsSeas8 e I the ttle be five mULM Ot 100 ft. fAStAs eS-My
atr a mL er the Seah tath 1T lSd the Dsees kRst Ortwig metat
Even et a Md L ass of 20A0 ft. -t for Veg ae to as0 tM att*
at ne. ar oi PWSA eanItae.tlt e "o wI s I auig o W sM ate a peek.
tho AszociatAI a 414 the isaItUi wo an itvnd SMf ;gps4*d.ta bSa mt eiS St
the freat Or tUe Air fe at t teawal see aof 0*.,CW 0 -C.j.A fltgs at
still nata&aia -uemsvern a perld4 ct 6 ye ars ith matehiSa faads ftr
P2.&A.CA. Aad Jp VA. gJafinteAwv tunSed an amL*t4iy atty 4a
ts at l& y $0 so a3p city pas (ettrtiag Ss oegetar tn.'ris wiUl
lrepeSa4t S O8a.0fl4") 4 lmaeast &s ag m tL MIatnh sre d eunt.
Lre, Je^niips I as k aPdBt Dmesst M e _gntal the first ce0awe
Detacratic Club it the Stataina 0ckaervllebesae Bm wm gsnOtu
saffoktge1uAt a tLhe time could sot aseept the prnltde7 a* anm *tter cb1lttIISaetfh l lab ltefw GanOLO to fuastiM ae .snvnl S.wm ..
'a nre ramiad It Zmw 1Z a ad aece3d& ortrw as tohe iMstf
Watieal
Waa na.TheyJ hold aBebwrlap as: or War*e/l eseti* Club Inf tfLtS
eS D*C..he etal 0G1 has to its aretl* a rge part to te .spaty to
weare vottag saMhmea fr the county as) the flimiat les ao te ps tiseC
of diLtribuatag a3 ondI&%t ltwetatr at the PUiasg plMeeeakh Mi *
S a csumLttee of fifty emUn to wOt with tbt 9e1w eas0itte tsr the
teaa of 1l100,000 to Wbas I aud nsi9red tar the lae Itsa exf m
Ut4es aUffallatl dUlarf4vl Ati If*l timlea as sB bag beea preLdta& wer siwe. the 3rnofiImR t i=a at the Club to SFIr W
WgpEn. Zealinap helpeS ster tbe law gsntblna neoattes eat umtyaitl
Itlmo Aatberity to. bay wtelag BafC labat It va seem yenw bsehae a
eald get her eImaty to ute them nd bew sweaml Other ha e telm. m6e
JnaubI t t to ut4 the PlodS Lestel atue to awt tr t.anat i
givTg the vote to musm btt it as sw i c< bet t t l11 Wat
Ika~l^






whan the mattleehp Florids was put out orf t e ata eLramx ricOr.

Ienmtagen uooeded In eoliatlag the help of hih officials *ad *searo
to
the reaum If Pflridaf of the t$,O000 ilvwr serves give ly the LogLi
latp .Thoe slver new belong the State etd Is kept la the OwveraSer

ra. Jeim ngs helped Ruth Bryn Owe In all three of her eftas~al
for engreus and bad Mi1 ca erge et Dvawl Cr.nty.

Era. Teatngs t e v.ee pre4atnt of tie Pftertt State Histeriesl
Stclety has charge of the Old Spaiatfh Mission arnd trtle vnMora near I re
snyn .R*otUh are proparty f th Steet7fl. thall nand Is 0said tso I
the largest tn the state end as usad b-O t1h'e atIpsaears ago,


















.4


z A,






~~~tti 3ii pr






______ _~LL.~ ____ __. __ __ ___ _
F A









____________- Ai~S. W.S. _JENN~INGS-
4L4










r'_INE TBER OF THE EVERGLADES NATIONAL PARK COMMISSION FOR A TERM

OF FOUR YEARS FF'ROM T7~lE TW6ET SEON s iDAY OFAPRILA A D. 19~46 ___~_






. . . . . .-
_MRS. W. S. JENNINGS
01 1W Ol

,vi:/~.,/ kli/u' in. /a, ef)/lebvfiAt l/l .,41cr)1//1' tfI" e. blie ~




tn )b /I l 4,41 iY t en Me 4).'a f







Me --lord el IIIIIII deel'(/ Jtttk' 1







ni-
41/(1 i/'V? //w -Ye lftfel ), /V .u/ MRS. W. S. JENNINGS

I le, W'I' ./1/ ____ ____ MEMBER ff)1l/. 4

ell 0 Aj tl(,hA, l wl, ,fIll) K I Il ,,, tff 11/k, trf7l)fltl1J






an in en 6 (4 ere~i/n leliaaw/ ng lheree,ei A fU fin,~1



)~//4~ III TALLAHASSEE, THE CAPITAL., ~

TWi.TY ECO1D 4,A/1y AEB(L 6 Y /Y'46,






BY THE GOVERNOR, A
f

SECPETAPYVOF -T-,TE *d O/ERNOR OF' FLOPnOA











A
M!R WI.LUA} SRERW9T Jmfl i0r,

PirLst Wl0e President of the
Gene ral Fadru'i.icl oitf Woien,a Colubi*














Tlv' 1uForidcL Feder .i. c f to Oit Cauco

ia honored in oresentin6Lt the

Fiit Viae Prtasi'rtent of the

fh G .' i.d Fe*idsRtin cif Weojin's s1th
uor z .Aot-l'. to tPiwi wreiinoy

;at the Hisan.Ot:. Conrenti.n

June# intteaetn ThundxA r twli niy-cur

Lea Arveles, Oniftornia.*


r I













Mis. WtIlla hberaan Jennings (gay Auntin Mwann) Faloriats

candidate for election an Preii.lent Of the GOneral Fe.Wraltion of
Wo;.Von'01 luoa at thB Biennial Convention, Los Anflesa, O.-ifc.rnia,









of j,,cod roaal ti*, Hr mnother; El1,aiieth Ra'hel Kliru H .,rmn, i< bLcr;n
ia P.nn ilvrt 0; bct' ,ide Yri. 4r i'i.un is dtoea iAinlet fron
Aisat i uii ed oloniA I tl .nolo-t ryr
In 2-4J,3'.la Tai-.u t;iesr# Aun 1inr 3. M'-tlm av atto :!V6.of t0iL.L

1c1-0L,-ias %iR3 ctr f o im d1i.tiri.ot9 ..0nd WHi' 10 ans Wi' *,L. 4'' bln.
Thoif *ertaid '.A.ief.. t:i M1 innlt.v oC h'wr exaoptihonal oas.ree of Wvid -
xSArlinWUee a tr.tiieIfd useiafulnewaf.
Du1, r, ttat B.c' F. aar ix ".~Ili S er.:in Si;ri ,ar Int

-.: 'vorn r !llflrtia, ncwe to Flor:: aa a D.4s vUt dan dd titrrt to

bom0 r- ne tf F" ,.Lritae eT.~,teit luo.-norns, serVlint ftEr. 1;'01 to Thbfir WcDi, 3hs?,jan B3rytuI Jennirts, who is cne of tN pQrcw i4iy, ung;

dl'-r-' in te1 3tAfs, tu id ho serven.d r t xhe 1av7 duriL, (the It i
th@ tAt t'i- otf .r.. J,'linfl. iLs .three b rutiVuIl WrA b.'doair.,n
It tai Cr j'TtmoZ JenqriL me a a-ag toe to the loi;A.11 tue in
J203 tW.i .titrt rfcbofr-''-.,.iC t"' ,r t .A ta e Land reol: ti.-1 A" Q t1I

'v-'rhi jv.r .e 0 ".: s tf tfl .t e ttei 't luviertx't'lite orf it3 ktr id iL tIt CL .

Aftv .". 'aY i, iat kcr'Ev frN the IIt At P(- ..tetA 0 . L..A tA : i' .3. I,. in

Otb'iatrt ;i Jaul e -i t-w rClvWlys 4 ' l i ni *' < 1 i.O oJ-1ut,
toi.ll ', uLcu43 .ai li'.y for ''e !80'O f QU.* I t- iti *it' .4jtot.r.
Ti-rotLhout CoV',to Jtin. ,"ti 1 lc.n; vji :er'ior to Fy ..: l~ ..

Je.nniri,s'.x ',2 u hr hu 'nrd tri '.ht h',vn1:t I6 i '- :'o t. kipea:v. hiu,'j4 Li

ta ts .in, ..j: et .'::l .,is r i altw, e.. ,P ubl." o .ti.!" ..r. t, . Aert.' ,*i tht
'rr love oi hoIse *uLl ita intaelSt. IhI is a L i. u .InL sIeIlltfui. L

-h tea9ls iK.ine 'i.% -i tt'IO Dc-th fnl hosap talityA) 'ii Lf a 'tAldiar b i.f 'tie
"ceati ..utdoir', a sr't.jniiaed \ih ority on ftre tr;y a.rviut Ocwix30vat.itcn,









having a-Ted to ? FlriA, VIAn the country 't la'aLS fr;;l P..21r State

Park, which is bte. greatwitUt tropical junr.le in the ITited Utn;to.. 'hfo

is in ailition a lover of mnuato pfintirn;, floiero h;a ,ardrn of

lilleai la a joy to "*hold.

Rer "on-(derfu2l ttot aIn intuitLicn werr iLnvAJtalule to Go" v.sT.cr

Jo il3La, ju'5t i a4 the ta.ininc itn olitieo &tce raoetowe d frnri his, and 4r
fherit &.i n." iru ia')ale to her, ir; thw vyst i.a:t of olub *rck w hi

entered 0'* re 0c.. )0j' SoC JAlfrtt%\a1' detIh. do r4+ b proud 0 i.er th',vl'.'cf tn

her dpipl'x oy .Ll di.i 3anrnrienit; her zreaiy power of .p)re'catti.on itfnl
aen-tc r c - tir Cefixi -'-flc.k Vit r itierC'S

It 'f Mrot. si'rdlnI 02Clut Se 0abild.It.,' p t WU.S ui--' <

statt@ r. nuticn a3 :L''1 i n: :m r *icju;'.'.e f s fr c ,t.puty ; *!K *1. hhiSsj .2 to inutu^ut LA Alt I Q:ttyL t4' a iuco iiftul 3 ;aolud.' ;h@

8a.asain ton Vfo "r: .A. Vci'ltPdntt by Prnfis.int 7Urd)1 l- of ;'iri. T:.k.* G



i'xas. ur.,;j%.l
-it- v, z t oh-r 3i ct.iO r- ina th4 s L ;nul.i.i Aii -e n .at

it 'z atll*' i': : 1b in h.: of poitio il tr.r2tini, a t ei.r; .r. hi

. l o t.Jr. TIr ''w 'r FJ. d td ? n'r-.!r r e 'e .it tr trh -L'..r 1;I XM 1. ian

a *:-i 4i.i '. Cf q val.S *i 13.i.tie fror. v '*' k o' 1. o o L >i. wtift -E
Arnc o.ih.: l.ait 0A *e n e. .1i L or PI r1- P(octa V45.,

Iff Maeflr S3.-l-irL -<9 is tliqea
of "'*. r",3 (lixbo, 1:. i i ra tnor on' ferried i .n hes, "l.? l -A v oviaL\ni t V .-i

Ib th;, fo t .O countri of t;e joyi3. "*irt t*e *tpi h el..) t.kn in
iFs--: a. t -fr .. o.cr" i-A t C. .ntptod I!s t u .a


I I I I




-, L. -. -Pt .




MS. JEINZl!s3 9TVAnD ON T!W MO T IMPcRTANT

NATI(IAL 13T'FS.

"Pryusne nt World Na@e LJit ursndoubcPAi1y thl. pert...iSCv't I.nte 'nf-l

UtL'r:i tsinie. Our ureateta ntA u.n na 4 .'tion i-t ta n t lcatiLA.

f'.*or in t)w r-m. a- ni'o t, owrscr.l t -liS nd. ?That. t-,e uq i~n '.z tf -.r -of

thic -rld l.our, i onoaelrat. upof thia -1neiron until S. 1 ,e? r el~t fi Lcn

shlip v N. A .. n irh A .*i ,.l e.. e 1t :;i :;.l tZ-' it. d.

9-?s a.ivOOLt1re thi"e 0strtanaa OC f thme Unitet.d StutaiW Lnto Vt.-

World Court.

Raecniet, law ;-iforoirnrmti't as 11 i tt ,..- t.- Li.'A. -

1yt1.n ptinoipla u0o V4.Ptth otfl:aimflt rjOf 5.A to bF t'io t. .
,the
F..,yor int rn.. i.t~n- oo-o:,' r t .: n / n lj:e., r n -... f sLi

cf *o...ro:i '" io d t i. opiumi t'. it'.e-va


Th,- taBI to arn it\ a FederAA D' -.-rtnr t of ?t. k!' v : w th


The a.rK. aS L :L.t i-01 -j ft: 'I .. nt jj
G -,t.,A' tz *. r t. t5uJ .z :eullL 'u-.olt CVbit t.2.. L sCd.
Tt UiLf'r? W.teeri e anri Diwcroe A^-i* :tr
3 bll- a1 O ibi''l an; Isa! lu'tci L o' jl r- :-"iA. '".. .t I
? i. soE ; :1 oaform tory for Y. 1', f;n@ fi.-t .. .'4 :.n%.t ; .0M
dt r.oaope:. A of 1^ w;*iet erploy.reitt f* e.?r! Fe?. LrL-1 .i. i 2 er.

Prohibt!b'- C'tl.oera .ini ^?Trt^ to tnd t ;pe 1 ^n3A li Ai!l-t- 0l>i.'


T'> :to^ .: 8i 1 S. i1l1 ^ "To .Pw eL. F:r r e*-- :ro-t '.:>1- c.o
F.rsit l1.i.d i, fr Sfo t h Ltj a o tn '. .ienn d li .alre'a .f.t V r
etn I' :' f7t0A1ti,-* :1ni for oth fe n'..ces in
zj'.e to ,..'i'cc t th'. *. .::*4lti oPi u. .rc;cUOtit. .l .i ./ v .:
i--id' *hie ) .i3 *Vi.ta3'il*' t forV
r .i s n,j a C,w..'ft>'- it Re erv tir n i'tr t !1 1 *.rs ;?. ai,.u4.- .
'f $ I. V
V.ii.ayl on ;aOOO t f v t .e,:0 .t ~ a.leui to tia &' a :. ;inn: 1

A r'i.'frer*o Ct the ur^e o* ati't 'jtia-ott.h t M..w. (Lv. 0fL
AX1:t.uoky ths GX1v!-"re 1t as .1 N.Si r I pIA rk.


In Mr"'. n'id.Xj;t I'1r..: .Lpcft as Dir ;f zeo2' Ett l-- Xsm ion
Fjj'niL .2 Work, nI'tt :n e'ov drl'd' thn n icr lo iirient -of theM t11%-
o,-nant of hluoolo t1hoals *y v.'.-ttl- t- ?be f.i.rrd4l, ifltrts-:t of
t1 t'ra ou -tr.. !t,, w ir t, r. in tort':, i, that t he
A' oluticn Wi Ls fi'dnJly rO'isnteld 'nd ufiinLwuly :AT'o,.'ti, bty
t). ii Ccienrito.ri 'The *ise- ew t p' n, C' Z^. hilt byi'i .
iiar 80-ti" unO-v*&it i.tu;K-

0:-. J'sin.ln jr iL unal'.eritly op;oiet V- t'iN F''ri' Q OotI.u-
t.- na.L r.s"mn>drlitet inrcrn ati the 'TI itanket A 's.*itr.0ri^nt* Ewctir: .
)FlNo viaiJ ir i i '.*a heave w nd *.L 8 tbr: U.R. L.l; Ii itet







1
St.hhtS aand ev-Ary 7 .:1Wv .. ',bjeOt I flis Juri.t-o'.

ad'er-2 3rle ijuattn for te. prot5otstrln of ijcorrr uanlt chl.t--ivtn,
s onralcetd by ici an c r rL'JLaQi't .a IoIeve'riT a (iio~Ld i f Ly.ay
yeottard nck r i 'urd 1! cf eAxotdinOly doubtful b1i" nIt.
othe)1rWte
In the icfrt urisiaL of the vvorld' hlvitory,r id '***r acar8d4Ir

-nto, t"-. -'h a llro t0i.. of i 1 i'. trainlnr and sr erLila, aw'r' 'n

Sre 'i f! th. dutI N of las-elhlp. In tte (1utt.i cf th.? treMr:. ouf






dt,m. ::,l uui.i l2 t nt 2V t r bu s- .ual 4 sli i d Ii of *ti. 1O

f 2. ai r 4- Y:h oifl i "a i:twlti *tn4 ';. t thiail iitn ;.*.

t L.thb t.Ai'sl (r- alo- Llyi 4 i*- a Rtr:GeuP lewa ci.] rl n .q y. trul

j :b .C* *. tii e itesaun ai;eid tn b)ro^A eiyfr-P^0 b :it1t "*<.*'* -:K ti cir

!5r6. sJ4n.i: ta 9r *:5 :W b th0 MYojrtan of ti h<-V, jfi i (1 l&l
1 i A ,. y .,. '"n:', .i. 3. (- CIQ *.0 ...A t. .. .j, -- .'..^ .r

&t'.is a t AiS ,L?-A .? Pr'-tl>, .n. oit Y. C \-.l ";::l.?o of -'.. I8



Fiorld. a' asi r. i. Oaf Y.I* -".n "-01;,

Mr -.. T, Pioton, ..i:,..', GC r a *c!t o:.. d..*,


Mr. r *l, Bineteen tnwilc.ei tLfentny-four.

O lrJ .l3C, rnJ J'1i 1.


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TRIBUTE TO MRS. W. S. JENNINGS
CHAIRMAN, BEAUTIFICATION COMMITTEE
jAT ANNUAL MEETING OF THE
DUVAL COUNTY HIGHWAY BEAUTIFICATION ASSOCIATION
JACKSONVILLE IMESON AIRPORT
FRIDAY, JUNE 28, 1957


As you all know, there was a character in American
pioneering days known as Johnny Appleseed who traveled the newly
blazed Oregon trail---planting apple seeds from the mid-west to
the Pacific. Today, the great states of Oregon to Washington are
among the greatest apple producing states in the nation.

Pioneers of this state, including some of my ancestors,
carved a civilization out of the swampy, infested jungle that once
was Florida. They cleared the land, drained the swamps, built
roads and railroads--and darn near denuded much of our natural
beauty. That was the ruthless age of destruction--cutting the
timber and not replacing it.

Then came the invasion of early settlers and spoilers,
always taking and never giving--destroying and not restoring; and
they were followed by hordes of what we might call long distance
picknickers, who left their litter along our roads, in our parks
and beaches, and added disorder to the other problems of a fast
developing state.

One of the pioneers who saw these trends, who saw the
natural beauty of our state being swiftly decimated, saw our highways
and beaches littered with trash and rubbish, decided to do something
about it.

She was then the First Lady of Florida, the lovely bride
of Governor W. S. Jennings, and who has during the last half=century
done more as an individual to beautify this state than anybody else.
She launched a program that finally developed into the statewide
Beautification Program---and through her inspiration and leadership
she stimulated activities in every county and sizable community
in Florida.

Since its inception, Mrs. Jennings has been the Chairman
of the State Chamberts Beautification Committee and during mahy of
those years has been the sparkplug of the Duval County Highway
Beautification Association that has been responsible for the
planting of countless trees, shrubs and plants along our highways,
boulevards and parks including the lovely gardens here at the airport.

She is a member of the Executive Committee of the Keep
Florida Beautiful Committee, one of the leaders in this nationwide
movement to Keep America Beautiful, and Chairman of Highway Clean-Up
and Beautification.

Her tireless energies seem never to flag, in fact they
appear to multiply with the years as she takes on greater re-
sponsibilities--bigger and better projects--and accomplishes
greater results.


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Like Johnny Appleseed, the gracious lady continues to
sew the seeds of beautification, making not only Duval County,
but all of Florida the most attractive state in the Union. We
are indeed fortunate to have her head up our Beautification
Committee down through the years--and all Florida is lucky to have
had the benefit of her talents and efforts in maintaining and
improving upon the natural beauty that has made Florida truly
the garden spot of America.

Florida--and Duval County, especially--owe a debt of
gratitude to Mrs. Jennings that never can be repaid. Her reward
is in the personal satisfaction of a job well done, and the
knowledge that futureigenerations will bless her memory.

















Q(grtifirate of Awarb


llips Qirtifies tEat




In Recognition of Distinuished Ahiernwiccn in
Founder and President 19 years of
Duval Co nty Dpmnn.nrat.i 'nCron Inc.
Charter: June 29, 1935
and by Recommendation of the Committee on A wards
has been Granted this Certficate.
Giwn at J-cks onville Florria this 8thday of A1glist. 1976


e silent
DUVAL CCOUI!TY DEliOC-, ATIC V'iliF;'i TIIC'.


Seomin








ALkiAIgZ 81
W8.0L4Y COLlJ
IELLUTIVT VICE PASSZDIRS
AE~l~iAr SrTATl &J1Ak4IJW OP) C;O#~aaL1L
AT
UNDICr; TIA OP Tf NA3Y JLfNANSO tloi14-AL



It to altesether fitting that we aShal be hot* today

#*.wiaLs mse. U4 6. JeawnLB -- FPlorida's Arcbitect of *e~vttfioitkla.

Mws, Jenniags ably 6*6tLSeof bog lastly and heir basabaed'

suoewb spirit of d4*;edlct& to public o.vLce Lto the botteff.esut of

*A t*at*** a*0 this aommusitty.

As you kmsw, hort husbeae as* 5*Y*Ueo Of Plta cid ft.

901 to 2905 &U4 bat1 .tbe, Ausatinla as me, 0a0 mt O*st ilaeltruatal

to drawing uYp *ra 1pruevt *talke com*tLtvt#*s bat Iater heeo", kanow

as pleraf sas "Itather ot fOsee road4* *, t was a noble tradilLeo 852 0m0

that resebed aqotler mova to the Aife of May monoQ jeustago.

After Gesetsev rsjeuamge* 4#eth to 1*092, plovidA *be*assm be

Itie; it*S grtotb, oeatififleatief tad deuelqoue:t SHr loses.

I so particisrlly $ratatefux fr the Ihmer Of 6pestiag bere

toder about tbLa great ZS,4y* *:he* was very active La te IAgWasxtaetiom

I represent sad very CIO**a to the boasts of our *tell sd mbeea.

pa 106Z tte PFloe ild Stato ChGA6br *U1 COSIaeRC LU a effort

to isdLate its. Aimeereat appreatetLOO f#1 heir vidiny Bad vatio

services &ade nAt* Jeunninse so buonaary ALI* mob *. *all tim.

ecesaie 44th m beze~*xp ev*r granted -m mad heomrery csharsam of

the state Chabobr'os Ueutiti*'rction Commlittee I a hener 1,eva

besrteweg ~Str~a~o ows la~ze.t

$he initiated and co*utlsimed "iOti, just shortly before hot

death ou the evo of ber utg*ty-.frst birthday a pzegroa of ciaaming


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WfV ardt -cpFetr-s It'O&l irn prtvt &~eg@stV at, wall iat~*weetrw 1

to 1. clvtli fsplrtda's psart is tht #oep AerM C, heaiatifuV taicpoiae

At$ lentinsg' to ltt to coastin; tohe aeti iaupport

of level chambers of 6*000rte, WoNs*%* club., *erdest cluba and

*-otbo*t Ojalartiasast* W*s* te o et that today prattteelay ***&I

teoweaftty to orpida boa a prorso of 0 a1 iaprosost 0*4 bDevtttteeteu.

to.we for a *-*went asod taisk boto foewtisset we at* to have had sod

to costiame to Aw s, to *"Sold benffts of this wassate Mow,*Meut.

There are *t*#m Oilos of plosttd rtseotd., sllisna of

*tre. mad ceiuntloa s seks which utlaE net be *deist to 5* esidt~s

**total b#*IAy were it not for her tirre).ea efforts to behalf of

be eat if is alit tow.1

4,7r hesolftieut inflimf1nu wea esp~ectolly felt to this

are0 ttrouOh the 1000 wireless SCst. 60s served as pt*eidet 44

the r.,val tzounty Highway goosottiestgto Assoetiatot., The superb

work of this Organwiation wouleaa net a*** bwou possible Vstthwt

het gaideoct *od s9ytteiic les4.frship.

MWs. JeORItOgS 0144, sP*1t Of heir Vast *tore of *.erqy is

the vital area of slab&*u~. 'taore bits special $*aim& ta

eavideo e, w We teaehrg t tkt soa *e OUy fewudod Sa o Duvsl County

podegsttesof *t -oemeloe Club but succeeded to thi* roaarboble took

while serving os pr*Lestfet of the plead Po Federation of woaea'

clubs. I~fte *too d6rved a6S vice president or the XSSIatte l Pedesrttin.

perhapo one of Ass. josuings* sost **table vadertehtapS

befols w-A s&he festerd ie y al ale $to t* e ka eatoot Eeaesootea

AoYal, P'ls f itate ax% latex kve ga* V *idpiqicant Part of the

Lvarglad6+r XOttrnk*X ?*eke, Florida"* only pat Artaiest park.


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rladaim her liletisia X EAt.iv *- i such de..rwc d itcsgas.tion

aS aun doctor of ltaws 1*u ft efro stetsofi 4%iewett ,P *I

1145 she Ids$ thi 4 jti4* Clorp of jocafsOvitllt's ",Ao&" of the



Are, jeint*#) was *s,* a LIeagor to *.cIurIef peasoo .o

lWsf oCretiwt the F1*riet* aa0r$ .* oforestry*, nottaitming sa interest

totbls *rto o esibit@4d by bet hbSRAd dturts. b# dbmriamet*VLto vOUr.

"lo tWide reags; tinteresat &na jeeu stwo .ed Abf Let*

**tttit Oreflting to tbl*I **tsbjeIe h 8ent IS Of *L t TYCWA 004 bee

servtet Ista that O*taimlaaties as 0 **..tr of tIk booed of Ettst4*t

9114 tbo fonstit'Att*8 t6a by-10sns Committe*@

JMirit Jeat00ngs alan woo a Vigo pzaitaqat of tbe FIo vdai

State HisIoria.1 t-osLetv Oat wao Ifor ntaot*OU 7.re8r prsoaloart of

the ftuvel County Domoefatetl 0*mena, 1"C.

Lae1tie oavd It ia sote tkan fittieg that we

33oner #bie &us* aubo lbago@d in- so, iss areas without ragaid to the

tise, effort 0,0 4 "r*ty rqiuttdo !40 was truly a Lady of cimea"a

now fartutlate We *11 ae tat*A# Erb causes wexe the gao*"# that baoe

reaxAted tr iv waso I j? b.e*tI* for to $$a PV polv


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HOUSE CONCURRENT RESOLUTION NO. 1196


A CONCURRENT RESOLUTION EXPRESSING DEEP SYMPATHY AND
REGRET OVER THE PASSING OF MAY AUSTIN MANN JENNINGS.


WHEREAS, the late May Austin Mann Jennings has continuously
served the people of the state of Florida for more than half a
century, and

WHEREAS, the late May Austin Mann Jennings fostered the
development of what grew into the Everglades national park, and

WHEREAS, miles of planted roadsides, millions of trees, and
countless parks would not be visible to tourists and residents
had it not been for the untiring efforts of the late May Austin
Mann Jennings, and

WHEREAS, the late May Austin Mann Jennings was the one civic
leader primarily responsible for securing the passage of the law
creating the present Florida board of forestry, and

WHEREAS, the late May Austin Mann Jennings served so gra-
ciously and ably as the first lady of Florida during the adminis-
tration of her late husband, W. S. Jennings as governor during
the period from 1901 to 1905, and

WHEREAS, the late May Austin Mann Jennings has given so
freely of her time, talent and efforts in a multitude of good
causes throughout the years, and

WHEREAS, the late May Austin Mann Jennings has been honored
by a doctor of laws degree from Stetson University and by being
named the woman of the year by the soroptimist club of Jackson-
ville, and

WHEREAS, the late May Austin Mann Jennings was an organizer
of the Duval county federation of woman's clubs; served as
national vice-president of the general federation of woman's
clubs as well as president of the state association; promoted
the establishment and served on the board of directors of the
Jacksonville young women's christian association; served as
vice-president of the Florida state historical society and as
president of the Duval county democratic women, incorporated;
and, served also as chairman and chairman emerita of beautifi-
cation for the Florida state chamber of commerce among her many
and varied worthwhile activities, and

WHEREAS, the people of the entire state of Florida mourn
the loss of a warmly dedicated woman of rare charm, inteli-
gence and leadership of the highest order who built an enviable
record of good works, NOW, THEREFORE,

BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE STATE OF
FLORIDA, THE SENATE CONCURRING:

That on behalf of the people of Florida this legislature
does unanimously express to the family of May Austin Mann Jen-
nings its deep and earnest sense of regret and heartfelt loss
at her untimely passing.

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that a copy of this resolution be
forwarded to the family of the late May Austin Mann Jennings.




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