PRESIDENT HARRY S.
DECEMBER 6, 1947
EVERGLADES NATIONAL PARK
DECEMBER 6, 1947
THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR
U. S. SENATOR CLAUDE PEPPER
U. S. SENATOR' SPESSARD L. HOLLAND
GOVERNOR MILLARD F. CALDWELL
AUGUST BURGHARD JOHN D. PENNEKAMP
Ceremonies at Florida City, December 5, 1947,
first day of issue of the Everglades National
Park three cent Postage Stamp.
John D. Pennekamp, Presiding
INVOCATION . . .
SELECTION . . . . .
INTRODUCING ERNEST F. COE and
OTHER DISTINGUISHED GUESTS .
PRESENTATION OF ROYAL PALM STATE Pi
Mrs. W. S. Jennings and Mrs
SELECTION . . .
REMARKS . . . .
REMARKS . . . . .
PRESENTATION OF AREA TO NATION
DEDICATION . . . . .
ADDRESS . . .
BENEDICTION . . . .
STAR SPANGLED BANNER . . .
Wah Nese Red
. . .. Deaconess Harriett Bedell
. . Fort Myers High School Band
. . . .. August Burghard
.L. J. MCaffrey to Mr. Newton P. Drury
. . Fort Myers High School Band
. . .. Senator Claude Pepper
S. . Senator Spessard L. Holland
. . Governor Millard F. Caldwell
Secretary of the Interior Julius A. Krug
. The President of the United States
. . . . Rev. E. A. Finn
. . Fort Myers High School Band
DEACONESS HARRIETT BEDELL
Almighty God, Whose never-failing Providence ordereth
all things in Heaven and earth, we praise Thee and thank
Thee for Thy gifts of the wonders and beauties of nature
-that Thou hast put it into the heart of man to preserve
some of the beautiful places of the iarth beautiful
birds, and animals, and rare plants that through man's
selfishness and commercial greed they may not become
Bless, we pray Thee, this park we are dedicating today.
May it be a haven not only for the wild life, but where
we may find the beauties and peace of nature where
we may go apart from the hurry and anxieties of this life.
We especially thank Thee for the approval and presence
of our President, President Truman. May he have wisdom
and strength to know and do Thy will.
Give grace and wisdom, we pray Thee, to those who are
furthering the ideals of this park, that it may be a place
of joy and pleasure.
May all who visit it be drawn nearer to God and get a
glimpse of His peace and majesty amid the changing social
order of the world.to-day.
We ask all this through Him who brought peace and
goodwill into the world at the first Christmas time, our
Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.
JOHN D. PENNEKAMP
We are here to dedicate the Everglades National Park, the twenty-eighth in
the United States System. In its present, undeveloped state, it is geologically, bio-
logically and horticulturally one of the finest. In its ultimate development it will
justify the great and generous faith of our people in making it available to the
We are highly honored by the presence here to participate in these ceremonies,
of the President of the United States; the distinguished Secretary of the Interior,
the Honorable Julius A. Krug; Florida's Senators, the Honorable Claude Pepper
and the Honorable Spessard L. Holland, who have contributed so much to the
progress which led to today's historic assembly in this tropical setting; and the
Governor of Florida, the Honorable Millard F. Caldwell, whose administration
always will be known as that in which the fulfillment of this State's twenty-year
dream of a National Park was achieved.
Music on this program will be by the Fort Myers High School Band, and,
because the circumstances of this program may make an introduction at a later time
impossible, I should like to present at this time Wah Nese Red Rock, who will be
the soloist when the Star Spangled Banner is played.
The Fort Myers High School Band, under the direction of Frank Lodwick,
will now play Florida's State Song, "Suwannee River."
Band Plays "SUWANNEE RIVER"
Isn't that well done and inspiring?
The Everglades National Park was brought into being by the Everglades Na-
tional Park Commission, an official State agency created by the Legislature some
eighteen years ago. The able and industrious chairman of that commission is Mr.
August Burghard, whom I am proud to present.
Neighbors and Friends:
We, of the Everglades National Park Commission, feel that it is important that
you know the people assembled on this platform. Here before you are many of
the leaders of Florida. People who control and mold the destiny of the Peninsular
State. Here, also, are national and international figures. They are a picturesque
and interesting-as well as a potent group. Only such an important event as the
Dedication of the Twenty-eighth National Park could have brought them together
here at Everglades.
Rigid time limitations forbid that we hear from these distinguished guests.
Nor will I have the pleasure to expand on whom and what they are. But we do
want to see them. To know them. And we want to acknowledge our appreciation
of their presence here today.
As I call their names I want them to rise.
First I want you to meet a gentleman who has worked on this Park for many
years. He is a former landscape engineer. He has been called by some the "Daddy
of the Everglades Park." Certainly, Mr. Coe has been identified with the Park
for decades, and through his personal efforts and through his Association, he has
brought it to the attention of many. And we are glad at this time to present to
you "the grand old man of the Everglades National Park"-the Honorable Ernest
Next, you must meet the man who will run the Park. Naturalist, conserva-
tionist, ornithologist, writer, amateur, artist-"the grand young man and the new
superintendent of the new Everglades National Park"-Daniel B. Beard.
Here, representing the Legislature of the State of Florida are the Honorable
Scott D. Clarke, President of the Senate, and the Honorable Thomas D. Beasley,
Speaker of the House.
From the Supreme Court of Florida is Chief Justice Elwyn Thomas.
From Governor Caldwell's Cabinet are the Secretary of State, R. A. Gray; the
Attorney General, J. Tom Watson; the Comptroller, C. M. Gay; the Superintendent
of Education, Colin English; the Commissioner of Agriculture, Nathan Mayo;
and the State Treasurer, J. Edwin Larsen.
Members of the Everglades Drainage Board are Chairman Dewey Hilsabeck,
Miami; Sam Chastain, Palm Beach; Jess Durrence, Brighton; Louis Fisher, Pom-
pano; and Jim Beardsley, of Clewiston.
Among your local hosts are Commissioner D. Graham Copeland, Chairman of
the Collier County Board of County Commissioners; Commissioner Charles Crandon
of Dade County; and Commissioner Eduardo 'Gomez of Monroe County. And here
are Barron Collier, Jr., Miles Collier and Sam C. Collier, sons of the founder of
Collier County, Barron C. Collier.
And now to jump to Washington, we have Representative Robert Sikes, mem-
ber of Congress; Representative Joe Hendricks; Representative George A. Smathers.
And here are the Honorable J. Mark Wilcox, President of Ernest Coe's Park
Association, and Pat Cannon, former members of Congress, both of whom were
tremendously helpful in advancing the cause of the Park during their terms in
Here is Joseph M. Cheatham, President of the Historical Association of South-
ern Florida, and President of Miami Pioneers, Inc.
Next, from Washington, Mr. Newton P. Drury, Director of the National
Park Service; Thomas J. Allen, Regional Director, National Park Service from
Richmond, Va.; Ray Vinten, of the Park Service, National Monuments, of St.
Augustine; Albert Day, Fish and Wildlife Service; Mrs. W. S. Jennings, of Jack-
sonville, and early President of the Florida Federation of Woman's Clubs; and
Mrs. L. J. McCaffrey, present President of the Florida Federation of Women's
Clubs; and Mrs. T. V. Moore, a past President of the Florida Federation of Wom-
en's Clubs, and like Mrs. Jennings, a member of the Everglades National Park
Now I want to present Mr. John S. Knight, publisher of the Miami Herald,'
and of newspapers in Chicago, Detroit and Ohio; and Mr. Dan Mahoney, general
manager of the Miami Daily News.
Here is Attorney Paul R. Scott, of Miami, the man who first suggested the
idea for an Everglades National Park stamp and carried on the negotiations which
resulted in its acceptance.
Also present is I. N. Parrish, First Vice President of the National Association
of Travel Officials and manager of the Miami Beach Chamber of Commerce.
Next is C. Kay Davis, of Fort Lauderdale, who headed the Federal Soil Con-
servation project, and is an authority on the soils of the Glades. Kay Davis and
his knowledge and his maps and his cooperativeness, has been of great help to
the Park Commission.
John Baker, of New York, the great head of the great Audobon Society, is
here. His organization helped preserve values here until the Federal Park people
could take over.
Theodore Pratt, author of "The Barefoot Mailman," who wrote the Saturday
Evening Post article about Ernest Coe and the Park, and who has brought this
Park to the attention of millions, is here.
Also, Marjorie Stoneman Douglass, author of the new book, "The Everglades,
River of Grass," important in the Rivers of America series.
Now as I approach the end of my introductions, I want you to meet the
members of the Everglades National Park Commission. This group, named by
Governor Caldwell less than two years ago, and serving unselfishly and without
pay, from all parts of the state, have brought this Park into its present state of
actuality. Here are Karl Bickel, Sarasota; Gen. Albert H. Blanding, Bartow; Carl
Brorein, Tampa; Harold Colee, Jacksonville; D. Graham Copeland, Everglades;
Mrs. Joseph L. Gray, Lake City; Joe Hall, Tallahassee; Carl Hanton, Fort Myers;
Fayette Holland, Jacksonville; Mrs. W. S. Jennings, Jacksonville; A. Cliff Johnson,
Pensacola; J. Kennard Johnson, Miami; Dr. E. C. Lunsford, Miami; Mrs. Gillen
McClure, Apopka; A. B. Michael, Wabasso; Mrs. T. V. Moore, Miami;'John D.
Pennekamp, Miami; Richard D. Pope, Winter Haven; Nelson P. Poynter, St.
Petersburg; Leonard K. Thomson, Miami; G. G. Ware, Leesburg; Norberg Thomp-
son, Key West; and our Managing Director Gilbert Leach, of Leesburg and Miami;
Mr. and Mrs. Meyer, from the Everglades Park office; the Honorable Will M.
Preston, Miami, our distinguished Commission attorney; and McGregor Smith,
President of the Florida Power and Light Co., and Chairman of our Dedication
Now that you have seen so many of these men, I think that I will just ask
the handsome women who are their wives to stand and be seen, and recognized
by you. I am sorry that I could not present each of these charming ladies to you
Next, we are going to bring one of our own Commission members, the wife
of a former Governor of Florida, and a distinguished member of the Florida Fed-
eration of Garden Clubs, and the present President of the Florida Federation, Mrs.
L. J. McCaffrey, to the microphone to make the official presentation of the Royal
State Park to Mr. Newton Drury, Director of the National Park Service. Mrs. W.
S. Jennings, of Jacksonville, and Mr. Drury.
PRESENTATION OF PLAQUE
And here is the first lady of Florida, Mrs. Millard Caldwell; Mrs. Louise F.,
Maclay, from beautiful Killearn Gardens at Tallahassee; and Mrs. Elwell Thomas,
wife of the Chief Justice of the Florida Supreme Court.
Finally, I want to advise you in more detail as to your Master of Ceremonies. I
am turning the program back to a man who has worked, and fought, and dreamed,
and spoken, and hoped for an Everglades National Park for years. He has played
an important part on our Everglades Park Commission, and has served as Chair-
man of our all-important Legislative Committee. He is John D. Pennekamp.
Mr. Pennekamp: Thank you, Chairman Burghard.
Mr. President, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen: I am
happy to present Florida's Senior Senator, and long a stalwart advo-
cate and supporter of the Everglades National Park project.
REMARKS BY SENATOR PEPPER
Amid these scenes of enchanting interest today the President of the United
States and the Governor of Florida rededicate to nature and to the people, this
vast area of half a million acres which has ever been nature's majestic own.
Hereafter and for all time it belongs only to nature, to nature's God, and to
the American people. For today this primeval expanse, containing vast areas where
white man has never set foot, becomes the twenty-eighth national park-the Ever-
glades National Park.
It will be the only such tropical park in all the land. Here more than
1,000,000 visitors soon will come each year to enjoy this marvelous museum of
They will see the crocodile, the giant manatee, the alligator, the white tail
deer, and 700 varieties of aquatic creatures. They will see the white egret and
the roseate spoonbill, the wood ibis, the flamingo, the heron.
Too, they will see the world's tallest mangrove trees and fourteen miles of
virgin beaches; a constellation of sparkling lakes, streams, bays, and inaccessible
swamps in this river of grass the Everglades.
We wish to express our thanks and gratitude to the President of the United
States, not only for his'great and strong interest in the success of this project but
for the immeasurable compliment of his personal appearance here today; to the
Secretary of the Interior, to the National Park Service, and to the Governor and
his cabinet and Legislature of Florida; to others too numerous to mention whose
determined and untiring services have brought at long last to the people of this
State and this country, this tropical monument of nature.
And now to the people's Federal Government and to the National Park Service
we happily commit the protection and care of this rare and beauteous treasure for
the health and happiness of all the American people.
May it long be a comforting refuge to those who seek inspiration and satis-
faction at the shrines of nature.
Mr. Pennekamp: Thank you, Senator Pepper.
Our next speaker has made monumental contributions to the
Everglades National Park, as Governor of Florida, and as our Sen-
ator-the Honorable Spessard Holland.
REMARKS BY SENATOR HOLLAND
President Truman, Governor Caldwell, Secretary Krug, ladies and gentlemen:
The presence here of the President of the United States and the Secretary of the
Interior to dedicate the Everglades National Park shows clearly the importance
which the Federal Government gives to this newest of national parks-the Nation's
only subtropical park. Mr. President and Mr. Secretary, the thousands of Florid-
ians, both officials and private citizens, who have, through the years, worked
together to make possible the grants of State land and State money by which the
creation of this park was made possible are deeply grateful to you for your unfail-
ing interest and assistance, as well as for your coming here today.
Aside from the public and civic agencies which have functioned so effectively
in Florida in the long effort to create a great national park, I feel that this is the
appropriate time to call public attention, with gratitude, to the big parts played
by two great organizations, the Florida Federation of Women's Clubs and the
National Audubon Society. The club women acquired, thirty-one years ago, the
royal palm hammock and preserved it against the destruction which occurred in
most of our other stands of native royal palms. As a result the royal palm ham-
mock, recently deeded to the Federal Government, has become part of the park,
bringing to the park the most majestic royal palms in our Nation along with many
other native subtropical trees.
The Audubon Society supplied the supervision, the equipment, and the war-
dens by whose efforts, beginning in 1901, many species of the incomparable bird,
animal, and fish life of the park region were safeguarded and, in some instances,
saved from extinction. The thousands of Florida club women and the tens of
thousands of Audubon members throughout the Nation have every right to feel
happy today that their devoted efforts have borne such good fruit.
I sincerely hope that the National Park Service which now begins its patient
labor of years to safeguard this immense wilderness and at the same time make it
subject to visitation and enjoyment by millions of citizens will have the continuing
ardent support of these two great organizations as well as the sympathetic interest
and backing of lovers of nature everywhere and of the entire American public.
Mr. Pennekamp: Thank you, Senator Holland.
It is a high .distinction at this time to present the man whose
direction and resourcefulness brought the Park into being during his
term as Governor of Florida-the Honorable Millard F. Caldwell.
presentation of Cark
GOVERNOR MILLARD F. CALDWELL
In making this formal presentation of what may well become the Nation's
most popular and unique national park area, it is fitting that due recogintion be
accorded those who have been responsible for the accomplishment.
It is not possible within this brief moment to identify all of the individuals,
groups, and organizations whose interest and efforts have been unceasing to this
end, but they must know that their services are appreciated. Among those who
have labored effectively and are entitled to especial mention are the President, the
Secretary of the Interior and other Federal officials, Ernest Coe and his Association,
the Everglades National Park Commission, Florida's delegation in the Congress,
and the members of the Florida cabinet. It is worthy of note that ten sessions of
the Florida Legislature and five of Florida's governors have unstintingly supported
The State of Florida has contributed more toward the creation of this national
park than any other State of the Nation has contributed toward the establishment
of any other national park. We have given hundreds of thousands of acres of
state-owned land and $2,000,000 in cash to the Federal Government to assist in
the park's creation.
We are confident that the marvelous attractions of the area, together with the
operating plans of the Park Service, will result in the bringing of a multitude of
visitors to Florida and redound to the mutual benefit of the Nation and of the
And now, Mr. President and Mr. Secretary, in presenting this area to the
Nation, Florida wants you to know that it is given in token of our desire to be
ever closer bound to the commonwealth of states and to further cement the good
will of all of the people of the Nation. We leave its future in your hands, con-
fident that it will be administered with the same wisdom and progressive good
judgment which has characterized your administration.
Mr. Pennekamp: Ladies and gentlemen, the Secretary of the
Interior, the Honorable Julius A. Krug.
'Acceptance of dke 1ark
SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR
Mr. President, Governor Caldwell, Mr. Pennekamp, distinguished guests, ladies
and gentlemen: As Secretary of the Interior, it is my pleasure to accept, on behalf
of the Federal Government, this world famous area as a generous gift to the
Nation from the people of Florida and formally dedicate it as Everglades National
Park-the twenty-eighth in our great system of'national parks.
I cannot pass up this opportunity to express the thanks and appreciation of the
Federal Government and, I think, the people all over the country for the unselfish
and persistent efforts of the many civic organizations and the thousands of Florida
citizens who have assisted in making this dedication possible. I had hoped to
name these organizations and these individuals, but I find the complete list almost
endless, as it includes the many, many public-spirited, conservation-minded people
of your State. I want you to know, however, that never in my experience have I
witnessed such complete all-out cooperation between private and public organiza-
tions and between public servants and private citizens-all motivated by the same
vital national purpose. Every member of your congressional delegation has joined
in this fight. Your able Governor has devoted much of his time and energy to
its leadership ih the State and in Washington-and your State legislature has
demonstrated remarkable statesmanship in keeping important State responsibilities
in proper perspective to broader interests of the Nation as a whole.
Without making a formal speech at this historic occasion, I wish to emphasize
that the Federal Government and the Department of the Interior appreciate their
new responsibilities and will carry forward-arm in arm with you-the work
remaining to be done, to the end that these beautiful Everglades will become not
just another reservation of 'public land but, as it should be, a new and brilliant
gem in our exciting chain of national parks with its unusual attractions second
In this endeavor, we are fortunate to have a national leader who really under-
stands conservation and loves our national parks. Ladies and gentlemen, the
President of the United States.
The President was given a long ovation.
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
Not often in these demanding days are we able to lay aside the problems of
the time, and turn to a project whose great value lies in the enrichment of the
human spirit. Today we make the achievement of another great conservation
victory. We have permanently safeguarded an irreplaceable primitive area. We
have assembled to dedicate to the use of all the people for all time, the Everglades
Here in Everglades City we can savor the .atmosphere of this beautiful tropical
area. Southeast of us lies the coast of the Everglades Park, cut by islands and
estuaries of the Gulf of Mexico. Here are deep rivers, giant groves of colorful
mangrove trees, prairie marshes and innumerable lakes and streams.
In this park we shall preserve tarpon, trout, and pompano, bear, deer, and
crocodiles-and rare birds of great beauty. We shall protect hundreds of kinds of
wildlife which might otherwise soon be extinct.
The benefits our Nation will derive from this dedication will outlast the
youngest of us. They will increase with the passage of years. Few actions could.
make a more lasting contribution to the enjoyment of the American people than
the establishment of the Everglades National Park.
Our national park system is a clear expression of the idealism of the American
people. Without regard for sectional rivalries or for party politics, the Nation
has advanced constantly in the last seventy-five years in the protection of its natural
beauties and wonders.
The success of our efforts to conserve the scenery and wildlife of the country
can .be measured in popular use. The national park system covers but a fraction
of one per cent of the area of the United States, but over 25,000,000 of our
fellow countrymen have visited our national parks within the past year. Each
citizen returned to his home with a refreshed spirit and a greater appreciation of
the majesty and beauty of our country.
These are the people's parks, owned by young and old, by those in the cities
and those on the farms. Most of them are ours today because there were Americans
many years ago who exercised vision, patience and unselfish devotion in the battle
EVERGLADES DIFFERENT FROM ALL OTHER PARKS
Each national park possesses qualities distinctive enough to make its preserva-
tion a matter of concern to the whole Nation. Certainly, this Everglades area has
more than its share of features unique to these United States. Here are no lofty
peaks seeking the sky, no mighty glaciers .or rushing streams wearing away the
uplifted land. Here is land, tranquil in its quiet beauty, serving not as the source
of water but as the last receiver of it. To its natural abundance we owe the spec-
tacular plant and animal life that distinguishes this place from all others in our
S Our park system also embraces such national shrines as Jamestown Island,
the Statue of Liberty, and the battlefields of Yorktown and Gettysburg. These
historic places-as much as the scenic areas-also need to be protected with all
the devotion at our command in these days when we are learning again the im-
portance of an understanding loyalty to our national heritage.
Our parks are but one part of the national effort to conserve our natural
resources. Upon these resources our life as a Nation depends. Our high level of
employment and our extraordinary production are being limited by scarcities in
some items of our natural wealth. This is the time to develop and replenish our
Conservation has been practiced for many decades and preached for many
more, yet only in recent years has it become plain that we cannot afford to conserve
in a haphazard or piecemeal manner. No part of our conservation program can
be slighted if we want to make full use of our resources and have full protection
against future emergencies.
If we waste our minerals by careless mining and processing, we shall not be
able to build the machinery to till the land. If we waste the forests by careless
lumbering we shall lack housing and construction materials for factory, farm, and
mine. If we waste the water through failure to build hydroelectric plants, we
shall burn our reserves of coal and oil needlessly. If we waste our soil through
erosion and failure to replenish our fields, we shall destroy the source of our
Each conservation need is dependent on the others. A lashed and burned
forest brings erosion of uplands and fills downstream reservoirs with silt so that
water power is lessened and irrigated farms lose their water supplies. Eroded
farm lands contribute to devastating floods. Uncontrolled rivers mean lost elec-
tricity, farms without water, and perennial and increasing flood danger.
To maintain our natural wealth we must engage in full and complete con-
servation of all our resources.
Full conservation of our energy resources can be accomplished by continued
construction of dams, hydroelectric plants and transmission lines; by greater use
of natural gas, by research for more efficient methods of extraction of coal and oil,
and by exploration for new resources.
CONSERVATION SEEN AS VITAL NECESSITY
In forests, conservation can be achieved by adhering to the principle of sus-
tained yield and forest management so that timber is harvested each year just as
other crops are. 'This should be true for both privately owned and publicly owned
In farm land, conservation can be achieved by expanding and intensifying the
many soil-conservation practices developed by our agricultural technicians to sustain
productivity. The area of irrigated land can be expanded materially with new
reclamation projects. Range lands in the West can be protected by the control of
erosion and by the enforcement of safe limits on the number of grazing stock.
In minerals, we can come closer to the proper balance with increased effi-
ciency in extraction and with scientific exploration for new reserves. When ores
contain several minerals, we should extract all the useful products and waste none.
Despite a bounteous nature, this country has never been selfsufficient in all min-
erals. We have always imported minerals to meet these deficiencies and we must
continue to do so.
In water, we need to prevent further dropping of the water table, which in
many areas is dangerously low. Surface water must be stored, and ground water
used in such a way as to cause the least depletion. Although the water level is
high now here in the Everglades, there has been damage from a lowered fresh-
water table, and during the war, fires raged through the Glades-fires fed by dry
grass which should have been covered by water.
The battle for conservation cannot be limited to the winning of new con-
quests. Like liberty itself, conservation must be fought for unceasingly to protect
Public lands and parks, our forests, and our mineral reserves, are subject to
many destructive influences. We have to remain constantly vigilant to prevent
raids by those who would selfishly exploit our common heritage for their private
gain. Such raids on our natural resources are not examples of enterprise and
initiative. They are attempts to take from all the people for the benefit of a few.
As always in the past when the people's property has been threatened, men
and women whose primary concern has been their country's welfare have risen to
oppose these selfish attacks. We can be thankful for their efforts, as we can be
grateful for the efforts of citizens, private groups, local governments, and the State
of Florida which, joined in common purpose, have made possible the establish-
ment of the Everglades National Park.
The establishment of this park is an object lesson and an example to the
entire Nation that sound conservation depends upon the joint endeavors of the
people and their several governments. Responsibility is shared by the town, the
State, and the Federal Government; by societies and legislatures and all lovers
WISDOM ESSENTIAL TO NATION'S FUTURE
No man can know every element that makes a nation great, when people, the
daily cooperation, the helpfulness of one citizen to another are elements. A nation's
ability to provide a good living for its people in industry, business, and on the
farm is another. The intelligent recognition by its citizens of a nation's responsi-
bility for world order, world peace, and world recovery is still another.
The wise use of our natural resources is the foundation of our effectiveness
in all these efforts.
The problems of peace, like those of war, require courage and sustained
effort. If we wish this Nation to remain prosperous, if we wish it still to be
"the home of the free," we can have it so. But, if we fail to heed the lesson of
other nations which have permitted their natural resources to be wasted and
destroyed, then we shall reap a sorry harvest.
And for conservation of the human spirit, we need places such as Everglades
National Park, where we may be more keenly aware of our Creator's infinitely
varied, infinitely beautiful, and infinitely bountiful handiwork. Here we may draw
strength and peace of mind from our surroundings.
Here we can truly understand what the psalmist meant when he sang: "He
maketh me to lie down in green pastures. He leadeth me beside the still waters;
He restoreth my soul."
"THE STAR SPANGLED BANNER"
Mr. Pennekam p: The Fort Myers High School Band supplied
that stirring music, and we are grateful to Wah Nese Red Rock for
the beautiful solo rendition.
The Benediction will be pronounced by the Pastor of Everglades
Community Church, the Rev. E. A. Finn.
THE REV. E. A. FINN
Our Father God, let thy benediction rest upon the exercises of
this day, and the purpose for which we are here.
May this Park be used for the blessing and benefit of mankind,
in this and future generations.
We beseech thee to bless our President, our Governor and all
others in authority. Bless every citizen of this our great Republic.
In the name of God,
9ormmemoraThve B lamp
One day preceding the Dedication rites, that is on December 5, 1947, a beau-
tiful new 3-cent postage stamp, pictured on the back cover of this pamphlet, was
placed on sale at Florida City, the nearest postoffice to Everglades National Park
and the southernmost postoffice on the mainland of the United States.
An appropriate public program was observed at Florida City on that day,
attended by Hon. Joseph J. Lawler, third assistant Postmaster General; Secretary
of the Interior Julius A. Krug; United States Senator Spessard L. Holland; Gov-
ernor Millard F. Caldwell of Florida, and many other public officials of Federal
and State governments. The principal address was given by Mr. Lawler and was
ADDRESS BY MR. LAWYER
It is a great honor and a pleasure to be here in Florida City today repre-
senting the Postmaster General, Hon. Jesse M. Donaldson, upon the occasion of
this first day of issue of this beautiful new stamp commemorating the establishment
of Everglades National Park.
This magnificent natural wonder, the Florida Everglades, now takes on greater
glory and significance in the public eye by reason of its. dedication to the people
of the United States as one of the Nation's great national parks. The importance
of the occasion can truly be attested by the fact that our great Chief Executive,
Hon. Harry S. Truman, has seen fit to honor it by his presence at the dedication
of the Park tomorrow.
In the past the Post Office has issued special commemorative stamps for ten
of the national parks. In presenting a case in behalf of this stamp, your distin-
guished Senator, Hon. Spessard. L. Holland, has represented to the Post Office
Department that the State of Florida has cooperated and contributed in greater
degree than any other state heretofore in that Florida has conveyed 800,000 acres
of land to the United States, an area twice as great as the State of Rhode Island,
as well as appropriating over $2,000,000 to round out the area.
So, too, Senator Claude Pepper, Governor Millard Caldwell, and each member
of Congress from Florida presented briefs in the cause of this stamp.
Today on this spot is being issued for the first time a beautiful stamp designed
after an idea submitted by the Everglades Park Commission. The stamp is in
dimensions commonly known as the special-delivery size, but arranged vertically.
The central design is an outline map of Florida, emphasizing the Everglades Na-
tional Park area. In the foreground and partly covering the map outline is a great
white heron, symbolic of the exotic wild life of the region. The coloring in
delicate shadings of green is symbolic of the perennial verdant foliage of this
Notwithstanding the symbolic features its potential utility has not been sacri-
ficed. The stamp is in the 3-cent denomination, the one in most common use,
and as such will carry the story and the glory of Everglades National Park to the
farthermost corners of this land and to lands beyond. Even today it is expected
upward of one-half million letters bearing this stamp will emanate from this
honored postoffice Florida City. Millions of additional stamps will be sold after
tomorrow at every other postoffice in the United States.
The issue of a new stamp is a great undertaking by the Post Office Depart-
ment and is deemed outstanding recognition to the subject so honored. Therefore,
it is a source of deep gratification when the recipient signifies its cooperation and
appreciation in the wholehearted and elaborate manner displayed at all times by
the Everglades Park Commission under the able and energetic guidance of its
chairman, Mr. August Burghard. This cooperation and interest has been indicated
not only in the furtherance of the project but in every phase of its progress even
to its culmination in these appropriate ceremonies today.
The Department is not unmindful of the inestimable assistance of Mr. Paul
R. Scott, who made personal trips to Washington to confer with our esteemed
former Postmaster General, Hon. Robert E. Hannegan, and myself. And I have
been reliably informed by their colleagues of the untiring and ceaseless efforts
put forth by Mr. John D. Pennekamp, associate editor of the Miami Herald, and
Mr. Will Preston.
This spirit of cooperation and appreciation could be no more suitably and
amply climaxed than in this final touch of dignity by having here to accept this
first issue, your highest ranking official, Hon. Millard Caldwell, Governor of the
State of Florida.
Governor Caldwell, I am proud, I am honored to present to you with the
compliments of Hon. Jesse M. Donaldson, Postmaster General of the United
States, this album suitably inscribed with your name and covering the first sheet
of stamps of the special issue commemorating Everglades National Park.
)ets Cl/Iew 9yark Qfamp ikecord
In the United States Senate on December 12, 1947, Senator Spessard L.
Holland received unanimous consent to have the following excerpt from a letter to
him from Hon. Joseph J. Lawler made a part of the Senate Record for that day:
I have just received a report from the postmaster at Florida City
in connection with the first-day sale of the stamp and she reports
that there were 466,647 first-day covers canceled and 802,500 stamps
sold, amounting to $24,074. This was, indeed, quite a fine showing
and it eclipsed that of any first-day sale of national-park stamps.
In 1934, the Department issued ten national-park stamps and they
proved to be very popular. I am sure that the Everglades stamp will
continue to be one of our popular issues.
Continuing to address the Senate, Mr. Holland said:
"Mr. President, I am sure that I speak for the entire Florida delegation and
also for the State officials of Florida and for our entire public in expressing to
the Postmaster General our very great appreciation for his recognition of the
importance of the creation of the Everglades National Park by issuing the beautiful
"Mr. President, speaking for the Florida delegation, let me say that we appre-
ciated greatly the presence of the distinguished senior Senator from Colorado
(Mr. Johnson) at the dedicatory celebration, and we hope that he enjoyed there
the beauties which I think are apparent to all who come-blue skies, bright sun-
shine, beautiful green palms, and the myriad bird life, animal life, fish life, and
much vegetation which cannot be found anywhere else in our Nation. Here and
now I wish to extend a warm invitation to all Members of the Senate who have
not had the privilege of visiting that particular southernmost part of our Nation.
That invitation is extended to them by the Florida delegation, and we hope they
will visit us at their early pleasure and will enjoy for themselves the undoubted
beauties of the only subtropical national park in our entire national-park system,
and the only one that can ever be in the national-park system of the United States.
We shall be greatly pleased by the presence of any Members of the Senate, and
we draw no political lines whatever in the extension of this cordial invitation."
PUBLISHED BY THE
EVERGLADES NATIONAL PARK COMMISSION
Operating under Acts of the
and appointed by
GOVERNOR MILLARD F. CALDWELL
August Burghard, Chairman
Gen. Albert H. Blanding
D. Graham Copeland
Mrs. Joseph L. Gray
Mrs. W. S. Jennings
A. Cliff Johnson
J. Kennard Johnson
Dr. E. C. Lunsford
Mrs. Gillen McClure
A. B. Michael
Mrs. T. V. Moore
John D. Pennekamp
Richard D. Pope
Nelson P. Poynter
Leonard K. Thomson
G. G. Ware
Will M. Preston
Daniel B. Beard
Dedication Field Director
604 Biscayne Building
Miami 32, Florida
U.19 J-AM -4
- F1RST PAV