Title: Miscellaneous Newspaper Clippings
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00091224/00001
Finding Guide: A Guide to the May Mann Jennings Papers
 Material Information
Title: Miscellaneous Newspaper Clippings
Physical Description: Archival
Physical Location:
Box: 22
Subject: Jennings, May Mann, 1872-1963.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00091224
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
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Full Text


Government Railroad Deficit o01,-
075,000,000 Satisfied P uIc.
MONTREAL, ,yF- 21,-D aInng*t at I
he was unalter .y po t ern-
ment ownershl\ on railroads.
Charles E. Mit' l.\ Pr dent of the
National City" Compa nof New York.
this afternoon told t members of the I
Canadian Club that operation of An.eri-
ctr, raiitoads by the American Rail rad I
Aimnistratilon cot the pe-oile ,f ie
SUnited btatee list y.ar l. ,.titil.l O .n "
This court, Mr Mltchell said. "as due
to the fact that the Governinent adopted
a "- red and easy method :f running
Ithe carriers. a-c.aded to virtually all the
demands made by the empiryv-s. ari.
complet(.1' changed public sentiment.
which, a short time ago. tended to fanor
vrnment contrc'l. until now only the
employes c.f the roads are in favor of
this proposithiri. Tihe huge (ost to the
public: he explained saA to be figured
by adding the d-flcil of 2i0.U.U,("J'J)
which thuJ net p.eri--lng rrvenlil. pro-
duced to the fli.OOf1.u01,., ex.-:css of gCro-s
Tevenurs for 19.S 1, r .
A year and a thlri.1 of government
control has proVed that vwe canint expect
our roads to ftrnlqi. any L.xCertion t11 ,
the rote that public; ownrshin or op-n
eratlon cannot be cff. acted ..tffr cl.-nd.
said Mr. Mitchell. T-iL- results have
-bwn auhi that. while a y.ar ago the
great rmraJc.ril of the Anri.arn peopi.'
i were mcl-drately In favor o: G,,''rrn-
meat ownership. tr..Jay tith numLis has1
Idwindled almost o tn vanishing point
Indee-l. it now Includes onit3 tne un-,
thinking portion of that gteat b.:,iy f
railroad labor which has ben,.flted oy
'the free and rasy dispensation of other
people a mone-y n- li has as y.-t failed
Ito realize that. In the ultimati.. labor
i contest will not b,- b st s i .'ed b.
ithi-Ir develotmen t as a cog in the ma-
chine of politics, and aels,. a faw stu-
dents of the situation who. won who by the
striA gl- to see through tnt fug of the
Vi t T-n,, hna b ,-t e .'m I.". dl.,courgied as
'to b- wilting to conpIgn the roads to
rest In pe>ncf In the arms of '. pat'rnIl-
stic Goternmont nhiclh etancds ready to
force the taxpayer to me',t any defi-
ciency resulting from government op-,
eratin .
.. Amerlenn railroad hldt.-ry. hic:h
began in b120. present s thr,..: distinct
tages: First. th- construction or de-
velopment 'ttapie: second, the ta.' .-f ,
(.vrrm.n t regulation: third,. th, GB-g'
of Government operation. In .ai 'tage
abuae of power ha prr,,'c.ed anJ en-
forced the following stage "
Mr Mitchell. In comiinllng upoli thr
thlrd stage. said l' t ha f. tt t fr I I
Government operator- wloil;in tp the
height *:ft tbel capic'l- c 'l "n.. ,- i'l-
a ble i,' trodu, satlP -ctwr:. r.-i"'t.' "*>'
I a .-triking .,mri nt.ir'L r n mi- r c neral
i su3JsL~ of aGoveinmttnl or,,ratllot



Up Go Domestic Telegraph Rates by No Less
Than..20 Per Cent
URILESON'S ukase raising domestic telegraph
rates by 20 per cent'probably 'will': not seriously
affect his standing with the American 'people. When
one is already at the bottom of a well he is not in any
.danger .of going. deeper.
The action is on-a par with.that of the. Railroad
Administration, which is itself on a par-with the tra-
ditional bull in the china shop. .-The policy is to use a
little brief authority, which in Burleson's case the
I Supreme Court may hold' to be no authority at all, to
turn everything within 'each topytirvy. They know
that it will not be they who,' wll have to clear up the
wreck. -
The telegraph service as given by "Government" is
awful, if one may believe only a small part of the stories
from the.East,-.where the lines are much'-more congested'
than 'here. The Postmaster-General's telegraph service
often loses out in competitionn even with his own letter
Rail 'service. Sometimes the telegram gets in ahead. Some-.
tines the letter confirmation of it. ki's a gamblee' As in
the case of the railroads, wee pay a much, higher price
for a much poorer service.
.On this Coast the greatest outcry is in respect to the
cable service. .Some of 'oir merchants declare that if
there is not a reform it will ruin our business with Asia.
The fluctuations in silver and other exchange are now
so continuous -and rapid that ijmportait business. if doneI
at all, must be done by cable, and it is said that delays,
'oTLen' of. some days, are so great, that by thetime an
offer has been made and an acceptance. received con-
ditions have so changed as to make the deal impossible.
'With cables and telegraph lines in respectable and re-1
sponsible private ownership -such. shocking delays are
good ground for a claim for, damages.. In th-e hands of
the Government there is nothing of that kind doing.'
It is.said that in case of obvious .error in transmission
the Government positively refuses to have. the message
repeated to straighten out the error.
STo talk about the people ruling in this country is to
joke. We are living und.r an unlimited despotism.

An Australian Estimate of' Our resident
0- --p
'President Wilson hal returned to tie pe'oplis shall" fnd their voices and
America with a, certain air of tri- get a secuiie standing in the world.
umpil 'that is reasonably xcusabl- All.- wicl good
he 'ur Prealder t Wvilson; his also cbr-
int-'.crcun .tance. That he rain dangerous weaknessese. a
swayed ,and dominated lre peace rob ,- lofty': and dlignifled way, he is vain"
.ftrenceso fa'r I FI afaqt beyond dis- Ile sees hmrself-.alwa s as Prophet,.
rte. "- .., - .. ". '.Priest.'and King-. He is prepared to'
The President Is .a h'eadloig ideal- pa.ke too many excuses for Germauv.
ist., a, Quixote who" realty.-beULiees .and to attach too ,muchl weight rto
I in. -(E devili.sneis if the windmills, her'subtle and dishonest protestas
an obeatinte-and rp.ther spoilt man of Lions. .
rea.t a.billty accustomed to-'. kvlng There-, is nothing more dangerous
its own w'ay.' [Deep-rooted. in his ..in the councils of nations than* a
m inJd 'sa the convictions that Europe,- mcelej blind sincerity, and it would
and th&e oTd ';.Powvers are hopelessly be folly to blink the fact that at
otit of date. He is an ticnoclast,-'anrd soue. points President Wilson is a
h&. TUnS the- iconoo.last's risk--thes blind manit A'ith that he has the
riak tiait. in.jis attempt .o smash the -idiosyncrasies atid s.ome of the vices
Idols .-he may flnd himself g,.lty -of of Lhm born schoolmiaster. He is apt
eacrilege in.the.prqeence. of ithe Sods.10 s-old:. he-'is ever ready with the
As an admirable quall President, praie ti at-patron,zes. he a-se before
Willson. h al 'an alert and lesolutc him constantly' a very large picture
humanityy. He 'has a generous en-' of.'himself. a4 the. most notable man
thibiasm-for unijerqal peace .' He re- in the world .He tells himself with
gards war a's a. rortti .busalfeqa that a certain thrill 'pi co.nmfort that It-is
Alnustbefended at all hazard. He is, exarrely -doubtful that in another
kn a,..general..way; pa.ssionately .eager" w 5rld there; is':a -man more notable.
to do justice between rmap and man. or a *person more Alstinguished.-
He Is.l ntensely i-inxious thal the.,it- Sydney "(Ausi.rllal ) es,E -Ma-poh-""


I I ---~inn~s~-~c-c~ -- -C~ I



Tells City Officials lo Try to
Make Him Retract Words.
TA.MPA Fla. Sept. 16 -Governor rid-
r'- J. C 'alt tonight made reply to th-
d-eind' oi th- Tampa i 1 council, i.ad,"
**.*n- ffn ldavs rig3o rtht he retract or
d.'.n, a Etat.:ne.nt attributed to hMm Ft a
1:.-b r d ,' rrleetln.ir- %hirh he addressed
.'r Pi:-,',:~h. thnt.P. 0. Knight. fe prom-
irirr. ar,.,rn,-y of Tampa. .io.uld h-e in
',rn-'tr o' hi- life if hie %alktd ihe strei et
of Tainp-i.
iThe ov-rnor's rely. read to the courn-
?jl Trn,eht. wvs is follows:
"Te--'r-. 1 W Ball president c-i'
",il*p1'A' A. Trohti''n e;t" C'rrk, anl
S ]i.: M..K I-. ma,'..-t. T nip l FI']
"'D r "iri Coor cortfr.Iptihl, rer.-
li[io... :,ncern 'ng wh-t I said about Pere-
0 Knricht ha I.?eni reee,%ed. If you
thin- 1iJ 'irn mprke e, take back whit
I s,,d. i iuppose you coni-: up to ralia.as-
e:- nand try it, or thIe next time I am In
T-imr'-:. suppose you try it there. Re-
pctfull, J. governor "
"a. J. Catts, governor."


From every sectl"f' of the state come reports of in-
creasing demand for seed cane for the planting next
month. Already In the extreme southern portion of the
state many large fields are being planted' and In every
instance those who have been growing cane nave in-
creased or are planning to increase their acreage.
In a letter from one of the members of the V'alparajpQ,
Development Company in Okaloosa county, he states that
they have just harvested 250 acres of cane and will con-
tinue to plant until the middle of March. They expect to
have from 1.250 to 1,500 acres of cane next year.
In St. Lucle county one grower who has forty acres
of fine cane, states that be has been offered forty dollars .
a ton for all of it for seed and it will run about forib'
tons to the acre. That is some profitable crop----$1,600
an acre or $64.000 for forty acres. A Fellismere com-
pany 1t advertising Feed cane at one cent a foot, which'
will realize about forty dollars a ton. Over at Brook-
ville a grower has been advertising an improved Japa- I
nese cane for seed at forty dollars a ton and a Jackson-
ville man who Is deeply interested in the developme4f

) .


of the syrup and sugar industry in the state has bought
some of it at that figure.
The cane acreage increased the past year from 15,0~8
acres to about 35,000 acres, and It le estimated tba.
More than 100,000 acres will be planted within the next,
three months in Florida. One of the peculiar things i
about the cane crop this year has been that it blossomed i
or tasseled all over the state and even- in South Georgia,. r
This is the result of such a warm fall and early winter
and has not been known in the memory of even the ol n
. residents. It blooms in the extreme southern part of the e
state every year. thus bringing it to full maturity and, .
naturally Increasing the sugar content.
The yield of s. rup this year has been remarkable and
some of the figure that have been published are aston-.
ishing. The Live Oak Democrat in commenting on tfel
statement that a Plant City man expected to get 800 gal-1
Ions of syrup from two acres of cane, says that a man in
Suwannee county secured S65 gallons from one acre of
cane. In an affidavit made by Mr. and Mrs. Perry F.
Biddle of Valparaiso, they make the statement under oath
that a field of cane was planted there in 1907 and has
come up each year without- replanting and that in 1911
a portion of the cane was accurately measured and mafir
into syrup and it produced at the rate of 900 gallons per.
acre. In- a number of places In Lee county cane b-asa
yielded as high as 1,100 gallons per acre, and it is not.
uncommon to have an entire field average 1,000 gallons.
per acre in good yearrtin that section. '
,Oi It1,t.. j>thde.tr'eased demand for seed cane it.s
nk>4, re than half of the cane rown'thias
uied'6r that purpose inslea'

*~$~5.~t-' :~~34';d I'.
'11- .
iii -

A 'I


Domestic Consumptjou in Nine WMntha' of 1919 Has Reachedt Enormous
Total Compared With Same Time in 1918. /

In v'ewv of the. current ex:citemenit VIolhle 4upppl.'
over. the sugar situation it is important L In' pite o"f he .'.th aorage. there
to look at the facts' r=rian, u r-l,..- t 'ugar tO 41'priy ton
e d.,me,- t, ti ads about 4 = '."a tobs p
I The ficurci now a Silabe f-r of itr.Of ,'i d .--i ar. ,'.i '. tons of. a
S ,r,.temrb.ei shj. that rhi-.re r. a ci eei .-uzar-a in.l t '. the isat qua -
dn-li --i ato dc-om'.t ria *:oTi r on ir. ii -f 191, a r.etal of .5.'" ..) r--s This
rhe period Jar.uar,- 'pten'!b>i lil:. lre- -'ri-.unt ad.)id 'o what ha' alr.-ad been
r-Ioprni..us ato.al .? ."" I.:. tio r dlIstriburi cii a :i:.n ,,'Fp li,)r. for
fired U.-i Z I .u..'.! ,-' un-- in 1,_19 4 _!f i '"' Iri,- toin a- caln.3t
thl 'arnme p riol, :.f 191 an i'ir. aze I .l. i on'i, 'r' in 1 r1. an'J a rr'iXa mum' of
orC tflh.iKi [tc., cr 1 .'41,('i (Oi Ib_ .-a 3 I'I)I n 19!. i Ther- !r nialrin [l. er olt'.
'2-. p.e- ,*:'n- incIrea.se Thi; rnt'ir-lv l iy r i'i tonr- nm .r -.- iu ar fr d trihuti. on It
nirilpe nlenjn of Our -e r<-rtz ii the- last -uarter 1:.f 1'1 than in 191i
2 The pr--. ar av,.ra.ge coiLnIriptirn 7. Coni-lu-iJ i In 'rite of a .crld
.for th-i s rt iod is ab.:.ut 2,!i'.i'.:i) i on- h r.hc ..-a- of i.arl:. ..,Whi.'.' rronr in the
-r thart his: yCar w,:- hlia e :,urumrl r ':rld pr.:-rlucir!i.o a,- c Oiipjird td o i nor-
o'.-r 'i ,.ri n Tori mnore than normal ar n a I ih'- A 'ir'eri'an people !hate bet.- I
i.-rfa5 "Vf 12 per -tent. ie --hl-Ih a itd on-.' area r o-i f the i rld -
S Thi_ n-',_n- thAi th-'ri: h- bre.nl exporiabil s I-'II --,hlil-, ail the r'e-t
del .,Ered r ta nto clame t 'c '-ors-uii'pt.,n i In n r ihe n.:-.rd incihni, : oju fe.-rinl r elits. I r
the firit n',. rn.:-nt s ainv tl a' .i.. I' Fi ic E'l r..] anid Itail, are all o11
-uizar ra. in the b..ie of l''--i Lhr-e ni I ,nor. i atioi-i cilairorirn ti:i -uzar
tlisliDintOhii w'a' 3 41".'i" tons .le ii 11 All thli3 --'.I; i t I a-t n .-ipr.id n
ihfe first n vn1th'n of, l thti 'ar it . 12 '.[iol-s'il. r',., of ': 5Zni. pr r.r
'. 3S(ni tons) r.ouJn- and the r tail rpric: of about
4 The per cap-ip i --ontumr.lttin ili 11-1- cent, rer n.jild n-i r FreFr,:h
t.0e nine nmoiths. ha.s be-tn ;ti'i "l s 1 ;:e'ople pa. ir Y -i S vi'iiol e. ahi, Ei:- p
ace inst poutirt fii the i..ol : \,:dr aid 121-, c,:-ni ai.d t oth.r coui [riEca P..
li1,8 an,j '3 lbs foi the -whole of 19117 muiich hi"oi:r pr.. bs
F. cur!. '- .; i.:. not I l'a s c-xpr' 'he Ani-.rica'r i niorpl. ant e'en mori--
aclual [1i t it I. De'-t to use cornip ri- ,Liza.' tr ii th ry i- ha rer- ived The p-
:orni Thri e -:on-'urmptilr. for trw linlc quect.on ari..-,- a- ti whether %e have
-.Ear of .-1:1i' iv.hbch %ill prolbar-l bhe tre ncrral ii;hti t taIle av. a out of I
4 ]i.) l3hl) i-.hi. tois) ,il bie :-.' r c.re-half l he orl ; ; ..r caet'. more that I
rf the -'aoid' total *exporable -urplu.- e have. rea:' tar-.:n, even if more
for 1911 and over -.nc-qdiartel of tle au ars I.Cre a.r allatilE,
total a.orld's .upar production. This UNITED STATS SU.TGAR EQUAL-
l. i ltit er-,\pi'e.-'e th,- situation better IZATiON POARD. INC. to.
thanl- figure can i-xi,.i-i; it. SLatstical D iviion. a t,
I-- .



Talliahsee, Ma rch I.-(Spe.l .)
ly The supreme court has reversed tilh
decree of the circuit court for Brow-
Sard county Inp te casE, of Ralph A.
-3 lorton. appellstML, vs W. C. Kyle and
mn others, as the board of supervisors
t of Napoleon B Btowvdrd d.rainagu
o district and \V 0 BerI:.'l, as tax
i- collector '-of Brc.'a.i d .ountv, ap-
Spellees. The opiniir is by "nisf Jus-
a uce Browne. Attorneys Eva\'s and .
b IMershon, of Miamir. f:,r appri ..int, !
Atkirnon and Burdinc, oi Miaji;, and
Cdeen Terrell. of Tallabhassee, for
This was an appeal froin an order
denying a temporary retraining or-
dey and dismissing a bill [or-tofjun-
tion or whereby It was sought to r-
strain the collection of a dralbage
tax levied and assessed under the 4
provIslons of Chajpter i776, laws of
Florida passed at the extia saEsion c
of the legislature which c.nv'enrd on
the 25th of November, 191S. In tVihe
chief justice's opinion the court an-
ncunces Its until nrin ne-s to crxtend
the doctrine of Stockton V. PV.:v'ell.
29 Florida I: lu ,i.. Ra'p. 6S$, be:.ond
what that case decided.
In th- pire.ent case it is held thatO
the journals show that tbh go.-r-,
Snor's proclamation calling the extra
', essionr was ade ori No.'ember It..
.191i, and in abedflnce thereto the
legislature iri't Novemnier 2, 1:'1s it
adjourned DecLtinber ., l',l8. Under
tihe. .onstititlon a allI.r. .e S.lOUn
S as would not *x.: e.:d t .-t i .',.'. A.
S only tIw.l t. -tO -= Folap.'I' br-
tw en LhI- dart CE it r,:,"ahitL-n and I
Stile adyJ.' -niiin r rt ,.,1 iit- e I, iu\ <
I tin- n ':t.in r? r'e- UL '. .v ..t.O -i *-
SAi ticle 3. :f tie con ttit ti..nri. rt-_-rd-
hI li local or spF:,i.- lIaws -uld notf
have b.nern g h' a ,.'.ad -r: uf .
such rotic'e I.,:tii n t ha'.- ,-,n .-]l
I ao ishe.1 r. the ig iatu i.; 1. '.r-
'. such bill 'v.a I pa-- Thi". L.. l i
so. the act '.a : i l. a F E :., n '.ri ]
'formity to the pr' ic.n3 of thi,. c:n- -
stItutiop and is vI.id

Long Journey to) "; i t 3

Dry Carouse Is--"-

Appalling, Says

"Marse Henry"

(IBy i Unversal Service )
New York, April 13 -From Ken-
ttcky. where the mournful rdtm-
hound bays disconaolatelv in a waste
of de6ert.-d distilleries and mint
fields heavy witl w-Eds, there came
todav a letter from a frank and hon-
est man. the first to admit the real
reason why public dinner haVe lost
their appeal to him. Of course, the
letter-waz from Marse H-enrv Wat-
l rson. He infornttd the New York
Press club. which plans a dinner for
-May 1, that "th- thought of a long
Journey to a dry carouse iE little
short of appalling."
liarse Henry suggested an enter-
prile of a more public spirited na-
A.ure. "Why don't you get up an in-
surrection?" he ask-d. He analyzed
his own characterltics at eighty
years as follows
"I am a prohlbitionist-with mnodl-
fications; a femTale siffraglst-with
limitations: but not wholly a dam'd
fcol. I am still, let me? say one- of
the boys-a bit battere-d and out of
the ring-but I can even sit up and
take noti'e. and I like to see it going
on Goodbye, boyE. good luck and
God love you."


K IDI A rIME' ++ K



tEasterners Secure Option POSSIBILITIES

on 90,000 Acres of Sugar BIG SUG SII

Lands When See T-U Story BI JisMaklI
S! IS. Bryan Jennings Makes I
Resolution Passed By Southern Commercial Congress in Savannah Endors- l[- port of Southern COm-
ing Florida as Future Sugar State Convinces Capitalists of Possibilities mercial CongreSS.
Here--S. Bryan Jennings Also Secures Passage of Resolution By Florida |
Live Stock Association.
ntr,---e-u eret Real estate men get some inte
Interest 1in Flo, Ida &s the future with sugar. yesterday returned front in acts o, loar pa'r r e,' n h t d
sugar bowl of the United States ha3 OrUindo ah.,re he placed the resolution e nninga, prwIo';relrseatid the j
already beconue mnre evident since the b.fort the Florida Lve &tock Assocls- onville g e 3 wh. r ere, ard at
publication in the Times-Union on tlion. That body '-ndorsed the reaolu- pro S- outhern v l t ner, .ongr's in
Wednesday nf the re.tolution of the lion, and appointed a committee o.:f 6a r ,%annah. rrlde hofjr;.jr.aort a.t the
Southern Commercial Con-ress, in mnemoers io cooperate -ith the real no vmannthy luncheon inthe Hor tel th
Savann-h. endorsin; this state for fed- estate board in Its efforts to push this bul yeterdhy uneon n
eral aid. to develop Its sugar lands, plan atIh vigor. .gs urged th eayesterday..lt
Ye-sterday a wealthy Easterner walked One tuani vr.tod against the rcsolu- b r Jnnns uredpt the realtor
:into the office of Secretary J. L. Wal- ti n at Orlando. Mr. Jennings said. ithadough he slogan, orida." greater
lace. of the JacksonvIlle real estate He jokingly gave as a reason rhat lie through a greater sloridan wna ng
1oard, through % hose efforts the action vas a live stock man V]th create inter- suggested S.t.It EB savannah ,*ong
at Savannah was taken, r ith the story ets.9 in that direction, and he did not T0he United States Epalnds more
in his pocket as printed in the Times- .ant to see the entire state planted '400,00.n00 on sugar annually. ace
Union. The Easterner, associated ilth hii, sugarcane ing to Mr. Je*,nings. the produi
two othcr men from that ecI:tln, had Mr. lennings wor 1 at Savannah an,l coming at present from Louisiana
just lakej- an option on !90,W acre~ Oelando Is credited v ith belng of great westL and the West Indies. If F11
of Florid sugar lard. which they value to Florida, and it Is said tilt would develop her possibilities. hE
till] at once pass upon as to Its fit- nothing ever attempted by the real w" dared, she wouldd rase orne-half ol
neps for ?ugar produij on. If it is e-tal- board haF h.'en more -uccess- sugar supply for the nation. w
found suitable for that purpose the'.' fully handled. At Savannah, Mr. Jen- 17 1T I would give the state a revenue
- ill proceed to develop it. If It doez nInxgs 'vsI fortniiitc In securinL I]n e t h$200.000,006 from this sourer- alo
not prove suaiable to suear, the:.' v III a. of Senator Duncan U. Fletcher, e SpEaking from the standpoint
secure other lands which will ser,.',. 10ho was elected honorary president of Jacksonville's Interest in the s
that purpose ,the Southern Commercial Congress. production movement, Mr Jenr
'Mr Wallace state, that ,r- AEaq in- I said that this ety as the railroad

* fornid.j by this nin that hlie i. spand
.. two weeks, as a direct result of the in-
T ormalion secured through the Times-
* Union, IntvesLUating condition., In
Several sectlon, of Florida bre'ore flnAr!
plan are madc to go into the sugar
business on the large scale now con-
ltemplated .
a. LBryan Jennings. 'ice president of
,the Jacksonville real estate hoard.
"through whose efforts in Savannah.
Florida was 5-ndrr-erid by the Southernl
i C,.mmercial Congr'-s, na" the Southern
. st tfe hlnli * rno -** "' o
veloping its sugar producing powers
ISUltl eile t !0 o. aI 1-- ., e -in,,. .1,-, I


the I

h hu~

.or I-i

e _t


minal of Florida, a big potll and a man-
'jfacturinr center should be bible to get
the sugar refineries and handle the
vast quantity of sugar which would be
produced in the EvergladEs.
Before closing his report Mr. Jen-[
ninga read the resolution adopted ty
the Southern Commercial Congress ad
a result of his efforts and those at
Senator Druncan U Fletcher..
Secretary J. L. Wallace read- several
letters and excerpts from magazine .ar-
ticles showing the growing interest
throughout the United States in the
sugar industry of Florida. Several
magazines requested articles on the
industry and C. S. Emer-.on, manage r
of .the Farm and Live Stock Record,
promised the board he would write bhe
Loren H. Green, president of the Ro-
tary Club outlined plans to raise a
fund to build a memorial to the Jack-
sonville men who fell in service. Mr.
Green declared that the .movement, al-
though started by the Rotary Club,
was "'not a distinct Rotary enterprise.
but an American enterprise.." with
which very civic and religious body
should aid
George WV. Clark, president, of tne
real estate board, called for volunteers
to serve on the committee td be ap-
pointed to help wth the memorial
fund campaign. Mr. Clark promlsoo
realtors the lunche,ons would be ..d-
jouirned at the end of an hour and
urged full attendances at every mrnt-
Ing. 6.



:, ^


ews Events c




Active Work Now Under Way, Seed
Cane Being Planted and Plans1
Made for Big Sugar Mills to Be
Erected at Once.

STimes-Unior. Bureau, Miami, Naov. 16.
I As3 arinout-ced in dispatches in the
T Tite-,U-. Iion f:. a recn' t date, the
Pennsylvania Sugar Comparn, has coni-
i pieted th, purchase of ;'.. acres of
:E.erilaes. l-nd frorim the Tatum In-
vestinm.:nt Company and nork haE been
Scommrci.ced on the reclamration or the
i lax da. in 1917 the Tatunii purchased
from th., state l),.iO.I acres of Ever-
glades land ly.irg west frorn Miami
,on the Miaml-Okeechobee canal. Be-
foie Lhese land were purchased from
lrne stare the Tatum si r.cognzed the i
act that sooner or later the sugar In-
Idustry would be Introduced here on a
large scale and ny i marNha the,
ITatiurns have been worKinl on this
Sproject which h has terminated so hap-
plly. During the tlme since the prop- i
ertv wa. purchased lthe Tatums have
located on a portion of the land a
RiJ--'iara and Italian colony.
The Pennsylvarnla Sugar Company'
v'll lhurry the work of preparlne the,
I ground for planting cane as rapidly
as metn and money can do it The
I reaidnt manager. \' ai Alen Harris.
w 'a- so 3ure tht i te transaction would ',
go through that rtefore dhe rinal sign- I
Ing of the deAds and paper- h-e put a ,
large dIkucher at mork to ditch canalt
I around on- of Ith units of this tract
and at thi: i. rillng miles of diJtche,:
have br-,:r dug and the ditcrier I till
rhronlrnc muck Mr. Harri- I.; per-
nian 1 t l lociatid in M1aint with office'
inr in- New Tulun'i bull.1drin on T',elfthl
I sIeet anti Avenue C The Pennsyl-
v'anir .iSugar L'ompan. is -one orf the
largest s'l..jr t.-nrling conmpanie; in the I
United Stlat:z. the ce ,paclt, .of their
Philadelphia mill beilnrL- 9., barrel
per day. The officer, of the cont-.
pall ar'e a'iorld wide k.noi.i rini nrier3
and hat e behind leinm plenty of mon-
;.'_ to carr; out their plans here.
;'eorge1- H. Earl. Jr. the pr.reld-:nt of
the company. Is recognized as one of
the inmo-t au.ces.eful busr.re..s men of
the.- iatitii. He la Intcert'ed in mnari
liar'-- c' tip'inies itirougnout Lh I- E ~. t
and Northi, ajinoji, tLhem bc-incb the
Real E-stat: and Tru.zt Ciiompan'. of I
Philadelphia. the Finanice <'omTpans of
Philadelphia. the Pennsylvania War-
holue C' impa.n., the .:.u i h ChI] :Cl -r
TuIth '%Volk anid the Pennt.ail. nla Su- i
:-t 'omr-anv. of ,itlch rhe Is pre.i Id.-nt
of the companies aimed DLrlng the
%i.,r lie was called by -lert-.ci Hoover, i
to l arlous actl'. Ile-' of the food ad-
mintstratl.-i, of which he a.ds a con-
-'ant aditsor.
Louul J. Kolb vice pit a-dijnt of the
sugar comnip.any. Is t[ie ov. I-iet -If I
KolIb'z Bak e i'Ie. nia kin rl a m nillhi, I
lo'vc--, per d:.s He is alIo A. diile .ltor i
in tre Re-il Cslat'e TrUI on.' pa'ii,
the Gu.-t,-antit Trust -'ompan;: of PFhil-
aidelphi.i. aid pre 'ident Lut liie Super -
Glass C-'onpani ti oi-1ni h,:,us.-, and
landis. -,r~ Ki and bo da-. e. e .tin.1 Is
rated anronr-ig the inllilonalt: cli -se.
John Gribble la one of the- dirteCltors
of the .sugar conipany He i.s -'
president of the Curtis Pu', Ii.-hin g
Company, publisht-rt of llie Ladit ,I
Hori Journal. aturda3 E i.ninri Post
and CouinI': Gentleman, and ir a di-
I rector of he Girard Nati.'ai bank I
and ex-president of the Union L. I o_ Philadelphia. I

1 i friGu l 1-. -'nsic 'ri is '-& .. ice presi-
dent and director In the aue ir coni-
panly. He is Iresi-deit of th- 'Juaran-
lee Trust -'omnpanv. the Nel.:-in V l'e
\V'rks, a dlre.t.;r In the Third Na-
Iio ial Bank io Philadelphia, and a re,'t.,.r .:.f the Reil E.tate and Tru't
Conipan:y and one of the largest
-t,.,ekhoi.Jere of the Standard *..I Co i-
pan:,. Among other official pstionf
i helrJ t-b Mr Houston 16 a director in
I thei i.'s tereity .-f Penne lvania Mr ,
Houston is familiar v ith tie cOid ti .1 .
in this part of Florida and I- tn- o I- I
Cr of c.:.r. iderabi property in th-
John .t. MCarthe, is a dir-'eto.- and
treasurer of the sugar company, ne
is n .re cf the leading ast.rnt-'.? of th,-i
State of Pennl 1.aiia and I for Three.
years an in itructlr in the la'.-. d.parit-
niert of the i niverii', ,:I f Per":. l-
vail I Mr Mi-'arthey a lire-tor li i
the li nitreo 1 C al C'nii"pi i:. t-cc-
,tor in the- N.l-on V'al e \'i a I. direi:-
1 -r in i11. Le.xlntion n UtlllltL ''o1i;- l
pan3 i ice pre dent of [ri-, ,enttrri
Market ;t- v:e[ Con-pan.. vi':e pri--hldeut
of t,- H ,:.o dle _s M otor- Ci'.rip,'nn .' a .
direior ,ri the Stanley ,urr panv of
Anlerica. a dirrc iolr of the Firnance
Coinpar.n\ .f Fenpri'. ivanla -1 ai. tra-'l
officer in the Real Estat-l Tru-t -'ont-
pan\ of Philadelpnii.
H EdL Jr s. drw,'-l-r in rhp zuigar
com p ,an H e .- *i a o .rpora llti I v. '.y r a
hii businr. -; c.c' ii the Atlantic Sea-
board of the Middle latest.
Geore-l H Earle Ill. i.'. nr.- of th-
icee -res1ild--rints of the P'ei. Is aI I i-ia u-
*gar orni. ny arid Is in chr arjg: of the
s al.-z. 'ir. E.rie i l -:, .a nimt -r vf
th- N'-e York Confee Exhauge.
'lsst, n E Srnnurt. a director. i- th
soi.n of Thomaras W. ,:Ninnotr and a r. iln-
ber of the nrm of Butrch-r. Sher.:oo.l
&: I-j ii-' li. br-ker- ar.id bankers
Th. man.--Iement of the company and
the ije -lop npiett of thi great iinder- I
tlkinc A iii be under the mane.n-menrt
t.f 'x' H Hoo.dlessa. gen,:ral nlanisg.cr
of the Pfenisl' 'ania Sugar Company.
FOn the p'i l eight : earl he .-hau opent
Shis be--i thouehti and i-nert c in th,--
d.c elopme-nt of the Fenn.ylvaniu Su-
gir -"cmpaany. making :ie .of l.he larc-
e.t pcroducin sauear companies in the
ignited States Mr Hoodjle s -xp-?ee
tij de'.elop Lhe sugar r conipanl and
build a mill ith a capa,-ity of .'i.,
ticn- p-er da -. Iit bulldiinr the- mill it
will be buili in t.,i') ton unitE. anid
ionine of isn f,3tture; ill be entirely
new itI pr.ulucin: ; rr fintle- sugar direct
fr.-.n tn- cane in one operation.
The resident manac-'r nsw been in
tlianiu for sonie tinle and hds well un-
der waay the ditching of the land
kii-owti as the Italian coloq:. land-.
Mi- Harris ha.i hid inan. years or
experience in the cultivation of cane.
bec-ide- he 13 a construction engineer
He iis i graduate o01 Princetoi unilver-
altv. He has year' of experlene- in
the tr.opic He was the conrtru.tio'.
engineer ,clilli for the q]l.anlca ,en-
tral. :,uzar i7. rripi.,. of Port.o Ric'i
later sup.-rlrin ndeint of the El jierei-
pie Sugar Factory at Humaeo Porto
Rice g.'noral mAnacir of the Central
R.-.muna Sugcr Comi-iian: of La Ronta,
3mia Domitingo. tid i enerirl rr anae.r
and sice president of the Ha3tlar.-
Ameirrican Suigar Compa.nv of Poit -au-
Prince, Halti
After wearyingg of life In the trop-
Icv he came to Miami and he, wttn
B B Taluin made a most exhau-tmue
.iud.i of th-: Evergladei as cane pro-
ducilng land and hi-s conclusions v'-rc-
that the clinhm-te. soil and the general
condlciOti- here were ideal for nTOv.-
Ing sugJar and the results of tt.,:-e con- I
clusiotis r-rought the sugar coinmpny
here ,
When the company nels into opern-
l.iu it ill call for large'- cattle r nchi
to U'_ the b -' '. lud cts o-f th-- conl-
This ha.s been the Tatums' dream
for yeaitF iittd at last the:ir- Or-'mt are
coming. true and within a few yeais
;ade LOutIii, I ill I '-ecom.- the trreat-
;cat cais producilig coCuiit y i, Flol Ida.
The officials. at Tnllaha-rs.e have ri.
lati become Viilliuse- "Ili th,- pros-i-
bililt s of drain _ii. -nd "' III -r n.j ar.-
other J-redgi-e io l ork -,i the Miamtil
canal to hasten the work of drali-
Mr Earle har. just returned fr-.:.m
LaK:e OK.echoliee 'lwhele he IrLs pur-
-_'haed large amount or Ieed crne
ilh--ich will oe pirnted as so,.,n i- the
ground is prepared for its reception.


- July 26th, 1923.



C'OLTMTRUS. ,.'hio, Jui:.t -1. thcr-
ough Ir'r ti ggtur.i thie f rt 'irs '?f
th1. R. I. Doill rn f- C'omn- ntni iiT
E.I, sI ubsidilari n X.' 1i1 r, dnd, 01 -
telvers and the i:i:rnduct. of ort.rl'"i'
fi tho D'o llnEg 'ro-i 'ar. "-' h l i ',
rnpda po'ssible [,,- pi.aiol : fra dil
v.hio'l li' ha e l., ?n piert3_,rr' ,riii on t*
'a'n y a topplee o' th 3 iat.,'" v.a3s t'-
ru li t- re q ,ui? t'.. l L. v S t:i _.- A ltt ril 'N
irn .Irtl C C. Cra.i b in, i.:T -tr i,
Jc.hn TR. IKingr, proc'iut.n tttir,.-

i' Fi lL'T.llii e'.'oUTLV.
Plr. C ra ,l),- .11 til- l et e in ,iI lh-t
TI sr-ill iiL-t L ti tlh:.. e t' ,orll'.
f.,r r.., nhing- r, i,'iorI orf Orhui, out
.'' rt.?Arl 4'31 I' l'll) O nro T'-.' ut -d ol,
the t'ilii .t I' ,ii t or cr i l '. i ,r.
Crabb,.i ra it.-d thaL "Etn', r.ijJ,-rft,' ,'[
[l, t.L .khi l r v. l rr. l little O r
nu II g tfioit ch,-e defunC t ri on-
t 'r r '


I __



' 1' }


SFlorida Times-Union July 26T1, 1923.

* I




H. H. Simmons of Jacksonville Ap-
_-:-.iJ f- TL-- V i__ j

pouuilec or uree i ears-nead-
quarters to Be in Tallahassee-ONo
Announcement Concerning Veteri-
narian Appointment.

T".a ii h:.t .-,-. J..ll,'i -- ,' r,:,,,r])-
G v rr, ...r i, i i- a I d: e od ; I an u.I, eu
:lii o ip ,, rr r.r n t O c .l .sta., il e
Lulck -. ii ar: bU..ar' 1ilk r th" t:rni
and .,ro- li. in .t Ch uv.ertr -'uli. Akc
o 1 l ..?. larniharly in,.*n'a. H wuu .-
bill No. i41. Th'. ie iin.b-Ii ian
thlir it .hu re of .ifi_.*. ar, a 1ol-01
l" Tl. aiitton b., iiiE. eo Buli--
nell, one. y.ear. i'. R. Sn va'.-, u. n ,,n ,
5 .1nJ J. .. gn-. A.rc:adei tW.:. ,ia.
H. H iit-' .:ili;i .Ja i .j 'III,:, and A
ir. X' i ChW plr y threr y-.ar, H .-
.'n n.:'ck. JupiLter. AHd \V. H. Le cis.'
F.:r iMead-:. r.ur :. .ars.
LJ -Jder th- pl.:,01T li of tlh.', act
lhe (i-'. rrne,:i ._- a it lnrlzEd t.. ap-
p,.- lni 5 ? _-'* i n'-' n tc. *.on--, it ii E n I'
board. ih. .:,l-...l ,.. e i acli- _l. i '-
t- .'..._K nicn r, L i..: ll c t it- .s r ',z t. n -
.at3r- of Firnj-.ia. nr,r.i ii .-l' I n-,
sa -l 0 f Fi- V dr i ...rk e idn tr. i ,
l ild ir'f c .:.r [11r [ I. rm _r j lJ o.
ear ir u nr I l [ll.-: r .- : .: .rs sh il '
h '.'. r. r ijn :, n ,,1.,ilnr- ahri jnial
i ",*: l, ".'" L h tlli p r...v i ..:.l n..,u. ': ;
ih'. l .jf the nrir b,.ar.i apr-oeintc
onr- Th'uJ. li.ild ,:.if-i e ior ..,- r -_ar I
t.e. I or i .. ', '; t i r n r.,
years and n .... for hie full fouLr yEpa,
The result iS that tCa-' Crls .'.ill
"oc:. r ,:I trl,. lt,..., .,l r.- _li ,.,.. T In.
board ai n .F. I- I ..' I ., t. ;o" rnr su.:-
r .: rd, : ij o rJ 1 a. u ..-... .. 1
r. -o. r'ir ri. l '., i fr I ,- t e e ll j
i rjill. ,:,-rd. [ ,e.,r[ publ- enir-n ,-n 1, '1
-1. z': (.rr' r f t r ,,n ;1 S ,r r r 11.1
V ,'. F. BlaR -km n .a.r ,. tr .:rie r n-'a k
'Thi e 'i- urn d-i- na l.: 1 fipp- nti
I n .:-nt ,; ri- l loj.- :.i -; iof he. .l -
S Iltri nc ,u-_ ti- r..r l e ti t i' .In rtof th-
r,-:eit r i l -it lire aTnd : Cur.id rior-
'r Lr hl o i. thi- l 11i -ara t th-i
I, r tia i, .:.th r t i- r I.i r1. 'ij' 3 l_ .. I
Se': pt j lr'.:, the l: l i L .:r ., .en
t.'r r i .a rou nd 11- :. n "en :r l t u'. 1.ion I
r b r .ilis r', nr al". I ni. Cij ,ito I la iI
ii, br.:iei rt ,i.r, by th ,.m mtl ir [n-t
** li'' e. toi- K .f ti-e 0o .i. of rep-
Srscn, ta s of v. hllb H...if Amn.
'1.u:- I' ., .:.,r- of ItI.- in' nrPb r' firL n'
iL.- r:k and norv. ,ir Iji judge I, f
.h. F .lI, rteentb jeiet l .. .1 I 0 .I t a- I .
:hil _iI r.an Mr. Ie'.'il r inn eored th-
bill o-n thp fr.r r a i. e hl...ei., and
arr'llnld ir r,.- tni- nr t c-t..rl. t .n.r '
a regni :.-,..] l. P,, l e'Ill art.ra a?
o i r l i.. rn ,- ir r,- l:r ilar fp t
fOf the r-c r, t :. 'I-,:,n.
SThe d.-i" l q .L tl.- Ir," hiave- r,- I
ce -.t he,--.: rI t,.. eii,)e,'r ,-.f 'n e --
pI r. 3 ion in tlin r ..:. i u ni r b St i oe
V' el- rna rii. .J 1 K nrjap.. T'.F iF-.1
iI-' .'1--i ? that L.'h .- tihe I, n :r.m be r.,
C** h, ri4.'v b.i-.-ird mun t sut.bscriho lh-I
coa I t f of inne aan.l eie t.,,nrid*tn lt'
oninued on Pllge .




Contlnned from Page 3.
surn of 10.'11'0 fc.r Ihe faithful rar-
formanrr o his dii.tes. Tr"i oilcy-
:arries no re rimerat in -vonrd trLi
actual e'Ipense of [lie rrnloDners
The law rprovideZ thai the flr-at
nie.-lring of the brord h hall lie held
r'= -.cn after Its appulntmnr. as
practicable Th-a lih,.lquarti-rs of thi
br..,'ir are flexd at Tailahas,- e. biut
nm-firiiigs ma 1, ta held It .11hecr pla ,:,-t
in the state at i-le tilel ,ure of th,
l'iard. At the flirt m.-ctln,; a chair-
n'ar is to be el.:cted ror the ter m
hf his mnemher-'hip The annual re.iet-
ing of the hoard hrafrler ip ro
br h-ld on the first M,.n.6a i MlIar.li
C.4 eaci year 0ine of the- first dotae-
of the hard a.tl.r its oreaniztat .n
is the emrpl:..m'rrier. f a pa r.e.n "1I1.,
h all be \periern ed i n .n e 1.t i.',r,
-.rtagiOLis r-i comnn iin .:.i 1i..1t d i'"
eages c-f crattie, h.-.gs n ntrh, r :. -
ni-ti.? animals. w-h'lo shill bi.- a per-
son or re c.r-reize.! ability. arind a
Fradilit'e ([ a rece.'. .i-d ar.d repur-
ib hrl r llre of .t rinat i rn -.,1 :re .
and *ho shall bt kruown au-i. dei-
1 nF. l ted a. tie tI. r,, r r ii
Thia r.fi :.,l 1-i niadJ.- h- e il.-r e'-
* i*tij e .fti.'-r of ti-. hr r-i anid Ire
:. r.-3.r H is con'ir-e rn at .:.r. i' $4 -
iiii'. Hli term of t rrnr.l.', it nle t is
.Cev r y:,ar? The rr.r t sr, 1 tt.'- et-
,'r.rariar. iF F' ,. V. K rnapr.. ". I.:,- hac'
r.ndired efflcl~nt seril 'e in that n.e-



Former Surgeon General of New York Calls Law

"Damnable" Says It Fills Asylums I

DEMANDS LEGALIZED WHISKY ent in that it takes away from th doctors
one of the most important remedies needed
Cripples Doctor's Fight for Human Life, for the treatment of disease, namely, whisky.
Makes Cowards, Hypocrites of He holds that while the law is ostensibly op-
erated to protect the health and morals of the
Young Americans people it acts the other way round, as a de-
An amendment to the Volstead law legal- triment to their health, since a.physician can
izing the sale of beers and wines, even if these prescribe whisky only under the most intol-
beverages are of low alcoholic content, would erable conditions.
be incomplete unless whisky sales were per- "There should be no requirements such as
mitted under the same terms, in the opinion those set forth for doctors in the prescription
of Gen. Marshal Orlando Terry, former sur- of whisky," said Gen. Terry, "for the doctor
geon general of the State of New York. At is dealing with human life and human life is
his suite in the Willard hotel yesterday, Gen. far too precious a thing to be dependent upon
Terry, who for 50 years has been a practicing fool rules and regulations."
physician and surgeon in the Empire State, Further, Gen. Terry holds that the younger
denounced prohibition and what he terms the generation of America is being reared in an
state of lawlessness that has followed in the atmosphere charged with contempt of the
wake of the eighteenth amendment. law; that irreverence for the eighteenth
"I believe that every State insane asylum amendment, manifest on all sides, is destroy-
will have to increase its facilities if this thing ing the very fabric of true Americanism.
keeps up," said Gen. Terry, commenting on Denounces Congressmen
the illicit traffic in bootleg liquor that. he "While congressmen are counting noses,
claims to be a paramount evil. It is driv- seeing how many 'dry' votes they have to in-
ing men insane." sure themselves soft berths and to feather
Calls Law "Damnable" their nests, there is taking place a reckless
Gen. Terry is utterly opposed to Congress orgy, and all because this one particular law
.ppropriating $10,000,000 for the enforce- is not sanctioned by the American people."-
ment of the Volstead law during the fiscal The Washington Post, Wednesday, December
year beginning next July, as proposed. 21, 1921.
"I say this law is illogical, and more,"
said Gen. Terry, "it is damnable. To center LIQUOR REGULATIONS
all the government activities on the enforce- The chorus of protest against unreasonable
mert of this one law shows weakness some- regulations for enforcing the Volstead act
where. Why should all this money be spent grows louder and more earnest. But a few
for enforcement of prohibition when there are days ago at a meeting of the Philadelphia
other laws on the statute books of the coun- County Medical Society leading physicians
try? Why should we grant an appropriation ounly combined ocie restrl ns plcd
of $10,000,000 for prohibition enforcement upon physicians in prescribing alcoholic liq-
when our soldiers are in need of the money?" uors as medicines and advocated action to
In the opinion of Gen. Terry whisky is a combat them. Identical complaints have been
medicine that should not be barred from the received from organizations of reputable phy-
people of the United States, or from any sicians and druggists in various parts of the
other people. "It is indispensable," he says, country. The Secretary of the Treasury is
"in the crisis of diseases. In old age, as a convinced that some relief should be given,
stimulant, it is preferable to medicine." and it is reported that he has instructed his
Breeds Cowards and Criminals subordinates to revise the regulations.
Gen. Terry sets forth the virtues of whisky Invariably the sound common sense of the
in no unmistakable terms. "It is a good an- American people asserts itself in the end, and
tiseptic curative in many germ disorders," he there will be no exception to this rule in
states. It is the only stimulant in extreme dealing with the liquor question. The eight-
exhaustion incident to many conditions, hav- eenth amendment prohibits the manufacture
ing greater sustaining qualities, and lasting and sale of intoxicating liquors as beverages,
longer. Pneumonia, typhoid fever, sep- but it does not prohibit their sale as med-
ticemia, hemorrhages, and the like, for ex- icines and the people never demanded such
ample." prohibition. When the regulations for the
"The law," says Gen. Terry, "is decidedly issuing of liquor prescriptions -were promul-
un-American. This is not a monarchical form gated they went beyond the intent of the Con-
of government," he adds. "Yet the very lib- stitution.
erty of the people has been taken away by For months previous to the enactment of
the fanatics who proposed and succeeded in the antibeer bill the prohibition regulations
getting over such an amendment to the Con- limited physicians to 100 prescription blanks
stitution. It has made a lot of cowards out of each 90 days, although the law specifically
men who occupy high and important posi- says that the commissioner "shall cause to be
tions. It has made cowards out of a lot of printed blanks for the prescriptions herein re-
folk who are afraid to speak their own minds quired and he shall furnish the same, free of
on the subject of alcoholic beverage. It has cost, to physicians holding permits to pre-
made a lot of criminals out of respectable scribe," placing no limitation whatever upon
persons, who, while they uphold the Volstead the number they may have. The regulation
act in public, violate it in private. It has was an arbitrary one, later legalized by a pro-
put a premium on crime, and made of boot- vision in the antibeer bill.
legging one of the seven most prosperous in- Secretary Mellon is quite justified in order-
dustries in the world; this without the gov- ing a revision of the regulations to make
ernment receiving one cent of legitimate rev- them conform to the word and intent of the
enue. The whole system is wrong. We are law. The task should be intrusted to un-
being treated like a lot of school children." prejudiced persons, with neither wet nor dry
Says It Cripples Medical Work leanings, whose object would be to administer
Gen. Terry holds that the law is inconsist- the statute in its true spirit.

.-..,- t

Tallahassee. Thursday, November 7, 1918.


The Florida Ship Canal

By R. E. ROSE,
State Chemist of Florida.
Recent conferences of the Govern-
ors of Florida and Georgia and other
prominent citizens of the Southeast-
ern States. reports of delegations to
Washin-ton in the effort to revive in-
terest in the lonk-talked-of ship canal
across Florida to connect the waters
of the Atlantic and Gulf, show the
general interest in this most import-
ant waterway of such great economic
value to the commerce of the nation.
A ship canal connecting the Gulf and
Atlantic when completed will greatly
shorten the distance and the time be.
tween Atlantic and Gulf ports and
avoid the long and dangerous route
south of the Keys, Tortugas and Re-
becca Shoals
Various routes have been suggested
for a "short cut" across the Peninsu-
lar State. Numerous surveys have
been made by the War Department
and the results published in the very
complete-report by Lieutenant-General
Q. A. .illmore, April 6. 1.880. which
summarizes these reports, in Senate
Executive Document No. 3S, Forty-
seventh Congress, June 3, 18S2.
The first survey was authorized by
act of Congress March 3, 1826. "The
Report of the Board of Internal Im-
provement" upon the results of sur-
veys made in compliance with act of
Congress, March 3, 1826 (92 years
ago), as noted in this report, is ap-
parently the first official survey made.
Subsequent surveys were made in
1852. "Provision was made by Con-
gress for the completion of this old
line of survey (via the St. Mary's or
St. Johns to St. Marks), or a new
line, as might be deemed expedient
for a ship canal across the peninsula."'
This survey via the St. Mary's and
St. Marks, also via the St. John's and
Hillsborough, was completed and re-
port made in 1855.
Other surveys were made via the
St. Johns and Black Creek to the
Hillsborough or Tampa Bay: also via
the St. Johns through the Oklawaha,
the Kissimmee Valley, the Hillsbor-
ough River to Tampa Bay; and also
via the St. Johns, Kissimmee Valley
and Lake Okeechobee to Charlotte
Harbor via the Caloosahatchee River.
None of these were found practical,
principally for lack of water to sup-
uly the summit level of the canal,
some 150 to 200 feet above sea level.
All of these surveys are summarized
in the report made by General Gill-
more in compliance with the resolu-
tion of the United States Senate, 1i1.
member 16, 1881, calling for "all in-
formation or evidence, or facts, on file
in the war office relating to the con-
struction of a ship canal across the
peninsula of Florida ,including esti-
mates of the cost of the work, and
the several surveys made by authority
of the United States in the State of
Florida with a view to the construc-
tion of said canal."
Prior to the Gillmore survey, evi-
den'' fyla..barge canal to connect the
coastal canals and waterways of the
Gulf and Atlalhtic was the principal
object sought; as this compilation of
the various reports includes the report
of the improvement of the coastal
waterways from New Orleans via Mo-
bile and Pensacola to St. Marks, and
to continue a barge canal from St.
Marks to St. Marys, or from Tampa
to Jacksonville via St. Johns.
However, a ship canal was designed
by General Gillmore from the waters
of the Atlantic at Cumberland Sound
or Fernandina Harbor via, the St.
Marys River to Camp Pinckney, then
in a direct line to St. Marks on the
Gulf, south of Tallahassee. This canal
was designed to pass through the
southern portion of the Okefenokee
swamp, which swamp it was intended
to utilize as a reservoir for water to
supply the summit level by the con-
struction of large reservoirs and the
diking of the southern and westren
sides of the swamp; and also an ex-
tensive swamp south of the canal
(Gum Swamp) to be also used as a
reservoir to supply the summit level.
As reported by General Gillmore, the
length of this canal from the mouth
of the St. Marys River to deep water
in the Gulf (page 31) was 169 miles,
the summit level beginning at Camp
Pinckney and extending through the
Okefenokee swamp in a direct line 60
miles at 105 feet above tide water in
the' St. Marys River. At the western
terminus of the summit level (60
miles) the canal descends with two
lift locks of 18 feet to a point about
30 miles west of Ellaville, where a
third lock will be erected. Nine miles
further west a fourth loek and again
nine miles further west a fifth lock
from the Aucilla, a distance at that
level to the sixth and last lock of
about ten miles. At this point the
canal connects with the St. Marks,
which must be dredged out to a depth
of 24 feet below low water in that
river. From the eastern terminus of
the summit level there will be re-
quired five 21-foot locks to descend to
the plane of low water on the St.
Marys River.
It appears that this ship canal, Via
the St. Marys River, the Oklefenokee
swamp, crossing tbe Suwannee River
twice, the Withlacoochee and several
other stream, and San Pedro Bay,
will require five locks (each of 21-ft.
lift) to ascend from the St. Marys
River to the summit level (105 feet)
and six locks (each of 18-ft. lift) to
descend to the St. Marks River from
the summit level; and the construc-
tion of reservoirs or "catch basins"
in the Okefenokee and Gum swamps
to feed the 60-mile summit level.
"The construction of a deep reser-.
voir to hold all this water, by excava.
tion In the flat surface of the swamp,
would involve a matter of some 348,'
000,000 cubic yards and a cost of ovex
$50.000,000. It cannot, therefore, be

"Basins in which to retain this
quantity can be obtained only by em
banking the, low margins of Okefe
nokee Swamp and allowing the wat'el

to spread over the surface, forming
immense shallow ponds.
"Two reservoirs in the swamp will
be required, one on each side of the
canal, having their deepest points at
EllicottY' Mound and Mixon's Ferry,
respectively. The first to contain 1-3
of the required amount, or 3,200,00O,-
OijO cubic feet. the second 6,300,000,000
cubic feet." WPage 41.1
This canal was designed for a sur-
face width of I.S) feet. depth .25 feet.
bottom width SO feet, to accommodate
veasels drawing 22 feet of water.
Description of and Estimates for
"There will be required tor the
service of this canal, as I have shown,
eleven lift locks and two guard locks.
There will be five lift locks, each
with a lift of 21 feet, to ascend trom
the St. Marys River to the summit
le, el.
"'There nill ue one guard gate at
thie St. Mar:,s and one at the St.
Marl:s. where the waters of the ter-
mini of the canal respectively de-
'ouch into those rivers.
"Tuere will be required for the
Gulf end ot the canal six locks of 1s-
ft. lift each to overcome the difference
in level.
"The lift and guard locks will each
be .50 feet in length." (Page 46.)
Consolidated Estimate of Cost of the
Entire Work.
For grading and collect-
ing storage water. $54,010,598.00
Cost of all the locks .. 3,716,469.47
Cost of improving St.
Marys River ................ 1,086,157.60
Cost of improving St.
Mdrks Harbor ....... 2,999,539.61

Aggregate cost of canal
(page 52) ... ... $61,312,S14.65
Annual repairs and oper-
ating expenses (page
59 ... .... ... ... .$ 5112,.000.00
At the date of these surveys little
was known of that portion of the
State south of Sanford, the Upper St.
Johns, the Everglades and Lake Okee-
chobee ,excepting the "Memoir to ac-
company a military map of the Ever-
glades, compiled by Lieut. J. C. Ives,
United States Army, in. 1856, by order
of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, Secretary
of War."
The southern portion of the State,
below the twenty-eighth parallel, was
practically an unknown wilderness,
occupied by Indians and a few pion-
eers, hunters and trappers'
This military map is today one
among, if not the best, topographical
maps of that portion of the State.
The "Memoir" is out of print, though
the map and extracts of the "Memoir"
are published in Senate Document No.
89, "The Everglades of Florida, Acts,
Reports and other papers, State and
National, relating to the Everglades
of the State of Florida and their re-
clamation," dated August 7, 1911
(page 71).
This Senate document, together
with Senate Document No. 379, Janu-
ary 29, 1914, "The Report of the Flor-
ida Everglades Engineering Commis-
sion (the Randolph Commission),"
together with the reports of the Flor-
ida Board of Drainage Commissioners,
with maps, levels, estimates, etc., in-
cident to the drainage of the Ever-
glades tnow being successfully ac-
complished by the State of Florida)
show the practicability and compara-
tively small cost of a sea level canal
across the peninsula; a canal without
locks, and one than cat be construct-
ed for a fraction of the cost of a
locked canal, at any point in the State
north of Lake Okeechobee.
That there is a present demand by
commerce for a shorter and more di-
rect route between Atlantic and Gulf
ports and the Panama Canal is evi-
denced by the demand for the im-
provement of "The North West Chan-
nel from Key West to Gulf Ports," as
reported by the War Department,
August 1, 191S, as follows:
"The improvement generally de-
sired by the parties interested," says
the report. "is the deepening of the
North West Channel to thirty feet so
that larger vessels in the Gulf trade
can enter and leave by the way of
this channel, thus avoiding the longer
and more dangerous route passing
around Dry Tortugas or between the
Tortugas and Rebecca Shoals''
"The War Department's estimates
for the improvement run from $677,-
000 for a channel 24 feet deep and 300
feet wide, to $5,000.000 for a channel
30 feet deep and 300 feet wide."
The War Department reported ad-
versely on the project as "not being
justified by the present commerce,"
235,000' to 400,000 tons per annuu.
The very complete report and sur-
vey of the Randolph Everglade En-
gineering Commission (Senate Docu-
ment No. 379, January 29, 1914) re-
ferred to, establishes the fact that a
tide-level ship canal from St. Lucle
outlet on the Atlantic to Ft. Myers
and Charlotte Harbor on the Gulf, is
not only practical but would be of
comparatively small cost.
The more recent surveys by Mr.
Fred C. Elliot, chief engineer of the
Board of Drainage Commissioners,
confirms those of the Randolph Com-
mission and discovers a route requir-
ing less excavation above sea-level
from the Atlantic to Lake Okeecho-
A barge canal 200 feet broad and
10 feet deep, from St. Lucie to Lake
Okeechobee, Is now two-thirds com-
plete. From Lake Okeechobee to Ft.
Myers steamers anid barges have
plied for years, engaged In furnishing
fuel and supplies to the State dredges.
The locks of the barge canal now
Sunder construction by the State will
accommodate vessels 165 feet long, 35
feet beam, drawing seven feet of
water. Locks and dams, spillways,
etc., are now under construction in
the various canals and doubtless will
be completed within, contract time
- limits, though necessarily delayed by
- labor and fuel shortage at the present

r time.

R. E. ROSE, Florida State Chemist

From tide "ater in the St. Lucie to affect the navigation of the Kissim-
tide water in the Calooshatchee is a tee River, which will, of course, enter
distance of 87 miles: from deep water eL-,icanal: this being the only prac-
in the ocean to deep water in the route through the State. a route
Gulf. 130 miles. The eastern cut, t will shorten the distance from
twenty-five miles,. shows a profile Atlantic ports to Gulf ports and the
above tide-level averaging 27 feet. Panama Canal some 350 miles.
The cut through Okeechobee, thirty- 'The lands reclaimed from the lake
three miles, shows an average profile wi'l be worth all that the canal costs
of 6 feet, while the western cut shows. anti d ill belong to the State of Flor-
an average profile of 18 feet above id.'i."
tide level. The total lift from sea this was by no means the first
level to summit of this barge canal time iuch a prediction has been made
(Lake Okeechobee) is 16 feet, requir- by myself. I have maintained this
ing five lift locks for the passage of opinion since the first levels were
barges from ocean to gulf, and is de- run under my direction from the
signed for small barges only-165 feet ocean to the lake and from the lake
long, 35 feet. beam, 7 feet draft. to the gulf in 18S1-82-that the ulti-
The contract price for these cuts is mate result of the drainage of the
10 cents per cubic yard for earth and Everglades would be a tide-level canal
20 cents for rock. The rock is a. soft through Lake Okeechobee (the bot-
to medium hard Oolitic limestone abd tom of which averages six feet above
is readily removed by powerful dipper tide level with but a small area below
dredges without blasting. One power. tide level) and that by this means
ful ten-yard dipper dredge is now cut- the vast area of the Everglades and
ting the hardest rock in this region the larger areas of muck lands and
at the rate of 120,O00 cubic yards per marl prairies east, north and west of
month without blasting. this drainage system would be thus
I have been intimately connected rendered susceptible of perfect drain-
with the drainage of the Everglades age by the cutting of the necessary
since 1881 and have always contended drainage canals, laterals, sub-laterals
that a tide-level canal through Lake and Afleld ditches to care for the 60
Okeechobee from the Gulf to the At- inches of annual rainfall.
lantic would be more effective and This sea-level canal would be
economical and in the end less costly thr6.ugh one of the most productive
than a series of shallow canats with portions of the nation. "with fertile
numerous locks, spillways and by- soil, abundant rainfall, continuous
passes to control the level of water sunshine, in a semi-tropical climate,"
in Lake Okeechobee necessary for a land of broad prairies. vast areas
navigation; that these locks, dams of Everglade muck soil of "wonderful
and other obstructions to drainage productivity'-a region destined to
would necessarily, to a great extent, be one of the most densely populated
militate against the State's prime ob- agricultural regions in America. with
ject for which the lands were origin- large commercial and manufacturing
ally conveyed to the State; that is, cities at the terminals of the ship
"to drain and reclaim the swamp and canal, with commerce of the world
overflowed lands of the State," and passing their w.harves and factories-
that the cams necessary for construc- a region which will afford tarms, pas-
tion (false work) should be removed tures, sugar and rice plantations,
as soon as practical in order that orange groves, winter vegetable fields
drainage should' be prompt and effi- and other profitable occupations for
client. many -thousands of "our boys" on
In this connection I quote from a their return home; in a region noted
communication to the "'Board of for its health, equitable climate, its
Trustees of the Internal Improvement rapid development and the enterprise
Fund" and "Board of Drainage Com- and industry of its citizens.
missioners," January 30, 1915, pro- ____ W.S. S.
testing against the construction of S
locks, dams, spillways, etc., designed f
to hold Lake Okeechobee at 16 feet MICCOSUKEE
above tide level, lut 6 feet below ex. "J
treme high water, necessarily defeat- Miss Annie Bond, of Lloyd. was the
ing the proper drainage of the terri- guest of Mrs. Kate an Brunt Friday.
tory: Mrs. Bevisnis spending a few days
Control of Lake Okeechobee. ... .,, ;-
I ith Mip sn ur s P. Be,.s. and,

"'Referring to the assumption of
control of the level of the waters of
Lake Okeechobee by the U. S. War
Department for navigation purposes:
"This matter has been fully con-
sidered at various times by the
'Board of Internal Improvement,' and
at all times the position has been
held, correctly, I believe, that Lake
Okeechobee, prior to the cutting of
the State canals, in 1SS882-3, from the
falls of Ft. Thompson into the lake,
,was an inland pond, connected by no
visible stream with the Caloosa-
batchee River, and by no means a
navigable stream or creek, hence not-
subject to the U. S. navigation law's
and not under the jurisdiction of the
War Department as such. See pro-
ceedings of the I I .Board, February
18, 19,13, pages 169-171, Volume 5.
I'l suggest that the necessity of
building control works dams or locks
for navigation from Lake Okeechobee
to the Gulf, assumed by the War De-
partment, is an assumption not au-
thorized by law or by the facts, and
hold that these canals and waterways
belong to the State and are not legally
under the control or authority of the
United States; that the State has
never parted with the ownership or
control of Lake Okeechobee, or the
,canals, and that steamers or other
craft using the canals are trespassers
on the property of the State.
"The further fact that the War De-1
apartment has at no time attempted
to improve the channel (cut by rhe
State.) from the falls of Ft. Thompson,
the head of navigation on the Caloo-
sahatuhee River, to Lake Okeechobee,
and that dt present, as on previous
occasions, there Is no navigable chan-
nel from the lake to the river, con-
firms this position.
"I predict, however, that in but a
few years there will be cut by the
United States a sea-level ship canal
from St. Lucle to Ft. Myers, through
Lake Okeechobee, thus draining the
lake, and that such canal will not


Bear 4'c interest compounded quarterly if
held to maturity in 1923. They can be cashed
at any postotfice by giving ten days' notice.
If cashed before 1923 they draw about 3'- .

On sale at this bank.





On account of the distance between
Pensacola and Jacksonville, points
where laboratories of the State Board
of Health are located, physicians
practicing in that part of Florida. be-
tween Walton county and the Suwan-
nee river have made an effort to
have a branch laboratory established
near the center of such territory. The
State Board of Health has the matter
under advisement. Tallahassee has
put in her claim, based largely on the
fact that she has two colleges: but
Chattahoochee, where Is located the
Florida Hospital for the Insane,
seems to be the logical place for such
a laboratory. all things considered.
Dr. W. M. Bevis, superintendent,
when asked about tthe proposition,
gave us the following Information:
"Chattahoochee is 82 miles east of
DeFuniak Springs and 98 miles west
of Madison: is the terminal of four
railway lines, three of which supply
Florida territory, and is otherwise the
center of the area to be served.
"The Florida Hospital for the In-
sane now has about 1,450 inmates
and greatly needs such a laboratory
to aid in determining quickly and ac-
curately the real disease of each per-
son admitted. Prior to 1913 there
was a bacteriologist and pathologist
at the hospital and a well-equipped
laboratory was maintained, but this
office was abolished temporarily by
the Board of Commissioners of State
Institutions on account of incompati-
bility of the person then in charge of
the laboratory, and has never been re-
"In 1916 a new, commodious labora-
tory was installed and other features
were added, preparatory to the estab-
lishment of a. modern laboratory, in-
cluding a small gas plant. This build-
ing is still unoccupied.
-"A routine examination is made of
the blood of every person admitted to
the hospital, as well as other secre-
tions and body fluids when indicated.
and the specimens not tested by the
physicians at the hospital have to be
sent to Jacksonville. On account of
the great, amount of time consumed
in these examinations much more
could be accomplished and better re-
sults obtained for these unfortunate
people if this work could be done on
the grounds, as formerly.
"Recently this matter was taken up
by the Board of Commissioners of
State Institutions with the State
Board of Health with a view of estab-

itU uher sonu .r.. Lil$L. ... b..., U |lshine the laboratory at Clattanooga w
family. jointly for the use of the institution
Mrs Fred Smith has been at Liveand tbe physicians in this territory, m
Oak for several days with relatives. which seems to be the correct solution j.
Mrs. Frank Winchester is in Pavo of he problem The Boar. outlined .
nursing Mrs Coyle Winchester and the proposition to the State Board of w
children, who are visiting there and Health as follows: The hospital to
who have been quite ill for several furnish their laboratory building, FI
days equip it thoroughly, and furnish all F(
Mr. T. T. Yarbrough and Mr. Fay the material needed for doing the
Bevis motored to Thomasville Thurs ork of the State Board of Health as E
dty evening. well as that of the hospital, furnish l
Mrs. W. T. Yarbrough and Mr. T. room and board for the bacteriologist
T. Yarbrough spent one day in Topom- and pathologist and otherwise put him F
asviile this week shopping. on parity with the members of the vi
School opens Monday, after having staff of the hospital. The State
been suspended for two weeks. Board of Health to select and pay the
Dr. Gv.'ynn, of Tallahassee, was salary of the laboratory man We
called over to see Mrs. George Miller feel that no other place in the terri-
Friday. Mrs. Miller has lived in this tory can offer such advantages and
lovely country home near Miccosukie at the same time serve so great a
since she was married to Mr. Miller number of citizens of Florida."
more than forty years ago. She Is a __
lovely character and has hosts of W.S.S.--
friends here who hope she will soon NEW UGA LES IN FORCE'
be vwell again. NEW SUGAR RULES IN FORCE
Miss Emma Hall, of Tbomasville,
spent last week-end with her parents Orlando, Nov. 5.-Conforming to the
here, Mr. and Mrs. Tom Hall. new allotment of sugar for Individual
Mr. Houston spent a portion of this users, Rule 8 relating to service 'of
week in Thomasville. sugar in public eating places has been
Mr. T. J. Brandon made a business amended as follows:
trip to Thomasville Thursday. ."In no event shall the amount served
Mr. and Mrs. T. S. Green motored to any one person at any one meal ex-
to Thomasville Thursday afternoon, ceed one-half ounce."
Mr. T, J. Cromartie spent Sunday The sugar service now authorized
afternoon at Lloyd. under Rule 8 of the hotel and restau-
W. S. S.-- rant regulations allows bne teaspoon-
100TH DIVISION BEING FORMED. ful for coffee 'or tea, and one tea
spoon ful or Its equivalent for fruit or
The formation of the new 100th cereal, but not for both fruit and cereal
Division of the American Army was served at the same meal.
begun at Fort Worth, Tex., last week For a deml-tasse one small lump of
with Missourians, Nebraskans and sugar canu be served.
Texans. Oklahomans will come in N'eio Rulings on Cream.
later. Gen. W. M. Cochran, of At- Announcement has been made from
lanta and New York, is commander. Washington that the recently published
W. S. S.-- rule restricting the sale and use of
The city of Selma, Ala., has decided sweet cream has been suspended until
to hold up the payment of $5,000 sink- further notice. This means that there
Ing fund bonds held by citizens of is no restriction on the sale or use of
Bremen, Germany. cream of any per cent of butter fat.

Florida Boy Saved From Sinking
The following- message was re-
ceived by A. E. Redman last Sunday
night from Washington:
"Glad to inform you Sergt. Harold
D. Redman, Coast Artillery Corps,
was saved in sinking of Otranto, Octo-
ber 6th. HARRIS, the Adjt. Gen."
--W..S. S.--S
Lafayette County: Peanut yields very
satisfactory. This guarantees a much
greater acreage another year.

Splce in this column free to all farm-
ers-or their wives--who are sub-|
scribers to the Record.

WANTED-Pecans in 100 pound lots.
Stare price per pound In first letter. Pre-
fer to buy from growers. Herbert M.
Blanton, Clearwater, Fla.
FOR RENT-630 acre plantation. Ideal for
stock raising. Plenty of water and good
pasture. B. K. Phipps, Tallahassee, Fla.
horse and one good mule, also a buggy.
Will sell or exchange for mlch cows or
hbeifera. E. L. Proctor, Box 466, Tallabhas-
FOR SALE-1000 bushels Fulghum Seed
Oats. R..G. Johnson, Tallahassee, FIa.
FOR SALE-Three good Jersey Cows. Ross
C. Crater, Box 40, Route B, Tallahassee.
WANTED--One McCormick Mower, 1 Hay
Press and 1 Corn Planter. H. T. Hal,
Tallahassee, R. F. D. "A."
WANTED-From 50 to 150 acres of velvet
bean pasture. Must have good fence'and
water. Wanted Immediately. Miles John-
son, Jr.,. Tallahassee.
WANTED-To buy or rent one d'milk
cow. She must g.re'ind"lees. n thr-er
gals. per day. N. M. Salle'y, Tel ahone 409,
FOR SALE-Mules, Harness, Farm Im-
plements of all kinds. Want to sell my
whole outfit at once. Come and get what
you want at your own price. Do It now.
B. K. Phlpps.
WANTED-A number of good grade Hol-
stein milch cows. M. H. Johnson, Jr.
FOR SALE-Baled oats, $28 per ton. W. E.
McCauley, Tallahassee.
WANTED-Three good milch cows. Dr.
C. A. O'Quinn, Perry, Florida.
FOR SALE-One velvet bean mill. $25.
Geo. Lamb, Tallahassee.
FXUt SALE--One John Deere binder. Prike,
$50. Can be put In best condition for very
mail cost. John Moore. Tallahassee.
WANTED-Power hay baler. Geo, Lamb,
Tallahassee. Fla.
FOR SALE-50 head Jersey cows and
heifers at $50. W. T. Bannerman, Beach-
ton, Ga,

OR RENT-700-acre farm at $1 per acre.
Will give five-year lease. W. T.. Banner.
an, Beachton. Ga.

FOR SALE-Several good Jersey helpers.
Price on application. Geo. Lamb, Talla-
hase-e, Fla.

ANTED-Regular work on farm by wom-
an, 22 years old, with 2-year old baby;
ust be outdoors; experienced in milking
Ca's and doing many kinds of farm.work.
pply J. 0. Troxler, farm help spelallat,
ainesville. Fla.
VANTED-Two good pure-bred Holet-in
milch cows. L. W. Scott, Tallahassee,
OR SALEI-A young 3-gallon cow, just
fresh. May be seen any time. Mrs.
Isle Vason, Route A-1, Tallahassee, Fla.
'ANTED-Camphor seed ate$5 per bushel.
Edward Creel. Tallahassee. FJa.
OR SALIE-Pure-bred Jersey bull, "200.
J. M. Scott, University Florida, Gaines-
lle, Fla.

100-pound lots. State price per
pound in first letter. Prefer to buy
from growers.
Clearwater, Fla.

Auto Top


This la the time of the year for
a new top on the car. I am doing
this kind of work daily for
ethers-I would like to do work
for you.
New cushions made or old ones

Harness 8hop
South Modree Street
Near Capitol




11 ,

I --.


Tallahassee. Thursday. November 7 1019

Iror Good Government., Good Sehools. Good
t Roade'and GoodC..People.,' . .
Editor and Publisher.

Office: outh Monroe and East Pensacola
Streets, Tallahassee, Fla. P. 0. Box 509.
The same to everybody- whether tor one
Inch or for a page-sent upon application.
One Tear - - - - - One Dellar
SIx #Mtmths - - - - - Fitt Cents
Trree blehba . . . Twenty-five Cents
: : : TLEPHONE 75. : : :
iEntered as saerod.class matter Aorll 9th.
1915, at the Pest Office at Tallahassmee,
Florida. under the Act of March. 2, 1879.


-- .:1 ,
;2-~~ Ial

This Is The Record's Service Flag.
The stars represent:
Thomas King.
Willie Fackler.
William T. Appleyard.
J. C. Yeargin.
Paul S. Appleyard.
Joe L. Bryan
Frank L. Parise
Julius McGowan.
Thomas F. Jones.
Albert Boatright


"The Melancholy Daze" is a splendid
cartoon in the Tampa Times.
----W. S. S.-
Vulgarly speaking, the Kaiser "L,,.
off more than he could chew."
--W. S. S ',e-
It f, not be so very long before
-'Johnb "Jonf, 'Marching. Home."
-----W. 8. 8.-
It is said there will be some change
in the Leon County Community Labor
----W..8.---- .
**The old Johnny Rebs" will be with
us early in December. Let's give them
a rousing time.
--W. S. S.-.
Down Tampa way they say that the
Kaiser is "down In the mouth because
his throne is up in the air."
-W. S. S.--
Don't sell your Liberty Bonds, nor
swap them off for what may prove
to be worthless stock schemes.
-W.S. 8.-
The Emperor of Austria has abdi
cated. He sure has. And likewise
he has been beautifully licked.
-W. 8. S.--
The press of the State is doing some
loud talking about the condition of the
bioys' reform school at Marianua.
-W. 8.8.----
Aud the Huns wanted the air raids
stopped after they had their plane
bases taken from them. Wonderful
g---W.. S.----
Herb. Felkel is still trying to con-
vince an intelligent public that they
'have "blue-eyed Hebes" over in his
--W. S. 8.-
Tom Marshall may have to cast the
deciding vote in the next U. S. Sea
ate. Well, he isn't afraid to tackle
the job.
-w--aW. S.S--
The Leon School Board did the
proper thing when it voted to pay the
teachers for lost time during the flu
--W. 8. 8.-
We were never credited with being
anything qf a politician, but we sure
had sense enough not to write too
many letters.
--:--W. S.8.
It is to be hoped that the next Leg-
islature will submit to the voters a
woman suffrage amendment to the
State constitution.
----w. 8. 8.--
We have met the enemy, politically,
last Tuesday, and he does not seem
to be ours. Lofok as If the next Na-
tional House of Reps. Is Rep.
-w. 8. S.-
Hon. Robt. W. Davis ("Our Bob")
la now associate editor of the tialnes-
villa Sun. It will not Interfere with
his governmental duties.
W. S. S.
In the meantime, what became of
the county publicity tax that was to
have been voted on Tuesday? Seems
to have gone the way of all flesh.
--W. 8. 8.-
Folk of Missouri is among the "also
ran" class for U. S. Senator from his
State. The wonder Is that the Demo-
crats ever expected to elect him .
----W. 8. 8.--
Things are in a pretty state down
Dural way. Mr. Rest has established
the fact that he retains the confidence
of the people there, an Indictment by
the grand jury to the contrary not-

____ __ ____ ______

have made It necessary for the chem-
eical warfare headquarters here to re-
new its appeal.
W. S. S.
Good morning, Congressman Smith-
wick. How are you feeling?

. I

Mr. J. R. Miller. of Lloyd. special
agent for Lead county, reports that
there were 1,462 bales of cotton
ginned on the 1918 crop prior to Octo-
ber 18, 1918, as compared with 1,722
bales ginned to October 18, 1917.


Some comment has been had by the
State press during the past week
about the condition of affairs at the
Industrial School for Boys at Marl-
anna. Things were bad there, it is
true, but no worse than in some of
the best hospitals of the country. The
prevailing epidemic of flu caught the
management without nurses and with
no way to get them With all the
tro.ubl% oply one white boy and four
negroes died: At one time, out of
about 200 negro boys, all were ddwn'
sick with the exception of six, and
all in bed except 21. For some time
there had been preparations for a
change in management, but the small
salary allowed by law 1$125 per
month i would not get a first-class
manager An investigation is being
had, and when we tell the newspaper
men of Florida that the committee
who has charde of this side of the
work at the State Board is composed
of Hon. H. Clay Crawforil, Secretary
of State; Hon. Van C. Swearingen,
Attorney General, and Hon. W. N.
Sheats. Superintendent of Public In-
stri';tion, we believe they will with-
hold their final judgment until the
investigation is completed. Certainly
no one who knows these gentlemen
would for a moment doubt their kind-
ness of heart and desire to aid the
unfortunates in every way possible.
But just bold up your criticisms until
the report comes in. and place the
blame where it belongs.
----W. S. 8.--

Trees have many, many uses. Flor-
ida has more varieties of trees than
any other State. Trees supply fruits,
nuts, oils, sweets, dyes. drugs, chem-
icals. tar, pitch, turpentine, gum, rub-
ber, cork, and a countless list of other
things. Ships, furniture and houses
are built from trees. All these things
are of vast economical value to man.
Are we making practical effort to in-
crease the growth of trees? asks the
State Marketing Bureau Trees grow
while we sleep. In the old days wal-
nut trees were cut down and split
into rails and firewood. Now walnut
stumps are worth lots of money.
It has been well said that "man is
the highest form of animal life and
trees are the highest form of veg-
etable life." Take the tree products
out of our economic daily life and it
would require a mighty effort to find
substitutes. It is doubtful if they
could be found.
Trees beautify the landscape; they
purify the air; exhaling moisture,
they help to maintain humidity: they
break the force of wind, shelter plants
and animals which otherwise would
become extinct .and supply food and
clothing; indeed, the uses of trees
passeth understanding.
Like men in cities and towns, the
trees assemble in forests and groves.
The forests, like the cities, have their
water and gas systems, their friends
and enemies, and from their leaves
supply fertilizer to the ground for
other growths.
Trees have their personality, each
vith meaning, expression and charac-
ter. No two of even the same variety
are alike. The oaks may all look
alike, but the shape, branching and
leaf arrangements are different. They
change with the seasons and take ad-
vantage of every scrap of sunlight,
air and rain, and struggle nobly wHen
denied these essentials of life.
In ancient times trees were objects
of worship by men. Historic trees
stand in every country. The litera-
ture of trees is a voluminous one.
Trees bearing fruits and nuts are
members of the great family stand-
ing at the head of all vegetation.
Man comes into Biblical view in a
garden of trees. Florida leads in
variety ot trees.
Governments on all continents are
giving oticial attention to the preser-
vation of trees. Large tracts of wood-
land have been set aside by various
American States and by the Federal
government, and these and the more
enlightened private owners are using
scientific methods of forestry. This
subject has become such an important
issue that many colleges have estab-
lished schools to study it. Forestry,
or sylviculture, as it is technically
termed, is simply an intelligent mau-
agement of woodlands, the use of only
mature trees and the protection of
others to allow full growth. Fire an-
nually destroys great values.
Florida bas not officially recognized
the importance of encouraging and
protecting its forests. It gave a large
sum, as did the Federal government,
to save the orange trees from a single
enemy. Not only the country, where
homes are void of beneficial shade
and leafy inspiration and food Is the
form of fruits and nuts. but the cities
and towns need trees. It Is a pleasure
to view from a high building the
verdure of Jacksonville as it is to
stroll about the streets and parks of
Tallahassee with its magnificent
trees and Its handsome homes. Trees
are never without interest to those
whose eyes are opened to the wonders
of nature.
--W. S. 8.-

The government needs one million
pounds of nut shells and fruit stones
daily fur manufacturing gas mask
charcoal, and at present is unable to
purchase one-third that amount. This
and the failure of the public to co-
operate fully by saving and sending in
this form of waste from the kitchen


Five years ago Congress created a
National Bureau of Markets and gave
fifty thousand dollars with which to
begin operations. The last Congress
appropriated two million five hun-
dred thousand dollars for it. and now
it is the largest and most important
bureau of the old and long-established
Department of Agriculture. Twen:y
States have since established their
own marketing bureaus to co-operate
with the Federal Bureau. It is only.
a question of time when all the States
will be organized and have their local
marketing bureaus to co-operate with
State bureaus. .
Why not county cdmnaissioners of
marketing as well as county survey-
ors, county superintendents bf
schools, and so on through all tie
ramifications of business and society?
Marketing should be as systematic-
ally directed under authority as the
building of a road or bridge, running
a school or conducting a bank, r
store. No church or fraternal body
could exist without authority behind
them. There are wardens to lo~k
atter fish and wild game. Why riot
local official direction to the proper
marketing and distribution of crops?
Agriculture is the vital and ful ila-
mental industry of the world. WiFh-
oit the products of the land there
would re no factories and no cities.
Were all the farms to fail in produc-
tion for a single year, no factory
vnheel would turn, and famine would
stall.: the earth.
Distribution of farm products at
this time is unnecessarily congli-
cated and amazingly extravagdit,
says the State Marketing Bureau.
The present system has been deuel-
oped by distributors rather than by
consumers and producers, and more
with the intent to greatest profits
along these lines than with a vipw
to the cheapest service.
One only needs to watch maTket
quotations to frequently note a .f-
ence of 10 to 50 per cent in the'prlce
of such staples as meat and eggi .at
towns not fifty miles apart, and yet
the cost of transportation Is notOne
per cent of the market price. t'his
anomaly can only be dealt with it an-
organized and directed way.
Producers must learn to work to-
gether, just as speculators have
learned to do. who now work ,oth
ends and the middle. Producers must
learn and know grades, and 1,aow
how to raise crops of quality and
how .to protect from wastage and
spoilage. Middlemen cannot be dis-
pensed with, but they should not be
allowed to dominate and absorb the
big end of the profits. As long as
producers are not organized, just that
long will they continue to be the prey
of midway organizations.
Under a systematic distribution,
directed and managed by the State in
co-operation with the Federal authori-
ties. with local directors or commis-
sioners in each county, there-Cbould
be prevention of gluts and famines,
and avoidance of an annual waste
running into countless millions of
dollars. Whenthe farmer can beQpure
of selling his products at a fairi-rlice
he will grow enough to keepltthe
tables of the city consumer supplied,
and that is not the case now:.-nor
ever has been. It ia estimated' that.
half of the population of American
cities is not amply fed. Hungry'chil-
dren by the thousands can be found
in every large city, and yet thousands
of ears ot foodstuffs are annually
wasted for want of intelligent care
and proper distribution.
And what a saying can be made
with co-operate motor hauling of
products to town. Instead of one man
hauling his own load, a dozen or
twenty men taking time to do what
one man could do under proper ar-
rangements, with corresponding 'sav-
ing of money and time.
Then accounting systems can be es-
tablished by countries and farmers
supplied with a practical method of
bookkeeping to enable them to report
the data necessary to determine, with
sufficient accuracy, the cost of pro-
ductions Railroads figure out what
it costs to haul all kinds of freight.
Wheu approximate accuracy is se-
cured in production, 'tlen price regu-
lations in sales can be assured with
more justice. Conditions vary great-
ly in the cost. of production through.
out the country and they can only be
secured by well devised system and
then enforced, just as any law is for
the public welfare.
-W. S. S.--

An Associated Press dispatch last
week says: "The immediate passage
through Congress of a law prohibiting
the landing at an American port of
German-made toys or other German-
mad merchandise, until the Central
Empires have agreed to an Allied
peace, was urged in a resolution
adopted by the Toymakera' Associa-
tion of America. The shipment is said
to consist of seven thousand cases of
German-made toys of an estimated
cost of half a million and arrived here
last week after two years detention
in Holland."

The shipment referred to above .was
ordered by Butler Bros., of New YorK,
before the war started. They were
paid for at the time of purchase, but
this firm has refused to accept them.
They have been held up in Rotterdam
ever since, until a few weeks ago.
when they were shipped, probably in
hope of the Germans of renewing
American trade. But Butler Brothers
preier to lose its money to having any
German-made goods. This firm sets a
good example. Let Americans make
their own toys or buy from their
allies. The hands that shape German
goods may be stained with the blood
of Americans or their friends.
--W. S. S..--


7..500 cars of watermelons and 255,-
00) crates of cantaloupes have been
shipped from Florida in a single sea-
son. Yum! Yum!

The Florida velvet bean crop is
around 1,000,000 bushels.
The Florida East Coast local train
stops 160 times between Jacksonville
and Key West.

Florida is equal in area to Maine,
New Hampshire. Vermont, Massachu-
setts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.
They contain 15,000,000 people. Flor-
ida has only 1,000,000 people.

Florida has 1,200 miles of sea coast.

The distance in Florida from north
to south is 560 miles; from east to
west 410 miles. It is about the same
distance from Pensacola to Key West
by rail as from Jacksonville to New
iork. Members of the Legislature
from Monroe county travel about 700
miles to reach the State capital.

Florida has 5?,C66 square miles of
area, with 3,S05 square miles of it in

( Florida has 30,000 lakes, Lake Okee-
chobee has an area 'of 1,000 square
miles, the second largest in the Union/

There are nineteen navigable rivers
in Florida.

It has been estimated that an acre
of Florida water can be made to fur-
nish a" much food as an acre of land.

There are some 650 varieties of fish
in Florida waters.

Florida farm land increases 165 per
cent In value each decade. She has
37,700,000 acres.

Florida has more than 10,000,000
acres of land with a firm red clay sub-
Soli. It Is not all sand.

f There are 2,000,000 acres of land in,
the Everglades as rich as any In the2
b W. S. S.--


The round-trip rate frop Tallahas-
see to Jacksonville on account ef the
State Fair and Farmers' National Con-
gress has been fixed at $7.45. Pull-
man is extra. Tickets are good on
trains from Nuvember 26 to midnight
of December 8. A number of towns
are omitted from the rate, and those
who wish to take In the show will
have to come to Tallahassee to get
their tickets.


The :first subscription to the
United War Work campaign that
opens one week from today was
voted yesterday by the West Palm
Beach Typographical Union. While
the union is small, it has several
stars in its service flag, one be-
inig gold, for Leo Lopez, who was an
apprentice member.-Palm Beach


The following is the semi-annual
apportionment of the State one-mill
tax made November 4, 1918. by Hon.
W. N. Shearts, State Superintendent
of Public Instruction.
Amount for apportionment, $136.-
109.71; rate per pupil. $1.00.
Arerage Amount
CorjntTy- Attendancr. Apportioned.
Alacha 5,9A3 $ 5,983.111
Baker ..... .. .. 1 921.01)
Bay ... ....... .. 1,533 1,533.00
Bradford ....... 2.634 2.634 11
Brevard ........ 1,340 1.340 00
Broward .... ... 832 832.00
Calhoun ............. 1,339 1,331.9 00
Citrus ............. 978 97S.00
Clay . ........ 893 893.00
Columbia ... .. 2.909 2,900.01
Dade ..... .. 4.168 4.16.00
DeSoto ......... 4,242 4.242.00
Escambia ..... 5.504 5,504.00
Flagler ... ......... 279 279.00
Franklin .......... 574 574 00
Gadsden .... .... 3.479 3,479.00
Hamilton ......... 1,957 1.957.00
Hernando ......... 741 741 00
Hillsborough 11,713 11.713 00
Holmes .. ....... 2,178 2.178.00
Jackson . . ..... 5,957 5,957.00
Jefferson . ..... 1,898 1.898.00
Lafayette' ....
Lake .. . . ... 1,864 1.864.00
Leon ... . .... 3,167 3,187.00
Levy ... ......... 1,760 1,760.00
Liberty ..... ..... 785 785.00
Madison ... ... .... 3,153 3,153.00
Manatee .... ....... 2,515 2,515.00
M arion ......... .... 4,341 4,341.00
Monroe ... .. . 1,796 1,796.00
Nassau ... ...... 1,383 1.383.00
Okaloosa ..... .. 1,52S 1.528.00
Okeechohee ...... 309 309.00
Orange .... ... .... 2,599 2,599.00
Osceola ....... .... 1,160 1.160.00
Palm Beach .. ... 2,251 2,251.00
Pasco ... ..... ....... 1,431 1,431.00
Pinellas ............ 3,477 3.477 00
Polk .......... .. 5.757 5.757.00
Putnam ........... 2,075 2,075.00
St. Johns ........ 1,612 1,612.00
St. Lucie ......... 1,271 1,271.00
Santa Rosa. ...... 2,094 2,094.00
Sem inole ........... 1,5o2 1,552.00
Sum ter .. ........ .... 1,38 a 1,386.00
Suwanee . . 3,490 3,490.00
Taylor .................. 1,186 1,186.00
Volueia ... .......... 3,267 3,267.00
Wakulla ........... 79S 798.00
Walton .......... 2,109 2,109.00
Washington 2.042 2,042.00

124,420 $124,420.00
Amount not apportioned..... 11,869.70

T otal ............................ $136,109.70
--W. S. S.

I- JVith the

Three dozen charming Tampa girldC
compose the Tampa Club in the
Woman's College at Tallahassee. We
pit them against twice that number
selected carefully from the rest of
the student corps, for the highest
average of good looks and winsome-
ness.-Tampa Tribune.

Poultry production in Florida is to
be promoted to short courses in the
various counties-lectures by govern-
ment experts. The present prices of
chickens and eggs will do more.-
Citrus County Chronicle.

Even the mocking birds seem to
know that peace is near-Tampa

I Tribune.

The stork express has Tampa on
its regular stop schedule now.-
Tampa Tribune.

Black whales have been seen off the
coast of Clearwater. Clearwater
modestly admits that they are black
whales when it might have claimed
they were Hun U-boats.-Plant City

We don't see anything out of pro-
portion with fifteen-dollar-a-box Flor-
ida oranges when we have to pay fifty
cents a pound for western pork-
Tampa Tribune.

Ernest C. Austin, of Tampa, now in
France with the 24th Engineers,
writes that "the boches are so low
down in their methods that they'd
have to make an altitude record flight
to reach hell."-Lakeland Star.

The Ocala Star says: "The Kaiser
and his six sons are the seven deadly
sins of Germany."

If you want to do something really
worth while, send aid to Marcus
Flagg, State Superintendent of the
Children's Home Society, in Jackson-
ville. This society has been Imown
as "Florida's Greatest Charity" and

State Press

as done much for the orphans and
deserted children all over Florida.
There are seventy sick children and
ten ill workers. St. Petersburg

If we were St. Petersburg we would
abolish all time. Dwellers in that de-
lightful land don't want to be re-
minded that the hour of their depart-
ure is being hourly ticked nearer.-
Tampa Tribune. ,,..- .-- --- -

There will be great'crowds of visit-
ors to all parts of Florida this winter.
Thousands of them are coming at
least two months earlier than usual
and thousands are coming here who
have never been south before. Better
get ready to accommodate them.-
Lake Worth Herald.

Through trails from Cincinnati and
Chicago to Florida are being put on
by the railroads, which is an indica-
tion that the administration is going
to help people to reach our incompar-
able winter climate to escape the
rigors of the north. At the same time
the administration will be aiding in
the saving of ruel and winter cloth-
ing.-St. Petersburg Times.

The first strawberries of the 1918-19
season have made their appearance in
several places in Florida, and it goes
without saying that they were not
allowed to remain long in view, even
though the prices were exceedingly
high. There are always some people
who are willing to pay any price for
the luscious fruit after being denied it
for several months, and usually the
fancy groceries have orders ahead for
the first receipts of strawberries.-

John D. Sherwin, editor of the Fort
Lauderdale Herald, left for New York
last Tuesday to take up his duties
with the Y .M. C. A. After a week
spent in training school he will leave
for overseas service with the "Y."

I Up and Down Florida

Three new ships were last week add-
ed to the new American merchant ma-
rine, when District Supervisor W. C.
McGowin, of the United States Ship-
ping Board, officially accepted the 3,-
500-ton wooden steamers Basogo, Ala-
bet and Marrlsh. The Bagoso was built
by the Morey & Thomas shipyard in
Jacksonville, the AJebet was built by
the American Shipbuilding Company,
of Brunswick, Ga., and outfitted by
the Jacksonville Ship Outfitting Yard,
and the Marrish was built by the
Murdock Shipyard, of Jacksonville.

The name of Sergeant Burroughs C.
Blackman, of Penona, Fla., has been
added to the list of American soldiers
lost In the sinking of the British
steamer Otranto off the coast of Scot-
land, October 6, the War Department

Melbourne Times: Work on the oil
well at Tlllman is again progressing,
after a week's delay occasioned by boil-
er trouble, due to salt water getting
Into It. Manager Maby is pushing the
work as rapidly as possible, and Is
anxious to bring in a gusher in order
that the supply of oil products, so bad-

ly needed at this time, may be In-

The manager of the Indian River
Packing Company says he has ar-
ranged his plant at Cocoa rcs women
workers this season and Is ready to
open with several cars of grapefruit
The company will do everything pos-
sible to make the women comfortable
nnd contented In the work and will
pay good wages-better than has ever
been paid for this kind of work be
fore. The roving tpickers and packers
who have heretofore done much bf
this work in Florida are notwexpected
this year, and women will be engaged
for the work.-Moore Haven Times.

It has been decided by the Bishop
and Presiding Elders to hold the next
annual conference in Bartow instead
of Jacksonville. The conference will
begin December 4 and continue five or
six days, as usual. The Methodists of
Bartow District are very much delight-
ed with the change.-Ft. Meade Lead-

Tampa cigar factories turned out 47,
126,380 cigars In September.





Once Again'

Leon county has responded nobly to every call
that t'he great war has made upon us. All
loans-all drives-have been oversubscribed.

Next Week

We are asked to give once more-this time
for the comfort and well-being of our Boys.
Let us give to our utmost-the Boys are
worthy of it.

The United War Work


Needs your help and your money. Once more
let us overdo it.

The Exchange Bank





East Coast and West Coast

The Florida


Issued Weekly By The Post Publishing Company.

VOL. 1, NO. 14.




Annual Subscription, Two Dollars.
Single Copy, Five Cents.

30, 1921.




$750,000 in Securities
Successfully Dis-
posed Of

Money Actually Paid
and in the

A telegram from 1. T. Mcltarthy,
president of Wills & Sins & McCar-
thy. financial agents, receded in
WVest Palm IBe'ach Friday. amn-
11ouncel1 the successful Iconclulsioln or
negotiations fo,,r the sale of $75i.l.J0tl
of the securities ,of the Lake \\orthi
drainage district, tile remaiinler of
a second issue. The sale .sa, mad'
to investment t alankers tf hilh stand -
ing and toi the trustees of the I- lagle:"
estate. after thoroutigh invLesti nation
by the buyers' exptrt.s in drainage
and farm lanim. Thli miney ilas
been paid and is in bank-k Early com-
pletiion rf one of thie largest p 'r.jects.
in the state is this absured.
Lake Worth drainage district cin-
tains 131,347 acres of land, all
adapted to gemu.ral alarming aind
much of which is particularly well
adapted to dairying an'l the produc-
tion of citrus.fruits, Ipineahplles, vege-
tables a 'lcadoes, ritangoes and oilther
tropical fruits. \\'ith 75 per cent.
of tihe physical work finished, andIl
the proceeds of sale if a former lItil
issue exhausted, a catastrophe
threatened the district, for full util-
ity of the portion o'-f the work conm-
pleted depended ':mon execution of
the plan of reclamation entire. Drain-
age engineers and financiers made
certain that the three-quarters of a
million dollars now provided will be
ample to finish the work completely.
Lake Worth drainage district's
boundaries txtcnd from the city of
West Palm Beach 25'.. miles southli
to North Deerfield. on the Hillsboro
canal. andl the district has an aver-
age w'idth of about eight mtiles, tilti
eastern bundlary being, in the main,
a chain of lakes a few miles back
from the ocean. The lanid of the
district comnrises the "hack cuitin-
try" of We.t Palm Beathi. Lakc
Worth, Lantana. Hypoluxo, ]Boyn-
ton, Delray and Boca Ratone. towv.mi
now chiefly dependent for their pros-
perity on the t,.urist business anl
to lie aideld in their growth 1h) tile
developiimv t if the land into\ l'''I -
tected front danger o omvecrilo,\ and
also provided with facilities for sub-
Thie final andl total cost uf pro-
viding the 131,347 acres ilth what
is declared t., be the most perfect
system of v.ater control tn the Unit-
ed States, %will be an average of $50.86
per aL.re there h-ing that acreage
within thile boundaries of the dis-
trict. Th" e first bond issue on the
district was $1021.18,0100 ; a second is-
sue of $1.750.(0ll.. ws authorized aind
of which $1.0.t lt,(.) was smldd, the
$750.01i.1li now taken by inivestlii ntt
bankers and oth-.rs. making a total
principal of $2,778,00.1) TIne muleui)lt
for the first bond issue twas bIr-
rowed on an average. of 21.140 .,cars
and fior ill' sc,.il issui aforml an a. -
erage of 17' '. ears, the ,,n'l s ruuu-
iiing fr 30l yvar, but licin i tal.eill il
in series, some of them bi ef..re tlie
expiration of thu' full 30 )cars. 'lie
total interest Lharge miu tIne $2,7.8 -
1hl)10 will ainuiinmt to $.3,252,3. .r ail
thet whole cost of the work in the
dist ric. iri:'L ij al and i it rcst, v. ill
be $6, 1,269.5'. a surplus of Sr,5U,- I
879.59 healing required by the dr-din-
age law to prjc't time b.n'ls.
Linlire cost, principal and iinter-
st, willbe less -than thIe total of trhe
assessed benefits andi less than tlhe
suinn rof bonds authorized liy thie law
under which thi district wvs created.
The report that $1.7,Un)()i,II1 i o, hmn,,s
had l.eeni or would Iie issmni.! grew
out of a cnlif.siimn of the total of
principi al, irt-rcst aind surpluss .itilhr
thIe I.ss amiitounilt of biinls neecltd t,
be issued.
Cost of coiiistructioin _of all lhIe
work in thIe district is .'21 15 pI.r
acre. tlhe reinaiil, r of $3.'i.''i bl'.nitg
Organ iiized uihlir the gini ral 1.'.'A
of the state, as ,listiigtiswnd fin.i u

tie ,spLcial ai t f tlihe legislature cri--
ati ng the Et'-rgladles drainage dis-
trict, there is ni cim o-i ectioln b l .'.'.e en
the Lake Wortli district andI the
E]vergladI-s district exc<-ept that a
portion of the Lake Worth district
is also embraced in th., E% rglabd,.-
district on account oIf tlw big l ds-
trict lha ing beiin orgaiized prior 'In
the other. One of the extensilims f
thle Imbutdries of the E'-crglade.s
drainage district was that adjacent
and bmn-intcrd land bear imart ,if the
cost of lock S in the West Paimni
lieachi atndi Hitlll.ro canals. The
Lake Worth district is not depend-
ent uptii the caina.l of thle \'i-
.vl.1.,-.o lA' i-~r r arem tlh-b lrir ina, l

- '. ...... ..

_.2---- 2 'T DA

,2~ J.WJ' .I

______ ~ ''.A

-- '-.M! _A _I

41 ~

_____ ~~J ) AY
116 ~n'MAL.rrcLL~vTKW L46
__________________THE__LAKE_ 'WORTI


_ _ _ _ F%



.I.Tim11 N in

the stlub-district's costs are reduced
by using the main outlet canals al-
icadJ provided by the main district.
Special Type of Dams.
An element uof co.t in Lake Worth
diCstrict operations, are the "water
controls,'" concrete dams that con-
irol thie water tables in "units" 1.\
holding ur rttarding the flow of wa-
ter through the main outlet canals
imii' which the lateral ditches dis-
charge A special type of dam was
required because of the presence of
.sand. The t.Jlpe of dam settled upon
for use in the Lake Worth district
is male 'tithliut the piiing custom-
atry t.o damni where said is not en-
countered. Dams us:,t by British
engineers, in India, where similar
conditions are encountered were
th models o(if the water controls in
the ial,' \Worth district. Weight of
tihe lam is made a foctor i h lioldinii.
it iIn piLsuitiun and resisting the force
of the water; the dam is also tiihen
a briadl spread and in addition a
s, .te.m f "'baffles" is used to hold
, ack pri-'c latino water.,
Another machine' is u.tltitg west-
ward -in lateral No. 2 andl is about
reaty to cross Loxahatchee slough.
This lati.ral is a mile and a half
north of \\Vst I'alm Beach canal and
( Ikercholi.ce road : it crosses Military
TIrail. ivi o f this city. All work
in th' north ciml of the district, the
terniltr\ extending eight ,miles west
froin this i it). will be finished by the
first of N,,.'vemier and the machines
'\ill be I.laiIl ul. Th. area in which
winrk is cnimpleti' extends to the
inio 'iin c.iiial and makes an area ,I
ahliut 50.11IIi a;l -.rs. S uith of Boyn-
tni canal the control will be affi,rd-
ed hi Clami No. 11, which is the next
to lie finishe-.l, after which will come
lain No. 12. nmrthiwest of Yamato,
ail dami No. 15, southwest of Ya-
mat, 1. ).im ,or water control No.
1). lti'altl A%-est of Bica Ratone, was
iiiinh .I siiie iime ago.i. Land west
,f Del.rav is. partially protected from
ierfl,,w b:,' the lainral ditcles but
ihri full lc,,isiitre of service will not
he r'iin'l,,rt I nilil thi l c mii nplin'iii of
e'liuali/in/ig canal No. 4 and water
controls N,.. 12 and 15. An esti-
mate made si', (ral weeks ago ,fixed
March. 1922. as the time for the
cimplhtion ,,f all the work east of
the range lieii canal, which would
take in all of the land eight miles
,\est (of Delray.
The' lo'atiin of "equalizing ca-
nals.' dams, outlet canals and lateral
ditch constitutes an irrigation sys-
tem as wtell as a drainage system and
prides a series of sections, or
units, which icrmit differing eleva-
tions at which water can be held to
meet the varyinmi' needs of grove
,wnirs :in- truckers.
W\\'iththe ronainderlr no mnnonvr c .-

J. C. MSEN. C4I9 1Eriiw

cution of tlie wiork remaining to be
done. Range line canal, running on
line ii.tMten ranges -11 and 42. from
West Palmn Ieach canal to Hills-
boro canal, knuwn as equalizing ca-
nal No. 1 (El). anml equalizing canal
No 3 (E3), of the same length, are
finished and in use. E4, which con-
nects the chain of lakes along the
east coast, is complete from West
Palm 1'icaclh canal south through
Lake Clark. Lake 0(sbirn. Lake
Webster. Lake Boyntii and Lake
Ida to a i.point three-quarters of a
mile north of the Delray road, west
of that town. Thie work is being
r.,ne by a ihree-yard floating dredge,
\h iich will carry the equalizing ca-
nal to Hill sbuio river.
A twto-yard floating d(Ircd.e is
'.irkin east in outlet canal ,No. 38
and is at a point half-way between
E2 and E3. A Bucyrus drag-une
'machine is on the west end of out-
lef No. 38 between El and E2. This
part of. the district will be controlled
by W. C. 11 (water control, or dam,
No. 11), west of- Lake Ida, which is
the dam next to be constructed.
Two Bucyrus drag-line machines
are utiltim: east and west lateral
ditches in the territory west of Lan-
tana, between range line canal and
-qualiziing canal No. 2. Two ma-
chines are emnploeed in order that
one camp may serve for both crews.

East Coast R. R.
New Eq uipment
The annual report of the Florida
East Coast Railway Comnlpaiy for
the year 1920 slCis that there were
added to the equipment 10 Pacific
type locomotives, anid two switching,,
loioiiiti'm.. There were also pur-
chased two dining cars, two all-
steel mail car.,. six all-steel lbagga'_'e
cars and 10 Goodwin dump cars. Or-
ders were also placed for' 10 addi-
tional cabooses and 10 steel tank
water cars.
Construction of the additional
ferry slip at Kky West was begun
and will be (,ompleted this year, the
estimated cost being about $250,000.
An additional storage tank of 55,-
000 barrels capacity for fuel oil has
been completed at New Smyrna.
Other work authorized included
the following: New structures for
hi, Ci1in. 1 employees, including 27
houses for section laborers, some of
which have been finished; additional
water softener, etc., at New Smyrna;
new water tanks at Roseland and
Goulds, resliecti\ el', each 50,000 gal-
lons capacity; replacement of 70-
pound rails from St. Augustine to
Key West with 9Q-pound rails, work
ha, ing. l.'guin; additional .passing
fr, r aine n t avdanoinc.i i - inir-m

Demand for Pineapple Land In READY TO BEGIN Construction of

South End Lake Worth District WOJ -ON SPAN At Moore I

Growers Pay $40 to $70 Per Acre OVER THE LAKE Will Grind 400to
Depending on Location -Day, Making 3
Contractor .. to. Start Day, Makin 3
S.,,.i'e of pia,, les is iii,,,, in ,, I tl, ir pr,, i,, simt l.i,, iiii,, .. Mi. L .,iii- A ft A r r in n i ,
reast d i aronliId )clIrav aiIdi pur-1 ard imit _,t elti.ght au' I. it la A fter A D ail, 1 i c plans.
chases Of lan:I are eiing '.nale by lscas.ie' .jme ,f thi ther pInmCllppit Bond 1 l ui, ".....re Hacmin Sugar Corn-
grower, t hat tlhe mav exte'id their gr',,Iers at Delira, are-. -. 1. Schra- I pan.y uhich % \ill buihl a sugar
field,. visitors to W est l'alm Beach I der,. *,Nh1i has I.1 aci. I I-t .. .mtlh i
fr-im Delra'. rep rt. Last %ear aboltI 18 acres. lihim .\. .dir, 12 acri ; I BIDS FOR ROCK m llat that pla tate ., i a
1(J acres of land was ii pine., tht: W II I:rn,.. liallf an icrc.: Mr. l Iil-- special di watchh t. the Tampa Times,
largest lplantati'n being that 'if Nlr i man. 8 ares .... Scaaiigitr alld ARE REJECTED printed .\tgust 2.3, as folloUws:
Leonard,. a ctirmi s,,ion ian tai in f.i ithemi ,.lii iaiic and acreage, MN-Iore Ha-aen. A.ug. 23.-The peo-
:o.&l.,, wh,'o has, bought Nrs. Web- arc t recall.o at the lioinllmC-t. County Commission- "'le of this section are delighted to
b e r'. I ro p)e rlv. A .t -n\ ri i ,, th I )t Ira ro a d.I e ,t I ',,- P-a,.,. f
he-rlprte] i1 p ad* k 'now tliat work on thil e Iig plant f
IJoln .\. Zeedc, has I, ugit rmf t,,,..n sh. s. l IC ,lanta- ers W ill Advertise the Moore Ia en Sugar Corpora-
h lu< Actun. of Bridgtlon. N. i.,. lb tion.-I There i, a large area in that Th AO t,, ha actually begun. \ large
acres oil Atlai-ic avenue. west ot tcriit'.r Iat is gipi siil f .r Hie elflI T m ga fn.rce of men is at work clearing
town and has added 5 of tie 1i acres growth itf ite.lcappi..s. an'l it i e- --- b ing site n the w
to his plantati,-in. lie gut slips, fron'ti petcil ithait thlli till Ie one fi., thi (' Palmi Iaclh Post, August 23' railroad about a l in soi thi of tlh e
Cuba, buying them at about $21) a 1'."'l :r..ps inI that part o.f the Lake Bids if both the Maule and .O)jus big s.irup mill. which \%ill lie tranis-
th'usaild. it is uindersti.iC eI, the W north draina,t.gc dt:i ritt. Prices f' r ,ii'ck Comnpanies. to furnish a c'1N- fer'rel to ilis He, site, on thil rail-
frmi. lit .ni the 51.1,101 slips fro'mn Ha- such laiil %\aiy a n,,d il deal, rangiin sideraldle am.oumnt Of r,'ck to the ramdl.
vana bIei:n $193. from '.fi l to .711i ani a-cre., the varia- cnty w hre rejected at an adjournel \\-. Hartman, mill superintend-
R,'. llarv' l hlas b.h u:.ht 1 a re lion i ein g 'lue c' i nlv t' lcat iin of ,neetin of the acunty cjnmiissioi ers r u t, returned from .acks, n ville with
from the Mode-l Laud Com(-,panyv. tle trat -pir.\ mnity to thle road and yesterday. Tihe board took excep- the plans ,Tuesday', aiCl hias been
getting thle land at a liv, priLe ht- the t,,in. ti.o the Iids on the grounds that Iretparinig it start work from that
cause the ci.iilpain wanite t,.i cl'.sce l)iffi>n ltl in i ttiing sliji is thl the.\ were not in accord with the date. The plans were ,l.signed and
ouit the detachecd Pliect that laay in nil imieii lmi..in. 0It I. has lnti 1i fun sp( ecificati'.,iii as advertised. drawn b the ilbertI-Steveiis i Engi-d
that partiCular sr-ctiiun. The c.mnlipan well t, imtrniluce slip.) frim iout.si'l,: It was then decided by the i,,r n.iwerig L ian, of l-ackson eill,
has land in ltiher sections. "T1m the district anil thl w'.as undirltake, mi,.iui er that lids shom.ld be-- il i- anI are of the nmi .,ot modern typl .
tract is iiI Dixie High.I.a ahl.out a but late: ili (tl';an growers li;i'. miediately re-ad',crtised. The-, ;ill u e tie ". te.eni fl eating
niile siouthi of Delray and pines art ,ce nn leilnairling $5ll a thAu1sail iUr A.S. -ecker. of the A. S H'cke:r r ll," which i, ,,e of the latest im-
being set out. ,ils, which is regarded a.s t...xrlbi- L .niparlvy, of (Lleeland. Ohio. con '- ..ro ements in tie sugar industry
I. L. I;utler is planting three (Ir tant. T here is a s|i or that a r'ar tractors fur the new Lake \\-.irtil a, l i. ,ai t ,, greatly r increase tlhe
f'',ur acres ,,f pimnei un ineV. lair,; froni Cula stiu i ..s l t'. c,'ntaiii slip bridge, appeared before thie b ;. ri .ai,,acit.l is he mill. Itl is a Floritda
J. Henl Smitl is putting 'out six actImall'. contained ",ucticers aind stating that the\ were ready tv i be- capatent and ielinsi to the Gilbort-i
acres xtra. and \\'illie I-re anl that the Delra grower t,, whiim it gini work on the new bridlge a .,n Stvens I''ii'ri'ng C'olpanv andl
'eorge Frey are each setting out l as cii.%iisaned rLiLsd t I ac eplt the as their ioun.l could be ob,ta'im was invieintd I ,' .. D. Steens of
two or three acres in addition to car and liti actionn imlpeidld.'t which hle state' v.'-ould lie in the ery 'that cimiipan'' rmerlh y the Mer--
Sar future. Lb on the h appin val of th ril-Steven.,s Shiplbuilding Corpora-
r the iod by the chairman of the tin of lacksonville. It is an ar-
FrOtr M yerS Pd Pa m Bthc% lb in, Itwo" \Va s angrmenit liv which the lower roll
Folrt yers an d b, B, l eed that tihe approals of the glen flexibilityv i its inovemeents
*C, j 1*itracInr s holid "ill have been ap- anl greatly increases the power, cf
Joined B y A utom oble R oad ir n a dnesdte troller and gives much better re
Farmers Community Council, pre- N. A. Gilbert, of that company. is
.' -"M sent-request for the use of the a chemical eCgineir of reputation
Fort M\ 's Press Tells Ot loroess cou nch ir n G atour T1- an..l Ias ,ibe give elir:' charge ol
lN i tie council through the Glades. The t construction of the mill. He will
of Work in Lee County 'eSt as take under ons idera arrive the latter part of this week.
5_tiomn. Mr. Price tated that it would D. 1. Cotter. local auditor and
be necessary to have a boat to visit bookkeeper, is here now and will re-
In a news article and an editorial ing steadily u.i ti] e rini.1r. amni t.xpcI'Ct the various towns in the Everglades mai1,
the Fort M[ber.s Press makes de- to ha~,e it cumiileted bt-f.ore tlhe pIen- to secure subscriptions from farmers L. T. Pape of this city has been
tailed report and comment on the ing ,f their to.urit season to make the initial payment on the nma.de l'cal manager and'foreman ofe
stage of work on the cross-state It is easily possible right no',. property purchased for the rlarmiers' na- .ocal..maria .. a
road between that city and Palmin Mr. Wallis statrl,'. to make tlhe trip Market Bureau on Datura street.
Beach and reports that traffic al- front Wet Palm each to F,.t Mt MF y of $ .(t),000 will have toI V ir-inia F irm7
ready is in ful. swing. 'Thle Pre.s ers in li'.lt car., ferr.,inl. the nla- 1,e iai'l at an early date andi a ca,- ii i ir
describes the road as "'one of tlh,: chlnes across the urnbridged canals vass of the producers in the back
bigger south tli the e a iomplis d o biarges. 'ountrv Inmterested in the project Steel C
for south Florida and the east and The distance, as shown by .spit-d- wilt be called upon to subscribe to
west coasts. The news story in the ,meters of machines that have made thl fund necessary to purchase the
Press is as follows: the trip recently, is less than 150 property. I
The 1iong-siuLight and much de- miles. and as soon as the necessary A
sired highway across the state, C1n- bridges are built, ;it will be possible WARNING.AS TO Louisiana Sugar Ma
necting the east and west coasts b.- to miak' the ncriss-state trip in eitlier FERTILIZERS
a direct motor thoroughfare. is prac- Jdirectiu-i ii an easy half day's driv- Brilliant
tically conimplted, according to state-1 Ig. -
ments of persons who are making i Imiprtaiice of this cross-state Do you ever buy unknown or new.
constant use of the west end of the route is second only to that of the fertilizer materials on the advice of hat t he \ igiinia l'-riige & Ironi
road, and of others who have in the northern outlet, State Road No. 2.1 the man selling it? If you di,, you Comnpain, will erect the steel -strue-
S e W ith a road across the rstate....i....e.. inmtmr -. . ...... -_ Ii I--f ,-hd-I t-ro i .h. ..i a

last few weeks traversed r the eltir ..... r-* *... . .. . ... ... .
route, from West Palm Leach to con' cti,'i \Vest Palm Beach with
Fort Myers. F'rt Myers. steady streams of au-
. tomobile tourists may confidently be
The grade of the road is fiinlcd expected to flow in both directions,
for the entire distance in this ..1, the route ina through some of
and the highway is hard 'trfai-]ld thit most beautiful and picturesque
with the exception of a very few terrtor in south Florida, and iap-
miles, where the road turns to territory in south. Florida, and tap-
Moorles, where the road turns Ii one of the richest sections in
Moore 'Haven. ,this entire rig,.n. Much of the road
Palm Beach county is working (in ruLls in an arrow-straight line,, with-
the east end of the road. Thie work out detours or coinfusimg side or
has progressed, according to state- I cross roads, passing thiroi-h the
ments of persons who have traveled | richest giaziini. farming and truck-
over the road within the last few "i 4 lands in, the entire south. Lack
weeks, to a point where all that er- ,of such a road has militated against
mains to be done is the hard surfac- I,nuri.-t travl- on an east and west
ing of a few miles in Palm B'lach line across the state; but with a
county, and construction of bride-s hard surfaced road less than 150
over two or three drainage canals. miles Isloi, c.,niictii-.; the two coasts
Further, the trip from \V'.st Palm anil 11liking Frrti M\,rs and West
Beach to Fort Mcr-es has been.madie Palm Beach, a gnally auimentel
within the last few weeks by persons I fli''w .f motor travel is to 4e e'xpLit-
,lriving Ford cars. The cars \\ri-t ed (luring the c'.inijiii season, increas-
ferried over the unbridged canals ill'" as lii.' .vhI.I;, of the completion
on small 1,arges. It is not possible of the cross-state highway 'becomes
as yet, it is stated, to make the cross more general.
state trip in large machines, hut thi, i
will be possible in a short time, as PLANT POTATr 'Q
soon as the necessary bhridJges are
J. S. W allis, of the c'('AltI'd(Cti iI
firm of Wallace & Uezzell, inforiimel late S t p l t
The Fort Myers Press that lie is N later than September st 1lanrt
miianig the trip from this city.to a fall crop of Irish potatoes, says
making the trip from this city to ProfessorW. cL lsoy, of the Fsla
Moore Haven several times earliProfessor W. L Floyd of the Flor-
week. being in charge of extemnsAse ii .t.-iLlli, 1College, For seed
hiLilding at M oore Haven. M r. se s .ls I'ett p etoes of the
Wallisstated, that te ra is in iii-crop. It is better to slim.tut
Walls stated that the rway to is i them by exposing to light and air,
good condition all the way to Mr_,,r, which can be done by plaii'ig them,
Haven, and that only a very few on moist ,'I in a hal place
miles remain to he hard-surfacedl. for two weeks or more before plant-
The road. Mr. Wallis stated, leaves ing. Plant ',iiu those that show
the LaBelle road at the first section .,r,,t putting out, because all po-
line west of LaBelle, runnii, due tatoes will not .er minate readily.
east to a point about four miles cast ,hii. accounts for most poor stands
of that city, where it turns to srnik. of .Irish potatoes.
the line between Lee and (lades Th,: soil should be moist, weli
counties. From that point the road supplied with hurmus, broken deeply
runs directly east along the county and fertilized liberally with a fer-i
line to the point where the turn is tilizer c',nit;aiii]iii about 4 per cent.
made to Moore Haven. The route is I ammonia, 6 per cent. phosphoric acid
on the south side of the Caloosa- and 6 per cent. potash. The potatoes
hatchee all the way. .shioul'l be dropped further apart
In Palm Beach county, Mr. Wal- than -prinii potatoes as they require
lis said. work is progressing on the much moisture and October and No-
road, which is practically complletc'l, vember are often dry months.
with the exception of bridging two Do not expect as lar-,c a yield
or three drainage canals. Mucth of the as in sIr in:. but, 50 "'iiels from an
road in Palm BRach county has been acre may reasonably be expected.
har dsurfaced, and the rest is graded This will help materially in reducing
and in good condition for travel by the high cost of li' ini, when used at(
I - .!1 I n -I-t_ .- --A I--_1 1 e. 1-

Dr. R. W. .Rueprhlit. ho i: in
charge of the chemical laboratories
of the Florida l'.xpecriment Statiun.
has just issued a statciment of warn-
ing to farmers who might run such
a risk. This statement follows:,
"The chemical department fre-
quentl:y recci'. cs letters reading
.imething like this, 'I aim semlding
you a sample of some fertilizer I
have ,'iUght. I, wish you would tell
me what it in w orth.'
"Nine times .,ut it te tithe material
is either worthless or does not mea-
sure up to the extravagant claims,
made by the man selling it. Much
money could be saved to farmers, if,
before t.'ing unkmliim or new fer-
tilizer material for which extrava-
gant claims are imade, they would
get in touch with their county agent,
State Chemist R. E. Rose, Talla-
hassee, or the Florida Expeirrienut
St:l ii.n, Gainesville.
"Do not wait," the statement con-
iini i ". "until after you have ,outight
the material to find out that it is
worthless.. No salesman having a
fertilizer of real value will object
to your ii,.'estigatim, his claims.
Avoid the man who is afraid to
have his god, I looked into by ex-
Giines\ ilhe. Aug. 25.-Mirtfie Mae
Snell, a club zirl of Bartow, made
a net profit of $3.1097 on poultry
Iduriing the first six months of the
year, according to a report by the
home demonstration agent for Polk
county. Beginiiimg with a flock of
thirty-six liens her gross receipts
were $589.70. 'while her expenditures
were only 222.73. M'.iss Snell said
her chicks all were hatched under
hens and that the eggs were from
thirty-six old birds, except two set-
tings of thirty which she purchas.-'l.
Hastin'-;s, Aug. 27.-Farmers of
this section expect to plant a bumper
crop of Irish potatoes next season,
accoirdinii to a compilation of reports
from growers. Federal agriculture
reports showing a short and con-
tinued increase in the price of po-
tatoes is the principal factor in plans
of the growers to produce a huge,
crop and iidic.ti,.'n, are that every

Sugar Mill

laven Is Begun

600 Tons Cane a
Tons of Sugar

the farms. The ri,-in building wilo
be i)f steel and will be of the latest
and most approved ilan.
The mill will be equipped with
Stereos hydraulic floating roll ann
%%ill have a 900 horsepower boiler ca-
pacity and if run at capacity will
crush from 400 to 600 tons of cane
in 24 hours. This is estimated to
produce approximately 6,000 pounds
of sugar.
When asked if this mill would pro-
duce that quantity, Mr. Hartinan,
the mill superintendent, said:
"\Vhy nut? That is what it is made
to produce and it will surely do it
if kept running at capacity for the
full time."
Sugar experts who know about
mills and new plans, say, that half
capacity for the first season is about
all that can be expected. That
would be a fine showing for the Ev-
erglades City, and we will be Wlad to
be able to report that it has been
able to put out 3,000 pounds of real
sutiar each or a' f4 hours, and we
expect it to do so.
The company owns about 300 acres
of vcry fine cane now, and i has that
much more grown by others for
them, so that they reasonably expect
to have a 90 days' run the first sea-
son at the least. The cane look-,
as well a allny cane has ever looked
any where and seems to be cognizant
of the fact that the refinery is wait-
ing to take it in and crystallize it
and send it out to bless humanity.
Many pages of publicity have been
sent out from here about this "sugar
bowl of the world." and all are glad
to see building operations begun on
the factory that is to make real su-
gar, and will be glad'd r still.\hl -
the day comes when 'they carl say
to- the world that the "first run of
sugar was taken off today.'" It will
le a glad day for the people of this
section and for all south Florida.
That day is surely coming and is not
many moons away.

Will Erect

Jew Sugar Mill

n Tells of Florida's

to sugar cane rising or aiy -'of the
other paradises of the American

lure in whi11h thlt. machinery for tilh- tropics,. l ey mnow ha\e seven-year
Florida Sugar and Foouud Product, ratoon cane in Florida and the Flor-
Ciiminpanr's Canal Point sugar mill ida Sugar and Food Products Com-
will be placed is the most important pany has purchased 400-ton
part of an inteL-rs ie,. with Ernest Louisiana sugar house alid will re-
M.. Loeh. (f New t.)rlcans, printed model and re-erect this plant at a
in a recent isuc ui the Louisiana point in Palm Beach county,-Florida,
Planter and Sugar Manufacturer. near Lake Okeechobee, in the most
Prm'inie is repeated that the first fertile spot. in the famous reclaimed
-rinding opi-ration will start about Everglades district where Florida
Januaryy 1, 1922. has spent millions of dollar, in re-
The Louisiana trade paper says: clamation work. which has consisted
"In the midst of the general gloom of pulling down the level of Lake
that has more or less pervaded Lou- Okeechubee and bringing about a
isiana -sugardom since the last part condition of natural drainage. Haubt-
Iof 1920. there has .een 'nIe man whe man & Loeb Company of New Or-
ha.s not lp'rmitted conditions to at- leans, of which Mr. l-oeb is the ac-
hfcti his activity in sugar matters. live head. handled the sale of the
That man has refused to permit su- house. while the Virginia lBridge and
gar things. as far. as he is con- Iron Company will remodel and re-
ctrned, to stand still. but has ini- erect the factory as a steel structure.
listed upI'oni keeping them moving Their first grinding operations will
ahead and making sugar progress in start about January 1, 1922, and they
this western helmi-phere, regardless figure oin grinding between 25,000 ti.,
of hmo t,,tally black the sugar sky .11.1 1)0 tons in their first season
may have l iecn. That man is Er- I I'lty could grind more but have de-
nest M. l.,',eb. sugar machinery cx- cided to engage in greater expan-
pert. of New Orlcan whose name sion of their crup tonnage by savin--
has been 'iiininccte l will inuch of the a larger than normal quantity for
1higgest sugar develilopmient ,work in seed. Mr. Locb was inmre than en-
the \\ectlrn sugar %urld in recent thusiastic about the quality of the
vears. We were talking with Mr. Flo.rida sugar lands and said that
Loeb Thursday eCening on the Flor- the general opinion that these lands
ida su--ar outilio.k and lie waxed en- were nothing but muck %%as 100 per
lthuIiastic aliout the prosrect-, for cent. erroneous. On the contrary, he
sugar prlilucti oni there. He told us said, they were humus and sandy
with inuchi \ %in that sugar cane cul- lands and they would make Florida
ire in Flirida was no longer an ex- ,me of the big sugar sections of
,icrimnent lbut a fact as well pr.r_'ven as North A.\erica in not very many
1 lCe fact i.f ubiIa' great adalptalility min're years.


South Florida Developer,
West Palm Beach, Florida. >
Enclosed find check-money-order-currency for $ ............
for which send me The South Florida Developer for the period
the enclosed covers, at the rate of $2 a year or $1 for six
months. Stamps not wanted. Write Plainly

N am e ...... .... ........... . ... ..................

P ostoffi ce ................................................................................

4 rnc -3a- -~-- ~ ~-s- ~ ~p~u~

..- '



Page Two

SOUTH FLORIDA DEVELOPER Tuesday, August 30, 1921.


In!: oduction. I
This bull in privesents the statis-
lics of ,Irainra-.e iir lh,rida colle'ct-
.d at the C~'nns. (f '1920. TheI figures,
.-elate t, conditions', 11 i ani iar% 1,1
,421), except where miiili'atedl i I
wise. N. i ti-u, f I drainage hais
jeen tal.en rihret ,ifrv, so thi-rre arc
lo comparable figures fir pire'. iniis
,'ears. The data relate ti lte arti-
ficial drainage if land in farms.
and o) t other land that I tiiliani ell
will he used f.,r agricultural pur-i
iises. The uirganiztd drainagr e.jiI
eriprises include, c nsidlerall, areds,
.if timbered aund other, uniniprmi, le
land nut yet in farms.. Tie statis-
tics for drainage on farms ivere col-
lected in the general census of agri-
uhnture, while the statistics for
Irainage enterprises were obtained
min a special can\ass of tli.se enter-
pris'es. Since drainage on farms
may be either inside or outide an
organized, enterprise, and the drains
that each individual owner installs
.ipopi Ils ow1n farm may be either
supplementall t, i.r entirely inde-
pendent ,f the ,iirks installed by
an enterprise. the figure, for the
two parts of the drainage census are
presenteded separate, .

piinipimrl plants are given only in
the counties in which the plants are
Operation enterprises, as d-sig-
nated in thi., Iiill,-tin, are those that
liha'l c.nipleted the drainag,- works
;iuthr.rned, ir had at aiin\ rate 'cg.eui
actual construction i,,rk,. on or be-
fore january 1, 1021; enterprises
that had been established but had
not thmtnn tructiniin are termed
"'1, li-,, erati n ."
LT.ad lin drainage enterprises com-
prise1 the area that has been bene-
fitvI or is to' be ienefit... by the
imilr.i.enient works constructed by
the tnterprise-s. In the case of ever-
lalpping enterprises, deduction has
been .made for the amount of dupli-
All land in drainage enterprises
is 'il ided, without regard to drain-
age condition, into (a) improved
land; (b) timber and cut-over land,
which w'unlt require clearing. to be
thour.,nu,1hy fit for cultivation; and
(c) all i.lit r mninipri. te land, which
\\.uld not require expensive clear-
inii before cultivation.
Th-- assessed acreage for any
single enterprise is the same as the
area in that eniitr',ri,,e. However, the

Table 1.-SUM.MARY FOR THE STATE, 1920.

; Irem.
Drainage on Farms.
Number of all farms in the state............
IFarms reporting lafdl having,
,Irainage --------------- ---
FIarms reporting land net inig.
drainage ---------.-----------' -- '
All land in farms ....-----.....acre.
Imlpro-ved land hi farms-- acres.. _
Farm land relporled as pri- ..
v ided i.ith drainage-------cre------
Far inland reported as need- ae
ing d(rainat ----------------acres'-g. ..
Draihage Enterprises. "
Approxinlate land area ',.f the '
state ---------------------acreiL......
\l land in ,-perating Irainage
enterprises --------------. acres---------
Improved land -----------eacres-L---"--
Tiber and cuter and landcuacrs_.......
Other unimproved lan-d-.-.'rc-----...-
Capital investedl and retuireil for '
S timpletion of operating enter-
enterprises .--..- -------------
C. capital invested in tlhe,'' enter-
prises to Dec 31, 1919--------------
Additional capital requtirId to
complete these enterprise ........

Per Cent.

Amount of Total
54,1i5 111.I41

4,597 8.5
-8,486,. 15.7
(i 04r .i.'t 100.0
2.2W7.271 38,1

1.47,940 2.4
';'6 7,021 11.4

35,111,1140 IllO .

1,637,073 4.7
v 94,589 0.3
5-42,.4,48 1.5
999,836 2.8

$26,762,497 100.0
$1.3,84o,8117 51.7

$12,915,690 48.3

JDRAINALGE UN FAKRMS. total assessed acreage may be con-
Explantion of Terms. siderably greater than the total land
To secure uniformuity in the re- in enterprises, for in* summing up
urns relation to drainage on fami-, the assessed acreage in the county or
he B3ureatu f the Census < pl-li I states deduction was not made for
*ts enunleratirs witlh certaiiln ,-i- acreage assessed in more than one
nations, which are snhitanl:,ill, .is enterjirise.
follows,: Imniproi'ed' land in drainage enter-
Drainage cf agric1ul(ural land', prist. ctoneiuls very .largely of im-i-
was defined, fir census purposes, I Iruved farm land, though it may vin-
as the act or process (of drawing elude some either improved land re-
off an excess of. water by under- ceiling benefit frmn the w.t-.ks of the
-i. ground conduits, pipes, or tiles, or. eunierprises.
*; .by open or covered trenches int the Timber and.cut-over landl includes
,.' surface of the ground, for the punr- farni woodlland of natural or plant-
pose of improving the condition ,,f ed forest trees as well as other tim-
,., the soil and crops. ber land or aseas that wull need
f The area provided witji dtraii:u.a. clearing of trees, stumps, or pelen-,i
in farms, is the acreage actai liy nial o.,,ody shrubs.
.1, benefited or made of more value hi: Land designated as swampy Jor
-..agricultural purposes by artificial subject, to overflow includes all land
drainage, but does not include land permanently or generally too wet
on which only temporary work has tor cultivation, land subject to peri-
been done. such as "bedding" the odical inundation by stream floods,
fields or la ing out "dead furrn.,w-s" seeped and alkali land in irrigated
to hasten the surface f,,w. rtiions. and all other land unfit for
The area needing drainage, in, cultivation by reason of insufficient
farms, ; comprises the additional lanil drainage. This classification is
mni->t now .i suitable for crops \whvih without, respect to the conditions as
t could lie made available 'for cutlti- t, improvement or timber.
ovation (1l) "b. drainage tnly," which The area suffering loss of crops
..is the acreage needing -no clearnig is intended to include only land de-
or which is covered with grass. notedd to planted crops which suffer
iwe.eds ,-r other annual growth, and. damage, either partial or complete.
. (21 "b% drainatge and clearing;." because of defective drainage. Land
., which is the atreaLe cu\ered itli which would be cultivated if drained
trees, stumps or perennial woody o r protected against overflow is not
A hrubs. include .t
Improved land in farms include Capital invested, for the purpose of
S. all lands regularly. tillLd or in.iwed, this investigation, was defined as[
,. land in pasture n which has Il-' cost, incclhudilg charges for (ni-,ineer-l
cleared or tilled. land lying fallow, mg. organization, rights of way,
land ;in gardens,. orchards, vine- c,,nstructitin if drainage wi'rks
.yard'. and nurseries and land occu- damages, land and huhildinigs except
pied by arinm ,bluildings. those hcld, fr 'alei or farming and
\Voodland in farmni inchldes all anv other expenditures *iroperl1
land covered with natural r plant- chariealle to drainage and paid by
t- fort-et trees w ich pro,:iduce, or the enterprise. .
Slater miay produce, firew.oodor tler I The drain e works of an enter-
torest products. p rist include alit'varieties of under-
Iarnis in drainage ..r levee di- ,groni d conduits, pipes.. or lines of
tracts are thoe for which the pe-- tile, drains of stone, woilod or
aturs haye answered afIjirmatively. otherI, ,material; also' open ditches
tile question, "Haits ;ans\ part of this annl canals, together with acc-essorv
farm been afforded drainage i.r pro- li. vee i, dikes, dams. .eirs, ptumpii-,
lection against overflow)\ by' a drain- ah gates, and tther devices
n'"achinery. gates.and other devices
age or levee district, or by, tihe state, for the draining awa.-'or control of
' the count.\, or a private complijan\ or urface and soil waters.
individuall." Levee districts. how- TiL, as the term is here used, in-
ever, generally are ni.,t included in eludes, pipes of earthenware, con-
the enterprises for, which data are create, or ..,ther material buried be-
given in this l.ulletin (see definiton neath the surface in such a way as
of drainage enterprises, bel.). ) to permit the excess water to flow
Farms and Farm Land. ,away. Three size, if circular, is ex-
The acreage shown for drainat,.' ,pressed by the insiide diameter in
on farms represent., landl where inches
drainage is actually in operation and Diihtls include all opliun artificial
which has actually\ beconmie more trn lchs., usually with s loping side-,.
fully available for groi.ing crops by The width is that of the I,ottoin.
reason of the drainage. Tli.f is to The type .of drainage show
*'' he distinguished from the area mere- whether the drainage water from
'y provided with nutlet facilities by an enterprise is disclnarged by Pgraa\-
Srganized drainage enterprii.; itv or by pu ipnj he
)rainage on farmt re:prescnts in "A pnuping district is where all
most cases the result of work done or a part of tile water from the
by the farm owner, either inde- drains collecting at a lo-.\ point must
pendently or supplemental to the be raised hby sonime form of ma-
work done iby a drainage enterprise. chinery in order that it may be re-
butt the acreage would include also ll ii ed from the area.
any farm land recei'.ing similar Drainage ptinips include all kinds
benefit directly from the worl.s L i f machinery and devices for lift-
in enterprise. inig the drainage water.
DRAINAGE ENTERPRISE. Pumping engines include all kinds
of engines and motors for operat-
Explanation of Terms. in, the drainage pamps.
The more important termm, utqed in. Operating and Non-Operating
connection with the census of drain- Enterprises.
; ,ge enterprises were defined as fol- In most of the tables that follow,
ows: ;- statistics are glit-el for operating en-
Drainage enterprises cronipriel i terprises onl. These enterprises,
publicc cOrl,,ration, and local un-l as already defined, include both
,rosemnent districts t frmeI under thl,se which ha\e conlmpleted their
state laiws. commercial enterprises drainage works and those with such
draining swanip ,r overflowed land works under construction; among
for sale. uther organizations that the latter may be some that had coin-
may be engaged in ext nsive land- pleted the original plan of'reclama-
., drainage work. and also tracts of lion several years ago but were con-
500 acres oir more drained by indi- structing extensions or enlarge-
vidual ,.Muners Eunterprnises such as ments on January 1, 1920. The non-
levee district t that ha'.e niit author- i p.'r.ating enterprises have a legal
ized the c.ui-itriuctuin of iciie ditches existence, though they have not t[el
or tile lirains are nt included. accomplished any drainage. They'
Enterprle., ,located iin more than ma\ nicltde districts that on the
r.ine c.uiinlt.I were ,li ided. fur tabu- cecnIsu_, date had completed their
nation. ail thie part in each county plans, sold bonds to cover the cost
treated as a separate enterprisri'. of the ulndertaking, and let con-
though the capacities of drainage traits for the coniiitruct ion 3wiork.




for the State and Its


Prepared under the supervision of WILLIAM LANE AUSTIN, Chief Statistician for Agriculture, by ROGER D, MARSDEN,
Special Agent in Charge of Drainage

and also districts that had just been Character of Enterprises. sioners or frinmi a majority in either ITable 8.-Land and Capital Invested in Operating l nt'rpriui, Classified
established by court decree and were The drainage enterprises in Flor- number ,if acreage ot the owners of by Type of Drainage, 1920.
still ,subject to considerable change ida are state projects under imme- the a ei or overiloWed land to be Land Capital.
in area, plan of drainait u.irk, and diate control ot state officials, drain- drainedi. Aiter public hearin-..s up-l Per To Dec. 31, 1919
cost. Thlt Ever.-.la.h-, Iiraini.au, dis- age districts established under tln- on the pittiti,..n and %witli the v.ritt-n Type of Draina-.e Acreage Cent of Per Alditionial
trict as a whole is not included in eral draiiia-ie laws and special acts c.nIsniit of the ,,wers of a majority Total Amount Cent Required
hli- tabulations, but those part s of the IcLilatuire, commercial .or- 1, t.i al. r, age to be iinclti, ,iii. in c of Ti,tal to Complete
against which special assessments alniii atiiis ,I. el-,ping land for sale, districtt is dhicr eil a public c..rpor- All operating en-
are le, iel for imipri....ineint works and private drainage mundertakint-l ati..n t..i a stated term of \ cars. I lin tcrpri s. ,r .37,073 liMll$ 1 .84',,8,i lii. 12 9135.t90
that actually have been iundertial.,.n by individual land owners. ,,titiNal( of til district arc a Iboarti _____. ,-
are included as -lIaratte enterprises. The state government has ind.r- of three suiip.ris,,rs elrc:ted I., the Gravity drainage
land owners, each ot \v.ilin has one only ----- 1,631,073 99.6 1.763,307 99.4 12,8')i1, ,0
Table 2.-Land and Capital Invested in All Ent, rpri->s, Classified as Be- vote for each acre of his holdings. All drainage by
tween Op,-ratim;. and Non-Operating lnterpri-ecs, 1920. iThe plan of drainage works is de- pumping -------- 3,000 0.2 .X, 1ii 0.3 ..
Land Capital* termined by the board of supervis- Part gravity and
To Dec. 31, 1'-)1' ors, which also constructs the works. part puiinill -- 3,000 0.2 45,000 0.3 25,000
Per Per Adulitinal Benefits and damages are assessed Total area served
Class Acreage Cent of' Amount Cent Reuired by three commissioners appointed by by lmn, --- 4,500 0.3 --- --
Total of Total toCinlet.: til, -judge of tile court, who holds ____________ _______
All organized en- I hearit,.- s upon their report and con- There are two fuiinlin.- districts
terprises --.----. 2,645,816 100.0 $14,060,857 100.0 $14'33,11 firms the assessments with any mod- for land drainuii.- in the state. The "THE PEACH OF
--------'___ __ ---..... ficatlisl deemed equitable. Ap- lUiinpin lants are equipped withlT P AC O
Olratihg enter- iials nmay be taken to the supreme five cntrifual pumps of i'i H TR 0 I C S
-pises .---- 1,637,073 61.9 13,846,807 98.5 12,915,9ii cumnr ,,f the stat. The cost of the l ntrue minute total capacity,E O
W th works corn- e enterprise is assessed in prportion and with steam engines and inMiamMeroolis')
pleted--------- 352, 13.3 2,917,261 20.7 i, the benefits and not in excess of land combustioneamenginesof35 horse (Miami Metropolis)
With wors under in Fhe ur r may issue nal combustion engines of 35 horse- One of the ltillctin, sent out by,
constr o 1.285.05 48.6 1,u.-4 77.7 12)5. nd r not cdin 90 per cents power and 85 horsepower, respec- the Department of Agriculture this
Non-. peratin en- 'i tht- tax levy, to mature in not tivey. the week is of much interest to the peo-
terpri 1--------1.0L.73 38 1 214,050 1.5 2'017,41 i ie than 30 years. The a% craue depth of main or ple of south Florida. "The Peach of
*The inquiry asked for the "total cost of the enterprise to )ec. 31 )railaie districts have been es outlet ditch was reported for each the Tropic Now At Height of Sea-,
1919," and fr an estimate of additional investments" to co -t. tabishel the count commi- enterprise. The maximum depth of son the bulletin gives this readable
I sitinert under aw, of June 1, 18'99 outlet reported for any enterprise in account of Dade county's own man-
S(ch 48117), and of May 3, 1901 (ch. the state and the maximum in each goes. i,t says:
Location of Enterprises. taken to encourage and assist in the 5035. The later statute supercedes county are shown m line 15 of "Midsummer is the best season for
Practically all the ornanizdlI drain- de.el..pinnt of its great area of the earlierr one, to which it is simi- C,,uity Table II. The maximum mangoes, which are now available
age enterprise- in Florida are in the swamp and overflowed land. The in-i lar, and legtalizes drainage contracts length, width and depth of outlet in northern markets. The nanin-o
southern and the extreme eastern eternal Imrini., ]meit Fund was. ere- ami as.cssments made under tihe shown in that table for any county is one of the really great fruits if
parts of the state. Most of the ated by an act of the legislature. earlier law. The existing act, as may not refer to the same enter- the world. Indian with its hun-
drainiag- is c.ast\%ard, either thriuJhi January 6, 1S55 (ch. 610), to consist amended June 7, 1913 (eh. 6457), re- prise. dreds of millions of people has for.
St. Johns River or almost directly of the unsold land !-ranted to tlihe fuires, that the petition for a drain In County Table II, line 16 shows centuries held it sacred, and cele-
int, the Atlantic Ocean. state by cn.e-ir-.. in 1845 tf.r inter- must t.- made by a majority of the the mean depth of branch ditches brates annual, ceremonies in its
owners of the land that will be af- (open ditches only), which is a very honor. It is a fruit, the inilortance
Table 3.-Land and Capital Invested In All Enterprises Classified l1y fected or by a majority of the acre- crude indication of the depth of soil of which American' are hivinning
Drainatue Basin, 1920. age, and must be approved by the drainage that may be obtained in the to rcc,-L.nizc. Several fine varieties
Land Capital * county commissioners. The plan of enterprises as ducrmiined by the are practically free from fibre. They
Per To Dec. 31, 1919 drainage and the estimate of cost depth of outlet provided by farm can be eaten 'with a spoon as easily
Basin Acrea .e Cent of. Pe-r Ahluditional are procured by a committee of drains. The mean depth was corn- as a muskmelon. Thelic are not to
Total Amount Cent Required thr-.: disinterested freeholders ap- puted by giving each separate depth be confused with the worthless
of TUtao to C ilet. pointed by the county conmmission- a weight in proportion to tile acre- seedling mangoes of the \\test In-'
,All organit-ed en- ., ers. The cost is assessed against the age it serves. As most enterlirise,, dies.
terprises ------2,645,816 100.0 $14,1Ii,857 100.0 $14,933,090 land, in proportion to the benefits reported depths in whole nunl.ltrs. "The Hayden mango is a particu-
S.. as determined by the committee and only, the occasional decimals were larly fine example -if the -peach of
Operating enter- approved by the county commis- onmittd in making these computa- the tropics.' It is a ,-cedling of the
prices -------- 1,637,073 61.9 13.84-87 98.5 12,915,6 soners after public hearing. The tions. Depths less than 3 feet and first East Indian manuet bruighIt to
Gulf of Mexico.. 304,690 11.5 11.71-4.nr. 12.2 555,in:. commissioners let contracts for con- those 10 feet and greater were omit- America. The oriinial plant% was
Suwanee River 23.21 0.9 42.1tIl 0.3 1.il.'J struction and the conmnittee super- ted because it seemed that they did brought here by tile United States
Atlantic Ocean 1, lk7,901 '40.4 11,021,371 78.4 11941'l19i vises that work. The commission- not represent so well the average Department of Agriculture and plant-
St. Johns River 241,462 9.1 1.1,i0'',360 7.6 418,51'i) ers issue bonds of the district to depths of outlets provided for all ed at the field stati.-.i at Miami.
Non-operating en- 'finance the enterprise. the farms in those districts. To in- Fla. Extraordinary% care w\\a neces-
terprise ...... -------1108.743 38.1 214,050 1.5 2,017,400 Drainage of swamp and over- clude both these groups, computed sary at first to protect it from frost.
Gulf of Mexico 3,IN 0.1 2.500 6,21 I fliowed land by the board of county as 3 feet and 10 feet, respcti\telh, It was three times -eriously threat-
Suwanee River 1,000 --- 125 .... 921i ciiilii.si in ainy .\ unty, upon would make the mean depth for the ened. The fruit ,.if its seedlings
-Atlantic Ocean ~ 559,3'8S 21.1 46,104 0.3 11.001. lOn petition of two or mnore owners of state 4.4 instead of 4.3 feet. shows a much finer development
St. Johns R.er. 445,3-15 16.8 165,321 1.2 7]A 280o land that wduld be assessed for the than those the parent plant hc.re.
cost, is authoriz/el by a law of June Tab'e 9.-Land in Oiperatin., Enter- llhi,i t.ie of manglL, when ripe.
2, 1893 (ch. 4178). The. general prises, Classified by Average is about the size ,it an avocado. It
Condition of Land in Enterprises. nal ininprveinent pi-phes. and of ineth.I of establishment is rather Depth of Branch Ditches, 1920. is sm....i egg shalped, with Ibrilliant
The drainage enterprises in this the swamp and I.'erfii'. ed lanl similar to that provide by the law Per ,red coloring, -halin-g i.,ff to a lu-
state are ;almst entirely for the granted to the state by co1n'ress in of 1901. No enterprises were re- Depth of Branch Acrea-.e Cent. of cious yellow. Northern dealers sell
reclamation of areas that naturally 1850. The board of trustees for that -_,rted as organized under this stat- Ditches Total the fruit at from 65 to 85 ce ns each-.
are too swampy or wet fur agri- fund, which consists of the governor ute. The only previous drain- All operating Last season they cost as much as
cultural uses. The extremely level of the state, the c-mptroller, the age law in Florida, except that enterprises'- 1,637,073 100.0 $1.25 apiece. Americans perhaps are
ground surface has not been con- state treasurer, the attrrnye general, creating the Internal Improve- Less than 3 feet.- 50,100 3,1 more open-minded in trying out new
ducive to the formation of natural and the cominissi',,ier of agriculture. thent Fund. was an act of 3.0 to 3.9 feet---- 135,330 8.3 foods than any other nationality in
channels adequate in number or in is empowered to make such arrange- 1834, providing for the establish- 4.0 to 4.9 f'et... 355,48,1 21.7 the world, and wl n people in thi.I
size to drain the land, so in seasons ments for the ,lraina.,e of swlamip ntnt of drains by the C'.iint courts 5.0 to 5.9 fet ---- .93,J1 2 5.7 country learn to lid,,e ,iana.es ie
of more than average rainfall the and overflowh.ed land as may sceti uitin petition from one or mnirce land-'6.0 to 6.9 feet--- .. 13ill.i11 7.9 will be ur...ai for ipluilar conuiuiip-l
water stands upon the surface or most adta iiatau ._is. Th' .stale hard wInrs. lnt each instance three corn- 7.0 to 7.9 feet-- ------- ---- tion."
min es across it sl..wvl j- road of drainage crmmii .rs \i.s c m.nuheri s he-to be aIppointed'to 8.0 to 89 feet---- 3.1. 0.2 Dade county grow,.rs \will take the
sheet. Particularly is t i e in ated bythe act of 27, 1915 (c'h.loc:e tlie bch anl t, determine 9.0 to 9.9 feet --- ------- ---- I iii and plaiii mr in:. et.,.s.
the Everglades, due to overflow from 5377), to drain andi rclaiun swamp ihat dania"'s nunst be paid I,. the 10.0 fret and more I1,. 4.. 1.0
Lake Okeechobee. In the southern and overflowed land in certain petitioners to wmi.ers of the lands Not reportnROSEREAPPOINTEDCHEMIST
part itf the peninsula and in sections drainage districts; the member, are thrrouphh %which the drain would ie branches 53,4 52.1 ROSE REAP TE CEMIST
al,-nv the east coast, man) of the the trustees of the Internal Improve- cl.nstructed. Maintenance of Works. 2
drainage enterprises have no nat- ment 1und Tli Everglades drain- A number of drainage districts The state board of drainage corn- oia liiii.-a... Aid 4 -T iernor
rural boundaries, the promoters age district in the southern end of haic been crcaed by special acts ,f mi.isinerw, is empowered to main- Hl.irte. today made the fIllowing
merely separating from the general the state was cri-ated b, a statute th,' legislature definiin. for each tain the drainage works c.,.nstru...terl appointment: Capt. R. 1F. l<,,, ti iet
body of swamp land a li.rti,,n suitedI of June 6, 1913 (ch, 645l), and the separate 'district its hbiundaries, by it. The super!'i-,,rs of .raina.- state chemist of ths -,tte ul ilritla
to their financial resources or to commissioners of that district are1 formin of organization, and, p.,ers. districts or,.aniz.ed under the cir- for a term of four a, .. t,, sc..-eed
their judgment* regarding economy the state draiiinae ci..nmilssioners. Some enterpritS thiat w.ere begun as cuit court are ;ithl.iiie.1 to main- himself.
of development. .\ drainage district with approxi- land-developinent or land-sales corn- taill alil protect i..c drainage works ,,
The usual purpose of an organ- mately the same boundaries had been' panic have been r,-rganiz.ed as of their respective districts, and for
ized enterprise is merely to provide created by the act that created the drainage districts, this purpose may levy taxes, not to Table 10.-Land and Capital Investe
adequate outlets into which theland- state drainage c.,mmiissioners. field by methodss of N
owners of the district may drain The Everglades drainage district Table 6.-L.and aind Capital Invested in All Enterprises, (lassified by Land
their farms and to afford relief now comprises., some 4,2110,ii)0 acres. Character of Enterprise, 1920. Per
from overflows for the district as located as indicated on the map on Capital. Method of Acreage Cent of
a unit. Therefore, the fact that an ipag 2. The district commission- Land To Dec. 31, 1919 MYtaintenan'e Total
enterprises which has completed the ers are tnllowhered to plan and con- Per Per Additional
co-nstruction of the drainage works struct all works necessary for the Character of Acreagec Cent oif Amount Cent Required All .operating en-
authorized contains 'and still swampy reclamation of the district, and t,, lInterprie' Total of Total to Coiillut.' leprises ------ l..3,07.3 1001
or subject to overflow, or land that issue bonds to finance the work. The All enteipri-es.._ 2,ot45.816i 100.0 $14,0(01,857 100.0 $14,33,1 y-,hil-
suffers damage to crop,.s. does not land is divided into classes for as- ,_By district forces- 312,835 19.1
show that the iilprovemntilt works sessmeiii of drainauc taxes. i he or- Operat'g enterprise, 1,637,073 61.9 13.84o.807 08.5 12,914,690 By contract --- 418.7,I) 25 ti
are inadequate. ganization of sub-districts wholly State 1iri:iects (104,9e 22.9 5,742,517 4-lS 6,434,440 1> land owners_. 8.50 ) 3o
Drainage districts 913,283 34.5 6.613,444 47.0 5,986,000 Meth,.,d not speci-
Table 4.-Lnd in All Enterprises, Clasified by Condition, 192>. La\ of 1890, ch. 28 0.7 28,50 0.2 I- Nfedo 2.5,02a 1..
Operating h'.nterprises. Law\ of 1901, ch. provided----- 180,179 .11.0
TWa Works Non -i- 535 ....... 23,840 0.9 15u.,57i, 1.1 --- Not rep,.rtinu --- r,41,8iU 392
P. Ct. Com- Constrtic- Enter- 457 -o .. 59,662 2.3 455.901 3.2 2Q.nnO Date of Organization.
Condition of Land Acreage of all pleted tion prises Laws of 1913 ch The progress in drainage organi-
Land (acres) (acres) (acres) -45-o -11rl1,201 23.1 5,675,468 40.4 4.ulIS.1nl, zation is shown only ronthly by the
All land in enter- 1 Special acts 201,.~0il 7.6 297,000 21 1,951,000 dates of organization of enterprises,
prise .------. 1,637,.73 100.0 352.0,8 1,285,01i5 ].008.743 Co p.eral de- which are tne dates when the dis-
...1- .. .1... 3 9 n l. 8 1 0 7 4t, 50:I tricts were established, l\ the county

Improved land _- 94,589 \ 5.8
Timber and cut-
over land ..... 542,648 33.1
Other unimproved
land ------......... 999,836 61.1
Swampy or subject
to u\erflow --- 731,681 44.7
Suffering a loss of
crops --------- 40,498 2.5

Size of Enterprises.
Presentation of the statistics by
counties requires that an enterpriMe
located in more than one county be
di idedl, atil the part in each county
be considered a separate enterprise.
In this way 94 operating drainage
enterprises are counnited in Florida,
with an average area of 18,723 acres
assess,el. Of the total number of
enterprises, 12 comprise 50,000 acres
or more each. and only five less
than 1,11iI acres each. The assessed
acreage exceeds the land in enter-
prise, by 12,80o acres, which is the
alIo.iunt of o\trlapping. The land in
enterprises and the assessed acre-
age on each line of Table 5 refer'to
the same enterprises. From the to-
tal area of each enterprise, desig-
nated as the assessed area, the net
amrlunit of -'verlapping with enter-
prises organized previously was de-
ducted,l tl determine the area to be
tabulated as land in enterpri-es.

Table 5.-Land in Operating Fnterj
A 'set'

Area Assessed.

All operating enterprises--------

50) to 999 acres-------------------
1,ji)' to 4,099 acres ...........--------
5.000 to 9,999 acres...............---------
10i.0ill.) to 49,999 acres--------------
50,000 to 99,9' I acres........------....
10(11,i(iI to 491),M9) acres--...........



100,560 442,088


218,997 780,8.9 (187,152

75,398 656,293 r.,'2,241


18, 5_,7

Sor partly within the E.erglades

i lopinmints . u..n 1
Individual (Ain-
erships .......-- 14,84
Nu'i-' operating en-
terprise .-.--- 1,01)8,743
Drainage dis-
tricts.* --- 1,008,743
Law.: of 1901. ch.
5035 -......- 12,000
Law-s of 1913, ch.
64-157 .....---------5,250
Laws ,f 1413, ch.





* 214,050


0.9 38,751 i

1.5 2,1117,400

1.5 2,017,400

5,500 (2)
1,900 (2)


drainage districtt is provided I,' -15 ... 5 ,093 19.1 2
,[:Speclal act,-" -_- 485,800 18.4
an act of June 7, 119 (ch. 7860) lichides 5,000 acres under individual
The statistics for the Everglades i21 iLe-. than one-tenth of one per cent.
district as a whole are !not given inm
this bulletin, but statistics are in-I Drainage Works. exced
clouded for the part., where drainage Drainage Works. exceed
has been undertaken. Most of the The total works completed by the net
state enterprises are reported as un- drainage enterprises to DeceuLmber original
der control of the commissioners of 31. 1919. comprised 1,99(1.8 miles of time
the E\erglades district, though a open ditches and o0.2 miles of le- t
few are reported as un,.ler the trus- tes, the additional lengths under adjt.tIni
tees of the Internal Improuement construction were 694.110 miles of mainten
Fund or under the state board ufl open ditches andi 106.5 miles of le- upon pe
drainage commissioners. vees. These figures do not include 25 per
Drainage districts may be estab- drains or levees installed by in-
lished under general drainage laws dividual farm owners supplemental district
by the boards of count% communis- to the works of the enterprises, nor All dra
sioners or by the circuit courts of the wvor s i-,f flood-protectiin or organize
the counties in which the districts levee di-tricts that had not under- ntissioni
are situated. Districts established taken the coinstructi,_n of ditches or those co
by the circuit courts are formed in I ile drains. The cost of nine locks repair a
accordance with the law of June 9, and damins completed in tlhe state these pt
1913 (ch. 6458), lupi..n petition from canals in the Everglades drainage county
the state board of drahn.i.-, cininis- dislrntt. amuniting to about $278,0j0, necessa
and of tk\o others undet- construction kept foi
C s yr is iincluhidd in the cost of the enter- are lev
,,. Classified by Size ofArea ri. as the
1~e Clssfid011~u

1, 1 92"; .
(acres) Total
Land in Per
Enterprises Acreage Cent of
Assessed Area
1,637,073 1,759,941 10it

1 1)7
94. 58

i04 913.
'811 num1


2,404 (



175,I itI

in any year 10 per cent. of
assessment for benefits for
ci ,nitruct inm and to be ap-
0d like those henefits A re-
clt of apliortic-'minent of
ance costs is provided for,
petition from the owners of
cent. of :lhe acrt-age in the
and after public hearing.
ains constricted by districts
ed under the county, corno
lers are under the control of
commissioners for purpse.s of
and nmaintenannce. Taxes for
irposes inay be levied liy the
commissioners when deemed
ry, a separate fund to be
r each district. These taxes
ied in the same prpi rti'n i-
o(riginal a.sessnients ,if ci.-t

Table 7.--I.anil and Capital Invested inn Operating Enlterprises. Classified
By Kind of Drainage worksks 10211.
Land Capital.
Per To Dec. 31, 191-)
Kind of Works Acreage Cent of Per Additional
Total Amount Cent Required

All kinds ....----... 1,637,073 100.0

Open ditches only- 1,113,128 66.8
I pen ditches and
Levee-s -___-_ 543945 .132

of Total
$13,846,807 100.0
8,.374,5319 60.5
5.472 i2.R 30 .

to Complete

7, 2'~5,c
Cd, I I Ii iii


(Lakelaid Telegram)
The prosperity of the stale rs
s.,miithinul it, accept with uratitunde
rathl r ihan with liasitngs. It is the
result of peculi:,r c.nlin lions, reliev-
in r. the ,,tate friin the ,.piration of
the natural laws which ha e l.rotliht
aliitu a v.a.t -,f delpression ii prac-
ticall the hiile C0,11try outside cof
There are no large manuIfacturing
c- iters here. I,t is not a grain nor a
cotton -rw ing state. Price depres-
sions in those staples have had lit-
tle effect upon us, while tile prices
of our .products. have kept up an.l
the stream of tourists, ',rininiat per-
haps a hundred millioii dollars a
year, has not failed. Ht-nce, Flor-
ida knows iit,-liiiing except from
hearsay ali.,t the business slump
which so many otherr places are
siufferin, .
Ptiit Ioud .talk is not in order. We
are not prepared to say to the rest
of the count r., comee here and pro's-
per." because .%%e have not the fa-
cilities for taking care of any large
addition to our population. We can-
not give jobs to the five million la-
borers out of employment, though
we can note \with satisfaction that
thelire is no unemployment here. WVe
can not rhake good the billion dollar
less which metal trades are suffer-
ing from idle meni and machinery.
We can't restore tlhe value of the
various industrial stocks which are
Going down da. by day on the stock
exchan ie.
The plain, undeniable fact is that
tlis countrN t,..da. in connmmon with
thii rest of the worldd is feeling the
%weight of "hard time," nmid the ad-
ministration, which assumed author-
ity on the -ith of March, with the
promise of correcting all existing de-
fects, is proving itself utterly pow-
erless to cope with the situation.
The country is groaning under
hiiah costs of living; and congress
is moving heaven and earth to im-
pose a tariff designed to make the
cost still higher. Business is stag-
gering under tax burden*, while con-
gress .s, searching w ith a nmiscro-
sco p for new subjects to tax. In-
terchange of domestic products is
weighted with oppressive freight
rates, and all we can hear is pro-
nosals for still further increases.
Practically every public service util-
it' in the country has raised its
rates within the last 18 months, and
not one has reduced them.
That Florida hus remnainld pros-
pcrous is true. and Floridians should
lie profoundly grateful to Providence
that it is so: but we have no guar-
antee that such a condition will coit-
tinue if the rest if the country is un-
relieved. It is no time to p lay the
ostrich. Things munst lbn l-,ooked
squarely in the face. If tariff du-
ties are piled up to the Fordney
standard, and the burden <,f internal
taxes augimenitedl by maVn mire hun-
dred millions given to the railroads
and the shipping' board, while the
public service corporations are sup-
porte hby the toverin nt in their
exacations. Florida's turn will
There are ixr counltl, i h l the
united .States in which di\nrores ex-
cec-d imarriageQs.

td in Operating Ent,:erprises, Classi-
hlaintenenct, 1920.
To Dec. 31,1919.
Per Additional
Amount Cent Required
of Total to Complete

$13.1.8-40.814" 1001 $12,9 1 5'(911

. 453.346(

178. 11110)

2(1.3 2..3)3 1.1-H )
27 .m 073,1jil41
30.3 7.30A),I

3,26 l.671) 2.3.t--- Il .-
13,293,8(48 23.8 8.o24.1100

trict. It was rot practicabld, how1
-ver,. fdr the census to secure dat
as to the time of the beginning o
the completion 'if the drainage
works. lender the date of urgan
zatiotn are tabulated the entire are:

courts, since there may be a period work and capital of each enter
of one or more years between the prise, even including extension
decree of establishment and the be- made after the original plan of re
ginning of actual construction, and clamationr was completed. No drain
since the work of construction willI age enterprises was reported as om
accupy several years in a large dis- uanized iun Fl.rida earlier than 190,
Table 11.-Land in Oplerating, Enterprises.. Clasified, by Date Enterprise
Wa\\, Org-anized, 1920.




Area Assessed


Date of Organizati-in A.creage Cent ,f Acreage Cent of
1 Total Total
* All dop.'r:tuing t t.:rpri-e; 1,637,073 100.0 1,759,941 100.0

1905-199 ---------------- 0.970 0.4 15.170 0.9
1910-1914 ---------------- 859,617 52.5 885.617 50.3
1915-1919 ..------------- 770.480 471 859.154 488
Table 12.-Capital Invested in Operating Enterprises. Classified by Date
-nt.:-r-prise W as (Irganized,. 19211.
SI' no Dec..11, 1919.

Date of Oiganizatii.,n.

All perati i, ent.rplrises _.-------
Sl'- lu5 I')------------------------.
19111-19.14- -----------------
I'15- I'')l ---)---- ---- .



of Total
I (1000t) (

to Complete

125.001" 11.9
8.936.1148 64.5 7.288.0110
- 4.785.759 34.6 5,627,690

Table 1.3.--DIithics and Levees (Completed and Under Construction) in
Opratin-.; Enti.rprises, Classified by Date Einterpri.e Was Organ-
izedI, '21 .... f


Date of Or:;aniizationu Mih s

All ditches and le,.ves_ 2,084 8

Cent of
I .li.0

Miles Cent rof
1727 1110.0

1905-1909 ....------------------ 75.8 2.8 1.5 0.9
1910-1914 ------------------1.688.3 62.91 70 0 44.0
1915-1919 -------------------- 920.7 34.3 95.2 55.1

The principal crops gro:n upon
-the drained land in drainage enter-
prises are potatoes and other vege-
talles. Data 'were not secured to
show the part of each enterprise
planted to any crop. so the enter-I
rises have been classified accord-
n- f \ n h .-.i i..,-i..ii-,1 p.. m .....l4 fli

total area of improved land is shown
thus classified, in Ciunty Tablle II.
No data were secured at the gen-
eral census of agriculture to sep-
arate the crops grow upon land
drained artificial froin thi se pr,, -
duc'Cdi ui)oIn land drained naturally.

1 ~- _

, age Two

T-%TZA u A l V % LT %f

t t

u.y < --'I'


I __

TtlesdaY, Auguslt ,19)21.


Page Three



I C intintiii0l Irnm Page Twl.













'N .

Number ..' all farmn, in thel state .r county ..--------
Farms rrp-.rtl l,-lanlI ha'.in i, drainage .------------------
Farms rptl ing, land ne lin drainage .----------------
Farns in ]]dainiLtU, a lnd I ''et: di.tricts ............. . .
Land and Farm Area.
.Appri.\imiite I:ir.l 1 ir- j ,f th ate ai r c nnty. acre% ....... T
All.1 land in .rn- aci ----------... ---------------------
\I 'ri., i-idl ainid ilt f ms.. acr.--s ---- ----------------- -------- 2
in I . il ai n d. in ...t.'s-. ... _...... 2
I)tllur tn n r,, a ll :ndl in Ia n sm acres. . . ..
Farii niinl n t ip rt, ,il ,is .rJ ide1l with ldrainage, ac'rt -.....
'-.trni lI' la r l,,rn ',l ;, ne,.lin:- lrainai,. acre- _------ -

Diraina-- l ..r. a, r, ............... ......

Nulliln f ll" f al l l iii, ill l lIt' '1111Mity .--------------------.
Farm., 1 Irtp t I I t'. i r .: i drainage .-----------------
Farmi., r-]iritin i l.nt n l' i.luit drainage .-- -------------
Fa ri ,i in ir . ,iil l e di-trict --------------------
Land and Farm Area.
.\l l'1 nilllat lanI r.'e. < f llthe e lty. acres --- ---------
\ll 1: ld in farin a. r -.......----- ..- .- ....-... ..
l ir .v d la in ri a res ---------- -----------
\\i.,lainl in f irm s, .acre. --- -- -
( itlhr uninilli 1r '. .1 1land ii Fa riim acre --------------
Fiarn lain t r1.1 rlt .l :t. I'r,,. idedl with drainage, acre -- -
Fiurn1 la ,l rept rt I .1 ne.i ul'. drainaue, acrer ._
Ii rnaiii a e i ly. acre, i..- i -_ dran e. r ---- --

Niuiilher i ll lF. n: ill the c-nitty.-------------------
Farmli, r, rini n ll l. in draiia.e ------------------
Farmt relirtinu la l n e,' ite.lIni drainage ---------------
FiLrlll' in drainl: a i ee dis tricts. -------- -------
Land and Farm Area.
.\Appr,ximat- land 'are'i oi the Couity, acres .. 2
All land in farm-, a ........ ... ....
Improve,- lanl Ii farms. here.....
\\'t.',ldland in farmn-. acre ._ ___
Other u nimiir"i,,-id land in farms. acre.
Farm land r.epolrt. ac pr,'.'iiled with drainage. -----------
Farm land irci rtlti as ne'-dling drainage, acre..---------
D rainage ,,nly. acre.- ....._.__.. _.. ... . ... -... .
I)rainau!. ant!i l arinu. aw;r,.,s _............_.

Number of all farmi in the "nitv y ......----------- --
Farms reporting' la id ha.'ing draina e. ------------------
Farms r, iorting land neledin, drainage. ----------------
Farms in ll raina an leee disrics --------------------------
Land and Farm Area.
Appruximate land area uf the county, acres ....------------
All land in farms, acre,-.----- ..... ......... .. ...........
Impr. ived land in farms, acres ---------------------
'WVudland in farm ,, acres .._._.... ... .--- ------
Other uit mpri''ved land in farms, acres -----_ ----
Farm land r-.portel as provided with drainage. acres ....
Farm landr reported as rneeling drainage, acres .........
Drainage Draina.e and clearing, acres ........--------------
draina',e r prited in Lafaytte, L.e \. Monroe. O-kal,,,sa andt

'ie State

.;j I I i-104
I 1,04-.Q
2.27.2 17J

1 47,940
Mv7,i 21



).4112 niI

15.314 l'

I 8l


413 1 ()4
2 1.01 )7


2 518


481.281) .389.12(
OO.083 47.417
23248 12.015
30.212 32.too0
3.625 1.833
9.317 11.210,
17.947 22.037
1.078 3147
10.269 22.5911
Si wan n C _'-lntllies

Biay 3Pradfojr,d Ireard
173 1,28', ,< r,72
.111 4.3 1' t,9
44 158 3.il
--2 t



297j I1'




43 527


.l., rt! .


52(,.72 i
I I .1'39

.1 3-1


im.-l. Si
4.04 7

: I I


F l.,'. r




4. 11


4 1.4(-t)
21 .o.7
1. 105.




134.t, IS

1 ).11i I1
4. 209

tI 11111
ti ii l-
1 1112

714 '

1.4 7.,

4 8


18 58'(

S'cmii l


1.01 1

HBr. mard Calc. un Cla\
2,81) ,79' .114
121 45 97
5 62 191
1i> 4 1

01(14 .3.21)


7_ 7 4

1 5' j

15.11 j.-1)

5.75 7
22.: 4118



.(,24.321 j
12A.4 '55


.3'.1.c,'i1 I
11t7 .742
15.1 i)1
71 U.51
21 .r,1
3.'1, 1 ,
31'). 19

.1 acl. s itll


1 .4.37



187.520 1
31 .1 71






I ;

ot71 1.10,1)
32,91 7
.34,4 74
4,5 t tI
3,r)4 7


299, 153
5 4. o75
13 (), 09'5
1 t .46 4
.3 4

o5olll Il

28.0 18

l-ie r -

41 S




7 ,i-a i i ,

1 1

22.8( 8




Land Area.
Appyro.ximlate land area of the state or county, acres..---------------........
.\Il land in llperatimz drainage enterprises, acre ....------------------..--
Imprin ,-il land, acr ... _--.........--- ...--------------------------... ..
-'er cent. ,-f all improved land in farms, acres--------------------------
Timber and cut-,.er land, acres ----------............-----------------------.....--
Other unimproved land, acres ---------------------------------------
Swampy or subi,.,:t ti overflow illn enterprises, acres----------------------
SnfferiiiIt liss ,f cr.p:i from defective drainage, acres...........---------------....
Asesed acreage --------------------.............------.-----------------------------.......
Ilxcv.,s ov r all land in operation enterprise.-, acre..---.-----...- .
Drainage Works.
Open ditches:
(.'iInIpleted. mil,-s ............- --------- --------------------------------------------.
.\dilitial unrvhr t.,'nstruction, miles --------------------------------.........
axinn i l ted in a y enter rise, miles .. ............----------------- ..
\la.xiiiniuni wiIth at lnit..im of ditch. feet .------------------------..........
llaMx'iimunl of a'ierage delithl. of outlet glitches, feet ,[ -----------....-. .
Meatn ihi thl of"brainch ditches, feel [| -------------------------........
Accc.s:Or\ l'\ ,.' andL' di,:, :
iltet. mil-, .......................................------------------------.....----------

Area dram,..-l I' ly en ditches only. acres [I --------------------------.....
I-en-.thi f'F'these ditches, m iles ------------------------------- _--- -'
.A\i-raL-e length lper acre. feet ----------------.--------------------
.\Area having pi in Inctches and le'ees, acre .......----------------------------... .....
Len-'ih of tht.i e ditches. miles .- ---------------------------------------
A -.erIgt l]c tli.h per acre. feet ---------------------------------------
L-enith .f accessc.ory l-ve -. niles ..------------------------------------
Development of Land.
Improved land in .Ieo rating' enterprn.ses, 192(1. acr..s___............ _--------
Imlpr,,vedi ll:tnl 'riir i 1 drainage., acre., .....------- ---- -----------------
Incr-asMe sinc dchinae, acr. .....---------------------------------.----
I'er cent icr;..-----------...........------------------------------------
I'er cent incrrasi is of all improved land in farmsni 102, .---..
Timilberi alnd rut-'... r land. 10211. acres -----------------------------... .....
Timler an'l ci ut-i .'e r landl Irior t,. drainage, acre-..-----.---------.. ..- -
Dleerease silm. lnaige. acre-. __-------------------------------......--
['tr f dec se....--------..........----- ---------------------------------
Oti)tvir iuniimlipr.. I 1hatil,. 192l0. acres ---- --------------------------------
()lher u anl prtNi ..I lail p ,rir t lraiitage. ai t..s ------------------- .
I.lecrcase since iaina'e, acres -.. -------------------------- --
I'tr ce.t-tt. n f deit'.ct a-' .. ...'.. ..... _.....
S\vam pl,\ ,,r sitij>.i't t'i .' ,rFhtw 102(I, acre.s-..................... ._. _..
Swamp, or ubtl'i-.ct t, ,,rflow prior to drainage, acres -----------.___ .-
l)ecrease stice drainage. acres ....------------------------------------
P'rr cent. .f decrease-...---------------............---------------------------
Capital Invested and Cost Per Acre.
T1 ital capital ir', titctl in andI r-.lruired fr completion of iopieratingl eiiter-
lries. Lapita! in\ett-d in these enterprises to IDec. 31. 1019, d.llars.___
1\ddtiti.'nal cilit:ia r.eqiLired tio complete these enterprises, dollars. -----
.-\verae c-,.it ler acre % hen completed. dollars....... -----------.._ ...
Enterprises c.Itnstructiwl i,,pen ditches only. drillars-------------------------
Average co-t per acre when completed, doillar..---------------------
Enterprri.ses c'onstructing open ditches and levees. .doillars-----------.....
.\verage' cost per acre \\lien completed. dollars--.. ------------ -----
ImIproved landI in enterprises reporting:
\'"getahles as principal crop on drained land. acres--.....-------...----------
P''.tat,.e-. as principal crop on drained land. acre...........------------...---
Sne.ar cane as principal crop on drained land, acres...........---... _.. _
Citrus fruit, as ,inricipal crop on drained land. acres..----------. ------.....
otherr crops- as principal ,ones on drained land, acrs---.. .......-- ..-. _
No't reporting crops, acres----..............----------------------------------------
"Estimated total for county. |I When works tinder construction have been

The State Bradford Irevard

.35,11 1,U40

1.759.04 I

1.9911 S
Ir ll



SA'M.1.1H I
4.5, i
1.791 2


.10.341 I
14 248

I .1l)4 0.991
4 11
1 328.31.;
5,,0 22

13.4.86. 817
10 35
14 .34
11 t102 2o.i

S1.1.7 ,




20,0Ul l




Broward Danel DeSoto

775.080 1
52 7

2/ .7


1743 77.2
^-- 113.
4t.0 292
,sM) 80
1411 114 (0
42 .4.1I

10 5.o401
20(1., 40
30,01) f

1(109 9
58 0




-- -- Itt.5

1115 1

1 ..4


f a-t5

10 52
18.1 So

35 5001

1 71
1 71


124 (1I



2.14 I)
.1 ,51 1

l3.01l ill


I C111
11 41
1,1. 9.



1r41 4.251

2. ll

..10. 1 i




1 .0.1t 5)


57.,i "1



-.I IIIl

1.4 2.311

1 .; 521
17.7 4.1


23, 8


24 9
1fI 1


3.14 4.11. 2 4,1 in 1.5i2 1.204.550
1.t'0.0')45 710(.R'4 .1.030. 111)
1.45-1147 .1340.-os8 174.440
22.4U 20.37 727
.3,54. u2 2.114ii 50t2 52.550
2211 35.80 6.48
l I ItMI)2.if202 .i'tIl.I 552.01H)
ik .11 i 14 20 K 8.49




91 H.1

.57.01 "'l1

2 .880






6.3 4


LandI Area.
1. .-pp~rrxniate landii! ar_'-A nf tihe -c- --- --- ---- --- ---
2 AllI land in -tperatuin2 dralita c enterprise. -N. acre- ---------
.3. Imliro\ei land!. a.t~--- ------------------------------
4. P-er cen.iiofttiitir'.x4r1lIandl in Irr.

7. S w~'amnp) or ;tillp ct t., t''erfl',.-.Iii i iurtr''rin s, acre . . . .
8 >titttrinj. l1,-, .ofcrp~la44nIII di (cii, lrain~pe,2Cacres.......

P1i lE"cpss 'i'. .iall KIM 1in Iqlradnil1enwtrldriws. avrzi.......
Drainage Works.

17. ~ ~ ~ z ---1l.. i -------------------------------------------

22. \rc-a 'i ---------------------------~t -

I~ \r. aIhI iI.L r ,1, 1 1 ."Ci I n!-.4 ~ I L------------------

16. M~an .' ldi u'*branch i-------------------------------
.ACes I'l I % aldevlopmnt f Lnd

4i3\ddli t~ i-Fl ln dr'. 110il Ir t' l r.A 1-11. e iL!% IL--- .-- - - - - -

21. i Ir,,rI II II II -.Il-l-- -- ---------------------------.

22. .\ 'era- ttIlpe ain d y IV '11IlL.i i-11% Iit'tI" l- 'Ill-- r-------------------
23 11-er lr -111 If 1 C' 'us 111te 11- 1, 1`111%S'.t ..... .......................

25 \r,-a cirprnth iclita w r.1 en dri,t-r ht! -- -- ---- -- -- -
21t t, If thik t r 11ne I~ c r'p 'el t drI -- -- -- --- -- -- --- -- -- --
27. _,V.,ra._- tie a ii perii 'lto r, r~ nt ...... ....... ....... .......

ir n aITUMllelial iie11,dran1. anrl. a------ ---
5'.i\'t, r cpt rI t wtiuL lt t% at- -- - -- - - -- - -


62 6




54 7


1050 60)


Lake L.ee Manatee
670,080 2.579,840 855.080)




211. 41 1)

9.1114 7
5,S 4')
4.52 1




58 1

lot.f 314 ()
.33 (it1

I14.4 21
N .1 15's


(1. 12o

2. 716~
17.5 9 1


718 721-1

1 17.978
1. 120

2.8 1 il













389.350 412.276
29.350 297,276

360000 115.000
1.1.320 .84
17,8R0 412.276
3.25 6.84
37 1.500 _



2.80 t




97 900



* 7,612









2.880 -


75 1'l









14 .l 50
11 200

74 346

11 500
- 5 16
74 I-i'








10 P01






195 586
395 786

11 R 4f-i 970.3.753
1h3 500 4.778,2t8

20 *n0 4.925.535
"i"' 21 6?
145 rr' 6,68.3.751
7 .Q ,2027
.3 ~1?I 3.020 000
1283 25.38



have been completed.



2 :



Land Area.
Appri.\xmate land area ,--f the county. acres --------------------...
All land in uperatin drainage entrlrise, acres-----------------
Impr,\ed land. acr s------------ ----- ------- --.-------------.. ...
Per cent. Af inlipruxtl land in farms.--------------------------
I imher and cut-,.,'er land. acres ------------------------.... ..
Other unUmpr.cd land,. acres --------------------------------
SwamTnpy or subject to) ':,crfl.,\\ in enterprises, acres---------------
Suffering loss of crops irumi dcfectiv-e drainage, acres_-------------
Assessed acreage ......................---------------------------------------..-------
E'xces ou\r all land in operation enterprises, acres.......----------...
Drainage Works.

(1pen ditches:
11. Cnomplet-d, miles -------.----------------------------.-------...
12. Additional under cul-tvaft._n, nMihA ...........--------___ -__
13. Maximum complete. d in aiy enterprise, miles ........----------
14. Maximum width at ,itto:im f ditch, feet x--------------
15. Maxinumn .of averav-e depths of outlet ditches. feet x ---------
10. Mean depth of branch ditches, fect x -------------------------
Accessry lc ee, and di .es. :
17. t_'in tr miles ---------- ------------------------------------......
18. AddltuHLnal l nde:r :,ntruct ln. miles -....---..-... ___.. ___
P'mlnpitlg plants :
210. Pu'mi capacity, halln, er minute -----------------------.. ----
21 r a srn r,t-,d l pumn lts, acres --------. ----------------- --- ---
22. \r ea dr-aineI by Ie dit'he- onl\. ,acie x .......................
2.. I.vn tlh inf it r.-e ilit' hvi -. m il -- ------------- ------ -- -
24. .\ ..-race Ih-n2thi p,.r acre. feet ------------------ ___ __
25. A\r a liha in\ g n i trtich.-- and I n-..< acr.-s ------------. ----------
2o Lenitth ol 'If thi .- iiit'lie mi.le- ...... ----- --- ----..
27. v\'-ra.ce ,?nuthli per acre. feet ............. ..........
28. leiy n th of acce, -..r,, lI,,,-.,, m ihls -- ------s -- --- ---
Development ot -f Land.
-.i. Imipr v i:-.1 luai i in oi,-ratii,- entierplris.t 1120 1, acrt. ................s
'10. Imli'n.n d land ,r t.,r t, ,lrainace. acre- ...... ..
.1. Increase sine-, .rain: e. acre .... -------------.......
32. er ent f increase ..----..--------.. ..----------- __..----------_____
.'1. ',r ,cent i ncireas,v i. f all impr.ied land in farms, l'-20 ....
34 Timh r and cut-,'.,r land, 1021 acre; .............--------------.. __
35. Tindler and cut-,\ n rr lt. nI prir 1. draini 'e. acre.....-------.......
31 1.)tc1cri ,s, in ',- dra inai,: e. ;a re - ..- - - __ _-- -
.17 I' r cent ,.f d ,'rear ......-- ...----------- __-- ........_ __ .._ __
.38. ()li, r unimipri.. td land. 102,1. acr, .. . .. . ..
39. Itilier unimiii proved 1.tin prioir 10 i1 lraina e. acres ...........
41 I ) -, r . s in c e a in a 'r - - - - - - . . . . . . . . . . . ..__ ___. .
41. .:,r cyril ,,t' d r fa,2 .. . . . . .------------ ------... ....
42. Sw iam p, ,ur siilli-.' t.t ,-,", rfl.' w, 1' 21. acres ... ..... -._. __ _
4.3. S. an i|)V .r ,ut'ict i .n'> r hml 1'ii.or t., '!rai,,a,-e. acres.. .......
44. Ill.''ra e i l Ina'.. a r- -------------------------------
45. Per .'nt of (Ie-F r-cr-:iqse, ... -..-. _... ...
CApital lInveted an Cn-t Per Acre.
4T,. Total capital in'. t.,td :tdi relquir, d for completion f operating en-
terpri.es. dollarss --------------------------------------
4". :,r;'nital iv.c ted in th, w,: ,. ,.erprise, ii, D, J 31. I01'). d,,llars-_
48. Add- itional c alital reilir.--l t.- c.npl. te lt ese enterlri-es, dol-
lars ---------........ .. ...........
49. Averai,- ers t i er : iore wli .-n '., inii it, l. ,,llar
'.< Enternrises con-trurti'n <,',-n Wtchos 'v. d .-ll -rs .
A1. Averas,- cost per a re \\h.n -..'"nih td dollar ------...............
5 Entenrises constructin- ,'l.-i ditche, :'i.d I,',-M- ,es. d- ..- .......-
53. .\'t rae- i''t pr acri. \\hien cmrlct, tll rs .................
p,',.- ,:.,1 *- i nd in enteriris s rcii tiii.-
51 \e'., -tales a.s irincin.al ,- I 'i, ..n rlra-ined, l',ih acres----...........
'A P,,tat e;i. rincinal cr,-p .n w drai,.-rl laii are .. ...
" ,-lear atne as prinill -ir ,. 11 n i,--' ed 1, l acre ----------
"7. ( itrns 'frtitt. as nrinci'-in l cr 1 ,q rin ,iitl 11 rend vr ,s
Q Othler c-rin s i rinn ipal ,i, on drain-eI liant. acre ...
51 N',,t reiorlin-e c-'-. acres
I,,cluldes ol\ Marion. Santa Rosa and
i" \ timated i .ta. l for counttv.
S\ \Vhuen wor, under construction have

Pinellas Polk
187,520 1,220,480
32,900 56.400
2.598 7.800
23.0 14.2
23,450 21,700
6.852 26.900
120 _---
150 48
32,900 56,400




148.0 167.0 26.5 7.3
14.0 7.5 0.7
66.0 124.5 15.3 4.5
50 50 30 24
7.0 80 11.0 4.0
3.0 4.1 5.0 4.0
- - - - . .

23 8


31 500)
301 380

S 1 .9




34 700
53 000





7 740

1677 w1i.0 355 000 8.3.000 22.5
1,7.000 325,000 67,00(1 20.000

---- 30000 16.000 2.500
5.08 6.29 2.44 2.91
167000 3550(10 83000 22 500
5.08 6.29 2.44 2.91

S iter 1




4. -k

St. Luce




1 .000
8.4. 7



4.261 .3(0

4.043 ..-

.-. 2.347






62. 2


Volu- Other
sia Counties*
718.720 2,083,200
48,937 6,640
673 2,370
3.7 1.4
25,230 740
" 23,034 3,530
24.325 3,955
27 1,510
48,937 C,s40




25 230

52.000 5V>".3l10
52.001 306.370

--.- 229940
7.46 10.96
5200) 22.350
7.46 5.68
;513 ,,














been completed.

CANAL BRIDJGE suIt tws et tlIe 11ailt. t wa IsIg-I
~TT1 (~T TTT'ge~tL1I that by s-, do I I I !thIe X, 'rk,
WAtITS ON S ~UIT cwuld ii' irpt onger r he huld. up and

I. I. Board Balks Plan of
Chamber of Commerce

(Palhn Peach P.:ost .August 27)
The trustee:; o if the Internal Im-
provement hard lia\e Iectn tnwill-
ing to accede to.' the -u'g stirin of
the directors of the Chamber of
Commerce that in order to have the
bridge acro-ss the canal to the south
of the city completed before the
opening of the tourist season, the
board vid the county commissioners
shollldi agree to stare tilhr c,,st of tlhe

that \whichever side lost the case
should reimburse the other.
Hector Harris. upon a wirel re-
quest of the Chamber of Communerce.
took the matter up %with tile Internal
Improvement Board trustees wlheii
lie was in Tallahassee recently hut
they refused to do anything until the
suit is settled.
An order from the court instruct-
ing the attorney for the board to ap-
pear for a hearing of the suit has
not yet been issued, but H. L. itus-
sey, attorney for the county conmi,. -
sioners in this case. is awaiting it
now. according to H E. Robinson
secretary of tlih Chaiiimblr of Cim-



To find out the condition of tilt.
Lee county section of the cross,-state
highway between Fort Myers and
Palm Heach. a party of Lee county
men will leave Fort Myers for
Moore Haven and tile Lee countuty
line Sunday. September 4. In the
party will be A. L. Whitney, secre-
tary of the Chlamb-r ,f C1lommerce.
A. H Gillinuham..A. L. White and
Otto Neal. the latter an enplloe of
Wills & Sonps & McCarthy,. drain-
age contractors., in thle i lna dis-
IT iz r dr'h i ahle th-n t tels T s-.-* -.,,,'i ,

Lah.,,r dlay celebrations in the Ever- RAIN IS NEEDED Illiit ini mott central and east-
g lales. mt odis,;tricts.
Colonel C. S. Ce. city manager of FOR CITRUS CROP A atisfacitry showing was report-
Mi.ami. will be at Moore Havui on il- fur citrus fruits in Florida al-
Labor dav. the purpose of his viit *__ Ith. h rain is neteiled.
heiin to invi- stigate the practicabil- I -
itv ,f etti,.' a citv % attr supply \Washintoitn. A.\u.-. 24. \Vith PROCLAIvS FLORIDA FAIR
from Lake ( keechobee. tmperatUrt e nal PROCLAIMS FLORIDA FAIR
parts of the belt. ccntio-n failed t O -n -,
sh.0-w anv gen.iral impr.,vtment dur- ''rlah. r Aug. 24.--.;overnor Cary
ENLARGE PACKING HOUSE. the past veek, thlte v.c.ekly national A. Hardlee has is,ued a proclIama-
weather and cro4p bulletin said today. tI" 1t 'allinn.- attention to the fact that
Fort Micrsn. Aug. 24.-An addi- \\Ve-vil continued to illtmpedi.T tie the FloridIa state fair and exposi-
tion to t.ie packing house 'of the crop's progr,:-s., d.eIcrtea.si, t o 'nlv tiutt at .lacks ,,n ille a ll shortly
Stripes Citrus Com(,pany. practically slightly in T'.exas. while in Stuth '.nW its ,tes f,)r the season of
lullingng; thle ize and capacity of ( Carolnlia, where tf tit the l21 assieml ling thle bet of the
the plant ha-s just been completed. plant was rep'.rted excellent the I product of the entire state and of-
MIachinw ry is being installed, and the pest prevented fruition. '. Because '.4 ft-rini Floridliia s and others ao op-
plant expects to handle more than the heat and drought. cotton d-terr- pIrtuinity of vi''w\in i sominthing of
d.-,uIle the ,e lamitiry of fruit during ioratt.d in m ,o-t .-f Texas and !)l:a- i the vast resources of the entire
.. --.. ... .. .- --It . - .l;...t ,---- ....--........ :.... .. .... .. 1 .1_. I 1 ._ "T- -1-- -- --- -.I

"deserving of the co-operation and both last season and this in orange
moral sUpport uf every loyal Flor- shipments, and approximately 10,000
idian, that the geographical loca- shipments and approximately 10,000
tion of the fair is secondary, for the cars ahead of the far west state .
institution is itself of and for the shipments of grapefruit.
whole state." California shipped 25,608 cars of
oranges in the 1920 season to June
FLORIDA LEADS. I and 29.950 cars to lune 1. 1921.
-- Florida shipped 15.092 cars of or-
(Tampa Times) anges to June 1. 1920. and 18,782
A statement has just been issued cars to June. 192t. The total orange
from the office of the Association shipments to .June 1, 1920, was 40.-
of Railway Executives which shuws 700, and in the present season to
that more citrus fruit, with the ex- June I was 48.732 cars. Grapefruit
ception of lelmons. has been shipped shipments from California for the
frimn California and Florida to date year ending June 1. 1920. was 316
thi, season, despite the increased cars, and for Florida. 8,945 cars.
freight rates. than during the cor- Grapefruit shipments for California
responding period last season. The to .une 1. 1921. fell to 243 cars.

Washing- Other
Walton ton l. counties*
1,073 1,218 18.388
42 58 172
158 4(11 1.443
1 4' 74

'I.10.8111i ) .'o 8.10 10.1171 ,tSO
21.11211 101,.598 2,233.86(1
38.orj9 4o.031 978.814
58.43r.' 4o.238 899.280
23.0915 9,329 355,772
324 1.414 1.718
9.)24 14.728 147.(8110
19.5 ; ,05 5.192
0.729 14.0133 1142.48



1 .1





.5 2.






__ __ _



I ,







1.2()2. 1 ou 2.4o2.;ty

I - -

Page Four


Tuse-Ia y AuLI g U-St 2, 192 1.


Road %ork has bea i c U mp leted
froin Ritta post office to Bare T
PContractors Complete flIeach, and the contractor paid by TOURI S i CENTER
COntiactOrs COmplete funds obtained through the Corn-
Work on $15,000 Inu,,l ,C01I6 fro tntile boardu f
,U l*t3 C tut ly o issijo er.. Continued
Project dr weather a r te t road Bank to Have Home
from settling thuioughlv, but it is
NEW B U N G ALO W f sae a road from in Big Business
N W uth Bay to Moore Haven.
Council dicu s!el the matter of Structure
Other Quarters Made a uniform wage scale for labor, coin-
Oter Quarer Made ,to thie coIncluIonI that it wa R OV I P
Available for Tour- he-st no)tto advocate or endorse an !PROVIDE PARK
I, O tandartd but leave consideration to FOR VISITORS
ists Also the various gro ,ura aoF Rniations. V1
i colored help in b.,:in pain $1 50a da --
Stuart. \iug. .25 --1 i. I,,,niract t,, antd sotne white help $1 a da. and u n g a I ows Included
lay $15. 1 .,nlth oi f lh.walk and I"i3ard. a, reported.
.-evcral smaller cnntrats ha.e been The \\i gaichld stor and Ritta in New Housing
filled so, that 1 the iunu- the season 1"`-1 o1ff e' humbumillg will be r.ady *
lopen fir. tiowns I,.f the size of lr occupancy ll ti.,, wecks.. James facilities
S.,tuart ..ill mi:k,. ta 1i .1t r .h', twilg. martin I, doing tllh. interior wo'k. -- -
This anrd mLnI ther llproilnn-nit.s and Lcis Ura) the paiiintig. The Pal n- ;each Post. Aiugust 22
have been madel pi st1,1,, bv tlhe wise lower iloi r will contain the store Stuart, Aug. 21.-During the past
inanagemlut-il ,,f the city cOunl il. ,.h. and post office in i(,e hall and a m. ni.nths a great deal of build-
are now se'ri, a coJnd term with- warliouse in tihe liuther. The iqt ,per ing has hein done in Stuart. making,
out ciOmpnll.iatitl. flu.r ha-, a fin- eight room plan it p,,sil,]e for the tO\I1i to accom-
About $,.(11111 i.,r duk the ltw I fro for l iiig l quarter.. ,,,,Ilate manl more lxsitors.
Aprolerty o ,ltr, f ,,t ,ale lks anil 1 L ie lu ln ail, e uilNg uP The larl eAt I, the large brick
the final .t,. nimittte states there at bare ach ;l andli another l, Ic- bulildinli at the corner of St. Lucie
are no deli.. I ,t rein-liIl lM]. .am S"M lle ha, anid l),crila a.cmniS that i i nearly
One of tile- t.., t cun, _,l, s iln c. pleted a fi ,e t. ,-stIr uildl ing .c nmplet'-d. The iank will ucCll- .\
town is that o.f M r. and M r.. rank iand .. \V. I ,t'rau m a ill fi a lilthe -- .,r 10 1 hN ll \\ill I l- fit-
Cassidy o tn F rst tr. It t liar s !Tren ub, t a, trial ,tructur t tL i .,It, -' tlre l ll in first cla.' sty -. .\. T
nnlasidgy l, .lnt prctt. It ha in- b en ti,,i- is, [ek .)a I lIerlan hai re- H ,-arIli hl -, alread.1 put tip his real
cs allied in ,it.rn ill, cir.v,-leitl in- 1u.lt Ill. oi, e a .l ti ad el another <--tate and is, i ranlce in in the ad-

Charle s a Ml li'sr_ ii r turlmai twei t lonli andii jrc I. in l -iit, r u L.om .-. n t).ceola a lcnue.
second floe n ,,l i t url i h learning lani. a buildcted. is in Aplplication, for the other five ro,., -
S e c o n d f r ,Iu Oif iIa ITr iik Iu a r 1 w-ra i 'nhvl' h r a -
into four aparttni t.s that ill be hamn father al ,oi. , their e im cn ler .
for rent. claim 1. paiirties frti.i S .uth (;e rga th Arcti illy i., tti-e fine l ,iM.ivel
Stuart .,,. l ha, in upl-to-ilate fire and purcha1 cd the L'harl.-s Las.tn- in the urcctii -f this ne l" lin.,
'department. largely dli,.- I,, tilth tlfi- ,cr claim. Thc.- La.,tii.ers hla e left and a ,- ciattdl with l hm are thil
cient frte, s-r. ic' f the chiiil, l -rt ,-r lFort MI-r.. nt Ianker. .. .. u.s and
Babcock. Tractor., kIic colmt in., ill. C. E AMlor Stalnh-l Kitching.
The M, L.lart lub hi el a delightful nronsuin lha, ju.t pulitascad uone Ill Nlaw r Kitcl in % i ll u hiil a t
picnic last Fridlay c ening at the M.i.I,,. lHaven \\ k hen the warmer l iti'. lbwk .uildinir oi his lot ad-
yacht clul,. the tlades can .et anll in xpliis e, ioiini the ',aint Lucie Hotel. This
Dr. Elna (_b,'i.gCr. 'if WValiinlgton. capable nlot.,r culti ator, the h,.r-c i t lie divirled nltl two tore rooms,
1). C.. is sithink h.r parents. Mr. Aill get a ins,,,_,.ii Tractors for pre- tn t, lt be c cupied by MIr. Kitcu in
and Mrs. .ohn F. L, eicr. During paration. light machines fur cuiti- and the either by Black's dru:. sture
three years' ernice iii the adniutant \atl u and trucks for haulin-.. 'The ntire second tloor will l.e ulse
generala, tdia-rtmeiint. sie hlas at- The coumly ,,l I, hoard in hiJ h, Mn r. Kitchimx for IN s coin.,jlet,-
tended night sli,:,,, and has coin- requested b? the Coiincil'., si.hu,l .stock of furniture. cariets, etc. andl
pleted a cour-e in chnlr,iractics and coulmmntt.,e to, furnish the I.cal scho ,l black %\ ill have new fixtures fir
one in lisycho therapy. She is n,.ow with another t.eacler. Tlhe enroll- his dru stire. a fine new stock. and
studying o.strpathy She \ill re- in int justifies the einplo.ment uf plr-mise, tI.. uii.c as ,od service a.
turn to \Vas.hingt,,]i ,, ithe 28th. tw,, teachers fur the grades, which i1 much larger citie.. Speirs is the
The late mni..e it their part of have about 55 sch.,larn. and one for ctiinractor for both btuildinis.
the Woman's (Club is the pulrchlase the high .sc1io.l. which will have Thirty-five feet in front of the
of the lot adjoining the club proper- Ill or 12. r. Steedlcy. the principal. store is tno Ie paved like the other
ty, for which tile m nIcy fuor full is conducting i classes fir both upper new streets. Around the other three
payment is in the bank awaiting the grades and high school at present, sides. (:i5x 100 fe-t a drive\%av will
deed. Not\\ ithstandini that $1.20(i a" unsatisfactor.\ arrangement at extend. East of this will be t!
had been rai..e lin thl- past foul best. arages. one for Mr. Black and tlie
months, friends rallied to the .sup- The pump at the school house has others for Mr. Kitching.
port of the capable board of direct- nevtr ginen good ser\tce and the Extending the 65 feet and b a,
ors until all except $51.1i0 \as ill water supply in the future will conie 250 feet to the river, the mayor i
]land. To make up that deficit. ten froum a 2(1-barrel rain water tank, to to wkive to visitors "a park where
women lent 5 each.. -\ dollar d,'in bb installed this wt. k liy B. Aider- they call rest their wear. bonesl a.
sale i. bring planned and a inscel- mail. enjoy the beauties of the park and
laneous shov er" to secure 'needed ar- Nellie BlakeJey' turned finin a the river." The park will he free
tides for kitchen and lilWrary w1ill three %ceks' stay at Belle Glade, to everviidy This add, to the
SOon be held. Three f, d sales re- Vednesday. Lake breezes and the many othiler worth enterprise, of
cently nettled$75. girls' ball gaines brought her back. Mr. Kili t-h i during a period of
The monthly '' l)I it,; m. etng Mr. E. R. Harrben "ill return more than 20 \ears. All \\ill be
are well attended and: the enthusi- next ec-k fri..m Tampa. where she completed before the season ope.is.
asmi create.l lit \car bids fair to has been il the hospital for the past The mtrettv bunuali)w helonaini t,
arow e no les undt.-cr th" new admin- week. Doerif't seem the same around I E. TaE"u]r has been made over
irotration. l Doe's without the "missus." into a handsome two story lionse.
Amonti reLent donations to the club After touring aroundI the state fir The Silnmols hunigalow is nearly
library is a set of tihe -nhclupediaa u eek Dr. T honnaaian returned to read\ for occupancy .
ritarnica by Mrs. the C. Hanclock.a the Heach, Thursday. He has defl- M r. Mads.,c has m,.ed into his
Because oif thie a -ncof tk. l itel. decided to sta ;: the commun- new home.
pastor thcre have been no ser icc ity feels fortunate in having a man Frederick Hancock hlas mvted his
at the ch rcht The Epo F rth of the doctor's ability and character office and studb,, to a lut near the
League hods teresig e -ing as a permanent resident. His prcs- Hancoeck home and ha, cunerted
age hlds ites ng nee will sate thi people i i:utlth it into a five riumned cottage with
services... Miss "Cornelia ,Adaim, the fray and thissection uian.l a In all modern. conveniences.
daughter of udge Adam led Sun- and hurried trip to Moore -Haven S. \. Matthews has enlarged hi;
-day e\'enilig. _The unprecedented dr:. weather lining roo-,um. added a bed room and
c.-- 0 has been disa-trous to earld plants otherwise imprivedl I, home.
S BELLE GLADE and late peanut,. Nearly all of the W\. I. Rca is having a tw, story
iBELLE GrLADE I first seedbeds planted in thi- localit. apartment 'house built at the corner
S- --0 were a total liss: later plantingl., If Third street anl]d .\Avnue El.
(Paln Beach P. st, Auust 2. have gr''n to setting size but can- \\W. H. Aspin\wall returned Moln-
belle (larle. .\ue. 2.--Th boat not be set in the fields until rains ,-la frml a Itu iness trite to the east
Pe ." hauled ,,nl\ one ti a.isenuel -coe. .-\n active demand is report- a,,d is, nOw bust. hat.ini the bi' ice
on her trial last .M,,nla\ a she was ed f..,r secl potatoes for fall plant- lilant aciuss the river -uut in readi-
ktaded to bttiom with corn for Ing and sinie are Iieng tpurchasd news frr iutsiness. This will be a
I.o.ihatchee. and c-e ilant. :unar here from points oin the Lauderdale large plant to manufacture for slhip-
rf h i r H going .llhil)lments a"re i. gua'.as and C. R. tre-nle-s. ,of I.awr'nc-i-.
I ,1 s i.t erae i e t r e Hl ,, 'ei a\vocadn's, the fi,.irmer bruilginlg $1 a Kaiia as. i a business visitor in ti.iit i
llaan t-ul il.l tin *irt ir t ,it a i hlltsel anil t i hatte.r three cents thl, veerk He ladle investment-
hatik ton 1lI I laie. He wLill Olin each at tle duick. with the Troi,'cal Farms hands ,,ime
P int ,l Mi i lit-Price. t) r t.- at t iia MoIlst of the bu ,h nyii- ol the s,,u1i- time a o.o and is here ptlannini to im-
P int ii Mnaul\a tiiur tle i. ill land Stean-l hili, nt ,,panly at tle Mi- ,r.,,.e -it. He expects to brini his
l farmers mal ketit bural i lt .. l ie .1nL- i canal a e en ur- fan il' here in the fall
farmer' lliarkel in st PalmtieL I ti lit ch. d I \\.- Hi J. aii, hoh haia The MNzart C(lub held a picnic
tstab isie.l in \\Ve st Paln ineach. ns,, 'e l thitree fr,.,i his place 't Ritta. ijiilire Friday tIight at the \'a.lht
laiid There i sl,' iiial at ie ll e *_. i t,, lh i ck ., i iill , ,ln .ih;t l sli, tlu Club w'.'.h n the Stuart band furnish-
(ie La-, n1'unltv 1.tn 't i 1a1 r Ili lc l aiil tie c.illtruct-il i c u,'. '. ill liove eli the mu-ic The chlii ha, never
Thre C ;itin a tull latti'i nl,1 i e ht 'il tii 1, uew ., i ,k t ,il the St. .uci caial., taki a l lfm er- ai cation but \'es
T.ouncil meetiu last Thursjda _All l'[l Bar,. letbac llhilb alt t cant it n-montthlh rrourauns.
conmmitte chairmen h at e their rt. nill' e.l tip t\th Solrlt ba il. 1 l i The Methodist Mislsionary S.S ciltv
ports aniI it w.y, fo. i lhe had t i practice ,ii \ltl a stu, ut l-I. .'erted a fine slpper last Tuesda'
done their u,,rk . ,.11 thi-rt \,as The i. s,tor, had s,,nm tod mate- eightt that nettt.d 503.l'. ten of which
nothing' left fr ihe c,,lt cil t,, di. rial t ret at giat ilea4i of prac- were donated bv- the l.and and came
The 1man senlt af;er co.ws repI,_ri ticc, and s.mlie- t.ak ,points strein- t- :. a ^reat -,rprir e to tihe ladies
.rra,= el- ients ,r'ac'icaillv c,.nileitcl ellt'd. Ht l.t-i e (Chi-slnut was i,.I Tit lC- members ,of the band sat arntundl
to imtin.-.rt s-c eral carlao ., that' can -n.,u id ur the lion 't'am, t\rl"i one l,-..l' table aniid enjoyed ihe din-
e hald ,nii e.iv t'ri-ni It was .tt .. -ir-t ialic, 1H alllite-l thrne re t a ft

that the -'-.s,, ,1 t,- hi. va\ i- li,- hit-, \ alked i,. e lld Illiill 1. "- a rd --ame I flmie concert on the
iii; to be I,,cated w\hnre it 'as Or- on1 tlle Iiai irtacho.llt tl1inil basa e Iurch lI, rch. Thie lbaIIl al %a r. -
iinall. i,lann:itl. Lars,.n, R ibm .s and ;ames k-ltd ith I- to al t ll I l od
\leiin it wva retii,,iI thai tI( tile stick t.ir the huionlc team, tile- firt
pe_" l ilf till- .vttlej1nelit v.,.,I, I""\ Val 0'Cole Iu? fltlr hlit:, al, \W ordd was received early ih the
have 10 o !,,s, it.thinii tlien _cl,. -, to- the "-tp 'd bu thrce, one oft ,vlic'lo
h'.'. %ek that e-.eland 110' litla
ward ltii a hank. tile icessar\ t .as out d f,r a round rip. sutller. d illl t herc -
$8.(00 tt re o\er iti,,-.riled as fas t o irk behind the plate %wa. thle ield- hcl h,,,ital near C,-,orado Spriengs
a! the amount, c.juld be \trittini. iing feature. Ila.] di- d l i tu ialln n o a liter in
The -ecriar, a ,-: recteil u Mt ucir HIt, )li plj] s at Bare Beach, l I, ,lied at the %%olre t a sitd been
peh "Atchi-,Orii. has., where hc had be en
write t,, lihe chief drainae nin Thurs-day, tilh 25t h. the game ren o,:d hen it %as learned that
cerI askihii that the silt li, removed shouldd be a curke.- ir1-mn start t., ,eC..el, \. as l i p..assile. Mrs
ifrtin the crt-, -Lit ca.- al. fi_,r the fli.i h a-, thel e teams Ihave pii -I .,'.e a t t him a tM ont
sake l.,-th of dramiac and trallnsor- ee n two pr'_ ic' ous gamne.. \\i-ll- a 11 ,ec ted ho me r n I) ur-
tatinn. The thim.u lit v,.-,- el.,re.ssd ialms will beind then otcr for the Ia in. i expected lii ie uro C. il)ur-
that thle col)o er-ati,,n between \\'es local,:, with Slither recent in'g S i ain -
Palm Peah ;ilI Belle Glade Gl ill or Parkisn and Gu -tll are the hat. bhet i cared for tha' eighlHenrs.
succeed in ha\I-iu sufficient rock battery for Moore Haven. either deah as that f Henry
removed fro,.,im i.e holtin lif tte New\' arrivals who w ill kcate here ,-llharlt. an ld iian from the
canal tIn make it .f u-c f-,r .ship)in are Curt \Villian- an,I his \wlie, nf north, h,, came here a e.w month
nur uou e Arcadia. \\'illians will farm with ac h. -i to recover from a er:-
.......- -. -- the \\'aldr.ln l, rothcrs at Hare, Beach. su:s ille-,.
STARTING WORK ,. t unlftortunate and distroe-- m.-. Elizabeth si art Ilas return-
WORKina l. calamity beftll the .tlt-lment r-n a st t, ler ner h e
ON SUGAR MILL la', Saturda-.. the 21.kh. Mrs. Teid "Turi.e-. "li'xas. a 'h,,rc she has
Bell. tw.iife Of Ted Bell. -of Ritta, died-t ii t'le t t i hui oil w dlls.i .
.. lr c t. l, Fla \.. i A 23.--T h er,, sulddenl. if alp'opluti She had I F utee. .t. hi i .-I hii vaca-
NM-i-i c H .tV u a.. .\ t at-il- he iot beel ill tile Ibet of health for hii,, n ttl north, I- ill fru-rm iineti-
M ,-.... e H aVI.' n S u,'ar t ,,r,,,r ,ati,,n tla, I Iiu ma.
ii ntiii .'irk ,,t e'ti at, r. a ,iO(il t tile but iher death ,\as a a r,,, .
S. shi.,ck tzi the c.-miunlu ity. She left
s.iuI ar ill i near thi place. T'lie ma- three s, nlall chil d.- ii.. %honil iigh FAITH IN THE COUNTRY.
ehiiiert oni- il the \w.d here. ainl ie b,:rs, ill as-i-t her hus-l.and in tak-
mill %%il l e i oi i erari.,n i %i t ie to -- ----
lu.ill ti ai l' r iif tini e 1 ing care o f fuor tit prcn-cilt. M rs. Bell -I.
lundle tlhi fall C ,,io ,t a ie. a. a ter i the late .lack Allen Ill .lidli im a sil l-er i r st li, lt, ut
The 11. plant will hla..e a ,..a Cilv' and O F ]..lhu. i [tit''..i t \'a-, at fii" Ih- -l aI.i i ol maali L -,acth c._tilit.B
4(Y) tIo ti.Ili t .in I illt ane .r a, he cenielery. S nda.la the ]t U. 0. *M. 1. 'laimist .t Stuart, Fla..
whichi w' ill ir. u,,tu ar.p ,,a\ilalel \ I.ane' read.i, tih e huriial serM ce. Icae -
l.flllI ini.inii- .f siigar. :_____ ___'-\\V. trl-till',, Tiii.,i 'Tl.. Il)'-cl-
ThlN is thil third .su ,tr mill Ipri- ipt-r and catii .- Ccel:. wait fur each
jett ill til'- i' cer,,la ,c-, scti.nii. an- ROSE STATE CHEMIST. u 't-e t comelc. 1 ..%ii 14 tracts or 22o
ntlhier i:.iin a ii, i\\ erct tin olle at ---lt ni-, anild 14 t. -n ].its that ()kee-
C'anal Point, on tit east sili. of Tallaha.- ,-. .\itl 2(i frir 1ni r lanta t1,1 it'-. I ,ulit t,., lir in-
I.akc (Ikeechtilie,, and lie 'einisn l- I Irl. h.,s reapp inted al tain N. it r -sttoi -iir.l. I ipait tile cash fori
,;rnia .Sii ar L, lmplp ii has a sm all F. R _.' t .talei chie iii t fi.r it lt ii of thiis Id Ill 11110 aiiil Ilat- u ailI ill',
m ill alr-'dii mi pit i ati.,iin iidi finnr ear. s, a p,-,sitii..n ilttiiin

0 ----- ---- -- --------- 0
Lake Worth Locals
0 -*-----t--------- 0
t Palnm Beach Ps, t.\uui-st 22
\Valter 1_. a ,t i ',owers. Ire..
arrived in Lake northt h Friday mght
for a fe'w ,.la.Ns' visit. He owniis
property in this city and alo'u a
tract of laind w'test iof Bti, tot a l-i
the object ,'.f his visit is to inspect
hi ts holding s.
Mr. andul Mrs. Frank Las lbL.-rg
retried Frilday friin an extended
visitt throihli the north. They re-
port a delightful vacation., ut are
plad to Let back to the wonder r Cit3.
and will open their place of business
in a week or twvo.
Cleveland Smith has just retinrneul
from New York aid othe-r north-
eastern cities. He attended the Car-
pentier- I)enp-y bout in tJersey
City on .ul 2.
At the mc etinlg f thin laborers'
union-1 thursday niyghlit plans were
agreed upon for remi.-delingu theli
temple recently purchased aInd
Imovd ti their lot ,ion H street be-
tween Lake avenue and Elevetnthl
street. The r-,n:f 'will be raise-d and
a seciind story added, and the bulldl-
ing will lie made It fint lounger. .\
stage \ ill be erected con the first
floh .r. anite-rohiml. club rooms. .show-v
er Iaths aind other modern improve-
ments %\ill hbe put ill. and when conm-
pletel-d w\% ill bIe a credit tu that or-
gan izatii-in.
Friday night. Au\ gust 19. '\ill be
loine remnernmhred by Mr. anid Mrs.
Fr.-d NI. Burbach. This heiiing their
3-Ith uv-ddin- annii'. rsary and also
thile hirth anniverary- i-f Mr. Bur-
hach., vl,\\O1 was 55 cari- of age onil
thi iialat., a simptuiiius su].ppir was
h'repared I,, their children and
g randchliliin. and a gIlneral g.,i. d
time and family reunion wasii eiinjoy-
ed by those atttnling. After sup-
per a fine musical pr.-'.rain w\a.,
render-di b m blers. uf tile familyy.
amllon1g wihomn arc sLIme of tht tle.-it
musicians in thie city. .after which
all departed Lfur their hiine- ishingi
the happy couple ianly pleasant re-
Thi,_.se attcindiig were: IMr. anij
Mrs. F. M1. Birhach. Mr. and Mrs.
E. R. \\itherell. Mr. and Mirs. \V.
M. ShlamN. Mr. and Mrs. F. W.
Foedtk,:. Mrs. Paul Reinliart. Alice
and Robert Withertell. Dorothi aind
Florence Shamno, Emelia and Mar-
garete Foedtke aild Pettie Reinl
.\ part. consistinli. ,.it M r. and M rs.
Henry Moore. Mr and Mrs. Byron
I. Ball of \\'cst Palin Beach; \\il-
liam La\\, \\alter H. Dyer and Mr.
Hunter enijovd an ,outing on the
Miller estate on the ocean beach be-
lI La.s. oyntoii Sunday. Plent) ofi
good things to eat %were taken alun-4
and a fine dinner anid supper served.
The day \wa.!as spent in games and
bathing in the surf, and all report
a delightful time. \\ ile in Lake
Worth Mr. and Mrs. Ball drove
over the city for the first time inll
several monlnths and expressed great
stmuprise at thle ilany new buildings
that ha\e gone up nr are under con-
structil.,n at the present time.
Charles Bethany has resigned as
manager of Elbrc's Drug Store, No.
2. at \\'est Palm Beach, and ha, ac-
cepted a position \'ith E-ngraim Bros.
Pharmnacy at this place. Mr. and
Mrs. bU:thany are well known in
Lake VWurth and their friends 'will
l.e pleased t h-arn that they have
returned to tils cit\ to make their
home. Mr. Bethany had charge iof
the drug .store here several :cars,
Mr. anid ] Nrs Lec-ttr Ki-tcliumn have
just returned fromill a ext-nded visit
10 St. L.ItIi) and i points in lllinuis.
Thile trip waa, made ,by' auto.
Paul V. Rinchart of Peitria. III.,
arrived in Lake W\irtih Mjnda3 tu
join hi.. tife. \]l.,t ]la.- beeen visiltni .
hi.-re Ior s.,-m tillm'. The lia'e de-
cidcl tS make this thei-ir ptrnimaulent
Dr. l L. I.. Tatulni. h. L i.i itedl i
I.ake \\ ,-rtlh a ft \'. te.-ks ag'i fnomn
DeFuiinak" Sprinii -. lhas retiurnedil t
llith e 'It,. ,Iliih Ii fam il. and w ill
Iiiake tit-. hi, I h_,luile. '.'. ill occupy
the officece vacat-ed yesterday by Dr.
Peppers in thle Hllhy liv hIillinir.
Mr. and Mrs. A. \V. lIriffin, and
the former' -pa nrets,. Mr and Mr-.
I) 1 riff if Ti- .iled.. )lno, ar-
ritedl in Lake \\tirth Saturday. inak-
inm ile trI]i b1: auto. Mr anid Mrs.
D. LL. (jrii'fii w'ill iii-,e ,:,tit c-mn their
uro e nilear [ot- lit.-i,. while his. son
c',,l -lniftlatcs g uing in .ito business ini
Lake \\.- rtil.
MIrs. H. \V. Tluurl,-r. M rs. 1-:.. 1.
Rred and Mrs. T.,m Retd c spent
".I'-esday i MNiamn.
E.I. -EBlaklcs y of P-ntiac. Miich.,
has re-turnl lto Lake \\ orth to_ miak'
his tn -iie. He visited here last .in-

ter and w',a- -reatl%' enthused oAer
the futinr- pr.',.spects of the city. and .
is loIo uv, i-nr of considerable prop-
enr. liere.
S he Lake \ ortli Camp Modern
\ooilmen ...i America are making
arrailniemeiits fir a big otpell meeting il
to hue held i.n their first regular
meeting ni:.ht in September. One
,ti thi feature of the program will
be the openly initiation -f several
candidates. to which everyone i$l
invited. A Ianquet will. lIe served
and a fine program is ilron-iised,
which \.ill be in chance of tile
F:nre-stcrs' team under tlhe direction
of Chief Frists-:r \W\. L. Nutter.
\ilnut Lidge i.f Perfectin,. No 1I,
.Aill -meet tonight and will confer
the fifth ...r "''erfict Ma-ter" Legree
o.un a number of candidates under the
direction oif Eppie L. Barler. The
tAst will hbe as follui. s: King Solo-
lackson, ille, Fla., A-il4. 24.-The1
Lakelandl Telk-ram printtdi a st-,ry
i--lay sail ti t.,. h :,baed -n autthentic
inifurmn aHills, that a dcel.-uatliin .if cat-
tliiieiin initer' iewc.e (C _'. erni'r Har-
dee at Tallahias..ee ithl a it'v ito
urg;inig that a spl c'ial s ssiuin ,.f tilt.
Ic;islature Lie called to e1 dact I,' is-
laitit i f-ur tlhe' uria-i catl,-ii.i, '( attl,.
tlik illn .-,rler that the eilmb-arir i
a- nau t i'h.l rida cattl. m nli-it lie lift-
It %w as ilsnlus I11ih: t,, .i .ltail ci .,n-
firnmatr' adivi., fr.niin Tallahasse,-
tl. iigllt, d s t.. h..ttlh'r tlh lilt' r ie'-
lt.,,.k pla.:e H ,,. 'e er. lie I, lici wa,
expie-se-' illn i arter- us.uall-. c ii-
siJt rcd rulialh ti- illat I i,. ernis r Har-
I.te t;., arl i ir-c- tlth callin-ii ft ,t



Co-Oper nation in Sel-
ling is a Feature Sub-
jectof Programs

Ocala, A.I4. 24.-The Florida di-
isinii of the Farmers' Union opened
a three days' meeting here this
morning at 9:30 o'clock in the court
house. Headquarters of the conven-
tion are in the lobby of the Ocala
H.-use where the delegates regis-
tered upon arrival in the city. Com-
nittees from the County Farnles'
Uniunii and the Marion County Board
,,f Trade welcomed the farmers
fruin i.-ther sections of the state.
This afternoon at 3 o'clock the
visiting delegates were taken to Sil-
\er Springs. in automobiles and tak-
en dosin thlie Silver Springs run for
a bIoat ride. after which a basket pic-
ric ,.as served at the head of the
.springs. This feature of the conven-
nion had been arranged for by the
joint committee of thle Marion Coun-
tv Board of Trade and the County
F.rmers' Union. The Rotary Club
\ill co-oiperate with these two or-
ganizatlions in the entertainment of
thle v isitors.
lT-day's proiraim was as follows:
93011 a. m.-AfMetiiig called to or-
der Iy President J. L. Shepard.
9 3-'-9 45-.Adldress of welcome on
liehalf -.f the city of Ocala by Col.
F. F. Rigers.
S:45-)-\Welcome address of. Ma-
rini iCiiunity Farmers Union, R. L.


Another corncrib is to be iiult.
this time by Mr. L. H. Johnson, to
store the corn from his 80-acre field.
Mr. Johnson bought his land from
the I. I, Board early this year.
Clearing was not necessary and
disking was all the work done be-
fore planting. Notwithstanding the
fact that this is the first crop, Mr.
'ohnsnn exnects from 35 to 40 hush-

els of corn per acre. The corncrib
will be ltx30 feet, with wings on
each side. Living quarters for their
colored help will also be erected.
The Woman's Club held its week-
ly meeting Thursday afternoon at
the horle of Mrs. Elderkin. The
club holds its meetings each time at
the home of a different member, se-
lecting the meeting place a week in
Great satisfaction was expres-ed
with the founding of a company in
West Palm Beach to build a tele-
phone line to Lake Okeechobee and
ito connect the different Glades set-
tlements with the county seat. The
ciimipan\ can feel assured of our
hearty co--ip.-rati ii. .
New settlers are coming in and
old-timers are coming back. Two
parties have moved on land on the.
Bolles road since its reconstruc-
o 0o
c---- 01
(Palm Beach Post, August 22.)
Pahokc-. AtIiL. 21.-Pahokee is a
very busy place. Many new faces
are -ten around and there is that
busy stijn in the atnmospilhere as if
great things are ahunt to take
place. Tractors and aut1,lmiFbilt-s

Shearer. are buzzing around on all sides.
10- 111:1--Response to welcome Land is beiii put into cid iti.t i
addresses. 0. L. Mizell. for fall crops and load. of corn are!
10-15-lu 45-Address, The Part i.,1ig gathered and put, away,, for
thie -arnimrs' Union Has Played in winter use. Several new houses are
Nati nal Legislation from Its Birthi under construction, also. ,
ntil Now, and Its Aims for the Fu- A singing class has been an-
ture" C. S. Barrett.
re:45-11-" 1 Problems of th ized'I by Ernest Cecil and about 20
S.45-1- 1 Probems e pupils enrolled at- the first le.s,,-,n.
Fi-,,nrla Farmer. -V.._E, Jenkins. Mr.and, N rs. J. J. Hudson re-
11-11 :15- hle %\ oman s Part i turned home Friday after a visit
Flarnm Organ zat on. Miss Agnes L." of several months in Oklah,.omina and
I\t 5-11 .5 -- Pat the Farm North Carolina. They were accom-
11' U -11 .i eHa Pain the Fairmgt ,anicd y Mrs. Hudson's sister, Miss
ers LnIun Has I laved nm te rigt C. Fa lleLawrence, who will make
tor Better armng n Florida, her home with them.
i. MlcQuarrie Mrs. J. C. Cochran went to West
11.35-12-What the Farmrs Palm Beach Thursday morning to
L'illon Has Done iii My Community Palm Beach Thitirsda ,nioriiing to
and How It Did t." J. E.Turlin-meet her married daughter and
and. Ho It Did It. J. E. Tur lg- grandchildren from Homes-tead.
12-12:13--"The Price the Unirlall- They came out on the mail boat the
i,:ed Farmers Pa for Their Fully," falling day.
ed Farer or eirMiss Margaret Bell. of West
S. 12 W te Farmers Palm Beach, has beep 'isitilng Mi-s
ULniin Has Been Worth to ',adsdeli Inez Culp for se-eral days. .
Ciiunt%.." X. H. Dean.
12 25-12.35--W\h' Holmes Cl'.- BARE BEACH, 4;'
e s e arMOORE HAVEN, 3
12:33-12-45-"The- Relation or -
IFarm Organiization to Demonstra- Inl a fast andl exciting .1ame'l
Lion \Wnrk." I. I. Sechrest. Thursdav at Bare Beach. the ba.e-
12:..45-12:55-Shiould thle A.-meni- ball team took Moore Haven for a
-,an Farmer Take An Interest in trimming in the deciding game of a
Legislation?" H. H. Lewis. three-game series, giving the home
12 .55-1 .S--' Cu-uperati-. L Sellng team the edge. two games to one.
.,f Farm Priuduct-." H. P. Ptersoii. The feature of the game was a
1:05-1:2U-"\Vhy All State Agri- triple play pulled by Lockett. Grift-
cultural Organizations Should Fed- faith and Pape. after a -eniisational
crate. C. H. Willoughby. -catch II the outfield. \Williams
1 -20-2-Executive session for ap- pitched a remarkable game for Barr-
ponn i ltlet commit ttes. eah, holding the i.sitors to three
2-3-Lu,-. "c,. hit, after a bad start in the first
3-t---Entertainment by M\ario:i inin when he got some.,,
i.,unt Board uf Trade and MI ari n r k. le ndi Callen led wlialr
Count. -.Farmers'Uuiii.i '. j I- ,breaks. Harlcill and Callen. led %%itVil
Ctug arii rt Lver I I 'h" the stick. h'itih collecting three solid
8-S :45- \dd're 's ,, T. I rooks. rgle" , s.
8-845.. ._ "Patie op ct'e d with a double for
HARDY VARIETY AVOCADO Mu're Haen,. which was folloed IS DISCOVERED IN ECUADOR. by a fisl;ilr.s choice, a hit batter.'
passed ball, and an error at the
Sarie-v of a.ca.. or alligato-r ,plate, -.hoing two runs across. Rob-
ar, the uit f t .which attain.a a bins' nice lilaY .6n Wyatt's roller re-
eight ,f u l ouices anid the trees tired tile side after Horne's single,
,if w which w ill stand t-ie fri.,st. lias Itav ig two on the I'ati-.
t.e1i tilt to the .tfict. i. fort-i, n GuIstin singled in the sixth, stole
se-d and I lant intrtducti'ii..n Litented second and went to third on an
.tiate- Departicnt uf .gnculturt. overthrow, but was left. The only
liv Willon l 'olenl.>, ldal -exltr i (itlier .time the visitors threatened
Siuthi .merica. and 1 lm- s f it are was in the eighth, -wli. Pape a-aini
iio,. -irowini. in tihe dleIartmnill broke off a two .Iag.cr was sacri-
gre-euhi,'ies Uiou.-:.. thile lnciv.. ficed to third, and scored on a
vu.Lcdd-... harditr acaini,t cold thaii fielder's choice, and an error. -I
the ordinary West Indian and GC u- Gaines 1alketl to start the third
atimialan varieties. ,.as di sctvered for Bare Beach, was ,aerificeil to
in Ecuador, a o-.untry situatl l -on seind. went to third on a ii fielul
ilthi etluatir. Th-e reioni., hitherto out, aWlt scored when Car-on's -fly
unklino\wni a-s producltli this fruit. 'wa- drni lipe Harben ftllt,'.'ed .iti
is in what is, kno' it a thie Chita a sin iigle, hut Suther fanned.- Callen'.,
Valley. u,il' feet abo'.c sea level -.ingle and\ Waldron's d'iiubled pite-
gut l1g a climate comparable tno ed the fourth, but Lockett's wioiuler-
inan i- l-t4im..s much farther north, ful catch, which .tarte-I the triple
M, ,st of the fruits-, if \arietis ..- pIplay, followed, closing the :111iilni.
this Mexican rauc are sinall. This Constant hamntriii-roll' of V'ai. is'n
.nlc ha.as fruit comlliaralile in ~.iz ,illthi ifferiings finally brought results inl
tlhoie if the more tender races.. Re- the home sixth, which Carson open-
gionis ..caisii.. inall' \ isited- h:, a temn- ed with a three base clout to left
lierature o.if plu., 18 dhgrc,_- Fahr'-n- center. Harben lined a clean one
eit produce l hearin-4 tree, ,-f the to left, :, -,rii'. the tyin% run. He
Mexican a'.,_cado. stole, and so.rcd when Waters threw
Swild on Suther's bunt. Callen poked
one into left for two sacks, sctuii,
Suther, with what proved to be the
winning run, but fast work cut the
hitter off going to third. Waldron
being left when Wyatt smothered a
grounder for the third out.
M A P Suther started the home eighth
with Texas leaguer to right, was
sacrificed. and thrown out stealing
Of third. That was the last chance
for the hiomne team, and the visitors,
PALM BEACH though Wyatt singled. were easy in
the ninth. *
COUTNTY The box score:
COUNT Moore Haven AB R H PO A E
Pape, 3b-------- 4-- 2 2 4 1 0
for Dow, rf--------- 2 1 0 4 1 1
Parkinson, lb ----- 2 1 0.4 1 1
IFt Griffith, ss -------4 0 0 3 3 0
5 0 c ( llGustin, c c-- 3 0 1 5 3 0
Hornet, cf ----- 4 0 1 0 0 0
Wyatt, 2b ----4 0 1 3 2 1
to subscribers of Lockett, If --- 3 0 0 3 2 1

SOUTH FLORIDA Wters- ---- --
Total ---- 31 3 5 24 16 4-
Gaines, 2h. 3b --- 3 1 1 0 3 1
Beardsley, cf --- 3 0 0 0 0 0
to all others Robbins, ss ----- 4 0 1 2 2 0
75 cents. Carson, If. 2b 4 1 1 0 1 0
Harben, lb ---- -4 1 3 12 0 0
Mail orders to Suther, c- ---- 4 1 112 3 2
Called, 3)- 3 0 3 1 0 0
Post Publishing Gay, rf- ....- 0 0 0 0 0
Waldron, rf, If 3 0 2 0 0 0
C p Williams, p .-- 4 0 0 0 8 0
Total -----------32 4 12 27 17 3
,et P-'alm Beachli. Fla. Struck out, by Williams 11, by



Approves Report of Commis-
sioners Who Assessed Bene-
fits and Damages

fulturi e 'Il tile .' ill Ic i .lad that
thie t i k hI as I:,ir I i Ci clII.lit.tCtld.
The dleci-ionl i-,t ilt cuLit rI'Lilmu es
',lle lig ilis-.tt.tIL i lht e lit u 'css of
tlii dlistrIct ir the tiling i.,f ti e ob-
Jcctioni to the t'.millssiluiu-r' re.pit-int
tied upi tilted pron ,r-s .s .it the district
1111untl thlt curt's l, i Scii 'n w.as made.
T it- n n: .I will I, preparm-,.
the lii.n s ,.if tie dittst'i,:t fu r sale a lnd
as -.,',n a- thi.'e li.', 1 b e,:el -oldl thei'
I'e started inmneleiiatel'. alldJ the addi-
. .. ... I ..t.. I, .T. 1 -..., . ..--- .- .

it- illdl lIlcI s U V.I 11 I I It: c-%C i eiH c'-l-
\ er-) Prcs. ed I, .s', ,IIIu '.ill be started and
II thle c.,urt house at Fort I'ier. t. hieiin bthi wurk is mc.iinlpletl, the
ThursIda. aternolir..n was re-miuert d a \ ur,)o Ili-trict w. ill IIt. thite ftine.st
d 'cision in which all tlle pie ole tl c it drainagi. .3-t Iii iii llie stal:.
the X ero district are inti rested' d, esC T hi 0 trl;. v. ill iiialxc a, ailabic
pecially those w iio hat e farms and .u -i t1 ..f thie finist lands n thie state
groves, uor other developed pr,.,penrt:, I. lre fuarnii' in practically -.ery
ill this district. f uri cl cain x cai-rir d iii Thel re are as
In a shlt. well worded opinion,l gtoi dl land;, in -thevr -n ectulliii of tlhe
.ludge l)a% is harn ied t .i.. niu Iins, i] ist it-: a-s lh laial teiii'ractd in i he
cision suistainingl the rclpirt of thie Indian Ki'er -rlln s drainat- dis-
counl issuiners .' .hi., had a-seNsed tin | trict, but in n1 ihlace in tllt: stat'
.ben fitts and l a.inaig.t-s ti., each ie.'cl ia .: thli ilil a i liap,1 c ,i in atlianl
of lawlmi under th[lie lie' iplan i ri -f '- .I s. il, \.lv. i can ll C \cll
clainatioii. .IJuli ,. I avi., paid th, drai 'll, u%, i. i nall%, arui- tiLs nli
district anu l the c.iinuililnit ; at lar.e. ;.urii i t n ul rail i'pri ', u tit cain lite .uc-
a great trilnutle in the talk llhatl hI It st, ull:, ._.r n.. \.
made bt f ric- lialiliding d wi n Iii. dl- l 'ltc laidi inn li1 \'1t.r.i -c" C n't i, ,i
cisiun. lie w% as % 'r.i fiaink in ljtl nit ..... '1 I 'ir l titi futil, itit
in ; that he hadI lhad pp,..rlu ity 1,, t, ,1 .i tl-,, l_ !il. 1 1 1. 1 ru' W inii
ubi,,rscr thi l 'airaiace of .sc eral hlil- ,,I iltttlu i c i l\. cudmi-til r., pi.p-
fcreint districts in tle st:.ie tt. ,if Fl. r- In s. c. il.i, t' A n ilA, 5. ,t.,totse-,
vil awlnd that li:- ha'l ie ii abi .- tI, in- AI',t'a -. n.;a:in lini. aii id ll ll uCii-
_spect the land dri-an tl l y i:. li.t.s Iriab. f l.-il ci',I liin 1ll 1: --,tin-,l.
(jrainaLa e s.. nt .iln-. 1,t -iu iir he hli b1 i t[h u -tiac t1 h cl l iati, coin.lili.iis
lnot hall th e II :snr i .itiii n. ai \ iplc'lu i tt i r ll e .'ii it,'i l m i nl, tine, ior
tira-..t if land within thte stat,- %%her t- i u .. i th i \ t -u .i i l l '1 I' ip itith
thlie lands were ni. rte fertilte amil I -rc ., U.ir clilM.ilc ill ill.n W tint
w iherie the evi-ltiices ,if I)artial -liain- .--i I nci' f i1 ll f tilen l ll n ;ill ] wier-
age were i,, apparent anll tile fLI- tiis kind il f fla i iiiA il i'.- luth-
lure so hri:-hit as thll di.tric I t cini-ItiV, .ill I' h icr) inI[ fitr tlhe
Ihraced vv ithlin Ilie Ini lian l it\ r fIti rni-. aInd ini t t. li.-..i .:- >f '.erv I hi-hl
dr-ainage district. alub' and thl,- ,I'1l. in this c .111-
He stated while tilis drainla e tax il in 0il t ,ll ln-,i i l t o )ie sM. pir ist-dl
?which is being pil::e-d tiupoi tile dif- if iii thi: fitlni l( tile lanit- e-Cii i'acled
ferent tracts o.f land in this coii m- i the \cr,., dlintrict will It- tht-
iIuni ity ,ma' eenii tn w a I rd,-n.' inll hih ,li:--t .ric, d ]:t n-l-a i in tIhe state.
the future t,hey, will be a ibles.ing alnd
the peotphle wcho are nIi,.. tilissatisfied I \\ mitn-n a'l i e\a ,. C.il-t-rs ha eC ill-
Wvith the decis .ii lit handed l down 1I ci ca ed 511 pe-r c.i i.t. in tilt: L'iitk d
w ill see tle tint- inl tile err, niearI Stat-u.-s ilnn '- tile la-t teln 'ears.

$600ll,000 PAID TO han -. ,,ft I.s, 2...2111) cate
I ut f I. is and l8..JLl crat:-s ot' c- -
LI.l .-. These : rial.: a tott-l oi 21j,,-
S IRI 11C iaka' wheln there I, addil
G,.LADE GR 9ulI pla.ka -.-s ,,f oiI,)t;, cablbage
and i t]ther iege-tatbles N.:.thiii w.as
ii ti under fl a pa:ka'-ie at the l.ia,.-
Vcuctal.les nia- t rkc-tt-dt fi'-.iim six inm sttati.'in: $1.:511 \as i-the iniimllU
cuilinuunities l-,catcd on. the eastern I rutt- of tilnatujes : th, large-st ,part
shire of Lake I lkeechli.-hue. Torr of the .,.UUI hamnpers rf beans e,'1,1
Island and Hillsl .IrI canal, in tile at $35i1 nc-t. A- many lp.acka1cs e..1,"l
season .it 1-. a valuee f as hl h a., $8. ;n i eras-: 'If $3 a
o er e '.l .Illt) b' c,,nser', ati e c-ti- Iacl.age sl-l,.-w, tht. iincomi,: of th.
mate. The acreage will be increi-d.sed r-.ers to ihate been w.-ell o'.er hial
this fall and next slmrin: conditions a millitin dollars for vegetables
for production are fav...rable, and a l.tire
there i: prirospect that tile ielt 1 till Ctorn. cane sv r ptl. pcuii.iltr: irodducts,
be inci-easeil in iproprti,on tu ell- and fruit- sold t nm ile salne
larned acreage, fanuln- are kiin,,ni ti hav: l i-ei of a
The figures ..f Iast seasi.in's Iri- i alu,: that makes the t nla! I-roduc-
duction were ol.-tained I\v lule- M. tiuin i1f these -Ix comnmunities exce,''l
-iir, ,.; -. l i i h. h rm an u t i.. 11 .... . I !.-. I ,h .. .. .....

i 1u 1 i |I i t .', c ii ra ii iL i i i il V I
Palmn Beach Chaimber i.,f uComnl rce'_
agricultural committee, frinl po-t-
masters at Belle ladle. on Hillshor.o
canal: Cliosen pust office', fo-r that
community, and Torrm. Island, Krar-
mer I.sland, and Paholkec and Ia-
coill's Peiniit on East Beach.
The tabular statemnclit prinitei
hl re,'.ith shot s 128.i1...p1 acklags >f

a n i II .1n iiul ir 1n t ese I-"- ln-
inunities there arc Ip-roliialy lt'l fam-
ilies fr.im iwh.s.,e farm came this
unili-..n dollars. an a, erag'. of $2.11i)
a famil.. The $2.(if'11 is al.u,,,,- such
items a- h.uise i'rnt.. afterr bills.
electric : lI h t a i ai lar-: e part 'if li -
ing e.xlieit. thle farms providing th.-
largir part '-f thi.. articles requi ired
for the fanil.v table

Post Offiice Tunatues Pitatoes I'i its PI'tli".-s plants ULthcr
'elle (;lade -- ---- 7 5.lJi 511) 1.. il;) 7 i:.J I1I1 71(1
hosen and T ur '.. -. U i .ii) 1.1_1111 i i:l 5111 2.31111
Pahiokee ----------1li).t11):i2_ i 'I 4il11. i i1. 5 =I -inil 321li)
Kraemer Islail -- ,511. 2.51 1) _. ;il 2.10n0> 71.111
B Lacomn's" Poilit --- .( 'l, t ---- 7, lil l.) 10 i 5i. mI
ToitaI .--------__ 128.111111 l7,551 -1;il, l 2t.21,11 8.5 ( 01 iJ


Laiitls for sale ill large or small tracts inl Palm
Beach County suitable for orange anlt grapefruit,
ti'ucking, poultry and live stock farming.

For ilIforlatioii address

J. B. McDonald Co.

Local Agents
West Palm Beach, Fl'luida

-- -.......-.-...-...-.-.-....



W e believe ith- purchase of wcll-si.h -.lt 1, nc,' css.,ilhr nIui k l:i.- f in t',e
Upper E'ergladis, onI navigable canals, i.s aii e. \cllent ii tsii-lih, iit n t
ouIr present prices.
W e think a visit to tlicne lands will conI ,:ine \oe ii ln.it tliIc rnit.lai ind
UI'11cr 'G(lades are one of Aimerica's Prcnicr Iin'.tinenit ihprituitile.
\Ve still have several choit-c secticins nmii'\ ready which iie w. ill sell in
6-10-acrc tracts, at very attractive fiutires.
Further Particulars on Application

Largest and Oldest Real Estate
Agency in Palm Beach County

223 Clematis Ave., West Palm Beach. Florida

Florida Realty Offers Opportunity For
the Most Advantageous InvesL-
ment Today
Whether youavant city property or farm
lands, improved or unimproved, we are
equipped to serve you to your satisfaction.
Information gladly given
Call at our -office or write


-4 -r ~ -

-----~--~ ----- -~-~-- --'-'-




SGentlemen of the Senate and the r
House of Representatlves of the Flor- t
ida Leglsiaturc; a
Section 1. of Article 4 of the Consti- e
tution of 1' orlda is as follows: r
"The govrnor shall communicate by c
message to the legislature at each IP
,agular session, information concern- a
Ing the coniitlon of the state, and
reconrmmrni such measures as he may
(deii expedient." In keeping with the i
foregoing provision of our constitution, a
I liave the honor of submitting to your o
consideration the following Inrormation, a
t,,Letter with such recommendations as i
would eeni appropriate at this time:
In a general sense, the financial con- t
edition of the state is sound. The state P
has no bonded indebtedness except the c
sum of S~Wl..u.00, whi.:h bonds are now
owned by a division of the state gov-
ernment, to-wit: The state board of b
e,:iuc.t l ln.
i lt,.-ireve the time has arrived when l
\\. iihould adupt some plan for their
letir,-inent. The fact that the bonds
are now owned by a branch of the
sidte government uoes not mean that
il-, state re'-d not concern itself about
their i retirement. They are, as stated,
o.v ned by the state board of education,
aieI the constitution requires that the a
indIs hell by said board or education
shlnll ,r--main Inviolate. except that the
iiil.-r-sr on the funu I., distributed tu U
in.- .-'uuntl"s. The bnnds must event- e
ally ,be retired, and we should now 1
au'iait a plan of retirement which will
maKe- ithir payment easy.
I- rt-cirnmnre--n- that an act be passed S
creating what might be rallel a sink-
ing fund commission, composed of the i
governor, state treasurer, attorney gen- U
eral, (secretary of statr-, and state su-
r,i-.rif'-r,.]Jerit of public instruction, who |
Iiail aiie-ct the state treasurer to open
a i-inhkiul fund ir-olint for the retire-
ineni '..[ iti-, boti,l. all th.- interest paid
by the banks on stite d.-ic.sits to be t
ci't-Iii., i to this fund Th,. commisslion-
I- should have power to invest the
1ud., in high class ; bonds as it may
accumulate from year to year. And
Nv when this ncc umelrtl'.t.n of securities
Ini'l cash equill thI- bonded indebted-
ii,., (if the .'tart. [lin the commission
.=h.iiuld be cloth.-i ,.iih the power of
sul,-Ltitiirii the accumulated securities
and 'a.-In t'r state bonds, at which l
time the state bonds may -be retired.
'i lihr.,ul this method their payment
may be easily accomplished and can
I.), brought about in nine years, or
j' ,'*ihj1... a little earlier.
lpr.' is another item touching the
state's financial condition, to which I
teel it my duty to call your attention,
inasmuch .1,' ;. lropriat.- action must be
taken by u-ii -ly at this session in
ur-d, r that the deficit hereinafter re-
forr-o1 to may be taken care of. 6
lmitrm.- the year o20 an appropria-
tion l.% til l i.i-latmi-' of 1919 for the
aUtpp". i .,r Ii. H',lit:ni for the Insane
at Ci itt, l,-i,.c-hee-. auil an appropria-
i .n tir.I. f.-i the S-ipl.iCint of the In-
iLu ri'-l .'.-h.-J-.I for B. .3-s at Marianna,
were insufficient to take care of the
ror <>-,l iti',- *at these Instltu-
oi'1. Thi- ,1. i-,t ac the Hospital for
the Insane amounted to $177,6Z3.20. The
at MAri.inna amounted to ,......2. The
I -f commissioners of state insti-
ilit,-i.. under the administration of
mIn' pi. lecessor, arranged with certain
I i i-'iir institutions to carry the deficit
atl r,'-. referred to at an agreed rate of
numh,-ei of six per cent per annum.
Si-ir tile credit and good faith of the
state may be maintained, it will be
1, ,'e.. .1 r for the present legislature
:, ',. t for the hblig.tions of the state
hin 4ti regard, :w,-i it v,'ill also be neces-
sairy [o pass, as speedily as possible,
kal ,'l, .i t.-y i nprropriatoin to pro-
vidr 4 ifui '. f.i_ h h.- above institutions
tantilt IlI-.. fulnl! under the geiLeral ap-
[:,rihpi latiin bill nia, o be a available .
.\pairti clOn the llvr,t above referred
to, the financial condition of the state
i *,ii, i cannot say as much, how-
411":' tor ili. ln.li'i-clual *'ou .l -:c of thlit.
5tiitL" A .:rl..i niii. 'V o f ile counties
ari. I iglyv involved flnanclally. and
eatecinll. i- thus true re gardingh the
cqOi ntY but r 's of public ini-truction. It
wkill rt-inl be ii, C.-'ary during the
l)n-..-rt :ci--on to adopt measures au-
thiloztng ttho county school boards of
tl` Vaoriorsu1i counties to isu.e r erial
.l.4atio:,.- to care for much existing
indel)i,-ini-ss The present law author-
ia*e '.onirir boards of public Instruction
..b...,, per cent of their adopted
budget f..r the purpose of maintaining
I l'-i i.:-i mrn- of zeiol. This provision,
lAhil -i iti ii- i -- necessary, has in
man:- nt-t ices been abused to that
xtw'hi tu. many of the counties now
in,,i h- wil Ives very seriously in-
volved. I I-elieve that under no cir-
iumr-tait' c should the limit thus im-
pse-,l h.- lIaw be exceeded, and. should
thu l,)-iruire tliri,-iULJ proper author-
ilati..,ii. r.i-.-ii'i .-,ome method by which
ine ,i.in ;:. in iy care for their present
,'*lJrITnt ri ',- l iii ,11.. then' it must be
ih' tin', fii-,- boards to keep their
.*- it.lir. 'within absolute limits im-
':'qrgeati, I nt io..
I nr ri. ,litrig you wHh much initia-
pleaafrl i, r.,,te in tii,-, ntmb. r-ohrp of
,j Ii branch-., of lhi.' ].--i.ltiiir... so
anyi i it \\hIo are f ri ilir \ii.ti the
nti--il--? ,i- state, and who have so
much ability to be of real service to
HI. -.,-.|.l'- T -hall, therefore, content
riin-plf iilti recommendations of only
%'.|lt I *i[.,,'.irs to be some of the more
lrr-,en! iiatt.--t .- requiring your atten-
iirr. N..ih.r shall I burden this mes-
-'a3ge. i,, i,ix \'our time, by submitting
detail matters or intricate columns of
:l irl,--', which are readily ascertain-
able through a pcrusual of departmen-
ta! reports.
The maintenance ot the state govern-
ment 1 rt' l'. ill|-I,,.ni| upon the levy
of nmml rli r'or :i,-,: pii rptu ru :t'ailr.i
nlli property of i.-_' t-iai, .iuc-li iulla.:.?.
1,1' C o'ir'e, being : uri i 'rmri i1 all the
coin Il,'->-. The c irnati fni- 1,i' rr,-,Derty in
various countic. nr.- ,h r-trainirncd by the
'>rfi<.,],l of each of the counties. So
l]ng as our present system obtains.
that 'r hiavihvt uniform millage for
,state ,riir.,-.-.r-... levied upon all classes
rif ironpe"it r 'ii'ii,.r, ihru.hout the
*-l.it- it ir-.', i.rily f,-,lTo., that there
mrust hbe uniform assessments as be-
tween the various counties, else much
inJustice will be done the county whose
assessment is upon a higher hibia than
is sister counties. Various plans look-
inc to a cure of this situation have

bG-.n .1.'.-1. by men more or less
f-it-milar \n.':, theories of taxation.
liowever. I believe that there is no
plan which is feasible, except that
which places authority in sotre arm
of the state ,-.-.rnmrnt, whoN shall
have power to dicreim ne andl to en-
force a uniform basis of assessment.
This- cannot be left entirely to the
cmuntiv -fficials themselves, because it
frrquenti\ lr.pp-nnl i that the local of-
I ,' ais :, i ,i'-o',1i to maintain inade-
ouate assessment in their own coun-
'f,-s .-ather than run the risk of sub-
.clinpr their people to the danger of
paying more than their share in the
r* ,rene-s of the state.
IT recommen.- the creation of a tax
commission, lr.nir"-csed of the governor,
the comptroll, i the state treasurer.
mnl the attorn- v anernl. It will 1-.3
noted that the n'in.b, rslii. of the pro-
posed commission, taken from the cab-
ietr, Is .ii,.,ticatl with the railway as-
sessment board, with the exception of
the governor. Provision should be
made for appointment by the governor,
of a capable assistant, versed in mat-
ters of taxation, to prepare data and
to devote his whole time in cooperat-
Ingi with the various county "'Tifi-i'--.
looking toward the assessment of prop-,-
erty up-n a uniform basis throughout
the stnte.
I am sure that some additionose
.,-urce.s from which the state can
. -nilmntply secure added revenue will
-i -g"st themselves to your* considera-
iion I especially want to call your at-
"nintionn to the advisability of a small
tax unmin 'h- infir,-ihb-, property of
the .tatP T nder th,. l wv as It now
stands, the assessment of InfanZlhles
i Ir'.rpr-ir-ticnhlr- because of thim pr,.-
vision wvhihi requires all property to
be assersed at its full cash value. T
recommend an amendment to the con-
stitution which, if -.-.pr.pt- ;l1 per-
mit the assessment -F. ir...,-n,.t prop-
erty rupon a reasonable ba'is. Tt is the
.Ulrpo'- of the pio.nf! administration,
in cronTi rnon wlth rh,-o tax assessors
of the -t-I-. to secure a more t.,-n.-r.n1

i ki IA N JL



require the property owner to give in,
inder binding oath, all of his property
o the tax assessor. I also invite your
attention to the nc.ce-iMl:, for a more
-fficient system in the collection of
revenue. But my immediate concern as
chief ,xecurIlve is tc secure the best
0os.5ile administration c-n of the laws we
already have Our gre-atest problem is
n g-tting all of the property assessed.
\Ial.t to see the property" now ,.-*afi-
Ing taxation placed on ilme tax iiill.
and much of it that i.; nov. on the
houl1 be greatly ralsed-i in value. If
ill the property which ought to bear
ts burden of tax6s was on our rolls at
reasonable value, we could reduce
he village for state and county pur-
posse- nearly fifty per cent. If you will
create the, commission -su..-. -led and
also pass a law compi-liin- *-.-.-:ry in-
diviaual to give In hin raxi under
binding oath, aL,:l ptnaiiyn-, thiir fail-
ure to do so, then we :it,1. in miy opin-
on, have a more effective enforce-
ment of the laws in this regard. It
nlaht he ,v.ell also for you to provide
or adequate punishment for the in-
aividlual who makes false return on
his property to the assessor.
Economy in Expenditures.'
I believe the people of the state, as
Srule, will not object to paying rea-
sonable taxes if they are convinced
that the funds which are thus contrib-
ited by them lll 1- i'optiiYr and
economically adnilrt. r-'-. Evir v dol-
ar collected from the people should
be made to perform a dollar's worth
of service. It cannot be made to do
so unless there is Iritelli..--int oversight
on the part of the lI.-c i.t.t regard-
ng appropriations which you are called
upon to make. I can conceive of no
manner in which the members of the
egillature can thoroughly familiarize
hent-l-s with the various appropria-
tions and the necessity for such ap-
propriations, except through a care-
fully prepared budget to be submitted
o them sufficient time in advance of
:heir voting, in order that they may
fully prepare themselves to vote in-
t tlll- I..il ton suggested appropriations.
Thirtrv-niiwi, states of the'Union have in
ti-. Ina-1 rfw years adopted what is
known as the budget system, the pur-
pose of which is to fully acquaint the
h.--'zijhir, and the people with the
detailed expenditures authorized by the
I recommend the passage of a law
'Ir-atin. a board to be known as the
-.udcli. commission, to be composed of
the governor, the comptroller, and the
state treasurer whose duty it will be,
within reasonable time before the con-
vention of each legislature, and in
conference with the various heads of
the different departments of the state,
to have prepared for submission to
the l,-i-lttiire, in the first days of its
session, an itemized budget of all sug-
gested departmental appropriations,
salaries to be paid, work to be done,
and all necessary data used in ascer-
taining the amounts required for the
maintenance of the different depart-
meats of the state. Copy of said bud-
get should be furnished the individual
members of the legislature, as well as
the state press, in order that they may
consider, and vote intelligently,
and that the people Ln.-iteaoly may
know for themselves how the money
which they are paying each year in
taxes is expended.
Back to the Constitution.
The constitution, in cr':altin. the dif-
ferent departments of hhe fte, t placed
at the head of each department a con-
stitutional officer, and clearly contem-
plated that the various activities o?
our government should be largely
placed undercabinet officers. Of course,
we have departed from the principles
of the constitution in this regard, and
have entered upon a policy of creating
outside commissions, when clearly, in
most cases, the duties performed by
such commissions should be performed
by the cabinet officers. Like many of
the other states of the Union, we are
fast beenin n a "commission ridden"
.: 11 tile- I ,.i-ht to call upon you to
ac'opt !he policy of "back to the eon-
rnitulo .u" In the creation of such
commissions as you may deem wise and
expedient, let your creations he carved
out of the cabinet. Elected by the peo-
ple, it is the sworn duty of a cabinet
officer to devote all of his time and
thought to the interest of the state.
There is nothing In the argument, so
often advanced, that the cabinet of-
ficers are too busy to give attention to
the various matters that are placed un-
der their charge. They are at the seat
of the state government all of the
time, ready and accessible for fre-
quent meetings anud conferences. In
their accessibility and their constant
meetings there is the greatest advan-
tage of being able to give attention to
departmental matters incident to the
various sate activities, readily, speed-
ily and without delay. The cabinet
members are advised as to the various
needs of the state, and therefore can
conduct different phases of the state
government in harmony each with the
other, whereas when outside commis-
sions are created, those commissions
only too often arrogate to themselves
the power of caring for the particular
maters under their charge, imdepntirl-nt
of the other departments of th. sitaic.
and without knowledge as !'o w'iat niray
toe the requirements of the state in
departments other than their own, fre-
riuently paying salaries out of all pro-
portion to salaries paid for like services
in those departments not under theou
control. The creation of outside com-
missions not only makes for inefficien-
cy, but it makes for extravagance in
expenditures. As a rule, the commis-
sions do not feel any obligation fom
the various departments of the state
other than their own, and too oftet
we find them possessed with the idea
of getting all they can out of the state
treasury for their own departments, ir-
respective of the needs and require-
ments of the various departments of
the state not under them.
I believe that laws, rules and regula-
lions can be more adequately enforce
when under the jurisdiction of cabinet
officers. There is more respect for such
laws and regulations when so admin-
istered"; not that cabinet officers arc
-Itr'er;,)r men. but because the people
e-' hback of them a constitutional of-
rice not subject to change or perhaps
abolition by the.caprice of public opin-
Abolish Needless Offices,
There' has been a tendency in thc
past to create too many offices and
r.- iti.-,ns. It has resulted in duplication-
of wor k, lessened efficiency, and the
needless expenditure of money. We
have more trm'ue'in,. inopetnors than

necessary, and some 0(r-a.rtmn-ints of
the state can well be combincil with
others. There is much work for you to
do at this s-.f 'n-im, along this line, if
you would give to the people that
economical administration of affairs to
which they are entitled. I suggest the
appointment of a committee with mem-
bership from each the senate and the
house -if rEpreso.ntati\es, who shall
very t~-,irouchJlv .-x mine into the mat-
ters -L~'-;t,,-il ..I., the examinations
be ,e timu-ix Y i-.. nl ,I ,'-,. superficial or
perfunctory. This should be done and
report made during the early days of
the session.
I will be pleased to assist the com-
mittee with all information obtainable
and with such ,.,- ri..i,-: as may
seem proper. We n,-rl I..--- legislation
and more .-or,- ,i -l:..n There should
not be a =in,-l- ..f'.-i created or con-
tinued for i.,-.li-.-il i, m i ...- -.. in the
state of I-'I'ri ,1 l'..-liTti- anid business
do not mix to the benefit of the state.
Every unnecessary position, or every
one even though necessary, where the
duties can be t r, 'r.- -..1 by some
other, should be ahol, si.-i'l.
Fish and G~ nte tle'i:r[l- ",'ni.
I'r--. ,ame and fresh \'vii. r rh con-
.,tii1o- one of the state's most val-
uable assets. They should be r-i-- -v.','
for the use of the people in ih,- 'rt,,i
and for those in other parts of the
country who are attracted to Florida
by them, who are willing to pay a
proper license for the sport. There must
be i,r Ili--iii conservation, which can
be had only through reasonable reg-
ulations governing the use and enjoy-
ment of this, one of the most import-
ant natural resources of the state. T
am clearly of the opinion that we can-
net .1-p. -.1 upon the present law oi
its ni-t',,,l of enforcement to properly
protect our fish and game. I recom-
mend the nassa, of a measure which
m iVl r,'r..-'i.lr ro- rnn -thle revenue and
.l,,,- ,II in .11..- ih. -i-Idm inistration o
the law under a game commissioner



The institution at Raiford has grown veloing one of the state's great nat- common schools, many of them situated orable members of a great profession
to such proportions that it requires ural resources. far out in the country, are playing 4 who, through the outlay of much time
Sa large percentage of convicts there to The several legislatures have enacted very large part in building up the and expense, hve prepared the m- i
maintain the farm, resulting in a bur- laws by virtue of which the Ever- social life of the community. Th e ele- selves for practice, and w ho shouldem-
den upon the state financially, which glades drainage district was created, nation of farm life to the high standard e protected ainst the unscrupul ous
1 believe should no* continue. Each and through which the drainage work t deserves will come only through and unprepared an t the ro
year there is a large deficit in the ex- has been made possible. The work thus roper education and I bespeak for tion of thd prepared man, but the protec-
penditures over the income derived far accomplished is represented in our common schools your very s serious pared and pnub pagaihst the unpre-
from the receipts of the farm. The principal part by the opening of three conTideration. I would like to see our of primary importance. Iract is for the
operations for each year of its exist- hundred and sixty-one miles of main schools, as far as possible di forced protection importance. It is for th
ence how largedecits-that of 192, drainage canals, the construction of from politics School officials shouldwhichcus of the people primarily
Approximately one hundred thousand twelve locks and dams, the survey of bechosen notbecause of "P^-olitical tion to the necessity fo nvite your a more effec-
dollars. The state cannot operate an one million acres of hitherto unsur- ull," but because of heir ability t on to the isnecessusity for a more efe-
institution of this character with the veyed lands into townships, ranges leal efficiently with educational prob- licenses to practice.
same economy as an individual. In and sections, and other undertakings le. w e on ro licenses to practice. ment
fact, the primary purpose of the farm of an incidental though important na- The fathers who framed our consti- an not undertaking to suggest
was not to launch the state out into ture. involving an 'private enterprise in competition with of approxihiut 1k si million dollars. ante of education to create a depart ny and varied laws for your con-
its citizens. Our work there should The L:v.rglades drainage district corn- meant of education, and placed a methods deaingts suppression. Out of
be only incidental, al a means of tak- prises a land area of four and one- head a cabinet officer, the stat su- the collective experience of this legis-
ing care of the prisoners who are not half million acres, or larger than the perintendent of schools. I am leaving nature I am sure there will be sub-
physlcally able to perform manual la- state of Rhode Island and Connecticut to him the specific recommendations, mitted many measures which should
bore upon the public roads. The opera- combined. Where a rew years ago there and I trust you will carefully consider engage your attention and which will
tions are upon too liiiz-re a scale, and was an unbroken watery waste there such recommendations as he may make make for the enforcement of law. My
the more convicts retained upon it the are now, in those sections of the Ever- to you, looking to adoption of forward observation has been of law. My
more will be the expense of the people g-lades where drainage work is most looking policies along educational observation has been that we needstatutes
t of the state in maintaining it. This i d. anced, thriving communities andlines more effective en cement o statutes
in, titution can possibly be made self- productive farms. The holdings of the lines already in existence. It has been said
i, tiinoi. liit to do so I feel you state in the Ev' i cla l. aire represented Apportionment of the Legislative that "We do not need any more laws,
.i,. fi.t c.i.ti._r very seriously the fol- fby a million and ;t quarter acres of Membership. but we do need better enforcement."
.i. re'-rnimendations: land. The constitution limits the member- It is true that the administration of
I-. ,.t--Rcduci- the number of first The money for carrying on the drain- ship of the senate to thirty-two, and the law in this respect is, or should
class convicts to be kept at the farm. age work is supplied by drainage taxes that of the house to sixty-eight mem- be, the main consideration, Unfor-
which is now by law at seventy-five, levied by the legisl:itureo iupon all the bers. It requires a reapportionment of tunately, we have had in the last year
r keeping at no time more than ten or lands included ri th-, JL...h.ljil, drain, this membership at ten-year intervals. or two an apparent increase of crime,
twelve of such convicts at the farm. ai-. district, bti uL-,:ii no ,nthe-r lands. The framers of our constitution, look- much of it of very serious character.
Second-Very carefully regrade tih I i,. drainage project, therefore, sup- ing down the years, saw* the prob- Perhaps the most flagrant and gen-
number two convicts and place upon ports itself on its own merits alone,. ability of more rapid growth of re- eral violation of our criminal statutes
- the public roads a large percentage of In fact, it has contributed large aian- sources, and increase of population, in is found in the disregard of those
this class. nual amounts to the state's treasury different sections of the state, and prohibition measures against the man-
Third-Put into effect a rigid system through taxes, but has received no they wisely provided that those seec- ufacture and sale of intoxicating
of economy on - -"-rid;ltir.-. funds from the state. The amount tons showing increase of population liquors. I believe that if offenses of
I hope the 1. 1 t-ii' will reduce of drainage district taxes is determined should be equitably represented in the this character were placed in the juris-
the number of number one convicts as and levied by the legislature from time legislature. 1 diction of the circuit court it would
-icc.'-t.d .ind will also give the gov- to time as needs require. Based upon We have in one senatorial district as make for better enforcement of law.
-in.-or ri ci. tionary power in using those draina-o taxes, Everglades drain- many as six counties, with large ag- The inquisitorial powers of the grand
---ic..n. I ,i-- convicts under proper rules age or-:trici bonds, authorized by the gregate resources and a population of jury could then be utilized. Apart from
and rit-.-i .n- for work upon the i. _i.-iture, have been issued by th, nearly one hundred thousand, which is this, there is somehow, in the breast
public '*rd- ,.-ai ul ,** commissioners of Everglades rapidly increasing. This particular ter- of the criminal, a more wholesome re-
By drawing- in, rather Ib in .n 'a.iing drainage district to provide immediate ritory comprising six counties has but aspect for the higher court. Of course
out; by sticking to the i.i ,- -,..i-] ri- ,tn funds for the work. To meet future one senator, and each of the counties this would only be applied in those
the creation of the fanti r.th,'-r hi ,1 construction expenses additional funds one representative in the lower house. counties which have not established
place the state in the attitude of en- will be needed, making necessary a There are other instances which might criminal courts of record.
tering private industry; and by prac- Iturther assessment of taxes, accom- be called to the attention of the leg- Conclusion.
Sticin strict economy in its ruu': ti-..n. panied by authority to the drainage islature, almost as striking, whereas Some of the legislatures of the past
I believe the farm can be i-idi- -- I'- board for the issuing, of such addition- there, are many other counties in the have apparently acted on the theory
sustaining. al bonds as may be advisable. This state, with relatively small-population that they could best make a creditable
Public Roads. will require legislative action, and resources, which now have one record by the enactment of a multiplic-
The creation of the state road de- There will also be needed measures senator and two representatives. Apart ity of laws. I am sure the people have
t apartment by the legislature of 1915 was whose purpose will be the general from the plain mandate of the consti- the conviction, in which I share, that
necessary if tit .-tate would utilize its advancement of the Everglades, the tution requiring reapportionment every enactment of fewer laws, but with
- share of the iii-'n< which the national further protection of the works con- ten years, it is just and fair that th" more consideration of the value of
-government has appropriated for road structed, and for regulating and con- membership of the legislature should such measures in dealing with specific
- construction. Its creation was essen- trolling matters of importance r.-lr'in.- be more justly and equitably distribu- problems, would be of much greater
T tial then; its continuance is necessary to the drainage project. There v',i'l he ted. I recommend that the legislature value. I wish to urge, therefore, that
- now. It ha.s not performed in the past presented to the legislative body by pass a reapportionment measure, giv- such measures as you may consider
r as effectively and ff-i ntl', as the peo- the board of comms-sioners of Ever- ing to the various counties of the state and pass shall be of that character
pie hive desired, and whether it will .i 1- d drainage district, which said a just apportionment of its member- only needed for the advancement of
o so in the future will .1. I i.1 largely .**'.' is composed of the -)'- n--nor of ship in the law-making body. the higher interest of the state. I shall
S-.1, tihe personnel of i', f -r-i r-wtment Florida, and four of his ( -il.. -1-% Agriculture rnd Iive Stoek. not, c''rir7 my administration as gov-
d -r.l of the policies which they adopt, bers, certain measures for your con.sl- We have about thirty-five million ernor, rni-ilr, will you i- 1-- .i 1 ,..r
f A.s is -well known, the federal govern- era.tiGn, looking to the advancement rf ..-,,.,.. of land with only a very small be able to achieve the it-.s i.l- ic-.r
ment will pay fifty per cent of the cost tflis- reat reclaination ent.prise on j..',,-. ,-*,(e of it under cultivation. all of the possible; but so-- l-..ulI
.. .. will pay .4 fifty pe... ...r cent- o....f+ the. c.. ....n, ,ill. .





in this respect is ideal, and nutritious
SR gra.-t.in -;i for pasturage grow alundantly.
ThB, r, al need of the far'nier is to t,e 9
found in marketing f.cilitis ctWe carl
S I grow the crops, but not always (itrl--,
of them to the best advantage. Tn:.r.:
To fo d g rst uion the Xis but one successful method of pro-
moting agriculture. It is to make farm-
Son i!ng pay. Some system of cooperative
have been successfully tried in other
THL R BE I LAot UtnchRn sections. The proper support of the
R 1)ubureau of marketingI is a practical way
THEnr Fd OA RDE~Ea,113U dby which the legislature may aid in
this work.
_uuul _u__ di_________'_____________ _t_____ __n .- _u __ __hn_ of products than any other state, t
Th efication for drainage rests upon r hn as- which makes our marketing problems
siGOVERNOR CARYA A I 4 RI EE ,-uinipion that the soil, when drained, greater than any other section. We
i ayIll b. -. 'me valuable agricultural land. produce more than thirty million crates
SThe v i re problem of reclamation will of perishable products per annum, to i'
c D ELIEoD E oL mem Y no t be completely solved until agricul- say nothing of our live stock, poultry re
Stine sball have been placed on a sound d staple crops. We should stabilize e
DELI VEREDtoreEn I e e LL and profitable basis. The solution ofthe the marketing of these products, and ro
problem m so far as the removal of distribution should be as direct as pos- g
water from the land is concerned is sible. I recommend full and adequate s
----ithou. further question. The estab- support of the marketing bureau, and h
(By JOHN TRICE.) w-...... ...-.-..ishm-tu and conduct of nr. agrin:ul- feel that by so doing we will receive M
Tallahassee, April 5.-(Special.)-Gov- i tural i-ierimirnt i.tarl-i in tht. L-*-" very practical results.
ernor Cary A. Hardee today adopted GOV. CARY A. HARDEE la,1; ,-r "tIne purp.:,s of studying an'- The work undertaken by the state
the unusual custom of delivering his detrrinimn agricultural needs becomes live stock sanitary board in coopers-
iessage to the legislature, embracing, ------* of .t,il im-i-tance to the development tion With -the national government,
of course, main recommendations that and l i- '--ren-t of it constructive looking to the eradication of the cattle
he will make to that body at this ses- enterprise. There will be presented to tick, should continue. The state is now
sion, inkperson. t ..- I ody a proposed mizaiure recom- practically shut off from all outside
sion, in pmediately after the organization of by the drainage board for te markets for ts cattle, by quarantine,
Immediately after the ror ganization of establishment of an agricultural exper- and the eradication oR the cattle tick
the two houses, the governor having In- a irnt station in the EvergladesB is now an absolute neceosfity if we
dictated to some of the members his t Our board recently made an inspec- would have access to outtldd m-arkets.
desires in the i,t. i.-, he was invited tion trip through the E.i1 i Lah-. and Do we want our farmers an.l cattle
to appear before a joint session and lay we wcre deeply impress-' I 'vli i poa- men left entirely at the mercy of
before the members anr matters he sIblitI,-. its progress, and the amount buyers wholly in the state of Florida?
desired to present. In response he ap- f k accomplished. s governor, Ours is essentially a producing state,
peered and delivered orally his message. do not feel that I can impress upon and markets for our live stock must
He was in fine condition for speak- u'ou,' honorable body too ll. .ny the be opened up to our people, else the
ing, and the members as well as all inp-rrl-icc of doing dil v itilit your industry will shrivel to one of small
visitors gave him closest attention poe-' t-:- foster and ctnc)urage, this proportions. As fast as physical means
from the beginning to the conclusion rh a *--ni.-rpriis-. For the proposed bill for dipping cattle can be provided,
of his address. t Wo utalallsl, al- agricultural tixpernu'ent then in such locality we must have
It is considered by people, in dis- .-latl-. hnil for other proposed weas- laws insuring the dipping of all cattle.
Sin tie mtro t. ateplranrd, ovthat uo-ur- o, btl-1,htf of the Everglades whicn By this means eventually our state will
cuis ing the matter afterwards, thation will have a d presented by the drainage be rid of the cattle tick, a pest which
fect fnov leglation rewlatve to state -boa, d, I b.-'speak your very earnest has cost the people of Florida untold
gove rnment. The s1Ietional Guard of Florida. our cattle. Whether you favor the
Very few people ever give much Thel a rntt-o National oGuard of Florida dipping of cattle or not is now hardly
attention to a printed ne-au-- it is o entered tili federal service at the be- pertinent to the issue. The action of
pointed out, while the hundreds of Jr a niing it' the worlit cvr. During t.14 other states in their quarantine of
hearers today outside t o the membership ast t'e' earss thlre-"ias tbeei prac- Florida renders the dipping of cattle
of the legislative body, have a fairly Iically ive r uard in .xls l,',I Ab.:ute absolutely essential, and there is no
good idea as to the wishes of the ar a go teps We-'e token 1.- r' i)tIlier altr-rnative for us.
chief executive. organit.e thie NntlonaIl Guard of Fir, 1r- ('n.e o.,tont of Naturnd Resourcei..
Ida. Thi-' reorganization nts gone ah-Lad i l'hdr a -eparpte head I have dis-
no th: overoh h . rh uo lndlly, and at this timn the enuthe ,cussed the importance of conserving
The fsh and game are natural re- reeipmeni allowed to Florida, his l prac- the game and flsh of the state, and
sources belonging to all the people of tuclmly be'in organized and equipped have suggested the policies which I
uthe state, and iertanly substantial h and is in line condition, believe will be of profit in preserving
revenue sathould acrue to the s tateh More tnour-.ps will be allowed to Fior- to the people for all time these great
nirough thu tuse aid enjoyment of this lad each :rmer and the org:laidation will resources. There is another natural
resource enjoyment of this proceei until the entire allotment will resource, the conservation of which
o LocalcBill be organized by the i-ni cf 1924. The must receive our attention. I refer to
Before the legislature has any right total allotment of Florida will amount he timber supply of Florida. As a
tbelor ile thltl oat isnnaturen isth e to 40do men and will constitute a state, we have been specially rich in
to pass angry bill, local in nature, it is chple f.iid forced foo th) protection of tlre timber, and we have seen it rapidly
hequired nby the constitution that notice state and tihe United States. depleted, and no policy whatever has
of the introduction of the maue taf-The necessity for maintaining a been attemptedIn the p ast regarding
fected by sicl i.1-ill, tfor sixty days be- received whatever from the national -t r .n well-eeulpped National Guard its proper use or intelligent conser-
fore its introduction. This plain pro- government except for work upon fed- in the state of lfocd as well as in action. We are face to face with a very
vision of the constitutoin is quite often eral aid projects, and then only as the tll other states of the Union, must increasing demand for timber products,
ignored. If the journals of the legis- work progresses. The state of Floliy be apparent to all thinking people. It being an agricultural, tiruokijig and
lature fail to show the publication if has not utilized the appropriations of woudl seem desirable that a regular citrus fruit producing section; on the
such notice, our courts, in the ab- the national government to any con- army be maintained of sufficient size other hand, we are confronted with an
sence of an affirmative showing, in- siderable extent. There is to the credit to guard our borders, garrison our in- ever decreasing supply. It must su-
dulge the presumption that such notice of Florida nearly three million dollars sular possessions and forni the nucleus gest to us the inauguration of a pol--
was given as required. The effect of now held by the national g,-rwt for the organization of a large army in cy of conservation as well as the aen-
this construction of the law has been for road construction in our -a.., o,,o case of war, but it appears now that couragement of regrowth of forests o
that cagh session of the legislature is of which, however, is available except the roticy of the congress of the United through dr.-ilatr- reforestation. The o
flooded with local 'bills, and practically for work on ro:-ad-s designated as fed- States is to cut the regular army es- national government, through its for- 10
no consideration can be given to them eral aid projects, and only then when tablishment down to a minimum. This estry bureau, is calling upon us for v
by the legislature. As is well known, the state contributes a like amount as being true, the organization of a strong active cooperation in this regard., I
they arepassed as a matterofcourse, the national government. It is readily National uar is more et than suggest the passage of a law gn
sponsored and understood only by the apparent that if we are to utilize the ever before. 'IL Is certain that thc. Na- the assent of the state to the ac-
member of thelaue leboaGuc e l of th on the funds from the national g- l uardwill have to be relied quisition and maintenance by the na-
ty affected by then. This practice hasoarnment, then we must take steps to upon in any sudni national emergency,tional government of national forests
grown to such an -extent that it has raise considerable money for the state as well as emergencies arising within guaranteeing to them proper control h
become a real menace. Not only does road department. And the state road the state. andI Iiatr i--i of lands so ac- e

becor of th re blece roa that tney thes Thoe only fuend at ohe tohn- troubeate gte rlorisd wt her oo a sf fordt puroecton
it require a great deal of the time of department will be obliged to expend e fine record of the Florida tr uired. Second, I favr te passage of
the legislature, but ofttines legislation the funds so raised upon the federal is well known. They have served e1- aulaw whch I lii th size oft
not local in nature is hurried through aid projects, and which will connect ticiently in all wars, in the face of ad- ber to be boxed by tlme producers of
the session without that due consid- the different sections of the state, as verse circumstances Also they have el- naval stores. I f a,-oi also the passage
eratlon which the questions involved distinguished from the localities of the ways responded to any call to assist of a law which %. ill control, as far as
justly deserve. Apart from the above state. However the board should, and the civil authorities in preserving the possible, the spread of forest fires. I
suggestions, the people in each com- I am advised that they will do so, use peace of the state. This force can al- also invite careful study on behalf of
munity are entitled to be advised in eve-ry effort to have designated as ways be relied upon in any emergency your forestry committee, of the ques-
advance of the nature of the local bill federal aid projects roads which tra- where the civil authorities are in need tion, which is a vexed one, looking to
which will be introduced in teegs -ere those counties which have con- of help and this fact has often been the creation of a department which
lature. There is no way for a practical tribute funds to the state road de- an important factor in preventing shall be charged with the working out
1ridline of thi ql etioi except pertinent. The only funds at the corn- trouble that might have arisen other- of a system for forest protection, as
tli-tit-,ih an aili.evdrni to the consti- mesnd of the delarltment is the two- wise. All assistance possible should be well as reforesting of cut-over lands.
tuition. If the governor should veto mill tax, which will provide little more given the National Guard of Florida by Public Health.
the local bill, because It might appear than seven hundred thousand dollars; t h legislature. I am sure there is no one subject
fmom outside sources that the notice the t eax on gasoline which rovicds sa Ripariatin Rights. of more direct public concern than the
had not been given, it would be easy last year about fifty thousand-l h1a l- sp n ouretreans, coast lines and health, physical and mental, of our
for the membership, nearly all of also fifteen per cent of the u:,. omir.u.r, other navigable waters, Florida has an people. Our progress in the future will
ilwhom have local ;bills in which they license tax, same buete- used for the attractive and valuable asset in her depend very largely upon the virility of
are interested, to pass the measure neina l atepran s of the department water fromt, or wha t we generallypa ts lathe citizens ih ip of the state. That see-
the courts indulge in the presumption bile license tax being apportioned by, portion of which has passed into the sive where the individual citizen is of
that the required notice was published, the state to the counties. hands of private owners. The legisla- strong body and sound mind. In this
is rot the governor within his rights Another source of revenue which can ture has from Time to time enactedl respect the state board of health must
in doing the samrne thing? r be used by the state as a credit for laws which affect certain of these play a v-.- isnliurtant part. Its work
Recommend an amendment to the its fifty per cent on all federal aid riparian properties and of late years must be .,ju,.atciai, -.hg the peo-
i.er-titti-.ru ,ut ici the publication projects is the actual work perfa,,-nicd some misunderstandings have developed pl e not only the importance of good
,. of all .-,.i measures, : r. f, by the c-nIelt But of cours. ii -e- in regard to the effect of these acts on health, but likewise instructing them
their introduction, of at least far quires al Iminitn:e sum of uney h ownership. how is best to be s ued andpmain-
days. It would seem that thirty days, equip, feed and clothe the convicts As a cn oral iprs-Iacptien. the beds of taed. We have a- board of health,
instead of sixty days, as is now re- iIle' at work. all navigable waters, including the composed of three members, who em- C
quired, would be sufficient. But the The department is seriously handi- space between ordinary high and low ploy a state health officer, who is a
publication of such notice, with cere- capped on accountof funds. You-are water mark are what are known as charged with the administration of
tilled copy thereof, should be spread respectfully requested to consider very sovereignty lands and are held by' the those policies, means a nd measures
upon the journals of each branch of seriously ways and means for provid- state for the benefit of all its citizens, which may be prescribed by the board, I
the legislature. In other words, the ing more funds for its use. I recom- This principle has come down to us I feel that its work in the past has p;
legislative journals themselves should mend an increase of the tax on gaso- from the early common law and the been highly conducive to the best in-
be required to show affirmatively that line, also tax on oils. I recommend the civil law, and, as I understand, is the terest of the people, and that the de-e
the required notice was given..If at- continuance of the two-mill levy. I prevailing rule in this country. partment should be adequately main-,
firmative evidence of the publication of recommend, also, a more economical The trust with which these lands and tained and the state health officer paid
notice is required to be spread on the and efficient handling of the affairs of water bottoms are held being govern- a adequate salary. There should be an
dangerous p-actice now prevailing, gmeat saving o.f money, but increased for the common 'use and inheritance of the legislature defining most specially
State Prison Farm. th oad building as well. The members of all, should not be dist-ibuted or in any the authority of the state health of- -
I believe that a state prison farm is the depamtient as now constituted are way impaired. I would, however, ricer, and such an act should provide
time.-i, wea soand we have at Raiford in alive to the necessity for more ef- recommend the passage of an act, or for his appointment by the governor.

Sciently serve the purpose of its crea- for the elimination of much needless owners on notice as to what consti- ed by the governor. We should provide
toio. Wn e have e7,95u acres of land and expense and for the accomplishment tutes the legal rights of each and 1ll for the examination of the children o?
nearly 4,000 acres of which am-e now of much work. What we largely need In the premises. the public schools, providing sufficient
under cultivation, the remaining is a proper administration of the laws Edueation, funds tom suc eaminationaor focn th-g o
,.,th, past. The mintenance of such. a .te ,rogrms .. tsdedren of the state is our most import- thereof. Ar bureau of vital statistic

a nthe institto. tRio- a rw vaoige ,\,, e of, the, state's1tl.. thus nat- ,"o .' e + un,.av^ ^,, I^ i .......o...eproectin.amt..n.gna...non

state's business properly and well.
Senator MacWilliams assumed the
office of senate presiding officer
without tie or obligations to anyone,
Lnd was free to name the very best
committees possible. He found excel-
ent material in this year's senate to
work with, and the result ought to
be good legislation so far as the
senate is concerned.
The Committeees.
Audit and Control or Legislative
Etxpenditures-Oscar M. Eaton, chair-
man; W. M. Igou, T. T. Turnbull, W.
r. Epperson, Lincoln Hulley.
Rules and Jr-oc-duire-J. B. John-
son, T . Turnbull, James L. Calk-
ns, B. H. Lind.a-dy, R. H. Rowe.
Capitol, State Buildings and
Grounds--S. W. Anderson, T. J.
Knatib, W. L. Weaver, D. G. Roland,
1. 0. Overstreet.
Misellaneous Legislation-J. B.
Johnson, chairman; .-L. H. Wells, 0.
Roland, W. H. alun,, B. H. Lindsay.
D. E. Knight, T. J. Knabb. Oscar M.
Eaton, W. J. E-pperson.
Pensions-D. G. Roland, F. M.
Cooper, B. H. Lindsay, M. L. Plymp-
ton, W. H. Mapoles.
iBankinfi-W. J. Epperson. chair-
man; M. 0. Ovenrstreet, Lincoln Hul'
ley, \V. M. Igou, W. L. Weaver.
Public Matters- R. H. Rowe, chair-
man; James E. Calkins, W. M. Igou,
John .P, Stokes, J. Turner Butler.
Coilitary Affairs--W. H. Mapoles,
chairman; W. P. Shelley, D. E.
Knight, Tom CampbeHll, T. J. Knabb.
Uniform Legislation-W. J. Single-
tary, chairman; John S. Taylor, H.
LH. Wells. W. L. Weaver, John P.
Public Printing-W. H. Mapoles. W.
A. Russell, W. J. Crosby, D. M. Low-
rey, E. P. Wilson.
Corporations-M. L. Plymeptonb
chairman; W. J. Singletary, John
Br..haw, WVW. P. Shelley, T. J. Knacob.
Gsr-ite Institutions-W. A. Russell
chairman; D. M. Lowrey, W. H. Ma,
lone, John S. Taylor, S. W. Ander
lining and Mill Resources-W.
Shelley, chairman; D. G. Roland, Os
car M. Eaton, M. 0. Overstreet, W
J. Epperson.
County Org:,nlzations- 1-.'. M
Cooper, chairman; W. M. Igou, JJ. ,
Johnson, D. M. Lowrey, W. H. AMa
Privileges and Elr-ctions-BI.
tlhiday. chairman; JI'hni P. Stoke.
W. A. Russell, H. II. \Vells, Tori
Constitutional Am ndln nt--John P
Stokes, chairman; E. P. Wil,.un. Lin-
coin Hulley, D. E. Knight, R. It
Insurance-M. 0. Overstreet, Johr
S. 'Taylor, P. Wilson, T. J. Knabb
W. P. Shelley.
Game and FiLh.ri-.A-J. Turned
Butler, chairman; B. Lindsayv,
M. CoCpeI. J, E. Calkin., Tom Camrl
bell, VW. J. Epperson, H. I-t. Wells.
Equal Suffrage-Lincoln HulleJ
chairman; M . Overstre-t, _D. .
lowrey, J. E. .CalknsI, I-t. M
rCities and Towns-T. J. Knab

shaw. .
Prisons and Convicts--.
Knight, chairman: W. H. Mapol
W. J. Crosby, S. W. Anderson, T.
Education-Lincoln Hulley, cha
man; W. A. Russell, p. G. Rola ,
S. W. Anderson, W. J. Crosby, Jo
S. Taylor, W. L. Weaver.
Agriculture and Forestry--Jo
Bradshaw, chairman; W. W J. 3Sing
tary, W. J. Crosby, D. E. E. Knight,
J. Epperson.
Temperance-John S. Taylor', Jo
P. Stokes, D. G. Roland, M.
Plmypton. MW..J. Crosby.
Public Roads and Highways---
M. Igou, S. W. Anderson, M. 0. Ov
street, T. T. Turnbull, Oscar
Eaton, J. B. Johnson, D. M. Lowr
W. P. Shelley, R. R. Rowe.
Drainage--Tom Campbell, cha
man; 1W. J. Singletary, J. B. Joh
son, F. M. Cooper, J. Turner Butl
Commerce and Navigation-Jam
E. Calkins. E. P. Wilson, H.
Wells, W. L. Weaver, W. It. M
Organi ze-.i Labor-W. A. Russo
John P. Stokes, T. T. Turn'bull,
H. Rowe, 0. M. Eaton.
Finance and Taxation-James
calJin a. Chairman: J. Tuner Butleos
S. AN. Anderson, M. L. lympt6n, ;D
G. nr, l1,,,, W. M. Igou, W. J. Crosby
'Claims- ri. L. Weaver, H. H. Wells,
E. P. Wilson, John Bradshaw, W. P.
Public Health-H. H. Wells, chalr
man; W. H. Malone, F. M. Coope
J. Turner Butler, Tom Campbell.
Engrossed Bills-e. p. Wilson, W.
P. Shelley, T. J. Kna'bb, D. E. Knight,
tB. H. Lindsay.
Enrolled Bills-Oscar M. Etaton.
chairman; -w'. J. Singletary, W. H.
Malone, W. H. Ms'poles, W. J. Ep-
Judiciary t A-T. T. Turnbull. chair-
man; J. B. Johnson, R. H. Rowe, J.
Turner Butler, W. M. Igou, Lincoln
Hulley, W. A. Russell, D. M. Lowrey,
W. L. Weaver.
Judiciary B-W. H. Malone, chair-
man; John P. Stokes, James E. Calik-
ins. John S. Taylor, D. E. Knight,
B. P. Wilson, B. H. Lindsay, Tom
Campbell, W. J. *Singletary,
Executive Communicatlons-W P.
Shelley, .W. A. Russell, John Brad-
shaw, F. M. Cooper, W. J. Cronby.
Appropriations-D. M. Lowrey,
chairman: J. Turner Butler 'W M.
Igou, John B. Johnson, T. t. Turn-
bull, R. H. ROwe, James E. 'Calktns,
John S. Taylor.

the latter would be hampered this
time by senatoria- courtesy.
Quick as a flash Bill announced
that he always tried to be fair in
his actions, but that when senatorial
courtesy becomes an obsti'uction to
him in the senate he proposed to
ride it to its complete undoing as
he had many other obstructions that
got in hfs way.
Substantiating Bill's claim that he
always tried to be fair, Forest Lake
related the story of how Bill proved
tills at the time his bill passed
the house creating Okaloosa county.
After the bill had passed the house
and .been ordered certified to the

Tallahassee, April 5.--Special.)
The selection of the Hon. L. I>. Edge, <
f Lake county, as speaker pro tern
f the house of representatives is
ookej upon here by members and
visiting people interested In legisla- -
ive matters as a happy one.
He has had years of experience in
he house and is one of the hardest
working members of that body where
hard work is the rule Instead of thm e
He is not only popular at honwe,
where he is elected when he goes
before the people, but is exception-
lly popular among the people peoplewho
:now him all over thie state.




Adjournment Was Taken Early Un-
til 11 O'Clock This Morning.

Tallahassee, April 5.-(Special.)-The
senate was quick to get organized to-
dy, _i.i. through its wirk iiin that
nappy style that generally character-
zes the upper house of the Florida
legislature. Senator MacWilliams gives
promise of being the kind of presiding
officer who will eliminate all useless
Invis as far as possible and do his
utmost to expedite business.
Chief Justice Brown swore in the in the new
senators as they presented themselves
-en bloc" in groups of five and it was
an impressive sight as the gray haired
jurist administered the simple oath.
Senator Turnbull reported the action
of the senate caucus last night and Its
actions were ratified quickly.
Senators Johnson, Igou and Stokes
were named a committee to escort
Senator MacWilliams to the chair,
where he made a brief address, promis-
ing to do his best to conduct the chair
faithfully and well.
Senators Taylor, Johnson and Single-
try wer.- ap.ointfer a committee to
notify C,varhnr THardee that the senate
was organized and ready for business
and came back with the intimation that
the governor would address a joint
gathering. Messrs. Stokes, Turnbull
and Shelley informed the house of the
senate's organization.
Invitations from the Elks, the Coun-
try club, the Golf club, the Odd Fel-
lows and the Masons to attend their
various functions were read.
There is to be a dinner at the Elks
club Thursday night for the city's
guests. While the senate waited for the
house to organize, -Senator MacWilliams
had his committee appointments read.
They are given in full elsewhere.
The senate adjourned to meet Wed-
nesday morning at 11 o'clock. It is
likely the meeting will be brief. Already
many of the senators have bills in their
pockets and it will not be long until
they are Introduced and there is some-
thing to work on.



th .... or. hch r c

Back in Harnesis This Session as Sen-
ator From the First District-Per-
sonally Known to More People in
State Than Any Other Law-

Tallahassee, Apr. .-PBill Mapolea.
the daddy of Okaloosa county, and
who will represent the first sena-
torial district at this and the next
session of the legislature, is one of
the most unique men in the Flor-
ida legislature, where, by the way,
he is no stranger. He has been a
member of the house of representa-
tives, and is personally known per-
haps to more people throughout the
state than any other of the law-
But Bill enters upon a new role
this time. He goes to the senate,
that body governed largely by a
mystic rule of "senatorial courtesy"
which is rather awe-inspiring to the
The lobby of the Leon hotel has
for the past few days been the ren-
dezvous of all aspiring members of
the house, in which a spirited cam-
paign for the speakership has been
going on. This contest, while spirit-
ed in a marked degree, has been so
amiably conducted that the adher-
ents of the respective factions oc-
casionally congregate in the lobby
of the hotel in a reminiscient mood
and spend hours recounting battles
won and lost in the years that have
passed into history.


Tallahassee, April 5.-(Special.)
rhe attaches of the house elected
oday were as follows:
Assistant chief clerk, M. F. Brown;
ill clerk, Mrs. W. R. Doman; read-
ng clerk, W. B. Lanier; assistant
leading clerk, Miss Hazel Hough;
ngrossing clerk, R. W. Erwin; en-
oiling clerk, J. B. !Sharman; ser-
eant-at-arms, C. E. Johnson; mes-
en_.-r. J. N. Rogers; doorkeeper,
- nry. R. Wheeler; chaplain, Henry
tickler; janitor, J. R. Davis.

Speaker Pro-tem of House

senate some one accused Mapoles of
taking an unfair advantage of them.
At once he told the member so com-
plaining that he would not let such
a charge rest against him, that he
would on the following morning
move to reconsider the vote
by which the bill had passed the
house. It was well known that the
measure had passed by none too
large a majority, that it was the one
bill Mr. Mapoles had his heart set
on passing, and few people believed
he would have the courage to
jeopardize the realization of his
hopes by such action. But he made
good his promise. The following
morning he got the vote on the bill
reconsidered, it was again put upon
its pass.a- which ..i.I-n..I up once
more the whole range of debate to
those who wanted to take advantage
of it. But the action taken to
clear himself of the charge of un-

Is Given Credit for Having Picked
Committees Eminently Fitted
for the Work They Will Be

Called on to Do-Senate
Settled Down to Business Right
on the Jump.

Tallahassee, A-pril 5.-(Specdal).
Getting right down to hard work,
President MacWilliams this after-
noon announced the senate commit-
tees, and is given credit by those
who have made.more than the sli ght-
est study of the list, with having
picked out committees eminently fit-
ted for the work they are to do and
likely to handle their share of the




Washington, .\pril 5.-The condi-
tion of winter wheat throughout the
country is "generally favorable," says
a d.partm-nt of agriculture review
of domestic crop conditions. Damage


To seal In the
delicious Burley
tobacco flavor.

It's Toasted

"Eight years of stomach and liver
trouble reduced me to a walking
skeleton. My skin was dried up and
as yellow as a twenty-dollar gold
piece. I was filled with gas and had
severe pains in my right side. I
would not .think and had lost all am.
itlon to do anything. Doctors' med-
ine did not touch me. My cousin ad-
ised Mayer's Wonderful Remedy,
which snatched me from the grave.
have gained sixty pounds, eat like
hired man and .am looking 'em over
gain." It is a simple, harmless
reparation that removes the ca-
arrhal mucus from the intestinal
tract and allays the inflammation
which causes practically all stom-
ch, liver and intestinal ailments, in-
luding appendicitis. One dose will
convince or money refunded. Inde-
endent Drug Co., and druggists ev-

All Our Fine White Ivory at

Mos Alluring Prices-One Week Only

Ladies, Visit Our Store During the Week April 6th to 13th and Take Advantage
of This Sale. We Stock High Grade Goods Only.

Toilet Sets
Manicure Articles
Perfume Bottles
Military Brushes*
Puff Boxes
Jewel Boxes
Infant Sets

Our selection is one of the best in the South.

An initial engraved free on any article sold

at $2.00 or over. Any piece of ivory in our 2

store at 20 per cent discount.





What Counts in a Car?

y CAR ought to be a good investment,
and to be a good investment means
that you must get more out of it than
you put into it.

The Overland is that kind of a car,
for the service and satisfaction that it
gives is out of all proportion to the little
that it costs.

To the economy of light weight it
adds a riding comfort hitherto found
only in expensive cars.

Overland Prices Have Been Reduced
The Time Payment Plan Is Very Easy


500 W. Adams St., Cor. Clay St. Phone 4846.

fto the crop from the recent freeze
was said to have been "negligible,"
and very little winter killing report-
ed. The Hessian fly was said to be
prevalent in all parts of Indiana, but
no dani.Ti.- reported. Some fly dam-
age was reported from .'.i.higrai,,
Corn planting was reported in full
progress in the Southern states, with
good stands obtained. Land is being
prepared for planting in the leading
corn producing states in the central
The fall sown crop of oats in the
Southern states was said to be gen
erally in good condition. Some dam-
age to the early sown crop was said
to be feared as a result of the recent
frosts in Kansas, Nebraska and Ten-
Live stock was described in good
condition throughout the country.


Washington, *Apr. 5.-Secretary
Weeks' recent statement that he
would announce shortly a detail to
duty for Gen. Pershing "commensu-
rate with his rank" has caused con-
siderable interest and speculation in
the war department. Several possible
assignments for Gen. Pershing,
whose rank as general of the army
places him above any routine detail,
have been discussed by officials, it
was said today.
It has been rumored that the gen-
eral would retire to accept a diplo-
matic post, probably that of ambas-
sador to Japan, to succeed Roland
Morris, whose resignation President
Harding recently accepted. It is un-
derstood that this would be the most
acceptable diplomatic post Gen. Per-
shing could be offered. Another diplo-
matic post mentioned for him is
On the other hand a large number
of army officers believe that Gen,
Pershing will either be made chief of
staff to succeed Maj. Gen. Peyton C.
March or that Secretary Weeks will
seek from congress legislation plac-
ing the entire army on a field basis
with him as general of the army a%
the head of the organization.
A tour of the world under the cre..
dentials of an envoy extraordinary,
similar to the tours made by other
allied leaders after the war, also has
been mentioned.

Macon, Ga., April 5.-Receivers for the
Gainesville Midland railroad, a short
line, appealed to Judge Beverly D.
Evans here late today to cut salaries
of its 200 employes approximately 27
per cent. The receiver's testimony and
that of one railroad employee in op-
position to the proposed cut were heard
tonight. The railroad is seventy-two
miles long and, it is claimed, is losing




Boston, April 5.-The question whether
Mrs. Mary Baker Eddy, founder of
the Christian Science church, who died
in 1910, is still an active officer of
the church was raised today for the
courts to decide.
Edwin A. Krauthoff, of Washington,
appearing at a hearing in the supreme
court in one of the several phases of
litigation involving the present gov-
ernment of the church, asked tlr an in-
junction to restrain any revision of the
manual. He said he desired a declara-
tion by the court that Mrs. Eddy, its
founder and the author of the annual ,
is an active officer of the church just
as much as the board of directors are
active officers.
Judge Braley remained that he did
not see how such a condition could pos-
sibly exist.
The doctrines of the church and ad-
missions by church officers, Mir.
Krauthoff contended, will prove it.
The judge denied the motion for a
temporary injunction, but indicated
lie would refer the question for fuller
consideration to former Judge Frederick
Dodge as master. Mr. Kiauthoff then
requested that Judge Dodge be required
to pass on the status of Mrs. Eddy and
Judge Bradley said he would consider
that question Friday.


Washington, Apr. 5.-Additionat
Information from the standpoint of
the employes was obtained today by
President Harding in an hour's con-
ference with W .S. Carter, presi-
dent of the Brotherhood of Engine-
men and'Firemen.
While virtually all phases of thu
question were said to have been dis-
cussed Mr. Carter emphasized wage
standards and working conditions.
He was the third railroad labor
leader to call at the White House
at Mr. Harding's request, B. M. Jew-
ell, president of the railway depart-
ment of the American Federation of
Labor, and A. B. Garretson, former
head of the Order of Railway Con-
ductors, having previously conferred
with the president.
Boston April 5.-New York play-
ers defeated Bcstonians in the first
two matches of the national court
tennis singles championship tourna-
ment on the courtss of the Tennis and
Racquet club today. C. S. Cutting of
New York won from Dr. G. S. Derby
of this city and Fulton Cutting of
New York defeated R. W. Cutler of

Havana, April 5.-Th-e eighth game of
the international chess game between
Dr. Emanuel Lasker and Jose R. Capa-
blanca was declared a draw tonight.
No moves were made in addition to
those of Sunday night in the first half
of the game which was adjourned after
thirty moves.
Pinehurst, N. C., April 5.-The polo
pony of John W. Tuckerman, of Bos-
ton, came to the rescue of the Sand
H4illa Polo tenm of Pinahui,, l oth- +IA



Gainesville, Fla., April 5.--Coachl
Kline and Captain Tootie Perry h.
the Gators out on Fleming Field wor
the first spring workout this after-
noon. The men studied the forma-
tions and listened to pointers on tac,'
tics. Later in the week some punt-
ing may be done.
The following letter men reported
to Coach Kline and Captain Perry:
Vandergrift and Baker, tackle;
Meisch and Norton, guards; Merrin,
C. Anderson, Carlton in the back-
field. Wilsky has a bad shoulder
and is not out at center. Swanson
at end and B. Anderson at quarter
are not in school, and Driggers at
end is a senior. Other men out for
training who are expected to show
ly well next season include: R. A.'
Carlton, R. Coleman, Tolbect, Scho-
field, Scott, Robinson, Stanly, Pome-
roy, Mahannah, Perry, E. F. Gunn,
Marshall, Dutton, Little and Milli-
gan. A number of lightweights are
out, expecting to ',keep some onh
working for a position next fall: Joe
Merrin, Simmons, Bie, Barrs, Cox and
R. L. Stanly, 23, of Jacksonville,
is manager of the 1922 Gators. As-
sistant managers are learning the
game now. T. F. West 23, of Talla-
hassee, was the first to report for


(By "SAMMIE.")
The gymnastic meet Monday night.
was a great success in every way
and showed the "Y" that events oi
this kind will be backed up by the
public. Some extra good work was
shown by the men taking part in
the meet and every one of themI
showed the results of careful train-
Saturday, April 16, the Y. M. C.
A. volley ball and wrestling teams
will journey to the University of
Florida to meet the respective teams
of that organization. The game and
the wrestling contests will be held
in the evening in the university
gym, the volley ball game oeing
played first. No doubt the double
bill will -prove well worth seeing, as
all members of the teams are top-
notchers and should produce some
close competition. The wrestling
will be held in the lightweight,
welterweight, middleweight and
light heavyweight classes. The uni-
versity states that they will oe rep-
resented in all four classes and ex-
pect to make the Jacksonville men
hustle if they have aspirations of
Capt. Jack Armstrong, of the
"bizness" men's volley ball team, is
holding practices tnreE times a week
and hopes to get a winning combina-
tion from the mass of material that
he has to pick from. This class hat
some superfine volley ball players
among its members and 'should be
able to perfect a. combination that
will be hard for the university men
to sdive.
The University of Florida volley
ball and wrestling teams will be
seen in action in Jacksonville April
Ed Morrison is developing into a
first class wrestler. Ed has been with
the "Y" only about three weeks and
shows great promise of becoming an
excellent athlete.
Freddie Langston, who won the
gymnastic meet, is about as good an
amateur gymnast as the writer has
ever had the pleasure of watching
perform. He is a. conscientious
worker and deserves every bit of the
The Jacksonville swimming team
will meet the University of Florida
team in this sport the latter part of
May. Although a defnite date has
not been set all arrangements have
been made to make the meet a 'big
The Jacksonville swimming team
is composed of men from the "Y,"
Legion, Red Cross, Life Savings
Corps and unattached swimmers of
the city. Any swimmer in the city
who would like to get in practice
for the preliminary meet, which will
be held prior to the meet with the
university, is invited to come to the
physical department of the "Y" and
arrange for swims.
A preliminary meet will be held
among the "would-be" swimmers of
the city to determine "who's who"
in'the swimming world of Jackson-
The Night Junior Leaders had they.
picture taken last night and, need-
less to say, the photographer had
a great deal of trouble with his
camera. The Night Junior Leaders Is
composed of a bevy of handsome
youths, who looked very cunning in
their white gym suits of cotton, (Not
society news.)
Decatur, Ill., Apr. 5.-The Business
Men's Golf Association of this city
will offer a perpetual trophy for the
world's open golf championship and
P. G. Vaile, of Chicago, has been
named chairman of a committee to
draw up rules and conditions under
which the world's championship tour-
nament will be played, it was an-
nounced today.
It is expected that the tournament
will be played in 1922.
Cleveland, 0., Apr. 5.-All reserved
seats for the opening game of the
American League season here, April
21, and for the first Sunday game,
April 24, have been sold, the man-
agement of the Cleveland baseball
club announced today. St. Louis will
be the champions' opponents on both
Baltimore, Md., Apr. 5.-The grand
jury has refused to indict Jack Dunn,
manager of the Baltimore Interna-
tionals, on charges of working on
Sunday, in a baseball game at Oriol6
Park on April 3. Efforts are being
made by various Sunday observance
organizations to suppress ball play-
ing here on that day, but thus far
have been without success.
Chicago, Apr. 5.-Amateur golfers.
whose handicaps are higher than five
strokes would be barred from the
national amateur championship tour-
nament, under a request sent out to-
day to secretaries of the sectional
golf associations by James D. Stand-
ish, Jr., chairman of the eligibility
list of the United States Golf As-
"The problem of handling the in-
creasingly large number who play
each year, makes it desirable tha,.
every effort be made not to include
players in the eligibility list- who
have no chance of qualifying," said
Standish's letter, "and it is requested
that you be certain that all players
nominated by your association come
up to the required standard."
Lists of golfers of each section
whose handicaps were five or under,
were requested by May 1, for the
official list for the national amateur
title match.

numbered thirty. Seven men were of larceny. Of the total number of
charged with carrying concealed arrests made in the detective squad.
seventy-five men were picked up on
weapons. Sixteen were arrested charges of vagrancy.
for breaking and entering and ---- -----J- .
twelve were tried on charges of re- WAIVED HEARING
ceiving stolen goods in connection WAIVED HEARING
with the capture of a total of twen- --
ty-three persons arrested on charges H. F. McAden, 45. arrested with E.


W. Jones, 39, on the cha ,e of fighting,
waived preliminary hearing before Jus.
tice J. C. Madison, and held for trial
in the criminal court under a $500 bond.
Both men were arrested by Officer J.
S. Ti:.olc.. and yesterday Jones swor*
out a county warrant for McAden.

day and carried its side into the lead
with a well aimed drop kick from the
fifteen yard line, so to speak.
Knoxville, Tenn., April 5.-The best of
camaraderie marked today's game here
between the Giants and Senators. Fol-
lowing the altercation at Jackson yes-
terday the 2,000 fans at today's game
expected an outburst, but it failed to
burst. Hughie Jennings and Nick Al-
trock together did vaudeville stunts on
the coaching line and Umpire Bill .Bren-
nan's decisions all were accepted with-
out demur. The Giants won 4 to 2.
Douglas and Benton pitched for the
McGraw crew and Zachary and Schacht
for the Griffmen.

Miami, Fla., April 5.-William M.
Burdine was elected manager of the
Miami club of the Florida East Coast
League at a meeting of the directors
here tonight and Louis MacReynolds,
former Kansas City. American Associa-
tion, player, was elected captain. At-
torney S. P. Robineau was elected
president of the club, the other direc-
tors being B. F. Markle, W. M. Bur-
dine, L. F. Snedegar, H. B. Martin,
J. N. Lunmus, Jr., and Louis A. Allen.



Between 7 and 9:45 O'Clock, De-
partment on Jump-Gas Plant
Damaged-Fire at Planing Mill.

Prompt work of the Jacksonville
fire department early last night
checked several incipient blazes that
threatened to do considerable damage
to property.
Shortly after 7 o'clock, the depart-
ment made a run to the planing
mill of the J. C. Halsema Company,
in response to an alarm from Box
773, Eighth and Evergreen avenue.
A sipall blaze in the mill was soon
The Pintsch gas plant, at Bay
street and Myrtle avenue, was the
scene of a fire at 9:30 o'clock. Sev-
eral fire companies making the run.
The plant was considerably damaged.
At 9:45 o'clock the third alarm
came in from Box 42, a frame house
on Grape street being slightly dam-



Is Picture of Health and Says He Is
Fit as Fiddle for Coming
Arduous Duties.

Congressman Frank Clark, from
the Second Florida congressional dis-
trict, was nere yesterday en route to
Washington for the convening of
Mr. Clark and Mrs. Clark spent the
past two weeks in the state, visiting
in Miami and spending some time
at their home in Gainesville.
The congressman is the picture of
health, and announced that he is fit
as a fiddle for his coming arduous
Mr. Clark stated he was proceed-
ing to the national capital early so
to be in on a number of caucuses ar-
ranged before congress convenes.

style that stays because it's


value that shows up better as the days
and weeks go by.

Knox Caps

$4 and $5


Everything Men and Boys Wear

Cor. 5th and Vhuwch

0. ,t44

"In the Heart of Three Big Cities."
Jacksonvile, Corner Bay and Laura. 102.-"4 First Avenue


Statement of the Condition of



Northeast Comer Bay and Ocean Streets

Jacksonville, Florida

As Called for by the Comptroller at the Close |

of Business April 2, 1921.


Loans and Discounts...... $ ,820,556.42 Capital Stock .. ..... $ 100,000.00
Overdrafts .. .. ... .... 82.13 Surplus and Undivided
Banking House and Fixtures 87,775,00. Profits .. ... ..... .. 37,373.36
Other Real Estate ....... 46.94,4.65 Reserved for Taxes ...... 398.46
U. S. Bonds and Other Bills Payable .. .. ...... 30,000.00
Securities .. .... 317,774.62 DEPOSITS .... ...... 1,261,504.46
Cash and Due from Banks. 156,143.46

Total.. .. ........ $1,429,276.28 Total.... .... ... .$1,429,276.28

R. E. WHEELER, Chairman of the Board J. E. MADIGAN, Cashier
W. M. BOSTWICK, JR., President T. W. BISHOP, Secretary
A. R. MERRILL, Vice President W. E. LANSDELL, Asst. Cashier


M' *' aI


-- i I --- r~ll--*--------llIllIIC----~

Porter Straws

$4 to $7

Knox Straws

$7 to $15

According to a report submitted to
Police Chief W. D. Vinzant yester-
day morning, city detectives, working
under Lieut W. B. Cahoon, recovered
property valued at $6.0'11) during
March. The report also shows that
283 arrests were made by the de-
tec-tiv"s during the month, four be-
ing charged with murder.
Those violating the liquor law

Choose either with Porter's unqualified
guarantee of good style and good value-



-TA~ I- a A- %-A-. A ---
Any size. "-,rick road or river, ret
sonable price. terms to 'Vit. Wt.
iis'ha 'i'm Ill St. Jarr,-se BIld.
P h,:.n e ?7;9f9

Farms Farms Farm
.lu:-t a .hort dii.tance across the river
we .';n rlocte %c.I ior, rrny kind of ae
farm you are f:.ookin f,:.r. Ask the
De:.p 1, he hr. hl',e located or, our
far in, a. Ea ~v v y ni, .t .
416 Duval Bldg. Phone 4980.
F''P. .-ALL or tr.,d-. 1.-r acre-. l.:.ur-
r...:,m h.:.,. ail fi hn.:ed. w .t "*. -II=
mil- irr...n J .1 L'on ll5- Pl' ,n nf.
C i 67.',. o. r call I Fc.r.st '
__ ___ s l-iln -rh r.' .




Continued from Pare 9.,
er or get out of office. He said his
force was not short-handed.
Liquor at the Bottom.
Attributing Duval cou ty's lawless
condition to the fact that bootleggers
ply their .:,p.rati:.r.i with little hind-
rance f i.rm [hI- lav-, F. C. Groover de-
clared that at the bottom of the
present trouble, in his belief, lies
whiskey. The recent wave of law-
lessness Is not. attril.it.-d.L he said, to
drunkenness, btr to: tiie fact 'that
too many people hold the law in lit-
tle respect. "I want the laws en-
forced, regardless of who is hurt," he
said. "There are conditions in the
community that should not be tol-
erated. TIle city and county are in-
fested with bootleggers. Drunk men
are driving automobiles and under-
lying the, wave of crime and law-
1.-r.mr. is liquor and the fact that
'1.ie s.iale of liquor goes on practically
unchecked. We must teach law-
r.r.ai.,-rs. of every description that
the i,.w 1i to be upheld,"
Bad Advertising.
The Jacksonville city council re-
cently appropriated 2i.n01) for
municipal adMerri-;ng. th.i- money
going f..r a splendd purpose, said
,I. P. .ijalr. pr.-idint of the cham-i
ber of cornmer'rt. i' it, of what avail
lare our descriptive booklets, our
columns of favorable publicity.- in
national newspapers, when Ihie e
same papers carry stories of d'.'ra-
n in- 11.=..r.lr and lawlessne 4a nr.
.i, s.ntr ile," hie asked. "In marnv
sections of the country The South Is
regarded as a more or less la-.vle
area. Jacksonville and Florida are
i,'eiving (the r, :..t iirfav,.,rable fc-rm
cf al."-rtii n-, tihr ign the-e di-ord-
era. They nai'.t I-e ir,.pped l" r. Adair
declared the citizens of Ji.-:1 ornville
fa 'r.r upholding the law, ,"-n if ,
h.'r.n'mea necessary ,' s, car hurired.r
in as special pf..ice and deputy
"I am not attacking our official-'
,he explained. "but we need a ttc.n,
now. "We are in trouble and draitlie
measures are necessary to effect a
>-ure. VWe must spare ri,Ath;rg tio .sop
,.tolenIr,' and 1 belie'. our .,h ,i, r
are ding all Withmn their powers to
stop t1,eA nltrA. &e "
Blartinl Lnw Distasteful.
Mrs. Jennings outlined the pos-
slbility, of martial law unless thr.
re;gn of disorder Is stopped. *Thlai
would be a terribl- la. m;ti t cr th..
city" she said "I r.e'ently tr,. ,-.l
witlh Col R. C Tir.:k, commander ,.o
the 154th infantry, Floprida Nat.-.nal
Guard, and I am certain that si-.rild
the troops be called out and thb ci
placed under martial law Ci, Tur"p|
.v ,uld r;gid v anf ,:ir.-:i lav.' arnd v.- uld
preser.e o.rd-r By the calling ofr
troops to handle a local situal,'-.n
,- ul r fr'.'..ilv h.irt the community.
arid I' 1is .:, ac..d such a contingency
that thl' rrn-tina has been called."
Bootlegger'. to BInme.
B.:.ttt. 'g r= are anar.-l_.~i de-
clariil Tel,!f.tr Stockton, who read a
serious ,rind,': mren[ of this craft.
"They are, in a great measure .re-
sponsible for the present .-'.rwdilon
They disregard our laws .nd w'- ha,'e
no place for this sort of r-peol"i ir, Odr
community. We have no. place ror
anarchists of any kinri. We must
correct this cancer n.:v.' .:.r it, will re-
turn in increased pro.pr.rti..n= liter.
T pledge my full ,,Jrpporr in any-
thrn, iit cunrniittee Lind,:rt.iieT," he
rorncilud d.
ixpierlenced Wear-Dtisaster.
"The man who places an expl,.Klve
on a railroad track, or who in asr1
v.-'. articr,npti. to wreck a train, iS
rcthing 1-sa than a murderer, even
rn..ugr n 1i. atten-rpt fails," declared
';,:-.rce \\- Parklih ll. Mr. Parkhill
icold .r)( b.nc on a Seaboard train,re-
cently when it 'i *'ia ,,id. nlr halted
near Whitehouse, this .:.:unty 'lihll
officers Inspected the tra-ck f:r ex-
plosives, a can of TNT having been
found near the rieiiht.oi-.a/* a few
hours before. "'we r.ave green too
lax in the enforcement of law," he
said. "The time is here to act, and
we must act ai a cuncertled whole.
Citizens shouiri report la-. viola-
tions." Mr. Parkhll sai.d le wants
heavier sentences for law violators.
Homicide Record Staggerling.
Duval county's hini.mil-d. re,'ord is,
perhaps, above that of any county
or section of similar size in the
world, declared A. H. IKing, attorney.
"This coun:','s record is at the rate
of more than 1. l. 1,,.i inrril.-Id.' per
million of pr.:.pulatl..nr .r r ann..mi." he
charged. Erglar.id' r_:.'.rJ 1- i -'a -
than six and ib.the Dninlcn .:..r Can-
ada's is about nrin'. irtirneir rtail:A
rampant in tis i r.-0i1r',. Thi re l,.a
been no chan ,. in lwernt 'y-tl'i y.-ar ,
We are subjected to all forms of
violent attacks, and* few of there
criminals are pir,,,n h-ir Tlhere is
more crime I fuil\ r.l.-i-e. In Duval
( unta llhan ir, thie entire RIl'public
.,f Miex'i,:.. an.] v.:e li..-, lt po, Mexico
as a country of i alaes'n.% and
banditry; I attribute ircih of this
violence tB6 volatiioa of lthe prohi-
bition law."
Mr. iKing declared he personally
visited Big Flshweir creek shortly
after the dynamite explosion therb
3and said he did not believe there
was an attempt to wreck the tres-
tle. The charge, he said, was placed
on a girder some distance from the
bridge and .1.d no damage to the
stu.:1 t.re itsief r'These things are
done in an effort 'to scare and Inti-
midate," he declared. He asserted
that the ".ringrir.-" of men, beating
up of c ir'.err .,nd such similar
forms of lawlessness must be im-
mediately checked.
Labor Ready to Aid.
That labor organizations and es-
pecially those on strike -stand for
aw enforcement and are ready and
anxious at a;l times to aid authorl-
ties In the upholding of law and the
pr'.-,:rvai lon of order was the
declaration of W. H. Brough, chair-
man of the. local federated shop
crafts, the striking railroad em-
ployes. "We have offered our assist-
ance and have formed a committee,
the scr, i.es .-.f which were tendered
the hi.trHr.r1l,:.: i., said. "TVe hold
three n;',s" on-it.ir', a week and at
every ohe our people have been
cautioned against disorder, against
whiskey and against trespassing
upon railroad property.
"Our organizations are not 100 per
cent perfect," Mr. Brough continued.
'Nor is'any individual or organiza-
ion 100 per cent perfect. Our
organizations expel or fine member.
guilty of violation of their orders a

'v.'e ate doing et.rvhring possible to
assist in upkloldin I w In this strike.
Diirinc the early ijayv ot the
Atrilke a number uof tr.rpedoee were
placed ,n tra d n ra nthe r.allri.oad
haids. T7ll- war dore ito scare the
uJaras Oiur b.rc. r rn.-.,d brothers.
mn.rrimb-er. of le operation unions.
told us how the guards scurried to
cover and secured arms and ammu-
nition when the torpedoes went off.
These things were done for fun, but
It was not with organization sane-
tion and such actions were detrinern-
tal to the interests of the strilkers-
I believe that organized labor as a
majority, Is in favor of the enforce-.
ment of all laws."
Disrespect to Blame.
"The fault ef our age is lack of
reverence for the authority of law,"
declared Rev. J. B. Mitchell. "We
must teach such reverence in order
to quell anarchy, and anarchy is
rampant In the land. We had It In
our public schools here some time at-u
when some teachers advised their
pupils to 'strike.' We have it in
the .home, where children refuse to
respect their parents' wishes and
orders. We need to magnify the
One of the greatest causes for dis-
regard and di.resie.tL of the law In
Duval .c,oirt.' is the activity of "too
many 1.ioieicatrli Jur.rs" aLcordlnc
to M r. rIlr.-he1'ra rarI.%lv-ls or ine
situation. "Treere Is a class of men
who hang around the .*oirthou.u?
waiting to be drawn on jurl.is. Th
substantial citizens, who .%re qualfil-
ed for such duty, shirk inl re-ponil-
bility and, as a consequence,t i.-rt-
are too frequent miscarriages ot
justice. We have had an example of
this only recently.
'Boc.rle-cger n..rn't mind flnes," he
*nr tin ed. Why. where a br.otleg-
-'-r i',n.d fluin he ifn't worried at
:ll. 1 1 &s a ba r.r.te. 'r a rnd] dr-."-
,-'h na fine I'd s o.JL and make it
"n -,k bel.ore n'gl.t
L,t' ur. inr l -e :.l.geer. on the
road. ]n tl.n y.ars v. -Ln bor. iezper
Iatb.Or." we carn build the finest '.?-
erni of hlanw.,riv In lthe '-.,.ritr'
NotL niSc li.sln Strike.
Toward the .,-rl of thf meeilna
?e"eral a lsker ,. a ilnr r'-..:,gnti.:.n
Iron, the il.k,.,r. sought 1.) Inie. t ir.
rhe d1 '.i'.sc.rrr tI e ntr rita f Pth
,trike. Mr-. lennr,;rEs exolain-d thiat
i.? -atherince WAt not alile,j r., li..
'iJ.s -The r-i' K,. ri'nd tr.at th, rel -,t,.
m-ri' ts of the err.ke had nr -. art In
tire r-eeting "-.' are here r. dii.
'U theii quelling rg of d;jti. rbanrciq.
ra.at. er thair (aniie an.] recardlea
**f tir, men rit r.rf thi e ? rik,- r.r the
1z t',, ,,,r ninwilee ,:,f tne .lruatirn
%' h hr.rI' ht It ahout. The tri .-
n-.r being e..r,,,d- .r-d here and
,l'h rdi',;'UAi.on h&as no part in this

DeLand Daily News

Psbliihed Et',r Afrrnonon iT. the Week
Ex-ept Sune rt i l We t RiOh
A-. r,.DLe fLand. Florid..



Entered at the Po-toffice at De1'|,
Florida, a S.cord.Cla:.a Matler

hinnagr.g Editor.
Ad..ertL-Er t.anager
J. OREN 11A3S3.LL.
A iote.at' Editor.

Ml-ntl.r A-.oAried Da.Iles of Flornda.
MIet,.r, '. C asoeit'ed Pre:.

By the Ye r .'.
Per Muilntl
S ing l,.- o . .'.

Fiat rule f 0,'l e.nt an irih in '"t't
SF c,,rit in W .ll.v, foi at,:; m-i --
tpeCr, fur ar litrngt h of im?, band
p 'rt, l 'iln o r p lc u :- %
Po.iton.. opt,onral "rh publ;her, arnA I 'l S r iit rially irn acco rnplislung lt, ,' It n .I : i-rn. 'il.iit],i a ii [i.r.- rv:i
up r lf Lpsi tr briiig in to pr0 :,m rfnl.'e alt
dr.0rt'ish', br. 'lArto rm n.e "n li po.- iof th,?. organs nation It hla lin ,-I i" l l'. i, of ,.i.'llt,.1 do u ti '
Raestriction---lo .ffety Pilk. weal rmen, t -th ref.-r '- ieL-, organized 'to work m l nlt iiihl, l ,i' J.l Of 'h -j f ei rl.'
doubtful ionvestinMrit_ ur other qut..lionjbl s. hnir. ny 'with ir'- John B. Stle- 1r r n ul, 1 li tir pre-
*dvert.i;ng accepted or run At hr.: **Cri t e:I' t- 1 e, Ir ,
"Want A. -d i'tise -,"'. Craiseilr, t.ot cent l -iinmri rLi ;r ity, although, so far as it'| lit n a. i .. -air, I'- | ti'1
a word l!er i ,ue. mird imum rat 6 t" r r. r..r O a or'ar i' .t.ion IS is uncu r ned. it ci e d dlmiI ]rin.i i. I-. : l' I. t -in
soieeial T e for longer tam e:.ca-h t' a-h om -I i Jt ... .. i
.Pany Coo e. .. i nd e. ntn dtf the ,niver. ,yA .vin* r: e.
Special "Tlotie--All ob;tuan r iyin ee % iI
crd of LArl..irt ni nr,.id The pi'rog-ies mule ]y the so,:ie' S. -- -- --_
of 'ent, ,snime.r,i. here chli geis a ie Ima-dF jas been \Cc-e].lhgly sat'h.actct ry. Of
for a d r m i i.ca i rt r ' t.e1 ie 11:. ( ag tni.r ry Ot.l '- ,
charge Ifur ,O.at hle r tt -e ',i itc, -t. _r "r i. tie -.'i. '(I
AdI'r1t,.,r'-n opu iolild be hared *i.in .Ii'lore thln i'-have be-it etlrti, In-
tf.,re., i, m. for manie daL- p 'e'r. Li ', ihg ind ;ivi ilDai. l a ;I ll'tittitmoo?
Tnie .eed tor lhe--oe.to'. -ty's aitivitii.',,
National Advertising Representatiaes i antiC.ipIted by Lhe ft:,tunUer, hnas been?
FROST, LANDI & KOHN. )r'VBed 'by the fact that several im-r
N-- l'ork. Chre-igo. At antsa poft if librai Aes. both thoee If-longi'n,

The A =oe.,nted: Pre., [,i- Y,- lu.:ivel, en- to universiie. and w lthe piblitc Librarle
titled .to. :". e ie oir iepul'.;atiun of lI in Cil,, lha;e gladly act:iepteJ ?U-I t:lDn-
ne-.; di:fatc'-.c rr, d t u it" 'i-rriot ruet' -
n.e ,", tedn 'rnfi E.t pr .%an nl al~ct ng mhembersjiip. M'orepvr t,jB grati-
loral new': p..t] lhcd heren.- Al ni ght cr.-f .a1, to-'lknO.- that 'tile senior 'him;tor-
repubi'Mb at.orn cof p'-ci l dipttfin .l.s herein
are nalc. reer.ed ical noiE.tils in the north have wel-
- -^ c-oratld the junior soc.iey in Florila

D d 1 V 11 T and have shown.thir ft'riendliless.,nI
eLand ,W eekly ews..o o.pera.tire epirit in various"ay.
PITBLISHEDD. EVERY WEDNESDAY, John B. St ISon Jr.. is. president of
sub,- iiptlon te W to Weekly-One ser, -the Florida Starte Historical soolery;
Ot 61); ix mofthi. .5 reert, in.1 advance.
Del; ered to-af prarl-f of the Uin'fed States.. I rs. Jeanneti e Thurber. Connor, Vcjiu
A.er'n are:.-ti per inch. Ciau president, antD;C. Rosa. of D-Land
ii sPcreary. Mr rStatsot bas .6pent
much timeahnd money in the interest
of the socic-ty and has traveled widely
II B E THOUGHT doing personal research. He ij now
tORIY in Spain, where, during this month,
I o la great cefl.bra tion will take pace in
e 'Thouthiseorize l ro AvJle, the br-cthlace of' Pe)'o Me-n

endez, ;y'li-tv hi*iemain. are; to hirt-e
?' Onmo'.ed to a more imposing restirun
HE TJAT P Y USURY and unjust place Through the pubealioodby tiho
ga iniT4%vreaseth hns surhhI an-ces, le .haln. ~
gather it. for a hht that nUl" pi| h e | Florida Stat- Historical society o6f
poor: A faithful man -ha ll aai*nd Pedr, j.enendez de Aviles (the Mre-
i bfeessi;if.-: h t het-,,trmat niake,?bh m niuolra.5' lenendez uTritet I by lh41
hasfe &o--be 4#I shal -.atidC-e -fnno- br-iih4avE Goazai Aolls teM
a,, a l ttansisa'tedl -m d x- to b

FLORIDA HISTORY.'I a antett. Thurbet cotr a. t
t the ad'.in-tado i-, mad I(nOWT-
Speaking of the .oivewpien'to ga.ber Ameriu pop- ia a v' a
]o rdhhd h orica. l data ani (cutn :TO-yid of dserda 6
*:-Ih-reMatatfionM,for tle oefefirktton otf T6tA do wit pre-de S
.....m. l --.Ae. 'N-~v t, r r, ath 'o f .rs. 'ii c 3n s Yr..iad e t Ie -l. .Y
Miamni nIerald suggests IMat this w- r lt she dedicated ro the head ot, i
Should ne entered into whole-hearted- Sndez family li i.q-ai, Ci rrt_ .'ti
ly hy the publli, and Fhouild ha v e- or- villa Oigedo, a dece-ulant, of I, d-d
it-ial snttio. of the -'state -goverr- lantado'us brother, Al-.ar Sancr-`r_.
ment, urging the torn oatirn of a liate Avilt it r,ppi ia.tion qf the gllt i
hlistori-.al conintitii n a-, e. arly a, p, .e- I or a i llotOg, rfaplpi of thle cnli,-lettibr
,ilie. of Pedro i Meii-rid:-z kiLown to bahlI
Floridal t shi ihave ,ui.b a comniiti, i been writ.in entirely by hi' owti
C.iou. The bI I-Ty of th- state goeR- hand.
bat c centuries, t hait :r in.timate r -'
TO [le f' .rE ieLt and en-n uii Fllm t nf
latitrnshlip[ to the i lttla't of the whole
S I .I.All-. C IllOr, 11 ot y O'' I.

Ct r'. .- .e years i t\'-pas ei l,
no d:nl, nic. oc, ntbs of gr.'at
liistoriral value have beeii loat, There
Sre, without flatibt, manny other?-- of
eNua vau i i aII -il u -[te i-e, tut hid-

if a seave& ir4 *aielYor taeni.
LiUino,''in I4ori41 ToIla-y 'a e IIn,-
dreds of men ,d women'T.fho :'r,"
familiar witif -.'idltions whIich .'pre
failed .1n y'-ars ago. By srearchin-
their mi _lori_', li..ie inen anil '%o en i-
great intitrest t. to h coonmitig gene'ra-
M anv jindih idil l Hnil i n r ,or i,,i .rhit,,,h.

utrninoi- s'--t of .-ran ci.lpt tr- Lru i the
Arclit-.,- G--eneral db Inil tis. S,=ville.
Sp.iiri. vwh. ih tali k i s at I..' .i-.i le t.j rpr.-
c e1 lll ai once trt t he ai .itt ilHIeItni t a.tn
rul.lli .tor f lif.es- r it t -i. '," i n -
si11e (clu eL' ni inr]t'., 'Is. L'Orn ILui'i I Ul'
l-e'ioion rn mber- I tholiluanls f laea'
.nil the' .lre bing pibli h-d a, L.i'
a- it it s posil.ile tou make 'ti-.ni r ai .ly
in a _ch-:,larly way.
A.ni 'ig the ltul.lic-atiotis alert dly irT
sued. by the Florida State Hi7r.t.riral
.'w,'i.et.\ at r- l l Antlhropolo-,., of Flur-
i'l., by Al-.ee Hrilll a, cutator of .1:-
tlropology in the Smi'li-r.-onian [In-i

liarv done ina.i h low.irl ilne-a thing -uliocr; Not-3? ini thei Life a w .l'l.rl.
his-.torical facts ronr-rning thel- rly of Ber Iald R, -.n an ,' P. L'e rP i .
days of FlotriL. Outstanding aimont I lir .hi.f ,f livi- ilt of i .3 ii n -ih,-
theme otlgaiiatit on- ;S the Fltrda Lilhrar1'" Ot "'' g---'-e : (C'Orli.l rn.-
Strae -Hi.toritAl; ociet. fouund-al on ordi' of' palnln Flo-rid S-.I, tn.
D t-i. 1, 1921. i, y a group of Floriilan., Pal 'It s 1 t ,i V ',Vrni.-nr aiItl Secular Pr.I
anil nui tiernere- l wl iug '. inter .Ihome i. :n -i'i VA, L. 1. l.y ani.' nr lle Thlill.ni r
in -lorida, who -a-re inter-re- e i n thr- Connor; h.1ila among l ii.- iit wici .
hlist.,ry cif the state. To thesee intll. I I 'pr-patationt ie a -a --~ ri1 ilI,'
viduals it -?Iei -i t.iede irdble o forin iof t_'ol:-,niAl e-.,orl ,,fI Sl na-rt, Flor-
a .society of a Jifferenrt character from, ida by [i- CO(' n r i; a Iolume g.i.o -
that of rn sy .;l.eadv exin.tin- in the in Spini-h inl Engii..- Tri.tari die
state, having tor ito ol:.ject -tAd) anoi Ltd t -' Ad-llatt' arrunt of the E
resetart-n in history that hItaI I dirp,- reiition ru li 'E st Florid.la in I.r.S. ;
bearing on th- Penini ula fleii.eit 1 Pri'stly,. Ph.D.. irniveri y,'
One cfE the principal ohhjels of th- t CAt lit ia: '. vola itue giving nr:
socItyv is to c:ollet. from foreign ar. Slpanish andt Engliih the Cedulario or
cbive-, an.i edlit, Soir r e material per. line King of Spain re-Cerring tL:, Fl],ori.t.
training to) Flo'lda hi-tort. andl thu, l1';1SO.'ot Iy itn B Ster-.im .Itr; Caro-
render pos-Aible the writing of an aw line 31iay Bi vardi Floitla Since 1 ;S:;,
curate narrative history of Florida. to .e edJlted -by Janie-. A R,,tle.trtco:..
Because of the mnaccessibility of thp Ph D., research professor int Anmeri-ci
source material, bhis has hirherto listcry, John B 1 Sr.tiSon univer.ty:
been a -task impossible of achieve- aid The Bibliography ot Florida B13.-
Irent. It is hoped that the public-a fore IS21; a che-klist iof hooks and
lions of the society will stimulate in paniphle-ts on Florida. 121 -1?9, by
some studentL I a Florida university Jame-s A Rober-ton.
Ahe ambition .to undertake the waiting Whether the histotrincal i:-earch ar-
of such a history. In the meantime, tilities ot various iinividual- and or-
thbee publications will in the course ganizations v ill cilminiiate in the ap-
of -time become an encyclopedia of pointmeni't of a state historical :com-
Florida history. mission with official sanurion of thu
It was the opinion of the founders commonwealth is problematical. How-
of thii sociel./s (hat close association. ever. a great work is being carried.
iith an institution of learning.will aR- on by the Florida State HIs1torical ic-

I 5;



PKGI 'FoTR. "6



(CONTINUDl ;IfA; .R- wrtb Nbu .( A %" r. ESoIh died onr
1.1897. Th budd I., 1.Fr suli- mr~.* 1 Pout very 'Wenltby.
Was H. ., L M 'I r. du Po.ro I: -r mr r.-a.- ". nith-
A flew t( I.~~rI I, [-1-. hIrF4 wst rnl.- ari- il IV.. L-L Pi,'rdtnbtiI c-FI1
wa igried y [%I r.1 FI -1 OnI p. aign F -pic i ',-.r IF, repulhjC-,
I- 'W .' [ h fI.ra! [ Ill.: [I : *..I.I *. n!,m,nqtion. j-i. -v'as r.nrnr Iii L '
AI;..r 14 ...sI a .--u~ .p e ,~ l ~ IFe. LI -
IF i t [.1di,.0141 [,FnI 3Crull~e u .IJCLLl o .U!' L
~4 )II p~ J C.I UI' Lj~F r LIP.I
4 I3 .a '-UL'IS prFdULH -.i ui~r .I[n~l

-I~it.-I lF.I io Pont de N'-nw-r..i '(F-

-Ii rh r,- 1-4 1. *I -[*.- .- 1'. ),I.
j L,~*,i*.,- TL ,*, 1 F,-j 111L I -, a l L'i- F'-' 11

LCFF ~.t~ Ir~r ngI.F
J s~utwj .P



--- -- .--- .- t


U' 3-%day-Proba bi y general I falr
I S lemperture unchanged.


Committee of 100,Will

Assist the Authorities

in Upholding the Law

Law Enforcement Body in Pub-.
lic Meeting Declares Disorders,
Dynamiting, Beating Up of Men
and Violation of Liquor Law.
Must and Will Be Ended.



Dural County More Lawless Than
Mexico, Speaker Declaris-Ho-
micides at Rate of Over 1,800
Per Million Population Annually.

That lawlessness-in the form of
dynamiting outrages, beating up of
men, violation of the prohibition
laws, and other forms of disorder-
must cease in Dural county, was the
sentiment expressed by speakers yes-'
terday afternoon when the law and
enforcement committee held a pub-
lic mass meeting in the city hall.
Assembly of a committee of one
hundred or more citizens to work
with officers in law enforcement
will be undertaken' at once, A. H.
Kihg having been appointed chair-
man of a, special committee to select
names for this body.
Resolution Adopted 4
RE$* VED: That this meet-
Ing composed of all trades and
professions, pldge our sup-
port to all officers of the city
and county in the enforce-
ment of l&i and the protection
of our citizens.
Laws Must Be Enforced.Si
The sense of the mTneeting, the at.
tendande at v. which overflowed the city
council chamber, was that jaw nMust
be enforced anra [-at recent disorders.
parr)iuiarlvy dynamite outrages,
mustr be stOppe. That the ched-:ing
of mnis class of lawlessness depends
upon the curning of tie bootleg
liquor traffic was stressed by several
Confidence was expressed by law
enforcement (officials but the fact
that the pole force Isof lneufflelent
strength to be lt'') per cent effective
as Iaccried.
Mayor Jo.hn W. Martin. the first
speaker Intr,-duced by Mrs. W. 8.
Jennings, chairman of the commit-
tee who prets.Jda, declared that gaov-
erinentr r.ithIut erforc.d laws aran-
not o:xit ard aill laws, he said, muss
be enforced It makes no difference.,
tue mayor declared who- Is effected
by law enforcement., the statutes
must and wvi, be carried out 2
He revievr'd the recent reign of
lawlessness in Jacksonvlle, dyna-
mritinr. the beating up of men and
otner o.utrages. "I do not know who
is resr ,rnsil.le for these outrages." be
1cld, "but I do know they are nor
the right kind orf people to have in
Jacksonville "He said he has direc-
ted Police Chief Roberts to use the
entiree police force in combatting
lawlessness a nd declared the munie-
lptaljtvy is not entirely responsible for
the wave r.f crime, as some "of the
outri-es have been committed out-
side the iry limits. "We are going ?
to do our duty by the public and the
law." he asserted. "and we are going
tn brne the-e people to justice, re-
gardlr.ss of fantorn s."
Roberts Outlines SilwuatIlon."
Chief Roberts outlined the situa-
ti-,n as regards the police depart-
ment. The force, he said, is small
ard the territory patrolled Is large.
The Cerartment was not expanded
In ratio to the new territory taken
Into the city limits somrne time ago
and the officers are serlonsly handi-
capped rfor this reason., he pointed
out The assistance of the public In
reporting acts of lawlessness will be
apprelriated by the department, be
Mrs. Jennings made an appeal from
the chair for people to advise the
proper authorities w-hen acts of law-
l -ssness are observed, and inch in-
tormatlon, she said, will be of great
assistance In the administrat-iof of
Sherldt's Force Busy,
Sheriff R. El. Merritt declared he
did not believe It necessary for him
to say he Is in favor n( law enforce-
ment. Every act of lawlessness re-
ported to his rnffice, be said, baa been
vestiga ted He has s-worn In many
deputies asd will swear in many
,more. "In fart," he said. "I will k'
swear In every decent man In Duval
county. If ner essarY." Re said hi,
sould enforce law and preserve ord-
Contisued en Page lB..






.re the
the Le Stricken at His Country Home Von Hutier Tr
at Barneveld, Where He That He Use
Had Gone for Rest Riga, But Fin
Different Soi
.i.tii e.4 .er'e.,el.er Lynch ot th"e i '.3lr
SUp .Up- i Ach. XV i.ii & T.,us. di.tr. FIGhdied
ti in the iT r=- eumn ,iir or n- i n in arn.\eld : it
G erm ans, mI "J1nin'gi'.-t la nt ir 0h p.of ne 1ii u o a H.-
a.r.i-, ate il th 1 a 1 r1" t'.u n I wo ek *. \'itth the Frnren
She_ id ri d "i:.-ri to 1,in,. eld last ie-Jr.:- nr,:h i3) i y the
trn da. 'iThr .'e ,: apo pieunionia eit The heal.y homl1
rriln 'are ini .aI.J i', ondtiijn b .tnm e c:rlitlt i. in progre's i-t
runrt Of 25 Ir. L.yn.:!L not only was promnneit sPr-ndent left th,
,elentdOULS in thel Icfga pri.ession, but in recent day in a. genera
|'erars had been active in the manage- F'rench line fror-
natiLt of tie LUti:a 'ity National Bank Lassigny. Here
and ot h'-r local buisinr-es enterprises Princ'3s armies.
'and aIre He a.rpt'--rntl:. was in the primer of IIte made :L series oi
i1 his mellq and health. alm Cd ait Val'aOu'
satirn MIr. Lynch 'was born on May 1', "* mil'
trr-atta:ked 1"5 In lthri c:ity. a son of trie l.t, Fonnrmer SItrat
i.5 linre de- Jarres .3. ait .-.raih Johnson Lynch The FrEnch r
Ves. h.,lding He was liiberaliy educated and -begin tion with tre Eg.
rhIr practice of lav. on ie..-ching manil- tle sternest re i
hoo.i. H.: never ";'as _onrspic uLoiis rL. a icZ es'ful e
t ,i.l\e the a tritl la' yer, but acquired a larrgt .- n finds- ltim elf
nlt Puzlhinr.g I practice v.,itrn corporations s his who are prepare
wesit; rlc 1,..3 client, an.l this in tIme 'brought abouti He i throww' i
,hvn hie par iu ,pationI t varlon, brge -CI- Ir, e' s, b ,
S i--.ilirum nercn-ir. unrlprtaking. ntar.]y the Sa,- ,le an entire bi
n'.r'e i.ali age .- rni,.- "',mr-'t an object c.n or.
.nt. ar-Junrt Mr Lynch -.a vieC p r nident th i, adj'er varies
ithe Utl.a 01ty National Bank ali d otr o'.rrr",helme
The [,renzn It
"oted ru,:h time to thr. 'b.usin? e.;, of, di, resistance. P
that ir,-tltutlon. He 'was interested in are exp-nding
the Savage Arni-. .Co'onrpany from the t their strength,
beginning of that industry and -.'hen strong counter-,
A G E the ".ar greatly increased th- dJemand Iwill ibe aided b.1
,AGI for ieaapons and the concern was up to the prest
Isold. he reaped the harvest of hi. pa-rt only been
e'ortl in earlier years. Pro 3.:U ^' ep Into the a
in arleryea Probab-I shows signs of
prOVed, no other rn'n had more to do v.lth tran.hs
% ,ta 'the _,rc.'th ani development of
that trin' in industr-y. The Germans
FHe v. a, nteresle In thie U.tt. .a Heat- ,gu_, and tren,
-..r ,'.,-.n-pa, .. lhe J. &o M. Electric Co. definite has bfi
I and ':tn r local concerns to-day's onlIau
Mr. L.'nc 'h 'rnpanth sized tronil.. The i-French.
announed fideritly and 0
llnU lCd ,.th tl, anti-tl.,erculo i. rnoVn eml'n i that ,ni sim.
I d armlid- and rkt.d anr J contributed inr...I. t.'. line v.ilh occut
the Premier naint.iin Caarni1 Healthmore. He 'a.. but ,' ntly
hei d r t. the var h t. e Libertyv Lea ,. the der an s w v.
nchlid Up cin -,l'itn and i., an tin:,.,itentat:.,is taick, offering
trc,,,I-- nand .:, r, non, atd man l.atruoten anrd hit ia.ni.us I-'irench
ild gr rlia i m itltari n ci nterpripe.es His -.me in gun-,'.
thl v -i s it KL i t m--rl le street. ?Art cti nLIS are
t adva .hC li. Lncrh -.r,., a micnit,6 r or ti.- in bringing up
lUld enter iFortl ,.ihjter Cluib, the Oneiat Cour- lined en peti.t,:' ly (
:le, ho '- ti. Bfar .A-,..c._Itlon and a,'ious other anrd Errtish troop
it flututre c i t, hi, tr nt in .t e fi
B.-,idr, his v ife. wnro .'*.s lMi. 5 Jrilid many British tin
ri___ a ldaugi;,er :of the latC E. 7. but never ost ,.1
i arniles .n \\'ilr ., Mr L,.nch i1 sur'lied t~-, unit are n-r1 u
hee .'hidrircn. .Andirev.' Green L,.nc.h, pale agc in in
ing. Ii.;oah L nirh anrtd Bry3an J.:.hn oin : (' ; aldini
ialen J- Lin. h. In b'biinejs Circles. iciall i I
of th ni m ,-land n his mno in rnate irle tie t ,rn t,, l
brain 1tn l, I -.1
hllcn ha .1 ~~-. gr;: -atly'. mi. ed ar nd genu ail r t 'n t
an .hlu niciuirn(d.. ba*. in icid--nit
nt anrlse. ': I i ,
T-ri SJORCH, ..ni.nt of .tia-j

i /e biit Ihorthv
Tn h': ni

TririiTIHE nirAMY1R17.

.-is,l-\ FIIEeP*

La ge ioan- small fears in the rich The New Townsite of The Upper
bhiack muck. Everglades.

-Ask about Our trip to GCarie: a and --On the Miami Canal near Lake
other points of interest in the Upper Okeechobee.
Everglades. H. H. HART, 1110 Ave.C

county alone planted in vegetables,' building, the increase is all profit. lot sold for $15,000. AC the improve- for ten years of $67,100, or an annual Lost Time.
Comparative Values in Miami, Showing lthe crop yielding $2,509,250. Simultaneous with this purchase the ments represents less than fifteen Iincrease of $6,710 fcr a strip of land I Mother (to Frank)-How is it
There were ten thousand acres in- gentlemen purchased the fifty feet hundred dollars, the increase in this 50x150 feet. i you're late home nearly every after-
How Fortunes Have en lM ade in 1.,:;, .. citrus trees, which yielded in the rear of this lot facing' on property represents the profit which is I noon?
S e -i.,, _, or a total of $3,451,292 for, Eleventh street. This lot was sold in' a little better than $1,000 per annum. Not Able to Tell Frank-Well, no wonder; we've got
Buying and Selling Real the citrus and vegetable industry 1902, the first sale of record, for $750.| For an i'lustration, we will take the suot Able to el- h a biclock in our school.
ng alone. J. K. Dorn became the owner in later corner of First street and Avenue C, a Jiggs-How does the new fire en- Mother-Why, what has the clock
Estate in Recent Years The above does not take into conr years and erected the present build- tract of land 100x150, two lots. These gine in your town work? to (1do with it?
Estate isn Recent Years ideration the vast amount of money ing on the premises costing around lots were purchased in 1897 for $168.- Bi'c'----Hiven't been able to prove Frank-'Cause it's so big it takes
derived from .the sale of tropical ten thousand dollars. Messrs. Tatum 75. These lots sold during this year its e ....-n.y yet. Every time we the hands an awful long while to' :ert
(By G. Brossier of F. C. Brossier a ten-acre tract. This ditch was con- fruits, such as the avocado, mango or Brothers paid Mr. Dqrn $47,000 for the for $4,200 a profit of $4,031.25 in had a fire the house has burned down rcund it. If we had a clock like ,,..s
the pineapple. Neither does it include property as it now stands, or in other twenty years, with no improvements before we could get there.-The Peo- Elttle one I'd get home a great deal
and Son.) structed and the reclaimed land was the millions of pounds of fish that are words the Twelfth street lot and the on these lots. ple's Home Journal. quicker.-Parson's Weekly.
History is dry reading sometimes, ever afterwards known as the "Klon- hipped from these waters every year Eleventh street lot sold this year for We will take the corner of Avenue
but the history of Miami has ever been ," so named because of the great which -nakes a grand total of $5,000,- $72,000, which sold in 1901, for $1500. D arid Second street, sold in January -en. P ------ ___-
interesting. rom the very beginning, eld o f vl egetables from this muck 000 a year; and increasing every year. The T... ; ,, Hotel which occupies 1897, for $225. That property is held
when capital decided to seek invest- with this great amount of money the corner of Twelfth street and Ave- at $20,000 today with less than $7,000
ent in this litte Indian village, things While this particular tract is 1. ": being turned into the channels of nue D, a tract of land 100x120 feet, improvements on it.
mave been happening so fast that ings some three miles from the great. E -- trade, it is only natural that a city of a three-story i.,,ili;.. was sold in1 We will take the corner of Fourth
has been a geat effot to keep pace gldes i no doubt is responsible for some. importance should, spring up 1912 for $55,000. In 1914 the owner street and Avenue C. In 1903 these 1111110 A a in t
with the development work. the work which the state of Florida, and Miami ,being ideally situated for ,refused $125,000 for this property, lots ld for $1,925. The improve-
w' is engaged in at the present time, a city has been the beneficiary of'this just one year and nine months later. ments on the lots today cost $5,000. d
An idea of the great amount of im-' that is the reclaiming of four million great sum of money. The property sold last spring for $175,- This last winter this property sold for I
provement that is being carried on in acres of land, which lie just three Population Inreases. '000. $22,500: l.U 11 .i rS jupjp l C
Miami can be gathered from the fact miles west of the corporate limits of Just a few months prior t9 the ad- The Burdine lot on Twelfth street The corner of Third street and Ave-
that today her people are1spending six! this city. It cost four hundred dollars vent of the iron horse into the wild- was in 1898 for $1,250; in ueD sold May 8th, 1897, for $206.25. DISTRIBUTORS OF
million dollars in public and private to dig the first ditch above referred to, erness, as Miami was then called, 1912 t' ... old for $22,000, making, There are no improvements on this
improvement. This work has been and it has proven so ,profitable that there lived within the present city a profit of 1642 percent in 14 years. property, and: it was sold this winter
going on since Miami became a city' the state will spend fifty million dob limits just one hundred and sixty peo- In June, 1913, the Burdines refused an to W. S.Witham for $6,300. H house Paints and V arnis es
and as time goes on the magnitude of; lars when it completes its present ]ile. The total number of people liv- offer of $37,500 for just one-half for The corner of Seventh street and
the development increases. project. ing in the territory today is twenty- this property. Avenue D sold in 1904 for $600. This
The writer remembers very well in City's Natural Resources. six thousand. The 25 feet occupied by R. W. lot is 50x150 'feet. It was resold this U son's W all Board
'98 when three men engaged in farm- This shows an increase of sixteen Rhodes on Twelfth street m 1899, sold winter for $18,000. The improve-
ing at that time, realizing the fertility 'In '96 there was less than fifty acres thousand two hundred -and fifty per for $3,900. In 1913.this same proper- ments on this lot consist of a $3,000 AUTO PAINTS AND MARINE PAINTS
of the rand subject to overflow, under-| planted in vegetables and no citrus cent. Or there are just one hundred ty, without any additional improve- building, making a profit of $14,400 in
took to dig a ditch some three feet' fruits. The season of 1915 there were and sixty-two times as many. people ments sold for $25,000, or $21,100 pro- thirteen years, or a little over $1,000 G. F. COMPOUND WATERPROOFING FOR CEMENT
wide and two to four feet deep around more than five thousand acres in Dade living in i:lir today as there were fit in 14 years. a year. WA
twenty years ago. T pieces of property on Twelfth The corner .f Tenth street and Ave- Coach colors in Japan, colors in Oil, Dry Colors, PuttT,
...-- ----. ______------- \Realty Gorwth Amazing. street changed hands recently which nue D sold in Dill for $600. A build- La c Trpni lor l a ur
SThe increase in real estate values yieMed a profit of nearly 4200 percent. ing was erected on these premises to Lead, Zinc, Turpentine, Floor Oil, Wood and Denatured
Service--Com fort has been more amazing. In 1897 the The pl"e,'ty question being the lot cost $10,000, making a total invest- Alcohol, Linseed Oil.
assessed valuation of the city of Miami where is now being erected the Fidel- ment of $10,600. This property was
MW ork manship ---Econo y was thirty thousand dollars. Today ity Bank & Trust Company building. sold this winter for $40,000 cash, FISH IN G T A CK LE
liaP '- it is twenty-one millions dollars, or February 7, 1901, this lot was sold for showing an increase in value of A C L
seventy thousand per cent greater, or $765. A 1.uil;oJr- costing $10,000 was 400 in fourteen years, or a little bet-
ARE COMBINED IN ALL OF OUR WORK. seven hundred times larger, erected on thi lot. The bank pur- ter than $2,000 a year.
RVI The fortunes which have been made chased this lot, paying $50,000 for The corner of Seventh street and '
SERVICE-We call for and deliver work. in 'Miami real estate sound like the same making an increase in 15 years Avenue D s: Id in 1906 for $1,080.- It Our stocks include the best known brands of paints, var-
COMFORT-Work done right. tales of the great Klondyke. for the property of $39,235, of a little has been resold for $53,000; the im- nishes, etc., and we will at any time secure any special
WORKMANSHIP-Only skilled shoe men employed. Twelfth Street Figures. better than $2,000 a year increase. provements on the lot cost $25,000, or brands desired that we do not regularly handle in stock.
ECONOMY-Prices are the lowest. The lot upon which stands the The corner of Twelfth street and increase in value of $28,000 in ten
Whyne building was sold .this spring Avenue B, opposite the Halcyon hotel, years or $2,800 a year.
Prt Sho e H p alfor $75,000. In 1904 this lot was sold was T hv' I. in 1899 by Dr. Jack- The corner of Eleventh street and _____ S minole
S by the Fort Dallas Company for son for $2,000. This property is one Avenue C, just south of the federal Sem_1ole
H1200. hundred and fifty feet on Avenue B building, in 1902 was sold for $900.
906Avenue D Phone 706-R Foe a umber of years thislot, as by onehundred feeton Twelfth street. In 1906 it was resold for $9,000. In Paint and Builders Supply Co.
906 _AvenueDPhone_706_R___Forwell as all prope rty west of Avenue A few weeks ago'Dr. Jackson leased 1914 112 1-2 feet of this property
D, remained vacant, until the late this ,l-. ert., to Hickson and Weithner was sold for $67,250 and $24,000 was G. A. McKINNON, DISTRIBUTOR
James P. McQuaide, of Philadelphia, for twenty years at $6,000 per year. asked for the remaining 37 1-2 feet,
got control of it and erected the pres- Dr. Jackson considers the property making the total value of the lot $87,- Waddell Block 1104 Avenue D Phone 679
ent building, using it, however, as an worth. $100,000, and figured the rental 000. The improvements consisting of /
Th Ba opera house. The' present owners at six per cent. The leasees erected a $12,000 I.uJllril-. making $68,000 ,i
gIhave converted it into an office build- a building costing $40,000 on this strip for the land. or an increase in value -
S ing. The building :at thetime Mr. of 1. .1 The doctor will receive three
McQuaide erected itis said to have hundred .percent on his investment .
,_M_ ..... cost around thirty thousand dollars, every year for twenty years. The
arid assuming these figures are cor- total ent he will receive will net him
established 1865) reL,. it has yielded an increase of -".- ,1 .. -hundred and eighteen
fs i$43,000.00 since 1904, tinrte-n years, tht.-:uLrI ,1,ill r besides still owning R Ir B
CHARLESTON, S. C. TAMPA, FLA. or a little over three thousand a year, the land.
JACKSONVILLE, FLA. MIAMI, FLA. besides the income from the build- The Business Center.
gLA. AninhU) instance of the enormous
The lot adjoining the Wayne build- increase in Miami real estate, is prop- S ,
-- W HOLESALE-- ing was recently purchased, (in Octo- erty on Twelfth street, between Ave-
hnues C and D. There are ten lots | :\
ber, 1917) for a sum of $47,000.00, asftbo hne doyet
i. i.rll ie. l there are no improvements to speak fifty by one hundred and forty feet on
g of on this lot, the increase in the the north side of this stVreet and ten.Ik
M ci Un ry m i Supplies AiUIg value of the land represents the pro- 'ts fifty by one hundred and twenty .'
fit. This lot was sold in 1904 by the .:.t on the south side. The last
SM at ral Fort Dallas Land Company for $1350, sale from the F.., t Dallas Land Com-
Supplies. Roofing M aerial which means that it has increased in pany (wh owned these lots at that
value one hundred percent, in round time) was in 1902. This company s ld.
figures, every year since its first these lots to different individuals for \,
'IRRIGATING SUPPLIES-DREDGE sae ,ti dthar nineteen thousand ,dollars. Today its
SUPPLIES ers will erect a modern hotel on this assessed valuation is over eight hun-
UPLIES lot next spring. dred thousand dollars for the ground, ''
Another property which has shown a and the improvements on these lots
remarkable increase in value is the bring it up to a million. However, a
BOILERS, ENGINES ANGLES, CHANNELS lot seventy-five feet east of Avenue C fifty-foot lot located in that district
PUMPS, FITTINGS BEAMS, IRON on Twelfth street. This lot is twenty- could not be purchased: at that rate, GREAT WESTERN W HEEL STORE, LOCK AND KEY SPECIALISTS
VALVES, PACKING STEEL, CABLES five feet by one hundred and forty which is fifty thousand dollars per lot 818 Avenue D A. H. ROSS, PROP. Phone 423
ROPE, TOOLS PIPE, STEAM and is part of a fifty foot lot which of fifty feet.
sold in 1901 for $1500, making the First National Corner.
TRUCK TRAILERS WATER, GAS cost of this lot $750. Last winter The corner where the Firest National
Messrs. Tatum Brothers purchased this Bank building is located -ras pur-
loState Distributors For Carey Roofing t paying twenty-five thousand dol- hased in 1901 for $3,000 by Anthony
lars.' The improvement consist of a Brothers. There were two lots em-
Materials one-story frame building valued not braced in this purchase. Anthony T ONIY EXCLUSIVE HAT ER IN MIAMI
more than two thousand dollars. As Brothers sold fifty feet of the east
the income has more than paid for the side of this lot to Mr. Shanahan, of
Detroit, Mich., who in turn sold it to
Mrs. E. A. Rickmers. The First Na-
tional Bank purchased: fifty by ninety HW
feet of the corner lot and erected its
building thereon. Mr. W. C. Maynard
purchased the remaining sixty feet DIRECT IMPORTERS AND FINISHERS OF ,
SFirst National Bank paid twenty-five
Cthousand dollars for twenty-five feet
thousands dollars for the remaining PA N A M A A TS
sixty feet of the lot facing Avenue
SC, making a total of sixty-one thous-
rrtand dollars for less than one-half of New Fall Shapes in
If we allow no additional value to the Felt and Stiff Hats
corner lot, which by the way,. is one F an t H
of the most prominent corners in

today $135,540, exclusive of improve- will find our stock of PANAMA HATS
ments. Gpthe largest and finest in the city. We
.. other wonderful increase in value. The are direct importers and finishers, the
first sale of record shows that this quality the best and our prices most
r property, which is one hundred by one
hundred and fifty feet, sold for $1500. reasonable to be had.
This property was sold a few weeks
ago for $116,000. The present buil1- ,
ing was erected at a cost of fort5
THE ELECTRIC RANGE IS THE LOGICAL ANSWER creasehof $74,500 fora the lots. OWe Will Block Any Panama

To the demand for a sure-heat, dirtless, SMELL-LESS Cooking-stove want. H n church on Eleventh street sold for *
To the demand for a sure-heat, dirtless, SMELLLESS Cooking-stove want. $2300. his property is one hundred 'In Soft and and Stiff Hats and Caps our stocks offer you a wide range for choice. They
It affords MATCHLESS COOKING. No more constantly feeding the hun- and fifty feet square. As there were are from the shops of the world's best hat makers. In these, too, our prices are lower.
gry stove, no more striking the dangerous match, no more smoke, odors, soot no improvements on this property up
an geae.to the last transfer, the increase rep-
and grease. resent the profit. Five years ago the BUY AT'ANY ONE OF OUR THREE STORES AND GET A GENUINE
writer sold this property to the late PANAMA AT THE PRICE OF AN IMITATION
Demonstrations Daily All This Week in Our Salesroom A. A. B'oggs .for $15,750. This prop-
F m: t50 merty has since sold for fifty-se-en
From 2:30 to 5:00 p. m. thousand dollars, or an annual in- H W CLARK HAT CO M PANY
crease of ,.."':, for the twelveie W LARK _A COI
MIAMI ELECTRIC LIGHT AND POWER COMPANY 4 the lot adjoining the Prot 824 Ave. D. 1114 AvenueC NewHippodromeBldg.
12th and Court Sts. Miami, 178 building on Eleventh street, just two WE CLEAN AND BLOCK HATS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION
12th and Court Sts. Miami, Fla. Phone 178 hundred and twenty feet west of the
federal building, sold for $1,351.37.
Last winter twenty-five feet of this A

~ --~----sl_--1_1_1 ~ ~~--R31111~9ll---~--- -- - -~1~


TUESDAY, MARCH 12, 1918.

Only Merchants Who Don a EENING MAIL Readers in Their Stores Can Afford to Stay Out of Its Advertising Columns.'




*4* .. .4v *%*~'~t&~* **. -
-. 1~ 4.
-. ~
.-.--.. 4.
.. .. 4. 'A


A.'. .

I eighteen months be'

tre the above photograph was taken the land was a stretch of waste. Now the industries on this land, some of them shown in
photograph, represent an investment of $7,000,000C. anti furnish a half million tons of freight a year.

Interior of a new Savannah 'a r refinery show barrels of sugarpiled up for shipment.

Huge Industries Spring Up;

Waste Turned to Millions,

Savannah 's 11Modern Miracle

Port Wentworth, a Year Ago a River Flat, Now Site of fIm-

mense Shipyards Where Vessels Already Are Being Turned

Out-Yellow Pine Pulp, for Years Destroyed in Bonfires,

Turned Into Textile Substitutes-Labor a Problem.

Article II.

Don't think of the'South as the old South-staid, somnolent, unenterprising. The
South is alive, alert, throbbing with energy. It is not doing so much as the active,
enterprising men who are fashioning its future desire. They find it difficult to get labor
to exert. itself as it should. That is the main trouble. Despite the labor difficulty, a great
go-'1 lcli ne.le. 'J'. % a e-
Consider Savannah. The illustration i, typical of the wlold'South. Y iu may have a
mental picture of Savannah as il was for many years. Eighteen miles up the muddy
Savannah River, it rested on the south side of the stream. The cotton and the lumber of a
wide territory came down by railroad to be shipped to distant shores. Turpentine and rosin
and a few other products sought outlet there.
The Southern, the Atlantic Coast Line, the Seaboard and the Savannah and Atlanta
Railroad had excellent terminals. The Ocean Steamship Company had a flect in service to
New York. A few hundred foreign vessels a year visited the port for cargo. For six months
in the year'there was activity; for six months there was little commerce. Of locall industries

there were not many.
The romances of real Lu-l-iness
ro:niftimcs are stranger than the
romances of fiction Through what
seemed a misfortune the door of
opportunity was opened to Savannah.
Some financiers of New York had
-.;' interest in the Savannah and
Atlanta Railroad. The property didn't
pay and got in a bad way. It would
aive gone to pot but for the vision
of one man. ,He determined to make
traffic for the line.
Ten miles above Savannah he
bc'ught a tract of land fronting on
the river and embracing an acreage
about as large as all of Manhattan
Island south of Thirty-fourth street.
It was called Port Wentworth after a
Northern lumber man.
By dredging, the river was deep-
ened so that vessels of good size
could go there. A lumber mill, a
barrel factory, a pulp mill and other
industries were established there.
A bit below Port Wentworth the
Oxnards bought land for a sugar
refinery. Then one day in June of
anst year E. F. Terry, known to
New Yorkers as the contractor who
built a fair part of the subway
system and also constructed the
Manhattan Bridge, visited Savannah.
He was looking for a site for a ship-.
building plant. He had about de-
termined to locate at Moss Point,
Savannah men took him around.
Nothing he saw suited him until he
got to Port Wentworth. He looked
over the woods, the swamps, the
fields and the river front. He looked,


Apply Cream in Nostrils To .
Open Up Air Pausage.

Ah! What Lelief! Your clogged
nostrils open right up, the air passages
of your head are clear and you can
breathe freely. No more Inwking,
snuffling, mucous discharge, headache,
dryness-no struggling for breath at
night. Your cold or catarrli is gone.
Don't stay stuffed tu! Get a small
bottle of Ely's Cream Balmn from your
(druggistt now. Apply a little of this
fragrant, antiseptic cream in your
nostrils, let it ppnetante Itlroulgh pver,
air passage of the head, soothe and
heal tile swollen. inflnme.l mn,,-.,u,

too, at Onslow Island, which forms
part of the property.
Three days later he was clearing
the land of trees, sinking artesian
wells, draining the swamps, drawing
plans for two hotels, for houses for
a white village, for cottages for a
negro village, for a hospital, digging
sewers, arranging for laying water
A regiment of builders came in a
night and went to work constructing
u score or more of shops. Shipways
were built in an incredibly short
time. A monster crane rose in a day,
it seemed. Tools, machinery and
thousands of tons of steel came from
the North and West on special fast
freighL trains. Within a month Port
Wentworth was transferred from a
waste to a wonderland.
To-day there are 10 steel ships
of 3.500 tons dead weight under con-
struction in the Terry shipbuilding
plant. Within 60 days the first ship
will go overboard. Thereafter a
vessel will be launched every 15 days.
By the close of the year vessels will
be turned out one every 10 days.
That one yard will give 50,000 tons
:f shipping to America this year. In
1919 it should furnish 100,000.
. Mr. Terry has not been able to get
half the number of workers he necds.
He provides a motion picture show
to entertain his little army. The
structures in which they are hous,'-d
are pretty good. A company store
sells to the people at cost. A church
and a school house are to be built.
The railroad carries some of those
who live in the city back and forth
froi:i their work. A river boat car-
ries others.
But that does not satisfy. The
women andl the children of the
better planned establishment of the
workers long for town. Th,'.- want
ta shop anil see people. To satisfy
the a the street car system of Sa-
vamnnah is to be extended to Port
That shipyard of the Tecry Com-
pany is a model. There is hardly a
better planned establishment of the
kind in America. Edward N. Hurley,
head of the Shipping Board, who
was there at the same time as the
writer, expressed his high apprecia-
Down the river, a bit from the
Terry yards,the Foundation Company
of New York is preparing to build
fifty steel shins. Arcnts of thea nm.

riveter are heard where never such
sound was heard before.
Before many years the whole river
front, from Savannah to the northern
end of Port Wentworth, may be one
stretch of industrial establishment.
Industrys begets industries. There
are enough plants already to form a
powerful force of attraction.
Under the style of the Savannah
Sugar Refining Corporation the
Oxnn"' Brothers have built, just
south o; Port Wentworth, one of the
best equipped sugar plants in the
world. It represents an investment
of $3,000,000. Its output at present
is 1,000.000 pounds a day. With com-
paratively small investment its ca-
pacity can be increased 50 per cent.
Electric trucks, cart I'-aw sugar
froml- slhiplsid, or 1;11r. Every im-
'-,"'iveenieint in the refirning of sugar
that man has drvi -ed is employed.
Fi-'ill t ll' Sitatelt i pIV illt f ( if 'avaln-
nfili thi. Lt1iiii .-r ', n comma ids a ter-
lritory v ith 8.iiii.Ju0 ii-nhabitants.
Hlirei'. to..., the laior -situation
troubles. luiunbletil.0 ; -et all the male
w''ork.Iers ni ed.d. i-e corporation n has.
been i.:ired -'in.. ploy women. InD
adil tion T' ,10' men tile r-efin -ri.
njw 1. utilizing forty .ovimen. The
womenlll ttius La r hla\t lit.en enii ag-d
in bag i-ewii., cleaning and -iuchl
work. but i i' k- as if the-y \will
broad en the. field Papidly.
W hi.it r.a:, ultimately pr-_,ve to be
thle most iniiortant of all thle indut'-
tries in this district if a compara-
tively small 1 ,000l 0 plant, known as
thie Atlantic Paper and Pulp Com-
pany. This is a du i'ont enterpri _,
under the control or a remarkably
bright young chemist named M. T.
There are many thousands of lum-
I1.eC- mills in the yellow pine district
of the .'t-uLth. Por 1 i.gn.I-rations the
El'.l.-, thie awVdtlst alnd all their v.oo.1
c-x,:':.t the lumber o.f commerl e lia'.e
gol'e to waste. T1in- i o-cIlled v.a.-ti-
hlas 1ieeln litlned iii non.t.r ir'ces inll
orcil'c to get rid of it.
To protect thtIr mill.-1 the lniill.,ir
n men have had to put il conveyors0
to carry, off the stuff long .an,.c.',
so the sparks fr-om the fires migliht
not set fire to their property. The
fires, continually fed; burn year in and
year out. The wood is rich w ith tnr-
Ip-'il in,:.
l''ir many years American -ii-Iln-
tists have been ti\iiw to -nit the,
nation from this, gross waste. 'ice
the South considered cotton s-r:dI a
nuisance and burned all but -\'.at. v:':
m:e,-ilil for plaiiting. Now c:'Atton, -*, iI
brings hi unreil-s of millions .,of dollars,
annually, is known to be of lIch food

Scoith it .*-' i sto) have Ie,-n solved
Thie- plant iitr Savannahl is onlie of-
tli flI.-
The iiroc:-.'ss iMr. Niclh ls iiusi, i his
owni. That is s' cre't. So far a- the
public is coincern.-d this expllrtanation
will sulFieE. He takes the lunimber
mill waste anod se'nd it throuAgh and
through a chopping or utttline
iimachine called a "'chipper" until it
is reduced to a siz,: small enough to
go through a screen li. h -i ,njloys.
Then it. passlie iiito a crushing
machine and frnm that into the
digester, where it is cooked chemi-
c a ll".
From the diZster it coes to wash-
in ta laiks'. wh;-:-e the ch'.1nic.als are
wal.hl dl ,-it..t .... .. I r \'t:'d.l l- i the
puli i *,v r anl ov-r .:' reerns
to taki' r 1 ii h,- c,:i..rse particles.
W hen t he' I'1p i t S i..i ti-I l redutcd tO
't p ,..ip II I L i :,' z t is pr"' -.,- d i111to
sli.-ei... flldel, into pnci-.ages. and
shil-pl td i-to the lA. l.r 0illl.
Fiom this pulp a kraft paper is
inad-,i that is cxlraiordiiar.ilv' c tron'.
It is as tough p.Jpetr can bc. A
:;,'irt l.,f Ioard pa -,'r call I. mailade
that is fN r str'inifr and in ior? '-i-
ditring than wood. The p: sibiliti -s
of ita esemploni-lit are niS'y. In
various lines of buLsiness it it. hotnd
to replace wood as a container---widt
in some instance! it will serve bett
than tin orl any ithc-r netal.
The Atlantic Mill has a capacity of 1
sixty to seventy tons uf pulp a day.
It costs $30 to mal',- the pulp under
the present proceis-. Mr. Nichole
i ells hi;; Ipulp t .$71' n ton. Hfie is
not ec o'vel'r 1ltg eit.in s. tL ,. .'. ."
the turp-iititC, as yet. H11 's'ay. that
is not difficult.
Americans do not apprecia'he what
w,',., pulp may mean t, i this country
in the near future. To-day (;ermany
m; making most of the uniforms of
its soldier's out oIf wood plulp and
nearly ill tie el,:,tl-iiit of its in-
habitants. Our CArtlrids.e containcrS
and trench hats atr made of wood
pulp. Giln citoton and a thousand
uLther things iny be matd -- of wood
pulp. for it is almirst as p.ire cellnu-
lose as is Coitton.
The a Poiit-, are. to Inil.uit a i.a c-r'
m ill a'l.ii.ning tlhe i,'-,.ent 'u l, m ill.
Th,e to discover
refinements in the art of papOr
making th.-It N ill broaden tlhe use
of yellow pine pul.l to include every
department in which paper' is em-
ployed to-day.
wVhether yellow pi ne pulp cain be
made to displace .-pI1tlee or.' come into
compl.tition lwitlih a'-i' in paper mak-
ing is doul itful, bint if it neL-er gets
much bI.yonid tih:. stage in which it
'alpears tuo-'ld to :.a\' a clear fitld-
tliat ot f clot lie-. A. hI'. co- tailners,
t.ti+ng p)ap--r, etc.-it imean ls the in-
aiiguri'ti..in of an c-co'nomy nl f tremen-
doniei v.o'-t i.
It canl bI .. l in place .of cotton.
W'oul Or flUax illn un.-thllIT. It is not
so .ool, bult it is f.uirly gooil. In the
present 11,i',r i--nii .-- i'ita ,e uf t'-.:.tile
mliate l Iin tlie world it should be of
immen-,i-.e \al oe.
,\\"n:t i- of i[l',o'. i.pg nt>r''>-"t In tli"
ee.l..i.,iinst is tlat it. wid int'roduc-
til..,l m1i i ani th.- turning of da ast
lr(_ili.le-:t into- a imo.t valuable ilroduct.
It should mi,,I an a continuing addition
O'f liun.Ire- ds i.f niiilions of dollars tu
thle Iiation'q wealth.
i,-. s,--called "-i-ttrnal fice-;" of the
Si toth will die ',lit vwth the gri:\wtlh .of
the .'1,ow pint- pulp. Thlirle i no end
t o yellw ltie illn DIxie.
Vh. t it we '-hIulId I',. w:.c-ariilg yel- I
l, p ,-' .i 11ii '. I ., n tv.- I Ii hiats.
'- ,' i":L t Ic t i t zz'-. V t. and coiat.s
-.1iI:' dA.'.' Sti l;lti -.. tl'itin s l.iv h'iap-l -
IC (ned. G-cI ma .\- 1p-_l1.)lih:' .ou m u..tt.t
ri-, llem ler., ;ri ,. laper c.id 1to' t large
d( tSc-r. aind C 'I'i"-rmaL:. ia,1- no wo-I 1
pJullp c nlara.l..? to the > allow pine
in .-tirtni. l and g:Tiei'.tr l strength.
Nar th.? [DuI P'nt pulp plant there

is a l)ig 'barr-elI fu,:'tory and nearby
also. is a crcat 111umlber mill.
1Irort out f iall these' plants comes
traffic-- tiiaftfi thit reward's the New
Yor1: ]na1n \ ho 1 iU light tlhe' lani. at
Porl \"we'-t.. i'tl to, make l o i..ess
i .r -i ,.ilr.,ad till t v.'a,- ailing. Miore
tr0ni' 0 ,,M fr', to pl.ilnt cstalb-
li-i.-d in lie l:i.t twv.:- :. r :-Is t han
p, 1h.i ,- h o tltl. ii at- ,. ,iiI t it ip
.imll in ,ImIIai 2,C i.-iVl1 to whI li.at, will
Thi l t.rri'Lit r.y i. W i all i >b.- for in-
dl istrial .'te -rpr 'i-.' 01- J ','" tiI 'al.t or
l irt' blfh i :- ,iv.i. io1 -t iif the
retL'(', l t; ]]l lt t thrir p' .'w r froiii
"ava, n..l. Th itCs :n i li. 11p. The
N\ i .IIlh rI i"t-" ,p..In tih,: .. ;.f:l ? round.
TlhI'. lpr:acticall'v zr',- 0n1:., t.wo
III, lithS '.'. 1fn i thi 'ir p :t0' I/ ., I -I g S.
F Ul I I il.C'I -- ntlic theiaieLr ihan
in th.. 1 ,'r l.
r i t iI.L, Ii I- 1I'L I Ii lO I .' n ,i |t "'f
l..i i nl l.', ti1 1,i.- i-n'ta l lth.it i'-i .! -
\,-i'l',.p d I.. .',, t u s' in l:,,-:. til''
l .ms *- -': ...i i . i 1 t yl S ,
:I'"'"1 r -a ".' ; : t in l 7 1K it .' t ttI>- .
t.p .,F thi ,,tt,, .- l ,iip ping <- .i, 'c

~ __


_I ~_I_ _


Make Yonr

/LCua 1


~jb' -. 4 ..j~a

Amalgamated Oil Co.
Authorized Capital $61,000,000.
1144. Coleord Building,
I hereby subscribe for..........shares of treasury stock In Amalgamated Oi1 Co. at the par value
of $I.lui) per share. I subscribe for this stock with the understanding that I am to ha'.e the same at one
cent (tlo per share, provided I gert my subscription In before this special sale is over, and in case I
fail ard the company turns my subscription down my money Is to be returned. I subscribe for this stock
with the further understanding that I-am to share In the profits the company now has .:.n hand. I al'o
subscrib- for this stock with the understandling.that when a dividend Is declared that only the stock
sold will be entitled to receive any part of such dividend. The un sold stock not to share in any dividends
',.f the company now or at any future time until sold, and in case of a big nil strike I am t., be- allowed
to piiirchase toc-k at the same price as the Directors and President of the company and all its atock-
holde s. I Fubscrlbe for this stock with the understanding that the company has a number of producing
cil wells whito are producing 'i,. and the said company'" oil is being disposed of to the pipe line conim-
panies, wh,..e lines run across the different leases. I sutibscribe for this stock %1ith the understanding that
this mon'-y which is beng put Into the company will be spent In develi.plrg the company's 'rich leases
now on band and for the purpose of purchasing other leases and holdings which may add to the earn-
ing capacity of the company, and tc. defray such expenses as may be ne-ces-
Ssary In the operations of the company. It is further understood that all
sold stock shares alike per share and that the stock I am buying dra.- .just
the same per share Id dividends as that held by the officers and directors -
C a. Rnnarei of the company.


May Later Be $1.00

Wame .............................................................**
Address ......................................................*

1,000 Shares ................S10.00 10,000 Shares ........... 100.00
2,500 Shares ................ 25.00 25,00 Shares ........... 250.00
5,000 Shares ................ 50.00 I 100,000 Shares ........... 1,00.00
Rights reserved by company to return remittance, should stock be
-.-...i ArTr inOW. Don't be too late


p and not sitting at a mahogany desk.- I know how to
essin the oil fields, been in all the oil fields in Oklahoma.

I didn't make this a big capital stock because I think we
have got the lease that will make us a big profit, pay big
di'. dndas on our capital stock. This company has a good
rany m..re holdings and richer looking 1Rroperties than lots
of companies capitalized from $1,0H00,000 to $5 000,000.
I don't want any watered stock in this proposition. I don't
believe in selling watered stock.
Now let's figure a little. That's the way I like to do busi-
ness.. If she don't figure out, there is nothing to it.
We have a lease on 40 acres in Okmulgee county, being
the northwest quarter of the southeast quarter of section 26,
t6.- r.l-it. 14 norrh, range 11 east, Okmulgee county, Oklahoma.
Tr. tnrw soutr,.I r. of us about 4,000 feet is a lig :. ring ga.-
aoell good f,'.r from thirty to fifty million f-et. Ar..:.ut 5...")
feet to the s,-uth of us is another reported '" -neii'.mn gas ?r.
Toc the e.:,ulheasr of us about 800 -yards is a pr :.d'-:in; *.il
weU, and rig up for another. An.:,ut 6 000 feet to. the r. rth-
west of us are a number of gas wells and oil wells.
Suppose we drill in and,get a btg gas well good for 50,000,-
000 feet of gas. Gas in this field sells for $30 a million. We
pay one-eighth royalty to the owner of the land. That would .
leave us 43,750.000 cubic feet of gas; 43,750,000 feet of gas at
130 a million would be $1,290.00 a day. Suppose we only got
$500 a day 'out of it for a year. That would be $180,000 the
first year. Suppose we got four gassers that g '.-.1:. That
w.-.uld bh $720,000 a year. Suppose we got a 1.11iO-1.arrel well.
That w,-jld be over 800 barrels to our part. Say this welh
Tr.makes an average of 211'1 barrels a day during the first year.
That' $401) a day---$144,i')I a year
There Is room on this lease for eight oil wells, or four gas
wells Eight oil wells making 200 barrels a day would amount
to V1 in'* -
I not saying anything about a 1,000 or 5 000 barrel well.
Th.- irill In some 5.000 and 10,000 barrel wells In Oklahoma.
hee % nere the profits are going, to be itf 'we hit it that rich.
I have seaB some other fellows get it and take It from me I'm
going after it.
H,-w do these figures look on a little capitalization of
fs0 orm'?
i know personally some men that paid in $175 each in the
Cnline Oil Comnany. They took down, 12 of them. a cold mil-
lion. lrnking about $83,000 out of the original Investment of
$175. The cr.line Oil Company got its name from two words.
county line. My company got its name from two words
shirt sleeve.


Send 10 c for Each Share

Buy $25 to $100
Stock Going Fast. Only Small Amount. Price
to Double Soon. Big Rush Is On.
Better Wire.

For 100 shares send..... .$10 For 1,000 shares mend.. .$100
For 250 shares send...... 25 For 5,000 shares send... 500
For 500, shares sen ...... 50
Joe Mllm,
Pres. Shirt-Sleeve Oil Co..
1403 Herskowitz Bldg..
Oklahoma City. Okla.
Dear Sir:
I accept your Invitation to bu ........ sharesm In
2te Shirt-Sleeve Oil Company at te pa vare of 10 cents a
ar xe.
I understand these shares to be f(lly paid and non-assess-
able, all common stock, and as a stockholder, I am entitlviE
to a full pro-rata Interest in all leases, equipment and prop
erty of every nature owned or ever to be owned by the
Company, as well as all profits the Company may ever make
from any source; either from producing o or, buying a.nu
selling leases. I gst my pro-rata share of the profits.

ADDRI.SS......... ........ -.--- *-. ***.
No salesmen a"e seeing thM stoek.
.Von must order direct trom this a~dvessemat.





Review Given of Constitutional Pro-.
visions and Laws Relative to
Florida's School System.


Local Conditions Were Dwelt Upon

By Former Governor Jen-


Preemn;nentl,' quaillIE, to talk ':,n -s'hool
conditions, and tili tne u.inu.-.ii l *Oppor--
(ur r-,.. to a'idre -- 3, gir .t a,, it : .: m -
Do7'ed of mi.:n aid nom, aii frtni 'll l.dks
'0 life. f rrm r Go:v'. l'iii ,.rn li, Sherman
J.-1nin-g'- n id,: an l, li-.-re I t:[ rnig .i In
e-,e J.. .,:l-..r. Bl : .,.i f.' f rade a. .ll--
t :, r iu r ..
T nI1 ad rire-E_ pi,:. ,....;,, [r, [t.. I -,: r l ., ,,
ol lli 1 ni Jeri_.r r; E." E I r. 1 '.-ni-rmH
G-'V J,-nninr .a'.'inr;"-
"Ladjle Eand G.-irl-nr.r:n fitr* GrG-ih..,
cl'al'ni .A- n of i'e educiia li al e.:.mmi i.:V-1)
of rihc Sprinefield- Inipro'-'.-e nmei t ATola-
tiort. an'd Mr1. N1. A. Eriwr., trhe s-.: re-
,ary', a' a onimlttree ron ti.- a in I. -
tlin, uLI., aI little r ei.it a li n n ,L ltai rn '
Ti'.Y conlernt Lo atterr ,t R I lirl.- r-e.vl of
th-ie -o ir, i it.rta i-ral i-.ron l iao ,i-. a .t] la?- r'-
lating to [il-,le 1t-, :! ;.i-rLm in Fir:., da. I
Part.:ulAj ri., ai leate 10 Ibls mount. ;rnd
'; .', tr-e lianr;l.i c.r.jithi.:.r .:. Ja k-_..n-.
*III. ? i1i parl-'i.l'trr, th,- ,: uu e for the
Pre.-i-,rit de.:S In .': ,-l u ,J -a in- nti.
Ing to :'fWi.; lc .'l : there apparent l,.: I, 'of
nodern -luiprierh t or ,:, _.nool':" anIn
the la.?k .o t ifl,.-en1 r-"nooi l.iridings to
arcC.jo mnol ate It he ._.:h.,',l rnil .nri Of [Ii.,

'It a ill be readily: geern .liat trhc ulaj-,.j r
T-iatter ieeferred : t.:, wo'jl require a
rereater I nget h of tiIrne to re l-:.:w and. .]1i:-
CU-:, tI.i- Ir. r I- ,:.. i j.:. n rn r mitt:- f, tlit
in explaining of t' th efforts of tie ESrinrg-
field iniprovcrmEnt Au.i,:,clatlon to aid thes
scrool-. and prrt ilar there one on
Fifth 91.reet. which ls-9 an etlro.l mrentn
i of somethingg like "L th.:..tjand tud-nts--
h'. Ern..rtz o.ti-ir [iin j tii.o.e pro-..'l'-, d forr
,': taxai.rion, may ll1 Ior :.:,mre exTplana-
Iloit a l ,n; thes li ,-
Florida is pir ..r.- -, along a':l.o.:,l
rli.: and ha' ijr:n :3 lei ader oi tr.e SoulIrh-
err -rare ; an.d jma o i.ith *.ttlter tat-'
of the n .U nlioi t r rt inari r31 -, !it rlI
Ilbeailty h.ho- n to liel' i r i 1.e i-i sF 11.-I
tlr. re u -irer er r _,ri .i ,p-ro-.i;-te 'lualii'edl
reac'nert- in lhillinm s aid tc:.lL.iiert. an, I
In rrthe length of lei trni of e'chool p lo-
vided. This hat n ih.i n bn ib:;. alil le-
partm'entE Of go:,.errnmiellt. in fact, ti,
people them -el\_- I n ,'on .enrtlon aicermllb-
led,. when they adopted the larloije .:on-
stit.tilons of Flotida, have, froni the ise-
gnning, .-'hou n an a.:,r:e Int.er,x-t in thi,
pubil E oobol ysVEtcrr. Florirla ep"erind: an-
nually on her puil c schools, upr. ard: of
twr'.- mill-in. dollars. Thie ,'eh.:,:, upopula-
tion r,:\ws a ail oif .-. -r,5.i. c''o-rposed
t .of ,Lt.li. w ilte and 1 iiegroe.-
'"In I..], t[lie ?ionztlitl.tionna con'l nritlon trne county r--e;i'ed under the oristitau-
prioIded for additional. nmore modern tional dl tributlon Ill.9t6.-or a loss t.:o
sour .- e of nomee, [t. Lbe Jr:.ot-ed t the tlitt countt'. of ilOi3." There would ie,,
c ehool 0 yctem Among tliOEE waH s the ea- unidr a proper dl'rioutlion of the InptreI-t
tanillehment of a Plate ,?hool' fund: thi, on the -rat. ltund, an incre.- of somn--
fund derl-'t- Its revenue from the :'sale '- t, : to, three thlouanrid Joll.irs.
school lards. rille. and forfeitures, Second. That, notv. ithatanding the au-
per ,'ent at the ale of ptubl.i: la ds. a ,d tnorirty for sub-pcn,.ol dl.trIcts pro.-lied
has accumnuiated sn'rthiinpg over a m .'- i.-., In tne jonstitvition, of 1-.-5, wann .iatu-
lion dollar in this fund. In addition [t.' t.,rY' pro.':lsIons enacted] on this rub-le t
Lhe mlnelr trecelve.1. i.'iilih have like- a- earr, a" l's: and amended l In Sorrni
wi'te been inrse.ted 'n bonds ad eh as ari iulars during 1 tan I'd '99 ,and p'. -
a trust und, tite tare Ec'rico.l fun.' own's -i miv .orme other aimendmnent-that tnia
land estimated at t"o hundred thoiusarl i.ourIty ha rinot al\aled hetmelf of thre.-
ai.re.. the reader part o.f vhicli Is the pro' islaon., except tno' years if am In-
sixteentli a sttLons in trne Eierglade. formed L'., the ;ountp' eu:.uerlnten.-lent of
whlilrti, alier, rerlalimed. should repre.s,-nt l lIfI and 1Mmt., and this may explain the
values apprnoaehlnce \'e million dollar. de-el't of the school fund in tnlhs coun-
and w'it tlihe resr i.irarv title to The r -.
main-jer of tr e E\erplades, after the re-- Other Counties.
.lIratlon Is accomllhed., whl Ei-,.l,.l er Counies.
reason-,tly, I,- .-alued at a like aiiounri'- I The s- at [uper'ntendent of piulia in-
five mui on dollars, our state srh'-,It fund -trjliuns' report sh a:, that thirt'.'-nlne
will be somerhins1 to be. proud of. and r:,f th, then fortv-seten couintles eetab-
thle hrope Inttiated I)v tins e-tmat l:.nt.. and rralntalned ?ub-school dls-
inould attract tir,ren attention froni tne tii:l.t, lr.'nic ha',e t.teen of a permanent
tarpay rtr of FiorldI., aid tJioe Inter.- ':fara.-ter, malnta.lned ontinuouisily for
e .led in thre i e-ifarie of her pui-ll.- z.lool lte pa-r tLen '.:r teen year'. S.o:, e or_
i:'tm. le ounties I, ,- mania\ dlttrihta. At--
County School Funds. ua 4,t, ra ,r, ..,'rtee 1, Hiosn ir-
"'iotinrty .-nool funds are deri"'edi. a ie'5 lu ia 19, etc:.
froli .I -tl'rbution, of Inter.-Lt r-eel .ed on a I -aal i:r- r.5ituent for 1rl would
tne state .t ooIl fund. i ib t froin [axe_ at- ia'.e :.~ l,.i -l'i. tirn a. mininmumn thr.'e iill
se-L ed aeaiia t lite r' I anl perori al i .11i.:l [ [t. ,3 I'i:.;;J Thue it would r.e
p.rope.rti tof the various countie-, u...na'i made to appear that If this na- lIakie,
ite valuation rtEit-d tne county taXtas- 1a n a'.-rage for, say, fi'e p-ecedrin,
ee:-,-.r, tn-i nnllage Leilng detedriiined and l a .'.1~ E, It w.i:irld j have bee1 equal to 37I'-.-
i ei L.y Uie r.o,.rj.i of ,'ountr. commlisi~it L- it-,.
et, itpollOes cr a'situtiaonai t. -l Financial Condition.
tax. and p i.5-:li' ,oit Oth'e' minltor 'Tli ir, .n al cnin,:r tion of ithe lhool,'
,ource'-5. ri ..,u '.'il ounto .. . ,....Tn tI," report
**Thus II 'ill appear ithair t the i,'hooil lirnisr iie sli,.r.S a deti:it oi f $'II.:.'_ 'it.
ta e.' pr'.ip.:r are .ler, ed t'lfrom co'Jris... [ins atimounrt i- n a a n-lumulairon cov'-rini
andI diItri.:t sources, and nut [in, tlte ,,p.a' of ten '..-ar-. and riss nt year-
cit.-. Our state tax .:',mmi-.ion _oon.j I' hen I tIe i.'i ol r ioaid has found ii ar.
list. thefe .a" a nml--i'prehienliop am.:.ng solutely ne-. -'-ary. to expend .stoi fund?
p.opie a. to th, 'slou cei of .-ehool in -cho;l building., ha bheen -o aplir'led'.
r,: eniie. a'.- r,:ceis'..] a 'iu ii."er of letters r t ui, taking fion [thie fund that oiher-
reisarine to tis subject.erl. indliatLng that w!te would have been ,-ied lor nimain-
lt'l is.?i un.r- r i i"r ti ipressioi th at tl' e tenan'c-. and Invested in pern'arinett
city' pr.:'.i,!d some fLnlld;- i! l ,IJilI l ultdings .JUring tne la3sL onea 01 l-.
s.ho..01E. In this the-, ,ver.- mi-laiken arminlstrations, a cpp ,,trrimatel:' thr..:
Tue yon s itui.rn of lI ", ail.,i:or|tel in.- l'iundred] tlious ind dniiar iA T:,e'-n e:..-
legi slati-e to pr .idE i l Jil'lriion o-r peil'.] in pt-rnianeit t.uillin -, atid ii-
any mount' /into Con:.'.nleni chi..- ,i,- ri'. ments.l
trlets, and 101 tile eleiion linrntall' .i Management.
thre- e i oot u)l trusie rif. t -, tli. I~,i .' it T I... apaaeit that the .lefi 't
lue Of a diO t'h:1 vi :t,,ol tax '.n ''.. I "' "
in,.ilorit., of th, qua ud ,l,-eton a t e, i Ir .i, -- mamr ,na.e- ment of the -,i:r,:,;I
who p y a'r'x ,:,ii -ari ,- i ':'il l ..,r.i in fatr ,i .:,m rar'l.s n .,1 [ I t rstm-
p r o p e r t y s n a l l '.1 ,e Ir i t t. i' ,, u i .. ,h '. ,
leVy-Which shall not ex. ,.- t111 1. hills itiri. 1 ,i ',a' i- .t r i nt L ta !,.:.,,i'i
In any one yeat--w:l,_h i i..,iit-..''' 1,-' h 'i till..- i'iunil' -' xliii 1't iii -i- 1
Ibeen amended to n t t, rk\,- p l -1 'i: i I t,. a r niil ,' The i.ile
in any one year. The u rl iull i. l-- I k ,:, lit-il n in I :. i i

th g en e ra l 'lec t io n l ln, l In N o ..nentbe' tva lj il li a lt t-n t a. .t -
l a. = in i il l ]Tr ,-im ,tin' 1a t th, I h country an CO unies in Lee
n le -n i t n .' r.tlhe J I s.untr ."'h ere t'hee Is onl [ a tut n iut'
stt,, i d 'd 'iI'iiii,-n, t.i." tat-p a t i_ i t ,
ai p,,n ,etid, 'ri dtng ,adr ti i lu.:l,.,_' of [,Llirim ti-t.t ilir rOmnr:l' intus tlli ,-

tornds, and the. people again on ra thefyn 'tihiOle thn the pril,'iid lgn atho,,l
onventton a' nlihd, an,,] t,., ,-t- irlgehn b tey ther ar,,,r bare.
tars, and the, people again In na.l'q:,'lrg '"li-s,.. -, ,-.S tr' i,.-,r-c Is i..u In Ii.'.

in- state taxes to be provided from as-
,c-,rments c.ro railroads, etr.. and license
t',e--nor levylri any directt tax on real
-rndi persordal property: the countles- pro-
.idlr.g rc.triue6 from general taxation .c
rial a nl.i [peronal property. Thi; plan
aIll clio.h r., tie diagrams and tahbleM
;,t forin, in thi,- *cl.mlisalion' report.
tnil.:n v-tll son he ~'iallable, as t'l- gov-
crni' r ni or ele. it puIljllehtd O nam-
I.hl-er. forr--a ia-jing to tidi tount:, of
oniethilnl likr- T .f.i.'. per annum. Tnle,
o,'ever, I, nt a i. h.:.ol fund. but if the
fundJ rel,'.'e.l romr general taxe.s .yn
aC'iu.it o' uJie-:riminat,ri., it v.c.ul] seem
[nat the taxpayers will not ci:omplain if
[is .nrmount .as added t1i te sCi:iol
lund or Its equl,.aient I
'r"lul lid oJritnty adr.pt the .tii.-
t.21.i' t'.l d.Iltri.:t '. tLte.m and .asees tn.:1
r i,'e mill tai\. it -. uId pIu Vid $11t .;_5". per
frtnn.ini. SioulIdl trjne al!uati.ri.s r.e ;n-
creaied, v lorln is -onTernpllated rby tie
tax *-ornnimle-in in in t ti e-.:n.mmeTrdaton-.
[i about t.he rr.r'r'rrtlont of tie cict. a" -
e-nirment. the ain..iuntt "'.oIul, r-,,- increa-'-d
i ar'pr.:-'.lnia tels' $1i.iiii per arliuni.
Tnlr. ad-Jed L n tne .rE. ni. r'ec.p-irt to.-
gather Ith tni_- :irio.nit of 'sa ine_ indi-
c.ited, ma- t.- 'Jutilsjilte. as fa.llowws.
Fr,-i-n' re'.elpt' .. ... ; .' !
Si-rgr o0;' c'n.stituiional amern.]-
mnrit ori-.o iie,-d L.':, the spei.lal
tar. conminr 'lr.. n .r .. . .. ...... .i .f .. .
L'i-trict dte rrill ts .. ....... W1-.! 0
T or l .... ... 95,151 3
.nnualt main -Inarn.e, cL'h.i:.i', -

Ii.lebtedneE,?s ... .. . . .... r'.
i;..l i .,'. : [i' i.n r i i r plan ani
vy,' i tn. !r.,.ier..[,ir.- .'ui J iid e tak-n
._ar.e *-f in t.'.) .'--r;
"Th,. E adrOpt;n .:.f tl.:, lisitr.'r -chooi
pir .ould o at:. : -n'nl.-ie trit 1ltri I I..
r.i,nd urn .-lr iv ie ipro" .i''. ori ofI t l'i 'e l
ton.lititul ia, lia ahin.Iintlint, al-, a Lbond
i-sou- i:.:uld it:t utoz.ll;.. to adrvantagn In
tukine .ar ,of t'ie a,s:.'rnulatiL, iniJet-ted-
n-.s a n d in pro '-. [l-il -n ? f r the n 4 e'.-ie sar "
thin-'; [L at t 'li- ,n.int'. i? gzeata l In nied
.-f-nui.:- i, i. c- [ it' ed lI" thie stCperi'n-
t.enrient at P'2iitai
T]',n.7 i li, ,.-,nirl.-t '.riei'e ma,,' ai lea t
in. cit -:.,nie .f [le r 'iTfficultlie nnd
iei' -oriS f l' t e t i: i t, it .i tiire e,,-:-:' -
tiEs for hi- pr.:.:gre' an..] m.aliiir trnan..?
o.f i e s clih:.:.l *". ru. 1 ril3 nt,' t-, i rrial;.,
th.:-m equal i') rl1w a-"i:ag., if not of tne
', it. in Fl.:,i ,Ja, In ker-ping with Ja..k
i IvII'. ". pr',:. rez is\- sp-ullt a o-ng all
'.tiner lines "

constitutional amendments making fsIriii ... f' t o e ane.. ine of en. t,. i a
er and more liberal provisions .for thel .ur,' or t ie mame ohe of ere, an ai
public schools, have at all times shown rule othan in manyof thle t, ilEre',,,r
the .greatest liberality in behalf of the and so- 'on down the line s: ixrndilrirr
children of Ilorida. Not only have these "-;' y ,' lnesi at Ion t ireaslng' ct. i,
pr.: o in een mad o by (th legislative at the rate of at .t &n rure.I p annunm.
ldEparlrmnt of the government, but theat the rate o me dy .' anu.
state .,:r,,-,, i board, composed of the gov- Th'e Remedy.
ernor and members of his -:.- u..i.t. lepre- "The rpeloul tax conlinTit-lon has re.
sending the executive and adoni,. Irai,.e. potted lo!' tr,,n c.v'rnor 1t1 rtrItllnus and
depirtmnints '.:f the government have at- condclutlohi, ieonimei]ding among oth.-c"
all rlr. e- maintained a, liberal policy to- things a ,,ont'iLtutlioral -am.nendrmeit
ward Florid,as rpi ei :e -- a school worlk t he =tate :ftl:itile. particularlyy the the one mill ',ol tax front tihat of
superintendent of public Instruction, thb average attendance. to tno.:- ba.is of te
oillnty BuperintehdenltS and school "alualions by ..ountrle. ThiE, It wil be
boards, I-a'.' lnitfot'ly matntaithed much oiEscr.'dl will brinr back to the countl'-
acti'i. and liberality in the interest of the exact amount of moneys coile.-t.o,
ir, aid.'ancement of our school popula- and 3 consideredd rnot clil. c'i.Jultabie, but
tion, arid Illienl-e oui r uii, 'eil.-ilr.. fair, and will rouJ ce in this county. 1
"So that in myy aear.-n ro ino h caiuses estltiate. not nl'., in- saying ofl il.2i'j
of tin,, 1- ci.-i1i and increasing deficit of per annum nereitofore discriminated
the ash,)...I fund in r-iul county. T have against the count','. i.:ii has been mr.on-
borne in mind tle pr.l'. sions of [the state tenuous for .neari'., ten 'ear., thus matk-
i..-.ns4itlui..n. ncE statutes on the Subject Ing a total 01 esomethina kli.: a isundli-,
of our e-hotoi systems, their operation and tholiand dollar; that could be criargir-
results, and find: to .onetituuonal discrimination There-
'i'lr-,t: That the state constitution, fore if tr.. r-nt-mbers of the legtiiatuie
'that provides for a one mill school tax, from this county lind the recoommenda-
and the distribution thereof-which is tions. of the commls-tion acceptable. it,.
iio,' based .upon average attendance of cant aid in thi: -':ause b..- the adoption of
public schools-affects DP.-,l .:..unty iun- tne plan of tns ruommrnlslon.
fairly, in that it does not return to the "Again, the commlsilon nas re,-ommin-
county the proceeds of the tax collected; dea a new system of state taxation,
frr .-amirmpi]n. the amount collected in is- Which may be referred to here a- iy -
,al .,ouniv in 1911 under this one mill tern that will separate the sources of
nnstitUtlicnal tax, aggregated $22,591- revenues for State and county purposee'
* * * K *




Working Reserve Expects 25,000 More

from Downstate

WarV ed-10 I '* s o.:,itov Ltc 1w, .. n the are of
1 r-i *c r: lung r-.. rr. ' "I
L',.\ i 1. rL ir Er.:r pajt.- .)f jiI i'-.S r.-. v-ori '*
Il1r- fiar-rh Jirugriui rhb h.u ir r [rrorir-hi o(h IhA1 .
EUTy: -VLofIUNG REr-S."E. ." i L.LiOLt:
In the foregiin:: "-waot ad" might be ex-
pressed the 'all which went forLh today
from a meeting In the rooms of the state
council of d.:fense, where Burridge D. But-
ler. federal ELate director of the Boys'
Working ReseErve of fllinois. met with, his
advisory committee.
The Ame.rican farmer will be short
2.0 i0.0I' farm bands nest summer, accord-
ing togovernment e-'imates. And the
jc.3artra.nt :of labrr estimates that there
are jjust '''r's il o.? between the ages of
16 to 24 year: in the nation. So the
p:'lan is To mobilize this army of boys and
mr,. h them onto th. farms of the nation.
where thT., -an hblp to arrest the food
that v.-i!l ke-p the n.ali, n through the sec-
onuDi -ar O:i hl. war.
18,000 Eligible in Chicago
"'There are I.,l) btrjys of reserve age In
Chicagn," said Mr. Butler. in addressing
the committee. "At leatl 10,(k)0 of these
.-an be mobilized and put on the farms.
Then 256i,'i more can be raisE-d in the
-tate. In addition there are thousands of
bors engaged in noneeFential indnstrieg
Rbo can be sent to the farms. Let us
send all our bell boys to the farms and
ruei oun own pitchers of ice water.
Illinois high school boe'3 have already
been used suc.eFyefully on the farms. Out
of ?50 cities in the state, 75 have reported
2.500 boys who worked on farms last sunm-
S*Of 750 boys who went from Chicago
high schools In April we have the record of
4015 who brought back affidavits from farm-
in order to obtain their school credits.
Average monthly wages were $23.25

and they r ee.v .; tri.,ir board besides. TheLr
$wages torl.l'_d '2a.'l.ti ,. '
Better than Unskilled Men
The farmers b:r,.e found that unskilled
boys are hetter than unckillerld mrn on
the farms. according to Mr. Butler.
The plan il to orpranizheLhe bo.s during
the winter andJ get them onto rt'be firms
a3 early a- po-'ible in Lhe spirrz. The
moral anJ sanitary conditionss on the farms
where boys are placed are to be eamrnued
carefully rnnr wrat,:hed during the time that
the bons are worLing.
Every school tea. her in the state will be
an enrcollinr officer in the boys' working
reserve anod vill be supplied with enroll-
ing blank:. Every county will bare a re-
serve director. The enlistment of jobs
from farmers will be rjnde.rtakenbyastate
director working with the county r.ommit-
tees on food., N0l and conservation of the
Illtiais state council of defense, it is said.
Tbhe boys will be rmobilized in camps
about the state daring the early spring and
distributed to tbe farms after a brief
preliminary traininE to' rub off their
".greenness" In farm matters.
The entire programme iN undr the diree-
rion of the department of labor. The na-
tional director is William E. Hall. New

MBy the AS.:.c-,at.l Pre-si
PARIS, Nov. 9 -More tCan 5),'i:ii0 build-
ings have been demolished in France, and
more than 100,00t) more or less damaged by
bombardments ana. in-endiary fires during
the war. according to statistics completed
up to the end of May. Sixry-three build-
ing classed as bihtorical monuments bad
been destroyed. The total number of com-
munes that had suffered from the invasion
was 1.223.

." .. ...TI FLOI





Seventy-One Men From Jack-I AS FRITZ'LL SEE HIM

sonville and' Duval County _ONE ,OF THESE DAYS

Will .,Be Included in the'

Movement Which' Will Con- ,

tinue. for Five Days After

March 29-Quotas of Each


Jacksonville will send 1 T1dditlonal
men to Camp Jackson, Columbia, S, C.,
on a new call issued Tuesday by Pro-
vost Marshal General Crowder calling
for 95,000 additional men to fill up gaps
in the national army ranks. The State I
of Florida will furnish 506 men of this *
number. All of these will be white
men. 4'
The new movement of selected! men ',.,
will begin on March 29 and will ex-
tend over five days from that date. It
will draw men from almost every .
county in Florida, numbering from 3 to
11. The Florida Metropolis today pub-
lishes for the first time the list of
towns .and quotas as listed from Flor- ... -
Ida headquarters.. Farmers are exempt. -JO LHI l' p,
Special provisions as made by Gen- A tip for ybu, Fritz. When you look
eral Crowder are as follows: into this gun barrel, throw .up your
"The situation arising from the hands, yell "Kamerad!" and become' a
scarcity of farm labor demands that Prisoner the quickest way you know
low. This is John Miller-deadshot.
the -call to the colors of men actively, I John used to be captain of the St. Louis
completely and assiduously engaged in 1 Cardinals. Now he's a marine at Paris,
the planting or cultivation of a crop, S. C., pawing the ground for a chance
bIn class 1 and withy e to get acroLe He has.been given the
but who are in class 1 and within the -e g_ J. r ... s n
new quota, shouldabe deferred until toe ert rlileman. .He score d 2:9 points cout

end of the new quota." i of a possible 300 in the mr.ni,.r,L.' tests.
The local boards have been instruct-Andm Fr tz. le ar tnou. da like
ed, therefore, that the Preident di- ____
rects .that in filling this emergency call
they shall pass the order numbers of the need of the nation and not for the
such men and defer their call for the benefit of any individual. Therefore,
present, while boards should consider it a grave
Says the report: "It must be borne in duty to exercise this power to conserve
mind that this step is taken solely in and augment the agricultural duty, or
that he is trifling with the deferment
-.. this granted him, the board should
SHERIFF'S SALE. forthwith call 'him to the colors. All
Notice is hereby given that under citizens are urged to assist in making
'and by virtue of a certain order of this expedient effective: and in bring-
:sa4e .issued by'the Clerk of the Civil ing to the'attention of'the boards cases
Court of Record of Duval County, Flor- meriting deferme, t. as well as cases in
ida, bearing date of the 6th day of which de.rinterit Ir being abused."
March, 1918, and under the seal of Negroes To Be Sent. .
said court; that under and by virtue The chief of staff in Washington fle-
of a certain order made by the Hon- clares that within three weeks sfter
orable/ D. T. Gray, Judge of the Civil completion of this movement, all re-
Court o'f Record in and for Duval Coun- maining negroes under the first quota
ty, Florida, on the 6th day of March, will be called and sent to camp. Camp
1918; said orders being made in that Dix in New Jersey, will probably be
certain cause therein pending in the' recruited up with Florida negroes.
said Court where.i LI.e G,.eorgia So.uth- Only-negroes and EnoF- rh.,':i..iil.- qual-
ern and Florida Railwa.. Cormp:.y, a, ited for general nrr[,ary 'rvire. may
corporation, is platnrtLi and Harper be inductedtunder this call.
Brothers and Jeffries Departdnent Ad- Local board for division No. 1, Jack-
ministration are defendants; sonville, will send 14 men; board for
I, W. H. Dowling, as sheriff of Duval division No. 2, 20 men: local board for
County, Florida, on Saturday, the 16th division No. 3 22 men. and local board
day of March, 1918, at the Eastern door for division No. 4, 15 men, between
of the County Court House of said March 29 and April 4.
County in the City of Jacksonville, Du- The following are the quota of lo-
val County, Florida, between the hours cal boards in.AlAchua county and other
of eleven o'clock A. M. and two o'clock counties in Florida.
P. M., will offer for sale and sell to the Alachua. county, Gainesville, 16 men.
highest and best bidder for cash two caker county, Macclenny, 3 nmen.
(2) horses, described as 1 bay gelding Bradford county, Starke, I man.
and 1 black gelding, the pro:.pert:. of Bay county, Panama City 7 men.
Said defendants. Bre ard county, Titusville, 5 men.
The said property was duly levied Broward county, 'port Lauderdale, 4
uponr by me and taken into my posses- en county,
slon on the 28th day of February, 1918, Ca,11.L.1 county, Blountown, 4 men.
under and by virtue of that certain Citris county, Inverness, 3 men.
Writ of Attachment duly issued out Clay county, Green Cove Springs, 4
of said Court on the 27th day of Feb-
ruary, 1918, in said cause. Cmenubia county, Lake City, 7 men.
W. H. DOWLING, Columbia county, Lake City, 7 men.
Sheriff Duval County, Florida. Dade county, Mia di, 22 men.
S By FRANK A. EDWARDS, Duval county, Jacksonville, 71 men.
O Deputy Sheriff. Escambia county, Pensacola, 20 men.
COOPER, COOPER & OSBORNE, Franklin county, Apalachicola, .
Attorneys for Plaintiff.
(Adv. No. 1773) Gadsden county, Quincy, 9 men.
Hamilton county, Jasper, 5 men.
'-* Z Hernanfdo county, Brooksville, 3 men.
Hillisborough county, Tampa, 15 men.
Holmes county, Bonifay, 7 men.
Jackson county, M1arianna, 13 men.
Jefferson county, Monticello, 5 men.
Lafayette county, Mayox, 5 men.
Lake county, Tavares, 7 men.
Lee county, Fort Myers. 5 men.
Leon county, Tallahassee, 3 men.
Levy county, Bronson, 7 men.
Liberty county, Bronson, 7 men.
Madison county, Madison, 8 men.
Manatee county, Bradentdwn, 9 men.
Marion county, Ocala, 12 men.
Monroe county, Key West, 9 men.
Nassau county, er andina,'4 men.
Okaloosa county, C estview, 5 men.
Orange county, Or ando, 9 men.
Osceola county, Kissimee, 3 men.
Palm Beach county,. West Palm
Beach, 8 men.
Pasco county, Dade City, 5 men.
Pineallas county, Clearwater, 11 men.
Polk county, Bartow, 121 men.,
Putnamin county, Palatka, 8 men.
Santa Rosa county, Milton, 8 men.
Seminole county, Sanford,. 6 men.
St. Johns county, St. Augustine, 8
St. Lucle county, Fort Pierce, 5 men
Sumter county,-Bushnall. 4 men.
Suwannee. county,. Live Oak, 9 men.
Taylor .county, Perry, 9 men.
Volusla county, DeLand;, 11 men.
Wakulla county, Crawford, 3 men.
Walton county, DeFuniak Springs, 5
Washington county, Vernon, 5 men.


Cineral M1ar.siall Orlando, Terry,
prominent tusge,,nu and capitalist of
Nev \orl: a'nd San Francis 'o. owner
(, the Royal am iot,:- aud the man
v.l,'. dvded the e'iulluIle fair grounds.
prorpe't to the Lee uty -"air A ,.so-
,:ration delivered an .,,.e .lent speech
last uniE fonom the [,.ii on at Te.rry
Pnaik ,her' the Lee Countv Fair
comes t, a n-iiesi il (lre' tonight.
%General Terry with Mrs. Terry and
J. L. Nelson, manager of the Royal
Palm,and Gillner M. Heitman, W. g.
Franklin and several other friends'
were intere-sted visitors' at the fair
ground' last night. Shottly after ,8
i cl I': Geneal MAnager.,'C. 4' Staler
in a few well &osen words Lirirnselecd
:the distiigufished. speawier.
General Terr~ 's address follows:
"It was not my pleasure to come
here in order that you might pay me
homage. Thel gift of the land and
house constituting the Fort Myers
Golf and Country Club turned over
for an ludependent public- use, in
whatsoever direction seemed best by
the City of Fort Myers, was simply
the spontaneous outpost itng of an ad-
miration and interest I baie eptertain-
ed here for many years.
"The Lee County Fair is simply me
sample of the public utility of this
.lilace?. I kinll sure that the citizens
here,' ill have many uses tor the fort)
acres of land encircled in this park.
I hope you ill, as time goes on,
ej t helie\ how much joy it has giv-
e men- t.) ieZ. 5 it. frtildehip to
-. u I ti ; wa. True a ni loving
rr-: iiti is: all there ,s in life to
make our existence at ihi while. .
I ar gratc t ul to you tin thei City, and
Couninty and Soutuvher Florida -for tlhe
tidings of a jo: ful nleighlorly friend-
ship. You v. ill agree e with me thit
in :,our intnme'li.ite to wtinuntity [ have
Le -,l at least fifteeu yveats quite active.
I iha.ve at times though t iyseti. "a
Craciter,.' ut I lever 1 o tuld get oni
to that de.iginatiou of "good evening
just matter tv..elve n i:,,on day, aI i.'-
'Contiuuea on PAFae 1)

I C...iiAtnTJ from Pa. L 1)
li ,., :., t iicLLunts me for that hon-
orable degree. .
SI;it. you .dll know t tit fIl 'i
my sea wall activity; my interest In
deepening the river channel, clenui
streets, the matter of good roads
'o ds comesnie up iery naturally as a
steady complaint pouring in from
every quarter, which has continued
-ihtil the [, i;.'n time. Of course,
you all hear sad tales of bad roads-
I r-I'E, i. I. -Iie e the local state-
merts of almost impossible roads'
reaching into Fort Myers, has not'
giver, the proper earthquake shock
to the people here in Southern Flori-
lay. I say 'earthquake shock,' fdr' it
appears to me it must be such a .on-
.:,_ .i,,n: of lmp're-isions as will lead
t,.. serious and practical thirni.inc
i.,ackid by a determination to get
Florida on a parity with such states
as .New Yrtki,.. Massachusetts and
California, as.will leave no dubt
about the completion' of cross loads
leading from Fort Myers to the en-
ergetic city .of Miarfi which, vie s with
L-os Angeles in tnsnergy and 'dlevelop-
meni on all lines rpei tailnln.g to stanid-
ar..I r.v.yth '
S'"Fort Myers-is so located-and has
isudh .a wonderful tropical situation.
sfipported by the richest produ:rts or
a soil not excelled anywhere on earth,
that you must be, up and doing lest
you miss that opportune moment, or
:,i stated 'in the Latin adage,' 'op-
portunity hsc I air in front; behind
ihe F` li:ld. Tf ,MI f-i.'e heir I,' tie
f.jr:-l' k ou .i.11 bold hi-r, you let
her Tr: R-the Devil h im":,oTnnot.
catch heh-r.' Wie 'fieani by that thitt
the turn of the tourists has been, this
ses-3on. to Florida to n large eextent;*
but the? awful road., the destruction
,,f automobiles, the rack of nervese,
t.-: pitchingng when cars meet,l have.
ii ,: i-.- I-tr e'prii impression, .and
imnless positive assurance can be ei,-
.n f,:r iuliedliate rolie-f-by next sea-
son. tle tide % will be turned as thl
patience of the tourists will havi, been
exhausted, and other rEgions in th,:
united States will he turned to; or
foreign travel sought for hy changes
to r trorpwal place for health and
i e reation.
'It ,- not going to make any nia-
terial difference to me,.at, m.v time of
Lif. if Florida sinks below the sur-
tacte of the earth, but, you, who have
been born here, you; who hare var-:
ious interests here, and you, who
w-ant 'to live here, need easy com-
murnicjatin on go'rd smooth. durable,
wid: road'. *.- tliijt i_',-'..1 l,.ed can
be taken t..i anuthilate ditaunce will.
out i]al udiilo,.atioun., or ner'ic de-
structionl, FiLally, we urge.the news
papers, of the state to' work together
in this common cause as an a4'so6ia-
tion, the object tf which shalflbre.to
cut through the state from East to
West at the southern tier, first by
way of Fort Myers to Miami, and also
through the central part already well
under way, to :Mianmi and 'the Dixie
We also urge' pur Florida Legisla-
ture here to hammer away,,on those
lines in the. interest of Florida, to
make the state inviting to the tour-
ists and caratillist..
"We also.urge all road Commission-
ers to work for that end to establish
a circuit of uniting links, of a chain,
as. it were, between the East and
West GCoasts ..
I"To 't4oso who- hold exten.ie real

RM SITEL Pnge. FUeal MV... i

iate, and are :raising the wonder-
:.ti "..,rrln products, it means success
to y3:.,i In the :development -of yyour'
wealth, as it does in the happiness In
living in the state of Florida, second
to none In Gu.3 wonderful tropical

**If. perchancph I have radiated an
active wave of co-ordiate .thought,
which will conrnect up for immediate
action, then indeed will my visit here
nort ie in vain."
After General Terry had concluded
ii..i timeiY remarked he was loudly ap-
i.laudtd. Tri:n iMir. Staley introduced
colonelel \,Wlortr 0." SIIcprarId who told
of the conmmurjity's, sincere appreci-
ation and ,gratefullness of General
Terry's kindness and generosity in
deeding to the Fair ,Association the
beautiful grounds and he reviewed
;'ae many coneitru...tive things General
T"r .. has: done. for 'Fort Myers and
for Lee /County Colonel .hepl.h-,ii
made a fine addr-es as is his wont.
and e 'expre--'.l in an apt manner
what was in the minds of his hearers.
General andM i. Terry left on this
afternoon's train for New York after
i :.taiy rof three days' in Fort Myers.
From New York General and Mrs.
Terry will go next week to California
where they have a haniD.l-'me hb.mr
Their it.ij' IEta e ruiih i njo'..
and far too brief, their iany friends
iJsured them today



Entered as second class matter, November 30, 1910, at the
post office at Miami, Fla., under the Act of March 3, 1879.

Owned by The Miami Herald Publishing Co.

FRANK B. SHUTTS..............Publisher and President
F. B. STONEMAN....... ............. Edltorln-Chluf
EDWARD TAYLOR......... ..... Secretary and Treasurer


The Associated Press is exclusi,-'.:.y enitlhd1 to the use
for republication of all news dispatches crcdittd 0O It or
riot c.Lnerwise credirta in this paper and also the local news
published herein. _
One month ..........$ .85 One month ..........$ .65
Three months ....... 2.35 Three months ....... 1.95
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Sunday Edition. One Year, Mail Only ................ 2.50
Twenty Cents Per Week, Payable Weekly.
Remit by Expres-. Money Order. Draft. Fustoffice Order
or Registered Letter. Address- cunomirunicationi to The
Mtlami Herald.


York Cnr.:ago Atlanta
Lth Ave. People'z Gas Bldg Canidler Bldg

Circulation Office .... 11,JU Ed.torlal Room ......1102
Adv. aud Bus. Dept ..1101 Society .............. 178
Classified Adv'-rllsing Dept.......... 711
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Circulation records open to all Detailel ralia' y-1. i
accordance with r.4,airements .:.t Audit Bureau of CIircu-
l irJon, upon request. Fullest invrs.tilgiti.ni oi n ietrd-,
S IliJuaija of circulation and d trrilibutior. is .*n lited.


I-Secure Pure Water nith llunicipal OwnershIp of
g-Provide for-Sewage Disposial and Necessary Sener
--Deepen the Ship Channel.
4--Build a Railroad to the Went Coast.
f i-Complete the Tamlaml Trail.
El-Inangurate Greater Simlmnm.

Talking about the tnings 'hat are necessary to doit ti
leep us clean and in a c,:.di;tion of nsailth, is not alwa:,
a pleasant miatt,r, but ofteAtimes a ne'...r-aper has j.o d
that wr;ich is not en rirel. acr,:-rdiig I.:. its taste.
This constant reference to the necer-ity for some bet-
ter arrangements for the disposal of sew kge and garbage
is one of those things The Herald wouid piefer nc-t to
talk about, and it would refrain from alluding to the sub-
SJect so often, were it not that the question of sanitation
is at the bottorn of the city future growth and progress.
While condition- are not at all wIhat thev o ought to be.
it is nr-cessary for sonme.one to keep up the t.,lk until sonie-
thing is accomplished.
The Herald hae kept up the talk until it has con ir.-.cd
L- :: the public generally, that it v-iil be necessary to go tL',
som- considerable expense in order that Miami may" havi
as perfect a sewer syterni and as perfect a system of dia-
posing of all unsanitary matter as it is possible to secure.
It believes that the city commission will hatve. before ver\
long, a proposition t.:, submit to the freeholders looking
to the extension of the sewer til. tili.- innstallatloii of a
great septic tank and estabishng of a mcd-rn v.a:y of
disposing of sewage.
When that time comes, The Herald hopes and fully ex-
poets the people of tclhis citY .ho vote '.n the propo.Eisti.'n
to approve of tile rni-iasui of the missionissin and that
work will be commenced on the extensions ,a-d other
portions of a nev, .system at an early day.

Frank reference by Tne Heraild to the stories t.:.'d. el-'
Where, as to the cost of living in Miami seem to havr-
brought out considerable controversy, and The Herald dis-
covers that there are in Miami a few apologists for soir.e
of the extortion that is pra.tced in- a fiew case-.
But Jthis paper also finds that there are two .)pin;on-
as to the high cost cf living, held by winter visitors and
it can illustrate the idea In no better %ay than by print-
ing two letters that came to thi-i office in the ame mail.
One is from Chicago, written r., a gentleman who has
tried other winter resorts and has enjsioed stays .in MI-
a amL. He says:

I thank you for your cordial letter. However. n1-.
are well aware of the mary advantages of your city.
Myself and wife have been tL.: all the bett test coast
cities, Orlando and east coast plac..s. from St. Augus-
line down. and. in our experience, there ;9 none eeren
a close second to Miami. Many people who do go to St.
Petersburg and othef v.est coast places. are kept from
trying Miami by st:rie?s of great heat, hold-up prices,
etc. That is also true of many east coast towns. Ir.
our experience, all of them. even in Sarasota. costa
are fully as great. with many less attractions, than
in your city. Were Miami as well ad-.'rtised as Painir
Beach. for instance, you would have a greater boom.
Newspaper advertisementi are good, but all the resorts
can do that-and the stranger is liable to guess the
wrong place. We never let the opp.jrtunity pass of
putting an uninfornmed stranger or friend wise. We
lhave qu;t trying g Out plrhi-"' fcr the t inter, hating
found no place in hlic.rrinia tc. io:'ipare %itih your city
forr those ee-:king warmth sea bathing. grapefruit
and s.weet oranges in winter Cuon.equentiy. we ,: on
have our tickets for the first week in January, to- stay
the season.

Now contrast that letter', ev'i-ntly written by a man -'if
-inte-+'5wsttfl, l .-t-1 '- '- s ces: ard ha? s-b ri ci'
varefuPiy a to conditions in tue resorts where he has
vIsU.tt.d, with the following letter, dated ""En iRoute Miami
tf..T .cksonville,' evidently from a paity thai did not rna',k-
'ny investigation and that I-.robablh left the city before
ir could learn cf Miami's adt.aitages:

S Upon arriving at Miami, Fl:,. Our paity of tolenty-
) frur people decided thero was too much huld up ainonog
the. 1otel people in your city to E arr.rnt northern tour-
.. iSLS to stop long in your city. We can go to Cali-
fornia and l;ve for one-half what it costs in Florida
> -' UIless you Florida peopleI reduce the rates to northern
and tourist people, Florida -.ill he ithe ones to lose.
"--,---. party from Iowa and Kar'sas will not boos-t for
ir.4 your state, our only advice will be to keep away from
'._ Florida. especially Miami. Too much greed for thle
And there you have it. The Herald has alv. ays cont.ndedl
tlat the intelligent man who will look around til1 he
,. able to live as well and as cunaply in Miami as anywhere
.- else, and these tn'o letters prove, to a considerable extent,
.>-. ..'lO truth of ithe propqs.a*tion.
'., 'tid *., '--'.' -." a but theta are talking about
alid tibow hiw t1' ex .ess tlic l- e-i ei. arlny in writing
r abur.it onditonos in Florida The Kansas-Iowa crowd, ev,-
de1ii'ly." made no investigations, became peeved early in
thlnir stay and left. If indeed they were ever here.
These letters. tho.'ever, show, th.t opinion is still divided
and'it is up to MiamI to so regulate affairs that there will
b." n'- division on the proposition that ]tllig in Miinml is as
ital' as any winter resort and that n. extortion is eve-r
pi ticed here.

A rjiiman wrote a Jacksonville firmnt from a Florida town
:,hd ong fir a high-powered, noiseless revolver. The firm
nhillb hi the gun. She then went to New York city. entered
th1 ,.fi. e of a physician and shot hint down, without girv-
lig him a cl'ance for his life. Just how far is the Jack-
Esin'ille film involved, morally, in thIa rather brutal trans
al iiii .


A part of the stare pre'-s :e e.- t-. b,- i. oiE iJ.i a: bly exer-
tised as to William Jenni P' : I.in legil qualifications
.s a citizen of Florida. TLhe wrilcr.s I liif.r that Colornel
Bryan may be harboring a senatorial b-.,ir. Th.,: Colonel
is so well liked by all the Fl.irlian' wlio have become ac-
quainied with him that It would be no spnrprise if he were
to be urged to seek office in tlis t .st., atd a grc-at niann
people no doubt would conrsid- 11it .I. hon..r ffor Florida
to be represented In the senate ty a niiia of ile interna-
-t[bnal reputation of Mr. Bryan. Ti uiu-s lion as to the
eligibility must not be taken seriously in view of the fact
that first, the state law whii li iiro\;de' for a continuous
residence of five years was intended for '.uipet baggers.
Mr. Bryan is no carpet bagger.
Second: The references to his res;deni:e not being of
sufficient duration to constItute lgi gai citizenship are an-
swered by the fact that lie has resided in Florida for
eight years.
Third' The Etate law r ft.red t.*- has nleer been onl-
forced in the past, as in thei ca-s. of Congressman Clark
in 1902.
Fourth: The federal coiiEttiitino fr nd r--i,. the. statG
Constitution fixes the elhgibhlit, of United Stales senators.


I _~ _~__ _____~ _

For some r-:.i,.,n there is among a number of people
the evident desire to impress other people with the idea
that the law is not enforced in Miami and In Dade county.
And those same people are prolific in statements that there
are certain groups, certain circles, that do not. want the
laws enforced here, and those groups and those circles
are not at all law breaking men and women. They simply
differ in politics with the accusers. That is all.
It is easy to place the hand upon those who declare that
the inclination here is not to enforce the law. They are
those who, for some strange reason, have acquired an im-
plicit belief in their own goodness and a beil,:f ,n tne
inherent badness of all who, in any wise, differ in opinior
with them.
There will probably be no dispute over the assertion that
there are certain very small groups of men who are at
present attempting to violate and evade the law. The
Volstead law has created an entirely new set of criminals
whose operations, according to their own views, cannot
be carried on without the. co-operailon of a number of
Outside of that grqup, and their number mui't be very
small, it can be fairly and truthfully said that there is no
class or clan of law breakers, no group of men intent on
evading the law and its responsibilities in thi? ECetion.
Gambling, perhaps, comes next to bootlegging in that it
requires a number of persons to participate, and yet therc
is hardly any po2silblit.y that there is any organized force
of ganibilers in Miami who art. plannAng to break the law.
Nor is there any organized conspiracy among burglars.
robbers and the like, for those are solitary crimes and
are usually carried our by the individuals and not by
There is no other class of men in this city or in this
county who are in fav.:.r :.f tih., nc.n-enfore.-iernt of the
law as it is upon tie statute books, their traducers to the
contrary noitwitnitanding.
On the other hand, the east majority of the mren and
women of Dade county are earnest believers in the fJli
enforcement of the law and they are going to bold tnr.
officials rrpl.-.n-,bl vwho fall to measure up to their ex-
I n-. n e..r.s.
It is atsurl to. charg- tlhit there are ptple in this
c-.-tiiiinirnt;. who want Miami to be a wide open town, wnno
ranrt iliet ,l iiluor traff.t to be unniolested in this county.
It is3 w,.r. than absurd, it is a reflection upon the patriat-
ism. ih.- 0,al:ivty and the honest.' of the thousand' of guod
men and true v.ho are anxious that this section of tne
'tlae gain the ril-putation of being the abiding place of law
obher% r.g men and women
An.i iInami is a clean city. Dade county is having its
lav.' eniforc.d as well as in any Sec:t on of the country.
and the:, v ho delight -in charging otherwise are not con-
',r ant ,ith ine facts and have never examined the
The Herald has always insisted on the full enforcement
of the las but it does not tiesitate to denounce those who
in spreading misinformation on the subject, are befouling
tneir own nest.

Among lOose who are all dressed up with no place to
go. may be mentioned our old friend Emma Goldman and
her side i ick, Alexander Berkman, who, it will be remem-
be.r.:d, were American citizens who became dissatisfied
with things- as they were in ths country and who. for their
much speaking, were finally deported to Russia.
Miss Goldman was the country's one, lone, active an-
archist at a time when it was perfectly safe for that
kind of people to mount soap boxes and spout their opin-
ions in public. As she gained in years, she gained in
hardihood and in her latter days in the land did not hesi-
tate to denounce our government and all governments and
to ads\se the destruction of property and lives in order
to bing in the reign of anarchy, if anarchy can be said
to have a reign.
That was all very well in times of peace. The people
were tolerant and Emma was only molested oern In .a.
while. She occasionally .awv the inside of a jail because
.sle irsited on distL.rbing peace, but, in the main. she was
permitted to s .y what shet wanted to say when she pleased,
where sihe pleased and how she pleased.
But something happened. Tne v.ar broke out, and utter-
arnes thar in peace tine w.'ere wholly innocuous. became
dangerous. IIn tim.n, the government lost patience and
Emma was deported to tirat d.ar Russia where anarcny
had flowered and fruited. On- -'ouid think that ltiat
would be just -hat Emma elan' ei She had always de-
clared for anarr.hy. She wanted it to prevaI. in this coun-
try and she vor'.:-d to br.ng It about.
But. less you. Emma i1- just as much disatsfied w th
Russia as she v.a- with this country and she %%an.ts t)O g t
away. LUnfortunat.-ly for her, tiere is no place., outrde
of Russia where Emma maiy go and be free from the laws
she derides. She is stuck in Russia without being stuck
on Russia, as one might say
If there is any mt.oral in this it is that the rintei l StatI'L
of America is a pretty good place after all and .that men
and women here are about' as free as they can be with
safety to society. Emma has made trnat da.cov0ery and -;ne
it, making strenuous end- ri..orrs to coni, back again once
niore, to that dear United States.
But the United States will have none of her.

It is something of a pla'-ure to note that a leading
member of the Woman's Christan T-niperan.:e Union is
in favor of short skirts for women; that is, of course, not
too short.
She thrnk? there has been a lot of nri-.nens'e '.-tout this
short-slkirt business and wants tlie .u;., bo.iec to drop thu
subject, *.-r at least view. it from the standp rint at co-m-
fort asd utility, not to say economy.
Tn. H.-iaid is fur this good lady Shei has the right
rd.:a. BeSidef, this paper could never see what Dusirines
t1 wase what twomnen wore or lihow they woire it ,s.tr so th--y
did nrot, offend against the s.alutary ilay of de.-ency.
Sone few people irate ventured to sa:. Het tile kaee-
.Jisplaying go' i, was inde.cenit. but nooo:dy ha3 really be-
lietved that it was. It has al ways deperni-.l ii.,-re upon tIne
\earer than the garment whether it was iiidecenr or not.
Tbhe fact is, the manner of wearing clutling is merely
-_ matter of custo-ni While we may howl about the Amer,
i'.ian balhing siJt, it is in It-' plar..- ex..?tly a pr.,ip-er a.,
i.s tlre .lothing ot the DutLhi maid a'I ch-, we are tlid. con-
icts of somne seven or ecght underskirts, beid other
Cu toim nialkes the we-aring of the short skirt perfectly
proper as it will make the wearing of knicke.r ockers per-
t'.tlY prper if [tIe v.'omen ot this countryy s.-e fit to adoot
But 3ust the same, the good womanln who ventures to give
e.xpress-ion to tih sensible idea tla.t hnrt. skitLts ale not in
thliern elve-. iiprrper garmrni-ts nill rne.tl ic tible to stop
the age-ohli talk about w.,. _T, ..s j-ai' nt.gri .i nd iomen's
t i.ar. Tie jI. niitliths would] all li, e to pe-. ,tl of hbue-
ianis and the pi'rfenrvid mor.ilisr would lose his job, if such
talk should be abolished.






Hoover, Automobile and Tire
Makers Confer Here on Ex-
ploitation Work.


Congress; Recently Appropriated
$500,000 for Investigation of the
Sources-British Control Output.

Thile automobile and rubber IndlistrJ~ .q
VWere .naske- ysEter.ay by Secreta.ry ,t.f
C,:.mmrice H:.novrr to name 3. cnommit-
tr,- to work with Co'.ernrn.nt reprre-
Fsntatils In in.Cestigitlg the po-sbili-
ti-s of rubber growing In the Philip-
Prines andr elsewhere. An appropriation
cf $F0.00i00 has just been made by Corn-'
gress In furtherance of the Investiga- r
ti.n. by which It Is hop-d to make th:
great Arnrlcan rubber Industry event- 3
ually .Indepe-ndent of the British rubber
producers, who control SO per cent. %tf -
the output of crade rubber.
The motor car rnanufqacturd-s received
thI- rreudest from Mr. H-.-over at a con-
ferencre with him at the Automo-bile
Cliatrb.:r of Conimcrce, BA) 3 Ma-IllEson
A'.%nue. Thcre e mheto t 11 inenibers of
tIi, chamber and m.n'bera of th-e Rub-
bU'r Aasoclatlln of Arurries. Ile waa
r-eortled to the meA'tinrg b a commit-
te Including Pierre S. DuPont., Presl-
tint i.f 'Je-neral Motors Cor.oration,
one of the cruntry'a elx blli.:,n-.doilar
corporatlirs: J. J. Raskoh. lVice Pr-.:l-
dent of. the ramin -orp"ruratlior; IFred J.
H-faynoe. Prcsl.lent of the Dodge M-:,tort-
Car 'omrpar.y: H. H. Fnice, FPr.,sl t of r
th. Cailll3c M-,tor Car Comrany. an-
George NI Graham, Vice Pr.- eldent .of
the Char.ril-r Mt.ir Car Company.
To the i.aijing rc.prc-.e ntatilvIs of thl
rotor car industry who are tri.e moat S
-Itally c:.neerrc,- with the production *f 5-
rubb-r, Secretary Hoover outlined thib
scope of the In.'VtStlration mradoe p.s-sble
by their Congressional appropriations.
The possibility of growing rubber In the
Philippines Is c-.'nsl.iered great by some
expert 1ho have looked into the situa-
lion In that part of tie world. Partic-
ularly in the southern part of the
Philippine Isiland i are corditdlionr3 cd to
be ex-.:illently osited to the tn'-i,-l y"s djc--
% ulopnment.
Certain Solth Arrrfi-can or.-,ntries are
also ur.nd r .:c.r r ..i.rjti,:n. Ttliv a aid 3d
irt offer great pre, billtled. It is L-lii: .e l
that libU ra-l cCl.,. l -s l.i would bi-' :
granted by Ui: '-- :urltrh*-3 Ini v-w :-,f
the ben-fits to be d-I trti... Burma and
Ceylon are thi.:I ieat wuorc:. o uf clply
for Lhe Britloh.
TbLnrubber con3Lnitid last yiear by UhLe.
American automobile nlu.try was B-
%alued at mrior than $1.,iiO.iJiJ.JO), ae-
'orling to figurrs disclus.Ied at yst-'r- I
, aJ.y's meeting. Tllis ifn.Ilu -i] .'t".I.00 Gi
iubDu r tires an t..i.'ii.il.itIJ lIi. tub..:- s
Iv[ A ol,'ii: a- utori, Ili--,
lr a ,Je in arn 1 f r ,bb- a'r it e -.r ,-i, 1 to
grow I1. i:, a t. uhri. ti, i.r i. ; .,- 3
I, v.a s -a a C t it I i-iri-I. "u
ti. a.-i.,11 ,-iiul- r Ir. tlily 3i. x(.. t': tll 10
>ria lt'if a ?tii.. :. .i.iij.LiI.11 aijt o iulh I . I -I
Lbrat.:z ol -,I'lit t ile hIj ,t-A.Y I '
Aili-ril.an i Uilui ': J' l'i.' Ilg4 '-e i' l FthWe
estinmati- base-i1 An tI r..- u. rtl '.:,r
February, a eluks itr.onth,. 1.'l-ern i,u 00
automobiles and trucks lt.- tl0e fac-
Of the great nutom.obile output In
Arri'erica 114.00 ) car andi tru,.lk ver',
for export last 3ar. Uurope, bouihtl
ll,n00i pass.rngEr cars and trucks. TI' h
American pr.iducers ,uppPli:Kd 5 ,-1 r
es t ':.' the. worl.i's niital rs In I ':
Thie efl.::t' on thi- AmnFrl.:an rubb.-r
Inriu .try of the I.ir ", t it ..i--t t-.. *-in
C(r.l. ru'bhber V'W tM *ui-lhj t I
ltudy. b-,' lh." I.,l[ r, -- ln ... rl b r
l, rodu,-er- In-. it....l b,_i t. c: .' th,: A ri.ri,: rn
ii.'nufa'tliirL ,i..I At LI t r.i- Er l tie .11-
li al ol' l h 11 il- s ,'h .: i L.. ruLi-.r had
jiUmpsl t-) 3;'- -:nta i F-orund. f.ni 3
: l c ,ltB la? kt A i,-islt EuI lu3 i sto: ks
of rubber aninurited to .ui0.00 tons -
about a y-ar s priodu-,til'i--e' wiltch 72.-
'0 tc-n 3 ere In London and, the re st
Irn America or in tranalt. I
It was sugget,-d that tho Gov'crn-
mrnntos ,f thi- ruhh. r produLi tIn countries
n-il lit re- a [. I-art r.f' tt,. L.urpi s. tin-
d'r autl....rl:.atlun orf tie Eitl.i, tarritl
t- ,l tiler h il ol..r t' 1tl.r.l .l': th '

1' ,,: i .- rEt, -.I tOi.'r n -c .till ,I.* tO.-
_\r- ,i:--, n RH I:. L' A.ininiiit. i ,.ttrf Last -
r-nt h- Was a t etst liat tih.. rrtird-rn
d.nrn r oE !T:. AI.riI"In F .o- A'-iiiii3- S 3"
ration at tn- It.[.le-l C oLn-iodoreS



ENVOYS REPRESENT Lord Riddde Denies Being 'DISTRICT FINANCE ,I r l 'I rI:, l 'I ,Ii'r

t CHINA "IN TRUTH" Goen nt Age L A FIRE IR-i..i sm
(By the Ass elated, Pre s.) 1i el* er the conference Wgi s mak-
ecare Principles Adopted Will been atlng a s a ritisl Madden Fears Jones Measure le g great progress toward aomm
declare Pr"inples Adop ed Will .-, .anbe at nthe a m ..... re would Curtail President's ." ,-7i,, .o.ul b' n .
S Be "Srap" of Paper Unless ma,, diascaim n a statdntrn Budget Powers... .m
21 Demands Are Canceled. ye terday that he was to be regarded ,
as "an agent of tLie E

Assert Resignation of Cabinet Is he
Part of Unification Plan-Lead- fo
ers Working Together. see
(By the lsnocinted Press.) ti
Ie.jarrig they itlI represent in,
tuiina in truth.' despite the resigna- wh
tlon of 'th- P-kilng cailnei. the Chi- -ma
nese delegaltion in a statement yes- Bri
tePrda- declared tlait unlPes. thile '1 no
denarnde enr.rced b.:,' Japar on China Inr
in 191 5 "are '-anc led ihe principles
do- i ,opi ed b'," it.: Wallingtoin confer-
S ene- arnmouri nomi rtni mole than
scraps of paper" T Ie d.iegation
vr a informed that Dr. W. W. Yen,
mn r. ister of 'r-.reigi r. fairs 1id con-
sented to remain as acting premier
Dr. Ten lwas educated In the I.nited Fe
Slates, havig,, been graduated at the
University of Virginia. and served
for a time as- second secretary or the
Clllnc.%e legation here under Minlster
Wil Tin,. Fang Tihe staternert is-
sujed b the delegation said: C
In rep. 10 to Inrq.iiries ncernintnlng
recent news fro.ni Chlii It lihas been
said .y members orf tle CIi-lnese dele- Cl
gai;on .hat itiie pi .:-ceedirgs at t[ie
Wohinrii.L -O r con rlfrrnc e hlia e -.iinpha-
stied the deirep [hirouglhout China to
unify the country It is tule belief
that the unification of the country Ih
the sine qua non for an independent
Muat Hnve Central Government. el
'Withlour a strong central govern- 0
meant supported by the various strong IT
parties In the .-ountr:,'. It is impossi-
bie to avail ourseli's- of all tle ad-
v. varniages to be derived from the prin-
ciules adopted at the Washington
"Tiae central government, as w',ell
as the strong men like Gen. Chang
Tso-LIn, of Manchuria. JGen. Tsao
Kun, of Tientsin. and Gen. Wu-Pei-
Fu, of central China. and Dr. Sun-
- Tat-Sen, of Solith China, have been
fully i:onvin.?ed of tile- nccessitv to I
cooperate and work together. n
"f 'en. Chang Tso-Lin it Manchurira t
tlnatirally considers his resign tion re
most likely to bie afrrected by the de- ti
iaonrfs of the Washington confer-
enre. r
"The ,Japane.e delegation has de- vi
played and postponed the deliberations se
v.'ith regard to China and they are al,
. determinedly holding on the pri.'- la
ileges in Shantung. There is thlil feel- an
ing that the interests of Manchuria tr
might be bartered awav since the the
Japanese refuse to scrap the 21 de- i
mands aftecting the future of these I.lu
roviine -
Tnitilng All Forees.
"It nlust be recalled that the 21 de- po
mands were presented v.iti an ulti- na
imaunim, hut .since they affect the ter- Po
ritorial and administratf-e autonomy ra
S of in.' ChIlnee'government, unless the 'A
*'l demandF are cancelled rlie prlnci- cai
piles adopted by the Washington con-
frerence am .ouni to nitning more than thi,
Fcrap "1 paper.
'-In hn fn.-rnest-at.empt to get rhhe
crioperat'iion i C, all the leaders 'n ar
China. ie-n Chang Tsa.,-LIn de'sirs H(
t- Lo .int -- al. l nthe i...h6. t l 0[ .our'itr, .
There i.a a ver, str. ng likelihood atha du
* the other leader. especlal Ely, n icn i
S Wu-Pe,-Fu. nho is popular and pow-
arful in central China, will rail:. t-
the call of patriotism.
"Histor:y is in the niaxing and w'. e
do not lnov.: the final resuilis lbut .1'
this weut]o know that all the men In
China, both nigh and low, are thinik-
Ing abeut untr, .aiti.:n senri isly.
Nation Supporting Delegates. an
A fewv men O'l' the cabinet might f
b.e rniangt-,i and t [rt- president might
retiree, lott I a r-i rnemeni t Is only an co
Ind 'i. tlor, 't' r- r general 'lesire tI, ar,
_E ecrifi-Pe |i. r ional | .li'v rf-.r nfr ilonai c,
uniT an..i. %elkaiE ar
"In li' ina itbli, opin, onr runs s t
-h1igh t.iptt unl-s. na leader getIs il,
ifill support of lhe public lIe can not
S.oni r',tr the relnls of g,:."ernment ior
any length of Lmrn-. Ir n this maoenienr.
Sin Clina one canr ca.il; see ,Inat the
'laders are a._tualed L b'.' patriotic in. ..
tl%- s and tl..:,' are i lling to lel d
h...r oositlli.s io, seme a klnoti pledged Pe
1 a.1.-1i hi. has ti.e .support o lti. .
"' he ,'"r.inea r d rl[ gat i lon al f lie o
\\'tslingloit .orj' -r.:nce l has the con- .i
I liui.-d -upport of the people anol So
S what.-Ei l happen ; n China. they \, ill
rel'.re sert Chi in in [ruth" "

*; New Peking Cabinet to Be

Slightly Pro-American t

t-pecl*I Caable Dlispatc*h. I
'ekii' D 'c. 1r A lli tlit pr'e ,- i

liF-il'. to r- nit 1(m1 tii- r.-signamiin be
St' Lhe P_'liin[g ,abinhl el LI&ng Shli I.,
."' l of .V'-altli i-lio i, leading the i
,I *, liu..l.Iroa ,;lii.ue. I'- eap.-tL ed t,. m
rnle ri.o i., ..-i Frii, l.uilig an] his
[,j I a ,lse *.( 1ol ,rlc '-d fh *i ,,ritl e :. 1 th l
H united Sl.,te., l.hiolihgl L.ii, has In a
1 1,- past 01ts.tahles uan u.,redl tile .Japa-
r'l nr-^t. lip 12 ,i .' :n .r Dm, nu'. eq e ill il^o\.
Ilas .ery little inflih ,n.e w tl', the
The- resigrnat ion or Pr.'min ier Cliii I
"Vitn Ping l&a. leen i'p. ep d La lise
pre.-sid,-lt. anl Foreign iiin ster Yen I.
has L5en appointed acting pIremier.
|asumig lhal office thi nrortning. Dr.
YenJ ha? a .n.ounced tlliiat lie will serie t
onl, thice io nie days.
Llane" Shl, Yi's acpoiiitinc nt is likely
for two reasons first. thiatr as head G
of ti'-he C i .-,tiui. .li, Ue lie I a eo di '

nf1&li E0 furin' h iI CorJ. -ca ,-uboJ c a n t
% Ihich Gen. Clliang Teo LLin wants and,


5- Srr.'.-,r, M ellotn was Informed that a
Druggists are" being required to ob- I
dtain liquor permits before being per-
toitted to handle spirits of nitre, aa
mnedieinaj agent which er'ri. mohe+ i
infant find his a .soiutnd fiernan-

t'. Thls was ci. ,i Clrr, te I see, 1,,j -
(dreds of other "absurdities' which
I haI0 been brought forcefully.tosthe
rer.a attention in demands far
arelaxation of existing rules r
-sWhen prohibition officials were
asked to Justify the rules th eyner.
ly explained that the yrus hey niere-
le lated to fit the lawless," rter 1If.

the law ful. PR S rAGE.

Ban on Ofliensive Inutes.
SrSecretr Mellon made it plain yes-
Sterday that th~e regulations now are
r to be overhauled The rules owhieI
d go beyond what the law requires arei i
Sto be ". .,r,,e.1" ite eft no doubtire a
ol e that Pointa l g-.it,- layne ou
a is td' be insti" 'i:.' i:. '" r.; reg.yIt
Sulations that ,*, c t f, ,, a oere
to the medical pjrofesslou, and to re-
tail and wholesale ironglsti There
SProbably will be at entire re-arasr.
S lng of such regulations to make themt
conform to th reasonable requIre.
, el ts of the la aasw il ab rt. er t oI

ly explained that they were formu- r
I Taled to fit the lawless, rather than
th.i' lawful.
RIn | Ban on Ofmlensive Rules.

I- Secretary Mellon made it plain yes-
e terday that the regulations now are
to be overhauled. The rules which
f -o beyond what hc IL r:Cquirr.s a. N
'.io .--: "scrapped Hr- lEfti no d.)ubt
:.n thir. point. Co ini aIstorincr Havyn
Si L..- instrusticd r t. ,., at ri. i. i,-e .
Silarloiis that arc onfferi'h .. ispe.:all;
,'.* th-. medical p c.e.-ilo- n an.] to re-
tail and '.liol.:saIi iJi Inaig l TherL '
pir.--bt bly -will be an Eail iro i. -arait-
ng ir sueni reg"ulati orn. tor L mal e ln. (c 1
cO-jniorm to he- reac.;:iable require- t
ni ri'ets of rhe I& .' a3 it sFand-. MIr.
Mi-lllonas legal adJ vis.ei i -ri'e put to i
Sork at once uIpon h tIacSk ci o-f implu I. g
t ying the regulations ani iIf i Lril-
naria i-g such Yr,:-ai-srins as are be- t o
iTEX d nUr. t' ii r- ab-u lutie halI mo'y rni
nEl itlh the -Latui, ;in. tlie inriterLt Of
'c i; greCse. Mr. iilelloI i', % I E is tlhat
n -r in-rets ,-; sis il Itertl. di ,- no.. inCi'.[ l up
a ,: go as far as Prohibitor, Cc -inmmn-- th
a linn r Hay'nus aiid i \ ast'.3r-ni.L iia i
go ii In t:' Ii-c liILIr p.-irmlr ti l ,-
ers down so eliE-lti:.- that 1. OCLl rin
siippiies In anv' quil Ciy- C-, Ini t lI.-
gltnima-- riquirmrntrii.s i lis IJ ls
tIarn I r..)s, sibLle-. S. '-: r I MI Ii lon
s.,aid plan. 113 k i il l, cliinc.: d I n;
rIihe criari -E s ill L:,rrn- iIj W itlh-, rI-IjiC,

Haynes Urges $10,000,000

To Pay 750 More Agents

-' iIl L.j -it-ii(. r Qi f ii ,ujc :fl l.nal pro-
liil..jtio.n agen s ivill l p aci-,l i nf
Congr_ te. a]ipr.priate i .IU ifu.iIII) fI r
Etriforce nt i t ouf th- 'u l. i. l j. dur- 1
iri ,ihe ficail iir br l r'innr I n ,,x\
J Jul., 1. Pro I, t i:,I I ., 'lI .. r
Halii T E s Ie rda tV I a lil HI un i n I.-
HI->i e i p w h i.:i, -'1 J, fl [ 1 1.0 i1I n^ ,

where l',e enforcement 1of the eleht!.r
Seelih .i ri i' b ii-rl ii r,. .s j .'...t il -'
1i. of bciileg rs L a e.arru I
i' .'-I .:ii', e i, -i -i C i i:'.
i Dry Cases Jam Chin lcaIgo.
w | Cour t; Fines Up theo $1,elh00t-
e L ILth a-. a-i-r .:e Ili. lr.s I Crei% I ^ i.c -

.11I "- r "'a s ii ,ll i .ic i .ii l-
taca of bootlc.grs an.a delar'.Q tliE L

I .' Oni f .- i r. I-bi a, a in r i ;a

n.:-Wi ri ne:t n-t ill rhal

3a:: I if- i clI r.ij on (1i .1ii
Irt.r n r .n [ u -,' I ]o b i ,] l .-- l' -"
-' Be11- o l -?p.Fe m T Cu- ,, .-
r'L the .r.:as ,e ,t th ta r.did nlt
o-: l a tIIi l. n ,i c l l,,Jr- c u '-

,Dry Cases JaLum Chicago i

Court; Fines Up to $1,000

herr- , d [ ,, l a. --- h i,,t ,

.tr, A T-Iter li n irt r ia l,.':, lh,

I'W ie pthn-e c' rts li, (' if nliEY
Il:n l' 11*i r .-1, .:t1 r To d L ,s r i,' Cf Th.:
mr t sei-l-l Ilr.sr-.a tagg dC li a t
t'4 :- rid sor1 is f,-,r ]bll or. Charl, -3
F. C .1 r.. Unlit,, St- r.ats ;z trit al-
ornr rlI--:,-unc th,- i:i ei rnm lt
'1.'-a t.rrpar t O p rose,: t ,.- a e
r I;,i:e ai Was fell. ie l tLate did ri.ot

i n c .! g i n g f r o ml ] $ l i 'll'0 t o $ 1 1 ) FI

,: r d E r til d I} [ i t n ti anll ti l l !
aliIuarV, .r'u1 1:1 in Vt ,ase, ',ere' r

.t lrlrr-,' a s rted tie rhpo wr ,
". ptr .: ,t p e r t ,o c a r r o r r al' 1 -h In d
ear h ti e P ,e- rson I c.l i'mnC 'f
rLniL L l l untles5 the fi I Ol ra, I.-in
sarh arrans. tji st a e ccae arrive,
t., the supren-- (, urt off hiu s c, nten-
tir C eei-n r lnl.- y .u a O h- sanmi.e de-
aelind as allrI.) ceri Ill (aC,. afti r

T ... aut- iir..T. arr Ste,.i MaI.. r
streL Before Supr el aCno u_:-Er,
pach l' r I k I r.- r" e1 0 1c v : r ,
L 3 r i :. i 1 q i i m* I I t l 'i L 1 i l li i - ,l ,
1s u -i tl i- o p. r r ,. ".r i r ,' r i ,-

i larig' l, il r l i, C -l, i Li" -. 1!
hu-I' l. tr ir Ia_ il gi,.,', 1 uD im-
tliE EI, t- ,on. i hoT .;- i'-rn -I z.i- I
ii~- 1.;-ih a 'I i ti l i las r.
ni e TsI .:-i, % xrE .'lo-sed i'.-r' 'o r--
i., th i, o r -r ,if lj gi N.. I Ladi m
-,d it a C annouri eld tonisl t rhatil
. g .rer to llAe l i. t .ore ta r VIo-
t lAtion ,r the prohibit-on l. s v .11 l b.

Double Liquor Penalties

Before Supreme Court

I :i. r i in th. e r -,, r .i 'n l rla e,

!iiari Fii -, -.f s rl- i. If-'. a a p c n-
br.,.J hl Lb. E .ri li L Ck agi in li-t
i t ,i- r i 't I r l l i r rf -i ,islm : f t !.ln
'Fi'rt dIerr,,:r of P', i'ivr.ll. seeh-
t.C fi ida dlt!--iFlnatioLn of rhe ,tt-

-iS,, tl ,J,-u 'ie cur a!nd P, ltn, 'r.

U rL ibeon ls rr lionq u l.o ,, lr W th. i-
le$,! 0i n ,0itac. 0tir in New ilYork
C Tif i ,ernmriisI li i san i I-a ni ,t c C-C tl -r
cl's, In% )n re1al a t! ,r li,

ruiit,,:r :,1' m il l nti/r.i 'hich f 'r-

-,:,' srri -i-n - l. l .i r -ll;iig p "."h'j hr
icii T.- ,c'n e- l'.r,,,i-- ht r I-i..1' ai r < ,ll,:-
t. ,r ...- Ta-i. l C 1(11"rii frSi---, ill,-,tnr -

inI .' 11ar,.1.l ]92", ar. ,:,) t rin rlic

cr,.. Crrirra .ii a .month fu r-
.NI I thlre r r r sar.' -,, r l irrlc
- by t! ., i i,, ca,, t A liabhih n-r-
shlip un d.: r II 1', 1 T..,]d aLt prr,.i
::.:. i iiu I------------.:, .--. i o.: I.
li"-1j. oin i i i -i.- r.E. nth zc'o(
t'- Il',pltal; Ii ia "n-ni-ouri,?_,


Police Raid Premises at 1633 13th
SSt. N.'W.; iOne Arrest.
Tn a r.a id L,. Lieu Rl :.. S, crgr
Sullm s-. Ii. -vtlvca Pool and Burk-
:f t1C e Eighlirh pre liCt 13st liiLghit (i'L
h ,aus at 1633 Thiirti- n ih -rreret
rtli I. ? half-callon cans cro -
inilr_ t cr.rn nhi.ic l-. ia4 fa 1mid bc-
lath the coal Cr. an trn hi thii cellar
the p.re,i11ses. police Ea:,
3eorge E- i,. c2tlorrd. 2' :. -ar
I, The Oi u,!p3nT oIf thle hoi-a re. %a,'
listed and chargeded li t! selling and
aving, illegal p ,s1 en on rof ul h iky
-as hrlu rin a Ubond tf 5.e f-or
-arling before Unitid States CoM-
-oitoncr Hitz today.






Former Surgeon General of
New York Calls Law "Damna=
ble"--Says It Fills Asylums.


Crippled Doctor's Fight for Human
life-, Makes Cowards, Hypol ie
"of Young Ameficans.

A I _- (i I -'
n11 I I l 1. 1 %i. 1a . L .--r -~i I n I..

C '-~I I ,, T. i t*.... r i II.
~ *.L ri- r .h 'h-r. -,din.

I 3. ii3 Lar,2 l: r.F; eip. a i
r tri.- n 0 ,.,[-hr -,I -I -, L. -
t i ts n ,; -

I h ~ I. tia .'ig:..
I c, Lhs I .I ii o .'lr In-.k rIII
I aIII I n T r I r -, a' E
i*.. :rt 1:,Li:- qp.i: n,-a'
n T r .r I ly ,l t: 0 l n Ii rI rfl n t' 1 1 ,
Ili r V.- --Il L 1 i 1j. 1ilr 11 E i.1
a rij a r i. M U 1. t rT' WI- I :~i
.o ,X 1Er .ldl- ma 11 r :.d *: i.
Cal, Lo *rainbl.

rr. T f.,,:r Ih- i-l,' T t.-jIL.c-o
f]L .rI r 9 --.aI, a r I n h~r pr tI n g I t
I1,r:j~- ~I. Y. ;-4 b1c a;:r.ca1. 'in th1
.T ip,-a t C Lf cii L & 76 T r 1
z i I .lt 1 r.'11 Fit.:-n 'ra 't o t Tril.

n. Te_ rry e--L l,: .~i he'r u ~il
1.01' 1 in 1- r r, t Ikabl I LeU-Id
h a scI d I -f rsCu aTe In I, ed ftitt' r
nani:. n,,' r-r icrir. h tts
I n 1 Itrpr. I r,"i;(..nL .-. a-toy, ccn.d, I-, Il 1 ,ky

an !,-Irkn. rr thatn pmI&'
a ru'.na i cbolthre of thie- m.nlt.j
1.at-. a .r X L Nti .tihy li e le-. 'it
11-.11 z'ir- I"l -a 1 b-1 ih Ea:, sn aina I by
'.,'d ] n ~ttag'. rin Iid an .axniEn.

'i ni. pTery, t('. fothLJi',the It l.is ad
wh it Cin'n un nards t-'IL b '.ctmenrmh.
(n~- py I: gh aniI Lie-tastpaltes.n"f
istheaamii.-wystmuan n ar. otrnit a ex-
hutciLoh- rl i, afraidt-., mpanycodthirowns
1,aI ndg grn ith 1aubjLcI inq qallthaIF5
all-.r.a-ie.it haa terait aln-unoni'a, r10-
ai, iiith(_lk- forboexamphe V.".ta]a'
in pu ]a-."ri. says it in rT'atr. "it as

Lb 3 WIthcloa omoft tb, gA'erntL p.'
i d z.n "cent thr- c e itin i .t re'~Ly E.
i.. ia- I ha-;L' cen I:" ak- Ina % of ,I-
the ![r,'-a. o rr),,.Fja d s c

nien.k t -:. 11 h. Cor akthat t I~ aw s made
a Ni,sI: r -t-ointardsitr. I L'-a fanaeny ivrom
Lhr. dohighand crl or1thenirt piml-ont-
It11a i1artr'di.-s :~krds out for Ircm.~t
fc.id ha wh )t arid to sIa".' Ir otnii:I'.
nit1 n r,'the rot.'t te h ofaib ahoid
mci..r' *cftl.. c'i t h &ma e alothe cLirhnl-
jiAy round.f aspe abtic' rimen t tie.t
grih)Lle 'iUI-ky .nl3'tuedVr tleadattt
put a prabercnditon hie ad.ae

pLr o p v 'rr,,LUa ind -r, t viezI ni 'atd
Ta nr:. ith rti r do Lot' .i.-alnt receiv-,
tium -n lfe ent (-fhu ltman lt 'fr't.c
tel-u- alri r.: a I-,ns-''tt

Gen. T:'crryh(,f.,r t hatr the n1 -ri tsa n-
ant arI dlsina: .atm',.pfore ticrp.t-




re'r-v .r;r.n. tot lor it elgii.enl il an Iend-
minIL., mani_ est ion all si.de is dce-
atroying the very fabric .:f true
A t. ricanle .
Denounces Congressmen.
"While congressmen are cruinting
n,-ses. Feeing how many 'drl,' votes
- thev. have to In-ure themnaseltes soft
herths and to theater their. nesai ,
th ri isr tailing pliacc n reckl'- uorpy,
and 211a becausee? [his ore parr.r'atlar
la-'v is not sanct.irned, by th,:. Amnerl-
,. in pOP'I p "

Liquor Regulations.
The chorus of protest against unrea-
sonable regulations for enforcing tlh
V'olstead act grows louder and more ear-
Uetf. But a few days ago at a meiletlug
of the Philadelphia County Medical so-
cdety leading physicians openly corn-
plain-d of the r strlcti(us plated upon
physiclans in prrecri-nitlg aloholiLu liq-
vois as medicines and advocated action
to combat them. Iddutlcal complaints
have been received from 01 ganlzatlons
of reputable ph.sleiAns and druggists in
various parts of the country. The Secre-
tary of the Treasury is convinced that
some relief should be give. and it i- re-
ported that hbe ha- instructed his sub-
ordinates r.o r-evfse the regulations.
Invariably the sound common sense o
the Amerlian people asserts itself in the
end, and there alll be no exception to
this rule ih dealiki With the- liquor qu,? -
tiOn. Tht eightee~th aniendmantL pro-
htbits the nathf&A6ture ttnd sale of in-
totleating ltquors as beverages, but it
does not prohibit their sale as mediCiieS,
and the people nev'r demanded tucho
prohibition. When the regulations' for
thd issuintg of liquor pre-criptlons We6M
promulgated they W'nt bi,-ond the tn.
tent oft hab Constitution.
For monthls pr'GVious to the enatct.
nB1i6t Of the antlhb-er bill the problbition
eg6ulaitions lifflted pbysic'ians to 100
presctiptiOn blank-s each 90 clays, al-
though the lw specifticaly says that the
ombnitislobi'r sliall c'.au;. to be printed
blanks for the prescriptions herein. re-
quired anud he 'shall furnish the Bame,
free of coSt, to physicians holdiJg per-
mlits to piescr'ile." placing ho limitation
Whatever updit the niiumhir thdy maay
have. The regulation was an arbitrary
one, later legalized by a, provision in the
antibeer bill.
.Ocrletal'y Mellon is quite lusltini in
ordering a reviAlotl of the rrgulation. to
make them conform to the Word and fil-
tent of the law. The task should be in-
trusted to unprejudidced persons, with
neither wet nor dry leanings, whose ob-
ject would be to administer the statute
in its true spirit.






"4. Bryan Jennings, Vice President of
Realty Board, Working With Sena-
tor Fletcher Placed Matter Be-
fore Comme'cial Congress.

A conimttee of five from the South-
ern Cominercial Congress w ill cooperate
nith the Jacksonville real Ctate board
in 'stabbl.hing the sugar industry
li Florida. arnd to make r'-ti cr nniin-nda-
tionr. to coingrces3 as ir deenm iexpedl-
'Fnit and proper for the furinerance of
the 1 J-'ar industli In the state of
Florida. and the South."
A. r lution. passed by the Southern
Commercial Corigress In ac2issiion In Sa-
\anIahli this wIeie, commrinds [the Jack-
Bernvlle real i:-sate board for Itsa ork
to develop the -ucar induat y in Flori-
da. and endorse the roo,-eierment to
raise in tLis country enough sugar
-for the nation.
Sugar Situation.
The Florida sugar -wtuation ?. a
placed before the Southern Comniere'al
',-.nrr.. in Savannah by S Br. an
Jcr.innIgs. 'ice president of the Jack-
.,:, i'. ie real estate board. F.:rida's
senior senator. Duncan U. Fletcher,
working 9Ith Mr. Jennings. deserves
g reat crolt for this piece of work.
Mlr. Jennings states ihar senator
Fletcher remalnpd a day longer than
he had planned to do the work ninth
him In bringing before the corngre.
, Florida sugar po-ssiilitles. and in
getting the c ngr'sr to gi- unquall-
fled e'rdorernmenr to the niro'.clnent to
increase the production of iuagar in the
United States suffl'ient to supply the
country.s rieds. The- United states
consumes 4.3"C.s,: to r.1., or ,,' '.'.,
pouiiund of su r annually,.
The aoility, of Florida to rprodu.je
nimorr- sugar on an equal acreage and
under similar condition. than can be
produced by the beet sugar grToers
ot the West ,1 brought out in the reso-
Text of Repolution.
Following 19 the complete IresJ.luiirn
as pa-ed b the: congress: Til-er.a :
In order to produce raw material
necessary for the pr4ductlo.ii of 4.J'1j6.'*5'.
t.in of sugar conrsurhed 3 t).le ULnited
States In I'll It could r'quire ITr 'i.
b .et e supar farmn rs as against 'Ji.id.l)
cane farmers. anui the- number of
farmers r.-,:liir'ed for cane can be still
further reduced It, iniplenent poi' er
tillage and mechanical harvpting To
produce the sugar referred to would
requiree tNo billion nine hundred acres,
oT ve-stern Irrigated landJ. dhalued at
over $IS i per acre, as against _.i*46.-
6:. acres of Soujtheastern mucK land I
valued at $26 per acre It would re-
quire 14 average Western b,:,'t sugar,
factories to convert ,the beets r into
sugar. as alngaist 71) factories required
In the can- fields and the .alue of
the beet sugar linds required for our
domrstie supply amount to $4.-lb.u.i>.'
Wheieas: The beet sugar Indu.try is
ineapa.ble of expansion on account of
labor reqiulred, and the (ont means
oI metLIng the Increas.in_ demand for
sugar 1- 3y: establishing a ne cane
susa r field, .and,
Whereas. Thlere is a great area of
muck land in the Southern part of
Florida. large enough to suppi. the
sugar for Am-rica. and In which are
the state of Florida on ns more than
S 2-I1 of a., million acre;, -,hilch i_ now
being opened up a a. ugar field by
the Pennsyl'ania Su.gar Reflnerle JCo.
and other conmnani'a. and.
\1 h-reas: The Jarcksonvillle real
estate board has caused to be pre-
pared a bookle' rn the subJect of
sugar by C'. Lyman Spencer. and has
.sent over 3.0,1' copies thioushout the
United States, as an educational cam-
Be it re-ol'.ed, that the Southern
Conimercal Congress a',ros e of the
movement to pr:tlduce American cugar
for American consumption. and com-
rmends th. Ja.-.koinville rs:-l earaie
board's activity on behalf of the
South's gr dt sugar Indut:r.
That a comllnittee of five be ap-
pornted by the director general of the
Southern c:,rniirr' al *Congr.'s tc. .-
opr.rsate with the Jacksonville teal
estate board in establi.hinc the sugar
industry it. Florida, and to make such
recommendations to *zongresi as it
deems expedient and proper for the
furtherance of the sugar Indu6tr, y n
the state of Florida, and the South."
O Off to Snine treel.
Air. Jennings returrnt-d from Sa.san-
Tinh yesterday afternoon and im-
mnediately depfarte-d for Orlando here I
he II! aiteid the Swine Grov.ir. As-
sociatlon meeting in that clLv He
will discuss'tihe posilbilitie of Florida
as a sugar state before that pod ,.
and endeavor to secure the act;% e
support of the association In a tiate-
wide movement to develop the sugar
industry of this Etate.

*1.. 'it H a



Thomas Edison Also
Extends Florida

i l,:i r F r. 1 : 'L ,-it.ll r l i t i -
'. r a I IL I ., I I | r. .I. rt f l1
I.. Lh I l T-l m i tr. ]l i: [in 1.1 ._
1, '. r 1 l i '- r tu i hL-i I l,

| I in elI l l '' [ -I".- r I ..t rlc i i.-
P.l tl i. i r I i, l'r.-i I
.l I 111 1 'I i" I P I t I 1" IlT
I r ..I tl.. t i. l i d l l r i n .-' tier
d .i- iT'l I i H I i i t it 7 i1 j : 1 ih r
.1i, I th i* I I. I.* I tI ri. i n i -

.il" l I i i l l it' t t 'i .. 1 i
Sj. l ir l 'r', hl .a. Tu r 0,:h'-'] fi-
I I. r lT.i:.i l.... .. i ..r
l'.. l a' r.l iu :t ..n Ii., ', 1 t- d If ,r
Fa ,i .r-. .i1ip 1 T l. .r.i.n dJ ..-. i.i
[t'h ,: L ri.. l I'. i ,l,'r l -tl ,'ll , r l
i I i [ l ..- li, ] Lr,:l 1nn l ul ,:t
i I r j I : I. ir E t i: a 1 -i
t II 'i I 1r I i I I il I l i I I ,..-. I t ,
I : 1 ?- 't i I l -1 ,i t r o i I i r o,
i, -i 'A l l II' 1 li ic i J 1l 1 t I i L ll
=. I 1 t II i l' l CI i i ir ii I 1
il l, L i [,r,,I ,:rt ih .. l-,,h I..; i r- I,:l;

L ] I t I I ] i l
,all r .
L ,' o n1rih-1 ,, ,, I n il *
fir l .' I I' r I, I I ]] l l lI

State Police

Plan Favored

By Governri

TALLAHASSEE, March .30, (AD)-
State pollee to co-operate with local
officers in enforcement -of law was
,given the approval of Governor
;i Sholtz today.
I The governor said he favored pro-
. posed legislation to establish a State
highway ,patrol, with the duties of
protecting Ilfl, and propertL on the
roads and assitLing local auth 1i-
ties in the enforcement of criminal
laws Hi idea is to have the State
patrol co-operate .irn local officers
and not replace them.
He said he waited the new agen-
cy to. carry on the work that was
?Ibegun during the past year by his
: safety campaign and the co-opera-
:,;tIon given by his "office to sheriffs
in clearing up unsolved crimes.
He mentioned the arrest of three
men yesterday in a four-year-old
murder case at Brooksville as an ex-
ample of the work a State patrol
could do. His office assisted Brooks-
'ville officersjn clearing up the case,
.,he said.
Several bills calling ior the State
constabulary are expected to be in-
produced to the Legislature, which
opens its session here Tuesday.

ilit.r Ohio State Journall
One of tlhe great contructive
a ni.:rh m--npit _n- o Pre -,lnt Roose''elti
-* In ojrDO.'r A -eriou: attack on
the United States forsr sr.i.:e will
soon be in the nr-ew from r Waahinr-
ton. In trP houzk. tr.o- _'uirry bill i- H.
R. 5964), in tn .-enate the Kinn- bill
(S. 2740), and th- new bill :S -1!21
.provide for transferring th e forest
service in whole or in part irom the
. I- p.irtrne.nt of agriculture t.o th.: die-
i.aArtmen-t of the interior. Hearing-;
have been held and wl.l s-n.rtl. Le
In the department of agri.:,iliur..
where teyv .ar.e now, Inc fores-t
service and the national forests are
safe, and so well managed that (ex-
cept for certain spe,,al intir. ~lti
they have won the ,nani orr, i, sup-
p.ort of the nation. Tl.,,r purpoo:
I- to: grow trees, and th.-y r.,lor.
naturally in the departriri.-t wii.h
has to do with grr:.% i r., all : r.:., ii-
Tu-irg tr.-- :'rnpF rr-min the soil.
F',ure Er:.' .1 part of agri.-ulture and
.i so re-ognrz. tie world around.
Th.: int.-rl-.r .jeparir-irrt i- ti', real
estate :.'-it ., ir., R-. .'T.rnm rr, lt. It
is not 'i]e bisin--Ir ul. a rwal .s-tate
agent I'. .rro.w .-rops on forest or
farm. .: a r.1tr1.-t of fact, when the
interior department had charge of
the n3aional ir- t- .ir ag then .
were badly. hairndl., itat Pr.e--
dent _Ro,,,se.- It wa r.:r.-ed t.. rf. .-t
upon ti' ir tran-fer t.j i.h' le-part-
ment of asrinculture. Thie ri...-rrn
progress of f'.r--tr. in Am-rir dat -;
from that lirg Th.- r.-.r.:-s. '.-r ice
has little bjslirrie with it ." j,,oart-
ment of the inreri...r. and a h-.r ,t his
is rapidly aimini-hling. It has. many
times more bL.uinf wiLn lth.- Other
bureaus of the department of agri-
culture, and that busine-i Ik rapillt.
increasing. It is in c.,:n;tant ;n.j
intimate co-operation with every
.branch of the department where it
is now.,
The ,departrntnf of agriculture has
much for.-r v ork to do outside the
national forests. There are more
acres by 20,000,000 in woodlots on
farms than in all the remir,,ng pbL-
lic domain, of which the intr-ri..r d_--
partmerti hI .:r.:rp.- If the fo.r-nt
service -vf-r. t~tfnotfrr-d,. the deparr-
ment., o ..crl.-ultur w-..uld be com-
i.-11-r.] to build up a similar orcirn.-
Sir:-n, thus leading to more djrli-
cation in the government service in-
stead of less. For-,tr ." is doing ad-
.mirably where it i There is r'.i
one sound reason of any kind for
the proposed transfer. It is neither
good administration, good bu ine .-E.
nor good politics to undo R:o's-'elt'
It is well understood ir. Washing-
ton that the same intr.:r- rt;. i ti at-
tempted to gobble up i,. natural
resources of Alaska in Se"retarv Bal-
linger's time are at i- agamn The
best stalking horse of the n.-r be-
hind the g ra is tt.- -:]alin tlit
Alaska is -.:.-n:z backward. Th- t : I.
is that from 1910 to 1920 the -xt.,c.ri.
from Alaska have increased fr-.m I
$13,608,394 to .$62,469,096, or. -'; I..er
cent, while during the same 10 years
the exports from the United States
increased from $1,866,258,904 to
$ .?2?.An?-.307. or 340 per cent. ..lakgn
r.j in. 1. i, actually been gri-.winr
a r:--r t-. r the business :.t tr-
United States, although the latter
has r.:,:r. ;ri.r -'a l,, at a rat- irh-
out pr.r.'-derit ir tihe world's liil-tOr.
The national forests in Alaska, if
th,.' .an be saved, will produce
,,...,,- cords of pulpwood annually
i:.r *ll time, or enough to -uprply
one-third of the present needs :.i th.-
United States. The forest service in
the department of agriculture has
completed plans for developing this
great resource in a way to *:,pe-r It
to the public but keep the 'r.ob-er-
More than half o&t- timber ,. R.n.
already. "Only one-sixth of our virgin
forests remain, and they are being
cut at a rate that will destroy them
e-iir-yi before 25 years. Only a lit-,
-l,: mor unrestricted forest devasta-
tion will bring down upon us the
dangerous hardships of a timber
famine. The cost of pulpwood and
.t',it r i3 .,irea.',' proof .hnou ih i
tr., I:w.\ to whli.h the o'arcit, has
ailr.adv advanced, and of what is still
T., a-I
Little has been neard of all, this
outside of '.V'annirgtn Th-- purpose
of this i.'tr ,- i'r. 1-1i '.'u -i know
what is planned. an-d t., express my
hope that whr l.e" t .,l.a-ior, comes
you will treat the :.rop, al as it de-
serves. Unless t'h1 fri.-rid of for-
-estry take up this matter in earnest,
it nerrm,. a-ill r in ojut. Tf th. y .])
it. w ill m ean tl., r inr, ...( tlie lor:.--t
,.r> Ii:i'. tlh. r-.' k -." til I .'' r r -n'
I'or f,,rep-t .,r.,tecti.n in A.mr-r.a arnd
hiigr- pri.-' lo f-r [._r-.-t Prr.,dLct- -f
es,.:v kind. It 'oul. l :-.-em 1.:. b- the
wrorg time to take ta.r,,:.--- Witr,
f.,hr- lri lust now. wnen e:-%er. re-..r-
,a.-ad.-d cit.znr knows that will the
Lrnrmot .- ar., -ar. hardly e- cape
mo-t srlous trouble from the ,
nautl.:n ,of -.ur foremt supplle-.
Philadtlphia, Dl.:-. 31.




Jacksonville Engineer /
to Have Charge of A->

Br. .. i ''r. l c ll l- '1,": oi" C l
S... .. -1111> .,t th e i ..:,. -_ 1:.
H i ll- In.I ,: I in l'. I [ i t
I. ,..- ', .lpl.i.l',, -" 'liii' 'Ar r' t chiaT' .,-
i ari I Ii ri- c'i LI ai '

-A l l .li i .. ,f il.l. lll u rr, .utl .. .i
Ib 1 '..* rr, tt tI t I c :.u t, .'v '..
. ~ ~. 1 ;r. c .II t i
.C T l,,_ i. -i i i l l ,'; -,'n t. 1 I o l
C lam l.-r ,'.i t_:imnmi erc.: v. fit .i..f.re
the '.'..-nn ,. 1.:,ner- rcla l t, I,:. the in-
I ,.r.:., .:. t '. 'i aild %as ild I dI l,-"
lla.t t.,.:,, t, .- i- ih com m umn !i I
1 \1 M r H ill-. which h the,' d'd -
h ai'r i L in thi I -ll.. cW and t '. ,. '. u liat i .;. % ,ith iltL ,'-. nrI --
t .: r, I' li t ,h rel su lt I.'l 1: ill: lci -
. i1'. -ri'I '.\ I: tli .: "i a l '1 .1 -
-t"1 h .l L I ,. i t I O urt ..a .
n r i -I I', flir I..-.iy h 1 ,tt I"... l. I -
the L':,. .i l i ui.J f,', -ah .li 4l h] I' l l
,lo .. c l I I ]id c. l 'I ,:'r k i I ip r n d kll i. .
I.r..hI. bliti a' re that i-;,. Lon-i., ,. ll
h,.. ,1I.h .,-, I ,., i rico, d 'In ..






S. Bryan Jennings, Vice President of
Realty Board, Working With Sena-
tor Fletcher Placed Matter .Be-
fore Commercial Congress.

A committee of five front the South-
ern Commrnrclal C'nnre--s will cooperate
a ith the Jac.ksonille real estate board
inr "etablihning the sugar industry
in Florida, and to make re.onmmenda-
torn3 [o congri-Ea as a deeits expe.dl-
cr,i and proper for the furtherance of
t[ie sugar industry in the state of
Florida. and the South."
A resIolution, passed by thIe Southern
Commercial Congress in se-slon in1 Sa-
'a&nnlahr tmls ieeR commends the JacK-
son'.ille real estate r board for 1is work
nt develop the .3ugar industry \ in Flori-
da, and endorsee. the mo' ement to
ralfre in this country enough aug!-r
for Lhe nation.
ugunr Sltalion.f
The Florida sugar .situation s v a-
placed before the Southern Conimrrcial
Concrress in Savannah b3 S Br.. an
Jennings. vice president of the JacK-
scon. lie real eliate board. F-iriaa'a
.Enior senator, Duncan L' Fletcher.
v.'orKmig ith iMr. Jtnning3, Lie.ie-re- i
great credit for this piC. of v orK.
Mr. Jennings states that S-nat,.r
Fletcher remrainied a day lon.r inthan
he had plannr d to do the uork lth.
him in bringing before the congress
I lorld.t's sugar pcO5ssbilities, and in
getting the congress to gIl' e un'quall-
flted endorsement to the no\ ement to
increase the. production of sugar In the
S United States .ufficirnt to .uppl-v the
countrIsa n'eds. The United statess
consumes 4,3"-.'. i tons or ..'11.9~. .'x
p,'urnds of sugar annually.
The ability of Florlda to produce
nior, sugar on an equal acreage and
under similar conditions than car tbe
produced by the best sugar growerA
or the West Is brought bout in the re-o-
Text of Resolution.
Follow ing Is the complete resolutionn
as passed by the congres-. WVhe fe-is
In ord-r to produce raw material
necessary for the production or 4..'J6,M .,
tons oif "tig' ar consumed by the Unlt.d r
States in 1914 it vT uld r:. Qu ,re 4I l,it i'
beet su'ar [arrnere a S aa l infl.t .ilN.-.Ii
care farmers. and the number ,f I
farmers required for cane can be still
further reduced by implement power
tuillage and mechlanrc-il narves-ting. To
produce the sugar ief'.rred to would ,
require two blihor. nine hundred acre'.i
of western Irrigated land, valuEd a3.
over $l."u per asle, as. as ain't -ii I46.-
3,'4 acres of S-utiheastern niick land
valued, at -S)5 per acre It wouldd re -
quire 314 a' rage VWeitern bhet urar
factories to convert tile heets into
uga'r, as against. 70 factories required
In the cane fields and the; value of
th' beet sugar land; required for our
domestic supply amount to "*i4F.i ujmi.
1'hereas: The rEeet _u.;ar indu-tr. i
incapable of expansion on account of
labor required, and theI only m,-eains
of meeting the increasing dil-manid for
augar is ov establishing a new cane
augar field, and,
W.'hereas: There is L. great area of
muck land in the Southern part of
Florida. I rge enough to upply tne
sugar for Anmerlhia. "-nd in uhilil area
the state *f Florida o na more than
2-4 of a million .n',r.': whichc h 1. now
being opened up 1i3 *. sugar r field by
.he Pennsylvania Suu-ir R -flncries Co.
and other companies :nd..
Whereas: The Jackmor, ;ille r, cili
estate board has cau:rd to, be pre-
pared a booklet on tirh? subjectt of
sugar by C. I mhan Sp-ncer. and has I
sent over 3,.-". cpi. thr .ounhout the
United 'States, as rIn educational cam-
Be It resolved, that the ,uthirn
Comrn.err.ial Congress a 'pprr ..f of the
mlontement to produce .\nrXi'te-i-i ugr'
for Amerlcan c n..uII' plic.ri, ail'd coni-
rniEnd, h- J Lh- I ill. I -l e3rute
hoa rd'-s acti' Ity on behai ofr the
South's gre.ai sJur induriliti
That a cenmmnllitt of '. e be ap-
pointed by the dir.-:l1cr ce:ne'rl r[l te
Southern c.'n lein rclal .,onrre;.. to c..-
operate i th th, J- cek.in ille r-aJl.
estate b,.ard in estakblit:hin,. lthe u a.
induGtry in Floridai. and Lo nake ;uch
recommend itions to .ong, re, as it
deemrr exp,-diint and proper for the
furlthrar-ce of the .ugar indu~ivt inr
the Jalte of Florida, and the So:.uLh."
Off to s5 Inee Mecl.
Mr. Jrnniings returned front an-l
naih 3 eterday afternoon and im-
niediately departed for Orlando i n-rre
he vall attend the Slihe GroCer. s As-
sociation mneetinL ini that city. He
will discuss the poslbiltllie. of Florida
as a sugar state before that body,
and endeavor to secure the active
support of the association in a state-
wide movement to develop the sugar
industry of this state.

I:1'.. r of general circulation published
:r J.icksoiuvillo, Duval Connty, Florida,
on the 3rd. day of April A. D. 1922, the
same being the first Monday in said
month, and a I g d h li day; offer for
-.-, at the front door of the C..irt
House in M-1i.i, Florida, during the
le-cil hours of sale to the highest bidder
Sfor cash, after puilli; ontcry of the same,
,r e i...11.:.. ;Ill, I operty as described in
-il-1 ilial .l- I. -e in the following order
fiThe- i-il.- .-I..; -. meat and stock
It. h- known as the "Chauncey Broth-
,--' stock of cattle, and marked and
branded in one or the i.- r of the fol-
1 ;ir .i.ail:- and brands, to-wit:
(1) C.-I.*, upper aIu.l itler bit in one
ear, and crop under half crop in the
other ear; i.in.i,ridd "S 0."
(2) Crop under half crop in one ear,
smothe crop in the .rth 'r ear; branded
"H A" and "S C."'
i.:i Crop oi.ieri half crop in one ear.
w-'lifv,- .fork in tle- :l her ear; branded
-'H A"' and. O,"0
S i l Cr.i,. tinder I.pr. ahi ..in- >ir,
-pl I'i t,.i-r 1i i ll the ..tie- ir; lrianl-
ed "G I A" :1,,l "S ."
i," Crop un. -ir ..illIf .r,. in l n iit ,
r* 'l" .I-- Bit ii 1h..--..-th r e.tr; br.ll- ,
S..I wit- hIeart, thus, "a heart.."
1.^,1 C].,. uh.1,-- hialf r,..p In ..n .Lr.
und i -." t:II.- iin theirr .-ir; I-r.iniedi

S 7 ti'r.:.I .min-l i bullf, i:- in .-.n e ei 'r,
. ri..p i ..t .I iinder Iit in I he other ar
1. nrl,:, ". ."
Scrp Cr:p mrler half rco in t. olne ear,
ial.,.-: ir.I the other .-ur;' bral;ided ".I."
i'.i 'au .., lit i f:.ne 1ar, Ir Co
il.i i..le i ithe other ea. r; I.,rnrd d "3.'."'

ti e [ ,;t ;ri, .the .th-r ear: r branded
"H A.4'- ..I

Iraniid n.l hS 0." il
S(1) Spv..ii h:. Irk un&d it in i.e-jr
e r,'. "'. iil' -er ilIf crop in lle .-.tler
P : i. ..r i.: ...Ip *'*H ."
I I I I, U i-,.-r itqiur- in -..e -ar', upper
.ii.l i.. i ir:- ni: i I In- ,tthr ear; b r d .'

.141 'TTpl.e- :uare imhuld.r ''1l in one
ear, crop niider half cro in the oththe er
ear; bran'id o.ne half circle eve% n, thl,
(16) Split under bit in one tar,
ailli.' I fork in the othe-r iear; branded
(16) C' C i.:,.. indler half ,:rop in ont- ear,
,:r..|., un,,-r ..:.p:e in tlie other oar;
1 id .1.d "H A."
I l. S ,n,:.. 1i.l ,-r..p in one tear, niider
'-jii.Air in the --,ther ear; branded "R."
I is 1 ,ij',rp upper bit in on n .ear. illd-
er squari- i Iiti;- ,tliir .-ar; Ilrauti-.

i l'i i 'r-.- ripp'r !tId l under bit in
.:.n, ;irl, iirlLer hit in th- other ear.
I-in Splht upper and under bit in
:inl: .-jlr. n1ll 1r .-_ql.are in Ihle other tar;
br:-i, lo ,: "' a I ,,4 "
I *'I I "p".": and. ,.itird- r bit in onv e (car,
,i.]:r -.i ,aIr. in the uther ear; brauded
%%iliI. l, i.,.n -r, ltls, "a pazsi.:.n

Staple fork in one ear, .harp in th-
other ear- branded "J G" and "T P."
The anb:'ve rnentianed and deziribled
pr.:.pi:rty to bhe -:.d at the lime aind
pliir,: anii .s provided by stiid decree
and ray be all o.oli at one time and to
ine and the same purchaser if there can
be -ieiveded a greater iurm oC roone. tfrll
said sale, andI in the runner herein
stated t., sat.ikvy the terus ,of the ,decree
Ihi-rein referred to.
Cullen W. Edwards,
Speoi.l Ma-ter.
Hal W. Ada is,
Soiiiit'o f.-r C'.uilainantr ::-i-4t.

v~i l ~th oach .ind -,I[ of t tii
a ]rl I '-M rna 1: art ridband .-1 di
. ..'. .tI,,-.r oIl' iai1 i I,,r 1aett i i*u'ed by
'-dl *t'-i ~ 1.,uit leuLd In said Ihillo

u-1i -1111 A I I I ali ri lirnlyI tm lk, tI',eI "-llI

S P E C IA L 31. 'I E R -'S .- .\ k LA "ito Uo ne i l.,.- I ll )., ) :- d . ,f ,el.
Cattle, bet\%,: i: Ma... itnd Eiaht MA1;-
: Under and by virtue of a final decree r,,. k, known' .- tle "H. E. Hart"
if f-reO-, -I.l,-n Ile.a :-lv rendered on the i, ,:f .: it n ,,re c l and iark i,
20th day of February A. D. 1922, in ,il 1, ul.le l a, i.:.ll,,.- t,,-wl:
tlh-ti :eitaii cause p.-],.l;ri- in the Oircuit
<-.:,rt. T hired Judicial Ci ...,it ,,f F 1..1., u ,,.,,t i 1 in ,-t.- ea !:,per b ,r t
in and for LaFayette County, in 'h,.. H. F r *..- I, th, ..tI,.r e", bH. Prade
cery, and on the Chancery side of said 1"
('...it bhl -io, J. M. G,'.r .... a s Re-
ceiver -of and for Citizens Bank of .- ....'1 '..' I'n1 l 1Iu) hi, ul .4i st.:,rk
M ayo, a Corporation, ; C...,r.]1; .,,;111 cattle, ,, .. .- ..r 1u.-. .,' i t .. .. I- r..II:;:
and H E. Hart, B. Har .,, 1 j.,ii,.ir i ,. L i :". . Fr.:.ri.ii. l-t,1er-.n
'ait lr, iili>-il lly, and H V H ar E'.. F.i h; t .[il.: i'r .:l: l ,rl ",
Hariniy. Hart and Lamar (7. C.m -, C- .. tl,. "**'Rn vy If.L r' .-k, aind ,riiir,.,1
partnlrnr-, trading as He- -t ;r'..thr- and l randed ., iliu,-.:
C.'.lii.l, aril-.l'-i-ernhi r-, ;:lil ii.- ,i1,l, I 1 Crop upper bit in one iar, dtn.klr
-r,.il l was duly named and jl.lj-,iil. -.1 -I-IFe in th-, (.cth.'r ear; Ir:nnded ..
ua Spp..ci:il Master in (_'haiun'i.v rt ex- Hart, til-, ".i B Heart."
e.cute said decree, n,.,li;c ;- l rei-i zi ;,iii. A\I-,, .,n undilivi ed .ii,-l.halt interest,
that I CallenW. Edwards, as Special in and toon i- ihis.indl I 1lI.I lead of
iiater rin said cause will, after the pub- stock catlle ..i tle o--pen rnmnge in La-
li,:atl,-.n of this notice for four conseciu- Fa\,:tt,- C.iio t Fl:orida, kOlilwn asi the
tive weeks in the -Mayo Free Press, .i "**\\ill; iin Perry" stock, arn i ii.l'ke-
'eekly newspaper, pil.,li-he.. i at Mayo, .,!n] I.,].',l.hjib as follows:
l.:i1lyette County, F1: iida, and also ar a u b
general not ie 4 aid sale for the same C-rop upper and under bit in one ear,
'.ri.od in the F'rry Herald,., newsp.-..r -h tp Ii the other ear; branded "J G"
of general circulation published at ail1I "T P."
Perry, Tayloir County, Florida, and als- Swallow fork under bit in one ear,
tor thil' B.ie period of time in the under half fleur de lisin the o-ther ear;
Fl.i.l.i, F.n ru.r and .-t.il;-:lm.n, a news- branded 'J G" and "' P."

1 0- ,d


-I -1




TouId Take One Judge
Million Years To

Clean Them Up.

*W \S.HINCMTN. Fi b. 4-D.I-
ers .r N tr. --.l -r ut c-.uir i trI-,r u- -
tA Ilr. il..r' L .7rii'r it a'h
fla xln lpl. :II) j ~ Lll:
t3rl..n fr, incriurifus in-rr
At rrrney G .-n.-ral Dauegl.r Ly snah
I .. itlA.t. Tn, ra a rr. liS ar!i.d. a
t".101 of 0 r.1f tlwvm ca-i- in Lho
f.--& ral --,Urt., In w 111.: h '; 4 pt r
so jing ,: 02 ir..-n 3 rrt.Zt d r.r Irr-
d i-'t'd
'it r'1.l1l talke or jud-iz. wrcrk.-
in; 12 nr.-ntlr a y.ir. 1 0I ri rr.mir)
vi eiIan III, 1h.,116 I..1rr. Mr.
Al.)4t (of thIe ca-; lIer' rI~d,.5r5.
thou h tlie 1 s1d .ilfilng s-turrnt(-s
Tarie.)J fir-ni Lukik t shops and 1..n-
eat rIht pr t S mtf ct.sRwt )c1.rptint
n ar., I.- ar I,y: s'in-11tr3, h.:* as-
crsrhr pnirifa U Ifl ,,tcat 'I,atijy tuL
fi-i tid. pe.opips rerarle do not take;
nrlins I.:. in%,cthzatc nhat they rUL
thp~r nv:.nc:. ntv..
Th.- ujrpartrmnet of jit? ice, PTr.
Da u hcrty I:.on'tinu vd, Onrn-5s ir.I.
the r- S sF,,-.n cl t( ur i qrweq
,l roruuh ,r"lal. ins of the p)oralI
Ija.-. In thes u.. of the hnils to d'-
ira rir. b u r. lih d LlcrIard in hr.
opidnI n thte Tr- 3AtEr wAi urr. n e fu r EL3at
a.. tr.n- A (.-nierr r nr *f state
bIlue skY I i ol'rm lr irIlLr9, he sug-
pr-erdI. should tre Iti-l to frarre a
uniot m liaw Carrying a unilrrin
pu uiIzhnlrnt for acLctc sWMnriieri
Q10oling from Wris r-'~.-,te. Mr.
Dauehl-rty sad I rthat the northern
di rirs 5.r tl nirsi.:-uri k-l i I the
alinrl -t ir.Itvoiwv. In nendrlnc 0 tI-
Flocr-(k e ;r;.. a tntal oef .1. j,.-
('ii.. th tie tlhe nnrrher n dlcr 1kt of
IlljndIF. hadr thce re-atESL rUnld~r of
C(A rS with 4 th-4 nrr iic r rlrctrr-:t
ofd T1.as aSCr)rtl srrCo)fd Wi'th 412 Caatz
and liN. southrnsrrr dlSLrlt. of New
Tork had 3S casr-q.
As aii iiirtnce or as-h7ma arr-
Til.o- In tocrerdll-.tr Inrreetor:. Mr.
DaCitrri ly' ltxd the rain-ms "EVir-
gladc g case in whieti $7'rrriCri v-3s
Soltined on the Etockt of a' com-
pany fm'-t toa drarn anil rarni ilch
Florirln.. Isr. and r sold on agrcc-
n,-:nt ti,. rlIwr, *. lin rrr.:r In
Florid- A rt-.r Lhe sitocl hsad hter
dirpos:-d of, hia aided, the fro t
C.1 Me.
Thra care, he s-aid. had boon
Prrerrqtlug ir r. p-.5.rt~

Etud% ing t11e ad;. 7Ir' or rI-.--
Ing it.4

--,-- -- i I s



Radio Talk By Charles H. Baker, C
Westinghouse Radio St

Charles H. Eaker, il engineer
r.f DI..-lin-an Lake, N.- i.. an.i Pailm
Beac- Fla.. z-ave a radio talk 'st
Trursiaay n 'nt rn ith E'errglades
of Flior ida. '. Ii.:h .vas broadc-ast
I rnrri th. VT,e r, ali.i: rait.-. sta-
ttli n at Ni.% ali. 14. J., rieginnliir at
:4&, p. TMi.
In Il roid-.:;cring ir. Bak-r ..' tlhe
in.' ibi l i ainjiter.nc tnhe ann ,uncer

'1 an nr:'v. pl' :Je to, in.r.-duce rt
..:'i a dI irringi .h d e-ngine ?Ir.
Chari.a H. BaKer. of Mrlhigan Lake.
N. Y.. and Panin Beach. Fla. After
his radiitwtcn irum C.rrnell a.s
ci. ii engineer, MIr. i:.i-kr v..:nt '* -E
and ,jrcame cone ofi ne pionei-rs in
thi" ac\ele:-punt of Seattei. Tacoma
anri otrier Prweit ,..IrrI cilIcue. He dr-
Fign':d arid I uill til.- great ar.r-
pov'r plantS thlr tranrniit the- clei-
tril pGo er to nthpsce i.lie-s from the
Caecadle nicijiuains S.n. y-ars later
he ga'e hlis tltentl in I'-: v.&atrp.i' er
deleiopm ntnS in ianamn. nind in
that Tay v e instrmn'-riral In the.
blini~.ing cf Lre h:.dr-ele-ii:tric w-r'rK
at lMiis:c1e SlicrI li. Hi at t h t tinIe-
reas a prlr..:lpai or;a.rirh r *.f th r
Amnerican C:,ananild Cunp-ary:.. w iihoe
rexiens.' i rrl- s ...r the : fi atmospheric.? ilitroenri ai niima insiE rft
fertilizers ar- at Nn ar" FLis. Mr.
Baker alIo .i're ted it.1 itt rnri.-n inf
he last fiEi '-r.r to lth:- le:lanimi-
:.ri f the frrat Eveoglaades :,f Fl.r-
dra, shojUt Wn'el i.-: 'll altk EC. ;, i.
tonight. H pFr,.n:inl ru e at
th oe u.iitu ii i I. 2 : n Ladl;.. fort'.
inilns stroim ;'ei% Yori ctr.. andk lim -s
premi-.eilt f alrl til l.:rga t '.'**n.r Iin
tlir_ Moli. '-aIi r Fals i C .'.r ,l t. ion, .it-
er 'ill'g a Inr.i- Hil erl li dair" far -.-
ac tlh t l oint."
U r. CaK r .-. v.alk n'.. Iir-. re-tin..
.aid : r. as'.a -artl b thousand's i-
Ilztiernes-in t Irci.ighiouL tl!e u. i cd
States and up inirc C'anrad. He it
"ilr Chlairman aind Lin i nr- il--
I cannot ,see your raite. nor dr. I
kno-. i-hetler you ma y o eC-i.nted
on the trigersi oft in hand or b.- tlhe
hot- of tlhusai'nds. but I o r. lIOr.-
as nrvi t.\-ice go- ouut thr-.tIri the
black ninr.. trin th-r- is mne Ititle-
10-year-oid girl, mny ilaustier. who
hrst n. ) rbjecLt a ,ie!! as I Id,-
rryself, und r.ho at her istr-nlng post
.. ...T 'n l -' ar. si o pat 'ii l;,- and
e pectEainl. .'-, iT., i hnai tie" L-

of Florida

civil Engineer, Broadcast from the
action, Newark, N. J.

Tme invite > od a!l fo-r a fCe\ rncment's
t:- hear sorr.etinnE about t ie great
hi--- rl ia-.1.:s :,f Fiorida.
ii v .u n il I z.~l; : nt y',iir nm ap -.f
hi ULrite, 1 tat-'. s .,lou v. iii c.abs re.r'.
a lair-.- pr:iiit r ,,rarrr- like t t iite ,. Iir
at Ihe .:-,i h(ll ast -.. rn.-r ri,.t i lo.:ks
as If tnre .'reatcr in lii'aKinn tip oul
'lc t domain had r ian rlin sd lulf
-:f that ei..rngatiori a not 'r.: i tl
Srile, but l ,-ai r had' cltan;.d Hi
mind and kept it tntre r for filrther
c--s**nt i-iratiorn. and it is .-' li that He
diid That I; int E c[ar.e .i Fi:or-i.:ia the
oldest t part of i ir ...i iiin ,1 e. irin r;,
in thair the earl.' 'Spanar i in ti-.. iarTr
hrst. r-unrd .\n-i i:a ther- ar-id at tI-r
islanllls n l ar a .ut i 'll :.'ir 'i.-1 j:-,
and ali tr ri. n '.t-. pairt .rn tlhait .I
di v~l. i plintn r and ?,rioin e r,: la-
ticn LtO- Lti: i'- orl- d \-a i:.-:.nriI- ra Etic.: -
13 rec,:nt That de lap is tli: hliandle
rhat i.s regesnning ic. ro:--k tie t radle
ofI Amieriean agriculture. N.rj- I.ndJ
me your ears.
"C-ntiitries bet ore .-idam and E'.'e
r-eganr their hlir -iitee-'pil tl-e itnirn-
sular of Florida v as in ti.e inakiiiE.
The Gulf Streain projbati a u- p i:l..l
tr1- orittnal 'e gr -r Ga rcr -s t ri9at
,ulll llitnl el mnsa I[n- E itr I ':.i L fruri
St. .tAu u rit e :outin iL.i p n ith-s
ri-et- tiei cl..ral ag-el. ,ies buildOa d iir.-
i.l ria r ,, 1 e' tl In.i ii Ltr- e I:-. Lit r.
and v.'.-re [iirthlil nitglitern ,d aid E\-
ti i -,]i- r., ..:,l .nt fr,_ m li rm il n-
land.. The '.'c t C;,..a'L was :alr..a'i .
i'E n. duie to a dil'l rent i 'eoeC.igiC.la
Lorm'n'alI.rin to trh t ti (hei ,, p n iisi ul r
Lo.k trl''- ShapI e ,01 a -r,1ll -. a l.ac-ei
*i'ili a p:anir, ar .t,,. i '.- ,l l iE-:- .:,n-
fin;or hb..r I-.n in. cr.:iJ CoansEr 1
rini,. alin it, tit irt b .:.nle .a t,. -
n nrt I ,m i n l. tin-' *Ira i,. -- t r,'._n
the L...i- I ;i i.1 ir g t)o i ri nurth andi
-collectted b, the Kilsiimirmee ri er
1whieh t'ormrne i at it- --ri',lll r!i. gr. ui
Lake Ol,-echrio h, . in, s tii-. ii -irl,-
'unld, aoD'-ut th! rt[ y -rive m il-., ;i-:rrc ,'.
anid IP econr. i ini sile In rLe- Urlniid
State'- only to Lake Michigan. itr
southern rim ti'a' iL:.rm-d ori cn-alily
D'. wav.' ae a.,tilCi CI-an.:til g .il) the de-
pii iticii fro-ni tried lai-- -riii. :-li.
"Fic-rida has an annual raintrTI or
abhrcl.t sixt:l irnchr-s, n'ie t L of wiiich
:.ccurs in ite surmiier tinmi, -withl the
resuirl t hat li e Ila' for a.ig- l.i1
i:c -rtilri'o .l it? sOithI rn rim dui.'rnfr
hait s asoUn. S pr. ad lii iI s %afr
r.hlirinl, ri r a zonin aL,:io t f'orty).i-lv
niles "'Idc and 11i1i wiiils lont, a.nd
Finally \. Rnainag cou h r. cserl. Irnio
rhe CGul of iMc a:i-. Tihl. annuii ha'-b-
iit -:' aiitrnatz inuir, Jati:n anid ir:. -
n.-ss gal' rite LO a -iin se gro,.'tn

i. ;ntille-E r t i e iit. Ir .i d- s !iie v. iiinch
Ji-d and dci a:) -d :\.Try ,'ear. thu.-
ritrn ing a Ihinr laer uf i p.-at rr
munck Through e:-ijillirs age this
ni-ir- li rs aI i i.rriula,-c anld nuiit ip
a vistr li i praiirie ut .i,;l llllllll ri a r ,s.
,Inallc.\v arouItd lie eic, z, but atLi-r-
glng ax to ighr tir.t deep and
\.:tin reai.ling rlnxeen iier in nthe
irterir. This Igreat hodly 0 idl coill-
ti;ItLu:S L ith Ever adr ',' oif Floridla.
as Nature rnad. rlt-rn., blut uinil rnan
oc-l; hold and dd I ili- part in the 2ay
,of r(:lamation. tI i 'e. nh ere oic-La
Jnfit tor any i rpl r:.- e r xc-i'pr [I:, har-
nor aliigaitor. snakes and v.id ttr-i
lie-. It wa. a Wa.Lric.-!zgCgd .:.c. it
]iad r eter ereel penetrated any con-
.sideraicl dianrst'.. e ven y rthe r mcet
ret:kild adventurer, an.i. of' course.
had n ever be e enis ir'. e. It weas as
unkliirn ar thil. Africtn iur-gle ised
tc bei The Sc i n: In iians I'.ed
arolnld thie borders, but ev.cEn they)
did nrlrt. \ellit.% far within. 'he
aen e ave.grEs nat lk cea fo'res-t of
slbers an'l i.'ot-tlJ trrin rh'- I.oihin r
from aiinyone in thel fira-s t \ hun-
dred feet ojt axpi:lr airn.
"As long ago as 1"46. tOh dralnage-
rtf the E-.: r ggidies t r--1cm r i ni
ricliest asset G F lcrlila began c t:be
disc ti lId b\ tl-e federal g'-"- rn -
ment, but It wva- not iintil sixteenn
\'ears ago that anyi d-inl't plan -jt
reclamation wap a inaugur.ated, arn-
ac.tual tarming dil n.t In t iin until
-i.x years ag,.,. It \as tile i'll-Cn nand
energy, of Gr.\. Br-i ward rf Florida
that rirnt pui a.-tion h.:hilnd One
thought. It '"ar thel nnnr,. v ia R.-h-
.rd J. Br.itecs it J-i k.,, -ville., lI-ia.,
vi 1tia. r,.-,jght -e".'r -ii i niLirre-d Ith-, -
*and acres fromnl ths ta.t- at lI n
acre Innr flrs ga, pati- t? i:..ect
c. 'rking captfll. and it ha) b,-. n the
-kill and gniu't and n-t-re-y -:.F F. C
Elliott tie "V lino c n .t I. rLi ern -ine e r,.
hant ha- acer.)npi- llhedl the sire es -
ftl conat ruetion of this. ruhe pgr.a t-
Est driin ar ei plio.i :t in all histlri .
and the east kno' n.
"The leedl oi Lake Okeechohee r i
originally iv':-;nit3-one let- ao:'-e c ia
ale el. and that ip l l. ele 'atl in i.l
irs r.unh rirm and frci rore t'ni1 Fnr
tile Glades lopr,- aw'a-, 0I to e si,.,uL-h
ab.iut three Inches to ith mile.
'"The plan 0" freclrniatnv \a.as li:
I-o,=r ihe level of' tlin great lake and
lthie \raterable In the i.ol n"e feet.
and this ha, rncn acminioilihed II'
tlic di iing -if i \e great canni f irorn
the lake to ther At.lantic ".earil and
one to the l;ilfi of Mexico. The.3i
S:an3as art Verltailn- risers front 2-2
.-: ia r m il ,: % lIrt ri', t.o 2s ift r. nwid-.
and 6 t i 12 feet d-n. a iota! t lle--
age utf :.o0. n tit lit darn-a, and io. ks
Ir ,:onrrt..i iteirm [t-"%. "Tiete acLtir-
Fpli I -!r thre prlir ari drainage. biut
they ar: ,'rosTsl d anr d r' i into r.-.
thoiusands of rniie- t-f' lateral jij :h-
t-s i'i f..t t de.,:u at il[ i ilt -i-T -l
.nter\% ls li h-n r[tie atirr i it rit-
drained lout r.f the soll and the a-r
,anli sunllhin. I-it I,. it -oon bh.ti--n-. s
'"se-t anrid bi ghly pro.duc.ln ,i rIn.iK-
mrag the Echrgia.iJs th- reirh.t' j and
in, the v.orid. thi e aliv ort iie N-I
noti e-x.:eprel] The aoli runa .3 pr
erint in an-ironla. a aii has -ln atlUa
t' lue ,of .l'.i.i a tii rl.,r uiJ- a, ler -
tiliaer, and many arloads a i '.Lic-
.-h r,-t pd t. IhI rt t i llu :-r rl'a,: r. i,
a t T.1 1i pa.
"TII,:- ri-t 1" tlbr: draint- g- c.Irw -
tions--nhlih c.in tar-ey n'iak.' an ir-
rig'atiorl in- hhr, ih.. ifadr
r: a hed or'- r i ; .i lii i' I n r,. fi t
S hi:l.-. n as suprrlle., r. r l Ji f.'derai
g v'crrinrinrl:: ti-e stat: om r _F'Ierida
and prl\atL- Ctra al r 'id it all.
S"Th canals llrn-.h :c.Iap iran-
pr-,,-rat.,-n for -r.?:.r.l I and) ii .-rLh. I -
d'e .-\ hard surtaie road is nct-
neirirag coniplctiorln acr i tr, ie stait,:
thr6.igh eth Giad-s f ireon F:.r t bhiCir
I- t[ he Crlif ,-f Itco- ,.- te o Pite i P, re -.h
-on tri A!tlantic. aiid rather halid
roads ar" :e crlng lie cottliitr, in
difer-ent direct t;onai. Tle .tla ntic
i"oa.-i Lile- rjilr-ad hfirn iencrtraitie
tiie '?r.' h-art ,2,f the (Gld3e. ,ind j Ia
-,aujlne- ,in runtimr earle.id a 1 dav i-i
prodni.:[t Tic a!r It- lll ,-.i r.- n. :r
rR!Ilri-ai ta1k. aS ti- c l .Ci.el'(l-C].-..tVi.5.
Ito .:t in arni s iars the trlni-end..u

".\ aord ahour. ropni in i.liIs cri-a
oa l-i -. h-.h niak. i thi re't r.f- tlic
staire ,-'r ]ik,. ,i d--.-'-rt. F:','r'
ninth o th tli r lve- ,- a planting
and a harcitlnrt mtn-nrh you will
et a lI:,tat- m,:-id l .?,lig planted
al.'ng.-ni.' -.-I *-tr. htine harvested.
-,-,me --nmi-tr,--plea! n rac.;es grow- 14
t-et high Weeds grow as rank. The
s.,-call., "iqr.rlc'" weed gets to be
a t\"ils.,-I.:..:.r Ire" that a man can
Inllib but it is porous and dies aft-
,r a few mn'rh, ar,]d ttida to the
humus of the -,:.li. I hi-.'e seen a
lerdi of 200 :attle pa-lurt- in a, tean-
acre patch o Napir,!r era-; high
ov.tr their h. Ids and i,-:,y got their
I hal'- Seen .i, .-.,- '- lie-r,, on an
[hase seen a cow tethered on gn
*'i.fr.,i rbpe that g:ot her entire liv-
ing fr a year it'hinn its radius.
Fco'r reo five head oi cattle can -be
kept n year on an acre. I-T,:,g can
be grown at 2 r.ent a piurnd live

It Ii the rpt-adtr' for cntckens,
and hi' .- jn Li.ck Illlr entire liv-

rig he Inr-a l four ni.n-arf of their
I\e.-s from the fat grasshoppers and
thn-r Ir~-i-cl. andf the succulent
"-erci grti th and they have no lice
*.r tc:ler irrAtants. Peanuts, broom
corn, Egyptian wheat, corn, bananas,
avocado pears, tomatoes and all oth-'
er trij:k pr-olucis in abundance. But
the bar l:b.-.n of that agriculture is
slcwl i. anti certini:. becoming the
great staples otir tg-ir, cattle, hogs
and poultry. Garne and fish are plen-
tiful. Catfish or bullheads as big as
a calf are shipped ir.-,nl ake Okee-
chobee at the rate of about 2,000,000
t-c-inti a year, the iiarkI..-; being
hhl.',-- and Kansas C(''l i The wT-
tcr vegetables go t.- C.i'-,-,, and
New York principally.
"Besides being the cAidl. hog and
chicken heaven, the di-stirn of the
i'l -ir il..-- is to be the "sugar bowl
: am- ll.a Sugar cane in that

* I- n l r .' r rr'. '. i t i r-, .:* x t ilo .
an acri a .eaar and the sugar cnnr-
ten'. is hignrer 'han in Ciloa and
SquaI hals t t ha Haaiiani i islandls
The c-an- ralr.,-rn eiE-r' yiear and
probhiitri need n rt lb repl-Ianted otn-
n rn r than everv\ -le'nt i .i's ,'rilie
in Lt.iisiana it has to be done every
otherr year. Can. h-ia a lonr -r grow-
I ?c sea;tn in Flo:rl1 rhahn else-
" rner- and rhi e .;pls ns rl~ high
t.**lirnn ag y.-l l i p r nir. T -h ic-rnuil-
tions are ideal for growing it, as
the heavy rainfall and hot weather
in the '-lirnl Pr if rce ii grr. 'hl.
ii, hl i the c.ler anld drier eatlier
i ti'h, it v i r -i n:r i i alUrt ing
ti.t r.t-ier N iti p, .: : r e I- r ',.r in -
Prro'.e 'i- ,iJiil arAl ija tr ..*:Fi-nrt
Tss:- rt..itr.r ulgr rriill t nr. in ., -
c **v' i l _...r ,e '' il.a r -,r i n ir t i l a d .. nri d
il tl,,r,1 .rr;.' iLr-e .n e n il'i.. i- t i" n -
5 rTII-cn t n '.- thi P[ nn-' i nia ii]-
P a r h i r- a r ,, r hi l i ' ,r t r ,I l 1ii' I "'1 1
nc rI s n r ib. ,l -i r dri-l-. ,,ii- -n l ti r iir-
gar. Sc-.era]l -.:-th r ar c -n rh- pro-
cran, to i -ll:." so.: n. -' hi... granr i-
l) rle l i .ig ar *: r ,i r. r, :.O- in .li
i-'ir, tS at L -: ir a-1 pourld.

:.'e a r c ,: v .. h rI 1 [E : C i n i' iI .li '.1 -
. r.- e:ial at n .- rin. l- e. .io pn nt,.
prrbc.t.abi rin- 'ii erii .i l t :.ui t l- if i .' .*rtl
re:Fpl-n N.-,% .1 is nearer I ."111. I
ha' e th- h.-nr-:r Lc- ha\e buill. v.illi
in,- part ir i'Ir. .1 A M. re. trn, nrst
*it,' n ih- EN -r- r i-Jr-. s. nril re i'.I'-r,
H,:-. ri. :, n,:. in i h..r..-,r Tnt l t-
tie ci t at.:. jt F.i \ ar o(ill 1 h ],-
p. pl':',i Ie w irlrn it bura- r-;. "irij i
'*,pnin hj ri In 1 i-,i *Ii ) [ 1ri and
ai..ut t-. It i a t t~ il h-ad -f Thrc--
.,i .e -anal on Lia e iiil,...1r : l i "r.,i

nI r II I-- ll Arl I. ,,ts r rv l a Irn
-'ri tL,- -' mti.l tri'ttrv aii '11cr,
It ila: r'e .i lSir. r i i.. r ri-:r t

rii-i :. i ; rn I I iui -:i a i i 1i11
brick school h i..s iar.-il u O:tI-er'.
1 -, : ,. I. lid
-:,ir r- .:h il, : , I 'I- ", l I n in h d
Inan-r ,' t. l-'ie anri rt.- ti-l t-,i l c-i-:-" '..
It h-,1 II- Li i ...' n ,i r In I th
UTnit-ri St-tl.- il( lt' r ,n. The
bL. ne- .i, r. : a bi,. .l i r
a i'n' . hlr-c:n 1',.ritnir f .r S Li'hl t cl .-
F r ..],A ili :. L- r t .irn .i .i i ,:,.
h fe r "r r i i i i rn ". r f-I .irI ,'. i % I .. i. "r i i l
.c.r,- it en 's c l.h" tr'rninritia of
Ille .A lariinl,- ,t-i L rn in lli recent-

r.. a.1 1 hI..'r Ilr.mr -te. j tr--m r- alm
BrI- i !h o i ll Fiat Coa,. -i i1er a
p le-n'J i c n h- h aI i l.ur i r.-.: r.; (ie -
,'*i.:.pe l -. a : -r.,F; Ll'.e 1 te [ir..,ii h
IML:.r., Hai'tn and (.n :-. Fo.rt M i,- rr
C'n li.e i ct *' : r Tr A r. i : rrll.
,ati L-,ri. railr- a is re.chrlg -,uth'
thr:-.r plh ih? t;li.1-.? .-. Miaenii anr-
tile ?ea.l -t.r.1i Ar Lin,: rna it- sur-
v.;,'ors In the .1.1 L, p mi -t i' -it
share --t' the e'. r-inr r a 'n ri ti:. i :,
rthait. The s-z-, ".- i I y-. id.
Land price" ar-e i;-.-'ernei r.i il i
fac(n.r i.. n'', d r:,d-i 'ar, ii i%,i r- i -
rc-a-I'. ,i-,al- rlint t c-- r[i iti:-n r ,'lr-
re to ttiu V. Ii '. ei -:i a F i ,, a 'a 2g ?
land urnf.' o ra!ly -ltia ,t-i I _-,,id be
hlai f' r d i'I a n act' ., ".'. ih e i ,, i-h Il
de 1.'el rc:-1 a', o- id,:, ,r a nr ian.i I, irin "

"I re'-g r t thit n ,y tin.ic ii-. al-
th.-.al h I lii.ie :nl -iiimrnilr i the
spra.'- oft lhi 'al t .' trID lct Ii ii lli
IakeC a Inan If '., i i 'II I.,j r-,re.i- a i itr-
'irture or1 tli gr-ri u n t iinp re. E,' :r-
a il c.if thli lI ;I i. I i i i .'--.:rFr ." & i nr
tineI he r.ei upr- ,i6i, ar-i -', r ir-, a.-re
'. l v ii uni 'l i't f r c-n i peir-' n In pi:puin-
ti,)'. T hrei e r,,ill :.n p _llc w ili li'
i't Thei-re, suipori-ed ir'. tire pr.ili-
g"!it', r t t'i-, si-il liiln ti7 ilthe be le
inli are ,an ibh,: ri--t- ,t- r li: h ,-,t rot ,-r
,:,O oll--'o .1 ri gh'r .ind br.ezy' daja.
f'r.-ni th-e L rjd. Irl,. n- o a. o rr-alarl ,.
aind lr' apl- .nc.i i-i n;,:,e.t >f inr dii;-
eaF:'s Ihat ar.,- :omlnion In the Sri.nn
I' -r.tr., i ll rt- *er ,l -i il-. Thi-
.bi-'-.ng'n r-Fi pr r l',rit t,'. good ni'al)i.
rrind .--cnntleneri-' "'1!1 r'sat LUPo-n a
happy, ai n:, wnich tihu en'id,-e' d"
%.i i I n at fl o-nr a I gtlm h.. r er," ,. lT. 11-
w'art and hrain:,y neorle in 'heir <-evt-
Iltu -n tririt,.zht thie g rn-,rati-n: tilat
are v-Et t-' c.:nr. in that r at ,a u 1in -
try. a ihere n'an!, ni i n It s -li y l-rci
.- .'.i rkin .in s.iln rit r p rntrr ph in q ilh

"Tliaril -,ou all and coodn ngiitn."




fipper Printing Company .......-.......-.............Proprietors
lobt W. Davis ........................ .............-.........--Editor
IJ. X. Pepper .................-----------...................... Managing Editor
*am Melson ...............-- ................................ City Editor
i. J Mason ...................................................Night Editor
Copps ........................................................... SportsEditor

g11me December 31, 1902, at GainesTille, Florida, as second-class
matter, under Act of Congress of March 8, 1897

213 W. Main Street, S.

Lt tor -____ ..---- ..-- --.---..---- ...21'-
1he Assoiated Press is exclusively entitled to the use fz re-publi-
Sbh Is of all news dispatches credited to it or not otherwise credited
Ik paper and also the local news published herein.

Members Florida Associated aDailies

U advertising bills become due after first appearance of ad&er-
1tiwat ilnless therwlee stipoiated in.contract. Parties not known
~ will be required to pay for advertising in advance. Address
THE DAILY SUN, Gainesville, Florida.

Rats for display advertisinr made known on application.
Meading notices inr local coliumr 10 cenrt a line for first irnertion
MiA4 anta sfor each additional insertion.
'Th Daily Sun, published every morning in the.year delivered b
YlWeer In thecity for $7.00 a year;. $8.50 six months; $1.7th rre"
a eUas, or 60 cents for four weeks-strictly in advance. By mail to
I part ft the United!States.
We w lll nohaccept'stamps of a larger denomination iban 5 centi.
D1UDMITND BURKE SAIDt hat there were Three Estates in Par-
airua. bau in the Repurtere' Gallery yonder there &at a 'Fourth Es-
*tft mire Important far than they all~"'
---Carlyle's Heroes and Hero Worship.

SDible Thoi.'ht/Sr bdaj
habth pity upon tli; I'. ]'t-v lrl,:rli unto
the Lord; and th.i o :c "1 hlie hath
given will he pay him :'- ;n -Prov. -

i)r. Albert A. Murphree, who has been npmned by
Col. William Jennings Bryan as his choi.e- for presi-
dent of the United States, is our fell..w townsman
and our personal friend. He is nota p.1,Iitiian but
tis a great educator. He is at the ie: i otf ione of
the leading institutions of learning in this country.
SHis whole life is devoted to his work.
S The piiitical prominence rit.enItly thrust upon
him has caused widespread di.: u-lri.n in the pub-
lie press from Maine to Mexico but in'all that dis-
cussion there has been no v.hilpei acaiinst the high
4aracter of this devoted educator. Dr. Murphree
i has entertained no political ambition but he is wor--
Sthy of any honor that night be offered him even if
that honor should be the presidency of the United
States.' It is so easy for news reporters and press
agents, who are eag4r for sensational news, to do
injustici? to an unsuspecting minn like that.
The telegraphic wires have be-.n made to say, in
effect,) that Dr. Murphree s.ouits the idea of the
doctrine of evulutiun. t He does no .-uc:h thing. He is
/ a .Christian gentleman and his anxiety is to rec.on-
Sci'le science \with the teachirngs :f the Bible. He be-
lieves that organic evolittio n is ali ayp,:thesis ac-
eipted by scientists as offering the mnost' platuihle
explanation of life processes. He doe, not believe
that trhe:-y, however, should be permitted to upset
faith in God or in the teachings of holy script. He
has said, good naturedly, that there is oo proof
thai we descended from apes. The doctrine of evo-
lution is a much broader proposition than the ab-
istract theory about monkeys.
Dr. Murphree believes, as we believe, about the
League of Nations. He believes in the great under-
lying principles of the league but he does not be-
lieve this country should tie itself, hand and foot,
or that it should in anyway endanger its own inde-
pendent right of action. He believes, however, that
'this government should use its great power for the
peace of the world.
It has been intimated in telegraphic dispatches
that Dr. Murphrete is not in complete accord with
Mr. Bryan in political matters but this could refer
only to minor detail. Dr. Muhphree is a friend
and admirer of Mr. Bryan and feels profoundly
grateful to him for the compliment paid himn. In
the meantime the Doctor is going on in his great
S, work of education.




Up to January 1 Takes Up

68,162,835 Cubic Yards,

:. in Canal Structure. \



Fred C. Elliott, Chief En-
gineer of State Tellsof

Accomplishment, ,.

The A ...-:isted PreI"
TALLAH-ASSEE. Jan. "'i.--'! .. ver-
glades drainage department, up to
', January 1, hnd .-xcavat-d 6b.1.L.',1 2
t"ubic yards of rock and earth in w'ork
i ii canals or Florida. nacording to the
report for work during the month of-
D.ecember, made public by Fr-,d C.
Elllott, chief englnc.er. ,
The excavation vas done on twen-
t -fihe canals.
The excavation for rhe rear of lqS
totalled 4. i.1,5t a.-.d that .:.' C .-.-
Stiube r alone iilw'.,7
Seen million. four hlurnlr-d and
*%rint.y-eight thouianid, tn.:. hundred
and nineLten cuhle yard- ri:-nain in
h- excavated before the etstinatei of
75.4 41/''1 Is carried ou', the ni:.nthly
r port states.
The canals In rlneth are iS6 '
miles, with all of them op-ii.
Following are the high pint. of
the canal work of the evergla-ei.
Drainage district, as shown by the
December report:
Caloosahatchee, estimate. 4-,;17.514
:uble Yards: total excaval.ed, Janu-
ary. 1. 1926, was 3,12S.664 cubic yards,
excavation for the current 3ear. 141,-
11' cubic yards; total exca.ated to
diate 3.128,664 cubic yards, remaining
to be excavated, 1,255.6l. length of
renal In miles, S: milee" ,. ianal
open, 2. per cent complete, ;* ;2.
C:.press creek. r7;Sl.'s :x':a ated
ti, date. 76S,286 ; length 12 2'.' n'i es,
12.20 miles open, 1il0 per cent com-
pie te.
Danla, 1,163 015; 1,1 16 ,l i; rx avat-
ed, to date, 1.169.019; liengthr, miles
open 5.35 ml!tl conpl.te l1i1 pie
Harney's pcrn.i, stinate 226N 'i'2 ex-
r;.iated, 22 .' -" 1-' ngthl. 3 F.5 n.i'es.
open, same; I1iiI per cent tcnripirte
Nine Mile, pEsimated and exca'ated.
144,610; length. 9. 3 rrile., open sanme,
1001 per cent complete.
Snake Creek, estimate and excaial-
ed. 292,346 cubic yards: length, 14.30
miles; open same: 100 per -enr
Tarnlnl ll estimate and :.ax ated.
2 1,577; length and open, 5 niles;
10n per cent complete.
South New River, estimate and ex-
cavated, 3.613,207; length of canal
and mileage open, 25 mileE; Ifi i) lj '
Snapper creek, estimate and exa-
plted, 572,0An; excavated during cur-
rent year; 3.'411; length and op.n, 12.-
66 miles; 11i) per cent corrmplete
Snapper crrek extension, estiinatl
and excavatedl. '12S,47 i:ubi- yardE:
length and orpen, 5 47 miles; 1i,0 per
..ent complete.
Indian Prairie, estimate and exca-
\a.ted, 1,612.076; excavated during q-'5
"i9.5,74 cubic lards; length and open,
:i).53 miles; 100 per cent complete
Hillsborough, estimate. S.j,56.916 cu-
hie yards. excavated, 7.7413.14, ex-
.'avated during lZ5., 2td6.451, duiinc
Ereceimber. 9,519: remaining. i.l7,'Ils
u.ulic yards: length and opr. 3u
North New Hr er, e-tLmale. 1!'l -
f; .i (ubi, y r'js: fx.-' .at.-J t.r .an.i-
S ary 1, 6.55.231. during 1I25.. 4l1 4;;
Lubic yards: during Decemnh.-. hii.-
135; remaining, 1.517.711. length arid
open 59."2u miles
Miam;, estlmale, 11 157.023: ex'-.
rated. January 1, 8.211.16;: reniain-
ing 2,375 .51 cubic .ards, lengih arid
open, 7.70 miles
St. Lucie, estimate, "l,7.';.n:'2 x-
cavated, 2i",82f,0?2; excavated during
11.5, ,.273.9?7; during De.-il b- r, i..-
5nll remaining. f05,.L6"; l-ngfth and
open, "5 miles.
West Palni Beaci. estlniate i .4.i- .-
Ifrs cubic Y.arda; excavated to January
1. 9,283.3546 during Il2.. 1.12' .7i*;
during D'ecember. $.611; remaining,
16t,756: length of canal and miles
open. 20.90.
Moore Haven, N. W., estimate and
excavated to Januiary 1. 1"2,90*). exca-
.1ie-d during lis25, ".73uj. length and
open, 3 16 miles; Im'i p-r cent com-
Moore Haven Sand Point, estimate
and excavated. 678,605; excavated dur-
ing 1925, 207,637; remaining, none;
length or canal and open, 11.2? ri;les;:
lIn per c.-nt complete.
Sand Point Miami. estimate and ex-
ca\ated, 356.238 cubic yards: ex.:.\iat-
ed during 1925, 65.i;:; length ot canal
and miles open, 11 52.
N. N. River-Hillsborough, t'tim.ate
and total excavated, 12 41n: Inle o of
ranal and open, 2 66; 1i0 per cint
Miami N N. p Pecavated and e5-
rinate, 370. 41 nilage and open,
6 8li.
Hlllsborn-Bac'oin Pt. excavated and
estimate, 450.600: excavated luring
1"25. 1.500; mileage of canal and oni.
18 S3: 100 per cent complete.
Lateral canals, estimate, SA7..:il
rubic yards; total excavated. 7s.-
909: excavated during 1925. 6C.9e;:
.'2 36 miles in length, open, amne.
Miscellaneous, estimate, and Fxca-
vated to January 1. 231.000: exca' ated
during 1926, 182.7S8; during Decemher,

Page Two




Consul in l Engineer
of U.. .Service
I Makes Address


'Drainage Congress,
Holds Annual Meet-
ing in St. Paul
(Palm Beach Pi.... .r
Q F1"[ ',i,',, "'" 22-PPa,-
. l- in _l.,.1,1 : p ;,l l-
S : Cl ,.. t .lII i .. l ., I,, r, rt l i.i- i-
ness each year becai :: ,- i-.i: :i
S.! Ii ,1 r,.l .1 effort: 1., .- ..I, .- re -
clu iir,..i j I an d : , ll nI i .i i -.
the country, F. H. .';: l .i: uli-
;n engineer of' t-, i ,,i,t .1 -Ot.
lr.:Ilti.it in service 'lar' 1 in an
address before the t(.oti ,ii l i, i ..t-
of the intern'tr,...it l .I .t, ai-

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"No Democracy, Political or

Industrial, Can S u rv i v e

Without Discipline": Coolidge

Wei- 1i-T Hills tM'ass., Aug. .--Ir -ne. Neith,.r political nor industrial
I irling the past tic.- months Calvin democracy can relie--: mankind from
C:o.-jl..r e. iie-preIld.ent of the Unit- the requirement of c.hedience Tr.er.-
.i i--s. has een giving great is no substitute for ..rtue Tor
thought and study to the labor situa- much emphasis has. .-een put on th
tion owing to .the coal and railroad desire to rule and roj I;ntlr- on the
-i-;k' In view of the. masterful obligation to obey. ,lMore and more
-. -v which he handled the Bu-t.,:i il1 --i)cal probhi-ni- munit ir. work-d
-..1i;. i -.'- irr;i.- in 1919, he wa'-' o Ir In accor-lan.- n ith thi princl-
i t.; i,. .t.-.r, industrial ci-r.n- 1.--. An o i:.dirnt natilun v oould pos-
ferenpe to state his position or, thi? -.; -;upr-n-t poi Ver The lanj of
momentous question. i,1i. 11,' law' of proc:ile. i the law
Mr. Collidge assumes we will ae- if ,:l.. deI-re:i. l: i- Is" ,-f ei-r.'ir.
cept labor unions and that cpi il "'WlI,-,.-jr v ill t.- re .t among
labor and management will unite in i'j I him I.- -.i.ur mirnitrcr; and
bringing about a true industrial d-,- r .o-e,..ver will ilief among you,
mocracy. But--he states fearl-.Esl," lt him h. your -efrv'r.t
that no democracy, political .-r Iln-
dustrial, can survive without r]i.'.l.
I I.-rre iri.atl be 1 i -' and ordtr. C r..h-.'d;
S i al i i r. i iorr. mu t F.- cr-ar' rd .ir..i
.*c i-. .i n *-.ld.r r:'r li.- 'Lage- "o -rlb-
r t ri r ,I r l to g t peL on. 1-i' ,- r i
'"or.i) a ar f.. t',llo-
STi.: r.-.d lull.-r- realizrl-:in nrnd
a ir.:. i r r r ;*- mnl re h r ,n i.r i.ii
m' r riirijn t.:.t- i o ptj.iti,.-&l and -..,,-
rinmnil, d(1 mocrn: ir . In tli'l, ag', -
'.r-n.:- and In-erilor sand -r .anriz -
S!:.n. L theri- a p'~:. ll need lor *i
ill u r aidi- rinngd i:f rh.: roundrla-
ti r.- r c.f iridl rir l dermocracv T -Th.:
.-.ri d--rno.lraev ie us;.d ] rvi inan -
rirt, liv. Ir |I oftrrn rakern to zignlf.
fI'rl':.jorn and e-in.alirv. MAl ny r ha.e
riouehl. ii re-r.re-nte-d an aihrence ,f a
MI] re.trairr, rOrlier: h- -',- .:.rF.I- e
er:l ir a.: pr.:vdina a rel;'- f r..-m all
dlutile. Tlhe percpl.- :.r Ani-r;:ra ha.v-
Ir,rg I re-n ril- urnr itredl to d,-nlr cr a v
Thl r b,-i ti I'nght Ioft Lh. norld ha r
b,',.n v t a.' to ilunrl-ile nd i ta mn'. r
he exp-tl'd of ir i. [fir't to uniler-
-r rn 1 hat it I-.
There hc .' n,-.'er her-n any organ-
12.'d ,l i-,I t wt t lt.it rulers. TI.: r,
er-at cr-e.r.r o f manlind: has e. r-n
pr rtedl tih I :ruglh irn oif a<: lt n
Th;- Isa- nie-anr [he aladpthin rf a n
i -lmmoi n et ndard. In rrnosr ar.i'1r -nr
tii11 Ithi' \'s- ri:prer- ntied inr the
chieftain In motirn tIni-s- it r- rep- a
re-entedi by a cr.- .-f la In's Tli r
nipiortant facor tr. remember I [hit n
Ir has always required jhbedl-nn'- d
D.niorac:y is obe-diincr- to thI rul-M
of the pcr ple. ,
"The fallire, to apprei-ate tli le
rld uble function of the citizen ha lI pr-
t':, much mi osuncr'rstandinE, for it ;- p
-\rv olain to set.: That tire cannot of
1.- any rule of the people n-itihout a
p-ieple to he ruled. The different hi
herteen d-rlpotlsm and dermoracy ise
not a difference in the requilremnrtien
.1' obedienc'e, it 1c a difference in he
rrlers. The American cltizrn ip *,t
.-rn,- a tsoverein and a slihi.ct. He
beonme an absolute sovereignn blay
ab-olute obedience. H- will -h a
limited sovereign if he limits hi-
bic-dinnce. The criminal l--ses all hi
fre-dnom. It is easy ti. lee Th'r de-
mocracy will have attained perfec-
tion when laws are made whor-il'
wlFse and obedience Is made wholly
"One of the great traEedles of
American institutions is the experi-
ence of' those who come here e:x-
Inecting to be able to rule without
rendering obederie.- They have en- er
tirely misconce'lved the meaning- of
democracy. But they need not dls- C
turb Its defenders. To cast It aside ki
rould only mean the acceptance .if Lr
some old kind of rulers which hat-e
already been discarded. The trunk pr
hope of progress lies only In per- dr
fecting It. Already it is better than no
anything else In the world. Buit It
rests entirely on thp people. It de- Ch
pends on their ability both to rule
and to obey. It Is lhart they are. let
The eovernmrnt is what they, make
it. This same principle has been CB
working out.lIin r..r econoinle and in-
dustrial life. We are slowly, and M I
of course painfully, arrin-mg at a Lw
state or democracy in thil fii-d In ca
its development It has been analn.o- o
cous ti the development in politilil ca
life. It is. not Very lonh ago that po
the mann who ownnd an Industry as-
umnied to be the absolute lord \ er fo
it He ruled ;t He fixed the hoiurst
and the conditions ,or employment -l
and dictated rhe amount of azgE. aI
-le recognized IIrle nr no orllga- ad
[ion tocw.rds his emploves and had
little regard for his customers.
"In lartee enterprises tlie owner-
ship pralisilly became more anti
ni:-re d'Ide,-d with the ad-ent Eof the
I corporation. In thai r.aie. oft.Cn-
Stmes teli manne.nientr wars -ntruJ'ted
re rrpresentlt3. le. whil.- trhe nroners
correoor.J.-d io absenter landl..r.,l
"Under th. 'csrem., a i -i:,n a. s rrl.n
Pl poyes cIrrid r.rea3nlz, ant make de-
mr'nd-c, a ,~ nd-ltl n existed .r:hlli 1-i,
to th. nlm.- t aillent ani bhitr-r .if
Industrial dl-pr.t.- All -inrd wr: re As
ei- rlv a..er ir ine i liir richt to rIle br
forrcet!ul ,.f lheir oblliatlon to ohb y er
"Investiz attil n and e-p,.rlince have an
crafruall, brou ht '-bo, t biit [l rrP :.g- h
nitl-lon of th- correct -rnln-lple. 'Time
and ecorn..nil- deve,-:.om,- r[t will in- la
-.ire Its ridor't lon Industry is chang- all
inr from the ineo-rr of exc,-li] i- n BcO
rhe theory of0 inelijI.-n. It no .onei ?r I
Io content, with one en-all pr rrtf th
rlth- Indivllual, it ,eel. rio enlist 11ll b
ir? Cnoc, rs to re'-.L' nie all hii'
ri;gbe as well iP r.-iiirr th[l per- n
f-.rrmin e of all his obli-jari-r r In
the I.j-.ea Industry ,each individual ne
would become an ow-ner an -n'-ir -t.:,r
and a manager, a nlr .t-r and a C-r.'-
ant, a ridler and n ** i;..-t. Tb.i
there wor.r l.i "-, efnrhlr,el l a stc.-ent i f
of true industrial democracy..
"In very nianvy inflistries this is ri
already tal.'ine place Employes are .
ernourar -'d to purchase stock in theP
.-ornoraiirn and are pro-.ide-d iw;rli
r-rdit fac;lltl for pich purn--t.
Thic elves them ownership. They
Ar encorlrit-ed to make 'uJe'r!-tlins
f.rr the h.rrer conduct cf the bu. i-d
ness. Tlir.v are requested to apply
their Invenrll"-. ability ih the vari-
ous mechanical onerations. Through
'trade unions and shop enmmittees
thcv have a large share In the de-
trrnrlnation of wages slnd conditions
oi I~nlor. 'yi the Intr.rluctilon of the
-.'.line .cnle and plec- work they
chare in ilie general prosperity of
th.- concern This gives them man-
ag-ement. .Thus industrial democracy
i', lInc praduallv developed.
"Thi-r' is, a principle in our eco-
nrrrr.ic ll.f that needs somewhat more
emrrhasis. Tong ako James Otis de-
deared that Icings were made for the t
good of the people and not the peo-
nle for them. It nceds also to be
remembered that thbeeople are not
created for the benefit of industry.
hbut industry ;i creart.- f,,r the hene-
fit of the r.-r.nl.. Tho. e who are
employed ai It or- rri chief bene-
ficia.rles. Those who have acnuirerl
ca.nital provide the plant and ma-
chinery for the workman. Those
who hr ,. aRco uled skill in organi-
ration r.rnei.le iheI mRanae'ement for
th1e --nrkrrnn The manaRger secures
the ray' pr arerilP and markets the t
nrodunt. Capital and nmana cement
nrrtorm rhi- gretr ser'tlce for the
l.c~r.it of the -orkman Hn e per-
fr.'rms c :orreCnon'llng service for
them. T"rto 'a-'h -'hr. e-inrrlihuI te in
-,'c,-.rilan'nce it; hl nhabilirv their. is
due equal consideration and equal
honor. There is no degradation in
industry: it is .a worthy enterprise.
ennoblin- all who contribute to it.
It will be successful in accordance
with the onp.,rttunitr -iven for the
,-levre'oirrit orf all the powers of
m.inklr.- n..l1 ofu the acceptance of
r hi r.blicition alike- to rule and to
ob v.
"The' disappointment which ha
been exnerienced, at first thouebht.

Sin the Increase of power, whether
of wealth or place. has resulted from
11.- r-:rrtfatnn that It would i.rinpe
rr~ilef frjni he- necessity of ,il- JI.-

IrEl', r ih,. di anci, iv'in thi l
,:r if1 thc h a,.h ,a', [, ,'.[ic re t'', 'i '
ll.t *.c' h1ad hb..n c.l..n:i..-rcd a 1i1o- \\hitman, cirlando. pIrc"ji
ticI. '..a, a ici.ted 'ord rin thli re- --. Cha-e. Lc:ala, vi..e prea,'
n,...al ,.,f all '-icli C l is inl Sara ..'L, B D. Ca_.,,ll. Saint'rd.
,U it'. Itre3 su r,-r.
T'lce crclccT:il, c ,' iii Lee c cc-i.
tInt it ra.i'ii.'v ilia. 'i"g I.- a rir.,c and
lu Ii lk..h h li st .-hipinic i .t any\
Sarl tmani ill Le madi t e e School P -a
T be I T Finrt Ml'-rs Ne _; sai the -ea-
El a,- I -o i ha; l. i A juit.: a ,,'rAt ,le .'. O f l
d 1s a. ail c.l .;.c- at' a thii t inci on O f CLLa
bLhnd- ai- il.lict if 1i th -a-i a *j: i Ioif 'n i ull I
cr, nr ii,.rLhei ii t .- li'.i.c if thi -ltate. .1,
1.__ _i_ : s: u _._1 ____ n t >"
'iinicl IFORD PROPOSES E h l '"
I t-aLr a i lll ti ht period- nl e\t
sle iuic ATTJfVNIAT D A; thich perinds 1, 2. 3- 0. a'
It inuici- l. e u.el ill cla I wi.ork.
t. The %ll be a 45-minltute period
Iii liiI'l .. INTL E LC O UNTIV capt on M-nday, chiorus
a IINroad. I LEE COUNTY d.,, \Vedneiay and Thur
e Culnni-- __ cla.. meetings on Frida.
I rcce : 'criod. the 5th, \%ill be us
,,1 tih. '.'4,- ,ll"nld 1 a1. 1. H ,-nrv I -or,. :n plannin._ and d tlici
1Profl,.tL t-c he' i IO, IJto blc iJn lnate, it b "- cau.e of the .-r,- ded col
ie di- trlc. tour cion o,:, l toda the
i.dated b% a l .= : tir c orn r t ot[erin,. the ao nme tit, ni d i- .nliv p,:ls ibil
ature. i t l e ra: land i r t grent gr-uping .c f th, gr
C ph ,, p at LPe Lco nt 1 lol l. for ;, :' 1 juniir High school.
Secti:,n ha... r ,-n:.1 C, 1ro, ~d th, o'ern-''cr upl"in fiollo-. The
Ilart'l cre ,hc0 i hel.li 'd tI build r'ad in ,ndu -e v.ill Ihe ,place
runlci g ll the Iart and i nrk, other i ,rove- .uriin uf ithee Grad
La st ,eek thlt I1,n 'in ,m buildiic. This
irol.i:, C:r-n,.t Ml F-ord ocr n tly p itnt -%\v ral grade. 7 to 12 in the
er b y,. Nichol l neelL: 1 ,L1 :\.', r-. ith liTh)m as l nbildimn ,h ich ..ill be
.rtied the arld' .\ -,j:c .. l : in,.-nto', v bo lia a junior High of the
\e t, 20lit.i mo c a ,,tr Ir' W i 'n 11 lt,0 and raAde:. 7, % and 9: a311
g.- L.e:ii' ra.t C Ii oI n l iin a i l t h I.,Lcei ntl irL "I- H i;h .,f the. r maiin l g
c.r tIui m ,i ".t I 1 l lth ch" l,' -ibilitii .- 0t B d,,i i lt c 11v I
t Liarti t. i -,[ cr.ti' n o :' t l i itat a.nd 'na i l- uS c ry cla,rl ,oin,
t__r_____t,, o-Iti'd rit i' natural beuti:i- ]l'i Til, i: inec,'.::ir l.cca
.r,;t :i'Liut.lI.:lurer .-, -aid it lI;ha e v,e ha\e and tihe di-tia
dnid Hadirt ) Di- ,.oi n Ir .i.le the reh'iark l, tha the imulj-t p ,a in reac ml.n
t.-.r th: ,-ai .:i'.' L l "t I [ pre-- in Lee countli aid R iLcircici tco a t:ur
C. I.ier .Jic.irII- f,- ith r :, iii CiaI ti.- C 'l c iio ,)i th; 5:,th fle
- li,. l:.[iciI w : -,li- re in the Lrnit- deai i- v.iith its.-,,u
t -i .:,rk ,ii tihiie S, itc, .\ And b inl -..nil v.tlitl deficmtwn this peri
ke -ch-l c :.Lii:- Cit. i 01 k Ii.ori -n..in, tr lord no.tic,-:d ut l ,\ all studentss t
iK: c:. II ', In.. thatL i. li turkrl. % cand other armlie i.,. Thi, [,,riod ,il
it a. l it he Maicl, j b uI-, ir d i thll.: prCjo-_ -c park. Oin Fridac ol each
:t that E P I I ],:ii 'of M r. Edi.o:ii iho rc- .,ar all fir-t cl-is
ractujr. lia. Ic I -i,: at Fort M cr hlie-.c d. cu--_ed r-..oi lfor iit'uc ti
,.Jin .Ii rlC iihl.l'l ie. i c I.ttirC tro ti t11 lin I- to i nic and ic 11 'tlE .. tC,. urI uc I(
I: quiplnitil hai . it I1,:l broiLc ht to tiiI: ,at- -ubj.lct. acI d mcriake
.ork ik' iainia i. iii te i.n .:.f eni.c.:r ]leltch r thi e icxt two I ) cO ?
I th- r I.a' Ei. Str. l r Fl tc l:. r lia- ia rt. :i to 3r.d pri.il cla.,
l1u- i .lf thl Miaul t Ik llt inllttti] ill. nth i i. Fol i rd h tii c ud .1,,A
it I i c.i..i tIIU- 1 ijd t. c.-.lla, bori ; .ith olthi.r in c til t ,h l Ier
e c.urtL i I.- L.,r- ci thc FI loi- i i .ouiires-ionnal Fr'lai. of the eI
I',:'n _.I lic road hi:l,;.ii.n in Li dic;,.o 'rini, to brimn ''w inc iia i la
I.. ni1 j,]- ij d a b-, lil a k lI, ill-'1I Luin r:Lz iid i mt ,'- [|le d flhii' tll
d,_ i:triLt. i. cll, .,rOiC.'t \\Vic thcl_- ha, ,io tIc c ., .%
bh e n ,rr, 1l .C-1 S.lvnaLor 1:le IC h1 r Ir.t ll rl' u It
cf ciri ucit ..o.w I h,- -.,dl iat iciciicd. cli'ort ,. t- I 'achelC

't at tin i.:-
', uri,; Publicity Board's
Personnel Named c

1i'Jl jic.r 'dilli31ti1T a --i ai:tL Ic It
11 i ll ilollot ,, ill t ile
vi i ..I21 ali. f und rai
li ."': at the Ch.,
o'i-ms s tr

WNood For .--
Crating. .- -. g-L
The Forest Service fithR,
United State D)epartment of
Agriculture has added its in-
fluence to the campaign of the
American Railway Express Com-
parny to indtuie shippers to pack
g.ood.I better. The express com-
pany's purpoTpe is to reduce waste
of good.s. The Fori.st Service is
interested ii reducing the waste
of wood used for packing bImes
and crates.
It is riep 'ortec-htt nearly orne-
sixth of the nation's total cut of
titiber goes into boxes and
IC: rates. Formerly there was lit-
tle attempt to discover the
mo.;t sei viceable sol t of \ woio
for this purpose, or to measure
the. strain that crates had to
endure. Now, however, the
Forest Products laboratory has
machinery which subjects the
wood to artificial shocks and
strains extAtly as severe as
those received in actual trans-
portation. By means of this
machinery researchers can de-
terminie the coirect amount and
quality of material to use, the
results of using woods with cer-
tain defects, the adaptability of
different species of wood and the
best types of )box and crate con-
-.tructionll. :' :
The old idea that wood is
wood, and that any sort is good
enough forl crating purposes.
will pass as a result of such in-
v~stigations. The discovery of
the right wood for any specific
use is. always an aid 6t conser-
vation, for it makes: possible an
estimate of the annual consump-
ti.,n and market for that varietyy
a~nd encourage sufficient replant-
ilig to maintain the supply.





iT C .1II

men plan-
on for i-
'ti k ansi
h i-i''ii ad
rkY L rli-i r
Ilk 0,r,:,Li h
.-y I r.:.p,o e t
f them said
fro Ic ill
i..e.tr i-L le
.th, banie

l., nEI i- 5
r,,- ,t e,:r ef!,ie
Ip r aile N-..
rirr d an- ri--
a I r rym[ n 'm I "

ii c'- I i- I-i ur rr -

uat. it:.'r ,i f n -,ll t ,
t!e. d ryml nn should
ie of all rhb ir -ur-


l -Chas. U.
Ki.e WEiLr, grald, 'Il'Satr
.,i !'hn' lodge .-f Il.x-
h !'I iad ],. ig the -ori.c-
el eh t E t rll ta
tie rapito l e renr inr April
r 4.ir In nCCerJi!ptr tle Irnvi-
rlt h\ IeC : erlnOr Hardee andl
tr rs ,, tI e ci'piti:.l e rt',r i nil.n
lOu that th.3 C.-riTert.B-rie bea
t!ic MasFinls. Grand bNaster
in s9 y l'ie 1' 11l pers .nally of'
,-.I tI oeeca ion and a-'li that
-,. E L i:-1e dl-.telL dr-putt.
,eii n it stlion.e to alI th ,_ lodgt-,

orlna, .\pril i.-C F' RlIe-,. a
,. i %' l- .iin ,. i. d one Ie he
tel]y tLenl- inined to itl home oil
lualiu '.- s I ', -. itid un alce t"I
e,_'t in the- ni, ne, c, a ',able l i .f
ierle.firolr, the Kiniabtl, of the i~u
SKila 'Tlie 8ift eI.a. ac ComiJane
t,'C. l s.lin,-in r VIA d r
Please I 'eIe. tli,- z 1it tlc ten
ur cysh t hdobJo n "--ur t.-u-
dn ,. af'flec n 1 .i.t ii, sn, en- r
*rh t 3oUr bealLth ni.,y pr .n be

Fort lMyers, May s.-Thomnss A.
Ed '-n trinlki thai Fo;rt .Tyers Is _o-
ri to undergo iornderiul development
iL, rle nr-ar fulijt re. HI-. ra!d r o. y-C-
iprta-'. necordling ti the' Fort Myers
v.'hen. hi' atltnrl,c:n v. 'i called it.
t[lii aIt rhil S-cr ier A A. c tta dllr
of N-:w Y..rl: and l-'ort Myer, liha
just let a ti. eintrat-i for opening
up at oncei th- fi; e i-l. -a're "'Celitr.i!
Hi-eights ub divivsiIl near tin. he-aI
.[- th i ?ty th. p-errie-.. Inrl erait r an.1
ci- trie'ai 'i zi rd i.,il': "Capitalln t
l ,l e. S rnat-.ar S~t l.dir ii ill nmal n..
rni-stake in de.ei-l.:.-in.r ir.a b u, ii i ...n
i-ar th. llrm is rf tilis i,;ty'. n.ruil trih
..' IJra din tlhe pre.S-rrn nipr,:.i% i- rtL
in p., r 'l r.ln c h I.i| -r Lulld. T lpg I ..r 'nr
l.h: L, ndiwig rnark.:t ii:.r tiu ,-ris. Mr.
Edu e i di. .iairi d
Ir. lie Opirl.n i ..r M r Edisol. tLlle.
SiZla-n l Of i'i..rL. Mayeres ar lackielg in
nrrin rnt 1 .i i l-t l-n .s Ehia, it ,.ul.
,I., v' lr l e,.r [rih- ii I.,, L .-ia.' !n.:r0 a [t :n-
tiln to L oiretiv ltanto t,'i norr i-r' i l n-
in-arIpll.d "Flu-.,er.-. 3nd pali :- are
Ile tlilu ia in .it ttrauc arid a _,r'-,:'l t.
rli,.-' - -,i:.r .. i j,:,rc from rt- N ...r h."
Mr Edi.:.I. 'i.J ".. i Tre -i tlill i -fauhi
i l c- r i'. r-n hlzr. Thle bealut'- -
ui-rri--U i hli b--th- -eauty of c rolerf l
fl. -, r- ~nri d majestic palms--ein
'*~ -su- the- :1 i:i more property trian
a31' -.lh. r !iiieiJ-m "
lMr. E %di-.',n v a greatly Inlerested
Ii. tI!- bhig EPS:-ll srump-puller. whlih-
h> i.-ipe-Ited h, .:-ther day v ith ha
fri-rnd. iHenr,' i:'d H de.lIarad hi-ac
in- .:iiirrp-pill-r iS "ill right." and
I.nr iit- -. r ie there" to d-i thi
ei rl!. H .- rI-,:. ru-i u that for Exts r.-
Bive worit !II Ii. ; ..-untry ine present
gearing i. Ll in- I-l" nrli.hine i. nr:'
Adequate H.,; >..ntl-iitl:n Is ti.h iI
the gear n,.- i. rr.-.l1l1 or quadrpr.ie-d
l.. ni Iu i11'- rie I-'.d at pri EEn i itfr
ifl-r. ' : -i[ m ir.-i i ,-ilhi g the' No.rth.
..,:r r ,.' ,ll-li ..-; ar. difftr renl, L car
.,SiiVl n.in'ile" I n- unruly tlltu ii di- -
Lip r.:bi un ,,J .,ill in tl 1 C. uritrp.
By. appl:.'iriC h.. aine principle :i1
burnlnog -iun- ap s I, ul-ed in nmaiiic
i:l ar.,)a l. Ml r. dir .. thinly. the pr..lI.-
Irrll id ufiruip L-irnirng lire car- iT
r-adil\ -':lt Id i-t? io nited -:.uiL ti.it
rh- Japurai u.. a small portal.l(
I al r, ,r ,gepiaratu v.,'nrj oii thi
iwrI-t or a ,kl?., in -, hlich ouijl. o r'
t-ri ni .if recr i burned. Thl lld l -
w-eighl et',o I' -.I.t g:in," -[i
tI .. da', ar tlniei. i:t a soj all l eI.-
I,,r.Io I.:. p 'dramn r thhr .jigl I h
-mall holb r of w"hicl air I- ad r t"r.: I
u- derslr'd eoe i h' -.ii : p 'r' -'i. p -.
hl'-s ihi ni i r, i:,rine cj i-r -!..,i.'
ii '. III. M r. E-li. iui -a'.- h. I il l s
ltha -. ij'lp- n. : e L.iirle-d" I.sily,
c-mri leiel- and econ:inlcal]l
n,.ill, M-i Ijdi.-cn ivrs- -h,-rcplrig
reAIerdia Mr. I-d I brn -..)r) j d :',r a
'ial r'lti fri ndl', i it pul l .r d:i .n
t.,'n Itc-rc anrd hi n. d., ig'tl-d,
It:. lak-. han 'd a I 'Irli .- adn i I'llig
p i-. .onE 'h ., cir-. t.d 6 hr.n -i,- .'- ill
-nirh i e I -- .'.r tv -- >- Oii, l'.-r ,t.n
div. at leaIR. ialln-H. lrilno n ed for ULs-
Ii;.P pr* i' iTi r ai ak I I neCl t', s ry for

t.... ._PI i -_I a 'ord as -lC. :d
lierp hi r ir'. 'T'a nor n
tni -.( li-,m- milel .nsll .S s r Jr lnnl Pra-
hytrri, "will proe t in the Pti:- ter-


Leesarurg, .'.prI 9.-An in
facI conr-ei-cn < ;ernriar
-'I rih L tlil late v'ar h Ea
Ite- ii jrld war r.agar dii ie
-iubotaP..: and propadganla., a.
In fact. tiat rIfin, ri-.:.pl*
i.oe whole il' h I I a a criln
niere net. app i l:.a bilI. B'J
iE Evidenl rcht tnel :r ir-an, ,:
tI:- -aidc'lt.ie ie pr.' i:nr by a
p:i-s,-rslon of the Le LsoDrg (
DL'uring t.? nr a ia. tur-
Hi-l.kAry. Tenn.. InrTr.i.ifiCtrec
LinIe-J Stat-' go'.'ern6in-nl, I
of D.-Its and oilier iri:n r:a
be -zii t Ii d ui ='iJ e"s- aIa It n ]
rbe paSlir d o\I a Li.: st. n t n
rI pij r aril ii:n tru.l .llun ".
tlle tloe-c of tlh el niU :l
--t.ff I i it ft n Is hand,
promoti:rs of theI Gras F,
ur.n PFape r Clinrpor. -:.n
he'.er I tLhoui and 0alts t,.
in Ih :oni-'iru-_tii.l or itr ]
N -.- 11 i L ner ic i aa riotI
their botis until the. 'Er- L
r-hbn it v.a.s ieL-ied tliat
tin -li eah br.en ICea. ailm
Cernrer. from lt:.Lrh iJes. Ii
a bare e'-gnth of nri InP
Inta:t. I hen ti "- IUT I \'
d,:i n it :-orpleietE ly e'-'.nrr'
ci lons, and th- holt ar,
fsc.t In e,.iry r Lpect.
Th" bol .j:ffercd in eili
truthll ilne's of tl'.s itc.
4 1-2 incrh-e icon7 and
dlamete'cr. Hadi it 'ti- i
se'S il wri-.-l1 Ia.-
eiiLti-r t l r-,.' n i I'ay. oir
cnn structO.:n ''.t 1 by :
ofI tIhe ;*n" nbh I' lutiLla
sibly d:.,d h i '
inan i i dollars "thd Ini;,
the- niearie of c'l u ln
manY i\\'eB.
Ian in r.bli al A3t.--r
.April 6. li.r-it ia:lnd tl
H,-:_'ge DL.- w.n i'h
ein= -:hosien c del,'er
,ddr.;; a[ t t.i- o10s'
Er st Bcrhervillo
-e-e ral c-f tl I to-
Ae-or. leaving Eeera
buI E'"1"t *:Ii',.-r r r ,
side are cd re-nr i--
hide- irv Ci ,:,nn" II
places, and p.crhni.
lsges i Ill thub b
line it.riml : retu
rc. Ir will hb no':e-
i-.,age t hI.re A
.1 eicreert contract
As.tor i begin
suin, the Lomli
It won't sit ar
-.ill sore-ad It-
f,,Ir nHmic ith
e...I r r 1c t -.v; i

a. I 0.



H ill'


Circulates Among the Most Active Builders
and Developers in South Flor:da

News of Drainage Districts




Annual Subscription, Two Dollars.
Single Copy, Five Cents.



rk Here During Past Year

Two And A Half Million Dollars
PERMITS FOR 1921. 'a,;n.i and thi. citructi.:n of a
Palm Beach West Palm Beach 1920 garai, in each c t: at a c...st of ap-
Permiit No. of .Atera- Permn I'erinit ,.. at\
Totls Ptrmiits action, Total Tl tials
.------. -S 15 1t 39 $ 11,175 $ 7..2'I $ 59.245 A '*' atr to, 'r :o 5u0.001 iil allonsi
12.350" 28 2.4u) i .39,&S i 24.SI1) ,catl.icit ha'4s I itL erected in Palm
.l--- i /7.61.i L.'87; .35.'2 Beach 1.\ thei \\ et Palm Bcea,:li \\ a-
---------18.300 14.72 75 8.5i 5,18 1.r Compan, Ne' mains up to 10
09420- 2- 11.61) 1151 2ifl2 325.77h5 i hc: are hcbtin laid and .ll smal
..-----. 1'..7 u) 4.3 8.05) 214.425 Y7,.1.1J I) maill- rlllninll, north anid south
142.841 36 19,925 117.150 ,s4,975 tlii',ugh tl. .iter of ile t a i ale
-.-------- 2116.01. 20 l',223 5it,95U 55,70)J0 Iing relila:e.d '.. ith lI. 12 and 15
..-------- ..l5 J 50 11.710 133,5ti 44,S55 mi.h mains.
.--- ,4.0- 4 1 .i 13.r.25 130.454 72.56,5 The filtration plani i i \'Vt,
-------- 1 00 1 13..211 1xo..025 82,..O [P-'aini -adi i. n: .A iI rpecrtion and
l.-- ----- I.< '1 66 4.025 'yo.b5i.i 53.r20 the '.,at ir is the i ur;-ti cry v.at.:r
to : hi ifitln1i ill tllh state.
$9.,580 585 $12i,3-40 $1.35353,355 $t2,3(15 .The cit\ Innis i fi Palm Beach
ha, e .been (.tended 2 nilcs s'.-utli
.. $1.691.1. The In conpar orand I 11il Iti niaking the torwn
,iTh$1e1 T Ii ,oniparljs'n t, 192:. the per- II lu -, long StrCeet light-, hate
dditi...nal \ ing to the mllits istlued this sear e.:ceed c.er.r Ic., erecte-1a ai' lilnd,-capr garden-
tmi nt t.-s .u -d dur in- i:.ilh ex':ept May, which It-al a to- r hi'. tl'. n lin ..J tc '. .rk ,.ni
tMaN fot r $I ,.UIi.I tal of $325.775. due to ilh: permit pll\,;ia,,I an.I tractss The city
'. tiA l to $151,- fio $30 .I.i for the G,.'od Samaritan limits of \\i .-i '.Alnim L. ach ha.
Hu.spital, and $22I-U.10 fior thi origi- als. i h n r .xti:ii-led
it; :re issued nal Lak, Court Apartment build- .\ In-., lrc i rr .'k lhait; I in-
i. miakring an ini stalled ti IPain B'tachi and thrc. newv
.r tach per- Includid in the building achieve- truck, ha. 1re.i ddced i tlh Sani-
Inent.s i. ilit nO:' $75.01C U BrcakerI tary ,ideartmient.

ued Duing Year

lding of Modest Homes

during comfortable homes or preteitio.us
ont of apartineni.'
the 52 The bungalow t:,pe .of house, fin-
that ished in stucco,of variouss tinis is
ct- proving pjpu.jar Practically all of
the new structures are being equip-
tde ped with builh-in conieniences, .uch
a- as breakfast alco\res, buffets, iron-
ing; -Il-ards, linei closeLts, cupboards,
s shelling. aind ice-boxes.
Spanish architecture prevails in
e plans of the, larger buildings.
ugh stucco finish;, arclied doors
Sintidos -. peck)' cypress ceilings.
:ls. and loggi:t, tiled fliers and
jamental attractions furnish these
ildings with an atinospliere hiat
usually found only in the more
T .airi ctintrs ines .




Candidates Are "Mak-
ing Good" In Two'o
Offices -

(Chaiimani Pahllm Beach C.'unt.
Lic gue of \'om.'rnl \ot:rs '
Look ~v eanr



B., KARL RIDDLE. fountains L.. the Buildiiin Trade,
ICi'y Manager. Council. tu .ho ti lici-r ciipr',ciati-:on
Thi.: \.ar of 191 ha iles de. loped of it. e park
th. tolionitgI impro\emnents and The L-quiiielil ,et O the ire depart-
%,,.rk for tll city of \\Wet Palrnl mn""t '3 a- iltcreJasd by the delr.ery
bach : On latnuarl 4 a contract oI a 11new t'': 7'5 triple c.-.'tlbinatliiL
'. as 'It for tnc constTuction of ao plmp, chemical andl luse motor car.
septiic talk for the aiutl.im.-hil- camp fli'i being 1lu. secoimd ui .cc :of t hi
a' a cost oi $500. fpe'C i equipment.
The tank is .o th .: automatic flu.sh I addition to those al,.:'. ,: pumps
chanilbr design and Is suffiICItl e1 1ha-.t aa smal"er t,1lpe .Iof older de-
large :ior 311j persons. sign. Also a hlok and ladl'dr truck
lrei cainpi iurrotundd-J Ly an and a Htudsiin touring car.
r,.p.eii eep of country on all ..Jidi: The Fire all a o J- ,. rliauld.
aiiI1 i- equipped wanh shower bath-i,most oi tho w, rk' byte d,.:.nt ,n the
nimd.rrn tiAlets. pure %,iater rcni the rooii ard beltr), both or which were
Citv supply. ti.Itric lights, garbage '.erv nuch in need cif repair. The
aid1 tranh collection St rvice and tl c..luumn sul.p .,rt' tli.. L..-lir had
protected b thie scr'.iice of a super- settled unti l t I as lat.. atndl the
iitende rt wvil pil ce poAstrs. criLb':N. v hicli suippo.rts the bell had
.-n .,rdintanE, a.as passed to regu- "I .er bet: relatedd vwith a wo:-d pri-
' lait the c nmp *.lhiclh nal.,:i it pi s- .srat. e and ,as .; ; bc .1:; d dca, cJ
,ibl i. i.t:ur,.sts t I. ..tain pr, c- I that tih: ,-ell v .as Jb ut t..' ial' The
ti.,n aivl c.iili rt I l1K u ia iUiiIIaii: tl'ill n.'i r., inmu h ii tn .l of paint
o a, drav.in Ii 1 harni'ciiy .ith tile al'] ha'd L, i ii -:gl-tIe d s I.. l ig that
pro.. sioso i L I tle l .lair.e board ui lna11iti-. 'A.r-.rk va. !i:ri .. ary Lu r -
-Health and a co s inailtd to them. p'la, it i ,, g .d cu diii:.n
A. I.- ti r s% a.s l%, ii rrce .ied froin .tlel.rso:in i r, hich hc'Ad at lie
,i.. .sate B.oard ort health in hich east :i-1 of FlaglIr Lbui.,ni. ard, %a.
they coitnititii d L cr:. i or3hly up- rt-contru.L-cd i .\pril at a cost co
on the camp which %as later in- $48(l
:,.,.cttd by several officers o tile T'he 5uthi Painl Bl3'as i1cr
It-partn i.t.t i, :ludio Ger c \\'. r-ut,:, ir tr,;.r d iin Octibr at a c..it
-.-ni.:i:i -, chfir engit -r 'rt':l i o $293 -
par-' in ni.m m t l nc nie r p3 JL 'if Bn.th i:l tIl ( acr ;rt d i.L '" treat -
the Flloridi ctiies in w hichti lie ied .' itnh a o'.jd pIecsicrat.ie whore
Camp was cited as a model o0.1 ThI. \,:,,:,d miak-, contact with water and.
following tI pi~al article is a part ot o ill lnt decay as quicklia as the
a half-ci.:lumn that appeared in cthe former ont,.
Tampa Trtibune on November 9, 1921 .A \\oo'id:laini cemeter,' t was
and citppLd tby them from the Gaines- iice-:.ary to reconstruct the hibis-
,.'i11. Nc...s. . cu h,,d ie along P'oinsttia street L.t
Thee cities of \\'et Palm Beach a coiitrat co:t ofi $1,3'7 and the
and b-,radentu ln hai.e recently hpr:.- Iro'n Late wa- found in ery had
inulgatdtd \cry tusnllc.si-like, com- c.mnditn'on :o'-. ing t tlhe n'e'ed of
pri-nientlsic ord .iiaiie.-- to handle I [ int, and v. f o.I I 'adl, rutted that
,:amps. The \\s.ti Palm Btacn or-l iin,.. Lase Iplatis for all the orna-
dIianciic define the limits ol them -nst- had i.:. be made in addition
c-inm grr.:.unid it creates an il fice to ctlir machine ov.Crk
ol tie ca3ip ,uperintendent with I't .-\pril 27, \\' S. Barnes, sas
'.:alice and managerial authority; it empl.oyc.J as Foo:i d ihipe:ior to be
requir.:s that all touristi desring as-: oci ated vitlh Dr. (. MI C:,nkling
i. enter the camp apply to th su- Im the Departinnt uf Htalth.
perntendint, gi'. ing name of per- :A milk ordinance ad aan ordi-
son,; in cjhrgc ot party, number iII nance rtEulating the sale r. t,:od
p.iart:. [,p.rmnaint home addre~. s, and drink- v. c-e then passed all of
inAk.i and linumbr otf ajt.minotjilei, wlich hit.'e placed this city in a
lctigtih Of sta, iln callip. .-A if.e of very v g..:c.d colldition
25c per day is charged for. use of The ctirt hls rctci'e.,d hetters aud
camp, thius sunim :. go to a iund pro- relporti from the itat. department
vidcd for the spcial-r trvAic ren- which shi',.'. that it raiik \l:ry high
dered thlie turists in camp. Tlhe in its food and sanitam ri regulai...ns.
camp i.all ope rat in strict accord- It is tile 'pln of the Health De-
ance t..;il re ulailO iis of the state partuin-int t. gradc ilih rlairies, all[
board ,if lih ilth. The :rdiiance pI l.hinl tht tcets s.U that ti e con-
goes into a nuimbr ,_if details r.egui- suiniers1 ina know ith, 'qualit., of
lasting th: ...iidu..t o. the t:turists mIa k i ll u lthei a i lk t, This liha br-iii
and the crdierli i maintii anice of the i t'. thhreI' in order toi plieriu t Ih.,
rounds. In c.ery v.ay the u irdi- dairies I.t iniprove thiiir tandard-
ance is cmplct.: and under it the Tllh: ,..._k f thL pubhlic.wrk
tmp wil rel assured of decent sup- artine it Ih.- L..-en \1r.nr a'all;
isi.:ii M.ore cities ihoruld follow liness ._it malitenaiUCLi aUnd
he. steps of \'est Palm Beach.- s, r..C ict the I-.91.-ll i tl1
esville News-11-9-21. i nietI t ,if the dcI iai, .la
work in Flagler Park was u-,:. Eil. t :nly nv :.
completed from Banyan illl- 1i- ll
the first ally. south of Fern collection
ich, for the year 1921, ii-c
construction o r"
m stallat ini






*\. -i l iii [inre ) I lll bL IL J .- i.ll f .. a iur;
il I. I: UC'[t Ii ll'V l tl lou tof .lii >J oJll f ti -utl` -I. v. etILIll i ULII rA~U 1 I:.I I Diri'j
t'' 1IliI I nO i oi f N.Mr. \',l- n I i:it the ai snl iv men tr the p,-r.on uil per, r-.]o ---,
tullidil2ti..i, whichll I ar- bi na.le- irirci. I it; .i u j'nt. wt il;t at g-vc-n p r,,-,i,
Dirh.. Iave d.on- 4he n'j.- h o i i...mour -', tl.. -
o~r,,]tud~[I. %l : n hH a,_tivn.._ hi th
h.- 15 ,, ,.| +, lh ,^1 _,, ,.-
IFadi--i bip .l' thl? AmerL an pe...Ijle l the p .. tll. .l'Jgil II .-_ lD-.The I. nli.' I
gravi-e aund lieittegt year otf their lhi- the riftefn Iliu-e -r ,. lie l'id ain .d
r r,' rn.lit miak, Lim aI pii n and i'.I n- u naui te: tlii it I illl 1..- wi-ll .i.ii1;Di--
rial u -m l i.-an ti irie a ui-ble. ..owmani..- tli]d ij thl i- bianil an.d.l i L i1iiI,- 1
iI.i a ndJ I l '..'rgel hla1o( \ l ll i i -l i r* Ir t In tlr bI.I I, iIn I.- 1 ., hIli-r I ,,; -' ,,
itt.r gi .-e ii-,J lih- ,.ri iariD li', andl -al-l [',-hi ..- a,- y LiitLIhi .. -ltfrl liberal
en cri-. i-c-n ih dII%- anl.l ] i b i t- ll t. - I tri- ii'. i p. TrI >iI
ence. '.en the dert,'ts. o i n b l;L tPi" h.arht. .. IL t t T Ihe (-i-
r ill iep u liinm vivid awl l inag when thje i-..irdc ,-? r -ir ..t tht-- aiam i a rener.il
[Ii. -lOiiil. Ip :nteinp, i.rar Liatt led e ul norit. Tbe-re :in te rno part- lan ..r -A I?.
. ,.lir;.ill a-" th, p or P '\ n ia t,.u or .iiu l ,Il ':l,..- In'Qrk ,n it 'r inte lnt ,
i l tim ,:- l, k tuf i A t'- s r u i, i t I. It io trlimane. ni-c-.ao r.v, natii.il
l-i.uln tlut l..uk r,.,al Alrea.1, -., rr thho o ary tU- -i and wo')nn ltil
:l,-..lJ :, ,,l ra ti..u ,- l.ilgely ce? ttter'd; [. lu i-|,:,liu e ir. Ne.? \ ] pes tu- (.l
anlid., .:,t ide- of the little tril e of his il- sitb sIh n.itatiLn TI- I i t a runlllh ,f
r abe le rp lir;tal ad;.-:isariei the r.Ipe-.r toluntetPt nu.t a :.:-n[t ript;ii. ..'m ,I"'
and hff'.tition tu the Iitmll.u b ei seriln- .1i :.i' middle ar .l far v -'-rn flori- ; biar
LuPmoiru ablv r : the ia-t .-.t -. f i .' S-trL' gilih .Il'rie d'- .I r 8abe d andi taken their full
: rtuer and pros" anr,,,nd him i t' ln ..t .I r11- re.t f i. ha~ .-.
ThOlleg k,,,tm 1, r,:.n~ f, p-!. t-g'. Tinso hait-- alre olr-u. sn r..
Tlih W ils:,n fu.: ul latiua i- rto f.tii pir- . iun :li the r.l.at ,. all thi t...wn. and
petualll y te the thern'e an lIati -. At n,..'.n Ltzinl "W il-*.,l
high geneioL .-t i.'.ueptiot n .anj t iiittli ll .. rl' l'r.i !' till 1 ri l, :k the vi.i -
a.i ti'irv of p .L.Iici Ner' ii-' aind -ervic-e t., iint'li r-r' will L.iuing ..r ltail t. tie lial
na kir;nd, ut [i as M)I. \- l n has; lI-hl. behd ll.lt ; tte tb h-ir Fiflt. Tie New Ynrk
illiuai atedrl. IIhd- and dou.. .k million rb' inali.,all al eadJ.lal rters of tile W il..-..
(,lil N. at last i, s .o e 2iv 'e t. the .,'inUtl.o d e ar 1 N te ber Na
uI i nb- re t lu-i uicA %oal t-1 remember thli
pe.r.l'-.Tl .,.ulutlPn ..uu l.r. nDll, nithout Ir i alDjl ,. TPLiere ..illi l,. .'o u..iht of thi-
- trd tJ pL .ty. The irn.or.u e of the per- ,,-,-.e-.t of thbi e I u-.llUmenl that brlc-in-
pretial endorowneur will be ai-arde. l from thil day n:...,I

1 ', 1 "''.



RNOCIN. .JANTTJATRt 11. 1,022.

Take Testimony in

Everglades Land

Squabble Here

Testitinnn regardina land 1a-l2ii
,n the E%-r g ladies wiq Laken hiere
Tu, A - 5 b- for Raleigh D(,whngn f
ED'-,:a! matter rn charictr~, In con-
n-i'icn Loin the bill oi the R. J.
BOioed !rte aga,~insL the Mntrn.al
Improvement board, now pendm%, in
Lireuii court in Lio n CiC-nt. to rE-
deni 2",y)(16 acres of glade land
tv.hih iii- hoaid malntains WaS
d..d to 1 b' B IIs in 1t1ll
The Bolief eas set up the
c. onrenrLio that the derds gi' n by
BuIles were, in fact. mortgage. ac-
cordina: to Bryan Jennings, one of
the atnrrnr'e re-presenting the ex-
oeiitr,,. Tn-. estate is zceking to
03, onU the mortgage, he aaid, and
re..-ni rth land, and It is claimring
[hat' tilir.- of ihe I. i. board to
fortei.)r-g eh. mortcap) by lv~.' at
tist I L be ttoibC dij pl\rs iL that
T, o hurdr.rd th.,uFand dollars
IV rrth of notes are InoleCd, Mr.
Jer.nings said, and a considerable
Eini in tax, as well.

C [


Entire Commission Will
Present County's Claim
for Highway Money.
All m em b..r r tr.1i l-. J .-r. ,:.:.1 n-
I e, j lek':,1-il [ i r .-r n rl rt -i i rg., r [, ,,
' ll le-'.' ri. ".t .1. j.--,, r.,ip li[ io r
Tali li i,-. [; C, ippe-a r UL F.-r. tIe
I s.C,- roa. -.p:r',rtmn1 n in r[h. irr- r-
.est of -Duv.ai ,.;:.ur.r ,' s ir:li',,r allot-
.ment of star. a'i runj s.
This county has received r.o al-1
for ri-l'l tuidlrine during tl l.,s
four ?- -r Tli: uld law wasvague,.

Sugar Production In Florida

Brief History of the Operations at the St. Cloud Sugar Plantation
; --.i and Causes of Its Failure.

Editor Tllnes-Unl.in-Ia enclose a letter
it. Mir. H G. Ralston, of Miami. Fla ,
-who contemplates engaging in sugar pro-
dfction In Florida. While you have pre-
,Viously pubrllshed statements from my-
, elf and others, as to thr cause of the
Failure of tih St. Cloud sugar planta-
tion. I think it n would be of public inter-
eit" to again do co.
While this alludes particularly to South
-Florlds and cane grown on reclaimed
lands, it should be made known general-
;ly that equally as tnne sugar canp--buth
as- to tonnage and sugar content-arl'u
"-grown In all parts of the state. The
,facts are. oy tar the largest areas of
cane groTn in ,the Nortlihrn counti'a-
cur.e gr-own in th. northern countlie-the
agricultural countlles-as .dlstlngui.lied
from the trucl; and fruit producing coun-
All parts of Florida produce maximum
crops of cane. There are tll'.1t:ruads of
carne field from onc to fifty acres now
buiro harvvste.d INo'ember that are
In' finle condition tinouglih El; xLouisiana
,anes r.erec frost--d on november 11 1 I
note In vo-ir cu-irr-i in uue all Ridvertrie-
n.ent. calling for F.ar) barrels of Florlda
sarnup. for a Jack-on-.-ille nfrm. An Al-
abaniuma paket purclia:dd I,00s' barrels re-
Iv:lr-.tj in Gadsadn county. The demand
focr cane syrup far exceeds the supply.
rThl report of tlic connislilconrer ,of ag-
i-t.ulture shuwas paer- '.2) 7.,-' acres in
calie yelling f,.i'l,1 barrels of syrup and
*.1,35j pounds of sugar. equivalent to
IC jl0'O.sW pounds .of eugar-an average of
2.5,..) pounds of sugar per acre. It I. safe
t.- say that, *rith thle small mills, and
wasteful apparatus used, not more than
one-half trh.. sugar In th: cane 'was se-
cured. Mly oblser\ation ih that not to
exceed 45 p'r "cent of the surar for
aIrup) is obtained. Ey far the largest
amount of thei'crop is made In1 the north-
ern counties. The ten ,largest.cane pro-
ducitng counties reported are ae follows
it, the order of the acreage reported:
Jackson- 7:* acres, Leon r.43; Jefferson
4r,; 'Hamltorn '71; Bradford 334. Suwan-
lie 3'34; Columbia 323: Santa Rosa.- 236:
'Washington ':9; Hillshorough '193; Gads-
den,.with a large. acreage and several
sitam factories makes no report.
The object of this Esatement Is to show
that excellent cane Is made throughout
the entire state. Cane that with proper
cooperation it neighborhoods by erect-
ing central factories could be made to
yield double the sugar or syrup that is
now secured per ton of cane by waste--
tul'hoome mills and crude evaporators;
at tile same time theiquality and market
value would be increased not less than
6Bi pir cent Syrup sells in barrels to the
mixer for about one-half the price it
readily commands when properly made
end. neatly packed ready for the con-
pmrer.. Yours truly,
2. E. ROSE.
STallabassee, Nov. '.

Tallahassee, Fla., Nov. .2. al1. Mr., H.
5. Italat6n, Miami; I a. Dear' Sir-YourrP
of,.the 16th inst. In reference to' the All
Vreiof the St. Cloudi suggr plant pt/o;
While owned by the late 'Hft iltdondDias-
tons and associates. duly reelived.
I have so frequently given the his-
torv of this venture-Its phenomenal suc-
cess while owned by myself. and also
while Jointly owned by Mr. Dis-ton and
myself, and the subsequent stupendous
failure. 'when owned and operated by
the Florida Sugar Manufacturing Com-
ian:y, that It appears unnecessary to
again gire the bhstory-of the plantation.
It has been published in a number of
newspapers in the state. during the past
tftree-li years. over my- own signature.
end' b:. numerous correspondents, who
'.av*e requested me to furnish the facts.
I enclose a number of newspaper artl-
'cls. all of whtch were either written or
dictated by myself. Facts stated can be
readily established by the records in
Osceola county, and by the testimony of
runmerous residents of Kissimmee( who
wera familiar worth thie successful devel-
opment of -the enterprise, and its sub-
sequent failure.
'The article liy Mr. Reen published in
the Miami Metropolis. June 19, 1909, wai
rlitten by hhn from facts given him
from my books and records and cop-
firmed tby myaclf In a letter Dirhllshed
shortly afterwards In the same joirnal.
In addition to these public str.teulents,
I h.v.- written numerous letters to in-
quirere. like yourself, on this subject.
A short history of the St. Clouln si!rFar
plantation is as follows: The original
farnm-i~) acres-was established by my-
relf on reclalmred niuck lands. formerly
-'nvered alith two to four feet of-%wa-
tfr-a sa grFass marsh and cYpress
awamnp. Identical in every way. phr'l-
'.iAlly and .:hemically. to the saw grass
marshes and cypress suamis of the Ev-
et Wladis.
TIhe canals had been cut about one
3err .-revlons to my. purchase of J ib
property I cut tile necessary lateral and
sub-lateral dralns--sone fifty-five mrrile
of lateral and sub-lateral ditrhes, to
each sectlcn--laterals on Eacl quarter
mile llne-s'ib-laterals- at right anle.s,
Lt.- feet apart. none lesI than three feet
deep, and of prnhor width-in the win-
ter of 1 58 anid 1 ;: and planted the
first field of cane. -sixty acres In the
spring of l.15B Before- this time. I had
establlslhed also the South Port Farm
(in l-- -1lS3 i for Mr. Dlseton. the can.-
from whil'l took first premium at the
New Orleans exp-:ittlon, for yield and
quality, In competition with Loulsil.na.
Cuba and Mexico
In ]f7 lMr. Disston purchased a half
Interest in niy plantation and futnishlep
means to add some 1.400 acres to the
property. makLne a -total of about 1.501
acres. While this ilrrangenmenrt existed.
there were -none otieri interested In the
plantadon but Mr. Disston and myself.
I being tile active man and local man-
-We erected a sugar mill with a ca-
pacity of 200 lon-a of cane per day (twen-
ty-four hours) anol harvested the first
ydar some ninet;,' acres, the second year
somei 400 acre. We made none but flrst

:laa sugar. The field d averaged thirty-
fivei tons or cane per acre (the maximum I
yield beilg ixty. tons off the oldest, best
drained cuts.) The average sucrose cr.n-
.tent waS I per cent; the average a-.nal-
able sugar wvas S per c nt or Ik'i pounds
of granulated sugar prt. ton of cane.
showing a rather poor result from the
factory standpoint. the factory nut liav-
Ing all the necessary mooderri economical
dev.'is. The yield, bhoaever, sono .i, 51
pounds of sugar per acre.! as superior
to any American record up to tht time.
During thiits timo sugai sold at 3.25
to 3.76 cents per pound at no time reach-
Ing 4 cents.
Our results w-:re so satisfactory that
Mr. DListon proposed largely to incrEa,'
thile capital took, ind the area of lthe
cano fields l tlhin (tn) acres.)
He v.'i-s largely Innluonce.:- lby the inm-
menrie spec.ilative nte-rst in sugar pro-
du..tibn. aro.use-d by the "bounty law"
passed by coJigress. paying 2 cents per
pound to American sugars. 'Millions uo
dollars were invested In Louisiana cane
sugar and Western beet sugar production.
An era of extravagance was inaugurated
in Louislana, and In the beet producing
reglons of the West Thie St Cloud plan-
tation was reorganized as the Florida
Sugar Manufacturing Company and cap-
Italized at $1,t1l,i',tf-an expensive fa.:-
tory erected at a cost of ?3t0..1)0 (aortih
about $2t'.000) and a large area of lands
purchasedl-some 26,(O) across While the
cane Fields were not Increased material-
ly. at no tlma was there to er!ceel 1.0fi0
acres In cane- while the factory had, a
capacity of not less than 3,500 acres per
sea-on. When this reorgarlizatlon oc-
curr-tl. I declined to go Into it. but sold
my tsrock to Mr. Dieston, br-lle,'.-g, as
I did, and as subsequent cents proved.
that the "bounty law'" would be repealed
by the next conRress and tihe extrava-
Ean r investments .n cane and beet sugar
nuald result in bankruptcy to the In-
restors. This did occur, as I anticipated
t' would. In the meantime, a bond issue
of S.1,OlC'(r0 was made to pay. for the
lands purchased.
A capitalization of fi0,tr.)000 to he- taken
cure ofr by a -.ane field of some SO0 to
1.0O a-rc.a. extravagantly managed. by
inexperienced men, Ignorant to a large
extent of agriculture, and particularly of
modern methods of cane culture and su-
gar manufacture. St. Cloud, -.however,
was by no means an exception Hun-
;1reds of similar wrecks occurred in Lou-

Iistan, and In the West. Wrecks of Im-
mense candy and l;et sugar ventures
were common throughout the country.
During the bounty perril., granuilated su-
gar sold for from .'50 to 7i.41. cents per
pound. with an added 2 rents bounty
(see rho T'nited State' agricultural re-
ports for these yeai s.) The extr.ivaganc.
of management, however, abrsrbed not
only the market price but the bount:'
also, and left a large deficit in addil-
tion. W'hlle economically managed. large
dividends were made. with sugar selling
at ..75 cents per pound, with a factory
by no means most modern and economi-
ta!l: -it:i an up-to-date actorr. provided -
with all modern economic devices. with
the sarnc quallt:.' of cane. nIthli ugar
selling at t.- to 7.4O conts per pound.
and an additional bounty of 2 cents per
pound, paid by the government, a dieae-
trous failure resulted. This was not pe-
rullar to Florida. nor St. Cloud, as the
same condition prevailed In Louisiana I
and in the West, where wracks of similar
wrecks were numerous. The failure at
St. Cloud was not caused by climate,
soil. or quallt:, of cane, as no richer
cane, nor larger tonnage Is made In
Cuba. than was made at St. Cloud, and
South Port, in the same county, on re-
claimed muck land-and is still being
made on the same and similar lands 'In
Sthe snmTG locality,
The failure.was caused,
First-By extravagance.
Second-By ignorance of proper meth-
uds of culture and manutacture and neg-
Ieto of drainage.
Third-By want of proper business
methods on the part of the company
and its managers.
Fourth-and most important-By specu-
lation, by turning a legltltnote agricul-
tural and manufacturing enterprise Into
a joint stock speculation concern.
There ,are a number of reputable citl-
zens in Mllaml, who were familiar with
St. Cloud and South Port.' while they
were successful sugar producing estates"
Hon. John W'. Watson, Hon. John Sewell.
Robert Taylor, Esq, and others, to whom
you mav refer for confirmation of my
statements. There are also other full
familiar with St Cloud from its Incep-
tlun tb its failure, who kiow the whole
history of the plantation. Such men as
Hon. N. P. Bryan, United States -sena-
tor; James E. -Ingraham. of the Florida
East Coast railroad-then president of
the South Florida railroad-that hauled
the products of the plantation; Hon..C.
A. Carson, E. Nelson Fell, P. A. Vans
Agnew, Esq.. Hon. John Lee. and othcr
citizens of O ceola county, who resided
there at that tJne, and do yet. to any of
lwhom I will be pleased to have you re-
fer for confirmation of this statement.
You are at liberty to use tils letter In
the press, or. otherwise. Yours truly,



By F. C. Elliott. titillI y lose n.; thl dinm, and at tlhe
-n uc thI Pl--.ivn- of lthe peak of 4aine nrime pL1rntitni a i-ood dis-
thil. rlc nt c n rood .a.;,ci it ad-,iu liar.-e from tL lv- ,ceclhobce. Ini
ab to ,a ,' ,:ii[ i rch a.dJLllutiiii cr.r '-
It conitrollirin .uork. ;it the rlln of another \.'eel; it in anticipated that
Lak,- I.lkr.L:chio ce in the S veral I: \. els I1 the \\ 4t- Palm R each ca-
.;a a-l Ir.dilii. otliiard front tlie nal at the tullj,.r end iill be unt i
l.aii, a s ull ies.ult i-n the reatet and onr-lhalf to t.o f:ct lover than
; eriral bh eitel'i to thel land of the lake level. ;.\n.on'e familiar with
L cr,- ladJ,: \\ itL this end in \vic- conditions there v.ill immediately
.L thlitni ar .d i:abLh : appreciate the trcn int.t.u-' talle of
i ll Tlie rr.itIi,-[ion of the I-,c l of ths Ii w .-,w ri rig t ( nat:.I .r le .LIs along
L:|I.. '.l -tli chi Lbce ,'- r'iildl, a- thic ct nial
,o-i.ibl Follh ,vin thi: -...l ul? it 4- p''-
i -1 Ti .lt:,..rd .l :I f t-1.orabl i p i. to, a ljist t hel. -.ntr..ljiiL w :virks I
.ir:in.i; ie ]c.l l I i ti n cac nal- for at H illl-Jro: ,and N',r:th N,.1 In.i Lr
*:r. in i- rl d i.'.. ll the C ,-ji la -. that :a rn lucti.,ii in -.atLr
I'li -. t'.. thlini : r,: -: oliC iclAii v. il result ..t thl : i dl w n-i tr:at I
< |".>-Ld t1 Q t.ll II, nt l l id t l'. | ..l ut th ,: i l nii. In tli,..II. [t 1 .,r a f.:,ril-
.till.-l: iCin iL ct I.ontroillii '..o rk I l'j a. inuclih Jrin.i i- l iracLIC.:illtb .
lor L ilth.r *.'.- ii.l not be ti.-oralb l hn l .mlli at lit ain..., ttur iL til
li Llit cltli r 1 Ih: .. .in JI t I 0 lo ".r- lairgc-r di-.chr.-i r fr..m Laki,_ k. .:-
II-,- Oc thu l..k IA i .r tide-oCich th.l-.-be" C 1 ILIt. lt 'n kill Ira.'l..,- l
l.l~r lllli 'o ,rl.- .id lull calial., ilratnap. I'hi, ;ji iUitSitm ul t at li
,.] ll, I J..,\;l Ul l ,d r.ill n.i t;c ] r,-ndA l ,Is-111 5 .: prop: I C:,c: t.:. ltill.i: lthl ,i l. l
al,-n 11L t Cli. illa- u tI Lu tmirLL'.:l.-' u .. thr -f...ui thl .4 thrir i:jili, it, t. -.r
i1.:: .1 ,, o irolliir : o k ani di..v I.:h-iaru ...f .at r fr..im 1.- .:
1.% ,.; n the %:. 1- iOlkcl. l. L.b,-' lih r.n 1e ini on,-
ior [.L iod ofi !ihr.t or r iou '-r l tu rtth *.ill rll..l.. : c t 1 11i.. [r :,ir ,,'rtt,.,hl
V '-t in .lnl ,, lt. .r, _. ', l'o llo ,-..In t t h u s b le < .th 1.i ." rJ, n am J ;,... 1 c. a 3 m
Lurni o C'i L til.edI ti d. L \ r I itth. I Ltli ll i .:t it 'i 11. I 'i. I tL the

ii.nc, 1 v.llt u r Ldli i l ,It i o .ol Ii ,IJ ilttl., I .t tiLl l,:,l I -C1., Litl .1.
il nc 1r, l e Ijo i,' of l an td Tihr rj ,_ l 1i l'nd, I I..u. lth Cri-. r
S 1. ,- i' l u tl ~ t li r t h o e l 'l c i .ti .l :-ct :t 1 ,.
L:,l.c. kIC ,c hoL C. th,: conL roll a&r, ut n.at,. ;d nd lr. ht *.rw,1 I;p .-
,.,:, l.; 1 w l.Il bi r'o ;,nd N o rth N c ': -. .r.ncl -l t ,, t o -thu li m ,l it.

\ .t M :,r i L.en, ui-in the jil .= '- .-l ai,p,,.rti,.nrni lt I it r -fII..u th
ii -tiL of tih clh cif ,i ; n. -, 0,, il, r anal C1r..a it, for L-,k Ji r.'. I:hri.-
.atn litl . rta lt-, co nlrollin I n. ,i.ne-t,-,urth fI. ,, ,:, d I rain
v. lt :: tun Li' o. .. iatc il c.'.t lii ,. m t ,l tith i i ie Li-: priac:ti.:.l
, L i I.c uri a.ll :.-: ...d '.e i ilc on a ni a ,il i.ul.,llc ,J.i tributiitnr l .:r thel
.No'. ciIb- ti 1', uI [.o ll n a or.iblic ri :t., uL,-~
tlIlt obs.er.i:d froLii thli conllt c.llii FP rthil(mi no:r., a. lrJinra -, c:ltlni-
vI. rk: Lt ii loore H a'v' i th, ll d;t ai ,., it. I,,l d to Il- ..c I ,J c I.a L r ihi.'.
\\ tially clo.-cd Un '.iloo ahi AiitUh e begin I n11 ;i:C-tLeat i.f di.,acharg,, firom
CLn .-l ..ajter kIL.Li b-l:,. thel d.it i akin L Ake .tchi: bie ... thi t ,I,.eituall.,
IC nti- iti-:rc e lioit nt o feet b1 loy i ic-. irt t nti tt uit t L.idcty oi th
tile let i. l of the lake, and thc icc la- canal .Li n L. utiiz.:] f...r tr.,,. lii
\i abil l.: diaiin.ji: l.vel liii\ e becCh n at.'r lfomn tli.: Lakc.
obtailm d by iily partially clo-ing Ilna-.imtLci aI tie, re:ull,-ti.i ,-itOf
lth : d:ii, I'e tlt1 rin aLboit Lhr'ec- \wat.-r l. 'e-I bth %itll ih ,I icr r u .LL tu.
l',urLli. of the C.,fiLCi it o the ca- l.ak Oli., ich bi- L and villth rc:iern i.o
liI.l f. be tl-ted f r drain. nI n.~it.r to dramage ii i e -at itlhiK:.rtalnc toi.
(Lrom the lake .. tn \\'' t t [ il dIali rct:dcnt- in the Laki. re-i. :, th
Lea.cih canal %tat c li.'c 1'0% re low-- abut e p, :igrail ot rLggiilat-iiol aInd
ar(.d 'nt foot in six da, b liar- ri.-E -oris thiire(or ,are .c.t lfrth.


Vice President Coolidge, like his ab populi'r
predecessor, Hon. Thomas Marshall, in his pu lic utter-
ances, notably in his addresses, from time to time, di-
vorces himself completely from politics, discussing with
the people those matters of government, of law and
its proper regard. that concern them most nearly-
government and law that stand for protection and free-
dom of the individual and the stability of the govern-
ment of which they. the people. are component parts.
In his recent address,--Ln Wellcsley Hills. Vice Presi-
dent Coolidge made the broad, and provable. assertion
that "Democracy is obedience to the rule of the people."
He prefaced this by saying: 'There has never been any
organized society -without rulers. The great power of
mankind has been created through unity of action.
This has meant the adoption of a cormmonu standard. In
most ancient times this was represented in the chieftain.
In modern times it is represented by a code of laws.
The important factor to remember is that it has always
required obedience."
Further along Irf the address from which the forego-
ing is quoted the vice president called attention to the
fact that too frequently the people of a democracy, like
that ol the United States, fail "to appreciate this double
function of the citizen," which is at one and the same
time ruler and ruled, the makers of the laws being also
of those for whose protection they were enacted, and
from whom obedience is to be expected and required,
as of all others, without exception.
Obedience to righteous laws, which the people have
established, was stressed throughout the address which
brought again to the attention of the people the need
for obeying the laws; stressed the fact that "the Ampr-
ican oltizen is at once a sovereign and a subject," un-
worthy as either without obedience to the government
of which he Is an integral part.
*"The citizen," said Mr. Coolidge, "becomes an abso-
lute sovereign by absolute obedience: he will be a lim-
ited sovereign If'he limits his obedience." He added:
"It is easy to see that democracy will have attained
perfection when laws are made wholly wise and obedi-
ence is made wholly complete."
Of course, Vice President Coolidge. or any.other prac-
tical citizen, does not expect, in this age and genera-
tion, at least, perfection in either government or in
people. But all can agree most heartily with his con-
clusion when he says:
Neither political nor iuduttrial democracy can
relieve mankind from the requirement of obedience.
There is no substitute for virtue. Too much em-
phasis has been put on the desire to rule and too
little on the obligation to obey. More and. more
all social problems must be worked out in accord-
ance with this principle. An obedient nation would
possess supreme power. The law of life, the law
of progress, is the law of obedience, the law of
serylce. '"Whosoever will be great among you, let
him be your minister; and whosoever will be
chief among you, let him be your servant."
Assuredly, this is a time when the lessons of just
government need to be studied most carefully; when
greater respect is needed for government and more
general obedience to its laws. Otherwise democracy,
freedom, liberty, justice must perish and the misrule
of anarchy be admitted to what is now the freest fair-
est government in the world.

Former Surgeon General) Wites

Letter to the Public on Use of

Alcohol Under Some Conditions

Editor San DieEo Lrni.:.n Will
you imnidj, ti space i:C to this letter
to the [pub-li:
I na e 'oitei thought thlat I 1ii Iid
like good frt:e and i,- i.:.l t-Ilk
i itth you in reg-rd to the use of
alc-hoi, hai .asS:..i ati.:d \'in vi
proportions r.ith various Vrins.
c,%ierague and druz.z. It iS I suri-
ject of gr.e:at importii:rce to the hu-
nian race iJ, th at wilLI:. i.t il iiTranr
the loss of life at a crii: in r any
disias ti, and nwithoit iI drugs arid
tlluctl 'es -.annot b- rpre'r- ir-, -i.
After r.e pa : the niI rtlian of
life ,the iod,' nc,. i.- sin! e sort of
tiirin-tlalt in r:," nriitn', a-.'. M ren
of the highest cla. .:. f intellige nr-e
and :po.iti:1.n iiiaist no0- up-jn ob-
talinlng it. ii.u dll l-'.5 oi" :u-tl anJ
arie ar. l to ,.I., -o T i-s 1is a lelli'o-
cratle government and a free coun-
try and all ien e rtu, ld 1.,- ar.i- to
uotain r har.t is requlire- und-r pro-
per restrictions. The s il:-on ihouldJ
go--has gone and it Is to be eloped
will nie"er return!
It is with alcohol In its \ari(ouI
forms as lith foitd in \arklus
forms, each riay ie wrong a. i-.-id
by an indlildual inordinately. i.,r
too much, and of th-, %iong KIrnd
to a E 'iven indl\idu'i ill qhestiuln.
L'aptain Hot-soll cai r a \i',y iarr.
ful anals.,is of alcohol in -n ad-
dress in thi billr-orn i .i thi- Hotel
del Coroiiado. He statt--d that t'\'e
ounre6 t:. aud RKll a perr..,n. Such
arguments are sirpl ;, ata-iuri, ior
no Une t.:uid ti l tni k if taing alco--
hol In its proof etlate, v.nil-n ranges,
I recall it. as high as IS5. '-oiting,
it. It Canl be takeli In large iqu tnl.
ties. a, associated airhi gili aloiiut
45 per cent, alcohol and other pre-
When going south nuarlt' years
ago on our yacht stopping at
Charlestein, I Inad\lrtenily- wait.d-
to replenish on etimulants. None
could .e obtained. as th-.ie wein- no
salourns. I waE. however, directed
to go to a dispensar., wh iciL I
th,:iught was a place for treatnri
lelt people' I found, ho-ae ct. that
It was a well-appolnte-i pla:e -with
all kinds i..f he-:erage. iit s.ale.l
form. None could rt- obtaine:d to
drink on the spot and -nTr. v.:niuld
be sold to any person addieci-. to
drink. oir If the nanagernint nad
been notified should not ohltain
liquor. I asked how the place -was
conducted arid by whom. w.hei-i i
was stated that it nas raninaged by
a board under the olty and county,
as I recall, and that all profits
were finally turned over for schools
and Impro\ements of roads. For
some reason thrt method wa. not
extended greatly. It appears to me
a splendid way of meeting the de-
mnind of a free nation and at the
same time doing away with places
not t:- be encouraged. People a, ill
have stimulants. sho.ild ha e them,
and th-y should l.e obtained not
for in-:urabli people, but as sane
Individuals in a free country.
The larloring rnan, tired and oft-
en irritated by the annio.ances of
the day, nervous and erir-;ated,
can, bt, the intellktent use or hops,
barley and other grains ilth wa-
tar, niade Into bet\-rages and used
at home Iltn his family or with
'rlends, be refreshed. quieted and
made of good cheer It hi'a already
been shot n that through the .vith
drawal of restraining irift'lueres of
these nourishing anid qiieting hev-
erages, dastardly crimes ha\'v- been
arnd ire being cornniitte, due to
the nerioue. tenslon incident to the
taking" away of fermented diinks.
Cocaine. rnorpline and other terri-
ble ditugs are used and the asmng-
gling and increased IIse if them,
has enorlnmosly. increa-ed. I am
fully awr.re there is miicl. to sno
on the other side. but this step of a
constitutional amendment br.-.ught
about In no complimentary n.ay,
when our scsldira were fighting to
save our country, and who are In
no good humor over the under-
handeld move, musa recel'-e a refac-
tlre expression o' the- people in Its
limitation of freedr.rn. T .-are not
what church thi- pr-r.:.-n oi that in-
div\idjul Ibelongs tu, bItL he gjuaS

not dli._t.it r.e i:er:- nail:. .a- to rni in-
de-pT n-ri:, :-, ini tlhe g0 -',rnment
,should n nt. su itn, ;s Is in t 1 ays
. If Ir, acknow-it-it e-- goo; d de,.cr-
,, n and not denianlinri- or rorcirn;g
l"y ideal illeallC.i acitlst hl.i- n-
other' ndl]Jepr.-:n-iern- e.
Like -nord pl i,;oi'er. ;,e.r
c.,:uli- ea, ;i, r,'..- c he -t--. for the
- "r n -.? y.'i.r l..ini,:,n. i'. h -'h
'" ,i.I l.e to v, ,ir cred- it and 1 -.CoIl.l
"hr'.: th : 1, r l in 1 j e re of
n4 r-. ,- ,' .,- ;l.e r- ,r- : r,;,- n ia.-r o '11i1. c. ;-
t-int -:a ninc. .int illterlprc-rinc- ri
thi rE i nr--, i- hr inir7n1,, in lck.
ii-,- In hFe.it i, ni-i n1 iy a.: kno. l-
-c.iing thi-at 1 fi .- fe", rrirmni
ioull ;r. I.rt Iti,-,jtVr in ill 1r ir
not ihterf.-rlri, rh li-i ri.-tib-rq
I~-' r'.' ir'- j .iir up.-r the- lai ,:-.f
the Iand.
1ta-. TI rd.1 that theI pr.:.,;biri..',
iOcts arid ir,, I, itn -iritl.nirrnet r eru
cecur-ed not lI), the mirlor arry r ill i.f
tl p--lr-. ihtn m *ni ,pinion. to\
sulrreptitli..,is metlli, .s disigra: efill
tol th.- apg :nts -. no, '.- hn our bh .\s
\'ere fighting o'.er thi.re, t:--co.ni
rl -"hPd th :;r i-h, _e.-s tinii lI-ittlnr
tIhe prirn ,r .i, ,-, a r s Itl i f.,-rii
-,f' eT,-'.rrm ent -..tip'*I I.-- o,' r,-til-r

irictr. .n\' n.mhrii.i iilr. ,IriiR. r.r netcs-
c.r r\v id i.iuno'r f..r tl-ie '.ii iiiii) p1 i .
Si'- tr-i and uljrc'on, Irn th :. .-:oiritrl'
r. ho ne-] .i n i.lI, r tn te ii' r-..,
cure ed without re.d tar, t-:.r icrl,-i al
,:'a-s dail, and hourtl in pra-rl:
Thr' pr'-' In.e of i'.ii,.h-r.e hav 'II
tried r.ut fr.-i donm i .li-nhol ur nd.-i
6 i-si bie re-trirtloii. h- e' l e a
iri.lnnktr nn-ss V'- in thi: country
are hunt--d like .rimina-ls b-\ n.-n
p-Jii for 1,y mrili.-in :f dullar- ap,
propri-t.a.1 fo.r it hy the -eocple de-
rni,.l ]-'-ti-a fr-eJdon. In Hono.
lul.i, from iwhren, I hl'ei- rec.:ntlyI
returre.J. the plint pr"duing rlc..-
h:l pro.-ues a 3''ful iesuTrs. Her*,
the aw- rpre,.'ents guaranteed hev-
craeEs In L.tOr.. ifr ,lois,:nous one-.
sll-perd in Tior.e arrl m!.r-t. of a
d ea.l.' nature. Con grerrien or
st..n t.r .who t-hr hink th' people arg
Sitrh then. 7 II firnd out at the
next ilcrtio n. ifr him in life I.
more pre-ilons than intolerant leg.
I lati:rn. a ri the cry -ot the people,
1i r.ith th- medircl p ro-i'esl.-in who
are r-'trlit-di in sa. ing hiinll-i.n Ilf,
W e in,. It. yollr attentl,-.n to third
tri.thful stater-mnit of Jaitis Hani-
IIton Lewis. miadp ;ri i.'l-ils:ao. ra-
p,-rted h- T.'niv-ers- Ser'.c'ee. v.'r-.
ile-nanded that "the rleht,*of tin
peo-plr e be restored.. Truth muir
icontfes that in tie lUnited Stri te
rodav there iis no *-ri joy ment f
rrl' ate property. o:r r-rcr.nal lib.
erty. Eich his asirrendered to ir-
rest .- go' erinment tbure-.icr tr and
sll grand shldlid ring under -entencs
o.f cnnflscatlion and de~triirrion at
the hand-s .-.f natiinnal offi.-, l ides
p.'tin The former senior said.
"TIhe average rtizen is rre c-qlue o0
the pralaRriel deterii.-r F e- the rY-
ti,-.nal oure-tii. The Cz.:ir -if Rii ia
and the emp--ror of Gern .inv nFver
exercr;-d e1 t i op.,ver. Let i-; ha've
in erd to it." he told his iudlence.
"Inforrn Pres;dernt Hncrdong thar the
r iiei!shlIp -"'!!! i support hirri I, r,
system of g.-:rrnment that will
binrish spies, drle out L eri'.'-eni.rie
rut r-if the ir..ol-nt Insp.r..:t-r and
a holih the bFlireaju of ailli.- it Fnd
i.i'jrptirIAn and rest re- to rhe state
trhir rlghAs of hImer reur-lation."
TI.e abo-. arlpears to 1.,e the
st.tit,' of at!eohhl in relarilon to Thi
people or the counir',-, and re
state-i. conficrrn ng the in-iprl0Ihblh-
ct' doing a.,--ay tlIh !t e-en i nder
the rsirtnlinlr Influences c-f red
tape measures.
Ex-Slir e-in General of the State of
N-n, York.
Mrs Diana Cas"-ell. her daughter,
MIrs Helen Mlesse, and granddiaugh-
ter, 'little MI's Diana Mliesse. frlnds
of f-v Ernest C. Wilaon. from Se-
attle. -ere honor gusts of the Har-
nionlal Institute for Re-Educration
it a recent diner And dance. They
'viii leave this morning for a brief
Isit in San Franrlaco before re-
turning to Wa.hlngton.

i'-L --- --~~- --I~-- 'CII

fur- Taim Fla Je ?l-Ctici
epo:.rt nf the rre.'ent ardininiistrati; e v:,-
Sach ic1 of Ster;on Uni'ersil arnd
ulrinl rdlea; for the dcvelorrnu-nt of a
on he broader and more inrcrn-e -ollei e
if crop sprirt featured i li ori- ant nation
grow- n11ietiill of thr Tanira Stetrion:
, with Club at the Hillsborr. Hotel here
,ill I P oiiitht Count. lud e Julian
uni H:Aiard. an alumnus of Steftont.
n th criticizedd the policy wvhiili he said 1
hac become dominlanr in the ;id-
plc-ted ninistration of the uirive-r-.ty, dl-
4. n clarincm thit Sirco n \.w.: bicon,-
and ini "Toro tulChi of a ine in ln :.i-

1. '1 ^ |

are or arson -



Prosperity Municipal Law Adopted Re-
rerica quiring Maturity of Improvement
1. k--.- Bonds Within Life of Improvement
for Which They Are Issued.
or lihr
-t -for
:r Ii-,' DELMONPTE, Cal.. L.[. 9.-The In- -,,
,,- LntmenL Bankers A'~-s. O-rtljll of
,id imcr a at h t opening i.-ln f r
d Pur- eI' el vpn h a n in al i:i-nvei nii u h.rei l a
n .n hI . i, .i a- ,il it.c tlll a D r,- -r.e
I . 1, h .. L li nl. f l-'.cr n tL i ,: -r, 1 5 \ -E i n n t
I.II : i[ l, ,.( E. Le Ii- ro L.',- i l L o SEal
", a v.-l'.:ii r.lley are isue-. mlo
n debt, D' legates declared the t-o most th
aid th- iruportaut legislative triat Lu r to F
mple-td 'col' i bef ore tlie cOr l-tiorio, r-ire se-
st nlin rial L .nlds an .:.nd -n I- rttringz with-
r'. p in th; lift c-f !ia pr,.. i,- nrts for which
S th y at, i-. 1.
Pi:rp,..n r .. Davi if N-. irit: r
r.r- '[ t n I..l tb- railroad ci'uritict
the -'.rl'niilratl iid that since the i rA
S rtiO:n r l :-- rr-.-r n ir pa -?ed the valua-
h :h t:.n a ,; in 1913, !25 (iiJ..'tii had b .n i
ti n r : --nt by th l rnailrod- arnd Iy 1i th
r i irition bureau in va.iuing railrc'ad-.
S-n- Ti ; Ja thr Introetale C ruii.mere Bri
i n .' 'nlT, i.- -n -had pia.r'd n total value
t"' !r L !. )nii,(llfll'fi.0lrif ..n th, countires' alia
railroad' and that the total capitall- sai-
ze at 1i --i ll railroads in tle country trhe
l i. t li h a3rid of ronlpani_, is $16,500,- Lior
an rr l nti.. i He said th.- alue of rail- wo
r road Droertles is e'ppr,.imately 12 at
'--r cent in excess of ill outstanding all
1. r, U J t. i or.
-- iluch discussion re-su!rerd over the
i.ro.posed establll it rent ,:-f a national fr.:.
:1 r innocial library. It hre heen s.4n- ha
Ittl cested that this library sh,-. .1 he- r-
i'-1 Irra d inr NeP Vorl- ulnd.r rl,: ,,I -- a
the pir-- ,, i ih. .. t lt rtr: an P] rke'b-r:' -ia- n- i
Th" new tIj]: ry bond issue of Io
r.:d (:,ira1l,01l 000,an n liiouric d last nit ilt by
th trsieaJsur, ,I-,partmnent. 0n ; r.irtM:-
tier t;a attractive issue and lnouid sell
Wn r.eceedinfly vwell. 'sp call to. ii-
dividuals '.-ho desire, a rpermrn-inet itn
5- trm'ent. accorrline to J. R. Edirrari]s.
ni- Cincinnati. chairman of theb Fnrvrn-
'ed inCnt bond committee -t ri. a- a'n.ciaa-
'er, tloto.
st Mr. Edwadrd_ w *I.i "'t i. ti i.., y d..
h apartment -hnould bi. -.. :.r c, ill ate]
If ril, n1 I,- and broad rran rnr in wh',le
it has cr.niicNred itj financial opela
Stonp a t li'osr npe-rations have uf
rb,,teio It. di'tu"rli-,i t[h-. yr'-.e
r -Fr-i.ic ~s markets."
^^^^K _l hH ^ -* --i;Slt ,-


--I ?-


Inii nllTnnnn


B~Z -- ---~------------ --~--

e~~~-r~eP~-~.~LI- I"

- ---I

r-~ ~

No Substitute for Safety

Ample equipment, commodious quar-
ters and courteous attention are large
contributors to the success of a bank;
but none of these can for a moment be
conceived of as a substitute for the saf-
ety of funds.
This bank puts the protection of de-
positors foremost. It has the other
.requisites, too, but they are provided
merely to facilitate business, and not as
a substitute for the safety which comes
from ample resources, conservative
management and a long-established rep-
utation for fair dealing.
s _ ------


Sickness of One of the Singers
Made ,Action

Oqinge to the illne-' of the MIrs.. A. Y.
31ilam, one of the members of the qulartet
alilch va:. to have.z' ung he Persian
Garden at the Pan-Hellenic A.A,,.iaLtinn
onert. sc:hedulEd for last evenimr In tli6
Chamber of Con.merce auditorium, Cyril
R. Tiltr, .ith -whom the ai.clatlo.n ar-
ranzed ifor the concert, called oft' the
A nrumher of t].:kcts had b-en -old by
mcmb.r; :,r th a.:.-,lIaticD and between
F'. :in 9 o':'.lcck -ieyfral memhers of lie
organlzat.l %n %Pr- xtatlaned at the en-
tran,.-e Lo tle building notifying p .-,pla
com rig to attend the concert that it nad
been cancelled.

with the manner of conductlln Lba an-
nuaJl meellnEsa.


p M -


Morrison Crowns ........$5.00
Richmond Crowns ....... $5.00
Crown and Bridge Work, $4.00
Gold Crowns ............$4.00



TU m A I 0 U'Lady Attendant. Phone 484. IVISI JUp aUUu
THE GUARANTY TRUST & SAVING$ BANK II Spaanbrg Junction Will Her.
LEAGUE FOpartr Be nown as HayBe
N. E. Corner Bay and Ocean Streets. MtirAETR IN SRHN y I

A -~~~~~~! ----------i~ iln n ~ltnUAL---
3 MASONBy Railroad Men.
"SOiE SHTRITE D JUUE SRIHT JURY GIVE MEDALS AND PRIZES honor of h;3 ra6r"ad scr,:e.. Preti-
dent Fairfax Harrl,:.a of the South-
ORSSTiTE F RL IR T r.- r ds,: -- tn .:,- ,d wi t h, TO WINNERS. rn ra,\ar l s given instruction -
STATE E A tneate' ..,rty, at te *e Ilph,'l m. TA .e that tIe naame of the Junction and
d.i-, aref a--emUbling at th,-.un,-,!s tk- n i .term inal where the line from An he-
SE SF k m pin,.1 :. 11,,] r, C c .r, Jr.. ille IaI I-lct? the Wa:hington-At-
Band MOnW i.- SESh.O thMa ir ina BODIES UESD I 0U0 RIGHT THING. Scoring Will Be Done By Officials ] ants line be om t-
Many Matters Remaining. burg Juction to Hane. r. Hayn
AThRere ar lre imnDr of m -i in Washington for All Matches was. ,f not the fr.Et, the most effective
TV-ere -t re , la k r" r e in,in. ,, rrr,-ocL r 3
t*-- remai,,r,_ ,, .:nnr,,:lr, v.nth tr,. B romroter of the construction of a.
Continued from Page Eleven. e.l:,rk .:,i [he -::.nvnrn. By a ;-pe.:ial NOON L" TNCHEON YERVED B 1 U 1 HI Ield. .it rud .:c ro.s the mountain? from
_ori,-r ,rda" aft:_r,oon,.it r.,. d- ^_I outh Iarolhna to the middle T'est. M,
r ein : -r r. rnn j. i r rt ... rhI nn. l el n \..:k WOMEN OF EASTERN STAR. ord ha ut been r d from ro b il and Spartasnbur
P-eidenr S. Ha rr n h E ar ,f, 1:1: r ft at 1 o'Min. Jrillim Jea ings, former goier- .,11 n S nan ir notion. h c
During I ne ,I:s. a isge nUraw ,r :,f Tilt lrlr: r, t ,-,r-,,:irn ,is th e ab e oit it.: t L nUt. Alnert t. Jtcn. rearr' ,1
nor of Floldnirs. realized? heeu nppo
mnatets or' vz rnip,:rtar.i to ti r f ,. Hvrrl c, St. P r r burg, moerm r tie r e lenu pS P e om- SOhn O'Brien. Young White Man, te National Rifle As. hiation. to the frst reanzert I r. H rne plan, an
p l roi- ion v..l'. ii.ict ,d. A,.,,:,ur n- pre-,d nt: H. S. M o uLnlt."l, o0 Jl k.'n- e miltrion tnder the Para ouayan treaty. After Class Instru n in Forenoon I'drt r, n ll hnrep, ftr bner he.R nama
pThe ," ,o^ r l .'r" pr ~ ~i! . -' ,n . : ; d r. .ten nnr Tir ro e ler n r n A j A .a B e n
rnitto ni r .ri m rn h D :eri or_ ~t "ji M r. Jen n in gl, 1hie :ll awer oa t atilile' d rs-tn iea lire ll .i, i t h Iroe rn a e I a t ga a e
ATn- ce.piot lran 'ri d m r-ir" *ueer. d s on der-d Preemi ay aeerd o. n namnd to rre, r n Lnd, M one r 1ai m W a ...... th- out- Guilty oHf reL n. Ab.1 I-TaridrIAa n
ve. brrda.e at nP t r t.n Car ,te. Mlrle- e Joenta he lhlted Stare s on the cohm Closed With Fourteenth Degree. '- Wi BItto. t. n ,l ant ue,.t .. ..r. inY h r or

-n^ z c-^ ^ dMQTION FOR NEW TRIAL to rep ,b.?.t^n^q eap HELD FOR A TRIA
tT_, ht cc-n % en i rt s, ,h t ure ,- r -1 Er tmr. un, r. Il Te nmac ir r s. r is tyle ,:,d fo- hasa ine t
thc cPZtr.,n-,e ro ) 5:,' Pr/i j .hInro, r eort t i M r.io the Unnin '- Stla es- e o fn lt y, l o eai l-, W ,i. 2rth ue en t Degree.aI a k- t of ,:,',:if the
m i cV t.t- 1 4 yelvne N .r C . t her k f a o e uo u l d e Iep t b e o mmli ti o n= t eam a nI % ,,, I u a; S i [ I "
an. .iel- r di cnter a-n l pr and r t a n .th r :Vo:,, T is.oner W as Alleged to Have Ob- Taiabr riHi. .bich h3.i a hrae-po ind and an em-ploy.ee a locally t eara.
rof the e.:rfetr. ,-tre-i urner and the rea- U-ered in ntertrnner pu.ll and dnoc n.t rrilh over ,i\en a prcllmlnarv hearing before
bThe at. rn"on rb.,cn va ohne Grof q ur Tn, ,, ,.I t t rained Money By Saying H W a tn po d_ h. Sh. rior'i unoe ,n the out- Justice Chrn rle D. Abbovtt r is FerOam onth
the ri os. in t hr. otn l ohf rh r.sniz- on Je ni s r th o ,nt p. n, All O0 y th.F. d0. rua 1 ,-Ito,,ant Jt.e. n O Brlnn. negotr ,-a e by .la:,r. ned, 117n r h'.ih | Unable It d give bond, he C h;as, Iplace3d
tu R rlieralg dTrc.d -------- L upohi. e rteth. T ..t- to ing r r'.a rd e till e d hav eenb jo rding an

btion. Tha report 01 the n ben r-hir Oad Selected a vs Official RBoute By IA U the -sted the beau flcv and nim- 1 "i'n- B. Snapp ald pr 1ti"ing. rsd n'n^t '\ -ll .lic Id k.'huyier. 4,, Bast Second street, v.hi-h
cm itte t he election of ,' .:eri- J KAVANAUGH. ," .: r- hsm mh ", Whit, Slave ing tor..t n eand a ur~.ein o rrne e ltar had e the cargeft int the property Of
bewrnonr. 7,f.11 a e fJorL:rlolrK r.'a. ,-,rtlllnWla un'B-
wa h at theM ehMeh, J nin ghe t, urae onra' .- n lawye of abinity.or rIns. 1,,,nole er. t and w h ld fr tria l in the
S A afternoon S ssiond. ter r2p t -l all N 11-i e rt in in er ant a la w and "i.:nn.n -. -n..n, wi l bp l an t ee nLov
e mherw aenl t tn t o i Thi rd Birigate and m o a t ... l. t-h ir. -1r,.:,..l. lu ll .de d to aw r ru ] court. o
The aor trn of on r ;riep on r'ai one :,r r a Iepeionm ieraohmrin.nd Itt oLn da T l l on, t_ r0i r 1i lh r ri wit-r' .r i a l erl ftati-i: t t O viea, ring cn. a the= Th- fun. f ro y S.

ratm r, h .e ra te n hr : m. ,t r aztr..n a nn..In o r t hb nn p at Hotel Seminole's Helm. M a n et re or n, .y ^. m .. orn ,,,J. ^a l- a E ".hy matches of the out- M E.a churrah- ch I ,S Rev. tRh.a O
1 -reaved fane:y aivns to be put th- Allin,,,. ,.- Loin announce ^ th .E Ka'anau thi manage r ,. th.: H.- lr of the K- n ight. of lhe R,, .r.:.,:, Fam d ilia ..u m of moncv from I- Each ^*:o'Penng te1j mu, j fire rer,.
morthe ir,.nven rnc at DCr o.all la op.ra.:n .[ .1 Zpee,: l ran for th.a st- a m* and r of -he Ja, k- Thoem Aeriotinf thehi somen He Slave r.ort d a>d ten mate *n" each w ik for a p-- The t.illtbear rs dEere J. A. Bowen, to
nBt he G'Onm tr: n"tterred. T am th r rnd n J on- Hcen lr I al o .iti. d .he Jame Le e, E odrednge Reve- J. -J.sld
Af- Tenn o.oa n -kan, a.o- Rshmond t ,ex, afern.,n at 4 ondn r .l l n ,.' until.rrran rtt-erk o :rt..-ren a mni r i h ,, ,it ntg a..-. ,nd ,!1.! .,, dunn the mh:r.h
cVl n w h a" Ar ahton at tdlct thre .rt -,."^ ^^ ^ko. ae Rdn A,. o, Thd N. R. A- Tru inerm n wa inTne pNrice "ee
-r aftarn ic w o e mge aulntlos o th an- r end n r be a "r 'R V t Rog o lr uh ad nt-.. h ed' i n or tIm e ,le. Tfoe dee-ulr nn a had re, O -
K^ tueon h^ rta held.errr:, mp,^r tr1,^ t he honor "nAhleh ha E, IIeV ru1 L nprerred l ,-_, , th e [ t r T ,r yesterday morning. r a a U, 1 di a: if ts
fat ,) e the i. d.rtak irn poero[,-,an ..,, ;n the Uhnited iteL, ^-]^ -! ,,?t ururt ]l. T- ------ ,grT W Iand IrTze f Viil
mstth e a!e, esire up for nternemdnra- 0Od. ,FiriA ]. Jude a hSI T on.'i p T.:phy, u hhih the n-Z ohton,:,,,le ix rned. byi thre. r, l-l._

tl. hua bLor Gr v W au tulat and S tandard .ol ptr anof di- b i erh, Bn ,-, h ., e . P He rThe ,, n -r retired -"--n the f. :ren on ti el-- Ti, I.

Charles S. McInTc'h ^ rl^ndo, and T: ing ^*:*. No to-r "."b mad. rDe- Ha .. R.:.L^^", nth \ don, re. .pnrt. Hare, Plan- coni t Ird ct. As could r-ach DEATHS AND FUNERALS. n T TU tIi -
14W C. Sm rn, Orala tn -we Savannah aid R.:hm..nd -xeoi p..rnu ar a i-lan manag r r d ,r a".=ta r t, J. D no :,..lsi.:n. Tudge Sh-r'id ordered
.:arran atn ol KAVANAUGH .. ,r. n. .:.d:. ar.u ht tI tT .tHr rA.m C.- .:Roa R
ber tandpnit A radprrentt.. ~, United Con- vthe A IHnt urn s MIr- :,u 1 t- ar E H. Ptr al-d .l'ree. pr-l- and av :.,n, rther a ngrrt e- M .RS. ANh DREA PLUM E h Ir i

^^.upon. L -il mp u the trahi to l.:..k sen-'. ate, lh...na Cr I tl.. ..n.n detrh ti.r s, r TOW a itr n rnier. oPtrf. -n, .n u federated Veterans. d h T EL.-- tarc- of r, e c e ari d ti ar thez. ouhoulr The o up friend ,rt. Andree n p rze ,
..... 11 U*. ,:,'I o*.k ailt t entrine, g, h h n it re- ,l ern 1ofet h e 0lean oi n hker , I
was hrT at the ,er11Ulof the n va-t ,.'ear HA tion .I !f t lunamon B... dn pr,. d '1l .1 ,r fl i y A th: nteni v r,1 h,:,1nlm irIrSr tu n I err
R oadl l ll l I I S eale disr nas AO frfia ..a R und dBy t. il- h ie e-l w tne; r u,:.l, not i peaih tdeit.. dW hich c....urred o lnnday ni h Thin ia the question w hich sister -t-
rand lad not 'n11y riend ,-,f the un- !s o hl- n l ,. ,: .t he in:@ t- 1Te.a, cluv l join- g alan .' people as the annual ,e-
d1rtk DRAI ,NAGE CANALS Ir hW EST OFFICI ALS n d Hn. El:.td ad the -: W.:;al r pervert tand ta, the life l.d bn a.1 ark.kie, at Lretto, alter a t;-; e t approaches. There u,-T n
other, iine b,.ine.. ThirA i-,rTh ad e Uhntead on~ e ,ert t V~t r, e Ea-hrn Stir. rr, e. !, n,_h.:" Got Money from W omeCr rl Erl,, taauiine lh pth:,T,_r -)L Brooks -
lLar A ,C Mr r. :r In o a .:'Brrn_:r a-:.[ -,,tr l i e ,ag ain t ti.h l. i 'lne s. -, u atle s topusa ,s of persons iO Jac. "--
HEARe e r A d d ,-r to RI chmnd, J:a, on aC ,: ,n Will Spend a Month at the Wie- , .:.er L. an verac:. o uh pe on a a .te Is Pl mmr former reded in onvil And elsewhere, both men anu '.
Sthe a tew D discovery . 1 .' r nd n,. Joh U e n H. M.cr The ur then r.ntirnd and 'ithin a st AuutnI.. .ut .or J me time haI s-h.e payd nho a to visit the Expo n
port n the morra e on re_,utlna -,lert V r t,-, ,t held In at eoff ---lrev *0belt *armap ,, a'r-; 1 ir e E ard J n.:r= La. ".-. ,l f, our Eave rn: ti.:e That it .ar besrn imiiin her horihlr with her an h The fune ral of and San Dieg
f' h eln dTr -d w n J.nr Erute t'e' E;r t ENG INEER LA D UE t t 1.-am .:-d, t. rnd.r ,,, r,.'-,to th daughter. -n and .r something of thc ofcenic th I'eau-
moraniZ r co nta end .- You h a, r n y Att ey Semple a de loStmas- K. r l., H- Hle n H m .. d .,,f- Trh, ,r .:t arrned ith t thte r E r- r ,' MatPo, Hartle and ftMrs. Joeph and whose time and money are limiteSI, I

a d -eih orn, our.- Tha if.:.. pa r..n n the unu- dh p ill1"a., er Jlt to rner B rk k .:. L r and Ml- Th o t of a Rock Iland CircB e
nO the r ii'a l trn. p el-rrdl Tlier-. h 1ier L-.. .hne ir] r T. C. C H. An- rreehir pla] Ju,. Jh rs r. -f M i -1 rri. a -ri in y mall ;m;1um .n sn ma kfe
. ..n to Richmonrhd" aXo Ion r a herln- Inad it. not r R;l An.in g ff zuf: Tbm N. i. A T'e intermenL wa. in Prioe camer
h i icD o at t ,ic v, r- .i rip- -ni ,,a aI h iU dea u lt ,, a ,a\' ond-

. a o t d it - a ..-loi that he _e rrirn ni -lfle ard -n n .
tlk er & P,=he Laae 'tit :. E. L"o th, ,tlan high v ,a= e",, ..'g't
SCharle S IInr -th, Or tr d ,:,, a, n ,:ar. No -t,,ra ria be t an ,,hn-'-..n

n_ r rnir'nt durtn M Iia 'rl~l'.'li'E uP- ;U. r~j, E ri. P'-x,)J. rvII' ar, a f thii t., trir. is.rthat

m-_'nt~~~~~~~~~~~~~ -t h,,:.ntealnd an.u the Iaez adda. !r ,. o" '17 nrab ,n'atcr n I m..' R -r: ,"r- Ti, -.f ault o r d fit a t thea brec- "Tr_' M tla ute'a ,]'r o e~ n h s i ea dm n ya e]m t
I!,c o ,lC_ Th r I:.:, Fa vi_,i f ,_ nree ha_-.r j-pall, .2d ,-el.. L_ lT rnJii ) [ ::,~ o re ,y IB r tiz-dk e ,:frc L, hre .o, d Piand M r. WI- T her by o-ut ,:, R c sa d C r
pores n b:,y i ,ni ,, ,.:a ,,. n ,T o B e thel -ay 26inor of lde nv lea e th e r wh -ii oarne]] oprrived j b Ro- id a ['',r ,r. l,..,. d ,-re, -'.iher zpn,: a-h, thx le i, ,ur:., ra t.- o a w I: aI i nl ,, l__,r, il .:, ni f E t he u s,-~ e 6fo r a .'e v: o r m ly n t e l r e
TI new m(m brti ~ q: re3LrlF h-IM L.e th. r, ve,r : tan th-,at'. t -. a .U: a_ u d -i cH ;n, ireL r, .R i T.taH : n r,=lrn,, ST,. F 4.. ..a, I_, .r . r- t; "r. I u a :trrl i~ i. : 1 1m n ,a m k

Let Us Give You an Estimate on Your DENTAL Work.


", Since the Guaranty Trust and Savings Bank
was established ten years ago, it has served
the people of this community in a way which
has brought the utmost satisfaction. We want
to help you in every possible way, and invite
you to make use of our many facilities and com-
plete equipment, and to consult our officers re-
garding any financial matters upon which you
wish advice.

caur r ., 1 d. 1 -r, ar r. 1,.:,, an,, ,rI. Orange County. Upon Application te day, ,:, ,-','.. ,',, e e. o ert
ll trla rn 1 n.au ardl'. n,.,u r, ra.,ur- BIrrn ,uth.-',,L,, ,r, i c O 0 .'
,:,'- ct v kr. sh Is ruo -.f r .,r, .:ll. of Zellwood Farms Com pany. 's r re La eter.
in.- o rld -,',. Y o u r rIu rr l ,,r ,, .. ,m A tto rn e E M S e n p le K-e, ,-v .Tr,,j J .r li ,rd a n a'd e r. in ,. 1 ,
n t cr ions of as mir.l o h:.n. nr ,i. u, r ai: arlrr''e n l ,kdn!n "'c_ in Ja.k- i- ll e F 'z"Ln' I 1 Fax':. : ..n1 d d.,,r-,
'*E ir .n.J _ned rcor,.irru.,,:.n [M aior 'V B Ladlu., ,orp, ,:., ensi- and is re- s ti.=ed at tr-, H,:,te! miliole. .-. B 1-1ul3i=v.r,:,.,h .:.t ,nei-re..-
-E,,-.n'o and i3_, ram.Ho:
LCut .uc i _'(,jlr. 'o'..Js ar.. n nr'. snr,- r r- Unitd ta-e1 I '_Irrn,. n ,n r ernrluni n .-_" i, Today' s Pro ram .
,.Lt dikes. On1111 r nL ri treta' r -t.-on a t th. war ,Jep.rtment ha lI under ..r. -em :he nrcg r rn' f.r,,, t,,, L0,-:n.len I.!-
ut ut e,,ryth rg but -e m l r,, -, ,.O n,,d nr,,,n an ap pi.alOn of the ,. ll- im p.:-rtant ,al. nm matter a ,nd la1 ret. n hrorr,, r .I ,i reliciu e. ees ,f tre
rin c. ow anrd at i I tn .:''r, ,-,rf, n f trK r',Er. : .
a vn Elo i arcA .:.l tlabl-, in o n -K r,,. 0 5. ":"? -'l ,,rIi dlr Farms .on pa5riv f.:.r pc!- to K :,' 11esl t.:da.. Ro.e 'r.:.:i Kr,_ l-t-. re inih l_- st 1 p
thr dlIffre-o'e. Fli, to rilBn LT po undsE .,C" nmi i. on tUo *:.3nrir1-: dialing .analr p,1tn-Ja-ter M'ary Be. Dirnell of KB, Da neli. l .h the coniter'n:- o:f the litreentli'
he- ith '. "s b i thtr," far. sh.uld br' e nr ,orrnec[,n L 1-al. :-_ EuJ ti? r, and l-,_oi a .ran, le,;r e.. the K ni-lirh ,:.f the E...t, n.: .n-
resulc Eirgol charge, s ,,:.ur i,:-alk. vs rn nt Li .. D.:. a and ..o ,K, and to l.:.ner D.:.t ah- n ,. o tie t i tnhe l..llo .1 t_ tha,
_.u (ar~ p plj a d tu I.. "0 r: tn t ad If Ine.. ,:l?,.e t." t h;,
tbloojd r.'in. m r :l.ins ..[ irr iih r-.iv rid bl,:, tra i 1h el .,r LaKe Apor-K. a pDuhl,-' h'lr- of" th.- ren niulja ,.sterd He 1H I u. : mniur i a In2 r.I [l.e ;i teentt de- r
co-pu le -- vl'-.'Eis En. blood 'he ,:arr. inx ri_ I[ De he-ld in tr T ilen'.']lle :,:, .:.- for the -urpo, ,-, f -, ttrndi, tni -,rA-' nt. ,ahd ,,_ ..kin7 in fi I, !,-,Irm c-, Lhe so''-
Po er to den,'er every ou.jnc.- of fat-msKir'o_ h,1 e, Tiblen.,lle. Orar :-e ,:,untv. a I I -, nersl -.;ohL.:..:ar.,: ,r_ Hi, Ar,.,ehent and enteeirn1 d, ,:.r:. under the dire.3rl I. f
m material In your food to -. er.1 p utt i, p. ..\ ,:.! ,: . M1 . f ,:r th p,, ,,:e t d .,:S otti h R ite I.i ei aP tie, .Ta r,,, ,,,-t Bl,, ,. ". n d, re.r K C
Sbod y av o ,,r e a *m * r n l. --_ot ..r the ...a.. ..n.. tem ple a nd ra. aa % Alai. Y..: ,r- H .. -.enerable r.e .pt r.., l..!,
Ire re. it or 'the t:,ll.",,A ri '361. si m -. r'""%i.,, ',] r t ; -'eu ._" t e [ a ,, ,- e F e ,i w = t i ~ ~ ,d tn, rahle F' :t..,r. -l ,t,.,
lared f. rj Thin r ople an m,, pro,' d ,.. ra,.on- ir,,, the nra l, or, unlooKer .--.terdas. -L the :onferrin_- ,f i ,:,:nt l ,un l r; ,nnrun,:ced.
fom ll to :-. pouri.Jnd, a nurin v ril.:tkn ,?,n .. >. .: lie e a1.i tMe ar. ou. u d-ar. .- of th. L.:at ge o P-e.- .-t p n he I ,hteent degre,
argc.l. and Ib n n liqh ,ra', Pr t. :.i-.i -._c .rd n-1.' no:.t;.' i- : .- aln th-t all t.:.10t fror the ,fourth to, the ,r. h ht: rr,.- R.:.. ) Ci t ill be c,-n-
,re a c.en"li.: .M.ntn on z-. j .I .-:,n- ,ntt, z -.i r, in n. ted ter erh b gyrr ,3 h. [t.: in. o ff .-.r '
.. ... i v narutd_ ._M.:e and. :tre t bVle. na tel He, o,-rt Bra-dll.. .3:i
Otzt r,-prou~..i . n, -5"L .i -- "
t o cbhem lsir.'. Th.y corm, iH) tablet-s to ;I V xprc | .. ,_d'. | I re K -115H s 1.. ir 1 ri -r F
pa.:liag. arc r'p:aann. rarminc ar.i in.. Qua V of the, plans r.'th reler.;nre- ho the tin.. "7,nt a r 3a.1 Oail.'.. .. l r.-- mr ,
pensti., and Belies Pharma::. n.1 i orne na liable c a 3pa,.'. of the *a er. at.:l hhe .e _p,,- il eilt Ir, he firal ,det r- G C-i.:r,, ner, ..n _,,.,.: .:.rat,.r. !
drunsiltt and ,13 :K, )r_ l. 1n ttID]I) at af-,- '
th um t l, rus. t .I '' W h le 31 -3 ta".emenIr t at tne hear- mn;nat,.:.u k, re nlht n re :,r ,n-. are 3 . n dile c.iiiderati.,, im r or- re :u mitted ,n d riL.n_ ,ornin." Errne.t L Rick.e,,. nd .r,.] -jgr .:e
Ln .. ,n n | -." guardian .:.' the Pmpe '. P. ind n


. i J -,iLL h pnard thinked _:u pr-,In y -iid YUW U
th-m ar.il s-aid that in v i. orf the tc- 'Mr; Ma- ters and M rs. Andrew, one the trip in fifteen days, going first.'
timon'r, as ad.lured he ddid r.-i '. I brother. Anitonrj.io Mister.'. Ill of t. cas all the way with fairly liberal 1
to .- ilh i.r. .:o d m re ndered i.i --rus1- M aso eventreen E-rand hl- ailowan.,e? for side trips to points of
I| v .i.?t ore 'wi.e .' drerL and thirteen rreat grand-rildren. interest,. admission to the Expositions,
"*I 3.:. r".:,r. quite e.-q hor, yo.-.u ,rn k FunerI s.nrvices w l ] be held at 10 et:.
f.:. r,,:r.:," for a nman -xho -as heen t ',.lo,:k -ni" r mornin t'ro:m St. Jo- You have the ebolce of several fa-
bl,.:ki nail. n ..:.n.'n." a;,d Jud e eph's ch ,r,:h at Lc.rrtro, Father n ,:> i tra.ins. including the "Golden
Sleppar,1. a" he adri .red thre ..-ind- n 'r,- m. I :',ff,'st.,ns. State-LLmited," "Colorado Flyer," "Cal-
ing jurors. The foli,:,nin w'vill act a, pallbear- ifornian," '"Colorado-Californli Es-
'It ..er a ci--e v, a': a mad :.ul lh;.i .ri X .1,llurm ,-'urr-.. Henr Brown, pre s ." Through sleeper from 1-tt4
one ha r,n. 1.'e utd .=r.rr rd ho,- Edward Hartle:.,. T ,orni.= Brown, Bar-' southeast to Colorado. Automatic, blocrc
,.1.:,ni,.n at tjlrne; le.ad th-,e -,L: the"., :.s ntr% Fint-st modern all-steel equip-
do .i.d -e ,:cannot,:, understand wn:.' n t. Superb dirung car service
l heit a -,on- an n']k.3 a m,--,te her Tre a: ..::atn:.ni has bee n e-ost jur-sses- ,Our repreaentatlves are travel ex-
cred ilittv affected and we will -ua ,n L it a lo ...ndertikin .. and a n- perts. They will be glad to furnish yoa
not bElIiet her, But with a mran a t is cItpat d _an u u-dalIy ,.:.,-,d patronate ith authentl literature from which
diff rent He lmay, be as euii y r, f the lalt e'.enin you can readily; estimate the cost .of a
samTe tr- ,inil aand el hi l.]eve il T-i,. v.-who pur.haied tickets can have trip. Write. phone or drop In fo. --
'ord Her- ,. man w:ho doe- nrot tI thir n,:,nt, re-tinnd.d by apple ,rig to formation at theP'r ., Atlanta
l~kr- a ,,'n lnal and-li c jil Pe-ters- Bldg., Atlanta.
l.-,k ,ke ,riniral ard h.et hr has MH. HFelen Hunt, No 4. e Du. H Hunt, D. P. A.
een demrrandin wr E ',, ,.f Wromen. H treet -- -
n, i' a't,'e bieern ignorant of ._r .-, f --
but n E Tv-t y Ir rtr !. :t,, ri rt r u
Will Consider Mercy. JN E E 114 U E: S S,
"Sr,,:6 tr, e ,urr. % has ked for the FR E E Z E R S
mer" ,r:,f the o.rt I wI take it Into R E E Z R S
e,,nr idersttihn. Thn_ raxlm in penalty
in a ,-ai thi kindaI-mthree \'e Turn easy, freeze qulck, take less
I Will take the matter under cnd- n H lee, make good cream. Compare It
After 'he jury retired. O'Brien con- wlthl all other makes. You w-ill flad
tinualiv mopped h.s head with his It the standard of quality. In size, 1
hand,,-er.:h,ef and to all appearances
was much w,:orried. pint to 25 quarts.
Up-:-n. the request of his attrrnev.
Frank D. Brennan, Judge ,Sheppard TH E
allh,.'= M r. Brennan until Frrday to
prepare a motion fo..r a new tria l. UAD
O'Bri.n was remranded to the rnunty B nUB A a
Jial. ,court adjourInng -horty fe 6a0 ( I
1.E:o Fk I a e enIn, g.


Brick, Lime.

Lumber, mnugles, Lath, Moulding, Sa.h, Doors, MIU Work.
JACKSONVILLE. LA. Cement. Planste

a , .

" ,-.t .


Big reductions on man.- articles suitable
for gifts and prizes now'.shown in our
Bay street *windows.
20% discount on all o .,r Fancy
2 OLeather Good's during sale.

House of

W. S. ennings ae na FLORIDA DENTAL
Member of American ROOMS
Peace Commission 304 Main St., Massey Bldg.

ON BY A. C. L, R. R. AND


new and irrr ..:iari t tramt n nr'l. be-b
I. m I ,,: :r'' e : e trda ,. M rv .n the .ra-
ant i,.: -, t Li ., raIllro a and lh-
Southern r 1vir-a. 1o itinmu handsI to -''e.
the be -t o .ist-ble -'chedule? from Ja ,'k-
.-.n' ule tO u Ma-on and AL nta m
E i'fL:.t 1'." nin r m, n:,rr tIlie t W e-tern
trainI lEa 'e henr. at i ?. a m daiy, and
w"ill be operat-d t.:, the liantic .:,a.st
LUne rallri.aJ oer its own rails to Jes-
up. a 1rere the trac-ks of the outt-
c rn railw a v. b ,--]m F r c.r. JEz up th e
I trin goe- to Ma'on and Atlar Lna-




May M:.erEon. president of the local
. ,',c iet for th o P retention of (_'ruelty
to Animal.- has been asked by the St.
Auuetine organization to offer 5.ome
eslios, tor tL'e. entertalnmint of the
delegates who 1;iII meet ,n tha; to N o-
%crn ber to aItend the annual rn-ee'inz
of ti'e national organiz'ation Mr My-
ellien hai ,rltticn the ST A -uFustlne peo-
pie making meerai sug-estlons and ten-
derng 1,-t.14 rles ifb he is needed at an,
tIin in th i L dl urE. Ir. Myr-rson has
at Lndad all of the national opxentions
of0 the laat 'few ;ceara and is familiar

Forsyth St., Next to Postoffice.



.Write for lices..


Florid Develo per


___ F 0. PE ll DEMOiilT lu EOPATH SUI.i THINKS Who's Dead? e silver
i. 0i1 Stuart ,otes .,'e i I ii i The
this week to re,,, a L Li Th T R
which was about three f t Trainer s 7-ooter W eighs
two wide, and was n a n
-plica of a Western Unionl Ul F
read as follows: IUUL111LII UI N 1LUUIIUI I IU1U1L The larne.-t and hamnet tarpon, Passers-bh on the paved
and Mrs. Good Citizen: c____ aught in East Coast waters posite the railroad station
Sister at once so your vote wa" landed by Edward Trainer ot coffin box on a truck. W
it in the June prinmar. We Two Ballot To Be Used- Also Likes People Here, And Philadelphia in the North Fork of morning, and some of then
e a one hundred percent the St. Luce river at 7:45 p. Bn. "Who's dead:" Nobody see
1 government when on, Kaparfr Comes Out For Finds Them Ap- Tuesday. An hour and a half of know.
percent o our citizen -election three men's time, and the aid of a Then it developed that the
d vote. Florida d r e-electon preatve woman, was required to subdue the. tarpon had been 'lJaid out"
Let's give it. Ruth Bryan giant fish and get it into Captain undertaker, R. D. Skelton
S Several nmore candidates entered I Vernon C. Sheldon. superintendent Fulford's. fishing-skiff. the "*Lolly- beine shipped to Long
the political arena in Martin count, of the Redpath Chautauqua here Pop. it is to be mounted by aP
fl this week. A new element was in- this week. is very favorably im- The silver king weighed 212 It had been found necess
produced in the race by the an-: pressed with Stuart'and its vicinity. pounds, which is 45 pounds heavier the fish in the largest
nouncement by C. E. Pitts. chairman "I can see plainly that Stuart is than any specimen ever before that could be found i
of the Republican County Commit- well situated.- said Mr. Sheldon caught in these waters. Up to the it is longer than most 1-
SIlilA ntee. that a Republican primary Tuesday. "One might well call its present time the record has stood are tall .
would be hi^d on June 5, coincident location strategic. -, at 167 pounds. When the ta:-derm
with the Democratic primary. "When I first became familiar Thone tarpoinch in length feet and girth will b plt ed on exh
The same inspectors and clerkslwith the lay of the land- and espe,- one inchne ns. M T ain rsd a ssisth Inn.
I pp- flTp ii' handle both-primaries at the ally of the water-here, I said of 45 inches. Mr. Trainer's as- r nn.
-I polls. Th Democratic candidates' 'there is a town whose future I ant wre pain and and Robert ryu l th-- Frka' i said anbe
WVI M1 EELTS names will be on one ballot, and not based on fictitious dreams. ItlLance
the Republican names on another. i the eastern terminus of the St. ford. The entire party was made tarpon fishing has been extra
of different lolor. When the voter Lucie -Okeechobee-Caloosahatchee- up of guests at Sunris'- Inn. in thes wate-is all winter.
pers Have impressionn ,.nters the polling place, he will name- I cross-state canal, it is to have a'
>rk Was Begun By his patty. and receive the appropri- Ideep-water harbor within the ne:,t I n R N
rkte ballot. Both kind- of ballots 1N months, I am told: it is about
Broward will be deposited in the saie box, midway of the East Coast of Florida: I II F
and counted at the sam:- time. it has the Atlantic ocean at its
This will be the first time that I front door and Lake Okeechobee at MnrF I
idow of the late Governi the Republicans have nomniinated by its back porch; it has sub-tropical II i
'was in Stuart .th;s we-k. primary election, and adds material- winters, so that farm products could
est of Mrs. Ethel T. Port-r. ly to the interest in the June 5 b, shipped to New .York in March
rs. W. S. Jenning.. t01 Jack- contest. Democratic candidates in and April; and it is soon to have |f Tfl HR l O I II t
nd is one of Florid.'s most their prinmaiy, will be able to count water rate transportation.'
women, being a past presi- only on Democratic voter., and Re- '"These and many other things I
lie Florida federation of publicans only on Republican voter_.. thought of when 1 first saw Stuart.
lubs and having filled tli- rhis greatly increases the difficulties I had the advantages of a map and ,
nm 1914 to '17. She or- for each individual candidate. be- a bird's eye view. and with the ex-
in 1921 the Florida Levpi- cau.e i, previous primary elections, experience of a travel I was able hows Remarkable Pictures Served Last Year-City
unell, composed of foul man. vote- that would ordinarily to make a mental s ey which im- Of Life In Fish sumes All Blame 1o
anizations of both won-n be Republican have beer cast fori pressed me so much at I shall not
From 1920 to '24 she Democratic candidates. be slow in sounding tuart's praises World Discrepancies
delegate from the Florida The outstanding; anrnounce(miint of when I again find myself in the
n of women's clubs to the th2 week was made by A. 0. Kanner, north.
federation. She tshen was who is out to succeed himself a .." have been sev years on the A special meeting, of th. Martin At the meeting of the city'.cc
vice chairman, and is now Representative from l martin county hautauqua circuit,. have made county chapter of the Isaak Waltun mission, Wednesday evening;'
, of an endowment board in the Florida legislature. Bcaue it a point to stud towns and League was called for Saturday R. Inne., who was a city tax
e an adequate fund fo the of his eniabl record in the 1927regions visited An ftr seeing evening March 24 to nt with '1. ess in 1927, protested cqrt
)f the state park commission, legislative session, in which he se- undf"eds and posMib timouands of R. Hodges, Shell Fish commis-ioner charges which have been made
as direct charcie of Roal i cured thIli- adoption of 29 Martin I can a out reserve of Florida. the valuation of Stuart prOperty)
Llk, 4S miles southwest 'of county rniasure_-, be-ides sponsoring towns, I can sa3- out r
irk, -IS miles southwest ot county measures, besides sponsoring that from a number f viewpoints The meeting was fairl',' .ell at cause' he thought these c
land aiding th- passage of a number Stuart is the most fablv situat- tended, but due to short notice, place him in a false li
lennings has lived in Jack- years. ed place I have e- n. uit.e a number of memin ber did not pri.sed the fear that
see 1905: Prior to that, Mr. Kanner introduced and se- "I can also saya assure you het the information in time to at- mioht accuse lion of I
.well kno'n she lived in iured the passage of lthe 20.000,- it. is not just be am here tend. The object of the Martin methods in work to wt
l'-Iernaiidti, county. Her 000 Everslades drainage bond issue that I am saying I like the county chapter in inviting MAr. given the most congci
p Jennngs, the well- I bill which recently was upheld un- Suart people and it:sts like Hodges was for the purpose of ha- possible.
is ti e'piesident of anxiously by 'The Florida Suprem4n, .. t s e lear to us ing him outmhn in person his en- tMr. Innes cited a
-' b ard. jCourt. He fathered the State banl- cultured iforceent of te salt water fishing. n) which valuations-
is the, only, in: law which passed tbhq H" "" ....
rl ..is t b'e. onl d hin law dieci passed tb'h i .i trobolitan laws under his department, and m, ror ,rid, in his estim
ittd in the under his direction, although lt f tuart particularly as to the laws affecting eq mity. "He it i
SWe.tin Senate. This hi TY 'evi- .Martin county. th poor m
..- 4 9 -th M AI tated that the Su- l- bec

August 10, 1944

Ship Launching

July 25th a good Liberty ship was
launched in the St. Johns Ship Yards,
Jacksonville, Florida, in honor of one of
Florida's greatest statesmen and a loyal
and true Baptist. We find pleasure in
presenting the account of this launching
and giving the address of good deacon
Thomas B. Adams.
Governor and Mrs. Jennings held
membership originally in Brooksville
Baptist Church and in coming to Jack-
sonvi'lle helped to organize the Main St.
Baptist Church where their son S. Bryan
Jennings Sr., still holds his membership.
Governor Jennings at one time was a
vice president of the Florida Baptist
Convention and at his death was serving
as a Trustee of J. B. Stetson University.
S. Bryan Jennings, his son is now serving
as a Trustee of Stetson and was a gradu-
ate in the law school of the University.
He has educated his three children in the
S. Bryan Jennings Sr., has to his credit
the Florida State Board of Forestry and
Park Board laws and served 10 years on
the Forestry Board and organized the
State for Forest conservation and seven'
of these years as the president ,of the
Board. All without salary.
The Liberty Ship S.S. W. S. Jennings
is a 10,500 ton ship, which means that it
can carry, when fully loaded, as much
as three freight trains of 75 cars each.
It has 2500 horse power and makes 11 to
12 knots an hour. It carries a crew of
75 Merchant Marines.
Mr. Thos. B. Adams said:
"I deem it an honor and great privilege
to speak concerning former Governor
William Sherman Jennings. He was my
friend, .and his family are my friends.
As a preface to my remarks, I wish to
pay tribute to the entire membership of
the Duval County Federation of Woman's
Clubs for bringing about this occasion,
in honor of a great man-former Gov-
ernor Jennings. I wish also to compli-
ment the officers, personnel, artisans and
workmen of this shipyard in their indis-
pensable work in building this, and other
If Governor Jennings were here today,
I am sure he would be proud of his
family who are participating or repre-
sented in these ceremonies. Since the
passing of the Governor, Mrs. Jennings
has become a distinguished citizen in her
own right. Her service as founder of the
Duval County Federation of Women's
Clubs and as President of the State Fed-
eration of Women's Clubs is well known
and it is partly in her honor that the
Federation sponsors this occasion.
Governor Jenningsi was a native son
of the State of Illinois. He came to
Florida in 1885 a young man 22 years of
age and became a citizen of Hernando
County, where he engaged in the prac-
tice of law. His great talents and ability
soon gained him merited recopgition.
When only 25 years of age he became
County Judge of his County. He served
in that office with such distinction that
his people promoted him to the State
Legislature when he was only 29 years
of age. In this office his services were
so outstanding that he was overwhelm-


ingly re-elected, and when 32 years of
age was av.'rded the honor of being
made Speaker of the House of Represen-
tatives. When he was 3.3 years of age
he led the presidential electoral ticket
of the State of Florida, whose four votes
for President were cast for Hon. William
Jennings Bryan. a cousin of Governor
Jennings. And, finally, in 1900, at the
age of 37 years, the people of Florida
elected him to the highest office at their
disposal that of .Governor and by
the highest vote ever cast in this State.
He has the distinction of being the young-
est man ever elected Governor of Florida.
During his administration and under
his recommendations, directions and su-
per.'ision, the following are only a few
of the remarkable things accomplished:
State taxes were reduced to the lowest
point ever attained; state institutions
were improved and governmental ex- J
penses systematized; the conditional sys-
temrn of pardons and parole was instituted.
He was the First Governor to advocate
State forestry protection and conserva-
tion; Florida's Indian war claim was col-
lected; more than a million acres of land
in the Everglades involved in extra
bonus open land grants to the railroads
was redeemed and returned to the State.
For centuries Florida possessed treas-
ures, resources and possibilities in the
Everglades. which were unknown and
unrecognized and had been merely an
uncharted v. wilderness Governor Jen-
nings was the fu-st Governor to recognize
this treasure and realize its possibilities.
We further find that Governor Jen- >
nings' message to the Legislature of 1903
recorded in the House Journal of that
year pages 19 to 103, is a model of far-
sighted statesmanship, showing that he
was strong for education, a great human-
itarian, a great builder and a great con-
servator and developer of the State's
natural resources. Many of the great
.State projects he advocated have since
become realities. The two closing para-
graphs of his message disclose the real
heart of a true statesman and a christian
His valued contributions to the pro-
gress and welfare of the State of Florida
are recognized by the United States
Sugar Corporation by its giving a
$1,000.00 scholarship each year at the
University of Florida in the name and in
honor of Governor Jennings.
During the later years of his life Gov-
ernor Jennings' time wasi taxed with his
extensive law practice and with the man-
agement of his properties. Yet he found
time to. serve actively as a Trustee of
Stetson University at DeLand, where he
was a strong influence for christian edu-
Considering such a life of achievement,
it is most fitting and appropriate that the
name of Governor Jennings has been
chosen as the name this ship will bear.
It evidences the truism that the good
deeds of men live on forever. And while
this merited recognition is a tribute and
honor to him, I am sure that by far the
greater honor is bestowed upon this vessel
the distinction of carrying that great
name upon its bow.
It has been said that the spirit of a
great man is imparted even to an in-

Page Eleven

animate object created by him under his
name. I sincerely trust that this ship
will be no exception to this rule, for it
will really have to be a truly superb ship
to be entitled to bear its name. And now,
good ship W. S. Jennings. upon your
being launched upon your course, it is
the fervent and supreme wish and prayer
of all of us that you as a ship will render
services of the same standard of excel-
lence in your sphere as were rendered by
Governor Jennings as a man."
July 25, 1944.


i ContlrILid tr,0 m j f ,.,_ 1 I
l.ur'Chnls, he li,'st dei uoi ,. n1
the v.oik
"MIy ir ljband toun..i th. Ever--
-ladEs land unpat-rnt'- nd iiii acd
the: n u.iiy patent:," Aail MI:..
.Jinnin, .. *"He i.;l],it,(d Indian 'vav
Clain,- to the 11oCtnint of ailmnot i
mi!hon dollars. In :-..:.iy po .ible
a.vn:,- and i without rt -..,e h.1e uave
hi lfit to the dt.-ioprm:-nt of thi:-
vast, unknojwn re.ioni which h- e.-n
then had faith to, belii've would l on,
da b, h 'the sugariro.'l of the- world.'
"One of the ,. it pri'in; findinL -
oi my husband n this ear! v .taI'.e
of Glades develop mii.nt was that tihe
state had 'rantcr many thousands
irnle acres of I id than it ownrJd.
He found the d ed in escrow for
additional land. He tore up tlih
deed and nrocelei d to recovery some
of the lands which had been granted.
The Internal Ipipr cement board was
then practicallyy bankrupt, beina
without funds. or i ads. My husband
was employed ".a attorney for the
board through se. eal adrninistra-
tions, ia&'d-suc<(ded in bi ingine'

- Stuart--th.i't- beautiful!
: , ;..4 r .

* F'

S agricultural Commissioner
Refuses to Sign Bonds;
Gives Statement.


Long Battle Ends for State
Drainage Board

Gov. John W. Martin today an-
nounced the collapse of his plan
to finance drainage work in the
Florida Everglades to its com-
pletion, because of the alleged
refusal ot Commissioner of Ag-
riculture Nathan Mayo, one of
the five members of the drain-
age board, to sign bonds with
the proceeds of which the gov-
ernor hoped to carry on the op-
In a statement issued late to-
day Governor Martin declared
that the aUeged action of Mr.
M3ayo in refusing to sign the Ev-
erglades drainage bonds "means
that the Everglades virtually must
be abandoned insofar as the state
drainage board is concerned.'
Begun In 19i;.
Governor Martin instituted bie cam-
paign for continued financing of Ever-
gladea drainage work early in 1927.
After funds on hand had been ex-
hausted, he made a trip to New York,
were he conferred with Dond house
officials. Upon his return, ne issued a
statement to the effect that he had
succeeded in obtaining a market for as
much as $20,000.000 worth of new Ever-
glades oonds, but that the agreement
with the New Yoi bond houses had
been preiacated. upon passage by the
legislature of measures designed to take
care of the propo-ed additional in-
debtedness, and a subsequent decision
from the state 6uLpreme court holding
the acts constitutional.
Two bills went though the 1927 leg-
islature almost overwhelmingly, one
providing for the diverting of certain
funds derived from state lands in the
district, and the other levying an ad
valorem tax amounting to about one-
firth of a miill, to be applied to liquid-
ating the new indebtedness.
Soon after adjournment of the Jegis-
lature. drainage operations in the Ever-
glades were discontluetl altogether, the
State Drainage Board announcing that
lack of funds had made a suspension
Charges Arise.
Passage of the two legislative acts
resulted In a series of charges and
counter charges involving the new
drainage program. One state-wide de-
bate was held IP which the governor,
personally defended his plan. Litlga-,
tion bqgan In the courts, both state
and. federal tribu.nals,betlg-caUed upot
to enjoin the State praina'ge Boai:
from carrying out the provisions. of.tl .
two.-legt.pla.tlv,M acts, '....
.,. :,.n,,. one oe t. c oiled ,i3

of the dralnagei
the board had signed a .
effect the sale.
"My connection with the Everglddes
must end here," the. governor's. states
meant, said. "I have given- my best :el-
forts toward making It a produotVye
part of this great state and have kept
my promise. What the future holds.1 t
that part of Florida I cannot presume
to foresee. It must necessarily be aban-
doned now."
Mayo Gives Statement.
After the governor bad issued hlo
statement, Mr. Mayo gave the Associat-
ed Press his reason for not signing the
bonds. He had declined to sign them,
he said, because of court litigation
pending against the proposed issue.
"This raises an issue respectin, an
important state policy which must
be squaielv met.' 'Mr. Mayo said. "As
a state official and a member of the
board by virtue of holding a certain
state otiice. I announced it to be my
juagment that, the board of commJa-
stoners of the Everglades drainage dis-
trict should not consummate the sale
and place these bonds in position to
be offered to the investTing public wntle
litigation affecting their validity Is
Martin's Views.
The statement of Gov. John W. Mar-
tin follows:
"The position of Hon. Nathan Mayo,
commissioner of agrlcult.urp, in trfus-
ln0 to -.ign the new Evcrglades drain-
age bonds means that the Everglades
virtually musr be abandoned insofar as
the State Drainage Board is con,-ern-
Four years ago, I promised the people
of that district that I would Ltv to
finance the reclamation of this area
if elected governor. For the past three
and a half years, I have worked In-
dustriously In an attempt to procure
enough money to can';, on the work
of dredging canals and building pro-
tective works around Lake Okeechobee,
without which no agriculture can hope
to succeed there.
"Finally T was able to get bwo of the
best bond houses in the country to
agree to put up enough money to com-
plete that reclamation, at a cheaper
rate of Interest to the drainage board
than such securities ever had been
sold for before. I financed them on
their own basis, so that the balance of
the state would not have to pay a rent
on the bonds or their interest
"Every member of the drainage boar.
agreed to the sale and each member
Including Mr. Mayo. signed the c
tract with the bond houses for the
of the Everglades bonds. Each tooKi
In all the steps leading up to the
trual signing and delivery of the bona
and all were In perfect accord as to
their value. Tht fact that one mem-
ber out of the five now refuses to fsif
the bonds until all litigation Is settled
makes It necessary for this board to
abandon all work in the Everglades,
as It Is well known that litigation can
be kept in the courts as long as t.he
opposition desires even though the su-.
preme court of Florida has fully passed'
on the bond issue and held it Der'tectlV;
valid. The bond houses are wilihgl to'
ar-eept the bonds In keeping' with the.
CIontl .ed- on Page .
. % .. ,, -

M , ; .

statement with a copy of a telegramrn
he had sent to Eldredge and Company,
notifying the latter of the disruption
of his financing plan.
At, a meeting of the board, held
Tuesday, all members of the board. ex-
cept Mr. Mayo, were willing to sign and
deliver the bonds, the chlef executive
explained. In compliance with the
agreement between the board and the
bond fi trm. He added that, It would
not nov, be possible for the board to
deliver the bonds.
'This attitude of Mr. Mayo in re-
fusing to sign any bonds as long as
thele are iny law suits pending In ref-
erence to them. encourages the opposi-
tion to file other frivolous suits, the
governor advised the bond firm.
The other members of the board are
TLeasurer John C. Luring, Comptiol-
icr Ernest Amos and Attorney General
Fred H. Da.ls, all of whom have signed I
the bonds.



14 .

," "" '.""'.\'.


V something toward that nd. During all
recian Chamber that time the state h s been unable
to conclude the work because of lack
To Be Dissolved ot finances. To my min it would bave
0 bee a great thing f r the stali of
Florida to have reclaim ed this Immense
ATHENS, Jul 5-'-- T area, larger than R ode Island and
ATHENS, July 5.-(P.-The chamnt- Connecticut and wond erfull .ferite
her of deputies probably will be dl- "mThe people of Fli rida have given
solved by decree, to be issued Sau-. the balance of the atio- to under-
day, and new elections will be fi:ern stand ior the past twenty-five year;
tot Atgust 19. that the Ererplades rould be ree sited
PM. VEntzelos, the premier, prcides an made t habitable That completion
over a meeting of the cabinet after i]. Z, practically aiu -led throu-h 'hreu
a sworn in and announced that l- and a half ears ord k. I rc r
poiernment prouran', would ose no mmc tli under kinfa that FI',rtci
forth in a declaration either in t :.. st e te u,., d i., th fo. r s quarter da
chrnber or directly t.o the nation centtI destr soyled w tt I haRe udoae in-
Venizelo; ur. ed sTricrLt ec Honc iLv 'tn d ro I he po n e N mt ro l
at public services. tarmnnlou Part and t ethe mponeibilit- for I
tions between capital and labor and P- failure cannot Iert ulpon mi y 1houl-
lorts to augment the nation:.i rI-sourr- dci p"' I
es bv produ'ti"e labor He cmpha;iz -i h Laetter f tlde Pul p'ic
the necessity of impartial elections an., te Maro. I r n h blics p stie ine
declared tnhai the the ate mare public a letter he
d Clar nued t ereorm ie r1. ) had "'ritthe t he ie and cuber
mnt of two leading statesmen outrid- had is'tten the Egovernor and cther
the libearl ran s guarantee thaitr etc t Tor ein of the board. It loilo.sE in
elections would bhe a flee manit,:i = part, I
tin of the pcTople. wilhl. .ld 'It Is my undrstanding that vhen
t of rts her I p '_ pd. the bondsi are completed by th- ex-
You Know a Tonic is Good erutlnn of all ouemer-. of the btnard
when It makes you eat like a ug of contmi.sioner of the Everlad'
boy and brings back he color nto in d t is propod to con-
your cheeks You car, soon feel the ;umnm"te th .rali e of said bond bi,' dn-
Strencrhening. Inrtcc.rating Effecti l'ir-'lne Sa bopd to, the purch-per.
of GROVE'S ASTELESS CHILL Dil,_,n R nad Aid Company and El-
TONIC. GOC' .-AdvI di.-.e ,. nd Coimp any. both of New Torl;
TONIo. .Adv te____ rity. ',tu d recei nc ithe money thret-ii
S pI1 d f irom ther-. I u ders.tand it to be then
Collapse of ve r glades ,ntEntion, in ti rn. to ocrer theTe eicndl
.or 01to Sbh Investiz"i public
S"TlheE bonos have been pr-psared
Program Is Announced and t r cota1l6 At for their ecale carried
0 ,on pursuant rt the provisions of chap-
te.r 12016. Acts of the Lecl.-.iatut. of
Continued from Page 1. 1927. the official acrin- of the bharri
-- of commissir.ters of thle Ever::ade-
contract, recardless of the many petty oainace distrlct which hare ra-er
suits filed igalnst them. riace ince sidl act a pas-ed and
'Connectionll E ds." Trtlimlnarr to the ultimate tr.nsac-
"My connctio wt t lions of s.peilin the bonds. 'ind recci'-
"My connection with the Einertlade; i'- he n'on. hnherefor While hnce
must end here. I have _iven ms bect office acrri-. h'ie h,-n pin- on r'-
efforts to'.ard making ii afl productive _iO afn;. sod .uits tavpe bona-
part 01 tis creat tate and hria'e kept nondimo in the coiJir_ to trsr thp *a-,
my promise What the future holds c foi r.f the ,. and h leall'v of
that part of Florida I cannot presume he enre proeedaind and varloiu-
to foresee It mu.t nFeee-s.-cari be .nan- ohaeen thereof.i
donedf now. ".Notiiitih'.nr.ding this litigation. I
"The state pledged itself to carry on have co-operated In rtie official acriin;r
the reclamation of the Etertlades t\'en- of the board rclntinc Ino thpe ;.ii1'i
tI-two years. a.o under the lead&iship under tl.? 'tIc' that I should nor Irn-
of Napoleon B. Broiprd. and each terpoae my inclvi'.dLia Ionirmpni r, ;n,1
- cceedino governor has conrrlbuteri obstacle to lhb c-rti, nra out of I rip

The li title daugh
'uok, wivie of I
ni ut have ibough
iar,'hcr was a movi
tor when the above pi
taoen. In any event
shown hitting some high
Thie bhaly' name is .Julia
ind( her mamua w as once A.l
Knowltrnon 'of follies fame.
1r, err. i..-n |i ].r; rit,- te pn.:,],n .i

ilhberate legi-la[i 'e policy. and in view
that prior to the rime of the actual
roni.nnmmation rof the salc of the ends
all the litication xoula be disposed of
"L.irir.tion 1 I still pending qu. s: n-
In. trhe vIllairy of the act under 'uich
it is nropr.o:-ed to issue these bond and
the lezalith y f the ctOffi-lal proceedings-
basicd upon said aci, and the legality' oi
the bonds. Pending this litigation the
board requested, and as one of the
members thereof, I was requested to
sign the bonds and co-operate in their
actual and ultimate sale and delivery.
"This raises an issue respecting an
important state police' .vhich must be
squarely met. As a -rate official and a
m'm.n-ber of sait board, bv 'irtue ot
holding a certain ;tate office, i an-
noui.ined it to be mrv lud:mlcnt that
the board of comnlisi.:oners of t\er-
tglades draina-- district should nor
coniumm-tn i -.id ale and place ihesc
hondi in proiton to be offered to the
in eirii i: puLloic Wiile litc.lation affect-
nc riticir validity Is pending Thereiore
as a. member of said board. and as I
comnmt;ioutr of aarlculture of the
,tat:- or Flolda. I respectfully declined
to slan said bonds or otherwise I.ar-
ticipare In their atual and final de-
livery and sale, until all litigation af-
fecting the validity of the issue Is dis-
posed of "
Bond House Notified.

.... :I

. :- ` I







Many Northerners Planning
To Come To Martin
0 County

E. 1I. Cleveland of Palm City
Farms announces, a plan this week
to encourage -4,000 acies of potato
cultivation in Martin county next
winter, on a plan that is so far-
- reachiner that it almost amounts to
gi.Vig the land away to persons
who will develop it.
Under Mr. Cleveland's plan, a
potato farmer need have only $20
cash to he in possession of 10 acres
of rich South Florida land. and he
need pay only $15 a month there-
after until the total of $400 is paid.
Or if the potato grower wants to
pay cash, he can buy 10 acres for
$.350. This offer is for 10 days
only and on account of its unusual
attractiveness, will doubtless draw
a considerable number of potato
growers to Palm City this year.
"I believe in Martin county," said
Mr. Cleveland, "and I make this
offer as evidence of my faith in
its future. Potato growers here
prospered this winter when all other
parts of the State were touched
by frost. The growers netted frorA
18 to $10 a barrel. When this fact
is noised abroad, potato growers will
flock hre by thousands. By offer-
ing some of my 4,000 acres at,.-$35
an acre cash. or $40 an acre on
easy terms, I am giving them a real
opportunity to enter 'a profitable
Mr. Cleveland will retain 200
acres which he wishes to cultivate
himself. He is of the opinion, however,
that this will he as much acreage
as he can well farm with the facili-
ties at his disposal, and is thus able
to give others the benefit of an
opportunity to acquire a farm for
almost nothing.
At the present tune there is a
decidedly good prospect of a lange
influx of population for PaLn,' City,
Fatnug, though nothing has. as et
been settled finally. Mlr. CleVad
is in touch with a welteiie3sp '
tion in Chic4 chj s-
1S-stosy .hoibtel it9o
as.6 ,i..

S'egItn li ,
Win'dyo, 'oib-
state of sunshine anti
they decided to saTne
hotel now in course of em o:
after the state they had -found. 'o-i
hospitable. 'i'
This welfare league which has' a,
membership of thousands of em-
ployees of terminal lines, now wants
to take over a hotel in South
Florida where its members can find
a temporary home on coming south
in the winter. It also wants land
holdings here where its members
mav work, if they choose to do so,
and raise vegetables and fruits for
the hotel table. Th.e leaders of this
organization are contemnplatinp- the
purchase of 3.000 acres of land in
South Florida. and, up to the present'
time. no section seems to them as I
beinc- so desirable as Martin county.
Sixty thou-and coal miners from
the mountains of easteuin KIentucky
and We-t Virginia are preparing to
leave- the min,. and return to the
farm. Th.-ir atte nation is just at
pr-.-rent tocus--d on Martin county.
Th. se pros.-ective settles are
Huor1 2ariaci. Thi.y and their tor-
b.ar- v.ei. former' in Hungary,
and as just indicated they now
want to return to their first love.
Another group of Hungarians. li'.ir g
in New York and vicinity, ice.ntly:
attempted to purchase a tract of
20,000 acres in Flagler county, and
had put down $75,000 as a binder
when the company selling the land
discovered it would not be able to
deliver the goods. They were un-
able to give title to the land and
the large binder sum reverts to the
prospective purchasers.
The Hunearian organization now
plans to send a delegation of three
persons to Florida for the purpose
of selecting a colony site. If satis-
fied, the delegates will recommend
the purchase of 5,000 acres at least.
The future colonists have agreed to
abide by the decision of the dele-
These people also want a com-
munity center, and it is thought a
number of them would live at what
is now Palm City proper. The ma-
jority, however, would live on the
There also is a large colony of
Italians in Newark, N. J. who want
to come to South Florida. One of

the leading Italian bankers of the
eastern states is planning to pome
to Palm City and investigate land
conditions in Palm City Farms. A
letter reaching Palm City last week
stated he might get here before the
end of the present season. and if
not there is not much doubt he
1at', do .:r, irie:tinme next season.
TI-. Ilt. -in : ill! f.i -r,: t his recom -
-, .-ndi'ti i .-n inr i' r\'.-' dly. I .
A. a ti. tn- t oLjt tlie chanibe'r of
,:1 ii. r, l,.li ct v.. el: lM r. Cle'.e-
I[-,i,,I |ir,].,o- l that land or.'ners of
tli connmiinit: c,. t together and
work out v' s.' and means for ect-
tirn. r.rosqr ctivei purchasers here
from the north. A committee com-
pos-ed of the followxinc persons were
chosen fnr this purpose: Carroll
Duni,'o,-heb. Ch-rles R. *r-enlees, P
M. M-eCrary. Stanley Kitching, E.
M. Cleveland. chairman. It was
suoeestori that each land owner con-
*ribute fifty cents for each acre of
land hn may choose to list to build
up a fund for this purpose.

State Drainage Board Seeks

To Dissolve Injunction That

Holds Up Everglades Bond

Complainants Have Until
I ro. After a galheing at \Wet PatL
August 6 to Reply in Eea..i. ,a groupp of businezz men. ap
point.:a a[ rnar arcrning to codadI net
the Proceedings. .rte pro.ranD or .ancie, mi-ti
-Taliah-UsEe aa. after s on all-day ees-
TALLAHASSEE. Jull 15-IAPIThe --0oL. 0copted a rE.solutio recomrend-
State Dainaee -ard is no,' prpra.-irnq ing an Exrension oi the astrici, to
TO niaKe an cflort to disol.e [e temr r arn e in n. rErit.-.r, lor taxation, the
porar inliunction prsrtEd at PerInic- E'Io of uri.-nuill sthale-vIide r3x to
cola ov Federal Jdi-cla HH,nri% D Cla,- jI-lp n i .nncini tne p0ork. and the
ton In the n6w famous Everglaie ceIation ri d al eiP-, in the district
financing case. P r co-opeite v irn ihr rate ba.-i in
The case was the outgrowth of r.i- lani opciati n A surve.) az
forts on the part of the board to put l. rei-qiec io c, .: U inili b iv.r lhas
irnto opr:tic.nr the plan of Gov. Join W I.Feti, d._onr anid I har inlht he re p.ect-
I-T rrin ogr .disposing of bonds of the ,-a 'iti tn uture ai.irinie .o'ark The
E'er loae district with which it '.- -urine- v,.a' ub.qu.-rric carried out h'
hoped to make immediately avai.aoil c..rp. ol proruien nc t engineer.
$10,0000,000 to finance further ELe.r- (oveior Pa r.o-r, Plan.
glades drainage operations, and ro t'rr Phr.rae bla.
ness over the p o area, and another tilo -t rn i.E n no.n, r'_.i t 'i '..a
000,000, if needed to complete t4le W I0r 1 tti i., ,, ",ri e ti-'et
work.$0 0 toL .0ti-at ht U-1-10f." i n lance the
Pudge Clayton's decision followed it- E.tergi.,daci ..a,i: 11 -lt. U would ci..'e
junction proceedings instituted by nrm permli-ion to naindae at The pro-
Spitzer-Rorick and company, a T -o -,:al v 3.-a prmni-ptIt '.rnteat The :o'.-
bond firm, which claimed that it n-d .~rnorr. tir,-own i-: conrIection v.itn ter-
Spriority in the matter of taking..et 'a1, i.n biudln..:- inrer'rt- of Pi-l irra
E.er-Ilal.k district bonds, and that dl.- aine,- ., rm.,rker foror nci. E,.er-a.'de.-
prial of the bonds in the Martin plaFn ]:, 'idi_' ,ith I'.re- N.', Y .k -r..nd
to tw'.o b.nd firms of New York vculd rou:'e El.r--d.-e at CoiLnpir,,. as the
be v!iola:"e of an alleged contract nlcd [l,-,pe-:tl'e ac.,ptr
by the Toledo concern with the bo.rd,1 It va.'_ hre .,tht S D'. S Wat .eld,
The effect of the injunction was1 to dl,.ctaci preflInr,t or t,, Se.boa.1J Air
block the board's efforts to deliver thrl Line railro:,.l, ..h.: ,a-.i \al'iri,,lly inter-
new bonds. estra' In* in :,nllnr F eEter iasioes J.irin-
Mayo Refuses to Sign. '-'e .operarinr, ..:it what thr rard
Just prior to issuance of the in- rel_,i .- irn :i.,Itbl,.. ,'i-sran,.e to
junction, Commissioner of Agriculture 'he :.-' er :.r in n'i:,Ar:.?ii., rI.:. i mna'.
Nathan Mayo, a member of the board. :,nd DH-,lu ri ,'. inr C-.:mp:,nv an-
refused to sign the new bonds, ,-,re- ',rb.'r N'.- Y'i: r.-.:.rd fuinm 'l-. ral-
st.,llin, efforts of the other hard 1- miad- co-p.:rtr,.,r ir Eldre:dz'e nd
-rembern to dispose of the issue. Mir C.-rn.in'- in 'r,n-'irn-- ri,- pr.:,poL_-.i t-'
F.'iv, a':e pending litigation againm-r :UP
the issue as his reason for not signrin2 The ST,-T.reli f ti hornd rirmn-
the bonds. TCo :tal I' r -'1 r-., , ir.edI,tFa upon
The announcement that the ti,:l .-' c ,orn- r ofi rh .-:'.rnor. anu the
was preparing to attempt to dla:,lolv bor,-d_ t.:. =pon-.r c.' :,in .:-irtic.n
the injunction was made by Attlrn', ri'-.' din_ --i- [. rf' iz'u; and a -Ubse-
General Fred H. Davis. In the m'an- Q'l.nti .l.I-T-.,n .:. the: Florl:a r uOpremie
time, Mr. Davis said, Judge Cla':ton rcourr r.:,rdJinr the I.:calit" f rithe a ct
has fixed $50,000 as the amount -of 1Ti eL-i-tlt-.n c dopred ver-
the b.ind to be required of the 'rrn- ,'henllii.:_,7 b' rth-- 1927 leisliture
pI.lnsntc ir an appeal is taken. a,nd l th'* -tirt:e -pr.-ire coilrt by i ur
Judre Clarton gave the board I nrtil ,ni r,.is riF.:i:irn. held It valid.
Au,ilslt F to reply In the proceeding Al nalorem Tax Le'vy.
1.efnoe the injunction is made pe:ma- The le.alation prat ia'id lor the
n.nt pllcation of certain re,'enue derive
r rFaI'l In Drainage Plans. .tote b.-:ardr- from lar l
Incidents In connection with further and the leaving of an
financing' of Everglades drainage *'nork mr.unrtri, rn to about
have occurred in such rapid succession rmll, to pIying off the ne
tlst It wo'iuld not be amiss here to indebtedness of the area and the-l r letter enjoin the
t-iefIv rev-.i- the situation from its Governor Martin eventual id u':-..ie rb.? ael'.er'. '..'a ..rrnea
imcention The information is supplied nounced the sale of tme oond. ut. The 'ov."rnr-r, ir Lunirrg .a1 J
by tihe rerord and by' members of the tests were heard from r ome o' tluart L.-,' ',-: s-:rt.tarv .if 'he Ouard.
drainage board. The objectors cl'hauita the govi, went to Newv. Y.rl: v -er.:r tie' n- d
Governor Martin, in his race for the and the board wvti undue &-cr-"- ,in Itie b.i.-I,. Art.:rie', CGern-ral ".'it
governorship, pledged himself to con- effecting the sale.. amontiuty iIn :I .:ouli ii.1.r lo.n rh,ii, rIi-nr at nar
tinue the reclamation work in the Ev- nouncing the sale piice end a oreaci r.n-:n to ati.[. ri-% ni: i-r-rur,. -atii Co-jr.p-
erglades, if he could find some way to of governmental plcIcaiire in fmbling riolir Erri't Ai'i.:. an1 C,:,n'lt- a3LAer
finance it. When he assumed off.;e in to call for bids for tnc n'e.' isue ri-, of .L.rl-.?ll..ii r.IL o ,:.ul. u .:.t :: -iat
1925, a heavy indebtedness was o0 the board officials hau nro.,jr'.c tht t.he ail. the l ai:r .:'.,:ed iti, board irir
district, and a market for Everglades price obtained for rii.e bona, xva; tre he ..'.-'i d '..ii. ,i; an O .inci -jar.icl
bonds could not be found, best ever produce, aiand ga'.e rtlie '- i LL:--Ae
In 1926. the governor called a meet- terest basis of th- n.ia;, as the ,--a i N.o t, be ourdcn,:r'. incli l Ii _-I t ..:
ing of Everglades business interests, agreed upon. | carry out their contract with the bond
and others concerned In conti-uing Certain Dade county interests, v. i dealers, the governor and Mr. Luaing
the reclamation work to devise ;ome. had bitterly fought the governor's suggested that the bonds be seat as
way of further financing the opera-! gram almost from the beginning, in- speedily as possible to Tallaha-see,
cluding the bills in the legislature giv- where it was hoped that all igna-
ing approval to it, began to center tures could be obtained quickly. The
their efforts on the courts to defeat bond firms despatched the bonds by
the plan. They filed in the circuit airplane to Atlanta, and they were
court for Leon county a petition to sent from the latter place by train,
enjoin the board from carrying out arriving here almost as soon as the
the provisions of the legislative acts, governor and treasurer.
alleging that they were unconatitu- Meantime, the board officials and
tional. Judge E. C. Love, at Quincy, bond dealers were served with formal
Fla., finally grated a temporary in- notice that Spitzer-Rorick and' Com-
junction and an appeal from his or- pany had petitioned the federal curt
dered was promptly taken to the Flor- at Pensacola to enjoin the bond Is-
ida supreme court. The unanimous sue. The race had now resolved Itself
decision upholding the cn.ti utoaul- into one between the board and the
ity of the acts, and tI'.ereing Jtdge federal court.
Love followed. Mr. Amos finally signed enough of
Court Decision Is Signal. the bonds to let the board know of
The decision of the supreme court his willingness to carry out the con-
was the signal for the board to pro- tract, but Mr. Mayo could not be
ceed with delivery of the bonds. V While reached. It was learned that he would
the opposition continued to petttion not return to his office here for two
various courts in efforts to stenm rhe or three weeks. The other memb-,'s of
tide, steps preliminary to actiull'i the board know that, to wait that long,
placing the bonds in the hantis o" the would run the risk of a possible In-
rnei. Dniu,r -' T'hr* taken' The nnrld lnclon i
filin'; r il'iii-ll trilir intend ion to take Inli nlt lioi i I- C.i.iin erl. ,
thea d b hsn ar._- all member- of the Tie ,C.-*'.- r.:'- i aiIl',' ,:.IT iniiil t *,-d
0.:,ii- l ci-al lnet a i-:,trai'c t r irth nein ".Ith Mr Mi',t'i at Li:, C r. Ti. ,. : li.
itn'.iiin de:-lierv' of the bonds., r'.ecuul' e ire.- the ar:riciilrijtal ri-l-
Dirnr it.en z heart of the Demo-.rallc iJefleoner r ,i : rcrrn to T'iihasee -c ind
rt.limn'r cin'i,pon Goveinor Mi-tuin. attend r.., his- p3t rOf he !_ue At i
.ar te Tre)--urer John C. Luning and o',nfI renr-e h-r ,I ai fe,.. d e, 1ir,-.r, Mr
AI roC.rne7 Gen,:-r3al Fred H. Da\ls,. all l Ma',n far.n-'uncLr '- il r,-fif a ..I -*sn
nmmI-er. of the drainage board. *n- at the bonidi and I.:: thln rweek ,.frrr-
Taln'pa. cr.nfetr ed \Ith an a&torn:V for .'ard= Judce Claton granted the in-
rhe bond fI'rni and announced that Junrction
ri tra3isfer rf the bond; as:t fn -'rler With thlP nrdcbtrdn'- .:till o,":' the
T.-n million dollars worth of te.-ipo- dlrtrlcrt. the bo-rard lia h br.,n prs-d'r
rary' bond: had been signed oy all for a settlement of a i23 '.: 000 billil"
riembers of tile board. and were 1o be held aalri't ir.t b a Bilrnn,-.re d'erip-
b:i a-: a n sort of binder. to bi re- in c':rn.ern A mtlil sertleii'ient 'as
placed bv' the permanent bonds as irade .,methinc In the neichborh,-ad
:oon as The latter were signed ant de- of f80000 Iea-ine nearly" .$22250,0 'C
slivered to the firms be Dild. In l ddirion t.h e th. 100'"001)
A short time later, the boa d re- bond debt. with the orinl hope of I.-,ui-
celved notice that Spltze and dating the two drbts Ivlr,,r In the rol-
Comnpan was active t the lccrlon of a comparatively 'mall
re"' issu-. A series were amount of drainage taxes each v'ear.
1-eld between of and _-----
mrembers of
"s ult thlt'
bhec ,

IS1_CpiP. or, interest on' -the bonds.
41C ii-had, had .an: idea that the issue
1 ,lka.l{be "a direct. or dn imndrec.
obbligation of the state of. Floridk,
requiring the people outside the dis-
trict to :pay any part of them, E
never' would have negotiated for
their sale or considered such a nega-
ti'ation. '
"Now since the Supreme court of
the state of Florida has clearly stat-
ed. that the bonds are an obligation
fonl yof the district itself and not
of the state as a whole, it will be
seen that I have done my duty in
trying to carry orn the reclamation
of that vast area. This has been
accomplished in the face of the most-
bitetr kind of opposition, when, fin-
stead I should have had help and
"I am slad that in spite of the
abuse and unjust criticism and alr
of the other opposition that has been
thrown in my way, I have- been able
to do thi. er'- it '-ood for Florida.
The decision of the Supreme court
vindicatres n-, position completlyand
leaves the opposition with not a Peg
to stand on "1

Stuart Men Elated /
Over Court Ruling X

Stuait business iren are elaZed
ov-er. the rn-.vs that the twenty mil-
'on dollar is:u,: ot Everglades drain-
_.- -Jdsrict bonds placed on the
market prior to their validation and
thereby ca'iin. forth adverse criti-
cism, have b-en declared valid by-
the Supreme court of the state.
Mayor J. E. Taylor said: "That
news sure mians better times for
Stuart and Martin county! It means
a good financial hunting season. You
can't turn twenty million dollars
loose in this part of the country
without giving us all a chance to
chase 'em, and we are sure to catch
a lot of 'em." Mayor Taylor is
nothing if not original.
Theodore Dehon: *'The favorable
decision of the Supreme court re-
garding Governor Martin's fight for
the completion of the Everglades
drainage work is one of the most
important decisions beating upon the
future development, of Florida that
has taken place within the past
P. R. McCrary: "That court de-
cision means everything to us, and
is surely the dawn of a new and
better day. Martin county is the
outlet for all that great and amax-
ingly fertile district of the glades
and many, many thousands of dol-
lars will lodge in this vicinity as
they float out from that region into
general circulation. You, of course,
understand the expenditure of that.
huge stim will mean the deepening
of the St. Lucie canal among many
other things."
C. 0. Pittman: "I have long held
that 'if a community, county or dis-
.trict can raise money by bonding it
'had better do. it. The reaction from
thisi exfendithfre of twenty iTliha
'(Continued on nsae 2)

... .. LEADING A

S : 1 RIPTION $2.50 A YEAR




Bond I3sue Of $20,000,00O
Approved Unanimously
By Justice Whitfield
TALLAHASSEE. March 27.-The
program of Gov. John W. -MarEs
to finance drainage of the FTloarid.
Everglades to its completion war
upheld today by the state Supreme
court in a unanimous decision-
The court reversed orders fr
the Circuit court of Gadsden county
and dissohed a temporary injam-
tion against members of the board
of commissioners of the Everglades
drainage district, carrying out the
provisions of legislative acts of 1927,
auThorizig$ tho issuance of $20,0006-
000 worth of additional bonds for
drainage purposes.
'1be opinion of the. Supreme court
was by Justice J. B. Whitfield.
It held that the proposed new
Everglades bonds would be oblga-
tions of the district and not the
state of Florida; that the legislature
had the power to authorize the is-
suance of the bonds; upheld the
right of the lawmaking body to ihn
V.~ose a reasonable advalorem tax fas
Yitirlng the bonds in the 'district and
that ;any lands within the distdEit
iBavin. hobie of direct or inadmect
jb'ezfits from the tax should be E-
,for its part.


C)NDAY, JANUARY 3, 1916.









_,.... J. T. DISMUKES---FLOW-


r1 i.'. .r, i

"1voli I '. h: i n A" i; r d L, I r, .1 1:
verting it into the beauty spo of
SAmerica. |
Mayor Ingraham's address, 011
S was heartily received and thoro olyI
appreciated. is printed in full e-
Swhere in this issue.
Following the orato the orator of the .1B
I favorite hymn, Abide With '.I- i
Ssung by the city choirs under the
Direction of Mr. Leighton, acoem-
panied by the band.
Mr. Dismuke's Address. '
The third address of the afternoon
was delivered by President John T.
Dismukes of the First National Bank
of St. Augustine, and an intimate
friend of the late Mr. Flagler.
Mr. Dismukes spoke of the honor
he felt on be ig invited to speak oni
such a momentous occasion, but ta.t ti
the previous speakers had -covered so
thoroughly the life's work of Henry
M. Flagler, so far as his activities in
Florida were concerned, that he
would confine himself to the nariat--
ing of a few personal incidents. n-r,
Dismukes then told of his personal
friendship and of some of the most
commendable characteristics of the de-
ceased. He referred to the fac( .t
he and Mr. Flagler came to S't..
tine within a few months of onen- I
other about thirty years ago i nd
from that early date they had always
enjoyed the intimate friendship and
confidence of one another., ]iyT* pcpe
of Mr. Flagler's constant, i -
to his business affairs ,i; 'i I .. i i. ,a
ment work and also took occasion to
speak of the fact that Mr. Flagler had
frequently entrusted him with much
of the charitable work of whicr he

St. A. i t ... I mz. -~",rii i rtit', r- . did a great deal, but c
et .n *' '* : public knows nothing or
c arL, i ..: ,..V.." l .. .. : ; The audience then join
brnonz t r.-. .*. t^ i T.).: I.'.r- i ..' Auld Lang Syne, being
r-s.on Fi :-l.r .*- ur -. ..i r 1. '. r<.- choirs and accompanied
park !, -r A.J ..'.. ",*- .~ it..,,, *, Children Strew FP
Tbh eel. t-',,', t'..'. .I .. f .. ,' Perhaps the most touch
o'clock s atr -- .-d .- I.;, rl: ". I-lc-'of the unveiling cere- mo
^^eas ^'i.t t-,rc in-..- t .l .-..i. fr. "closing feature when hui
su.,h r rn r-- 11 t I.- I little children from the
Lon- r .--i :L in" h .-.i r, : r -parochial schools march
tm on :B f.-.r- th. .'1.-tr .1 .r i n, r'T-s up to and around the
moni s 1-. r-,F i., -i t- --, ..- t, u R -. carrying and placing fli
wa % '-'r." l 3L, -d" t'l 11". 1 .i ,,... .'.. .- .' foot of the statue. T
w.r .t.ie k_ hiO.-Ct ti t seemed to appreciate the
*dreI"ci "--n i. -i. I .. j- ? r. ... 5. ... corded them in that pal
In to.l at 3 hi. ,,t. '"^r ,. the past ,: ';n.r. *:; f-'r t'., P little min
in t .r fr sr Ir- 1.1a ne grmony and the little nin
and n ,'n in1, r, ru',, .i j-i l.r: remember the event.
., h Ie P. very -choice floral piece
'thlr..[ Ch.. b thenor : pr,.r in .1- placed at the base of th
ditln ,-, r he n t- ,_i .- r. - .-,'dat.r' :., it c iTh unveil:eng cerem ony
A Aun r. *tin Io'- r.hTr.' r, hunr 't t.e ug t.ohis"-o out with promptness an
Sli-Aness. All preliminary det
w'o" ad n -e rn IIIoplis.ent. well cared for in adva
Palt. I I d Other n vi o. t et n 1.- -, 1..t. smoothness and success
S*-rt ir, oh.- littrle sle a Mion is due largely to
Sham, who was in charge
Ive h arrangements.
-he h],:,r,'" al .: :v p redret ....... _" ad he The Boy Scouts, under
F..- S Sr.i -r . : .. tion of Seout Master C.
tt- a r .-f.. i rl at .sia,:.r h- ." t i..-, dered excellent service
.s. s w f r.r u.s th e a n. F r I r 7 3L after oon an d k ep t th e o
an tr a c' b-ri n; t w laces assigned for the
d __, h. , .ni i,-.' o l Contiuned on Page

7 h an: .rjr-ror.r mu.. .r.-i1

S. .tr. ic. . fus and over watery characteristics and of the gentleness and
,,lbe ptrin,. andrl the wii.s I e g up new lands; sandy kindliness which distinguished him in life,
SM.we re e s d, r exio u i, e a t -o us m ell pave-I i. o - o i a. w a r r i a n i. .W . .. ...! I. S

*Vp'rao ins Wilw e am s r . i- n n. ..1 o: te .oi. make St. A, :er xamer a T e lia r is ,i . nd .ro.ti.nt-l i ar nh.
l i .n l ..'.. ,,, [, ; l w-velers of t- .. 1- -1 i d :pr- I r 'l pal l i'il. .-rl.- .n ,hd
p e e r .T he f t es al cl rl N or ,a tct -a.n e we ith ruTO g a ,a t - ten d r g r,. ,.f r t .'t u -th ,- -, 'e
so the tru t er, of tihe s'po w s tco.s. th ngs .distinct, . th i a r, r a t n,.-... _r it' n I thi c t .
man Vi,.e Pr d p,.:rst J. P. pop'i:. The .L see,-le tin "oyr w c in rd-o t it l a. ri nasn oe,. t r ,n' -iaL. t. 11 n
p o n d g d c id l e t a Mn Ft na e ,ell tS A s ine I M t r I. nl e r I f -- e r,: .se a. r .:.11. ., -
,,'*rat ,:,r . ,le Ts,;rit .:.t I,? tra- .. i., unal.,, ,ff<,r de', .,,. Into a nn:,re
i (,i sh,: iLaght' ,an patal In ete d ln t e d r.ig en ofV,: w a hd91d, fornd thur ]. lte ta s assigr, --,i i..: .h ho
Soened promptly at 3 him out- legacy from the past -- = en ,, ,, ,,,, .igr ,.-,.itne.- ipl:r.
t -ci a new grace and charm. i., an: r Ie ,_ ., F~ ir-,r n .n -. i- i.i I
th the appropriate selection, If oby their works ye shall know recent years has concerned it-. i' i,:,..
e Chief, by the Municipal band them," then the memory of this distin- with our civic improvement. i; ni'. ..'.r
atu" ir the i, fer', of C. G. Oldfather. guished citizen rust ever be coupled in be out of place to voice Ihf in, ."n
e of R o t our minds with the thought of his im- From his life we may leai i 1.i .,.n
"The Uvei g mense accomplishments. The spirit of of industry and service, and t. -.i
S s. u allowed the unveiling t of the creativeness breathed strong within him, should be brought more etiat.Ie o. u r little Miss Kathleen Maria .nd fhe had not only the faculty to con- the virtue of striving to mal'- r I. >..-
Sgranddaughter of Mayor J. E ceive but the power to execute great un- of grass grow where one .- ..r
S t.. granauger ayo dertakings. As long as this statue shall With this and the grace .:.f a i..:t:,
iii ,ra i.. also vice president of the stand those who behold it and contem- mutual understanding; v tl ,:,rn'i...r,
i,.,ord last Coast railway. The at- plates its surroundings will be impressed I Purpose and the willing ex...-:.- -h
'i j-.t, little child, at the signal, pulled by his public spirit, his enterprise and talents as God has given u- |
the Wonderful grasp of induAtrial possi- of this city what .our dI r. ,A ..:,J tr,.n
Sthe cords which released the magnificent abilities which were the marked elements hoped and planned that it ...... .--
American flag that had veiled the figure of his being. To him great gifts were the greatest resort city itr. V. ..,,
4nd. the magnificent bronze statue was given and hie used them well. The pos- Under the direction of i. i .. .
.. session of large means carries with it a ton a double male quart. t ,- r..:I
h.- w exposed to public view for tMe first weight of obligation to our fellow man, effectively that beautiful i, ri..:-,
S tie he and the wisdom of the way of this man Still With Thee. Thig I.... t ii'- -
Many were the subdued exclamations is revealed to us more and more as we ber was appropriate and -- I. i.. .
of approval as the form and features of gain the perspective of time. Not by by the singers most eff.. r, .
of knpp ov financierm dev pe and featur lavish gifts was his beneficence to be
the well known financier, developer and measured. for it was his plan to open the Mayor Ingraham's Addie-..
-philanthropist were seen and instantly door of opportunity and by the example To Mayor J. E. Ingral-.ii,. I..
recognized by all who knew Mr. Flagler of his own industry to point the way to the senior vice president .. i,,.I i ,..-
material success. ida East Coast railway .
in life. The statue- is a remarkably fine Truly he was Florida's great friend and one of Mir. Flagler's ac,-1= .,i -.-
piece of art. The features show clearly benefactor, and we are glad that this and associates during the I1 i.,-
the strong and forceful character of the spot was chosen for the placing of this years of great activity it. I ---. ii
man and he is depicted il a most natural memorial We believe it a particularly the distinction of deliver,,- it- i-n-
appropriate selection, for who can doubt cipal address of the ce,- ,..-_n.
pose, that of standing decidedly erect that Mr. Flagler loved St. Augustine. If Mr. Ingraham was w !! 1,, .
with his right hand partially inserted in the enduring evidence of what he did for the task assigned him, i.,.:.. ,
' his trousers pocket. Mr. Flagler had a it were not convincing, we need but to Mr. Flagler so intimatel I..:.11. ,it, I
know that at the close of a long and ceially and socially for sc .- '. .g -..
habit of placing his hand in one of his useful life hlie was brought here, to a and being so prominent, .1.1I" li.
pockets when in a pensive mood. place of his own choosing, and that he with Mr. Flagler's won i. I i .
The statue is mounted in a handsome lies now, at rest, within the walls of oping and constructive ei-, ... - -
about six feet over the mound in the own munificence to the glory and for which will linger long ir i,,. in,..,, "
center of Railway park. This with the I the worship of God and in loving memory of all who were ipresen ,. L- ,101 -,
aix-foot statue gives the monument an of one whom he held dear. noon.
elevation of about lifteen feet. Is not for me to speak of his personal I Mayor Ingraham did not att.ni, no .,
At present the monument is not
ir n i bl tilt ill soon

marked., but a sultUlu t aulet wVVil s uo
be prepared and inserted at the base.
Gen. Foster's Address.
The first address of the afternoon was
that delivered by Adj. Gen. J. Clifford R.
Foster. Gen. Foster spoke as chairman
of the chamber of commerce of St. Au-
His address while not lengthy revealed
to the thousands assembled the trui
wvortl of the great main in whose imemn-
U'--7y statue has been erected. The
vast audience gave undivided attention
to the address and Gen. Foster was gen-
erously applauded at its conclusion.
Gen. Foster's address was delivered as
I feel it a great privilege to have this
opportunity today to say a few words of
appreciation and in tribute to the man
whose form and feature's are revealed in
this splendid statue which has just been I
It has been erected by thl great trans-
portalion compIany of which he wus the
head, and it stands now, in all of Its,
symmetry and beauty, a hitting and aI
lasting tribute to the masterful enter-
pri.-e and achievements of the one who
duringg the entire history of our state did
more than any other to provide for its
growth and progress.
This is a solemn and impressive occas-
ion, and it has a special significance for
the people of St. Augustine, for it was I
to this city that Henry M. Flagler fir,t
came in Florida. It was here that he
conceived thai va.t plan of development,
the varied details of which perhaps no
other mind than his ever fully shar-edi.
A plan, however, which as unfolded with
the years pushed civilization to Lh !
southermost limits of this continent ind
reached out to span theli seas; ae plan
which was to convert the Ihalf of a
state from forest and wilderness into a
traveled way, dotlled with citie aim;
towns and giving homes and occupation.
10o thousands of happy and prosperous
Here he came, to this, the old-est. city in
Amcr-ica, dilslingliished lhen only for il.,
anttiqulty, Its quaintness aind by hs N 'ia,'e
terlstics peculiarly its own. ltespondin]
to the appeal of its natural bei aity and
charm, he waved the magic wand of his

if which l-e
little atout.
ed in -.; I;..-
led t 'he
by the band.
hing incident
ny w, ti '
ndreds *.." re
public and
ed in a line
statue,\ each
powers at. the,
'he clldren
: .i .- ac-
S," ,:ere-
ids will long
A number of
es were also
ie monument.
was carried
nd effective-
tails had been
ance and the
of the occa-
Mayor Ingra-
of the local
er .the direc-
C. Kent, ren-
during the
crowds in the
public and

e Seven.

ealk i~a







'St. Augustine, Janh. 2.-Following is ,the first of the all-steel bridges con-
the full text of the address of Mayor structed in the United States and the
J. E. Ingraham ht the unveiling of the first train over ti.-. .ii.i;.- to St. Au-
Flagler.:'.-,'-' ;al t i ,.. br.ie t-.'i .gustine was. on December 22, 1889.
_-adies- .. 1.1-,'. ):._-nw :,, Th.- T!e' Hotel Alcazar and the Casino
ials, <(, .r.i:. i .. i ,i- Flja System, were completed In 1'--
fellow citizens: i Mr. Fl:-.'.:1 bought the Ormond ho-
It is my high privilege I-.:.-i. =. tel at Ormond and enlarged it in 1888.
one of the senior officia-ls of t'! FI-: -- In September of 1888 the gauge of
ler Systen,. to talk to you .about our the Southern railroad systems was
deceased friend and chief; Mr. Henry changed from 5 feet to 4 feet 8 1-2
Morrison Flagler. This statue, given inches, or. standard gauge, the narrow,
to us by his wife, Mrs. Mary Lily or 3-foot gauge of many of the rail-
Flagler, which has justbeen unveiled roads of Florida being changed to
on this anniversary of his 86th birth- standard at the same time, and in the
day, will remind you of his lineaments spring of the season of 1889, after the
and enable, you. to. show your children opening, of the Jacksonville bridge,
and your grandchildren how he the first through Pullman train was
looked; this man who was our friend. I run from .New York to St. Augustine:
We accept Mrs. Flagler's .gift with this was .called the "Florida Special."
gratitude and will care for it loyally. On October 1, 1888, Mr. Flagler
Much of the development of Florida ibought'the "White road," 'from East
is due to Mr. Flagler's great genius. Palatka'to Daytona, the name of this
His work began October 10. 1885, when being the "St. Johns and Halifax Riv-
the 'construction of the Ponce de Leon er railway."
hotel at St. Augustine was commenced. In 1889 Mr. Flagler bought the rail-
The eastern half of this state has been roads known as the "St. Augustine and
developed and benefited by him, as Halifax River railroad," from St. Au-
well as two foreign lands, Cuba and gustine to Palatka, and from St. Au-
the Bahamas. gustine to Tocoi, known as the "St.
As there are many of you younger Johns Railway Company," and con-
men, particularly those who came into necfed them up with his, their roads.
the service of the Flagler System in In 1890 the beautiful Memorial
later years, who did not have the op- church in St. Augustine was dedicated
portunity of being with him at the on Pan Sunday, March 30.
beginning of his great career in Flor-
ida, I am going to give you a brief On May 16, 1892, work was begun
chronological history of the most im- on the railroad south of Daytona. This
portant events of his developments in was known.as the "Florida Coast and
this state: Gulf railway" at. that time. Train
On October 10. 1885, work was be- service was opened to New Smyrna on
gun on the Ponce de Leon hotel, and Novehiber 2, 1892.
it was opened for guests on January On July 18, 1892, Mr. Flagler bought
10, 1888. the "St. Johns and Indian River rail-
On December 31, 1885, Mr. Flagler road," running from a point near
bought what was known as the "Green Sanford to Titusville, and on June 21,
road," or the Jacksonville, St. Au- 1893, he bought the Atlantic and West-
gustine and Halifax River railway, ern railroad, from Blue Springs, on
fromn South Jacksonville to St. Augus- the St. Johns river, to New Smyrna.
tine, a narrow gauge.road. On October 6, 1892, the name of the
The Jacksonville bridge was begun railroad company was changed to the
I In the fall of '88. This was among "Jacksonville, St. Augustine and In-
dian River Railway Company."
On January 29, 1893, the road was
opened to Ft. Pierce, and on. April 2,
E 1894, it was opened to West PalmI
JE Beach, and to Palm Beach In 1895.
In April, 1893, work was begun on
the Royal Poinciana hotel at Palm
Beach, which was opened for guests
in the spring of 1894.
ITn 1893 land was bought and the
cits;*of West Palm Beach laid out and
-- opened for settlement.
In February, 1895, 1ri'. Flagler was
shown lemon and lime blossoms cut at
Buena, Vista, Miami and Cocoanut
Grove, Fla., shortly after the freeze,
and on realizing that there was a part
Sof the state, inaccessible almost at
that time, but unhurt by the freeze,
he concluded negotiations pending and
began, the construction of his railroad
south of West Panlm Beach. He also
N Began work on the Breakers hotel at
Palm Beach, and the Royal Palm ho-
tel at Miami, and the city of Miami
sas laid out and opened for devel-
Mr. Flagler -, taken a considerable
interest in the construction of the
canal from St. Augustine to Biscayne
bay by the Florida Coast Line Canal
& Transportation Company, and, he
furnished a large part of the money
that went into its construction, the
canal company aiding the construe-
tion of the railway company by the
I subscription of lands and the use of
their waterway for construction pur-
On September 13, 1895, the name of
the railroad was changed from the
Jacksonville, St. Augustine and Indian
River railway, to the Florida East
Coast railway.
On April 22,t1896, the first train ran
into Miami, and the city was incor-
porated ini, Jly, 1896.
In 1896 steamship lines were estab-
lished to Key WVest and Nassau from
Mrm. Flagler bought the Victoria ho-
tel at Nassau in 1897, and i n 1898 he
built the Colonial hotel there.
On September 29, 1900, M:Ir. Flagler
bought the Jacksonville and Atlantic
Contiuned on Page Seven.


i--- -- =




+ 1' 17 1 P 1 1 1 1 i w l s i n .
+ +
H MONDAY-Pan-Hellenic Association; Seminole hotel; 3:30 p. m. -
E+ Travel class; Woman's club; 3:30 p. m. .
TUESDAY-Art class; Woman's club;, 3:30 p. m. +
+ THURSDAY-Literature class; Woman's club; 3:30 p. m.
+; Travel class, Springfield Improvement Association; school- +
*- house; 8:30 p. m. +
New Springfield Woman's club; 3 p. m. +
+ FRIDAY-Study class, Ladies' Friday Musicale; Parochial hall; 2 p. +
+ mn. I +
+ Ladies' Friday Musicale meeting; Parochial hall; 3 p. m. +
%- Stars and Stripes Society, C. A. R.; 3 p. m. +
SATURDAY-Board meeting; Woman's club; 10:30 a. m. +


TUESDAY-West Riverside Mothers' club; 3 p. m. +
WEDNESDAY-Board of directors; Federation of Mothers' Clubs; 3 p. +
In. +
THURSDAY-Fairfield Improvement Association; Fairfield. hall; 3 p. m. +
+ FRIDAY-East Jacksonville Mothers' club; 3 p. m. +
-I :MMilldale KI[indergarten Mothers' club; 3 p. m. 4
.1. --- 4
4- --- '
4 CMONDAY-Girls' Friendly Society of St. John's church; chapel; 7:30 4
.. p. m. +
+ Woman's Missionary Society; First Baptist church; 3:30 +
p. m. + .
Sunbeam Band of Grace Baptist church; 3 p. m. +
St. Margaret's Guild; St. John's parish house; 3 p. m. 4
+I" Woman's Auxiliary of St. John's, church; 3 p. m. -
Woman's Auxiliary of St. Mary's church; 3 p. m.
**+ Woman's Auxiliary of Church of Good Shepherd;. 3 p. m. +
+ Woman's Guild of Church of Good Shepherd; 3 p. m. +
.. St. Andrew's Chapter, Daughters of the King; guild hall; +
4 7:30 p. m. +
\ Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of Snyder Memorial +
-+ church; church parlors; 3 p. m. 4
.. Ladies' Aid Society of First Presbyterian church; pastor's +
+4 study; 3 p. m. / -
.. .Working Band of First Presbyterian church; 4 p. m. .
+ Earnest Workers of East Jacksonville Presbyterian 4
4 church; 3 p. m. +
TUESDAY-Ladies' Aid Society of Twenty-first Street Baptist church; ,
4. 3 p. m. +
+- Philathea class of Twenty-first Street Baptist church; +
7:30 p. m. ,
+ Woman's Missionary Society of Main Street Baptist +
.+ church; 3 p.m. 4+
-?. Woman's Missionary Society of Grace Baptist church; 3 +
+ p. im. +
.1 Ladies' Aid Society of Woodlawn Baptist church; 3 p. m. 4
4. Ladies' Aid Society of Union Congregational church; +
4. church parlors; 3 p. m.,
+' i C. W. B. M. meeting; 3 p. m. +
.- St. John's Chapter, Daughters of the King; chapel; 3 p. m. +
+ Business meeting of Woman's Home and Foreign Mis- +
sionary Society of First Methodist church; 3 p. m. +.
+ Pastor's Aid Society; St. John's Lutheran church; 3:30 p. 4
S-. m. '
4 Woman's Home and Foreign Missionary Society of Riv- +
+ erside Park Methodist church; 3 p. m. 4+
+. Woman's Missionary Society of Springfield Methodist 4+
+ Episcopal church, South; 3 p. m. **
+ Young Woman's Missionary Society of Springfield Metho-'
+ dist church. .
+ Ladies' Aid Society of Springfield Presbyterian church; 3 +
+. p. m. 4
+ Ladies' Aid Society of East .Jacksonville Presbyterian 4
+.. church; 3 p., m. +
+ Woman's Missionary Society of Snyder Memorial M. E. +
+ church; church parlors; 3:30 p. m.
+ WEDNESDAY-St lohn's Guild; parish house; 3 p. m.
+ St. .T!i:' -_. Guild; guild hall; 3 p. m. -
+ Junior Auxiliary of St. -.-pnn .- ,:.trh: 3:30 p. m. +
+ THURSDAY-Sunbeam Band of Tr. rt,'.-flrrt Sr. :tr Baptist church; 4
+ 3 p. m.
.+ Ladies' Aid Society of St. John's English Lutheran church; +
S. + 3, p. m. 4.
+ St. Mary's branch of Girls' Friendly Society; guild hall; +
-+ 7:30 p. m. +
SFRIDAY-Philatheas and Baracas of First Baptist church; class 4
Rooms; 8 p. m. +
Standard Bearers of Snyder Memorial M. E. church; 3 p. 4

+ m. 4

Young (Women's Christian Association

Y. W. C. A. Classes. Woodlawn Missionary Society.
All who desire to take advantage of the The regular meeting of the Woman's
chorus work at the Y. W. C. A. are,asked Missionary Society of the Woodlawn
Baptist church will be held Thursday
to register as early as possible, phoning afternoon, beginning at 2 o'clock, In the
4708 for particulars or better, calling at church parlors.
the building at 130 West Monroe street.
Work is offered in academic as well as Woman's Missionary Society.
in domestic art classes, while there will The Woman's Missionary Society of
be eighteen classes weekly in the gym- Snyder Memorial 1. E.' church will hold
nasium. Languages, music, chorus, dress- its monthly meeting Tuesday afternoon
making, millinery, basketry are all popu- beginning at 3:30 o'clock in the church
lar because of their utilitarian value. parlors.
Any other class will be formed when six An interesting program is being ar
have registered for the same. Anyone ran ged fore the afternoon and all mem-
securing five pupils for any class may bers are urged to be present.
have their own tuition free.
The rates are low, barely covering ex-, Ladies' Aid Society.
penses, but special arrangement will beLadies Aid Society.
made for anyone who cannot afford the The Ladies' Aid Society of the First
rates offered. Presbyterian church will meet In the
The Y. W. C. A. and Philathea chorus, church parlors this afternoon, be-
under the direction of Lyman P. Prior, ginning at 3 o'clock.
will hold its first meeting after the holl- All members are urged to be present.'
days on Monday, January 3, beginning
promptly at 8 p. m. All members are Working Band.
urged to be prompt. The Working Band of the First Pres-
byterian church will hold its regular
Committee Meetings. monthly meeting this afternoon at 3
Monday, January 3, 10 a. m., employ- o'clock in the church parlors.
ment, Mrs. G. W. Parkhill, chairman; All members are urged to be present,
4 p. m.. religious, Mrs. A. M. Dixon, ----
chairman. Aid Society of Woodlawn Church.
Tuesday, January 4, 10 a. m., member- The Ladies' Aid Society of the Wood-
ship, Mrs. C. R. Towers, chairman; lawn Baptist church will hold its regu-
4 p. m., education, Mrs. P. P. Arnold, lar meeting Tuesday afternoon, begin-
chairman. ning at 2:30 o'clock, at the home of Mrs.
Wednesday, January 5. 10 a. n, fl- Tompkins, Woodlawn avenue, and all
nance, Mrs. W. B. Young, chairman; 4 members are requested to be present.
p. m., publicity, Mrs. J. Y. Wilson,
chairman.hian Class.
Thursday, January 6, 11 a. m., social, The Adelphian cla ss
Mrs. C. T. Paxon, chairman. The Adelphian class of the Main Street
Friday, January 7, 10 a. m., executive, Baptist church meets In the classroom
every Sunday morning at 9:1p o'clock.
Tuesday, January 11, board of directors. irs. H-. M. Wilson, teacher.
All young women not i-srmbers of any
after A class are cordially invited. Visitors al-
Cafeteria at Y. W. C.A. ways welcome.
On account of the New Year's recep-
tion the regular Saturday cafeteria lunch Junior Philatheas First Baptist
at the Y. W. C. A. between 12 and 1:3 hurch
p. m. will be served in the n','iriC. rch.
entrance to the left of the ,i,- n .'- I The Junior Phllathea class of the First
trance. Baptist church Sun'day school meets ev-
The menu will be less .in the choice cry Sunday morning at 9:8G30. Girls from
of dishes but quite up to the usual good 15 to 19 years, not in Sunday school, arf
standard in quality, cordially invited to attend.

Y. W. C. A. Jubilee Committee.
The educational committee, of which
Mrs. P. P. Arnold is chairman, will
meet tomorrow at 4 p. m. at the
Y. W. C. A. At this time plans
will be discussed for the jubilee cele-
bration in February and all representa-
lives from the mothers' clubs are asked
to be present as well as those in charge
of the different classes.

President t.

Adelphian teeUng.
The Adelphian class of the Main Street
Baptist church has Its regular buslnest
and aoclal meeting every Friday night
In the classrooms at t o'clock, to which
alt members are Invited to attend. Vist-
tors cordially invited.

Springfeid Aid Society. I
The Ladies' Aid Society of the Spring- St. Mary's Auxiliary.
field Presbyterian church will hold its! The regular meeting of St. Mary's
regular meeting in the church parlors Auxiliary will be held in the Guild
Tuesday afternoon, beginning at 3 hall this afternoon at 3:30 o'clock.
o'clock. ----
All women of the church are invited to Earnest Workers.
attend. The Earnest Wotorkers of the East
St. John's Guild. acksonville Presbyterian church will
St. John's Guild. meet with Mrs. N. I. Banes, corner
St. John's Guild will hold Its regular Florida avenue and Church street, at
meeting Wednesday afternoon, beginning 13 o'clock this afternoon.
at 2 o'clock, in th i.-t;.I. house. i A large attendance of members is de-
All members are .' i urged to sired as election of officers will be held
attend. at this time..

or Debutantes .7 day's Menu


!%i_ s;Z i-;LYNN.

I'- t..' io c-r-ia. L--- ,I --l.. iftc ,C e i,6 r:
En .t.:hz .

-, zt-_'' 1-

Girls' Friendly Society. national Aid Society.
T r. -,r | F i ,,-th ". ? ,:,,: i ti ,' L.' S t 'b i. tL1 _ti o f, tb L ,i ,.. "
J., ,- ,ir,' v. ii l in .-.r i h 'he r- 'h I' -tf til iU iion C r er-- II
., ,, n 1... ir, n ,g ; .0 I b held Tu.i.da i, ft'r',.,n.
Sunbc.e'_ Ban d. P. att .: .'.la.:k, id tl.: Slcuret

&It.*'i l r om r ,3_-b? *h r. -i -1i-a 111" u.'..I

Baptist Mii.inuaiy Soci.ty. i
, ,,,-i,,n- : ',. S John's Chapter.
Th re.,.,,, ur m e,. ti. g ..[ ill. It-h PS ftn .at S J. h .'i ,at ..c-r. D .:i,.t .. mee Toe -
Ba d t L l. M .IhG c Bft rr.h-,c.:.n. K i ll i ....1. rei -..il r ant 3-:30 '. To r.l -
Sin l, ,r ,l, t :l.::k ,a eS a I t rn.:..:.r,, ,,- nin r . I.
1,, .'h. | r._,rl..r. r,.. -i ,. p .1 Il z
.1I,, rr ,- r, cr'> r i 5.L = l i n *A r. M u lltt -,. (,t i ." r n. '? ,11 r ,:r ,ii' !-
p I i a.:. U ,P. ,j r.:. i.e rr -.rnU.
3 o'clock, i h p
Sinea BaPastoi's Aid Society.
Sunbeam Band. The Pastor's Aid Society of St. John's
The regular meeting of the WSunbeam Eni s lih L., r. ran church will meet Tues-
Band of the Grace Baptist church will d.y t ,- r.:.,. pr beginning at 3:30 .o'clock,
be held this afternoon, beginning at! in the pastor's study.
3 o'clock, in the church parlors.
SRiverside Missionary Society.
Woman's Guild, The Woman's Missionary Society of the
The weekly meeting of the Woman's IRi rshi.: Pire. i.fethodist church will
Guild of the Church of the Good Shep- .1..t[ r. t..: ..h,,,.1I., parlors Tuesday aft-
herd will be held this afternoon, be- ernoor, L.1.. the, r at 3 o'clock.
-' _------ ] ly invited.' .
Aginningll I3 o'clock, in the gurld hall, lyA e l ma u ar
Baptist Aid Society. -
The Ladies' Aid Society of t,-, Twenty- South Jacksonville Aid Society.
first Street Baptist church -.,!! meet in The Ladies' Aid Society of the South
the church parlors Tuesday afternoon, Jacksonville Pi. :-.., t. !,- church will
beginning at 3 o'clock, hold itsregular n,..-,,thi business 'meet-
All members of the society are urged iE! M..nf.,' df-:) -,:.-'.
to be present and all women of the All in..,n,-r: i',,d Nl. ,,' friends are cor-
church are cordially invited. dially invited to be present.

qood things to a

A Baked Fish Pudding.
Take a pound of fresh haddock, re-
move skin and bone' and break into
small pieces. Add to it four ounces of
stale bread crumbs, two ounces, .-
finely chopped suet, a little finely
chopped parsley, a pinch of mixed
herbs and plenty of i:-i.hic. Mix
well together. Add an ,:-.g .-aten .up
with a little milk-and milk only.
Turn into a pastry lined flat tin, cov-
er with pastry and bake in a hot oven
for half an hour to cook the pastry.
Then finish cooking in a cooler part
of the oven. Turn out, cut into squares,
garnish with parsley and serve with
an anchovy sauce.

dients. Moisten with the milk to form
a p-1st.- H-at iae remainder of' the
iuik, ;.'i i n I h- paste- "a d !-i i.,,l
iiri ii. 1 ,. i'ri Add flavor, then cool,
",,:.'il;ri_ from time to time as it .ools.

Asparagus Tips Salad.
Takle twelve tender asparagus tips,
one firm tomato, one pimento, one
-iSad I. tij.-'.-. on individual plates. Cut
the tomato into four rings and slip
a bundle of the cooked asparagus
through each ring, place on letuce and
sprinkle bits of finely chopped pimen-
to over the whole. Serve with French
l dressing.

----' ]Meat Rolls.
Excellent Family Meat Dish.
Make one-half pound of suet cru.,t.
MIake twelve ounces of suet crust Roll it out fairly thin to a long strip
and roll out thinly. Cut into rounds and spread with the mixture given be-
the size of a small casserole. Cut Into low. Wet the edges well. Roll up,
small pieces a pound and a half (or fasten the edges securely, tie up in a
less) of beefsteak, first beating in out we.l floured cloth and boil for two
well. Slice up three good sized onions, hours. Serve with a brown gravy.
six potatoes, place a layer of meatFor the meat mixtui UcutaVthick
in casserole, then ofonionsand pota- For the meat mixture cut a thick
toes, and season well. Add a little lice off the thick end of a leg of
water-about a gill. Place on the to rmutton, or buy this already cut-about
around of the c ust and repeat this a pound a a half. Pass this through
untte eathesused up. A round of the mincer. Add a teaspoonful pars-
crust must come on t; '-op. Th- -te l (finely chopped), a half teaspoon-
I of water is sufficient fo rthe h-i t l mixed herbs, a small, finely minced
dish. Set over the fire, bring to the onion, three ounces of bread crumbs,
boll and allow to slniiii.- icerti:.' I `. -."iaonh- and bind together with a
boll and allow to sinr r,. fr IIItI melted butter, making it suffic-
a splendid winter dish Th. iently soft to-spread as. directed.

Chocolate Sauce. Nut Croquettes.
Take one cupful of milk, two table- Put one cupful of chopped roasted
spoonfuls of grated chocolate, -hrec pahutlas illu a bowl, add two c-upfuls
tablespoonfuls of sugar, one teaspoon- .-.f' ra:-h.d. potatoes, a quarter of a
ful of cornstarch and one trai-',.'..nfiul t i,- ,:,.,nrtil of grated.nutmeg, half a
of vanilla. Combine all the d. ingr,.- iea.p.:oniul of white pepper, one tea-
.-.____ _u L ,':'i .lt salt, one teaspoonful of
SJ:,r...n juice, one tablespoonful of
Springfield Society. i-,t.io..,J parsley and one large beaten
The Woman's Missionary Society of '-'-
Springfield M. E. church will hold the .il and form into meat croquettes.
first business meeting of the nev.' y.-i, Dip tllhci in flour, then brush over
next Tuesday afternoon at 3 o'cl,.'t -" itn n' I.ten egg, roll in fine bread
in the church. A large attendant is .r iijh. .-.r crushed vermicelli and fry
urged,. n r.-'nt.. of smoking hot fat.

Federated Clubs of Jacksoniille

Travel Class of Womaan's Club.
- BREAKFAST Th,. Tr... i- ci l: v- ...m, r,': ,lub.

S----, .. i--. ,.- ---..- ..i I.., .-
,; LUN'HtE'l --N a !,lo .:w ,
Fruit nuav 3.
4-Frt 'r d ri t *-rJ a n ua. ty 3.
F ,lllr-itrr, t ,I ,i_' .-- ,,',
E E d i : P t !- ,.- .. ,. r,, ,a ,,-

S,, n r, P-.P r ,. -. I i "i-.. --A t i.:c s .:, l ,: i- ..i S. i.:
Ss- N.:,'t .r I.. _-- ,r,'r--rh in ,,: u t ,. Ir,,:' ,

*'. N, "r m ftr i b a ft' rii .. r, '.1 l b e a. f .'i-
+ 2.

N N -. L, ,.i.,:r-- r . January 4.-::
+ .'.,i .ll:
+ S?., .- ...a r.! ".-.nl ate ... A rt Class.
+ :r.:. r,.-..J ,, "* M %; Am -,._ % L,.:l;e? ;-; ch i,,nm ai ,':,f
"I- -r,.p B,:;i 3a!a.'1 . 1, t i t Clas.I:-it lwaV of t',. Vc.n"aIn' .:Il-Ir.
,+ F r,=n,: 2, 1r ,, -h: rI ,ii .r] ah,.-r, ll ni ,:.t Taiei.rta ,' ait,: oor jt
-+- 'O'Ia 1--1 i, T- 1,01 l K r Calke 0 "* l ,l,'' nI': "i the ,hJtbr, ous, The p''m -

-. + I,-.-.-.-
S ,---"-!-:"!:^-!-F++!H :'' -I-++.- +++'-:"'!.!-!," I Ja nu a ry 4.

O. C. J. U. Notes

State pre-;..-ieit, Mi'ss Minnie E. Neal,
27 E's --lt Bay street.
City fed.rati.r. 0pre--'-r,: :r.:. W A.
Bate', Ii West Churbh lire.t.: Home
phone M--;Sl.
Sul :rirtei nd.'rit i" ,.- ,i:-:.-..rr :fl rt d.-
partmi.in't, Mr'. Lyvil,, B. Hunter, 1.'
'll: ifp .'tre-tI; H-i...e .phone M -2.12

Next re.,ilar ftl-eratlon i..3or meetlnz
.11l ie helii Januar ,; 1 li ..

Springfleld urni"n. president. Mrs. A.
C. Th',.np-''r,, 2214 Laura ,trcet, mret,
thel third' Tliur dy i r eachli monTh at
tre h'omvn i o one .:..'f the member.
Jacknnrville unic.n rr's .1.nt. Mrs. Mary
A. Adkin.,.n. \V-Wst El,,.enth street.
meet. at 11 We.t Beav-vr sr r-t the first
and third Thur'.lays of eacih month
Elxeeultiv. hLiir inteeta Lile ;airtli Mon-
day of ea:l, nmrnth.
Riverside unI.:.n, pr cli:lent, Mr Jen-
fnie C. Farrfll, 'I. ; .1iy tree.t, retss the
lirst Thursday of fach month.
Fairfleld and East Jaclsonvulle un-
lon, president, Mrs. W. H. Fox, 1127
East Duval ztre :, me,-ts the fourth
Friday or' acuh mo-nth.

Mothers' Clubs

Executive Board lMeeting.
TF h.:tt r. -, ,l r_,_ the l d._-rs tio
'. l- oII:.i--, 'lu otAiir i lf l -, Vi J'.: > n:':
AI m mrnber tr- :- rt.n'lii.:- td t.. j -1 p -., .:,ri
ir. ,h,:- ab,'i.i,: r f the rr n- tntr I .' thi-
S!ubs, they ni :' i:, repr i, Lt.-d h. ti.ir
. prr-id.j.,nt- in ordir

West Riverside Mothers' Club.
T .- nh.:r -t hi;. n,' ,:,: .z .,' tr.. M .:.r: ... '
. iur,. d.t' -'e rt -h v-r, .-ie :. li,:-.:i. v.ill
i- ,l,. T'Cu- ,-,si ;.' a "t.e ,rr..n. r.,i. irnir',ii sr

A. i tr er.:irw l ,e- rc,,ir.nrai Ill r.I rin--
j- r-d.j arid ali LT,,r irrrs ar- iJrge-d tO aL-

West Splingfield Mothers' Club.
Ti.- V,\' -r ..S .rii'rn fil;.d AM. lh-rs' club va. il
11.:.l. it mon'ihly rr a. tiring Thurs.d-:, aftl.r-
n.oii. bre-,nning at I o',:lock in the i eno,:.l-
h Oi .'e.,
Al runi iE.-r, are uiCid tO be p.et-'nt Saa
t -. Imo' o tm.T rtg n II be- klictla.:.d
-- a- *i e. An airai.'..ve "l'c i r"A-
t,'ir art E ,ite-id.

I Kindergarten Clubs

East Jacksonville Mothers' Club.

i l,., J -: l -,n l.= r,-'in,,r li':-.l, l i r :, L.j
i t : I r '-iJ I r Ttr . :.i r l I i n r, j 1i ,.
.-A1n i t i .1 ,: t , i r: rT, r.^-itii; i r r .r.^ ,
r, :. th.I L r .j .rT .,,. in.a a ll r.I ...L-er= a r. -
ure 'i tl" l.,- a- -r .

East Jacksonville Kindergarten
Mothers' Club.
T I .: i a r i in .: t n : I Il.- M ,rl.-.:
club of tne East Jacksonvlle Kinder-
garten will be held Friday afternoon, be-
ginning at 3 o'clock, in the kindergarten.
An interesting program is being ar-
ranged for the afternoon and all moth-
ers are urged to be present.

Fairfield Kindergarten Mothers'
The Fairfield Kindergarten 1Mothers'
club will hold its regular monthly meet-
ing Wednesday afternoon, beginning at 3
o'clock, in Fairfield hall.
All mothers are requested to attend
as matters of importance 'will be dis-

Lackawanna Kindergarten. Mothers'
The La-ckawanna Kindergarten Mothers'
club will hold its monthly meeting Fri-
day afternoon, beginning at 2:30 o'clock,
in the kindergarden.
All mothers are requested to be present.

United daughterss

of Confederacy

Crosses of Honor.
It Is the request of Mrs. J. b, Bessent,
president of Martha Reid Chapter, No.
19, United Daughters of the Confeder-
acy, that all veterans or descendants of
veterans who are eligible to receive Con-
federate crosses of honor may get blanle
application papers from the custodian,
Mrs, M. E. Drew, 1131 East Church street
The next bestowal. of crosses of honor
will tak.; rpla-.. on January 19, the birth-
day of Gv.n. R. E. Lee.

Miscellaneous I

I t. :.r aill'.l Art of Sp0 irn
-P.:,II i.' ill-- ,."uiT,'.: ,tm.ihe.:. ,:.us E v.:nt'
P.,p?, --Inr l n- .: I tipq Htst[ r ',
Fro n ,il i t-i .l Ar
T h, M .:-l. urr. nt .:.L :I .;..:.rizi, A rL.

Brentwood Association.
Ti: Er.:rt-".-'.o S.' i.h-.ol mrrpro'.vemenr
A. '.:iiit,, -i\ a i lir, ,it: regular mor n-I','
nm ,:,-rit,. .:n V 1 ,r.--.in,.' at : .,.:-:10,:1.*
i th.- ,: n .....I b.u ,il.ilr
A ll en.: rio .. ar,- ii c., i.. art.itl'].
tlh :1.- i. iri.-...r rnti r.u, .,l: r. attH r.J r.,

Maganolin Grove.
P- ulali nm-r ti, f= ,,* Mlignol.a -r: v N.,
1, 'n ":' n.3 _.'r. ,'r le.| v.. l t l. ,i tr.- ev r?-,-
Ir i ',I':-n.:.riia liali. .'rr., r M a.n arn.1
u rFa ge 8 .tr .t r pr.-ri jt ,-, .: ]:.1.:k
t n.a r.: '. ,ll r1 1 .:- a ii]i, t c f. r in % ta[l|,:,n.
ari,j I Il r r t tt i i .j3 ,-11: I- ,-J :i red.
i\' i tn' .".' r. ire, o n alv a-'.' '.'% ,:l
Mrs. Hendricks Hostess.
Th N .ti.ial C.:..?1.:t,. i trnt .j ] rri.
Drau.jt-rt 3 :iof l-1' for Sta.t.- r',f Fl-r,.ja
11 ,ll tr-' t at lhe hi r.m -.: of tIm.- st ir;
tr,:iM,,r..,, M r T. T F. HI r..rl.:k-, 617 Ealt
Ad.- n tii'-_ t. Tiji.-si a:. .aft.rnrii...n ,- .
AJ -.*'l,.'-.-: 'l ii Turn Di'.ughliter ir, thi
,:,t are min t.d ret atte-rid. ,M.mrers r
rged t Yo T ,e r-ernt.

Southside Chapter, No. 28, 0. E. S.
The- Sutlh:-'.J.- Ch 1pt. :' N, -.. Ord,-' ,.'
Ir.: Ea.. te-rn S t a ill h ,:,ldi t.- 1'g. r .
mei'e-ting Thi'"'Ia.' -,-in. be,;clnrirg ai
7'W ..* Io, I in M a -:r.,l, hall. .:. tlh Ja,:l.
.Or'tilll-. A ll nmi., rn .-, ar.:. r ? illyy r.-
qir_- r,-f t,. h, rn re-.,- t
Mi Ali:- HHa.- kill, of Palistka tl- a'-
sociat' ran'l rnnri"-?r,. v Ill ni-lt .t. i ', tii,
,hin ,tl ar t[i, tm ,:. T ..-. i. ill b .
ili l .t i i an 1 ,.,t ,-r ork ofr t .:.rd.: r.
\';;Itm E nvir Ti '. i 1 ,Q e ,,|-i.:t ;- i e-|,-rn .-

,Daughters of

American Revolution

Katherine Livingston Chapter.
Th r. J.i ,iorii i,'n ror,-. .:.[ bt .ir i- rl.r ine
L_ tr F t.n. *lit n T r .A P.. illl b? h, l.J
TiJ;dgs" af'trnioon. Jnu',v. 11. at tLhe
li:,!m .f Mrm. HovII w\- Di,;t:r, nr.
P.I r-ti.r1
.'An ihit.r.'tiv -t i Cogramv will eI r-nh.:-ri:a.
r[ .'ui r I I l aIa8 r a t t h e c lo -.nl r .- "
v. t! .I p.'.n'rf .t .I. ahd a ll .11 m n lm i. w1
tlu.s',d t,:, jttr,,.i.


ID- aughtersmomAr'- 1



Piamce'a Favosite PreI wfi.aII

Queen Mary's Chapter.
A mni.-2 tin, .:.[ Qi.- n Mary'. r chiI.r.=Ti
d i, 1 i at Tie re _il.-n.-- ,:,f M r;.
V r'r 1 6 i '.:.-r .- --rFl l'.r Htr.r6.- tr,- r. ,: ,
a .n1n -, ,_,A..:,n10 PO
S_____ nervous 'and weal'
A BY-PRODUCT OF WAR. I 'could not do m'
,,. ,.uiis th N r i h. i.t ldbwork. Wasto
i.,, i-,. t, I'- rauiaai,.ri. if N. ':.'i., !nn' i '' J I a friend about.,Dr.
r,:, i:,tana~ MI, .:./ t, ,." ...l.. ..nv rle iLl-t- Piere 's Fa ri
,. = ih ii ,,r.:...:- -- .-?, ith till- P rescription ni d t
i-',t,-,,, \ r.rn:.-rn-r, :.i:,t.h n.- iri h.-y ti- sent, and got, a bottle. could tcll
; .: :-. .- tii. ni.t ,.:.,,.t ar..i that, it had helped me. I took fi6 e
L... ..1i the at1. n- o p.atr.i- bottles in all and can say that it halt
.in t.:, ina..: tih.: -uii -r ,:ri.: o i I cured me. I can do my work. It. is a
r,.,ILf i,.- .-,rn .' I .I -',,., th-.; "- 1 ,pleasure to me to be well, and I would
..r ,l:1 d. .... ., 3 -.,." a- advise all mothers to take Dr. Pierce's
,nr, I ,. I. h .- i '- i i r..:r. fi.ii, i. j-i. d Favorite Prescrnption. I always tell the
il I,-'..'"- .t unin. \ good news to all "-Mr.s. SALLIE StUrfH,
ii i-n ; i' I i t. -L-*. f .i 145 St. Francis St.., Tall .hassee, Fla.
: ti,.: u ..r, .:i i r.:. .-. N.:'.i.:.uh.-l- There is nothing that. will bring com-
ian- ,,t '. t.. : t,:. Li v. .- fort. and renew hope to the invalid so
h, .. u,. s rer I y e as good news b en he vi tal
,.-.nii-.. S,- t. .'v i-.-" : -,.-t '. th- i forces are at. lorw ebb and everryt.hing
..t N.. f.-.iiii iii :e i.t iih.r', i seems useless a ray of joy and assurance
..:.Ir i,r .:.,I. I will efimulate the weary body. A letter
,. i.h h .. i vi .i':-.- ,: .,.,::.pt:.I.'- :" ti I from a loved one has turned the tide in
S,, , i 111 nt -..,i- many a siege of sickness.
,ti.-: r..-', ,:,.:l it ,, .'.r Doctor Pierce, of the Invalids' Hotel,
,'7..iLr v t ,-i. t -. ` ..X .,--..t.'.ii. of Sir Buffalo, N. Y., has good news for every
J.,1ii ._D,.,r, i I .-r, i..,r,,hiil.r ..," C rin suffering woman. Write him to-day and
-.,,n .:l,.i, ii.r .n t. .n,:tell hm your troubles, and he will send
i, T ,,,,,. '. r t-..' you just, the right. advice to restore you'
S..aht' u.,,i i.r. I ,."r.ia.:r-. ., tr,,. o health and bring back the roses to
l;.. i.--r i,,.at at t-'.: i,'' your checks, and without charge. Hisi
T ,:,-..i.- t, u.: in .: .:,.I...n, i- 'Favorite Prescription" has been the
tI.., tl .:.i':,.ii ,l, ,'-: iii rn,..': t, iii.' rescue of thousands of suffering women.
t,.:t, ,.,i.t il iir I,-. Ti. B.,r.ie l Many grateful patients have taken Dr.
.- :.' ,r,,,.r,. .- ,i.:. ,i i ,r th- ut i- Pierce's advice.
,J..I I.Ki.ll. 1i,. ".T II I1 ... r .: a.. _______,__ _.
.,rt t.-, I. ui ,..,. ,T .... ,r,i.-d.:., i t,-,n b. Send three dimes (or stamps) for mail.
tihhi. l irn:,. I'-,. r ',i,, r, Ti:- .r i ingcharg-. to Dr. Pierce's Invalids' Hot.l,
rIh. ,-l,. ih' r..... il, nlJt Buffalo, N. Y., and you will receive a
a-rh th.- p sr "'- the :e.r --Ct-eve~anu ropy of the "Common Sense Medical
,I .ii .i-,, r Adviser," all charges prepaid.

I :

Unity Class.
Unity class of practical Christianity
will meet Thursday at 3 o'clock at
the home of Mrs. M. A. Spiller, 1712 Main
street. All .students of divine law are
Po'Aially Invited.

Board of Directors.
The -regular monthly meeting of the
board of directors of the Home for the
,A.,ed will be held In the home, corner
4 ILaura and Eighth r'-treets, in Spring-
aeld, Thursday morning, beginning at
10 o'clock.
All members are urged to be present.

Jewish Women's Leagu.e.
The regular meeting of the Jewish'
Women's League will be held Tuesday
at 3:30 o'clock in the vestry room of
the temple.

Jacksonville Chapter 0. E. S.
The regular meeting of the Jackson-
ville Chapter, No. 15, Order of the Eastern
Star, will be held Tuesday evening, be-
ginning at 7:30 o'clock on the sixth floor
of Masonic temple, corner of Monroe
and Main streets.
All members are urged to be present,
and visitors are cordially invited.







407 AND 413 MAIN ST.

Call Bell Telephone 423

i..iart Gamble. A. M. Dison. C. T. Stfewart. H. W. tetari


4I -., Anio M1-1345. --ILL-PHONES--- Bell S.1. Auto M,-.in't
II ..n p,.nnn L1. Factor. Kln-r A nur.


I~s Rb ~s~P~-"


1 0 1 INEIMMI-r I-



- .-1

T A l m..ah r- T i.: ',. i i l
L,:.,.:r--Ji- F -i.:.1 B N...bl.

January 6.

I'r -,,c--Tr, l._.. |' . a 5n, Tnlc .:. Fcirt.as
R..ural Tab:--
SlIt '.- Lr-i. t- I ll'', r
^li'ti". jri G- il -;',rlh'..
H .:.". i'- i,.: i ,ii '.i?
L'-adit--Mrl. E.Mlrirn H'r, y Lnn;

Travel Class of Spiingfield.
Ti,.- Trj'.'L '.-l -s p rh .p- ii,.l..Id I, I-
proverrn~i.-t A' ,-?..ationr ll r.-l- an In-
t,:r.:,tn' nii ,.-: liri Tri-iiir's'i.,' 5.a tp rra .-.n In
ti -r. ri ,i l.- I .;i .lh.:,. e l._iron,n; it

Mi? Hlr '.-ll ; :ii i ,rni'-n of the ,:la .
ar r.h. -n nt il :, 'tt 'rj ,'., l. t ir;n lr 3s
M r; r -1 F. Yc.'ndr *..I11 .l i,- a ..:tur.a i
,,, Y.,lloi :t.:.ne F'Park
Th.- at'E.rn.-.an's r.ro.cramrn ill -,e as fol.
Si nje.p-t-T ',: Yl-:l,,:. tone NaLion'l
Pc r l-
f..lI C ll- -.:riarknhl.' F. atjr.-,: ..' tila

Hi t,.:,. of thr- F,:.rmation of Thi, R.:-
Through the Grand Canion ol' Ali-
IH ,it,:.r:. of ithe Canyc-i

Opera Study Class.
T -.
T ii.? r'Fi i. liIl" (C;I '." ,.:f tlii- L'.L s*'
Fr.Jl:' .1 [, l, :.il- '. i .,t 'rlay att i -
n(,:..n at ,',O,:: irn P-,,r chisai all.
3!r.-. R' .Vi ..na c ri.i "-: I, le'-,i.- r for
th1 _ft.i.-n.:-.,r,a 'mn.! thl jrJJpe t vill D< thea
op.ra. ,Dcr Fr.:-i.Utk 'e iVon Wehert.

Weekly Meeting.
Thie :..l.I.' i- .-tiii of the Laii:.s"' Fri-
.i M uI ,:' l. Ill h e.. l.i .;n P arochal
Dail b-Einiilr,;g :t 3 o'clock Friday aft-
. rnt.:.n.
Mrs. Ja H. Durk.'e, president, will
rp r,'- sil tne hi,?.-tirin ana th,': usual
rit.ui rr ,lh.u in,- : ".vill r,,:- lisposeri of.
Mi.rs Miary Fleming 13 In charge of the
aftrini.,oon- ri pro-r ra.i, r.ind se\,:ral arliatle
nur,.t.-r: :r r.: l:.ing Arranped.

Fairfield Improvement Association.
The January rn.-,:tninr o the FairflelI
Imnroiv'ment A.sr.:iition will be helrl
Thurslav aft.rroin, beginnlIg at 3
i: cl.'.Ck. n Falrf,-l.d hall
Literature Class.
Tli,- Ir.gra rn; )of the_ LiteratorE ,:lass
luil.uil (Ir C',r inlt month Wii tbe coni-
nined rand riven .-.n January 2,i, no
meeting r.eing held on January 6. as
rnotLd n til m,'ear book
Tr, .,,sh.net will be Bernard Sha%,
anl ih. aftern,.'n's program for the
January .i'r, etinr will be as fIllow .:.
S'h.TC. Gc'org- Br-rnsrd i 1'5 i
S'.et :i. B;ograpl-y of Shaw.
ia- in-ix'z Debt to Ibsen.
,r.: Sh.iw and alsworthy
,.: Shaa.' as England's Critie.
?rit,-:al t'tu''. of iShaw's Per.arc'aliity.
,a. HT.:7. fernou' Is Shaw?
r. .':.nti-mporary Op';nlonm. '
H.:.u nl rnble:
','.. II-rn o.f Sn ws .
Trlree pla:. -ttre perriod?
ris.,:- u mi. r.
Lea-ier, Mrs J.ohn W. iMrGriff. *





Continued from Page Six.

away fromom reserved sections and ap-
On the whole, the affair this after-
noon was of such a character as
would have pleased the great builder
and developer in whose honor and re-
spect the event was planned and so
successfully concluded.
Souvenir Program.
The beautiful souvenir program of
the occasion was worded as follows:
Unveiling of status of Mr. Henry
Morrison Flt-gler,. Railway Park, St.
Augustine, January Second, Nineteen
Sixteen, 3 p. m.

Abide With Me.
Abide with me; fast falls the eventide;
.The darkness deepens; Lord, with
me abide;
When, other helpers fail, and'comforts
Help of the helpless, oh, abide with
Swift to its close ebbs out life's little
Earth's joys .grow dim, its glories
pass away,
Change and decay in all around I see,
0, Thou Who changes not,' abide
with me.
Hold Thou Thy crossbefore my clos-

Program. ing eyes;
Hail the Chief, Municipal band. Shine through the gloom, as
Unveiling of statue, little Miss eaen's morning breaks, an
Kathleen Maria Gibbs.
Address, by General J. C. R. Foster, vain shadows 'flee;
chairman chamber-of commerce. In life, in death, Lord, ab
Still, Still With Thee, double male me
Address, by Mr. J. E. Ingraham, Auld Lazig Syne.
mayor of St. Auigustine and vice presi- Should auld acquaintance be
dent Florida East Coast Railway 'And never brought to mind
Company. should auld acquaintance be
Abide With Me, city choirs, accom- And days of auld lang syne.
paniedl by band. .
Address, by Mr. J. T. Dismukes CIHORUS.
Auld Lang Syne, sung by audience, '
....-t.i rai. .1 by band. For auld lang syne, my dear,.
Via ic_--.or flowers at foot of statue, "For auld lang syne,.
by school children. We'll take a cup of kindness :
At Rest, Municipal band. For 'auld lang syne.'

nd point
d earth's
ide with



Mayor J. E. Ingraham Speaking



Continued from Page Six.

railroad, and It was extended to May- service to Okeechobee, Fla. on Jan-j-
port. ary 4, 1915.
T 1903 work en on the line to Oh January 6, 1915, the ferry ser.-
n 1903 work begun on the line to ice between Key West and Havarn.
Homestead, and the railroad' opened was inaugurated by the steamer Hen,-
for traffic orn June 11, 1904. ry Morrison Flagler.
The extension to Key. Largo of the In 1890 the population of the East
Key West extension was begun in Coast of Florida, Jacksonville to Key
January, 1904, and completed in 1905. West inclusive, was 70,000. In 1915 it
Completed to Knights Key and opened was 220,000,
for traffic on January 2, 1908, and on The total assessed, valuation of Dade
February 5, 1908, connection was there county alone In 1890, before Palm
made with steamers for Key West and. Beach and Broward counties were cre-
Havana. The line was finished to Key ated out of Dade county, was $432,672.
West and opened for traffic on Janu- The total assessed valuation for the
ary 22, 1912. same area for 1915 Is $17,081,366.6
Work was begun on the Okeechobee During the period when construction
division of the Florida East Coast rail- was being carried on there were
way in 1912, and it was opened for freezes, floods, hurricanes and panics

er.. ,l h I.,:, ha d ,.. Jura Et:d o:r .11.- i.'-z -
il'-- in .11. !.-i.- ..,f m en w ith 1- 1
fa I -n, I r n ?11I flF c iad irn l- idn. 1

r .. .- : tir. l '
v lch mr l l ..,.. hr,,J nll ..r,: ..r ,.-.il 'I
C I rj..ir a a dnII I.:. th a ,.-. .', in-
c u .r t i,' ir I r ii ,i' i a l i 'i -

tia i .- "' 7 1 i, ri t .[ ,:,, j' i

n__ rl.j_-. H-'sati- in *n.,_a.Kii!' -.:t" thi,
c I .,- r' I r I I i ? I i n r,. -r l -i'l T iit i ,- eiv-
A st ri. ri s '. .:.t lh A I uI gh t;,'; no
t c : .I ,; r i I 'C d i 1 1 :-me I .
b t [i".. i .. r ,i,, I .: ,r0: n.:.,d i ', them ,
|a 'r-l It -. f..r ue IL, try a -,,1 lin i, iIt _'. ti ,
ar il'., th.: I -. ,r .- s tiu1l l u Ire : 'Ir-
r-r.,:- h:la 1 b- I-; i,u!n ,.i[ H ns en-
tlf,. I.' -n i d n ;- Ieit- L "'..'a-. al-r i IC pe ll-
t l: I --I n a1.aa a n It > l ', .r th,:-
st .l',. rii a. i r t.-, tIIa t I.| Fi, g-
at ,' I II I !- 'l L. r,. r& .I I l l -a,,
S .a l'., I ', .-, li -] I 'IJ |I II L, -i L '. L ] l ,:
r.'l' 11 1_1 ,u [I, ,L 5L 1
n'i.i ,f l n .' i if i rr- r 'i,-i diii d .id
v. i t t 1 ,i l 1r Al i-i't t a h' 'i .
F l .;n g i rI: t n, [-1 r i r u r,' In
r.a ,.,' t i ..: i ,1 1. a t ,it itti-i and I
a tl ni E.C A l' *r [ i t1 ; ., 1 10,i In, .i t ni,
re.: ir.-r ._..i i J. lr,.:. n -i.,- -te tl, l 1n
a r, l. :1 tl r ,.:. h li. ..: i .-

in .I t l l'. g ,., .i 3[ FI Ll-.:r r .-n,:rid !
a.k, i in h l,-.i,.' |. -.1r,.i tl.a t I.
:an'.; I. n I- tni, % t i-.,n m -.r,r f
7:i.O d H.-, Ji.i rh ,l t ,,,hrh ,r i ; -, r iv., :
i r. t t ,. : ti, tE .1 r. n. 0 ro sn z
l h h -l i,: .' d t h.at fn I.-..i i t.]
S _l.e.: T .:. ii .1 it. ., l' ,I -, n ..I
r. i a n. e ,a a 1 ri 'J tIr. n r,e .:1:. ,.-i
.:ir.. i.-tre i,,I F l rii i th an i a le '.'.' rI : I'
I.7, I' ; ., i.l.n.. r-.r- n, i id Lh i -. et a
I'. n kil hi - A .-i 1 i. I 1 1. ., t, I a--,e
I1' n' p l r .. ii,. ,- n i .:..i i r r -u .'. ,
he icr 1 t,11 -- S an' rd'. te Fr' ral.- l' i H
a r.. I t nrrr E n nl i n i d i.',*: t- n. lv_
a i 1 .1 T 1 I .
taili d T i t',, In. I -: .- -,n :.I
.rt .- r. id n I n al ..:. ..r f cs n- I
tru : l, :. ,a r.. ..1.. r:. I
nrly: t oia,'- e s, d.in '.ir.c.r -. Fis aI-i '
foilv," \. t. .- :.n'1[,r.It e r as nd It s..... t
u f.. a i. r, h_ ..i n 1 z- I 'i --I t, ri ?
a hnJ or hear i % .Isz ... r th .' R hreg r piri-
al thl i et r 'r..j pbau ti s: .atl l. I .. r. r, I ,-.-:
thne cl t.i.c,.' n ism .Fm ,1 .L.od t da lardt
vc il i thi nI-,utI nd F I-'Int da :,t" o' r-.l,
alon n lis : aI inh oiu:,ir er..f : s :.[a rhI-e
worlI ilh.,uLid 7 I ,'. ---t% ; a c I r. .1',uct in
new' l II idar'& th. b ai.sn . tf \ i-
flarndt.: i:' t ,: w a. t b ,u I.hh ,;leIf e.'s,
M rxior., a l,_ I .as f' iiii<,l -radling naL
had no r tre :edeant in h io le l .' o -
tocb ar expdr .irn, sand that would
m1u, rm n ec eI s -i -ty,-in _.l .wr kIr nv
anyh bodi o men. rm -ilnrd 1'.:it hhin to
CO r re, [,r r,,es e it. ucc .- t and tu

In tlhe i ..k ie i,. wIio h a..?w ipl h l
I li ri ll. be I .ro, l nr F l w '. nm lt u rl -
tlo', yoyu ngr .m ho- are 0omIn
Ion, n Ho r.- : wn I ,to s c c i
.ha rie n m l e : .:.t p r.:p e i
xp-rii.:' tm a d o y :et .: e1:. ih hai ,r
,a .. .r- i .. .:r n. I yr" r ,li ,-r i
the . .n:, r I..e a'r r i d.:. :l~.i n F r.
gpe.r l,,r tl' hd t of" 1,kee ing h .min-
el r ., y ir l,:-r: ,I h .I.:. u t-a.n.pirs.n Fl.:.r-
whichrlie loved so well. I suggest, t
yil. l t i a- rt ,: l t r:n l i a rn.: r .sy: of. iih n
i : r',' in teh e r .:... j e t:.o c i F 11 i '.
ten er. and c. eu ';l-y : t ias -
'0e: _anrd o:ur E o'ple t oe t l.i. Ian i tilrl.-
tr 7.e m i o : r r -l : : c :i :, I r: ir il-
hira gi e i: h}it n a nd ,j i .:. u si r,-.: s of
,li b n g. : ..in i r i, .:.f ., Ia n.: !

n .I n r i B i:.tl.i ..t i 1F' l
ic i '
-u, Ii .' H i .: ]i, ..., .-t:. ..! .:.u r : r.: n .
i_ l {: Ihl it hr .,r 1 r .. .'"l h-i r.,,
K n at.. Ih t tis .i,.-r t i-,. al.J
further, on' all the great works in
steel, stone and, concrete there are
only two places in which his nanime
ih.a -Ti it- -lagler hospital and the.
Sr'ti' r n itis he rests.
His faith' i. Fl.,rida ivIs I absolute,
W hen other nr.., I',:-.taicd he %mI',t
calmly, quietly, but persistently '.jIeI,--
the way he-had chosen, regarrdless of
the criticism of men who dared to
criticise, but who did not dare to do,
and on his faith in our fair state the
new Florida is building on lasting
foundations of boundless resources.
And now we among those 'of you who
are the elders, who were privileged
to be associated with him in this work,
must, from necessity, in a few years
pass away. 'We have been privileged
to know him, to labor with him, to
help him in these works, of which we
may well be proud, and we must leave
to you younger men who are coming
on, and who will, I hope, succeed to
the management of these properties
in time, and to you men who have
made your homes and your living from
the enterprises q.arried on by Mr.
Flagler, the duty of keeping his mem-
ory fresh and untarnished in this land
which he loved so well. I suggest to
you 'that on the anniversary of that
day when'we helped to carry him, -.:,I
tenderly and carefully to his last rest-
ing place, that yoiu gather your young
men and your people together and tell
them of Mr. Flagler and his works,
his generosity, and his genius, so that
]his memory shall not fade; and when
you pass by this monument, which
will bring to mind his features, and
which will show his features to those
yet to come, make it a day to lay a
flower at his feet, that pasers-by will
know that he is not fore-mtter in this
country he loved so .:11 "',11 that
his memory is cherished with glad-,
ness-the memory of a man who was
without fear and 'without reproach-
Henry Morrison Flagler.


John R. Bailey, Sr., 57 years of age,
died at a local hospital at an early
hour Saturday morning. The deceased
is survived by his wife, Mrs. John R.
Bailey, of Butte, Mont.; two daughters,
Mrs. J. W. Lipscombe, of this city and
Mrs. Will Kempthorn of Butte, Mont.,
and two sons, J. C. Bailey of Savannah,
Ga., and J. R. Bailey of South Jack-
Funeral services were held at 2
o'clock yesterday afternoon from the
parlors of Funeral Director Marcus
Conant, 220 East Monroe :t.i:,-t. Rev.
J. IT. Webber-Thompson, :.f .r John's
Episcopal church, officiating.
The following acted as pallbearers:
W ,H. Meyer, R. F. Meyer, John Beas-


STr pressure i highest over the 1 -it
flowers l Saurn..i of the country and lowest over tihe

nd ""wRU PT hasfallen over much of the coun-
the Mississippi river, including

Sf nTex e t, with the exception of suak- -
warmerweather prevails over met

Observation taken at 6 p om.. 9th meridian

A-inSinSr.l, clear U LE.. ..... .
J i cle ar ..konille, J 2.

Tl-ie iri**r-n t > in Evergreen R. T. Bird eci returni-d tu Mac.:,n Frbi Ch eraor .:. e re t SBulletin of the New York A socia- gdy .

NICHOLS KUHNS. Braril~l\ather-. Jr.. left for New "ll r t 't11 ru.le o L3 'nitd hi cit, lear". ** *"*****" ** *

Tnf /' ^- ^ 3 Dr. aDd Mlrs. E. L. Scr.,tt after ..pend- Stt- h uprcme court l,:. m n mP, th,"hlle, clear .. .:* .;... :::n *
.. t la r ^ L h F. w he d ied y e r n e h o i v. onin O c a l a o w it h m i D r. e i lt a r is ot .utr h .n r -r :- ". ne c l e a r f. . . . . . ..n .l ar
.t., in of Commerc e Recei ed w Bye

.t 't. J .. p i .. l cnu r.. i n t i r a r.J b at -.:..; l :, r J m. \- .:r au n-" te of c y ath. . 0

SMWANTSEm. T li Mr nry UL -HANG k. clear ...... .... 5
T-.i palit*Ear~tr n-erc V1. J. Tipcon, ^.r.. prtl. points iM ir=. C. Carmp, F'. Of M- bl. Prl...liv.: .L.-<,,- r" o ''" ma, clear *** *0 .. ..... 50
Comec Came.7'

,: Calr,.-e. R D L.Bi, J R. rukc. Pnn h. ..n, H. La'" ttner t n. o I.hom ,ic - ..id [.: ,a-g, clearF - ** s -7

pinaEs :. T J..kson ar, Mike Kane. J ., t, G:" K Ro". ..cn. J 'arp. W r to a.enln o.. .. J .t. Cl,-l.. E : 'cl ....
:. E. G J. P. ii. i le clear ........ ... ....
... Amendment of Rules Would, It Is .,*L ran ............... ..t

D. H Lake City, partly clo.. dy .. .

CARLES C. BROWN. Llod. Frank Hrri and Lesie An- Faults of the Pieseno Practice. loud F", ear... ...... .. *62
Pr. r. '. -1 l itr a n t of ied for ru i - e, cloudy ... ... ........ ..3 .
-_''n-.nr C It, clear' ..... ... .....46

ig. e \%ll. rl ba.- ?. Jolni Burcd nan J. C. dark o n haI g ne to Gelnrgi I.r ch ..- un n D,...:rl.l r .d aa it.l- .. I ,,,L..., clear ...... .... .. ..... .16 .
.ai.l Hitr,.- Hic' nhthaJ Alabari, he. d.dr .c.,: .:. week. :-Il the nlr,r N ci-mbr ".J. r J an ; Florida ...........tations...26
T e inratrnrnt .a ail. I n tEvergreen f C. . Birde rt urned L I ,',n F .irr.nb ei a c hangl h..,r in- a E .w stone, clear... ........ 70
S I.t r da .y aft r .Ai. .nd g i r the hr., li .:. fa r rt.- n rurlea of the -i.Lit.-.: e.r.j A. .i. a i ,ra, partly c. loudly .. ...... 64 56
Ocale:. cll ear.......... ......... .. .0

n|.. d Uc r.n r.-- ir in i.iin rur..:y :- Pierce ......... 6
ort I, 11 nkr ; ur.. y e- Th.- url.cti.: 'J l 'onvlle, clear.... ... .......76 10
NICHOLS XUHNS. Brartlev Weathers, Jir.. left for Nc- I.aI of bankrupt *fL.. :- Wst, clear ............
SrYork laz't night. Amne. nt e ,. the r, o .:- in pr e, s tlls clear ........ .. ... ..

i.nJi.Mr. J ", rrillr S e n body I, OfL n' t e a..:..M ville, clear ...T...m...S...g7 41 .. 2
Elito, ]art hol.Ku he. bo~died Dr. and MHrs. E. L. -s -t after s -epend-r Stass-urr fo-rt to,,liln,-.- lh .Evlle clear..... .......... .. .4
,K n-. o died InI tIIe hoiIys In Ocala with Dr. evil- arislg ou .t ith. ,re.-:,na t_ le.rhis,. clear................. ..1
,. r wera t-,l, yster- SOcott's parents r,'tu rne.,l to Brrr in n tbi, 'ui4 dati., .. f:. f iftr I 'siaols clear ...L.........14 .. .02

"r..rin the baik-rupts, instead of Sanford ..... .. ....... 5
iby receiver in bankruptcy, 'representing Tampa. clear ... .. .. ... 6 ...
S i .- he interests i- f the creditors. M. Rosen- Titrille, clear ... ..........74 6
Sb. An intrestng of maherg's letter, somewhat in detail, states A -. ear l .

.tl-- r-: Il: rVV u ct; frniii the currerit practice n, .. .. l. .....5 ..

** Je"norr *. yo undnr dth s ARREST CAUSED PROTEST.
Sled a r of O Cuntry ubSat h e'er 1- M. Henry P. Mc Pas, Jan. l.-Thl representatives
.f Jlih'i Epis cpoal lir, urd d by a rr Jothe Merchants-' ermany, Austria-Hungary Tur......ey and
,jtd tIll Clc. inl, Slte', T, I lMThe Remedy Proposed. tions to thI e Greek government relative toI

.n. F rest of their consuls at Salonki by the
Tr, r-,ailtarI'CV 'V'. J. T,,n, r r _.,.,.rh-iI I"rrhe 'reey proposed I MrC 'osen- .isi t.clear ...t...o......... a Haven
-supreme court of a rule that the p urgh,clear ......... .....that h already had.

assignede shl remoIed ad a reLPiceiverIH. La rted to the British an, French go
liilI.,iXllIr,t T7a4 rIiJ..e in Ev,'rnr v-.r -. -ii:l r, L. R Cnazl. ri. c. a-p, Hughes, ,r' f I,, hi. --in- i'' rnd, clear....... ... .....03 51

age 11 AJT ir remain noett referred Mrs. Dunlap entertained the ladies at
C' L t I' F e :i F '. 3-' I, t I A E ,' > r i J 3. P r i tt e- : f t h I _Tn f tn r o $,t trl .- u e r m .E 1: t L o u i sa, c l e a r. . . . . . . . . 04 2

considered by a10 centsocial on Friday afternoon for
iSBS1rn^r' T- f on mith'e 1^ new ryea ':n. in ,he -i iety.
rourt !I, Lake City, partly cloudy ..
CHARLES C. BROWN.. Llod. Frank Hrrl and Lhe An- Faults of the Presult rof such con n a..............

by Mr. Rosenberg, which we believe like- colored churches. The ringing of bells
_ ^ _| ^. w hav ts ofaptrh sof e the district welomed. the New Year, 1916.
f jl^ ^ ^ ^ .^ 1 '*- l therefore, respectfully ask the man"se Friday evening of neighbors.Mu-
Ih ri. ai orf' I, t. Cliarles rn. sr.. C. CImp 'asnd H. Lott- Echairmatn ,of the .rules committee of sic and address were ... ...n order.7
Pr. r. aiIl,.J c trda. ttrrnr, ne-rsith r ? or the Uited States supreme court, you rick Henrys address was spoken.....
S.li 'hk ,t ht ginve fav.oratle consideration to the sug- Dr. Whittaker. Remarks also were made

lested cChcoehwhih we believe will by Dr. Conway.
inrrte .,.,.ly .prom' te admini straton of .- Fe clear prevails and no grippe in
','r,. . ''., O A NEWSr NOTESr ,,,.,- vl'r, 10.0 l~ning o* I.Kb ,og clear. .................0 .08

sonserve for the benefit of creditors he *M. St. John and wife and son visited
,no ,'-r.- rr.llb,-arr .r FJ F .rn,,v i. assets of ba-ntcy estate" or.. n 'Ganesville the past week. They re-2.

I' r r. m~t't r Fu. Ctark. e. Ga., -t Mthns iolldat WHOLESALE....OTTIO............

the hands of the chief justice and that From Jacksonville Market By Mgarx:
l I ,'llari l n hi cn. i. G th. dard.. dr rtleceive the attention Brothers, Wholesale G..rocers, Ha
ini- Mr. Rosenberg crallts attention to a in, eruit and reduce Jce...bbers,
--p deci'on :..'rendered by-F the United Stats aJacksonvile, lear, F.la. .

Ir poitment of a -,fUreceiver in bankrLtrptcy Apples, extraarkeer barrel ... ...... 0
here eeaassignment had been Apples, perm .. a ............ ....

D sm kes Speakng e prior to the filingofthe petition Bananas packed, per bunch ...........002.
i, he effect nothis decision, he says, was Gra. a, Orl uandoala ....... barrel.....

lowing the decision there were seventy- t rapefruit. golden, per box .. 66..... i .;rl ..
.even general assignnkrupts in New Yorf Oranford fancy, per box.............. 5.743.
county, in ve there were uptcy, repn 912 there rangesmpa. choe, pa r box... ..........

nPll 1 kin C "'isti' tir son ani famil'' /were 198, in 1913, there were 249, in 1914 Oranges, golden, per box ............ 2.2s.'l,
Sthe Intere sts9the nd in the first five Ttuerviles, clean er box........74.
H erg's flet ter, somewhat in detail, states a t ca rrier, per
or. C stms a. Practically no asg currents were made e t...........
Se t g w e w a in th c ty -.hn the decision was Lemonu, s, bancy Verli per bo..
g all ende d.i i you under dt Lemons, 60sancy Messina, pe bo.E. .
fNovember 11 by M GiveHerys ControlP. c Paris, Jan.per barr.-The repress ntatives ....... of

steal laundry :trom E1. ?.r HM.-rd T- Christmas, day q.1 ;id ...unib'--r of Co- fir. Rosenberg says that general as- ieTppl r mey, per crate" ; 1....
Kenney. president of the Merchants' Germany, Austria-Hungary Turkey and

G. Pasteur nd J. B; Br f cites enjoyed dinner at the Cocoa .signment are repugnant to the policy Pinapples, 0s and ollec. tive y, per een-
Sof bankruptcy laws and he suggests that crate Greek government relative to
"The R~emnedyroposed. s arrest of their consuls at Saloniki by the'

Sh h be remediprped by the Pine a ples, according to a Haven dispatch
Swwas tfe aopton States nite froeansthreen, er hamper .............. .
S1, supreme court of a rule that the premier Skouloudis that ha already had

been the owner of: the Imni.cral ..tdam the West. court rule providing thia~t the assignees Pepperalh3reen p'er cr-te* . 1.5
K. K a f s shallsbe removed and a receiver appointed Eggpant t pe h raitih a F
St upon the application of a creditor, unless Cucumbers, er'hamer .. ....
creator uniss a mamajority in amount of creditors aff a- abbaes, ansh in barrels, per bar-
cdeditors affermativel y desire that the assigned shall re- .. ........
ST a a f d s assigned hall remain in office. e hamper .. ....

to Ganesvlle. Land with their daughter, Mrs. Fish, Mr. MoKenney, in a letter to Prrsident Dunlap ent e ..rtained the lads at
s aMr. Howard has owned th steam te letters reerre a 10 cent social on Frida afternoon for..... 1
ing businesses in this section. Mesrs. Anita Travis has as her guests, nominhave been carefully considered bycourt Turnips, Canadian, per sack id.. Society.50
thisPaste and Brooks are Nellie Coper, of Melbourne, and butintthehandsofperson cosmmer- A very ipleCanadian ime was enjoyed by
cial law. oi f ,. ri Mr. Edward D. Page is a
chairman, and as the result of such con- 1 and $2 was added to thr s ra.r,.0
Syear eddingin e Misses Mausidertionwe desire heartilyto cncurin The ld year was ung .. t '
that of MissEllthe thi .recommendations submitted to yous and Hazel Johnson entertained delightmentwasmade:Beeta, per hamper th.... ... rl
bndy Mr. Rosenberg, which w beliankrupte laws, ike-Parsco ips ed churches The ringing of bells.73
onville, which t r: la r- .: and dancwse have the appr esent act, is not only to elcomery alifothe New Year, 1916. .
afternoon judges e f this district. There was a, pleasant gathering a the.,
Rev. J. G. Glass T mr- hall was beautifully decorated and ta on the bass fore, resquaectfully ask thao secure manse Friday evening of neighbors. Mu-
as chairman of the rules committee of Panuts, Virgini a ddr, choice hand-s spoke n b
told no one of their in- nthe United States supreme court, youthe ad per oun .........
ginnine favothe new year t ad A. M., miistrabtioe consideration to the sug-tration r. Whittaker. Remarks also were made
Mr. and Mrs.. Lter la nit n ll r ev getobed change which we believe ill by Dr. Conway.
greatly promote the administration of Fine weather prevails and no grippe in
justice in bankruptcy 'cases, and tend to sight.
conserve for the benefit of creditors the ggMr. St. John and wife and son visited
daughter installed their newo sets of bankruptcy estates." in Gainesville the past week. They re-
Court Will Consider Proposal. turned homo Saturday.
In reply to Prosedent Morgan's letter, WHOLESALE QUOTATIONS.
Justice Hughes wrote on December -i
that all the letters had been placed in
the hands of the chief justice and that From Jacksonville Market By Mar ,
ththe Mr-ne matter would eceve the attention Brothers, Wholesale Grocers, Hay,
of th e court.G.i P c b
Mr. Rosenberg calls attention to a Grain, Fruit and Produce Jobbers.
decision rendered by the United States Jacksonville, Fla.
ircuf t rn rar i n ul mrt of appeals of the second Apples, rd, per barrel .. ........... $4e 7
circuit in 1909 o r a the Cross, ilmed by the Kan the case of the Oak- Apples, fancy York Imperial, per
manyland Lumber Company, vacating the ap- barrel .... .. ...................... .0
pointment of a receiver in bankruptcy Apples, extra Starke, xper barrel .......5.50
where a general assignment had been Apples, per hamper .............. 2.00|
made prior to the filing of the petition. Bananas, packed, per bunch..........2.00@2.2-
SeGrapes, fancy Malaga, per barrel ....'7.00
The effect of this decision, he saysw Grapefruit, fancy, per box ........... 2:.2.
shown in the fact that in the year efl- Grapefruit, choice, per box.............- -,
lowing the decision there were seventy- Grapefruit. golden, per box..........I
---- ______. _-__. --seven general assignments in New York Oranges, fancy, per box.............1.75@)2.00
county, in 1911 there were 109, in 1912 there Oranges, choice, per box ............... "-2 L 7;L
his ",,,oe itircy i r.eir son an] furri- vy ere 198, In 1913, there were 249, in 1914 Oranges. golden. per box ............ a ...
OCALA NEWS N ESr t v itr. there Wre 924, and in the first five Tangerines, fancy, per box .............2.150_
Tangerines, choice, per box ............. 2.1
The -'7.)-a i-la,,J.. ae iv. t tiutfftll. m months of 1915 there were more than Kumqua'.s, six basket carrier, per
orated for the festive season. Christmas 500. Practically no assignments were made crate.......... .. ..... ...........2.00
e with 'the county when the decision was Lemons, 260s, fancy Verdilli per'box.. 6.00
grand tree, Santa Claus remembering all rendered. Lemons, 360s, fancy Messina, per box.. 4.75
terIday was :,,, pr,:r,-, ,. Ocala who domiciled theren,%%anTo Give Creditors Control. Limes, per barrel...................... 10.00
w.y gifts. Limes, Der hamper ................ 3.5C
steam laundry :from t. .T HHo'pard ,',- JChristmas. day qii.t.;", !uni,..'r of Co- 51r. Rosenberg says that general as- Pineapples, 42s fancy, per crate .........1 .
G. C. Pasteur and J. B.' Brooks. of 'l,is coaites enjoyed dinner at the Cocoa signments are repugnant to the policy Pineapples, 2is and 36s. fancy, per
c.ity. These men, will av-un, ,-'antr.i-iHouee. of bankruptcy laws and he suggests that crate ..................,........... 1.75

Mr.'Luten, -. i.... liv.:-- ,n lIcs.onille, -l'own at Victor theater Sunday after- adjudged :ha a, disposition of his prop- SEA ISLAND COTTON.
was in Ocala whil- the r..?w ac hiool- no.,n 'ad t.:ting. Those not attending erty .by a- drt-...r intended to accomplish a l,. .
house was' being bull, w-,rking on th r -iiied ii.:h t treat, viewing those won- that purpose is a fraud .pon the creditors Fancy FlGeorgia .... .... ..
construction of. tiiE t'uilding., and dt d.:-rful and n.s-tructive pictures, who have a right to invoke its protec- Extra Choice Florida.and: .r.e.i, .
was at th',. time taIt lhe mEi2. M3s Fe.erl iardsn rmce house 'boats have tion. That such disposition is not one Choice ................ ..-..... .25
Bogie, who Saturday-. .,'ame -1 b hr,d?.. -st.-rpe' at C.-.,- lately en route south. which Is fraudulent at comm.:.n 1-w .-% im- Extra Fine ................ ....24
A rather serious ac..ident occurred Favorr-d with .,I.rious Weather Thurs- material. It suffices if its r..e:--ar:ry ef- Fine .... ........ ..............23
at thile :electric light ,lat last night day aftern-:..:.n a baseball game wasI feet is to 'defraud, hinder or delay credi- ______
about 9:30 o'clock. Tie shoe. o)f tir p'iv'zy in F..rr'.t A'.enue- park between tors In their rights and remedies under ---... 'T'I ..
cross-head in some n..1 got caught the travellug fr,:,liht agents and a local the bankrupt law."
and caused the cylinder head of the t--ni ,,th r.i n-im-r of interested spec- Th6 purpose of the proposed rule, as C.D. CATES. J. W. EDMONDBON.
engine to blow out rndi lie engine titor Tie best of good; feeling pre- set forth by Mr. McKenney, is to place .
was more or less v.re.:-d, bu. the vald. all -.inga goo time, winding matters with relation to bankruptcy In a t
damage is not- so great that it cannot up ,3 a dance in opera house in the the haTids of the creditors. .. s ae
be repaired some tim, to.day. The evening. .:.ir,.:.o' b-. all. .(Florida Life Bld.)
accident -did not caucs any break ,n C.coa 9 rn.- hiotrlt Is growing rapidly, ORANGE CITY ITEMS. MEMBERS
the service except fvr ia snort ..pade of Mr. Barlo. exptctingl to have It pen.d ---- New York Cotton Exchange
time. Fortunately i.rrn th- acc dent next month it 'i t...- .1 vetry attractl'v.- Orange City, Jan. 2.-The 500 club met '
occurred no one' was injured. building with ail ,ni.:dc!' n conveniences Wednesday. evening in the hall. A good Chicago Board of Trade
Mrs. ELmuin Peerr and :-on, Jim, awidl will be knlon a-' -Hort.1 Knox. number was present. The regular an- DIRECT PRIVATE WIRES
after p-'rdinz tr.,e h.-,lid..,y with rela- Mr-'. George Sirnisr.. of Washington, nual meeting for business was held on COTTON-STOCKS--GRAIN
tives a't Ne-w S*mvrr a, h.a.,- gone to D. C. a uiLt at the Lincoln residence, Thursday evening. Mr. Peckham. was Bought and Sold on Commisslo'i; also
Tampa to join Mr. P,ter io ',heli new 1is being: e. rt'rt'Ilr.eed h ay I.r friends. chosen moderator. The minutes of the Carried on Conservative Terms.
home. ... Mr. irnd Mr-. A. A. Ta..:.r are rejoic- last meeting was read. The report of
.Mr. and .Mlrs. i '. K. Z. .-dek, Jr.. ing .Ai t rriv of g',r s-i.,cn. ..in the treasurer was accepted, which ackssnville, Fla. Augusta, Ga.
and baby and 'i. iE. Zewads.i returned to Mr arId MrI \liit *t Th.r.na. ll,.- showed a small balance in the treas-- Phones: Bell 5151; Auto M-1505.
to Tampa ,Fridac Ga. Mlrther ani qnn. Frank Jon-.- Wlnn, ury. New YorkU Corresondnt.
Mrs. H. A 1.' .str'nsn hi returned are'- dcInr. r..:,,uifull!. Hearty congratu- Dr. James Conway was invited to sup- E. F. HUTiON tO.
home from .k.ll, i om friends her the pit for 1916.



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Entered at the Postoffice on Jacksonville as second-
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Want Ad Department......................... "Six-O"
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CAUTION-Make all remittances payable to THE

Advertising Rates furnished on application.
427 Munsey Building.
225 Fifth Ave., N. Y. City, People's Gas Bldg., Chicago.

The Audit Bureau of Circulations'
official report made of the circulation
of the Florida Times-Union, covering
six months, ending June 30, 1914, ex-
amination made October 10 to 17, is
as follows:
Daily (six-day avg.) Total Distribution, 24991

Sunday........ ......Total Distribution, 27,867

Indiana is the vice presidential state.

To conscript or not to conscript-that is the

Why notl put a lot of moles to work on the
Panama canal?

The Russians have taken Hashan but that is in
Persia-not in any of the fighting countries.

A school girl left Philadelphia for her home and
disappeared. Who says we have no magicians to-

When Dr. Aked learns the futility of his trip to
Europe will it be proper to refer to him as Dr.

The Russians are said to have entered Bulgaria
through Varna. Grand Duke Nicholas may yet
strike the decisive blow.

Wonder why the Ford party didn't take a peace
plan to Europe instead of stopping to formulate
one after they got there.

The government of the United States could bring
about peace in Europe but the manufacturers of
arms and ammunition strongly object.

Elihu Root has asked that his name be left off
the ballot both in Michigan and Minnesota. It
really looks as if Elihu didn't want to run.

Here's hoping that Col. House will not be wined
and dined too much in Europe. We would regret
to hear that the president had a full house.

An Oklahoma woman wrote to the governor of
Kansas to find her a husband and it would be just
like a governor of Kansas to go to looking for one.

The department of agriculture rules that coffee
sold as Java must be grown in Java. Wonder
whether Dresden china should be made in Dresden
or in China.

Kitchener is about to split the British cabinet.
Roosevelt should now transfer the admiration he
once professed for the kaiser-it is the Irishman
that follows his example.

Col. House, as President Wilson's "personal rep-
resentative," is off for Berlin to carry "a correct at-
mosphere." Who said this was a republic and not
a "'r ,.-.i.i government?

Now we are told that if Great Britain orders a
conscription we will follow suit. It is the only
safe foundation for a militaristic program, but why
fellow when we might choose?

Gen. Wood was reprimanded for asking his friend
Roosevelt to address the rookies at Plattsburg.
Now he dines at the left of Gary with Roosevelt on
the right-this time to hear speeches.

Dr. Aked says President Wilson could give
Europe peace, but will not. It is also true that
Dr. Aked did not have peace in his church; did he
lack the power or the will to keep the peace?

Why are ambassadors maintained at national
capitals except to produce correct airs between
nations? In this day of cables why pay ambassa-
dors who cannot produce correct atmospheres?

Oregon, Washington and Idaho are now wet
states, but in proposing to celebrate their freedom
by "the biggest booze party ever known" they
prove that they are neither wise nor temperate.

A change of ministry in England is deprecated
because it would encourage her enemies! She
frequently changed ministries while putting down
Napoleon, but he was too wise to be encouraged.

Now President Wilson is asked to give permits
for the shipment of milk to suffering babies in
Germany! Very plainly is it supposed that the
president's mind has been softened by his marriage.

Why should a nation that had a war between
its states propose a union for itself and its neigh-
bors? When even marriage is subject to divorce
why insist that a union of states must be eternal?

We have not granted a ship subsidy but capital
is rushing our shipyards to supply the need of a
merchant marine-the output for this year will be
the greatest in our history and we can increase the
production 60 per cent! Who wants a subsidy

The fact that Jacksonville bonds bring such a
high premium is due to a very great extent to the
efforts of the port commissioners, who succeeded


in hli rin, tit.'m listed on the eligible list for the
Now,' York i uvings baink-. Th'is inc: raised the de-
narld for th-:Ii andi thl.. b,-ntfit ,'.ill be Lprmanent.


P,.'-idi:lit R u.:,: of the il'niv-i -i, of W isconsin
derlr(nt: that nmaiakind .i-- no.v br-oua ht face to tac-.
niith "the b jla,.kcAt prosipe.,: in iAll its. histo y." He
The iiil i-ed ip--o..les find thems-- ll es it.n-
frontings this istuation: The treatile between
the great power-. _a 1'ra3t1 -i;n2 the t-..urity of
the little "_-'oi'lts ba'. l-4 omna- "m-n e -crap- s of
Japei-r -'arfate hr as ti-.:,on'e a ia:ipirali--tic en-
terpn.ise and fighLting t killed o,.culpation.
\'hat a miuilitarist eo u rnmenti de-.itrr- in sup-
port of aggression miay b. gatin-iI und,-r pri--
text of d-sir.- tor aJE-quate dl-fen-r.es. The de-
sires of a peacre-loving Ipeopile for deile'-uE may
he con-trued as de,-.gn,-d for a gr-.iion. The
nation that out a rma the others runs no riskI
and may tbe reward..d f:,r it: prerpare'idneisb hy
..iii,-e:.-. ;n wai The nation L thl3. 1a bs hb.-h nd
tile reit 'it preparatiuois foi'." wir riliil, tfn i ik
:.t heing thi -art-ed o -bate-u. It tollov. that
the .tar I'virn,- nations hair po".iOr to fri e the
prea:e loving nations into the -glionm- path of
armanment for war. v.hereas thi- ieace- loving
nations have no poe:r to force the ".ar' loving-
nations into the paths otf iea.e. A cool. re-
ientle_- anal,'i; of tl si, iuationi di..lo,. e ] iit-
t!e ground for hopeful arintiipaiuon.
The question is whether the peace Ioviu; na-
tions will allow themselves to be drii.=n-did "we
continue to scalp our enemies after tue mariner of
the aborigines of our country? :When Gleendov.er
boasted that he could call spirits from the vasty
deep Hotspur replied, "But will they corme.- when
you do call them?" That's the qluestiont in thi.
instance; shall we be driven into the adoption tof
manners and customs that we krow to be had. dan-
gerous and wicked?
But humanity has faced prospects just a-' ril., k
and survived--we say so with all deferente 10 Pie-:-
ident Ross and without disrespect for th-e o nr.nion
of President Wilson. Learning, COhli-ttianiy. anii
/civilization were overwhelmed by an irruption of
barbarians and crushed into the dust. for -iniera-
tions but they struggled once more int.-, the .'un-
light and modern Europe was boin. )'i.jtirni
Europe was threatened by hordes of --aviag-, o
cruel and ugly and depraved that io-erv.r: dl--
clared they .could only be devils arid s_ riuni!r--
ous that bishops said they had sprunD fiowl tl.- Pit
as a prelude to the Last Judgment; the MougI,.i
today lie helpless under the weight oi mod-rn ar-
tillery. The Mohammedan world attac.ked the-
Christian world and the Crescent appsea d in Spain
and France and Germany, but the da:n-t:r ebbt-d ai
it had flowed; so will the dread and horrui of our-
day that is now staining Europe with blood andi.
promising, to renew its orgies in Asia.
There is a difference-the old horrors we:- 1..:.r -rn
from witliout the pale of Christendom and th- nr v.
one is born in her bosom. All the eri,- nied that
Christians stand firm against it-that r-e suffer o.ur-
selves to be degraded in nothing-that ve ulpholii
our standard of rigbteou.iieis and do iouti duty to
ourselves and the caus- vI.e reprisebt. _bhall wV
make savages of our-elves hl-:t we t- .eontquer,-i
by barbarians? Shall VIc lose our fre,-dorn to lii-
come militaristic? Is it needed that .':* ,.:i;p l-he
danger to our breast and acknooiedg- it for a ne I'
hope and blessing ev%-u r.hile denoun.:;ni it .,i a
horror, a curse and the Crov.'nitg calartiit.,?


A great deal is being said about th- neor.s com-
petition to which Amtriai-r indisti-es twii-- uTb-
jected after the war end.. Mu,:ch is being -'aid b.,
Republicans repr,.-seitin the iprote.cted interests
which want more protection against this ehadon.\A
foe. Under present circumstances a de ni:and for
protection is ridiculous,- for with the for-iEn in-
dustries busied to their full capacity .-u:Iil, iijl
their own people they are selling less to the- Arimr-
ican consumer than they have sold in mer'n, mfnt.,'
years. The Afmerican manufacturers don't n.edi
protection now, but they predict a.tii..-e b-hen I!I.y
will need it and they propose to get r-ad-y in an-
ticipation of that time. Secretary R-diid. .iatees
with the Republicans as to the approaching danger
but proposes a different method of meeting it.
This threat, or as we would call it, promise, of
fierce European competition.after the end of the
war is not backed up by reason. We believe that
the industries of Europe will not be in half as.
good condition for competition as they have been
heretofore and the industries of the United States
will be in much better condition.
One advantage European industries have had
over those of the' United States has been cheaper
labor-cheaper at least by the day though not in
proportion to the, product turned out. The law
of supply and demand governs prices and 'European
labor has been cheaper by the day because there
was a much more plentiful supply of it in propor-
tion to the demand than there was in the United
States. Before the war ends the dead will be num-
bered by the millions and the cripples also by the
millions in Europe. The supply of labor there will
be depleted. It is not depleted in the United States.
If Europe rebuilds her industries the wages of la-
bor there will be higher than before the war.
Europe will no longer have the advantage of
cheaper labor even when it is measured by daily
The industries of Europe will be to a great ex-

tent destroyed. The Russians in retreating in Po-
land destroyed all the industrial plants behind
them to keep them from falling into the hands of
the Germans. No matter which side wins there
will be a much greater destruction of industrial
plants as one side or the other is forced back. If
the French are forced back they will not leave in-
dustrial plants ready for the Germans. If the Ger-
mans are forced back they will destroy the indus-
trial plants of Belgium, of that part of France which
they hold and -of the part of Germany from which
they retreat. They will not leave everything in
readiness to increase the productive power of their

The nations of Europe will be drained almost
dry of money and they will find it difficult to re-
build the industrial plants which have been de-
stroyed or those which will be. The total volume
of their product will for a time and probably for
a long time not be as great as it was before the
war. As it is restored to its old time size wages
will increase because of a lack of workmen.
And the process of restoration will take much of
the energy of the people of Europe and leave them
less for the class of work that 'competes with
Americans. Until affairs become readjusted
Europe instead of having products to sell abroad
will be taxed to supply the home demand.
The immense amount pf borrowing that the war
has necessitated has raised the rate of interest in
Europe and the immense surplus that the United

_ __ _~I


I ) I I

n'l'l- i th- i-...i,e-s ,. r inunent for a considerable
t,,n. and -. ill tlIu ..i another enterprise to the
S.:-ti.-rn pair ,ft tihe ,ioar,, ." The Citizen adds that
MIr Hiinl i a rr~i.ie-:'i ." man and his new busi-
,':s .:rnitub.' ill add r. the general prosperity of
1-'. !-.'nt:.. TI''- lurnir itr.rket is now looking up
1,.L th detliand tu i. i I.: to gain steadily from this
i .:.n-.ar- The. lumi..- manufacturers in Flor-
,.ia h.av- hlad a sL*..'.. niii-, of .t, but the change has
co.i' arnd the pri..es and i:.iders will probably be all
that could be drsared for the next few rears.
'Th Li-. Oa(k: Ct..zi,- la.L FiJa3y had a fine pie-
tuii of the new granrii1*;r ai,'d high school build-
iii am it will arpp-ar v'h.i ,.n: mpleted. The picture
, fromn the ar..itii,rict' driaw'ing ird the Citizen says
ti,[lr t'i, rontiarct liha b-tEn av.ard.-.l and that the
r.u!l.ing l,ould be flr1nli-ed and i -ti., to be turned
S t il.e' tO the ctnol auth.,, tie- h",h t,.,_ ri'.h li, of Au-
:L t iThis v. ill .e- tirlir 'r** .r l-, l-v f lrii. of the
ie-c tiirim anld l.i'-. 0&.. : -. i 'Ij-I,.-. r_, proud to show

States ha. been selling has brought money into this
country, hundreds of millions abovE the normal
floV. Mo ey has been coming out of Europe and
into the- united States. IHe-rE a.ain the la- of
.'upply demand is inexorable. The fl- ..f
money fro I Europe depletes rhe supply" o-f it theie
.nd this I :creases the jter'-rit rate. Thb- do:n or
money into the Unit'-d State.- in,.reas.- th- suppi:iily
of it and t`is decreases: the interest rate
The greatest advantage European industry' ha:
had over tine industries of the Unit-ed State- b.ia
been Vheapjmoney. The rate- of interest -.a: mnu. h
lo. er there before the v:ar than it v .; iun tbhe
ULnited State-:, and ;-,hen rhe .ar rind .ondiition.r
will be revtrnsi--they are reversed alh-ady iHu-
tere:t rat-s are alrea'ily at-eapr,-r in th.: lniited
States than in Europe. Any man or any corpora-
tion wishing to borrow mon--y tor tuse n indu:tr:,'
,:an now. get it at a lov.'-r rate of interPst in the-
United Statz than in Euiop e. and this condition
Rill C:outlDue tor yeir-.
T hel e r,-:,i'=ons i,:,ntinn:._ ui' that rlii ar,_i t :,_ ...
tilje United St.ate- will aI \e northh ang t,, -r in the
home market tor tmany ..ear- fr,:,r Eur...,uan :ou-
petition. On rhe other ih.nd : .-. a-e 'i-L that iul
T.ill have a vasti.y larger shaiie o' t th i tad-. of the
world than they ihai c .- had in th i r a:r.t


in hi- d-esir.- to liid somI-e ..1-,ent r-roirid fo1-
attacking a Democrati.- administration bt;. ay of
recommending hiuEself to the Rriuhblican p-arty,.
Col. Roosevelt .:barges that his country discredited
itself by failing- to protest stronglyy" against the
invasion of Belgium and. therefore, he? 1 "a-hamed"
of t--bhe .sa1 the United States as5 bound to
int.iCr el. '--iy I.he Hague tieatie-' i r i. ,'h is n .-
r pai :. Ic tie too ui iois :. i-:1; r-dit hi: -,
*:,:, it '-P .' 'i-resli,,n t W il bou i..m id t'o t- r, a -
tiln in th..: matter .y the HAsun: con-'enions'
Sin.:e? tihes;,- 1'ei- not afflimr-d by all ith. .a't-
to it they oere lindrinc on nobody as Stiowell on
**The Dliplomana,-y of the War" mak-e clear to all but
Tho-e un toilliig in be conri;rn:e ,:reat Britain did
not f,-i.i lboa,l I,, diefiirnd Belgiium h-riati? ,of the
1Hague- ,:onentih- a- R-P os.e,,it intimare-, bul
'Ti .Strdap -f Po ra i ?,h rlb .:oriielled liir. ; if h
needde. any ;o.1,I but Ih,: l uaiiif',t need riif 'elf-
efl n e. -, ai the tr-eaty o, f 1 :;: under' v- ni.-li Pru'-
Sla. ;r,.al Britau., France, AUiilli and Ru .i: j th.i
,n a_-'ed iti S.Letling Eur.-pr,.- i, u1. ._ .. qiieroi of
Napoleon. guarant-.ed the neatralii: of Belgiulu to
ilr'--ere riie --.eac.e 'n.] priouteci the u .-. regime.
Still [,lainr In a:,:_pting thie i- rue ntieate-'
ihe -nuate I of ihbe hLinlie, S.-.ite aii.Je ti,- follow--
ini a aiit r.i the I.-...rd:l:
Nutt in contriiiuii.d 1i I i ,(on'venlion .hjll
i., . .oin-tri'.: a. to 'requ, l e tLe iiiit.-i Stat-:
or A rnii-i'-a tOj dei .aril '.ir, i i':lj tio..n l ,Oii,:,
0if not intra dir i,_ ij.h interf, riut z .ith or e' c-vn
entarlirhnE ii-if l in th.e -,oiit Ni lu,-Uti-onS Of
loli" of any fore- gn .-tate. nor .shall
an :'. thing ,"ont.aine, ;n i .th- .,i, i oi.' mention hbe
.ristru t-d to imply b.1 ..inqulhi -r,-nt I.y Ib.'
Ulinittod States otf i t traditional altitude tro.aid.l

N\ ith thi adi];tion the ,ionventiont ,, ., at.-
pro-.ed iy The,-,odore ,Roose elr. i.rs-iil,-iit of th.e
I'nitl.] State.. Febhrual u .i' 1 ,'i : th,'re frc, i i
uitti'ly pr 'u.te'rou that -x-President Roo.-evelrt in
1915 shou, demand that President WV.ilson iinuor-
the limita ovled.i by Ihhe la- w .ith the ap-
proxal of t Roosevelt. Whlat,%e- r Iic e hi
y rir pathi desire hbe '.'a. forbidden to doi
I; hat Col. It would have himn do in viola-
tion of t and of express law to save
at lea abhaM e" qir ndI h- rt. f-,
eprroa Cldes. Let the colonel do 'ome
gbhtiu f outside the ln even it he
I:urns a e of pea.e h t u by i .L:j i ,i ii ,
loudly as ,e e,:,alty of oliher"?


. : L 1 ..1, 3 I. I . -, r : i r i.. :,.- .1, . i.:, ,I i -..i
i1 .. V r t .: :, -' ,11 rL r-- I--: .T ,..-. rC ,

1 i. .. | l .=n I .:. I. ) '... : .. r.. 1-I I .I
at that), is through a forest of tall pines, with more
or less "iri.-ro-.-j.ii showing below the first branches
-of the great trees. It makes an attractive picture.

The Peninsula Breeze is the name of a new paper
recently started-in Tampa and at the head of the
editorial column appears the name of W. W. Averill,
editor, and W. W. Averill and C. J. Powell, owners
and managers. It is proposed to issue the Breeze
weekly, Thursday being the day of publication. The
number coming.into the Times-Union office is neat-
ly arranged, well printed and appears to be well
planned, with local 'and editorial matter well chos-
en as well as news and miscellany.

The Stuart Tii. : tells thatJ. I-. B. Easton, 'of the
St. Lucie Farm tract, recently brought to Stuart
some specimens of the Yakima bean, grown near his
place. "The Yakinma bean is akin to the velvet
bean, and is edible. It is also used for fertilizer
as it is rich in nitrogren." The Times tells that this
new bean-new in Florida at any rate-is prolific,
easily growing and needs no fertilizing. That the
beans and vines are excellent for stock feeding is
claimed and :.I: recommendation is made that more
be planted. A bean that grows as does the velvet
bean and is edible should be encouraged.

"The new .n:.in well has been completed," says
the Bushnell Tni.- "excellent water having been
secured at -.i4.-ti. -." 395 feet. It is almost a flowing
well, as th. -.va-.:r .:omes to within a few feet of the
top and 9.1 ,. pumped intd the high tank will give
ample supplies for all purposes." The Times says
-that tine water has a slight touch of sulphur, enough
to make it soft, yet not unpleasant to the taste.
"The t,. 1 i. to be congratulated upon securing good
artesian water. It is something that many western
towns and -cities would give millions for and can
never hope I.. ,:.l-it iii In Florida fine water seems
to be i -a'.i_-" a little below the surface, for all who
seek it.

"S. A. H'inely is making preparations to enter
the sawmill business," says the Suwannee Citizen,
published at Live Oak. "His mill will be located
ne i- Falm.n .ub i :-r r. 1 has timber 'aough to

When Old Black Joe was just Fa t-:-.
So happy, and so free.,

When Old Black Joe was young ar.. -a',
So many years ago.
With the pickaninnies he
Danced galy to and fro.
In the evening when the South.:.n mni.- .n
O'er the cotton fields was hung
They were happy-oh, so happy
When Old Black Joe was youn&.

The old plantatics's changed sirne, tihen-
The old folks gone away.
But the old man sits a-dreamir.g of
A well remembereC day.
A day when he was happy while
They laughed and danced and 'ung-
'Twas many long long years ago
When Old Black Joe was '.:.uirg.

" r..r; : r i. ,ri il -p a i. ,i : ir tr .: r I t, main
I uli A l i i ll ,, t .- .. : r' .' I.. 1 ft I llh an
, ,' i ,, l *l i T| in t Ir ,.-. r.. .. .:. i r,, a a lt
ii"tr ': ;-i, n rI i ni.. rtr '. r ,-,,. .i i' .. i rced
:n.: r .-t T r r ir.an r i .- it r-., r a.ll- fire-
.i',t,',: :i ', r m, ,-,,J,: lii n.tr, i..l it .: r r,,l r.. . n i lt in g
=:':" t'. h, ; Ii r,, i r, =t . l,',i
T II I'. l l H .I ,4 [ l '.; rI i itl. r- .Iare li fact
LI t lt.'- irtl.-. .. i1 5 p 1 .1lm t i L-v l'r:,m the
1'.1.: : ri l ,,rn i I'.. Iln .: ,:in L._ i I .'I d -- la :cess-
f'ill r, ti E l i ,: i;_ t' h r. : ,l'n 1n.Milions
S i .. I r : l .1 i r r '1 = tr, t :r,'.[,*. .'.. ,': & i, y e t
rl ,- c,: i i ,., ,: F_ I .. f2 i .., he y i ; :'t c losing
S i SI 1 11 i' n- ,i, r, a t .., -. ril. the
f .-'i,. .1 . : ii1 ... i i ,.: r, r 1. ., .i.- l in g s
1.1ti ir i i .: h Aa- .. r.. I i i: .[ tr, orida
ac rr:li, T r Trn.: ..i. '._ tEc. .:r.,r. ,:.f 1:1 ,, w as
k .,r ,ti 1 r: . -i Ti ,..- r.:. -i-,e 1- i, lha..t] l,j tiILhout
t "ing i iat Iri. h ..r t- ,..,' : n. :c :ot i- v:, i' I n thin
-ii I'I ut ti i. r.rIii t 1 - D i ing ti- - c i r I'll- 7 i i t'
F, ,-t '..t .: [ h 'ai l 1 r l l' .iii .'. r l' ; rr.n- andr
nia I: '.-' .1 I I .rat .' t r.j tl',h H e rald g E v :I'- r : n, r
'_=uri - i:. I, i 1 .= a '.:'. -n.-l, .- t ri tt le I--
tl, -i n 1 ri i i .:. r. i : -.' .n i .' i. i .:.ti i '- i 1, 1 -.
r.n r -. r- .- .:u t.: t .. .: i-ul r -.. r iL l : af


.- l1.:trL-,ri i1 a,;-i F'.'n-\atri un ii fi-.: .
'il.- ',-,,i r.. l ri -ti. 1t La ..- -: lt, i it.:.I I a1ir., : rit
,i A. ri a ] .1't. 31A.: OId in3 I,', i T : "W 1 ,'1 H 11h1 inkr"It .
- i .,j nI r. .i a ir all ill i,,- lili :r[t.- -.i c:.n Tli,?-
rjrnh. .A n r' .: ite 'ol.n, l ho,''vi irr-.r.l .v-m nr- t.
Thire- ; ..ui r -n, 1',.= nI wa s o ilin ..i f [j.:. rri;lt th'r dr-"

Ge n. rai :.:.h S. iioxe:. announ:if that he w.r;ll run
fr.-r t,."n'lt- Jadla. .b Is pr grals ng- Tihe la't time .re-
hb.ard of h;m he 0.alking--Naslivili c Banner.
i.n ire J -ia. .i: ia z ithh fi. L n ,:r .:. d r. F .ra s'iv.: I I- .' i -
Ia.: ', It r I i E- t .l', I lin' : rn.it .:t n in ..n rr I

7Ii A V, II 13 I'-' : 3 .ll' r i3. i l r, = : Il I: L .
.:.:d. n t t I r 'l:. ni rr Aro r:t r.iIi : a t liat their lradjc.
I.- I--t:i L. ru nll ''1 Tl; ar 'z t ini- w a It it I,0e-3. E '.':ry
, I.:,l eA.n cA:I j .1 l i.& a G E rma1 n _,11 r linir g for o.- -
T-,.l., -'a A.u .'t Cl .i ci.c1 .. k .. -i l e trc-ubol i.. i.he-.
i.:.n'i n)1r, h.'r he g .:.em rren r t can pui it hand-
iA n t l ii' : p ,: ,: Ik .. t t ri. ,: p f.,' fl :. r t h n '.
parlor te gil c-,n' a r rtpoited id-a r ..-
:n' ;rrr. . r.3 r. n t I nr d i."n. <- As

r. jL r I. r t i i r .' .I L, :., I -... ir I. : .:.u ] .i l
1,. t [ i lr e h i.,: i i a th re a e .: i r -a:i
domii l'l. l.r,. tel wh |! i p er y or: n L L, Lito :OL|[.
i I:.,h i.rn 3[:.r . : i t c ai r H i ll i -
... .. o.s. '. t il's i u i r '.:.r n.:-ni; i ttr'_. i

ii,: i- .ill, .T .itirn i a .l Ta t.une a -,' : -r,.
re- W e : J:hn r t ll i. a.n't tr,- n.'i nm -re ni- ri ,3.%-,-
t':o k.e- i.: t r ol i r' : i I. ,s t L r.- r is ii m 1t in 'i-.'.- tI.:.t
i I.. I '.:.I l | I-'- I Ii .Z': t hi ri a i .:. in ,r ." T i .- E i r t -
- i1, = I 1 :. 't r ij inr : s t.. .:. L: A. I-
r ,... i l.:.e i 1 .. r a . :.o. ir.rv.:.g. T i
r r ',. l ii t :-~. '.:He r u e a t e i -. e ' r :. [' m n 11 .. h
.il no:t i t rhrl--B .:_ t i th fr. a'.l

T i. N ,.:I t'I,: NiI: -; Irc ri n r. P ;l.:r .i:a. Ia' AII r A r ,I r -
.. lll l u c- .i bl: b.' Se.: i t Gld S? Li ,r., a:
tle r 'fo: -,:.l ,, t I l c f nt r ri irn 'aii -rt .'. I t
S j _:., i :., :.. uiid. ,uY it ; t 1I-. I- .:,.:l r. i t ts r t,-
i ; n r .:.r I -,-- ti ,3r .:lh t. ti 1i 'I 3 i e r .. in i n af- r 1 t .n -
,, ni1111 r . : i'l n th > .. C .:. .- i E: '. t
n..e it na l r l 't rs..i in i L i na to Il vw an re -

o. 1 :.rC i .o r ii e ,.j i. PF .n-:Ahie 'Ir. f Ir i c-in n

,, \ ,- [ :;r li t .:n itar r ;. ', : ' d n.-a,- a.o ii e
oii n. D<..' 'illhon a l-.: d L.o.rd i.:, .li it L a r n-.,--
:'' [',' Er l'n.- .::orLniie al" ing [or '.*: u ,nt e-r?.
.it Ltile d.st-i nc it Iacp- arI hait -he i5s t. ir, o
': loig I..:au lhrl' l u 1id. h ondeds ti:oi 'Iar-i t- :
ahlc--odie,-d mn n who ensi ts,:, ba d eaf tc.: all mtne pr, -
viou c3il-_O And ,eth ih f Great Britain ha realII
r la-r-_ i,"-f"ur" njIil I I n:I, m ai iI:ia'-In d s e -wi1 n .a e to
r.,I.. t i W .:radle an. th e_ g oarae ue tt mr.re. In pro-
p o i t ;.: ,n I -) p .: l u iau d t I:, I t P U n L =d iS t t ,- _: "' *' ) ,: u I. I '. ,
hI a'Ir: B nine side a hUIti ran' llc.n rnn to b: ain -doa ll..




I n tir l 1. -r.i f .:. C: v. 0 r . f. i n, .: .:n .. A ki l. -

Although the engagement is made in t'n, &j ,i
parlor the girl can't 1-eep it dark.

Vers libre is great stuff, as the reader ,:arn -;, s-
dom tell whether it's poetry or not.

When a man plunges into matrimony h- hn I1;:-
he is reaching heaven at a single bound.
The spooning, couple in'the parlor can h.'.. ..1..l
other's hands but they can't hold the clock .

Of course a girl's face is her fortune-d,:,in i. :hi
spend a fortune'on it in the way of cosmetic?.: .t, ?

When a man gets a raise at the office h_ cin :-,-
dom keep it from Irhis wife-that is, the inftc.I r r.:.n-
and, well, the raise too.


A little loving
Here and there
And wifey dear
Will pull your hair.


Stenographer--Boss, I want a raise.
Boss-How much of a raise, Gladys?
Stenographer-Oh-er-enough for pin mn.., -I
need a dfew clothes.
Boss-Oh, I see-pin 'feathers for a chickh n-lic.-'
where I get stuck.

"She has such liquid tones."
"She sings too low-I can't hear her."
"You can't?"
"No-I think her liquid tones must ic'rn ii'
voice. '

The old man sits a-dreaming

When the darkies used to gath
Beside the cabin door.
In the evening by the moonlight,
They were happy as could b.:

T I ." F r r. r re : '- id t.-. :r.,:5i : .-._r" tl. .. rn .. T Icoper-
.-, th ,t r i r-r1 : L .h L i' rr.i :,, i h ria t en -
,a'a r ii n ,in ui- t -Ti..-, .: l .: H.,l Tim- In t"e
.ji ''.' n T.:.r i. t' r 7 ..jnl i3 :.-in -i i : i r- ?
Putt- Mn. r

r .h- l ,u. i[ ..-'.- .. F-- r r i l.a l . i.- _',l'P in] t 151 -
T r. Lr3. .l I L -. 1- T, i it i ,- ri i t n i e a t 's

a erl r;P P itt -r.u r .i P ,.: .

M-', i .-" .._r' t .: F ,."',i '., :drl,. h' .. ,:ieil a to
r j r. n .t t !t .' i, ;n -: 1r u t tl: i t -ri 3 a t t.ai-,

ru II r t l irr:: -. i : .:. r. n r r.-
n.:.uni:" -- EAi'i.h n I.' n r r

T h -t f ,N V -,, ,' ,.h.:. l; r. L -a r.: a t 3
s ..te r. I.-1 i ._ 0 1.-. .l i T t r I* i i ,O, : i -
C-C. tl. .1 r ., ,, 1: I. 1 :l.l l. I l", :r ,'l ., I. I3
n o t .i lrr.: i 'tIl l :.1 J.r 'Art r anih n
. n _r. -i ", i, i.- rt i 'u I ,ri tt_ '.!
n %r 5r-rineg.- t PEl- L ;I zhU I Irid j.i- nwl. P. ..

I I _

<>>O <>O<>OOOO< ,:> Q O O

Says the Jacksonville Times-Union: "Mr. Von L.
Meyer, formerly secretary of the navy, says that what
our navy needs most is a brain." Well, the Hon.
Meyer ought to know from sad experience, if nothing
more.-Wilmington Star.
We hope the war tax gatherers will soak thie ,-di-
torial writer on the Florida Times-Unionr .id it
that doesn't squelch him we hope he'll l-e mae.i
chief cook for the biggest company in the tI'-st .I.,-
bama if we should ever havr a war.-Montgomery

The Jacksonville Times-Union, in -,,tna.-nlri, u,,?n
the Press' statements regarding i!r ill ii'rpa-..'l
trucking possibilities of this region. .- i- "F1.1i.Il
is at present furnishing a good p-.-u ,:ir.i .- of ih,.
luxuries for the country and her til:.ri, .: ,et' i.ies
--f land a- v-.t -iri-u.:i 1..:.1 1.:- 1.: i' rinu. -r..-w il
.,: .,1 :.' L. furrn rnr. o -' r.. I.:L r.f illiLnt a t for
' -p:"':-' f i tre L'l.:. .-at. "- F.:.r' i-:, Fi n ,s.

The i ,la i' tar I. i l lIr il t -.r, i- t ", -h.:.uli]
-' ] I r .l Ir t- it i ( .hi,. L I 11[ I l. I i.-
'- I -: ii i rI-. C.f- t ihei. At

S i L. t h t i ,i r, ,.i i : ,-' [ l ,: .t i ll .'.

SI1 1 "i . h ".. .., i:, ii- r. 1i l. '.. t.-.. .a, nlsi- .
Tiri, : nIfr- r . N T' I *"n l n" ". 'i [h ttIln TiTIE-
i-n' i.:n.. l t n 1.t r.r,:. r.;. i r. i h ri na l ll'.', -:.ni l[ted
I,', a. r' o .,,' 1 ,: i .:. n T h ,. i, : pi n.ruld '.o
t,.. '- -v.ia Star

B- 1: r [,,i" .[I . 1 t i :hr t .- ,r.m,? O:f the read-
' r :r' l -i J i-., riC a, rr d T l'iib n r i,: w h'-.at .: s aid
by tii Tin..--Uhi ,_n. v:: nEr, o.t',r "t .r- l Ingth
fr:'i -n.'at tint r p-,D:' a:;'., e'on-:-rn,.nr i'ft, r-r-nt con-
.-lri:.-Ls: it i true th. ait t- r.'.nrr rE.: rat.: vute given
Wio.:.drow Wi-'on a.o:uld niot hasv- Iad.? him president
biit i ror a ii vi.-con .:.' th'- e-ni-, r. r -trength, is it not
-:.:.u n .ole:.' ti. c.-iir it ihe -.:-m.- r t di so m uir
for him" On th. v to-ntr,-r.', wv:oulii thi di'.'-i- n of. the
.- r,,1h.ir n ipa-irt-, ha' ., l- .i hornl' \r lithio .- 'j ---
-'.. n..: ra. . N.: r '. ai .Iil1 tre Ft pubtll.t san
,: irt e P :. .. _- a .Jri- i ..I T e.- rril: fsi._a rn la n
-II'l ,h r..-. i r..'." i dC.liit, L t.. if thins; apiure ;
i, :, p 1 :, r,,-.: 1l. ; li I r. II r .- n -, c r t i.: a I n,' Yr [..
l0 .: nll Ire. nl'.ii .. ...i o i. n ar., r. nI,--iilbli i-i
r,.s r.:. rn .- '...' .::'-I.: r ..', ill.. Jo:-urn'! arnd
T. ,burn:.

0 0

JE rh,'-_ I'11i.'. h iirh. c1 L:. H ll. u.'- rz huni nt

H, i h n.:. I nr.oa L r:. ri't r i .: tI. n -tain. .-n -air-
liz ly t a rn

E u i z ne i. i ii'.-h- ,'n iIn -l,,i" .i r ''. I'II':'! r, nu ;,i - a ,
'n r '. *I i',en ld h ( La[ h-,:,,I i n I['l tit l : t,:-.3 E t'.
ri'-l .irhanr .- I ,h. a -: 'hgii d mJ I. t ru .l'- _- ;- ,,r i .iat
i,:,ha. r,- ,:,rt r, th a t l Lw p.,, ri h a: a n ,i:,?t l .l -l ii
,n, ,-,,nr[diri.:,n ,` tha =t rc tl,:,.', an-tl tli t thII ^ ['.**n- rs
al r ,m-1,:i'.'n -, rin. r :'1 [,:r [ ,'ll n pr,-,d u ets.- ForE
' i-, ta-i-st Situ
My-ls PrW2

Tw ,, ha 'h- l M L -/ t.:. .tt 1 t,.l 1[ lfth a lrge
rl ih i ,- l1 a _. i ii r .l.t u i 1 -.A r r.n ,-: I 1 ,"- l, 1 .:.:.-rol,, i. cdE
r r, t i .: :i |.: r t: i- i- .. 1 1 Irl Ii I- I t n e -II iT iI.,
1'- 11 1 I .b ,11r ",[11 I I I '-.: s V. i h ,_.. U p.: [, 1.1[ 1, tin:!F ]" p li-
l li n the: 1 i ,- I i t'. I- ,:. r,t t- r a-i or
Irul up i .r i- iEin ._I 't i -.:j T ,.. i .t,: r it r 1,iaihily

ui-- ni ut a t."- ni rr-r.t ,-,
('rar t.' P l -, o l olf ., o
l-I ." r 1i i, r i : i .,, ri- o : . j :l. u di .
ir -.- la, r- irn ii r-in.ii tdkc a .'. i t oi -l n in. arn
r,:-,,J of ,t:,t nih a nr n r. I ,: E ", tId 'has b.-:a n
S h, r i.1 for o rtninMar? ,i. t a. I. l- I -t j oi O aJe her
r i3r r t' >, l: ro w 1M l .1 -,.au :. l ,- ,,a her condh-
L i ,.,n -: I - t' r -: u r y T _o n e -.

Ci.'tri. BitR -... -: h_"0 s cau ht all kinds of
I-1 f r..rh i .,r: .- r_ t i.. ii u li j, .uit i -v r b at neen
al. i. l n 1i i t 'r:e i- to.: at.i !, Oti. fL [hl sil-eT.r kin
n irp.n He w' 3 ili' i' .:.:l,, r m e WTh;tney, dck
v,,n Ibe g.:3t 3 'trlk,. .imhl, a lnret rnUim bu :.' and he
heirl:. had a rit h rn he h-d iled th- i'h irt and
o-.i nd tll'h no h iad rh.:..,:,':ik d a arpr,' The tish was a.'
sinmall ,.'n. only ,:: hiic, forpt rowind', but it wap
1. n u n f:.r 0 it I-. a.- it w nT h .s rrs t at .-,f


'L-n ti"ue U.'w wati.'.r. :.rlk station i. 'ompleted ,
-- ti. in .- t.ij i "r., ri 'iaCi tini. t ",' i tn '.:l' I and w ork in g .
Tirr..:.n rpr;ri r. Il hI ,:- % .,n, .-. tr.: INC ot pumping
-itar,.I .r n Inr e i tali.-Tarr.-n rin s P Corugres.ivei.

B'i- 9m';: 'n th.- h _r.:.un.1 for a 1businet s house
I:1. ti' )[,-,-_',r r-,f E: ,',.-1-; I t ...' ii.; roEut,)ffaIc,', to
I'- .- -i, ,'i I. E P. i ': "ll. lru a- a -, a :ne-ral m ercan-
i l J. iM. Z M,._cor'n.ik mthe builder.-Ta-
--'-r H i-s ral.

T1.11 .a .3 l ,- H r,r r %.f Fi.:. .Ja', -v. a!tl tarnd r.ro?-
...' ,"; ',,' :. : '.ir -to _1 t.:, tl-'i o k th'.t h I or :- cle'a r
Hi- i .' ii. !' al. ri.ntin ac iturr d in th;- City, than
; i H -.,'anr 'r.j .i, .or in ill [th rr .t -:.f the United
jYt ,'s o: ,:,m nib m id I t O n '_ t h e ,- rnt'- r ,:,o th e : p h o s -
pha. i,,rlh-,r ,.r -.3 '.i t re-= in.austries., citru
riailt %i n vi'.,- -I 1.: r-.:. intr arnd ir-e ideal .: .Itrue i.' ri t h:. s. nd rii ,: i nr iii.:.nev and winters
|D S.i:nj Fl.r...] .- Tarnio Tti nn.-

T. F lI-i --. C ih r.. n-a? in lthe city Tuesday
n.i his ,.i --" ? t: I-- II t H ; *:,, ,'?-. ri-. told us that
h ,?e ij !lia,, t :.:,,.. ,r',[r. trhtl\ s, t- r ,:,f -,rn. potatoes
-. n" i. I l r : :l'i ,:, tru e n .tt r ,-ill! abO lt 275
i l.,11 ,riii t1 ,- t c.r; .:.f as 3 -:r.-. O f the lat-
to-e , l 1. .it .- a quai ita;. i.-.tr 'al'e, and c."
t- .,i l. i 1 ', i .- iI vou.ch-i a l bine- ve-: r;iie. for he
i ai -.nr:nil .'if it ic ,i u .-a nd -w know good
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Continued (rom Page One

from the. very beginning of this ses-
sion upon those measures which
have to do with finances or in
which finances are involved."
"I said two years ago," he con-
tinued, "that the state of Florida
did not need any new or additional
sources of revenue. Notwithstanding
the loss of revenue that will inevit-
ably follow adoption of the home-
stead exemption amendment, that
statement still holds good. The state
can get along fine without any new
revenue except that which natural-
ly follows licensing of the sale of
liquor. It is purely a matter of
collection and allocation."
He urged early passage of the
general appropriations bill and
recommended it be passed substan-
tially as prepared by the budge
commission, composed of the gover
nor and his cabinet.
Declaring "we are prohibited un
der our constitution from making
direct appropriations for welfare
or relief," Governor Sholtz urged th
special appropriation for state build-
ings, and said labor would be fur-
nished from the FERA relief rolls.
"I believe that our appropriation
will be considered by the federal
government as a matching of funds.
In my opinion, it will be possible to
makieUttch an appiopristion from
increased revenues in the general
revenue fund."
Harry L. Hopkins, federal relief
administrator, said last week that
Florida would be expected to put up
$250.000 monthly as Its contribution
toward continued federal relief
grants, but the governor did not re-
fer to such an amount In his mes-
"According to our constitution," he
said, "welfare or relief is a re-
sponcibilitv of the respective coun-
tie.s. Howre.er. with depleted funds
reu!tini from the adoption of the
homestead exemption amendment
that is a burden the counties cannot
be expected to assume at this time.
"The national administration has
been kind to Florida, and certainly
has .helped Florida get off to a
good start. We should never be un-
mindful of that spirit of coopera-
tion so clearly demonstrated by the
federal government, but at the same
time for us to get back on our feet
by first setting our house in order.
It is time to quit the constant
raiding of the state and federal
treasuries and Florida certainly can
help set the pace for the rest of the
country in cooperating, with our
great president in stabilizing condi-
tions for our people.
"There is no reason why Florida,
with careful planning, cannot stand
on its own feet. The back of the de-
pression has undoubtedly been
"The new conditions that are be-
ginning to prevail in Florida neces--
sitate the use of good, old-fashioned
common sense and extreem caution,
as well as even a greater exercise of
prudence .and good judgment. Let
us guard against any increase In the
burdens of taxation, for the people
of Florida desire an efficient and
Economical govw i nnm-nt "
He appealed to the legislature to
inish its work in the allotted 60-day
regular session.
"If the eioith of the ctate and
increase in the tolnume of business
requires a longer sr'sion than 60)
days, let's amend the constitution,
but in the absence of sUCi an
amendment let the legislature and
the chief executive of the people set
a good example by livin' up to the
spirit and the letter of the constitu-
tion we are sworn to uphold. Any
special session following a reriular
session would be an in aSion of the
spirit of the con-titutiorn."
"The people of thle state are In
no mood to couinreinPnce vith com-n
placency the expenditure of ap-
proximately four trioui.-rd dollars a
day for an extra sesijon."
The governor declared his admin-
istration had accomplished a bal-
ancing of the state budget, and that
a deficit of $2.125.000 on July 1.
1934, had been vr iped out and that
there was a sui plus of $591.000 of
funds on June 30. 1934.
"It is indeed fratifying." he said.
"that with a balanced budget, the
state of Florida ir now., on a paiv-a-
we-go basis."
In later mesznges. the governor
said, he will "deal wiith suh ,nat-
ters as security and sonuai welfare
legislation, syniicalis'm aind com-
munism, local co-,n-olh.ictton, cl uii .
and county consolidations, cities.
highways, state highway patrol.
workmen's compensatir:n. state plan-
ning board, unemployment, insur-

ance, old age pensions, highway
truck legislation, reforestation and
other subjects.
"MNin of these matters are of
major importance to the state, but
as I have said before the first es-
sential of government, is finances
with which to operate and I am
urging up to gihe your first con-
sideration to these essentials."
The governor reported that, up to
March 1. this state had received
$54,130,419 in federal funds without
being required to match any of it.
This includes the civil works pro-
gram last year, the relief program,
education, transients and other spe-
cial programs.
The homestead tax exemption
amendment, the governor said. "has
left a necessity for clarification." He
did not elaborate this. On other con-
stitutional am.-ndment q v"ed last
year, he merely called attention to
Legislative Officers
And Attaches Named
TALLAHASSEE, Fla.. April 2-
()--Officers and elected attaches of
the 1935 legislature, nominated in
house and senate caucuses, and
formally elected today are:
President, W. C. Hodges of Tal-
President pro-tem, Henry 0.
Murphy of Zolfo Springs.
Secretary, Robert W. Davis of
Sergeant, J. W. Kelly of Li'e Oak.
Reading clerk,. Kate Inman of
Tallahassee; assistant, Ray Y. Wal-
den of Summerfield.
Speaker. W. B. Bishop of Jeffer-
son count v.
Speaker pro tern, Harry N. Sand-
ier of Hillsoorough county.
Chief clerk, Wildon G. Starry of
Assistant. chief clerk. Emma Se-
chre-t Smith of Jacksonville.
Bill clerk, Mrs. W. R. Dorman ol
Ln,:e City.
SeiL.eant, Narthan Jones of Jack-
Lor viile.
Doorkeeper. Ollie Jovner of Sara-
4ota: assistant, Don Tompkins of
Reading clerk, Herman Edwards
of Gadsden county: assistant,
George Inman of Bradford county.
Encro-ming clerk, Richard Ervin
of Pnlatka.
Enrolling clerk. Mrs. Anna Bond
Cornell of Monticello.
Messenger, Holmes Allen of MI-
Chaplain. Monroe Simmons of
Santa Ro-a.
Cliap.ini. Rev. Gerald Culberson,
TaI ia-sh.e.
A-iNstant bill secretary, Sally
Fuitcin, T.illahascee
Stenographers. L. C. Wadsworth,
Liue Oak: Airs. N. E. Tigrett, West
Palm Beach: Margaret Murplhree,
DeiFunm.k Springs; Mrs. Edith Cox,
Pa: es, Ray L. Hendricks, Jr.,
Lakeland: Hoyt Mann, Lake Butler;
Olin G. Shivers. Jr.. Chlpley.
Doorkeeper, NT. Wall. Lake Wales.
Bill messenger, Bill Lundy, Mil-
Mailing secretary, A. K. Powers,
A-:i tant mailing secretary, W. L.
Co.at;,. Ft. Pierce.
Engr-rtng secretary, Edward R.
Ha',:; Alaplachicola.
Enlolling secretary, Mrs. Ida 4
Stephens, Miami '
Po'-tmainter, Lo)uis E. Barbee,
Assis-tant Ferrgeant-at-arms, Ju-
hlan P. Turner, Cedar Key.


IMessage Also Voices

Strong Opposition to

State Liquor Stores

Would Provide $10,500,000 for Public Schools With
Help of Gas Tax and Sales Tax; Urges Free "
Books for All Children

Governor Sholtz' Message at a Glance .

TALLAH'ASSEE, Fla., April 2-UP)-Governor Sholtz
today asked the 25th biennial legislature to:
Appropriate $10,500,000 for public schools by re-allo-
cating gasoline taxes now used to retire county bonds,
or enacting a tluhee per cent general sales tax.
License private business to handle liquor instead of
having a state dispensary system.
Provide free textbooks for all school children.
Reduce automobile license charges to a flat $5 and
Eliminate state-purpose ad valorem taxes on real
estate except the one mill for schools required by the
constitution. '
Re-enact the gasoline tax of seven cents.a.gali-' if
three cents to schools, three cents to-the sta f'r-a-d de-'d'
apartment, and one cent to general state expenses. ;
Appropriate $8,698,637.26 annually for operating the
state government.
Appropriate $1,000,000 for a -special building pro-
gram at state institutions as Florida's contribution
toward unemployment relief.
Clarify the homestead tax exemption amendment.
Guard "against any increase in the burdens of taxa-1
Finish its work in the regular session of 60 days so
that a special session will not be necessary.

TALLAHASSEE, Fla., April 2-UP)-Governor Dave
Sholtz today asked the 1935 legislature to give the public
schools $10,500,000 a year either through gasoline taxes
or a three per cent sales tax, and to license private busi-
ness to handle liquor.
His first message to the 1935 session, delivered before
a joint meeting of the house and senate, fairly bristled
with opposition to a state dispensary system for liquor,
legalized last year when prohibition was repealed. He
proposed a gallonage tax on intoxicants to provide state
revenue estimated at $2,000,000 a year.
Reference to a sales tax. which
the governor labeled a "general industry through licensed vendors.
commodity emergency tax,"was "Let us eliminate as far as pos-
made as he pointed to such a sible once and for all the illegal
course as an alternative to giving operator comomnly known as the
the schools $7,000.000 In gasoline bootlegger.
tax revenue now ised0 annually to "It is my opinion that by an
retire county bonds. Firstli he sug- adequate control bill, with state
tested reallocation of the gas tax. license fees and a gallonage tax on
but said it was not his Intention all spirits, Florida will collect a
to make this an issue. "As a dn a-larger profit, from the industry and
ternative," he declared, "there might traffic at partially slight cost to
be levied a general commodity the state. If the state endeavored to
emergency tax of three per cent."
He estimated such a tax -would go into the business, it would be
necessary to lease, equip, and man
produce $7.000.000 annually hundreds of stores. Such an under-
This wate only reference the taking would require an Investment
Tis was the only reference the n which the state cannot finance. It
governor made to the so-called sales would open up avenues for losses
tax in a message reporting on the andleaks which the state could not,
state's financial condition. In ad- control.
edition to school and liquor legisla- oFuntrdaentall. I do not believe
I. Relief of real estate from ad and have never felt that the state
valorem taxes for state purposes, gm in ants businessmen -
except the one mill for schools re- ing n private business.
quired by the constitution. The pres- OPPOSES SALOON
ent state levy is 6 5-8 mills. Liquor "I am utterly opposed to the re-
and beer revenue, he said, could be turn of the saloon."
used to replace the real estate tax. Increased state financing of
2. Appropriation of $8.698,637.26 schools, the governor said, was made
annually for operating the state gen- necessary by loss in county school
eral government, Including courts revenue through adoption of the
and institutions during the next homestead tax exemption amend-
two years. This would be an In- meant last year. This loss, he said,
crease of about per cent 1 per cent over the "cannot well be made up by the
1933 appropriations. counties, which will experience the
LOWER AUTO TAGS same financial difficulties," In their
3. Reduction of automobile license other funds. "Accordingly, I am will-
tag prices to a flat $5 and $10 scale. It that the state contribute to the
according to weight of the car. At schools in this emergency to the .
ire:enrh the mtes range mostly up- limit of its ability." Last year, the
ward from $10. state gave the schools $5.500,000. t
4. Appropriation of .I.l000,000 as a Proposing the $10,500,000 appropri-
special fund for improvements at action, the governor said It could be
state institutions, which would be provided by the three cents gasoline
in the nature of a state contribu- tax nov used for county bonds, by
tion toward unemployment relief. $5 and $10 license taxes on auto-
e 5. Free text-hooks for students In mobiles estimated to raise $3,500,000
all rad? including high school. annually, and by the one-mill ad
About $500,000 a year would be re- valoreum tax on real estate, which,
quired, with funds now on hand, would pro-
6. Re-enactment of the one-cent duce $500.000.
a gallon gasoline tax for the state TEXT BOOK COSTS
general revenue fund. and continued Free text-books for all grades were
t allocation of receipts from three estimated to cost $500.000.
cents of the gas tax to the road de- It, is rot my intention," the gov-
rparinent. ernor said. "to nmake the temporary
S"With these measures disposed re-allocation of the 3 cento gas tax
of," he said. "we will be assured of from bonds to schools an issue with
a balanced budget for the next blen- the legislature, x x x As an alterna-
nium." He asked consideration of tive, there might be levied a gen-
this program l head of other legis- eral commodity emergency tax of
lattenri. three per cent for the benefit of
GallerIles of the house chamber school operations, which would yield
were pacl:ed to capacity and all approximately the same amount as
standing room was occupied b:.' the three cents gas tax.
spectators as the governor wb-s "It is up to the legislature in its
escorted to the speaks "-n platform wisdom to choose between these two
hb:,' a o.mnmitte of aters and options or suggest a better way to
hi repre-ent.tives. nro', ide the. finds required In pass-
LIQUOR LEGISLATION i_.l, I might suggest that if the
On liquor Ir-cis nation. Governor three cent- gas tax now allocated to
Sliholtz' prepared message readi counties for bond service should be
"There are two main avenlieS open transferred to the schools, it might
to the legislature in the enactment be done under an exiting emer-
of liquor laws, naumel3', the license gene" for a period of two years
system and the state control sys- without repealing the present law,
tern. commr.nlv known as the state which would remain in full force
dispensarv system, and effect after the two-year
"I would point out to you. first. period.
that. the state is In no financial WOULD RELIEVE EMERGENCY
condition to embark In such a "In this manner, the schools would
treacherous and hazardous business be relieved of the emergency arising
;as the liquor business,. ard second, from the passage of the homestead
that mv investigation of other statC? tax exemption amendment. It is time
which have unwisely cone into the to place the schools once and for

business; disclosed that in minv in- all on a sound financial basis."
stances it had created new fields Describing finances with which to
for raft and corruption. operate as the "first essential of
"Certainly It appears that the government," Governor Sholtz asked
profits are not In line with the the legislature to "center Its efforts
revenue derived by states that levied
a gallonage tax and controlled the (Turn to Page Eight, please)


such purchases". |
Paul E. Reinhold. well know
Jak:sonville citizen, exten-sivelv ir-
tere-ted In dairy product', follow-
fng a business visit to New York,
is greeting friends. in Washington,
Mi-s Eleanor Herring of Sanford.
daughter of the late Judge Georee
C. Herring of Semlnole County. is
spending this week here, visiting
Mrs. Dorothy Anderson Goddard
of Tampa Is I. WashinErton for the
week, en route to New York. Last
October. Mrs. Goddard represented
the Tampa Chamber of Commerce.
on a good will tour of Mexico. Cen-
tral America and South America
and expects to make a similar tour
for the same organization, next
month. .

O)enuty Says Judge

Helped to Subdue

Would-Be Visitor

TARMPA, April 2. I."P--W. C
Crumbley, deputy United States
marshal, said today Federal Judge
Alexander Akerman had used his
fists in subduing an irate man seek-
ing to force entrance into the
Judge's chambers.
The incident. Crumbley said, oc-
curred at Orlando yesterday when
Harry J Holton, World War veteran
bringing suit against the Govern-
ment in a war risk case, attacked
Deputy Marshal George F. Morse,
as the latter attempted to restrain
The deputy said Holton attacked
Morse with a cane and seized him
by the throat. Morse, Crumbley
added, was getting the worse of
the battle when Judge Akerman
sprang to separate the struggling
Turning on the judge. continued
CnrmbJle, Holton caught him by
the throat and tore several buttons
from his coat.
Judge Akerman wrestled free and
landed two rights to\Holton's chin.
ending the battle. Crumbley related
in a report to United States Mar-
shal Guy C. Reeve.
Holton was held for contempt of
court. A hearing was set for tomor-
row morning at Orlando.

Rainfall Relieves

Extended Drouth

In Miami Sector

MIAMI, April 2, (JP)-Rain fell to..
night, breaking a drouth that gave
Miami the driest Winter in Weathe-
Bureau history.
The Bureau said 1.82 inches dee
scended during December, January
February and March, as compared
with the area's normal rainfaUi of
8.21 for the four-month period.
Approximately a half-inch of rain
fee during the early evenlng,.,and
the Bureau said there were idi--
tions additional could be expec tee
before morning.

Record Berry Crop for
Raiford Area Indicated

Special to Times-Union.
RAIFORD, April 2-With Increas-
ing warm weather, the strawberry
crop in this vicinity may reach a
new high mark for production,
growers said today. Ore of the best
crops of strawberries raised here in
many years is being harvested by
local 'growers.
Prices ranging frpm 22 to 36 cents
a quart in pint crates, have been
received by the growers

.Improvements Are Under
Way on Arsenal Property

Special to Times-Union.
ST. A GUSTINE, April 2 -Work
is in progress on the State Arsenal
property, where the parade ground
is being filled in and beautified
The fill will bring the parade
ground to the level of the 4ea wall
The old English cannon, which
for years have beerf buried as foun-
dations to which the flag pole was
connected and supported are being
excavated. They will be mounted
and placed along the sea wall, in
water battery formation.

New Officials

A re Chosen By

Commerce Body

North Carolinian Heads
Secretaries; Meet Next in
Little Rock.

OCALA, April 2. i.-P.j--Little Rock.
Ark., will be the next meeruig place
of the Southern Commercial Secre-
taries Association and W. 'Gran%
Gakirns of Gaslonia. N. C, is the
nev. president.
Also elected at toda's closing ses-
sion of the alintial convention 'Lere
W. R.t- Ulrnch, Atlanta. ice piesi-
dent; Stanley Diaper, Oklanoma
City. secretary-treasurer; and the
followmg State lice presidents: Ala-
bama, Charles Varne. Annimston;
Arkansas, Dudley, Haddock. Little
ock; Florida, Horace Smith. Oca-
1; Georgia, L. S. Moosy, Augusta;
entuck/,. Frank Shaffer. Rich-
o d; Lodiiana, Samo McCleary,
lornroe; t ,i-'iii ppi. B. C. Cox.
..uiport; Nortri Cga roin1na. WViiiri
;is1', Nlorgantoi n. Oklanon,,.
'oode-,. Tulsa; SoLutn Car-
..e Fe'vell. Rock Hsil; Ten-
o'n Harvey, Jack:on: Tex-
s, at9 Bryant, Temple; and
irginia, A. A. Booth, Danille.
Following the close ofr the con-
ention, the delegates left for a tour
;- Folrda. They were to be guests
t dinner in DeLand tonight and to
end the night at Sanford.
Members of the Florida State
onmmr:rciai Secretaries Association
)ted to hold thEir annual conven-
on inr Sanfori the last week In
lav. Chairles, W. Chase Sr.. of Mi-
ni. presildent of the State associa-
tion. p'e-ided o',er the session held
niet-, i connectctir wLth tile con-
vention of the Soitrerri Conmmercial
Secret .rles, Az.-or.iation.

Aged Woman

Is Killed in

Tampa Crash

TAMPA. April 2, iP-Mrs. Lena
Martin. 84, of St. Petersburg. was
killed today. In an automobile ac-
ciden, here in ahich two other
personi were injured.
Mrs. Martin was pinned beneath
the cai in which she was riding
when it overturned after colliding
with another automobile.
Miss Bessie Martin. net daughter,
received cuts and buses about the
face and head C. W. McQueston.
driver of, the car, received cuts.
They were discharged -from the
Tampa hospital, after receiving
All were from St. Petersourg.
W. M. Lockins, negro, driver of
the other automobile, e.scapecL in-

Farmers Are Paid

On Contracts for

Crop Adjustments

Special to Times-Union.
LAKE BUTLER, April 2-Checks
for final payment of 1934 coin-hog
contracts are being distributed in
Union County. They total S3.356.21.
The two previous payments made on
theicontracts in this courmy amount-
ed to a total of $8.527.10, according
to reports from the office of CoLi-
ty Agent L. T. Dyer.
Chec-ks for adjustment payment
on 1934 tobacco contracts are also
being issued to growers and total
$50329. Full compensation checks
for tobacco nave not been received.
however, Mr. Dyer said. To date a
total of $2.237.06 has been recened
for the tobacco signers in the coun-
Checks ate also being distributed
to cotton iarmers, for sale ot tax
exempt certificates, under the Bank-
head act. All of the checks for this
payment have not been received, but
so far $650.62 has. been issued.
Corn-hog checks and tobacco
checks for Bradioid County. it has
been announced by Mr. Dyer, are
being Oistrioited. Bradford has re-
ceived checks for corn-hog con-
tracts totaling $6.333.13 and for to-
beco $2,788.51. Baker County receiv-
I corn-hog checks to the amount
S932.62 and 412231 for tobacco

aster Sunrise

Service Planned

T Apetal to Times-Union.
ST. AUGUSTINE. April 2-LPlans
were announced today for the an-
niual Easter sunrise service to be
held tinder the direction of the
young people of the several Protest-
.ant churchlies ot the city,. The .er\ ice
is to be on Old Fort San Maarto, it
the St Augusttine Historical Soci-
ety, custodian, gives permission, as
It has in the past.
Committees to handle arrange-
ments have been appointed from
among the young people. One fea-
ture ot thle sert ice will be congre-
gational singing.

Anglers Have Good Day
Special to Tines-Union.
quartet of Winter Haven devotees
of deep sea fihing came home last

night after a 12-hour trip to Anna
Maria beach, happy in their catch
;of nearly 800 pounds of fish, which
included in addition to 700 pounds
of kinglish, a seven and a half foot
sailfish, that weighed between 75
and 90 pounds.
The Havenites included: Malcolm
Murrell. Malcolm Pope. and Mr. .and
Mrs. H W. Candy of Chicago
(f.A I'I fl IETr .I '
Under Utah', new liquor laUA. itr1I
liquor co.mml'-sioni miar test a pios-
pective State stoie employee for his
capacityy" before hiring lim.

Colonel Kay

Is to Speak

At University

"Romance of History" to Be
Subject of Jacksonville

GAINESVILLE. April] 2, i/Pi-Col.
W E. Kay. prominent Jack:sonville
attorney, will be the principal speak-
er at t1he fr.h-htrnsil convroation at
tre Untvivrsit\ of Florida. tomorrow
rornitn g.
He wviih talk on '"A Romance of
Hi, on i' ? e-I I i s[ da.' ou
the War Between the States
Dr. John J. Tielt. president of
the Universatt, wili introduce Col-
n el Kay.

Florida Solons Join to

Hear Sholtz' Speech

Continued from Preceding Page.
.)TI-rce '\oiulid n E[ t7,00:0' or le annul-
i:'. that h- ; sugge-r.,d 55 and T.10
auro license :p .oulcld bring in,
$3.500.000 annually and that the 1
mill constitutional levy and the in-
terect on school funds would net
an estimated $500.000 annually. His
recommendation also Included the
furnishing of free text books in all
grades of the schools and in that
connection he estimated that the
cost of such service would be $500,-
000 a year Free school books are
now furnished up to and including
the sixth erade of the schools, it,
was explained.
Concer-nin the change in the al-
location of the gasoline tax to the
school., the governor made it clear
that it was not his intention to
make the matter "an issue with the
Legislature Of the allocation and
the -uggcested sales tax ne declared
"It is upon the Legislature in its
wisdom to choose between the.e.
two options or suggest a better way
to piomide the lunds required"
Turning to tne quLestion of liquor
control, the governor at the outsell
said: "Theie are three essential
fundamentals that must be consid-
ered In the enactment of liquor leg-
islation. 1. Temperance; 2 Elinuna-
tion of illicit traffic in liquor; 3.
Revenue '
In nas opposition to the so-called
State disperisai, system he said.
"I would point out to you: First.
that the State is in no financial
condition to embark In such a
treacherous and Ihazardous business
as the liquor bu-sinest, anu second
that my investigation of other
States "which nave gone into the
business disclosed that in man. in-
stances it had created new fields,
for raft and corruption. . Fun-
damentally I do not believe anJ
have never felt that the State gov-
ernma nt has any business engaging
in private business. I am utterly op-
po-sed to the return of the saloon."
State Institutions.
Referring to his suggested $1,000,-
000 appropriation for construction
purposes of State institutions, the
governor pointed out that the State.
Constitution prohibits direct ap-
proprations for welfare or relief
and said:
"'I believe that our appropriation
will be considered by the Federa!
Government as a matching of
funds, ana in my opinion it wLli be
possible to make such an appropria-
tion from increased re-.enues in the
general revenue funds.'
Earlier u, his address he said he
had recei.ed up to March 1. 1935. a
total of $54,130,419 in Federal Gov-
et nment construction and relief
lunds, '*without matching a dollar "
--I believe that the best governed
people are tnose who are the lea,,
governed; that there are already
too mant\ laws in our State; that
wh.t we need here in Florida 's
more lat enforcement and less laY,
enactment." the governor declared
earlv in his address.
Later lie said. -Florida toda3
stands ar the thre-hold ot its great-
est period of progress, and the
soundness and saniness of your de-
niberations nmay well direct tne
prosperity and future of Florida so
that the greatest good may be se-
cured icr the greatest number.
"As individuals se count tor
nothing. As cohesive branches of our
government striving to render the
greates-t possible er-vice to our
State, let us aork together for the
welfare and well-being o0 our peo-
pie, subordinating indivduality and
p'rionality to the end tnat this
seasoin of the Legislature may be
written into tnie hLtory of thi-
State as outstanding in its achie\e-
'"All tasks at harxi must be ap-
proached with a deep and reverent
sense ol obligation, n.ot onl:, to the
people, the State and the country
but to Almighty God. Without His
aid and guidance we are nothing
and we can do nothing In order to
merit rie assistance and rthe trust
of di'.'init'', 've must have and assert
courage, self-sacrifice, urn.=.elfishnes
lortituoce and mnardood. remenber-
tmE, that .)nly, thes,- clharacteriLstics
cani meet approval or deser'.e ap-
provai and help at the hands of the
Alminughty Creator."
The joint session was convened at
12:08 P. M with President W. C
rfodges of the Senate In the role o0
the presiding oilcer. Seated with
him on the rostrum was Speaker
W. B. Bishop of the House. The roll
calls quickly. followed and then on
motion by Represent.ative Willbari
Gniffis of Okeechooee, President
Hodges appointed a committee ot
five to advise the governor that

the joint meeting was In session
The members of me committee
were: Representatives Crrffis, R.
Boe of Glades, and A. B Folks of
Marion. and Senators E H. Lundv
oi Rilton. and H. G. Murphy of
Zolfo Springs.
There was a brief ovation as Lh-
goseincr. accompanied by the meni-
bers of il.s cabinet, came inter the
room at 12.16 clock, a minute later
ne nad Beeni formally presented by
piesidenit Hodge, He concluded nis
address at 12:51 o'clock and two
minutes later te had left the room
and the joint session was adjourned.

"Little Luck" -

Is Reported

By President

Spends Morning Fishinrg in
Bahaman Waters; to
Continue Cruise.

MTIAMI, April 2, iPi-President
Roosevelt reported ".'er-y little luck"
today in fishing off Lor.g Island in
the Bahanian group
He sent the follo.vlng message to
Marmtn H. Mclnt:,re. a secretatv'
esaolished at Miarm neadquarter;.
"Ha'.e been fishing all morning
oft Long Islano. Very little luck
ProOxally proceed itomorro7; to Con-
ception Island "
Conception Island is about 40
mues due north of Long ILsand.
It ..as offi Long Island that Pres-
ident Roosevelt tried niz luck at
fining last July 4, on his a,, to
Puerto Rico.
Mi Roosevelt is apparently going
ahead nith previous plan; to con-
rinue his ir;itse for tre rennainaer
of in" week.

Award Winners

Are Announced

By Pen Women

MIAMI, April 2, i./P-The Na-
tional League of American Pen
Women today announced. at the
League's mid-admini.stration con-
gress here, the winners of five con.
tests. '
Hildegrade Walls Johnson of
Kansas City, Mo.. won first place
int the annual sonnet comn..-etition;
Gertie Steaiart Phillips of Manning-
ton. W. Va, first in the rondeau,
and B. Y. Willirams of Cincinnati,
first for lyric.
First place in the short short
story contest was awarded to Flor
enca Karn of Baltimore. and sec-
ond of Linda Stevens Almond of
Grace Boles Hedge of San Fran-
cisco, won first award for scientific
feature article, and Nina Clark
Hembling of Emporia, Kan., first
for her biographical feature.
Second place in the lyric group
went to Edith rMnick of Washing-
ton. Honorable mention was given
Mait,' D'Autremont Gerry of Duluth.
Minn., ,sonnet's, and Tessa S"eazs'
Webb of Columbus. Ohio. ,rondeaui.

Florida Cattlemen

See Results from

Feeding Experiment

large group of leading Florida cat-
tlemen today saw living evidence of
the value of planned stock feeding
and heard lh'estock specialists de-
clare that noa is the time for the
beginning of a revival of Florida's
oldest industr,-cattle raising.
The occasion was the first beef
cattle field day at the Florida Agri-
cultural Experiment Station. which
had ior its purpose the demonetra-
tion of the result of feeding tests
conducted at the station and to
stimulate interests in the cattle in-
Thirty-six sleek, fat steers used
in the experiment to determine the
feeding value of silages made from
Naper h grass, sugar cane and sor-
shum in beef production were ex-
hibited in three groups of 12 cattle
Dr. A. L. Shealy declared the ra-
tion which contained sugar cane
silage produced weight on thie steers
at a cost of 10.33 cents a pound. gr
55-hundredthli of a cent lowei than
the cost of producing weight with
the aorghuiii ration and _.54 cents
lower than the cost involJved in
using the Napier grass ration.
Speakers discussed pracLically all
pha-es of the cattle industry.

Dr. Settles Is to

Head St. Augustine

Rotarians for Year

Special to Times-Union.
ST. AUGUSTINE. April 2-Dr. C.
J Settles, president of the Florida
School for the Deaf and the Blind.
is to be the ne'.w president of the lo-
:al Rotary Clut ard Wtill tale office
the first Monday in July. Dr. Set-
tles vas elected at the regular Ro-
tar,. meeting, yesterday.
Other officers framed for the news
cili) year are: C. C. Johnson, vice
president, arnd Hal Stephens, secre-
tary-treau:.rer. Directors include: J.
P. Davis, D R Dunhamn and J. W
Houffian. Thie umunecilate past pres-
ident, Frank D. Upc.hurch. automat-
ically becomes a director. for the
ensuing yeai.
The election was held at this
time to permit the new officers to
attend tme Rotary State convention,
which will be held in Bracenton.
April 14-16.

Police Get Equipment
Special to Tirnes-Union.
ST. AUGUSTINE, April 2-The
local police department has just re-
ceived a sub-machine gun. capable
of firing 800 "hots per minute, or-
dered from Federal Laboratories.
Inc of Pittsburgh. Pa. Other new
equipment includes a long range
tea gas riot gun, two tear gas bil-
lies. and different types of anitniti-

Gets Tennessee Contracts
Special to Times-Union.
ST. AUGUSTINE. April 2-H. E.
Wolfe of the H. E. Wolfe Construc-
tion Conmpany of this city., which
laa handled nmai' State contracts
for Florida roads, is just back from
a business trip to Tennessee. While
there he was successful in procur-
ing two State highway contracts,
totaling approximately $300,000.


Foes Attend

State Meet

Addresses Feature Opening
Day's Program in


A a

The safest and most healthful
mode of transportation.
Noiseless, dustless, smokeless.
Pure air uniform tempera-
tures. An exclusive Seaboard

Exo-ples ot oiv tares on sole dally.
NEW YORK, N Y. ..... $19.99
WASHINGTON, D C. ...... 11.85
NORFOLK VA. ....... 10.11
BOSTON, MASS ........ 28 25
LOS ANGELES, CAL. ...... 40 74
NEW ORLEANS. LA ...... 9.19
MIAMI FLA. ...... 5.49
TAMPA. FLA .. .... 3.111
Similar low tares to other points.
General Passenger Agent
233 W. Forsyth St. Phone 5-0465
Jacksonville, Fla.
.1-+ ------- 1-`

The ONLY completely
in the SOUTH




~~.~. ~..-~- I I- i- ~--- --

ORLANDO, April 2. (,Pi-More
than 100 physicians, nurses and .o-
cial workers were here today for
the opening of the seventh annual
conference on tuberculosils, sponsor-
ed ri, the Florida Tuberculosis and
Health As-socuia[ion
Mrs Murray, L Stanle.% of Day-
tona Beacn president of the asso-
,iation opened the meeting. while
Dr L R Bowen of Eusts, presided.
Mrs W M. Pepper of Gaines-
tJule. chairman of public health For
the Florida Federation of Women's
Cluos. read a paper giving compar-
alive racial tuberculosis statistics in
Soutnern States. Her paper showed
a high death rate for negroes. Flor-
ida she said. ,'as fifth among
FL',,U tM-'rr St.Ite in iL anite death
rate and ninth in negro deaths.
The part the Emergency Relief
Adnunistration plays in fighting
iuberculo3is was related by Mrs.
Sadie Sailev of Tallahassee. Claude
M Andrews. also of Tallahassee,
told of tuberculosis rehabilitation.
Mrs. William Steitz of Lakeland
noted the effect the proposed social
security act. would have upon Flor-
ida's tuberculosis program.
"We should gite our babies the
same opportunities for healthy lives
that we aive to cattle," said Dr. J.
Arthur Myers of Minneapolis, aL-
thorJt. on tuberculosis, in address-
ing the confertrice today.
If v.e put into practice modern
scientific knowledge. tubt'rculosis
rould be eradicated from the face
of the earth Dr. Rih-rs continued.
"We carefully test our cattle for
tuberr:ulos.l- but let the children,go
untstetd". he continued "i f e do
not find the early case. the best
chances of recovery are iot "

Palatka Gardens to

Be Formally Closed

For Season April 8

Special to Times-Union.
PALATKA. April 2-Announce-
ment of the official closing of the
Azalea Ravine Gardens here. Mon-
day. April 8. was made today, bl
Mavor John W. Campbell. following
a meeting of the City Commission,
last night
The public will be allowed to
visit the local beautification project
up to sundo,.,n. next Sunday. but
from then on. admission will be b:.
pa- only.
Failure of the late blooming
azaleas to blossom.' owing to t,.o
freezes this Winter and the ex-
tended drouth nowT e'Ilstinr, was
given as the cause. for closing the
gardens at this earl- date.. It had
formerly been announced that the
Gardens would remain open until
Juiv 1.
The commission felt that those
traveling great distances to see the
gardens v.ould be disappointed in
not finding blos.ominiig plants and
that this might react disadvanitage-






Sholtz Delivers Message

Interesting Suggestions

By President Hodges on

Taking the Oath of Office

Recommends General Ap-
propriations Bill Be Pass-
ed Early in Session.


Suggests Three Judiciary
Committees in Place of
Two as at Present.

Special to Times-Union.
TALLAHASSEE, April 2.-In his
address today upon taking the oath
of office as President oi the Sen-
ate, Hon. Williham C. Hodges made
some -unique and interesting sugges-
He asks the Senate to grant him
autho:ri't to employ a "Foliowup
Clerk" wnoie duty it would be to
see that ail Dills are irnmediatel.
certified to the House as soon as
passed bn.' the Senate and as
promptly returned to the Senate as
soon as passed oy the House. He
would follow up all bills to see that
they are properly enrolled, signed
by the officers of both houses and
.promptlN deltnered to tme office or
the Gosernor. This is to pre'.ent the
loss oi bils in transit, which has
happened occasionally in previous
The Senator suggests that there
be three Judiciary Committees in-
stead of two. These three commit-
tees would be charged with the duty
of examining all bills to see that
they are in constitutional form and
if constitutional, how such bills
would change existing laws. As the
duties of these three committees
will be arduous, he suggests that
they he authorized to employ two
or three competent lawyers td serve
as research clerks.
He suggests that the committees
of the Senate be reduced from for-
ty-three to thirty-seven. This would,
give a committee chairmanship td
each Senator. '
To assist the Governor and his
cabiliet in keeping a balanced bud-
get, he recommends that the Gen-
eral Appropriations bill be passed
within the first 15 days of the ses-a
Full text of the address follows:
My Fellow Senators:
It is needless for me to tell you I
appreciate the high honor you have
this day and hour bestowed on me.
The position of President of the Sen-
ate is the highest honor senators can
confer on a fellow member. It comes
to me when I am the Senator oldest
In continuous service and comes by
the unanimous vote of senators abo
have long been associated -with me in
the affairs of the Senate and in pub-
lic life. Thus it evidences their. belief
in my fairness, my Integrity and
judgment and naturally to anyone
who appreciates and values the, Optn-
Ion of others it consecrates me to the
welfare of the State and to Senare's
public service. Such honor rarely
comes to any man and has never
come to any Senator under our Con-
stitution more than once in his life-
time except In 'one Instance in the
early days when this office ~yas giv-
en twice to the same Senator. As I
stand before you today I do not feel
a sdnse of power or pride of piece
but I do feel a very deep sense of
humility of spirit and have a gen-
uine desire to equal the sincere and
lofty service of my distinguished
predecessors who performed unself-
ishly their duties in this high office
In the long years which have elapsed
since the adoption of our Constitu-
tion. No Senatok on the. floor of this
Senate need fear I will ever knowing-
ly be unfair .to him; no Senator need
fear I will ever endeavor to use this
high office to intrude my views im-
properly on legislation or usurp his
rights and privileges by endeavoring
to defeat him/of his rights to prop-
erly, under the rules, cast his vote,
express his views or have such meas-
ures as he introduces, or champions
go to a final vote on the calendar,
when favorably recommended by the
proper committee to which the bill
has been referred.
I do not deem It within .my priv-
ilege or proper for me to express my-
self in this address on any specific
matters of legislation. That is a pre-
rogative which belongs to the Chief
Executive of this State and to which
he will undoubtedly address himself
in the proper way and at the proper
time in making such recommenda-
tions as he sees fit in his biennial
address to the .joint assembly.
Still I have no doubt in consider-
ing legislation every Senator here
realizes and will take Into consider-
tion that we are not merely concerned
over matters of material prosperity
and that we are not disturbed alone
over the hunger of the body but are
concerned and will legislate at this
session over those things which in-
volte a hunger of the mind, which
means, of course, the desire of peo-
ple for an education that they may
be better and finer citizens, the
hunger ot the heart which means
-maiJng 'tionger those laws which
safe-guard and make sacred the mar-
rIage relations by providing ade-
quate laws for the prompt, summary
and inexpensive handling of those
cases where someone has abandoned
the tamiiy and left it without means
of support and lastly will not forget
the hunger of the soul which means
- ve must make safe the anchor of
religious freedom which was embed-
ded Into'the laws of our land by our
early fathers and provides that every-
one may worship God according to
the dictates of his own conscience
and not his neighbors.
It is however, In my opinion, en-
tirely proper for me to very briefly
outline to you with. whom I shall
bave the pleasure of working, some
of those things which affect the
organization, the rules and the con-
duct of the Senate that we may at
once come to a complete and proper
understanding so we may all ap-
proach the gigantic task before us by
endeavoring to do as best we know
how to do those things laid out be-
fore us, for the good of this State.
The Senate is the highest law mak-
ing body of the commonwealth. When

we sit as Senators we lose our In-i
dividuality as persons and become the
senatorial representatives of the peo-
ple of our districts, otherwise we
would not be elected by district. As
the representatives of our districts
Is it but natural to presume we will
be alert for the good of our own
people but such alertness should

Senate Leader


Senator William C. Hodges oi Tal-
lahassee., pre'laent of the 1-93 Se6n-
ate, Florioa Lecislrlture. vno yester-
day del'.ered his message to the so-
ions of the upper house

President Pro Temn

Senator H. G. Murphy of Zolfo
Springs, who yesterday was formally
elected president pro tem d the
1985 Senate, Florida Legislature.

never go to the extent of being will-
ing for the special good of our own
district to agree to legislation which
will work to the common injury of
the entire State. We are Senators
,of our districts it Is true, but vwe are
also Senators of the State of Filor-
ida 4nd the prosperity, the progress,
the high honor and the general good
of the entire comnuonr ilttn -res"s
now in the legi-'ati,.e keeping. If we
do our duty, and I am sure this
Senate will,' we will guard carefully
the State's honor and labor for its
common good.
Along this line and at this time
may I be permitted to call the at-
tention of this Senate to the fact
that of recent years the legislature
has sometimes departed from rh-
decorum one would expect to find,
in the law making body of a sover-
eign State. We should conduct our-
selves with decorum and dignity be-
cause vhen sitting as Senators we are
supposed to typify and represent, by
all our activities, those fine people
who have by their ballots elevated
us to this office of trust and honor.
While I preside over this body I ex-
pect each Senator to measure up by
his conduct, both personal and offi-
cial, to the full stature of a Sen-
ator that this Senate may be held in
esteem by the people of this State
and that -.he Senators themselves'
may return to their people sure of
their confidence and respect..
May I suggest to the Senate that
the main reason bills have not had
the proper time given them for con-
sideration is that too much time
has been taken up by long and
sometimes acrimonious debates over
a waiver of the rules so as to take up
some bill out of its order on the cal-
endar. If a rule were proposed and
adopted by the Rules Committee to
only permit the waiver of the rules
by the 'unanimous vote of the Sen-
ate it would correct this evil, would
give the introducer of every bill, fa-
vorably reported, an opportunity of
having his bill properly considered on
the floor of the Senate and what Is
almost as valuable would give the
Senators the opportunity of examin-
ing the calendar each morning and
ascertaining for themselves what bills
would be before the Senate that day
for consideration so that if no bill
that day to be considered was of
great importance to their constitu-
ency they could be excused for com-
mittee work subjects to ,-call by Sen-
ate bailiffs should a vote be reach-
ed on any indicated bill. This would
prevent their being tied' to their
chairs fof an entire day fearful if
they 'left their seats the rules would
be waived and some bill they were
thus vitally interested, in be taken
up out of its order on the calendar
and considered during their absence
It is the duty of the President to
sign all bills and he is responsible
not only for this signature but for
their safekeeping until they are re-
posed with the proper authority.
Therefore It is necessary that a "fol-
low up clerk" be provided for the
President of the Senate. This follow
up clerk should have the duty plac-
ed on him seeing to it no bill is lost
in transit from tha Senate to the
House or from the House back to
the Senate or from the Senator to
the Governor's office. This might
prevent the loss of some bills such
as has In past years,been unaccount-
ed for.
May I also suggest that the num-
ber of Judiciary Committees be rais-
ed from two to three, and that they
be charged with the duty of exami-
ning all bills on two questions only:
1st: whether the bill in the com-
mittee's opinion is constitutional,
2nd: if constitutional how the bill,
as proposed would change existing
law. These committees should be
composed of members of the Senate
who are familiar with the require-
mentk for making a bill constitu-
tional and on the construction of
statutes so they can promptly and
efficiently give the Senate the bene-
Continued on Next Page.



npressive Ceremonies Mark Woman Attache Open

Senate's Opening Session That Session That Is Fe

Sees Organization Completed Formal Election

Florida Supreme Court's
Chief Justice Adminis-
ters Oath of Office.

Times-Union Bureau.
With impressive ceremony and
with, all of the solemnity and
dirn.tL .f trhe occasion the Sen-
ate ,.1 the Florida Legislature
comtrined in taentv-fifth blen,
nia session at 10:30 o'cock this
With the Senate chamber
decorated vith the most gor-
geors display of flowers in its
lustry,', the upper legislative
house proceeded with its organ-
Iztion, electing Senator Wil-
liam C. Hodges, Tallanaisee. as
president by unanimous vote
and naming Senator Henrn G.
'Murphy. Zolfo Spring'. president
pro temn.
S,-lator D Stuart Gillis. De-
Fun.ak Sprinps. who presided
as ch.ainman oi last rnighi's Sen-
ate caucus, placed the names
In nomination Hi: nominations
were made after Senator T. G.
F.itch. Leesburg, president of
the 1933 Senate formally called
the body to order, and after
the roll calls of the hold-over
and new senators by Robert W.
Davs., Senate secretary.
Take Oaths In Groups.
Chief Justice J. B. Whitfield, of
the Floridta Supreme Court, admin-
istered the oath 9f office to the new
'senators in groups of four, as well
as to Senator Hodges as president
of the S.enat,e
Senator Ho'lges, who has a long
and distinguished legislative career,
is beginning his thirteenth year as
a member of the Senate.
Senator Gillis, as chairman of
caucus, presented the name'of Sena-.
tor Hodges for the? Senate presi-
dency "As chairman of the cau-
cus, I have the privilege and honor
of nominating a man for the office
of presidency of the Senate who
needs no eulogy. His political ca-
reer is well known, throughout the
State of Florida and beyond its
boundaries. Of 'all his achieve-
ments, his campaign for the benefit
of the home-owners prior to the
November election is one of which
he may well be proud..
"His whole career has been one
of devotion t9 the people and I am
sure we do him a deserved honor
and that he will perform the duties
of the office with honor to us and
to himself. He is a patriot, states-
,man and genial host," Senator Gil-
lis said.
Senator. Hodges was escorted to
the president's rostrum by Senators
J. Slater Smith, Green Cove
Springs; D. Stuart Gillis, DeFuniak
Springs, and Senator J. Turner
Butler Jacksonrille.
lodges Takes Gavel.
Senator Futch then turned the
gavel'over to Senator Hodges. In
his speech accepting the presidency.
Senator Hodges expressed his appre-
ciation for the honor conferred
upon him and urged passage of the
general appropriation bill within
the first. 15 days of the session. He
also urged working rules which will
expedite the transaction of busi-
ness and pledged every effort and
all fairness, in performance of his
duties -as Senate presiding officer,.
voicing' his personal friendship for,
/every member of the Senate. Sena-
tor Hodges was selected for the Sen-
ate presidency at the caucus of the
holdover senators held at the end
of the 1933 legislative session.
The Senate opening was the ear-
liest in .record. The hour of 10:30
for convening was set at the re-
quest of Governor Dave Sholtz to
enable the chief executive to broad-
cast at noon his biennial message
to the ,Legislature in joint session.
Senator Murphy was then nomi-
nated for president pro tem,. and
escorted to the rostrum, expressed
his gratitude to the Senate for the
honor conferred upon him.
Staff Listed.
The Senate elective working staff,
selected at last night's caucus, was
placed in nomination en bloc by
Senator Gillis and the election was
The staff follows:'
Robert W. Davis, Gainesville, sec-
J. W. Kelly, Live Oak, sergeant-
Miss Kate Inman, Tallahassee,
reading secretary.
The Rev. Ray Y. Walden, Sum-
merfield, assistant reading secretary.
Leoriard W. Lowry, Tallahassee,
By Senate vote, aSecretary Davis
was given the control and selection
of the Senate desk force.
The appointive attaches, named
by the holdover senators, follows:
Miss Ruth Roberts, Tallahassee,
chief stenographer.
The Rev, Gerald Culberson, Tal-
lahassee, chaplain.
Sally Futch, Tallahassee, assist-
ant bill clerk.
Bill Lurdy, Milton, messenger.
A. K. Powers, Sanford, mailing
W. L. Coats, Fort Pierce, assistant
mailing clerk.
Edward R. Hays, Apalachicola,
engrossing" secretary.
Mrs. Ida B. Stephens, Miami, en-
rolling secretary.
Louis E. Barbee, Clearwater, post
Mrs. J. H. Smith, Orlando, journ-
al secretary.
M. Wall, Lake Wales, door keep-
John P. Lewis, Ocala, gallery door
L. C. Wadsworth, Live Oak; Mrs.
N. E. Tigert, West Palm Beach;

Mrs. Edith Cox, Macclenny, and
Margaret Murphree, DeFuniak
Springs, stenographers.
Roy L. Hendricks Jr., Lakeland;
Hoyt Mann, Lake Butler; Olin G.
Shivers Jr., Chipley and Margaret
Holland, Tallahassee, pages.
Completing its organization, Sen-

Has Active Role

. .
'"{ ;4

Kennedy of Lake Serves as
Temporary Chairman for
Initial Ceremonies.

Times-Union Bureau.
Formal election of Wtillian Bur-
ton Bishop of Jefferson Coun-
ty to the speaKer-hip rind Har-
r.y N. Sander oi Hilroi0!ou|lh

County as speaker pro tempore,.
were the features oi the open-
Ig session today or the 1935
House of Representatives., Flor-
A'ida Legislature.
For the first tmune in the his-
tory of the Legislature a woman
formally opened the delibera-
tions of the House, as Eumma
Sechrest Smith, of Jacksonville,
assistant chief clerk for the last
ij:ree sessions, called the -essionn
order at 10:45. A NI. It is
'~ty of the chlel clereK ro
the House. The late Frank
of Tallahassee, was the
snrat.o, D Sturair Giils, DeFuni of the 1933 House, and
prgr. '. r, n.o'-d as chairman ,cnt t was called upon to
tme Democratlc caucus ln tne Sea take. Lhe place of acting cfair-
Monday nignt, and ".no yest.e man. She nanaled the duties
presented narne, of the nomlnees of the position with ease and
Senate president and House speak
no* form a J, r. u er grace.
fur icirniaiel.Iolnt. Davis Gives Oaths.
Dr. I. N. Kennedy, of Lake, vet-
rgaret Brinon an minemer oi seven sessions, tas
Margaret BrinsonTected as temporary chairman, aft-
eS iJustlce Fred H. Davis. of the
New S ecretary to State Supreme Court had sworn in
Cthe 95 members, 'ho approached the
President Hodges chief clerl deo k in the House
chamber u', groups of 10. In the
: oatti the members so.'oie to '.sup-

Sp4 tltution and government of the
I. United States anadof Florida." Dr.
Kennedy V'as nominated as tem-
poraly chairman by R. Don, IL Leod
Jr., of Frantuin, and Mrs. Smith
o appointed Dr. Kennedy's colleague,
George F. Westbrook of Lake, Cas-
pion Hale of Volusia, and NI R. Dri-
ver of Polk, to escort the tempor-
Sar,, chairman to the rostrum.
Speaker Bishlop .as noniulated by
John S. Burks ot Pasco, ai tihe
urunanimnous election quickly oliov, ec
as the first official roil call oi the
? session was made. Samuel Getzen
of Sumter. Caspian Hale of Volu-
sia ard Bernie Papy of Monroe,
formed the committee escorting the
newly elected speaker to the rol -
trum, and as Mr. Bishop proceed-
ed down the aisles he was gi.'en a
rising ovation. Justice Davis then
administered the oath of office, and
the speaker made a brief address,
asking for co-operatile efforts from
the members..
At that point Senators W. A.
MVacWilliani. J. J. Parrash and Tru-
Margaret Brlinon man G. Futch were escorted into the
chamber by Sergeant-at-Arms Na
iSpecial to Times-Unionp than Jones. They reported the Sen-
TALLAHASSEE. April 2-Mtis s Mar- ate had completed its organUiation
garet Bringon i,. oday elected bi ..on. Janes D. Biton JI.,
to the preLaent ot the Senate of HIllsborough, nominated his col-
the 1935 session She Is a North league, Harry N. Sandier, as speak-
Car.linlan but came to Pinellas er pro-tem, and the unanumots
County wnrer she was less toan a election followed. Mr. Sander was
'ear old. Gria Las i'ed In "Tallansssee corted to the rostrum by C. C.
about I0 years Sue Is a product ofecorted o the rostrum by C. C.
vocational rehabilitation. ha'.tng Woodward also of Hillsborough,
been permanently crippled In her James NM. Kelly of Gulf, and J.
early life, and :,' her application to Clarence Hill of LaFayette. Justice
study has educatn o herself througbe Davis administered the oath and
ting. She agencies of retarlat the lrain- then Mr. Sandler said a few words
session to Senator Hoages when he exptesaing his appreciation f.or the
was chairman of the General Ap- honor conferred upon him in the
propriations Committee and since elect ion. t
then has. been 'ecretsry to the Resi- Joint Session Set.
dence Halls at the Florida State A message was received from the
College for Women Miss Brinson mesagei w e e
had' much of the detailed Work of Senate bringing to the attention of
the General' Appropriations bill on 'the House a concurrent resolution
her hands at the last session of the setting 12 o'clock noon as the hour
Legislature, and is intensely interest- for the joint, session to fear the
ed in educational matters and es- Governor's message. On motion to
pecially those things which relate to
crippled and underprivileged children Mr. Sandler the rules were waived
and the. departments of public wel- and the House members concurred
fare. In the resolution.
The rest of the .elective officers
ator Hodges named committees to were then formally elected- accord-
wait upon Governor Sholtz and the ing to the results of the Democratic
caucus held Monday night.
House of Representatives to give Speaker Bishopnamed S. Pierre
notice that the. Senate was or- Robineau of Dade, James M. Kelley
gaonized and ready for the transac of Gulf, and W. McL. Christie of
SenatoriArthur Gomes, Ke West, DuSal as a comtitee tHo notify theom-
offered Senate concurrent resoilu-
tioer No. 1, providing for the as- preted Its organization, and M.,M.
sembtion No. 1, providing andfor the nate Frost oi Duval, W. S. Whiddon of
sembling of the House chamber and Senate Tayor, and Dwight L. Rogers o
in the House chamber at noon to r'date op simil
hear the Governor's biennial ires- Broward, as the group to s milarly
sage. notify the Governor: Both commit-
Adopts Old Rules tees returned shortly and reported,
The Senate adopted tie rules of and alter Sergeant-at-Arms Jones
the 1933 session to govern the Sen- had virtually completed arrange-
ate until the 1935 rules have been inents to care for the seating of the
prepared and adopted. senators and other honor guests, as
The chamber was deserted at 1b House stood at ease, Speaker
noon when the Senate marched to OB op named John, W.-Cole of Es-
the House of Representatries in cat bia. E. Williams of Jackson
processional order with Senatora. W at I F. B. Harrell of Hamilton, as a
processional order withaSen. d oroed W e w
A. MacWilliams, St. Augustne, and committee to notify the Senate that
J. W. Turner, Cedar Key, the two lrn House was ready for the joint
oldest senators in point of service, T sion.
leading. he House stood at ease again
Return to the Senate cam the jouiLt session convened. At
folloR.ing the address by CGovernor 17:;3 P. -i, the joint session was
Sholtz the Senate passed' a mea,;uie a iourned, anid two minutes later
by Senator T. G. Futch, Leesburg,. ~aker Bishop reconvened, the
providing that tax book. ;,: c:Hec- iHse. There '.as a roll call and
tions on the 1934 rolls, oe kept open at 12:58 o'clock adjournment was
by the tax collectors of the State taken until 11 o'clock tomorrow
until July 1. morning.
Newsreel and still cameras click-
ed in the Senate during the cere- R
monies surrounding the elevationof LCS Vvaied
Senator Hodges to the presidency.
T audience which crowded the 13 (
galleries inspected the floral dis- D 87a O
plays while the Senate "was absent
literally was a mass of floral pieces t a Fi

Shortly after Senator Hodges ing all precedent, the Senate of the

was presented with a huge basket 1935undorid Leslatuhe pen-
of flowers by Miss Florence Holm- il under waived rules at the open-
brook, from Ensley, Escambia Coun- ing session today.
ty, on behalf of the 4-H Club Girls The measure, submitted by Sena-
of Florida tor T. G. Futch, Leesburg provides
Adjournment was taken at 1:05 that county tax collectors through-
P. M. until 11:00 o'clock tomorrow, out Florida spiall keep the tax books
morning, open for collections levied and as-
sessed on the 1934 roll until July 1.
The books close April 1, when taxes
Bodly Is Recovered become delinquent.
SEBRING, April 2, (/P)---The body On motion by Senator Futch, the
of Dan Ferguson, 20, years old At- bill was sent to the House ,under
lan'ta youth, who was drowned in further waiver of the rules for ear-
Lake Istokpoga, Sunday was re- ly action by the lower legislative
covered today, branch.

Florida; Legislature

is House State's Chief Executive Tells

atured By Solons Schools of Floridain

of Leaders Need of $10,500,000 Yearly

.I.. . ----

+ -- ,
* Toda,', in LeCci.,i ure.
+ -r&nate conri-nes at 11 A. 1M +
e Hc:.u.t convenes at 11 A. M. +
+ Y-ilLtrda." +
" Senate adjourned at 1.05 P M. +
+ Hou.e aajournc.d at 1258 P. M +
+++++ + +-+H-.-+-I-+---++++-i.

New Speaker

Says Serious

Task Is Ahead

Asks Aid of House Mem-
bers in Finishing Work
-During 60 Days.

Tim,-s-UUnion Bureau.
TALLAHASSEE. AprlU 2.-Calling
on mebniib.is of the House for co-
operation. and pledging "fair and
impartial treatment insofar as it
is human' ponible to eive." Wil-
lhm Burton "Buddy" BLshop of
Jefferson Count'. this morning as-
sumed the speakership of the 1935
Hol.use of Representatives, Florida
Mr. Bishop's brief address of ac-
ceptance was as -follows:
"I have accepted today the :re-
sponsibility of speaker of the 1935
House of Representatives with a
deep feeling of responsibility and
humility. I fully appreciate the
great honor that my colleagues
have; bestowed upon me and from
a grateful heart I thank you.
"The time for words only has
passed and the time for action has
arrived. I earnestly beseech the
full co-operation of every meniber
of the 1935 House and I know I will
have it to the full. I have no
prejudice or personal feelings and
I know that with the type of men
of which this body is composed,
none will be shown. I pledge to
each and every one of you fair and
impairial treatment insofar as it is
humanly possible to give. I am
only human and will make errors.
when this occurs, and it will be
the head and not the heart re-
-ponsible. I ask mri friends
of the House membersnip to stand
closer to me at such times and we
will right the course of the ship."
"We have before .is serious and
perplexing problems as r ask my
'[colleagues to begin immediately
earnest and serious consideration
of these problerns,and I feel confi-
dent,.har if this course is pursued
that our labors here pan be com-
pleted in the 60 das of the regular
session and that we can return
home feeling that ve have perform-
ed the duty conferred upon us by
our constituents to the best of ow
abiliit and judgment.
"I thank you again from the In-
nermost depths of my heart for the
great honor giten me."

Florida Solons

Join to Hear

Sholtz' Speech

Audience Taxes Capacity of
House Chamber for

Times-Union Bureau.
TALLAHASSEE, April 2 -Recom-
mending that the State not set it-
sell up In the business of distnbut-
iiig alcoholic liquors. suggesting that
automonbll' license tags be reduced to
a $5 and $10 basis, andl offering
suggestions as to the possibilities of
providing $10,500,000 annually for
the public schools of Florida during
the next two years, Governor Sholtz
early this afternoon made his ac-
6ounting to the 1935 State Lepisla-
ture, assembled in joint session of
the Senate and House of Repre-
sentatives. /.
The message was, as has been the
custom, delivered in person from the
speaker's rostrum of the House
chamber, before an audience that
taxed the facilities of the historic
legislative hall which rang with the
ovation accorded the governor when
he had concluded .-
,The rostrum 'desk was a mass of
flowers, adding, a touch'of addition-
al color to the dramatic scene.
Other rec.:,mmendations made by
the governor included:
Removal of the State' ad valore'mn
tax from real estate, except the one
mill levy.for schools as required by
the C.onstitution: appropriation of
$1,000,000 for construction purposes
at the State hospital and the State
prison farm and other State insti-
tutions as the Florida gesture to-
ward the Federal Government in
the matter of unemployment relief;
that the seventh cent of the tat on
gasoline be continued for the sup-
port of the general revenue fund;
that convict labor be only used in
the maintenance of the State's
$200,000,000 highway system and that
civilians be employed op any new
hi-l .'.ay construction Where Feder-
al aid is obtained.
Gas Tax for Schools. ,<""
Briefly the governor's recom-
menaation concerning the public
schools were these: That either the
proceeds of the gas tax now going
to the counties for the paying of
bonded indebtedness be given to the
schools during' the next two years,
or a 3 per cent general sales tax
be passed as an emergency measure
to care for the financial stress fac-

ing the counties in their support
of the schools through the adoption
of the Homestead Exemption
Amendment, written into the .Flor-
ida Constitution at the' last general
election b'v he voters of the State.
The go\erncr estimated that either
Continued on Next Page.

Addresses Solons

Governor Dave Sholtz
Florida's Chief Executive. who yes-
terday delivered his message to the
1935 Florida Legislature.

Highlights of

Sholtz' Message

To Legislature

TALLAHASFEE, April 2, (I)-
Pungent paragraphs from Governor
Sholtz' first message to the 1935
"'Adequate maintenance and up-
keep of State property should not
furthe, be postponed. . The State
hospital for the insane shows a cry-
ing lack of facilities for decent,-hu-
mane care of the wards that we
have there."
"'At the end of the fiscal year
June 30 19341, the State budget had
been balanced for the first time In
year, and the deficit (listed as $2,-
124,000 on July 1. 1933) had been
change into a surplus of $591,000,
a net gain in the financial position
of the State of $2,715,000."
"Florida as a State is in a clay's
by itself Beac.ise of its conserva"-
live legislation it. has attracted
maril people to make this State
their residence, and her people last
vear paid more in Federal inheri-
tance taxes than 38 other State
there. ranking tenth in payment
of inheritance taxes, whereas she
ranks thirt. -first in population."
Too Many Laws.
"I beie',e tnat the best governed
people are those who are least gov-
erned chat there are already too
many laws in our State; that what
we neeci in Florida is more law en-
forcement and less law enactment."
Earl.' passage of the general ap-
propriations Dill "will remove doubt
and uncertainties." '
"The school! system of Florida
shoul- be adequately financed for
actua: requirements essential for
sound operatLon so that the children
may get a fundamental American
education and the teachers may re-
ieive recent ]liaole compensationn"
A $10.500.000 annual State school
fund. whichh he recommended. "may
oe piouded" by re-allocatinrg to
schools revenue from three cents
of the gasoline tax ow used :o re-
tire county bonds, or "as an alter-
native there might be levied a gen-
eral .ommodit?', emergency tax of
3 per cent for the benefit of
'schools" :. .
,"It is my opinion that a $5 and
$10 license tag can now be given to
the owners of passenger automo-
"There are three essential funas-
mentals that must be considered in
the enactment. of liquor legislation
-temperance, elimination of illicit
trafilc in liquor, and revenue."
Views on Liquor Control.
,,There are two main avenues open
to the Legislature in the enactment
of liquor laws, namely, the license
system and the State control sys-
tem commonly known ag the dis-
pensary system."' He stoutly op-
posed the dispeniary system because
"in other States it has created ney
fields for graft and corruption." He
recommended licensing of private
busine-i. to handle the traffic.
"I am utterly opposed to the re-
turn of the saloon."
"Let us eliminate as far as possi-
ble once and for all the illegal op-
erator commonly kno'vn as the
"Fundamenta.lly. I do not believe
ana hate nevet felt that the, State.
so'.'ernment" should enter private
"We are prohibited under our
Constitution from making direct ap-
propr'ations for welfare or relief."
He asked appropriation of $1,000,000
ior nc-w construction at State insti-
tutions. with labor furnished by the
PERA "I believe that our appro-
priation will be considered by the
Federal Government as a matching
of funds."
"Certainly the taxpayers are en-
titled to every right to have their
taxes reduced in every pos:lole
manner, It is my recommendation
that the State ad valorem, with the
exception of the one mill constitfu-
tional levy for schools, can well be
given up, providing revenue from
liquor legislation is allotted to gen-
eral revenue, and the emergency
one-cent gasoline tax how going to
general revenue Is retained for an-
othdr two-year period."
"It Is inconceivable that we should
divert any portion of the three-
cernt gasoline tax now allocated to
roads The amount now yielded is
far from sufficient for the proper
maintenance and betterment of our
Continued on Page &.

Recommends Two Sources
from Which Educational
Funds Could Be Drawn.


Speech Includes Suggestion
That Auto Tags Could Be
Cut to $5 and $10.

TALLAHASSEE, April 2, f/P,
Opening Its twenty-fifth regular
. biennial session today, the Flor-
ida Legislature heard Governor.
Dave' Sholtz recommend use of .
either gasoline tax revenue or
a 3 per cent general sales tax
to finance schools and. call for
taxation and regulation of liquor
licensing of private business
rather than State stores '
Legislators expressed var4ed---
views of the message but the
chief reaction, apparently, was
opposition to one or the other
oi the alternative school fi-
nancing plans advanced.
The chief executive said the
schools need $10.600,000 a year.-
This Is the amount educational
interests have requested and is
nearly double the sum given to
the schools during the past two
years. The lawmakers, for the
most part, indicated agreement
with this. /
To .meet this annual appro-/
priatIon the Governor suggested
that $7,000,000 :n revenue raised-
by threes-sevenths of the seven
cents a gallon gasoline tax be
taken from its present use of
retiring county rqad bonds and
given to the schools. Apparently
foreseeing a legislative fight over
this plan, the Governor said he
did not want to create an is-
sue and so, as af alternative,
said there might be enacted a
3 per cent "general commodity
emergency tax" which he said
would produce the same amount
Immediately there were reaC-
tions from senators and repre-
sentatives, some declaring them-
selves against a sales tax and
others expressing determina-
tion to 'keep the gasoline tax
revenue for county debt retire-
ment. 'Some legislators Insisted
the smaller county lawmakers
would unite almost solidly
against loss of the gasoline tax
Could Cut Tags.
The Goxernor said automobile
license tag prices could be cut
to a flat $5 and $10 and still
provide $3500.000 a year or
sufficient to swell the school
fund to the required amount.
The tags now cost from $5 to
$20 each with most cars com-
ing under the $10 and $15 rates.
Tag reduction was one of the
Governor's campaign pledges and
one of his recommendations to the
1933 Lewislature. Two years ago the
lav.makers did cut the price of tags
but not to tihe flat $5 and $10 rate.
Senator James F. Sikes of St. Pet-
ersburg today said he would intro-
duce a bill calling for the five-and-
ten tags. He sponsored the bill in
In calling for regulation and tax-
ation of liquor, the Governor flatly
opposed any system of State dis-
pensaries saying Florida could not
afford to "embark in such a treach-
erous and hazardous business." He
declared his investigations "of other
States which- have unwisely gone
into the business disclosed that in
many instances it had created new
fields for graft and corruption."
Some legislators have asserted
themselves in favor of a system of
State liquor stores, but the major-
ity wh6 would comment on that
phase of the Govei nor's message ex-
ressed agreement with his geriral
position. Still most of them predict-
ed stiff fights over methods of con-
trol and scales of taxation.
Liquor Tax Topic.
,The Governor said liquor should
be taxed by the gallon so as to
produce about $4,000,000 a year. He
recommended that this money go to
operation of State institutions.
Within a few minutes after hear-
ing the Chief Executive call for
caution "against any increase in the
burdens of taxation," the Senate
broke all precedents by passing a
bill on the first legislative day to
extend the time for paying taxes
from April 1 to July I. The House
was not in session at the time but
the Senate will send the bill there
for actio:i.
N Elimination of all ad valorem
taxes tbr State purposes; except the
one mill levy required by the Con-
stitution lor schools, was recom-
mended In the Governor's message.
This would cut the State millage
from 65-8 to one mill.
Clarificaatiji ol the pionsions of
homestead tax exemption likewise
was recominended Many legisla-
tors have said they ,.'.ould seek to
extend the exemption to more per-
sons and to clear up doubtful ques-
tions raised by the amendment ap-
proved b:.' the electorate last year. .
If Florida through its Legislature
will spend a million dollars on a,
building program at State Institu-
tions, the Governor told the law-
makers, the Federal Government
will accept this as State co-opera-
tion and continue to give this
State re-lef funds. Then, too, he
said, the institutions need the im-
provementS badly.
This is true, he said, because the
Constitution prohibits direct State
appropriations for relief, saying that
it is up to Florida counties to care
for their needy. Loss of revenue
from taxation of homesteads and

from other sources makes It im-
possible for the counties to con-
tribute, lie added.
Appropriation Asked.
A general ainual appropriately
of $8.698637.26 is needed for the
next two fiscal years he said', to
operate the State go.','-" "'iif lei
Continued on




Chicago Capitalist Will Divide
$1,000,000 Worth of Prop-
erty Into Farms.

BERT- SCHREIBER, Chicago capi-
talist and man ,o vision, has ac-
quired the Annat Tract, consisting of
44,000 acres, taking in all of township
69-36 south of the Dixie Highway
and Township i,-'i. reng ihree mile's
South of Florida 'I[t an,, renting
more than six miles on the Dixie
Highway. The property was formerly
hwned by Ex-Governor Jennings and
e total cost was about $1,000,000.
Mr. Schreiber states that he has
teen making an exhaisirve Ir'...,
of the pot.rntial farrr. land of Fl.,rlia
Which can t.- q.jirklv de t .:.-p-d and
Utilized extenst ,el.y or far,-iing and
feels sang lnr.- that th .'asi prairies
contained In his pur.:nriea. ill t'*
tll to be desired by the owners of
hii' ai11 tra. s i
R er,-gnizing that the zre-,r e-I.'l
th tr 'v tinlelt dr1'. ,.p 'en t alifoh:r-,
i .\ .-.r iitia v years was rhh large.
lard gra.r. pr.,'ailing ther_ pr_'.,*n, -
Inpg the '-iall [farnm OTner in se-cur-
Inr a i.-:.b.:.d and sin,:- the- rnall r
arms intenM _'e1: .uli'i .edi are ,.he
.,':i.tc.nre ,or any commuj rn, i % e feels
that t.:-. pi. ringF thi iaroe tract as
ronr i-:n late d n~ l pro'.,E all t.. n- .de-
lr-i t.b.- the farn-er ,f -:?ntiparirivel,'
rkmall means who will be athir t.', a&-
'huire these desirable and 'ert.iie land
rt approximately $100 prr ar- :. -1l-
ng three to four crops per year in
contrast to farm lands in the north-
ern climes costing anywhere from
f600 to $1,000 and yielding a possible
single crop a year with its many
rialss 'nd disappoin.ments
Mr. Schr.,bt.er further stated that it
is his r.irpo r.:. pr.-.nmptl secure
bids fr-r thel c.-nstruetion of a road-
ay Through the property from the
Dixie Highway to the Florida Bay a
distance of 11 miles. The installa-
tlon of laterals on the east and west
section lines will give the entire
ract an independent drainag.' --
enm, making the land higni.l:. drslra-
)le for citrus fruits and ilkel-lf- f,r".r
'he raising of practically every variety
>f vegetables with especial refer-
once to tomatoes and strawberries.
Harold C. Gelnaw, former execu-
ive secretary of the Louisiana ij.ilf
*oast Club, the largest shooting .,in.1
sporting club in the world, n.-+ a -
Bociated with Schreiber & Ahlinan,
rei --eentied Mr. Schreiber Ir. n-akir.
tre purchase William I. Phillip, onf
tho Phillipe Realty Company, acting
for H. M. Annat.
\R. GELNAW stated that Silver
Palm Lake and the chain of
Smaller lakes in connection offer one,
bf the most beautiful sites for a
shooting and fishing club in the
South, and inar Mr Schreiber's
thought to create thi_ area into a
tportman'" paradl.e v.ill be wel-
comed not alone ni the .p.:rtmen but
by the 7:., ero of o..urd..-.r life And
those who desire to form contact;
with the prli atlve wvhlch unfortu-:i
lately is dlsapp. rring io' reason of
civilization r -In, smn r, the highly
productive lands.
Harry A. Ahlman, business asso-
siate of the cirm ...f Schreiber & Ahl- anaerof Studebaker Sales Co.
than, is especially elated in securing manager of Stu4ebaker Sales Co.,
the services of experienced develop- *Pi'ttsburgh.
ers and business men who will corn- E. Greenlee, of E. E. Greenlea
l., L-.- i-,r r -tf.. .. t in the Company, Realtors, Chicago.
It -l,'. L. -.,- ITL ir.i ,-l 1r-nr, of these H. V. Glos,general sales manager of
Ir.i rr. pr. int' ,h r,,u.,h pride to Sontag Bros., Chicago.
th. ,-.r-.np v h.-. ,* r...e the or- mB. L. Jacobs, department store
ganization th or manager, New York and Chicago.
Harold C. Gelnaw recently of Krenn Mr. Ahlman further stated tiht ,r
& Dato. exclusive agents of Mrs. is the Purpose to dispose of
Edith Rockefeller McCormick prop- lands exclusively through brokers,
erties, Chicago. MCormck ro appreciating that with their concerted
Henry Goldberg, of City M.rf. efforts he will be materially assisted
Co.. Chicago. in making the property an immediate
P. R. Meincke and M. IE Mli.:h-oi a.nf"l 'mi ylitr.y ew,.,: i.,rngr,
of the real estate ir, . :.t n.f n k.- .v ,,I1 t L .r, t-., r,.,i.. li. r I .-thi
I- -,,' r., '.rir-n r-at estate n erati 'i i. e i ,,vt. r,- t iI, ijr, rT .. nf th
i t id r i l, E) D ,%i .. il. h ,,.' a ni -,imtrn P...,.l
...'Keatley, formerly general sales i dpron e rty. -eh i .:-terr of the

*AL-AMM -_ -*w W-- S -- -




Government May Be Induced to Establish Such an Enterprise in This

City-New Process Is a Feature of Economy -Bryan Jennings

Son of Ex-Goveruor W. S. Jennings, Made an Able Address Before
Organization Yesterday.

TriipO tant r-a-I.tL i.ati... i,-. the 'lt she could not win a war without
irrrth:r 1i-.i--lrn,.:n#, t -1i - iHI .H-, were 1 1C-eI ,elements, knowing that the time
ld,.cu Jr*.-,| at a inel ng of the Jack- ".,.uli come n',1en she must be self-sup-
-r.nvil- F:r-[l .; tatL Board, held in port.r.E in order to carry out her plan,
tI.: i-.tMl o,:.n '. -t, e day, beginning she set her chemists to .'ok to tnn.i ,'rmne
at 12:30 p. M,. in,,-..- I, supply of nitraLte- i tli i], -
Bryan Tenning.-, son of ex-Gov. W. Sult ir .s tile Haber L-, i.i:ni I.:f reduimr;
S. J-n.riz r --, ..r before the organ- atmoephbrrie rn.tr' ne.n itlu a -ful tuli or
ai .:.n -..ri in-,. .-oanservation. tr..m ir.e air whv.hi != .-,mpor.- of pi r
-.-,.rge L Erc,-,.n was appointed a cent ritri gen. but the proc~r-. was n, .t
'.mrrmitte i.[. I .-l,:'It 't location which perfect. an]- irnt-r tr In.- n; mi1 T .'ri,-es.
>.l be-" 1._...n' .r-n er.m-l- to the govern- r. -, i -,,. ,. .r.d a -r.,cn is lL uInlr.Ii,- i f
ri err aut- ri t.-- -. 1n the idea of ob- aciir..:. l,.'r.,: r.ltr*er:., h ..-l.'lun :t'r-
t'ininir tor trii- ... a dehydrating idtl, .. ',-...lti:l:,.-'.e' iri eir in i l i'ant
plant. were completed and ooera.iin,- :r-.- Im-
Being Established. mediately started on :,Ier '-Il-en- of c, .r
Ii r. n-.L l.:n r, to :. -- rA -..pl that conquest, confident of victory, and her
clu plant' ^ r5 t,'i- 1 -h .' in chemists hi -r, oclIjeL' accurate in all
nJr i : ..: ir. r n.1 -z nE tri nr l'at .'T tha t tarch
f. rcr~ i ,., I, , r ,1 . ,n,, a: n_ 3 1n1 fr l-.-- The13
in a r. I- a- '.',r .. m -t r, ,, r.rr ..in [itit- ,i .' at ...' ni j.. to in-
r it r t hn n- t'i i,-mri I;r r ,r, t the w r ,l l r r'. m L,.nljt, -,nT .
l tn. t h r- rl l r- i-n : 1 l r : nl ~d II- n .t Hank e hli i -id n.at

To,. rn l r',[ h t. .a r Iak r.. n m cr, ship fr.:.01 Ch' l1 z d iur
.:..rn.0 d t h t ith- ..t- ,:ri :,,nL .* '. rnn n: n r 1-1: r.-ntl C' hprrpriatiel
'ppr plb ID l,. i, th, d n :r;. nni. t".' .' cl..rA fi- tr a niriitie 'h la. nt i-
, r i s-l r [r j. t, r r-' a i m i t, r.ri-. u ri, i in I' t l j t cu r" r., er i'rh I. tlun a d i r -e ,-r
Ibui i n :i th -d ud in 1 h I,r t hat iti ,' frirr er to .e .: : o..r -ok, but
.n i'h tir pr i '-'. *n .r 'rtlie il, '. ,~~ nr ot ec th- 'a -hll r n iat y re 'i l-l
tha .- Jennings.i :' A address. pr ' 'i. f, t r:- .air tr i ..u -: klE, -r.l'e i r ',''-

,j r j n rr [a s h,' r i a r ._ rt rl I *'ir*Iii husn l ll l, na- rl :. Ki 4 bus.cf.. o, oIa p r a rn n ts T7.'-
a .Id Iai r ii i- ar. l -i :"I t i '.- r ilh t ihrd, -. p:llitrS jo"-lt hab, th- |oe n fJrnn:,
i o- r.i n In t.* r. n r,[- Hi- n .' r-'hl. i tr ', ts-: 'it i,-as 'lt. loes Dp _r Lonn ntL-
an,] I. l ,rl, -'in r. l l.. n.-th 1 .b- r .- "- rl.:r. -, l -hr. 4 -ha. 4: 4' 6' ons. outi
ta In ierl imand it i'i n na- l. Ihull A. h i :1 r ita .s ti r nh.- ,in. .At
Ljl Ir ,.- rt. '.l a i h -[ [ a. r T-,r '.- r ur la m rs .:tii l.'._ -',it a m u'b Ia

cal-;d 1-ac in II i. l ,.:n .-f v r v aci 1 reat.r nr> an., in l.:L tr .u... per -as
Ti'.l ri-al *: u t. h-b. ri ia- ,i '. r r; -iart i 1 v .lp -t7,l l fi, rand o ur
r.:,rnian i r, i r.ri g ;iL ..r .u n" I., ,.'r.-rn .rn l n : rlc.ntlp.'h apr ,rin u rted
f ht'ri ar .p ran fir., th:i L it- n i St r L t t L.rr il n lla l'i r:c' '1 r a ni trh p.tc plain t
", iir,1 ri [-pri : a ,tina i _r m ,itni. f-r 1 1l. M u%,a` .l ihaiL Ala
th,_ _stt-iizim rnt, o'' L riat. l ',-ra-i:,' thn '" i i ,: s;n i-. ,', ta -n r er-lri-
th- r.i-al at.- .o'n ir. ar i,1,arn He ni r- n pjt rn mad. it thi'. Biiu:' her tc.-k
buIld. L r: is .':,-a jik- A h i- C-er tL m ake, th., ir la.r .i ma rI fIh rtile n .1 t l
an ntr-rpr ;.ie. f'in tl!e ai. Is ,hrvrn by Uncfl-
Jennings' Address. nI an a1rrir h o nle rla'- i 'uhils ryep.1
M rto ip '- l i t,* .a i t.: a that hI i ir.n t-1 is.le n r. our p :-'14 bu-='i. pr,.l oat 1'. 4 9
Isa-. 6e t .1ii le, i 2 ti a l',,",h .'r i- l hl ',. ,l''Itc,-C 4 2t 4 uh -.,

Alt rrf:ar i .'l. i r.- ,t.:- m ; .re i :a It Ihe Thei. atse a-len etur ih tit e a.nde
,the i -i. -r P r .i t'.:.n n an.' l I r t rn for and l narl I nI: t >he o, er-
Apparent Needs. 1 Ii tAhou, al, three thouaanri m nle ',-I -

"T ie pIe-l' u t e inited State. i.a.ta Tfe,' ab tairi fr.-,m Twar iintil tIel i
Wqu k i r and !' r '. er1 i'erta t ,- cr d -ihri,. mI-t" d ar f t ri irnl.m.a n. itra-'h

l rpi -reni ne' d- P a i' t are t >~Int h. t dii n.,] i-c an dt int. a n the n.mo t da. their rt-
ti' i t- a L t r.:.:. rl. I n. i ult r i i.n nI.: uit un- u -atn, ,..hih Izatii-I Vn..

mAte i cl- .n ne .i A i 1ao nit.:.iher' *rh, -. n. i' rae pe- ir r.i.ai- t--. -hat th
in fo-,jrn and h ,-,ie i i-ii" ithe ,- I' Tlj is t ,_i t-I.l 0 'T Y.itrie i t .tit

.i h n .::.i.lt- tl ri'.i1 t_ teil i t ie *alt'- a, ni. t, h- ar_ l be .-att'd - in Florini a.tt"
rof i h' act .iria -r -. n' tl-',:t I Un -,-d t ... -,-rro:I n ni- na, n tof -p 7h" ,t," r' .-.I ,'1b
.. 'hi 1.: ipHr.- rh t a," i rn. r -.- n ,- : .' h. nd, i d th i -, a ttr .lrttoak

It tak p t ,n n I he--r p t-: sippt, a .:-ol- ,-, r .ilt, to yc.u to -proi' t .the Am'e -
eri r ; utcd (threb.s ldidred nill..:n in l.:|;as from Gre-rmr in *-om natto.l n
.almtn-i. tp r ann m a .ti a r.- mti..ie : .t e; I Ti r.,'m (.:n .-it ,i ,a l hl a' wa il n-dr
*1ie knr,, "tks hirIw ch a tt]', l. ;.--e' ,.,,' ', l,,_ -tn Erri ot Tnrnai ala

lt-, it. T er P areii apparent dI v.i 'f.l : r for ,h t and. c a :mer azn. i a borami--
dappen c- Apparent .i Needs.-,r,. zl hr._- tiiarahml- c ttas tu lPS, lIn-

\\'- kn '.y4 lljat thie h .:.II e hurts -
"TlcIt:'n.n I.- .n' n r- r, r Lthe I. ,: r tn s.r l ; ', Pr .'lta rh. Tfr.hm mar u tlt] : th,' r

rin extent I am arl-r. th rt a crtion -
qiaded k l' d ,nnot enter t oe .uarn- eDnu, ld Andl met-nd ,,fnrc,:]u,:irrnz n r,-

- Tli' re n r t hre' essee1 i an- --' l -n n t. h- tn h ne "tr, th^n rnde ir I .
ir plant feiW;ed. nyiat- ,pu_- i[, p1,_i I t,'nU tInr Iv 7.8t!,'.n.

d. p-fn ;.. a-I.:Q ubd i i ar miintIi-

tion.i in bl.'e k .Tl., ,er, i e , al.-o n - l}',e
t' Ctei in th'c hilt eipr. ,l T r "
ifact e tak, e r knte.-nt," h, I.:,a il e Ca l- o -Ir';to p oec h ts i
r, o In,.) ,, o', n + h;n r tiu raannn -,-' tr ",-n va a

n3n ean [ Ain a i- wt r ir tlle 9 ll
S' r aim li. e be n ,:n. t ; '- ir t mer an j s irte

have cNden .is.tru.:tr e.
"lc rnant i ::-- e i ni -ls the pe'(,sern i. e .,."-
p. tra -ngjri di-tr ', and nth n-'.r-I
'PV ata t. r,, i-[ ,mo t.-. i hrtaP.n Ih a ni n

eti kn- ti.e r.d- ,rt anuprlt:. a 'd it-
r iht.l y b l.n GermanNt S.:. ,I f I

di:- it i rn t ra p in 1c- 0p c-;n,-'_ aran- i
tin.l the poly -r..m r ng

-tha tkh n: i thin a -irl,.na ',,he t. ils
SCompany b,,e it a ma ne in 'n, i d -t- d t l_'ir

ricnt, 1n n nima ield. the reias i taL
i.adr dhe .inhne o l ntr the uiar.n-
efor hoo mt re.' e-il i 1 til yard --
fr t v.Ultimate. Needs. at '

i tr ;rI,:m thie-n e. -s if our ta oi tfi n |
o i plant f.',ir,- nca .1 ft ,i at a proh l-
that Jeand L it..: n' a- n. Crl Lake..
,al. s hter I. a- A in e t pari ll i-
tIrhonk i n i..i,' ir.n s ri-i.. 1 t: ,ni-

i- kI]p Isr.lih I ri,, sat i- n.i and t.,: |an
to':e n tho Al h; n th e P.-,i Tn. o..s
fact ,- ,i.:'hen; pe r .ar.N- ci itan-t, I I-
L 0 ac n1t %r. t, ." Im( i o-. 'el 5ii'n'i I n:. l 'Wil e,

-.;. ir 1i'i thl. d rn. Can'- iiu <-a:i t1h|'
'-bo t II a rm li '.b n 'i r-:I i r llzin a b', i

r I r < ll . e o f t il l r e F lu I-
*,N -xt i i.-r in crin-t -r a bndrn tr; ,
I i.:- e.n Fli i. On. -n- lt nu .I ll S L a r, d ,' t

S't ih hi t rt-- r hP h pr r e,.: r ie i.n p' 1;

:n.i a n h r.a-i. r .:.-' r milbin people n
.tl.- Plate gn. Fi. dr and t,-uri' on e un-
lt;.i t a.iria; ri,. at tth, pn ,o:un. o : ." r-
tha- ..*.1 V e a- at ---A -,- .n na z hn r-cLI
Cent rmpan b- i -t-irte rrns inrI. illi I hn--
tdrie.- i. iln urn -. ,, eiae i., t -e r ,_]t~ b r
'-ecn[ n;rr.- 'ltli i sal -i l -ius. -d J ,a-.Cks
o\t l. pr the r s ii e pl.1 ti. ;1 -..it' i pot-
h -- rill. o i-und- i.L atO.e- .1 r c ent b
f,.:. r he i -.irn t rti Nr a t m tc.ii r-, ,l. i
t- i- .- ,-- ti- rit l 1 to1,,t-r- a:.-i.n

o rtal 'Io I !:' le.- 4in ourl i -.i1ntis nd
then- Je-t L-a 1.:, :, andt-- .nrlii hu,-..
Ca ,P:._-.1cr{.r c 3o mt a.rtmofn our

i-dr.i r Ilin ilre 1-p*.iind r 3i l 1ou .-.- il E.
-is t t, hi- li h at ill p Io babl. i. IL--

I t [ ip-t.'ii (tir' '.' in'r oid a ri -'.e--n- -
( pii I uC i ti \,i .i' i a i gr-I'enter rCCnount t'in
**ou r .il -a11t hel n thi e lp production l
lnl- the l,- -il, ai r, r not oe able
to help .'l, raI e i -ra en trint flues, but you-
lia Jiht-ir, .I hl- a ,u rt-,t ii Ii''- Tp',, tI
''brun On olin-t h-In ti, k'lp,' oe ukctoin

can hel. iilr p: -pitc -ir Fl'orilda by show-
inc them he.,'. ro san their ashes for
the farmn. T.ai ran save. wheat bran
from lien n-mi exploitation by proper
national lel.? -'-ne. nf'tr the war.
"*C-' man'. s plh--r-liiets come from her
i*ni r..un.irie- a, li.-r ii-,n is of a low:
"iu ill, idl i t, e i l l.p lrial r'. ...ll in *a
i1'. fur tie t i. ne ****rIe a ind Impurities in
It. ir.1 n 1 a,' r h' leh i A l rin L up a' ilux i
tn's p n-' T>nnru.ss *i :. and sold com-
n.--r. i-,ll Iin Ihi, r tairtV Cry 'll^'
Ti s v r i l-,gleparid.'.1 llpi o'i Iher fe-" pot-'r
aii Sih: its; itialit i kc;i antI d:.e' dom- I
ir.-a ,, .e rInhi-pha: mI arket *, f the I
'.ri 11-' ri a Ii 1- I, maken sul-
phuric acid from pcvi "-t for the acid
ph- artIa' F'r .-i 'lhit le she consumed ll -
all ._i'1 ie- .I13 nlio' friate of this coun-r '
Ini. it r.ill z ,il ,r'l de are b, --- :in ineI In' "

i., n'I'i, til ..* rnm- Of it O)Urgel? T
* FiOrl' d I irnli 'lic t 1,: st "' ntr ;crnt.
of Ih1c qIlippIv or i.hol'ph'le Of the Unit-
,d s Stai.r Tha TUnitei Sta'te furnislhes
mnre thin ri r4..-i -l--it of the world's
iur.prv 'ct -we shipr.-i ic. r. rm n, for
replnemnent nnrd si.e sAell usis Thir-mas 91i-a
a 1.,', rra.de is., .prn.l.lt -1i r. ijrrn, nd
thu while nnot produ-Ilnc: nriturl phr.o-
phate she controls 'i.r -auppl ar-.rd -uts
the price on our minIed prc.durjt i j 'eip
miles away.
"Statistics show that 473,639 tons of
1"i r.i irl' were exported and of the
pihlle r.,,ck .04".'.-1 t'.ns out of which
'-" t- Ir,;rn were :prt-.e However, in
ip'o iiei'e were c.nl ','-'" tons used de-
n-. r.r.rtd ,'9 It IS r-q.d,,' -'ean that while
a,- r mirnI-nc n*.p : .1i ; .3 In.,r ;nrinc Ourt
o.in' lnn tl n -,ll i r l' r '.- n *,r.9 .1. -r sin|ea
i-,, .'r'- th,: '-* "r re-.ke ou~it. find todLay
there are n.- c 'r -rtT in Germany. Our
---v.rnmnt Ia b-nrnmng independent of
prln Fn.- I',e- ii r.hi 'rl.- 1.-I.1. Ern iJ et'-cf--
nin-c Ihla h frnin pirri 'iii" I "- r -.Ui r' nc Ifi
-* p ,e-ii.-li, ,ll ii Tn ir h t be said th at
-r hll. i,. -r rlt.' that (Germanyv does
prnduee 4lIe h'" .-.n I r.e--'- -tfl Ltnr-
rr' i 1 ihe r.- i Il.-II -.: did the
I' rr:n-inf -.i l.f'r -nptl'a.e- t-m C(aile
he same i other ntl'ons, but.
di ll'. l .1 i lliZ ,., I lr. l '. i td ll Hil.lt n rl"e






and R.,luting to A_ ee9nmenis. ,Collee-
S---t,:,1n and LDistrlitlltion o,'f Tax L'pon
The special tax *:mii i urc re.t'Ed 0u',' t rie esa h'hirim ilnt o -i a e.- onorl.i de- 1 jiai local laxa, .:.rin. prol hiding in eff-..t Lands and Oith r Pr,:'-rI',' In Lh-,
th-,a I1 laisat i .of' Dill anrd .:ui.''.d it ln [ ,.>i:-.: t,- .:.1 pr.r:...i.Jrg rev? enuje for nria l [i E F:talna .-ail aoses; Its taxes upor, t l.L- irdi Lo Pr,_,\idr: t's r s -: S I
1- S. Jenrir,,rg T L iarKe alnd E. '. ELtde purp.s, Ici L t. litring arid pro- ralr,:,z. r=e l ra li. and tlepnone coin- of Separr.Ibon *,.f ,' lr: ip F.." SErr. DJ-
Iatthel v hir- prrpai'ed a ,o plte and ',id ig a d f.ini._ e..:.ri licaj and iu-' .ranl1,: ii[,'hn. la'ine u?= I.x:. 1 i.- I ie. ril A-r a i:'n- rs.11[. ',il,= i r. n i l-
ol'm ir e'-rneh l.- \: .por' irE t, prrei--rl-,: to r 'lpio oori [or in and, ,. l tio n -e -. anu l rti,-.ir t i l d rd ii i b I "'r i 3 I.u I*,:.n
U lie i 1.-fi 'ir.. I'' t. n e m ontri o' r i or aoJnr pu po.i-, and a II i'." c-1je. an.d pli o .-"diriE l 'i, *l1 ,- Land. ar. -i- l i p ri e IrI in
]'.:.r nori j. rat.r. n.rlI .-,.on .; V t at to:.'5m and power of equaliz.3allo in ie '-irirl. m I |i ', t.-i'r I',-, i St3 e ''I fo r i 1'. PurpP ,, E : f P ro'lv illpng
b o d y o n l i ,s i [', :', n rl" e ,r lo ,. ,-: i ru n l iG s h -i b 'i n. n o l o nr e r k a xt .f o r p r: ,r r p ,: [ o .1 ..ii j il atr.r Rnt i.iie E, l i r C. '. l 'in-na rn.'l-e o f r)e
A. i t-ui[ ,01 it* rn .' i orc he an s*:,:il' r .,l r -n n l1 1,.-7 i e i 'l'nl l." O hri thar [-e u, :I. rEi n 'i riR erIsJ r, f r i e a nd ,,i I *. f -
.:' jmm n li-io n ie i ,'i tr uijn ri r d ; lion p -ithr, a s i-e :ou rc f o0 re,' enriu re -r e p -a ling rall la in -i.rl l ... In q-l, rem -n t = ,f h *E rl ,nd l i... "u ileq o
rii.ant an, .pinO-ii l. t r i. : I,- .1E i 'pa ra le i rider this 9 ',Fterm, rand are en- ici -Tl, lt a ia, bI ru i,.t,, i quli g. in 1,f li t .,.f Florldn ur.l Ir R.la-
,uniJq alt bur.i i- il'l-i-i ir iiI.i tii-_i" !r...r(rideni ,a,:ri oJtl, r. it elT-( t-ih t hr a .e -reini io l :l hall Ie liorr Th" er elo
SIn in'. -::[iem % rl:i i.: in rii, lt ar, r i uld be L..'orr., in rn il, in trhi- changee pUI) Iil-,.l n caLi ..-iJri ih nle i c e ,Be It En.ri.:t, :. t he::g-I.le of
nposl, olo : o f crilr,-_ rn-:nt, az far a- it tVl t Zpe.i-al dlitilct t ay.e on rallroads of' a ri-- .lir.,-er ..l ri nral .:lr..Ilatlon. ir,- l. lt- of' Fliri. 1.
i-:late- to t-e6 gencra] lpr p-i[t. La[., foi ,and teil-rap'pn ine and. omner special within a _lh:,, uniri pr, :,r [.-o) the mn'- ilng SerrltnI 1 That I:or tll. purpo-: of
hi." r,alon Inha. th- PO, o i:r 7f the tax If ar n hi-- and i.rorrir vould. go0 t,;. of trIn :ourt Ir.aird' 'f e.u.ahlzation as f-.._uring an eul|j. nI .ni f' ,rri o '.t Of
EAe,. or ar r l'll t .d, E I. L 11 i ,I i ll trdlrri-(: ., r..'-.,f, re, and -uih pro' I. -J r... la-'. Ti rlom m ii I lai t.' xa isor -i i t.,. o thi, ppTor, 'lation
L.-r. Of r ', O : ..:iJun and 'trJ,-re bein- ta-'.- 'vii i,not In an. iv. ne al e 'te- d by,' .rilted at i-, c-on-.iion liaL thie peo- ior r ,. uI -re-it exper A s .f thi tat
rn:., p:,,n.r 1i.,.. -uAiEz- ..l iton' r-e- t lr,- .:lane l' : ,:trri a.: proposed, nor. r iPf' r.:. n r l .:r tr," ,o land o .'ne;i= EF., T.r .s- r 'i rd ri 14 ,rlI t.r EP ''
t,'. rn the .-':n. -i :-, Ii, Eln-' rlir---; 1 : tl'.. lli. : p.n.sr ti-'a in 3 rn:.' proviid for and n i n and n a lairg- m eal ,,sl"-- [,.|r..ir:ir l :.r. c. rin- le. arii Ec..
F.l- uit Is marife t. ta a .-:. *-r arid tax *.,l.i:.tor, i .-. th i rne'ri-nr"- ,:[ f th, ,ounl', comrimmn l so.'- ith re shall L.: levied ip,:r. th.- i-j and'
-From e rP r .- r ,OL ti. it.on--ro, .-:>on Eit la e :.rpill :' r -'ulr : -:- and ri.: ..-- .r,>- r. : a- rc.iar,] o1 '*qiqJ li tiior. are prar'- p- r sor l .1 op.rt, '' the di.fer,;nL I
i.:.I.l,'irs extra.:' 1Ir. ra",1 -. -: i, [i.a *lr. IIEI .-|r s .l, rr i- i l r~_-r -i C r ain' *.*L:su- 'hi'ali d iii i. .pportunIll o pa c iint .'U .1 r :,.-s lal' E 'd> *c 'i 'l4
p_,,,pl- c !'n:sa-i i-1. rl i.-. :[ lI i i.,ri : L it : ,re l[i ,[i i l n,- ar nli-nrm and .:nar.i r n I'ati;- E in n ,.= pr. :ir a r',r nt :1 ,: lizn1 ., m i n ll' Jr'-,P i hi d'io ll:r i1"11 o e I
'hr at nr-b'lin r .:.r ll,. 1--. lar..1i gi- 'n ti- I h.-- I r,-, ,ild .I,'.., i,:. i.- n'a1i. r l -. mrg'Il l.'T ltir., l n ,. i unr-n i r-,r *Ilie artionl 1 t ,es r 'i i r1. ') I i',' 1 hall be m ade ffor
i,-r, T iirime ru. iElK.- -u sE I[-..r, a,. r.ii- Ier (rrLeT- d I o, h relar [t.'.r I nf paperrr or of a, pertaining wheth-.r s-sh .. i poiie except ,- rri: irn A n
cLu nmtI 'ion. ,. li,_r- *-pn :,iail; i: qti ei llt \ -lon itlutina 'itia rjn dment. to Tihe .oi ri-i, (-, prJ:op r of the .o' rl;' Is re 1 ',,\; rn ,f [hbe rt. ind i inrIe ni a ll
a u.i bt d,:ri inine r, LI report n[t ,: hLt h,. e po -'r or taxation il .:na 't.i repr-:3red upoin the tax rolls I .e I] i f.:.,r e, h or flle ear 1 *1.3
SThe Io.rr i-i .,:n i- i:l .-.u: .1 'a''ihg nr:' Lii ,iri' er ed, suspended na ,r con- .nI ri,,p In r re prott i .ystem': that the peo. a1 ].>l ta ,tr lU li,,rg na'l s-hol t-a,'; ,
i .r- plan al ,jtli ,-le I t- i:- .-[o'r ru oje I ira; i-l .a, that all taxe shahl h e I n ,n oi.liar \..:'3i orion- A' .Etill', one r i ill upon Ern doi illar
p.Doli, thai tr. f oe:p.l rEm rave an r- p.- unlforrj uron ir. I a ic e da:i s of property fil'l oc-..iupe, -iEln ti e i a.'- of id'r. "e,. ". T rfd of coun ', comrr -
..,rliurEt; of *-.c.ri,-lersr: it arndi m-kin_ ilnin me terriiorial Ilmi s of 1ilc auh n 'id n rEi, sie timtr nor [he o, port,,- spo r,.-r .- n ,r' c-, nt' -t i mei-eting
iJriEr r Snig s ti ,r 'ii -h ti- E .O i- .umni thorllt:,' 1. inE tip I .. anrd riall be nr to i,,ei. t ax at-:e or .: ani i ti l -,-crrel. ting and re' v i nc t h
ron ir'.'iFc-. in [Ir. a 's sjr r e tnat rr., le-.i'd anr i:olli.: d ifor pur-.i: purp e. ,o i.)i [ [lie r lme i .] ', ihl-ii exam in- a I '. Vr- E r Ihall i r-e5a'- Ii s E
._onirn iralon nLil reriir 1 i.r: oirii' and .:.nl, 1rnar ill- the c-orn. tiitl-r.inal pt.,i i tlon .' tn3 a's- -' tnt a th- e, a r i. i i urp e in. liding the C. ur -
i,,r flr-r -i -t' -.i il i, -ren,-ie:- or._ i-.i- cin.d .n Eli 1 ::nri t-i r orl ,f 'nir,- n 11. ii :i' a-':'-Ecla inni',r ,l i[ El, n-.ai- n. i, l nt E i-r. -- itxpls-. ntirs- L L n -inr ir =
ni-' flri alJ, .-d l-_ io 1.: do '-. Flu,rda irn conflict. n i. these a uuvr: hail ,a' i,ori pla.- .:1 ..n s ia] iseiL 0. or p rOtpe-rtl- rI n o[n.r n-, -- bond 1 ,ed -t. r ,-i a --i nd I 1
Defe.:I,- imn t i, tax I .- an.r,1 risd,-A be r.,p lled. of -4131l '* i-lu-- o:r o .:-o, n,par-,,g 'ali, :- nl -r aldin-,o and r- .nei th.ls .: ex-3l
asre s-[ torth 0o. I.I_ -:,imni'l- Ioni a i- !- R i(- lt -ir ,a coi-'r.ion o Ef the ,-,' oe'r..me Tr nl .. .: '.-,erahi. lnn- anU o fr E -n e, ll llr a hiiei-d ro -,ia'u th,,: E -a- t
Is, .Is risl 1on tI-, F ,l'ier u,:-i a rprovlslon the tIe fa.las e .-en ,al to male ar, intlligl ,,, n E. Asn r'h r oi mhr. c au -srl .--, Es )
Defectas. r ,ilt 'j ill I e i.o remotn -e tlie obJectionable presenriato ri i ll ail "- '.alua' I t e , '* A a dlei- r- or. ri,'rin realm
Ld-atrt r t o n s rt- sfr ual r or r in ar- i, psrii i, r i-n ar r.all Er lI r. il
,n -.E t hav- .s .- ls ll ti-n of t Erle nE, r rn, "- s 1l.-i4 a l .n. o r to a .rinn ol lI h d ioi iir -oI Er, r al
r,-- ai and in r.'i. ,,efeci m i r -n i ur tis t r inn aE I I i.' l .a r a h-erep naf e r pr-, i .t l -r! :, nd ,


r m dor a Ton j- ode' .rf Lo lna n .r r ^ ^^:'% ^n ,I tn an t a n theth by a r m u ly deternlinition anl P, v -31
is-p r.si. n-ii. a iis -.llE e il.a e la ir l. Ire .' te s 'rtin an' palrl:,Iiarl personal prop.pr- lt c t f thr ,r, ai eter n p oii lJrrlaEl r- i I, ,Ir
,-1 ,e I n m islC n red at upon
-,, Ti -,en IC i ,ic pr, ,- ,, ,-Lf iF. Tn a n s i ualmA d st- ,,I a l -l i n n -I Il o m rlt I :- t .nIr:l-' fr--,m ti le tax r'i- anr mnnl ,he rmt I' m : r- --E
T h ea dopte ,, at, L" ll a ppo, ti,.' ie nt ).t'.r Itli r i tile ",:, m.:-rn riz un ta- T.ra red .orb ,a f.f uth I ., ,I d of cour n l"
ct. [ r oE aTthish l,;, n r lh'n- i tt ra Eii -ian r -i T sr, i r: r- ': r 0 n u r 1. a t irle a- fit L t w., ar- tc rt i ls i re, -rind 110 u, n t Il in ..II
.11 re mn c' I 1 iln rne w r. m.ia u 1 -, l e scloi l Thn an d1ll -thar t I,--, I ,r ij, lt -e om n ,h a.,r- r a to ii TI t:. -ur
nv r., lCe' 1 1 inliCt t be ippa i c it ta i e. I E ari- dI angerlrE t- 1li a la tie cn p t esE tedi .e i l],e_' a a res r at nul i "r, e ater1-

s-1in acrttra support aran m-altenan.re o- _u.lIIr a tamherndmenn and als a nI the co-str e:x.:epl Iup n f ho ilfiar. 0 r
l r ,r es E -,ret -.ar.',' so-r l ,I '.e ei al o:rs n e R solution, I or o r th e r.ll re d n anI rolling ', r .- . -x eel- :r^-, is-
Ti .on mane tae:o i -al .:or ,r. -, der, irdi 'olte ar,-i in ie -rop srii.n ad utnorln he hl plh.lir, ,_f the In r wi ,p eap ,leps i anC p parlor ':,C I pr, o fEa rsr ed.
lemepo i h ut E as rnai l .on le I-,d nr ai w hin E E.r lt]- "s AIll enL al,-le EE t. s iEt R .- .j n Pr- ., a.. ir, n in I t end- r riturr .j. -btsi d ih -. cn troll n.td A1
-Eis .ons -[iur ion- l d e :Te rafl rrd lo prrz pc r ia E x e .rrI.uiI il nnI? r 1 oir.n 4r, of .haptrr m. t. of Er L,.r. xee- s
I,1 -r- d1 ed a n i us, i l and pr,,t al spE tjE I I- Tp .i o:f e prl nti rE a ; E'. ..I:.r s in uta on .a t -' n r t of Flor da. and thIn ih-n thhi.- rl. i fSftl -
ian in -r, aL' l i n .i m d i, uri ,rm and eIu, ai)un l. mainn er. ion tra r.i l or i .; n, StaEtc thho .l t rmt hn aols) ,o f ,ain.d r, 11t 'h01 he nuill .a.ni
"a an-i r ,lh ha-sori, mar,- ,.liffieuh ,]s,-.- ,-Iuallzatain ma, I., mo-sre I lilly Cd'. iw.,,l o's- d and nEo bul Es .h i i',e nri. LIue,1

ia) Tre m 'ral rem id'. -.- l i Hi .om | pn ,h 3, i -ra!; attendln..e I d. . nm i3.'o rr -riall dira.. fne l-x .I1 wI I:It a d .1 i
uRid uhrrou.,^. a o n:,n t ,r. .. Bto u l ; a Ir aS y r : r. n c the sa
t-I,. a J-s ,cr ni raJ ti onl i n. .la, thc ha- i,rr R e ulaE -T',, 'ommsEl Onal i n un ti is cre in;pr, .e ; n n rid tnaa as reoLn;t, In anr:,- ,lur [n I r, E rIntat, _r-r Eh-- snoI-
r n It ta 'e i tar t tis c- sr fa'- trr E-, r' e" r l, ,h r_- a 'a ih s & r a l a n-i r.' -,, 1 arndmrI a p ar-i a--r- i p ro-rF arnfde c or eonr, cs" h Irnl la Pro dm Imrsh i- rorn e a

4,- -a n ,ar in T rib "n of 1L5 fu n. n arn ^ eag lr J.f a a 9r 1 r o f I. r u [n-- p pr o ti li oado s rae-I 1-d xi3s 1nd t. Annnualofis und
n tl I-, a t tla i.l ht E inoi l.'ts al i t -s.. n i ,.,. r n ,il pt. -:.t,-r,11 -h.d and n-ain- the y ear 1.41 In p -mrrd noi d,_ e-:
1 '-n t ari l ls -i- ,, l l,_ -,, Ei- n l. ri ", a n EntF =,s ',rs- r- l i b31ris ,s an1 Ebl l riL -. -IIIro herE o ungt n to o niti g rloner .. In a s,' rr .r ng a n i rd e-
r.,:i Th fa or,.I-, ional arner,-i rr r, e I- arpe, rlinu ,,i, t Ere ta', ri.-l I h e br-: .grt tern1n1n F, r n -i -,- td of rnri, I ,r C' r,
-s a m oi n rIt i k tila .u- n I. mP t n- I sEl E Int R est-- 'I F Etstn, io n m ra ised by tax fos'r Lsa. frall
,,, r F ,i u -% zin; "r'a lu _- 6 ,,r .3t 3 e a lo pued rinil Ltn g t, [, h enti_ a p pr i l n rnnr nr ai e r :," [ 1.r !dlj f li, rri r T h a lr
.r:-eni r,- --E t and is-s ri l il. rl] iu r-it in 're,-t on Elm T,) s:arri, Fets r ,:Eg gtsl ,ns lo- -'e--t ba ie their eEI til rTit i lpo rl r inh; troiouni ti
raul. cs:hol funl1 and all other meiar.s Eli-' ,nrnrmn-Inr res-omrint nd.i Iri s a op- of taxes ,t h t 3rr t.,r r-. sal;Qezs l ..r, a tll
sro'o e, n .lu. ing the i-u:n,, lal Cs- H ., r l r .I- t C -tCl [ l. ) ixf- l nrn I g, nt ,S ubtn l ts on ai the rtal anad-ir Far- ir a -r p I to rm i s o
]Ren edies. thne 'z.U loirt an,- E>ln i tnan, s ro 3b hE" rr a n&n i:rint- and-i a-,-'t. the xos e- ,-pt si--n Lhi i r-s'sF n.
Er.-_ a. i. onz t heriof i r pan. l ."-,l'ii lsR c -solution of th' .- r ,- ,, 5nri rolni ng r ai 'r p t or le- la
Tie ,: rtm ,-_ -ri aia- .r, ir, .ir nin tr bi h t. i i pa ,n r.rpn,: lrt re ansd ar-,n she oe ras-h ul oes. 9ti ', ,'- ri ar;i l ,lr Ia e ren.te
leIernEi, =_. hatE I-c-_ nnal', -j,_r ,ir : E, 3Ell l [:I r 3_. io-.'" j riai r ,i J.,iht R. -':,--iO ln Pr 9, o_.rn Aniend i- as ro ret a nrr,,t Is rL i- ,nr B,r- i BElli ,Ir,,es

i, idieo an- o zuiib lnd l it ] ba ".. an. .-dot m s .n ailo n they Tao and e, In poactlon 12 of of ie A m n r i -
lho z s itn s E seUwitsu t so nT s I _s a .' tt r e f e r r e d I s i -o f e : , u IT s i E: I i p-ios. , .st Ac tti o n :,:"1 -rr ," os" h t e o un':,t 'h e Lfsm. .l
Prs i'steml o -ti os- n, cs* n d en s 4- 1 hap'erefr*m t' I r s- vet'.n
I.,- reirn--died in Ea uli;efl at,- -r, L, ir l a ,pecl Il' in-i-ai ei [s- isn RrI : AInr atling it) the nt,- f iiOc- iat. ,nd t .vs h-m-r t I- rEt ,
n ,. nr, .': p- r i, n ,i, tr.r -lars of ,oI-JmlssionEr- eEcsv.hoil tes fnr tiuboothi LPEli-dard ,-sf ,s'-l ,_ph
s, d i tnirir',mihr -11' -mi-o, r. u n ,. "t io .. l', -q :
I Tr,= !en_ .ral retniAd,, li. v-,Ii- lii -)m- uI on n lE- 3.', -,:, aren r a d- atrn ri-r ,. u .r tl-n l ,aan.n shall be e PI h nr d rsnall ir r ..i.n Iel i tonI Eer a-

l -ol ste reTea- urfl.rn? l ac nt-a ,-r,.iJr su-, o' ni d u.po ponti t- p.r- l, p u. ldi thYt th sBmIt _e sha-' Iel_,. t1 hTt LEiy tsl salurr of
jin' non r psi ctpifl-li 'i- s-ac-Is Bit. yI a- n' ah' -,Lsn r o sa me, o f taxatio ft 'iat -r ia n Ii- E
re,_omrrmensd ion .,-oneatlin,. tal.I- l E., Reul -The u-,minrnl- .-lon ha'o faioon-,'} the btate ouf ploit da" 5.- sir Is, l-, e ." a alh .s the same i, taxaion. Is. T ,-ts-nE, and inequa,
s,_-r s t }-' ss'pan'at'rL at [I,- .iil s, _K th t te pre Cs r, pn l r ac-- I i-a if ,]I T-t t ,, .,ll,- r arirlli.iE nt oof sa of t Exa E uon oi Li a--r upon all -re a l rie an. In o nfar lE t h r e ir a ira
-rata e arnd o,:al tixti on, pr.,-'i lIng tI bat tri ,~oan of hn,l fur-]c ,in er age ag' F. .- iE f a t.is'ls, 1 of the ,?crl.itt p,'-rid r,. In pso-iner1 [ u n the :-aounty rigs to rn prit P-ic of mnel .liti espha
tht- dRals' 'al a s-c. '- E [a-le,'.- upon rasl. tendani a. t -it ,i-ll -hi-cs? i,' I InEr 4uIta.le- tiaen o lf urr no I b nd 11s th i rlb ets ri c-I re F ri ltr3re ins pa-,pern of t he ralr' or- th Ia t-'ve [ is I re ikf q no ull tes s-rU I
iid. tiei-raph ani Es-le-phir, 'e1)rm- arln-ids n I s i. rI -= tOperatlion.urnd nai b tr' e st at shool t r nd r ure and th e s'am r. '--I.r of t h r elr a nd, rvidirng cu ln s rhar oam-re, rndt-!,',t i,. r rn
rpan.i- mILellsaneou in'.Ela J h- bliA 'ubJect rio ii ,oslts orntla d 1s ihz-- l he Cr aprse tE) an shalhe 8.b i n- arl s as esse upon Viluations r- ans.- pt o fpCsTa an-h Elu-n rr'uorinrand&ii
--es n I. rh : I i tdJ to thf ele,-tors if the atato at t uirn-oJ Ic I n A .x apsErsoosr b y the a-s a remedy In part ia, r such Ine- ali-
celn eC, fo:-r the full a ri-,-lunt tof En nnin.i- n: rrnlannalr r dretrr, and Io rnmalk{s thel o n-il he i-e neaI e htalB r nei lhalate a f ir :ll n roler of [er statE of Fa eso) rid Lies tbt a rsrieda a n pae t ri t er n s h n r l o
s-bdr vau' .and pro.,ing i [i ou i tiu n .ro, n harmonize w-th3 Eri E r a e Fl h m n i i t- stam o he l t a a
may levy 'Otheir aon n EIEs-,5 f-cr oE1 r v3 G general ,.n',n, a reached a n ths ,on- Tua :da-,. after inc rlrn l'lsndir In No- [5 .r-i a ui m rrmi ll f I s'a [ taxe ', aaessu-d tscErrtalndng be t 'aihs- Ein.l e s 3t.-
nn.a le v on prope r [,, o f 3 10--31 _fo aracr rOtl n eral e iq e '- h e p d o n r of the sr s- pl a e s upu on fo
I s on th, ieiI contemp late-m a com plel e vemnter A.. DE I1i ior ratification or pu sir s Isi amu s.td bn etle rperty of rh' be a to n pac e upon pr operE mus E es
-'[her thin the sri,'ces aElts LIoii and somewhat ah ical .bhangs' in our tax rn.Jc th Elir, rto-wrl I I rash , nd ro-,lling stock. telegraph, niaje ts na.rle t'xpoyerz snli. [Elie peo-
Reguit.-The -.-',ilt aintic -pars-sni under v-,tren. whIlh I' in effet Ill. -i.r- fs-arstIhn S-S-ctlun ,7 lt 1i el- I' Oif [lie cron, l- p 1" i:r a id c l- Ing ca ,o returned f .r pie Ito& Knrc.' o f the .'s -Iuev ica l nl saron
1f. rs,-.s F -ts=ni s-,oull k,-.? I 'As a inh'.rrn. osrs [lie soura,' -I r'.ep'eri 'et- eli i the -i-u ,In he1 r r- am _ist drd ao as io 1" s ,a ; a,. nls rI n Er,- nt c l lprclled at tro er yle m within ls-sr kn-i v.I'l dge-
_tM e, ltia on ,: slate an l] c ountie tlait it will be ne,ste'- as sha- l hfa. b ptorils- i, h'tnl a an n le ted, bs L a b may be m a Iai ln -
] E dl 'amo nt -, o I ha'sa as e n 'n made r- :cil "sc I .-,n 7 Prc, al rnl, .hall be a na i-It EnlI, t ,e State Ir l'rr LO is- used term ine In trei r oswn gui-od Judgment
t.nate purps-'era bm. LDr Cloai. l. l fur I a-. f-sr pEm rtslo niTenut arid die- I I E-e t ]-rrrte,I epenses of tis as to whether oi- not tEnir o,'n prop-
eal unt.-, nurc ole. b. uls ',i _nt .- B 'e''srE rl s-rs. of t're interest on tn- state ta- Provide'd further r. That th coun- arty is assse, too higr, -,r to si,-coaer
and so ma ain i rt' _ltt I oa[ pro i .- 5s cho..I fllurd al s al l other n ins, pr-,- .-r, on an coun may wh or the
ion reqilrlnpn a Sltle a;es.rm nt, lh-crbh vided. -m a using ihe .pebclal tax mr thb- e' as amitIr an tax ra.nt to excee r, i a esed l w d to thri
rneult.z in a 'io-,al ,hll .irbution amsina the Furpspurt anid marnt r, nan,-e of public ,'-:,-r E-Ill, I .-,n ihs j.oillr. ec,.r year, to end tLbA cesmrrnisaon nas Strongly rec-
'-ari Jsi o-ulntwg'e. that th i pr,--is's-n ,)s free ss-riod-tI arronrsg tile S-viral oii- '. a 'I --ia E srid, n Eriis i lst, dineisss arid oErllirf ndesj t El a s--i ii, etht-- -s-
Irie c-son i tll ntl orl er-,-,eu] i :. t- nil,.ills-'ni l 'd El3 s-ct I ih-- state si' Flori'da In propor- liEri rs-z. h1 reh',r. Pro,',v di., that n)Lh- quiring l ae pulilsation of of e tax rollp
to work harmnlouuI. tIvrlth the ice.% C-- tion and ap,:cn the basis if the as3- ir, In [h1 i c c a;t Sh Il r-, -','nestrus l as to billowlng the values placesi on each
tenl: and -it -, an -,-m.-nm n lA . ",ll si lon f thn prihertlee t n, ,,lrt r sn ',n v c ,is's.-nlng to erect a plece of -rop6 i. an-d s- far as man be
sn-.o--e'set forth. the ,c,-ills'ilJEoi iC-rai nsr-uv. t1,- \,ni-ss c,-~inn leo tes' pe, tlvAJ,. of r:oU'rth,.- s- joir l. ar ,-orn-truct pa'ei'l, the name of [I, o. sh r, --'nr t the pco-
Ta i s I%, ca -i isi l. ctr, z-,c'o surfacesl pie may ha-ve the oppor-usrlt,' Of asseer-
;on can abe m iniasncrnd, "'his-El ha' it' Rsessolution. il ,,-,, t'n,.n,.I-- i ther amioun at of raininir Rid liniting the VrLuls,)
aius-. (sin ,e a rc ,I t e .'a t is [ElsE E l~h J J ,ir t R a il,it lo-n P r ,- ,s, lr1 : an, A il .id 'n ,e.,- i r .,'- n o r, a ll '..e d I: ,:. la w fo r p la c d u p o n [h- ir ow n v r ron ser lt ,. ii e-
a m o u n t r s -S '-i ', E ri lin di n o I F i -I P r n- Is-. t h e !S ta t e (-',r- r, A t i 1uTri ,-n -in El ri r. -sTs -e th a l c-:f t h eil r n e ig h s ac b es-il]
tE) is-gic al a n -p'ropriatiis-n ,-_nr Inhe s ';failt m _ni t_ v-is-s-I i-sf LI ,.ala Ii's P io-s ,t tI.,r prI o rp,,E- Prs-sc',Js fiarr-ii.r, tin t I a p hat E-i ph ei ih Bi l .ii ll-
there of' In i-ro li ng a ,_.rla t I,n i.'un or lh,. i'u r3Je ,t oi' L ,g i. a t ive P o w er bf i e fore _- ing .r,'%, ,:) i rela tln t to I'-a posntio n I.,. presenT Lhe lsi' -n ,q ua.i-
DU i,: s-.. .It. '. a n-i In t[ip di tril ,ii on T \l -itton a n ,ls [0o 'i ,-'.T i A ll oin-'r t!- tr x -- f',i- r ,r- n roiads1 .hr .ll niot a p ties. to thl on ard o f eq ualiza tion, w rio
ruler_-so, baied tom thie lualli o[ the tiUt I bon I _trr,, o Iors c-n thi SubjseLt -I:'].' j s to c i-dn n- rot -:,ns-.true ting paved. are In great ne ,el, as the conmlsAiorn
,n'ns-soai ha-c-sir Lsasn it.- saiuaI~rt urel' thf I n r conflictt with thi Pro','lIion_ Hen-i n-., I-sielT, i s- -,' ,:, n lard-.urtae'd fnd' rf a nire converniert fHnnr ef
prics-s-JA rif 'u.Eclil tax an rQ r,,dleii i-, thpi --Vtl., r I F -,,d-. as nori- pi l, 'd-.ld b:,- h-.'& ad in comparing the relariil, value -' o as]a-
[ot 11 'aluation' lherc-of. -,Ibhoilt an'.' dI- _,-lln 1 article ". anL,:h sh3ll n..'Ir ItiF nat '-',:,rkIn, road q under cent properties cr prop'ertlis of s.imrilar
rs s I- i eOr.-, i.m'! i ,'-s. tr,s_ ,--iurst:s ecmnilssione-rs value ani claeaas. therefore th, fo.-
tirin in ah.i- It Ir paid, [EU-n rr.,aking N fead ,'; ifoil-cs-'1 rf Jach is su-h ruunfle' na.. les- an lwisng ls-, i'c Enactmd:
appeas- i-s .'our csmml._-'iln t1,3r it I. a .s.i 9. a ,-i-Ittonal tax ni Es's e xrev--1 thrs-e 's- BILL T-) BE ENTITLED
j a,,i n-i c-lwtaiibl -ind -I.v 7 br? ba 9. a., ni rticle 9 Imills illt e inlal Isn, th.- rs-l and per- An Act In Aid ot the Administration
will harmonize with the prooseJ n-C il Thy ,o%%er .4 Faxa.tinn -,,n.l ,rol-i.'rtif the l county, the rev'- or
w ei of a taxation t, thall ns'-.r h sUri-ner-es- od. su.p,.rd--si esr, ui -s -s i e ,i EIrrefr'- in io bb- usa-il Revenue eand the E.tahllsnlndent aofa
,yte_, txa~n.j i ~c ,:,n i ae a %:. A ll tax,-s shall hi'. s-sd a prr aed l hi ,s-h county oeam-n L -nl c.rri n Syste it of Taxationi Un.ler
T unitsni,-, rifi-or, the sanie lass at nrap- ofrsi-sner' e 'h.eIss'sely for the opurpose the Law Providlng for Separate
Laws. t i er1- "Lntn the teirrtorial lirmitlt ctf'thb c.,f conatrue(Ilng pa'sed. macadamized Sources of State and LoasaI Re'-nus
(a) To enacs- Florida to a jnrt the authorlt:." levy'i'lng tne tix ansi shall be or olbher hard-',urfaced roads, a ind In Relation Thereto.
system re.teerred to.. and place [III, 'amr j l _j ,=i- i i s-- ,'-.Ii.,:Ctes f o r p_.u : n.- un- .., r. u rr a- is-se '._',-ltm sf [ze s epa- B- e It Enacted By,' the, L ,s-giTiature of
on" a, practical ba.--'il that will nrsav.Ile n O--c- c That -all Ehe conatitution.'.i r"-atm ot resours.-'- ocf state and local 'the State of Plcorida-
state revenue zuffrl,;'-nt fori suCh nIll- prIov.Er, L-sntilel-d in the ,sn a itu- IE-Itlon rs-,.'h~i that the stm. shall I 7ectlion 1. The e'Inlv tax assessors

in-t-re l[o Uin,!lr Irlto [he present system

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