Group Title: History Speaks: Samuel Proctor Oral Histroy Program News
Title: History Speaks: Samuel Proctor Oral History Program News
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 Material Information
Title: History Speaks: Samuel Proctor Oral History Program News
Series Title: History Speaks: Samuel Proctor Oral History Program News
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: Samuel Proctor Oral History Program
Publisher: Samuel Proctor Oral History Program
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
Publication Date: 2009
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Bibliographic ID: UF00091055
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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History Speak;

UF Veterans Memorial Dedication Ceremony,
April 30, 2009. The inscription on the monu-
ment reads: "This memorial is in honor of
Gator veterans and those who have fallen
while answering the nation's call to protect
our freedom." (photo by Ira Fischler)

s: S P OHP News

Dear SPOHP Supporter,
On behalf of our program, I would like to thank the
Gainesville community for the incredible support that we
received for our public program on March 17: "Florida Black
History: Where We Stand in the Age of Barack Obama."

This event was well covered by The Gainesville Sun in its
article titled "Early Black Grad, Current UF Leaders Reflect on
State of Race." The program was attended by more than 250
people and featured inspirational music, dance, and spoken
word performances.

President Bernie Machen presented Joel Buchanan with
an achievement award in honor of his work to preserve and
promote African American history for future generations.
During the 1980s, Joel Buchanan documented the lives of
many residents in the Fifth Avenue community, and SPOHP is
proud to have these interviews as part of its collection.

Our panelists urged us to remember the complex
historical road that we have traveled on the way to electing
our nation's first African American president. We were
charged with renewing our commitment to preserve our
histories in order to educate younger people about our
struggles to build a more democratic society.

This program was made possible through the generous
support of UF campus units, as well as numerous Gainesville
community organizations. We look forward to continuing
our work with Alachua County residents in documenting our
region's rich history! ()
Paul Ortiz, Director 1 of 20

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History Speaks:

On April 22, 2009, Roberta Peacock,
Administrative Assistant at the Samuel Proctor
Oral History Program, was one of the recipients of
UF's prestigious Superior Accomplishment Awards
(in the Administrative/Supervisory category).
The award recognizes "those who contribute
outstanding and meritorious service, efficiency
and/or economy, or to the quality of life provided
to students and employees." SPOHP congratulates
Roberta and salutes her many accomplishments

By Roberta Y. Peacock

Colorful roadside billboards point the way to Big Cypress Reservation. (photos by Roberta Peacock)

that enhance UF's Oral History Program.

Color Guard at UF Veterans Memorial Dedication
Ceremony, April 30, 2009. (photo by Deborah Hendrix)

2 of 20

As a native of South Florida, I fondly remember
visiting the Indian villages and driving on Alligator
Alley and the Tamiami Trail (U.S. Highway 41, which
runs through the Miccosukee Indian Reservation).
Not much has changed. Indian villages with thatched
chickees still line the roadside and alligators roam
free. You can see and hear swamp buggies and
airboats, and can gaze upon Tribe members in
their colorful dress. I have taken my children to
several villages on both the Miccosukee and Big
Cypress reservations. They continue to talk about
their airboat ride to a remote Indian village in the
Everglades. Sharing a portion of Florida's rich history
is exciting and educational.

When visiting South Florida, you must see
the Big Cypress Indian Reservation in the Florida
Everglades. If you take the stretch of 1-75-better
known as "Alligator Alley"-from either coast and
get off on Exit 49 (Snake Road) and head north, you

will find yourself on the Big Cypress Reservation of
the Seminole Tribe of Florida. The Everglades seem
desolate and empty, but as you notice the foliage
of the swamp, palm trees, and wildlife, you realize
how beautiful this "River of Grass"-as Marjory
Stoneman Douglas referred to it-really is.

Turning a bend in the road, the Reservation
proper comes to life. Modern houses, chickees,
a school, gymnasium, rodeo arena, gas stations,
restaurants, and public buildings line the narrow
two-lane road. Red, yellow, and black signs indicate
that this is part of the Seminole Tribe of Florida.

Upon arriving at the Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki Museum
(Miccosukee word meaning "to learn"), you walk
over a bridge and gaze down on alligators sunning
on the water's edge. A scent of sweet smoke-from
a fire under a ceremonial chickee-fills the air at the
entrance of the museum's main building, effectively 3 of 20

The Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki Connection:

Returning to the "River of Grass"

rr~m -

History Speaks: S

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drawing the visitor into listening to the music and
smelling the aroma. The museum exhibits include
several life-size dioramas showing village camps and
depicting the Tribe's culture. Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki displays
make the Seminole culture come alive. The museum
has two outer buildings. One houses maintenance
and building services, and the other contains the
Collections Department, the director's offices, and a
viewing area of museum projects and productions.

Behind the main building is a boardwalk nature
trail, approximately two miles long, which takes
guests into the swamp. Along the way are signs on
plant life to let visitors know what they are viewing.
Some other stops on this trail include a native
village and ceremonial grounds. The day I toured the
museum was "Kattle Kids Day." Museum staff, Tribal
members, and re-enactors were on the trail, as well
as in the arts and crafts and livestock areas. Visitors
were able to watch demonstrations on branding,
roping and riding, and making Indian art and jewelry.

Yellowjacaranda in bloom on Big Cypress Reservation.

I visited Big Cypress Reservation in March 2009.
A collaborative project with the Seminole Tribe
of Florida was started by the Samuel Proctor Oral
History Program in 1970. This project was initiated
under the Doris Duke Foundation Grant given to
the University of Florida's Department of History.
During the first phase of the Seminole Project,
more than 190 interviews were collected, primarily
by a graduate student, Tom King, who lived on
the reservation [Dr. R.T. King, Director Emeritus,
University of Nevada, Reno, 1983-2008].

In the late 1990s, SPOHP was awarded a grant
from the Florida Humanities Council to conduct
additional interviews with Seminole Tribe members.
We now house 265 Seminole Indian oral history
interviews. A comparison was made between the
original interviews and the 1990s interviews, which
will be reflected in a forthcoming book published
by the University of Nebraska Press. This book will
include several of the oral history interviews in the
Seminole Tribe of Florida Project,
as well as a narrative by Dr. Julian
Pleasants, former SPOHP director,
and Dr. Harry Kersey, Jr., of Florida
Atlantic University.

Since the 1990s, SPOHP has
continued to work closely with
members of the Seminole Tribe
of Florida. Elizabeth Lowman
was recently hired by the Tribe
as an oral historian to conduct
interviews with Tribal members.
These interviews are being added
to the Tribe's current archives
at the Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki Museum.

I visited Elizabeth at Big Cypress Reservation's
Museum, and we discussed the Seminole Tribe of
Florida and Samuel Proctor Oral History Program's
collaboration. I brought Elizabeth a copy of our
in-depth summaries of our Seminole oral history

SPOHP has numerous photographs and slides
from the 1970s, which have been digitized. These
were given to us by Tribal members and historians.
I delivered a CD to the Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki Museum
during my visit. The UF Smathers Libraries Special
Collections also archive photographs, slides, and
glass plate-photos, many of which are of the
Seminoles. Elizabeth made a verbal commitment

for the Tribe to house a collection of photographs,
slides, and glass plate-photos in the Tribe's archives.
UF Smathers Libraries archivists will work out the
final details for this acquisition.

For more information on SPOHP's collection of
Seminole Indian interviews, log into our digital
collection at
aspx?g=oral&m=hhh. If you are planning a trip to
South Florida and would like more information on
the Big Cypress Indian Reservation, visit the Tribe's
website at C

4 of 20

Cross over into the Seminole culture on the Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki Museum's bridge. 5 of 20

History Speaks: S P OHP News

Paul Ortiz on the Case with "History Detectives"

By Diane Fischler

Sweat streamed down Tukufu Zuberi's face as the afternoon sun intensified in the Florida scrub. One of
the four hosts of PBS's popular "History Detectives," Zuberi was clearly enjoying the challenge of solving one
of history's mysteries. Despite the heat, the "History Detectives" production crew filmed take after take of
Zuberi's interview with Paul Ortiz, SPOHP director and a scholar knowledgeable about Florida black history.

The show's format involves the hosts trying to learn the story behind historical artifacts possessed by
viewers across the country. Ortiz was providing Zuberi with new leads about a former slave, Harvey McLeod,
who had settled in Florida after the Civil War. Ortiz, author of Emancipation Betrayed: The Hidden History
of Black Organizing and White Violence in Florida from Reconstruction to the Bloody Election of 1920 (2006)
and Remembering Jim Crow: African Americans Tell about Life in the Segregated South (co-editor, 2001), was
an obvious choice for Zuberi's probing questions about McLeod.

Zuberi's inquiry focused on letters that McLeod, living in Alachua County, had written to his sister
in South Carolina in the late 1870s. The letters urged his sister, Mary Ballad Vance, to move with him to
Africa-specifically, Liberia. Vernetia Jenkins of South Carolina, Vance's great-great-granddaughter, was
interested in learning more about the author of those yellowed letters. At Jenkins's request, "History
Detectives" accepted
the challenge to uncover
more information about
Vance's distant relative,
and to determine if he was
involved in the Back to
Africa Movement.

By the 1850s, more
than 13,000 free blacks
had journeyed back to
the west coast of Africa
under the sponsorship of
the American Colonization
Society. The movement
Production crew film "History Detective" Tukufu Zuberi and Paul Ortiz at
Morningside Nature Center on March 13. (Photos by Diane Fischler)

then declined drastically, only to be revived after
Reconstruction came to an end.

After interviewing Paul Ortiz, Phil Denton
of the Archer Historical Society, and Jim Powell,
the Ancient Records Coordinator for the Alachua
County Clerk of Courts, Zuberi put together a
clearer picture of Harvey McLeod-who never did
fulfill his wish to go back to Africa. Instead, McLeod
remained in Alachua County, farming a 40-acre tract
of land and raising a large family. Around the turn
of the century, he donated some of this land to the
community for a school for black children-a highly
unusual act for a black man at that time.

Paul Ortiz contributed to Zuberi's investigation
on several levels: He discussed the revival of the
Back to Africa Movement after Reconstruction,
related how Florida temporarily offered a post-Civil
War haven to former slaves, and directed Zuberi to
courthouse property deed records. Commenting
on the former slave living in Florida's immediate
post-Reconstruction period and beyond, Ortiz
said, "Harvey McLeod would have seen the whole
spectrum of racial conflict firsthand." It was no
surprise that McLeod wanted to go back to his roots
in Africa at this particular time because the 1876
presidential election had ended Reconstruction.
Federal troops left the state and white supremacists
regained power. Jim Crow laws now reigned.

The shooting locale for Ortiz's segment of
Zuberi's investigation was Morningside Nature

6 of 20

Tukufu Zuberi and Paul Ortiz confer at photo shoot.

Center east of Gainesville. The city-operated park
provided an authentic setting for an 1870s Alachua
County scenario-including crowing roosters and
gnats hovering in the production crew's faces. When
the interview ended late in the afternoon, the
historic letters were carefully put away, and it was
time to return to the present.

But were Vernetia Jenkins's questions answered?
Perhaps Harvey McLeod was involved in the Back
to Africa Movement; he certainly was aware of
the undertaking. But as a result of the detectives'
historical research, Jenkins learned how McLeod
had impacted this corner of North Central Florida
through his generosity and community involvement.
She even met some of McLeod's descendants who
still reside in this area. Tukufu Zuberi, Paul Ortiz,
and others made it possible for Vernetia Jenkins to
illuminate her past.

More information will appear on this program
after it airs on PBS this summer. To read about
this particular investigation at that time, go to the
"History Detectives" website,
historydetectives, and click "Investigations." (C- 7 of 20

History Speaks: S P OHP News

National POW-MIA Recognition Day

September 18, 2009

By Diane Fischler

Every year on the third Friday of September the United States officially remembers prisoners of war
and those missing in action. As part of that commemoration, the black POW-MIA "You are not forgotten"
flag will fly on the grounds of the Malcolm Randall VA Medical Center in Gainesville on September 18.
During the VA's annual observance of POWs and MIAs, the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program will have
an exhibit table showcasing its World War II, Korean, and Vietnam oral history collections. The SPOHP-
produced documentary, I Just Wanted to Live!, featuring the accounts of four prisoners of war held by the
Japanese, will be on display and available for ordering.

Four ex-POWs were featured in this film. They all survived the Battle of Bataan, the Bataan Death
March, the internment camps in the Philippines, the Japanese Hell Ships, and the slave labor camps in
Japan. The following quotations, taken from their SPOHP oral histories, tell how these former prisoners of
war survived the darker and little known side of war.

John R. Bumgarner

Dr. Bumgarner passed away
in 2006 at age 94. His key to sur-
vival while tending the starving
and disease-ridden POWs with no
available medicine: "You were just
a morale officer." He added, "Well,
if you're subject to shock every day,
you become a little immune to it,
but not entirely." He concluded: "If
you weren't tough mentally, you
didn't survive."
.,'~ (Photo courtesy Bumgarner family)

Herbert E. Pepper

Herbert turned 90 on March 12 in Lake
City. His key to survival: "You just have to
have the determination to live."
(Photo by Diane Fischler)

Victor H. Cote

Victor turned 89 on April 7. His key to survival:
"My commanding officer [on the Bataan peninsula]
said, 'You'll never live to see your 21st birthday.'"
Victor added, "I built a shield. I had a [an emotional]
shield that protected me."
Victor is holding the mess kit that he carried as a
POW throughout World War II.
(Photo by Ira Fischler)

Damon Conrad Alberty

Conrad will turn 85 on August 28. His key to survival:
"You become hard. Listen, you serve one year in
there [POW camp] and you become hard. You have
no emotions, no feelings, no nothing. The only thing
you've got in the back of your mind is one little key
word. It's survival, survival, survival."
(Photo courtesy Alberty family)

8 of 20 9 of 20

History Speaks: S P OHP News

WW II Oral History Interviewee

To Receive French Legion of Honor Medal

What Was It Like on the Home Front?

By Diane Fischler
Frank Towers, who participated
in the "Testimony of War" panel
discussion last November, will be
receiving France's highest tribute in
June. The president of France, Nicolas
Sarkozy, will present Frank with
the Legion of Honor Medal. French "
Ambassador Pierre Vimont notified him:
"This award testifies to the President of
the French Republic's high esteem for your merits
and accomplishments. In particular, it is a sign
of France's true and unforgettable gratitude and
appreciation for your personal, precious contribution
to the United States' decisive role in the liberation
of our country during World War II." Presentation
of the medal will be on June 6, 2009-the 65th
anniversary of the Normandy Invasion-at Utah
Beach near Sainte-Mere-Iglise, Normandy.

As a regimental-then division-liaison officer,
Frank took part in one of the later landings upon the
beaches of Normandy on June 13-his 26th birthday.
He was part of the famed 30th Infantry Division,
affectionately called the "Old Hickory Division." This
division played major roles in Operation Cobra (the
"breakout" at Saint-L6), the Battle of the Bulge,
and the successful attack on the Siegfried Line in
Germany. The 743rd Tank Battalion, assigned to the
30th Infantry Division, liberated a train load of 2,500
Jewish concentration camp survivors from Bergen-
Belsen, at Magdeburg, Germany, in mid-April 1945.

Frank was an eyewitness to the horrors
of war both on the battlefront and on a
more personal level with camp survivors.

Frank attends reunions of the
30th Infantry Division veterans every
year, and recently some survivors of the
camp, which the Old Hickory Division
liberated, have attended those reunions.
In 2000, he started a program called "Les
Fleurs de la M6moire" ("The Flowers of Memory")
in which more than 9,100 graves in the Normandy
and Brittany cemeteries have been adopted by
individuals and families living in Normandy and
other places in France. It is an honor to have Frank
Towers's war recollections in SPOHP's World War II
Oral History Collection. (

Frank Towers's Legion of Honor medal is in the
"Chevalier" or "Knight" class. (photo by Diane Fischler)

By Aurelia D. Wallace

Since Ken Burns's World War II documentary
titled The War premiered in 2007, millions of
Americans now know as much about that conflict as
if they, too, had been there. But what was it like on
the home front? Who remembers today what it was
like more than 65 years ago?

Sixteen million wives, mothers, sweethearts,
and sisters wrote letters to their loved ones-and
received replies from-on a special new form called
"V-mail," which was shrunk to the size of a postage
stamp. V-mails were delivered to parts of the world
its writers had never heard of-Peleliu, Burma,
Bastogne, Tarawa-and they learned the geography
of the planet.

Then came the ration books-Friday was
"Meatless Day." Millions of women invented weird

10 of 20

elia "Chick" Wallace takes an active
rest in SPOHP's World War II Oral
'ory Collection and veterans events
h her husband, Col. Phil Newman-a
rier B-17 bomber pilot. They both enjoy
ring their war experiences with high
col students-the kind of stories not
Id in history textbooks.
o by Ira Fischler)

meatless recipes. Between 1942 and 1945, sugar,
lard, butter, gasoline, tires, clothing, and shoes were
rationed. For my wartime wedding, I wore a hand-
sewn long white gown with cardboard sandals that
would not have survived a rain shower. I cut the
sandals out of a cardboard box and fastened them
up with my daddy's shoelaces-all painted white
with shoe polish.

But it was a great time for women-not just for
the adventurous WAC (Women's Army Corps) and
WAVES (Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency
Service). The heroines of the home front took over
men's jobs in factories, farms, garages, and offices.
If not working in these important positions, women
were delivering doughnuts to thousands of troop
trains, manning canteens, dancing with strangers,
and driving Army vehicles. I "drove" a seasoned old 11 of 20

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5th Cavalry horse that had served in World
War I more than 20 years earlier! The Horse Cavalry
metamorphosed into the Tank Corps in 1944, and in
those days women could not yet drive tanks.

Disposable diapers were invented, along with
SPAM' and instant coffee. In the absence of silk
stockings, we painted our legs with Max Factor
pancake makeup-the same makeup that we put on
our faces today. We drew a black line up the back of
our legs with a Maybelline eyebrow pencil. Rubber
"falsies" were invented so we'd all look like Betty
Grable's sweater front, not our flat-chested teen
selves. My sorority housemother used her rubber

falsies as a pin cushion, causing considerable shock
to our dates who were greeted by the housemother
as they picked us up to go to the movies!

Millions of us learned to change tires, repair
motors, and drive gigantic trucks. We left our
children and war babies in nurseries so we could-
for the first time in our lives-work outside the home
and live the lives our men had left behind. We could
do a job, run a home, and take care of children for
the first time in the history of the Western world.

Women's independence leaped forward like a
relentless tide. All the old stereotypes of marriage-

motherhood, independence, and self-hood and with
all their concomitant prejudices-were washing
away. Posters of "Rosie the Riveter" urged us on,
as did posters of Uncle Sam who pointed a stern
forefinger at us: "We Want You!" Half of my college
classmates married at 18 or 19, as I did, and then put
our 16 million returning husbands through college
on the GI Bill of Rights, most of whom would never
have gone to college at all. What a recipe for change!

I strongly believe the GI Bill was the most
powerful and influential nudge to excellence this
country had ever experienced. Its unending effects
are fully visible in every facet of life today. Both my

middle-aged children went to college free on their
father's Navy service. "Change" was the operant
word. "Technology" became a philosophy.

My first husband, Dr. Alvin T. Wallace, was the
very first recipient of the GI Bill. After being honored
in Congress, this once-barefoot Georgia Cracker farm
boy went all the way through college and obtained a
Ph.D. to become the youngest dean in the history of
the University of Florida (1950-1971). Buildings and
scholarships are named for him. In his memory, war,
victory, peace, and progress come together in ways
he would have never dreamed about in the prism of
his World War II years. (C

While attending the University of Georgia
during the war years, Chick Dunstan
served with the U.S. Army's Horse Cavalry,
a unit attached to the school's ROTC
program. She was the only female in this
unit, achieving the rank of first lieutenant.
This cavalry unit's duties encompassed
30-mile-long treks, being responsible for
the care of each horse, and performing
ceremonial duties. In this photo, Chick is
holding a trophy for a first-place jumping
contest. Her duties with the Horse Cavalry
ended upon graduation at age 19 in 1945.
She is the last surviving member of the
U.S. Horse Cavalry.
(photo courtesy Aurelia D. Wallace)

The "V" in "V-mail" stood for
"Victory" followed by three dots
and a dash. These dots and dash
are Morse Code for the letter
"V." The senders-on either the
home front or overseas-wrote
their letters on forms to be
photographed and then reduced
and put on microfilm. At the
receiving stations, the messages
were enlarged, printed on photo
paper, and then delivered to
the addressees. The messages
from servicemen underwent an
additional step: they were heavily
censored. (photo by Ira Fischler)

12 of 20 13 of 20

History Speaks: S

Florida Black History:

Where We Stand in the Age of Barack Obama

By Marna Weston

UF PresidentJ. Bernard Machen presents
an award to Joel Buchanan for his contribu-
tion to preserving and promoting African
American history for future generations.
(photos by Ira Fischler)

University of Florida Gospel Choir performed
at the event under the direction of Professor
David Richardson.

On the evening of March 17, 2009, UF President
Dr. J. Bernard Machen and First Lady, Chris Machen,
joined SPOHP for a three-hour program titled
"Florida Black History: Where We Stand in the Age
of Barack Obama." The program acknowledged
the presence and contributions of revered, living
persons whose sacrifices in the past-as students-
played key roles in the development of UF as a place
honoring diversity and inclusion.

Several of "The Firsts" (original African-
American graduates of UF's various colleges) were
present and recognized by President Machen:
Federal Judge Stephan Mickle, his wife, Evelyn Marie
Moore Mickle, and Dr. Reuben Brigety. Professor
Sherry DuPree, Dr. Gwendolyn Zohara Simmons, and
Mr. Dan Harmeling joined Mrs. Mickle as panelists,
rounding out the discussion group, with each
contributor bringing unique offerings of personal
experience with past racism and its implications in
today's world.

SPOHP Director Dr. Paul Ortiz invited Gainesville
historian Professor Joel Buchanan to moderate the
evening's panel. Professor Buchanan (who in 1964
was one of the original three African-American
students to desegregate Gainesville High School)
was presented with a plaque by President Machen
acknowledging his lifetime contributions to the
collection and preservation of oral history. The

plaque read: "The Samuel Proctor Oral History
Program Recognizes Joel Buchanan. In honor of your
work to preserve and promote African American
History for Future Generations. March 17, 2009."

SPOHP also held an afternoon seminar on
March 24, 2009, titled "Leadership, History, and
Civil Rights in the Age of Barack Obama." This co-
curricular panel featured interested students, UF
history professor emeritus, Dr. Robert Zieger, and
IFAS professor, Dr. Paul Monaghan. The audience
included history professor Dr. Jack Davis, history
professor emeritus and Civil Rights activist Dr. David
Chalmers, and Gainesville community activist, Kali
Blount. Due to illness, Rosewood historian, Lizzie
P.R.B. Jenkins, and UF AFSCME president, Alberta
Hopkins Walls, could not attend, but they will be
featured in a future program. Special thanks to
UF's George A. Smathers Libraries and the North
Star Leadership Council Alumni for their roles in
coordinating the two events. (I

The conceptual developer of this public event was Marna
Weston, a third-year doctoral student in Agricultural Education
and Communication at the University of Florida. Mr. Weston's
academic interests include recruitment and retention of
minority faculty, Civil Rights, and the historic land use of African
Americans in Florida.

14 of 20

UFjunior Khambria Clarke inspired the audi-
ence with reading selected passages from
James Weldon Johnson's "50 Years."

UF's First Lady, Chris Machen, andfolklorist
Vivian Filer share a laugh.

Left to right: Shayla Ellis, SPOHP videogra-
pher Deborah Hendrix, SPOHP Director Paul
Ortiz, and Justin Bauford confer at podium
prior to the program. 15 of 20

P OHP News

History Speaks: S

History in the Making: SPOHP's News & Events

P OHP News

History in the Making: SPOHP's News & Events

May 25: SPOHP will have a table setup at Forest
Meadows Cemetery on Hawthorne Road in
Gainesville as part of Veterans Memorial Day events.
This year's program pays tribute to the WASP
(Women Airforce Service Pilots).

May 29: Paul Ortiz, Director, will chair and
participate on a panel titled "Mentors at the
Crossroads: Studs Turkel, Herbert Gutman, Staunton
Lynd, and Archie Green," at the Labor and Working
Class Association and the Fund for Labor and
Working Class History Association and the Fund for
Labor, Culture and History in Chicago.

June 6: SPOHP will have a table setup at Camp
Blanding in Starke, as part of the Army's tribute to
the 65th anniversary of the D-Day Invasion, which
took place on June 6, 1944.

Sept. 18: SPOHP will have a table setup at the
Malcolm Randall VA Medical Center in Gainesville as
part of the National POW-MIA Day program. We will
answer questions about conducting WW II, Korean,
and Vietnam oral histories, as well as discussing the
SPOHP-produced documentary titled I Just Wanted
to Live! about four POWs held by the Japanese. The
movie was based on four oral histories in SPOHP's
WW II Collection. (See pages 8-9.)

Oct. 14-18: SPOHP will participate in the annual
meeting of the Oral History Association Conference
in Louisville, Kentucky. The panel will consist
of SPOHP Director Emeritus Julian Pleasants
(moderator) and staff members Diane Fischler,
Deborah Hendrix, Roberta Peacock, and Dan Simone.

Nov. 11: SPOHP will have a table setup at the
Veterans Day commemoration at Kanapaha Veterans
Memorial Park.

SPOHP Updates

The following DVDs are archived at SPOHP
and can be purchased for $20 each. Contact
Roberta Peacock at (352) 392-7168. Programs
were presented in 2008 and early 2009. All
programs were recorded and finalized by SPOHP
videographer Deborah Hendrix. Please note that
some of these DVDs are still in production, hence
"in progress" has been indicated.

Building on Sam Proctor's Legacy: Race, Politics, and
Freedom in Florida (speaker: Paul Ortiz, 66 min.)

Pugh Hall, located in the heart of UF's historic district, is home to the Samuel Proctor
Oral History Program. (photo by Danielle Navarrete)

--List of DVDs continued

Growth, Growth Management and Sustainability
in a Distressed Economy (speaker: Bob Graham,
74 min.)

Ponce de Leon & the Discovery of Florida (speaker:
Michael Gannon, 55 min.)

The Path to the White House (speakers: Terry
McAuliffe, Frank Fahrenkopf, moderated by
Michael Putney, 84 min.)

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Florida and the Next President (speakers: Adam
Putnam, Allen Boyd, moderated by Brendan
McLaughlin, 75 min.)

The Averaged American (speaker: Sarah Igo, 68 min.)

The Long Horse Race: A View from the National
Annenberg Election Survey (speaker: Richard
Johnston, 100 min.)

continued on next page-- 17 of 20

History Speaks:

History in the Making: SPOHP's News & Events

--continued from previous page

The History of the State University System (speaker:
Robin Gibson, 62 min.)

Who We Are, How We Began: The History of the
Samuel Proctor Oral History Program (speakers:
Samuel Proctor, Paul Ortiz, Julian Pleasants, Mark
Greenberg, 28 min.)

Testimony of War: Panel Discussion (WW II veterans
speakers: Clif Cormier, Victor Cote, Frank Towers,
Clair Chaffin, moderated by Julian Pleasants, 55 min.)

I Just Wanted to Live! (ex-POWs: Victor Cote,
Conrad Alberty, John Bumgarner, Herbert Pepper,
55 min. & 35 min.)

Confederate jasmine covers almost every garden and
cascades down every wall of the University of Florida
in April and May. The white pinwheelflowers exude a
beautiful fragrance that leaves no doubt that this is the
South. (Photo by Ira Fischler)

18 of 20

Day of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943-1944
(speaker: Rick Atkinson, 75 min.)

Water and Land Management in Florida: Old
Challenges in the New Economy (speaker:
Nathaniel Reed, 69 min.)

Trip to Iran (speakers: Bernie and Chris Machen,
57 min.)

Celebration of the Firsts: 50 Years of Integration of
the University of Florida (dinner, 140 min.)

The Blackness of Barack Obama (speaker:
Diane Roberts, 71 min.)

Everglades Providence: Marjory Stoneman
Douglas and the American Environmental
Century (speaker: Jack Davis, 61 min.)

In the Age of Barack Obama (Public Program,
in progress)

Florida Waterways in Crisis (speakers:
Cynthia Barnett, Craig Pittman, Matt Waite, in

Transition to Power: Diplomacy in Transition
(speakers: Ray Mabus, Douglas McElhaney,
Frank McNeil, 65 min.)

continued on next page--


History in the Making: SPOHP's News & Events

--continued from previous page Wr o t J
Winner of the Julian Pleasants
Rosewood Traveling Exhibit Presentations Scholar Award
(speaker: Sherry DuPree, 84 min.)

Aging, Healthcare, and the New Congress
(speaker: Kristine Blackwood, in progress)

When Bob Graham Became a Gator (speaker:
Bob Graham, in progress)
Derrick E. White is the first recipient of the
African Creative Expressions: Mother Tongue 2009 Julian Pleasants Visiting Scholar Award.
and Other Tongues (Conference, 220 min.) Dr. White will receive $1,000 to travel to UF to
conduct research using SPOHP's resources or
Special Collections at the George A. Smathers
Gainesville Women for Equal Rights Oral History
Libraries. This grant has been created in honor o
(Group Oral History, in progress) Dr. Julian Pleasants in recognition of his contribu
tions during his tenure as director of the Samuel
Need for a New National Labor Policy (speaker: Proctor Oral History Program (1996-2007).
Donald Fehr, in progress)
Dr. White is an assistant professor of history
Leadership in the Age of Obama (Forum, at Florida Atlantic University and will be conduct
in progress) ing research on the desegregation of UF football 19 of 20



History Speaks: S

P OHP News

A New Generation of History

By Danielle Navarrete

At SPOHP, we are making progress on our
Proctor Podcast venture and now have six epi-
sodes posted at
The first four episodes feature Florida black his-
tory, and Episodes 5 and 6 are part of a new series
on Florida water management. Our goal this sum-
mer is to post one new episode every two weeks.

Here is the basic idea of SPOHP podcasts.
Since 1967, SPOHP has been archiving interviews.
For the past two months, we have been selecting
segments from these interviews to share digitally
with the public. (We are not creating video pod-
casts at this time.) In this way, we hope to gener-
ate more interest in SPOHP and in the notion of
community. Our motto is: "One community.
Many voices."

To access these audio segments: 1) visit the
URL listed above in the first paragraph and click
on the audio links to listen to the interviews at

your computer. The audio links look like speaker
buttons and are to the left of the title of each
podcast episode; or 2) use a podcatcher, such as
iTunes, to subscribe to the podcast feed, which will
download the audio files to your computer-and
any mobile device you transfer them to-every
time we post a new episode. Using this method,
we can entertain and inform you even when you
are on the go.

We are in the process of submitting our pod-
cast feed to iTunes, the most popular venue for
podcasts, so you will soon be able to search for
Proctor Podcast there. In the meantime, if you
right-click on the orange RSS feed link (see below)
on our podcast page, you can copy the link loca-
tion and paste it into your podcatcher. On iTunes,
in the Advanced dropdown menu, select Subscribe
to Podcast and paste the URL. You are now sub-
scribed to the Proctor Podcast where you will hear
the voices of people making history. CD

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20 of 20


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