Title: Miscellaneous Newspaper Clippings
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00091223/00001
Finding Guide: A Guide to the May Mann Jennings Papers
 Material Information
Title: Miscellaneous Newspaper Clippings
Physical Description: Archival
Physical Location:
Box: 22
Subject: Jennings, May Mann, 1872-1963.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00091223
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Full Text

?rglades National Park

is pictured at Florida City after Friday's
for the signature of Sen. Spessard L. Hollc

Caldwell, w



county surround Gov. Millard
program for his signature. *


FIRST SHEET of the commemora
well, right, by Joseph J. Lawler,

s already have done, the
ig then will be in order,
said at Thursday's EDD
sion meeting here.
idea will be to get pri-
iwners of lands inside
ree big districts to ex- .
I their lands with the
or other public owners
blicly owned lands out.

rig a comn-
At right is

strict, leaving the
n areas wholly free


res are pri-
4 acres in
; 25,070. in
2 in Dade.
their wholly
)D or other
)unties hav-
sts. Other
ved are ex-

pectea to cooperate in
projected trade.
The EDD declined to
in a United States eni
plan of removing or bl
existing navigations strip
in the West Palm Beach,
boro and North and
New River Canals. It d
cur though in United
plans to preclude nav
on those canals.
It voted to ask the U.
Conservation Service to
a study of' seenage froi

withthee-loo r

ration in-
;irl Scout
The girls

o Dip

with three-toot r(
are daughters of


Election I

The Salvation Army
the advisory board
for the coming year.
Officers re-elected
Houser, president; Mrs

-(RP)-A commi
'ampa ministers
be gambling I
r "there is less g
recentt years."
ling its report! a

the job c



Herald Staff Writer ***
ardizing of Western Hemisphere
port operations and eliminating of
allegedly unfair railway rate com-
petition were urged here Friday at
a seven-nation discussion of how

ttee to increase foreign shipping and
' as. restore this country's war-disturbed
iere domestic ship commerce.
:am- Speakers from Canada, United
States, Cuba, D-epinican Republic,
after Brazil, Argentina ahd Chile partici-
for pated in the panel talks marking
there the second day's session of the
American Association of Port Au-
the thorities. Their recommendations
had were to be referred to the associa-
of tion's board.

1 corn-


Prospect of America's unprece-
anted overseas shipping declining
.e to international financial rea-
ms, was seen by Walter P. Hed-
en, director of port development
'the Port of New York Author-
y. This, he said, emphasizes ne-
issity of restoring domestic
ater-borne commerce.

nt from a na-
well as com-
nt, said Brig.

played a
salary of

Inc., o
ch ore
man J.
,A- Wt'

of na-


To promote inter-American ship- BI G D 0 N B I C
ping, simpler and uniform import- Miami, Fla., sits beside Evang




viiri w ;; w -v

sclosea sriandy.

., -WK. 9MSS

No Complaints

Partly cldudv and mild: a few light
showers. Temperatures at 3 p. m, Friday:
Air, 75; ocean, 73. Chart on Page 19-B.

Saturday, December 6, 1947


* No. 3

Florida's Most Complete Newspaper


a 38th Year 40 Pages

5 Cents

Seven Great Services
*-Associated Press .*-United Pres-
*-International News --( Wirephoto
*-INP Soundphoto *-Science Service
*-Chicago Daily News Foreign Service

Truman Opens Glades Park


Arabs, Jews

Take Fight

Into Arabia

Reign of Terror

Reported In Aden;

Toll of Rioting

Mounts To 100

By The Associated Press
JERUSALEM-The toll from
five days of riot and battle as
the Arab world's 40,000.000 Mos-
lems violently protested the par-
tition of Palestine mounted close
to 100 Friday with belated re-
ports of a reign of terror in
Arabia's Aden where 44 persons
were said to have been killed.
Authorities attempted to evacu-
ate 900 Jew\s from the village of
Shaikh Othnan, just outside Aden.
but 14 Jews who stayed behind
were murdered.
Aden, a strategic port command-
ing the narrow Bab El Mandeb
strait, is a major coal bunkering
port for Britain's trade routes to
the Far East and India. Between
3,000 and 4.000 Jews live there
among 86,000 Arabs.
Arab guns cracked along a five-
mile smoke-blackened "front" in
the border area of Tel Aviv and
Jaffa and Palestine's death toll
mounted to 48.
Elsewhere, in Egypt, Syria, Iraq
and Lebanon, Arabs faced Holy
Mecca and prayed to Allah for
help against partition.
The British Colonial office said
the trouble started Tuesday in
Aden after a partial Arab strike
erupted Into an invasion of the
Jewish "crater" quarter which
resulted in the deaths of 44 per-
.: sona-82 Arabs and 19 Jews.
The British flew 300 troops into
Sthe toin from Khartoum and two
mpanies of Infantry were. dis-
bd from the Suez canal to
S- support a naval landing party
. which was attempting to restore
order. A curfew was clamped on
the area.
SReports from North Africa told
of outbreaks in a new quarter
when the Arabs of Derna in Libya
stormed Jewish shops with guns,
clubs and hand grenades. A nuin-
ber of shops w h e r e American
soldiers once bo ug h t souvenirs
were leveled.
Twenty-thousand Eg yptians
gathered at Al Azhar mosque in
Cairo and broke through police
lines after hearing a fiery priest
call for a holy war.
From Damascus, Syria, the rum-
bles of trouble for Palestine \.ere
Basic military training was
started for volunteers at second.
ary and high schools, and Fawzi
Bey Kawkazi, military leader of
the 1936 Palestine Arab revolt,
%was reported eager to go on the
war-path again.
In Jewish Tel Avi\' and Arab
Jaffa, roaring flames illuminated
a battlefield where 30 Arab homes,
evacuated by Jewish families, were
set afire.
A crescent of gunfire reached
from Salemeh village to Jaffa as
Arab snipers were answered by
patrols of Hagana, the self-styled
Jewish defense army, with bombs.
grenades, rifles and machineguns.

U. S. Gives Orders
To Guard Americans
can diplomatic agents throughout
the Middle East were alerted Fri-
day to protect American lives and
property against any violence
growing out of the Arab-Jewish

PART OF CROWD at Florida City ceremonies Friday is shownA in this photo-
graph from roof of the city hall. Seated in foreground, backs to camera,
are speakers and visiting dignitaries who turned out for the celebration of



Die Instantly

3 Killed As ran Hits

Car Near Homestead

A man, a woman and a 5-year-old child were killed Friday
afternoon when their car was struck by a northbound Seaboard
freight trai: on Quail Roost road. nine miles north of Homestead.
The man was identified by 0

Homestead officers at the scene to
Lt. Ben Demby at the Miami po-
lice radio station as Edward
Schini of 122 Antiquerra ave.,
At the Coral Gables address
It was learned that Schini is a
musician, that he played at the
Clover club and Opa-locka last
Friends said that Schini and his
wife recently moved to Silver
Palm road to take over manage.
ment of a grove. hut that they re-
tained the Coial Gables apartment.
Schini \\as 41. His wife w'as
Betiv Schini and their son was
named Danny. They had an older
son. S.
The scene of the crash is one
and a half miles east of Kronme
ave., a road which goes north
from Homestead to the Tamianii
Homestead officers in radio con-
versations with Lt. Demby said
the victims were killed instantly.
Two ambulances were dispatched
from Turner Funeral Home in
Homestead and Constable Tomn
Vann. Homestead officers and the
county road patrol also responded

Club To Hear Powell
Leigh R. Powell. jr., president of
the Seaboard Air Line railway, .will
address the Traffic club of the
Miami Chamber of Commerce Tues-
day noon at the McAllister hotel.

Anti-Inflation Plans Ready

Voluntary Gasoline Ration

Plea Soon May Be Made
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-Administration plans for voluntary curbs
on pleasure driving were revealed Friday as Republican leaders
in congress scheduled a meeting to determine whether "two or
' anti-inflation- measures can be pushed to final passage in
the special session. 3

The voluntary gasoline rationing
plea probably \will be sounded by
the White House next week, an
Interior department official told
the senate-house economic coimmit-
tee. It will be in the form of an
appeal to the nation's motorists to
curtail unnecessary driving to
save fuel for more essential needs.
he said.
Sen. Robert A. Taft, Ohio Re-
publican, told a neus conference
the senate Republican policy
committee will meet with house
members next week to draft a
GOP anti-inflation program to
counter the broad plans re-
quested by President Trunian.
*, This may include measures to
extend export controls, regulate
trading on the grain exchanges
and curb Installment buying, he
Taft also revealed that the Re-

publican leaders may call for vol-
untary allocation of scarce cost-of-
living iteinm. But any statement of
principles. he said. \ill have to be
agreed upon by the leadership in
both houses and then checked back
to the policy group for final
Plans for the voluntary gas ra-
troning p-rogram \wee revealed by
Robert E. Friedman. counsel for
the Interior departmnent'_s oil and
eas division. He told the sr-nate-
h o ii s e economic comimtltee that
some w ates already have begun a
ollintarv effort to save both oil
and coal supplies but the federal
agency hopep, to co-ordinate all
these under one tent."
Friedman declared the nation-
\ide voluntary campaign n is
planned "to avoid the imposition
of any drastic means" such as
authority to ration and fix prices.

Winter Storm

Widens Path

Across Nation

By United Press
A wide storni area moved
northeastward across the nation
Friday. Leaving disrupted tele-
phone communications, slippery
highways, and at Clayton, Kan.. a
derailed freight train.
Weather forecasters said the
storm centered in Mlichigan, but
that sonw and rain in the outer
fringe was falling on the eastern
In Kansas. 22 derailed freight
cars were removed from the
main line of the Rock Island
railroad. Officials said a thick
crust of ice on the rails caused
the cars of an eastbound freight
to jump the tracks.
In Iowa. 22 communities in the
northeastern section of the state
were left without long distance
telephone service. The storm had
left 53 communities in the south-
western portion of the state
isolated and no sooner had service
been restored there than iti
formed on telephone lines in the

Today's Chuckle

An intoxicated gent in a hotel
had repeatedly called the tele-
phone operator in the early
morning hours to ask when the
bar would be open. Each time
he wnas told "11 o'clock."
Finally the manager took the
call and he said '11 o'clock, but
I'm going to see that you don't
get in."
The intoxic ted one replied
indignantly, "I don't want in, I
\want out!"
-Pullman-Standard Carworker.

Herald Reporter
7:43 a. m., 12:30 p. m., 6:30 p. m.
WQAM, 560 On Your Dial

Herald Telephone 3-4411
Classified Ads 9-3711

Amuse 2-3-B
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Crossword 17-B
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Society 10-11-A
Sports 12-16-A
Weather 19-B
Winchell 17-B

S- Ain. llllHM tu. `."
the first-day sale of the special postage
lion of the Everglades National park.


Strike Points

By United Press
PARIS-Violent battles border-
ing o- civil \ar broke out in at
least seven southern French cities
Friday but the government main-
tained control of Maiseille by
throwing 10,000 French Colonial
troops from Africa into the strike-
bound port.
Strikers seized control of Arles
and Saint Etienne for most of the
day, but were dispersed. Similar
attempts in Marseille were sup-
pressed by tanks and troops.
In Avignon. police beat back a
mob of several thousand with tearl
Fighting also \was reported from
Beiziers, Narbonne and Perpignan.
Nice was isolated.
While troops battled virtual re-
volt in the south, the Communist.
led French Confederation of Labor
made new peace overtures by ap-
pealing for an audience with Presi-
dent Vincent Auriol.
The council of the republic,
meanwhile, moved ahead against
violent Communist opposition to
approve the government's dras.
tic anti-strike bill and send it
to the printers, the last step be.
fore it becomes law.
The roist violent fighting was
reported from Aries 44 miles
northwest ot ",srseille, where
Turn To Pa g-.A, Col. 2

U. S. Releases

British Loan

LONDO N Pi-The United
States has agreed that Britain can
draw the remaining -$400,000,0) of
her American loan, "frozen" last
August my mutual agreement. Sec-
retary of the Treasury John W.
Snyder announced this Friday
night in a letter made public here
by the British treasury.
Unfreezing of the remaining
credit, on which the British agreed
to end drawing when they ended
free convertibility of sterling Aug.
20. will enable the United King-
don to continue purchases in the
United SLates necessaryy to main-
tain its present austerity pro-
gram." Snyder's letter said.
This will not. he added. "add to
inflationary pressures in the Unit-
ed States."

Added Honor
For Jefferson
ditional Jackson Day dinners spon-
sored by the Democratic national
committee will be known next
year as Jack., n-Jetferson anniver-
sary dinners.
The national conmmitt ee ex-
plained that the change was made
ro hnor the anniversaries of both
Andrc-w Jackson and Thomas
Put magazines on your Xmas
list. Handsome cards announce
\our gift, pleasing all year long.
Save time and trouble. Order now
at special rates. Willis Hall agen-
cy, 2-3831, 9-7710.-Adv.

stamp issued to honor the dedica-

-Herald Staff Photo By William Siapleton

Red Rioters

1_0 ,


By The Associated Press
KEY WEST-President Truman, enjoying his Florida vaca-
tion in bright sunshine, took time out today to put the finishing
touches on the conservation policy speech he will deliver at the
dedication of the 454.000-acre Ever-glades National Park at Ever-
glades City Saturday. e

More than 20.000 persons are ex-
pected to attend.
Mr. Truman will speak at 2:51
p. m. for 12 to 15 minutes. He will
occupy a platform w\ ith Democratic
Sen's. Claude Pepper and Spessard
Holland and Gov. Millard F. Cald-
well of Florida, Interior Secretary
Julius Krug. and others.
The ceremonies will be broad-
cast. A television newsreel will be
made for later distribution to tele-
\ision stations.
Mr. Truman is scheduled to
leave Ke. West aboard the
Sacred Cow for Naples at 9:30
a. m. Arriving there at 10. he
will then motor to Everglades
The President, in one of his top
moods, \was handed a new weapon
at the submarine base where he
is saying, to deal with congress
and any dissenting politicians.
The weapon is the form of a
scroll and a commission-formally
designates the chief executive as a
submariner, a veteran of a Nov.
21, 1946. submarine dive of 450
feet at Key West.
The president, weai ing his white
sulky cap and jauntily swinging
an old American Legion cane, got
a big kick out of the doings.
"The admiral of the undersea
navy" charged "all officers, sea-
men, marines, soldiers, aviators,
politicians, senators, representa-
tives, bureaucrats and landlub.
bers under his (Truman's) coni-
man to be obedient to his orders
and respectful of his opinions as
a qualified submariner."
Mr. T'ruman decorated four
naval heroes of World War II.
They were Comdrs. T. S. Hartnan,
of Columbia Cit'. Ind.: G. H. Whit-
Ing, of Lumberton. N. C., and
George L. Street, of Richmond. Va.,
and Lt. G. \. Clarke of North
Bend. Wash.
After the ceremony, the presi-
dent dro\e to a nearby beach.
donned green swim trunks. and
basked in the sunshine.

'Buying Panic'

In Russia Held

Not Important

By The Associated Press
States emhassy in Moscow has
confirmed reports of a "buying
spree" in Russia, Undersecretary
ot State Robert A. Lovett said
Frida-. but he cautioned "it would
be a mniirake to attach too much
importance" to this.
The undersecretary said it is
the State department's opinion
that this situation "does not indi-
cate a breakdown" of the Soviet
economy. -
Lovett added that Russia's
economy has been subject to
periodic shake-ups, although
"they are inclined to state it is
shock proof."
Lovett told the senate appropria-
tions committee that a telegram
just received from Ambassador
\Walrer Bedell Smith indicated
"panic buying" because of fears
of a change in the value of Rus-
sian currency.
This cable also indicated. Lovett
added, that American newspaper-
men in Moscow are "unable to
pass reports on panic buying" be-
cause of Soviet censorship.

Weather Aids

Plane Search

By The Associated Press
FRANKFURT, Germany En-
couraged by the first clear weath-
el in a week. U. S. Air forces in
Europe today put aloft the largest
aerial armada since the war in a
desperate search for a United
States Armv plane missing seven
days with 20 persons aboard.
But at dusk there still ,was no
trace of the C-47 transport which
disappeared a week ago on a
flight from Pisa, Italy, to Frank-
There was not even a radio sig-
nal or a fresh rumor to provide
searchers \with a new clue.
The la t message believed to
have come fi om the plane's sur-
vivors \.aas picked up earl, Thurs-
day morning It said passenger-;
and ciev. weie in desperate need
of help
Smart Real Estate Buvers Drive
out Biscayne Blvd. to N. E. 135th
St. Buy Apt. and Tourist Court
Sites 10l0x150,at $2,500 in "NORTH
BAYSIDE," Greater Miami's Finest
Development. S. J. Cowing, De-
veloper, Ph. 7-2494.-Adv.

20,000 Spectators

Expected To Attend

Noon Celebration

Herald Staff Writer
The Everglades National park-America's 28th and only sub-
tropical national park-will be dedicated today by the President of
the United States.
The celebration will start at noon at the tiny town of Ever-
glades, four miles south of the Tamiami Trail and midway be-
tween Fort Myers and Miami.
Interior Secretary Julius A. Krug. Gov. Millard Caldwell,
Sens. Claude Pepper and Spessard L. Holland will be among the
leaders of the federal and state* *

governments taking part in the
The formal program will start at
2 p. n. from a palmetto-thatched
platform overlooking Chokoloskee
Starting at 2:30 p. m.. the pro-
ceedings ill be broadcast na-
tionally by Mutual Broadcasting
System and National Broadcast.
ing Co. The broadcast will in-
clude President Truman's 12.
minute speech.
About 20,000 spectators. are ex-
pected to try to crowd into the lit-
tle peninsula of man-made land on
which the town of Everglades
Forty members of the Florida
Highway patrol will be on duty to
direct traffic.
A detachment of 68 members
of the -Florida National Guard
left MIami by truck at 5 p. m.
Friday to bivouac overnight on
the school grounds at Ever.
glades, and be on hand to help
police the dedication scpne to-
day. They took tow ambulances,
and will man two first-aid sta.
lions near the bleachers provid-
ing seats for 8,000.
The city of Miami's courtesy car,
a seven-passenger sedan, was sent
to Miami late Friday to take Presi-
dent Truman to the dedication
He is scheduled to fly from Key
West to a wartime landing strip
near Everglades, then motor to
the town in time for a 12:30 p. m.
official luncheon.
The largest procession of auto-
mobiles ever to cross the Ever-
glades in one day will start at day-
break. The Tamiami Trail and a
road running south from La Belle
are the only automobile routes to
Everglades. A single narrow road
leads from the Trail to the town.
Sandwiches and soft drinks sold
by five commiuniiv organizations
will provide lunch for early, ar-
rivals. Cotton candiv .ill add a
holiday note.
One thousand special guests
will attend a fish frv at noon as
guests of the Everglades Na-
tional Park conimission.
The official party of 64 swill
lunch at the secluded Rod and Gun
club, in a dining room paneled
with stained pecky c',press and
decked with stuffed samples of the
100 to 150 varieties of fish caught
in nearby waters.
On the wall above the spot
where Piesident Truman \ ill sit
is the largest tarpon ever caught
at Everglades-a 157-polund giant
Turn To Page 4-A, Col. 7

Big Future

Is Forecast

For Park

4,000 Hear Talks

At Florida City

About 2.000 school children and
as many grow\nups attended a
coming-out party Friday at Florida
City, southernmost incorporated
place on the United States main-
Officially, it wsas the debut of a
postage stamp.
What the crowd turned out to
celebrate %\as the start of a new
era for Florida City, "Gateway to
the Everglades National Park." It
is the community nearest to the
boundaries of the park, to be dedi-
cated today by President Truman.
Sitting or stanilng'b e gra# : "
ariund.the speaker's pJatform, the
spectators heard forecasts of-awhat
the park will mean to them and
all Floridians:
"you are used to the Everglades,
and to you it may not seen un-
usual," said Thomas J. Alien,
Southeastern regional director of
the National Park service.
"To the rest of the country
and the rest of the world, the
Everglades National park is
something very distinctive.
"You see it now in an unde-
velopedl sate. People cannot get
into it to study natural history.
"Gradualiy you will see the
place developed, with housing ac-
commodations either in the towns
or in the park. with transporta-
tion facilities springing up.
"You will have here in Florida
City and Homestead one of the
great tourist centers of the
The crowd broke into applause
when Gov. Millard Caldwell pre-
"While there are 28 national
parks, this park, as the years go
hy., will sit on the top rung of
that ladder, and will bring more
people to the state of Florida
than any other single attrac-
Bright sunlight streamed from a
cloudless sky on the scene of the
program. It was in front of Florida
City's freshly painted city hall,
facing the palm-lined business
street of the little farm town.
The program marked the first-
day sale of a green 3-cent stamp is-
Turn To Page 4-A, Col. 8

Park Ceremony

Program Today

12:00-Fish fry for invited guests.
12:30-Luncheon honoring President Truman. Interior Secre-
tary Julius A. Krug and Gov. Millard Caldwell-Rod and
Gun club.
2.00-Invocation by Deaconess Harriett M. Bedell.
2:02-Selection by Fort Myers High School band.
2:05--Introduction of Ernest F. Coe and other distinguished
guests by August Burghard, chairman Everglades Na.
tional Park-Commission, and plaque presentation by Mrs.
W. S. Jennings for Florida Federation of Women's clubs
to Newton B. Drury, director, National Park Service.
2:25-President and party arrive as band plays "Hail To the
2:29-Introduction of first speaker by presiding officer. John
D. Pennekamp, associate editor of The Miami Herald and
legislative chairman, Everglades National Park
2:30-Remarks :by Sen. Claude Pepper.
2:33-Remarks by Sen. Spessard L. Holland.
2:36-Presentatiun of area to nation by Governor Caldwell.
2.40-Acceptance and dedication of area by Interior Secretary
2:50-Introduction of the President by presiding officer.
2:51-The President of the United States.

You should have Mutual Benefit See that vour fishing friend has
Health and Accident coverage for a copy of The Miami Herald Fish-
your protection. Licensed in Flori- ing Guide. Mailed in U. S. or
ra during the past. 20 years. Ph. Canada for 30c. At Herald Office,
2-0517.-Adv. "25c.-Adv.

Will Go On Air
-- .,.. .

i; .man Enjoys Sun,

Polishes Up Speech

^- *** - ^

-- --

-rg f

High School B(

Of Bus Hirin

2 Officials

Are Cited

By Watson

Herald Stalf Writer -
The complaint of the son of a ., ,
bus driver, lodged with State At- -
torney General J. Tonm Watson. .,,.-'
resulted Friday in charges of vio-
lating Florida's "right-to-\vot k" .
provisions against labor and man
agement heads of the Miami Tran-
sit Co.
Peace Justice Thomas S. Fer-
guson issued warrants for the ar- n.
rest of W. O. Frazier, union leader,
and R. D. Freeman, president and
general manager of the bus firm. ;
They were cited in affidavits '
presented by the state attorney
general, ardent closed shop foe .- f,
and unannounced candidate for
governor in 1948.
Freeman's name actually did not
appear, but the warrant \was made ''
out for "John Doe, president and
general manager" of the transit
company. Freeman holds these
The two were charged with con- 600,000 POSTMARKS lik
aspiring to deprive P. B. McCor- enrvelc.fs E.ent by st.mrnp
mick, 5703 N W. Fourth ave., of Ever1lades Nlationacl park
his job as a bus driver.
McCormick's son. Daniel, first F-
acquainted Watson with the case Troo s Fi- ht
last August in Tallahassee. The
boy was a delegate to the Ameri-
an LegionBoys' State fro Red Rioters
Miami Edison high school. Re R
Watson. according to Miami
sources, "became interested" and -n r amie
has been in correspondence with I
McCormick for several weeks.
McCormick worked for the bus Continued Fron Page 1
company from November, 193 striker izd enter cit
until October, 1946. The driver trike -iz1d 'lie entire cita
claimed he was discharged by the serious .hl t of t
company then v.hen the union re-
fused monthly renewal of his TROOPS ALD POLICE
membership. Troop reinforiemenis w
The renewal was refused, ac- rushed from Maiteille to Arles
cording to McCormick's version, help the police, v.ho reformed
because he had asked in a union the edge of the cit:,- after be
meeting that Frazier give an ac- driven out. Main tdiget of
counting of 50.cent monthly fees troops was the rail\a\ station, c
levied against drivers since 1943 trol point for the flocwi of ri
to build a union hall. rorcements and food suppLliesi
Freeman called the affair "strict- Late at night the police clair
ly a union quarrel." the', had regained control in Ai
"I am satisfied the attorney gen- but the situation remained tei
eral has nothing against us;' the
bus company head said. Fifty thousand strikers to
over Saint Etienne, an Importa
"A notice vwa~ posted on our three-wav rail junction 150 niil
boad at the garage that the man north of Marsellle, and held I
had been suspended. He was city throughout the day befo
supposed to have violated some they \ ere beaten off hy poll
rules and twice refused to report and troop reinforcements.
for a hearing before a union
committee. ViolencF tlared also in Mar-e
lull \ a quickly suppressed by'
"He didn't have a card and we lice. Mobile guards, detachmie
can't work a man without a card." ot French paratrooper; and I1.
Peace Justice Ferguson said that African troops moved-I into the
preliminary hearings for Frazier to take up pci manen position'
and Freeman wouli be scheduled Railroad strikes tiied to sti
sometime late next week. He re- the Saint Clharles station and 1
vealed that Watson had directed raLl traffic, but were driven o
John C. Wynn. former assistant TT IEE
county solicitor arid now in pri- STATE OF SIEGE
vate law practice, to act as special lMarseille ".'a; in a virtual st
prosecutor. of iege. TanKs iuLmhledr thioi
The attorney general also en- the streets, accompanieed hbv
gaged the law firm of T. J. Black- 'rr-l's oif tr'wo. CafP- arlnd -ri tes
well, \V. H. Walker, i and\ W. L mnaind closed and slihuitterd..
Gray'. r.. to iinstitiue civil action .moiiiun the new I iop- throv
against the unil:on and company into MaIareill|e \a- a battalion
heads. isar.uro-iper, juit reiurned frt
Gray, declined to ereeal what ,.'evice inn ldn-('h ia. 'AT
type of suit might he filed. hut -rit-, ,rh Jea rne 'Arn, l
said. "there are several possibili- rited during h mrian tnin.
ties." rired during the min'ni.
Palls renmained cfllin hut tlf
Freeman and Frazier wei'e ill e t ois r .mne .,ninFht te
conference throughout the after t. ,een police anI i stilkt .\ e
noon along w\lth other union and eral hacK-iu-work unilrnc' c
company representatives on a nlet iniied despite a pilal il \ivi-r
contract fori Miami Transit'.s AFL sllke hv "-' ,OiO i\il .i \
employes. worker in the mini-t li~ of II
A 35-cents-an-hol-Lur \age inc raise i i,:,,-', li.hll | i alth, ,tl.fifil a fia
has been asked for all workerss and German affair,. 'hl .h -tar
members of the Amalgamated As- Friday morning.
sociation rf Streiet El-ctric Rail-
wa, and Motor Coach Empinvei oe c 1 0 t
Ameri'ca. Student, 8, Dies

Chicagoans To Meet In Classroom
The newl- organized-I t'hican
club, in \h'ichn mrneri lip ha, LAKELAND -P-- An eig
mounted to alu-,it .aiji. .willl n,eet '**-e"*-ri]( i..1ol,, r", Mir mam Du
Dec. 15 at at n. t El .M.o ,ho r iL d :,l'le-rl i rlassroorm
hotel, Miami Bea-h da' at nft-l-, Katleen school.

Dr. Genoia L<.? Over-treat. fa
RHfUM ATll It'.: physicians fori the girl's parer
RHEUM A IMr. alr MrIa A. Dunn. said
v.oulrl ask tor a.n autopsy to
Pain Sufferers In The South Now Take terminhe tlie c.due of death.
C-2223 when rain. dampness and Before attending class the 11i
S 1 bad weather make the mus-I
des feel so sore and painful. Often y -ou girl romped and laughed with
start to feel quirk relief after the first 1'o classmate=. Later she sudd
spoonful. Caution: Use only aa di-i I:. fell fromi her chair during
reacted. Today-get a bottle of C-2223. I class.


A Complete Line For Men, Women and Children
1726 N. W. 36th St. Phone 2-6550
For Xmas Give Him That Pair of Give Her a Cannon 100
7.95 to 12.95 lQ5 BLANKET
Values-Free 95 Pastel Shades 5Qk
Alteration W 14.95 Value 995
While You Wait One Day Only

Men's K'haki Children's Balbriggan 2-Piece
Wide belt loops Sizes 2 to 8
and cuffs. Her- 1.98 Value 0In
ringbone and 199 While They p89
plain. Guaran- Last
teed 2.98 value. Last
Make Edwards Your Headquarters For Xmas.
Many Specials In Store For You.
1 Free Gift Boxes.
Ample Parking Space

S onds 4-A THE MIAMI HERALD Saturday, Dec. 6, 1947 Bright Future
Sy Brings Pr Bright Future
oy ri g NE P rK- bol Bya Tr Pres elced Books For Christmas Forecast For
NEW YORK-FollofiniR is r ,I eleced
liar of Fridays bonds or, the New York
Stock Exchange: A READY GUIDE for all of you planning to give books for Christmas
WO LD BANK 5 1;i,4 822- 2 is the book section of Sunday's Miami Herald. Two pages of news GI d P rk
(DollarsandMIirids'L34:2.. o .. ., .Glades Park
1 B iaa n Ina m1:= 2 of books for Christmas giving.
NEW YORJK CITY ,13A 65-'.- PLEAS FOR HELP are rolling into the Lend-a-Hand fund and the
BONDS nFs98 61-, -d, sued to commemorate the dedica.
S03 3-1 1-32NYS 6 Christmas Clering Bureau. Herald Town Crier Jack Bell tells of ued to comemoate the dedica
CORPORATION '.98 61'4 some of these in a special picture story that will make you think tion of the new national park.
A ..' '- ly AdamsE 2'a;5 36 -1 twice before passing up the opportunity to lend a hand. Read Postal officials estimated that
P 100 7-32 N'D 1 8 this in the big Sunday Magazine. first-day covers sent by stamp col-
3S- 2030 10,', NYNH"Hi nc
SAnT&T 4" 2022 '71 lectors all over the world would
2'as87 93'.- '. total 4h;0,0(0.1
.'w I107, -l. 4507 t2'- IT'S OFFICIAL. The Miami Herald sports department announces its
.' "2'4561 103-4- 7'' '5 Joseph J. Laikler, third assist-
2' ..1. 03,-B" ,I 2 7s- i!NYOW All-City high school football team Here ;s a photographic storyeph J. La r, third asset.
2s,0 9, L -r4. f 2 together with a review of each player's record by Whitey Kelley. ant postmaster general. said many

B&O ,- 'i 8540 14 COUNTY POLITICS is previewed by Henning Held+. political writer, "t will carry the story and
S17 T-8 on page 3-F, Who is planning to run and what is the motivation the glory of the Everglades Na-
-96'.1 '- NYreI behind these candidates? Henning tells the complete story Sunday. tional park to the furthermost
S.s82a 94,, corners of this land and to lands
"1.,ill5A -l'5 NYW
:i7..Au'. 82- _4s4f 1 7,-_ beyond," Lawler declared.
PLE ','V NiaFP
4W50 t ,.-2, ]0N Controversy aging Fi'iijav's celebration made Flor
BethS 5'2014 4','N__ ida Clt\' the second i tile state
V-s1570 96 NorfV','2 6 12';z4 itt
Bos0 96 Nor'P 13 -, ever to be designated for the first
i60 D -sto io r tale of a postage stamp. A stamp
4u 8-iR'P ;047 90',-11 c O oLmmfe rnoratinl the ihn 1 anni\ eir
.57 5 -1 7 9 ,,f Po's ssar\i' of Florida' statehood \was is-
BCR47N 34 '5-
B. n 20t 4' 27 sued at Tallahassee.
CanoSa4 100C F 2047roe .. The stamp, designed by\ Garnett
n&'4's 56 110O O&Leh4l8,)'
41;536 10- e OniEdr 74 Inn3 Megee of Miami to 1show the out-
CanP 2, low s C arol B lines of Forda and the park. with
5- : 4s perp g2'1- -4 OWRRN
caroc&- car3s60 i ',s a white heron in the foreground,
.t4s05 i-7' ; PG&E31070 1-i goes on sale today, at post offices
CerP5a i A -2 PaT -T By united Press throughout the counr-,'.
SCI 8 Per, C .rNEW YORK-Religioius and other groups raised a storm of Lawler presented a leather.
Cet4s49 102, 37 I.',,. protest Friday against a ban imposed on the singing of certain bound album containing a sheet
cRiv 35587 34"a- Ip PeR 1h of the^ stamp to Gov.Cld
c 5s87r 3- Pen p I l'- Christimas carols in the holiday programs of 23 Brooklyn schools. the stamps to Gor. Caldwell,
tr 3 .8 l s ;- : Sen. Spessard L. Holland; Paul

S3'-S iZ59D 4:49 t i i=tt te 0 o of educarion nJr
El re 1 the board of edaon Glades Par Washington to get approval of
cow '- 7 .. 7 inve tiate the rulin, hiih the stamp; Will N. Preston, at.
4a 2038 "- 34 P E PoaC L 'd torney for the Everglades Na.
"0 4s8 6 pinc4-:n 13', \\oulj af'lect all esth Lated 30,)00
c I To Be O pened ional Park commission: John D.
2Chl' 7-L Inc 3 P3f8,3 10 ,;i- cl on cio1ldren, 0.000 CofNi % homed Pnne kamp. legislative chairman
nC n-IStle l '8J 590 -t 4'itl'. ali t.li. of the conimirion and associate
"A1 I.21 99 ai t Sut.IF o S hI I aac editor of The Miami Herald; Mrs.
S4B37cl. 11% hao uz in. r A t N oon Today 'of Florida City, and Postmaster
co s9 60- 7( 11' ain lio. e n, in. Hugh P. Emerson of Miami.
41,s99 60',- r Phl'Pet
SCRIP I 64 99,-_ I'' cildinl tilfe Cilll'21 .g Of SuIh Caro I ls
S-Hera s 2 Photo 2 ', 1 l as r Cont inued From PageI August Burghardl. park commie .
--Heral -Staff Photo 4 1 60 131' 4- 4 &5 4' I A1,
8- -2 4; 1H hooked h', a 14-lear-old boy from Rion chairman, ar(etEd an albuin
e his-' Florida Ci;. Fla.. Dec. 5. 1947"---.ere aflixed Friday 1to :r 89-'Rd---i'4 8 '- Sineg' \wa unmo.r d h'. the pro- \e erit I st flrg trip to I li\ered to Sen. Claude
1 c llectors all cover the v.' orld t get irsIt-dy covers 'v.'th the CSLN,. 4. a 60'ra e per.who absent Frida
451 97- SrLSet.Facin hePreden'sper. who as absent Friday.
stomp. CTHSE21- .1 1. count 5,1 a, [ %%ill e ofa s rherifflos cakne The ghrernor, in his speech,
stamp. c 94- BS 2 "A4:'7 8R 'a Con'cerning the slinging of car.- rFacri he a six t f long cake cr,
4sA 77. 1 st n 4. l s o. ohics refer to e ii shaped like the Florida penin- creation of the nevw pak. He men-
C 1ork 99ar ino Night1 4 100 -11I-i ula, %tith Lake Okeechob,, and
WVork Far Into Night Cr63I S PK'48 ir haei a ireligiou- significance, ula, ionedh Lke Okeechobeatl rk of the park om
4 52 101' 4 r 41 4Pe'5- h1 sid the ri-vers in bluepicing.The
"1,-; rieSra Aibine in t mission. Holland, the state legisla.
552 16 ?- "On that, I adamant. I will names of the principal cities and e ad c and the Audub
CinG&E S not hack aay troin thi. I am the new national park in pale e, ad t A o
2ft 3, 'l ers73 t h98:4 4a" -it. orange ic ing.
E verglades A Shi e d prepared to fac the i isue. g the Presidenial Dan L. Meeker. president of the
cccL <-' The i. -e ennu_ | for thoe identical Redlands Ditrict Chamher of Com.
CE'i170 11 9 .-n4'4Ic2 the fl7r51 to ilsa-ticpretst the party .ill start with freh straw merce, introduced visiting dign-
C iTj s72' 105',. 4 SBT"T o-41 er.. \Vs l Marthlie\.v: F. XIKnned. be rout fom miniature tarie and seaer. n presenting
Col'S4'21 48 -2 S '.81 c- t (. h .\fsatere of" wie covered with fern. Pennekamp to the audience. Meek.-
F or B ig 4Doings T od ay48 1' ., 4';'6s s --orinlttee of tiP Ni .r" state Nextw ill be Ocaloacoociee fruit er described him as "the man who
Co8OE7 00-iIr7 9A; -' ,lnl-npl, of ColLinus. \,who cup--a fresh coconut vith polished has done more than an\. other matn
aonid B STEPHEN TR- bIrLL C Pco 106 s-- t rmiE -l It an "Inullt to all Chris- shell. filled with crushed fl'ults of here today to keep this thing go.
an By STEPHEN TRIMB'I the el ln. in and make ita succ ess ."
ftel' Herald staff writer 2Co,82 ~ 84 c,56 91' .. The oie ilpetel' Stone crabs \ ithl lemon butter. Responding afrr th
EV'ERGLADES. Fla.-This lo\vn that nnormally turns out l' 5n a 98'- 2%8. 94 called for." Dfr. Hnti- Caripenter, aspalagus, spinach and hearts of tion of the stamp abuhe presen.Scott
the lights and rolls up the side2walkso at 0 p). ni. didn't do it Friday 1s4222 5a 3- ,_ 3,,- 1tx tiivnE director f the Biookl',n paim expressed "the gratitude of the peo.
2r 39 TRRALepresse "the g, 'atitue of thelipeo.ep
ere cu1 8 -1 ion of thEGrer Ne: York ple of Florida" for them and for
'U be r 34's-I Te,.Coro P',tetalt co Mntil said. "Sne it the work of Catdwell, Holland,
to The place literall- screamed of language. and mule skinners Deere 365i AFL Council Seeks tennea; s i an .
on utl aTil fatr into the house 65 9') .a ,iTei tk.rI,&NOwas-vrn sandAF Cu i Seeks. Pennekamp and Preston.
on 10itle aodiSit far into the hour \.he think th,':\e good better statV DeL Tr 4,5 q a 62-2 e aOUS
ing nio,-mally dedicated to sleep n-c s0I-cple ha -e "con ou Political Assessment "Had it not been for these
the thel p.Lit the fTraishin wtollo, hpi on awal.' finn c thi .\\le~;sorth fellow .- 4s2042 MB4 3s 7 102 ove-
"the the putUnPac e haid the counc,(ils comnmis- \WASHINGTON UP The men, the Everglades National
cco n. eveltilng from the bulldinleh4 to or they'll just C1,'ip and die 3s-4.43 80 2NOR91 88's- I.
aon- eveolandtring from thebulilg to o the l just Dcul Sup and die on moral and i c affaii- has AFL executive council proposed park would not have come into
en- the landscape s for their a of ith env\,. 4 s28 51 I- 2',6 95- authorized tle di-afting of a Friday that affiliated unions ask existence and there would have
into (la\'stOdav. D&:altL "1 `ss7S 92 .- "
n to s tIe as neat as an When he lets go ith a blast c93 66-'. UnP "-'rr. on" r-.ol-.iion of prol7teOt. each of their 7..600.000 members been no commemorative stamp,"
FlorItda poplaon, will he hern re lets go h itih a blast i t 6.,- ;'a 7 HE IP YO UR O 6b DR4-2 P 1 a 9 734
ned parade ground when Plrecuilent things happen but fast,' and he ,e seL4, dV 1VaR35 97 -t A c lffei ,eLe point a taken to contribute $1 to help elect a pro- Scott said.
31ti66 t07t- 'a "'ab4581 8u'2 b,'. LcO Pfetfer. assistant ciire(tor labor congress in 1948.
le., Truman and the tinestimated can spot a blunder at 200 yards Det8Ed.,70 10i :-aialwrth Approval of the request would Mayor Herbert Hunter of Flor-
nse. thousands of other .wiet lans wilh the sun in hbs eyes., .er14.U 9 .9 rdB3'406 9 14 Ot tilt tonirniclQiol li rn and so-
nse thousands of othei Ain 'Iicas wh he sun i99 5 10. 9 te m an Je- bring to almost $18.000,000 the ida City welcomed the visitors. The
arrive for the dedication of the Dow Clemi 5,470 105 cial a ction of the Amei itan Jew-
k Everglades National Pa. s 1071'4 is Caongres-. ho, speaking for amount sought by organized labor invocation was spoken by the Rev.
t Itvergllades Natiow n eal rtha The cirands;lamedhef .3D-61 -DWPeu sCeaeeL%,i3"o65 107"n" f
nt It will be nowhere wnea- 'hat the circus came hee 'T-Ta s,- wSh4s23fl s8 the Crgi'reSS said: in 1948 to defeat congressmen vwho Fr. Paul Manning. of iomes-
e o neat t.d4en th\- leae tonight. E 452 99 voted f9r the Taft-Hartley law and the benediction by .the.
e eh t i 'ae tnrg. cais, plus a sleeping car for the 3' wa7 10 Pac
he T.Ielve thousand hot dogs t cars P us a sleeping car for the olo 4 2014 ilO'.- ,, "We are healtily in accord and state legislators who support- Robert B. Chapman, Jr., of Florida
re \e ous d h an crew-cauSe there's no place for 102 -1 \5 2'- itl Bilder'.ee's dilreclive. We Ped similar mneaues in their states. City.
fe e (hi4,nu c ~.hou lead inc an ',m to slee p in this tcvwn thik Er 61'- 4 hav consistently opposed nian-
ibe ,-i without lea 'in a .n2l 61'2- '2 wiion '8 10 ,- '.
trace--asnI that's what the cater- night. J1. OF 4'4r.1, wVCenr4s49 7nT l,, ifetaltins of seclarianin-m in
wh ttFI&aE.C.';44 5 -. "'4SD336 c16'4-4 the public school 4 Or,,'s n.
mille e-r will c-t out before the day IS The correspondent, at present 2 s 9 ADS the puric school syters.
(lon SeNor i's45B 4O -2 "\VE bElie\'e the ptlfe S T:ElA-K s
ippo- c're.e.,Crts, is booked for a cell in the GN2 11 '. 57 40 2 "We liee the pul
"" t n holdd )je free of any celebrationsSE
nts county jail as tile guest of Sheriff 82 2 Ante shl e free f an ceeatin
.00CC IN .A BRIEF ceremony before L.J. Thorp It'sas nice a jail as 3 ons of a ace
204B 5011 A iB'i 1 3'ao c i 8v-' ,s whichijla v einihir so z (L ik e E veryth in g E lse, O nly th e B est)
city he e to te speaker'srostrum he's ever been in. lH&h d 37 .. -l ,8 "" 3 (_3 a 8t-,'116
President Truman is going to get All of whihi inspire some l, and believe tat the principle 88
rm the Joudest shirt he ever saw of his acquaintances toe sa 'ma IC452 i Bem '. Of the'eparation of churchh and COOKED WITH SEALED-IN IUICES AND
alt from the Indian tribe that held 49 state which i one of the hasi SERVED SIZZLING HOT AS YOU ORDER
lt f-m the Indian tribe that held they tie the kei- to a i-abbii's neck 15- ,L "H BO6'At
ff. out longest against the whites- and scale the rabbit." ICCSLSs63A 8-1'rconcepts of Amierican deccracy. THEM:
the Seminoles. lr 4470" 274 ;63- 49 -I must be pleseeVed in the public
I e3m' s-j ]I, 5 9 3 1- ; s c h o o l s ,, s t e r ,l "
ate Prealdent Truman ma y* IntGN 48 0! S e' RARE-MEDIUM-WELL DONE
irsl, never know t4hat he almost THE CROWD that "c E 0 Bildersee said he sutigested the
.2 never know that h he almost THE (ROWD that ill run tHE4 65 57 ,, i ', uie of Santa ClaIus. holly. and:i mi-- Only with the Revolutionary Groetchen
pa- lass that shirt before he had the fi.h fl -,:,r the I1.000 offi- JnmF C !,,
e- Coe Oscola of the dele g t h rus through a Je, 104-P i El:toie but ruled out The Crtoj-s. Rotary Cooker can you get these positive
gation bringing it, broke dnun lrehear'al and the' sav all is KCos76 's5 7i., a i i' o at a oth results, and, of course, its at
ini his truck over by Imnok.- readcy. Palrs ICnu a 18'. ielit-us s' ,icols. He al--I -ug- I
n alert, 40 miles north o h. I aii I l tn of her In al- lLS&MoS .,sd6-Jan61d 19'.- n r, hiar :I".Jincallv iel 1l2 ruS.'
ot B.' somecnrnmmunication rtickl let thies \ ill le .0O gallons of L3h'Ninc 7 884 i tiFa1 20' B R O UI SR D
" nia"be bush trgraph. he gar bean;. allons of col LatNm c75 8a e seeo a 19' Thi appa!entlty i o ,pr mit
he \word to Kenneth arman. In- audl ,t. gallons of pickles. I.ral LVNY COinrt--,an" ""T- as tie Nir-.-t Before ii't1t .N
Snth ,orl Mern mixnd of the batter for the 4' ~0 64'. SlOt 7 .. 10390 OCEAN DRIVE PHONE 6-1117
am- to sw-hone the Senminole, 'arry hush~puppte5, the i'Eal "l i 00tat39 C.er52 842S 84lTritm De-'"
their troubles, touch in the repat. \"- I i- "' 4'.20,JD3 32'- oDe ;n42 9 '
n-. Marr.oc rushed ,. the ,,hle arded as too big a tak. .A r-cipe LrI49 99 Gur.6
nl- man' telegrapli and got nine off a as furni-hed a baker, n Foirt L'lird4 99 Grd r6 d
en- to Miles and Sam Colliei hi'e M'ers anti they'll bring the bat- 3.,. 100- K u K'
on- and a rescue mita4ion '. as di,.[- ter over in barrels 5 9 1
ice Preident Truman will pc-t his .A crowning touch to the re. 4,0iM 71'M- ',LN,-,rtBSH
nte- shirt. They're betting I-ere he freshments, and a bit of local ,'.', ]to'. Pr' '-
i'S \0on't look nearly as sill': in it color, lies in the fact that one 992 52 oM2- A I-
ted as Calvin Coolidge looked in the of the coffee hollers is from a Mirnnu'&N. I p0, "K ," 1I
war bonnet 'ome e;-t,-rn In- sTill that hoheiff 'hrpe con- Ss PoroAle0 NORTH
dians once put on him fiscated not so long ago and 4,sTt 85'' ultd 26 3 '-'I
4n estimated 150 Senm.inoh:. or not so far front here. It's a M-K-TS-62A 75t 2 -
about one sixth of then cutirhe dandy copper btiler and he's aJ5s67 42'- s,. -3 32 -i
Florida population, wll be here happy now that he wasn'tin a Mo -:, 8 HERE IS'YO URPPORTUNITY TO DRESS
for the ceremony' M3trrmoIn has hurry to smash it up. ., t
heen parsing the w cri among Th he leading spechalilts from ,H -saUP THE CHILDREN FOR THE HO LIDAY

.obat hdan.Mere Wlams ofr&'E Ur-4' AT SAVINGS THAT WILL MAKE YOUR

am- something of the head chef rile 000 Prelou dna. SL6i0( rt eek, a,:o i
u 4.395 0'00. 'er saen 4 685 -it-' h'"
its, THE SEGMENT of mi- local Floyd Payte of Napiles, Al Gotr- 6753.00', Jan 1 io 0ate 9 7'-
hlie population not windc-,s v;hng or don of Fort Myers and Hugo 920: .Vear ago $1.258 948651. tvM ) e3rsI
de- lawn trimming was on hand to Boe of Pahokee are here to work S215.9041
cheer L. S A'vlesworth a.l his with him. o
tie Ringling Brothers "Raz,rhacks" There'll be 10 separate chow. Britt and 40 patrolmen. Radio
fel- as they finished ere tirg the lines, with high school young- headquarters have been set up J*
en- 9.000 seat an rd brought stersdoing the serving in the court house. Ca counts
Sarasota. DAN BEARD, superintendent east andrwest ,J h,-rem andi re-u-
The secret of ciruS 'peed and of the ner Dark, a te at report[ t ill he e, -n1t to
efficiency ias Unfolded as the red- scene earh, w'ith 1-0 of his headquarters inlorerthat the
stripendered icteran Of 41 ,'ears rangers,, nat and tilim in their' on-the-scerie "i ntill ,a' knowh1
sith the big- i40ne uniforms of steg t wvhn to e, te-
hands inthe It all a iatt forest gieo trotier.rd b . Lre Selection
Sball-t pe caps a. Their nice frerb hi is prob-. large Selection
M. P "Barnr" Parker vet- ably wiill he %ell-wurinkled and I.
eran warden it the park'area sodden before this shomw is all
ea Feels nde wh ld aloni st giveai over. SILK
tFIN w I ri fvon. n' onng.for this J. T t '-n. a [e. ati DRESSES
SFINE No w!a ", tr o nny-trgeneral an.-iL [lie onilv -tate oiii- / o /d /-.
"Someone." he "aid, "Has to cl ie ith the diliOIUS istinctlionr- - Solids-Plaids
stay here and guard the birds of having tiltcr-i.nl a rock at the
r guess that's me." park, is- exp--ect-d here for the /Sizes 7 to 14
ceremoni'v-. ____"__ _-__"W.
Capt. T. A Ba. southern Oniv Thlir da' VWarson's legal
division superintendent of the airles '.a-i.ii thie -tate Supreme
Floridaa State Hich uay patrol. coult tr' ing ti have riec lared '
ihr;e "to take per-onal charge of unconstitutional the $2,(10.000 "'-
the traffic ituatuon, which is ex- grant \. ith which the 1947 ye.-
pected to be a dandy one. .sion of tire legislature inured V
HHe is assisted b Lt. Mack the project. T O I

It takes iust a few minutes for Liquid Bonded Shipper D DRE S SE S G ,
Cap.udie to releve headaches and GIFTS-CRYSTALLIZED FRUITS AND CANDIES to 6-7 to 14 GIRLS
,Ieuralgia. Capudine's balanced for AND MARMALA 3 to 6-7 to 14A T
mula contains ingredients that are 9JELLIES AND MARMALADES8
celebrated for their effectiveness in CChez Francois" Products Used o'. d'A Se s
lives fast because it's liquid-its in FRESH FRUIT JUICE BAR t Sizes $ 98
gredients are already dissolved-all Located On Broadwalk In il 7 to 14
ready toact. Get Capudine from your NEW HOLLYWOOD BEACH CASINO BUILDING
druggist. Use only a directed. HOLLYWOOD BEACH-IN-FLORIDA

' i






The Southernmost Newspaper Published on the Mainland of the United States




South Dade


I have been interested in thej
possibility of a national park in
Florida for many years and no _
one is happier that they live near
the wonders of the third largest
one in the Nation, than T.
Personally, I am grateful that
the headquarters of the park has
been established in our town and Everglades Scene
although it would have been nice
to have the dedication ceremonies A db
in Homestead, I am unselfish in A accompanied y
the matter of it going to Ever-
glades. Everglades is a beautiful
quiet, dreamy little town, with ex- President Truman flew t
cellent appointments for the a five-day visit in Florida ai
dedication. urday noon to dedicate th(
While Florida City received the speaking over a nationwide
honor of having the first days sale Accompanying the Pre:
of the commemorative 3 cent
stamp, and Everglades the dedica-
tion. when the gala ceremonies ? ..
are over. we will still have the
headquarters in Homestead. Why
not be glad that all the towns near
the boundaries of the park receiv- .
ed some honor? I think we got the
biggest deal of all.
President Truman
I am extremely happy that Pres-
ident Truman is to dedicate the
park. In January. 1944, when I R
served the state as Democratic
National Conmmitteewoman, Paul
Brown, who was National Commit-
teeian and I, had the great privi-
ledge of accompanying the Presi-
dent on a trip over our state. At
that time, the President was a
United States Senator, and from
the time he stepped off the train
in Jacksonville. he entered right
into our plans and was the most
agreeable person I ever saw for
five days, that we met with democ- JULIUS KRUG
rats and friend from there to JULIUSSecretary of the InKRUGior
Tampa, thence to Clewiston, Ft. Secretary of the Interior
Lauderdale and Miami.
We were with hii when one of
the nation's prominent democrats
approached him and offered to help
nominate him for Vice President
and he was not the least bit ex- A
. cited, sayingthat he liked the work
of a senator and wanted to stay wr
Where he was.
: At the nationall Democratic
Fvention in Chicago, I was on
the platforAn with him 'rfhen he "
was nomthiated and made his
seeech of acceptance and next
morning we went to his suite in A
the hotel for a visit with him and
his lovely wife and daughter.
I feel like an old friend is com-
ing to Florida to help us celebrate
the greatest event in the history
of our state's progress.
Yes, I am looking forward to
having a visit with the President
'tomorrow. Paul Brown Ewent to
Key West Wednesday and is com-
ing to Everglades with him and it
will be nice to have a reunion with
them both.
G. Men Make Progress NEWTON B. DRURY
While campaigning in west NEWTON B. DRURY
Florida during the last state pri- Director
marines, politicians were watching National Park Service
Carl Grey and Bob Sykes, in the
congressional race. Graduating from the Univers-
If Grey had been elected, they ity of California in 1912, Mr.
said they would have to take sing- Drury devoted many years to
ing lessons, or learn to direct an the cause of conservation.
orchestra, for Carl took a hill-billy Since 1940 he has been directing
band with him everywhere he the activities of the National Park
campaigned, and put on a real Service, the bureau of the United
show. States Department of the Interior
Here in Dade County recently, which administers the national
the magic city of Miami had a parks, national monuments, and
campaign for city commissioners other areas in the 21,000,000-acre
and the two top men in the race of National Park System. During the
six, are former G men. years of World War II requests for
Leading the field, Robert L. use of park and monument re-
Floyd, a youngster in politics, only sources .were many, but Director
28 years old, was made Mayor of Drury vigorously adhered to the
the greatest city in America. policy, established at the outset of
City Manager Dick Danner, was the war, that no sacrifices of such
also a G man, having been head resources would be made until it
man for the F. B. I. in south was proved beyond a shadow of a
Florida for several years before (Continued on Page Five)
assuming his present position.
Send your boy to F. B. I. school
after college. He might become National Guard Unit
famous. Holds First Meeting
If we have one citizen in Home-
land District National Guard Unit
(Continued on Page Eight) was held at the Chamber of Com-i
merce building, Tuesday night,

THE STAMP According to Captain Ray Voss,
interest as was shown, will result
in a large roster for the activation
in the near future.
There will be another meeting
Tuesday night, at the same place,
and all young men, 17 years and
older, are urged to attend.
500 boxes of Pineland tomatoes
and Company of Atlanta, Georgia
by Earl Byrd Company Thursday.

The price loaded was $5.00 and
were produced by J. E. Campbell
and W. L. Chambers growers at
Princeton. They were packed by
the new waxing process installed
at the market by Earl Byrd.
O 0. C. Craddock also shipped
ST ? 372 boxes of pineland tomatoes
which brought from $2.50 to $7.00
per box.



of Ceremonies;

White House Staff

to Key West Wednesday for
nd arrives in Everglades Sat-
e Everglades National Park,
hookup at 2:51 p. m.
sident will be White House
secretaries Matt Connelly and
Charles G. Ro-s: Fleet Admiral
William D. Leahy. presidential
chief of .taff; Stanley Woodward,
state department chief of protocol:
Clark M. Clifford., spec-ial counsel
and John R. Steelman. executive
as-itant to the president.
Greeting the President upon his
arrival in Everglades will be Gov-
ernor Caldwell and his entire
Cabinet. members of the Florida
Supreme Court. members of the
Everglades National Park Com-
mii-ion, Mayor Dan McLeod, Miles
and Sam Collier, hosts to the presi-
dential party. Dan Beard. superin-
tendent of the Everglades Park,
United States Seuntors Spessard
Holland and Claude Pepper, Con-
gressman George Smathers, J.
Ilardin Peterson. Bob Sikes, Em-
ery Price, Dwight Rogers and Joe
Hendricks, and other< prominent
in the civic and political life of



Mrs. Fannie Seifert, 77, of 27
N.W. Fourth st., Homestead, was
fatally injured ASunday morning
.when the car, in which, she was
hiding ran off the. liavdihen and.
crashed hito a tree, on Silver Palm
Drive near Talbott Road.
The car was being driven by
Mrs. Charlotte Brown, 30 year old
granddaughter of the victim, also
of Homestead. It was reported that
Mrs. Brown lost control of the car
when it struck a pot-hole, causing
the vehicle to leave the road. Mrs.
Seifert's neck was broken by the
Survivors are two daughters,
Mrs. Lena Bechdol and Mrs. Jac-
que Hanford, both of Miami.

Homestead Citizens
To Vote On
Water Issue

When the citizens of Homestead
go to the polls next Tuesday to
elect a mayor and five councilmen,
there will be another matter to
settle. They will also vote on the
district in the northern part of
the county as a unit in the over-
all water control program of the
County Commissioner Preston B.
Bird stated this week that unless
we establish water control, we
may lose our humidity and clima-
tic conditions may change, accord-
ing to scientists.
Bird added that unless the con-
servation district is established,
Dade County's chances of being in-
cluded in the overall flood control
plan, now being prepared by army
engineers for South Florida, would
likely be small.
Palm Beach and Broward coun-
ties have already approved the
plan and the addition of Dade
voters would merge the three
county district under the Ever-
glades Drainage District, as a part
of the federal government's water
control program.





Primary Municipal

Election To Be Held

Tuesday, Dec. 9

When Homestead voters go to
the. polls next Tuesday to vote for
a Mayor ,and ive councihben, in

frt tirt in a ion.,
Mr. Stella Harper, neilwom-
an' made the suggestion at the
Monday night regular meeting of
the council and Mayor Harris was
asked to arrange with the county
for the use of Dade Counts
Ballots for the machines, absen-
tees and receipts -have already
been printed and delivered to
Farnk Lewis, County Custodian
of the machines.
Polls will be open from 7:00
a.m. until 7:00 p.m.
Three candidates, Richard H.
Donovan, L. M. Hendrick and
Thomas E.. Kirby are making the
race for mayor.
Candidates for the council in-
clude Carl S. Anderson, John T.
Godwin, W. Russell Horne, J. L.
Kulp, Charles W. Little, William
Musselwhite, W. C. Morton, B. W.
Morris, E. B. McGarrah, Angus
McNair and James M. Wollam.
Five will be elected to the coun-
Everyone registered is urged to

Citizens Urged To
Donate for S. A. Drive
Citizens of Homestead and the
surrounding Redland district are
urged to donate old clothing, shoes,
Magazines, and toys for the Xmas
drive being sponsored by the Sal-
vation army.
Mrs. Helen B. Fields died De-
cember 2, in a Miami hospital,
after a lingering illness.
She is survived by two sons,
Howard H., and Marshall Fields,
and a brother, H. A. Marsh.


9:30 A. M., FRIDAY. DEC. 5
PRESIDING-Dan L. Meeker, president, Redland District Chamber
of Commerce.
SELECTIONS-Homestead High School Band.
INVOCATION-Rev. Fr. Manning, Sacred Heart Church, Homestead.
WELCOME-Herbert Hunter, M4yor, Florida City.
REMARKS-Gov. Millard F. Caldwell.
INTRODUCTION OF SPEAKER-Hugh P. Emerson, postmaster,
ADDRESS-Robert E. Hannegan, Postmaster General to Dec. 1.
Lawler, Third Assistant Postmaster General.
Albums will be presented to Gov. Caldwell, Senators
Claude Pepper and Spessard L. Holland, Paul R. Scott,
Will M. Preston and John D. Pennekamp.
RESPONSE-Paul R. Scott.
PRESENTATIONS-Presiding Officer.
"STAR SPANGLED BANNER"-Homestead High School band.
BENEDICTION-Rev. Robert B. Chapman, Jr., Florida City Com-
munity Church.


Woman To Give
Invocation at
Thousands gathered in Ever-
glades for dedication ceremonies
of the Everglades National Park
tomorrow, will hear a woman's
voice when the invocation is given.
Deaconess Harriet Bedell, Epis-
copal missionary to the Seminole
Indians who came here after
spending many years in Alaska
working among the Indians and
who lives in Everglades will offer
the prayer.



Tibbitts Contractors, Inc., of
Homestead started Wednesday on
the installation of 195 parking
meters in the business section of
The City of Homestead contract-
ed with the Dual Parking Meter
Co., sometime ago to place the
meters here for six months' trial
operation, with the proviso that
they would be removed at the end
of that time, if they were not sat-
isfactory, with no cost to the city.
All money derived from opera-
tion of the meters will go to the
company in case of removal. If
they are retained, all funds from
them will go to the city, fifty per
cent to be paid the company on
the purchase price until the total
is fully paid. The city will then
own the meters.


Art McKee, manager of the
Municipal Trailer Park in Home-
stead appeared before the City
Council Monday night, and com-
plained that seven large palm
trees had been removed that day
from the west side of the park.
Ben Morri., "Parks and Sanita-
tion committeeman, admitted that
he ordered the palms removed and
gave them to a Joe Taylor, to be
placed in his yard.
iMrs. Stella Harper, the city's
only councilwoman, questioned
Morris' authority to give away city
property. Morris countered that
he happened by when the trees
were being removed from the right
of way to make room for the
grading of the new highway un-
der construction, and gave Mr.4
Taylor permission to take the
McKee told the council that he
had discussed the removal with
(Continued on Page Eight)

Veterans Compose
Park Staff
When Dan Beard, a veteran of
World War II became superinten-
dent of the Everglades National
Park, four other veterans joined
him on the staff.
Earl Semingsen, Chief Ranger
saw active service in the armed
forces. Mr. Semingsen comes to
,Florida from Yellowstone Park
where he served as district ranger
for several years.
James H. Smith, chief clerk,
came to Homestead from Chic-
hamauga-Chattanooga Park, in
Chattanooga, Tenn.
Miss Loretta Bothe, secretary
was formerly with the Solid Fuels
Adm., Dep't. of Interior, Cleve-
land, Ohio.
Coming from the United States
Sugar Corporation in Clewiston to
become a park ranger, is Willard
Dilley, a former Lieut. Comn., U.S.
Navy and commanding officer of
Dinner Key and the Air Gunnery
School in Miami during World
War II.
Another ranger is Erwin Winte,
former State Conservation Of-
ficer who served with the Military
Edward J. Stephanic, ranger,
transferred from Blue Ridge
Parkway, N. C., after service in
the China-Burma-India campaign.

The Stephen Foster Music club
will hold its regular meeting at
the home of Mrs. Green Rives, on
N.W. 7th Avenue, Wednesday, De-
cember 10, at 7:30 p.m.

Everglades National Park
Beard made the original bio-
logical studies for the govern-
ment in the Everglades area
in 1937-38.
After service with the U. S.
Army, he came back to the
park area in 1945 with the U.
S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
later becoming superintendent
of the 28th park in the national
park system.
Son of Daniel Beard, one of
the greatest contributors to hu-
manity in America. that of
founding the Boy Scouts of
America, Dan Beard has fol-
lowed in his father's footsteps,
inheriting his love of nature and
the preservation of its wonders.

Legislative Chairman,
Everglades Natl. Park Commission

Governor of Florida





History Being Made At Florida

City Stamp Ceremonies Today

Celebrating the dedication of the Everglades National
Park which takes place tomorrow in Everglades, Florida
City marks the greatest day in it's history this morning at
9:30, when the Post Office Department launches the first
day's sale of a commemorative 3-cent stamp.

Presiding Officer,
Florida City Ceremonies

Former Postmaster General

Postmaster of Miami

Dignitaries including the former
Po-tmaster General of the United
States, Robert E. Hannegan, Third
Assistant Postmaster General Jos-
eph J. Lawler, Governor Millard
Caldwell, Newton B. Drury, direc-
tor of National Park Service, Sen-
ators Claude Pepper and Spessard
Holland, Ernest F. Coe. who origi-
nated the idea of the park, Post-
master Hugh Emerson of Miami,
John Pennekamp, legislative chair-
man of the Everglades Park Com-
missinn. Will M. Preston, attorney
for the commission, Paul R. Scott,
attorney who engineered the issu-
ance of the stamp, Garnett McGee,
designer of the stamp, T. J. Harris,
Mayor of Homestead, and others
will participate in the ceremonies.
A speakers' stand has been
erected on Palm Avenue, opposite
the Post Office, where more than
a million pieces of mail will be can-
celled and mailed to thousands of
stamp collectors and others
throughout the nation.
Dan L. Meeker, president of the
Redland District Chamber of Com-
merce. will preside over this his-
torical ceremony and Reverend
Father Paul Manning, Pastor of
Sacred Heart Catholic Church of
Homestead will give the invoca-
Florida City's Mayor, Herbert
Hunter, will give the address of
John G. Sall y Posp.t, A rincaa
L :it'-.'V' Bta abul:, Detac -"
ment of the Marines and Arrant-
Smith Post, V. F. W., will assist
Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts, Brownies
and Cub Scouts in handling the
Miami's Postmaster Hugh Em-
erson will introduce Mr. Hanne-
gan, who will make the address,
and Honorable Joseph J. Lawler
will present autograph stamp al-
bums to Governor Caldwell, Sena-
tors Pepper and Holland, Paul R.
Scott, Will M. Preston and John
D. Pennekamp.
Reverend Robert B. Chapman,
Jr., pastor of the Florida City
Community Church will pronounce
the benediction.
Besides the out-of-town guests,
seated on the platform will be
Mr. and Mrs. Scott Caves, Mr. and'
Mrs. W. F. A. Robinson, Mose!
Sever, Mrs Mabelle Rue, Mrs Ed-
ward Stiling, Miss Annie Lochrie,
Dr. S. S..Shields, T. J. Mead and
J. H. Simmons, the oldest residents
of the town.
An estimated crowd of overt
15,000 will attend and schools will
dismiss classes between the hours
of 9:30 and 10:30, enabling pupils
to attend.

To Be Busy
Florida City's jovial postmis-
tress, Mrs. Anna B. Chapman,
heads the list of important people
in her home town today.
Over a million pieces of mail
await cancellation at the town's
tiny Post Office and during her
entire 18 years' se-vice, she has
never had such a tremendous
Mrs. Chapman is the widow of
the late Leonard Chapman, who
before his death was Town Mar-
shall of Florida City.

John D. Pennekamp, Presiding
Invocation ..................... ............ Deaconess Harriett Bedell
Missionary to Seminole Indians
Selection ........................ Fort Myers High School Band
Introduction, Ernest F. Coe
and other distinguished guests...............August Burghard
Selection ..........................................Fort Myers High School Band
Presentation of Royal Palm
State Park Plaque.........................Mrs. W. S. Jennings to
Mr. Newton B. Drury
Selection .................... ...............Fort Myers High School Band
Rem arks ...................... ............................ Senator Claude Pepper
Remarks ................................................ Senator Spessard L. Holland
Presentation of Area
'to Nation ................................. Governor Millard F. Caldwell
Dedication ...............Secretary of the Interior Julius A. Krug
Address ................................ The President of the United States
Benediction .................. ............................................... Rev. E. A. Finn
Pastor of Everglades Community Church
Star Spangled Banner...............Fort Myers High School Band

h Lrbltanb


"This Newspaper Cares More About The Redland District Than Any Other Newspaper In The World"

_ __

- --- WNW

---~. .- -1 ..

__ _

. I


The Redland District News
Telephone 26
POLLY ROSE BALFE ................ Business Manager
Redland District News, Publisher
Published every Friday from the Redland District
News building, Homestead, Dade County, Florida. Estab-
lished in the year 1934.
Entered as second-class matter February 9, 1937 at
the post office at Homestead, Florida under the act of
March 3, 1879.
Subscription rates: Local; one year $2.00. Out of
town $2.50.



"A wise and frugal government which shall restrain
men from injuring one another, shall otherwise leave
them free to regulate their own pursuits of industry
and improvement, and shall not take from the mouth
of labor the bread it has earned. This is the sum of
good government."-Thomas Jefferson

Aren't We Fortunate?
Probably the greatest single thing that has ever hap-
pened to the Redland District was when Ernest Coe, Dr.
David Fairchild and many other lovers of nature, includ-
ing the Redland District Lions Club, plugged for laws
making the glades area in Florida, a national park.
It took 18 years to get the job done and if we listed
all the people responsible for the undertaking, we would
cover the page.
Every person who has served in Congress has had a
definite part in making the park a reality and we of the
Redland District are grateful that we will be permanent
In Homestead. we need to put every shoulder to the
wheel in an effort to take care of the .people who will visit
us and the park and it is a necessity that private citizens
join with the Redland District Chamber of Commerce in
trying to prepare for the influx.
It is easy to be complacent and say we will wait until
later and see what happens before we do anything about
it, but we cannot wait. If we do, we will lose, in view of
the fact that people all over the nation will advertise that
we are throwing away our greatest opportunity.
Let's Go! We can grow into a large city, if we plan
intelligently and work together.
^~~~ ** \
The President Coming To Florida
President Truman's decision to come to Florida for
a bit of rest and to help dedicate Everglades National
Park is going to make December 6, 1947, an even more
memorable date in Florida's history.
A big celebration already had been planned at Ever-
glades City, but the presence of the president will add
greatly to the festivities. All Florida is happy that he can
come to Florida at this time, and thousands of citizens will
be on hand to hear him and to see the other ceremonies
that go into the dedication. Reports from Everglades al-
ready say every accommodation, is sold out, that many
visitors will have to make the trip by car that day or
stay in nearby towns: So an excellent audience is assured
for what Mr. Truman has to say about the park and about
conservation. .
There could be no finer setting for the dedication
that Everglades. the little town in southwest Collier county.
Everglades, at the head of the "Ten Thousand Is-
lands," near the Gulf of Mexico and on the fringe of the
mysterious Everglades area, came into being as a road
camp during the construction of the Tamiami trail, a
tropical roadway which connects St. Petersburg and Mi-
-ami. Everglades, thus, is representative of Florida past,
and present. It has pioneer spirit, yet is apace of modern,
development. It is the center of a thriving lumber devel-
opment. It is the center of a thriving lumber development,
helping to turn out a product in constant demand for the
expanding state. Farming and commercial fishing are other
industries, and any sports angler knows Everglades.
Mr. Truman will head up a long list of national and
state notables. Secretary of the Interior Krug, who so
ably assisted in creation of the area as a National Park,
will be on hand to officially dedicate it to the pleasures
and relaxation of all Americans. Governor Caldwell, who
played such an important -part in the project, will be
present as will many members of the legislature who had
the foresight to vote it almost unanimously last spring.
Florida's delegation to congress may be present en masse
to share the honors.
It is fitting that President Truman be present. This
is an area for the people of the 48 states, the people who,
as president, he represents.--St. Petersburg Times

Pepper Positive -
Whatever else may be thought of him, Senator Pepper
must be given credit for the courage of his convictions. In
a speech at Clearwater Wednesday, the Senator reiterated
his position in international and national affairs, and de-
clared that he would be a candidate for re-election in 1950
on the platform on which he now stands.
We welcome Senator Pepper to the growing ranks of
those who believe that agitation about the "next...war" is
hurtful to the nation and obstructive to plans for peace.
He said at Clearwater that whatever "hostile gap" may
exist between the United States and Russia can be bridged,
and urged to that desirable end that the practice of need-
* lessly "denouncing Russia" cease. Better understanding
with our potential enemy in a future war can be effected,
said the Senator, and this would serve to quiet national
apprehension and dread of another war, ,which is in no
sense unavoidable.
As we have remarked, we believe that Senator Pepper
goes too far in his championship of Russia and also in his
devoted allegiance to the big bosses of American labor.
These positive positions, if adhered to, undoubtedly will
lessen his chances of re-election when he next comes be-
fore the voters of his state. We anticipate that the Sena-
tor will soften on both these points as the ides of 1950
draw nearer. For the present, however, he stands pat,
regardless of current public opinion and future primaries.

"Reluctant Santa Clans"

Too Late to Classify . .


Twenty-four years ago when I was
Florida Grower it wa- my privilege to
of adventurers who set out to blaze a
east coast across the Everglades.

on the staff of the
join a little group
trail from west to

The purpose was to develop publicity and center at-
tention on the proposed Tamiami Trail. At that time the
idea of constructing a paved highway across the heart of
the 'Glades seemed preposterous. Engineers questioned
its feasibility. It was contended that such a project would
be so costly as to make it out of the question.
Enterprising civic leaders of both coasts wanted a
highway and believed that it could be built. At the time
grades had been thrown up for a distance of about 20
miles out of Miami and from Naples west to the Deep
Lake Railroad.
Our little group of pioneers set out to prove to the
world that it was possible to crq oahe 'GladabG m. t ct
car and we set out 'rom Fort Myelin seven ^TUio
-five Model T Fords, an Elcar and an Overland.
Led by Indian guides, we jumped off the western grade
expecting to reach the Miami grade in about three days.
With the aid of a tractor that pulled us out of the muck
time and time again and of saws and axes that cut a path
through miles of cypress strands, we finally did reach the
east coast but it took us three weeks instead of three days.
That was my first introduction to the Everglades and
I have held a healthy respect for them ever since. To
really know the 'Glades you have to live in them. We
surely did, and as our grub ran out long before we reached
oud destination we learned to eat cattail roots, swamp
cabbage and a lot of other native delicacies.
But I didn't set out to write a column about that trip-
what I had in mind was a tribute to Marjorie Stoneman
Douglas' book entitled, "Everglades, River of Grass," pub-
lished last month as one of the "Rivers of America Series."
Beginning with the dawn of history, Mrs. Douglas
traces the intriguing story of this particular area, visual-
izing the lives and activities of all who through the years
have inhabited the region.
Few of us have ever,thought of the Everglades as a
river, and yet it really is, a river so vast and broad as to
seem without bounds, a river of amazing breadth and prac-
tically no depth, its bed an endless sea of sawgrass, broken
occasionally with pine islands and long cypress strands.
Through painstaking research, Mrs. Douglas has gath-
ered from every available source authentic facts dealing
with the ageless history of the Everglades region. From
these she has woven an intensely interesting story that is
substantially authentic from a historic standpoint.
A highlight was her uncovering "the true origin of the
great American tale of the white captive and the rescuing
Indian maiden." According to her story, this occurred in
Florida long before the white man had set foot on the soil
of Virginia where Pocahontas is alleged to have saved the
life of Captain John Smith.
The white Florida captive was one Juan Ortiz, of Se-
ville, Spain. A survivor of Panfilo de Narvaes' expedition
to Florida in 1528, (11 years ahead of Hernando de Soto),
Ortiz was captured by Indians who bound him naked to a
grid made of poles and applied a torch to the fuel under-
neath. But as the first flames seared his flesh, the original
Pocahontas, a daughter of the chief, interceded in his be-
half. She pointed out the advantage of having a "white
slave." The idea appealed to her father and he ordered
the fire scattered and the prisoner unbound. There fol-
lowed three years during which Ortiz was an accepted
member of the tribe. He learned to speak their language,
play their games and perform their rites.
After a severe defeat by a raiding tribe, medicine men
who had always been jealous of Ortiz, persuaded the cheif
that the defeat was caused by the white man. The chief
accepting this explanation ordered him condemned to
death. But Ortiz escaped when warned by the chief's
daughter. He joined another tribe and years later was
rescued by members of the De Soto Expedition.
According to Mrs. Douglas this narrative was trans-
lated into English in the 17th century and published in
London. "Everglades, River of Grass" should have a place
in the library of every Floridian and it might well be used
as a text-book in our public schools. Florida is indebted
to Marjorie Stoneman Douglas for this valuable addition
to Floridana.


Basketball Team

Announces Schedule

The Homestead high school bas-
ketball team has arranged and
issued for publication the games
scheduled for the following sea-
The first game will be a home
game playing Jackson, Dec. 9th,
and the rest are as follows: The
month of December-13th, Miami
Beach, there; 16th, Delray Beach,
here; 19th, Redland, here.
The month of January-6th,
Miami High. here; 9th, Key West,
here; 14th, Riverside, here; 16th,
Tech High. here; 20th, open; 23rd,
Redland. there; 24th, St. Patrick's,
here; 30th, Pompano. there.
The month of February-4th,
Tech High, there; 6th, Key West,
there; 7th, Key West, there; 10th.
South Broward. here; 13th, Ponce
De Leon, here; 18th, Riverside,
there; 20th, Pompano, here; 21st,

St. Patrick's, there; 24th, Delray
Beach, there.
Admission will be: adults, 50;
students, 30c; and elementary
grade students, 15c.
All games will start at 7:30
p. m.
Squad "A" of the team is com-
posed of: Forwards: Gordon (cap-
tain of the team), Roper Rey-
nolds and Torcise; Guards: Deitz,
Pope, Hatcher (only varsity player
from last year's team) and Nor-
wood; and center, Cooper.
Squad "B" is made up of: For-
wards: Sincere, Cox, Billy Homrne,
Schowalter and Graves; Guards,
Kerley, Campbell and Bowers;
Centers: Freidrichs, Pye and

WANTED: To Be Mayor of Home-
stead! Register and Vote for Me.!
L. M. Hendrick.

"Mark One For Mc"

The Patio

4 0

Just North of Redland Camp


Open at 7 A. M.

Close at Midnight,




For years, Richard H. Donovan maintained an
investment and security business on Wall Street, be-
sides handling his present and various other interests.
Therefore, he is well qualified to handle the business
of our city.

. Vote on December 9th


The City of Homestead, being a corporation
worth an estimated four million dollars, it is good
business for you, the citizens and taxpayers, to have
at the head of this corporation, a man who is quali-
fied and experienced, to handle and efficiently admin-
ister a business of this size.
(Paid Political Advertisement)

- -- ----I--- --------- ---' --r"-- ----- --*--------- ----~-----~sm ~r_~r II Irr_~ I I~ICI~LLI- L--L--I1 -_~I~ 111 1 ~ JL--l I


Friday, December 5, 1947




The Everglades National

U. S. Senator

U. S. Senator

Park Boundaries and Those Responsible


First District

Third District

Fifth District

Second District

Fourth District

Sixth District


Pioneer Promoter of Park


Fla. Rep., Nat'I Park Service

Left to right. Mrs. \V. S. Jennings, Mrs. Joseph L. Gray, Fayette Holland, J. Kennard Johnson. Mrs. Gillen
McClure, Leonard K. Thompson. Harold Colee. August Burghard. chairman. D. Graham Copeland, Mrs. Carol
Meyer, secretary, C. G. Ware, Richard D. Pope. Karl Bickel. Gen. Albert H. Blanding. Joe Hall, A. Cliff
Johnson, A. B. Michael. Standing, left to right: Gilbert Leach, Managing Director. Daniel B. Beard. Ray
Vinton, of the National Park System, Dr. E. C. Lunsford, John D. Pennekamp and T. J. Allen, of the National
Park System.

I *

Tropical Florida Representative
of the National Audubon Soci-
ety, who previous to assuming
his prieent duties was Audubon
warden' in the Cape Sable-Shark
River area, which is now includ-
ed in the Everglades National
An expert guide and naturalist,
Mr. Brookfield conducts Audubon
Wildlife Tours through the Ever-
glades National Park with the co-
operation of the Miami Chamber
of Commerce, the Park Commih-
sion, the National Park Service
and the U. S. Fish and Wildlife
Brookfield lives in Coconut
Grove, where he has made his
home since returning from a tour
of duty with the U. S. Navy.
Holding the rank of Lieutenant
Commander, he participated in the
Normandy invasion, later going to
the Philippines and Okinawa
where he saw action.
Several years ago when he was
with the Geodetic Survey, he
helped map the area in which the
park is located and ran a fishing
camp on Elliott Key. Mr. Brook-
field is up on the history of the
area and loves birdlife. .


Attorney General Watson

Regional Director for eastern
United State- for National Park
Service, is stationed at Rich-
mond, Va.
Mr. Allen was born in the State
of Washington and attended col-
lege there, graduating from For-
estry Engineering College. He
volunteered and saw overseas
service in World War I. Starting
as a park ranger, Allen worked his
way up to become chief ranger at
Rocky Mountain National Park
and became famous as a mountain
climber and member of the Colo-
rado Mountain Club, participating
in several mountain rescues.
Later on, Allen was superin-
tendent of Hot Springs National
Park, Hawaii National Park, and
Rocky Mountain National Park.
He was appointed as Regional Di-
rector for the central and Rocky
Mountain States. Then, in 1940
he.was transferred to his present

Former Congressman, 4th Dist.
of Fla. aind Pres., of Everglades
Park Association

Mr. Scott arranged for the
commemorative stamp.

Glamorous Gifts from

Gordon's for under

her Christmas tree!









You can't help but be her favorite Santa this Christmas if you give
her a gift-to-wear. She'll cherish your thoughtfulness in selecting a
gift that's feminine and personal! Our choice selection of smart
ready-to-wear comes in a complete size range and at prices to fit every

Won't you let ius
help you complete
your Christmas
List ?


Everglades Park Commission

Program Chairman for Dedication

University of Miami

Friday, December t, 1947





Society Telephone






For all Society and Service new
Please Address P. O0. Box 245


Miss Verna N. Anderson,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ira R.
Anderson of Homestead, and Del-
mar N. Dawkins, son of Mr. and
Mrs. James Dawkins of Macon,
Georgia, were united in marriage
on November 20, in Folkston, Ga.,
the former home of the bride's
family. The ceremony was per-
formed at the home of Colonel
William McQueen, a friend of the
Anderson family, at 5:30 o'clock
in the afternoon, and the bride
was attired in a white suit with
white accessories.

South Dade Garden
Club Meets With
Mrs. Calkins Tuesday

The South Dade Garden Club
met at the home of Mrs, 0. W.
Calkins, Tuesday, for a covered-
dish luncheon, with Mrs. Calkins
and Mrs. Howard Thompson as
After lunch was served, the
meeting was called to order by the
president, Mrs. Ada Young, and
the secretary-treasurer's report
the secretary-treasurer's was given
by Mrs. James McCready.
Plans for the tea, which will
be held December 9, at the Amer-



Mrs. Dawkins graduated from
the Redland High School with the
class of 1944, and was a-member
of the band and a cheerleader.
She has been employed by South
Dade Farms for the past year.
Mr. Dawkins attended school in
Georgia and came to Homestead
a year ago after serving three
years in the Navy. He is associ-
ated with Ira R. Anderson in the
plumbing business.
Mr. and Mrs. Dawkins are mak-
ing their home on West Mowry
street in Homestead.

ican Legion Hall, were completed.
A social hour, in the form of a
Xmas party with an exchange of
gifts, was enjoyed at the close of
the business meeting.
Those attending the occasion
were: Mrs. James McCready, Mrs.
George Pitts, Mrs. Cecil Barber,
Mrs. Harold Davis, Mrs. Herman
Heinlein, Mrs. Herb Jackson, Mrs.
Howard Thompson, Mrs. R. E.
Fitzgerald, Mrs. S. Book, Mrs. J.
L. Burton, Mrs. H. M. Brown,
Mrs. E. W. Burton, Mrs. W. C.
Morton, Mrs. D. Stevens, Mrs. Lee
Fread, Mrs. 0. W. Calkins, Mrs.
Earnest Francis, Mrs. Joel J. Ro-
binson, Mrs. Ada Young, and a
visitor, Mrs. Walker, of Sanford.



Candidate for the Homestead City
Council is:
* A Young Man, Worthy of Your Trust.
* A Veteran of World War II.
* A Past Commander of Arrant-Smith Post, V.F.W.
* A Home Town Product, by Rearing and Education.

Give Him Your Vote I

He Will Not Disappoint You!
(Political 'Advertisement Paid for By A Friend)

Local Women
Attend Reception
The Dade County Federation of
Women's Clubs were hostesses at
a reception honoring Mrs. J. L.
Blair Buck, president of the Gen-
eral Federation of Women's Clubs,
and Mrs. John L. Whiteurst, ex-
tension secretary for foreign and
territorial clubs, at the McAllister
Hotel, in Miami, Monday, Decem-
ber 1, at 8:30 p.m.
Presidents and club members of
clubs in Dade County, and the dis-
trict were invited.
Members of the South-eastern
council of the General Federation
of Women's Clubs, on a Miami-
Havana tour, were present for the
After a short musical program,
Mrs. Buck and Mrs. Whitehead
addressed the audience.
Local women attending the af-
fair were Mrs. A. F. Arthur, pres-
ident of the Homesetead Woman's
Club; Mrs. J. T. B. McElroy, pres-
ident of the Redland Woman's
Club; 'Mrs. Harold Campbell, and
Mrs. E. E. Pacetti.

Five Hundred Enjoy
"Hard Time" Dance
Uncle Martin's Radio String
Brand furnished music for 500
dancers at the "Hard Times
Dance" sponsored by the Marine
Corps League of the Redlands,
Saturday night.
Jimmy Winters delighted the
audience with Irish songs and
Mr. and Mrs. John Reed won a
prize for being the most appro-
priately dressed couple. Mrs. Baker
received a gift of a large portrait
as the best dressed woman, Polly
Rose Balfe, two frying sized
chickens and Dot Cline, two tickets
to tle Kiawanis Football game,
Dec. 12, at the Orange Bowl,
donated by Dick Donovan.

New Schedule
E. H. Gallaher, local agent for
Greyhound Bus Lines with ticket
offices in the Redland Hotel an-
nounces the establishment of a
new schedule between Homestead
and Florida City, to Miami.
Beginning this week citizens of
the area will be able to go to Mi-
ami almost any time they wish,
without waiting.


,-. ..- -.-*
((Poll Parrot Shoesi
. .)
Washable Robes, by B.V.D.. .. $10.95
.Sport Shirts, by B.V.D., Jayson and
Wk "Shirtcraft... $3.50 to $7.95

Rebekah Lodge
Elects Officers
Officers were elected at the
meeting of Liberty Rebekah Lodge
No. 46, last Monday night, at the
Odd Fellow's Hall.
Following will serve the coming
year. Noble Grand, Mrs. Cora Lee
Beam; Vice Grand, Mrs. Ruby
Foster; Recording Secretary, Mrs.
Alla Degler; Financial Secretary,
Mrs. Floy Gamber; Treasurer,
Mrs. Ernesetine Douberly; Trus-
tee, Mrs. Edith Sullivan; Repre-
sentative to Rebekah' Assembly,
Mrs. Selma Reitz; Alternate to
Rebekah Assembly, Mrs. Alla
Mrs. Marjorite Beattie was
recommended to receive the Dec-
oration of Chivalry, to be con-
ferred in April, at the assembly in
The recommendation of Mrs.
Alla Degler as District Deputy
president of District No. 23 was
made, and the appointment will be
made at the April assembly, in
Officers will be installed in
January, the date to be announc-
ed later.
The decision was made to send
money, as individual gifts, to the
Odd Fellow's home for Christmas.

Homestead Club
To Hold Meeting
The Homestead Home Demon-
stration club will hold the regular
business meeting at the Future
Farmer's clubhouse December 9,
at 1:30 p.m.
A work meeting was held Fri-
day, November 28, with the sub-
ject matter being "Swedish darn-

Women Urged To
Attend Celebration
Mrs. A. F. Arthur, president of
the Homestead Woman's Club has
announced that the members are
urged to attend the Stamp Dedi-
cation Day in Florida City, this
morning at 9:30.

Xmas Plans Made
At Redland Meeting
The Redland Home Demonstra-
tion Club met Friday, Nov. 28, at
the Redland Community church.
Twenty-one members were in
attendance and two new members,
Mrs. Fred Hildinger and Mrs.
Walter Thompson, were admitted.
Plans were made for a Xmas
party to be held Dec. 26 with
Mrs. W. D. Mahan as chairman.
The club unit has made plans
to sponsor a Xmas party Dec. 10,
for 4-H club girls of Redland
Mrs. Kate Mae Dane gave an
interesting garden talk, while Mrs.
C. L. Ooley spoke on wrapping
Christmas gifts, displaying some
beautiful samples. Mrs. J. T. B.
McElroy spoke on "What The
Public Is Asked To Do" based on
a pamphlet issued by the National
Food Program.
A work meeting, on glass paint-
ing, will be held Dec. 9, at 9:30

Local Woman's Club
To Meet Tuesday
The Homestead Woman's Club
will meet Tuesday, Dec. 9, at 8:00
p.m., in the future Farmer's Club-
Donations for Xmas baskets, to
be given to the underprivileged,
will be taken at this time.
Mrs. A. F. Arthur, president
of the club, is making plans to
have a speaker.
All members are urged to

W.S.C.S. Bazaar
To Be Held Friday
The W. S. C. S. of the Silver
Palm Methodist church, will hold
a bazaar in Bird's Chevrolet show-
room, Friday, December 5th, from
8:00 a.m. 'til 6:00 p.m.
The purpose of the bazaar is to
raise money for the building fund
for the church.
All kinds of clothing, gifts,
cakes, pies, cookies, rolls, and
candy will be sold.


To the People Who Created


Trade Winds Dry Cleaners, Inc.


New Bus Schedule


Florida City.........
Homestead ............


A. M.
A. M.
A. M.
A. M.
A. M.
A. M.
A. M.
A. M.
P. M.
P. M.
P. M.


M.-Fla. City




"Fruit Growers in the Redlands Since 1900"



... packed to your Order

Send a Box for


Mailing Address, Box 926

No matter how delicious a Thanksgiving dinner is, or how
much everybody eats, there always seems to be a lot left.
That's all to the good these days . especially if you know
how to stretch your left-overs. And here's how:



fa om miA ml's nizA rER

Comfort Phis Charm-every
room beautifully appointed,
venetian blinds, private tub
and shower.
Ea-cellent Food -both a ]a
carte and table d'bi




MR. and MRS. SCOTT CAVES Oldest Residents of Florida City
Photo by Flagler Fotoshop

CA 1-4d
S.W. Ist St. and 2nd Avc.

Starland Roller Rink
C. of C. Building N. E. First St.

7:00 TO 10:00



Tickets Sold To All Points of United States
and Canada.


__ __

Headquarters of

The Ever'glades National Park

in Homestead.

Make Us Your Headquarters

for your

Groceries, Meats


Hot Downy-Flake



ONE okftft A a Iffiftmalft a um sommoftsmommah I

To turn left-over poultry dressin
into a real blessing, cube it ani
saut6 a cup (more or less) with I
medium onion (sliced) in fat until
lightly browned. Add a #2 can of
thrifty IONA TOMATOES from
the A&P, and heat.
Want to make the remains of
Thursdav's cranberrv sauce into

Friday, December S. 1947

To 'Have

NN'e Are Delighted


ice. Atatv

air cni

private parties.
Se)isible Rates the year
9 round . far below what
you'd expect to pay for such
superior service. And re-
inember . .
As always, for rest assured
iii Miami, its . .

Turkey rates cheers when it re-
appears in this glamorous get-up:
Melt 3 tbsps. fat, stir in 3 tbsps.
flour, I tsp. salt and I tsp. dry
mustard. Gradually add 2 cups
milk. Cook over
low heat, stirring
constantly till
smpoth. Add to I
slightly beaten
egg. Place 2 cups








and the
Congratulations upon its establishment!

Kerns & LaGrant
"Jim and Charley" Phone 176-W, Homestead
We take pride in the fact that we decorated the dedication
platform in Everglades.

We wish to extend
congratulations to the folks
who made the
a success.
A cordial invitation is extended
to the visitors at
to dine with us.

Bamboo Tavern
"Known All Over America"


OPEN 7 A. M. til 10 P. M.

TO H ...

With the

Parking Meters!

We don't need this

Junk in




Put New Blood in Our City Affairs


for City Councilman

TUESDAY, DEC. 9, 1947
A man who is obligated to none except
"the greatest good for the greatest
(Paid Political Advertisement)

Extra Special

Commando's Blue Steel Blade
HUNTING KNIVES, worth $4.50. ......
Pure Virgin 100% Wool..............
New Enamel-Lined
WATER CANS, 5 Gal.................

Pole and Pins Complete. ..............


G. I. RAINCOATS.........









Homestead's Postmaster Recalls

Founding And Progress
Postmaster S. E. Livingston of Homestead, a pioneer of
Homestead and Mayor for eight years, said in a recent
interview that newcomers to the Redlands should be in-

terested in how Homestead
Mr. Livingston said: "Way back
in the early 1900's, most of the
land around here was subject to
government control. Families
wishing to own land, and without
sufficient funds to purchase it,
were granted five acres by the
state. If this acreage was kept
and tended by the recipient for
five years, he was automatically
made the owner and since most of
the residents at that time acquired
their property in that way, the
town received the name of 'Home-
Mr. Livingston has been post-
ma;ter since 19213 and recalls the
fact that Homestead was incor-
porated under the General Munici-
pal Act, January 27. 1913. The
approximate population at that
time was 66 and the town had
twenty-seven regular voters, just
two more than was necessary un-
der the law for incorporation.
The first city council was elec-
ted as follows: R. F. Tatum,
Mayor, and J. U. Free deceasedd,
Johnny Cochran, G. M. Budd, J.
D. Redd and Walter Twedell (de-
ceased), and S. E. Livingston, City
Taking the present site of the
Lily Lawrence Bow Library as the
center of the boundaries, the town
was laid out to its present limits
of one and a quarter miles. At
the time of the incorporation the
city had very few advantages and
only meager mercantile establish-
A one-room schoolhouse served
the purpose for all stages of learn-
ing and the grades ranged from
primary to high school. The school
was used not only for educational
purposes but for any meeting or
gathering in the town. The first
city council met in the school-
house and the meeting to incor-
porate the town was held there.
A frame building, built by W.
D. Home served as the only hotel
in town. It was located on the
present -ite of the Redland Hotel.
Two grocery stores, owned by
Mr. Hornme and A. V. Duval, with
a bakery located at the present site
of the Homestead grocery, operat-
ed by Charlie Hammond, com-
prised the business section.
Homestpad struggled for im-
provement-, so the council bor-
rowed money after tax rolls were
made, and started building roads.
Before long new store buildings,
shops, and other establishments
were constructed and the council
labored early and late to build the
In 1915, Homestead received the
first legislative charter which Mr.
Livingston helped obtain at the
state capital.
The entire town was surveyed
and laid out by Mr. Livingston and
his brother, who was a civil engi-
neer, and during his term as
mayor, the sewage and water sys-
tem was installed.
- (Continued from Page One)
doubt that no other alternatives
existed. As a result, America's
great natural, scenic and cultural
heritage, as exemplified in the Na-
tional Park System, survived the
war years virtually intact for the
benefit and enjoyment of the pub-
lic, although over 1,500 permits
for war uses of park areas were
For more than two decades prior
to his appointment as Director of
the National Park Service, Mr.
Drury served as Executive Secre-
tary of the Save-the-Redwood,
League in California, the organi-
zation instrumental in preserving
thousand? of acres of virgin red-
wood forest. From 1929 until his
appointment as Director of the
National Pa' k Service. he was alo
in charge of the $12.000,000 state
.ark purchase program for the
St:ite of California. In recogni-
tion of this work he was awarded
the Hutchinson Medal by the Gar-
den Club of America in 1945. He
also has been given the Pugsley
Medal of the American Scenic and
Historic Preservation Society and
the Conservation Award of the
Massachusetts Trustees of Public
Mr. Drury was born in San
Francisco in 1889, the son of Wells
Drury and Ella Bishop Drury, both
Ministerial Assn.
To Meet Dec. 9

The REdland District Ministerial
Association will meet Tuesday, De-
cember 9, in the social annex of
the Homestead Presbyterian
A special program will follow
a covered dish luncheon, which has
been set for 11:30 a.m.
The Reverend and Mrs. Paul
Cassen, newly arrived religious
and social workers at the Redland
Labor camp, are to be the speak-

Notice is hereby given that the
undersigned, desiring to engage in
business under the fictitious name
of Sandy and Mac at 730 South
Krome Avenue, Homestead, Florida,
intends to register said name with
the Clerk of the Circuit Court of
Dade County, Florida.
Dec. 5, 12, 19, 26

got it's name, so the story

Princeton Home
Demonstration Holds
Pre-Xmas Meeting
The Princeton Home Demonstra-
tion club met the Princeton
Methodist church, Tuesday, Dec.
2, at 2:00 p.m.
After the business meeting, Mrs.
John Murray gave a demonstra-
tion on wrapping Xmas gifts, and
Miss Eunice Grady, County Home
Demonstration Agent, showed va-
rious ways of decorating tables
and mantle.
A Xmas party was planned for
Dec. 16, at 2:00 p.m., at the Prin-
ceton Methodist church for club
members only.
Members in attendance were:
Mrs. Paul Ray, Mrs. C. D. Smith,
Mrs. John Murray, Mrs. Dean
Thompson, Mrs. J. T. Campbell,
Mrs. A. L. Campbell, Mrs. Ralph
Hunt, Mrs. Maybelle Home, Mrs.
Thelma Crawford, Mrs. Paul
Driggers, Mrs. Roy Driggers, and
Miss Eunice Grady.

Funeral Services
Friday for Booth
Edwin Walter Booth, age 72,
died unexpectedly at his home on
N. W. 4th Avenue, Wednesday
The deceased, a carpenter by
trade, was born in Waycross, Ga.,
and had lived in Homestead for
27 years.
Survivors are his wife, two
sons, Edwin M., of Daytona Beach,
and Afton, of Homestead; two
daughters, Miss Edith E. Booth,
and Mrs. Lillian V. Spurlock, both
of Homestead.
Funeral services will be held at
,::n0 p.m., Friday in the Homestead
Presbyterian church with burial
at Palm Cemetery. Naranja, un-
der the direction of Turner's Fun-
eral Home. .

Marines To Meet
At Bamboo Tavern
The Marine Corps League will
meet at the Bamboo Tavern, Tues-
day, Dec. 9, at 8:00 p.m., to dis-
cuss the Xmas baskets for the
needy, being prepared by the
All members are urged to at-

*St. John's AuXiliary
To Meet Friday
St. John's Auxiliary of St.
John's Episcopal Church, will
meet Friday, December 5, at 3:00
p.m., at the home of Mrs. R. D.
Calehuff, on N. Krome Avenue.
All members are urged to at-

Friendship Club
Makes Xmas Plans
The Redland Friendship club
met Monday night in the Lion's
Clubhouse, in Silver Palms, with
Mrs. Leon Hilliard as hostess.
Plans were made for the club
presentation of Xmas baskets to
the two families which are being
sponsored by the club. Thanksgiv-
ing baskets were presented them
last week.
A Xmas party will be held Sun-
day, Dec. 14, with Mrs. Al Lind-


Mr. and Mrs. L. H. Mahnke of
Highland Park, Illinois have taken
up residence in their new home on
Hainlin Drive, and are a most
welcome addition to the commu-
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas C. White-
head and daughter, Marcia, of
Palm Springs, California, are vis-
iting Mr. Whitehead's parents,
Mr. and Mrs. L. J. Walkup of
Perrine. Mr. Whitehead is the
grandson of Mr. and Mrs. J. Scott
Caves' of Florida City.


And here's some more

good advice... be im-

pressed with your need

for insurance. It's the

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your family and property.







Phone 62 HOMESTEAD Flagler St.





Hardware, Lumber and Builders' Supplies


Certainteed Roofing
Valspar Varnish and
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Aluminum Shingles
Galvanized Shingles
Homosote Wallboard
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U. S. Gypsum Wall
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Red Top Plaster
Finish Lime
Florida Cement
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Builders' Hardware
Pine and Cypress
Galvanized Roofing
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Hi Grade Tools
Skil Saws and Drills

Ramsey Boats
Evinrude Motors
Sporting Goods
Winchester Rifles
Remington Rifles and
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Remington and Win-
chester Ammunition
Pfluger Fishing Tackle
Penn Reels
Cape Cod Lines
Goldsmith Sporting
Coleman Kamp Kook
Tennis Rackets
Base Balls
Gibson Electric
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Florence Electric Stoves
Florence Oil Stoves
Clark Water Heaters
Aluminum Ware
Enamel Ware
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DuPont Dynamite and Blasting Supplies

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-- -"I -- -- C--




'i rr I -- - - I -- 1 91 --_--- - -I

Friday, December 5, 1947



ill IM



Miami Transit buses leave on N. E. 2nd Street between 1st and
2nd Avenues, every 15 minutes, starting at 6:30 P. M. Coast
Cities buses leave Fiesta Terminal (near Royal Theatre) every
15 minutes starting at 6:30 . or board bus along Biscayne
Boulevard, 5th Street, or N. W. 7th Avenue.

i1 Se t N 2 N. gB
ninf~fTIHWMA niMjifl^

- I



Presbyterians Install
Cathedral Chimes
A set of Deagan Cathedral
Chimes has been presented to the
Homestead Presbyterian Church
through the generosity of several
interested persons. These chimes,
with their stately appearance and
mellow tones, are a great addition
to the music of the church. They
will be dedicated to the worship of
God as a part of the morning serv-
ice, next Sunday at 11 a. m.
December 7th is being observed
as Bible Sunday in many of the
churches of the world. In keeping
-with this theme, the Reverend
Frank L. Elvery will preach on the
subject, "The Enduring Word."
There will be a special evening
worship service at 7 p. m., when
the film "The Child of Bethlehem"
will be shown. This film is a
presentation of the first twelve
years of the life of Jesus as it is
recorded in the Bible. The major
part of the film is a reconstruction

Fossett's Prescription Pharmacy 1
The Largest Prescription Store in Florida i
10 Licensed and Registered Pharmacists

Own Your Own Home!

"If You Are Here To Stay
Build the Barber Way"

Ph. 176-W for F.H.A. Information and Free Estimates


*This fleet of 10 new tankers has been added to our present fleet . which is
your assurance of ample supply of NATUROL BOTTLE GAS for the coming











of Miami, President of the State
Federation of Women's Clubs
The Federation deeded the
Royal Palm Lodge including

* C



Pie-Ihlent of the Audubon
S.cijet!, aiLndl one of the promo-
ters of the Ev'.rgladi:d National
Park, ha- worked tireles-ly for
the compniletion of the park.
Mr. Baker gave his time in
,an ay, w.i,s., attending meetings,
itelviewingr government o)ffi-
cialk and working \with the conm-
rnii-I-ioi in every way possible.
His valuable work extends
over a 'long period of years.
\\'hen t h e depression came
along, progress which had been
made was retarded and World
-War II caubled another cessatiodi
but the Audubon Society kept
warden on the job all through
the years.
After Governor Caldwell was
inaugurated and the new coin-
mission appointed, an active and
aggressive campaign to which
Mr. Baker contributed, made
Near the year 1900, the
Audubon Society was estab-
lished, the first president being
T. Gilbert Pierson, and he and
Win. Dutcher of the American
Ornithologists Union got the
first, law passed for the protec-
tion of egrets and other non-
game birds in the State of
The Audubon Society still has
wardens active near the park and
if it were not for the protection
the society has given roseate
spoonbills they would probably
be gone from Florida.
Two Audubon Society wardens
sent into the glades years ago to
protect the bird life were killed
in line of duty, and the work of
these men laid the foundation
for what today the people of
America will receive when the
President of the United States
dedicates the Everglades Na-
tional Park.

Marlin Moore Legion
Post Sponsors
"Turkey Shoot"
The Marlin Moore Legion Post
of Perrine will sponsor the second
"Turkey Shoot" in the Richmond
rock-pit Sunday, Nov. 30, at 2:00
p. m.
Everyone is permitted to bring
his own gun if desired.
The charge for shots at chick-
ens will be twenty-five cents each,
and shots at turkeys will be $1.00.
Everyone is invited to come, and
help the Legion add to their build-
ing fund.

approximately 4,000 acres of
land to the Federal Government,
to be included in the park area.
This is the largest single do-
nation of property on record.

By Mrs. J. H. Haizlip

Shil Vihlen, son of Mrs. Nan C.
Vihlen, ha~ returned to Mount
Verde School near Orlando, after
a visit %with his family.
'* *
The Anieri-in Legion Auxiliary
inmt Nov. 24 at 8 p. In. with Mr-.
B L. Barfild. Plani. were made
to spon l-ir a Poppy Po-ter contest
in the 7th and 8th grades of the
P:-i rlii t -hooi ,.;ri $5.005 being
iwairle'l for fiirt place, and $33.00
'award for secn'il place.
Mr-. P. M. Finley was appointed
to investigate the posihility of
having the Perrine rehool flag pole
repaired or the donation of a new
flrgi pole.
Member- ire-ent were: Mrs. R.
N. Chafer. Mi--. P. M. Finley, Mrs
RIbet Te. Mr-. Harry William%.
Ms. Toimy Mitlchell. Mrs. B L.
Mm row, Mr-:. J. H. Haizlip, and
the pre- ident, Mri B. L. Barfield.
.1. C. Ca:in has. recently returned
to hi- home aftutr being a patient
in a local hospital.
Mr.-. B. L. Moor was honored at
a shower at the home of Mr.s. Rob-
ert Rivers Nov. 20 in the evening.
Hostesses were Mrs. Rivers, Mrs.
Johnny Durrill, Mrs. J. A. Deas,
Jr, and Mrs. Walter Strathers.
Contests were enjoyed through-
out the evening with prize; being
won by Mrs. B. L. Barfield, Mrs.
E. L. Knight, Sr, and Mrs Louis
At. the close of the evening,
refreshments of coffee and fruit
cake were served Guests present
for the occasion were: Mrs. Carter
Sayers, Mrs. L. A. Cutshall, Mrs.
E. L Knight, Sr,, Mrs. Henry Wil-
liams. Mr- F. L. Templer, Mrs. I.
A. Mitchell. Mrs. W. W. Outz. Mrs.
Clyde Hinson. Mrs. E. M. Greene,
Mrs. J. A. Deas, Sr.. Mrs M. G.
Ward,. Mrs. Louis Graham. Mrs.
Robeit Tyre, Mrs. Randall Penny,
Mrs. John Dennis, Mrs. Albert Mc-
Lane, Mrs. Howard Hagy, Mrs. P.
0. Tyre. Mrs. F. A. Cuthbert. Mrs.
R. C. Hagen. Mrs. W. J. Fowler,
Mrs. Edward Bishop, Mrs. Bob
Mullins, Mrs. B. L. Barfield and
Miss Pauline Harrell.
Those sending gifts were: Mrs.
N. B. Whitlow. Mrs. Blanton ous-
ley, Mrs. Charlie Ousley, Mrs. Paul
Van Landingham, Mrs. Gary Fow-
ler. Mrs. Ed Farnell, Mrs. Y. E.
Blanton, Mr-. Vernon Redding and
Mrs. Colby Fisher.

Mrs. Harry bWirshing is still con-
fined to the ho.-pital after under-
going an operation.
Mrs. Mattie Glidden of Frank-
lin, Ind., has arrived for a visit
with Mr. and Mrs. Carl Glidden.
Miss Pauline Harrell has re-
turned to her home in Cairo, Ga.,
after a visit with Mr. and Mrs.
Robert Rivers. Mr. and Mrs. Paul
Van Landingham and Mrs. Ed Far-
"Love one another" (I John,
iii, 23), is the most simple and
profound counsel of the inspired
writer. -Mary Baker Eddy

"Mark One For Me"

of the Christmas story and fea-
tures a beautiful rendition of the
Christmas music.
Everyone is invited to see this

Dr. White Announces
Sunday Sermons
The Home Sunday Night ser-
mons of the Homestead First Bap-
tist church, have been announced
by the pastor, Dr. J. L. White.
The sermons, starting at 7:30
p m., are listed as follows: Dec.
7, "Courtship and Marriage"; Dec.
14, "Blueprint of a Good Home";
Dec. 21, "The Happy Home"; Dec.
28, "Heaven, Shall We Know Each
Special music will be presented
at each service.
A cordial invitation is being ex-
tended to everyone.
Nothing is a majesty in sim-
plicity which is far above the
quaintness of wit. --Pope

Mrs. Kenneth Glenh
Invents Pocket File
Soon there will be no excuse
for poking fun at the jumbled
contents of a woman's handbag.
Mrs. Kenneth Glenn of Homestead,
has invented the "Pocket File"
which is the answer to that an-
noying problem.
The "Pocket File" is an' attrac-
tive plastic case designed to slip
into a purse or handbag in which
are filed small bills, receipts and
memorandum. On the back is a
convenient slot for calling cards.
No longer is it necessary to
crowd billfolds with important
small papers. No more endless
searching for what you want.

-. .... -

Potatoes Growing ,BI the Redland

Dusting Potatoes in the Redland


to the
111ll11 811( I swollen


/ Everglades

National Park

wa reality.

SA Hearty


to t 1ihe many visitors to the Redlands.

Alpine Grove Dairy



Side of Beef ........ 55c Sliced Ham ...... .. 70c
Hind Quarter ....... 70c Sliced Bacon ........ .80c
Front Quarter ....... 45c Pork Chops ......... 70c
Price includes Rib Steaks .......... 70c
C in de Chuck Roasts ........ 55c
Cutting to Order, Lamb Chops ....... .55c
Wrapping and Lamb Shoulder .,.... .49c
Freezing. Beef Stew ......... .35c



Southwest First Avenue and Second Street


Phone 398





The "Pocket Files" have re-
movable dividers which you may
label according to your individual
Mrs. Glenn is employed in the
office of Florida Lime & Avocado
Growers during the day and sells
and demonstrates Bendix Home
Laundry Equipment evenings and
in her spare time. The "Pocket
File" was originated for her own
private use but her friends re-
garded the invention as of definite
value to all busy women and en-
couraged her to apply for.a patent
and start production.

WANTED: To Be Mayor of Home-
stead! Register and Vote for Me.
L. M. Hendrick.



Watch for Opening of Addition
. a New Cocktail Lounge and Patio

I----- _ L ^ ^^^ I--- I I I*

- ,~o -. .- -. ~ *

or Mail Them to


Friday, December 5, 1947


y D e 5N

LI0 S NOTES ser'ation Bill, which he thinks of
LIONS_ NOTES the greatest importance to every-
one in Dade County. HIe asks for
County Commissioner Preston an affirmative vote. He also spoke
B. Bird spoke on the importance of the survey U. S. Engineers are
of everyone voting next Tuesday, making of the flood area. He ad-
December 9th, on the Water Con- vised the club that the County

Why Worry

about your

Fertilizer Problems ?

Try Reliable


Manufactured in Homestead
Direct from Factory to Grower

All Popular Mixes on Hand
475 488 575 493 388 10-0-10
Any Amount Organic Desired
Special Mixes on Request (one ton lots only)




"Number Please"
Girls To Sponsor
Benefit Dance
The Telephone Girls (inc.) are
sponsoring a dance Saturday, Dec.
6, at the Chamber of Commerce
building. Funds derived from the
dance will be applied to the opera-
tors' recreation fund.
Elliott Katlan's orchestra, from
the University of Miami, will play
from 10 p. m. 'til 2 a. m.
Door .prives and audience par-
ticipation will be the highlights of
the evening. Tickets and reserva-
tions may be obtained by contact-
ing any of the telephone girls.
Everybody come and meet the
"Number, Please" girls face-to-
face. ,

Commission would lease to the
club for a period of two years, a
building which can be used by the
IBoy Scouts. This would give the
Club time to find funds for a per-
manent building.
Lion Bob Wilson gave a review
of proposed improvements to be
made at the Redland school.
Among these 'will be a new audi-
torium, new cafeteria, and an
addition to the boys and girls
dressing rooms. He also announced
that the P.T.A. would erect a
shelter house on the school
grounds. Roofed over and with a
floor suitable for school dancing,
:here would also be provisions for
picnics and parties.
Visitors were W. B. McVicker
of Princeton and Bruce Batchelor
of Akron, Ohio. December 16th
which is ladies' night, will be the
last meeting for this year.

Park At




To the Seminole Indian, it is
Pay-hah-o-kee or grass water." To
the white man it is known as the
Everglades a vast, fresh-water
marsh stretching almost 100 miles
from Lake Okeechobee southward
to the mangrove swamps border-
ing Florida Bay.
All up and down both coasts
of Florida, the state of Florida
has become citified. But out in the
lonely reaches of the 'Glades lit-
tle has changed.
Otters and deer, bears and
panthers, egrets, herons, ibis,
alligators and other wildlife
still carry on their age-old pat-
terns of existence.
The peace of the Everglades
was invaded toward the end of
the 19th century by plume hunt-
ters seeking "aigrettes" for worn;
en's1hats. The great bird rookeries
were depleted so rapidly that many
of our most beautiful wading birds
would now be extinct, were it not
for timely action by the state and
conservation organizations,
Drainage, fires and new
methods of transportation since
the turn of the century for
anclile threatened obliteration
of this prolific, semi-tropical
A few years ago, conservation-
ists and other public-spirited citi-
zens began to talk of saving the
'Glades from wanton destruction
before it was too late. Out of this
movement grew the idea of mak-
ing the southern portion of the
Everglades into a national park.
LEGISLATION was passed by
the state Investigating commit-
tees came down from Washington
to study the area. Uprn their re-
commendations, congress passed
an act enabling creation of an
Everglades National Park.
A state commission was au-
thorized to head up Florida's part
of the work. This Everglades Na-
tional Park Commission was reac-
tivated by Gov. Millard Caldwell
last spring. It is now the job of
the commission and the citizens
nf the state to get the lands for
national park purposes.
BIRD rookeries of the Ever-
glades country are world-renow-n-
ed. Each year thousands of egrets,
herons and ibis gather at their
ancestral nesting areas near the
coasts or on small islands. Some
of these rookeries have as many
as 100,000 birds.
One of the strangest and
most colorful birds of the area
is the roseate spoonbill. Its long,
spatulate bill and grotesuqe ap-
pearance form a startling con-
tQnast to its delicate 4pink pluin-
age. .4 flight of these rare pink
birds against the blue Florida
sky is a sight no person will
ecer forget.
Bald eagles, graceful swallow-
tailed kites, clouds of shorebirds,
\white-crowned pigeons, water tur-
keys or snake birds, pelicans, cor-
norants, waterfowl and many oth-
er species go to make up a wild-
life picture that cannot be dup-

"Mark One For Mc"



licated in any other national park.
FEW FLORIDIANS realize that
the Everglades bear is the largest
of the black bear tribe. Ruthlessly
hunted and unprotected throughout
most of the state, these animals
still survive in the southern Ever-
glades' wilderness. Under national
park protection, the bears will no
doubt increase and become an im-
portant attraction to the area.
Perhaps the strangest animal
in all of North .4America is the
Florida mandate or seva coi. It
is a huge, ea vy seal-like crea-
tare that live., in the deep Eclr-
glades rivers and cstuariee. s
Manates feed on grasses grow-
ing on the bottom of streanis, oc-
casionally breaking the surface of
the water for a deep draught of
air before submerging again like
a great, lichen-covered log.
Otters are probably more
common today in the proposed
park area than anywhere else
in the United tSates. Raccoons,.
punthers, nmangrove fox squir-
rels, bobcat_, marsh rabbits
(the rabbit that swimne); white-
tailed derr and other animal.
contritll, a to the scene. Once
protected over a period of
time, they will lose much of
the shyness that now keeps
theti hidden from men's eyes.
Until quite recently, hunters
took literally thousands of alli-
gators out of the Everglades.
State law now protects them. The
alligator has a third cousin that

is making its last stand in the salt
water littorals of the Glades. This
is the American crocodile, related
to the man-eating crocodile of Af-
rica, but no man eater himself.
GREAT loggerhead turtles still
crawl up on Cape Sable beaches
on spring nights to lay their eggs
in the warm sands. These perse-
cuted sea turtles have few places
to go now and are consequently de-
Snakes? Of course there are
snakes in the Everglades not
as many as some would have us
believe, but present nevertheless
Some, like the deceptively beauti-
ful coral snake, diamondback rat-
tler and cottonmouth moccasin are
venomous. Others, such as the in-
digo snake, although growing to
alarming size, are perfectly harm-
less. With reasonable precautions,
future national park visitors will
not be endangered by snakes.

sarily prohibited in our national
parks, the same does not apply
to fishing. The Everglades Na-
tional Park will provide sport
fishing of all types that will get
better with time and intelligent
Scenery in the Everglades has
a strangeness not to be found else-
where: the broad, hammock-dotted
prairies; the mystic atmosphere of
a mangrove swamp; the keys of
Florida bay "floating" in the still
warm air; the cathedral air of a


cypress stand; shells along a sea
beach where few people have trod
.. And everywhere the Evrglades
landscape is animated by some
form of life.
The purpose of national parks
is to hold forever intact and na-
tural the most outstanding ex-
amples of the American scene,
"for the benefit and enjoyment
of the people."

Steffani Requests
Growers To Attend
Election Meeting
The following letter to the
members of Dade County Agricul-
ture Conservation Association was
sued Monday by County Agent
Chas. H. Steffani:
Every farmer in Dade County
who is a member of the above
nasnr.. and has carried out its prac-
tice; and participated in the pro-
gram, is eligible to vote in the
farm program election to be held
Thursday, Dec. 11, at 8:00 P. M.,
in the auditorium at Redland La-
bor Camp.
These annual elections give
farmers an opportunity to make
their voices heard in the develop-
mnent and administration of farm
There will be only one meeting
in the county this year to elect a
county committee. Since every
farmer has an interest in seeing
that the national program fits lo-
cal needs, he should use this op-

portunity to select the men to ad-
minister the program who will best
carry out this responsibility.
This letter is to urge that you
do not overlook the importance of
these elections, and attend the
meeting and cast your vote for the
men of your choice.
Your county committee the past
year was J. R. Brooks, chairman,
J. Abney Cox, vice-chairman, and
L. L. Chandler. This committee
has been very active this year ap-
proving farm practices, adminis-
tering the protato program, and
many other activities concerning

Redland Lions
Contributed To
Park Establishment
The Redland District Lions Club
deserves special mention in view
of the fact that before'the war, the
club carried the matter of develop-
ment of the Everglades National
Park before the Lions State Con-
From this request for coopera-
tion of Lions throughout the state,
the convention voted to appropri-
ate funds for lobbying purposes,
which were spent in preliminary
work to put through laws for es-
tablishment of the park.
E. H. Gallaher, president of the
Redland Lions Club recalls the
matter, since at the time, he was
state treasurer of the Lions.


r b

* '"a Express Office
.. L

Toy Toasters for
the Little Girl.




A Train for
the Boy






The First National Bank

Points With Pride To The Establishment of The

-M l-



Homestead, Florida

And Extends A Welcome To Visitors To




Located in the Heart of the Redland District ai

Headquarters of Everglades National Pal

Henry R. Pridgen, Mgr.


knowing that we have

You will be interested in

opened an up-to-date pharmacy which we hope to make
a real asset to the community. Everything necessary to
the equipment of a modern, well-stocked store has been
D Ol Every item is fresh, new. and clean? and service is
S / rendered by efficient, courteous, eager-to-please. com-
Sr- petent. registered pharmacists who are in charge of our
prescription department.
SIt is amply stocked with drugs, chemicals, and

Our stock of sickroom supplies is comprehensive and
varied, and includes everything in the way of drug-store
commodities needed in the home.
We shall esteem greatly the privilege of serving
your needs as they arise, and we hope to make permanent
patrons of you and your family.

We are pleased to have the association of D. M. BRANNON, Florida
Registered Pharmacist in our Prescription Department.

*M ....--- r-W ..r -.-. - -
~llr a







r u.;4 -, 1'. -
~~pr~l .(*4pUR8kl~~.'e: -. ,~~~~:jl~~.~:::. 4


Ail -------~-~-~


Friday, Deeme 5. 1947


Phone 16 Homestead


at Everglades where the President will dedicate park tomorrow.


CARD OF THANKS recent loss of our wife, mother,
We wish to thank the people in and infant son.
the Redland district for the many
kind deeds and expressions of Claude Fussell and
sympathy extended to us in the daughter, Katherine

Hendrick says:

I will be honored to give my
time in an effort to assist in the
work of building Homestead.

The next few years will be the
most important in it's history.

Intelligent, constructive, and
cooperative administration is es-

Go to the Polls and Vote!

(Paid Political Adv.)

L.:1 FT 9

am I

n n
f!' &es

*^ ""S8
^^'&L ^ '"^'

Candidate for Mayor of Homestead




Valentine and Tender Green

Bean Seeds




5 GALLON.....


. m .

20 GALLON....







Redland Cagers
Take Opening Game

Redland High made its debut of
the basketball season in fine style,
Tuesday night, when they defeat-
ed St. Peter and Paul of Miami,
50-39, in the Redland gym.
The Redland boys outclassed the
opposing team 20-11 at half-time,
and kept the lead throughout the
High scorers for the winners
were Herb Grafe, with 18 points,
and Dale Sprankle, 15 points.
Weber scored 18 points for the
losing team.
Redland will meet Ponce de
Leon High in the Redland gym,
Saturday night, in the second
game of the season.


(Continued from Page One)
Murphy. Mr. Murphy has been
one of the popular Gulf Life
agents here for several years and
during the past few months has
been violently ill.
He is now home from the hos-
pital and although unable to go
back to work, is able to see his
Mr. Murphy needs a rolling
'chair so that he can move around
the house and anyone in the Red-
land District having one. please
let us or the Murphys know. Hope
he won't have to use it long, but
now, he really needs it.
RDN Special Edition
We hope you like our special
edition this week. We have worked
hard to get interesting features
iind photographs our readers \will

not only like, but prize enough to
Next week, we will give you a
report on the ceremonies at Flor-
ida City and Everglades.


(Continued from Page One)
Mr. Taylor who said he had told
Morris he was not sure, but he
thought Ar. McKee wanted the
trees. Taylor also said that Mor-
ris answered him by saying, "I'm
giving you the trees!"
Mayor Harris expressed the
opinion that people seemed to lose
sight of the value of the trees to
the city, and that so many had
been lost through storms, we
should at least preserve the ones
we have.
Morris offered to give McKee
some trees from the city nursery
but he turned down the proposi-
tion with the remark that the trees
at the nursery could not compare
with the ones in question.
Mr. Harris in turn remarked
that if he had nursed those trees
along for six years like McKee
had, he would want them back too.
Mrs. Harper made a motion to
have Mr. Morris regain pos-
session of the trees and return
them to city property at the trailer
park and the council voted to have
him do so immediately.
Morris called the RDN late
Monday night and stated: "Joe
Taylor has the trees and will keep
them !"
This is the second time Morri;
has defied orders of the council,
last year refusing to have the grass
cut at the municipal swimnini:ng


To the men and women
whose untiring efforts
brought to our door the



Phone 176-W


It's Good Enough for President Truman,
It's Good Enough for You!

We Built for the Dedication Ceremonies


.W -- ..- *...S ae^iaffi^Ma^^^



Builders' Hardware

Hand Tools

House Furnishings

Sporting Goods




Homestead P. O.
Has Stamp Orders

A number of orders have al-
ready been received at the Home-
stead post office for the new 3-
cent Everglades National Park
stamp, which will be first placed
on sale on -Saturday, December 6.
The largest order was received
from a Homestead business con-
cern. When the owner of this
business placed his order he stated
that he would use the Everglades
National Park stamp on all of his
personal greeting cards at Christ-
mas and would use this same stamp
on the Christmas greeting cards to
his customers.
When the Post Office Depart-
ment issues commemorative
stamps the quantity for distribu-
tion is always limited to a specific
It is not known how many of the
Everglades National Park stamps
will be printed, however, the
Homestead post office will have
these stamps on sale as long as the
supply lasts. The new stamps will
be available when the local office
opens at 8 a. m. Saturday.


Whirl Plate mower for rent. Glade
atd Grove Supply. Phone 206.
FOR RENT: Hotel rooms or
apartments. Flamingo Hotel,
Florida City, Fla. ctf-51
FOR RENT: 25 acres of tomato
land south of and adjoining
Moody drive, also 7 acres south of
and adjoining Estes Road. Mr.
and Mrs. J. H. Estes, 4652 S. W.
14th St., Coral Gables, Fla. Phone
4-6959. 3tc-5
FOR RENT: 15 acres of glade land
between Silver Palm and Coco-
nut Palm Drives. Phone Home-
stead 247. ltc-5
South Krome Ave. (on U. S.
Highwav No. 1). Clean cmfort-

able rooms for tuorists ........l1tc-5
FOR RENT: Furnished attractive
new guest house 14'x20', living-
bedroom, kitchenette, dinette, elec-
tric stove, hot water, bath. 10'x20'
garage, through May, $600.00;
Year 91000.00. A. W. Dorgan,
Corner Newton and Hainlin, Route
2, Box 180. Cozy home for reliable
couple. ltp-5
FOR RENT: 2 furnished rooms
for light housekeeping. Last
house on Hainlin Rd. West. H.
Rice. ctf-5
FOR RENT: Rooms with bath.
Reasonable rates. 10 S.W. 2nd
Ave. Phone 453-J. ltc-5

FOR RENT: One oom by night
- or by wek. 60 .N.W. 4th St.,
Mlrs. D. S. Conner ltp-5

FOR RENT: 2 3-room bungalows,
season $500.00. 1 2-room bun-
galow, season $350.00. All fur-
nished, bath, shower, cooking fa-
cilities, Avocado Drive, east of
Seaboard, Phone 176-R. lcf-5
FOR RENT: Downtown office
space, 2 rooms, $50.00 per
Phone 448. (E. L. Cotton, Realtor)
FOR RENT: 3-room furnished'
house. All improved. Reason-
able. Phone 298-W. ltc-5
FOR RENT: Large room with
shower, in private home. See
or cal later 5:00 P.M., Silver
Palm Drive and Farmlife Road.
Phone 593-W-1. lcf-5

Situation Wanted
COUPLE, local references, desire
positions. Tractor, Truck Driver,
Farmer; Good Cook, Housekeeper.
Box 485, care RDN. ltp-5
WHITE WOMAN, local referenc-
es, Good Cook, desires house-
keeping position for couples, room
and board. Box 495, care RPN.
Notice is hereby given that the
undersigned doing business under
the name of Burton's Small Business
Service, First National Bank Build-
ing, P. O. Box 732, intends to regis-
ter said name with the Clerk of the
Circuit Court of Dade County, Flor-
Nov. 28, Dec. 5-12-17
Notice is hereby given that the und-
ersigned doing business under the name
of Arrowood Refrigeration, Federal High-
way at Goulds, Post Office Box 864, in-
tends to register said naaie with the
Clerk of the Circuit Court of Dade County,
Nov 14-21-28, Dee. 5

Rates Each Insertion
1 Time, 15 Words ------ 50c
(Each Additional Word 3c)
(Minimum Charge 50c)

Want Ads will be accepted over
the telephone and an accommoda-
tion account allowed with the un-
derstanding the account is payable
when statement is rendered.

---- --
Well Drilling
Goulds Pumps Service and Sales
Phone 393-W ctf52!

WANTED: Work wanted: we do
painting of all kinds. Phone 680-W.
FRAMES made to order-large s-
lection. Flagler Fotoshop. ctf-13
WANTED: Veteran Farmer wants
to rent farm, 5 or more acres
with housing, rent not over $30.00
month. Andaloft Bros., c-o Gen-
eral Delivery, Perrine, Fla. 2tp-6
SEE Our oil paintings of the Flori-
da Keys. Flagler Fotoshop. ctf-13
GROVE WORK done at sensible

estic and commercial. Call Prin-

ceton ,9128.


FOR SALE: A new CBS 2 bed-
room home. Cedar lined closets,
tile kitchen and bath. 150 ft.
frontage. Owner 176-W. ctf-2
FOR SALE: COMPOST. $4.00 per
yard at ranch. 1% mile east of
Princeton, on Coconut Palm Dr.
WANTED: To Be Mayor of Home-
stead! Register and Vote for Me.
L. M. Hendrick.
Dependable running water for
every farm and home requirement.
Silver Palm at Newton ctf-4
FOR SALE: Mule in good condi-
tion, ready,for plowing. Apply
at Palms Hotel, Joe Torcise, Flor-
ida City. ctf-1
FOR SALE-Quality used radios;
Dodd Radio Sales and Ser-

prices. Mowing, Dragging, and vice. ctf42
fertilizing. Avocado for planting
now. Booth 8-7-3-1 Lulu and Wal- FOR SALE: 16'x16' Cottages,
din. $1.00 each, $1.75 Planted. built in sections, conforming to
New groves planted or will re- code, ready for erection $515.00.
move old trees and replant. Also F.O.B. Homestead. Also one 25'x
Grove Discing. Sorensen and 46' Panelized war surplus building,
Kramer, Ph. 463-M-2 or 280-W-1. $1095.00. Phone 763-R. ltp-5
ctf-47 FOR SALE: 16'x16' Cottage erec-
WANTED: To Be Mayor of Home- ted on 1 acre of high Pineland,
stead! Register and Vote for Me. 2 miles morth of Homestead, All
L. M. Hendrick. for $1,000.00. Phone 763-R. ltp-5
FOR SALE: The makings of a sub-
MISCELLANEOUS stantial 25'x46' home. Erected

table arrangements. Homestead
Floral and Gift Shoppe, 122 N.W.
4th St. and 2nd Ave. Phone 53.
PLACE ORDERS for your Christ-
mas Turkey. Fred Fuchs, Phone
525-W. 3tp-5
table arrangements. Homestead
Floral and Gift Shoppe, 122 N.W.
4th St. and 2nd Ave. Phone 53.
Jack and Bill Levy, former Navy
Photographers. Phone 463-W-3.
Call day or night. 6tp-8
investor to make well secured
1st mortgage of $4,000.00 on a
residence. Box 245, Redland Dis-
trict News.
Floor sanding and finding free
estimates. Call Day phone 765,
Night phone 492-W. ctf-1
SEE US BEFORE you buy new
or used furniture; we trade,
buy, and sell; THE SWAP SHOP.
WE ARE EXPERTS in the art of
reproduction. Let us copy and re-
store your old photographs. Flagler
Fotoshop. ctf-13

Roll roofing, gravel, shingles, tile
and metal roofs Installed. Guaran-
teed workmanship by licensed and
insured roofers.
Phone 257
Homestead, FlorMda stf43
We do commercial art work. Flag-
ler Fotoshop. etf-28
The ones that only you can give,
with a photograph of yourself,
your family or your home. They
cost no more than common print-
ed cards. Get your order in early.
Phone, write or stop in for details.
Flagler Fotoshop, Phone 268.

We specialize in wedding and finest
quality portraits. Flagler Foto-
shop. ctf-l1
GET YOUR Dress Goods at Jim-
mie Walkers. ctf-3
FOR SALE: Sewing Machines.
Jimmie Walker. ctf-49
WE MAKE photostatic copies. Flag-
ler Fotoshop. ctf-21
WE DO RELIABLE watch and
clock repairing. Woods Jewel-
ry, McCrory Arcade. ctf-39
FOR SALE: Saddle horse and
spotted pony, W. C. Ewing, 204
N.W.14th St. ltp-5

"Mark One For Mc"



Vote Tuesday

My heart is in the future of Homestead and
I will consider it a great honor to serve
you as Councilman.

(Paid Political Advertisement)
I II I I -

and ready for partitions, plumbing
and wiring. This house finished as
a duplex, can return your invest-
ment in five years. Phone 763-R.
FOR SALE: Playhouses for child-
ren, 5'x6'x6' high, a miniature
cottage, $195.00 complete. Phone
763-R. Itp-5
FOR SALE: Large 6-room frame
cottage with 3 porches; 2 show-
ers, garage and rooms on 5 acres
with grapefruit, young avocados
and few mangoes. Beautifully
landscaped. Mrs. Barrow, Com-
fort Road, Corner of Bauer Drive.
FOR SALE: Boat 15'6" long, 5'
beam, needs repair, $25.00.
Orval M. Irwin, 230 N.E. 1st Ave.
Phone 258-W. ltp-5
FOR SALE: Inboard Motor Boat,
15' long, 4W1' beam, 5 H. P.
Air-cooled motor, a bargain at
$150.00. Orval M. Irwin, 230 N.
E. 1st Ave., Phone 258-W. ltp-5
FOR SALE: One good milk cow
and one calf, 5 months old.
Phone 579-M-4. ltc-5
FOR SALE: 26' Cabin Boat, cruis-
er type, charter possibilities,
$675.00. See at 230 N.E. 1st
Ave., Phone Frank Irwin, Jr.
457-R. ltp-5

FOR SALE: 1934 Master Chervo-
let. Price reasonable. Contact W.
D. Levy, Community Store, Red-
land Road, Phone 463-W-3. ltp-5
Exceptional profit combination.
Two 2-bedroom cottages with mod-
ern appointments. One is new
CBS and the other of neat frame
type, each in excellent condition.
Five acre grove, consisting of 40
selective varieties of oranges,
grapefruit, avocados and other
tropical fruits in heavy bearing.
20 Royal palms. Electric power
and phone, also auxiliary power
plant. Excellent neighborhood.
On Farm Life School Road, 200
yards north of the school grounds.
Price $15,000. Substantial in-
come from grove and extra cot-
tage. See Bob Harrill, at this
office or phone Homestead 394-
THE KEYES CO., Realtors
Suburban Office
U.S. Hwy. No. 1 at Kendall
Phone 4-0394
FOR SALE: Three new Prewar
Brower Growing and Finishing
Batteries in crates, $81.50 each.
One starting battery with 625 day-
old chick capacity, $116.85. Vic-
tor Johnson, Epmore Drive, East
of Krome. ltp-5
FOR SALE: Lot with East front-
age on 3rd Ave. N.E., near
Highway. Inquire 31 S.E. 1st
Ave., Homestead. Itc-5
FOR SALE: 1934 Ford Two-door,
$125.00, motor overhaul job,
new tires, $321.35. Call 209 or
587-J. Ask for Hammock. ltc-5
FOR SALE: Electric refrigerator.
Needs some work done on mo-
tor. $50.00 cash. Phone 178-J
evenings. ltc-5

New CBS, 2-bedroom home, livable
but incomplete; excellent location,
lot 100x137. $8,500, terms.

Roomy 3-bedroom home, partly
furnished, on 4 lots. $7,500. 3-
bedroom home, completely fur-
nished, screened porqh, one block
from school. $7,900, terms.
Unfinished CBS home on 1%
acres, near bus and shopping. Price
reduced to $4,000.

Your choice of 1- or 2-bedroom
homes on landscaped acreage (5
to 10 acres) with assorted fruit.
Some are FURNISHED. Prices
from $7,300 to $8,950, with terms.
See RICHARD FUCHS, Phone 448
(E. L. Cotton, Realtor)

FOR SALE: Hamilton Beach Va-
cuum Cleaner, $10.00. Phone
528-J-1. Itc-5
FOR SALE: Machinery: McCor-
mick-Deering Mowing Machine
and Messinger Wheel-barrow Dust-
er. Fred Lynn Steely, Silver
Palm Drive at Rohrer Road. Phone
394-J-3. Itp-5
FOR SALE: 30-ft. metal water
tower, two spray pots, 1 man's
bicylce, lawn mower, lower type
electric room-heater, and rowboat.
Phone 298-W. Itc-5
FOR SALE: Baby carriage, good
condition, 307 N. W. 12th,
Homestead. tp-5
Substantial 2-bedroom furnished
home on double corner, lovely
grounds, fruit and ornamentals,
immediate possession. Only $6,000,
% cash.

3-bedroom furnished home on over
% acre of ground. Electric kitch-
en. A fine buy and immediate
possession. $7500.00. Terms.

Another 3-bedroom home, imme-
diate possession but not furnished.
$7500.00 with terms.
* *
Large well-landscaped corner and
most pleasingly furnished. 2-bed-
room home of California bungalow
design. A joyful place in which
to live. $13,500.00. Terms.
Very nice 3-bedroom CBS fur-
nished home on 2 lots. $11,400.00.

Hotel-apt. on large corner and
main street. $15,000.00 E-Z terms.

2 lots, 9 room tourist home and
new CBS 2-room and bath cottage,
all furnished. Block from P. O.
$18,000.00. Terms.
The above two properties are good
investments but are being offered
because of ill health.
For these and other attractive
homes and investments, also se-
lected suburban homes and groves,
tor, 245 So. Flagler Ave., next
door Seminole Hotel. Phones 215-J
end 596-M. "35 years in the
Redlands." ltc-5
FOR RENT: Extra large room.
Twin beds. Private bath and
entrance. Phone 448 or 769-J.
sprayer, used 32 season. SAVE
$500.00. Phone 448 or 769-J.
FOR SALE or RENT: Tent 16'x
32', Floored and Sealed. Also*
sell Model A Truck. M. V. Lane,
Rt. 2, Box 488, Miami. ltp-5
WANTED: Tractor work, plow-
ing and discing, large outfit.
Phone 4-5249, Miami. ltp-5
WANTED: One or two men with
wheelbarrows or truck to move
crushed rock and building debris
from new building. Phone 377-J4-
after 6:00 P. M. or all day Satur-
day. Itc-5



Passenger Cars
'42 OLDS, 2-door, Al condition,
'42 BUICK, 2-door, Perfect
New Motor. $1600.00.
'41 CHEVROLET, 4-door, Al

condition. $1095.00.
'40 OLDS, Clean and
'36 BUICK, $275.00.

Good. $495.00.




'41 FORD Truck, Platform,
Fair, $695.00
'41 CHEVROLET Truck, Plat-
form, New Motor and Tires,
'36 PACKARD Truck, Plat-
form, $300.00.

'38 FORD Model A,


'46 G. M. C. Model A.C. 704
Trucktrailer, Freuhauf Trail-
er Cattle Rack 20', $6500.00.
'40 FORD Truck and Trailer,
New Motor, $1500.00.
Ton 4 W. D.


Authorized WILLYS JEEP




~F;i '~~"~~' ~:~

I a



Friday, D~ecemb,,6r 5, 1947







Two f e Lanh

NWULI Section



Office of Everglades

Park Headquarters

at Homestead-

Located thirty miles southwest
of the magic city of Miami, in
Dade is the city of Homestead,
where headquarters of the Ever-
glades National Park is located, in
the Chamber of Commerce Build-
Homestead is in the center of
what is better known as "America's
Outdoor Greenhouse," the Red-
land District, and is also referred
to as the city with the best living
facilities in south Florida.
Affording every city conveni-
ence, a National bank, nine
churches, fine ,schools, department
stores, two newspapers, a city own-
ed utility plant, bakery, three drug
stores, furniture stores, specialty
shops, a city operated library, two
hotels, modern tourist courts, large
farm supply houses, commercial
quick freeze plant, bait and tackle
stores, packing houses, building
supply and lumber yards, fine
restaurants, in fact, everything
anyone might ask for, along with
an incomparable climate the year
Homestead is a new town, inas-
much as it was established in
1904, at which time the Model
Land Company laid out the first
In 1909 the Florida East Coast
Railroad laid the first rails
through the town, on through
Florida City and completed the
Overseas railroad through the Flor-
ida Keys, terminating at Key West,
in 1912.
With a population of 66, Home-
stead was incorporated January

tiful groves of avocados and per-
sian limes and from 35,000 to 40,-
000 acres of vegetable farms, it
sits as the capitol of the principal
lime and avocado region of the
United States.
Having all necessary shipping
facilities, numerous packing houses
and being served by the Seaboard
and Florida East Coast Railroads,
Homestead contributes much to
the progress of Dade County and
the State of Florida .
In nearly every county in the
state the County Agricultural
agent has headquarters in the
County court house but in Dade
County the agent makes his head-
quarters in Homestead, where the
Offices are maintained, for the
convenience of the farmers and
Homestead is governed by a
City Council of seven members and
a Mayor, and has an efficient fire
department headed by Chief Elmer
Sullivan; Frank Brantley, a vet-
eran of World War II, and form-
erly a member of the Florida High-
way Patrol, is chief of police.
Thomas J. Harris is Mayor, Dan
Meeker, President of the Redland
District Chamber of Commerce and
Month Baker, Manager.
Father Manning Sees
Promise for Future
Of Redlands
The formal establishment of the
Everglades into a National Park
can only be adequately described

27. 1913. as an epochal event. The complete
Since that time thousands of significance of this event to Flor-
acres of the nations finest farm ida generally and specifically to
lands have been developed and the Redland area will be revealed
Homestead has grown to over five only as the development of the
thousand inhabitants. Everglades Park progresses. How-
Surrounded for miles by beau- ever, the history of other National

Photo by Flagler Fotoshop

Krome Avenue, Homestead, Florida

i I-- -- --- --
parks is a sound basis of the high
hopes that we all possess on the
eve of the dedication of God's
great gift to South Florida.
Many people will visit the Ever-
glades Park. This fact alone
should have meaning to our eco-
nomic life in terms of tourist
value. Important as this factor is,
we can reasonably expect a de-
.velopment of permanent value.

Our visitors will be duly impressed
with the agricultural potential of
this area. This element will find
its expression in new residents
coming to live here. The com-
bination of these factors plus a
discernible trend toward urban
living inspires a confidence in the
future of the Redland area. Our
own confidence in the growth of
this area is revealed in the fact

that the Catholic church just this
week completed negotiations for
additional property. This will
make possible the construction of
new facilities to meet the needs
of a growing achievement.
The progress that can be ours
is not simply an automatic achieve-
ment. Careful planning, economic
imagination and realism, good pub-
lic relations, and a reasonable de-

gree of optimism will go a long
way toward ushering in and insur-
ing the Golden Age of the Redland
-Father Paul Manning
The Everglades National Park
to be dedicated tomorrow at Ever-
glades is the third largest in the
national park system.


The Everglades National Park became a reality in
June, 1947, when Interior Secretary Julius Krug signed
the official documents.
He did so after receiving $2,000,000 from Gov. Mil-
lard F. Caldwell of Florida. The sum was appropriated
by the Florida legislature to pay fdr privately owned
lands within the park area.
Federal officials had agreed to handle the legal details
of acquiring title to such properties after receiving the
money needed to pay for them.
So the 1,226,000 acres of.land and water at the south-
ern tip of Florida became a gift from the people of Florida
to the nation. Of this total, 847,175 acres of state-owned
property were deeded to the department of the interior
in 1944.
$2,000,000 from public funds covers the gift of the re-
maining acreage needed to round out the minimum park
area specified by Krug as acceptable. The money is being
used to purchase or condemn these lands.
The brief ceremonies in Krug's office constituted
the formal creation of the park. It became the country's
28th national park, exceeded in size only by Yellow-
stone, which was carved from three states, and Mt.
McKinley National Park in Alaska.
Establishment of the Everglades National park cli-
maxed 19 years of work oh the project.
The idea was conceived in 1928 by Ernest F. Coe, Mi-
ami landscape architect, who organized the Everglades
National Park association to foster the plan.

THIS GROUP WON ENACTMENT of state and fed-
eral legislation leading to creation of the park. But action
had lagged for eight years until Gov. Caldwell in 1946
reactivated the Everglades National Park commission, a
state agency created to acquire the necessary land.
The 25-member commission conducted conferences
with state and federal officials, and obtained the $2,000,-
000 appropriation which brought the park into being.
To be eligible for designation as a national park, an
area must contain outstanding natural scenery or historic
interest, and the site must be deeded 'outright to the
federal government.
National park officials have announced intention of
developing the Everglades park to emphasize biological
values-the wealth of unique birds, fishes and other wild-
life in the area. It lies in the only subtropical region of
the United States.








United States

To South


J. G. WYNN, President of the City Council
IRA C. HAYCOCK, City Attorney

R. E. EDWARDS, City Clerk
J. L. KULP, Police
W. R. HORNE, Fire and Streets

L. L. HOOD, Lights and Water
B. W. MORRIS, Sanitation






Friday. December 5. 1947

Sub-Tropical Park

Has Rare



From now on, the southern tip
of Florida belongs to all the people
of the United States. It was made
part of the national heritage
through formal establishment of
the Everglades National park.
The 1,226,000 acres of land and
water in the park-to be extended
later to more than 2,200,000 acres
-are part of the only sub-tropical
region in the United States. Its
unique beauty will be preserved
Roads and water trails will
be built carefully through the
park so that visitors from every
state and from foreign countries
may come close to trees, flow-
ers, birds, animals, fishes, vistas
of sea and sky in a combination
unlike anything else in the
"Imagine avast lake of fresh
water, extending in every direc-
tion, studded with thousands of
islands of various sizes and which
are generally covered with dense
thickets of shrubbery and vines.
"The surrounding waters are
covered with the tall gaw-grass.
The water is pure and limpid, and
almost imperceptibly moves, not
in partial currents, but as it seems
in a mass, silently and slowly to
the southward.
"Lilies and other aquatic
flowers of every variety and
hue are to be seen, and as you
draw near an island, the beauty
of the scene is increased by the
rich foliage and blooming flow-
ers of the wild myrtle, and other
shrubs and vines that generally
adorn its shores.
"The profound and wild soli-
tude of the place, the solemn si-
lence that pervades it, add to
awakened and excited curiosity,
feelings bordering on awe.
"No human being, civilized or
savage, inhabits the secluded in-
terior of the 'Glades."
THAT'S STILL a good descrip-
tion of part of the new Everglades
National park. The words were
written almost 100 years ago lby
Buckingham Smith, a federal re-
clamation inspector. who pene-
trated the great wivamp in 18.4S.
"The appearance of the in-
terior of the Everglades is un-
like that of any other region
of which I have ever heard and
certainly it is, in some respects,
the most remarkable on this con-
tinent," the early explorer noted
in his report to the Secretary of
the Treasury.
He could have said much more.
America's newest national park
contains a vast range of scenery
and wildlife.
From the iridescent waters of
Florida Bay, the desolate coastline
sweeps westward to the salt prairie
and coastal dunes of Cape Sable.
At East Cape stands the
gravestone of Guy Bradley,
warden for the National Audu-
bon Society. He was shot to
death July 8, 1905, while trying
to board a schooner which he
suspected of carrying egret
plumes in violation of the law
forbidding possession of such
Up the west coast from Cape
Sable, the park's coastline takes
in part of the Ten Thousand is-
lands. There giant mangroves,
some 70 feet tall, reach their claw-
like roots into the shallow Gulf of
THIS WAS the last- home of a
vanished race, the Caloosa Indians,

Florida's aborigines.
Before Columbus discovered
America, the Caloosas roamed
over Florida south of Lake
Okeechobee. With picks made
of shells because they had no
flint or iron, the Caloosas dug
canals among the Ten Thou-
sand islands. Some, bulkhead-
ed with palm poles, are visible
Their "inland waterway" en-
abled them to journey by canoe
around the tip of the peninsula
from the mouth of the Caloosa-
hatchie on the west coast to Bis-
cayne bay, where Miami stands
They carved weird masks. A
deer's head mask, with moving
ears and eyes of shells, was found
near one of their mounds.
daily life. An archeologist, seek-
ing clues in the wilderness, near-
ly got caught in a panther trap
set by modern inhabitants.
For panthers, deer and black
bear live in this part of the park.
Sea cows loll in the streams,
eating river grass and swimming
out into the ocean from time to
Friendly otters, their black
fur glistening with oil, build
slides in the mud, turn somer-
saults in the water, swim on
their backs and cavort like cir-
cus clowns.
And this is the home of the
crocodile, clay colored, whose long
bottom teeth project through holes
in the top of a narrow snout.
Legend tells of a red-bearded
"emperor" who ruled in this re-
gion 50 years ago. Accused of
slaying three men in Georgia, he
fled to the Ten Thousand islands
with his wife and son. Other fugi-
tives came to work on his sugar
cane plantation. He paid them off
with bullets.
A sheriff from Key West
boasted that he would capture
the killer, invaded his territory,
was captured himself and forced
to work in the cane fields a
month before being shipped
After a ieivn of 30 year.- the
' emperor" forced a companion to
lmu.rdio a maln and woman who
lived on a nearly key. Hi- subjects
rehelleil. organized a posse and
shot him to death.
JUST NORTH of Lostman's
river, the boundary of the Ever-
glades National Park turns in-
land through salt water marshes.
wet prairies, flat pinewoods for-
ests and a corner of the cypress
Silvery trunks of the cypre,
trees point skyward like (Gothic
sl)ires. All winter they tundi like
ghiotst. In sprintL delicate green
leave, heighten the top Iranches.
Then come the sawgrass plains,
dotted with hammocks and tree-
islands. These and the cypress
swamps are the home of the white
ibis, the egret that, decks itself
with nuptial plumes at mating
time, the black water turkey whose
twisting neck has brought it the
nickname "snake bird."
The piercing scream of the
long-legged limpkin breaks the si-
lence, and sometimes at night a
heron overhead gives a gutteral
Over these savannahs, rose-
ate spoonbills used to rise in
flocks so dense that the whole
earth was tinged pink by sun-

Boats For Rent--
Outboard and Inboard

George's Fishing Camp
Now Undier New Ownership.

Call ROCK HARBOR No. 1 For Reservation



Phone 3-8431


5 East Flagler Street

Miam, Florida

~~B1&-)d ''

::P~F :
r~8~cap~qi_, a

-. A
*P .Y.



light streaming through their
pink feathers, tipped with flame
A few roseate spoonbills still
stalk on their stilt-like legs, prob-
ing the shallow water with the
spoon-shoped ends of their long
1ill-. At miating time. the male'
offti- the fenual a stick. If she
'efutl-- t, accept it, the court-
!iip end!- If -he takes' the stick
in her heak. Ioth birds hake the
;tick together, then use it to start
a nest.
Alligator. and turtles nuzzle
the hank- of streams or doze on
their banks.
ALL THREE of North Ameri-
ca' poi-onous snakes live in this
wilderness. In the water can be
found the cottonmouth moccasin.
Dry pineland is the home of the
iattle-nake. Deep hanmocks are
the home of the black-banded coral
-aiktL, the most deadly of all.
InI the hamilmocks, too, live harm-
le-- a'reen tree -.nakes and tiny
lizards whose throat.. puff out in
an oantie bul-ble when they're ex-
cited. If they venture too near
the tops of tall trees, the little
snakes and lizards become prey
for the fork-tailed kite that darts
in circles and loops.
Hammocks house the Ever-
glades grasshopper a giant
among grasshoppers, three inch-
es or more in length, with a
yellow belly and green back
with orange markings.
Zebra butterflies, striped black
and yellow, flutter from the ham-
mocks. Tree trunks are encrusted
with snails like tiny balloons of
pink, yellow or mauve.

THE LAND is flat. Tree-
islands, although not very tall,
loom high above the horizon. In
summer, they are dwarfed by
cumulus clouds rising 10,000 feet
or more into the blue sky, gleam-
ing in tropical sunlight.
No part of the Everglades
National Park is more than nine
feet above mean sea level. Most
of it has an elevation of less
than five feet.
Eons ago, Lake Okeechobee and
the Everglades formed a basin
rimmed by higher land. Ice caps
forming at the earth's poles sucked
water from the ocean so that the
sea receded to a point probably 25
feet lower than its present level.
Thus drained of salt water, the
Lake Okeechobee Everglades ba-
sin became a shallow bowl of soft
rock. Rain honeycombed the lime-
stone. The ocean churned against
its. outer walls, grinding rock into
sand. When the glaciers melted
and the ocean rose again, this sand
was thrust into the channels
through which rain had escaped
from the basin out to sea.
THEN BEGAN the formation
of the peat and muck in the Ever-
glades. Rain filled the basin.
Vegetation died and rotted. Tiny
creatures added their bodies to the
silt. Repeated through thousands
of years, this process created a

layer of peat or muck, thick in
some spots, thin in others, on the
limestone floor of the basin.
Sawgrass and other plants
appeared in the immense pond.
Its water filled the holes in the
limestone beneath, forming a
vast underground reservoir.
IiI wet -seaon', toione of tlhi
i.-ater forced its wany through the
old nd-flld sand-fflled channels. topped
with muck. These are tlhe "trans-
verse gladie,"- which nouri-i mu.?li
o-f South Flori'a'- winter vege-
table crop-.
The generall flow of the water
vwa- outh and wevet, toward Cape
Sable, which might lie called the
delta of the Everglades.
Muck is thin there. The land
within the new national park is
literally good for nothing e)
what it is-the wild Everglades.
been changing the Everglades fast
for the past 4-0 year,. The rich-
nes; of it. soil-where it is thick-
led to the digging of canals to
drain off the water.
Effects of drainage began to
be visible in the Everglades.
Parched muck caught fire and
burned, leaving bare gray stone.
New kinds of vegetation grew in
what had always been swamp-
land. Birds, animals and fishes
Alligators were almost wiped
out before their possession in
Florida was made illegal. Orchids
and air plants were snatched from



EVERGLADES, Fla., Dec. 4
(Special)-With President Tru-
man taking part in the Dedication
of Everglades National Park here
on December 6, preparation for
the event were stepped up and a
shorter program adopted, suitable
for nation-wide broadcast.
Seats for 8,000 have been loan-
ed by the Ringling Circus and ev-
eryone is expected to be seated at
1:45 p.m. The program, with John
D. Pennekamp, Legislative Chair-
man of the Commission, presiding,
will begin promptly at 2:00
o'clock with the Invocation by
Deaconess Harriett Bedell, mis-
sionary to the Seminole Indians.
After a selection by the Fort
Myers High School Band which
will furnish music for the occa-
sion, Chairman August Burghard
of the Florida Everglades National
Park Commission, will introduce
all the distinguished guests, includ-
ing Ernest F. Coe as the recogniz-
ed "daddy" of the Park.
United States Senators Claude
Pepper and Spessard L. Holland
will speak briefly on matters lead-
ing up to the creation of this new
National Park and its value to thd
Governor Millard F. Caldwell
will formally present the Park
area, in the name of the State of
Florida, to all the people of the
Nation for their enjoyment, re-
creation and education in tropical
plant and animal life.
Secretary of the Interior Julius
A. Krug will respond to the pre-
sentation and formally dedicate the
area to be preserved as a near-
wilderness in perpetuity for the
people of the United States.
The President of the United
States will then deliver an.
After Benediction by Rev. B.
A. Finn of Everglades Community
Church, and the Star Spangled
Banner by the Fort Myers Band,
the distinguished guests will re-
tire, other guests remainiirLg seated
as the band plays a number of
Preceding the formal program
a luncheon will be given by the
Everglades National Park Commis-
sion to Governor Caldwell and the
ditinlgu hled v'i.itors. Ladies of
this gtrop will ihe entertained by
a Lr.-tOrl of Ev'erglades ladies work-
ih:_. with Mrz. Mile Collier.
At the same time. about 1.501)
invited guests will partake of a
"*barl.,ecue" hut the meat will be
fish from nearby waters, some of
them cauelht in the waters of their
hrk itself. Governor Caldwell and
the Commission are hosts for this
part of the entertainment.
For those who attend without
making their own provision for
food, ani elaborate catering equip-
ment will be set up in a downtown
loAtion and while it is hoped by

the hammocks by the truckload to
be sold for dimes and quarters.
Drained by the canals, the
water, level in the underground
reservoir fell and shrank inland
from the coastline, where salt wa-
ter took its place in the honey-
combed rock.
Geological studies within the
past eight years showed what
was happening to the Ever-
glades. These led to measures
to counteract the destruction.
Creation of the Everglades Na-
tional park came just in time to
preserve forever a part of the
United States unlike any other.

COLORFUL HAVANA extends the visitor a friendly
welcome and offers many excitingly different adventures
in its Old World atmosphere. The luxury of-a restful, re-
freshing voyage aboard the S. S. Florida will add much
to the enjoyment of your vacation in this tropical play-
ground. A delicious dinner, evening entertainment and
a hearty breakfast are included in the fare.
ROUND TRIP FARE $46.00 plus taxes
SEE YOUR TRAVEL AGENT for information, tickets and
reservations or inquire at P & 0 Ticket Office, Municipal
Pier No. 2, Telephone 9-7601, Miami, or any F.E.C. Ticket



the members of the combined clubs
and civic organizations of the town
that preparations will be adequate,
there is no way to estimate the
crowd and regular catering facil-
ities in Everglades are limited to
the small population.
Lieuts. Fati-tt and Britt will
head up an array of 40 Florida
Highway Patrol members. To as-
sist the Patrol in handling the cars
and the crowds, the Florida Na-
tional Guard will have a troop
camped on the school grounds the
night of the 5th, in command of
Major Henry Nover and Capt.
Jackson G. Flowers.
While this spot, and particularly
the Rod and Gun Club, has been
host to many distinguished peo-
ple, including two presidents, it
probably never had as many with-
in its boundary at one time as it
will have next Saturday. In ad-
dition to President Truman and
his own guests, those invited are:
Secretary of the Interior Julius
A. Krug; Governor Caldwell and
all members of his cabinet; Chief
Justice Elwyn Thomas and all
members of the Florida Supreme
Court; the United States Senators
from Florida and each of the For-
ida members of Congress; New'ton
P. Drury, director of the National
Park Servi6e; John H. Baker, pres-
ident National Audubon Society;
President S. Dill Clarke of the
Florida Senate; Speaker Thomas
D. -Beasley of the Florida House;
Thomas J. Allen, regional director
National Park Service; Albert Day,
National Fish and Wildlife Ser-
vice; U. S. Senator James Howard
McGrath; Ernest F. Coe, "daddy"
of the Park; Mrs. W. S. Jennings,
Mrs. L. J. McCaffrey and Mrs. T.
V. Moore, Florida Federation of
Women's Clubs which donated
Royal Palm State Park, and a num-
ber of Florida people who have
rendered signal service, particular-
ly former Congressmen Mark Wil-
cox and Pat Cannon. Wives'of all
the men mentioned have been in-
vited, together with those of other

Have Your
Cleaned the Sanitary Way
Drop Card to:
Or Contact
Rt. 1, Box 428-Ph. 568-W
Redland Road between Bauer
and Epmore Drives
**------- **



R. B. Rives, Mgr. Telephone 9116
At the Traffic Light
Krome Avenue


0. -0 a m 4

MIROFLEX-the mirror that bends.

137-139 S. W. 2nd ST., MIAMI PHONE 9-2568
-- ,




Complete Shop Service

Steam Cleaning

Electric Welding



Tel. 150

1050 North Federal Hwy.

AL 'S BAR BECU E Ready To Serve You
24 Hours A Day

* STEAKS O CHICKEN 0 CHILI (real Mexican)
Bob (Al's brother), former Chef at Dixie Pig is in charge of kitchen.
U. S. Highway No. 1 Across from Farmer's Curb Market



Pure Oil Gas-Kerosene-Tiolene Oil We are in the Redlands to Serve You

Products N. E. Cor. Coconut Palm Drive and Roberts Road Prices

---- ---- .-.. - .. '









_ ~~-~---- -I----
I d ( --

IOb(P~i~rriHL. ~?






I '


pr r~


Friday. December 5, 1947

E. F. Coe Really Pushed

The originator of the Ever-
glades National Park is Ernest F.
Coe, 81, of 4131 El Prado, Coco-
nut Grove. He devoted 18 years
of his life to the idea.
With the zeal of an evangelist,
he preached it to all who would
listen and some who would not.
When the cause seemed lost,
Coe worked the harder.
His lanky, six-foot figure,
usually in a white suit; his
white hair, little tootbrush
mustache a nd light-rimmed
eye glasses became familiar to
senators; congressmen, state of-
ficials, businessmen and club-
women throughout Florida and
elsewhere. He talked to them
and wrote to them about the
park. He never let them forget
From 1928 to 1946, when he
fell and fractured a knee cap, Coe
was the park's press agent and
lobbyist. Mainly because of his


work, the idea spread and won HE WAS 62
support. time. His trail
* l

HOW DID HE happen to think
of it in the first place? Cove gives
the credit to his wife, Anna, who
died in July, 1941.
Long a nature lover, he had
made many trips into the park
area and was shocked to dis-
cover its rare birds being killed,
its orchids uprooted, its deer,
turkey and other game near
Coe was deploring all this at
breakfast with his wife one day
in 1928 in their Coconut Grove
"Wouldn't they be saved for
future generations, under federal
protection, if the area were to be-
come a national park?" Mrs. Coe
From that moment, Coe dedi-
cated himself to the idea.


years old
ning and

lation have come proportionately
expanded demands on the State's
physical plant: living and recrea-
tional accommodations, power,
transportation and communication
"Other growth indicators since
1940 show an increase in income
to individuals in Florida of 163 per
cent; in bank deposits of 338 per
cent; domestic electric customers
50 per cent; gross postal receipts
130 per cent; life insurance sales
92 per cent; residential telephones
61 per cent; business telephones
31 per cent; passenger car regis-
trations 17 per cent and truck and
tractor registrations 30 per cent.
"A current gauge to the State's
growth is shown in a contract-let
volume of construction of $167,-
887,000 during the first ten
months of the year. Of this
amount $91,830,000 was for pri-
vate building, $8,568,000 for in-
dustrial (including private utili-
ties); $45,522,000 for public
building (city, county, Federal;
housing; schools); $11,324,000 for
roads, streets and bridges and
It I A RA 0 Q AAA -fAn-P mih-k Pnc^1 fr i A a -








at the

.. . . 1
.. ': . .

ence helped make him the No. One
advocate of the Everglades Na-
tional park.
Born in New Haven, Conn.,

March 21, 1866, Coe is a graduate
of the Yale school of fine arts.
He was a landscape architect
in New Haven, and the work led
to an interest in national parks.
He visited Yosemite, Grand Can-
yon and Glacier national parks.
With his wife, a New Haven
woman, Coe made a trip to Eu-
rope and another to Japan, where
he studied the landscaping of tem-
ple grounds.
"In our travels about this coun-
try, including Florida, we decided
to locate here," Coe related.
THEY CAME to Miami in 1925
and settled in Coconut Grove.
"It had been my purpose to
continue landscape work in Flor-
ida, but the Everglades National
park project called for a wider
range of activities," Coe ex-
In 1929, he organized the
Everglades National Park asso-
ciation, supported by voluntary
contributions, to foster the
Coe spent most of three years
in Washington working for enact-
ment of the 1934 law specifying
how the park should be created.
Coe was in the House gallery
when the measure was approved.
"I ran to the senate chamber,
and sent a message to Sen. Duncan
U. Fletcher. It might have been
weeks or months before the bill
would have been brought before
the Senate. I told him, 'They have
passed your bill.' He said, 'I will
call it onto the floor of the Senate
right away.' And he did."
Coe has borne his share of
scorn for the Everglades Na-
tional park. He remembers the
attitude of members of an ex-
clusive club in Washington when
he went there as a visitor.
"Many of them had been stung
when the Florida boom burst, and
they said, 'Oh, this fellow is just
up here to unload some land the
speculators want to get off their
But Coe preached his gospel,
and the clubhouse hall overflowed
when he taak part in a forum on
the park project.
The idea might have died
during the depression but for
Coe. Too many people had too
many troubles to be interested
in a grandiose national park
plan. But Coe kept the spark
alive in a ramshackle office in
the Civic Center building.
"I didn't do it for aggrandize-
ment, or certainly for this world's
goods," he said reflectively. "It
was an impulse I couldn't set aside.
The Everglades National park
owes me nothing."
Now that it is a reality, he has
not abandoned it. Coe says the
association he founded stands
ready to help, if such help is
wanted, in acquiring land to ex-
tend the park area to the full size
he originally visioned.

Fla. Population
Shows Incerase of
57' Since 1930

Florida's astonishing growth
since 1930, and particularly in
the last decade, is evidenced in all
phases of the State's economy,
presenting problems of expansion
as well as advantages, the research
and industrial division of the
Florida State Chamber of Com-
merce stated yesterday in its
weekly business review.
"Most significant is a 57 per
cent increase in the permanent
population of Florida since 1930
to date; 21 per cent of this in-
crease occurred since 1940.
"With this rapid growth in popu-


I t-,


Dates In

Park Life

Important dates in history of
Everglades National park:
1928 Idea proposed by Ernest
F. Coe, Miami landscape architect,
who organized Everglades Nation-
al Park association and publicized
the project for 18 years.
1929 Congress adopted a reso-
lution approving the area as pos-
sessing national park qualifica-
tions. Florida legislature created
Everglades National Park com-
mission, a state agency, to acquire
land for the park, and Coe was
appointed chairman.
1934 Congress passed an
act setting forth, conditions to
be met by the state of Florida,
manner of acceptance and
how the park, when estab-
lished, should be administered.
1938 G. O. Palmer was named
to succeed Coe as executive chair-
main of the park commission, but
the appointments of other mem-
bers were not renewed, and the
commission, as such, ceased to ex-
ist for eight years.
1944 Gov. Spessard L. Hol-
land, realizing that the bounda-
ries then set were unattainable,
called in Millard F. Caldwell, the
governor-elect, and together they
conferred with federal offiicals,
setting new boundaries that
eliminated more than 4,000 own-
It was arranged that the 847,-
175 acres of state-owned property
within the park area--385,693
acres of land and 461,482 acres
of water-would be deeded to the
department of the interior and put
under control of the Wildlife Con-
servation branch until the park
could be established.
Congress passed an act rati-
fying this arrangement and
authorizing the secretary of the
interior to accept for a park
such "major portion" as he
might approve of the bounda-
ries originally fixed.
1946-- Gov. Caldwell on April
25 reactivated the park commis-
sion to acquire privately-owned
lands within the park.
1947-The federal government
agreed to take possession of the
park area and handle the legal
details of acquiring title to the
privately-owned lands upon de-
livery of the $2,000,000 needed
to pay for them.

In its first appropriation bi4]
the 1947 Florida legislature ap.
propriated the $2,000,000 needed
to make the Everglades National

park a reality. John D. Pennekamp, associate
The appropriation was made editor of The Miami Herald and
after the need was explained to a member of the reactivated park
house and senate committees by commission.

.1 ,/ /f *i

AGAIN this season Florida's finest and largest fleet
s of winter trains will be operated over the Florida East
Coast Railway, Florida's only double track route.
Sleek streamliners and luxurious Diesel-powered
Pullmans will -provide fast, attractive through service
daily between the East Coast of Florida and all major
cities of the East and Mid West.
Beginning December 12th from New York, the fam-
ous "Aristocrat of Winter Trains," the FLORIDA SPEC-
IAL, will be launched for its 56th season. Also on the
same date the VACATIONER and a Washington section
of the FLORIDA SPECIAL will be inaugurated.
From Chicago and the Mid West, the fast one-night-
out coach and Pullman SUNCHASER, FLORIDA ARROW
and DIXIELAND will begin operation December 1st, 2nd
and 3rd, supplementing present through streamliners.
Daily through Pullmans via the SEMINOLE, SOUTH-
S SPECIAL will be continued in service all winter.
For further information and reservations


A Florida


and Institution



The Everglades

--must traverse the State of Florida
--minimum mileage 780.

--maximum mileage 1,370.

If the average number of motorists is one million a
year--and this is conservative--and they spend only
four days in the State--the very minimum--it will
mean revenue of FORTY MILLION DOLLARS every
year to Florida communities from Pensacola to Key





Readily Accessible to Motor
Travel 12 Months Each Year


Hector Supply


Dealers for







Everglades National Park



Agriculture Cooperative


0 F


- --- --







Impressive Services
Held in Naranja
Military funeral services were
held for Herman Leslie Jones,
victim of an automobile accident
last week, at the graveside, Palms
Cemetery, in Naranja, Wednesday
at 4:00 p. m.
Rev. Robert B. Chapman, Jr.,
chaplain, conducted the impressive
Pallbearers were: George Skall,
Lee Donahue, John Davis, Willard
Barnes, Fred Rhodes and Jerry
J. T. Godwin served as Honor
Guard, and Vernon Turner read
from the V.F.W. ritual.
The firing squad was composed
of the following: Delma Rhodes,
Walter Brannen, John Blair, Rob-
ert House and Oren Pickens.
Hubert Smith acted as bugler.

Jones is survived by his wife,
Mrs. Anna C. Jones, and his apr-
ents, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Jones,
all of Goulds.

Decrease Shown In
Benefits Paid
A total of $582,471 was paid out
in Florida unemployment compen-
sation benefits during October.
This was a decrease of 26 per cent
from the previous month. Ap-
proximately 13,200 persons re-
ceived compensation, covering 43,-
742 weeks of unemployment.
During the month of October,
15,000 workers were placed in
gainful employment, and the State
Employment Service found job
openings for 5,598 veterans and
1,178 handicapped workers.



North Krome Ave. at 1st St. Phone 288-W

------------------- ------ ---



Fir and Pine Lumber
Asphalt Shingles
Casement Windows

Framing Material
Doors and Steel Tex
Barbed Wire

6510 South Dixie Highway
Phone 4-2722 South Miami, Florida

l 1 1 11 ni n l in i ,l -- 1
Q--*--- *- ---- =-- --- -* a.



South Krome Ave. Phone 484

announces the opening of his office at
60 W. Mowry St., Homestead

Examination of the Eye
Complete Optical Service

9:30 A. M. to 5:30 P. M.
Tuesday and Saturdays

a' ue- U a*

Chlordane insecticides get the bugs
without hurting your crops.
For truck gardens, here is the most
effective insect toxicant yet developed.
Deadly to most common pesfs, it consist-
ently gives kills of 95 to 100 %.
Yet, when properly applied, Chlordane
does not injure even such delicate crops
as squash and melon vines. Residue
volatilizes completely in 2 or 3 weeks.
May be used with standard fungicides.
Chlordane is available in many com-
mercial brands of insecticides-hIn
wettable powders, dusts, and emulsions.
Ask your local dealer for them today
Be sure the label states plainly "contains
Chlordane". There are no
,,a substitutes.

H your local dealer can- i ai ,.
not yet supply you with r
insecticides containing
Chlordane, write us
dIrad fo r thr namw aof

I f/m


of Everglades


w~ .



The amount of mortgage insur-
ance which the Federal Housing
Administration could grant under
title VI, emergency housing for
veterans, was $4,200,000,000, the
amount having recently been ab-
Congressman George Smathers
of Florida introduced a bill in
Congress November 17, to extend
FHA's authority under title VI for
a billion dollars, to be used for
low-cost housing both for sale and
for rent.
Editor's Note:
The following letter from Coh-
gressman Smathers to the commit-
tee handling the matter will be of
interest to our readers.
November 21, 1947
Honorable Jesse P. Wolcott,
Chairman, House Banking and
Currency Committee,
House of Representatives.
Dear Mr. Chairman:
I would like to direct your at-
tention to H. R. 4480 which I in-
troduced on November 17 to in-
crease the mortgage insurance
authorization of the Federal Hous-
ing Administration under Title VI
of the National Housing Act by
As you know, the unprecedented
demands by the private building
industry and lending institutions
for the assistance of Title VI in-
surance in financing new housing
construction have already ex-
hausted the FHA's present author-
ization. with the result that it has
been necessary for the FHA to
suspend accepting further applica-
tions for Title VI insurance.
I am advised that approximately
30 percent of the new private
housing currently being placed un-
der construction is being financed
under Title VI insurance commit-
ments and that these insurance fa-
cilities are especially important in
the development of urgently need-
ed rental housing. Representatives
of the private building industry
have expressed their concern that

a serious setback to the present
encouraging rate of housing con-
struction will develop unless
prompt action is taken to renew
the FHA's insuring authority un-
der Title VI.
In view of these circumstances,
I earnestly hope that it will be
possible for you to schedule hear-
ings on H. R. 4480 before the
Banking and Currency Committee
at the earliest practicable moment.
I am aware of the very expeditious
manner in which you and the mem-
bers of your committee cooperated
in acting upon the $400,000,000
increase in the Title VI authori-
zation approved just prior to the
recess of the Congress, and feel
confident that you appreciate the
even greater urgency of the pres-
ent situation.
Sincerely yours,
George Smathers, M.C.


Financial Statements Monthly or
Quarterly from Facts and Figures
Supplied by You Daily or Weekly.
For Interview Phone

First National Bank Bldg.,
Homestead, Florida

Homestead Municipal




to spend the season,
at the Trailer Park located



For further information, write

P. 0. Box 582

Homestead, Fla.

II I. mm mm mo n

Classroom Teachers'
Assn. To Give Two
Dade County Classroom Teach-
ers Association with some 1900
members, has completed plans for
a gala variety benefit show, as
announced by the president, Mrs.
Herberta Leonardy.
The affair is scheduled for two
nights performances at the Miami
Senior High school auditorium,
December 8 and 9, starting at 8
p. m. each night.
Going into a new phase of ac-
tivities, Mrs. Leonardy together
with her board members, planned
this event to start a fund to fur-
ther the scheduled enlargement of
the association. Tickets have been
distributed to each senior, junior
and elementary school in Dade
County to be sold by the teachers
or the representative of the
The variety show includes a ga-
laxy of artists from the profes-
sional stage, featuring the ball-
room dance team of Gloria Glea-
son and Bob Meeker. While new-
comers to the Miami area, this
team is well known in northern re-
sorts where they performed at
West Hampton, South Hampton,
Lido Beach hotel and during the

spring months gave exhibition
dances for the United Nations.
This young couple was connect-
ed with nationally known dancing
studios in New York City. They
were instructors in dancing at the
United Nations during the spring
months of this year, teaching mod-
ern ballroom dancing to the mnem-
b'ers of this famous council.
For the Classroom Teachers ex-
travaganza they will present the
rhumba, samba and a comedy
dance routine of their own origi-
nation, in full evening regalia.
Also on the bill and a star in
his own right, is Don Garry, who
will present a group of "harmonic
moods." This young man is a
virtuoso on the harmonica and is
fast making a name for himself in
this area. Besides popular tunes
he plays light classics and his rep-
ertoire runs into the hundred of
musical pieces.
Fashion highlights will be pre-
sented by Nordell's and will in-
clude a well-rounded wardrobe
with the very new look as wet as
a view into an all-time classic in
dress. Men's fashions will cue all
men on what to wear, when and
Tickets are one dollar each, in-
cluding tax, and will be available
at downtown booths in Miami this

-- F 0 X, S

A little south of South Miami
on Dixie Highway.
PHONE 48-8029
Closed Mondays

i 4

We are open for special parties
Served from 5:30 to 9 P. M. Sunday 1 P. M. to 9 P. M.
A La Carte Service 9 P. M. to 1 A. M.
Dancing till 1 A. M.
__ -i *^ -- ^^-^^*-....- j




Serving Delicious

Altar Society To
Entertain K. of C.
The Knights of Columbus of
Miami will make a visit to the
Sacred Heart Church in Home-
stead Sunday, December 7th, to
attend Holy Communion.








T. C. T.

After the nine o'clock mass, the
Altar Society will serve breakfast
to a hundred and twenty-five mem-
Mrs. Harry Hemmings, vice
president of the Altar Society will
preside in the absence of the presi-
dent, Mrs. Leon Dennis.




Telephone 511-M

U. S. Highway No. 1

Florida City Domenico Todaro



as yotir










Friday, December

cordially invites

Thomas E. Tom) Kirby
^ I I l lll IIIIIIf Iy



ELECT A MAN who served you faithfully and impar-
tially for many years as your city councilman;
i. : M I DURING THE YEARS he was your public servant, the
Following things were accomplished:
THE BONDED DEBT was reduced several thousand
AN ADDITIONAL UNIT was added to the city owned light plant and the old !
. .

i 1- -- -- __

_ _


I L. I I _I

Friday, December 5, 1947


Everglades Park
Is Third Largest
Everglades National park is the
28th in the national park system.
Already third largest, it will be
the largest of all when expanded



to its ultimate size of more than
2,200,000 acres.
Yellowstone now is the largest
with 2,213,000 acres in Idaho,
Montana and Wyoming. Second
is Mt. McKinley National park in
Alaska with 1,939,199 acres.

Arrow Shirts

Shapley Shirts



John B. Stetson


Men's All Wool

4-6 S. Krome Ave.

Bruce's Block Co.


Single Corner, Double Corner
4-In. Partition Blocks
12-Inch Foundation Blocks
At Naranja Rock Quarry Telephone 573
After 6:00 p.m., 672-J
111 1 a I-llr 11111

Texaco Barbecue


Open 6 a. m 'til 10 p. m.


Short Orders and Regular Meals

E. T. KNOWLES, Manager

To Better Serve The Public
We Now Are Equipped To Do

Painting and Body


Genuine Chevrolet Parts -- Factory
Trained Mechanics -- Wrecker Service -
Greasing -- Wash and Polishing --
Gasoline -- Tiolene Oil
Financing by G M A C Budget Plan

Homestead Phone 98 Florida

While the commercial history of
Brazilian rubber has been cover-
ed by various writers, as well as
in newspaper articles from time to
time, I have never found a com-
plete work on the romance, the ad-
venture, the suffering or the hero-
isms of the Brazilian rubber work-
er; from the lowly gatherer deep
in the jungle, to those other work-
ers all along the line, until it
reaches the holds of the ship
which will carry it to the great
rubber factories in its crude form,
to finally emerge as a tire, tube,
hot water bottle, hose, or the
thousand and one other things
made all or in part of rubber.
Perhaps such a task would be al-
most impossible as the territory to
be covered would be so enormous.
For it wasn't so very long ago
that most of the worlds supply of
rubber came from Brazil. When
the demand increased beyond pro-
duction the rubber market turned
into a bonanza. Prices rose to such
heights that fortunes were made
almost overnight. It transformed
the village of Manaos, a thousand
miles inland, near the confluence
of the Amazon and Rio Negro
and deep in the jungle, into a city
which the rubber barons vowed
they would turn into a second
Paris. And for a time this seemed
well along the road to become a
fact, until the bubble burst. Rub-
ber seeds were smuggled out of
the country to start plantings in
Malaysia. Here, by improving ev-
ery operation all along the line,
rubber was in time produced
which knocked the bottom out of
the high priced wild product of
Today however a resurrection
seems to be in the making, credit
of which is due in a back-handed
manner to the Japs, in over run-
ning the Far East plantations, and
perhaps Brazil will once again de-
liver her share of crude rubber to
the waiting world market. I believe
it was back in 1927 that Henry
Ford started his Fordlandia of
Brazil, some 2,500,000 acres along
the Tapajos River, a tributary of
the Amazon. This experiment has
been going on with more or less
success ever since. During the war
our own Rubber Reserve sent
thousands of men exploring and
exploiting all known areas in
which rubber trees were known
or supposed to exist, with the re-
sult that a force was set in motion
which may again increase the flow
of crude rubber from the forests
of Brazil. If this succeeds, then-
perhaps the huge expenditures of
money by our government will re-
act in favor of Brazil, if not to
our own. But the tales going round
on that subject do not make pretty
reading. The type of crude rubber
known in Brazil, and to the indus-
try in general, as hard-cured fine
Para, is still regarded as the finest
in the world. The great age of the
trees as well as the native way
of curing, accounts for this super-
iority. From Xingu Valley comes
a large percentage of the Cuacho
variety. While a small portion of
all Brazilian rubber is collected
and exported from Iquitos, Peru,
the largest centers of collection


Phone 15
North Krome Ave.

Primary Election will be held and con-
ducted at the City Hall in the City of
Homestead, Florida, on Tuesday, Decem-
ber 9, 1947, in accordance with the Char-
ter of the 8ity of Homestead, Florida,
for the nomination of candidates for the
following city offices:
and that the polls shall be opened at
8:00 o'clock A. M. and shall be closed
at sundown on said day.
The following named Electors have
been duly appointed as Clerk and as In-
spectors to conduct said Election:
W. B. CAVES, SR., as Inspectors
HOWARD LAMB, as Clerk.

and export are Manaos and Para.
Balata is obtained mainly from
the Rio Valley and the region
north of Manaos, although a poor-
er grade of this gum is also ob-
tained from the Amazon district.
Balata is the gum of the bully-
tree, similar to India-rubber, and
uesd to a great extent in insulat-
ing electric wires and such.
Another interesting product of
Brazil, and originating mostly in
the north-easteren part of the
country, is the carnauba palm.
From this our manufacturers
make phonograph records floor
waxes and polishes, shoe and auto-
mobile body polishes, and so forth.
It is also used extensively by radio
manufacturers and others. Called
by the natives of Brazil the tree
of life, it is used by them for
food, drink, medicine, and such, as
well as in the making of hats,
brooms, mats, hammocks, and even
stock feed. Over a century ago,
candles made from carnauba wax
were used in the churches and
homes of Europe. The palm is
somewhat similar to our own
palmetto. After being cut and
gathered the wax is extracted from
its leaves, yielding about 33 pounds
of wax per 70 to 80 palm trees.
There are two qualities, -the bet-
ter called "flor" and an inferior
known to the trade as "arenosa".
The growing of rice seems to
be at a standstill, with any move-
ment toward a decline rather than
an upswing. The greatest produc-
tion is in the State (,f San Paulo,
with Rio Grande do Sul next, and
Minas Geraes third.
The sugar industry, while being
one of the oldest in Brazil, lacks
organization, which makes it un-
able to compete with other sugar
producing areas such as Cuba etc.
The so called "Mosaic" peset has
also played havoc with the crop
in the State of Rio de Janeiro,
resulting in the importation of
the immune "Java" type cane
from Sao Paulo. There are about
30 sugar centrals in operation
throughout the country, with an
annual output of about 1,100,000
metric tons. In addition to this,
there is a low grade sugar, dark
in color, produced in some of the
interior sections of Brazil. Each
year there is an increase in the
amount of sugar used in the local
manufacture of rum and alcohol.
Herva Matte, or to give it its
grown mainly in the States of
Parana and Rio Grande do Sul.
Growing wild and requiring no
cultivation, the forests of Brazil
produce about three quarters of
the South American total crop, f
which most is exported to Argen-
tina and Uruguay.
The climate of Brazil, particu-
larly in the States of Sao Paulo
and Rio Grande do Sul, is favor-
able to the culture of the milk
worm. Most of these operations
are carried on by Italian immi-
grants, the cocoons being reared
on the mullberry trees of the cof-
fee fazenaas.
Brazil has a great source of
wealth in its forests, but due to
difficulties of transport, only the
surface has been scratched. The
pine forests of the Parana River,
which cover an area of about 1,000
,miles in length, are considered the
ones most favorable for economical
commercial use. Parana pine ncw
consistitutes by far the greater
per centage of all timber expected
out of Brazil, or used within its
borders. It is also used in the
manufacture of wood pulp and
matches. The Paulista Railway Co.
successfully use eacalyptus for ties
for their roadbed. Jacaranda, or
as it is better known "rosewood",
ranks as the most valuable timber
of the country. Brazil's immense
forest area, estimated at over 1,-
000 million acres, has a great
variety of woods, from the very

hardest to the lightest. Most of
the fancy hard woods exported to
the United States, are floated
down the Amazon to Para, from
which port they are taken aboard
steamers, either in log or roughly
suqared board form.
Without doubt, the largest
source of vegetable oils in the
world is the Amazon Valley, with
its great variety of' oil bearing
plants and trees. A partial list in-
cludes the babassu palm, the al-
mond, coconut, piassava, linseed,
castor bean, sesamum, cotton seed,
kapok seed, peanuts, and the Bra-
zil and ioticica nuts. Peanuts are
crushed for their oil as well as
for cattle food. A good oil, used
in the manufacture of paints and
varnishes, is extracted from the
oiticica nut. Brazil also has a
growing export of such oil seeds
as the cotton, castor and others.
The kernels collected from the ba-
bassu palm, compare in value with
copra, and the oil yielded is used
in the manufacture of such pro-
ducts as margarine, soap, and

III?.- --







A Redland growers owned co-operative association.
Including Complete Grove care and efficient


Kenneth Keyes, President

George Batchellor, Vice President
J. W. English, Treasurer



sale MOTI



Fred Piowaty,


Assistant Manager



n P-t Service


"Old Town Boats"

- Smith Marine Paints



* I

The Better To Know. .


by F. U. WELLS



Carl Piowaty, Secretary-General Manager


Beauty... or

Add to the Attractiveness of
Your Home and Give You

rVYFrI A fnn~a e I

For Free Estimate
Phone Nearest Office

IN MIAMI, 48-6596
DVOnI A An rMTTDoiwrT UrPer

I _

b IIlllll I l l I l

_ _


-- -L

Friday, D~ecember 5, 1947




Frivdv. Deep-hL, 9I tA1

II-- ----aJ, u'-'-'-.&,.,T ,J, L5

Federal Government
To Protect, Develop
Treasures of Glades
Everglades National Park is
totally different from the other
26 national parks-in concept, in
physical characteristics, in appeal
to popular fancy and in its en-
tire operation. It completely re-
verses the usual conception of a
park, which visualizes rugged land
with waterways contributing to
its scenic value.
Everglades National Park is a
vast, watery maze, beloved by
water birds, and alive with fish,
otters, alligators, turles and the
oddAmerican crocodile. Rookeries
of its wading birds are world
Its land areas are the frame
for some 600,000 acres of bays,
inlets, channels and rivers whose

colors range from the pale aqua mocks, savannahs, cays, -man-
of Florida Bay and the deep Gulf grove swamps, sloughs, and
of Mexico blue to swift moving 'glades. Hundreds of wild flowers
deep amber streams teeming with and blossoming vines accent the
bream and bass. greens of foliage and grasses.
Water forms nearly half of Hammocks are tree-like islands
the 1,335,000 acres of the uni- in the Everglades prairies, con-
que park at the southern tip of sisting of dense, jungle-like growth
Florida where Gulf and Atlan- of broadleafed trees, palms, vines,
tic Ocean meet inside the Keys. ferns, and airplants. Many of the
The area has literally hundreds trees of West Indian origin have
of natural waterways which exotic sound . mastic, bustic,
can be adapted to public boat gumbo limbo, machineel, strangler
transportation. Expeditions in- fig, blelly and Madiera mahogany.
to its interior will be by boat, Savannahs are tall grasslands
or a combination of boat and with here and there a clump of
auto tours such as the Audubon trees, gnarled kneed cypress per-
Society inaugurated this past haps, or the native palmetto whose
winter, creamy white flowers are favorites
Everglades Park forms an al- with honey bees.'

most limitless expanse of wild-
erness unlike anything else in the
world, a flat but far from mono-
tonous vastness of mystery. Land
areas edging its waterways, or
forming islands in its mirrored
surfaces, have weird names-ham-

. Cays are low islands or reefs
and there are thousands of those,
some used from time immemorial
as bird rookeries. The Audubon
Society lists American and snowy
egrets, Ward's herons, little blue
and little green herons, Louisiana

herons, white ibis,, amhings (water
turkeys), limpkins, coots, pied-
billed grebes and Florida galli-
nules. Bird refuge men in the park
have been protecting the nurseries
of roseate spoonbills, bald eagles
and the other winged inhabitants
from depredators.
The land-building mangrove
swamps with their torturous roots
are a familiar sight throughout
Florida coastal regions, but the
giant mangrove forest between
pristine Cape Sable beaches and
the Ten Thousand Islands is uni-
que in all America.
Its mangrove trees grow to
a height of almost 100 feet,
standing on arching roots like
a sheer wall against the Gulf
of Mexico. They grow in close
formation in an area of about
80 miles, on a labrinth of is-
lands which only the best na-
tive boatmen can penetrate
without getting lost.
Sumps are marshes, and like

Area Is Treasury of Biological Wealth

the sloughs, make favorite feed-
ing grounds for the birds. These
low-lying lands, none more than
five feet above sea level, are ret
like jewels in a breathtaking
backdrop of sky and water.
Enormous birds sweep across the
skyline or volplane down to break
the emerald quiet of tree tops.
Everglades National Park fea-
tures the biological wealth of the
subtropics to a larger degree than
any other area within the con-
tinental limits of the United States.
The park area has long been a
mecca for naturalists and biolo-
gists. Conservationists have been
trying to save its natural wonders
since the middle 1800's. National
park officials who have been study-
ing the area for years are thrilled
to have such a tremendous biolo-
gical treasure trove included with
the other great national parks
from which it differs so widely.
The park is a distinct depar-
ture in the national park program
which primarily established such
preserves for the purpose of safe-
keeping unusual Igeological con-
ditions. This geological type of
park is represented by the Grand
Canyon, Mt. Ranier, Yosemite and
others. It is interesting to note,
however, that biological values
have come to the fore-are actu-
ally in competition with geological
.values for general interest. The
bears versus the gaysers in Yel-
lowstone Park is a case in point.
It was only this spring that
Florida's great park became.as-
sured, rather than the dream it
has been for two decades. Nine-
teen forty-seven found the state
legislature appropriating two mil-
lion dollars for land procurement;
the national park service accept-
ing the lands and the president
signing the closing order on fish
and wild game.
August Burghard of Ft. Lau-
derdale, chairman of the reactivat-
ed Everglades Park commission
appointed by' Governor Millard
Caldwell in June, 1946, has work-
ed with other prominent civic
leaders in Florida and with both
state and national legislators to
bring the park into being. In terms
of dollars and cents to Florida's
treasury, it will mean a great
deal as it becomes 'a main Flor-
ida attraction. But the park means
far more than that. Chairman
Burghard says:
"Of even greater benefit
than the cash value of tourists
and nature lovers which Ever-
glades National Park will at-
tract, will be the park's stabi-
lizing effects in preserving and
restoring the great rookeries,
fish and animal breeding
grounds, protecting this area
from fires, poachers and 'the
devastation of land sharks and,
willful destroyers of plant and
n-iinal life. ThI.c po,1 k, i,'t..fe -
ing the natural heritfyge of th i
region, will be a coaster bal-
ance of p'rc-.(ltt anid fitire gen-
rrationns to the tinil and .-dper-
'icial an'p cts of race trlck.'A,
"i' gh lclbs a nd Ih.s substantial

Park Visitors Seen
Spending $36,000,000
Visitor; to the E'Eertlades Na-
tional park will add more than
$:36,0i00.,000 a year to Florida'"
Tii- e.tiratre is based on the
fat that all national paiki and
ntionuniente la.t year drew 22,000,-
000 ( isittors. The Everglades w\ill
attract at leaIt 5 per cent of that
niunrhe. or ninoe than 1,000,00l0.
If these 1,000,000 persons
spend only six days each in
Florida at $6 a day, they will
spend $36,000,000 for food and
lodging alone.
To reach the park, they must
make a round trip inside Flor-
ida of alinot 800 miles by the
ihoite.tt distance, or 1,60.ll mile;
by the longest way.

LiCensed Contractor

phases of the Florida picture."
Gilbert D. Leach, managing di-
rector of the Everglades National
Park commission, has headquar-
ters at Miami. William M. Pres-
ton, Miami, is the commission's
Of this park commission Gov.
Millard F. Caldwell says, "It per-
formed a great service . ." Com-
missioners will continue active un-
til the park is formally taken over
by the national park service.
The Everglades National Park
itself will be -a lastinwmonument
to Governor Caldwell's administra-
tion. It has had many other pro-
ponents, none more sincere in ef-
fort than Daniel B. Beard, refuge
manager of Everglades wildlife
refuge, the Great White Heron
national wildlife refuge, and the
Key West reservation. He made
original biological studies for the
government in the Everglades in
1937-38 and, after Army service,
came back to the park area in
The Everglades National Park
will be open all your 'round, avail-
able and accessible at all times.
Although hunting is barred in na-
tional parks, fishermen can enjoy
both salt water and fresh water
angling of great variety June to
June. The park will provide sport
fishing of all types which will
get better as years go by with
intelligent management.
Those who prefer light tackle
for black bass, bream and other
fresh water fish, will find many
places to wet their lines. Snook
or robale fishing in brackish
waters furnishes plenty of
sport. Tarpon, jack, redfish,
trout and snapper can be taken
along the mangrove cost. Flor-
ida Bay and the waters of the
.Gulf of Mexico provide salt
,water fishermen with top sport


--pompano, barracuda, grouper,
yellowtail," mackerel and sporty
What kind or kinds of boats
will be used to traverse the water-
ways is another question. Engine-
ers surveying the area have em-
ployed airboats, 'glades buggies
and weasels, those amphibious
vehicles used by the navy. It isn't



A Convenient Place To Shop


~K4m7Aa J-ea o/Qu4!d.





to the





Welcomes the Visitors and...








I, ______________________________________________________________________________________________

likely that the government will
sanction, or passengers enjoy such
mode of travel.
But however transportation
through the mysterious stretches
of the great park is worked out,
millions will travel the length of
the Florida peninsula to enjoy its
strange beauty. There is nothing
in the world to compare with it.

Rod and Gun Club Where President Will Stay at Everglades

Our Congratulations



Food Brokers

Miami, Florida


North Dakota, each season, plants tests of all eligible
seed potato stocks, which gives a pre-season view of
what's to come for the 1948 seed crop, and will be
shipped from Coast to Coast, border to Gulf, and over
This is North Dakota's assurance to the nation that
where seed potatoes are used we have pre-tested for
the best.
Tests in full growth about January 1st. Visit them
on Allapattah Dr. in the deep glades near Homestead.


rIII ii


rid D


Dedication Ceremonies Saturday
Everglades, the county seat of Collier County, Florida
will be the most important spot in the Nation Saturday
afternoon, November 6, when the President of the United
States will dedicate the Everglades National Park to the
People of America.
Ceremonies, which will be broadcast on a nation-wide

hookup are planned for 2 p.m.,
and long before the appointed
hour, thousands of automobiles
will line the Tamiami Trail, small
private planes will land and a
special train will roll into this va-
cation village of 550 inhabitants.
Highway No. 29 has been mow-
ed and trimmed and a general go-
ing over has been given the town,
in anticipation of the occasion.
Located three miles south of the
Tamiami Trail, three miles from
the Gulf of Mexico, Everglades
lie; along the banks of the Bar-
ron River, so named for the
founder, the late Barron Collier.
Sam and Miles Collier, sons of
Mr. Collier have worked unceas-
ingly for several weeks, making
preparations to care for the possi-
ble 15,000 visitors expected. N. A.
Herron, is assistant to the Collier
Graham D. Copeland, local head
of the Collier organization for
many years and member of the
Park Commission, who recently
retired and is now making his
home in Pass Christian, Miss., will
return for the services.
The only townin the state en-
tirely owned by one business in-
terest has in the neighborhood of
100 hou-es, only three of which
are owned by outsiders. There are

no city taxes and the town op-
erates its own water plant, from
artisian wells. It is conducted en-
tirely by Collier employees and the
Mayor, Dan McLeod is also the
county Tax Assessor as well as(
vice president and a director of
the local bank.
Collier County is noted for
farming and cattle raising and has
the first and only producing oil
field found in the state. The field
is located at Sunniland, in the
northern part of the county.
The finest stand of tidewater
cypress in the world is located in
Collier and the Lee Tidewater Cy-
press Company operates a lumber
mill located on the Atlantic Coast
Line Railroad forty miles north
of Everglades.
Visitors will find a haven dream-
ed of by spor:;nen, where the
finest in food and hotel service,
awaits them at two hotels, the
Everglades Inn and the Rod and
Gun Club.
The Rod and Gun Club will be
headquarters for the President and
his party and the manager, Claus
Senghaas has ev'erythingr in readi-
nes for elaborate service, and en-
The busine.- section of the

Land Clearing


P. O. BOX 281






SAM PORCO, Representative

(Opposite Post Office)


TUESDAY AND THURSDAY, from 7 a.m. til 7 p.m.
SATURDAY, 7 a.m. til 5 p.m.


Phone 9102 120 S.E. 1st Street


SHRIMP, fried like nobody's business


town boasts a pretentious appear-
ance with a fine Court House and
Bank building, a large general
store, a new modern tourist court
and a Community Church, which
is non-denominational. Reverend
E. A. Finn, the Pastor will par-
ticipate in the dedication services-
Wild Life To Be
Chief Attraction
Creatures of air, land and water
to be found only in the Ever-
glades will be the chief attraction

of America's newest national park.
All national parks and monu-
ments fall into two groups--
natural and historical. So
development of the Everglades
National park will be aimed at
preserving and protecting one
of the great works of nature,
letting nature take its course.
Development will be carried
out by the national park service
in such a way as to permit peo-
ple to see and enjoy the area
while the facilities for visitors
intrude as little as possible into
the natural scene.

-- q

Solve Your Meatless Tuesdays
at -
Newly Decorated.




Complete Line of Fishing Tackle
Open All Nite Friday and Saturday Close Sunday, 5 P. M.
1 Block South of Traffic Light Telephone 282-3

That nearly half a Million Avocado Trees are planted in
the Redland District?
Thousands of them were propigated, grafted and budded
by our specialists.
ORDERS NOW BEING TAKEN. We plant your grove.
Brooks-Tower Nurseries Inc.
Phone 78-R P. O. Box 36 Homestead, Fla.
L '!--- -*


Crawshaw Engineering Co.
Engineering and Surveying
62 West Flagler Street



"You Tell Us Where,.We'll Be There"







America's Only




22 Miles South of Miami, off U. S. No. 1



W. E. BROWN, Mgr.




Welcome, Visitors, to






The Last Chance




C ~~ __ ___


g-Town r resi.


1Friday, December 5, 1947


Friday, December 5, 1947

Redland District

Is Eastern Boundary

Of Everglades Park

With a population of over 12,-
000 inhabitants, covering a region
thirty miles long and approximate-
ly ten miles wide, the Redland
District embraces the towns of
Kendall, Perrine, Goulds, Prince-
ton, Naranja, Modello, Homestead
and Florida City.
Each of these towns contributes
to the civic and community life
of the district, playing a definite
part toward building the south
end of Dade County into what is
known as, "America's Outdoor
Parelelling the Florida East
Coast Railway, which serves every
town mentioned runs Federal
Highway No. 1, through the Flor-
ida Keys, which termintes at Key
West and'embodies the beautiful
Overseas Highway.
The Redland District is known
all over the country for it's com-1
fortable living, and healthful cli-
mate, and an active Chamber of
Commerce keeps the world inform-
ed of its many attractions and vir-
tues. I
Physicians the country over,
recommend the Redland District
to sufferers of rheumatic fever,
asthma, and high blood pressure,
where, when they come to get re-
lief, they remain to make their
The University of Florida main-
tains a Sub-Tropical Experiment
Station in the district, of which
Dr. George B. Ruehle is head.
Farmers and growers in the area
have the advantage of the work
of the most capable entomologists,
plant pathologists and chemists in
the state.
With 2500 acres planted in
limes, 7,000 acres in avocadoes and
from 35,000 to 40,000 acres in
potatoes, tomatoes and beans, the
Redland District proudly claims

the honor of being the principal
lime and avocado section'of Amer-
Every road in the district is
well marked, from Kendall to Flor-
ida City, and almost all roads have
fine homes with beautifully land-
scaped grounds. Some of the show
places in urban Florida are to
be found in this area.
The town of Perrine-has a well
equipped elementary school, the
Redland Farm Life School caring
for the high school pupils north
of Homestead. The Redland School
is one of the most complete High
Schools in the state, having a
Teacherage in the grounds where
the principal, Robert Wilson and
his family and other teachers re-
side. The Athletic Department,
school band, manual training de-
partment, cafeteria, and a very
active Parent-Teacher Association
make this an outstanding school
in the Dade County School system.
Homestead, with a large Ele-
mentary and High School has the
capacity for the High School pu-
pils of Homestead and Florida
City, while Florida City boasts an
Elementary School.
Homestead also has a colored
Elementary and High School.
Homestead High School Prin-
cipal is E. B. Blackburn.
The eastern boundary of the
Everglades National Park joins the
Redland District and the thousands
of visitors to the park will have
to pass through the district, no
matter how they travel.
Only two roads lead to the only
entrance to the park which is
through Homestead and Florida
City. State Road No. 27 to the
Tamiami Trail or Federal High-
way No. 1, to Miami.

- a ...'. --I M I~alu ~l~ ,,~ o~
~u~ I~lr~o~oo .~a ~l,~o.r
K.i -


$1.85 "ALL YOU CAN EAT" $1.85
Hot Biscuit With Honey-Whipped Potatoes
Country Gravy-Tossed Green Salad
Only Air-Conditioned Establishment on South Dixie Highway

Sam's Place
11 iI





Serving Home-Made Italian Spaghetti





Telephone 546-M Florida City







Polly Rose Balfe, Editor,
The Redland District News,
Homestead, Florida
Dear Polly:
Congratulations on your fore-
sight and progressive spirit in pub-
lishing this special issue of your
The two big events in connection
with the Everglades National Park
should be historically recorded and
I think you have done much to-
ward that end.
The Park, stretching as it does,
from the east to the west coast
of Florida, should band together
those towns most interested in its
development. We, of the Chamber
feel that those responsible for this
great asset have demonstrated that
South Florida, rather than a few
communities, holds this Park in
trust for the Nation.
We are also very happy in the
knowledge that we were able to of-
fer the officials a building for their
Head Office at Homestead, which
is now open to the public.
This vast agricultural area, the
Redland District, has not, in the
past been tourist conscious to any
extent. Our agricultural activi-
ties are in the winter months and
we are too busy to consider much
We have not the least intention
of abandoning our agriculture, so
the field is wide open for those
interested in giving services to the
public which will be demanded by
the influx of visitors to the Park.

However, the Chamber, willing
to assist in any way possible, will,
with the aid of its members, pre-
vent cheap, gaudy and get-rich
schemes from being established.
We desire to maintain the dignity
of the Park and the Community.
The growth of the Redland Dis-
trict has been maintained by clean
advertising suggesting that it is
THE spot for comfortable living.
We do not say that fortunes will
be made in agriculture, in fact, we
know that isn't true. We do know
however, that people who know
what they are doing when they in-
vest, have a better opportunity of
living comfortably here, than in
any other line of endeavor else-
Evidently this is the case. Sta-
tistics reveal that from June 1946
to October 1947 the number of
users of electric current in the
grove area from Florida City to
Goulds, increased 41.7 per cent.
Any community that increases
at the rate of 31.2 per annum can
be proud and must have something.
The Chamber knows that your
publication has boosted the activ-
ities of the Redland District to the
limit. We greatly appreciate this
service. We know that you per-
sonally have given of your time
to assist in organizing features
and attractions and we are again
in your debt. We thank you for
this special issue.









- I I

TURNER FUNERAL HOMEe EvergladeNational Park
24-Hour Ambulance Servicee Eerades Na
ne 270 Homestead, Florida

- ~:1





of C. Manager Praises Effort


IYou Have Not Tried

Bob and Lou's Cafe

You've Missed a Treat

Home Cooked Meals -- Pit Barbecue
Ribs and Chicken


"Take Some Home for the Family"


Custom Built

Fishing Rods

We design and make Rods to Fit your Needs.
Repairs to all types of Rods and Reels.

Everything for the Fisherman
"25 Years Serving the Fisherman"



-. - ii


We Welcome Visitors To...


Stamp Dedication

congratulate the
successful efforts
of the people who
have made the

Everglades National Park


Franklin's Grocery

"BILL and P. J."

Extend Greetings and Good Wishes To



Every Visitor Attending The

Dedication Ceremonies


!at Key
tional P
in Everg
and the
plans to
a crowd
exceed 2
ed for
Naples a
with Ar
the publ
mitted t
the office
The P
drive we
turn tow
will be c

Everything Ready For Dedication

President Truman already Persons on foot, however, will have
West, last doubts of his a good chance of catching a glimp-
nce at the Everglades Na- se of the President as he passes.
There remains the possibility
ark dedication ceremonies that *..ei.ai- of weather, ground
blades evaporated last night facilities or other considerations,
county seat redoubled its the army or the President himself
Accommodate tomorrow may decide to land his plane at
which many estimate will another airport rather than Naplet.
Z0,000. Last reports, however, were that
service men ;iIIf,..:d in he and his party definitely had
les Wednesday night and definitely chosen Napl'P as the
tely clamped a blanket of de-planing point in Coll-o County.
on exact details of the Mayor Roy Smith, who with
t's movements. Theyclear- other city officials was made a
publication, however, the member of the local reception coin-
g tentative schedule:- mittee, said that special arrange-
ent Truman will arrive at ments have been made for station-
irport at about 10:30 a. m., ing fire-fighting and rescue equip-
rmy escort craft landing ment at the Naples airfield.
lately one hour early. The President and his official
airport will be closed to party are expected to arrive at
ic. The only persons per- Everglades at about 11:15 a. m.
o enter the field will be They will be guests at a luncheon
:ial escorting and greeting arranged by the Everglades Park
ees. Commission.
'resident's motorcade will Everyone will go to Everglades
st on the airport road and airfield immediately after lunch
vard Everglades on the for the dedication ceremonies which
Trail. All parked cars will begin at 2 p. m.
learned from this route and The President will leave immed-
s are asked to co-operate. lately afterward.


The unusual photograph above shows a Snowey Egret, one of the
rarest specimens of wildfowl in America, on its nest in the Everglades
National Park.

Seminoles Make Shirt For Truman

Both divisions of the Semonile
Indian nation-the Cow Creeks
from Biiphton aril the Micosukees
from the Big Cypi t--plan to :t-
Stendi the pa k dedication iLee,inieitii
in Everglades Saturday when their
Ieadets x\ill present to President
Ti, inan a many-hued Seminole
The informal presentation, which
will take, place before the official
p)!-.i'ir:ti't will begin,. marks the
il, t i, tasion on which any mem-
her of the tribe has paid tribute
to an American President. No
formal peace treaty has ever been
signed between the Seminoles and

the federal government and fI.r
years they bitterly resisted noty
governmental efforts toward gudi-
ance or assistance.
In recent years, under the lead-
ership of Kenneth Marmon. Si-ulth
Florida representative of the Bu-
reau of Indian Affairs, the bantl.
have become more friendly and arte
now largely engaged in' cattle
ranching, farming and frog-hirot-.
President Truman will get hi,.
shirt from Cory Osceola, descen-
dant of the famed Seminole Chief-
tain, and William McKinley, an-
other tribal leader.



Panther like this one on display at Everglades Reptile Gardens
in Bonita Springs roam the new Everglades National Park. Iden-
tical to the western puma or mountain lion, the Florida Panther
lives largely on racoon.

I HB^^ K a ,,' ;it,.''. e*-' ..- ..,,

T'Io of the main building. in the liut ine-. .ettin)l of Esei gladi -.
Si.ene ul the E \e il;les Natioinal 'Park dedicatiol cerenlmn'e- and
count) .eat of Co!liet i ouint, are -ho hi' Ii here. l he upper pholu~l .ph
i,- of the tumint (out I- ou-e, hile h-wl it i th Malinhat.,tn De-
parlmnint Store Hulilding.

Naples Ships Winter Vegetables

T he fi t'i.t ei l .: ...J '. u i ,: ..-.;i ,,.-,t lei n rat ina l, t .e j !t -
veget:al. r ie, e-'e t,, I t' .Na l .. l a t.l.I .l [ t'-n tij dl Ls aill u- le: -
u ,a. -. il : ., <,',ti ,ljy 1..;, 1' !, .J.,-_- e :i] . i. ,nai .. .,1 l.I p-.. _l, .. r
Sc lllbt, gean; ., Bp.uPe' a ne alet' .nt.... Tie dil.e. da miilt
a nri:,.un.eI *- t? ;ia T hI, 1 :1 1 ,. l:,red ',,ll ftioJ ld : rt 1 i n,
cRosignt, tu RP-l.icut T.ural Cio-eveln I-iot tul to fein pro It. lirienh
andt Co... Ne Drive. .. riThlei tir,- in h aiinl'all the gile top
tiect led in tike iiiiiont wA'e f ae [te-ont l t co draw ot f -t.apicl nr-

ggplantoe sea el Rostfres late d n time of
The shipment manrks a plodue- drought, h ae opened

:Ioasts crops of clienimbers, tonia- tIe sulpetisioii1 of the Fl..irla
l.oes, sweetl. pilatit" Irisih potatoes., state ile-pai tielt of agi cu ltite.
t'I lanilt. in t-d peppers, git-enti 'ieanTis TIe iltIE-ry iS operated I.'.\ H .
antid ma y otlei gailen al.le ll. GJ-t a '-tera.n Cullis Lt L.int:,
which, if planted in a inr-le I\, eLVV' i All lante ol, Ial', tin-
would stretch for 50 .ile. ii- e (.el l';enl I.%, ta Farm Opportuniiteh i : slijij; state supelt i .-in said i-
The development, which is an section. -

S 27 8E 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37T 38 in.
y782. --0 .. 12 3" 3 B-lHOWARD CO. '\.339 40 L si ll ndl ,j
opeland 52 R- IDADE CO.

O OChokola e COLLER CO.
I E R I ,v t
7wAM4a4I CAHA' 4 Miami Beach
534 a orl Gabl s L9Vrgania Key
A C awon Cocoanut Q rove
S Pa ,-%, ,n Key3'+, fy SouthMi~ nt Key Biscayne
u ao 55 Kendall R ;
R Cape FlorCO
S/ I1, CA A I" ',mBPe rre a c

' .. )^i
UL 7nould OS-old eBr ey
l'' P

S-NATIONAL PARK oi Elliot7s Key
\ 1 5 7Florida City -- --

Perri deAeow PARK 58

o56 59

Northwest Cape

Middle Cape O < La Old Rho des ey

EatCape tT a ing 6 Lar'
33 34 35 36 37 3 38 39 40
ST- -- - ------ oRoc- M-arb or

.M E X I CO 6 and ey 6Z R o" .*i
C 0 Siandy Key vernier,
I Tav erni,

27 ` ~28 29 30 31 3Z 33

P. Irk q? 0

. . . - - - -- - - --- --- c

4 : 67
j 4Logjerhead Key



; AiI"7i -Plantation Key

S----- amr- d_ L Upper--Matecuimbe Key

Lower Matecumbe Key

. '. .. *
SLong Kt7 ------ -


Authorized park boundary
County line
Paved road
Unimproved road i

0 5 10 15 20
Ls-_---__,I L........
Note:-This map compiled from U.S.GS., 6. ...
/S.C.6S., B.fR. maps and other sources.

S81' -NR EVE.-7001 80'. "" 3

1,000 Will Attend
Dedication Fish Fry
Approximately 1,000 guests, all
invited by John Pennekamp, chair-
man of the Everglades Park Com-
mission invitations committee, will
attend a special fish fry to begin
shortly after noon at Everglades
on Saturday.
All invitations to the affair were
mailed from Miami by the Park
Among the guests will be the
wives of U. S. Senators and Repre-
sentatives who, because of the lack
of seating capacity at the Rod and
Gun Club, will be unable to attend
the .:.heon for President Truman.

Glads For Truman
Sent To Everglades

Two hundred and forty of Lee
county's finest gladiolus blossoms,
the gift of the Fort Myers glad
industry, arrived at the Rod and
Gun Club in Everglades yesterday
and will be used to decorace the
rooms occupied by President Tru-
man during his stay there.
It was Mr. Truman's second gift
of gladioli, the first having been
taken to him at the White House
by Fort Myers Junior Chamber of
Commerce representatives last win-

A recent aerial view of the town of Everglades. The arrow at the lower left points to the area where
the dedication ceremoidies for h2 Everglades National Park are being held.

n p P FAND



8 .ARfO cienS

ou 11l 'o' Roo 4VD 6UN

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a ---C I


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a2 co I ft [iJ . :r

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0 ________AVENUE__50__RT"

~ -. To TA/M -t
9 p pi



Zbi 1 4 1 1 --4-- -- ---* -*d= - L- I i zz)

. .



---- --~--~

--- -----------I--------


n TJ


THE COLLIER COUNTY NEWS, Friday. December 5. 1947 9

FishingOff the Pier /,I
By Eddie Watson i

For several years Naples resi-
dents have visited the pier during
the early evening hours to watch
the beautiful sunsets-to watch
others fish--or just to relax after
the day's work. Although the pier
is 'maintained il-;,iirily for the
convenience of those who wish to-
fish, we want to welcome everyone
even if he has never r.iu'it. a fish
and never intends to try. No kid-
Busy Thani-eiving
We had visions of a slow, easy
Thanksgiving Day because every
American loves to take a holiday
slow with late h. I'.-L. big c aior
and much gabbing. However, it
was a pleasant surprise when near-
ly everybody in town showed up
and the fish obligingly swallowed
everything that was thrown out
for them.
Friday, Saturday, Sunday and
Monday the Gulf was muddy be-
cause the cold wind couldn't de-
cide whether to blow from the N.-

Marinello Bi
Naples Hote

No Pe S

Real Estate

NNW.-.-N .-NNE.---or NE, but Dayton Sisler from Pennsylvan-
was determined to rush on down ia, one of the old time snookers
to a warmer climate. Since it takes who just arrived, was one of the
lucky anglers. Omin Brown il'eatii
more than a cold wind to keep the a 16 pounder and Carl Molter 1.in.l-
true fisherman from fishing, the ed a 12 pounder, and Ed Turner,
pier was seldom without customers of Atlanta, is the week's&prize win-
and, strangely ernu..-,, several ner-even if the 5o p..uiii-eatcht
large snook were caught. was the lowly drum lisi! Ma:ni.-
the drum isn't the most tasty but
it certainly is thrilling to pull one
eauty Salon in! Last but not least, the Her-
bert Quinns from Steubenville,
el Premises Ohio, are back on the pier for the
for Season: winter.
M 11 D I: 1) OSP.ORH NE Now the wind has slowed up con-,
SOwner and Manager siiderably and the water is getting;
clear again so good fishing for the
week end is predicted.
2 Last minute flash-Earl Barrett!
of Atlanta arrived Wednesday with
Mr. Reeves of Clearwater and lost
no time n getting to the pier and
Setting a hook in the water.
Since 1922

- Insurance
- Sales

(Opposite Naples Hotel)
Phone 44

-For the most famous names
in sportswear . .
Prr 1~---~--

Everglades Chamber
Helps On Directory
The Everglades Chamber of Com-
merce today was asked by the
Florida State Chamber of Com-
merce to assist it in the prepara-
tion of its 1948 industrial directory,
by impressing upon manufacturers
and others receiving the state
chamber's que- t onlianie the nec-
essity of returning the data promp-
tly to that iacanization.
The directories. rcolirtin to the
State Chambi.er, ha\e Ieeii iiitru-
mental im devtlol'ing itisines for
Florida firms engaged in pr:,:e's-
ing and manufacturing, and are
of-great value to the state's eco-
nomy, generally.
A list of industrial plants in and
around Everglades was furnished
the State Chamber by the Ever-
plades Chamber recently, and data
..-i. ,- have now been mailed these
firms by the State Chamber.
"Naturally we want each Ever--
glades firm listed in this statewide
directory," said Sam Collier mana-
ger of the local chamber, for the
distribution of the directory is
nation-wide, and issues of the past
have meant to us."
The forms sent out to the state's
processors by the State Chamber


For Your Purchases

Of Kaiser-Frazer Cars

Nearly a dozen residents of Naples have recently become
proud owners of the New Kaisers and Frazers. The owners are
our best advertisements; ask them about these first 100 per cent
Postwar automobiles. They'll tell you that in performance,
Sroominess and ride, Kaisers and Frazers are in a class by them-
selves. Immediate, or. Early Delivery.

Phone 980 Fort Myers

ask for certain, data not ngw in but essential to the publication of
the hands of that organization, the directory.
*I- -- i.

Only 10 More Days
Of the Roe Mullet Season

Phone 106


We Deliver


Top Cotton Values!

Just 2.98 for these charming girls
dresses-yet they measure up to'
ALL our high standards-deep hems
"let out" ... nicely finished seams
... Sanforized dr preshrunk . .
smartly trimmed... high count cot.
tons! And prints, solids, checks,
plaids! 3-6, 7-14.



I I. Q.rIw ..,,' -,.; I-.-' a .- -- -o I
',I'd pull out your hair if I weren't afraid the color
would coime off on my hands!'

1larco Island New7s thEr, Lrin had a a tud'in near-ly
,ivi-,ere be i-z ld hictilli Iie li'? of
By Canilla Hlmew In iOt rttiliied irowianair trip
jcqu cliri-t. M I-. HO Og 11 tel I i n
iI :. Island Inn and t toi N.w Ne 'it : Yolk rt- h.! we' % inter-
Fo.. *' '".'orien Lr thie P1M4_ijI4X e%% ed by tIe 5U nitedt-l Pi--?. irelatiie
j Ieiti. E. F. Woadsli. Cirlal to hiWd l l. a c -,it .
vatint hAte uxceded hit. P ie'C t- pvIi ItIa to an eight ri, -nd On l 'IIA
titn-. Many .mtirpiveune il. Ii r j ,i n ;th' I,.-. 1 1t4onl Ho I'i tal
t ,i a-il ll tri tte a-conl"Jat'A vi in F,,rt LI
gi uFt- and a sult-iieot iiurulw-i id MrE. Le lie Bronson i visiting
gn.rld,'- ard sinai! boats are ot baid hr daughter Ir&. Ola B. Dragon
Fr aticev any deimanid. in Pigeon Cove, Mass.
Fcard, Johnson haf returned aF Addison s(rashes
the Inn's superintendant or' A odi t i
sl Richard Aridison.-drivingj tire flsh
vice, the cocitail lowge ik in tile truci. of Kelly Gantt. collided wvith
(arralle hands of Bob HatiavJ k,, car dr-ven lo Williarn Ludlow
ai(d C tef Bill TiIwnes i6. sidl Il of I 'alhaamIn 1laqt Thurday night.
t,-r ni the cu.sine. athiLU 111411 1,-th veldicl,' -oifferiin cg,)ideriil-
11i1l lt eurroli'idkijr wat 51-'. tI- darngte. Lu'.llu\O %k a- eii.rn uii
v. 1. &:r, or.I ,,f the trtwi i -. t i, lllt d n -- i ci h .o ru .Stte
spo (.--f Cllier 1C-ounty. R e".i -Pd I a lii Ittl LiT" I'dheort.% jiter tho-
1-- ot ef re tI' Iguide I-.r. ; III-
Ii', 1 '1 t111Mar( o Ih t t e.;. ..: I Fi l-til I'.. r,'l I u'.rti 1:- re ij rI
ti. i tied i % Aell1. % t h. ii.,'I-', Fi M '- w .:li.

r -1 ZI --
T '-I Iurr a : A -d I D ll I.
.~~ ~: II~ ~_ llllll:~.( II f-W tI l- 1. 1. L I LI l Z. II-I ilrll

C -i -_. G I I I . 1 C: .. .... III c,.
3' m n ;tin k


Many Extra Details !

3.98'ers are high style! And clev-
erly trimmed! All sorts of expensive
"extras" frilly vestees, pouch
pockets, tiny peplums, eyelets and,
lace! We've never seen such novel,
becoming dresses! They're SUPER !
3-6, 7.14.


Comfortable, Newly Decorated rooms in the center
of the City's Resort Activities
$6 a Day Up, European Plan

NEWSA Frdiay, December 5i, 1947


Welcomes to Everglades

The Everglades National Park



Nu Maid Oleo -

l---lb. 36c

10-Pound bag Sugar -------..-------.. --._ -...............

-. $1.03

All Brands Coffee ......--------. -.---------..-l.. b.


Loin Beef Steak ----- -- ---- --- lb. 65c

New Crop Walnuts, Paper-shell Pecans -.........- -......- lb. 50c

Swift's Prem- ..-----.-- --.-------------.. ....--------...... lb. 40c



Manhattan Market

"Everything Good To Eat"

Frank Bozarth, Mgr.

1.^_ ___

'1Shrmnkmge 'i,1 not emeeed 11,4

I I a a ~I llnall



Manhattan Market


President Harry Truman



VOL V Io.Z i ..


National Park

Collier Couny
Published Every Friday at Naplem, lioIridn
Naples. Florida, Friday. December 5. 1947





Everglades, Collier Cfwida
;Ceremonies will begin at 2:00 at th e des Air Field.
=i- ,. rk Commissioner John D. Pei~ka 1~nii, Presiding
Invocation _-- _---_ _---- ------ Deaconess dell of Everglades
Introduction of Ernest F. Coe,L onsor of the Park,
and other distinguished guests
Chairman August Burghard of the Park Commission
March Selections -.---___Fort Myers High School Championship Band
Presentation of Royal Palm State Park Plaque by
Mrs. W. W. Jennings to Newton P. Drury, Director of National Parks
Selections ----------.....-......-..---. ......... Fort Myers High School Band
.Remnrks bv Se or Claude Pepper ___
."--W W---
a ks by. Senator Spessard L. Holland /-
Prese ^he Everglades National Park lands to the nation&st
a gift of the people of Florida
Govenor Millard F. Caldwell
Dedication of the Park by
Secretary of the Interior Julius A. Krug.
Benediction by the Rev. E. A. Finn of Everglades
The Star Spangled Banner ...--...--...........Fort Myers High School Band

Martin Andersen "
Karl Bickel
Gen. Albert H. Blanding
Carl Brorein
Harold Colee
Mrs. T. V. Moore
Richard D. Pope
G. G. Ware

SEv es National Pa
u ar, Chairma
;-frs. Josepht. Gray
Joe Hall
Carl Hanton
Fayette Holland
Mrs. W. S. Jennings
Nelson P. Poynter

Gilbert Leach,
Managing Director

McGregor Smith,
Dedication Chairman

rk Commission
A. Cliff Johnson
J. Kenard Johnson
Dr. E. C. Lunsford
Mrs. Gillen McClure
A. B. Michael ?
John D. PennekampI .-' _
Leonard K. Thiompson

Will M. Preston,
Commission Attorney





2 THE 'O..LIER COUNTY NE\\S. FIdia:%, December 5, 1447

The Naples Notebook
H. G. O'Keefe is attending two of Columbus, Ohio arrived SnlIa:d,
district meetings of the State Hotel at 'their winter home, Sea Villo,
Association in St. Petersburg and and will remain here for about a
Orlando where he will be one of month before retaining to Colum-
the speakers. While he is in St. bus. Mr. T\'tl:m., ; the president
Peter-,urg. lie will represent the of The Naples Company.
Naples Chaimbec of C:.ni',neiCte at TMr. and1 Mrs. Claude M. Storter
an annual convention of thie state pr-til TIhankslgiingg with their
Chamber of Commerce at tlhe Sore- ,lauijhit-.r aild fi:il, Mr. and Mrs.
no Hotel. Mrs. O'Keete i a.c- W allace Stoi s, in Taripa. Mr.
companying him. Ba Ny M. Storrter, a son and htiirleni
Preston Sawyer, Naples fishing at Ernory University in Atlanta.
guide, .has purchased fraimn Thel was with them for .covtral days.
Naples Company additional pro- IMrs. Harold Earnshaw has re-
perty adiin ilm ]hi present hloilei turned to her home in Naples tenm-
site. porarily until she gets her furni-
Mr. and Mrs. Henry B. Watkins ture shipped to her new home in
Mr. and Mrs. Lui Frank have
moved into the south apartment
of their new six apartment build-
ing. Mr. and Mrs. G. E. Turner
Doris E. Gandees are living in the north apartment
of the building.
Ho e Suervis Bill Galbraith spent the Thanks-
Home Supervisory ;j\n, holidays with his mother,
Mii. C. R. Galbraith at Sea. Island,
Service Ga.
Service Mr. and Mrs. Earl Booker were
in Fort Mye-s Saturday Tight
where they attended the carnival.
Mr. and Mrs. D. A. Garrett and
Opening and Closing of homes son, and Sonny Earnshaw attend-
and Smmer Supervision. e edthe carnival in Fort Myers Sat-
and Summer Supervision. We urday night.
check your utilities and advise Mrs. Gertrude Boyd of Ohio has
joined the staff of telephone
you of unusual conditions at operators at the Inter County Tele-
phone office.
all times. Mr. and Mrs. Enoch Wji;lelrt
and young son, Blip, and fnmiuil
were te ,nii'rie guests of Mr.
and Mrs. Robert Benson and family
ALSO Sunday.
Mrs. Benny Katto has recovered
from her recent illness.
Employment Service Mrs. R. L. Combs and children
and Mrs. Norman Santini and hili-
Phone 45 P.O. Box 578 ''i"en "t':r',i to Marathon ..n
Thlanlk.givini- Day.
Mr. anid iMr:. Pappy MlclKn- and
faiiily are expe,:t(ed t lo U .,'i iv :1 1ii
weewrL- to speiiid tlih sea.,:,n in Nap-

Batteries Play
Ideal for Picnics
Also many

Fritz Ele

See tbe~w


it Anywhere
Beach Parties
other fine

ctric Co.

The Ballerina

Winter Suit
'v J"

Snug bodice and full kirt.


THE SNUG bodice and full, cir-
cular skirt reminiscent of the
ballerina costume is all the go just
"ow fbr dreues and suits. This
ballerina suit has a form-fitt;ng
jacket with a cuffed hip line and
deep, self-banded collar and is
inred withl qnilted red satin. The
fIlly Hfaled skirt concentrates its A
gathers in t'front. It is an especaIlly
nice costume that beoriles evr-n
nicer \v'lhr-n worn nithl a PercLan
lamb tlkuil:ap and muff.

The aLu]ilai h ii 11i-t nia:- doll ha
1,'i-1 in.l-has:.d arnd a 't 11ini I.e(-
n .,:l.l Di-..4 4 ;r the L-; ,i FL H 'll. MN

in .a at the LLra-irn lioniurnti
'i -t a. i,_,. T h. .T h. i.l ii 1.
Oh hlr',la;, in .'rinu, te.n i..u,. n.
D[. F. Sl.llin t,.le-h atel I;

MI =. '. ... .i -V H.. ai. l i ,-.n.
II, tJ.' L .e M , .r-al -..pltai ., ,, '
Mr. arti Mi F. J. Ben,..i .,f
Mannat..:- pl.i t.: att-r nd the d.ic.i- ,
,:;iri '. inr .:.,,i.n:, at the E \ t e.l.l.l. : ,
Natii,,.,I P-a I S r- nia ..
Mr'. and Mr-. H. H. lco;ee ,'-re ,
'i,t; T ir-l v..!., ;t- i.,!-,aili; .I I.:

'aiin F i i-' L lini- .1nt -, iii A
thei"youi.. i and-. a St..-.itaSiat-

lh] iiil n1 11 ,,l] ,l.,, '- iLlt Mi -.
Bate-r ni:tlhei. l i, Mr i:lre-nce Brol:- i
El ANi
M r. a',!.I M -. \ P. nni, t.-.n ail,
youiiiu auli 01 EiLgladecA, Mr. and Starts

You don't have to be a Millionaire

To Live in Naples--

Many wealthy people live here and like it ,

But let us tell you how your modest investment will buy a
tropical homesite on splendid, all-weather roads, with ideal
drainage and elevation.
You'll pay the lowest taxes in the state.
Insure your future with one of these really fine homesites,
yours for only--

$60 and up, with generous terms

Write, telephone, wire or see:

Naples Real Estate Exchange

Box 552

Phone 119

Mrs. Lynn Williams and son of Mrs. Carl Thurner, spent tl1,
Fort Myers and 'Mr. and Mr-. Thanlkg:ring holidays in Naples.
Lundquist, Sr.; were the guest-of Fiit: is a senior at South-rn Urni-
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Lundquist v"t-i,.
Thanksgiving day. Pr,D. A. Singleton and Mr. R.
Mr. and Mrs. James DeVogt and C. G. Coleman of Tamrpa were holi-
famnily have moved from Naprle l lay' gresti at the home of Mr. and
to 306 South Jackson Street in FoiL I T. Ted VYtes.
jMyers; Mr. DeVogt will be as- Dr. arhi Mirs. Stuart Vandiviere
soeeited with Studebaker Sales. v an1d son were, dinner guest. at the
Mr. and Mrs. Gene Gandees v. ill home :.t' Mr. amI Mrs. Arnold Hay-
celebrate their 25th weddinil. an- ne"" last Saturday.
river'i.ry today. C A. Tuell .as in Everglades
O. L. Harris and sons are build- Monday on business.
;ngr a novelty shop next to the City Mr. and Mrs. Frank Cobb of
Service Station in Naaples. sCleaveland, Ohio ara arriving tuild\a
Mary Adele Prince was ioiw- for. anid ".il rin k their winter hine
the Thai,.k'ivins hofida~-. Mi.s in The Nailes Cbmpaany H.use N...
Prince is attending Stetsont Uni- '22'n Nlinth Street.
Mrs. Theoas Archer and son
have joined Mr. Archei in Nah!- LEE 0. DANIEL
ville, Tenm. where they will make
their home.
Billy Hixon spent the Thanksgiv- Special Agent
ing holidays with liw in.dthl]e, Mrs.
Ruth Hixoa, Billy is :tl.tei.lii the
Uniicret' at C;iievI:.le. NEW YORK LIFE
Mr. and Mrs. E. C. Gandees will
hold -.rpvi house at their new apart- tINSURANCE CO.
ment Sunday afternoon. Mr. Gan-
,dees has: recently completed'the
new addition which will be available 4 Bay View Court
for rental very soon. All their Fort Myers
friends are invited to stop in and e
look over the apartment. Tel. 122
FFitz Thurner, son :,f M A. anni
C -- 4

ON -

rni,., cv.0.,..

STIug .L tOI
Fort Myers


Mail Orders
Maikca Same Day as Received


.s Your Think About Christ~aas,
WlLZ' l A IL. ..*.

s iIver plate
Ms4vers it Yo hs
More fot Your SILVER Dollor

Tested and Approved Anti-Tar- 'i
nish STUDIO Chest included. 5'
only $3975 No"d d
Other services start at $34.75. >i
Or, start your service with a
5-piece Place Setting at $4.50.
larger sets also available.
*Trade-mark i
K l... .C '.. .... j." *..rka

L-M --aw: ;

610~f~i dw

In Fort Myers 1115 First Street


sl ls --I ~-- -,---c~-----~


. ~ -77. .777 --

THE COLLIER COUNTY NEWS, Friday, December 5, 1947 3

Town Council Expects Hot Meeting Tonight

As Validity of Tax Assessment Questioned
*. . '" '.. - *c--- '0 -- -- -* -*----------
Disturbed Naples taxpayers will that the tax assessor must be ap- New Town of Naples Budge
have their say tonight when the pointed annually. He declared that
Naples Town Council holds its re- the minutes of council meetings At the request on a number of subscribers who did nc
gular meeting at the town hall. fail to show that such an appoint- of the old Collier County News published at Evergla
One of the hottest and most ment was made this year and added presents below the budget adopted by the Town of Napl
widely attended meetings in sever- that failure to comply with the year begun on Oct. 1 last. The-budget was published
al years was forecast when Omah legal technicality cast doubts on law in the Sept. 25 and Oct. 2 issues of the old Collier
A. Clarke, chairman of the West the validity of the entire assess- GENERAL REVENUE FUND:
Collier County Property Owners ment. Operating and Imrprovements Accounts
Association served written notice Appointments Made Bi-Annually General Expenses, Administration
that he will attempt to have the At the town hall it was learned General Expense, Other Expense
entire new -town tax assessment that all appointments are custom- Street and Signal Lighting
thrown out as "illegal." arily made. every two years after Street Repairs and Improvement
In-a letter to the council, Clarke new town officials are elected and Police Department
asserted that Former Town Mana- that the council considers its ap- Fire Department
ger James C. Burrill, who made the pointments as binding for the en- Town Jail Maintenance
assessments this year with the as- tire two-year ternms.-Mrs. Rex Leh- Town Doces and Dock Houe
distance of D. W., McLeod, county man, town clerk, said that the city Sanitation and Health
tax assassor, was never legally attorney was being asked to pre- Advertising and Donations
appointed as tax assessor for the pare an opinion on the question for Town Hall Project
town. Clarke cited Section 8 of presentation tonight. Engineering Services
the city charter whichl provides Clarke, in his letter of protest, .Municipal Gulf Pier
also contended that the assessments Water Hydrant Renital
on his property were far in excess Contingency Fund Expendituzes
of those on other comparable pro-
George Graham parties. He became the eighth per- Floating Debt-Note Obligations .
son to tender written tax protests Interest on Loan
PLUMBING to the council. Canal Bond Sinking Fund
PLUMBING Other council business will in- Funded Debt Payments, Canal Bonds and Int.
clude an official request by a re- 'Total
Fixtures piesentative of the zoning commit-
Ixturestee for the council to define the eral and decided to wait until after ing the council's a
Sepfic Tanks committee's duties and powers. tonight's meeting before taking to the commiiittee'S
Will Wetzler, chairman of the further action, night.
Repair Parts zoning group, said that the com- Wetzler said that the recom-
e -, mnittee held a meeting last Mon- mendation of a special motel com- Lions Club I
day night but that the scheduled mittee asking certain revisions in
Phone 19 P. O. Box 7 election of new officers failed to zoning provisions for tourists- Talk by Edf
NAPLES-on-theGULF take place when members declined court-type accommodations were -
to accept his resignation. He said received by the zoning committee Naples Lions ,
the group discussed zoning in gen- and taken undei advisement pend- held their regular i

L~s LI~~, s1-8--I



SOne of the finest citrus groves and truck farms in the state.
Located i1 mile north of "Four corners" at Naples, on the Tamiami. Trail, .then
500 yards uest. You can see the white asbestos roofs of the buildings from the Trail.
Sun-ripened-on-the-tree, luscious, golden oranges and grapefruit are picked, packed
and shipped the same day by fast express to any part of the United States (except
California, Arizona and Texas. They won't let Florida fruit be shipped into their
states. The comparison probably makes their citizens too unhappy.)

Vegetables picked fresh daily. Open every day except Sunday

Bibb Lettuce
Sweet Potatoes
Green Beans

Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Smith, Mgrs.

Onions Cucumbers
Fresh Mint Squash
Parsley Green Peppers
Iceberg Lettuce Egg Plant
Beets New Zealand Spinach
Radishes Vegetable Marrow

Nursery Stock N
Located on Gordon Pass Road. Under supervision of the State of Florida, Depart-
ment of Agriculture. All plants inspected and sold with Florida state tags certifying
to this effect.
H. H. McGee, Manager

Cunninghamiana Pines (Small)
Melaleuca (CAJEPUT) Trees
(Large and Small)
Tropical Almond Trees
Orange Trees (Large and Small)
Kumquat (Small)
Century Plants
Cattley (Strawberry) Guava
Yucca (Spanish Ba) onet)
Cactus (Various lIpe.)
SCabbage Palms (Large) '

Coconut Palms (any iize)
Cocos Plumosa Palms
(Large and small)
Date Palms (Large)
Rubber trees (Various varieties)
Giant Bamboo
Brazilian Peppers (large)
Grapefruit Trees
(Large and Small)
Calamondin (Small)
Lime (Large and Small)
Royal Palms (Small)
Areca' Palms (Large)

it receive copies
ades, The News
es for the fiscal
as required by
County News.

$ 5,840.00

action in regard
s authority to-

Club members
meeting Tuseday

evening at the \omen's Club
building, heard Ly a t.lk by Editor
Stuart Rabb of The Collier County,
News, voted to send out Christina,
basket? for needy faiiiliLs. and de-
cided to hold a holiday season
ladies rni.ht program at the Wo-
iien'.- Club on Dec. 16.
Rat., v.ho %was introduced 1,y
Eddie Watson, program chairman,
said that Collier residents had a
great opportunity to .win friends
and influence speciee b nm a
*lit' r. 1,21. Evr-
a soOseel tron weekend.
4nd aiiie comminission for opening
Collier County to turkey and quail
hunting this season, pointing out
tliat both of the-e species w-?re near
extinction in w.ide areas follow\irg
the high water of late sumnioier.
Miss Rigby Pla.s Piano
Rev. Waldo, Farabee introdlic-d.
Miss Irmaa Rily prominenrr and
ilL ica ly-t. il,.-nte1 liigh c,!..-.i.,l
st.i.idelir. Mlis. R _l'.ay. a tue-,t of
the club, re pounded to requests
froii miemnber. and played a piano
el.etict ion.
The clul. voted. tu buy a $.1 tu-
'-r c~ul :.is ai.o nationn ':.nd and ap-
pl :e. billis for .$41' covering pur-
cha-s. of eye gla.-s for school
At a board of directors meeting'
aft.-r the r', ila -e.s:i,:n. Treasurer
N i,.,ari H..kn.:.n ir,:.:.-ted that the
L.i, '- sl .ikre of profits fr,,n the
preifi n.ivr-nce of the Fort MycI;
Little Thi-iter play in Niple,. last
inicni a1 uiO"Lilnted to $71. Li..ns
Pi.-,ident Jamiies G(si t p're i..lid at
.oth iiineeting ..

"They're some of my baby-

Alway the Best in
Family Groups

'MEN- '

Fine Food.

A Comfortable

Place to Eat It.

Good Company

'hat's What You'll Find

Y'ou Stop'in






The most generous
drinks in town -
Served -at the town's
Best-Stocked Bar

Greetings, Mr. President

The Commercial Fishermen of Naples, ,who
annually net an important part of the food for

the. South, Proudly salute their Chief Executive.

They pledge their continuing best efforts to
help feed the nation during the world food crisis.


Combs Fish Company



14115. ..

~dBllb111114rm~4 -p~--_,,-~, ~~IBBIL~--aC~a~JII


j t "yPI~edt tElitJdbtP~- -ft?




4 THE COLLIER COUNTY NEWS, Frdiay. December 5. 1947

The Collier County News
Published Every Friday at Naples, Florida, by By Ed Scott
The County
Phone 23, Naples Agent
Stuart Rabb, Editor Somne eight years ago, I was
SUBSCRIPTION RATES (Payable in Advance): operating the Deep Lake packing
house. packling Marsh Seedless
1 Yr. 6 Mo. 3 Mo. grapefruit grown at the groue. It
$250 $1.30 65ec was not a large packing plant: we
had to get in our supplies in rather
Single Copies, Five Cents Each small quantities. At this particu-
Entered as second class matter at the post office at Naples, Fla., Jar time., we were having consider-
under the act of March 3, 1879. able difficulty getting car strips
and had to depend on our good
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 5. 1947 friends down at Copeland, the Janes
Company and the Webb packing
house, for a division of their .tock.
WELCOME MR. PRESIDENT I had ith me, as foreman of
the packing house a man of uonsi-
Today every resident of Collier County-men, women and derale ingenuity, Frank Rickarid,
children-looks forward to the big day-the first visit to former house foreman for my
father's packing house in Arcadia.
Collier County by Harry Truman, the President of the United One day hpe said: "Ed, why don't
States. '.'.,* o i to the car strip busine, ?
It is a happy occasion, for it affords more than the opporttu- \Ve cotld, rig up a battery of hori-
S1zontal and transverse saws that
nity for offering hospitality to the President. Included among would take one of these small
our distinguished guests are many whose individual appear- scrub cynoress trees at one time and
ances here would be a signal honor. They will understand, of make it into a bundle of car ships."
course, that the heartfelt welcome extended to each is in no Vie I industry Opportunity .
course t the heartfel ,.t ide-a struck tile as a, por"i-
wise diminished by the fact that their visit coincides with L.ilit for a well founded siaIl.
that of the President. new busiiness in the county. There
Only the publicity surrounding Mr. Truman's appearance ate hundreds of thousar.Js of aces
of these trees in the county that,
overshadows them; they will find here a sincere appreciation apparently, ae good for little ex-
of their achievements and their contributions. cept dotting the landscape with a
In order to recognize these truly important people-to res- growth of rather unsightly appear-
cue them from the temporary obscurity that inevitably re- ance. Such a battery of saws as -
Frank outlined could easily le set it
suits from the long shadow cast by any occupant of the White up and powered by a tractor with C
House, The News would like to greet them individually. Most a power takeoff, and the outfit c
of them will be introduced from the speakers platform to- moved from place to place in the t'
morrow. But in case any should be overlooked, here are the fore.s't, trucking the finished pro- o
t r duct out to our vegetable packing y
individuals who have honored the County by their visit: houses within the county and the h
Julius Krug. Secretary of the Interior numerous packing houses vegetable d
Governor and Mrs. Millard Caldwell and fruit in the neighboring coun- tl
Elwyn Thomas, Chief Justice of the State Supreme Court ties. all of whom are now having t
difficulty in getting these-neces- J
State Comptroller C. M. Gay scary adjuncts to proper car load- c
State Superintendent Colin English ing. f
Agriculture Commissioner Nathan Mayo Many Possibilities w
State Treasurer Edward Larson F.'-ori time to time. since then, v
I have given a great deal of to
Elgin Bayless, Chairman of the Road Department thought to the many industries c
U. S. Senator Spessard Holland that could he begun in a small ;way a
U. S. Senator Claude Pepper with very little capital in the i
P county--- Alh.. -'t-
Rep.... t o
aniy an- a
Rep. George Smathers 6-6ZI:.rts-that i
Chairman Newton P. Drury of the National Park ~Serce "l id make execellent furniture. w
Scott D. Clarke, President of the State Senate out Mr. Terrellw months flago, I went l
Speaker Thomas D. Bea:-ely of the State House the heart of the Big Cypress coun- v
Former Rep. Pat Cannon try, there the Lee Tidewater Cy- f
John H. Baker, President of the National Atudubon press Company. under Mr. Ter-ell's u
direction is cutting" sone 40 nirl- t
Society. lions feet of cypress tunber each S
To these and each of these, together with Generals Howie year. While on this trip. ir. Ter-
and Hobbs, to Adm. Davidson and the distinguished mem- roell pointed out hundreds of fine rp
bers of all of the official parties, the people of Collier County hardn.v.od tree. l-ft -tanding for b:
vi ant of a ioarl:et. Aft.ir the cy- w.
voice a hearty welcome. pr- ioing is finished in the d
A very special bow is reserved for the wives who are ac- area, it would be too exrien.:,.i to
companying these notables, many of whom will be unable go back for the coir-arati'.elv,
to eat with their husbands at the Presidential luncheon be- "' 5 lumber of hardwoods; but. v
w while they are logg ing th- cylpt:s.
_cause the only dining room available is too small to accom- tlie hadwoos cold he easily and (
modate them. These gracious ladies, whose experience has inexpensively removed. Some in- t
equipped them with an understanding of such situations, genius.chap who could blue print i
will welcome-the opportunity to attend a fish fry where the a distinctive pattern of furniture
might.well establish a profitab-le d
emphasis is on food rather than the high brass. industry. And. vhile using the
To all, notables and just plain citizen visitors who will be native trees, it would be a small e
in Everglades to see "the big doins." the county extends its trick to plant out a few aer,:s of f
warmest handshake. Have a good time-and come again mahogany and cajeput, for examp- s
sle, which in ten years time would
soon! protuce a forest from whien the s
larger trees could be thinned aid, f
FEUDIN' AND A-FUSSIN' by small flantinrg-s each y-ear. rper- t
petuate the industry indefinitely. '
Most of the tax assessment troubles which the Naples Both mahogany and cajeput ha"e t
Town Council face tonight have been cause by a very large and ery age on suitable soil, graboutin
dose of public misinformation. Once the. facts are made one inch in diameter per year. 1
clear, most of them can be expected to dissipate and it is up Woods With Potentialities
to the members of the council to speak plainly at tonight's Along the coast. the buttonwood i
and the alligator apple abounds E
meeting. with a texture of wood all its own. -
Most of the dissatisfaction appears to stem from (1) the The Seminole Intwians have tvorked
overall amount of the assessments and (2) a belief that as- up a profitable business making
sessments are not equal as between property of the same all toy anoes from these woods
general type. they make beautiful displays. The
Both of these difficulties could have been cleared up if red and blarkmangrove hag quite
those who were dissatisfied with the amounts of their town a number of 1po-.-iiilities along
taxes had entered their protests when the council sat as a acid in thei bark is quitevathluable.
board of equalization during the summer. That was the The mangroe roots, intertwined
proper time for settlement of complaints and the council con- as in. their native habitat, can be
tends that official notice as required by the charter was giv- fashioned into numerous outdoor
decorations, such as a base for a
en-that is, that copies of the notice were posted at the town pot of native ferns, wicker chairs
hall, the post office and elsewhere. and the like. When the state took
Since then, some taxpayers have done a considerable over and established the Collier-
amount of research at the city -hall and a few appear to have Seminole State Park, I suggested
tI at a portion be reserved for some
some grounds of justification for their complaints of ihequal- of the Seirinoles. who could be en-
ities in assessments. As to the general amounts of the essess- courage to ply their trade and not
ments, of -course, it would not work an individual hardship inci.nsiderable art in the handi-
if the entire roll were equally high. The new assess- Sralat hinch he Fare qit Iadeptr
hardship if the entire roll were equally high. The new assess- There are irirnuterable small,
meant was voted on by the council in open meeting and with- local industrial post-lilities with-
out opposition. The only remedy for dissatisfaction for in the county that might, in time,
council policy is at the polls. If the voters don't like the way i duties that no doubt will
the councilmen run the city, they can always turn them out. soon invade this land of promise.
The unfortunate aspect of the tax fight is that it has be- At present, Collier county pos-
come clouded with personalities; there is too much fuedin', se .^es the last and only sizeable
fussin' and a-fightin' between individuals. This kind of tand of cypress timber in the Un-
strife is not going to help anyone-Naples least of all. The cattle industry is rapidly

* '.i- ;'-r- ~ Cr --s ~

-.--.;. I
. -- ---- .
-. C........; d

: -"': p- --" = .
.- -.
" ..,ib- -l ,

ed States. The Lee Tidewater
presss Company alone .ill be
cutting their timber for the next
twenty yeats at the present rate
f some forty million fet- per
ear. The Collier Company also
as large holdings of this rapidly
disappearing and valuable tinker
hat will furnish a sizeable indus-
ry for a great niany years. C. J.
ones Lumber Company is now
cutting pine timber at the rate of
rom 15 to 20 million feet a year.
'ith virgin pine still standing that
will keep them busy for many years
o come. The Jones Company re-
ently installed a cypress mill and
re also cutting cypress in rapidly
increasing quantities.
Pulp Mi Su vey
looking toward hne W ish.-
nent of a pulp rftill,\i tilizing the
waste from the present cy~iess
jogging camps plus an almost urr-
imited field of scrub cypcess,
which makes as good pulp as the
inest trees. The survey is still
iider %ay and suitable sites for
he iill are Ieing investigated.
;uc:h logging and maunfacturnilu
niduitry .vould open up many n-ew
ossililities within the county.
ringin_. in l orte people flior
which the other industries could
Iraw. '
Agriculture Expands
Agiicultui,, e peeiIally winter
vegetables, is rapidly expanding.
Neal-i, all of the 'oils of Collie,
County are mineral soils, rich in
he vital minerals, -uch as Calcium,
ron. iiinrianese, and many other
minerals so necessary for the pro-
luction of healthful \veetobles.
Through the cooperation of Fed-
rval and stale c>'n er.ationist', i:our
'ait.ers ha..e learned to applire.:iate
some of the values of their miner-
II soils anld are I.lanrung to con-
serve thli:e native resources inde-
initel:,. In days past, in many of
he aeiri.oltLiral sectiois, the far-
ier k.ne: little of the value of
hese minor elements anrd made 11i
effort. to con ,--tve tlhei Now, it
s too late. It is believed that Col-
ier County xill not make that
mistake and for niany hundreds :of
,ears these values will Ibe 11ian-
expanding and becoiiiing of real

importance. Approximately 300,-
000 acres have been fenced, and a
number of the cattle nien are plan-
ning to plant out improved grass-
es. such as the better carpet and
Berniudas. pangola, Bahia, Para
and others according to the charac-
ter of their individual soils. Mr.
Bob Roherts of Immokalee. has
planted about a thousand acres in
this county and a sizeable area in
neighboring Hendry. Others are
making similar plans as soon as
longer term leases can he arranged.
Cattlemen and farmers are well
equipped with up to date informa-
tion as regards the character and
classes of their soils, with one of
the latest and most modern soil sur-
veys produced by-the federal and
state government in any state. We
have 16.general classes with' sev.er--
al subdivisions' A.'.profile of the
first 48 inches-is o":display at their.
court house in Everglades. By-in-
specting these profiles, they can
quickly detennine what -class their
soil lies in and, with this infori'la-
tion they are ale to check the ta-
bulations formulated by- specto-
graphic analy-is of these sixteen
t:.pEs, together with the mechanical
composition, aloI i a irialle. and
utilize the intI.,nri ation gaiiined in
better soil pr.itatices and produic-
tion, thus eliminating a nuiier of
the hazards encountered in the ab-
sr.ene of this iinftmirll ti.in.
Rich Vegetable Production
South of the Big Cypre-.. L',',un-
try there are thousands of acies
of marl soils mixed with sand.
These are based on limestone rock
with conserves the nutrient ele-
nlents used. The vegetables gruxin
on these soils are not surpassed
anyvwh.h-re, and each vegetal-le pro-
iluced is a healthful morsel. rich
ii minor elenients that rra.e a
nan a mn. Slmele of t!he state and
federal agrorinilt .t' famliar with
these soils have freely, pre,-licted
that it is only a matter of time,
liefiore they v.ill he recnpnlzedi lor
their exceptional possiilhtiei Our'
I.w.'.n farmer; know this and are
laying th.ir foundation plans loik-
ing to the time when there will
doublless t.e an influx of oppoitu-
nity seeging aericulturists invad-
ing our virgin soils.

Copeland Says Popular Support to Decide

Whether He Will Run For Legislature

D. Graham Copeland, former
general manager for the Collier
Co portion returned to Everglades
Wednesday attei a vacation on the
Mhisi.siippi Gulf coast and an-
noiunced t,: friends that he will be
a candidate for representative in
the state leg;~latfure "if the people
of Colliel county really want me
to ri ,l'-eei t thet.."
Mi Copeland, w'ho has been a
iri-n.l.ci ot the Eveiglades Natim.j-
ai Palk Coniinission since it was
frimied, came back to Everglades
to a-'it in plan for the park de-
di'eato)ii Satuiria.v. Taiipned alid up-
patlitlyv in the best of healtii he
ali.. pie-iiled a? chairiian at the
Iboll l oft county conli ii'sioners
wIr-t;i in Everglades Wed ie.Ld-y.
He -aa;d. thlat he plans to discuss
the mnatter of belicoing a canadi-
date tf.r the legislature with hil
ft lenii' th 'ii.Iglcit thle cotnjlty.
T',:En asl.ed about hi- plans, he
said he was giving the matter-
thorough study andl consideration
hetoie inal;ing a decision.
"If I iain serve the people of the
Cluiit ini an. wa'y." he said. "I am
al.v". s ready to do my best. If
the people of the county want ime
as their iepceselitative, of course
I'l Lie d elghted to serve them.


0"But I do not intend to conduct
a campaign or to become involved
in any sort of a political contro-
versy. I am here to deteilnine
whether the people aie ready to
make a choiLe."
Many Collier county residents

Everglades Reptile Gardens
On The Trail at Bonita Springs
11 Miles North of Naples
You'll Never Forget or Regret Your Visit
2,000 Snakes, Alligators, Crocodiles, Animals and Birds-
All From Florida




Three miles no'Kof Naples
in Rosemary Heights.
Offering 24-hour service for
and other sandwiches
Cold Drinks

Drive Out Anytime We're Readyl

Operated by two former GI's
who believe in SERVICE

,/ ,

Order. Your Christmas
Holiday Foods Now-

have urged Mr. Copeland to be-
omine a candidate. both orally and
by letter. They have pointed out
that his character and abilities
are respected thii.ughout the state
and especially among legislators
and state officials. Since his re-
tilement as general manager foi
the Collier interests, they add, he
has sufficient time at his disposal
to give to legislative duties at



B) Clyde Riddle Crumpler
One nIoining in tie fall of 1922
Mi. Frank Tichnor of Fort Myers
accompanied lie to the office of
the Deep Lake Coimpany to inter-
view 1iI. C. M. Colliei in regard to
a position at Everglades. Since
few young women were willing to
live in such an out of the way place,
I was immediately hired. I had
previously taught school on Pine
Island and at thle time I sought a
position in Everglades I was em-
ployed at the Tropical News in
Fort Myers and W.as writing col-
umns for the Tampa Tribunce.
Several days later I was on a
bus to Naples, and troII Naples I
emlbarkeli on the small boat which
called mail and passenger; to the
toirIn, o rather village. of Ever-
glades. I remember that trip as
cori of the nost beautiful I have
ever taken, and I could see at oinc
why Barion Collier visualized a
gi eat future for tlie area and' thi
le~eli.prient of Everg lades into
what is today one of the io-'t
hleautiiul little towns in the -tate.
On imy arrival at Everglades I
le.,rne'l that MAl.. Lewis Thorpe
w;as resigning as teri ler ct tlihe
little one roonii schoIl and I Tili-
iediimatly was assigned to take
'over her duties ot te:achiing fion
the first though the eighth grade.
).,w coincidence, there-
^^^^^^-- ^^^jBsihT'-'

county 'cantI xistanctl
a session of the state legislature
in 1923.
The nilonltihS i JOv.ilig Illy arIIal
at Everglades were hbusy and ex-
citing ones tor me. Nut only did
1 i I 'I as teacher, Lbt I \orkled
il tile ottiee Ijetlore the Opeirlrin
or thi-e chooi land attr i Ihourl .
\\ liern I l riven l in E ergladei,
bik; dippe r d'redge.s Were ai lli.t''ed
in tile river lead, to ilial;e ,tli
gi.ile tl r the iailn'oad tu Deep
L.tkle. here wete troilI four to
l. nun.J led ij.hii on tihe pa., Iull,
lr- tile e' Ltioi V'.: l.eiig lial tl
.inrid lI ]lt ui) lot hat i-, today Oiie
uI ti'" :latee t monit productive and
talble icountiei.
\\ ile \%or,.ing at Evei llades 1I
ilai.ie numerous 'rips to and. ii.,ii
1'-It ilAlrs'. lhe iitil boat Imaol
a lt,'Itiit e trip, to l 'dple arid l.ax-
,li.ii., l, oh lower tlalco tliai.ld, and
i IIhl t'aple 1 ,ir:i.l the hiut to 1-irt
lmders. It \VJ ilh t LtILH ilJ I t.O See
a uoe and tawn iia.ll i at.ro's tlihe
rona as the I..us- traveled toward
Fuort l..;i, i, and oil one occ ad:Ol
it V.I: ii.ltel ,. rig rll c -;, l.,eaI
lie: ui el' Iliim ie iiig do.n' tihe
.-(1 aIa.. A.inl rvaa\wa,' it 'A;., 10i
the 'Tiail Blaztra had coliplett:
o:ni. a partt ot i.hat was later to
Iheconie the Tanianid Trail.
Within a few month after I
*:aie to Everglades a right of way
foi a little lailioad had been laid
to Deep Lake and a small, open
hand-opeiated car put into) oper'a-
tion. It \%was on thlis car that I
linde several trips to Dee-p Lake
In tlie company, of D. jid Mrs.
King of New York City. Dr. King.
wiho was Mr. Collier's Nev. York
phlisiciun, w\a vacationing at Ev-
eiglades at the Rod andl Gin Cluh.
He v.as writing a book on Florida
wildlife and spent a great deal of
time at the lake. llnles, one has
Made the trip fronm Everglades to
Deep Lake in the early days, it is
almost impossible to fully appre-
clate the wealth and beauty of the
wildlife in the cypress heads which
one could observe as the flat car
roiled slowly along. Hundreds of
birds flew up from the tall cypress.
At tie lake one would see snakes
here and there on the water, and
turtles bobbing up and down. Oc-
casionally one would see an alli-
gator sunning itself on the bank.
This was the country ,ily father
had tried to describe after hunting

G. M. Phillips
Barber Shop
On The Trail

THE COLLIER COUNTY NEWS, Friday, December 5, 1947

trips into the deep Glade country.
I realized words were inadequate
to describe the beauty. To me, this
country seemed reason enough for
the belief of the Indians in their
Happy Hunting Ground, for what
more of heaven could one want?
When I lived at Everglades there
were only a few families settled on
the banks of Indian River (later
re-named Barron's River in honor
of Mr. Collier.) Among them
were Captain George Storter
and Mr. and Mrs. Sam Thompson
and family. Captain Storter
farmed and traded with the Sein-
inole Indians, and Mr. Thompson
was a guide for hunting parties.
Even then Indians came in and
camped on the banks of the river
and it was no rarity to have veni-
son served at the hotel in Ever-
My stay in Collier County was
so pleasant that I will always re-
niember it.

Athletic Group
Gives Fish Fry

- The Athletic Association gave a
fish fry at the Everglades school
house Tuesday night, with an added
attraction of three basket ball
games. The boy's basket ball tcamn
played the town men's team. los-
ing to them 28 to 34. Another ex-
citing game was played between
tnro of the school girl's teams, and
nixed girls' and bovs' teams from
the seventh, eight and ninth grades

played during the intermission. A
total of about $66 was cleared,
and this money will be applied on
the price of the basket ball court
lights, which were recently pur-
chased at a cost of $505. With
contributions already made b.\ the
1946 .senior class of $200. thie Lio,,'s
Club of $100. the Board of Pul.ic
Insitriuction of $100 and the PTA
of $50, the expense of installing
adequate lighting for the court
has been met. but the public re-
sponse to the fish fry and the re-
quest for more entertainments in
the future, will probably result
in another fish fly soon. In addi-
tion to expressing appieciation to
the above organizations for their
generosity, the Athletic A-socia-
tion offers sincere thanks to all
individuals and organizations \uiho
contiihuted their services or dona-
tions for the benefit of tihe fi-li

Serving Everglades


Package Store
O ner

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Across from the Post Office

Naples, Florida

Christmas Gifts for Men

Naples Theater
Features Start 6, 7:15, 9 P.M.

Features At
6, 7:40, 9:20 P.M.

S JULES LEVEY presents

t-NEW w

produced by JULES IEVEY
Directed by

Features At
6, 8:15. 10:30 P.M.
3 Big Days



Announces the c

of its new's


- Ills

6 THE COLLIER COUNTY NEW\S, Frdiay. December 3, 1947

Park Dedication Culminates Fight

To Preserve Wilderness Area

The Evteilai,:,ie Ntico-ral FP.l: ii:
the tv.eCit,-,-i; l th andi lotiln,'iii: ,
the I r-' at.: t tpa i. k ii tIle -III i cLe
nr tion al lpiti l :,lti E into v..i-'.h it
i.rte'ied l on Jui e '21) thi_ e:,, .r u-
ii ,:'oni re.iic naul auti.tli t e:,--i-
c't.:ed I.; Secr-ttli wt tl-" Invi rvi
Juli.si A. Kt i.i It dfi-j rI.tmnii t.)
I.r~it m e one rl the fillet [li.!i lniO t
)cnt 1 ;uti, i uI ..lic i ;- .. Of
this -tnte anjd an o:,iit,-tlrlii 11- I i.: -
ti l..utio:in l- ii as Fl-.i ijin ;,, to
thi- p-aO:i. of the Unitred Stat,-.
At tlie -.ia te t ne it \.ll ridi -.-t tlc..
],i-'t Va lhi:.ile e,.,ni one I c ,.'..~r i i'.u-
t [... -- t ;nd `l .-':-ay thie ,,:.: t .all-
alle- to ou. -tat,-'! pr...pi) nt:, -of
i ll- pi .it l.;i o Ne,. Ieii il .zet.
It i- in til.- toie riont 1,f thie ipa, c
that ha icicl n i -t t .:.- Flori-.l a in it-
iecrent year- of e- rn-iion amn I .0-
ire.c s; it will rale a gt M.ina,: 'r Ji--
th)n tc.c that ir ,-iress y.ear I. eat.
I sio.il.A l il:e- to outrline l,i, fi,
the E : g'i'le, Natio:ial P-,rk'-
lsttul;, ; iliiscHii: witlih ;, l the '"ar-'-a
i ,' .ii l,,te" in N -i h Iifi .' -
l',ie,'[ and pjl litirai htt _,e-t; |ae
(ditoited the facts; tell iy o -I,-f
onc of the value ali-ea.i, attiinriil
and view it- potential economilciici.:
worth tio the state aiid its pciiroi'he
for the future. I -'ant you to -f:-
v hat a liarigain we have on ouri
Coe Starts Ball Rolling
Nearly 20 ;'cai agio. Ern.--t F.
C,,e, an out-tandiig aind ta lei-ct .
landJcdape architect, lately arrVtL-d
in Florida from New Enelan.d to
make hi:s Ico-rie, conc-eived the idea
of liiiaLir.g ito a National Park: the
practicall: ulicihabiti-d ar-i.i i. -ned
area whiich iis -cii'-tiihe- referred
to a:- the Lowv.,er Glarle-. and ('ape:
Sable regions of Florida. In re-
sponse to M-r. Coe's petition, Con-
gress. in Maar-h of 1929. authorizedI1
the Secietary ot the Interior to

inictitate and rei-:p:t on the ad-.-i-
al.ilitv ian% d p ai :trical.,ility of -stati-
liiling a Naitii-iIl PAI k ill tih
E ci-gelr(le -. regci..i tn tlh tie ,cs ilt
that t thel- SIec retanity, Rn;'
L:;, anWiiL.br, caiiie to Floiii.la to
:li'ey; tlihe acra.
He I Ilc .id tic t thi e irei,'li pO'-
.esjedl riiticnal pa.i:k taiilar.id that
tihi- ino-Ut iuniiui.al iectili ot gleatli
.awgpras piaihies and of ifnah
v. att sv.ay._ IK e_, Lcays. and -mh, or-s,.
ot i-nily h-adhes and impenItrable
forest-.:,f w-a r.t.i i and Iihiai
t .ind ', of raie at-d bIct utiful hai.lI-
',icood trL'- E ci.: a- the hiellaLcU ,
tlie mali' .in: ironr- v.iool. I lip, ii n
'itae, cypre:. iAu. trali.n! pii;ne--
andl rany othl-i-d o:I vidlifc --., c
as Iears, otter., deer and .con'l; Iof

L ,A

I r



Welcomes President Truman to
Southwest Florida - --

And congratulates the Everglades Park Commission and
the People of Florida on their gift to the Nation of Am-
erica's largest National Park.

Phone 32 or 534

It's Priceless

to have complete confidence
in your tires .

So ..


General Tires


General Tire Co.

Main & Broadway .. Fort Myers
Phone 218



mine it ife l:e thip n:rijiatee (-I
cr1 1 ri.-., the rlli. -atoi. tile ct l ,,-eiiil
,l ir liti e tIc- i .a,-hII all i.the v..a;, t:,
thle A- iierp:,-ii eal .- irl tile Ille.- ot
" i.' it f 'i va iel -, l lt I I-eai t. e t .
ial:l.i eXi r lt no- I h-,e else ci ea th;
-1 i cllieti- n or,'lii d soie iiii-'
ultr. Othi. vith-n, tc ilil na- lon-i, as-
eat-iit tfft, I-f tee -nails aiII .: f
ui.it aile di, nc AIi 1-d petiitti atcir hii-g
toai r aid nIIi;--tc i i -- -L ifi.i nTCe-
IlIlat thlIs area ihOuil..l e lov leveI
Il,-.ite '. ed at at ii:tiOi nil _ho ,' plua :
arl po:, e:io .
Progress Slow But st-eady
Their e-: .il1 ,.-,s 15 I :,e:n il o, i lo- ,
Siimtii l'ctin -, liriltili Iult al S' a-.:
-t.al, pi,,oee.. The Coin-te- of
thei- United Stat., a->lote-l nOtic--
ar, '.'. as the ii-ed ar ':e. T n
-e -it'li o(jf lu i state ic:l-.'i' atute
and five covei ni..,r c.nlltrii iite.l tt:
it- ad arnct ini-et.
Iin tlhe tioLincg i',ek- of the t.I iin
,..f ltc'ei'iic Spice-aid L. Hoiliudl
the 1 ie i it '.'.'tit I- U i'.- i -..: (;e ....i t-
ior I M illa.Id F. Ialilv. -ll. randi thi
tic S,-L et-,,",', ot thl ihitelio '. H ,v'.:,ld
L. I.:;l:. in Taldlais ee. They ve-
i _. 1 t e o t tlll _- 0 ol the Iarl; id
,i'il;E: .i tain cag r5cmnriits, cine of
.l ni u '-I l I r t Aiiiiiiri n o'.'e
ih" thi : tate I I.:,' the t -leral jail. ic-
p.i tinient of api)ro-:.:iiiatelc Si.)i,i'...l
;it i es -:f state-.'-. nEd land itlin
tli- area. Thi t iet :!lppI ic i,.,t lyl
4011,110:10 53:0-f 0. o, p r v-Lel i-t. 1,1
Iadico- tr, le acq uiredl. to i:oiplete
the Idao k',5 iii iic,,i a t.oillial :, .
Thtr, in et-ct, l.wal the c itujAtio
wlici-i in April ot l: .4 G,:,ct ,_lici
L'alweli deactivated the Ev. ei la.le-
Nantinal Park Coiicici llon by, ap-
Il. ncilti 5g "25 ielule'- aid a- iiiann:l.'-
i ,It dji .iit: L andiil chiaitedj it ..: th
re-l-o1,id:,il ty I rI*,:, i In, in IHlie
,a k Ii't' b.111g "TIh,- ,CO nfmlisi-,ll
- aiii oftit.jal state d c ,i estah-
hli.hihd L.y the lefgiLti.iure in lt2i,.
It.s leinllI.erNli)p comlles firo:li all
parts f the state; we ha-e enii-
l.ers in Pensacola, in Key West,
in thle middle ut the j c

That we ,-.6cV acquiree these pri-
vately-held lands in four ways-
By donation, by trade for other
state-owned lands out cide the aica
on a value for value basis. by put-
clhase o by iLondeinaltion.
Al-o, that %%e had ant apprulpin-
tion ol ,$12,500 a year v. itli .liti
to function.
That in tile year-, thie c:iurse of
progress had taken the park's ad-









Bank of Everglades

'Service" Our Motto


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Boxes at Reasonable
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Federal Deposit Insurance Corp.


On coa lovers Welcome,

De i r. Mr. President
Odes in 40 minutes
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Christmas Suggestion:

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Phone 103-R '






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~- -- --

I -1


oc ;te ihlowi, ii acni ]ii-. tan ent., 'W ill Pile ton has attended ever ,
,nd detoui s, so that ve ne led a I iceetiig of the c(',iiiilission and :of
onriplete iecapl; tii tion. its co,,niitrtc., has iciade innl'ii tcr-
Lan~er Needed able tips tlno:,Ciulluit the .tate aid
A : to the -latre,. -irv.- felt tl'hat a to a:ltig t.-n andi i-. Yoli; onil
a',yet ,.as- l.i- -t et.iiippc.i t. prer- the u -,f niiisic.n5' iil.-iice' and at
111n1 tihe i_. : a -it pl.,.-: elno elj-iise t-he 'tate. TIhicce
zi-n the iiicr l ot .aar.-1 'i --sit-
'dJ ,ice 'i:,, the C-.i ds-,r1.'.. I al inieoil-.eits of tlw.t Comnmisiiri]s i ]ho
tI' e il e that tlii, is tihe h1 rt1eL t Co-t :Ild at'i-:i J t1 o 0,h L.-,. too. h.i. e
:, l.iilIc l.d'i:. if tetneI t tiii .:-s that e'i .eIJ V. itihoI t cost to the ta'pa -
Irjes nit in:ri ul Je a lIna; :,c i n its e-n. i i treel'- ,f thl-,;r tiie,
oi-]l:.c- ii[|.. .At ti ee g 1-.' .i'-r.' their mi.rlie, e iiid tlier talent-'_ I:th-
,.i- l etil Ic 1'.'e set al-ou- t rii.tiricr cg oi lich.i,-e ct (L ,ip'eii'ati-:il. tii'U
ht e h'- '.-ict of a :0iipLte nt alitti.- 1 ,5ii arnliii ap.i p i pritii .i n Lwas
icy S as J iii : ei '. e i' t fl l Ii :ai' ii iit, i t-. -ei-..r r ,-nt, the
.%i,,e itJle i-plied ag rie-. .-a'ly s'l r:., the riian-tfiiig
This c1ct. l.iutinii i : nai.ie I.:, dll .tt..r, thle t 'h iai':, of hi ; h i e re-
ihn Fl.i i.la Po -wei narn Ligjit cl,,c- ta y,'. anl tie :ni.ii, rf the a l.tiac-
;,ic vhlchi n v-_ig ei.l Mr. \i ill M. tior enili..:,-e.l to le,.l up to date
Preitoi, to, our se rvi.e. I io not tle freiciOds of tie oftice.
.:1-i-w of a i-l:ii in the .tat.- '-.vlo Our -t': iion:I ary his ihee,&i given
was bettt-i eliiUipplel l I.', ciai ai.te us ari nearly all of oi i,_ ,rintiing
ier..nalit:, )pul.ile int- e t.e anci llas iee dlo e at 1Ino i-st ti lih
:'. erlnil resoti!rcifulnes- to accLiili- state. S-'i:hi pr.ltni:ltii i a w. e have
piiLh the t :i k ouL t fcr liii. itC' .ntinui..l On Page T7



(Continued From Page 6)
found necessary has been privately
First Effort Fails
Our first property-acquisition ef-
fort consisted of two letters to the
private landowners, one from the
commission and the second from
the Governor asking for donations
of land.
The response was a complete
Next we asked the landowners
to fix a value on their land so that
we inii-ht negotiate for exchanges
with state-owned lands outside the
The response here was unimpres-
sive. In a few instances we were
offered trades thet put a most
fantastic valuation on the lands in
the Eveiglades fa.tnesses.
We had no money for purchazirng
directly or through condemnation.
and it became quickly evident that
we would have to condemn in most
instances. We had arrived at an
over-:ll value for the needed land
of approximately $2,00.:,000 from
numerous test appraisals. For in-
stance, we found that on the tax
books of Dade and Monroe coun-
ties. in which the paik is located,
3nt6,122 acies of privately-held
and needed lands wv.re assessred at
$1 an acre. An additional 24,000
acres were listed at ."2 an acre and
the remaining 10,000 at from $4
to $15, or a total valuation of le-ss
than .$500),000. As you know, real

estate in Florida is presumed to be
appraised at 100 per cent of value.
As a further contribution we
had an offer-a first offer-from
the largest owner of land in the
area of some 170,000 acres for $5
an acre with $1 more for the min-
eral rights.
Then we had an apraisal from the
U. S. Soil Conservation Service
based on the surface use value of
the lands which indicated approxi-
mately 212,0)0 acres to be worth
75c; 18,000 to be worth $75, and
the remainder $5 or less. or nearly
$2,000,000 total.
Two Million Dollar Goal Set
Applying these and other figures
to the appraisal factors, such as ac-
cessibility, salt water infiltration
and such, we concluded that two-
millions of dollars woulrl do the
job and set out to get that amount.
We could raise this sum in two
ways; by popular sulcription or
by legislative appropriation. There
were several money raising organi-
zations ready to do that job for us.
hut invariably it resolved itself in-
to a ccnmmisiion-paying proposition
and we couldn't figure how the job
could be done for lesi than 10 per
cent or $200.000 which would leave
us. assuinig that the campaign
would succeed, with $200,000 less
than we figured we needed.
In the meantime, our activities
had resulted in some unfortunate
developments. For instance, the
good will and promotion which we

Paid Advertisement

0Mb iD~iaaian

A STUDY have we frr.ni Hiii, that lie who
Mart. 24-44, 45 ard 46 lo.veth God love 1-i lilother also.
_"Therefore be ye also ready; for WED: But the wisdom- that is
in suih an hour as ye think not from above is first pure. then
the Son of mlan coreth. peaceable, gentle and easy to be
Who then is a faithful and \wie entreated, full of mercy and good
servant, whom his lord hath made fruit of righteounriess is .own
ruler over his household, to give in peace of them that make
thiim nieat in due season? peace.
Blessed is that servant, whom THUR: Now the end of the comn-
his loid when he cometh shall find iiandrient is charity out of a
so doing." pure heart and of a good con-
NOTES science and of faith unfeigned.
Jesus spoke these words in a FRI: See then that ye walk cir-
simple straightforward manner. It cumspectly, not as fools but as
is hard indeed to believe all t wise men, redeeming the me
various themes with which His .
* i jl:pmr L-, .i' uA. S-AT: Repent ye therefore, and t
Stressed. For example, in spite of be converted, that your sin may
the proceeding paragraphs, which be blotted out, when the time
raise no question but that of the of refreshing shall come from
time He might come, an aura of the presence of the Lord.
deep mystery has been shed over Question Box
the meaning intended. Read care- In the place of questions this
fully, and see if you call find any week I aim going to put in a plea.
master other than the hour in Friends, let us consider these con-
which the invasion of this home editions seriously and determine to
was intended. treat them with the logic and ele-
..But know this, that if the good ments of common sense with which
man of the house had known in we treat the meaning of words used
what watch the thief would come, in our everyday life.
he would have watched and would I refer to tire penchant of the
not have suffered his house to be student of scripture for declaring
broken up." that words which we have used
That ie will come i,.iut le grant- many years, with clearly estab-
ed. That in certain instances such lished meaning-., have when applied
as mentioned in verses 40 and 41, to the scriptures a different mean-
one %will be taken and tihe other ing entirely, as though those vho
left. There is no intimation that translated our bibles used a sep-
the taking will be in secret, or that rate dictionary having meanings
those who remain shall be in ig- entirely unlike those in cornmmon
norl'nce. usage.
At least it doesn't appear that Perhaps you regard this plea
they will remain long. as out of order. Perhaps you al-
To condense Rev. 14. 14 to 20, r, ady understand the biblical
into a ]brief statement "....One izienilig of the-.e woi.rd so nieedj
like unto tile Son of inan .thrust not irake any change in then ap-
in his sickle on the earth, and the plication.
earth w ak reaped." This being Or maybe I -hould state clearly\
the harvest of one like unto the that the stanilators of writing
Son ot inan. from one lariguage into another
Another angel came out of thie first se.irch out the rneqninfs in
temp le which is in, heaven. he also the given text. The etymology of
having a shaitp ;i.-lle. thiust in the woltds is 5tiioied. s haile- Of
his icl1-. .and pathi:e.- ,-l thie \ine meaning due to dleciiL si.:n. con-
of the earth and ca-t it into the ji-ipation or 0comiarn113.ns are co:n-
geat winepress of the wrath of -idered and if a vord is found hav-
Goi, ing a unique meaning every effort
l.viItI slV the lattcir ha.rv:t was i.. nadle to preserve that meaning.
not a harvest-of the -word as the Theni, when the thought is oiii-
la-t rerse attests. plete. words most nearly expre-.ine
Having completed the-se t\tr har- that thought are found anlI eav-n
V test t ihe remain l no limvil i -ouLl the proper relative mn .,- anrd teni e
on the eamth. As 1.) tile fitlhful to eypre:s. in the truest po:.ss ii.le
servant, in iim is per-onitied the manner the thought Lexpressed ii
p:iasor 'r niiriiis tr ]hou has charge the original script.
ovei the hou:e of GdI even as To say that a text v.wuld be more
Peter uas told to feeded mnv sheep." clear if certain words were sub-
Nut alone ithll tie -spel i..f love -tltuted is inot nei-:sar ly trie.
and sacrifice but also with a warn- Often confusion arises, mianv ex-
ing against deadly pitfalls, indif- samples there are where the new
ference. unbelief. traniilations do not agree with
May there Ibe many honest souls either the King James or Amieican
fotniiii so doing when the LMaster Revised version. For instance
comes. there ale many definition of death,
Bible Thoughts For The Week perdfition, forever, iinmiortal, soul,
oRnto Pk ooPaa Pc spirit and so on.
Sui: Therefore thou art inexcuse- If you want some first hand in-
alle, O Man. who-oever thou art foiiation on these subjects, go
that judges, for wherein thou to any good modern unabridged
judcest another, thou condem- dictionary and look up the mean-
nest thyself; for thou that judg- ings of these words and apply those
est doest the same things. meanings where the words are met
MON: There is no fear in love; with in scripture and you will be
but per fect love casteth out fi'ar; surprised how clear certain befog-
because fear hath torment. He ged passages become.
that fearth is not made perfect Let us apply the same common
in love. sense principle to our bible study
TUE: And this commandment that we do to our everyday living.
Paid Advertisement

had engendered had brought land THE COLLIER COUNTY NEWS, Friday, December 5, 1947 7
pirates into the field. The number








if private owners of lands in the
area rose from 157 to 217 within a
few months. Most of these new
people were being bamboozled. In
one instance an elderly couple from
New England paid $3,440 for nine
ots upon which they were told they
could build their Florida home and
ive their declining years in a lush
tropical paradise surrounded by
the fine public park. They came
:o the Everglades National Park
Commission's office and asked us
to locate their land for them. We
found it was in an inaccessible area,
probably not worth 90 cents an acre.
Poachers Extend Depredations
Also we found that the poachers"
were extending their depredation-
taking the wildlife and birds almost
to the point of extinction, destroy-
ng the foliage and stealing the
rare orchids by the truckload for
sale for a pittance on the streets
of our larger cities.
Quick action was called for. We
decided that this could be had by
placing a blanket condemnation
proceeding on the whole needed
area. As most of you know, you
:annot proceed in condemnation in
Florida without having the money
jin hand to pay the verdict when
the july returns it. Also, the pro-
cess in the state courts is time-con-
suming because such suits are sub-
ject to all the lules of appeal and
retrial before the land may be
This involved more delay and our
requirement were for iiinmediate
and conclusive action to stop the
land pirates and souless specula-
tors in their tracks, to eirn the
poaching and the destirution
which was threatening an end to
this unique area which the hole.
state and the nation had been at-
tempting to preserve for 18 %'ears.
\\W found that we could take a
shot cut if we could go into the
federal courts lwhee condemnation
proceedings niay follow a course
that is known as a declaration of
taking. Imniediately upon the fil-
ing of that action, the government
takes possession of the land and
the negotiations over the rice. or
the condemnation trial, take place
The federal government, at our
solicitation, agreed to use its good
offices to do just that. In order
that it might proceed it as
state to pgst the fun
sales prices gruwg r nego-
tiations and verdicts. The sum was
set at $2,000,000.
This agreement was reached af-
ter negotiations between the mem-
bers of the Everglades National
Park Commission and Governor
Caldwell and members of his Cabi-
net, which were followed by nego-
tiations between the governor and
the National Park Service with our
congressional delegation in Wash-
ington led by Senator Holland as
Immediate Creation of Park
That agreement calls for a com-
plete National Park. There will
be no supplementary demands for
money, no continuing state appro-
priations. In accepting the Secre-
tary wrote: "I agree to create im-
mediately the Everglades National
Park on new minimum conditions,
namely (1) release of iiineral
rights in lease free lands within
new minimum area, (2) conveyance
of school lands, and, (3) supply of
two million dollars as stated."
The state has met these condi-
tions., reIerving to itself the right
to pal ticilpae in oil or mineral roy-
alties slioui.ild the federal govern-
ment develop any within the area
at any future time.
Evety .tep taken by our coil-
ii,;?:ion wi as gi en thle v.idest pub-
iicity. At the outset we decided
that since a S.ubstantial zum of

* I

I .

money would be involved, as well
as a large land area, there was
every prospect of public misunder-
standing of our efforts unless we
made every move in the open. The
commission included eight news-
papermen, or men with newspaper
experience, and you may be sure
that they saw to it that full ac-
counts of our progress were ad-
quately publicized.
Before we went to the legisla-
ture to ask for the $2,000,000 ap-
propriation we met twice with
Governor Caldwell and his Cabinet
in Tallahassee to obtain approval
of our course. J. Tom Watson,
the State's attorney general, ab-
sented himself from both meetings
although I know that he was in
Tallahassee and probably in the
Capitol building at the time. He
had personal knowledge of the
meetings and their purpose. Again,
when we appeared before the sever-
al committees of the State Senate
and House of Representatives to
ask approval of our appropriation
bill Tom Watson had knowledge of
the meeting and failed to put in an
appearance. The oil lease specula-
tors, however, were represented
and heard in opposition.
The appropriation and companion
bills were favorably reported and
passed unanimously by the Senate
and with six dissenting votes in
the House.
All this time Tom Watson had

Naples Beach

Bill Newton wishes you to


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Formerly at 1114 First St.




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From $600 up for the whole season


Naples Real Estate Exchange

After the Dedication

Stop for Refreshments at


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not offered one word of protest.
He was conspicuously absent from
the cabinet and committee meetings
at which he might have become in-
formed, and if, informed he was,
where he might have protested.
In fact, I am sure that the house
and the senate would have accorded
him a hearing on the floor, in view
of the high official position he holds
had he so requested.
Watson Speaks Out
In July of this year the Attorney
General, now an avowed candidate
for the governorship and fully
aware of the value of publicity in
achieving that ambition, appeared
(Continued On Page 8)

-d i
Y ~ L

Reliable ...



Phone 51 or 72


8 THE COLLIER COUNTY NEWS, Frdiay, December 5, 1947 c

(Continued From Page 7) recently made the biggest land
before the subcommittee of the contribution to the park to date,
public lands committee of the house the Royal Paint State Park: by the
of representatives in Washington State Council of Parent Teacher
to express his opposition to con- Associations, the Florida Federa-
cluding enabling legislation. tion of Garden Clubs, the civic
A member of the committee in- clubs generally; in fact and with-
terrupted him to ask whether he out exception, by every group or
had raised a voice in opposition organization in the state to the
while the matter was in official attention of which it has come.
channels in Florida. It has the endorsement, approval,
"I did not," he replied. "I should and the active support of Florida's
have. I have no explanation for congressional delegation in Wash-
negligence and can only admit it." ington, of state, county and cit.
When Watson speaks, whom officials, and ermployeeF. It has
does he represent? the all-out editorial approval of
Does he represent the two and every newspaper in the state, as
one half million people of Florida? you know.
Let's look at the record. Now who or what is there to
The establishment of this park stand in opposition to this united
has been an official and legal oh- front?
jecrive of the people of this state Four landowners appeared be-
since 1929. Watson has been at- fore the congressional committee
tosney general for seven years of in Washiigton, one of them non-
that time. resident. Of the remaining three,
It has been endorsed by our State one has withdrawn opposition,
Chamber of Commerce, by the local leaving only two owners who, i n>i-
chambers of commerce, by the dentally, are relatives and the bulk
Florida-Federation of Women's of whose holdings are outside the
Clubs, which, incidently, only park's boundaries.
While the hearing was in pro-
gress the coilllliittee received tele-
grams of protest fioni 24 others,
The Perfect and these were in response to an
inspired pressure campaign: so
Christmas Gift that the total recorded ,opposition
was from 29 persons, including our
To Send North! attorney general.
o Send No Eight were residents of Florida,
I, shown on the book- to i.e owners
TREE RIPENED of land in the park area. Two
others who are landowners had out
BORA N G ES of state addresses. The anames of
O RA N G Ethe other 19-Watron concludjd--
GRAPEFRUIT OR MIXED BASKET residing in Florida. Iowa, llinoi
and California do riot appear on
Picked, Packed, Shipped Same Day the tax ac(cesis I's books as land-
GoLdr,. Irr. ripened frut iom In Flnoris ',wn users in Dade or Monroe counties
IrOprL-- i3ILr'' b.;. incL1 7rh 11.9ra Jlc .
MuOa wlunr rou lu; rm prroi.ei" o6,.rd in the area eiibraced by the park.
sro -ni-nerni ola cmmerriaddEc No .rhmg Speaks From Isolation
--ro pollnn-on color ,dds. 'she ] ur.:1o.
rlden Ira t cme.: o c.d lIt r.it L picked So that, it is froi a position of
a ra- e r R.ut o0 t n i r.ro.r such splendid isolation that our
BucLcaneTer' Roolt -elaEs' Er-apItruit- fla nboyant Attorney Generral
the 0'orld', Drne tl- re LoaCo on o.rance
Etock lor ir eFLnt.. aid :upierr na..-r. Tre speaks when he undertake- to
'nary *sr ir **rin" od-. keep his state and his nation, and
1 BUSHEL $ EXPRESS of Florida. by whom he is employ-
(55to60 lbs.) 0 PREPAID ed and who pay his salary. flrol
Half bushel $3.50. Express prei getting at long last that which for
_AT11- dd ^i ? ooper _2 fig n EN S ITe' sPrI
a i buaor ddtl and unitedly to achieve.
nr---odertugeb.) Now let us consider another as-
--oney order today. You'll be
glad you did. Sory, no C O.D. pect of this picture; the oil lease
GRANTAEr TO ARRIVE IN PrFIII CONDITION speculator. There are two types-
All oranges-all grapefruil-or mixed. the citizen who can afford to take
(Please specify) a chance and buys and holds leases
BU CAN T in the hope of profit if oil is found,
BUCCANEERS' R T and-the promoter who sells and
resells such leases, using all bland-
Box 0, Naples, Florida ishLnents of insincerity and pro-
The southerrlma .t grove in Florida on the niie to extract money frco the
Gudf or Melco. 510 rr lr. rlo:rr to rne
quator Man Lot Anr-i.IE, c.iiiruia. pockets of the unwaly and the in-
aIT The real opposition, the basic and
the thinly concealed opposition,

Chlordane insecticide
without hurting your cr
For truck gardens, h
effective insect toxicant
Deadly to most common
ently gives kills of 95 to
Yet, when properly ap
does not injure even suc
as squash and melon
volatilizes completely i
May be used with stan
Chlordane is availab
mercial brands of in
Swettable powders, dusts
Ask your local dealer
Be sure the label states i
S substitute

a de


es get the bugs a8
ops. -
lere is the most
tyet developed.
pests, it consist- f,
plied, Chlordane i LE r'5
ch delicate crops
vines. Residue
n 2 or 3 weeks. A NT
idard fungicides. At
le in many com- AL '
secticides-in W 5 ,
,s and emulsions.
for them today ( 'IN5 4 U0
plainly "contains
ne". There are no W
es. W^ oIa
sur local dealer can- i A
yel supply you with
ctleides containing
ordane. write us CUCI BER-
ct for the name of L
ealer who can. 5 S

ve 9a&Ama HYMAN & aha"
Dept 96 Denver, Colorado
S Gentlemen. Please send me more
information aboul insect pest con-
trol wilh Chlordane as contained in your
free bulletins on:
i ) Truck Crop Insects ( ) Ants
Livestock Parasites ( ) Roaches

Street or R.F.D.......................................
City.............................. .State................

iomes from this unscrupulous lat- found within the publicly-owned We have examined more than 200
:er group, a pack of money-thirsty park area for the benefit of Flori- such cases from every state in the
nen who trade upon the gullibility daand the nation. It requires con- United States and many of them
of our citizens with promises of siderable distortion of the facts to from Florida. ,
large-scale earnings and rewards. make it appear that you, rather There was a fellow who attempt-
They toil not, neither do they than the speculator, are the real ed to stop the payment by the War
spin. They promise and collect, party at interest. Yet that is what Department of $50,000,000 in con-
frequently leaving privation in you are asked to believe, nection with the building of the
their wake. The law books are filled with Panama Canal. In that decision the
I ask you to observe the distinc- efforts, such as those confronting Supreme Court of the United States
tion between those who ruthlessly u, efforts by selfish men and in- said it was "amazed" at his tene-
speculate in oil leases and the legi- terests, by money-seeking men and rity.
timate operators who seek honestly by politically-inspired men, to Tampa had to fight for the right
to determine whether in truth, stand in the way of and to prevent to help develop 600 acres of low
there is oil under Florida in com- the coming into being of great saltwater flats and marshes into
n'ercial quantities. public projects. (Continued On Page 14)
Oil exploration- in Florida, the
official and complete records of Mlr.
Herman Gunter, the state geolo-
gist, show, have been under way Combs Retail Fish Market
since 1901.
In all of that time 183 drilling
for wells have been made in 54 of
the state's 67 counties, all the way
from Escambia to Monroe. The
deepest drilling by Gulf in the Big
Pine key area went down 15,455
feet. nearly three miles, and cost Ocean-Fresh Seafood Daily at
$1,6.00000. It was abandoned as
dr., this year. Gordon Bridge Naples
Of all the drilling that has been Gordon Bridge. Naples
done in Florida, no oil ever wi-as
taken except in the Sunniland Field Phone 1001 We Deliver
in the northern reaches of Collier
county, si ome 50 miles northwest
Of the nearest Everglades National
Park boundary.
A few test wells have been dri-
ven neat the Everglades Park
boundary, and two within the area G O I G
itself. but none has produced.
Loose' Talk, Wild Promises G O I G
It is upon that foundation of
gigahtitc expernmenti expendi-iire fA IL
and meaer results that the ruth- O N TH E T A
less lease speculator lays his loose
talk and his v.ild proniises which
are his stock iii trade.
You may have heard, too, that
this park project irjr tls the Stop for gas and oil at the Standard Station
-tate's oil rights. The session of
the state legislature which imade at the stoplight in Naples.
the t.o millions of dollars avail-
able also enacted a companion bill
and it is part of the opeinting Join our many other customers who appreciate
agreement with the federal govern-
mnEnt which provides that "in the the COMPLETE, RELIABLE SERVICE always
event oil, gas, phosphate or other
mineral, are ever produced from r a
said land, said trustees, shall re- yours a
cEive- the customary royalty there-
Doesn't that protect your rights?
Is there anything wrong a-bout ROYAL PALM SERVICE STATION
proseiving any oil that may be
.Four Corners
curtn P1T r A :L -AoAeeu--A

FOR ALEC: 0ou oeeda oconuts.
Make offer. C. A. Goins, Marco, |

II : .i



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P.O. Box 34

Phone 6304

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Land Clearing

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at reasonable rates new equipment
and experienced operators


Walker & Son

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Write: P.O. Box 34
Phone: 6304

rCI~- -'-- 0-


7e Semeiole

A Poem

(The late E. G. Wilkinson, who Lived a maid of rarest beauty
had a considerable part inathe de- Daughter of the dawn was she
velopment of South Florida and who Known from red hilled Talahassee
made his home at Naples was also To far off Immokalee.
a poet. When James W. Wilkin-
son of Los Angeles, Calif., trustee Came a youth from Withlacoochee
of the Wilkinson Estate, learned Sturdy as an oak was he
that a special issue was to be pub- Came one from Chattahoochee
lished- for the dedication of the Rugged as a great pine tree.
Everglades National Park, he gra-
ciously sent this hitherto unpub- One came clear from Fakahatchee
listed poem to The News for pub- Ariowy as the towering palm
location. All rights to further And a sor. of Okeechobee
publication are reserved.-The Edi- Silent as it- sea and calm.
by First came he of Withlacoochee
Edwards Gorham Wilkinson Wrenching up a cypress knee
(The late Judge Wilkinson of Hurls it kills a fish lawk sitting
Naples) On the tallest cypress tree.
In the land of Opahumkee '
Where the Ocklawaha flows Maiden with the cheeks of sunset
Where the gray moss beards the Maiden with the eyes of light
cypress Maiden graceful as the echu
And the dark magnolia grows. Maiden with the hair of night.

Miller's Gift Shop

Miller Building
A Gift from Millers
Is Sure to Please

Trail-Front Property

For unusual values in property on U. S. High-
way 41 just north of Naples city limits, investi-
gate this today.
Priced at $80 an acre, I will sell in tracts
of 20 acres.
Also 700 front front feet on Gordon's Drive.
approximately 20 acres, 300 feet from Beach and
adjoining Back Bay.
Five lots on Third Ave. two blocks west of
High School.


Come with me to Withlacoochee
There beneath the great oak trees
Where the song of birds is carried
With the humming of the bees. ,
We will wander on together
Through life's sunshine and its
You shall share my every pleasure
I will bear your every pain
Then the youth of Chattahoochee
D)ves in where -the river springs
Yank. a gator's jaw asunder
And at her feet the carcass flings.
Maiden of my dreams oh fairest
With the vice of singing birds "
With a breath as Ja~eaniine blos-
Love for you surpasses words.
Come. to far off Chattahoochee
Where aniong the pine~ we'll ramn
Where the corr and yellow pump-
Grow about my forest home.
I ill lead you by the river
Gather Jassamine flowers for you
Dry your tears and share youth
so ro:=ws
Love- you. all the long years
Then th- ,youth of Fal:ahlat:l.ee
'Runs a full grown eclu down% i
Brings it struggling to her Tepee
Startled, panting, fat and brown.
Maiden with the lips of sea shells
Maiden with the egret's grace
Eyes that match the startled echu'.
Fairest of the Red Skin Race.
Come with me to Fal:nahat.hee,
Whire the slender palm trees litt
Till the white clouds in the blue
Through their plumy branches di ift.
There we'll fea..t upon the black
Eat the pinawa's white breasts
You shall wear Flamingo's plumage
Ibis pink and'egret's crests.
Silent he of Oke0c16 l'ee "'
Gazed into the madden's eyes
Threw her lightly 'ore hi- shoulder
And as the wild. duck ioutl'..ard

D)ashrd he straight aciro- the.
Dashed away up 'oer the hill
With his rivals all a-trailing
Each one maddened for a kilU
Bursting bay heads, swiiiiiing
Traiipling al. ry, gaitors d,. rin
Kicking panther., juiiiping set-
pents "
To ihat's now Kissimmee town.
There he had his dugout waiting
And he placed her in the bow
In the long twelve hours of running
He had held.her until now.
Dashing madly through the wire
Came his rival; fur the prize
But he for'ges 'ore tie water ;
Spurred by love light in her eyes.
Down the reaches of the river
By the praries wide and green
'Till the great lake lies before theli

Fort Myers
One Day Only




600 PEOPLE- The Year's BetHoli-
150 PERFORMERS- day Is the advent Of
150 PERFORMERS-- King Bros. Circus.
250 WILD ANIMALS-- Miions" of People
revel In the Merri.
IN GREAT5CONTINENT ment and Wholesome
MENAGERIE- Fun of this Annual
Festive Frolic.
50 MUSICIANS- YoungandOldfrom
$500,000 IVESTED- Far and Near Join
Hands to Cel*brate

THE COLLIER COUNTY NEWS, Friday, December 5, 1947

And his island home is seen. All I am is wholly thine
I am 'happy that you've-chosen
Maiden as the tireless limpkin That I bear your mighty line.
Long my heart has called for you
We shall spend the years together NOTE:
Floating on these waters blue. Echu is deer; Pinawas is turkey.
All rights reserved by Edward
Oh my chief, my man, my glory Gorham Wilkinson Trust.

Make This Christmas Her Happiest!
^.^J8~_ pBsp

A Marvelous Valve... Rated "BEST
BUY ON THE MARKET" By Nationally
Known Research Organization!


NOW ONLY... 479 S
Now m .. TERMS

PLAN. A Small Deposit Will A Ysure Her
Having One THIS Christmosl

Home Owned and Operated by

Cecil Bennett
2140 Hendry St.
Phone 252

Phone 6304

P.O. Box 34

i' ;I


Mr. President...

And all visitors and

newcomers to this



Member AeodateDeoiur Insumwn e Conb...nM fiera l RsWa '

14 THE COLLIER COUNTY NEWS, Frdiay. December 5. 1947


(Continued From Page 8)
a great terminal, shipping, ware-
house and commercial area and a
shipping port which have added
thousands of dollars of taxable
values there while greatly enhanc-
ing this state's prosperity.
20 Million Added
The bill for this public improve-
ment was increased by $2,000,000
by the obstructionists. In other
words, the money they caused to
be wasted on that one project re-
presented the total you have paid
for the Everglades National Park.
In not one instance in vie.viin
all of these "thou shalt not" at-
tempts to thwart the public interest
have we found a decision against
the public good in a court of last
The ceaseless battle goes on.
Special interests are ever hopeful
that they can break one day
through the legal shield which pro-
tects the hopes and the aspirations
of the many from the machinations
of the few.

Let me tell you some of the
things this park already has done
for you.
Last year a member of the Park
Commission made a talk before the
Fort Lauderdale Rotary Club in
which he pulled together the loose
strings of 18 years of stop and go
progress in connection with the
coming into being of this Park.
There developed arl immediate and
unexpected demand, not only in
Flnrida, but throughout the United
States, for this information. As
a result there were printed within
a few months more than 75,000
copies of that talk. They have
been sent out, not as promotional
matter, but as information to sup-
ply this unexpected and wiilespiead
interest and demand.
Post Carries Story
In August the Saturday Evening
Post carried a story. illustrated
in colors, about this park. A read-
ership of 18,000,000 is claimed for
such a story.
The National Geographic Maga-

I Get the Habit of Shopping at









Easy Terms on Purchases $10 or More

BUY FROM OUR CATALOG-Over 10.000 Items

Club 41


Featuring Fun With Dave Duncan

his solovox and accordion

Monday, Wednesday and Friday

Chicken- inthe-Basket

r (

Cocktail Ba

Boca Grande Hotel

Boca Grande, Fla.

'`--~---- -,-r--

'Brick Fireprof Buildi

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Paradise in the Gulf
Brick Fireproof Building-
Golf, Tennis, Surf Bathing
Year-Round Fishing

Tariff American Plan
Beginning at $12 a Day Until Jan. 1;
$11 a Da), Jan. to April

zine is preparing a similar story.
The National Parks Association
publication has one in its current
issue. Inquiries have been made
by Holiday Magizine, the Interna-
tional Publication of Rotary has
an illustrated story on hand, the
Ford Magazine is preparing one.
Newspapers throughout Florida
have been under demand for photo-
graphs and we have had to send
photographers into the Park area
to make new ones to replenish our
depleted supplies and to meet the
growing nationwide demand.
Every news service has carried
major news and feature stories
about this park and the President
of the United States will attend its
official dedication tomorrow at
All of us in Florida are advertis-
ing conscious. We expended last
year through our Citrus Commis-
sion more than $2,1000,000 for di-
rect.promotion. Through the state
al.vertiking commission we spent
an additional half million. I think
that you will agree with me that
these sums were well spent. And
yet they failed to achieve, by di-
rect purchase, even a fraction of
the attention which the creation
of thi- Park has accomplished
Last fall the National Audubon
Society set up a station wagon
tour over what is called the Loop
Road for one day. The Loop Road
sort ot skirts the north boundary
of the Park but gives you an idea
of what is in it. That tour almost
imlmiediatel, was sold out until
Ma, 1.
Next the Society set up a two-
day tiip to Whitewater and Florida
Bass. They took you down there,
then ,.t in a ,ioat and :'ackki lhe
next day for $15 plus your meals
andj o:.iil o er'nitlt. Thuse tir;p-,
too, were sold out almost at once
for the -.eason to Mla: 1. Mr.
John H. Baker. President of the
Audul.on Society, was in Miami
ri-:entiy to lease airplanes to fly
over the area thli ,.intero in one
alin one half hour trips for $25 per
person in response to further de-
Last year, when there remained
a mioct severe post ar shortage of
autoniobiles, 22.,(0.0,000 tourists
visited our national parks and
monuments. This year that nuim-
her was exceeded in the first nine
1.000.000 Visitors Expected
With our park destined to be
the most popular of them all, and
wiith our preferred location close
to the center of concentrated popu-
lation, we estimate conservatively
that at least 1,i.100,00(u visitors will
be attracted yearly, which is less
than 5 per cent of last year's total.
That would be 333.330 more cars
than now come to Florida for na-
tional park visitors are, for the
most part, automobile tourists.
Each of these cats must traverse
the entire state to get here. It
isn't like Yellowstone, which lies
in three states-Wyoming. Idaho,
and Montana-froim each ot which
it may he approached.
The shorte.'t possible round trip
through Florida to Everglades
National Park exceeds 800 miles
and when a visitor comes in from
the west Florida area, as many of
them v.ill, he must travel at least
1,40,i) miles on his round trip.
Now thele figkires contemplate
a ride directly to the Park and re-
turn. They di, not allow for irop-
IverI trips to other point ot in-
teV'.et iii tie state Lnd inlt'o the park
itself. Yet,- the first million \vi-i-
tors, the Ilst year's total 1atel
this Park is under wa:,, v. ill o.A,
into tie Stale Treasury in gasiolin
taxes ali.ne ieaily one and thrc-e-
quartelr' milli'.,lil of dollars.
Ot1ihe exrlpci.itali- .t thlee po)to
pie raise the total ci:tntribution to
tle State's economy, and it will be
slp ii in aiy point in the state
to a conservative $-J0,000,000 wl.ic
is only *40 per person for a three-
day visit to include all ol their ex
ipeulttures tor lodging, food, re-
freshment, fruit, drug-, cousiitiez
( iil cigatlttes, tubacO, jev.1 elr
liijVeltiec, i Iotltiihg, prole-S 'onal .ani:
ouiiehaiical neivecL- and all tlr.,
thlng' that are neci;-:-ary to satis.
f. the deriin.ls of comnoit.
l\hat is the government doing.
to get this park open? As yoI
know, it has appointed Dan Beard
an outstanding naturalist with loii
experience in the park and w\ildlif-
fields, as supriutcindenlt. AlieadJ
he has a topnotch staff and the
parlis department is setting up the
inaiter plan for tei park's develop
This plain will be designed ti

PORTNEP.. dccc'ied.
Hamiig filed my lfnal report as
Executor of the said estate, I will,
on January 15th. 1948. apply to the
Hun .8. S Jolley. County Judge of
C,1lltr Coinlt Florida. for final
discharge as such Executor.

preserve the horticulture of the
area, its beautiful tropical foliage,
trees and towering plants; it will
restore the wilderness which is at
once the appeal and the charm of
the area, at the same time making
them accessible to you and our
visitors through land and water
trails. 0
Re-Establish Old Trails
The plan will reestablish the his-
torical trails through these acres
so that our people can explore them
as the Indians did and the pioneers
even in pre-Declaration of Indepen-
dence days so that they may feel
and be inspired by a consciousness
of the. pioneer history that has
been made there.
It is interesting to observe the
manner in which these park-
When Yellowstone came into be-
ing there were no roads leading in-
to it. The nearest railroad was
500 miles away and there was no
settlement-w within 100 miles.
Today there are 301 miles of
modern improved roads and 60
miles of minor service roads within
the park as well as 101 miles of
modern approach roads leading to
the various entrances. The roads
were constructed by federal gov-
ernment at a cost of approximately
Four railroads have developed
facilities to accommodate Yellow-
stone visitors: the Northern Paci-
fic, the Union Pacific, the Burling-
ton, arnd tlhe Milwaukee.
Six tl.:us-BEzillan, Livingston,
and d ed Lo:d-e, Montana; Cody
andl Jaclkson, Wyoming; and Ash-
tor,, Ilaho. hriae come into beinr
and c\.e their niajior economy to
the park, while e ,many others have
devel-oped within the LOO mile area.
The goverini enit's installations
inside the Park up to 1941 lete
valued at $24.000,000 and included

four hotels, five lodges, 2,400 cab-
ins, nine stores, five cafeterias.
three coffee shops, five picture and
photo supply shops, a large modern
hospital, seven gas stations, boat
rental and supply houses, four
laundries, four service garages,
buses, passenger cars, etc.
There are water systems, power
systems, sewer systems, and in-
Six years ago assets of park
concessioners were valued at $4,-
597,396 anti they paid more than
$150,000 in taxes to WyVoming alone.
S Tourists Big Spenders
From 1930 to 1939, the years be--
fore the travel to national parks
developed to its present eighth.
including, in fact, formative and
depression years, Montanas, Tnc..
which is the chamber of commerce
of that state, estimated that the
yearly average income from tour-
ists was $27,630,000 which was ex-
ceeded only by the average annual
value of all the cattle on all the
farms in the state which was $10,-
000,000 more.
The tourist income exceeded the
value of the state's wheat, of. its
Fheep on farms, of its tame hay,
of its copper, petroleum, natural
gas, coal and silver mining. It was
some six times the value of its
lumbering operations.
This is the return to only one of
the three states in which it is lo-
cated although it is the one state
which profits most.
Before you discount what I have
been saying on the rounds of
optimism, and imagination, let me
?how you how conservative I have
been. Yellowstone is open only
thiee months of 'the year. Our
Park will be open the year round.
Five different versionss of the
GettynburgL address were written
ur spoken ty Lincoln.

Collier and Long, Inc.

Everglades, Florida

SFrom where I sirt 4l Joe Marsh,,
ij^ From where I sit...Ay Joe Marsh,

Marry Young?

Marry Old?

When Jeb Crowell's daughter,
Sue, married nirieteen-year-old
"Slim" Blake, a lot of folks (espe-
cially older ones) began to shake
their heads. Young marriages!
Tut, tut!
So I looked up some figures. It's
true, young American girls and
boys marry younger than in other
countries. And where do you sup-
pose they had the least chance? I
won't name it, but maybe you've
guessed. One of those countries
that before the war suppressed alt'
individual freedom and tolerance.

That's why I'm not worried about
our younger married couples. They
were raised in a country that re-
spects one another's right-a coun-
try of tolerance and temperance (a
lot of bridegrooms are ex-G.l.'s,
and it looked to me like their fa-
vorite beverage was beer!)
Front where I sit, it isn't when
you marry that's important. It's
the all-important spirit of toler-
ance and understanding that you
bring to marriage.

fr afqc

Cow:ght, 194: ( e'n:rd Sthles Bru ers Foundar,'n

1-rc 4- ~ --

Welcome, Mr. President


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o Floor Lamps
Fine Woolen Blankets
e Bedspreads by Bates
Shower Curtains

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Smith Furniture Co.

Phone 14

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Spanish Explorer Menendez

Landed On Naples Coast

(Among the rare books in the
library of the late Judge E. W.
WilkinsoT of Naples wa V a vol-
ume entitled "The Spanish Set-
tlement. in the United State-,"
by Woodbury Lo"el.. Out of
print for more thin 353 e.ars.
thi. hook tontairn an account of
a landing at, or in the vicinity
of Naples by the great Spanish
explorer. iMlinendez. Mlenendez.
al-o kno" n as Aviles and the
Adelantado. %as one of the great
men of hi-ui y. Except for his
death a .hort time before the
completion of the Spanish .r-
mada, he iould hate Ibeen in
connimand of that fleet as it sail-
ed again-t England. The Ne' s
is indebted to Judge i\ilkin-on
for his notes and explanations
which are p:,r of the account
of the Mlenendez landing. He
point out that Carlns. tlieif of
the Calonsa Indian-, also %as

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Naples Pier

Rods Reels -
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Live Shrimp, Minnows, Sand
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We Buy Your Catch

Naples Pier

called "the cacigue."-The Edi-
On February 10, 1556, Aviles
i'eft Hat: nni ona his e:-:p':i.li tii' t..,
lihe Sc,.tlre, II p,,int rof FI.... I la
l'.diti .e-.n ve:i: ls arn f ie hiuii-
di Wl )e.l.n. -i.e : the o:,l;:ji.,:l-
."l]..h lihe I,,l ,.hil tly in vi.: ,. ,'.a
th- d le '.'e. V t" r, 3.lf I. i : .- k .'
t:oi tile I..- t_ ..,f Ne'.' S!,,ui i:"-
S.'.c n the oi ituri aid thie Fl -,,-
.iI K e:;, H .av'.io- a- iii. :.1l !in.-
ielt ',f it. .i i te ..-, he ,:,- ,lA.: the '
,-.f the ii otl.' Cii l ti .ii Piil.tlji
Lait Ali- (:: :I nI of th-i I ':el,I
hie r-- ii.. a ki-. th Li l r'- de Aw.l, I
'ild tliii5a inii l i ti 'o n I. re:-i
:tuei i Jii i.' ut little ltei ', ai i
plai l: i a-i l, ,: t hie ,.oi =ti .vi !:.
,eut -- l.
IIn 1 t le h li .i e .l a i .:li.ll A)-
fat -i hil! fi the tlli iet: aindi I:,n
the to .,ll:, .,' Il;-1,, al," ,, t the l 1 t ,
lllli t i i' lil. it i tnlie .r t. C -, l-
n : i t i out te i 1r tiI.: i i .:.te I a.i ,
, a s . i e i t..i ti le i..'l t ii. l ..lin -
iuii i i, '.,f A,- m 11;.'1a, ai ,iiia -n c lleh l out
tl hii i nl Spa rii-: ,': "Wei'-licoir le,
Snr naidt- aii-e thl tian li l..Athe.i''
Uli- aid f'- li. eill: h ive t1-d i-z
th i ytou V.i e (01 iniTiL AniiJ ClIir -
tLan m e-in and.I -..iien '.hI:. ali : chtill
al i.e irie have .il cte mie ti .lit
for l o0ii ihere ti t tlii cani ., to

thie s tsriiiuthcne ic tliquse a Sriii V
-The huri', .it a-,i tip( the Spn-
tia :, i'n: theis:d tile ta.t!e'lh:r iitn
th eit t(.at. He ai n ikei l e.-ll : -It
f.r a s all' d et- i:1mt io .i i Cloth, an,.i
. r= pairntel like si Inh:dan. Ani,-ay
eIe .iracedS li n t aHnd ulked foi ii h--.
I-tter w.there iu lr the poor tell.o
Laiti a it cai4, n ht ile tl Iar st is
th e l t ti t t ,.h l iie .art tid .e '1-li_ -
tialands iler in 'l you. l..e ;ehiinl
yhu, e.' thle leath liuftwiied I, tuhe
Lord to' r.ur s.-al. tior, rot to ri -
by b.it to enter- tile hiia l.: ai i --
c'ie us froihi the iaciqie, anJ aI IV
us to a Ciniktian larin..' Wlien
Avin le himelt came iup the Spatn-
iari inform-ied hii that there- were
in all twelve inen and women i
the hands of the Indians. the sole
survivors of two hundrd iersond,
oahu iln the course of the past
twenty years had been cast ashore
of. that inhlospitai.je coai t. All
but the,e the caevque and his fath-
er had saciificed to their idol-.
Then they knelt (down. and aduiLl
the wtron-. thaiil:ing God for Hii
mercy. Diai'e.tin_ I ;- boats to)
land, Aviles eiite edi the harbour
and they all sprang aihlnoro.
Land Belonged to (Caloosa
The country was that of the C.a-
loosa on the southern extiemiiity
of the peninsula, extending west-
ward from Point Sable and up to
the western coa-t, probably ai far
north as.the soutI:-rni shores of
Tampa Bay. It is for the most
Part a comparatively narrow strip
of land closed in bet.veen the Ever-
glades to the north and east. and
the Gulf of Mexico, a country of
low hills' and dro" ned mangrove
swarnps, with ititeani-s of freh
water wiicli take their rise in thle
Ev6rglades. The coast is deeply
indented with nulieLous bays and
fringed with countless i-lands. At

the time of Aviles' visit, the set-
telements of the Caloosas and of
the Indians, subject to them, occu-
pied the islands of the northern
extreme of the Florida Keys, as
well as those along the western
coast, and on the mainland their
many villages extended into the
*interior as far as the shores of
Lake Miami.
Very little is known of the habits
.:f th ;- tii ,ei The ',r. ,ni iii ,r:,.:
l xt ie l l. rilt, ta., the l ln _l ii ,f
ti d. till., ;l ill l iti l t' thli. ii
.l i -: ]': ll,}.l l' ll !- l ll l vll ,l I.,.,i I tip 1 ..a
ti, lli, til Il 1. lh t the :oi t i rl.-I
Trlie., pn;,,Vd a .ei;, lide t, l t ml t.
ill the I uitil eic (*iuri- i. J ri.n : n 't -,ion
-'-f w -" ..,1I,.i 1 i hi el t knri
'v l. ln.h it tl' t I l'.i i. "I'. i > l.e l-
|ll,,i V .:l:i",:: li i l' ft .i .ill -.i 'Cc ui'ni:
:.f llel t. th t ll .ri l .i.lst,., 1 -. ( !.
the d.;tl of thl child :I at lhiet,
In: sulbjcts sa iiit'if.ce. ,o,,' : of tlhe;i
i.'.,! und dal. l 'itel t,:, a c:,' paiif 'i;.'
it ...r it- ,,iu n n ; 'te:i dleathi. tiO
hi ,. ien tl, ,..f tl,, cli i f, ei : _-..t* a11 :
'. : I.:.!. ledl. "TI'.1 : .i i_[l l ti
S e'. c ,l e .lni- i 1.i lly, ci f iel i il ai-
l.-...,.| t the i ,].l.-, :, v ih. ,, ,,, e l S hl
t, fc,?d u.,,',ii tHri- t,'ez alii a
d nr...,: ; p! r i_, i fed '.. it tle6
hie:t.l '.f t ile % ntliii. A fe:ti .al as
al:% .l.,.1r'..-: I dui l L i : l .] iiiiet
*e .lO ll, l[ : C '..l Ir lll i : -'l ,:, I t l. t

THE COLLIER (O) NTY NE\\'S. Frida.. December ., 1917 10
space of thiet nim i .tl., l.irni pr- l..ably eiil-leimalic of tlh- tiila
whi.i the hlaii J:i' a-csi _-bled iei '.litie:. and w.eie 'preis-lve.l in a
the vill Le aiii i 1 t 'l:. aBji-'ut tLiemple: in oine rif thile cereinri ii.:-
at rm lirt, '.- 'r ] l ir i I.i, I [!p n [ei a p11,'o1(! ..t" I l.olof .ioini s '.'in[-'aing
hea'l- a ln i ,-)itatinie tile .i ei ctr tlii-: liia'l-.s pie'e- leI. by- a rotip
wolv-e ianI d 'tliir il.1 L.e :-t'. Tlie of wov elnii sinEllig ritudil s i .,
idol- V e It-iti1n ig 't-'siei ii.sk=, iC ntintmed Next Pa.,_'e

Welcome to Naples,

Mr. President
We're honored by your visit -
May it be a pleasant one.

Naples Package Store

Welcome Mr. President!

Open to Serve You

In Everglades

A Complete Dpartment Store


Hardware. Fishing Tackle, Guns, Shells

Men's and Women's Clothing

Souvenirs, Gifts, Seminole Handicraft

Welcome, Mr.President

McLenon Produce



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Frozen Foods
Fresh Vegetables
Monarch and Libby's
Canned Foods

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Sports Wear

Try Our Mdern Soda Fountain
For a Rekreshing Pick-up


Department Store



- I I

-- ~L~I~-6- ~---- __ I

------~---~C-LI-~C--LIY------TI--~-- --- -~- ---



18 THE COLLIER COUNTY NEWS, Frdiay, December 5, 1947

Menendez Landed at Naples

(Continued from Preceeding Page) loin-cloth. Aviles, suspecting trea-
passed through tle \ iliasg, while chery, withdrew*his boats a short
the Indians would come out of
their houses to pay their homage distance from land. After he had
-w to, the idols and accompany them so placed them that the artillery
with .In .in ; back to the temple, would command the shore, he caus-
(arlh.s Discovered ed a carpet to be spread.out on the
Half a league distant from the ground, on which the cacique and
landing-place was the '.ill~'g cal- his principal men seated themselves
led Carlos, where dwelt the chief in a group facing the Adelantado,
of the same name. Fortanedo who attended by thirty of his arque-
tells us that the name signifies busmen, carrying lighted matches.
"cruel village," but the Spaniards, Then the cacique knelt down and
who had corrupted its pronuncia- extended his arms with the' palms
tion, believed that the Indian chief of his hands. This was the mark
had assumed it in imitation of of the highest reverence that the
Charles V. on learning from some Caloosas could pay to a superior.
of his white captives that he was Aviles followed with a distribu-
the greatest monarch on the earth, tion of presents. To the chief he
The Christian slave whom the gave a shirt, a pair of silk breeches,
Spaniards had just rescued was and a hat. He was a young man of
sent to inform Carlos of the arri- twenty-five, tall and well formed,
val of an embassy sent by the King "and in his dress looked much the
of Spain to secure his friendship, gentleman," says Barrientos. Other
and bearing gifts for himself and small gifts were given him for his
his wives. Shortly thereafter the wives. Bread, wine, and honey
cacique came down to receive the were served to the natives, with
newcomers, accompanied by a train which they were greatly pleased,
of three hundred naked bowmen. and the chief presented Aviles
each wearing a small deerskin with a bar of silver and some other



small objects in gold and jewels,
and asked for more food and wine.
To this Aviles replied that he had
not enough for so many people, and
invited Carlos and his principal
men into his boat, where he pro-
mised to serve them a still more
savoury repast.
Carlos Visits Ships
Yielding to his curiosity and
cupidity Carlos entered the ship
with twenty of his companions,
whereupon Aviles drew up the an-
chors and ran for the open. The
Indians sprang to their feet in ter-
ror; but a soldier had previously
been stationed by each of the na-
tives to prevent his escape, should
he make the attempt, and the Gen-
eral informed them through the
interpreter, that as his boats were
small, he had only withdrawn from
land to prevent the entrance of
more Indians. He then regaled
them with more food and gifts, and
when Carlos finally wished to de-
part, informed him that the King
of Spain wished to make friends
with him and requested the return
of the Christian captives, threat-
ening him with death if he failed
to comply, and making him the us-
ual promise of friendship and as-
sistance against his enemies, in
case he obeyed. Carlos readily
agreed to his demand, and within

"Bill is strong as an ox, dear,
and just as intelligent!"

the hour five women and three
men .were delivered up. Aviles
directed them to be clothed, and
the unfortunate creatures wept
tears of joy at their deliverance
although their hearts were racked
because of the children they had
left behind. After this, more gifts
were distributed among the In-
dians and Carlos at last returned






.. .


to his village, ii.'itiig the Adelan-
tado to visit him and his wives,
and proilising to send two more
Christian men and a woman, who
were living in the interior.
Chief Plans Treachery.
The. next morning the cacique,
who had planned to slaughter the
Spaniards in a grove on the way
to his village, sent a number of
canoes to bring the General ashore,
and soon followed them in person
with a large company of natives,
unarmed, bearing branches of
palms, singing, and making great
demonstrations of joy. They had
come, said Carlos, to bear the Span-
iards to their village on their backs
as a mark of honous, and he him-
self would carry the Adelantado,
a custom-they had observed for
other Christians who had visited
his country, and his people would
accompany them with rejoicings,
"for we are all God's creatures,"
added the wily chief. But Aviles
had been warned of the treachery
by one of the Christians and ans-
wered with equal guile. He thank-
ed the Indians for their courtesy;
observed that those who had ac-
cepted such treatment were but
false Christians; that he would
visit their village with a few of
his Spaniards. But the savages
(Continued Next Page)






Jack Moblow, a friend of Cory Osceola's, demonstrates how the
Seminoles use their laboriously-built dugout canoes. Indians have
been banned from the new. National Park.

Menendez Landed In Naples Area

(Continued from Preceeding Page)
were too shrewd to be thus de-
ceived, and, perceiving that they
had been betrayed, at once took
flight, whereupon Menendez, an-
xious to retain their confidence,
and'to convince them that he knew
nothing of their designs, brought
his boats around to the neighbor-
hood of the village, blew his trum-
pet, and unfurled his flags as a
signal for their canoes to come
out and take him ashore.
But this, the Indians refused to
Early History
Anxious to rejoin the five ships
* "I

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s |Y

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Sweaters Creepers
Overalls $1.69 to $2.05



from which he had become sep-
arated, Avile now determined-to
set out insearch for them, and,
hearing of the three captive Chris-
tians in a neighboring harbor, went
there in the hope of firing his
vessels, and recovering the slaves;
but the search proved vain. Re-
turning to the port of Carlos, he
found that Las Alas had arrived in
the meantime and had even visited
the Indian town, where he had been
well received by.the natives, who
were cowed at the sight of so
strong a force, and where his sol-
diers had obtained by barter gold
and silver to the value of over two
thousand ducts.
Menendez Eager To Return
Meenndez was eager to return
to the settlement he had planted,
but he was also unwilling to leave
the Caloosas without having first
secured the friendship of their
chief; he therefore dispatched the
Christian slave who had met him
on his arrival to inform Carlos that
the Spaniards were still in ignor-
ance of the treachery which the
Indians had planned. Carlos blind-
ed by his desire to obtain more
gifts from these guileless visitors,
readily believed the inesenger,
came to visit the Adelantado with
but five or six companions, offered
him his sister in mat iaime, asked
lniu to take her to a Christian land,
and then to send her back that he
arnd ail his pei-ple Iicht become
of the same faith, and atain re-
inewed the in itati,.ri to visit his
village and his wives, to all of
which Aviles again consented.
While the Adelantado and the
Indian chief were each struggling
to outwit the other, the one to re-
tain his country and the other to
win it for his King, another less
worthy object had stirred the cu-
pidity of the soldiers. The sight
of the gold collected by the follow-
ers of Las Alas and the report of
the great wealth of Carlos had
awakened the same emotions in
the breasts of the Spaniards as
those which had arisen .n the
heart of the Indian chief on seeing
their paltry heads and hatchets;
and the former, hoping to work
upon the financial necessity in
which they all knew that Aviles
was placed, urged him to hold Car-
los for ransom. Carlos himself was
reported to have over one hundred
thousand ducats; and even were
his treasures not so large, no one
could tell how much gold and silver
there might be in the possession
of his friends and relatives, accu-
mulated from the vessels wrecked
along the coast. With this they

would readily part, for the natives
were in blissful ignorance of its
value, bartering a piece of gold
worth seventy ducats for an ace
of diamonds, and a hundred ducats
of silver for a pair of scissors. But
the Adelantado was above tempta-
tion and simply replied that the
Indians had come 'to him trusting
his word, and would not think the
Spaniard were good Christians if
he caught them in a lie; and al-
though his soldiers succeeded in
collecting from' the Indians precious
metal to the value of thirty-five
hundred ducats, with which the
Spaniards at once began to gamble,
he persisted in his refusal to take
anything for himself. So Carlos
returned in safety to his village.
Aviles Returns Visit
The next day Aviles returned
his visit with what pomp and cir-
cumstance he could muster, in or-
der to impress the natives with his
importance. He must have pre-
sented a curious sight to the gap-
ing savages as he threaded his way
through the groves of palmettos
to the great house of the chief,
which stood but a little distance
from the shore near which the ships
were drawn up. Attended by
twenty gentlemen and a very
small dwarf, who was an excellent

THE COLLIER COUNTY NEWS, Friday, December 5, 1947 17

dancer and singer, he marched at
the head of his two hundred arque-
busiers, each man fully armed,
clad in cuirass and morion, with
unfurled banner, to the accompany-
ing music of two pipers and drum-
mers, three trumpeters, a harp,
a violin, and a psaltery. On reach-
ing the spacious dwelling of the
cncique, he stationed his men on
the outside, their matches lighted
in case of emergency, and entered
it with music and his twenty at-
tendant gentlemen. Carlos, like-
wise desiring to be duly impressive,
had prepared an elaborate reception
for his visitors. The cacique sat
alone, enthroned on a raised seat,
surrounded by a company of one
hundred chief men and other per-
sonages, who crouched below him.
At a little distance from him sat
his sister, tall, plain- and sedate,
and about thirty-five years of age,
around whom squatted the native
women. As Aviles entered, Carlos
courteously offered him his throne
and 'withdrew to some distance,
but this the Adelantado would not
permit and he placed his host be-
side him, after which the ceremon-
ies saluation previously described

was repeated by the Indian's sister
and the chief men. Meanwhile
over five hundred youths from ten
to fifteen years of age had assem-
bled in front of the open windows
and began to sing, while the others
danced and piroutted, and the men
and women within joined .in the
singing. Then the brothers and
relatives of the chief, some of
whom were nearly one.hundred
years old, performed a dance. Dur-
ing all of the entertainment the
Indian women without the house
sang alternately in two groups of
50 each.
Carlos' Wife Joins Feast
The dance over, the repast was
about to be served when Menen-
dez, who had noted down some of
the native words, asked for a lit-
tle delay, and addressed Carlos
and his sister in their own lan-
guage, to the amazement of the
assembly, who thought that the
paper itself spoke. At his request
the Chiefton's wife was brought
in. She proved to be a handsome
young woman of 20, of good ad-
dress, with fine eyes and eye brows,
shapely hands, and graceful figure
(Continued Next Page)



bids Welcome to

President Truman

on December sixth, at the dedication of the

Everglades National Park

. . and to Collier County

for its part in making this dedication

such an outstanding event

9i LEE


o***-* **** *** Me *


General Contractor

New Office Across Street From Post Office

No Job Too Large

No Job Too Small

Temporary Telephone
No. 1

a - ---.~ a I

I V-

*I Member FDIC *

P. O. Box 1931


18 THE COLLIER COUNTY NEWS, Frdiay. December 5. 1947

Menendez Landed In Naples.Area

(Continued from Preceeding Page)
naked as Eve before the fall except
for a covering which she wore in
front, a rich necklace of pearls
and precious stones, and some
golden trinkets about her throat.
The Adelantado, who was a
courtly man, took her by the hand
and seated her between her hus-
band and his sister "and as he had
been told that she was very hand-
some he had written down the
words in which to tell her so, at

which, "writes his brother-in-law,"
"she showed herself not to be dis-
pleased, and blushed very pretti-
ly, looking frankly at her husband.
The cacique showed that he re-
gretted having brought his wife and
ordered her to depart, fearing she
would be taken from him, but the
Adelantado told him through the
interpreter not to send her away,
asking that she dine with them."
Beautiful Repast Prepared
This was followed by an excel-

I. g1

William L. Clarke,. Jr.

Realtor Insurance


Phone 97

One of the iotld's great natural %onders, the new

Exergladei National Park is destined to become an'

insaluable--asset to Florida. Join with us in

"helping build Florida" by sending several of these

colorful picture cards to your friends in the North.

Let's tell the world about Florida's scenic attractions

and living opportunities. Free mailing cards can

be obtained at any of our offices.

lent repast served by the natives To this Aviles replied that in or-
and consisting of cooked fish and der to become Christians they
oysters roasted, boiled and raw to would have to learn and believe
which the Adelantado contributed many things.
biscuit, honey, sugar, and wine, "And he told them who God was,
with comfits and quince preserve. His wisdom, power, and goodness,
Throughout the feast his own mu- and that all creatures born upon
sic played and the dwarf danced, earth must worship and obey Him
at which the cacique bade his In- alone, and that we Christians who
dians to cease their singing, for he do so, go to heaven when we die,
said. "The Christians k-now many and there we live forever without
things." Then some of the Span- dying, and see our wives, and chil-
ish gentlemen sang in concert, for dren, and brothers, and friends,
the Adelantado was fond of music. and are ever joyful, singing and
The repast was concluded with a laughing; and that they in their
distribution of gifts among the ignorance do not serve or worship
natives. God, but serve a very warlike and
As the Adelantado prepared to lying chief called the Devil, and
depart, Carlos reminded him of the forever weeping, because they are
alliance which he had proposed, so often very cold, and again very
saying that his Indians would not hot, and there is nothing to sat-
sumnit to having his sister reject- isfy them."
ed, but would rise against him. Aviles Marries Indian
The unexpected request at once Notwithstanding his sound doc-
placed Aviles in a difficult if not trine, Aviles consulted with his
a dangerous position, for it de- captains as to what to do in this
handed an immediate answer, and case. They all agreed that it was
although his bodyguard stood with- desirable to conciliate the Indians
out, prepared for every emergency, i. order to bring them to a know-
he was himself surrounded by the ladge ofkthe true faith, and the
savages and for the moment corn- Adelantado finally accepted the
pletely in their power. But he met situation, although he did so most
it with tact and discretion, observ- unwillingly. So the chief's sister
ing that Christian men could only was baptised, and named Donna
marry Christian women: Carlos Antonia, and the nuptials were per-
answered that they were so already, formed that night in some tents
having taken hini for a brother. which the Spaniards had erected







-~~~J~~"F- 1. .' u. il- L
a .~iII I tW I7C1 L ?i i.' *III i. C ,aaa~ I' 5 I4 a I~I .i 1

near by admidst the great rejoicing
of the natives who celebrated the
occasion with singing and dancing,
and to the furtherance among them
of Christian religion. Aviles hav-
ing now achieved his object, and
secured the friendship of Carlos,
determined to continue his journey.
His Indian wife and seven of her
companions were sent with Las
Alas and five of the ships to Ha-
vana to be instructed in the Catho-
lic faith. He also caused a great
cross to be erected close to the
chief's dwelling, which he bade
the Indians to reverance as their
principal idol, and to abandon their
other gods. But the still distrust-
ful Carlos refused his consent to
the new workmanship until the re-
turn of his sister from Havana.
Aviles promised to send her back
ir. the lapse of three or four months,
and then sailed away in the two re-
maining vessels, having named the
harbour San Antonio, after St.
Anthony, to whose intercession he
attributed the happy discovery and
deliverance of the Christian cap-
(Continued Next Week)

Veterans Corner

GI loans guaranteed by the Vet-
erans Administration are making
it possible for tens of thousands
of southeastern veterans to buy
homes of their own.
Because the purchase of a home
may be the largest investment for-
nier servicemen will 'ever make,
veterans who seek GI loans should
be familiar with the problems and
responsibilities of home ownership
under the GI Bill. Unfortunately,
many veterans lack adequate in-
formation about the program.
Here are the answers to a few
questions about the most important
aspects of the program:
Q. Who lends money under the
GI Bill?
A. Private institutions lend the
money. The V'A guarantees a por-
tion of the loan, usually half of it.
Q. Who builds the houses and
who is'responsible for seeing that
construction rieets modern stan-
dards ?
A. lle ve.-ilan and his lending
institution are solely responsible
for the type house to he built. It
is their responsibility to select re-
putable architects and contractors
who M ill use the finest available
material-and labor.
Q. Does the VAshave inspectors.
to see that GI houses- are well
A. No.
Q. Does the VA employ apprai-
seri to value property for veter-
A. No. The VA does idesiannte
an appraiser to evaluate the pro-
perty-usually only after'construc-
tion is completed. This appraiser
is a reputable citizen of his com-
munity and-is not in the employ of
the government. His fee is paid
by; the veteran interested in buy-
ing the p'ropeity. His job is to
see that the sale price is "reason-
al:.le It is not his job to find
out if the construction i- the Iest
ps ible.
Q. Why liave the apprari-- ?
A. His appraisal is accepted by
the \'A. His responsibility is to
protect the government in its gua-
cantee of the loan and to protect
Ins client, the veteraii, fromiiiunduly
high prh.es in the purchase of the
home of his choice. VA ri'ay re-
nlew the apprailal if it appears
out of line faithh prevailing com-
riunity property value-.
Q. What i the advaiitage of a
guaranteed loan?
A. A GI loan g ies the veteran
a credit advantage becaidse the
government guarantees a portion
of the Ioan. The GI loan is a credit
progiiam; responsibility for the
actual building of houses rests with
the veteran, private contractors
and architects, and lendiiing intl-
I Veterans wishing further irLnforma-
tiol about veterans' benefits may
have their questions personally an-
;.eretd by \vilting Lloyd E. Day,
VA Conta'.t Repiieziatative at
County, Court House in E.ergl:ides
from 1 p. m. to 4:.):0 p. iii. each.
Wednesday, or at the City Hall in
Naples tronm a. m. through 12
noon each Thursday.

FOR SALE: "Airtemp" 30 gal.
kerosene .'.ater heater complete
with oil barrel and seven lengths
of tove pipe. Price .125. t. .
Roberts, 4th Ave., and 11th St.,
FOR SALE:-Single beds, complete
with inner-pring mattiesses, priced
to sell. N. P. Sioan, Naples Phone
WILL BiJ. any quantity hulled,
pres.:.i d coconuts free from ..,racks,
lot-, spoils and sprouts. will pay
3.7c per pound delivered at our
plant. Florida Sales Coip., 2233
N.W. Court, Miami;. Phone 3-7C33.
~si : = . . .==





-- ~-

.. .Friday afternoon, and. was ac-
1 r _' T companies by D. W. MeLeod, who
El erglaUes New/s. * attended a Tax Collector's conven-
By LLENtion at the Flamingo Hotel. Mr.
By ELLEN McLEOD MMeod remained in Miami until
M1r. and Mrs. Robert H. Nelsori night from a business trip to Sat- Sunday afternoon.
motored to St. Petersburg sday anna, a. L. H. Chapman of Collier City
motored to St. Petersbu Sundayannah, a. wasa business visitor in Ever-
to spend the day with Mr. and Mrs. R. E. Johnson of Naples' was a glades Friday.
Ted Sehwerdtfiger. Mr. Nelson's visitor in Everglades Friday. J. L. Howell and I. W. R;ggs. Jr.
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Ed Schwerdt- Returning to college on Sunday motored to Miami Friday on busi-
-figer returned to Ev',erladl'e- with afternoon were Misses Dale Wil- ness.
them Sunday night. Misses Mary liams, Betty Butler, Mary Eliza- The Rev. and Mrs. Frank J. Bry-
Pat and Kathleen Gormican and beth Brown, and Carnie Jane son of Fort, Myers. Beach, spent
Miss Rhoda'Janes accompanied the Brown, who attend Florida State Thanksgiving in Everglades with
Nelsons to St. Petersgurg, going University at Tallahassee, and Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Luther, return-
from there to Tampa, where they Ralph E. Brown who attends the ing to their home Friday morning.
attend the Academy of the Holy University of Florida at Gaines- Friends of Mr. Mark Garrett will
Names. Iille. The young people spent the, be sorry to learn that she is a.
Mr. and Mrs. Herman A. Gilliani Thanksgiving holidays with their patient in Lee Meneirial Hospital
of Naples were visitors in Evr.- par.:nt;. in Fort Myers. Mr. Garett reports
glades Saturday. Mr. andi Mrs, James D. Brown that her condition is inipio.lPnr.,
Norman A. Herren and Stuart of Coral Gables spent ThanksgiV- Mrs. Roy Atkins went t.. Pankj
Farney motored to Miami Satur- ing in Everglades with Mr. and ma City during the latter part of
day afternoon to attend the Uni- Mrs. D. XW. McLreo and Miss Ellen the week, and drove back with Mrs.
versity of Alabam-iMiarni Univer- MeLeod. Mr. Brown returned to L. J. Thorp, who has visited hei
sity game. Mri. and Mlrs. Paul Coral Gables Thursday night, and mother there for the past few
D. Cooke also attended the game. came back to Everglades Sunday weeks. They returned to Ever-
The regular meeting of the afternoon for Mrs. Brown and Jim- glades Saturday iighlt.
adult choir of the Community mie. Mr. and Mrs. Jeff Barrett and
Church was held on Friday night, Don Rindy and Harmon Turner daughter, Suizanne, spent; Wednes-
since the regular, practice fell on motored to Miami Friday evening. day and Thlrisday in Fort Myers
Thanksgiving. Those present were Mrs. Russie Weatherly of Cho-. with friends.
Mesdames E. L. Lezotte and E. 1:ololshee anrl Mi:s Marie Daniel of Guests at the Rd- ail.I Gan (Cll.
Finn, Miss Ellen- MLeod, and JoE Imlnokalee were visitors in Ever- for Thanl:zgifini 'ihriner included
SlhoeLmal.:er and Bob Botarth, Mr. glades Saturclay. Other out of Mir. and Mr. Pal D Cnol and
Finn was also present. town visit.,rs on Saturday were Mr. and Mrs. J. C. IIalli of Exer-
Clarence Grittin of Ochopee an'd Raiph Brown of Ochopee and H. glades, and Mr. and Mrs. W. H.
R. L. Rodgers of Lallle were br.i- W. Tucker of Ocala. Dickenson of Naples.
ness visitors in Everglades Thurs- r Mr. and Mrs. Oscar Grothe and David Hoffmanl nadle a bu.sil i:
day. their daughter, Mrs. John Butcher, trip to Ocala Wedrlneday.
Clifford Hayes and his daughter, and Mr. Butcher, and the Butchers' Mr. and Mrs. J. \V. Penningtor
Mrs. Cunningham, of Terre Haute, two small daughters, Arline and and little son, Johlrnie Raynoe
Indiana, have just completed an Wendy, of Miami Beach, were spent Thanksgiving in Naples w ith
eleven-day fishing vacation with guests for several days at the Rod relatives.
Ted Smallwood, aboard his cruiser, and Gun Club, and fished with Mrs. Idell Shler drove Ray-
the "Fun Hunter." They were join- Charlie Boggess. They caught mond Bryan to Minter li T1hi l..n
ed one day by' "Dad" Warren ocf many snook and red fish. Little r medical atteri B e 'i,
Greenwich, N. Y., who in spite of Wlendy, who is only six, brought many Everglades friends w l I,,
his 80 years, caught a 15 Ib. snr,,.k, in a 4%/ lb. and a 6 lb. snook. In pleased to know that iee is niuch
and other fish. Mr. Hayes and his the evening at dinner in the Rod improved, following a rtee-t iII
daughter caught 437 snook and 24 and Gun Club she was awarded an ness. Newberry f nal .ll
tarpon, weighing a. total of 1500 Isaac Walton button/for being the Ca.. en, ewbert '.rofald 1a I ir
Ibs. While in Ev-erglades'they youngest fisherman of the day, Ev,-"glad.. Wpithi M .ad 11
were guests of the Rod and Gun and "Dad" Warren of Greenwich, CelI [,al.e adi Mr. ard i'
Club. N. Y., was awarded a button for Siley .Villia -. left Thrr.i 3
Mr. and Mrs. E. T. Bridges and being the oldest. lolig. He ill l- it T Ul:-a'
daughter, Judy, spent Saturday Mr. and Mrs. E. A. Finn spent and Ri-i n LH vin route h n Oal-.
in Fort Myers. Monday in Miami.
C. H. Collie- returned Wednesday Jerry Brown motored to Miami niin. Ina Jan Riggi J. ad
--drer. Ina Jane arnd IeIII f


Shells & Supplies for'making Shell Jewelry, Etc.


Manufacturers oft
Dealers in Shells and Coral

Small quantity orders receive same careful attention and appre-
ciation as larger orders

Clarke's Liquor Store


Phone 48 or 85

I have been preached about, cussed, and
damned because I advised young people not
to drink. I still contend that they should not.

We old timers thought that the days of miracles were over
until Prohibition. Then the boys in the bushes produced a miracle
by using sugar, corn meal and a gasoline drum, not to mention
potash, to turn out stuff they called moonshine. It had more
fire than an incendiary bomb and a kick like a Missouri Mule;
if it didn't kill you it was a miracle.

Don't you think it is better to drink.pure liquors? If so,
come in and inspect our stock of domestic and imported liquors
and wines-at prices you can afford to paRy.


Ocala, iprcnt Wednesiday nieht in
Eei glade:. and motoied to Miaii
Thiinr-,Jay nimI'in to spend Thlan-
ki- -,i ,ng- weeken.I.
it James E. Al 1e and infant
:on, Michael, of Feida, spent the
Th rrkgiving hohday: in Ev-er-
glad.s. with Mr.s. Alien's father.
J. S. Butler, and her- iters.
ihr;. J.l. L. Hox :lI anid tuil.uhter.
C'arlin. -p.nt Satur -la, in Mi.iii1
rD-aooisrl. Harriet M. BedelJ
'leint Tin aril.:sg'ivig at the Rectn.r
vf I.St. Set,:-hiri's_ fiurch in Miliaai
Iaril iiile iii Miamii attended a
Iairty at the church, spo]I-e at tli,
annual ii,:eting of Silh-enrial.li..
(Ciich. ani. attended the opening
of Fairi,.lIij Tropical Gardens anc
a cI.'-:.-.t ...I te Symphony orches-
t I'j.
J. B. \erli-il and George Verrell
,,f ih'liao. IIl., were guests of the
Ri :and I1.ii Club during the past
.v.-el-:. andi fished with Cap Daniels.
They cauglit 35. snook and red fish,
(C.ulyLle McKinely of Corpus
i('ii'ri. Texas. arrived in Ever-
L. lid-- \\eldn.:-diay night to be witl
i, l father. Lr. F. J. M.i.Kinley, who
;- cr; i,. ll' ill.
TMi' Cari,,en Senghaas came
f r:ri Barr-;, College in Miami to
l- end the Tr.inl :_-;ing holidays
v. rh her parents, Mr. and Mrs
1iisiv Senghaas, at the Rod. and
Gun Club.
Mr. and Mrs. J. S. McKinstry
returned during the latter part oj
the week from Houston, Texas
where Mrs. McKinstry has visited
for the past several months.
. Mr. and Mrs. Bert Brown anc
children and Miss Vera Bramar
spent Thanksgiving in Chokoloskel
with Mr. and Mits. Vincent Braman
parents: of Miss Braman and Mrs
Mr. and Mrs. Harvey Weatherl3
of Miami, spent Thanksgiving ir
Evergldes. While here they visit.
ed with Mr. and. Mrs. S. S. Jolley
and also spent some time fishing
Mr. and Mrs. Vesta McLendor
and three children returned to their
home in Donaldsonville, Ga., Sat
uirday, after spending several dayr
in Everglades with Mr. and Mrs
Cecil Drake. Mrs. McLendon ir
sister of Mr. Drake.
Percy and W. F. Brown of Im
mokalee and Mr. and Mrs. M. Her

Luggage Radios
Army Surplus
Shoes Shirts
Pants Pup Tents

Used Goods
1218 MAIN St.
Ft. Myers, Florida

THE COLLIER COUNTY NEWS. Friday, December 5, 1947





bert Paul of Naples visited here
Mrs. Tommie C.. Barfield of Col-
lier City and. Mrs. W. Roy Smith
of Naples attended the regular
monthly ,ireetin of the school
board in Everglades Monday after-
Mr. and& Mrs. Thomas Jacl.:.on,
Mr. and Mrs. Henry Hartsfileir
and Miss Eleanor Hartsfiell of
Miami spent Sunday in Everglades
J. S. Atl.:ins of Canal Point spent
the weekend in Everglades with
Mr. and Mrs. Roy Atkins.
J. L. Howell and Don-Rindy
motored Dr. F. J. McKinley to
Miami Sunday afternoon where hea
was admitted as a patient.at Jack-
son Memorial HospitaL Mrs. Mc-
KIiley accompanied Dr. M'.Kinlcy
to the hospital, and stayed with

In Fort Myers I's
D'Allesandro Wine and Liquor Store
We Deliver
Phone 123

Howdy, Mr. President

We'll be looking for you
When You Drive Past

East Naples Grocery

FREE with each $5 Order

Today and Saturday Only -




- U

Welcome Mr. President

O-And Eveybody

There's a'lot of traffic on the roads today.

We join the Highway Patrol in asking that

everyone drive carefully.

We hope you have a pleasant, safe trip-

But if you do run into trouble, -we're ready to

serve you. ,

Two experienced mechanics, one from De-

troit and the other from Ohio have just been

added to our staff.

We operate. the most completely equipped

garage between Miami and Fort Myers.




24-Hour Wrecker Service

Phone 85


- A

I. Ea=oG^^^s/ [ I
To khep p;ituies and mirrors fTCorl
niaking rmarks oil lii? wall, put a ih'lJIb
tatk at the back of both ,boittonm .:oFcieis.
The.tacks -ep ire frame from toudim,.g
the wall gaie
him- until Monday. afteimoon, when
she returned to EverglFades.
A. A. Bakewell, and Henr,y Ispen-
lanih of Naples were busine-s cal-
lers in Everglades Monday.

I1 ":Yes Sir


pI t' sAt 3

Boys and Girls Bikes $45.20 up
SScooter $2.50 up

Toasters Mix Master 37 '
Special at $1 a set

Phn 6 We .22 Caliber Rifles .7
B~ ys ~~~S 95d Girs Bs u
ScWagoons $2.50 up
2g Cbi


Phone 68 We Deliver Blackboards $1.75

FORT MYERS (Fla.) NEWS-PRESS. Sunday Morning. December 7. 1947

Estnbllshed 184-Dally since 1011
Published Every Moning, Seen DU)s a H eek By News-Preas Puhllihing Co.
CARL HANTON. President
News Editor Ad.ertising rectorr Cheulntlon annager

Meoibei of the Assoclaed Press
The Associnled Press IA ecnlunisely entitled to the
ose for repuhllenalnn of nil nesa dispnrches credit-
ed to it or not othernline credited In his pnper and
also Inenl news pnhlished herein All rights of re-
puhlliicnr n of special dispatches herein are also

Jobless Italians in Rome are demanding
public works projects. The American irn-
luience .-preads.

Setii r-tary Anderson predicts that by next
,prinig the country w ill see fantastic meat
'ri'Lc-. And butcher shops will see a fantastic
a tjbiiLCe .-,f customerS.

\V';tshington food experts oppose shippini
grailefruit to Europe because the hoi polloii
over there wouldn't know what to do with
'er. What. with all of those riots?

After attending yesterday's park dedica-
tion Tom Watson will amend his motion to
read. "The Everglades is nothing but a bunch
of Seminoles. sa w gras s, alligators and
motorists looking for a place to park."

President Truman's call at Everglades
yesterday for constant vigilance to prevent
"raids by destructive influences" on the
- natural resources which are the common
heritage of all the people has a direct appli-
cation and a special meaning here in South-
west Florida which is so rich in nature's
goods. The applause which greeted his state-
ment that such raids represent not enter-
prise but "attempts to take from all for the
privileged few," or banditry as he might have
said, testified how well our people realize this.
Careless and wasteful lumbering opera-
tions deprive our entire society of a priceless
asset, a resource in which we once were rich.
As criminal as the wasteful lumberman is the
careless woodsman who starts a forest fire,
and often the careless motorist who dicks a
lighted cigarette butt from his car. Hunters
who exceed the bag limit, fishermen who take
mullet out of season or violate other regula-
tions also rob the whole of the community.
The constant vigilance for which Mr. Truman
called can be manifested by public pressure
for the rigorous prosecution of the small but

Snhubscrlption Payable In Addance
I 'r. 6 lMo. I Un.
Dally and Sunday $15.00 87.50 $1.30)


Entered as second cla minalter at the Poilnmfflce oa
'ort Myers. Fla. under the ne of March 3. 187;

important depredators as well as by watch-
fulnies against grabs by the big operators.
The president made another point of par-
ticular application here when, in discussing
water resources, he held that failure to de-
velop such assets constitutes wastage lust as
much as spoliation does. If it is vwasteful nlot
to develop a natural resource, as the tho:'us-
ands at Everglades apparently agreed, then
somre degree of \wastefulness is chargetlble to
us on the scorer of planting and beautification.
The graceful palms, the useful fruit trees,
the beautiful shrubs and flowers which thrive
here constitute a great natural resource'. Fort
lMyers already has done more than most other
Florida cities to propagate these resources
but much more could be done. Not only the
Everglades National Park but our habitable
places too should be places where we can
"draw strength and peace of mind from our
surroundings." as the president put it. Such
spots would bring visitors from all over.
as we expect the park to do, and also we
need them for our own sake.
Mr. Truman has done a great service for
us by his attendance at the Everglades cere-
monies. The dedication was broadcast by
radio, filmed for television and newsreels,
photographed for magazines and newspapers s
and written about by a big contingent of re-
.porters. The event was front page news,,
throughout the country and the park w;:-
brought to the attention of the nation in a
way that never would have been done without
the president's participation. It remains for
us now to carry on from that auspicious
starting point to the time not so far distant
when the Everglades National Park will
attract as many tourists and prove as great
a practical asset to Florida as the great na-
tional parks of the West do for their state(.
Mr. Truman wll1 have done an even great-r
service for us. however, if his wise counsel
on conservation at Everglades is heeded and
bears fruit. All of us today can say feelingly,
"Thank you, Mr. President!"

Thomas Edison Said:
ricTrre I' 1"-' U"e Iur" 1l iers
and go Imiiiln |icile mae
KginiI t% lud
If llplI."




News-Press Phones
Nesrr Deiartnienl ........ 4.1
A.drertll init Circulalon ..... 7-1
Job PriltluB ............... "-.0

Joh Prinilue ~:oo I

VOL. LXIV-No. 22-64th Year








As Conservation


Example for Nation

With President at Everglades

Gets Shirt, Sponges,
Stamps; Truman Drives
Swiftly on Trail
i I IIIII 1 r l uil P.l e f ) '.
PietidJ.:-i l T"iul ali ',..aV ili z a a '
iiimoo'.l ;c- .te .., :I lie accepted, i .
fift fl.':'i the SeiI.noe Indians,; ;
Ta'irpOn .i p 1 1 ilg fi: Iel m eit al d the'
E'.'ViErll, Pailk C:)iti _-iioni diir-
invu hi-: \-.1" ] t to:, Evegla,.les. (
TlIh cii.tf ex:-cutiv? cliiiia edi
tl.e day: 1. d i, a i- ipen Ca'Len
it 1 i" .: l "': a t l i n' t'r In' re lio .in
the tle iln -i l ,'' *t: to Naple s.
i' l hie e he ..., i ,I lit iin- e, the
S:,A ei1 CO, .11, l a _etut nc-d to Key"

ft ---c-

Urges Public

IResist Raids

On Resources

4,500 Gather at Everglades for Park
Dedication; Secretary Krug Promises
U. S. Will Develop Glades Attractions

Piesidenit Tit, man yes teiay hailed the Evet.glades National Park
as a "areat contse,'atloi victoryy' bit warned the nation to be "con-
stantly \vigilait t:o plveiit itais by those -whlo would selfishly exploit
I('li c.aOlltin n hlieutasre for their private gain." The Dre-'rient spoke

i Me-t .. 'ttItniio lee hl,51 nationn 1 tn ., '- di :0 .tCti, to a _ow\ li of 'IInle 4,,51") atlhere-L
r~t M,.,n,. a.-. i "" : Evergiades foi tie fn +al tle,:ictioi of the
Mo. Tc r, Vid his Off icial te fii dedieitio nl of the
It L'lV--Ii li i oiiale az- tile 28th patk ill the national system, and
IL ti lr-ta'l i n afvere illae.] te. 1'VIIo.
It. ti l ,th'' fl. Tnl'--det'Lng~ Applause greets Piesident Truman as he starts address. Left to licht Adm. William D. Leahv. Florida's Generous Gi
e oited lNalc. 't.'t HiC',i..de' Pit o.at,. presidential chief of staff: Cant. James H. Foskett. naial aide: l.r. Truman. Secretail ot the Interior Mri. Trmiiani was introduced by Secreta; ,
e- oted I.b,- Stat. Hipr.vay P ttaol'
veple,<". i,,it lctiv t th t Wi tile p il g. Senator Pepper. Mris.. S. Jennints of Jack-onille. member of park commi sinn and pa t pres- atk ,owie-i.-d J the "gie'oiin gift to the p,
tta^e- fain t Lill V'iiiiing B l' ,ident of Floiiida Federation of Vomein's Clubs. and Aligut Burghard of Fort Laudnidale. chairman of Floila of "*'thi. world faiious area" and p
Ioris Iear. park conmis-ion. (Photo b Broks) u'eiit ild level "its unusual atti
Shirt From Seminoles jito a 'lzi iant gem in our national hain of
t .rifi Seminole Finery Features Everglades Show K aid t eside t 's a
tdeelemat.:.n .-if ther-ee Senur.srlnr. Cor and Holland and introduction of leaders in
Odeel:,i illai M..ii E S tii Oscere- ~ 0 either distinguished guests.
olia iit [InitAi Bille chKidf -led Truman in High Spiri
n re Bin. :Ie orpie tPaSS N etS A autograph Concession Stanr getd Pefet ater te the pledent
Th.e idia.,n iold Mlr -Tri'rtI'a 9 TInhappy as Crowd thie .rowv.ls v.ho .an e ti see and hear tliei.
that ltlh ,,t A ilade fro: Takesf inr.I htI'h aii-its as le ititerripted illS Key V'
5i -.e[lsiaLe e ,c clon R eveals 'O ld Look' Takes Free Fish ted O tlati
Se.'!it,,le. l ._o g:I .. the t'reside ., p f m an
ha 1i lljac, iiiale 'oif luckskil 'a R TO'M MORGA N i-neat am'
alietto .ith lpre. li.iandles, f AutoeiLaph l iiutei hald a t'teldi nn. "\Ve .e this rubl vd A near e
Mr'. Tio,,'a. ,, .a P ad.Pe-.Pident Truwl, sinlig- - -te, *t i f,, the pie-lent' o t iia, H ere' ralo a s W hat, -zulal
Tlhe'i,it ideht told the Indiahislie .oblig all (orilE-, (m ,tantlv' ovie l ie ie, a Iictal..-aded tI,'
I .aR "v'e-' hapry to have, Lt 'e.t a and a,_o.-: i',, Mlialni-,3 T e Said: t'
thlt.' anid saidj he-votLiol carryy i in his fo,.Intain pen tion hls ig any c liaige." i.I t tie lairl biv the i:gliBwa:. patrol's ltcl:s--to They Sa : ades
in tlhe hainldil. Tlie Seminaolei ocet One eld it ly iiani Im-l d up played late. ti e d.:'lii itii of thir e E'erladesa *- a ress f
told Mi. Triuman that they 'als# .double play. Holland 'to Caldwell --National Park. Tlhee is little con- ite ah ba
had a .hirt for Sec itarv .I c'Trur mtan, to get tlie president's Mirs. Samn Collier, looking for fusion at E'!glades as the state .President Truman-"The benefits -e alwa
Irttriii 1i..ig. who d a~~te-he ma e p r .. i"d-- l [-" "*. .*. .*-. .. .-. i n. "tiU -e b t, ro a ot" T '
'ed that ea ly f K ait up to Senator Holland at mas arrival. found ahen in the me. di-ectthe viltos to pal kig d dicatioii wll outlast the youn'e- tory," ai,
B' t .hO e ig ,, r erugthe .' edge of the speakers stand; dru. sto. B. mother. the pla et.-'i, . t i e.t of u. x x x We have to remainn permanent
the' ed e of tie speakers staid: dru sto e. '.But motherr" they The i.v -:lear,,, blue a tltelconstantly vigilant to prevent -a' sp-b ealt
h it' a .e, the p e senator passed it to Go. Cal- aid e can't o i i ea a. es constantly vigilant to pre.'ent rai
li cnuil.et.dgnani, 0torng passed it oto Go,. Cold- t....Id .-e can' go no%. I\e .luslt UIiow. streak. into the dedication ,y thote w ho would seat
'-it, hIIt uietthe'1 ii,,tind as h' Te ell w Iho pas-.-d It oil t tlte pi eei- %on 15 free rame- o il I ~liad anp iid :lot oure -n w d i o f il
tL.uht of the itttinid Krie. Te dent, and It was letutnei '.tith tile ball machine. "i e .e f i i e a ploit ou c on, he tag- fot their th
.abine i illelr slibseqitently wa' autograph by thle same route. a macin diiEcii r Ile ihl f:2 sei ing ta- liv.ate gain.' Evelad.
i't'e-eL itd itli thif slhlrt. L't i '" "_ i.o -- --I b]'. ..,eie '. l ii .chiil' ai i and Senator Pepper "-'.n more PI.
L q i \ \ l . h oe l O -tr i.- o a. -:', 1i t t- f al . l i eal d P l a t e "h e -a p d 1 I t 'l -" I I 1 I ". 1 aP e p pI Ie r
Lii.tt the ir .Cdunt :t.opped' o Claus Senghaas. manager of \\W i M K,, e,' Osceola ". ,- ': "' ii e '1. Plate he.. pi j tilan 1- P.i.ne pc-plc a .ia', ni l "In ti
),i- .aill: al,:,! the iv.' t the ,the Rbd and Gun Club. enjoyed eJ t le -I. e h t .U f- -e ted u ,ttliutc ,'hu:h pal .t e-, i;It thiS t op ia '-.num nt of na- ta n
Pfd : .land Gun i CI lt tn accept eiftt: 5a triumph with his six-foot long ,a t t ell i t tl th. e e en I...ean a, d p I.. ..Ne passed tc .e. .. ne .
of te f,'or~ tichei,,,~n aboai id cake for the president shaped *That ~It l. Ku 'i a i,,r, l L ",qui1..' t- t V 'Ie s e ti- Senatnr Holland--The pee,,e f \\e
lth Po-id,,n. ,ne ',f ti.,, .p,-,ningi i like the state of Florida. with hat sec' t.- K ug's, a -i ma~ n iiate m.. .i aoe e .'c,: i ii i nute.. of Presiitent Truman ch.. the il- :itis of
l,,I at ftio,, Ta, n,:,n Si,, ines tied u ake Okechobee and the rivers f:le I l~ ':t ,i I o Sem tite Finery ...rtaice of this patk to out ai -.theri.
at hte l,. i. Ti. '.iitta sh.ok ".fl. blue icine and the names of -t a-- .fet hi A n atallUt i,1- A i.-.,un tile Cil.uit bi eight ,io..' .'."T e he
h.ai,,J w thii the f, heiieni and ehlat. ;the cities and outline of the park d th.. '.. "Te t "' [" l." i o- f cloi ina. l.:e tlhe pass- Go Caldwell-- Thi ia i'-v ri\e fr
ted bifl v ith, tle,. in orange. John D. Pennekamp e I e P i i a l' tlieJ d ,g of. Sc..-, le fn ir e of it oen t the .to by the people of la-t the
At the Rod a,,I G'3n, Cli,. where P pointed out to Mr. Truman that cla.e u- ut of. the Gi :- I Lh.lk: inui ly r...ni b. ,. lte w n ,e i F da in t ef peo ple to 'r tn e
lie Ite an all-Fl.:rida luncheon it even shot ed Kel West. :i \ rne place in tl.ee i e te b- the 513 S l,-,le p,.entt .e evei ei e r bound to ail th fn r man
vieti.iaed by I Minser Cla.s Seng-' a uan't fia." Late auti.aial hu.idle around the ,,the. tateR x. : Tix tate ha- many moi
haas, the lireJtent ',.a given an The president tool: a goodl-natuied -*:'ft Jriik :tai.J in tie grove i e- .c .ibute, more to.rd tle E\e- hIi t hec
al i,,.i r n .ai.. ,.o ,,li noiiC active cra ck at hi lcr'eta il: of th e in SH. t .C o Ieat ,oe l at,. i,,,,t h lf -r i taic- l iiekig ) P,- tii t.ieo 1e tu r d ti 0 1r a l ?sLd to
.t ii,,,,,. I,. the id, t ri.,'nl;Slri n. terioi, a h.ftv\ mant wht, weigh tO!l- jl.,l ht i f-i'r tihe n:wtl.,iX,;erl h pc full. for fI l it e el.' di.re> c'titt e'.S 'itti t t- L ,iei
"'Th ,i:.. I t,,, [lad to have i'"'Oe than 2llo poundi When the sale : lif ol an ,d.l: a l SaIm ti- but 'the i::, r.,:t o,. MP, .o e tI ard :, thiet i tio, al pa :'' nan Ci it
'thle.e" ai.' l ti prle pi enlt. 'I v.ill Seoinole pre.-ertetd Mi'. Tiutan Clioll o of the Spenem -Dae c:ate, m,,nt oi a a ,,t, olt der Sec etar Krug-.'i explNes Ith aniomnpar
tu in the albni, oeri to it,' dauIh- hi. slirt a!,d tl him the-., lha' one 'an fd. wondcig alud t. hy le n ld at e.e, ti di ect the tliai:,a i ppreciaiton of ti, fed- hand. "N
ter .',I-n I pet th, u,t wit.h It."- or Se' eta .v KK up ton, the piei- dl d' t Lta.y ,oL th. "\lai tya -' on- I l ,,,iie to, :t n ,,i, ,, ail..' iu ,t ,O e l,,. r n ilt rnd I thnlill thi l ion iD og
Stone C'rab Luncheton 'dent irii poed, I hope it's a big one. ," doa iS"n 'I" as:ed aii l i ia "It te IC thak the e uthIe ao r' i- -antti es
The mimerut .i.k i td if 01.ioa- 'Do?'' ,id Ia ilh ii t- had ei ittt ami tlty do I Ihiak11k tho, e 1.ho 'is'q as 'i.t c it nvui a
i.he iie frit tii a ,.. iA yellow plane trailing a lont pliain to Tiruian, that's wa iitt." ieedl a pc -' ial"iei t :,hible. Neve It a'aWat t
,Itell, tte i a lon s t ed banner. "See Silver Springs." SOem u.H.inzn .r i ,'Iio a apeL s there .i-c't Iut: corncrte, all- ut
t cruised back and forth oer the Se)n. H,:.ll.ard, leaning r: ,ni't a- plate o fiid i.. tia do milot tion. T if o o we
1t1- i,. le 11 "9id de. ltaae oi h- la- dedication ceremonies adlvertiiine hi bak It ,ii. chair :ir, tile pa- i f elat lledt g.. l to eat lTatln i ,r.p'tiiLt a.t eel"lathe t. vef r. I i
ef and -- e ofint let'elthhi g ,:,oo to eat thattI k.th,, 'f.,n ap et ates et.:Ine w e-,e a n'e i'e .
h. Sl f i .the rival tourist attraction. "\', h f-itn i. .d La-.i a cJ ill theii 1d .~ li
luei o I:e Ie ir a d t him ill?"rowled one of the i1 uohloi-.ted fiend. "Spc~ atI iree u i tu btJ gh the t'ng te \- lrln to be -i n .: ,e to
l:e i tie.h caleand Everglades Park committeemen. allied tile fienil. p'ltti, t1o tl e I.. "the t l fe'tl
.,-otlfc% LItI0 i'ne, i, ti'l'll Yet-c __v.'_'_. -lie t et a'.i-it % t.%, itt l'l i -.ti beautiful p-, the f,','_ei
ii l out at the .r t 1- bv Bot Wah Ne.se Red Rick. nrettv' A a- _-- acs. io, thhe ie alnet ..le '. \\t' htiltoll, itsil. e l is 'ite i ln I'. ot' aa tiu iol
Scut Be li3a and r Indi an whoriar i the natlnl I c,l: do it." iepliej tile enato. Fant La,- Mihae feart and
John Snitih .f Naei., anthem, vre a t lkin.T cosituniite otf "Ilie 'pe:sh is amheaidy w.i ititen.' Ht .i.w. h oiter thin
The pie--,leti t ea r;'ed a Ii1-i, fiinmied \thite buckskin. the ftimeI The ftinJi tii ted a'-a ,11 i Jiiil1ap Hoe \[ l, 1 btott-e drwoelrItirI
felt hta t i hll lint,, h -nd ut ,i of ihen skirt hlov.'Ing -.,ff sin-ha ti pointiI., theta ie lh.II .l ,I, hi ..r- O 3.'e,:,l.. 'he ,iari at,1 si tUt'c meE-li
%%,ic- it i the t ie A -hi t. a.,1 Ir il ath- hate l s. aho'.e .!tiit white hi-, e',,', ho ,. "'\\VeIl]. f-i, Heave,', :ale o. a,.,. lia-.itei ,r tji-r- Seiti les'r If
et. He v, i, ich It...Lke, if timt ,ae "tile h "i -,ow lrn doff.t e.ica tl l .t.
IuIe tC iie .ri ,l .lue ,nall.eiiC f and .-fe ie ointzl to the lo,:al Se i dntii-e tlelllt f li t a iai e as one of el Ol at
'm- cd at the -e-i-.itio.:u tite ,.'Ear- woolen \'.',tlt sl:ti t- v eec.,it' thi BA CK IN KEY WVESTP reifgmi -' te r Ft. -eof omite b ae
ioo h''i i- .." tv i, ee lent e.- ei iound 'aid replied. "N, they'd e K. Wet Dec. ,. p, P iebPrefer Free Eats "olie h
,tle 'ear nt e t \ Ih)i ," i'- h_''it T,_.tlt arl TetUtllret i tie tilt t hi ,. iI I -', l'd tihe catererr' f,:,d Conce-- h' il
lajt t), T'L n "- pped ti e.- Nohinidini-ei-a ie'et1dantt.i r ttntIiu all is Pitllet arld the
St t to N- 'Frak Ld',,i: d the For-t suoiti- \atS ,icih Ii ,- C'Itol' ap" 'psar to Ie friend o onse.ati
pi.c A ii"t.-,',,I .',,t t .,.f tiate 3'eIls H;gp l Slior Ban ili L itiool it I, ite- t itake a e ,- o ,. t _. "Vlat it '.,u :- unceasing
iat'tuhuitiit cli-iel tiete -.'.. TIle h4dtl a it nteil of tlihsia', a, ti v ilt -.-' atiori at thie ,iedcat:,-n .:f thile I t ?-t t one ':tt";Elr' .i ,- to!ies."
i,..,idlert i,,lt-d a.-_ I.? cli"tIed tlhe.p-rocoIeeediqu v' ient-t L..lo- u '. li ae.Natal Para Ei de N al Pr at E.er- ba, I-ee Ia- a tle t to the fit Plen
'b,,tIl I,W mImli, ft.-in the 401-iinute iig. hundiedt, hia alhealy e itei, li.l--gt soil n i '.ve, th.-. e eatitl free.' At this
flipl't 4 r. B--i- a i i,:a auoi,-ir't at were tamiino atri id ,,t ith, iiudhithlg No aut,:,in,.,-nient ,.'.a z iade as to p A lam,. e at te ,caI,;_i table- up-dLpaltted
Ie, \r:t 'iThe pl. ie delaitel t do, iffere, to t a itt, ii '. h- the ]ei dent v. illl let ii o t, pits hi- t.ory. Tile coius foir r the f
p .at 4:11'.i.~il.' "Notdii, doi g.'" said thei lXINr ghitoItI tContliued oil Pace Threeti I Cont

1 on the golf course at
454,000)-acre tropical area
to the hole country by
of the Interior Krue who
people of the nation" by
promised that the federal
actions second to none"
f park'"
dress followed a formal
talks by Senators Pepper
the palk movement and
and other notables and
Mr. Trumiian, smiling and
e-t vacation for the visit,
d obhlgmngly autographed
for those able to get
. He donned a paid of
ied stun glasses over his
pectacle.- as he came bare-
the rostruml but removed
fore arlsinc to read Ilis
rom the loose-leaf folder
xn leather covers which
s uses.
er 1-e66 LLons $ Z)nNq
d the president. "We have
tly safeguardled an ire-
..itiv~.a area. WVe have
F d.'dicate to tle use
L pe foi' all time. the
s National Park.
otect Rare Wildlife
s pak: we shall preserve
nlut. and poiljpano, bear,
crocodiles-and rare build
shall p protect hiundredF of
v.ld:life wiich iniiht
soon be extinct.
-nefit- our nation will de-
tinls dedication ','ill out-
rouingest of iin.
nationn ha- been practiced
decades and preached for
re. yet only in recent years
ole plain that w.-e cannot
corne.eriv ;e a hapisazaid
ieal mariner," Mr. Tiu-
tinued in mieasuried tones
led b,- ee;tures \ith his
o paitL cf Ol.ur cojnserld-
ran can be lightedd if we
make full iue cf oilr re-
aiid have full i-rotection
Utuie eriiergenrie7.
se b) Caieleisness
\,.a:te our c lirneLals bv
ininiii- aind Don ce.,irn \%e
be able to build the mach-
till the land. If v.e \aste
t bv catele-, luniberinl,
lark lhouinil and con-
naterials for factory,
mine. If we waste the
ough failure to build ly-
c pants. we shall burn
'.:e of coal and o;l need-
we nAate our soll through
Id failure to repleni..l our
shall rde.tro.y the source
iple's food.
attle for coniser'.ation can-
itited to the winning iof
uests. Like liberty itself,
ion niuit be fouglit for
ly to protect earlier vic-
ty of Hogs Around
pointt the chief executive
from Ilii prepared text
rst and only tiiie to in-
inued on Page Two)

r'~-~-'~-~---------------- :~'v~--'-- -
c~ ~-' ~

t" sp

1E--11 1 I. 1 I i -.,Il- ii urn llllf it[ Ietl I 1 l.Il M ,l A Clilf Jf il
ul I-. I1t 1 i l'i,. c- i.t \\ intr e i c itil .,Jh in. ,,. ininiltl .r s, parl k inmtrni
uut die ML mie D)u.c-ir (lot egroundj, Hubert Hill and Blirb.aid Lee Hendei

issluio. f )i hi l hi
tamI at E~englades.

I I S llI' t1 1 A L. j. Se rtL .l uf i'i, l;,-,r i, Ig.
Ih lllldI l b' Iiti'rlil~li otll lllu d m i.ii ges i:ecltltl i E\Cr-
glade., National I'nrk iom the -,tale.

NA 1 14 )N A L ''lti .11-TV ci.; dedi'ca I i~fiu 1 ';ii' Irr Imi-c rejille i'sm' ith porntable
INI~ttletirti Ii;L( hl~tnt- tle iii i h trt'iiuiiI 1111d I phi.*idtutplmpc clu,,Cred bCloi e peahoeri
-tamtl, all bu). at) Piesident 'ITruman delikert addre'es.


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Truman Lauds Glades Park as Link in National System


Everclades. Dec. 6-.-Pi-Presi- p
dent Truman's speech dedicating f'
the Everglades National Park fol-

Not often in these demnanling p
days are we able to lay aside the t
problems of the times, and turn to i
a project whose great value lies in ,:
the enrichment of the ihumian spir- n
it. Today we mark the achieve- Il
milent of another great conserva- I.
tion victory. W\\ have per'laeirnt- ti
ly safeguarded an irreplaceablIe ti
primitive area. We have as'em-
bled to dedicate to the ise of all
the people for all time, the Ever- t
glaile_ National Park. e
Here in Everglades City we can
si.' r the atmosphere of this Ieai-
tifl tropical area. Southeast r.f
us lies the coast ocf the Evergladi- a
Park, cut by island aiIn estuaries.
of the Gulf of Mexico. Here are tl
deep rivers. giant geoves of color-
ful milaigrovne trees, prairie iiinrsh-
et and iinnuiierahi-. lakes and i
streams. t
Save Tarpon. Crocodiles
In this park we shall preserve ft
tarponl, trout andl pompano. bear, ti
deer and croco l le -and rare birds d,
of great beauty. We lshall protect n
hundreds of kinds of v wildlife which u
lin hlit otherv.'ise s-oon I:e extinct.
The benefits cour nation ,ill de- I
rive from this dedication v ill out-
last thie youiig~ et of us. They will f
increase with the pa sage of the
years. Few actions could make a
more la'tinri contribution t. tthe d
enjoyn:'mient of the American people
thcni the establis.ihment of the Ev-.
L4-kt-Nf,,nat Park. n
Our national park system is a-
clear expression of the idealism of
the American people. Without le-
gard for sectional rivalries or for
party politics, the nation lias ad-
vanced constantly in the last 75
years in the protection of its natu-
ral beauties and 'vc-ndors.
National Park System
Thle s.uccres- of our efft',?t to
cornerve the scenery andl wildlife
of the country can be mleatsured in
popular use. The niati.oial park
s:,-tern cnvers but a fraction of ne
per cent of tlie arca of the United
States, but over 25t million of our
feill,:w icountrynen have visited our
national parks within the past
year. Each citizen returned to his
hoirne with a refreshed spirit and a
greater appreciation of the majes-
ty and beauty of our country.
These are the people's parks.
owned by young and old. by those
in the cities anl those on the farms.
Most of them are ours today be-
cause there were Aniericarn manny
years ago v ho exercised vision, pa-
tience, and tuis-elfi.h devotion in
the battle for conservation.
Each national park possesses
qualities distinctive enough to make
its preservation a matter of con-
cern to the whole nation. Certain-
ly, this Everglades area has more
than its share of features unique
to these United States. Here are
no lofty peaks seeking the sky, no
mighty glaciers or rushing streams
wearing away the uplifted land.
Here is land, tranquil in its quiet
beauty, serving not as the source
of water but as the last receiver of
it. To its natural abundance we owe
the spectacular plant and animal
life that distinguishes this place
from all others in our country.
Shrines of America
Our park system also embraces
such national shrines as James-
town Island, the Statue of Liberty,
and the battlefields of Yorktown
and Gettysburg. These historic
places-as much as the scenic areas
-also need to be protected with all
the devotion at cur command in
these days when we ar-, learning
again the importance oif an under-
standing loyalty to our national
Our parks are but one part of
the national effort to conserve our
natural resources. Upon these re-
otiurces ,our life as a nation de-
pends. Our high level of employ-
ment and our extraordinary pro-
duction are being limited by scarc-
ities in some items of our natural
wealth. This is the time to devel-
op and replenish our basic re-
Conservation has been practiced
for many decades and preached for
many more, yet only in recent
years has it become plain that we
cannot afford to conserve in a hap-
hazard or piecemeal manner. No
part of our conservation program
can be slighted if we want to make
full use of our resources and have
full protection against future
Opposes Waste
Tf we waste our minerals by
careless mining and processing, we
shall not be able to build the mach-
inery to till the land. If we waste
the forests by careless lumbering,
'.e shall lack housing and construct-
iol materials for factory, farm,
and mine. If we waste the water
through failure to build hydroelec-
tric plants, we shall burn our re-
serves of coal and oil needlessly.
If we waste our soil through erosion
and failure to replenish our fields,
we shall destroy the source of our
people's food.
Each conservation need is de-
pendernt on tire others. A slashed
and burned forest brings erosion
of uplands and fills downstream
reservoirs with silt so that water
power is lessened and irr;rrated
farms lose their water surplie'.
Eroded farmlands contribute to
devastating floods, uncontrolled
riveis mean lost electrietty, farms
without water, and perennial and
Increasing flood danger.
To maintain our natural wealth
we must engage in full and com-
plete conservation of all our re-
Full Conservation
Full conservation of our energy
resources can be accomplished by'
continued construction of dams, hy-
diroelectr ic plants aind transmits ion

lines; bv greater use of natural
cRs, by research for more efficient
methods of extraction of coal and
oil. and Ly exploration for new re-
In forests, conservation can be
achieved by adhering to the prin-
ciple of sustained yield and forest
management so that timber is har-
vested each year as other crops
are. This should be true for both


tainlv the lofty spirit of its people,
the daily cooperation, the helpful-
ness of one citizen to another are
elements. A nation's ability to pro-
vide a good living for its people in
industry, busine's, and on the farmn
is another. The intell-gent reco:'-
nition by its citizens of a nation-'s
responsibility f or wor d order,
world peace, and vorild lecov.er, is
still another.
The wise un.e i--f our natural re-
souirces is the f:tundation of our
effecrivene-s in all these effort.
The pr.-.bleIis of .easce, like thlioe
of v. i. require colnIage aiind su -
tained effi t. If we wiih this n-tiion
to remainr prosperous. if ,'.e wish it
till to he "'the home of tie free."
w-as can have it so. But, if .\e fail

to heed the lesson of other nations
which have permitted their natural
resources to be wasted and destroy-
ed, then we shall reap a sorry har-
ves t.
And for conservation of the hu-
man spirit, we need places such as
Everglades National Park where
we may he more keenly aware of
our creator's infinitely varied. in-
finitely beautiful, and nfinitelv
bountiful handiwork. Here we nlma
draw strength and reace of mind
front our suirounidings.
Here \ e can truly understand
wvhar the r salmist meant when he
sane: "He maketh me to lie down in
cren pa-tures. He leadeth me be-
isde the stiil waters; he restoreth
miv so.ul."

rivatelv owned and publicly. owned ne-v conquests. Like liberty itself,
arrestt land'., cinserration nmut he fought for un-
In farmland, conservation can be ceasingly to protect earlier victor-
chie'ved by expanding and inten- ies.
ifying the many soil conservation Selfish Raids
lactices developed by our agricul- Public lands- and parks, our for-
iral technician, to sustain product- ests ad our mineral reserves, are
'ity. The area of irrigated land subject to niany' dest ucti-ie nfli-
an be expanded material- with ence.. We have to Iemailn ci.i-
ew reclamation projects. Range stantly vi.ilant to prevent raids b,-i
inds in the .'es-t can be protected thosee w.hio vc.iild sefishly expl'-lit
, the control of erosion and L:v our icoinion heritage for their pii-
.e enforcement of 'afp limits on ..ate -a nm. Siieh rai; on our nat-
ie number! of grazlrip stock. rural It- ;.i'.'es are not examrplers of
Mineral Deficiencies enterprise and initiatr.'e. The, are
In rminerals., wwe can coere clr.ser attenripts to take from all the pea-
Sthe pl'o, er balance \il.h in- rile for the benefit of a few
leased efficienev in extraction and A.- always in the pa-t when the
.ith scientitic' exploration for ne.' people's porirnTrtv has been ftheat-
,serves. When ores contain sr.e- ended. men and nAjmern whooe pvi-
!ai ininerals. we should extract imary Lconcern lin been their c.-un-
ll thie useful pirodu.:ts and va' te tr.y's w lfare -hat'.e li en to i ppollis
one.. Despite a bounteou; nature, th,--.e 'rlf-ih attack. We can be
his country has never been self tiiail.t;iil f.-, their effort', a-s e
efficient in all minerals. We have can I:-e grat--ftil for the eff-rt- of
Ivays imported minerals to rneet citizen., pii.vto groupp, local eov-
hese deficiencies and we must con- ernrnent'. and the state of Florida
inue to do so. whic .joined in contrion purpose,
In water, w.e need to prevent have inmade ipo,.iblle the: estaii.h-
urther dropping of the viater nitent of the Ev.erglades National
able, which in niaiy areas i' Pcik:.
aiseriouirlv low. Surface water The establi-ilntent nf tIis park
Iuist be stjtoed, and ground water is an ,b)je't lc._-:,n and an iexr-ilple
ised: in such a wa.ny as to cauS.ie tllh t, the entni e i.-iti:.-i that s-ound ,o-n-
east depletic.n. Although thie rater iervation depends upon the iio.it
evel is hieh novw here in the Ever- endeavors of the people ind their
iades. tliere has been danisaee s-ev.eral goverinmnilits. Responib;hil-
lci a lowered fiesh-,water table, itv is hliared by tlhe town,i the state.
nd. during tilhe wai, fl.e ramgeI an.ti tih federal g-ov'ertn'ient; \ so-
hr-oiugh the Glalei--fire- fed .i b..ieties and leeislatires and all
ry I rai ss vliich tlhould hav.'- .cieen l.-.ve;-r of int.ire.
,:,,'eed I..v a\ater. Great Npoiun
The battle for conservation caRn- No man can knovr.. -er', element
ot be iiited to the 'inning of that makes a nation grcat. Cec-

*, ,,

eamorandau relating to the Miami Metrepolis' Article
on "Jennings Enott Allianse*, with references to
Minutes of the Trustees of the Internal Improvement Fund.

S I T 8.
As General counsel I handled twenty-one suit
successfully involving all of the lands owned by the Trustees
of the Internal Improvement FuTd, aggregating four million
areso, and railroad land grant claims against the Fund
aggregating approximately eight million aores. (See Report
December 81, 1907, and Dee. 31, 1908.)

Second, settlement with the ,. & N. Railroad
Company and its transfer of 1,049,000 acres embraced in land
Wiener Land Comapany.
(See Report February a3, 1908)
Open granted 578,807 area total acres embraced
in oertifieates issued by former Boards of the Trustees of
the Internal Improvement Fund agreeing to convey the lands
when patented aggregattug 888,455 acres total 960,638
aores. $13,4S6.57 in money, and 10, 000 shares of land
scattered about in various Counties of Florida was the
basis of settlement for the assignment and transfer to the
State School Board of all of the certificates, approximately
300,000 acres and land grants of approximately 660,000 \
acres, and the assignment of their claim to indemnity lan4

aggregating 436,663 acres, -(Pages 318-331-333, Minutes of \
February 15, 1908.) for which settlement special appreciation

/ -

: 1?
ii ,-


SEND the following Telegrani, subject to the terms
on back hereof, which-are hereby agreed to.



.U gaaBe+.et t. n, w i l rifl

4tW111 4 bast attt
Attenta @**SlMa4


L-AM -:..1
.- I . .. _' K: '.;;*-
EC '
# .

t p f. l a.,?, -,

t qarm &w fl, ae .:

o ern _r t ..

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wqs expressed by a aeagratulatory telegram from Governor

Land Sales.
(Minutes ane 3, 1908, page 861.) uggtitations
Sale of 87,480 acree at $8.00 per aore when I was
authorized to make the sale at 1.05 per aore 6,423 a orep
at 83.00 per acre when I was authorized to make ,th smale
at $1.a6 per aQoea and was paid t$,390 oommiseion.
(Page 446 inUte. October 16, 1908)
The resolution authorizing the payment of the 5%
Csemiseion oa the sale Messrs. Oroome, oLna and Breward toted
to pay it as agreed t aaott voted fe. (See page 447).

Later ale of 80,000 acres to the Davie Realty
Company (See page 471, Minutes of Dec. 5, 1908). Also the
vote on the payment of the commission for sales on the $100,000.
sale amounting to #,750, whieh was Oarried by votes of Messrs
Crooe, loIda and Browardj Mr. Enott voting No. (Page 474.)

The certificates signed by former Boaxrd read in
part that
"In Sonformity with the Act of the Legislatuvo
aforesaid do hereby certify that said railroad
company namingg it) is entitled to said lands
(partil larly describing the same therein) when-
eter the same shall have been patented by the
United States under Aot of Legislature of Septem-
ber 28th, 1880, and that upon receipt of suoh
Patent by the State the said Trustees will con.
vay said lands to the said company, its oucosesors
and assigns.'
(Minutes of October 6th, 1908, page 489)

1. 8, Jennings, acting as Agent for the Trustees in
sales of land. (YMnuteo Opt. 32, 1908, Page 44T7)
JSTXNINS' RE"ICGNATIOW: In this language
"It appearing t% this transaction from the state-
ment of Ev-Gov. Jennings that he desires the
Trustees to understand that in submitting this
proposition he was acting in the oapaoity of
the representative of Mr J Bolles, and
that in passing upon the contracts and deeds
to be drawn thereunder he preferred that the
Trustees be represented by other counsel. There-
fore the Truatsee requested Attorney General
Ellis to represent them in closing the seid

(Page 491 D3oamber 16, 1908.)

See also letter of January 28, 1909 Minutes page
33, cling attention to resignation December 168 1908, and
to matters pending heeding attention. Also see second letter
on Page 34,
The Board then consisted of N. B. Broward, Governor;
A. 0. Croom, Comptroller; W. V7. Knott, State Treasurer; W. E.
Ellis, Attorney General, and MoLin, Commissioner of Agrioulture,-
all present.
Attorney General E21l presented draft of contract
between the Trustees and Bo&les. (Page 503 Minutes of
Dec. 24, 1908) All members of Trustees present.
Memorandum of lands and disposition, August 6,
1904, page 533. Minutes of December 1908. Patented
133,837 aores.
Disposed of prior to August 60 1904, 2.7056,933
acres, balance 3,076,000 acres..
Resolution of Appreoiation.
In connection with Jennings' resignation the Trus-
tees passed a resolution as follows:
S8 -

r W

'The Trustees in taking the abpve action desire
to compliment tha General Counsel of the Trustees,
Ex.Gov. W. S. Jenning- together with former
Attorney General Eis, on the ability in whioh
litigation against the Trustees has been ucooese-
fully termiinated. The knr:'efledged acquired by
Ex-Gov. Jennings during his term as Governor of
the State of 'loridea bha made him an extremely
valuable man as Counsel in matters relating to
the affairs cf the Trudites."
(Fage 35, Minutoa of January 30, 1909.) New
Administration Present: Albert W. Gilohrist, Governor; A. ,C
Crooa, Oomptroller 7 V. Knott, Stc.te Treasurer; Park Trammel,
Attorney Gereral, and B. E. MoLin, Conmmissioner of Agrioulture.

Jennings Afterwards Imployed.
Attorney General Tra m~ell reported in connection with
the Peters' oase against the Trustees pending in the United
States Court of Appeals in New Orleans that he
*Wade a personal visit to see Hen. W. e. .Jernning
relative to said ease and the reinstatement thereof;
that Gov. Jannings stated that while on account of
his relationship with Mr. Belles he was not in
position to assume any fiduciary relations with the
Trustees of a general nature, that he could and was
willing if the Trustees so desired to be employed
in this special case at a reasonable fee to be agreed
upon by the Trustees and himself."
(Page 53 Klnu.tee of Tebruary 23, 1909) which was followed by
resolution at a meeting of the Trustees February 24, 1909, as
*Resolved by the Trustees of the Tnternal Improve-
ment nda that the Attorney Beeral is hereby re-
queated to communicate with Hon. W. ,. Jennings
as to what his fee will be to cooperate with the
Attorney General in the conduct of this case.'
(Page 55)
On the 35th of February, 1909, a proposition was
accepted and the Attorney General was authorized et advise
Hon. W. S. Jennings that the above proposition is accepted.
(Page 57)


Palatka & Indian River Railway Company's Certificate.
134,400 acres. Settlement: See Minutes of June 17, 1610
Qilohrist, Croom, Enott, Trammell and 40oln, Trustees, page
4151 also opinion of Attorney General Tra.meill, page 417,
June 17, 1910, reviewing the history and status of the vertl-
ficate made under Act of Legislature of 1881, and the certifi-
oate issued by the Trustees of the i. 1. Fund on December
31, 1886, which read in part, describing definitely the
lands covered thereby, that -
'The Trustees who made the certificate or their
successors in office would deed the land covered
thereby when patented to the State," etc.
"trom these faots it is my opinion that the certi-
ficate is of binding force against the Trustees,
and that the applicant for deed is legally en-
titled to a deed to that part of the land conveyed
by sai certifioate which has been transferred to
S is opinion being in line with the opinion
of the former General Counsel of the Trustees who
recommendeAd the purchase of the other half of this
(Signed) Park Trammell, Attorney
General, page 418, Minutes June 17, 1910. Thereupon, the
Trustees ordered the deed to issue. (Page 418)

The proceedings relating to the settlement with the
f, E. C,. Ry. Company appear in the Minutes of the Trustees under
date of December 14 1913 at page $98 4 6i1, and shows by ex-
tended minute of the transaction the adjustment and settlement
of many land laims aggregating upwards of three million acres,
including -
'Lands the Legislature reserved to grant the
railroad companies under stated conditions, the
alternate sections of swamp and overflowed lands
for six miles an either side of said railroads.'
(Page 60 -* Minutes Deo. 14, 1912.)
Therefore, there was involved in the settlement
adjustments of rights and lands that had long previously thereto

6 5-

vested In the railroad company, and never was vested in the Inter-
nal Improvement Fund. (See Aet of the Legialature oreating
Trustees, January 6, 1855.)

IW, Dawhurat.
The Minutes show that W7. Wo, Dewhurst represented the
F, E. C. Railway Company in thle adjustment and settlement
(Page 611, Minutes of Dec. 13, 1914) which Minutes are signed
by Albert W. Gilohrist, Governori V. o, nott, Comptroller;
Park TramAell, Attorney General) J. C. LMing, State Treasurer,
and W A. MoRae, Coomassioner of Agriculture, and by the Presi-
dent and Secretary of the Railway Co:mpaay.
The record shows that I did not appear before the
Trustees as Counsel for the F. El . Railway Company in either
of the settlement naaed or made.
The record further shows that I resigned the only
fiduciary relationship that Z had enjoyed, if any, Deoember
15, 1908 four years before this transaction.
The record further shows that when my services were
further sought in the cases pending in the U. S. Court of
Appeals at New Orleans, that I explained to Attorney General
Trammell at the time that I oould/aooept anW fiduciary rela-
tionship with the Trustees, but that I would be willing to
represent then if they so desired in the pending litigation,
all of which has been don and very agreeably and satisfactorily
disposed of. My gelationahip with the various Stato Offioials
fer twenty-five years has been excelleds. No favors have been
granted. When I have had business before theMa Z have undO-
taken to prepare the proposition in a meritorious manner, and

have never presented a proposition that I did not consider
meritorious, and have rested entirely upon the merit of the
I have never had any entangling alliances with any
State official.
I never purchased an oare of land from the Trustees
of the Internal Improvement Fund or the State authorities during
my four years in office.
I have nevme purchased a aore of land from the
Trustees or State officials directly or indirectly, nor ens
joyed any beneficial results arising therefrom during my four
years' service as General Counsel, and as agent in the salee
of lands prior to my resignation to represent Mr. Bolles,
sinoe which time X have had no ftducaizr relationship with the
State, its boards or officials, and so gLy aso know I have
been at liberty to transact business with them as other men,
though I have not done seo and though eleven years have passed
since my term of office X have never purchased any lands from
the Trustees or any State official; either have any of the
companies that I have been interested it so far as I recall,
and the only transactions that any company that I am interested
in haM had with the State officials has been in the matter
of exchangl a two or three seetions/land 1a blocking qp areas
that was supposed to be o mutual advantage and of llr value,
and notwithstanding my xpix ten years* labors in connection
with the Everglades, owning more or lens lands, or interested
in companies owning lands in the Everglades, I have never
received as proceeds grwoing out of the sales oflands in the
Everglades owned by either myself or companies that I am inter.
tested sax n $ exceeding $4500.00.

.?T .

SWhy Bryan Jennings Stresses Impor-

tance'of Forestry Board and Tick

As a candidate for the Legislature, Group No. 2, he
offers as the main plank of his platform constructive views
Stwo of the greatest problems affecting Florida's present
and future prosperity and development.
Number One-Lumber Industry.
Th'e State of Michigan with her so-called "inexhaust-
ible forests" now ships in from the West thirty million
dollars' worth of forest products per annum. Florida uses
a7 one bi.-ion feet of timber for saw-mill purposes, and two
/hundred million feet for crate material. In ten years, if
all of the orange groves now planted come into bearing,
this item will more than double. These figures do not take
into account the vast amount of lumber used in cross-ties.
S Twenty per cent of the saw-mills of the South have been
Y shut down in the past. two years for lack of raw material.
Are we going to let the rest close down? Col. W. B.
S Greeley, Chief Forester of th'a, United States Forestry
Service, says Florida will in fifteen years be shipping in
timber from the West. "'hat will lumber cost when this

here are great possibilities in forestry work.
France produces one-quarter as much naval stores as
the entire United States, and uses a territory of twenty-
nine hundred square miles. Duval, Baker, Clay, Nassau
and St. Johns Counties have 3,212 square miles, or occupy
a territory larger than the entire forests of France. Four
times t-lis area, worked according to proper methods, would
produce as much naval stores as the entire United States
is now producing, and after working the trees for fifty
years, the trees are used for lumber; while after seven
years, under our method, 25 to 75% of the trees are dead'
or burned up.
The Carolinas in 1840 produced all the naval stores in
the United States; ten years later they produced 90, ; in
S 1900. 9% and after only 80 years of working the trees
Produce five-tenths of one per cent. Today, 'Florida pro-
duces one-lalf of the naval stores of the United States.
Shall we destroy this industry, and in doing so destroy
our lujb indus 5 or create a State Forestry Board,
'wiT authority o employ a forester to study our situation
and devise methods of protecting our forests.
-- The Other-The Cattle Industry.
For failure to eradicate the cattle tick Florida is quarantined
on all sides against the shipnient of cattle, and as a result Florida
cattle have depre lated from 330.00 to $S.OU per head. Estimating
Florida cattle at two million head her depreciation created a not
lois of f44,i'00.000.0), or about $14.(i0 for ever' man, wom,a and
chil.l In Florida. In addition to this l:s5 Florida is spending '16,-
i: In,).00.no per annum for dair. products that could be produced at
honnie i It w'ere not for the tick. Flcrida, can. will and muEr dip
its call, and A .dlcate the rcttle tick, so that the mnar-:ets of th-
world will bi, open to her grera cattle industry.
If elected to, the Ltgislature I will work for a Stat- For-i.:sir
Purrd, r.. provided for in the bill Introduce by Senator Ovor..roet
:n the last session of the LegisLature, and for : S.at WIda Corn-
pulsory Dipping Law that will meet with the rei-uirements of the
r'nitcd States Department of Animal Induitry, so that Federal Tick
ccr.tr,' will be no Jonger necessary:. Lanl the qlurantln- !,fted
tf you believe that we need leglslat;..n frr forest presariation
arrl ticlr eradlhaticn I will aprpreciate your vote and support.
(Pa;d Political Advertltenient)



Florida I-





Charles J. Williams Is Sports Devotee
Charles J. Williams, president of Moore Dry Kiln Company and Moore
Pipe & Sprinkler Company, known to his Jacksonville friends as "Hickory"
and well-known to lumbermen throughout the nation and particularly in
his native Southland, is an ardent sportsman and fancier of bird dogs.
There is nothing he loves better than a day in the woods. In fact, during
the hunting season, one is by no means sure of finding Mr. Williams in his
"Hickory" Williams has been a lover of field sports all his life, and with
the passing years that love grows stronger. He owns a number of fine dogs,
but the current joys of his life are Hickory's Daniel Boone, a registered
pointer dog, Davy Crockett, a white pointer puppy, and two setters-
Doctor Pepper and Captain.
Both of these setters have won at field trials and Captain took first
place in the shooting dog stakes at the last Jacksonville field trials.
Hickory's Daniel Boone undoubtedly ranks with the best bird dogs in the
South. At the Orlando Field Trials last fall, he captured the open all-age
stake event of the Florida Pointer and Setter Club's field trials at Switzer-
land, near Jacksonville.
The opening event of the trials at Switzerland, the Members' Puppy
Stake, was won by Davey Crockett, and a very bright future is predicted for
this dog. In reporting this contest, the American Field said: "Davey really
Sipped out for a puppy of his tender age and looked as if he \'err- hunting
birds "-Frrom Southern Lumber Journal, February, 1941.

Florida Collection of the University of
Florida Library

(Continued from Page 33)
of the Floridas; more particularly of East Florida, 1821; the Report of the
Jacksonville Auxiliary Sanitary Association, of Jacksonville, Florida, cover-
ing the work of the Association during the Yellow Fever Epidemic, 1888,
edited by Charles S. Adams; John Lee Williams' A View of West Florida,
embracing its Geography, Topography, etc., with an appendix of its antiquities,
1827; William F. Bartram's Travels through North and South Carolina, Geor-
gia, East and West Florida, the Cherokee Country, etc., 1792.
The Library and the University appreciate the many gifts which have
helped to make the Florida Collection possible.
Anyone wishing to secure information or to do research on Florida topics
may use material from this collection in the Library. The difficulties exper-
ienced in obtaining much of the material an dthe impossibility of replacing it
if lost have made it advisable to limit the use of Florida materials to use in
the Library building in order to preserve it for future generations.


The story of May Mann Jennings,
Florida's best loved public figure, is
one of unquenchable faith, of selfless
devotion to the State of Florida. But
above all else it is a story of courage-
courage to go on when death had be-
reaved her of the one most dear, cour-
age to achieve despite heartbreaking
obstacles, to carry out alone the plans
they had made together for civic bet-
terment. That is the keystone of Mrs.
Jennings' character.
And it is her courage, combined with rare integrity and tact, plus a
degree of practical political horse-sense long the despair of opponents, that
explains the unique position she occupies in the affection and esteem of the
people of Florida. It was not for naught that when Mrs. Jennings was
awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws by Stetson University in
1931 in recognition of her distinguished public service to the State, the late
Dr. Lincoln Hulley, in conferring the degree, remarked that its recipient
had doctored more laws than anyone else in the State. Much to their im-
provement, it should be added.
Few indeed are the women, or men either, whose interest and whose in-
fluence in public affairs have steadily broadened and deepened over a period
of fifty years; but since 1891, when the young May Mann attended the meet-
ing of the Florida legislature at Tallahassee with her senator father, this
remarkable woman's devotion to Florida's betterment, its beautification, the
welfare of its people, the conservation of its natural resources, has never
As the inspiration and "right-hand man" of her husband, the late great
Governor William Sherman Jennings, Mrs. Jennings has been generally
credited with playing no small part in the progressive and broadly con-
structive nature of his policies, such as for example, the reclamation and
drainage of the Everglades and its eventual transformation into a National
Park. As such, it must stand as a monument to his memory, and to the
devotion of the woman who labored to make that dream come true. It was
to his v.ifeZ&' slon, charm and keen political inlight that-Go.vernpr Jennings
ataributed a large narie of his rapid rile in publicc life. ft :'..a natural ofi his
death that May Mann Jennings was able to rise above her grief and carry on.
The list of her achievements is a staggering one. Not a single enterprise
dedicated to the public welfare, past, present or future, but enlists her ready
and sympathetic support. Artistic to her fingertips, as versatile in private life
as in her public career, a bewildering diversity of interests attests the rich
variety of her mind. Through them all, however, runs a single connecting
thread-a warm-hearted love of humanity, an artist's love of natural beauty
and determination that it should be preserved in one of the most beautiful
of states.
Truly "She hath a natural wise sincerity, a simple truthfulness, and these
have lent her a dignity as moveless as the center."

Compliments and Best Wishes of


Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

J. F. Divine, Asst. Mgr.

Mrs. Windle W. Smith, Owner-Mgr.

Jacksonville's Most Popular Medium Priced Hotel
Forsyth Street, Adams Street and City Hall Park

s~-7~---7 ,-








Petitions Asking That roceedgs
Be Instituted To Secure Bote
Systems Be Circulated
Among Voters


Council Committee Reports Rail-
road Will;Sell Waterworks On
Appraised Value, But
Nothing Binding

Members of the 'Vtter;' Civic league
fear there is a ''nigger in the woodpde,."
and fail to find anything binding in the
statement made.by trustees of the Flagler
estate to members of the Miami city coun-
ci that tbiy will sell the city waterworks
to the municipality at ari appraised value,
and they therefore reaffirlt rth:ir demand
that the city proceed along the original
lines and secure the waterworks and the
electric pLut by condemnation. Under the
a.,reempnt between the council comnit-
tee and the Flagler trustees, the wat r-
works only are to be blght. The civic
league favors the purchase of the water-
works and the electric, light piant togeth-
er. being opposed to the pucbhase of the
waterworks j3 stem aLine.
"It is a well-known f rct that the
waterworks system is practically worth-
less, that the pipes are old, rusty, and cor-
roded, and must be replaced in many
streets bceau.e they are too small," said
one member of the league. "But the
electric light plant ii a 'going concern,'
produces a revenue, and by buypn the. two
the light plant profit' will'pay the waeter-
...z.orks,.iilit J oiE.stssi"' .._ ._ .
i-invoke 'ihe e Inlatjive. .
Thhat the people may have a voice in tht,
matter and decide as to t.l- lirchase of
either or both the plants, the league. da-
cided Inst night to.invoue the initiative,
and 'by petition force the council .to take
the desired action. Attorney W. I. Evans
made the motion, and offered- to prepare.
the petition and also the' rsiblution which
the council will be called on to pasi-upon
the presentation of the petitions which,
must be signed by 15 percent of the reg-
istered voti-rs of the city. A committee
of te-n will circulate these petitions among
the electorate, the committee being coui-
liosed of W. I. Ev-ans, C. H.' Neeb. C. A.
Lindstrom. H. W. Scott, Frank Baker,
T. 13. Armstrong, Percy Tlireadgiil, M.
E. Fidler, Ray.M. Wiley and E. C. Stahl.
Horace W. Scott, reeretary f the
Ireagua, has a ci:nipl.tr; list of the regis.
t red voters of the city, and the commit-
tee will begin the circulating of the peti-
tion tomorrow.
Want Binding Agreement.
"Where i .there any binding agreement
with the railroad comilany that it w-ill
sell the waterworks to the city at the val-
uation placed upon the system by a board
of appraisers asked C. H. Neeb. "They
tell us, this committee of the council that
went to Ntlw York and Washington for a
joy ride, that they have such an agree-
nient, but it i., verbal as far as I kunw. If
it was in writing .ou can be sure they
would have ruihied into inrint with it."
"What looks especiiaill bao in the ver-
bal report of the committee to the coun-
cil," said l~r. Evans, "is that the council-
men were so cordially received by the rail-
road beads in New York. The railroad
people up there did not welcome our coun-
cilmien 'with pen arms' for nothing, they
have something back, and'you can be stre
theie is some loop-hole through which
they cau craw out if the appraisers set
a price on the waterworks not agreeable
witli the present owners.
Court Action be Rinding.
"We should proceed aloug the lines as
laid dowu by the lans, condemn the
plants, let a jury of Dade county men fix
the value; then there will be a court or
der and nut a verbal agreement, and the
city can be in possession of the tw.'o sy.vs-
tems in two months' time."
A week ago Mr. Evans presented a
lengthy written opinion outlining the
method of procedure necessary to the se-
curing by the city of possession of both
the waterworks and electric light plants.
He quoted extensively from statutory law
and tourt decisions, and the Voters' Civic
league desires to proceed in accordance
with the plan as outlined iu that legal
"Section 10 of chapter 6SU6 of the laws
of Florida." reads one paragraph of this
opinion. providedl that within 10 days
after the rendition of the judgement the
petitioner Ithe city) shall pay the court
for the use of the defendant Ithe water
and tight companies; the compensation
asee-tained by the jury. oi else the pro-
ceedlngs shall be null and void, unless for
good case further time, not exceeding 30
days, be allowed by the court."
The attorney explained that the cor-
poration must sell the plants to the city
for the price awarded by the jury, but
that the city can after the award is made
decline to complete the purchase by not
paying into the court within the 10-day
period the purchase pi ce.
"Joy Rille" Not Authorized.
During the discussion, .Mr. Neeb said
be would like to know why the council
sent a, committee tu -New York to see
the owners of tbe waterworks system af-
ter the committee of the whole. represent-
ing every civic body--Chanmbrr of Com-
; (Continued on Page Five)

L R f I Highest temperature yesterday.....80
S. Lowest temperature last nlgMH... 72





WhIt's an a amlel MIAMIANS 1ETU. 8 ....BE MAUISING WATER' IN 26 DEAD, 1000 INJURED

a; sweetut in the nay it is ard ind'd e ITO PALM EA H CROPSD D oR
else if one is a -ewly-married yeoman, RE TH UIA I
iette. MORe is n e ENTHC OF GIC CIT I ALM BEACH RO S Potential Arm With Rifles and
Enlisting under one name is one thing i I Mach;ine Gns Resting On Arms
and being discharged under another is a Machine n
complicated affair when Uncle Samn, un- Number Of Business Men Got Back Prperty Owr Getting TogetherRotary Club Of Up-State Town To Prevent Future
winding the yards of necessary red tape,
persistently refuses to recognize the new Today and Tell Of Great On Prop- i& To Widen May Seek To Remove Dam Disturbances
name. Therp is a recently-wed ye..man- Comin U L W T IJ I U ,UUILI1111TIL1II ___ae
ette at the Dinner Key station and her Crowds Coming Here Stret itween Sixth -Which Is Holding Back ---
case is puzzling the officials there. The Next Winter a 'ddell the Water BEST CONCENTRATION OF
.poblem i this: Congress passed a bill ex a -- POLICE SINCE HAYMARKETI
requiring the discharge of all women yeo- ----L T H[L.N.'
man by August 1; Miss Ann Pope cannot Little variation is noted in theb reports Avenue B,.t fifth avenue of Miami, (Soreal taro ai relroDou .s C "
autrborities k.w that her name is legally ami h business mn who hae been in the thoroughlare it ity, extep.t Twelfth the result of discussir.ns at the Rotory Early Action By. War Department Governor Lowden Hesitates To
b b d"aaAnn Popebecause 'local brought back today by number of Mi- with high-lasr, .:hops and the wvide.t WEST PAL N s BE AC H, JulyO .r.-- As
Mrs. Charles A. Poll. ek. Nether can se north-all lre that Miami is by far street. ub luncheon hour yesterday that bod Order Troops To Take Charge
be discharged as Mrs. Pollock, because the bet .:.u uthe ever saw and that That is the of owners of prt-- Las undertaken the task of preventing the In Devising'Plan For Sellin Orer Trops To Take Ca .
her new yame is not yet on the roll. Again more people are coming next winter than erty oi'the av e.whih has started a further ie f atr in the Everglades 120 Million Dollar Of Ciy If Police Can
the navy'station cann..t hold her in face ever tetroe. It is not necessary to add movement to w .the street to a width sur.rouding-r the W. et Palm Bea nl canal. 1 o ar
of the congressional action. the unm Flrida after Miami on the of 70 feet.from ti street to Waddell. The nt:r i reported steadily rising and Worth Expected Control It
When it comes to that, the local station hotel retg;ters or in telling people where .T:he present wih of the avenue is 50i ciitong'-irg --]:ops in that vicriity, that
seems to be in doubt as to the translation you ar- from. say these Miamians, for fedt. It is pro td to have the owners bonditio r n being oai l to be brought about
of the bill, and tfe yeo'manettes at the "1Miami i- the best advertisers town onn of p y on e ide of th giv b e teory am wet of the rail- B Aoatd Pr.) ( A elaed Prc.)
--'prltoe cideof the ta gieto, ,nstrieted at the time when the WASHINGTJN. July 30..-Early ac- CBIICAO. July 30.--Governor Low-
Dinner Ke hol t not receive their the map,and it is the right kind of ad- p 10 fet ft. widening f the thor- tr re hrgh the ilw at the lion by the wr department in devising de hesitated to order thesoldiers of the
discharge-s until August 7. w.rtiinge; verybody is in love with the oughfarp .to order the soldier of the
diThere are ol 10 women in rve at in;gic rbl d is iloty."e with the ougfare. u ter.toe.tion of the Die Highway, the a plan for the direct sale of surplis army national guard to take charge of the city,
There are only Il0 women in service at Magic (it l George,. al a.real estate opelra- water backing up until it is flooding the food stocks to consumers was expected although with the arrival eoday of two
the Cbconut Grove sta a pe- r f nd h rAl th per I a o in e ba ne' tor and owner, enue B frontage, who surrounding .ountry. by republican leaders today as the result mrre regiments 8,000 men w re resting on
mot of these have bpen recommended er oth.v r winters m back net has take 'the iit e ttlve in the movement, The investigating -committee appint- of the adoption by the house yesterday of their arms ready to quell disturbances in-
civil service..a special indue-menr f v iati uld mar others beside." said stated this mof thatwith onlyonee omoed. Rug- a resolution rqueing that the stocks be t
"sip over" one beina oer t Ja 's H. Gillmaon, president of thbe Bank stated this P tt .wi only one ,e. Lompobed of Mesrs. Bandolph Rug- a resolution reueting that the stocks be stuuni. Tue ninth regiment from the
S"hripping over" money being offere. to James H.im, ta th e Bank xception, every pPerty owner whom he gle.. Bensel aund Wagen, is meeting tno- made available through selling organiza- s.iuthui part of the state, and the ten
the girls for signing or in the cl f By Be. Al I am cetal has walked tbo e subject ha agreed day with the Chamber of Commerce to en- tons. The stocks are valued at $120,000,-i from central llinois ru-hed here.today to
itiord y day as to thbir pla, 'er that k to dedicate. th ary10feet. the aid of that body. 0H". ard the'r rifes and machine guns to the
t- cestiond yeshter almost wthirut plans, a do wer i. that Io. a od to mBas oo't rty Value. A favorable report of the treaty with potential army alraedyi here.
the yeclfabetres, almiotf wishibut excep- dote- Miami." r. ilmaan awa 'It willire alu of the prop-Columbia was ordered serday by the Tdhe li o dead h'as reached 27 and the
ion, declaed in favoro shipping over." MOIbl o n an tioual vacation.. moit of IItI' icreas. b a p p 1 I b The iit-i iii i of dead I sd the[
ltho, deh saed in navorot wBhpping the- tm n bring spent in New York. erty. fully 5-perce! in my opuiion," sai scate foreign relations committee with- number of the injured.L,000 since the be-
athough some did not wish t bind h tme g p ew r.. palmer. *Anue B is the logical I U out a dissenting vote. The motion to r- ginning of the riots on Sunday. Coroner
themselves for a rear. hM mi Coolest City street for such "hopping ,district b- dure the $253.000,000 to $15,000,000 pay- Hfman pnnoun..ed that be had impanel-
Miss EuiButteworth, wb came tr ms good to be back where cause of the iac at the Dixie highway able to Colom growing out of elaim d to inve ate the deaths reslt-
Miami from Denver. Colo., and enlisted it i coli." aid Geoe .A. McKinnon, uses it foari _eance into Miami. In for the partition of Panama was defeat- hig from the riotin g.
Share, will "ship over." Miss MabelleMe- Lbuilder of the nuew McKinuon hotel ou t ine the remain .of, the avenue will J ied. The treaty wiil be taken up next A ierous race bght broke out yeater-
Mabel, on Indiana girl who enlisted from Avenue ". when he returned from Hot probal. be wi correspondinglyy from U n Monday and contrary to precedent will d in th county jail, where the Whites
Palantka, wil also neter civil service, as Springs. ALrknisa-, where he spent, se- ix streelo eth trt be taken u openessin. umber the backs 0 to 1, the lacs
will IMis Mary Ireland ofPalatk.Mi. 'ral nk taking th bats tatf, Mr-Palmer ha ed call for a meet- lte h F e guard and rushing
D. Cleveland, Mrs. M H. Robinson, Miss e feels fine as a result f the b u be mediate merican aid .to that republic l thi eri o of te a te.
Elqie Tuttle, Miss Katie Dean and Miss -it- was terribly but at that resort. l lg i'nta nes tot in repelling any unprovoked attack byinto the exec.e tom of the whites
held in th-n a aie:t he in rebeloing -anyOunprovked attack by The police in-rootratiom is said be
Mary Haile have.ndt yet fully decid-d.' 9S to 10)3 every day," lie said. he in Germany -was sent to the senate Tester- the mol- ti ern rhte in the eityds htirorb
although most of them are inclined tohe Tr e ch ibe the formation ofdayby'President h Wilson. s c the mtc ~i the city nhithror
civil, service wo'k. MIS Auitdi High is at -Ho t springs hen M. .McKinuo r owes asoin et Urc ts nearly three decades-
on leave front the stutiott and, her plans three, among these being Paul Jaudoi, Artistic Cover Design and Ar- kt .rcis earl three de
are not qt known. the S.tud.sth brothers. J. W. Erioksou,'J.. ranement Of .llo.strations ro o The polsituce claim tha they ae
Mrs. Pollock epet to ask or her dis- E. Lummus, George Douglas and F.. rangemen f Illustrati c nlrol of the situation and the troops
ch'ar e anl it ma be that in' spite orfom-. Hahn. AMr. Douglas andMi, Hahn .also Make Advertisent av not bn o ed to ptr the teet
plicatis the dr-dets will go trough ina rtunel day, and a Mri. iLumimus,..who' .. ent Gn. governor Lowldan and the city ocllt.eh
few days, left the same day, went of rier pd r. Attractive wcre on duty d. last night.
-- p--e ---"Ter were. people It tHot i Italiauis are taking part in the rioting
-o v. .. Wm "Wier e ere..i odf people -r at ot'p '"'- eeloIt wet
roma all overt ct a ad, Tn ,l' edver Lyi nd onor nw i. nd' on e i west ide'
ArA S"i be abae-:dt6',l{t n i'M -lofib;o tee I ... 'RFoi.r* h .... hospitalanin d t. it .

S iau-edthi mornr ingfom eh I., 0 bringing an extraordinary number of persons hurt.
"rBo ,' '' n .. ...J- .. . a t rked Pou ide t h ospi ta I f- Prnd o et-
U/ 0 intzw said ,, It.p' .A. ," w, '-'1

So e h intew N e otf intrh toeas a eBe e g re-enforced con crete addi- relief in the announcement today thatv-
nSinis, uiI. .se u .' th. ri' dr i n bentfid c.lor ton of two stries to the Hefty Press the iefs of the surface and Eleated

-Single Out County Sdlicitor ansrea-to-n-er- shop h i o be ans a f, a h e ishseand ha Co u nP Increaded beneeo thascreated a m ine whte thedta lun ate
c rn e i i thefusfasm amionug the director' oi the Incrent Btime4s ompels ntion for negroes, 'be crowd being'beaten

Co l lecti o n, i Colony in MountainsTnd b:i g To'Trai-e r i t'.Edrdedt Tirseed itmIibg ih e bS ertiohio g project ir r p i t H yoff by policeman one negro -abeingt-pae haps
W ~ na. "f H n' ''. .'. ,* ., 'which is expeted t.o'do much toward Loncen' lO BildU fatally wounded and about eight, otber
Of Water Rents ro e aso. o a iber of auab es of redential u the purpose of the artist. Mr. of e Uprt s a approximately 000.
S er er mif C ur-rir artst ad o p i for sale it has become neces- persons resorted to evr of tran-
SdemicuenrLrriagef u lrilule N. C.. where b. has ber, n Heai buin slightlybove tu rits here for. the ,coming w ther sea- a t Referendum Vote on Strike
W A T E R -Cv'iing foNA G'*'e C .. Bv fr e gobe g to bas Wen lfd di *;'L "Grocery 8 Strike-hound Chicago found hope *o
r ihba been hile not in the least ggcraie,re-enforced concrete addi- relief the annouementoday that
arH.stirS lhhdl c e the crv r-r deign is a beau'i t longer of t he aion. truhiefs ofad be n put int us e t take
Hyman Says His Company Did Not ity fo'' several weeks buying for the purchase '' H. M o be co u of to str frot o the new stru he cerow s to their resurface an tes l
mni .s' ~ es bieatoln, d Rpting t he various forms' oI -bulinilg on Eleventh street ls the lartsL Men's union planned a referendum vote
Single Out Couvty Swit citor a' to-we ar a h number of Miamis te Mr r coman rtannt and spot aot Miamin announcement in Miami's building e of the entire union member.hip'to deter-
tt's ready-owa.t be lions oflerly.,'k.), .and four smaller Tlh ,e4,i i isisme,nnd yet avouie 6.asaign. Increased busines- has created a mine whether the strike vote ten at
,n F n Cl kon, a' "Gman'" and which #ill d .l T.aiodunftifn :t-`,',,000 comuprised the ?feeh fadmirari-o.1 flor the city in tb deand.for tree time the present fl lost Mnday's te meeting Should be
In Forcing aCollection bem ilding on ati,(e in the". o Rabnoa lty 'uret 'terda wuI o re tn co i' en r he n thme the rest loor nday ma m n .
Points i the east nd the th middle t ornehestof People" Coming odu n. *Inesmet orpo in d wh spead e a fl es it, which of t pave r in the Hcefty establishment and austOain c.
Of Water Rents WrI e l transf. mberred twuable of residential ot the prpo, f the p artist r. er o west of his
Ine Air. Goendea'tonr;de air. Gomaa.'- the rthe ,of hi;s Cesterday approximately a.00f.04"
The whle thg r s me of. a are number 'of m people ,om, a Egewte ad Bn p i not ora sale it has become nocesh- d, onns r ortdped to every mearm oft ra-th
.Thb damn'd,intt micarriage of ii e wh ar: .i smmI.'i h nd'ia buyinA*l.v. slightly above the f the oad oete men of th scary or him go toward the clouds in potatiou possible to reach their place
spokie e r 're 'oyitn the eint B e yan Itae dtho Mer. Hteh irid- oubhe rmaua ber his uiusd th sldi pr- oemiplumnt. Byin reniig thousand of
Imever heard of," wbe the wa, Manager rn untamn,. He mentions c-re(inala trills o' the ]ast- several da f-,r n "
H. H. H.ran, of te iam! t i a The larg b $ 0 whnile s al of a -est rdaye W' ivine o Larn-st. na o te ath ione s. t ad ben put int ue t tae
pahan. rac.tei thed County s.'licitor Frp l i ondiictiugh ra su mer 'amp for b a pe the p'aid raise y app, 6Mrrer of three ate ino The firr foor front of the new strci- crowds t, their hml bes. Roller skates also

haouldn't singled outtha edint~imtoi ith ncilht wh -tu'eths morning from b-ikT f 11 ofi Efgefter. jt h.:esw tic gwl& linkt. An raceptionaly IRly de-orated in s toc o vwkrk of a unique o
reoudt en he net"r Inated the Mrayni Mr a n ight accompanied Breweu (: Pedd-sold for $5500 hi atirnetir- girl in uting hind ins juit t3pe. Ample provision is being made for III UU IULU
W. Pine's controversy with then water among whom atea small daughter, home in a lots' m irafacing Bis- cop nu ..s .ed i ture will be uloned as the office and salem, proved a means of transportation for
company when iihe as infrmd of te"The a mr is idora]"e to a-nesidM le. where 00 Mor', Rbovt ht t L.,eeler. F.ul a ren o.' whi at th rear the haiet f many.
tn o. "Fsaidth..........nthe Wat-'BmsntrI -7'-aLrsTrLee Pictules on.,ell
situation on his return today from' a a 'b dith bovs are b-ing well taien Care 2 7.... F. BohS property tat ee2 Eleventh I ... .piir-s tw -irh plants machinery will be installed. -
weeks combined business and pleasure. "lf :g a gond tiheme. He ws ttfor a consider aion of 7,0s. rtiie w ahlf a oo o admation fo ather gfing t'rt e en o i-t, Twi C gr nal SubCommie
trip to ponts anthem east and the middle' "Bun(he of Peoplee Coming Ithe Go."odanm I.nvstm t c oroati ctlty.a s d oV tbf -addy-, 'in he bfirat al'f-. othr composing ruo equipment will e \ l
whavet 'done to others who fi to pay oTt whe artwbvalb sle resident ial hlot rm .u isB hs l .ted over he oe fss. red to th second floor, while the bind o l -tigU U iUciplia
-hei wahoe thing ,er company deaer. that lt Miai, lecoin real Two Ed att l s and ,Banaan plaeI. The airplaors .tuntig'' al I a hd in his espartmeat win t o p he third.- t

every quarter who fal to pay up and buintlihrg nea.s the south. Atlanta boasts combined. P r`i, odty.a bSo e t Bd lsig i r po load Th ar, atu i' i r-."
tmohvig piteture l ot,. he continued with ,r ;e d hs ioo teen a B p to e Fre.g Wad- ilisic st, I. while a lanumber f oo The hepavtr iPt ,e has strutia n wll be next T I ary Fo C
a suggestion of a smile. w ince la t D- larg there on buing, n t theirs dell Cstrueet grocer. company intheld hforgroiis n. re- bar timise nar throughout the strAhtura to permit faror A /oa.l I I. a
c"Maber it w theo t at r he m ight a e is ni unnatural g owt. It does or nec- maiw hoses. MLr,. T la arie srekoff ond in the oasf. T he f prgronpal nature nstallaton. e her arhinery (on T U SOLE rI

-t d b t uessarily 5 p-osperuitv, f it s merely Poinciana aenug 'and, his ,.usine-as the by riv oung uomen. attractively dres',d which be has already purcha-ed. although NEW ..RK. July 30.-The congres-
haerm of uhorppe & ad that i w'dalefbeort thilPthe exterior beeaL
hadn't his wter sta othe o lntwe swiritor it red ot b e Lr ing te The Jacksonvile--mte,, $ f,0 r lt 10. or f tbZa p-ictuir. The srcoLnd half-page de- """ .. nt. ing the raipfl t lio I
wouldn't he happened inmated the a b o ag er. Zig h,,wsthe olf ink. An exceptioall decorated in stucco work of a unique
reporter. "'oe kno- ha p thrend atened to do Mhe '' K night -ompaied Brewer C: Peddk':.sold for $5.500 bis attr.ctirp girl iin outing t,sgs has just '. .. '' r OUI Ul O IULU
"You uDOV- bit hureatenedto do Aliuu 5. Knight lt ei small daughter, A' tlalIb I~gD lp tinlth is being one essentilal of th e
shutting o the didwater of water was greater n ume of b ings going rky ha been ami Westor.facing Bi f s a bi iobe ri out hil. a voing man I pe. mits were issued for building F. heard the relation yesterday of scores
jut ed, a al ompare with thWa e class of d in o ineThe t an h nt makingan s n ron s
turned off." h tun'd;egn here eayeDrIve to Fi L.keeler. F. also attir.d in tport cloti es stands by "t eng bin. i --n
i Didn't Single Out Pinew. shipped nowh ,e las Wrher any evideitticnh oof Ashb Ohio sold horth aith a look of admiration for her glfiog Forth Enlaren t l ears t I Conressiona
Wfr e ddn'do anything to him that wN. ., o alon at tine .', i Miami lot to J Abdi onrad of this city. R. Bt- ane. I ther. addy, in the ba:ck-o.ud, ui,"r' i "r eb.nt wh ng othr n s o men higher
"Weadtiv 1 pn'trdo anythingutairplane-tis5IlognIot'eri isomet Le [ogI' ieth nnBidngn eheble.thewhl'e-resccse obinhgedinelantisytire
haven't done to others who failt pa mparatly speakg" said H. ler, th coniderti beg $150 is no -slated ovtr her ticce se e f sp of p plant, I vestigating Disiplinary Sy s-
cr number sponaible for th tho cthondtioat InsIn inc

in th e pntnade t ent ade water huuom Hyman a manager ofJ the M iami Water the Bowers Southern D redg'' ing ompauy of the Btut'etifuil yhta ohf t are seen on bungalw homes ate Miami Beaoh is now Bi-i le.r enr h bad to n i. H"rt, ir me
everyup its er. I t is expected to reach cmIpan s wh e slre thed toda boosts A c ymbined vproiety and buses sale Minmi Bea i caior, i riptrodl re in g bui ye alth h. t u is the largest .
heirJackso le in a dy or two and th the la rig ist aumbn of n e rmits and the was that of Wal to thc.. oemknlera KWa l ou tIhe steasr.is, known prerha ever made. The hdhouse aa or h rt et tonary rrce i

.ttheirine Hman viisitehLk rf p- iitd r riopeNeIbilne t rlaigeme onumer of I s mra odern o t rtrmone the tim nd o
Mr.the u n decdf the at e last Drank lrg-"'t e-SPOnetue bildlig bat theirs dela stet roeera ao soldh t of pit re- tuatrers of e bthered alog the b b and alagmente he lares wi mu a
member. itwas thought that h mi ht beI l a10 "3atu'l glOtb. It does not ncc- aing housts,:.orne.r'Waddell treeti and in he surf. The forega-und uis ccuicd il taster t,.. another location. the site for (Byn oclated Praes
ehard up and theat it would be b ta i L.a"" ~i Parly s propeitv for -it s m-rely Poiciana' aenue'and, bi i t tuheoig wo attractively d es-ec d ia l ea- Hodge bungale' pu d. altho gb NEW Yt:RK, Jaly cas .-Th chcngres-

Roads Bad Out of Jax uld be -eE to I W, %' i,- which hEighth street d Ocean Drive. This, too, -e madeen I fbehperbores
turn off his water. We oul.ilu't v..v the rebuilding of the district which xas Buekee grooe gr .ry,!.t&b Louis Zaubork-3, a in gay r:olordJ b matiing fruit rrf sting in the e w s' t conttrmplate building there at i trial lb-.,-ommittee hich is investigat-
well let his water a n whil w ,e wp ed ut :r fi du1 ."io the war. The Jaksonv ll .,ahfo$Sr ZS I .n yd : ar i ng yhtiag, wbi ei, TPing te ds.p selarvice in F c t A E.
huttin off thhe wact r of others who ;Alater number ofun liizngo going f bor A ir has been.:eiahlieam onl two days- a u i-' robe s i-te rd out o the sand be- prl permits w re b wild for building F. heard the r nation yeSterday of scores

m o t Ja o T .ill te guests an th. White uverment at k, arrived in B"rlin upon the hotel keepers themselves. fir o in the construction. The work is under months" on cha ng s beatinge pione
he a onlle autooier" b tt he re a cheap artmat houe, whih en heist Rssanie tehi ast that he "tb tb,. Boh gils be proud t rnng. a of tor o brutal treatment o[ Ameri-
roads. lemading ut of the ty fibr are in badi their ut ran n are being pe- callemid Russian o b.mittee is not rega rr tConued -s Paged Fisou Tldhis which uildidg is the rt of a number trial that dierrible brutalitieson were prs
bF. used in gutt ogundegroun the P building in i City." tlansactio was :.oae through .e A. L. ld tl their eat aud pca them in a pllt t a ti'al re i

condition and all who anticipate goiug I pared, hut the details have not ydt as exactly a duilomatic mission, but the -e bugl at d theb at be- Tpe onCoonebl i Gm these Si
north ares warned tht the heavy rs been saw n ounc e beldig g.oig erman minteio .the inte is co- t, t Mr. Hodge e buildthen I buids mcel a ion ea amounting to a tem of
hain the d ..wtown it wowmre was there ay evidence of.the i Charles E, Oxaidisposed of a Baldwin g p
.that .n district cwhaap i n Ogl p shp, her taken along i Awhilp n cr, E t r, otery"

tnnouncement was also made by sc- BRUS: LS July'd Thesoii- toasorth forhe an c itizen. A There are people in Miami .vthen lo o.atlg French and Belgium to
rom te factor at Lockport. N. Yallae o te atooile no n hat the p00 rogres0sl0 loan d Ox subdciist. mions t to ha..Bsten the who will buy that ,ed I L, JBuilding 30.-T tory forr- cch g other "many higher up
Tuly 21), and the manufacturers are tra cam. comparatively speakingg" said H. H. Ile", the consider ti on being $1.5l.00, ,uile I h;",-, .- 1 ^ '..-' ] I'e of the blfinars- m"s i who e accused a' be g dirl rE-
incl the spament w in order t hu- l Hmae mn the Beg igan govern nt heom.pauy oower Soue utif "Drlacht" hi c in bual w hom ar am rh I sponsble for the conditions include:
up its ded very. It is expected to rach American anks wo rued be m ade through vestigate the causes of the war and the c and Liiu t le bn built br W Bacu t ^ radr Ge nl W W rts, former
Jacksonville n a day or two and then i DriEg his absence, whi,.h was the first company lots to the Florida Keys o, i the h s known paJnte: a ,pumtor 'Thp'h-,,ommander of the American troofiB in the
Sbe hurried through Fernandina to Brunswic The e ct n hoea s i ti e e r. g a- auttor lat for $ ',00. Pfiofinsion of P you tell the Ruan T d street n dit ad It aris district; ajON, Ju general Frederick
eah.work puttig the re underrod e made und ts control. t. t expensive Mention t Britain will b ae ontol of the rest of it. occupation in Germany after September l-
Mr. Haman declared that. he drank a', -- --,--. or,." r s Tour to a la.":hut of pictures of 'be buI'ling da t bveind byne aT he the field artotlo r '. e-e
served bf the company in Miami. newI E th best din Jar rop lli lllar noIll tLe r in th e ie n T eMe rropoh an dam con- Lenate g.ods urd to orclr. Railey- uth akota, chairman of the commit,

the Jacksonville automobile e club tat all fties hRoate. arforatep-ans, fr et... .h.'st Russians this country. The o ______"".______ mH and steaeng cear property.st, uriug h


- W in.S. Jening Became Gvro o:

Since Win. S. Jennings Became Governor of Florida i

The State S handed debt has b aen reduced fiom I,uiJ;-i' 2 t,.. il.I..i
and tre irt.trre.t payments on trie abt reduced 4*,.,I.,'., per aninum.
in addition tO that reduictiin, tie State, in tne settlement .: tn. indiiaii
War i- lin,m. i.aid ofn tat .2,l,0j of State bionas nel, I ..y the urLnte
States with Jnterest tlereon ironm Noe,.mbn r -., 1;.:, to June ll, 1'.:i-,
arrmountig i .aill to $396,212.'ti.
The State tax le-vy fr gen, eral re.e.nue purposes-incl]udil. ..ll me
g.:rneral .xiieis..S of runfling the State I.o-vernmlt-nas E-l .n ruc'-l.i,
o 1- iiIMills-40 per cent. lower than ever before.
'1 ne proc,edI. from hire rct State convri.:t ni3 Inere-Jie-d [romin l..1.,"'
.0 more tliai, 16i1.11111 per annum-about 800 per cent. LDunn the nrst
ei.,, i,.- of tile least of State prisone.rs nma ', :. b t.. pre=.eli adn ln-l-
i,1'LtaioiI tell counties 1ves realized olr....... more iromt tire lire i01 LtOi-
vi[e I h.i thi.-, got alitogetl-r in tie wole' .lt years pr-.::edPaIn. 11ne
pi sent con iract will bring to tre coulitEcs si,i.i.u,"U. iust.ad. oJ 0 -, iijii.
pI..;urd .1.o, former cout ra.cts-a ain of ).-e r f'iI.i irn four yea'.
rr a million dollars for eight y-ars, and each asi,-e sdlng e.9iilt "ears.
ComFparing receipt in the State Tr-asury from otner sourc.e- i. Tn
,itrecL t:ax.,t.)n during the two years nimediaeliy preceding Governor
Jenrnings inauguration, with itke rTe.cipts during tne nrat t.:io -.ars
O. ruIs terri, it is found ttiat ine gt-leri; iiceliS. tlix increased Iroan
ilt,li, ;T,'77 to ,3;i,t' il, a gain of $58.2j0.26. or 18.5 per cent; inrur-
ance *.ompt.'i. taxes frm 'i' ,',. I l. 't tl ,:.D."'. a gain of $15,7 .00
or 16 per cent.; interest ion State de-posits in canl<, fron'., I r"
oi fl'.ibo :;. a gain of $11,949.40 or 17.1.5 per cent. Sai-e if fertilzer
t.[imps t roa n, U 14,li..i0.79 to r.(i,-r.rII ,11, a gain of $15,517.21. or 105 per
cent.; corp.or tion charter tax, from $t2,i 10 to 1,0ls, a gain of $6,010
or 50 per ,cent.
"' i. vet' of unconstitOutonal and unnreccsscary LiL in the sen-ral
,l-pi ..prati.I,, b.11 passed by the Legil-iaure '. n Go'..rnor jen-
nlingz '.,-,j the taxpayers the sum o01 4.,4, v.i.h n a --:j'.aL
to a r.-du,[i.frl in mte State tax lev.v of two and one hait mills.
At te- io'.ernior s rec:omnmenda'tion [ie ta.': sal-. crAinT.nts were
ir..nisrerrld'b.ack to the c.untl.5s lor sule and redemption. It" i ,n -
result llAit receipts trom Ibis source increased from $n. 2,4.1, I i-i''
.t th1;9,,;, sO in 1.102-124 per cent. Increase.
The ruling that Tax Ass3eSO-,rS siLl. eliminate Ironi the as te srnenl
...t11 .ill .If rue State larnbs. incluu.ng all land solla To tie. St te ior
unpaid t,.-3 that h d not Deen redeemEdl or. purliesd Lini tilt
State fllas sa,.ed the State at least Sil. annually. in the itm Of coStS
-'tf tax sies and advertising.
Th- amount. of terminal imrpro-'.eniernt and Swamp La.ids sold, tne
proceeds going to the relief of the borided ,ountles-Jerferson, Leon,
.- ii id-o'i, Suwnnee, Baker. Bradford and Columbia-and the city oi
Jickson-. ,ue. since the commenerimenr, ,1 Go'.'. Jerinlinsa terni. aegr--
care 4.9 l '. During the entire ninr ;,:-ars inrmmeliately pr., '-, *,i.
tbel btEginning ,.io his tern, tihe entire aniount re-',,id fron, tr.t ii-
l.1f s.'n lain,, was $41;,3.- t16, an incre a-e during tie,: nrit -." yve.rs
,, ,-.1 J' ,airng. term, of .i-,S;4 -: over Hie entire nnie .ears rr-.:ed-
iiif. .r*.1L tie a rmount of bonds r-aid hv [lie Tralst.es of T e i-,Trn ii
Inipr.'-menir.t Fund amount to T4O.2'64 F.1, whihli is more than is n. 0.
firingg thie ri ev-ious nine ".ears.
T"i- 5sil .1f schroi inJds in 1;99 and I9u"i. the two ty,-ars hbe-re Go'..
J-riiinn e a.'-i inn'a-ug nirated aggregated f:..' ; 7:: ,uring 1t' 1 and n I.,,.
l. Ni : -. aC-ier, tietd .lti :,' .4 1-a: n ln.?re.as3e of c er 10o pe'r T ,-',ntl
The 3s.!,s of Swarnp and O,.erfluor.-i L.anrs. th- r o-:,- ii' *..ni., i i
tlie c 1itirl'n l impro'. iment Fund oif int Slate. hai.- re i.z,;d I.' *3. t'.i
LD..Irn l.-' entire tell a.irs f 'r m 1t- 1 to 14'i''. b:.lli .ricl.d.L ii. Elii-
o..f? .of vS anip and Overflowe.- Lands amounted to Out 5$ii..i;. j<
This shov.s an Increase during the 21. years of Gov. Jennings' admin-
iEtration over the entire ten years Immediately preceding it of
1-2,2'73.10, or 329 per cent.
Sti- Stiat" C'iptoil his i,ePn enir.-d and prac ti-alIl rebjuli and
-,T-I:;. -iiished Matn'. of Ine Stt i te institutiors. Includr'i ti,.'.e lr
righuer .-i.lijtaion, have been -xtenaed aid enlarTei-d rn, ri- n rbu'idinIe.,
re- e ,iiiprunri L and otherwise. at 'a cost of approximn.i t.'i y i'iio.i.iiil,
l Ili"lir, q.'hich I -..as never before been showv.'n them.
Th. appropriations by the: State for institutions of nighcr education
in lIinl aini 19113 are il.ual to t ,h t- tl- arpprropriations ior uie.'- nqti-
i tio:ns I'or .ill of tne preceding -F. years.
Thre Ii tinii'-r of pensioners lha increased from 75' In I .i'l [ t nearly ,
ri-i, ring in ranr.n d inere'=se o~ from f;G.,u .,i to. ri.l f i....l...i ii
o",-r ]li' per cent
I-,r tie encouragement ot igii srchorls In the var'i'is couLntlis,
'A0 0"i hsa been appropriated. ahich hlas never been done beforee
The nirnmber of Justlies of tre Supreme Court has neern inrre.sed
i[rn. I rO t,. and the nurnrer of Cir'Luit Judges and State AttornC..5
fr'.Tun 7 to I For tlie flrit time In 15 'ears nnal decisions :'rn now be
al iromn tile State Courts wtholiot camninging de!lyis.
Tie efficiency of thle i-i rda State Troops iis been grioaJ.ully im.
pnro'ed, rnd Thie appropriations for reneanipm,?nts amount to more
hiin ic-i tie previous six ears.
Goac-noir Jennings' successful man ic:nent of State affairs. in itn
relations with the narmionil government. is .'videnc,'d not only rv Its
securing the prompt settlement of mtie Indian IVar i.'lai m, rt.'ir tie
passage of the Act of Congress authorizing settl-mEnti. int nr .qi'o
procuie-d the ad.ijustment and piaynernt of 1' b. a. the iriam
School Fund, T'5,067.02, due the Trustees ori It Internal lnpr,'.a'-rr-ri

Fund o:n ac,-uniit r'f Swamp Land 1l.,-mnit:., an. ,.J'2,, -1 due the
General Re,.nue Fund of Florida, cn census 'Lc',.iunt; ano [urtilner
su,:.'-edel 'rn coilecitiig for the Site.i an a doition l sum of i.. I 11"').
.hi-.?h aI rnot in..u-edL in tne settem-nlnt aE nrst mrllai'-. by iemarnaring
Sreopenirng Of[ me ltatelt a.-co iint an', a reisat-iment the-reolf sc a.1 t
Include tne ?aid ,3,.'l_.ui) whirh ha-d been omitted wien tae account
o as first seItled in aIn"., and was not referred to in tlle Act autiirrlz-
ing tlie si-ttlen';ent. But for th-e vigilancee ,4" Go3 ernor Jennings trils
a1 rount so colleered would lave been lost o t lie S OtNr -.y ac. luie'-encE
in the set-lement as first made under tie . T Je i-,) -r.or also col-
le-te'd irom the Uinited States li.u.5i..i) iior in -.ale at tih, il.ri ntine
Sltitohs, and prcur-id n patent for three million a'r.re- -jir linr
NotwTvih3tanrinur tnD extraordinary appropriations riaa-- ..y tlie Le_-
islatures of 19,11 and 19,L3, which has been p.31a iut 01 tIhe G-nerai
[-,- rnu.- Fund. C-ov. Jennrings a i.s eribled to reuce rhe rate o.
[t, ,ition L,'.r general reveru-e purpos-ES frlm nimis, as aitnorized ,.3
the L:cgisi. ture o:f ]'l0j, to 11'. nills. wi'.:. i. mill loNer lor genira:
revenue purpose: trran has e'er before bten le-.ed in F'lorica, -eir-up
,-qui. lent It a sa.i ig of over $1I,.iiI 1 Tie Stuate lev for genera:
revenue for tr.e pa 't 11 ,ears has t.ie'r, as iolowIs. For years pre
,,.,. r,'. 19;a it was higher:
Years. MIIIt
1 i:,. G lier.1l R .enue ........... .. ...... .. .. ..... .- I4
l 4. 1. r lr T ; ,, n e . . . ...... . .. ........ .. ........ .. 41
1 'i ;.n- ra i Ri e .' rnu e ........ ... .... ... ................ .....
I1"' ,..,iner. t Revenue ...... ....... ..... . ... . .............. -
'' .iene ra R e- enue .. .. .. ... .... .. ..............
S 'i G'j neral R .'eri e . ... .... ..... ... . . .........
1 ; ,, G _n -r-i Rie: rn ,. ...... .. .... ...... . ... ..... ....
'in Gene ral Re: ei in e .... . .. ............. .............. .
1 1, 1. Geii-r.- Re.enue ....... .... ......... .. ... ............
S i-', '- r,r .ral R ,: c nue .... . .. .. .. . .. . .. .
. Jen. era Re'. enue ... ......... .. ....... .... ..... ... . .... .
\.'iien Go.' J r,rnnii, s v.as ril au ur cited in J 1'a-uL]r;y, ]"*,'. tile [St;atr
'I reasqurn had onl 12 .' i ] in i s c- n- ra-l re -nuIe fund. -iiter rA-
,jiiting ;teio.s a-val,''ed I," the State Tre.,l ,urer to meet tr. dteE ,ne,
'i-s in tie As. lu ni and rdB crd. o Hef tu e uinis, 1and the expen ees at
teiding tlih L- gi'litrie'e e-'ion of that ,yenr. -in iecemrn er 1. 1tl;i, not
w-ithstanding ihe extraoirdonarv Lecislati.e appropriations above re-
ie r-d t.-. aind all general expenses of tne State to that date there was
1-' 1 '5.21. in the cencral rev.'enue fund of tne State Treasury.


L'p,.n the -basis ..f the hiures gl'.v.n above. vhicn ir;n,-, orrn. .,r IIn.
economies .fLec.,Led in Sr:ate io,''ernient during the nrrt tw(;o -r'.
of Go'.ernor Jenrir n rdrni nistration. both in ar i:ti sc-i'.lne .- -\
penditures, and in rI oculinc rev '.rle irom .riln-r o,,ri-3 thai tI'-
t- xa.ition of th. .oDle, It Is easv'. to z-:e that the a'.'in o i re per pl
JLuringic the entire. four years of tnis adminIstLIa n 1 1 ni ;gren-Ir- .
v-ry large ngure
It is a ImodJ'st 'nd ci .i.s=rv tie ecsiniate i St. L[ tiw i '! !n-, ire.
ar.'nmn pi.she.: during tii rr.-' ti O \e irs of o'-' J i, i'-5 t'i rni v.,',
r-e nii-ltained .r,.) m.ra-riaillv in ?r-:=lei nriring ii, 1 .two yes-;
Iii i u' ing ie .-Our5 o.i the oiific al ncurens. sino. J.-ace. tr.- re ull I,
1in-t for the Cour years.
The .;nnir il redu-ctior of i, 4iilin l n interest paid' on ini-
pubie debt will s:i.. thi, taxpayers .... .. . .f 1 ', .i t'
T'he elimination of atite- I tilds frorn tax s-.lei. i i I-'
i iL .. arv. a i\'., .ll c .ave. .. .. . ... ...'i, i ,.i i.
The r.d .(ic.n of m.i- n ll in trl' Stati tax le [ior gl'-iir -i
re-senue will ea'e flIN'"'. for eai.n 1.r'i i and 1'-14, a-r... :*'.,iii.i i-
'Til in.:r'iased re,'eitiu frorm hire o-f S[ite prisoners iii
a lerC ie Ft.W illJ.iO for eich of four years . a .,.ii, in
The increase in tlhe receIpts from the Iolio wiip snur,'es
inot ,iheet taxation) will be.
,;.-ner-,l Licrn e Tax. .... ......... ........ .. ... I- h a.
lnsur.r,i.ce C'rim pany Taxe. .. ................. . ....... 11i.
Intere s on Dr-n'.'it. State Monies in Barnes .... .. J. s .,
S.,e of Fertlize-r Sr.am ps. ...... ....... . ij i .
Co.rpora tion Cih.rter T3ax ........ ...... ... ... .i.., a.
Sile and Redminption of Tax CertIitc'es- 1,.. "i "a
'Veao I0 ,jri.on ritiri .n'il an:i unn'-eu. r-'3 r II.Cine in *i[ipr-.
priai-..n bill oi lu't .. ..... .. 1',.74 1j i.

Total saving from above sources .. .. $1.700.632.2t
Tn e i-ring of this large sum. il.;nri.r .'2i.i. nhi.:n m-,v accurately
be termed tn'e accoimplishmc.nt ct 'Jof ,-o -.,'inps H.lirwiitration Ir,
eh',.If of economic go.ernnent. is q1i'.'ilanii to i a .ing i.r anoIII
s'li f-nteen mills in tax levy upon ill the assessed taxar, I?. property
ii. Fnriia. or 11i average of four .and on. n. luartier mills for each yen.
of aris term Naow tia l trie Siate ii paying all It -innruual general ex-
p.:ns-e' irorm a le-y. of fOle. and one nalf mills, proiacing a little over
fl'.ii,iiii,.. It is an easyv m thli'niaii'ral dedlection that the saving erfecteo
during Go,: Jennings tern nou.illi co' er -il these general expenses fa'
' ,.ri .1I or n .irir. ry-eli e e i --- -.ir, I .I, .I -.- "- r ;- ',, 0 =' i o l
I I,. i r 1 I i0 1 11111%-1i ,


| JEN NGS WINS V'_.& .t. t'"/ .

Ex-Goel nor W. S' JEnniui, artr-
0ne-y for rie- board of" drainage ,c._-
t mis.ionerq f Flor:,r.:. i as .juSt b'>eefl
irnfoemed r.i th, ci-ik of the 'U cited
States c 'rcuit court of appeal -, that
the decision or' Judge Lock.e di-misS-
, ing the -tuil brought I b. the land
companies to test the constitutionsal-
it:.- ot the drainage tax. bas bee_ af-
firmed by the court o-f appe-. ls..j': -'
It will he remernibert-d thlitt -ix
suits v ere in-stituted by certain land
conmpani-i \iz.
-Th.he Su.ith-rn States Land & -Tim-
ber Co.. ov.ning 9E.SS.63 acre-.
$ TI- Consolidatefr Lanid Co, own-
ing 111.10S acres.
Trie Emprlie Land Co., *-wn;ng 241,-
'OAO a:'res.
The Florida Land- & Timbe-r C:,
owning 91, is.' acres
Tr ld.-&idl Land: C., oniing 117,-
n000 aortcs
The Florrl.1a East Coast -Railway
Co owning 50,v0) -
All -of trihe?- lands are as&eFsie.d tfiv-
c-r.nts per acie as a drainage tax by
the act of the iegiFlature of 1907. The
-suits which ha,'e just been decided iti
favor of the state prayed for perper-
ual injunctions against the coll-ction
of the tax, and had the effect of de-
i~ai ag the collcLtivn of the drainage
tax o'.'er the entire district or 4-.C0K .-
On0) acres amountring to $200.i1.1i per
annum for the y:-ars 190"' and 19,1'
Thie dcisiorn l'robably tet mrnat, r
,sotne or tre lmoit important lirigatiel
that the state has ever had In th-
early part of Governor Broward's ad-
ministration, the title to the lands of
the internal improvement fund se-,m-
ed to be in question Ex-Gu.ernor
Jenriings advised the enactment of a
law making an acreage -assesmrnetit
upun the lands to be benefited, -.1ith-
out regard, to its ownership, so that
in the ev-nt the state should lose any
part of the lands or was forced to sell
lands at a -small figure to carr.- on
the drainage work, that the. lands be-
ing benefited hy the draiirage should
share in the burden, and he r prepared
the o01ginal act as pass.-d by the leg-
isiature in 19ir., which was afterward
attacked by the jar-..I cOulmanieh-, and
Judge Locke lield that the law' -wvas
Ex-Gov*ernor Jenriings. as counsel
for tlh tbcard of drainage comnis-
si on r-rs. tlien recommended amenid-
ments to the la'.. advising that the
legislature had pov:er tOi enact such
an acieage tax, and lhe drafted a bill
that was aft,:.rwards pa' sed b11 the
l,-gi-.lature of 19u7 aid became a lav.,
under v.hich the land compani-es
again instituted suit.- to renjoin the
collect tion if tihe tax. and ha\e the
law declared uLneornstituti:onal. which
appltlication .aS denied, and the suits
d;imisied by Judge Locke.
Ex-Got ernor Jennings is being
varmly congratulited upon tihe re-
suilts .f S:, manr,' yearS Of special ef
fort and great latuoi. TrE inmernErity
c-f "the victory for the- stute ill .be
re-alized) v-.lin it is considered that
there are alre-ady due anil pay .ble
over $Ii.i),1"10i of drainage taxes under
this law, 1vhich vi il be inirnediately
available in ca-lh to the boaIrd of
drainage commissioners within the
next two or three months, v.bich v.ill
-nable them to double the present
fleet of dredges. and insure the rapid
drainage -of the Everglades on a large


Since' Wm. S. Jennings Became Governor of Floridao

The Stnte'? bonded debt has been' reduced from $1,032,500 to $601,b67
Ir.d jLI-- it..- .r payments on the debt reduced $4',000 per annum.
Iln i..r. t,. ,at reduction, the State, in the settlement of the Indian
Wpr Claims, paid off $132,000 of State bonds held by the United
Switch interest thereon from November 27, 1873, to June 30, 1902,
I,.'.'.. ,n all to $396,212.66.
T. .- I tax levy for general revenue purposes-including all the
general expenses of running the..State- government-has been reduced
to 1% mills-40 per cent. lower than ever before.
The proceeds from hire of State convicts has Increased from i-1 ",",
co more than $160,000 per annum-about 800 per cent. During ti- ri '
iwo years of the lease of State prisoners made by the present admint
istration, the counties have realized $13o0 oo more from the hire of con-
victs than they got altogether in the whole 26 years preceding. The
present contract will bring to the counties $600,000 instead of $84,000
.j.-.. ,.i '. former contracts-a gain of over '.:. I, I. n four years,
... i.,,.i dollars for eight years, and each .-1.-.ii,, eight years.
S ..r receipts in the State Treasury from other sources than
direct taxation during the two years immediately preceding Governor
i I-,'-_ .%uguration, with like receipts during the first two years
.. r.. it is found that the general license tax increased from
;. ,.$373,356.01, a gain of 55F.,2.0.-C. c,r 18.5 per cent; insur-
ance company taxes from $9',558.81 i.. ,.1.._-: ,. a gain of $15,779.00
or 16 per cent.; interest on State deposits in banks, from $6,887.30
.. . gain of $11,949.40 or 173.5 per cent. Sale of fertilizer
rT ,.,- .r.. 14 000.79 to $30,260.00, a gain oe i15.'-17.21, or 105 per
S:-n-.; .:... ....r .i-t, charter tax, from $12,058 to i' ,.,.'-. a gain of $6,010

E r" cr .:nr,, ,i ui.. ra,.i,,',, I and unnecessary items in the general
S..,,.... bill 5--. tri i Legislature of 1903, Governor Jen-
,; -tI ..i 'le taxpayers the sum of $249,740, which is equivalent
,- ,r 1 ... in the State tax levy of two and one half mills.
At i.-- ernor's recommendation the tax .-,i: .-i r.II. :, -.r were
i, . *.. I ....: i t .-, the counties for gale and rE.i i -iil. ,-:.'. *. -. the
,..uir ii t-.. ,ri fr.-,m this source increased from $75,824.07 in 10901
h.. I"''. I ,, [ii l.'-- 124 per cent. increase.
li.- ,,,,, rih i lax Asses-=r. i.ll i I.,,..,,I r- from the assessment
[ II,. ri.ae lands, -1,.I.ir' .ilI I.m.ri -old to the State for
,,nr, i .- ii had not I.--r ri :...: -,! i.u :'i". ...i "romn the
.i , , ,.,J ii- State at .- *i ,'. ,i ..I ,J1 ,, i I. i .-. .. of costs
i -i ~,d a.i .:rli';in .
fI- I, *... ,. I r,:.' iir-rr, ..I Ini- .. r.. r-.r. and Swamp Lands sold, the
..-.. -.:, tie relief of the bonded counties-Jefferson, Leon,
I .1:.- -." n. nr,, Baker, Bradford and Columbia-and the city of
..r. iI. r..:- Ihe commencement of Gov. Jennings term, aggre-
S.- . Ling the entire nine years immediately ,.r-.-:-:.h.-'
: ..: .-- .:.I 11,3 term, the entire amount received from r,. .
i.. ., $46,872.66, an increase during the first 2% years
S... .rm, of $2,874.23 over r'- entire nine years preced-
S ir,.:.rt of bonds paid by 11'- Trustees of the internal
Improvement Fund amount to $49,264.54, which is more than was paid
n rin the previous nine years.
M. sale of school lands in 1899 and 1900, the two years before Gov.
Jennia... ;iiu ...il.:.1. aggregated $53,527.72; during 1901 and 1902
they I 1:.1 1.,l -I: '.-an increase of over 100 per cent.
The -l of Swamp and Overflowed Lands, the proceeds, oine to
i. ini-: I Improvement Fund of the State, have realized I. I 4.
I',. n,n the entire ten years from 1891 to 1900, both included, the
i .i Swamp and Overflowed Lands amounted to but $76,646.38.
This shows an Increase during the 2V/ years of Gov. Jennings' admin-
.irr-teon over the entire ten years immediately preceding it of
i:_.- 1-:. or 329 per cent.
I Capitol has been enlarged and practically rebuilt and
newly furnished. 1Many of the State institutions, Including those for
higher education, have been extended and enlarged by new buildings,
he-w rinipm-ent= ind otherwise, at a cost of approximately $300,000,
a r.:-, ..11. I has never before been shown them.
... The appropriations by the State for institution's of higher education
Ji- 1j(1 and 1903 are equal to the total appropriations for these insti-
r..'-. for all of the preceding 25 years.
The number of pensioners has increased from 758 in 1901 to nearly
*. requiring an annual increase of from ,$75,000 to about $200,000
,'.-r I -n r."r ,;:,ri..
For th... .:r,,._..,irr-i.,[ ,, high schools in the various counties,
$50,000 !,= -..:n aP.,prrori, a i. which has never been done before.
The .,r,,l. r :i .Ju.r,,:-- .t the Supreme Court has been increased
from 3 to 6, a.nd the number of Circuit .Jiio.l.:,- and State .lt-trnr. v
7 1 Fo:r therfirst time in 15 :': ir. r' :ii decisions :n r,..' i..:
S .... r,- ..te Court- r I. i,u .j: making delays.
-[r,,:,,: of the I- 1.1iI-, t i't.: Troops h.as been gradually im-
'." te appropriations for encampments amount to more
than for the previous six years.
Governor Jennin -. ,.:.-'' 1,,i *ir L'. r- ii of State affT ', in Its
i:, -,' with the rm tl:.irli '.:".ri'i r.r.. i; .- idenced ,..i. ...,I- by Its
th- r.r.'rr, -.-t.r rri r.t .r ,,.- Ir. r 'irm after the
passage of i,.. --. :. .. .-.r, -. ,utr,.'.riirc i -- r r,. .,, but he also
: .: ,e adjusr r r j nI r i r,',. r, .-, '..i ] .i,, m the Florida
S, ri, -.i iu-nd, $25,007.02, due the Trustee- .:.i ,, _,r. rrail Improvement

Fund on account of Swamp Land Indemnity, and $9,326.21 due the
GTneral RP.-enue Fund of Florida, on census account; and further
-u:.:.:.,..i.j ,, .:.:..:ir,, for the State an additional sum of ;1" .-1 m"
which was not included in the settlement as first made, by demanding
a reopening of the state account and a restatement thereof so as to
include the said $.3,248.00 which had been omitted when the account
was first settled in 1889, and was not referred to in the Act authoriz-
ing the settlement. But for the vigilance of Governor Jennings this
amount so collected would have been lost to the State by acquiescence
in the settlement as first made under the -ct. The Governor also col-
i.-.:f. f,'-om the United States $51,050.00 for the sale of the quarantine
:r -,.: r.. and procured a patent for three million acres of land.
Notwithstanding the extraordinary appropriations made by the Leg-
ielatureq of 1901 and 1903, which has been paid out of the General
i,.--- .' Fund, Gov. Jennings was enabled to reduce the rate oi
taxation for general revenue purposes from 3 mills, as authorized bi
the Legislature of 1903, to 17A mills, which is 1 mill lower for general
revenue purposes than has ever before been levied in Florida, being
equivalent to a saving of over $100,000. The State levy for general
revenue for the past 11 years has been as follows. For years pre-
vious to 1893 it was -higher:
Years. Mills
1893, General Revenue ... .................. .. .... 4..
1894, G general i.- r,. ............... ........................... 4
1?)'5 General :. ................ ............ .. .. ..
General Revenue ...................................... ..
i ', General Revenue ... ................................... .
1898, General Revenue ...................................... .
1899, Gernrql Revenue .............. .. ...............................
1900, *- : :I Revenue ................................ ...... ... 2
1901, General 'Revenue ............................. ... ...... 2
1902, General Revenue ....................................... ..
1903, General Revenue .......................... .......... ..... i
When Gov. Jennir inaugurated in January, 1901, the Sta '
Treasury had only .-I. in it' enelr'l revenue fund, after ae
ducting items advanced by ti... -rr.- I,.- i to meet the deficient
cles in the Asylum and Board of Health Funds, and the expenses at
r- rI,, .. i-.-. _-! .1. .- ,-=.'-,, .if that year. On December 1, 1903, not-
*.,tii-i .?,,,, r .-. ..:.rr-..:,r.ir,-i ,.' Legislative appropriations above re-
.:.,Ir.1 r.-, .1,..1 all general expenses of the State to,'that date ti, r- wa.I
-'*I -... ,I. the general revenue fund of the State Treasury.


Upon the basis of the figures given above, which show some of ttit
economies effected in State uGovernment during the first two years
of Governor Jennings' administration, both in actual saving of ex-
pondituireo and in procuring revenue from other sources than thi
r-.",i I.,, .:.r the people, it is easy to se., IH .ii. -' r. ; to the people
during the entire four years of this .jnni,-,,rrn-, .:.r, .' ri aggregate a
very large figure.
It is a modest and conservative estimate to state that the savines-
accomplished during the first two years of Gov. Jennings' term wii
be maintained and -i. l -,i ,-1 ,.- reased during the last two year
But using the basis ..i ii... .:.r,', I figures show above, the result i.
that i.:.r in.- four years:
The '' nie reduction of $40,000 in interest paid on the
public debt will save'the taxpayers .................... 160,000
TI.. ,,i,7 l,,i...i of State lands from tax sales, saving
, w ill save............................... 120,0M) ,I
Tl..- -.! .r....i :. one mill in the State tax levy for geileral
revenue will save $106,000 for each 1903 and 1904, or.... 212,000 II
The increased revenue from. hire of State prisoners will
average $139,000 for each of four years.................. 556,000 (i
The increase in the receipts from the following sources
(not di'r-.., r -, r...- will be:
General -...- . ................... ........ .... 116,580
Insurance Company Taxes .......................... .... 31,565 00
Interest on Deposits State 1Mionies in Banks ............. 23a,898 s8
Sale of Fertilizer Stamps................ ......... 31.034 ,
S -ir...i ,.:,. ,._'I-, r r Tax ................... ......... ..... 12,020 o
-.i.: ,,-,. -,-.i .. ,r.' .:.r, of Tax Certificates ..... 187,8201 40
Veto of unconstitutional and unnecessary items in appr.-
priation bill of 1903 ................................... 249,740 0or

Total saving from above sources....................... $1,700,652.20
The saving of this large sum, $1,700,652.20, which may accurately
be termed the accomplishment of Gov. Jennings* administration in
behalf of economic government, is equivalent to a savin,r r --..-oii
seventeen mills in tax levy upon all the assessed taxabi- r".ri,-,a -'
in Florida, or an avrrqT-e of four and one quarter mills for -ri *,, ,
of his term. Now -ih, ii.,.- State Js. paying all its annual -n,-r-i, -.
penses r,..... a levy of one and one half mills, prednelnEi a little over
$150,000 it ., an easy mathematical deduction l-,tr ir, civng effected
during Gov. Jennings term would co'er all these general expenses for'
a period of nearly twelve years. --lrom Tallahassee Correspcilent of
T1 he dtalnta ('onstilution.



| Washington. Aua 13.-Final solution .
"of the street railwa' problem can come
only when a power to regulate wages
of street car e.nploydI as well as fares
I s created feilrrprI street railway .-,.m-
mrisilon was told today by W. C. Pliss,
S.-hairman of the Rhode. Island rublic
ut litie .cl'mmlission
1 c.ommisic.ncr Bliss ri rfr Imar.a
,rontr',l of troll.'v mn tters alsould Lb
e | ted irn ;riate l biodie

,'I iri ..'l ,, ..u r r ,ilrF.. i. La.: ,-n :x-1
I ,. ,.. 1 r. ,i 1 pul il -e 1i
n .l . :Jl. I r .r t ,r rn T .it I r'- r ,. -
., i. h ... l r, [in .I.-r.: rt r. 'r i.'t r, '
-..r '. .. T .. I.' I : .- r i [ i

S I .I ... *-1*1i r r i.,1 r

i. '.. ; T,, l 'I .'-I .rL r '.i i, l.F l,-_i r
,rTre. r .rz rc ii j.-r 4 r
i1,1 i F. .r*' lJ it, r.r.. ll.. rYF F ci
r. r l i . -.r .-. t l i r I r-i,. ., re

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ri r r '.., L t l.. u *:.'. e r Fii tL
1n..u t dr. n' ih,-: r% i r .
Ui 4 n. ,- I* ( II. i :.r. I L-i irl

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r. .r i .i ll, r .7% d k r. r
l Fj I., -rr .I.-,:t,. r r n i .-i ,
t.I 1i -.- ,. 1l r g t: ,li If J Il' F l'rdI

F. ] , t ,, ln i r I . lr, rhi

iI- I, I .. 1F.] I i n .1" t. h''_1+ 1rlr
IF I C I 1 i i t -" "i r u *nl il $ ll I'n i

rr r. 1. i .. [ 1 ', i- 1'I-i
S i '' 1 r . n i i nr i' i I

SI i r I. rr it it I... V-

I. II ti 'I -i ,
.' r rr .-. n 3 ,t .r J
I r .. \, .f r,
S" r*I,,ur, r r, *:., r -u r, I., 7|,

S 'r i i.- I ..ir h II .1t .. -1 ,', *

F i: r i .F i.
",, ... r ,' l .. r -n n iI i, ,, ,, I r n i' r -,

I l-, i ir x. I. ttn -0.l.l I, 1
| i I ,,', ".: .n- 1 I.. I- ,T h.,, r .. t,

', h I 1 1,i,,i T I',,: c+. ,t I,_, ,:j,, l e,, A
I II.,r' I1 ". I,,h il

At the Orpbenm Nezt'treek--BABE"

o Ue,
pres -

anal a 1 -I
a t t he



le, nh a

";tod. We,
LL th ,tff,'
pIte of
Lion r.

-rd- to

ion of
o p,-9ce
b Italy
I1 d s-b Its
tE haved
ople 0 is
em are
'the more.
Jung anid,
.retood .
y the stuff

-Finding ro
id get hni here
mang of an j p-
con hiq 15-year-
lual. Bankhead.
BanAhload. Ala-
a Toane:bile trip
h I5 l`urs, reach-
tertital at ." '31) Lois
it. time.
ort is reported fa-
as appearing in "39
cioe d by the Actors'

S4 -Ftc ttt- chorus
,ing Shov..'" stranded
.3'of stave, hands and
L Pqla'ce Theater,
sistan*'e for the first
ter an appeal to
the Acror&6 Fidelity
rk, The Shuberts,
%ire. t.'ILe f. Or-
eh-arsals were. is-
H o-ne..'m'.on Town" %
.,i ..



Former U. S, Ambassador to.Ger,


-BOST{ot, .Sept, 5.-Dr. David. Jaynd
Hill, former [rited States Ambassadol,
to Germany, addressing the Americant
Bar Associat-inm.here last night, assert-
ed that there was nothing in the League
of iNatlcns co inasn.t to bind the na-
lions to obef international law. H'
also warrnd' against socialism as the
greatest menae to world peace.
Regardrrtg the omission In the geace
treaty binding ,the nations to obedience
to international law he said:
-"We discover, t: our disappointment,
that the covenant of the Leagu eof Na-
tiuons, wn-ic.-we are told Ls to be the in-
stzumnent for she mainteTranee of peace,
.contains no .de'dlara4ian that tie .sov-
,ire~i n ta.tes 'as- such, possess any
vision of law by which -tthedi conduct .
toward one another may bh.ajdged;, noi
promise of a court before which.. thelo-
wrongs ms '-be brought, and their1'~graI
rights judiciously determined; no-meth-1
:od by which a weak state may legally~
enforcec e its rights against great oDwer
if tlat power is indisposed to recogf
raze la, laISI ." -_
Peorge T. Page of Peorts. president
of the association, in his address at the
opening session, Inmphasized-the need o'
Amnerlcanization of the forelgn u.tassea
an.l better education for the. tktiv-i \I
burn. \


TORONTO, Sept. 4.--Wha ts believed
to have been the first airplane. funeral
ever held occurred here yesterday, when
a tin,. coffin, 'bearing the body of
Leonard Allen, a 5 months' old baby,
.w'as conveyed to Mount Pleasant Ceme-
tery in a plane piloted by Harry Smith,
ft:rmrIly of the 'Royal Air Force.' The
"fl-ying hearse" was closely followed by
a s .cond plane, bearing assistants of
the undertaker.
Advertlaera woo use The St. ;-oule
Times do so with codfldenee --that-
through Its columns thdt 'reach the
sturdy; reliable element of the eoe"e.
ulty tn many thousands dativ.
-' 1

--I ----- ,.--.~, 1 '

roui ;W f~
i J .l l >J !. ..J. "


* P*hlt'.rinting Co.............Proprietors
Robt. W Davis............................. Editor
W ,,M. Pepper.......................Publisher

Terms of Bpbseriptioli.
.'7he Twice-a-Week Sun. $1.50 a year; six
a.e the, 75 cents; Dingle cailies,. cents. *
Advertising Rates
laeal advertisements, 15 ednts a line for
. q"frt and 10 cents for each additional in-
* t y advertisements for three, eix and
..t 'i at special rates. Prices fur-
i.. v pia .,.at>plication.
"Marriale and death notices inserted free.
ObItuaries, 6 cents a line.


This paper has not, so far, permit-
ted itself to fall into hysterics about
any candidate f6or office, but has sim-
ply been copying from other papers
what they say, in order that our read-
ers might be kept posted. This state-
ment is subject to two exceptions in
the case of personal friends. The heat
of the campaign is some months off,
but there is no denying that,, in a
way, it' has opened. This is made
manifest by the fact that announce-
ments and individual platforms are
either already being published or are
going through the mails. Perhaps,
under the primary system, this is
both natural and necessary.
In dul e The Sun not only in-
tends to, ive its own preferences, but
the reasons tor it'. One thing we have
determined 'upon, And that is: to
Sindulge- in no abuse or vituperation.
We are simply going to put these
things up to the' people, to whom they
belong, ,
We have our miod,,on Hon. Cary A.
"Hardee for Governor. We, in com-
mon with.all Floridians, feel a deep
interest in the question of who shall
be the next Governor of Florida. No
office within the gift of the people of
this State means more to u-. ; Our
selection should be made calmly, dis-
passionately and discreetly. There
should be no faction Aight about it.
The selection should be made thought-
fully and wisely. We should try to
steer our State back into smooth wa-


terday and.
morrow. T
placed before
be asked to
The peace
The resum.
The coming
to them.
The Presid
bravely, patiq
Let them di
people want I


A' woman al
cently admittede
ing as a cbllk
ligious, or re
had not only
money from
rather careles
bought lots ol
in various cit
with worthies
woman admit
she bragged ;
when astonis
that "what we
done" and did
been arrested
ton and allow
promise of gc
is probably n,
far as it shol
part of the pu
whenever any
to take a chi
many question
the ,war liunc
tions were for
and it was inr
ing a collector
ity in ten mini
With the goo,
useful came
V 1. A th

ters where our expenses should be, bhown by the
as they used to be, one half of what ered later that
they are now. handed overt
Calmness, perspicuity and thought- ting money
fulness are the dominant characteris- claiming to b
tics of Car:, A. Hardee. Florida born itable or patr
and Florida raised, he knows the peo- Charity de!
pie and the wants of the people.' He given in its n
krwows' farm life, to which he was lions who are
raised, and yet today there is no more or another, an
profound lawyer in Florida. He is tion from tho
modest, unassuming and undemon- and well and I
strative. Yet he is as firm as the rock ing to the th
of Gibraltar. We have known him would be better
many years. The first time we ever posed to look
saw him we recognized him as a young substance on
gan, of chrractew-stamina and abil- now under a
ity ThLqugh t.e years he las grown ome details
updvr-rsr-not-echuse he has tried to instance, that
go "fart zh'oi' than an unspeaking of people git
dia'ol.d _ri is b grow. We simply in her note b
saw that-th'e nierit was there. note book to
S*fe'Jire hre has been placed, the old story
whether at the bar or in the State
LEgislature, or in other positions of In Ja:ckon
trust, it has been found that his word ticed that yu
was-.as good as his bond. His excel- the tamnbori
ldf' 'judgment has been everywhere what the col
recognized. Nobody ever doubted his to uriuport.
character or questioned his word. such woinen
'Would not a man like that make a not a siger c'
goofl.1Gernor? anything ti
____ we ha.e aI
T was ail
I .- .





.Hernando County Representative Extols Ability of His Favorite
Candidate and SaysHe isTired of "Ring Politics"-Sees that
Coming Events Require Man of Rare Qualifications in
the Office of Chief Executive of theState and Gives
Assurance That the Man He wants to See
Elected Is the One Needed.

Tallahassee. June 4.-i Special) -
Hon. Marion L. Dawson, representia-
tihe from Hernando county, today
gave to the press the following ex-
pression of his -views of the guber-
natorial contest:
"Ira answer to tie question as to the
name of the man whom I will support
for governor, and why, I will reply
with entire frankness, that it had
been my intention for a long time to
support Mr. Hardee. I have little
patience Xwith the voter who requires
an oath of secrecy before he will dis-
close the name of the man for whom
he intends to 'ote.
"I ser'.ed with Mr. Hardee in the
1915 and 1917 sessions of the legisla-
ture, over both of which he presided
as speaker. I do not know of any
public position where the 'acid test' of
real manhood and leadership and
statesmanship is to thoroughly ap-
plied as it is in the position of speak-
er of the house of representatives. He
who can pass through that trying or-
deal for two terms, and be at the
end of the second term stronger in the
esteem and regard of his associates
than he was at-the end of the first
term, must'indeed possess qualities of
heart and brain of the highest order.
"As I view the situation, it is es-
sential to the safety of our institu-
tions and to the welfare of our people
that the next governor of Fld'rida
shall possess these qualities. Some
one has truly said that we now stand
in the dawn of a new era. No eye can
penetrate the future and see what
graie social, economical and political
piobleins the next governor of the
state of Florida will be called upon to
face and solve..but every thoughtful
student of public affairs can forecast
corning events with sufficient accu-
racy to know that very vital and se-
rious questions of state and national
importance are impending which must'
be bravely met and wisely handled.
"Florida is a great state and she
de.er'.es to have a great man for gov-
ornor, one who will reflect credit oni
the state. I believe that we should
select a man of whom every citizen of
the state can be justly proud, a man
who possesses the personality, the in-
tellect, and the experience, which will
enable him to take a leading part and
protect Florida's interests in any con-
'ention of governors that may con-
vene at any time to consider inter-
state problems, as they will be fre-
quently called upon to do during the
next four years.
"I am going to support Mr. Hardee
because I am weary of 'ring politics',
because I am tired of seeing the in-
terests of the state unscrupulously
juggled to advance the selfish am-
bition of some chronic and conscience-
less office-seeker. I believe that a
public office is a public trust and not
a commodity of trade and barter,
with which the professional politician
may pay his political debts. I earnest-
ly wish to have some small part in
hastening the corning of the day when
a candidate for office will be measur-
ed by his qualities of statesmanship
and not by his skill in playing upon
the prejudices and the passions of the
people for the purpose of going
votes. I believe that the home is the
clearest and most sacred spot that God
ever created. I believe that wisely
and justly administrated laws and
well regulated social order are just
tion as air and food and water are
as essential to the existence of civilza-
essential to a human life, and ever.N
thoughtful student knows that Bolshe-

vism has declared that it will destroy
the home, that it intends to rend
asunder every family tie and police a
high premium on social immorality.
The disciples of this doctrine have no
respect for the chastity of woman, or
the honor of man. I know that if
Mr. Hardee is elected, he will oppose
- with great zeal and courage this dead-
ly menace to all that we hold dear. He
is most ideally equipped, mentally and
morally, to lead the forces of law and
order against those whose sole and
express purposes it is to destroy law
and order. His naturally brilliant in-
tellect has been trained and cultivated
by study and experience and reflee-
tion. His high moral and physical
courage which he inherited from a
long line of farming ancestors has
been tried and strengthened by con-
tact with the world and intimate as-'
sociation with all classes of people.
"Bolshevism, as we know, comes to
Florida in the guise of the so-called
I. W. W. These are the ones who
openly denounce all constitutional
authority; they are in open rebellion
against all forms of law and order.
They profess no religion; they flaunt
all moral codes; they acknowledge no
God, and proclaim that it is their pur-
pose to blot the Stars and Stripes
from our flag with red paint. Their
lodges and secret conclaves dre or-
ganized in every city and town in the
country. Their spies are already in-
dustriously sowing 'the seeds of dis-
cord in all industrial classes. They
are secretly organizing in every rural
district. They are setting-the em-
ployer against the employes and if
they succeed in accomplishing their
openly avowed purpose, they will ut-
terly destroy every agriculture
activity, our fertile fields will lie fal-
low, our groves will no longer be culti-
vated, our fruit will rot on the trees.
our-blooded live stock will degenerate
into wild cattle. E\ery farmer will be
ruined and the wheels of every mill
and factory will cease to turn, and
want, grim and gaunt, will sit at
every fireside.
"It is a well known fact that this
Boi-he istic propaganda has already
sent negro emissaries from the North
into Florida to try to convert our erst-
while happy and contented colored
people to their anarchistic beliefs;
this sinister activity has already
borne bitter fruit. It is indeed time
for us to elect a governor who is the
very incarnation of safe conserva-
tism, a man of cool, keen judgment,
of far seeing statesmanship, trained
intellect, and unfaltering moral and
physical courage, and we are fortun-
ate indeed in haing such a man who
is ready and willing to serve in that
"Mr. Hardee has the four funda-
mental characteristics upon which
have been built the highest type of
American manhood, namely: He has
intelligence to immediately determine
correctly the right of any proposition
and the moral courage to decide in
favor of the right, and having so de-
cided he has the tenacity of purpose
to stick to the right without fear or
faltering, and the physical courage
to come out boldly into open and say
where he stands.
"I believe that all political factions
in the state should hasten toburytheir
differences and unite with all the busi-
ness interests and all the uplift in-
terests to make his election practical-
ly unanimous .
-The Florida Times-Union, June 5th.


Roosevelt was president when Broward was governor.
Both were big husky men, both liked to talk about biig
things, both had lived in the open a large part of their
lives; Broward on the sea, Roosevelt in the Western
country, and each was used to broad horizons with out-
look unrestricted, vision unconfined and a cll to look into
far places.
That Roosevelt should want to irrigate the deserts and
,'. Broward to drain the Everglades was a mere matter of
,U. placing of the two men. If their locations had be;-i
" switched, Roosevelt would have been for taking the water
'' off and Broward for putting it on. Each was of the
blood of pioneers that makes men ever look ahead and
seetwhat to do to create new-fields for human energy to
exploit. Each was possessed of that degree of force and
\V( persistance that drives them on to do the thing they set
out ',to do in suite of all opposition, and of that strength,
S of character that enables men to stand abuse, false state-
ments, misrepresentations and all the foul litter hatched
i by malice with which all advance agents of progress ha\ k
been beset sine the beginning and perhaps ever shall he.
S6on after Broward was elected governor. Roosevelt
invited the governors of all states bordering on or nea"
the Mississiopi valley to be enuests of the president on a
trip down the river to hear ulans and projects of improve-
ment of the greatt rivers of the Mississippi system to )ore-
vent floods and to tkeen transportation open at -ll time,
for all the freight t hat could io-ve by w;'ter. Broward
poointed -and met Roosevelt. Thomas W. Laws ;on and
Gifford Pinchot were on the president's boat with Brow-
They talked conservation of natural resources, forests,
-oil, gas, coal, water power and all the other things
held in nature's storehouse for the use of all the peorile
of 'il generations; they talked about harnessing the
father of waters to serve the pleasure and profit of what
Champ Clark calls "the finest folks the sun ever shone on",
dwelling in an empire richer and more productive than
the :..-Iley of the Nile; Pinchot got in a few words about
big f,-rest reserves, and Tom Lanvson let go a few fervid
remarks about "frenzied finance." Then Roosevelt who
ever overlooked a big play and had kept up with the
ramn:aign Broward made with his map of the Everglades.
came out with the demand: "Now,. governor, tell us all
aboul draining the Everglades!" From then until far
into the nicht Broward talked draina.'e. He told them
all abo-Lt it-the eight million acres, the big lake in thim
middle twentv-one feet above sea level, the water run-
ning down hill. the easy digging. the black muck soill
thr-.e to thirty feet deen and the .icliest land in the world
--h- talk-ed in figures dry and h? talked in allegory scin-
tilatin.- with prospect of boundh'ss harvest -he made
them listen on that boat like he made the crackers
listen in the hiQghwavs and byways of Florida. When
he Qge-: through Tom I ;Lw.oi-, looked d himself for a hun.
dred thousand acres, Gif Pinehot asked his friend Teddv
to transfer him from the tall timber to the saw grass and
the President of the United States pledged the power of
his office to the success of the project.
After this trip Roosevelt issued orders that Broward
shold hl-e show. ,'ip-.ht in to where he wvlo; whe ever he
:-alled at the White House.
Broward called one. day when the president was re-
ceiving a delegation of foreign bankers and was shown
right in the big reception room. As soon as le caught
eight of him, Teddy yelled out, "Hello, Broward," brush-
ed aside the diplomats, the aristocrats and the autocrats
that stood between them, rushed out in the middle of the
room, grabbed hold of Broward, shook both hands at
once and asked, "Have you got the dredges working yet.?"
After a little talk carried on in open air tones the presi-
dent let him go with the parting injunction, "If those fel-
lows in the land office don't give you all vou want. comc,
back here and we'll both go over and get it."
Broward always got what he wanted in Washington
while he was governor.
Out in California there is an area of land 1600 square
miles in extent. It has the highest mountain peaks and
tlie most of them on the mainland of the United States,
it has great canyons, bold rivers, high water falls and
rushing cataracts. It has the biggest living thing in the
whole world-a tree thirty-six feet in diameter, with
branches reaching into the clouds.
Since Roosevelt's death a bill has passed the senate
setting aside this as a national playground and naming
it Roosevelt Park. It will soon pass the House. It is a
fitting memorial to a real American who loved big things.
In the middle of the Everglades, which, partly drained.
are now producing even greater than Broward dreamed.
is the biggest fresh water lake, lying wholly within a
state, in the Union. /
It would be a fitting memorial to a real American who
loved big things to change the name of Lake "Okeechobee
to Lake Napoleon B. Broward.




Government May Be Induced to Establish Such an Enterprise in This
City--New Process Is a Featuie of Economy Bryan Jennings,
Son of Ex-Governor W. S.. Jennings, Made an Able A'ddress Before

I Organization Yesterday.

Important matter- relative to the that she could not win a war -without
further development of ibis clit were these elements, knowing that the time
discussed at a meeting of the Jack- would come wluen she must be self-sup-
sonviile Real Estate Board, held -no porting in order to carry out her plan,
the Hotel Mason yesterday,, beginning s- set her chemists to work to find some
at 12:30 p. m. domestic supply of nitrates, with the re-
Bryan Jennings, son of ex-Gov. W. suit thit tne Haoer system of reducing
S J-nnings, spoke before the organ- atmospheric nitrogen into .a useful form
ization on ultimate ,conservation. from the air whicn is composed of 7S per
George E. Brown -"as appointed a cent nitrogenn. but hne process was not
committee to select a location which perfect, and later the cyanamid process
will be recommended tc. the govern- was discovered which is the irlting of
me.nt author ites, with the Idea of ob- atmospheric nitrogen with calcium car-
taining for .his cit.' a dehydrating bide Dy eleetrolo~ls, and when her plants
plant. were completed and operaln.g she im-
Being Established. rnediat.:.ly started on her scheme of world
It is not known to some peple that e u, oinden t of victory, and her
such plants are ein established nen cnemsts here anSolutely accurate in allt
vartou e se tinsa of the aointr,tri .c but one l r thing-that was that starch,
in vleiv of the conditions. caused United S e ps could.not be madse toen-

rte inf the roar dev lopent o a great enr Into tuhe war unde r anuy eol.dtons.
industry, h sal tt hE n of m and that the Yankee soldier could lnot
The proi e t is that of tiakin the "et her goat."
liquid out or' frt'its and vegetahin "e get our nitrates from Chile. The
irder to prndserve aned iuand es e the tact that our governme nt 'buys direct

nrsd t or. mrprtinn confrth q aritll a them. l ** Oo potaW ha ta. U n OUT
It is said that this method has been from Chlas Ie led ttoni ard -lerl it to
practiced in England, and that Brtit r tohe farmer helps rthe pockt .books, but
aoldipris Ihav-.. rcentiy eaten 'tmatoe nes riot effect the ultimate result.
that weare sunected to thiS p nArocess "The fact rernamis that we coke sixt -
thriang the S u d th Afran ins d o a nine million tons of coal per annum rTwo-

durnge e or P ut .Xfr ani r al u frtd is dom hna d me r-
said that this treatment wle s. redu, thirds of this is done b. the open furnace
sixt y pounds to one found in weit gnt process. b a leo-eh of 1a) per ton in nt-
arndthe original strength is dtill ob- trat. 'Hoeer, we save 4 5 theon, hut
trained anid t will provide as much tiould sav'e three timEs that arriout. At
food as in the original stat,- present we are savin about half as
The real estate ihoard has teen in- much Eas we ship from Chile. and our
o rmed that if the lnti :or county will government has recently aproprtated
apropriate t$ti,ipii "the government twenty million dollars for a nitrate plant
will appropriate a similar arn.vdnt for at i ucr sel .Shoiles. Ala.
the establishment of a plant. Alre ady "GI ar ean chemists have taken a sterile
the r,-al estate b-r.,I -, in mind a soil and made it produce double the
hbilding. that could e use dforucherops that are p rodced In our country
en lditerprsc Ad r on fur l'_rtile soil, as ia :hownr by the fol-
Jne erprise leong comparison;
ns aJenninp iAdd ress. rantyte-heat 33.4 bushels, rye o.4
'Mr. J.lnnirngs, who is a bright ounrg bushels, barley 404 bushels, oats K1.9
lawyer w ill leave in a few days nwth buhr els,. potatoes u r4 bushels.
the naval r userv.- forlr. Hise address oL tted Statea-Wheat 15% bun hels, rye
before .th 1 board jaoliwse anr i buoshels.-i barleya 29.6 bushels, oats
"Gentleme n: heat hae s a hull ia S buels.
well as a heart.c When this fact Is .eer our farmers cultivate a much
cried to thet tt,-ti,:,n ,)f toe-" average gr-.atr area, and in fat 'produce per
Ameri:an jh, says that he ts .nly mn a great deal more than in Ger-
willing to use thet heart f the wheaat m 4r, 7.
in flour, and when tnid that the -Ger- 'Thuf it is shown that German-v with
mans ar importin great quantities h great supplY of potash nas taten our

cotg ea u we ha ve 9 oar a Neateds t su ch o u
of wheat bran from the United States, tbr, ,on account ief it ib aperce ntage
thisl caL ses him n enalarrn. He mere- Iofpotash and fed tois bran to her stock
ly says bira is for jackasses and G ir- to make their laudd more fertUe and in
imane anvhorwg. N.:,w Genutlen I wnt or'ier to make us absolutely dependent
to appeal to You to see that the upin them fo.r our potash supply.
tAmerican jae.kaes gets' more of th e hey have taken our pho-phate and
American raised what bran instead 0 s,id us their basic of Thomas slag in
the lower Prussian atnieual x.rurn for it and dominated us ceomtner-
Apparent Needs. ially, thobqgh three thousand miJes dis-
"The peopled of the United States net hev abstained -from A ar until .they
parent needs that are sen. outi do, not gZi' at bome, and then made their at..
investigate thb-roughly enough Ulti- ted'l" on an unpuspecting c iilization.
mate facts'aand needs. A soldier's "Gentlemen. I appeal to you tc save the
outfit costs $156. 0, a100 of the coin aahes that are to be wasted in Florida,
of this equipment is in wo.ls produoats.-ext ....inter..
It takes twenty sheep to Eupply a sot- "I appeal to you to protect the Amerl-
dier. We used three hundred million .an Jackass from German competition,
pounds per annum before anyo ne erber wheat has' a hll as well a
knitted one and urled tnvo, and the heart. Save our American what bran
same year produced only 291i,00',000,or the Ametcan jackass Instead ot bthe
pounds-1917, and now the government lower Prussian jea-alsh" tBeast of Bet-
ie' trY;o"i to get eve..tone where con- In.,, .
vtnient to raise motre sheo p.
'"tWe know ticks hurt cattI. "We ic.
see 'it. rhey are -apparent. So we
dippint cows and established quadooran-l
,t i n e "
"We know that the boll .we'. 1 hurt
cottonh .so w e have q arantind to suich
a'- extent. I a n told,' that a cotton
beaded' aj)dd cannott enter tho quaran-
tined s district without being exhmlned
for bpol Wveevil.
S"av e'n- ~ieUti oate.Neees. t o .,
'qr hefe :a-r-.re thre e Iesse'n iqil' elem eq ts
of -plant. ood, name. L, dtas, p-hos-
phate and nitro ate's.'
,"Petash is also'used In. war munl-
tionsa in blak lpoluer., as' is 41soi nit
rates in th'' high explosives. This
ast seems better known to the Ger-
manta tha an tothe 'Ameria'n, for while
.our airms heave ben conetructive, theirs
'have been destrudtive. I
S 'W : potash. 'th
"'Ge manyr owns the potash' in the
Strassburg district, an'd this. is irac-
.tically the WorlT' s' s pply, and i
Srigetfully 'belongs to erm any for she
stole it from France .in 1 ol'70. n
"t e hgok our potashd from there un-
til the monopoly became so strong
that, the 1rginia-Carolina Chemical
Company bought a mine in this dis-r
trict. and i immediately the re'ichstag"
wyept into Lhe salt bousne s and took i
over the mines.
"We Imao'rted 25,)"-.() tons a year be-
fore the war started. Now 'that supply
i.s cut of and we must look to our own
year' frpom th flues of our porl and
Cetrent plants. and do this at a profit.
Whe are mnaking25,s ) o ns per year from
the Jless Lake, Ne., and 5earles Lake,
CaL. regions. We also.get part of our
supplv from a glsnjt .aea-weed known
as kelp which grows from lower Call-
fornia to Alaska on the Pacific coast.
This weed when inoinerated gives ao
ash whilh is hi) per cent potash.
"Last year wve Imported 5,0t e) tons if
low grade asjL-es frorth Canada costing
about $19 per ton and. analyzing about
3 per cent. ome of this came to Flote-
-ida. f
"Next winter we are going to burn
nood in Fiorida. One-half will be oak,
which bear a high percentage' of pot-
ash. On a basis of a million people in
the state of Floilda. and figuring on the
bdsls of consumption-at Camp Jolinston,.
which Is about one-half a e-ord per man
ner year. Florida would use a half nmil-
lion cordls and at itt pounds of aroh
per cord wduld be at least on a 5( per
cent basis a quarter of ae milton bun-
dred-pouni units, there would be 5 per
cent potash. On the basis of Jackson-
vule prices this would be $1.7E worth to
the 100 pounds of a-hes: E<: per cent
would be lime, valued at nc; plus .2 per
cent phosnohates, or s cents, mak-ng a
total 'of 2 30 per hundred pounds oft
unleached ashes. At a minimum of
ash' Svi hundred-pound barrels you wi U ste
that the ashes that will probably result
In Florlda next winter would he worth
i.&5)i)O). which is a'greater amount than
the Jacksonville allotment in the Third
Lirerty Loan.
"You cannot help the kelp production
on the Pacific rYot may not be able
to biel scrape the cement flues, but you
cart help the people p of atFlorida by shonw-
ing them how to save their ashes for
the farms. Ton can save wheat bran
from alien enemy exploitation by proper
national legisleilon after the war.
"Germiany's phofphates come from her
Iron foundries. as ier iron ts of a low
quality and the phosphate results In a'
flux for the lime. coke and impurities in
the iron when blasted, givin" un a flux
known as Thomas slag, and sold com-
merr'tally in this country'.
"The world depended upon her for pot-
ash She has undertaketi and does dom-
inate the phosphate market of' their
world. She hias acid vats to make sul- I
phurte acid from pyrites for the acid
phosphate For a while she .'onsumed
all of the raw phosphate of this coten-

try until gradually we are ber-inning to
manufacture some of it ourselves.
**Florida furnishes at least M ner cent
of the supply of nhosphate of the Unit-
ed States. The United States furnishes
more than 40 per cent of the world's
supply, yet we shipped to Germany for
refinement and she sells us Thomas slag
a low rrade by-product in return, and
thus while not nroductng natural phos-
phate she controls our supply and puts
the price on our mined product 3,00)
nmil"e away.
"Statistics show that 473.639 tons of
hard rock were exported and of the
nebble rock 2,043,486 tons. out of which
682.232 tons were exported. However, in
1910 there were only 9M5,728 tons used do-
mestlealIv. and 00.mOn0 tons were ex-
ported. So It le readily seen that while
our mining exports were Incrertslnr our
domination by Germany was derreasine
before the war broke out and today
there are no exports to Germany. Our
rovprnment Is heroming Indpependant of
Seain for her sulphuric acid. and is get-
ting this from pure sulphur sources In
the West.
"Irridentall'. It mlr ht he said that
the little poasphate that (ermarv does
nrndure Ia he" own toon--nr it,la Lnr-
rainP in 1970. the same night she did the
"GertmRany ot her l t-stp r-nm('"i 'le




Government May Be Induced to Eatablish Such an Enterprise in This
City-New Process Is a Feattie of Economy-Bryan Jennings,
Son of Ex-Governor W. S. Jennings, Made an Able Address Before
Organization Yesterday.

Important matters relative to the ,that she could not -win a war w thout
further development of this city were these elements, knowing that the Lime
discussed at a meeting of the' Jack- would come wnen she must be self-sup-
sonvile Real Estate Board, held in porting in order to carry out her plan,
th-. Hotel Mason yesterday, beginning she sc-t her chemists to work to find some
at 12:30 p. m. domestic supply of nitrates, with tne re-
Bryan Jennings. son of ex-Gov. W. suit that. tie, Ha.ber system of reducing
S. Jennings, -spoke before the organ- atmospneric nitrogen into a useful form
ization on ultimate conservation, from the air which i. omposed of 7i per
George E Brow n was appointed a cent nitrogen, but the process was not
comm'Tittee t: seler.t a location which perfect. and later the cyanamid procea.ss
will be recommended to the govern- ws discovered which is the uniting of
Tnent authorities, a itb the idea or ob- atmosplierc nitrogen with calcium car-
taminng for this city a dclbydrating bid.? by ele.'troiosls. and when ner plants
plant. were completed and operating he im-
Being Established. mediately started or, her scheme p1 world
It is n. known ~ on.uest, *on fident of ictoery, and nrer
Stnh ts anr i:, some p oc pl that Cheri .is here t tel accurate In all
a 5 I d a den etolied In but one tanig-that- as t pshat starch
various ections cf the country, aonla.h:cl nt replace animal fats-that toe
t a ha cnti. cn ri- b United tites eoul, not e ma to en-
th war. thi meov'ern nat atu r l- tr int t.be war under soy n ndtiOns.
nate n te fna dev ent r a re and that the Yankee -oldier could 11ot
in tit her goat."
The process n is, that or taking the ,g.-.uhelt 'urnia. .he. T .
iui d outo f fruits andi-.ast t "be. get t our nitrates frnm Cthile. The
lt oruath fruits ant ee.Badd, s. ..
ordeal' to presert -and eondens ther. rifat thate oulr government 'bua direct
It ia said tieat tnin-,it nIthced hav ten frtm Cr leo ah ao nd -l It book tobr
practeCad in Lngland. anrd that itii the farmr ihelpa the pocket ooks, hut
soldaersill h eahve s rin rn tiotratoes n ffet the ultimate result.
thsoldiersn r se cetly ea ton th, rats 'Thne fact rains that 5':e coke sixty-
during thl CSouth Aefr.can var it ni-ne Million tonri f coal pt r antrn Two-
said that this treaten nt vills r tduceS thirl hii- da nl-s by the op,-n furanre
Xtl Osa tan s .-.ro. hen pro and i Sn ti tr, price a o r of ~.'o i i a o r ton t ih-
and the original str-ingoth '-. iei ohetrate. However, abnd sve .ls r dc er stocn.but
caiied. band is wll pakoVide a on r-n 3 ehot ael ave three time., that amount. At
food as in th.-.e -,ril intal -ten iat | re ii t ake s ing about I',alt a'
The real er.ate I ord tha een ; mech as ii- snip fronta Cls:, nrd our
formed that ;ifctIh e t. qor eoirnt 1is government ha o taken apropr ated
appropriate l;i. n's r thal. g, irn e-ri, e twenty million dollar for a nitrate plant
will arprotpriate a similar amutint ic.r at Mu ssel s hoalek. Ala.
Lia rs tablianment of a plante Airad "crimanl therni.atds have taken a te ril
th real estate o,,ard hae nin n;, ac eoil and maide it reduce d.utnle the
buAicldin- that ro-ld bhe usrd ii r stl o i old O that are product ed in our| oiortrY
an enteerpri tehat aron our fertle at hom. ands shoen madby there fol-
nvet te th '. eough ult wing ta compare in uon:
ennmate a ngn d needdres. A ldr' tlman. I Wheat o yobushel to rae 29th.4
Mr. Jcnnings., who soa bright youg 'bushels, 'barley .14.4 Lusriecis. oats 53.9
lawyerut t costs 15. leave n o he af days wtn bushels pntoe bush wated in Florida,.
the naval reservent fqr in. Hio addresodu Uitd Staes-Wheat 15-buerhels e
dier. the bcsed three hundred14.9 buhen lacas, harley German bushels, oat
pounds ptlern annum: a ha anyone Remember whrotatoeas a hu2.S ll aushel. a
well as a heandrt. When twoi anat ith C heaer. S our farmerican wut.'te a muc
same year pia ducedays that h r only moan a great deal kasore than in Ger-
is tryng tuso get evearyone there con- mh ,.I
n flour. and wcksn tld thattle. We cer- "Thur it 1 sh.w-n that r.rmary with
eean ait. They aire apparent uSo wentitieshe grat supply, or rotash la taken or
ofdipped c.ws rand establish Und Stquarat-.s, bran on account of its h.h pcrentae
this, causes him n,' alarm-. He -rmre- of potash and fed Lhi. bran to h-r stock
ly tinay. bra is for jaeka .,ss and G2r-ito nimake their lands moro fertile anl in
mans anyhow. N.-:.% GentlEni.n I ,'ant Iorder to make us ab.ututel','&ependent
to appeal to that the bll ee that the pon them for our potash supply
Amelma n acaxtnt I getold, treht of the "'to ha taken our phosphate and
headed child whcann t branter tnre quad oran- idso u. tlr basee of aonoas la_ in
the district uSitan ut bengal. Irneltrn For ,t ant dominated is c.-,mner-
Apparent Needs. e alyv, though three thousand mlre dis-
"There pareopl f the United States qct 'They abst/laincd from war until they
of quickly and resonrd effli, tly t:, ap- could find n method of piroduninir nitro-
parent and nithat are s. e I. but do nor gen at home. and then made their at-
investlgate thorcuathl'. enough ulti- tack on atn un.suspeettng ,-hilizatlon.
mat iacts and needs. A .soldlfer's "Gentlemen. I appeal to you to save the
outfitash is; al.'0 used100 of the costu ashes. tha are to be wated in Florida,
of tions .n bllk pmEntdr, a in s ool products. next inter
It takes in the sheep to suppive a 0 Th 'I appeal to you to -protect theAmerir
diefact. W used three hundred million ,'an ackass fron German ome ttition.
pounds phar abeen n before anyone remember wheat his a lull as well a
have en desrucive.d two. and th heart. SaVe our America wnet bran
same year ploduo:ed only ",1, .ifi for the Anierican jackaassInstead of the
pound-"Germ and now the potah inment lower Prussian teahe-The Beapti of Ber-
is tryinburg to get veryoned this iser con-
vnrihtfully to raise more shee for she
"We know Licks hurt caLttIe. WIe ea!0s
stole it fThey are apparent So we
dippe got owsurand establish from theuaran-
"We know that the boll weevil hurts
cotton. so'e have quarantined to reich
ant nto the sam tolt businthet andcotton
headed child cannot enter toe quaran-
tine district without being examined
for the n eevil-
Ultimate N needs.
"There ar arthreed. ssentialt elements
of plant food. namely, p mus tah, phos-
phate and nitrates.
"Potash is acan used in war muper-
tions in black powder. as is also ni-
trates in the hig expl of our Pors This
faCt splans better known to ti the Ger-
man than to thLake, NAmerian. for whlle,
ur al reins havben alo gentruct o'ef outheir&
have been when inructive.
"German owns the potaed in the of
Strassburg" district. and this i.S nraq,-
ticalhly the v.'orld'-s supply, and it
rightfully belongs to Germany for she
stole It s from France In I70. t
"Wbe got our ton tash from there un-
til the monopoly became so strong
that the X'irginia-Carchlina Chemical
Co per ent bought a mine in this dis-
trict, and imn-,ediately the reichstag
went into the saltre business, and took
over the mines.
"woode Imported n 2ne l tons a year hbe-
for, the war started. Now that supply
hicht offbears and we must ooercento our own
rash. Onute. a basis of a milli,10 ton perople
year from the flues and our Portlahnd
Cbasient plant, and do thi at a profit.
which are making -h) tons per year from
the Jess Lake wouNet and Searles Lake,
Calon regonrds nd alo get part ofounds our
supply from a giant sea-ws oed known

cents klp hicha quarter of a million hun-
fornt potAlaska on the Paci of Jcoast.
vile aiaeed when lncinerate $1.5 v.rh an
ash which i pouds 30of a per centt potash.
"Ld e limear vauimported at ptous perof
low grade ashes from Canada cmaking
boutal o$1230 per ton andanayzied poung oout
3 percent ashme of this will e to Flr-
in Floret winter we are goudin to burn
wood In Flprida. One-half will be oak.
thich bears a Mhich percentage of pot-
ash. On a basis of a million people In
the state of Florida, and figuring on the
basis of consuot helon at Caelp' Johston,
whIch is about :.ne-half a cord Ter man
per year. Florida would ese a half mil-

on the Pacird Y ou may not eof ahble
tP her cord would the crant potash. Ohelp the basispeople of Florida by show-n
ill pries this would bsve $1the.75r asres for
the fais. You can save ,it per cent
frwould be lien enemy exploitation by perp
ePnt p hosphates or 5 cents, making a
tot"Germany'sl o $2 phosphates come from her
iron leacieoundr ashes, as t a mro lmum ow
thuality and the that will poobphate bly results in
fnux for th e lime. coke would be worth
tmerci)ally I).n this a greater amount thanry.
The aksworld depended upotmen in her or pot-hird
ashLi She has undertaken and .os don-

can help the people hate market byf theo-
ingworld. She how to sac vets their asnes totul-

Sphualricv and thefrom phrhite rs for the acid

ohosphate For a while she consumedd

all of the raw r-hosphate of this coun-
try until gradually we are beh nning to
manufacture some of it ourselves
**Florida furnishes at least Fi) per cent
Sof the supply of rhosphate of the Ulnir-
ed States. The United States furnishes
more than 4A0 per cent of the world's
- unply. yet we shipped to Germany for
refinement and she sells us Thomas slag.
a low erade by-product in return, and
thus while not producinE natural phos-
rhate she controls our supply and pruts
the price on our mined product 3,00)
-nmlp. away.
"Statistics show that 471.639 torns of
hard rock were exported and of tlir
epbhle rock 2043,485 tons. out of which
6 2232 tons were exported However, Ini
1910 there were onlv 0 728 tons used do-
mrstceallv. and %600.''"0 tons were ex-
ported. So it is readily seen that while
rur mninnlg experts were Incrpestrin nur
oiomination by Germ-ny was derreas4ia
1-efore the war broke ont. and today
there are no eyoorts t.o Germanv. Our
o government Is hromln.g lr deperdrnt of
Pr.ain for her sulnhuric n.-Id and is pet-
,Ing ,;'l, from pure sulphur sources In
Lh" West.
"**Inripenitllv. It rnl-ht h'-a aild that
the little plinsoshil thrt f-ermanv dnes
orndur- I- her nwn tIo.--'he atol. Lr-
rain, in 1870. the same night she .did the
'"Gerinony eo "-r 'r"tr.iepa ,ni eiile
a.ane,-'- n''er n-.,-,-a. hirt k
il avi^1t itylt sclnce and knowing
'.'^*.^*ft^ ~ ~ A 41\ '*O^A_ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^


Monstrous Machine Operated

by Fourteen Men Clears

'Two to Three Acres of

Land in Amazing Manner.

Cost $15,000. .

Oldsmar, Fla., April 10.-Movlng-ptc-
ture operators have come to Oldsmar
to film the massive land-clearing ma-
eblnery purchased by the Reolds Farms
Company to clear Its 37,500 acres of
land around Oldsmar, 15 milts west of
Tampa on Tampa Bay. The machlno
which is attracting the most attentlomr
ie the gigantic Etump puller, the only
machine of Its kind In this-part' of tho
South. -
Great numbers of tourists and Flor-
idians passing along the automobile
road i'etween Tarrpa and St. Feteta-
burg ha-ve stopped to Eee the. opera-
tions of this big machine and at times
the road has been blocked with auto-
mobiles ..
-- yreaql& t-W r nV nnk
steel and Veilis i 0e'ii pounds an.d,
cost $15,000. It requires a crew of If
men to operate i4 aund can take thi.
stumps and living trees from two to
three acres of land ct-ery nine hours.
This giant -htas the pulling power of
three 100-ton locomotives The stroi,=
2-inch cable n-made of plow-steel can Le
put around a tree t.o feet thick and
snatch the tree out, roc6tE and all. with-
out. arn.lioriiig the machine, ;. but with
the :racninc archic.r-ie with the tuil
cable, this stumnp puller will drag out
a tree three feet in diameter at the
Uase. It can pull four large stumlIs
at on, Tne pn mn.ne carries alon- its
own matter tank o-Ilgining 12,000 pourndid
and hl.i-ng 1.50' gallons.
great t pile- of trees and .stumps have
been built up in the operations during
the ]-4it few days. and offers to buy
these pdil- have he-en received from
several parties, as inre piles are located
close to the Tampa & Giulf Coast Rail-
road running through Oldti'ar.
The mai' line >caiae :works within aL
radius of o '",i te, t arid can clear two
-cre3 ,of lind at a settirit. A small
cable pulls out tne big cable to the
t ump or tre(. around whi-h itt is to
DE atta-'hed, and after the main line
cable bEings the tree clo.e to the ma-
chiell, the cable is deacrned and a crane
attlcrn-] edI: t the srunmp-pulling machinri
lilti the .rtunip hlig ii tn e atl and
blrnip it. own on thi pile of timber
hard en,,ul-OI to jar the soil loose from
tLi roOti.
Wh i-- the cr-.w .lesir.es to move the
machine ictrwsard to the new location,
the main cable Is attached to an extra
bi tree o.r stump, the machinery is
started and the giant cable very slow-
13 0 inds up around a druin anid In this
way itn hig n'l-inilne pull itself ftor
--.rd to the nepr pot. It does not runf
on wheels out slides alour on the fiat
aides of t"i'i eniormnohs I-beams which
are turned up forward and back like
it frequently happens that some of
the best land Is most heavily grown
over with pine trees andalmettos, and
ov clearing this good soil ed aonlically,
as it is being done at O01 l ar, the
beat land can be pui on the market
cleared and drained 4, a prico within
the reach of thous nds of Pew farm
settlers, many ot whom would prob-
ably never be able to clear 20 or 40
acres th-imseives at a cost within their I
own resources. By doing this big work
fir the new cettiers the Reolds Farroa.T
Compaiis Is accomplishing something
" which has never been done before In
Florida and it marks the beginning of
& new epoch in the development of ;his
ta LOe.

a---- IM. s0io ,ean see the advantagee of getting forei gn
meh into pr- country, wJIy o cannot FloridA have the
s eafrle forest igh7t?-: :- -t : '. .

. : .

.r, .-J, -- : ,' -: '. -. '-S

:.J-:-'_:: . -' o. ,-. .: U .- ', . ,. : -: - . : ,.. .. '" /
.: . : J .. -.- : .. ., . :- .. .. . . - . -

Encouragement of Foreign Investments Prom- J
ises a Prosperous Future a
PROM Me.ico City comes welcome news in the form fr
of assurances for the security of foreign investments, lh
The Mexican Government is said to be ready to aban- be
don the policy of discouraging foreign corporations from
thle development of their enterprises, and it is reported se;
that popular sentiment upon the subject has also undergone pr,
a radical change in the direction of a more tolerant atti- on
tude. he h
A share of the credit for this new policy is giien to tio
a book recently published in Mexico and dealing with the to
question of foreign investments, the writer contending that wa
Mexico must have capital to develop her resources and dr,
that it can be obtained only from outside sources.
In the future when the sister republic becomes pros- enc
sj perous she will have ample capital of her own for new un- wh
dertakings, but until her great resources are developed she wil
i cannot do without the enterprise a'nd capital of the for- out
eign investor. in
It is not a question of-the foreigner asking for any spe- the
S cial privileges, nor for exemption from reasonable taxa- cot
4 tion upon the profits of his undertaking, but merely that the
ca\ he be given a square deal and freed from the menace of
- confiscatory measures. pro
4 With a rational policy in the matter of foreign in- rea
Svestments Mexico will not only eliminate many of her
political and diplomatic' troubles but will promote that
prosperity out ot which will come domestic order. A
prosperous people is the best of all safeguards against revo-
lution'and anarchy.
S" With more highly developed industries will come im-
proved transportation, a more widely settled country, and
in consequence of these things a lessening of the oppor- se%
t Luriities for the bands of roving brigands who seek to dis- ve
guise their lust for loot by claiming- to be political re'o- by
lutionists. po.
And as Me.ico recognizes the value of American in- wi
vestments there will be more friendly relations between the th
two countries. And when there is greater friendship
among the Americas there need'be no fears in regard to s
the maintenance of the Monroe Doctrine.
p *

Its Success Will Be Best Assured by Rigid a
Economy-From Now On
SECRETARY of the Treasury Gla.sz expresses per-
fect confidence in the ability of the American people
to subscribe and pay for the coming Victory loan. which ii
it is now supposed will reach $6,000,000.000. That ii
it will be taken we do not doubt. That the number of F
subscribers will equal that of subscribers to the fourth %
Liberty loan is improbable. Some millions of the sub- ii
scribers to the last loan were coerced into subscribing for ti
more than they could pay for without depiving theic it
* families of necessities, and that is what caused all the a
war loans to fall below par. Compelled to sell, they a
took what they could get and nothing that an extra
session of Congress could do would stop it. M
The loan will be subscribed, but the amount of it e
which the banks will be compelled to take will depend o
largely upon the disposition shown to economize at Wash-
ington. If war expenditures are to be kept up or ap- ri
proximated in time of peace individuals will not be si
inclined to subscribe, an undue share will be thrust on
to the banks, which will of necessity hypothecate them
with the Federal reserve banks. which will issue Federal 1
reserve notes against them, and the money will come not
from the savings of the people, but in the form of a still
greater inflation of our currency, which will tend still
further to inflate prices and so make it more and more
difficult to get back to normal conditions.
We desire to pay our war bills and quit. WVe want
an end to war expenses. \Vhen Secretary Glass says
that with all bills paid we can reduce oui expenses from
$2,000.000.000 a month to $2,000.000,000 a year,
plus interest and sinking fund charges, he does not say
enough. What the people want is to reduce to the pre-
war scale of $1,000,000,000 a year, which," of course,
means an actual reduction of things attempted because
prices are higher. If individuals have to scrimp and
save to pay wai debts they will insist that the Govern-
ment shall ako scrimp and save to keep down peace
expenses till we catch up. If individuals must go with-
out what they really need to help the Government, the
Government must go without what it really needs to
help the people.
It does not now look as if that was the intention of
anybody at Washington. More aid more "Govern-
menit" enterprises are urged. Let the Government get
out of railroad, telegraph and other business enterprises
and leave the "education of the people" to 'the state
schools and enterprises and give private enterprise a
chance to reassert itself and we shall get on as well
as ever.

California o Collect t
Inheritance Tax From
H. M. Flagler Estate

(By Acnorlaned Preumi.
SAN FRANy'ISCO, Dec. 19.---Suiti to
force the payment rf n f500,000 itihiri-
r tauce tax ro the r. tat of t' jlif,.rnia
L from tLo e"-ate ,f th.- late H r&ry 51.
Flagklr, Stan.ard Oil Company magnr ate,
was started here Mondar by John S.
Cha.nmber, state- .comptroller.
YTe action covers sctok in the Stand-
ard oil Cimpany of Ca:ifornia and bonds
Lt the Grcatrw,-tern P.awder Company
.alued at apprr.xsimatnly $3.t.00,t'Oi). It
is directed against ithe Fidelay and Col-
umbia Trust (Company and Ju.'lg Robert
Worth BiEnhIam, boti of Lou.ivillle. Ky.
ed The trust company is the udmiLnistrator
m.- '- th. elat.:. Jndge Bin.gbam married
elt flagler's wLdow.

as -Must Use Army Fliers
ice For Air Mail Service
(ByT Associated Press)
d W WASHINGTON, Dec. 19.-The annual
postoflice aprpropriation bill, carrying a
0 total of $357.250.0oo, was passed late
yesterday by the house with an amend
ir ment requiring the postmaster general
1 tn use army avaittrs for mail airplanes
Tr- instead of orgaryzing a separate, postal
'ar dying coiLrs. T'is is the frst of the'1920
he,suolvy measures ti be. passed by the.
house. It now goes to the senate.
,O0 Other provisions o:.f the bill direct
Lt) that the secretary 'of war shall turn over
4.) immediately to the p.-.str.fi-c departme6 ,
10 more than 200 alilanos' for, txLteis
0 f the surriecr. Tl. machines speci
0) include 100 Dei Hariland four's,
H d Pags and ,10 Glen Marnia




Government May Be Induced to Establish Such an Enterprise in This
City-New Process Is a Feature of Economy Bryan Jennings,
Soan of Ex-Governor W. S. Jennings, Made an Able Address Before
Organization Yesterday.

Important matters relative to the that she could not win a war ,without
further development of this city were these elements, knowing that the time
discussed at a meeting of the Jack- would come when she must be self-sup-
sonville Real Estate Board, held in porting in order to carry out her plan,
the Hotel Mason yesterday, beginning she set her chemists to work to find some
at 12:30 p. m. domestic supply.of nitrates, with the re-
Bryan Jennings, son of ex-Gov. W. sult that the Haber system of reducing
S. Jennings, spoke before the organ- atmospheric nitrogen. into a useful form
ization on ultimate conservation, from the air which is composed of 78 per
George E. Brown was appointed a cent nitrogen, 'but the process was not
committee to select a location which perfect, and later the cyanamid process
will be recommended to the govern- was discovered which is the uniting of
ment authorities, with the idea of ob- atmospheric nitrogen with calcium car-
taining for this city a dehydrating bide by electrolosis, and when her plants
plant, were completed and operating she im-
Being Established. mediately started on her scheme of world
It is not known to some people that conquest, confident of victory, and her
such plants are being established 'in chemists here absolutely accurate in all
various sections of the country, and, but one thing-that was that starch
n Veuw of th eon o ed by could not replace animal _r'.-nn-tinaL the
the warof this conditions, caused by United 'States could not be made to en-
the war. this movement may termi- ter into the war under any conditions.
nate in the final development of a grear and that the arnkee soldier any could notions,
industry. at Yankee soldier could not
The process is that of taking the "get her goat."
liquid out of fruits and vegetables in 'We get our nitrates from Chile. The
order to preserve and condense them fact that our government buys direct
It is said that this method has been from Chile 100,000 tons and sells it to
practiced in England, and that British the farmer helps the pocket books, but
soldiers have recently eaten tomatoes does not effect the ultimate result.
that were subjected to this process "The fact remains that we coke .sixty-
during the South hAfrican war. It is nine million tons of coal per annum. Two.
said that this treatment will reduce irds of thirds of this is done by the open furnace
sixty pounds to one pound in weight, process at a loss of $1.60 per ton in ni-
and the original strength is still ob- rates. However, wesave 400,000 tons, but
tained, and it will provide as much should savethree times that amount. At
food as in the original state, present we are saving about half as
The real estate board has been in- much as we ship from Chile, and our
formed that if the city or county will government has recently appropriate
anr ,r.-.pri,,..- '."' ,)0 the government twenty million dollars for a nitrate plant
-AI Iv r.p..:ri lAr a similar amount for al. o' --l- oShoales. Ala.
th, .'ra lj,,.r,rr,.:ht of a plant. Already ';-r,,an chemists have taken a sterile
the real estate board has in mind a soil and made it produce double the
building that could be used for such crops that are produced in our country
an enterprise, on our fertile soil, as is shown by the fol-
lowing comparison:
Jennings' Addsress.m o Germany-AWheat ke 33.4 bushels, rye 29.4
Mr. Jennings, who is a bright young 'bushels, barley 40.4 bushels, oats 53.9
lawyer will leave in a few days with bushels, potatoes 2&S4 bushels.
the naval reserve force. His address United States-Wheat 15.8 bushels, rye
before the board follows: 16.9 bushels, barley 29.6 'bushels, oats
"Gentlemen: Wheat has a hull as 87-. bushels, potato:. 11.S8 bushels.
w11 a a heart... When this fact is However, c'ur rrametr. cultivate a much
cad the attention of te attention of the average greater area, and in fast produce per
Anir-r",n he says that -he is only tman a great deal -more than in Ger-
willing to use the heart of the wheat many.
in flour, and when told that the Ger- "Thus it is shown that Germany with
mans are in'r', rSi,, 1 great quantities her great supply of potash has, taken our
-. f 1''heat L-. aru r:.rrn the United States, bran on account of its high percentage
this causes him no alarm. He mere- of potash and fed this bran to her stock
ly says braa is for jackasses and Ger- to make their lands more fertile and in
mans anyhow. Now Gentlemen I want order to make us absolutely dependent
to ap- k] ',to you to see that the 'upon them for our potash supply. I
Anmer. r.n jackass gets more of the "They have taken our phosphate and
.Xn.t-r..an raised wheat bran instead of sold us their basic of Thomas slag in
the I' ,',: r Prussian animal. return for it and dominated us -.rmrm r-
A' parent Needs. dcially, though three thousand nil.- 'i '-
"The r..-.:.-rie r.i th United States set "They abstained from nar until they
quickly andr re p.:r ,:i efficiently to ap- could find a method of pr.:.ui.:in, nitro-
pa'rent rn...d, tate si seen, but do nC gen at home, and then rr, d their at-
,n'.'en-t, ~.. [hi.:.r.:.ughly e'nouha i ult- tack on an ur,n uine':ting .',. ,-L7.ati..n
mate isr. ar.ai needs. A :.ldr' "Gentlemen I ar.p'al itn o"..' to save the
outfl c.:,--l ti $i r 0 15 $100 of the cost ashes that are ,p. 1,e T -i{Ld in Florida,
ou thij-s couprrniei is in wool products, next winter.
it tak',- Lzw-r,t:,' cheep to supply a sol- "I appeal to you to protect the Ameri-
d-r. We used three lhiundrd milli.-n .'a, akis -, from Germarin .:omp-ltion.
pc.iid, per annum, b .,-,r.r sr:.,.,n. R,.,,--, r whJt l h a a .1l ar %-,-ll 1
hiiak, one and1 DIIruti.n [h_-rarn ,.Se oor AmerieaiIn c 'rn b,nr
same yesr produced orly 291.01.16 1.1A f.,. th,. Anrr,'.sli i a,:ka ,n'tead of tr.,ir
:,irial.! and ns:,o tile govfrann, 1,th1ler PrusSian bea--The Beast of Bpr-
tr". .I1r:. A'r, w` i e re 'on- lin.
* sen' urnt I' ) ra..t nr..:r- a l." c
k\'i ; knov.'. ilk-' huirp e XX'tI. i-
i,** It T Li,, ai-" : .: npp i'-, t, S,;, .-.'-i v`-,
dipp.,l e ifro an] : st'bl '0 qiaran-
ti e.
'V 't kn) that the boil 'ev'il hurts
C'-mttOn. '.- \,' lehave quarantinr,.d tc t .icli
an extent i am m ',ld ilhlit di a c 'ti n
liemad-:ld child. cannot gnt.r rr,, n quaran-
tnei d;itricr v tlahou bu-ing s xamd inEt
for bool wev t,
*.AU Ultimate N 1 1
"T .'r.:. anr,'h i '.' rto 1o rllo-'n
of plant li,:,, n sar el-',., p.ot., s, p eor-
rieat- land nitrate ,.
"P.:,.a li .. aI_,'. 4 l0'='] irt "l'ar muni-
tWli.nr in "ln'k ptdn.r 'a Is aleoe ni- I
trh'i.s in, t Ni'- i.hi earl p,,'i This
start seer m hb.irr kno.i.'n -i tiie Ger-
man than t.o ith Am rhi.:an. i.. while
Thir 3irnr .s', .::r ,,:hrn r i .rhetrte theirs
have iz..n .1.-1ru'ti',.?.
"Germany owns the potash in the
Stra -'brg d(1 -ti,.: and ibii 5s 'rac-
tI ally "i"- I.'I i' .],pp1'. and it
rql',i"fIll, Iblongs to ,v.-rr ,an."y for she
i-toe it'.r.,r France in 1870.
"lWe got our potash from there un-
til the monopoly becaxne so strong
that the Virginia-Carolina Chemical
Company bought a mine in this dis-
trict, and immediately the reichstag
went into the salt business and tookn
,over the mines.
". imported 250,000 tons a year be-
for.' ihe. war started. Now that supply
r 'ut c.f and we must look to our own
r-.:.lur_-. We can save 100,000 tons per
year, from the flnes of our Portland
Cement plants, a nd do-this at a profit.s
We aree making. i.W tons per year from
the Jess Lake, NTT,.r, .and Sear-les Lake,
Cal., regions. We also get part of our
supply from a giant sea-weed known
as kelp which grows from lower Cali-
fornia to Alaska on the Pacific coast.
This weed when incinerated ,gives an
ash which is 30 per cent potash.
"Last year we imported 6,000 tons of
low. grade ashes from Canada costing
about $18 per ton and. analyzing about
3 per cent. Some of this came to Flor-
"Next winter we are going to burn
wood in Florida. One-half will be oak,
which bears a high percentage of pot-
ash. On a basis of a million people in
the state of Florida, and figuring on the
basis of consumption at Camp Johnston,
per year, Florida would use a half ml-
lion cords and at 100 pounds of ash
per cord would be at least on a 50 per
cent basis a quarter of a million hun-
dred-pound units, there would be 56 per
cent potash. On the basis of Jackson-I
ville prices this would be $1.75 worth to
the 100 pounds of ashes; a 0 per cent
Should be lime, valued at ic; plus 2 per
cent phosphates, or S cents, making a
total of $2.30 per hundred pounds of
unbleached ashes. At a minimum ofm
200,000 hundred-pound barrels you will see
that the ashes that will probably result
in Florida next winter would be worth
$l60.000. which is a greater amount than
the Jacksonville allotment in the Third
Liberty Loan. I '
"You cannot help the kelp production
on the Pacific. You may not be able
to help scrape the cement flues, but you
can help the people of Florida by show'
ing them how to save their ashes for c
the farms. You can save wheat bran
from alien enemy exploitation by proper
I national legislation after the war.
"Germany's phosphates come from her
iron foundries, as her iron is of a low
quality and the phosphate results in a.
flux for the lime, coke and impurities in
the iron when blasted, giving up a flux
known as Thomas slag', and sold com-
mercially in this country.
"The world depended upon her for pot-
ash. She has undertaken and does dom-
mate the phosphate market of the
world. She has acid vats to make sul-
phuric acid from pyrites for the acid
phosphate. For a while she consumed
all of the raw phosphate of this coun-
try until gradually we are begrinting to
Smanufacture some of it ourselves.
"Florida furnishes at least O per cent

of the supply of nhosphate of the Unit-
ed States. The United States furnishes
more than 40 per cent of the world's
sunply, yet we -hinrl to Germany for
refinement and she seils us Thomas slag,
a low grade by-product in return, and
this while not producing natural phos-
phate she controls our supply and puts
the price on our mined product 3,000
minlcs away.
"Statist,.-s show that 473,639 tons of
hlie rock were exported and of the
r.ebhle ro%.k 2.043,46 tions. out of which
.5'. 2., !ons were erNnrltrl However, in
IY'n. tcicre were onlh" ,wr 7 tons used do-
m"sti-sallv. and W'W'.'"*l tons were ex-
p.-,rtcd So it is radilly seen that while
--ur mining exports were lnirr"'=ln' nrur
.'i'ominatlin by Germnny w'.-q ..'.-r.aesna
hefnra the war broke Slit. nnd today
here asi no e"cnorts to Germany. Our
r-overnmnent Is be-rrniln-r 1deperdent of
npain fnr her -,l.hiinrl- neid, and is get-
ting this from pure sulphur sources in
tb'i West.
Ir..-i.q.nrl iv r rnhiht be said that
tha IIilll, .' n.ri'r.l tlint Oermanny does
nrnduvc i her own to--~he stol" Lnr-
rains in 1870, the same night she did the
r.-.t l. .1,
I crr i llonv go< 1,r 'fratteq f"nrn (C ile
'l. svimen r'l-'v t nne nnc an." knwnbt.
tlinviOC a null v g conscience and knijwing

I ma
sugo Ano ,
true Like
iety, sutII

,en- I i/A i
rail- (VIN So
raph, T,14 Sh

how- M EN l 4o I h
1Ve T 14r N jMr._rD rShe
ed to O

sug- Or

ter is T Lde ,,
ex(EtTrtA cou An

Isolu- MANY O. ST An
tween H
daily pr RIE

how- B0
relief Sir

whichbe \ A
no in-

Iexto/ DPt
one ofh!
popular r and T

ustrie SUREGbusT
o deny T ELL 014 YO U
ithority -

he regu- Sl

I not be oB

'INT.like he

in- theBeen

try and and the
ind thee
ng and
s from "n
re the da o
re does don't

t, but In [. n,-
tates made r E
8n itS~g

_& some' of our foolish thoughts and re- home to negotiate a prize fight while little of England, two qf the great winging do
dll0 -'rtJ i' h u rn ifu l flkr. TT[] 111. %-. f m , a n




T- Madiso.
The Southern Review, Name of the New Publication, the tence

First Issue of Which Will dome From the Press Were

o About Jan 1-City Selected Owing to Location. con
an illic-
-- ---redhan'
An.,ni-eLent was made last this time the mobilization' of mlate- cers ene
lught that The Southern Review, a rial re-sources will not avail. The di.-trict
Sf natl.,nal southern magazine, has future of the nation depends up,,:"' 'ebb
... been established in Ashe-~ ile, and how quil.kly and how tho:.roug-hly the day in
ent the i]r.3 issue will appear about Jan- country can mobilize its thought- and pa
at Lary I 15C:0. Offices have been t k- its clear headed public opinion. pal, Jo-
rgc en in the Hayv.uood t-uijldiiing and the "Of the 78,560,380 native popula- same ti.
iief '*r*tra,.t t "' Lthe printing has been tion in the United States in 1910, the the be
ich 'signe.r' witn Hackney and Moale, of thirteen states of the south proper sentence
this city The co-operation of a had 24,984,206, or nearly one-third. of $10S
the number of the leading southern un- Of the 13,515,868 foreign population, Foll
l i.'e.r.ltits has been secured, in order the south had only 640,129, or about ly a ri
lie tnat Tne Southern Review may be one-twenty-fifth. In other words, tween
the a true expression of the best of one-third 'of the native born popula- Rock
southern thought. Articles by the tion of the country lives in the south. month.
o foremon.st 'men and women of the This means that one-third of the $200,
eral south in politics, education, and lit- burden of Americanism rests on tailing
lli erature, have been promised for the shoulders of the south. The lo ed
,ville early issues and will be a regular south must contribute its quota to his sa
e of, feature of the magazine. The South- that great democracy of public opin- ten da
h:ch ern Review will be largely circulat- ion from which our institutions draw Juda
adge ed in the south but will also be dis- their sustenance and receive th-ir ed a l
vis- e ntiuied throughout the larger cities ultimate .nctiun. The era of re- of cut
fled of the north and w c:,nstrucct;n i moro perilous than proper
,er- The Southern Review will have an the p[.r,i d .-ar, and whild there is ley Df
nim- able editorial staff and advisory board le3 gliry in the tasks of peace, de- distilli'
be the personnel of which will be an- sertion Is fraught with graver con- cases
iiciri.ed later, sequences. reserve
F. The establishing of this magazine "It is upon the recognitl.:.n that tify fo
ipal' in tne city is another insitance- t the south has a distncEt .:r.'Ice to Law;
1is Ah--h. ille being chosen as a center perform, a unique and valuable con- a plea
'te, for work of national scope. South- tribution to make to. American. rc-bbbn;
us- ern people have realized the great thought of today that The S.uEiEri roulIn,
:e- need which has existed in the past Review has been founded. The ef- bc..,s'
as- for a 'magazine which would do foer fort of The Southern Review wili hbe Wash
J. thle south what ine "Surnet" m.1,- t,o fuinish an organ through whhicn Salud:
an.Ine do,:, in r-prEscnting the wh'er this contribution to Amerikan liie a line
or the Sen ice which innunierabl. ,a.' be unified and made more of- tilling.
mag.unTes perform for the cast. fective. Its .urpoz-e will be politi-
The inagazin" v.ill b.: handome- cal in that it ,ill try to sol:-idify the A'TI
ly arrangi'd and the c.:,,'..r d..-ien c,:,nstriutl'.e sentiment of the south. ICES
will b. the product .:,f a I.:.:al ,-,rti.-. but. this purpose v.ill be primary 11 A..
The rea.'sun that .he.'iIc as ,chos-.:n only in the sense of the urgency at MESSP
A M is that the postal zone rates make this time for the gathering together KNEES
it, advisable to publish, and distrib- of the upbuilding forces of the coun-
"ute from a geographic point equally r-., Trno more essential purpose of
d;ifant and accessible fom all points the magazine wivil be t:. crystallized Ecz
of ilh south. In addition to this arnd gie exlrE--:ion to the b-st of C
there Is the i problem in the larger south,-rn thought in politics, eco-
High cities of printers' strikes which will nomics, education, literature and
ishi, be obviated 'by the selection of this criticism, and to stimulate serious
sh, city as a center. -thinking and discussion on social i
The following is a prospectus of and community problems. e h
the magazine which is being sent out "Tho magaz-ine will stand for prog- body fa
to all parts of the country and i-.hich re-s, but the i,,nd o progrei.s which rary re.
has been characterized by one of Ith ],,,,k- back%%ard as well a3 feorv.ard, only a i
foot- foremost southern educators and whichh is cequiliy impatient of injus- ZRSON
in the writers, as' "a ringirg clhallengc- t. .c' e Eanctint.-d by time and far- lin ot r
school constructive patri.tl..i"'' which, fetched Idealism unseasoned by ex- to me.
s been "would reeC-,e. a cordial reception perience. 'It Will ry to v.weld together Street,
-cactice in every well-ordered southern the best of the past with the prom- Patersd
ng the home:" Ise of the future. The Southern Re- honest
Greens- "To the Vhlnking mea and women ,.-iew will enda.ir to fl1ll that great first str
of the de-lntry therd-"aa.:-&,:,ne forth lack which so many have felt ex- rTN'TM.
become an uraant call for help-help, to the Isted. It will furnish a forum and a a big .b
i.;:,nship nation at the most critical tine in clearing house foir the south as a kong it,
-m have Its history. It is not an appeal for whole which no organ of any kind I 'gus
(.:nJ the money, not a call for men to do mil- does.today, and by so doing will help because
of Fri- ,tary service-It Is a. call for- con- inould together southern public opin- power t
iortunity tituctive thinking, the best thought iopstimul.1te .:.uihern talent and co- who
y morn- that can be broiight to bear on the ordinate southern progreash ie effort. '1'ene
id it is grave problems that are "menacing First and last its aim wUl be to bi'n d
r of the the future of America. The coun- serve "-he south. s inbQi
e. Sev- try mobilized its vast resources over "we are entering an age of great gist will
are ex- night to meet a serious emergency. promise,. New currents are sweep- killed e .
A graver emergency exists today and Ing in upon us. In spite of strife N. Y..
'ren .. and discouragement. It is a day of supply
gr-eat opportunity. Clogging dams
W of inertia, old habits of thought have
been broken by the terrible s.rmni IJgt
AIR through which we have just pass6e. lsUl
The air is vitalized and new hori-
zons are beithg disclosed. If' the fl, f
great unrest is alarming in some of i I
S it aspects, It is also the struggle of
". great things in the making. It is
weakness to accept the present tur- For a I
body .moll as occasion for alarm. It must Heal
S!,rthing be. accepted as a challenge to re-
9 sponsibillty, a moral obligation
Somes which no enlightehed man or woman The
J. TO ,can evade. from
"If you feel, as all who love the a slur
south and know its problems so ear- gest ,
neatly do, that the south needs a be afr
magazine that will publish its liberal K. &
and sane thought. we ask you to T41
oin us in out effort to serve that feet'c
rapidly growing body, the forward with I
lodkinKg men and women of the and J.
south.' It's.
'i to- home
a r. 'ICES "id""T C TURCH, om'
"eld fI 7,'*, 1" .. i

S / ,






Bryan Jennings, Vice President of
; Realty Board, Working With Sena-
tor Fletcher Placed Matter Be-
fore Comme''cial Congress.

A committee of five from the South-
ern Commercial Congress will cooperate
v. Ih the Jacksonville real estate board
in estabLshing the sugar Industry
in Florida, and to make recommenda-
ilons to congress as it deems expedi-
Cn-t arid proper for the furtherance of
the sugar Industry in the state of
Florida, and the South."
A reiplutlon, passed by the Southern
Commercial Congress in session In Sa-
vannah this veeK, commends the Jack-
'onville real estate board for Its work
to develop the sugar industry in Flori-
da. and endorses the movement to
raise in this country enough sugar
for the TuatlQn.
SiSugar Situation.
The Florida sugar situation as
placed before the Southern Commercial
Congress in Savannah by S Bryan
Jcnnings. vice president of the Jack- I
soni lle real estate board. Florida's
seniorr senator, Duncan U. Fletcher,
working w Ith Mr. Jennings, deserves
great credit for this piece of work.
Mr. Jennings states that Senator
Fletcher remained a day longer than
he had planned to do the work unlth.
Him in bringing before the congress
Florida's sugar possibilities, and In
getting the congress to give unquali-
fied endorsement to the movement to
increase the production of ugar In the
United States sufrlelent to supply the
country's needs. The United States
consumes 4,36.l9.S tons, or 8,793,.96,iXi
pounds of sugar annually.
The ability of Florida to produce
more sugar on an equal acreage and
under similar conditions than can be
produced by the beet sugar growers
of the West Is brought out in the reso-
Text of tResolution.
Following Is the complete resolution I
as passed by. the congress: Wnrreas:
In order to produce raw material
necessary for the production of 4.64.9'5S,
tons of sugar con--umed by the United I
States in 1'll it would require 47'i:.i iX
beet sugar iariners as against '"s)it.
- cane farmers, and the number of
farmers required for cane can De still
further reduced by implement pow er
tillage and mechanical harvesting. To
produce the sugar referred to would
,. rEquire two /hion nine&hundred acres
of western irrigated land. valued at
over .415 i per acre, as against l.1i-i.-
61 acres of Southeastern muck land
valued at -.5 per acre. It would re-
quire 311 average WeEstern beet sugar
factories to conv.-rt the beets into
sugar. as against 70 factories. required
in the cane fields and the value of"
tie beet sugar lands required for our
donimEstic supply an'ount to Wi t.iw').iyii.
W hereaa: The heet sugar industry is
in ,pable of expansion on account of
labor required, and the only means
of meeting the increasing demand for
sugar is by establishing a new cane
sugar field, and,
Whereas: There is a great area of
muck land in the boutnern part of
Florida, large enough to supply the
sugar for America, and in which area
the state of Florida owns more than
"-4 of a million acres, which is now
being opened up as a sugar field by
the Pennsylvania Sugar Refineries Co.
and other companies. and.
Whereas: The Jacksonville real
estate board has caused to be pre-
pared a booklet on the subject of
sugar by C. Lyman Spencer, and has
bent over 3.01)0 copies throughout the
United States, as an educational cam-
Be it resolved, that tle Southern
Commercial Congress approves of the
iJmovement to produce American sugar
for American consumption, and corm-
mends the Jacksonville real estate
board's activity on behalf of the
South's great .-uar industry.
That a committee of five be ap-
pointed by the director general of the
Southern commercial congress. to co-
operate with the Jackson'llle real
estate board in establishing the sugar
industry in Florida, and to. make such
recommendations to congress as it
deems expedient and proper for the
furtherance of the sugar industry.' Jn
the state of Florida, and the South."
Off to Swine lMert.
Mr.'JenningE returned from Savan-
,nah yesterday afternoon and im-
mediately departed for Orlando where
he will attend the Swine GroC er- As-
sociation meeting in that cii et:.' He
will discuss the possibilities of Florida
as a sugar state before that body.
and endeavor to Lecure the active
support of rhe association in a state-
wide movement to develop the sugar
Industry of this state.


IBER 82.

$100,000 From

70-Acre Grove

of Grapefruit

emendous Profit Being Made
From This Season's Yield
\ From Flagler Grove In
Dade County

early $100.000 worth of fruit will
have been taken from the 70-acre Flagler
grapefruit grove when all has t~eer
shipp-ed, providing prices continue as hig
as tbe-.v have averaged -, far this seaSom
according to .tat,-meiuts made today
Juhn J. Hin:,on. manager and developed
of this grove. This is about $1.4?.0 per
Appr,'-ximately 20.000 boxes, or .57 car-
load-, have been shipped to market al-
ready. from which returns all the wuy
fronjm .'.6. to $3 75 f. o. b have been
receiv,.d. About 10,000 boxes remain t:
be shipped. lMr. Hir,u-n betljves that tb,
last pait of the c-rop will be sold at hig'
pri,:es. as the market has been steadi
getting stronger for the last few weel
and the fruit being pretty w.1ll moved c
* of the state.
Unn-,jal demand for grapefruit "
created during the winter by the indtuen
pidemi.. doctors generally recomme
tng it for patient-. As a result the gra
fruit crop moved out of the state mui
faster than it was ever known to do b,
The excellent prices received this .Fea
are resulting in Ltb planting of a larg
number of new grovs, and oin the buyiun
and seLLing of a number (of grove prop-
erties. Activity in grapefruit groves hae
bern particularly reported from the Red-.
lands section, wht'e some of the finest
of L[ade Icounty'; groves are located.
An unusuaJly heavy blom coming jon
the trees of the Redlands section gives
promise of anoLer ig cro.p next year.
r% IAIr-

* The highest human vir- A YCROSS
* tue People of Ware are *
* loyal
:. : + .... JOURNAL 24 YEARS OLD


OiRRA LThe most far-reaching 0
4' Business Word-Waycross W
SCo-operates .


In arguing the cases before the
Supreme Court on November 2u. and
21, 1915. Elihu Root and others ap-
li.aring int Olrpoitlion to tle prO'bhll)-
tion acts intended tlat wiartim?
[lrohio ition wai urir- -ti[. utti;onai Lie-
-Lqi e I-'o n r e -v e s tl a d n o p o .A lr t'.' p i -. -
biblit rthe sale of !ittox\ ?i itl s v.Itihll :1
rI'I(e rxt C-pr ulii.l I itr war it,,,,r,
v"li.:li l:rtl e.i-ed; that thrle ac- t o 0 -
lletd v.' a1h the Fifth Con-E itut uonal
ui. nendl mei nt p ulhilhttlig tl,, t lal.in, '.-

I D L 1 l I I '-' 1 e 0 IV i i n.Tr jl u,11 t *D-'nti-
invalid Tti :'P .aniie frolo .Ne'- 'ori.li.
i n vaIIa T 1.--, ,- ah)O. 'rj!hl .N,%." L' i _.[ z,- o rin and. that the \'*,rF i3,'d teo in-
where hloth a.ts I .er,'_ .tu'talned. irled ial:ing Ih,- -tt l
Beside- the millior'i Ot diollr in- lid.
vested iin lr.-A'.%:\ and diLtilllne a
plants the decision af-c ts appi ox~- Tho.se: conteintirn .- e. -r: g nr.i-ally
mately' 6,00)0.00i gallons of whli' K-.v rEfued by Solicitoi General Kingann
valued alone at between ll..i)0(iA.i William L Wrierson Azssistant Attor-
and $200.6"00.000. according to inter- ney G-eneral. a'ppearin.- on the goi-
nal revenue official.' estimates. ernment'. bH'half. v.-ho took the posi-
The cases of the Kentuck.y Distil- tion that the prohibition act s still
series and Warehouse Company ot in full force owing to the Senate's- (-
Louisville, Ky., and Dr'yfoo.-, Blum dlay in ratifying the Peace Treaty.
& Co., of New York, were virtually that a state of war technically ex-
Identical and resulted from efforts 10 ists, that national prohibition wae
compel the government to rel-as~e. nec-e-ary for the winning of the w.r
whiskey from bond. The third case, and the establishment later of nor-
an appeal of Jacob Ruppert, a brewer mal peace conditions and that suctj
of New York, involved authority un- legislation came within the war pow-
der the acts to manufacture beer con- ers of Congress.



Dot pat, Esthonia, Dec. 15 bhy Asso-
ciated Press).-Unless unforeseen de-
velopments occur, peace between Es-
thonia and Soviet Russia will be anu
accomplished fact -in the near fulrue,
inspite of the denials that there is
seemingly no object to accept terms
framed on the lines of the Bolsheviki.



London. Dec. 15 (by the Associatea
Press).-Lloyd Gebrge announced in
the House of Commons this afternoon
that no Irish bill would be introduced
at this session of Parliament. He
promised that he would issue a state-
ment next Monday giving an outline
of the proposed measure.



Barely two hours alter retiretimelit
thie jury in the case of C G. Ciosbv,
charged with murder, arrived at a d,-
cision Saturday afternoon andbrought
In a verdict of guilty of manslaugh-
ter, imposing a sentence in the pent-
teniiar.3 of not less than three and
not more than five years W. L H.:r-
per was foremLan.
Crosby.'s counsel were not in the
city today and it could not be learned .
whether or not a motion for a unev
trial will be filed. It is. generally tbe--
lieved, however, that no steps in that
direction will be taken.

. *. *. 4* *4*
4 Washington. Dec 15 bhy Asso- +
+ ciated Press).-The Weather Bu- +*
reau announces that the weath- *1
4 er will be colder tonight and 4
Tuesday. Freezing temperature 4
as far South as the cetitral por- +
tion of Florida is predicted. 4
4* Low temperature will continue
elsewhere east of the Mississippi
during the next 36 hours
4 . 4 4 4 4. 4



Washington, Dec. 15 (by Associated
Press).-As the result of the almost
unanmnious decision of the National
Committee of Steel Workers to con-
tinue the steel strike, leaders of the
union are today going ahead with
plans for an active field campaign.
which they said will be:carried on rot
at least four years if necessary.




VWas hinton, Dec. 15 (by Associated I training 2.7 per cent alcohol.

OLM11IL [r1OOLO DiLL Eadoglilc. Chief of Staff of loeral for ithe night, and Inspection of the
INRODUCED v B ARRI Diaz. will probably come to ome river and sound the following morp-
Tuesday to confer with Premier ,itti inr'. James E. Calkins, of Fernandina.
who will at that time make a prtere in a short but eloquent address o-"
WasJington, Dec 1 by As-.ociated declaration to the Chamber Qf welcome. introduced the Hon. Charl.-s
Prsstltes with respect to the Fiu4e Hall Davi. of Petersburg. Va., as
Press I- Without doubt, t[ie Senate, i
today adopted and Lent to the House question. p- rteiding officer Mr. Davis stated, i,.
a resolution introduced by Senator
Harric. of Georgia. authorizing ari
e ng i r,t:e-r to construct pontoon
bridge-, af at est Puint. G9.



Stopping at the Pheenix Hotel two
pretty girls. Misses N. Newall anl
G A. Ulre Saturday .:v.re nearin-
the completion of a trip to a Florida
resort, travelled to the city from
Ohicago in a Ford. The yoitin
tourists' l.ft Waycross last night
and by tonight hope to reach their
destination in Henry's tnarvelou
machine. It is difficult to s~a
whether the rare feat is. an achieve.
nicnt for the girls, or just another of
those nccomrplishrnentL of a Ford.
Asked if their trip was a plea-;ant
on'e, both young ladise -ered it
was Said one of then:
Before 'we started on the trip
* we gave lot of thought to the make
of car we would use and afte-r care-
P ful consideration selected a Ford.
! Well, it is a little rough at times.
v but the experience is a jolly one.
0 You bet we're happy we're nearing
-b the end of the journey. But let me
4 tell you, it's great. Try it some-
I times 'when you haven't anything
| else to do."

American soldiers upset a lot of oldl customs while in France This ia
probably the only existing photograph of any one Leated on Napoleon's
throne in the Paloce of Fontainebleau. It' was an audacious, sightsee-
ing doughboy who obtained permission to seat himself in the historic
arm chair.

ed at the conference 'held last weak
under the auspices of the Mississippil
Gullt and Atlantic Canal Association
to itromote the con-truction ofI an IIi-
1.11.1 -atierway. to Ci.nnect the Mitt-i
sippi with. pna extent it to the- At-
laI C Oc L-.iI, andl the endorsement 1:'
hi- p',l .', -t e-i-l'ured by ta ,io::-'I '

wa- satisfactorily demonstrated dur-
ing the course of deliberation by the
larg-e iody of delegates.
It was pointed out that the vast
corn and wheat markets of Iowa,
iI..lgigan. WjVcon:iu and tile other
Middle West States v.ill tind an ave-
nue for foreign trade easily acc.essl-


W A'.111INr'GTON HAS X hi PC0'''T OFFICE ON WHREELS-What i- beiiexvd to be the firsr. pot ice on

\b,-tei'sl. i in r c inh .. t-, ,. D. to hell) :n the "Mail Earl "' p rg for Cihristu lar. l

RE CH Ithlje Board of Trade of St. Mary's. the H
GeorgL.a ChambbK of Commn Tce, the
Riume, Dec. 4s (by tb Asaociatd North Florida'- Chamber of, Com- Egl t Pa-s, Dec. 15 (tby Asst aterd
Press)... P-tparations a underwiyv riierce. the Atlanta Chamber of Com- Press Fred C. Hugo. Am ican
for the evacuation of Fiu e -by D'Aa- merce. the Milssissippi Gullf and At- manag of the Dobie ranch, wh as
nunzio and occupation o he city by lantic Canal Association and various captur by Villa men near M iua
a contingent of the reg ar Itallon other civic and commercial bodies of last w has been released, accord-
army, headed by Gene 1 Cavillia, Georgia and Florida, about 75 dele- 'ing to devicess received here today.
former Minister of War. gates and distinguished visitors, were No ran m was paid.
Italy to have complete overignty taken by the Governmept Ship Swa-
over Fiume and all the p i sions or rnmit from the sessions of the South- Was gton, Dec 15 (by Associated
the London treaty are to carried ern Commercial Congress at Savan- Pressi The American Embassy at.
out under the terms sign 'by Pre- nab, to inspect the route of the na- Mexic ityy has been directed by the
mier Nitti and D'Annunzio, cordIng tion al canal and determine as to State apartment to make represen-
to a statement by D'Annun press, feasibility. The party arrived in Curint- station to the Mexican Government
representative. berland Sound at the head of Amelia regar ..g the kidnapping of Fred C.
Newspapers today announ that Island on the night of the second an. Hugo n American, and managerora
D'Annunzio, accompanied by nerart went by small steamers to St. Mary's ranc near Muquiz by the Villlstag

last eek. |who are grooming themselves, there
T Embassy and the American are several favorite sons who are be-
Co nil at Eagle Pass have been t.1- in4 groomed by their "many friends."
str acted to make independent Investi- The Journal-Herald has not been
gallons of the Incident. advised of all the probable candi-
a a ^ dates up to date, but the fallowin-'
*a ln,'st ititei'e-tinC anti efftective manl-
names have been mentioned Meszsrs.
ner. the object of the (onierence He
John Wilson, J. P. Lide, Depitirv
called upon the IHon. Clarenr:E J.
Sheriff C. L. Mattox, A. M. Kniclit. i_
Owens, Dire,:ror (;en.:ral At thi South-
M. Sweat and James Sinclair Tite
t'ritends of Andrew J. Jordan la,:
aiid to presentt '-t-ioluti,:n- i-llatiiv
b-en urging him to enter the ir:
to the canal project After atn clIo-
L.but Mr. Jordan stated to a rtple-en-
[lient addres-, Dr. Owi-es pr-'ent ..d
addr Dr. nt.d ive of the Journal-Herali thlit h.,
tie ftollow-ing
it too busy selling clothing to l-.-.tl-r
Where. the propo-oed plan for the itpolitics.
v.it politics.
.:,,n-tiiution of a canal from Cumber- ........_________,.
land Sound to thel Gulf of Mexico is B.:..ker and J. S. N. Davis, of St.
national 'in its import. and interne- lMary's, Ga.; Dr. 0. L. Martin and
tional in its relation; and Hon. James E. Cal-kins, of Fernan-
11ere,'., thr- del leration represent- dina, Fla.; Editor Ralph Smith, of
ing the South. organized by the Atlanta, Ga., and iSecretary C. C.
Southern Comnmer-:ial Congress. has Tlhomas, of Waycross, Ga.
inspected and approved the proposed After the adjournment of the con-
route for the canal; therefore, ference the Steering Committee held
Resolved by this joint assembly a meeting, at which time Mr C. C.
representative of the South in formal Thomas, of Waycross, was appointed
-,-cion in Fernandina, 'that a national Cilairman of a Committee of Finance,
committee of fifty be organized rep- charged with the task 'of raising
resentative of the states affected from $11n",000 for a working fund of the
th Dakotas to the South Atllantic and ranal project. Mr. Thomas accepted
Gulf, charged with the responsibility the trust, and it will be his first duty
of urging 'immediate action on the to surround himself with a capable
part of the Congress of the United committee to put this trust over. That
State-, in making .adequate appropri- Mr. Thomas will have the financial
ationis for the survey of the route rind backing to raise this fund is fully
the completion of the canal." l,:-lieved, and it stands every one inl
A Committee on Committees wa hand interested in this host import-
appointed as follow: James vocell?, ant undertaking 'to get on this job
P. C. Kelly, 0. K Bricker, John Ash- with both shoulders and make it
ley and I. W. Seaman. This commit- .-od. It is beleved by those who
tee, after a short deliberation, nomi- have given this matter consideration
nated a Steering Committee to Ie that. no more important enterprise
composed of the following named has been projected by the United:
gentlemen: Hon. Charles Hall Davis, States Government since the Panama
of Petersburg, Va., chairman; J. H. Canal.

to vote solidly for the canal bill,



which is expected to be introduced
in the House soon.
Mr Thomas is getting together a
group of about fifty nationally-known
business and professional men who .
will direct th- fight for the bill's pas- .q
s.ge It is ,-tne-rally believed that the -
legisl-tio, n for the ,-anal will meet
with thP heart [t'or ani approval
i- a cleat l1ajo,rirT in Coiic'rre s



In a statement made publi:- today
'it was announced by 0. T. Waring,
Waycross Chairman of the Episcopal
nation wide campaign that Grace
Church not only went over the top,
but over subscribed more than 100
percent of its required quota. The
allottment of the church was $2.400
for three years, but final figures
show .that' the amount, secured
reaches the $5000 mark. Th- teams
which worked sysft.mati,.ally and
along efficiently organized lines,
have also secured direct pledges for
the Church in the neighborhood of
$2800 passing last years total by

movie than $1600. /
Out of 121 persons canvassed, re-
sults show that 115 have contributed
financially to the campaign. This
tallys up an average contribution of
$14.50 per member for one year and
indicates that fully ninety-six per
cent of the membership actively
supported the drive.
The contributions reported by the
different chairman are as follows:
(Continued on page 5 )

,IA I l..o.r t t a t.le an.t a -:..,r, ,: hl l i iou.hI tlhit canal, whiil % w ill
i'. 1: u L"- i1Z.1iI1on",, lthe pr,'' ilui1n-.)':.' C uUonip. .t i \- M i -:."I ppi w.ttI''r : w ith
-I, '., l1; hbave he-e.l co i .i'-ted aind -t r.- .' l i,- P .\.i-i' i .
i b I t.I. I t la.ill i tu .f ilm li !!:- .. HI'i I u- ld rl r .tihn at thi -sh. ,n w s
lii A1o t4 v i thI pilo' .j-,l lan l i-1 _-.'.--r1 to Ihe f:it1 L that the gtl re t coal
h'im I l i-i l i'it i., s._ :-', I",;. !'a.tI I, 1 --,i, -d I 'i f ]r-, d Ina .nL3 A 11 _: i U 1 J i 1 -
.,1 t ,iu ,-or T" o in th: p an rI ':, iI; lo'ri .iIli L'ther aI ates c--t of the
At' t. :-Il at enlrI. a:s .ill1)Ie Th_ 0:-.- .Aileg ,?i.:' Moun[ain., \-Incl- hia e nll
,:uit\e -colriiriit-e ,:'l tsoit o01 tole li''- !lne.Jii- cof shinp ent except ly rail to
lowin,-i ClLha. H Dav's, Peters nur-. Noriolk. Va., therefore being our.-
Va.. J. H Beckcr. St. M ry'.. i: f1 ,ught by t'he 'irginia and West Vir-
J S N. Davis. St Mary's. Ga.; iDr. ginia competitive fields, will be great-
I L Mar;in Fernandina. Fla.: Ja'. Ily benefited by the inland c-anal. A.-
C Calkin,. Fornandina, Fia.; Ralpli cording to the plans the waterway
,.:I,, A:!anta, Ga.; C. C. Thomas, will extend from Cumberland Island
Waycross, Ga. on the Atllantic Ocean to New Or-
Secretary C. C. Thomas, of the Waw.I leans.
crosa Chamber of Commerce, was The importance of this ship pas-
elected Chairman of the Finance and sage to middle western trade is indls-
Organization Committee, which has putable. In the past it has been the
launched a campaign to procure $100.- custom of the states west of the Mis-
000 to be used as an expense and sissippi and those bordering east t
sinking fund. it to ship to foreign markets by way
The canal question was discussed of the gulf around Key West to the
at the meeting in Pernandina from Atlantic Ocean. Not only was this
various standpoints. The practica- costly to Middlie West traders from a
ability of the proposed ship passage competitive standpoint, but the course
from an engineering standpoint and of travel has deteriorated the value
A D ilV DTID of shipped products. Industrial au-

OL URDIINlAR LRETIRiNU, authorities state that corn shipped from
WARE11 UD iNV A MRiIITh, [the Middle -West throughn thle gulf
MILL BE MANY CANDIDATESL loses its natural value, in a large
Hon. B. H. Thomas, Judge Ordi- measure due to the gulf waters.
nary of Ware County, one of the most Economic interests of Georgia,
popular men in South Georgia, as Florida and neighboring states are
well as one of the best Ordinaries in enthusiastic over the project and
the state, has announced that he will hope to get its support and early
not be a candidate to succeed him- passage in both branches of Con-
self, therefore leaving the field open gress. Legislation on the matter Is
to a number of politically hungry men being perfected and efforts are up-
who have had their eyes set upon the derway to get all the Congrsesmen of
Ordinary's office. Besides the men the South, West and Central States

Press'.-The war-time prohibition
ac:t was tonda. held constitutional by
the United State- Supreme Court.
Opinions deciding appeals from Ken-
turky and New York involving th"
meaEure were read bI.y ,Jitice Br:.i-
Con-titutti.nl li \ ofl ti t? r-tlmi
proliii..tun nd lithe I irohibil-Lion *n-
forcen-_K t il IJv v. is.. attack.-' in the
Supreme Court in IVhr'1-. difei-ent ap--
peal;. ti n, C f :,mel ftromti i K intiCl:'. .
wh\f\- til- f,,in m .-Iant te h a.- held-



With an xecutiv mmitt eleet- Its tilit as a builder of

~_ _.~. ~.~_------- ------------- --- --- -- ----~ ----~I~L~L~~

-- --

I .

'.. ; -.I..




Am& I




,59 ." ,_ .. .... .

a. FOR U IN r9t,6
.I positon of..bt ".zes e t
"EDIdo ET aoted..
cahe" 1 re f tIo I

," ieaso '.e BUDr GT FOR U. S. IN 1919n'F' o ,.00 o
"IT S.".' db year marre ps.ecrs as d r-
'-'. ," ________" ein.u'nt ye-ml4t.at ten a
i -e 12 p r crnt 3orm al ii .I.
Wash ngton. la b a i.--the six-bil- six months' revenues irom Intoxcansi dividualt incomP e.r ofB~' tite
,Loedd tlar a revenue bill. tie greatest Retuins o i the present calendar year h n pet r at a payent le-;
tac. 'measure n the Lhistory of. the are riruaterd bv the. expert at about arft retained -ir.thi ndv.1, d
world wae for all'i presented today in F i.7S& OOi000"0. i- i tlons of 31,00O for Si e el.-aeii.
V'the house and will be called up Sa t- I rephasm laid. tonight bht con fr r married persanca and fro d .,
uroey. It had been six ihonLths in thte iar.es on the retention. r ben-it exemption of $300 fr eacd
' iaLng, had bhen passed .once by t-e of business intpre s ts, o-. m tually all ent minor. Als-o aiotlir a.d.ae~'b
hose and has been revised tw twicd t. of the so-called Broi. s,n- or "ouch- that individuals sh.ll iay:.nl--
meet. transIltlon& from war to peace ions." in the income and r cs th. year warand 4 per'-cet t
.nd. from a "wet"' to a "dry' nation. profits schedules rti-saO..'d among the etr 0t.., e an13t n4.u subject
Representaltive Ktchin. the Demo- niost importal.i of these i t-i. new conr- hovE .i xemrr.i.ionm The senate i
cratt leader, expects the house to aP- fr-reneh amendJmonr allowing rebat'- ual uijiraxc. ranging from 1. pr
prove the measure-agr6ea to by sen- In taxes to t1h0 i rt.u-' u such shrink- ,n incomes between 5,000 1 aU0 -a
ate and hoqi conferees-before, ad- a.: in Vd,.alJu :f t-he.r merit handxie as to ;5 per cent en more than n s$1, O
journment Saturday night, and Sera- slioownn by lnventoci., together ruih aso ,,ere appro ed. I
tor Simmonse chairman of thfe nate aliowan.,-t- rur losses itn construction iptn nt !;enerI Iewrsaatlotru.
tin ne coinjitter vfti presenL it in 'of war buildings. O r thr- impoiLant :eneral leglslae
the senate ae assoo as the house ha and ridesi" the: conference ado
acted. Approval of the bill b' bortl Tli, conihience report, presented b o the oli-Ing provision: -
houses in the.form in in which. it w-as i the house t:a DFm. ratic Leader Kitch- Le.yinn a u pr.-hibtoiy ta1 9". pr.
iepolrted by the confer-.s ts confi- in, was regarded as assured ado ?iid ia c, .t laborI t ...
dntl. expected b' leaders of both [ion b" bots liousc; and .enat-. and c' Restorin prc-v'ar Dostage:'1-;aes-
parties. approval 'oy the president. It thus Iletter and post .ia da July l"_e.'1
Thie complete measure will not be promises ti paI. b., the future. Anrei lan i Providin; a pa..' bonus of $6sfr
Slnt to .Franre unless the president'-s :ta yield. 'lhih notw i4 about h- .ta-, p.-r: r.n inn the military ostablthihesa
'departure or, home sa delaYed well be- 000,001. Besid s th.is year's tax liEs.vy or- ricett anI enhl.'td nien alt." o,.t
,ond the date now set for his sailing. aiouft ai.00n,0 .io0, aoddiuinat trea.- ixt-nding the .Re'd "oone drry'r:t-..
The president is expected to sign the ur,- needs, tu b' rait-.d bv, bonds and, ii biton Isa, LO the Districta 1Colu tn
bill soon-after hi:i urrival here. In t ahe .... th<-i nidsan, are estimatedd by the r,. "" ...
j-neantit', othe internal revi -nile biireau treasury at ab,..ut TI, V.Ou ,0s,0. .u b T ,.rctIn'- l-rnt a 2 tIo l.. o f lh am
is proceeding with r.repal ations for1 Except for .-elighti incicased 1% 'inn iliow c eae aling in into;0icap0a0 t 1
collecting 191 tax-nnes an dbi f e pxofita' rated 11- 1o10 and cot- tlu rng "'till-" 1in pthionition e:1
the schedules a '.oniained in te p. ration Inc-on.i tax raies for 1920, t or- ., J..
measure reported by the toitere. virtuallyy sit the rates as revised Fin toi-iaxation of. salatioAs hfedoa
Considerable diSsatlsfact o' with" t'h- bill paused by th -I s-nat ar arap- ofliclals, in,:liding the president-.a.
several aonferencr prosions ws %a e'- I proved b, the c.:.nferee,' and r.ma.in judicia.r'. out not or state officia]s-'i
dent atduthe ca.pitol after copies .,rf ti. in ..h in final eo.nJerence draft Li ike For -siibmi-t'ion of all governme.l
'i final re-draft has heeni distAibuted. ithe original luc.se hill and tie senats'a e.-,nr.caitl bv, .ort.ractors on dertaili
but, leaders renerialls D re d th ul reeio. t h on e f ul]k If th' Laxis re o the internal r'nue 'onimi n
timat~~ nactment of'" tee -.nfrereei' r .e-, i icd upon 1'ar.e:,m" piofitS if 'cOR- "-or exemtapt;on .,f .q per cent .
port 'Some debate in the senate n-as p nations aid on ilicn.nrtis. individual i prospr-c tors. .'..?-s
forecast but this was not expected to I and corporate r-at-.s of Ih.-i senate on Estahlishing an advisory .ax bCtp r
long delay final approval. tiansportatiLon. Op'.'irages, ognrs ar d oI x members in the itrasor ary, i
Abodt one-third ot thi? year's e.ti- I tr.bacc,:.. amuslement ina ;tdn is club Iestr;'tinrg &I- and use of 'narcoe'l"5
mailed federal. exnenses are -provided in I dues. lux uries and senl-iuxuris, by strengtheninn the .Harrison drtgn-
the bill which, uniformly following te in stamp and ;pecial taxss. all substan- act, ,:
original house plan andi he peace taly we.adcpted by the connferres Amon important senate or hquSo
time modificatione. of the senate, prro- while the house rates on statess and r,.rovisiona stricken from the brill a eTei
,vid~e that the bulk of revenue. shall I insurance wera reinstated. Prips.lsal reveal of the public he
be secured from incomes corporate Prineitpal Rate Inereases. jsconr. i ,aas r.osLage zone rates an'dri
and _,dlvidual. and war exessa prof- 1 The -princinal rate increases agreed propoCisal. substitution of Jcreasedl
it%. lrge revenueti al.so are expected t., in eonfei nce were to rails. the l-L charges.
for injtoxicatinp beverag-' .iintll Julyl orrine rate ftor 192') from eight .er cent, Thle t sceald Thomas amendment
1. when prr.hiltona legislation b'-- i a. pri.posed bi thc e u .nat. t ten per -whl.: propuhfd 1i) perr e IPr--,xes on"
comes en-ft.e \ "I .'-nt, sand an inercats fromil sixty to political campaign contrfbiJRtipa d
Estjnmate- of thr 1x it r'renue re- I ,.xt 'y-i ive T ,e ,:,nt in th' sec ,nd -xce, s of *ij
turns in prospe,,t vary. UIinofficial esti- I "bTacklet," or living rttP "n <:),Trpora- House amendments 4-or a federal i-'
mates published today placed the Nield t tions' exce-s profits for thiz year. The ce-n- e tax on the ut'of motor vehiclesr :
At ab6ut $S.6.0S6r.(6.0iO this %-.ar and ci-,'1ity oer ci.-.nt ear protits tax for and soallihd-.'busi eas li'ns&"' p S1.0
$,t15,i.OiiO,rOO in 19210. Ct.nmatpe prc-- this ,'ear was adopted aJid. upun in- on aburiness and c'?fessional men earn.fit
pared by committee and treasury e:;- oiAtrn'ce by h;cuse ..-nnfrrers, exttuded ing $2.5ii0 :r mire.
parts. Indicating. pro.pPcttl.'r return' ,to 120, but made apolin-.aabie next-year senate. taxes/on inheritanerti fopi
this year or about $6.070.0rji.f,0u conl- only upon such profits froriTj gc.venn- whinchb the ronfarcence suostitbted odtse-i
pared with about 14.3.i.0u(i.0i0 rrf-m mnint \:aar contracts. Th- excejE profits levir t on states. "-
istin..tax laws, v.11il be. niade public *"b'r'ck.t" rate, f 2) to- 4)0 pr- cent The house a i.x of two cents gal-
toimorrow by Reptaesentative IKitc in. I for l,20 also w'ere approved. i Ion on gasoline, and house amenda-i
The. "$6,070,00C, 000 for this /year is Virtit-all', all the socalled relief pro- months to t1ax stale and municipal bonds
based' on br'dapeh'tp'p, tLaxe'. for the fis- visions, or "cueh.ons' of thle sirre ''- and other securities. .
cal year ending July 1 next. includLng .iT'ned to prevent hardships In ip- H1oasRatea Retained.
________________________________________ Although nioet of the. senate rates
'-- .....-in thi.e bill arn reta'nedthe conference
Sb made many nportanLt bchangesiaffect-
____ CO___S__________e_________d____ logiDS income at.r owar excess profits tax-
ation, rewrs ine scores of amendment.
S. -' and. virtually' re-drafting a substan-.
tial part of the measure. i
S. *' eIn agrPeingfpon war excess profits
taxe-iIlto corp9ratJrIs ti'he .conferees
dy, sntnuck out thds house alternative pla-n'
-. to l.e*vy n wsi) or .excess profits ae-n
Scrdmgrin to the-:higbest -yield, adoption ,
A s t 10S A~S the r-Rnate colF'posite plan. The pl-e-'
ri war .randard of calendar Y'ars of
1 5I11'. J141 and 1913, was retained, as
i *-s produced On energy ... 4 aiya the system 'of creditns.e es
i- q Cor operations with income lss than,
** .U4cSo e $3.01:11 are exempted. Other limlta-tlons
o, bri and body a >1 I,~arl for a aIju u excess profits tog
'wvo L \f 30 per cent this vear aJnd g0 per
fU lais anU UUUy anU e-nt in 1920 on income'under $20,000,
thI en he l I* i plus Sr, per cent in a919 and 410 per
- i ineni. on Incomeu over $2),.t,0o0.
e eneral h btat taxes, substituted for- the
conss n di ly use _nate inheritane levies ahd follow'--
Iing the original house plan are Im-
a consistentdsWtb a general exemption or 0.000'o
i the new rates range front' i to 25 per
On-f ernt-the,' minimum on net taxable es-
'Of *I tat'S exceeding by i625.i)00 the 5dO.lnOO
exemption.and the maximum of lc5. per
.G a. cent on eslates Of 1i0,000,.00 and over.
'. The e!ist-ink graduated rates- range
f "* *i Trom two. per. dent -on estates aridew.
., W 'F'' t$L,.i00 to 25 rier cent on thos''exce''
lip log 110i,0i00,000C while the-h6'us& 51'po
ra p e : posld rtip e frOm 3 to 4`0 per-.cent. ,v-:
,|mA Th, ;"e prTe calun.. for, tx1es.. oh tro n 'r
.portatlon ,an4 ..rther .pbU6.,1cilJi, e't'
l., 1 '* ,effe.ctive- -t 1. al-rge]y.-i,.t o s 'L'1
''.Se 'i "-'. eXist Ln ,' l bqt treuces :'f'- i-,tea. ,
V."q f' ** ....*-,r "-a od.*" .. ... 5ite t *pet 4.oenb. edyy..on.+ef.,.S
'd.i " 'v ini ' .. '"*"'."".aeroom iaccp 'imte. 5,


The Girl at "Information"

She's a clever girl and she would
like to answer every question asked her.
She is not a weather prophet, however;
she is not a newspaper; she is just a well
trained, efficient, special telephone oper-
ator whose work is to supply telephone
numbers to subscribers.

She has all necessary records for
that purpose at her disposal and she is
always ready to furnish numbers quick-
ly, Gheerfully and courteously.

You can help "Information" to be
of even greater service to telephone
users, if you will not ask her for num-
bers that you can find in the Telephone

Always consult the Directory FIRST



I-instea of -theh pre sent '. Vv-;difi':f ',i!'
charged on messages costing'.;5cii tat.
and more, .and i ..apos ae a "me
private or leased telephonel r' t '
graph wires; 'except press w.res, f I*a
ten per cent of ren'als. In flying't,'
passenger' Transportatlon ati's, i tle
I confer-.s adopted a senate amendment
to exempt commutation trips of less
than thirty 'miies or fire paid under
42 c-nti.
Insurance taxes. effectiv'e. April 1 at
virtually existing rates, based on poli-
,'les writtenn. were adopted, as proposed .
by the house, ii lieu of the senate plan
to tax insurance companies incomes.
hiti.itlon. as adopted are: Distilled
hibiti.on, as adopted are. Distilled Id
Spirits for non-beverage : purposes
$2.20 'pOr proof gallon, the pregseont
rate.- distilled spirits manufactured.
imported rcr withdrawn for bet-eragu
purposes. $6.40 per-gallon, double ex-
isting law, out with a "rsellef" provis- -
ion suspendinz certain charges on
spirits held in b.:.nd by prohibition;
beer an.d other fermented beverages,
$et per barrel. double present, law;
wines, double exisrina rates based on
alcoholi, conrenten ilo with a prohibl-
tl:n *"relief" provic.on p-rmiting dis-
tillation of wires for industrial pur-
noses: cereal beveragess. or "near bee-l."
15 re cent on .nale., a new tax. grape I
juice, ringer ale, tinot oeer, "pop." ar- *
tificial mineral and carbonated waters
and hev'erages and similar soft drinks.
10 per rent rn manufacturers' sales
insteadd of the present rate of one '
centitper Eallon: natural mineral wa-
ters two cents rer gallon, double pres-
ent law.
A new tax elective May 1 next. -i
:inn,' .ent on each ten cents or fraction I U
thereof, on retailers sales of Ice I
creain soda water, aundaes and sim- i
ilar confections oi, drinks, to be paid
'by. :onsumrer-s.
I Cigar rates fixecd by the confrreesi
ran0e tru.m $1 50 ripe thousand instead
of fi1 nis ngtar, n'eig' ing three pounds
I ot les pr thousand, to $15 per thou-
-sand a fifty r. er q'rr Increase, on
cigarss Eold in excesq of twenty .cents
each. Cgar-ttes are taxd "T3 per thr_ ,
.iand irnstcad of- $2.05 on those weigh-'
= in not more than three pounds per
thousand, and $7 20 Der thousand in-
stead of T4.S' on those cigarettes
weighing more. I
Tobauneo ;.nd snuff are taxed 1 cents
a pound, an increase of fit'.-- cents. l,
I Strlingnt nro'isionpi were ad,:,pted by ,
thr- r.ontf-rees to regulate dealers lii
leaf .ob.cco.
cod.ic Ietiin
.mueiemont adtnim ion, taxes in the
bill. ette.:tiv i April 1. w rpe inc eas -
only in a few instances, the general
ratc of one ct.ot on achi ten cents oi'
Sfiaction paid bein" r -tained after pe-
'titions % ti.ns tliou.and-" of names
were received protCstin1e against an
'arliel agremen-t to double the rates.
Club dues are ta-.ed ten per cent, tith'
',preenLt rate, upon memnbLrs of organ-
Sizations charging more than $10 an- T
Excise o:.r manufacturers' sales.
taxes, including socalled luxuries cov-
ering a wide range of articles, include:
Auton'obile trucks and wagons, ex-
eniptiln trac-tor., and tteir tires and
Sae-essorles. three per oent. the present
late, autLmobiles and motorcycFres and
i aceie-sones. fi,e per rent, ah increase
of riwo per cent; pianos, organs (ex-
.epting pir.e organs I playr.. talking,
i inacheras. music boxes and records.-
f'e per rent, increased two per cent;'-
sporting or athletic goods, etc., ten
per cent. increased thre- per cent;
chewing gum. three per cent, in-
creased one per cent; cameras ten per
cent, Increased from three per cent;
photographic films and plates, five per
cent. a new tax. candy, five per center
a new tax, fire arms and ammrountio
for private us'. ten per cent, a neW
tax; portable electric fans. five pe
cent, a new tax; Thermos bottles, flY
per cent, a new tax; fur articles, te
per cent. a ncr.' tax; yachts and mot
boats, for pleasure purposes, aan
canoes costing more than $15. ten p-
cent. a new tax;:llet soaps and so
powders, three pijer cent; scuJptu
painting, statuary and other art wor,
ten per cent with tax exemption. f
those sold to educational institutioiQ
or public art museums. j
Semi- luxuries.
Semil-luxury taxes of ten per Ce
effective May 1 next. are retainedd:
though reported subject to poass
modification later by separate res
tlon. They are to be charged -coanc



....:" r i" :
Si:- ..r :

Sraines. It Is always a terror to old people and a menace at some time or another to
fises, travel- I every human being, young or old. It is the forerunner of more Ills and suffer.
oxe and llllT than almost any of ATURE'9&DANGER SIGNALS and should never be
Te; pocket- i iiiUIr allowed to o unheeded. At the very first Indication of constipation get DR.
U76n0; U UI TUTT'SLImERoPILLS which for 72 years has been successfully usedor this
rea par- Dr. ;uLiver i
i..c"et)s amnd Orange Receipts Moderate, Supplies
iT:7.60; men's
.'women's and Liberal With Little Change
S:hoods, $15:
.;.tnen's and in Prices. -
e, 'pumps and i ne steady at $1 to S1.7tU in Boton. brlghts. niedium .izes. quality and con-
.. special ap-i Shlpment were light. edition good $4.5) In t 3 7- .' ew $3.8
Pinsa exempt-Ihipn ntsor idnmtof3
is.land neck- Receipts of grapefruit in thi Jack- Shipp~n po nts of information from
rf-kslenk s oI oaivlllc irnaikt yesterday wr,1. Iail. Orlando say th dcnaeand mova .I gn g, to gnt a divorce My n :I.
36ep ao SUPPlies. deinand and movmrI-niL nic.dr- t a limited, la market, n hn spoken to me for ,ix monthss."
hcon; a1.i ate with little change in ori.es Quality hanged in prices. Carloads f .?. b. us- I Bttir he. careful. You'll never .
,5 each: and condition good SIalf- direct tI r- ua- terms. Central. Tw.st coast and a other BIfe lik" that "-Boon Tran
$ waists., $c15 bt tailers. Floridaa. all district- br.g-hr js. outheastern distri:i brights and o- cript.
alsts, 15r medium .izes, k3'T., to, $1 ,1 Goidens dcns. medium size, good quality and --
I and rustts. medium sizcv. $' t. $3 condition $3 tn $3.25 he-t mostly
,4s, aprecious -Total ,;arlot shlpm-nto fioml FloriIda bright. medium sze $32. Indiau Ita h disurbance i the mark
n tiiS .eason r.. for the m rJodri ver district, o t rl hts medium pc?
'[e- n sl g seao 3 izesgood quality and condition 3.r,0 ".Its a mass rieetingr ..f the womep
when i, LId last ea onf 2.073: d q1and.neon..f il r
Th- late=lt mma. -ho'-.s -arloads alo'e chanced then mindF since t..
,and Ucenspe. central dietri.- a bright .wehr.- ,tirad Total receipts o, oranges ir. the nori i ing. mandi ant to alter thc.r voti:'
.-of their total at $3 t..* $3 ?.., f *. b. ,hpping nuint1.. Jac-ksonville market yesterday were pajpers."-Punch.
o the present appearing in a few ivading a-t...rt, ab,.ut 10A boxes fiom rnFlorida ..e-
Smarkets, ranging sight, weaker IptE moderate, supplies liberal. De -
., cosmetics, $2.95 to $3 60 in New York but hold- han gein e r u moderate a ittle Gra laed ylids.
Similar ar- J----- I fair. Sales direp't to retailers. Flor- U Eyes inflamed by expo-
ail 'sales tax, .nt for c-a-h 25 cents or fraction onI tda. all ditrte. brights, medium suretoSan, Dusnd Wilnd
ble b pu- parcels snt by parcel po.et. es. i Goldens and russete s uicklyrelievedbylMurine
5 e s hror f reesb a depa rn y ms. re d iu m z e s .1 3 to $ 3 75. S a le s, to jo b -
Th..5,ant, T hp conferees made many l 3mand- a diers central distiriet -olden, and rus-- uselletmedye No.Smartin.A
n"' 5 stamp l,"si int 'prtatnve s tact on t medium s s w appd $GO: un- just yeCloforL At
Swar e.xcis pofira. income tax and '' ,"appe'-d V- Your Druggists or by mail 60c per Bottle.
r-. retention there actionss of the bill. Among the The lateI .umnar how medium orook ohe Eye free write
Sof corpora-I was retention of a modied provsion sizes, central district brights ruled
of corp for consoladatedn tax of rturr m of affili- steady at $3 5. carloads.1. o b.. us- urine Eye Remedy Co.. Chicago.
active Japu- ated c.-.rporations, except tose with al terms at loading stations anpearin ........
ters,'concert war contracts. Another. dining cor- in a ew ladn auction market. d------------
Ibilliard and porate dilidi.nds. affects sto,:k di l- lining to $4 to $1 37 in Nea York hut
b dends and provides, briefly that stock I advancing slightly in Boston Ship- I __
palteries. taxi- dividends 'hali be .onsidered as "in- mounts were below recent averages.
s ome" to the amount of earnings or Shipping point information [rom Or-
'and cigarette profits distributed. land says the demand and movement | i tbs bu
retained. Provisi;onin for all.. vance of net was limited. Late market. No change TI lifyouwUilrightatthestart,
i power and Iossei, r-icenitly discoiv *d loses,. sub- ;n prices. Carloads, f. c. h., usual terms user e
,re'- approved. mission of inventorIe, and for ex'rnmp- Central. nves coast and northern dis-
.topinage and- tlh. from income taxe-s for those in tricts. brights. medium sizes, gorlen.
I the nilitar., establishment. were ,other medium siz-.. quality and condition
Io'ie3d -by hlw i important amendment retained in the I generally good. s3 to $3.50, mostly
etud.nk one bill. 1 $325. Indian river district, mostly.1


ne-Third to One-Hal Off


SOReduced OnC-Ha

.Ta-olil oIf ar bm thc .W hogular price fif W ho t Rr o
". ... I. ,| ". .MEN'S D Y N MN

Our LAt I'. DRESSES i.me'an.. .'' o f ;o CH.LDREN-t S hi d

t 7 ,'..

.a. ..e... fr i-tomn th d Mrsg. ,a pri. .....f. , Plll.s aId
Seean d Ydlora .,. .i se l i.. s f i a i ...r.. .h_1l ,atesi tls are i lde d stic nr


A deral reduco e of one-half off lias nbeen ONE-THIRD OFF e
a cn all s of" T-' om men's a S parate

:' MI SLINERY N :.ui Sc3rf and MaOff at xactr, one-'S Il
of It-r Tri' illinb-i at exs.tEehar c, G m oN- the regular prine.
p e. Take -y'in cT ef the season's bet

.e A eSr i, tr ac ss.rtmi nt o- f L'i". sill and Wasi
"fol's a"lor r t of Ladie-' Gooretr 1I
i repe 1Ne JlO l.Vais. at reduced proc.

tCHEFFS RESul I value 25N.

SIoar ,lue tSale Price.. .. e.. re. ce.., in.....

Co J* TO l

S ILaeAPRo NS Raeular value $S.50. 98cadsan


Sb- $ 1 .98 Sale Pin 1 'silac rice
tp T .ale PrIice .1 .. .6c

S2$4.00, $4.50. $5.00 and 289
$6.00; Sale Price .....
':4 s$.9 Every Man's Garmen $600; MEN'S SHOES
.98 Reduced One-Third 0 $.00. .and $6.89
Red1iuced Oine-Thir0.50; Sale Price 89




0 -.

tested form.

Delicious & Economical

,r Tieres a Reason".




Judge C. 0. Andrews Is Elected

S President of State Bar Association



Sixteen Vice Presidentls Named.
Herman Ulmer Elected Secretary,
S and P. S. May Treasurer- New
Executive Council. r

S'At the closing se*.sion here of Ut "
f 'ourLetnth. convenilon- of the Floredc .. ficr o
State BBr As.oclation., Judore te. C. An- a
.,iews, of the Seve ntenh lud1cial C .ir- .
Ltit, Orlando. was electEd rlesi-.ent o 1f
he association for the suingg yea r.
'At the same time vice preside t were
elected, orne from each of the aseventeEi.
'' judicial circuits irn he slate.
Hernan Ulmer. v II kr.o.vnn Jacsc. n-
i' otlle a.Etorrney,. was han_ md .-ecretar-
pS.id P. -T May, hl-ec. ie of Jackson
vflle, treasurer.
S New mnl,.n r of lirii, :eeCuti, cou ir-
ceil ae Judge O. Rea'ves, of Bradern-
Stbo, .n retiring pirelaent. Judge W I
H?' Ellhs. of Talit ,haseE.. W .A. Mac.
illi.mns, of St. A.uruLs tine, and Arm-
'?'stead E own, of Miamni.
ru, tlJudE.Andr,, t h neiv prrei-siden, is
one or the tlF.st known ]jutL'-.ts in Flor'
. ida. He wao s forll erla cisistant attor-
'ney g neial ot Flori:da, aid %a hen th-JudgeC. Andrew. Se
y "',;.. w b JUiU eia l (.'i appeuit Was e ae Judge C. 0. Aa drewns, eih uentee th
a Jew oup and-l'esit is a un ceatedO Judielnl circuit, Orlando.
.e J'"dgc A'ndriadv nna tan the unlim\ou-. S.____________ Ninthjudicial
d'holtc of tI e t l. r 1 r oCf that circuit --
for the post. and. accordin dl, ti' -
o., .or .ent to in. NEW OFFICERS OF THE

F. Newly elected officers of the
-:Florida State Bar Association are
as follows:
Judge C. 0. Andrews, Seven-
-'teenth judicial circuit, Orlando.
SVice Presidents
S. Castro, First judicial circuit,
H' le hy Youn F. B. Winthrop,. Second Judicial
HealtY y oung circuit, Tallahassee.
Weo imanhood J. B. Johnson, Third judicial
circuit, -Live Oak.
HEtendencytoconstipation G.C. Bedell Fourth judicial
begins with girls as they
approach maturity, and that is circuit, Jacksonville.
theverytimerhemoithershouldwineh R. L. Anderson, Fifth judicial
that Ile Important function of daily rcuit, Ocala.
elimination is regular and norid Ciu al
Many thousands of mothers who J.' Singleton, Sixth judicial cir-
S!havedaunghterswilltell you thLey give
only Dr. Caldwell'sSyrupPepsin A cult, Bradentown.
teaspoonful is sutficlent to relieve G. A. DeCottes, Sex enth judicial
constipatlon andits commoner symp- circuit, Sanford.
S toms such as headache. bad breath, ci anord.
biliousness, loss qf appetite and rest- W. H. Hampton, Eighth judicial
e- sTleepr.e
"'yrup Pepsin is a compound of circuit. Gaines oille.
'Egyptian Senna and other -suimple \V. S. Phillips, Ninth judicial
laxative A herbs ith pepsin d circuit, Quin.
;,pleasant-tstin" dromatica, and a circuit Quicy.
Ixbty-cent bottle is enough for many J. J. Swearingen, Tenth judicial
months. Eight million bottles were
l ouebt at drug stores last year, the circuit, Bartow.
largest sle of the kind theworld. C. D. Bowen, Eleventh judicial
Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin has Mia.
been on the market thrt years and I circuit, Miami.,
there must be genuine merit behind R.A. Henderson, Twelfth ju-
it to develop so large and steady a
sale. Buya bottle today and you wilt dicial circuit, Fort Myers.
Sqekly ee whyltisso popular. A. Carter', Thirteenth judi-
.... TRY IT FREE cial circuit, Tampa.
."Send me nmeyrnt ans d address Paul Carter, Fourteenth judicial
and'l.s ill se you a'restrdiaborle circuit, Marianna.
c* f raSyrupPepsin. Address me Dr. W. Metcalf. Fifteenth judicial
t M;B.Caldwell,513Wdshngton Sr.,
ticello, Ill Eybody nowan circuit, West Palm Beach.
.iid.eas % ti.larii: and i'is well B. R. Riles1 Seventeenth judicial
S tokn tithe'bst. Write re today.r circuit, Orlando.
.... . ... '" Secretary
'4 "Herman Ulmer, Jacksontille.
--- .Treasurer
Phil. May,' Jacksonville.
Are You suffering From Executive Council
Judge 0. K. Reaves. Sixth ju-
Ai LL STOdES dicial circuit, Bradentown.
SpJudge W. TH. Ellis, state su-
o Gravel preme court, Tallahassee.

U pe Ar mstead Brown, Miami.

Ga H d Stone Remedy POOCM O
Send a.$ money order for a three-
ounce bottle of this wonderfl F iH SDY
'palns return the bottle and your T ITI
money svill be immedlatiely re-
tWrite for testimonials
Neido's Gall Stone Reniody ('Co
P. O. Box 422 Nortotk, Va. T an r tal bavowel
mus t, b. gien by Ars Edoard
Ala_:Dote eli, 'se o the American
composer. is creating 'lecidtd inter-
__ _ __ _ __ _s..a1 circle. here and it is
1--1 that Con.'.rdia .-a, i

And +o od a Bn lo- afternot n of,
S For INDIGE TITroNT h g n sunset's rimscon light

Ati y a g rre
AU lAU ~ ~ 3 Fr roe i-"t f wn.i"n lane

PRICE, 25-50-750

'-: Kidney and bladder troubles are not
limited to men. Housework, or work
in office or factory, causes women to
u fr from weak, overworked or dis-
easd kidneys. \ The symptoms are-
'Pffiness under the eyes, sallow skin.
Scoinstant tired feeling, lack of ambition.
nervous condition, backache, rheumatic
pains, sore' muscles, stiff joints.

[ t.right at the cause of suffering and
lWiry, regulate the kidneys and blad-
.di.'and restore the diseased organs to
Aond and healthy condition.
Ni. Wm. Fischer. 2009 Woodbourne Ave..
-Lsilivllle. Ky.. writes: "I am iest acniler alone
ffl.I -1am taking Foley Kidney P.Us everyother
ilt' You should bare sen me before J started
off t..tany more. It it will hel h come oterpoer
h iho Is s nte ring you ma use m- arm.
var o medicine is dvrtised."

Sold Everywhere

All. loie '.sn ne'er forget."
A. D. 1620).
SThe yellow setting sun
Melts the lazy sea to gold
And gilds the swa.'ine galleon
That towards the 1and of promise
Lunges hugely on"
Rigaudon "
Anadanteo from Keltic Sonata I
The Eagle.
He clasps the crag nith crooked
Close to tr-, sun in lonely. lands I
Ring d with the azure world ne
The wr'nlcied sea beneath him
1u rt dV.,I ,
H-ae tatche irom his mountain wails.
And like a thunder bolt he falls
From a German Forest
Of salamanders
Haunt-d House
Of Brer' Raobit
In Deep Wodds
AO-ve. long si,:nder zlafts it opal
Below. the din] .:athedra aisles;
The silent mitCrv cs inimF:.rti,
Broods o'er the w,.,-Os at eve
The Jr.y -Of Autumn
From hill-lop to vale,
Tlhrougl, neadow and dale
Youi -'uttu n ld.:.th 'lI e the world
And iiaught shall avail
Bt1L our coul. snail %ail
\\'r.i the flag of life Iunfurled.
trl i ',.'itEatton
Mai'ch 'Wind.
-- -- -- -- -- -
S. & P.
For the Blood
itli-:uniatitni. Old SoIes, Glandular
nI Elrgcrnents. all conditions arising
fro impure blood. inactlve- liver
and kidneys, for sale by all drug-
gists Reynn Pharmacy, Distributors.

T. B. Elton. Phone 2477.W.A'-


the Legisla

The dift of the proposed act
regulate the *practice of law in it
state of Fiorlna as approved y.slte
da.\ bv thi: Florida State Bar Ass
cietion .n fourteenth annual seul-lh
in Jacksonvi'le ls as follows.
Section 1 For th.? purpose of t
more efficient administration c-f Ju
lice, the bai'r of the state of Flori-
shall b,' --ha rgo ed ith the cover ar
duty, acting- through Its board
governors. 11. hereinafter provide
of super''iouc ,and reeulatlnn the a
mission to practl.:e and the condu
of, attorney's,. at Ian o-f this stall
as heroinaftlcr pru.Idedi.
Sec. 2:. Alil attorneys at law of th
stat~ at Iherb'v de.:Iired to be off
cers nf the courtss of their state au
as such ."re declared to be membe
of the,staet bar and, shall be subje
to the priov',sons and lequirernen
of this a.:t.
Bee. %. 3 he- membership of tI
state bar shall be .'ompcsed of a
attorneys at law of this state.
well as thio4e hereafter duly admi
ted tc. the practice c.f law as pr
vided in this; act.
See 4. Th- board of governors
the state bar* as hereb'y created sha
Issue certificates of m,'nimership
the state ba.r to thos.-" Entitled '
Eame upon payment ofu the lilce'.nsc f
her-'nafter provldedl fot
iS:c. 5. The state bar shall be go.
rnedo b, a Irdard of *vtrriors whic
shall be comros.-d of nine member
who shall be ap'porjnte'i by t ce go'
ernr.n of the atare from the membc
In gr.od standing of th.- state ba
two from each congressional distrl
as now or ma&. be her,-after const
tTuted and one- from the state
large-.. In appointing the board
governors, the g-i t-i nji' .if the 6t;l
shall take into .consi'peration the re
ommendatio-0 o1 a mrnaoTity of tl
members of toe said bar. cithoug
such recon-mm-nrdation shall not 1
binding upon the governor. For fi
purpos., of determining the choice
the members t'f the bar for appoin
rent to the hoard of governors. a
advisory nomination, election shall
held at such reasonable time befo
the time provided In this-'at frL- tl
appo,ntnmi-nt r.f a board of governor
vs the board may de-ignate. For t:
purpose of ascertairinr the chpol
of members for appoltinent ta til
board of governors, the bou-ad slh
send out E.Jltable ballots to PeI
member of the l tate .bar, atnd it
result of Such advil urv e:,ei-t.,an .iha
be transmitted b' the hr,ar] to tl
governor ,oi the state before the ,ri
flnxr fr.r Ithes arpointi .r.nt f tr.i
bers o thf i boardd if g-.:.v-rn..r. unrji
the provi,.ions' of this at. iiovide
?uch advisory' rlectic.n to, dntIrmi
the; choice of tie imeinblish'i ,-iu t,-i .
pointmen-rt nn th irs-t r ltri nt f go
rnors6 appointed h:r1ejn 1-r ma b
condu-tnd b'.' the 'volunrEt'iv -tate bai
astociatior, xlstlng at th.- t im, f'h
act takes effect and all .praReLi-ir
attorneys of the state shall hE ,, I'
the ri;vileg, of voting ii uch rI.-Ih
Sec R. The nin t o.r-,ard of -'ov'ernor
appointed und.,r this act -hal! rne kr
pointed for th- fo-llowing term
Three members shall be appmointed'-f
a term f on,- ;' r. three fora t-rm c
twoo' .ars. anld thre.C f-or a tbl-m r
three y.ars and aft-nr rarh of sue
terms shall explr,, thre me,mibe
hall be appointed b'. the R.:.'-rr(,
fjr ternis oio three- years
S'c 7 The hoard ,' governor
shal-i elict by ballot from its d '
merr'berehlp one mwho shall 1)i de'g
natod a.; chairman of thp state br
and a Esuch shall preside at all n.'rr.
ingqs If thr- bar anl of the hoard 0
governors. The board shall also c-it
a l"te chairman. who sbail act In' T
abaen.-e of the chairman. The teTrn-
of office of the chairman .a.-d 'ic
chairman shall be one ear.
iS-2c S. The hoard shall'asol-ct a '-,
retary, ;\'bo shall ,keep th.e record
ndoe dcumCLMent of tha board and-
thi statb tar, except thice pertanr
Ing to finances. and shall r.rfnrr
such other duties as ma-y be Impotse
upon him by the hoar.I. Th- sa ,'e
lar'y slaluL-rot' be a member or' th
board .:.f governors and shail! bp 'ap
pointed 'for a term of two year.i. iin
les sooner removed b-" the gov,.rnro
on the re-commendatlon of th. bntlr.
and ma bi-- allowed a r-,s',onaht
coenviri-saiont bv' the board for' I
erx I ce.
Se, 3. The? hoard shall al.q re-:
ornme- d t the hc g vrnor a Suitabi
person to be appointed trei.'rer c,
the state bnr. who shall br- "lhar;e
witli the rutv or ki-th pirng theI 'ia.
:nrints and finances under the .ilrec
tion 1 of t h board rf g.verr,..rs, an
who,-e anpointment shall b e orn tiv
eears, -inl.c- soon-r remlov.,j .v th
grovernc r on the recontimendatlricn o
the borrd. He -hall ,bh pall a salary
ot there: lihtindreu dollars i3v'i an
shall give a bind In, the sum of fi',
thousanril iolare (05.00'i with sorn
iurti '.- cIorripanrini authorized to d
Oulnness i, this sate, the fEe there
lon to ta ia'd 'out ofr the findr .,
th.: board
tse itn. The board may pro id. tfo
u,-h e.:.nitmlttee. w.lth such dljties a
ms'.\ o, d'Oini cd expedinrit. ,.:,r th
purpoz-.- of a-sisting in adminls'trer
ing the plot lalons of this act -.xcep
a;- t', EuchL matters as are hcrchir .ie
quiredt tOc be performed h,' the ithiot
b-rs of the board of g'c'vernc.rs per
SeC 11 'I he -board of 'ove-rni-i
Stall he charged v.-lth the exeoti.'
funct lns :fi the stat.'- bar and th
proper enforcement of the pro'Vs
nr.F Lif [tiIs a3--t it tha tll hav t i corn.
rnon seal atilhentlcati all its f.,i
meal actu an]J rde s. "
See 1'. 'T1he board shall t l tupor
all ap.licatlionis fi.r nictnb-i!'slin r
th,-. state bar and orier th, iHija.i-reF
of certificates of memopr-ahiII. I:
?els.'.- c.:.mplaints a rainst r. ,tm.-,ir'
iiak- report arnd rc.-:i.nim-:, lu:i il'
tn tIll state bar at the annual priect
Ings to the -uLipreli:, ,o',iurt "' I .'
state on matters pertaining to th-
-.dinincri ration .-'f juetl.:e it ti- titisi'
and shall annri,i.'- report t, the gov'
ernor and the, atori,.v generall the
condition of lticatel uiness 'in
a-ach of ti.e Judiclal circults of 'Ufjl
state, wt.-:h report shall bhe entbod-
tcd In the report of the attcornc)
general r.-. th,. I -Rgll..:ture and gsn
eralls, shall act for the- stat.t tar'in
ail mattf-rs r.--t'tl.nina thetotr.
,Sec. 1, Toe hbir'i shall prepare
and furinsl1 F.u]' blsnk forms fot
asppli-cath.-.n and c-rtlfiit- e of melt-
el'nilp f'i reim I-r.r c-n'nplalnt-s .tidprs




A' -

- -

il l


n -
i s


_LI 1 I


I ___

Draft of' Measure Was Approved by
'Session Here Yesterday




State Bar Association at Its Annital
--Will Be Submitted to
*e for Passage. \

etc.. as may be necessary for te
proper enforcement of this act. :
Sec. 14. With the approval of fje
supreroe court, the board- shall hai,
power to formulate rules of prof.'-
slonal conduct for all members af
the bar.
.S-c. lb. The Lo.rd shall hia\ fro V-
A- to dboelmine the i4ualid!%tions t'f&
admissIon to practice law In tais
stlat.-and shall xamli.e van lidatps
da .*t',tleir qualifications .and ruoum-
,ne-nd such as fulfill thl- rectuirtitent-i
imposed, to t'the .S.ipI m c- ut for
admission to practice un'hLir tills aOt:
provided, however. that ,ntl! th'iJ
power Is exercised r,h th' load. the
Peneme court for admission to prac-
Srenmc court fur admission to pra,-
tice under this act shill be the samile
as those now pre scribed by the su-
premec ourt for admission* to prac-
tice law In this state and shall b..
vested in the suprern-- court as Luand
provided b law Prv'.id-,. that rioth-
in,g In this act .shall oen cnstirued to
repeal or affect sr ecti-in :td .fr ti0e0
Itvls.d generall itatut. i Florldik,
1920, reiativ- to tlhe al.linse-'n i f
graduates of ceertaln law swhinols ef
th.: state Lhouct .I:-nirM nation i t u
legal attainments. or seLtlon .3-15
tilCrrof. relatlnp tr. th,- admisslon fo
practe 'Ti-tthoul i'x.:nlnatin.i of
itot ln5 s a millit.-d in ,ili r sti.L,. Zs i a'
examination foi legal fitrie,- .eondilc-F
ed b,. the board tliall be th ricu g~i
and compreh-esl\'e and it sh'i alt%.
before reecomm.:ndinr; an, ,anrdldap
for admis.lon fIlly, as itEZ lib
nioral ntness to be a mnmu.r if thI
,Sec. 16. The boatd of poernot'.'
shall hold regular quarteriv- minct-
Ings on the third Mondav ., .:urib
Sr-ptenrmEr. li,: mhnirr and Msarch "3f
leachi ear. Flve tin-enbers if thc boa.d
,shall constitute a quorum Speclil
me-etlngs mas,, be held on written re-
iqu'-.st o three membr.rs thereof, start-
ing thet-nei-esslty and. purpo'' of thi.
'all at.d the secrttarv shall rutli."
each member i.f thl- road at least
five days befor. the time fixed in
the cadl for ouch special me-ting.
iSec. 17. .\11 neces-iary exprisea o
the 'board of govcrriors. Inrludina
traveling expenses, expense ineu'r-
red in disbarment rroeredlnga s rnd
in holdinrgg examirnatons for aridml-
slon to practice, as well as ail other
expenses incurt d It. the. Jlschar e
of tile duties imposed upun them "b"
this act shall be paid by thi. treas-
uror on proper vouchers therinf'r.
''he arprov.el of the board ot cov-
'ernors shall be final as to tile pro-
Prietv of any It.' rnf er-pendlture. .
Sec I' 4 ach mni ni',r ..- the ass-'
elation shall on Oc-tober lIi. of ?ac1?.
Vcar. pay to the state treasurer an
arnu::l license tfe or tax.of to%:ntyv-
fite dollars Of this amount the treas-
i r'r of tihC state shall rtauin ten
dollars as state lcen se ta. shall pay
to the county treasurer of the coun-
tv -of the readener- of the member
neri"c dollars and shall trcntw.it to the
board of governors ten dollars., which.
shall be used under the direction of
the board in the proper administra-
tlon of this act. No other or further
license iei or tax shall be imposed
eor the privilege of practicIng iw a
Ir. the state. Any surplus which- sha
remailr in th.: hands of the trea.squ'
'.f the state bar at the ernd o0f a4TEi
fiscal yoar shall be paid over i
the state treasury ana be conxveNB
into the general revenue fung..;
license to practice law shall be ra
sued b%- the slate treasurer u
sudh annual license fee h- been p
b%- the member, acco.mariled boy~'
certificate of membership of the state
bar. A
0eL c. 1t. Ce rtifieats of nm mbersh"
shall be i-sued on or before 'O...A
ber 1, 19i1, to take effrectfi oftp
date this act becomes effective
no personn shall be permitted to -aS
tice Ia. in this state, or hold h14 A
out to practice, until he shall-.l
a 'ertiflcate of membership in.'1 t:i
state bar, a-nd. on or before Octo0

bher Ist of each year. shall have paid
the license tax hereby fixed.
See. 2i) The state bar shall hold
an annual meeting of its members.
beginning the second-1 Monday' in
March of each %ear. at such place
as may be acsicn;iterl by the Loard
of governors. At such meeting the
said bar shall reei'lv reports of the
proceedings of the last annual meet-
ing and report5 of proceedings had
bb, the board of governors since the
last annual meeting: and stall re-
ceive and act upon other matters of
Interest pertaining to the ,fficlene.o
and development of the administra-
tion of Justice and to Lhe legal pro-
fession generally. The board of gov-
ernors shall, through Its chairman.
report and recommend to the ,tate
bar in annual session such matters
of Inte-rest to the profession as It may
dreem proper and expedlient Speclal
meetings ,.f the state batr may be ihld
at such times a-, nma.vy r. c-alica lhy
the chairman and secretary on writ-
ten request of thirty' mu-mbers. stat-
Ing the time and purpose of the
moetlng. 1
.Sec. 21 Upon complaint rrad1,- f",i
disbarment to the bard or aove-r-
nris or any mnirrber tlneriof. CF upon
Investigation mad.- byL the boarr1 ,r
any member or officer thereof. afti'et-
Ing the concluct of a rnmmber of the
assoolation the board shall Inestl-
gate the same and If a ma.l.riti of
thep mnc-mbobrs -:.f the board are satl-
fled that the mater complained of is'
one which should be presen-d to th-
court for prosecution, the chairman
of the board of governors shall des-
ignate three m.rn-bcrs ,f th-.' L.ord
who shall in the name of the- state:
of Florida Institute disharm.-nt pro-
ceedings in tne proper circuit court
and ee that the same are prornptlv
brought to trial. In which sal.1 trial
the proceedings hall be- conr.licted
bv. one or more of the commltt-', so
appointed, but this shale ii ori pre-
vent Judges "now so auth,.,ri'ed bi
lat to order th, institution nf dis-
barment proce.' dings to ex xre.jI: uch
tlght The nrorce-lings heret,. au-
thorized ar.- to ,-' held iand ta .-ni a,
CjcumuIlti' to an, existing pro'.'is-
ions of lan'.
Sec. '? It shall Lie urnla v.-ful for
an one to practice or a sti-i, to aot
or hold hims-lf out to the p',bllc
as qualified to act or carry ,on the
callina- of an attorney at law 'rith-
out having first obtained the certiifl-
care mentioned in the fourth sectilor

You'll get a bigger value than elsewhere.

All improvements are completed.

ou get every convenience of a city.

e houses are well built.

The materials used are of the very best.

The houses are modern in every respect.

You will find many features in these, houses that the average
for sale house does not possess.

You can move in right now.

You will have pleasant surroundings.

The terms are very liberal.

The payments include interest at 7%.

The cash payment is only 10%.


And Be Convinced. %


If You Desire, We Will Call and Take You to-the Property.
.i .

I Established 1884 "


PHONE 114 OR 115


Get Your Can of FENOLE and Sprayer Today and Meet the Invading -

I Army of Insect Pests. Deal Them a Crushing Blow With FENOLE |

FENOLE Kills Insects Without Injury to Family or House Furnishings

Insects Destroyed By FENOLE Will Not Poison House Pets or Chickens

IIut l/ o q it Iit o e sGrab your Fenole "Gun" loaded with Fenole and shoot that innocent looking, hairy
Puts Mosquitoes

S I ( live and raise in filth, and want to eat and drink with you and your family. One Fly -
. Screened houses are not insect-proof. Mosquitoes can carry enough disease germs on his or her
will manage to get in. They do not stop with bor- a carease germs on hs or her
ing holes in your skin and flesh, raising welts' on fuzzy feet to infect your entire family.
= JS your face and hands, mosquitoes are well known
c- carriers of Malaria and other Fever Germs and
S deaths traceable to Mosquito'bites are not un- .// a. h .
common. l -- _
r There is nothing so searching, so absolutely destructive to Mosquitoes as Fenole-Spray.

hiding or in the open, and their chance of escape is hardly 1 to 100. F

E OL Kills Bedbugs d a and Roaches Are

n- Stops the Breed BITTER ENEMIES
I Of all the pesky critters that the housekeeper has to contend And don't board at the same place. Fenole sprayed around
with none compare with the bedbug for trouble in a home, the hiding places bring out these pests at once-at high speed,
n rooming house or hotel, and the person or persons who toler- only to fall before your very eyes after a couple of shots with
ate bedbugs will pay dearly for the privilege. FENOLE. Roaches die in piles where Fenole is used prop-
o- ., Most "home remedies and methods" for getting rid of bedbugs erly; eggs, bugs and that filthy roach odor-all are destroyed
are about as slow and unsatisfactory as "eating soup with a in one operation without harm to family or house furnishings.
knitting needle;" it may take you days, weeks, or months, Insects killed with Fenole will not poison house pets or
to accomplish what can be done with FENOLE in ten minutes. chickens.

Use FENOLE for House Cleaning!

SPRAY Floors, Carpets, Linoleums and Rugs with FENOLE before sweeping and the dust FENOLE WILL NOT STAIN OR INJURE CARPETS, RUGS OR OTHER HOUSEHOLD I
and lint will not rise, but roll up in front of the breom, leaving a clean surface. FURNISHINGS.

Housewives: Order FENOLE From Retail Merchants: Order FENOLE I

Your Nearest Retail Store From Your Jobber.

Refuse the So-Called "Just as Good"-FENOLE IS NOT THE CHEAPEST, BUT THE BEST.

Pints (16 oz.), 65c; Quarts (32 oz.), $1.00; Half Gallon, $1.65; Gallon, $3.00. Mouth Sprayers FREE-Large Hand Sprayers Extra.

Manufactured Only By the


Bell Phone 1093. 451 RIVERSIDE AVENUE, JACKSONVILLE, FLORIDA. Home Phone R-1114.
Miilmliillmlillllilill. Iliilmlillliiil~liullii~ilB ~ lmll~ ml~liIBUU Eilmluii ihlk

of this act This shall not excluil.
attorneys fit-m other states from ap-
pearing In particular cases when un-
der th- rules of comitvn of such other
states e-attuineyets t Iaw of0 Fl-irida
are elmilarlr permitted to appe'r-r.
See 23. .Vi acts.or parts of acts In
any -vay conflicting with the provis-
ions r-f this act are hereb\- expressly'
repealed and this act shall bt,
deemed a remedial a:t, designed to
fc'llltate the administration of jus-
tice in the- courts of' the state and as.
slich shall be libterally construed to
effectuate Its intent and purpose,



ontlinued from Page 11
early a date as practicable be set for
this purpose
By appropriate action of the board
the secretaryy ,a.s instrtictod to advis.:
vou that tne commission .'III convene
in epeclal session on Thtrsday morn-
ing. March 31st at 10 o'clock, for there
purpose of granting you the hearing
Yours very' trulv.
(Sigrned) E P. OWVEN'. JR.
Secretary _City Commission.
Recommendatinnu Of.
Aside from hearing chef Roach's
testimony at the session on Thursday.
the ccommrnleston will consider the re-
commeridatlons of the committee on of-
fcleers and police. suigesrlng changes in
the pollce department
Change in Southern Railway Sys-
tem Passenger Train Service.
Effective ei.'th last train arriving
a.t Jackeonvlli.: 11 30 P. M1. Friday.
April 1st. and last train lea' vni-
Jacksonville 7i' A. ,, Saturnda.
,lYSTEM Trains. Nos. i and 6,
"FLORIDA EXPRESS." will be dis-
continueli for the present season, be-
tween Jacksonville and Atlanta
District Passenger Agent.-Adcv.

Let Cuticura Heal Your Skin
In the treatment of all skin
troubles bathe freely with Cuti-
cura Soap and hot water, dry
gently, and apply Cuticura
Ointment to the affected parts.
Do not fail to include the ex-
quisitely scented Cuticura Tal-
cum in your toilet preparations.
aml. Zh bi- y .Nal. Ad. a. : "atlms bT, -
hgee SoeBa lCuticura Soap dhAin wiUmk muw.


The Place to Buy is

fal The Completed ra Subdivision"


Ii -

: __ ___~ -U



------- ~a~g~e~--- Isr


A Concrete Road is one enter-
prise that won't get into the hands
of a receiver. Once built it's always
on the job paying big. dividends.

A1a Sen Fracmeco
Ch.im Dearok Lo Angelm Parkermburm Seatt
Dei Hemi. MGla.enk PitAmbuoh Se.LOtie
De.v MMiansepom Poertmdod,Oreg. Veaconver.B.C.
De Moaemm KammCiy New York SalLuakeCQly Wahinr

Writt for Good Reada Booklet R-






Famous New York Specialist

Writs Ex-Governor Jen-
nings of a Most Successful

Treatment for the "Flu."

Dr M. 0. Terry. of New York writes
Go'ernoi Jenniniig, In all,'%%r to bn-
quil',,y concerning uC,:essFf'l treatment
I .f influenza. Tle dloct' ra&rks as one
,,f the forrno-t throat _pec;alias a.iid
gIene-ral uracttoner 'DC his profess loll
I| inox" rpinredii, .'a, a la-adirg and a".-
cessful piactlti.ine-r upward. of thirty
\ears, s3 a Surgeor Gknerai State ot
New York d(]irrng Sparnsh-American'
war. nsp- tf.j camps a.-i a specialist 1
during threatesie.d epidemic of typhold
re. e'- H- i iihi auJhr 01 'rledi ali
treaties 'T'lih. Soldier's Friend," and haiS
furnrnhed riihndreds of copies to afficersi
and men luring pre-scnr war.
Dr. Terry'1 Letter
N v. Y.r: ,r i. ty.
O.,tr.bcr i', 10 %
Ex-Goeirn,.r X"' S Jenriingsa.
STa.:k -..)i .ile FRla
l, I;. e a r c ,v e rr ,r
''n i- ou a31; about tl,-e ",i, i c
-of influeriza, ur qrrppe. I ':an you
rris in prni'.rTo "r_, lird. J.1 4: pe -
.sonal h/.pere.rt.e wJh'.h n ni1,i' np
-.s t .l-trt atn.'~t. it aa r-. j h tl y
Fa'ty louiri OL r. I -j it '.,rMA-K v.lit'calied
Lik,'Jnza andc. Va 1`cee 1grp-'r.nta-
J*1. .la' Sgerrrn

punanTfl Tv iny ffijFn 5ole abd
Sspreadini t'o itp .haiji us~ mucous rnrlem-
t abi usle's, tsu- rrhc. r orchi a i i ibs:
irto the ear-, cauqs.ng 111 srme in-
i .'rn,:e,, mast:.I't di, s e, and itle eyes
Sv..ore i.f'ren involvec- In a catarrahal
uctti i iE. It Uisuall.' rul.s its course
..hir R Wa eK but dft'n extenids'intd
ttl r .e-eil r.f the rungig. causti"g prnei-
'ori ., .-.r Eepric bronchitis.
s -. throat specialist in c o niunoCtion
.Alb.h '?_-oFlice practitie, I accidentally
ea'i 'tlF d. a.c, ery many years ago,
Sici't -4 ~lnce been amply %eritfled,
i.. mehjted oil used inr an atom-
PIaeT-.(ht'row ir a rfie .or *of the c.i.
i il] 'prevent tak i thllis irinfuenza and
-iill, when Ita.rt-d. a iel;f rat e it, in-
L,'nc.ir-, and pre'-ent pn u.nonia -"-Th'a.
spray ii.,iJiti consiFt of i liquid pe-
trol-,urn and (J11 O. Ei.ri E ,i.ftus in the
propo tion rj-f.\T. oltfic'e-.antfie former
and one dranrm-of [CI Tuifter It- hould
be tl.`d a-t 'T .-ft"- c.rnn'r6i fd evening
ir. the V',seE and triro.t Rul' during
the day, when urnde'r srperial P-posure,-
fuse at least every three riours In-hale
deep he-rn usinF the atrnimzer.
SNoL itristanding vwhat c-ar. ri- itri-
gujihr-d ba.'teroILO-gir[; are aY' inP th-at
no cu'r.- has reer,e found fr!i hil ,otn-
taginus naFty germ 'atarrahal .:old. the
treatnient Ftated is r.irlia.l 'and vill.
.ring atout resorts with'2~ r-.il,, any
.(Srtal ;it. If purulent brorc iti's -has
'e in', or pneutinma, inlalatlons of
l te..Il'ne w,;r1 the apparatus whicli
can "4' purir.rna-ed -at 'any dTUg store
can .ba.isEAd. E,'aporate con.tlanml- anid
iIPrL L to inbale frequently.
li oi water and ad- 'rdraA c.f Oil
Euo a.ptus. Plaqe ItKi ove stole .
Inhale frequently .- -
It is a goor" Piani fir thbd.i bliin to
u-e ar oil spray -wliet er _flictd ior
n .,t. If it be goeFed whL.'fTi' is supe-
rnor to an ordihfa'ry, at.'9eptr'i spray,
my reply i" .its.- erm,' r m any-;Ja-
rietPs' will live-in-riiost of- thA. b'it
l if rp ;t:yi'anthit,-or present's their
-rrnis., cannot ijiv -in the
.ptese6h 'of. aA oil. If you-.pen a. hot-
l ebfhe RbInten'fs will- soon
'u,.6or a .o'd glo ifoirnation will
ripP iri -na.' hort. 'd..-if you pour
,)fttt'1,Sailm oUJef. oil to cover the
'o1ii~ ae eonnts will keep indern-
i tblYl.'.aclllus pfeiffer is in thp
PDi4'f--anzd in ll-hair.ge'.Jrom the nose,
ttn.pErnalty for expectcii-alng 'ancd nSe-'
Jtowtin- on the side Vfalks, street cars
a'nd publle places v.hich. theF Health
board has forbidden should be rigldly ]
en forced.
*Hoping that this Information may.
be utilized for the safe guarding or the
public at large and the health of the
soldiers for whom you enquire. I re-
Your very truly.
(Signacli M 0. TERRY.

T~--- -Y -~--ICd-- ~

I I s




..ec king; to c ,l] ,l
T upon th.,r lull ridl
as Entire Commission Will CITY OF ORLI
best Present County's Claim PURCHASE Cc
S .for Highway Money. PLAN PUBLIC
b. All n.-rm.,er- of the t.a-rd :.f ccur, Orlando. Jan. 11.
Fle l .' omi..IOn- aco ipar,]td ,y ; "th noon hour to
n'x tL..Ir i.l-A I adviser an.J renC-.-neE. n.unjrce,.: tha the ,
or Al i lae next Ti-usd'y 3 bright for ,ormiiiin .rs wh
ch I a T Iall-,a e to appear tbef- in..r n L f. ec P tiv, I e Sslon
le .=ate road dep, artin.rt In the inker- -,irt of yesterday
t-[ cf Dul countI, ,r oper allct- reai.?h.i-d an agreemr
r p lelr- ,-nt -f iate aid funds city of -'rlando wi
e en- Thi e..urtv ha- rre:ei,.'d no sid o.:.inty court i,,nou e
f.r rr. a9d Luidine during the pas6 for the sum of $13"
t1 :. ,f:ur yvarE. The -.. l.iv. was vague. dred thouZarnd bt.In

Trveadlv pr fem-r1i_' 27. 19r'




Buildings Novw On
Scene Once
Bar' en-


Security Farms Devel-
opment Also Ad-
vances Quickly
H. G. Geer, ...f the tlri Ii G
e fr ..n I [1 1. i *. iL ... r b[. r.
r thu I i l n i- i tl i ii l. -
+ + , t th r .: ,t ,

-' "IOkeechobee Road i l. I :.l, i:Lil
+ tn~ si te th .,:l,-r*I,-i *i r: ',r,'., -, .

Tli.it of 60 acre 1 1 i iL -A Vi'-n,

la'nd witl muck 'I ii'i \ i-' 1 I .:.-
T he . t,_ I. ,, r t , ,...
w est . 0I I.. . it -il l I. r.' r.
th e T ,l i .:h .: , i l,,-
t.Okeechobee Road .-n .I.-: th.
s'" n Site the ,- iri n ,. I aI rid
.ct of 60 acres i.. r
and with inu ick .i..il r .i th i .. i -
S t.. I ll .I ",' 1 C :IT 1. I r ,. 'r-

I n i- l -l ji" ,l t r i t ri, n
i h r . i t.. n.t. .* r i i lJ 1
,- ,. h,. ,n 1f atrl. n'l
Iu ll.11 .la . .nt ,., -.m I

". ,. -11 .'." I. ,, .
f. II -n, t llv in o .,r
"i3n I _c h B =. ..'I a111l! r.l-, r1 .
Fr I ,.ttl t,- t l ..1 ",'
th- I nd Ptl 'r,,I ,lu,, a r :- r t. _,,
2t' a .,d i. ,_ull v .n .lI I r:, I a tI 'l
S ,, 1 l i Ltit _s an, I. u r4 ..b t n -

Iothi, n llI .r ,:r. H illl to i,, -
,: a t h,' ll' ,t t r. uir l I r I',l n l

tr si" 1.3rlrdL .
5' mileC l


Dr 'Williain E.farriz cii', fo- 0 1
2111 iWlk 1li~r.-r. r, it fit NM i.-ihl at-
Cid Stal.- Dair. v -*iij..o11711A- VVIJiI
n-.. III 4e4- J:. l ii ll tha~t CIt,.-
rI, II B a i I.- vidl i tli ci r or wli.-i

I.Plz- 1 1.111r4 L 1r L-. Ni r (4l~ ,3*1 ,I .

-4.. ;.rrl l -d T fI (.:,. .-r V% 'A r I

f.:~ilair Oiw t. 1ii,t
nun.:iTI.:,i-i4..l 11 l litL.-'
I ii li k i t* t' Cli I' ii il 1iii

P-a I f t B ', -I h~ I il. i I I II. itb
a I tl.- -i, Iii% f *r rr ;t-...
DrC.~i L' r' ':I C, t l IT

IF 1 fall '- tIill

Pa 11 1 B -ac 1-1 L 22
[Ii ,-ti~ Ert.I l: i.. o at J
UI~.." .E jal in aI" I i I l..;. il- : .:i 'r"1k
3't'.ih El hri ti nv-i .! ELh- N i4- Il

hu L.a r .: C,, e ll V L.It i*11 I1 tlr.- .. t1'
nj~j ilet jIia.kir 0.. C 'a; a i r

Char,[all o Commercer
Headquartersar Sillck
ra: li ha'.lt Spal
r~~ h~b

Govrrniur Jnnngs" ,hhus redue-d thi r:xs t be. anpiled, to
general r i-.v.ene-p.rpr.as from .ihrfe mill- oin i-LeI doullitr to
halt a mrilh on the ifollt:r. This Lax rov'.c- i. tr,,: rpetndit.ura
of the SLat., except for chorall F-lu-ps,.,-'. p',,r-ion: and the
Board of Health. It Is reduced to a nail m' 1l ti Lb. dollar in
spile of the fact that it bad to meet list year c.a'.,. uixtra
abp.roprl3ritinoe amoutlrJtg in, a] to H0,0(,i. 1 4 6 .
We do rnot krj-nw of anoth,'r State In the Union itiL' ha 1
aS low a tas to m,-r-t the general ,_xp-n:rs-s of its avcinument
T.: realize bow low It Is it is c-nly nec,:.-ar." to m.ke cump, -
sons of dtffv.rent amounts and s-, what Lbe totjl ta.x,:wBould,
be. A citizen worth only $1.-:., would pay only 5,0 ceinits to
meet the general expenses of the State. One worth' $10, fl
would pay only $5i one worth $10i).0I:) would pay ony nly A .The.
millionaire would pay only $500 n tLax per year for tLs' pidr-,
pose. .'r-_ ..
To a great extent our people owe this redujtiron of ta sn-
tion to the good work of Florida's delegaLuon L the Iast
Congress. About three-quarters of a rrdilion d.-art,--a surp
that had been due for nearly half a century-w,'- ?ollcted
from the Federal Government and part of it was u-..d fur'
paying the State debt, thue reducing th.- nltere-t i charges.
Th,'se Interest charges were further r,:duced by the good
credit which enabled 'the SLate to replace it. outatanding
bonds with others bearing a lower rate of Interest. The Inter-
eat charges against Florida are now scarcely apprecJable.
The present adninistrardon of the State deserves much
credit for the splendid showing which the reduction of *axa-
tion makes. The rate imposed by the Legielarijre was three
mills on the dollar, but the Governor was authorized to re-
duce i iif he saw the revenues and expenses justified It. For
1912 Governor Jennings reduced the levy from 3 to 2 1-2 mills
on the dollar: for 1903 from 3 to 1 1-2 mills, and for 1S01 from
8 to 1-2 milL Taking the three years together, he has cut the
rate exactly In half, making 4 1-2 mills JasteaJ of 9 answ,-r
forfthree years. This could not have been done without go I
No State in the Utilon offers as much as Florida to the
homeseeker. It is safe to say that ni.:.re ha.- been made from
ope acre of land In Florida than inh any other State of trc
Union. The death rate of the State Is among the lowest. No
State has a climate that c-an e ,uil ours. Our people ca-n live
In comfort the year around. Florida leads the South In her
public sohodls. A number of higher educa.tlbnal iasLtuiuons
are growing up in the .State. and State taxation Is little more
than -nominal. What more an a hoieseekpr ask? .
-gta-n-'a^f~afa I vy"9 .,.tu ..'(

The Florkn







.I P let n lileacll 1i
,,. K etc h iin Corporation | '. ,., e
I. 21. pl .|'. l l t" Ino\ nl]p ]
S. ... Experiments Prove ciani.. r c..m
ill aI I BLur- lterci liiarni
ca. V e I ,L(r'l agi cultural
:ti.'ejii] at I--P rdai.av Ini;id a at
i. FINISHES PLANS i jct r tl. I-,utld
.l Jtti FOR CURING BARN eit'. vicr ti:e.
1l. 1'h canal., or croi. car
,,Lt: u- Plant W ill Be Erected t'Jon u. wrtedlEl;
He rII.I.rted that t
,Ii u rl l On Belle Glade FluridJ E-a Ca
Tract Ird,"-,,' l,,e br'
ii 15ai l_ igat.i o tr, e pr. ,t r
c a t r-.uil 1''UIach I'u:t. ,ept. I.l t ihe m o.mlni ari
'i,, I \\ M. IKetLhin, niainaier of th l,:al Ei .t' ate Buari
Stl, caal.l Ketchilm Tulaccu Corporation. of *.cal ;.1 uma'. ,1
eerauii Tarf'f.. a ll. Conn., has liat deiignc J ; ., .. \Vu ,na
etera t a rtha :c: curilig barn o be e erected .1rade,- Cuuncil ..
Lctit c , lub all thf
clCi th :IIn ith Ketch'in & Hale plantation at v"ani's Clu. all of
d captain BIe Glade, Palm Beach ciuity, in t reeiltred at tI inll
ukil t.r he heart ,,i tle l t erglades u nl:c o t.irdar I
a.il- H..i- The Keichlin Trl.acco Corporati.:.l Chamli.r ot CL.nrr
i l..C..l: a- i nowv grv,.. in tobacco t1 Connecti- Narcii sus str.:ct
'ol''ra'" o cut .:. land ,alued at from $50l J to Repreentati..es
S')0 p',,r ai'r., requiring each year organizations. .ill
-al .urrris- clhrmicai feriizers t t the amln unt of bodidls oni the i.t
-r -'.cti' 1n1..fl151 per acre, t'e production run- and will thtILrj
ai -ll or- g from l.n ,i to 1,800 pounds per deuelopmnints an
a1t .UC ani r a r sun-grw'itn tobacco. Frroi'n gi.n them.
lerhaxt pnsmall exerilnent conducted o th.: Fllowin" t
:en rc-m.NelKetch-in & Hale plantation last Chamber .f C,,
larted t;t ,r pringii. Mr. Ketchml its co.,n..n:ed that Eu, u r: aCa
,t a d M' ia firic quality. of \rappel- tobacco urtlILL'r. ma
-th C cran !,e gri. n tile drained ditrict. st .rrm t l .l I I'u
1, -.. eirh,,'] oi the Ever-lades without ant,- fer- "T tran.- ,rt
il[ i r1 tillers and a much hca icr produc- ui our surrouniiJ
u.t IS fet tioin than Conne.ticut. Thi,. hl e sa,, s, 'ere deemed o:
is at thl certain\ makes it lpok as if land that at a a hal
v~ter shells ,,alue, about Bclle Glade ,rill reach cate i.ith such
jliLs tl a higher figure, prr .iiabl b.- itd
Iheic ith i n a letter ti. The Po t. an officer situation. Ti~:
in. ,rl of the Ketc:him Tobacco Corporation:, cuntri and lthe
: ike- \rite- der date of September 12: f.ir zhirpmeni t Ir.o
iter : a a "it ma, 1., alI itein ot interest to try had, alre-ad, :
the sul I;".no. th.t i K .tchin & Hale grew anl the Chamber co
iter.r.ard |liipsh er Ij0)ij,0i0 bulshi.s l I p.iotatoes opporlunii I t or I
:.ristio fr...m their lilant at Belle (Glade to lati- shilp Iwt.. -r
this th middle \esterin citir. last spring, and \\est Falm P
recei'.,ig from 15 to 41)0 cents per -altiing trade rC..,
.IU acres hundred more than the market Ipric. takni ,:,,gnizac3i
ii! \\'ill in fact. the E.ergladcs p.,tatocs "The F:l..r:Ja Ea
aif..tIdel ,, c, io ,ell liki d Ihat K.-tchin &
Inunim roiu Hale ha e alr,:ad', untreatedd to de- lia.t .ur.e*,:l a a ,
iit to it: Ii.c il 25, ii1i lus;hels next M ay tIi railroad dui .,.i.-t
iauls di- KKa sas City:, alone. Mr. iictchin will Beacl, s. ,m i sitecn
raised ai ~,j \.e t from Crlnnecticut next moith uf h.hicili si[:.r n oI
.en to' th' i:t. me t an daditional call and e_- ,eJ lr .,'ti- t. rl; .
es.' \ in I peci. to -, ni utip for 25.i.1)) bushels Luci- a-anil .it
,f lr. ral- mor,- I eac:hill (Jl ....:l
O'.ibililie' Eightli :petimniits c..,iliuctc d at lead oif Lak,- Ok
l and, in th. K:tchiii & Hale plantation In po- tnce o, f ist,-ti.'
th tat: lato s- ith and v itliout fertilizer Palim iDeacli It
mtini., in t rctultd in I ....r oi nvl fertilizer E. ] build, Il
i tI .k taknil te lead .iith a .,eld ,f l' tc bn uiiii~
cu tS ,lihel- tu the acic. Thi, thout :
..rth .~(ii, aa ci al alhcllion.
*L.c:t asict .-B,,th M r. Kctchml and M r. Hale ,. r trn ,i r
oa,'." are ,i...ne, crs illi the deielopinent of Palmi Bal .h cj al.
the E,.-rgladt ,, and are mightily in- at, .r near, hit
a" ha 'e for tIikl p.
,,1 1 r.. I ,il.* et rIt, 'l d i n e c ni i h t a l. :c .. u nrl l e a e f o r k
br..,uli t tol a .T.ucc.l s : I. Th:,y haa e. th,' I-.(r-lJad- |,.,tilts
fi. ,. Th, last t.-ro years mark; ted all Ipota.- ol: lparan.liluni Inl
lan .t sel l- toes prn.,n at Belle Glade v.itrnout a the bulhJiini of thi
Sa ellt o coniinisinrailroad. ... that
the up].lir L'...r
POLESuloj il a:i ,




AY, DECEMBER 18, '1915




Puget Sound Bringing 6,500 Tons
To W. L. Blocks, Agent Here
For Government

W ith ri-,e ac,:re,, :.f niirite1. .lue ;n
Tanpr-a Januani, 15 as a rn .irocei d ,. -ter-
da, i, L. Btlo:. ai a inr a. e ieit
Ih.re E..r t,. .Jl|.armnirrt o. agricultiir?.
rIa |- l.a it :-irt cl': 1inerr:e will .LiKv a
,jiinif .:.l 'l:'' l t-l r F:- .iij :rt ra :. ii -
l10 1n d,- li r-, l..i l i. n1 im s3 t : lu ar ,'r
*:. '_, [liar i -s. bP i r,r:d at il ? p. rt.
.:.:.rii r t.? i r B o!.,:t:, a-h.. ha- b _- n
r .:.r,ln,- .-. .J err -.':,r . i SC.ulth
A. n r,, .: i i brul il.-i ; i1 [lIe i" 'r1 e *:-r T m rr a .
li' r uic '.:unl tui, srn Ji! p,'g b: .P rd
st;cjmr. .3 a u i uS r ?ttling urd, r wa.
.r Tr Inpi-, f!o rme ChileaI n port with
t.:.1ii inr3 L 'i nrariri e hiDi is cil.'ii,.led [
doc i h'r.- ab.:ur JanJai :a 1;
A ga' i,:r i n i ll start iv.rtk ti'drn '
*.:-erli.i-Ji n rite r.,iiirner.. and rpaliring
lth docks at the .c-:iien r. ir'-hiue. on
Sedate is-lio.dl whicn. .b ing enii cicei-.-
d''a iin c tlie r- ar. .:uit the crn.enrt trade
in nothiiig. Th e nllai inri, 'l T'r I l3dirn
aInd d!eis.hareing there the co:il hoist and
Either rYetriinal F~Q elji.p err c- nedr by Mr.
Blck-I Tre nitrate Is shiprpe In ba ;. making
the tcermniria pr-, blernil EiiriTar tc. those-
for handling celnent. n.r d ?lrh the pres-
Sirii equ rimehnl iit .i o ti Aatre Mlr. Bliac F.i an-
ti-ip ti a- i tr ., ble ext\r dining the ci rgC.
Mr. Blo.-ks n'as ni:t at hbbertv to talk
r il. -b.-ut corntlnuing the nitrate Iradi
'to tl is par., Iul hF.Jiiltte.il he oDtl.e ve
[hli once stirtfed hii vugh Tan-pa. it w.ll
ilr.t ic liard t.j k ep It rcming tirr.ugh
tl p-.rt.
Thie \aiue of the c'rgo v-llr not hbe less
Lhan fI ;i,iO0. TIhere s n.- nritr e or .
the niarkec nrio, Sic.rding to L. R
i'oadrl. co the 'ulr' Frrilizer Cormparn,
and tre gc.t ernment hs riot annroui.c.]
"1 ner priie, but M r \\1c.ds state- list
iiiight that about t 01) per t- n probibl%
-'1ll hi at conner'RaLive estimrata on the
c'alue. Till- mill make it one c. tlih
!IUEt .-luible. s rCArcoe. that have enrtere,
the local port, prob3bt: tilte mrst -ualu-
A continuancer of ihe trae. r.ith or.ne
Or two B'i, itetair a inrltn. a-ould send
Tanipai e--t..nim rc. up mll:.re than fl. Aunf .
t"'l t-I" ni.n ,rh and puIt1 the l.'i anione
tl 1. ding- p.-.rta on trI G.lf and South
Atianilc : ast3 Iii alu.e r.i- cr .nllll nte.

TtCefrLT SLICJawT rr-

Conkling's Grandson

Is" Awarded D.- S. 0.

Long Island Boy. Injured "
at Cambrai, Honored
by the British.

L).nJon. 1:'-. 1 .-The ilthnguislr-d T
-eli i-': ordri l.i I i n aw-ardcd to Likur.
V\ Alter G 'O.Iilin Jr. of L-lip, Lo :
I-dlnd. a granl-'son orf rosi:c. Conkling,
i..r gallanriy" in tie 1i 'ai ral i battle,
v hri e hli' ,'a vro'nuide 'ojl Lt illilrd C
ti;,.- f
L .:ut Oa( ir.i i : n .:.' .n a ,li' ate lios- d=
p.til in ,Lndo:n. anid it bing nur-ed
b. in ..e t"- He has 'wouvij *-,.,n lhawtd fro
rind i-r. hull ri:'. ii,:, in thi aiiiL' a
Wiii L.I';.' :, P Starr. a PhlildR lphia

iihi.lit. Er'" ir.l i ha.: -guli' .: :,rp c a:3rly, in
[thr- wiar l-iH ', ~, irs t woundede d in

i-er returInnr to the flnt. hut jhli rI- a

c-nlpa h:.. 'lakmhian and Starr ner.- ro-
g-stiier Th 'i? % lih ig s'dE by ddlr
idr* in tihe Latti the Soriin:. wh\eni Fr
t.arr "*a kill.: .' lhil t- l.ile c1'n i]g
miu had le.:, in d .f i llii -. i :.is i- i thP 11
...ld ir .I.r-1 il. a- id.:nlificd
'.nlth'i Ill -. lh A ,i :,uou !n g iIlIIn t llr:n v .:.unIJ- rll-
,:(i i,:..-fi re l(n.'4 lit.al

Life Imprisonment f6r Youth.
,.l,,htiow n. ] *c-.. 15 -C-Ihrjtler KnrEg,
Bec;i trll n ,, .tir3 vld, coni: .t-,1d or til l
lislal,- t*, S o il,.I _.,:S-11il, r.n aLt ,rn obil, id
i13-liJin. c-f Mapl--w'ood,. Suelllitn roin- a
r Jnii I lear. hia blcenn eenterncedO to rii:
li vinlprieornnnt. p ru


.S.. .t.s v.r. b prod d... j io rI.
plant, ,if land lert t,, :t ow ,e.t
o E;Cer; dUEScrintITn i," the train
T'heB t Lroubl. e nri-v v.s t.T th :
MOi[ nT E ninN to tli 2 5a[ :. ns air
Sd,:e rtno.ighI t:. earr:. hi'- ge ni
S .-cl, t a p a c ie l to s r ',: rli. 1 'e d, Ts
M O I-RI FER ILE I l | ,.3nal,4 n,1 t,.: mad, ,j ,. r 1.. I

-m. r. rc. .. rafl -i -'r. :a s ia-1i
ALLEY OF THE NILE b .... ,, bc nda dp
"WLth ,r r .r ,:.." tran '.- .,alata.:.n a-.I.
I .5 tbat re?,r n is (le. f- ,d tt:. -.I'rpa
into Ain'ric .' ..Int r .. di-n. arnd b.
orme nrot onl y a Winte! ;-ar '1-n but a
Sall itl r 'rout.j: .. 1 .1-n ith proi
i_' V ,- I, n i '. -A, II ]ili.:a'n dI ji,..[ n riiade a cc ,r'ali U sc i.3ocE _5 i
i -r r :v ." Itr. ,l. L' ..:.d :d- thlr-ii :h t tw l l ,:.n-th-' l[ t :) .- i
,rin ,trndr. u in ll 4_,rl r nl a i el. h.- 1,1i-. C to go an
| itv i t rdja. n.3 i i-.ii Jrn at the i e a .:1 .-: 11'\ I-,I: l furrh-r a-nd rha
1 Lri, e oft ri, t t i. 'Il: in. Ji'tau. Im It hil .- the ac.-ti itl. F.- c.r i rl. : d ral ford
I Ti .:-nLi .r. .' : n t a- min.n rati.rn rv.ould i lj,s: automati-
said. "i i.. l..-rr ..r_ n a w k 1 b thee. L anIn r- arttl.'l,- of
.3oI n ill tti: L ti.' K R I.'.i reg,.:. i p,'rai,. i".:t I' aeri-'ltv and tc lier it
I Ih.- r, i, d.:.ur.lnr r i ]lma: n tn, F]ic. da. ..ould n.rt cone to an 'nd. .
L-ti e ht hor li. t !;i- a .i, r ..wn tilcr l am in Fl-.rida to i :taL., he Fitd In
ard ne r '. imi r :.r- :.ullld Ii; .'' hl l tih l' l .i :.r..cli-ai o ,.n.
nl* I. aL. l r- ai d 1 tl t 11,,3 it --
Sail rir.lt. : y ,:.' i iaii'aoir'l, I 000DD THING RIE WASN'T.
*'1' h i".in tihe Nil.- and .! .:. ?'- jtiriini
b`it Uli. Lal:- ,.kr" .ir,r. c- .uratr'- hat. Tih re had r ..r, i aa:-:i1.-rnt. The mo-
r-.oth .:.Itf l,l-,i r,-.'wd'.j E ,into ,' F rner I r" car hld rIn lr,. a ma in tLoe.s and
a.'hc th-'.it i, i..n i. .i -nred uU to ,, i l- r i':.*' li'' in riur,-l. pirt l:, ..a. ilal in
t% i\ llnin anl In' ide ac, -,- rl e hi adl- d rnm ages.
ilijtt: rarnspt.l rtat2l .*n a ilities. Proi 'liLAt' V.iu wh Iri ll i'.i.r -Lru.hid
M..Q,,a,,& .'. ,J. d .:iL ai, n that Flord.i I root? ..,rd d h :]-.,-?eni ur. aghast.
tan b- nim d-- :, ard]e: t,- suiji.l itne- "I.o l her.'t. I'- .il l in' ,' pay-I'in not
L.alan. *.f n- N.. i r h .\r.:rilcan ,-n !- a inillionaire '"
n"-nt wrili I. r-aiiziid Prh'r.: v\'u i,, r ." rc'plii-J thle vir-
"Tihe-i tIh product l rI th- t;mpfr- li ". rmln y ind I -.n t no .c-nt.ipede!"
a -i 7-.1 : :tI l rh.,:- .1 r Ihe- tr.'in c's i.n B-'stn Pi:tl
li: instl. [r.I-.ll. t,.-rli I agre, with -- ----- .- --
SIi [n .r .n il"i- t I.r.l. I. i a. iir THE SLDIER
nation. anr r. ,th l-t .hn( s. SOLDIE h ,
LhaI. all irn. iiar nE.'.-c tn r[-, TTnilt.l Orffer-H've .Ou r.l:.pped ti.t n'.c -




F fknr ed


Minet Friday;

San, Warships;

SIn His Honor

President Believes Groundwork

For Actual Conference Is

About Prepared


America Will:Take Principal Part In Staving

Off Hunger Fronm Europe's Distressed

Peoples--Sorbonne Address Attracts
t i

Attention Of Diplomats

I.f ._ *-u l to the .Assu%*ull d PIl'r. te
Sdon, Dep. 23.-It is expected that the entire day Friday,
eday following President Wilson's arrival in England for his'
'visit, will be dpvoted to a discussion by the President with the
SBritish W r Cabinet of the terms to be proposed by Great Brit-
ain at the'lntr-4Allied conference preceding the Peace Confer-
Tiij.Cabiet; it is said. will be able'to finish- by tomorrow
night thp'tiHbPof-fraJniiig the' terms, and the final draft should
be read yT ristm4s day.'

(" .'Cale to tLh .h ssoclated Pcejs.'l )
W Slhisingt(n. ItEc:, '..- It may be th,: l distribution the subject' has
stated apthoriatively thaL, Prestl L'een dicused' wAit mucli intert
Wilson will 6pposJ;lifh:'e diist c di et amo.tq.Amricau and Allied "ha.al
failn ll 'ut j SV 4- ,otflcers he'e.' Some offcqrp found reu-
..i ..ln e t l ufiisl tnd'a'"" rerd'1 '4 son 'tor' s .portl ig such a course,
erm n sBi, itleo-the, .ga iiparticjlarlY/.in the. dihfqult.y o -,iricor-
'r," .. ... pora'n-tln 'tllo (icr.,pa\ is craiit of
P W'(o' ''pe;tq' Parl tbit 'g.iF ii .. 114.1u.a, /
-Z 1 -4'
; friW qfo^W_ ereA o.i- O. fiiuialt J ja p "o i s t

.." -f e '.--, 0' I' *- .-
r''nbce. i' H "

hto e tiddeea' le
S"L. ('y Ca hltc to li e "A7sskhhtet e 'b s ,
P.iis., D.ec. --Pres ten t Wilson'g t which ihe, again defined his conception
conferences today and. tomor-ow will of. a. league of nations, attracted cios-
-i rtually' coipleotl the I pIeliminaries' et attention from all public men here.
-he is expected "to d' ;ro-e of before This is especially true of his state-
going to Eng-laind? 'the h pirobabl v ,kill ment that the war could never have
lay, the principal part of ti.h grouLn." occurred if the Central Powers had
worik for the actual *eaece conference. discussed it for a fortnight apd cer-
Mr. Wilson considers the most tainly not if they had been forced to
-'pressing of all problems before tne talk matters over for more rtan a
Entente nations in a fair way todiad .,ear
being solved. This. is' the question of
supplying food .tthll a-tarvnhg peoples The Presidenl's address has ecaller
of the liberated; touintrles. t. now that the United States, while William
seems probable tjat'tite work will 'io Jennings Bryan was Secretary of
handled principally' by the United State, negotiated .A dowen arbitration
States through. Herbert. C. lHoover,.
.merican Food .AdNlil.trator. It has treaties one of them withj Great
been made lain to the Entente na- Britain These treaties bound their
iions that tle United States ihas no signatories to discuss their contro-
wish to claim entire credit for the 'ersies for at least a year before pro-
work of reliet in the minds of the ceeding to a declaration of war. An
people wihe are to be fed and a sat- attempt was made to negotiate such
is'fctory understanding appears to a treaty with Germany, but the Ber-
be in sight. Mr.' Hoove'r v"ill confer lin Government refused to entertain
Slith the President again today. it. It is also recalled thesame idea
Participation by the United Stateq was once expressed in a plan for pie-
in various councils that ha'.e beer: serving pea-ce put forward by a group
I handling food qiuestidns.. mnattcrs of headed by Viscount James Bryce. for-
shipping -- .-1 the like is being graid- mier British Ambassa.lor to the United
ually wouniil upp's Amlerican officials States.
ar..c trending toward the opinion that .s To Brya,'' Plan.
these are proper subjects fo,- the con- There is no ofimai authority lor til
sideration ilf a league of nations or statement that Mr. Wilaon is tiink-
,.t least of preill'inaity or'1,anations ing of the Bryan plan as one of the
wl'ii,cl may precede it elements in the proposed machinery
Some of tbhee who lit'. .e b.rn gai- for preserving wold peace. but ltii
ing the subject close study and hace reference to the plan In his Soibonne
been following tie conferences with speech ha:- set public men to talking.
Entente repre'dntmati-es ,ay tlich' No announcement has been made as
.,r..I' -- ,,' I. surpri-ed if th. real to how far the conference betw-cen
found.1ti..- of a. league of national Mr. Wils.,n. Premier clemenraera.
were to be lamd in co-operati,.e ar- Premier Orlando and Foreign, .Minin-
r----nients between the United tr Sonnini .have gone, but Fren-4d
State; ana the .Alliei for' handling public men have declared that the:r
these fundamental questions. Premier's taUls with the President
were entirely satisfattor,. It is alVo
Sorbonne Address, Attract,. belieed that Mr. Wilson has ma.~s
London, Dec. 23.-Mr. Wllson's a,- substantial progress in his confei-
dress at Sorbonne on Saturda:, in ences with Italan statesmon.


IBy Cable to the
London, Dec. '23-The first organ-
ized .e-hcme of street decoration in
Londotl si ,r the biginiutng of tl e
'war, is belag arranged for President
Wilson's visit. There was a big j;s-
Play of flags Threi' the'armis.ice was
declared. and likewise for tie ircep-
tion of Marshali Fochl and Field Mar-
shal Haig. but llies dlemon.tirations
were entirely spontaneous and lack-
ini in lharmon:,.
It is understood. ionw..' er. that tor
the President's appruacltng \jsit it
has been decided that thli entire route
from the. ailway station to Biucing-
lamn Palace shall be elaboratel,- and
systematically decked with standards
linked by sireamers. Some of the
poles for this purpose have already
been erected near the palace. The
Stars and Stripes will be the predom-
inant feature of the decorations-and
the flags- of the Allies also will be
Will Loan Bunting.
To liclp make thee cihem efltf tL.e
the Department of Public Works lI:'s
in'.ited Utie occupants liolEeS along
Ithe route to apply to the department
for tlie loan of bunting.
Tie decorations of thl Liit) of Lon.


, .^

Assoelated Preas.)
don for the PItsident -. .icit oi 5,,t.r-
Jda. will likewise'be apon a splenud
scale. -
Tie v'ariou:- Government ,Jipar -
Iei'ai;v wer-e bibusily engaged tc-day i
pr:rfectltig tlie de ltail of the pr'epa,. -
noii.s for tli. Pre ilden' s ent. rtaij,-
nment. Tiirre r.a. Ilrkewise conslder.t-
bie acri.-ity at Buckiiglam Pala..
President W'Vilson is not only the iii.:
Itead o0 a republic to make a sta.. -L
ti,. palace ,uLt the first aS gijet .
lonor to L.e accompanied by his v' .'e.
A. ithe witee of a ProcsidenllL ias no of:-
ciIl status tilie court has a pro .ic-ni
itr etiquretre to decide r'egarding Mr.:.
W. a .on.
\ Guard Of Hongr.
The Ciaring Cross Station. -ceie
the President will enter Londoin. will
be gaily decorated. Tle Gbuards will
furnish a zuard of honor and a band;
at Buckingliam Palace the King's
Guard and the Welsh Guards wIll
awaat the .President s coming. These
troops will mount a guard in the
qraudrdngle in front of tire palace
tlirouEliout the President'-: stay. in
'.cremonial oc..asions hiis carriage will
Continued Ou Page 8.

I -


1 ~c



_ __ ~_


- I


General -ns hiny's Complete Story of
i,^ iS e ;,acutP- g


Army in France

From the Organization of the Expeditionary Force Until the Capture of Sedan, HIlien "he Had Cut the Enemy's Main

LJne of C('itan.iation. and Nothing but Surrender or an Armistice Could Save His Army from Complete Disaster."

Cabled lo the

N-, -i. i- 1 1.

Ifl Drift Me Ri-.-rrTY-

li t 3ry sof t!," ,.i ,i ,i. i, ri 'ill i''1 i. ur f LI. 'f rii '' i i 'u--su-r.
.Inkrr-' t .n ,, ;, r r.! ,1 ,i FI I, L V-lI l i t- I L.. l
Purf ii. 1 it hia ..uI t r I l ii l ,. i i I ir. i i l l r r '. I

T h,-" tt -itr, Ci. i, u u l] i t i '- a t .1

i n. in i i ', i [ i i ..i i ii

[a lli.' i-t trf i ,i [ if--n if "lt nt i 1 i I i- f. n, r. ii
lrl 'r t,'lit r1 ..iuii h r ..L .i il i i r.-. --
A at -frr .. '. nl -i i i .... i iti 1,1i.t i- rn
W1 lit ''h ,: 1 -I r.11: I, l1,.1.1 h ,

li a Ci i -i, n I -'.- u -i. i lJ .. 1 i 1- .- s -
l ' .[ I" r n l'i r f i '. -iii i i .i i i t i i r I i i .
Io f the |.r,.,r~l-.rli ti l i, r~f.r. i ,]. ,I i . 1 ..
fir it r :1.1 1l.1 1., l[.. r,. li] . ,i ". ",: *. T i % 111 ,1 ,1 i i ir. 'i : '] 'n r Il n I *
A' ilSl tiit f.'i uh i-.- -i -ui i i i u i i ,r- -f, ,A &. tu'da.
Ce-itrl *Sa
A "-a t1 ,u rr, '. if, i tr..ri-,.r,.I .r 1i r.i i .. i ,i ni r .
alr.1-1 h l I' r. -' t. ,,r ] i si t. ''. I ui ..u .-1 I.- ii-
nI p hin- lir LI- i-r i ..r. inI 'll tI: M.r ,, iI I.

SlIM f Ir'. I :i . In'..hii ii r.i i i. i r k i v .. I i .. ii .
m> r.1 [I'ft II, .X-Is -ih. ri,. i r .- . .I
fi, lr. I t i c I t h.: h I i I r I .. iIi i, i i r -

Pl.>tit l t .i u--lh in..' -..r i n' I .'. t.f !i [i i S l I' ii nil -ii r lut-
Iof ink- < ',1I \? ii,.l l.7.1,l i

raicl. tia n--i i.. an I Sit ..W i-'I 5t. -i- a- n-i. u- I tii f ,rI- '- -. .. I i 15
ayal-n ~tie;f--fli i-tt'

i s s .1 -1 i. i i 'i I it .i..' l, ,,t rs '. i t. .. r'.. -i r
11iC.n it -its ir i. i-. -.. i.> t' i. l t i 1.. r. I .I i 1
trl ,- L,*i r ..-.r 1[ ]-[..r ". l

ChaI ,gr il..rEh i!s- itil hti -rl'i.i-. [ In i t-i i i.-i tt

pSt ffiLu ,tif u tu' i-.a.s Sui n-fi. rril. fl-au uf it ar 1 -i i 1. .-. -1. 1u1.1i ..r. n islili
The , i~n l I|.h l I ,iij',I rl~ i
1 i rl : t. tl1. I N.[:t 11 ri ..- 1--1

LubI .rl: I I f : Iii.: ., .. hi., .. r h-ii i. lO d-l e l ii .- ii i ii. ,
nf tlIng Inf..l riI Atl.ii. F -l.. ii -l it.l iri -ilr -u t I1 .i ,.
chal-gi-ti auth c-il elnit.i-.u l i. ma[t.!. al- ~i.. '- r,.. trr s.. ut- u~ ii- ..5. 'me~ l i
EsupFIrvd .i.i n rai.i..- rIfnIidutIt n- al.'Iu-i s -."- i Ii l

f u iC[ t fl'ihS >: ,r l..:5, l i. l r.1., .i -i i-i- l. i-li-i i" [.''t i ii
altc_.nm, ,:.f I_n^ nirr .i. (- ,.. ui.i I., ri n j .1 l. ll[ i.[ .,, ,1 i.. 1*.M I
If th R t ,- :, In-l. t \r '...ir..l.. i ', ij| n '

eral rh1 .- Il..n 'nd t. -.._.t n. i r. .i in i I. i i:,]i,
Tb.u; ffr.tiCil.i .s :-T'..rC ,.. ."tfl.5I s.,. I t,, -. tl ,.im.It.. nm hint. II ti;-is--
* bord, Kh,.a w,-. 1f L._ .t- i i,_.j :r. "-rr. r.ir. -
tinr'.. T,' llh..: ,:.'['-.'im -tr. i' Fti- -. i.- t ri-C r.i
Clii e i- 1 f Sh n(1 a I a -i i.:,il i ..i-i u 1,.1.j a uIi.i 5. I i n. tIer ul i i I I 1 i1- I
c'lharg, of -..t a r0. ,L-i, + h;+.l -f <....I r r -p -i- ,I.. I-I.I

ftr i h,- r-?ull_ s.,bl..li I. r.-- ,Ilil' Ir ef. .:tri i, it.; 'r -rI. -tIt ..-- n .n
lioln, but In : I. pil:. i- t >_ .:.r I- >. mr ri. ,-i..lf. i, .: ti L i i 1 -r..r l.ni 't-5 .i
have ensi-n.
OrgLanization and Training
c Afltirn aS [ m r.ugh I ..n.rii l-r ..ri .n ? Cauli -. r- artn .t a I n i- .
our c,:rn, t tis altf n i l-..ul. t .ts i .fi [ i r. i -t' S I ii. ii I I ii
oa n a. lllth ihi' ti- alr -,li- iI.. .f 1.. ... -r. i i ':I
to s. hal iftali ai 4.li1d 1 r. n ltill. f L. l i- iri0. i t n n0i .t-1
raun batld i ..i-t r in. fn f I..igin. -r i'.c- ls i 'i[. a li .. i. rrI..ria I II .. .i gi-
tall n.i i If gon tr. i ,-. a-itf i h J: h. ,Jt-z ...f.t[..,ii i I :.f n i a i I-ti i -
Thtl. w.i, f- Wi n.:i..'lt .- I ..- i I -S i i.- I-t. I-a h .i.A i u 'ulr.. to',i: 1 t M A ..

nojid~ rlL.rni lll. it.ji.l ii.t ,.[ -*.i.: .ih i.: i.,i; [.u : ih i aln .: I.. n l i.r
r)plar. -mT--II,-ii l Ii..n itt- *lso Sn'. t-i-n i' r.i- i t ''5 3 iri. rI-t. inns.' unf
from thre-e Io fti.- '...r -.-i- thh I'Oi .fiat m i I i.ta.I-; lul n, I a.-mir .3 r a ::.I
malit ot'.:-" an .ar.trni,- n hn t:'.-ft till i- di i i ii liI- tn-I inui lr r--
el rt'f. lth LIt J .-.,t Ii r..n-I .. i ,l' t f. s I -i i . i -ar- i- fi f n is
Ihe sriakr.

be albl.. t.) 'n k., ll,: ,.[l.:r.. i... >. Inl .:\.-r, i t- \: \.J LI r .-. ]..
nIionts of ait .lT'-r I tn lI -j lar iiic i .f u jtM aa- 'ai >ii" .i f i. ri:., TlI- fiin l iii I
Menf .r arrlral i r, F r italn .ill.. -d i .1 '1 1 i l a 1
t n-rd lnBatr .tlio n In 1-re- al uPalii a ir...]i i P iii ti-t f r S a iiin i ln i-
rund uinet--lio-n. In isasir hul av Iin-t risitiar iafi a uitt'la ornu Ith

,". quiet tri:rin h t- .iri b.' r'atII.il, h. -n--t ti i month ii i Arne," t r .f i.
pt treni h s l .-n iSt 'h..u-l-d bi l.IrIa d u .ie a c-air1lI tt r -Iioz In aI ian .in t p-
- Vtr- epriy a iy~lttm .:.f t..:-h--si a aus t.-ailniri nd chiitj t--d a K. h -h.t.ul
Iat, ou' the ad'a. tth .iitii 'f irL ii. ir ti ix Ift-s- i s- 6i fr-:it in- fir XI tin -
t iT-ail ac -uroaul cinir- f it L, r. r I,: -t ir' ---r-f u-- 115 -i I l I .t _,il %i I. a t e h-
staff r.hoo. cI -,rLL e l e ri ni i ri. -f-. C .:.i' -ial t ..:. i ni ii -i
'il owt~nt orsegtiLutt iual. Cud i-t- t~iidisjit t.. ,r-tiil]H. I:i.-.;>. li..r -.:-.,. M -ni in til.
r -an i h l.. oh t i a l- rn ri q l ailti I l -i- r n -. v-' n l t .- r i i
bca tl.:-ia, II fr-,n c ilf lii m i l -f- ri.h i; t-i i.u.hi E. hi:.:r-1. II n-.t-l
-' Ithe prin lfpli-u o n l- I-.d-rnlp. i" lu lifitih L-11 .-u fI- ili- riiUf- r-.t a i-t...n..
In llis t tnihrltIXry cth<.,_-il, a[ 3 iiiniu1. --ung -. Ii -i v. r- laii 't l i.- isf-
t teni.al r iin'_lpl uFt nL.a n ,'>l r.llt 1 ]itilt at I r- rin .in i. n .-J-rt
was buIllit (or trfinlrng e,:i.1 .- In a\tait-n. TFl-dan t-ra i:'t ci s,.'.t a Stin
tllinr wn il-t nnt ldrj.J i irrns ununit- f.-r Irainin Sn aI -u n- i- iur or-
fanlatilmn, w+rr;n '-:'.i-'-_t-JInalii In s fianf Lit to d-t.- nn C 'ft-nt arms
out of willing and l11J-i il-. 4t-s. 3 ,-n.ifrie t n. f1'iy of ap.-n li-i r t'if:ri.
qlieo rn i'n o t-In l itlininrlnui ,-, hnlhl yfa it- h.lmoth- Ft--in l. ris otl i -- at-
ren-tiul F'l-'-rin .i. t-i:. J tl 'l m Irti l ni n at a:ir llC|..-...l ft i irmir o l ir
purposr.-, ariJ .i: a" .ah.-i. hy Ij,:l-.i-S.J t- i ii i- 'suistut- gi t i-s .) r..fut
by ihetlr 'uts.'. .
American Zone
h Tla e d' l.lual fi' mi li A'o.l i-at. r it f i' ;-tl.i -.i t rk .:. ii t -Lit t.
front mass t.:, a li- .- ,:l [- i i ltl '-ir!i.i il [ .i-- it'rr S mn|iisnil-
cation arnd l sul ,e l. rt.'nil-In t...i C L i i rt.- t-no % ..] it i-
Britaf h Ar -irel crilt-pi i alt-i sui e.r i. hil't il.'- timhui- ri. (-tu rti iti-'a.I,!
othea-'lie aat o-ir s.ty1i. -. a-,i iii}+ ajdequals i-u-I ta'iii 5k (tin aur jays -i's- ?,
.and ih.;:. we sh.luld hit.,- l bull Ta-- nIra l ca. -ri a t. alia n' n Ir I
behind l Ihe atlt-ve f'Sa:tnt in No0 lhr7n1 Fran.:- rF .i n.iL ai.- C. .r 1
aI ninc of supply, and lirtn .. I.adlng friomn sh' -.utl-en pn.t1 s -i f N i'-.at-f
era I-tranc:e .,:ulJ be unrqual 5o our nr-,-d.u ih-'i muin nw f nuitie-r
Pracn laelly lll war' t a.u ,ut.- -aipply d.-pl'e. Sid n-I v -lin tal M fiti ut itb e
pro-tIded hi j'rt-"i v-nstructlcn_- \it'h Fran--- tft-e--i U3 sii'ls nut-rial as
meii ihai rlo ap fr- afi-r a dr iln f, t Ihrral: .- atsr ouinirt'.s quaitire s[ nft-
ter l t had t.r bt- r,. iuni inI'r .- l iatiansi 0
Wi'tlh sut.h a i-i'l... any..ti tr,' t a..i. ,irl t i -in itr in # -C Sf oll-in-- i I malt-
lig platp i iu ght <-d--tir C'U iii' i ,' *-tti. tllt i1 I ,' t \. to t n-rti -.i ifa -p M in -
OVc -r. br'a'I pli.tit iu...rCiin. i. -jrat- it'.h u...r i-til.n-. S'uiipi'- ff'i U eli-a
kw oul t. ln t.. S li all,-,i. .1 ui iS... Iii- it.ti- t i i n te . T i t i.'
t-ocr n i anir.l pe rn9i 6,s .ijr iillh.i_, i i,-Ii -*u ..il. -- t- a mii. i--i uiii r f E nip -
bu tltli tg horii. i-. nt-..- i i..- ,- i k .-\... r. i. lmtIL S. Inl.- -u i1in u s-
nlecpi~rinsi rg ] rtg-- rrfa...lr,.. ia.r "i-,.il-n.:,r l rail-'ti a ns ftint *ta i.i.F.iu .
All th% e- .ii., ia i ii-, ..]i[ I. .i i-, it.i '.-L .is t ita-- l. i; I n -r-
ato tarudl- and iJpp h TitL- gi_ rt ,l-it-i r*-l:n. -ut-isi t u ii b t y a.-
rnlLLt utlJz-. lhi- .,ttutlh rn p'-nt- ,-C u t Ft i -t 5 s[ N -
zaiJrt. antdi Bin rit-lE n i t:',-ii.j rl Sut tsi ei'a i 'll l ua i t ia]. e i n- I th.i,
tht -re-frons t -o tie r- ...i l 'iii ,j rnt-r.ally T.fa ric. il-- em. fIh a -'fa l-i c -.II nI
plate tlh-o us f ,.u- I.rf ts iRe. lih ngfl is.,- t-rnut-u .. r ni -r In l -il 'Sithu iin,
hint the gr-i l. a riettu- F : r L i- '- n-i .-'p.i. iFi' -ii i '-n r sl ii lI t it-I. in iL
ar-s nl elud:.J d .'. T, ur I-n -u.ruc o iIF a u -ut 61i -r.- nair u.s.
cs 'ield he .dul-p.li-f j ,liS eti- al Ia'. 11i 'a-tu-itr -- fnl t t-c s-i S ie n
llic o c la;rro bI, r..-iftnl. tlnt

roouth of the Servicre c. Sirpplf.
To bruuld up eu-.h it t i-P % nl 0i-tlt.e -uI.i f-i-,l flu-l n rin I -. f F-itir
army bitt wan-r: .i-..l-i1 t .'.tr nt--..- Ift tIt- lt-- aM i ri.. tcis..ld furi-'i.
Thanks Io in tS Ip. eirrl e .lc .i pirl i of our t nps- .ii -... ilet a -. aftS- fift
cI'il life n t. itreln,-d fcr -*:'ry s ri f a-u.is insI t i.-n In Liuiin- ai
managing tn-i oi6 ganizi.l.:'ni rnlut ii a l oa nmtrrd- ,n-i tlam p.-p i .-u.-tt an
army and k-,p it. u reul.l j "d'i't'u curif s "-u n t lh'-L-t.iu ulie-n sni
rpniral l-'.' lpirn'rit jaf oaf plan.- hat.' c lp pt-i -- stir tn- g'''auh of lh-:
for'.-i. andJ iite I -S.I '.'. u( .u-l.'IV nI La d-ti g- f[ .tni ips ani
m.iis I'S.. i'Li tol.- d l.. b'-il..I. IrInaporin r p and il' al in i

As i0 organ i-zi j.-ori. iall i. tiduini.nl --r.I- .'p
the AdJii'tni 'ir,.n,.i fi i In-pt-.iLr L ;n-r. tale, and jt-li- A ti t I- 'Sn-
usal\ LInp'trnlitilui- iusii..h rfliaifi ar tiu a i tl a.i'sii ii-.r F i-t s--m |.nii-
frt-ld t.- tl'i tt -'-.lu' 'iul. i-Sh'-i .r ti .n- l i. i r p~itt ni Tm--un- uriC I
,oorrinia ,lig t; t g .r.I l i..t-.tt .:.nsl ]lt. i i is. .l nun tni i Si t l i mrui .ireiu of
l le mrnilt. I Tn.- >..- 1,tliiIf t l i ul ] t Is- tli -tug- in tittl:n i r.i l i fsi-.- r
Chlt- of 'a rla n'in,... s -i.i S uf Alt t..I '. gi- f'k n i '1 nr l al Xi f art tr -
gIen.ral pus-.h sing a i I o .i I u0tul l,, rn l 1- .i f pu-aS thl. i- a o p a-iii.
and supr ile'aid-t, l F. ri t Lt-- nI p'ta-i a i-iri. t t in. t.-' r1 i ia l- ..) ff-n 'A airt-5 i i1
anerx-fru rn i. the F ...I t I 'i. a at,.;. n ,r. ,Iii p I. i ,., -it.

gtnorralt tir. Din.rr .ii. r 1i-inr fal ..-f Tl in; I--mlu ll:t-m ir ass ihit atfi. I i
matt ht-s. and lhe Oti.- i EnEgIn--:r ISnanll n-.iLi-Ca rr admi-ttn itzn .n-I 'uIpI i.-
aile aubordln r.t r I. u ft as i''i'hrnttrr,.PnB l rp > alt.-i
as ftth.l by .a ff a .e : r-I.p .-t i'- h I it.. i i. i iii pufpti.. i. t lids. -i h fh-
adrilinl dlrall h.: .-.ui.dlnta- ta`ti ll ir.. t- ri. s<-
Theu Irandsp,-orLaion d-1r,% u tuan i arn. li1e1.1- I I -r sm aoff nupr- Slr,"In- lh
operation. ilun rlu1i na .- sri-f ''i .....n ui] Li -th s:-l t if lit- 'a' t- i-r- f
tcrrnrlnalh Ith- i[iitinmighr t ['ill'. -ih '-ri -ti 1 i 1u.-i *i f.u-5- ti L- t'ut1'
huua e- or l, llh-. fI.alft. il tuhi ST r it il. e i- Si' irifiiiAit
rel.tlonel'ilp ft.t nt' a' t'l -r 1 'f., ti.i -u.l f 'i. l 'u C. a lit '.-
Tar..'dlal rt.uli ilh ...t itin a -nT 'I i-'s fl- r in I r, in rf'i i- irf.r
proy.d l m al .rll,\' Lt ).r iiLlii.. i ,i i. t .n l ". at f 1 liii,
und r a shor0 nag. --C, r.,iling ,i.l k in- f fn-rI. a i .u- -i- F i lilr-n ii.5
neverith-.'-I, be n a,' l- Li- i- ib. r i Lo 5a f fhi n t-ii'ft-i. t.-. : -i, fi
Ti- E-nginrt-r I ''i is it ul i ,i ti i I i I 'll id- Lit-n. irr it-ligi Shah'.
raillta s anld road ii ua l p tltiu.. an- ''-flis ii- tt-d t' naP:. pi-i--Ia.l
requJrled the tniol irfi fi.jltril o"f .li i a th -na hanrai at L r.I-ai
and Na 4 -ea anrd lt-'t Ir.h, i,. .'iti i' 1. fa at L I aln .-.ii r and
OG6vris. bO lefdes h ihnfit-u ab : h';,p0lial eani h i r )i t r i-
Frnancn. f,-Tises-- pii)J-,': lia -- all i.s.n urnS-i u:.r r i -i I--- P i1 flat-
'with our niird.u Tht- FK's- -in r it- in..l i [h: Lngsn-.-.[ i:t.e. is- tul
i-tie gir- ti-" pral of l-ut turnbt i 'in-] tulla... ll-+ fT-ia -
To nse.a lh, -Ili.. ,',i iii t u t.IiFF li '[ri --i' s mi i 1st- ii f -hipiint:
the repri- en tl.slt.:a of tl.' .ilfi n, til l 1> I- It i ft i- C-mirt ants if.
st-arch -,f svia la ia nii-.t..r l u. ini- I ini .',i it. 11 -.i i_, 1
ordlnniLe thf-ue- p'rin-lii- l p' n-I *e '.,. i ii u e-r.rt--.l -unii r-
n-ients as r-ntrai pijr-"-tsi1n. t .ri... S j; u.,ui.I -tilt in -a. ip-nl-iiu-
to co-ordln''s- our purrhSi-i.e uri.J if p'.' -i. in-i-i--u .Xlii'" -a spp'i
the prilciple ahiorjf in'- alli-id arnnl-i. XX hlt ih- i'-a- it autbuelty i-sn

Secretary of IVar and Published as an A4ppendi to the Secretary's Annual Report, Made Public This Morning.

t,. c. n. i ,1 ti i. r. f i ip.r rii -r., tir, w:- nfrt b. gr.:LIpl, i rh- r- ,l I-lan ...-.r ia .t.i i rd I. r,I. -I... i M t- t r f, r., Il. rli I, tr rr. ;l: .n h3 Ip-isrnrl ihlr lesions In the
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'-, ,il ,-aptlirHinr, Hinl 2. .1 J.ri.ri:,tiru ._i- j. irI.g i. i tli- punrdrl
-:.f l,-i eiint-... I.. lh.,.- t .-. arim ir.-i. lh- --F--i'i -tin i util ing ih- 'sill-nm
.. [tu I h. 1 M I. -ill. ir-- .1- '-- n-I r l -- J -'. i- F.-url
lttA i'l. r, i l. u . a -i 1 i T i, '' 1U .. i T T r.: n I i hIh. wh,.iT-
th-it- ; 0 u , Si .- I l -.'. 'i. ii.. I -0 5- -I.- ri. -. iii of i-- --
dil, i-1, lt. -h- '-. li t n,.is un t-r -t. 1.1 r. i. I I- n .-b rt L
l.,-ii.i .J :.:ni- ...iu t .
Battle of St r ihiel
Wi'th i-t e raduci- l.in cof their n l f-I. v M.we co-ld .-.k f.--rward it-
tIe r..-riltataii..-n ..f ...Jr .it u lsic-n in '-ur ino n f ..n- In vr:w of the sortm -
..mlTi tg 'pritial 'n .i-|n; l ith? -t Mi.tuti -ill-nt. whli. h'e1 I-"ng beit-i
llrnn-.d a. i oui11 fli l'.i it.--l -n g a-ale. t-e .- ircti. Army was
,ing.unnie.c] Xi ig fti in- I my p r' n il h- n.i WhXitAl r ArtisIni-n urnli
l- hi.'h- i l it-1 -nit l ri.... itI a n l i -nI.. ,I &'il L -,.: -I vv sr al--n id a: % inr funI
I-i- li.t'si rI b.-.t- r- n I-- 1 t- IITi- f-, .i bi ,Ittrt r asn t; .A.rd. Ir InriCt A rse r-
sm-sn --cln I.-' up 'n i. .C lh- Ini---''ian parrt- ti-T e Ancn--an f-f tcc a-ere
mn-i : pi i':-. lii itl u a tn ,i--.r.s -ir-- in' i i-:- attn a t i- i rfia t f--ruin c-f ut-
r..,v t,:, 1.1,I i, It- "%%a_ n4.'- r',' 1.) 1i -% r a p r
lint Ar:..it-sjlr il3 i-n ku-g '. it.- lsp- b-ginning at Pc.ui c ur leslli, ea 'ri
,.f Ira Me.- inrti ti r uing i 11- a-ft flu l :ugh 61 MsN lu. ihen. a nr-itlh
to a ,us.iril upp--:zit, '-rdun. Ps -lat-d under my c..nim.n.l. Th'e Amer-

Other Units With Allies
Other tlisiiionns atti ,.li.tI ,t e ih ahile.J- ainie iwei rIig lh-ir part It
wall. th-.; fonura t i:.f i:ur -.j -'..rpo. <.,,er.tipi-i --f ItI ttuh an-I ?ihIh Lt .i-iioni.
w hich-Vl ri- ad r.i ninir.-..] i ir|i i. .-nu ri. iL-r.s. r i- r -- i- i ..
opI.-raloln twITI. Lh- Xii .i n ,i '.:.riih .i p ii S p int`i [ i-. 1 inr ii atu l
on L.ti: lir. nhiiiu Liit- l- -n e.- 1 -it. n lr i It h ,n r- ilir., h a
tannr l uS1,1i.r C .ri-it- TI- ,in....,lin t i--n r kt iali.n
lin,- of fJ. 6r.n- .. -i s tit- l ;, l'--sS-. -.. li .,
through lht-, ni:lin lin- until F,,-i, 'C- l r nit..sf i. in tht-
midl. of Li- f nil .'z if ir. in-u ii., antI 1! li]i m3.chint eguns th.. oL-r.:r .I:nlan -ni, ta i'.ug i f, -.-r-st-i. :,Ialp t .. -iF In thie
and In lait-r ;' fl.:,h., flt .i u.'- Ii t o 'itt. l. --ai. i J t 1. r-iiur-:d ik.. r
a,01l- pui .nirt- .s i.a ,ltan. ... .. i- ..r liJnrt -u luii- T il S u-Inti ahi- -l
nr ias of t ir..., ,It iuirns i. I-,, b..r lilghd.% proni id 1.,, hi L i lL Ii tkirA CuFl-
manidi r i ihdt-r II n I --t
0 i. t-. ( .r ..,ii *; .j .in, 1 .'.Dj ]l dl on- ,
an In,.i.it 'r.l ,tl '.,. .. Xil. l u- 1.1 i ,-rr it p-'Ittln Ijn IIC inh- ir it- T If
a*n hn:.r i.:i.,-r.:t ll [. i .ti- l., t .' i t. nm-i i ` I-- - lh1..- si fu oi d'
Wsi .-r [u-f-it r .-,.. i ....sin i'-s-, ti-ST -i-f. is- t., e uIf-, .' tu t"lan F-
a eI. thf i u-i -n-id sr I I l-t' r i s!i iiii. i .ie ti u rr I Lt. I.- .1l
ein a l...l hi- i ..Ii;i -,-I -.'.-...,--.J hill ft I in r n I l i i .
T I l -Ilj .i..- ,I - -..l I. . -j.-i ,i -Ir - i ... :'.niL1 i ,.. i,. ].
Ceui. tir. ..' .. 7t iu ri, s.ri-nd i. it t--i.,...c Su i. T n ,i tl
bait I'r. ti I .. fi ..t ii- i l .i.I i p,.-. 111.1--- -'. f r.-- i - s ,i iitaih rn
14 .1 ( in.it u. I 'i i. ,. L' l- -u1 -u --, i-r.n I u i-l...lF I -r i. ,i
ils-l n ..ir t- l .-... I I I I. r r i lj r I ita] ] u- su r -;i J si l ut--ia. IU'p
tihe pursuit t.f ih( trinm.', njw r.n iiithgi b hin- the Aiu A ie.
Me.u.e-Arconne Offensive, Second Phase
Tn- all I pn r..,;--r i-, a.-r- r. h-'. red inc m tff.r-i c fF Our rn i n tnEn
eru.al '..n,. :-i as ir,. U '.nin .u.ir'nd rinn- In rnsi-- n ni.-r first-
ia -- tIs.-.p 1 -.I.p ..r al. P XV.. m a-S 1 1 \V.,i in ,,. l lmo.c
fn. t-.i.o i . r r'. i .,' li' -i .a -:irl .-ra. C-,; i. i a.pii- it-is reiNt.s
i-ru.. plantl. u ai si -lu.i 1' i.- c i --.' i i'i j..' '.r as r i. aa
Ini.: u'--a uit uhf -hi.ill uS f.larils in r 'ir.. C*r. u~s: iS,- i, u r. us.' ...1 iiu'anu '.'
and a ll.r v' f.r. Ih .i.. ir.. i pol, I n. c.p -r. r. i. I.
dl a.t isli. r i s i- n uit. i i n.nlr p\rr- ui. ni ii i-. r ,. 1- ] I -
htl i t; [ I i -t nihir.n Cu-i i i lh it r>l J -it- ,. riit.- 't u i .-; u.sn w -.j
hnr-sA uitiLS btia r ;i1 auiid ste ., I: -eui n- l i- S. - i i i-d ?l
"n-mt. Ian- ti l i -n -'t. v' ai'i .-iru. at- r- [i. i-fi. in, a.. nil.Ii --ut-. sas> ut| n fa or-j
,.s iJ lt- rin;..-. b.i pru--.jis; l ij:..' .:. fiaia 1it-II-, na nyei.iri- - h t b. il, I ur in i
int-r'ri and ha b i uln: his arfller', atl I -i r Ing-. nri ti- t .- f sn-. I
si vI L I.-.-n t l r '-i I .' I. 'ulu t-i' i r n i- r. :i ... n.
t.. i ,. a I .J i l; I- I.. -I' u l .. -.d I.-u7 C.IK I s I si.j .a .-n .
I hId -- I i i : u r -,_r .. ;. C.. I i. a r. I ri[ ..1 .t ..,[ (1 -2 171 ;
'n. (_'. t1 ll-r .alt ''1I. ,r i -r. 1 .. all iIa tin. is-t ..in i
Ill1 u.-c i .-.- rr, I. -i u'k I II-: 1 .. l I [ r . -r r1.. l u.
G -i- a. ii i 't't- a-star' inu tn in i tsr .in titnnt- I l.. nI I i.
t i .' l --S Sri i i -r i c i. a '- u ii s '

ai u.--- h-ti p ] ii i' Hti- iii tur 1iti >:s.inip" 'il i-al "i.Lt---'- ii;,. --mae- run'
ICi t tn-.L .ji' u i n.. ,, . l.. i.- i tL..Ir. C i, I, .t u I i i
...Ip z- n.I Vunr X's r..:ti- t1 -. t..r- i' 'I.n.:rp-, in Il- h r...i. p Ih
A ir-- Tl-rlI ...' Il r] i ii [l .- ... Cirl i Sift -i. S IgaIn 'l .II.;, a c -.-n.rIl i ss w'.' i.t' oh- I-t t Si laius and Cu I .n ihe
,arohl- ,. ,{.,rit .11 I ,- r ...Ii .t I .In (I -ar']II . .e _r

fli., n'. i ..f IlI riu 1i.-' .i _, :. -. -,r 'i n 'r-l u in-; r.- n tr
r it -i' i.,l V . I '. I- .i C "ih 1l i-7n1 S .*l .i..,i 5i;.i sS .,n
str'-i i r - u,.l. .|t 1. -. -1 u i r.i I--n Inad I. i in \ t f L.. i t I. --

a If.I it .-.. r II. IIIn w i. n ._ .I i- n i. rl II-i n. li ullu i n I ii. I. 1
ngaI-. ,l.1,1F w,, r-,,rlIIor,. r,,n.,,I

a I, ll-- uit1 m ."1' tI Sr '* r- F S -i l i n l .in i .;.s i l it 1 : I P.rr hu.- n 5,
an t ri- 1., . r h r.lr .- n ru- i l nh r ] in . a n
I ',n ',..lhtCI. I Illir.l,,- I-I 11-'1"

urb,, 1., 'iC i.-s I rh ri,' i l l, Ini, 1. I -s-lu u- ...r tn p

a .1- -. i I').-, lit.-.i pi T . -i I f u i. u s li i p .. I I n I
h i l- th i l' l l.- '".,J I -, rF I i -n I u -i G t In P
r i I., I Iirot I Z.'.t, 1.. 11 t..,1, r,.--1,.I tllo
al',% ,. , asgled t i .1-i r i,,1, ,,[. m, c naj .. ir.in rre

Thir'e are in Euro-p. allng.tlhar. Including a reglni'rt anI sc-rs sanS-
tary urdl. au ilth th. ItaJi n .Arit'y and r iti .rgarIzaJ-n: r at IN itnianik
al--, I- la.jing lt:.- : -n r-.ul.t- fr..rni u h- SLat-.-. appi liriat l i.i:
rni-n. I.- s .ur i:.----. z i n. hOl- tal il re at it Fran.- I 3ii n.i, timi-
tat-fiit p F...y .li|.u ns Sa. arn-is-U. in!:.f ..h th- infantry per.
a-, rIt itL ri,', .'.l. h--Ir t a',l q-- .n-- f-ii a-u if -.ic tll t'uf'Is:s n-
u. rt. l .i-- I l i L e li t -h L .- ai LI-.-l r l.lri- i i .i[. i i. ..a
i t1 l I I - .i'- Ic-. Xiih .. I r. rn' i. -ip- hi s l
Thl i ..-:i- t.. .1"n I to Nl... 1 ,r- K ll-n andl r uun.1d.
a',l -. -.11. .-- .1.. i SI 11 .Jr3 hinn llt st'i. l II I l. 1 ..-.
l.r, ...r .i- I .-s inl-i r.i,. S.1i': \ % i : u stiur-- ar--alt I it.i 1 pri ..n .r i
AI1'. 41 1.i. i ,i htl luui :i uni- t nr.r li u, ri ar.
Comm nendation
Tri.r lutl-.- o"f -the ineral t afr a' tx-Il U--us -' -' i- f Uo army and corpii
i.ff-. lia'.x bi:-n i-r) stbly pi-. -L.rI-..I hnn. n ve
tr-.ih-lr thIf n-.w anr.d dlff.l ulhi r.:.l-.m ih voh lc t een con-
fr.--hi-,Ji. This l--:,diy o f o[fhi-i.r. boili 2.51 lrld. litiale- a l-Ias an *:rg-aIjzaLone.
t -.i'. I it-..-i'. t, r' et, uperil- In prr -itz-i;.ij al ability. i itfiliv ir- or In
lo) altj
N.:.- iir.g that swe ha,'e in Frann'a b-ll-i rn ffI-Ci lthe tflt'ljn,-y and de-
*-a.ll--it l-l *Jiu' f Ini-rl. -i na Sifn C1 rgnu. It-aisit S % s 1 t s ': f s p l. a -,i
r,' r : .'-si i I l l- ih ',, 'li[ Ini lt.il- Itll. ,, j u P LI .I hin- Il.:. a., ll f lll d l..
Ti it a h. t.. i l lii Ilsll a ,pr-1.laL'-4 th i r -1 e Eijibl i li>, l cdlt of
tl,. urn-i,'. ailt-i Ih. r ..:ulL it *ii.. i i..C it-a dlrutf, in
'_i-s, 1 M--.i .: I -'.i- I- p. :ialI:, e titIlrc I .-. -prat- ln if,- gi- 'ral ff-
r-i -i -n---t -- I' I,. ,-nirk, bolh In hueplral and rit lh fr-'-;n rnurai ina g n-tn
u-f Jt-n pr.:i f --.l:.riitl ai slhirirnl. arni -ipl : SIii .l :n .- U..ti L i- r il-
Ing an.1d ufinis.iLe; if.li ih n tiir l[.. inSa dhparnina-ni lia ad-- a nu- t record
it-r D li- il t 11as. a HIu fi. .:l-r .
Ts": l iurf-:rriinn iEti S ill nit-ii has haul --ffiIultsi and ar-ious laiA bui
It h-i- rf i,'- trial l i,:.t l i l'ti t .ni ir''iS Lhth tat. L-n' I mcbi. fit.Sn it. iI F man-
&at-f..h-.u u.i.r1 It. r.-ri..nial h iatie Li_.- n at-- ap ai'r eiliiu and e-y.
CS f-. f, tli,. .ni.ni tnr- -iathl .l.ji
A- intI iri.-f- S.- fufinlr Al n l---a. ist.- nbi- pI -ra-n i.nl '.if that Ordn.i.nce
-t- trinr'ni I-. I t.in. -'- h i, -tl-I il-iJl u l SI t.- t il r-. h- I. pri cur- .
nfl- i-tit iii t .,i a alu .li l i rt... inuih,. s- ii th-- ,i- n ..iri The
.,lfi,..-r r..,It- i -.s r.,J i I .. gI|la v. ,.... i i .I f .- i na r.it I a I s 1 . I. r I.:.r iI-id
11.-i u ll-' i. Ith I .-i i-Ll-s .- nl a -i it I ei i an.n .: ... I n.i li I i i anI
..lir i..r. .lrl ._. h 11 i, i l --s l...- n M uri.. h ii. r S 1 i-- [if -
tVhil-. t-- l.lS ... i ... I .rpr, e- r i-. --. n -S tr---uI r f IhI h -- ui--r S i t i ri l- r f ihl -
rI.I'r. ii rsr,..ui i .- uit il.-r I -l.i IL Ii t t'--.tr-,i Illi t i-- i- : i t' -'Iui i: li si.- n anti
S 1hi li r.r.i.fnit i.:- .il -kill. a.irl i-rt' r i rn- il I 1 -u flIuIn I ta chnii-I r l.cli h high
prun-s.l'l.l-i.; l. L h-t T h.' 1-1. .- -> in ; n. Iin ilu -1
'ur ,iSn1--ti hf.i ... i-i al- i Sattrg n n'Cin f tin i. ii' al] f have
I,'C *u. u ...rrd i:-c ..'r.ic-tuAui. r r ti-- in t r .i.. il r pill r -n-in rill age In
t-'.- fr,ih'Il- ..ui C n.a \\'X.ilih- ih, Ttai, 0.r- .ia- .ad linSo -I op sr-
tiinl'l.?-, ll.- p..:r .-.,.nir l hi.3 r. p.' n.i. 1 .Jn;.no : c-i p c-b r ^ hoi
in, ir La n run-If h,.. p Illmattut s t. .s fIis I cut o n.
tars i i m'',' n ---i-rag-' .t is.- hiprg --ir.J-r.
T i- A.,liIi n- I.;. I 'iIl s --I-- ni. r.i i- h-. -I .,ilrrt-r 1 ii> ha a itnemailc
it nN1..' -r 1 l- .i ir.1 -in'- wa ri r- ti.t..-u ri-:u t .or ir kind.
fl.. 1-p- i rn.-isi. i.- i-. i l it- I -t uai-lr--. -i-nd
Tf .'.-'.sl.- i, ..1;...hih.l ...l_" i .h-.i _, .i t i i n. uS- m I n- ns us lr-h
t, il. ri f,-. l'if .niE. l l.a rr-ihiil .at lu l-e I.- puis r i.-ti, manyt
I.. rs i s rri- *I n n t -i 1 a l..I.nt i- oIrl rlf'-rn,--ifts- t if lru.-..r( j trmE
it t.L.l.1 in" ini...l--bLf in ir l-u ii-.Cf rlrl ij r n p-ri iI do- Ju-ice to
l-. I..r.r ...hn.-l f.f .i t li,-: 'if i. Sil t biai r..-t- his organlzaion, whlch I
.h1 -ll in -if- il in a ii- rrp'ert
T e-, na'.;- In i.iriu-n ,-ira Ilt.'r i- hsi at -il sum- -z most. c-.r.iall' aldld thi-
1inc.,. an-, It I zr .iLtL rC Lif.ln;g to report hf- iL-fr. h'a n-t-r before been
cu-:t pr t i-:L- .t. .:---lperatlun b.ta .t-nr r ie- 1. hr |, li-., .f llth -ur. i-i -
A I,-.. Ih- Am-i t'-fii In Lur.ir,- IL.t IiI Th nilllt ri- --r <-. It is the
grt-ar.:-lt .nlaeur f-e .-'% trm t. bltbh In 'il-(:C l arid In F-1Ltat lfl. ir]-y are
Ir.tl.,-ly p-iirsl]i',: ai.-] I:. l, niid li b--n ntariabl 3 '.1 nipaiL-tC and
|."l!.fi'rl i,_ h --n m
]- iuull I pr. lh-' thi-p.tmat trilbut- t n-u r til.u and a-i-li-r. m of the
hnl. -l i..n I 'Ihinl- f il ir i i..i -i t.I 0 --- sn i l .. p the. i ri..- i l-i. ip ir
h l .-irit ._ i r.iu i t .."-f [[.1-un. u- I. I -i fill-S.. a 'I .t -n-u'fi-in ir ch I ar
..hurl- I.:. ,..iw i' -. Tl--ir d--.l: ii ini. n.i. an-i f .' it i t h ifr
* r. l ri j l I=.. ,i l u i 1: f .l r *.? n i-
ni i n iM I i.- *i:, I- i1_' ia'f ,., i. h : i_ .ii i.q B
T. u I ui-. Wna[ .r iii itl. .it tu -\ s.l, an F .
TS.'*l- bn^-c'riaC3 at X anu.r


~_ _~___

-- j- ~--------------------=r----~----;------

Illlll~f _


"All the News That's

Fit to Print."

VOL. LXVIII...NO. 22,230.






CABLE COMPANY ,,,, AlliM Permit the D tchI
cCABLE GdPAtoY rImIot ndertLi ,en IO GNt



Charles E. Hughes, for Commer-
cial, Asserts Burleson's

Act Was'Illegal.


Congress, Says Complaint, Only
Bestowed Them on Presi-
dent During the War.


Burlesoh Names George G. Ward as
z' Head, but Latter Refuses to
Ss. u "be a Party to It."

SA:sult in equity to prevent Albetr S.
Burleson, as Postmls'ter- General of the,
S Tnited'State5.. from retaining, operating,
and. malgamating the cable lines of the
..Commnerclal Cable Coinpaby wais begun
-. yesterday when a bill of complaint, pre-
pared by Charles ..- Hughes, as chief
S counsel 'of thd cable conmpany,.was filed
S:,,,.- ;in 'the'.ited States District Cou't for
S : the ." Southeern, District of New., Yobri,
I i Pending a 'Jeciiona on the ew.nQ,1etialQn
S hi constitu'tonal law .which the"'ni1

Jutlon,.,'or retainingg, .order, etjdoihlng
We G & oeriie ,.frbnM tuih.i j :
the Cab. p0oderd.s untl..'dlti
the caEe is ob .t e d/ " ", '
With the whofe. question -of .'G~vern-
ment or p private ownership of public
utilities depending in great miasunre
ipuin, the outcome' of the' aeflcn, the
mat' nontention set forth 'in the com-
-, plaint is that the seizure of [he cables
was without empowering autl irity. In
S this connection he asserted that after
the ia-mieticee was signed the joint reao-
lution, by virtue o'f which the Postmas-
.ter.' General. eeized the lies a' a war
measure, was inoperativ.? except to wind
1 1up matters already in the hands of the
Government prior to the signing, of the
armistice. The complaints also att.ekss
the control of the cables a ea prelilml-
tiary step toward Government owner-
Ohip. In the complaint Mr. HugheA
saye: .
The Commercial Cable Company, q
citizen and resident of the- City. County,
apd State of New Tork,. brings, this, Its
bill of complaint, against' Albert S Bur-
leson, a citizen of the State of Texas
and a resident of the District of Colum-
bia. 'And thereupon your orator com-
plains and says. .
That during all the times hernihafter
mentioned It has been and still is a cor-
poration duly orgaNizeoi under th. laws
of the State of N principal place of bu-inss' in the Olty of
New York. In the Southern District of
New York, and Is a resident therein.
and is engaged among other things In
the ownership. maintenance.. and opera-
tion ,of a system of submarine cables in
the Atlantic Ocean, extendtng from the
U.fited States of Arn.ilca to Canada,
Newfoundland, Azores islands, United
Kingdom, and France.
"That for over thirty years last paqt
your orator has been and still Is operat-
ing its -ystem of submarines -ables Int
the Atlantic OcEan In the transmission
of cablcgTrarms. and that the same con-
stilutes Injeristate and international com-
Tnerc.e, and Your orator further says
that It i6.s16 transmits rrnea.ages for the
Government of the Utnited States at one-
half of the regular public ratm. therefore,
although under no legal obligation so to
do, thil. being the practtlce rid custom In
the operation c. cabl-s generally.
Congress Gave Power.
"That on or about the 16th day of
July, 191i. the Congrese. of the I'nited
States by joint resoluion of the Sernate
and House of RepresentitLics passed a
resolution auth-orizirg and empowering
the President during the cc.nLluar ce of
the present war whenever he should
deem it u:cessary for the national Ee-
curity or dfens~ to superriE .se or iaike
pocs-i's ion and assume control of tele-
graphl. telephone. marine cable or radio
system or systems or any part 'thereof
and operate the same for the duration
of the war. but not beyond the date of
the proclamation by the President of
the United States of the exchange of
ratifications of the treaty of peace.
That a topy of the aforesaid joint reso-
lution of the Congress is attached here-
to and made a part hereof and marked
Exhibit A.'
That on or about the 11th day of
Nov.. 1915. an armistice was signed
suspending hostilities of the present war
and thereupon immediately the duration
of the war ceased within the letter, pur-
pose and spirit or said Joint resolution.
so far as said joint resolution purported
to authorize the taking on ppossesslon
and control of the systems tinercin de--
scribed. That on No.v. 11. 1918, the
President officially aireised the two
houses of. the f rlngreas i1 joint esslon,
and formally Ind offclriiliy ancunc.ud
the terminatlor of the war. Tnit in
Contllnued on Psage Elesen.
*penatie hoUllday at THEi GRiBENBlRIIB,
MWA1ti alaUgluf Bcreinall. sWet Viralnia.-AdL

WASHINGTON, Dec. 4.-Conela-
a solnof a trade arrangement be-
tween Holland and the associated
Governments whereby Holland would
be allowed to import commodities un-
der license was announced today by
the War Trade Board.
Stipulation Is made that only Dutch
Ebips nimay be used, that aJ! shipments
must be consigned to tne Nether-
lands overseas "trust.' and that ex-
porters must obtain from prospective
Importers advice that an'Import cer-
tificate has been Issued by the Neth-
erlands trust to cover the proposed
There .was no Information as to
what commodities Holland might ob-
tain, but 'It was assuinted that food-
stuffs and manufactured products
aahd raw materials not on thJ re-
stricted export Hat would be per-
Much of Holland's ocean tonnage,
eajd to have'been tied up in Dutqh
ports because of the submarine men-
ace, would now be released for over-
seas trade.



5,070 Arrive on Two British
Ships-Lapland Delayed

by Heavy. Storms. .


'. ,

Two more 'British stearmships arrived
Iri portyesterday from Liverpool,'bring-
Ing. a total of f0,070 officers and .men
who were'cliefly from aviatlfi'traini it
*:alnps .in England. There' -was one
death on each 've-ssel from pnetimonI,'"
following Spanish influenza, i but the
general health of the soldiers was gpod.
The ships were delayed thirty-six hours
by rough weather.
The first to. arrive was the Wyhlte Star
liner. Lapland, with 2,030 officers and
men and some casuals. She had just
got to the head of Pier 60. North River.
when the transport George Washington
pulled out from'uPier 4 on the opposite
shore with President Wilson on board.
When the Eoldiers on deck heard the
salutes from the five destroyers in the
river they cheered enthusiasticallyy for
the Presldent, and the band played the
national anthem. Although It was the
second transport to arrive with troops'
returning to be mustered out, the men'
were welcomed just as heartily as those '
ho got In Mnday on thine by Gauretana.
Thleny er Secr etary to rantine by Grove
conveyed greEtings on behalf of the
city. All the way tip the harbor the
palsslng craft saluted the soldiers cheer-
Ily and noisily
Later, when Acting' Police Commis-
sioner John A. Leach was Introduced to
them. he asked if there anything h.
could do 'to mak, them happy in New
York. the soldiers yelled, You b-:,t
there I., tell th.'m to Open up the town
and let us have- .some good beer' Thelii
the fireboat. Thornma- Wlllett and
George B. McC.-lakn came up and
escorted the Lapland to the Sattery,
throwing column? of vater 12' feet up
Into the air on either side of the bow
of the transport. OG-orge B M'.Clel-
lan, former Mayor, who has been serv-
ing In France with the Ordnance De-
partment, was on board.
Cheered by Wairing Thousands.
Tlhe soldiers cheered the Statue of
Liberty and v.ere cheered themselves by
the, thousands waiting on the Battery
seawall to welcome the soldiers and
speed the President on his way to
France. At the pier there were more
than 100 American RRed Cro-sz workers
talking with ste hming cans of hot cof-
fee, sandwhi:hes, and cakes. They had
also a band to play popular airs during
the debarkation.
Two hundred of the soldiers had been
on the transport TuEcarila when she was
sunk off the Irish Coast last Winter
Although there was no danger from
submarines, the Lapland still had her
ports and 'deck windows painted over
to keep out the light, and did not send
out any wireless to say where she was.
On Sunday, Nov 24, one day out from
Liverpool, Lieutenant James -.Mcllwee of
Denver, Col.. died from pneumonia. He
was 36 years old and was a construc-
tion englrneer. All the men had to wear
gauze masks below decks to stop the
spread of the Influenza, and twelve
Light cases -ware In the ship's hospital
when she arrived at the pier. There
were several wounded American avia-
tors on board who had distinguished
themselves at the western front by fly-
ing low and Epritying the enemy In the
trenches with m.-hine gun Among
th..e ware Ileu enanrt 4.'ln'riue. lle'r-
.Ill of Newnrk, '. j u wiz In tle fight at
('entinaed on I'gae Four.
Reanitmber- IX 1i 1 B LNS N8 a & littls
bhot watsr-quckie relle.-A n.



Village Officials Are Sullen, but
All Promise to Help Ameri-

cans to Keep Order.


Entente Will Not Make P as
with a Bolshevist Govern-
ment, He Asserts.


Economic Conditions Everywhere
Are Found to be Far Bptter
Than Was Supposed.

Copyrigbth, HIilB, by The Wiew.Tork Times Compeayli
Special able to THB Ni'w YORK TiXME.'.
TrgE\ES,"-Ge .any Dec, 3.-The'
adH'ance',of'the American Army ,f,'
Occupation into- Rhenish Prus.ia .con-
Unued tdaWiy.
Everywhere. economic. conditlqnisgre
-being found far,'.etter than Wfas p0 1
po- ed.' .a ..'.' .- :..' w. .

wel aN li the .tliW g 8Uikwg ^

beatity. t .The touch olf i itnime ,,
been brought fit in il gjlo ..' ,
tdre tiul.y smiles 'ipn it andglvies"
h' Germans heeieabouts dwelib'1i o
.places' as untouched by 'the ravaged1
'f war as the spirit 'of the Germani- ;
who walk the streets ftbl city' .'.,
I, have' just, com'ei' rom a ,t'rlp:t
Saarburg, a little city in the foothills
at the southern enrd of the. Hoohwad'
fringe of the Ardennes. As 1 looked
at the lovely vinteyards that covered'
.he hillsides, I recalldd.the barren e,nd
ravaged hillside of the. righ-t bank
of the Meuse, north of Verdun. Th. '
sight of spick and span Saarburg'r"e-,
called the ruins of Grand. Prd. For
every village in such excellent condi-
tlon I thought of' some tearful ruin
in France. When,I reached Treve;
in all its magnificence there carn
back the tmenmory of Rheims. Seeit
the self-satisfaction of the Germar
one can but think they have i.
learned of these things.
Land Untouched by War.
The German wernt unbidden al
unprovoked into Northern France aj
destroyed its beauty spots, while -t
beauties of his own country r
malned untouched and his ILfe wah o
derly and hil stomach was not .emr
and his wife and children had a r i
over their head's.
American commanders are plea',
Fifth the manner lu which they h .
lieeh able to take control of the cl-
affairsa in Germin towns and village
Everywhere we ure received with as
len acquiescence, but the authority'
everywhere promise every assistant
in maintaining order. The popu.
tion have been warned by4 author.
to start no trouble. Here is part
the proclhmnatlon of General von ,
.. The Entente is determined not
make peace with a Bolshevist
ernment. If quiet and order cani
obtain In Germany it'will enter H
Fatherland with troops and will
store order by foice.
Comrades, through years of r
sistence, you have held thie ene
away from our homes and have sa
fronri the terrors of war your w'
and children. You inow war and
marks it leaves behind. Who de
that now at the last moment our
precious, our most priceless Fa
land should be destroyed?
should bring about order, th
o4 we who -have fought for i
Pershing's Firm PeaU
General Pershing's procl
the German population t
the Americans have no
war against civilians
civilians behave there
preasBlve restricUoDns.
however, .that, ml:
dealt with firmly a
The people of 'I
greatly relieved to
would not have to fe.
Army, They hak.blbee
pression, and when t
Continued on Pa'
Unt MeK, & R. OLN'-1T-I



to 1,

of L



~t~e ~Na

'E NEW Y1 '




Continued from Puge I, Column" I.

such address the President, after stat-
ing the terms of the armistice, said:
The war thus comes to an end, for,
having accepted these terms of armi-
stice, it will b'- impossible for the
Ge('man c-..rn&mainai to renew it.
That tdie -s.f-rdant is, and during
all the times aheieinliter mentioned has
been Po-'tmaster' Ge,;,ral of the United
States. That on or about the 16th day
of No.'emb. r, 1151. the defendant, as-
suming to act as Postmaster General,
announ-,ed informally through the public
press that tnre had taken poisee.sion and
assumed control of all marine cable
system or eyratema owned or operated
by an,' ind all Amenrican c-)roraupona,
including not only your orator's cables
hereinbefore, specified. but also including
the cable of thie Comrmercial Pacific
Cable'Compauny .from San Francisco to'
China. Japan, and the Philippine
Ila.ds, and al-o including the two
cable of the Central ,nd South Amer-
lan Telegraph Company from New
Y.,irk City to, and through the isthmua
of Panarna and thence down lhe west-
ern-, ca.ast of South America and across
tre mountains to the Argentine Repub-
lic, &nd including also six British owned
cabl leaked to the Western Union
Telegraph Company. and two Amcrican
owned cables leaked to that company,
and inclu-ling aleo cables from the
United States to u'tuba and from the
United S tets to Me:xi'o
That his action was based on a
proclamation of tho' Presli-ent oi" the
initefd Stat.-.s dat.-.. No.: "2, 1919. ttie
actual date, of exetlton b-eing unlinown
to your orator. but :,'oir orator allege-s
up.-n il.f.:.rrnm.[on and b.i'.ef that it was
subsequent to Nov. 11, 1941,) a copy of
wyl.:l' is rittachcd hereto and made a
part here.-,f ahn marked EDhlblt B.'
That on or about the- ith clay of No-
vember defenl.ant l 'ed an order, with-
out date, astumlnng to take control of
vsaid cable y,':tem, a 'opy ,of which Is
attached hereto nsrd is mnde a part
hereof and is niarked Exhibit C.'
Snas II Is. Unconstitutional.
That the defendant claims to have
taken rposae-zlorn and acsunied control of
yoir orator s afcr-'r ld cable -system and
to be'. nov operating lrth-i canie, and
claims to b-e entitled to the Income of
Iour orator'. rFil- <,:nb.- .cstem. which
a more than $10.000 a la.v.
That the s-l.J s-alaburt-, cr attempted
xelzule of y.,ur c.rato.r'. said carle -'ys-
tem Is un.-:.natlitujl.:.nal, unauthorized,
tltra \v-Ir, ill.al andl void. for the rea-
scns that h the war wlitrin ine meaning of
cal'J reso..iir._n had t.-rmlnate.i prior to
the tin-.. or said secure cnd the alleged
auh'ri.atilon ther-.:of; that th" Congress
bud ito po-. vr ,:.i authority under th'e
Cons.titutilo ti uth-rlz- thre taking pos-
seli.n and control and operatio-i of said
cabI- S ,tnim under the circumstances'
a xizting at the time of .aid .sel&ire, and]
that said seizure wai not reasonably
Tie._c.:acry for trsej nattnal security or
detns. and that said .,i-zure deptived
your orator of Its prop.-rty without due
process of law: and that said seizure
tok ;.'ur oiator's private property for
pu.-lic tise without just compensation to
your orartor, and that said sizuir was
an unresoiable .and arhl,.rary soiztire;
and that said seizure ,' :6 noat 'for public
uj-e. and t ia.t deti. rlant is not an In.-
partial tribunal to determine, your ora-
to-r s c.nmr-ar .. rh..n for the use c-f cald
nLrinte t talen3a, and tithat pica.tpr and
legal p,..:i, lo' n lit not teen made r:ar
tee payrn:enr. t. -.:.ur oi.ato) of .Said com-
pensation. not e, en fo'r th.: keplrng b,
your orator c-s the regular profits of lis
own property : and final, that the
purpose plin. and effect .-,f lId seizJur.
to unite, consolidate, and "unify y.ur
orator's said cable t.'stem with that of
:'our orator's tcolpeLitOr, Ltsn Western
ITnIon Telegraph Cornpanc. Is in violia-
tion of toe Anti-Trust act of Congress
-i ,July 2. 19). b.'tihi ;n its immerdlat etf-
feet in disorganizing your orator's or-
Canrlzation. plant, and equipment. so as
to disqualif' yonr orator from taking up
,ind resuming such competition, when
naid cable system -is returned to your
orator on the ilegilng of a treaty of
'the prot.Ianmaton theeof.
e recent warl referrn o
utnh.e. it haVIn ted be-
youd possibility '.f renewal n'v. 11
MO.l,. by an armistice. That Eaid procla-
S n nation dated Nov. 2. 1918. did not be-
N. c.--ine a proclarnatlonr and was not pro-
c:laimed or announced, silgred, counter-
SIgned. made public or effective until
Sfriter Nov. 11. 1918. namely,. about Nov,
ii 1918. and that no seizure or posses-
'.lon of said cables was attempted.
claimed, or made until on or about Nov.
}3. 1918.
That It is not necessary for the na-
tional sec.urlty or defence that your
riator's syste-m nf marine cables shall
b-. seized, or taken p.s"s-a i,,n of. or as-
surned. control of by th, defendant or
nto on ,:le. That the national secur-
I;y of e.fct', e will not be furtherr-d In
th c lighi.,-r diegre, b' defen.lant taking
p-.s9.se.ssion and as3urting cr.ntrol -1f your
orator a marine cable That the na-
f. .nal sect u.its or dedt n.-.e ,vas fuily at-
tinri.ne] by the ignlng c.f sais l arrn;.itl,-,
sl'l ',y the -l, ,ontirnuan-,- .:. ho-tilllties
tinder th.- aid pres lt v ur. That a
full. nir.quat,--. cornpl.:t,-. q. I.-. rand c r-
ire cable service ,ha' be :n luring the
p- 1i.:'-I of the var and -i11 is being
ti-" n h.. ,y,-our ort.-r on It..-t .. It-t.s-m
- the IA--s i-nlem--it -l' the I U'q't IStates
..-Il h'.,t all .-.- err- i ri t n ,s ag O t r.,
pF.,-n prcrr-dene.: c-.. r all nth.er mr' .-
- _'e-. und .hat tlier'e has be.:n no como-
;- ,lant or -.,:asi n n efor ro ipl dirt on th',
I art c.f the Jo.;',:rnnment 11 r- gerd to th-
lulk.-k and a-ccurate tran-,mission of It.
r-iess-aE.gP and that yvour orator'd cable-s
are work d and c-p.:rated to their utmost
s.pacity by a mrnst -'omp.-tert staff of
,,fflcer arid cable onp-rator.' and that
-ald serv.ie cou not. be Increased or


Of the contents of the old Eng-
lish Manor-house Cheverells,
Chcverells Green, Hertford-
shire, England, on Decem-
ber 6th, 7th and 9th.

Interesting Antique -Furniture,
including important Chip-
pendale, Manwaring, Sher-
aton, Heppelwhite and Adam
pieces; rare Silver, Antique
Rugs., Waterford Glass, old
h'lina, Laces and Enibroid-
eries, Brasses, etc.

Owing to the war it has be-
come necessary for the pri-
vate owner who brought all
these articles from his home
in England to this country to
dispose of them at unre-
stricted public sale on De-
comber 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th
and 14th at 2:45 P. M.

A fully illustrated catalogue,
describing the articles and
indicating their origin, will
be mailed upon receipt of $1.


Clarke's Rooms, 5 W. 44th St.
(opposite Sherry's),
New York City.

On view: The n-,apr.iflcent [rnjr-
pO.st Cn-t-v ll t,,.. ri sigi.3,1
u.nd mid.. L':, .ir.,-n.Jaie
w hi.;'-I M r. N ,rl [ r.ui. d .1.--
t.*:ri .. :, i f]t, rl, ,J].l,-. I iLi. an
'le.l "=*d r.tL'.1. t' i.. f tiiou.
4.' nrel1 E',d. '

bettered, and that the operation of said
t.able lines by or under the control of
the defendant would be less efficient
arid satisfactory not only to the Govern-
ment In the transmission of its cable-
grams. but to the public in the tran'-
mlimslon of public rmnssages g.-n'.rally
and that the seizure of said cables on
the ground that they were or are ne.cea-
sary for the national security or defense
was and Is a mere pretext without sub-
stance or basis of fact whatsoever.
Government In -Control.
That ever since the United States
entered the present war the American
enda of said marine cables of your
curator nave been and still are under the
absolute control of the officials of the
Unried States Government, and paruc-
ularly the control of the Dii ecror of
Naval Cornmunicati.:.ns, and that nothb,
Ing has been done by your orator rela-"
tive to the operation of said cable lines
without the knowledge and approval of
said Director of Naval Communications.
That every request and even suggestion
ma.e at any time by said Director of
Naval Communications of his represer-
tatives, who was stationed and estab-
lisn:d In your orator'z cable offl.'e in
New York City, hsas een promptly com-
piled with and carried out In evcry par-
ticular. That a most rigid censorship
was -tabilihed by the Linlted States
Government over your orators cables,
anu that tour orator has heartily co-
operated in said censErship. Tnat all
the dimands and even requests of the
Government on your orator in behalf of
thd national s .curity and defense have
been promptly, fully, and cheerfully
compiled with by your orator, notably a
r'que-t on Oct. 29. 191S. by the State
Department of the Government at Wash-
ington that your orator place at the dis-
poeal of that departmentt and the Presi-
drt a special cable across th-e Atlantic
so that ther- might be instantaneous
communication between the Government
at W'ashingto and its American tepre-
sentatmies at Paris. That thereupon
your oratrr promptly set a' de one of
Its transatlantic cables ifor that purpr.se
arind furnished a through circuit from
Vi'-hington to Paris which has v- wr
lirn.e b.rn at the diipoal of the State
Department of the Government.
That the trar.nmilsion of cablegrams
for the next few month between .\mer-
l,:a and France did not and do-e.s not
1ii ESEitait, or justify the seizing of the
f10,.00 miles of cable from San Fran-
cisco to China. Japan, and the Philip-
pin.- i fa.l has been done[: nor the seiz-
ing of two cables from N.w Y.:.rl to
Panamna, then,'-. do.vn tie meet coa. it of
South A1meti,'a, th-.-nce over the moun-
tains to the Argerntine Republic (as has
been idonel; nor the seizing of cables to
Cuba and Mexico 'as has been done;
nor the seizing of thirteen cables 6aero's
the Atlantic (as has been done. That
all or said thirteen cables have been and
are devoted first to the transmission of
G.)vernmenrt mneseages, relative to peace
negotiations or any other Government
business, and then press me-sages and
commercial messages; that the seizing
of said thirteen cables by the Govern-
ment does not facilitate or better In the
Elightejit degree the transmission of
Government peace messages or any
other messages, and has not except in
one Instance for a short time when the
influenza raged which, however, did not
affect the service on Government mes-
sages. said cables being already worked
to their utmost capacity by most expert
operators and staff, and that both
cable companies, having cables in the
Atlantic Ocean, have been and are
working their cables firet for the G.:.v-
ernmenIt ks fully and efficiently as they.
p.:.ssibly could be Aorke-d, if actually
owned and operated by the Government
Itself for Gov:rne-ntal purposes. That
one of said thirteen cables has hereto-
fore been set aside by your orator for
the u;e of the Government, as herein-
before all-eged, and others would have
been so set aside also 'If any request so
to do had beer, made. That your orator
was not consulted as to the necessity or
even adviabillity of said seizure of said
cables, although your orator could have
ten more competent expert advice on
that subject than anyone else conversant
with cable affair.
Government Ownership.
That paid joint resolution of Con-
gress and all acts of defendant there-
under are unconstitutional, Illegal and
void, In that the compensation there
provided fo? Is ot to be determined by
an impartial jury or commission, but
under the authority given to the Presi-
dent Is Intended to be, ajd will be,
"T3T -"ff-T terrc upon the Presi-
dent under said resolution is exercised
and %llI be exercised through, the de-
ifendant. That In the cage ,f the Postal
T,-ilegraph-Coble Cbmpany the system of
which was heretofore seized under said
le olution. the fixing of the compensa-
tion therefore was Committed to the de-
fendant; that the determination of your
orator's compensation wil Ithus be Iltt
to tie arbitrary caprice and prejudiced
mind of defendant, who sla interested
personally and officials, In giving a unfair
and unreasonably lonw, Isufficlet ad in-
adequate compensation to your orator,
because the I.-;ss he glees your orator
tne more he Ickeps for the Government
to its- profit at your orator's expense and
to the p'erc,.nal renown of defendant.
That for many years laEt past the d.e-
feidant as Postmaster-General has ad-
'o.:at.: Governm.-nt ownership of tele--
graprs and cables andJ tLat defendant is
nu.t an Impartial tribunal to determine
the compensation, operation, competition
and policy of complainant in regard to
ts., eald system of marine cables.
That your orator's right to appl.-Al
to the Court of Claims is ar. illu-,ry
ritgt. In that no.provision has b-ern
ina.i rnor paying- any judgment that
.Q'or orator may obtain iil that court.
That no adequate or sa., fuln. hae b-en
PIro". id.1d frc'in akhlicn your or-it nr mni.y ait
O.me future time be compensa'te- f-..r
the seizure nnd use of Its said suo-
marine cables, and that tles, only r.-
,:our-'? for your orator to collect anyv
itdginent giv-n by the Court cr Claim.s
wil !be application to Congres at ap-
propriate the in:.ney ither,:fr, which
application may be disre:gard.d abt'o-
lut.lyluteiy. and thereupon "yoir ..raut.,r
il Ireceive no compensation what.o-
That the seizure of your orator's
marine cables is not the seizure merely
of physical prope-rty or of the use there-
of extliusively for governmental pur-
pose3 as distinguished from commercial
purposes, but is a seizure of the sam.-
with all future income therefrom so
long as the seizure continue, tli:rebi
seizing tlhe roneys. Income, and proftr.
of your orator. in a.ditior to the piiyi_-
cal property Itself. an, thereby ldeprli-
lng .our orator of su:h rron, y,. irnconie,.
ada profits,. and Jeopardizing your cOi -
ator paymn-rt of interest and divlidenr]-
in cse the defendant s.h':'uld ex.rrl.e
li1' .it.crct.,,n to a mithol.J tht .am.- a.',
-.: hae po.er under -aid Joint re ,ai,,-
lion so to io, and that your orator'*,
ci. r:.ouirs, to rrpo.ssess and obt.tii,
**:, ino-ore. ,, inome. and profit=, w'.'id
i., a .ult In thi- Court ocf Claims nai tl-
.'.,irlt any certainty or rea .onetl.- exTpelt-
not rat a Judgment tiier..for aoull t,.
pal. within a certain tin-. if. inr fact
t4iJ a all. and that this :onstitut.- i at
inre.aunor-able lureue n.1 ij-:e taking -of
pItiat,: property for public u'e, withc.'.t
Ju't ccnripernsation. an le.r'ip -.: your c' '
nter of its property a without d'Je pro.:e:.
c.i law. In n |:olationr f t the Constltution
a01 tli., LIltel ,tar.. ,
Tlihat tnere is no 'ompuliory pi'oe"-?
b' '.hlih a Jud'gm.nint of the Court of
.linis can be- collected, and that it is
i,. 't.i.l',' olLrtary aitn the Congre=
ihetl'er any such Judgment shall be-
'id or not. and that one of tin- com-
..n'eit parts of your orator's Evystem.
namely, the Commerclal Paclfl.-. Cable
'onpanyr, on Sept. 21. 1607. had orn co
hii _-'l.l.s disrupted by on. of tihe war.-
'-.ip": of th.i irilted Stut, -. and pr:-
i-ried i clanirm f:.r idanmag-- n the C.urt
or ,_'l'n!.- an.I cbtaine3 a Judgn'rent June
2 uri:j. for C',.i'9n.47. uaDsequently re: -
uu''.t. to .--.,S;,94 22 and that although

tie ('- rlge, had been rep:p at dil:. i-:-
quel.'ld to pay said claim It never ba.I,
done 'o, an .lithe namne still iInDul.-:,
and there arc- no means of enforclnr
r.anment. That defendant claims th'-.t h-
I -r ti'.lpdt to take all of :our orator'3
daily, profits an. return a ansil pordon
Lhtir-of to \oir orator, and keep the re-
nain.1,r n a mal.utlon of the dcisiorns
of the upre'ie Co'rt of the United
Stale n.'] of1 the 7,n .tiriut]i-.i of tie
Inilted iate. 'i',at t!is is conifl c-itor','.
cor-mmnunltlc. ain..l inr elation of estab-
llshed principles of law
Plin of Consolidation.
** That recently th-e Postal Tclegraph
sy-ctem. witi which sour orator connects
and li Inti n ately a.sociated. had lit
land telegraph lines sFela.d by defendant
and although' teat ..Nttcini in the year
1917 ma de a pr.ifit of .4,269t.47.r61,. the
def-ndant awarded that -ystr.ni only
$t w 0' 09 ( as comnpensaton.. timing e: prr
cenr on .3.1i,'iC.0"0, wlii..h dli-endant .
,-..m nihtte.?o nld l -x.. th, Ph.sr 'al '.1 iuc
cf 'th sy. -Lem' piint. That cdef.-ndarn
Lil ,iJ i a 'omn' T'r p' c .'. 'i on a
fun-lamentin ll ', ..ai pi in'r ipl- In 1-
t-rmiin; c:.nip' np'--.i.tn n 'm 1 fi i prei
:. nt. t.n an l -.bitra- -li" ti.\-: ph3?'i :al
.'al'u .:f' thei pleit n iliout iany allow-
a.nc- fat eatining po.ier and without ant
correct method even of arriving at said
appraised value.
That defendant propo.e3 and latends

one. The cables of both companies are
ahir-ady tax-d to their utmost, and sin-
gle manage-ment c.f the two could not
possibly pplit more business over them
tiarn at present, and i think it very de-
sirable to keep up the present compeFi-
tion Moreover, the Commei.al a .om-
pan:.. in its suit tarted today aims to,
p.re,'vent ih- .3r-.','t'. nrn nt from doing tills
very thing to which Mr. Burleson wishes
Ite now tr' be.onme a party, and. of
uc''ee.,. I cannot do thl.i. The pr.,per
and best aa.' lc to I-ae the 1t7o -.jn-
p'- nresi- a they are and 1t thiFem go on
about their business and not try to
operate them as one."

Albert Shipman Oglesby.
Albert Shipman Oplesby, President of
the First National Bank of Tuckahoe,
N. Y.. .aInce its organization, die-J yes-
terday of pneumonia at Lthe Lawrence
Hospital. Bronxville, N. Y. He lived at
Msohegan Heights, Mount Vernon. Mr.
Oglesb," was born in Shelbv County,
K:y., fort'-four yerrs3 ago: was proafs-
s. in the Urijersity of Winchester,
K and later at D-erkelev SF.hool. N.-,
l,- rk City, ,ft.:.r which he practic-i.l law
i, NX' York I'ity. Mr. Oglesb:, was the -
firht Pr, d-li-nt of he Oad;rn..ige Golf .-nd
C'-untr.' Club. H.= war a son of tMis.
Rebecca Oglesby of Yonkers and a
brother of ex-Congressman Woodson R.
Ogleaby.',of ibis c14y.

to so intermingle. unite. consolidate and
merge sour orator's business, good will.
staff .organization, employees, plants and
equipnti.nt with that of said Western
L'nlon Telegraph Company that the
tsepainte identity buslnc-3s and good kill
of your oritor will disippali. 0o that
your oiat)r may be forced or pei suad4d
to abandon competition hereafter, and
a.-qulti,:e in def.:ndant.'s plans for Gov-
ernment ownership of the a.me. or an
amailgnmatuon of all cables in the At-
lantic Ocean. That defendant has called
In as assistant and adviser Tneodore N.
Vail, President of the American Tele-
phone and T-.legraph Company. to work
out a plan for a universal wIre service 'I
including all wire communications of the
United States, namely, cables, telegraph
lines, and telephone lines. That all this
Is and would be In violation of the Anti-
Trust act of Congress of July 2. 1890,
which applies in full force to defendant
as well as your orator, now that the war
has terminated.
," That your orator's said marine
cables are private property and have
beem taken by defendant not for puollc
use, and that this is in violation of the
Constitution of the United States and
that there is no neces-ity for the exer-
cose of the power of the Government in
taking the said marine cables, and that
no provision has been made for any ju-
dicial inquiry as to the necessity for the
siezure and taking of said marine
cables, and that said seizure is arbitra-
r', all in violation of the Constitution
of the rUnhld States, guaranteeing due
process of law. That this suit in equity
Ia brought to enforce a claim to real or
ersonal property within the Southern
District of New York.
That the continued Interfrence of
the defendant with the business of your
orator as aforesaid is causing and likely
to cause great money damage -to your
ortor which will Irgely exceed the sur
of three thousand dollars exclusive of
Interest and costs. That the defendant
in carrying out his unlawful possession
ai'd control of your orator'ni marine
cable system and business will us-? the
military power of the United SLateE.
against which as a matter cf course
your orator has no adequate mene of
re. istn-'e. and that grea. and irrepar-
able Injurev is being done to your orator.
its prope-rty and business. and the cable
communication of the public.
Wherefore yc.'jr o-rator prays that
the defendant, his officers and agents.
may answer the premises, according to
law. (answer under oath being hereby
wahvd.i r..ni that he may, by a writ of
i'ijunctl'.n to he iqiueil out of and under
th- ,-eal of tt'hi Honorable Court. be en-
Jolned front m.arm'ln out his claim that
1" ha.s taken posseeslon and assumed
control oY your orator's said marine
cable system, and that the. defendant.
his offleers and ag-nts. may be enjoined
from Irterfering with your orotor's prop-
erty or bu'ines naforesaid or from tak-
Ing any steps or rnakng any demands
on your orator In connection here, ith.
And your orator prays that pend'lnr
the determination of this stilt. this Court
will grant and Is.'ue a temporary In-
.unction or restraining order. forbidding
all of said action' on the part of the
defendant as to whieh a final Injunc-
tion as herelnb,.fore prayed. In order to
prreserve your orator from great Injury
to Its business and to prevent the In-
Jury that would occur to the public In-
terest b:.' reason of the threatened acted
aforesaid while this sult is pending."
The bill of complaint is a.-iompanled
by an affidavit made by Clarence H.
Mackay, that he is President of the
Commercial Cable Company. Supple-
mernting the complaint are the docu-
mr-,:nLs ref-rred to a-i Exhibit A, B. and
(-'." They are. r-'spectively. the Joint
Resolutions authorizing the Pre-sident to
trike over the wire and cable communlcs-
tions o fth'- nation: the Pre-sident's proc-
lamation of Jul. 16, announcing control,
of the communications facilitil's. and
Poitmaster General Burleson's bulletin
a-urnuming supervision of the facilities.


0. G. Ward, Named as Head, Re-
fuses to "Become a Party to It."
Special to Thie Newl York Times.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 4.-Postmaster
General Burleson tonight announced
that directions had been Issued for the
operation under one management of the
two systems of cables running from
this country to Europe. He ao notified
Clarence HI. Mackar. President of the
R'--er--ar T'al'e Company T t tNew
York City,. and Newcomb Carlton. Pres-
ident of the Western Union Telegraph
Company. Under Mr. Burleson's plan,
to the extent that it Is disclosed in
these letters, the cables will b: placed
under the head of the Commercial Cable
Company. The PostmAsater General's
letter also again seeks to justify the
action of the Government in taking over
the cables by saying that the cables
should be unified in operation during
the present emergency." Mr. Durle-
-ona's letter to Mir. Mackay says:
The interests of the public service
during the pres-nt emergency necessi-
tate the unification In operation to lie
fullest extent pcasible of the cable sys-
tems leading from this county to E.ir-
ope,. so that tne full capacity of all the
cables may be made available to the
public and the press. It is manifest that
tnls can only be accomplished through
ise operation of the two syEstems under
one management. I have made a survey
of the situation and am satisfied thar.
the object sought can best bU. acorr,-
plished by placing the cables with th.
operating head of the Commercial Cable
Lc.mrpa y.
S I thierfore 'direct, so far as [ am
auutthorizd by the Joint re_'Olition of
Congress unr:.er whi.:h I r e cable systems
are now controlled by the Government
Ocf te United Statej, that. George C.
Ward. Vice Presidrnt. f tile Comrncr-
cial Cable Cornipay.I anri riho, I urnder-
stanJi now has Jdnr.ct change of 3.:.ur
and oper'|atio:n eof bi)tk tih' Commercial
cable system. a.2-rnli tlihe management
Cable system ,and ithe cable h site'n
opielated by th,' v,'estern Unioi Tele-
graphi Conmpehy. I ti ut utat I "ill
have the hearty co-op,:ratlon ,f the of-
i'.:ials of b.utii c abl. sy.t'-in- in cat trying
out trCse imrctli...r,.. I atm sending a
COip) cof this letter to Mh WV'id. also to
Mir. Nt:v''omb Cair!'er.n, 't d-idtnt of the
Western Untin Tclegai..l Conmian."
Clar,;nce H. MH rk..'. Pr..t- lent of th.
C.n'mmercliI Can'l" Ci-r.paIiy. last netiL
cci.i e bthid writt n to P,.,trnaatel Bur-
l:...,t ai 5.Illons,.
In ans',ter .o yir i..itt.er to me of
today. 'v.Itii:h lis. be-n lvi n to t ,e
rnew :pap.:i I beg t.:- a:. tih-at tI'. m iet.i
i-Np.i ,; bl.. a -.bi ..," tih t I hate been
a le Lt'O set c-'. Inr..:-. n0: that better
":i-k can b': Ilr.ne n b a .:n.rtinm .rc.- of
the pi:selit separiat,: rataige irnernt '4 ut-.
ttwo cabi:'- <..:.ni- p rnes- ti n -,. an arnleniu
t.i am lg nm-. te .wo plantrt. ai:l li.'. .
been Oper [.,l u.., t'fully and a' tuparate-
.y for -, niio ..,-ars .Xs 3ou d'.ubtlesa
ar- anare. tiie c.mrrietcialj. Cable C',.m-
pa.n. t,.Ja.,. las il f .a a bill in eq iti.'
rn the IU ite. St at-'s Court in thii city
to pr.- ent just ih ac r an alg'tiiitil.r,.
aud i am aesujre.J tniatt lie bh.st irtere.ts
:.f tii- public will be a.i arn:ed inr.tei.
c.- retarded If no sucl arnalgaiiiatilon
take. place."
George G. Wi'ard, Vice President and
General Manager of the Commercial
line., appointed General Manager of the
Atlantic Caule Syst.mns by Mr. Burleson,
had ti-s to say:
Nothing can be gained by attempr-
Ing to operate' tre.se two cornspanic. as



chant of Fiat
Temple, Noble-
pneumonist& 0
F:aibutsh Ave
years old.
retired manu
formerly In b
NEP,, wife of A
member of the
on Monday at
Avenue, Brooklyn.
left a son, George
in the. 326th Aero
tiess Elizabeth IL
ic School '.26.
for thirty years a'
Department' La Brbo
of his daughter.,
Brooklytn, on Tues,
LI.eurenaqt, formerly
lacbed tO Police ije
tan. died ot afonday,
iaskil Street. Brnoot
MATTHEW 1261c0
years Dejiut Cicy.' i
Borough Hall, dle(.
7S7 Cauldwell Avejte,
Ing of the arteries.
61 years old, had4
License Bupau tri6..1le
nar el. --.S..at.rs.
died Tuesoday aBhi ,
Riverside' Krive,e. of
years old and a
High Behorol't Fort,-
old, died yesterday a
ille, N. Y. Ha w
Captain some years
ent periods Magistrat-
Excise of Banylon, N.

Marriage and dl
for snaersion in F
may be iefleuhoh

.$3,750,000 .

The Amalgamated Sugar Company

First Mortgage 7% Serial Convertible Gold Bonds
Total -Authorized Issue $3,750,000

Dated August 1, 1918.

Due $750.001) Annually. August 1. 1919. to 11'23, incivaive.

Interest payable February 1st and August Ist. Prrincpal and interest payable in United Stites
gold coin at the Continental and C.rnmmerial Trust and Sa'.ing_ Bank. Cliago, or the
Chase National Bank. in New York City. Coupon bond- rcgi.tcrable a- to principal
only in denominations of $1,000 and $50). Callable a. a v.'hc.le or in pait on as,
interest date. upon sLity days' published notice. at 10u2" and accrued interest.


Tax Refund in. Pennsylvania. ,.

Convertible at the holders' option, on and after September 15, 1918, par
for par, into the 8% First Preferred Cumulative Stock of the Company.


For detailed inforiuation regarding these bonds, attention is directed to a letter of
L. R. Eccles, Vice-Pres.ident of the Company, a c:opy ,of which vill be sent on applica-
tion, from which the following uis -ummarized:

The Company is one of the large and successful beet sugar producers
of America, its business having been in successful operation for a period of
twenty years. The physical property of the Company consists of eight sugar
beet manufacturing plants located at Ogden, Brigham City, Logan, Lewiston
and Smithfield, Utah, and Burley, Twin Falls and Paul, Idaho. The
officials of the Company estimate that its 1918 production will approximate
120,000,000 pounds of sugar.

These bonds, which will constitute the only funded debt of the Company,
will be secured by a closed first mortgage upon physical properties ap-
praised at more than $10,000,000. Total assets are over $16,960,000, or
more than four times the amount of this issue.
The Company covenants that it will, at all times, maintain quick assets
as defined in the trust deed equal to at least 100% of all outstanding indebt-
edness, including these bonds.
The book value of the Common Stock of the Company, as sh1pwn by an
independent auditor, indicates an equity behind the bonds of more than
$13,000,000. As the bonds mature in five annual installments of $750,000
each, the mortgage will be rapidly decreased, thus increasing the equity in the
property for the bonds remaining outstanding.
Average annual net profits of the Company applicable to interest charges
for the last three fiscal years' were $2,156,414.75. The annual interest on
these bonds is $262,500.
The entire proceeds of this issue of bonds will be devoted to the reduction
of current liabilities, thereby not increasing the present indebtedness of the
SPrice Approximate
and Interest i Yield
$750,000 Due August 1, 1919 ..... 99! 2 7.50%
$750,000 Due August 1, 1920... .., 98' 7.75%
$750,000 Dae August 1, 1921.. 973s 8.00%
$750,000 Due August 1, 1922. \ 96 as 8.00%
$750,000 Due August 1, 1923. .... 963s 7.90%

All ,nateuisin s here,* ire o 'i.,.- l or biterd tin information ohih -a r'-rd & ,iu.hii. and. while we do not gKuri
iVte them, ilie ,r.- i'.h dili n .n whicr we iave <ed In It r p.r.thal oi LIneC e se..inrii I

Halsey, Stuart & Co.,
iloiopoi, ated- uccepors to
Chmage Philadelphia Beftea
. Dtrol. St. Louls Mllwaaulfe

George H. Burr & Co.

Sal Fumocisso

St. L-l* Suattio

tal and Commercial r

and Savings Bank




4, 4 4 4!4 ,': i .



McAdoo Announces Disburse-

ment of Between $800,000,000

and $900,000,000 Since Jan. 1.


Director Says the Omission of Any
Corporation to Pay Its Debts
Is Not His Fault.

Special to The Yew York Times.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 1. Sec"retary
3cAdoo issued a statement tonight in
which he rave all accounting un part iof
tnoney disbursed outL of the earnings :of
railroad properties since Jan. 1. He ea-
timatea that the amount thus dlsbire-d
up to Sept. 1. I19.4. Is between $i.wl,,0,.,-
0E0 and 5900.,0).O *).
Mr. McAdoo states that $241.3Sr1,42 '
bhas been advanced by the Federal Rail-
road Administration to the railr.:.'d?
since April 1. This, he explains. Is ex-
clusive of the current earnings of the
roads, which have been applied by tl-, m
to their current expenses and cruporate
needs. Besides ton am.aunt lthi ad-
rvaced. the Directo.r Gencial s.-id,. the
equivalent of standard rentals. whieni
for the first eight m.:nths of 1918
amounted to $t., 0.'1:".tCo)n had been 'e':,r
largely paid to every railroad, under
Government control.
Besides advancing to:, the ronid an
amount equal to 90 per cent. of their
standard rental. Mr. Mc.Ado' says that
large additional sums have been ad-
vanced to the roads to enrrole them t.-.
meet maturing bond issues which they.
and their financial agents aere una.le".
under existing ,ondit.ons. t.:. provide f..r.
and to pay large surims for new r t-uip-
lment and additions and betterneieni- "
Nearly half of tiP Eunm of 1241. 4.51.421)
advanced since April 1 has gone [O. ihr.e
big sy- stems. :,'f tli. tota-l. .41,,.t.. %
went to the New Hayen. $4.3ini,.lim t i.:'
the New York Central, and $4t..":i,ia")'.a tr.
the Pennsylvania.
In the ..ourse of his statemeit, MIr
3McAdoo sald he desired to corr-ct an
impression which prevails In some q.ar-t
e tra to the effect that the United Srat-,
talliroad Administration is withh.-ldine
oir haq been withholding the standard
rentals due to the ea.rlous ralroad.s urn-
der Government control. pending the- ex-
ecution of the contracts bet.-Pen tl!
Government and the rallroade, and tlhat
the omis.Ion of any railr,-.ad *:"rpora-
tions to .,ttlte their dbhtsi or clalm.e in
due to any omi.iionr bv the RalLroa,a
Administration t'.' pay li actu:C -'ld
rentl s."
The Stutement.
Mr. McAdoo's statement. In pprt. Ls is
The total arnount of money which the-
United States Railroad .dnministratlior
blh advanced sInce April 1, !e1_. tco all
raIlroad companies. exclusive of the
current earnings of the roads, applied
directly by the Individual .i 'a.d to trir
current expenses and coiporate needs. i-
*asa $241.6.,1.420. to slxty.-four different
roads or sy.steitins. of f.-nlch the aMmount
advanced during the nionth of Augu,!..t
Waso, ,36 I.7 370.
Of th=' total amount adv;ance-] fronm
April 1 to Seipt. 1. :20?,'i.'0 w-a taken
froni thri- i.t.i'l i Cii'N Rfevolving .Furn-
%id w3as."',2.1.7iLU was talKen from the .A-
lus earningsg curnral .ovel *o- ;!e ,
rector general l by- the,limited number oT
roads whose rec-ipts for the period.e<-
ceedd thi:lr needs.
T'li' total or.:runt of moni.y iturn-1
o/ ovr to th: Director Grneral April 1 tr,
Sept. 1. by road reporting surplusa esrr,-
ings. was 4512.4.'.i.ft out of the annrount
thus turned over $''U,2i,.ri, wa3 rne-
turneil to oa.l' tirnporaril ni making ir'-
dleposits, these sane roads ha\lng -tb-
sequently called upon the Dir- tr .lt,r i.,-
eral to ada an'e to them con,,id.rahb]-
5sums In addition to the return of thr'
deposits which they had tcmporaril,:
made with the Railroad Adrrlnlittatlon
The only raltroadsi or sy.-teni wniLh
have deposited fin-ds with the [Dlir:ctor
General and haae not asked for th,: rr-
turn of any port'ilon of the fund thus
deposited were the following-
Atlfanttc (east Lire nar.c LCt.uis iile
& Nashb ll ... -. S. ...'.
Stchison T.ure-lh & it. Fe . .. 'l
ierthern P cilfl, ... .. ,
tlJurn. MitJ sa& b e & N.riti r .. ".. iiI"
Union Pacit'l e. I'' fii : i
Norfonik \K ts-rnr a Rail ..: ] .'. fiui 1
easenmer a& I.a'e Erir .. '..' ". "i.
Clicago &: N,'rlhn' t rn . ... I 1..i.' ''
Iln. JooI Nt & Fh alt:n ... . ....i I ,,
Luh & oIr.r.i Rang .. ........ . i. .
art T r h & Denser Cri." r'l 1...)
ore M -rqu te . . ft '
Paso & Southweesri] ..... r.r i'i.
Chinago & E.a'tern Illinoisa........ '0i.i:,.,:,
Slekane. Portland & Seattle.. .. 300 ()f
lhchmond. Fredencksburs & Po-
traI j. ........... ............. i-c1 -1
sIh & New England ............ 3. O.'
intlonal nd tnrt. Northern.. I 0
I Ri d FRaplda & Indlana... ....... ]il: 0(1.
Among the other railroads depnoiting"
Smda with the Director General, a hlh
ve not already gotten oack si.ns as
great or greater than those thus de-
posited. were:
.4AjT d-p tn
ex--s'a of .-ntI
C. back
Southern Parclf. . .. ... .-'. '.
rh cago, Burlinglon & Quln.-y.. ... *.O L0 t
Ba Lcin-a.erl l-'ar.,?co ... ... "."1 .i'.
Oblerado a Sn.utht rr, .. .. ...... II,1 .,. '
f sdaon & Mai/li&itt.at ... ... iih. iij''
Vieksburg, S tnrep,,t & .Pa:lflc. 3',4 0','
l&aba ma & tickabure .. . . l ..i0u
Roads Receiving Advances.
During the month of August the D -
reOtor General made the following ad-
'vances to the railroads ran,-,d over
and above their current expens-..
'*nnsylva&ni, Railroad ........ $ 9.,u',u'."0
P ltlimore & Ohio ........... .. -I ":. f,
Il roitas Central ......-........ "- s ;,.i',, )
esaboard Air Ltin .. ...... .. jut, .1
buffalo. RoLh PutTburgh Ra. .. 1 ui u.
Usaourt Paci ... . . .. 1 .
bloeago. Burn..stor, & Quin... r "y t I ..
Pt]ad lphi i. t IEtadir ig .. .. . .I.t Ua. ,
Southern Pacil>. I .
flroago, St P Mirn & t.'rne.lha .. It'11 ,,'" I
C LoKo., .ilwauiie & Si P l.ui.... .n .
LBssaL pelek & Ohio. .. ... .. .. I ,'"J' ,"'
Prle Railroad. .... ....... .. '... u.,'u
Uxfad Trunk Western LInes ..... *.. T."
W bak h Ra, l',vay . .. .. ...... ",:: ,.'-
loago Great Westarn. .. ...... u30.,b40
rorId& Eaat Co- st ........... .. .'U.'.i
nta sa Hartbor Belt Ratllwasi .... F..i. .,
ansas City Sout.ir'mn............ ,.,, (oju
llnneapolls & St Louls........... ti-'. u0')
Tw YorK, OnCtarlo & Westernr..... -',..,u"'
Lau an Pranelsco....... .... :., .,
to lnau Northernm ........ .... .'.' ,
Central New England........... .,,,
eUthsn RBallt ry ......... ..... -4,. w,, |
Chicla0. Terra Hauta & S E. Ry.. L;, '-,.lI
git, Mob|le & Northern .. ..... -"l, Inu
ena&s City, rtxdr.:o & Orient ti t.1.i.III
Western Mrir5 lan ........... *' :Ij |
Viclkaburg, Shr.ipor-t. & P ciilne 1',] ,:,,.

rittsburgh & Sneav. rnu..... mllin.0i
Did Dominion Steamanip Co .. :. tLU
rnn Arbor Railroad . ", '.' i'"J
lan Antorltri. Ijatulide & Gulf R R. 4. '.i
.'alorado & Sou' .ern. ... .. 1 i.,it
Franklin & Pitayian.a la. . 11i'
Alabamja & Vi'iksurg ... .... 0 n .0
The totat amount advanced by tile LD-
rector General to all railroad companies
from April 1 to Sept 1, 1la rexcluJsl\;
of the current earnings immediately a"-
lied by the respective companies,) was
21.851 420. The advances were made
o the iollowlng roads:
". T. N -. & H ................. I $1 96 0 .0
pw York Central Lines ........ ') 31 i" o-ij0
annayivasna .... ... ... ....... 40 r00 i'A0
Chicago. Milwaukee & St. Paul.... 13 t.003. i
Baltimore & Ohio.................. 13 EI.l0.iHY)
Inola Central.......... .... ..... 1 4 .t) (.i
Mre ................ ... .. . . S.4 ) ficar,
feaco. Rock Isl&nd A "-acific... 63 tu.l:0..)
aboard Air Lin ........ '1 ..,," a00
Ir'er & Rio Grand.. . .. 10.rjt0
mouthenI Rallwar Lines .. ...... 3 4'It (.0
southern, Pacific Lines . .. "i1 l'1 i .a
CheltSpeake & Ohio........ . ;., 'nt
l..high Valle .. .... . .. .. '' l .Iu
Wabash .. .. -. .
Chicago, Burlington & Quinay, . 10,t) iI
MisaourL Pacific.. .. .. .. 2 T',, *'(
Mibaourl. Kansas & Texas Lines 2 64:. tirn
Buffalo, Rocheater & Pittsburgn.. '.)iA(i nw)
Phlaldelphia & Readlng ... . I 41" rin
iuneapolls & BSt Loulis .. . c.0 I
Chicago. Indlanapolis & Liuloville. I si2 QUO
0., Bt. P.. M. & 0O...... ..... 1, TO (Q.)
it. LouIl-San franLoisco LInes. .. I ItIS.( 0
adilaan & Mjnhattan........ ... 1.000,(00

'hiri -if .argls .I .. 7, 00)
Irar.in lr .r- .Fl .. 2. 7 inju
WrI, -llr. !& Lake. Erie ... 70r, ti s0
Grblnd TrunK Webrerrn. ... I-'.21 J0
it", i..-o3 & .Aloh. n .. Oi 000
Nc Iiolh SoiliLh r r .... .. .. 0 0
Te, rnlri.d R R A s,..: of St Louis .LM ,Oo
t'lh~I -.:o Great V st,3:rn ...... .. Dl7.M
il..cling Va ll:.. .. ... O 'taO
l- -. iln F. l :. ET . . 0i o t t
I Isi ;,S -. Ilt S-.:,.Lth-rin Z0.C.000
.r. LUo Isld iLhw-itatrn .. u00,000
N-. VYork Ontario A 1,estern 41)00 00
Aini Arti- r .. ,0 .CO
C-r.nai Nen- En ind ..... ,000
r nii *i il. ]..&. a OrirE. 1.. 300 i.
-'.' trai -r.nonr '"..G"0
t[-inir T,'.uo & Tr.ntor, .. ... 2. i
' l Ir,:.rr- li.aut. out -ULhcrasin 2.'9. f0
' ulf MNlol. N .rth.-n, .. ... 001'' u
ran .Ar.oni.L. Aar.r3-n~ Pass....... ',0.000
C'rti.: Jlu i n . ... u 10j.00
.MitrI.r ,. lr lrin'ch m & Atlan rti.. 1'u M 000
western n Mariland..... ldf.09
Ijllhrol Soulh:rr .. .. .. 160 000
iA..i R ll i. or iflChcago .. 15E, 00
L.Aiuih. South Sh..re & Atlantic .. I 00110
I' k-Asurr Shrevtport& Pe Fa'fl.t... ]36 000
N- a :.rK t"nicairo & S9 Louis .. 13. T27
Ne '-ri-ans r, r-lar Northerr 11, (?iO
'-t"h i .. ii -'e mrn Indlana.. ... 115 a)"
I CFn n It0urt &en riut .. .. .. 1 00
')1,1 C'otrJiri,'jt STFieaIn h.ir 'r< .0 ..c . ''0 It')
i'. nrin ron., r ril.'.. In Pt L. tIt)(al
S. n .r nt,rl,. L d ,I & Jul 45.0 .'
-* ci.I .1.3 i ouih'rr. 43m
i'rar.i-,Iin & i'lti. rianr.l .. .. 3t. 0Ci0
ALI',.na & \c I .aurg...... .. . '.000 r
Of Lhe funds thus advanced to date s
o.'2r ,) per 'ent went to the three I
l a:teni the N .e Hai4rn. the New Yoric ,
Central. .and the Pwnris; lmania.

Not Holding LUp Rental. I
The Direct-ir General desires to correct
an Inimpreis;Irn which prevails in some
quarters. to Lihe effect that Lhe United
States Rallroad Administratorn Is with-
h:ldind or hai been withholding, the e
taln.-i.rd r,-ntaiis du, to the \ajrtiro's
rail idsd undir G'CvernmenL control,
endinging the execution of the contracts
0 rti'ern line ir... -rnrient anid Lhe rail
ii. and tr. it the onilssion of anv f
r [! l .. 0 ,.I r.i atloins to .) settle their
I.abta ''r iclain.- I? l.1u to a t- omis-slon
by _iI' l..allr:.j.d Admniniltratlon to pay
it. r,.. Ih r ntal: r
The fa. :t. Ir:t the equl.-alert of the n
Ftlid rnd tri tl'. a ,lich for the first L
epit rtiortlh. i th- current ve-ar
arnuont.d to & pproxlr'-iately b.0.Of.tO0 fif), i
Ia& .,:pn ,ra larg- i paid to -*.er t
I'E lh.lir d OlcIn.pI.r in inh" e Unlt'dE S at-f It
undr-i G.' -e niment ico-nrol. and In marii
ac' t Dh." irect-.,r ;neral. itr addition
t.:, p_ t,r th-,e.--- r i3d ar. amount equal
0:. i) per '.:rit oi tl-i lr ':tan lan J rental.
i nic .i p:yLm.:nts In advar,-"e' of the ex-
li.iton of :ontra. t. are r.rrnijsil. sita
r t '' .,rlnipti'ci. ind r the Railroad ma i t
I.3L i ,::l .anic,' I l1i :.- tu. :iti.r,in urnri :f 'I
rrn:' t, th:. i : i a- ra. .orf.:.rati: .ns t:
irar-l.- th- n .. rnr.:t maturing bond I.-
-I.-_; hl-i. i 1 i.-', a and th-ir fC.r-anelal
*E r.T .;-- '- t i ta -il' u 1n 1r .'ilt rig c-orn-
Iditl,,n-,. to prov-i-' fotr. arnd to pay k.n'rge
arnmd r, tr. i-,rn itit..
Tl-i, total iE.'cunit of tn-nn therefore.
wri..i till- : DIrr.L tot Ger,,nr.I has di.-
h 6-.'j c..-' r a.r-l aboa- aill rrent er'-
p.IL r' .'f' op e iti:.n, ocu of earnings of
E-he laii]':I.ld piop.irttie ln'-'e Jan. 1 a-Ind
Irom i. lurentnt ilar,, i :-a l-t-n owner on
J n 1. Il'l. and frL.m tone Tresijury' ,
r-.olvlng ftin.] up to .-:ptv' 1. 1918. IF
r,.-tiniate.d 'it between $i'ti"l.(lti.i100(i and r
il atrij lti...n to the large ui.iis w-hich t
n b a.'. b-rii .1d- a r,.,' dire: tly t, ril.- ,j
..a. olih.-r 11 r.a i..;.ur l t oa :'-tt.eiip 'atlo.n r
itr a l,.ean thie r.iTlr,-itr G'r.n-ral Ias t
ad, an,-:d **-n cc.:u-nt lof orders' pla..ed
ii hin .:.r lt..or.,iotl'.'-3 -n] cars nc-.w
a 'el? .-'r;n'-trnt.:tlctri i n wlil. ,l are b eliz
p1 1 -1 'ir i' 1. ti, rao -il' i at completed.
t-h- furitn. -r Ln-t of .'] ;-'; ;71.


Several Hundred Now Idle Will Be
Bought or Commandeered.
W.-ASHiN'G,-TON. S,-pt. 1.-Several liin-
dred Lum[ptLl:L i private ars cwrnd by
n.illic'nainr ind nc.w idlN under the
.lii"'.J ..idmiil.tria.gon'a ban on their
u de In war titn rs may be converted
ainOL'/I' ih,, orolr ra s ..cping and ciantl
The F,-deral railway management nox,
I. taking a c'iisbo .' Lhenlm with the Idea
'.,f itner purcla.ing or comniandeermn


National Movement to Consirvi'M.ar.
FPower Started by Government.
Saft'/t/ vurk for tie utmost conservaL-
tion of i tran-poner Is to be extended to'
th- nation s railroad under the plan
put in for.e- by Director General Mc-
Ado. uindier tlie p'ir- isln of the Safety
.-.tr.,'-n of thief F':-.rral Railroad Adniln-
lrati lon itn -t .tatnient from WXash-
ilL.r,, give'.n Ltit at th-e Girand' Central
Ti LlntL .. -t rdi;. it v ias reported that
... p-.r .ent ..f all th- people killed ion
ialliroad.s a nniail re r mployes, who
al-:' .-.iiipo'', *ieu Ltr '.ent of those in-
juri' yei'.,ti in, la il 'ay -.ecid. nti. Th-
t..rn'..ni 'li- 'a :..,at tir.-,i 1 hi .ti'ns of
r .n n I r ,.i. t r- .j -r, ....' 1- 3 ..i:n -ci l [i .:,rl
-Jj C O t"f I. i t impt'.,rt--n *-, partirul:-,r-
I. ,t hlli tinm ,:,
It 1- tl- .ii .-I" t. h. fr Section by
pi ': ,,r,.l*.. r, r .. i i. h ll-. l I l- ta tTe, -i ns:ltI
i.:. 1 h ti -" i" ri.l.- rfil i -'I tn1113 1 in
%,,rk .-,f w Il. icTl' n, r, rn.J th-i -r.:, 1
I ..a Ir '"a. r. n i :. r. ..r.ra nr o'-i
l.athi ef '.r. 'r a per r-nt of uund-
e ,dll' i- H V 1 Iuap, sa fety v .xp .rt
f.:.r th-: Iinte-rltate ,'--n'rmerce Comrrmi-
*on for fiflt.:-n ;, ar3. i now in chiarce
a' manager a.,f the unified national]
iir o %.ement


August Record for New York-Wash-
ington Trips Practically Perfect.
Sp.-c.:ol to Thea ;Vrw l'.rk ntsnes
WASHINGTON, Sept 1 -The air meal
5.ervi,'e between Washlngton,. Philadel-
phia and N-w York City established
what Is rornsiderred a remarkable record
in Augi-st Durinlr that month the air-
plan,. n-.ad.]- thlir trips wltrouit a miss,
uilh ,'I.r ar,-rial.3s 3' .[of any charectr r.
Ti", tr.t al p:.s L i i- uiale ge of fllgril o .ur
Tei ni-,,rh s, \ ,fl ,. ,of which 11,957
rii'l:.- v'er, c':.itrttler..i. -
"Th.'l -r.r', tv.'rty'.,even flying days,
on wlhil.r. I Ir}g ,.-f tilie J. :urne e had t.
b" rf.:.rn, -i ard in th't month their
'-.rr. ,,nty tw.-. forced landings, o:ne witt
a delay -if saev'. nlnituts aid the aLoe
mitt a delay of less than r-n mnjte
One forc.:d landilng -ass made with
f,.tar niles ,:'f 1-elmnit Park at the en
of rh-,. ..urt.i;y. It wa ,:i.aused by t-
br-.-kin.g yf a magreto shaJ't. The ot.ni
fur.-.1 landing vwas made on a d
wro'-n rc.g and maze obsi:ured the grout
antd t'.r ie- pLju.rpose of picking up t
,',r:.''s biecus,. tili, comuass failed
During tii' first ten days of the rnon
th: r':ut,- 'eere fl.:.wn by Lleutenar
E jgert-.n. RJIgorc, Bonsal. W.bb, ,.
..;r and Mill-cr with,-ut a mits. hitch
f'ir.jed landing Durring the last tn-en
d,'ys atof tie iironth th( routes were ope
ated'by y*l\iliar. \alat ors of the P. 0. I
Thil' pert..ct score weacre made by Av
RtorI 1&ax Miller and E. V. Gardr.n
A.iators, Mlaurli'e Newton and Robe-r
Sli.rlt oit the Philadelphia end of th
rLut.tc ea':h had on. for.'ed landing. gi'.
lig til'-h a score of C'.' per cent.
A tot-al of 5,7,i' pounds of mall was
ca-ried .:.n the trip.
A trust rigid rreclar.lcal maintenance
syeini- on .'11 fl'-l-is "'as malntaiped, '
.*.irl, tll- r-e rl r thjat t-',; month closed
t, ioi',l a. c ', it lane tf thei fifteen be-
zt,- lald up In Lre si-op for repa.irs.


Federal Company to Erect Four of
Largest Type at Newark Bay.

Work w-Il soon be started on Newark
fay on what I1 to be one of the large-st
di y do.:k plants In the United States. It
was said yesterday that contracts had
been let to Holbrook. Cabot & Rollins of
this cit;.' for the entire work, which will
Involve an outlay of between $6,000.000
andi S,0fi0.0,i.0
These do.ks will be part of the plant
of the Federal Shipbuildtng Company on
the tHackensack River. The company
recently ootalned 114 acres -of land ad-
l orning t.ner property in Kearny. That
this was to be used for dry docks was
not known until now. The proposed
docks are to be of suTficlent size to ac-
,_ommodate ships of the Lusitania type.
There are to be fout of them.
Tomorrow will be primary dRy. The
polling places, the same ano on last
Election Day, wIll be open from 3 to 9
P. II. The nominees to be voled to
In the coming election for Governo
Lieutenant Governor, and other Sta
offices, as well as for CongresMa,
depend upon the votes cast tomot



FVoa vote against them, and thus run
the risk of a change in the manage-
DUPONT DEFENDANiL l- L ment of the company, and that adverse
action would tend 4to depress the conm-
S r A T m T P' stock t1 a very' low level.
SIU V than 7 p-r ct of the independ-
L'OOUKI FOR A, VICTORYI t,!,:nt .h'-ckoldera aftrarted by the
OK F lure of $Ip a share, according to the ae-
S___I fendants. The latter also alleg'- that
L- '-11 -' at te rect meeting X5 per cent of the
| SI) stockholders In Wilmingt on-persons
Unofficial Figures Give "Plain- who pre.run tly knew il Lhe ins and
ours ,.f th du Pont family and business
-tiffs Only 157,663 Out of quarrls, voted with them. Out 0o the
sIxty-five members of tne dp Pont. famr,
473,132 Votes. il:, excluding the plaintiffs, sixty voted
/,1 -- with the defendants
All of the social bitterness reflected In
this family tote had its reflex In attacks
IUDGE TO PASS ON RETURNS on th. business relations of Lih. man ln-
volveJ. Alfred I. du Pont was openly
abused of failure to co-op-rate with
lai3 hilow-workcrE. He was removed
L du Pont's Associates Claim the both as Vice Pr.sident and as a Di-
\ rettor, and it was testified Lhat his lack
Support of Great Bulk of of cc.-operation extendEa to the extreme
the independents. of trying to block plans to Increasw the
th epenent. ientnv and reward the efforts of tne
ernploycs of the company on 'thom had
fallen th.e great work of meeting the
Hpociat to the vveu, Yorkt Tmea s ,ar demands for animtunldon.
-WILMINGTON, Del., Oct. .L--Thbe T)I r,. su e: of .ihe r-c ..,parp v tes'J-
\tied on lth witnee3 ..tand ithat when the
First round In the "du Pont securitis demand forar became sao great tht
ult," Involving the ownership of sacurl- It was advisahle to pay higher wages,
lee and cash totaling about i,;I.Oi.U,0yJ., Alfred I. du Pont voiced his oppoeslton
has reached the point where Pierre S to thlese pa:,'mnrts and accused "the
managepinent of the company of wastlmig
du Pont and his absoclates In the man- monr.e by increasing the wages of plant
agement of the famoup powder corn- *'mplpyea.
pany are declared victors. On Wednes-
dy the stockholdera of the company
met to vote on the question of taking
over for tWeir own use 12dti28 shares of
stock with all of its accumulations of
dividends which comprised the ,u0,iXn-
W10 lafdlipute.
The result of the vote .it this meeting
Il yet to be canvassed by the trial
Judge, %ho ill rxcilve. in a fc-w days,
a report from tIe special inaster ap-
pointed tu conduct the meeting, Un-
offr.,cal figures developed during the
cantass of the votes show that the
plaintiiia In the case hold a total of onlI
1b'i,'6ti votea out utf a possible -ao.,I2'.I
of this nilnorl i the plaintiffs Chem-
s.-ves cazt 1J-7..74 votes. indepenJdent
stockholducs auppirted the plaintiffs
vth J),0UO votes. and these, according
the defendants, were Sat by only 164
f the nearly 2.3<0 asockholderi not dl-
.ctly affiliated with either s ile.
The defendants are, with Iew excep-
ons. offlceirs engaged in the conduct
Sthp company's affair. The juno'lical
to cait. ror theim- is 313,161. Of this
mber the defendants LhLmselves cast
.1T1 share, %hlch leaves more than
.U,0X votes cast In support of them by
i of the independent 4Lockholder. '
hese figures are attracting unusual!
.ention. The defendants allege that
of the atrongeat argumenle asubrEni-
to atoc)kholdera during the canvan i
proxies by the plaintiffs was that
a vast sum In-ol.e'1 in the suit could.
taken over by the stockholders their
ve-s i.thout one cent oa cost; that itht
acquisition would add $90 to the value of
ach share, and that this would put the
lock on & 24 per cent. dividend bael,s
litead of the 18 per cent. It has been
'awlni_ this year
The ct e..ntentions had the support
lid h. cementt of f't.e court, which
i its d r h tee. deia.di thi t Pietrre 1.
*1J Pont and his associated had, violated
thdr trust, pc diLhat lI e seo.khoJlier s
er~ entltled (o taKc over the noney. I
Pro .nents of the defen dlns u~, I
ltte 'l the independent stociholders
the ar I, ser tihn.t n spLtea of th Ie
ourt's dtln It buanyea n per-



r---------r or.m.m Ln) a te. 3 ears ago '
I sa td to hi .e r.,e l'e'ved ,:. anc d .i.-
Continued from Pnge One.
'MLI ItIle ,V1 rin ni-ore tIi rr X.' -, I-"
the time whpn America vaq ha ing her H L ,' 1i.. _n t ,:.er1 h1is a,-t.Vltimes
first big crop of Iron and stnel milli.n. t., there f.di of finar,.:,-, acquiring large
alires. They went to the new hi(t:l, interest in .3ii i Y-,. W ren ir O Equtl-
liked It, and th.- WalJ,.,r'rf sue,:-- was [En:Lie Bul,linr bhurn.d lhe a.:cuired a site
assured. Its hbisin ess i-,id grow-n Oan-d oi t e. r,: .i: the t re s-nt Equitable
that in 1X95 work was started .I rihi EBulkllc. L.,- il'r,-eset Of ;c: iucture In
.Astorla. and two .,:are later th; -:apac- tri v.,:.rld
Ity of the original establishnirrt wa l Ti"h:re is risno iper.dling a rplar for tuie
mo'ore than doubl-d. niaulu'hzni-z.i.n .:.f th. EqitiabIl Life .\s-
The fpr.l,:y of the V'ald rt'f-Astloria v.a= ,i rtii-,:.'. Sa.:.e .v. r:ith a.- ,l 3 .:.f niore-
alwat s to please ti. atr.:.ris? h., carre t'i.,.~i .'...i.i.,i i rri J.e r..:.-i.lle .ir.-.agil
to it. No complaint wA ; t-, rii f n iri -lir t,- _i'l ._r. f i't" *iu Font in o'ft rin:
recenle prompt atte'.- :tn i., arid the- gu -' ., I '.I his hol'Jine oi' itn in'I'LI 'T.', of
pot what he aekel for. Mr. BoldJrt a I.t-, [ t --K .it .1 price .i.aj_. I'' I'rl'l lesi
linown to give up his c n apart ris l a thiin h- i. iid J. P Nti-.r;.o. i..r it in
order that a distlitn ulsh'ed eue'i rL n'ht r i,, a 1i-c:A id :d:d bte l....u l .'lu.tn
inot be di appointii, Ifs ; ',':' t-. i" 'i-I- i .,. i -. D-a.- r ar_ trir.e
A part of the Waldorf 13 Mr ,,] -ai .'g..i to hlr.p tuid t i :, s: t[m of
Oscar His right name is Oscar hiricea i- gh -y a -hais gi rn niorr rhar.
Techirky, but he i'.l ihe to L#e kri- .'r. a.1 i i'. .., iin to tl' Mi a s-ach iet r[ institute
" Mr Oscar He r.as he: crif c.f Ihe f' T .:lino: '.. and j i, gj suni tio 1 .:
hotel during the da:'- it l, r its piat- V 'I. C A
Eince the dJ rAli .f lMr Br.ldl he Ih ? Th l Ild Fi ...r T.-.rtinF iri.' C-l' ri th."
bel en the r ianagr -r I '.li.ih';,_ l i .Dole 1 Dc ..I i ir li IL
Two thou-ii ri af'ai' t a L e-L I'r.-.ni A'r.' l: '.,r-i. .l': it _.1 I ',
dinitn rs for ron alr to i, h t i- ar.:- i' ir in" rl Ti -. .u *ir.:- s *r rtal..
take :.lace under the I..d." ili W11 hi-.. h' i: .J01 Po.ii ina li'',2 on ,ii.:
dorf. The prO.fiti f'ron trhe WN i- r..-ink .-l tlhe- B-13 nd'. winw. r.oit I'r rr. -r
dorf have bl.e"ri placed ai t $.1i.i )vl O wNir v.'jhiinr.r r, L.l It hai b-ei thi,- : -.
annually. As other rnotel- ha,. L.'- .f i.' ai"ll: tlirlat einn C- tl, m.'oar ,r
fected new plan.=/ 5 crLertainmient atiil ih: I:. solution Ain-:rri'a ha loai.ht it:
comfort, the W'ial)orf has as,.ltllted \ars, with du Pont potwdAi. In the

thIre' that. .-emei' bc t. and ignored
lMr du P.:rnt a f-.rmenrly the head of
the E I dI P'-.t d Neiioi.ui s Powder
-:Gn.rpan. id J 3ti ll rains an intrre-t
In Lh'u busin,-s V hen r..- rrti'ed
'rom ir F:t n t 'l- ang~nernit .-er tie
jif Uti tiiiii tbIC UU i

War of 11-. wh'-n the e3tablishme
eot ita first real test. It ahoaed thar
its exp.loafr.-e were a? good as those
i which ca3in- from the OI14 World
I n., founder of iiu- tbus.ne-s died In
1.34 iand ni sufn. Vlictrr diu Pont, sur-'
-ee,1d to hi. pc-ition as h.-ard of the.'
firm and to Henry du Pont. w7ho con-
duertcd the finan-r'll rid of the enter-
p.rlir In !%,I.V Henry du P.:.nt became
ti. artl'he ihad of the tbulnesa. Henry
du -r.nt .onJ-. .:l-d tne enterprise
throuhri the Cui d War A which resulted
in gr>:at growth of the b'i'r.nes. In
1'.5 r her. Elugene du Pont took over
tn.- rein', the E. I du Pont de Nemours
Companrv 'as one of the gr .attest .n-
I-. p IS,'s olf the nation. In l'j02 T.
C.:. rnar, d Pont to.',k o-er active man-
ag.ncnt :f the c.-,ripany ard held It
.uritIl L)13. The lbu'inres oprcrated with
.jrn. ,maill nri-ll. It nw)-- has shIty plante
ir. arl-.u [.t]is .:.f in.: Er stern unit-t
.-tate-z Iir buzinie. et.TridJ? to ai;
pri tsf tr, ,orl .
;rr Adu Purt v'a bo:.rn In 1IS ,' In
Lousivilh'l. K:.. He started work as a
millinrg engin.-_r .li..n he w\v.a u years
o.1,1. Ii li'. ti ne '.is l rgly intel restd
;ii coal ailui lij..ii -..I-afnl-3 He sl now
.:r Il-. iieter d st, i i .- 1 r. ntral Coal
.. I Ni . I i. H nrI .

i~ir'i. i ... i H i'i n il U.-ps Mur i I-
..h lll .d 'l _,.. I Ih -; l, l-i *i ;.a v.; !
,_' I 1. i, | h .l |l h Fl h .l"
i' 'i ... ,I,' ,',[" ] J, I i t' -l: L i r ,,i p u l .:c r

,:r.liin" l.'-," i- a- .'ll L I. h AH
r' I l T r. l,.i i ". rJ ''ll ." v:` O !

Motel Ka. mornd. P'Jaindenn. '*aljfornia,
neaw aer.. Lui. 61nnias, rLirocrijl.-Avjt.





fta- foUllwing extracts from an ad-
s recently delivered by Mr. Justice
Ms of WLe supreme court to the law
letss at the University of Florida at
GainesviUe gives valuable bi-storial
data and shows that the wonderful
growth of the state during the last few
ygms is reflected in. the remarkable
iasse in the number of cases taken
to the Supreme Court. The state now
hkis 15 circuit court whereas prior to
191 there were only eight circuit
arts. Said Judge Ellis:
"The bIusiness of the supreme court
Sthis state is increasing. Its busi-
o2m has increased one hundred per
anit in ten years. In 1907 there were
dawcted 165 cases: in 19S, 19- cases;
in 1909, 216 case; 1910. 180 cases;:
0K, 222.cases; 1912; 306- cases; 1913.
2 cames: 1914. 312 eases: 1915. 294
o ;ES 1916, 342 cases; 1917, 930 cases.
Tkte the volume of the supreme
eart reports and examine them for
eaideone of the work which the court
Es now doing and ha- been doing
War twenty-fire years.
"IB~ Vol. 11 was issued .ntaiiing
She decLsions Of this court for the
terms held in 1S64, 65. 66, 67. There
were three justices and 22 cases were
disposed of. Vol. 1.5 contains the de-
islaos of the terms held in 1S74, 73
and 76. Justices Rahdall. Wescott
as= Van Val'kenburg were ,on the bench
112w volume on ntains 742 pages. There
were 49 casMe disposed of. Vol. 21
aisws that uluting the years 18834. S5
and 86 Just.-e Randall, We-cort and
Sa7y disposed of 75 cases For the
S mmary term. 1S91. 31 ca-sies were dis-
osed of. For the June term,- 1993,
isticres Blaney, Taylor and 'Mabry
disposed of 62 cases. For the year
S9IM, Justices Taylor. Mabry and Car-
OAr fsposed of 199 eases, of which
IM wuve disposed of without opinions.
Thin names -are among thcQe who
up to 1897 huilt. for the supreme court
eflrorida itfs. then truly fine reputation
oir f.s able and well considered opin-
Yis. n f'901 Vol. 43 shows that Jus-
Wse Taylor. MIabry and Carter and
S eat' owamnissioners disposed of 157
aes, of which S-I were' disposed 6f
* fiout opiniofis. ,'3 opinions were
grfmrpd. 'In 1902 the same three-
jsiices, and the three court commis-
aiAm-rs disposed of 1710 cases of which
S were disposed of without opinions
ar M' opinions were prepared during
lte year For the January term, sir
ms lbs, 1906. the court consisted of
ax justices, Me.ss. Shacklefod. Whit-
E2, Cockrell, Taylor, .Ho.-ker and
WE.miilL They disposed of one hun-
dMrl and dive cases. 19 were memo-
rafmdum decisions. In 1910 volume 60
alwirs-that for the June term the six
.iSsites disposed of S7. eases of which
i weUre disposed of without opinions.
ft icmes. Whitfield, Sharkleford. Cork-
S!I, Taylor and Hocker disposed of
S raseq of which 1I were memoran-
tam opinions. In' 1916 volume 72
alors [hat djurlng the June term, six
mouths, five justices disposed. of 152
amsna of which .49 were memorauddm
dkexions and 25 were dimis.-ed .upon
masrits, fire justices dispo-)ed cif 152
ippelTnrt For the January term, Msi
miAs, 1917. volume 73 shows that
Mle five justi.-e disposed of 17s cases
*r.w eti l IS were dbspo.ed of without
ay fions. Thij was more. than half
St cases which were lirought to the
wart during the'entire year of 1917.
Mtime as many as were disposed of
:]i &W other time during a similar
galif in the history of the court ex-
ist 1i912. .Sixty times as many as
were' disposed of during a similar
period between 1864-67. Fifteen times
as ununy tas for a similar period be-
fuvs 188S-86. and four times as many
-s for the same .period "in 1897 when
o that year there were 114 memo-
oudam decisions. The brief state-
ment of the court's business shows how
t -ts increast and how the labor has
mesarily increase and been met. It
t nol a record of idleness. But un-
&aflEcdy the work will gradually be-
scmis g-rater than five men consLst-
afty with their strength and health.
eciciently discharge. So I urge you
1un young nren to aid the count by a
airefl preparation of your cases and,
assGI preparation of your tran-
assiit, when you come to' the bar.



McAdoo Orders All Connected

With Government Lines to

Keep Out of the Mesh.


No Officer, Attorney or Employe

Permitted Evan to be Dele-

gate to a Convention..


Director Declares Railroad Activities
In Politics Have Caus,ed Many
Scandals In Past.

Special to The "'FL ViTork Time.
WASHINGTON'. Sept. L-Orders were
imsued tod,.v by Director General Me-.
Adoo that no ofli-:er. attorney. or am-
ploye2" of any railroad system under
Governmnnnt control shall engage in
political acil'.ity and that those who
vl he .lto run for r.olitlial'ofticesa mrut
first resign frontm thlr pre -ent posts.
This action was taken by Mr McAdoo
In vilu.w of ithe arppr.:.achin,; Federal and
State ,I-h.t-insa, .In-luding the primary
contest.. *and the reports, ome -of which
he seemed to reel had foundation in
tact, that railroad organlzailorni and of-
ficals had In the past used their in-
fluence in poilties.
It was a matter of common report."'
he said In this connection. that rail-
roads und.r p-ri.at-e control werT fre-
quently used for partisan political pur-
poses. that rallruad corpo-rationr were
frequently adjuncts of political machbJnes
and that e(-vr sovereign states had been
at tlmrs dom'ninatel. by them.
Contrloutil.nis to:. campaign funds and
the skillful and effective coerclon of em-
ploes were anme of he means by whibtch
it was bllc-ved that many railroads ex-
erted their power and influence in
politics. Scanda-la resulted from such
practices. Lhe public irnt'b.eat was preju-
diced a.nd ihotilty to railr,,ad manage-
menrt wa.s eirg. die.'e.l."
Nc-.w that th-' Gc. ernment controlled
and opLrar.d thL- r."rir.:.a.1s. Mr McAdoo
statPa th.-ree I no indrecrr-nt to o,-
fleers an]d -niplo;-ya t:. ingag In politi.-s.
On the :onrrary. the;. c:.' v a high dury
to the pubil.: scrupuluit.ily to nabtain
ther-frinor "
Mr. McAdoo annotin-ed a-' a d,:fnite
policy of the Unirtei States Rallii.d Ad-
minristration that no officer., attorney. or
employee shall,
I Hold a position a? a member or
offlc'-r of any plliti:nal comn,Ltree or
organization Tli t solRits funds for
pv.--4cal purpose-.
2. Be a dle-ga.te to or Chalrrrman or
officer o :,f any -',itical convention.
3. Soll.it or iec'-.-e funrd- for any
poltih:al purpose or rcontrlbut- to any
poliil,.&l fund corisf.e .ed y n offl, 1l1
or en'pl) :.-r any railrc.,ld or-arv c'f-
ticil ior e-npic.;,- of the Unite.i Stat s
or of any state.
4. A.-um' :- cr conduct of any polit-
tcal can.psigrn.
5 Att-nript to :c.-rcer or Intimidate
notb,.r offie- r or .-mpl';.e in the ex-
er:i-i of t i rigrt. of ~' ufrsage. Vi.-
atlon of tiliu will result an immediate
irimB- sil fr'um tdle S vice.
ti. Become a candidate for any polit-
Ical uffrce. Membsrn-i.chip on a lo.'al
school or pa-ri; b..-are- will not be -on-
atruid as a Drpc-li.:'-i ofl't-:e. Those
de-siring to rin f:f-r pot,AiLj.'.Ii of't.:. or
to mnsirse a p eliti campaign must
mniredii.:]y -s:,.. r, :r re!rr &"rnr.-~Tton
with tJh U nilte-k r _tl.c R ailrdi. S i'. -

T ani sur..'." .Ir M cA-r.- .: t-i, d.
tha t I I .an C-un l i i l.j .. ,l: ,.,)op*t r-
ation ...i all iri.-'-' -.t.- t con .. an,] em-n-
.10o.i-5 senE '- l In tirl C*-L-*.r. tiL.-n o' the
allroaj a unutd r F ,d. al ci .1o ntr.i.i, to
'arry out Ill letter an]d piritL .n poli,-'y
oere arinounctd. This poiicy is Intended
to10 seur to all of thf.na freedom of
actionn In th-, axerclse of their tuid'.Idual
political iliita, and, at the =imurr tms,.
to prevent any form of hurtful or per-
olcious pColti,.al acLtvity.vA
L.et us dc-monstrate to the American
people that under Federal control rail-
road officers, attorneys, and employes
cannot b, made a part of any politUrical
machine nor be used for any organized
partJlan. or se'l3.1n purpose.
L.t us set uci, a higla standard of H
public duty and .'ers-ice that it will be
rorh~y oi general --n'uiaion. HI
-- 'iitiatiii.Li

LK..li..I Apl.t. K;, April ; --A .stte-
1m.int i s ld h l- r...ni, ht thr .ugh pli:.'-
..ins at.ding Henry waIterson,
e'ditr i:. ih i'.:.ui :r-J..'irrral. w h; Is
iii at a ,',.- he.-,pital. ay3' "The sre-
1r, of a-' a il ''i painful .:.per-
a;ilon' ur..:.n Mlr vitterS,_n ;t Norr.;r n
M'I mrio i ,nC.inamr;.- ha.e bErt-it i)3
heli;vedl Lw e, -fl'ull:,. .:.-nipleted a' d
the r. i- h! p.. i' .:.r .n rlial entire ri
i''. t tough t n ;ll be i ln ]' z tint
%-,t h r'.:.re lih- oult .f the hospitAl.."

N-v- :-itrk. Apri;i --Pr-licemrren arnd
d est..ltiv s.- acting undJ r :.rd rs fr,:,om
Di{trlr.t Att-orn~. Svi'anii. t-an at
riidnight th._ iurlh Suni-i av nirrinig
ra.di ini- Mr Sw.eann declared war on
'..e ,a d j I 1i i in this .:,it," One or
th1 chi,-f oni.: r .v f -C thi lat.?-s rai-i.
It wa -ad.J. to: r-.:. nd ur. pEr-r.:.ns s-11-
S IlqiJ':' i .: i So, ld =r,' and s'ilcrs
Mla".or 1H .'In -.- rt eltt r t... D ;str. t
Att,:orn:-y Swanr. today >:c.ongratulatina
li'm uip n h;s EfY.-'tr t.. rid thie 11 .:. '
,- anrd .rrn,- 'The ,-ntir. p',li,-'
d- ap3i tniert ; -'t .':iir com.) mand t.i
11al1 i Ne-." Y -oi k the clean.st. ni,,.t
v. hol C-fi and sae-St city in this
c.i-uritr'-." s'id th- rnat-ora' letter.

LEFT $20,000 "ESTATE.
rletrolt. Mi-.i Apri '.; -_mri w oman
kiic-wn to r.- .1i-ji, thr-. ll'i sr'n m .rn--"
h ii a yea'r L ni'rh '-ekinra to r,,.,-..-
', aller ,dt. It, a l e r.f-en str Ir trr.rn
p1.ti,. rn.-d t .- -r'. v ,i:, .'.v r- d1 dau V.-
ter or" i- .1 .- i pian nicinc qcue-rtiorn.d
in conrn tionn v itr. h.: a'. Bi aS the
as.' Illh c-r.-.- :uL:.r ojYci,.- t..:nj hr ra~i.-
lilale,-. e:l ,' or.iier nt l ii th ni N t,-I \
-urrrundirn HI-elmnutlh Schm.dt S.ch-i'idt
."'o took hi.s -.vn i life i h,,: .iI Ii ,
after hi, arrest in <,..itEt,.n v;th ihi.
death onf Auuta Stelint..'h or Niv
York. left an E'V.-[tt L alue-l at appr*.*.l-
mately I;*), 'l, it nas tatrd

---.. .. . r.1

-War Finaline corporationio n AjnIiu'"F.I.,-
Plans to Mlake Loans in W'est.
Plans bavie btcn *omrnplfred for financing
%t,- catT.le irnd'itry with go'-trn men-l I
L funds. hi '- ar r1na nc, ccrporatllon an-
noun-. d last rL.J ihri Th, t.o.rd rtnie *,
con' tfi LeB in the Kan .a C!L.V anid '-alias
Fed-':r i -r e r,.e i ,lsrric'ts iI L ich till hav'
chl' rg,? rof t' ..- catrie i irs i their re-pc.'-
live Lt rrtI'o 3.
MeniLrrs r.f the Kansas City ,-ommirtce
-r.'i As. E IUa.ni3say, cha rra in; J. Z.
.!....j' jr., Aj t -NMc lura. of Ka-ipsa? :. ..Fn
* urnesa F. C DL.in.' ll. If 1 'N1 I. N,:br, 'arri
., H i'i "', of Kan sas y. Tie 'Dallas
,! c rntrirtr.- 'n re W'. F am-;.~ay, RP. L.
an Zarn.dr and M S :rs. i. .of L'aial -, H.
: Jour- or Tiu.:J r._ .ri nN i\'Ix. di. \" '
H Bro'. lnara, ir, i!, Pef:r T..X


Campaign to Be Held ('l'ritrlas Jointly I
With Tubercalon-is A-s'oc.iation.
Th-. -\rnriEcan R.'d i Cross Christmas
membership campaign tl.la ye'-r Ill be
.-Ield in eroor.-ratl-.n th t.he Natonr,lTu-
b' erculsi-a 4 ociatl.,n, hiT.h at Christ-
m n'? timer rconduirt a canpaignr for the
sl le:f Chris'ntmai sai
This ye .r no ceais ill be put on sale,
but cahl ne. rne-iner J.aining, the Rel
Cr.:.s r'.11l be.- giver a 'Iillnlts niunmb r of
seals and thA. R.d Cr'ou iv ill flna.nce the


Daniels Name! Board, and Directs That j
Seniorit. Shall Not Rule.
.B3ardp to re.ccirr .nd for prrrrnntoion of-
filer of th \t ious c'-rps .:. the na. y
wero nani,:d ;er'rstrday by Secre tary Dan-
Fo.;t:'-tour ternrorary and 132' perma-
tent rrr'mo, 1' are to be nade in '.-
,ntrritlon r, i c'I 'gi-e- rl- pay. me i..
nd crnpltil ,'uorL p :-.:c ra ,' DL a'iIs a.-
:re:te. thatr lc.rgth of service shall r.r-
LtearmjiLe DromotJon.


Mrs. Perot. Stockholder, AIeges
$15,000,000 Fraud in Bonuses.
Fprc lol n Tir- .'.'.:. 3"..' : Times.
W'ILMINGTON. Del AprIl 5 -A $13.-
O'W ,fi i t i.:n]]E.I,,r'I 5 Eur i.a.s brought in
ti.e i.trdi.ed States CLi i.t i.'.-urt In this
ci a tL'day acalnst Pn-L l 'r .. l.I Pr'..nt.
PFrsid'er.t of E I du P,.-nt .1.' Neitaour-
& Co'. end -r enteaEn i.i. i EDlr,,rtrs of
that $24',i''"'NeJ.i"'i ,.rpora ti.a. Tle die-
rfendaqis aie ai-c.usej.l cf la'ng. nhmap-
p ro p ria tad rii] a e t r.- ',t m ,n:,'rt f-r th e
rur.''an- c.it' T: given it. empl'ei,es as
bon', ,-i arn.. I 13 inat mut rrJl -of
bIn toc:: so Jiirrthi.ured v.e.nt I[-. the rDl-
-re-.'t.ra tlems,.-nii 2.Ir. Iicanor 'Iu
Pr'nr P'.-ror of nr,,'aia',nn PIladiA.j-
illha. 1: thi, *-r.rmplajnr-.r in die suit. -he
.t represert.j Lb Jol.a, -' .J. ni oni .
Helniy P. Bro" r'.. arn.] .ili .ar, A Gla.3-
Sgo-,r- Jr.. of Phiil'id.Jpila a & Rob'vrt
Perlington o-f 1iaI lrin;.t,:'n.
TacilVe of th.. On P-'oi, 'nt..iSpaiy Di-
rectors irn.-l'.':d ii (ih.' hlgallon ar'-
al.o jc nd" nt'J ll n I li ithr ,i.i in'I'I i
Pont ut.l .:l-ho]d i.' suit .i ri j rig .t '.."
Philip F. du P.-.-. f M.-rl.:., Pi-mi an.i
,thl-r n In r-e,:-niL' r, !Il', in tlhe Il-a -
InlTai.'d SIt. dc i.O ti I in ihic'ri- ha. l' bee.'
e rei-c iid r.r 'rnia, v -k'. uin deir'l l-
nate, r:".--QL -si-.i.t dlo .tdrtead-gE -tie
r & [n ,:Jr i.:.,itiiri V .' F"-i q l in. r-r rt.h'in-
ell' a: hu ,:- LI'.: :I -:f -rn, fr vh ,'h
t'ie ..orpD-.a r,ont Itsa i r- b:du- llltegotlia-
The.? :'ns lr ,:, to d fi au-J th.e <:.*m -
patny, a--co,'ding t.- th.- 1ill of c.-im plaint
filed todav. wa-.z in pr rt as foll.:,i -
T'he s.'liire :lonstt d Jn lthe exp:-nrli-
ru tle anr en ,rr.rn ,r'i an.-'iinL :[r the
iii.. i f of thi compl'' I itn the f-iqu-i tlinton
'f 8iharieF. Of el'l; Of h" t','mnipany
f'l.r thl. purp-.:.? .-f dell'ering the s.ame
.:o Derson. in r ho.Fc p.s:s.5.n the c-r-
tiFicates fo. r fl'i,? l-ares+ -lil.uji remain,
ilthi r.uthor ,it. to fiel '"- r tlit sane atf
-uini future 'in-me '.:. rie-i'Jf'.?-nidants3-R
bornuse?. in additi-.n to th.t rg-.allas' Ial-
ar)ea paid rv Lie coL'rlpan. to sa&l ulli-
i te i- nefilir le -,. ith bvn'jruses? b.-iar
i eT,-fly in e -- f :'': the reasonRble '.'al-je-
,," the .e -i,..-?u i:-f til respeeth e bene-
The p',urp.o-.o int ended tLo be a.eo n-
plilheid b the dist iabution of the s.li-a
t.hu a>.-iIled witha thiu f'un.3 ofn tit
corporation i'fi not olv fr-' ii I:ulni
to beniefit thr- drjf-ncant Dir--.toti ;t 1-i
wer-'e t t -- t i r.eit.L-ile t of .-rt i .n
rniournt of sal. aliared. but to plac- a
3-a'rg' amount ,., ihaur*-s o01 tat' coir-eroi'
in th.- i' ',da of thoe.- wlhoue fnt' ra"lle
FCtiuC- ti-: d, l'erirlantt n 'i-l.J hus 1..
ALt:l.' to influ.roct and coni rrl."
Th" .onipl Tair.n t-a ,- nt-k rti,.t t.- -...- it
- -inp,- the iidr-f-r :ti a ia i1 cl.), T -
tLi]Tl [- 1 '' I le I I Cl Jr', 0' ll-ip r.:''.l l I .0n -
p nrt" Itlnr- tITncO Itit. ... .:,'1;." rIill ,i.-
pl oprilttd ti r-ur'-:1"1i tne Iorn uj
ltoel. 7 ith inter',l os a! th e.\ (ii
Jar.'. tMr. FI-' "l a1.,) J mninlT tit thI-
I'lfenda in e r I- nriUiI d to3 maaie full
ilri oeia r ..,r th Lw.it. u stock tral ,ia6 .J
Lna 1lHit ha"- i rec:-? -ct d Le'l.: during 1
tw.*o Ie i t. II

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